- code name for a synthetic defoliant developed for military use. Agent orange is a mixture of two chemicals, 2,4, dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4 d) and 2,4,5 trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5 t). The toxicity of agent orange is due to by products from metabolic processes upon intake. The toxic by products are dioxin derivatives, which have been linked to the wasting syndrome, gastric ulcer, cancer, immunotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, vascular lesions, teratogenicity, and impaired reproductive performance. (nci04)
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Source: Data courtesy of the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Since the data might have changed, please query MeSH on 2,4,d/2,4,5,t for any updates.