A-Z list of medicines A

From WikiMD
Jump to navigation Jump to search
  • a   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the A antigen* ; the 1st letter of the Roman alphabet* ; the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites* ; a metric unit of length equal to one ten billionth of a meter (or 0.0001 micron); used to specify wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation* ; (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA* ; one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)* ; any of several fat soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes
  • abb   noun an urban hit squad and guerrilla group of the Communist Party in the Philippines; formed in the 1980s
  • abc   noun the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural)
  • abelmoschus   noun genus of tropical coarse herbs having large lobed leaves and often yellow flowers
  • acacia   noun any of various spiny trees or shrubs of the genus Acacia
  • academy   noun a learned establishment for the advancement of knowledge* ; a school for special training* ; a secondary school (usually private)* ; an institution for the advancement of art or science or literature
  • acetaldehyde   noun a colorless volatile water soluble liquid aldehyde used chiefly in manufacture of acetic acid and perfumes and drugs
  • acetaminophen   noun an analgesic for mild pain; also used as an antipyretic; (Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, and Anacin III are trademarks of brands of acetaminophen tablets)
  • acetic acid   noun a colorless pungent liquid widely used in manufacturing plastics and pharmaceuticals
  • achy   adj. causing a dull and steady pain
  • aconite   noun any of various usually poisonous plants of the genus Aconitum having tuberous roots and palmately lobed leaves and blue or white flowers
  • aconitum   noun genus of poisonous plants of temperate regions of northern hemisphere with a vaulted and enlarged petal
  • aconitum lycoctonum   noun poisonous Eurasian perennial herb with broad rounded leaves and yellow flowers and fibrous rootstock
  • aconitum napellus   noun a poisonous herb native to northern Europe having hooded blue purple flowers; the dried leaves and roots yield aconite
  • activase   noun a thrombolytic agent (trade name Activase) that causes fibrinolysis at the site of a blood clot; used in treating acute myocardial infarction
  • activated charcoal   noun powdered or granular carbon used for purifying by adsorption; given orally (as a slurry) it is an antidote for some kinds of poisons
  • acular   noun nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trade names Acular and Toradol) that is administered only intramuscularly
  • acyclovir   noun an oral antiviral drug (trade name Zovirax) used to treat genital herpes; does not cure the disease but relieves the symptoms
  • add   noun a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders* ; verb make an addition (to); join or combine or unite with others; increase the quality, quantity, size or scope of* ;make an addition by combining numbers* ; state or say further* ;constitute an addition* ; determine the sum of* ; bestow a quality on
  • adenosine   noun (biochemistry) a nucleoside that is a structural component of nucleic acids; it is present in all living cells in a combined form as a constituent of DNA and RNA and ADP and ATP and AMP
  • adrenal   adj. of or pertaining to the adrenal glands or their secretions* ; near the kidneys* ; noun either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
  • adrenalin   noun a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • adrenocorticotrophin   noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • adult   adj. (of animals) fully developed* ; noun any mature animal* ; a fully developed person from maturity onward
  • advanced   adj. (of societies) highly developed especially in technology or industry* ; far along in time* ; comparatively late in a course of development* ; ahead in development; complex or intricate* ;at a higher level in training or knowledge or skill* ; farther along in physical or mental development* ; ahead of the times* ; situated ahead or going before
  • advantage   noun benefit resulting from some event or action* ; the quality of having a superior or more favorable position* ; (tennis) first point scored after deuce* ; verb give an advantage to
  • advil   noun a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory medicine (trade names Advil and Motrin and Nuprin) used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an analgesic and antipyretic
  • aesculus   noun deciduous trees or some shrubs of North America; southeastern Europe; eastern Asia
  • aesculus hippocastanum   noun tree having palmate leaves and large clusters of white to red flowers followed by brown shiny inedible seeds
  • agaricus campestris   noun common edible mushroom found naturally in moist open soil; the cultivated mushroom of commerce
  • agave americana   noun widely cultivated American monocarpic plant with greenish white flowers on a tall stalk; blooms only after ten to twenty years and then dies
  • ailanthus   noun any of several deciduous Asian trees of the genus Ailanthus
  • aim   noun the action of directing something at an object* ; the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable)* ; an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions* ; the direction or path along which something moves or along which it lies* ; verb propose or intend* ; direct (a remark) toward an intended goal* ; aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment* ; have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal* ; specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public* ; move into a desired direction of discourse* ; intend (something) to move towards a certain goal
  • air   adj. relating to or characteristic of or occurring in the air* ; noun a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing* ;medium for radio and television broadcasting* ; the region above the ground* ; a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of* ; once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)* ; travel via aircraft* ; a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence* ; the mass of air surrounding the Earth* ; a slight wind (usually refreshing)* ;verb expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry* ; broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television* ; be broadcast* ; expose to cool or cold air so as to cool or freshen* ; make public* ; expose to fresh air
  • air power   noun the aggregation of a country's military aircraft
  • akin   adj. related by blood* ; similar or related in quality or character
  • albumin   noun a simple water soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids
  • albuterol   noun a bronchodilator (trade names Ventolin or Proventil) used for asthma and emphysema and other lung conditions; available in oral or inhalant forms; side effects are tachycardia and shakiness
  • alcohol   noun a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent* ; any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • alcoholism   noun habitual intoxication; prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms* ; an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
  • aldactone   noun a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
  • alder   noun north temperate shrubs or trees having toothed leaves and conelike fruit; bark is used in tanning and dyeing and the wood is rot resistant* ; wood of any of various alder trees; resistant to underwater rot; used for bridges etc
  • alendronate   noun a tablet (trade name Fosamax) prescribed to prevent or treat osteoporosis in women after menopause
  • alert   adj. very attentive or observant* ; (usually followed by `to') showing acute awareness; mentally perceptive* ; not unconscious; especially having become conscious* ; mentally responsive* ; noun a warning serves to make you more alert to danger* ; condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action* ; an automatic signal (usually a sound) warning of danger* ; verb warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of preparedness
  • aletris farinosa   noun colicroot having a scurfy or granuliferous perianth and white flowers; southeastern United States
  • aleve   noun a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trademarks Aleve and Anaprox and Aflaxen)
  • alfalfa   noun leguminous plant grown for hay or forage* ; important European leguminous forage plant with trifoliate leaves and blue violet flowers grown widely as a pasture and hay crop
  • alka seltzer   noun a commercial antacid; tablets dissolve in water to give an effervescent solution
  • alkeran   noun antineoplastic drug (trade name Alkeran) used to treat multiple myeloma and some other malignancies
  • allergen   noun any substance that can cause an allergy
  • allergy   noun hypersensitivity reaction to a particular allergen; symptoms can vary greatly in intensity
  • alleviate   verb provide physical relief, as from pain* ; make easier
  • allium   noun large genus of perennial and biennial pungent bulbous plants: garlic; leek; onion; chive; sometimes placed in family Alliaceae as the type genus
  • allium cepa   noun bulbous plant having hollow leaves cultivated worldwide for its rounded edible bulb
  • allium sativum   noun bulbous herb of southern Europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong flavored cloves
  • allopurinol   noun a drug (trade name Zyloprim) used to treat gout and other conditions in which there is an excessive buildup of uric acid
  • alloy   noun a mixture containing two or more metallic elements or metallic and nonmetallic elements usually fused together or dissolving into each other when molten* ; the state of impairing the quality or reducing the value of something* ; verb make an alloy of* ;lower in value by increasing the base metal content
  • allspice   noun ground dried berrylike fruit of a West Indian allspice tree; suggesting combined flavors of cinnamon and nutmeg and cloves* ; deciduous shrubs having aromatic bark; eastern China; southwestern and eastern United States* ; aromatic West Indian tree that produces allspice berries
  • almond   noun oval shaped edible seed of the almond tree* ; small bushy deciduous tree native to Asia and North Africa having pretty pink blossoms and highly prized edible nuts enclosed in a hard green hull; cultivated in southern Australia and California
  • alnus glutinosa   noun medium sized tree with brown black bark and woody fruiting catkins; leaves are hairy beneath
  • aloe   noun succulent plants having rosettes of leaves usually with fiber like hemp and spikes of showy flowers; found chiefly in Africa
  • alprazolam   noun an antianxiety agent (trade name Xanax) of the benzodiazepine class
  • alstonia scholaris   noun evergreen tree of eastern Asia and Philippines having large leathery leaves and small green white flowers in compact cymes; bark formerly used medicinally
  • alumina   noun any of various forms of aluminum oxide occurring naturally as corundum
  • ambrosia artemisiifolia   noun annual weed with finely divided foliage and spikes of green flowers; common in North America; introduced elsewhere accidentally
  • american   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of the continents and islands of the Americas* ; of or relating to the United States of America or its people or language or culture* ; noun a native or inhabitant of a North American or Central American or South American country* ; a native or inhabitant of the United States* ; the English language as used in the United States
  • american beech   noun North American forest tree with light green leaves and edible nuts
  • american cockroach   noun large reddish brown free flying cockroach originally from southern United States but now widely distributed
  • american elm   noun large ornamental tree with graceful gradually spreading branches common in eastern North America
  • american sycamore   noun very large spreading plane tree of eastern and central North America to Mexico
  • amethyst   adj. of a moderate purple color* ; noun a transparent purple variety of quartz; used as a gemstone
  • amino acid   noun organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group
  • aminophylline   noun a theophylline derivative that is used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of bronchial asthma, emphysema, and bronchitis
  • amitriptyline hydrochloride   noun a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
  • amlodipine besylate   noun a vasodilator (trade name Norvasc) taken in tablet form; prescribed for hypertension and angina pectoris
  • ammonia   noun a pungent gas compounded of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3)* ; a water solution of ammonia
  • amoeba   noun naked freshwater or marine or parasitic protozoa that form temporary pseudopods for feeding and locomotion
  • amoxicillin   noun an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • amoxil   noun an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • amphetamine sulfate   noun a sulfate derivative of amphetamine that is used as a stimulant for the central nervous system
  • ampicillin   noun semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK Ampicillin)
  • anacardium   noun type genus of the Anacardiaceae: cashew
  • anacardium occidentale   noun tropical American evergreen tree bearing kidney shaped nuts that are edible only when roasted
  • anagallis arvensis   noun herb with scarlet or white or purple blossoms that close at approach of rainy weather
  • analgesic   adj. capable of relieving pain* ; noun a medicine used to relieve pain
  • anaprox   noun a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trademarks Aleve and Anaprox and Aflaxen)
  • anesthetic   adj. characterized by insensibility* ; noun a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations
  • anew   adv. again but in a new or different way
  • angelica archangelica   noun a biennial cultivated herb; its stems are candied and eaten and its roots are used medicinally
  • anger   noun a strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance* ; the state of being angry* ;belligerence aroused by a real or supposed wrong (personified as one of the deadly sins)* ; verb make angry* ; become angry
  • anhydrous   adj. without water; especially without water of crystallization
  • anorectal   adj. pertaining to the anus and rectum considered together
  • ans   noun the part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles and heart and glands
  • ant   noun social insect living in organized colonies; characteristically the males and fertile queen have wings during breeding season; wingless sterile females are the workers
  • antabuse   noun a drug (trade name Antabuse) used in the treatment of alcoholism; causes nausea and vomiting if alcohol is ingested
  • antacid   adj. acting to neutralize acid (especially in the stomach)* ;noun an agent that counteracts or neutralizes acidity (especially in the stomach)
  • anthemis nobilis   noun Eurasian plant apple scented foliage and white rayed flowers and feathery leaves used medicinally; in some classification systems placed in genus Anthemis
  • antibacterial   adj. destroying bacteria or inhibiting their growth* ;noun any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
  • antibiotic   adj. of or relating to antibiotic drugs* ; noun a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections
  • antiemetic   noun a drug that prevents or alleviates nausea and vomiting
  • antifungal   adj. capable of destroying fungi* ; noun any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi
  • antimicrobial   adj. capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of disease causing microorganisms* ; noun an agent (as heat or radiation or a chemical) that destroys microorganisms that might carry disease
  • antiperspirant   noun an astringent substance applied to the skin to reduce perspiration
  • antiseptic   adj. (extended sense) of exceptionally clean language* ;clean and honest* ; thoroughly clean and free of or destructive to disease causing organisms* ; made free from live bacteria or other microorganisms* ; freeing from error or corruption* ; noun a substance that destroys micro organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues
  • antivenin   noun an antitoxin that counteracts the effects of venom from the bite of a snake or insect or other animal
  • anxiety   noun a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill defined) misfortune* ; a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
  • anxious   adj. eagerly desirous* ; causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  • apathy   noun the trait of lacking enthusiasm for or interest in things generally* ; an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
  • apis   noun type genus of the Apidae: honeybees
  • apis mellifera   noun social bee often domesticated for the honey it produces
  • apocynum androsaemifolium   noun North American perennial having pinkish flowers in loose cymes; used in folk medicine for pain or inflammation in joints
  • apocynum cannabinum   noun Canadian dogbane yielding a tough fiber used as cordage by native Americans; used in folk medicine for pain or inflammation in joints
  • applause   noun a demonstration of approval by clapping the hands together
  • apple   noun fruit with red or yellow or green skin and sweet to tart crisp whitish flesh* ; native Eurasian tree widely cultivated in many varieties for its firm rounded edible fruits
  • apricot   noun downy yellow to rosy colored fruit resembling a small peach* ; Asian tree having clusters of usually white blossoms and edible fruit resembling the peach* ; a shade of pink tinged with yellow
  • aquavit   noun Scandinavian liquor usually flavored with caraway seeds
  • aquilegia vulgaris   noun common European columbine having variously colored (white or blue to purple or red) short spurred flowers; naturalized in United States
  • aralia racemosa   noun unarmed woody rhizomatous perennial plant distinguished from wild sarsaparilla by more aromatic roots and panicled umbels; southeastern North America to Mexico
  • arava   noun an anti TNF compound (trade name Arava) that is given orally; can slow the progression of rheumatoid arthritis by slowing the proliferation of white blood cells which reduces inflammation in the synovium
  • argemone mexicana   noun annual herb with prickly stems and large yellow flowers; southern United States to West Indies and Mexico
  • aristolochia clematitis   noun creeping plant having curving flowers thought to resemble fetuses; native to Europe; naturalized Great Britain and eastern North America
  • arizona ash   noun small shrubby ash of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico
  • arnica   noun an ointment used in treating bruises* ; any of various rhizomatous usually perennial plants of the genus Arnica* ; used especially in treating bruises
  • arnica montana   noun herb of pasture and open woodland throughout most of Europe and western Asia having orange yellow daisylike flower heads that when dried are used as a stimulant and to treat bruises and swellings
  • arroyo willow   noun shrubby willow of the western United States
  • arsenic trioxide   noun a white powdered poisonous trioxide of arsenic; used in manufacturing glass and as a pesticide (rat poison) and weed killer
  • artemisia vulgaris   noun European tufted aromatic perennial herb having hairy red or purple stems and dark green leaves downy white below and red brown florets
  • artery   noun a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic* ; a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  • arthritis   noun inflammation of a joint or joints
  • artichoke   noun a thistlelike flower head with edible fleshy leaves and heart* ; Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head
  • arum maculatum   noun common European arum with lanceolate spathe and short purple spadix; emerges in early spring; source of a starch called arum
  • as   adv. to the same degree (often followed by `as')* ; noun a United States territory on the eastern part of the island of Samoa* ; a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
  • asafoetida   noun the brownish gum resin of various plants; has strong taste and odor; formerly used as an antispasmodic
  • asclepias tuberosa   noun erect perennial of eastern and southern United States having showy orange flowers
  • ascorbic acid   noun a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • asp   noun cobra used by the Pharaohs as a symbol of their power over life and death* ; of southern Europe; similar to but smaller than the adder
  • asparagus   noun edible young shoots of the asparagus plant* ; plant whose succulent young shoots are cooked and eaten as a vegetable
  • aspartame   noun an artificial sweetener made from aspartic acid; used as a calorie free sweetener
  • aspen   noun any of several trees of the genus Populus having leaves on flattened stalks so that they flutter in the lightest wind
  • aspergillus   noun genus of common molds causing food spoilage and some pathogenic to plants and animals
  • aspirin   noun the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • ass kisser   noun someone who humbles himself as a sign of respect; who behaves as if he had no self respect
  • asthma   noun respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • astringent   adj. tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue* ; sour or bitter in taste* ; noun a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals
  • atenolol   noun an oral beta blocker (trade name Tenormin) used in treating hypertension and angina; has adverse side effects (depression and exacerbation of congestive heart failure etc.)
  • ativan   noun tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia
  • atlantic cod   noun one of the world's most important commercial fishes
  • atropine   noun a poisonous crystalline alkaloid extracted from the nightshade family; used as an antispasmodic and to dilate the eye pupil; also administered in large amounts as an antidote for organophosphate nerve agents or organophosphate insecticides
  • atrovent   noun an inhaled bronchodilator (trade name Atrovent)
  • attention span   noun the length of time you can concentrate on some idea or activity
  • attitude   noun a theatrical pose created for effect* ; a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways* ; position of aircraft or spacecraft relative to a frame of reference (the horizon or direction of motion)* ;the arrangement of the body and its limbs
  • augmentin   noun an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • aurora   noun (Roman mythology) goddess of the dawn; counterpart of Greek Eos* ; an atmospheric phenomenon consisting of bands of light caused by charged solar particles following the earth's magnetic lines of force* ; the first light of day
  • australian pine   noun common Australian tree widely grown as an ornamental in tropical regions; yields heavy hard red wood
  • austrian   adj. of or relating to Austria or its people or culture* ; nouna native or inhabitant of Austria
  • avena sativa   noun widely cultivated in temperate regions for its edible grains
  • avocado   adj. of the dull yellowish green of the meat of an avocado* ; noun a pear shaped tropical fruit with green or blackish skin and rich yellowish pulp enclosing a single large seed* ; tropical American tree bearing large pulpy green fruits
  • avon   noun a county in southwestern England* ; a river in central England that flows through Stratford on Avon and empties into the Severn* ; a river in southwestern England rising in Gloucestershire and flowing through Bristol to empty into the estuary of the Severn
  • awake   adj. not in a state of sleep; completely conscious* ; (usually followed by `to') showing acute awareness; mentally perceptive* ; not unconscious; especially having become conscious* ; verb stop sleeping
  • awaken   verb cause to become awake or conscious* ; make aware* ;stop sleeping
  • axe   noun an edge tool with a heavy bladed head mounted across a handle* ; verb chop or split with an ax* ; terminate
  • azactam   noun an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects
  • azadirachta indica   noun large semi evergreen tree of the East Indies; trunk exudes a tenacious gum; bitter bark used as a tonic; seeds yield an aromatic oil; sometimes placed in genus Melia
  • azathioprine   noun an immunosuppressive drug (trade name Imuran) used to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ
  • azo   adj. relating to or containing the azo radical
  • aztreonam   noun an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Also see

Medical dictionary
Medical dictionary

Comprehensive dictionary of medicine | Encyclopedia of medicine | List of medicines A-Z | List of medical terms | Cancer terms | Cancer drugs | Health topics | Rare diseases

Glossaries, dictionaries and lists in WikiMD





W8MD weight loss logo

Ad. Tired of being overweight?. W8MD's insurance Weight loss program can HELP*

Weight loss tips | Lose weight King of Prussia, PA | W8MD's medical weight loss | Lose weight New York City | Lose weight Philadelphia | Lose weight NYC | Weight loss Brooklyn NY | Advertise

Quick links: Medicine Portal | Encyclopedia‏‎‏‎ | Gray's Anatomy‏‎ | Topics‏‎ |‏‎ Diseases‏‎ | Drugs | Wellness | Obesity‏‎ | Metabolic syndrome | Weight loss*
Disclaimer: The entire contents of WIKIMD.ORG are for informational purposes only and do not render medical advice or professional services. If you have a medical emergency, you should CALL 911 immediately! Given the nature of the wiki, the information provided may not be accurate, misleading and or incorrect. Use the information on this wiki at your own risk! See full Disclaimer.
Link to this page: <a href="http://www.wikimd.org/wiki/A-Z_list_of_medicines_A">A-Z list of medicines A</a>

  • Individual results may vary for weight loss from our sponsors.