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A-Z list of medicines A

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  • Acetaminophen  an analgesic for mild pain; also used as an antipyretic; (Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, and Anacin III are trademarks of brands of acetaminophen tablets)
  • Acetic acid  a colorless pungent liquid widely used in manufacturing plastics and pharmaceuticals
  • Achromycin  an antibiotic (trade name Achromycin) derived from microorganisms of the genus Streptomyces and used broadly to treat infections
  • Acid  having the characteristics of an acid; harsh or corrosive in tone; being sour to the taste;  street name for lysergic acid diethylamide; any of various water soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
  • Acth  a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • Actifed  trade name for a drug containing an antihistamine and a decongestant; used to treat upper respiratory conditions and minor allergies
  • Activase  a thrombolytic agent (trade name Activase) that causes fibrinolysis at the site of a blood clot; used in treating acute myocardial infarction
  • Activation  making active and effective (as a bomb); stimulation of activity in an organism or chemical; the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • Acular  nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trade names Acular and Toradol) that is administered only intramuscularly
  • Acyclovir  an oral antiviral drug (trade name Zovirax) used to treat genital herpes; does not cure the disease but relieves the symptoms
  • Adenosine  (biochemistry) a nucleoside that is a structural component of nucleic acids; it is present in all living cells in a combined form as a constituent of DNA and RNA and ADP and ATP and AMP
  • Adrenalin  a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • Adult  (of animals) fully developed;  any mature animal; a fully developed person from maturity onward
  • Advil  a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory medicine (trade names Advil and Motrin and Nuprin) used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an analgesic and antipyretic
  • Aerosol  a dispenser that holds a substance under pressure and that can release it as a fine spray (usually by means of a propellant gas); a cloud of solid or liquid particles in a gas
  • Albuterol  a bronchodilator (trade names Ventolin or Proventil) used for asthma and emphysema and other lung conditions; available in oral or inhalant forms; side effects are tachycardia and shakiness
  • Alcohol  a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent; any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • Aldactone  a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
  • Aldomet  antihypertensive drug (trade name Aldomet) used in the treatment of high blood pressure
  • Aleve  a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trademarks Aleve and Anaprox and Aflaxen)
  • Alkeran  antineoplastic drug (trade name Alkeran) used to treat multiple myeloma and some other malignancies
  • Allay verb satisfy (thirst); lessen the intensity of or calm
  • Allopurinol  a drug (trade name Zyloprim) used to treat gout and other conditions in which there is an excessive buildup of uric acid
  • Alpha  early testing stage of a software or hardware product; first in order of importance;  the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet; the beginning of a series or sequence
  • Alprazolam  an antianxiety agent (trade name Xanax) of the benzodiazepine class
  • Aluminum hydroxide  white crystalline compound that occurs naturally as the mineral gibbsite
  • Alupent  a bronchodilator (trade name Alupent) used to treat asthma and emphysema and other lung conditions; available in oral or inhalant forms; side effects include tachycardia and shakiness
  • Amen  a primeval Egyptian personification of air and breath; worshipped especially at Thebes
  • Aminophylline  a theophylline derivative that is used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of bronchial asthma, emphysema, and bronchitis
  • Amitriptyline hydrochloride  a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
  • Amlodipine besylate  a vasodilator (trade name Norvasc) taken in tablet form; prescribed for hypertension and angina pectoris
  • Amoxicillin  an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • Amoxil  an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • Amp  the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
  • Amphetamine  a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
  • Amphetamine sulfate  a sulfate derivative of amphetamine that is used as a stimulant for the central nervous system
  • Ampicillin  semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK Ampicillin)
  • Amylase  any of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants; help convert starch to sugar
  • Anaprox  a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trademarks Aleve and Anaprox and Aflaxen)
  • Android  an automaton that resembles a human being
  • Anhydrous  without water; especially without water of crystallization
  • Ansaid  a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trade name Ansaid) that is administered only orally
  • Antabuse  a drug (trade name Antabuse) used in the treatment of alcoholism; causes nausea and vomiting if alcohol is ingested
  • Antitussive  any medicine used to suppress or relieve coughing
  • Antivert  an antihistamine (trade name Antivert) used to treat or prevent motion sickness
  • Apresoline  an antihypertensive drug (trade name Apresoline) that dilates blood vessels; used (often with a diuretic) to treat hypertension and congestive heart failure
  • Arava  an anti TNF compound (trade name Arava) that is given orally; can slow the progression of rheumatoid arthritis by slowing the proliferation of white blood cells which reduces inflammation in the synovium
  • Aristocort  a synthetic corticosteroid (trade names Aristocort or Aristopak or Kenalog) used as an anti inflammatory agent
  • Arsenic trioxide  a white powdered poisonous trioxide of arsenic; used in manufacturing glass and as a pesticide (rat poison) and weed killer
  • Ascorbic acid  a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • Asparaginase  antineoplastic drug (trade name Elspar) sometimes used to treat lymphoblastic leukemia
  • Aspirin  the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • Atarax  a drug (trade names Atarax and Vistaril) used as a tranquilizer to treat anxiety and motion sickness
  • Atenolol  an oral beta blocker (trade name Tenormin) used in treating hypertension and angina; has adverse side effects (depression and exacerbation of congestive heart failure etc.)
  • Ativan  tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia
  • Atromid s  a drug (trade name Atromid S) that reduces lipids in the blood serum; used to treat some cardiovascular diseases
  • Atropine  a poisonous crystalline alkaloid extracted from the nightshade family; used as an antispasmodic and to dilate the eye pupil; also administered in large amounts as an antidote for organophosphate nerve agents or organophosphate insecticides
  • Atrovent  an inhaled bronchodilator (trade name Atrovent)
  • Augmented  added to or made greater in amount or number or strength
  • Augmentin  an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • Aureomycin  a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trade name Aureomycin) used to treat certain bacterial and rickettsial diseases
  • Autoinjector  a hypodermic syringe to use in injecting yourself with a liquid
  • Azactam  an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects
  • Azathioprine  an immunosuppressive drug (trade name Imuran) used to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ
  • Aztreonam  an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects

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