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A-Z list of medicines C

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  • Caffeine  a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  • Calan  a drug (trade names Calan and Isoptin) used as an oral or parenteral calcium blocker in cases of hypertension or congestive heart failure or angina or migraine
  • Calcium  a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • Calcium carbonate  a salt found in nature as chalk or calcite or aragonite or limestone
  • Capoten  a drug (trade name Capoten) that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidneys resulting in vasodilation; used in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure
  • Capsaicin  colorless pungent crystalline compound derived from capsicum; source of the hotness of hot peppers of the genus Capsicum such as chili and cayenne and jalapeno
  • Capsule  a pill in the form of a small rounded gelatinous container with medicine inside; a small container; a structure that encloses a body part; a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore containing structure of e.g. mosses; a pilot's seat in an airplane that can be forcibly ejected in the case of an emergency; then the pilot descends by parachute; a spacecraft designed to transport people and support human life in outer space; a shortened version of a written work; verb enclose in a capsule; put in a short or concise form; reduce in volume
  • Captopril  a drug (trade name Capoten) that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidneys resulting in vasodilation; used in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure
  • Carafate  medicine consisting of a tablet (trade name Carafate) used to treat peptic ulcers; said to bind to the ulcer site and coat it
  • Carbon dioxide  a heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances; absorbed from the air by plants in photosynthesis
  • Cardiac  of or relating to the heart
  • Cardizem  a calcium blocker (trade name Cardizem) used in treating hypertension or angina or heart failure
  • Cartridge  ammunition consisting of a cylindrical casing containing an explosive charge and a bullet; fired from a rifle or handgun; an electro acoustic transducer that is the part of the arm of a record player that holds the needle and that is removable; a module designed to be inserted into a larger piece of equipment; a light tight supply chamber holding the film and supplying it for exposure as required
  • Carvedilol  beta blocker that can reduce the progression of heart failure in individuals whose disease is not advanced
  • Cataflam  a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trade name Cataflam)
  • Catapres  an antihypertensive (trade name Catapres) that can be administered orally or via transdermal patches
  • Cefadroxil  a cephalosporin antibiotic (trade name Ultracef)
  • Cefobid  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Cefobid) used for severe infections
  • Cefotaxime  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Claforan) used for severe infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
  • Ceftazidime  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade names Fortaz and Tazicef) used to treat moderate infections
  • Ceftin  a cephalosporin that can be given parenterally (trade name Zinacef) or orally by tablets (trade name Ceftin); indicated for infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract or meninges
  • Ceftriaxone  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Rocephin) used for severe infection of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
  • Cefuroxime  a cephalosporin that can be given parenterally (trade name Zinacef) or orally by tablets (trade name Ceftin); indicated for infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract or meninges
  • Celebrex  a Cox 2 inhibitor (trade name Celebrex) that relieves pain without harming the digestive tract
  • Celecoxib  a Cox 2 inhibitor (trade name Celebrex) that relieves pain without harming the digestive tract
  • Cephalexin  an oral cephalosporin (trade names Keflex and Keflin and Keftab) commonly prescribe for mild to moderately severe infections of the skin or ears or throat or lungs or urinary tract
  • Cephaloglycin  antibiotic related to cephalosporin but no longer in common use
  • Cephalothin  a semisynthetic analogue of cephalosporin
  • Chewing  biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow
  • Chlor trimeton  an antihistamine (trade names Coricidin and Chlor Trimeton)
  • Chlorambucil  an alkalating agent (trade name Leukeran) used to treat some kinds of cancer
  • Chloramphenicol  an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
  • Chlordiazepoxide  a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
  • Chloride  any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion); any compound containing a chlorine atom
  • Chloromycetin  an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
  • Chlorothiazide  a diuretic drug (trade name Diuril) used in the treatment of edema and hypertension
  • Chlorpromazine  a drug (trade name Thorazine) derived from phenothiazine that has antipsychotic effects and is used as a sedative and tranquilizer
  • Chlorthalidone  a diuretic (trade names Hygroton and Thalidone) used to control hypertension and conditions that cause edema; effective in lowering blood pressure to prevent heart attacks
  • Cholic acid  an insoluble crystalline acid present in bile
  • Cialis  virility drug (trade name Cialis) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • Cimetidine  a drug (trade name Tagamet) used to treat peptic ulcers by decreasing the secretion of stomach acid
  • Cipro  an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
  • Ciprofloxacin  an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
  • Citric acid  a weak water soluble acid found in many fruits (especially citrus fruits); used as a flavoring agent
  • Claforan  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Claforan) used for severe infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
  • Clinoril  a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trade name Clinoril)
  • Clioquinol  drug used to treat certain fungal infection (as athlete's foot)
  • Clofibrate  a drug (trade name Atromid S) that reduces lipids in the blood serum; used to treat some cardiovascular diseases
  • Clomid  a fertility drug (trade name Clomid) that is used to stimulate ovulation and that has been associated with multiple births
  • Clomiphene citrate  a fertility drug (trade name Clomid) that is used to stimulate ovulation and that has been associated with multiple births
  • Clonidine  an antihypertensive (trade name Catapres) that can be administered orally or via transdermal patches
  • Clopidogrel bisulfate  a blood thinner (trade name Plavix) approved for the treatment of mild heart attacks; works by preventing blood platelets from sticking together to form clots that would restrict blood flow
  • Cloth  artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers
  • Clozapine  an antipsychotic drug (trade name Clozaril) used as a sedative and for treatment resistant schizophrenia; know to have few side effects
  • Clozaril  an antipsychotic drug (trade name Clozaril) used as a sedative and for treatment resistant schizophrenia; know to have few side effects
  • Codeine  derivative of opium; used as an antitussive (to relieve coughing) and an analgesic (to relive pain)
  • Cold  lacking the warmth of life; of a seeker; far from the object sought; unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication; feeling or showing no enthusiasm; having lost freshness through passage of time; used of physical coldness; having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration; extended meanings; especially of psychological coldness; without human warmth or emotion; without compunction or human feeling; sexually unresponsive; so intense as to be almost uncontrollable; no longer new; uninteresting; marked by errorless familiarity; (color) giving no sensation of warmth;  the sensation produced by low temperatures; a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs); the absence of heat
  • Collagenase  any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of collagen and gelatin
  • Compound  of leaf shapes; of leaves composed of several similar parts or lobes; consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts; composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony;  an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient); a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts; (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight; verb put or add together; combine so as to form a whole; mix; create by mixing or combining; calculate principal and interest; make more intense, stronger, or more marked
  • Concentrate  a concentrated example; a concentrated form of a foodstuff; the bulk is reduced by removing water; the desired mineral that is left after impurities have been removed from mined ore; verb make (the solvent of a solution) dense or denser; direct one's attention on something; draw together or meet in one common center; cook until very little liquid is left; be cooked until very little liquid is left; make more concise; compress or concentrate; make central
  • Conjugated  of an organic compound; containing two or more double bonds each separated from the other by a single bond; formed by the union of two compounds; joined together especially in a pair or pairs
  • Copper  any of various small butterflies of the family Lycaenidae having coppery wings; a reddish brown color resembling the color of polished copper; a copper penny; a ductile malleable reddish brown corrosion resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor; uncomplimentary terms for a policeman; verb coat with a layer of copper
  • Cordarone  an antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Cordarone) that has potentially fatal side effects and is used to control serious heart rhythm problems only when safer agents have been ineffective
  • Corgard  a beta adrenergic blocking agent (trade name Corgard) that is used to treat hypertension and angina
  • Cortef  an adrenal cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • Corticotropin  a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • Coumadin  an anticoagulant (trade name Coumadin) use to prevent and treat a thrombus or embolus
  • Cream  toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin; the part of milk containing the butterfat; the best people or things in a group; verb add cream to one's coffee, for example; put on cream, as on one's face or body; beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight; make creamy by beating; remove from the surface
  • Creon  (Greek mythology) the brother of Jocasta and uncle of Antigone who became king of Thebes after the fall of Oedipus
  • Crixivan  a protease inhibitor (trade name Crixivan) used for treating HIV
  • Cupric sulfate  a copper salt made by the action of sulfuric acid on copper oxide
  • Cuprimine  a drug (trade name Cuprimine) used to treat heavy metal poisoning and Wilson's disease and severe arthritis
  • Cycloserine  an antibiotic that is especially active against the tubercle bacillus
  • Cylinder  a cylindrical container for oxygen or compressed air; a chamber within which piston moves; a solid bounded by a cylindrical surface and two parallel planes (the bases); a surface generated by rotating a parallel line around a fixed line

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