A-Z list of medicines G

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  • g   noun the 7th letter of the Roman alphabet* ; a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated* ; (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation* ; a unit of information equal to one billion (1,073,741,824) bytes or 1024 megabytes* ; a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram* ; one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)* ; a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
  • gaba   noun an amino acid that is found in the central nervous system; acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter
  • galega officinalis   noun tall bushy European perennial grown for its pinnate foliage and slender spikes of blue flowers; sometimes used medicinally
  • galium aparine   noun annual having the stem beset with curved prickles; North America and Europe and Asia
  • gallic acid   noun a colorless crystalline acid obtained from tannin
  • gallium   noun a rare silvery (usually trivalent) metallic element; brittle at low temperatures but liquid above room temperature; occurs in trace amounts in bauxite and zinc ores
  • garlic   noun aromatic bulb used as seasoning* ; bulbous herb of southern Europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong flavored cloves
  • garnier   noun French architect (1825 1898)
  • gaultheria procumbens   noun creeping shrub of eastern North America having white bell shaped flowers followed by spicy red berrylike fruit and shiny aromatic leaves that yield wintergreen oil
  • gel   noun a colloid in a more solid form than a sol* ; a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects* ; verb become a gel* ; apply a styling gel to
  • gelsemium   noun evergreen twining shrubs of Americas and southeastern Asia
  • gelsemium sempervirens   noun poisonous woody evergreen vine of southeastern United States having fragrant yellow funnel shaped flowers
  • gemfibrozil   noun medication (trade name Lopid) used to lower the levels of triglyceride in the blood
  • gentamicin   noun an antibiotic (trade name Garamycin) that is derived from an actinomycete; used in treating infections of the urinary tract
  • gentiana lutea   noun robust European perennial having clusters of yellow flowers
  • geranium maculatum   noun common wild geranium of eastern North America with deeply parted leaves and rose purple flowers
  • geranium robertianum   noun a sticky low herb with small reddish purple flowers; widespread in the northern hemisphere
  • german   adj. of or pertaining to or characteristic of Germany or its people or language* ; of a more or less German nature; somewhat German* ; noun the standard German language; developed historically from West Germanic* ; a person of German nationality
  • giant   adj. of great mass; huge and bulky* ; noun any creature of exceptional size* ; an unusually large enterprise* ; an imaginary figure of superhuman size and strength; appears in folklore and fair tales* ;someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful* ; a very large person; impressive in size or qualities* ; a very bright star of large diameter and low density (relative to the Sun)* ; a person of exceptional importance and reputation
  • ginger   adj. (used especially of hair or fur) having a bright orange brown color* ; noun pungent rhizome of the common ginger plant; used fresh as a seasoning especially in Oriental cookery* ; dried ground gingerroot* ; perennial plants having thick branching aromatic rhizomes and leafy reedlike stems* ; liveliness and energy* ; verb add ginger to in order to add flavor
  • gingiva   noun the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth
  • ginkgo   noun deciduous dioecious Chinese tree having fan shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seeds; exists almost exclusively in cultivation especially as an ornamental street tree
  • ginkgo biloba   noun deciduous dioecious Chinese tree having fan shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seeds; exists almost exclusively in cultivation especially as an ornamental street tree
  • ginseng   noun Chinese herb with palmately compound leaves and small greenish flowers and forked aromatic roots believed to have medicinal powers* ; aromatic root of ginseng plants
  • glaucoma   noun increased pressure in the eyeball due to obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor; damages the optic disc and impairs vision (sometimes progressing to blindness)
  • glint   noun a spatially localized brightness* ; a momentary flash of light* ; verb be shiny, as if wet* ; throw a glance at; take a brief look at
  • glucagon   noun a hormone secreted by the pancreas; stimulates increases in blood sugar levels in the blood (thus opposing the action of insulin)
  • glucophage   noun an antidiabetic drug (trade name Glucophage) prescribed to treat type II diabetes
  • glucose   noun a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • glucotrol   noun an oral antidiabetic drug (trade name Glucotrol) that stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas
  • glyburide   noun an oral antidiabetic drug (trade names DiaBeta and Micronase) that stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas
  • glycerin   noun a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • glycine   noun genus of Asiatic erect or sprawling herbs: soya bean* ;the simplest amino acid found in proteins and the principal amino acid in sugar cane
  • glycyrrhiza glabra   noun deep rooted coarse textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots
  • gold   adj. made from or covered with gold* ; having the deep slightly brownish color of gold* ; noun something likened to the metal in brightness or preciousness or superiority etc.* ; great wealth* ; coins made of gold* ; a soft yellow malleable ductile (trivalent and univalent) metallic element; occurs mainly as nuggets in rocks and alluvial deposits; does not react with most chemicals but is attacked by chlorine and aqua regia* ; a deep yellow color
  • goldenrod   noun any of numerous chiefly summer blooming and fall blooming North American plants especially of the genus Solidago
  • good morning   noun a conventional expression of greeting or farewell
  • goose   noun web footed long necked typically gregarious migratory aquatic birds usually larger and less aquatic than ducks* ; flesh of a goose (domestic or wild)* ; a man who is a stupid incompetent fool* ;verb give a spurt of fuel to* ; prod into action* ; pinch in the buttocks
  • gossipy   adj. prone to friendly informal communication
  • gossypium herbaceum   noun Old World annual having heart shaped leaves and large seeds with short greyish lint removed with difficulty; considered an ancestor of modern short staple cottons
  • gout   noun a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
  • grama grass   noun pasture grass of plains of South America and western North America
  • grape   noun any of various juicy fruit of the genus Vitis with green or purple skins; grow in clusters* ; any of numerous woody vines of genus Vitis bearing clusters of edible berries
  • graphite   noun used as a lubricant and as a moderator in nuclear reactors
  • grass   noun German writer of novels and poetry and plays (born 1927)* ; narrow leaved green herbage: grown as lawns; used as pasture for grazing animals; cut and dried as hay* ; street names for marijuana* ; animal food for browsing or grazing* ; verb shoot down, of birds* ; feed with grass* ; cover with grass* ; spread out clothes on the grass to let it dry and bleach* ; cover with grass* ; give away information about somebody
  • gray   adj. of an achromatic color of any lightness intermediate between the extremes of white and black* ; darkened with overcast* ;intermediate in character or position* ; used to signify the Confederate forces in the American Civil War (who wore grey uniforms)* ; showing characteristics of age, especially having grey or white hair* ; noun a neutral achromatic color midway between white and black* ; United States botanist who specialized in North American flora and who was an early supporter of Darwin's theories of evolution (1810 1888)* ; American navigator who twice circumnavigated the globe and who discovered the Columbia River (1755 1806)* ; English poet best known for his elegy written in a country churchyard (1716 1771)* ;horse of a light gray or whitish color* ; clothing that is a grey color* ;any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are grey* ; verbturn grey* ; make grey
  • greasewood   noun low hardy much branched spiny shrub common in alkaline soils of western America
  • green   adj. of the color between blue and yellow in the color spectrum; similar to the color of fresh grass* ; not fully developed or mature; not ripe* ; looking pale and unhealthy* ; concerned with or supporting or in conformity with the political principles of the Green Party* ; naive and easily deceived or tricked* ; noun green color or pigment; resembling the color of growing grass* ; an area of closely cropped grass surrounding the hole on a golf course* ; a river that rises in western Wyoming and flows southward through Utah to become a tributary of the Colorado River* ; an environmentalist who belongs to the Green Party* ; United States labor leader who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1924 to 1952 and who led the struggle with the Congress of Industrial Organizations (1873 1952)* ; street names for ketamine* ; any of various leafy plants or their leaves and stems eaten as vegetables* ; a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area* ; verb turn or become green
  • green olive   noun olives picked green and pickled in brine; infrequently stuffed with e.g. pimento
  • green pepper   noun a sweet pepper that becomes red when ripe
  • grief   noun something that causes great unhappiness* ; intense sorrow caused by loss of a loved one (especially by death)
  • grindelia   noun large genus of coarse gummy herbs of western North and Central America
  • grippe   noun an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  • griseofulvin   noun a kind of penicillin (a fungicidal antibiotic with the trade name Fulvicin) produced by molds of the genus Penicillium
  • groundsel   noun Eurasian weed with heads of small yellow flowers
  • groundsel tree   noun a shrub of salt marshes of eastern and south central North America and West Indies; fruit is surrounded with white plumelike hairy tufts
  • growing pains   noun problems that arise in enlarging an enterprise (especially in the early stages)* ; emotional distress arising during adolescence* ; pain in muscles or joints sometimes experienced by children and often attributed to rapid growth
  • growth hormone   noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland; promotes growth in humans
  • guaiacum   noun small genus of evergreen resinous trees or shrubs of warm and tropical America* ; medicinal resin from the lignum vitae tree* ; hard greenish brown wood of the lignum vitae tree and other trees of the genus Guaiacum
  • guardian   adj. providing protective supervision; watching over or safeguarding* ; noun a person who cares for persons or property
  • guilt   noun remorse caused by feeling responsible for some offence* ; the state of having committed an offense
  • gum   noun any of various substances (soluble in water) that exude from certain plants; they are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying* ; the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth* ; a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing* ; any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum* ; wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum* ;cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesive* ;verb exude or form gum* ; become sticky* ; cover, fill, fix or smear with or as if with gum* ; grind with the gums; chew without teeth and with great difficulty
  • gum arabic   noun gum from an acacia tree; used as a thickener (especially in candies and pharmaceuticals)
  • gunpowder   noun a mixture of potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur in a 75:15:10 ratio which is used in gunnery, time fuses, and fireworks

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