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A-Z list of medicines L

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  • Labetalol hydrochloride    antihypertensive drug (trade names Trandate and Normodyne) that blocks alpha and beta adrenergic receptors of the sympathetic nervous system (leading to a decrease in blood pressure)
  • Lactic acid    a clear odorless hygroscopic syrupy carboxylic acid found in sour milk and in many fruits
  • Lamisil    an oral antifungal drug (trade name Lamisil) used to treat cases of fungal nail disease
  • Lamivudine    a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor that is very effective in combination with zidovudine in treating AIDS and HIV
  • Lanoxin    digitalis preparation (trade name Lanoxin) used to treat congestive heart failure or cardiac arrhythmia; helps the heart beat more forcefully
  • Lansoprazole    antacid (trade name Prevacid) that suppresses acid secretion in the stomach
  • Larodopa    the levorotatory form of dopa (trade names Bendopa and Brocadopa and Larodopa); as a drug it is used to treat Parkinson's disease
  • Larotid    an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • Lasix    commonly used diuretic (trade name Lasix) used to treat hypertension and edema
  • Ledercillin vk    a form of penicillin V (trade name Ledercillin VK)
  • Leflunomide    an anti TNF compound (trade name Arava) that is given orally; can slow the progression of rheumatoid arthritis by slowing the proliferation of white blood cells which reduces inflammation in the synovium
  • Lescol    least expensive statin drug (trade name Lescol); usually taken orally at bedtime
  • Leukeran    an alkalating agent (trade name Leukeran) used to treat some kinds of cancer
  • Levitra    virility drug (trade name Levitra) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • Levodopa    the levorotatory form of dopa (trade names Bendopa and Brocadopa and Larodopa); as a drug it is used to treat Parkinson's disease
  • Libritabs    a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
  • Librium    a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
  • Lidocaine    a local anesthetic (trade names Lidocaine and Xylocaine) used topically on the skin and mucous membranes
  • Lincocin    antibiotic (trade name Lincocin) obtained from a streptomyces bacterium and used in the treatment of certain penicillin resistant infections
  • Lincomycin    antibiotic (trade name Lincocin) obtained from a streptomyces bacterium and used in the treatment of certain penicillin resistant infections
  • Lindane    a white crystalline powder used as an agricultural insecticide
  • Lipase    an enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the breakdown of fats into individual fatty acids that can be absorbed into the bloodstream
  • Lipitor    an oral drug (trade name Lipitor) that is effective in lowering triglycerides; potent in reducing LDL cholesterol because higher doses can be given
  • Lipo hepin    a polysaccharide produced in basophils (especially in the lung and liver) and that inhibits the activity of thrombin in coagulation of the blood; it (trade names Lipo Hepin and Liquaemin) is used as an anticoagulant in the treatment of thrombosis and in heart surgery
  • Liquid    clear and bright; smooth and flowing in quality; entirely free of harshness; existing as or having characteristics of a liquid; especially tending to flow; filled or brimming with tears; in cash or easily convertible to cash; smooth and unconstrained in movement; changed from a solid to a liquid state;  a frictionless continuant that is not a nasal consonant (especially `l' and `r'); the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility; a substance in the fluid state of matter having no fixed shape but a fixed volume; a substance that is liquid at room temperature and pressure
  • Liquid pred    a dehydrogenated analogue of cortisol (trade names Orasone or Deltasone or Liquid Pred or Meticorten); used as an anti inflammatory drug in the treatment of arthritis and as an immunosuppressant
  • Lisinopril    an ACE inhibiting drug (trade names Prinival or Zestril) administered as an antihypertensive and after heart attacks
  • Lithane    a white powder (LiCO3) used in manufacturing glass and ceramics and as a drug; the drug (trade names Lithane or Lithonate or Eskalith) is used to treat some forms of depression and manic episodes of manic depressive disorder
  • Lithium carbonate    a white powder (LiCO3) used in manufacturing glass and ceramics and as a drug; the drug (trade names Lithane or Lithonate or Eskalith) is used to treat some forms of depression and manic episodes of manic depressive disorder
  • Lithonate    a white powder (LiCO3) used in manufacturing glass and ceramics and as a drug; the drug (trade names Lithane or Lithonate or Eskalith) is used to treat some forms of depression and manic episodes of manic depressive disorder
  • Lodine    a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trade name Lodine)
  • Loestrin    trade name for an oral contraceptive containing estradiol and norethindrone
  • Lomotil    trade name of an antidiarrheal
  • Lomustine    an antineoplastic drug often used to treat brain tumors or Hodgkin's disease
  • Loniten    a vasodilator (trade name Loniten) used to treat severe hypertension; one side effect is hirsutism so it is also sold (trade name Rogaine) as a treatment for male patterned baldness
  • Lopid    medication (trade name Lopid) used to lower the levels of triglyceride in the blood
  • Lopressor    beta blocker (trade name Lopressor) used in treating hypertension and angina and arrhythmia and acute myocardial infarction; has adverse side effects (depression and exacerbation of congestive heart failure etc.)
  • Lorazepam    tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia
  • Lorfan    drug (trade name Lorfan) that is related to morphine but that counteracts the respiratory depression produced by morphine poisoning but without affecting its analgesic effects
  • Lotion    any of various cosmetic preparations that are applied to the skin; liquid preparation having a soothing or antiseptic or medicinal action when applied to the skin
  • Lovastatin    an oral drug (trade name Mevacor) to reduce blood cholesterol levels; used when dietary changes have proved inadequate
  • Loxapine    a tranquilizer (trade name Loxitane) used to treat schizophrenia
  • Loxitane    a tranquilizer (trade name Loxitane) used to treat schizophrenia
  • Lozenge    a small aromatic or medicated candy; a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet
  • Lyophilized    used of tissue or blood or serum or other biological substances; dried by freezing in a high vacuum
  • Lypressin    an antidiuretic and vasoconstrictor used to treat diabetes insipidus

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