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A-Z list of medicines M

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  • Macrodantin    derivative of nitrofuran used as an antibacterial medicine (trade name Macrodantin) effective against a broad range of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria; used to treat infections of the urinary tract
  • Magnesium carbonate    a very white crystalline salt that occurs naturally as magnesite or as dolomite
  • Magnesium oxide    a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase; a source of magnesium
  • Malathion    a yellow insecticide used as a dust or spray to control garden pests and house flies and mites
  • Mannitol    a diuretic (trade name Osmitrol) used to promote the excretion of urine
  • Marplan    a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (trade name Marplan) that is used to treat clinical depression
  • Maxzide    trade name for an antihypertensive drug containing hydrochlorothiazide and another diuretic
  • Mcg    one millionth (1/1,000,000) gram
  • Mebendazole    an anthelmintic used to treat hookworm and pinworm and roundworm infestations
  • Meclofenamate sodium    a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory (trade name Meclomen) used to treat arthritis
  • Meclomen    a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory (trade name Meclomen) used to treat arthritis
  • Mefenamic acid    a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory and analgesic drug (trade name Ponstel) used to treat mild pain (especially menstrual cramps)
  • Mefloquine hydrochloride    an antimalarial drug (trade name Larium and Mephaquine) that is effective in cases that do not respond to chloroquine; said to produce harmful neuropsychiatric effects on some people
  • Mefoxin    one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity
  • Megestrol acetate    a synthetic progestational compound used to treat endometrial carcinoma
  • Mellaril    a tranquilizer (trade name Mellaril) used to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
  • Melphalan    antineoplastic drug (trade name Alkeran) used to treat multiple myeloma and some other malignancies
  • Menthol    a lotion containing menthol which gives it the smell of mint; a crystalline compound that has the cool and minty taste and odor that occurs naturally in peppermint oil; used as a flavoring and in medicine to relieve itching, pain, and nasal congestion
  • Mephenytoin    a toxic anticonvulsant drug (trade name Mesantoin) used in the treatment of epilepsy when less toxic anticonvulsants have been ineffective
  • Meprobamate    a sedative and tranquilizer (trade name Miltown and Equanil and Meprin) used to treat muscle tension and anxiety
  • Meq    one thousandth of an equivalent
  • Mercaptopurine    a drug (trade name Purinethol) that interferes with the metabolism of purine and is used to treat acute lymphocytic leukemia
  • Mesantoin    a toxic anticonvulsant drug (trade name Mesantoin) used in the treatment of epilepsy when less toxic anticonvulsants have been ineffective
  • Mestranol    a synthetic form of estrogen used in combination with a progestin in oral contraceptives
  • Methadone hydrochloride    synthetic narcotic drug similar to morphine but less habit forming; used in narcotic detoxification and maintenance of heroin addiction
  • Methamphetamine hydrochloride    an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant
  • Metharbital    anticonvulsant drug (trade name Gemonil) used in the treatment of epilepsy
  • Methocarbamol    muscle relaxant for skeletal muscles (trade name Robaxin) used to treat spasms
  • Methotrexate    toxic antimetabolite that limits cellular reproduction by acting as an antagonist to folic acid; used to treat certain cancers and psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Methotrexate sodium    toxic antimetabolite that limits cellular reproduction by acting as an antagonist to folic acid; used to treat certain cancers and psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Methyl salicylate    a liquid ester with a strong odor of wintergreen; applied externally for minor muscle and joint pain
  • Methyldopa    antihypertensive drug (trade name Aldomet) used in the treatment of high blood pressure
  • Methylene blue    a dark green dye used as a stain, an antiseptic, a chemical indicator, and an antidote in cyanide poisoning
  • Methylphenidate    central nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in children
  • Methyltestosterone    an androgenic compound contained in drugs that are used to treat testosterone deficiency and female breast cancer and to stimulate growth and weight gain
  • Meticorten    a dehydrogenated analogue of cortisol (trade names Orasone or Deltasone or Liquid Pred or Meticorten); used as an anti inflammatory drug in the treatment of arthritis and as an immunosuppressant
  • Metronidazole    antiprotozoal medication (trade name Flagyl) used to treat trichomoniasis and giardiasis
  • Mevacor    an oral drug (trade name Mevacor) to reduce blood cholesterol levels; used when dietary changes have proved inadequate
  • Mexitil    antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Mexitil) used to treat ventricular arrhythmias
  • Mg    one thousandth (1/1,000) gram; a light silver white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
  • Miconazole    an antifungal agent usually administered in the form of a nitrate (trade name Monistat)
  • Microcrystalline    containing crystals that are visible only under a microscope
  • Micronase    an oral antidiabetic drug (trade names DiaBeta and Micronase) that stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas
  • Micronor    trade name for and oral contraceptive containing the progestin compound norethindrone
  • Midazolam    an injectable form of benzodiazepine (trade name Versed) useful for sedation and for reducing pain during uncomfortable medical procedures
  • Mifepristone    an abortion inducing drug (trade name RU_486) developed in France; when taken during the first five weeks of pregnancy it blocks the action of progesterone so that the uterus sloughs off the embryo
  • Migraine    a severe recurring vascular headache; occurs more frequently in women than men
  • Milontin    anticonvulsant (trade name Milontin) used to treat petit mal
  • Miltown    a sedative and tranquilizer (trade name Miltown and Equanil and Meprin) used to treat muscle tension and anxiety
  • Minipress    antihypertensive drug (trade name Minipress)
  • Minocin    tetracycline antibiotic (trade name Minocin) used to treat a variety of bacterial and rickettsial infections
  • Minoxidil    a vasodilator (trade name Loniten) used to treat severe hypertension; one side effect is hirsutism so it is also sold (trade name Rogaine) as a treatment for male patterned baldness
  • Mint    as if new;  a plant where money is coined by authority of the government; a candy that is flavored with a mint oil; the leaves of a mint plant used fresh or candied; any north temperate plant of the genus Mentha with aromatic leaves and small mauve flowers; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent; verb form by stamping, punching, or printing
  • Mithracin    an antineoplastic drug (trade name Mithracin) used to treat cancer of the testes
  • Mitomycin    a complex of antibiotic substances obtained from a streptomyces bacterium; one form (trade name Mutamycin) shows promise as an anticancer drug
  • Moban    antipsychotic drug (trade name Moban) used in the treatment of schizophrenia
  • Modicon    trade name for an oral contraceptive containing estradiol and norethindrone
  • Monistat    an antifungal agent usually administered in the form of a nitrate (trade name Monistat)
  • Monohydrate    a hydrate that contains one molecule of water per molecule of the compound
  • Motrin    a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory medicine (trade names Advil and Motrin and Nuprin) used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an analgesic and antipyretic
  • Muse    the source of an artist's inspiration; in ancient Greek mythology any of 9 daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne; protector of an art or science; verb reflect deeply on a subject
  • Mutamycin    a complex of antibiotic substances obtained from a streptomyces bacterium; one form (trade name Mutamycin) shows promise as an anticancer drug
  • Mycostatin    an antifungal and antibiotic (trade names Mycostatin and Nystan) discovered in New York State; derived from soil fungi actinomycetes
  • Mysoline    an anticonvulsant (trade name Mysoline) used to treat grand mal seizures and essential tremor

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