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A-Z list of medicines P

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  • Packet    a small package or bundle; (computer science) a message or message fragment; a boat for carrying mail; a collection of things wrapped or boxed together
  • Pamelor    a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Pamelor) used along with psychotherapy to treat dysthymic depression; may interact dangerously if taken with other drugs
  • Pantothenic acid    a vitamin of the vitamin B complex that performs an important role in the oxidation of fats and carbohydrates and certain amino acids; occurs in many foods
  • Parathyroid hormone    hormone synthesized and released into the blood stream by the parathyroid glands; regulates phosphorus and calcium in the body and functions in neuromuscular excitation and blood clotting
  • Paste    an adhesive made from water and flour or starch; used on paper and paperboard; any mixture of a soft and malleable consistency; a tasty mixture to be spread on bread or crackers; verb cover the surface of; hit with the fists; join or attach with or as if with glue
  • Pastille    a medicated lozenge used to soothe the throat
  • Patch    a piece of cloth used as decoration or to mend or cover a hole; a short set of commands to correct a bug in a computer program; a piece of soft material that covers and protects an injured part of the body; a protective cloth covering for an injured eye; sewing that repairs a worn or torn hole (especially in a garment); a connection intended to be used for a limited time; a small contrasting part of something; a small area of ground covered by specific vegetation; a period of indeterminate length (usually short) marked by some action or condition; verb mend by putting a patch on; to join or unite the pieces of; provide with a patch; also used metaphorically; repair by adding pieces
  • Paxil    a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Paxil)
  • Pediamycin    an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram positive bacteria and some Gram negative
  • Pediapred    a glucocorticoid (trade names Pediapred or Prelone) used to treat inflammatory conditions
  • Pediatric    of or relating to the medical care of children
  • Peg    a wooden pin pushed or driven into a surface; a holder attached to the gunwale of a boat that holds the oar in place and acts as a fulcrum for rowing; regulator that can be turned to regulate the pitch of the strings of a stringed instrument; a prosthesis that replaces a missing leg; small markers inserted into a surface to mark scores or define locations etc.; informal terms of the leg; verb stabilize (the price of a commodity or an exchange rate) by legislation or market operations; fasten or secure with a wooden pin; pierce with a wooden pin or knock or thrust a wooden pin into; succeed in obtaining a position
  • Pellet    a small sphere; a solid missile discharged from a firearm
  • Penicillamine    a drug (trade name Cuprimine) used to treat heavy metal poisoning and Wilson's disease and severe arthritis
  • Penicillin    any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseases
  • Penicillin v    a crystalline penicillin similar in action to penicillin G but more resistant to the action of gastric acids
  • Pentobarbital    a barbiturate (trade name Nembutal) used as a sedative and hypnotic and antispasmodic
  • Pentobarbital sodium    a barbiturate (trade name Nembutal) used as a sedative and hypnotic and antispasmodic
  • Pentothal    barbiturate that is a hygroscopic powder (trade name Pentothal) that is a strong barbiturate that acts rapidly; induces a relaxed state when injected as a general anesthetic
  • Pentoxifylline    a drug (trade name Trental) used to treat claudication; believed to increase the flexibility of red blood cells so they can flow through the blood vessels to the legs and feet
  • Pepcid    a histamine blocker (trade name Pepcid) used to treat peptic ulcers and gastritis and esophageal reflux
  • Perfusion    pumping a liquid into an organ or tissue (especially by way of blood vessels)
  • Periactin    an antihistamine (trade name Periactin) used to treat some allergic reactions
  • Periodontal    of or relating to or involving or practicing periodontics
  • Perphenazine    tranquilizer and antidepressant (trade name Triavil) sometimes used as an antiemetic for adults
  • Petrolatum    a semisolid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum; used in medicinal ointments and for lubrication
  • Phenaphen    an analgesic for mild pain; also used as an antipyretic; (Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, and Anacin III are trademarks of brands of acetaminophen tablets)
  • Phenergan    antihistamine (trade name Phenergan) used to treat allergies; also an antiemetic used to treat motion sickness
  • Phensuximide    anticonvulsant (trade name Milontin) used to treat petit mal
  • Phenytoin    an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat epilepsy and that is not a sedative
  • Phosphate    carbonated drink with fruit syrup and a little phosphoric acid; a salt of phosphoric acid
  • Pilocarpine    cholinergic alkaloid used in eyedrops to treat glaucoma
  • Pimozide    the most commonly used diphenylbutyl piperidine
  • Pindolol    an oral beta blocker (trade name Visken) used in treating hypertension
  • Piperacillin    a synthetic type of penicillin antibiotic (trade name Pipracil) used for moderate to severe infections
  • Pipracil    a synthetic type of penicillin antibiotic (trade name Pipracil) used for moderate to severe infections
  • Piroxicam    a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trade name Feldene) used to treat arthritis and other inflammatory conditions
  • Pitocin    hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitocin); stimulates contractions of the uterus and ejection of milk
  • Placidyl    a mild sedative hypnotic drug (trade name Placidyl)
  • Plaquenil    anti inflammatory drug (trade name Plaquenil) used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and malaria and lupus erythematosus
  • Plavix    a blood thinner (trade name Plavix) approved for the treatment of mild heart attacks; works by preventing blood platelets from sticking together to form clots that would restrict blood flow
  • Polycillin    semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK Ampicillin)
  • Polymox    an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • Polymyxin    any of several toxic antibiotics obtained from a particular soil bacterium
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene    a material used to coat cooking utensils and in industrial applications where sticking is to be avoided
  • Ponstel    a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory and analgesic drug (trade name Ponstel) used to treat mild pain (especially menstrual cramps)
  • Potassium chloride    salt of potassium (KCl) (trade names K Dur 20, Kaochlor and K lor and Klorvess and K lyte); taken in tablet form to treat potassium deficiency
  • Potassium iodide    a crystalline salt in organic synthesis and in making photographic emulsions and in iodized table salt
  • Pouch    a small or medium size container for holding or carrying things; (anatomy) saclike structure in any of various animals (as a marsupial or gopher or pelican); an enclosed space; verb send by special mail that goes through diplomatic channels; put into a small bag; swell or protrude outwards
  • Powder    any of various cosmetic or medical preparations dispensed in the form of a pulverized powder; a solid substance in the form of tiny loose particles; a solid that has been pulverized; a mixture of potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur in a 75:15:10 ratio which is used in gunnery, time fuses, and fireworks; verb apply powder to; make into a powder by breaking up or cause to become dust
  • Pravachol    an oral drug (trade name Pravachol) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after nonfatal heart attacks
  • Prednisolone    a glucocorticoid (trade names Pediapred or Prelone) used to treat inflammatory conditions
  • Prednisone    a dehydrogenated analogue of cortisol (trade names Orasone or Deltasone or Liquid Pred or Meticorten); used as an anti inflammatory drug in the treatment of arthritis and as an immunosuppressant
  • Prelone    a glucocorticoid (trade names Pediapred or Prelone) used to treat inflammatory conditions
  • Prevacid    antacid (trade name Prevacid) that suppresses acid secretion in the stomach
  • Prilosec    antacid (trade name Prilosec) that suppresses acid secretion in the stomach
  • Primaxin    trade name for a parenteral antibiotic
  • Primidone    an anticonvulsant (trade name Mysoline) used to treat grand mal seizures and essential tremor
  • Principen    semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK Ampicillin)
  • Principen    semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK Ampicillin)
  • Probenecid    a uricosuric drug that reduces the level of uric acid in the blood; used to treat gout
  • Procardia    calcium blocker (trade name Procardia); appears to increase the risk of recurrent heart attacks
  • Prochlorperazine    antipsychotic and antiemetic drug used to treat schizophrenia and to combat nausea and vomiting
  • Progesterone    a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo Lutin) produced in the ovary; prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy
  • Promethazine    antihistamine (trade name Phenergan) used to treat allergies; also an antiemetic used to treat motion sickness
  • Propylthiouracil    a crystalline compound used as an antithyroid drug in the treatment of goiter
  • Prosom    a frequently prescribed sleeping pill (trade name ProSom)
  • Protease    any enzyme that catalyzes the splitting of proteins into smaller peptide fractions and amino acids by a process known as proteolysis
  • Protirelin    hormone released by the hypothalamus that controls the release of thyroid stimulating hormone from the anterior pituitary
  • Proventil    a bronchodilator (trade names Ventolin or Proventil) used for asthma and emphysema and other lung conditions; available in oral or inhalant forms; side effects are tachycardia and shakiness
  • Provera    a progestin compound (trade name Provera) used to treat menstrual disorders
  • Prozac    a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Prozac)
  • Prussian blue    a dark greenish blue color; any of various blue pigments
  • Pseudo    (often used in combination) not genuine but having the appearance of;  a person who makes deceitful pretenses
  • Purinethol    a drug (trade name Purinethol) that interferes with the metabolism of purine and is used to treat acute lymphocytic leukemia
  • Pyridoxine    a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch

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