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A-Z list of medicines S

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  • Safflower oil    oil from seeds of the safflower plant; oil from safflower seeds used as food as well as in medicines and paints
  • Sandril    antihypertensive consisting of an alkaloid extracted from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina (trade names Raudixin or Rau Sed or Sandril or Serpasil)
  • Saquinavir    a weak protease inhibitor (trade name Invirase) used in treating HIV
  • Scoopful    the quantity a scoop will hold
  • Scopolamine    an alkaloid with anticholinergic effects that is used as a sedative and to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils in ophthalmic procedures
  • Secobarbital sodium    barbiturate that is a white odorless slightly bitter powder (trade name Seconal) used as a sodium salt for sedation and to treat convulsions
  • Secretin    peptic hormone produced by the mucous lining of the small intestine; can stimulate secretion by the pancreas and liver
  • Sectral    an oral beta blocker (trade name Sectral) used in treating hypertension
  • Serax    a tranquilizing drug (trade name Serax) used to treat anxiety and insomnia and alcohol withdrawal
  • Serpasil    antihypertensive consisting of an alkaloid extracted from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina (trade names Raudixin or Rau Sed or Sandril or Serpasil)
  • Serum    watery fluid of the blood that resembles plasma but contains fibrinogen
  • Serzone    an antidepressant drug (trade name Serzone)
  • Shampoo    the act of washing your hair with shampoo; cleansing agent consisting of soaps or detergents used for washing the hair; verb use shampoo on (hair)
  • Sildenafil citrate    virility drug (trade name Viagra) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • Simvastatin    an oral lipid lowering medicine (trade name Zocor) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after heart attacks
  • Sinequan    a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Adapin and Sinequan) with numerous side effects (dry mouth and sedation and gastrointestinal disturbances)
  • Sinus    any of various air filled cavities especially in the bones of the skull; a wide channel containing blood; does not have the coating of an ordinary blood vessel; an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface
  • Slo bid    a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator
  • Smoothie    a thick smooth drink consisting of fresh fruit pureed with ice cream or yoghurt or milk; someone with an assured and ingratiating manner
  • Soap    a cleansing agent made from the salts of vegetable or animal fats; street names for gamma hydroxybutyrate; money offered as a bribe; verb rub soap all over, usually with the purpose of cleaning
  • Sodium    a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
  • Sodium benzoate    a white crystalline salt used as a food preservative and antiseptic
  • Sodium bicarbonate    a white soluble compound (NaHCO3) used in effervescent drinks and in baking powders and as an antacid
  • Sodium carbonate    a sodium salt of carbonic acid; used in making soap powders and glass and paper
  • Sodium chloride    a white crystalline solid consisting mainly of sodium chloride (NaCl)
  • Sodium fluoride    a colorless crystalline salt of sodium (NaF) used in fluoridation of water and to prevent tooth decay
  • Sodium nitrite    nitrite used to preserve and color food especially in meat and fish products; implicated in the formation of suspected carcinogens
  • Sodium phosphate    phosphate of sodium; used as a laxative to cleanse the bowels
  • Sodium sulfate    a solid white bitter salt used in manufacturing glass and paper and dyes and pharmaceuticals
  • Sojourn    a temporary stay (e.g., as a guest); verb spend a certain length of time; reside temporarily
  • Solution    the successful action of solving a problem; a method for solving a problem; a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem; the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation; a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances; frequently (but not necessarily) a liquid solution
  • Soma    personification of a sacred intoxicating drink used in Vedic ritual; leafless East Indian vine; its sour milky juice formerly used to make an intoxicating drink; alternative names for the body of a human being
  • Sonata    a musical composition of 3 or 4 movements of contrasting forms
  • Spinal    of or relating to the spine or spinal cord;  anesthesia of the lower half of the body; caused by injury to the spinal cord or by injecting an anesthetic beneath the arachnoid membrane that surrounds the spinal cord
  • Spironolactone    a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
  • Sponge    primitive multicellular marine animal whose porous body is supported by a fibrous skeletal framework; usually occurs in sessile colonies; a porous mass of interlacing fibers the forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals and usable to absorb water or any porous rubber or cellulose product similarly used; a follower who hangs around a host (without benefit to the host) in hope of gain or advantage; someone able to acquire new knowledge and skills rapidly and easily; verb gather sponges, in the ocean; wipe with a sponge, so as to clean or moisten; soak up with a sponge; erase with a sponge; as of words on a blackboard; ask for and get free; be a parasite
  • Sporanox    an oral antifungal drug (trade name Sporanox) taken for cases of fungal nail disease
  • Spray    flower arrangement consisting of a single branch or shoot bearing flowers and foliage; a jet of vapor; a quantity of small objects flying through the air; a pesticide in suspension or solution; intended for spraying; water in small drops in the atmosphere; blown from waves or thrown up by a waterfall; a dispenser that turns a liquid (such as perfume) into a fine mist; verb scatter in a mass or jet of droplets; cover by spraying with a liquid; be discharged in sprays of liquid
  • Stilbestrol    a potent estrogen used in medicine and in feed for livestock and poultry
  • Subcutaneous    relating to or located below the epidermis
  • Sucralfate    medicine consisting of a tablet (trade name Carafate) used to treat peptic ulcers; said to bind to the ulcer site and coat it
  • Sudafed    vasoconstrictor (trade names Privine and Sudafed) used in nasal sprays to treat symptoms of nasal congestion and in eyedrops to treat eye irritation
  • Sulfa    antibacterial consisting of any of several synthetic organic compounds capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria that require PABA
  • Sulfacetamide    a topical sulfonamide (trade name Sulamyd) used to treat eye infections
  • Sulfadiazine    a sulfa drug used in treating meningitis and pneumonia and other infections
  • Sulfamethazine    a sulfa drug used like sulfadiazine and also in veterinary medicine
  • Sulfamethoxazole    a sulfonamide (trade name Gantanol) used to treat infections (especially infections of the urinary tract)
  • Sulfanilamide    a white odorless crystalline sulfa drug; the parent compound of most of the sulfa drugs
  • Sulfapyridine    sulfa drug derived from pyridine and sulfanilamide
  • Sulfisoxazole    a sulfonamide (trade name Gantrisin) used to treat infections of the urinary tract
  • Sulfur    an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions); verb treat with sulphur in order to preserve
  • Sulindac    a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trade name Clinoril)
  • Sulla    Roman general and dictator (138 78 BC); perennial of southern Europe cultivated for forage and for its nectar rich pink flowers that make it an important honey crop
  • Suppository    a small plug of medication designed for insertion into the rectum or vagina where it melts
  • Surmontil    tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Surmontil) used to treat depression and anxiety and (sometimes) insomnia
  • Suspension    a temporary debarment (from a privilege or position etc); the act of suspending something (hanging it from above so it moves freely); a mechanical system of springs or shock absorbers connecting the wheels and axles to the chassis of a wheeled vehicle; an interruption in the intensity or amount of something; a mixture in which fine particles are suspended in a fluid where they are supported by buoyancy; temporary cessation or suspension; a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
  • Swab    cleaning implement consisting of absorbent material fastened to a handle; for cleaning floors; implement consisting of a small piece of cotton that is used to apply medication or cleanse a wound or obtain a specimen of a secretion; verb wash with a swab or a mop; apply (usually a liquid) to a surface
  • Syringe    a medical instrument used to inject or withdraw fluids; verb spray or irrigate (a body part) with a syringe
  • Syrup    a thick sweet sticky liquid

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