A-Z list of medicines S

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  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet* ; (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work* ; a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm* ; the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees* ; an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions)* ; 1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • sabal   noun American dwarf fan palms
  • saccharomyces   noun single celled yeasts that reproduce asexually by budding; used to ferment carbohydrates
  • safeguard   noun a precautionary measure warding off impending danger or damage or injury etc.* ; a document or escort providing safe passage through a region especially in time of war* ; verb make safe* ;escort safely
  • sage   adj. of the grey green color of sage leaves* ; having wisdom that comes with age and experience* ; noun aromatic fresh or dried grey green leaves used widely as seasoning for meats and fowl and game etc* ; a mentor in spiritual and philosophical topics who is renowned for profound wisdom* ; any of various plants of the genus Salvia; a cosmopolitan herb
  • sagebrush   noun any of several North American composite subshrubs of the genera Artemis or Seriphidium
  • salicylic acid   noun a white crystalline substance with a bitter aftertaste; used as a fungicide or in making aspirin or dyes or perfumes
  • saline   adj. containing salt* ; noun an isotonic solution of sodium chloride and distilled water
  • salix nigra   noun North American shrubby willow having dark bark and linear leaves growing close to streams and lakes
  • salmon   adj. of orange tinged with pink* ; noun any of various large food and game fishes of northern waters; usually migrate from salt to fresh water to spawn* ; flesh of any of various marine or freshwater fish of the family Salmonidae* ; a tributary of the Snake River in Idaho
  • salmonella   noun rod shaped Gram negative enterobacteria; cause typhoid fever and food poisoning; can be used as a bioweapon
  • saltbush   noun any of various shrubby plants of the genus Atriplex that thrive in dry alkaline soil
  • salvia officinalis   noun shrubby plant with aromatic greyish green leaves used as a cooking herb
  • sambucus nigra   noun a common shrub with black fruit or a small tree of Europe and Asia; fruit used for wines and jellies
  • sanguinaria canadensis   noun perennial woodland native of North America having a red root and red sap and bearing a solitary lobed leaf and white flower in early spring and having acrid emetic properties; rootstock used as a stimulant and expectorant
  • sanicula   noun chiefly American herbs: sanicle
  • saponaria officinalis   noun plant of European origin having pink or white flowers and leaves yielding a detergent when bruised
  • sardine   noun any of various small edible herring or related food fishes frequently canned* ; small fatty fish usually canned* ; small fishes found in great schools along coasts of Europe; smaller and rounder than herring* ; a deep orange red variety of chalcedony
  • sarracenia purpurea   noun perennial bog herb having dark red flowers and decumbent broadly winged pitchers forming a rosette; of northeastern North America and naturalized in Europe especially Ireland
  • sarsaparilla   noun carbonated drink flavored with an extract from sarsaparilla root or with birch oil and sassafras* ; any of various prickly climbing plants of the tropical American genus Smilax having aromatic roots and heart shaped leaves
  • satsuma   noun medium sized largely seedless mandarin orange with thin smooth skin* ; a variety of mandarin orange
  • savannah   noun a port in eastern Georgia near the mouth of the Savannah river* ; a river in South Carolina that flows southeast to the Atlantic* ; a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
  • scale   noun a flattened rigid plate forming part of the body covering of many animals* ; an indicator having a graduated sequence of marks* ; a measuring instrument for weighing; shows amount of mass* ; (music) a series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific scheme (usually within an octave)* ; a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the skin* ; a specialized leaf or bract that protects a bud or catkin* ; relative magnitude* ; the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it* ; an ordered reference standard* ; a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners)* ; verbsize or measure according to a scale* ; measure with or as if with scales* ; remove the scales from* ; pattern, make, regulate, set, measure, or estimate according to some rate or standard* ; climb up by means of a ladder* ; reach the highest point of* ; take by attacking with scaling ladders* ; measure by or as if by a scale
  • scallop   noun edible marine bivalve having a fluted fan shaped shell that swim by expelling water from the shell in a series of snapping motions* ; edible muscle of mollusks having fan shaped shells; served broiled or poached or in salads or cream sauces* ; one of a series of rounded projections (or the notches between them) formed by curves along an edge (as the edge of a leaf or piece of cloth or the margin of a shell or a shriveled red blood cell observed in a hypertonic solution etc.)* ; thin slice of meat (especially veal) usually fried or broiled* ; verb shape or cut in scallops* ; fish for scallops* ; form scallops in* ; bake in a sauce, milk, etc., often with breadcrumbs on top* ; decorate an edge with scallops
  • scar   noun a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue* ; an indication of damage* ; verb mark with a scar
  • sciatica   noun neuralgia along the sciatic nerve
  • scopolamine   noun an alkaloid with anticholinergic effects that is used as a sedative and to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils in ophthalmic procedures
  • scotch pine   noun medium large two needled pine of northern Europe and Asia having flaking red brown bark
  • scott   noun United States slave who sued for liberty after living in a non slave state; caused the Supreme Court to declare the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional (1795? 1858)* ; British author of historical novels and ballads (1771 1832)* ; United States general who was a hero of the War of 1812 and who defeated Santa Anna in the Mexican War (1786 1866)* ; English explorer who reached the South Pole just a month after Amundsen; he and his party died on the return journey (1868 1912)* ; award winning United States film actor (1928 1999)
  • scrub   adj. (of domestic animals) not selectively bred* ; noun the act of cleaning a surface by rubbing it with a brush and soap and water* ;dense vegetation consisting of stunted trees or bushes* ; verb wash thoroughly* ; clean with hard rubbing* ; postpone indefinitely or annul something that was scheduled
  • scutellaria lateriflora   noun an American mint that yields a resinous exudate used especially formerly as an antispasmodic
  • seborrhea   noun a condition in which overactivity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily
  • secret   adj. the next to highest level of official classification for documents* ; not expressed* ; indulging only covertly* ; communicated covertly* ; not open or public; kept private or not revealed* ; not openly made known* ; having an import not apparent to the senses nor obvious to the intelligence; beyond ordinary understanding* ;conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods* ; (of information) given in confidence or in secret* ; hidden from general view or use* ; designed to elude detection* ; noun information known only to a special group* ; something that should remain hidden from others (especially information that is not to be passed on)* ;something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained
  • sectral   noun an oral beta blocker (trade name Sectral) used in treating hypertension
  • secure   adj. free from fear or doubt; easy in mind* ; free from danger or risk* ; not likely to fail or give way* ; kept safe or defended from danger or injury or loss* ; financially sound* ; able to withstand attack* ;verb assure payment of* ; make certain of* ; furnish with battens* ; cause to be firmly attached* ; fill or close tightly with or as if with a plug* ; get by special effort
  • sedalia   noun a town in east central Missouri
  • sedum acre   noun mossy European creeping sedum with yellow flowers; widely introduced as a ground cover
  • select   adj. selected or chosen for special qualifications* ; of superior grade* ; verb pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives
  • selenium   noun a toxic nonmetallic element related to sulfur and tellurium; occurs in several allotropic forms; a stable grey metallike allotrope conducts electricity better in the light than in the dark and is used in photocells; occurs in sulfide ores (as pyrite)
  • self abuse   noun manual stimulation of your own genital organ for sexual pleasure
  • self pity   noun a feeling of sorrow (often self indulgent) over your own sufferings
  • semen   noun the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract
  • senecio aureus   noun weedy herb of the eastern United States to Texas having golden yellow flowers; sometimes becomes invasive; sometimes placed in genus Senecio
  • senecio jacobaea   noun widespread European weed having yellow daisylike flowers; sometimes an obnoxious weed and toxic to cattle if consumed in quantity
  • senna   noun any of various plants of the genus Senna having pinnately compound leaves and showy usually yellow flowers; many are used medicinally
  • sensitive   adj. of or pertaining to classified information or matters affecting national security* ; hurting* ; responsive to physical stimuli* ;being susceptible to the attitudes, feelings, or circumstances of others* ; able to feel or perceive* ; noun someone who serves as an intermediary between the living and the dead
  • sepia   noun type genus of the Sepiidae* ; rich brown pigment prepared from the ink of cuttlefishes* ; a shade of brown with a tinge of red
  • serotonin   noun a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memory
  • sertraline   noun a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Zoloft)
  • sesame   noun East Indian annual erect herb; source of sesame seed or benniseed and sesame oil
  • sesame seed   noun small oval seeds of the sesame plant
  • seven   adj. being one more than six* ; noun the cardinal number that is the sum of six and one
  • shagbark   noun North American hickory having loose grey shaggy bark and edible nuts
  • shagbark hickory   noun North American hickory having loose grey shaggy bark and edible nuts
  • sheep sorrel   noun small plant having pleasantly acid tasting arrow shaped leaves; common in dry places
  • shellbark   noun North American hickory having loose grey shaggy bark and edible nuts
  • shelter   noun a structure that provides privacy and protection from danger* ; protective covering that provides protection from the weather* ; temporary housing for homeless or displaced persons* ; a way of organizing business to reduce the taxes it must pay on current earnings* ; the condition of being protected* ; verb invest (money) so that it is not taxable* ; provide shelter for
  • shield   noun armor carried on the arm to intercept blows* ; a protective covering or structure* ; hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtles* ; verb protect, hide, or conceal from danger or harm* ; hold back a thought or feeling about
  • shingles   noun eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
  • short   adj. tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening* ; (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length* ; primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration* ; of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration* ; not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices* ; lacking foresight or scope* ;low in stature; not tall* ; marked by rude or peremptory shortness* ; (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range* ; not sufficient to meet a need* ; less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so* ; adv. at a disadvantage* ; so as to interrupt* ; at some point or distance before a goal is reached* ; clean across* ; without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold* ; quickly and without warning* ; in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner* ; noun the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed* ; the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base* ; accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference* ; verbcreate a short circuit in* ; cheat someone by not returning him enough money
  • shoulder   noun narrow edge of land (usually unpaved) along the side of a road* ; the part of the body between the neck and the upper arm* ; a ball and socket joint between the head of the humerus and a cavity of the scapula* ; a cut of beef from the shoulder of the animal* ;verb push with the shoulders* ; carry a burden, either real or metaphoric* ; lift onto one's shoulders
  • shrimp   noun small slender bodied chiefly marine decapod crustaceans with a long tail and single pair of pincers; many species are edible* ; any of various edible decapod crustaceans* ; disparaging terms for small people* ; verb fish for shrimp
  • shy   adj. wary and distrustful; disposed to avoid persons or things* ;easily startled or frightened* ; short* ; lacking self confidence* ; noun a quick throw* ; verb throw quickly* ; start suddenly, as from fight
  • siberian   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Siberia or the Siberians* ; noun a native or inhabitant of Siberia
  • sildenafil   noun virility drug (trade name Viagra) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • sildenafil citrate   noun virility drug (trade name Viagra) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • silica   noun a white or colorless vitreous insoluble solid (SiO2); various forms occur widely in the earth's crust as quartz or cristobalite or tridymite or lechartelierite
  • silicon dioxide   noun a white or colorless vitreous insoluble solid (SiO2); various forms occur widely in the earth's crust as quartz or cristobalite or tridymite or lechartelierite
  • silk   noun a fabric made from the fine threads produced by certain insect larvae* ; fibers from silkworm cocoons provide threads for knitting
  • silver   adj. having the white lustrous sheen of silver* ; made from or largely consisting of silver* ; expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively* ; of lustrous grey; covered with or tinged with the color of silver* ; noun coins made of silver* ; a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography* ; silverware eating utensils* ; a trophy made of silver (or having the appearance of silver) that is usually awarded for winning second place in a competition* ; a light shade of grey* ; verb turn silver* ; make silver in color* ; coat with a layer of silver or a silver amalgam
  • silver maple   noun a common North American maple tree; five lobed leaves are light green above and silvery white beneath; source of hard close grained but brittle light brown wood
  • silver nitrate   noun a nitrate used in making photographic emulsions; also used in medicine as a cautery and as a topical antibacterial agent
  • simple   adj. unornamented* ; (botany) of leaf shapes; of leaves having no divisions or subdivisions* ; having few parts; not complex or complicated or involved* ; easy and not involved or complicated* ; apart from anything else; without additions or modifications* ; lacking mental capacity and devoid of subtlety* ; exhibiting childlike simplicity and credulity* ; noun any herbaceous plant having medicinal properties* ; a person lacking intelligence or common sense
  • simplex   adj. allowing communication in only one direction at a time, or in telegraphy allowing only one message over a line at a time* ; having only one part or element
  • simvastatin   noun an oral lipid lowering medicine (trade name Zocor) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after heart attacks
  • sinus   noun any of various air filled cavities especially in the bones of the skull* ; a wide channel containing blood; does not have the coating of an ordinary blood vessel* ; an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface
  • sinus headache   noun a headache resulting from congestion or infection in the paranasal sinuses
  • sinusitis   noun inflammation of one of the paranasal sinuses
  • sisal   noun Mexican or West Indian plant with large fleshy leaves yielding a stiff fiber used in e.g. rope* ; a plant fiber used for making rope
  • skylark   noun brown speckled European lark noted for singing while hovering at a great height* ; verb play boisterously
  • sleep   noun a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended* ; a torpid state resembling deep sleep* ; a period of time spent sleeping* ; euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb)* ; verbbe asleep* ; be able to accommodate for sleeping
  • slim   adj. being of delicate or slender build* ; small in quantity* ; verbtake off weight
  • smelt   noun small trout like silvery marine or freshwater food fishes of cold northern waters* ; small cold water silvery fish; migrate between salt and fresh water* ; verb extract (metals) by heating
  • smut   noun any fungus of the order Ustilaginales* ; destructive diseases of plants (especially cereal grasses) caused by fungi that produce black powdery masses of spores* ; creative activity (writing or pictures or films etc.) of no literary or artistic value other than to stimulate sexual desire* ; an offensive or indecent word or phrase* ; a black colloidal substance consisting wholly or principally of amorphous carbon and used to make pigments and ink* ; verb affect with smut or mildew, as of a crop such as corn* ; become affected with smut* ; stain with a dirty substance, such as soot* ; make obscene
  • snail   noun freshwater or marine or terrestrial gastropod mollusk usually having an external enclosing spiral shell* ; edible terrestrial snail usually served in the shell with a sauce of melted butter and garlic* ; verb gather snails
  • sodium bicarbonate   noun a white soluble compound (NaHCO3) used in effervescent drinks and in baking powders and as an antacid
  • sodium fluoride   noun a colorless crystalline salt of sodium (NaF) used in fluoridation of water and to prevent tooth decay
  • sodium hydroxide   noun a strongly alkaline caustic used in manufacturing soap and paper and aluminum and various sodium compounds
  • sodium nitrite   noun nitrite used to preserve and color food especially in meat and fish products; implicated in the formation of suspected carcinogens
  • sodium sulfate   noun a solid white bitter salt used in manufacturing glass and paper and dyes and pharmaceuticals
  • soft   adj. not brilliant or glaring* ; willing to negotiate and compromise* ; out of condition; not strong or robust; incapable of exertion or endurance* ; yielding readily to pressure or weight* ;compassionate and kind; conciliatory* ; (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward the hard palate; characterized by a hissing or hushing sound (as `s' and `sh')* ; (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected* ; (of sound) relatively low in volume* ; not protected against attack (especially by nuclear weapons)* ; using evidence not readily amenable to experimental verification or refutation* ; (of a commodity or market or currency) falling or likely to fall in value* ; mild and pleasant* ; not burdensome or demanding; borne or done easily and without hardship* ; having little impact* ; used chiefly as a direction or description in music* ; soft and mild; not harsh or stern or severe* ;tolerant or lenient* ; produced with vibration of the vocal cords* ; easily hurt* ; adv. in a relaxed manner; or without hardship
  • soft touch   noun a person who is gullible and easy to take advantage of
  • sojourn   noun a temporary stay (e.g., as a guest)* ; verb spend a certain length of time; reside temporarily
  • sol   noun the syllable naming the fifth (dominant) note of any musical scale in solmization* ; (Roman mythology) ancient Roman god; personification of the sun; counterpart of Greek Helios* ; a colloid that has a continuous liquid phase in which a solid is suspended in a liquid
  • solanum nigrum   noun Eurasian herb naturalized in America having white flowers and poisonous hairy foliage and bearing black berries that are sometimes poisonous but sometimes edible
  • solanum tuberosum   noun annual native to South America having underground stolons bearing edible starchy tubers; widely cultivated as a garden vegetable; vines are poisonous
  • sole   adj. not divided or shared with others* ; being the only one; single and isolated from others* ; noun right eyed flatfish; many are valued as food; most common in warm seas especially European* ;the underside of footwear or a golf club* ; the underside of the foot* ;lean flesh of any of several flatfish* ; verb put a new sole on
  • soma   noun personification of a sacred intoxicating drink used in Vedic ritual* ; leafless East Indian vine; its sour milky juice formerly used to make an intoxicating drink* ; alternative names for the body of a human being
  • soothe   verb cause to feel better* ; give moral or emotional strength to
  • sore throat   noun inflammation of the fauces and pharynx
  • sorrel   adj. of a light brownish color* ; noun a horse of a brownish orange to light brown color* ; large sour tasting arrowhead shaped leaves used in salads and sauces* ; East Indian sparsely prickly annual herb or perennial subshrub widely cultivated for its fleshy calyxes used in tarts and jelly and for its bast fiber* ; any of certain coarse weedy plants with long taproots, sometimes used as table greens or in folk medicine* ; any plant or flower of the genus Oxalis
  • soybean   noun most highly proteinaceous vegetable crop known* ;erect bushy hairy annual herb having trifoliate leaves and purple to pink flowers; extensively cultivated for food and forage and soil improvement but especially for its nutritious oil rich seeds; native to Asia* ; a source of oil; used for forage and soil improvement and as food
  • spaced out   adj. confused or disoriented as if intoxicated through taking a drug* ; stupefied by (or as if by) some narcotic drug
  • special   adj. for a special service or occasion* ; adapted to or reserved for a particular purpose* ; surpassing what is common or usual or expected* ; having a specific function or scope* ; unique or specific to a person or thing or category* ; first and most important* ;added to a regular schedule* ; noun a television production that features a particular person or work or topic* ; a special offering (usually temporary and at a reduced price) that is featured in advertising* ; a dish or meal given prominence in e.g. a restaurant
  • spectrum   noun broad range of related values or qualities or ideas or activities* ; an ordered array of the components of an emission or wave
  • speech therapy   noun any therapy intended to correct a disorder of speech
  • spinach   noun dark green leaves; eaten cooked or raw in salads* ;southwestern Asian plant widely cultivated for its succulent edible dark green leaves
  • spironolactone   noun a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
  • spleen   noun a large dark red oval organ on the left side of the body between the stomach and the diaphragm; produces cells involved in immune responses* ; a feeling of resentful anger
  • sponge   noun primitive multicellular marine animal whose porous body is supported by a fibrous skeletal framework; usually occurs in sessile colonies* ; a porous mass of interlacing fibers the forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals and usable to absorb water or any porous rubber or cellulose product similarly used* ; a follower who hangs around a host (without benefit to the host) in hope of gain or advantage* ; someone able to acquire new knowledge and skills rapidly and easily* ; verb gather sponges, in the ocean* ;wipe with a sponge, so as to clean or moisten* ; soak up with a sponge* ; erase with a sponge; as of words on a blackboard* ; ask for and get free; be a parasite
  • sporanox   noun an oral antifungal drug (trade name Sporanox) taken for cases of fungal nail disease
  • spring   noun a metal elastic device that returns to its shape or position when pushed or pulled or pressed* ; a point at which water issues forth* ; a natural flow of ground water* ; the season of growth* ; a light, self propelled movement upwards or forwards* ; the elasticity of something that can be stretched and returns to its original length* ;verb develop suddenly* ; produce or disclose suddenly or unexpectedly* ; spring back; spring away from an impact* ; move forward by leaps and bounds* ; develop into a distinctive entity
  • squash   noun a game played in an enclosed court by two or four players who strike the ball with long handled rackets* ; edible fruit of a squash plant; eaten as a vegetable* ; any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus Cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits* ;verb to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition
  • sr   noun the unit of solid angle adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites* ; a soft silver white or yellowish metallic element of the alkali metal group; turns yellow in air; occurs in celestite and strontianite
  • standardized   adj. brought into conformity with a standard* ; capable of replacing or changing places with something else; permitting mutual substitution without loss of function or suitability
  • staph   noun spherical Gram positive parasitic bacteria that tend to form irregular colonies; some cause boils or septicemia or infections
  • stasis   noun inactivity resulting from a static balance between opposing forces* ; an abnormal state in which the normal flow of a liquid (such as blood) is slowed or stopped
  • sterile   adj. deficient in originality or creativity; lacking powers of invention* ; incapable of reproducing* ; free of or using methods to keep free of pathological microorganisms
  • sting   noun a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin* ; a kind of pain; something as sudden and painful as being stung* ; a swindle in which you cheat at gambling or persuade a person to buy worthless property* ; a mental pain or distress* ; verbdeliver a sting to* ; cause an emotional pain, as if by stinging* ; saddle with something disagreeable or disadvantageous* ; cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort* ; cause a stinging pain
  • stomach   noun an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal; the principal organ of digestion* ; an appetite for food* ; an inclination or liking for things involving conflict or difficulty or unpleasantness* ; the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis* ; verb bear to eat* ; put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  • stomach ache   noun an ache localized in the stomach or abdominal region
  • strawberry   noun a soft red birthmark* ; sweet fleshy red fruit* ; any of various low perennial herbs with many runners and bearing white flowers followed by edible fruits having many small achenes scattered on the surface of an enlarged red pulpy berry
  • strep throat   noun an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus
  • streptomyces   noun aerobic bacteria (some of which produce the antibiotic streptomycin)
  • streptomycin   noun an antibiotic produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces griseus and used to treat tuberculosis
  • stress   noun the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch)* ; (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body* ; difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension* ; special emphasis attached to something* ;(psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense* ; verbput stress on; utter with an accent* ; to stress, single out as important* ;test the limits of
  • string bean   noun green beans with strings that must be removed
  • strophanthus   noun any of various shrubs or small trees of the genus Strophanthus having whorled leaves and showy flowers of various colors in dense and corymbose clusters; some have poisonous seeds
  • stye   noun an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
  • suave   adj. smoothly agreeable and courteous with a degree of sophistication* ; having a sophisticated charm
  • sucralfate   noun medicine consisting of a tablet (trade name Carafate) used to treat peptic ulcers; said to bind to the ulcer site and coat it
  • sucrose   noun a complex carbohydrate found in many plants and used as a sweetening agent
  • sudafed   noun vasoconstrictor (trade names Privine and Sudafed) used in nasal sprays to treat symptoms of nasal congestion and in eyedrops to treat eye irritation
  • sugar   noun a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative* ; informal terms for money* ; an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain* ; verb sweeten with sugar
  • sugar beet   noun white rooted beet grown as a source of sugar* ;form of the common beet having a sweet white root from which sugar is obtained
  • sugar cane   noun tall tropical southeast Asian grass having stout fibrous jointed stalks; sap is a chief source of sugar* ; juicy canes whose sap is a source of molasses and commercial sugar; fresh canes are sometimes chewed for the juice
  • sugar maple   noun maple of eastern and central North America having three lobed to five lobed leaves and hard close grained wood much used for cabinet work especially the curly grained form; sap is chief source of maple syrup and maple sugar; many subspecies
  • sulfacetamide   noun a topical sulfonamide (trade name Sulamyd) used to treat eye infections
  • sulfadiazine   noun a sulfa drug used in treating meningitis and pneumonia and other infections
  • sulfur   noun an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions)* ; verb treat with sulphur in order to preserve
  • sulindac   noun a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (trade name Clinoril)
  • sulphur   noun an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions)* ; verb treat with sulphur in order to preserve
  • sunblock   noun a cream spread on the skin; contains a chemical (as PABA) to filter out ultraviolet light and so protect from sunburn
  • sunflower   noun any plant of the genus Helianthus having large flower heads with dark disk florets and showy yellow rays
  • sunflower seed   noun edible seed of sunflowers; used as food and poultry feed and as a source of oil
  • sunscreen   noun a cream spread on the skin; contains a chemical (as PABA) to filter out ultraviolet light and so protect from sunburn
  • supreme   adj. greatest or maximal in degree; extreme* ; final or last in your life or progress* ; highest in excellence or achievement* ;greatest in status or authority or power
  • sure   adj. physically secure or dependable* ; certain not to fail* ;infallible or unfailing* ; (of persons) worthy of trust or confidence* ;exercising or taking care great enough to bring assurance* ;impossible to doubt or dispute* ; having or feeling no doubt or uncertainty; confident and assured* ; certain to occur; destined or inevitable* ; reliable in operation or effect* ; adv. definitely or positively (`sure' is sometimes used informally for `surely')
  • surgery   noun a room where a doctor or dentist can be consulted* ;the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures* ; a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body* ; a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations
  • surmontil   noun tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Surmontil) used to treat depression and anxiety and (sometimes) insomnia
  • swab   noun cleaning implement consisting of absorbent material fastened to a handle; for cleaning floors* ; implement consisting of a small piece of cotton that is used to apply medication or cleanse a wound or obtain a specimen of a secretion* ; verb wash with a swab or a mop* ; apply (usually a liquid) to a surface
  • sweep   noun a movement in an arc* ; a long oar used in an open boat* ; a wide scope* ; (American football) an attempt to advance the ball by running around the end of the line* ; winning all or all but one of the tricks in bridge* ; someone who cleans soot from chimneys* ;verb win an overwhelming victory in or on* ; sweep with a broom or as if with a broom* ; clean by sweeping* ; move with sweeping, effortless, gliding motions* ; cover the entire range of* ; make a big sweeping gesture or movement* ; sweep across or over* ; force into some kind of situation, condition, or course of action* ; to cover or extend over an area or time period
  • sweet   adj. pleasing to the senses* ; (used of wines) having a high residual sugar content* ; having or denoting the characteristic taste of sugar* ; having a natural fragrance* ; not containing or composed of salt water* ; having a sweet nature befitting an angel or cherub* ;pleasing to the ear* ; pleasing to the mind or feeling* ; with sweetening added* ; not soured or preserved* ; adv. in an affectionate or loving manner (`sweet' is sometimes a poetic or informal variant of `sweetly')* ; noun the taste experience when sugar dissolves in the mouth* ; a food rich in sugar* ; English phonetician; one of the founders of modern phonetics (1845 1912)* ; the property of tasting as if it contains sugar* ; a dish served as the last course of a meal
  • sweet corn   noun corn that can be eaten as a vegetable while still young and soft* ; a corn plant developed in order to have young ears that are sweet and suitable for eating
  • sweet gum   noun a North American tree of the genus Liquidambar having prickly spherical fruit clusters and fragrant sap* ; aromatic exudate from the sweet gum tree* ; reddish brown wood and lumber from heartwood of the sweet gum tree used to make furniture
  • sweet pea   noun climbing garden plant having fragrant pastel colored flowers
  • sweet potato   noun the edible tuberous root of the sweet potato vine which is grown widely in warm regions of the United States* ;pantropical vine widely cultivated in several varieties for its large sweet tuberous root with orange flesh* ; egg shaped terra cotta wind instrument with a mouthpiece and finger holes
  • sycamore   noun thick branched wide spreading tree of Africa and adjacent southwestern Asia often buttressed with branches rising from near the ground; produces cluster of edible but inferior figs on short leafless twigs; the biblical sycamore* ; Eurasian maple tree with pale grey bark that peels in flakes like that of a sycamore tree; leaves with five ovate lobes yellow in autumn* ; variably colored and sometimes variegated hard tough elastic wood of a sycamore tree* ;any of several trees of the genus Platanus having thin pale bark that scales off in small plates and lobed leaves and ball shaped heads of fruits
  • symphytum officinale   noun European herb having small white, pink or purple flowers; naturalized as a weed in North America
  • synthetic   adj. of a proposition whose truth value is determined by observation or facts* ; systematic combining of root and modifying elements into single words* ; involving or of the nature of synthesis (combining separate elements to form a coherent whole) as opposed to analysis* ; not genuine or natural* ; artificial as if portrayed in a film* ; not of natural origin; prepared or made artificially* ; noun a compound made artificially by chemical reactions
  • system   noun instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity* ; the living body considered as made up of interdependent components forming a unified whole* ; a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts* ; a complex of methods or rules governing behavior* ;a procedure or process for obtaining an objective* ; a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole* ;(physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances in different phases are in equilibrium* ; an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized* ; an organized structure for arranging or classifying

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