A-Z list of medicines T

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  • t   noun the 20th letter of the Roman alphabet* ; hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells* ; thyroid hormone similar to thyroxine but with one less iodine atom per molecule and produced in smaller quantity; exerts the same biological effects as thyroxine but is more potent and briefer* ; a unit of information equal to a trillion (1,099,511,627,776) bytes or 1024 gigabytes* ; a unit of weight equivalent to 1000 kilograms* ; one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)* ; a base found in DNA (but not in RNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
  • tablet   noun a small flat compressed cake of some substance* ; a slab of stone or wood suitable for bearing an inscription* ; a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet* ; a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge
  • tabloid   noun newspaper with half size pages* ; sensationalist journalism
  • tact   noun consideration in dealing with others and avoiding giving offence
  • tadalafil   noun virility drug (trade name Cialis) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • tag   noun (sports) the act of touching a player in a game (which changes their status in the game)* ; a game in which one child chases the others; the one who is caught becomes the next chaser* ; a label made of cardboard or plastic or metal* ; a small piece of cloth or paper* ; verb provide with a name or nickname* ; attach a tag or label to* ; touch a player while he is holding the ball* ; supply (blank verse or prose) with rhymes* ; go after with the intent to catch
  • tagamet   noun a drug (trade name Tagamet) used to treat peptic ulcers by decreasing the secretion of stomach acid
  • tall oat grass   noun coarse perennial Eurasian grass resembling oat; found on roadside verges and rough grassland and in hay meadows; introduced in North America for forage
  • tamarack   noun medium sized larch of Canada and northern United States including Alaska having a broad conic crown and rust brown scaly bark
  • tan   adj. of a light yellowish brown color* ; noun a light brown the color of topaz* ; a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun* ; ratio of the opposite to the adjacent side of a right angled triangle* ; verb get a tan, from wind or sun* ; treat skins and hides with tannic acid so as to convert them into leather
  • tanacetum vulgare   noun common perennial aromatic herb native to Eurasia having buttonlike yellow flower heads and bitter tasting pinnate leaves sometimes used medicinally
  • tangerine   adj. of a strong reddish orange color* ; noun a reddish to vivid orange color* ; any of various deep orange mandarins grown in the United States and southern Africa* ; a variety of mandarin orange
  • tapioca   noun granular preparation of cassava starch used to thicken especially puddings
  • taraxacum   noun an asterid dicot genus of the family Compositae including dandelions
  • taraxacum officinale   noun Eurasian plant widely naturalized as a weed in North America; used as salad greens and to make wine
  • target   noun sports equipment consisting of an object set up for a marksman or archer to aim at* ; a reference point to shoot at* ; the location of the target that is to be hit* ; the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable)* ; a person who is the aim of an attack (especially a victim of ridicule or exploitation) by some hostile person or influence* ; verb intend (something) to move towards a certain goal
  • taurine   adj. of or relating to or resembling a bull* ; noun a colorless crystalline substance obtained from the bile of mammals
  • tazicef   noun a parenteral cephalosporin (trade names Fortaz and Tazicef) used to treat moderate infections
  • tea   noun a light midafternoon meal of tea and sandwiches or cakes* ; dried leaves of the tea shrub; used to make tea* ; a beverage made by steeping tea leaves in water* ; a reception or party at which tea is served* ; a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India; source of tea leaves
  • teething   noun the eruption through the gums of baby teeth
  • temazepam   noun a frequently prescribed benzodiazepine (trade name Restoril); takes effect slowly and lasts long enough to help those people who wake up frequently during the night
  • tension headache   noun a headache located at the back of the head; usually caused by body tension resulting from overwork or psychological stress
  • terazosin   noun antihypertensive drug (trade name Hytrin) used to treat high blood pressure
  • terbinafine   noun an oral antifungal drug (trade name Lamisil) used to treat cases of fungal nail disease
  • test   noun the act of testing something* ; the act of undergoing testing* ; any standardized procedure for measuring sensitivity or memory or intelligence or aptitude or personality etc* ; a hard outer covering as of some amoebas and sea urchins* ; trying something to find out about it* ; a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge* ; verb undergo a test* ; determine the presence or properties of (a substance)* ; achieve a certain score or rating on a test* ; put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to* ;show a certain characteristic when tested* ; examine someone's knowledge of something* ; test or examine for the presence of disease or infection
  • testosterone   noun a potent androgenic hormone produced chiefly by the testes; responsible for the development of male secondary sex characteristics
  • tetracaine   noun a crystalline compound used in the form of a hydrochloride as a local anesthetic
  • teucrium marum   noun Mediterranean germander having small hairy leaves and reddish purple flowers; attractive to cats
  • teucrium scorodonia   noun European germander with one sided racemes of yellow flowers; naturalized in North America
  • theophylline   noun a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator
  • thiamine   noun a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth
  • thiotepa   noun an antineoplastic drug used to treat certain malignancies
  • thiothixene   noun a tranquilizer (trade name Navane) used to treat schizophrenia
  • thuja occidentalis   noun small evergreen of eastern North America having tiny scalelike leaves on flattened branchlets
  • thyme   noun leaves can be used as seasoning for almost any meat and stews and stuffings and vegetables* ; any of various mints of the genus Thymus
  • thymus   noun large genus of Old World mints: thyme* ; a ductless glandular organ at the base of the neck that produces lymphocytes and aids in producing immunity; atrophies with age
  • thymus serpyllum   noun aromatic dwarf shrub common on banks and hillsides in Europe; naturalized in United States
  • thymus vulgaris   noun common aromatic garden perennial native to the western Mediterranean; used in seasonings and formerly as medicine
  • thyroid   adj. suggestive of a thyroid disorder* ; of or relating to the thyroid gland* ; noun located near the base of the neck
  • time zone   noun any of the 24 regions of the globe (loosely divided by longitude) throughout which the same standard time is used
  • timothy   noun a grass grown for hay* ; a disciple of Saint Paul who became the leader of the Christian community at Ephesus* ; grass with long cylindrical spikes frown in northern United States and Europe for hay
  • tincture   noun (pharmacology) a medicine consisting of an extract in an alcohol solution* ; a substances that colors metals* ; a quality of a given color that differs slightly from a primary color* ; an indication that something has been present* ; verb stain or tint with a color* ; fill, as with a certain quality
  • tinnitus   noun a ringing or booming sensation in one or both ears; a symptom of an ear infection or Meniere's disease
  • titanium dioxide   noun a white powder used as a pigment for its high covering power and durability
  • tlc   noun considerate and solicitous care
  • tm   noun a soft silvery metallic element of the rare earth group; isotope 170 emits X rays and is used in small portable X ray machines; it occurs in monazite and apatite and xenotime
  • toast   noun slices of bread that have been toasted* ; a celebrity who receives much acclaim and attention* ; a drink in honor of or to the health of a person or event* ; a person in desperate straits; someone doomed* ; verb propose a toast to* ; make brown and crisp by heating
  • tobacco   noun leaves of the tobacco plant dried and prepared for smoking or ingestion* ; aromatic annual or perennial herbs and shrubs
  • tobramycin   noun an antibiotic (trade name Nebcin) that is especially effective against Gram negative bacteria
  • toffee   noun caramelized sugar cooled in thin sheets
  • tofranil   noun a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Imavate and Tofranil) used to treat clinical depression
  • tolazamide   noun a drug (trade name Tolinase) used in treating stable adult onset diabetes mellitus
  • tolbutamide   noun sulfonylurea; an oral antidiabetic drug (trade name Orinase) used in the treatment of adult onset diabetes mellitus
  • tonic   adj. used of syllables* ; relating to or being the keynote of a major or minor scale* ; employing variations in pitch to distinguish meanings of otherwise similar words* ; of or relating to or producing normal tone or tonus in muscles or tissue* ; imparting vitality and energy* ; noun a medicine that strengthens and invigorates* ; (music) the first note of a diatonic scale* ; lime or lemon flavored carbonated water containing quinine* ; a sweet drink containing carbonated water and flavoring
  • tonsillitis   noun inflammation of the tonsils (especially the palatine tonsils)
  • toothpowder   noun a dentifrice in the form of a powder
  • trandate   noun antihypertensive drug (trade names Trandate and Normodyne) that blocks alpha and beta adrenergic receptors of the sympathetic nervous system (leading to a decrease in blood pressure)
  • trauma   noun an emotional wound or shock often having long lasting effects* ; any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
  • trazodone   noun oral antidepressant (trade name Desyrel) that is a nontricyclic drug used as a sedative
  • trazodone hydrochloride   noun oral antidepressant (trade name Desyrel) that is a nontricyclic drug used as a sedative
  • tree of heaven   noun deciduous rapidly growing tree of China with foliage like sumac and sweetish fetid flowers; widely planted in United States as a street tree because of its resistance to pollution
  • triazolam   noun a form of benzodiazepine (trade name Halcion) frequently prescribed as a sleeping pill; usually given to people who have trouble falling asleep
  • trifolium pratense   noun erect to decumbent short lived perennial having red purple to pink flowers; the most commonly grown forage clover
  • trifolium repens   noun creeping European clover having white to pink flowers and bright green leaves; naturalized in United States; widely grown for forage
  • trillium   noun any liliaceous plant of the genus Trillium having a whorl of three leaves at the top of the stem with a single three petaled flower
  • triple   adj. having three units or components or elements* ; three times as great or many* ; noun a base hit at which the batter stops safely at third base* ; a quantity that is three times as great as another* ; a set of three similar things considered as a unit* ; verbincrease threefold* ; hit a three base hit
  • trout   noun any of various game and food fishes of cool fresh waters mostly smaller than typical salmons* ; flesh of any of several primarily freshwater game and food fishes
  • tryptophan   noun an amino acid that occurs in proteins; is essential for growth and normal metabolism; a precursor of niacin
  • tube   noun conduit consisting of a long hollow object (usually cylindrical) used to hold and conduct objects or liquids or gases* ;electronic device consisting of a system of electrodes arranged in an evacuated glass or metal envelope* ; (anatomy) any hollow cylindrical body structure* ; an electric railway operating below the surface of the ground (usually in a city)* ; a hollow cylindrical shape* ; verb place or enclose in a tube* ; ride or float on an inflated tube* ; convey in a tube* ;provide with a tube or insert a tube into
  • tums   noun an antacid
  • tuna   noun New Zealand eel* ; any very large marine food and game fish of the genus Thunnus; related to mackerel; chiefly of warm waters* ; important warm water fatty fish of the genus Thunnus of the family Scombridae; usually served as steaks* ; tropical American prickly pear of Jamaica
  • tuna fish   noun important warm water fatty fish of the genus Thunnus of the family Scombridae; usually served as steaks
  • turkey   noun large gallinaceous bird with fan shaped tail; widely domesticated for food* ; an event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual* ; flesh of large domesticated fowl usually roasted* ; a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1923* ; a person who does something thoughtless or annoying
  • tylenol   noun an analgesic for mild pain; also used as an antipyretic; (Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, and Anacin III are trademarks of brands of acetaminophen tablets)
  • tyramine   noun amino acid derived from tyrosine; has a sympathomimetic action; found in chocolate and cola drinks and ripe cheese and beer

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