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Abbreviations of the world

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  • °C degree(s) Celsius, degree(s) centigrade
  • °F degree(s) Fahrenheit
  • ABEDA Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa
  • ACP Group African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
  • ADB Asian Development Bank
  • AfDB African Development Bank
  • AFESD Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
  • AG Australia Group
  • Air Pollution Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
  • Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides or Their Transboundary Fluxes
  • Air Pollution-Sulphur 85 Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30%
  • Air Pollution-Sulphur 94 Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions
  • Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds or Their Transboundary Fluxes
  • AMF Arab Monetary Fund
  • AMISOM African Union Mission in Somalia
  • AMU Arab Maghreb Union
  • ANZUS Australia-New Zealand-United States Security Treaty
  • AOSIS Alliance of Small Island States
  • APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
  • Arabsat Arab Satellite Communications Organization
  • ARF ASEAN Regional Forum
  • ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
  • AU African Union
  • BA Baltic Assembly
  • BCIE Central American Bank for Economic Integration
  • BDEAC Central African States Development Bank
  • BGN United States Board on Geographic Names
  • BIMSTEC Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
  • BIS Bank for International Settlements
  • BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa)
  • BSEC Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone
  • C Commonwealth
  • c.i.f. cost, insurance, and freight
  • CACM Central American Common Market
  • CAEU Council of Arab Economic Unity
  • CAN Andean Community
  • Caricom Caribbean Community and Common Market
  • CB citizen's band mobile radio communications
  • CBSS Council of the Baltic Sea States
  • CCC Customs Cooperation Council
  • CD Community of Democracies
  • CDB Caribbean Development Bank
  • CE Council of Europe
  • CEI Central European Initiative
  • CELAC Community of Latin America and Caribbean States
  • CEMA Council for Mutual Economic Assistance
  • CEMAC Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
  • CEPGL Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries
  • CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research
  • CIA Central Intelligence Agency
  • CICA Conference of Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia
  • CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
  • CITES see Endangered Species
  • COCOM Coordinating Committee on Export Controls
  • COMESA Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
  • Comsat Communications Satellite Corporation
  • CP Colombo Plan
  • CPLP Comunidade dos Paises de Lingua Portuguesa
  • CSN South American Community of Nations became UNASUL - Union of South American Nations
  • CSTO Collective Security Treaty Organization
  • CTBTO Preparatory Commission for the Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
  • CY calendar year
  • D-8 Developing Eight
  • DC developed country
  • DDT dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane
  • Desertification United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa
  • DIA United States Defense Intelligence Agency
  • DSN Defense Switched Network
  • DST daylight savings time
  • DWT deadweight ton
  • EAC East African Community
  • EADB East African Development Bank
  • EAEC Eurasian Economic Community
  • EAPC Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
  • EAS East Asia Summit
  • EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
  • EC European Community or European Commission
  • ECA Economic Commission for Africa
  • ECB European Central Bank
  • ECE Economic Commission for Europe
  • ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
  • ECO Economic Cooperation Organization
  • ECOMIG ECOWAS Mission in The Gambia
  • ECOSOC Economic and Social Council
  • ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States
  • ECSC European Coal and Steel Community
  • EE Eastern Europe
  • EEC European Economic Community
  • EEZ exclusive economic zone
  • EFTA European Free Trade Association
  • EIB European Investment Bank
  • EITI Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
  • EMU European Monetary Union
  • Endangered Species Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES)
  • Environmental Modification Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques
  • ESA European Space Agency
  • ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
  • ESCWA Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
  • EU European Union
  • EUFOR European Union Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Euratom European Atomic Energy Community
  • Eutelsat European Telecommunications Satellite Organization
  • EUTM European Union Training Mission (military force deployed to provide advice, operational training, and education to security forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Central African Republic, Mali, and Somalia)
  • Ex-Im Export-Import Bank of the United States
  • FAO Food and Agriculture Organization
  • FATF Financial Action Task Force
  • FLS Front Line States
  • FOC flags of convenience
  • FSU former Soviet Union
  • FttP FttP: Fiber to the Home (FttP) is a pure fiber-optic cable connection running from an Internet Service Provider (ISP) directly to the user's home or business
  • FY fiscal year
  • FZ Franc Zone
  • GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; now WTO
  • GCC Gulf Cooperation Council
  • GCN Global Caribbean Network
  • GCTU General Confederation of Trade Unions
  • GDP gross domestic product
  • GMT Greenwich Mean Time
  • GNP gross national product
  • GRT gross register ton
  • GSM global system for mobile cellular communications
  • GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development; acronym for member states - Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Moldova
  • GWP gross world product
  • Hazardous Wastes Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
  • HF high-frequency
  • HIV/AIDS human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • IADB Inter-American Development Bank
  • IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
  • IANA Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
  • IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)
  • ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
  • ICC International Chamber of Commerce
  • ICCt International Criminal Court
  • ICJ International Court of Justice (World Court)
  • ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross
  • ICRM International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
  • ICSID International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes
  • ICTR International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
  • ICTY International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
  • IDA International Development Association
  • IDB Islamic Development Bank
  • IDP Internally Displaced Person
  • IEA International Energy Agency
  • IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development
  • IFC International Finance Corporation
  • IFRCS International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
  • IGAD Inter-Governmental Authority on Development
  • IHO International Hydrographic Organization
  • ILO International Labor Organization
  • IMF International Monetary Fund
  • IMO International Maritime Organization
  • IMSO International Mobile Satellite Organization
  • Inmarsat International Maritime Satellite Organization
  • InOC Indian Ocean Commission
  • Intelsat International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
  • Interpol International Criminal Police Organization
  • Intersputnik International Organization of Space Communications
  • IOC International Olympic Committee
  • IOM International Organization for Migration
  • IPU Inter-Parliamentary Union
  • ISO International Organization for Standardization
  • ISP Internet Service Provider
  • ITC International Trade Center
  • ITSO International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
  • ITU International Telecommunication Union
  • ITUC International Trade Union Confederation, the successor to ICFTU (International Confederation of Free Trade Unions) and the WCL (World Confederation of Labor)
  • kg kilogram
  • km kilometer
  • kW kilowatt
  • kWh kilowatt-hour
  • LAES Latin American and Caribbean Economic System
  • LAIA Latin American Integration Association
  • LAS League of Arab States
  • LDC less developed country
  • LLDC least developed country
  • LNG liquefied natural gas
  • LOS see Law of the Sea
  • m meter
  • Marecs Maritime European Communications Satellite
  • Marine Dumping Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping Wastes and Other Matter
  • Medarabtel Middle East Telecommunications Project of the International Telecommunications Union
  • MFO Multinational Force & Observers--Sinai
  • MICAH International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti
  • MIGA Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
  • MINURCAT United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad
  • MINURSO United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
  • MINUSCA United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic
  • MINUSMA United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
  • MINUSTAH United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti
  • mm millimeter
  • MONUSCO United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • mt metric ton
  • NA not available
  • NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
  • NAM Nonaligned Movement
  • NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • NC Nordic Council
  • NEA Nuclear Energy Agency
  • NGA National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  • NGO nongovernmental organization
  • NIB Nordic Investment Bank
  • NIC newly industrializing country
  • NIE newly industrializing economy
  • NIS new independent states
  • nm nautical mile
  • NMT Nordic Mobile Telephone
  • NSG Nuclear Suppliers Group
  • Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water
  • NZ New Zealand
  • OAPEC Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
  • OAS Organization of American States
  • OAU Organization of African Unity; see African Union
  • ODA official development assistance
  • OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
  • OECS Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
  • OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
  • OIC Organization of the Islamic Conference
  • OIF International Organization of the French-speaking World
  • OOF other official flows
  • OPANAL Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
  • OPCW Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
  • OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
  • OSCE Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
  • PCA Permanent Court of Arbitration
  • PFP Partnership for Peace
  • PIF Pacific Islands Forum
  • PPP purchasing power parity
  • RG Rio Group
  • SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
  • SACEP South Asia Co-operative Environment Program
  • SACU Southern African Customs Union
  • SADC Southern African Development Community
  • SAFE South African Far East Cable
  • SCO Shanghai Cooperation Organization
  • SECI Southeast European Cooperative Initiative
  • SELEC Convention of the Southeast European Law Enforcement Centers (successor to SECI)
  • SHF super-high-frequency
  • Ship Pollution Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, 1973 (MARPOL)
  • SICA Central American Integration System
  • Sparteca South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement
  • SPC Secretariat of the Pacific Communities
  • SPF South Pacific Forum
  • TAT Trans-Atlantic Telephone
  • TEU Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit, a unit of measure for containerized cargo capacity
  • UAE United Arab Emirates
  • UDEAC Central African Customs and Economic Union
  • UHF ultra-high-frequency
  • UK United Kingdom
  • UN United Nations
  • UN-AIDS Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS
  • UN-Habitat United Nations Center for Human Settlements
  • UNAMA United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
  • UNAMID African Union/United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur
  • UNASUR Union of South American Nations
  • UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, also known as LOS
  • UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • UNDCP United Nations Drug Control Program
  • UNDEF United Nations Democracy Fund
  • UNDOF United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
  • UNDP United Nations Development Program
  • UNEP United Nations Environment Program
  • UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
  • UNFICYP United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus
  • UNFPA United Nations Population Fund
  • UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
  • UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund
  • UNICRI United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute
  • UNIDIR United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research
  • UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization
  • UNIFIL United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
  • UNISFA United Nations Interim Force for Abyei
  • UNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and Research
  • UNMIK United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
  • UNMIL United Nations Mission in Liberia
  • UNMIS United Nations Mission in the Sudan
  • UNMISS United Nations Mission in South Sudan
  • UNMIT United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste
  • UNMOGIP United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
  • UNOCI United Nations Operation in Cote d'Ivoire
  • UNODC United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime
  • UNOPS United Nations Office of Project Services
  • UNRISD United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
  • UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
  • UNSC United Nations Security Council
  • UNSOM United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia
  • UNSSC United Nations System Staff College
  • UNTSO United Nations Truce Supervision Organization
  • UNU United Nations University
  • UNWTO World Tourism Organization
  • UPU Universal Postal Union
  • US United States
  • USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union); used for information dated before 25 December 1991
  • UTC Coordinated Universal Time
  • UV ultraviolet
  • VHF very-high-frequency
  • VSAT very small aperture terminal
  • WADB West African Development Bank
  • WAEMU West African Economic and Monetary Union
  • WCL World Confederation of Labor
  • WCO World Customs Organization
  • Wetlands Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially As Waterfowl Habitat
  • WEU Western European Union
  • WFP World Food Program
  • WFTU World Federation of Trade Unions
  • Whaling International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling
  • WHO World Health Organization
  • WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
  • WMO World Meteorological Organization
  • WP Warsaw Pact
  • WTO World Trade Organization
  • ZC Zangger Committee

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