Actinotignum schaalii - a species of facultatively anaerobic, gram-positive, catalase-negative, nonmotile, non-spore forming, non-acid fast, nonhemolytic, straight to curved rod-shaped bacteria, in the phylum actinobacteria. This species ferments glucose and produces acetate, succinate and acid; hydrolyzes hippurate, but does not reduce nitrate to nitrite; and does not hydrolyze esculin, gelatin or urea. A. Schaalii is a part of the commensal flora of the human genitourinary tract and may cause urinary tract infections, urosepsis, bacteremia, cellulitis, spondylodiscitis, and endocarditis in humans.
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