Biomedicine

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Biomedicine (i.e. Medical biology) is a branch of medical science that applies biological and other natural-science principles to clinical practice.[1] Biomedicine is related to the ability of humans to cope with environmental stress. The branch especially applies to biology and physiology.[2] Biomedicine also can relate to many other categories in health and biological related fields.

It includes many biomedical disciplines and areas of specialty that typically contain the "bio-" prefix such as:

Medical biology [3] is the cornerstone of modern health care and laboratory diagnostics. It concerns a wide range of scientific and technological approaches: from an in vitro diagnostics[4][5] to the in vitro fertilisation,[6] from the molecular mechanisms of a cystic fibrosis to the population dynamics of the HIV virus, from the understanding molecular interactions to the study of the carcinogenesis,[7] from a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) to the gene therapy.

Medical biology based on molecular biology combines all issues of developing molecular medicine[8] into large-scale structural and functional relationships of the human genome, transcriptome, proteome, physiome and metabolome with the particular point of view of devising new technologies for prediction, diagnosis and therapy [9]

Biomedicine involves the study of (patho-) physiological processes with methods from biology, chemistry and physics. Approaches range from understanding molecular interactions to the study of the consequences at the in vivo level. These processes are studied with the particular point of view of devising new strategies for diagnosis and therapy.[10]

See also

References

  1. "biomedicine (applies biological, physiological) - Memidex dictionary/thesaurus". memidex.com. 2012-10-08. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
  2. "biomedicine - The Free Dictionary". 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
  3. Principles of Medical Biology
  4. In vitro diagnostics
  5. In vitro Diagnostics - EDMA
  6. In vitro fertilization
  7. Molecular aspects of cancerogenesis
  8. Molecular medicine - magazine
  9. Gene Therapy - New Challenges Ahead
  10. "University of Würzburg Graduate Schools: Biomedicine". graduateschools.uni-wuerzburg.de. 2011-10-14. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
  11. Human Genome Project
  12. Human Genome Organization
  13. The Cancer Genome Atlas - projekt opracowania atlasu genomu raka
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