Civil Rights movement
- the movement to secure racial equality in the United States for African Americans that, focusing on the period 1954 through 1968, challenged the practice of racial segregation in the Nation and achieved equal rights legislation for all American citizens. civil rights- those rights and privileges of citizenship and equal protection that the State is constitutionally bound to guarantee all citizens regardless of race, religion, sex, or other characteristics unrelated to the worth of the individual. Protection of civil rights imposes an affirmative obligation upon Government to promote equal protection under the law. These civil rights to personal liberty are guaranteed to all U.S. citizens by the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments and by acts of Congress. Generally, the term civil rights involves positive (or affirmative) Government action to protect against infringement (as defined by the ISE Frequently Asked Questions).