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  • Antarctic Convergence  - a line joining the following points along the parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude: 50 degrees south, 0 degrees; 50 degrees south, 30 degrees east; 45 degrees south, 30 degrees east; 45 degrees south, 80 degrees east; 55 degrees south, 80 degrees east; 55 degrees south, 150 degrees east; 60 degrees south, 150 degrees east; 60 degrees south; 1 50 degrees west; 50 degrees south, 50 degrees west; and 50 degrees south, 0 degrees.
  • Antarctic marine living resources  - the population of finfish, molluscs, crustaceans and all other species of living organisms, including birds, found south of the Antarctic Convergence.
  • Automated Directives System  - A continually updated reference consolidating all federal statutes and regulations relevant to USAID's work. Also called ADS
  • COOP personnel  - category of essential personnel that are employees occupying positions identified to sustain an organization's primary mission functions and mission essential functions. May conduct these activities at an alternate site, virtually or through the observance of an alternate work schedule, b. Are expected to initiate and remain in contact with their Component during an emergency to maintain continuity of operations, and c. Are emergency relocation group (ERG) members and alternate ERG members.
  • Central Index System  - database maintained by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) that serves as a central, DHS-wide index for basic immigrant and nonimmigrant status information on aliens and other individuals subject to the provisions of the immigration and Nationality Act.
  • Cognizant Security Authority  - person designated to serve as the responsible official for all aspects of security program management with respect to protection of intelligence sources and methods under the Senior Official to the Intelligence Community responsibility.
  • Command Post Exercise  - An event that involves simulated forces, plus the commander, the staff, and communications within and among headquarters. Also called CPX
  • Component Intelligence Program  - organization within a Component, a significant purpose of which is the collection, gathering, processing, analysis, production, or dissemination of intelligence, regardless of whether such intelligence is counterintelligence, foreign intelligence, Departmental intelligence, or homeland security intelligence, and regardless of whether such information is National or Departmental Intelligence includes any organization within a Component that employs intelligence professionals (0132 job series) to perform National or Departmental Intelligence Functions.
  • Continuity of Government Readiness Conditions System  - system that establishes readiness levels to provide a flexible and coordinated response to escalating threat levels or actual emergencies focused on possible threats to the National Capital Region.
  • Counterterrorism Security Group  - An interagency body convened on a regular basis to develop terrorism prevention policy and to coordinate threat response and law enforcement investigations associated with terrorism. This group evaluates various policy issues of interagency importance regarding counterterrorism and makes recommendations to senior levels of the policymaking structure for decision. Also called CSG./ FEMA
  • DHS Information Sharing Environment  - mission, processes, and supporting core capabilities that facilitate the sharing of terrorism information, homeland security information, and homeland security-related information both within the Department and between the Department and external entities.
  • DHS Intelligence Enterprise  - primary organizational mechanism for the integration and management of the Department’s intelligence programs, projects, and activities, led by the CINT and consisting of the CIPs of DHS Intelligence Components led by the Chief Intelligence Officer (CINT) and consisting of the Component Intelligence Programs (CIPs) of DHS Intelligence Components.
  • DHS National Operations Center  - 24/ 7/ 365 multi-agency operations center that serves as the primary national-level hub for situational awareness, common operating picture, information fusion, information sharing, communications, and operations coordination pertaining to the prevention of terrorist attacks and incident management.
  • DHS Operational Component  - Department of Homeland Security Component with specific centralized program responsibility for directly achieving one or more of the Department's mission activities includes: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), U.S. Secret Service (USSS) and Transportation Security Administration (TSA).
  • DHS Support Component  - Department of Homeland Security Component that generally provides specific assistance and/ or guidance to other DHS Components and/ or external organizations includes: Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman (CISOMB), Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC), Intergovernmental Affairs, Management (MGMT), Military Advisor’s Office (MIL), National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) , Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (CRCL), Office of Intelligence and Analysis (I&A), Office of Health Affairs (OHA), Office of Inspector General (OIG), Office of Legislative Affairs (OLA), Office of Operations Coordination (OPS), Office of Policy (PLCY), Office of Public Affairs (OPA), Office of the Chief Financial Officer (CFO), Office of the Executive Secretary (ESEC), Office of the General Counsel (OGC), Privacy Office (PRIV), and Science and Technology (S&T).
  • DHS mission area  - enterprise-wide missions with associated goals and objectives that tell in detail what it means to prevent, to protect, to respond, and to recover, as well as to build in security, to ensure resilience, and to facilitate customs and exchange.
  • DHS strategic plan  - written guidance that establishes the goals and objectives for DHS and outlines the strategies to achieve those goals and objectives produced every four years and aligned with the Government Performance and Results Act Modernization Act.
  • DOMESTIC SUPPORT  – HOMELAND SECURITY   – Includes terms related to terrorism, intelligence, cybersecurity, critical infrastructure protection, national all-hazard emergency planning and response to include civil-military coordination.
  • Defense Coordinating Officer  - Individual who serves as the Department of Defense (DOD)’s single point of contact at the Joint Field Office (JFO) for requesting assistance from DOD. With few exceptions, requests for Defense Support of Civil Authorities originating at the JFO are coordinated with and processed through the DCO. The DCO may have a Defense Coordinating Element consisting of a staff and military liaison officers to facilitate coordination and support to activated Emergency Support Functions. Also called DCO./ FEMA
  • Department of Defense Intelligence Information System  - The combination of Department of Defense personnel, procedures, equipment, computer programs, and supporting communications that support the timely and comprehensive preparation and presentation of intelligence and information to military commanders and national-level decision makers. Also called DODIIS.
  • Department of Defense information network operations  - Operations to design, build, configure, secure, operate, maintain, and sustain Department of Defense networks to create and preserve information assurance on the Department of Defense information networks.
  • Department of Defense information network  - The set of information capabilities, and associated processes for collecting, processing, storing, disseminating, and managing information on-demand to warfighters, policy makers, and support personnel, whether interconnected or stand-alone, including owned and leased communications and computing systems and services, software (including applications), data, security DOD
  • Department of Defense support to counterdrug operations  — Support provided by the Department of Defense to law enforcement agencies to detect, monitor, and counter the production, trafficking, and use of illegal drugs. See also counterdrug operations.
  • Department of Homeland Security Intelligence Enterprise  - primary mechanism for the integration and management of the Department’s intelligence programs, projects, and activities led by the Chief Intelligence Officer (CINT) and consisting of the Component Intelligence Programs (CIPs) of DHS Intelligence Components.
  • Disaster Response Registry  - a voluntary registry of contractors who are willing to perform debris removal, distribution of supplies, reconstruction, and other disaster or emergency relief activities established in accordance with the Registry of Disaster Response Contractors. The Registry contains information on contractors who are willing to perform disaster or emergency relief activities within the United States and its outlying areas. The Registry is accessed via https:/ / www.acquisition.gov and alternately through the FEMA website at http:/ / www.fema.gov/ business/ index.shtm. GSA/ DOD
  • Domestic Director of National Intelligence Representative  - Director of National Intelligence (DNI) designee who serve as principal field advisor for Intelligence Community matters, as conduit between the DNI and field Intelligence Community elements, and as the DNI’s personal representative to the senior field representatives of each Intelligence Community element within their area of responsibility.
  • Domestic Nuclear Detection Office  - Department of Homeland Security Support Component responsible to improve the Nation’s capability to detect and report unauthorized attempts to import or use nuclear or radiological material against the Nation.
  • Emergency Public Information  - Information that is disseminated primarily in anticipation of an emergency or during an emergency. In addition to providing situational information to the public, it also frequently provides directive actions required to be taken by the general public./ FEMA
  • Emergency Support Function Annexes  - Present the missions, policies, structures, and responsibilities of Federal agencies for coordinating resource and programmatic support to States, tribes, and other Federal agencies or other jurisdictions and entities when activated to provide coordinated Federal support during an incident. Also called ESF Annexes./ FEMA
  • Emergency Support Function Coordinator  - The entity with management oversight for that particular ESF. The coordinator has ongoing responsibilities throughout the preparedness, response, and recovery phases of incident management. Also called ESF Coordinator./ FEMA
  • Emergency Support Function Primary Agency  - A Federal agency with significant authorities, roles, resources, or capabilities for a particular function within an ESF. A Federal agency designated as an ESF primary agency serves as a Federal executive agent under the Federal Coordinating Officer (or Federal Resource Coordinator for non-Stafford Act incidents) to accomplish the ESF mission. Also called ESP Primary Agency./ FEMA
  • Emergency Support Function Support Agency  - An entity with specific capabilities or resources that support the primary agencies in executing the mission of the ESF. Also called ESP Support Agency./ FEMA
  • FOREIGN SUPPORT  – STABILIZATION AND SECURITY ASSISTANCE   – Includes terms related to fragility, defense and governance, counterterrorism, counter violent extremism, law enforcement, peace keeping operations, atrocity prevention, civil-military coordination and transition.  
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation Network  - classified network runs by the Federal Bureau of Investigation DHS
  • Federal Coordinating Officer  - The official appointed by the President to execute Stafford Act authorities, including the commitment of Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) resources and mission assignment of other Federal departments or agencies. In all cases, the FCO represents the FEMA Administrator in the field to discharge all FEMA responsibilities for the response and recovery efforts underway. For Stafford Act events, the FCO is the primary Federal representative with whom the State Coordinating Officer and other State, tribal, and local response officials interface to determine the most urgent needs and set objectives for an effective response in collaboration with the Unified Coordination Group. Also called FCO./ FEMA
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency Regional Offices  - FEMA has 10 regional offices, each headed by a Regional Administrator. The regional field structures are FEMA’s permanent presence for communities and States across America. Also called FEMA Regional Offices./ FEMA
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency  - Department of Homeland Security Operational Component that leads and supports the Nation in a risk-based, comprehensive emergency management system of preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation, to reduce the loss of life and property and protect the Nation from all hazards including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.
  • Federal Resource Coordinator  - Official who may be designated by the Department of Homeland Security in non-Stafford Act situations when a Federal department or agency acting under its own authority has requested the assistance of the Secretary of Homeland Security to obtain support from other Federal departments and agencies. In these situations, the FRC coordinates support through interagency agreements and memorandums of understanding. The FRC is responsible for coordinating timely delivery of resources to the requesting agency. Also called FRC./ FEMA
  • Federal lands  - lands the fee title to which is owned by the United States and administered by the Secretary of Agriculture or the Secretary of the Interior.
  • Federal lands  - lands the fee title to which is owned by the United States and administered by the Secretary of Agriculture or the Secretary of the Interior. DOI
  • Federal trust species  - migratory birds, threatened species, endangered species, interjurisdictional fish, marine mammals, and other species of concern.
  • Foreign Disclosure and Release Officer  - individual to whom a Senior Foreign Disclosure and Release Authority (SFDRA) has delegated in writing the authority to approve or deny requests for authorization to disclose and release intelligence or controlled unclassified information (CUI) under the SFDRA’s jurisdiction or as authorized in accordance with guidance from the Director of National Intelligence (DNI)as specified in ICD 403.
  • Free-flowing  - existing or flowing in natural condition without impoundment, diversion, straightening, rip- rapping, or other modification of the waterway. The existence, however, of low dams, diversion works, and other minor structures at the time any river is proposed for inclusion in the national wild and scenic rivers DOI
  • Free-flowing  - existing or flowing in natural condition without impoundment, diversion, straightening, rip- rapping, or other modification of the waterway. The existence, however, of low dams, diversion works, and other minor structures at the time any river is proposed for inclusion in the national wild and scenic rivers system shall not automatically bar its consideration for such inclusion: Provided, That this shall not be construed to authorize, intend, or encourage future construction of such structures within components of the national wild and scenic rivers system.
  • Fusion Center  - Facility that brings together into one central location law enforcement, intelligence, emergency management, public health, and other agencies, as well as private-sector and nongovernmental organizations when appropriate, and that has the capabilities to evaluate and act appropriately on all available information./ FEMA
  • General Staff  - A group of incident management personnel organized according to function and reporting to the Incident Commander. The General Staff normally consists of the Operations Section Chief, Planning Section Chief, Logistics Section Chief, and Finance/ Administration Section Chief. An Intelligence/ Investigations Chief may be established, if required, to meet incident management needs./ FEMA
  • Global Command-and-Control System  - Highly mobile, deployable command-and-control system that supports forces for joint and multinational operations throughout the range of military operations, at anytime and anywhere in the world, with compatible, interoperable, and integrated command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence systems. Also called GCCS
  • Government Emergency Telecommunications Service  - service providing authorized Government users with 24-hour nationwide national security/ emergency preparedness service utilizing the surviving public switched network resources under a full range of conditions: crisis, natural disaster, or war.
  • Governor’s authorized representative  - An individual empowered by a Governor to- (1) execute all necessary documents for disaster assistance on behalf of the State, including certification of applications for public assistance; (2) represent the Governor of the impacted State in the Unified Coordination Group, when required; (3) coordinate and supervise the State disaster assistance program to include serving as its grant administrator; and (4) identify, in coordination with the State Coordinating Officer, the State’s critical information needs for incorporation into a list of Essential Elements of Information./ FEMA
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment  - A process to identify hazards and associated risk to persons, property, and structures and to improve protection from natural and human-caused hazards. HIRA serves as a foundation for planning, resource management, capability development, public education, and training and exercises. Also called HIRA./ FEMA
  • Homeland Secure Data Network  - secret-level information network intended to provide information sharing capability to fusion centers and other partners.
  • Homeland Security Council  - Entity that advises the President on national strategic and policy during large- scale incidents. Together with the National Security Council, ensures coordination for all homeland and national security-related activities among executive departments and agencies and promotes effective development and implementation of related policy. Also called HSC./ FEMA
  • Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program  - A capabilities and performance-based exercise program that provides a standardized methodology and terminology for exercise design, development, conduct, evaluation, and improvement planning. Also called HSEEP./ FEMA
  • Homeland Security Information Network Intelligence Community of Interest  - subset of Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN) for state and local intelligence for sharing unclassified information, connecting homeland security mission partners.
  • Homeland Security Information Network  - DHS-managed national secure and trusted web-based portal for information sharing and collaboration among federal, state, local, tribal, territorial, private sector, and international partners engaged in the homeland security mission.
  • Homeland Security Information Network  - The primary reporting method (common national network) for the Department of Homeland Security to reach departments, agencies, and operations centers at the Federal, State, local, and private-sector levels. HSIN is a collection of systems and communities of interest designed to facilitate information sharing, collaboration, and warnings. Also called HSIN./ FEMA
  • Homeland Security Intelligence Council  - DHS advisory body that assists the Chief Intelligence Officer DHS
  • Homeland Security Standing Information Needs  - enduring all-threats and all-hazards information needs of DHS and its federal, state, local, tribal, territorial, and private sector stakeholders and other homeland security partners.
  • Hurricane Liaison Team  - A small team designed to enhance hurricane disaster response by facilitating DHS/
  • Incident Action Plan  - An oral or written plan containing general objectives reflecting the overall strategy for managing an incident. It may include the identification of operational resources and assignments. It may also include attachments that provide direction and important information for management of the incident during one or more operational periods. Also called IAP.
  • Incident Command Post  - The field location where the primary functions are performed. The ICP may be co- located with the incident base or other incident facilities. Also called ICP./ FEMA
  • Incident Command System  - A standardized on-scene emergency management construct specifically designed to provide for the adoption of an integrated organizational structure that reflects the complexity and demands of single or multiple incidents, without being hindered by jurisdictional boundaries. ICS is a management system designed to enable effective incident management by integrating a combination of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications operating within a common organizational structure, designed to aid in the management of resources during incidents. It is used for all kinds of emergencies and is applicable to small as well as large and complex incidents. ICS is used by various jurisdictions and functional agencies, both public and private, to organize field-level incident management operations. Also called ICS./ FEMA
  • Incident Command  - Entity responsible for overall management of the incident. Consists of the Incident Commander, either single or unified command, and any assigned supporting staff./ FEMA
  • Incident Commander  - The individual responsible for all incident activities, including the development of strategies and tactics and the ordering and the release of resources. The Incident Commander has overall authority and responsibility for conducting incident operations and is responsible for the management of all incident operations at the incident site./ FEMA
  • Incident Management Assistance Team  - An interagency national- or regional-based team composed of subject-matter experts and incident management professionals from multiple Federal departments and agencies. Also called IMAT./ FEMA
  • Incident Management Team  - An incident command organization made up of the Command and General Staff members and appropriate functional units of an Incident Command System organization. The level of training and experience of the IMT members, coupled with the identified formal response requirements and responsibilities of the IMT, are factors in determining the “type,” or level, of IMT. IMTs are generally grouped in five types. Types I and II are national teams, Type III are State or regional, Type IV are discipline- or large jurisdiction-specific, and Type V are ad hoc incident command organizations typically used by smaller jurisdictions. Also called IMT./ FEMA
  • Incident management  - Refers to how incidents are managed across all homeland security activities, including prevention, protection, and response and recovery./ FEMA
  • Indian land  - land of Indian tribes, or Indian individuals, which are either held in trust by the United States or DOI
  • Indian land  - land of Indian tribes, or Indian individuals, which are either held in trust by the United States or subject to a restriction against alienation imposed by the United States.
  • Indian lands  - lands of Indian tribes or Indian individuals which are either held in trust by the United States for the benefit of an Indian tribe or subject to a restriction against alienation imposed by the United States.
  • Indian tribe  - any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community of Indians.
  • Indian tribe  - any tribe, band, or other group of Indians subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and recognized as possessing powers of self-government.
  • Information Sharing and Safeguarding Governance Board  - Department’s senior governance and decision- making body for all departmental information sharing and safeguarding issues develops and oversees the implementation of the Department’s information sharing and safeguarding strategy, establishes goals and priorities relating to information sharing and safeguarding, and ensures consistency in information sharing and safeguarding policy and procedures both within the Department and between the Department and other Federal agencies, State and local governments, and private sector and international partners.
  • Insider Threat Operations Center  - intra-departmental operations center responsible for performing and managing the insider threat activities of the DHS Support Components and coordinating the insider threat activities of the DHS Operational Components managed by the Senior Insider Threat Official subject to the guidance and direction of the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis.
  • Interoperability  - The ability of systems, units, or forces to provide services to and to accept services from other systems, units, or forces, and to enable the services to operate effectively together. As applied to the Department of Defense only, the condition achieved among communications-electronics systems or items of communications-electronics equipment when information or services can be exchanged directly and satisfactorily between them and/ or their users. The degree of interoperability should be defined when referring to specific cases
  • Joint After-Action Report  - A written account of significant joint and universal lessons learned that provides the official description of an operational training event. Also called JAAR
  • Joint Doctrine  - Fundamental principles that guide the employment of forces of two or more military departments, in coordinated action and toward a common objective. This authoritative joint doctrine will be followed except when, in the judgment of the commander, exceptional circumstances dictate otherwise. It will be promulgated by or for the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in coordination with the combatant commands and services
  • Joint Event Life Cycle  - The design, planning, preparation, execution, analysis, evaluation, and reporting stages of joint training. Also called JELC
  • Joint Exercise Control Group  - A collection of exercise participants whom the combatant command staff assigns to plan, direct, and control joint exercises. The group includes five subgroups: observer/ trainer; controller; modeling and simulations; role players; and the opposition force. Its organization and responsibilities may vary with the combatant command. Also called JECG
  • Joint Field Office  - The primary Federal incident management field structure. The JFO is a temporary Federal facility that provides a central location for the coordination of Federal, State, tribal, and local governments and private-sector and nongovernmental organizations with primary responsibility for response and recovery. The JFO structure is organized, staffed, and managed in a manner consistent with National Incident Management System principles and is led by the Unified Coordination Group. Although the JFO uses an Incident Command System structure, the JFO does not manage on-scene operations. Instead, the DHS/ FEMA
  • Joint Force Maritime Component Commander  - commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible for making recommendations on the proper employment of assigned, attached, and/ or made available for tasking maritime forces and assets; planning and coordinating maritime operations; or accomplishing such maritime operational missions as may be DHS
  • Joint Mission-Essential Task List  - A written record of commander-selected work objectives that are deemed critical to mission accomplishment. It includes associated tasks, conditions, standards, as well as command- linked and supporting tasks. Also called JMETL. DOS/ USAID
  • Joint Mission-Essential Task  - An assignment from a joint force commander that is deemed vital to mission accomplishment and that is defined with the conditions and standards language of the universal joint task list. Also called JMET
  • Joint Quarterly Readiness Review  - A document that provides the Department of Defense leadership with a current, macro-level assessment of military readiness as defined by the national military strategy that emanates from the combatant commands, the services, and defense combat support agencies. Also called JQRR
  • Joint Task Force Commander  - Individual who exercises operational control of Federal military personnel and most defense resources in a Federal response. Some Department of Defense (DOD) entities, such as the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, may respond under separate established authorities and do not provide support under the operational control of a JTF Commander. Unless federalized, National Guard forces remain under the control of a State Governor. Close coordination between Federal military, other DOD entities, and National Guard forces in a response is critical. Also called JTF Commander./ FEMA
  • Joint Task Force  - A group of joint warfighters that is designated by the secretary of defense, a combatant commander, a sub-unified commander, or an existing joint task force commander. Also called JTF
  • Joint Terrorism Task Force  - multi-jurisdictional task forces established to conduct terrorism-related investigations.
  • Maritime Operations Center  - Navy facility organized, manned and responsible for operational level coordination, synchronization, & guidance of near term planning & execution.
  • Master Training Guide  - A collection of tasks and associated conditions and standards of a specific joint organization. Tasks are derived from joint doctrine and are grouped by mission and/ or function to support organizational training. Also called MTG
  • Military Advisor’s office  - provides counsel to the Secretary and DHS Components in affairs relating to the facilitation, coordination, and execution of policy, procedures, and preparedness activities and operations between DHS and the Department of Defense (DOD).
  • Military Liaison Team  - OFDA Civil-Military coordinators, often embedded in CCMD. Also called MLT
  • Mission Training Assessment  - A commander's subjective critique of the command's training proficiency with respect to assigned missions. Also called MTA
  • Mobile Emergency Response Support  - Response capability whose primary function is to provide mobile telecommunications capabilities and life, logistics, operational and power generation support required for the on-site management of disaster response activities. MERS support falls into three broad categories- (1) operational support elements; (2) communications equipment and operators; and (3) logistics support. Also called MERS./ FEMA
  • Multiagency Coordination Group  - Typically, administrators/ executives, or their appointed representatives, who are authorized to commit agency resources and funds, are brought together and form MAC Groups. MAC Groups may also be known as multiagency committees, emergency management committees, or as otherwise defined by the system. A MAC Group can provide coordinated decision-making and resource allocation among cooperating agencies, and may establish the priorities among incidents, harmonize agency policies, and provide strategic guidance and direction to support incident management activities. Also called MAC Group./ FEMA
  • Multiagency Coordination System(s)  - Multiagency coordination systems provide the architecture to support coordination for incident prioritization, critical resource allocation, communications systems integration, and information coordination. The elements of multiagency coordination systems include facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications. Two of the most commonly used elements are emergency operations centers and MAC Groups. These systems assist agencies and organizations responding to an incident. Also called MACS./ FEMA
  • Multinational Exercise  - A military event that contains one or more non-U.S. participating forces
  • Multinational Force and Observers  - the Multinational Force and Observers established in accordance with the Protocol between Egypt and Israel signed on August 3, 1981, relating to the implementation of the security arrangements of the Treaty of Peace. DOS
  • Multinational Force  - A group of warfighters composed of military elements of nations who have formed an alliance or coalition for some specific purpose
  • Munroe effect  - focusing of blast energy caused by a hollow or void cut into the surface of an explosive.
  • National Counterterrorism Center  - The primary Federal organization for integrating and analyzing all intelligence pertaining to terrorism and counterterrorism and for conducting strategic operational planning by integrating all instruments of national power. Also called NCTC./ FEMA
  • National Crime Information Center  - computerized index of criminal justice information that is available 24 hours a day to authorized agencies to assist in the prompt disclosure of criminal justice and related law enforcement issues is maintained by the Department of Justice/ Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  • National Disaster Medical System  - A coordinated partnership between Departments of Homeland Security, Health and Human Services, Defense, and Veterans Affairs established for the purpose of responding to the needs of casualties of a public health emergency. Also called NDMS.
  • National Disaster Medical System  - A federally coordinated medical system, augmenting the United States’ medical response capability to assist state, local, and tribal authorities in dealing with medical impacts during major peacetime disasters. Also called NDMS.
  • National Disaster Medical System  - A federally coordinated system that augments the Nation's medical response capability. The overall purpose of the NDMS is to establish a single, integrated national medical response capability for assisting State and local authorities in dealing with the medical impacts of major peacetime disasters. NDMS, under Emergency Support Function #8 – Public Health and Medical Services, supports Federal agencies in the management and coordination of the Federal medical response to major emergencies and federally declared disasters. Also called NDMS./ FEMA
  • National Exercise Program  - A Department of Homeland Security-coordinated exercise program based upon the National Planning Scenarios contained which are the National Preparedness Guidelines. This program coordinates and, where appropriate, integrates a 5-year homeland security exercise schedule across Federal agencies and incorporates exercises at the State and local levels./ FEMA
  • National Incident Management System  - System that provides a proactive approach guiding government agencies at all levels, the private sector, and nongovernmental organizations to work seamlessly to prepare for, prevent, respond to, recover from, and mitigate the effects of incidents, regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity, in order to reduce the loss of life or property and harm to the environment. Also called NIMS./ FEMA
  • National Incident Management System  - a system to enable effective, efficient, and collaborative incident management.
  • National Information Exchange Model  - interagency initiative providing a foundation for seamless information exchange includes federal, state, local, and tribal agencies.
  • National Infrastructure Coordinating Center  - As part of the National Operations Center, monitors the Nation’s critical infrastructure and key resources on an ongoing basis. During an incident, the NICC provides a coordinating forum to share information across infrastructure and key resources sectors through appropriate information-sharing entities. Also called NICC./ FEMA
  • National Infrastructure Protection Plan  - Plan that provides a coordinated approach to critical infrastructure and key resources protection roles and responsibilities for Federal, State, tribal, local, and private-sector security partners. The NIPP sets national priorities, goals, and requirements for effective distribution of funding and resources that will help ensure that our government, economy, and public services continue in the event of a terrorist attack or other disaster. Also called NIPP./ FEMA
  • National Joint Terrorism Task Force  - Entity responsible for enhancing communications, coordination, and cooperation among Federal, State, tribal, and local agencies representing the intelligence, law enforcement, defense, diplomatic, public safety, and homeland security communities by providing a point of fusion for terrorism intelligence and by supporting Joint Terrorism Task Forces throughout the United States. Also called NJTTF./ FEMA
  • National Military Command Center  - Facility that serves as the Nation’s focal point for continuous monitoring and coordination of worldwide military operations. It directly supports combatant commanders, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Secretary of Defense, and the President in the command of U.S. Armed Forces in peacetime contingencies and war. Structured to support the President and Secretary of Defense effectively and efficiently, the NMCC participates in a wide variety of activities, ranging from missile warning and attack assessment to management of peacetime contingencies such as Defense Support of Civil Authorities activities. In conjunction with monitoring the current worldwide situation, the Center alerts the Joint Staff and other national agencies to developing crises and will initially coordinate any military response required. Also called NMCC./ FEMA
  • National Operations Center  - Serves as the primary national hub for situational awareness and operations coordination across the Federal Government for incident management. The NOC provides the Secretary of Homeland Security and other principals with information necessary to make critical national-level incident management decisions. Also called NOC./ FEMA
  • National Preparedness Guidelines  - Guidance that establishes a vision for national preparedness and provides a systematic approach for prioritizing preparedness efforts across the Nation. These Guidelines focus policy, planning, and investments at all levels of government and the private sector. The Guidelines replace the Interim National Preparedness Goal and integrate recent lessons learned./ FEMA
  • National Preparedness Vision  - Provides a concise statement of the core preparedness goal for the Nation./ FEMA
  • National Protection and Programs Directorate  - Department of Homeland Security Support Component that oversees the safeguarding of critical information systems and high-risk critical infrastructure including telecommunications assets, leads the Department's cyber defense programs for the general government and the private sector, facilitates the Department’s identity management and biometrics services, coordinates risk management methodologies across the Department works with State, local, and private sector partners to identify threats, determine vulnerabilities, and target resources toward the greatest risks.
  • National Response Coordination Center  - As a component of the National Operations Center, serves as the Department of Homeland Security/ Federal Emergency Management Agency primary operations center responsible for national incident response and recovery as well as national resource coordination. As a 24/ 7 operations center, the NRCC monitors potential or developing incidents and supports the efforts of regional and field components. Also called NRCC./ FEMA
  • National Response Framework  - Guides how the Nation conducts all-hazards response. The Framework documents the key response principles, roles, and structures that organize national response. It describes how communities, States, the Federal Government, and private-sector and nongovernmental partners apply these principles for a coordinated, effective national response. And it describes special circumstances where the Federal Government exercises a larger role, including incidents where Federal interests are involved and catastrophic incidents where a State would require significant support. It allows first responders, decision makers, and supporting entities to provide a unified national response. Also called NRF./ FEMA
  • National Response Framework  - The guiding principles enabling all levels of domestic response partners to prepare for and provide a unified response to disasters and emergencies. Building on the NIMS, as well as ICS standardization, the NRF's coordinating structures are always in effect for implementation at any level DOS/ USAID
  • National Security Council  - Advises the President on national strategic and policy during large-scale incidents. Together with the Homeland Security Council, ensures coordination for all homeland and national security-related activities among executive departments and agencies and promotes effective development and implementation of related policy. Also called NSC./ FEMA
  • National Security System  - telecommunications or information system operated by the Federal Government, the function, operation, or use of which (1) involves intelligence activities; (2) involves cryptologic activities related to national security; (3) involves command and control of military forces; (4) involves equipment that is an integral part of a weapon or weapons system; or (5) is critical to the direct fulfillment of military or intelligence missions does not include a system to be used for routine administrative and business applications (including payroll, finance, logistics, and personnel management applications).
  • National Special Security Event  - An event of national significance as determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security. These national or international events, occurrences, contests, activities, or meetings, which, by virtue of their profile or status, represent a significant target, and therefore warrant additional preparation, planning, and mitigation efforts. Also known as NSSE.
  • National Special Security Event  - a designated event that, by virtue of its political, economic, social, or religious significance, may be the target of terrorism or other criminal activity.
  • National Terrorism Advisory System management office  - matrixed organization that is sponsored by the DHS Counterterrorism Coordinator, with a composition that mirrors the Counterterrorism Advisory Board.
  • National Terrorism Advisory System  - system used by the Department of Homeland Security to effectively communicate information about terrorist threats by providing timely, detailed information to the public, government agencies, first responders, airports and other transportation hubs, and the private sector.
  • National Urban Search and Rescue Response System  - Specialized teams that locate, rescue (extricate), and provide initial medical stabilization of victims trapped in confined spaces. Also called SAR Response System./ FEMA
  • National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster  - A consortium of more than 30 recognized national organizations active in disaster relief. Their organizations provide capabilities to incident management and response efforts at all levels. During major incidents, National VOAD typically sends representatives to the National Response Coordination Center to represent the voluntary organizations and assist in response coordination. Also called National VOAD./ FEMA
  • P5+1 countries  - the United States, France, the Russian Federation, the People's Republic of China, the United Kingdom, and Germany. DOD/ DOJ
  • Principal Federal Official  - May be appointed to serve as the Secretary of Homeland Security’s primary representative to ensure consistency of Federal support as well as the overall effectiveness of the Federal incident management for catastrophic or unusually complex incidents that require extraordinary coordination. Also called PFO./ FEMA
  • Public Information Officer  - A member of the Command Staff responsible for interfacing with the public and media and/ or with other agencies with incident-related information requirements. Also called PIO./ FEMA
  • Regional Response Coordination Centers  - Located in each Federal Emergency Management Agency DHS/ FEMA
  • Rome Statute  - the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, adopted by the United Nations Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court on July 17, 1998. DOS
  • SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE    – Includes terms related to foreign disaster response and humanitarian relief, youth, resilience and climate change as well as sectoral: health, agriculture, education, et al.  
  • Sector Command Center  - Joint - Sector Command Center with U.S. Navy personnel to augment U.S. Coast Guard Sector Command Center organization and coordinate operations and planning.
  • Sector Command Center  - U.S. Coast Guard organization that serves in an operations integration function capacity and is organizationally located to equally support both Response and Prevention Departments with the Sector Command.
  • Sector Coordinating Council  - a private sector coordinating council composed of representatives of owners and operators within a particular sector of critical infrastructure established by the National Infrastructure Protection Plan or any successor.
  • Sector-Specific Agency  - in the Presidential Policy Directive entitled 'Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience', numbered 21, and dated February 12, 2013.
  • Secure Internet Protocol Router Network  - U.S. Department of Defense network for the exchange of classified information and messages at the Secret level.
  • Senior Accountable Official Directive System  - person in a Component at the Chief of Staff level or higher DHS
  • Senior Agency Official Classified Information  - person designated by the agency head to direct and administer the agency’s program under which information is classified, safeguarded, and declassified.
  • Sensitive But Unclassified information  - information that is not classified, but is sensitive in nature and the unauthorized disclosure of which could adversely impact a person’s privacy or welfare, the conduct of federal programs, or other programs or operations essential to the national interest.
  • Sensitive Compartmented Information Operational Network  - Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI ) enterprise network for processing, transmitting, and storing information at the Top Secret/ SCI level.
  • Special Security Officer  - person designated the responsibility for the secure operation of a sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF) and ensuring the secure processing, handling, storage, destruction, and transmittal of U.S. Government classified and sensitive compartmented information (SCI)works under the direction of the Chief, Special Security Programs Division or the Assistant Commandant Intelligence and Criminal Investigations (for USCG).
  • Special Security Representative  - person who works under the direction of the supporting Special Security Officer (SSO) in a given area of responsibility.
  • Special event  - An international or domestic event, contest, activity, or meeting, which by its very nature, or by specific statutory or regulatory authority, may warrant security, safety, and other logistical support or assistance.
  • Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction Operations  - A core U.S. military mission that includes activities across the peace-war spectrum that are conducted to establish or maintain order in states or regions in order to achieve sustainable peace, while advancing U.S. interests
  • Stafford Act  - The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act. This Act describes the programs and processes by which the Federal Government provides disaster and emergency assistance to State and local governments, tribal nations, eligible private nonprofit organizations, and individuals affected by a declared major disaster or emergency. The Stafford Act covers all hazards, including natural disasters and terrorist events./ FEMA
  • State Coordinating Officer  - The individual appointed by the Governor to coordinate State disaster assistance efforts with those of the Federal Government. The SCO plays a critical role in managing the State response and recovery operations following Stafford Act declarations. The Governor of the affected State appoints the SCO, and lines of authority flow from the Governor to the SCO, following the State's policies DHS/ FEMA
  • State Emergency Management Agency Director  - The official responsible for ensuring that the State is prepared to deal with large-scale emergencies and for coordinating the State response in any incident. This includes supporting local governments as needed or requested and coordinating assistance with other States and/ or the Federal Government./ FEMA
  • State Homeland Security Advisor  - Person who serves as counsel to the Governor on homeland security issues and may serve as a liaison between the Governor’s office, the State homeland security structure, the Department of Homeland Security, and other organizations both inside and outside of the State./ FEMA
  • State and Major Urban Area Fusion Center  - collaborative effort of two or more federal, state, local, or tribal government agencies, owned and operated by state and/ or local entities, that combines resources, expertise, and information to maximize the ability of such entities to detect, prevent, investigate, apprehend, and respond to terrorist threats or activities, criminal activity, or other threats to public safety.
  • Stop Tuberculosis Partnership  - the partnership of the World Health Organization, donors including the United States, high tuberculosis burden countries, multilateral agencies, and nongovernmental and technical agencies committed to short- and long-term measures required to control and eventually eliminate tuberculosis as a public health problem in the world
  • Stop Tuberculosis Strategy  - the 6-point strategy to reduce tuberculosis developed by the World Health Organization, which is described in the Global Plan to Stop TB 2006–2015: Actions for Life, a comprehensive plan developed by the Stop TB Partnership that sets out the actions necessary to achieve the millennium development goal of cutting tuberculosis deaths and disease burden in half by 2015. Also called Stop TB Strategy
  • Stop Tuberculosis Strategy  - the 6-point strategy to reduce tuberculosis developed by the World Health Organization, which is described in the Global Plan to Stop TB 2006–2015: Actions for Life, a comprehensive plan developed by the Stop TB Partnership that sets out the actions necessary to achieve the millennium development goal of cutting tuberculosis deaths and disease burden in half by 2015. Also called Stop TB Strategy. DOS
  • Strategic Guidance Statement and Strategic Plan  - Documents that together define the broad national strategic objectives; delineate authorities, roles, and responsibilities; determine required capabilities; and develop performance and effectiveness measures essential to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents./ FEMA
  • Strategic Information and Operations Center  - The focal point and operational control center for all Federal intelligence, law enforcement, and investigative law enforcement activities related to domestic terrorist incidents or credible threats, including leading attribution investigations. The SIOC serves as an information clearinghouse to help collect, process, vet, and disseminate information relevant to law enforcement and criminal investigation efforts in a timely manner. Also called SIOC./ FEMA
  • Strategic Petroleum Reserve  - petroleum products stored in storage facilities pursuant to this part
  • T Visa  - Visa for nonimmigrant status granted to those who are or have been victims of human trafficking allowing them to remain in the United States to assist in an investigation or prosecution of human trafficking allows victims of human trafficking to remain in the United States for up to four years (or longer if a limited exception applies), receive work authorization, and, if certain conditions are met, apply for adjustment of status to that of an lawful permanent resident (LPR) .
  • T-nonimmigrant status  - nonimmigrant status set aside for those who are or have been victims of human trafficking, protects victims of human trafficking and allows victims to remain in the United States to assist in an investigation or prosecution of human trafficking allows victims of human trafficking to remain in the United States for up to four years (or longer if a limited exception applies), receive work authorization, and, if certain conditions are met, apply for adjustment of status to that of an lawful permanent resident (LPR).
  • TEMPEST  - codename name referring to investigation, study, and control of compromising emanations from telecommunications and information systems equipment.
  • Targeted Violence Information Sharing System  - U.S. Secret Service centralized database of names of subjects, allowing name checks to determine whether an individual is of protective interest to any other agency within the TAVISS network.
  • Technical Surveillance Countermeasure Program Manager  - individual appointed by the DHS Chief Intelligence Officer or designee, charged with the management of all facets of the DHS Technical Surveillance Countermeasure Program.
  • Technical Surveillance Countermeasure Technician  - individual that has successfully graduated from the Interagency Training Center’s technical surveillance countermeasure fundamentals course DHS
  • Technical Surveillance Countermeasures Program  - mechanisms for measurements taken to detect or prevent technical penetration for information security includes: technical surveillance countermeasure (TSCM) services; TSCM investigations; technical and physical security assessments; and technical security threat briefings.
  • Transportation Security Administration  - Department of Homeland Security Operational Component that protects the Nation’s transportation systems by ensuring the freedom of movement for people and commerce.
  • U Visa  - U nonimmigrant status for victims of criminal activity designated in INA (qualifying crimes) who have suffered substantial mental or physical abuse as a result of being a victim of criminal activity, possess information concerning the crime, and are being helpful to law enforcement and government officials in the investigation or prosecution of the criminal activity allows victims to remain in the United States for up to four years (or longer if a limited exception applies), receive work authorization, and, if certain conditions are met, apply for adjustment of status to that of a lawful permanent resident (LPR).
  • U-nonimmigrant status  - nonimmigrant status set aside for those who are or have been victims of criminal activity designated in INA (qualifying crimes) who have suffered substantial mental or physical abuse as a result of being a victim of criminal activity, possess relevant information concerning the crime, and have been helpful, are being helpful, or are likely to be helpful to law enforcement or government officials in the investigation or prosecution of the criminal activity. allows victims to remain in the United States for up to four years (or longer if a limited exception applies), receive work authorization, and, if certain conditions are met, apply for adjustment of status to that of a lawful permanent resident (LPR).
  • U.S. Customs and Border Protection personnel  - import specialists, auditors, and other appropriate employees of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
  • U.S. Forces  - All armed U.S. troops, including those of the Coast Guard, as individuals and as a group, and all equipment that belongs to the U.S. or that is being used, escorted, or conveyed by U.S. military personnel, including Type I and II Military Sealift Command vessels
  • U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement personnel  - Homeland Security Investigations Directorate personnel and other appropriate employees of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
  • USA PATRIOT Act  - the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of 2001.
  • Unified Area Command  - Command system established when incidents under an Area Command are multijurisdictional. See Area Command./ FEMA
  • Unified Command  - An Incident Command System application used when more than one agency has incident jurisdiction or when incidents cross political jurisdictions. Agencies work together through the designated members of the UC, often the senior person from agencies and/ or disciplines participating in the UC, to DHS/ FEMA
  • Unified Coordination Group  - Provides leadership within the Joint Field Office. The Unified Coordination Group is comprised of specified senior leaders representing State and Federal interests, and in certain circumstances tribal governments, local jurisdictions, the private sector, or nongovernmental organizations. The Unified Coordination Group typically consists of the Principal Federal Official (if designated), Federal Coordinating Officer, State Coordinating Officer, and senior officials from other entities with primary statutory or jurisdictional responsibility and significant operational responsibility for an aspect of an incident (e.g., the Senior Health Official, Department of Defense representative, or Senior Federal Law Enforcement Official if assigned). Within the Unified Coordination Group, the Federal Coordinating Officer is the primary Federal official responsible for coordinating, integrating, and synchronizing Federal response activities./ FEMA
  • United States Citizenship and Immigration Services  - Department of Homeland Security Operational Component that oversees lawful immigration to the United States by establishing national immigration services policies and priorities.
  • United States Coast Guard  - Department of Homeland Security Operational Component that protects the public, the environment, and U.S. economic and security interests in any maritime region in which those interests may be at risk, including international waters and America’s coasts, ports, and inland waterways and is one of the Nation’s five armed forces.
  • United States Customs and Border Protection  - Department of Homeland Security Operational Component that secures the Nation’s borders while facilitating the flow of legitimate trade and travel, safeguards the Nation’s homeland at and beyond its borders, enforces U.S. laws and regulations, and executes a priority mission of keeping terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering the United States DHS
  • United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement  - Department of Homeland Security Operational Component that enforces immigration and customs laws and protects the United States against terrorist attacks by identifying criminal activities and eliminating vulnerabilities that pose a threat along our borders, as well as enforcing economic, transportation and infrastructure security.
  • United States Secret Service  - Department of Homeland Security Operational Component that protects the President and Vice President of the United States, their families, heads of state, and other designated individuals; plans and implements security designs for designated National Special Security Events; investigates violations of laws relating to counterfeiting of obligations and securities of the United States; investigates financial crimes that include, but are not limited to, access device fraud; and investigates computer-based attacks and intrusions.
  • United States assistance- (A) any assistance under this Act, other than  — any other narcotics-related assistance under this part, but any such assistance provided under this clause shall be subject to the prior notification procedures applicable to reprogramming, disaster relief assistance, including any assistance, assistance which involves the provision of food or medicine, and assistance for refugees; (B) sales, or financing on any terms, under the Arms Export Control Act; (C) the provision of agricultural commodities, other than food, under the Food for Peace Act; and (D) financing under the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945
  • United States assistance  - development and other economic assistance, including assistance made available under the following provisions of law: (1) Chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to development assistance). (2) Chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to the economic support fund). (3) Chapter 10 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to the Development Fund for Africa). (4) Chapter 11 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to assistance for the independent states of the former Soviet Union). (5) The Support for East European Democracy Act. DOS
  • United States border officer  - with respect to a particular port of entry into the United States, any United States official who is performing duties at that port of entry.
  • United States maritime domain  - all U.S. ports, inland waterways, harbors, navigable waters, Great Lakes, territorial seas, contiguous zone, customs waters, coastal seas, littoral areas, the U.S. EEZ and oceanic regions of U.S. National interest, as well as the seas lanes to the United States, U.S. maritime approaches, and the high seas surrounding America.
  • United States of America geographical  - 50 states and the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, any possession of the United States, and associated territorial waters and airspace.
  • United States person information  - information that concerns or relates to a United States person, regardless of whether that information permits the identity of a United States person to be directly or indirectly inferred.
  • United States person  - individual that is: 1) a United States citizen; (2) a Lawful Permanent Resident; (3 ) protected individual; (4) a group substantially composed of U.S. Citizens and/ or Lawful Permanent Residents; or (5) a corporation incorporated in the United States, except for a corporation directed or controlled by a foreign government or governments.
  • United States  - all Territories and possessions of the United States except the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Wake Island, Midway Islands, Kingman Reef, Johnston Island, and the island of Guam.
  • United States  - all areas included within the territorial boundaries of the United States, including the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other territory or possession over which the United States exercises jurisdiction.
  • United States  - any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, any possession of the United States, and any waters within the jurisdiction of the United States.
  • United States  - the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and any other territory or possession of the United States.
  • United States  - the Canal Zone, and all territory and waters, continental or insular, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. The term person shall be deemed to mean any individual, partnership, association, company, or other incorporated body of individuals, or corporation, or body politic.
  • United States  - the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, and the District of Columbia./ USCG
  • United States  - the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
  • United States  - the customs territory of the United States, as defined in General Note 2 to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States.
  • United States  - the several States, the District of Columbia, and any commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.
  • Universal Task List  - A menu of unique tasks that link strategies to prevention, protection, response, and recovery tasks for the major events represented by the National Planning Scenarios. It provides a common vocabulary of critical tasks that support development of essential capabilities among organizations at all levels. The List was used to assist in creating the Target Capabilities List./ FEMA
  • Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces  - A framework for structuring local emergency services personnel into integrated disaster response task forces. The 28 National US&R Task Forces, complete with the necessary tools, equipment, skills, and techniques, can be deployed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency to assist State and local governments in rescuing victims of structural collapse incidents or to assist in other search and rescue missions. Also called US&R Task Forces./ FEMA
  • VA health care facility  - a facility under the jurisdiction of the Veterans Health Administration of the Department of Veterans Affairs. DVA
  • Violence Against Women Act cancellation of removal  - type of waiver that allows certain qualified immigrants in deportation or removal proceedings to be granted permanent residence application for relief with the immigration court for victims of domestic violence who are in removal proceedings applicants must demonstrate before the immigration judge their having suffered abuse as the spouse or intended spouse or child of a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident, or, in the case of a child, status as the child’s non-abusive parent. Also called Violence Against Women Act cancellation of removal.
  • Violence Against Women Act self petitioner  - certain persons who have been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty by a qualifying relative may self-petition for lawful permanent resident status, allowing them to remain in the United States and eventually apply for naturalization include: the spouse, child or parent of an abusive U.S. citizen; the spouse or child of an abusive LPR; the conditional resident spouse or child of an abusive U.S. citizen or LPR; the spouse or child of an alien eligible for relief under the Cuban Adjustment Act, the Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act, or the Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act; and the spouse or child eligible for suspension of deportation due to abuse by a U.S. citizen or LPR.
  • Visible Intermodal Prevention and Response Team  - Transportation Security Administration team that provide an unannounced, high-visibility presence in a mass transit or passenger rail environment by working along-side federal, state and local law enforcement agencies during periods of high alert or special events.
  • World Bank  - the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Development Association. DOS
  • aboveground storage tank  - storage tank where more than 90 percent of its capacity is above the ground may contain petroleum or regulated hazardous substances.
  • absolute risk unmitigated  - level of risk that exists without risk controls hypothetical condition that would exist if risk mitigation measures were absent.
  • absolute risk  - level of risk expressed with real-world units of measurement that allows for independent interpretation without comparison to estimates of other risks.
  • acceptable risk  - level of risk at which, given costs and benefits associated with reduction measures, no action is deemed to be warranted at a given point in time.
  • access and functional need accommodation  - circumstances that are met for providing physical, programmatic, and effective communication access to the whole community by accommodating individual requirements through universal accessibility and/ or specific actions or modifications includes assistance, accommodation or modification for mobility, communication, transportation, safety, health maintenance, etc.; need for assistance, accommodation or modification due to any situation (temporary or permanent) that limits an individual’s ability to take action in an emergency.
  • access information  - ability to obtain information.
  • accident  - a mine explosion, mine ignition, mine fire, or mine inundation, or injury to, or death of, any person.
  • accidental hazard  - source of harm or difficulty created by negligence, error, or unintended failure.
  • act of God  - an unanticipated grave natural disaster or other natural phenomenon of an exceptional, inevitable, and irresistible character the effects of which could not have been prevented or avoided by the exercise of due care or foresight.
  • act of international terrorism  - an act (A) which is violent or dangerous to human life and that is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or any State; and (B) which appears to be intended — (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (iii) to affect the conduct of a government by assassination or kidnapping. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • act of piracy  - any act of aggression, search, restraint, depredation, or seizure attempted against a vessel of the United States by an individual not authorized by the United States, a foreign government, or an international organization recognized by the United States to enforce law on the high seas. DOT/ Maritime
  • act of terrorism  - any act that the Secretary determines meets the requirements under subparagraph (B), as such requirements are further defined and specified by the Secretary. (B) An act meets the requirements of this subparagraph if the act — (i) is unlawful;
(ii) causes harm to a person, property, or entity, in the United States, or in the case of a domestic United States air carrier or a United States-flag vessel (or a vessel based principally in the United States on which United States income tax is paid and whose insurance coverage is subject to regulation in the United States), in or outside the United States; and (iii) uses or attempts to use instrumentalities, weapons or other methods designed or intended to cause mass destruction, injury or other loss to citizens or institutions of the United States.
  • act of war  - any act occurring in the course of — (A) declared war; (B) armed conflict, whether or not war has been declared, between two or more nations; or (C) armed conflict between military forces of any origin. DOJ
  • activity cycle  - Loosely outlined by five stages - Idea, Pending, Cleared, Completed, and Closed - the Activity Cycle aims to focus people on the intentionality of implementation and evaluating its impact. Throughout the Activity Cycle, lessons learned must be documented and then subsequently used in creating follow-on activities. Similarly, new ideas may stem from one activity that lead to other ideas in an effort to maximize the positive impact
  • adaptation strategy  - a land use and management strategy that can be used — (A) to increase the sequestration capabilities of covered greenhouse gases of any ecosystem; or
(B) to reduce the emissions of covered greenhouse gases from any ecosystem. DOD/ DOJ
  • adaptive ecosystem management  - a natural resource management process under which planning, implementation, monitoring, research, evaluation, and incorporation of new knowledge are combined into a management approach that — (i) is based on scientific findings and the needs of society;
(ii) treats management actions as experiments;
(iii) acknowledges the complexity of these systems and scientific uncertainty; and
(iv) uses the resulting new knowledge to modify future management methods and policy.
  • adaptive risk  - category of risk that includes threats intentionally caused by humans.
  • adequate security  - security protections commensurate with the risk resulting from the unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction of information. This includes ensuring that information hosted on behalf of an agency and information systems and applications used by the agency operate effectively and provide appropriate confidentiality, integrity, and availability protections through the application of cost-effective security controls. White House
  • administrative control  - Direction or exercise of authority over subordinate or other organizations in respect to administration and support. Also called ADCON.
  • advanced readiness contracting  - A type of contracting that ensures contracts are in place before an incident for commonly needed commodities and services such as ice, water, plastic sheeting, temporary power, and debris removal./ FEMA
  • adversary  - A party acknowledged as potentially hostile to a friendly party and against which the use of force may be envisaged.
  • adversary  - person, group, organization, or government that conducts or has the intent to conduct detrimental activities.
  • adverse event  - occurrence or condition that caused harm may be due to acts of commission or omission.
  • affiliated persons  - the following persons shall be considered to be affiliated or affiliated persons: (A ) Members of a family, including brothers and sisters (whether by the whole or half blood), spouse, ancestors, and lineal descendants. (B) Any officer or director of an organization and such organization. (C) Partners. (D) Employer and employee. (E) Any person directly or indirectly owning, controlling, or holding with power to vote, 5 percent or more of the outstanding voting stock or shares of any organization and such organization.(F) Two or more persons directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by, or under common control with, any person. (G) Any person who controls any other person and such other person. A person shall be considered to control another person if the person is legally or operationally in a position to exercise restraint or direction over the other person.
  • affordable readiness  - optimal balance between operational effectiveness and dollar efficiency at a level that meets mission requirements DHS
  • after-action review  - 1. A process that provides commanders with direct feedback regarding the accomplishment of selected joint mission-essential tasks, conditions, and standards, stated in terms of training objectives, for the evaluation of training proficiency. 2. An analytical assessment of training events that enables the training audience, through a facilitated professional discussion, to examine actions and results during a training event
  • agency  - A division of government with a specific function offering a particular kind of assistance. In the Incident Command System, agencies are defined either as jurisdictional (having statutory responsibility for incident management) or as assisting or cooperating (providing resources or other assistance). Governmental organizations are most often in charge of an incident, though in certain circumstances private-sector organizations may be included. Additionally, nongovernmental organizations may be included to provide support./ FEMA
  • agent  - a nuclear, biological, chemical, or radiological substance that causes agricultural disease or the adulteration of products regulated by the Secretary of Agriculture under any provision of law.
  • agent  — In intelligence usage, one who is authorized or instructed to obtain or to assist in obtaining information for intelligence or counterintelligence purposes.
  • aggrieved person  - a person who is the target of an electronic surveillance or any other person whose communications or activities were subject to electronic surveillance. DOD/ DHS
  • aggrieved person  - a person whose premises, property, information, or material is the target of physical search or any other person whose premises, property, information, or material was subject to physical search. DOD/ DHS
  • aggrieved person  - any person (A) whose telephone line was subject to the installation or use of a pen register or trap and trace device authorized by this subchapter; or (B) whose communication instrument or device was subject to the use of a pen register or trap and trace device authorized by this subchapter to capture incoming electronic or other communications impulses. DOD/ DHS
  • agricultural biosecurity  - protection from an agent that poses a threat to — (A) plant or animal health; (B ) public health as it relates to the adulteration of products regulated by the Secretary of Agriculture under any provision of law that is caused by exposure to an agent; or (C) the environment as it relates to agriculture facilities, farmland, and air and water within the immediate vicinity of an area associated with an agricultural disease or outbreak.
  • agricultural biosecurity  - protection from an agent that poses a threat to — (A) plant or animal health; (B) public health as it relates to the adulteration of products regulated by the Secretary of Agriculture under any provision of law that is caused by exposure to an agent; or (C) the environment as it relates to agriculture facilities, farmland, and air and water within the immediate vicinity of an area associated with an agricultural disease or outbreak.
  • agricultural disease emergency  - an incident of agricultural disease that requires prompt action to prevent significant damage to people, plants, or animals.
  • agricultural operation  - all eligible land, whether or not contiguous, that is — (A) under the effective control of a producer at the time the producer enters into a contract under the program; and (B) operated with DOI
  • agricultural operation  - all eligible land, whether or not contiguous, that is — (A) under the effective control of a producer at the time the producer enters into a contract under the program; and
(B) operated with equipment, labor, management, and production or cultivation practices that are substantially separate from other agricultural operations, as determined by the Secretary.
  • agroterrorist act  - an act that — (A) causes or attempts to cause — (i) damage to agriculture; or (ii) injury to a person associated with agriculture; and (B) is committed or appears to be committed with the intent to — (i) intimidate or coerce a civilian population; or (ii) disrupt the agricultural industry in order to influence USDA
  • agroterrorist act  - an act that — (A) causes or attempts to cause — (i) damage to agriculture; or (ii) injury to a person associated with agriculture; and (B) is committed or appears to be committed with the intent to — (i) intimidate or coerce a civilian population; or (ii) disrupt the agricultural industry in order to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion.
  • air domain awareness  - effective understanding of information, threats, and anything associated with the air domain that could impact the security, safety, or economy of the United States.
  • air domain  - sphere of knowledge, influence and activity concerning areas and things of global airspace includes domestic, international, and foreign airspace, as well as all manned and unmanned aircraft operating, and people and cargo present in that airspace, and all aviation-related infrastructures.
  • air dropped bomb  - explosive article dropped from an aircraft.
  • air-borne improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) held aloft by aerodynamic means or buoyancy and/ or serves as concealment means for explosives with an initiating device.
  • alien  - any person not a citizen or national of the United States.
  • alien  - any person who is not a citizen or national of the United States. DOJ
  • alien  - person not a citizen or national of the United States.
  • all crimes  - approach that incorporates terrorism and other high-risk threats into the existing crime-fighting framework to ensure that possible precursor crimes are screened and analyzed for linkages to larger-scale terrorist or other crimes recognizes that there is a nexus between types of criminal activity (for example; illegal drug operations, gangs, money laundering, fraud, identity theft, and terrorism).
  • all hazards  - a threat or an incident, natural or manmade, that warrants action to protect life, property, the environment, and public health or safety, and to. minimize disruptions of government, social, or economic activities. It includes natural disasters, cyber incidents, industrial accidents, pandemics, acts of terrorism, sabotage, and destructive criminal activity targeting critical infrastructure. White House
  • all hazards  - grouping classification encompassing all conditions, environmental or man-made, that have the potential to cause injury, illness, or death; damage to or loss of equipment, infrastructure services, or property; or alternately causing functional degradation to societal, economic or environmental aspects.
  • all-hazards approach  - An approach for prevention, protection, preparedness, response, and recovery that addresses a full range of threats and hazards, including domestic terrorist attacks, natural and manmade disasters, accidental disruptions, and other emergencies. DHHS
  • all-hazards approach  - of threats and hazards, including domestic terrorist attacks, natural and human-caused] disasters, accidental disruptions, and other emergencies. DHHS
  • all-hazards  - Describing an incident, natural or manmade, that warrants action to protect life, property, environment, and public health or safety, and to minimize disruptions of government, social, or economic activities./ FEMA
  • all-source intelligence  - 1. Intelligence products and/ or organizations and activities that incorporate all sources of information in the production of finished intelligence. 2. In intelligence collection, a phrase that indicates that in the satisfaction of intelligence requirements, all collection, processing, exploitation, and reporting systems and resources are identified for possible use and those most capable are tasked.
  • allotment management plan  - a document prepared in consultation with the lessees or permittees involved, which applies to livestock operations on the public lands or on lands within National Forests in the eleven contiguous Western States and which: (1) prescribes the manner in, and extent to, which livestock operations will be conducted in order to meet the multiple-use, sustained-yield, economic and other needs and objectives as determined for the lands by the Secretary concerned; and (2) describes the type, location, ownership, and general specifications for the range improvements to be installed and maintained on the lands to meet the livestock grazing and other objectives of land management; and (3) contains such other provisions relating to livestock grazing and other objectives found by the Secretary concerned to be consistent with the provisions of this Act and other applicable law.
  • alluvial valley floors  - the unconsolidated stream laid deposits holding streams where water availability is sufficient for subirrigation or flood irrigation agricultural activities but does not include upland areas which are generally overlain by a thin veneer of colluvial deposits composed chiefly of debris from sheet erosion, DOI
  • alluvial valley floors  - the unconsolidated stream laid deposits holding streams where water availability is sufficient for subirrigation or flood irrigation agricultural activities but does not include upland areas which are generally overlain by a thin veneer of colluvial deposits composed chiefly of debris from sheet erosion, deposits by unconcentrated runoff or slope wash, together with talus, other mass movement accumulation and windblown deposits.
  • ammonium nitrate facility  - any entity that produces, sells or otherwise transfers ownership of, or provides application services for ammonium nitrate.
  • ammonium nitrate purchaser  - any person who purchases ammonium nitrate from an ammonium nitrate facility.
  • ammonium nitrate  - 
(A) solid ammonium nitrate that is chiefly the ammonium salt of nitric acid and contains not less than 33 percent nitrogen by weight; and
(B) any mixture containing a percentage of ammonium nitrate that is equal to or greater than the percentage determined by the Secretary.
  • animal rights extremist  - group or person who facilitate or engage in acts of unlawful violence directed against people, businesses, or government entities perceived to be exploiting or abusing animals.
  • animal-borne improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) delivered to a target by means of an animal.
  • annexes  - See Emergency Support Function Annexes, Incident Annexes, and Support Annexes./ FEMA
  • annunciator  - device that signals a change of protection zone status in a security system and provides status information about a circuit, condition, system, or location normally contains one or more indicator lamps, alphanumeric displays, computer monitors, or other equivalent means of identification.
  • anti-abortion extremist  - group or person who facilitate or engage in acts of unlawful violence directed against the providers of abortion related services, their employees, and their facilities in support of the belief that the practice of abortion should end.
  • anti-aircraft improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident primarily intended to damage or destroy an aircraft and/ or their payload as well as to kill or wound individuals inside the aircraft.
  • anti-aircraft improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) primarily intended to damage or DHS
  • anti-armor improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident primarily intended to damage or destroy armored vehicles and/ or to kill or wound individuals inside armored vehicles.
  • anti-armor improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) that utilizes a directional explosive effect primarily intended to penetrate armored vehicles.
  • anti-disturbance/ movement switch  - switch that causes two parts to make contact, completing a circuit after a disturbance to a device (tilt, vibration).
  • anti-first responder improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) primarily intended to kill or wound first responders such as police/ law enforcement, medics, and firefighters.
  • anti-government extremist  - group or person who facilitate or engage in unlawful acts of violence directed at federal, state, or local law enforcement, other government officials, critical infrastructure or government facilities in order to affect the conduct of a government or influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion, in response to their belief that their liberties are being taken away by the perceived unconstitutional or otherwise illegitimate actions of government officials or law enforcement.
  • anti-infrastructure improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident primarily intended to damage or destroy physical infrastructure such as pipelines, communications towers, bridges, buildings, utility lines and/ or facilities such as electrical transformers or water pump houses.
  • anti-infrastructure improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) primarily intended to damage or destroy physical infrastructure such as pipelines, communications towers, bridges, buildings, utility lines and/ or facilities such as electrical transformers or water pump houses.
  • anti-maritime improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) primarily intended to damage or destroy maritime vessels and/ or their payload.
  • anti-personnel improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) primarily intended to kill or wound people.
  • anti-vehicle improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident primarily intended to damage or destroy vehicles – excluding armored vehicles – and/ or their cargo as well as to kill or wound individuals inside such vehicles.
  • anti-vehicle improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) primarily intended to damage or destroy vehicles – is not intended to penetrate a vehicle’s armor.
  • antiterrorism  - Defensive measures used to reduce the vulnerability of individuals and property to terrorist acts, to include rapid containment by local military and civilian forces. Also called AT. See also counterterrorism; terrorism.
  • apprehend  - to take physical control or temporarily detain an individual suspected of wrongdoing or posing a potential threat to National security without actual arrest.
  • aquaculture facility  - any land, structure, or other appurtenance that is used for aquaculture and is located in any State. Such term includes, but is not limited to, any laboratory, hatchery, rearing pond, raceway, pen, incubator, or other equipment used in aquaculture.
  • aquaculture  - the propagation and rearing of aquatic species in controlled or selected environments, including, but not limited to, ocean ranching (except private ocean ranching of Pacific salmon for profit in those States where such ranching is prohibited by law).
  • aquatic nuisance species  - a nonindigenous species that threatens the diversity or abundance of native species or the ecological stability of infested waters, or commercial, agricultural, aquacultural or recreational activities dependent on such waters.
  • aquatic nuisance species  - a nonindigenous species that threatens the diversity or abundance of native species or the ecological stability of infested waters, or commercial, agricultural, aquacultural or recreational activities dependent on such waters. DOI
  • aquatic resource education program  - a program designed to enhance the public's understanding of aquatic resources and sportfishing, and to promote the development of responsible attitudes and ethics toward the aquatic environment.
  • aquatic species  - any species of finfish, mollusk, crustacean, or other aquatic invertebrate, amphibian, reptile, or aquatic plant.
  • area command  - An organization established to oversee the management of multiple incidents that are each being handled by a separate Incident Command System organization or to oversee the management of a very large or evolving incident that has multiple incident management teams engaged. An agency administrator/ executive or other public official with jurisdictional responsibility for the incident usually makes the decision to establish an Area Command. An Area Command is activated only if necessary, depending on the complexity of the incident and incident management span-of-control considerations./ FEMA
  • area of operations  - An operational area defined by the joint force commander for land and maritime forces that should be large enough to accomplish their missions and protect their forces. Also called AO. See DOD
  • area of operations  - An operational area defined by the joint force commander for land and maritime forces that should be large enough to accomplish their missions and protect their forces. Also called AO. See also area of responsibility; joint operations area; joint special operations area.
  • area of responsibility  - geographical area associated with a command within which the commander has the authority to plan and conduct operations - in addition to geographic delineation, an area of responsibility may also be relative to subject, mission, or other factors.
  • areas of critical environmental concern  - areas within the public lands where special management attention is required (when such areas are developed or used or where no development is required) to protect and prevent irreparable damage to important historic, cultural, or scenic values, fish and wildlife resources or other natural systems or processes, or to protect life and safety from natural hazards.
  • armed force or group  - any army, militia, or other military organization, whether or not it is state-sponsored, excluding any group assembled solely for nonviolent political association. DOJ
  • arming switch  - switch that prevents arming until an acceptable set of criteria has occurred and subsequently effect arming and allows functioning.
  • arrival  – arrival at a port of entry in the customs territory of the United States.
  • assessment message  - message supplying the evaluation and interpretation of measurements and other information to provide a basis for decision-making provides credible but non-specific threats, or provides in- depth analysis on a specific topic, trend, or development for decision-making and policy support.
  • assessment message  - message supplying the evaluation and interpretation of measurements and other information to provide a basis for decision-making provides credible but non-specific threats, or provides in-depth analysis on a specific topic, trend, or development for decision-making and policy support.
  • assessment  - 1. A continuous process that measures the overall effectiveness of employing joint force capabilities during military operations. 2. Determination of the progress toward accomplishing a task, creating a condition, or achieving an objective. 3. Analysis of the security, effectiveness, and potential of an existing or planned intelligence activity. 4. Judgment of the motives, qualifications, and characteristics of present or prospective employees or “agents.” DOD
  • assessment  - The evaluation and interpretation of measurements and other information to provide a basis for decision-making./ FEMA
  • assessment  - product and process of evaluating information based on a set of criteria for the purpose of informing priorities, developing or comparing courses of action, and informing decision making criteria determines the type of assessment.
  • assessment  - the analysis and critical evaluation of pre-existing environmental, political, sociological, cultural or other conditions or situations which would have an effect upon or influence the success of a program or achievement of a Development Objective
  • assignment  - A task given to a resource to perform within a given operational period that is based on operational objectives defined in the Incident Action Plan./ FEMA
  • assistance  - The President is authorized to provide assistance, including providing such assistance through international or nongovernmental organizations, for programs in developing countries to provide basic care and services for orphans and other vulnerable children. Such programs should provide assistance. DOS
  • assistance  - a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement. DHHS
  • assistance  - any loan or financial or technical assistance, or any other use of funds. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • assistance  - operational, training, intelligence, logistical, technical, and administrative assistance. DOS
  • assistance  - personnel, services, supplies, equipment, facilities, and other assistance if such assistance is provided by the Department of Defense or any other United States Government agency. DOS
  • assistance  - the direct provision of any course of advanced education by the Secretary concerned, reimbursement by the Secretary concerned for any course of advanced education provided by another department or agency of the Federal Government, or the payment, in whole or in part, by the Secretary concerned for any course of advanced education provided by any public or private educational institution or other entity, but such term does not include the payment for any course of advanced education which is paid for under DOD
  • assistance  - the direct provision of any course of advanced education by the Secretary concerned, reimbursement by the Secretary concerned for any course of advanced education provided by another department or agency of the Federal Government, or the payment, in whole or in part, by the Secretary concerned for any course of advanced education provided by any public or private educational institution or other entity, but such term does not include the payment for any course of advanced education which is paid for under chapter 106 or 107 of this title.
  • assistance  - the provision of, or the provision of access to, information (including communication contents, communications records, or other information relating to a customer or communication), facilities, or another form of assistance. DOD/ DHS
  • assistance  - the provision of, or the provision of access to, information (including communication contents, communications records, or other information relating to a customer or communication), facilities, or another form of assistance. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • assistance  - the transfer of anything of value for a public purpose of support or stimulation that is — (A ) authorized by a law of the United States; (B) provided by the United States Government through grant or contractual arrangements (including technical assistance programs providing assistance by loan, loan guarantee, or insurance); and (C) not an annual payment by the United States Government to the District of Columbia government. Treasur y
  • assistance  - the transfer of anything of value for a public purpose of support or stimulation that is — (A ) authorized by a law of the United States; (B) provided by the United States Government through grant or contractual arrangements (including technical assistance programs providing assistance by loan, loan guarantee, or insurance); and (C) not an annual payment by the United States Government to the District of Columbia government. Treasury
  • assumption  - a supposition on the current situation or a presupposition on the future course of events, either or both assumed to be true in the absence of positive proof, necessary to enable the commander in the process of planning to complete an estimate of the situation and make a decision on the course of action
  • assured access  - a requirement for critical national security, homeland security, and civil missions and is defined as a sufficiently robust, responsive, and resilient capability to allow continued space operations, consistent with risk management and affordability. The Secretary of Defense and the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, as appropriate, are responsible for assuring access to space. White House
  • asylee  - person granted asylum under the Immigration and Nationality Act person who meets the definition of refugee under INA but is either physically in the U.S., or is at a land border or port of entry of the U.S. at the time of seeking refuge.
  • asylum and refugee information  - information contained in or pertaining to asylum applications, credible fear determinations, reasonable fear determinations, and refugee applications includes applications for relief under the Convention Against Torture, withholding of removal, and asylee/ refugee follow-to-join petitions.
  • asylum officer  - an immigration officer who — (i) has had professional training in country conditions, asylum law, and interview techniques comparable to that provided to full-time adjudicators of applications, and (ii) is supervised by an officer who meets the condition described in clause (i) and has had substantial experience adjudicating asylum applications.
  • atomic energy  - all forms of energy released in the course of nuclear fission or nuclear transformation. DOD/ DHS
  • atomic weapon  - any device utilizing atomic energy, exclusive of the means for transporting or propelling the device (where such means is a separable and divisible part of the device), the principal purpose of which is for use as, or for development of, a weapon, a weapon prototype, or a weapon test device. DOD/ DHS
  • attack geography  - description of the geography surrounding the improvised explosive device (IED) incident, such as road segment, buildings, foliage, etc.
  • attack method  - manner and means, including the weapon and delivery method, an adversary may use to cause harm on a target.
  • attack path  - steps that an adversary takes or may take to plan, prepare for, and execute an attack.
  • attack the network operations  - Lethal and nonlethal actions and operations against networks conducted continuously and simultaneously at multiple levels (tactical, operational, and strategic) that capitalize on or create key vulnerabilities and disrupt activities to eliminate the enemy’s ability to function in order to enable DOD
  • attack the network operations  - Lethal and nonlethal actions and operations against networks conducted continuously and simultaneously at multiple levels (tactical, operational, and strategic) that capitalize on or create key vulnerabilities and disrupt activities to eliminate the enemy’s ability to function in order to enable success of the operation or campaign. Also called AtN operations.
  • authorized person classified information  - person who has a favorable determination of eligibility for access to classified information and has a need-to-know such information has signed an approved nondisclosure agreement.
  • authorized  - having authority, right, or permission pursuant to the provisions of a statute, Executive order, directive of the head of any department or agency engaged in foreign intelligence or counterintelligence activities, order of any United States court, or provisions of any Rule of the House of Representatives or resolution of the Senate which assigns responsibility within the respective House of Congress for the oversight of intelligence activities. DOD/ DHS
  • authorizing official special access program  - person with the authority to formally assume responsibility for operating a special access program at an acceptable level of risk.
  • automatic declassification  - the declassification of information based solely upon:
(1) the occurrence of a specific date or event as determined by the original classification authority; or (2) the expiration of a maximum time frame for duration of classification established under this order. DOD/ DHS
  • aviation stakeholders  - entity that owns and/ or operates aviation infrastructure assets or has responsibilities for the safety, efficiency, and/ or security of the air domain includes Federal, State, local, and tribal government levels as well as international partners and the private sector that own and/ or operate aviation infrastructure assets (including all aviation conveyances, as well as airport facilities and air traffic equipment).
  • background investigation  - process of using various types of personnel security investigations into an applicant’s or an employee’s history to determine the individual’s suitability or fitness for employment and/ or to make a determination as to whether the individual is eligible for access to classified information at the appropriate level for the position conducted using a variety of methods including the completion of standard form (SF) questionnaires, electronic inquiries, written or telephonic inquiries, or through personal contact with individuals.
  • background review  - a review of information provided by the Director of National Intelligence and the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation regarding personal background, including information relating to any history of criminal activity or to any evidence of espionage. DOD/ DHS
  • backstop  - The skill category of a particular position in USAID (e.g., country director, contracts officer); also, the numeric code used to identify a skill category
  • bank or World Bank  - the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. DOS
  • barge removal contractor  - a person that enters into a contract with the United States to remove an abandoned barge under this chapter. DOT/ Maritim e
  • barge  - a vessel that is non-self-propelled and that is often pushed ahead, towed alongside, or towed astern on a hawser by a towing vessel. It does not include a vessel that is propelled by sail only. DOT/ Maritim e
  • barometric sensor  - sensor that acts as a switch by the measurement of atmospheric (air/ water) pressure.
  • base floodplain  - area subject to inundation from a flood of a magnitude that occurs once every 100 years on the average a flood having a 1 percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year.
  • baseline level of protection  - degree of security provided by the set of countermeasures identified facility security level which must be implemented any deviation must be justified by a risk assessment.
  • baseline risk  - current level of risk that takes into account existing risk mitigation measures.
  • behavioral health aftercare  - those activities and resources used to support recovery following inpatient, residential, intensive substance abuse, or mental health outpatient plan has been developed with the client. An aftercare plan may use such resources as a community-based therapeutic group, transitional living DOI
  • behavioral health aftercare  - those activities and resources used to support recovery following inpatient, residential, intensive substance abuse, or mental health outpatient plan has been developed with the client. An aftercare plan may use such resources as a community-based therapeutic group, transitional living facilities, a 12-step sponsor, a local 12-step or other related support group, and other community-based providers or outpatient treatment. The purpose is to help prevent or deal with relapse by ensuring that by the time a client or patient is discharged from a level of care, such as outpatient treatment, an after care.
  • beneficiary country  - any country with respect to which there is in effect a proclamation by the President designating such country as a beneficiary country for purposes of this chapter. Before the President designates any country as a beneficiary country for purposes of this chapter, he shall notify the House of Representatives and the Senate of his intention to make such designation, together with the considerations entering into such decision.
  • beneficiary developing country  - any country with respect to which there is in effect an Executive order or Presidential proclamation by the President designating such country as a beneficiary developing country for purposes of this subchapter.
  • benefitting species  - I) increasing the hydroperiod and water depth of a stream or wetland beyond what would naturally occur;
(II) improving waterfowl habitat conditions;
(III) establishing water level management capabilities for native plant communities; (IV) creating mud flat conditions important for shorebirds; and
(V) cross fencing or establishing a rotational grazing system on native range to improve grassland nesting bird habitat conditions; and (ii) an activity conducted to shift a native plant community successional stage, including — (I) burning an established native grass community to reduce or eliminate invading brush or exotic species;
(II) brush shearing to set back early successional plant communities; and (III) forest management that promotes a particular serial stage.
  • bio-toxin  - toxic substance produced by and derived from plants and animals.
  • biofuel  - a fuel derived from renewable biomass.
  • biological hazard  - An organism, or substance derived from an organism, that poses a threat to human or animal health.
  • biosurveillance  - The process of gathering, integrating, interpreting, and communicating essential information related to all-hazards threats or disease activity affecting human, animal, or plant health to achieve early detection and warning, contribute to overall situational awareness of the health aspects of an incident, and to enable better decision-making at all levels. DHHS
  • bioterrorism  - use of, or threatened use of, biological agents, such as manmade or natural disease pathogens, for terrorist purposes.
  • blacklisting  - The process used to identify- (i) software programs not authorized on an information system; or DOS/ USAID
  • blasting accessory  - devices and materials used in blasting includes; cap crimpers, tamping bags, blasting DHS
  • blasting agent  - explosive material which meet prescribed criteria for insensitivity to initiation.
  • blasting cap/ detonator  - device containing a sensitive explosive intended to produce a detonation wave can be either electric or non-electric (plain).
  • booby trap  - explosive or non-explosive device or other material deliberately placed to cause casualties when an apparently harmless object is disturbed or a normally safe act is performed.
  • border crosser  - alien resident of the United States reentering the country after an absence of less than six months in Canada or Mexico, or a nonresident alien entering the United States across the Canadian border for stays of no more than six months or a nonresident alien entering the United States across the Mexican border for stays of no more than 72 hours.
  • border crossing identification card  - a document of identity bearing that designation issued to an alien who is lawfully admitted for permanent residence, or to an alien who is a resident in foreign contiguous territory, by a consular officer or an immigration officer for the purpose of crossing over the borders between the United States and foreign contiguous territory in accordance with such conditions for its issuance and use as may be prescribed by regulations. Such regulations shall provide that (A) each such document include a biometric identifier (such as the fingerprint or handprint of the alien) that is machine readable and (B) an alien presenting a border crossing identification card is not permitted to cross over the border into the United States unless the biometric identifier contained on the card matches the appropriate biometric characteristic of the alien.
  • building partnership capacity  - Targeted efforts to improve the collective capabilities and performance of the Department of Defense and its partners, including other U.S. government departments and agencies; state and local governments; allies, coalition members and other nations; multinational organizations; and nongovernmental organizations at home and abroad. Also called BPC
  • building partnership capacity  - targeted effort to improve the collective capabilities and performance of the Department of Defense and its partners. Partnership capacity includes the capability to defeat terrorist networks, defend the U.S. homeland in depth, shape the choices of countries at strategic crossroads, prevent hostile states and non-state actors from acquiring or using WMD, conduct irregular warfare (IW) and stabilization, security, transition and reconstruction (SSTR) operations, conduct "military diplomacy", enable host countries to provide good governance and enable the success of integrated foreign assistance
  • bulk explosive  - manufactured explosive charge in its original packaging or that has been removed from weapons or munitions.
  • burial site  - any natural or prepared physical location, whether originally below, on, or above the surface of the earth, into which as a part of the death rite or ceremony of a culture, individual human remains are deposited.
  • buried line sensor fiber-optic cable  - terrain following detection device buried in the ground that responds to changes in light traveling through the fiber caused by vibrations in the ground such as an intruder stepping on the ground above the fiber passive, covert sensor.
  • buried line sensor magnetic field  - terrain following detection device buried in the ground that responds to changes in the local magnetic field caused by movement of ferromagnetic material such as vehicles or intruders with weapons passive, covert sensor.
  • buried line sensor ported coaxial cable  - terrain following detection device buried in the ground that responds to motion of a material with a high dielectric constant of high conductivity near the cables such as humans or vehicles active, covert sensor.
  • buried line sensor pressure/ seismic  - terrain following detection device buried in the ground that responds to disturbances of the soil caused by an intruder walking, running, jumping, or crawling on the ground passive, covert sensor.
  • business continuity planning  - process of documenting a predetermined set of instructions or procedures that describe how an organization’s business functions will be sustained during and after a significant disruption.
  • business development services  - support for the growth of microenterprises through training, technical assistance, marketing assistance, improved production technologies, and other related services
  • business development services  - support for the growth of microenterprises through training, technical assistance, marketing assistance, improved production technologies, and other related services. DOS
  • business operations  - engaging in commerce in any form in Sudan, including by acquiring, developing, maintaining, owning, selling, possessing, leasing, or operating equipment, facilities, personnel, products, services, personal property, real property, or any other apparatus of business or commerce. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • business/ operational risk  - risk associated with business goals includes; risk that the proposed alternative fails to result in process efficiencies and streamlining; risk that business goals of the program or initiative will not be achieved; risk that the investment will not achieve operational goals; risk that the program effectiveness targeted by the project will not be achieved.
  • cache improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident that involves the discovery and/ or recovery of unarmed devices, improvised explosive device (IED) components, and improvised explosive device (IED) paraphernalia that involves long-term storage in a permanent, fixed location.
  • cache  - A predetermined complement of tools, equipment, and/ or supplies stored in a designated location, available for incident use./ FEMA
  • calendar of events  - A calendar formed as part of the Rolling Assessment and daily analysis process that projects, forecasts and identifies critical events that we can knowingly predict, assign to a date or time period, and critical events that do not yet have a date/ time but which present opportunities once scheduled
  • canal structure  - an embankment, wall, or structure along a canal or manmade watercourse that — (i ) constrains water flows; (ii) is subject to frequent water loading; and (iii) is an integral part of a flood risk reduction system that protects the leveed area from flood waters associated with hurricanes, precipitation events, seasonal high water, and other weather-related events.
  • canine inspection  - use of a dog team to detect specific substances or the presence of property or persons that may pose a threat, are not in compliance with laws, or are at risk.
  • capability gap  - instance of a capability that DHS and/ or its stakeholders/ partners require to perform the mission, but do not currently possess and is not planned to be provided by existing programs.
  • capability overlap  - instance when multiple DHS Components have capabilities with similar goals, support similar activities, or target similar mission needs.
  • capability redundancy  - instance when additional or alternative capabilities exist across DHS Components to include those with primary application in other or related mission/ functional areas maintains a degree of overall functionality in case of loss or failure of another but which may, following analysis of required capacity, provide opportunities for efficiencies across the Department.
  • capacity building and advocacy activities  - efforts that — (A) result in laws, regulations, policies, practices, procedures, or organizational structures that promote consumer-responsive programs or entities; and (B) facilitate and increase access to, provision of, and funding for, assistive technology devices and assistive technology services, in order to empower individuals with disabilities to achieve greater independence, productivity, and integration and inclusion within the community and the workforce. DOL
  • capacity building and advocacy activities  - efforts that—
(A) result in laws, regulations, policies, practices, procedures, or organizational structures that promote consumer-responsive programs or entities; and
(B) facilitate and increase access to, provision of, and funding for, assistive technology devices and assistive technology services, in order to empower individuals with disabilities to achieve greater independence, productivity, and integration and inclusion within the community and the workforce. DOL
  • capacity building  - A process whereby people, organizations, and society as a whole are enabled to strengthen, create, improve, adapt, or maintain their abilities to manage their affairs, through training, mentoring, networking, and improvements in equipment, infrastructure, programs, and organizational structure. DOS/ USAID
  • capacity building  - enabling people, organizations, and societies to develop, strengthen, and expand their abilities to meet their goals or fulfill their mandates. Capacity is strengthened through the transfer of knowledge and skills that enhance individual and collective abilities to deliver services and carry out programs that address challenges in a sustainable way. It is a long-term and continuous process that focuses on developing human resources, organizational strength, and legal structures, and it involves all stakeholders including civil society. Related terms include capacity development and capacity strengthening. The latter term emphasizes the need to build upon existing capacity as much as possible
  • capital improvement  - a structure, a fixture, or nonremovable equipment provided by a concessioner pursuant to the terms of a concession contract and located on land of the United States within a System unit.
  • career law enforcement officer  - a person hired on a permanent basis who is authorized by law or by a State or local public agency to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, or investigation of violations of criminal laws
  • cargo scanning  - use of nonintrusive equipment, including imaging and radiation detection equipment, to capture data relative to any form of cargo container and/ or container contents.
  • cargo  - a loaded or empty container on a vessel. DOT/ Maritim e
  • cast explosive  - manufactured explosive poured in liquid form and allowed to harden.
  • catastrophic emergency  - Any incident, regardless of location, that results in extraordinary levels of mass casualties, damage, or disruption severely affecting the U.S. population, infrastructure, environment, economy, or government functions
  • catastrophic event  - Any natural or man-made incident, including terrorism, which results in extraordinary levels of mass casualties, damage, or disruption severely affecting the population, infrastructure, environment, economy, national morale, and/ or government functions.
  • catastrophic incident  - Any natural or manmade incident, including terrorism, that results in extraordinary levels of mass casualties, damage, or disruption severely affecting the population, infrastructure, environment, economy, national morale, and/ or government functions./ FEMA
  • catastrophic incident  - any natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster that results in extraordinary levels of casualties or damage or disruption severely affecting the population (including mass evacuations), infrastructure, environment, economy, national morale, or government functions in an area.
  • catastrophic incident  - natural disaster or act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster that results in extraordinary levels of casualties or damage or disruption severely affecting the population (including mass evacuations), infrastructure, environment, economy, national morale, or government functions in an area.
  • cave resource  - any material or substance occurring naturally in caves on Federal lands, such as animal life, plant life, paleontological deposits, sediments, minerals, speleogens, and speleothems.
  • cave  - any naturally occurring void, cavity, recess, or system of interconnected passages which occurs beneath the surface of the earth or within a cliff or ledge (including any cave resource therein, but not including any dug, mine, tunnel, aqueduct, or other manmade excavation) and which is large enough to permit an individual to enter, whether or not the entrance is naturally formed or manmade. Such term shall include any natural pit, sinkhole, or other feature which is an extension of the entrance.
  • certification and accreditation  - comprehensive assessment of the management, operational, and technical security controls in an information system, made in support of security accreditation, to determine the extent to which the controls are implemented correctly, operating as intended, and producing the desired DHS
  • chain of command  - A series of command, control, executive, or management positions in hierarchical order of authority./ FEMA
  • chemical agent and munition  - an agent or munition that, through its chemical properties, produces lethal or other damaging effects on human beings, except that such term does not include riot control agents, chemical herbicides, smoke and other obscuration materials. DOD/ DHS
  • chemical agent  - chemical substance which is intended for use in military operations to kill, seriously injure, or incapacitate mainly through its physiological effects.
  • chemical facility of interest  - a facility that—
(A) holds, or that the Secretary has a reasonable basis to believe holds, a chemical of interest, at a threshold quantity set pursuant to relevant risk-related security principles; and (B) is not an excluded facility.
  • chemical hazard  - Any chemical manufactured, used, transported, or stored that can cause death or other harm through toxic properties of those materials, including chemical agents and chemical weapons prohibited under the Chemical Weapons Convention as well as toxic industrial chemicals.
  • chemical improvised explosive device enhancement  - chemical agent specifically designed to cause death or other harm through toxic properties that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED).
  • chemical timing switch  - timing switch using the reaction of chemical compounds as a switch to provide a delay before starting the initiation train.
  • chemical weapon  - toxic chemical or its precursor that can cause death, injury, temporary incapacitation or sensory irritation through its chemical action.
  • chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear consequence management  - Actions taken to plan, prepare, respond to, and recover from chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear incidents. Also called CBRN CM.
  • chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear consequence management  - Actions taken to plan, prepare, respond to, and recover from chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear incidents. Also called CBRN DOD
  • chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear defense  - Measures taken to minimize or negate the vulnerabilities to, and/ or effects of, a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear hazard or incident. Also called CBRN defense.
  • chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear environment  — An operational environment that includes chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear threats and hazards and their potential resulting effects. Also called CBRN environment.
  • chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear hazard  - Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear elements that could create adverse effects due to an accidental or deliberate release and dissemination. Also called CBRN hazard.
  • chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear incident  - Any occurrence, resulting from the use of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons and devices; the emergence of secondary hazards arising from counterforce targeting; or the release of toxic industrial materials into the environment, involving the emergence of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear hazards.
  • child labor  - the worst forms of child labor as defined in International Labor Convention 182, the Convention Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor, done at Geneva on June 17, 1999. DOS
  • child neglect  - Characterized by failure to provide for the child's basic needs. The assessment of child neglect requires consideration of cultural values and standards of care as well as recognition that the failure to provide the necessities of life may be related to poverty
  • child neglect  - the negligent treatment of a child by a person who is responsible for the child’s welfare (parent, guardian, or custodian). (It does not rise to the level of abuse.) Such negligent treatment includes but is not limited to - The failure to provide for the proper education of a child as required by U.S. law or local law in the case of locally employed staff; The failure to provide for subsistence, care, or control necessary for a child’s physical, mental, developmental, or emotional health; or The failure to supervise a child adequately (such as a child who is habitually truant from school without justification, or who is habitually disobedient of reasonable and lawful commands of his or her parents, guardian, or other custodian, or who is engaging in the permissive use of alcohol or drugs where such actions are endangering the child's welfare or disrupting the post community)
  • children at risk  - children who are raised in poverty or in single-parent homes or are subject to such DOI
  • children at risk  - children who are raised in poverty or in single-parent homes or are subject to such circumstances as parental drug abuse, homelessness, or child abuse.
  • citizen corps  - A community-level program, administered by the Department of Homeland Security, that brings government and private-sector groups together and coordinates the emergency preparedness and response activities of community members. Through its network of community, State, and tribal councils, Citizen Corps increases community preparedness and response capabilities through public education, outreach, training, and volunteer service./ FEMA
  • citizen of the United States  - any person who is a United States citizen by law, birth, or naturalization, any State, any agency of a State or a group of States, or any corporation, partnership, or association organized under the laws of any State which has as its president or other executive officer and as its chairman of the board of directors, or holder of a similar office, a person who is a United States citizen by law, birth or naturalization and which has no more of its directors who are not United States citizens by law, birth or naturalization than constitute a minority of the number required for a quorum necessary to conduct the business of the board.
  • civil affairs operations  - Actions planned, executed, and assessed by civil affairs forces that enhance awareness of and manage the interaction with the civil component of the operational environment; identify and mitigate underlying causes of instability within civil society; or involve the application of functional specialty skills normally the responsibility of civil government. Also called CAO.
  • civil affairs  - Designated Active and Reserve Component forces and units organized, trained, and equipped specifically to conduct civil affairs operations and to support civil-military operations. Also called CA.
  • civil authorities  - Those elected and appointed officers and employees who constitute the government of the United States, the governments of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, United States territories, and political subdivisions thereof.
  • civil authorities  - Those elected and appointed officers and employees who constitute the government of the United States, the governments of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, United States territories, and political subdivisions thereof. DOD
  • civil emergency  - Any occasion or instance for which, in the determination of the President, federal assistance is needed to supplement state and local efforts and capabilities to save lives and to protect property and public health and safety, or to lessen or avert the threat of a catastrophe in any part of the United States.
  • civil search and rescue  - Search and/ or rescue operations and associated civilian services provided to assist persons in potential or actual distress and protect property in a nonhostile environment. Also called civil SAR.
  • civil unrest  - mass riots or protests; military or rebel attacks; and government-initiated actions that cause damage
  • civil-military cooperation  - a broad term that covers a variety of collaborative relationships between civilian and military actors in a conflict environment. Civilian actors may include government officials, staff from international organizations, and representatives of nongovernmental organizations. Civ-mil cooperation ranges from occasional informational meetings to comprehensive programs where civilian and military partners share planning and implementation. Cooperation can be controversial, as the military may see civilians as unduly complicating their mission, and civilians-especially in the humanitarian field-may think that any association with the military will compromise their impartiality and threaten their personal safety. However, most experts see civ-mil cooperation as necessary to provide the security, knowledge, and skills needed to help transform a conflict into an enduring peace
  • civil-military medicine  - A discipline within operational medicine comprising public health and medical issues that involve a civil-military interface (foreign or domestic), including military medical support to civil authorities (domestic), medical elements of cooperation activities, and medical civil-military operations.
  • civil-military operations  - Activities of a commander performed by designated civil affairs or other military forces that establish, maintain, influence, or exploit relations between military forces, indigenous populations, and institutions, by directly supporting the attainment of objectives relating to the reestablishment or maintenance of stability within a region or host nation. Also called CMO. See also civil affairs; operation.
  • civil-military operations  - the activities of a commander that establish, maintain, influence, or exploit relations between military forces, governmental and nongovernmental civilian organizations and authorities, and the civilian populace in a friendly, neutral, or hostile operational area in order to facilitate military operations, to consolidate and achieve operational U.S. objectives. Civil-military operations may include performance by military forces of activities and functions normally the responsibility of the local, regional, or national government. These activities may occur prior to, during, or subsequent to other military actions. They may also occur, if directed, in the absence of other military operations. Civil-military operations may be performed by designated civil affairs, by other military forces, or by a combination of civil affairs and other forces
  • civilian internee  — A civilian who is interned during armed conflict, occupation, or other military operation for security reasons, for protection, or because he or she committed an offense against the detaining power. Also called CI.
  • civilian-military  - describes a relationship between U.S. uniformed military forces and U.S. governmental and nongovernmental civilian organizations and authorities, and the government and civilian populace of a foreign nation; most often applied at the tactical/ country level and used frequently at the operational/ regional level
  • clandestine operation  - An operation sponsored or conducted by governmental departments or agencies in such a way as to assure secrecy or concealment. See also covert operation; overt operation.
  • clandestine physical access  - entry by an individual into a sensitive or secured area without proper authority and without the knowledge or consent of the occupants or the responsible security officer.
  • classified document  - recorded classified information regardless of its physical form or characteristics, including, without limitation, written or printed matter, tapes, charts, maps, paintings, drawings, engravings, sketches, working notes and papers; reproductions of such things by any means of process; and sound, voice, magnetic, or electronic recordings in any form; is marked to indicate its classified status when in documentary form as Top Secret, Secret, or Confidential.
  • classified information access  - ability or opportunity to gain knowledge of classified information.
  • classified information  - information that has been determined pursuant to Executive Order 13526 or any predecessor order to require protection against unauthorized disclosure is marked to indicate its classified status when in documentary form.
  • classified national security information  - information that has been determined pursuant to Executive Order 13526 or any predecessor order to require protection against unauthorized disclosure is marked to indicate its classified status when in documentary form.
  • cleanup cost  - cost of removing, containing, and/ or disposing of hazardous waste from property, or material and/ or property that consists of hazardous waste at a permanent or temporary closure or shutdown of associated property, plant, and equipment (PP&E).
  • clearing operation  - An operation designed to clear or neutralize all mines and obstacles from a route or area.
  • climate change  — Variations in average weather conditions that persist over multiple decades or longer that encompass increases and decreases in temperature, shifts in precipitation, and changing risk of certain types of severe weather events.
  • close call  - event or situation that could have resulted in harm but did not, either by chance or through timely intervention.
  • closed enforcement action  - enforcement action that has been resolved may be resolved by one of the following: a. Revocation of the action by the regulating authority; b. Closure of the action following written notice from the regulating authority that the action is closed or resolved; c. Closure of the action, after a reasonable time span, following written notice from the regulating authority of their intent to close the enforcement action; d. Receipt of a signed compliance agreement order; e. Adjudication of the matter, as before an Administrative Law Judge; or f. Approval from the EPM to close the finding.
  • closure action  - action of changing the status of an incident, problem, change etc. to closed.
  • co-utilization agreement  - document that defines areas of authorities and responsibilities when two or more activities share the same special access program facility/ sensitive compartmented information facility.
  • coal mine  - an area of land and all structures, facilities, machinery, tools, equipment, shafts, slopes, tunnels, excavations, and other property, real or personal, placed upon, under, or above the surface of such land by any person, used in, or to be used in, or resulting from, the work of extracting in such area bituminous coal, lignite, or anthracite from its natural deposits in the earth by any means or method, and the work of preparing the coal so extracted, and includes custom coal preparation facilities.
  • coal mine  - any underground, surface, or strip mine from which coal is obtained.
  • coal  - any of the recognized classifications and ranks of coal, including anthracite, bituminous, semibituminous, subbituminous, and lignite.
  • coast line  - the line of ordinary low water along that portion of the coast which is in direct contact with the open sea and the line marking the seaward limit of inland waters.
  • coastal environment  - the physical atmospheric, and biological components, conditions, and factors which interactively determine the productivity, state, condition, and quality of the terrestrial ecosystem from the shoreline inward to the boundaries of the coastal zone.
  • coastal fishery management plan  - a plan for managing a coastal fishery resource, or an amendment to such plan, prepared and adopted by the Commission, that — (A) contains information regarding the status of the resource and related fisheries; and (B) specifies conservation and management actions to be taken by the States.
  • coastal fishery resource  - any fishery, any species of fish, or any stock of fish that moves among, or is broadly distributed across, waters under the jurisdiction of two or more States or waters under the jurisdiction of one or more States and the exclusive economic zone.
  • coastal fishery resource  - any fishery, any species of fish, or any stock of fish that moves among, or is broadly distributed across, waters under the jurisdiction of two or more States or waters under the jurisdiction of one or more States and the exclusive economic zone. DOI
  • code word  - single word assigned to a classified meaning by appropriate authority to ensure proper security concerning intentions safeguards information pertaining to actual, real-world plans or operations classified confidential or higher.
  • cogeneration facility  - a facility which produces—
(i) electric energy, and
(ii) steam or forms of useful energy DOI
  • collect and detect  - ability to discover, find, receive, and/ or catalogue data, information, and intelligence about people, cargo, conveyances, and infrastructure associated with a domain and its environment.
  • collection management plan  - A detailed effort to ensure that all exercise joint mission-essential tasks, training objectives, and specified training audience processes are analyzed and reported; describes who, what, when, DOS/ USAID
  • collection strategy  - An analytical approach used by collection managers to determine which intelligence disciplines can be applied to satisfy information requirements.
  • collection  - In intelligence usage, the acquisition of information and the provision of this information to processing elements. See also intelligence process.
  • combatant command (command authority)  — Nontransferable command authority, which cannot be delegated, of a combatant commander to perform those functions of command over assigned forces involving organizing and employing commands and forces; assigning tasks; designating objectives; and giving authoritative direction over all aspects of military operations, joint training, and logistics necessary to accomplish the missions assigned to the command. Also called COCOM. See also combatant command; combatant commander; operational control; tactical control.
  • combatant command joint training schedule  - A resource-constrained program that is developed and updated annually by the combatant command staff and that integrates the command's joint training plans with the schedule of the combatant commander-sponsored exercises; includes exercise summaries for the program year and proposed summaries for the following five years
  • combatant command  - a unified combatant command or a specified combatant command.
  • combatant command  — A unified or specified command with a broad continuing mission under a single commander established and so designated by the President, through the Secretary of Defense and with the advice and assistance of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Also called CCMD. See also specified combatant command; unified command.
  • combating terrorism  — Actions, including antiterrorism and counterterrorism, taken to oppose terrorism throughout the entire threat spectrum. Also called CbT. See also antiterrorism; counterterrorism.
  • combined  - Involving coalition military (also see Joint and Interagency). Involving coalition military (also see Joint and Interagency)
  • command activating switch  - switch that is activated by the individual in which the individual controls the device at the moment of initiation.
  • command center  - facility from which a commander and his or her representatives direct operations and control forces organized to gather, process, analyze, display, and disseminate planning and operational data and perform other related tasks.
  • command projectile switch  - small arms bullet used to close the circuit by penetrating two metal plates provides standoff between firing point and contact point.
  • command pull improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) initiated by an individual using a “command pull” action.
  • command relationships  — The interrelated responsibilities between commanders, as well as the operational authority exercised by commanders in the chain of command; defined further as combatant command (command authority), operational control, tactical control, or support. See also chain of command; combatant command (command authority); command; operational control; support; tactical control.
  • command staff  - An incident command component that consists of a Public Information Officer, Safety Officer, Liaison Officer, and other positions as required, who report directly to the Incident Commander./ FEMA
  • command wire improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) where the firing point and contact point are separate but joined together by a length of wire.
  • commandant  - the Commandant of the Coast Guard./ USCG
  • commander's summary report  - A written record of the significant strengths and weaknesses of a commander's staff's performance relative to the selected joint mission-essential tasks and training objectives. Also called CSR
  • commerce  - trade, traffic, commerce, transportation, transmission, or communication among the several States, or between a State and any other place outside thereof, or between points in the same State which directly or indirectly affect interstate commerce.
  • commercial chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear improvised explosive device enhancement  - Chemical, Biological, Radiological, or Nuclear (CBRN) materials available for purchase on the open market for commercial purposes that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED ) DHS
  • commercial service  - all vessels except those that are primarily used for combatant purposes. This is to make sure that vessels that are engaged in the transportation of goods or individuals are subject to the applicable maritime and environmental safety laws, even if they are sovereign controlled vessels. DOT/ Maritim e
  • commercial service  - all vessels except those that are primarily used for combatant purposes. This is to make sure that vessels that are engaged in the transportation of goods or individuals are subject to the applicable maritime and environmental safety laws, even if they are sovereign controlled vessels. DOT/ Maritime
  • commissioner  - the Commissioner responsible for the United States Customs and Border Protection of the Department of Homeland Security.
  • commodity  - any material, article, supply, goods, or equipment used for the purposes of furnishing nonmilitary assistance
  • commodity  - wheat, cotton, rice, corn, oats, barley, rye, flaxseed, grain, sorghums, mill feeds, butter, eggs, Solanum tuberosum (Irish potatoes), wool, wool tops, fats and, oils (including lard, tallow, cottonseed oil, peanut oil, soybean oil, and all other fats and oils), cottonseed meal, cottonseed, peanuts, soybeans, soybean meal, livestock, livestock products, and frozen concentrated orange juice, and all other goods and articles, except onions and motion picture box office receipts (or any index, measure, value, or data related to such receipts), and all services, rights, and interests (except motion picture box office receipts, or any index, measure, value or data related to such receipts) in which contracts for future delivery are presently or in the future dealt in.
  • common operating picture  - A continuously updated overview of an incident compiled throughout an incident's life cycle from data shared between integrated systems for communication, information management, and intelligence and information sharing. The common operating picture allows incident managers at all levels to make effective, consistent, and timely decisions. The common operating picture also helps ensure consistency at all levels of incident management across jurisdictions, as well as between various governmental jurisdictions and private-sector and nongovernmental entities that are engaged./ FEMA
  • common operational picture  - A single identical display of relevant information shared by more than one command that facilitates collaborative planning and assists all echelons to achieve situational awareness. Also called COP.
  • common operational picture  - A single identical display of relevant information shared by more than one command that facilitates collaborative planning and assists all echelons to achieve situational awareness. Also called COP. DOD
  • communicable disease  - a disease that is ruled as subject to quarantine, and requires isolation or restriction of movement by the patient for a specified period, as prescribed by the health authorities having jurisdiction
  • complex catastrophe  — Any natural or man-made incident, including cyberspace attack, power grid failure, and terrorism, which results in cascading failures of multiple, interdependent, critical, life-sustaining infrastructure sectors and caused extraordinary levels of mass casualties, damage, or disruption severely affecting the population, environment, economy, public health, national morale, response efforts, and/ or government functions.
  • complex emergency  - A disaster, usually long-term, combining political, military, and humanitarian problems in a way that hinders relief efforts
  • complex operation  - an operation as follows: (A) A stability operation.(B) A security operation.(C) A transition and reconstruction operation. (D) A counterinsurgency operation.(E) An operation consisting of irregular warfare.
  • comprehensive information technology network architecture  - an integrated framework for evolving or maintaining existing information technology and acquiring new information technology to achieve the strategic management and information resources management goals of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis.
  • comprehensive preparedness guide 101  - Producing Emergency Plans - A Guide for All-Hazard Emergency Operations Planning for State, Territorial, Local, and Tribal Governments - Guide that describes the intersection of the Federal and State, tribal, and local plans and planning. Also called CPG 101./ FEMA
  • concealment vessel  - vessel commonly used to prevent the discovery of an IED by visual inspection may also be used to add fragmentation.
  • concept of operations  - A verbal or graphic statement that clearly and concisely expresses what the joint force commander intends to accomplish and how it will be done using available resources. Also called CONOPS.
  • concept of operations  - clear and concise statement or document that expresses an intended outcome or accomplishment and how it will be achieved using available resources includes program's mission, goals DHS
  • concept of operations  - clear and concise statement or document that expresses an intended outcome or accomplishment and how it will be achieved using available resources includes program's mission, goals and objectives; may also include roles and responsibilities of the program's key stakeholders and the high- level processes to achieve program goals and objectives.
  • concept plan  - A plan that describes the concept of operations for integrating and synchronizing Federal capabilities to accomplish critical tasks, and describes how Federal capabilities will be integrated into and support regional, State, and local plans to meet the objectives described in the Strategic Plan. Also called CONPLAN./ FEMA
  • confidential source  - any individual or organization that has provided, or that may reasonably be expected to provide, information to the United States on matters pertaining to the national security with the expectation that the information or relationship, or both, are to be held in confidence. DOD/ DHS
  • confinement vessel  - vessel commonly used to hold the main charge together may also be used to add fragmentation.
  • conflict prevention  - civilian conflict prevention efforts identify and focus on a community, tribe, population, or country's underlying grievances and seek to address the root causes of conflict. The goal of Conflict Prevention is the promotion of sustainable, responsible, and effective security and governance in fragile states. Based on the QDDR, the mission of State and USAID with regard to crisis and conflict in fragile states is to reduce or eliminate short, medium, and long-term threats to American security and to help create opportunities for governments and their citizens to address domestic challenges themselves. (DOS/ USAID ) DOS/ USAID
  • conflict prevention  — A peace operation employing complementary diplomatic, civil, and, when necessary, military means, to monitor and identify the causes of conflict, and take timely action to prevent the occurrence, escalation, or resumption of hostilities.
  • conflict response  - USG response to an imminent (within six months) or existing conflict in a country with stabilization and/ or conflict transformation implications. The goal of Conflict Response is fostering security and reconstruction in the aftermath of conflict as a central national security objective. Based on the QDDR, the State Department has the lead on conflict response in political and security crises, with USAID leading humanitarian crises
  • conflict transformation  - the two-pronged approach of seeking to diminish the factors that cause violent conflict and instability while building the capacity of local institutions so they can take the lead role in national governance, economic development, and enforcing the rule of law. The goal of this process is to shift the responsibility for providing peace and stability from the international community to local actors, who can sustain their roles with minimal support from external actors. Moreover, this process seeks to build capacity to move from humanitarian assistance through a transitional period to a steady state and long-term development
  • consequence assessment  - product or process of identifying or evaluating the potential or actual effects of an event, incident, or occurrence.
  • consequence  - effect of an event, incident, or occurrence.
  • conservation activities  - conservation systems, practices, or management measures.
  • conservation activities  - i) structural measures, vegetative measures, and land management measures, including agriculture drainage management systems, as determined by the Secretary; and (ii) planning needed to address a priority resource concern.
  • conservation  - the use of methods and procedures necessary or desirable to sustain healthy populations of wildlife, including all activities associated with scientific resources management such as research, census, monitoring of populations, acquisition, improvement and management of habitat, live trapping and DOI
  • conservation  - the use of methods and procedures necessary or desirable to sustain healthy populations of wildlife, including all activities associated with scientific resources management such as research, census, monitoring of populations, acquisition, improvement and management of habitat, live trapping and transplantation, wildlife damage management, and periodic or total protection of a species or population, as well as the taking of individuals within wildlife stock or population if permitted by applicable State and Federal law.
  • conservation  - the use of methods and procedures necessary to bring a species of neotropical migratory bird to the point at which there are sufficient populations in the wild to ensure the long-term viability of the species, including — (A) protection and management of neotropical migratory bird populations; (B) maintenance, management, protection, and restoration of neotropical migratory bird habitat; (C) research and monitoring;
(D) law enforcement; and
(E) community outreach and education.
  • conservation  - the use of methods and procedures necessary to preserve or sustain corals and associated species as diverse, viable, and self-perpetuating coral reef ecosystems, including all activities associated with DOI
  • conservation  - the use of methods and procedures necessary to preserve or sustain corals and associated species as diverse, viable, and self-perpetuating coral reef ecosystems, including all activities associated with resource management, such as assessment, conservation, protection, restoration, sustainable use, and management of habitat; mapping; habitat monitoring; assistance in the development of management strategies for marine protected areas and marine resources consistent with the National Marine Sanctuaries Act and the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.); law enforcement; conflict resolution initiatives; community outreach and education; and that promote safe and ecologically sound navigation.
  • consideration  - an economic benefit, inducement, right, or profit including pecuniary payment accruing to an individual, person, or entity, but not including a voluntary sharing of the actual expenses of the voyage, by monetary contribution or donation of fuel, food, beverage, or other supplies. DOT/ Maritim e
  • consular officer  - one who has authority to issue visas. Traditionally this person is knowledgeable and familiar with the maritime safety and seamen's welfare laws. DOT/ Maritim e
  • container security device  - a device, or system, designed, at a minimum, to identify positively a container, to detect and record the unauthorized intrusion of a container, and to secure a container against tampering throughout the supply chain. Such a device, or system, shall have a low false alarm rate as determined by the Secretary.
  • contamination  - 1. The deposit, absorption, or adsorption of radioactive material, or of biological or chemical agents on or by structures, areas, personnel, or objects. Also called fallout radiation. 2. Food and/ or water made unfit for consumption by humans or animals because of the presence of environmental chemicals, radioactive elements, bacteria or organisms, the byproduct of the growth of bacteria or organisms, the decomposing material or waste in the food or water.
  • contingency basing  - The life-cycle process of planning, designing, constructing, operating, managing, and transitioning or closing a non-enduring location supporting a combatant commander's requirements.
  • contingency contract  - A legally binding agreement for supplies, services, and construction let by government contracting officers in the operational area as well as other contracts that have a prescribed area of performance within a designated operational area. See also external support contract; systems support contract; theater support contract.
  • contingency operation  - A military operation that is either designated by the Secretary of Defense as a contingency operation or becomes a contingency operation as a matter of law. See also contingency; operation.
  • contingency operation  - This generally refers to a military operation that- (1) Is designated by the Secretary of Defense as an operation in which members of the armed forces are or may become involved in military actions and operations; or (2) Results in the call or order to, or retention on, active duty of members of the uniformed services under any provision of law during a war or during a national emergency declared by the President or Congress
  • contingency operation  - a military operation that — (1) Is designated by the Secretary of Defense as an operation in which members of the armed forces are or may become involved in military actions, operations, or hostilities against an enemy of the United States or against an opposing military force; or (2) Results in the call or order to, or retention on, active duty of members of the uniformed services under United States Code, or any other provision of law during a war or during a national emergency declared by the President or Congress. GSA/ DOD
  • contingency operation  - a military operation that—(A) is designated by the Secretary of Defense as an operation in which members of the armed forces are or may become involved in military actions, operations, or hostilities against an enemy of the United States or against an opposing military force; or (B) results in the call or order to, or retention on, active duty of members of the uniformed services under title 10, title 14, or any other provision of law during a war or during a national emergency declared by the President or DOD
  • contingency planning  - Organizations must establish, maintain, and effectively implement plans for emergency response, backup operations, and post-disaster recovery for organizational information systems to ensure the availability of critical information resources and continuity of operations in emergency situations. Also called CP
  • contingency planning  - Security controls dealing with emergency response, backup operations, and post-disaster recovery for an IT system to ensure the availability of critical resources and to facilitate the continuity of operations in an emergency situation
  • contingency/ incident personnel  - category of essential personnel that are employees who are in positions identified for possible activation, as needed, depending on the emergency includes: a. Personnel designated in positions that ensure three-deep backup to mission critical or emergency personnel b. Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) c. Personnel in positions pre-identified as part of a Crisis Action Team, and other operational teams established in response to a specific incident or situation d. Federal Emergency Response Officials e. Reconstitution Personnel in positions identified as Reconstitution Staff f. Personnel in positions identified as Devolution Staff g. Persons in positions identified in an order of succession.
  • contingency  - A situation requiring military operations in response to natural disasters, terrorists, subversives, or as otherwise directed by appropriate authority to protect US interests. See also contingency contracting.
  • contingent liability  - potential obligation that may be incurred depending on the outcome of a future event.
  • continuity capability  - The ability of an organization to continue performance of essential functions, using COOP, continuity of government (COG), or enduring constitutional government (ECG) programs and integrated, day-to-day operations with a primary goal of ensuring the preservation of our form of government under the Constitution and the continuing performance of National Essential Functions (NEFs) under all conditions. Built from the foundation of continuity planning and continuity program management, the key pillars of continuity capability are Leadership, Staff, Communications, and Facilities
  • continuity facility  - location other than primary facility used to carry out essential functions during continuity of operations events.
  • continuity of government  - The executive branch’s coordinated effort to ensure that NEFs continue to be performed during a catastrophic emergency. Also called COG
  • continuity of government  - a coordinated effort within the Federal Government's executive branch to ensure that National Essential Functions continue to be performed during a Catastrophic Emergency. Also called COG. White House
  • continuity of government  - coordinated effort within each branch of Government to ensure that National Essential Functions continue to be performed during a catastrophic emergency.
  • continuity of operations plan  - document outlining prescribed process for the sustained performance of mission essential functions and primary mission essential functions, with little or no disruption, during a wide range of emergencies includes; localized emergency due to natural occurrences, accidents, and technological or terrorist attacks.
  • continuity of operations plan  - predetermined set of instructions or procedures that describe how an organization’s essential functions will be sustained for up to 30 days as a result of a disaster event before returning to normal operations.
  • continuity of operations  - An effort within individual departments and agencies, as well as their sub- components, to ensure PMEFs continue to be performed during a wide range of emergencies, including localized acts of nature, accidents, and technological or attack-related emergencies. The Departments COOP Plan is activated only upon decision of either the President or the Secretary of State. Also called COOP
  • continuity of operations  - The degree or state of being continuous in the conduct of functions, tasks, or duties necessary to accomplish a military action or mission in carrying out the national military strategy. Also called COOP.
  • continuity of operations  - an effort within individual executive departments and agencies to ensure that Primary Mission-Essential Functions continue to be performed during a wide range of emergencies, including localized acts of nature, accidents, and technological or attack-related emergencies. Also called COOP. White House
  • continuity of operations  - sustained performance of mission essential functions and primary mission essential functions, with little or no disruption, during a wide range of emergencies includes localized emergency due to natural occurrences, accidents, and technological or terrorist attacks.
  • continuity personnel  - personnel who provide the leadership, advice, recommendations, and functional support DHS
  • continuity  - state or quality of being consistent, uninterrupted or unbroken maintain uninterrupted support to essential functions in spite of natural or man-made disasters; efforts to assure continuance of minimum essential functions across a wide range of potential emergencies, including localized act or nature, accidents, technologies and/ or attack related emergencies.
  • continuous evaluation security  - E.O. 13467 requires that an individual who has been determined to be eligible for, or who currently has access to classified information, shall be subject to continuous evaluation under standards (including, but not limited to, the frequency of such evaluation) as determined by the Director of National Intelligence (DNI).
  • contract  - any repayment or water service contract between the United States and a district providing for the payment of construction charges to the United States including normal operation, maintenance, and replacement costs pursuant to Federal reclamation law.
  • controlled unclassified information  - unclassified information that requires safeguarding or dissemination controls pursuant to and consistent with applicable law, regulation, and government-wide policy exceptions: Protected Critical Infrastructure Information; Sensitive Security Information; and Safeguards Information, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
  • conviction  - a formal judgment of guilt of the alien entered by a court or, if adjudication of guilt has been withheld, where — (i) a judge or jury has found the alien guilty or the alien has entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere or has admitted sufficient facts to warrant a finding of guilt, and (ii) the judge has ordered some form of punishment, penalty, or restraint on the alien's liberty to be imposed. (B) Any reference to a term of imprisonment or a sentence with respect to an offense is deemed to include the period of incarceration or confinement ordered by a court of law regardless of any suspension of the imposition or execution of that imprisonment or sentence in whole or in part.
  • coordinate  - To advance systematically an analysis and exchange of information among principals who have or may have a need to know certain information to carry out specific incident management responsibilities./ FEMA
  • coordinating authority  - A commander or individual who has the authority to require consultation between DOD
  • coordinating authority  - A commander or individual who has the authority to require consultation between the specific functions or activities involving forces of two or more Services, joint force components, or forces of the same Service or agencies, but does not have the authority to compel agreement.
  • coral reef ecosystem  - coral and other species of reef organisms (including reef plants) associated with coral reefs, and the nonliving environmental factors that directly affect coral reefs, that together function as an ecological unit in nature.
  • coral reef  - any reefs or shoals composed primarily of corals.
  • coral  - species of the phylum Cnidaria, including — (A) all species of the orders Antipatharia (black corals), Scleractinia (stony corals), Gorgonacea (horny corals), Stolonifera (organpipe corals and others), Alcyanacea (soft corals), and Coenothecalia (blue coral), of the class Anthozoa; and (B) all species of the order Hydrocorallina (fire corals and hydrocorals) of the class Hydrozoa.
  • coral  - species of the phylum Cnidaria, including—
(A) all species of the orders Antipatharia (black corals), Scleractinia (stony corals), Gorgonacea (horny corals), Stolonifera (organpipe corals and others), Alcyanacea (soft corals), and Coenothecalia (blue coral), of the class Anthozoa; and (B) all species of the order Hydrocorallina (fire corals and hydrocorals) of the class Hydrozoa.
  • corporation  - any corporation, joint-stock company, partnership, association, business trust, organized group of persons, whether incorporated or not, or a receiver or receivers, trustee or trustees of any of the foregoing. It shall not include municipalities.
  • corrective actions  - Implementing procedures that are based on lessons learned from actual incidents or from training and exercises./ FEMA
  • corrosive timing switch  - timing switch using a corrosive chemical with a known decomposition rate that is designed to destroy a physical restraint on a triggering device to start the initiation train.
  • counterdrug activities  — Those measures taken to detect, interdict, disrupt, or curtail any activity that is reasonably related to illicit drug trafficking.
  • counterdrug operations  - Civil or military actions taken to reduce or eliminate illicit drug trafficking. See also counterdrug; counterdrug operational support.
  • counterdrug  — Those active measures taken to detect, monitor, and counter the production, trafficking, and use of illegal drugs. Also called CD.
  • counterespionage  — That aspect of counterintelligence designed to detect, destroy, neutralize, exploit, or prevent espionage activities through identification, penetration, manipulation, deception, and repression of individuals, groups, or organizations conducting or suspected of conducting espionage activities.
  • countering violent extremism  - approach to mitigating or preventing potential terrorist activity emphasizes the strength of local communities via engagement with a broad range of partners to gain a better understanding of the behaviors, tactics, and other indicators associated with terrorist activity.
  • countering weapons of mass destruction  - Efforts against actors of concern to curtail the conceptualization, development, possession, proliferation, use, and effects of weapons of mass destruction, related expertise, DOD
  • countering weapons of mass destruction  - Efforts against actors of concern to curtail the conceptualization, development, possession, proliferation, use, and effects of weapons of mass destruction, related expertise, materials, technologies, and means of delivery. Also called CWMD.
  • counterinsurgency  - Comprehensive civilian and military efforts designed to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency and address its root causes. Also called COIN.
  • counterinsurgency  – efforts to defeat organized movements that seek to overthrow the duly constituted Governments of Pakistan and Afghanistan through violent means. DOS
  • counterintelligence activities  — One or more of the five functions of counterintelligence: operations, investigations, collection, analysis and production, and functional services. See also analysis and production; collection; counterintelligence; operation.
  • counterintelligence operations  - Proactive activities designed to identify, exploit, neutralize, or deter foreign intelligence collection and terrorist activities directed against the United States. See also counterintelligence; operation.
  • counterintelligence referral  - referral of any information, regardless of its origin, which indicates that classified information is being, or may have been, disclosed in an unauthorized manner to a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power as required by Title 50.
  • counterintelligence  - Information gathered and activities conducted to identify, deceive, exploit, disrupt, or protect against espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations or persons or their agents, or international terrorist organizations or activities. Also called CI. See also counterespionage; security.
  • counterintelligence  - information gathered and activities conducted to identify, deceive, exploit, disrupt, or protect against espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations or persons, or their agents, or international terrorist organizations or activities. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • counterintelligence  - information gathered and activities conducted to identify, deceive, exploit, disrupt, or protect against espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations, or persons, or their agents, or international terrorist organizations or activities excludes personnel, physical, document or communications security programs.
  • countermeasure or product  - a security countermeasure, qualified countermeasure, or qualified pandemic or epidemic product. DHHS
  • countermeasure  - Actions, devices, procedures, or techniques that reduce a known or suspected vulnerability
  • countermeasure  - action, measure, or device intended to reduce an identified risk, threat, or danger.
  • countermeasures  - That form of military science that, by the employment of devices and/ or techniques, has as its objective the impairment of the operational effectiveness of enemy activity. See also electronic warfare.
  • countermobility operations  - The construction of obstacles and emplacement of minefields to delay, disrupt, and destroy the enemy by reinforcement of the terrain. See also minefield; operation; target acquisition.
  • counterproliferation  - Those actions taken to reduce the risks posed by extant weapons of mass destruction to the United States, allies, and partners. Also called CP. See also nonproliferation.
  • countersurveillance  - All measures, active or passive, taken to counteract hostile surveillance. See also surveillance.
  • counterterrorism  - Activities and operations taken to neutralize terrorists and their organizations and networks in order to render them incapable of using violence to instill fear and coerce governments or societies to achieve their goals. Also called CT. See also antiterrorism; combating terrorism; terrorism.
  • counterterrorism  - Activities and operations taken to neutralize terrorists and their organizations and networks in order to render them incapable of using violence to instill fear and coerce governments or societies to achieve their goals. Also called CT. See also antiterrorism; combating terrorism; terrorism. DOD
  • counterterrorism  - efforts to combat al Qaeda and other foreign terrorist organizations that are designated by the Secretary of State, or other individuals and entities engaged in terrorist activity or support for such DOS
  • counterterrorism  - efforts to combat al Qaeda and other foreign terrorist organizations that are designated by the Secretary of State, or other individuals and entities engaged in terrorist activity or support for such activity. DOS
  • counterterrorism  - practices, tactics, techniques, and strategies designed to prevent, deter, and respond to terrorism.
  • country of birth  - country in which an individual is born a person’s country of birth is the country where the place in which that person was born is located according to the geographical and political configuration of countries at the time of data collection by DHS; if there have been boundary changes affecting the country of birth of a person, then the country shall be recorded according to the configuration at the time of data collection.
  • country of chargeability  - country to which an immigrant in a numerically limited classification is charged by the U.S. Department of State for purposes of numerical control.
  • country of citizenship  - country in which a person is born or naturalized and to which the person owes allegiance and by which he or she is entitled to be protected.
  • country of former allegiance  - previous country of citizenship of a naturalized U.S. citizen.
  • country of last residence  - country in which an alien habitually resided prior to crossing the U.S. border and entering the United States the country in which an alien last resided for 1 year or more prior to crossing the U.S. border and entering the United States.
  • country where you live  - country in which an alien resides or intends to reside the country in which an alien is living or expects to live for at least one year.
  • country  - a foreign country, dependent territory, or possession of a foreign country, and may include an association of 2 or more foreign countries, dependent territories, or possessions of countries into a customs union outside the United States.
  • country  - any foreign country or territory, including any overseas dependent territory or possession of a foreign country, or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. In the case of an association of countries which is a free trade area or customs union, or which is contributing to comprehensive regional economic integration among its members through appropriate means, including, but not limited to, the reduction of duties, the President may by Executive order or Presidential proclamation provide that all members of such association other than members which are barred from designation shall be treated as one country for purposes of this subchapter.
  • court ordered environmental impact statement  - any environmental statements which are required to be DOI
  • court ordered environmental impact statement  - any environmental statements which are required to be prepared by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to the final judgment or subsequent modification thereof as set forth on June 18, 1975, in the matter of Natural Resources Defense Council against Andrus.
  • covered Federal agency  - the Department of Homeland Security.
  • covered activity  - any suspicious transaction, activity, or occurrence that involves, or is directed against, a passenger transportation system or vehicle or its passengers indicating that an individual may be engaging, or preparing to engage, in a violation of law relating to — (A) a threat to a passenger transportation system or passenger safety or security; or (B) an act of terrorism.
  • covered chemical facility  - a facility that — (A) the Secretary — (i) identifies as a chemical facility of interest; and (ii) based upon review of the facility's Top-Screen, determines meets the risk criteria developed; and DHS
  • covered communication  - any nonpublic telephone or electronic communication acquired without the consent of a person who is a party to the communication, including communications in electronic storage. DOD/ DHS
  • covered countermeasure or covered countermeasure against smallpox  - a substance that is — (i)(I) used to prevent or treat smallpox (including the vaccinia or another vaccine); or (II) used to control or treat the adverse effects of vaccinia inoculation or of administration of another covered countermeasure; and (ii) specified in a declaration. DHHS
  • covered countermeasure  - a covered countermeasure as specified in a Declaration made. DHHS
  • covered entity  - 
(A) the Immigration and Naturalization Service;
(B) the Bureau of Border Security of the Department of Homeland Security; and
(C) the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration.
  • covert action  - an activity or activities of the United States Government to influence political, economic, or military conditions abroad, where it is intended that the role of the United States Government will not be apparent or acknowledged publicly, but does not include: (1) Activities the primary purpose of which is to acquire intelligence, traditional counterintelligence activities, traditional activities to improve or maintain the operational security of United States Government programs, or administrative activities; (2) Traditional diplomatic or military activities or routine support to such activities; (3) Traditional law enforcement activities conducted by United States Government law enforcement agencies or routine support to such activities; or (4) Activities to provide routine support to the overt activities of other United States Government agencies abroad. DOD/ DHS
  • covert action  - an activity or activities of the United States Government to influence political, economic, or military conditions abroad, where it is intended that the role of the United States Government will not be apparent or acknowledged publicly, but does not include: (1) Activities the primary purpose of which is to acquire intelligence, traditional counterintelligence activities, traditional activities to improve or maintain the operational security of United States Government programs, or administrative activities; (2) Traditional diplomatic or military activities or routine support to such activities; (3) Traditional law enforcement activities conducted by United States Government law enforcement agencies or routine support to such activities; or (4) Activities to provide routine support to the overt activities of other United States Government agencies abroad. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • covert operation  - An operation that is so planned and executed as to conceal the identity of or permit plausible denial by the sponsor. See also clandestine operation; overt operation.
  • credentialed and credentialing  - having provided, or providing, respectively, documentation that identifies personnel and authenticates and verifies the qualifications of such personnel by ensuring that such personnel possess a minimum common level of training, experience, physical and medical fitness, and capability appropriate for a particular position in accordance with standards created.
  • credentialing  - process of establishing the qualifications of licensed professionals, organizational members or organizations, and assessing their background and legitimacy includes the primary verification of professionals’ or para-professionals’ education, licenses, or certifications/ registrations; excludes the issuing of licenses, certifications, or registrations to professionals and para-professionals.
  • credible fear of persecution  - that there is a significant possibility, taking into account the credibility of the statements made by the alien in support of the alien's claim and such other facts as are known to the officer, that the alien could establish eligibility for asylum.
  • criminal improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident primarily intended to harass, disrupt, or extort as part of criminal activity.
  • crisis action planning  - The Adaptive Planning and Execution system process involving the time-sensitive development of joint operation plans and operation orders for the deployment, employment, and sustainment of assigned and allocated forces and resources in response to an imminent crisis. Also called CAP. See also joint operation planning; Joint Operation Planning and Execution System.
  • critical action floodplain  - area subject to inundation from a flood of a magnitude that occurs once every 500 years on the average a flood having a 0.2-percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year.
  • critical asset  - A specific entity that is of such extraordinary importance that its incapacitation or destruction would have a very serious, debilitating effect on the ability of a nation to continue to function effectively.
  • critical asset  - specific entity that is of such extraordinary importance that its incapacitation or destruction would have a very serious, debilitating effect on the ability of a nation to continue to function effectively.
  • critical capability  - A means that is considered a crucial enabler for a center of gravity to function as such and is essential to the accomplishment of the specified or assumed objective(s).
  • critical component  - such components, subsystems, systems, and related special tooling and test equipment essential to the production, repair, maintenance, or operation of weapon systems or other items of equipment identified by the President as being essential to the execution of the national security strategy of the United States. Components identified as critical by a National Security Assessment shall be designated as critical components for purposes of this chapter, unless the President determines that the designation is unwarranted. DOD/ DHS
  • critical electric infrastructure information  - information related to critical electric infrastructure, or proposed critical electrical infrastructure, generated by or provided to the Commission or other Federal agency, other than classified national security information, that is designated as critical electric infrastructure information by the Commission or the Secretary. Such term includes information that qualifies as critical energy infrastructure information under the Commission's regulations.
  • critical electric infrastructure  - a system or asset of the bulk-power system, whether physical or virtual, the incapacity or destruction of which would negatively affect national security, economic security, public DOI
  • critical electric infrastructure  - a system or asset of the bulk-power system, whether physical or virtual, the incapacity or destruction of which would negatively affect national security, economic security, public health or safety, or any combination of such matters.
  • critical event  - An event or development that we can knowingly predict OR that emerges unexpectedly that is of political, social/ cultural significance. It often presents a "window of opportunity" - a strategic opening in a political transition. It can make or break the momentum or direction of the political transition. DOS/ USAID
  • critical infrastructure protection program  - any component or bureau of a covered Federal agency that has been designated by the President or any agency head to receive critical infrastructure information.
  • critical infrastructure sectors  - the following sectors, in both urban and rural areas: (A) Agriculture and food.
(B) Banking and finance.
(C) Chemical industries.
(D) Commercial facilities.
(E) Commercial nuclear reactors, materials, and waste. (F) Dams. (G) The defense industrial base. (H) Emergency services.
(I) Energy.
(J) Government facilities. (K) Information technology.
(L) National monuments and icons. (M) Postal and shipping. (N) Public health and health care. (O) Telecommunications.
(P) Transportation systems.
(Q) Water.
  • critical infrastructure  - Systems, assets, and networks, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination of those matters./ FEMA
  • critical infrastructure  - any systems and assets, whether physical or cyber-based, so vital to the United States that the degradation or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on national security, including, but not limited to, national economic security and national public health or safety. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • critical infrastructure  - systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital that the incapacity or destruction of such may have a debilitating impact on the security, economy, public health or safety, environment, or any combination of those matters, across any federal, state, regional, territorial, or local jurisdiction as established in the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP), includes the sectors of agriculture and food; drinking water and wastewater treatment systems; dams; public health and healthcare; emergency services; government and commercial facilities; defense industrial base; national monuments and icons; information technology; telecommunications; energy; nuclear reactors, materials and waste; transportation systems; banking and finance; chemical industry; postal and shipping.
  • critical infrastructure  - systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination of those matters. White House
  • critical infrastructure  - systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health safety, or any combination of those matters. White House
  • critical operational issue  - operational effectiveness and operational suitability issues (not characteristics, parameters, or thresholds) that must be examined in operational test and evaluation (OT&E) to evaluate/ assess the system’s capability to provide the desired capability.
  • critical planning assumption  - a supposition or perception about the conditions within the country, behavior of other regional and international actors, resources or causality that, should it prove false, would dramatically change the overall strategy or impede progress towards the desired outcome
  • critical program information  - elements or components of a special access program that, if compromised, could cause significant degradation in mission effectiveness, shorten the expected combat-effective life of the system, reduce technological advantage, significantly alter program direction, or enable an adversary to defeat, counter, copy, or reverse-engineer the technology or capability.
  • critical sector  - one of the 16 critical sectors which are a logical collection of assets, systems, or networks that provide a common function to the economy, government, or society includes systems and assets, whether DHS
  • critical sensitive position  - functioning position that has the potential for exceptionally grave damage to the national security includes access up to, and including, top secret national security information or materials; or other positions related to national security, regardless of duties, that require the same degree of trust.
  • critical services  - power, water (including water provided by an irrigation organization or facility), sewer, wastewater treatment, communications (including broadcast and telecommunications), education, and emergency medical care
  • critical water supply needs  - existing or reasonably anticipated future water supply needs that cannot be met by existing water supplies, as identified in a comprehensive statewide or regional water supply plan or assessment projected over a planning period of at least 20 years.
  • criticality assessment  - An assessment that identifies key assets and infrastructure that support Department of Defense missions, units, or activities and are deemed mission critical by military commanders or civilian agency managers. Also called CA.
  • criticality assessment  - product or process of systematically identifying, evaluating, and prioritizing based on the importance of an impact to mission(s) or function(s), or continuity of operations.
  • criticality  - importance to a mission or function, or continuity of operations.
  • cross functional team  - team established within the DHS requirements definition process that is typically comprised of subject matter experts from the four groups within S&T and, following the development of an Operational Needs Statement, focus on solutions to those needs.
  • crude oil tanker  - a tanker engaged in the trade of carrying crude oil. DOT/ Maritim e
  • crude oil  - a liquid hydrocarbon mixture occurring naturally in the earth, whether or not treated to render it suitable for transportation, and includes crude oil from which certain distillate fractions may have been removed, and crude oil to which certain distillate fractions may have been added. DOT/ Maritim e
  • crush wire switch  - switch where contact point(s) spanning a length of wire that function the IED when crushed.
  • cultural affiliation  - that there is a relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced historically or prehistorically between a present day Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization and an DOI
  • cultural affiliation  - that there is a relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced historically or prehistorically between a present day Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization and an identifiable earlier group.
  • cultural items  - human remains and associated funerary objects - objects that, as a part of the death rite or ceremony of a culture, are reasonably believed to have been placed with individual human remains either at the time of death or later, and both the human remains and associated funerary objects are presently in the possession or control of a Federal agency or museum, except that other items exclusively made for burial purposes or to contain human remains shall be considered as associated funerary objects.
  • cultural patrimony  - an object having ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual Native American, and which, therefore, cannot be alienated, appropriated, or conveyed by any individual regardless of whether or not the individual is a member of the Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization and such object shall have been considered inalienable by such Native American group at the time the object was separated from such group.
  • customs waters  - in the case of a foreign vessel subject to a treaty or other arrangement between a foreign government and the United States enabling or permitting the authorities of the United States to board, examine, search, seize, or otherwise to enforce upon such vessel upon the high seas the laws of the United States, the waters within such distance of the coast of the United States as the said authorities are or may be so enabled or permitted by such treaty or arrangement and, in the case of every other vessel, the waters within four leagues of the coast of the United States.
  • cyber incident  - An event occurring on or conducted through a computer network that actually or imminently jeopardizes the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of computers, information or communications systems or networks, physical or virtual infrastructure controlled by computers or information systems, or information resident thereon. For purposes of this directive, a cyber incident may include a vulnerability in an information system, system security procedures, internal controls, or implementation that could be exploited by a threat source. White House
  • cyber incident  - actions taken through the use of computer networks that result in an actual or potentially DOD
  • cyber incident  - incident occurring on or conducted through a computer network that actually or imminently jeopardizes the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of computers, information or communications systems or networks, physical or virtual infrastructure controlled by computers or information systems, or information resident thereon.
  • cyber security  - Information operations that protect and defend information and IT systems by ensuring their availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non-repudiation. This includes providing for restoration of IT systems by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction
  • cyber threat indicator  - in the Cybersecurity Act of 2015.
  • cybersecurity category  - a position's or incumbent's primary work function involving cybersecurity, which is further defined by Specialty Area.
  • cybersecurity purpose  - the purpose of protecting an information system or information that is stored on, processed by, or transiting an information system from a cybersecurity threat or security vulnerability.
  • cybersecurity threat  - an action, not protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, on or through an information system that may result in an unauthorized effort to adversely impact the security, availability, confidentiality, or integrity of an information system or information that is stored on, processed by, or transiting an information system.
  • cybersecurity violation  - As it relates to CSIP, the second subset of a cybersecurity incident, more serious than an infraction because it results in damage or significant risk to the Departments cyber infrastructure due to an individuals failure to comply with established Department computer security policy
  • cybersecurity  - prevention of damage to, protection of, and restoration of computers, electronic communications systems, electronic communications services, wire communication, and electronic communication, including information contained therein, to ensure its availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non-repudiation. White House
  • cybersecurity  — Prevention of damage to, protection of, and restoration of computers, electronic communications systems, electronic communications services, wire communication, and electronic communication, including information contained therein, to ensure its availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and nonrepudiation.
  • cyberspace operations  — The employment of cyberspace capabilities where the primary purpose is to achieve objectives in or through cyberspace.
  • cyberspace  - A global domain within the information environment consisting of the interdependent network of information technology infrastructures and resident data, including the Internet, telecommunications networks, computer systems, and embedded processors and controllers. DOD
  • cyberspace  - virtual environment, accessible via computer networks, where communication can take place and information can be shared often interchanged with the word Internet, cyberspace is the artificial realm created by and accessible through computer networks with the intended function of sharing information and facilitating communication.
  • daisy chain improvised explosive device  - single improvised explosive device (IED) with one firing signal that can initiate multiple connected main charges.
  • damages  - damages, and includes the cost of assessing these damages.
  • data and information risk  - risk associated with the loss or misuse of data or information includes; risk of compromise of privacy information; risk of increased burdens on citizens and businesses because of data collection requirements if the associated business processes or the project requires access to data from other sources (federal, state, and/ or local agencies).
  • data mining person  - per - The Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act - a program involving pattern- based queries, searches, or other analyses of 1 or more electronic databases, where — (A) a department or agency of the Federal Government, or a non-federal entity acting on behalf of the Federal Government, is conducting the queries, searches, or other analyses to discover or locate a predictive pattern or anomaly indicative of terrorist or criminal activity on the part of any individual or individuals; (B) the queries, searches, or other analyses are not subject-based and do not use personal identifiers of a specific individual, or inputs associated with a specific individual or group of individuals, to retrieve information from the database or databases; and (C) the purpose of the queries, searches, or other analyses is not solely — (i) the detection of fraud, waste, or abuse in a government agency or program; or (ii) the security of a government computer system.
  • data model  - graphic and/ or lexical representation of the data and information required to support the operation of any set of business processes and/ or the systems used to automate them.
  • declared event  - a major disaster or emergency.
  • decontamination  - The process of making any person, object, or area safe by absorbing, destroying, neutralizing, making harmless, or removing chemical or biological agents, or by removing radioactive material clinging to or around it.
  • deep seabed  - the seabed, and the subsoil thereof to a depth of ten meters, lying seaward of and outside — (A ) the Continental Shelf of any nation; and (B) any area of national resource jurisdiction of any foreign DOI
  • deep seabed  - the seabed, and the subsoil thereof to a depth of ten meters, lying seaward of and outside — (A ) the Continental Shelf of any nation; and (B) any area of national resource jurisdiction of any foreign nation, if such area extends beyond the Continental Shelf of such nation and such jurisdiction is recognized by the United States.
  • deep seabed  - the seabed, and the subsoil thereof to a depth of ten meters, lying seaward of and outside — (A) the Continental Shelf of any nation; and (B) any area of national resource jurisdiction of any foreign nation, if such area extends beyond the Continental Shelf of such nation and such jurisdiction is recognized by the DOI
  • deep seabed  - the seabed, and the subsoil thereof to a depth of ten meters, lying seaward of and outside — (A) the Continental Shelf of any nation; and (B) any area of national resource jurisdiction of any foreign nation, if such area extends beyond the Continental Shelf of such nation and such jurisdiction is recognized by the United States.
  • deep-draft harbor  - a harbor which is authorized to be constructed to a depth of more than 45 feet.
  • defense critical electric infrastructure  - any electric infrastructure located in any of the 48 contiguous States or the District of Columbia that serves a facility designated by the Secretary but is not owned or operated by the owner or operator of such facility.
  • defense critical infrastructure  - Department of Defense and non-Department of Defense networked assets and facilities essential to project, support, and sustain military forces and operations worldwide. Also called DCI.
  • defense support of civil authorities  - Support provided by U.S. military forces (Regular, Reserve, and National Guard), Department of Defense (DOD) civilians, DOD contract personnel, and DOD agency and component assets, in response to requests for assistance from civilian Federal, State, local, and tribal authorities for domestic emergencies, designated law enforcement support, and other domestic activities. Also called DSCA./ FEMA
  • defense support of civil authorities  - civil support activities provided by U.S. military forces, Department of Defense (DOD) civilians, DOD contract personnel, and DOD agency and component assets, in response to requests for assistance from civilian federal, state, local, and tribal authorities under the auspices of the national response framework (for domestic emergencies).
  • defense support of civil authorities  — Support provided by US Federal military forces, Department of Defense civilians, Department of Defense contract personnel, Department of Defense component assets, and National Guard forces (when the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the governors of the affected DOD
  • defense support of civil authorities  — Support provided by US Federal military forces, Department of Defense civilians, Department of Defense contract personnel, Department of Defense component assets, and National Guard forces (when the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the governors of the affected states, elects and requests to use those forces in Title 32, United States Code, status) in response to requests for assistance from civil authorities for domestic emergencies, law enforcement support, and other domestic activities, or from qualifying entities for special events. Also called DSCA. Also known as civil support.
  • defensive measure  - an action, device, procedure, signature, technique, or other measure applied to an information system or information that is stored on, processed by, or transiting an information system that detects, prevents, or mitigates a known or suspected cybersecurity threat or security vulnerability.
  • defensive measure  - does not include a measure that destroys, renders unusable, provides unauthorized access to, or substantially harms an information system or information stored on, processed by, or transiting such information system not owned by—(i) the private entity operating the measure; or (ii) another entity or Federal entity that is authorized to provide consent and has provided consent to that private entity for operation of such measure.
  • deliberate planning  - 1. The Adaptive Planning and Execution system process involving the development of joint operation plans for contingencies identified in joint strategic planning documents. 2. A planning process for the deployment and employment of apportioned forces and resources that occurs in response to a hypothetical situation.
  • demilitarization  - The rendering of a product unusable for, and not restorable to, the purpose for which it was designed or is customarily used
  • demobilization  - The orderly, safe, and efficient return of a resource to its original location and status./ FEMA
  • denial of eligibility for access to National Security Information  - adjudicative decision that an individual is not eligible for access to classified information.
  • departmental intelligence function  - collection, gathering, processing, analysis, production, or dissemination of intelligence, the primary purpose of which is to support the preventive, protective, enforcement, or other responsibilities of the Department.
  • departmental intelligence  - intelligence collected, gathered, processes, analyzed, produced, or disseminated by the Department (or any element thereof) to support the preventive, protective, enforcement, or other responsibilities of the Department.
  • deportable alien  - alien in and/ or admitted to the United States that is subject to a ground(s) of removal of the Immigration and Nationality Act.
  • deportation  - removal of a person from the host country by the legal and/ or political authorities of that country, usually through a formal proceeding
  • depreciated actual cost  - of a vessel- (A) if the vessel was not reconstructed or reconditioned, the actual cost of the vessel depreciated on a straight line basis over the useful life of the vessel as determined by the Secretary or Administrator, not to exceed 25 years from the date of delivery by the builder; or (B) if the vessel was reconstructed or reconditioned, the sum of—(i) the actual cost of the vessel depreciated on a straight line basis from the date of delivery by the builder to the date of the reconstruction or reconditioning, using the original useful life of the vessel, and from the date of the reconstruction or reconditioning, using a useful life of the vessel determined by the Secretary or Administrator; and (ii) any amount paid or obligated to be paid for the reconstruction or reconditioning, depreciated on a straight line basis using a useful life of the vessel determined by the Secretary or Administrator. DOT/ Maritim e
  • derivative classification  - incorporating, paraphrasing, restating, or generating in a new form information that is already classified, and marking the newly developed material consistent with the classification markings that applies to the source information.
  • design-basis threat  - profile of the type, composition, and capabilities of an adversary.
  • detainee operations  — A broad term that encompasses the capture, initial detention and screening, transportation, treatment and protection, housing, transfer, and release of the wide range of persons who could be categorized as detainees. DOD
  • detection technology  - electronic and/ or mechanical means used to assist in the discovery and identification of anomalies or the presence of property or person that may pose a threat or are not in compliance with law.
  • deterrence  - The prevention of action by the existence of a credible threat of unacceptable counteraction and/ or belief that the cost of action outweighs the perceived benefits.
  • deterrent  - measure that discourages an action or prevents an occurrence by instilling fear, doubt, or anxiety.
  • developed countries  - countries so designated by the President.
  • developed  - a purposeful modification of land, or an interest in land, from its original state that effectuates a condition of gainful and productive present use without further substantial modification. Any such modification shall be performed by the Native individual or Native Corporation. Surveying, construction of roads, providing utilities, or other similar actions, which are normally considered to be component parts of the development process but do not create the condition described in the preceding sentence, shall not constitute a developed state within the meaning of this clause. In order to terminate the exemptions listed in paragraph (1), land, or an interest in land, must be developed for purposes other than exploration, and the exemptions will be terminated only with respect to the smallest practicable tract actually used in the developed state. Any lands previously developed by third-party trespassers shall not be considered to have been.
  • developed  - a purposeful modification of land, or an interest in land, from its original state that effectuates a condition of gainful and productive present use without further substantial modification. Any such modification shall be performed by the Native individual or Native Corporation. Surveying, construction of roads, providing utilities, or other similar actions, which are normally considered to be component parts of the development process but do not create the condition described in the preceding sentence, shall not constitute a developed state within the meaning of this clause. In order to terminate the exemptions listed in paragraph (1), land, or an interest in land, must be developed for purposes other than exploration, and the exemptions will be terminated only with respect to the smallest practicable tract actually used in the developed state. Any lands previously developed by third-party trespassers shall not be considered to have been. DOI
  • developing country  - a country designated as a developing country by the Trade Representative.
  • development assistance  - Programs, projects, and activities carried out by the United States Agency for International Development that improve the lives of the citizens of developing countries while furthering United States foreign policy interests in expanding democracy and promoting free market economic growth.
  • development assistance  - Programs, projects, and activities carried out by the United States Agency for International Development that improve the lives of the citizens of developing countries while furthering United States foreign policy interests in expanding democracy and promoting free market economic growth. DOD
  • development objective  - the most ambitious result that a USAID operating unit, along with its partners, can materially affect, and for which it is willing to be held accountable. A DO is a results statement, in other words, it is a problem solved
  • development unit  - a part of a project which, for purposes of orderly engineering or reclamation development, is designated as a development unit by order of the Secretary.
  • development  - The systematic use of knowledge and understanding gained from research, directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems, or methods, including design and development of prototypes and processes
  • development  - any or all undertakings necessary for planning, land acquisition, demolition, construction, or equipment, in connection with a low-income housing project. DOD/ DOJ
  • development  - systematic application of knowledge toward the production of useful materials, devices, and systems or methods that leverage the results of applied research activities includes: validation and demonstration of a chosen technology in laboratory, representative and operational environments, improving on research prototypes, integration into systems and subsystems, addressing manufacturing, producibility and sustainability needs, and independent operational test and evaluation.
  • development  - the phase of a program following the formulation phase and beginning with the approval to proceed to implementation.
  • development  - those activities which take place following discovery of minerals in paying quantities, including geophysical activity, drilling, platform construction, and operation of all onshore support facilities, and which are for the purpose of ultimately producing the minerals discovered.
  • diplomatic visa  - a nonimmigrant visa bearing that title and issued to a nonimmigrant in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary of State may prescribe.
  • direct action  - Short-duration strikes and other small-scale offensive actions conducted as a special operation in hostile, denied, or diplomatically sensitive environments and which employ specialized military capabilities to seize, destroy, capture, exploit, recover, or damage designated targets. Also called DA. See also special operations; special operations forces.
  • direct consequence  - effect that is an immediate result of an event, incident, or occurrence.
  • directional effect charge  - main charge configuration where the explosive effect is channeled to an intended area.
  • directive DHS Directives System  - document that briefly and broadly articulates DHS policies, missions, programs, or activities of a continuing nature that are required or authorized by statute, rulemaking, the President, or the Secretary to initiate, govern or regulate actions or conduct by DHS Components, officers, DHS
  • disaster area  - an area in which the President has declared a major disaster during the period of such declaration. DHHS
  • disaster area  - an area that has suffered or in which has occurred an emergency or disaster. DOL
  • disaster assistance response team  - A team deployed by the United States Agency for International Development, if a large-scale, urgent, and/ or extended response is necessary, to provide specialists to assist the chief of mission and the United States Agency for International Development mission (where present) with the management of the United States Government response to a disaster. Also called DART. See also foreign disaster; foreign disaster relief.
  • disaster assistance response team  - A team of specialists, trained in a variety of disaster relief skills, rapidly deployed to assist US embassies and United States Agency for International Development missions with the management of US Government response to disasters. Also called DART. See also foreign disaster; foreign disaster relief.
  • disaster county  - a county included in the geographic area covered by a qualifying natural disaster declaration.
  • disaster or emergency  - a major disaster or emergency, as declared by the President, that results in severe adverse effects for a substantial number of employees (e.g., loss of life or property, serious injury, or mental illness as a result of a direct threat to life or health)
  • disaster recovery center  - A facility established in a centralized location within or near the disaster area at which disaster victims (individuals, families, or businesses) apply for disaster aid. Also called DRC./ FEMA
  • disaster recovery plan  - A written plan for recovering one or more information systems at an alternate facility in response to a major hardware or software failure or destruction of facilities
  • disaster recovery plan  - The detailed plan for restoring operations in CGFS financial service centers is rendered inoperable because of fire, natural disaster, acts of war, or other violence
  • discharge  - spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping, however caused. DOT/ Maritim e
  • disclosure  - transmission, communication, sharing or passing of any information includes to any federal, state, local, tribal, or territorial government, private sector entity, or any foreign government, foreign person, or international organization.
  • discovery clandestine surveillance  - finding of a clandestine technical surveillance device.
  • displaced adult  - an individual 21 years of age or older who is displaced from the habitual residence of that individual as a result of a declared event.
  • displaced child  - an individual under 21 years of age who is displaced from the habitual residence of that individual as a result of a declared event.
  • displaced person  - A broad term used to refer to internally and externally displaced persons collectively. See DOD
  • displacement switch  - switch that utilizes a jug or other container, with two contacts, one fixed and one floating substance dissipates or fills the container, meet and complete the circuit.
  • disruptive event  - occurrence, caused by either human action or natural phenomena, that may cause harm and that may require action incident].
  • disseminate and communicate  - ability to coordinate and share information (controlling both the sending of the information itself and the feedback)includes intelligence at the appropriate levels and among stakeholders with the appropriate clearance levels and a valid need in order to inform decision-makers.
  • dissemination matrix  - document used by fusion center personnel to ensure the proper review, handling, and dissemination of products identifies fusion center customers, classification, and handling caveats; details peer and supervisory reviews; and identifies the dissemination method for each fusion center product type.
  • distressed person  - An individual who requires search and rescue assistance to remove he or she from life- threatening or isolating circumstances in a permissive environment.
  • distribution utility  - an electric utility that has a service obligation to end-users or to a State utility or electric cooperative that, directly or indirectly, through one or more additional State utilities or electric cooperatives, provides electric service to end-users.
  • district  - any individual or any legal entity established under State law which has entered into a contract or is eligible to contract with the Secretary for irrigation water.
  • disturbance trigger  - victim operated trigger that senses when objects or their wrappings are moved or disturbed, initiating a firing device sensitive mechanisms such as tilt, anti-lift, and trembler switches may be used.
  • diverting environmental sustainability  - process of redirecting materials that might otherwise be placed in the waste stream to recycling or recovery excludes diversion to waste-to-energy facilities.
  • division of a project  - any part of a project designated as a division by order of the Secretary or any phase or feature of project operations given a separate designation as a division by order of the Secretary for the purposes of orderly and efficient administration.
  • division  - The partition of an incident into geographical areas of operation. Divisions are established when the number of resources exceeds the manageable span of control of the Operations Chief. A Division is located within the Incident Command System organization between the Branch and resources in the Operations Section./ FEMA
  • documented vessel  - any vessel of the United States that has been issued a certificate of documentation that might include a register, enrollment, license, or enrollment and license for various trades. DOT/ Maritim e
  • domestic article  - an article wholly or in part the growth or product of the United States.
  • domestic counterterrorism  - measures, offensive and defensive, for the prevention and interdiction of terrorist activity within the United States primarily offensive in nature including use of investigations, prosecutions, screening, disrupting enemy communications, etc.
  • domestic emergencies  - Civil defense emergencies, civil disturbances, major disasters, or natural disasters affecting the public welfare and occurring within the United States and its territories. See also natural disaster.
  • domestic readiness group  - An interagency body convened on a regular basis to develop and coordinate preparedness, response, and incident management policy. This group evaluates various policy issues of interagency importance regarding domestic preparedness and incident management and makes recommendations to senior levels of the policymaking structure for decision. During an incident, the DRG may be convened by the Department of Homeland Security to evaluate relevant interagency policy issues regarding response and develop recommendations as may be required. Also called DRG./ FEMA
  • domestic terrorism  - act of unlawful violence that is dangerous to human life or potentially destructive of critical infrastructure or key resources committed by a group or person based and operating entirely within the United States or its territories without direction or inspiration from a foreign terrorist group is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any state or other subdivision of the United States and appears to be intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion, or to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping.
  • domestic terrorism  - activities that—
(A) involve acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State; (B) appear to be intended—
(i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
(ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or
(iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and (C) occur primarily within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States. DOJ
  • domestic voyage  - movement of a vessel between places in, or subject to the jurisdiction of, the United States, except movement between—(A) a place in a territory or possession of the United States or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands; and(B) a place outside that territory, possession, or Trust Territory. DOT/ Maritim e
  • dual diagnosis  - coexisting substance abuse and mental illness conditions or diagnosis. Such clients are sometimes referred to as mentally ill chemical abusers (MICAs).
  • dual tone multi frequency improvised explosive device- (See  - dual tone multi frequency improvised explosive device) Also called dual tone multi frequency IED.
  • dual use research area of concern initial review life sciences  - preliminary review of life sciences research to identify potential dual use research of concern (DURC)based on the criteria outlined in the USG DURC Policy.
  • dual use research of concern life sciences  - life sciences research that, based on current understanding, can be reasonably anticipated to provide knowledge, information, products, or technologies that could be directly misapplied to pose a significant threat with broad potential consequences to public health and safety, agricultural crops and other plants, animals, the environment, materiel, or national security.
  • dual use research of concern technical review life sciences  - detailed assessment of life sciences research objectives, procedures, processes, and resulting products conducted by S&T technical experts to determine whether the research processes and/ or deliverables should be designated as dual use research of concern (DURC).
  • duty to warn  - requirement to warn U.S. and non-U.S. person of impending threats of intentional killing, serious bodily injury or kidnapping.
  • dynamite  - high explosive used for blasting consisting essentially of a mixture of, but not limited to, nitroglycerin, nitrocellulose, ammonium nitrate, sodium nitrate, and carbonaceous materials.
  • economic assistance  - assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961; relating to development assistance and assistance under Title 22; relating to the economic support fund. DOS
  • economic benefit of the overloading  - the amount obtained by multiplying the weight of the overload (in tons ) by the lesser of — (A) the average freight rate value of a ton of the vessel's cargo for the voyage; or (B) $50. DOT/ Maritim e
  • economic consequence  - effect of an incident, event, or occurrence on the value of property or on the production, trade, distribution, or use of income, wealth, or commodities.
  • efficiency measures  - in a more advanced security program efficiency measures are used to assess the timeliness and efficiency of security control implementation
  • electric cooperative  - any cooperative association eligible to receive loans.
  • electric initiator  - initiator whose functioning is started by an electrical impulse that creates heat or a spark.
  • electromagnetic pulse  - 1 or more pulses of electromagnetic energy emitted by a device capable of disabling or disrupting operation of, or destroying, electronic devices or communications networks, including hardware, software, and data, by means of such a pulse.
  • electromagnetic spectrum  - The range of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation from zero to infinity. It is divided into 26 alphabetically designated bands. See also electronic warfare.
  • electronic and information technology  - information technology including any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem used in the creation, conversion, or duplication of data or information includes, but is not limited to, software applications and operating systems, telecommunications products, information kiosks and transaction machines, Web sites (Internet, Intranet, and Extranet), video and multimedia DHS
  • electronic initiator  - initiator controlled or operated by the controlled flow of electrons.
  • electronic surveillance  - acquisition of a non-public communication by electronic means without the consent of a person who is a party to an electronic communication in the case of a non-electronic communication, without the consent of a person who is visibly present at the place of communication, but not including the use of radio-finding equipment solely to determine the location of a transmitter.
  • electronic surveillance  - acquisition of a nonpublic communication by electronic means without the consent of a person who is a party to an electronic communication or, in the case of a nonelectronic communication, without the consent of a person who is visibly present at the place of communication, but not including the use of radio direction-finding equipment solely to determine the location of a transmitter. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • electronic timing switch  - timing switch using a commercial or improvised electronic timer or integrated circuit to start the initiation train.
  • elephant  - any animal of the species loxodonta Africana.
  • elevated improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) emplaced above the surface: hanging from an overpass, on a roof, etc.
  • eligibility determination security  - determinations of eligibility for access to classified information based on criteria established under E.O. 12968.
  • eligible export vessel  - a vessel that — (A) is constructed, reconstructed, or reconditioned in the United States for use in world-wide trade; and (B) will, on delivery or redelivery, become or remain documented under the laws of a country other than the United States. DOT/ Maritim e
  • eligible land  - land on which agricultural commodities, livestock, or forest-related products are produced.
  • eligible land  - land on which agricultural commodities, livestock, or forest-related products are produced. DOI
  • eligible migrant  - a qualified immigrant who is the spouse or unmarried child of a legalized alien.
  • eligible solar, wind, waste or geothermal facility  - a facility which produces electric energy solely by the use, as a primary energy source, of solar energy, wind energy, waste resources or geothermal resources; but only if — (i) either of the following is submitted to the Commission not later than December 31, 1994: (I) an application for certification of the facility as a qualifying small power production facility; or (II) notice that the facility meets the requirements for qualification; and (ii) construction of such facility commences not later than December 31, 1999, or, if not, reasonable diligence is exercised toward the completion of such facility taking into account all factors relevant to construction of the facility.
  • eligible solar, wind, waste or geothermal facility  - a facility which produces electric energy solely by the use, as a primary energy source, of solar energy, wind energy, waste resources or geothermal resources; but only if — (i) either of the following is submitted to the Commission not later than December 31, 1994: (I) an application for certification of the facility as a qualifying small power production facility; or
(II) notice that the facility meets the requirements for qualification; and (ii) construction of such facility commences not later than December 31, 1999, or, if not, reasonable diligence is exercised toward the completion of such DOI
  • eligible solar, wind, waste or geothermal facility  - a facility which produces electric energy solely by the use, as a primary energy source, of solar energy, wind energy, waste resources or geothermal resources; but only if — (i) either of the following is submitted to the Commission not later than December 31, 1994: (I) an application for certification of the facility as a qualifying small power production facility; or
(II) notice that the facility meets the requirements for qualification; and (ii) construction of such facility commences not later than December 31, 1999, or, if not, reasonable diligence is exercised toward the completion of such facility taking into account all factors relevant to construction of the facility.
  • eligible tribal consortium  - a consortium composed of 2 or more Service units between which a mobile health station can be transported by road in up to 8 hours. A Service unit operated by the Service or by an Indian tribe or tribal organization shall be equally eligible for participation in such consortium.
  • emergency action  - action needed to respond to the immediate impacts of an emergency does not include long- term recovery actions.
  • emergency change IT service  - alteration in the current state that must be introduced immediately to resolve a major incident or implement a security patch is the highest priority change that can be defined in an organization.
  • emergency change advisory board  - subgroup of the Change Advisory Board that makes decisions about emergency changes.
  • emergency management assistance compact  - A congressionally ratified organization that provides form and structure to interstate mutual aid. Through EMAC, a disaster-affected State can request and receive assistance from other member States quickly and efficiently, resolving two key issues up front - liability and reimbursement. Also called EMAC./ FEMA
  • emergency management system  - Coordination of systems and multidisciplinary personnel (e.g., police, fire, emergency managers) to address all phases of an incident. DHHS
  • emergency management  - As subset of incident management, the coordination and integration of all activities necessary to build, sustain, and improve the capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, or mitigate against threatened or actual natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other manmade disasters./ FEMA
  • emergency management  - Organized efforts to mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from an emergency
  • emergency management  - coordination and integration of all activities necessary to build, sustain and improve the capabilities to prepare for, respond to, recover from, or mitigate against threatened or actual disasters or emergencies, regardless of cause emergency management activities in response to an incident are a DHS
  • emergency management  - coordination and integration of all activities necessary to build, sustain and improve the capabilities to prepare for, respond to, recover from, or mitigate against threatened or actual disasters or emergencies, regardless of cause emergency management activities in response to an incident are a component of overall incident management and are aligned with parallel response processes associated with prevention and protection.
  • emergency management  - the governmental function that coordinates and integrates all activities necessary to build, sustain, and improve the capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, or mitigate against threatened or actual natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other man-made disasters.
  • emergency manager  - The person who has the day-to-day responsibility for emergency management programs and activities. The role is one of coordinating all aspects of a jurisdiction's mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery capabilities./ FEMA
  • emergency medical condition  - a medical condition manifesting itself by acute symptoms of sufficient severity DHHS
  • emergency medical services training education advisory council  - advisory body providing advice and recommendation to the Assistant Secretary for Health Affairs/ Chief Medical Officer on matters relating to DHS
  • emergency medical services  - A system of coordinated response involving private and public agencies and organizations that provides emergency medical care after an incident that causes serious illness or injury. Also called EMS. DHHS
  • emergency medical services  - resources used by a public or nonprofit entity to deliver medical care outside of a medical facility under emergency conditions that occur as a result of — (A) the condition of a patient; or (B) a natural disaster or related condition.
  • emergency operating record  - documentary material and database essential to the continued functioning or the reconstitution of an agency during and after a continuity event include emergency plans and directives, orders of succession, delegations of authority, staffing assignments, and related policy or procedural records.
  • emergency operations center  - The physical location at which the coordination of information and resources to support incident management (on-scene operations) activities normally takes place. An EOC may be a temporary facility or may be located in a more central or permanently established facility, perhaps at a higher level of organization within a jurisdiction. EOCs may be organized by major functional disciplines (e.g., fire, law enforcement, and medical services), by jurisdiction (e.g., Federal, State, regional, tribal, city, county), or some combination thereof. Also called EOC./ FEMA
  • emergency operations center  - physical location where the coordination of information and resources to support incident management activities normally takes place may be a temporary facility or may be located in a more central or permanently established facility, perhaps at a higher level or organization within a jurisdiction.
  • emergency personnel  - category of essential personnel that are employees who are assigned to positions required to sustain a facility or function in the event of a localized situation, such as inclement weather or a dismissal or closure of DHS operations or services.
  • emergency plan  - The ongoing plan maintained by various jurisdictional levels for responding to a wide variety of potential hazards./ FEMA
  • emergency preparedness  - Measures taken in advance of an emergency to reduce the loss of life and property and to protect a nation’s institutions from all types of hazards through a comprehensive emergency management program of preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery. Also called EP.
  • emergency preparedness  - all those activities and measures designed or undertaken to prepare for or minimize the effects of a hazard upon the civilian population, to deal with the immediate emergency conditions which would be created by the hazard, and to effectuate emergency repairs to, or the emergency restoration of, vital utilities and facilities destroyed or damaged by the hazard. Such term includes the following: (A) Measures to be undertaken in preparation for anticipated hazards (including the establishment of DHHS/ HUD/ EPA/ FEMA
  • emergency response providers  - Federal, State, and local governmental and nongovernmental emergency public safety, fire, law enforcement, emergency response, emergency medical (including hospital emergency facilities), and related personnel, agencies, and authorities.
  • emergency services sector  - A system of preparedness, response, and recovery elements that form the nation's first line of defense for preventing and mitigating the risk from physical and cyber attacks, and manmade and natural disasters. The sector consists of emergency services facilities and associated systems, trained and tested personnel, detailed plans and procedures, redundant systems, and mutual-aid agreements that provide life safety and security services across the Nation via a first-responder community comprised of federal, state, local, tribal, territorial and private sector partners. DHHS
  • emergency support functions  - A grouping of government and certain private-sector capabilities into an organizational structure to provide the support, resources, program implementation, and services that are most likely to be needed to save lives, protect property and the environment, restore essential services and critical infrastructure, and help victims and communities return to normal, when feasible, following domestic incidents. Also called ESFs.
  • emergency support functions  - Used by the Federal Government and many State governments as the primary mechanism at the operational level to organize and provide assistance. ESFs align categories of resources and provide strategic objectives for their use. ESFs utilize standardized resource management concepts such as typing, inventorying, and tracking to facilitate the dispatch, deployment, and recovery of resources before, during, and after an incident. Also called ESFs./ FEMA
  • emergency work  - clearance and removal of debris and wreckage and temporary restoration of essential public DHHS/
  • emergency  - Any incident, whether natural or manmade, that requires responsive action to protect life or property. Under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, an emergency means any occasion or instance for which, in the determination of the President, Federal assistance is needed to supplement State and local efforts and capabilities to save lives and to protect property and public health and safety, or to lessen or avert the threat of a catastrophe in any part of the United States./ FEMA
  • emerging issues  - An issue or topic of growing importance or concern within a region, country or community that has the potential to impact or affect the momentum or direction of the political transition
  • enabling clause  - the Decision on Differential and More Favourable Treatment, Reciprocity and Fuller Participation of Developing Countries (L/ 4903), adopted November 28, 1979, under GATT 1947.
  • endemic  - The constant presence and/ or usual presence of a disease or condition found in a population within a geographic area. This may also be thought of as the baseline. USAID
  • endorsing or espousing terrorism  - An alien is inadmissible under INA if the alien endorses or espouses terrorist activity or persuades others to endorse or support terrorist activity or a terrorist organization. A safe house; Transportation; Communications; Funds; Transfer of funds or other material financial benefit; False documentation or identification; Weapons including chemical, biological, or radiological weapons; Explosives; or Training
  • enforcement action  - formal, written notification by an authorized federal, state, local, or regional authority of the alleged violation of any applicable statutory or regulatory requirement.
  • enforcement operation under chapter VII of the charter of the United Nations  - to assign members of the Armed Forces of the United States to a United Nations military command structure as part of a peacekeeping operation under chapter VI of the charter of the United Nations or peace enforcement operation under chapter VII of the charter of the United Nations in which those members of the Armed Forces of the United States are subject to the command or operational control of one or more foreign military officers not appointed in conformity with the Constitution of the United States. DOS
  • enter/ entry  - to move into, or the act of movement into, the commerce of the United States.
  • environment and social threat  - threat of catastrophic destruction of marine or land resources, conflict between nation-states over maritime or land resources, and mass migration flows that have the potential to harm the maritime or land domains or destabilize regions of the world.
  • environment of operation  - the physical surroundings in which an information system processes, stores, and transmits information. White House
  • environment  - totality of surrounding conditions includes: (1) The natural conditions (weather, climate, ocean conditions, terrain, vegetation, dust, etc.) and induced conditions (electromagnetic interference, heat, vibration, etc.) that constrain the design definitions for end products and their enabling products; (2) External factors affecting an enterprise or project; and (3) External factors affecting development tools, methods, or processes DHS
  • environment  - water, air, land, and all plants and man and other animals living therein, and the interrelationships which exist among these.
  • environmental condition  - ambient surrounding conditions to include weather conditions such as temperature, precipitation, fog, dust, etc.
  • environmental planning and historic preservation decision support system  - IT system designed to use automation to standardize and improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the Department’s environmental planning and historic preservation reviews enables environmental planning and historic preservation DHS
  • environmental planning and historic preservation document  - document prepared during the environmental planning and historic preservation review process and leading to or recording an agency’s decision regarding a proposed action.
  • environmental planning and historic preservation program manager  - person designated in a Component’s approved supplemental procedures as the single point of contact in a Component responsible for coordination with Occupational Safety and Environmental Programs (OSEP) on all environmental planning and historic preservation matters.
  • environmental planning and historic preservation requirements  - statutes, regulations, executive orders, and relevant implementing procedures for the stewardship of natural, historic, and cultural resources, and the protection of communities and public health.
  • environmental planning and historic preservation  - effort required to systematically address the environmental stewardship and compliance requirements in public policy during program and project planning, development, and design; and prior to execution of a proposed action for the purpose of protecting, sustaining, or restoring the quality of the human environment consists wholly or in part of scoping, development and consideration of the proposed action and alternatives, environmental impact evaluation, consideration of mitigation and monitoring, consultation, and public involvement.
  • environmental rights extremist  - group or person who facilitate or engage in acts of unlawful violence against people, businesses, or government entities perceived to be destroying, degrading, or exploiting the natural environment.
  • epidemic  - The increase of cases of a disease, often occurring suddenly, than what would be expected for that population in that area or at that time. Even one or two cases of certain diseases (such as cholera) can be considered an epidemic in other circumstances, an epidemic is defined by where the cases occur (e.g., West Nile virus in the United States) or when the cases occur (e.g., influenza in the summer). USAID
  • escalation  - occurrence of increased intensity or seriousness requiring additional resources in response.
  • especially hazardous cargo  - anhydrous ammonia, ammonium nitrate, chlorine, liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, and any other substance, material, or group or class of material, in a particular amount and form that the Secretary determines by regulation poses a significant risk of creating a transportation security incident while being transported in maritime commerce. DOT/ Maritim e
  • essential functions  - The critical activities performed by departments and agencies in the Federal Government. There are three categories of essential functions - NEFs, PMEFs, and MEFs
  • essential functions  - job duties of the employment position. Essential function does not include marginal functions. A function may be essential if, among other things- (1) The position exists specifically to perform that function; (2) There are a limited number of other employees who could perform the function; or (3) The function is specialized and the individual is hired based on his or her ability to perform it
  • essential functions  - job duty so fundamental to a position that the position requirements cannot be acceptably DHS
  • essential operating record  - documentary material and database essential to the reconstitution of an organization after an emergency include staffing plans, directives, program records needed to reconstitute program activities, and policy(s) or procedural records that assist agency staff in resuming normal operations after an emergency.
  • essential personnel  - employees in positions that are required for the continuation of the Department's primary mission-essential functions includes functions identified as mission essential functions (MEF), national essential functions (NEF), and primary mission essential functions (PMEF); includes employees categorized as: Mission Critical Personnel; COOP Personnel; Contingency/ Incident Personnel; Emergency Personnel; and Exempt Employees; positions may require specific skills, knowledge, certifications or credentials, and some positions may fall under more than one category.
  • essential service provider  - an entity that — (1) provides — (A) telecommunications service;(B) electrical power;(C) natural gas;(D) water and sewer services; or(E) any other essential service, as determined by the President; (2) is—(A) a municipal entity;(B) a nonprofit entity; or(C) a private, for profit entity; and (3) is contributing to efforts to respond to an emergency or major disaster
  • essential vessel  - a vessel that is—(1)(A) security for a mortgage indebtedness to the United States Government; or (B) constructed under this subtitle or required by a contract under this subtitle to be operated on a certain essential foreign trade route; and (2) necessary in the interests of commerce and national defense to be maintained in condition for prompt use. DOT/ Maritim e
  • essential vessel  - a vessel that is—(1)(A) security for a mortgage indebtedness to the United States Government; or (B) constructed under this subtitle or required by a contract under this subtitle to be operated on a certain essential foreign trade route; and (2) necessary in the interests of commerce and national defense to be maintained in condition for prompt use. DOT/ Maritime
  • estimated net explosives weight  - reference to the estimated weight of the main charge derived from observations of the blast effects and crater characteristics.
  • evacuation  - 1. Removal of a patient by any of a variety of transport means from a theater of military operation, or between health services capabilities, for the purpose of preventing further illness or injury, providing additional care, or providing disposition of patients from the military health care system. 2. The clearance DOD
  • evacuation  - 1. Removal of a patient by any of a variety of transport means from a theater of military operation, or between health services capabilities, for the purpose of preventing further illness or injury, providing additional care, or providing disposition of patients from the military health care system. 2. The clearance of personnel, animals, or materiel from a given locality. 3. The controlled process of collecting, classifying, and shipping unserviceable or abandoned materiel, United States or foreign, to appropriate reclamation, maintenance, technical intelligence, or disposal facilities. 4. The ordered or authorized departure of noncombatant evacuees from a specific area to another in the same or different countries by Department of State, Department of Defense, or appropriate military commander. See also evacuee; noncombatant evacuation operation.
  • evacuation  - An action taken that requires all persons in a Department facility to leave the facility and move to a safe area. Evacuations are generally ordered under emergency conditions and may occur with little or no warning. Evacuations may be local (e.g., evacuation of a building) or regional (e.g., evacuation of a city or an area)
  • evacuation  - Organized, phased, and supervised withdrawal, dispersal, or removal of civilians from dangerous or potentially dangerous areas, and their reception and care in safe areas./ FEMA
  • evacuation  - organized and supervised withdrawal, dispersal, or removal of civilians from hazardous or potentially hazardous areas, and their reception and care in designated safe areas.
  • evacuee  - A civilian removed from a place of residence by military direction for reasons of personal security or the requirements of the military situation. See also displaced person; refugee.
  • evacuee  - person subject to an organized and supervised withdrawal, dispersal, or removal from a hazardous or potentially hazardous area.
  • evade and evasion  - entering covered merchandise into the customs territory of the United States by means of any document or electronically transmitted data or information, written or oral statement, or act that is material and false, or any omission that is material, and that results in any cash deposit or other security or any amount of applicable antidumping or countervailing duties being reduced or not being applied with respect to the merchandise.
  • evaluation  - answers the "why" or "why not" of performance, as well as the "what else" question. It is used on a periodic basis to identify the reasons for success or lack of it, to assess effects and impacts, or to indicate which, among a range of program or project/ activity alternatives, is the most efficient and effective. It may also be used to draw lessons for future interventions
  • evaluation  - risk assessment, inspection, or risk assessment and inspection
  • evasion  - The process whereby isolated personnel avoid capture with the goal of successfully returning to areas under friendly control.
  • event signature development/ device profiling  - process of analyzing the tactical and technical identifiers of an improvised explosive device incident to support force protection, targeting, prosecution, and sourcing.
  • event tree  - graphical tool used to illustrate the range and probabilities of possible outcomes that arise from an initiating event.
  • event  - planned, non-emergency activity occurring in a particular place during a particular interval of time includes occurrences such as parades and sporting contests.
  • examine  - process of performing direct, indirect, and/ or informational investigation and inspection of an individual , place, thing, or event to determine compliance or deviation includes the process of comparing or testing financial and/ or operational records against management’s assertions or other criteria during the performance of an internal review.
  • exceptional circumstances  - to exceptional circumstances (such as battery or extreme cruelty to the alien or any child or parent of the alien, serious illness of the alien, or serious illness or death of the spouse, child, or parent of the alien, but not including less compelling circumstances) beyond the control of the alien.
  • exceptional resource  - a resource of scientific, natural, historic, cultural, or recreational value that has been documented by a Federal, State, or local governmental authority, and for which there is a compelling need for conservation and protection under the jurisdiction of a Federal agency in order to maintain the resource for the benefit of the public.
  • exceptional resource  - a resource of scientific, natural, historic, cultural, or recreational value that has been documented by a Federal, State, or local governmental authority, and for which there is a compelling need for conservation and protection under the jurisdiction of a Federal agency in order to maintain the resource for the benefit of the public. DOI
  • excess defense articles  - the quantity of defense articles (other than construction equipment, including tractors, scrapers, loaders, graders, bulldozers, dump trucks, generators, and compressors) owned by the United States Government, and not procured in anticipation of military assistance or sales requirements, or pursuant to a military assistance or sales order, which is in excess of the Approved Force Acquisition Objective and Approved Force Retention Stock of all Department of Defense Components at the time such articles are dropped from inventory by the supplying agency for delivery to countries or international organizations under this Act
  • exercise incident  - An occurrence that directing staffs inject into an exercise, that affects the participating forces or their facilities, and that requires action by the appropriate commander and/ or staff
  • exercise specifications  - The fundamental requirements for an exercise, providing in advance an outline of the concept, form, scope, setting, aim, objectives, force requirements, political implications, analysis arrangements, and costs
  • exercise-directing staff  - A group of experienced, qualified, and knowledgeable officers who direct or control an exercise
  • exercise  - A multinational, joint, or single-service military maneuver or simulated wartime operation that is conducted for training and evaluation purposes and that involves planning, preparation, and execution
  • exercise  - employment of personnel and resources in a controlled environment to test, validate, and/ or improve a specific plan or capability in pursuit of a stated objective DHS
  • exigent circumstances  - situations in which there is a reasonable belief that there is an imminent threat to a person’s life or an imminent and grave threat to the national security of the United States.
  • existing dam  - any dam, the construction of which was completed or on 2 before July 22, 2005, and which does not require any construction or enlargement of impoundment structures (other than repairs or reconstruction) in connection with the installation of any small hydroelectric power project.
  • expedited approval facility  - a covered chemical facility for which the owner or operator elects to submit a site security plan.
  • exploding bridge wire initiator  - initiator or system in which a very high-energy electrical impulse is passed through a bridge wire, literally exploding the bridge wire and releasing thermal and shock energy capable of initiating a relatively insensitive explosive in contact with the bridge wire.
  • exploitation  - Exploitation can be defined as the act of involving a child for economic or other reasons in criminal activities. Exploitation may take place at the hands of parents, neighbors, schoolmates, cults, employers, etc
  • exploration  - any activity, including logistic support, the purpose of which is the identification or evaluation of specific mineral resource deposits. The term includes exploratory drilling, dredging, and other surface or subsurface excavations required to determine the nature and size of mineral resource deposits and the feasibility of their development.
  • exploration  - the examination and investigation of undeveloped land to determine the existence of subsurface nonrenewable resources.
  • exploration  - the examination and investigation of undeveloped land to determine the existence of subsurface nonrenewable resources. DOI
  • exploration  - the process of searching for minerals, including (1) geophysical surveys where magnetic, gravity, seismic, or other systems are used to detect or imply the presence of such minerals, and (2) any drilling, whether on or off known geological structures, including the drilling of a well in which a discovery of oil or natural gas in paying quantities is made and the drilling of any additional delineation well after such discovery which is needed to delineate any reservoir and to enable the lessee to determine whether to proceed with development and production.
  • exploration  - the process of searching for minerals, including (1) geophysical surveys where magnetic, gravity, seismic, or other systems are used to detect or imply the presence of such minerals, and (2) any drilling, whether on or off known geological structures, including the drilling of a well in which a discovery of oil or natural gas in paying quantities is made and the drilling of any additional delineation well after such discovery which is needed to delineate any reservoir and to enable the lessee to determine whether to proceed with development and production. DOI
  • explosion  - sudden release of energy, caused by a nuclear, chemical, or physical process.
  • explosive compounds  - homogeneous substances whose molecules contain within themselves the oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen necessary for combustion.
  • explosive train  - succession of initiating and igniting elements arranged to cause a charge to function.
  • explosive weapon  - reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.
  • explosively formed projectile charge  - specially designed main charge configuration incorporating an explosive charge with a machined or pressed concave metal plate which by the force of the charge reshapes the plate into a high temperature, high velocity metal slug capable of penetrating armored vehicles.
  • explosives detection canine team  - a canine and a canine handler that are trained to detect explosives, radiological materials, chemical, nuclear or biological weapons, or other threats as defined by the Secretary.
  • extraordinary circumstances  – circumstances in which: (i) suspension of an investigation will be more beneficial to the domestic industry than continuation of the investigation, and (ii) the investigation is DHS
  • extraordinary operation and maintenance work  - major, nonrecurring maintenance to Reclamation-owned or operated facilities, or facility components, that is — (A) intended to ensure the continued safe, dependable, and reliable delivery of authorized project benefits; and (B) greater than 10 percent of the contractor's or the transferred works operating entity's annual operation and maintenance budget for the facility, or greater than $100,000.
  • facilitator extremism, terrorism  - group or person who knowingly provide one or more of a wide array of services to other operatives that enable the execution of terrorist plots, training, travel, or financing includes setting up bank accounts, acquiring or producing false identification or travel documentation, aiding travel, disbursing funds, procuring materials, or enabling communications via electronic means or couriers.
  • facility security level  - categorization based on the analysis of several security-related facility factors, which serves as the basis for the implementation of physical security measures specified in ISC standards.
  • fair information practice principles  - policy framework addressing issues of privacy and accuracy regarding the collection, use, maintenance, disclosure, deletion, or destruction of personally identifiable information (PII)adopted by the Department in Directive 047-01, Privacy Policy and Compliance.
  • fair information practice principles  - the eight principles set forth in Appendix A of the National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace.
  • false improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident that is incorrectly identified though reported in good faith as an improvised explosive device, subsequently categorized as a DHS
  • feasibility assessment  - a basic target analysis that provides an initial determination of the viability of a proposed target for special operations forces employment. Also called FA.
  • feasibility risk  - risk that a proposed alternative fails to result in the desired technological outcome includes; risk that business goals of the program or initiative will not be achieved; risk that the program effectiveness targeted by the project will not be achieved.
  • feasibility  - the joint operation plan review criterion for assessing whether the assigned mission can be accomplished using available resources within the time contemplated by the plan. See also acceptability; adequacy.
  • federal assets  - all relevant non-classified civilian coastal and ocean observations, technologies, and related modeling, research, data management, basic and applied technology research and development, and public education and outreach programs, that are managed by member agencies of the Council.
  • federal coordinating officer  - a Federal coordinating officer.
  • federal emergency response official  - Federal Executive Branch employee or contractor who has responsibilities as defined in the National Response Framework (NRF), National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP), or National Continuity Policy Implementation Plan (NCPIP).
  • federal resource allocation criteria policy  - federal policy that defines objective criteria to be used by federal departments and agencies when making resource allocation decisions to fusion centers.
  • federally declared disaster  - major disaster declared by the President that warrants supplemental federal aid when the state or local governments clearly cannot handle them on their own.
  • federally-owned corporation  - a corporation in which the United States owns all the outstanding capital stock. DOT/ Maritim e
  • female genital mutilation  - the removal or infibulation (or both) of the whole or part of the clitoris, the labia minora, or labia majora.
  • file plan  - classification scheme in a specific office that describes how the records are organized and maintained.
  • financial crimes enforcement network project gateway  - capability that affords law enforcement officials in each state online access to financial crime databases at FinCEN, a U.S. Department of Treasury bureau under the Treasury Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence.
  • find improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) related incident that involves the discovery and/ or recovery of an IED not yet emplaced or employed, IED components, and/ or IED paraphernalia.
  • finished intelligence  - intelligence report or product developed through detailed analytic research from the collection, processing, integration, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of available information, typically regarding long-term intelligence priorities.
  • finishing action  - tactical operational action taken in direct response to an incident.
  • firefighter  - employee, whose duties are primarily to perform work directly connected with the control and extinguishment of fires or the maintenance and use of firefighting apparatus and equipment included is an employee engaged in this activity who is transferred to a supervisory or administrative position; excluded is an employee whose primary duties are the performance of routine fire prevention inspection.
  • firing switch  - component that initiates the explosive train.
  • first responder care  - the health care capability that provides immediate clinical care and stabilization to the patient in preparation for evacuation to the next health service support capability in the continuum of care.
  • first responder  - a firefighter, law enforcement officer, paramedic, emergency medical technician, or other individual (including an employee of a legally organized and recognized volunteer organization, whether compensated or not), who, in the course of his or her professional duties, responds to fire, medical, hazardous material, or other similar emergencies
  • first responder  - a primary health care provider who provides immediate clinical care and stabilization in preparation for evacuation to the next health service support capability in the roles of care, and treats DOD
  • first responder  - designation for an individual who, in the course of their professional duties of responding to emergencies, and in the early stages of an incident, is responsible for the protection and preservation of life, property, evidence, the environment, and for meeting basic human needs may be a member of a Federal, State or local emergency public safety, emergency response, emergency medical, law enforcement, fire and rescue, military, or other recognized agency and authority, including a volunteer or private organization, as well as other skilled support personnel (such as equipment operators, administrators, security personnel, etc.) who provide immediate support services during, response and protection operations.
  • fish processing vessel  - a vessel that commercially prepares fish or fish products other than by gutting, decapitating, gilling, skinning, shucking, icing, freezing, or brine chilling. DOT/ Maritim e
  • fish tender vessel  - a vessel that commercially supplies, stores, refrigerates, or transports fish, fish products, or materials directly related to fishing or the preparation of fish to or from a fishing, fish processing, or fish tender vessel or a fish processing facility. DOT/ Maritim e
  • fish  - finfish, mollusks, crustaceans, and all other forms of marine animal and plant life, except marine mammals and birds. DOT/ Maritim e
  • fishing vessel  - a vessel that commercially engages in the catching, taking, or harvesting of fish or an activity that can reasonably be expected to result in the catching, taking, or harvesting of fish. DOT/ Maritim e
  • flame fougasse improvised explosive device enhancement  - mixture of petrol (gasoline) and oil in a 40/ 60 ratio (also known as Improvised Napalm) that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED).
  • flood hazards  - National Flood Insurance Program has prepared flood hazard data for approximately 18,000 communities. The primary information prepared for these communities is for the 1 percent annual chance (100-year) flood, and includes documentation of the boundaries and elevations of that flood. White House
  • flood  - overflowing of a large amount of water beyond its normal confines, esp. over what is normally dry land may be a general or temporary condition, partial or complete inundation DHS
  • floodplain management  - the operation of a community program of corrective and preventative measures for reducing flood damage.
  • floodplain  - lowland and relatively flat areas adjoining inland and coastal waters that is naturally subject to recurring flooding at a minimum, areas subject to a 1 percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year.
  • food and nutrition security  - access to, and availability, utilization, and stability of, sufficient food to meet caloric and nutritional needs for an active and healthy life. DOS
  • food security  - access by all people at all times to sufficient food and nutrition for a healthy and productive life.
  • foodborne illness outbreak  - the occurrence of 2 or more cases of a similar illness resulting from the ingestion of a certain food.
  • for official use only  - protective marking for unclassified information of a sensitive nature that required protection for any number of reasons.
  • force protection  - preventive measures taken to mitigate hostile actions against Department of Defense personnel (to include family members), resources, facilities, and critical information. Also called FP. See also force; force protection condition; protection.
  • force protection  - preventive measures taken to mitigate hostile actions against Department of Defense personnel DOD
  • force protection  - preventive measures taken to mitigate hostile actions against federal personnel (to include DHS
  • force protection  - preventive measures taken to mitigate hostile actions against federal personnel (to include family members), resources, facilities, and critical information.
  • forced labor  - all work or service-(A) that is exacted from any individual under menace of any penalty for nonperformance of the work or service, and for which-(i) the work or service is not offered voluntarily; or (ii) the work or service is performed as a result of coercion, debt bondage, or involuntary servitude and (B) by 1 or more individuals who, at the time of performing the work or service, were being subjected to a severe form of trafficking in persons. DOS
  • foreign agent  - any officer, employee, proxy, servant, delegate, or representative of a foreign government. DOJ
  • foreign article  - an article wholly or in part the growth or product of a foreign country.
  • foreign assistance  - any tangible or intangible item provided by the United States Government to a foreign country or international organization under this chapter or any other Act, including but not limited to any training, service, or technical advice, any item of real, personal, or mixed property, any agricultural commodity, United States dollars, and any currencies of any foreign country which are owned by the United States Government. DOS
  • foreign assistance  - any tangible or intangible item provided by the United States Government to a foreign country or international organization under this or any other Act, including but not limited to any training, service, or technical advice, any item of real, personal, or mixed property, any agricultural commodity, United States dollars, and any currencies of any foreign country which are owned by the United States Government; and provided by the United States Government - foreign assistance provided by means of gift, loan, sale, credit, or guaranty
  • foreign assistance  - assistance to foreign nations ranging from the sale of military equipment to donations of food and medical supplies to aid survivors of natural and man-made disasters; that may be provided through development assistance, humanitarian assistance, and security assistance. See also domestic emergencies; foreign disaster; foreign humanitarian assistance; security assistance.
  • foreign assistance  - assistance to foreign nations ranging from the sale of military equipment to donations of food and medical supplies to aid survivors of natural and man-made disasters; that may be provided through development assistance, humanitarian assistance, and security assistance. See also domestic emergencies; foreign disaster; foreign humanitarian assistance; security assistance. DOD
  • foreign country  - any empire, country, dominion, colony, or protectorate, or any subdivision or subdivisions thereof (other than the United States and its possessions).
  • foreign country  - any foreign instrumentality. Any territory or possession of a foreign country that is administered separately for customs purposes, shall be treated as a separate foreign country.
  • foreign disaster relief  - Prompt aid that can be used to alleviate the suffering of foreign disaster victims. Normally it includes humanitarian services and transportation; the provision of food, clothing, medicine, beds, and bedding; temporary shelter and housing; the furnishing of medical materiel and medical and technical personnel; and making repairs to essential services. Also called FDR
  • foreign disaster relief  - assistance that can be used immediately to alleviate the suffering of foreign disaster victims that normally includes services and commodities as well as the rescue and evacuation of victims; the provision and transportation of food, water, clothing, medicines, beds, bedding, and temporary shelter; the furnishing of medical equipment, medical and technical personnel; and making repairs to essential services. Also called FDR. See also foreign disaster.
  • foreign disaster  - a calamitous situation or event that occurs naturally or through human activities, which threatens or inflicts human suffering on a scale that may warrant emergency relief assistance from the United States Government or from foreign partners. See also foreign disaster relief.
  • foreign disclosure  - displaying or revealing classified national intelligence or controlled unclassified information (CUI), whether orally, in writing, or in any other medium, to any foreign entities without providing the foreign entity a copy of such information for retention.
  • foreign entity  - foreign government or component thereof, including intelligence services, international organizations or coalitions consisting of sovereign states, and others as determined by the Director of National Intelligence (DNI).
  • foreign humanitarian assistance  - Department of Defense activities conducted outside the United States and its territories to directly relieve or reduce human suffering, disease, hunger, or privation. Also called FHA. See also foreign assistance.
  • foreign humanitarian assistance  - Department of Defense activities, normally in support of the United States Agency for International Development or Department of State, conducted outside the United States, its territories, and possessions to relieve or reduce human suffering, disease, hunger, or privation. Also called FHA
  • foreign information release  - provision of classified national intelligence or controlled unclassified information (CUI), in writing or in any other medium, to any foreign entities for retention.
  • foreign instrumentality  - any agency, bureau, ministry, component, institution, association, or any legal, commercial, or business organization, corporation, firm, or entity that is substantially owned, controlled, sponsored, commanded, managed, or dominated by a foreign government. DOJ
  • foreign intelligence entity  - known or suspected foreign state or non-state organization or person that conducts intelligence activities to acquire information about the United States, blocks or impairs intelligence collection by the United States Government, influences United States policy, or disrupts systems and programs owned or operated by or within the United States includes foreign intelligence and security services, international terrorists, transnational criminal organizations, and drug trafficking organizations conducting intelligence-related activities.
  • foreign intelligence information  - information relating to the capabilities, intentions, or activities of foreign governments or elements thereof, foreign organizations, foreign persons, or international terrorists.
  • foreign intelligence service  - foreign government agency responsible for the collection, analysis, and exploitation of information and intelligence in support of law enforcement, national security, military, and/ or foreign policy objectives.
  • foreign intelligence  - Information relating to capabilities, intentions, and activities of foreign governments or elements thereof, foreign organizations, or foreign persons, or international terrorist activities. Also called FI. See also intelligence.
  • foreign intelligence  - information relating to the capabilities, intentions, or activities of foreign governments or elements thereof, foreign organizations, foreign persons, or international terrorists. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • foreign intelligence  - information relating to the capabilities, intentions, or activities of foreign governments or elements thereof, foreign organizations, or foreign persons, or international terrorist activities. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • foreign internal defense  - participation by civilian and military agencies of a government in any of the action programs taken by another government or other designated organization to free and protect its society from subversion, lawlessness, insurgency, terrorism, and other threats to its security. Also called FID.
  • foreign military sales  - A government-to-government program managed by State's Bureau of Political-Military Affairs (PM) through which the U.S. Government sells conventional military weapons, equipment, and services to allied and friendly nations to assist them in meeting their legitimate defense requirements. Although the Department of Defense, through the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), is responsible for implementing individual FMS cases, the Department of State must first review and approve them. DSCA forwards all FMS cases to PM, which is responsible for ensuring that they are properly reviewed within the Department for consistency with U.S. foreign policy and national security objectives. Also called FMS
  • foreign military sales  - that portion of United States security assistance authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and the Arms Export Control Act of 1976, as amended. This assistance differs from the Military Assistance Program and the International Military Education and Training Program in that the recipient provides reimbursement for defense articles and services transferred. Also called FMS.
  • foreign nation support  - civil and/ or military assistance rendered to a nation when operating outside its national boundaries during military operations based on agreements mutually concluded between nations or on behalf of intergovernmental organizations. Also called FNS. See also host-nation support.
  • foreign national client  - a person who is not a United States citizen or national or an alien lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence and who utilizes the services of an international marriage broker. Such term includes an alien residing in the United States who is in the United States as a result of utilizing the services of an international marriage broker and any alien recruited by an international marriage broker or representative of such broker.
  • foreign national in the United States  - person who is neither a U.S. citizen nor a lawful permanent resident in the United States, or a “protected individual”.
  • foreign power  - entity that is: (i) a foreign government or any component thereof, whether or not recognized by the United States; (ii) a faction of a foreign nation or nations, not substantially composed of United States persons; (iii) an entity that is openly acknowledged by a foreign government or governments to be directed and controlled by such foreign government or governments; (iv) a group engaged in international terrorism or activities in preparation thereof; (v) a foreign-based political organization, not substantially composed of United States persons; (vi) an entity that is directed and controlled by a foreign government or governments; or (vii) an entity not substantially composed of United States persons that is engaged in the international proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
  • foreign private sector entity  - foreign individuals, sole proprietorships, partnerships, associations, and corporations, private voluntary organizations and non-public educational institutions, as well as all other DHS
  • foreign state  - outlying possessions of a foreign state, but self-governing dominions or territories under mandate or trusteeship shall be regarded as separate foreign states.
  • foreign terrorist organization  - an organization designated as a foreign terrorist organization by the Secretary of State in accordance with the Immigration and Nationality Act
  • foreign terrorist organization  - an organization designated as a foreign terrorist organization by the Secretary of State. DOS
  • foreign travel  - travel outside the United States DHS
  • foreign vessel  - any foreign flag or foreign operated vessel that is operated under the jurisdiction or authority of a government other than the United States. DOT/ Maritim e
  • foreign vessel  - any foreign flag or foreign operated vessel that is operated under the jurisdiction or authority of a government other than the United States. DOT/ Maritime
  • formation  - any vein, seam, stratum, bed, or other naturally occurring deposit.
  • formation  - any vein, seam, stratum, bed, or other naturally occurring deposit. DOI
  • former beneficiary country  - a country that ceases to be designated as a beneficiary country under this chapter because the country has become a party to a free trade agreement with the United States.
  • found/ cleared improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) that has been identified by any method and removed from the battlefield before it can be used as intended.
  • fragmentation improvised explosive device enhancement  - shrapnel and small objects designed to be accelerated by explosive forces that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED ) DHS
  • freeboard  - the distance from the mark of the load line assigned under this chapter to the freeboard deck. DOT/ Maritim e
  • freight rail  - rail services which concentrate on hauling bulk commodities and large-quantity shipments over long distances.
  • frequentist probability  - interpretation or estimate of probability as the long-run frequency of the occurrence of an event as estimated by historical observation or experimental trials.
  • friendly force information  - operational information on military, federal, state, local, and/ or allied assets operating within the maritime domain.
  • frontline employee  - an employee of a public transportation agency who is a transit vehicle driver or operator, dispatcher, maintenance and maintenance support employee, station attendant, customer service employee, security employee, or transit police, or any other employee who has direct contact with riders on a regular basis, and any other employee of a public transportation agency that the Secretary determines should receive security training.
  • fuel improvised explosive device enhancement  - incendiary material designed to enhance the burning and visual effect of the device that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED).
  • fuel oxidizer explosive mixture  - explosive mixture of fuel and oxidizer that deflagrates (very rapid burning) or detonates creating a blast wave.
  • full cost  - an annual rate as determined by the Secretary that shall amortize the expenditures for construction properly allocable to irrigation facilities in service, including all operation and maintenance deficits funded, less payments, over such periods as may be required under Federal reclamation law or applicable contract provisions, with interest on both accruing from October 12, 1982, on costs outstanding at that date, or from the date incurred in the case of costs arising subsequent to October 12, 1982: Provided, That operation, maintenance, and replacement charges required under Federal reclamation law, including this subchapter, shall be collected in addition to the full cost charge.
  • full operating capability  - time at which investment becomes fully operational, with all functions deployed to the designated user(s), as defined by the Program Manager.
  • function  - One of the five major activities in the Incident Command System - Command, Operations, Planning, Logistics, and Finance/ Administration. The term function is also used when describing the activity involved (e.g., the planning function). A sixth function, Intelligence/ Investigations, may be established, if required, to meet incident management needs./ FEMA
  • fuse and analyze  - ability to establish key characteristics of, to externally collect data, and internally analyze data, information, and intelligence about, hazards, threats, people, cargo, conveyances, and infrastructure within a domain to obtain situational awareness and inform operators and decision-makers about all pertinent aspects of an event or situation.
  • fusion center performance program  - program to measure the capability and performance of the National Network of Fusion Centers over time through the collection of standardized data provides an objective basis to demonstrate the value of fusion centers in supporting national information sharing and homeland security outcomes, and encourages continued coordination among interagency partners to effectively and efficiently support fusion centers.
  • fusion center  - a collaborative effort of 2 or more Federal, State, local, or tribal government agencies that combines resources, expertise, or information with the goal of maximizing the ability of such agencies to detect, prevent, investigate, apprehend, and respond to criminal or terrorist activity.
  • fusion center  - physical or logical facility, encompassing all necessary infrastructure required to facilitate nationwide information-sharing between one or more federal, state, and/ or local law enforcement entities, dedicated to the integration of multiple diverse data sources within a defined functional domain collaborative effort of two or more agencies or program offices who provide resources, expertise, and/ or information to the center with the goal of maximizing the ability to detect, prevent, apprehend, and DHS
  • fusion liaison officer  - person who serves as the conduit for the flow of homeland security and crime-related information between the field and the fusion center for assessment and analysis.
  • fusion process  - overarching process of managing the flow of information and intelligence across levels and sectors of government and private industry, which supports the implementation of risk-based, information- driven prevention, response, and consequence management programs.
  • general framework of regional development  - regional subsidy programs are part of an internally consistent and generally applicable regional development policy, and regional development subsidies are not granted in isolated geographical points having no, or virtually no, influence on the development of a region.
  • genocide  - any of the following acts committed, whether in time of peace or time of war, with the specific intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group, as such- (1) Killing members of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group; (2) Causing serious bodily injury to members of a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group; (3) Causing the permanent impairment of the mental faculties of members of a national, ethic, racial or religious group through drugs, torture, or similar techniques; (4) Subjecting a national, ethnic, racial or religious group to conditions of life that are intended to cause the physical destruction of the group in whole or in part; (5) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within a national, ethnic, racial or religious group; or (6) Transferring by force children of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group to another group
  • geochemical surveys  - surveys on the ground for mineral deposits by the proper application of the principles and DOI
  • geochemical surveys  - surveys on the ground for mineral deposits by the proper application of the principles and techniques of the science of chemistry as they relate to the search for and discovery of mineral deposits.
  • geological surveys  - surveys on the ground for mineral deposits by the proper application of the principles and techniques of the science of geology as they relate to the search for and discovery of mineral deposits.
  • geomagnetic storm  - a temporary disturbance of the Earth's magnetic field resulting from solar activity.
  • geophysical surveys  - surveys on the ground for mineral deposits through the employment of generally recognized equipment and methods for measuring physical differences between rock types or discontinuities in geological formations.
  • geospatial information  - graphical or digital data depicting natural or manmade physical features, phenomena, or boundaries of the earth and any information related thereto includes surveys, maps, charts, remote sensing data, and images.
  • geospatial information  - graphical or digital data depicting natural or manmade physical features, phenomena, or boundaries of the earth and any information related thereto, including surveys, maps, charts, remote sensing data, and images.
  • geospatial metadata  - information that documents geographic digital data such as GIS files, geospatial databases, and earth imagery but can also be used to document geospatial resources including data catalogs, mapping applications, data models and related websites includes core library catalog elements such as title, abstract, and publication data; geographic elements such as geographic extent and projection information; and database elements such as attribute label definitions and attribute domain values.
  • geospatial technology  - any technology utilized by analysts, specialists, surveyors, photogrammetrists, hydrographers, geodesists, cartographers, architects, or engineers for the collection, storage, retrieval, or dissemination of geospatial information, including-(i) global satellite surveillance systems; (ii) global position systems;
(iii) geographic information systems; (iv) mapping equipment; (v) geocoding technology; and (vi) remote sensing devices.
  • geospatial technology  - technology utilized for the collection, storage, retrieval, exploitation, manipulation, or dissemination of geospatial information includes global satellite surveillance systems, global position systems, Geographic Information System (GIS); mapping equipment, geocoding technology, and remote sensing devices.
  • global air Domain community of Interest  - community of stakeholders with roles and responsibilities in the air domain includes the Federal, State, local, territorial, tribal, and regional departments and agencies.
  • global fund  - the public-private partnership known as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria established pursuant to Article 80 of the Swiss Civil Code. DOS
  • global health security  - Prevention of, protection from, mitigation of, response to, and recovery from serious incidents that are cross-border in nature and that pose a risk to security, destabilize economies, disrupt social DHHS
  • global health security  - Prevention of, protection from, mitigation of, response to, and recovery from serious incidents that are cross-border in nature and that pose a risk to security, destabilize economies, disrupt social cohesion, and affect the critical business of government. DHHS
  • global maritime community of interest  - community of stakeholders with roles and responsibilities in the maritime domain includes the Federal, State, local, territorial, tribal, and regional departments and agencies.
  • global maritime situational awareness  - comprehensive fusion of data from every agency and by every nation to improve knowledge of the maritime domain.
  • global terrorism  - terrorism activities conducted in, or encompassing international communities A.) involves violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or any State; B.) appears to be intended-a. to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, b. to influence the policy or a government by intimidation or coercions; or c. to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and C.) occurs primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum.
  • governance  - The state’s ability to serve the citizens through the rules, processes, and behavior by which interests are articulated, resources are managed, and power is exercised in a society, including the representative participatory decision-making processes typically guaranteed under inclusive, constitutional authority.
  • governing factors  - In the context of joint operation planning, those aspects of the situation (or externally imposed factors) that the commander deems critical to the accomplishment of the mission.
  • government dam  - a dam or other work constructed or owned by the United States for Government purposes with or without contribution from others.
  • government special access program security officer  - person that is a U.S. Government employee that provides day to day security administration and management for a special access program appointed in writing at a government special access program facility or organization by the government program manager.
  • grantees and lessees  - all political subdivisions, municipalities, public and private corporations, and other persons holding grants or leases from a State, or from its predecessor sovereign if legally validated, to lands beneath navigable waters if such grants or leases were issued in accordance with the constitution, statutes, and decisions of the courts of the State in which such lands are situated, or of its predecessor sovereign: Provided, however, That nothing herein shall be construed as conferring upon said grantees or lessees any greater rights or interests other than are described herein and in their respective grants from the DOI
  • grantees and lessees  - all political subdivisions, municipalities, public and private corporations, and other persons holding grants or leases from a State, or from its predecessor sovereign if legally validated, to lands beneath navigable waters if such grants or leases were issued in accordance with the constitution, statutes, and decisions of the courts of the State in which such lands are situated, or of its predecessor sovereign: Provided, however, That nothing herein shall be construed as conferring upon said grantees or lessees any greater rights or interests other than are described herein and in their respective grants from the State, or its predecessor sovereign.
  • grazing permit and lease  - any document authorizing use of public lands or lands in national forests in the sixteen contiguous Western States for the purpose of grazing domestic livestock.
  • great ape  - a chimpanzee, gorilla, bonobo, orangutan, or gibbon.
  • grid security emergency  - the occurrence or imminent danger of — (A)(i) a malicious act using electronic communication or an electromagnetic pulse, or a geomagnetic storm event, that could disrupt the operation of those electronic devices or communications networks, including hardware, software, and data, that are essential to the reliability of critical electric infrastructure or of defense critical electric infrastructure; and (ii) disruption of the operation of such devices or networks, with significant adverse effects on the reliability of critical electric infrastructure or of defense critical electric infrastructure, as a result of such act or event; or (B)(i) a direct physical attack on critical electric infrastructure or on defense critical electric infrastructure; and (ii) significant adverse effects on the reliability of critical electric infrastructure or of defense critical electric infrastructure as a result of such physical attack.
  • gross violations of internationally recognized human rights  - torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, prolonged detention without charges and trial, causing the disappearance of persons by the abduction and clandestine detention of those persons, and other flagrant denial of the right to life, liberty, or DOS/ USAID
  • gross violations of internationally recognized human rights  - torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, prolonged detention without charges and trial, causing the disappearance of persons by the abduction and clandestine detention of those persons, and other flagrant denial of the right to life, liberty, or the security of person. DOS
  • group  - Established to divide the incident management structure into functional areas of operation. Groups are composed of resources assembled to perform a special function not necessarily within a single geographic division. Groups, when activated, are located between Branches and resources in the Operations Section. See Division./ FEMA
  • habitat enhancement  - the manipulation of the physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of a habitat to change a specific function or serial stage of the habitat.
  • habitat establishment  - the manipulation of physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of a project site to create and maintain habitat that did not previously exist on the project site, including construction of — (A) shallow water impoundments on non-hydric soils; and (B) side channel spawning and rearing habitat.
  • habitat improvement  - restoring, enhancing, or establishing physiographic, hydrological, or disturbance conditions necessary to establish or maintain native plant and animal communities, including periodic manipulations to maintain intended habitat conditions on completed project sites.
  • habitat restoration  - i) an activity conducted to return a project site, to the maximum extent practicable, to the ecological condition that existed prior to the loss or degradation, including — (I) removing tile drains or plugging drainage ditches in former or degraded wetland; (II) returning meanders and sustainable profiles to straightened streams; (III) burning grass communities heavily invaded by exotic species to reestablish native grass and plant communities; and (IV) planting plant communities that are native to the project site; (ii) if restoration of a project site to its original ecological condition is not practicable, an activity that repairs 1 or more of the original habitat functions and that involve the use of native vegetation, including — (I) the installation of a water control structure in a swale on land isolated from overbank flooding by a major levee to simulate natural hydrological processes; and (II) the placement of streambank or instream habitat diversity structures in streams that cannot be restored to original conditions or profile; and (iii) removal of a disturbing or degrading element to enable the native habitat to reestablish or become fully functional.
  • habitat restoration  - i) an activity conducted to return a project site, to the maximum extent practicable, to the ecological condition that existed prior to the loss or degradation, including—
(I) removing tile drains or plugging drainage ditches in former or degraded wetland; (II) returning meanders and sustainable profiles to straightened streams;
(III) burning grass communities heavily invaded by exotic species to reestablish native grass and plant communities; and
(IV) planting plant communities that are native to the project site; (ii) if restoration of a project site to its original ecological condition is not practicable, an activity that repairs 1 or more of the original habitat functions and that involve the use of native vegetation, including — (I) the installation of a water control structure in a swale on land isolated from overbank flooding by a major levee to simulate natural hydrological processes; and (II) the placement of streambank or instream habitat diversity structures in streams that cannot be restored to original conditions or profile; and (iii) removal of a disturbing or degrading element to enable the native habitat to reestablish or become fully DOI
  • habitat restoration  - i) an activity conducted to return a project site, to the maximum extent practicable, to the ecological condition that existed prior to the loss or degradation, including—
(I) removing tile drains or plugging drainage ditches in former or degraded wetland; (II) returning meanders and sustainable profiles to straightened streams;
(III) burning grass communities heavily invaded by exotic species to reestablish native grass and plant communities; and
(IV) planting plant communities that are native to the project site; (ii) if restoration of a project site to its original ecological condition is not practicable, an activity that repairs 1 or more of the original habitat functions and that involve the use of native vegetation, including — (I) the installation of a water control structure in a swale on land isolated from overbank flooding by a major levee to simulate natural hydrological processes; and (II) the placement of streambank or instream habitat diversity structures in streams that cannot be restored to original conditions or profile; and (iii) removal of a disturbing or degrading element to enable the native habitat to reestablish or become fully functional.
  • habitat restoration  - the manipulation of the physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of a site with the goal of returning the majority of natural functions to the lost or degraded native habitat.
  • habitat restoration  - the manipulation of the physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of a site with the goal of returning the majority of natural functions to the lost or degraded native habitat. DOI
  • hard mineral resource  - any deposit or accretion on, or just below, the surface of the deep seabed of nodules which include one or more minerals, at least one of which contains manganese, nickel, cobalt, or copper.
  • hazard reduction  - the reduction in the potential consequences to life and property of dam failure.
  • hazard  - A condition with the potential to cause injury, illness, or death of personnel; damage to or loss of equipment or property; or mission degradation. See also injury; risk.
  • hazard  - Something that is potentially dangerous or harmful, often the root cause of an unwanted outcome./ FEMA
  • hazard  - an emergency or disaster resulting from- (A) a natural disaster; or(B) an accidental or man-caused event
  • hazard  - source or cause of harm or difficulty may be natural, technological, or human-caused.
  • hazardous cargo  - commodity considered as hazardous material that is loaded as cargo for transport includes not only bulk-type categories such as explosives, pyrotechnics, petroleum oils and lubricants, compressed gases, corrosives, and batteries, but lesser materials like super-tropical bleach (oxidizer), pesticides, poisons, medicines, specialized medical chemicals and medical waste.
  • hazardous chemical or material  - chemical or material which can cause a physical or a health hazard include: 1. Any chemical or material defined as hazardous by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA); 2. Any item or chemical that is reportable or potentially reportable as inventoried under the requirements of the hazardous chemical reporting by the U.S. EPA; and 3. Any item or chemical that, when being transported or moved on public roads, is a risk to public health or safety or an environmental hazard and is regulated by, but not limited to, the following requirements: (1) U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Hazardous Materials Transportation Act; (2) International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code of the International Maritime Organization; (3) Dangerous Goods Regulations of the International Air Transport Association; or (4) Technical Instructions of the International Civil Aviation Organization.
  • hazardous materials  - a broad range of materials that are not only flammable or combustible but are also designated under related maritime safety and environmental laws. DOT/ Maritim e
  • hazardous substance  - material that, because of its quantity, concentration, or physical or chemical characteristics, poses a significant present or potential hazard to human health and safety, or to the environment excludes petroleum and natural gas.
  • hazardous waste generator  - person, site, or facility, whose act or process produces hazardous waste or whose act first subjects hazardous waste to regulation.
  • hazardous waste  - material, substance, or byproduct eliminated or discarded as no longer useful or required that pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment due to one or more DHS
  • health care provider  - any military or civilian health care professional who, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, is granted clinical practice privileges to provide health care services in a military medical or dental treatment facility or who is licensed or certified to perform health care services by a governmental board or agency or professional health care society or organization./ USCG
  • health care provider  - organization or person delivering authorized health care to individuals or groups in need of health care services.
  • health engagement  - a health stability operation conducted by the Department of Defense outside the United States in coordination with a foreign government or international organization to establish, reconstitute, or maintain the health sector of a foreign country.
  • heat initiator  - initiator that serves as an igniting element through the application of heat may include direct heat to a sensitive explosive.
  • high explosive  - chemical compound or mixture that is capable of supporting or sustaining a detonation wave.
  • high interest conveyance  - vessel intending to enter a U.S. port that may pose a high relative security risk to the port or other U.S. interests.
  • high potential historic sites  - those historic sites related to the route, or sites in close proximity thereto, which provide opportunity to interpret the historic significance of the trail during the period of its major use. Criteria for consideration as high potential sites include historic significance, presence of visible historic remnants, scenic quality, and relative freedom from intrusion.
  • high potential route segments  - those segments of a trail which would afford high quality recreation experience in a portion of the route having greater than average scenic values or affording an opportunity to vicariously share the experience of the original users of a historic route.
  • high risk country  - country deemed by the Department of State on its Security Environmental Threat List as posing a technical threat to the United States that is medium, high, or critical.
  • high risk position  - position that has the potential for exceptionally serious impact on the integrity and efficiency of the federal service.
  • high-consequence target  - a property, natural resource, location, area, or other target designated by the Secretary that is a viable terrorist target of national significance, which may include a facility or specific critical infrastructure, the attack of which by railroad could result in- (A) catastrophic loss of life;
(B) significant damage to national security or defense capabilities; or (C) national economic harm.
  • high-level radioactive waste  - the aqueous waste resulting from the operation of the first cycle solvent extraction system, or equivalent and the concentrated waste from subsequent extraction cycles, or equivalent, in a facility for reprocessing irradiated reactor fuels, or irradiated fuel from nuclear power reactors.
  • hoax improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident involving a device fabricated to look like an improvised explosive device, and is intended to purposely simulate one in order to elicit a response.
  • holder  - any State or local governmental entity, individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other business entity receiving or using a right-of-way.
  • homegrown violent extremist  - person of any citizenship who has lived and/ or operated primarily in the United States or its territories who advocates, is engaged in, or is preparing to engage in ideologically- motivated terrorist activities (including providing support to terrorism) in furtherance of political or social objectives promoted by a foreign terrorist organization, but is acting independently of direction by a foreign terrorist organization.
  • homeland United States  - physical region that includes the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, United States territories and possessions, and surrounding territorial waters and airspace .
  • homeland defense activity  - an activity undertaken for the military protection of the territory or domestic population of the United States, or of infrastructure or other assets of the United States determined by the Secretary of Defense as being critical to national security, from a threat or aggression against the United States. DOD/ NGB
  • homeland defense  - The protection of United States sovereignty, territory, domestic population, and critical infrastructure against external threats and aggression or other threats as directed by the President. Also called HD.
  • homeland defense  - protection of United States sovereignty, territory, domestic population, and critical defense infrastructure against external threats and aggression or other threats as directed by the President of the United States the Department of Defense is the lead Federal agency for homeland defense, including maritime interception, air patrols over U.S. airspace, land-based defense of critical infrastructure and key assets, and use of military forces to protect from attack when directed by the President or Secretary of DHS
  • homeland security enterprise architecture  - Department-wide strategic management framework that provides an approach and information to support effective decision making for strategic planning, budgeting, and execution aligns programs and projects to improve business performance and help DHS Components better execute their core missions and interact with federal, state, local and tribal partners for improved information sharing.
  • homeland security enterprise  - collective efforts and shared responsibilities to maintain critical homeland security capabilities includes: federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial governments; non-governmental, private-sector, and international partners; and individuals, families, and communities.
  • homeland security grant  - any grant made or administered by the Department, including- (A) the State Homeland Security Grant Program;
(B) the Urban Area Security Initiative Grant Program; (C) the Law Enforcement Terrorism Prevention Program; (D) the Citizen Corps; and
(E) the Metropolitan Medical Response System.
  • homeland security information  - any information possessed by a Federal, State, or local agency that-
(A ) relates to the threat of terrorist activity;
(B) relates to the ability to prevent, interdict, or disrupt terrorist activity;
(C) would improve the identification or investigation of a suspected terrorist or terrorist DHS
  • homeland security information  - information possessed by a federal, state, or local agency that (1) relates to the threat of terrorist activity; (2) relates to the ability to prevent, interdict, or disrupt terrorist activity; (3) would improve the identification or investigation of a suspected terrorist or terrorist organization; or (4) would improve the response to a terrorist act.
  • homeland security intelligence priorities framework  - underlying structure within the Department for the establishment of homeland security intelligence priorities.
  • homeland security intelligence  - information, regardless of source or origin, which enables identification, understanding, mitigation, or response to threats approaching or within the homeland.
  • homeland security missions  - the following missions of the Coast Guard: (A) Ports, waterways and coastal security.
(B) Drug interdiction.
(C) Migrant interdiction. (D) Defense readiness.
(E) Other law enforcement.
  • homeland security-relevant information  - information possessed by a federal, state, tribal, territorial, or local agency, or the private sector, that relates to any authorized departmental mission, including the authorized missions of the Components may also be, but is not limited to, one or more of the following types of information: homeland security information, terrorism information, or weapons of mass destruction information.
  • homeland security  - A concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States; reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism, major disasters, and other emergencies; and minimize the damage and recover from attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies that occur. Also called HS.
  • homeland security  - concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism, and minimize the damage and recover from attacks that do occur includes actions to prepare for, protect against, prevent, respond to, and recover from all threats or acts of terrorism.
  • homeland security  – (A) to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States;
(B) to reduce the vulnerability of the United States to terrorism;
(C) to minimize damage from a terrorist attack in the United States; and (D) to recover from a terrorist attack in the United States. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • homemade chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear improvised explosive device enhancement  - combination of commercially available ingredients combined to create a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) substance that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED).
  • homemade explosive  - non-standard explosive mixtures / compounds which have been formulated / synthesized from available ingredients most often utilized in the absence of commercial / military explosives.
  • hospital facilities  - buildings housing a hospital and related facilities, including laboratories, outpatient departments, nurses' home and training facilities and central service facilities operated in connection with a hospital, and also includes buildings housing education or training facilities for health professions personnel operated as an integral part of a hospital
  • hospital  - a public or nonprofit institution which is-(A) a general hospital, tuberculosis hospital, or any other type of hospital, other than a hospital furnishing primarily domiciliary care; and(B) duly authorized to provide hospital services under the laws of the. State in which it is situated
  • hospital  - any public health center or general, tuberculosis, mental, chronic disease, or other type of hospital and related facilities, such as laboratories, outpatient departments, nurses' home and training facilities, and central service facilities normally operated in connection with hospitals, but does not include any hospital furnishing primarily domiciliary care
  • host-nation support  - Civil and/ or military assistance rendered by a nation to foreign forces within its territory during peacetime, crises or emergencies, or war based on agreements mutually concluded between nations. Also called HNS. See also host nation.
  • hostage rescue  - A personnel recovery method used to recover isolated personnel who are specifically designated as hostages. Also called HR.
  • hostage-Taking  - The unlawful abduction or holding of a person or persons against their will for financial or political gain
  • hostage-taking  - the unlawful abduction or holding of a person or persons against their will in order to compel a third person or governmental organization to do or abstain from doing any act as a condition for the release White House
  • hostile act  - An attack or other use of force against the United States, United States forces, or other designated persons or property to preclude or impede the mission and/ or duties of United States forces, including the recovery of United States personnel or vital United States Government property.
  • hostile intent  - The threat of imminent use of force against the United States, United States forces, or other designated persons or property.
  • human consequence  - effect of an incident, event, or occurrence that results in injury, illness, or loss of life.
  • human environment  - the physical, social, and economic components, conditions, and factors which interactively determine the state, condition, and quality of living conditions, employment, and health of those affected, directly or indirectly, by activities occurring on the outer Continental Shelf.
  • human intelligence  - A category of intelligence derived from information collected and provided by human sources. Also called HUMINT.
  • human tip  - Information provided in an advance and/ or confidential manner regarding an IED, IED related materials, or associated personnel information can be received from, but not limited to, the local populace or government, intelligence agency, or an inside source.
  • humanitarian and civic assistance  - Assistance to the local populace and funded under separate authorities, provided by predominantly United States forces in conjunction with military operations. Also called HCA. See also foreign humanitarian assistance.
  • humanitarian and civic assistance  - Assistance to the local populace provided by predominantly U.S. forces in conjunction with military operations and exercises. This assistance is specifically authorized by Title 10, United States Code, Section 401, and funded under separate authorities. Also called HCA. (DOD ) DOS/ USAID
  • humanitarian and civic assistance  - any of the following:(1) Medical, surgical, dental, and veterinary care provided in areas of a country that are rural or are underserved by medical, surgical, dental, and veterinary professionals, respectively, including education, training, and technical assistance related to the care provided. (2) Construction of rudimentary surface transportation systems.(3) Well drilling and construction of basic sanitation facilities.(4) Rudimentary construction and repair of public facilities.
  • humanitarian assistance coordination center  - A temporary center established by a geographic combatant commander to assist with interagency coordination and planning during the early planning and coordination stages of foreign humanitarian assistance operations. Also called HACC. See also foreign humanitarian assistance; interagency coordination.
  • humanitarian assistance  - assistance rendered to a country or population in an emergency or crisis context. This could include natural or manmade disaster response or complex humanitarian emergency. (USAID) (DoD): Programs conducted to relieve or reduce the results of natural or manmade disasters or other endemic conditions such as human pain, disease, hunger, or privation that might present a serious threat to life or that can result in great damage to or loss of property. Humanitarian assistance provided by U.S. forces is limited in scope and duration. The assistance provided is designed to supplement or complement the efforts of the host nation civil authorities or organizations that may have the primary responsibility for providing humanitarian assistance
  • humanitarian assistance  - assistance to meet humanitarian needs, including needs for food, medicine, medical supplies and equipment, education, and clothing. DOS
  • humanitarian assistance  - assistance to meet humanitarian needs, including needs for food, medicine, medical supplies and equipment, education, and clothing. DOS/ USAID
  • humanitarian assistance  - assistance to meet humanitarian needs, including needs for food, medicine, medical supplies, clothing, and shelter. DOS
  • humanitarian assistance  - funds authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Defense for a fiscal year for humanitarian assistance shall be used for the purpose of providing transportation of humanitarian relief and for other humanitarian purposes worldwide.
  • humanitarian demining assistance  - The activities related to the furnishing of education, training, and technical assistance with respect to the detection and clearance of land mines and other explosive remnants of war.
  • humanitarian demining assistance  - detection and clearance of landmines and other explosive remnants of war, and includes activities related to the furnishing of education, training, and technical assistance with respect to explosive.
  • humanitarian mine action  - Activities that strive to reduce the social, economic, and environmental impact of land mines, unexploded ordnance and small arms ammunition - also characterized as explosive remnants of war.
  • humanitarian mine action  — Activities that strive to reduce the social, economic, and environmental impact of land mines, unexploded ordnance, and small arms ammunition. Also called HMA.
  • humanitarian operations center  - An international and interagency body that coordinates the overall relief strategy and unity of effort among all participants in a large foreign humanitarian assistance operation. Also called HOC. See also operation.
  • humanitarian or peacekeeping operation  - a military operation in support of the provision of humanitarian or foreign disaster assistance or in support of a peacekeeping operation under Chapter VI or VII of the Charter of the United Nations. The term does not include routine training, force rotation, or stationing. GSA/ DOD
  • humanitarian or peacekeeping operation  - a military operation in support of the provision of humanitarian or foreign disaster assistance or in support of a peacekeeping operation under chapter VI or VII of the Charter of the United Nations. The term does not include routine training, force rotation, or stationing.
  • hunger strike  - deviation from normal eating and drinking patterns, in order to gain attention to a perceived need, opinion, or policy or to achieve a specific goal, such as improved prison conditions or release
  • hydrostatic switch  - switch designed to complete a circuit or force a mechanical action with the change of fluid pressure.
  • identity intelligence  - The intelligence resulting from the processing of identity attributes concerning individuals, groups, networks, or populations of interest. Also called I2.
  • ignitor  - device designed to produce a flame or a spark to initiate an explosive train.
  • immediate response authority  - A Federal military commander’s, Department of Defense component head’s, and/ or responsible Department of Defense civilian official’s authority temporarily to employ resources under their control, subject to any supplemental direction provided by higher headquarters, and provide those resources to save lives, prevent human suffering, or mitigate great property damage in response to a request for assistance from a civil authority, under imminently serious conditions when time does not permit approval from a higher authority within the United States. Immediate response authority does not permit actions that would subject civilians to the use of military power that is regulatory, prescriptive, proscriptive, or compulsory.
  • immediate response  - Any form of immediate action taken in the United States and territories to save lives, prevent human suffering, or mitigate great property damage in response to a request for assistance from a civil authority, under imminently serious conditions when time does not permit approval from a higher authority.
  • immigrant visa  - an immigrant visa required by this chapter and properly issued by a consular officer at his office outside of the United States to an eligible immigrant under the provisions of this chapter.
  • immigrant  - every alien except an alien who is within one of the following classes of nonimmigrant aliens- DHS
  • immigration benefit application  - any application or petition to confer, certify, change, adjust, or extend any status granted under the Immigration and Nationality Act.
  • immigration judge  - an attorney whom the Attorney General appoints as an administrative judge within the Executive Office for Immigration Review, qualified to conduct specified classes of proceedings, including a hearing. An immigration judge shall be subject to such supervision and shall perform such duties as the Attorney General shall prescribe, but shall not be employed by the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
  • immigration laws  - all laws, conventions, and treaties of the United States relating to the immigration, exclusion, deportation, expulsion, or removal of aliens.
  • immigration officer  - any employee or class of employees of the Service or of the United States designated by the Attorney General, individually or by regulation, to perform the functions of an immigration officer.
  • imminent danger to the health and safety of the public  - the existence of any condition or practice, or any violation of a permit or other requirement of this chapter in a surface coal mining and reclamation operation, which condition, practice, or violation could reasonably be expected to cause substantial physical harm to persons outside the permit area before such condition, practice, or violation can be DOI
  • imminent danger to the health and safety of the public  - the existence of any condition or practice, or any violation of a permit or other requirement of this chapter in a surface coal mining and reclamation operation, which condition, practice, or violation could reasonably be expected to cause substantial physical harm to persons outside the permit area before such condition, practice, or violation can be abated. A reasonable expectation of death or serious injury before abatement exists if a rational person, subjected to the same conditions or practices giving rise to the peril, would not expose himself or herself to the danger during the time necessary for abatement.
  • imminent danger  - the existence of any condition or practice in a coal or other mine which could reasonably be expected to cause death or serious physical harm before such condition or practice can be abated.
  • imminent hazard  - a situation which exists when the continued use of a pesticide during the time required for cancellation proceeding would be likely to result in unreasonable adverse effects on the environment or will involve unreasonable hazard to the survival of a species declared endangered or threatened by the Secretary pursuant to the Endangered Species Act of 1973.
  • imminent hazard  - the existence of a condition relating to hazardous material that presents a substantial likelihood that death, serious illness, severe personal injury, or a substantial endangerment to health, property, or the environment may occur before the reasonably foreseeable completion date of a formal proceeding begun to lessen the risk of that death, illness, injury, or endangerment. DOT
  • improvised claymore  - improvised weapon, military or homemade, designed to explosively propel a fan shaped pattern of ball bearings or other fragmentation in an aimed direction.
  • improvised explosive device associated components  - components that are: 1) part of an improvised explosive device or improvised weapon system; 2) the tools required to produce the components; or 3) precursors to the manufacture of improvised explosive device components to include explosives.
  • improvised explosive device container  - item or vessel that commonly houses the whole improvised explosive device (IED) or principle components of an improvised explosive device.
  • improvised explosive device enhancement  - optional additional component deliberately added as opposed to a secondary hazard that modifies the effects of the improvised explosive device.
  • improvised explosive device explosion incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident that results in a partial or complete functioning of an improvised explosive device occurs when gaseous products are rapidly produced from a single substance (high explosives or low explosives with a fuel and oxidant).
  • improvised explosive device incident atmospherics  - description of the demeanor of the civilian population at an IED event to include mood, absence or presence, changes in previously experienced interactions, etc.
  • improvised explosive device incident geometry  - description of how the improvised explosive device (IED ) system was emplaced, including the angle of the device, the distance to target, line of sight (if necessary), etc.
  • improvised explosive device intended outcome  - immediate and direct goal or objective of an enemy’s improvised explosive device (IED) attack objectives include anti-armor, anti-vehicle, anti-infrastructure, anti-personnel, anti-aircraft, tactics - techniques - procedures (TTP) identification, and criminal.
  • improvised explosive device main charge  - bulk explosive component of an improvised explosive device (IED ) capable of providing an explosion by its own energy when initiated.
  • improvised explosive device post blast analysis  - process of systemic photographing and collecting forensic material involved in an improvised explosive device (IED) incident.
  • improvised explosive device power source  - source of power – that either stores or releases electrical energy – for the initiation of an improvised explosive device (IED) or improvised weapon.
  • improvised explosive device related incident  - occurrence that involves one or more of the following types of improvised explosive device-related actions/ activities: Improvised Explosive Device, Explosion, Find, Cache, False, Hoax.
  • improvised explosive device sourcing  - process of determining the origination point (such as a production facility or person, a geographic location, or a specific country of origin) for IED components.
  • improvised explosive device tactical characterization  - description of how an improvised explosive device DHS
  • improvised explosive device tactical design  - specific design of an improvised explosive device (IED) attack includes but not limited to: position of the IED, the type of IED, method of actuation, intended target, type of road segment used, concealment technique, use of secondary devices, the time of day, etc.
  • improvised explosive device technical categorization  - description of an improvised explosive device (IED ) using a hierarchical construct to identify its key components.
  • improvised explosive device  - device placed or fabricated in an unconventional manner that incorporates in its design explosives or destructive, lethal, noxious, pyrotechnic, or incendiary chemicals generally consists of an explosive; power supply; switch or timer; and detonator or initiator; may incorporate military stores, but is normally devised from non-military components.
  • improvised grenade  - improvised weapon, military or homemade, designed to explode when a restraint is removed (usually handheld, but can be projected).
  • improvised mortar  - improvised weapon, military or homemade, designed to launch an explosive charge to the DHS
  • improvised rocket  - improvised weapon, military or homemade, designed to propel an explosive charge to the target.
  • improvised weapons  - weapons constructed in an improvised manner designed to destroy, incapacitate, harass or distract.
  • in/ on improvised explosive device emplacement  - improvised explosive device (IED) emplaced inside or directly on an item, vehicle, building, etc.
  • inadmissible alien  - alien that has not been inspected and admitted to the United States who is subject to the grounds of removal specified in the Immigration and Nationality Act.
  • incendiary  - chemical mixtures which are capable of causing fire.
  • incident Objectives  - Statements of guidance and direction needed to select appropriate strategy(s) and the tactical direction of resources. Incident objectives are based on realistic expectations of what can be accomplished when all allocated resources have been effectively deployed. Incident objectives must be DHS/ FEMA
  • incident annexes  - Describe the concept of operations to address specific contingency or hazard situations or an element of an incident requiring specialized application of the National Response Framework./ FEMA
  • incident driven activity  - specific action to stop, interdict, or otherwise respond to an incident.
  • incident environmental condition  - description of the ambient surrounding conditions to include weather conditions such as temperature, precipitation, fog, dust, etc.
  • incident management  - management and coordination of prevention, protection, and emergency management activities associated with a specific threat, or an actual occurrence includes, for example, major disasters, emergencies, terrorist attacks, specific threats of terrorist attacks, wildland and urban fires, floods, hazardous materials spills, nuclear accidents, aircraft accidents, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, tropical storms, war-related disasters, public health and medical emergencies, cyber attacks, and any other occurrences.
  • incident record IT service  - document that contains the details of an unplanned interruption to a service or reduction in the quality of service.
  • incident  - A security-related incident or a visa incident
  • incident  - An occurrence or event, natural or manmade, that requires a response to protect life or property. Incidents can, for example, include major disasters, emergencies, terrorist attacks, terrorist threats, civil unrest, wildland and urban fires, floods, hazardous materials spills, nuclear accidents, aircraft accidents, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, tropical storms, tsunamis, war-related disasters, public health and medical emergencies, and other occurrences requiring an emergency response./ FEMA
  • incident  - An occurrence, caused by either human action or natural phenomena, that requires action to prevent or minimize loss of life, or damage, loss of, or other risks to property, information, and/ or natural resources. See also information operations.
  • incident  - An occurrence, natural or human-caused, that requires a response to protect life or property. DHHS
  • incident  - An occurrence, natural or manmade, that requires a response to protect life or property. DHHS
  • incident  - An occurrence, other than an accident, associated with the operation of an aircraft which affects or could affect the safety of operation
  • incident  - a crash, natural disaster, work zone activity, special event, or other emergency road user occurrence that adversely affects or impedes the normal flow of traffic./ DOT
  • incident  - an occurrence that actually or imminently jeopardizes, without lawful authority, the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of information or an information system; or constitutes a violation or imminent threat of violation of law, security policies, security procedures, or acceptable use policies. White House
  • incident  - an occurrence that actually or imminently jeopardizes, without lawful authority, the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of information on an information system, or actually or imminently jeopardizes, without lawful authority, an information system; DHS
  • incident  - any occurrence or series of occurrences having the same origin, involving one or more vessels, facilities, or any combination thereof, resulting in the discharge or substantial threat of discharge of oil.
  • incident  - either an accident or a deliberate act. SPACE
  • incident  - natural, technological, or human-caused occurrence that may cause harm and that may require action could expand into an emergency predicated upon occurrence, and/ or a disaster based on the effectiveness of existing public safety resources.
  • indicator  - A particular characteristic or dimension used to measure intended changes defined by a Results Framework
  • indigenous populations and institutions  - The societal framework of an operational environment including citizens, legal and illegal immigrants, dislocated civilians, and governmental, tribal, ethnic, religious, commercial, and private organizations and entities. Also called IPI.
  • industrial development agency  - any agency which is permitted to issue obligations the interest on which is excludable from gross income.
  • industrial security  - portion of internal security that is concerned with the protection of classified information in the hands of United States industry.
  • ineligible to citizenship  - notwithstanding the provisions of any treaty relating to military service, an individual who is, or was at any time permanently debarred from becoming a citizen of the United States under the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, as amended, or the Selective Service Act of 1948, as amended.
  • informant  - any individual who furnishes information to an intelligence agency in the course of a confidential relationship protecting the identity of such individual from public disclosure. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • information access clearance  - formal certification of authorization for a government employee to have access to classified information.
  • information assurance  - Actions that protect and defend information systems by ensuring availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and nonrepudiation. Also called IA. See also information operations.
  • information assurance  - activities that protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their: - Availability: timely, reliable access to services. - Integrity: protection from unauthorized change. - Authentication: verification of originator. - Confidentiality: protection from unauthorized disclosure. - Non-repudiation: undeniable proof of participation.
  • information classification  - process by which information is determined to be classified information.
  • information control  - authority of the agency that originates information, or its successor in function, to regulate access to the information.
  • information integrity  - protection of information from unauthorized access or revision ensuring that the information is not compromised through corruption or falsification.
  • information need intelligence  - data and information needed by intelligence analysts in order to answer intelligence questions.
  • information operations intelligence integration  - The integration of intelligence disciplines and analytic methods to characterize and forecast, identify vulnerabilities, determine effects, and assess the information environment. Also called IOII.
  • information operations  - The integrated employment, during military operations, of information-related DOD
  • information safeguarding  - measures and controls prescribed to protect classified information.
  • information security operation  - security discipline concerned with implementation of a system of administrative policies and procedures for identifying, controlling, and protecting from unauthorized disclosure, information that is authorized protection authorized by executive order, statute, or regulation. Information security includes protection of classified, controlled unclassified, SCI, and SAP.
  • information security  - Operations to protect and defend information and IT systems by ensuring their availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non-repudiation. This includes providing for restoration of IT systems by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction capabilities
  • information security  - Protecting information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, DOS/
  • information security  - Protecting information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide - Integrity, which means guarding against improper information modification or destruction, and includes ensuring information nonrepudiation and authenticity; confidentiality, which means preserving authorized restrictions on access and disclosure, including protecting personal privacy and proprietary information; and availability, which means ensuring timely and reliable access to and use of information
  • information security  - The protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction, to provide confidentiality, integrity, and availability
  • information security  - protecting information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide integrity, confidentiality, and availability. DVA
  • information security  - protecting information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide — (1) Integrity, which means guarding against improper information modification or destruction, and includes ensuring information nonrepudiation and authenticity; (2) Confidentiality, which means preserving authorized restrictions on access and disclosure, including means for protecting personal privacy and proprietary information; and (3) Availability, which means ensuring timely and reliable access to, and use of, information. GSA/ DOD
  • information security  - protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
  • information security  - the protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide: integrity, which means guarding against improper information modification or destruction, and includes ensuring information non- repudiation and authenticity; confidentiality, which means preserving authorized restrictions on access and disclosure, including means for protecting personal privacy and proprietary information; and availability, which means ensuring timely and reliable access to and use of information. White House
  • information sharing environment  - an approach that facilitates the sharing of terrorism and homeland security information. Also called ISE.
  • information sharing environment  - common framework for the sharing of terrorism and homeland security information between and among federal departments and agencies, state, local, and tribal (SLT) governments, law enforcement agencies, international entities, and the private sector, as well as common standards for how, terrorism and homeland security information is acquired, accessed, shared and used within the framework facilitates the sharing of terrorism and homeland security information, and includes within it the DHS-ISE.
  • information sharing  - exchange between entities or persons of data, information or knowledge stored within discrete information systems or created spontaneously using collaborative communication technologies includes transmission, communication, or any type of disclosure or receipt of information as well as any provision or receipt of account access to a dataset or data repository.
  • infraGard  - partnership between the FBI and businesses, academic institutions, state and local law enforcement agencies, and other participants dedicated to sharing information and intelligence to prevent hostile acts against the United States.
  • infrastructure liaison  - Individual assigned by the Department of Homeland Security Office of Infrastructure Protection who advises the Unified Coordination Group on regionally or nationally significant infrastructure and key resources issues./ FEMA
  • infrastructure  - framework of interdependent networks and systems comprising identifiable industries, institutions (including people and procedures), and distribution capabilities that provide a reliable flow of products and services essential to the defense and economic security of the United States, the smooth functioning of government at all levels, and society as a whole. Consistent with the definition in the Homeland Security Act, infrastructure includes physical, cyber, and/ or human elements.
  • inholding  - any right, title, or interest, held by a non-Federal entity, in or to a tract of land that lies within the boundary of a federally designated area.
  • initial operating capability  - projected point in a program that indicates that there is major new capability with measurable program benefit available to the designated user(s).
  • initial operational capability  - The first attainment of the capability to employ effectively a weapon, item of equipment, or system of approved specific characteristics that is manned or operated by an adequately trained, equipped, and supported military unit or force. Also called IOC.
  • initial operational test and evaluation  - operational test and evaluation conducted on production or production representative articles, to determine whether systems are operationally effective and suitable for intended use by representative users to support the decision to proceed beyond Low Rate Initial Production (LRIP).
  • initial response force  - The first unit, usually military police, on the scene of a terrorist incident. See also antiterrorism.
  • initial response force  - The first unit, usually military police, on the scene of a terrorist incident. See also antiterrorism. DOD
  • initial summary employee performance rating  - summary performance rating assigned or proposed by the rating official, and documentation of accomplishments after evaluating the employee’s performance against the established performance elements.
  • insider threat detection activity  - activity to ascertain whether an insider threat exists regardless of the authority under which the activity is conducted.
  • insider threat oversight group  - intra-departmental group responsible for providing oversight, advice, and assistance to support the Insider Threat Program provided to the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis (USIA), the Senior Insider Threat Official (SITO), the Insider Threat Program Manager (ITPM), and the Insider Threat Operations Center (ITOC).
  • insider threat program manager  - person responsible for the coordination of the DHS Insider Threat Program selected by the Senior Insider Threat Official (SITO).
  • insider threat response activity  - activity to ascertain whether an insider threat exists and any activity to mitigate such a threat, regardless of the authority under which the activity is conducted.
  • insider threat response activity  - activity to mitigate an insider threat regardless of the authority under which the activity is conducted.
  • insider threat  - The threat that an insider will use her/ his authorized access, wittingly or unwittingly, to do harm to the security of the United States. This threat can include damage to the United States through espionage, terrorism, unauthorized disclosure of national security information, or through the loss or degradation of departmental resources or capabilities
  • insider threat  - threat that an insider will use his or her authorized access, wittingly or unwittingly, to do harm to an entity can include damage to the United States through espionage, terrorism, the unauthorized disclosure of classified national security information, or through the loss or degradation of departmental resources or capabilities.
  • insider  - person with authorized access to any United States Government resource includes access to personnel, DHS
  • inspect  - critical examination and appraisal of an individual , place or thing either by physical or technological means, to confirm standards and/ or laws are met and to detect violations of standards and/ or laws or other deviations from a norm for regulatory authorities; it is the act of administering an official review of various criteria (such as documents, facilities, records, and any other assets) that are deemed by the authority to be related to the inspection.
  • inspection  - the comprehensive process used by the United States Customs and Border Protection to assess goods entering the United States to appraise them for duty purposes, to detect the presence of restricted or prohibited items, and to ensure compliance with all applicable laws. The process may include screening, conducting an examination, or conducting a search.
  • instruments of national power  - All of the means available to the government in its pursuit of national objectives. They are expressed as diplomatic, economic, informational, and military
  • insurgency  - Insurgency is the organized use of subversion and violence to seize, nullify or challenge political control of a region. It is a primarily a political and territorial struggle, in which both sides use armed force to create space for their political, economic, and influence activities to be effective. Insurgency is not always conducted by a single group with a centralized, military-style command structure, but may involve different actors with various aims, loosely connected in networks
  • insurgency  - The organized use of subversion and violence to seize, nullify, or challenge political control of a region. Insurgency can also refer to the group itself.
  • integrated border enforcement team  - joint unit composed of U.S. and Canadian law enforcement agencies whose mission is to enhance border integrity and security along the shared Canada/ United States border- between designated ports of entry-by identifying, investigating, and interdicting persons, organizations, and goods that threaten the national security of one or both countries or that are involved in organized criminal activity.
  • integrated financial operations  - The integration, synchronization, prioritization, and targeting of fiscal resources and capabilities across United States departments and agencies, multinational partners, and nongovernmental organizations against an adversary and in support of the population. Also called IFO.
  • integrated military forces  - to military forces that are involved in the planning or execution (or both) of operations involving participants from- (A) more than one military department; or(B) a military department and one or more of the following: (i) Other departments and agencies of the United States. (ii) The military forces or agencies of other countries. (iii) Non-governmental persons or entities.
  • integrated planning  - A systematic, iterative process for understanding a situation, identifying goals and objectives, developing courses of action, allocating resources, integrating activities in space and time, and evaluating progress towards goals. Effective planning requires assessment, coordination among stakeholders, and evaluation and adjustments during the implementation process
  • integrated risk management  - structured approach that enables the distribution and employment of shared risk information and analysis and the synchronization of independent yet complementary risk management strategies to unify efforts across the enterprise.
  • integrated security managements systems  - web-based personnel security case management tool designed to support the lifecycle of Department (DHS) personnel security and suitability cases to include the capture of information related to background checks, investigations, and final determinations.
  • integrated staff  - A staff in which one officer only is appointed to each post on the establishment of the headquarters, irrespective of nationality and Service. See also multinational staff; joint staff.
  • integrity information  - guarding against improper information modification or destruction includes ensuring information non-repudiation and authenticity.
  • intelligence activities  - all activities that elements of the Intelligence Community are authorized to conduct pursuant to law or Executive Order 12333, as amended, or a successor order. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • intelligence activities  - all activities that elements of the Intelligence Community are authorized to conduct pursuant to this order. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • intelligence activity  - activity that is an element of the Intelligence Community and authorized to conduct pursuant to law or Executive Order 12333, as amended, or a successor order.
  • intelligence agency  - any department, agency, or other entity of the United States involved in intelligence or intelligence-related activities. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • intelligence analyst  - an individual who regularly advises, administers, supervises, or performs work in the collection, gathering, analysis, evaluation, reporting, production, or dissemination of information on political, economic, social, cultural, physical, geographical, scientific, or military conditions, trends, or forces in foreign or domestic areas that directly or indirectly affect national security.
  • intelligence and analysis Regional Director  - senior I&A manager within a geographic region responsible for managing intelligence processes, technologies, and I&A personnel to meet Intelligence Community, DHS, and state, local, tribal and territorial (SLTT) mission requirements. Also called I&A Regional Director.
  • intelligence and analysis field personnel  - employee of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis (I&A ) assigned, detailed, or deployed to federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial offices physically located outside of I&A Headquarters. Also called I&A field personnel.
  • intelligence and analysis product  - physical manifestation, regardless of form or format, of analytic efforts conducted in furtherance of the I&A mission, which represent the analytic assessment, judgment, or other analytic input of I&A or intelligence personnel, and which are intended for dissemination not included are the informal sharing of raw or unevaluated information, analyst-to-analyst exchanges, products issued by the Intelligence Watch and Warning and which may contain limited analytic content, or the sharing of third-party products. Also called I&A product.
  • intelligence and analysis production plan  - dynamic document or database representing the proposed analytic research of I&A. Also called I&A production plan.
  • intelligence and analysis use  - person, including DHS or other Federal Government employees assigned or detailed to I&A, contractor or subcontractor personnel assigned to or working in support of I&A, and others as approved by I&A, authorized to use electronic tools (e-mail, intranet, etc.) as part of their assigned official duties. Also called I&A use.
  • intelligence and analysis  - activity whereby meaning, actual or suggested, is derived through organizing and systematically examining diverse information and applying inductive or deductive logic for the purposes of criminal investigation or assessment. Also called I&A analysis.
  • intelligence assessment  - an intelligence-related analytical study of a subject of policy significance and does not include building-block papers, research projects, and reference aids. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • intelligence collection requirement  - specific identified intelligence or information gap pursued through collection operations, intelligence activities, or nominated for collection by the appropriate recipient of the intelligence or information DHS
  • intelligence community  - certain designated federal government agencies, services, bureaus, or other organizations that play a role in the gathering or use of national intelligence includes a broad range of personnel in government, the private sector and military, both domestic and foreign, including gatherers, analysts, and end-users of intelligence information.
  • intelligence component of the Department  - any element or entity of the Department that collects, gathers, processes, analyzes, produces, or disseminates intelligence information within the scope of the information sharing environment, including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information, or national intelligence, except- (A) the United States Secret Service; and (B) the Coast Guard, when operating under the direct authority of the Secretary of Defense or Secretary of the Navy, except that nothing in this paragraph shall affect or diminish the authority and responsibilities of the Commandant of the Coast Guard to command or control the Coast Guard as an armed force or the authority of the Director of National Intelligence with respect to the Coast Guard as an element of the intelligence community.
  • intelligence information report reporter  - DHS personnel authorized to produce intelligence information reports (IIRs).
  • intelligence information report  - information delivery vehicle used to report raw, unevaluated information related to collection requirements or national intelligence requirements to federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial, partners as well as foreign and private sector consumers, as appropriate.
  • intelligence information sharing environment  - Department approach that facilitates the sharing of terrorism and homeland security information.
  • intelligence information  - analyzed and synthesized information that is of tactical, operational, or strategic value includes foreign intelligence and counterintelligence information as defined by Executive Order 12333, December 4, 1981, as amended, or by a successor order.
  • intelligence operations  - The variety of intelligence and counterintelligence tasks that are carried out by various intelligence organizations and activities within the intelligence process. See also analysis and production; collection; dissemination and integration; evaluation and feedback; planning and direction; processing and exploitation.
  • intelligence originator  - DHS Component or other department or agency of the United States Government that produced an intelligence product based on information collected in whole or in part by that entity DHS
  • intelligence personnel  - employees, detailees, contractors, and subcontractors assigned to or working on behalf of I&A, regardless of duty location.
  • intelligence product  - physical manifestation, regardless of form of format, of analytic efforts conducted in furtherance of an intelligence activity, which represent the analytic assessment, judgment, or other analytic output of intelligence personnel, and which are intended for dissemination.
  • intelligence questions  - current questions of concern (by strategic leaders or operational commanders) about the homeland security threat or operational environment, which must be answered through the collection or production of intelligence.
  • intelligence special access program  - special access program established primarily to protect the planning and execution of especially sensitive intelligence or counterintelligence operations or collection activities.
  • intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance visualization  - The capability to graphically display the current and future locations of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance sensors, their projected platform tracks, vulnerability to threat capabilities and meteorological and oceanographic phenomena, fields of regard, tasked collection targets, and products to provide a basis for dynamic retasking and time-sensitive decision making. Also called ISR visualization. See also intelligence; intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance; reconnaissance; surveillance.
  • intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance  - An activity that synchronizes and integrates the planning and operation of sensors, assets, and processing, exploitation, and dissemination systems in direct support of current and future operations. This is an integrated intelligence and operations function. Also called ISR. See also intelligence; intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance visualization; reconnaissance; surveillance.
  • intelligence-led policing  - the collection and analysis of information to produce an intelligence end product designed to inform law enforcement decision making at the tactical and strategic level.
  • intelligence-related activities  - Those activities outside the consolidated defense intelligence program that: respond to operational commanders’ tasking for time-sensitive information on foreign entities; respond to national intelligence community tasking of systems whose primary mission is support to operating forces; train personnel for intelligence duties; provide an intelligence reserve; or are devoted to research and development of intelligence or related capabilities. (Specifically excluded are programs that are so closely integrated with a weapon system that their primary function is to provide immediate-use targeting data. ) DOD
  • intelligence/ investigations  - Different from operational and situational intelligence gathered and reported by the Planning Section. Intelligence/ investigations gathered within the Intelligence/ Investigations function is information that either leads to the detection, prevention, apprehension, and prosecution of criminal activities (or the individual(s) involved), including terrorist incidents, or information that leads to determination of the cause of a given incident (regardless of the source) such as public health events or fires with unknown origins./ FEMA
  • intelligence  - 1. The product resulting from the collection, processing, integration, evaluation, analysis, and interpretation of available information concerning foreign nations, hostile or potentially hostile forces or elements, or areas of actual or potential operations. 2. The activities that result in the product. 3. The organizations engaged in such activities. See also acoustic intelligence; all-source intelligence; communications intelligence; critical intelligence; domestic intelligence; electronic intelligence; foreign intelligence; foreign instrumentation signals intelligence; general military intelligence; imagery intelligence; joint intelligence; measurement and signature intelligence; medical intelligence; national intelligence; open-source intelligence; operational intelligence; scientific and technical intelligence; strategic intelligence; tactical intelligence; target intelligence; technical intelligence; terrain intelligence.
  • intelligence  - foreign intelligence and counterintelligence as defined by Executive Order 12333 of December 4, 1981, as amended, or by a successor order. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • intelligence  - foreign intelligence and counterintelligence. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • intelligent transportation infrastructure  - fully integrated public sector intelligent transportation system components, as defined by the Secretary./ DOT
  • intended victim  - target of credible and specific information indicating an impending threat of intentional killing, serious bodily injury, or kidnapping directed at a person or group of people, an institution, place of business, structure, or location includes both U.S. persons, as defined in EO 12333, and non-U.S. persons.
  • intentional hazard  - source of harm, duress, or difficulty created by a deliberate action or a planned course of action.
  • intentional killing  - deliberate killing of a specific person or group of persons.
  • interagency coordination  - Within the context of DoD involvement, the coordination that occurs between DOS/
  • interdiction  - 1. An action to divert, disrupt, delay, or destroy the enemy’s military surface capability before it can be used effectively against friendly forces, or to otherwise achieve objectives. 2. In support of law enforcement, activities conducted to divert, disrupt, delay, intercept, board, detain, or destroy, under lawful authority, vessels, vehicles, aircraft, people, cargo, and money. See also air interdiction.
  • interdiction  - in support of law enforcement, activities conducted to divert, disrupt, delay, intercept, board, detain, or destroy, as appropriate, vessels, vehicles, aircraft, people, and cargo.
  • interdiction  — 1. An action to divert, disrupt, delay, or destroy the enemy’s military surface capability before it can be used effectively against friendly forces, or to achieve enemy objectives. 2. In support of law enforcement, activities conducted to divert, disrupt, delay, intercept, board, detain, or destroy, under lawful authority, vessels, vehicles, aircraft, people, cargo, and money. See also air interdiction.
  • intergovernmental organization  - A group created by a formal agreement, such as a treaty, between two or more governments and established on a global, regional, or functional basis for wide-ranging or narrowly defined purposes; formed to protect and promote national interests shared by member states. Examples include the United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and the African Union
  • intermediary country  - a country that exports raw or worked ivory that does not originate in that country.
  • intermediate military objective  - The measurable objectives that directly contribute to the achievement of theater or functional end states. They reflect objectives achievable by the command within the 5 year timeframe of a campaign plan. Also called IMO
  • internal security  - The state of law and order prevailing within a nation.
  • internally displaced person  - Any person who has been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their home or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized state border. Also called IDP.
  • international agreement  - a comprehensive agreement concluded through negotiations at the Third United DOI
  • international agreement  - a comprehensive agreement concluded through negotiations at the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, relating to (among other matters) the exploration for and commercial recovery of hard mineral resources and the establishment of an international regime for the regulation thereof.
  • international chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear response  - A United States Government activity that assists a foreign government in responding to the effects from an intentional, naturally occurring, or accidental chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear incident on foreign territory to save and sustain lives, stabilize the situation, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs. Also called ICBRN-R.
  • international chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear response  - United States Government activity that assists foreign governments in responding to the effects from an intentional or accidental chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear incident on foreign territory. Also called ICBRN-R. DOD
  • international cyber criminal  - an individual-
(1) who is believed to have committed a cybercrime or intellectual property crime against the interests of the United States or the citizens of the United States; and (2) for whom- (A) an arrest warrant has been issued by a judge in the United States; or (B) an international wanted notice (commonly referred to as a Red Notice) has been circulated by Interpol.
  • international marriage broker  - a corporation, partnership, business, individual, or other legal entity, whether or not organized under any law of the United States, that charges fees for providing dating, matrimonial, matchmaking services, or social referrals between United States citizens or nationals or aliens lawfully admitted to the United States as permanent residents and foreign national clients by providing personal contact information or otherwise facilitating communication between individuals.
  • international military education and training  - Formal or informal instruction provided to foreign military students, units, and forces on a nonreimbursable (grant) basis by offices or employees of the United States, contract technicians, and contractors. Instruction may include correspondence courses; technical, educational, or informational publications; and media of all kinds. Also called IMET. See also United States Military Service funded foreign training.
  • international organization  - An organization with an international membership, scope, or presence
  • international organization  - a public international organization or international-organization preparatory commission in which the Government of the United States participates. USG
  • international terrorism  - activities that (1) involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that violate domestic criminal law or would violate such law if committed in the United States or a State, local, or tribal jurisdiction; (2) appear to be intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion, or to affect the conduct of a government by assassination or kidnapping; and (3) occur totally outside the United States, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to coerce or intimidate, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum.
  • international terrorism  - activities that (A) involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or of any State; (B) appear to be intended — (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and (C) occur primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum. DOJ
  • international terrorism  - activities that (A) involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or of any State; (B) appear to be intended—
(i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
(ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or
(iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and (C) occur primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum. DOJ
  • international terrorism  - activities that — (1) involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or any State; (2) appear to be intended — (A) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (B) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (C) to affect the conduct of a government by assassination or kidnapping; and(3) occur totally outside the United States, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • international terrorism  - activities that—
(1) involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or any State; (2) appear to be intended—
(A) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
(B) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (C) to affect the conduct of a government by assassination or kidnapping; and(3) occur totally outside the United States, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to coerce or intimidate, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • international terrorism  - terrorism involving citizens or the territory of more than 1 country. DOS
  • internationally recognized core labor standards  - the core labor standards only as stated in the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Follow-Up (1998).
  • interoperability  - The ability of emergency management/ response personnel to interact and work well together. In the context of technology, interoperability also refers to having an emergency communications system that is the same or is linked to the same system that a jurisdiction uses for nonemergency procedures, and that effectively interfaces with national standards as they are developed. The system should allow the sharing of data with other jurisdictions and levels of government during planning and deployment./ FEMA
  • intervention  - immediate action taken to confront, resolve or reduce impact by way of hindrance or modification Intervention is an effect, or force, action that modifies a situation or condition. An intervention is a process that modifies behavior or the outcome of an event.
  • intrusion assessments  - actions taken under the intrusion assessment plan to identify and remove intruders in agency information systems.
  • irregular warfare  - A violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant population(s). Also called IW.
  • irrigation block  - an area of arid or semiarid lands in a project in which, in the judgment of the Secretary, the irrigable lands should be reclaimed and put under irrigation at substantially the same time, and which is designated as an irrigation block by order of the Secretary.
  • irrigation water  - water made available for agricultural purposes from the operation of reclamation project facilities pursuant to a contract with the Secretary.
  • ivory producing country  - any African country within which is located any part of the range of a population of African elephants.
  • joint exercise  - A joint military maneuver, simulated wartime operation, or other event designated by the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff or by a combatant commander, that involves planning, preparation, execution, and evaluation. The forces of two or more military departments interact with a combatant commander or subordinate joint force commander, as well as with joint forces and/ or staffs. The exercise is conducted using joint doctrine or joint tactics, techniques, and procedures
  • joint harbor operations center  - operational command and control facilities focused around a single port and on coordinating operations and information sharing staffed by the Navy and Coast Guard, as well as other port centric stakeholders.
  • joint information center  - An interagency entity established to coordinate and disseminate information for the public and media concerning an incident. JICs may be established locally, regionally, or nationally depending on the size and magnitude of the incident. Also called JIC./ FEMA
  • joint information system  - Mechanism that integrates incident information and public affairs into a cohesive organization designed to provide consistent, coordinated, accurate, accessible, timely, and complete information during crisis or incident operations. The mission of the JIS is to provide a structure and system for developing and delivering coordinated interagency messages; developing, recommending, and executing public information plans and strategies on behalf of the Incident Commander; advising the Incident Commander concerning public affairs issues that could affect a response effort; and controlling rumors and inaccurate information that could undermine public confidence in the emergency response effort. Also called JIS./ FEMA
  • joint operations center  - An interagency command post established by the Federal Bureau of Investigation to manage terrorist threats or incidents and investigative and intelligence activities. The JOC coordinates the necessary local, State, and Federal assets required to support the investigation, and to prepare for, respond to, and resolve the threat or incident. Also called JOC./ FEMA
  • joint regional strategies  - An integrated strategic plan developed jointly between the State and USAID Regional Bureaus that involves the equities of both agencies, and involves both non-regional bureaus and interagency partners with a stake in the region. The JRS is used to inform budget decisions, advise integrated country strategies, and shape performance reviews. Also called JRS
  • joint task force  - Based on the complexity and type of incident, and the anticipated level of Department of Defense (DOD) resource involvement, DOD may elect to designate a JTF to command Federal (Title 10) military activities in support of the incident objectives. If a JTF is established, consistent with operational requirements, its command and control element will be co-located with the senior on-scene leadership at the Joint Field Office (JFO) to ensure coordination and unity of effort. The co-location of the JTF command and control element does not replace the requirement for a Defense Coordinating Officer (DCO)/ Defense Coordinating Element as part of the JFO Unified Coordination Staff. The DCO remains the DOD single point of contact in the JFO for requesting assistance from DOD. Also called JTF./ FEMA
  • joint training  - Military instruction that is based on joint doctrine or tactics, techniques, and procedures, and that prepares joint forces and/ or staffs to respond to the strategic and operational mission requirements of combatant commanders. The forces of two or more military departments interact with a combatant commander or subordinate joint force commander, as well as with joint forces and/ or staffs. The exercise is conducted using joint doctrine or joint tactics, techniques, and procedures
  • joint worldwide intelligence communications system  - network designed to meet the requirements for secure DHS
  • joint  - Involving more than one Service (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines). Also purple
  • jurisdiction  - A range or sphere of authority. Public agencies have jurisdiction at an incident related to their legal responsibilities and authority. Jurisdictional authority at an incident can be political or geographical (e.g., Federal, State, tribal, and local boundary lines) or functional (e.g., law enforcement, public health)./ FEMA
  • jurisdictional agency  - The agency having jurisdiction and responsibility for a specific geographical area, or a mandated function./ FEMA
  • key intelligence official  - senior intelligence official designated by the Heads of Components for their DHS
  • kidnapping  - intentional taking of an individual or group through force or threat of force.
  • land domain awareness  - effective understanding of information, threats, and anything associated with the land domain that could affect the safety, security, commerce, or environment of the United States.
  • landholding  - total irrigable acreage of one or more tracts of land situated in one or more districts owned or operated under a lease which is served with irrigation water pursuant to a contract with the Secretary. In DOI
  • landholding  - total irrigable acreage of one or more tracts of land situated in one or more districts owned or operated under a lease which is served with irrigation water pursuant to a contract with the Secretary. In determining the extent of a landholding the Secretary shall add to any landholding held directly by a qualified or limited recipient that portion of any landholding held indirectly by such qualified or limited recipient which benefits that qualified or limited recipient in proportion to that landholding.
  • large vehicle-borne improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) built into any large ground-based vehicle (e.g., dump truck, panel truck, bongo truck, commercial bus, tanker, etc.) and/ or serves as the concealment means for a large amount of explosives (2000 lbs. ) DHS
  • law enforcement activity  - activity directed toward the preservation of public order and safety, including protection of persons and property (real and other) in accordance with a statutory authority includes efforts as authorized by law to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution of, or the incarceration of any person for any violation of law, and has statutory powers of arrest.
  • law enforcement agency  - an agency of a State, a political subdivision of a State, or a Federally recognized tribe that is authorized by law to supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution of any violation of criminal law. DOT/ Maritime
  • law enforcement agency  - an agency of the United States, a State, or a political subdivision of a State, authorized by law or by a government agency to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution of any violation of criminal law
  • law enforcement intelligence  - information collected, received, processed, exploited, analyzed, produced, or disseminated under law enforcement or regulatory authorities that has tactical, operational, or strategic value.
  • law enforcement officer position  - position occupied by an employee whose primary duties are the investigation, apprehension, or detention of persons suspected or convicted of offenses against the criminal laws of the United States or the protection of officials of the United States against threats to personal safety includes an employee engaged in these activities who is transferred to a supervisory or administrative position; excludes an employee whose primary duties involve maintaining law and order, protecting life and property, guarding against or inspecting for violations of law, or investigating persons other than persons who are suspected or convicted of offenses against the criminal laws of the United States.
  • law enforcement officer  - any officer, agent, or employee of the United States, a State, or a political subdivision of a State, authorized by law or by a government agency to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution of any violation of criminal law
  • law enforcement officer  - position occupied by an employee authorized by statute to enforce the laws of the United States, carry firearms, and make criminal arrests in the performance of their assigned duties includes designated U.S. Coast Guard and other military officers and members.
  • law enforcement online  - virtual private network accredited and approved by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for sensitive but unclassified information used by all levels of the law enforcement, criminal justice, and public safety communities to support investigative operations, send notifications and alerts, and provide an avenue to remotely access other law enforcement and intelligence systems and resources.
  • law enforcement personnel  - an employee of a Federal, State, or local government agency, including an Indian tribal agency, who has successfully completed law enforcement training approved by the Secretary and is authorized to carry firearms, make arrests, and execute service of process to enforce criminal laws of his or her employing jurisdiction.
  • law enforcement sensitive  - marking sometimes applied, in addition to the marking “FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY,” by the Department of Justice and other activities in the law enforcement community, including DHS.
  • law of war  - That part of international law that regulates the conduct of armed hostilities. Also called the law of armed conflict. See also rules of engagement.
  • lawful permanent resident  - status accorded to an individual who has been lawfully accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the United States as an immigrant in accordance with immigration laws, such status not having changed.
  • lawfully admitted for permanent residence  - the status of having been lawfully accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the United States as an immigrant in accordance with the immigration laws, such status not having changed.
  • leased  - subjected to a grant of primary possession entered into for a gainful purpose with a determinable fee DOI
  • leased  - subjected to a grant of primary possession entered into for a gainful purpose with a determinable fee remaining in the hands of the grantor. With respect to a lease that conveys rights of exploration and development, the exemptions listed in paragraph (1) shall continue with respect to that portion of the leased tract that is used solely for the purposes of exploration.
  • least developed country  - a country which the Trade Representative determines is- (i) a country referred to as a least developed country within the meaning of paragraph (a) of Annex VII to the Subsidies Agreement, or (ii) any other country listed in Annex VII to the Subsidies Agreement, but only if the country has a per capita gross national product of less than $1,000 per annum as measured by the most recent data available from the World Bank.
  • least developed country  - any country on the United Nations General Assembly list of least developed countries.
  • legitimate law enforcement purpose  - function falling within an agency or law enforcement official’s sphere of lawful enforcement authority in preventing, detecting, investigating, or prosecuting an offense or a potential offense, or assisting that agency or law enforcement official in such prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution does not include personal or collateral purposes not related to the official function of the Law Enforcement Official.
  • lesson learned  - concise description of knowledge derived from a particular experience includes good work practice or innovative approach to promote repeat applications, or an adverse work practice or experience to avoid a recurrence.
  • letter of offer and acceptance  - U.S. Department of Defense letter by which the U.S. Government offers to sell to a foreign government or international organization U.S. defense articles, defense services, and training pursuant to the Arms Export Control Act, as amended. The LOA lists the items and/ or services, estimated costs, and the terms and conditions of sale; it also provides for the signature of an appropriate foreign government official to indicate acceptance. Also called LOA
  • letter of request  - term used to identify a request from an eligible FMS participant country for the purchase of U.S. defense articles, services, and training. The request may be submitted in a variety of formats. Also called LOR
  • levee feature  - a structure that is critical to the functioning of a levee, including- (A) an embankment section; DHS
  • levee system  - 1 or more levee segments, including all levee features that are interconnected and necessary to ensure protection of the associated leveed areas- (A) that collectively provide flood damage reduction to a defined area; and (B) the failure of 1 of which may result in the failure of the entire system.
  • levee  - a manmade barrier (such as an embankment, floodwall, or other structure)- (i) the primary purpose of which is to provide hurricane, storm, or flood protection relating to seasonal high water, storm surges, precipitation, or other weather events; and (ii) that is normally subject to water loading for only a few days or weeks during a calendar year.
  • level of protection  - degree of security provided by a particular countermeasure or set of countermeasures.
  • level of risk  - combined measure of the threat, vulnerability, and consequences posed to a facility from a specified undesirable incident.
  • liaison officer  - A member of the Command Staff responsible for coordinating with representatives from cooperating and assisting agencies or organizations./ FEMA
  • light bulb/ flash bulb initiator  - device used as electric initiator that incorporates an improvised use of the bulb to initiate primary or low explosives.
  • light sensitive trigger  - proximity trigger that senses changes in the amount of light in the environment near the sensor and causes a circuit to be completed, firing the device.
  • likelihood statistical  - conditional probability of observing a particular event given the hypothesis under consideration is true.
  • likelihood  - chance of something happening, whether defined, measured or estimated objectively or subjectively, or in terms of general descriptors (such as rare, unlikely, likely, almost certain), frequencies, or probabilities.
  • limited recipient  - any legal entity established under State or Federal law benefiting more than twenty-five natural persons.
  • liquid explosive  - explosive material in a liquid statenitric acid esters (e.g. nitroglycerin, nitroglycol) and EDGN.
  • load-serving entity  - a distribution utility or an electric utility that has a service obligation.
  • local government  - A county, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments (regardless of whether the council of governments is incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under State law), regional or interstate government entity, or agency or instrumentality of a local government; an Indian tribe or authorized tribal entity, or in Alaska a Native Village or Alaska Regional Native Corporation; a rural community, unincorporated town or village, or other public entity./ FEMA
  • local government  - any borough, city, county, parish, town, township, village, or other political subdivision of a State.
  • local government  - public entities responsible for the security and welfare of a designated area as established by law includes county, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments; regional or interstate government entity, or agency or instrumentality of a local government; an Indian tribe or authorized tribal organization, a native village or native cooperation; or a rural community, unincorporated town or village, or other public entity; State governments are separate entities and are not included in the definition of local government.
  • local government  - 
(A) a county, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments (regardless of whether the council of governments is incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under State law), regional or interstate government entity, or agency or instrumentality of a local government; (B) an Indian tribe or authorized tribal organization, or in Alaska a Native village or Alaska Regional Native Corporation; and (C) a rural community, unincorporated town or village, or other public entity.
  • logistics section- (1) Incident Command  - Section responsible for providing facilities, services, and material support for the incident. (2) Joint Field Office (JFO) - Section that coordinates logistics support to include control of and accountability for Federal supplies and equipment; resource ordering; delivery of equipment, supplies, and services to the JFO and other field locations; facility location, setup, space management, building services, and general facility operations; transportation coordination and fleet management services; information and technology systems services; administrative services such as mail management and reproduction; and customer assistance./ FEMA
  • logistics  - detailed coordination of complex operations involving many resources encompasses the efficient planning, integration, and management of resources to achieve mission objectives.
  • lone offender  - person motivated by one or more violent extremist ideologies that, operating alone, supports or engages in acts of unlawful violence in furtherance of that ideology or ideologies that may involve influence from a larger terrorist organization or a foreign actor.
  • long-term recovery  - A process of recovery that may continue for a number of months or years, depending on the severity and extent of the damage sustained. For example, long-term recovery may include the complete redevelopment of damaged areas./ FEMA
  • loss  - death, bodily injury, or loss of or damage to property, including business interruption loss.
  • low explosive  - combustible materials which are characterized by deflagration (rapid burn)does not produce a shock wave and generally requiring confinement to explode.
  • low-income migrant or seasonal farmworker  - an individual- (1) who has, during any consecutive 12 month period within the preceding 24 month period, performed farm work for wages; (2) who has received not less than one-half of such individual's total income, or been employed at least one-half of total work time in farm work; and (3) whose annual family income within the 12 month period referred to in paragraph (1) does not exceed the higher of the poverty level or 70 percent of the lower living standard income level
  • low-visibility operations  - Sensitive operations wherein the diplomatic-military restrictions inherent in covert and clandestine operations are either not necessary or not feasible; actions are taken as required to limit exposure of those involved and/ or their activities and with the knowledge that the action and/ or sponsorship of the operation may preclude plausible denial by the initiating power. DOD
  • lower-risk traveler  - person determined by a DHS Component to be eligible for expedited travel screening and processing for a limited period of time and based on specific travel arrangements determination includes a risk-based assessment of government information and conclusion that the threat the person may pose to public safety and national security is commensurate with the level of expedited screening and processing afforded.
  • magnetic attachment improvised explosive device employment  - improvised explosive device (IED ) employment in which the device is attached to the target using magnets.
  • magnetic contact  - magnetically actuated switch and a magnet, typically used on doors and windows to detect opening by changing the position of the magnet.
  • magnetic trigger  - proximity trigger that senses magnetic alterations in the area around the sensor and causes a circuit to be completed, firing the device.
  • major disaster  - Under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, any natural catastrophe (including any hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, DHS/ FEMA
  • major disaster  - Under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, any natural catastrophe (including any hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought) or, regardless of cause, any fire, flood, or explosion in any part of the United States that, in the determination of the President, causes damage of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant major disaster assistance under the Stafford Act to supplement the efforts and available resources of States, local governments, and disaster relief organizations in alleviating the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering caused thereby./ FEMA
  • major disaster  - any natural catastrophe (including any hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, winddriven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought), or, regardless of cause, any fire, flood, or explosion, in any part of the United States, which in the determination of the President causes damage of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant major disaster assistance under this chapter to supplement the efforts and available resources of States, local governments, and disaster relief organizations in alleviating the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering caused thereby
  • major disaster  - natural catastrophe (including any hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought) or, DHS
  • major disaster  - natural catastrophe (including any hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought) or, regardless of cause, any fire, flood, or explosion, in any part of the United States, which in the determination of the President causes damage of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant major disaster assistance under the Robert T. Stafford Act to supplement the efforts and available resources of States, local governments, and disaster relief organizations in alleviating the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering caused thereby.
  • major event  - planned, non-emergency activity that draws national attention significant or designated non- emergency activity requiring additional security, such as inaugurals, State of the Union addresses, the Olympics, and international summit conferences.
  • major hazard  - natural or human-induced phenomenon that has the potential for significant and substantial harm to human health, property, activity, and/ or animals or the environment.
  • major incident IT service  - highest category of impact for an incident.
  • major information system  - information system that requires special management attention because of its importance to an agency mission; its high development, operating, or maintenance costs; or its significant role in the administration of agency programs, finances, property, or other resources.
  • malicious cyber command and control  - a method for unauthorized remote identification of, access to, or use of, an information system or information that is stored on, processed by, or transiting an information system.
  • malicious reconnaissance  - a method for actively probing or passively monitoring an information system for the purpose of discerning security vulnerabilities of the information system, if such method is associated DHS
  • man-made disaster  - human-caused incident resulting in severe property damage, deaths, and/ or multiple injuries includes such events as airplane accidents, nuclear disasters, oil spills, structural flaws or failures, war, genocide, terrorist attacks.
  • marine environment  - an all-inclusive term that was developed to cover land and water areas that could be affected by pollution from all vessels and not only tank vessels. DOT/ Maritim e
  • marine environment  - an all-inclusive term that was developed to cover land and water areas that could be affected by pollution from all vessels and not only tank vessels. DOT/ Maritime
  • marine environment  - the physical, atmospheric, and biological components, conditions, and factors which interactively determine the productivity, state, condition, and quality of the marine ecosystem, including the waters of the high seas, the contiguous zone, transitional and intertidal areas, salt marshes, and wetlands within the coastal zone and on the outer Continental Shelf.
  • marine transportation system  - set of waterways, ports and inter-modal connections, vessels, vehicles, and system users, as well as federal maritime navigation systems in which marine vessels operate consists of waterways, ports and inter-modal connections, vessels, vehicles, and system users, as well as federal maritime navigation systems.
  • maritime area of interest  - particular geographic point, such as sea lanes or oceanic regions, on which surveillance capabilities are focused.
  • maritime domain awareness  - effective understanding of information, threats, and anything associated with the global maritime domain that could impact the security, safety, economy, or environment of the United States.
  • maritime domain  - sphere of knowledge, influence and activity concerning areas and things of, on, under, relating to, adjacent to, or bordering on a seas, ocean, or other navigable waterway includes all maritime- related activities, infrastructure, people, cargo, and vessels and other conveyances.
  • maritime security level  - warning level set for a specified maritime region to reflect the prevailing threat environment to the marine elements of the national transportation system includes; ports, vessels, facilities, and critical assets and infrastructure located on or adjacent to waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
  • maritime security operations  - Those operations to protect maritime sovereignty and resources and to counter maritime-related terrorism, weapons proliferation, transnational crime, piracy, environmental destruction, and illegal seaborne immigration. Also called MSO.
  • mass atrocity response operations  - Military activities conducted to prevent or halt mass atrocities. Also called MARO.
  • mass casualty  - Any large number of casualties produced in a relatively short period of time, usually as the result of a single incident such as a military aircraft accident, hurricane, flood, earthquake, or armed attack that exceeds local logistic support capabilities. Also called MASCAL. See also casualty.
  • mass killings  - 3 or more killings in a single incident.
  • mechanical energy source  - retained spring in an improvised explosive device (IED) or improved weapon that acts as the energy source.
  • mechanical timing switch  - timing switch (e.g., clock, timer, drip timer) constructed or modified so that physical contact between two parts of the timing device complete an electrical circuit initiating the device.
  • medical civil-military operations  - All military health-related activities in support of a joint force commander that establish, enhance, maintain or influence relations between the joint or multinational force and host nation, multinational governmental and nongovernmental civilian organizations and authorities, and the civilian populace in order to facilitate military operations, achieve United States operational objectives, and positively impact the health sector. Also called MCMO.
  • medical countermeasures  - MCMs include both pharmaceutical interventions (e.g., vaccines, antimicrobials, antidotes, and antitoxins) and non-pharmaceutical MCM interventions (e.g., ventilators, diagnostics, personal protective equipment, and patient decontamination methods) that may be used to prevent, mitigate, or treat the adverse health effects of a public health emergency. DHHS
  • medical countermeasures  - Medical countermeasures include both pharmaceutical interventions (e.g., vaccines, antimicrobials, antidotes, and antitoxins) and non-pharmaceutical medical countermeasure interventions (e.g., ventilators, diagnostics, personal protective equipment, and patient decontamination DHHS
  • medical countermeasures  - Medical countermeasures include both pharmaceutical interventions (e.g., vaccines, antimicrobials, antidotes, and antitoxins) and non-pharmaceutical medical countermeasure interventions (e.g., ventilators, diagnostics, personal protective equipment, and patient decontamination methods) that may be used to prevent, mitigate, or treat the adverse health effects of a public health emergency”. DHHS
  • medical facility  - any facility or part thereof which is, or will be, under the jurisdiction of the Secretary for the provision of health-care services (including hospital, nursing home, or domiciliary care or medical services), including any necessary building and auxiliary structure, garage, parking facility, mechanical equipment, trackage facilities leading thereto, abutting sidewalks, accommodations for attending personnel, and recreation facilities associated therewith. DVA
  • medical services  - Facilitates charges for medical evacuations, hospitalizations, and expenses related to obtaining a medical clearance
  • medical services  - medical examination, treatment, and rehabilitative services, plus:(A) Surgical services; (B ) Dental services and appliances;
(C) Optometric and podiatric services; (D) Preventive health services;
(E) Noninstitutional extended care services, including alternatives to institutional extended care that the Secretary may furnish directly, by contract, or through provision of case management by another provider or payer; (F) In the case of a person otherwise receiving care or services under this chapter: (i) wheelchairs, artificial limbs, trusses, and similar appliances; (ii) special clothing made necessary by the wearing of prosthetic appliances; and (iii) such other supplies or services as the Secretary determines to be reasonable DVA
  • medical services  - medical examination, treatment, and rehabilitative services, plus:(A) Surgical services; (B ) Dental services and appliances;
(C) Optometric and podiatric services; (D) Preventive health services;
(E) Noninstitutional extended care services, including alternatives to institutional extended care that the Secretary may furnish directly, by contract, or through provision of case management by another provider or payer; (F) In the case of a person otherwise receiving care or services under this chapter: (i) wheelchairs, artificial limbs, trusses, and similar appliances; (ii) special clothing made necessary by the wearing of prosthetic appliances; and (iii) such other supplies or services as the Secretary determines to be reasonable and necessary; also (G) Travel and incidental expenses. DVA
  • medical surge  - The capability to rapidly expand the capacity of the existing health care system in order to provide triage and subsequent medical care. DHHS
  • medical surge  - The capability to rapidly expand the capacity of the existing healthcare system in order to provide triage and subsequent medical care with the goal of rapidly and appropriately extending care for the injured or ill stemming from the event and the maintenance of continuity of care for non-incident related illness or injury. DHHS
  • medical surveillance  - The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of data derived from instances of medical care or medical evaluation, and the reporting of population-based information for characterizing and countering threats to a population’s health, well-being and performance. See also surveillance.
  • membrane switch  - switch incorporating two metal layers, separated by an insulator that functions the IED when perforated or when pressure is applied.
  • method of emplacement  - description of where the device was delivered, used, or employed.
  • method of improvised explosive device identification  - manner in which a unit located a device, components or improvised weapon via visual observation, working animal, sensor, or human tip.
  • migrant  - A person who (1) belongs to a normally migratory culture who may cross national boundaries, or (2 ) has fled his or her native country for economic reasons rather than fear of political or ethnic persecution.
  • military chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear improvised explosive device enhancement  - chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) materials manufactured for military use that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED).
  • military departments  - The departments within the Department of Defense created by the National Security Act DOS/
  • military engagement  - Routine contact and interaction between individuals or elements of the Armed Forces of the United States and those of another nation’s armed forces, or foreign and domestic civilian authorities or agencies to build trust and confidence, share information, coordinate mutual activities, and maintain influence.
  • military explosive  - explosive manufactured for military use.
  • military government  - The supreme authority the military exercises by force or agreement over the lands, property, and indigenous populations and institutions of domestic, allied, or enemy territory therefore substituting sovereign authority under rule of law for the previously established government.
  • military occupation  - A condition in which territory is under the effective control of a foreign armed force. See also occupied territory.
  • military operations  - those operations involving members of the armed forces assisting in United States Government sponsored training of military personnel of a foreign nation.
  • military treatment facility  - a medical facility under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department.
 DVA
  • military-to-military contacts  - contacts between members of the armed forces and members of foreign armed forces through activities.
  • military-unique capabilities  - those capabilities that, in the view of the Secretary of Defense-(A) cannot be provided by other Federal, State, or local civilian agencies; and(B) are essential to provide support to civil authorities in an incident of national significance or a catastrophic incident.
  • militia extremist  - group or person who facilitate or engage in acts of unlawful violence directed at federal, state, or local government officials or infrastructure in response to their belief that the government deliberately is stripping Americans of their freedoms and is attempting to establish a totalitarian regime consequently oppose many federal and state authorities’ laws and regulations, (particularly those related to firearms ownership), and often belong to armed paramilitary groups.
  • mine  - explosive munition designed to be placed under, on or near the ground or other surface area and to be actuated by the presence, proximity or contact of an individual , land vehicle, aircraft or boat, including landing craft.
  • miner  - any individual working in a coal or other mine.
  • mineral resources  - all nonliving natural nonrenewable resources, including fossil fuels, minerals, whether metallic or nonmetallic, but does not include ice, water, or snow.
  • minimum safe freeboard  - the freeboard that the Secretary decides cannot be reduced safely without limiting the operation of the vessel. DOT/ Maritim e
  • missile  - self-propelled munition whose trajectory or course is controlled while in flight.
  • mission activity  - high-level task or step performed in producing and delivering products and services within a group of similar missions carried out by DHS Components to achieve the aims of the mission areas, in coordination with partners across the homeland security operations enterprise includes categories that DHS
  • mission area  - basis for all operational activities includes groups of business functions that support one or more lines of business functions or sub-sets of functions.
  • mission assignment  - The mechanism used to support Federal operations in a Stafford Act major disaster or emergency declaration. It orders immediate, short-term emergency response assistance when an applicable State or local government is overwhelmed by the event and lacks the capability to perform, or contract for, the necessary work. See also Pre-Scripted Mission Assignment. Also called MA./ FEMA
  • mission assignment  - The vehicle used by the Department of Homeland Security/ Emergency Preparedness and Response/ Federal Emergency Management Agency to support federal operations in a Stafford Act major disaster or emergency declaration that orders immediate, short-term emergency response assistance when an applicable state or local government is overwhelmed by the event and lacks the capability to perform, or contract for, the necessary work.
  • mission assignment  - a work order issued to a Federal agency by the Agency, directing completion by that agency of a specified task and setting forth funding, other managerial controls, and guidance.
  • mission assurance  - The process carried out at a facility or designated organization to identify CIKR, the assets that support essential functions, and to ensure readiness to respond to threats to those assets. The Department also uses the term Emergency Management as a synonym
  • mission capability  - ability of DHS and its Components to effectively execute their assigned missions.
  • mission consequence  - effect of an incident, event, operation, or occurrence on the ability of an organization or group to meet a strategic objective or perform a function.
  • mission critical personnel  - category of essential personnel that are employees occupying positions and performing functions that must be maintained under all circumstances to ensure the safety and security of the Nation and its citizens.
  • mission essential function  - function that enables an organization to provide vital services, exercise civil authority, maintain the safety of the public, and sustain the industrial/ economic base during disruption of normal operations includes the following categories: 1. Emergency Operating Function 2. Legal and Financial Rights Function 3. Essential Operation Function DHS
  • mission essential functions  - Those U.S. Government functions that must be performed to support or implement the performance of PMEFs before, during, and after an emergency. MEFs are identified from the activities performed by the Departments bureaus and offices. Also called MEF
  • mission need statement  - core DHS document that provides a high-level description of the mission need, whether from a current or impending gap, based on business-case planning is a communication vehicle between users and providers/ developers, and between the program and DHS Headquarters (HQ) to provide a strategic framework for acquisition planning and capability delivery.
  • mission need  - statement of capabilities required by DHS or its stakeholders/ partners to accomplish the mission.
  • mission support services  - functions managed by the DHS Chief Readiness Support Officer, including the Department-wide responsibility for leading, governing, integrating, managing and capital planning for all aspects of the following mission support services business line functions throughout DHS: asset management (real property, personal property , aviation, motor vehicle fleet, marine vessels); logistics; mail management and surety; sustainability (environmental planning, environmental management, energy DHS
  • mission-essential infrastructure  - This infrastructure consists of the Department's core network communication array designed to share data with posts and annexes around the world. This array or backbone includes the networking and telecommunication systems within Main State, the Beltsville Communications Center, and all other facilities, annexes, and posts that relay or bridge communications directly between two or more facilities. The MEI within the Department serves to support the Department's mission-essential business processes that consist of telecommunications (i.e., OpenNet, ClassNet, and voice systems), mainframe operations and access controls, and official and unofficial messaging. Also called MEI
  • mission  - principal component of strategic goal setting the organizational purpose and directed objective that shape actions and activities to be executed includes roles, responsibilities, and associated tasks.
  • mitigation measure  - specific action to eliminate, reduce or control an adverse effect includes restitution for damages through replacement, restoration or compensation.
  • mitigation  - Activities providing a critical foundation in the effort to reduce the loss of life and property from natural and/ or manmade disasters by avoiding or lessening the impact of a disaster and providing value to the public by creating safer communities. Mitigation seeks to fix the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage. These activities or actions, in most cases, will have a long-term sustained effect./ FEMA
  • mitigation  - ongoing and sustained action that eliminates or reduces the potential effects of hazards.
  • mobile health station  - a health care unit that — (A) is constructed, maintained, and capable of being transported within a semi-trailer truck or similar vehicle; (B) is equipped for the provision of 1 or more specialty health care services; and (C) can be equipped to be docked to a stationary health care facility when appropriate.
  • mobile offshore drilling unit  - a vessel capable of engaging in drilling operations for the exploration or exploitation of subsea resources. DOT/ Maritim e
  • mobilization  - The process and procedures used by all organizations—Federal, State, tribal, and local—for activating, assembling, and transporting all resources that have been requested to respond to or support an incident./ FEMA
  • mobilization  - any activity in which one firefighting organization assists another that has requested assistance.
  • moderate risk position  - position that has the potential for moderate to serious impact on the integrity and efficiency of the federal service.
  • modern shipbuilding technology  - the best available proven technology, techniques, and processes appropriate DOT/ Maritim
  • modular component health care facility  - a health care facility that is constructed — (1) off-site using prefabricated component units for subsequent transport to the destination location; and (2) represents 1 a more economical method for provision of health care facility 2 than a traditionally constructed health care building.
  • modular component health care facility  - a health care facility that is constructed — (1) off-site using prefabricated component units for subsequent transport to the destination location; and (2) represents 1 a more economical method for provision of health care facility 2 than a traditionally constructed health care building. DOI
  • monitor  - to acquire, identify, or scan, or to possess, information that is stored on, processed by, or transiting an information system.
  • monitoring station  - facility that receives signals from electronic premises security systems and has personnel in attendance at all times to respond to these signals.
  • monitoring  - Reveals whether desired results are occurring and whether Development Objective (DO) outcomes are on track. It addresses the "what" of performance. Performance monitoring uses preselected indicators to measure progress toward planned results at every level of the Results Framework continuously throughout the life of an AO
  • mortar munition  - complete munition, comprised of projectile and propellant system, to be fired from the mortar projectile normally comprises fuse, body filled with high explosives (HE) or other filling, obturator, and tail assembly.
  • motor vessel  - a vessel propelled by machinery other than steam to make it clear that these vessels are not steam vessels. DOT/ Maritim e
  • motor vessel  - a vessel propelled by machinery other than steam. DOT/ Maritim e
  • multihazard advisory map  - a map on which hazard data concerning each type of natural disaster is identified simultaneously for the purpose of showing areas of hazard overlap
  • multijurisdictional incident  - An incident requiring action from multiple agencies that each have jurisdiction to manage certain aspects of the incident. In the Incident Command System, these incidents will be managed under Unified Command./ FEMA
  • multiple use  - the management of the public lands and their various resource values so that they are utilized in the combination that will best meet the present and future needs of the American people; making the most judicious use of the land for some or all of these resources or related services over areas large enough to provide sufficient latitude for periodic adjustments in use to conform to changing needs and conditions; the use of some land for less than all of the resources; a combination of balanced and diverse resource uses DOI
  • multiple use  - the management of the public lands and their various resource values so that they are utilized in the combination that will best meet the present and future needs of the American people; making the most judicious use of the land for some or all of these resources or related services over areas large enough to provide sufficient latitude for periodic adjustments in use to conform to changing needs and conditions; the use of some land for less than all of the resources; a combination of balanced and diverse resource uses that takes into account the long-term needs of future generations for renewable and nonrenewable resources, including, but not limited to, recreation, range, timber, minerals, watershed, wildlife and fish, and natural scenic, scientific and historical values; and harmonious and coordinated management of the various resources without permanent impairment of the productivity of the land and the quality of the environment with consideration being given to the relative values of the resources and not necessarily to the combination of uses that will give the greatest economic return or the greatest unit output.
  • mutual aid and assistance agreement  - Written or oral agreement between and among agencies/ organizations and/ or jurisdictions that provides a mechanism to quickly obtain emergency assistance in the form of personnel, equipment, materials, and other associated services. The primary objective is to facilitate rapid, short-term deployment of emergency support prior to, during, and/ or after an incident./ FEMA
  • named storm  - any organized weather system with a defined surface circulation and maximum winds of not less than 39 miles per hour which the National Hurricane Center of the United States National Weather Service names as a tropical storm or a hurricane
  • national continuity coordinator  - President's Assistant for Homeland Security and Counter Terrorism responsible for policy coordination.
  • national counterintelligence executive  - United States Government official who provides effective leadership and support to the counterintelligence and security activities of the United States Intelligence Community, the United States Government, and United States private sector entities who are at risk of intelligence collection or attack by foreign adversaries.
  • national defense strategy  - A document approved by the Secretary of Defense for applying the Armed Forces of the United States in coordination with Department of Defense agencies and other instruments of national power to achieve national security strategy objectives. Also called NDS. DOD
  • national defense  - programs for military and energy production or construction, military or critical infrastructure assistance to any foreign nation, homeland security, stockpiling, space, and any directly related activity. Such term includes emergency preparedness activities conducted pursuant to title VI of The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act and critical infrastructure protection and restoration. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • national defense  - programs for military and energy production or construction, military or critical infrastructure assistance to any foreign nation, homeland security, stockpiling, space, and any directly related activity. Such term includes emergency preparedness activities conducted pursuant to title VI of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, and critical infrastructure protection and restoration. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • national defense  - the needs of, and the planning and preparedness to meet, essential defense, industrial, and military emergency energy requirements relative to the national safety, welfare, and economy, particularly resulting from foreign military or economic actions.
  • national development strategy  - any strategy to achieve market-driven economic growth and eliminate extreme poverty that has been developed by the government of the country in consultation with a wide variety of civic participation, including nongovernmental organizations, private and voluntary organizations, academia, women's and student organizations, local trade and labor unions, and the business community. DOS
  • national emergency  - A condition declared by the President or the Congress by virtue of powers previously vested in them that authorize certain emergency actions to be undertaken in the national interest. See also mobilization.
  • national emergency  - a general declaration of emergency with respect to the national defense made by the President or by the Congress. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • national essential function  - overarching responsibilities of the Federal Government to lead and sustain the Nation and will be the primary focus of the Federal Government’s leadership during and in the aftermath of an emergency requires the support of continuity of operations (COOP) and Continuity of Government capabilities.
  • national essential functions  - Those functions and overarching responsibilities of the Federal Government that the President and national leadership will focus on to lead and sustain the nation during a catastrophic emergency and that must be supported through continuity capabilities. Also called NEF
  • national essential functions  - that subset of Government Functions that are necessary to lead and sustain the Nation during a catastrophic emergency and that, therefore, must be supported through COOP and COG capabilities. Also called NEF. White House
  • national essential functions  - that subset of Government functions that are necessary to lead and sustain the Nation during a catastrophic emergency. White House
  • national health security  - A state in which the nation and its people are prepared for, protected from, and resilient in the face of health threats or incidents with potentially negative health consequences. DHHS
  • national health security  - A state in which the nation and its people are prepared for, protected from, and resilient in the face of incidents with health consequences. DHHS
  • national intelligence estimate  - A strategic estimate of the capabilities, vulnerabilities, and probable courses of action of foreign nations produced at the national level as a composite of the views of the intelligence community. Also called NIE.
  • national intelligence function  - collection, gathering, processing, analysis, production, or dissemination of National intelligence, the primary purpose of which is to provide National intelligence to the President, the Vice-President, the members of the National Security Council, the Director of National Intelligence, or elements of the Intelligence Community outside the Department.
  • national intelligence  - All intelligence, regardless of the source from which derived, and including that which is gathered within or outside of the United States, that pertains to more than one agency, and involves (1) threats to the United States, its people, property, or interests, (2) the development, proliferation, or use of DOD
  • national intelligence  - intelligence, regardless of the source from which derived and including information gathered within or outside the United States, that (1) pertains to more than one U.S. government agency; and (2) that involves (i) threats to the U.S., its people, property, or interests; (ii) the development, proliferation, or use of weapons of mass destruction; or (iii) any other matter bearing on U.S. national or homeland security.
  • national network of fusion centers  - decentralized, self-organizing national asset composed of designated state and major area fusion centers.
  • national planning scenarios  - Planning tools that represent a minimum number of credible scenarios depicting the range of potential terrorist attacks and natural disasters and related impacts facing our Nation. They form a basis for coordinated Federal planning, training, and exercises./ FEMA
  • national preparedness  - the actions taken to plan, organize, equip, train, and exercise to build and sustain the capabilities necessary to prevent, protect against, mitigate the effects of, respond to, and recover from those threats that pose the greatest risk to the security of the Nation . White House
  • national security official  - person employed by, assigned or detailed to, or acting for an element of the Intelligence Community, or member of a federal department or agency, or foreign government entity possessing a counterterrorism function.
  • national security purpose  - national intelligence (including foreign intelligence and counterintelligence ) function when information is shared with the Intelligence Community or a counterterrorism purpose when information is shared with the Intelligence Community, other federal departments or agencies, or foreign DHS
  • national security  - comprehensive program of integrated policies and procedures for the Departments, agencies, and functions of the United States Government aimed at protecting the territory, population, infrastructure, institutions, values, and global interests of the Nation.
  • national security  - the national defense, foreign relations, or economic interests of the United States.
  • national special security event  - major event deemed by the Department of Homeland Security to be at risk of terrorist or criminal activity due to the anticipated attendance by dignitaries, the size of the event, and/ or the significance of the event per Presidential Policy Directive - 22, an event may be designated national special security event (NSSE) when it warrants the full protective, incident management and counterterrorism capabilities of the Federal Government.
  • national system for geospatial intelligence  - The combination of technology, policies, capabilities, doctrine, activities, people, data, and organizations necessary to produce geospatial intelligence in an integrated, multi-intelligence environment. Also called NSG.
  • national transportation security incident  - transportation security incident that occurs under, in, on or adjacent to geographic areas subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, and is declared to be an Incident of National Significance (INS), in accordance with the criteria set out in the NRP and HSPD-5.
  • national vessel movement center  - centralized facility for processing Notice of Arrivals for ships entering United States ports operated by the U.S. Coast GuardNVMC personnel collect and screen information on the vessel’s arrival, cargo and crew/ passenger information, information and is entered into the Ship Arrival Notification System (SANS) database.
  • national virtual pointer system  - U.S. Department of Justice system that provides federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies with access to pointer databases through a single point of entry to determine whether any other law enforcement entity is focused on the same investigative target.
  • national-level risk assessment  - product or process that collects information on issues of significant national concern and assigns values to risks for the purpose of informing national priorities, developing or DHS
  • national  - a person owing permanent allegiance to a state.
  • nationwide suspicious activity reporting initiative  - collaborative effort to provide law enforcement with another tool to help prevent terrorism and other related criminal activity by establishing a national capacity for gathering, documenting, processing, analyzing, and sharing Suspicious Activity Reporting information effort led by the Department of Justice, in partnership with the Department of Homeland Security, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and state, local, tribal, and territorial law enforcement partners.
  • native vegetation  - those plant species, communities, or vegetative associations which are endemic to a given area and which would normally be identified with a healthy and productive range condition occurring as a result of the natural vegetative process of the area.
  • natural disaster  - An emergency situation posing significant danger to life and property that results from a natural cause. See also domestic emergencies.
  • natural disaster  - any hurricane, tornado, storm, flood, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, drought, fire, or other catastrophe in any part of the United States which causes, or which may cause, substantial damage or injury to civilian property or persons
  • natural disaster  - any natural or weather-related event that results in flooding or damage, including earthquakes, hurricanes, volcanoes, tornadoes, and wildfires and fires in the primary residence of an employee
  • natural disaster  - plant disease, insect infestation, drought, fire, freeze, flood, earthquake, lightning, or other DHS
  • natural disaster  - plant disease, insect infestation, drought, fire, freeze, flood, earthquake, lightning, or other occurrence, as determined by the Secretary.
  • natural hazard  - source of harm or difficulty created by a meteorological, environmental, or geological phenomenon or combination of phenomena.
  • naturalization  - the conferring of nationality of a state upon a person after birth, by any means whatsoever.
  • nautical school vessel  - a vessel that can be a privately owned and operated as well as a publicly owned and operated school vessel. DOT/ Maritim e
  • nautical school vessel  - a vessel that can be a privately owned and operated as well as a publicly owned and operated school vessel. DOT/ Maritime
  • navigable waters of the United States  - waters of the United States, including the territorial sea. DOT/ Maritim e
  • navigable waters  - those parts of streams or other bodies of water over which Congress has jurisdiction under its authority to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the several States, and which either in their natural or improved condition notwithstanding interruptions between the navigable parts of such streams or DOI
  • navigable waters  - those parts of streams or other bodies of water over which Congress has jurisdiction under its authority to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the several States, and which either in their natural or improved condition notwithstanding interruptions between the navigable parts of such streams or waters by falls, shallows, or rapids compelling land carriage, are used or suitable for use for the transportation of persons or property in interstate or foreign commerce, including therein all such DOI
  • navigable waters  - those parts of streams or other bodies of water over which Congress has jurisdiction under its authority to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the several States, and which either in their natural or improved condition notwithstanding interruptions between the navigable parts of such streams or waters by falls, shallows, or rapids compelling land carriage, are used or suitable for use for the transportation of persons or property in interstate or foreign commerce, including therein all such interrupting falls, shallows, or rapids, together with such other parts of streams as shall have been authorized by Congress for improvement by the United States or shall have been recommended to Congress for such improvement after investigation under its authority.
  • necessary level of protection  - degree of security determined to be needed to mitigate the assessed risks at the facility.
  • need for access  - determination that an individual requires access to a particular area, level of classified information, or a particular category of special nuclear materials in order to perform or assist in a lawful and authorized function.
  • need-to-know  - determination made by an authorized holder of classified information that a prospective recipient requires access to specific classified information in order to perform or assist in a lawful and authorized governmental function.
  • net assessment  - multidisciplinary strategic assessment process used to provide a comparative evaluation of the balance of strengths and weaknesses of adversaries.
  • new United Nations peacekeeping operation  - any existing or otherwise ongoing United Nations peacekeeping operation- (A) where the authorized force strength is to be expanded; (B) that is to be authorized to operate in a country in which it was not previously authorized to operate; or (C) the mandate of which is to be changed so that the operation would be engaged in significant additional or significantly different functions. DOS
  • non-Service health care practitioner  – a practitioner who is not — (A) an employee of the Service; or (B) an employee of an Indian tribe or tribal organization operating a contract or compact under the Indian Self- Determination and Education Assistance Act or an individual who provides health care services pursuant to a personal services contract with such Indian tribe or tribal organization.
  • non-adaptive risk  - category of risk that includes threats caused by natural and technological hazards.
  • non-critical sensitive position  - Position that has the potential for serious damage to the national security.
  • non-electric initiator  - initiator whose functioning is started by non-electric means.
  • non-federal project entity  - a State, regional, or local authority, Indian tribe or tribal organization, or other qualifying entity, such as a water conservation district, water conservancy district, or rural water district or association.
  • non-governmental organization  - entity with an association that is based on interests of its members, persons, or institutions that has no statutory ties with a government it is not created by a government agency, but it DHS
  • non-homeland security missions  - the following missions of the Coast Guard: (A) Marine safety.
(B) Search and rescue.
(C) Aids to navigation. (D) Living marine resources (fisheries law enforcement). (E) Marine environmental protection.
(F) Ice operations.
  • non-lethal weapon  - weapon explicitly designed and primarily employed so as to incapacitate personnel or material, while minimizing fatalities, permanent injury to personnel, and undesired damage to property and the environment intended to have one, or both, of the following characteristics: (1) have relatively reversible effects on personnel or materiel. (2) affect objects differently within their area of influence.
  • non-magnetic attachment improvised explosive device employment  - improvised explosive device (IED ) employment in which the device is attached to the target using non-magnetic means.
  • non-nuclear-weapon state  - any country which is not a nuclear-weapon state, as defined Ded by Article IX (3 ) of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, signed at Washington, London, and Moscow on July 1, 1968. DOS
  • non-suicide improvised explosive device employment  - improvised explosive device (IED) employment in which the insurgent/ terrorist does not intentionally kill himself/ herself as part of the attack.
  • noncombatant evacuation operation  - An operation whereby noncombatant evacuees are evacuated from a threatened area abroad, which includes areas facing actual or potential danger from natural or manmade disaster, civil unrest, imminent or actual terrorist activities, hostilities, and similar circumstances, that is carried out with the assistance of the Department of Defense. Also called NEO. See also evacuation; noncombatant evacuees; operation; safe haven.
  • noncombatant evacuees  - 1. United States citizens who may be ordered to evacuate by competent authority, and who are civilian employees of all agencies of the United States Government and their dependents, excepting dependents who are residents in the country concerned of their own volition; military personnel of the Armed Forces of the United States specifically designated for evacuation as noncombatants; and dependents DOD
  • nondegradation standard  - the level of measures required to adequately protect, and prevent degradation of, 1 or more natural resources, as determined by the Secretary in accordance with the quality criteria described in handbooks of the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
  • nongovernmental organization  - A private, self-governing, nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing an objective or objectives such as alleviating human suffering; promoting education, health care, economic development, environmental protection, human rights, and conflict resolution; and encouraging the establishment of democratic institutions and civil society. Some people use the term international nongovernmental organization (INGO) to differentiate those organizations that transcend national boundaries from local NGOs. Also known as private voluntary organizations, civic associations, nonprofits, and charitable organizations. Also called NGO
  • nongovernmental organization  - A private, self-governing, not-for-profit organization dedicated to alleviating human suffering; and/ or promoting education, health care, economic development, environmental protection, human rights, and conflict resolution; and/ or encouraging the establishment of democratic institutions and civil society. Also called NGO.
  • nongovernmental organization  - An entity with an association that is based on interests of its members, individuals, or institutions. It is not created by a government, but it may work cooperatively with government. Such organizations serve a public purpose, not a private benefit. Examples of NGOs include faith-based charity organizations and the American Red Cross. NGOs, including voluntary and faith-based groups, provide relief services to sustain life, reduce physical and emotional distress, and promote the recovery of disaster victims. Often these groups provide specialized services that help individuals with disabilities. NGOs and voluntary organizations play a major role in assisting emergency managers before, during, and after an emergency. Also called NGO./ FEMA
  • nongovernmental organization  - an organization that works at the local level to solve development problems in a foreign country in which the organization is located, except that the term does not include an organization USDA
  • nongovernmental organization  - an organization that works at the local level to solve development problems in a foreign country in which the organization is located, except that the term does not include an organization that is primarily an agency or instrumentality of the government of the foreign country.
  • nonimmigrant visa  - a visa properly issued to an alien as an eligible nonimmigrant by a competent officer as provided in this chapter.
  • nonindigenous species  - any species or other viable biological material that enters an ecosystem beyond its historic range, including any such organism transferred from one country into another.
  • nonprofit organization  - an incorporated or unincorporated entity that — (A) is operating for religious, charitable, or educational purposes; and (B) does not provide net earnings to, or operate in any other manner that inures to the benefit of, any officer, employee, or shareholder of the entity. DOD/ DOJ
  • nonprofit organization  - an incorporated or unincorporated entity that—
(A) is operating for religious, charitable, or educational purposes; and
(B) does not provide net earnings to, or operate in any other manner that inures to the benefit of, any officer, employee, or shareholder of the entity. DOD/ DOJ
  • nonprofit organization  - any corporation, trust, association, cooperative, or other organization that- (A) is operated primarily for scientific, educational, service, charitable, or similar purposes in the public interest; (B) is not organized primarily for profit; and (C) uses net proceeds to maintain, improve, or expand the operations of the organization. Treasur y
  • nonprofit organization  - any organization exempt from tax (but only with respect to a trade or business carried on by such organization which is not an unrelated trade or business.
  • nonproliferation  - Actions to prevent the acquisition of weapons of mass destruction by dissuading or impeding access to, or distribution of, sensitive technologies, material, and expertise. See also counterproliferation.
  • nonresident importer  - an importer who is- (A) an individual who is not a citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United States; or (B) a partnership, corporation, or other commercial entity that is not organized under the laws of a jurisdiction within the customs territory of the United States or in the Virgin Islands of the United States.
  • northern border  - the international border between the United States and Canada.
  • nuclear improvised explosive device enhancement  - complete assembly, which in its intended ultimate configuration is capable of producing a nuclear reaction and release of energy that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED).
  • nuclear incident response team  - a resource that includes- (1) those entities of the Department of Energy that perform nuclear or radiological emergency support functions (including accident response, search response, advisory, and technical operations functions), radiation exposure functions at the medical assistance facility known as the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/ Training Site (REAC/ TS), radiological assistance functions, and related functions; and (2) those entities of the Environmental Protection Agency that perform such support functions (including radiological emergency response functions) and related functions.
  • nuclear incident  - An unexpected incident involving a nuclear weapon, facility, or component, but not constituting a nuclear weapon(s) accident, resulting in any of the following: a. an increase in the possibility of explosion or radioactive contamination; b. errors committed in the assembly, testing, loading, or transportation of equipment, and/ or the malfunctioning of equipment and materiel which could lead to an unintentional operation of all or part of the weapon arming and/ or firing sequence, or which could lead to a substantial change in yield, or increased dud probability; and c. any act of God, unfavorable environment, or condition resulting in damage to the weapon, facility, or component.
  • nuclear material  - metals uranium, plutonium, and thorium, in any form.
  • objective  - Something that one's efforts or actions are intended to attain or accomplish; purpose; goal
  • obligation  - a loan or other debt obligation that is guaranteed.
  • obligee  - the holder of an obligation. DOT/ Maritim e
  • obligor  - a party primarily liable for payment of the principal of or interest on an obligation. DOT/ Maritim e
  • obstacle creation improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) used to create an obstacle to impede movement or channel movement into a desired location, possibly as part of a complex attack or ambush.
  • occupant emergency plan  - short-term emergency response plan establishing procedures for evacuating buildings or sheltering-in-place to safeguard lives and property.
  • occupied territory  - Territory under the authority and effective control of a belligerent armed force and not being administered pursuant to peace terms, treaty, or other agreement, express or implied, with the civil authority of the territory.
  • ocean thermal energy conversion facility or plantship  - an at-sea facility or vessel, whether mobile, floating unmoored, moored, or standing on the seabed, that uses temperature differences in ocean water to produce electricity or another form of energy capable of being used directly to perform work, and includes- (A) equipment installed on the facility or vessel to use the electricity or other form of energy to produce, process, refine, or manufacture a product; (B) a cable or pipeline used to deliver the electricity, freshwater, or product to shore; and (C) other associated equipment and appurtenances of the facility or vessel to the extent they are located seaward of the high water mark. DOT/ Maritim e
  • oceanographic research vessel  - a vessel employed in oceanography or limnology research or instruction. It is defined because this type of vessel, while not inspected and certified as such, is subject to a number of special statutory and regulatory requirements. DOT/ Maritim e
  • oceanographic research vessel  - a vessel that the Secretary finds is being employed only in instruction in oceanography or limnology, or both, or only in oceanographic or limnological research, including studies about the sea such as seismic, gravity meter, and magnetic exploration and other marine geophysical or geological surveys, atmospheric research, and biological research. DOT/ Maritime
  • offensive counterair attack operations  - Offensive action by any part of the joint force in support of the offensive counterair mission against surface targets which contribute to the enemy’s air and missile DOD
  • offensive counterair attack operations  - Offensive action by any part of the joint force in support of the offensive counterair mission against surface targets which contribute to the enemy’s air and missile capabilities. Also called OCA attack operations. See also counterair; offensive counterair.
  • offensive counterintelligence operation  - A counterintelligence activity conducted to support Department of Defense and national intelligence, operational, and contingency requirements, using a formally-recruited asset or notional persona, to develop information on, and provide information, materials, or equipment to, a foreign intelligence entity to penetrate the foreign intelligence entity or exploit, disrupt, or manipulate the target in order to counter terrorism, espionage, or other clandestine intelligence activities that threaten DOD
  • offensive counterintelligence operation  - A counterintelligence activity conducted to support Department of Defense and national intelligence, operational, and contingency requirements, using a formally-recruited asset or notional persona, to develop information on, and provide information, materials, or equipment to, a foreign intelligence entity to penetrate the foreign intelligence entity or exploit, disrupt, or manipulate the target in order to counter terrorism, espionage, or other clandestine intelligence activities that threaten the security of the Department of Defense or the United States. Also called OFCO.
  • offensive cyberspace operations  - Cyberspace operations intended to project power by the application of force in or through cyberspace. Also called OCO.
  • officer of the customs and/ or customs officer  - any officer of the United States Customs Service of the Treasury Department (also hereinafter referred to as the Customs Service) or any commissioned, warrant, or petty officer of the Coast Guard, or any agent or other person, including foreign law enforcement officers, authorized by law or designated by the Secretary of the Treasury to perform any duties of an officer of the Customs Service.
  • officer of the customs  - any officer of the Customs Service or any commissioned, warrant, or petty officer of the Coast Guard, or agent or other person authorized by law or by the Secretary of the Treasury, or appointed in writing by a collector, to perform the duties of an officer of the Customs Service.
  • officer  - The ICS title for the personnel responsible for the Command Staff positions of Safety, Liaison, and Public Information./ FEMA
  • offset agreement  - an agreement, arrangement, or understanding between a United States supplier of defense articles or defense services and a foreign country under which the supplier agrees to purchase or acquire, or to promote the purchase or acquisition by other United States persons of, goods or services produced, manufactured, grown, or extracted, in whole or in part, in that foreign country in consideration for the purchase by the foreign country of defense articles or defense services from the supplier. DOS
  • offset  - the entire range of industrial and commercial benefits provided to foreign governments as an inducement or condition to purchase military goods or services, including benefits such as coproduction, licensed production, subcontracting, technology transfer, in-country procurement, marketing and financial assistance, and joint ventures. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • offsets  - compensation practices required as a condition of purchase in either government-to-government or commercial sales of defense articles and/ or defense services as defined in the Arms Export Control Act, and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • offshore facility  - any facility of any kind located in, on, or under any of the navigable waters of the United States, and any facility of any kind which is subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and is located in, on, or under any other waters, other than a vessel or a public vessel.
  • offshore supply vessel  - a class of vessel that is limited by tonnage and its employment in the mineral and oil industry and while so employed it is not a small passenger vessel. DOT/ Maritime
  • oil spill response vessel  - a vessel that is designated in its certificate of inspection as such a vessel, or that is adapted to respond to a discharge of oil or a hazardous material. DOT/ Maritim e
  • oil spill response vessel  - a vessel that is designated in its certificate of inspection as such a vessel, or that is adapted to respond to a discharge of oil or a hazardous material. DOT/ Maritime
  • oil  - oil of any type or in any form, including petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, oil refuse, and oil mixed with wastes except dredged spoil. DOT/ Maritim e
  • oil  - oil of any type or in any form, including petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, oil refuse, and oil mixed with wastes except dredged spoil. DOT/ Maritime
  • oil  - oil of any type, in any form, or in any mixture. This is the definitions that originated with marine environment and pollution laws and continues the definitions that was adopted by port and tanker safety DOT/ Maritim
  • oil  - oil of any type, in any form, or in any mixture. This is the definitions that originated with marine environment and pollution laws and continues the definitions that was adopted by port and tanker safety DOT/ Maritime
  • oil  - oil of any type, in any form, or in any mixture. This is the definitions that originated with marine environment and pollution laws and continues the definitions that was adopted by port and tanker safety laws. DOT/ Maritime
  • omni-directional effect  - aspect of main charge configuration where the explosion is omni-directional and expands in all directions.
  • open enforcement action  - enforcement action for which a formal, written notice has been issued but is not yet closed.
  • open source information  - unclassified information that has been published or broadcast in some manner to the general public, could lawfully be seen or heard by a casual observer, is made available at a meeting open to the public, or is obtained by visiting any place or attending any event that is open to the public.
  • open-source information  - Information that any member of the public could lawfully obtain by request or observation as well as other unclassified information that has limited public distribution or access.
  • open-source intelligence  - Relevant information derived from the systematic collection, processing, and analysis of publicly available information in response to known or anticipated intelligence requirements. Also called OSINT. See also intelligence.
  • operating requirements  - requirements deriving from the operational environment of the system, the operational functions which must be performed to execute the mission, and the interoperability requirements necessary to complete each mission area described in the Concept of Operations.
  • operation under chapter VII of the charter of the United Nations  - any military operation to maintain or restore international peace and security that- (A) is authorized by the United Nations Security Council under chapter VI or VII of the charter of the United Nations; and (B) is paid for from assessed contributions of United Nations members that are made available for peacekeeping or peace enforcement activities. DOS
  • operation  - 1. A sequence of tactical actions with a common purpose or unifying theme. 2. A military action or the carrying out of a strategic, operational, tactical, service, training, or administrative military mission.
  • operation  - 1. A sequence of tactical actions with a common purpose or unifying theme. 2. A military action or the carrying out of a strategic, operational, tactical, service, training, or administrative military mission. DOD
  • operation  - any or all undertakings appropriate for management, operation, services, maintenance, security DOD/ DOJ
  • operation  - any plant, equipment, facility, position, employment opportunity, production
  • operational control  - The authority to perform those functions of command over subordinate forces involving organizing and employing commands and forces, assigning tasks, designating objectives, and giving authoritative direction necessary to accomplish the mission. Also called OPCON. See also combatant command; combatant command (command authority); tactical control.
  • operational control  - the prevention of all unlawful entries into the United States, including entries by terrorists, other unlawful aliens, instruments of terrorism, narcotics, and other contraband.
  • operational decontamination  - Decontamination carried out by an individual and/ or a unit, restricted to specific parts of operationally essential equipment, materiel and/ or working areas, in order to minimize contact and transfer hazards and to sustain operations. See also decontamination; immediate decontamination; thorough decontamination.
  • operational readiness  - the capability of an organization, an asset, a system, or equipment to perform the missions or functions for which it is organized or designed.
  • operational risk  - risk that has the potential to impede the successful execution of operations.
  • operational test and evaluation  - field test, performed under realistic conditions by actual users against realistic threats to determine the operational effectiveness and suitability of a system, and the corresponding evaluation of the data resulting from such test.
  • operations Section- (1) Incident Command  - Responsible for all tactical incident operations and implementation of the Incident Action Plan. In the Incident Command System, it normally includes subordinate Branches, Divisions, and/ or Groups. (2) Joint Field Office - Coordinates operational support with on-scene incident management efforts. Branches, divisions, and groups may be added or deleted as required, depending on the nature of the incident. The Operations Section is also responsible for coordinating with other Federal facilities that may be established to support incident management activities./ FEMA
  • operations and support special access program  - special access program established primarily to protect the planning for, execution of, and support to especially sensitive operations.
  • operations coordination  - actions and activities that enable senior strategic-level decision makers to determine appropriate courses of action and to provide oversight for complex operations to achieve unity of effort and effective outcomes.
  • operations security  - process of identifying critical information and analyzing friendly actions attendant to homeland security operations and other activities includes: 1) identifying those actions that can be observed by adversary intelligence systems, 2) determining indicators and vulnerabilities that adversary intelligence systems might obtain that could be interpreted or pieced together to derive critical information in time to be useful to adversaries and determine which of these represents an unacceptable risk, and 3) selecting and executing countermeasures that eliminate or deduce an unacceptable level the risks to DHS
  • operations, maintenance, and replacement costs  - all costs for the operation of a rural water supply project that are necessary for the safe, efficient, and continued functioning of the project to produce the benefits described in a feasibility study.
  • operations/ watch center  - center responsible for operational level coordination, synchronization, and guidance of near term analysis, planning and execution.
  • order of deportation  - the order of the special inquiry officer, or other such administrative officer to whom the Attorney General has delegated the responsibility for determining whether an alien is deportable, concluding that the alien is deportable or ordering deportation. (B) The order described under subparagraph (A) shall become final upon the earlier of-(i) a determination by the Board of Immigration Appeals affirming such order; or(ii) the expiration of the period in which the alien is permitted to seek review of such order by the Board of Immigration Appeals.
  • organization  - any conservancy district, irrigation district, water users' association, or other organization, which is organized under State law and which has capacity to enter into contracts with the United States pursuant to the Federal reclamation laws.
  • organizational camp  - a public or semipublic camp that — (A) is developed on National Forest System lands by a nonprofit organization or governmental entity; (B) provides a valuable service to the public by using such lands as a setting to introduce young people or individuals with a disability to activities that they may not otherwise experience and to educate them on natural resource issues; and (C) does not have as its primary purpose raising revenue through commercial activities.
  • original classification authority  - person authorized in writing to classify information in the first instance authorization provided either by the President, the Vice President, or by agency heads or other officials designated by the President.
  • original classification  - initial determination that information requires protection against unauthorized disclosure.
  • other senior officials  - Representatives of other Federal departments and agencies; State, tribal, or local governments; and the private sector or nongovernmental organizations who may participate in a Unified Coordination Group./ FEMA
  • outbreak  - same definition as epidemic but is often used for a more limited geographic area. USAID
  • outcrop  - any place where a formation is visible or substantially exposed at the surface.
  • outcrop  - any place where a formation is visible or substantially exposed at the surface. DOI
  • outer continental shelf facility  - an offshore facility which is located, in whole or in part, on the Outer Continental Shelf and is or was used for one or more of the following purposes: exploring for, drilling for, producing, storing, handling, transferring, processing, or transporting oil produced from the Outer Continental Shelf.
  • overhead improvised explosive device emplacement  - improvised explosive device (IED) emplaced above the intended target, i.e., hanging from an overpass, on a roof, etc.
  • overseas contingency operation  - a military operation outside the United States and its territories and possessions that is a contingency operation. DOS
  • pandemic and all-hazards preparedness reauthorization act  - Law signed in March 2013 to reauthorize certain programs under the Public Health Service Act and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act with respect to public health security and all-hazards and to amend those acts. Authorizes funding for certain public health and medical preparedness programs; amends the Public Health Service Act to enable the Secretary to authorize state health departments and tribes to temporarily reassign personnel funded under Public Health Service Act programs to respond to a federally declared public health emergency in their jurisdiction; authorizes funding for buying medical countermeasures under Project BioShield; increases the flexibility to support advanced research and development of medical countermeasures; increases flexibility to authorize emergency use of unapproved products and unapproved uses of approved products. DHHS
  • parent  - step-parents and parents by adoption, parents-in-law, and any person who for more than three years prior to the death of the deceased employee stood in the place of a parent to him, if dependent on the injured employee.
  • participant  - a state, customs territory, or regional economic integration organization identified by the Secretary of State.
  • participating program  - a levee safety program developed by a State or Indian tribe that includes the minimum components necessary for recognition by the Secretary.
  • partner government  - a government with which the United States is working to provide assistance to combat HIV/ AIDS, tuberculosis, or malaria on behalf of people living within the jurisdiction of such government. DOS
  • passenger for hire  - a passenger for whom consideration is contributed as a condition of carriage on the vessel, whether directly or indirectly flowing to the owner, charterer, operator, agent, or any other person having an interest in the vessel. DOT/ Maritim e
  • passenger transportation system  - an entity or entities organized to provide passenger transportation using vehicles, including the infrastructure used to provide such transportation.
  • passive infrared switch  - switch that detects movement of a heat source when the change in ambient temperature is detected, the sensor acts as a trigger to initiate the improvised explosive device.
  • passive investment  - an investment in which neither the investor nor any affiliate of the investor is involved in, or has the power to be involved in, the formulation, determination, or direction of any activity or function concerning the management, use, or operation of the asset that is the subject of the investment. DOT/ Maritim e
  • passive sensor  - detecting device that detects some type of energy emitted by the target of interest or the change of a natural field caused by the target.
  • passport  - any travel document issued by competent authority showing the bearer's origin, identity, and nationality if any, which is valid for the admission of the bearer into a foreign country.
  • pattern analysis  - identifying trends in activities or behaviors using prior actions and activities.
  • peace building  - Stability actions, predominately diplomatic and economic, that strengthen and rebuild governmental infrastructure and institutions in order to avoid a relapse into conflict. Also called PB. See also peace enforcement; peacekeeping; peacemaking; peace operations.
  • peace enforcement  - Application of military force, or the threat of its use, normally pursuant to international authorization, to compel compliance with resolutions or sanctions designed to maintain or restore peace and order. See also peace building; peacekeeping; peacemaking; peace operations.
  • peace operations  - A broad term that encompasses multiagency and multinational crisis response and limited contingency operations involving all instruments of national power with military missions to contain conflict, redress the peace, and shape the environment to support reconciliation and rebuilding and facilitate the transition to legitimate governance. Also called PO. See also peace building; peace enforcement; peacekeeping; and peacemaking.
  • peacekeeping force  - those personnel assigned to a force engaged in a peacekeeping operation authorized by the United Nations Security Council.
  • peacekeeping  - Military operations undertaken with the consent of all major parties to a dispute, designed to monitor and facilitate implementation of an agreement (cease fire, truce, or other such agreement) and support diplomatic efforts to reach a long-term political settlement. See also peace building; peace enforcement; peacemaking; peace operations.
  • peacemaking  - The process of diplomacy, mediation, negotiation, or other forms of peaceful settlements that arranges an end to a dispute and resolves issues that led to it. See also peace building; peace enforcement; peacekeeping; peace operations.
  • percussion initiator  - device that serves as an igniting element usually initiated by mechanical means.
  • persistently monitor  - collection strategy that emphasizes the ability of some collection systems to linger on demand in an area to detect, locate, characterize, identify, track, target,, in near or real-time.
  • person-borne improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) worn by an individual , either willing or unwilling, such as a vest, belt, backpack, etc., in which the person houses the whole improvised explosive device (IED) or principle improvised explosive device (IED) components and/ or serves as the delivery or concealment means for explosives with an initiating device.
  • person  - an individual, firm, corporation, association, and a partnership.
  • person  - any individual; any public or private corporation, partnership, or other association or entity (including any sea grant college, sea grant institute or other institution); or any State, political subdivision of a State, or agency or officer thereof.
  • person  - any private person or entity, or any officer, employee, agent, department, agency, or instrumentality of the Federal Government, of any State or local unit of government, or of any foreign government.
  • personal emergency response system  - a device: (1) that can be activated by an individual who is experiencing a medical emergency to notify appropriate emergency medical personnel that the individual is experiencing a medical emergency; and (2) that provides the individual's location through a Global Positioning System indicator. DVA
  • personal identity verification card  - approved United States Federal Executive Branch (FEB) smart card that contains the necessary data for the cardholder to be granted access to federal facilities and information systems assures appropriate levels of security for all applicable Federal applications, as well as multi- factor authentication, digital signature, and encryption capabilities.
  • personally identifiable information  - information that permits the identity of an individual to be directly or indirectly inferred, including other information that is linked or linkable to an individual includes, but is not limited to, U.S. citizens, legal permanent residents, visitors to the U.S., and Department employers and contractors.
  • personnel security operation  - security discipline concerned with the assessment of the loyalty, reliability, and trustworthiness of individuals for initial and continued eligibility for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive positions.
  • petitioning spouse  - the spouse of a qualifying marriage, other than the alien.
  • phase zero  - Encompasses all activities prior to the beginning of Phase I (deter/ engage) of a military campaign- that is, everything that can be done to prevent conflicts from developing in the first place. Executed properly, Phase Zero consists of shaping operations that are continuous and adaptive. Its ultimate goal is to promote stability and peace by building capacity in partner nations that enables them to be cooperative, trained, and prepared to help prevent or limit conflicts. For the United States, this approach is typically non- kinetic and places heavy emphasis on interagency support and coordination. In many instances, Phase Zero involves execution of a broad national strategy where the Department of Defense (DOD) is not the lead agency and its programs are only one part of the larger U.S. Government effort. DOS/ USAID
  • physical inspection  - manual examination or search, with or without assisting detection technologies, to resolve anomalies, to confirm adherence to standards or compliance with laws, or to detect threats for passengers and cargo, includes cavity search on passenger, pat-down, visual inspection, devanning of containers, etc.
  • physical security  - portion of internal security that is concerned with physical measures designed to safeguard personnel; prevent unauthorized access to equipment, facilities, material, and documents; and defend then against espionage, sabotage, damage, and theft.
  • piracy  - war-like act committed by non-state actors (private parties not affiliated with any government) against parties of a different nationality, or against vessels of their own nationality at sea, and especially acts of robbery and/ or criminal violence at sea.
  • placement  - the placement of an unaccompanied alien child in either a detention facility or an alternative to such a facility.
  • planning phase  - first phase of the Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution (PPBE) process which encompasses an extended strategic planning period and a near to mid-term operational planning period.
  • planning section- (1) Incident Command  - Section responsible for the collection, evaluation, and dissemination of operational information related to the incident, and for the preparation and documentation of the Incident Action Plan. This Section also maintains information on the current and forecasted situation and on the status of resources assigned to the incident. (2) Joint Field Office - Section that collects, evaluates, disseminates, and uses information regarding the threat or incident and the status of Federal resources. The Planning Section prepares and documents Federal support actions and develops unified action, contingency, long-term, and other plans./ FEMA
  • planning  - Organizations must develop, document, periodically update, and implement security plans for organizational information systems that describe the security controls in place or planned for the information systems and the rules of behavior for individuals accessing the information systems. Also called PL
  • planning  - The process to identify appropriate results, develop approaches to reach them, assign needed resources, organize to achieve results, and identify the means to measure progress
  • planning  - process of developing, maintaining, exercising, executing, and updating a plan includes the formation of goals, policies, objectives, or end states with corresponding actions and procedures for a course of action or strategy for their achievement.
  • plastic explosive  - malleable or flexible explosive at room temperature.
  • platter charge  - explosive used to propel a metal plate towards a target in a manner where the plate forms a type of penetrator.
  • plunger switch  - switch utilizing a shaft where application of pressure on the head of the device will force the shaft downward, functioning the improvised explosive device.
  • policy directive  - document that has a narrower focus than a DHS Directive, are only for time-sensitive actions and only when time constraints prevent publishing or updating a DHS Directive, to briefly and broadly articulate DHS policies, missions, programs, or activities of a continuing nature that are required or authorized by statute, rulemaking, the President, or the Secretary to initiate, govern or regulate actions or conduct by DHS Components, officers and employees issued by the Under Secretary for Management for matters that do not require direct oversight by the Secretary or Deputy Secretary.
  • policy  - any individual contract for whole, endowment, universal, or term life insurance (other than group term life insurance coverage), including any benefit in the nature of such insurance arising out of membership in any fraternal or beneficial association which — (A) provides that the insurer may not—
(i) decrease the amount of coverage or require the payment of an additional amount as premiums if the insured engages in military service (except increases in premiums in individual term insurance based upon age); or (ii) limit or restrict coverage for any activity required by military service; and (B) is in force not less than 180 days before the date of the insured's entry into military service and at the time of application under this subchapter. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • policy  - directive body of rules intended to influence decisions and actions.
  • political activities  - any activity that the person engaging in believes will, or that the person intends to, in any way influence any agency or official of the Government of the United States or any section of the public within the United States with reference to formulating, adopting, or changing the domestic or foreign policies of the United States or with reference to the political or public interests, policies, or relations of a government of a foreign country or a foreign political party. DOS
  • political-military  - Refers to the broad discipline of integrating diplomacy with military power to foster a stable and secure international environment; generally applied at the strategic/ global level. Also called POL-MIL
  • pollution  - the man-made or man-induced alteration of the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological integrity of water.
  • ports and waterways safety system  - national transportation system that collects, processes, and disseminates information on the marine operating environment and maritime vessel traffic in major U.S. ports and waterways.
  • position sensor  - detection device that indicates whether a portal is open or closed.
  • post-storm assessment  - a scientific assessment produced and certified by the Administrator to determine the magnitude, timing, and spatial variations of winds, rainfall, and storm surges associated with a specific named storm to be used in the COASTAL Formula.
  • postal improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) introduced or delivered through a postal system.
  • potentially responsible party  - entity that may be required to clean up a polluted site because the entity 1 ) owns or operates on the site, 2) arranged for the disposal of a hazardous substance on the site, 3) transported a hazardous substance to the site, or 4) contributed in any other way to contaminating the site.
  • powers of self-government  - and includes all governmental powers possessed by an Indian tribe, executive, legislative, and judicial, and all offices, bodies, and tribunals by and through which they are executed, including courts of Indian offenses; and means the inherent power of Indian tribes, hereby recognized and affirmed, to exercise criminal jurisdiction over all Indians.
  • pre-positioned resources  - Resources moved to an area near the expected incident site in response to anticipated resource needs./ FEMA
  • pre-scripted mission assignment  - A mechanism used by the Federal Government to facilitate rapid Federal resource response. Pre-scripted mission assignments identify resources or capabilities that Federal departments and agencies, through various Emergency Support Functions (ESFs), are commonly called DHS/ FEMA
  • preliminary mission need statement  - document that describes the Component’s need in detail, including any DHS
  • preparedness  - Actions that involve a combination of planning, resources, training, exercising, and organizing to build, sustain, and improve operational capabilities. Preparedness is the process of identifying the personnel, training, and equipment needed for a wide range of potential incidents, and developing jurisdiction-specific plans for delivering capabilities when needed for an incident./ FEMA
  • preparedness  - activities necessary to build, sustain, and improve readiness capabilities to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from natural or man-made incidents activities and measures designed or undertaken to prepare for or minimize the effects of a natural or man-made hazard upon the civilian population, to deal with the immediate emergency conditions that would be created by the hazard, and to effectuate emergency repairs to, or the emergency restoration of, vital utilities and facilities destroyed or damaged by the hazard; is a continuous operationally focused process for establishing guidelines, protocols, and standards for planning, training and exercises, personnel qualification and certification, equipment certification, and publication management.
  • pressure release switch  - method for activating a device that occurs as a result of reductions in pressure such devices may employ mechanical, pneumatic, or hydraulic systems to signal a detonator that a vehicle or person has released pressure to a pressure plate or similar mechanism DHS
  • pressure switch  - method for activating a device that occurs when an object is used to complete a circuit when pressure is applied in a predetermined direction.
  • prevention of WMD proliferation and terrorism  - activities under — (A) the programs specified in the National Defense Authorization Act 1997 ; (B) the programs for which appropriations are authorized by the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003; (C) programs authorized by Title 22 and programs authorized ; and (D) a program of any agency of the Federal Government having a purpose similar to that of any of the programs identified in subparagraphs (A) through (C), as designated by the United States Coordinator for the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism and the head of the agency. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • prevention of WMD proliferation and terrorism  - activities under—
(A) the programs specified in the National Defense Authorization Act 1997 ; 
 the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003; (C) programs authorized by Title 22 and programs authorized ; and (D) a program of any agency of the Federal Government having a purpose similar to that of any of the programs identified in subparagraphs (A) through (C), as designated by the United States Coordinator for the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism and the head of the agency. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • prevention  - Actions to avoid an incident or to intervene to stop an incident from occurring. Prevention involves actions to protect lives and property. It involves applying intelligence and other information to a range of activities that may include such countermeasures as deterrence operations; heightened inspections; improved surveillance and security operations; investigations to determine the full nature and source of the threat; public health and agricultural surveillance and testing processes; immunizations, isolation, or quarantine; and, as appropriate, specific law enforcement operations aimed at deterring, preempting, interdicting, or disrupting illegal activity and apprehending potential perpetrators and bringing them to justice./ FEMA
  • prevention  - actions taken and measures put in place for the continual assessment and readiness of necessary actions to reduce risk of threats and vulnerabilities, to intervene and stop an occurrence, or to mitigate effects involves prescribed actions and measures put in place to impede the success of a natural or man- made disaster from adversely affecting the safety, security, or continuity of the Nation, critical infrastructures its citizens, and citizen’s civil rights or civil liberties.
  • prevention  - any activity undertaken to avoid, prevent, or stop a threatened or actual act of terrorism.
  • prevention  - those capabilities necessary to avoid, prevent, or stop a threatened or actual act of terrorism. Prevention capabilities include, but are not limited to, information sharing and warning; domestic counterterrorism; and preventing the acquisition or use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) . For purposes of the prevention framework called for in this directive, the term prevention refers to preventing imminent threats. White House
  • preventive health services - (A) periodic medical and dental exams; (B) patient health education (including nutrition education); (C) maintenance of drug use profiles, patient drug monitoring, and drug utilization education; (D) mental health preventive services; (E) substance abuse prevention measures; (F) immunizations against infectious disease; (G) prevention of musculoskeletal deformity or other gradually developing disabilities of a metabolic or degenerative nature; (H) genetic counseling concerning inheritance of genetically determined diseases; (I) routine vision testing and eye care services; (J) periodic reexamination of members of likely target populations (high-risk groups) for selected diseases and for functional decline of sensory organs, together with attendant appropriate remedial intervention; and (K) such other health-care services as the Secretary may determine to be necessary to provide effective and economical preventive health care. DVA
  • preventive maintenance  - The care and servicing by personnel for the purpose of maintaining equipment and facilities in satisfactory operating condition by providing for systematic inspection, detection, and correction of incipient failures either before they occur or before they develop into major defects.
  • preventive medicine  - The anticipation, communication, prediction, identification, prevention, education, risk assessment, and control of communicable diseases, illnesses and exposure to endemic, occupational, and environmental threats. Also called PVNTMED.
  • primacy of improvised explosive devices  - identifying enemy use of improvised explosive devices as a primary, secondary or tertiary form of attack, independent of intended outcome.
  • primary agency  - See Emergency Support Function (ESF) Primary Agency./ FEMA
  • primary energy source  - the fuel or fuels used for the generation of electric energy, except that such term does not include, as determined under rules prescribed by the Commission, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy — (i) the minimum amounts of fuel required for ignition, startup, testing, flame stabilization, and control uses, and (ii) the minimum amounts of fuel required to alleviate or prevent — (I) unanticipated equipment outages, and (II) emergencies, directly affecting the public health, safety, or welfare, which would result from electric power outages.
  • primary energy source  - the fuel or fuels used for the generation of electric energy, except that such term does not include, as determined under rules prescribed by the Commission, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy — (i) the minimum amounts of fuel required for ignition, startup, testing, flame stabilization, and control uses, and (ii) the minimum amounts of fuel required to alleviate or prevent—
(I) unanticipated equipment outages, and
(II) emergencies, directly affecting the public health, safety, or welfare, which would result from electric power outages.
  • primary fusion center  - fusion center designated by a state's Governor as the primary fusion center within that state.
  • primary improvised explosive device  - first of two or more improvised explosive devices (IED)s encountered or initiated.
  • primary mission essential function  - function that needs to be continuously performed during an event or resumed within 12 hours of an event, and that need to be maintained for up to 30 day after an event or until normal operations can be resumed.
  • primary mission essential functions  - Those department and agency essential functions, validated by the NCC, which must be accomplished to support the performance of NEFs before, during, and after an emergency. PMEFs must be available within 12 hours of an emergency and sustainable for 30 days, or until operations can be resumed at either the original location or a new one. These activities include formulation and implementation of foreign policy; maintenance of diplomatic and consular relations, and essential consular functions; reporting and advising on relevant conditions overseas; and supporting other cabinet departments and agencies (e.g., Defense, Treasury, Commerce, and Justice). Also called PMEF
  • primary mission essential functions  - those Government Functions that must be performed in order to support or implement the performance of NEFs before, during, and in the aftermath of an emergency. Also called PMEF. White House
  • primary mission essential functions  - those Government functions that must be performed in order to support or implement the performance of the national essential functions before, during, and in the aftermath of an emergency. White House
  • principal Deputy Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis  - senior officer responsible for making waiver determinations in consultation with the Associate General Counsel for Intelligence.
  • principal or major use  - domestic livestock grazing, fish and wildlife development and utilization, mineral exploration and production, rights-of-way, outdoor recreation, and timber production.
  • priority intelligence requirement  - organization’s stated intelligence need identifying its analytic, collection, DHS
  • privacy act statement  - statement required when federal departments and agencies collect personally identifiable information (PII) from members of the public, including from state and local partners, which are entered into a System of Records DHS
  • privacy compliance documentation  - document required by statute or by the Chief Privacy Officer that supports compliance with DHS privacy policy, procedures, or requirements includes but not limited to: Privacy Impact Assessments (PIAs), System of Records Notices (SORNs), Notices of Proposed Rulemaking for Exemption from certain aspects of the Privacy Act (NPRM), and Final Rules for Exemption from certain aspects of the Privacy Act.
  • privacy compliance review  - DHS Privacy Office process to be followed and documentation designed to provide a constructive mechanism to improve a DHS program’s ability to comply with assurances made in existing Privacy Compliance Documentation includes: Privacy Impact Assessments (PIAs), System of Records Notices (SORNs), and/ or formal agreements such as Memoranda of Understanding or Memoranda of Agreement.
  • privacy impact assessment  - DHS Privacy Office process to be followed and the document required whenever an information technology (IT) system, technology, rulemaking, program, pilot project, or other activity involves the planned use of personally identifiable information (PII) or otherwise impacts the privacy of individuals as determined by the Chief Privacy Officer examines how the Department has incorporated privacy concerns throughout the development, design, and deployment of a technology.
  • privacy incident  - loss of control, compromise, unauthorized disclosure, unauthorized acquisition, unauthorized access, or any similar situation in which persons other than authorized users, and for an other than authorized purpose, have access or potential access to personally identifiable information (PII) in usable form, whether physical or electronic.
  • privacy office  - Department of Homeland Security Support Component that ensures that the use of technologies sustain, and do not erode, privacy protections relating to the use, collection, and disclosure of personal information.
  • privacy risk  - risk associated with the vulnerability of information collected on persons or of vulnerability of proprietary information on businesses.
  • privacy threshold analysis  - DHS Privacy Office process to be followed and the document used to identify information technology (IT) systems, technologies, rulemakings, programs, or pilot projects that involve PII and other activities that otherwise impact the privacy of persons as determined by the Chief Privacy Officer, and to assess whether there is a need for additional Privacy Compliance Documentation used to determine whether the degree to which a system handles or processes PII raises privacy concerns sufficient to warrant a full privacy impact assessment (PIA).
  • private entity  - a State, tribal, or local government performing utility services, such as electric, natural gas, or water services.
  • private responder  - a nongovernmental entity or individual that is carrying out an oil spill removal activity at DHS
  • private sector  - An umbrella term that may be applied to any or all of the nonpublic or commercial individuals and businesses, specified nonprofit organizations, most of academia and other scholastic institutions, and selected nongovernmental organizations.
  • private sector  - Organizations and entities that are not part of any governmental structure. The private sector includes for-profit and not-for-profit organizations, formal and informal structures, commerce, and industry./ FEMA
  • private sector  - all persons or entities in the United States, including individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, and educational and nonprofit institutions, but shall not include State, local, or tribal governments. Congres s
  • private sector  - all persons or entities in the United States, including individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, and educational and nonprofit institutions, but shall not include State, local, or tribal governments. Congress
  • private sector  - entities and persons, including for-profit and non-profit, which are not part of any government includes individuals, sole proprietorships, partnerships, associations, and corporations, private voluntary organizations and non-public educational institutions, as well as all other nonprofit institutions.
  • private sector  - persons outside government who are critically involved in ensuring that public and private preparedness and response efforts are integrated as part of the Nation's Critical Infrastructure or Key Resources (CIKR), including:(1) corporate owners and operators determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security to be part of the CIKR; (2) subject matter experts selected to assist the Federal or State CIKR; (3) personnel serving in specific leadership positions of CIKR coordination, operations, and oversight; (4) employees of corporate entities relating to the protection of CIKR; or (5) other persons not otherwise ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • private sector  - persons outside government who are critically involved in ensuring that public and private preparedness and response efforts are integrated as part of the Nation's Critical Infrastructure or Key Resources (CIKR), including:(1) corporate owners and operators determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security to be part of the CIKR; (2) subject matter experts selected to assist the Federal or State CIKR;
(3) personnel serving in specific leadership positions of CIKR coordination, operations, and oversight; (4) employees of corporate entities relating to the protection of CIKR; or
(5) other persons not otherwise eligible for the granting of a personnel security clearance pursuant to Executive Order 12829, as amended, who are determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security to require a personnel security clearance. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • private voluntary organization  - a not-for-profit entity that- (A) engages in and supports activities of an economic or social development or humanitarian nature for citizens in foreign countries; and (B) is incorporated as such under the laws of the United States, including any of its states, territories or the District of Columbia, or of a foreign country
  • private voluntary organization  - a not-for-profit, nongovernmental organization (in the case of a United States organization, an organization that is exempt from Federal income taxes that receives funds from private sources, voluntary contributions of money, staff time, or in-kind support from the public, and that is engaged in or is planning to engage in voluntary, charitable, or development assistance activities (other than USDA
  • private voluntary organization  - a not-for-profit, nongovernmental organization (in the case of a United States organization, an organization that is exempt from Federal income taxes that receives funds from private sources, voluntary contributions of money, staff time, or in-kind support from the public, and that is engaged in or is planning to engage in voluntary, charitable, or development assistance activities (other than religious activities).
  • probabilistic risk assessment  - type of quantitative risk assessment that considers possible combinations of occurrences with associated consequences, each with an associated probability or probability distribution.
  • probability mathematical  - numerical value between 0 and 1 assigned to a random event (which is a subset of the sample space) in such a way that the assigned number obeys three axioms: (1) the probability of the random event “A” must be equal to, or lie between 0 and 1, (2) the probability that the outcome is within the sample space must equal 1, and (3) the probability that the random event “A” or “B” occurs must equal the probability of the random event “A” plus the probability of the random event “B” for any two mutually exclusive events.
  • probable  - likely but not certain to be or become true or real.
  • problem  - matter or situation regarded as unwelcome or harmful and needing to be dealt with and overcome.
  • product carrier  - a tanker engaged in the trade of carrying oil except crude oil. DOT/ Maritim e
  • product carrier  - a tanker that is engaged in carrying oil. This definition of tanker means that it is a self- propelled vessel. A tank barge carrying oil products is a tank vessel but is not subject to the special standards or requirements for a product carrier. DOT/ Maritim e
  • production  - those activities which take place after the successful completion of any means for the removal of minerals, including such removal, field operations, transfer of minerals to shore, operation monitoring, maintenance, and work-over drilling.
  • program security officer  - person that is responsible for executing special access program security responsibilities for a specific special access program, compartment, sub-compartment, project and/ or geographical region appointed in writing by the cognizant security authority.
  • project contract unit  - a project or any substantial area of a project which is covered or is proposed to be covered by a repayment contract. On any project where two or more repayment contracts in part cover the same area and in part different areas, the area covered by each such repayment contract shall be a separate project contract unit. On any project where there are either two or more repayment contracts on a single project contract unit or two or more project contract units, the repayment contracts or project contract units may be merged by agreements in form satisfactory to the Secretary.
  • project costs  - the cost of acquisition 1 or construction of all facilities and services and the cost of acquisition of all land and interests in land used in the design and construction and operation of a small hydroelectric power project.
  • project works  - the physical structures of a project.
  • project  - any reclamation or irrigation project, including incidental features thereof, authorized by Federal reclamation law, or constructed by the United States pursuant to such law, or in connection with which there is a repayment or water service contract executed by the United States pursuant to such law, or any project constructed by the Secretary through the Bureau of Reclamation for the reclamation of lands.
  • project  - complete unit of improvement or development, consisting of a power house, all water conduits, all dams and appurtenant works and structures (including navigation structures) which are a part of said unit, and all storage, diverting, or forebay reservoirs directly connected therewith, the primary line or lines transmitting power therefrom to the point of junction with the distribution system or with the interconnected primary transmission system, all miscellaneous structures used and useful in connection with said unit or any part thereof, and all water-rights, rights-of-way, ditches, dams, reservoirs, lands, or DOI
  • project  - complete unit of improvement or development, consisting of a power house, all water conduits, all dams and appurtenant works and structures (including navigation structures) which are a part of said unit, and all storage, diverting, or forebay reservoirs directly connected therewith, the primary line or lines transmitting power therefrom to the point of junction with the distribution system or with the interconnected primary transmission system, all miscellaneous structures used and useful in connection with said unit or any part thereof, and all water-rights, rights-of-way, ditches, dams, reservoirs, lands, or interest in lands the use and occupancy of which are necessary or appropriate in the maintenance and operation of such unit.
  • projected improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) delivers the main charge through the air to its target.
  • projectile  - object, projected by an applied exterior force and continuing in motion by virtue of its own inertia projectiles can have a variety of fillers including explosives or chemicals.
  • proof of citizenship  - Proof of citizenship as a Certificate of Naturalization or Citizenship, Consular Report of Birth of a U.S. Citizen Abroad, or a valid U.S. passport
  • propellant  - explosive material that normally functions by burning to produce a controlled release of gasses used for propulsion purposes.
  • prospecting  - any activity, including logistic support, the purpose of which is the identification of mineral resource potential for possible exploration and development.
  • prospective special access program  - Department program or activity for which enhanced security measures have been proposed and approved to facilitate security protections prior to establishing the effort as a DHS
  • prostitution  - engaging in promiscuous sexual intercourse for hire. A conviction is not necessary for a finding that an applicant engaged in prostitution. However, a finding that someone has engaged in prostitution must be based a regular pattern of prostitution for financial gain not casual or isolated acts. An individual can be found inadmissible under INA for engaging in prostitution, in a jurisdiction where prostitution is not illegal, so long as it involves is a regular pattern of prostitution for financial gain. INA would not apply to a John or someone who hired a prostitute
  • protected area  - premises, or area within a protected premise, that is provided with means to prevent an unwanted incident.
  • protection  - 1. Preservation of the effectiveness and survivability of mission-related military and nonmilitary personnel, equipment, facilities, information, and infrastructure deployed or located within or outside the boundaries of a given operational area. 2. In space usage, active and passive defensive measures to ensure that United States and friendly space systems perform as designed by seeking to overcome an adversary’s attempts to negate them and to minimize damage if negation is attempted. See also mission- oriented protective posture; space control.
  • protection  - 1. Preservation of the effectiveness and survivability of mission-related military and nonmilitary personnel, equipment, facilities, information, and infrastructure deployed or located within or outside the boundaries of a given operational area. 2. In space usage, active and passive defensive measures to ensure that United States and friendly space systems perform as designed by seeking to overcome an adversary’s attempts to negate them and to minimize damage if negation is attempted. See also mission-oriented protective posture; space control.
  • protection  - actions or measures taken to cover or shield from exposure, injury, or destruction includes such actions and measures needed to ensure protective reactions do not unnecessarily interfere with citizen’s freedoms and liberties.
  • protective action  - step taken before, during, or after an incident designed to prevent, minimize, or contain impact of incident methods for selecting the best actions within the time constraints of a fast-moving emergency; measures describe preparations taken before an emergency situation to ensure implementation is possible during an emergency; includes decision-making and implementation issues to rapidly reduce the effects of an emergency situation or contamination.
  • protective security officer  - person that is a member of a facility security force and an element of a security post who has the training, equipment, and appropriate certifications to perform a specific security function.
  • provincial reconstruction team  - A civil-military team designed to improve stability in a given area by helping build the legitimacy and effectiveness of a host nation local or provincial government in providing security to its citizens and delivering essential government services. Also called PRT.
  • proxy bomber  - person (unwitting or coerced) who acts as a means of delivery of an IED (suicide bomber).
  • psychological consequence  - effect of an incident, event, or occurrence on the mental or emotional state of persons or groups resulting in a change in perception and/ or behavior.
  • public diplomacy  - 1. Those overt international public information activities of the United States Government designed to promote United States foreign policy objectives by seeking to understand, inform, and influence foreign audiences and opinion makers, and by broadening the dialogue between American citizens and institutions and their counterparts abroad. 2. In peace building, civilian agency efforts to promote an understanding of the reconstruction efforts, rule of law, and civic responsibility through public affairs and international public diplomacy operations.
  • public diplomacy  - Programs, policies, and actions supporting the achievement of U.S. foreign policy goals and objectives, advancing national interests, and enhancing national security by informing and influencing foreign publics and by expanding and strengthening the relationship between the people and government of the United States and citizens of the rest of the world. (see also Strategic Communications)
  • public health emergency of international concern  - An extraordinary event that is determined to constitute a public health risk to other states through the international spread of disease and to potentially require a coordinated international response. Also called PHEIC. DHHS
  • public health emergency of international concern  - An “extraordinary event” that is determined, as provided under the International Health Regulations, “to constitute a public health risk to other States through the international spread of disease; and to potentially require a coordinated international response” DHHS
  • public health emergency  - An infectious-disease outbreak; natural disaster; or chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear event. DHHS
  • public health  - The science and practice of protecting and improving the overall health of the community through disease prevention and early diagnosis, control of communicable diseases, health education, injury prevention, sanitation, and protection from environmental hazards.” DHHS
  • public health  - the protection, improvement and promotion of the health and safety of all people. For example, public health databases include spatial data on mortality and natality events, infectious and notifiable diseases, incident cancer cases, behavioral risk factor and tuberculosis surveillance, hazardous substance releases and health effects, hospital statistics and other similar data. White House
  • public information  - Processes, procedures, and systems for communicating timely, accurate, accessible information on an incident’s cause, size, and current situation; resources committed; and other matters of general interest to the public, responders, and additional stakeholders (both directly affected and indirectly affected)./ FEMA
  • public information  - Within public affairs, information of a military nature, the dissemination of which is consistent with security and approved for public release.
  • public information  - any information, regardless of form or format, that an agency discloses, disseminates, or makes available to the public. White House
  • public involvement  - the opportunity for participation by affected citizens in rulemaking, decision-making, and planning with respect to the public lands, including public meetings or hearings held at locations near the affected lands, or advisory mechanisms, or such other procedures as may be necessary to provide public comment in a particular instance.
  • public lands  - such lands and interest in lands owned by the United States as are subject to private appropriation and disposal under public land laws.
  • public trust position  - position, at the moderate or high risk level involving a significant degree of public trust such as policy making or major program responsibilities, fiduciary responsibility, law enforcement positions, public safety and health duties.
  • public vessel  - a governmental vessel that is not in commercial service. It should be noted that a sovereign- controlled foreign-flag vessel that is engaged in commercial service is not a public vessel and is subject to maritime safety and environment laws. DOT/ Maritim e
  • public vessel  - a governmental vessel that is not in commercial service. It should be noted that a sovereign- controlled foreign-flag vessel that is engaged in commercial service is not a public vessel and is subject to maritime safety and environment laws. DOT/ Maritime
  • public vessel  - a vessel that- (A) is owned, or demise chartered, and operated by the United States Government or a government of a foreign country; and (B) is not engaged in commercial service. DOT/ Maritim e
  • public vessel  - a vessel that- (A) is owned, or demise chartered, and operated by the United States Government or a government of a foreign country; and (B) is not engaged in commercial service. DOT/ Maritime
  • public water system  - collection, treatment, storage, or distribution facility for the provision of piped water for human consumption, provided that the system for which it exists meets these minimum criteria: 15 service connections or regular daily service for a total of 60 days per year to 25 individuals.
  • pull switch  - switch that functions when an individual applies tension to a firing mechanism – such as pulling a spring.
  • purpose of improvised explosive device  - immediate or direct tactical effect of the IED.
  • pyrotechnic delay  - pyrotechnic device added to a firing system which transmits the ignition flame after a predetermined delay.
  • pyrotechnic timing switch  - timing switch using a burning fuse with a known burn rate to start the initiation train.
  • qualified adoption agency  - any of the following:
(A) A State or local government agency which has responsibility under State or local law for child placement through adoption. (B) A nonprofit, voluntary adoption agency which is authorized by State or local law to place children for adoption. (C) Any other source authorized by a State to provide adoption placement if the adoption is supervised by a court under State or local law./ USCG
  • qualified agricultural countermeasure  - an agricultural countermeasure that the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, determines to be a priority in order to address an agricultural biosecurity threat.
  • qualified anti-terrorism technology  - any product, equipment, service (including support services), device, or technology (including information technology) designed, developed, modified, or procured for the specific purpose of preventing, detecting, identifying, or deterring acts of terrorism or limiting the harm such acts might otherwise cause, that is designated as such by the Secretary.
  • qualifying adoption expenses  - reasonable and necessary expenses that are directly related to the legal adoption of a child under 18 years of age, but only if such adoption is arranged by a qualified adoption agency. Such term does not include any expense incurred-(A) by an adopting parent for travel; or
(B) in connection with an adoption arranged in violation of Federal, State, or local law./ USCG
  • qualifying small power producer  - the owner or operator of a qualifying small power production facility.
  • qualifying small power production facility  - a small power production facility that the Commission determines, by rule, meets such requirements (including requirements respecting fuel use, fuel efficiency, and reliability) as the Commission may, by rule, prescribe.
  • qualitative risk assessment methodology  - set of methods, principles, or rules for assessing risk based on non- numerical categories or levels.
  • quantitative risk assessment methodology  - set of methods, principles, or rules for assessing risks based on the use of numbers where the meanings and proportionality of values are maintained inside and outside the context of the assessment.
  • quarantine  - prohibition or restriction on travel or passage, imposed to keep contagious diseases, or harmful chemicals/ biologicals from spreading.
  • questionable activity  - conduct related to an activity reasonably believed to constitute a violation of any applicable law, executive order, presidential or other directive, regulation, international or domestic agreement or arrangement, or applicable national or departmental policy.
  • radiation detection equipment  - any technology that is capable of detecting or identifying nuclear and radiological material or nuclear and radiological explosive devices.
  • radicalization  - process through which an individual changes from a non-violent belief system to a belief system that includes the willingness to actively advocate, facilitate, or use unlawful violence as a method to effect societal or political change.
  • radiological dispersal device  - improvised assembly or process, other than a nuclear explosive device, designed to disseminate radioactive material in order to cause destruction, damage, or injury.
  • radiological improvised explosive device enhancement  - radioactive materials that cause casualties or restrict the use of terrain when dispersed by an explosive charge that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED).
  • radiological  - emitting radiant energy in the form of particles or rays, as alpha, beta, and gamma rays, by the spontaneous disintegration of atomic nuclei usually used for peaceful purposes such as X-ray machines, but may be used in weaponry to cause harm.
  • railroad frontline employees  - security personnel, dispatchers, locomotive engineers, conductors, trainmen, other onboard employees, maintenance and maintenance support personnel, bridge tenders, and any other employees of railroad carriers that the Secretary determines should receive security training under this subchapter.
  • range condition  - the quality of the land reflected in its ability in specific vegetative areas to support various levels of productivity in accordance with range management objectives and the land use planning process, and relates to soil quality, forage values (whether seasonal or year round), wildlife habitat, watershed and plant communities, the present state of vegetation of a range site in relation to the potential plant community for that site, and the relative degree to which the kinds, proportions, and amounts of vegetation in a plant community resemble that of the desired community for that site.
  • range improvement  - any activity or program on or relating to rangelands which is designed to improve production of forage; change vegetative composition; control patterns of use; provide water; stabilize soil and water conditions; and provide habitat for livestock and wildlife. The term includes, but is not limited to, structures, treatment projects, and use of mechanical means to accomplish the desired results.
  • rangelands or public rangelands  - lands administered by the Secretary of the Interior through the Bureau of Land Management or the Secretary of Agriculture through the Forest Service in the sixteen contiguous Western States on which there is domestic livestock grazing or which the Secretary concerned determines may be suitable for domestic livestock grazing.
  • rapid response  - Reacting to current events that effect the political transition in a timely manner to widen the window of opportunity, keep that window from closing, open a new window, or some combination of the three. Since timing is critical, the response should happen in as little as days if possible
  • raw ivory  - any African elephant tusk, and any piece thereof, the surface of which, polished or unpolished, is unaltered or minimally carved.
  • raw ivory  - any African elephant tusk, and any piece thereof, the surface of which, polished or unpolished, is unaltered or minimally carved. DOI
  • readiness  - The ability of military forces to fight and meet the demands of assigned missions. See also national military strategy.
  • readiness  - condition of being prepared and capable to act or respond as required.
  • readiness  - the ability to serve Veterans and eligible beneficiaries now and on a day-to-day routine basis. DVA
  • ready reserve  - The Selected Reserve and Individual Ready Reserve liable for active duty as prescribed by law. See also active duty; Individual Ready Reserve; Selected Reserve.
  • real time crime center  - analytic-driven center located in law enforcement agencies that utilize technological and analytical capabilities to provide real-time information to officers responding to service calls and developing situations.
  • reciprocity security information  - recognition and acceptance of another federal agency’s investigation or adjudication determination that meets the national standards, barring any exception or newly developed information.
  • record of environmental consideration  - internal administrative document that records the results of the environmental planning and historic preservation (EP&HP) review for a specific proposal that is covered by a DHS categorical exclusion prepared and maintained in the environmental planning and historic preservation decision support system (EP&HP DSS).
  • record of proceedings  - official file containing documents related to an alien’s case may be created by the administrative agency reviewing an application or petition, or in removal proceedings by the immigration judge DHS
  • recordable contract  - a contract between the Secretary and a landowner in writing capable of being recorded under State law providing for the sale or disposition of lands held in excess of the ownership limitations of Federal reclamation law including this subchapter.
  • recovery and reconstitution  - 1. Those actions taken by one nation prior to, during, and following an attack by an enemy nation to minimize the effects of the attack, rehabilitate the national economy, provide for the welfare of the populace, and maximize the combat potential of remaining forces and supporting activities. 2. Those actions taken by a military force during or after operational employment to restore its combat capability to full operational readiness. See also recovery.
  • recovery and reconstitution  - 1. Those actions taken by one nation prior to, during, and following an attack by an enemy nation to minimize the effects of the attack, rehabilitate the national economy, provide for the welfare of the populace, and maximize the combat potential of remaining forces and supporting activities. 2. Those actions taken by a military force during or after operational employment to restore its combat capability to full operational readiness. See also recovery. DOD
  • recovery operations  - Operations conducted to search for, locate, identify, recover, and return isolated personnel, human remains, sensitive equipment, or items critical to national security.
  • recovery  - 1. In air (aviation) operations, that phase of a mission that involves the return of an aircraft to a land base or platform afloat. 2. The retrieval of a mine from the location where emplaced. 3. In personnel recovery, actions taken to physically gain custody of isolated personnel and return them to friendly control.
  • recovery  - The development, coordination, and execution of service- and site-restoration plans; the reconstitution of government operations and services; individual, private-sector, nongovernmental, and public-assistance programs to provide housing and to promote restoration; long-term care and treatment of affected persons; additional measures for social, political, environmental, and economic restoration; evaluation of the incident to identify lessons learned; post incident reporting; and development of initiatives to mitigate the effects of future incidents./ FEMA
  • recovery  - development, coordination, and execution of service- and site-restoration plans.
  • recovery  - those capabilities necessary to assist communities affected by an incident to recover effectively, including, but not limited to, rebuilding infrastructure systems; providing adequate interim and long-term housing for survivors; restoring health, social, and community services; promoting economic development; and restoring natural and cultural resources. White House
  • recreational vessel manufacturer  - a person engaged in the manufacturing, construction, assembly, or importation of recreational vessels, components, or associated equipment. DOT/ Maritim e
  • recreational vessel  - a class of vessel whose primary purpose is for pleasure. DOT/ Maritim e
  • recreational vessel  - a class of vessel whose primary purpose is for pleasure. DOT/ Maritime
  • recreational vessel  - a vessel-(A) being manufactured or operated primarily for pleasure; or (B) leased, rented, or chartered to another for the latter's pleasure. DOT/ Maritim e
  • recreational vessel  - a vessel-(A) being manufactured or operated primarily for pleasure; or (B) leased, rented, or chartered to another for the latter's pleasure. DOT/ Maritime
  • recruitment  - any act of recruitment, enlistment, or conscription into an armed group or armed force or any attempt or conspiracy to recruit, enlist, or conscript into an armed group or armed force, even if the relevant action occurred during peace time and the child was never involved in combat or other military activities related to combat
  • refugee  - A person who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his or her nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country. See also dislocated civilian; displaced person; evacuee; stateless person.
  • refugee  - a person outside his or her country of origin and is unwilling or unable to return because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on one of five grounds - race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. Persons who have ordered, incited, assisted, or otherwise DOS/ USAID
  • regional information sharing system  - secure national intranet to facilitate law enforcement communications and information sharing nationwide.
  • regional information sharing systems center  - center supporting regional law enforcement, public safety, and homeland security efforts to combat major crimes and terrorist activity and promote officer safety by linking federal, state, local, and tribal criminal justice agencies through secure communications and providing information-sharing resources and analytical and investigative support.
  • regionalism  - principle or system of defining a geographic area consisting of all or parts of 2 or more contiguous countries, States, counties, municipalities, or other local governmental jurisdictions or tribal entities for pooled resources or mutual-aid agreements; is also common within the collaboration of private- sector operations can be further described as a sense of common interest and identity across an extended area, involving multi-jurisdictional entities, to address areas of mutual needs and concerns.
  • relative risk  - measure of risk that represents the ratio of risks when compared to each other or a control.
  • release hazardous substance  - spilling, leaking, emitting, discharging, escaping, leaching, or disposing of a substance from a UST or AST into groundwater, surface water, or soil.
  • reliability system  - ability of a system to provide desired capability without failure, degradation, or demand on the support system includes the ability to perform required functions in routine and non-routine and/ or unexpected circumstances.
  • removal or remove  - relocation, sale, scrapping, or other method of disposal. DOT/ Maritim e
  • repayment contract  - any contract providing for payment of construction charges to the United States.
  • representative  - an officer, official, or spokesman of an organization, and any person who directs, counsels, commands, or induces an organization or its members to engage in terrorist activity.
  • request for assistance  - A request based on mission requirements and expressed in terms of desired outcome, formally asking the Department of Defense to provide assistance to a local, state, tribal, or other federal agency. Also called RFA.
  • reservations  - national forests, tribal lands embraced within Indian reservations, military reservations, and other lands and interests in lands owned by the United States, and withdrawn, reserved, or withheld from private appropriation and disposal under the public land laws; also lands and interests in lands acquired and held for any public purposes; but shall not include national monuments or national parks.
  • reserve components  - Emergency supplemental forces that consist of the Army and Air National Guards and the Army, Naval, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Reserves
  • reserved works  - any project facility at which the Secretary carries out the operation and maintenance of the project facility.
  • residence  - the place of general abode; the place of general abode of a person means his principal, actual dwelling place in fact, without regard to intent.
  • residual radiation  - Nuclear radiation caused by fallout, artificial dispersion of radioactive material, or irradiation that results from a nuclear explosion and persists longer than one minute after burst. See also contamination; initial radiation.
  • residual risk  - risk that remains after risk management measures have been implemented.
  • resilience  - The ability of an architecture to support the functions necessary for mission success with higher probability, shorter periods of reduced capability, and across a wider range of scenarios, conditions, and threats, in spite of hostile action or adverse conditions. Resilience may leverage cross-domain or alternative government, commercial, or international capabilities.
  • resilience  - ability to adapt to changing conditions and withstand and rapidly recover from disruption1) ability of systems, infrastructures, government, business, and citizenry to resist, absorb, recover from, or adapt to an adverse occurrence that may cause harm, destruction, or loss of national significance 2) capacity of an organization to recognize threats and hazards and make adjustments that will improve future protection efforts and risk reduction measures 3) due to emergencies.
  • resilience  - the ability of people, households, communities, countries, and systems to mitigate, adapt to, and recover from shocks and stresses to food security in a manner that reduces chronic vulnerability and facilitates inclusive growth. DOS
  • resilience  - the ability to adapt to changing conditions and withstand and rapidly recover from disruption due to White House
  • resilience  - the ability to adapt to changing conditions and withstand and rapidly recover from disruption due to emergencies. White House
  • resilience  - the ability to prepare for and adapt to changing conditions and withstand and recover rapidly from disruption. Resilience includes the ability to withstand and recover from deliberate attacks, accidents, or naturally occurring threats or incidents. White House
  • resilience  - the ability to prepare for and adapt to changing conditions and withstand and recover rapidly from disruptions. Resilience the ability to withstand and recover from deliberate attacks, accidents, or naturally occurring threats or incidents. White House
  • resilience  — The ability of an architecture to support the functions necessary for mission success with higher probability, shorter periods of reduced capability, and across a wider range of scenarios, conditions, and threats, in spite of hostile action or adverse conditions. Resilience may leverage cross-domain or alternative government, commercial, or international capabilities.
  • resilience  — The ability of an architecture to support the functions necessary for mission success with higher probability, shorter periods of reduced capability, and across a wider range of scenarios, conditions, and threats, in spite of hostile action or adverse conditions. Resilience may leverage cross-domain or alternative government, commercial, or international capabilities. DOD
  • resistance movement  - An organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist the DOD
  • resource allocation decision  - Secretary’s formal approval of Components’ resource allocation plans.
  • resource allocation plan  - plan that reflect systematic allocation of resources required to achieve missions, objectives, and priorities, and potential alternative methods of accomplishing them must account for long- term requirements and resources including human capital, construction and investments, operating and maintenance, and potential disposal or termination costs, and program performance goals; resource requirements reflected in resource allocation plans are translated into time-phased funding requirements.
  • resource management  - A system for identifying available resources at all jurisdictional levels to enable timely and unimpeded access to resources needed to prepare for, respond to, or recover from an incident. Resource management includes mutual aid and assistance agreements; the use of special Federal, State, tribal, and local teams; and resource mobilization protocols./ FEMA
  • resource planning guidance  - document providing instruction for that is the final output of the planning phase which serves as an authoritative statement directing homeland security policy, strategy, and resource planning consists of the following elements: resource planning priorities, policy and strategy guidance, programmatic guidance, and Winter Studies, which are issues that require additional analysis ahead of the program and budget review (PBR).
  • resources  - Personnel and major items of equipment, supplies, and facilities available or potentially available for assignment to incident operations and for which status is maintained. Under the National Incident Management System, resources are described by kind and type and may be used in operational support or supervisory capacities at an incident or at an emergency operations center./ FEMA
  • response  - Immediate actions to save lives, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs. Response also includes the execution of emergency plans and actions to support short-term recovery./ FEMA
  • response  - immediate actions to save lives, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs includes the execution of emergency plans and actions to support short-term recovery.
  • restricted area  - room, office, building, or facility to which access is strictly and tightly controlled.
  • results framework  - A planning, communications, and management tool, which conveys the development hypothesis implicit in the DO, illustrating the cause-and-effect linkages between outputs, Intermediate Results (IR), and the DO (the final result or outcome) to be achieved with the assistance provided. A Results Framework includes the IRs necessary to achieve the outcome, whether funded by USAID or its partners. It includes any critical assumptions that must hold for the development hypothesis to lead to the relevant outcome. Typically, it is laid out in graphic form supplemented by narrative. (DOS/ USAID ) DOS/ USAID
  • returning resident  - a. A Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) who has remained outside the United States for more than one year may be eligible for returning resident immigrant visa status if the consular officer is satisfied that -(1) The alien departed the United States with the intention of returning to an unrelinquished residence; and(2) The aliens stay abroad was for reasons beyond the aliens control and for which the alien was not responsible
  • revocation of eligibility for access and/ or security clearance  - adjudicative determination that an individual who had access to classified information is no longer eligible to have such access to classified information.
  • risk acceptance  - explicit or implicit decision not to take an action that would affect all or part of a particular risk.
  • risk analysis  - systematic examination of the components and characteristics of risk.
  • risk assessment methodology  - set of methods, principles, or rules used to identify and assess risks and to form priorities, develop courses of action, and inform decision-making DHS
  • risk assessment tool  - activity, item, or program that contributes to determining and evaluating risks.
  • risk assessment  - A documented review of the susceptibility of an assessable unit, program, or activity to the occurrence of fraud, waste, loss, unauthorized use, misappropriation, or susceptibility to generate significant improper payments. General reviews will focus on areas such as the existing inherent risk or vulnerability, existing general control environment and safeguards in place, and adherence to the internal control standards. The Department will employ a systematic method of reviewing all programs and activities to identify programs and activities that are susceptible to significant improper payments
  • risk avoidance  - strategies or measures taken that effectively remove exposure to a risk DHS
  • risk communication  - exchange of information with the goal of improving risk understanding, affecting risk perception and/ or equipping people or groups to act appropriately in response to an identified risk.
  • risk control  - deliberate action taken to reduce the potential for harm or maintain it at an acceptable level.
  • risk data  - information on key components of risk that are outputs of or inputs to risk assessments and risk analyses.
  • risk exposure  - contact of an asset, system, or geographic area with a potential hazard.
  • risk governance  - actors, rules, practices, processes, and mechanisms concerned with how risk is analyzed, managed, and communicated.
  • risk group infectious biological agents  - categorization of infectious biological agents based on their relative risks, using following criteria: i) pathogenicity; ii) mode of transmission and host range; iii) availability of effective preventive measures, such as vaccines; iv) availability of effective treatment, including antibiotics; and v) other factors as appropriate DHS
  • risk identification  - process of finding, recognizing, and describing potential risks3 DHS
  • risk indicator  - Definition: measure that signals the potential for an unwanted outcome as determined by qualitative or quantitative analysis.
  • risk management alternatives development  - process of systematically examining risks to develop a range of options and their anticipated effects for decision makers.
  • risk management cycle  - sequence of steps that are systematically taken and revisited to manage risk.
  • risk management methodology  - set of methods, principles, or rules used to identify, analyze, assess, and communicate risk, and mitigate, accept, or control it to an acceptable level at an acceptable cost.
  • risk management plan  - document that identifies risks and specifies the actions that have been chosen to manage those risks.
  • risk management strategy  - course of action or actions to be taken in order to manage risks proactive approach to reduce the usually negative impacts of various risks by choosing within a range of options that include complete avoidance of any risk that would cause harm or injury, accepting the risk, controlling the risk by employing risk mitigation options to reduce impacts, or transferring some or all of the risk to another entity based on a set of stated priorities.
  • risk management strategy  - the description of how an agency intends to assess risk, respond to risk, and monitor risk, making explicit and transparent the risk perceptions that organizations routinely use in making both investment and operational decisions. White House
  • risk management  - The process of identifying, assessing, and controlling risks arising from operational factors and making decisions that balance risk cost with mission benefits. Also called RM. See also risk.
  • risk management  - The total process of identifying, controlling, and mitigating IT system-related risks. It includes risk assessment; cost benefit analysis; and the selection, implementation, test, and security evaluation of security controls. This overall system security review considers both effectiveness and efficiency, including impact on the mission and constraints due to policy, regulations, and laws
  • risk management  - process of identifying, analyzing, and communicating risk and accepting, avoiding, transferring or controlling it to an acceptable level considering associated costs and benefits of any actions taken.
  • risk management  - the program and supporting processes to manage risk to agency operations (including White
  • risk management  - the systematic application, by the owner or operator of a pipeline facility, of management policies, procedures, finite resources, and practices to the tasks of identifying, analyzing, assessing, reducing, and controlling risk in order to protect employees, the general public, the environment, and pipeline facilities. DOT
  • risk matrix  - tool for ranking and displaying components of risk in an array.
  • risk mitigation option  - measure, device, policy, or course of action taken with the intent of reducing risk.
  • risk mitigation  - application of measure or measures to reduce the likelihood of an unwanted occurrence and/ or its consequences.
  • risk perception  - subjective judgment about the characteristics and/ or severity of risk.
  • risk profile  - description and/ or depiction of risks to an asset, system, network, geographic area or other entity.
  • risk reduction  - decrease in risk through risk avoidance, risk control or risk transfer.
  • risk response  - accepting, avoiding, mitigating, sharing, or transferring risk to agency operations, agency assets, individuals, other organizations, or the Nation. White House
  • risk score  - numerical result of a semi-quantitative risk assessment methodology numerical representation that gauges the combination of threat, vulnerability, and consequence at a specific moment.
  • risk tolerance  - degree to which an entity is willing to accept risk.
  • risk transfer  - action taken to manage risk that shifts some or all of the risk to another entity, asset, system, network, or geographic area.
  • risk-based decision making  - determination of a course of action predicated primarily on the assessment of risk and the expected impact of that course of action on that risk.
  • risk-informed decision making  - determination of a course of action predicated on the assessment of risk, the expected impact of that course of action on that risk, as well as other relevant factors.
  • risk  - A measure of the extent to which an entity is threatened by a potential circumstance or event, and is typically a function of- (i) the adverse impacts that would arise if the circumstance or event occurs; and (ii) the likelihood of occurrence
  • river  - a flowing body of water or estuary or a section, portion, or tributary thereof, including rivers, streams, creeks, runs, kills, rills, and small lakes.
  • roadmap  - an assessment of manufacturing interoperability requirements developed by an industry describing that industry's goals related to enterprise integration, the knowledge and standards including application protocols necessary to achieve those goals, and the necessary steps, timetable, and assignment of responsibilities for acquiring the knowledge and developing the standards and protocols. DOC
  • rock dust  - pulverized limestone, dolomite, gypsum, anhydrite, shale, adobe, or other inert material, preferably light colored, 100 per centum of which will pass through a sieve having twenty meshes per linear inch and 70 per centum or more of which will pass through a sieve having two hundred meshes per linear inch; the particles of which when wetted and dried will not cohere to form a cake which will not be dispersed into separate particles by a light blast of air; and which does not contain more than 5 per centum of combustible matter or more than a total of 4 per centum of free and combined silica (SiO2), or, where the Secretary finds that such silica concentrations are not available, which does not contain more than 5 per centum of free and combined silica.
  • root cause analysis  - method for identifying the underlying causes of why something occurred.
  • root cause  - initiating cause of a causal chain which leads to an outcome or effect of interest.
  • rules of engagement  - Directives issued by competent military authority that delineate the circumstances and limitations under which United States forces will initiate and/ or continue combat engagement with other forces encountered. Also called ROE. See also law of war.
  • rules of engagement  - Directives issued by competent military authority that delineate the circumstances and limitations under which United States forces will initiate and/ or continue combat engagement with other forces encountered. Also called ROE. See also law of war. DOD
  • rural volunteer fire department  - any organized, not for profit, fire protection organization that provides service primarily to a community or city with a population of 10,000 or less or to a rural area, as defined by the Secretary, whose firefighting personnel is 80 percent or more volunteer, and that is recognized as a fire department by the laws of the State.
  • rural volunteer fire department  - any organized, not for profit, fire protection organization that provides service primarily to a community or city with a population of 10,000 or less or to a rural area, as defined by the Secretary, whose firefighting personnel is 80 percent or more volunteer, and that is recognized as a fire department by the laws of the State. DOI
  • rural water supply project  - a project that is designed to serve a community or group of communities, each of which has a population of not more than 50,000 inhabitants, which may include Indian tribes and tribal organizations, dispersed homesites, or rural areas with domestic, industrial, municipal, and residential water.
  • sabotage  - activities that involve a violation, or that would involve such a violation if committed against the United States. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • sacred objects  - specific ceremonial objects which are needed by traditional Native American religious leaders DOI
  • sacred objects  - specific ceremonial objects which are needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American religions by their present day adherents DOI
  • safe haven  - 1. Designated area(s) to which noncombatant evacuees of the United States Government’s responsibility and commercial vehicles and materiel may be evacuated during a domestic or other valid emergency. 2. A protected body of water or the well deck of an amphibious ship used by small craft operating offshore for refuge from storms or heavy seas.
  • safe haven  - The temporary storage of a posts valuable records in the Department or a nearby post deemed appropriate until hostilities subside
  • safe haven  - The temporary storage of a posts valuable records in the Department or a nearby post deemed appropriate until hostilities subside. DOS/ USAID
  • safe-to-arm switch  - device used to arm the improvised explosive device (IED) to ensure that the emplacer can safely plant the improvised explosive device (IED) and leave the location.
  • safety, health, environmental management system  - part of an organization’s management system used to develop and implement its safety, health, environmental systems policy and manage its environmental aspects a set of interrelated elements (organizational structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, and resources) used to establish and achieve environmental performance objectives.
  • safety  - condition of being safe from undergoing or causing hurt, injury, or loss.
  • scenario mapping  - A structured strategic thinking process in which emerging issues and critical events are projected to occur over the next 3 to 6 months; each scenario presents a different projection/ forecast. The process facilitates shorter-term strategic thinking-planning around the emerging issues and critical events pertinent to political transition
  • scenic easement  - the right to control the use of land (including the air space above such land) within the authorized boundaries of a component of the wild and scenic rivers system, for the purpose of protecting the natural qualities of a designated wild, scenic or recreational river area, but such control shall not affect, without the owner's consent, any regular use exercised prior to the acquisition of the easement. For any designated wild and scenic river, the appropriate Secretary shall treat the acquisition of fee title with the reservation of regular existing uses to the owner as a scenic easement for purposes of this chapter. Such an acquisition shall not constitute fee title ownership.
  • screening  - In intelligence, the evaluation of an individual or a group of individuals to determine their potential to answer collection requirements or to identify individuals who match a predetermined source profile coupled with the process of identifying and assessing the areas of knowledge, cooperation, and possible approach techniques for an individual who has information of intelligence value.
  • screening  - a visual or automated review of information about goods, including manifest or entry documentation accompanying a shipment being imported into the United States, to determine the presence of misdeclared, restricted, or prohibited items and assess the level of threat posed by such cargo.
  • screening  - systematic examination or assessment, done especially to detect a potential threat or risk or any particular substance, attribute, person, or undesirable material includes methods that agencies use to investigate locations or geographic areas, or an applicant’s background to identify potential security risks and the degree/ extent of the investigation may vary based on access/ position requirements.
  • sea mine  - explosive device laid in the water with the intention of damaging or sinking ships or of deterring shipping from entering an area does not include devices attached to the bottom of ships or to harbor installations by personnel operating underwater.
  • search and detect sensor  - sensor which detects, measures, may indicate and/ or record objects and activities by means of energy or particles emitted, reflected, or modified by objects for the purpose of identifying IED activity.
  • search and rescue center facility  - a Coast Guard shore facility that maintains a search and rescue mission coordination and communications watch./ USCG
  • search  - manual examination with or without assisting detection technologies, to resolve anomalies, to confirm adherence to standards or compliance with laws, or to detect threats for passengers and cargo, includes cavity search on passenger, pat-down, visual inspection, devanning of containers, etc.
  • secondary improvised explosive device  - additional improvised explosive device (IED) emplaced in the target area to attack individuals or vehicles after the initial event.
  • secret classification  - information, the unauthorized disclosure of which could reasonably be expected to cause serious damage to the national security of the United States.
  • secure area information security  - area, room, group of rooms, building, or installation where classified information may be stored, used, discussed, and/ or electronically processed so designated as such by the appropriate authority.
  • secure/ security  - reducing the risk to critical infrastructure by physical means or defense cyber measures to intrusions, attacks, or the effects of natural or manmade disasters. White House
  • secure  - to gain possession of and/ or to ensure protection from unauthorized use, harm, loss or risk to reduce risk and protect information and/ or critical infrastructure from a terrorist attack, natural disaster, or other type of incident, either malicious or unintentional.
  • security assistance  - A group of programs authorized by Title 22], as amended, or other related statutes by which the United States provides defense articles, military training, and other defense-related services by grant, loan, credit, cash sales, or lease, in furtherance of national policies and objectives. State's Bureau of Political-Military Affairs (PM) develops military assistance policy and manages security assistance funding for Foreign Military Financing (FMF), International Military Education and Training (IMET), and Peacekeeping Operations (PKO). Those security assistance programs that are administered by DoD are a DOS/ USAID
  • security assistance  - Group of programs authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and the Arms Export Control Act of 1976, as amended, or other related statutes by which the United States provides defense articles, military training, and other defense-related services by grant, loan, credit, or cash sales in furtherance of national policies and objectives. Security assistance is an element of security cooperation funded and authorized by Department of State to be administered by Department of Defense/ Defense Security Cooperation Agency. Also called SA. See also security cooperation.
  • security category  - characterization of information or an information system based on an assessment of the potential impact that a loss of confidentiality, integrity, or availability of such information or information system would have on organizational operations, organizational assets, or individuals.
  • security clearance  - administrative determination made by competent authority that an individual is eligible, has a need-to-know, has been briefed, and met all of the requirements from a security standpoint for access to classified information.
  • security control  - management, operational, and technical controls (i.e., safeguards or countermeasures ) prescribed for an information system to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the system and its information.
  • security control  - the management, operational, and technical controls used to protect against an unauthorized effort to adversely affect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of an information system or its information.
  • security cooperation organization  - All Department of Defense elements located in a foreign country with assigned responsibilities for carrying out security assistance/ cooperation management functions. It includes military assistance advisory groups, military missions and groups, offices of defense and military cooperation, liaison groups, and defense attaché personnel designated to perform security assistance/ cooperation functions. Also called SCO.
  • security cooperation  - Activities undertaken by DoD to encourage and enable international partners to work with the United States to achieve strategic objectives. It includes all DoD interactions with foreign defense and security establishments, including all DoD-administered security assistance programs, that: build defense and security relationships that promote specific U.S. security interests, including all international armaments cooperation activities and security assistance activities; develop allied and friendly military capabilities for self-defense and multinational operations; and provide U.S. forces with peacetime and contingency access to host nations. Also called SC
  • security cooperation  — All Department of Defense interactions with foreign defense establishments to build defense relationships that promote specific US security interests, develop allied and friendly military capabilities for self-defense and multinational operations, and provide US forces with peacetime and contingency access to a host nation. Also called SC. See also security assistance.
  • security domain  - The environment of systems for which a unique security policy is applicable
  • security force assistance  - The DOD activities that contribute to unified action by the U.S. Government to support the development of the capacity and capability of foreign security forces and their supporting institutions. Also called SFA
  • security force assistance  - The Department of Defense activities that contribute to unified action by the US Government to support the development of the capacity and capability of foreign security forces and their supporting institutions. Also called SFA.
  • security forces  - Duly constituted military, paramilitary, police, and constabulary forces of a state.
  • security forces  - any military or paramilitary forces, any police or other law enforcement agency (including any police or other law enforcement agency at the regional or local level), and any intelligence agency of a foreign government. DOS
  • security functions  - security, law enforcement, investigations, and protective service functions
  • security guideline  - any security-related guidance that the Secretary recommends, for implementation on a voluntary basis, to enhance the security of surface transportation.
  • security infraction  - knowing, willful, or negligent action contrary to the requirements of Executive Order 12958, as amended, and its implementing directives, that does not rise to the level of a security violation.
  • security management system  - a set of guidelines that address the security assessment needs of critical infrastructure and key resources that are consistent with a set of generally accepted management standards ratified and adopted by a standards making body.
  • security professional  - functional career occupation (e.g., Chief Security Officer, Facility Security Officer, Program Security Officer, Special Security Representative, or Special Security Officer) in which the incumbent executes or manages federal government agency or industrial security programs and related security activities, ensuring compliance with government security policies, directives, and procedures.
  • security risk  - risk associated with the security/ vulnerability of systems, web sites, information and networks includes; risk of intrusions and connectivity to other (vulnerable) systems; risk associated with the evolution of credible threats; risk associated with the misuse (criminal/ fraudulent) of information; level of risk (high, medium, basic) and what aspect of security determines the level of risk (e.g., need for confidentiality of information associated with the project/ system, availability of the information or system, or reliability of the information or system).
  • security sector assistance  - The set of policies, programs and activities the U.S. uses to engage with partners and help shape their policies and actions; help partners build and sustain capacity for security, safety and justice; DOS/ USAID
  • security sector reform  - A comprehensive set of programs and activities undertaken by a host nation to improve the way it provides safety, security, and justice. Also called SSR.
  • security sector reform  - A comprehensive set of programs and activities undertaken to improve the way a host nation provides safety, security, and justice. Also called SSR.
  • security sector reform  - The set of policies, plans, programs, and activities that a government undertakes to improve the way it provides safety, security, and justice. The overall objective is to provide these services in a way that promotes an effective and legitimate public service that is transparent, accountable to civilian authority, and responsive to the needs of the public. From a donor perspective, SSR is an umbrella term that might include integrated activities in support of: defense and armed forces reform; civilian management and oversight; justice; police; corrections; intelligence reform; national security planning and strategy support; border management; disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR); and/ or reduction of armed violence. Also called SSR
  • security service  - Entity or component of a foreign government charged with responsibility for counterespionage or internal security functions.
  • security violation  - knowing, willful, or negligent action: (1) that could reasonably be expected to result in an unauthorized disclosure of classified information; (2) to classify or continue the classification of information contrary to the requirements of Executive Order 12958, as amended, and its implementing directives; and/ or (3) to create or continue a special access program contrary to the requirements of Executive Order 12958, as amended.
  • security vulnerability  - any attribute of hardware, software, process, or procedure that could enable or facilitate the defeat of a security control.
  • security-in-depth  - facility security program consisting of layered and complementary security controls sufficient to deter and detect unauthorized entry and movement within the facility includes, but is not limited to, use of perimeter fences, employee and visitor access controls, use of an intrusion detection system, random guard patrols throughout the facility during nonworking hours, closed circuit video monitoring, or other safeguards that mitigate the vulnerability of open storage areas without alarms and security storage cabinets during nonworking hours.
  • security-related technology  - any technology that assists the Administration in the prevention of, or defense against, threats to United States transportation systems, including threats to people, property, and information.
  • security  - any note, stock, treasury stock, security future, security-based swap, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in any profit-sharing agreement, collateral-trust certificate, preorganization certificate or subscription, transferable share, investment contract, voting-trust certificate, certificate of deposit for a security, fractional undivided interest in oil, gas, or other mineral rights, any put, call, straddle, option, or privilege on any security, certificate of deposit, or group or index of securities (including any interest therein or based on the value thereof), or any put, call, straddle, option, or privilege entered into on a national securities exchange relating to foreign currency, or, in general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a security, or any certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, receipt for, guarantee of, or warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing. DOC
  • security  - condition that results from the establishment and maintenance of protective measures that ensure a state of inviolability from hostile acts or influences.
  • security  - the protection of the Nation and its people, vital interests, and way of life. White House
  • security  — 1. Measures taken by a military unit, activity, or installation to protect itself against all acts designed to, or which may, impair its effectiveness. 2. A condition that results from the establishment and maintenance of protective measures that ensure a state of inviolability from hostile acts or influences. 3. With respect to classified matter, the condition that prevents unauthorized persons from having access to official information that is safeguarded in the interests of national security. See also national security.
  • semi-quantitative risk assessment methodology  - set of methods, principles, or rules to assess risk that uses bins, scales, or representative numbers whose values and meanings are not maintained in other contexts.
  • sensitive area information security  - area where sensitive information is discussed or processed on a routine basis.
  • sensitive compartmented information facility escort  - sensitive compartmented information cleared security officer or person authorized by the Special Security Officer to perform escort duties within a sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF).
  • sensitive compartmented information facility life cycle  - process of continuous monitoring and evaluation, periodic re-evaluations, and documentation review to ensure the sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF) is maintained in an accredited state.
  • sensitive compartmented information facility  - accredited area, room, group of rooms, or installation where sensitive compartment information (SCI) may be stored, used, discussed, and/ or electronically processed.
  • sensitive compartmented information  - classified information concerning, or derived from, intelligence sources and/ or methods established by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) the sensitivity of which requires that it be protected in a formal controlled environment than other classified information.
  • sensitive initiative  - highly visible or sensitive system, such as Presidential Priority initiatives, for which DHS is the managing partner; collaborative technology; changes to the DHS security architecture; web-enabled services that extend beyond a single Component, etc., that may be raised to a higher investment level.
  • sensitive location immigration  - locations specified in INA, where if an enforcement action leading to a removal proceeding was taken against an alien at any of the locations specified in the Notice to Appear (NTA) includes a statement that the provisions have been complied with. specified locations include: domestic violence shelter, rape crisis center, supervised visitation center, family justice center, a victim services, or victim services provider, or a community-based organization.
  • sensitive personally identifiable information  - personally identifiable information which, if lost, compromised, or disclosed without authorization could result in substantial harm, embarrassment, inconvenience, or unfairness to an individual some types of personally identifiable information, such as social security number (SSNs), alien registration number, and biometric identifiers, are always sensitive.
  • sensitive site  - A geographically limited area that contains, but is not limited to, adversary information systems, war crimes sites, critical government facilities, and areas suspected of containing high value targets.
  • sensitivity analysis  - process to determine how outputs of a methodology differ in response to variation of the inputs or conditions.
  • sensitivity position  - position assessment designation indicating the degree of damage an individual in the position could effect to the national security.
  • sensor classification  - categories for various types of sensors includes: a) Passive: Sensors that detect some type of energy that is emitted by the target of interest or the change of a natural field caused by the target; b) Active: Sensors that transmit some type of energy and detect a change in the received energy created by the presence of motion of the target; c) Covert: Sensors that are hidden from view. (e.g. buried sensors); d) Visible: Sensors that are in plain view of an intruder; e) Line-of-sight: Sensors that perform acceptably only when installed on flat ground with a clear line-of-sight in the detection space; f) Terrain Following: Sensors that detect equally well on flat or irregular terrain with uniform detection throughout the detection zone; g) Volumetric: Sensors that detect intrusion in a volume of space. The detection zone DHS
  • sensor defeat  - methods and technologies incorporated into the device construction and employment for the purpose of defeating detection or identification methods and friendly TTPs.
  • serious bodily injury  - injury that creates a substantial risk of death or which causes serious, permanent disfigurement or impairment.
  • service obligation  - a requirement applicable to, or the exercise of authority granted to, an electric utility under Federal, State, or local law or under long-term contracts to provide electric service to end-users or to a distribution utility.
  • service  - the Immigration and Naturalization Service of the Department of Justice.
  • severe forms of trafficking in persons  - A) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age; or (B) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery. DOS
  • sexual exploitation  - This is generally defined as coercing or otherwise involving a child to participate in a sexual act for commercial gain. The two most common examples are pornography and prostitution
  • shaped charge  - main charge configuration incorporating explosives shaped so as to concentrate its explosive force utilizing the Munroe effect in a particular direction in order to cut or penetrate (i.e. a plasma jet).
  • shelter-in-place  - taking emergency refuge within the nearest designated safe area until notification or determination that the situation has been resolved a precaution intended to keep people safe while remaining indoors where the shelter area is preferably a small interior room with no windows and may require efforts of sealing all cracks or openings with tape or other materials DHS
  • shock tube initiator  - thin, plastic tube of extruded polymer with a layer of high explosive deposited on its interior surface that propagates a detonation wave to the blasting cap DHS
  • short-term detention  - detention in a U.S. Customs and Border Protection processing center for 72 hours or less, before repatriation to a country of nationality or last habitual residence.
  • short-term recovery  - A process of recovery that is immediate and overlaps with response. It includes such actions as providing essential public health and safety services, restoring interrupted utility and other essential services, reestablishing transportation routes, and providing food and shelter for those displaced by a disaster. Although called short term, some of these activities may last for weeks./ FEMA
  • show of force  - An operation designed to demonstrate US resolve that involves increased visibility of US deployed forces in an attempt to defuse a specific situation that, if allowed to continue, may be detrimental to US interests or national objectives.
  • significant cyber incident  - A cyber incident that is (or group of related cyber incidents that together are) likely to result in demonstrable harm to the national security interests, foreign relations, or economy of the United States or to the public confidence, civil liberties, or public health and safety of the American people. White House
  • significant cyber incident  - incident related to computer security whose impact on a mission or on a critical asset constitutes a meaningful threat to the mission and requires immediate notification of leadership meets one or more of the following criteria: 1. The incident has impacts on the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of a critical system or sensitive data. 2. There is a high probability of public disclosure of the incident and consequent embarrassment. 3. The impact of the incident results in users losing access to a critical service (for example, email, network access, Internet access).
  • significant environmental event  - noteworthy environmental occurrence (positive or negative) that may be of interest to or require a “timely and appropriate” response from the affected facility or Component.
  • site exploitation  - A series of activities to recognize, collect, process, preserve, and analyze information, personnel, and/ or materiel found during the conduct of operations. Also called SE.
  • site security manager  – Construction - person that is a U.S. citizen cleared at the Top Secret level approved for sensitive compartmented information (SCI), responsible where a sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF) is under construction.
  • situational awareness  - The ability to identify, process, and comprehend the critical elements of information about an incident./ FEMA
  • situational awareness  - information gathered from a variety of sources that, when communicated to emergency managers and decision makers, can form the basis for incident management decision-making.
  • situational forces  - Groups of police, relief workers, host-government or paramilitary personnel, or potential terrorist cells that present within an operational area arid that contribute to the uncertainty of conditions within the environment of military operations other than war
  • situational telework  - telework that occurs on an occasional, non-routine basis includes, but is not limited to, telework that occurs on a temporary basis while an employee is recovering from an injury or illness; as a result of special work assignments; or when the official worksite is closed due to COOP/ pandemic health crisis or other emergency situations.
  • small covered chemical facility  - a covered chemical facility that — (1) has fewer than 100 employees employed at the covered chemical facility; and
(2) is owned and operated by a small business concern.
  • small hydroelectric power project  - any hydroelectric power project which is located at the site of any existing dam, which uses the water power potential of such dam, and which has not more than 30,000 kilowatts of installed capacity.
  • smallpox emergency response plan or plan  - a response plan detailing actions to be taken in preparation for a possible smallpox-related emergency during the period prior to the identification of an active case of smallpox either within or outside the United States. DHHS
  • social amplification of risk  - distortion of the seriousness of a risk caused by public concern about the risk and/ or about an activity contributing to the risk.
  • sociocultural analysis  - The analysis of adversaries and other relevant actors that integrates concepts, knowledge, and understanding of societies, populations, and other groups of people, including their activities, relationships, and perspectives across time and space at varying scales. Also called SCA.
  • sociocultural factors  — The social, cultural, and behavioral factors characterizing the relationships and activities of the population of a specific region or operational environment.
  • sound professional judgment  - a finding, determination, or decision that is consistent with principles of sound DOI
  • sound professional judgment  - a finding, determination, or decision that is consistent with principles of sound fish and wildlife management and administration, available science and resources, and adherence to the requirements of this Act and other applicable laws.
  • sovereign citizen extremist  - group or person who facilitate or engage in acts of unlawful violence directed at public officials, financial institutions, and government facilities in support of their belief that the legitimacy of US citizenship should be rejected; almost all forms of established government, authority, and institutions are illegitimate; and that they are immune from federal, state, and local laws.
  • span of control  - The number of resources for which a supervisor is responsible, usually expressed as the ratio of supervisors to individuals. (Under the National Incident Management System, an appropriate span of control is between 1:3 and 1:7, with optimal being 1:5)./ FEMA
  • special access program agreement  - written agreement among relevant special access program parties that specifies roles, responsibilities, terms, and conditions for each party to reach a common goal.
  • special access program compartment  - effort under a special access program approved by the Director, Special Access Program Control Office (SAPCO) and protected by a separate special access program security classification guide (SAP SCG) or guidance derived from an existing SAP SCG of its parent compartment or the umbrella.
  • special access program disestablishment  - actions taken when active enhanced security measures are no longer required for the information contained within the special access program.
  • special access program nickname  - combination of two separate unclassified words to designate an unclassified meaning employed only for unclassified administrative, moral, or public information purposes.
  • special access program project  - narrowly-focused, short-term effort under a special access program sub- compartment approved by the cognizant security authority, or designee that is protected by a specific security classification guide or based upon written guidance derived from an existing security classification guide of its parent compartment or sub-compartment.
  • special access program sub-compartment  - effort under a special access program compartment approved by the cognizant security authority and protected by a distinct and separate security classification guide or based up written guidance derived from an existing security classification guide of its parent compartment.
  • special access program termination  - action that results when all activity within a special access program, DHS
  • special access program transition  - action that results in a change in protection level of the information protected by the special access program (but not the entire special access program umbrella (parent)), DHS
  • special access program waiver  - decision that permits non-compliance with a special access program security standard.
  • special access program  - program established for a specific class of classified information that imposes safeguarding and access requirements that exceed those normally required for information at the same classification level beyond those normally provided for access to Confidential, Secret, or Top Secret areas or materials is approved by the DHS Secretary or DHS Deputy Secretary; includes special clearances, investigative requirements, or special access lists of persons determined to require special access; requirements may include unique physical security and personnel security investigative requirements, material dissemination restrictions, and formal identification of personnel with need-to-know as specifically determined by the Director, SAPCO DHS SAP Central Office (DHS SAPCO).
  • special event assessment rating  - preplanned special event below the level of National Security Special Event that have been submitted via the annual National Special Event Data Call.
  • special interest alien  - foreign national originating from a country (determined by individual Components ) identified as having possible or established links to terrorism.
  • special needs populations  - Populations whose members may have additional needs before, during, and after an incident in functional areas, including but not limited to - maintaining independence, communication, transportation, supervision, and medical care. Individuals in need of additional response assistance may include those who have disabilities; who live in institutionalized settings; who are elderly; who are children; who are from diverse cultures; who have limited English proficiency or are non-English speaking; or who are transportation disadvantaged./ FEMA
  • special operations  - Operations requiring unique modes of employment, tactical techniques, equipment and training often conducted in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive environments and characterized by one or more of the following: time sensitive, clandestine, low visibility, conducted with and/ or through indigenous forces, requiring regional expertise, and/ or a high degree of risk.
  • special protected class  - class of aliens for which there are additional statutory, regulatory, or policy protectionsdata pertaining to these classes of aliens may have handling or use requirements different from United States Persons information or other alien data.
  • special sensitive position  - position designated at a level higher than critical sensitive.
  • specialty health care service  - a health care service which requires the services of a health care professional with specialized knowledge or experience.
  • specialty health care service  - any service relating to — (i) dialysis; (ii) surgery; (iii) mammography; (iv ) dentistry; or (v) any other specialty health care service.
  • specified terrorist attack  - any terrorist activity conducted against the Government or people of the United States on September 11, 2001. This includes the attacks on the World Trade Center area and the Pentagon, as well as the crash of Flight 93 in Pennsylvania. It does not include the subsequent anthrax attacks or other DOS/ USAID
  • specified terrorist attack  - any terrorist activity conducted against the Government or people of the United States on September 11, 2001. This includes the attacks on the World Trade Center area and the Pentagon, as well as the crash of Flight 93 in Pennsylvania. It does not include the subsequent anthrax attacks or other previous or subsequent terrorist activities
  • speleogen  - relief features on the walls, ceiling, and floor of any cave or lava tube which are part of the surrounding bedrock, including but not limited to anastomoses, scallops, meander niches, petromorphs and rock pendants in solution caves and similar features unique to volcanic caves.
  • speleogen  - relief features on the walls, ceiling, and floor of any cave or lava tube which are part of the surrounding bedrock, including but not limited to anastomoses, scallops, meander niches, petromorphs and rock pendants in solution caves and similar features unique to volcanic caves. DOI
  • speleothem  - any natural mineral formation or deposit occurring in a cave or lava tube, including but not limited to any stalactite, stalagmite, helictite, cave flower, flowstone, concretion, drapery, rimstone, or formation of clay or mud.
  • spill of national significance  - a discharge of oil or a hazardous substance that is declared by the Commandant to be a spill of national significance./ USCG
  • spill prevention, control and countermeasure plan  - plan prepared in accordance with good engineering practices that establishes, for a specific facility, procedures to prevent oil discharges or to minimize the potential for oil discharges and that has the full approval of management at the level authorized to commit the necessary resources to support the plan.
  • spillage cyber security  - IT security incident that results in the transfer of classified or sensitive but unclassified information onto an information system or to a medium, person, or location not accredited (i.e., authorized) for the appropriate security level.
  • sponsor DHS Component  - DHS Component that submits capability documentation into Joint Requirements Integration and Management System (JRIMS) and supports it through the entire acquisition lifecycle sponsor may change based on the role(s) assigned to specific organizations.
  • spyware  - Software secretly or surreptitiously installed into an information system to gather information on individuals or organizations without their knowledge; a type of malicious code
  • squib/ ignitor  - item that causes the deflagration of low explosives, can be either electric or non-electric.
  • stability operations  - An overarching term encompassing various military missions, tasks, and activities conducted outside the United States in coordination with other instruments of national power to maintain or reestablish a safe and secure environment, provide essential governmental services, emergency DOD
  • stability operations  - An overarching term encompassing various military missions, tasks, and activities conducted outside the United States in coordination with other instruments of national power to maintain or reestablish a safe and secure environment, provide essential governmental services, emergency infrastructure reconstruction, and humanitarian relief.
  • stabilization  - Pertains to promoting activities that ready a situation or prepare the ground for a longer-term agenda. Lays the tracks, prevents backsliding or eruption to greater conflict
  • stabilization  - The process of bringing about stability; or the process by which underlying tensions that might lead to resurgence in violence and a break-down in law and order are managed and reduced, while efforts are made to support preconditions for successful longer-term development
  • staging area  - Any location in which personnel, supplies, and equipment can be temporarily housed or parked while awaiting operational assignment./ FEMA
  • standard operating procedure  - A set of instructions applicable to those features of operations that lend themselves to a definite or standardized procedure without loss of effectiveness. Also called SOP; standing operating procedure.
  • standard operating procedure  - Complete reference document or an operations manual that provides the purpose, authorities, duration, and details for the preferred method of performing a single function or a DHS/ FEMA
  • standard operating procedure  - Complete reference document or an operations manual that provides the purpose, authorities, duration, and details for the preferred method of performing a single function or a number of interrelated functions in a uniform manner. Also called SOP./ FEMA
  • standard operating procedure  - The specific references made in this subchapter to auxiliary and supplementary material that further details procedures and processes that apply to the FS assignment process. Also called SOP
  • standing information need  - statement describing the full spectrum of enduring all-threats and all-hazards data and information needed by Homeland Security Community of Interest intelligence analysts to perform analytical work to answer their customers' intelligence questions.
  • state sponsor of international terrorism  - any country the government of which has been determined by the Secretary of State under any of the laws specified in paragraph (2) to have repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism.
  • state utility  - a State or any political subdivision of a State, or any agency, authority, or instrumentality of any one or more of the foregoing, or a corporation that is wholly owned, directly or indirectly, by any one or more of the foregoing, competent to carry on the business of developing, transmitting, utilizing, or distributing power.
  • steady state activities  - Foundational activities, which include ongoing operations, security cooperation and other shaping or preventive activities. (GEF 2010) Those day-to-day activities executed overseas by United States Government entities to create conditions favorable to the United States exclusive of combat activities
  • steady state  - routine, day-to-day operations.
  • steam vessel  - a vessel propelled in whole or in part by steam, except a recreational vessel of not more than 40 feet in length. DOT/ Maritim e
  • steam vessel  - a vessel propelled in whole or in part by steam, except a recreational vessel of not more than 40 feet in length. DOT/ Maritime
  • storage facility  - any facility or geological formation which is capable of storing significant quantities of petroleum products
  • stowaway  - any alien who obtains transportation without the consent of the owner, charterer, master or person in command of any vessel or aircraft through concealment aboard such vessel or aircraft. A passenger who boards with a valid ticket is not to be considered a stowaway.
  • strategic communication  - The focused USG efforts to understand and engage key audiences to create, strengthen, and preserve conditions for the advancement of USG interests, policies, and objectives through the use of coordinated programs, plans, themes, messages, and products synchronized with the actions of all instruments of national power
  • strategic end states  - Broadly expressed conditions designed to guide the Department's employment of the force in pursuit of National Security Strategy and Defense Strategy aims. Strategic end states assist planners in determining how to apply resources (forces, time, funding and level of effort). In most cases, strategic end states reflect long term goals that cannot be achieved during the life of the 2010 GEF or a single campaign plan. Additionally, most end states exceed a command's capability to achieve alone and can only be achieved through integrated USG effort
  • strategic foresight  - range of activities associated with longer range planning and alternative futures analysis.
  • strategic goal  - Includes the goal statement and goal overview. The highest level statement of aim or purpose that is included in the strategic plan. This plan’s five strategic goals articulate clear statements of what the Department wants to achieve to advance its mission and address relevant national problems, needs, challenges, and opportunities. DOC
  • strategic goal  - statement of aim or purpose in a strategic plan that articulates what is needed to achieve objective.
  • strategic level  - indication of scale of significance for plans, activities, or directions that integrate and synchronize activities into overarching common objectives.
  • strategic mission  - primary area in which the organization will engage in order to ensure the desired end state.
  • strategic objective  - Includes the objective statement and the objective overview. This plan’s 18 strategic objectives are the primary unit for strategic analysis and decision-making. Strategic objectives reflect the outcome or management impact the Department is trying to achieve and collectively represent the breadth of all Department activity. DOC
  • strategic objective  - statement derived from broader strategic goal to express more specifically the path to follow to achieve or make progress on the goal.
  • strategic plan  - A plan that serves as a framework for long-term (more than five years) decisions or for securing support/ approval. It provides a basis for more detailed planning; explains the business to others in order to inform, motivate, and involve; and assists benchmarking and performance monitoring. It also stimulates change and becomes a building block for the next plan
  • strategic risk  - risk that impacts an entity’s vital interests or execution of chosen strategy, whether imposed by external threats or arising from flawed or poorly implemented strategy includes; risk that the proposed alternative fails to result in the achievement of those goals or in making contributions to them.
  • strategies  - statements that describe the approaches or practices an agency plans to employ to make progress on strategic objectives. Treasury
  • strategy  - A prudent idea or set of ideas for employing the instruments of national power in a synchronized and integrated fashion to achieve theater, national, and/ or multinational objectives.
  • strategy  - A prudent idea or set of ideas for employing the instruments of national power in a synchronized and integrated fashion to achieve theater, national, and/ or multinational objectives. Views of where strategy ends and tactics begin differ between organizations. USAID views its basic strategic planning unit to be at the country level through the CDCS
  • strategy  - The general plan or direction selected to accomplish incident objectives./ FEMA
  • strategy  - statement of a course of action(s) to be taken in order to execute task(s), achieve objective(s) or goal(s), fulfill mission(s), or realize end state(s) based on existing or expected resources.
  • subjective probability  - interpretation or estimate of probability as an individual al judgment or “degree of belief” about how likely a particular event is to occur, based on the state of knowledge and available evidence.
  • submersible vessel  - a vessel that is capable of operating below the surface of the water. DOT/ Maritim e
  • submersible vessel  - a vessel that is capable of operating below the surface of the water. DOT/ Maritime
  • submunition  - munition that, to perform its task, separates from a parent munition.
  • substantial harm facility  - facility that, because of its location, could reasonably be expected to cause substantial harm to the environment by discharging oil into or on navigable waters or adjoining shorelines.
  • substantial harm to the environment criteria  - total oil storage capacity greater than or equal to 42,000 gallons that transfers oil over water to or from vessels; has a total oil storage capacity greater than or equal to 1 million gallons and meets one of the following conditions; does not have sufficient secondary containment for each aboveground storage area; is located at a distance such that a discharge from the facility could cause injury to fish, wildlife, and sensitive environments; is located at a distance such that a discharge from the facility would shut down a public drinking water intake; or has had, within the past five years, a reportable discharge greater than or equal to 10,000 gallons.
  • substantially damaged structure  - a structure covered by a contract for flood insurance that has incurred damage for which the cost of repair exceeds an amount specified in any regulation promulgated by the Administrator, or by a community ordinance, whichever is lower
  • subsurface improvised explosive device emplacement  - improvised explosive device (IED) emplaced under the surface or below the intended target, i.e. buried, in a culvert, underwater.
  • suicide improvised explosive device employment  - improvised explosive device (IED) initiated by an insurgent/ terrorist at a time of his/ her choosing in which the operator intentionally kills himself/ herself as part of the attack, or to deny his/ her capture.
  • suicide vehicle-borne improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) explosive intentionally initiated by the vehicle’s occupant, or by secondary RC switch.
  • support agency  - See Emergency Support Function (ESF) Support Agency./ FEMA
  • support annexes  - Describe how Federal departments and agencies, the private sector, volunteer organizations, and nongovernmental organizations coordinate and execute the common support processes and administrative tasks required during an incident. The actions described in the Support Annexes are not limited to particular types of events, but are overarching in nature and applicable to nearly every type of incident./ FEMA
  • supported commander  - 1. The commander having primary responsibility for all aspects of a task assigned by the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan or other joint operation planning authority. 2. In the context of joint operation planning, the commander who prepares operation plans or operation orders in response to requirements of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. 3. In the context of a support command relationship, the commander who receives assistance from another commander’s force or capabilities, and who is responsible for ensuring that the supporting commander understands the assistance required. See DOD
  • supported commander  - 1. The commander having primary responsibility for all aspects of a task assigned by the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan or other joint operation planning authority. 2. In the context of joint operation planning, the commander who prepares operation plans or operation orders in response to requirements of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. 3. In the context of a support command relationship, the commander who receives assistance from another commander’s force or capabilities, and who is responsible for ensuring that the supporting commander understands the assistance required. See also support; supporting commander.
  • supported commander  - 1. The commander having primary responsibility for all aspects of a task assigned by the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan or other joint operation planning authority. 2. In the context of joint operation planning, the commander who prepares operation plans or operation orders in response to requirements of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. 3. In the context of a support command relationship, the commander who receives assistance from another commander’s force or capabilities, and who is responsible for ensuring that the supporting commander understands the assistance required. See also support; supporting commander. DOD
  • supporting commander  — 1. A commander who provides augmentation forces or other support to a supported commander or who develops a supporting plan. 2. In the context of a support command relationship, the commander who aids, protects, complements, or sustains another commander’s force, and who is responsible for providing the assistance required by the supported commander.
  • surety consideration risk  - risk associated with the loss/ misuse of data or information includes; risk of technical problems/ failures with applications; risk associated with the security/ vulnerability of systems.
  • surface improvised explosive device emplacement  - improvised explosive device (IED) emplaced directly on the ground.
  • surface transportation modes  - mass transit, commuter and long-distance passenger rail, freight rail, commercial vehicles (including intercity buses), and pipelines, and related infrastructure (including roads and highways), that are within the territory of the United States, but does not include electric grids.
  • surge capacity  - the ability to rapidly and substantially increase the provision of search and rescue capabilities, food, water, medicine, shelter and housing, medical care, evacuation capacity, staffing (including disaster assistance employees), and other resources necessary to save lives and protect property during a catastrophic incident.
  • surge  - a significant increase in imports over the trend for a recent representative base period.
  • surge  - to increase the amount of or degree of DHS
  • surveillance  - systematic observation or monitoring of areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.
  • survivability system  - capability of a system or organization to withstand a disaster or hostile environment, without significant impairment of its normal operations includes those efforts that, to the maximum feasible extent, minimize personnel and equipment exposure to potential dangerous natural, hostile or non- hostile actions through consideration and evaluation of each achievable approach, option and/ or mitigation.
  • suspected device surveillance  - device that appears to be, but has not yet been shown to be, a technical surveillance device.
  • suspected terrorist organization  - organization that is reasonably suspected to be, or has been engaged in conduct constituting, in preparation for, in aid of, or related to terrorism or terrorist activity based on articulable and reasonable suspicion.
  • suspected terrorist  - person that is reasonably suspected to be, or has been engaged in conduct constituting, in preparation for, in aid of, or related to terrorism or terrorist activity based on articulable and reasonable suspicion.
  • suspension of security clearance  - temporary action in which an individual who had access to classified information is rendered ineligible to continue such access is not considered an adverse action, and it is not appealable.
  • suspicious activity reporting  - official documentation of observed behavior reasonably indicative of pre- operational planning related to terrorism or other criminal activity.
  • sustainability  - creation and maintenance of conditions under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony that permit fulfillment of the social, economic, and other requirements of present and future generations.
  • sustainable  - the ability of a target country, community, implementing partner, or intended beneficiary to maintain, over time, the programs authorized and outcomes achieved pursuant to this chapter. DOS
  • sustained yield  - the achievement and maintenance in perpetuity of a high-level annual or regular periodic output of the various renewable resources of the public lands consistent with multiple use.
  • sustainment system  - program design characteristic that consists of those planned support resources, system design characteristics’ capabilities and activities required to maintain fielded systems at intended levels of performance and meet contingency usage requirements is a function of providing for and maintaining those levels of ready forces and materiel necessary to support the mission and encompasses efforts to field, DHS
  • sustainment, restoration, and modernization  - The fuels asset sustainment program within Defense Logistics Agency Energy that provides a long-term process to cost-effectively sustain, restore, and modernize fuel facilities. Also called SRM.
  • sustainment  - The provision of logistics and personnel services required to maintain and prolong operations until successful mission accomplishment.
  • switch  - device for making, breaking, or changing a connection.
  • system record  - group of records under the control of any agency from which information is retrieved by the name of the person or by an person identifier.
  • systems reliability risk  - risk associated with vulnerability/ integrity of systems.
  • tactical control  - The authority over forces that is limited to the detailed direction and control of movements or maneuvers within the operational area necessary to accomplish missions or tasks assigned. Also called TACON. See also combatant command; combatant command (command authority); operational control.
  • tactical level  - indication of scale of significance for actions or plans that involve deployment and use of assets to accomplish specific objectives.
  • tactics, techniques, and procedures development  - using the lessons learned from an IED attack to refine and improve the tools and methods used during all missions in which an IED may occur (e.g., convoys, tactical suppression efforts, ISR, C-IED missions, etc. ) DHS
  • tactics, techniques, and procedures identification  - improvised explosive device (IED) incidents primarily intended to cause a reaction by forces in an effort to learn and understand employed tactics.
  • tactics  - Deploying and directing resources on an incident to accomplish the objectives designated by the strategy./ FEMA
  • tank vessel  - a vessel that is constructed or adapted to carry, or that carries, oil or hazardous material in bulk as cargo or cargo residue, and that — (A) is a vessel of the United States;(B) operates on the navigable waters of the United States; or(C) transfers oil or hazardous material in a port or place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. DOT/ Maritim e
  • tank vessel  - a vessel that is constructed or adapted to carry, or that carries, oil or hazardous material in bulk as cargo or cargo residue, and that — (A) is a vessel of the United States;(B) operates on the navigable waters of the United States; or(C) transfers oil or hazardous material in a port or place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. DOT/ Maritime
  • tanker  - a self-propelled tank vessel constructed or adapted primarily to carry oil or hazardous material in bulk in the cargo spaces. DOT/ Maritim e
  • tanker  - a self-propelled tank vessel constructed or adapted primarily to carry oil or hazardous material in bulk in the cargo spaces. DOT/ Maritime
  • target actors  - Individuals, groups of individuals or specific populations that are integral to the political transition; they offer real, potential or perceived influence, leadership in the transition; they do or potentially can impact the transition; generate or sustain momentum; they have defined or evolving interests in the transition
  • target areas  - Communities, locations, places venues that are integral to political transition; they represent a nexus of emerging issues, critical events, target actors; often possess symbolic significance in the transition
  • target capabilities list  - Defines specific capabilities that all levels of government should possess in order to respond effectively to incidents./ FEMA
  • targeting  - process based on intelligence of establishing various parameters to identify particular types of products, individuals, groups of people, or other entities for a specific purpose focus of identification is based upon particular intelligence and characteristics, models, or patterns.
  • task performance observations  - A list of joint training audience members, objectives, observer reports, and an executive summary for the commander's review and evaluation
  • taxonomy  - hierarchical structure used for categorizing a body of information or knowledge facilitates understanding of how a body of knowledge can be broken down into parts, and how its various parts relate to each other.
  • technical assistance  - assistance under rules, promulgated by the Secretary, to States, units of local government and public care institutions — (A) to conduct specialized studies identifying and specifying energy savings and related cost savings that are likely to be realized as a result of (i) modification or maintenance and operating procedures in a building, (ii) the acquisition and installation of one or more specified energy conservation measures in such building or (iii) both, or (B) the planning or administration of such specialized studies
  • technical assistance  - i) technical services provided directly to farmers, ranchers, and other eligible entities, such as conservation planning, technical consultation, and assistance with design and implementation of conservation practices; and (ii) technical infrastructure, including activities, processes, tools, and agency functions needed to support delivery of technical services, such as technical standards, resource inventories, training, data, technology, monitoring, and effects analyses.
  • technical assistance  - i) technical services provided directly to farmers, ranchers, and other eligible entities, such as conservation planning, technical consultation, and assistance with design and implementation of conservation practices; and (ii) technical infrastructure, including activities, processes, tools, and agency functions needed to support delivery of technical services, such as technical standards, resource inventories, training, data, technology, monitoring, and effects analyses. DOI
  • technical assistance  - technical expertise, information, and tools necessary for the conservation of natural resources on land active in agricultural, forestry, or related uses.
  • technical assistance  — The providing of advice, assistance, and training pertaining to the installation, operation, and maintenance of equipment.
  • technical hazard information security  - technical or physical condition that exists in a secure or sensitive area which unintentionally transmits classified information, restricted data, and/ or unclassified information DHS
  • technical intelligence  - Intelligence derived from the collection, processing, analysis, and exploitation of data and information pertaining to foreign equipment and materiel for the purposes of preventing technological surprise, assessing foreign scientific and technical capabilities, and developing countermeasures designed to neutralize an adversary’s technological advantages. Also called TECHINT. See also exploitation; intelligence.
  • technical penetration information security  - deliberate attempt to obtain classified national security information, restricted data, and/ or for official use only information from a facility through technical exploitation.
  • technical risk  - risk associated with immaturity of commercially available technology and reliance on a small number of vendors.
  • technical security  - security measures taken to prevent the installation of technical surveillance devices and the exploitation of security vulnerabilities.
  • technical surveillance countermeasure construction assistance  - service of providing security advice during the planning phase for the construction or modification of a secure area in coordination with accreditation authorities designed to ensure that all technical and physical security aspects are considered in planning and are included in initial construction to preclude costly modifications of security features after the area is constructed.
  • technical surveillance countermeasure inspection  - close examination and evaluation of an area to determine physical security measures required to protect against technical penetrations or unaided audio leakage.
  • technical surveillance countermeasure investigation  - highly evolved, technically sophisticated, and sensitive investigation subject to U.S. IC requirements service is conducted by qualified technical surveillance countermeasure technicians to detect the presence of technical surveillance devices or hazards; identifies technical security vulnerabilities and items of security interest, which could facilitate the technical penetration of the investigated facility.
  • technical surveillance countermeasure  - technique or measure to detect and neutralize a wide variety of hostile surveillance technologies used to obtain unauthorized access to classified and sensitive information.
  • technical surveillance penetration  - device installed to clandestinely monitor or record activities in a target area.
  • technical vulnerability  - technical or physical condition that could permit the introduction of technical devices or undetected access into a secure or sensitive area.
  • technology risk  - risk associated with technical problems/ failures with applications and their ability to provide planned and desired technical functionality.
  • technology transfer  - process by which existing knowledge, facilities, or capabilities developed under federal R&D funding are shared in order to enhance innovation and fulfill public and private technology needs includes research, invention, intellectual property, licensing, and commercialization.
  • telemental health  - the use of electronic information and telecommunications technologies to support long- distance mental health care, patient and professional-related education, public health, and health administration.
  • telemental health  - the use of electronic information and telecommunications technologies to support long- distance mental health care, patient and professional-related education, public health, and health administration. DOI
  • tension release trigger  - victim operated trigger that, when tension is released – such as when a taut wire or cord is cut or broken – releases a spring-loaded firing pin or closes electrical contacts initiating the device.
  • tension/ pull trigger  - victim operated device that triggers an explosion when tension is applied to a firing mechanism – such as pulling a trip wire causing an action that releases a firing pin or activates an electrical or electronic switch.
  • territorial instrumentality  - any political subdivision, public agency, instrumentality—including any instrumentality that is also a bank—or public corporation of a territory, and this term should be broadly construed to effectuate the purposes of this chapter.
  • territories  - Under the Stafford Act, U.S. territories are may receive federally coordinated response within the U.S. possessions, including the insular areas, and within the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) and the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). Stafford Act assistance is available to Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, which are included in the definition of State in the Stafford Act. At present, Stafford Act assistance also is available to the FSM and the RMI under the compact of free association./ FEMA
  • terrorism information  - information relating to (1) the existence, organization, capabilities, plans, intentions, vulnerabilities, means of finance or material support, or activities of foreign or international terrorist groups or individuals, or of domestic groups or individuals involved in transnational terrorism; (2) threats posed by such groups or individuals to the United States, United States Persons, or United States interests, or to those of other nations; (3) communications of or by such groups or individuals; or (4) groups or individuals reasonably believed to be assisting or associated with such groups or individuals whether collected, produced, or distributed by intelligence, law enforcement, military, homeland security, or other activities.
  • terrorism-related information  - terrorism information, identified as terrorism-related information throughout this policy- (1) The existence, organization, capabilities, plans, intentions, vulnerabilities, means of finance or material support, or activities of foreign or international terrorist groups or individuals, or of domestic groups or individuals involved in transnational terrorism; (2) Threats posed by such groups or individuals to the United States, U.S. persons, or U.S. interests, or to those of other nations; (3) Communications of or by such groups or individuals; (4) Groups or individuals reasonably believed to be assisting or associated with such groups or individuals; and (5) Weapons of mass destruction information
  • terrorism  - As defined under the Homeland Security Act of 2002, any activity that involves an act dangerous to human life or potentially destructive of critical infrastructure or key resources; is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State or other subdivision of the United States in which it occurs; and is intended to intimidate or coerce the civilian population or influence or affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping./ FEMA
  • terrorism  - any activity that — (A) involves an act that — (i) is dangerous to human life or potentially destructive of critical infrastructure or key resources; and (ii) is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State or other subdivision of the United States; and (B) appears to be intended — (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping.
  • terrorism  - any activity that — (A) involves an act that — (i) is dangerous to human life or potentially destructive of critical infrastructure or key resources; and (ii) is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State or other subdivision of the United States; and (B) appears to be intended — 
 intimidation or coercion; or
(iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping.
  • terrorism  - premeditated threat or act of violence, against persons, property, environmental, or economic targets, to induce fear or to intimidate, coerce or affect a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political, social, ideological, or religious objectives.
  • terrorism  - premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational DOS
  • terrorism  - premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents. DOS
  • terrorism  — The unlawful use of violence or threat of violence, often motivated by religious, political, or other ideological beliefs, to instill fear and coerce governments or societies in pursuit of goals that are usually political. See also antiterrorism; combating terrorism; counterterrorism; force protection condition.
  • terrorist activity  - any activity which is unlawful under the laws of the place where it is committed (or which, if it had been committed in the United States, would be unlawful under the laws of the United States or any State) and which involves any of the following: (I) The highjacking or sabotage of any conveyance (including an aircraft, vessel, or vehicle). (II) The seizing or detaining, and threatening to kill, injure, or continue to detain, another individual in order to compel a third person (including a governmental organization) to do or abstain from doing any act as an explicit or implicit condition for the release of the individual seized or detained. (III) A violent attack upon an internationally protected person or upon the liberty of such a person. (IV) An assassination. (V) The use of any — (a) biological agent, chemical agent, or nuclear weapon or device, or (b) explosive, firearm, or other weapon or dangerous device (other than for mere personal monetary gain), with intent to endanger, directly or indirectly, the safety of one or more individuals or to cause substantial damage to property. (VI) A threat, attempt, or conspiracy to do any of the foregoing.
  • terrorist group  - any group practicing, or which has significant subgroups which practice, international terrorism. DOS
  • terrorist organization  - an organization — (I) designated;(II) otherwise designated, upon publication in the Federal Register, by the Secretary of State in consultation with or upon the request of the Attorney General or the Secretary of Homeland Security, as a terrorist organization, after finding that the organization engages in the activities described in subclauses (I) through (VI) of clause (iv); or (III) that is a group of two or more individuals, whether organized or not, which engages in, or has a subgroup which engages in, the activities described in subclauses (I) through (VI) of clause (iv).
  • terrorist screening database  - the terrorist screening database maintained by the Federal Government Terrorist Screening Center or its successor.
  • terrorist threat level  - A Department of Defense intelligence threat assessment of the level of terrorist threat faced by United States personnel and interests in a foreign country; the levels are expressed as LOW, MODERATE, SIGNIFICANT, and HIGH.
  • tertiary improvised explosive device  - additional improvised explosive device (IED) emplaced in the target area to attack individuals or vehicles after the initial and secondary events.
  • thorough decontamination  - Decontamination carried out by a unit to reduce contamination on personnel, equipment, materiel, and/ or working areas equal to natural background or to the lowest possible levels, to permit the partial or total removal of individual protective equipment and to maintain operations with minimum degradation. See also immediate decontamination; operational decontamination.
  • threat and hazard identification and risk assessment  - four-step common risk assessment process that helps the whole community-including persons, businesses, faith-based organizations, non-profit groups, schools and academia, and all levels of government-understand its risks and estimate capability requirements.
  • threat and vulnerability assessment  - product of analysis performed to determine security countermeasures necessary to mitigate specific threats to personnel, facilities and/ or events.
  • threat assessment  - product or process of evaluating information based on a set of criteria for entities, actions, or occurrences, whether natural or man-made, that have or indicate the potential to harm life, information, operations and/ or property.
  • threat assessment  — In antiterrorism, examining the capabilities, intentions, and activities, past and present, of terrorist organizations as well as the security environment within which friendly forces operate to determine the level of threat. Also called TA.
  • threat  - An indication of possible violence, harm, or danger./ FEMA
  • threat  - indication of potential harm to life, information, operations, the environment and/ or property may be a natural or human-created occurrence and includes capabilities, intentions, and attack methods of adversaries used to exploit circumstances or occurrences with the intent to cause harm.
  • tier 1 biological select agent and toxin  - subset of biological select agents and toxins (BSAT) that present the greatest risk of deliberate misuse with significant potential for mass casualties or devastating effect to the economy, critical infrastructure, or public confidence, and pose a severe threat to public health and safety.
  • tiering and tiering methodology  - the procedure by which the Secretary assigns a tier to each covered chemical facility based on the risk assessment for that covered chemical facility.
  • tilt switch  - device that allows voltage to flow to the output wires after a conductive material is moved enough DHS
  • time fuse/ safety fuse initiator  - pyrotechnic contained in a flexible and weather-proof sheath burning at a timed and constant rate; used to transmit a flame to the detonator or a low explosive charge with a predetermined delay.
  • time mechanical switch  - time switch constructed or modified so that physical contact between two parts of the timing mechanism complete an electrical circuit.
  • top secret classification  - information, the unauthorized disclosure of which could reasonably be expected to cause exceptionally grave damage to the national security of the United States.
  • torture  - an act committed by a person acting under the color of law specifically intended to inflict severe physical or mental pain or suffering (other than pain or suffering incidental to lawful sanctions) upon another person within his custody or physical control. DOJ
  • totalitarian party  - an organization which advocates the establishment in the United States of a totalitarian dictatorship or totalitarianism. The terms totalitarian dictatorship and totalitarianism mean and refer to systems of government not representative in fact, characterized by (A) the existence of a single political party, organized on a dictatorial basis, with so close an identity between such party and its policies and the governmental policies of the country in which it exists, that the party and the government constitute an indistinguishable unit, and (B) the forcible suppression of opposition to such party.
  • towing vessel  - a commercial vessel engaged in or intending to engage in the service of pulling, pushing, or hauling along side, or any combination of pulling, pushing, or hauling along side. DOT/ Maritim e
  • towing vessel  - a commercial vessel engaged in or intending to engage in the service of pulling, pushing, or hauling along side, or any combination of pulling, pushing, or hauling along side. DOT/ Maritime
  • towing vessel  - a vessel in commercial service that pushes, pulls, or tows alongside and includes what is traditionally known as a tug. DOT/ Maritim e
  • towing vessel  - a vessel in commercial service that pushes, pulls, or tows alongside and includes what is traditionally known as a tug. DOT/ Maritime
  • toxic industrial biological  - biological material manufactured, used, transported, or stored by industrial, medical, or commercial processes which could pose an infectious or toxic threat.
  • toxic industrial chemical  - chemical developed or manufactured for use in industrial operations or research by industry, government, or academia includes chemicals such as; pesticides, petrochemicals, fertilizers, corrosives, poisons, hydrogen cyanide, cyanogen chloride, phosgene, and chloropicrin.
  • toxic industrial material  - toxic or radioactive substances in solid, liquid, aerosolized, or gaseous form that may be used, or stored for use, for industrial, commercial, medical, military, or domestic purposes Toxic industrial material may be chemical, biological, or radioactive and described as toxic industrial chemical, toxic industrial biological, or toxic industrial radiological.
  • toxic industrial radiological  - radiological material manufactured, used, transported, or stored by industrial, medical, or commercial processes includes materials such as; spent fuel rods, medical sources.
  • toxin  - toxic material or product of plants, animals, microorganisms, or infectious substances, or a recombinant or synthesized molecule, whatever their origin and method of production, and includes i) any poisonous substance or biological product that may be engineered as a result of biotechnology produced by a living organism; or ii) any poisonous isomer or biological product, homolog, or derivative of such a substance including, but not limited to, bacteria, viruses, fungi, rickettsiae, or protozoa.
  • track of interest  - displayed data representing an object that threatens or has the potential to threaten North America or National Security indicators may include, but are not limited to: noncompliance with traffic control instructions or regulations; extended loss of communications; unusual transmissions or unusual behavior; unauthorized intrusion into controlled space or an ADIZ; noncompliance with issued restrictions/ security procedures; or unlawful interference with crews, up to and including hijack.
  • tradecraft  - 1. Specialized methods and equipment used in the organization and activity of intelligence organizations, especially techniques and methods for handling communications with agents. 2. Operational practices and skills used in the performance of intelligence related duties.
  • traditional food  - food that has traditionally been prepared and consumed by an Indian tribe.
  • traditional food  - food that has traditionally been prepared and consumed by an Indian tribe. DOI
  • traditional food  - wild game meat; (ii) fish; (iii) seafood; (iv) marine mammals; (v) plants; and (vi) berries.
  • training objective  - A description of the training audience, the desired outcome of a training activity, and the measures used to evaluate the learning outcome
  • training proficiency assessment  - An appraisal derived from the primary trainer's subjective assessment of an organization by comparing collective evaluations of training competence over time and against joint mission-essential tasks, conditions, and standards. Also called TPA
  • training proficiency evaluation  - An objective assessment of an organization's achievement of training objectives, conducted during the execution phase of the joint training system. Also called TPE. DOS/ USAID
  • transferred works operating entity  - the organization which is contractually responsible for operation and maintenance of transferred works.
  • transferred works  - a project facility, the operation and maintenance of which is carried out by a non-Federal entity, under the provisions of a formal operation and maintenance transfer contract.
  • transition  - A shift in the political situation at a critical juncture in a nation's history. Three kinds of transition situations (these are basic conceptual frameworks for defining transitions - to show basic differences in the environments in which we might work) that OTI works in: Transition to Democracy; Post-Conflict Transition; Transitional Political Crisis (potential backsliding countries ) DOS/ USAID
  • transitional military authority  — Temporary military government exercising the functions of civil administration in the absence of a legitimate civil authority.
  • transnational crime  - breach of rules or laws that have actual or potential effect across national borders or those breaches which are intra-State but which offend fundamental values of the international community.
  • transnational infrastructure  - public or private systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, used and maintained by more than one country or which cross international borders includes the framework of interdependent networks and systems comprising identifiable industries, institutions (including people and procedures), and distribution capabilities that provide reliable flow of products and services, including transportation, communication, banking, finance, agriculture, food, water, energy, public health, emergency services, etc., essential to the national and economic security of neighboring countries, and facilitating worldwide government operations, global commerce, trade, and international communication.
  • transportation disruption  - any significant delay, interruption, or stoppage in the flow of trade caused by a natural disaster, heightened threat level, an act of terrorism, or any transportation security incident.
  • transportation in the waterborne commerce of the United States  - the operation of a vessel in the fisheries, except only for sport fishing. DOT/ Maritim e
  • transportation line and transportation company  - the owner, charterer, consignee, or authorized agent operating any vessel or aircraft or railroad train bringing aliens to the United States, to foreign territory, or to adjacent islands.
  • transportation security incident  - a security incident resulting in a significant loss of life, environmental damage, transportation system disruption, or economic disruption in a particular area. In this paragraph, the term economic disruption does not include a work stoppage or other employee-related action not related to terrorism and resulting from an employee-employer dispute. DOT/ Maritim e
  • travel documentation  - identity document issued by a government or international treaty organization to facilitate the movement of individuals or small groups of persons across international boundaries includes passenger name, date of birth, gender, method of payment for ticket, photo identification (e.g., driver’s license for domestic flights, passport for international travel), visa and other required paperwork for international travel, travel itinerary, and period of time between date of ticket purchase and flight departure DHS
  • trembler switch  - device that allows voltage to flow to the output wires after two metal parts make contact, completing the circuit.
  • tribal government  - the government of an Indian tribe or authorized tribal organization, or in Alaska a Native village or Alaska Regional Native Corporation.
  • tribal government  - the government of an Indian tribe.
  • tribal leader  - Individual responsible for the public safety and welfare of the people of that tribe./ FEMA
  • tribal  - Referring to any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community, including any Alaskan Native Village as defined in or established pursuant to the Alaskan Native Claims Settlement Act, that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians./ FEMA
  • trusted shipper  - participant in any U.S. Government program which provides expedited processing for the adoption and verification of increased security standards DHS
  • type  - a classification of resources that refers to the capability of a resource.
  • typed and typing  - having evaluated, or evaluating, respectively, a resource in accordance with standards created.
  • unacceptable risk  - level of risk at which, given costs and benefits associated with further reduction measures, action is deemed to be warranted at a given point in time.
  • unaccompanied alien child  - a child who — (A) has no lawful immigration status in the United States; (B) has not attained 18 years of age; and
(C) with respect to whom — (i) there is no parent or legal guardian in the United States; or (ii) no parent or legal guardian in the United States is available to provide care and physical custody.
  • unassociated funerary objects  - objects that, as a part of the death rite or ceremony of a culture, are reasonably believed to have been placed with individual human remains either at the time of death or later, where the DOI
  • unassociated funerary objects  - objects that, as a part of the death rite or ceremony of a culture, are reasonably believed to have been placed with individual human remains either at the time of death or later, where the remains are not in the possession or control of the Federal agency or museum and the objects can be identified by a preponderance of the evidence as related to specific individuals or families or to known human remains or, by a preponderance of the evidence, as having been removed from a specific burial site of an individual culturally affiliated with a particular Indian tribe.
  • unauthorized alien  - the alien is not at that time either (A) an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence, or (B) authorized to be so employed by this chapter or by the Attorney General.
  • unauthorized disclosure  - communication or physical transfer of classified information to an unauthorized recipient.
  • uncertainty  - degree to which a calculated, estimated, or observed value may deviate from the true value.
  • unconventional warfare  - Activities conducted to enable a resistance movement or insurgency to coerce, disrupt, or overthrow a government or occupying power by operating through or with an underground, auxiliary, and guerrilla force in a denied area. Also called UW.
  • under vehicle improvised explosive device employment  - improvised explosive device (IED) employment that is placed on the underside of a vehicle (using string, tape, magnet, etc. as a form of attachment).
  • underbelly improvised explosive device employment  - improvised explosive device (IED) employment in which the device targets the underside of a vehicle, using large amounts of explosives buried to deliberately defeat armor (can include conventional land mines).
  • undesirable incident  - incident that has an adverse impact on the operation of the facility or mission of the agency.
  • undocumented  - facilitates the classification of vessels that may be numbered by the proper issuing authority in a State. DOT/ Maritim e
  • unexploded ordnance  - explosive ordnance which has been primed, fused, armed or otherwise prepared for action, and remains unexploded either by malfunction or design or for any other cause, which has been fired, dropped, launched, projected, or placed in such a manner as to constitute a hazard to operations, installations, personnel, or material.
  • unified command  - authority structure in which the role of incident commander is shared by two or more persons, each having authority in a different responding agency each agency that is part of the Unified Command still maintains its own authority, responsibility, and accountability.
  • uninspected passenger vessel  - a vessel carrying six or less passengers. DOT/ Maritim e
  • unit of general local government  - any city, county, town, parish, village, or other general-purpose political subdivision of a State
  • unity of command  - Principle of management stating that each individual involved in incident operations will be assigned to only one supervisor./ FEMA
  • unity of command  - The vesting of a single commander with the requisite authority to direct and coordinate the actions of all forces employed toward a common objective. Unity of command obtains the unity of effort that is essential to the decisive application of all available combat power. Subordinates are then focused on attaining the overall objectives as communicated from a single commander. In turn, this fosters freedom of action, decentralized control, and initiative. Hierarchical organization principle that no subordinate should report to more than one boss.
  • unity of effort  - 1. Coordination and cooperation toward common objectives, even if the participants are not necessarily part of the same command or organization - the product of successful unified action. (DOD) A cooperative concept, which refers to coordination and communication among USG organizations toward the same common goals for success; in order to achieve unity of effort, it is not necessary for all organizations to be controlled under the same command structure, but it is necessary for each agency's efforts to be in harmony with the short- and long-term goals of the mission. Unity of effort is based on four principles: Common understanding of the situation. Common vision or goals for the R&S mission. Coordination of efforts to ensure continued coherency. Common measures of progress and ability to change course if necessary
  • unity of effort  - harmonizing of activities among multiple organizations involves working toward a similar objective while respecting the chain of command and authorities of each participating organization.
  • unity of purpose  - 1. Coordination and cooperation among civilian and military actors from one or more nations toward mutually agreed, common objectives or outcomes. 2. Authorities, institutions, processes, and other means that can be used to direct all elements of national power in pursuit of a common understanding of the situation and common vision or goals for the mission
  • universal joint task list  - A menu of mission-derived assignments, including associated conditions and standards, from which a joint force commander may select. These mission-essential tasks are reflected within the command joint mission essential task list
  • unknown bulk explosive  - unidentified explosive found in the main charge of an improvised explosive device DHS
  • unwitting co-optees  - group or person who provide support to terrorism without knowing that their actions are contributing to terrorism. Such persons may suspect that they are being used. Not all unwitting co-optees are engaging in criminal behavior.
  • urgency measure  - measure of how long it will be until an incident, problem or change has a significant impact.
  • user activity monitoring  - technical capability to observe and record the actions and activities of an individual, at any time, on any device accessing U.S. Government information from information technology in order DHS
  • vehicle-borne improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) delivered by any small ground-based vehicle (e.g., passenger vehicle, motorcycle, moped, bicycle, etc.) and/ or serves as the concealment means for explosives with an initiating device DHS
  • very important person support technical surveillance countermeasure  - security-enhancing measure intended for dignitaries who, while traveling, must use facilities and infrastructure whose integrity and exclusivity cannot be guaranteed involves performing technical surveillance countermeasure inspections in hotel suites, temporary office premises, and conference facilities. Also called Very Important Person support.
  • vessel identification system  - identification system that contains boat registration and ownership information on vessels documented by the Coast Guard or registered or titled by a participating state or territory government data use is restricted in accordance with state and federal laws; data is available in a single database, and only accessible to Numbering and Titling, Registration, and Law Enforcement personnel of VIS participating states and federal Agencies.
  • vessel of interest  - vessel identified by the National Maritime Intelligence Center (NMIC), area maritime intelligence fusion centers, district intelligence office or other agency at the regional/ port level as posing a potential security or criminal threat.
  • vessel of the United States  - a vessel that is documented or numbered under the laws of the United States. A documented vessel and those vessels that are numbered by a State or Federal authority are afforded the protection of the laws of the United States. DOT/ Maritim e
  • vessel of war  - a vessel — (A) belonging to the armed forces of a country;(B) bearing the external marks distinguishing vessels of war of that country;(C) under the command of an officer commissioned by the government of that country and whose name appears in the appropriate service list or its equivalent; and (D ) DOT/ Maritim e
  • vessel  - any type of vessel, whether in existence or under construction, including — (A) a cargo vessel;(B) a passenger vessel;(C) a combination cargo and passenger vessel;(D) a tanker;(E) a tug or towboat;(F) a barge;(G) a dredge;(H) a floating drydock with a capacity of at least 35,000 lifting tons and a beam of at least 125 feet between the wing walls;(I) an oceanographic research vessel;(J) an instruction vessel;(K) a pollution treatment, abatement, or control vessel;(L) a fishing vessel whose ownership meets the citizenship requirements for documenting vessels to operate in the coastwise trade; and(M) an ocean thermal energy conversion facility or plantship that is or will be documented under the laws of the United States. DOT/ Maritim e
  • vibrations sensor  - Passive, covert or visible detection device that detects movement of the surface to which they are attached.
  • vicinity of the terminal facilities  - that geographical area surrounding the environment of terminal facilities which is directly affected or may be directly affected by the operation of the terminal facilities.
  • victim of a severe form of trafficking in persons  - a person — (i) who has been subjected to an act or practice as in effect on October 28, 2000; and (ii)(I) who has not attained 18 years of age; or(II) who is the subject of a certification. DOS
  • victim operated switch  - switch that is activated by the actions of an unsuspecting person relies on the target to carrying out some form of action that will cause the device to function.
  • violations of religious freedom  - violations of the internationally recognized right to freedom of religion and religious belief and practice, as set forth in the international instruments, including violations such as — (A) arbitrary prohibitions on, restrictions of, or punishment for—(i) assembling for peaceful religious activities such as worship, preaching, and prayer, including arbitrary registration requirements;(ii) speaking freely about one's religious beliefs;(iii) changing one's religious beliefs and affiliation;(iv) possession and distribution of religious literature, including Bibles; or(v) raising one's children in the religious teachings and practices of one's choice; or (B) any of the following acts if committed on account of an individual's religious belief or practice: detention, interrogation, imposition of an onerous financial penalty, forced labor, forced mass resettlement, imprisonment, forced religious conversion, beating, torture, mutilation, rape, enslavement, murder, and execution. DOS
  • violent extremism  - Violent extremism refers to advocating, engaging in, preparing, or otherwise supporting ideologically motivated or otherwise supporting ideologically motivated or justified violence to further social, economic or political objectives
  • vital record  - documentary material essential to the continued functioning or reconstitution of an organization during and after an emergency, including records essential to protecting the legal and financial rights of an organization and of the persons directly affected by the organization’s activities includes electronic and hardcopy documents, references, and records that are needed to support essential functions during a continuity situation; the two basic categories of vital records are (1) emergency operating records and (2) rights and interests records (e.g., birth certificates, marriage licenses, records of civil unions, records of DHS
  • vital records inventory  - list which identifies the documentary materials that have been designated as vital includes other identifying information such as where the documentary materials are located, who is responsible for the documentary materials when the documentary materials are cycled, and similar information DHS
  • vital records program  - policies, plans, and procedures developed and implemented and the resources needed to identify, use, and protect the essential records needed to meet operational responsibilities under national security emergencies or other emergency or disaster conditions or to protect the Government's rights or the rights of its citizens.
  • voluntary preparedness standards  - a common set of criteria for preparedness, disaster management, emergency management, and business continuity programs, such as the American National Standards Institute's National Fire Protection Association Standard on Disaster/ Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs.
  • volunteer  - Any individual accepted to perform services by the lead agency (which has authority to accept volunteer services) when the individual performs services without promise, expectation, or receipt of compensation for services performed./ FEMA
  • vulnerability assessment  - A Department of Defense, command, or unit-level evaluation (assessment) to determine the vulnerability of an installation, unit, exercise, port, ship, residence, facility, or other site to a terrorist attack. Also called VA.
  • vulnerability assessment  - product or process of identifying susceptibility or exposure to hazards of an area of concern includes entities, assets, systems, networks, or geographic areas.
  • vulnerability assessment  - the identification of weaknesses in the security of a chemical facility of interest.
  • vulnerability assessment  - the process of identifying and quantifying vulnerabilities in a major system and its significant items of supply. ODNI/ CIA/ DOD
  • vulnerability degree  - qualitative or quantitative expression of the level to which an entity is susceptible to harm when it experiences a hazard DHS
  • vulnerability  - Weakness in a facility, equipment, information system, system security procedures, internal controls, or implementation that could be exploited or triggered by a threat source
  • vulnerability  - physical feature or operational attribute that renders an entity open to exploitation or susceptible to a given hazard includes characteristic of design, location, security posture, operation, or any combination thereof, that renders an asset, system, network, or entity susceptible to disruption, destruction, or exploitation.
  • vulnerability  — 1. The susceptibility of a nation or military force to any action by any means through which its war potential or combat effectiveness may be reduced or its will to fight diminished. 2. The characteristics of a system that cause it to suffer a definite degradation (incapability to perform the designated mission) as a result of having been subjected to a certain level of effects in an unnatural (man- made) hostile environment. 3. In information operations, a weakness in information system security design, procedures, implementation, or internal controls that could be exploited to gain unauthorized access to information or an information system. See also information operations.
  • war activities  - activities directly relating to military operations. DOD/ DOJ
  • war crime  - any conduct — (1) defined as a grave breach in any of the international conventions signed at Geneva 12 August 1949, or any protocol to such convention to which the United States is a party; (2) prohibited by Article 23, 25, 27, or 28 of the Annex to the Hague Convention IV, Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, signed 18 October 1907; (3) which constitutes a grave breach of common Article 3 when committed in the context of and in association with an armed conflict not of an international character; or (4) of a person who, in relation to an armed conflict and contrary to the provisions of the Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices as amended at Geneva on 3 May 1996, when the United States is a party to such Protocol, willfully kills or causes serious injury to civilians. DOJ
  • warning message  - message providing notice of an imminent threat, or sign of impending hazard, risk or incident posing a threat to life or property is specific and actionable rather than merely stating a general concern about a potential event; provides notice for emergency response personnel and the public to the DHS
  • watch list  - compilation of identified data attributes necessary to support activities addressing specific issues of concern information is published or disseminated on a regular basis to appropriate entities for action.
  • watch message  - message by the National Weather Service indicating that, in a defined area, conditions are favorable for a specified type of severe weather used when the risk of a hazardous weather or hydrologic event has increased significantly, but its occurrence, location, and/ or timing is still uncertain.
  • water-borne improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) delivered by floating, drifting, anchored, or propelled on or below the water and/ or serves as the concealment means for explosives with an initiating device.
  • waters of the United States  - navigable waters; tributaries of navigable waters; and interstate and intrastate lakes, rivers, and streams that are regulated by the USCG, U.S. EPA, U.S. Department of the Interior, and other cognizant federal agencies.
  • weapon main charge configuration  - arrangement or design of the main charge and other materials (usually metal) to create an effective weapon to attack personnel, vehicles, or structures.
  • weapon of mass destruction detection technology  - electronic and/ or mechanical means used to assist in the discovery and identification of a weapon of mass destruction or components thereof includes sensory gathering, imaging, radiation detection, etc.
  • weapon of mass destruction  - weapon capable of a high order of destruction and/ or of being used in such a manner as to destroy large numbers of people or an amount of property.
  • weapons of mass destruction information  - information that could reasonably be expected to assist in the development, proliferation, or use of a weapon of mass destruction (including a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear weapon) that could be used by a terrorist or a terrorist organization against the United States includes information about the location of any stockpile of nuclear materials that could be exploited for use in such a weapon.
  • weapons of mass destruction information  - information that could reasonably be expected to assist in the development, proliferation, or use of a weapon of mass destruction (including a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear weapon) that could be used by a terrorist or a terrorist organization against the United States, including information about the location of any stockpile of nuclear materials that could be exploited for use in such a weapon that could be used by a terrorist or a terrorist organization against the United States.
  • weapons technical intelligence  - intelligence derived from the processes and capabilities that collect, exploit and analyze asymmetric threat weapons systems to enable material sourcing, support to prosecution, force protection and targeting of threat networks.
  • weight of the overload  - the amount obtained by multiplying the number of inches that the vessel is submerged below the applicable assigned freeboard by the tons-an-inch immersion factor for the vessel at the assigned minimum safe freeboard. DOT/ Maritim e
  • whole-of-government planning  - WOG planning is an ongoing and iterative process to support decision makers in coordinating and unifying the actions of disparate actors in a given situation from the policy level down through implementation. (CSO) Whole-of-government planning refers to NSC/ HSC-sponsored processes DOS/ USAID Foreign Support Stabilization and Security Assistance 1266 by which multiple USG departments and agencies come together to develop plans that address critical challenges to U.S. national interests. The Department supports and is helping to develop the USG's whole- of-government planning capabilities. (GEF 2010) Also called WOG planning.
  • widow or widower  - the decedent's wife or husband living with or dependent for support upon him or her at the time of his or her death; or living apart for justifiable cause or by reason of his or her desertion at such time.
  • wildlife and wildlife resources  - birds, fishes, mammals, and all other classes of wild animals and all types of aquatic and land vegetation upon which wildlife is dependent.
  • wildlife conservation education  - projects, including public outreach, intended to foster responsible natural resource stewardship.
  • wildlife conservation education  - projects, including public outreach, intended to foster responsible natural resource stewardship. DOI
  • wildlife-associated recreation  - projects intended to meet the demand for outdoor activities associated with wildlife including, but not limited to, hunting and fishing, wildlife observation and photography, such projects as construction or restoration of wildlife viewing areas, observation towers, blinds, platforms, land and water trails, water access, field trialing, trail heads, and access for such projects.
  • wildlife-restoration project  - the wildlife conservation and restoration program and means the selection, restoration, rehabilitation, and improvement of areas of land or water adaptable as feeding, resting, or breeding places for wildlife, including acquisition of such areas or estates or interests therein as are suitable or capable of being made suitable therefor, and the construction thereon or therein of such works as may be necessary to make them available for such purposes and also including such research into problems of wildlife management as may be necessary to efficient administration affecting wildlife resources, and such preliminary or incidental costs and expenses as may be incurred in and about such projects.
  • wildlife  - any species of wild, free-ranging fauna including fish, and also fauna in captive breeding programs the object of which is to reintroduce individuals of a depleted indigenous species into previously occupied range.
  • window of opportunity  - A situation whereby either success or failure is possible, but where an opening exists to shift the situation in favor of success. Political, social, or economic circumstances could likely eliminate this opportunity in a short period of time. The windows can be fleeting, but offer an opportunity to create a perception of forward momentum that is critical to shoring up public opinion and political progress
  • withdrawal  - withholding an area of Federal land from settlement, sale, location, or entry, under some or all of the general land laws, for the purpose of limiting activities under those laws in order to maintain other public values in the area or reserving the area for a particular public purpose or program; or transferring jurisdiction over an area of Federal land, other than property governed by the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act.
  • work of preparing the coal  - the breaking, crushing, sizing, cleaning, washing, drying, mixing, storing, and loading of bituminous coal, lignite, or anthracite, and such other work of preparing such coal as is usually done by the operator of the coal mine.
  • work of preparing the coal  - the breaking, crushing, sizing, cleaning, washing, drying, mixing, storing, and loading of bituminous coal, lignite, or anthracite, and such other work of preparing such coal as is usually done by the operator of the coal mine.   
  • world communism  - a revolutionary movement, the purpose of which is to establish eventually a Communist totalitarian dictatorship in any or all the countries of the world through the medium of an internationally coordinated Communist political movement

1018 circumstances as parental drug abuse, homelessness, or child abuse.


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