Congenital tracheal stenosis
Other Names: Tracheobronchial stenosis, congenital CTS is characterized by complete cartilaginous rings of the trachea without the membranous portion, resulting in various clinical manifestations. Affected patients are typically classified into three groups: those with minimal or no respiratory symptoms, those with respiratory distress in the neonatal period, and those who present with respiratory symptoms (usually caused by a respiratory infection in late infancy) .
More than half of patients with CTS have other congenital anomalies, particularly cardiovascular disease such as left pulmonary artery sling, patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect, and more complex congenital heart diseases. Moreover, CTS is often associated with pulmonary agenesis or hypoplasia, which also complicates the management of CTS.
NIH genetic and rare disease info
Congenital tracheal stenosis is a rare disease.
Latest research - Congenital tracheal stenosis