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Dictionary-of-government-C

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  • cable express  - A client/ server-based message handling system, using Lotus Notes and state-of-the-art data communications network technology. It is designed to allow users to receive cables, forward cables to other users, search archived cables, display referenced cables, copy cables to local databases, originate outgoing cables, and/ or reply to existing cables from their desktop.
  • cable system  - a facility, located in any State, territory, trust territory, or possession of the United States, that in whole or in part receives signals transmitted or programs broadcast by one or more television broadcast stations licensed by the Federal Communications Commission, and makes secondary transmissions of such signals or programs by wires, cables, microwave, or other communications channels to subscribing members of the public who pay for such service. For purposes of determining the royalty fee, two or more cable systems in contiguous communities under common ownership or control or operating from one headend shall be considered as one system.
  • CableXpress  - A Lotus Notes-based software package designed to handle electronic transmission, generation, and receipt of telegraphic traffic for posts' users and domestic users in the Department of State. Also called CX.
  • cache  - A predetermined complement of tools, equipment, and/ or supplies stored in a designated location, available for incident use.
  • cache  — A source of subsistence and supplies, typically containing items such as food, water, medical items, and/ or communications equipment, packaged to prevent damage from exposure and hidden in isolated locations by such methods as burial, concealment, and/ or submersion, to support isolated personnel. See also evader; evasion; recovery; recovery operations.
  • cache improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident that involves the discovery and/ or recovery of unarmed devices, improvised explosive device (IED) components, and improvised explosive device (IED) paraphernalia that involves long-term storage in a permanent, fixed location.
  • cadastral  - the geographic extent of past, current, and future right, title, and interest in real property, and the framework to support the description of that geographic extent. The geographic extent includes survey and description frameworks such as the Public Land Survey System, as well as parcel-by- parcel surveys and descriptions.
  • cadastral (offshore)  - the land management system used on the Outer Continental Shelf. It extends from the baseline to the extent of United States jurisdiction. Existing coverage is currently limited to the conterminous United States and portions of Alaska. Maximum extent of United States jurisdiction is not yet mathematically calculated.
  • cadet  - a cadet of the United States Military Academy, the United States Air Force Academy, or the United States Coast Guard Academy.
  • calendar day  - The 24-hour period beginning at one second after midnight (12 -00 -01 a.m.) and ending at midnight.
  • calendar of events  - A calendar formed as part of the Rolling Assessment and daily analysis process that projects, forecasts and identifies critical events that we can knowingly predict, assign to a date or time period, and critical events that do not yet have a date/ time but which present opportunities

  106   once scheduled. Operations Group, Glossary )

  • call accounting  - The process by which call detail records for specific or groups of telephone extensions are collected and recorded for billing and traffic monitoring purposes.

call detail record- (A) session-identifying information (including an originating or terminating telephone number, an International Mobile Subscriber Identity number, or an International Mobile Station Equipment Identity number), a telephone calling card number, or the time or duration of a call; and (B) does not include—
(i) the contents of any communication; (ii) the name, address, or financial information of a subscriber or customer; or (iii) cell site location or global positioning system information.

  • call sign  - Any combination of characters or pronounceable words, which identifies a communication facility, a command, an authority, an activity, or a unit; used primarily for establishing and maintaining communications. Also called CS.
  • call Sign  - Any combination of characters that identify a communications facility, command, authority, activity, or unit, used primarily for establishing and maintaining communication.
  • campaign  - A series of related major operations aimed at achieving strategic and operational objectives within a given time and space. See also campaign plan.
  • campaign plan  - A joint operation plan for a series of related major operations aimed at achieving strategic or operational objectives within a given time and space. See also campaign; campaign planning.
  • campaign planning  - The process whereby combatant commanders and subordinate joint force commanders translate national or theater strategy into operational concepts through the development of an operation plan for a campaign. See also campaign; campaign plan.
  • canal structure  - an embankment, wall, or structure along a canal or manmade watercourse that — (i ) constrains water flows; (ii) is subject to frequent water loading; and (iii) is an integral part of a flood risk reduction system that protects the leveed area from flood waters associated with hurricanes, precipitation events, seasonal high water, and other weather-related events.
  • canalize  - To restrict operations to a narrow zone by use of existing or reinforcing obstacles or by fire or bombing.
  • cancellation  - The process of rendering a check nonnegotiable after it has been issued and repaying the amount of the check (whether available or unavailable) to an appropriation or fund account.
  • cancellation message  - message revoking a previously transmitted message.
  • cancellation of payroll deduction  - Once initiated, payroll deductions will continue, providing gross pay is adequate, until the employee cancels the deduction by submitting a memo to American Payroll (CGFS/ C/ APP) authorizing the cancellation. In addition, the employee may process the cancellation electronically through the Employee Express Web site.
  • cancer cluster  - the incidence of a particular cancer within a population group, a geographical area, and a period of time that is greater than expected for such group, area, and period.
  • candidate  - an individual (A) whose name is printed on the official ballot for election to the office of Representative in, or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, the Congress, or (B) notwithstanding his name is not printed on such ballot, who seeks election to the office of Representative in, or

  107 Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, the Congress by write-in votes, provided that he is qualified for such office and that, under the law of the State in which the congressional district is located, write-in voting for such office is permitted and he is eligible to receive write-in votes in such election.

  • candidate target list  - A list of objects or entities submitted by component commanders, appropriate agencies, or the joint force commander’s staff for further development and inclusion on the joint target list and/ or restricted target list, or moved to the no-strike list. Also called CTL. See also joint integrated prioritized target list; target, target nomination list.
  • canine inspection  - use of a dog team to detect specific substances or the presence of property or persons that may pose a threat, are not in compliance with laws, or are at risk.
  • capabilities  - the facilities, equipment, personnel, intellectual property, and other assets that support the core competencies of the Center.
  • capabilities  - space, airborne, and ground systems and capabilities for space situational awareness and for space systems protection.
  • capabilities, objectives, resources and evaluation  - name of methodology providing the factor structure that describes a capability.
  • capability  - means to accomplish a mission, function, or objective.
  • capability  - Provides the means to accomplish a mission or function resulting from the performance of one or more critical tasks, under specified conditions, to target levels of performance. A capability may be delivered with any combination of properly planned, organized, equipped, trained, and exercised personnel that achieves the desired outcome.
  • capability  - Provides the means to accomplish a mission or function resulting from the performance of one or more critical tasks, under specified conditions, to target levels of performance. A capability may be delivered with any combination of properly planned, organized, equipped, trained, and exercised personnel that achieves the desired outcome mission.
  • capability  - the ability to provide the means to accomplish one or more tasks under specific conditions and to specific performance standards. A capability may be achieved with any combination of properly planned, organized, equipped, trained, and exercised personnel that achieves the intended outcome.
  • capability fragmentation  - instance when capabilities are manifested in multiple DHS Components to meet the same need and where opportunities exist to more efficiently meet missions, functions, or objectives.
  • capability gap  - instance of a capability that DHS and/ or its stakeholders/ partners require to perform the mission, but do not currently possess and is not planned to be provided by existing programs.
  • capability generation  - process through which necessary capabilities (and associated capability gaps) are initially identified by Sponsor-guided analysis and then subsequently staffed, reviewed and refined within Joint Requirements Integration and Management System (JRIMS) until they are validated or rejected by the Joint Requirements Council (JRC).

  108  

  • capability management  - process through which the Joint Requirements Council (JRC) validates and prioritizes necessary capabilities validated necessary capabilities are then recommended for implementation and tracked and assessed through materiel and non-materiel implementation processes.
  • capability overlap  - instance when multiple DHS Components have capabilities with similar goals, support similar activities, or target similar mission needs.
  • capability redundancy  - instance when additional or alternative capabilities exist across DHS Components to include those with primary application in other or related mission/ functional areas maintains a degree of overall functionality in case of loss or failure of another but which may, following analysis of required capacity, provide opportunities for efficiencies across the Department.
  • capability to manage the investment risk  - risk of financial management of investment, poor operational and technical controls, or reliance on vendors without appropriate cost, technical and operational controls includes; poor operational and technical controls, or reliance on vendors without appropriate cost, technical and operational controls; risk that business goals of the program or initiative will not be achieved; risk that the program effectiveness targeted by the project will not be achieved.
  • capacitance sensor  - detection device that detects changes in capacitance when an individual touches or comes in close proximity to an object.
  • capacity building  - A process whereby people, organizations, and society as a whole are enabled to strengthen, create, improve, adapt, or maintain their abilities to manage their affairs, through training, mentoring, networking, and improvements in equipment, infrastructure, programs, and organizational structure.
  • capacity building  - enabling people, organizations, and societies to develop, strengthen, and expand their abilities to meet their goals or fulfill their mandates. Capacity is strengthened through the transfer of knowledge and skills that enhance individual and collective abilities to deliver services and carry out programs that address challenges in a sustainable way. It is a long-term and continuous process that focuses on developing human resources, organizational strength, and legal structures, and it involves all stakeholders including civil society. Related terms include capacity development and capacity strengthening. The latter term emphasizes the need to build upon existing capacity as much as possible.
  • capacity building and advocacy activities  - efforts that—
(A) result in laws, regulations, policies, practices, procedures, or organizational structures that promote consumer-responsive programs or entities; and
(B) facilitate and increase access to, provision of, and funding for, assistive technology devices and assistive technology services, in order to empower individuals with disabilities to achieve greater independence, productivity, and integration and inclusion within the community and the workforce.
  • capital  - cash, equipment, inventory, other tangible property, cash equivalents, and indebtedness secured by assets owned by the alien entrepreneur, if the alien entrepreneur is personally and primarily liable and the assets of the new commercial enterprise upon which the petition is based are not used to secure any of the indebtedness. All capital must be valued at fair market value in U.S. dollars. Assets acquired, directly or indirectly, by unlawful means (such as criminal activities) are not considered capital.
  • capital asset  - Tangible property, including durable goods, equipment, buildings, installations, and land.

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  • capital asset  - equipment, rolling stock, infrastructure, and facilities for use in public transportation and owned or leased by a recipient or subrecipient of Federal financial assistance.
  • capital asset  - Land, structures, equipment, and intellectual property (including software) that are used by the Federal Government and have an estimated useful life of two years or more. Capital assets exclude items acquired for resale in the ordinary course of operations or held for the purpose of physical consumption such as operating materials and supplies. The cost of a capital asset includes its purchase price and all other life cycle costs incurred to bring it to a form and location suitable for its intended use through asset disposal. (Capital Programming Guide, Supplement to OMB Circular A-11, Part 3 - Planning, Budgeting, and Acquisition of Capital Assets).
  • capital asset  - non-expendable asset that has an estimated useful life of two years or more includes items such as; land (including park lands), structures, equipment (including motor and aircraft fleets), and intellectual property (including software); excludes items acquired for resale in the ordinary course of operations or held for the purpose of physical consumption such as operating materials and supplies.
  • capital assets  - land (including parklands), structures, equipment (including motor vehicle and aircraft fleets), and intellectual property (including software) which are used by the Federal Government and have an estimated useful life of two years or more. Capital assets exclude items acquired for resale in the ordinary course of operations or held for the purpose of physical consumption, such as operating materials and supplies. The cost of a capital asset is its full life-cycle cost, including all direct and indirect costs for planning, procurement (purchase price and all other costs incurred to bring it to a form and location suitable for its intended use), operations and maintenance (including service contracts), and disposal. Capital assets may or may not be capitalized, i.e., recorded on an entity's balance sheet, under Federal accounting standards.
  • capital expenditures  - Costs incurred for purchasing capital assets or tangible property, including durable goods, equipment, buildings, installations, and land.
  • capital expenditures  - expenditures for the acquisition cost of capital assets (equipment, buildings, and land), or expenditures to make improvements to capital assets that materially increase their value or useful life. Acquisition cost means the cost of the asset including the cost to put it in place. Acquisition cost for equipment, for example, means the net invoice price of the equipment, including the cost of any modifications, attachments, accessories, or auxiliary apparatus necessary to make it usable for the purpose for which it is acquired. Ancillary charges, such as taxes, duty, protective in transit insurance, freight, and installation may be included in, or excluded from the acquisition cost in accordance with the institution's regular accounting practices.
  • capital expenditures  - expenditures for the acquisition cost of capital assets (equipment, buildings, land), or expenditures to make improvements to capital assets that materially increase their value or useful life. Acquisition cost means the cost of the asset including the cost to put it in place. Acquisition cost for equipment, for example, means the net invoice price of the equipment, including the cost of any modifications, attachments, accessories, or auxiliary apparatus necessary to make it usable for the purpose for which it is acquired. Ancillary charges, such as taxes, duty, protective in transit insurance, freight, and installation may be included in, or excluded from the acquisition cost in accordance with the governmental unit's regular accounting practices.
  • capital expenditures  - expenditures for the acquisition cost of capital assets (equipment, buildings, land), or expenditures to make improvements to capital assets that materially increase their value or useful life. Acquisition cost means the cost of the asset including the cost to put it in place. Acquisition cost for equipment, for example, means the net invoice price of the equipment, including the cost of any modifications, attachments, accessories, or auxiliary apparatus necessary to make it usable for the purpose for which it is acquired. Ancillary charges, such as taxes, duty, protective in transit insurance, freight, and installation may be included in, or excluded from the acquisition cost in

  110   accordance with the non-profit organization's regular accounting practices.

  • capital improvement  - a structure, a fixture, or nonremovable equipment provided by a concessioner pursuant to the terms of a concession contract and located on land of the United States within a System unit.
  • capital improvement  - An expenditure for a physical improvement to an existing capital asset such as additions and major alterations that are intended to improve performance or increase useful life.
  • capital improvement  - improvement that increases the useful life, efficiency, capacity, or size of an existing asset or modifies the functionality or use of the asset regardless of the source of funding or capitalization threshold.
  • capital investment  - planning, development, and acquisition of a capital asset and the management and operation of that asset through its usable life after the initial acquisition may consist of one or more assets, which provide useful components in an operational (production) environment.
  • capital investment plan  - tool used in annual agency budgeting exercises to examine investment dollars, costs, value, and return on investment used in production of the Resource Allocation Plan (RAP) and the OMB 300 report.
  • capital lease  - A lease that meets any one of the following criteria- (1) Lease transfers ownership to the U.S. Government at the end of the lease term; (2) Lease contains an option to purchase the leased property at a bargain price; (3) Lease term is equal to 75 percent or more of the economic life of the leased property; (4) Present value at the beginning of the lease for the minimum lease payment is 90 percent or more of the fair value of the leased property; (5) Asset is for a special purpose of the U.S. Government and is built to unique specification for the U.S. Government as lessee; or (6) There is no private-sector market for the asset. If none of the above criteria applies, the lease is considered an operating lease. The lessee treats capital leases as the acquisition of assets and the incurrence of obligations. Also called CL.
  • capital lease  - lease that transfers substantially all the benefits and risks of ownership to the lessee must meet at least one of the following four criteria: (1) The lease transfers ownership of the asset to the lessee by the end of the lease term. (2) The lease contains an option to purchase the leased asset at a bargain price. (3) The lease term is equal to or greater than 75 percent of the estimated economic life of the leased asset. (4) The present value of rental and other minimum lease payments, excluding that portion of the payments representing executory cost, equals or exceeds 90 percent of the fair value of the leased asset.
  • capital planning  - A systematic effort to manage the risks and returns on capital assets for a given mission.
  • capital planning  - An integrated management process that provides for the continuous identification, selection, control, life-cycle management, and evaluation of an information technology investment program designed to achieve a desired business outcome.
  • capital planning and investment control  - A decision-making process, directed by the Departments E- Government Program Board (E-GovPB), for ensuring that information technology investments integrate strategic planning, budgeting, procurement, and the management of IT in support of the Departments mission and business needs. Also called CPIC.
  • capital planning and investment control  - process for decision-making ensuring that investments integrate strategic planning, architecture, security, budgeting, procurement, and the management of the investment in support of missions and business needs also applies to non-IT assets, including

  111 construction, leases of capital assets, and acquisition of real property.

  • capital planning and investment control guidance document (*)  - document that provides the annual OMB direction on the capital planning and investment control requirements.
  • capital planning and investment control process  - A decision-making process, directed through the Departments E-Government Program Board (E-GovPB) to ensure that information technology investments integrate strategic planning, budgeting, procurement, and the management of IT in support of the Departments mission and business needs. Also called CPIC process.
  • capital planning and investment control program guide  - The CPIC Guide documents the processes the Department uses to formulate, justify, manage, and maintain its portfolio of IT investments. The CPIC process described in the Guide ensures that information technology investments integrate strategic planning, budgeting, procurement, and project management to support the Departments mission and business needs. Also called CPIC guide.
  • capital project  - a project for (A) acquiring, constructing, supervising, or inspecting equipment or a facility for use in public transportation, expenses incidental to the acquisition or construction (including designing, engineering, location surveying, mapping, and acquiring rights-of-way), payments for the capital portions of rail trackage rights agreements, transit-related intelligent transportation systems, relocation assistance, acquiring replacement housing sites, and acquiring, constructing, relocating, and rehabilitating replacement housing; (B) rehabilitating a bus; (C) remanufacturing a bus; (D) overhauling rail rolling stock; (E) preventive maintenance; (F) leasing equipment or a facility for use in public transportation; (G) a joint development improvement for various purposes. {NOTE: This condenses about an entire page of examples.
  • capitalized personal property  - Personal property that has an acquisition cost of $25,000 or more per item and an estimated service life of 2 years or longer must be capitalized and reported in the agency's financial statements. Additionally, the following property is capitalized- (1) State-owned motor vehicles, regardless of cost; and (2) Commercial off-the-shelf software configured for State operations with a total cost of $500,000 or more. Similarly, State software developed within the agency by direct-hire or contract employees must be capitalized if the cost of direct-hire or contractual services exceeds $500,000. Software maintenance costs and the cost to convert data are not capitalized and should not be considered in determining the application of the threshold. Accountability for information technology (IT) software developed within State will be the responsibility of the organizational unit that developed it.
  • Capitol Buildings  - the United States Capitol, the Senate and House Office Buildings and garages, the Capitol Power Plant, all buildings on the real property (including the Administrative Building of the United States Botanic Garden) all buildings on the real property, all subways and enclosed passages connecting two or more of those structures, and the real property underlying and enclosed by any of those structures.
  • capstone publication  — The top joint doctrine publication in the hierarchy of joint publications that links joint doctrine to national strategy and the contributions of other government departments and agencies, multinational partners, and reinforces policy for command and control. See also joint publication; keystone publications.
  • caption  - A handling instruction that is listed before any other handling instructions in the telegram text, as defined by ACP-127. A caption denotes the special nature of, or limits the distribution of a telegram.
  • captured record  - a document, audio file, video file, or other material captured during combat operations from countries, organizations, or individuals, now or once hostile to the United States.

  112  

car service- (A) the use, control, supply, movement, distribution, exchange, interchange, and return of locomotives, cars, other vehicles, and special types of equipment used in the transportation of property by a rail carrier, and (B) the supply of trains by a rail carrier.

  • carbon dioxide  - naturally occurring gas that is formed especially in human and animal respiration and in the decay or combustion of animal and vegetable matter, and is absorbed from the air by plants in photosynthesis.
  • carbon sequestration  - the capture of carbon dioxide through terrestrial, geological, biological, or other means, which prevents the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
  • cardholder  - Federal employee responsible for using the government-wide purchase card in accordance with established policies and procurement regulations, maintaining a purchase card buying log, and reconciling the monthly statement of account. The CH must be established through a written delegation of authority memorandum from the program coordinator. Also called CH.
  • cardholder statement of account  - A monthly listing made available online by the financial institutional contractor (bank provider) of- (1) Purchases made by a cardholder for which the contractor has been billed by merchants; (2) Any credits; and (3) Interest penalties for late payments.
  • cardinal changes  - Modifications to an existing contract that are beyond the general scope of that contract and are so extensive that a new contract should be awarded. A cardinal change is so profound that it not redressable under the contract and thus renders the government in breach. It frees the contractor of its obligations under the contract, including its obligations under the disputes clause.
  • career and technical education  - organized educational activities that (A) offer a sequence of courses that (i) provides individuals with coherent and rigorous content aligned with challenging academic standards and relevant technical knowledge and skills needed to prepare for further education and careers in current or emerging professions; (ii) provides technical skill proficiency, an industry- recognized credential, a certificate, or an associate degree; and (iii) may include prerequisite courses (other than a remedial course) that meet the requirements of this subparagraph; and (B) include competency-based applied learning that contributes to the academic knowledge, higher-order reasoning and problem-solving skills, work attitudes, general employability skills, technical skills, and occupation-specific skills, and knowledge of all aspects of an industry, including entrepreneurship, of an individual.
  • career and technical student organization  - an organization for individuals enrolled in a career and technical education program that engages in career and technical education activities as an integral part of the instructional program.
  • career guidance and academic counseling  - guidance and counseling that (A) provides access for students (and parents, as appropriate) to information regarding career awareness and planning with respect to an individual's occupational and academic future; and (B) provides information with respect to career options, financial aid, and postsecondary options, including baccalaureate degree programs.
  • career ladder  - A grouping of Civil Service positions that identify work at increasing levels of difficulty and/ or responsibility (e.g., Management Analyst, GS-07/ 09/ 11/ 12). Career ladders are established to provide employees within the ladder the developmental, grade-building experiences that will qualify them for non-competitive promotion to the next higher level after meeting one-year time-in- grade requirements and demonstrating ability to perform at the higher level. Although promotions with the career ladder do not require competition among the employees in the ladder, they are dependent upon meeting qualifications requirements, the recommendations of cognizant supervisors, receiving at least a Fully Successful performance rating, and the continued presence of

  113 available work at the next higher level.

  • career law enforcement officer  - a person hired on a permanent basis who is authorized by law or by a State or local public agency to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, or investigation of violations of criminal laws.
  • caregiver  - an individual who provides personal care services to the veteran.
  • caretaker  - any individual acting in a parental role regarding the child (including any birth parent, foster parent, adoptive parent, relative of such a child, or other individual acting in such a role).
  • cargo  - a loaded or empty container on a vessel.
  • cargo  - commodity transported, or to be transported, generally for commercial gain, by ship, aircraft, train, van or truck includes materials necessary to manage commodity in transport (pallet, box, container, etc.).
  • cargo  - property, mail, or both.
  • cargo container  - a cargo container that is 1 Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit.
  • cargo increment number  - A seven-character alphanumeric field that uniquely describes a non-unit- cargo entry (line) in the Joint Operation Planning and Execution System time-phased force and deployment data.
  • cargo scanning  - use of nonintrusive equipment, including imaging and radiation detection equipment, to capture data relative to any form of cargo container and/ or container contents.
  • cargo-capable aircraft  - a civil aircraft equipped so that all or substantially all of the aircraft's capacity can be used for the carriage of property or mail.
  • cargo-convertible aircraft  - a passenger aircraft equipped or designed so that all or substantially all of the main deck of the aircraft can be readily converted for the carriage of property or mail.
  • carpool  - A group of two or more direct-hire State employees using a motor vehicle for transportation to and from work.
  • carpool member  - individual that commutes to and from work with others on a regular full-time basis via a motor vehicle carpool members may be registered with DHS as a specific carpool for the purpose of receiving a free federal parking benefit.
  • carrier  - The company or facility that transmits data signals. Also, a wave suitable for modulation by an information-bearing signal to be transmitted over a communication system.
  • carrier air wing  - Two or more aircraft squadrons formed under one commander for administrative and tactical control of operations from a carrier. Also called CVW.
  • carrier and lessor  - a receiver or trustee of a pipeline carrier and lessor, respectively.
  • carrier control zone  — The airspace within a circular limit defined by 5 miles horizontal radius from the carrier, extending upward from the surface to and including 2,500 feet unless otherwise designated for special operations, and is under the cognizance of the air officer during visual meteorological conditions.Dictionary, JP 3‐52 )
  • carrier strike group  - A standing naval task group consisting of a carrier, embarked air wing, surface combatants, and submarines as assigned in direct support, operating in mutual support with the task of destroying hostile submarine, surface, and air forces within the group’s assigned operational area and striking at targets along hostile shore lines or projecting power inland. Also called CSG.
  • cartridge-actuated device  — Small explosive devices used to eject stores from launched devices, actuate other explosive systems, or provide initiation for aircrew escape devices.
  • carve out special access program  - provision approved by the DHS Secretary or DHS Deputy Secretary that relieves DSS of its National Industrial Security Program obligation to perform industrial security oversight functions for a DHS special access program.
  • carve-out contract  - A classified contract issued in conjunction with an approved Special Access Program (SAP) wherein the designated cognizant SAP security office retains inspection responsibility, in whole or in part. While the term carve-out technically only applies to the security function, it may also be used to designate contract administration services, audit, review, and other functions performed by groups other than those who normally accomplish these tasks.
  • case management services  - the coordination and facilitation of all services furnished to a veteran by the Department of Veterans Affairs, either directly or through a contract, including assessment of needs, planning, referral (including referral for services to be furnished by the Department, either directly or through a contract, or by an entity other than the Department), monitoring, reassessment, and followup.
  • case officer  - A professional employee of an intelligence or counterintelligence organization, who provides directions for an agent operation and/ or handling intelligence assets.
  • case officer  - A professional employee of an intelligence or counterintelligence organization, who provides directions for an agent operation and/ or handling intelligence assets.
  • cash contributions  - the recipient's cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the recipient by third parties.
  • cash contributions  - The recipient's cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the recipient by third parties.
  • cash management officer  - The Deputy Chief Financial Officer (CGFS/ DCFO) is the principal cash management official at the Department of State. This officer has the responsibility for prescribing policies and procedures governing cash management; overseeing initiatives to improve cash management; prescribing the Department of State reporting requirements for fiscal irregularities; and reporting externally on cash management improvement initiatives.
  • cash verification officer  - An employee who verifies cashier funds and performs tasks that verifies the cashier is reporting accurate information. The cash verification officer (CVO) is generally the U.S. citizen supervisor of the cashier. However, another individual may be delegated CVO responsibilities.
  • cash-Link  - An electronic cash concentration system used to manage the collection of government funds and to report balances to Federal agencies. Cash-Link ties the U.S. disbursing officer (USDO), commercial banks, Federal Reserve Banks, and the Treasury Department together through an electronic network. Cash-Link provides agencies with financial information to verify bank deposits,

  115 ACH transfers, as well as information to reconcile their accounts. This system allows users to obtain deposit information in two ways- (1) It provides daily reports of agency deposits that are sent to the Banking Operations Branch in FMS; and (2) Agencies can view deposit amounts that have been posted to their ALC.

  • cast explosive  - manufactured explosive poured in liquid form and allowed to harden.
  • casual collecting  - the collecting of a reasonable amount of common invertebrate and plant paleontological resources for non-commercial personal use, either by surface collection or the use of non-powered hand tools resulting in only negligible disturbance to the Earth's surface and other resources.
  • casualty  - Any person who is lost to the organization by having been declared dead, duty status – whereabouts unknown, missing, ill, or injured.
  • casualty evacuation  - The unregulated movement of casualties that can include movement both to and between medical treatment facilities. Also called CASEVAC. See also casualty; evacuation; medical treatment facility.
  • casualty rate  — The number of casualties per 1,000 population at risk.
  • casualty receiving and treatment ship  - In amphibious operations, a ship designated to receive, provide treatment for, and transfer casualties. Also called CRTS.
  • cat fur  - the pelt or skin of any animal of the species Felis catus.
  • catalog library  - comprehensive inventory of the books, periodicals, maps, and other materials in a given library collection, arranged in systematic order to facilitate retrieval.
  • catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance number  - the number assigned to a Federal program in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA).
  • Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance number  - The number assigned to a federal program in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA). Also called CFDA number.
  • catastrophic emergency  - Any incident, regardless of location, that results in extraordinary levels of mass casualties, damage, or disruption severely affecting the U.S. population, infrastructure, environment, economy, or government functions.
  • catastrophic event  - Any natural or man-made incident, including terrorism, which results in extraordinary levels of mass casualties, damage, or disruption severely affecting the population, infrastructure, environment, economy, national morale, and/ or government functions.
  • catastrophic incident  - any natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster that results in extraordinary levels of casualties or damage or disruption severely affecting the population (including mass evacuations), infrastructure, environment, economy, national morale, or government functions in an area.
  • catastrophic incident  - Any natural or manmade incident, including terrorism, that results in extraordinary levels of mass casualties, damage, or disruption severely affecting the population,

  116   infrastructure, environment, economy, national morale, and/ or government functions.

  • catastrophic incident  - natural disaster or act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster that results in extraordinary levels of casualties or damage or disruption severely affecting the population (including mass evacuations), infrastructure, environment, economy, national morale, or government functions in an area.
  • categorical exclusion  - class of activities that do not need to undergo detailed environmental analysis in an environmental assessment (EA) or an environmental impact statement (EIS) because the activities have been shown not individually or cumulatively to have a significant effect on the human environment.
  • category  - the categories of executive departments and agencies listed in Annex A to this directive.
  • category  - unique named group to associate things that have something in common.
  • category management plan  - mechanism that provides the strategic direction for a category of goods or services managed by a Strategic Sourcing Commodity Council.
  • cathodic protection  - technique for preventing corrosion of a metal surface by making the surface the cathode of an electrochemical cell.
  • cattle committed  - cattle that are scheduled to be delivered to a packer within the 7-day period beginning on the date of an agreement to sell the cattle.
  • cattle type  - the following types of cattle purchased for slaughter: (A) Fed steers. (B) Fed heifers. (C) Fed Holsteins and other fed dairy steers and heifers. (D) Cows. (E) Bulls.
  • causeway  - A craft similar in design to a barge, but longer and narrower, designed to assist in the discharge and transport of cargo from vessels.
  • causeway launching area  - An area located near the line of departure but clear of the approach lanes to an area located in the inner transport area.
  • cave  - any naturally occurring void, cavity, recess, or system of interconnected passages which occurs beneath the surface of the earth or within a cliff or ledge (including any cave resource therein, but not including any mine, tunnel, aqueduct, or other manmade excavation) and which is large enough to permit an individual to enter, whether or not the entrance is naturally formed or manmade. Such term shall include any natural pit, sinkhole, or other feature which is an extension of the entrance.
  • cave resource  - any material or substance occurring naturally in caves on Federal lands, such as animal life, plant life, paleontological deposits, sediments, minerals, speleogens, and speleothems.
  • C-day  - The unnamed day on which a deployment operation commences or is to commence.
  • cell  — A subordinate organization formed around a specific process, capability, or activity within a designated larger organization of a joint force commander’s headquarters.
  • cellulosic biofuel  - renewable fuel derived from any cellulose, hemicellulose, or lignin that is derived from renewable biomass and that has lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions, as determined by the

  117 Administrator, that are at least 60 percent less than the baseline lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions. §7545. )

  • census tract  - a census tract delineated by the United States Bureau of the Census in the most recent decennial census that is not located in a nonmetropolitan county and does not otherwise qualify as a qualified census tract.
  • center  - An enduring functional organization, with a supporting staff, designed to perform a joint function within a joint force commander’s headquarters.
  • center of gravity  - The source of power that provides moral or physical strength, freedom of action, or will to act. Also called COG. See also decisive point.
  • centigray  - A unit of absorbed dose of radiation (one centigray equals one rad).
  • Central Authority  - A) in the case of a Convention country, the meaning given such term in article 6 of the Hague Abduction Convention;(B) in the case of a bilateral procedures country, the official entity designated by the government of the bilateral procedures country within the applicable memorandum of understanding to discharge the duties imposed on the entity; and (C) in the case of a non-Convention country, the foreign ministry or other appropriate authority of such country.
  • Central Authority  - Each state party to the Hague Abduction Convention designates an entity to be responsible for coordinating the implementation of the Hague Abduction Convention in that country and to serve as the primary point of contact for communication with foreign Central Authorities. The Department of State is the U.S. Central Authority. The Office of Children’s Issues in the Consular Affairs Bureau (CA/ OCS/ CI) has been designated as the action office, and performs the functions required of the Central Authority under the Hague Abduction Convention.
  • central control officer  - The officer, embarked in the central control ship, designated by the amphibious task force commander for the overall coordination of the waterborne ship-to-shore movement. Also called CCO.
  • Central Index System  - database maintained by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) that serves as a central, DHS-wide index for basic immigrant and nonimmigrant status information on aliens and other individuals subject to the provisions of the immigration and Nationality Act.
  • Central Office of Record  - The Department element that keeps records of accountable COMSEC material held by accounts subject to its oversight. Also called COR.
  • Central Office of Record  - The office of a Federal department or agency that keeps records of accountable communications security (COMSEC) material held by elements subject to its oversight. Also called COR.
  • Central Overseas Processing Entity  - the Refugee Processing Center (RPC) version of the Worldwide Refugee Admissions Processing System (WRAPS) used at RPC to enter V-93 case information processed by consular posts or USCIS officers overseas. Also called COPE.
  • central service cost allocation plan  - the documentation identifying, accumulating, and allocating or developing billing rates based on the allowable costs of services provided by a governmental unit on a centralized basis to its departments and agencies. The costs of these services may be allocated or billed to users.
  • central station  - building or office which houses an organization whose employees monitor alarm systems.

  118  

  • centralized control  - 1. In air defense, the control mode whereby a higher echelon makes direct target assignments to fire units. 2. In joint air operations, placing within one commander the responsibility and authority for planning, directing, and coordinating a military operation or group/ category of operations. See also decentralized control.
  • certainty-equivalent  - A certain (i.e., nonrandom) outcome that an individual values equally to an uncertain outcome. For a risk averse individual, the certainty-equivalent for an uncertain set of benefits may be less than the mathematical expectation of the outcome; for example, an individual may value a 50-50 chance of winning $100 or $0 as only $45. Analogously, a risk-averse individual may have a certainty-equivalent for an uncertain set of costs that is larger in magnitude than the mathematical expectation of costs.
  • certificate of acknowledgment  - A notarizing officers certificate on a document that an individual appeared before the officer and declared that the instrument was the individuals act and deed.
  • certificate of death  - A document issued by local authorities to verify a person’s death.
  • certificate of eligibles  - list of applicants who have been deemed qualified for a position through the assessment process.
  • certificate of title  - a document issued by a State showing ownership of an automobile.
  • certificate of waiver and certificate of authorization  - a Federal Aviation Administration grant of approval for a specific flight operation.
  • certification  - comprehensive evaluation of technical and non-technical aspects made as part of and in support of the accreditation process establishes the extent to which a particular design and implementation meet a set of specified requirements; provides external verification of competencies achieved by an individual.
  • certification  - The comprehensive evaluation of the technical and non-technical security controls of an IT system to support the authorization process that establishes the extent to which a particular design and implementation meets a set of specified security requirements.
  • certification  - The final authorization for payment by an authorized certifying officer. Disbursing officials may disburse funds only as provided by a voucher that has been properly certified. In the case of voucher schedules, the certifying officers signature applies to all the individual vouchers listed on the schedule.
  • certification and accreditation  - comprehensive assessment of the management, operational, and technical security controls in an information system, made in support of security accreditation, to determine the extent to which the controls are implemented correctly, operating as intended, and producing the desired outcome with respect to meeting the security requirements of the system.
  • certification and repair center  - is a facility used by the Bureau of Information Resource Management, Deputy Chief Information Officer for Operations/ Chief Technology Officer, Information Technology Infrastructure Office, Technical Security and Safeguards Division (IRM/ FO/ ITI/ TSS) for program activities.
  • certification and repair center  - the CRC is a facility used by the Bureau of Information Resource Management, Deputy Chief Information Officer for Operations/ Chief Technology Officer, Information Technology Infrastructure Office, Technical Security and Safeguards Division (IRM/

  119 FO/ ITI/ TSS) for program activities. Also called CRC.

  • certification, accreditation, and security assessments  - Organizations must- (1) Periodically assess the security controls in organizational information systems to determine if the controls are effective in their application; (2) Develop and implement plans of action designed to correct deficiencies and reduce or eliminate vulnerabilities in organizational information systems; (3) Authorize the operation of organizational information systems and any associated information system connections; and (4) Monitor information system security controls on an ongoing basis to ensure the continued effectiveness of the controls. Also called CA.
  • certified applicator  - any individual who is certified as authorized to use or supervise the use of any pesticide which is classified for restricted use.

certified contractor- (A) a contractor, inspector, or supervisor who has completed a training program certified by the appropriate Federal agency and has met any other requirements for certification or licensure established by such agency or who has been certified by any State through a program which has been found by such Federal agency to be at least as rigorous as the Federal certification program; and (B) workers or designers who have fully met training requirements established by the appropriate Federal agency.

  • certified cost or pricing date  - cost or pricing data that were required to be submitted and have been certified, or is required to be certified. This certification states that, to the best of the person’s knowledge and belief, the cost or pricing data are accurate, complete, and current as of a date certain before contract award. Cost or pricing data are required to be certified in certain procurements.
  • chaff  - Radar confusion reflectors, consisting of thin, narrow metallic strips of various lengths and frequency responses, which are used to reflect echoes for confusion purposes.
  • chain of command  - A series of command, control, executive, or management positions in hierarchical order of authority.
  • chain of command  - The succession of commanding officers from a superior to a subordinate through which command is exercised. Also calledcommand channel.
  • Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction  — A document for all types of correspondence containing Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff policy and guidance that does not involve the employment of forces, which is of indefinite duration and is applicable to external agencies, or both the Joint Staff and external agencies. Also called CJCSI. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff manual.
  • Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff manual  — A document containing detailed procedures for performing specific tasks that do not involve the employment of forces, which is of indefinite duration and is applicable to external agencies or both the Joint Staff and external agencies. Also called CJCSM. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction.
  • chalk number  - The number given to a complete load and to the transporting carrier.
  • change  - addition, modification, replacement, or removal of something.
  • change detection  - An image enhancement technique that compares two images of the same area from different time periods and eliminates identical picture elements in order to leave the signatures that have undergone change.

  120  

change in control- (A) for a corporation, the sale or transfer of a controlling interest in the corporation;


  • change key  - key which operates only one cylinder or one group of keyed alike cylinders in a keying system.
  • change order  - a written order, signed by the contracting officer, directing the contractor to make a change that the Changes clause authorizes the contracting officer to order without the contractor’s consent.
  • change order  - Unilateral action taken by the contracting officer to modify the drawings, designs, specifications, method of shipping or packing, place of inspection, delivery, or acceptance of an existing contract.
  • change proposal  - document providing high level description of a significant change, along with a corresponding business case and an expected implementation schedule.
  • change record  - document containing the details of an addition, modification, replacement, or removal of something.
  • change schedule  - list of all authorized changes and related dates includes planned implementation dates and actual completion dates.
  • change transmittal  - Formerly known as Transmittal Letter (TL), the official document that implements formal directive changes to the FAM or FAH. It provides effective dates and necessary instructions for incorporating changes into the FAM or FAH. Also called CT.
  • changed conditions  - Construction site/ repair conditions which differ significantly from conditions indicated in the contract, or conditions ordinarily encountered in the performance of the type of work in the contract.
  • change-of-name agreement  - a legal instrument executed by the contractor and the Government that recognizes the legal change of name of the contractor without disturbing the original contractual rights and obligations of the parties.
  • channel  - An electrical path over which transmission can be made from one station to another.
  • channel airlift  - Airlift provided for movement of sustainment cargo, scheduled either regularly or depending upon volume of workload, between designated ports of embarkation and ports of debarkation over validated contingency or distribution routes.
  • channel check  - A service telegram exchanged between two connected transmission facilities to ensure channel continuity.
  • channel sequence number  - A numerical identifier starting with 000 and running consecutively to 999 on low volume circuits and 0000 consecutively to 9999 on high volume circuits, between two posts over a dedicated line. Also called CSN.
  • charg pay  - The additional compensation payable to- (1) A Foreign Service officer or any other officer with the appropriate commissioned title, including a Foreign Service information officer, serving as a charg daffaires ad interim at a diplomatic mission; or (2) A Foreign Service officer or consular officer who is not a Foreign Service officer serving as acting principal officer at a consulate general,

  121 a consulate, or a U.S. Interests Section.

  • charter air carrier  - an air carrier holding a certificate of public convenience and necessity that authorizes it to provide charter air transportation.
  • charter air transportation  - charter trips in air transportation authorized under this part.
  • check status inquiry  - Department of State inquiry directed to Treasury concerning the payment status or request for a copy of a U.S. Government (USG) check. Also called CSI.
  • check symbols  - The symbol numbers inscribed on checks, which are the checking account symbol numbers under which USDOs issue checks.
  • chemical agent  - A chemical substance that is intended for use in military operations to kill, seriously injure, or incapacitate mainly through its physiological effects. See also chemical warfare; riot control agent.
  • chemical agent  - chemical substance which is intended for use in military operations to kill, seriously injure, or incapacitate mainly through its physiological effects.
  • chemical agent and munition  - an agent or munition that, through its chemical properties, produces lethal or other damaging effects on human beings, except that such term does not include riot control agents, chemical herbicides, smoke and other obscuration materials.
  • chemical agent and munition  - an agent or munition that, through its chemical properties, produces lethal or other damaging effects on human beings, except that such term does not include riot control agents, chemical herbicides, smoke and other obscuration materials.
  • chemical facility of interest  - a facility that—
(A) holds, or that the Secretary has a reasonable basis to believe holds, a chemical of interest, at a threshold quantity set pursuant to relevant risk-related security principles; and (B) is not an excluded facility.
  • chemical hazard  - Any chemical manufactured, used, transported, or stored that can cause death or other harm through toxic properties of those materials, including chemical agents and chemical weapons prohibited under the Chemical Weapons Convention as well as toxic industrial chemicals.
  • chemical improvised explosive device enhancement  - chemical agent specifically designed to cause death or other harm through toxic properties that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED).
  • chemical timing switch  - timing switch using the reaction of chemical compounds as a switch to provide a delay before starting the initiation train.
  • chemical warfare  - All aspects of military operations involving the employment of lethal and incapacitating munitions/ agents and the warning and protective measures associated with such offensive operations. Also called CW. See also chemical agent; chemical weapon; riot control agent.
  • chemical weapon  - the following, together or separately: (A) A toxic chemical and its precursors, except where intended for a purpose not prohibited under this chapter as long as the type and quantity is consistent with such a purpose.(B) A munition or device, specifically designed to cause death or other harm through toxic properties of those toxic chemicals specified in subparagraph (A), which would be released as a result of the employment of such munition or device. (C) Any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the employment of munitions or devices

  122   specified in subparagraph (B).

  • chemical weapon  - the following, together or separately:
(A) A toxic chemical and its precursors, except where intended for a purpose not prohibited under this chapter as long as the type and quantity is consistent with such a purpose.
 (B) A munition or device, specifically designed to cause death or other harm through toxic properties of those toxic chemicals specified in subparagraph (A), which would be released as a result of the employment of such munition or device. (C) Any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the employment of munitions or devices.
  • chemical weapon  - together or separately—
(A) toxic chemicals and their precursors, except where intended for—(i) industrial, agricultural, research, medical, pharmaceutical, or other peaceful purposes; (ii) protective purposes, namely those purposes directly related to protection against toxic chemicals and to protection against chemical weapons; (iii) military purposes not connected with the use of chemical weapons and not dependent on the use of the toxic properties of chemicals as a method of warfare; or (iv) law enforcement including domestic riot control purposes, as long as the types and quantities are consistent with such purposes;
(B) munitions and devices, specifically designed to cause death or other harm through the toxic properties of those toxic chemicals specified in subparagraph (A), which would be released as a result of the employment of such munitions and devices; and (C) any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the employment of munitions and devices.
  • chemical weapon  - Together or separately, (a) a toxic chemical and its precursors, except when intended for a purpose not prohibited under the Chemical Weapons Convention; (b) a munition or device, specifically designed to cause death or other harm through toxic properties of those chemicals specified in (a), above, which would be released as a result of the employment of such munition or device; (c) any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the employment of munitions or devices specified in (b), above. See also chemical agent; chemical warfare; riot control agent.
  • chemical weapon  - toxic chemical or its precursor that can cause death, injury, temporary incapacitation or sensory irritation through its chemical action.

chemical weapons- (1) Toxic chemicals and their precursors, except where intended for purposes not prohibited under the Chemical Weapons Convention, as long as the types and quantities are consistent with such purposes; (2) Munitions and devices, specifically designed to cause death or other harm through the toxic properties of those toxic chemicals specified in subparagraph (1) of this definition, which would be released as a result of employing such munitions or devices; and (3) Any equipment specifically designed to be used directly in connection with the employment of the munitions and devices. Also called CW.

  • Chemical Weapons Convention  - The Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling, and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction entered into force April 29, 1997. The CWC obligates states parties to never under any circumstances develop, produce, or otherwise acquire, stockpile, or retain chemical weapons, or transfer, directly or indirectly, chemical weapons to anyone. The Treaty currently has 188 member states. Also called CWC.
  • Chemical Weapons Convention (1997)  - The global treaty outlawing developing, producing, acquiring, stockpiling, retaining, transferring, or using chemical weapons. Also called CWC.
  • chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear consequence management  - Actions taken to plan, prepare, respond to, and recover from chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear incidents. Also called CBRN CM.
  • chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear defense  - Measures taken to minimize or negate the vulnerabilities to, and/ or effects of, a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear hazard or

  123 incident. Also called CBRN defense. JP 3‐11 )

  • chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear environment  — An operational environment that includes chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear threats and hazards and their potential resulting effects. Also called CBRN environment.
  • chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear hazard  - Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear elements that could create adverse effects due to an accidental or deliberate release and dissemination. Also called CBRN hazard.
  • chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear incident  - Any occurrence, resulting from the use of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons and devices; the emergence of secondary hazards arising from counterforce targeting; or the release of toxic industrial materials into the environment, involving the emergence of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear hazards.
  • chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear weapon  - A fully engineered assembly designed for employment to cause the release of a chemical or biological agent or radiological material onto a chosen target or to generate a nuclear detonation. Also called CBRN weapon.
  • Chief Acquisition Officer  - an executive level acquisition official responsible for agency performance of acquisition activities and acquisition programs created.
  • Chief Disbursing Officer  - Treasury official who directs disbursing operations performed by Department of the Treasury regional disbursing offices located throughout the United States. Also called CDO.
  • Chief Elected Official  - A mayor, city manager, or county manager.
  • chief Information Officer  - the senior official that provides advice and other assistance to the head of the agency and other senior management personnel of the agency to ensure that IT is acquired and information resources are managed for the agency in a manner that achieves the agency’s strategic goals and information resources management goals; and is responsible for ensuring agency compliance with, and prompt, efficient, and effective implementation of, the information policies and information resources management responsibilities, including the reduction of information collection burdens on the public.
  • Chief Justice  - the Chief Justice of the United States or the designee of the Chief Justice, except that when there is a vacancy in the office of the Chief Justice, the most senior associate justice of the Supreme Court shall be deemed to be the Chief Justice for purposes of this chapter until the vacancy is filled.
  • chief of fires  - The senior organic fires Army staff officer at division and higher headquarters level who advises the commander on the best use of available fire support resources, provides input to necessary orders, and develops and implements the fire support plan. Also called COF.
  • Chief of Mission  - a principal officer in charge of a diplomatic mission of the United States or of a U. S. office abroad which has been designated diplomatic in nature or any member of the Foreign Service assigned under the terms of the Act to be charg daffaires or head of such a mission or office.
  • chief of mission  - ambassadors at large and ministers of diplomatic missions of the United States, or persons appointed to lead United States offices abroad designated by the Secretary of State as diplomatic in nature.
  • Chief of Mission  - Chiefs of mission as defined by the Foreign Service Act (22 U.S.C. 3902), and

  124   principal officers at posts not subject to the administrative jurisdiction of another post. FAM 511.3 )

  • Chief of Mission  - Principal officer appointed by the President, to be in charge of a diplomatic mission of the United States or of a U.S. office abroad which is designated by the Secretary of State as diplomatic in nature of the Foreign Service Act. Also, career members of the Service assigned by the President to serve as charg daffaires or otherwise as the head of a mission or the U.S. office abroad which is designated by the Secretary as diplomatic in nature for such periods as the public interest may require. Also called COM.
  • Chief of Mission  - The principal officer (the ambassador) in charge of a diplomatic facility of the United States, including any individual assigned to be temporarily in charge of such a facility. The chief of mission is the personal representative of the President to the country of accreditation. The chief of mission is responsible for the direction, coordination, and supervision of all US Government executive branch employees in that country (except those under the command of a US area military commander). The security of the diplomatic post is the chief of mission’s direct responsibility. Also called COM.
  • chief of mission  - The principal officer in charge of a diplomatic facility of the United States, including any individual temporarily assigned to be in charge of such a facility. Also called COM.
  • chief of mission  - the principal officer in charge of a diplomatic mission of the United States or of a United States office abroad which is designated by the Secretary of State as diplomatic in nature, including any individual assigned of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to be temporarily in charge of such a mission or office.
  • Chief of Staff  - The senior or principal member or head of a staff who acts as the controlling member of a staff for purposes of the coordination of its work or to exercise command in another’s name. Also called COS.
  • child  - a person under the age of 18 years.
  • child  - an unmarried child, under the age of 18 years, or such unmarried child regardless of age who, because of physical or mental disability incurred before age 18 is incapable of self-support. In addition to the offspring of the participant, the term includes- (a) An adopted child; (b) A stepchild or recognized natural child who received more than one-half support from the participant; and (c) A child who lived with and for whom a petition of adoption was filed by a participant, and who is adopted by the surviving spouse of the participant after the latter’s death.
  • child  - an unmarried person under 21 years of age. a. Bases for Child Status- (1) INA lists seven categories of the term child; (2) Previously, the term child as used at INA (D) was interpreted to require a genetic connection between the child and the parent. However, such an interpretation did not adequately account for advances in assisted reproductive technology (ART). Consequently, a new policy was adopted in 2014 to allow birth mothers (also referred to as gestational mothers) who are also the legal parent of the child to be treated the same as genetic mothers for the purpose of qualifying for immigration benefits. The new policy is retroactive. If you encounter a case in which the child born abroad to a gestational and legal mother was previously denied an immigration benefit under prior interpretation, the child potentially would be eligible for an immigration benefit upon the submission of a new application accompanied by appropriate fees and sufficient evidence that he or she meets all relevant statutory and regulatory requirements. (A petition according preference status must be regarded as approved to accord immediate relative status if the beneficiary has been declared a child of the petitioner by private legislation. You should regard such a petition as approved for that purpose as of the date of the enactment of the private legislation or of the effective date stated in the language of the private law. For additional information on private legislation and consular processing of cases involving private bills. Child Soldiers - Note that in the

  125 context of child soldiers, child is defined as a person under the age of 15.

  • child  - an unmarried student under the age of 22 years. For this purpose, a child whose twenty-second birthday occurs before July 1 or after August 31 of a calendar year, and while a student, is deemed to have become 22 years of age on the first day of July after the birthday.
  • child  - Any person below the age of eighteen.
  • Child Abuse  - The National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information provides the following operational definitions for the three main types of child maltreatment. Although any of the forms of child abuse may be found separately, they often occur in combination. Emotional abuse, for example, is almost always present when other forms are identified.
  • child abuse (as defined in the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990)  - the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse or exploitation, or negligent treatment of a child - Physical injury includes but is not limited to lacerations, fractured bones, burns, internal injuries, severe bruising, or serious bodily harm; Mental injury means harm to a child's psychological or intellectual functioning, which may be exhibited by severe anxiety, depression, withdrawal, or outward aggressive behavior, or a combination of those behaviors, which may be demonstrated by a change in behavior, emotional response, or cognition; Sexual abuse includes the employment, use, persuasion, inducement, enticement, or coercion of a child to engage in, or assist another person to engage in, sexually explicit conduct or the rape, molestation, prostitution, or other form of sexual exploitation of children, or incest with children; Sexually explicit conduct means actual or simulated - Sexual intercourse including sexual contact in the manner of genital-genital, oral-genital, anal-genital, or oral-anal contact, whether between persons of the same or opposite sex; sexual contact means the intentional touching, either directly or through clothing, of the genitalia, anus, groin, breast, inner thigh, or buttocks of any person with an intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse, or gratify sexual desire of any person; Bestiality; Masturbation; Lascivious exhibition of the genitals or pubic area of a person or animal; Sadistic or masochistic abuse; or Unlawful penetration with an object; Exploitation means child pornography or child prostitution; Negligent treatment means the failure to provide for reasons other than poverty, adequate food, clothing, shelter, or medical care so as to seriously endanger the physical health of the child; and Child abuse does not include discipline administered by a parent or legal guardian to his or her child provided it is reasonable in manner and moderate in degree and otherwise does not constitute cruelty.
  • Child Born Out of Wedlock  - a. Child Through the Mother Under INA- (1) A child born out of wedlock is the child of the natural mother under INA. The natural mothers name on the child’s birth certificate may be taken as proof of such relationship. (2) The term natural mother in INA includes a gestational mother who is the legal mother of a child at the time and place of birth, as well as genetic mother who is a legal mother of the child at the time and place of birth. Also see the note regarding assisted reproductive technology (ART) above in Bases for Child Status. b. Child Through the Father Under INA- (1) A child born out of wedlock is a child of the natural father under INA, provided the father has or had a bona fide parent-child relationship with the child. While an ongoing father-child relationship is not required to establish a bona fide parent or child relationship, you must ascertain whether a genuine parent or child relationship, not merely a tie by blood, exists or has existed at some point prior to the offspring’s 21st birthday and while the offspring is or was unmarried. (2) While each case must be determined based on the facts presented, you must be satisfied that the facts demonstrate the existence of a bona fide parent or child relationship before the child's 21st birthday. For instance, although not necessary, the moral or emotional behavior of the father or child toward each other, which reflects the existence of such a relationship, may constitute favorable evidence of the relationship, just as cohabitation may be another element of evidence of such relationship. (3) Proof of present or former familial relationship may include the- (a) Fathers acknowledgment within the community that the child is his own; (b) Fathers support for the child’s needs; and (c) Fathers active concern for child support, instruction,

  126   and general welfare, and interest in the child.

  • child care provider  - an individual or entity that provides or proposes to provide child care services for federal employees.
  • child development center employee  - a civilian employee of the Coast Guard who is employed to work in a Coast Guard child development center without regard to whether the employee is paid from appropriated or nonappropriated funds.

  • child labor  - the worst forms of child labor as defined in International Labor Convention 182, the Convention Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor, done at Geneva on June 17, 1999.
  • child marriage  - the marriage of a girl or boy who is — (A) younger than the minimum age for marriage under the laws of the country in which such girl or boy is a resident; or (B) younger than 18 years of age, if no such law exists.
  • child marriage  - the marriage of a girl or boy who is—(A) younger than the minimum age for marriage under the laws of the country in which such girl or boy is a resident; or (B) younger than 18 years of age, if no such law exists.
  • child neglect  - Characterized by failure to provide for the child's basic needs. The assessment of child neglect requires consideration of cultural values and standards of care as well as recognition that the failure to provide the necessities of life may be related to poverty.
  • child neglect  - the negligent treatment of a child by a person who is responsible for the child’s welfare
  • child restraint  - any device (including child safety seat, booster seat, harness, and excepting seat belts ) that is—
(i) designed for use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position children who weigh 65 pounds (30 kilograms) or less; and
(ii) certified to the Federal motor vehicle safety standard prescribed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration for child restraints.

child soldier- (A) (i) any person under 18 years of age who takes a direct part in hostilities as a member of governmental armed forces;(ii) any person under 18 years of age who has been compulsorily recruited into governmental armed forces; (iii) any person under 15 years of age who has been voluntarily recruited into governmental armed forces; or(iv) any person under 18 years of age who has been recruited or used in hostilities by armed forces distinct from the armed forces of a state; and (is serving in any capacity, including in a support role such as a cook, porter, messenger, medic, guard, or sex slave.

  • child support  - to provide such support, means amounts required to be paid under a judgment, decree, or order, whether temporary, final, or subject to modification, issued by a court or an administrative agency of competent jurisdiction, for the support and maintenance of a child, including a child who has attained the age of majority under the law of the issuing State, or a child and the parent with whom the child is living, which provides for monetary support, health care, arrearages or reimbursement, and which may include other related costs and fees, interest and penalties, income

  127 withholding, attorney's fees, and other relief.

  • child with a disability  - a child evaluated as having mental retardation, a hearing impairment (including deafness), a speech or language impairment, a visual impairment (including blindness), a serious emotional disturbance (referred to in this part as “emotional disturbance”), an orthopedic impairment, autism, traumatic brain injury, another health impairment, a specific learning disability, deaf-blindness, or multiple disabilities, and who, by reason thereof, needs special education and related services. (2)(i) if it is determined, through an appropriate evaluation, that a child has one of the disabilities, but only needs a related service and not special education, the child is not a child with a disability under this part. (ii) If, the related service required by the child is considered special education rather than a related service under State standards, the child would be determined to be a child with a disability.
  • child with a special need  - an individual less than 18 years of age who requires care or supervision beyond that required of children generally to — (A) meet the child's basic needs; or (B) prevent physical injury, self-injury, or injury to others.
  • childhood cancer  - a spectrum of different malignancies that vary by histology, site of disease, origin, race, sex, and age. The Secretary may revise the defined of such term to the extent determined by the Secretary to be appropriate.
  • child-occupied facility  - building or a portion of a building, visited regularly by the same child, six years of age or under, on at least two different days within any week (Sunday through Saturday period), provided that each day’s visit lasts at least three hours, the combined weekly visits last at least six hours, and the combined annual visits last at least 60 hours may include, but not limited to, daycare centers, preschools, and kindergarten classrooms.
  • children  - persons who have not attained 18 years of age.
  • children aged three through nine experiencing developmental delays  - Child with a disability for children aged three through nine (or any subset of that age range, including ages three through five), may, subject to the conditions, include a child: (1) Who is experiencing developmental delays, as defined by the State and as measured by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures, in one or more of the following areas: Physical development, cognitive development, communication development, social or emotional development, or adaptive development; and (2) Who, by reason thereof, needs special education and related services.
  • children and adolescents  - individuals who do not exceed 18 years of age.
  • children at risk  - children who are raised in poverty or in single-parent homes or are subject to such circumstances as parental drug abuse, homelessness, or child abuse.
  • children of prisoners  - children one or both of whose parents are incarcerated in a Federal, State, or local correctional facility. The term is deemed to include children who are in an ongoing mentoring relationship in a program at the time of their parents' release from prison, for purposes of continued participation in the program.

children of substance abusers- (A) children who have lived or are living in a household with a substance abuser who is acting in a parental role regarding the children; and (B) children who have been prenatally exposed to alcohol or other drugs.

  128   treatment of such musculo-skeletal conditions as the Secretary considers appropriate. US Code 38, §1710. )

  • chiropractor  - an individual who (A) is licensed to practice chiropractic in the State in which the individual performs chiropractic services; and (B) holds the degree of doctor of chiropractic from a chiropractic college accredited by the Council on Chiropractic Education.
  • chop shop  - a building, lot, facility, or other structure or premise at which at least one person engages in receiving, concealing, destroying, disassembling, dismantling, reassembling, or storing a passenger motor vehicle or passenger motor vehicle part that has been unlawfully obtained (A) to alter, counterfeit, deface, destroy, disguise, falsify, forge, obliterate, or remove the identity of the vehicle or part, including the vehicle identification number or a derivative of that number; and (B) to distribute, sell, or dispose of the vehicle or part in interstate or foreign commerce.
  • chop shop  - any building, lot, facility, or other structure or premise where one or more persons engage in receiving, concealing, destroying, disassembling, dismantling, reassembling, or storing any passenger motor vehicle or passenger motor vehicle part which has been unlawfully obtained in order to alter, counterfeit, deface, destroy, disguise, falsify, forge, obliterate, or remove the identity, including the vehicle identification number or derivative thereof, of such vehicle or vehicle part and to distribute, sell, or dispose of such vehicle or vehicle part in interstate or foreign commerce.

chronic disease—Anemia, primary Arteriosclerosis, Arthritis, Atrophy, progressive muscular Brain hemorrhage, Brain thrombosis, Bronchiectasis, Calculi of the kidney, bladder, or gallbladder, Cardiovascular-renal disease, including hypertension Cirrhosis of the liver, Coccidioidomycosis, Diabetes mellitus, Encephalitis lethargica, residuals Endocarditis, Endocrinopathies, Epilepsies,
 Hansen's disease,
Hodgkin's disease, Leukemia, Lupus erythematosus, systemic Myasthenia gravis, Myelitis, Myocarditis Nephritis, Organic diseases of the nervous system, Osteitis deformans (Paget's disease), Osteomalacia Palsy, bulbar Paralysis agitans ,Psychoses, Purpura idiopathic, hemorrhagic Raynaud's disease, Sarcoidosis, Scleroderma ,Sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral Sclerosis, multiple Syringomyelia, Thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease), Tuberculosis, active Tumors, malignant, or of the brain or spinal cord or peripheral nerves Ulcers, peptic (gastric or duodenal) and such other chronic diseases as the Secretary may add to this list.

  • chronically homeless  - with respect to an individual or family, that the individual or family — (i) is homeless and lives or resides in a place not meant for human habitation, a safe haven, or in an emergency shelter; (ii) has been homeless and living or residing in a place not meant for human habitation, a safe haven, or in an emergency shelter continuously for at least 1 year or on at least 4 separate occasions in the last 3 years; and (iii) has an adult head of household (or a minor head of household if no adult is present in the household) with a diagnosable substance use disorder, serious mental illness, developmental disability, post-traumatic stress disorder, cognitive impairments resulting from a brain injury, or chronic physical illness or disability, including the co-occurrence of 2 or more of those conditions.
  • chronological analysis  - process of performing a detailed examination of information organized in order of occurrence.
  • circuit  - The complete path between two terminals over which one-way or two-way communications may be provided.
  • circuit ride  - a visit by DHS officers or staff of Resettlement Support Centers (RSC) to prepare refugee cases and interview refugee applicants.
  • citizen corps  - A community-level program, administered by the Department of Homeland Security, that brings government and private-sector groups together and coordinates the emergency preparedness and response activities of community members. Through its network of community, State, and tribal councils, Citizen Corps increases community preparedness and response capabilities through public

  129 education, outreach, training, and volunteer service.

  • citizen of the United States  - any person who is a United States citizen by law, birth, or naturalization, any State, any agency of a State or a group of States, or any corporation, partnership, or association organized under the laws of any State which has as its president or other executive officer and as its chairman of the board of directors, or holder of a similar office, a person who is a United States citizen by law, birth or naturalization and which has no more of its directors who are not United States citizens by law, birth or naturalization than constitute a minority of the number required for a quorum necessary to conduct the business of the board.
  • citizens' police academy  - a program by local law enforcement agencies or private nonprofit organizations in which citizens, especially those who participate in neighborhood watch programs, are trained in ways of facilitating communication between the community and local law enforcement in the prevention of crime.
  • civic and cultural activities  - libraries, musical and dramatic presentations, art exhibits, adult education programs, public meeting places, and other facilities for carrying on an activity any part of which is supported under a law of the United States.
  • civil action  - a covered civil action.
  • civil action and criminal prosecution  - any proceeding (whether or not ancillary to another proceeding ) to the extent that in such proceeding a judicial order, including a subpoena for testimony or documents, is sought or issued. If removal is sought for a proceeding described in the previous sentence, and there is no other basis for removal, only that proceeding may be removed to the district court.
  • civil administration  - An administration established by a foreign government in (1) friendly territory, under an agreement with the government of the area concerned, to exercise certain authority normally the function of the local government; or (2) hostile territory, occupied by United States forces, where a foreign government exercises executive, legislative, and judicial authority until an indigenous civil government can be established. Also called CA.
  • civil affairs  - Designated Active and Reserve Component forces and units organized, trained, and equipped specifically to conduct civil affairs operations and to support civil-military operations. Also called CA.
  • civil affairs operations  - Actions planned, executed, and assessed by civil affairs forces that enhance awareness of and manage the interaction with the civil component of the operational environment; identify and mitigate underlying causes of instability within civil society; or involve the application of functional specialty skills normally the responsibility of civil government. Also called CAO.
  • civil aircraft  - an aircraft except a public aircraft.
  • civil aircraft  - those products to which the Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft applies, (B) the term large civil aircraft has the meaning given that term in Annex II to the US–EC bilateral agreement, (C) the term indirect support means indirect government support as defined in Annex II to the US– EC bilateral agreement.

civil aircraft and related articles- (A) all aircraft other than aircraft to be purchased for use by the Department of Defense or the United States Coast Guard; (B) the engines (and parts and components for incorporation therein) of such aircraft; (C) any other parts, components, and subassemblies for incorporation in such aircraft; and (D) any ground flight simulators, and parts and   130   components thereof, for use with respect to such aircraft, whether to be purchased for use as original or replacement equipment in the manufacture, repair, maintenance, rebuilding, modification, or conversion of such aircraft, and without regard to whether such aircraft or articles receive duty-free treatment.

  • civil augmentation program  - Standing, long-term external support contacts designed to augment Service logistic capabilities with contracted support in both preplanned and short notice contingencies. Also called CAP. See also contingency; contingency contract; external support contract.
  • civil authorities  - Those elected and appointed officers and employees who constitute the government of the United States, the governments of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, United States territories, and political subdivisions thereof.
  • civil authority information support  - The use of military information support operations capabilities to conduct public information dissemination activities to support national security or disaster relief operations within the United States and its territories in support of a lead federal agency. Also called CAIS.
  • civil disorder  - any public disturbance involving acts of violence by assemblages of three or more persons, which causes an immediate danger of or results in damage or injury to the property or person of any other individual.
  • civil emergency  - Any occasion or instance for which, in the determination of the President, federal assistance is needed to supplement state and local efforts and capabilities to save lives and to protect property and public health and safety, or to lessen or avert the threat of a catastrophe in any part of the United States.
  • civil information  - Relevant data relating to the civil areas, structures, capabilities, organizations, people, and events of the civil component of the operational environment used to support the situational awareness of the supported commander.
  • civil information management  — Process whereby data relating to the civil component of the operational environment is gathered, collated, processed, analyzed, produced into information products, and disseminated. Also called CIM.
  • civil liberties  - fundamental individual rights such as freedom of speech, press, or religion; due process of law; and other limitations on the power of the Government to restrain or dictate the actions of individuals. They are the freedoms that are guaranteed by the Bill of Rights the first ten Amendments to the Constitution of the United States. Civil liberties offer protection to individuals from improper Government action and arbitrary Governmental interference (as defined by the ISE Frequently Asked Questions.
  • civil reconnaissance  - A targeted, planned, and coordinated observation and evaluation of specific civil aspects of the environment such as areas, structures, capabilities, organizations, people, or events. Also called CR.
  • Civil Reserve Air Fleet  - A program in which the Department of Defense contracts for the services of specific aircraft, owned by a United States entity or citizen, during national emergencies and defense-oriented situations when expanded civil augmentation of military airlift activity is required. Also called CRAF. See also reserve.
  • Civil Reserve Air Fleet program  - the program developed by the Department of Defense through which the Department of Defense augments its airlift capability by use of civil aircraft.

  131

  • civil rights and civil liberties programs  - functions and activities dedicated to the protection of civil rights and civil liberties (including Equal Employment Opportunity) in support of the overall effort to build a model workplace at DHS includes resources, assets, budgets and processes provided for support.
  • Civil Rights movement  - the movement to secure racial equality in the United States for African Americans that, focusing on the period 1954 through 1968, challenged the practice of racial segregation in the Nation and achieved equal rights legislation for all American citizens.

civil rights- those rights and privileges of citizenship and equal protection that the State is constitutionally bound to guarantee all citizens regardless of race, religion, sex, or other characteristics unrelated to the worth of the individual. Protection of civil rights imposes an affirmative obligation upon Government to promote equal protection under the law. These civil rights to personal liberty are guaranteed to all U.S. citizens by the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments and by acts of Congress. Generally, the term civil rights involves positive (or affirmative) Government action to protect against infringement (as defined by the ISE Frequently Asked Questions).

  • civil search and rescue  - Search and/ or rescue operations and associated civilian services provided to assist persons in potential or actual distress and protect property in a nonhostile environment. Also called civil SAR.
  • civil service employees  - employees of the Federal Government except for members of the Foreign Service.
  • civil service position  - A position subject to classification under 5 U.S.C. Also called CS position.
  • civil transportation  - movement of persons and property by all modes of transportation in interstate, intrastate, or foreign commerce within the United States, its territories and possessions, and the District of Columbia, and related public storage and warehousing, ports, services, equipment and facilities, such as transportation carrier shop and repair facilities. Civil transportation also shall include direction, control, and coordination of civil transportation capacity regardless of ownership. Civil transportation shall not include transportation owned or controlled by the Department of Defense, use of petroleum and gas pipelines, and coal slurry pipelines used only to supply energy production facilities directly.
  • civil transportation  - movement of persons and property by all modes of transportation in interstate, intrastate, or foreign commerce within the United States, its territories and possessions, and the District of Columbia, and related public storage and warehousing, ports, services, equipment and facilities, such as transportation carrier shop and repair facilities. Civil transportation also shall include direction, control, and coordination of civil transportation capacity regardless of ownership. Civil transportation shall not include transportation owned or controlled by the Department of Defense, use of petroleum and gas pipelines, and coal slurry pipelines used only to supply energy production facilities directly.
  • civil unrest  - mass riots or protests; military or rebel attacks; and government-initiated actions that cause damage.
  • civilian American citizen  - any person who, being then a citizen of the United States, was captured by the Imperial Japanese Government on or after December 7, 1941, at Midway, Guam, Wake Island, the Philippine Islands, or any Territory or possession of the United States attacked or invaded by such government, or while in transit to or from any such place, or who went into hiding at any such place in order to avoid capture or internment by such government; except (1) a person who at any time voluntarily gave aid to, collaborated with, or in any manner served such government, or (2) a

  132   person who at the time of his capture or entrance into hiding was a regularly appointed, enrolled, enlisted, or inducted member of any military or naval force.

  • civilian American citizen  - any person who, being then a citizen of the United States, was captured in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam conflict by any force hostile to the United States, or who went into hiding in Southeast Asia, in order to avoid capture or internment by any such hostile force, except (i) a person who voluntarily, knowingly, and without duress, gave aid to or collaborated with or in any manner served any such hostile force, or (ii) a regularly appointed, enrolled, enlisted, or inducted member of the Armed Forces of the United States.
  • civilian employee  - An individual who works for a federal agency on an appointment without time limitation who is paid from appropriated funds, which includes working capital funds. A foreign national employee, temporary employee, term employee, non-appropriated fund employee, or uniformed personnel is not included in this definition.
  • civilian internee  — A civilian who is interned during armed conflict, occupation, or other military operation for security reasons, for protection, or because he or she committed an offense against the detaining power. Also called CI.
  • civilian medical or dental position  - a position for the performance of health care functions within the Department of Defense held by an employee of the Department or of a contractor of the Department.
  • civilian-military  - describes a relationship between U.S. uniformed military forces and U.S. governmental and nongovernmental civilian organizations and authorities, and the government and civilian populace of a foreign nation; most often applied at the tactical/ country level and used frequently at the operational/ regional level.
  • civil-military cooperation  - a broad term that covers a variety of collaborative relationships between civilian and military actors in a conflict environment. Civilian actors may include government officials, staff from international organizations, and representatives of nongovernmental organizations. Civ-mil cooperation ranges from occasional informational meetings to comprehensive programs where civilian and military partners share planning and implementation. Cooperation can be controversial, as the military may see civilians as unduly complicating their mission, and civilians-especially in the humanitarian field-may think that any association with the military will compromise their impartiality and threaten their personal safety. However, most experts see civ-mil cooperation as necessary to provide the security, knowledge, and skills needed to help transform a conflict into an enduring peace.
  • civil-military medicine  - A discipline within operational medicine comprising public health and medical issues that involve a civil-military interface (foreign or domestic), including military medical support to civil authorities (domestic), medical elements of cooperation activities, and medical civil-military operations.
  • civil-military operations  - Activities of a commander performed by designated civil affairs or other military forces that establish, maintain, influence, or exploit relations between military forces, indigenous populations, and institutions, by directly supporting the attainment of objectives relating to the reestablishment or maintenance of stability within a region or host nation. Also called CMO. See also civil affairs; operation.
  • civil-military operations  - the activities of a commander that establish, maintain, influence, or exploit relations between military forces, governmental and nongovernmental civilian organizations and authorities, and the civilian populace in a friendly, neutral, or hostile operational area in order to facilitate military operations, to consolidate and achieve operational U.S. objectives. Civil-military operations may include performance by military forces of activities and functions normally the

  133 responsibility of the local, regional, or national government. These activities may occur prior to, during, or subsequent to other military actions. They may also occur, if directed, in the absence of other military operations. Civil-military operations may be performed by designated civil affairs, by other military forces, or by a combination of civil affairs and other forces.

  • civil-military operations center  - An organization, normally comprised of civil affairs, established to plan and facilitate coordination of activities of the Armed Forces of the United States within indigenous populations and institutions, the private sector, intergovernmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, multinational forces, and other governmental agencies in support of the joint force commander. Also called CMOC. See also civil-military operations; operation.
  • civil-military team  - A temporary organization of civilian and military personnel task-organized to provide an optimal mix of capabilities and expertise to accomplish specific operational and planning tasks.
  • claim  - a written demand or written assertion by the governmental unit or grantor seeking, as a matter of right, the payment of money in a sum certain, the adjustment or interpretation of award terms, or other relief arising under or relating to the award. A voucher, invoice or other routine request for payment that is not a dispute when submitted is not a claim. Appeals, such as those filed by a governmental unit in response to questioned audit costs, are not considered claims until a final management decision is made by the Federal awarding agency.
  • claim  - A demand for monies due or alleged to be due, based on a valid claim provided to the Department.
  • claim  - a demand in writing for a sum certain.
  • claim  - a request, made in writing for a sum certain, for compensation for damages or removal costs resulting from an incident.
  • claim  - a right to payment, whether or not the right is reduced to judgment, liquidated, unliquidated, fixed, contingent, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured, or unsecured.
  • claim  - a written demand or written assertion by one of the contracting parties seeking, as a matter of right, the payment of money in a sum certain, the adjustment or interpretation of contract terms, or other relief arising under or relating to the contract. However, a written demand or written assertion by the contractor seeking the payment of money exceeding $100,000 is not a claim until certified as required by the statute. A voucher, invoice, or other routine request for payment that is not in dispute when submitted is not a claim. The submission may be converted to a claim, by written notice to the contracting officer, if it is disputed either as to liability or amount or is not acted upon in a reasonable time.
  • claim number  - Social Security Number (SSN) of the worker, living or deceased, on whose record the benefits are claimed and an alphabetical suffix assigned by SSA identifying the type of benefit involved.
  • claimability  - The length of time a payee can present a claim of nonreceipt, loss, or theft of a USG check.
  • claimant  - A person who is applying for Social Security benefits, whether on his/ her own Social Security record or on the record of a worker upon whom the applicant is or was dependent.
  • claimant  - any person or government who presents a claim for compensation under this subchapter.

  134   §2701 )

  • claimant  - any person who presents a claim for compensation.
  • claimant  - The claimant is the employee (or his or her dependent or legal representative) who requests reimbursement for the loss, damage, and/ or theft of personal property.
  • claimed invention  – the subject matter defined by a claim in a patent or an application for a patent.
  • claims  - Any claim filed by an employee of the Department of State or USAID for damage to, loss, destruction, capture, or abandonment of employees personal property incident to service.
  • Claims Assistance Officer  - At post, this officer is responsible for assisting employees in the preparation of claims. The CAO is appointed in writing by the post management officer. Duties include, but are not limited to- (1) Furnishing necessary claim forms to the employee; (2) Informing the employee of the time frame for filing claims; (3) Advising the employee of the evidence required to substantiate the claim; (4) Assisting the employee in obtaining copies of shipping documents, etc., available at the post or by requesting copies of pertinent documents from the Department, U.S. Despatch Agent, or other posts when such documents are not available at the claimants post; and (5) Informing the employee of who and what is involved and assisting the employee with procedures to follow in filing claims for recovery against the packers, shippers, insurers, etc. Also called CAO.
  • Claims Investigating Officer  - At post, this officer is an executive, administrative, or general services officer of the agency involved. Such officers prepare reports that are included with other documents when the claims are forwarded for adjudication to the appropriate agency. The claims investigating officer will not be the same individual functioning as the claims assistance officer unless special circumstances at the post, such as limited staff, make it absolutely necessary. Also called CIO.
  • C-LANClassified Local Area Network  - An assembly of member terminals in a Department facility or mission that can establish and maintain a secure communications link between any two of the member terminals. Basic C-LAN functions include - telegram transmission and receipt at the desktop; telegram retrieval from storage databases; e-mail exchange with other C-LAN subscribers at post; and word processing.
  • clandestine  - Any activity or operation sponsored or conducted by governmental departments or agencies with the intent to assure secrecy and concealment.
  • clandestine operation  - An operation sponsored or conducted by governmental departments or agencies in such a way as to assure secrecy or concealment. See also covert operation; overt operation.
  • clandestine physical access  - entry by an individual into a sensitive or secured area without proper authority and without the knowledge or consent of the occupants or the responsible security officer.
  • clarifications  - Limited exchanges between the U.S. Government and offerors that may occur when award without discussions is contemplated.
  • Class I railroad, Class II railroad, and Class III railroad  - railroad carriers that have annual carrier operating revenues that meet the threshold amount for Class I carriers, Class II carriers, and Class III carriers, respectively, as determined by the Surface Transportation Board.
  • classes of supply  - The ten categories into which supplies are grouped in order to facilitate supply management and planning. I. Rations and gratuitous issue of health, morale, and welfare items. II. Clothing, individual equipment, tentage, tool sets, and administrative and housekeeping supplies and

  135 equipment. III. Petroleum, oils, and lubricants. IV. Construction materials. V. Ammunition. VI. Personal demand items. VII. Major end items, including tanks, helicopters, and radios. VIII. Medical. IX. Repair parts and components for equipment maintenance. X. Nonstandard items to support nonmilitary programs such as agriculture and economic development. See also petroleum, oils, and lubricants.

  • classification  - assignment of proper pay plan, position title, occupational series and grade level to a position by application of authorized OPM or Departmental position classification standards and/ or methodologies. Also referred to as Position Classification.
  • classification  - the act or process by which information is determined to be classified information.
  • classification  - The determination that certain information requires protection against unauthorized disclosure in the interest of national security, coupled with the designation of the level of classification - Top Secret (TS), Secret, or Confidential.
  • classification  - The determination that official information requires, in the interests of national security, a specific degree of protection against unauthorized disclosure, coupled with a designation signifying that such a determination has been made. See also security classification.
  • classification process  - action of assigning a category to something.
  • classification authority  - The original classification authority or derivative classifier described in the classification block by the individuals name or position who classified document. (See original classification authority. )
  • classification guidance  - any instruction or source that prescribes the classification of specific information.
  • classification guide  - a documentary form of classification guidance issued by an original classification authority that identifies the elements of information regarding a specific subject that must be classified and establishes the level and duration of classification for each such element.
  • classification guides  - Documents issued in an exercise of authority for original classification that include determinations with respect to the proper level and duration of classification of categories of classified information.
  • classification society  - a non-governmental organization that establishes safe standards for the strength of the hull and reliability of the machinery of a vessel and may issue certificates on behalf of a government (e.g. American Bureau of Shipping or Det Norske Veritas for the United States).
  • classified acquisition  - an acquisition in which offerors must have access to classified information to properly submit an offer or quotation, to understand the performance requirements, or to perform the contract.
  • classified contract  - any contract in which the contractor or its employees must have access to classified information during contract performance. A contract may be a classified contract even though the contract document itself is unclassified.
  • classified diplomatic pouch  - A properly documented and sealed envelope, parcel, shipping container, or any other kind of receptacle used by diplomatic missions to transmit approved correspondence, documents, publications, and other articles for official use between the Department, post, and between posts. Diplomatic pouches are protected under Article 27 of the Vienna Convention on

  136   Diplomatic Relations from being searched, seized, or detained. Classified diplomatic pouches are prepared in accordance with 14 FAM and accompanied by appropriately cleared diplomatic couriers.

  • classified document  - recorded classified information regardless of its physical form or characteristics, including, without limitation, written or printed matter, tapes, charts, maps, paintings, drawings, engravings, sketches, working notes and papers; reproductions of such things by any means of process; and sound, voice, magnetic, or electronic recordings in any form; is marked to indicate its classified status when in documentary form as Top Secret, Secret, or Confidential.

classified information- (A) any information or material that has been determined by an official of the United States pursuant to law, an Executive order, or regulation to require protection against unauthorized disclosure for reasons of national security, and (B) any restricted data of the Atomic Energy Act.

  • classified information  - any information that has been determined pursuant to Executive Order No. 12333 of December 4, 1981, Executive Order No. 12958 of April 17, 1995, or successor orders, to require protection against unauthorized disclosure and that is so designated.
  • classified information  - any information that has been determined pursuant to Executive Order No. 12356 of April 2, 1982, or successor orders, or the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, to require protection against unauthorized disclosure and that is so designated;
  • classified information  - any information the unauthorized disclosure of which (as determined under applicable law and regulations) could reasonably be expected to damage the national security.
  • classified information  - any knowledge that can be communicated or any documentary material, regardless of its physical form or characteristics, that — (1)(i) Is owned by, is produced by or for, or is under the control of the United States Government; or (ii) Has been classified by the Department of Energy as privately generated restricted data; and (2) Must be protected against unauthorized disclosure according to Executive Order 12958, Classified National Security Information, April 17, 1995, or classified in accordance with the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
  • classified information  - information or material designated and clearly marked or clearly represented, pursuant to the provisions of a statute or Executive order (or a regulation or order issued pursuant to a statute or Executive order), as requiring a specific degree of protection against unauthorized disclosure for reasons of national security.
  • classified information  - Information or material, herein collectively termed information, owned by, produced for or by, or under the control of the U.S. Government, and that has been determined pursuant to Executive Order 13526 or prior orders to require protection against unauthorized disclosure, coupled with the designation of the level of classification. Also referred to as national security information.
  • classified information  - information that has been determined pursuant to Executive Order 13526 or any predecessor order to require protection against unauthorized disclosure is marked to indicate its classified status when in documentary form.
  • classified information  - Official information that has been determined to require, in the interests of national security, protection against unauthorized disclosure and which has been so designated.
  • classified information access  - ability or opportunity to gain knowledge of classified information.
  • classified information spillage  - When classified data is processed or received on an information system

  137 with a lower level of classification. USAID, FAM, 12 FAM 091 )

  • Classified Local Area Network  - An assembly of member terminals in a Department facility or mission that can establish and maintain a secure communications link between any two of the member terminals. Basic C-LAN functions include - telegram transmission and receipt at the desktop; telegram retrieval from storage databases; e-mail exchange with other C-LAN network subscribers; and word-processing. Also called C-LAN.
  • classified message  - In SMART, an archive or working email that is marked as Confidential or Secret and can only be received (or retrieved from the archive) by individuals with an appropriate security clearance.
  • classified national security information  - information that has been determined pursuant to Executive Order 13526 or any predecessor order to require protection against unauthorized disclosure is marked to indicate its classified status when in documentary form.
  • classified national security information  - information that is classified or classifiable under Executive Order 12958 or a successor Executive order.
  • Classified National Security Information or classified information  - information that has been determined pursuant to Executive Order 13526, or any predecessor or successor order, to require protection against unauthorized disclosure, and is marked to indicate its classified status when in documentary form.
  • classified pouch/ mailroom  - A core controlled access area and/ or vault located at an embassy or consulate approved for the storage of Top Secret material in which items are processed for distribution.
  • classifier  - An individual who makes a classification determination and applies a security classification to information or material. A classifier may either be a classification authority or may assign a security classification based on a properly classified source or a classification guide.
  • classNet  - A physical and logical Internet Protocol (IP)-based global network that links the Department of States domestic sites and embassies, consulates, and annexes abroad for communications up to and including the Secret level of classification.
  • classNet  - ClassNet stands for Classified Network. It is a global network that securely transfers critical classified information through the transmission of e-mail, documents, and incoming and outgoing telegrams to Department of State employees.
  • clean alternative fuel  - any fuel (including methanol, ethanol, or other alcohols (including any mixture thereof containing 85 percent or more by volume of such alcohol with gasoline or other fuels), reformulated gasoline, diesel, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, and hydrogen) or power source (including electricity) used in a clean-fuel vehicle that complies with the standards and requirements applicable to such vehicle under this subchapter when using such fuel or power source. In the case of any flexible fuel vehicle or dual fuel vehicle.
  • clean and efficient energy technology  - an energy supply or end-use technology that, compared to a similar technology already in widespread commercial use in a recipient country, will—(A) reduce emissions of greenhouse gases; or (B)(i) increase efficiency of energy production; or (ii) decrease intensity of energy usage.
  • cleanup cost  - cost of removing, containing, and/ or disposing of hazardous waste from property, or material and/ or property that consists of hazardous waste at a permanent or temporary closure or

  138   shutdown of associated property, plant, and equipment (PP&E).

  • clear and convincing evidence  - The phrase clear and convincing evidence appears several times in INA with reference to undesignated terrorist organizations. The INA places the burden of proof on the applicant to establish that he or she did not know, or should not have reasonably known, that the undesignated terrorist organization was, in fact, a terrorist organization. (Applicants are deemed to know that designated terrorist organizations are terrorist organizations, regardless of their actual knowledge or belief). (2) (U) You must consider the following in determining whether a visa applicant can demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that he or she did not know, and should not reasonably have known, that an undesignated organization was a terrorist organization- (a) (U) Facts particular to the individual, such as residence, profession, education, and people with whom and groups with which the applicant has associated; (b) (U) The public availability of information about the organization and more specifically, about the activities that make it a terrorist organization under the INAs broad definition; and (c) (U) The extent to which the organization is actively and overtly engaged in the activities that make it a terrorist organization under the INA.
  • clear mode  - Unencrypted plain text mode.
  • clearance capacity  - An estimate expressed in agreed upon units of cargo measurement per day of the cargo or people that may be transported inland from a beach or port over the available means of inland communication, including roads, railroads, airlift, and inland waterways. See also throughput capacity.
  • clearance decontamination  - The final level of decontamination that provides the decontamination of equipment and personnel to a level that allows unrestricted transportation, maintenance, employment, and disposal.
  • cleared swap  - any swap that is, directly or indirectly, submitted to and cleared by a derivatives clearing organization registered with the Commission.
  • cleared U.S. citizen  - A citizen of the United States who has undergone a background investigation by an authorized U.S. Government Agency and been issued a Confidential, Secret, or Top Secret security clearance in accordance with Executive Orders 12968 and 10450 and implementing guidelines and standards. Abroad - Cleared U.S. citizens are required to have, at minimum, Secret-level clearances.
  • clearing operation  - An operation designed to clear or neutralize all mines and obstacles from a route or area.
  • clearinghouse  - A distributed network of data producers, managers, and users linked electronically, such as over the Internet. Through the Clearinghouse, users can use a single interface to search and access metadata and/ or data for the themes they seek. The Clearinghouse includes the sites across the country where the metadata and data are stored, usually at the site of the producer or intermediary.
  • clearinghouse  - a public or private entity that processes or facilitates the processing of nonstandard data elements into data elements conforming to standards adopted.
  • click-wrap  - A procedure where the user must click on an object before further action can take place. For example, a website might require a user to acknowledge certain terms and conditions before allowing the user to log in or access certain parts of the website. For purposes of this chapter, click- wrap procedures that lack any mechanism for authenticating the identity of the signer are not considered electronic signatures.
  • client, a client  - the user in the client/ server relationship that receives information, files, Web pages, and other services from a server on a network. The word client - the computer hardware and to the

  139 software application that makes the client function. FAM 713 )

  • Cliffside Field  - the helium storage reservoir in which the Federal Helium Reserve is stored.
  • climate  - the spatial and temporal characteristics of the Earth's atmosphere/ hydrosphere/ land surface system. These data represent both model-generated and observed (either in situ or remotely sensed) environmental information, which can be summarized to describe surface, near surface and atmospheric conditions over a range of scales.
  • climate change  — Variations in average weather conditions that persist over multiple decades or longer that encompass increases and decreases in temperature, shifts in precipitation, and changing risk of certain types of severe weather events.
  • clinical competency review  - active and organized process to evaluate and improve care and services in the health community criteria is clinical in nature and defined by nationally recognized standards of practice and care.
  • clinical practice guidelines  - set of systematically developed statements that should be based on scientific evidence, to assist practitioners and patient decision-making about appropriate healthcare for specific clinical circumstances.
  • clinical research  - patient oriented clinical research conducted with human subjects, or research on the causes and consequences of disease in human populations involving material of human origin (such as tissue specimens and cognitive phenomena) for which an investigator or colleague directly interacts with human subjects in an outpatient or inpatient setting to clarify a problem in human physiology, pathophysiology or disease, or epidemiologic or behavioral studies, outcomes research or health services research, or developing new technologies, therapeutic interventions, or clinical trials.
  • clinically susceptible concentrations  - specific values which characterize bacteria as clinically susceptible, intermediate, or resistant to the drug (or drugs) tested.
  • clock mechanism  - internal working parts of a clock used in an improvised manner to function an IED.
  • close air support  — Air action by fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and that require detailed integration of each air mission with the fire and movement of those forces. Also called CAS. See also air interdiction.
  • close call  - event or situation that could have resulted in harm but did not, either by chance or through timely intervention.
  • close support  - The action of the supporting force against targets or objectives that are sufficiently near the supported force as to require detailed integration or coordination of the supporting action. See also direct support; general support; mutual support; support.
  • close support area  - Those parts of the ocean operating areas nearest to, but not necessarily in, the objective area.
  • closed status  - final status in the lifecycle of an incident, problem, change etc.
  • closed enforcement action  - enforcement action that has been resolved may be resolved by one of the following: a. Revocation of the action by the regulating authority; b. Closure of the action following

  140   written notice from the regulating authority that the action is closed or resolved; c. Closure of the action, after a reasonable time span, following written notice from the regulating authority of their intent to close the enforcement action; d. Receipt of a signed compliance agreement order; e. Adjudication of the matter, as before an Administrative Law Judge; or f. Approval from the EPM to close the finding. Terms )

  • closed recommendation  - A recommendation is closed when one of the following situations applies- (1 ) OIG formally notifies the action office that satisfactory evidence of final action (i.e., information provided by the action office that confirms or attests to implementation) on an OIG recommendation has been accepted. The closing of a recommendation from an OIG report does not relieve the responsible manager of the obligation to report to OIG any changed circumstances substantially affecting the problem areas addressed in the recommendation or report and the effectiveness of agreed actions to correct these problems; (2) OIG acknowledges to the action office that an alternative course of action to the action proposed in the recommendation will satisfy the intent of the recommendation, and satisfactory evidence showing that the alternative action has been completed is provided to OIG; (3) OIG agrees partial implementation is acceptable and has been completed, or that noncompliance is acceptable; (4) Department management has agreed with the recommendation and implementation has been completed, or a negative decision has been reached through impasse procedures; and (5) OIG acknowledges to the action office that a major milestone has been achieved or a significant amount of the action necessary to implement the recommendation has been taken.
  • close-out  - The accounting classification that reflects the discharge of a debt after the Department of State determines that further debt collection actions are prohibited (for example, a debt released from liability in bankruptcy court) or that it does not plan to take any future actions (either active or passive) to try to collect the debt.
  • closeout  - the process by which a Federal awarding agency determines that all applicable administrative actions and all required work of the award have been completed by the recipient and Federal awarding agency.
  • closing date  - in the case of any fair means the date when the fair will close, or (if earlier) the date on which such fair actually closes.
  • closure  - In transportation, the process of a unit’s arriving at a specified location.
  • closure action  - action of changing the status of an incident, problem, change etc. to closed.
  • cluster of programs  - a grouping of closely related programs that share common compliance requirements. The types of clusters of programs are research and development (R&D), student financial aid (SFA), and other clusters. Other clusters are as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in the compliance supplement or as designated by a State for Federal awards the State provides to its subrecipients that meet the definition of a cluster of programs. When designating another cluster, a State shall identify the Federal awards included in the cluster and advise the subrecipients of compliance requirements applicable to the cluster. A cluster of programs shall be considered as one program for determining major programs, and with the exception of R&D, whether a program-specific audit may be elected.
  • coach-class air accommodations  - The basic class of accommodations offered by an air carrier to passengers that includes a level of service available to all passengers regardless of the fare paid. The terms tourist or economy class are used sometimes for this class of accommodation.
  • coach-class train accommodations  - The basic class of train accommodations offered by rail carriers to

  141 passengers that includes a level of service that is available to all passengers regardless of fare paid. The term coach-class train accommodations includes reserved coach accommodations, as well as slumber coach accommodations, when overnight travel is involved. USAID, FAM, 14 FAM 511.3 )

  • coal  - any of the recognized classifications and ranks of coal, including anthracite, bituminous, semibituminous, subbituminous, and lignite.
  • coal  - metallurgical coal, coking coal, or fuel coke.
  • coal mine  - an area of land and all structures, facilities, machinery, tools, equipment, shafts, slopes, tunnels, excavations, and other property, real or personal, placed upon, under, or above the surface of such land by any person, used in, or to be used in, or resulting from, the work of extracting in such area bituminous coal, lignite, or anthracite from its natural deposits in the earth by any means or method, and the work of preparing the coal so extracted, and includes custom coal preparation facilities.
  • coal mine  - any underground, surface, or strip mine from which coal is obtained.

coal or other mine- (A) an area of land from which minerals are extracted in nonliquid form or, if in liquid form, are extracted with workers underground, (B) p including impoundments, retention dams, and tailings ponds, on the surface or underground, used in, or to be used in, or resulting from, the work of extracting such minerals from their natural deposits in nonliquid form, or if in liquid form, with workers underground, or used in, or to be used in, the milling of such minerals, or the work of preparing coal or other minerals, and includes custom coal preparation facilities. In making a determination of what constitutes mineral milling for purposes of this chapter, the Secretary shall give due consideration to the convenience of administration resulting from the delegation to one Assistant Secretary of all authority with respect to the health and safety of miners employed at one physical establishment of private ways and roads appurtenant to such area, and (C) lands, excavations, underground passageways, shafts, slopes, tunnels and workings, structures, facilities, equipment, machines, tools, or other property.

  • coalition  - An arrangement between two or more nations for common action. See also alliance; multinational.
  • Coast Guard child development center  - a facility on Coast Guard property or on property under the jurisdiction of the commander of a Coast Guard unit at which child care services are provided for members of the Coast Guard.
  • coast line  - the line of ordinary low water along that portion of the coast which is in direct contact with the open sea and the line marking the seaward limit of inland waters.
  • coastal and marine spatial planning  - a comprehensive, adaptive, integrated, ecosystem-based, and transparent spatial planning process, based on sound science, for analyzing current and anticipated uses of ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes areas. Coastal and marine spatial planning identifies areas most suitable for various types or classes of activities in order to reduce conflicts among uses, reduce environmental impacts, facilitate compatible uses, and preserve critical ecosystem services to meet economic, environmental, security, and social objectives. In practical terms, coastal and marine spatial planning provides a public policy process for society to better determine how the ocean, our coasts, and Great Lakes are sustainably used and protected—now and for future generations.
  • coastal and marine spatial plans  - the plans that are certified by the National Ocean Council as developed in accordance with the definition, goals, principles, and process described in the Final

  142   Recommendations. §857–19 )

  • coastal ecosystem  - a system of interacting biological, chemical, and physical components throughout the water column, water surface, and benthic environment of coastal waters.
  • coastal environment  - the navigable waters (including the lands therein and term includes transitional and intertidal areas, bays, lagoons, salt marshes, estuaries, and beaches; the fish, wildlife and other living resources thereof; and the recreational and scenic values of such lands, waters and resources.
  • coastal environment  - the physical atmospheric, and biological components, conditions, and factors which interactively determine the productivity, state, condition, and quality of the terrestrial ecosystem from the shoreline inward to the boundaries of the coastal zone.
  • coastal fishery management plan  - a plan for managing a coastal fishery resource, or an amendment to such plan, prepared and adopted by the Commission, that — (A) contains information regarding the status of the resource and related fisheries; and (B) specifies conservation and management actions to be taken by the States.
  • coastal fishery resource  - any fishery, any species of fish, or any stock of fish that moves among, or is broadly distributed across, waters under the jurisdiction of two or more States or waters under the jurisdiction of one or more States and the exclusive economic zone.
  • coastal political subdivision  - any local political jurisdiction that is immediately below the State level of government, including a county, parish, or borough, with a coastline that is contiguous with any portion of the United States Gulf of Mexico.
  • coastal sea control  - The employment of forces to ensure the unimpeded use of an offshore coastal area by friendly forces and, as appropriate, to deny the use of the area to enemy forces.
  • coastal State  - any State of the United States in or bordering on the Atlantic, Pacific, or Arctic Oceans, or the Gulf of Mexico.
  • coastal water quality  - the physical, chemical and biological parameters that relate to the health and integrity of coastal ecosystems.
  • coastal water quality monitoring  - a continuing program of measurement, analysis, and synthesis to identify and quantify coastal water quality conditions and trends to provide a technical basis for decision-making.
  • coastal waters  - that part of the ocean extending from the coast line of the United States to the outer boundary of the outer Continental Shelf.
  • coastal waters  - waters of the Great Lakes, including their connecting waters and those portions of rivers, streams, and other bodies of water having unimpaired connection with the open sea up to the head of tidal influence, including wetlands, intertidal areas, bays, harbors, and lagoons, including waters of the territorial sea of the United States and the contiguous Atmosphere.
  • code of ethics  - such standards as are reasonably necessary to promote — (1) honest and ethical conduct, including the ethical handling of actual or apparent conflicts of interest between personal and professional relationships; (2) full, fair, accurate, timely, and understandable disclosure in the periodic reports required to be filed by the issuer; and (3) compliance with applicable governmental rules and regulations.
  • code room  - The designated and restricted area in which cryptographic operations are conducted.

  143 FAM 091 )

  • code set  - any set of codes used for encoding data elements, such as tables of terms, medical concepts, medical diagnostic codes, or medical procedure codes.
  • code word  - 1. A word that has been assigned a classification and a classified meaning to safeguard intentions and information regarding a classified plan or operation. 2. A cryptonym used to identify sensitive intelligence data.
  • code word  - single word assigned to a classified meaning by appropriate authority to ensure proper security concerning intentions safeguards information pertaining to actual, real-world plans or operations classified confidential or higher.
  • Code-share flight  - A U.S.-flag air carrier service resulting from an agreement between a U.S. carrier and a foreign carrier which allows the U.S. carrier to lease seating space on an aircraft belonging to (and operated by) a foreign carrier. A code-share flight qualifies as a U.S.-certificated service and complies with the Fly America Act, provided the ticket, or documentation for an electronic ticket, identifies the U.S. carriers code and flight number.
  • co-developer partner  - partner who is not the customer or end user who co-funds the research or provides a portion of the solution.
  • codicil  - An addition, supplement, or modification to a will. A codicil does not dispose of the entire estate, and does not normally revoke in to a prior will.

coercion- (A) threats of serious harm to or physical restraint against any person; (B) any scheme, plan, or pattern intended to cause a person to believe that failure to perform an act would result in serious harm to or physical restraint against any person; or (C) the abuse or threatened abuse of the legal process.

  • cogeneration  - the combined generation by any facility of (A) electrical or mechanical power, and (B ) steam or forms of useful energy (such as heat) which are used for industrial, commercial, heating, or cooling purposes.
  • cogeneration facility  - a facility which produces—
(i) electric energy, and
(ii) steam or forms of useful energy (such as heat) which are used for industrial, commercial, heating, or cooling purposes.
  • cognitive driving distraction  - Mental workload that involves thinking about something other than the primary driving task, including the conduct of conversations with other individuals either on the phone or in the vehicle.
  • cognizant agency  - the Federal agency responsible for reviewing, negotiating, and approving cost allocation plans or indirect cost proposals developed on behalf of all Federal agencies. OMB publishes a listing of cognizant agencies.
  • cognizant agency for audit  - The Federal agency designated to carry out the responsibilities.
  • cognizant agency for audit  - the Federal agency designated to carry out the responsibilities.
  • cognizant federal agency  - the Federal agency that, on behalf of all Federal agencies, is responsible for establishing final indirect cost rates and forward pricing rates, if applicable, and administering cost

  144   accounting standards for all contracts in a business unit.

  • Cognizant Security Authority  - person designated to serve as the responsible official for all aspects of security program management with respect to protection of intelligence sources and methods under the Senior Official to the Intelligence Community responsibility.
  • collaboration  - the process of working together to achieve shared goals.
  • collapsing circuit switch  - switch which utilizes a circuit designed to detect a failure in an active circuit by monitoring voltage or amperage levels on the target circuit (wire being cut or battery drain).
  • collateral consanguinity  - The relationship that exists between persons who have common ancestors, but who do not descend/ ascend one from the other (for example, an uncle and nephew).
  • collateral damage  - Unintentional or incidental injury or damage to persons or objects that would not be lawful military targets in the circumstances ruling at the time.
  • collateral information  - A common reference to national security information, excluding national intelligence information, classified in accordance with Executive Order 13526, dated December 29, 2009.

collateral source benefit -any amount paid or to be paid in the future to or on behalf of the plaintiff, or any service, product, or other benefit provided or to be provided in the future to or on behalf of the plaintiff, as a result of the injury or wrongful death, pursuant to — (i) any State or Federal health, sickness, income-disability, accident, or workers' compensation law; (ii) any health, sickness, income-disability, or accident insurance that provides health benefits or income-disability coverage; (iii) any contract or agreement of any group, organization, partnership, or corporation to provide, pay for, or reimburse the cost of medical, hospital, dental, or income disability benefits; or (iv) any other publicly or privately funded program.

  • collect and detect  - ability to discover, find, receive, and/ or catalogue data, information, and intelligence about people, cargo, conveyances, and infrastructure associated with a domain and its environment.
  • collection  - In intelligence usage, the acquisition of information and the provision of this information to processing elements. See also intelligence process.
  • collection agency  - Any individual, organization, or unit that has access to sources of information and the capability of collecting information from them. See also agency.
  • collection asset  - A collection system, platform, or capability that is supporting, assigned, or attached to a particular commander. See also collection.
  • collection management  - In intelligence usage, the process of converting intelligence requirements into collection requirements, establishing priorities, tasking or coordinating with appropriate collection sources or agencies, monitoring results, and retasking, as required. See also collection; collection requirement; collection requirements management; intelligence; intelligence process.
  • collection management plan  - A detailed effort to ensure that all exercise joint mission-essential tasks, training objectives, and specified training audience processes are analyzed and reported; describes

  145 who, what, when, where, how, and how much data to collect. Operations Group, Glossary )

  • collection manager  - An individual with responsibility for the timely and efficient tasking of organic collection resources and the development of requirements for theater and national assets that could satisfy specific information needs in support of the mission. Also called CM. See also collection.
  • collection of information  - The obtaining, causing to be obtained, soliciting, or requiring the disclosure to third parties or the public, of facts or opinions by or for an agency, regardless of form or format, calling for answers to identical questions posed to, or identical reporting or recordkeeping requirements imposed on, ten or more persons, other than agencies, instrumentalities, or employees of the United States.
  • collection operations management  - The authoritative direction, scheduling, and control of specific collection operations and associated processing, exploitation, and reporting resources. Also called COM. See also collection management; collection requirements management.
  • collection plan  - A systematic scheme to optimize the employment of all available collection capabilities and associated processing, exploitation, and dissemination resources to satisfy specific information requirements. See also information requirements; intelligence process.
  • collection planning  - A continuous process that coordinates and integrates the efforts of all collection units and agencies. See also collection.
  • collection point  - A point designated for the assembly of personnel casualties, stragglers, disabled materiel, salvage, etc., for further movement to collecting stations or rear installations. Also called CP.
  • collection posture  - The current status of collection assets and resources to satisfy identified information requirements.
  • collection requirement  - A valid need to close a specific gap in intelligence holdings in direct response to a request for information.
  • collection requirements management  - The authoritative development and control of collection, processing, exploitation, and/ or reporting requirements that normally result in either the direct tasking of requirements to units over which the commander has authority, or the generation of tasking requests to collection management authorities at a higher, lower, or lateral echelon to accomplish the collection mission. Also called CRM. See also collection; collection management; collection operations management.
  • collection resource  - A collection system, platform, or capability that is not assigned or attached to a specific unit or echelon which must be requested and coordinated through the chain of command. See also collection management.
  • collection strategy  - An analytical approach used by collection managers to determine which intelligence disciplines can be applied to satisfy information requirements.
  • collections, official  - Amounts received for credit to appropriation accounts, general fund receipt accounts or to suspense accounts. Collections may be made for official purposes only.
  • collective  - A listing of several posts and/ or activities grouped for a specific purpose or type of telegraphic traffic. There are two types of collectives - Department originated, to which only the activities or bureaus within the Department may originate telegraphic traffic; and field originated, to which any member of that particular collective may originate a telegram. Posts that are not in a collective may not send telegrams to that particular collective. Military addressees are not

  146   authorized to use collectives.

  • collective  - A listing of several posts and/ or activities grouped for a specific purpose or type of telegraphic traffic. There are two types of collectives - Department originated, to which only the activities or bureaus within the Department may originate telegraphic traffic; and field originated, to which any member of that particular collective may originate a cable. Posts that are not in a collective may not send cables to that particular collective. Military addressees are not authorized to use collectives.
  • collective address  - An address group that represents two or more posts, commands, authorities, activities, units, or combination thereof, including the commander of the organization or group and all subordinate commanders therein.
  • collective protection  - The protection provided to a group of individuals that permits relaxation of individual chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear protection. Also called COLPRO.
  • college textbook  - a textbook or a set of textbooks, used for, or in conjunction with, a course in postsecondary education at an institution of higher education.
  • collegiate school of nursing  - a department, division, or other administrative unit in a college or university which provides primarily or exclusively a program of education in professional nursing and related subjects leading to the degree of bachelor of arts, bachelor of science, bachelor of nursing, or to an equivalent degree, or to a graduate degree in nursing, or to an equivalent degree, and including advanced training related to such program of education provided by such school, but only if such program, or such unit, college or university is accredited.
  • colored beach  - That portion of usable coastline sufficient for the assault landing of a regimental landing team or similar sized unit. See also numbered beach.
  • combat air patrol  — An aircraft patrol provided over an objective area, the force protected, the critical area of a combat zone, or in an air defense area, for the purpose of intercepting and destroying hostile aircraft before they reach their targets. Also called CAP. See also airborne alert; barrier combat air patrol; rescue combat air patrol.
  • combat and operational stress  - The expected and predictable emotional, intellectual, physical, and/ or behavioral reactions of an individual who has been exposed to stressful events in war or stability operations.
  • combat and operational stress control  - Programs developed and actions taken by military leadership to prevent, identify, and manage adverse combat and operational stress reactions in units; optimize mission performance; conserve fighting strength; prevent or minimize adverse effects of combat and operational stress on members’ physical, psychological, intellectual and social health; and to return the unit or Service member to duty expeditiously.
  • combat assessment  - The determination of the overall effectiveness of force employment during military operations. Combat assessment is composed of three major components: (a) battle damage assessment; (b) munitions effectiveness assessment; and (c) reattack recommendation. Also called CA. See also battle damage assessment; munitions effectiveness assessment; reattack recommendation.
  • combat camera  - Specially-trained expeditionary forces from Service-designated units capable of providing high-quality directed visual information during military operations. Also called COMCAM. See also visual information.

  147

  • combat cargo officer  - A Marine Corps embarkation/ mobility officer permanently assigned to amphibious warfare ships or naval staffs, as an adviser to and representative of the naval commander in matters pertaining to embarkation and debarkation of troops, their supplies, and equipment. Also called CCO. See also embarkation officer.
  • combat chart  - A special naval chart, at a scale of 1:50,000, designed for naval surface fire support and close air support during coastal or amphibious operations and showing detailed hydrography and topography in the coastal belt.
  • combat control team  - A task-organized team of special operations forces who are certified air traffic controllers that are trained and equipped to deploy into hostile environments to establish and control assault zones and airfields. Also called CCT.
  • combat engineering  — Engineering capabilities and activities that directly support the maneuver of land combat forces that require close and integrated support.
  • combat identification  - The process of attaining an accurate characterization of detected objects in the operational environment sufficient to support an engagement decision. Also called CID.
  • combat information  - Unevaluated data, gathered by or provided directly to the tactical commander which, due to its highly perishable nature or the criticality of the situation, cannot be processed into tactical intelligence in time to satisfy the user’s tactical intelligence requirements.
  • combat information center  — The agency in a ship or aircraft manned and equipped to collect, display, evaluate, and disseminate tactical information for the use of the embarked flag officer, commanding officer, and certain control agencies. Also called CIC.
  • combat loading  - The arrangement of personnel and the stowage of equipment and supplies in a manner designed to conform to the anticipated tactical operation of the organization embarked.
  • combat organizational loading  — A method of loading by which a unit with its equipment and initial supplies is loaded into a single ship, together with other units, in such a manner as to be available for unloading in a predetermined order.
  • combat power  — The total means of destructive and/ or disruptive force which a military unit/ formation can apply against the opponent at a given time.
  • combat search and rescue  - The tactics, techniques, and procedures performed by forces to effect the recovery of isolated personnel during combat. Also called CSAR. See also search and rescue.
  • combat service support  - The essential capabilities, functions, activities, and tasks necessary to sustain all elements of all operating forces in theater at all levels of war. Also called CSS. See also combat support.
  • combat service support area  — An area ashore that is organized to contain the necessary supplies, equipment, installations, and elements to provide the landing force with combat service support throughout the operation. Also called CSSA.
  • combat spread loading  — A method of combat loading by which some of the troops, equipment, and initial supplies of a unit are loaded in one ship and the remainder are loaded in one or more others.
  • combat support  - Fire support and operational assistance provided to combat elements. Also called CS. See also combat service support.

  148  

  • combat support agency  — A Department of Defense agency so designated by Congress or the Secretary of Defense that supports military combat operations. Also called CSA.
  • combat support agency  - any of the following Defense Agencies: (1) The Defense Information Systems Agency.(2) The Defense Intelligence Agency.(3) The Defense Logistics Agency.(4) The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.(5) Any other Defense Agency designated as a combat support agency by the Secretary of Defense.
  • combat surveillance  - A continuous, all-weather, day-and-night, systematic watch over the battle area in order to provide timely information for tactical combat operations.
  • combat unit loading  - A method of loading by which all or a part of a combat unit, such as an assault battalion landing team, is completely loaded in a single ship, with essential combat equipment and supplies, in such a manner as to be immediately available to support the tactical plan upon debarkation, and to provide a maximum of flexibility to meet possible changes in the tactical plan.
  • combatant and support vessel  - any commissioned ship built or armed for naval combat or any naval ship designed to provide support to combatant ships and other naval operations. Such term does not include patrol coastal ships, non-commissioned combatant craft specifically designed for combat roles, or ships that are designated for potential mobilization.
  • combatant command  - a unified combatant command or a specified combatant command.
  • combatant command  — A unified or specified command with a broad continuing mission under a single commander established and so designated by the President, through the Secretary of Defense and with the advice and assistance of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Also called CCMD. See also specified combatant command; unified command.
  • combatant command (command authority)  — Nontransferable command authority, which cannot be delegated, of a combatant commander to perform those functions of command over assigned forces involving organizing and employing commands and forces; assigning tasks; designating objectives; and giving authoritative direction over all aspects of military operations, joint training, and logistics necessary to accomplish the missions assigned to the command. Also called COCOM. See also combatant command; combatant commander; operational control; tactical control.
  • combatant command chaplain  — The senior chaplain assigned to the staff of, or designated by, the combatant commander to provide advice on religion, ethical, and moral issues, and morale of assigned personnel and to coordinate religious ministries within the combatant commander’s area of responsibility. See also command chaplain; religious support; religious support team.
  • combatant command joint training schedule  - A resource-constrained program that is developed and updated annually by the combatant command staff and that integrates the command's joint training plans with the schedule of the combatant commander-sponsored exercises; includes exercise summaries for the program year and proposed summaries for the following five years.
  • combatant command support agent  — The Secretary of a Military Department to whom the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy Secretary of Defense has assigned administrative and logistical support of the headquarters of a combatant command, United States Element, North American Aerospace Defense Command, or subordinate unified command. The nature and scope of the combatant command support agent responsibilities, functions, and authorities shall be prescribed at the time of assignment or in keeping with existing agreements and practices, and they shall remain in effect until the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy Secretary of Defense revokes, supersedes, or modifies them.

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  • combatant commander  - A commander of one of the unified or specified combatant commands established by the President. Also called CCDR. See also combatant command; specified combatant command; unified combatant command.
  • combatant commander  - A U.S. military area or global commander.
  • combatant commander  - the commander of a unified or specified combatant command.
  • combatant commander logistic procurement support board  — A combatant commander-level joint board established to ensure that contracting support and other sources of support are properly synchronized across the entire area of responsibility. Also called CLPSB. See also joint requirements review board; joint contracting support board.
  • combating terrorism  — Actions, including antiterrorism and counterterrorism, taken to oppose terrorism throughout the entire threat spectrum. Also called CbT. See also antiterrorism; counterterrorism.
  • combination carrier  - commercial vessel specially designed for transporting wet or dry cargoes also known as an ore-bulk-oil carrier.
  • combination lock  - lock that is operated by local input of a specific series or sequence of numbers or letters.
  • combination of institutions of higher education  - a group of institutions of higher education that have entered into a cooperative arrangement for the purpose of carrying out a common objective, or a public or private nonprofit agency, organization, or institution designated or created by a group of institutions of higher education for the purpose of carrying out a common objective on the group's behalf.
  • combined  - A term identifying two or more forces or agencies of two or more allies operating together. See also joint.
  • combined  - Involving coalition military (also see Joint and Interagency). Involving coalition military
  • combined arms team  — The full integration and application of two or more arms or elements of one Service into an operation.
  • Combined Bureau Processing Center  - A classified network operations center that provides a centralized connection between bureaus, as well as a hub to posts abroad supporting ClassNet e-mail and CableXpress. Also called CBPC.
  • Combined Bureau Processing Centers  - The Combined Bureau Processing Centers (CBPCs) are classified network centers that provide a centralized infrastructure to support bureau foreign affairs information systems (FAIS) requirements. These systems provide electronic telegram capabilities and classified electronic e-mail capabilities for the bureaus. The AF, PM, EAP, EB, NEA, and EUR bureaus have information-processing equipment located in the CBPC.
  • combined developmental and operational testing  - test phase in which developmental testing (DT) and operational (OT) testers share test assets and data, and in which the events meet DT and OT requirements.

  150  

  • combined heat and power  - the generation of electric energy and heat in a single, integrated system, with an overall thermal efficiency of 60 percent or greater on a higher-heating-value basis.
  • combined heat and power system  - a facility that—(A) simultaneously and efficiently produces useful thermal energy and electricity; and (B) recovers not less than 60 percent of the energy value in the fuel (on a higher-heating-value basis) in the form of useful thermal energy and electricity.
  • combined sewers  - sewer system designed to collect waste water and storm water into a single pipe.
  • command  — 1. The authority that a commander in the armed forces lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment. 2. An order given by a commander; that is, the will of the commander expressed for the purpose of bringing about a particular action. 3. A unit or units, an organization, or an area under the command of one individual. See also area command; combatant command; combatant command (command authority).
  • command  - The act of directing, ordering, or controlling by virtue of explicit statutory, regulatory, or delegated authority.
  • command activating switch  - switch that is activated by the individual in which the individual controls the device at the moment of initiation.
  • command and control  - The exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned and attached forces in the accomplishment of the mission. Also called C2.
  • command and control system  — The facilities, equipment, communications, procedures, and personnel essential for a commander to plan, direct, and control operations of assigned and attached forces pursuant to the missions assigned.
  • command center  - facility from which a commander and his or her representatives direct operations and control forces organized to gather, process, analyze, display, and disseminate planning and operational data and perform other related tasks.
  • command chaplain  — The senior chaplain assigned to or designated by a commander of a staff, command, or unit. See also combatant command chaplain; religious support.
  • command information  — Communication by a military organization directed to the internal audience that creates an awareness of the organization’s goals, informs them of significant developments affecting them and the organization, increases their effectiveness as ambassadors of the organization, and keeps them informed about what is going on in the organization. Also called internal information. See also command; public affairs.
  • command net  — A communications network that connects an echelon of command with some or all of its subordinate echelons for the purpose of command and control.
  • Command Post Exercise  - An event that involves simulated forces, plus the commander, the staff, and communications within and among headquarters. Also called CPX.
  • command post exercise  — An exercise in which the forces are simulated, involving the commander, the staff, and communications within and between headquarters. Also called CPX. See also exercise; maneuver.

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  • command projectile switch  - small arms bullet used to close the circuit by penetrating two metal plates provides standoff between firing point and contact point.
  • command pull improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) initiated by an individual using a “command pull” action.
  • command relationships  — The interrelated responsibilities between commanders, as well as the operational authority exercised by commanders in the chain of command; defined further as combatant command (command authority), operational control, tactical control, or support. See also chain of command; combatant command (command authority); command; operational control; support; tactical control.
  • command staff  - An incident command component that consists of a Public Information Officer, Safety Officer, Liaison Officer, and other positions as required, who report directly to the Incident Commander.
  • command structure  - The organizational hierarchy through which administrative leadership or operational authority is exercised.
  • command wire improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) where the firing point and contact point are separate but joined together by a length of wire.
  • commandant  - the Commandant of the Coast Guard.
  • commander of a combatant command  - a commander of a combatant command with a geographic area of responsibility.
  • commander, amphibious task force  — The Navy officer designated in the initiating directive as the commander of the amphibious task force. Also called CATF. See also amphibious operation; amphibious task force; commander, landing force.
  • commander, landing force  — The officer designated in the initiating directive as the commander of the landing force for an amphibious operation. Also called CLF. See also amphibious operation; commander, amphibious task force; landing force.
  • commander’s communication synchronization  — A process to coordinate and synchronize narratives, themes, messages, images, operations, and actions to ensure their integrity and consistency to the lowest tactical level across all relevant communication activities. Also called CCS.
  • commander’s critical information requirement  — An information requirement identified by the commander as being critical to facilitating timely decision making. Also called CCIR. See also information requirements; intelligence; priority intelligence requirement.
  • commander’s estimate  — A developed course of action designed to provide the Secretary of Defense with military options to meet a potential contingency.
  • commander’s intent  - A clear and concise expression of the purpose of the operation and the desired military end state that supports mission command, provides focus to the staff, and helps subordinate and supporting commanders act to achieve the commander’s desired results without further orders, even when the operation does not unfold as planned. See also assessment; end state.
  • commander’s required delivery date  — The original date relative to C-day, specified by the combatant commander for arrival of forces or cargo at the destination; shown in the time-phased force and

  152   deployment data to assess the impact of later arrival.

  • commander-in-chief  - A U.S. military area commander. Also called CINC.
  • commander's summary report  - A written record of the significant strengths and weaknesses of a commander's staff's performance relative to the selected joint mission-essential tasks and training objectives. Also called CSR.
  • commanding officer  - only commissioned officers.
  • commanding officer of troops  - On a ship that has embarked units, a designated officer (usually the senior embarking unit commander) who is responsible for the administration, discipline, and training of all embarked units. Also calledCOT.
  • command-sponsored dependent  - A dependent entitled to travel to overseas commands at government expense and endorsed by the appropriate military commander to be present in a dependent’s status.
  • commemorative work  - any statue, monument, sculpture, memorial, plaque, inscription, or other structure or landscape feature, including a garden or memorial grove, designed to perpetuate in a permanent manner the memory of an individual, group, event or other significant element of American history, except that the term does not include any such item which is located within the interior of a structure or a structure which is primarily used for other purposes.

commerce- (A) services (including transfers of information) associated with international trade, whether or not such services are related to specific goods, and (B) foreign direct investment by United States persons with implications for trade in goods or services.

  • commerce  - commerce (A) between any State or the District of Columbia and any place outside thereof;
  • commerce  - commerce among the several States or with foreign nations, or in any Territory of the United States or in the District of Columbia, or between any such Territory and another, or between any such Territory and any State or foreign nation, or between the District of Columbia and any State or Territory or foreign nation.
  • commerce  - commerce between any State, Territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, and any place outside thereof; or between points within the same State, Territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, but through any place outside thereof; or within any Territory or possession, or the District of Columbia.
  • commerce  - exchange or buying and selling of commodities on a large scale involving transportation from place to place.
  • commerce  - services associated with international trade.
  • commerce  - trade or transportation in the jurisdiction of the United States—(A) between a place in a State and a place outside of the State; (B) that affects trade or transportation between a place in a State and a place outside of the State; or (C) on a United States-registered aircraft.
  • commerce  - trade, traffic, commerce, transportation, or communication among the several States, or

  153 between the District of Columbia or any Territory of the United States and any State or other Territory, or between any foreign country and any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or within the District of Columbia or any Territory, or between points in the same State but through any other State or any Territory or the District of Columbia or any foreign country. US Code 29, §152 )

  • commerce  - trade, traffic, commerce, transportation, transmission, or communication among the several States, or between a State and any other place outside thereof, or between points in the same State which directly or indirectly affect interstate commerce.
  • Commerce Control List Items  - Dual-use (commercial/ military) items that are subject to export control by the Bureau of Export Administration, Department of Commerce. These items have been identified in the U.S. Export Administration Regulations (15 CFR 774) as export-controlled for reasons of national security, crime control, technology transfer, and scarcity of materials. Also called CCLI.
  • commercial activities  - activities that are conducted in a manner consistent with prevailing commercial practices and includes—(A) the acquisition, use, sale, storage and disposal of goods and services;(B) entering into employment contracts and leases and other agreements for real and personal property;(C) depositing funds into and withdrawing funds from domestic and foreign commercial business or financial institutions;(D) acquiring licenses, registrations, permits, and insurance; and (E) establishing corporations, partnerships, and other legal entities.
  • commercial activities  - the operations of restaurants, food stores, craft stores, dry goods stores, financial institutions, and display facilities.
  • commercial activity  - A recurring service that could be performed by the private sector. This recurring service is an agency requirement that is funded and controlled through a contract, fee-for-service agreement, or performance by government personnel. Commercial activities may be found within, or throughout, organizations that perform inherently governmental activities or classified work.
  • commercial activity  - either a regular course of commercial conduct or a particular commercial transaction or act. The commercial character of an activity shall be determined by reference to the nature of the course of conduct or particular transaction or act, rather than by reference to its purpose.
  • commercial activity carried on in the United States by a foreign state  - commercial activity carried on by such state and having substantial contact with the United States.
  • commercial air tour operator  - any person who conducts a commercial air tour operation over a national park.
  • commercial airport  - a large hub, medium hub, small hub, or nonhub airport.
  • commercial and retail waste  - material discarded by stores, offices, restaurants, warehouses, nonmanufacturing activities at industrial facilities, and other similar establishments or facilities.

commercial chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear improvised explosive device enhancement - Chemical, Biological, Radiological, or Nuclear (CBRN) materials available for purchase on the open market for commercial purposes that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED )

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  • commercial computer software  - any computer software that is a commercial item.
  • commercial derivative military article  - an item procured by the Department of Defense that is or will be produced using the same production facilities, a common supply chain, and the same or similar production processes that are used for the production of articles predominantly used by the general public or by nongovernmental entities for purposes other than governmental purposes.
  • commercial development of oil, natural gas, or minerals  - exploration, extraction, processing, export, and other significant actions relating to oil, natural gas, or minerals, or the acquisition of a license for any such activity, as determined by the Commission.
  • commercial electric or hybrid vehicle  - any electric or hybrid vehicle which can be used (A) for business or agricultural production purposes on farms (e.g. tractors and trucks) or in rural areas, or (B) for commercial purposes in urban areas.
  • commercial enterprise  - a limited partnership.
  • commercial enterprise  - any for-profit activity formed for the ongoing conduct of lawful business including, but not limited to, a sole proprietorship, partnership (whether limited or general), holding company, joint venture, corporation, business trust, or other entity which may be publicly or privately owned. This definition includes a commercial enterprise consisting of a holding company and its wholly owned subsidiaries, provided that each such subsidiary is engaged in a for profit activity formed for the ongoing conduct of a lawful business. This definition does not include a noncommercial activity such as owning and operating a personal residence.
  • commercial explosive  - explosive available for purchase on the open market for commercial purposes produced and used for commercial, industrial, or recreational applications.

commercial item- (1) Any item, other than real property, that is of a type customarily used by the general public or by non-governmental entities for purposes other than governmental purposes, and — (i) Has been sold, leased, or licensed to the general public; or (ii) Has been offered for sale, lease, or license to the general public; (2) Any item that evolved from an item described in paragraph (1) of this definition through advances in technology or performance and that is not yet available in the commercial marketplace, but will be available in the commercial marketplace in time to satisfy the delivery requirements under a Government solicitation; (3) Any item that would satisfy a criterion expressed in paragraphs (1) or (2) of this definition, but for — (i) Modifications of a type customarily available in the commercial marketplace; or (ii) Minor modifications of a type not customarily available in the commercial marketplace made to meet Federal Government requirements. Minor modifications means modifications that do not significantly alter the nongovernmental function or essential physical characteristics of an item or component, or change the purpose of a process. Factors to be considered in determining whether a modification is minor include the value and size of the modification and the comparative value and size of the final product. Dollar values and percentages may be used as guideposts, but are not conclusive evidence that a modification is minor; (4) Any combination of items meeting the requirements , or (5) of this definition that are of a type customarily combined and sold in combination to the general public; (5) Installation services, maintenance services, repair services, training services, and other services if — (i) Such services are procured for support of an item, regardless of whether such services are provided by the same source or at the same time as the item; and (ii) The source of such services provides similar services contemporaneously to the general public under terms and conditions similar to those offered to the Federal Government; (6) Services of a type offered and sold competitively in substantial quantities in the commercial marketplace based on established catalog or market prices for specific tasks performed or specific outcomes to be achieved and under standard commercial terms and conditions. For purposes of these services — (i) “Catalog price” means a price included in a catalog, rice list, schedule, or other form that is regularly maintained by   155 the manufacturer or vendor, is either published or otherwise available for inspection by customers, and states prices at which sales are currently, or were last, made to a significant number of buyers constituting the general public; and (ii) “Market prices” means current prices that are established in the course of ordinary trade between buyers and sellers free to bargain and that can be substantiated through competition or from sources independent of the offerors. (7) Any item, combination of items, or service referred to in paragraphs (1) through (6) of this definition, notwithstanding the fact that the item, combination of items, or service is transferred between or among separate divisions, subsidiaries, or affiliates of a contractor; or (8) A nondevelopmental item, if the procuring agency determines the item was developed exclusively at private expense and sold in substantial quantities, on a competitive basis, to multiple State and local governments.

  • commercial items  - Articles of supply readily available from established commercial distribution sources which the Department of Defense or inventory managers in the Military Services have designated to be obtained directly or indirectly from such sources.
  • commercial medium, and heavy-duty on-highway vehicle  - an on-highway vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds or more.
  • Commercial Off-the-Shelf  - IT products that are widely available and are developed with general commercial applications in mind. Also called COTS.
  • Commercial Off-the-Shelf  - VTC equipment that is designed and produced by the manufacturer with general commercial applications in mind. Also called COTS.
  • Commercial Off-the-Shelf software  - Software that has been developed at private expense and later sold to the U.S. Government. The license for the software is owned by the software vendor. The U.S. Government generally pays a licensing fee to the vendor for use of this software, as well as a periodic software maintenance fee to have the vendor fix software bugs and update the software to keep its technology with what is then in the market, including U.S. Government requirements (such as standardization, etc.) rather than solely at the specific request of the agency. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has stated that agencies are to prefer COTS software over GOTS and other software since (among other things) the responsibility for maintenance and continued development is on the vendor rather then the U.S. Government. COTS are also preferred since continuing maintenance and development are done at fixed (usually monthly) prices, at reduced risk to the U.S. Government. Also called Also called COTS software.
  • commercial parking property  - independently owned and operated entity which charges a fee to the public to park vehicles within a structure or lot.
  • commercial provider  - any person providing space transportation services or other space-related activities, the primary control of which is held by persons other than a Federal, State, local, or foreign government.
  • commercial purposes  - the transportation of persons or property for compensation or hire, but does not include the operation of an aircraft by the armed forces for reimbursement when that reimbursement is required by any Federal statute, regulation, or directive, in effect on November 1, 1999, or by one government on behalf of another government under a cost reimbursement agreement if the government on whose behalf the operation is conducted certifies to the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration that the operation is necessary to respond to a significant and imminent threat to life or property (including natural resources) and that no service by a private operator is reasonably available to meet the threat.

commercial recovery- (A) any activity engaged in at sea to recover any hard mineral resource at a substantial rate for the primary purpose of marketing or commercially using such resource to earn a net profit, whether or not such net profit is actually earned; (B) if such recovered hard mineral   156   resource will be processed at sea, such processing; and (C) if the waste of such activity to recover any hard mineral resource, or of such processing at sea, will be disposed of at sea, such disposal.

  • commercial remote sensing space capabilities  - to privately owned and operated space systems licensed under the Land Remote Sensing Policy Act of 1992, their technology, components, products, data, services, and related information, as well as foreign systems whose products and services are sold commercially.
  • commercial seaport personnel  - any person engaged in an activity relating to the loading or unloading of cargo or passengers, the movement or tracking of cargo, the maintenance and repair of intermodal equipment, the operation of cargo-related equipment (whether or not integral to the vessel), and the handling of mooring lines on the dock when a vessel is made fast or let go in the United States.
  • commercial service  - all vessels except those that are primarily used for combatant purposes. This is to make sure that vessels that are engaged in the transportation of goods or individuals are subject to the applicable maritime and environmental safety laws, even if they are sovereign controlled vessels.
  • commercial sex act  – any sex act on account of which anything of value is given to or received by any person.
  • commercial transportation company  - Private commercial companies such as FedEx and UPS that transport items for a fee.
  • commercial vehicle  - A vehicle that has evolved in the commercial market to meet civilian requirements and which is selected from existing production lines for military use.
  • commercial vehicle  - As defined by the Department of Transportation (DOT), any vehicle (except for emergency response vehicles) with a gross vehicle weight (GVW) of 26,001 pounds or more; vehicles designed to transport 15 or more passengers, and vehicles used in the transport of hazardous materials in quantities which require the vehicle to be placarded.
  • commercial vessel  - vessel (i.e. boat, tugboat, barge or ship) engaged in commercial trade or that carries passengers for hire excludes pleasure craft or warships.
  • commercial vessels  - those vessels used in the business of transporting property for compensation or hire, or in transporting property in the business of the owner, lessee, or operator of the vessel.
  • commercialization  - process of developing markets and producing and delivering products and/ or services to address the needs of those targeted markets.
  • commercialization  - the stage in the development or advancement of a technology at which point private enterprise is willing to invest in a full-scale production facility.
  • commercialization operational requirements document  - operational requirements document (ORD ) that is used as part of a commercialization project to convey the solution agnostic needs and concept of operations of the project.

commercially available off-the-shelf item- (1) any item of supply (including construction material) that is — (i) A commercial item; (ii) Sold in substantial quantities in the commercial marketplace; and (iii) Offered to the Government, under a contract or subcontract at any tier, without modification, in the same form in which it is sold in the commercial marketplace; and (2) Does not include bulk cargo, such as agricultural products and petroleum products. Also called COTS.   157

  • commission  - A written authorization issued by a court of justice or a quasi-judicial body, or by a body acting in such a capacity, giving power to take the testimony of witnesses who cannot appear personally to be examined in the court or before the body issuing the commission.
  • commission  - Either a binational Commission or foundation established by an Executive Agreement between the United States and a foreign government under the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 (the Fulbright-Hays Act).
  • commission merchant  - any person engaged in the business of receiving in interstate or foreign commerce any perishable agricultural commodity for sale, on commission, or for or on behalf of another.
  • commission of an offense  - the attempted commission of an offense, the consummation of an offense, and any immediate flight after the commission of an offense.
  • commission or foundation  - Either a binational Commission or Foundation established by an Executive Agreement between the U.S. and a foreign government under the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961.
  • commissioned officer  - a commissioned warrant officer.
  • commissioned officer  - a member of the naval service serving in a grade above warrant officer, W–1. It includes, unless otherwise specified, a member who holds a permanent enlisted grade or the permanent grade of warrant officer, W–1, and a temporary appointment in a grade above warrant officer, W–1.
  • commissioner  - the Commissioner responsible for the United States Customs and Border Protection of the Department of Homeland Security.
  • commissioning  - Act of appointment by the President and a confirmation by Senate of a candidate who has been recommended for tenure as a Foreign Service Officer by the Commissioning and Tenure Board, hereinafter called the Board.
  • commit  - The process of assigning one or more aircraft or surface-to-air missile units to prepare to engage an entity, prior to authorizing such engagement.
  • commitment, financial  - administrative reservation of funds based upon firm procurement requests, orders, directives, and equivalent instruments.
  • committed relationship  - one in which the employee and the domestic partner of the employee are each other's sole domestic partner (and are not married to or domestic partners with anyone else) and share responsibility for a significant measure of each other's common welfare and financial obligations. This includes, but is not limited to, any relationship between two individuals of the same or opposite sex that is granted legal recognition by a State or by the District of Columbia as a marriage or analogous relationship (including, but not limited to, a civil union).
  • commodity  - any material, article, supply, goods, or equipment used for the purposes of furnishing nonmilitary assistance.
  • commodity  - wheat, cotton, rice, corn, oats, barley, rye, flaxseed, grain, sorghums, mill feeds, butter, eggs, Solanum tuberosum (Irish potatoes), wool, wool tops, fats and, oils (including lard, tallow, cottonseed oil, peanut oil, soybean oil, and all other fats and oils), cottonseed meal, cottonseed, peanuts, soybeans, soybean meal, livestock, livestock products, and frozen concentrated orange

  158   juice, and all other goods and articles, except onions and motion picture box office receipts (or any index, measure, value, or data related to such receipts), and all services, rights, and interests (except motion picture box office receipts, or any index, measure, value or data related to such receipts) in which contracts for future delivery are presently or in the future dealt in.

commodity loading —A method of loading in which various types of cargoes are loaded together, such as ammunition, rations, or boxed vehicles, in order that each commodity can be discharged without disturbing the others. See also combat loading.

  • common carrier  - a locomotive, a rail carrier, a sleeping car carrier, a bus transporting passengers in interstate commerce, a water common carrier, and an air common carrier.
  • common carrier  - any person or entity transporting people or property by land, rail, water, or air for compensation.
  • common carrier  - In a telecommunications context, a telecommunications company that holds itself out to the public for hire to provide communications transmission services. (NOTE - In the United States, such companies are subject to regulation by Federal and state regulatory commissions. )
  • common carrier  - Private-sector supplier of air, rail or bus transportation for passengers, and air, rail, surface (overland or over ocean) or a combination thereof for freight and/ or personal effects shipments.
  • common control  - a security or privacy control that is inherited by multiple information systems or programs.
  • common costs  - Specific costs identified in the solicitation that will be incurred by the government regardless of the provider (private sector, public reimbursable, or agency). Common costs are sometimes referred to as wash costs. Examples of common costs include government-furnished property, security clearances, and joint inventories.
  • common criteria  - A Governing document created by the National Information Assurance Partnership
  • common item  - 1. Any item of materiel that is required for use by more than one activity. 2. A term loosely used to denote any consumable item except repair parts or other technical items. 3. Any item of materiel that is procured for, owned by (Service stock), or used by any Military Department of the Department of Defense and is also required to be furnished to a recipient country under the grant-aid Military Assistance Program. 4. Readily available commercial items. 5. Items used by two or more Military Services of similar manufacture or fabrication that may vary between the Services as to color or shape (as vehicles or clothing). 6. Any part or component that is required in the assembly of two or more complete end-items.
  • common item  - material that is common to the applicable Government contract and the contractor’s other work.
  • Common LAN Outbound Telegram Release  - A software package that makes possible the electronic release of telegrams from the desktop using existing e-mail systems and network infrastructure.
  • common multilateral environmental agreement  - any agreement specified in subparagraph (B) or included under subparagraph (C) to which both the United States and one or more other parties to the negotiations are full parties, including any current or future mutually agreed upon protocols, amendments, annexes, or adjustments to such an agreement.

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  • common operating environment  - Automation services that support the development of the common reusable software modules that enable interoperability across multiple combat support applications. Also called COE.
  • common operating picture  - A continuously updated overview of an incident compiled throughout an incident's life cycle from data shared between integrated systems for communication, information management, and intelligence and information sharing. The common operating picture allows incident managers at all levels to make effective, consistent, and timely decisions. The common operating picture also helps ensure consistency at all levels of incident management across jurisdictions, as well as between various governmental jurisdictions and private-sector and nongovernmental entities that are engaged.
  • common operational picture  - A single identical display of relevant information shared by more than one command that facilitates collaborative planning and assists all echelons to achieve situational awareness. Also called COP.
  • common procurement weapon system  - a weapon system for which two or more of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps request procurement funds in a defense budget.
  • common rule  - the Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments; Final Rule. Other common rules will be referred to by their specific titles.
  • common servicing  — Functions performed by one Service in support of another for which reimbursement is not required.
  • common tactical picture  - An accurate and complete display of relevant tactical data that integrates tactical information from the multi-tactical data link network, ground network, intelligence network, and sensor networks. Also called CTP.
  • Common Transmission Facility  - An area within a Department of State facility that houses the terminal equipment used to facilitate all circuits in and out of the facility. Also called CTF.
  • common use  — Services, materiel, or facilities provided by a Department of Defense agency or a Military Department on a common basis for two or more Department of Defense agencies, elements, or other organizations as directed.
  • commonality  — A quality that applies to materiel or systems: a. possessing like and interchangeable characteristics enabling each to be utilized, or operated and maintained, by personnel trained on the others without additional specialized training; b. having interchangeable repair parts and/ or components; and c. applying to consumable items interchangeably equivalent without adjustment.
  • common-funded budgets of NATO  - the Military Budget, the Security Investment Program, and the Civil Budget of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (and any successor or additional account or program of NATO).
  • common-use container  — Any Department of Defense-owned, -leased, or -controlled 20- or 40-foot International Organization for Standardization container managed by United States Transportation Command as an element of the Department of Defense common-use container system. See also component-owned container; Service-unique container.
  • common-user airlift service  — The airlift service provided on a common basis for all Department of Defense agencies and, as authorized, for other agencies of the United States Government.

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  • common-user item  — An item of an interchangeable nature that is in common use by two or more nations or Services of a nation.
  • common-user land transportation  — Point-to-point land transportation service operated by a single Service for common use by two or more Services. Also called CULT.
  • common-user logistics  — Materiel or service support shared with or provided by two or more Services, Department of Defense agencies, or multinational partners to another Service, Department of Defense agency, non-Department of Defense agency, and/ or multinational partner in an operation. Also called CUL. See also common use.
  • common-user network  — A system of circuits or channels allocated to furnish communication paths between switching centers to provide communication service on a common basis to all connected stations or subscribers.
  • common-user ocean terminal  - A military installation, part of a military installation, or a commercial facility operated under contract or arrangement by the Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command that regularly provides for two or more Services terminal functions of receipt, transit storage or staging, processing, and loading and unloading of passengers or cargo aboard ships.
  • common-user sealift  - The sealift services provided by the Military Sealift Command on a common basis for all Department of Defense agencies and, as authorized, for other departments and agencies of the United States Government. See also Military Sealift Command; transportation component command.
  • common-user transportation  - Transportation and transportation services provided on a common basis for two or more Department of Defense agencies and, as authorized, non-Department of Defense agencies. See also common use.
  • communicable disease  - a disease that is ruled as subject to quarantine, and requires isolation or restriction of movement by the patient for a specified period, as prescribed by the health authorities having jurisdiction.
  • communication protocols  - A set of rules that govern the operation of hardware or software entities to achieve communication.
  • communications  - Exchanges between the U.S. Government and offerors, after receipt of proposals, leading to establishment of the competitive range.
  • communications  - Voice, video, and data capabilities that enable the leadership and staff to conduct the Primary Missions Essential Functions (PMEFs), MEFs of the Department, and EFs of a Bureau.
  • communications center  - A site that provides communications support (e.g., secure and non-secure telephone, computer, radio, etc.) to relay information regarding a potential or an ongoing domestic emergency impacting Department facilities in the National Capital Region (NCR) to appropriate parties, bureaus/ offices, and response teams within the Department; as well as involved local, State, or other Federal departments/ agencies.
  • communications intelligence  - Technical information and intelligence derived from foreign communications by other than the intended recipients. Also called COMINT.
  • communications network  — An organization of stations capable of intercommunications, but not necessarily on the same channel. Also called COMNET.

  161

  • communications plan  - plan to enhance awareness of an organization's purpose, mission, and functions with leaders and policymakers, the public sector, the private sector, the media, and citizens.
  • communications security  - Measures and controls taken to deny unauthorized persons information derived from telecommunications and ensure the authenticity of such telecommunications. COMSEC includes cryptosecurity, transmission security, emission security, and physical security of COMSEC material. Also called COMSEC.
  • communications security  - The protection resulting from all measures designed to deny unauthorized persons information of value that might be derived from the possession and study of telecommunications, or to mislead unauthorized persons in their interpretation of the results of such possession and study. Also called COMSEC.
  • communications security (COMSEC)  - The protection resulting from the proper application of physical, technical, transmission, and cryptologic countermeasures to a communications link, system, or component.
  • communications security account  - An administrative entity, identified by an account number, used to maintain accountability, custody, and control of COMSEC material. Also called COMSEC account.
  • communications security material  - All documents, devices, equipment, apparatus, and cryptomaterial used in establishing or maintaining secure communications.
  • communications system  - A mix of telecommunications and/ or automated information systems used to originate, control, process, encrypt, and transmit or receive information. Such a system generally consists of the following connected or connectable devices- (1) Automated information equipment (AIS) on which information is originated; (2) A central controller of, principally, access rights and information distribution; (3) A telecommunications processor which prepares information for transmission; and (4) National-level devices, which encrypt information (COMSEC/ CRYPTO/ CCI) prior to its transmission via Diplomatic Telecommunications Service (DTS) or commercial carrier.
  • communist country  - any country dominated or controlled by communism.

community- (A) a political subdivision that — (i) has zoning and building code jurisdiction over a particular area having special flood hazards; and (ii) is participating in the national flood insurance program; or (B) a political subdivision of a State, or other authority, that is designated by political subdivisions, all of which meet the requirements of subparagraph (A), to administer grants for mitigation activities for such political subdivisions.

  • community  - body of persons of common and especially professional interests scattered through a larger society includes social, religious, occupational, or other groups sharing common characteristics or interests and perceived or perceiving itself as distinct in some respect from the larger society within which it exists.
  • community day program  - a regular program of instruction provided by a State agency at a community day school operated specifically for neglected or delinquent children and youth.
  • community engagement  - Public affairs activities that support the relationship between military and civilian communities.
  • community health resilience  - The ability of a community to use its assets to strengthen public health and health care systems and to improve the community’s physical, behavioral, and social health to

  162   withstand, adapt to, and recover from adversity. 2010‐2014, Terms )

  • community health worker  - an individual who promotes health or nutrition within the community in which the individual resides — (A) by serving as a liaison between communities and healthcare agencies; (B) by providing guidance and social assistance to community residents; (C) by enhancing community residents' ability to effectively communicate with healthcare providers;(D) by providing culturally and linguistically appropriate health or nutrition education; (E) by advocating for individual and community health;(F) by providing referral and follow-up services or otherwise coordinating care; and (G) by proactively identifying and enrolling eligible individuals in Federal, State, local, private or nonprofit health and human services programs.
  • community learning center  - an entity that (A) assists students to meet the challenging State academic standards by providing the students with academic enrichment activities and a broad array of other activities (such as programs and activities during nonschool hours or periods when school is not in session (such as before and after school or during summer recess) that (i) reinforce and complement the regular academic programs of the schools attended by the students served; and (ii) are targeted to the students' academic needs and aligned with the instruction students receive during the school day; and (B) offers families of students served by such center opportunities for active and meaningful engagement in their children's education, including opportunities for literacy and related educational development.
  • community of interest  - network of individuals who share a common interest in a particular topic, either work-related or peripheral to work, and who come together informally to share knowledge on that topic members are not necessarily experts or practitioners of the topic around which the COI has formed.
  • community of practice  - informal, self-organized, network of peers with diverse skills and experience in an area of practice or profession. primarily focused on the members' desire to help others (by sharing information) and the need to advance their own knowledge (by learning from others).
  • community referral services  - services provided under contract or through interagency agreements to assist families in obtaining needed information, mutual support and community resources, including respite care services, health and mental health services, employability development and job training, and other social services, including early developmental screening of children, through help lines or other methods.
  • community rehabilitation program  - a program that provides directly or facilitates the provision of vocational rehabilitation services to individuals with disabilities, and that provides, singly or in combination, for an individual with a disability to enable the individual to maximize opportunities for employment, including career advancement — (A) medical, psychiatric, psychological, social, and vocational services that are provided under one management; (B) testing, fitting, or training in the use of prosthetic and orthotic devices; (C) recreational therapy;
(D) physical and occupational therapy;
(E) speech, language, and hearing therapy; (F) psychiatric, psychological, and social services, including positive behavior management; (G) assessment for determining eligibility and vocational rehabilitation needs;
(H) rehabilitation technology;
(I) job development, placement, and retention services; (J) evaluation or control of specific disabilities;
(K) orientation and mobility services for individuals who are blind;
(L) extended employment;
(M) psychosocial rehabilitation services;
(N) supported employment services and extended services;
(O) customized employment;
 (P) services to family members when necessary to the vocational rehabilitation of the individual;
 (Q) personal assistance services; or
(R) services similar to the services described in one of subparagraphs (A) through (Q).
  • community resilience  - An approach that encourages actions that improve a community's ability to withstand, adapt to, and recover from adversity while promoting strong day-to-day systems and

  163 addressing the underlying social determinants of health. Quadrennial National Health Security Strategy Implementation Plan, 2015‐2018, Terms )

  • community resilience approach  - An approach which encourages actions that build preparedness while also promoting strong day-to-day systems and addressing the underlying social determinants of health.
  • community setting  - a home or a community organization located in the neighborhood in which a participant in the program.
  • community wood energy plan  - an assessment of—(A) available feedstocks necessary to supply a community wood energy system; and (B) the long-term feasibility of supplying and operating a community wood energy system.
  • community wood energy system  - an energy system that — (i) primarily services public facilities owned or operated by State or local governments, including schools, town halls, libraries, and other public buildings; and (ii) uses woody biomass as the primary fuel.

community-based and prevention-focused programs and activities designed to strengthen and

  • support families to prevent child abuse and neglect  - organizations such as family resource programs, family support programs, voluntary home visiting programs, respite care programs, parenting education, mutual support programs, and other community programs or networks of such programs that provide activities that are designed to prevent or respond to child abuse and neglect.
  • community-based brain injury rehabilitative care services  - services of a facility in providing room, board, rehabilitation, and personal care for and supervision of residents for their health, safety, and welfare.
  • community-based organization  - a private nonprofit organization (which may include a faith-based organization), that is representative of a community or a significant segment of a community and that has demonstrated expertise and effectiveness in the field of workforce development.
  • community-based system of care  - the provision of services for the youth offender by various State or local agencies that in an interagency fashion or operating as a network addresses the recreational, social, educational, vocational, mental health, substance abuse, and operational needs of the youth offender.
  • commuter air carrier  - an air carrier that primarily operates aircraft designed to have a maximum passenger seating capacity of 75 or less in accordance with published flight schedules.
  • commuter authority  - a State, local, or regional entity established to provide, or make a contract providing for, commuter rail passenger transportation.
  • commuter rail  - passenger rail transport service connecting a central city with its outlying suburbs, satellite towns, or another city on trackage that is usually part of the general railroad system usually with a scheduled service utilizing fixed routes on a non-reservation basis.
  • commuter rail passenger transportation  - short-haul rail passenger transportation in metropolitan and suburban areas usually having reduced fare, multiple-ride, and commuter tickets and morning and evening peak period operations.

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  • comparable housing  - Comparable housing is housing in the private sector that is generally equivalent in size to the rental quarters, with the same number of bedrooms, and with generally equivalent amenities and related facilities. Such housing is housing available on a landlord-tenant basis, with rental rates reflecting the fair market value of the accommodations. This is distinguished from- housing rented on an employer-employee basis or between friends and relatives, for which other considerations may have influenced the rental rates. In addition, other Government rental housing (Federal, State, or local) and housing provided by churches or religious societies are excluded from this definition of comparable housing.
  • comparable replacement dwelling  - any dwelling that is (A) decent, safe, and sanitary; (B) adequate in size to accommodate the occupants; (C) within the financial means of the displaced person; (D) functionally equivalent; (E) in an area not subject to unreasonable adverse environmental conditions; and (F) in a location generally not less desirable than the location of the displaced person's dwelling with respect to public utilities, facilities, services, and the displaced person's place of employment.
  • compartmented area  - area, room, or set of rooms within a sensitive compartmented information facility
  • compatible  - the ability of U.S. and foreign space-based positioning, navigation, and timing services to be used separately or together without interfering with each individual service or signal, and without adversely affecting navigation warfare.

compatible use - a wildlife-dependent recreational use or any other use of a refuge that, in the sound professional judgment of the Director, will not materially interfere with or detract from the fulfillment of the mission of the System or the purposes of the refuge.

  • compensation  - a monthly payment made by the Secretary to a veteran because of service-connected disability, or to a surviving spouse, child, or parent of a veteran because of the service-connected death of the veteran occurring before January 1, 1957.
  • compensation  - As used in this subchapter, includes housing and education allowances paid domestically, whether taxable or not; it does not include travel reimbursement if itemized on a nonemployees invoice.
  • compensation  - the money allowance payable to an employee or to his dependents as provided for in this chapter, and includes funeral benefits provided therein.
  • compensation  - Wages and payment due an employee, a personal services contractor (PSC) or an employee under a personal services agreement (PSA).
  • compensatory time off in lieu of pay  - time off with pay provided in lieu of overtime pay.
  • competent authority  - a court or governmental agency of a foreign-sending country having jurisdiction and authority to make decisions in matters of child welfare, including adoption.
  • competing observable  - Within military deception, any observable that contradicts the deception story, casts doubt on, or diminishes the impact of one or more required or supporting observables.
  • competition  - A formal evaluation of sources to provide a commercial activity that uses pre-established

  165 rules. Competitions between private sector sources are performed i. Competitions between agency, private sector, and public reimbursable sources are performed. The term “competition,” includes streamlined and standard competitions , and FAR-based competitions for agency-performed activities, contracted services, new requirements, expansions of existing work, and activities performed under fee-for-service agreement. The term also includes cost comparisons, streamlined cost comparisons, and direct conversions performed. House, OMB, Circular A‐76 )

  • competition file  - The documents used in a standard competition in addition to the government contract files.
  • competitive range  - Those proposals which, after evaluation by the technical evaluation panel, are the most highly rated and will be included in negotiations.
  • competitive service  - All civilian positions (1) in the Executive branch not specifically excepted from civil service laws or statute and not in the Senior Executive Service; and (2) all positions in the legislative and judicial branches and in the government of the District of Columbia specifically made subject to the civil service laws by statute.
  • competitive service federal  - all civil service positions in the executive branch that are not specifically excepted from the civil service laws by or pursuant to statute, by the President, or by OPM under Rule VI, and that are not in the Senior Executive Service (SES).
  • competitive sourcing  - the process of studying the cost of public vs. private sector performance, with the ultimate goal being to ensure efficient and effective U.S. Government. Competitive sourcing is not simply outsourcing (contracting out), but rather the analysis of whether commercial activities are best performed in-house or by contractors. The competitive sourcing process could result in retaining a function within the Department or outsourcing it, depending on which makes better business sense. OMB Circular A-76 establishes Government-wide policy on competitive sourcing.
  • competitive status  - A person’s basic eligibility for assignment (e.g., by transfer, promotion, reassignment, demotion, or reinstatement) to a position in the competitive service without having to compete with members of the general public in an open competitive examination. When a job opportunity announcement indicates status candidates are eligible to apply, career and career- conditional employees who have served at least 90 calendar days after competitive appointment may apply.
  • compilation  - an aggregation of preexisting unclassified items of information.
  • complainant  - the person filing a complaint.
  • complete information technology  - A is the documentation of the relationships between the business and management processes and the supporting information technology that ensures- (1) Alignment of the requirements for information systems (as defined in OMB Circular A-130 - a discrete set of information resources organized for the collection, processing, maintenance, transmission, and dissemination of information, in accordance with defined procedures, whether automated or manual) with the processes that support the agency’s missions; (2) Adequate interoperability, system redundancy, and information systems security; and (3) The application and maintenance of technical, security and business standards by which the agency evaluates and acquires new systems. (OMB Memorandum M-97-16, Information Technology Architectures). Also called complete IT.
  • completeness  - The joint operation plan review criterion for assessing whether operation plans incorporate major operations and tasks to be accomplished and to what degree they include forces required, deployment concept, employment concept, sustainment concept, time estimates for

  166   achieving objectives, description of the end state, mission success criteria, and mission termination criteria.

  • completion date  - the date that the final subject was examined or received an intervention for the purposes of final collection of data for the primary outcome, whether the clinical trial concluded according to the prespecified protocol or was terminated.
  • complex  – (i) there are a large number of alleged countervail able subsidy practices and the practices are complicated, (ii) the issues raised are novel, or (iii) the number of exporters involved is large.
  • complex catastrophe  — Any natural or man-made incident, including cyberspace attack, power grid failure, and terrorism, which results in cascading failures of multiple, interdependent, critical, life- sustaining infrastructure sectors and caused extraordinary levels of mass casualties, damage, or disruption severely affecting the population, environment, economy, public health, national morale, response efforts, and/ or government functions.
  • complex consumer goods  - electronic or mechanical devices composed of multiple manufactured components, with an intended useful life of 3 or more years, where the product is typically not consumed, destroyed, or discarded after a single use, and the components of which would be impracticable to redesign or replace.
  • complex durable goods  - manufactured goods composed of 100 or more manufactured components, with an intended useful life of 5 or more years, where the product is typically not consumed, destroyed, or discarded after a single use.
  • complex emergency  - A disaster, usually long-term, combining political, military, and humanitarian problems in a way that hinders relief efforts.
  • complex operation  - an operation as follows: (A) A stability operation.(B) A security operation.(C) A transition and reconstruction operation. (D) A counterinsurgency operation.(E) An operation consisting of irregular warfare.
  • compliance response  - A written response from the action office to which a recommendation has been assigned for action, informing OIG of agreement or disagreement with the recommendation. Comments indicating agreement shall include planned corrective actions and, where appropriate, the actual or proposed target dates for achieving these actions. The reasons for any disagreement with a recommendation must be explained fully. Where disagreement is based on interpretation of law, regulation, or the authority of officials to take or not take action, the response must include the legal basis.
  • component  - 1. One of the subordinate organizations that constitute a joint force. 2. In logistics, a part or combination of parts having a specific function, which can be installed or replaced only as an entity. See also functional component command; Service component command.
  • component  - An individual element, aspect, subgroup, or activity within a system. Complex systems such as EMS are composed of many components.
  • component  - An organizational grouping within an agency, such as a bureau, center, military service, or field activity.
  • component IT service  - independently deployable unit of software that exposes its functionality through

  167 a set of services accessed via well-defined interfaces.Lexicon, Terms )

  • component based architecture  - architecture process that enables the design of enterprise solutions using pre-manufactured components.
  • Component Intelligence Program  - organization within a Component, a significant purpose of which is the collection, gathering, processing, analysis, production, or dissemination of intelligence, regardless of whether such intelligence is counterintelligence, foreign intelligence, Departmental intelligence, or homeland security intelligence, and regardless of whether such information is National or Departmental Intelligence includes any organization within a Component that employs intelligence professionals (0132 job series) to perform National or Departmental Intelligence Functions.
  • component part  - any article which is not usable for its intended functions without being imbedded in or integrated into any other product and which, if used in production of a finished product, would be substantially transformed in that process.
  • component records schedule  - agency specific record schedule developed to provide disposition authorization for program records unique to a single DHS Component, which are not already covered by the General Record Schedule or an Enterprise Records Schedule.
  • Component Senior Financial Officer  - person designated as the senior financial management official within a Component, regardless of position title.
  • component-owned container  - A 20- or 40-foot International Organization for Standardization container procured and owned by a single Department of Defense component. Also called Service- unique container. See also common-use container.
  • composite warfare commander  - An officer to whom the officer in tactical command of a naval task organization may delegate authority to conduct some or all of the offensive and defensive functions of the force. Also called CWC.
  • composting  - process of a biological breaking up of organic waste into a useful humus-like substance.
  • Compound Emergency Sanctuary  - A protected building or room designated as a temporary shelter during an attack or other crisis for personnel unable to reach or be accommodated in a safe haven, safe area, or 15-minute forced entry/ ballistic resistant (FE/ BR) protected building. Also called CES.
  • comprehensive foreign language and area or international studies center  - an administrative unit of a university that contributes significantly to the national interest in advanced research and scholarship, employs a critical mass of scholars in diverse disciplines related to a geographic concentration, offers intensive language training in languages of its area specialization, maintains important library collections related to the area, and makes training available in language and area studies to a graduate, postgraduate, and undergraduate clientele.
  • comprehensive information technology network architecture  - an integrated framework for evolving or maintaining existing information technology and acquiring new information technology to achieve the strategic management and information resources management goals of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis.
  • comprehensive literacy instruction  - instruction that (A) includes developmentally appropriate, contextually explicit, and systematic instruction, and frequent practice, in reading and writing across content areas; (B) includes age-appropriate, explicit, systematic, and intentional instruction in

  168   phonological awareness, phonic decoding, vocabulary, language structure, reading fluency, and reading comprehension; (C) includes age-appropriate, explicit instruction in writing, including opportunities for children to write with clear purposes, with critical reasoning appropriate to the topic and purpose, and with specific instruction and feedback from instructional staff; (D) makes available and uses diverse, high-quality print materials that reflect the reading and development levels, and interests, of children; (E) uses differentiated instructional approaches, including individual and small group instruction and discussion; (F) provides opportunities for children to use language with peers and adults in order to develop language skills, including developing vocabulary; (G) includes frequent practice of reading and writing strategies; (H) uses age-appropriate, valid, and reliable screening assessments, diagnostic assessments, formative assessment processes, and summative assessments to identify a child's learning needs, to inform instruction, and to monitor the child's progress and the effects of instruction; (I) uses strategies to enhance children's motivation to read and write and children's engagement in self-directed learning; (J) incorporates the principles of universal design for learning; (K) depends on teachers' collaboration in planning, instruction, and assessing a child's progress and on continuous professional learning; and (L) links literacy instruction to the challenging State academic standards, including the ability to navigate, understand, and write about, complex print and digital subject matter.

  • Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty  - The CTBT bans nuclear test explosions in any environment and, in so doing, aims at eliminating nuclear weapons by constraining the development and qualitative improvement of new types of nuclear weapons. It was drafted at the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva and opened for signature in New York on September 24, 1996. The CTBT will enter into force 180 days after it has been ratified by the 44 states listed in Annex 2 of the Treaty. The Treaty provides for a comprehensive global verification regime, which consists of an International Monitoring System, consultation and clarification procedures, provisions for requesting on-site inspections, and confidence-building measures. Also called CTBT.

comprehensive planning- (A) preparation, as a guide for long-range development, of general physical plans with respect to the pattern and intensity of land use and the provision of public facilities, including transportation facilities; (B) programing of capital improvements based on a determination of relative urgency; (C) long-range fiscal plans for implementing such plans and programs; and (D) proposed regulatory and administrative measures which aid in achieving coordination of all related plans of the departments or subdivisions of the governments concerned and intergovernmental coordination of related planned activities among the State and local governmental agencies concerned.

  • comprehensive preparedness guide 101  - Producing Emergency Plans - A Guide for All-Hazard Emergency Operations Planning for State, Territorial, Local, and Tribal Governments - Guide that describes the intersection of the Federal and State, tribal, and local plans and planning. Also called CPG 101.
  • comprehensive primary health services  - the core services offered by school-based health centers, which shall include the following: (A) Physical Comprehensive health assessments, diagnosis, and treatment of minor, acute, and chronic medical conditions, and referrals to, and follow-up for, specialty care and oral and vision health services. (B) Mental health Mental health and substance use disorder assessments, crisis intervention, counseling, treatment, and referral to a continuum of services including emergency psychiatric care, community support programs, inpatient care, and outpatient programs.
  • comprehensive procurement guidelines  - guidelines created by the Environmental Protection Agency
  • comprehensive statewide program of technology-related assistance  - a consumer-responsive program of technology-related assistance for individuals with disabilities, implemented by a State, and equally available to all individuals with disabilities residing in the State, regardless of their type of

  169 disability, age, income level, or location of residence in the State, or the type of assistive technology device or assistive technology service required.

  • comprehensive student work-learning-service program  - a student work-learning-service program that
  • compromise  - Disclosure of information to unauthorized persons, or a violation of the security policy of a system in which unauthorized intentional or unintentional disclosure, modification, destruction, or loss of an object may have occurred.
  • compromise  - The known or suspected exposure of clandestine personnel, installations, or other assets or of classified information or material, to an unauthorized person.
  • compromise of scientific integrity  - Compromises of scientific integrity include but are not limited to - Using scientific studies or data to inform the decision making process that are not representative of the current state of scientific knowledge and research (for example because they lack peer review, utilize poor methodology, or contain flawed analyses); Misrepresenting the underlying assumptions, uncertainties, or probabilities of scientific findings or attempting to suppress or alter scientific or technical findings (including, but not limited to, those performed by U.S. Government scientists) during any step of the decision making process; or Altering, or misrepresenting scientific or technological findings in public communications.
  • compromising emanations  - Intentional or unintentional intelligence-bearing signals which, if intercepted and analyzed, disclose national security information transmitted, received, handled, or otherwise processed by any information processing equipment. Compromising emanations consist of electrical or acoustical energy emitted from within equipment or systems (e.g., personal computers, workstations, facsimile machines, printers, copiers, and typewriters) which process national security information.
  • computer  - any electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical, or other high speed data processing device performing logical, arithmetic, or storage functions, and includes any data storage facility or communications facility directly related to or operating in conjunction with such device and any data or other information stored or contained in such device.
  • computer  - any hardware, software, or other technology attached or connected to, installed in, or otherwise used in connection with a computer.
  • computer database or database  - a collection of recorded information in a form capable of, and for the purpose of, being stored in, processed, and operated on by a computer. The term does not include computer software.
  • Computer Emergency Readiness Team  - The operational arm of the National Cyber Security Division
  • Computer Incident Response Team  - The CIRT is the central reporting point for cybersecurity incidents within the Department. CIRT maintains 24x7 monitoring of network traffic for malicious and hostile security breaches and conducts security monitoring of the Departments unclassified and classified networks to ensure the integrity, availability, and confidentiality of the IT infrastructure.

  170   CIRT operations provide near real-time detection, collection, analysis, correlation, and reporting of cybersecurity events that pose an immediate threat to the Departments networks. Also called CIRT.

  • computer resources support  - process of selecting computer hardware, software and firmware for specific systems and planning for their lifecycle support.
  • computer room  - A computer room, also called a server room or data center, is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems. It generally includes redundant or backup power supplies, redundant data communications connections, environmental controls (e.g., air conditioning, fire suppression), and security devices.

computer software- (1) (i) Computer programs that comprise a series of instructions, rules, routines, or statements, regardless of the media in which recorded, that allow or cause a computer to perform a specific operation or series of operations; and (ii) Recorded information comprising source code listings, design details, algorithms, processes, flow charts, formulas, and related material that would enable the computer program to be produced, created, or compiled. (2) does not include computer databases or computer software documentation.

  • computer technologies  - The technology employed in developing and using computers, computer peripherals, operating systems, software, and communications systems.
  • Computer-Aided Job Evaluation (CAJE)  - The interagency job evaluation methodology and approach for evaluating all locally recruited positions filled by overseas employees under COM authority.
  • Computerized Telephone System  - A generic term used to describe any telephone system that uses centralized stored program computer technology to provide switched telephone networking features and services. CTS is referred to commercially as private branch exchange (PBX), private automatic branch exchange (PABX), or electronic private automatic branch exchange (EPABX). Also called CTS.
  • COMSEC account  - The administrative entity, identified by an account number, used to maintain accountability, custody, and control of COMSEC material.
  • COMSEC custodian  - An individual designated by proper authority to be responsible for the receipt, transfer, accounting, safeguarding, and destruction of COMSEC material assigned to a COMSEC account. Only full-time Department personnel are eligible for appointment. If critical need, due to personnel shortage arises, a temporary waiver may be granted to appoint a contractor as an Alternate COMSEC Custodian.
  • COMSEC facility  - An authorized and approved space used for generating, storing, repairing, or using COMSEC material.
  • COMSEC material  - An item designed to secure or authenticate telecommunications. COMSEC material includes, but is not limited to key, equipment, devices, documents, firmware, or software that embodies or describes cryptographic logic and other items that perform COMSEC functions. COMSEC Material Control System - Logistics and accounting system through which COMSEC material marked CRYPTO is distributed, controlled, and safeguarded. Included are the COMSEC central offices of record, crypto logistic depots, and COMSEC accounts. COMSEC material other than key may be handled through the CMCS. Also called CMCS.
  • COMSEC officer  - The properly appointed individual responsible to ensure that COMSEC regulations and procedures are understood and adhered, the COMSEC facility is operated securely, that personnel are trained in proper COMSEC practices, and who advises on communications security

  171 matters. Only full-time Department direct-hire employees are eligible for appointment.

  • concealment vessel  - vessel commonly used to prevent the discovery of an IED by visual inspection may also be used to add fragmentation.
  • concentrator  - In data transmission, a functional unit that permits a common path to handle more data sources than there are channels currently available within the path. Used in black packet switching to provide communication capability between many low-speed, usually asynchronous channels and one or more high speed, usually synchronous channels. Different speeds, codes, and protocols can be accommodated on the low speed side.
  • concept of intelligence operations  - Within the Department of Defense, a verbal or graphic statement, in broad outline, of an intelligence directorate’s assumptions or intent in regard to intelligence support of an operation or series of operations. See also concept of operations.
  • concept of logistic support  - A verbal or graphic statement, in a broad outline, of how a commander intends to support and integrate with a concept of operations in an operation or campaign. Also called COLS.
  • concept of operations  - A verbal or graphic statement that clearly and concisely expresses what the joint force commander intends to accomplish and how it will be done using available resources. Also called CONOPS.
  • concept of operations  - clear and concise statement or document that expresses an intended outcome or accomplishment and how it will be achieved using available resources includes program's mission, goals and objectives; may also include roles and responsibilities of the program's key stakeholders and the high-level processes to achieve program goals and objectives.
  • concept of operations document  - A detailed document that defines and establishes the human-to- machine workflow of the product for the operational environment.
  • concept plan  - A plan that describes the concept of operations for integrating and synchronizing Federal capabilities to accomplish critical tasks, and describes how Federal capabilities will be integrated into and support regional, State, and local plans to meet the objectives described in the Strategic Plan. Also called CONPLAN.
  • concept plan  - In the context of joint operation planning level 3 planning detail, an operation plan in an abbreviated format that may require considerable expansion or alteration to convert it into a complete operation plan or operation order. Also called CONPLAN. See also operation plan.
  • conceptual data model  - abstract representation to illustrate overall structure of organization data by identifying entity types and the relationships between them independent of any database management system or other implementation considerations.

concurrent resolution on the budget- (A) a concurrent resolution setting forth the congressional budget for the United States Government for a fiscal year; and (B) any other concurrent resolution revising the congressional budget for the United States.

  • condition  - 1. Those variables of an operational environment or situation in which a unit, system, or individual is expected to operate and may affect performance. 2. A physical or behavioral state of a system that is required for the achievement of an objective. See also joint mission-essential tasks.
  • condition  - The physical state of an asset, its ability to perform as planned, and its continued usefulness, based on an evaluation.

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  • conduits  - Within military deception, conduits are information or intelligence gateways to the deception target. Examples of conduits include: foreign intelligence and security services, intelligence collection platforms, open-source intelligence, news media—foreign and domestic.
  • conduits  — Within military deception, information or intelligence gateways to the deception target, such as foreign intelligence entities, intelligence collection platforms, open-source intelligence, and foreign and domestic news media.
  • Confidence-and-Security-Building Measures  - Measures requiring effective and concrete actions concerning the military activities and force structures of the states concerned and aimed at reducing tension and strengthening confidence and security among those states. For example, the Vienna Document 2011 contains CSBMs developed by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Also called CSBM.
  • Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs)  - Measures requiring effective and concrete actions concerning the military activities and force structure of the states concerned and aimed at reducing tension and strengthening confidence and security among those states.
  • confidential  - Security classification that shall be applied to information, the unauthorized disclosure of which reasonably could be expected to cause damage to the national security that the original classification authority is able to identify or describe.
  • confidential filer  - An individual who must file a Form OGE-450, and includes, as defined in 5 CFR 2634.904(a) -(1) An employee of the Department or candidate for employment with the Department in a position classified at GS-15 or below or at FS-01 or below (or, in the case of any individual whose pay is not fixed under the General Schedule and who does not serve in the Foreign Service, in a position for which the rate of basic pay is less than 120 percent of GS-15, step 1) if the employees management official (or the Ethics Office) determines that - a) The duties and responsibilities of the employees position require the employee to participate personally and substantially through decision or the exercise of significant judgment, and without substantial supervision and review, in taking government action regarding- (i) Contracting or procurement; (ii) Administering or monitoring grants, subsidies, licenses, or other federally conferred financial or operational benefits; (iii) Regulating or auditing any non-Federal entity; or (iv) Other activities in which the final decision or action will have a direct and substantial economic effect on the interests of any non-Federal entity; or (b) The duties and responsibilities of the employees position require the employee to file such a report to avoid involvement in a real or apparent conflict of interest. These positions might include those with duties that involve investigating or prosecuting violations of criminal or civil law; (2) An employee who is not a public filer and is an executive director, management counselor, deputy chief of mission, or economic counselor or who has equivalent duties and responsibilities in a position at a smaller post; (3) A contracting officer's representative (COR), grants officer representative (GOR), or government technical monitor (GTM) assigned to an active contract or grant; (4) A special government employee (SGE) who is not a public filer; or (5) A personal services contractor (PSC) who meets the criteria herein.
  • confidential source  - any individual or organization that has provided, or that may reasonably be expected to provide, information to the United States on matters pertaining to the national security with the expectation that the information or relationship, or both, are to be held in confidence.
  • confidential source  - any individual or organization that has provided, or that may reasonably be expected to provide, information to the United States on matters pertaining to the national security with the expectation that the information or relationship, or both, are to be held in confidence.
  • confidential-cleared U.S. citizen  - A citizen of the United States who has undergone a background investigation by an authorized U.S. Government Agency and been issued a Confidential security clearance, in accordance with Executive Order 13526 and implementing guidelines and standards

  173 published in 32 CFR Part 147.

  • confidentiality  - preserving authorized restrictions on access and disclosure, including means for protecting personal privacy and proprietary information.
  • confidentiality  - Preserving authorized restrictions on information access and disclosure, including means for protecting personal privacy and proprietary information.
  • confidentiality  - The assurance that information in an IT system is not disclosed to unauthorized persons, processes, or devices.
  • configuration control  - A method for controlling modifications to hardware, firmware, software, and documentation to protect the information system against improper modifications before, during, and after system implementation.
  • configuration item  - entity within a configuration that satisfies an end use function and that can be uniquely identified at a given reference point.
  • configuration management  - A discipline applying technical and administrative direction and surveillance to: (1) identify and document the functional and physical characteristics of a configuration item; (2) control changes to those characteristics; and (3) record and report changes to processing and implementation status.
  • configuration management  - management process for establishing and maintaining consistency of a product’s performance, functional, and physical attributes with its requirements, design, and operational management information throughout its life.
  • configuration management  - Organizations must- (1) Establish and maintain baseline configurations and inventories of organizational information systems (including hardware, software, firmware, and documentation) throughout the respective system development life cycles; and (2) Establish and enforce security configuration settings for information technology products employed in organizational information systems. Also called CM.
  • configuration management  - The process of identifying and defining the change control items in a system, controlling the release and change of these items throughout the systems life cycle, recording and reporting the status of configuration items and change requests, and verifying the accuracy and completeness of configuration items. Also called CM.
  • confinement vessel  - vessel commonly used to hold the main charge together may also be used to add fragmentation.
  • confirmed deposit  - A deposit transaction evidenced by a bank deposit ticket, slip or other deposit receipt, which has been officially approved by the designated depositary showing the date on which the deposit will be credited to the designated depositary checking account.

confiscated and confiscation- (A) the nationalization, expropriation, or other seizure by the Cuban Government of ownership or control of property—(i) without the property having been returned or adequate and effective compensation provided; or(ii) without the claim to the property having been settled pursuant to an international claims settlement agreement or other mutually accepted settlement procedure; and (B) the repudiation by the Cuban Government of, the default by the Cuban Government on, or the failure of the Cuban Government to pay — (i) a debt of any enterprise which has been nationalized, expropriated, or otherwise taken by the Cuban Government; (ii) a debt which is a charge on property nationalized, expropriated, or otherwise taken by the Cuban Government; or (iii) a debt which was incurred by the Cuban Government in satisfaction or   174   settlement of a confiscated property claim.

conflict mineral — (A) columbite-tantalite (coltan), cassiterite, gold, wolframite, or their derivatives; or

  • conflict of interest  - a situation in which a member or employee of a board has a direct or indirect financial interest in a person that performs a service for, or enters into a contract with, a board for anything of economic value.
  • conflict prevention  — A peace operation employing complementary diplomatic, civil, and, when necessary, military means, to monitor and identify the causes of conflict, and take timely action to prevent the occurrence, escalation, or resumption of hostilities.
  • conflict prevention  - civilian conflict prevention efforts identify and focus on a community, tribe, population, or country's underlying grievances and seek to address the root causes of conflict. The goal of Conflict Prevention is the promotion of sustainable, responsible, and effective security and governance in fragile states. Based on the QDDR, the mission of State and USAID with regard to crisis and conflict in fragile states is to reduce or eliminate short, medium, and long-term threats to American security and to help create opportunities for governments and their citizens to address domestic challenges themselves. (DOS/ USAID )
  • conflict response  - USG response to an imminent (within six months) or existing conflict in a country with stabilization and/ or conflict transformation implications. The goal of Conflict Response is fostering security and reconstruction in the aftermath of conflict as a central national security objective. Based on the QDDR, the State Department has the lead on conflict response in political and security crises, with USAID leading humanitarian crises.
  • conflict transformation  - the two-pronged approach of seeking to diminish the factors that cause violent conflict and instability while building the capacity of local institutions so they can take the lead role in national governance, economic development, and enforcing the rule of law. The goal of this process is to shift the responsibility for providing peace and stability from the international community to local actors, who can sustain their roles with minimal support from external actors. Moreover, this process seeks to build capacity to move from humanitarian assistance through a transitional period to a steady state and long-term development.
  • conflicting non-federal source  - Any person or entity other than the Government of the United States, when a Department-authorizing official determines that acceptance of a donation from such a source under the circumstances would cause a reasonable person with knowledge of all the relevant facts to question the integrity of Department programs and operations.
  • conformity general  - meeting the requirements of a federal, state, or tribal government implementation plan (State Implementation Plan SIP], Federal Implementation Plan FIP], or Tribal Implementation Plan TIP]) for the purpose of eliminating or reducing the severity and number of violations of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) and achieving expeditious attainment of such standards such activities will not: 1. Cause or contribute to any new violation of any standard in the area; 2. Increase the frequency or severity of any existing violation of any standard in any area; 3. Delay timeline attainment of any standard or any required interim emission reductions or other milestones; and 4. The determination of conformity is based on the most recent estimates of air pollutant emissions.
  • conformity assessment  - a demonstration, whether directly or indirectly, that specified requirements relating to a product, process, system, person, or body are fulfilled. Conformity assessment includes sampling and testing, inspection, supplier’s declaration of conformity, certification, and management system assessment and registration. Conformity assessment also includes accreditation

  175 of the competence of those activities.

  • conformity assessment  - product providing the evaluation that determines whether the requirements for a specific system or equipment are fulfilled may include: sampling and testing; inspection; supplier's declaration of conformity; certification; and quality and environmental management system assessment and registration.
  • conformity assessment procedure  - any procedure used, directly or indirectly, to determine that a technical regulation or standard is fulfilled, including sampling, testing, inspection, evaluation, verification, monitoring, auditing, assurance of conformity, accreditation, registration, or approval used for such a purpose, but does not mean an approval procedure.
  • conformity assessment procedure  - any procedure used, directly or indirectly, to determine that relevant requirements in technical regulations or standards are fulfilled.
  • congested airport  - an airport that accounted for at least 1 percent of all delayed aircraft operations in the United States in the most recent year for which such data is available and an airport listed in table 1 of the Federal Aviation Administration's Airport Capacity Benchmark Report 2004 or any successor report.
  • congregate housing  - low-rent housing with which there is connected a central dining facility where wholesome and economical meals can be served to occupants. Expenditures incurred by a public housing agency in the operation of a central dining facility in connection with congregate housing (other than the cost of providing food and service) shall be considered a cost of operation of the project.
  • Congressional Budget Justification  - In accordance with the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921, the Department prepares and submits an annual budget request for State Operations detailing the funding requested to support budgetary policy priorities of people, security, facilities, information technology, and management reforms. Also called CBJ.
  • congressional mail  - Mail of Members of Congress of the United States.
  • congressional notification  - A specific requirement as prescribed by law for the Department to provide congressional committees programming and activity information prior to or in conjunction with action.
  • Conrail  - the Consolidated Rail Corporation. Such term includes any corporation which was a subsidiary of Conrail immediately before the public sale.
  • consanguinity  - The relationship of persons descended from a common ancestor.
  • consensus  - general agreement, but not necessarily unanimity. During the development of consensus, comments and objections are considered using fair, impartial, open, and transparent processes.
  • consent  - agreement, approval, or permission as to some act or purpose is obtained in written or electronic form if possible, but it can be oral if obtaining consent in written or electronic form is not possible unless a specific form of consent is required by a particular procedure.
  • consent to subcontract  - the contracting officer’s written consent for the prime contractor to enter into a particular subcontract.

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  • consequence  - effect of an event, incident, or occurrence.
  • consequence assessment  - product or process of identifying or evaluating the potential or actual effects of an event, incident, or occurrence.
  • conservation  - the use of methods and procedures necessary or desirable to sustain healthy populations of wildlife, including all activities associated with scientific resources management such as research, census, monitoring of populations, acquisition, improvement and management of habitat, live trapping and transplantation, wildlife damage management, and periodic or total protection of a species or population, as well as the taking of individuals within wildlife stock or population if permitted by applicable State and Federal law.
  • conservation  - the use of methods and procedures necessary to bring a species of neotropical migratory bird to the point at which there are sufficient populations in the wild to ensure the long-term viability of the species, including — (A) protection and management of neotropical migratory bird populations; (B) maintenance, management, protection, and restoration of neotropical migratory bird habitat; (C) research and monitoring;
(D) law enforcement; and
(E) community outreach and education.
  • conservation  - the use of methods and procedures necessary to preserve or sustain corals and associated species as diverse, viable, and self-perpetuating coral reef ecosystems, including all activities associated with resource management, such as assessment, conservation, protection, restoration, sustainable use, and management of habitat; mapping; habitat monitoring; assistance in the development of management strategies for marine protected areas and marine resources consistent with the National Marine Sanctuaries Act and the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.); law enforcement; conflict resolution initiatives; community outreach and education; and that promote safe and ecologically sound navigation.
  • conservation activities  - conservation systems, practices, or management measures.
  • conservation activities  - i) structural measures, vegetative measures, and land management measures, including agriculture drainage management systems, as determined by the Secretary; and (ii) planning needed to address a priority resource concern.

conservation stewardship plan- (A) identifies and inventories priority resource concerns;
(B ) establishes benchmark data and conservation objectives;
(C) describes conservation activities to be implemented, managed, or improved; and
(D) includes a schedule and evaluation plan for the planning, installation, and management of the new and existing conservation activities.

  • consideration  - an economic benefit, inducement, right, or profit including pecuniary payment accruing to an individual, person, or entity, but not including a voluntary sharing of the actual expenses of the voyage, by monetary contribution or donation of fuel, food, beverage, or other supplies.
  • consolidation or consolidated requirement  – (1) a solicitation for a single contract, a multiple award contract, a task order, or a delivery order to satisfy– (i) Two or more requirements of the Federal agency for supplies or services that have been provided to or performed for the Federal agency under two or more separate contracts, each of which was lower in cost than the total cost of the contract for which offers are solicited; or (ii) Requirements of the Federal agency for construction projects to be performed at two or more discrete sites. (2) “Separate contract” as used in this definition, means a contract that has been performed by any business, including small and other than small business concerns.

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  • constellation  - A system consisting of a number of like satellites acting in concert to perform a specific mission. See also Global Positioning System.
  • constraint  - In the context of joint operation planning, a requirement placed on the command by a higher command that dictates an action, thus restricting freedom of action. See also operational limitation; restraint.
  • construct  - preliminary planning, engineering, architectural, legal, fiscal, and economic investigations and studies, surveys, designs, plans, working drawings, specifications, procedures, and other similar actions necessary for the construction of a public building.
  • construct  - to build, renovate, or improve military family housing and military unaccompanied housing.

  • construct and alter  - with respect to a medical facility, include engineering, architectural, legal, fiscal, and economic investigations and studies and surveys, designs, plans, construction documents, specifications, procedures, and other similar actions necessary for construction or alteration, as the case may be, of such medical facility and as are carried out after completion of advanced planning (including development of project requirements and design development) for such facility.
  • constructed width and depth  - the width and depth to which a project has been constructed, which may not exceed the authorized width and depth of the project.
  • construction  - construction, alteration, or repair (including dredging, excavating, and painting) of buildings, structures, or other real property. For purposes of this definition, the terms “buildings, structures, or other real property” include, but are not limited to, improvements of all types, such as bridges, dams, plants, highways, parkways, streets, subways, tunnels, sewers, mains, power lines, cemeteries, pumping stations, railways, airport facilities, terminals, docks, piers, wharves, ways, lighthouses, buoys, jetties, breakwaters, levees, canals, and channels. construction does not include the manufacture, production, furnishing, construction, alteration, repair, processing, or assembling of vessels, aircraft, or other kinds of personal property.
  • construction  - conversions of structures for dwelling purposes.
  • construction and demolition materials and debris  - class of materials and debris generated during construction, renovation, demolition, and/ or dismantling of structures and buildings and associated infrastructure.
  • construction materials  - Items of a nature and in volumes that would normally be used to construct or renovate a portion of a dwelling, or to construct a product exceeding the size of an ordinary item of furniture for personal use. Examples of construction materials include - wooden planks, boards, ceiling tiles, floor tiles or flooring, roofing materials, windows or doors or framing thereof, masonry, bricks, blocks, cement, sand, paneling, drywall boards, or hardware (e.g., nails) in volumes greater than would normally be used in an ordinary household workshop. Those materials that are part of artwork or crafts in total weight of less than 200 pounds may be regarded as household effects as determined by inspection as required. Construction materials are not authorized for transport or storage as part of an employee’s household effects (HHE) shipment. Employees or GSOs who are in doubt whether items qualify as HHE should contact the Office of Logistics Management (A/ LM) in advance of making the shipment.
  • construction security certification  - Certification/ confirmation is required from the Department if any new construction or major renovation is undertaken in the controlled access area (CAA). A site security plan must be submitted prior to commencing work. The construction security of a new building or major renovation project (over $1 million) affecting CAAs or public access controls

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  • constructive change order  - Informal requests for additional work or services caused by some act or omission on the part of the U.S. Government that causes a contractor extra work, delays, or expense.
  • constructive cost  - A cost that reflects the total amount of per diem, travel, transportation, and incidental expenses the U.S. Government would pay for an employee’s direct travel. For cost constructing purposes, only the travel and transportation costs may be used as a basis for the cost construct.
  • consular agency  - The office of a consular agent, who is appointed by the Secretary of State and serves under the supervision of the principal consular officer in the district.
  • consular office  - Any consulate general, consulate, or consular agency.
  • consular officer  - any consular, diplomatic, or other officer or employee of the United States designated under regulations prescribed under authority contained in this chapter, for the purpose of issuing immigrant or nonimmigrant visas or, when used in subchapter III, for the purpose of adjudicating nationality.
  • consular officer  - Any individual authorized to issue visas pursuant to the Immigration and Nationality Act, and the Departments regulations.
  • consular officer  - one who has authority to issue visas. Traditionally this person is knowledgeable and familiar with the maritime safety and seamen's welfare laws.
  • consulates general and consulates  - They may participate in most foreign affairs activities and vary in size and scope.
  • consultant  - any person who, for compensation, advises, or represents an employee benefit plan or who provides other assistance to such plan, concerning the establishment or operation of such plan.
  • consultant  - experienced professional providing services in an advisory capacity and are usually not accountable for the outcome of a consulting exercise does not include individuals working under a contract.
  • consumer  - Person or agency that uses information or intelligence produced by either its own staff or other agencies.
  • consumer control  - with respect to a center for independent living, that the center vests power and authority in individuals with disabilities, in terms of the management, staffing, decision-making, operation, and provisions of services, of the center.
  • consumer electronics  - Any electronic/ electrical devices, either Alternate Current (AC) or Direct Current (DC) powered, which are not part of the facility infrastructure. Some examples are radios, televisions, electronic recording or playback equipment, PA systems, and paging devices.
  • consumer electronics  - simple radio controlled devices, readily available in the consumer marketplace,
  • consumer price index  - A) the Consumer Price Index—All Urban Consumers published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor; or
(B) if the Index is not published, another regularly published cost-of-living index approximating the Consumer Price Index.

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  • consumer surplus  - The maximum sum of money a consumer would be willing to pay to consume a given amount of a good, less the amount actually paid. It is represented graphically by the area between the demand curve and the price line in a diagram representing the consumer's demand for the good as a function of its price.
  • consumption rate  - The average quantity of an item consumed or expended during a given time interval, expressed in quantities by the most appropriate unit of measurement per applicable stated basis.
  • contact communication  - all manner of personal or impersonal communication includes but not limited to written, telephonic, electronic mail, text messaging, chat room discussion, facsimile, wire, and/ or amateur radio.
  • contact mine  - A mine detonated by physical contact. See also mine.
  • contact point  - 1. In land warfare, a point on the terrain, easily identifiable, where two or more units are required to make contact. 2. In air operations, the position at which a mission leader makes radio contact with an air control agency. 3. In personnel recovery, a location where isolated personnel can establish contact with recovery forces. Also called CP. See also control point.
  • contact procedure  — Predesignated actions taken by isolated personnel and recovery forces that permit link-up between the two parties in hostile territory. See also evader.
  • contact reader  - smart card reader that communicates with the integrated circuit chip in a smart card using electrical signals on wires touching the smart card’s contact pad.
  • contactless reader  - smart card reader that communicated with the integrated circuit chip in a smart card using radio frequency (RF) signaling.
  • container  - A cube shaped structure commonly referred to as a unit load device (ULD). It is primarily used for shipping classified diplomatic pouches via various modes of conveyance.
  • container  - An article of transport equipment that meets American National Standards Institute/ International Organization for Standardization standards that is designed to facilitate and optimize the carriage of goods by one or more modes of transportation without intermediate handling of the contents.
  • container  - in the International Convention for Safe Containers, with annexes, done at Geneva, December 2, 1972.
  • container  - portable compartment in which freight is placed for convenience of movement by various modes of transportation characteristics include: (a) of a permanent character and accordingly strong enough to be suitable for repeated use; (b) specially designed to facilitate the transport of goods, by one or more modes of transport, without intermediate reloading; (c) designed to be secured and/ or readily handled, having corner fittings for these purposes; (d) of a size such that the area enclosed by the four outer bottom corners is either: (i) at least 14 sq. m. (150 sq. ft.) or (ii) at least 7 sq. m. (75 sq. ft.) if it is fitted with top corner fittings.
  • container  - see definition of freight container by the International Standards Organization in Series 1, Freight Containers, 3d Edition, including successive revisions, and similar containers that are used in providing transportation in interstate commerce.
  • container control officer  - A designated official (E6 or above or civilian equivalent) within a command, installation, or activity who is responsible for control, reporting, use, and maintenance of

  180   all Department of Defense-owned and controlled intermodal containers and equipment from time received until dispatched. Also called CCO. JP 4‐09 )

  • container management  - Planning, organizing, directing, and executing functions and responsibilities required to provide effective use of Department of Defense and Military Department owned, leased, or controlled International Organization for Standardization containers.
  • container security device  - a device, or system, designed, at a minimum, to identify positively a container, to detect and record the unauthorized intrusion of a container, and to secure a container against tampering throughout the supply chain. Such a device, or system, shall have a low false alarm rate as determined by the Secretary.
  • container-handling equipment  - Items of materials-handling equipment required to specifically receive, maneuver, and dispatch International Organization for Standardization containers. Also called CHE.
  • containerize  - The process of loading classified diplomatic pouches into an enclosed unit load device
  • containership  - A ship, usually non-self-sustaining, specially constructed and equipped to carry only containers without associated equipment, in all available cargo spaces, either below or above deck.
  • containership  - commercial vessel specially designed for transporting containerized cargo includes fully cellular containerships and refrigerated containerships.
  • contaminant  - pesticide and veterinary drug residues and extraneous matter.
  • contaminated remains  - Remains of personnel which have absorbed or upon which have been deposited radioactive material, or biological or chemical agents. See also mortuary affairs.
  • contaminated sediment  - aquatic sediment which—(A) contains chemical substances in excess of appropriate geochemical, toxicological or sediment quality criteria or measures; or (B) is otherwise considered by the Administrator to pose a threat to human health or the environment.
  • contamination  - 1. The deposit, absorption, or adsorption of radioactive material, or of biological or chemical agents on or by structures, areas, personnel, or objects. Also called fallout radiation. 2. Food and/ or water made unfit for consumption by humans or animals because of the presence of environmental chemicals, radioactive elements, bacteria or organisms, the byproduct of the growth of bacteria or organisms, the decomposing material or waste in the food or water.
  • contamination avoidance  - Individual and/ or unit measures taken to reduce the effects of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear hazards.
  • contamination control  - A combination of preparatory and responsive measures designed to limit the vulnerability of forces to chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and toxic industrial hazards and to avoid, contain, control exposure to, and, where possible, neutralize them. See also biological agent; chemical agent; contamination.
  • contamination mitigation  - The planning and actions taken to prepare for, respond to, and recover from contamination associated with all chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear threats and hazards in order to continue military operations.
  • content only  - term used to describe a special access program (or any sub-element) that contains information only and either has no funding associated with it or its funding is managed as part of the

  181 DHS unclassified corporate budget process. Terms )

  • contents  - any information concerning the identity of the parties to such communication or the existence, substance, purport, or meaning of that communication.
  • contiguous zone  - 1. A maritime zone adjacent to the territorial sea that may not extend beyond 24 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured. 2. The zone of the ocean extending 3-12 nautical miles from the United States coastline.
  • contiguous zone  - maritime zone adjacent to the territorial sea that may not extend beyond 24 nautical miles (nms) from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured as established by the United States under Article 24 of the Convention of the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone.
  • contiguous zone  - the entire zone established or to be established by the United States under article 24 of the Convention of the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone.

continental Shelf- (A) the seabed and subsoil of the submarine areas adjacent to the coast, but outside the area of the territorial sea, to a depth of 200 meters or, beyond that limit, to where the depth of the superjacent waters admits of the exploitation of the natural resources of such submarine area; and (B) the seabed and subsoil of similar submarine areas adjacent to the coast of islands.

  • continental United States  - the 48 contiguous States and the District of Columbia.
  • continental United States  - The contiguous 48 States and the District of Columbia. See also the definition for United States. Also called CONUS.
  • continental United States  - the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Territory of Alaska: Provided, however, That for the purposes of this Order the term United States shall not be deemed to include any territory included within the term foreign country.
  • continental United States  - United States territory, including the adjacent territorial waters, located within North America between Canada and Mexico. Also calledCONUS.
  • contingency  - A situation requiring military operations in response to natural disasters, terrorists, subversives, or as otherwise directed by appropriate authority to protect US interests. See also contingency contracting.
  • contingency basing  - The life-cycle process of planning, designing, constructing, operating, managing, and transitioning or closing a non-enduring location supporting a combatant commander's requirements.
  • contingency contract  - A legally binding agreement for supplies, services, and construction let by government contracting officers in the operational area as well as other contracts that have a prescribed area of performance within a designated operational area. See also external support contract; systems support contract; theater support contract.
  • contingency contracting  - all stages of the process of acquiring property or services by the Department of Defense during a contingency operation.
  • contingency contracting  - The process of obtaining goods, services, and construction via contracting means in support of contingency operations. See also contingency; contingency contract.

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  • contingency contracting personnel  - members of the armed forces and civilian employees of the Department of Defense who are members of the defense acquisition workforce and, as part of their duties, are assigned to provide support to contingency operations (whether deployed or not).
  • contingency engineering management organization  - An organization formed by the combatant commander, or subordinate commander to augment their staffs with additional Service engineering expertise for planning and construction management. See also combat engineering; contingency; crisis action planning; geospatial engineering.
  • contingency location  - A non-enduring location outside of the United States that supports and sustains operations during named and unnamed contingencies or other operations as directed by appropriate authority and is categorized by mission life-cycle requirements as initial, temporary, or semi- permanent.
  • contingency operation  - a military operation that — (1) Is designated by the Secretary of Defense as an operation in which members of the armed forces are or may become involved in military actions, operations, or hostilities against an enemy of the United States or against an opposing military force; or (2) Results in the call or order to, or retention on, active duty of members of the uniformed services under United States Code, or any other provision of law during a war or during a national emergency declared by the President or Congress.
  • contingency operation  - A military operation that is either designated by the Secretary of Defense as a contingency operation or becomes a contingency operation as a matter of law. See also contingency; operation.
  • contingency operation  - a military operation that—(A) is designated by the Secretary of Defense as an operation in which members of the armed forces are or may become involved in military actions, operations, or hostilities against an enemy of the United States or against an opposing military force; or (B) results in the call or order to, or retention on, active duty of members of the uniformed services under title 10, title 14, or any other provision of law during a war or during a national emergency declared by the President or Congress.
  • contingency operation  - This generally refers to a military operation that- (1) Is designated by the Secretary of Defense as an operation in which members of the armed forces are or may become involved in military actions and operations; or (2) Results in the call or order to, or retention on, active duty of members of the uniformed services under any provision of law during a war or during a national emergency declared by the President or Congress.
  • contingency plan  - A plan for major contingencies that can reasonably be anticipated in the principal geographic subareas of the command.
  • contingency Plan  - a plan maintained for emergency response, backup operations, and post-disaster recovery for an information system (IS), to ensure the availability of critical resources and to facilitate the continuity of operations in an emergency situation.
  • contingency Plan  - A plan used for emergency response, backup operations, and post-disaster recovery to ensure the availability of critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) and to facilitate the continuity requirements of the Departments COOP Plan, FEAPs, and BEAPs.
  • contingency planning  - Organizations must establish, maintain, and effectively implement plans for emergency response, backup operations, and post-disaster recovery for organizational information systems to ensure the availability of critical information resources and continuity of operations in emergency situations. Also called CP.

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  • contingency planning  - Security controls dealing with emergency response, backup operations, and post- disaster recovery for an IT system to ensure the availability of critical resources and to facilitate the continuity of operations in an emergency situation.
  • Contingency Planning Guidance  - Secretary of Defense written guidance, approved by the President, for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, which focuses the guidance given in the national security strategy and Defense Planning Guidance, and is the principal source document for the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan. Also called CPG.
  • contingency program management  - the process of planning, organizing, staffing, controlling, and leading the combined efforts of participating civilian and military personnel and organizations for the management of a specific defense acquisition program or programs during combat operations, post-conflict operations, and contingency operations.
  • contingency response program  - Fast reaction transportation procedures intended to provide for priority use of land transportation assets by Department of Defense when required. Also called CORE.
  • contingency ZIP Code  - A unique postal code assigned by the Military Postal Service Agency to assist in routing and sorting mail to a contingency post office for the tactical use of the Armed Forces on a temporary basis.
  • contingency ZIP Code  — A unique postal code assigned by the Military Postal Service Agency to assist in routing and sorting mail to a contingency post office for the tactical use of the Armed Forces on a temporary basis.
  • contingency/ incident personnel  - category of essential personnel that are employees who are in positions identified for possible activation, as needed, depending on the emergency includes: a. Personnel designated in positions that ensure three-deep backup to mission critical or emergency personnel b. Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) c. Personnel in positions pre-identified as part of a Crisis Action Team, and other operational teams established in response to a specific incident or situation d. Federal Emergency Response Officials e. Reconstitution Personnel in positions identified as Reconstitution Staff f. Personnel in positions identified as Devolution Staff g. Persons in positions identified in an order of succession.
  • contingent liability  - potential obligation that may be incurred depending on the outcome of a future event.
  • continued portion of the contract  - the portion of a contract that the contractor must continue to perform following a partial termination.
  • continuing resolution  - legislation in the form of a joint resolution enacted by Congress, when the new fiscal year is about to begin or has begun, to provide budget authority for federal agencies and programs to continue in operation until the regular appropriations acts are enacted.
  • continuity  - state or quality of being consistent, uninterrupted or unbroken maintain uninterrupted support to essential functions in spite of natural or man-made disasters; efforts to assure continuance of minimum essential functions across a wide range of potential emergencies, including localized act or nature, accidents, technologies and/ or attack related emergencies.
  • continuity capability  - The ability of an organization to continue performance of essential functions, using COOP, continuity of government (COG), or enduring constitutional government (ECG) programs and integrated, day-to-day operations with a primary goal of ensuring the preservation of our form of government under the Constitution and the continuing performance of National Essential Functions (NEFs) under all conditions. Built from the foundation of continuity planning

  184   and continuity program management, the key pillars of continuity capability are Leadership, Staff, Communications, and Facilities.

  • continuity coordinator  - An executive branch department or agency representative, selected from the Assistant Secretary (or equivalent) level, who is responsible for ensuring the effectiveness and survivability of the organizations continuity capability.
  • continuity facility  - location other than primary facility used to carry out essential functions during continuity of operations events.
  • continuity of operations plan  - predetermined set of instructions or procedures that describe how an organization’s essential functions will be sustained for up to 30 days as a result of a disaster event before returning to normal operations.
  • continuity of government  - a coordinated effort within the Federal Government's executive branch to ensure that National Essential Functions continue to be performed during a Catastrophic Emergency. Also called COG.
  • continuity of government  - coordinated effort within each branch of Government to ensure that National Essential Functions continue to be performed during a catastrophic emergency.
  • continuity of government  - The executive branch’s coordinated effort to ensure that NEFs continue to be performed during a catastrophic emergency. Also called COG.
  • Continuity of Government Readiness Conditions System  - system that establishes readiness levels to provide a flexible and coordinated response to escalating threat levels or actual emergencies focused on possible threats to the National Capital Region.
  • continuity of operations  - An effort within individual departments and agencies, as well as their sub- components, to ensure PMEFs continue to be performed during a wide range of emergencies, including localized acts of nature, accidents, and technological or attack-related emergencies. The Departments COOP Plan is activated only upon decision of either the President or the Secretary of State. Also called COOP.
  • continuity of operations  - an effort within individual executive departments and agencies to ensure that Primary Mission-Essential Functions continue to be performed during a wide range of emergencies, including localized acts of nature, accidents, and technological or attack-related emergencies. Also called COOP.
  • continuity of operations  - sustained performance of mission essential functions and primary mission essential functions, with little or no disruption, during a wide range of emergencies includes localized emergency due to natural occurrences, accidents, and technological or terrorist attacks.
  • continuity of operations  - The degree or state of being continuous in the conduct of functions, tasks, or duties necessary to accomplish a military action or mission in carrying out the national military strategy. Also called COOP.
  • continuity of operations plan  - document outlining prescribed process for the sustained performance of mission essential functions and primary mission essential functions, with little or no disruption, during a wide range of emergencies includes; localized emergency due to natural occurrences, accidents, and technological or terrorist attacks.
  • continuity personnel  - personnel who provide the leadership, advice, recommendations, and functional

  185 support necessary for continued performance of mission essential functions. Terms )

  • continuous evaluation security  - E.O. 13467 requires that an individual who has been determined to be eligible for, or who currently has access to classified information, shall be subject to continuous evaluation under standards (including, but not limited to, the frequency of such evaluation) as determined by the Director of National Intelligence (DNI).
  • continuous process improvement  - structured approach for analyzing how an organization is currently doing work and how it can improve processes to do the job more efficiently and effectively on an ongoing basis.
  • continuous quality improvement  - An ongoing effort to achieve measurable improvements in the efficiency, effectiveness, performance, accountability, outcomes, and other indicators of quality services or processes.
  • continuous storage  - The permanent storage of household effects while an employee is assigned to or is at an official station or duty post to which the employee is not authorized to take a portion of the regulatory HHE weight entitlement due to post specific weight or other post specific restrictions, or which is authorized in the public interest. (This term has the same meaning as nontemporary storage. )
  • continuous Voyage  - alien (1) Makes scheduled or emergency stops en route to the United States or foreign continuous territory; (2) Lays over in foreign contiguous territory for the sole purpose of effecting a transportation connection to the United States; or (3) Transfers to another conveyance in foreign contiguous territory solely for the purpose of effecting a transportation connection to the United States.
  • contraband oil  - petroleum which, or any constituent part of which, was produced, transported, or withdrawn from storage in excess of the amounts permitted to be produced, transported, or withdrawn from storage under the laws of a State or under any regulation or order prescribed thereunder by any board, commission, officer, or other duly authorized agency of such State, or any of the products of such petroleum, except petroleum or any of its constituent parts, title to which has been acquired by a State pursuant to its laws.
  • contract  - a mutually binding legal relationship obligating the seller to furnish the supplies or services
  • contract  - A legal instrument providing for the purchase, lease, or barter of property or services for the direct benefit of the U.S. Government.
  • contract  - a mutually binding legal relationship obligating the seller to furnish the supplies or services

  186   letter contracts; orders, such as purchase orders, under which the contract becomes effective by written acceptance or performance; and bilateral contract modifications. Contracts do not include grants and cooperative agreements.

  • contract  - a procurement contract under an award or subaward, and a procurement subcontract under a recipient's or subrecipient's contract.
  • contract  - any agreement for the acquisition by purchase, lease, or barter of property or services by the foreign source, for the direct benefit or use of either of the parties.
  • contract  - any repayment or water service contract between the United States and a district providing for the payment of construction charges to the United States including normal operation, maintenance, and replacement costs pursuant to Federal reclamation law.
  • contract  - mutually binding legal agreement creating an obligating relationship by a seller to furnish supplies or services, and the buyer to pay for them.
  • contract acreage  - eligible land that is covered by a BCAP contract entered into with the Secretary.
  • contract administration  - A subset of contracting that includes efforts to ensure that supplies, services, and construction are delivered in accordance with the terms and conditions of the contract.
  • contract administration  - The monitoring of the contractor's performance to assure compliance with performance requirements and contract provisions.
  • contract administration office  - an office that performs — (1) Assigned postaward functions related to the administration of contracts; and (2) Assigned preaward functions.
  • contract carriers  - U.S. certified air carriers that are under contract with the Government to furnish Federal employees and other persons authorized to travel at Government expense with passenger transportation service. This also includes General Services Administrations (GSA's) scheduled airline passenger service between selected U.S. cities/ airports and between selected U.S. and international cities/ airports at reduced fares.
  • contract clause or clause  - a term or condition used in contracts or in both solicitations and contracts, and applying after contract award or both before and after award.
  • contract cost  - total value of a contract includes options, incentive awards, award terms, and total potential contract ceilings.
  • contract for the purchase and sale of residential real property  - any contract or agreement in which one party agrees to purchase an interest in real property on which there is situated 1 or more residential dwellings used or occupied, or intended to be used or occupied, in whole or in part, as the home or residence of 1 or more persons.
  • contract modification  - Any written alterations in the specifications, delivery point, date of delivery, contract period, price, quantity, or other provision of an existing contract.
  • contract modification  - any written change in the terms of a contract.
  • contract of sale  - sales, agreements of sale, and agreements to sell.

  187

  • contract statement of requirement  - A document that provides a summary of anticipated contracted supply or service requirements by phase of operation and location. Also called CSOR.
  • contract value  - mutually agreed upon total contract or order value including all options.
  • contracted savings  - Net life-cycle cost savings realized by contracting for the performance of a VE study or by a value engineering change proposal (VECP) submitted by a contractor.
  • contracting  - entering into a formal and legally binding agreement for purchase, rent, or lease of supplies or services includes description (but not determination) of supplies and services required, selection and solicitation of sources, preparation and award of contracts, and all phases of contract administration; does not include making grants or cooperative agreements, or real property transactions.
  • contracting  - purchasing, renting, leasing, or otherwise obtaining supplies or services from nonfederal sources. Contracting includes description (but not determination) of supplies and services required, selection and solicitation of sources, preparation and award of contracts, and all phases of contract administration. It does not include making grants or cooperative agreements.
  • contracting activity  - an element of an agency designated by the agency head and delegated broad authority regarding acquisition functions.
  • contracting office  - an office that awards or executes a contract for supplies or services and performs postaward functions not assigned to a contract administration office.
  • contracting officer  - a person with the authority to enter into, administer, and/ or terminate contracts and make related determinations and findings. The term includes certain authorized representatives of the contracting officer acting within the limits of their authority as delegated by the contracting officer. “Administrative contracting officer (ACO)” refers to a contracting officer who is administering contracts. “Termination contracting officer (TCO)” refers to a contracting officer who is settling terminated contracts. A single contracting officer may be responsible for duties in any or all of these areas. Reference in this regulation to administrative contracting officer or termination contracting officer does not — (1) Require that a duty be performed at a particular office or activity; or (2) Restrict in any way a contracting officer in the performance of any duty properly assigned.
  • contracting officer  - A Service member or Department of Defense civilian with the legal authority to enter into, administer, modify, and/ or terminate contracts.
  • contracting officer  - An inherently governmental agency official who participates on the PWS team, and is responsible for the issuance of the solicitation and the source selection evaluation methodology. The CO awards the contract and issues the MEO letter of obligation or fee-for-service agreement resulting from a streamlined or standard competition. The CO and the SSA may be the same individual. Also called CO.
  • contracting officer  - An official authorized to enter into or administer procurement contracts and make related determinations and findings.
  • contracting officer representative  - A Service member or Department of Defense civilian or a foreign government civilian or military member appointed in writing and trained by a contracting officer, responsible for monitoring contract performance and performing other duties specified by their appointment letter. Also called COR.
  • contracting officer’s representative  - an individual, including a contracting officer’s technical representative (COTR), designated and authorized in writing by the contracting officer to perform

  188   specific technical or administrative functions. Also called COR. CH A )

  • contracting officers representative  - A technically-qualified person designated as the contracting officers authorized representative to assist in the administration of a contract. The designation must be made in writing by the contracting officer. Also called COR.
  • contracting officer's representative  - The individual in the requirements office who is responsible for the technical monitoring and evaluation of the contractor's performance. Also called COR.
  • contractor  - a citizen of the United States (A) who owns or controls, or who will own or control, a new or existing aircraft and who contracts with the Secretary to modify that aircraft by including or incorporating specified defense features in that aircraft and to commit that aircraft to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet, (B) who subsequently obtains ownership or control of a civil aircraft covered by such a contract and assumes all existing obligations under that contract, or (C) who owns or controls, or will own or control, new or existing aircraft and who, by contract, commits some or all of such aircraft to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
  • contractor  - a private entity that enters into a contract with an agency.
  • Contractor Establishment Code  - A numbering system to identify Federal contractors. Federal agencies are required to report vendor activities for commercial vendors with Federal contracts of $25,000 or more, using CEC numbers to identify the vendor. Also called CEC.
  • contractor management  - The oversight and integration of contractor personnel and associated equipment providing support to the joint force in a designated operational area.
  • contractor name  - name of external entity doing business with the organization or desiring to do business with the organization.
  • contractor personnel  - person who performs work for or on behalf of any agency under a contract and who, in order to perform the work specified under the contract, requires access to space, information, information technology systems, staff, and / or other assets.
  • contractor test  - testing performed by the contractor or developing organization during the development of a product could include component testing, integration testing and the system level test.
  • contractor-acquired property  - Personal property acquired, fabricated, or otherwise provided by a contractor for performing a contract and to which the U.S. Government has title.
  • contractor-acquired property  - Property acquired, fabricated, or otherwise provided by the contractor for performing a contract and to which the Government has title. Examples are property acquired under a cost-reimbursement contract or property acquired under a contract with a special term and condition directing the contractor to acquire the property for the government. A time-and-materials repair contract may direct a contractor to obtain an inventory of repair parts that transition to the government at contract completion. Property acquired under a cost-reimbursement contract as a direct charge is the property of the U.S. Government upon payment or issuance from contractor stores.
  • contractors authorized to accompany the force  - Contingency contractor employees and all tiers of subcontractor employees who are authorized to accompany the force in applicable contingency operations and have afforded such status through the issuance of a letter of authorization. Also called CAAF.

  189

  • contributed importantly  - a cause which is important but not necessarily more important than any other cause.
  • contributed importantly  - a cause which is important but not necessarily more important than any other cause.(2)(A) Any firm that engages in exploration or drilling for oil or natural gas shall be considered to be a firm producing oil or natural gas.(B) Any firm that engages in exploration or drilling for oil or natural gas, or otherwise produces oil or natural gas, shall be considered to be producing articles directly competitive with imports of oil and with imports of natural gas.
  • contributing program  - Based on the Federal Program Inventory, the programs that support each strategic objective.
  • control  - 1. Authority that may be less than full command exercised by a commander over part of the activities of subordinate or other organizations. 2. In mapping, charting, and photogrammetry, a collective term for a system of marks or objects on the Earth or on a map or a photograph, whose positions or elevations (or both) have been or will be determined. 3. Physical or psychological pressures exerted with the intent to assure that an agent or group will respond as directed. 4. An indicator governing the distribution and use of documents, information, or material. Such indicators are the subject of intelligence community agreement and are specifically defined in appropriate regulations. See also administrative control; operational control; tactical control.
  • control  - actual control, legal control, and the power to exercise control, when referring to a relationship between persons, through or by (A) common directors, officers, stockholders, a voting trust, or a holding or investment company, or (B) any other means.
  • control  - the power, directly or indirectly, to determine the policy, business practices, or decision-making process of another person, whether by stock or other ownership interest, by representation on a board of directors or similar body, by contract or other agreement with stockholders or others, or otherwise;
  • control activities  - include policies, procedures and mechanisms in place to help ensure that agency objectives are met. Several examples include: proper segregation of duties (separate personnel with authority to authorize a transaction, process the transaction, and review the transaction); physical controls over assets (limited access to inventories or equipment); proper authorization; and appropriate documentation and access to that documentation.
  • control area  - A controlled airspace extending upwards from a specified limit above the Earth. See also control zone.
  • control deficiency  - An inadequacy in a design or operation of a control that does not allow management or employees, in the normal course of their assigned functions, to prevent or detect misstatements on a timely basis and to meet the organizations internal control objectives.
  • control deficiency  - Exists when the design or operation of a control does not allow management or employees, in the normal course of performing their assigned functions, to prevent or detect misstatements on a timely basis.
  • control gate  - A management review process in the project cycle designed to examine and evaluate project status (milestones) and to determine if the project will proceed to the next management event.
  • control group  - Personnel, ships, and craft designated to control the waterborne ship-to-shore movement.

  190  

  • control or inspection procedure  - any procedure used, directly or indirectly, to determine that a sanitary or phytosanitary measure is fulfilled, including sampling, testing, inspection, evaluation, verification, monitoring, auditing, assurance of conformity, accreditation, registration, certification, or other procedure involving the physical examination of a good, of the packaging of a good, or of the equipment or facilities directly related to production, marketing, or use of a good, but does not mean an approval procedure.
  • control or inspection procedure  - any procedure used, directly or indirectly, to determine that a sanitary or phytosanitary measure is fulfilled, including sampling, testing, inspection, evaluation, verification, monitoring, auditing, assurance of conformity, accreditation, registration, certification, or other procedure involving the physical examination of a good, of the packaging of a good, or of the equipment or facilities directly related to production, marketing, or use of a good, but does not mean an approval procedure.
  • control phase  - capital planning phase that requires ongoing monitoring of information technology investments against schedules, budgets, and performance measures.
  • control point  - 1. A position along a route of march at which men are stationed to give information and instructions for the regulation of supply or traffic. 2. A position marked by coordinates (latitude, longitude), a buoy, boat, aircraft, electronic device, conspicuous terrain feature, or other identifiable object which is given a name or number and used as an aid to navigation or control of ships, boats, or aircraft. 3. In marking mosaics, a point located by ground survey with which a corresponding point on a photograph is matched as a check.
  • control unit  - system component that monitors input and controls outputs through various types of circuits.
  • control zone  - A controlled airspace extending upwards from the surface of the Earth to a specified upper limit. See also control area.
  • controlled access area  - A specifically designated area within a building where classified information may be handled, stored, discussed, or processed. Also called CAA.
  • controlled access area  - The only area(s) within a building where classified information or materials may be handled, stored, discussed, or processed. There are two categories of CAAs - core areas and restricted areas.
  • controlled area  - room, office, building, or facility to which access is monitored, limited or controlled admittance is limited to persons who have official business within the area.
  • controlled cryptographic item  - Secure telecommunications or information system, or associated cryptographic component, unclassified and handled through the COMSEC Material Control System (CMCS), an equivalent material control system, or a combination of the two that provides accountability and visibility. Such items are marked Controlled Cryptographic Item, or, where space is limited, CCI. Also called CCI.
  • controlled form  - Form that carries a watermark (paper) or an individual number (paper and/ or electronic versions). Program offices maintain control over these forms inventory and access as applicable.
  • controlled information  - 1. Information conveyed to an adversary in a deception operation to evoke desired appreciations. 2. Information and indicators deliberately conveyed or denied to foreign targets to evoke invalid official estimates that result in foreign official actions advantageous to United States interests and objectives.

  191

  • controlled information  — 1. Information conveyed to an adversary in a deception operation to evoke desired appreciations. 2. Information and indicators deliberately conveyed or denied to foreign targets to evoke invalid official estimates that result in foreign official actions advantageous to United States interests and objectives.
  • controlled shipment  - The transport of material from the point at which the destination of the material is first identified for a site, through installation and/ or use, under the continuous 24-hour control of Secret cleared U.S. citizens, or by DS-approved technical means and seal.
  • controlled space  - a substantial and identifiable segment of space (such as a building, floor, or wing) in a location that the Administrator of General Services controls for purposes of assignment of space.
  • controlled substance  — A drug or other substance, or immediate precursor included in Schedule I, II, III, IV, or V of the Controlled Substances Act.
  • controlled technical services  - The controlled use of technology to enhance counterintelligence and human intelligence activities. Also called CTS.
  • controlled Unclassified Information  - information that requires safeguarding or dissemination controls pursuant to and consistent with law, regulations, and Government-wide policies, excluding information classified under Executive Order 13526 of December 29, 2009, or the Atomic Energy Act, as amended.
  • controlled unclassified information  - unclassified information that requires safeguarding or dissemination controls pursuant to and consistent with applicable law, regulation, and government- wide policy exceptions: Protected Critical Infrastructure Information; Sensitive Security Information; and Safeguards Information, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
  • convention  - is the Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption, done at The Hague on May 29, 1993. The numbered articles of the Convention are sometimes referred to in correspondence regarding Convention adoption cases, such as the Article 5 Letters and Article 23 Certificates.
  • convention country  - a country for which the Hague Abduction Convention has entered into force with respect to the United States.
  • convention country  - is a country that is a party to the Convention and with which the Convention is in force for the United States. For a list of Convention countries, see the State Department Web site.
  • convention oil  - crude oil, fuel oil, diesel oil, and lubricating oil.
  • convention record  - any item, collection, or grouping of information contained in an electronic or physical document, an electronic collection of data (including the information contained in IVO, NIV, or ATS software systems), a photograph, an audio or video tape, or any other information storage medium of any type whatever that contains information about a specific past, current, or prospective adoption covered by the Convention (regardless of whether the adoption was made final) that the Department of State or the Department of Homeland Security has generated or received. a. Convention records do not include adoption records that are held by States or countries of origin, but only those records which the Department or DHS has created or received. b. As with other visa records, a Convention record is considered to include only information or documents pertaining to an individual visa applicant, not material from general instructions, visa manuals or other similar documents that make no reference to individual named applicants. A Convention record could include (but is not limited to) correspondence with other posts about a visa, correspondence with the applicant, investigative reports, immigrant visa refusal worksheets, post's

  192   requests for advisory opinions from the Department, and Department responses. c. Unless the original (or a scanned, electronic, copy) is retained by post, a document or other data which an applicant presents in connection with his or her visa application should not be considered a Convention record. d. The 75-year period for retention of Convention records starts as of the date that the Department or DHS receives the first Convention record for that particular Convention adoptee case.

  • Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty  - A 30-nation international treaty that establishes limitations on conventional armaments and equipment and provides for transparency about the conventional armed forces of the state’s parties. The Treaty entered into force in July 1992 and its limitations took effect in November 1995. Also called CFE.
  • conventional biofuel  - renewable fuel that is ethanol derived from corn starch.
  • conventional energy source  - energy produced from oil, gas, coal, and nuclear fuels.
  • conventional forces  - 1. Those forces capable of conducting operations using nonnuclear weapons. 2. Those forces other than designated special operations forces. Also called CF.
  • conventional mines  - Land mines, other than nuclear or chemical, that are not designed to self-destruct; are designed to be emplaced by hand or mechanical means; and can be buried or surface emplaced. See also mine.
  • conversion  - a change of the position to a civilian medical or dental position, effective as of the date of the manning authorization document of the military department making the change (through a change in designation from military to civilian in the document, the elimination of the listing of the position as a military position in the document, or through any other means indicating the change in the document or otherwise).
  • conversion  - Addresses requirements to change software, hardware, data values, forms, or organizational structures to enhance data use.
  • conversion  - the nature of action used on a personnel action to move an employee without a break in service from one personnel appointment to another personnel appointment in the same agency. For example, conversions are used to accomplish movement from one grade level to another, from one position description to another and from one type of appointment (temporary) to another (limited). Movement from a contract to a personnel appointment, even without a break in service, is not a conversion; it is a new appointment.
  • conversion from contract  - A change in the performance of a commercial activity from a private sector provider to agency performance.
  • conversion to contract  - A change in the performance of a commercial activity from agency performance to a private sector provider.
  • conveyance  - an instrument, including a conditional sales contract, affecting title to, or an interest in, property. Federal airway - a part of the navigable airspace that the Administrator designates as a Federal airway.
  • conveyance transport  - vehicle or cargo handling equipment for transport of goods or people.
  • conviction  - a finding, under State or Federal law, that a person has committed an act of juvenile

  193 delinquency involving a violent or controlled substances felony. US Code 18, §521 )

  • conviction  - a formal judgment of guilt of the alien entered by a court or, if adjudication of guilt has been withheld, where — (i) a judge or jury has found the alien guilty or the alien has entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere or has admitted sufficient facts to warrant a finding of guilt, and (ii) the judge has ordered some form of punishment, penalty, or restraint on the alien's liberty to be imposed. (B) Any reference to a term of imprisonment or a sentence with respect to an offense is deemed to include the period of incarceration or confinement ordered by a court of law regardless of any suspension of the imposition or execution of that imprisonment or sentence in whole or in part.
  • conviction  - a judgment or a conviction of a criminal offense by any court of competent jurisdiction, whether entered upon as a verdict or a plea, including a conviction due to a plea of nolo contendere. (2) Costs include, but are not limited to, administrative and clerical expenses; the cost of legal services, whether performed by in-house or private counsel; and the costs of the services of accountants, consultants, or others retained by the organization to assist it; costs of employees, officers and trustees, and any similar costs incurred before, during, and after commencement of a judicial or administrative proceeding that bears a direct relationship to the proceedings. (3) Fraud, as used herein, means (i) acts of fraud corruption or attempts to defraud the Federal Government or to corrupt its agents, (ii) acts that constitute a cause for debarment or suspension (as specified in agency regulations), and (iii) acts which violate the False Claims Act, or the Anti-Kickback Act. (4) Penalty does not include restitution, reimbursement, or compensatory damages.
  • conviction  - a judgment or conviction of a criminal offense by any court of competent jurisdiction, whether entered upon a verdict or a plea, and includes a conviction entered upon a plea of nolo contendere.
  • conviction  - a judgment or conviction of a criminal offense by any court of competent jurisdiction, whether entered upon verdict or a plea, including a conviction due to a plea of nolo contendere.
  • conviction  - a. A formal judgment of guilt entered by a court; or b. If adjudication has been withheld, either- (1) A finding of guilty by judge or jury; or (2) A plea of guilty or nolo contendere by the alien; or (3) An admission from the alien of sufficient facts to warrant a finding of guilt; and c. The imposition of some form of punishment, penalty, or restraint of liberty by a judge.
  • convoy  - 1. A number of merchant ships and/ or naval auxiliaries usually escorted by warships and/ or aircraft — or a single merchant ship or naval auxiliary under surface escort — assembled and organized for the purpose of passage together. 2. A group of vehicles organized for the purpose of control and orderly movement with or without escort protection that moves over the same route at the same time and under one commander.
  • convoy escort  - 1. A naval ship(s) or aircraft in company with a convoy and responsible for its protection. 2. An escort to protect a convoy of vehicles from being scattered, destroyed, or captured. See also escort.
  • co-occurring conditions  - one or more adverse health conditions in an individual with HIV/ AIDS, without regard to whether the individual has AIDS and without regard to whether the conditions arise from HIV.
  • cookie  - Cookies are small data files written to your hard drive by a Web site when you view it in your browser. Cookies can contain information the site can use to track such things as your Web site user name at that Web site, your password to access the features of the Web site, lists of pages you've visited, and the date when you last looked at a certain page. There are two types of cookies, session cookies and persistent cookies. Session cookies are temporary, created to maintain active status with an application such as a database during the application session, and expire when the session ends. Persistent cookies are not temporary. They may last indefinitely or they may be set to expire at a

  194   fixed interval following the last time they are used. Persistent cookies are used by a Web site to maintain visitor preferences and parameters when using a particular site.

  • COOP Event  - Any event that otherwise prevents normal government operations from continuing and causes a department or agency to relocate operations to a relocation site to assure continuance of its PMEFs and/ or MEFs.
  • COOP personnel  - category of essential personnel that are employees occupying positions identified to sustain an organization's primary mission functions and mission essential functions. May conduct these activities at an alternate site, virtually or through the observance of an alternate work schedule, b. Are expected to initiate and remain in contact with their Component during an emergency to maintain continuity of operations, and   c. Are emergency relocation group (ERG) members and alternate ERG members.
  • Cooperating Agency  - A private organization that facilitates international exchanges in higher education. Also called CA.
  • cooperating authority  - a Department of Transportation operating administration or secretarial office that has expertise but is not the lead authority with respect to a proposed multimodal project.
  • cooperating individual  - with respect to an antitrust leniency agreement, a current or former director, officer, or employee of the antitrust leniency applicant who is covered by the agreement.
  • cooperation  - working together to achieve the different goals of each participant.
  • cooperative agreement  - An award where The principle purpose of the relationship is the transfer of money, property, services, or anything of value to the state, local government, or other recipient to accomplish a public purpose of support or stimulation authorized by the Federal statute, rather than acquisition, by purchase, lease, or barter, of property or services for the direct benefit or use of the U.S. Government; and Substantial involvement is anticipated between the Executive agency, acting for the U.S. Government, and the State or local government or other recipient during performance of the contemplated activity.
  • cooperative education  - the provision of alternating or parallel periods of academic study and public or private employment to give students work experiences related to their academic or occupational objectives and an opportunity to earn the funds necessary for continuing and completing their education.
  • cooperative extensions  - Cooperative extensions provide resources for land-grant institutions to solve public needs with college or university resources through non-formal, non-credit programs. The extensions address six major areas, including 4-H youth development, agriculture, leadership development, natural resources, family and consumer sciences, and community and economic development.
  • cooperative grant  - a grant that assists groups of nonprofit accredited colleges and universities to work together to conduct a science improvement program.
  • cooperative research and development agreement  - agreement between one or more federal laboratories and one or more non-federal parties under which the Government, through its laboratories, may provide personnel, services, facilities, equipment, intellectual property, or other resources with or without reimbursement (may not provide funds to non-federal parties) and the non-federal parties may provide funds, personnel, services, facilities, equipment, intellectual

  195 property, or other resources toward the conduct of specified research or development efforts which are consistent with the missions of the laboratory.

  • cooperative security location  — A facility located outside the United States and US territories with little or no permanent US presence, maintained with periodic Service, contractor, or host-nation support. Cooperative security locations provide contingency access, logistic support, and rotational use by operating forces and are a focal point for security cooperation activities. Also called CSL. See also forward operating site; main operating base.
  • coordinate  - To advance systematically an analysis and exchange of information among principals who have or may have a need to know certain information to carry out specific incident management responsibilities.
  • coordinate/ in coordination with  - a consensus decision-making process in which the named coordinating department or agency is responsible for working with the affected departments and agencies to achieve consensus and a consistent course of action.
  • coordinated fire line  - A line beyond which conventional surface-to-surface direct fire and indirect fire support means may fire at any time within the boundaries of the establishing headquarters without additional coordination. Also called CFL. See also fire support.
  • coordinating agency  - An agency that supports the incident management mission by providing the leadership, staff, expertise, and authorities to implement critical and specific aspects of the response.
  • coordinating altitude  - An airspace coordinating measure that uses altitude to separate users and as the transition between different airspace control elements. Also called CA.
  • coordinating authority  - A commander or individual who has the authority to require consultation between the specific functions or activities involving forces of two or more Services, joint force components, or forces of the same Service or agencies, but does not have the authority to compel agreement.
  • coordinating review authority  — An agency appointed by a Service or combatant command to coordinate with and assist the lead agent, primary review authority, Joint Staff doctrine sponsor, and assessment agent in joint doctrine development and maintenance. Also called CRA. See also joint doctrine; joint publication; lead agent; primary review authority.
  • coordination level  - A procedural method to separate fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft by determining an altitude below which fixed-wing aircraft normally will not fly. Also called CL.
  • copyrights  - claims of copyrights, rights to copyrights, and rights to copyright renewals.
  • coral  - species of the phylum Cnidaria, including—
(A) all species of the orders Antipatharia (black corals), Scleractinia (stony corals), Gorgonacea (horny corals), Stolonifera (organpipe corals and others), Alcyanacea (soft corals), and Coenothecalia (blue coral), of the class Anthozoa; and (B) all species of the order Hydrocorallina (fire corals and hydrocorals) of the class Hydrozoa.
  • coral reef  - any reefs or shoals composed primarily of corals.
  • coral reef ecosystem  - coral and other species of reef organisms (including reef plants) associated with

  196   coral reefs, and the nonliving environmental factors that directly affect coral reefs, that together function as an ecological unit in nature. US Code 16, §6409 )

  • core capacity improvement project  - a substantial corridor-based capital investment in an existing fixed guideway system that increases the capacity of a corridor by not less than 10 percent. Does not include project elements designed to maintain a state of good repair of the existing fixed guideway system.
  • core hours  - The daily hours when employees on a flexible work schedule must be present for work. Each bureau/ post must establish its own core hours. A bureau/ post may choose the Departments core hours of 9 -00 a.m. to 3 -00 p.m. or establish other core hours. The band of core hours should be at least 5 consecutive hours long. Core hours should not begin before 6 -00 a.m. or extend past 6 -00 p.m.

core labor standards- (A) freedom of association; (B) the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining; (C) the elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labor; (D) the effective abolition of child labor and a prohibition on the worst forms of child labor; and (E) the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.

  • core mission area  - a core mission area of the Department of Defense .
  • core programs  - a program authorized under a core program provision.
  • core response group  - A Department group established in accordance with the recommendations of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Presidents Identity Theft Task Force concerning data breach notification. Also called CRG.
  • core statement  - message description of the purpose and mission, the nature of strategic relationships, the general scope of efforts to be performed, and core competencies.
  • core telework  - telework that occurs on a routine, regular, recurring basis on one or more days per pay period.
  • core telework  - The employee teleworks on a regularly scheduled basis, at least 1 day a week, but perhaps more frequently.
  • core work Federally Funded Research and Development Center  - work appropriate for performance by the Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC) because it is consistent with the mission, purpose, and competencies of the FFRDC, and draws on or sustains a strategic relationship between the FFRDC and its sponsor.
  • corporate family  - a group of corporations consisting of a parent corporation and all subsidiaries in which the parent corporation owns directly or indirectly a 100 percent interest
  • corporation  - a citizen of any State, and a citizen or subject of any foreign state, in which it is incorporated or has its principal place of business, and is deemed to be a resident of any State in which it is incorporated or licensed to do business or is doing business.
  • corporation  - any company, trust, so-called Massachusetts trust, or association, incorporated or unincorporated, which is organized to carry on business for its own profit or that of its members, and has shares of capital or capital stock or certificates of interest, and any company, trust, so-called Massachusetts trust, or association, incorporated or unincorporated, without shares of capital or capital stock or certificates of interest, except partnerships, which is organized to carry on business

  197 for its own profit or that of its members.

  • corporation  - any corporation, joint-stock company, partnership, association, business trust, organized group of persons, whether incorporated or not, or a receiver or receivers, trustee or trustees of any of the foregoing. It shall not include municipalities.
  • correctional institution  - any (A) prison, (B) jail, (C) reformatory, (D) work farm, (E) detention center, or (F) halfway house, community-based rehabilitation center, or any other similar institution designed for the confinement or rehabilitation of criminal offenders.
  • corrective action  - action taken by the auditee that: (1) Corrects identified deficiencies; (2) Produces recommended improvements; or (3) Demonstrates that audit findings are either invalid or do not warrant auditee action.
  • corrective action  - elimination and remediation addressing a weakness or cause of a problem.

corrective action -- Measures taken to implement resolved audit findings and recommendations.

  • corrective action  - The action taken by the auditee that - Corrects identified deficiencies; Produces recommended improvements; or Demonstrates that audit findings are either invalid or do not warrant auditee action.
  • Corrective Action Management Unit  - physical, geographic area designated by EPA for states for managing remediation wastes during a corrective action or remedial action.
  • Corrective Action Plan  - A document that is developed by management for all material weaknesses and significant deficiencies identified either for program or financial reporting. The CAP specifically identifies an overall corrective action accountability official; describes the significant deficiencies; and lists and provides a status of corrective actions and a timeline for resolution. CAPs for program or financial reporting are tracked internally by either the Management Control Steering Committee (MCSC) or the Senior Assessment Team (SAT). Also called CAP.
  • Corrective Action Review  - The method by which the action taken by Department managers to correct material weaknesses and significant deficiencies are validated to ensure the intended results were achieved and adequate management controls were established and are working. Normally coordinated by the bureau or office management control coordinator, the CAR will be completed within 1 year of reporting the material weakness or significant deficiencies as corrected or downgraded to a deficiency. Results of the CAR are reportable to the Management Control Steering Committee. Also called CAR.
  • corrective actions  - Implementing procedures that are based on lessons learned from actual incidents or from training and exercises.
  • correspondence  - An official item that is not entered into the postal system and does not have postage affixed, and that is transported between Department entities, usually in a messenger envelope.
  • corresponding onshore area  - with respect to any OCS source, the onshore attainment or nonattainment area that is closest to the source, unless the Administrator determines that another area with more stringent requirements with respect to the control and abatement of air pollution may reasonably be expected to be affected by such emissions. Such determination shall be based on the potential for air pollutants from the OCS source to reach the other onshore area and the potential of such air pollutants to affect the efforts of the other onshore area to attain or maintain any Federal or State

  198   ambient air quality standard or to comply with the provisions of part C of subchapter I.

  • corridor-based bus rapid transit project  - a small start project utilizing buses in which the project represents a substantial investment in a defined corridor as demonstrated by features that emulate the services provided by rail fixed guideway public transportation systems, including defined stations; traffic signal priority for public transportation vehicles; short headway bidirectional services for a substantial part of weekdays; and any other features the Secretary may determine support a long-term corridor investment, but the majority of which does not operate in a separated right-of-way dedicated for public transportation use during peak periods.
  • corrosive timing switch  - timing switch using a corrosive chemical with a known decomposition rate that is designed to destroy a physical restraint on a triggering device to start the initiation train.

cosmetic- (1) articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance, and (2) articles intended for use as a component of any such articles; except that such term shall not include soap. cosmetic- (1) articles to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body or any part thereof intended for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance, and (2) articles intended for use as a component of any such article; except that such term shall not include soap.

  • cost  - an amount as determined on a cash, accrual, or other basis acceptable to the Federal awarding or cognizant agency. It does not include transfers to a general or similar fund.
  • cost accounting system  - A system where a separate cost accounting is performed for each product to ensure that the entity covers its costs on each transaction. Private-sector entities that sell the products they produce in the commercial marketplace typically use cost accounting to determine a price per transaction that will cover their direct and indirect costs. Proper cost accounting analyzes in detail all the cost of labor, parts, materials, utilities, factory and office rent, equipment, depreciation, overhead, etc., required to produce a specific item.
  • cost allocation plan  - central service cost allocation plan, public assistance cost allocation plan, and indirect cost rate proposal.
  • cost avoidance  - an action taken in the immediate time frame that will decrease costs in the future. For example, an engineering improvement that increases the mean time between failures and thereby decreases operation and maintenance costs is a cost avoidance action. Cost avoidance may be considered an additional benefit to quality or other non-quantifiable value engineering improvement.
  • cost center  - A grouping of available services into a specific category, a cost center identifies the type of administrative services available to serviced agencies. Customers subscribe to services by cost center. The costs in a cost center are distributed in accordance with an agreed-upon distribution factor. Examples of cost centers include cashiering, accounts and records, vehicle maintenance, and travel services.
  • cost distribution system  - A system where costs are pooled and then spread to service recipients using a distribution factor. Municipal taxes are a common example of a cost distribution system. Instead of pricing its services on a transaction basis (see cost accounting system), municipal government decides at the beginning of the year what level of fire protection services it can afford. It then estimates the total cost of the fire protection services and divides it among the taxpayers using a factor (typically a rate per $1,000 of real estate value). Normally, the services in the firefighting cost center include extinguishing residential fires, chemical and other potentially toxic fires, vehicle fires, search and rescue, fire code enforcement and fire prevention/ education. While municipalities

  199 publish the real estate tax rate, they do not provide a predictor or price for the services that a single taxpayer will receive during one year. A fortunate resident might pay taxes and support municipal firefighting for a lifetime without calling the fire department to put out a blaze. A less fortunate resident might be forced to call the fire department multiple times. Both, however, pay the same tax rate.

cost estimate- (A) an assessment and quantification of all costs and risks associated with the acquisition of a major system based upon reasonably available information at the time the Director establishes the 2010 adjusted total acquisition cost for such system or restructures such system; and (B) does not mean an independent cost estimate.

  • cost estimate  - A written calculation of all items included in the scope of the work, tabulated under appropriate cost headings (direct costs, labor, overhead, and profit).
  • cost objective  - a function, organizational subdivision, contract, grant, or other activity for which cost data are needed and for which costs are incurred.
  • cost objective  - a function, organizational subdivision, sponsored agreement, or other work unit for which cost data are desired and for which provision is made to accumulate and measure the cost of processes, products, jobs, capitalized projects, etc.
  • cost objective  - a function, organizational subdivision, sponsored agreement, or other work unit for which cost data are desired and for which provision is made to accumulate and measure the cost of processes, products, jobs, capitalized projects, etc.
  • cost of attendance  - the average annual cost of tuition and fees, room and board, books, supplies, and transportation for an institution of higher education for a first-time, full-time undergraduate student enrolled in the institution.
  • cost of construction  - architects' fees and the cost of acquisition of land in connection with construction but does not include the cost of offsite improvements.
  • cost of construction  - the amount found by the Secretary to be necessary for a construction project, including architect fees, but excluding land acquisition costs.
  • cost of fulfilling user requests  - the incremental costs associated with providing product generation, reproduction, and distribution of unenhanced data in response to user requests and shall not include any acquisition, amortization, or depreciation of capital assets originally paid for by the United States Government or other costs not specifically attributable to fulfilling user requests.
  • cost of production  - The sum of: (A) The price or cost of materials, labor costs, and other direct charges incurred in the production of the article and in the processes or methods employed in its production; (B) the usual general expenses, including charges for depreciation or depletion which are representative of the equipment and property employed in the production of the article and charges for rent or interest which are representative of the cost of obtaining capital or instruments of production; and (C) the cost of containers and coverings of whatever nature, and other costs, charges, and expenses incident to placing the article in condition packed ready for delivery.
  • cost or pricing data  - all facts that, as of the date of price agreement, or, if applicable, an earlier date agreed upon between the parties that is as close as practicable to the date of agreement on price, prudent buyers and sellers would reasonably expect to affect price negotiations significantly. Cost or pricing data are factual, not judgmental; and are verifiable. While they do not indicate the accuracy of the prospective contractor’s judgment about estimated future costs or projections, they do include the data forming the basis for that judgment. Cost or pricing data are more than historical accounting data; they are all the facts that can be reasonably expected to contribute to the soundness of

  200   estimates of future costs and to the validity of determinations of costs already incurred. They also include, but are not limited to, such factors as — (1) Vendor quotations; (2) Nonrecurring costs; (3) Information on changes in production methods and in production or purchasing volume; (4) Data supporting projections of business prospects and objectives and related operations costs; (5) Unit- cost trends such as those associated with labor efficiency; (6) Make-or-buy decisions; (7) Estimated resources to attain business goals; and (8) Information on management decisions that could have a significant bearing on costs.

  • cost pool  - Cost pools serve two functions. First, they reduce the number of strip codes on obligation and liquidation documents as well as the number of records on State Department accounting reports. Second, cost pools enable a post to simplify its budgets and allocate costs to many cost centers in the ICASS software. All function codes beginning with a 96 are cost-pool function codes. Examples include 9661 for the post-funded wages and benefits of all locally employed staff personnel except FSN/ PSC local guards; 9662 for post-funded wage and benefits and other costs of the local guard program; and 9664 for the warehouse cost pool, among others.
  • cost realism  - that the costs in an offeror’s proposal — (1) Are realistic for the work to be performed; (2 ) Reflect a clear understanding of the requirements; and (3) Are consistent with the various elements of the offeror’s technical proposal.
  • cost risk  - risk that a program will not meet its established cost objectives.
  • cost savings  - a reduction in actual expenditures below the projected level of costs to achieve a specific objective.
  • cost sharing  - an explicit arrangement under which the contractor bears some of the burden of reasonable, allocable, and allowable contract cost.
  • cost sharing or matching  - that portion of project or program costs not borne by the Federal Government.
  • cost sharing or matching  - That portion of project or program costs not borne by the U.S. Government.
  • cost-benefit analysis  - process using an analytic technique to compare alternatives according to the relative costs incurred and the relative benefits gained typically measured in monetary terms.
  • cost-constructed travel  - Travel based on a cost comparison between the cost of official (i.e., direct ) travel and the cost of personal (i.e., indirect) travel. When cost constructing travel, the traveler can only claim the cost of the fare(s) the U.S. Government would have paid to the contract and/ or common carrier or the cost of the commercial fare(s) the traveler actually paid to common carriers, whichever is less.
  • cost-effectiveness  - A systematic quantitative method for comparing the costs of alternative means of achieving the same stream of benefits or a given objective.
  • cost-effectiveness analysis  - process using an analytic technique that compares the cost of two or more alternatives with the same outcome. analytic technique that evaluates an alternative by how much it delivers per unit cost, or how much has to be spent per unit benefit.
  • cost-reimbursement contract  - A contract in which the buyer and seller agree on an estimate of contract costs. The buyer agrees to reimburse the seller for reasonable, allowable, and allocable costs necessary to complete the work.

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  • costs  - administrative and clerical expenses; the cost of legal services, whether performed by in-house or private counsel; the costs of the services of accountants, consultants, or others retained by the institution to assist it; costs of employees, officers and trustees, and any similar costs incurred before, during, and after commencement of a judicial or administrative proceeding that bears a direct relationship to the proceedings.
  • costs related to decommissioning of nuclear facilities  - any cost associated with the compliance with regulatory requirements governing the decommissioning of nuclear facilities licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
  • costs related to storage and disposal of nuclear waste  - any costs, whether required by regulation or incurred as a matter of prudent business practice, associated with the storage or disposal of nuclear waste.
  • cost-type contract  — A contract that provides for payment to the contractor of allowable cost, to the extent prescribed in the contract, incurred in performance of the contract.
  • cotton futures contract  - any contract of sale of cotton for future delivery made at, on, or in any exchange, board of trade, or similar institution or place of business which has been designated a contract market by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission pursuant to the Commodity Exchange Act and the term contract of sale as so used shall be held to include sales, agreements of sale, and agreements to sell, except that—(A) any cotton futures contract that, by its terms, is settled in cash is excluded; and (B) any cotton futures contract that permits tender of cotton grown outside of the United States is excluded to the extent that the cotton grown outside of the United States is tendered for delivery under the cotton futures contract.
  • Council on Environmental Quality  - entity established in the Executive Office of the President to oversee implementation of the National Environmental Policy Act.
  • Councils for International Visitors  - Community-based nonprofit organizations across the United States that arrange professional and cultural programs for ECA/ PE/ V International visitors. Also called CIV.

Counsel for the United States- (A) a United States attorney, an assistant United States attorney designated to act on behalf of the United States attorney, or an attorney with the United States Department of Justice or with a Federal agency who has litigation authority; and (B) any private attorney authorized by contract made to conduct litigation for collection of debts on behalf of the United States.

  • counsel or legal counsel  - A person licensed or otherwise authorized to practice law in a particular jurisdiction, by handling the trial or management of a case in court and/ or advising and representing an individual or corporate client in legal matters.
  • counseling  - such counseling provided by an individual trained to provide such counseling.
  • counter threat finance  - Activities conducted to deny, disrupt, destroy, or defeat the generation, storage, movement, and use of assets to fund activities that support an adversary’s ability to negatively affect United States interests. Also called CTF.
  • counterair  - A mission that integrates offensive and defensive operations to attain and maintain a desired degree of air superiority and protection by neutralizing or destroying enemy aircraft and missiles, both before and after launch. See also air superiority; mission; offensive counterair.
  • counterdeception  — Efforts to negate, neutralize, diminish the effects of, or gain advantage from a

  202   foreign deception operation.Dictionary, JP 3‐13.4 )

  • counterdeception  - Efforts to negate, neutralize, diminish the effects of, or gain advantage from a foreign deception operation. Counterdeception does not include the intelligence function of identifying foreign deception operations.
  • counterdrug  — Those active measures taken to detect, monitor, and counter the production, trafficking, and use of illegal drugs. Also called CD.
  • counterdrug activities  — Those measures taken to detect, interdict, disrupt, or curtail any activity that is reasonably related to illicit drug trafficking.
  • counterdrug operational support  - Support to host nations and drug law enforcement agencies involving military personnel and their associated equipment, provided by the geographic combatant commanders from forces assigned to them or made available to them by the Services for this purpose. See also counterdrug operations.
  • counterdrug operations  - Civil or military actions taken to reduce or eliminate illicit drug trafficking. See also counterdrug; counterdrug operational support.
  • counterespionage  — That aspect of counterintelligence designed to detect, destroy, neutralize, exploit, or prevent espionage activities through identification, penetration, manipulation, deception, and repression of individuals, groups, or organizations conducting or suspected of conducting espionage activities.
  • counterfeit drug  - a drug which, or the container or labeling of which, without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark, imprint, or device, or any likeness thereof, of a drug manufacturer, processor, packer, or distributor other than the person or persons who in fact manufactured, processed, packed, or distributed such drug and which thereby falsely purports or is represented to be the product of, or to have been packed or distributed by, such other drug manufacturer, processor, packer, or distributor.
  • counterfire  — Fire intended to destroy or neutralize enemy weapons.
  • counterguerrilla operations  - Operations and activities conducted by armed forces, paramilitary forces, or nonmilitary agencies against guerrillas.
  • counter-improvised explosive device operations  — The organization, integration, and synchronization of capabilities that enable offensive, defensive, stability, and support operations across all phases of operations or campaigns in order to defeat improvised explosive devices as operational and strategic weapons of influence. Also called C-IED operations.
  • countering violent extremism  - approach to mitigating or preventing potential terrorist activity emphasizes the strength of local communities via engagement with a broad range of partners to gain a better understanding of the behaviors, tactics, and other indicators associated with terrorist activity.
  • countering weapons of mass destruction  - Efforts against actors of concern to curtail the conceptualization, development, possession, proliferation, use, and effects of weapons of mass destruction, related expertise, materials, technologies, and means of delivery. Also called CWMD.
  • counterinsurgency  - Comprehensive civilian and military efforts designed to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency and address its root causes. Also called COIN.

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  • counterinsurgency  – efforts to defeat organized movements that seek to overthrow the duly constituted Governments of Pakistan and Afghanistan through violent means.
  • counterintelligence  - information gathered and activities conducted to identify, deceive, exploit, disrupt, or protect against espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations, or persons, or their agents, or international terrorist organizations or activities excludes personnel, physical, document or communications security programs.
  • counterintelligence  - information gathered and activities conducted to identify, deceive, exploit, disrupt, or protect against espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations or persons, or their agents, or international terrorist organizations or activities.
  • counterintelligence  - Information gathered and activities conducted to identify, deceive, exploit, disrupt, or protect against espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations or persons or their agents, or international terrorist organizations or activities. Also called CI. See also counterespionage; security.
  • counterintelligence activities  — One or more of the five functions of counterintelligence: operations, investigations, collection, analysis and production, and functional services. See also analysis and production; collection; counterintelligence; operation.
  • counterintelligence investigations  - Formal investigative activities undertaken to determine whether a particular person is acting for or on behalf of, or an event is related to, a foreign power engaged in spying or committing espionage, sabotage, treason, sedition, subversion, assassinations, or international terrorist activities, and to determine actions required to neutralize such acts. See also counterintelligence.
  • counterintelligence operational tasking authority  - The levying of counterintelligence requirements specific to military activities and operations. Also called CIOTA. See also counterintelligence.
  • counterintelligence operational tasking authority  - The levying of counterintelligence requirements specific to military activities and operations. Also called CIOTA. See also counterintelligence.
  • counterintelligence operations  - Proactive activities designed to identify, exploit, neutralize, or deter foreign intelligence collection and terrorist activities directed against the United States. See also counterintelligence; operation.
  • counterintelligence production  - The creation of finished intelligence products incorporating counterintelligence analysis in response to known or anticipated customer counterintelligence concerns. See also counterintelligence.
  • counterintelligence production  — The creation of finished intelligence products incorporating counterintelligence analysis in response to known or anticipated customer counterintelligence concerns. See also counterintelligence.
  • counterintelligence referral  - referral of any information, regardless of its origin, which indicates that classified information is being, or may have been, disclosed in an unauthorized manner to a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power as required by Title 50.
  • counterintelligence support  - Conducting counterintelligence activities to protect against espionage and other foreign intelligence activities, sabotage, international terrorist activities, or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations, or persons. See also

  204   counterintelligence.

  • countermeasure  - action, measure, or device intended to reduce an identified risk, threat, or danger.
  • countermeasure  - Actions, devices, procedures, or techniques that reduce a known or suspected vulnerability.
  • countermeasure or product  - a security countermeasure, qualified countermeasure, or qualified pandemic or epidemic product.
  • countermeasures  - That form of military science that, by the employment of devices and/ or techniques, has as its objective the impairment of the operational effectiveness of enemy activity. See also electronic warfare.
  • countermobility operations  - The construction of obstacles and emplacement of minefields to delay, disrupt, and destroy the enemy by reinforcement of the terrain. See also minefield; operation; target acquisition.
  • counterproliferation  - Those actions taken to reduce the risks posed by extant weapons of mass destruction to the United States, allies, and partners. Also called CP. See also nonproliferation.
  • countersurveillance  - All measures, active or passive, taken to counteract hostile surveillance. See also surveillance.
  • counterterrorism  - Activities and operations taken to neutralize terrorists and their organizations and networks in order to render them incapable of using violence to instill fear and coerce governments or societies to achieve their goals. Also called CT. See also antiterrorism; combating terrorism; terrorism.
  • counterterrorism  - efforts to combat al Qaeda and other foreign terrorist organizations that are designated by the Secretary of State, or other individuals and entities engaged in terrorist activity or support for such activity.
  • counterterrorism  - practices, tactics, techniques, and strategies designed to prevent, deter, and respond to terrorism.
  • Counterterrorism Security Group  - An interagency body convened on a regular basis to develop terrorism prevention policy and to coordinate threat response and law enforcement investigations associated with terrorism. This group evaluates various policy issues of interagency importance regarding counterterrorism and makes recommendations to senior levels of the policymaking structure for decision. Also called CSG.
  • country  - a foreign country, dependent territory, or possession of a foreign country, and may include an association of 2 or more foreign countries, dependent territories, or possessions of countries into a customs union outside the United States.
  • country  - any foreign country or territory, including any overseas dependent territory or possession of a foreign country, or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. In the case of an association of countries which is a free trade area or customs union, or which is contributing to comprehensive regional economic integration among its members through appropriate means, including, but not limited to, the reduction of duties, the President may by Executive order or Presidential proclamation provide that all members of such association other than members which are barred from designation shall be treated as one country for purposes of this subchapter.

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  • country  - territory of a nation or state.
  • country of birth  - country in which an individual is born a person’s country of birth is the country where the place in which that person was born is located according to the geographical and political configuration of countries at the time of data collection by DHS; if there have been boundary changes affecting the country of birth of a person, then the country shall be recorded according to the configuration at the time of data collection.
  • country of chargeability  - country to which an immigrant in a numerically limited classification is charged by the U.S. Department of State for purposes of numerical control.
  • country of citizenship  - country in which a person is born or naturalized and to which the person owes allegiance and by which he or she is entitled to be protected.
  • country of employment  - The country where that employee was appointed, permanently assigned, or employed by the U.S. Government, whether in or outside the United States.
  • country of export  - the country (including any political subdivision of the country) from which softwood lumber or a softwood lumber product is exported before entering the United States.
  • country of former allegiance  - previous country of citizenship of a naturalized U.S. citizen.
  • country of last residence  - country in which an alien habitually resided prior to crossing the U.S. border and entering the United States the country in which an alien last resided for 1 year or more prior to crossing the U.S. border and entering the United States.
  • country of origin  - the country from which the largest share of the dollar value added to an engine or transmission has originated — (A) with the United States and Canada treated as separate countries; and (B) the estimate of the percentage of the dollar value shall be based on the purchase price of direct materials, as received at individual engine or transmission plants, of engines of the same displacement and transmissions of the same transmission type, plus the assembly and labor costs incurred for the final assembly of such engines and transmissions.

country of origin -is the country in which a child is resident and from which the child is emigrating in connection with his or her adoption.

  • country team  - The senior, in-country, United States coordinating and supervising body, headed by the chief of the United States diplomatic mission, and composed of the senior member of each represented United States department or agency, as desired by the chief of the United States diplomatic mission. Also called CT.
  • country where you live  - country in which an alien resides or intends to reside the country in which an alien is living or expects to live for at least one year.
  • coup de main  - An offensive operation that capitalizes on surprise and simultaneous execution of supporting operations to achieve success in one swift stroke.
  • courier  - A messenger (usually a commissioned or warrant officer) responsible for the secure physical transmission and delivery of documents and material.
  • courier  - See Nonprofessional courier, and Professional courier.

  206  

  • course of action  - 1. Any sequence of activities that an individual or unit may follow. 2. A scheme developed to accomplish a mission. 3. A product of the course-of-action development step of the joint operation planning process. Also called COA.
  • course of conduct  - a pattern of conduct composed of 2 or more acts, evidencing a continuity of purpose.
  • course schedule  - a listing of the courses or classes offered by an institution of higher education for an academic period, as defined by the institution.
  • court  - a court of a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin Islands, and any Indian court.
  • court  - a court or an administrative agency of the United States or of any State (including any political subdivision of a State), whether or not a court or administrative agency of record.
  • court  - any court created by the Congress of the United States, excluding the United States Tax Court.
  • court of the United States  - any court of the United States whose jurisdiction has been or may be conferred or defined or limited by Act of Congress, including the courts of the District of Columbia.
  • court of the United States  - any of the following courts: the Supreme Court of the United States, a United States court of appeals, a United States district court, United States Code, a United States bankruptcy court, United States Code, the District of Columbia Court of Appeals, the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, the District Court of Guam, the District Court of the Virgin Islands, the United States Court of Federal Claims, the Tax Court of the United States, the Court of International Trade, and the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.
  • court of the United States  - the Supreme Court of the United States, courts of appeals, district courts constituted by chapter 5 of this title, including the Court of International Trade and any court created by Act of Congress the judges of which are entitled to hold office during good behavior.

court order- (A) a court decree of divorce, annulment, or legal separation; or
(B) a court order or court- approved property settlement agreement incident to such court decree of divorce, annulment, or legal separation.

  • court order  - any court decree of divorce, annulment or legal separation, or any court order or court- approved property settlement agreement incident to such court decree of divorce, annulment, or legal separation.
  • court ordered environmental impact statement  - any environmental statements which are required to be prepared by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to the final judgment or subsequent modification thereof as set forth on June 18, 1975, in the matter of Natural Resources Defense Council against Andrus.
  • courts  - the courts of appeals and district courts of the United States, the United States District Court for the District of the Canal Zone, the District Court of Guam, the District Court of the Virgin Islands, the United States Court of Federal Claims, and the Court of International Trade.
  • co-utilization agreement  - document that defines areas of authorities and responsibilities when two or more activities share the same special access program facility/ sensitive compartmented information facility.
  • cover  - In intelligence usage, the concealment of true identity or organizational affiliation with assertion of false information as part of, or in support of, official duties to carry out authorized activities and

  207 lawful operations. JP 2‐01.2 )

  • cover  - In intelligence usage, the concealment of true identity or organizational affiliation with assertion of false information as part of, or in support of, official duties to carry out authorized activities and lawful operations.
  • covered activity  - any suspicious transaction, activity, or occurrence that involves, or is directed against, a passenger transportation system or vehicle or its passengers indicating that an individual may be engaging, or preparing to engage, in a violation of law relating to — (A) a threat to a passenger transportation system or passenger safety or security; or (B) an act of terrorism.
  • covered agency  - an executive department or independent establishment, in title 5, United States Code, that contains or constitutes an Intelligence Community Element.
  • covered air transportation  - scheduled or public charter passenger air transportation provided by an air carrier that operates an aircraft that as originally designed has a passenger capacity of 30 or more seats.
  • covered allied persons  - military personnel, elected or appointed officials, and other persons employed by or working on behalf of the government of a NATO member country, a major non-NATO ally (including Australia, Egypt, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Argentina, the Republic of Korea, and New Zealand), or Taiwan, for so long as that government is not a party to the International Criminal Court and wishes its officials and other persons working on its behalf to be exempted from the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court.
  • covered chemical facility  - a facility that — (A) the Secretary — (i) identifies as a chemical facility of interest; and (ii) based upon review of the facility's Top-Screen, determines meets the risk criteria developed; and (B) is not an excluded facility.
  • covered civil action  - a civil action filed in a Federal or State court that — (A) alleges that an electronic communication service provider furnished assistance to an element of the intelligence community; and
(B) seeks monetary or other relief from the electronic communication service provider related to the provision of such assistance.
  • covered civil action  - a civil action filed in a Federal or State court that — (A) alleges that an electronic communication service provider furnished assistance to an element of the intelligence community; and
(B) seeks monetary or other relief from the electronic communication service provider related to the provision of such assistance.
  • covered communication  - any nonpublic telephone or electronic communication acquired without the consent of a person who is a party to the communication, including communications in electronic storage.
  • covered communication  - any nonpublic telephone or electronic communication acquired without the consent of a person who is a party to the communication, including communications in electronic storage.
  • covered countermeasure  - a covered countermeasure as specified in a Declaration made.
  • covered countermeasure or covered countermeasure against smallpox  - a substance that is — (i)(I )

  208   used to prevent or treat smallpox (including the vaccinia or another vaccine); or (II) used to control or treat the adverse effects of vaccinia inoculation or of administration of another covered countermeasure; and (ii) specified in a declaration. US Code 42, §233 )

  • covered employment or self-employment  - Employment or self-employment that is subject to the payment of U.S. Social Security taxes. (Voluntary contributions cannot be made to the U.S. Social Security program. )
  • covered entity  - 
(A) the Immigration and Naturalization Service;
(B) the Bureau of Border Security of the Department of Homeland Security; and
(C) the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration.
  • covered Federal agency  - the Department of Homeland Security.
  • covered functions  - functions of the Office of Pesticide Programs of the Environmental Protection Agency, as identified in key programs and projects of the final operating plan for the Environmental Protection Agency submitted as part of the budget process for fiscal year 2002, regardless of any subsequent transfer of 1 or more of the functions to another office or agency or the subsequent transfer of a new function to the Office of Pesticide Programs.
  • covered greenhouse gas  - carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane gas.
  • covered individual  - an employee of a public transportation agency or a contractor or subcontractor of a public transportation agency.
  • covered individual  - an employee of a railroad carrier or a contractor or subcontractor of a railroad carrier.
  • covered individual  - any member of the Coast Guard who has been determined by a Physical Evaluation Board, pursuant to a physical evaluation by that board, to be fit for duty.
  • covered merchandise  - merchandise that is subject to — (A) a countervailing duty order issued of the Tariff Act of 1930; or (B) an antidumping duty order of the Tariff Act of 1930.
  • covered property  - aircraft, airports, airport facilities, vessels, harbors, ports, piers, water-front facilities, bases, forts, posts, laboratories, stations, vehicles, equipment, explosives, or other property or places.
  • covered property  - aircraft, airports, airport facilities, vessels, harbors, ports, piers, water-front facilities, bases, forts, posts, laboratories, stations, vehicles, equipment, explosives, or other property or places.
  • covered service member  - a member of the Armed Forces (including a member of the National Guard or Reserves).
  • covered ship  - a ship that is navigating or is scheduled to navigate into, through or from waters beyond the outer limit of the territorial sea of a single country or a lateral limit of that country's territorial sea with an adjacent country.
  • covered transaction  - any merger, acquisition, or takeover that is proposed or pending after August 23, 1988, by or with any foreign person which could result in foreign control of any person engaged in interstate commerce in the United States.

  209

  • covered transaction  - any merger, acquisition, or takeover that is proposed or pending after August 23, 1988, by or with any foreign person which could result in foreign control of any person engaged in interstate commerce in the United States.
  • covered United States persons  - members of the Armed Forces of the United States, elected or appointed officials of the United States Government, and other persons employed by or working on behalf of the United States Government, for so long as the United States is not a party to the International Criminal Court.
  • covering fire  - 1. Fire used to protect troops when they are within range of enemy small arms. 2. In amphibious usage, fire delivered prior to the landing to cover preparatory operations such as underwater demolition or mine counter measures.
  • covering force  - 1. A force operating apart from the main force for the purpose of intercepting, engaging, delaying, disorganizing, and deceiving the enemy before the enemy can attack the force covered. 2. Anybody or detachment of troops which provides security for a larger force by observation, reconnaissance, attack, or defense, or by any combination of these methods.
  • covert action  - an activity or activities of the United States Government to influence political, economic, or military conditions abroad, where it is intended that the role of the United States Government will not be apparent or acknowledged publicly, but does not include: (1) Activities the primary purpose of which is to acquire intelligence, traditional counterintelligence activities, traditional activities to improve or maintain the operational security of United States Government programs, or administrative activities; (2) Traditional diplomatic or military activities or routine support to such activities; (3) Traditional law enforcement activities conducted by United States Government law enforcement agencies or routine support to such activities; or (4) Activities to provide routine support to the overt activities of other United States Government agencies abroad.
  • covert action  - an activity or activities of the United States Government to influence political, economic, or military conditions abroad, where it is intended that the role of the United States Government will not be apparent or acknowledged publicly, but does not include: (1) Activities the primary purpose of which is to acquire intelligence, traditional counterintelligence activities, traditional activities to improve or maintain the operational security of United States Government programs, or administrative activities; (2) Traditional diplomatic or military activities or routine support to such activities; (3) Traditional law enforcement activities conducted by United States Government law enforcement agencies or routine support to such activities; or (4) Activities to provide routine support to the overt activities of other United States Government agencies abroad.
  • covert operation  - An operation that is so planned and executed as to conceal the identity of or permit plausible denial by the sponsor. See also clandestine operation; overt operation.
  • covert sensor  - detecting device that are hidden from view. (e.g. buried sensors).
  • crash avoidance  - preventing or mitigating a crash.
  • crashworthiness  - the protection a passenger motor vehicle gives its passengers against personal injury or death from a motor vehicle accident.
  • crate  - A nonconveyable item in a hard container, usually triwall cardboard or wood. Most countries require that a crate be covered in burlap in order to be considered a diplomatic pouch.
  • credentialed and credentialing  - having provided, or providing, respectively, documentation that identifies personnel and authenticates and verifies the qualifications of such personnel by ensuring

  210   that such personnel possess a minimum common level of training, experience, physical and medical fitness, and capability appropriate for a particular position in accordance with standards created.

  • credentialing  - process of establishing the qualifications of licensed professionals, organizational members or organizations, and assessing their background and legitimacy includes the primary verification of professionals’ or para-professionals’ education, licenses, or certifications/   registrations; excludes the issuing of licenses, certifications, or registrations to professionals and para-professionals.
  • credible fear of persecution  - that there is a significant possibility, taking into account the credibility of the statements made by the alien in support of the alien's claim and such other facts as are known to the officer, that the alien could establish eligibility for asylum.

credible information- (A) (i) a public announcement by the person that the person has engaged in an activity; and (ii) information set forth in a report to stockholders of the person indicating that the person has engaged in such an activity; and (B) may include, in the discretion of the President—
(i) an announcement by the Government of Iran that the person has engaged in such an activity; or
(ii) information indicating that the person has engaged in such an activity that is set forth in—
(I) a report of the Government Accountability Office, the Energy Information Administration, or the Congressional Research Service; or
(II) a report or publication of a similarly reputable governmental organization or trade or industry organization. credit- (1) outstanding loans to private and public entities, including government entities, instrumentalities, and central banks of any member, and (2) unused lines of credit which have been made available to those private and public entities of any member.

  • credit authority  - authority to incur direct loan obligations or to incur primary loan guarantee commitments.
  • credit hours  - Those hours within a flexible work schedule that an employee elects to work in excess of his or her basic work requirement so as to vary the length of a workweek or workday. Credit hours are not the same as overtime hours of work or compensatory time off. Credit hours may only be worked by employees on a flexible work schedule and require supervisor approval.
  • credit program account  - the budget account into which an appropriation to cover the cost of a direct loan or loan guarantee program is made and from which such cost is disbursed to the financing account.
  • creditable service abroad  - For the purpose of establishing eligibility for travel at U.S. Government expense, creditable service abroad is continuous service as a Federal employee with any agency of the Federal Government, including service in the U.S. Armed Forces at a post of duty outside the United States and outside the employees place of residence if the employees residence is a U.S. Commonwealth or possession. Service in Puerto Rico by an employee whose official place of residence or home leave address is Puerto Rico will not count as creditable service abroad and the employee will not be authorized home leave.
  • creditor  - a person who has a claim.
  • cremation certificate  - A certificate issued by a crematorium to verify a person’s cremation. It normally contains the name of the deceased, date of death, and date of cremation.
  • crew  - any employee of a licensee or transferee, or of a contractor or subcontractor of a licensee or transferee, who performs activities in the course of that employment directly relating to the launch,

  211 reentry, or other operation of or in a launch vehicle or reentry vehicle that carries human beings.

  • crew of a vessel  - every person engaged or employed in any capacity in the business of a vessel who has not contributed consideration for carriage and who is paid for on board services. Passengers are not crew. Laborers or other persons hired locally for work aboard ship while the vessel is in port are not crew.
  • crewman  - a person serving in any capacity on board a vessel or aircraft.
  • crime of violence  - 
 would constitute a felony against property if the conduct presents a serious risk of physical injury to another, and that would come within the meaning of State or Federal offenses, whether or not those acts have actually resulted in criminal charges, prosecution, or conviction and whether or not those acts were committed in the special maritime, territorial, or prison jurisdiction of the United States; and (B) includes an act or series of acts that would constitute a felony described in subparagraph (A) but for the relationship between the person who takes such action and the individual against whom such action is taken.
  • crime of violence motivated by gender  - a crime of violence committed because of gender or on the basis of gender, and due, at least in part, to an animus based on the victim's gender.
  • criminal history record check  - a national background check of criminal history records of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  • criminal history records check  - review of any and all records containing any information collected and stored in the criminal record repository of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the state Department of Public Safety, or any other repository of criminal history records, involving a pending arrest or conviction by a criminal justice agency including, but not limited to, child abuse crime information, conviction record information, fingerprint cards, correctional induction and release information, identifiable descriptions and notations of convictions; provided, however, dissemination of such information is not forbidden by order of any court of competent jurisdiction or by federal law.
  • criminal improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident primarily intended to harass, disrupt, or extort as part of criminal activity.
  • criminal offender  - any individual who is charged with or convicted of any criminal offense, including a youth offender or a juvenile offender.
  • criminal offender  - any individual who is charged with or convicted of any criminal offense.
  • crisis  - An incident or situation involving a threat to the United States, its citizens, military forces, or vital interests that develops rapidly and creates a condition of such diplomatic, economic, or military importance that commitment of military forces and resources is contemplated to achieve national objectives.
  • crisis action planning  - The Adaptive Planning and Execution system process involving the time- sensitive development of joint operation plans and operation orders for the deployment, employment, and sustainment of assigned and allocated forces and resources in response to an imminent crisis. Also called CAP. See also joint operation planning; Joint Operation Planning and Execution System.
  • crisis management  - Measures, normally executed under federal law, to identify, acquire, and plan the use of resources needed to anticipate, prevent, and/ or resolve a threat or an act of terrorism. Also

  212   called CrM. JP 3‐28 )

  • critic  - A handling symbol and precedence for specially formatted telegrams conveying national security information that must be routed to NSA and then delivered to the highest levels of the U.S. Government as fast as possible.
  • critical action floodplain  - area subject to inundation from a flood of a magnitude that occurs once every 500 years on the average a flood having a 0.2-percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year.
  • critical asset  - A specific entity that is of such extraordinary importance that its incapacitation or destruction would have a very serious, debilitating effect on the ability of a nation to continue to function effectively.
  • critical asset  - specific entity that is of such extraordinary importance that its incapacitation or destruction would have a very serious, debilitating effect on the ability of a nation to continue to function effectively.
  • critical asset list  - A prioritized list of assets or areas, normally identified by phase of the operation and approved by the joint force commander, that should be defended against air and missile threats. Also called CAL.
  • critical capability  - A means that is considered a crucial enabler for a center of gravity to function as such and is essential to the accomplishment of the specified or assumed objective(s).
  • critical component  - such components, subsystems, systems, and related special tooling and test equipment essential to the production, repair, maintenance, or operation of weapon systems or other items of equipment identified by the President as being essential to the execution of the national security strategy of the United States. Components identified as critical by a National Security Assessment shall be designated as critical components for purposes of this chapter, unless the President determines that the designation is unwarranted.
  • critical component  - such components, subsystems, systems, and related special tooling and test equipment essential to the production, repair, maintenance, or operation of weapon systems or other items of equipment identified by the President as being essential to the execution of the national security strategy of the United States. Components identified as critical by a National Security Assessment or by a Presidential determination as a result of a petition filed shall be designated as critical components for purposes of this chapter, unless the President determines that the designation is unwarranted.
  • critical control point  - a point, step, or procedure in a food process at which control can be applied and is essential to prevent or eliminate a food safety hazard or reduce such hazard to an acceptable level.
  • critical cost growth threshold  - a percentage increase in the total acquisition cost for a major system of at least 25 percent over the total acquisition cost for the major system as shown in the current Baseline Estimate for the major system.
  • critical cost growth threshold  - the following:(A) In the case of a major defense acquisition program or designated major defense subprogram, a percentage increase in the program acquisition unit cost for the program or subprogram of — (i) at least 25 percent over the program acquisition unit cost for the program or subprogram as shown in the current Baseline Estimate for the program or subprogram; or (ii) at least 50 percent over the program acquisition unit cost for the program or subprogram as shown in the original Baseline Estimate for the program or subprogram. (B) In the case of a major defense acquisition program or designated major defense subprogram that is a procurement program, a percentage increase in the procurement unit cost for the program or subprogram of — (i )

  213 at least 25 percent over the procurement unit cost for the program or subprogram as shown in the current Baseline Estimate for the program or subprogram; or (ii) at least 50 percent over the procurement unit cost for the program or subprogram as shown in the original Baseline Estimate for the program or subprogram.

  • critical electric infrastructure  - a system or asset of the bulk-power system, whether physical or virtual, the incapacity or destruction of which would negatively affect national security, economic security, public health or safety, or any combination of such matters.
  • critical electric infrastructure information  - information related to critical electric infrastructure, or proposed critical electrical infrastructure, generated by or provided to the Commission or other Federal agency, other than classified national security information, that is designated as critical electric infrastructure information by the Commission or the Secretary. Such term includes information that qualifies as critical energy infrastructure information under the Commission's regulations.
  • critical element  - 1. An element of an entity or object that enables it to perform its primary function. 2. An element of a target, which if effectively engaged, will serve to support the achievement of an operational objective and/ or mission task. Also called CE.
  • critical employee performance element  - key component of the employee's work that contribute to organizational mission, goals and results, and are so important that unsatisfactory performance of any one of the elements would make the employee’s overall job performance unsatisfactory includes core elements: Leading Change, Leading People, Business Acumen, Building Coalitions, and Results Driven; and Technical Excellence.
  • critical event  - An event or development that we can knowingly predict OR that emerges unexpectedly that is of political, social/ cultural significance. It often presents a "window of opportunity" - a strategic opening in a political transition. It can make or break the momentum or direction of the political transition.
  • critical information  - Specific facts about friendly intentions, capabilities, and activities needed by adversaries for them to plan and act effectively so as to guarantee failure or unacceptable consequences for friendly mission accomplishment.
  • critical infrastructure  - any systems and assets, whether physical or cyber-based, so vital to the United States that the degradation or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on national security, including, but not limited to, national economic security and national public health or safety.
  • critical infrastructure  - systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital that the incapacity or destruction of such may have a debilitating impact on the security, economy, public health or safety, environment, or any combination of those matters, across any federal, state, regional, territorial, or local jurisdiction as established in the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP), includes the sectors of agriculture and food; drinking water and wastewater treatment systems; dams; public health and healthcare; emergency services; government and commercial facilities; defense industrial base; national monuments and icons; information technology; telecommunications; energy; nuclear reactors, materials and waste; transportation systems; banking and finance; chemical industry; postal and shipping.
  • critical infrastructure  - systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination of those matters. Resilience, Terms )
  • critical infrastructure  - systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health safety, or any combination of those matters.
  • critical infrastructure  - Systems, assets, and networks, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination of those matters.
  • critical Infrastructure and Key Resources  - CIKR includes the people, information, facilities, equipment, operations, and activities that support the Departments PMEFs. Also called CIKR.
  • critical infrastructure and key resources  - The infrastructure and assets vital to a nation’s security, governance, public health and safety, economy, and public confidence. Also called CI/ KR.
  • critical infrastructure protection  - Actions taken to prevent, remediate, or mitigate the risks resulting from vulnerabilities of critical infrastructure assets. Also called CIP. See also defense critical infrastructure.
  • Critical Infrastructure Protection  - An effort, emanating from HSPD-7 - Critical Infrastructure Identification, Prioritization, and Protections and the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP), to ensure the security of vulnerable and interconnected infrastructures of the United States (i.e., CIKR). This effort recognizes certain parts of the national infrastructure as critical to the national and economic security of the United States and the well-being of its citizenry, and the steps required to protect it. Also called CIP.
  • Critical Infrastructure Protection Plan  - The plan identifies and outlines protection measures for CIKR that are vital to the Departments PMEFs and to national security. Also called CIP plan.
  • critical infrastructure protection program  - any component or bureau of a covered Federal agency that has been designated by the President or any agency head to receive critical infrastructure information.
  • critical infrastructure sectors  - the following sectors, in both urban and rural areas: (A) Agriculture and food.
(B) Banking and finance.
(C) Chemical industries.
(D) Commercial facilities.
(E) Commercial nuclear reactors, materials, and waste. (F) Dams. (G) The defense industrial base. (H) Emergency services.
(I) Energy.
(J) Government facilities. (K) Information technology.
(L) National monuments and icons. (M) Postal and shipping. (N) Public health and health care. (O) Telecommunications.
(P) Transportation systems.
(Q) Water.
  • critical intelligence  - A handling symbol and precedence for specially formatted cables conveying national security information that must be routed to NSA and then delivered to the highest levels of the U.S. Government as fast as possible. Also called CRITIC.
  • critical intelligence  - Intelligence that is crucial and requires the immediate attention of the commander.
  • critical item list  - A prioritized list identifying supply items and weapon systems that assist Service and Defense Logistics Agency selection of supply items and systems for production surge planning, or in operational situations, used by the combatant commander and/ or subordinate joint force commander to cross-level critical supply items between Service components. Also called CIL.
  • critical joint duty assignment billet  - A joint duty assignment position for which, considering the duties and responsibilities of the position, it is highly important that the assigned officer be particularly trained in, and oriented toward, joint matters.
  • critical occupational specialty  - a military occupational specialty involving combat operations within the combat arms, in the case of the Army, or the equivalent arms, in the case of the Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps, that the Secretary of Defense designates as critical.
  • critical operational issue  - operational effectiveness and operational suitability issues (not characteristics, parameters, or thresholds) that must be examined in operational test and evaluation (OT&E) to evaluate/ assess the system’s capability to provide the desired capability.
  • critical planning assumption  - a supposition or perception about the conditions within the country, behavior of other regional and international actors, resources or causality that, should it prove false, would dramatically change the overall strategy or impede progress towards the desired outcome.
  • critical program information  - elements or components of a special access program that, if compromised, could cause significant degradation in mission effectiveness, shorten the expected combat-effective life of the system, reduce technological advantage, significantly alter program direction, or enable an adversary to defeat, counter, copy, or reverse-engineer the technology or capability.
  • critical requirement  - An essential condition, resource, and means for a critical capability to be fully operational.
  • critical sector  - one of the 16 critical sectors which are a logical collection of assets, systems, or networks that provide a common function to the economy, government, or society includes systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination of those matters.
  • critical sensitive position  - functioning position that has the potential for exceptionally grave damage to the national security includes access up to, and including, top secret national security information or materials; or other positions related to national security, regardless of duties, that require the same degree of trust.
  • critical services  - power, water (including water provided by an irrigation organization or facility), sewer, wastewater treatment, communications (including broadcast and telecommunications), education, and emergency medical care.
  • critical technical parameter  - measurable critical system characteristics that, when achieved, allow the attainment of desired operational performance capabilities.
  • critical technologies  - critical technology, critical components, or critical technology items essential to national defense, subject to regulations issued at the direction of the President.
  • critical technology item  - materials directly employing, derived from, or utilizing a critical technology.
  • critical vulnerability  - An aspect of a critical requirement which is deficient or vulnerable to direct or indirect attack that will create decisive or significant effects.
  • critical water supply needs  - existing or reasonably anticipated future water supply needs that cannot be met by existing water supplies, as identified in a comprehensive statewide or regional water supply plan or assessment projected over a planning period of at least 20 years.
  • criticality  - importance to a mission or function, or continuity of operations.
  • criticality assessment  - An assessment that identifies key assets and infrastructure that support Department of Defense missions, units, or activities and are deemed mission critical by military commanders or civilian agency managers. Also called CA.
  • criticality assessment  - product or process of systematically identifying, evaluating, and prioritizing based on the importance of an impact to mission(s) or function(s), or continuity of operations.
  • cross functional team  - team established within the DHS requirements definition process that is typically comprised of subject matter experts from the four groups within S&T and, following the development of an Operational Needs Statement, focus on solutions to those needs.
  • crossing  - a location within a State, other than a location where one or more railroad tracks cross one or more railroad tracks either at grade or grade-separated, where — (A) a public highway, road, or street, or a private roadway, including associated sidewalks and pathways, crosses one or more railroad tracks either at grade or grade-separated; or (B) a pathway explicitly authorized by a public authority or a railroad carrier that is dedicated for the use of non-vehicular traffic, including pedestrians, bicyclists, and others, that is not associated with a public highway, road, or street, or a private roadway, crosses one or more railroad tracks either at grade or grade-separated.

cross-leveling —At the theater strategic and operational levels, it is the process of diverting en route or in-theater materiel from one military element to meet the higher priority of another within the combatant commander’s directive authority for logistics.

  • cross-loading  - The distribution of leaders, key weapons, personnel, and key equipment among the aircraft, vessels, or vehicles of a formation to aid rapid assembly of units at the drop zone or landing zone or preclude the total loss of command and control or unit effectiveness if an aircraft, vessel, or vehicle is lost.
  • cross-servicing  - A subset of common-user logistics in which a function is performed by one Military Service in support of another Service and for which reimbursement is required from the Service receiving support. See also acquisition and cross-servicing agreement; common-user logistics.
  • cross-training  - training provided to prepare individuals to work in different areas or functions.
  • crude oil  - a liquid hydrocarbon mixture occurring naturally in the earth, whether or not treated to render it suitable for transportation, and includes crude oil from which certain distillate fractions may have been removed, and crude oil to which certain distillate fractions may have been added.
  • crude oil tanker  - a tanker engaged in the trade of carrying crude oil.
  • cruise missile  - Guided missile, the major portion of whose flight path to its target is conducted at approximately constant velocity; depends on the dynamic reaction of air for lift and upon propulsion forces to balance drag.
  • cruise missile  - guided missiles that use aerodynamic lift to offset gravity and propulsion to counteract drag. Code 50, §1701. )
  • crush wire switch  - switch where contact point(s) spanning a length of wire that function the IED when crushed.
  • Crypto Ignition Key  - The device or electronic key used to unlock the secure mode of crypto equipment. Also called CIK.
  • cryptographic access  - The prerequisite to, and authorization for access to crypto information, but does not constitute authorization for use of crypto equipment and keying material issued by the Department.
  • cryptographic access for use  - The prerequisite to and authorization for operation, keying, and maintenance of cryptographic systems and equipment issued by the Department.
  • cryptographic material  - All COMSEC material bearing the marking CRYPTO or otherwise designated as incorporating cryptographic information.
  • cryptography  - The principles, means, and methods for rendering information unintelligible, and for restoring encrypted information to intelligible form.
  • culminating point  - The point at which a force no longer has the capability to continue its form of operations, offense or defense.
  • cultural activities  - film, dramatic, dance, and musical presentations, and fine art exhibits, whether or not those activities are intended to make a profit.
  • cultural affiliation  - that there is a relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced historically or prehistorically between a present day Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization and an identifiable earlier group.
  • cultural and demographic statistics  - the characteristics of people, the nature of the structures in which they live and work, the economic and other activities they pursue, the facilities they use to support their health, recreational and other needs, the environmental consequences of their presence, and the boundaries, names and numeric codes of geographic entities used to report the information collected.
  • cultural items  - human remains and associated funerary objects - objects that, as a part of the death rite or ceremony of a culture, are reasonably believed to have been placed with individual human remains either at the time of death or later, and both the human remains and associated funerary objects are presently in the possession or control of a Federal agency or museum, except that other items exclusively made for burial purposes or to contain human remains shall be considered as associated funerary objects.
  • cultural patrimony  - an object having ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual Native American, and which, therefore, cannot be alienated, appropriated, or conveyed by any individual regardless of whether or not the individual is a member of the Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization and such object shall have been considered inalienable by such Native American group at the time the object was separated from such group.
  • cultural resources  - historic places such as districts, sites, buildings, and structures of significance in history, architecture, engineering, or culture. Cultural resources also encompass prehistoric features as well as historic landscapes.

  218  

  • culture  - amalgamation of the values and beliefs of the people in an organization.
  • cupboard stocks  - Expendable supplies located in office supply cabinets, bins, drawers, and/ or shelves
  • cure notice  - A document the contracting officer sends to a contractor to notify the contractor that the contract may be terminated by reason of default if the condition endangering performance of the contract is not corrected in 10 days.
  • current baseline estimate  - the projected total acquisition cost of a major system that is — (i) approved by the Director, or a designee of the Director, at Milestone B or an equivalent acquisition decision for the development, procurement, and construction of such system; (ii) approved by the Director; or (iii) the 2010 adjusted total acquisition cost. (B) A current Baseline Estimate may be in the form of an independent cost estimate.
  • current class  - The pay class an employee occupies at the time a general notice of a RIF is issued.
  • current Designated depositary Check  - A check unpaid and outstanding against the designated depositary checking account for any time less than one full fiscal year after the fiscal year in which the check was issued.
  • current force  - The actual force structure and/ or manning available to meet present contingencies. See also force.
  • current investigation file  - with respect to a security clearance, a file on an investigation or adjudication that has been conducted during — (A) the 5-year period beginning on the date the security clearance was granted, in the case of a Top Secret Clearance, or the date access was granted to a highly sensitive program; (B) the 10-year period beginning on the date the security clearance was granted in the case of a Secret Clearance; and (C) the 15-year period beginning on the date the security clearance was granted in the case of a Confidential Clearance.
  • current slaughter week  - the period beginning Monday, and ending Sunday, of the week in which a reporting day occurs.
  • curtailment  - shortening an employee’s tour of duty from his or her assignment. It may include the employee’s immediate departure from a bureau or post. Curtailment is an assignment action, not a disciplinary one.
  • custodial care  - treatment or services, regardless of who recommends such treatment or services or where such treatment or services are provided, that — (A) can be rendered safely and reasonably by a person who is not medically skilled; or (B) is or are designed mainly to help the patient with the activities of daily living.
  • custodian  - An individual who has possession of or is otherwise charged with the responsibility for safeguarding and accounting for classified information.
  • custody  - 1. The responsibility for the control of, transfer and movement of, access to, and maintenance of accountability for weapons and components. 2. Temporary restraint of a person. 3. The detention of a person by lawful authority or process.
  • custody  - the judicial or penal guarding or safekeeping of a person in accordance with law or local requirement. Custody may include imprisonment or detention of a person in order to prevent escape,

  219 house arrest, etc. FAM 414 )

  • custody for purposes of emigration and adoption  - a. custody for purposes of emigration and adoption exists when the competent authority of the country of origin has by judicial or administrative act (which may be either the act granting custody of the child or a separate judicial or administrative act), expressly authorized the petitioner, or an individual or entity acting on the petitioners behalf, to take the child out of the country of the child’s habitual residence and to bring the child to the United States for adoption in the United States. If the custody order was given to an individual or entity acting on the petitioner’s behalf, the custody order must indicate that the child is to be adopted in the United States by the petitioner. b. A foreign judicial or administrative act that is called an adoption but that does not terminate the legal parent-child relationship between the former parent(s) and the adopted child and create a permanent legal parent-child relationship between the petitioner and the adopted child is considered a grant of legal custody if the act expressly authorizes the custodian to take the child out of the country of the child’s habitual residence and to bring the child to the United States for adoption in the United States by the petitioner. See definitions of legal custody (adopted child classification) and legal custodian.
  • custom radio controlled  - purpose built radio controlled circuit board.

custom textbook- (A) a college textbook that is compiled by a publisher at the direction of a faculty member or other person or adopting entity in charge of selecting course materials at an institution of higher education; and (B) may include, alone or in combination, items such as selections from original instructor materials, previously copyrighted publisher materials, copyrighted third-party works, and elements unique to a specific institution, such as commemorative editions.

  • customer  - person, organization, or enterprise that commissions the engineering of a product or system; is a prospective purchaser of the end products of a product or system, or portions thereof; or is an acquirer of a product or system.
  • customer direct  - A materiel acquisition and distribution method that requires vendor delivery directly to the customer. Also called CD.
  • customer results measurement Area  - The part of the PRM that captures how well an enterprise-wide or specific process within the Department is serving its customers, and ultimately citizens.
  • customer wait time  - The total elapsed time between issuance of a customer order and satisfaction of that order. Also called CWT.
  • customer(s)  - any entity or entities purchasing firm capacity with or without energy, from the Western Area Power Administration under a long-term firm power service contract. Such terms include parent-type entities and their distribution or user members.
  • customized employment  - competitive integrated employment, for an individual with a significant disability, that is based on an individualized determination of the strengths, needs, and interests of the individual with a significant disability, is designed to meet the specific abilities of the individual with a significant disability and the business needs of the employer, and is carried out through flexible strategies, such as — (A) job exploration by the individual;
(B) working with an employer to facilitate placement, including — (i) customizing a job description based on current employer needs or on previously unidentified and unmet employer needs; (ii) developing a set of job duties, a work schedule and job arrangement, and specifics of supervision (including performance evaluation and review), and determining a job location; (iii) representation by a professional chosen by the individual, or self-representation of the individual, in working with an employer to facilitate placement; and (iv) providing services and supports at the job location.

  220  

  • customized training  - training that is—(1) designed to meet the special requirements of an employer or group of employers; (2) conducted with a commitment by the employer or group of employers to employ an individual upon successful completion of the training; and(3) for which the employer pays for a significant portion (but in no case less than 50 percent) of the cost of such training, as determined by the Secretary.
  • customs broker  - any person granted a customs broker's license by the Secretary of the Treasury.
  • customs business  - those activities involving transactions with U.S. Customs and Border Protection concerning the entry and admissibility of merchandise, its classification and valuation, the payment of duties, taxes, or other charges assessed or collected by U.S. Customs and Border Protection upon merchandise by reason of its importation, or the refund, rebate, or drawback thereof. It also includes the preparation of documents or forms in any format and the electronic transmission of documents, invoices, bills, or parts thereof, intended to be filed with U.S. Customs and Border Protection in furtherance of such activities, whether or not signed or filed by the preparer, or activities relating to such preparation, but does not include the mere electronic transmission of data received for transmission to Customs.
  • customs laws of the United States  - any law or regulation enforced or administered by U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
  • customs laws of the United States  - any other law or regulation enforced or administered by the United States Customs Service.
  • customs officer  - an individual performing those functions specified by regulation by the Secretary of the Treasury for a customs inspector or canine enforcement officer. Such functions shall be consistent with such applicable standards as may be promulgated by the Office of Personnel Management.
  • customs revenue function  - the following:
(1) Assessing and collecting customs duties (including antidumping and countervailing duties and duties imposed under safeguard provisions), excise taxes, fees, and penalties due on imported merchandise, including classifying and valuing merchandise for purposes of such assessment.
  • customs territory of the United States  - see general note 2 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States.
  • Customs Valuation Code  - the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, including its interpretative notes.
  • customs waters  - in the case of a foreign vessel subject to a treaty or other arrangement between a foreign government and the United States enabling or permitting the authorities of the United States to board, examine, search, seize, or otherwise to enforce upon such vessel upon the high seas the laws of the United States, the waters within such distance of the coast of the United States as the said authorities are or may be so enabled or permitted by such treaty or arrangement and, in the case of every other vessel, the waters within four leagues of the coast of the United States.
  • cyber incident  - actions taken through the use of computer networks that result in an actual or potentially adverse effect on an information system or the information residing therein.
  • cyber incident  - An event occurring on or conducted through a computer network that actually or imminently jeopardizes the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of computers, information or communications systems or networks, physical or virtual infrastructure controlled by computers or information systems, or information resident thereon. For purposes of this directive, a cyber incident

  221 may include a vulnerability in an information system, system security procedures, internal controls, or implementation that could be exploited by a threat source. Coordination, Terms )

  • cyber incident  - incident occurring on or conducted through a computer network that actually or imminently jeopardizes the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of computers, information or communications systems or networks, physical or virtual infrastructure controlled by computers or information systems, or information resident thereon.
  • Cyber Incident Response Team (DS/ CIRT)  - The central point in the Department of State for reporting computer security incidents including cyber privacy incidents.
  • cyber infrastructure  - Includes electronic information and communications systems and services and the information contained in these systems and services. Information and communications systems and services are composed of all hardware and software that process, store, and communicate information, or any combination of all of these elements. Processing includes the creation, access, modification, and destruction of information. Storage includes paper, magnetic, electronic, and all other media types. Communications include sharing and distribution of information. For example - computer systems; control systems (e.g., supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA); networks, such as the Internet; and cyber services (e.g., managed security services) are part of cyber infrastructure.
  • cyber PII incident (electronic)  - The breach of PII in an electronic or digital format at the point of loss
  • cyber security  - Information operations that protect and defend information and IT systems by ensuring their availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non-repudiation. This includes providing for restoration of IT systems by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction.
  • cyber threat indicator  - in the Cybersecurity Act of 2015.
  • cybersecurity  - prevention of damage to, protection of, and restoration of computers, electronic communications systems, electronic communications services, wire communication, and electronic communication, including information contained therein, to ensure its availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non-repudiation.
  • cybersecurity  — Prevention of damage to, protection of, and restoration of computers, electronic communications systems, electronic communications services, wire communication, and electronic communication, including information contained therein, to ensure its availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and nonrepudiation.
  • cybersecurity category  - a position's or incumbent's primary work function involving cybersecurity, which is further defined by Specialty Area.
  • cybersecurity incident  - As it relates to the Cyber Security Incident Program (CSIP), a failure to protect the Departments cyber infrastructure from potential damage or risk.
  • cybersecurity infraction  - As it relates to CSIP, one subset of a cybersecurity incident that contravenes computer security policy but does not result in damage to States cyber infrastructure.
  • cybersecurity mission  - activities that encompass the full range of threat reduction, vulnerability reduction, deterrence, international engagement, incident response, resiliency, and recovery policies and activities, including computer network operations, information assurance, law enforcement, diplomacy, military, and intelligence missions as such activities relate to the security and stability of
  • cybersecurity purpose  - the purpose of protecting an information system or information that is stored on, processed by, or transiting an information system from a cybersecurity threat or security vulnerability.

cybersecurity risk- (A) threats to and vulnerabilities of information or information systems and any related consequences caused by or resulting from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, degradation, disruption, modification, or destruction of such information or information systems, including such related consequences caused by an act of terrorism; and (B) does not include any action that solely involves a violation of a consumer term of service or a consumer licensing agreement.

  • cybersecurity threat  - an action, not protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, on or through an information system that may result in an unauthorized effort to adversely impact the security, availability, confidentiality, or integrity of an information system or information that is stored on, processed by, or transiting an information system.
  • cybersecurity violation  - As it relates to CSIP, the second subset of a cybersecurity incident, more serious than an infraction because it results in damage or significant risk to the Departments cyber infrastructure due to an individual’s failure to comply with established Department computer security policy.
  • cyberspace  - 
(A) the interdependent network of information technology infrastructures; and
 (B ) includes the Internet, telecommunications networks, computer systems, and embedded processors and controllers.
  • cyberspace  - A global domain within the information environment consisting of the interdependent network of information technology infrastructures and resident data, including the Internet, telecommunications networks, computer systems, and embedded processors and controllers.
  • cyberspace  - virtual environment, accessible via computer networks, where communication can take place and information can be shared often interchanged with the word Internet, cyberspace is the artificial realm created by and accessible through computer networks with the intended function of sharing information and facilitating communication.
  • cyberspace operations  — The employment of cyberspace capabilities where the primary purpose is to achieve objectives in or through cyberspace.
  • cyberspace superiority  - The degree of dominance in cyberspace by one force that permits the secure, reliable conduct of operations by that force, and its related land, air, maritime, and space forces at a given time and place without prohibitive interference by an adversary.
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