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dam- (A) any artificial barrier that has the ability to impound water, wastewater, or any liquid-borne material, for the purpose of storage or control of water, that — (i) is 25 feet or more in height from — (I) the natural bed of the stream channel or watercourse measured at the downstream toe of the barrier; or (II) if the barrier is not across a stream channel or watercourse, from the lowest elevation of the outside limit of the barrier; to the maximum water storage elevation; or(ii) has an impounding   223 capacity for maximum storage elevation of 50 acre-feet or more; but (B) does not include—(i) a levee; or (ii) a barrier described in subparagraph (A) that — (I) is 6 feet or less in height regardless of storage capacity; or (II) has a storage capacity at the maximum water storage elevation that is 15 acre-feet or less regardless of height; unless the barrier, because of the location of the barrier or another physical characteristic of the barrier, is likely to pose a significant threat to human life or property if the barrier fails (as determined by the Administrator).

  • damage assessment  - 1. The determination of the effect of attacks on targets. 2. A determination of the effect of a compromise of classified information on national security.
  • damage criteria  - The critical levels of various weapons effects required to create specified levels of damage.
  • damage estimation  - A preliminary appraisal of the potential effects of an attack. See also attack assessment.
  • damage susceptibility  - the susceptibility of a passenger motor vehicle to damage in a motor vehicle accident.
  • damage to the national security  - harm to the national defense or foreign relations of the United States from the unauthorized disclosure of information, taking into consideration such aspects of the information as the sensitivity, value, utility, and provenance of that information.
  • damages  - damages, and includes the cost of assessing these damages.
  • danger close  — In close air support, artillery, mortar, and naval gunfire support fires, the term included in the method of engagement segment of a call for fire that indicates that friendly forces are within close proximity of the target. See also final protective fire.
  • danger pay allowance  - The additional compensation of up to 35 percent over basic compensation granted to employees for service at designated danger pay posts.
  • dangerous cargo  - Cargo that is subject to special regulations for its transport because of its dangerous properties.
  • data  - Crude, isolated, non-analyzed measures that reflect the status or degree of a measured attribute of a component or system.
  • data  - Factual information, especially information organized for analysis or used to reason or make decisions. In Computer Science, numerical or other information represented in a form suitable for processing by computer.
  • data  - value or set of values that provides a representation of facts, concepts, or instructions in a formalized manner suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing by humans or by automatic means any representations such as characters or analog quantities to which meaning is or might be assigned.
  • data access request process  - departmental process used to capture data access requirements and adjudicate data access requests.
  • data administration  - The organization responsible for the definition, management, organization, and

  224   supervision of data within an enterprise or organization. A business function responsible for identifying, documenting, and modeling business information requirements and for maintaining the business set of data definitions and standards. USAID, FAM, 1 FAM 271.4 )

  • data administrator  - one who manages access, security, and integrity of the database and monitors the performance of the database system to maintain any established service level agreements.
  • data analyst  - one who understands, applies a variety of techniques, and analyzes the data to align, interpret, and communicate the data to support effective decision-making.
  • data and information risk  - risk associated with the loss or misuse of data or information includes; risk of compromise of privacy information; risk of increased burdens on citizens and businesses because of data collection requirements if the associated business processes or the project requires access to data from other sources (federal, state, and/ or local agencies).
  • data architect  - one who establishes the data architecture, defines the taxonomy and naming conventions to be used, and supports the alignment of the data models to the business needs for the IT system or investment.
  • data architecture  - architectural framework for how data is stored, managed, and used in a system describes how data is persistently stored, how components and processes reference and manipulate this data, how external/ legacy systems access the data, interfaces to data managed by external/ legacy systems, implementation of common data operations.
  • data asset  - managed container for data examples include relational database, Web site, document repository, directory or data service.
  • data breach  - the loss, theft, or other unauthorized access, other than those incidental to the scope of employment, to data containing sensitive personal information, in electronic or printed form, that results in the potential compromise of the confidentiality or integrity of the data.
  • data breach analysis  - the process used to determine if a data breach has resulted in the misuse of sensitive personal information.
  • data continuity  - the continued acquisition and availability of unenhanced data which are, from the point of view of the user — (A) sufficiently consistent (in terms of acquisition geometry, coverage characteristics, and spectral characteristics) with previous Landsat data to allow comparisons for global and regional change detection and characterization; and (B) compatible with such data and with methods used to receive and process such data.
  • data element  - 1. A basic unit of information built on standard structures having a unique meaning and distinct units or values. 2. In electronic recordkeeping, a combination of characters or bytes referring to one separate item of information, such as name, address, or age.
  • data element  - A named identifier of each of the entities and their attributes represented in a database.
  • data element standardization  - The process of documenting, reviewing, and approving unique names, definitions, characteristics, and representations of data elements according to established procedures and conventions.
  • data exchange  - categorization of information being exchanged between one or more parties; such as the regular exchange of environment testing data among federal, state, local, and tribal entities.

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  • Data Integrity Board  - the board of senior officials designated by the head of an agency that is responsible for, among other things, reviewing the agency’s proposals to conduct or participate in a matching program and conducting an annual review of all matching programs in which the agency has participated. At a minimum, the Data Integrity Board includes the Inspector General of the agency, if any, and the senior official designated by the head of the agency as responsible for implementation of the Privacy Act (i.e., the Senior Agency Official for Privacy).
  • data management  - practice of putting into place policies, procedures and best practices to ensure that data is understandable, trusted, visible, accessible and interoperable.
  • data management  - The Departments management office for developing, standardizing, maintaining, and approving data elements for use in IT systems development projects. Also called DM
  • data mapping  - A method used to identify and link selected data to one or more equivalent standard data elements.
  • data mining  - application of database technology and techniques to uncover hidden patterns, anomalies, and subtle relationships in data and to infer rules that allow for the prediction of future results SPECIAL USE DEFINITION: (NOTE: This Special Use definition is for the limited purpose of the specific Congressional reporting requirement set out in the 9/ 11 Act, entitled the Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act and is not used for any other purpose.) The Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act defines “data mining” as “a program involving pattern-based queries, searches, or other analyses of 1 or more electronic databases, where — (A) a department or agency of the Federal Government, or a non-Federal entity acting on behalf of the Federal Government, is conducting the queries, searches, or other analyses to discover or locate a predictive pattern or anomaly indicative of terrorist or criminal activity on the part of any individual or individuals; (B) the queries, searches, or other analyses are not subject-based and do not use personal identifiers of a specific individual, or inputs associated with a specific individual or group of individuals, to retrieve information from the database or databases; and (C) the purpose of the queries, searches, or other analyses is not solely — (i) the detection of fraud, waste, or abuse in a Government agency or program; or (ii) the security of a Government computer system.”
  • data mining person  - per - The Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act - a program involving pattern-based queries, searches, or other analyses of 1 or more electronic databases, where — (A) a department or agency of the Federal Government, or a non-federal entity acting on behalf of the Federal Government, is conducting the queries, searches, or other analyses to discover or locate a predictive pattern or anomaly indicative of terrorist or criminal activity on the part of any individual or individuals; (B) the queries, searches, or other analyses are not subject-based and do not use personal identifiers of a specific individual, or inputs associated with a specific individual or group of individuals, to retrieve information from the database or databases; and (C) the purpose of the queries, searches, or other analyses is not solely — (i) the detection of fraud, waste, or abuse in a government agency or program; or (ii) the security of a government computer system.”
  • data model  - graphic and/ or lexical representation of the data and information required to support the operation of any set of business processes and/ or the systems used to automate them.
  • data modeling  - Identifies informal graphical and textual representation and the entities and relationships involved in a data process; provides a mechanism for understanding the intended activity of a new system and designing the data.
  • data other than certified cost or pricing data  - pricing data, cost data, and judgmental information necessary for the contracting officer to determine a fair and reasonable price or to determine cost realism. Such data may include the identical types of data as certified cost or pricing data. The data may also include, for example, sales data and any information reasonably required to explain the offeror’s estimating process, including, but not limited to– (1) The judgmental factors applied and

  226   the mathematical or other methods used in the estimate, including those used in projecting from known data; and (2) The nature and amount of any contingencies included in the proposed price.

  • data quality  - the accuracy, timeliness, relevance, and completeness of information about individuals.
  • data reference model  - One of the five reference models of the Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA). The DRM is a framework of which its primary purpose is to enable information sharing, to allow reuse across the Federal Government via the standard description and discovery of common data, and to promote uniform data management practices. Also called DRM.
  • data reference model  - representational framework whose primary purpose is to enable information sharing and reuse across all levels via the standard description and discovery of common data also for the promotion of uniform data management practices.
  • data replication  - The process of, or facilities for, maintaining multiple copies, subsets, or versions of data (copy management). This process is normally managed by the data base administrator and can be primary-site (single location) or multi-site (multiple locations) in nature.
  • data screening  - visual or automated review of data to detect anomalies includes manifest or entry documentation, computer systems, or documents submitted in advance of or associated with a person or shipment, e.g., Manifest and Entry Documentation review, Criminal History checks, Shipping History, AMS, Shipper Exportation Declarations, NCIC, NVMC, Criminal Databases.
  • data security  - physical, technical, and administrative measures used to safeguard protected information from unauthorized access, modification, use, disclosure, or destruction as defined in the ISE Privacy Guidelines and 12 FAM 091 under Information Security.
  • data set  - organized collection of data with a specific purpose found in a data system set may be presented in tabular or non-tabular form.
  • data steward  - one who oversees and maintains consistent reference data and master data definitions, publishes relevant interpretation and proper usage of the data, and ensures the quality of the content and metadata.
  • data steward  - person with assigned responsibility to provide service and leadership with respect to data management, making decisions based on the enterprise perspective.
  • data theme  - Electronic records and coordinates for a topic or subject, such as elevation, vegetation, or hydrography.
  • Data Universal Numbering System  - A unique 9-character identification number provided by Dun & Bradstreet. The Federal Government requires business entities, self-employed individuals, contractors, and individuals who provide services or goods to have a DUNS number. Also called DUNS.
  • Database Administration  - Technical support and configuration management of a data base management system. DBA functions include system maintenance, user access control, review of new data base designs, data base change control, data base replication, and security issues and procedures. Also called DBA.
  • date of completion  - the date on which all work under an award is completed or the date on the award document, or any supplement or amendment thereto, on which Federal sponsorship ends.

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  • Dates for Filing Applications  - Dates for Filing Applications are established by the Department to indicate, for Department purposes (these dates have separate significance regarding eligibility to file adjustment of status applications with DHS), when immigrant visa applicants should be notified to assemble and submit required documentation to the National Visa Center (NVC). The dates, which in general were previously called qualifying dates, reflect priority dates for filing visa applications within a timeframe justifying immediate action in the application process. The Dates for Filing Applications are published in the monthly Visa Bulletin starting in October 2015. Neither post nor the NVC will officially and pro-actively notify applicants of additional processing requirements until the Dates for Filing Applications encompasses the aliens priority date. This process helps to ensure that all documentation will be current and accurate by the time a visa number is available and authorized for issuance and to avoid delay in final action.
  • Date-Time Group  - Date and time assigned to an outgoing telegram by the telegraphic processor upon receipt for transmission; the official date of the telegram. A DTG is always expressed in Zulu or GMT time. Also called DTG.
  • date-time group  - Date and time assigned to an outgoing telegram by the telegraphic processor when transmissions are received; the official date of the telegram. A DTG is always expressed in Zulu or GMT time. Also called DTG.
  • date-time group  - The date and time, expressed as six digits followed by the time zone suffix at which the message was prepared for transmission (first pair of digits denotes the date, second pair the hours, third pair the minutes, followed by a three-letter month abbreviation and two-digit year abbreviation.). Also called DTG.
  • datum (geodetic)  - 1. A reference surface consisting of five quantities: the latitude and longitude of an initial point, the azimuth of a line from that point, and the parameters of the reference ellipsoid. 2. The mathematical model of the earth used to calculate the coordinates on any map. Different nations use different datum for printing coordinates on their maps.
  • day  - A calendar day.
  • day  - period of twenty-four hours as a unit of time reckoned from one midnight to the next and corresponds to a rotation of the earth on its axis.
  • day  - the time from eight o'clock antemeridian to five o'clock postmeridian.
  • days  - calendar days and not workdays.
  • D-day  - The unnamed day on which a particular operation commences or is to commence.
  • dead latch  - spring-actuated latch bolt having a beveled end and incorporating a feature that automatically locks the projected latch bolt against return by end pressure.
  • dead lock  - lock that incorporates a deadbolt.
  • deadbolt  - lock bolt, which requires a deliberate action to extend, and which resists end pressure in the unlocking direction when fully extended.
  • deadweight ton  - measure of how much weight a ship can safely carry when immersed to its load line includes cargo, fuel, fresh waters, stores and crew; can be expressed in metric ton (1,000 kg) or long

  228   ton (2,240 pounds). Terms )

  • deaf  - an individual with a hearing impairment, including an individual who is hard of hearing, an individual deafened later in life, and an individual who is profoundly deaf.
  • deaf-blindness  - concomitant hearing and visual impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for children with deafness or children with blindness.
  • deafness  - a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
  • dealer  - a person residing or located in the United States, including the District of Columbia or a territory or possession of the United States, and engaged in selling or distributing new passenger motor vehicles to the ultimate purchaser.
  • dealer  - any person engaged in the business of distributing explosive materials at wholesale or retail.
  • dealer  - any person who engages either for all or part of his time, directly or indirectly, as agent, broker, or principal, in the business of offering, buying, selling, or otherwise dealing or trading in securities issued by another person.
  • de-arming  - An operation in which a weapon is changed from a state of readiness for initiation to a safe condition. Also called safing.

death- (1) Official death certificate listing the date of death as September 11, 2001, accompanied by other documents attributing the death to the attacks of September 11, 2001; (2) Interim death certificate issued by the State of New York listing the date of death as September 11, 2001; (3) Flight records for deceased passengers on one of the four planes used in the attacks; (4) Public records listing the deceased as a victim of the September 11 attacks; or (5) Other official or non- official documents. b. In the context of orphan adoption cases, a child whose natural parents are deceased and who has not acquired another parent (such as a stepparent or legal adoptive parent) under the INA is considered an orphan. For example, a legitimate child’s natural parents who were just killed in an accident could be considered an orphan (assuming other criteria are met). That child would continue to qualify as an orphan even after a court named her grandmother as her guardian, as long as the child was not legally adopted.

  • debarkation  - The unloading of troops, equipment, or supplies from a ship or aircraft.

debarkation schedule —A schedule that provides for the timely and orderly debarkation of troops and equipment and emergency supplies for the waterborne ship-to-shore movement.

  • debarment  - action taken by a debarring official to exclude a contractor from Government contracting and Government-approved subcontracting for a reasonable, specified period; a contractor that is excluded is “debarred.”

debt- (A) an amount that is owing to the United States on account of a direct loan, or loan insured or guaranteed, by the United States; or (B) an amount that is owing to the United States on account of a fee, duty, lease, rent, service, sale of real or personal property, overpayment, fine, assessment, penalty, restitution, damages, interest, tax, bail bond forfeiture, reimbursement, recovery of a cost incurred by the United States, or other source of indebtedness to the United States, but that is not   229 owing under the terms of a contract originally entered into by only persons other than the United States; and includes any amount owing to the United States for the benefit of an Indian tribe or individual Indian, but excludes any amount to which the United States is entitled).

  • debt (or Claim)  - An amount of money that has been determined to be owed to the Department of State from any person.
  • debt bondage  - the status or condition of a debtor arising from a pledge by the debtor of his or her personal services or of those of a person under his or her control as a security for debt, if the value of those services as reasonably assessed is not applied toward the liquidation of the debt or the length and nature of those services are not respectively limited and defined.
  • debt-for-development swap  - the purchase of qualified debt by, or the donation of such debt to, an organization which is exempt from taxation, and the subsequent transfer of such debt to an organization located in such foreign country in exchange for an undertaking by such tax-exempt organization, such foreign government, or such foreign organization to engage in a charitable, educational, or scientific activity.
  • debt-for-nature exchange  - the cancellation or redemption of the foreign debt of the government of a country in exchange for — (1) that government’s making available local currencies (including through the issuance of bonds) which are used only for eligible projects involving the conservation or protection of the environment in that country; or (3) a combination of assets and actions under both paragraphs (1) and (2).
  • debtor  - a person who is liable for a debt or against whom there is a claim for a debt.

deceased veteran- (1) A veteran who dies as the result of a service-connected disability. (2) A veteran who dies while in receipt of disability compensation (or who but for the receipt of retirement pay or pension under this title, would have been entitled to compensation). (3) A veteran whom the Secretary determines is eligible for funeral expenses by virtue of the Secretary determining that the veteran has no next of kin or other person claiming the body of such veteran.

  • decedent effects  - Personal effects found on human remains. Also called DE.
  • decentralized control  - In air defense, the normal mode whereby a higher echelon monitors unit actions, making direct target assignments to units only when necessary to ensure proper fire distribution or to prevent engagement of friendly aircraft. See also centralized control.
  • decentralized execution  - Delegation of execution authority to subordinate commanders.
  • deception action  - A collection of related deception events that form a major component of a deception operation.
  • deception concept  — The deception course of action forwarded to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for review as part of the combatant commander’s strategic concept.
  • deception event  - A deception means executed at a specific time and location in support of a deception operation.
  • deception goal  - Commander’s statement of the purpose of military deception as it contributes to the successful accomplishment of the assigned mission.

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  • deception means  - Methods, resources, and techniques that can be used to convey information to the deception target.
  • deception means  - Methods, resources, and techniques that can be used to convey information to the deception target. There are three categories of deception means: a. physical means. Activities and resources used to convey or deny selected information to a foreign power. b. technical means. Military material resources and their associated operating techniques used to convey or deny selected information to a foreign power. c. administrative means. Resources, methods, and techniques to convey or deny oral, pictorial, documentary, or other physical evidence to a foreign power.
  • deception objective  - The desired result of a deception operation expressed in terms of what the adversary is to do or not to do at the critical time and/ or location.
  • deception story  - A scenario that outlines the friendly actions that will be portrayed to cause the deception target to adopt the desired perception.
  • deception target  - The adversary decision maker with the authority to make the decision that will achieve the deception objective.
  • deciding official  - The individual who makes the decision to admonish, reprimand, suspend, or separate for cause.
  • decision  - In an estimate of the situation, a clear and concise statement of the line of action intended to be followed by the commander as the one most favorable to the successful accomplishment of the assigned mission.
  • decision analysis  - process using techniques, body of knowledge, and professional practice to provide analytical support to address decisions through a formalized structure.
  • decision officer  - The official designated by the head of the Agency to determine that an exigency of the public business or administrative error or sickness of the employee, when the annual leave was requested and approved in advance, caused forfeiture of scheduled annual leave, and to authorize its restoration for later use.
  • decision point  - A point in space and time when the commander or staff anticipates making a key decision concerning a specific course of action. See also course of action; decision support template; target area of interest.
  • decision review  - specific project milestone that denotes a key decision point in the lifecycle of a project, moving from one phase within a project to another (e.g., from analysis to development).
  • decision support system  - set of related computer programs and the data required to assist with analysis and decision-making within an organization.
  • decision support template  - A combined intelligence and operations graphic based on the results of wargaming that depicts decision points, timelines associated with movement of forces and the flow of the operation, and other key items of information required to execute a specific friendly course of action. Also called DST. See also course of action; decision point.
  • decisive point  - A geographic place, specific key event, critical factor, or function that, when acted upon, allows commanders to gain a marked advantage over an adversary or contribute materially to achieving success. See also center of gravity.

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  • deck status light  - A three-colored light (red, amber, green) controlled from the primary flight control. Navy — The light displays the status of the ship to support flight operations. United States Coast Guard — The light displays clearance for a helicopter to conduct a given evolution.
  • declaration under penalty of perjury  - A declaration used in an affidavit instead of an oath or affirmation before the consular officer - In federal court, it has the same force or effect as an oath or affirmation.
  • declaration under penalty of perjury  - A simple declaration used instead of a notarized oath or affirmation which, when permitted, eliminates the need for an oath before the consular officer.
  • declared event  - a major disaster or emergency.
  • declassification  - that process by which historical documentation is reviewed for public release by the Department, other government agencies, and, if necessary, foreign governments.
  • declassification  - the authorized change in the status of information from classified information to unclassified information.
  • declassification  - The determination that particular classified information no longer requires protection against unauthorized disclosure in the interest of national security. Such determination shall be by specific action or automatically after the lapse of a requisite period of time or the occurrence of a specified event. If such determination is by specific action, the material shall be so marked with the new designation.
  • declassification event  - An event that would eliminate the need for continued classification.
  • declassification guide  - written instructions issued by a declassification authority that describes the elements of information regarding a specific subject that may be declassified and the elements that must remain classified.
  • declined check  - Any check presented for payment that Treasury will not honor because of a prior notice of a doubtful question of law or fact.
  • decompression  - In personnel recovery, the process of normalizing psychological and behavioral reactions that recovered isolated personnel experienced or are currently experiencing as a result of their isolation and recovery.
  • decontamination  - The process of making any person, object, or area safe by absorbing, destroying, neutralizing, making harmless, or removing chemical or biological agents, or by removing radioactive material clinging to or around it.
  • decontrol  - The authorized removal of an assigned administrative control designation.
  • decoy  - An imitation in any sense of a person, object, or phenomenon that is intended to deceive enemy surveillance devices or mislead enemy evaluation. Also called dummy.
  • decoy  - An imitation in any sense of a person, object, or phenomenon which is intended to deceive enemy surveillance devices or mislead enemy evaluation. Also called dummy.
  • dedicated automobile  - an automobile that operates only on alternative fuel.

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  • dedicated housing  - Under the single real property manager (SRPM) concept, dedicated housing is provided only to the senior representative of each of the foreign affairs agencies - Department of Agricultures Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS); Department of Commerce (DOC); USAID; and the U.S. Defense representative.
  • Dedicated Internet Network  - A Department owned and operated non-sensitive unclassified local area network that supports Internet services outside the boundaries of OpenNet. A DIN can be comprised of multiple segments, where each segment is used for purposes such as - Providing public access Internet terminals; testing of hardware and software; local software development; hosting services available to the Internet; to connect systems not managed by the Department (for visitors, vendors, etc.); providing Internet access to other agencies at post; and conducting digital video conferencing over the Internet (outside the CAA). Also called DIN.
  • Dedicated Internet Network  - Dedicated Internet access from an Internet Service Provider (ISP) on a discrete local area network (LAN) that is not connected to any other Department system. Also called DIN.
  • dedicated line communications  - non-shared telephone line to an individual subscriber from a central station.
  • dedicated line power  - power or transmission line with a single function, such as data transmission, or to a single source such as an outlet for a computer.
  • dedicated vehicle  - a dedicated automobile, as such term is defined that operates solely on alternative fuel.
  • deductions  - Amounts subtracted from the gross voucher amount to arrive at the payment amount. Deductions are for- (1) Cash discounts offered by vendors; (2) Credit memos (debts) that need to be offset; or (3) Adjustments specified in the contract.
  • deductions/ withholdings  - Refer to both the mandatory deductions and voluntary deductions that are made from the gross pay of an employee, such as deductions towards retirement, Thrift Savings Plan, U.S. Social Security programs, U.S. Federal, state, and local income tax, and health and life insurance.
  • deep seabed  - the seabed, and the subsoil thereof to a depth of ten meters, lying seaward of and outside —
  • deep-draft harbor  - a harbor which is authorized to be constructed to a depth of more than 45 feet.
  • defamation  - any action or other proceeding for defamation, libel, slander, or similar claim alleging that forms of speech are false, have caused damage to reputation or emotional distress, have presented any person in a false light, or have resulted in criticism, dishonor, or condemnation of any person.
  • default  - the failure of a borrower of a loan made under this subpart to — (i) make an installment payment when due; or(ii) comply with any other term of the promissory note for such loan, except that a loan made under this subpart shall not be considered to be in default if the loan is discharged in bankruptcy or if the school reasonably concludes from written contracts with the borrower that the borrower intends to repay the loan.
  • default aversion activities  - activities of a guaranty agency that are directly related to providing

  233 collection assistance to the lender on a delinquent loan, prior to the loan's being legally in a default status, including due diligence activities required pursuant to regulations of the Secretary. Code 20, §1072b. )

  • default collection activities  - activities of a guaranty agency that are directly related to the collection of the loan on which a default claim has been paid to the participating lender, including the due diligence activities required pursuant to regulations of the Secretary.
  • default judgment  - A judgment rendered in consequence of the nonappearance of the defendant or for failure to take some required step to defend against the charges or claim in a specific action.
  • default reduction activities  - activities to reduce student loan defaults that improve, strengthen, and expand default prevention activities, such as (i) establishing a program of partial loan cancellation to reward disadvantaged borrowers for good repayment histories with their lenders; (ii) establishing a financial and debt management counseling program for high-risk borrowers that provides long- term training (beginning prior to the first disbursement of the borrower's first student loan and continuing through the completion of the borrower's program of education or training) in budgeting and other aspects of financial management, including debt management; (iii) establishing a program of placement counseling to assist high-risk borrowers in identifying employment or additional training opportunities; and (iv) developing public service announcements that would detail consequences of student loan default and provide information regarding a toll-free telephone number established by the guaranty agency for use by borrowers seeking assistance in avoiding default.
  • defaulted principal amount outstanding  - the total amount borrowed from the loan fund of a school that has reached the repayment stage (minus any principal amount repaid or canceled) on loans — (i) repayable monthly and in default for at least 120 days; and(ii) repayable less frequently than monthly and in default for at least 180 days.

defended asset list —A listing of those assets from the critical asset list prioritized by the joint force commander to be defended with the resources available. Also called DAL.

  • Defend-In-Place  - A situation where it may be necessary for building occupants to remain where they are, should leaving the area or floor pose a threat. This may include locking office doors and turning out lights (if not automatic) to give the appearance of an empty office, or sealing around office doors and windows to prevent the transfer of smoke into the office while waiting for rescue from emergency response personnel. A direction to DIP may occur with little or no warning. Also called DIP.
  • defense acquisition system  - the workforce engaged in carrying out the acquisition of property and services for the Department of Defense; the management structure responsible for directing and overseeing the acquisition of property and services for the Department of Defense; and the statutory, regulatory, and policy framework that guides the acquisition of property and services for the Department of Defense.
  • Defense Agency  - an organizational entity of the Department of Defense — (A) that is established by the Secretary of Defense to perform a supply or service activity common to more than one military department (other than such an entity that is designated by the Secretary as a Department of Defense Field Activity); or (B) that is designated by the Secretary of Defense as a Defense Agency.

defense article- (1) any weapon, weapons system, munition, aircraft, vessel, boat, or other implement of war; (2) any property, installation, commodity, material, equipment, supply, or goods used for the purposes of furnishing military assistance; (3) any machinery, facility, tool, material, supply, or other item necessary for the manufacture, production, processing, repair, servicing storage, construction, transportation, operation, or use; or (4) any component or part but shall not include merchant vessels or, as defined by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, source material (except uranium   234   depleted in the isotope 235 which is incorporated in defense articles solely to take advantage of high density or pyrophoric characteristics unrelated to radioactivity), byproduct material, special nuclear material, production facilities, utilization facilities, or atomic weapons or articles involving Restricted Data.

defense auditing organizations- (A) the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense;

  • defense budget  - the budget of the Department of Defense included in the President's budget submitted to Congress for a fiscal year.
  • defense budget materials  - the materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary of Defense in support of the budget for that fiscal year.
  • defense contractor  - any person who enters into a contract with the United States — (A) to furnish materials, industrial resources, or a critical technology for the national defense; or (B) to perform services for the national defense.
  • defense coordinating element  - A staff and military liaison officers who assist the defense coordinating officer in facilitating coordination and support to activated emergency support functions. Also called DCE.
  • defense coordinating officer  - Department of Defense single point of contact for domestic emergencies who is assigned to a joint field office to process requirements for military support, forward mission assignments through proper channels to the appropriate military organizations, and assign military liaisons, as appropriate, to activated emergency support functions. Also called DCO.
  • Defense Coordinating Officer  - Individual who serves as the Department of Defense (DOD)’s single point of contact at the Joint Field Office (JFO) for requesting assistance from DOD. With few exceptions, requests for Defense Support of Civil Authorities originating at the JFO are coordinated with and processed through the DCO. The DCO may have a Defense Coordinating Element consisting of a staff and military liaison officers to facilitate coordination and support to activated Emergency Support Functions. Also called DCO.
  • Defense Courier Service  - The Defense Courier Service is established under the United States Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM) and is a global courier network for the expeditious, cost-effective, and secure distribution of highly classified and sensitive material for the Department of Defense. Also called DCS.
  • defense critical electric infrastructure  - any electric infrastructure located in any of the 48 contiguous States or the District of Columbia that serves a facility designated by the Secretary but is not owned or operated by the owner or operator of such facility.
  • defense critical infrastructure  - Department of Defense and non-Department of Defense networked assets and facilities essential to project, support, and sustain military forces and operations worldwide. Also called DCI.

defense facility -any private facility producing goods or services pursuant to a defense contract.

  • defense feature  - equipment or design features included or incorporated in a civil aircraft which ensures the compatibility of such aircraft with the Department of Defense airlift system. Such term includes any equipment or design feature which enables such aircraft to be readily modified for use as an

  235 aeromedical aircraft or a cargo-convertible, cargo-capable, or passenger-cargo combined aircraft.

  • defense human intelligence executor  - The senior Department of Defense intelligence official as designated by the head of each of the Department of Defense components who are authorized to conduct human intelligence and related intelligence activities. Also called DHE.
  • defense in depth  - A practical strategy for achieving Information Assurance by applying security measures to all components of the system, creating a security architecture that calls for the network to be aware and self-protective. It is a best practices strategy that relies on the intelligent application of techniques and technologies. The strategy recommends a balance between the protection capability and cost, performance, and operational considerations.
  • defense industrial base  - The Department of Defense, government, and private sector worldwide industrial complex with capabilities to perform research and development, design, produce, and maintain military weapon systems, subsystems, components, or parts to meet military requirements. Also called DIB.

defense industrial reserve- (A) a general reserve of industrial manufacturing equipment, including machine tools, selected by the Secretary of Defense for retention for national defense or for other emergency use; (B) those industrial plants and installations held by and under the control of the Department of Defense in active or inactive status, including Government-owned/ Government- operated plants and installations and Government-owned/ contractor-operated plants and installations which are retained for use in their entirety, or in part, for production of military weapons systems, munitions, components, or supplies; and (C) those industrial plants and installations under the control of the Secretary which are not required for the immediate need of any department or agency of the Government and which should be sold, leased, or otherwise disposed of.

  • defense information  - any document, writing, sketch, photograph, plan, model, specification, design, prototype, or other recorded or oral information relating to any defense article or defense service, but shall not include Restricted Data as defined by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, and data removed from the Restricted Data category.
  • Defense Information Systems Network  - The integrated network, centrally managed and configured by the Defense Information Systems Agency to provide dedicated point-to-point, switched voice and data, imagery, and video teleconferencing services for all Department of Defense activities. Also called DISN.
  • defense items  - defense articles, defense services, and related technical data.
  • Defense Messaging System  - An e-mail-based, unified electronic messaging system created by Department of Defense (DOD) to meet all classified and unclassified messaging requirements. Also called DMS.
  • defense plutonium and defense plutonium materials  - weapons-usable plutonium.
  • Defense Satellite Communications System  - Geosynchronous military communications satellites that provide high data rate communications for military forces, diplomatic corps, and the White House. Also called DSCS.
  • defense service  - any service, test, inspection, repair, publication, or technical or other assistance or defense information used for the purposes of furnishing military assistance, but does not include

  236   military educational and training activities. 195), SEC. 644. )

  • defense support of civil authorities  - civil support activities provided by U.S. military forces, Department of Defense (DOD) civilians, DOD contract personnel, and DOD agency and component assets, in response to requests for assistance from civilian federal, state, local, and tribal authorities under the auspices of the national response framework (for domestic emergencies).
  • defense support of civil authorities  - Support provided by U.S. military forces (Regular, Reserve, and National Guard), Department of Defense (DOD) civilians, DOD contract personnel, and DOD agency and component assets, in response to requests for assistance from civilian Federal, State, local, and tribal authorities for domestic emergencies, designated law enforcement support, and other domestic activities. Also called DSCA.
  • defense support of civil authorities  — Support provided by US Federal military forces, Department of Defense civilians, Department of Defense contract personnel, Department of Defense component assets, and National Guard forces (when the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the governors of the affected states, elects and requests to use those forces in Title 32, United States Code, status) in response to requests for assistance from civil authorities for domestic emergencies, law enforcement support, and other domestic activities, or from qualifying entities for special events. Also called DSCA. Also known as civil support.
  • defense support program  - Satellites that provide early warning of missile launches. Also called DSP.
  • Defense Switched Network  - The component of the Defense Communications System that handles Department of Defense voice, data, and video communications. Also called DSN.
  • Defense Transportation System  - That portion of the worldwide transportation infrastructure that supports Department of Defense transportation needs in peace and war. Also called DTS. See also common-user transportation; transportation system.
  • defense travel card  - a charge or credit card that — (A) is issued to an employee of the Department of Defense or a member of the armed forces under a contract entered into by the Department of Defense with the issuer of the card; and (B) is to be used for charging expenses incurred by the employee or member in connection with official travel.
  • defense waste  - waste, including radioactive waste, resulting primarily from atomic energy defense activities of the Department of Energy.
  • defensive counterair  - All defensive measures designed to neutralize or destroy enemy forces attempting to penetrate or attack through friendly airspace. Also called DCA. See also counterair; offensive counterair.
  • defensive cyberspace operation response action  — Deliberate, authorized defensive measures or activities taken outside of the defended network to protect and defend Department of Defense cyberspace capabilities or other designated systems. Also called DCO-RA.
  • defensive cyberspace operations  - Passive and active cyberspace operations intended to preserve the ability to utilize friendly cyberspace capabilities and protect data, networks, net-centric capabilities, and other designated systems. Also called DCO.
  • defensive measure  - an action, device, procedure, signature, technique, or other measure applied to an information system or information that is stored on, processed by, or transiting an information system that detects, prevents, or mitigates a known or suspected cybersecurity threat or security

  237 vulnerability.

  • defensive measure  - does not include a measure that destroys, renders unusable, provides unauthorized access to, or substantially harms an information system or information stored on, processed by, or transiting such information system not owned by—(i) the private entity operating the measure; or (ii) another entity or Federal entity that is authorized to provide consent and has provided consent to that private entity for operation of such measure.
  • defensive minefield  - 1. In naval mine warfare, a minefield laid in international waters or international straits with the declared intention of controlling shipping in defense of sea communications. 2. In land mine warfare, a minefield laid in accordance with an established plan to prevent a penetration between positions and to strengthen the defense of the positions themselves. See also minefield.
  • defensive space control  - Operations conducted to preserve the ability to exploit space capabilities via active and passive actions, while protecting friendly space capabilities from attack, interference, or unintentional hazards.

deferral of budget authority- (A) withholding or delaying the obligation or expenditure of budget authority (whether by establishing reserves or otherwise) provided for projects or activities; or (B) any other type of Executive action or inaction which effectively precludes the obligation or expenditure of budget authority, including authority to obligate by contract in advance of appropriations as specifically authorized by law.

  • deferrals  - Any executive branch action or inaction that temporarily withholds, delays, or effectively precludes the obligation or expenditure of budgetary resources. Agencies may propose deferrals, but the President must communicate deferrals to Congress in a special message. They are not identified separately in the budget.
  • deficiency  - A material failure of a proposal to meet a Government requirement or a combination of significant weaknesses in a proposal that increases the risk of unsuccessful contract performance to an unacceptable level.
  • deficit  - with respect to a fiscal year, the amount by which outlays exceeds 2 receipts during that year.
  • defilade  - 1. Protection from hostile observation and fire provided by an obstacle such as a hill, ridge, or bank. 2. A vertical distance by which a position is concealed from enemy observation. 3. To shield from enemy fire or observation by using natural or artificial obstacles.
  • defined fuel source  - any of the following: (A) Petroleum. (B) Natural gas. (C) Coal.(D) Coke.
  • definitive care  - Care rendered to conclusively manage a patient’s condition, such as full range of preventive, curative acute, convalescent, restorative, and rehabilitative medical care.
  • defoliant  - any substance or mixture of substances intended for causing the leaves or foliage to drop from a plant, with or without causing abscission.
  • degauss  - Procedure that reduces the magnetic flux to virtual zero by applying a reverse magnetizing field. Also called demagnetizing.
  • degaussing  - The process whereby a ship’s magnetic field is reduced by the use of electromagnetic coils, permanent magnets, or other means.
  • delayed compliance order  - an order issued by the State or by the Administrator to an existing stationary

  238   source, postponing the date required under an applicable implementation plan for compliance by such source with any requirement of such plan. US Code 42, §7602. )

  • delayed entry program  - A program under which an individual may enlist in a Reserve Component of a military service and specify a future reporting date for entry on active duty that would coincide with availability of training spaces and with personal plans such as high school graduation. Also called DEP. See also active duty.
  • delaying operation  - An operation in which a force under pressure trades space for time by slowing down the enemy’s momentum and inflicting maximum damage on the enemy without, in principle, becoming decisively engaged.
  • delegation of authority  - specification of who is authorized to act on behalf of another.
  • delegation of authority  - The action by which a commander assigns part of his or her authority, commensurate with the assigned task, to a subordinate commander.
  • delegation of authority  - The assignment of policy determination and decision making authorities at the Department, bureau, office, facility, and all other organizational locations. Generally, delegations of authority in a COOP plan or a BEAP will be written to take effect when normal channels of direction are disrupted and terminate when these channels have resumed.
  • deliberate planning  - 1. The Adaptive Planning and Execution system process involving the development of joint operation plans for contingencies identified in joint strategic planning documents. 2. A planning process for the deployment and employment of apportioned forces and resources that occurs in response to a hypothetical situation.
  • deliverable  - unique and verifiable product that must be produced to complete a process, phase, or project often used more narrowly in reference to an external deliverable, which is a deliverable to the project sponsor or customer.
  • delivery order  - an order for supplies placed against an established contract or with Government sources.
  • delivery sale  - any sale of cigarettes or a smokeless tobacco product to a consumer if — (A) the consumer submits the order for such sale by means of a telephone or other method of voice transmission, the mail, or the Internet or other online service, or the seller is otherwise not in the physical presence of the buyer when the request for purchase or order is made; or (B) the cigarettes or smokeless tobacco product is delivered by use of a common carrier, private delivery service, or the mail, or the seller is not in the physical presence of the buyer when the buyer obtains personal possession of the delivered cigarettes or smokeless tobacco product.

delivery system -
(A) any apparatus, equipment, device, or means of delivery specifically designed to deliver or disseminate a biological agent, toxin, or vector; or (B) any vector.

  • demand-side management  - energy conservation, energy efficiency, and load management techniques.
  • demilitarization  - The rendering of a product unusable for, and not restorable to, the purpose for which it was designed or is customarily used.
  • demilitarized zone  - A defined area in which the stationing or concentrating of military forces, or the retention or establishment of military installations of any description, is prohibited.

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  • demilitarized zone  - a subnetwork that sits between a trusted internal network and an untrusted external network.
  • demilitarized zone  - Perimeter network segment that is logically between internal and external networks. Its purpose is to enforce the internal networks Information Assurance policy for external information exchange and to provide external, untrusted sources with restricted access to releasable information while shielding the internal networks from outside attacks. Also called DMZ.
  • demise charter  - a contract between a vessel owner and a charter where the charter takes over the use, operation (including supplying a crew), and navigation of the owners vessel. The level of control the demise charter is to the level that it is considered functionally equivalent to ownership, but title doesn’t change. Agencies such as the United States Navy’s Military Sealift Command often demise charter a vessel.
  • demobilization  - 1. The process of transitioning a conflict or wartime military establishment and defense-based civilian economy to a peacetime configuration while maintaining national security and economic vitality. 2. The process necessary to release from active duty, or federal service, units and Reserve Component members who were ordered to active duty, or called to federal service. See also mobilization.
  • demobilization  - The orderly, safe, and efficient return of a resource to its original location and status.
  • demonstration  - 1. An attack or show of force on a front where a decision is not sought, made with the aim of deceiving the enemy. See also amphibious demonstration; diversion. 2. In military deception, a show of force in an area where a decision is not sought that is made to deceive an adversary. It is similar to a feint but no actual contact with the adversary is intended.
  • demonstration  — In military deception, a show of force similar to a feint without actual contact with the adversary, in an area where a decision is not sought that is made to deceive an adversary.
  • demonstration  - operation of a realized end product to provide evidence that it accomplishes the required functions under specific scenarios includes limited exhibition of the operation, use, maturity, operational potential or other characteristic of a device, process, product, technology or system.
  • demonstration plant  - a prototype energy system which is of sufficient size to provide safety, environmental reliability, availability, and ready engineering extrapolation of all components to commercial size but which system need not be economically competitive with then alternative energy sources.
  • denial measure  - An action to hinder or deny the enemy the use of territory, personnel, or facilities to include destruction, removal, contamination, or erection of obstructions.
  • denial of eligibility for access to National Security Information  - adjudicative decision that an individual is not eligible for access to classified information.
  • denial of service  - The prevention of authorized access to resources or the delaying of time-critical operations.
  • denied area  - An area under enemy or unfriendly control in which friendly forces cannot expect to operate successfully within existing operational constraints and force capabilities.
  • dental diseases and conditions  - diseases and conditions affecting teeth and their supporting structures, and other related diseases of the mouth.

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  • dental officer  - an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army, an officer of the Dental Corps of the Navy, or an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer.
  • department  - Both the U.S. Department of State and USAID, including U.S. and overseas offices, missions, and/ or posts.
  • department  - Department of State offices in the United States.
  • department  - Refers to the Department of State in Washington, D.C., but not to its domestic field offices in the United States; the term post(s) applies to Foreign Service posts throughout the world and U.S. missions to international organizations, except those located in the United States.
  • department  - the executive part of the department and all field headquarters, forces, reserve components, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the department. When used with respect to the Department of Defense, such term means the executive part of the department, including the executive parts of the military departments, and all field headquarters, forces, reserve components, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of Defense, including those of the military departments.
  • Department Emergency Action Plan  - The comprehensive framework for an all-hazards approach to domestic emergency response. It consists of a core document that explains in detail Department policy and guidance for domestic response, domestic roles and responsibilities, and planning requirements for domestic preparedness both at the Department and national levels to ensure continuation of the Departments PMEFs and MEFs in support of the NEFs under all conditions. Also called DEAP.
  • Department of Defense  - the military departments of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force, and all agencies created.
  • Department of Defense civilian  - A Federal civilian employee of the Department of Defense directly hired and paid from appropriated or nonappropriated funds, under permanent or temporary appointment.
  • Department of Defense components  - The Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Military Departments, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Joint Staff, the combatant commands, the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense, the Department of Defense agencies, Department of Defense field activities, and all other organizational entities in the Department of Defense.
  • Department of Defense construction agent  - United States Army Corps of Engineers, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, or other such approved Department of Defense activity, that is assigned design or execution responsibilities associated with military construction programs, facilities support, or civil engineering support to the combatant commanders in contingency operations. See also contingency operation.
  • Department of Defense container system  — All Department of Defense owned, leased, and controlled 20- or 40-foot intermodal International Organization for Standardization containers and flatracks, supporting equipment such as generator sets and chassis, container handling equipment, information systems, the 463L system, and other infrastructure that supports Department of Defense transportation and logistic operations, including commercially provided transportation services. See also container-handling equipment.
  • Department of Defense critical infrastructure security information  - sensitive but unclassified information that, if disclosed, would reveal vulnerabilities in Department of Defense critical

  241 infrastructure that, if exploited, would likely result in the significant disruption, destruction, or damage of or to Department of Defense operations, property, or facilities, including information regarding the securing and safeguarding of explosives, hazardous chemicals, or pipelines, related to critical infrastructure or protected systems owned or operated by or on behalf of the Department of Defense, including vulnerability assessments prepared by or on behalf of the Department of Defense, explosives safety information (including storage and handling), and other site-specific information on or relating to installation security. §130e )

  • Department of Defense Field Activity  - an organizational entity of the Department of Defense — (A ) that is established by the Secretary of Defense to perform a supply or service activity common to more than one military department; and (B) that is designated by the Secretary of Defense as a Department of Defense Field Activity.
  • Department of Defense information network  - The set of information capabilities, and associated processes for collecting, processing, storing, disseminating, and managing information on-demand to warfighters, policy makers, and support personnel, whether interconnected or stand-alone, including owned and leased communications and computing systems and services, software (including applications), data, security services, other associated services, and national security systems. Also called DODIN.
  • Department of Defense information network operations  - Operations to design, build, configure, secure, operate, maintain, and sustain Department of Defense networks to create and preserve information assurance on the Department of Defense information networks.
  • Department of Defense Intelligence Information System  - The combination of Department of Defense personnel, procedures, equipment, computer programs, and supporting communications that support the timely and comprehensive preparation and presentation of intelligence and information to military commanders and national-level decision makers. Also called DODIIS.
  • Department of Defense property  - covered property subject to the jurisdiction, administration, or in the custody of the Department of Defense, any Department or agency of which that Department consists, or any officer or employee of that Department or agency.
  • Department of Defense support to counterdrug operations  — Support provided by the Department of Defense to law enforcement agencies to detect, monitor, and counter the production, trafficking, and use of illegal drugs. See also counterdrug operations.
  • Department of Homeland Security Intelligence Enterprise  - primary mechanism for the integration and management of the Department’s intelligence programs, projects, and activities led by the Chief Intelligence Officer (CINT) and consisting of the Component Intelligence Programs (CIPs) of DHS Intelligence Components.
  • Department of State Publication  - A listing of routing indicators and security levels for every post or activity. Also called DOSPUB.
  • Department of State-Affiliated Educational Advising Network (Network)  - Aggregate of abroad educational advising or information centers recognized by the Department of State as providing educational advising services and operating in accordance with DOS guidelines and OSEAS Principles of Ethical Practice (NAFSA, 1998).
  • Department of the Air Force  - the Department of the Air Force at the seat of the government and all field headquarters, forces, reserve components, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Department of the Air Force.

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  • Department of the Air Force  - The executive part of the Department of the Air Force at the seat of government and all field headquarters, forces, Reserve Component, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the Air Force. Also called DAF. See also Military Department.
  • Department of the Army  - the Department of the Army at the seat of the government and all field headquarters, forces, reserve components, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Department of the Army.
  • Department of the Army  - The executive part of the Department of the Army at the seat of government and all field headquarters, forces, Reserve Component, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the Army. Also called DA. See also Military Department.
  • Department of the Navy  - the Department of the Navy at the seat of the government; the headquarters, United States Marine Corps; the entire operating forces of the United States Navy, including naval aviation, and of the United States Marine Corps, including the reserve components of such forces; all field activities, headquarters, forces, bases, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Department of the Navy; and the United States Coast Guard when operating as a part of the Navy pursuant to law.
  • Department of the Navy  - The executive part of the Department of the Navy at the seat of government; the headquarters, United States Marine Corps; the entire operating forces of the United States Navy and of the United States Marine Corps, including the Reserve Component of such forces; all field activities, headquarters, forces, bases, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the Navy; and the United States Coast Guard when operating as a part of the Navy pursuant to law. Also called DON. See also Military Department.
  • department segment  - A component (organization, program, operation, or function) having a specific, responsible manager, which can be considered as an assessable unit.
  • department unit  - Any organizational unit of the Department of State, including posts.
  • departmental intelligence  - intelligence collected, gathered, processes, analyzed, produced, or disseminated by the Department (or any element thereof) to support the preventive, protective, enforcement, or other responsibilities of the Department.
  • departmental intelligence function  - collection, gathering, processing, analysis, production, or dissemination of intelligence, the primary purpose of which is to support the preventive, protective, enforcement, or other responsibilities of the Department.
  • department-specific employee performance requirement  - amendment to select employee critical elements which define performance expectations unique to critical positions is established by the Secretary and/ or Deputy Secretary for one or more rating cycles.
  • departure airfield  - An airfield on which troops and/ or materiel are enplaned for flight. See also airfield.
  • departure point  - A navigational check point used by aircraft as a marker for setting course.
  • dependencies and interoperability risk  - risk associated with interoperability between other investments includes; risk that interoperable systems will not achieve desired outcomes; risk of increased

  243 vulnerabilities between systems.

  • dependency and indemnity compensation  - a monthly payment made by the Secretary to a surviving spouse, child, or parent (A) because of a service-connected death occurring after December 31, 1956, or (B) pursuant to the election of a surviving spouse, child, or parent, in the case of such a death occurring before January 1, 1957.
  • dependent  - a minor individual — (A) who has not completed secondary schooling, and (B) who is the child, stepchild, adopted child, ward, or spouse of a sponsor, or who is a resident in the household of a sponsor who stands in loco parentis to such individual and who receives one-half or more of his support from such sponsor.
  • dependent  - A) the servicemember's spouse;
(B) the servicemember's child; or
(C) an individual for whom the servicemember provided more than one-half of the individual's support for 180 days immediately preceding an application for relief under this chapter.
  • dependent  - that the participant or retired participant was, at the time of the death of the participant or retired participant, either living with or contributing to the support of the child, as determined in accordance with regulations.
  • dependent area  - a colony or other component or dependent area overseas from the governing foreign state.
  • dependents  - An employee’s spouse; children who are unmarried and under age 21 years or who, regardless of age, are physically or mentally incapable of self-support; dependent parents, including step and legally adoptive parents of the employee’s spouse; and dependent brothers and sisters, including step and legally adoptive brothers and sisters of the employee’s spouse who are unmarried and under 21 years of age or who, regardless of age, are physically or mentally incapable of self- support.
  • depleted  - that the uranium is depleted in uranium-235 compared with natural uranium.
  • deployment  - the movement or mobilization of a servicemember to a location for a period of longer than 60 days and not longer than 540 days pursuant to temporary or permanent official orders — (1) that are designated as unaccompanied;
(2) for which dependent travel is not authorized; or
(3) that otherwise do not permit the movement of family members to that location.
  • deployment  - The rotation of forces into and out of an operational area. See also deployment order; deployment planning; prepare to deploy order.
  • deployment health surveillance  - The regular or repeated collection, analysis, archiving, interpretation, and distribution of health-related data used for monitoring the health of a population or of individuals, and for intervening in a timely manner to prevent, treat, or control the occurrence of disease or injury, which includes occupational and environmental health surveillance and medical surveillance subcomponents.
  • deployment order  - A planning directive from the Secretary of Defense, issued by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, that authorizes and directs the transfer of forces between combatant commands by reassignment or attachment. Also called DEPORD. See also deployment; deployment planning; prepare to deploy order.
  • deployment planning  - Operational planning directed toward the movement of forces and sustainment resources from their original locations to a specific operational area for conducting the joint operations contemplated in a given plan. See also deployment; deployment order; prepare to deploy

  244   order.

  • deportable alien  - alien in and/ or admitted to the United States that is subject to a ground(s) of removal of the Immigration and Nationality Act.
  • deportation  - removal of a person from the host country by the legal and/ or political authorities of that country, usually through a formal proceeding.
  • depositary  - A Federal Reserve Bank or branch, foreign and commercial bank in the banking system authorized by Treasury to receive deposits and issue and draw payments.
  • deposit-in-transit  - A deposit made by the cashier into a USDO depository which is not yet reflected on the cashiers accountability documents from the USDO. Also called DIT.
  • deposition  - The testimony of a person, whether a party or not (often referred to as a deponent), given under oath or affirmation before a designated or appointed individual other than the judge, jury, or other body that will adjudicate the claim, in response to questions, oral or written, by a party to the litigation, and recorded for later use - A deposition is usually recorded in writing but is sometimes videotaped or tape recorded, where not prohibited by host country law.
  • depot  - 1. supply — An activity for the receipt, classification, storage, accounting, issue, maintenance, procurement, manufacture, assembly, research, salvage, or disposal of material. 2. personnel — An activity for the reception, processing, training, assignment, and forwarding of personnel replacements.
  • deprecated  - In the context of this document, deprecated is used in its specific technical meaning to describe a feature that has been phased out or is in the process of being phased out, and/ or is no longer recommended for usage.
  • depreciated actual cost  - of a vessel- (A) if the vessel was not reconstructed or reconditioned, the actual cost of the vessel depreciated on a straight line basis over the useful life of the vessel as determined by the Secretary or Administrator, not to exceed 25 years from the date of delivery by the builder; or (B) if the vessel was reconstructed or reconditioned, the sum of—(i) the actual cost of the vessel depreciated on a straight line basis from the date of delivery by the builder to the date of the reconstruction or reconditioning, using the original useful life of the vessel, and from the date of the reconstruction or reconditioning, using a useful life of the vessel determined by the Secretary or Administrator; and (ii) any amount paid or obligated to be paid for the reconstruction or reconditioning, depreciated on a straight line basis using a useful life of the vessel determined by the Secretary or Administrator.
  • depreciated value  - The decreased value of an item or article due to age or usage.
  • depreciation  - a charge to current operations that distributes the cost of a tangible capital asset, less estimated residual value, over the estimated useful life of the asset in a systematic and logical manner. It does not involve a process of valuation. Useful life refers to the prospective period of economic usefulness in a particular contractor’s operations as distinguished from physical life; it is evidenced by the actual or estimated retirement and replacement practice of the contractor.
  • depreciation  - The allocation of the cost of an asset over a period of time for accounting and tax purposes and also a decline in the value of property due to general wear and tear or obsolescence.
  • depreciation  - The decline in the value of a capital asset. Depreciation represents a cost of ownership and the consumption of an asset’s useful life.

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  • depressive disorder  - a mental or brain disorder relating to depression, including major depression, bipolar disorder, and related mood disorders.
  • deputy or assistant positions  - those positions second in the line of command, which share fully with the principal in carrying out all phases of the work of the organization, and act with full responsibility and authority for the work. The distinction between deputy and assistant is merely a titling practice and has no classification significance.
  • derivative classification  - incorporating, paraphrasing, restating, or generating in a new form information that is already classified, and marking the newly developed material consistent with the classification markings that applies to the source information.
  • derivative classification  - the incorporating, paraphrasing, restating, or generating in new form information that is already classified, and marking the newly developed material consistent with the classification markings that apply to the source information. Derivative classification includes the classification of information based on classification guidance. The duplication or reproduction of existing classified information is not derivative classification.
  • derivative classification  - The incorporating, paraphrasing, restating, or generating in new form, information that is already classified, and marking the newly-developed material consistent with the classification markings that apply to the source information. Derivative classification includes the classification of information based on classification guidance. The duplication or reproduction of existing classified information is not derivative classification.
  • derivatives clearing organization  – in general, a clearinghouse, clearing association, clearing corporation, or similar entity, facility, system, or organization that, with respect to an agreement, contract, or transaction: (i) enables each party to the agreement, contract, or transaction to substitute, through novation or otherwise, the credit of the derivatives clearing organization for the credit of the parties; (ii) arranges or provides, on a multilateral basis, for the settlement or netting of obligations resulting from such agreements, contracts, or transactions executed by participants in the derivatives clearing organization; or (iii) otherwise provides clearing services or arrangements that mutualize or transfer among participants in the derivatives clearing organization the credit risk arising from such agreements, contracts, or transactions executed by the participants. Does not include organizations that provide for: (i) settlement, netting, or novation of obligations resulting from agreements, contracts, or transactions, on a bilateral basis and without a central counterparty; (ii) settlement or netting of cash payments through an interbank payment system; or (iii) settlement, netting, or novation of obligations resulting from a sale of a commodity in a transaction in the spot market for the commodity.
  • derogatory information  - information which potentially justifies unfavorable suitability, fitness, or security adjudication such information may prompt a request for additional investigation or clarification for resolution of an issue.
  • desalination or desalting  - the use of any process or technique for the removal and, when feasible, adaptation to beneficial use, of organic and inorganic elements and compounds from saline or biologically impaired waters, by itself or in conjunction with other processes.
  • descriptive literature  - information provided by an offeror, such as cuts, illustrations, drawings, and brochures, that shows a product’s characteristics or construction of a product or explains its operation. The term includes only that information needed to evaluate the acceptability of the product and excludes other information for operating or maintaining the product.
  • deserted, desertion  - that a child’s parent has willfully forsaken the child and has refused to carry out parental rights and obligations and that, as a result, the child has become a ward of a competent authority in accordance with the laws of the Convention country. b. In the context of orphan

adoption cases, desertion means that the parent(s) has willfully forsaken the child and has refused to carry out normal parental rights and obligations and that, as a result, the child has become a ward of a competent authority in accordance with the laws of the foreign-sending country. Desertion does not mean that the parent(s) has disappeared, but rather that he and/ or she refuses to carry out his or her parent rights and obligations towards the child. Desertion differs from abandonment in that the parent(s) has not taken steps to divest him or herself of parental duties, but that the parent's inaction has caused a local authority to step in and assume custody of the child.

  • desiccant  - any substance or mixture of substances intended for artificial accelerating the drying of plant tissue.
  • design basis threat  - The threat against which buildings and other structures must be protected and upon which the protective system’s design is based. Also called DBT.
  • design control activity  - the systems command of a military department that is specifically responsible for ensuring the airworthiness of an aviation system or equipment, or the seaworthiness of a ship or ship equipment, in which such item is to be used.
  • design interface  - family of activities introduced early in the life cycle intended to ensure a system (or equipment) is developed (or selected if a commercial or non-developmental item) to reduce the logistics burden/ footprint while simultaneously meeting critical performance characteristics.
  • design projects  - projects that assist minority institutions that do not have their own appropriate resources or personnel to plan and develop long-range science improvement programs.
  • designated cyber and information technology range  - the National Cyber Range, the Joint Information Operations Range, the Defense Information Assurance Range, and the C4 Assessments Division of J6 of the Joint Staff.
  • designated depositary  - A United States or foreign commercial bank or banking institution which has been designated by the Secretary of the Treasury as an official depositary to hold U.S. Government (USG) funds for the account of the United States.
  • designated employment category  - A designation established by the Bureau of Human Resources (HR ) denoting an occupational group, position, set of duties and responsibilities, and/ or geographic location for which the Department has experienced or is experiencing difficulty recruiting qualified employees or in the case of a retention allowance is based upon a special need that makes it essential to retain the employees services.
  • designated foreign government  - a foreign government that the Secretary of State has determined has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism.
  • designated housing  - Under the single real property manager (SRPM) concept, the only designated housing units are the residences for the ambassador (chief of mission (COM)), deputy chief of mission (DCM), consul general (CG) when also assigned as principal officer (PO), U.S. representative to an international organization abroad when also assigned as PO, and Marine security guards.
  • designated official  - The highest ranking resident official of the primary occupant Federal department or agency, or, alternatively, a resident in the facility who is selected by mutual agreement of resident department and agency officials. For General Services Administration (GSA)-owned and -leased facilities. Also called DO.
  • designated operational area  - a geographic area designated by the combatant commander or subordinate

  247 joint force commander for the conduct or support of specified military operations. CH A )

  • designated terminal  - the home or away-from-home terminal for the assignment of a particular crew.
  • designation, cashier  - The official document authorizing the cashier to handle official money including the authorized maximum amount and other requirements or limitations. It is signed and dated by both the cashier and American cashier supervisor.
  • design-basis threat  - profile of the type, composition, and capabilities of an adversary.
  • design-to-cost  - a concept that establishes cost elements as management goals to achieve the best balance between life-cycle cost, acceptable performance, and schedule. Under this concept, cost is a design constraint during the design and development phases and a management discipline throughout the acquisition and operation of the system or equipment.
  • desired perception  - In military deception, what the deception target must believe for it to make the decision that will achieve the deception objective.
  • desired point of impact  - A precise point, associated with a target and assigned as the impact point for a single unitary weapon to create a desired effect. Also called DPI. See also aimpoint.
  • desk top systems  - Typically, personal computer hardware, software, and other peripheral devices, that users have on their desks.
  • desktop browser  - A suite of programs located in a desktop PC that allows both viewing and navigation from one node on the Internet or OpenNet, to another.
  • desktop system  - Typically, personal computer hardware, software, and other peripheral devices, that users have on their desks.
  • destination rate  - The per diem rate applicable to the next location where the employee will perform temporary duty or where the employee makes an en route stopover to obtain overnight lodging.

destruction- (A) the demolishment of such munitions or agents by incineration or by any other means; or (B) the dismantling or other disposal of such munitions or agents so as to make them useless for military purposes and harmless to human beings under normal circumstances.

  • destruction  - The complete elimination of the record, through such means as burning or shredding.
  • destructive substance  - an explosive substance, flammable material, infernal machine, or other chemical, mechanical, or radioactive device or matter of a combustible, contaminative, corrosive, or explosive nature.
  • detail  - The temporary loan of your services to an international organization during which time you retain your status as a Department employee.
  • detail personnel  - temporary assignment of an employee to a different position for a specified period, with the employee returning to their regular duties at the end of the assignment.
  • detail assignment  - An assignment to a position outside the Department where you retain your status as a Department employee.

  248  

  • detailed project report  - a report for a project not specifically authorized by Congress in law or otherwise that determines the feasibility of the project with a level of detail appropriate to the scope and complexity of the recommended solution and sufficient to proceed directly to the preparation of contract plans and specifications. The term includes any associated environmental impact statement and mitigation plan. For a project for which the Federal cost does not exceed $1,000,000, the term includes a planning and design analysis document.
  • detailee  - an employee of an agency of the United States Government on assignment or loan to the Mansfield Center for Pacific Affairs without a change of position from the agency by which he or she is employed.
  • detailee  - employee on temporary assignment to another position for a specific period.
  • detainee  - Any person captured, detained, or otherwise under the control of Department of Defense personnel.
  • detainee  - Any person captured, detained, or otherwise under the control of Department of Defense personnel.
  • detainee collection point  — A facility or other location where detainees are assembled for subsequent movement to a detainee holding area. Also called DCP.
  • detainee debriefing  - The process of using direct questions to elicit intelligence information from a cooperative detainee to satisfy intelligence requirements.
  • detainee holding area  - A facility or other location where detainees are administratively processed and provided custodial care pending disposition and subsequent release, transfer, or movement to a theater detention facility. Also called DHA.
  • detainee operations  — A broad term that encompasses the capture, initial detention and screening, transportation, treatment and protection, housing, transfer, and release of the wide range of persons who could be categorized as detainees.
  • detection  - 1. In tactical operations, the perception of an object of possible military interest but unconfirmed by recognition. 2. In surveillance, the determination and transmission by a surveillance system that an event has occurred. 3. In arms control, the first step in the process of ascertaining the occurrence of a violation of an arms control agreement. 4. In chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear environments, the act of locating chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear hazards by use of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear detectors or monitoring and/ or survey teams. See also hazard.
  • detection agent  - any one of the substances when introduced into a plastic explosive or formulated in such explosive as a part of the manufacturing process in such a manner as to achieve homogeneous distribution in the finished explosive, including — (1) Ethylene glycol dinitrate (EGDN), C2H4(NO3)2, molecular weight 152, when the minimum concentration in the finished explosive is 0.2 percent by mass;
(2) 2,3-Dimethyl-2,3-dinitrobutane (DMNB), C6H12(NO2)2, molecular weight 176, when the minimum concentration in the finished explosive is 0.1 percent by mass;
(3) Para-Mononitrotoluene (p-MNT), C7H7NO2, molecular weight 137, when the minimum concentration in the finished explosive is 0.5 percent by mass;
(4) Ortho-Mononitrotoluene (o- MNT), C7H7NO2, molecular weight 137, when the minimum concentration in the finished explosive is 0.5 percent by mass; and
(5) any other substance in the concentration specified by the Attorney General, after consultation with the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense, that has been added to the table in part 2 of the Technical Annex to the Convention on the Marking of

  249 Plastic Explosives.

  • detection technology  - electronic and/ or mechanical means used to assist in the discovery and identification of anomalies or the presence of property or person that may pose a threat or are not in compliance with law.
  • deteriorated paint  - any interior or exterior paint that is peeling, chipping, chalking or cracking or any paint located on an interior or exterior surface or fixture that is damaged or deteriorated.
  • deteriorated paint  - paint that is cracking, flaking, chipping, peeling, or otherwise separating from its substrate.
  • determinations and findings  - Written approval by an authorized official that is required by statute or regulation as a prerequisite to taking certain contracting actions.
  • deterrence  - The prevention of action by the existence of a credible threat of unacceptable counteraction and/ or belief that the cost of action outweighs the perceived benefits.
  • deterrent  - measure that discourages an action or prevents an occurrence by instilling fear, doubt, or anxiety.
  • deterrent options  - A course of action, developed on the best economic, diplomatic, and military judgment, designed to dissuade an adversary from a current course of action or contemplated operations.
  • detonating cord  - waterproof, flexible fabric tube containing a high explosive designed to transmit the detonation wave.
  • detonator  - any device containing a detonating charge that is used for initiating detonation in an explosive; the term includes, but is not limited to, electric blasting caps of instantaneous and delay types, blasting caps for use with safety fuses and detonating-cord delay connectors.
  • detrimental activity  - endeavor that (1) relates to terrorism; (2) presents some other threat to homeland security; or (3) unlawfully interferes with the authorized missions of the Department, including its Components.
  • developed  - a purposeful modification of land, or an interest in land, from its original state that effectuates a condition of gainful and productive present use without further substantial modification. Any such modification shall be performed by the Native individual or Native Corporation. Surveying, construction of roads, providing utilities, or other similar actions, which are normally considered to be component parts of the development process but do not create the condition described in the preceding sentence, shall not constitute a developed state within the meaning of this clause. In order to terminate the exemptions listed in paragraph (1), land, or an interest in land, must be developed for purposes other than exploration, and the exemptions will be terminated only with respect to the smallest practicable tract actually used in the developed state. Any lands previously developed by third-party trespassers shall not be considered to have been.
  • developed countries  - countries so designated by the President.
  • developer  - entity charged with providing a product or system that meets the sponsor’s requirements as specified in the operational requirements document (ORD). 
  • developing country  - a country designated as a developing country by the Trade Representative.
  • developing country  - a country that has a shortage of foreign exchange earnings and has difficulty meeting all of its food needs through commercial channels.

developing country with a tropical forest- (A)(i) a country that has a per capita income of $725 or less in 1994 United States dollars (commonly referred to as ‘‘low-income country’’), as determined and adjusted on an annual basis by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development in its World Development Report; or (ii) a country that has a per capita income of more than $725 but less than $8,956 in 1994 United States dollars (commonly referred to as ‘‘middle-income country’’), as determined and adjusted on an annual basis by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development in its World Development Report; and (B) a country that contains at least one tropical forest that is globally outstanding in terms of its biological diversity or represents one of the larger intact blocks of tropical forests left, on a regional, continental, or global scale.

  • developing or transitional country  - a country eligible to receive development assistance under this chapter.
  • development  - any or all undertakings necessary for planning, land acquisition, demolition, construction, or equipment, in connection with a low-income housing project.
  • development  - systematic application of knowledge toward the production of useful materials, devices, and systems or methods that leverage the results of applied research activities includes: validation and demonstration of a chosen technology in laboratory, representative and operational environments, improving on research prototypes, integration into systems and subsystems, addressing manufacturing, productability and sustainability needs, and independent operational test and evaluation.
  • development  - the phase of a program following the formulation phase and beginning with the approval to proceed to implementation.
  • development  - The systematic use of knowledge and understanding gained from research, directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems, or methods, including design and development of prototypes and processes.
  • development  - those activities which take place following discovery of minerals in paying quantities, including geophysical activity, drilling, platform construction, and operation of all onshore support facilities, and which are for the purpose of ultimately producing the minerals discovered.
  • development assistance  - Programs, projects, and activities carried out by the United States Agency for International Development that improve the lives of the citizens of developing countries while furthering United States foreign policy interests in expanding democracy and promoting free market economic growth.
  • Development Association  - the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
  • development cost  - costs incurred by a public housing agency in such undertakings and their necessary financing (including the payment of carrying charges), and in otherwise carrying out the development of such project, but does not include the costs associated with the demolition of or remediation of environmental hazards associated with public housing units that will not be replaced on the project site, or other extraordinary site costs as determined by the Secretary. Construction

  251 activity in connection with a low-income housing project may be confined to the reconstruction, remodeling, or repair of existing buildings.

  • development cost  - the total of all costs, including construction of facilities and civil servant costs, from the period beginning with the approval to proceed to implementation through the achievement of operational readiness, without regard to funding source or management control, for the life of the program.
  • development cost  - the total of all costs, including construction of facilities and civil servant costs, from the period beginning with the approval to proceed to implementation through the achievement of operational readiness, without regard to funding source or management control, for the life of the program.
  • development network  - A dedicated standalone network comprised of not more than fifteen user accounts and used exclusively for developing websites and local applications.
  • development objective  - the most ambitious result that a USAID operating unit, along with its partners, can materially affect, and for which it is willing to be held accountable. A DO is a results statement, in other words, it is a problem solved.
  • development phase  - project execution phase that occurs once a project development approach has been formally approved.
  • development unit  - a part of a project which, for purposes of orderly engineering or reclamation development, is designated as a development unit by order of the Secretary.
  • Development/ Modernization/ Enhancement contract  - A contract that provides for the development, modernization or enhancement of a new or existing information technology system. Also called DME contract.
  • developmental test  - testing used to assist in the development and maturation of products, product elements, or manufacturing or support processes.

developmental test and evaluation- (A) the testing of a capability or asset and the subsystems of the capability or asset to determine whether they meet all contractual performance requirements, including technical performance requirements, supportability requirements, and interoperability requirements and related specifications; and (B) the evaluation of the results of such testing.

  • developmental test and evaluation  - test and evaluation used to assist in the development and maturation of products, product elements, or manufacturing or support processes.
  • device  - any instrument or contrivance (other than a firearm) which is intended for trapping, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest or any other form of plant or animal life (other than man and other than bacteria, virus, or other microorganism on or in living man or other living animals); but not including equipment used for the application of pesticides when sold separately therefrom.
  • devise  - An old legal term that is generally used to refer to real estate left to someone under the terms of a will, or to the act of leaving such real estate. In some states devise now applies to any kind of property left by a will, making it identical to the term bequest.
  • devisee  - A person to whom property is devised or given by a will.
  • devolution  - The capability to transfer authority and responsibility for essential functions from a departments/ agency’s primary operating staff and facilities to other department/ agency personne and facilities, and to sustain that operational capability for an extended period. FAM 414 )
  • DHS federal action  - plan, project, program, policy, rule, regulation, procedure, or legislative proposal subject to DHS's control and responsibility not included within this definition are purely administrative actions where DHS has no authority.
  • DHS Information Sharing Environment  - mission, processes, and supporting core capabilities that facilitate the sharing of terrorism information, homeland security information, and homeland security-related information both within the Department and between the Department and external entities.
  • DHS Intelligence Enterprise  - primary organizational mechanism for the integration and management of the Department’s intelligence programs, projects, and activities, led by the CINT and consisting of the CIPs of DHS Intelligence Components led by the Chief Intelligence Officer (CINT) and consisting of the Component Intelligence Programs (CIPs) of DHS Intelligence Components.
  • DHS Lexicon  - repository of organized terms (acronyms, words, compound words, and phases) providing a single, explicit and context driven definition for each word or phrase and, if necessary, extended definitions and supporting annotations.
  • DHS mission area  - enterprise-wide missions with associated goals and objectives that tell in detail what it means to prevent, to protect, to respond, and to recover, as well as to build in security, to ensure resilience, and to facilitate customs and exchange.
  • DHS mobile application  - native software application that is developed by, on behalf of, or in coordination with DHS for use on a mobile device (e.g., phone or tablet) by the public and/ or DHS employees.
  • DHS National Operations Center  - 24/ 7/ 365 multi-agency operations center that serves as the primary national-level hub for situational awareness, common operating picture, information fusion, information sharing, communications, and operations coordination pertaining to the prevention of terrorist attacks and incident management.
  • DHS Operational Component  - Department of Homeland Security Component with specific centralized program responsibility for directly achieving one or more of the Department's mission activities includes: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), U.S. Secret Service (USSS) and Transportation Security Administration (TSA).
  • DHS strategic plan  - written guidance that establishes the goals and objectives for DHS and outlines the strategies to achieve those goals and objectives produced every four years and aligned with the Government Performance and Results Act Modernization Act.
  • DHS Support Component  - Department of Homeland Security Component that generally provides specific assistance and/ or guidance to other DHS Components and/ or external organizations includes: Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman (CISOMB), Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC), Intergovernmental Affairs, Management (MGMT), Military Advisor’s Office (MIL), National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) , Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (CRCL), Office of Intelligence and Analysis (I&A), Office of Health Affairs (OHA), Office of Inspector General (OIG), Office of Legislative Affairs (OLA), Office of Operations Coordination (OPS), Office of Policy (PLCY), Office of Public Affairs (OPA), Office of the Chief Financial Officer (CFO), Office of the Executive Secretary (ESEC), Office of the General Counsel (OGC), Privacy Office (PRIV), and

  253 Science and Technology (S&T).

  • dialysis pilot program  - the pilot demonstration program approved by the Under Secretary of Veterans Affairs for Health in August 2010 and by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs in September 2010 to provide dialysis care to patients at certain outpatient facilities operated by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
  • different campus  - a site of an institution of higher education that (A) is geographically apart from the main campus of the institution; (B) is permanent in nature; and (C) offers courses in educational programs leading to a degree, certificate, or other recognized educational credential.
  • different population  - a group of individuals that an eligible entity desires to serve through an application for a grant under this division, and that (A) is separate and distinct from any other population that the entity has applied for a grant under this division to serve; or (B) while sharing some of the same needs as another population that the eligible entity has applied for a grant under this division to serve, has distinct needs for specialized services.
  • digital and wireless networking technology  - computer and communications equipment and software that facilitates the transmission of information in a digital format.
  • digital imaging  - a process that converts paper documents to electronic format. The images are commonly stored on magnetic or optical media (such as CD-ROMs, backup drives or tapes) or reside on servers.
  • digital imaging system  - video system in which a digital video signal travels from the camera and can be viewed by any authorized user at or away from a protected premises.
  • digital learning  - any instructional practice that effectively uses technology to strengthen a student's learning experience and encompasses a wide spectrum of tools and practices, including (A) interactive learning resources, digital learning content (which may include openly licensed content), software, or simulations, that engage students in academic content; (B) access to online databases and other primary source documents; (C) the use of data and information to personalize learning and provide targeted supplementary instruction; (D) online and computer-based assessments; (E) learning environments that allow for rich collaboration and communication, which may include student collaboration with content experts and peers; (F) hybrid or blended learning, which occurs under direct instructor supervision at a school or other location away from home and, at least in part, through online delivery of instruction with some element of student control over time, place, path, or pace; and (G) access to online course opportunities for students in rural or remote areas.
  • digital ortho imagery  - georeferenced images of the Earth's surface, collected by a sensor in which image object displacement has been removed for sensor distortions and orientation, and terrain relief. For very large surface areas, an Earth curvature correction may be applied. Digital orthoimages encode the optical electromagnetic spectrum as discrete values modeled in an array of georeferenced pixels. Digital orthoimages have the geometric characteristics of a map, and image qualities of a photograph.
  • digital signature  - A digital signature is an application of technology for signing an electronic message that ordinarily provides the highest degree of assurance for identifying the signer. Digital signatures are a subset of electronic signatures, but unlike other electronic signatures, digital signatures are cryptographically derived, i.e., backed by a process such as a public key infrastructure (PKI).
  • digital signature  - An asymmetric key operation where the private key is used to digitally sign an electronic document and the public key is used to verify the signature. Digital signatures provide authenticity protection and integrity protection. (See electronic signature. )

  254  

  • digital storage media  - Flash media (e.g., universal serial bus (USB) thumb drives, digital Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) Audio Layer 3 (mp3) recorder/ player), hard disk drives, compact disc-recordable (CD-R) disks, CD-rewritable (CD-RW) disks, digital video disc-recordable (DVD- R) disks, DVD-rewritable (DVD-RW) disks, and any other removable or non-removable items that can store information or data.
  • digital storage media  - Flash media (e.g., universal serial bus (USB) thumb drives, digital Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) Audio Layer 3 (mp3) recorder/ player), hard disk drives, compact disc-recordable (CD-R) disks, CD-rewritable (CD-RW) disks, digital video disc-recordable (DVD- R) disks, DVD-rewritable (DVD-RW) disks, and any other removable or non-removable items that can store information or data.
  • digital video conference  - A full motion video-teleconference program that enables U.S. and foreign participants on both sides to see and talk with each other in real time. Also called DVC.
  • digitized Signature  - A graphical image of a handwritten signature, not to be confused with a digital signature.
  • diploma mill  - an entity that (A)(i) offers, for a fee, degrees, diplomas, or certificates, that may be used to represent to the general public that the individual possessing such a degree, diploma, or certificate has completed a program of postsecondary education or training; and (ii) requires such individual to complete little or no education or coursework to obtain such degree, diploma, or certificate; and (B) lacks accreditation by an accrediting agency or association that is recognized as an accrediting agency or association of institutions of higher education by (i) the Secretary; or (ii) a Federal agency, State government, or other organization or association that recognizes accrediting agencies or associations.
  • diploma school of nursing  - a school affiliated with a hospital or university, or an independent school, which provides primarily or exclusively a program of education in professional nursing and allied subjects leading to a diploma or to equivalent indicia that such program has been satisfactorily completed, but only if such program, or such affiliated school or such hospital or university or such independent school is accredited.
  • diplomatic intelligence support center  - an entity to which employees of the various elements of the intelligence community are detailed for the purpose of providing analytical intelligence support that—
(A) consists of intelligence analyses on military or political matters and expertise to conduct limited assessments and dynamic taskings for a chief of mission; and
(B) is not intelligence support traditionally provided to a chief of mission by the Director of National Intelligence.
  • diplomatic pouch or bag  - A sealed, opaque container which, (1) Must bear visible external marks of its character; (2) May contain only diplomatic documents or articles intended for official use; and (3) May not be opened or detained.
  • Diplomatic Security control officer  - An individual in Office of the Diplomatic Courier Service (DS/ C/ DC) who oversees the shipment of controlled/ unclassified, unpouched material from the Department to its posts worldwide. The DSCO must remain with the assigned material until it is delivered or properly secured in temporary storage. Also called DSCO.
  • Diplomatic Telecommunications Service Network  - A system of interconnected secure data and voice circuits supporting foreign affairs agency headquarters in Washington, D.C., and U.S. diplomatic missions abroad. All Department of State telecommunications circuits are integrated into the DTS network. Also called DTS Network.
  • Diplomatic Telecommunications Service Program Office  - A program office established by Congress in March 1992 to provide telecommunications services for all U.S. Government activities conducted

  255 out of diplomatic and consular establishments abroad. Also called DTS-PO. FAH‐2 H‐114 )

  • diplomatic visa  - a nonimmigrant visa bearing that title and issued to a nonimmigrant in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary of State may prescribe.
  • direct acquisition  - a type of interagency acquisition where a requesting agency places an order directly against a servicing agency’s indefinite-delivery contract. The servicing agency manages the indefinite-delivery contract but does not participate in the placement or administration of an order.
  • direct action  - Short-duration strikes and other small-scale offensive actions conducted as a special operation in hostile, denied, or diplomatically sensitive environments and which employ specialized military capabilities to seize, destroy, capture, exploit, recover, or damage designated targets. Also called DA. See also special operations; special operations forces.
  • direct air support center  - The principal air control agency of the United States Marine Corps air command and control system responsible for the direction and control of air operations directly supporting the ground combat element. Also called DASC. See also Marine air command and control system; tactical air operations center.
  • direct air support center (airborne)  - An airborne aircraft equipped with the necessary staff personnel, communications, and operations facilities to function as a direct air support center. Also called DASC(A). See also direct air support center.
  • direct carbon emissions  - the quantity of direct greenhouse gas emissions from a vehicle, as determined by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
  • direct charging  - Costs associated with the provision of goods and/ or services outside ICASS that are identified and charged to the fiscal data of a single agency. To be a candidate for billing by direct charge, a task or service should be- (1) Clearly separable as a distinct activity; (2) Easy to price accurately without extensive accounting analysis; (3) Mutually agreed to by both the customer and service provider; and (4) A service that is outside or beyond the scope of the posts ICASS MOU and the cost of which is not already included in the posts ICASS budget. Where a cost meets all of the above criteria, direct charging is the preferred method for billing.
  • direct consequence  - effect that is an immediate result of an event, incident, or occurrence.
  • direct cost  - any cost that is identified specifically with a particular final cost objective. Direct costs are not limited to items that are incorporated in the end product as material or labor. Costs identified specifically with a contract are direct costs of that contract. All costs identified specifically with other final cost objectives of the contractor are direct costs of those cost objectives.
  • direct cost  - any cost which is identified specifically with a particular final cost objective. Direct costs are not limited to items which are incorporated in the end product as material or labor. Costs identified specifically with a sponsored agreement are direct costs of that sponsored agreement. All costs identified specifically with other final cost objectives of the educational institution are direct costs of those cost objectives.
  • direct current  - electric current that flows through a circuit in just one direction.
  • direct deposit instructions  - The employee must provide the following information when submitting information to the payroll office- (1) For Receiving Bank Name, use the word - TREASURYDIRECT; (2) Show the ABA/ RTN number as - 051736158; (3) For the account number, the employee uses the TreasuryDirect account number provided to him or her, followed by

  256   the letter P and without hyphens if using the Payroll Savings Plan. (For example - A123456789P); and (4) For the type of account, the employee can choose either a checking or savings account; either type of account works for the TreasuryDirect system.

  • direct fire  - Fire delivered on a target using the target itself as a point of aim for either the weapon or the director.
  • direct health care  - health care provided to a beneficiary in a medical facility operated by the Department of Veterans Affairs or the Department of Defense.
  • direct investment  - the ownership or control, directly or indirectly, by one person of 10 per centum or more of the voting securities of an incorporated business enterprise or an equivalent interest in an unincorporated business enterprise.
  • Direct Inward System Access  - A feature that allows selected users to remotely access a PBX by dialing a particular gateway number. The PBX will answer and prompt for a security code. Authorized users are able to use selected system resources such as voice mail, internal dialing, and authorized trunk services. Also called DISA.

direct labor- (A) includes all work required for preparation, processing, and packing of a product, or work directly relating to the performance of a service; but
(B) does not include supervision, administration, inspection, or shipping.

  • direct labor  - Manpower resources dedicated to performing the requirements of the solicitation and labor for supervision and management related support to the tender (e.g., MEO) such as labor for quality control.
  • direct liaison authorized  - That authority granted by a commander (any level) to a subordinate to directly consult or coordinate an action with a command or agency within or outside of the granting command. Also called DIRLAUTH.
  • direct loan  - a disbursement of funds by the Government to a non-Federal borrower under a contract that requires the repayment of such funds with or without interest. The term includes the purchase of, or participation in, a loan made by another lender and financing arrangements that defer payment for more than 90 days, including the sale of a government 1 asset on credit terms. The term does not include the acquisition of a federally guaranteed loan in satisfaction of default claims or the price support loans of the Commodity Credit Corporation.
  • direct loan obligation  - a binding agreement by a Federal agency to make a direct loan when specified conditions are fulfilled by the borrower.
  • direct medical expenses  - medical program expenses associated with a particular employee or eligible family member that are chargeable to the employing agency responsible for the employee or eligible family member. Such expenses include, but are not limited to - Hospitalization and related outpatient expenses of employees and eligible family members; Medical evacuation travel expenses of employees and eligible family members, travel expenses of medical and nonmedical attendants and expenses for contractual services of medevac attendants; and Examination and immunization expenses when such examinations and immunizations are required by the medical program and provided by private entities or U.S. Government entities other than the Office of Medical Services (MED) or Department of State health units.
  • direct route  - The usually traveled route consistent with the most expeditious mode of transportation and the established scheduled services of contract and other common carriers.

  257

direct savings- (A) in the case of a Federal intergovernmental mandate, means the aggregate estimated reduction in costs to any State, local, or tribal government as a result of compliance with the Federal intergovernmental mandate; and (B) in the case of a Federal private sector mandate, means the aggregate estimated reduction in costs to the private sector as a result of compliance with the Federal private sector mandate.

  • direct solar renewable energy  - energy from a device that converts sunlight into useable light within a building, tunnel, or other enclosed structure, replacing artificial light generated by a light fixture and doing so without the conversion of the sunlight into another form of energy.

direct spending- (A) budget authority provided by law other than appropriation Acts; (B) entitlement authority; and (C) the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.

  • direct support  - A mission requiring a force to support another specific force and authorizing it to answer directly to the supported force’s request for assistance. Also called DS. See also close support; general support; mission; mutual support; support.
  • direct threat  - a significant risk to the health or safety of others that cannot be eliminated by reasonable accommodation.
  • direct travel  - Official travel from authorized origin to authorized destination that uses the mode of travel authorized in the orders and consistent with the established scheduled services of contract and other common carriers.
  • directed assignment  - An assignment made by the Director General (DG) relying on the overall authority he or she exercises on delegation from the Under Secretary for Management.
  • directed energy  - An umbrella term covering technologies that relate to the production of a beam of concentrated electromagnetic energy or atomic or subatomic particles. Also called DE. See also directed-energy device; directed-energy weapon.
  • directed-energy device  - A system using directed energy primarily for a purpose other than as a weapon. See also directed energy; directed-energy weapon.
  • directed-energy warfare  - Military action involving the use of directed-energy weapons, devices, and countermeasures. Also called DEW. See also directed energy; directed-energy device; directed- energy weapon; electromagnetic spectrum; electronic warfare.
  • directed-energy weapon  - A weapon or system that uses directed energy to incapacitate, damage, or destroy enemy equipment, facilities, and/ or personnel. See also directed energy; directed-energy device.
  • direction finding  - A procedure for obtaining bearings of radio frequency emitters by using a highly directional antenna and a display unit on an intercept receiver or ancillary equipment. Also called DF.
  • directional effect charge  - main charge configuration where the explosive effect is channeled to an intended area.
  • directive DHS Directives System  - document that briefly and broadly articulates DHS policies, missions, programs, or activities of a continuing nature that are required or authorized by statute, rulemaking, the President, or the Secretary to initiate, govern or regulate actions or conduct by DHS Components, officers, and employees.

  258  

  • directive authority for logistics  - Combatant commander authority to issue directives to subordinate commanders to ensure the effective execution of approved operation plans, optimize the use or reallocation of available resources, and prevent or eliminate redundant facilities and/ or overlapping functions among the Service component commands. Also called DAFL. See also combatant command (command authority); logistics.
  • Directive/ Instruction  - Other Implementing Document Originator - author of a Directive, Instruction, and/ or other implementing documents.
  • Directives Management  - For purposes of this subchapter Directives Management or DIR means A/ GIS/ DIR. GIS is Global Information Services. Also called DIR.
  • directly  - a transfer of merchandise or an article from one person to another person without any intermediate transfer.
  • directly affected employees  - Civilian employees whose work is being competed in a streamlined or standard competition.
  • directly affected government personnel  - Government personnel whose work is being competed in a streamlined or standard competition.
  • directly associated cost  - any cost which is generated solely as a result of the incurrence of another cost, and which would not have been incurred had the other cost not been incurred.
  • directly interested party  - The agency tender official who submitted the agency tender; a single individual appointed by a majority of directly affected employees as their agent; a private sector offeror; or the official who certifies the public reimbursable tender.
  • Directly Observed Treatment Short-course  - the World Health Organization-recommended strategy for treating tuberculosis including — (A) low-cost and effective diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of tuberculosis; (B) a reliable drug supply; (C) a management strategy for public health systems; (D) health system strengthening; (E) promotion of the use of the International Standards for Tuberculosis Care by all care providers; (F) bacteriology under an external quality assessment framework; (G) short-course chemotherapy; and (H) sound reporting and recording systems. Also called DOTS.
  • director  - any director of a corporation, or any individual performing similar functions with respect to any organization whether incorporated or unincorporated.
  • director  - The Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Diplomatic Security and Director, DS/ DSS. The DSS Director can designate another official to perform any responsibility or function under this policy.
  • Director General  - The DG of the Foreign Service and Director of Human Resources (DGHR) or the HR deputy assistant secretary (DAS) to whom he or she has delegated decision-making authority. Also called DG.
  • director of mobility forces  - The designated agent for all air mobility issues in the area of responsibility or joint operations area, exercising coordinating authority between the air operations center (or appropriate theater command and control node), the 618 Air Operations Center (Tanker Airlift Control Center), and the joint deployment and distribution operation center or joint movement center, in order to expedite the resolution of air mobility issues. Also called DIRMOBFOR. See also air operations center; coordinating authority.

  259

  • directory mail  - Mail that is undeliverable as addressed, because of an incomplete or incorrect mailing address or the addressee is no longer at Post.
  • directory service  - Procedures for developing and maintaining postal directory files and processing undeliverable as addressed mail.
  • disability  - a condition of an individual that is considered to be a disability or handicap for the purposes of any Federal law other than this chapter or for the purposes of the law of the State in which the individual resides.
  • disability  - a disease, injury, or other physical or mental defect.
  • disability  - a licensed medical doctor or licensed psychiatrist must provide documentation that the physical or mental impairment of the principal applicant meets the definition of the term disability in the Americans with Disability Act. A disability is defined as a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individual.
  • disability  - A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of an individual; a record of such an impairment; or being regarded as having such an impairment.
  • disability  - For claims filed on or after July 1965, disability means the inability to engage in substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death, or has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months. For widows and widowers, the disability must begin within a certain prescribed period.
  • disability  - incapacity because of injury to earn the wages which the employee was receiving at the time of injury in the same or any other employment; but such term shall mean permanent impairment, determined (to the extent covered thereby) under the guides to the evaluation of permanent impairment promulgated and modified from time to time by the American Medical Association, in the case of an individual.
  • disabled employee parking  - parking for individuals formally designated as disabled employees by proper DHS authority and directive and for the term specified in their certification disability is defined as a substantial limitation in a major life activity by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and includes: a) using a wheelchair, a cane, crutches or a walker; b) difficulty performing one or more functional activities (seeing, hearing, speaking, lifting/ carrying, using stairs, walking or grasping small objects); and/ or c) difficulty with one or more activities of daily living (getting in or out of bed or a chair, bathing, dressing, eating, toileting, getting around inside the home).

disabled veteran- (A) a veteran who is entitled to compensation under laws administered by the Secretary for a disability rated at 30 percent or more, or (B) a veteran whose discharge or release from active duty was for a disability incurred or aggravated in line of duty.

  • disadvantaged business concerns  - small businesses that are owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.
  • disadvantaged community  - the service area of a public water system that meets affordability criteria established after public review and comment by the State in which the public water system is located. The Administrator may publish information to assist States in establishing affordability criteria.

  260  

  • disallowances  - Amounts subtracted from voucher amounts to reflect administrative decisions not to pay the entire amount claimed. Disallowances may result from nonperformance, improper performance, improper billings, insufficient proof of performance, offset of a debt, etc.

disallowed costs -- An incurred cost questioned by the audit organization that management has agreed should not be charged to the Government.

  • disallowed costs  - Those charges to an award that the Federal awarding agency determines to be unallowable, in accordance with the applicable Federal cost principles or other terms and conditions contained in the award.
  • disallowed costs  - those charges to an award that the Federal awarding agency determines to be unallowable, in accordance with the applicable Federal cost principles or other terms and conditions contained in the award.
  • disappeared, disappearance  - that a child’s parent has unaccountably or inexplicably passed out of the child's life so that the parents whereabouts are unknown, there is no reasonable expectation of the parents reappearance, and there has been a reasonable effort to locate the parent as determined by a competent authority in accordance with the laws of the Convention country. However, a stepparent who is deemed to be a child’s legal parent may be found to have disappeared if it is established that the stepparent never knew (1) of the child’s existence, or (2) of the stepparents legal relationship to the child. b. In the context of orphan adoption cases, disappearance means that the parent(s) has unaccountably or inexplicably passed out of the child's life; his or her or their whereabouts are unknown; there is no reasonable hope of reappearance; and there has been a reasonable effort to locate them as determined by a competent authority in accordance with the laws of the foreign- sending country.
  • disarmament  - The reduction of a military establishment to some level set by international agreement. See also arms control agreement.
  • disaster area  - an area in which the President has declared a major disaster during the period of such declaration.
  • disaster area  - an area that has suffered or in which has occurred an emergency or disaster.
  • disaster assistance response team  - A team deployed by the United States Agency for International Development, if a large-scale, urgent, and/ or extended response is necessary, to provide specialists to assist the chief of mission and the United States Agency for International Development mission (where present) with the management of the United States Government response to a disaster. Also called DART. See also foreign disaster; foreign disaster relief.
  • disaster assistance response team  - A team of specialists, trained in a variety of disaster relief skills, rapidly deployed to assist US embassies and United States Agency for International Development missions with the management of US Government response to disasters. Also called DART. See also foreign disaster; foreign disaster relief.
  • disaster county  - a county included in the geographic area covered by a qualifying natural disaster declaration.
  • disaster or emergency  - a major disaster or emergency, as declared by the President, that results in severe adverse effects for a substantial number of employees (e.g., loss of life or property, serious injury, or mental illness as a result of a direct threat to life or health).
  • disaster recovery center  - A facility established in a centralized location within or near the disaster area

  261 at which disaster victims (individuals, families, or businesses) apply for disaster aid. Also called DRC. FEMA, NRF, Glossary )

  • disaster recovery plan  - A written plan for recovering one or more information systems at an alternate facility in response to a major hardware or software failure or destruction of facilities.
  • disaster recovery plan  - The detailed plan for restoring operations in CGFS financial service centers is rendered inoperable because of fire, natural disaster, acts of war, or other violence.
  • Disaster Response Registry  - a voluntary registry of contractors who are willing to perform debris removal, distribution of supplies, reconstruction, and other disaster or emergency relief activities established in accordance with the Registry of Disaster Response Contractors. The Registry contains information on contractors who are willing to perform disaster or emergency relief activities within the United States and its outlying areas. The Registry is accessed via https:/ / www.acquisition.gov and alternately through the FEMA website at http:/ / www.fema.gov/ business/ index.shtm.
  • disbursement  - A payment in currency, check, or electronic funds transfer.
  • discarded military munitions  - military munitions that have been abandoned without proper disposal or removed from storage in a military magazine or other storage area for the purpose of disposal. The term does not include unexploded ordnance, military munitions that are being held for future use or planned disposal, or military munitions that have been properly disposed of, consistent with applicable environmental laws and regulations.
  • discharge  - A release of a debtor from personal liability for a debt or, in the context of compromise, part of a debt.
  • discharge  - any emission (other than natural seepage), intentional or unintentional, and includes, but is not limited to, spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping.
  • discharge  - any release however caused from a cruise vessel, and includes any escape, disposal, spilling, leaking, pumping, emitting, or emptying.
  • discharge  - any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying or dumping.
  • discharge  - dismiss from employment.
  • discharge  - spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping, however caused.
  • discharge material  - release of a liquid, gas, or other object or substance includes actions of spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping.

discharge of a pollutant and discharge of pollutants- (A) any addition of any pollutant to navigable waters from any point source, (B) any addition of any pollutant to the waters of the contiguous zone or the ocean from any point source other than a vessel or other floating craft. discharge or release- (A) retirement from the active military, naval, or air service, and (B) the satisfactory completion of the period of active military, naval, or air service for which a person was obligated at the time of entry into such service in the case of a person who, due to enlistment or reenlistment, was not awarded a discharge or release from such period of service at the time of such completion thereof and who, at such time, would otherwise have been eligible for the award of a   262   discharge or release under conditions other than dishonorable.

  • discharge permit water  - permit authorizing discharge of treated wastewater or storm water into the waters of the United States or to a publicly owned treatment works (POTW).
  • discharged  - released from an appointment as a Reserve officer.
  • disciplinary action  - Action against an employee in the form of a reprimand, suspension, or separation for cause.
  • disclose  - to communicate, provide, impart, transmit, transfer, convey, publish, or otherwise make available.
  • disclosure  - Providing information from a system of records, by any means, to anyone other than the individual by whose name or other identifier the record is retrieved.
  • disclosure  - transmission, communication, sharing or passing of any information includes to any federal, state, local, tribal, or territorial government, private sector entity, or any foreign government, foreign person, or international organization.
  • discount date  - date by which, if payment is made, a specified discount can be taken.
  • discount rate  - The interest rate used in calculating the present value of expected yearly benefits and costs.
  • discountfactor  - The factor that translates expected benefits or costs in any given future year into present value terms. The discount factor is equal to 1/ (1 + i)t where i is the interest rate and t is the number of years from the date of initiation for the program or policy until the given future year.
  • discovery  - Discovery is the process used by a party in a legal proceeding to obtain relevant information, or information reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of relevant information, held solely by the opposing party that is relevant to the proceeding. Responses to discovery requests require identifying, locating, securing and producing information and materials responsive to the discovery request. The term discovery is also commonly used to describe the process of reviewing all materials that may be potentially relevant to the issues at hand and/ or that may need to be disclosed to other parties, and of evaluating evidence to prove or disprove facts, theories or allegations.
  • discovery  - Pretrial procedures that can be used by one party to obtain facts and information about the case from the other party or from third parties in order to assist the party’s preparation for trial.
  • discovery clandestine surveillance  - finding of a clandestine technical surveillance device.
  • discrete segment  - unit of capability defined by the DHS Component that is part of a larger effort (e.g., a release of a system, etc.) and can be measured for its outcome against pre-defined objectives or goals.
  • discretion  - Use of judgment based on knowledge, training, available tools, and experience to make a sound and reasonable decision within the bounds of law, regulation, and Department policy. Use of discretion is frequently indicated when policy and procedures do not provide explicit directions specific to an adjudicative circumstance.
  • discretionary  - that a system of graduated sanctions is not required to be imposed by each and every

  263 juvenile court in a State or unit of local government. HUD/ EPA/ FEMA, US Code 42, §3796ee–2 )

  • discretionary appropriations  - budgetary resources (except to fund direct-spending programs) provided in appropriation Acts.
  • discretionary category  - all discretionary appropriations.
  • discussions  - Discussions are negotiations conducted in a competitive acquisition. Discussions take place after establishment of the competitive range.
  • disease and nonbattle injury  - All illnesses and injuries not resulting from enemy or terrorist action or caused by conflict. Also called DNBI.
  • disengagement  - The act of geographically separating the forces of disputing parties.
  • disinterested party  - A person with no stake in the outcome of the action for which the testimony is sought, and unconnected with the parties or witnesses.
  • dislocated civilian  — A broad term primarily used by the Department of Defense that includes a displaced person, an evacuee, an internally displaced person, a migrant, a refugee, or a stateless person. Also called DC. See also displaced person; evacuee; internally displaced person; migrant; refugee; stateless person.
  • dispatching service employee  - an operator, train dispatcher, or other train employee who by the use of an electrical or mechanical device dispatches, reports, transmits, receives, or delivers orders related to or affecting train movements.
  • dispense  - to deliver a controlled substance to an ultimate user by, or pursuant to the lawful order of, a practitioner, irrespective of whether the dispenser uses the Internet or other means to effect such delivery.
  • dispenser  - a physician, pharmacist, or other person that dispenses a controlled substance to an ultimate user.
  • dispersal  - Relocation of forces for the purpose of increasing survivability.
  • dispersal airfield  - An airfield, military or civil, to which aircraft might move before H-hour on either a temporary duty or permanent change of station basis and be able to conduct operations. See also airfield.
  • dispersion  - 1. The spreading or separating of troops, materiel, establishments, or activities, which are usually concentrated in limited areas to reduce vulnerability. 2. In chemical and biological operations, the dissemination of agents in liquid or aerosol form. 3. In airdrop operations, the scatter of personnel and/ or cargo on the drop zone. 4. In naval control of shipping, the reberthing of a ship in the periphery of the port area or in the vicinity of the port for its own protection in order to minimize the risk of damage from attack.
  • displaced adult  - an individual 21 years of age or older who is displaced from the habitual residence of that individual as a result of a declared event.
  • displaced child  - an individual under 21 years of age who is displaced from the habitual residence of that

  264   individual as a result of a declared event. US Code 6, §774 )

  • displaced Employee  - A current career or career conditional competitive service employee in tenure group 1 or 2, at grade levels GS-15 or equivalent and below, who has received a specific reduction in force (RIF) separation notice or notice of proposed removal for declining a directed reassignment or transfer of function outside of the local commuting area; A current Executive Branch agency employee in the excepted service, serving on an appointment without time limit, at grade levels GS- 15 or equivalent and below, who has been given noncompetitive appointment eligibility and selection priority by statute for positions in the competitive service, and who is in receipt of a reduction in force (RIF) separation notice or notice of proposed removal for declining a transfer of function or directed reassignment outside the local commuting area.

displaced person- (i) any person who moves from real property, or moves his personal property from real property—(I) as a direct result of a written notice of intent to acquire or the acquisition of such real property in whole or in part for a program or project undertaken by a Federal agency or with Federal financial assistance; or (II) on which such person is a residential tenant or conducts a small business, a farm operation, or a business, as a direct result of rehabilitation, demolition, or such other displacing activity as the lead agency may prescribe, under a program or project undertaken by a Federal agency or with Federal financial assistance in any case in which the head of the displacing agency determines that such displacement is permanent; and (ii) any person who moves from real property, or moves his personal property from real property — (I) as a direct result of a written notice of intent to acquire or the acquisition of other real property, in whole or in part, on which such person conducts a business or farm operation, for a program or project undertaken by a Federal agency or with Federal financial assistance; or (II) as a direct result of rehabilitation, demolition, or such other displacing activity as the lead agency may prescribe, of other real property on which such person conducts a business or a farm operation, under a program or project undertaken by a Federal agency or with Federal financial assistance where the head of the displacing agency determines that such displacement is permanent.

  • displaced person  - A broad term used to refer to internally and externally displaced persons collectively. See also evacuee; refugee.
  • displacement switch  - switch that utilizes a jug or other container, with two contacts, one fixed and one floating substance dissipates or fills the container, meet and complete the circuit.
  • displacing agency  - any Federal agency carrying out a program or project, and any State, State agency, or person carrying out a program or project with Federal financial assistance, which causes a person to be a displaced person.
  • display  — In military deception, a static portrayal of an activity, force, or equipment intended to deceive the adversary’s visual observation.
  • disposable earnings  - that part of earnings remaining after all deductions required by law have been withheld.
  • disposable pay  - the amount equal to the excess of the amount of basic pay or retired pay, as the case may be, payable for the pay period over the total of the amounts deducted and withheld from such pay.
  • disposable retired pay  - the total monthly retired pay to which a member is entitled less amounts which — (A) are owed by that member to the United States for previous overpayments of retired pay and for recoupments required by law resulting from entitlement to retired pay; (B) are deducted from the retired pay of such member as a result of forfeitures of retired pay ordered by a court- martial or as a result of a waiver of retired pay required by law in order to receive compensation; (C) in the case of a member entitled to retired pay, are equal to the amount of retired pay of the member

  265 under that chapter computed using the percentage of the member's disability on the date when the member was retired (or the date on which the member's name was placed on the temporary disability retired list); or (D) are deducted because of an election to provide an annuity to a spouse or former spouse to whom payment of a portion of such member's retired pay is being made pursuant to a court order.

  • disposal  - Any authorized method of permanently divesting the control of and responsibility for property.
  • disposal  - process of discarding includes the costs of disposing of the prime equipment after its useful life.
  • disposal  - the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any solid waste or hazardous waste into or on any land or water so that such solid waste or hazardous waste or any constituent thereof may enter the environment or be emitted into the air or discharged into any waters, including ground waters.
  • disposal/ inactivation cost  - sum of the costs of disposing of the prime equipment after its useful life.
  • disposition  - The actions taken regarding records no longer needed in current office space. These actions include transfer to the Records Service Center or the Washington National Records Center, transfer to another federal agency, transfer of permanent records to the National Archives, and destruction of temporary records.
  • disposition of remains  - The method of disposition of the deceased which will include one of the following - local interment, preparation of the remains and air shipment to a designated area in the United States, cremation and local disposition of the ashes, or cremation and air shipment of the ashes to a designated area in the United States.
  • disposition of remains report  - The triennial report submitted to the Department setting forth the local requirements and costs for interment, cremation, embalming, preparation and shipment of the remains, exhumation and bereavement/ mourning customs.
  • disposition privacy threshold analysis  - document prepared by the program/ system manager prior to a program or system being discontinued, decommissioned, or retired includes a description of the affected system/ program and the plan for effectively handling, protecting, and (if applicable) disposing of the personally identifiable information it contains.
  • disposition report  - Official written correspondence relating to the determination of a charge or other legal or management action that influences the final outcome in a pending case or action.
  • dispute  - A disagreement between the cardholder and the supplier and the bank regarding items appearing on the cardholders monthly statement of account. Disputes must be filed within 90 days from the date that the dispute first appeared on the cardholder's statement of account. All disputes must be filed using the card providers dispute form.
  • disqualification rate  - the percentage which — (A) the total number of nationals of the program country who were — (i) denied admission at the time of arrival or withdrew their application for admission during the most recent fiscal year for which data are available; and (ii) admitted as nonimmigrant visitors during such fiscal year and who violated the terms of such admission; bears to (B) the total number of nationals of such country who applied for admission as nonimmigrant visitors during such fiscal year.
  • disruptive event  - occurrence, caused by either human action or natural phenomena, that may cause harm

  266   and that may require action incident].Lexicon, Terms )

  • disseminate and communicate  - ability to coordinate and share information (controlling both the sending of the information itself and the feedback)includes intelligence at the appropriate levels and among stakeholders with the appropriate clearance levels and a valid need in order to inform decision-makers.
  • dissemination  - the government-initiated distribution of information to a nongovernment entity, including the public. The term ‘dissemination,’ does not include distribution limited to Federal Government employees, intra- or interagency use or sharing of Federal information, and responses to requests for agency records under the Freedom of Information Act.
  • dissemination and integration  - In intelligence usage, the delivery of intelligence to users in a suitable form and the application of the intelligence to appropriate missions, tasks, and functions. See also intelligence process.
  • dissemination matrix  - document used by fusion center personnel to ensure the proper review, handling, and dissemination of products identifies fusion center customers, classification, and handling caveats; details peer and supervisory reviews; and identifies the dissemination method for each fusion center product type.
  • dissemination rules  - Settings that distribute messages to users based on logical expressions of the Departments business rules. They allow messages to be distributed to necessary recipients through derived addresses rather than only to direct addresses.
  • distance education  - education that uses one or more of the technologies (i) to deliver instruction to students who are separated from the instructor; and (ii) to support regular and substantive interaction between the students and the instructor, synchronously or asynchronously.  
  • distant retirement area  - In amphibious operations, the sea area located to seaward of the landing area to which assault ships may retire and operate in the event of adverse weather or to prevent concentration of ships in the landing area. See also amphibious operation; landing area.
  • distortion  - a subsidy.
  • distracted driving  - Inattention that occurs when a driver diverts attention away from the task of operating a vehicle to focus on another activity. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) categorizes distracted driving in the three basic subcategories of visual, manual, and cognitive distractions.
  • distressed person  - An individual who requires search and rescue assistance to remove he or she from life-threatening or isolating circumstances in a permissive environment.
  • distributed denial of service  - A denial of service technique that uses numerous hosts to perform the attack.
  • distributed system  - A multi-computer (e.g., workstation, terminal, server) system where more than one computer shares common system resources. The computer systems are connected to the control unit/ data storage element through communication lines.
  • distributee  - A person entitled to share in the distribution of an estate pursuant to a statute of distribution, rather than pursuant to a will.

  267

  • distribution  — 1. The arrangement of troops for any purpose, such as a battle, march, or maneuver. 2. A planned pattern of projectiles about a point. 3. A planned spread of fire to cover a desired frontage or depth. 4. An official delivery of anything, such as orders or supplies. 5. The operational process of synchronizing all elements of the logistic system to deliver the “right things” to the “right place” at the “right time” to support the geographic combatant commander. 6. The process of assigning military personnel to activities, units, or billets.
  • distribution factor  - A unit of measure used to distribute the cost of a service. Typical distribution factors include kilometers driven, gross square meters occupied, number of US direct hires, number of leases maintained, etc.
  • distribution manager  - The executive agent for managing distribution with the combatant commander’s area of responsibility. See also area of responsibility; distribution.
  • distribution pipeline  - Continuum or channel through which the Department of Defense conducts distribution operations, representing the end-to-end flow of resources from supplier to consumer and, in some cases, back to the supplier in retrograde activities. See also distribution.
  • distribution plan  - A reporting system comprising reports, updates, and information systems feeds that articulate the requirements of the theater distribution system to the strategic and operational resources assigned responsibility for support to the theater. See also distribution; distribution system; theater distribution; theater distribution system.
  • distribution point  - A point at which supplies and/ or ammunition, obtained from supporting supply points by a division or other unit, are broken down for distribution to subordinate units.
  • distribution system  - That complex of facilities, installations, methods, and procedures designed to receive, store, maintain, distribute, and control the flow of military materiel between the point of receipt into the military system and the point of issue to using activities and units.
  • distribution utility  - an electric utility that has a service obligation to end-users or to a State utility or electric cooperative that, directly or indirectly, through one or more additional State utilities or electric cooperatives, provides electric service to end-users.
  • distributor  - a person or entity engaged in the distribution of drugs, biologics, or devices, including but not limited to manufacturers; repackers; common carriers; contract carriers; air carriers; own-label distributors; private-label distributors; jobbers; brokers; warehouses, and wholesale drug warehouses; independent wholesale drug traders; and retail pharmacies.
  • district  - any individual or any legal entity established under State law which has entered into a contract or is eligible to contract with the Secretary for irrigation water.
  • district court  - a United States district court, the District Court of Guam, the District Court of the Virgin Islands, and the highest court of American Samoa.
  • district court of the United States  - the courts of the United States for the Territories and possessions of the United States.
  • district energy systems  - systems providing thermal energy from a renewable energy source, thermal energy source, or highly efficient technology to more than 1 building or fixed energy-consuming use from 1 or more thermal-energy production facilities through pipes or other means to provide space heating, space conditioning, hot water, steam, compression, process energy, or other end uses for that energy.

  268  

  • disturbance trigger  - victim operated trigger that senses when objects or their wrappings are moved or disturbed, initiating a firing device sensitive mechanisms such as tilt, anti-lift, and trembler switches may be used.
  • diversion  - 1. The act of drawing the attention and forces of an enemy from the point of the principal operation; an attack, alarm, or feint that diverts attention. 2. A change made in a prescribed route for operational or tactical reasons that does not constitute a change of destination. 3. A rerouting of cargo or passengers to a new transshipment point or destination or on a different mode of transportation prior to arrival at ultimate destination. 4. In naval mine warfare, a route or channel bypassing a dangerous area by connecting one channel to another or it may branch from a channel and rejoin it on the other side of the danger. See also demonstration.
  • diverting environmental sustainability  - process of redirecting materials that might otherwise be placed in the waste stream to recycling or recovery excludes diversion to waste-to-energy facilities.
  • divestiture  - An agency’s decision to eliminate a government requirement for a commercial activity. No service contract or fee-for-service agreement exists between the agency and the private sector after a divestiture. By divesting of a commercial activity, an agency elects not to control the activity and cedes ownership and control of the activity’s associated assets (e.g., equipment, facilities, property) and resources (agency manpower and budgeting for the activity). The agency has no role in the financial support, management, regulation, or oversight of a divested activity. Moving, transferring, or converting a commercial activity from government performance to private sector or public reimbursable performance is not a divestiture.
  • division  - The partition of an incident into geographical areas of operation. Divisions are established when the number of resources exceeds the manageable span of control of the Operations Chief. A Division is located within the Incident Command System organization between the Branch and resources in the Operations Section.
  • division of a project  - any part of a project designated as a division by order of the Secretary or any phase or feature of project operations given a separate designation as a division by order of the Secretary for the purposes of orderly and efficient administration.
  • DNA analysis  - analysis of the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) identification information in a bodily sample.
  • DNA sample  - a tissue, fluid, or other bodily sample of an individual on which a DNA analysis can be carried out.
  • do not admit list  - comprehensive list maintained by a local facility security office of personnel that have been denied access or have had access revoked to a campus, facility, or building.
  • Doctorate Degree Equivalent  - normally required by the specialty, the alien must possess such a degree. Note that DHS will not consider a combination of education and experience to be equivalent to a doctorate.
  • doctrine  - authoritative statement of one or more guiding principles.
  • doctrine  - Fundamental principles by which the military forces or elements thereof guide their actions in support of national objectives. It is authoritative but requires judgment in application. See alsomultinational doctrine; joint doctrine.
  • doctrine  - policies, practices, purposes, aims, or procedures.

  269 §1101 )

  • document  - Any recorded information regardless of its physical form or characteristics, including, without limitation, written or printed material; data processing cards and tapes; maps; charts; paintings; drawings; engravings; sketches; working notes and papers; reproductions of such things by any means or process; and sound, voice, or electronic recordings in any form.
  • document  - any recorded information, regardless of the nature of the medium or the method or circumstances of recording.
  • documentarily qualified  - that the alien has reported that all the documents specified by the consular officer as sufficient to meet the requirements of INA have been obtained, and the consular office has completed the necessary clearance procedures. This term is used only with respect to the alien's qualification to apply formally for an immigrant visa; it bears no connotation that the alien is eligible to receive a visa.
  • documentary material  - the original or any copy of any book, record, report, memorandum, paper, communication, tabulation, chart, or other document.
  • documented vessel  - any vessel of the United States that has been issued a certificate of documentation that might include a register, enrollment, license, or enrollment and license for various trades.
  • dog fur  - the pelt or skin of any animal of the species Canis familiaris.
  • dog or cat fur product  - any item of merchandise which consists, or is composed in whole or in part, of any dog fur, cat fur, or both.
  • doing business  - the regular, systematic, and continuous provision of goods and/ or services by a firm, corporation, or other entity and does not include the mere presence of an agent or office.
  • domain knowledge  - knowledge associated with a specific discipline or area of work is influenced by the facts, concepts, procedures, and cognition required of the discipline or area of work.
  • domain names  - The plain-language address that points to a numeric internet protocol (IP) address. A fully qualified domain name includes a top-level, second-level, and third-level component. Domain name structure is- (1) Top-level - The extension or country code located at the right of the domain name. Top-level domain names that do not include a country code are assumed to be in the United States. Examples - .gov for government, .fr for France; (2) Second-level - The top-level combined with a name which describes the company or organization. Example - state.gov; (3) Third-level - The second-level combined with the name of the host server where web-based services can be located. Examples - www.state.gov identifies the web server at the Department of State within the Federal government; www2.state.gov might identify a second web server in the Department of State; and (4) Sub-domain - A further division of the second-level. Example - webx.irm.state.gov points to a host server named webx on subdomain irm of domain state.gov.
  • domestic  - Domestic field offices of U.S. Government agencies in the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and all territories and possessions of the United States.
  • domestic  - Stateside; Department of State offices in the United States.
  • domestic article  - an article wholly or in part the growth or product of the United States.

  270  

  • domestic cashier  - a domestic cashier means a Class A or B cashier of the Department of State who has been appropriately designated by CGFS/ DO and operates in the United States. A domestic cashier performs all transactions in U.S. dollars and is not authorized to make accommodation exchanges. A domestic cashier is an accountable officer under authorities delegated to CGFS/ DO, even when the employee is supervised by a domestic or consular bureau officer. Advances to domestic cashiers must be charged to a Department of State appropriation when the cashier is established.
  • domestic controlled access area  - Spaces within domestic Department of State facilities accredited by DS/ APD for classified discussions and closed storage up to and including Top Secret-level information and automated information systems (AIS) at the Secret level. Only employees with at least a Secret security clearance are authorized to work in these spaces. Visitors without a national security clearance must be escorted.
  • domestic counterterrorism  - measures, offensive and defensive, for the prevention and interdiction of terrorist activity within the United States primarily offensive in nature including use of investigations, prosecutions, screening, disrupting enemy communications, etc.
  • domestic court  - a Federal court of the United States, or a court of any State or territory of the United States or of the District of Columbia.
  • domestic court  - a Federal court or a court of any State.
  • Domestic Director of National Intelligence Representative  - Director of National Intelligence (DNI ) designee who serve as principal field advisor for Intelligence Community matters, as conduit between the DNI and field Intelligence Community elements, and as the DNI’s personal representative to the senior field representatives of each Intelligence Community element within their area of responsibility.
  • domestic emergencies  - Civil defense emergencies, civil disturbances, major disasters, or natural disasters affecting the public welfare and occurring within the United States and its territories. See also natural disaster.
  • Domestic Employees Teleworking Overseas  - A U.S. government direct-hire employee assigned to a domestic State Department position, teleworking from an overseas location for a limited period of time. Although the teleworker is not assigned or detailed to the overseas location, the DETOs duty station will be temporarily changed to reflect the overseas alternate worksite for the duration of the DETO arrangement. A DETO is distinct from a Limited Noncareer Appointment (LNA) or a Hard- to-Fill arrangement. A DETO may be sponsored or independent. A sponsored DETO is on the USG orders of a spouse or partner assigned abroad whereas an independent DETO is not on the orders of a USG spouse or partner. The Department does not allow independent DETOs, but some other Executive Branch agencies may. Also called DETO.
  • domestic field offices  - Department of State offices located anywhere in the United States authorized to conduct official business.
  • domestic fleet management  - Provides motor vehicle services to Department offices in the continental United States.
  • domestic industrial base  - domestic sources which are providing, or which would be reasonably expected to provide, materials or services to meet national defense requirements during peacetime, national emergency, or war.
  • Domestic Information Systems Security Officer  - The DISSO provides desktop security support and fulfills Information Systems Security Officer (ISSO) responsibilities with regard to maintaining

  271 requirements for all desktops and providing desktop security guidance to all users within bureaus that have fully consolidated as defined in by the respective Master Service Level Agreement (SLA) for each consolidated bureau and ISSO appointment memo. Also called DISSO. FAM 814 )

  • domestic intelligence  - Intelligence relating to activities or conditions within the United States that threaten internal security and that might require the employment of troops; and intelligence relating to activities of individuals or agencies potentially or actually dangerous to the security of the Department of Defense.
  • domestic like product  - a product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation under this subtitle.
  • domestic like product  - a product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation under this subtitle.
  • Domestic Nuclear Detection Office  - Department of Homeland Security Support Component responsible to improve the Nation’s capability to detect and report unauthorized attempts to import or use nuclear or radiological material against the Nation.
  • domestic partner  - A domestic partner for purposes of this subchapter means a domestic partner.
  • domestic partner  - An adult in a committed relationship with another adult, including both same-sex and opposite-sex relationships.
  • domestic partner  - an adult in a committed relationship with another adult, including both same-sex and opposite-sex relationships. Employees need not complete Form DS-7669, Affidavit Pursuant to Declaring Domestic Partner Relationship, to be eligible to take leave based on such relationships.
  • domestic product  - a product—(1) that is manufactured or produced in the United States; and(2) at least 50 percent of the cost of the articles, materials, or supplies of which are mined, produced, or manufactured in the United States.
  • domestic readiness group  - An interagency body convened on a regular basis to develop and coordinate preparedness, response, and incident management policy. This group evaluates various policy issues of interagency importance regarding domestic preparedness and incident management and makes recommendations to senior levels of the policymaking structure for decision. During an incident, the DRG may be convened by the Department of Homeland Security to evaluate relevant interagency policy issues regarding response and develop recommendations as may be required. Also called DRG.
  • domestic source  - a business concern—
(A) that performs in the United States or Canada substantially all of the research and development, engineering, manufacturing, and production activities required of such business concern under a contract with the United States relating to a critical component or a critical technology item; and (B) that procures from business concerns described in subparagraph (A) substantially all of any components and assemblies required under a contract with the United States relating to a critical component or critical technology item.
  • domestic strongroom  - An area approved by the DS Office of Information Security's Program Applications division chief (DS/ IS/ APD) for open storage of collateral-level classified national security information. Approval will be limited to cases where the volume or size of the classified information, or nature of the classified operation, precludes storage within the closed storage containers.

  272  

  • domestic terrorism  - act of unlawful violence that is dangerous to human life or potentially destructive of critical infrastructure or key resources committed by a group or person based and operating entirely within the United States or its territories without direction or inspiration from a foreign terrorist group is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any state or other subdivision of the United States and appears to be intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion, or to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping.
  • domestic terrorism  - activities that—
(A) involve acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State; (B) appear to be intended—
(i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
(ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or
(iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and (C) occur primarily within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States.
  • domestic violence  - any act or threat of imminent violence against a victim (other than a child) that results or threatens to result in physical or mental injury to the victim that is committed by a - Spouse or former spouse of the victim; Person with whom the victim shares a child in common; Person who is co-habitating with or has co-habitated with the victim; Person residing in the household; or Any person who has a relationship with the victim and has access to the victims household.
  • domestic voyage  - movement of a vessel between places in, or subject to the jurisdiction of, the United States, except movement between—(A) a place in a territory or possession of the United States or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands; and(B) a place outside that territory, possession, or Trust Territory.
  • domestic wastewater  - wastewater that contains human wastes and wastewater from food preparation, laundry, bathing, and similar activities.
  • domiciliary care  - care provided to a patient in an institution or homelike environment because — (A ) providing support for the activities of daily living in the home is not available or is unsuitable; or (B) members of the patient's family are unwilling to provide the care.
  • domiciliary care  - necessary medical services and travel and incidental expenses.
  • dominant user  - The Service or multinational partner who is the principal consumer of a particular common-user logistic supply or service within a joint or multinational operation and will normally act as the lead Service to provide this particular common-user logistic supply or service to other Service components, multinational partners, other governmental agencies, or nongovernmental agencies as directed by the combatant commander. See also common-user logistics; lead Service or agency for common-user logistics.
  • donation  - The authorized transfer of temporary records from a Federal agency to an eligible person, organization, institution, corporation, or government (including a foreign government) after the authorized retention period has expired.
  • doppler effect  - change in the frequency of a wave, as a light wave or sound wave, resulting from relative motion of the source and the receiver.
  • double agent  - Agent in contact with two opposing intelligence services, only one of which is aware of the double contact or quasi-intelligence services. Also called DA.
  • double container  - A 9.8125 feet by 8 feet by 8 feet (2991 millimeters by 2438 millimeters by 2438 millimeters) reusable International Standards Organization compliant double container, with double

  273 doors at both ends, used for the storage, transportation, and distribution of dry cargo. Also called BICON. JP 4‐09 )

  • down syndrome  - to a chromosomal disorder caused by an error in cell division that results in the presence of an extra whole or partial copy of chromosome 21.
  • downgrade  - To determine that classified information requires, in the interests of national security, a lower degree of protection against unauthorized disclosure than currently provided, coupled with a changing of the classification designation to reflect such a lower degree.
  • downgrading  - a determination by a declassification authority that information classified and safeguarded at a specified level shall be classified and safeguarded at a lower level.
  • downgrading  - The determination that particular classified information requires a lesser degree of protection than currently provided or no protection against unauthorized disclosure. Such determination shall be by specific action or automatically after lapse of the requisite period of time or the occurrence of a specified event. If such determination is by specific action, the material shall be marked with the new designation.
  • downloading  - An operation that removes airborne weapons or stores from an aircraft.
  • downstream producer  - a firm that performs additional, value-added production processes or services directly for another firm for articles or services with respect to which a group of workers in such other firm has been certified.
  • downstream product  - any manufactured article — (A) which is imported into the United States, and (B ) into which is incorporated any component part.
  • downtime  - span of time during which something is out of action or unavailable for use.
  • drafter  - The person who actually composes written material in the form of official correspondence.
  • drafting office  - The Office responsible for final preparation of official correspondence.
  • dredged material  - any material excavated or dredged from the navigable waters of the United States.
  • drinking water  - water safe enough for consumption.
  • drinking water cooler  - any mechanical device affixed to drinking water supply plumbing which actively cools water for human consumption.
  • drinking water supply  - any raw or finished water source that is or may be used by a public water system (as defined in the Safe Drinking Water Act or as drinking water by one or more individuals.
  • driveaway saddlemount vehicle transporter combination  - a vehicle combination designed and specifically used to tow up to 3 trucks or truck tractors, each connected by a saddle to the frame or fifth-wheel of the forward vehicle of the truck or truck tractor in front of it. Such combination may include one fullmount.

  274  

  • driver's license  - a license issued by a State to any individual that authorizes the individual to operate a motor vehicle on highways.

  • driving  - Operating a motor vehicle on a roadway, including when temporarily stationary because of traffic congestion or a traffic signal, stop sign, other traffic control device, etc., with the vehicle engine running. Driving does not include being behind the wheel of a stopped vehicle in a location off of a roadway where it is safe and legal to remain stationary.
  • driving while intoxicated and driving under the influence  - driving or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having an alcohol concentration above the permitted limit as established by each State.
  • drop altitude  - The altitude above mean sea level at which airdrop is executed.
  • drop zone  - A specific area upon which airborne troops, equipment, or supplies are airdropped. Also called DZ.
  • drop-in fuel  - a neat or blended liquid hydrocarbon fuel designed as a direct replacement for a traditional fuel with comparable performance characteristics and compatible with existing infrastructure and equipment.
  • drought monitor  - a system for classifying drought severity according to a range of abnormally dry to exceptional drought, as defined by the Secretary.

drug- (1) articles recognized in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, official Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or official National Formulary, or any supplement to any of them; and (2) articles intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or other animals; and (3) articles (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals; and (4) articles intended for use as a component of any article specified in clause (1), (2), or (3); but does not include devices or their components, parts, or accessories. drug- (A) controlled substances; (B) the illegal use of alcohol or tobacco, including smokeless tobacco products and electronic cigarettes; and (C) the harmful, abusive, or addictive use of substances, including inhalants and anabolic steroids. drug and violence prevention — (A) with respect to drugs, prevention, early intervention, rehabilitation referral, recovery support services, or education related to the illegal use of drugs, such as raising awareness about the consequences of drug use that are evidence-based (to the extent a State, in consultation with local educational agencies in the State, determines that such evidence is reasonably available); and (B) with respect to violence, the promotion of school safety, such that students and school personnel are free from violent and disruptive acts, including sexual harassment and abuse, and victimization associated with prejudice and intolerance, on school premises, going to and from school, and at school-sponsored activities, through the creation and maintenance of a school environment that is free of weapons and fosters individual responsibility and respect for the rights of others.

  • drug dependent person  - a person who is using a controlled substance and who is in a state of psychic or physical dependence, or both, arising from the use of that substance on a continuous basis. Drug dependence is characterized by behavioral and other responses which include a strong compulsion to take the substance on a continuous basis in order to experience its psychic effects or to avoid the discomfort caused by its absence.
  • drug interdiction  - A continuum of events focused on interrupting illegal drugs smuggled by air, sea,

  275 or land. See also counterdrug operations.Dictionary, JP 3‐07.4 )

  • drug offense  - any criminal offense which proscribes—
(A) the possession, distribution, manufacture, cultivation, sale, transfer, or the attempt or conspiracy to possess, distribute, manufacture, cultivate, sell, or transfer any substance the possession of which is prohibited under the Controlled Substances Act; or (B) the operation of a motor vehicle under the influence of such a substance.
  • drug-free workplace  - the site(s) for the performance of work done by the contractor in connection with a specific contract where employees of the contractor are prohibited from engaging in the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession, or use of a controlled substance.
  • drug-interdiction areas  - land and sea areas in which, as determined by the Secretary, the smuggling of drugs into the United States occurs or is believed by the Secretary to have occurred.
  • drybulk carrier  - commercial vessel specially designed to transport unpackaged bulk cargo in its cargo holds includes cargo such as; grains, coal, ore, wood-chips and cement.
  • dual accountability  - responsibility shared by two persons to ensure compliance to all laws and regulations and functional excellence in carrying out assigned missions.
  • dual diagnosis  - coexisting substance abuse and mental illness conditions or diagnosis. Such clients are sometimes referred to as mentally ill chemical abusers (MICAs).
  • dual fuel vehicle  - A bi-fuel or flex fuel vehicle; by definition, both vehicle types are classified as AFVs. Also called DFV.

dual fueled vehicle- (A) dual fueled automobile, as such term is defined (B) a motor vehicle, other than an automobile, that is capable of operating on alternative fuel and is capable of operating on gasoline or diesel fuel.

  • dual tone multi frequency improvised explosive device- (See  - dual tone multi frequency improvised explosive device) Also called dual tone multi frequency IED.
  • dual tone multi frequency switch  - switch incorporating the pairing of transmitter and receiver utilizing dual tones and multiple frequency hardware that allows for precision arming and firing, thus preventing unintended firing.
  • dual use research area of concern initial review life sciences  - preliminary review of life sciences research to identify potential dual use research of concern (DURC)based on the criteria outlined in the USG DURC Policy.
  • dual use research of concern life sciences  - life sciences research that, based on current understanding, can be reasonably anticipated to provide knowledge, information, products, or technologies that could be directly misapplied to pose a significant threat with broad potential consequences to public health and safety, agricultural crops and other plants, animals, the environment, materiel, or national security.
  • dual use research of concern technical review life sciences  - detailed assessment of life sciences research objectives, procedures, processes, and resulting products conducted by S&T technical experts to determine whether the research processes and/ or deliverables should be designated as dual use research of concern (DURC).
  • dual-role tanker  - An aircraft that can carry support personnel, supplies, and equipment for the deploying force while escorting and/ or refueling combat aircraft to the area of responsibility. See

  276   also air refueling.

  • dual-use  - products, services, standards, processes, or acquisition practices, respectively, that are capable of meeting requirements for military and nonmilitary applications.
  • dual-use critical technology  - a critical technology that has military applications and nonmilitary applications.
  • dual-use material, equipment, or technology  - material, equipment, or technology that may be used in nuclear or nonnuclear applications.
  • due date  - the date by which payment is to be made. The due date should be no later than 30 days from the date the invoice is received. If a specific payment date is provided for in the contract, then such date is to be used as the due date. Payment should be made no earlier than 7 days (date a schedule is extracted for payment) prior to the due date.
  • due or entitled  - The condition where the entire proceeds of a check are due and payable to a payee or the payees estate.
  • due process  - documented and publically available policies and procedures, adequate notice of meetings and standards development, sufficient time to review drafts and prepare views and objections, access to views and objections of other participants, and a fair and impartial process for resolving conflicting views.
  • duly ordained minister of religion  - a person who has been ordained, in accordance with the ceremonial, ritual, or discipline of a church, religious sect, or organization established on the basis of a community of faith and belief, doctrines and practices of a religious character, to preach and to teach the doctrines of such church, sect, or organization and to administer the rites and ceremonies thereof in public worship, and who as his regular and customary vocation preaches and teaches the principles of religion and administers the ordinances of public worship as embodied in the creed or principles of such church, sect, or organization.
  • dummy  - See decoy.
  • dumped/ dumping  - the sale or likely sale of goods at less than fair value.
  • dumping margin  - the amount by which the normal value exceeds the export price or constructed export price of the subject merchandise.
  • duration of visit or assignment  - Duration of visit or assignment is described as short-term or long-term assignment. Short-term visits are one-time visits up to and including thirty (30) days or intermittent visits within a thirty-day period. Long-term visits are visits in excess of thirty days or short term intermittent visits occurring beyond a thirty-day period.
  • duress alarm device  - initiating device intended to enable an individual at a protected premise to indicate a hostile situation.
  • duties and other import restrictions  – (A) rate and form of import duties and classification of articles, and (B) limitations, prohibitions, charges, and exactions other than duties, imposed on importation or imposed for the regulation of imports.
  • duty  - the rate and form of any import duty, including but not limited to tariff-rate quotas.

  277 §2481 )

  • duty station  - The station to which an employee is officially assigned.
  • duty to warn  - requirement to warn U.S. and non-U.S. person of impending threats of intentional killing, serious bodily injury or kidnapping.
  • dwell time  - 1. The length of time a target is expected to remain in one location. 2. The period of time between the release from involuntary active and the reporting date for a subsequent tour of active duty pursuant to Title 10. Such time includes any voluntary active duty performed between two periods of involuntary active duty.
  • dynamic targeting  - Targeting that prosecutes targets identified too late, or not selected for action in time to be included in deliberate targeting.
  • dynamic threat assessment  — An intelligence assessment developed by the Defense Intelligence Agency that details the threat, capabilities, and intentions of adversaries in each of the priority plans in the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan. Also called DTA.
  • dynamite  - high explosive used for blasting consisting essentially of a mixture of, but not limited to, nitroglycerin, nitrocellulose, ammonium nitrate, sodium nitrate, and carbonaceous materials.
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