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  • earliest arrival date  - A day, relative to C-day, that is specified as the earliest date when a unit, a resupply shipment, or replacement personnel can be accepted at a port of debarkation during a deployment. Also called EAD. See also latest arrival date.
  • earliest retirement age  - the earliest date on which, under the plan, the participant could elect to receive retirement benefits.
  • early childhood educator  - an individual who (A) works directly with children in an eligible preschool program or eligible early childhood education program in a low-income community; (B) is involved directly in the care, development, and education of infants, toddlers, or young children age five and under; and (C) has completed a baccalaureate or advanced degree in early childhood development or early childhood education, or in a field related to early childhood education.
  • early intervention  - a strategy or approach that is intended to prevent an outcome or to alter the course of an existing condition.
  • early intervention  - to providing appropriate services for the child with hearing loss, including nonmedical services, and ensuring that families of the child are provided comprehensive, consumer- oriented information about the full range of family support, training, information services, and language and communication options and are given the opportunity to consider and obtain the full range of such appropriate services, educational and program placements, and other options for their child from highly qualified providers.
  • early intervention (e.g., nonmedical)  - providing appropriate services for the child with hearing loss and ensuring that families of the child are provided comprehensive, consumer-oriented information about the full range of family support, training, information services, communication options and are given the opportunity to consider the full range of educational and program placements and

  278   options for their child.

  • early operational assessment  - assessment that occurs before the Critical Design Review of the acquisition program generally is limited to a review of the design documentation, preliminary manning and training plans, and potentially the demonstration of technology demonstrators.
  • early plant pest detection and surveillance  - the full range of activities undertaken to find newly introduced plant pests, whether the plant pests are new to the United States or new to certain areas of the United States, before — (A) the plant pests become established; or (B) the plant pest infestations become too large and costly to eradicate or control.
  • early warning  - Early notification of the launch or approach of unknown weapons or weapons carriers. Also called EW. See also attack assessment.
  • earned value management  - A project management methodology that effectively integrates a projects scope of work with cost and schedule elements to enable optimum project planning and control. Also called EVM.
  • earned value management  - project performance-measurement technique that effectively integrates the contract’s scope of work with schedule and cost elements at the appropriate level for optimum project and program planning and control.
  • earned value management system  - a project management tool that effectively integrates the project scope of work with cost, schedule and performance elements for optimum project planning and control. The qualities and operating characteristics of an earned value management system are described in Electronic Industries Alliance Standard 748, Earned Value Management Systems.
  • earned value management system  - project-management tool that effectively integrates the project scope of work with cost, schedule, and performance elements for optimum project planning and control.
  • earnings  - compensation paid or payable for personal services, whether denominated as wages, salary, commission, bonus, or otherwise, and includes periodic payments pursuant to a pension or retirement program.
  • earth cover  - theme uses a hierarchical classification system based on observable form and structure, as opposed to function or use. This system transitions from generalized to more specific and detailed class divisions, and provides a framework within which multiple land cover and land use classification systems can be cross-referenced. This system is applicable everywhere on the surface of the Earth. This theme differs from the Vegetation and Wetlands themes, which provide additional detail.
  • e-Authentication  - Electronic authentication (e-authentication) is the process of establishing confidence in user identities presented electronically to an information system.
  • economic assistance  - assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961; relating to development assistance and assistance under Title 22; relating to the economic support fund.
  • economic benefit of the overloading  - the amount obtained by multiplying the weight of the overload (in tons) by the lesser of — (A) the average freight rate value of a ton of the vessel's cargo for the voyage; or (B) $50.
  • economic consequence  - effect of an incident, event, or occurrence on the value of property or on the production, trade, distribution, or use of income, wealth, or commodities.

  279

  • economic damage  - 
(A) the replacement costs of lost or damaged property or records, the costs of repeating an interrupted or invalidated experiment, the loss of profits, or increased costs.
  • economic development agency  - a local planning or zoning commission or board, a community development agency, or another local agency or institution responsible for regulating, promoting, or assisting in local economic development.
  • economic dispatch  - the operation of generation facilities to produce energy at the lowest cost to reliably serve consumers, recognizing any operational limits of generation and transmission facilities.
  • economic loss  - any pecuniary loss resulting from harm (including the loss of earnings or other benefits related to employment, medical expense loss, replacement services loss, loss due to death, burial costs, and loss of business or employment opportunities) to the extent recovery for such loss is allowed under applicable State law.

economic or industrial espionage- (A) stealing a trade secret or proprietary information or appropriating, taking, carrying away, or concealing, or by fraud, artifice, or deception obtaining, a trade secret or proprietary information without the authorization of the owner of the trade secret or proprietary information; (B) copying, duplicating, downloading, uploading, destroying, transmitting, delivering, sending, communicating, or conveying a trade secret or proprietary information without the authorization of the owner of the trade secret or proprietary information; or (C) knowingly receiving, buying, or possessing a trade secret or proprietary information that has been stolen or appropriated, obtained, or converted without the authorization of the owner of the trade secret or proprietary information.

  • economic self-sufficiency program  - any program designed to encourage, assist, train, or facilitate the economic independence of participants and their families or to provide work for participants, including programs for job training, employment counseling, work placement, basic skills training, education, workfare, financial or household management, apprenticeship, or other activities as the Secretary may provide.
  • economically disadvantaged women-owned small business concern  - Also called EDWOSB.
  • economy of force  - The judicious employment and distribution of forces so as to expend the minimum essential combat power on secondary efforts in order to allocate the maximum possible combat power on primary efforts.
  • ecosystem  - any terrestrial, freshwater aquatic, or coastal ecosystem, including an estuary.
  • E-day  - The day landing force personnel, supplies, and equipment begin to embark aboard amphibious warfare or commercial ships.
  • education  - formal learning process of imparting or obtaining knowledge, attitudes, skills, or socially valued qualities of character or behavior includes the philosophy, foundational theory, purposes, programs, methods, and organizational patterns of human knowledge, history, science, and art.
  • educational activities  - the operations of libraries, schools, day care centers, laboratories, and lecture and demonstration facilities.
  • educational advising  - The provision of accurate and impartial information about the U.S. system of education and opportunities for study in the United States. Advising services may include pre- departure orientations, preparation for standardized tests, and re-entry activities for returned students

  280   or scholars.

  • Educational Advising or Information Centers Abroad  - Locations outside the United States where interested parties can find information and counseling about the U.S. system of higher education and opportunities for U.S. study. These centers may be located in U.S. embassies or consulates, Fulbright Commissions, non-governmental organizations, binational centers, foreign universities, or other locations. Also called EAC/ EIC.
  • educational advising recycling program (Recycling)  - Financial mechanism by which educational advising programs located on U.S. Government property can conduct revenue-generating activities. A small portion of the revenue is returned to ECA/ A/ S/ A; the remainder is applied to offsetting the operational costs of the educational advising service.
  • educational advisors abroad  - Professionals who work at overseas advising centers abroad providing counseling services on U.S. education.
  • educational and general expenditures  - the total amount expended by an institution of higher education for instruction, research, public service, academic support (including library expenditures), student services, institutional support, scholarships and fellowships, operation and maintenance expenditures for the physical plant, and any mandatory transfers which the institution is required to pay by law.
  • educational institution  - a school or institution of higher education.
  • educational neglect  - Includes the allowance of chronic truancy, failure to enroll a child of mandatory school age in school, and failure to attend to a special educational need.
  • educational programs abroad  - programs of study, internships, or service learning outside the United States which are part of a foreign language or other international curriculum at the undergraduate or graduate education levels.
  • effect  - 1. The physical or behavioral state of a system that results from an action, a set of actions, or another effect. 2. The result, outcome, or consequence of an action. 3. A change to a condition, behavior, or degree of freedom.
  • effective date of termination  - the date on which the notice of termination requires the contractor to stop performance under the contract. If the contractor receives the termination notice after the date fixed for termination, then the effective date of termination means the date the contractor receives the notice.
  • effective United States-controlled ships  - United States-owned foreign flag ships that can be tasked by the Maritime Administration to support Department of Defense requirements when necessary. Also called EUSCS.
  • efficiency measures  - in a more advanced security program efficiency measures are used to assess the timeliness and efficiency of security control implementation.
  • effluent limitation  - any restriction established by a State or the Administrator on quantities, rates, and concentrations of chemical, physical, biological, and other constituents which are discharged from point sources into navigable waters, the waters of the contiguous zone, or the ocean, including schedules of compliance.
  • e-Government  - The use by the U.S. Government of Web-based Internet applications and other

  281 information technologies, combined with processes that implement these technologies. FAM 271.4 )

  • e-Government  - web-based Internet applications and other information technologies, combined with processes that implement these technologies, used by the Government across all agencies for the purpose of: (a) enhancing the access to and delivery of Government information and services to the public, other agencies, and other Government entities; or (b) bringing about improvements in Government operations that may include effectiveness, efficiency, service quality, or transformation.

election- (A) a general, special, primary, or runoff election;
(B) a convention or caucus of a political party which has authority to nominate a candidate;
(C) a primary election held for the selection of delegates to a national nominating convention of a political party; and
(D) a primary election held for the expression of a preference for the nomination of individuals for election to the office of President.

  • election  - an official general or special election to choose a Representative in, or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, the Congress, but that term does not include a primary election, or a caucus or convention of a political party.
  • electric cooperative  - any cooperative association eligible to receive loans.
  • electric initiator  - initiator whose functioning is started by an electrical impulse that creates heat or a spark.
  • electric motor vehicle  - a motor vehicle primarily powered by an electric motor that draws current from rechargeable storage batteries, fuel cells, photovoltaic arrays, or other sources of electric current and may include an electric-hybrid vehicle.
  • electric strike  - electro-mechanical access control device which secures or released the latch via applied current.
  • electric utility steam generating unit  - any fossil fuel fired combustion unit of more than 25 megawatts that serves a generator that produces electricity for sale. A unit that cogenerates steam and electricity and supplies more than one-third of its potential electric output capacity and more than 25 megawatts electrical output to any utility power distribution system for sale shall be considered an electric utility steam generating unit.
  • electric vehicle  - a vehicle which is powered by an electric motor drawing current from rechargeable storage batteries, fuel cells, or other portable sources of electrical current, and which may include a nonelectrical source of power designed to charge batteries and components thereof.
  • electric-hybrid vehicle  - vehicle primarily powered by an electric motor that draws current from rechargeable storage batteries, fuel cells, or other sources of electric current and also relies on a nonelectric source of power that also operates on or is capable of operating on a nonelectrical source of power.
  • electrified lockset  - lock that is controlled electrically.
  • electro-explosive device  - An explosive or pyrotechnic component that initiates an explosive, burning, electrical, or mechanical train and is activated by the application of electrical energy. Also called EED.

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  • electromagnetic battle management  - The dynamic monitoring, assessing, planning, and directing of joint electromagnetic spectrum operations in support of the commander’s scheme of maneuver. Also called EMBM.
  • electromagnetic compatibility  - The ability of systems, equipment, and devices that use the electromagnetic spectrum to operate in their intended environments without causing or suffering unacceptable or unintentional degradation because of electromagnetic radiation or response. Also called EMC. See also electromagnetic spectrum; electromagnetic spectrum management; electronic warfare.
  • electromagnetic environment  - The resulting product of the power and time distribution, in various frequency ranges, of the radiated or conducted electromagnetic emission levels encountered by a military force, system, or platform when performing its assigned mission in its intended operational environment. Also called EME.
  • electromagnetic environmental effects  - The impact of the electromagnetic environment upon the operational capability of military forces, equipment, systems, and platforms. Also called E3.
  • electromagnetic hardening  - Action taken to protect personnel, facilities, and/ or equipment by blanking, filtering, attenuating, grounding, bonding, and/ or shielding against undesirable effects of electromagnetic energy. See also electronic warfare.
  • electromagnetic interference  - Any electromagnetic disturbance, induced intentionally or unintentionally, that interrupts, obstructs, or otherwise degrades or limits the effective performance of electronics and electrical equipment. Also called EMI.
  • electromagnetic intrusion  - The intentional insertion of electromagnetic energy into transmission paths in any manner, with the objective of deceiving operators or of causing confusion. See also electronic warfare.
  • electromagnetic jamming  - The deliberate radiation, reradiation, or reflection of electromagnetic energy for the purpose of preventing or reducing an enemy’s effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum, and with the intent of degrading or neutralizing the enemy’s combat capability. See also electromagnetic spectrum; electromagnetic spectrum management; electronic warfare.
  • electromagnetic lock  - lock that uses an electrically actuated magnetic attraction to secure the door.
  • electromagnetic operational environment  - The background electromagnetic environment and the friendly, neutral, and adversarial electromagnetic order of battle within the electromagnetic area of influence associated with a given operational area. Also called EMOE.
  • electromagnetic pulse  - 1 or more pulses of electromagnetic energy emitted by a device capable of disabling or disrupting operation of, or destroying, electronic devices or communications networks, including hardware, software, and data, by means of such a pulse.
  • electromagnetic pulse  - The electromagnetic radiation from a strong electronic pulse, most commonly caused by a nuclear explosion that may couple with electrical or electronic systems to produce damaging current and voltage surges. Also called EMP. See also electromagnetic radiation.
  • electromagnetic radiation  - Radiation made up of oscillating electric and magnetic fields and propagated with the speed of light.

electromagnetic radiation hazards —Transmitter or antenna installation that generates or increases electromagnetic radiation in the vicinity of ordnance, personnel, or fueling operations in excess of   283 established safe levels. JP 3‐13.1 )

  • electromagnetic spectrum  - The range of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation from zero to infinity. It is divided into 26 alphabetically designated bands. See also electronic warfare.
  • electromagnetic spectrum control  - The coordinated execution of joint electromagnetic spectrum operations with other lethal and nonlethal operations that enable freedom of action in the electromagnetic operational environment. Also called EMSC.
  • electromagnetic spectrum management  - Planning, coordinating, and managing use of the electromagnetic spectrum through operational, engineering, and administrative procedures. See also electromagnetic spectrum.
  • electromagnetic vulnerability  - The characteristics of a system that cause it to suffer a definite degradation (incapability to perform the designated mission) as a result of having been subjected to a certain level of electromagnetic environmental effects. Also called EMV.
  • electronic agent  - a computer program or an electronic or other automated means used independently to initiate an action or respond to electronic records or performances in whole or in part without review or action by an individual at the time of the action or response.
  • electronic and information technology  - information technology and any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment, that is used in the creation, conversion, or duplication of data or information. The term electronic and information technology includes, but is not limited to, telecommunications products (such as telephones), information kiosks and transaction machines, World Wide Web sites, multimedia, and office equipment such as copiers and fax machines. The term does not include any equipment that contains embedded information technology that is used as an integral part of the product, but the principal function of which is not the acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information. For example, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) equipment such as thermostats or temperature control devices, and medical equipment where information technology is integral to its operation, is not information technology. Also called EIT.
  • electronic and information technology  - has the same meaning as “information technology” but also includes any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment that is used in the creation, conversion, or duplication of data or information. The term EIT, includes, but is not limited to, telecommunication products (such as telephones), information kiosks and transaction machines, worldwide websites, multimedia, and office equipment (such as copiers and fax machines). Also called EIT.
  • electronic and information technology  - information technology including any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem used in the creation, conversion, or duplication of data or information includes, but is not limited to, software applications and operating systems, telecommunications products, information kiosks and transaction machines, Web sites (Internet, Intranet, and Extranet), video and multimedia products, desktop and portable computers, and office equipment such as copiers and fax machines.
  • electronic attack  - Division of electronic warfare involving the use of electromagnetic energy, directed energy, or antiradiation weapons to attack personnel, facilities, or equipment with the intent of degrading, neutralizing, or destroying enemy combat capability and is considered a form of fires. Also called EA. See also electronic protection; electronic warfare; electronic warfare support.
  • electronic benefit transfer contract  - a contract that provides for the issuance, use, or redemption of program benefits in the form of electronic benefit transfer cards.

  284  

  • electronic commerce  - electronic techniques for accomplishing business transactions including electronic mail or messaging, World Wide Web technology, electronic bulletin boards, purchase cards, electronic funds transfer, and electronic data interchange.
  • electronic data interchange  - a technique for electronically transferring and storing formatted information between computers utilizing established and published formats and codes, as authorized by the applicable Federal Information Processing Standards. Also called EDI.
  • electronic data interchange system  - any established mechanism approved by the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection through which information can be transferred electronically.
  • electronic device  - an electronic device is a cellular telephone, personal digital assistant (PDA), laptop computer, global positioning system (GPS), audio/ video players, and similar apparatuses used to communicate or to send, retrieve, store, or display information or data.
  • electronic device  - For purposes of this policy statement, an electronic device is a cellular telephone, personal digital assistant (PDA), laptop computer, global positioning system (GPS), audio/ video players, and similar apparatuses used to communicate or to send, retrieve, store, or display information or data.
  • electronic dissemination  - Information disseminated through electronic means, including but not limited to email distributions, social media, removable media like CD-ROM, or other technologies.
  • electronic document  - a document that is generated, sent, received, or stored by electronic, optical, or similar means, including electronic data interchange, electronic mail, telegram, telex, or telecopy.
  • electronic funds transfer  - Any transfer of funds initiated through a terminal, telephone, computer or magnetic tape for the purpose of instructing or authorizing a financial institution to debit or credit an account. Also called EFT.
  • electronic funds transfer  - any transfer of funds, other than a transaction originated by cash, check, or similar paper instrument, that is initiated through an electronic terminal, telephone, computer, or magnetic tape, for the purpose of ordering, instructing, or authorizing a financial institution to debit or credit an account. The term includes Automated Clearing House transfers, Fedwire transfers, and transfers made at automatic teller machines and point-of-sale terminals. Also called EFT.
  • electronic funds transfer indicator  - a four character suffix to the unique entity identifier. The suffix is assigned at the discretion of the commercial, nonprofit, or Government entity to establish additional System for Award Management records for identifying alternative EFT accounts. Also called EFT indicator.
  • Electronic Government Program Board  - An advisory entity to the Under Secretary for Management that addresses the full range of Department E-Government and IT investment portfolio and project management activities. Also called E-GovPB.
  • electronic health record  - A digital version of a patient's paper chart. Also called ER
  • electronic health records  - In their simplest form, digital versions of patients’ paper charts, also called Electronic Patient Care Records (ePCR). More broadly, EHR refers to an integrated dataset that

  285 includes the patient’s medical history and treatment across multiple providers and allows for interoperability among various electronic systems. Also called EHR. EMS Data Collection, Terms )

  • electronic initiator  - initiator controlled or operated by the controlled flow of electrons.
  • electronic intelligence  - Technical and geolocation intelligence derived from foreign noncommunications electromagnetic radiations emanating from other than nuclear detonations or radioactive sources. Also called ELINT. See also electronic warfare; foreign instrumentation signals intelligence; intelligence; signals intelligence.
  • electronic mail  - Information created or received on an electronic mail system includes: brief notes, more formal or substantive narrative documents, and any attachments, such as word processing and other electronic documents, that may be transmitted with the message.
  • electronic mail  - The process or result of sending and receiving messages via telecommunications links between computer terminals. Also called email.

electronic masking —The controlled radiation of electromagnetic energy on friendly frequencies in a manner to protect the emissions of friendly communications and electronic systems against enemy electronic warfare support measures/ signals intelligence without significantly degrading the operation of friendly systems.

  • electronic object  - An electronic object is a file that may contain documents, images, data, e-mail, etc. As used in this policy, electronic objects may be signed to authenticate the originator and provide a means to determine if the content has been changed subsequent to signing. Electronic objects may also be encrypted to protect the content from unauthorized access.
  • electronic probing  - Intentional radiation designed to be introduced into the devices or systems of potential enemies for the purpose of learning the functions and operational capabilities of the devices or systems.

electronic product- (A) any manufactured or assembled product which, when in operation, (i) contains or acts as part of an electronic circuit and (ii) emits (or in the absence of effective shielding or other controls would emit) electronic product radiation, or (B) any manufactured or assembled article which is intended for use as a component, part, or accessory of a product described in clause (A) and which when in operation emits (or in the absence of effective shielding or other controls would emit) such radiation.

electronic product radiation- (A) any ionizing or non-ionizing electromagnetic or particulate radiation, or (B) any sonic, infrasonic, or ultrasonic wave, which is emitted from an electronic product as the result of the operation of an electronic circuit in such product.

  • electronic protection  - Division of electronic warfare involving actions taken to protect personnel, facilities, and equipment from any effects of friendly or enemy use of the electromagnetic spectrum that degrade, neutralize, or destroy friendly combat capability. Also called EP. See also electronic attack, electronic warfare; electronic warfare support.
  • electronic receipt  - a receipt that is authorized by the Secretary to be issued or transmitted under this chapter in the form of an electronic document.

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  • electronic reconnaissance  - The detection, location, identification, and evaluation of foreign electromagnetic radiations. See also electromagnetic radiation; reconnaissance.
  • electronic record  - information that is recorded in a form that only a computer can process not necessarily kept in a “recordkeeping system” but may reside in a generic electronic information system or are produced by an application such as word processing or electronic mail.
  • electronic records  - Numerical, graphical, and textual information recorded on any medium capable of being read by a computer. Electronic records include, but are not limited to, records stored on-line or on off-line media such as tapes, disks, and optical disks.
  • electronic records  - Records that include numerical, graphical, and textual information recorded on any medium capable of being read by a computer. This includes, but is not limited to, both on-line storage and off-line media such as tapes, disks, and optical disks.
  • electronic records management  - utilization of automated techniques to manage records regardless of format.
  • electronic records system  - Any information system that produces, manipulates, stores, or transfers federal records by using a computer.
  • electronic signature  - a method of signing an electronic message that- (1) Identifies and authenticates a particular person as the source of the electronic message; and (2) Indicates such persons approval of the information contained in the electronic message.
  • electronic signature  - The process of applying any mark in electronic form with the intent to sign a data object. See also digital signature.
  • electronic signature (E-Signs)  - GPEA defines electronic signature as a method of signing an electronic message that- (1) Identifies and authenticates a particular person as the source of the electronic message; and (2) Indicates such person's approval of the information contained in the electronic message.
  • electronic surveillance  - acquisition of a nonpublic communication by electronic means without the consent of a person who is a party to an electronic communication or, in the case of a nonelectronic communication, without the consent of a person who is visibly present at the place of communication, but not including the use of radio direction-finding equipment solely to determine the location of a transmitter.
  • electronic surveillance  - acquisition of a non-public communication by electronic means without the consent of a person who is a party to an electronic communication in the case of a non-electronic communication, without the consent of a person who is visibly present at the place of communication, but not including the use of radio-finding equipment solely to determine the location of a transmitter.
  • electronic timing switch  - timing switch using a commercial or improvised electronic timer or integrated circuit to start the initiation train.
  • electronic trading facility  - a trading facility that: (A) operates by means of an electronic or telecommunications network; and (B) maintains an automated audit trail of bids, offers, and the matching of orders or the execution of transactions on the facility.
  • electronic warfare  - Military action involving the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum or to attack the enemy. Also called EW. See also directed energy;

  287 electromagnetic spectrum; electronic attack; electronic protection; electronic warfare support.

  • electronic warfare frequency deconfliction  - Actions taken to integrate those frequencies used by electronic warfare systems into the overall frequency deconfliction process. See also electronic warfare.
  • electronic warfare reprogramming  - The deliberate alteration or modification of electronic warfare or target sensing systems, or the tactics and procedures that employ them, in response to validated changes in equipment, tactics, or the electromagnetic environment. See also electronic warfare.
  • electronic warfare support  - Division of electronic warfare involving actions tasked by, or under direct control of, an operational commander to search for, intercept, identify, and locate or localize sources of intentional and unintentional radiated electromagnetic energy for the purpose of immediate threat recognition, targeting, planning and conduct of future operations. Also called ES. See also electronic attack; electronic protection; electronic warfare.
  • electronics security  - The protection resulting from all measures designed to deny unauthorized persons information of value that might be derived from their interception and study of noncommunications electromagnetic radiations, e.g., radar.
  • electro-optical-infrared countermeasure  - A device or technique employing electro-optical-infrared materials or technology that is intended to impair the effectiveness of enemy activity, particularly with respect to precision guided weapons and sensor systems. Also called EO-IR CM.
  • element  - An organization formed around a specific function within a designated directorate of a joint force commander’s headquarters.
  • element of the defense acquisition system  - an organization that employs members of the acquisition workforce, carries out acquisition functions, and focuses primarily on acquisition.
  • elementary school  - a day or residential school which provides elementary education, as determined under State law.
  • elephant  - any animal of the species loxodonta Africana.
  • elevated causeway system  - An elevated causeway pier that provides a means of delivering containers, certain vehicles, and bulk cargo ashore without the lighterage contending with the surf zone. Also called ELCAS. See also causeway.
  • elevated improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) emplaced above the surface: hanging from an overpass, on a roof, etc.
  • elevation bathymetric  - The bathymetric data for Inland and Intercoastal waterways is highly accurate bathymetric sounding information collected to ensure that federal navigation channels are maintained to their authorized depths. Bathymetric survey activities support the Nation's critical nautical charting program. This data is also used to create Electronic Navigational Charts. The bathymetric sounding data supports the elevation layer of the geospatial data framework.
  • elevation terrestrial  - This data contains georeferenced digital representations of terrestrial surfaces, natural or manmade, which describe vertical position above or below a datum surface. Data may be encapsulated in an evenly spaced grid (raster form) or randomly spaced (triangular irregular network, hypsography, single points). The elevation points can have varying horizontal and vertical resolution and accuracy.

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  • elicitation  - In intelligence usage, the acquisition of information from a person or group in a manner that does not disclose the intent of the interview or conversation.
  • eligibility determination security  - determinations of eligibility for access to classified information based on criteria established under E.O. 12968.
  • eligibility for access to classified information  - the result of the determination whether an employee (a ) is eligible for access to classified information in accordance with Executive Order 12968 (relating to access to classified information), or any successor thereto, and Executive Order 10865 of February 20, 1960, as amended (relating to safeguarding classified information with industry), or any successor thereto; and (b) possesses a need to know under such orders.
  • eligible agency  - the sole entity or agency in a State or an outlying area responsible for administering or supervising policy for adult education and literacy activities in the State or outlying area, respectively, consistent with the law of the State or outlying area, respectively.
  • eligible Aleut  - any Aleut living on August 10, 1988—
(A) who, as a civilian, was relocated by authority of the United States from his or her home village on the Pribilof Islands or the Aleutian Islands west of Unimak Island to an internment camp, or other temporary facility or location, during World War II; or (B) who was born while his or her natural mother was subject to such relocation.
  • eligible crop  - a crop of renewable biomass.
  • eligible dependent  - a spouse, surviving spouse, child, or dependent parent of a person who served in the active military, naval, or air service.
  • eligible domestic entity  - a manufacturer or producer in the United States, or a certified union or recognized union or group of workers which is representative of an industry in the United States, that manufactures or produces short life cycle merchandise that is — (A) like or directly competitive with other merchandise that is the subject of 2 or more affirmative dumping determinations, or (B) is similar enough to such other merchandise as to be considered for inclusion with such merchandise in a product monitoring category.
  • eligible entity  - a State or local government, nonprofit corporation, educational agency, community development organization, or other entity that agrees to comply with the conditions established.
  • eligible export vessel  - a vessel that — (A) is constructed, reconstructed, or reconditioned in the United States for use in world-wide trade; and (B) will, on delivery or redelivery, become or remain documented under the laws of a country other than the United States.
  • eligible family member  - A family member who is residing at the sponsoring employees post of assignment abroad and is counted as a dependent under ICASS.
  • eligible family member or dependent  - a U.S. citizen spouse or dependent of a U.S. Federal Government employee or U.S. military service member, either residing with the sponsor (see paragraph k below) or residing overseas apart from the sponsor solely because the employing agency does not authorize family members to reside at the sponsors current post of assignment. EFMs who voluntarily reside overseas at posts other than the sponsors post of assignment are considered U.S. citizen residents for purposes of employment under this regulation. Also called EFM.
  • eligible grantee  - a local government or municipality, peoples' utility district, irrigation district, and

  289 cooperative, nonprofit, or limited-dividend association in a rural area. §918c. )

  • eligible hospital  - a hospital that the Secretary determines has a high rate of risk adjusted readmissions for the conditions and has not taken appropriate steps to reduce such readmissions and improve patient safety as evidenced through historically high rates of readmissions, as determined by the Secretary.
  • eligible individual  - an individual—
(A) who has attained 16 years of age;
(B) who is not enrolled or required to be enrolled in secondary school under State law; and (C) who—(i) is basic skills deficient;(ii) does not have a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent, and has not achieved an equivalent level of education; or(iii) is an English language learner.
  • eligible individual (in reference to enrollment in burn pit registry)  - any individual who, on or after September 11, 2001: (A) was deployed in support of a contingency operation while serving in the Armed Forces; and (B) during such deployment, was based or stationed at a location where an open burn pit was used.
  • eligible institution  - a school of medicine, osteopathic medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, optometry, podiatric medicine, pharmacy, public health, allied health, or chiropractic, or a graduate program in health administration or behavioral and mental health practice, including clinical psychology.

eligible investor- (1) United States citizens; (2) corporations, partnerships, or other associations including nonprofit associations, created under the laws of the United States any State or territory thereof, or the District of Columbia, and substantially beneficially owned by United States citizens; and (3) foreign corporations, partnerships, or other associations wholly owned by one or more such United States citizens, corporations, partnerships, or other associations: Provided however, That the eligibility of such foreign corporation shall be determined without regard to any shares, in aggregate less than 5 per centum of the total issued and subscribed share capital, held by other than the United States owners: Provided further, That in the case of any loan investment a final determination of eligibility may be made at the time the insurance or guaranty is issued; in all other cases, the investor must be eligible at the time a claim arises as well as the time the insurance or guaranty is issued. eligible investor- (1) United States citizens; (2) corporations, partnerships, or other associations including nonprofit associations, created under the laws of the United States, any State or territory thereof, or the District of Columbia, and substantially beneficially owned by United States citizens; and (3) foreign corporations, partnerships, of other associations wholly owned by one or more such United States citizens, corporations, partnerships, or other associations: Provided, however, That the eligibility of such foreign corporation shall be determined without regard to any shares, in aggregate less than 5 per centum of the total of issued and subscribed share capital, held by other than the United States owners: Provided further, That in the case of any loan investment a final determination of eligibility may be made at the time the insurance or guaranty is issued; in all other cases, the investor must be eligible at the time a claim arises as well as at the time the insurance or guaranty is issued. eligible land- (i) Cropland.
(ii) Grassland.
(iii) Rangeland. (iv) Pasture land.
(v) Nonindustrial private forest land.
(vi) Other agricultural land (including cropped woodland, marshes, and agricultural land used for the production of livestock) on which resource concerns related to agricultural production could be addressed through a contract under the program, as determined by the Secretary.

  • eligible land  - land on which agricultural commodities, livestock, or forest-related products are produced.

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  • eligible lender  - an eligible institution that became a lender under this subpart prior to September 15, 1992, an agency or instrumentality of a State, a financial or credit institution (including an insurance company) which is subject to examination and supervision by an agency of the United States or of any State, a pension fund approved by the Secretary for this purpose, or a nonprofit private entity designated by the State, regulated by the State, and approved by the Secretary.
  • eligible livestock producer  - an eligible producer on a farm that — (I) is an owner, cash or share lessee, or contract grower of covered livestock that provides the pastureland or grazing land, including cash-leased pastureland or grazing land, for the livestock; (II) provides the pastureland or grazing land for covered livestock, including cash-leased pastureland or grazing land that is physically located in a county affected by drought; (III) certifies grazing loss; and (IV) meets all other eligibility requirements established.
  • eligible metropolitan area  - any of the 100 most populous metropolitan statistical areas in the United States.
  • eligible migrant  - a qualified immigrant who is the spouse or unmarried child of a legalized alien.
  • eligible migrant and seasonal farmworkers  - individuals who are eligible migrant farmworkers or are eligible seasonal farmworkers.
  • eligible national association  - a national association with demonstrated experience in providing training and technical assistance to protection and advocacy systems.

eligible neighborhood development activity- (A) creating permanent jobs in the neighborhood;(B ) establishing or expanding businesses within the neighborhood;(C) developing, rehabilitating, or managing neighborhood housing stock;(D) developing delivery mechanisms for essential services that have lasting benefit to the neighborhood; or (E) planning, promoting, or financing voluntary neighborhood improvement efforts. eligible neighborhood development organization- (A)(i) an entity organized as a private, voluntary, nonprofit corporation under the laws of the State in which it operates;(ii) an organization that is responsible to residents of its neighborhood through a governing body, not less than 51 per centum of the members of which are residents of the area served; (iii) an organization that has conducted business for at least one year prior to the date of application for participation;(iv) an organization that operates within an area that — (I) meets the requirements for Federal assistance; (II) is designated as an enterprise zone under Federal law; (III) is designated as an enterprise zone under State law and recognized by the Secretary as a State enterprise zone; or (IV) is a qualified distressed community; and (v) an organization that conducts one or more eligible neighborhood development activities that have as their primary beneficiaries low- and moderate-income persons, or (B) any facility that provides small entrepreneurial business with affordable shared support services and business development services and meets the requirements.

  • eligible operations and maintenance  - all Federal operations, maintenance, repair, and rehabilitation, including (i) maintenance dredging reasonably necessary to maintain the width and nominal depth of any harbor or inland harbor; (ii) the construction of dredged material disposal facilities that are necessary for the operation and maintenance of any harbor or inland harbor; (iii) dredging and disposing of contaminated sediments that are in or that affect the maintenance of Federal navigation channels; (iv) mitigating for impacts resulting from Federal navigation operation and maintenance activities; and (v) operating and maintaining dredged material disposal facilities.
  • eligible orchardist  - a person that produces annual crops from trees for commercial purposes.

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  • eligible producer on a farm  - an individual or entity that, as determined by the Secretary, assumes the production and market risks associated with the agricultural production of crops or livestock.  
  • eligible reservist  - a member of a reserve component of the Armed Forces ordered to active duty during a period of military conflict.

eligible seasonal farmworker- (A) a low-income individual who—(i) for 12 consecutive months out of the 24 months prior to application for the program involved, has been primarily employed in agricultural or fish farming labor that is characterized by chronic unemployment or underemployment; and(ii) faces multiple barriers to economic self-sufficiency.

  • eligible small business  - any business concern that, in the judgment of the Commissioner, due to its small size, has neither adequate internal resources nor financial ability to obtain qualified outside assistance in preparing and submitting for consideration allegations of evasion.
  • eligible small business  - any business concern which, in the agency's judgment, due to its small size, has neither adequate internal resources nor financial ability to obtain qualified outside assistance in preparing and filing petitions and applications for remedies and benefits under trade laws.
  • eligible solar, wind, waste or geothermal facility  - a facility which produces electric energy solely by the use, as a primary energy source, of solar energy, wind energy, waste resources or geothermal resources; but only if — (i) either of the following is submitted to the Commission not later than December 31, 1994: (I) an application for certification of the facility as a qualifying small power production facility; or
(II) notice that the facility meets the requirements for qualification; and (ii) construction of such facility commences not later than December 31, 1999, or, if not, reasonable diligence is exercised toward the completion of such facility taking into account all factors relevant to construction of the facility.
  • eligible spouse  - the spouse of a member of the Coast Guard who is serving on active duty and includes a spouse who receives transitional compensation.

eligible spouse does not include a person who—
(i) is married to, but legally separated from, a member of the Coast Guard under a court order or statute of any State or territorial possession of the United States; or (ii) is eligible for tuition assistance as a member of the Armed Forces.

  • eligible tribal consortium  - a consortium composed of 2 or more Service units between which a mobile health station can be transported by road in up to 8 hours. A Service unit operated by the Service or by an Indian tribe or tribal organization shall be equally eligible for participation in such consortium.
  • eligible woman  - a woman who has been admitted to a program operated.
  • email distribution list  - list of email addresses which can be used to send a message to multiple recipients simultaneously.
  • embarkation  - The process of putting personnel and/ or vehicles and their associated stores and equipment into ships and/ or aircraft.
  • embarkation and tonnage table  - A consolidated table showing personnel and cargo, by troop or naval units, loaded aboard a combat-loaded ship.
  • embarkation area  - An area ashore, including a group of embarkation points, in which final preparations for embarkation are completed and through which assigned personnel and loads for

  292   craft and ships are called forward to embark. See alsomounting area.

  • embarkation element  - A temporary administrative formation of personnel with supplies and equipment embarking or to be embarked (combat loaded) aboard the ships of one transport element.
  • embarkation group  - A temporary administrative formation of personnel with supplies and equipment embarking or to be embarked (combat loaded) aboard the ships of one transport element group.
  • embarkation officer  - An officer on the staff of units of the landing force who advises the commander thereof on matters pertaining to embarkation planning and loading ships. See also combat cargo officer.
  • embarkation order  - An order specifying dates, times, routes, loading diagrams, and methods of movement to shipside or aircraft for troops and their equipment.
  • embarkation organization  - A temporary administrative formation of personnel with supplies and equipment embarking or to be embarked aboard ships. See also embarkation team.
  • embarkation phase  - In amphibious operations, the phase that encompasses the orderly assembly of personnel and materiel and their subsequent loading aboard ships and/ or aircraft in a sequence designed to meet the requirements of the landing force concept of operations ashore.
  • embarkation plans  - The plans prepared by the landing force and appropriate subordinate commanders containing instructions and information concerning the organization for embarkation, assignment to shipping, supplies and equipment to be embarked, location and assignment of embarkation areas, control and communication arrangements, movement schedules and embarkation sequence, and additional pertinent instructions relating to the embarkation of the landing force.
  • embarkation team  - A temporary administrative formation of all personnel with supplies and equipment embarking or to be embarked (combat loaded) aboard one ship. See also embarkation organization.
  • embarkation unit  - A temporary administrative formation of personnel with supplies and equipment embarking or to be embarked (combat loaded) aboard the ships of one transport unit, which is dissolved upon completion of the embarkation.
  • embedded training  - training provided by modules built into operational systems to maintain or enhance the skill proficiency necessary to operate or maintain that equipment or system.

embryo laboratory -a facility in which human oocytes are subject to assisted reproductive technology treatment or procedures based on manipulation of oocytes or embryos which are subject to implantation. emergency — (A) a major market disturbance characterized by or constituting — (i) sudden and excessive fluctuations of securities prices generally, or a substantial threat thereof, that threaten fair and orderly markets; or (ii) a substantial disruption of the safe or efficient operation of the national system for clearance and settlement of transactions in securities, or a substantial threat thereof; or (B) a major disturbance that substantially disrupts, or threatens to substantially disrupt — (i) the functioning of securities markets, investment companies, or any other significant portion or segment of the securities markets; or (ii) the transmission or processing of securities transactions. emergency- (I) the overthrow of a democratically elected government; (II) war (including undeclared war, civil war, or other military activity) on the territory of the program country; (III) a severe breakdown in law and order affecting a significant portion of the program country's territory; (IV) a severe economic collapse in the program country; or (V) any other extraordinary event in the   293 program country that threatens the law enforcement or security interests of the United States (including the interest in enforcement of the immigration laws of the United States) and where the country's participation in the program could contribute to that threat.

  • emergency  - a natural disaster affecting a wide area (such as a flood, hurricane, tidal wave, earthquake, severe storm, or landslide) or a catastrophic failure from any external cause, as a result of which: (A) the Governor of a State has declared an emergency and the Secretary has concurred; or(B) the President has declared a major disaster under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act.
  • emergency  - An emergency is when failure to issue a passport would -(a) Cause compelling hardship to the applicant (a delay or inability to travel does not, by itself, constitute compelling hardship), e.g. - i) Inability to pursue education; (ii) Inability to accept a job opportunity; (iii) Inability to attend to a dying relative or a funeral (life or death emergencies); or (iii) Involuntarily separation from her/ his parents, spouse, or children. (b) Endanger the health, safety, and welfare of the applicant; (c) Impede the applicants ability to complete a critical mission on behalf of the U.S. government (for official, diplomatic, service, or no-fee regular passports).
  • emergency  - An unforeseen combination of circumstances, or the resulting state, that calls for immediate action. Emergencies may include a fire, explosion, discovery of an explosive device, severe weather, chemical or biological exposure or threat, hostage situation, or physical threat to building occupants or visitors, terrorist attack, or other national security emergency.
  • emergency  - an urgent situation in which there is clear evidence that (a) an event or series of events has occurred that causes human suffering; and (b) for which a government concerned has not chosen, or has not the means, to remedy; or (c) is created by a demonstrably abnormal event or series of events that produces dislocation in the lives of residents of a country or region of a country on an exceptional scale.
  • emergency  - Any incident, whether natural or manmade, that requires responsive action to protect life or property. Under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, an emergency means any occasion or instance for which, in the determination of the President, Federal assistance is needed to supplement State and local efforts and capabilities to save lives and to protect property and public health and safety, or to lessen or avert the threat of a catastrophe in any part of the United States.
  • emergency action  - action needed to respond to the immediate impacts of an emergency does not include long-term recovery actions.
  • emergency action committee  - An organization established at a foreign service post by the chief of mission or principal officer for the purpose of directing and coordinating the post’s response to contingencies. Also called EAC.
  • Emergency Action Plan  - A specific plan used to describe the actions taken to ensure the safety of Department personnel and ability for all bureaus, offices, or facilities to continue essential functions. Also called EAP.
  • emergency authority  — A Federal military commander’s authority, in extraordinary emergency circumstances where prior authorization by the President is impossible and duly constituted local authorities are unable to control the situation, to engage temporarily in activities that are necessary to quell large-scale, unexpected civil disturbances because (1) such activities are necessary to prevent significant loss of life or wanton destruction of property and are necessary to restore governmental function and public order or (2) duly constituted Federal, state, or local authorities are unable or decline to provide adequate protection for Federal property or Federal governmental

  294   functions.

  • emergency change IT service  - alteration in the current state that must be introduced immediately to resolve a major incident or implement a security patch is the highest priority change that can be defined in an organization.
  • emergency change advisory board  - subgroup of the Change Advisory Board that makes decisions about emergency changes.

emergency condition- (1) a newly discovered type of material which is of importance for the understanding of the history of mankind and is in jeopardy from pillage, dismantling, dispersal, or fragmentation; (2) identifiable as coming from any site recognized to be of high cultural significance if such site is in jeopardy from pillage, dismantling, dispersal, or fragmentation which is, or threatens to be, of crisis proportions; or (3) a part of the remains of a particular culture or civilization, the record of which is in jeopardy from pillage, dismantling, dispersal, or fragmentation which is, or threatens to be, of crisis proportions; and application of the import restrictions on a temporary basis would, in whole or in part, reduce the incentive for such pillage, dismantling, dispersal or fragmentation.

  • emergency expenditure authorization  - authorization for limited post expenditure without prior Department approval in order to meet emergency medical needs.
  • emergency leave donor  - a current employee whose voluntary written request for transfer of annual leave to an emergency leave transfer program is approved by his or her employing agency (OPM Form 1638, Request to Donate Annual Leave Under the Emergency Leave Transfer Program).
  • emergency leave recipient  - a current employee for whom the employing agency has approved an application to receive annual leave from an emergency leave transfer program (OPM Form 1637, Application to Become a Leave Recipient Under the Emergency Leave Transfer Program).
  • emergency locator beacon  - A generic term for all radio beacons used for emergency locating purposes. See also personal locator beacon.
  • emergency management  - As subset of incident management, the coordination and integration of all activities necessary to build, sustain, and improve the capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, or mitigate against threatened or actual natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other manmade disasters.
  • emergency management  - coordination and integration of all activities necessary to build, sustain and improve the capabilities to prepare for, respond to, recover from, or mitigate against threatened or actual disasters or emergencies, regardless of cause emergency management activities in response to an incident are a component of overall incident management and are aligned with parallel response processes associated with prevention and protection.
  • emergency management  - Organized efforts to mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from an emergency.
  • emergency management  - the governmental function that coordinates and integrates all activities necessary to build, sustain, and improve the capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, or mitigate against threatened or actual natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other man-made disasters.
  • emergency management assistance compact  - A congressionally ratified organization that provides form and structure to interstate mutual aid. Through EMAC, a disaster-affected State can request and receive assistance from other member States quickly and efficiently, resolving two key issues

  295 up front - liability and reimbursement. Also called EMAC.

  • emergency management center  - The Departments central location for managing emergencies impacting its domestic facilities. It is used to coordinate response to, recovery from, and relay information about a domestic emergency that impacts any part of the Department. The Departments EMC is managed by A/ OEM and is located in the Harry S Truman Building (HST), Room B-235B. Also called EMC.
  • emergency management system  - Coordination of systems and multidisciplinary personnel (e.g., police, fire, emergency managers) to address all phases of an incident.
  • emergency manager  - The person who has the day-to-day responsibility for emergency management programs and activities. The role is one of coordinating all aspects of a jurisdiction's mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery capabilities.
  • emergency medical condition  - a medical condition (including emergency labor and delivery ) manifesting itself by acute symptoms of sufficient severity (including severe pain) such that the absence of immediate medical attention could reasonably be expected to result in — (1) placing the patient's health in serious jeopardy, (2) serious impairment to bodily functions, or(3) serious dysfunction of any bodily organ or part.
  • emergency medical condition  - a medical condition manifesting itself by acute symptoms of sufficient severity (including severe pain) such that a prudent layperson, who possesses an average knowledge of health and medicine, could reasonably expect the absence of immediate medical attention to result in a condition.
  • emergency medical services  - A system of coordinated response involving private and public agencies and organizations that provides emergency medical care after an incident that causes serious illness or injury. Also called EMS.
  • emergency medical services  - resources used by a public or nonprofit entity to deliver medical care outside of a medical facility under emergency conditions that occur as a result of — (A) the condition of a patient; or (B) a natural disaster or related condition.
  • emergency medical services training education advisory council  - advisory body providing advice and recommendation to the Assistant Secretary for Health Affairs/ Chief Medical Officer on matters relating to emergency medical service training and educational policies, regulations, standards, and metrics for emergency medical services personnel.
  • emergency operating record  - documentary material and database essential to the continued functioning or the reconstitution of an agency during and after a continuity event include emergency plans and directives, orders of succession, delegations of authority, staffing assignments, and related policy or procedural records.
  • emergency operating records  - One type of vital records. (See the term Vital Records.) These records are essential to the continued functioning or reconstitution of an organization during and after an emergency. They include emergency plans and directive(s), orders of succession, delegations of

  296   authority, staffing assignments, selected program records needed to continue the most critical agency operations, as well as related policy and procedural records that assist agency staff in conducting operations under emergency conditions and for resuming normal operations after an emergency.

  • emergency operations center  - A temporary or permanent facility where the coordination of information and resources to support domestic incident management activities normally takes place. Also called EOC.
  • emergency operations center  - physical location where the coordination of information and resources to support incident management activities normally takes place may be a temporary facility or may be located in a more central or permanently established facility, perhaps at a higher level or organization within a jurisdiction.
  • emergency operations center  - The physical location at which the coordination of information and resources to support incident management (on-scene operations) activities normally takes place. An EOC may be a temporary facility or may be located in a more central or permanently established facility, perhaps at a higher level of organization within a jurisdiction. EOCs may be organized by major functional disciplines (e.g., fire, law enforcement, and medical services), by jurisdiction (e.g., Federal, State, regional, tribal, city, county), or some combination thereof. Also called EOC.
  • emergency personnel  - category of essential personnel that are employees who are assigned to positions required to sustain a facility or function in the event of a localized situation, such as inclement weather or a dismissal or closure of DHS operations or services.
  • emergency personnel  - Pre-identified domestic personnel responsible for performing mission essential functions at a relocation site in support of bureau or Department continuity. (See the terms Bureau Emergency Action Team (BEAT) and Mission Critical Team (MCT). )
  • emergency plan  - The ongoing plan maintained by various jurisdictional levels for responding to a wide variety of potential hazards.
  • emergency preparedness  - all those activities and measures designed or undertaken to prepare for or minimize the effects of a hazard upon the civilian population, to deal with the immediate emergency conditions which would be created by the hazard, and to effectuate emergency repairs to, or the emergency restoration of, vital utilities and facilities destroyed or damaged by the hazard. Such term includes the following: (A) Measures to be undertaken in preparation for anticipated hazards (including the establishment of appropriate organizations, operational plans, and supporting agreements, the recruitment and training of personnel, the conduct of research, the procurement and stockpiling of necessary materials and supplies, the provision of suitable warning systems, the construction or preparation of shelters, shelter areas, and control centers, and, when appropriate, the non-military evacuation of the civilian population). (B) Measures to be undertaken during a hazard (including the enforcement of passive defense regulations prescribed by duly established military or civil authorities, the evacuation of personnel to shelter areas, the control of traffic and panic, and the control and use of lighting and civil communications). (C) Measures to be undertaken following a hazard (including activities for firefighting, rescue, emergency medical, health and sanitation services, monitoring for specific dangers of special weapons, unexploded bomb reconnaissance, essential debris clearance, emergency welfare measures, and immediately essential emergency repair or restoration of damaged vital facilities).
  • emergency preparedness  - Measures taken in advance of an emergency to reduce the loss of life and property and to protect a nation’s institutions from all types of hazards through a comprehensive emergency management program of preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery. Also called EP.

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  • emergency preparedness liaison officer  - A senior reserve officer who represents their Service at the appropriate joint field office conducting planning and coordination responsibilities in support of civil authorities. Also called EPLO.
  • Emergency Public Information  - Information that is disseminated primarily in anticipation of an emergency or during an emergency. In addition to providing situational information to the public, it also frequently provides directive actions required to be taken by the general public.
  • emergency relocation group  - DHS personnel designated by their office to report to a pre-established safe facility in the event of a terrorist attack, natural disaster, or other catastrophic event significantly affecting continuity of operations.
  • emergency repair  - The least amount of immediate repair to damaged facilities necessary for the facilities to support the mission. See also facility substitutes.
  • emergency response providers  - Federal, State, and local governmental and nongovernmental emergency public safety, fire, law enforcement, emergency response, emergency medical (including hospital emergency facilities), and related personnel, agencies, and authorities.
  • emergency response staff program  - A program intended to prepare Department emergency response staff to respond to domestic emergencies that impact the Department.
  • emergency response team  - The personnel from the Department, or from a local, State, or other Federal department or agency, trained to perform a specific task during a particular phase of emergency response. Within the Department, an emergency response team consists of an Incident Commander (IC) and the emergency response staff. Also called ERT.

emergency services- (i) a medical screening examination that is within the capability of the emergency department of a hospital, including ancillary services routinely available to the emergency department to evaluate such emergency medical condition, and (ii) within the capabilities of the staff and facilities available at the hospital, such further medical examination and treatment as are required to stabilize the patient.

  • emergency services sector  - A system of preparedness, response, and recovery elements that form the nation's first line of defense for preventing and mitigating the risk from physical and cyber attacks, and manmade and natural disasters. The sector consists of emergency services facilities and associated systems, trained and tested personnel, detailed plans and procedures, redundant systems, and mutual-aid agreements that provide life safety and security services across the Nation via a first- responder community comprised of federal, state, local, tribal, territorial and private sector partners.
  • Emergency Support Function Annexes  - Present the missions, policies, structures, and responsibilities of Federal agencies for coordinating resource and programmatic support to States, tribes, and other Federal agencies or other jurisdictions and entities when activated to provide coordinated Federal support during an incident. Also called ESF Annexes.
  • Emergency Support Function Coordinator  - The entity with management oversight for that particular ESF. The coordinator has ongoing responsibilities throughout the preparedness, response, and recovery phases of incident management. Also called ESF Coordinator.
  • Emergency Support Function Primary Agency  - A Federal agency with significant authorities, roles, resources, or capabilities for a particular function within an ESF. A Federal agency designated as an ESF primary agency serves as a Federal executive agent under the Federal Coordinating Officer (or Federal Resource Coordinator for non-Stafford Act incidents) to accomplish the ESF mission. Also

  298   called ESP Primary Agency.

  • Emergency Support Function Support Agency  - An entity with specific capabilities or resources that support the primary agencies in executing the mission of the ESF. Also called ESP Support Agency.
  • emergency support functions  - Used by the Federal Government and many State governments as the primary mechanism at the operational level to organize and provide assistance. ESFs align categories of resources and provide strategic objectives for their use. ESFs utilize standardized resource management concepts such as typing, inventorying, and tracking to facilitate the dispatch, deployment, and recovery of resources before, during, and after an incident. Also called ESFs.
  • emergency support functions  - A grouping of government and certain private-sector capabilities into an organizational structure to provide the support, resources, program implementation, and services that are most likely to be needed to save lives, protect property and the environment, restore essential services and critical infrastructure, and help victims and communities return to normal, when feasible, following domestic incidents. Also called ESFs.
  • emergency treatment  - medical care or services furnished, in the judgment of the Secretary (A) when Department or other Federal facilities are not feasibly available and an attempt to use them beforehand would not be reasonable;
(B) when such care or services are rendered in a medical emergency of such nature that a prudent layperson reasonably expects that delay in seeking immediate medical attention would be hazardous to life or health; and (C) until (i) such time as the veteran can be transferred safely to a Department facility or other Federal facility and such facility is capable of accepting such transfer; or
(ii) such time as a Department facility or other Federal facility accepts such transfer if (I) at the time the veteran could have been transferred safely to a Department facility or other Federal facility, no Department facility or other Federal facility agreed to accept such transfer; and (II) the non-Department facility in which such medical care or services was furnished made and documented reasonable attempts to transfer the veteran to a Department facility or other Federal facility.
  • emergency work  - clearance and removal of debris and wreckage and temporary restoration of essential public facilities and services.
  • emergency-essential employee  - A Department of Defense civilian whose assigned duties and responsibilities must be accomplished following the evacuation of non-essential personnel (including dependents) during a declared emergency or outbreak of war. See also evacuation.
  • emergency-essential employee  - A Department of Defense civilian whose assigned duties and responsibilities must be accomplished following the evacuation of non-essential personnel (including dependents) during a declared emergency or outbreak of war. See also evacuation. also evacuation.
  • emerging community  - a metropolitan area for which there has been reported to and confirmed by the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention a cumulative total of at least 500, but fewer than 1,000, cases of AIDS during the most recent period of 5 calendar years for which such data are available.
  • emerging growth company  - an issuer that had total annual gross revenues of less than $1,000,000,000
  • emerging harbor project  - a project that is assigned to a harbor or inland harbor that transits less than

  299 1,000,000 tons of cargo annually. US Code 33, §2237 )

  • emerging issues  - An issue or topic of growing importance or concern within a region, country or community that has the potential to impact or affect the momentum or direction of the political transition.
  • emerging market  - a country that the Secretary of Agriculture determines — (A) is taking steps toward a market-oriented economy through the food, agriculture, or rural business sectors of the economy of the country; and (B) has the potential to provide a viable and significant market for United States agricultural commodities or products of United States agricultural commodities.
  • emission  - release of a substance into the atmosphere.
  • emission control  - The selective and controlled use of electromagnetic, acoustic, or other emitters to optimize command and control capabilities while minimizing, for operations security: a. detection by enemy sensors; b. mutual interference among friendly systems; and/ or c. enemy interference with the ability to execute a military deception plan. Also called EMCON. See also electronic warfare.
  • emission factor  - unique value for scaling emissions to activity data in terms of a standard rate of emission per unit of activity, e.g., grams of carbon dioxide emitted per barrel of fossil fuel consumed.
  • emission limitation and emission standard  - a requirement established by the State or the Administrator which limits the quantity, rate, or concentration of emissions of air pollutants on a continuous basis, including any requirement relating to the operation or maintenance of a source to assure continuous emission reduction, and any design, equipment, work practice or operational standard promulgated under this chapter.
  • emission security  - The component of communications security that results from all measures taken to deny unauthorized persons information of value that might be derived from intercept and analysis of compromising emanations from crypto-equipment and telecommunications systems. See also communications security.
  • emotional abuse  - This includes psychological, verbal, or mental injury such as acts or omissions by the parents or other caregivers that have caused, or could cause, serious behavioral, cognitive, emotional, or mental disorders. In some cases of emotional abuse, the acts of parents or caregivers alone, without any harm evident in the child's behavior or condition, are sufficient to warrant child protective services intervention. For example, practices such as confinement of a child to a dark closet or a cage can be considered emotional abuse.
  • emotional disturbance  - a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child's educational performance: (A) An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors. (B) An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers. (C) Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances. (D) A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression. (E) A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.
  • emotional neglect  - Includes such actions as marked inattention to the child's needs for affection, refusal of or failure to provide needed psychological care, inadequate supervision, spouse abuse in the child's presence, and tolerance of drug or alcohol use by the child.

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  • employ  - to suffer or permit to work.
  • employee  - A current employee of the Department of State, including members of the Civil Service, Foreign Service, and Locally Employed Staff.
  • employee  - a dispatching service employee, a signal employee, or a train employee.
  • employee  - a Foreign Service or Civil Service employee of the U.S. Department of State, or a PSC employee, with the exception of overseas local hires, which are addressed in separate nepotism regulations.
  • employee  - a person employed by, assigned or detailed to, or acting for an element within the Intelligence Community.
  • employee  - an appointed officer or employee of the Department, including a locally employed staff, a special U.S. Government employee, or an expert or consultant.
  • employee  - an employee who — (A) has completed at least 3 years of current continuous service with 1 or more covered entities; and (B) is serving under an appointment without time limitation.
  • employee  - An individual employed by DS whose duties require the use of SPE.
  • employee  - any employee, and shall not be limited to the employees of a particular employer, unless this subchapter explicitly states otherwise, and shall include any individual whose work has ceased as a consequence of, or in connection with, any current labor dispute or because of any unfair labor practice, and who has not obtained any other regular and substantially equivalent employment, but shall not include any individual employed as an agricultural laborer, or in the domestic service of any family or person at his home, or any individual employed by his parent or spouse, or any individual having the status of an independent contractor, or any individual employed as a supervisor, or any individual employed by an employer subject to the Railway Labor Act, as amended from time to time, or by any other person who is not an employer.
  • employee  - any individual employed by an employer.
  • employee  - any person employed by an employer. Includes any person who is a citizen, national, or permanent resident alien of the United States employed in a workplace in a foreign country by an employer that is an entity incorporated or otherwise organized in the United States or that is controlled by an entity organized in the United States.
  • employee  - any person who receives a salary or compensation of any kind from the United States Government, is a contractor of the United States Government or an employee thereof, is an unpaid consultant of the United States Government, or otherwise acts for or on behalf of the United States Government, except as otherwise determined by the President.
  • employee  - Any U.S. citizen who is a member of the Senior Foreign Service or who is assigned to a salary class in the Foreign Service schedule, and who is serving under either a career or career candidate appointment, or who is serving under a limited appointment that does not confer career candidate status, but does not include consular agents.
  • employee  - Assigned personnel (U.S.-based direct hire) of the Federal Government. For categories of

  301 persons authorized or not authorized to use the diplomatic pouch.

  • employee  - person hired to perform a job usually for wages or salary and normally in a position below the executive level.
  • employee  - Refers to an individual appointed into the civilian service of a Government agency (including chiefs of mission and members of the Foreign Service of the United States).
  • employee assistance program  - confidential counseling program that offers assessment, short-term counseling, and referral services to employees for a wide range of issues that could interfere with work performance includes, but are not limited to, emotional, family relationship substance abuse, occupational, legal or financial problems.
  • employee benefit plan or plan  - an employee welfare benefit plan or an employee pension benefit plan or a plan which is both an employee welfare benefit plan and an employee pension benefit plan.
  • employee in fire protection activities  - an employee, including a firefighter, paramedic, emergency medical technician, rescue worker, ambulance personnel, or hazardous materials worker, who — (1) is trained in fire suppression, has the legal authority and responsibility to engage in fire suppression, and is employed by a fire department of a municipality, county, fire district, or State; and (2) is engaged in the prevention, control, and extinguishment of fires or response to emergency situations where life, property, or the environment is at risk.

employee of the government- (1) officers or employees of any federal agency, members of the military or naval forces of the United States, members of the National Guard while engaged in training or duty under title 32, and persons acting on behalf of a federal agency in an official capacity, temporarily or permanently in the service of the United States, whether with or without compensation, and (2) any officer or employee of a Federal public defender organization, except when such officer or employee performs professional services in the course of providing representation.

  • employee organization  - any labor union or any organization of any kind, or any agency or employee representation committee, association, group, or plan, in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning an employee benefit plan, or other matters incidental to employment relationships; or any employees' beneficiary association organized for the purpose in whole or in part, of establishing such a plan.
  • employee orientation training  - training provided for a general understanding of the organization and its missions.
  • employee performance  - accomplishment of the work described in the employee's performance plan.
  • employee retention  - ability of an organization to keep its employees over a period of time is measured by the average length of time an employee stays employed within the same organization over a given period of time.
  • employee transition plan  - A written plan developed by the HRA for the potential transition of the agency’s civilian employees to an MEO, or to private sector or public reimbursable performance. This plan is developed early in the streamlined or standard competition process, based on the incumbent government organization, to identify projected employee impacts and the time needed to accommodate such impacts, depending on the potential outcomes of the competition. The employee transition plan differs from a phase-in plan, which is developed by prospective providers responding to a solicitation.

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  • employee with a disability  - See also special needs. An employee who has a disability as defined in the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 as amended and implementing regulations.
  • employees  - Current FS employees, CS employees (including schedule C appointees and annuitants returning to work on temporary appointments on an intermittent basis, commonly referred to as WAE personnel), LE Staff, PSCs, employees assigned to fellowships or details elsewhere and detailees or fellows from other entities assigned to the Department, externs/ interns, SGEs as defined in 18 U.S.C. 202(a), and any other personnel who are employed by State or USAID in the United States or abroad.
  • employees who are eligible  - TreasuryDirect is provided to U.S. citizen employees and personal services contractors payrolled through American Payroll (CGFS/ C/ APP). The LE staff payroll system does not handle deductions for TreasuryDirect.
  • employer  - any business enterprise that employs — (A) 100 or more employees, excluding part-time employees; or
(B) 100 or more employees who in the aggregate work at least 4,000 hours per week (exclusive of hours of overtime).
  • employer  - any person acting as an agent of an employer, directly or indirectly, but shall not include the United States or any wholly owned Government corporation, or any Federal Reserve Bank, or any State or political subdivision thereof, or any person subject to the Railway Labor Act, as amended from time to time, or any labor organization (other than when acting as an employer), or anyone acting in the capacity of officer or agent of such labor organization.
  • employer  - any person acting directly as an employer, or indirectly in the interest of an employer, in relation to an employee benefit plan; and includes a group or association of employers acting for an employer in such capacity.
  • Employer Identification Number  - A taxpayer identification number obtained by sole proprietors, businesses, and U.S. agencies to identify themselves when reporting wage and/ or salary payments made as employers to other contracted parties. Also called EIN.
  • employing bureau  - The bureau in which the DETO is employed.
  • employment  - The strategic, operational, or tactical use of forces.
  • employment benefits  - all benefits provided or made available to employees by an employer, including group life insurance, health insurance, disability insurance, sick leave.
  • employment fitness adjudication  - process of evaluation of pertinent data in a background investigation, as well as any other available information that is relevant and reliable, for employment is used to determine whether an individual is: (i) suitable for Government employment; (ii) eligible for logical and physical access; (iii) eligible for access to classified information; (iv) eligible to hold a sensitive position; or (v) fit to perform work for or on behalf of the Government as a contractor employee.
  • employment handicap  - an impairment, resulting in substantial part from a disability, of a veteran's ability to prepare for, obtain, or retain employment consistent with such veteran's abilities, aptitudes, and interests.

employment loss- (A) an employment termination, other than a discharge for cause, voluntary departure, or retirement, (B) a layoff exceeding 6 months, or (C) a reduction in hours of work of more than 50 percent during each month of any 6-month period.   303

  • employment outcome  - A) entering or retaining full-time or, if appropriate, part-time competitive employment in the integrated labor market;
(B) satisfying the vocational outcome of supported employment; or
(C) satisfying any other vocational outcome the Secretary of Education may determine to be appropriate (including satisfying the vocational outcome of customized employment, self-employment, telecommuting, or business ownership), in a manner consistent with this chapter.
  • employment position  - set of duties and responsibilities which make up the work performed by an employee.
  • en route care  - Continuation of the provision of care during movement (evacuation) between the health service support capabilities in the roles of care, without clinically compromising the patient’s condition. See also evacuation.
  • enabling clause  - the Decision on Differential and More Favourable Treatment, Reciprocity and Fuller Participation of Developing Countries (L/ 4903), adopted November 28, 1979, under GATT 1947.
  • encrypted for transmission only  - classification used in Sensitive-But-Unclassified No Foreign (SBU NOFORN) telegrams.
  • encrypted text  - Data encoded into an unclassified form using a nationally accepted form of encoding.
  • encryption  - Conversion of plaintext to ciphertext through the use of a cryptographic algorithm.
  • encryption research  - activities necessary to identify and analyze flaws and vulnerabilities of encryption technologies applied to copyrighted works, if these activities are conducted to advance the state of knowledge in the field of encryption technology or to assist in the development of encryption products.
  • encryption technology  - the scrambling and descrambling of information using mathematical formulas or algorithms.
  • end date  - The end date for a streamlined or standard competition is the date that all SCF certifications are completed, signifying an agency’s performance decision.
  • end evening civil twilight  - The point in time when the sun has dropped 6 degrees beneath the western horizon, and is the instant at which there is no longer sufficient light to see objects with the unaided eye. Also called EECT.
  • end item  - A final combination of end products, component parts, and/ or materials that is ready for its intended use.
  • end item  - the final production product when assembled or completed, and ready for issue, delivery, or deployment.
  • end of evening nautical twilight  - The point in time when the sun has dropped 12 degrees below the western horizon, and is the instant of last available daylight for the visual control of limited military operations. Also called EENT.
  • end of the war  - the date of proclamation of exchange of ratifications of the treaty of peace, unless the President shall, by proclamation, declare a prior date, in which case the date so proclaimed shall be deemed to be the end of the war.

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  • end product  - supplies delivered under a line item of a Government contract.
  • end state  - The set of required conditions that defines achievement of the commander’s objectives.
  • end user  - person that uses the solution developed by the project in the operational field.
  • endemic  - The constant presence and/ or usual presence of a disease or condition found in a population within a geographic area. This may also be thought of as the baseline.
  • end-of-message indicator  - The #, station serial number, two carriage returns, eight line feeds, and four Ns (NNNN) appearing at the end of a telegraphic transmission indicating the end of the transmission. Also called EOM.
  • endorsed cryptographic products list  - Contains products that provide electronic cryptographic coding
  • endorsing or espousing terrorism  - An alien is inadmissible under INA if the alien endorses or espouses terrorist activity or persuades others to endorse or support terrorist activity or a terrorist organization. A safe house; Transportation; Communications; Funds; Transfer of funds or other material financial benefit; False documentation or identification; Weapons including chemical, biological, or radiological weapons; Explosives; or Training.
  • endowment fund  - a fund, or a tax-exempt foundation, established and maintained by the Helen Keller National Center for the purpose of generating income for the support of the Center.
  • endowment fund corpus  - an amount equal to the Federal payments made to the Endowment Fund and amounts contributed to the Endowment Fund from non-Federal sources.
  • endowment fund income  - an amount equal to the total market value of the Endowment Fund minus the Endowment Fund corpus.
  • endpoint  - Video conferencing specific equipment used to connect to an enterprise network for the purpose of participating in a video conference.
  • end-to-end  - A term that describes joint distribution operations boundaries, which begin at the point of origin and terminate at the geographic combatant commander’s designated point of need within a desired operational area, including the return of forces and materiel.
  • Enduring Constitutional Government  - A cooperative effort among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the Federal Government, coordinated by the President, as a matter of comity with respect to the legislative and judicial branches and with proper respect for the constitutional separation of powers among the branches, to preserve the constitutional framework under which the nation is governed and the capability of all three branches of government to execute constitutional responsibilities and provide for orderly succession, appropriate transition of leadership, and interoperability and support of NEFs during a catastrophic emergency. Also called ECG.
  • enemy  - any country, government, group, or person that has been engaged in hostilities, whether or not lawfully authorized, with the United States.
  • enemy combatant  — In general, a person engaged in hostilities against the United States or its coalition

  305 partners during an armed conflict. Also called EC.Dictionary, DODD 2310.01E )

  • energy  - all forms of energy including petroleum, gas (both natural and manufactured), electricity, solid fuels (including all forms of coal, coke, coal chemicals, coal liquification, and coal gasification), solar, wind, other types of renewable energy, atomic energy, and the production, conservation, use, control, and distribution (including pipelines) of all of these forms of energy.
  • energy action  - any matter required to be transmitted, or submitted to the Congress.
  • energy audit  - a determination of the energy consumption characteristics of a building which — (A ) identifies the type, size, and rate of energy consumption of such building and the major energy using systems of such building; (B) determines appropriate energy conservation maintenance and operating procedures; and (C) indicates the need, if any, for the acquisition and installation of energy conservation measures.
  • energy audit  - any process which identifies and specifies the energy and cost savings which are likely to be realized through the purchase and installation of particular energy conservation measures or renewable-resource energy measures and which — (A) is carried out in accordance with rules of the Secretary; and (B) imposes — (i) no direct costs, with respect to individuals who are occupants of dwelling units in any State having and (ii) only reasonable costs, as determined by the Secretary, with respect to any person not described in clause (i). Rules referred to in subparagraph (A) may include minimum qualifications for, and provisions with respect to conflicts of interest of, persons carrying out such energy audits.

energy commodity — (A) petroleum products;(B) natural gas;(C) coal; (D) wind and solar energy components; and (E) biofuels.

  • energy conservation maintenance and operating procedure  - modification or modifications in the maintenance and operations of a building, and any installations therein, which are designed to reduce energy consumption in such building and which require no significant expenditure of funds.
  • energy conservation measure  - a measure which modifies any building, building system, energy consuming device associated with the building, or industrial plant, the construction of which has been completed prior to May 1, 1989, if such measure has been determined by means of an energy audit or by the Secretary, to be likely to maintain or improve the efficiency of energy use and to reduce energy costs (as calculated on the basis of energy costs reasonably projected over time, as determined by the Secretary) in an amount sufficient to enable a person to recover the total cost of purchasing and installing such measure (without regard to any tax benefit or Federal financial assistance applicable thereto) within the period of — (A) the useful life of the modification involved, as determined by the Secretary, or (B) 15 years after the purchase and installation of such measure, whichever is less. Such term does not include (i) the purchase or installation of any appliance, (ii) any conversion from one fuel or source of energy to another which is of a type which the Secretary, by rule, determines is ineligible on the basis that such type of conversion is inconsistent with national policy with respect to energy conservation or reduction of imports of fuels, or (iii) any measure, or type of measure, which the Secretary determines does not have as its primary purpose an improvement in efficiency of energy use.
  • energy conservation measure  - an installation or modification of an installation in a building which is primarily intended to maintain or reduce energy consumption and reduce energy costs or allow the use of an alternative energy source, including, but not limited to — (A) insulation of the building structure and systems within the building; (B) storm windows and doors, multiglazed windows and doors, heat absorbing or heat reflective glazed and coated windows and door systems, additional glazing, reductions in glass area, and other window and door system modifications; (C) automatic

  306   energy control systems and load management systems; (D) equipment required to operate variable steam, hydraulic, and ventilating systems adjusted by automatic energy control systems; (E) solar space heating or cooling systems, solar electric generating systems, or any combination thereof; (F) solar water heating systems;(G) furnace or utility plant and distribution system modifications including — (i) replacement burners, furnaces, boilers, or any combination thereof, which substantially increases the energy efficiency of the heating system, (ii) devices for modifying flue openings which will increase the energy efficiency of the heating system, (iii) electrical or mechanical furnace ignition systems which replace standing gas pilot lights, and (iv) utility plant system conversion measures including conversion of existing oil- and gas-fired boiler installations to alternative energy sources, including coal; (H) caulking and weather-stripping; (I) replacement or modification of lighting fixtures which replacement or modification increases the energy efficiency of the lighting system without increasing the overall illumination of a facility (unless such increase in illumination is necessary to conform to any applicable State or local building code or, if no such code applies, the increase is considered appropriate by the Secretary); (J) energy recovery systems; (K) cogeneration systems which produce steam or forms of energy such as heat, as well as electricity for use primarily within a building or a complex of buildings owned by a school or hospital and which meet such fuel efficiency requirements as the Secretary may by rule prescribe; (L) such other measures as the Secretary identifies by rule for purposes of this part; and (M) such other measures as a grant applicant shows will save a substantial amount of energy and as are identified in an energy audit prescribed.

  • energy conservation measures  - measures that are applied to a Federal building that improve energy efficiency and are life cycle cost effective and that involve energy conservation, cogeneration facilities, renewable energy sources, improvements in operations and maintenance efficiencies, or retrofit activities.

energy conservation project- (A) an undertaking to acquire and to install one or more energy conservation measures in school or hospital facilities and(B) technical assistance in connection with any such undertaking and technical assistance.  

  • energy conservation project costs  - only costs incurred in the design, acquisition, construction, and installation of energy conservation measures and technical assistance costs.
  • energy efficiency  - measures, practices, or programs that reduce the energy used by specific devices and systems, typically without adversely affecting the services provided.
  • energy efficiency product  - product in the upper 25 percent of efficiency for all similar products or, if there are applicable federal appliance or equipment efficiency standards, a product that is at least 10- percent more efficient than the minimum federal standard.
  • energy efficiency project  - the installation or upgrading of equipment that results in a significant reduction in energy usage.
  • energy efficient features or equipment  - features of, or equipment in, a primary residence that help reduce the amount of electricity used to heat, cool, or ventilate such residence, including insulation, weather-stripping, air sealing, heating system repairs, duct sealing, or other measures.
  • energy efficient product electronic  - electronic product that is engineered to use significantly less energy than that generally required by federal standards includes ENERGY STAR, Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) designed, and low-standby power devices.
  • energy intensity  - measure of the energy efficiency of a nation's economy and is calculated as units of energy per unit of gross domestic product (GDP).

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  • energy product equivalent  - an energy carrier including, but not limited to, ammonia, hydrogen, or molten salts or an energy-intensive commodity, including, but not limited to, electrometals, fresh water, or nutrients for aquaculture.
  • energy project  - a project that provides for the generation or transmission of electrical energy.
  • energy savings performance contract  - contract (such as a task ordered by a Component and awarded to an energy service company) that provides for the performance of services for the design, acquisition, financing, installation, testing, operation, and maintenance and repair of an identified energy, renewable energy, or water conservation measure or series of measures at one or more locations.
  • Energy Savings Performance Contracts  - partnerships between the U.S. Government and an Energy Services Company (ESCO), which audits, designs, and constructs a project to reduce energy costs and makes all arrangements to fund the project. The ESCO is reimbursed from the energy cost savings over a payback period of up to 25 years. ESPCs are a funding strategy endorsed by the U.S. Government through legislation in 1992. There is no mandate to use ESPCs, and the Government Accountability Office (GAO) considers them less cost effective than projects executed with appropriated funds. ESPCs are intended to help agencies achieve the goals of Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, and subsequent Executive Orders. Also called ESPC.
  • energy security  - having assured access to reliable supplies of energy and the ability to protect and deliver sufficient energy to meet mission essential requirements. (B) In selecting facility energy projects that will use renewable energy sources, pursuit of energy security means the installation will give favorable consideration to projects that provide power directly to a military facility or into the installation electrical distribution network. In such cases, projects should be prioritized to provide power for assets critical to mission essential requirements on the installation in the event of a disruption in the commercial grid.
  • Energy Star® certified  - indication for a product carrying the ENERGY STAR logo indicating that it meets international standards set by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA0 as an energy efficient product.
  • Energy Star® logo  - logo indicating that a product to which it applies meets international standards set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as an energy efficient product.
  • Energy Star® program  - joint program of the U.S. EPA and U.S. DOE to identify and promote energy– efficient products and buildings in order to reduce energy consumption, improve energy security, and reduce pollution through voluntary labeling of or other forms of communication about products and buildings that meet the highest energy efficiency standards.
  • energy survey  - a procedure used to determine energy and cost savings likely to result from the use of appropriate energy related maintenance and operating procedures and modifications, including the purchase and installation of particular energy-related equipment and the use of renewable energy sources.
  • energy sustainability  - using a renewable energy source, thermal energy source, or a highly efficient technology for transportation, electricity generation, heating, cooling, lighting, or other energy services in fixed installations.
  • energy system  - a facility designed to utilize energy released in the magnetic fusion process for the generation of electricity and the production of hydrogen or other fuels.
  • energy use intensity  - energy consumption per gross square foot of building space includes industrial and

  308   laboratory facilities. Terms )

energy-efficient maintenance -(A) the repair of military vehicles, equipment, or facility and infrastructure systems, such as lighting, heating, or cooling equipment or systems, or industrial processes, by replacement with technology that — (i) will achieve energy savings over the life-cycle of the equipment or system being repaired; and (ii) will meet the same end needs as the equipment or system being repaired; and (B) improvements in an operation or maintenance process, such as improved training or improved controls, that result in energy savings. energy-efficient product — (1) a product that — (i) Meets Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Agency criteria for use of the Energy Star trademark label; or (ii) Is in the upper 25 percent of efficiency for all similar products as designated by the Department of Energy’s Federal Energy Management Program. (2) As used in this definition, the term “product” does not include any energy-consuming product or system designed or procured for combat or combat-related missions.

  • energy-efficient standby power devices  - products that use — (1) External standby power devices, or that contain an internal standby power function; and (2) No more than one watt of electricity in their standby power consuming mode or meet recommended low standby levels as designated by the Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program.
  • energy-savings performance contract  - a contract that requires the contractor to — (1) Perform services for the design, acquisition, financing, installation, testing, operation, and where appropriate, maintenance and repair, of an identified energy conservation measure or series of measures at one or more locations; (2) Incur the costs of implementing the energy savings measures, including at least the cost (if any) incurred in making energy audits, acquiring and installing equipment, and training personnel in exchange for a predetermined share of the value of the energy savings directly resulting from implementation of such measures during the term of the contract; and (3) Guarantee future energy and cost savings to the Government.
  • enforcement action  - formal, written notification by an authorized federal, state, local, or regional authority of the alleged violation of any applicable statutory or regulatory requirement.
  • engage  - 1. In air defense, a fire control order used to direct or authorize units and/ or weapon systems to fire on a designated target. See also cease engagement; hold fire. 2. To bring the enemy under fire.
  • engage in terrorist activity  - in an individual capacity or as a member of an organization — (I) to commit or to incite to commit, under circumstances indicating an intention to cause death or serious bodily injury, a terrorist activity; (II) to prepare or plan a terrorist activity; (III) to gather information on potential targets for terrorist activity; (IV) to solicit funds or other things of value for — (aa) a terrorist activity;(bb) a terrorist organization; or (cc) a terrorist organization, unless the solicitor can demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that he did not know, and should not reasonably have known, that the organization was a terrorist organization; (V) to solicit any individual—(aa) to engage in conduct; (bb) for membership in a terrorist organization; or (cc) for membership in a terrorist organization unless the solicitor can demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that he did not know, and should not reasonably have known, that the organization was a terrorist organization; or (VI) to commit an act that the actor knows, or reasonably should know, affords material support, including a safe house, transportation, communications, funds, transfer of funds or other material financial benefit, false documentation or identification, weapons (including chemical, biological, or radiological weapons), explosives, or training — (aa) for the commission of a terrorist activity; (bb) to any individual who the actor knows, or reasonably should know, has committed or plans to commit a terrorist activity; (cc) to a terrorist organization or to any member of such an organization; or (dd) to a terrorist organization, or to any member of such an organization, unless the actor can demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that the actor did

  309 not know, and should not reasonably have known, that the organization was a terrorist organization.

  • engagement  - 1. In air defense, an attack with guns or air-to-air missiles by an interceptor aircraft, or the launch of an air defense missile by air defense artillery and the missile’s subsequent travel to intercept. 2. A tactical conflict, usually between opposing lower echelons maneuver forces. See also battle; campaign.
  • engagement authority  - An authority vested with a joint force commander that may be delegated to a subordinate commander, that permits an engagement decision.
  • engineer support plan  - An appendix to the logistics annex or separate annex of an operation plan that identifies the minimum essential engineering services and construction requirements required to support the commitment of military forces. Also called ESP. See also operation plan.
  • engineered  - subjected to intervention, including intervention to address one or more of the following issues: (A) Lack of effective permeability or porosity or open fracture connectivity within the reservoir. (B) Insufficient contained geofluid in the reservoir.
(C) A low average geothermal gradient, which necessitates deeper drilling.
  • engineering standard  - a standard which prescribes (A) a concise set of conditions and requirements that must be satisfied by a material, product, process, procedure, convention, or test method; and (B) the physical, functional, performance and/ or conformance characteristics thereof.
  • english language acquisition program  - a program of instruction — (A) designed to help eligible individuals who are English language learners achieve competence in reading, writing, speaking, and comprehension of the English language; and (B) that leads to—(i)(I) attainment of a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent; and (II) transition to postsecondary education and training; or
(ii) employment.
  • english language learner  - an eligible individual who has limited ability in reading, writing, speaking, or comprehending the English language, and—(A) whose native language is a language other than English; or(B) who lives in a family or community environment where a language other than English is the dominant language.
  • English-Language Officer  - An individual under contract to the Department of States Office of Language Services (A/ OPR/ LS), assigned to accompany English-speaking participants to facilitate the visitors travel and help interpret American society and culture. Also called ELO.
  • Enhanced Alternate Communications Terminal  - A Microsoft Outlook application designed for telegram processing and delivery at small posts without full-time IM presence. Central server functions are performed by technicians in the Main State Messaging Center (MSMC). Also called EACT.
  • enhanced geothermal systems  - geothermal reservoir systems that are engineered, as opposed to occurring naturally.
  • enhanced-use lease  - a written lease entered into by the Secretary under this subchapter.
  • enlisted member  - a member of the naval service serving in an enlisted grade or rating. It excludes, unless otherwise specified, a member who holds a permanent enlisted grade and a temporary

  310   appointment in a commissioned or warrant officer grade.

  • enlisted member  - a person enlisted in, or inducted, called, or conscripted into, an armed force in an enlisted grade.
  • enlisted member  - a person in an enlisted grade.
  • enrolled bill  - A bill or resolution passed by both Houses of Congress and presented to the President for action.
  • enrollment date  - the date of enrollment of the individual in the plan or coverage or, if earlier, the first day of the waiting period for such enrollment.
  • enrollment date  - with respect to an individual covered under a group health plan or health insurance coverage, the date of enrollment of the individual in the plan or coverage or, if earlier, the first day of the waiting period for such enrollment.
  • enter and entry  - the entry, or withdrawal from warehouse for consumption, of merchandise in the customs territory of the United States.
  • enter/ entry  - to move into, or the act of movement into, the commerce of the United States.
  • enterprise  - the related activities performed (either through unified operation or common control) by any person or persons for a common business purpose, and includes all such activities whether performed in one or more establishments or by one or more corporate or other organizational units including departments of an establishment operated through leasing arrangements, but shall not include the related activities performed for such enterprise by an independent contractor. A retail or service establishment which is under independent ownership shall not be deemed to be so operated or controlled as to be other than a separate and distinct enterprise by reason of any arrangement, which includes, but is not necessarily limited to, an agreement, (A) that it will sell, or sell only, certain goods specified by a particular manufacturer, distributor, or advertiser, or (B) that it will join with other such establishments in the same industry for the purpose of collective purchasing, or (C) that it will have the exclusive right to sell the goods or use the brand name of a manufacturer, distributor, or advertiser within a specified area, or by reason of the fact that it occupies premises leased to it by a person who also leases premises to other retail or service establishments.

enterprise architecture- (a) (i) a strategic information asset base, which defines the mission; (ii) the information necessary to perform the mission; (iii) the technologies necessary to perform the mission; and (iv) the transitional processes for implementing new technologies in response to changing mission needs; and (b) includes – (i) a baseline architecture; (ii) a target architecture; and (iii) a sequencing plan.

  • enterprise architecture  - Enterprise architecture is defined by three unique groups- (1) The Department level business function and information flow; (2) The supporting technologies; and (3) The crosscutting security architecture. The business is defined through the functions performed and supporting information flows; the technology by the data, application, and technical infrastructure layers; and the security architecture that affects all layers. In the architecture, the existing state is the as is or current architecture, whereas anticipated changes to meet the Departments future needs are represented in the to be or target architecture. A transition plan is included in the enterprise architecture to identify how the gap between the as is and the to be states will be closed. Finally, a technical reference model and standards profile is included to provide the supporting technology

  311 with appropriate technical standards. Also called EA.

  • enterprise architecture  - technique for documenting, evaluating, and planning an organization’s business objectives and the business activities, information, standards, and capabilities that support those objectives.
  • enterprise Architecture  - The practice of applying a comprehensive and rigorous method for describing a current or future structure for an organizations processes, data, information systems, technology, and organizational sub-units, so that they align with the organizations core goals and strategic direction. Although often associated strictly with information technology, it relates more broadly to the practice of business optimization in that it addresses business architecture, performance management, and process architecture as well.
  • enterprise architecture board  - group of Department executives that review and make recommendations to the Acquisition Review Board (ARB) regarding all information technology (IT) investments or non-IT investments with IT elements, regardless of level.
  • enterprise architecture line of sight diagram  - A diagram for each IT initiative that brings together all of the components of the Federal Enterprise Architecture Models (e.g., BRM, PRM, etc.) onto a single graphic illustration that reflects how value is created as inputs (e.g., technology) are used to create outputs via the business processes and activities, which in turn, impact outcomes (i.e., mission, business and customer results).
  • enterprise data  - sum of all data collected, created, used, managed, maintained, shared and stored by entities and programs that warrants stewardship by the appropriate data stewards from an enterprise perspective.
  • enterprise force structure  - The digitized hierarchical representation of Department of Defense organizations, documented in accordance with the standardized precepts of the Organizational and Force Structure Construct, generated and shared from .org servers for Department of Defense-wide integration and use.
  • enterprise integration  - the electronic linkage of health care providers, health plans, the government, and other interested parties, to enable the electronic exchange and use of health information among all the components in the health care infrastructure in accordance with applicable law, and such term includes related application protocols and other related standards.
  • enterprise integration  - the electronic linkage of manufacturers, assemblers, suppliers, and customers to enable the electronic exchange of product, manufacturing, and other business data among all partners in a product supply chain, and such term includes related application protocols and other related standard.
  • enterprise mobile devices  - Devices the Department has approved to directly connect to an Enterprise network (e.g., OpenNet BlackBerry, USB drive). This does not include remote access through Global OpenNet (GO).
  • enterprise record schedule  - agency specific record schedule developed to provide disposition authorization for records common to multiple DHS Components, which are not already covered by the General Record Schedule.
  • enterprise records scheduling  - process of coordinating the enterprise-level submission of records disposition requests to National Archives and Records Administration for common functions across the Department requires the Records Management Program Office to research existing DHS-wide and Component-specific schedules to ascertain the presence of specific classes of records, desired/

  312   required retention periods, and the existence of current disposition authority.

  • enterprise risk management  - comprehensive approach to risk management that engages organizational systems and processes together to improve the quality of decision making for managing risks that may hinder an organization from achieving its objectives.
  • enterprise service bus  - enterprise integration architecture that allows incremental integration driven by business requirements, not technology limitations.
  • entitled to immigrant classification  - a. Is the beneficiary of an approved petition granting immediate relative or preference status; b. Has satisfied the consular officer as to entitlement to special immigrant status; c. Has been selected by the annual selection system to apply under INA; or d. Is an alien.

entitlement authority- (A) the authority to make payments (including loans and grants), the budget authority for which is not provided for in advance by appropriation Acts, to any person or government if, under the provisions of the law containing that authority, the United States is obligated to make such payments to persons or governments who meet the requirements established by that law; and (B) the food stamp program.

  • entity  - A corporation and subsidiaries it controls, company, association, firm, partnership, society, joint stock company, or any other organization or institution, including any officer, employee, or agent of such entity. The term is all inclusive and applies to commercial ventures and nonprofit organizations as well as to foreign, State, and local governments, including the Government of the District of Columbia. It does not include any agency or other entity of the Federal Government or any officer or employee thereof when acting in his or her official capacity on behalf of that agency or entity.
  • entity  - a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization.
  • entity  - Within the context of targeting, a term used to describe facilities, organizations, individuals, equipment, or virtual (nontangible) things.

entity controlled by a foreign government- (A) any domestic or foreign organization or corporation that is effectively owned or controlled by a foreign government; and (B) any individual acting on behalf of a foreign government, as determined by the President.

  • entrance on duty  - date person began working for a particular federal agency.
  • entrance on duty determination  - preliminary risk management decision that allows personnel to commence work before the required background investigation is completed.
  • entry  - in appropriate circumstances as determined by the administering authority, a reconciliation entry created under a reconciliation process that is initiated by an importer. The liability of an importer under an antidumping or countervailing duty proceeding for entries of merchandise subject to the proceeding will attach to the corresponding reconciliation entry or entries. Suspension of liquidation of the reconciliation entry or entries, for the purpose of enforcing this subtitle, is equivalent to the suspension of liquidation of the corresponding individual entries; but the suspension of liquidation of the reconciliation entry or entries for such purpose does not preclude liquidation for any other purpose.
  • entry  - a withdrawal from warehouse for consumption.

  313

  • entry on duty determination - (See  - entrance on duty determination (*) )
  • environment  - totality of surrounding conditions includes: (1) The natural conditions (weather, climate, ocean conditions, terrain, vegetation, dust, etc.) and induced conditions (electromagnetic interference, heat, vibration, etc.) that constrain the design definitions for end products and their enabling products; (2) External factors affecting an enterprise or project; and (3) External factors affecting development tools, methods, or processes
  • environment  - water, air, land, and all plants and man and other animals living therein, and the interrelationships which exist among these.
  • environment and social threat  - threat of catastrophic destruction of marine or land resources, conflict between nation-states over maritime or land resources, and mass migration flows that have the potential to harm the maritime or land domains or destabilize regions of the world.
  • environment of operation  - the physical surroundings in which an information system processes, stores, and transmits information.
  • environment, safety, and occupational health requirements  - requires programs to focus on human error reduction and elimination of mechanical/ electrical failures, communication noise and other factors or potential causes of personnel casualty or negative environmental impact may be involved in a wide array of activities.
  • environmental aspect  - element of an entity's activity, facilities, products, or services that does or can interact with the environment includes energy and transportation functions.\
  • environmental baseline survey  - A multi-disciplinary site survey conducted prior to or in the initial stage of an operational deployment. Also called EBS. See also general engineering.
  • environmental compliance assessment  - formal determination of environmental compliance conducted onsite using established protocols include the United States Army Engineering Research Development Center Construction Engineering Research Laboratory’s The Environmental Assessment Manual (TEAM) Guide.
  • environmental condition  - ambient surrounding conditions to include weather conditions such as temperature, precipitation, fog, dust, etc.
  • environmental considerations  - The spectrum of environmental media, resources, or programs that may affect the planning and execution of military operations.
  • environmental extraordinary circumstances  - environmental condition in which a normally categorically excluded action under National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) may have a significant environmental effect.
  • environmental financial liabilities  - obligations based on the principle that a polluting party should pay for any and all damage caused to the environment by its activities.
  • environmental health condition  - 
(A) asbestosis, pleural thickening, or pleural plaques, as established by—(i) interpretation by a B Reader qualified physician of a plain chest x-ray or interpretation of a computed tomographic radiograph of the chest by a qualified physician, as determined by the Secretary; or (ii) such other diagnostic standards as the Secretary specifies; (B) mesothelioma, or malignancies of the lung, colon, rectum, larynx, stomach, esophagus, pharynx, or ovary, as established by — (i) pathologic examination of biopsy tissue;
(ii) cytology from bronchioalveolar

  314   lavage; or
(iii) such other diagnostic standards as the Secretary specifies; and (C) any other medical condition which the Secretary determines is caused by exposure to a hazardous substance or pollutant or contaminant at a Superfund site to which an emergency declaration applies, based on such criteria and as established by such diagnostic standards as the Secretary specifies.

  • environmental impact  - change to the environment resulting from an environmental aspect associated with an entity’s activities, products, or services may be adverse or beneficial.
  • environmental laws  - environmental statutes and regulations enforceable by action of the Federal Government.
  • environmental liabilities cost estimate approver  - person who verifies and agrees to environmental liabilities cost estimates for that are provided by the estimator.
  • environmental liability  - probable, measurable and reasonably estimable future outflow or expenditure of resources that exist as of the financial reporting date for environmental cleanup costs results from past transactions or incidents.
  • environmental management policy statement  - statement providing a framework for setting and reviewing environmental objectives and targets and how such are to be documented, implemented, maintained, and communicated is appropriate to the nature, scale, and environmental impacts of an entity's activities, products, and services and that makes commitments to continual improvement, prevention of pollution, and compliance with environmental legislation, regulations, Executive Orders, and organizational requirements.
  • environmental management system  - systematic approach to continually improve overall environmental performance and to better manage and reduce environmental impacts incorporates the evaluation and identification of the environmental risks of activities, setting objectives and targets, applying operational controls and specifying roles and responsibilities that result in the implementation of a set of procedures and programs enabling an organization to increase its operating efficiency; includes the environmental aspects related to energy and transportation functions.
  • environmental planning and historic preservation  - effort required to systematically address the environmental stewardship and compliance requirements in public policy during program and project planning, development, and design; and prior to execution of a proposed action for the purpose of protecting, sustaining, or restoring the quality of the human environment consists wholly or in part of scoping, development and consideration of the proposed action and alternatives, environmental impact evaluation, consideration of mitigation and monitoring, consultation, and public involvement.
  • environmental planning and historic preservation decision support system  - IT system designed to use automation to standardize and improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the Department’s environmental planning and historic preservation reviews enables environmental planning and historic preservation knowledge sharing across the Department and serves as the Department’s system of record for environmental planning and historic preservation reviews.
  • environmental planning and historic preservation document  - document prepared during the environmental planning and historic preservation review process and leading to or recording an agency’s decision regarding a proposed action.
  • environmental planning and historic preservation program manager  - person designated in a Component’s approved supplemental procedures as the single point of contact in a Component responsible for coordination with Occupational Safety and Environmental Programs (OSEP) on all environmental planning and historic preservation matters.

  315

  • environmental planning and historic preservation requirements  - statutes, regulations, executive orders, and relevant implementing procedures for the stewardship of natural, historic, and cultural resources, and the protection of communities and public health.
  • Environmental Protection Agency designated item  - item designated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in a Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG) and for which the EPA has recommended procurement practices, including requirements for recovered materials content levels, in a Recovered Material Advisory Notice (RMAN).
  • environmental rights extremist  - group or person who facilitate or engage in acts of unlawful violence against people, businesses, or government entities perceived to be destroying, degrading, or exploiting the natural environment.
  • environmentally preferable  - class of products or services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment as compared with competing products or services that serve the same .purpose
  • environmentally preferable  - products or services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing products or services that serve the same purpose. This comparison may consider raw materials acquisition, production, manufacturing, packaging, distribution, reuse, operation, maintenance, or disposal of the product or service.
  • epidemic  - The increase of cases of a disease, often occurring suddenly, than what would be expected for that population in that area or at that time. Even one or two cases of certain diseases (such as cholera) can be considered an epidemic in other circumstances, an epidemic is defined by where the cases occur (e.g., West Nile virus in the United States) or when the cases occur (e.g., influenza in the summer).
  • ePrepare  - A State Department Web site, managed by A/ OEM, that serves as a single point for Department personnel to access consolidated emergency preparedness information for both the office and home.
  • equipment  - an article of nonexpendable, tangible personal property having a useful life of more than one year and an acquisition cost which equals or exceeds the lesser of the capitalization level established by the governmental unit for financial statement purposes, or $5000.
  • equipment  - an article of nonexpendable, tangible personal property having a useful life of more than one year and an acquisition cost which equals or exceeds the lesser of the capitalization level established by the institution for financial statement purposes, or $5000.
  • equipment  - an article of nonexpendable, tangible personal property having a useful life of more than one year and an acquisition cost which equals or exceeds the lesser of the capitalization level established by the non-profit organization for financial statement purposes, or $5000.
  • equipment  - In logistics, all nonexpendable items needed to outfit or equip an individual or organization. See also component; supplies.
  • equipment  - tangible nonexpendable personal property including exempt property charged directly to the award having a useful life of more than one year and an acquisition cost of $5000 or more per unit. However, consistent with recipient policy, lower limits may be established.
  • equipment  - Tangible, nonexpendable personal property including exempt property charged directly to the award having a useful life of more than one year and an acquisition cost of $5000 or more per unit. Consistent with recipient policy, lower limits may be established.

  316  

  • equipment  - Those items required for safe, comfortable, and proper habitability of a residence, including window and split air-conditioners, smoke detectors, fire extinguishers, humidifiers, and dehumidifiers.
  • equivalent increase  - an increase or increases in the employees rate of basic pay equal to or greater than one step increase.
  • error  - difference between the desired and actual performance or behavior of a system or object may be a design flaw, malfunction, or operator generated occurrence.
  • escalation  - occurrence of increased intensity or seriousness requiring additional resources in response.
  • escapee  - Any person who has been physically captured by the enemy and succeeds in getting free.
  • escort  - A member of the Armed Forces assigned to accompany, assist, or guide an individual or group, e.g., an escort officer.
  • escorted access  - limited form of access that requires an authorized person to accompany a visitor while inside a secured facility or building.
  • especially hazardous cargo  - anhydrous ammonia, ammonium nitrate, chlorine, liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, and any other substance, material, or group or class of material, in a particular amount and form that the Secretary determines by regulation poses a significant risk of creating a transportation security incident while being transported in maritime commerce.
  • essential agricultural use  - any use of natural gas — (A) for agricultural production, natural fiber production, natural fiber processing, food processing, food quality maintenance, irrigation pumping, crop drying, or (B) as a process fuel or feedstock in the production of fertilizer, agricultural chemicals, animal feed, or food, which the Secretary of Agriculture determines is necessary for full food and fiber production. high-priority user - any person who — (A) uses natural gas in a residence; (B) uses natural gas in a commercial establishment in amounts of less than 50 Mcf on a peak day; (C) uses natural gas in any school, hospital, or similar institution; or (D) uses natural gas in any other use the curtailment of which the Secretary of Energy determines would endanger life, health, or maintenance of physical property.
  • essential care  - Medical treatment provided to manage the casualty throughout the roles of care, which includes all care and treatment to either return the patient to duty (within the theater evacuation policy), or begin initial treatment required for optimization of outcome, and/ or stabilization to ensure the patient can tolerate evacuation. See also en route care; first responder; forward resuscitative care; theater.
  • essential components of reading instruction  - explicit and systematic instruction in—(A) phonemic awareness; 
(B) phonics;
(C) vocabulary development;
(D) reading fluency, including oral reading skills; and (E) reading comprehension strategies.
  • essential elements of friendly information  - Key questions likely to be asked by adversary officials and intelligence systems about specific friendly intentions, capabilities, and activities, so they can obtain answers critical to their operational effectiveness. Also called EEFI.
  • essential elements of information  - The most critical information requirements regarding the adversary and the environment needed by the commander by a particular time to relate with other available information and intelligence in order to assist in reaching a logical decision. Also called EEIs.

  317

  • essential employee  - an individual who is employed by a small business concern and whose managerial or technical expertise is critical to the successful day-to-day operations of that small business concern.
  • essential functions  - job duties of the employment position. Essential function does not include marginal functions. A function may be essential if, among other things- (1) The position exists specifically to perform that function; (2) There are a limited number of other employees who could perform the function; or (3) The function is specialized and the individual is hired based on his or her ability to perform it.
  • essential functions  - job duty so fundamental to a position that the position requirements cannot be acceptably fulfilled without successful performance of the function.
  • essential functions  - The critical activities performed by departments and agencies in the Federal Government. There are three categories of essential functions - NEFs, PMEFs, and MEFs.
  • essential industrial process or feedstock use  - any use of natural gas in an industrial process or as a feedstock which the Secretary determines is essential.
  • essential operating record  - documentary material and database essential to the reconstitution of an organization after an emergency include staffing plans, directives, program records needed to reconstitute program activities, and policy(s) or procedural records that assist agency staff in resuming normal operations after an emergency.
  • essential personnel  - employees in positions that are required for the continuation of the Department's primary mission-essential functions includes functions identified as mission essential functions (MEF), national essential functions (NEF), and primary mission essential functions (PMEF); includes employees categorized as: Mission Critical Personnel; COOP Personnel; Contingency/ Incident Personnel; Emergency Personnel; and Exempt Employees; positions may require specific skills, knowledge, certifications or credentials, and some positions may fall under more than one category.
  • essential service provider  - an entity that — (1) provides — (A) telecommunications service;(B) electrical power;(C) natural gas;(D) water and sewer services; or(E) any other essential service, as determined by the President; (2) is—(A) a municipal entity;(B) a nonprofit entity; or(C) a private, for profit entity; and (3) is contributing to efforts to respond to an emergency or major disaster.
  • essential supporting activity  - specific supporting activity an organization must conduct in order to perform its mission essential functions (MEFs) in terms of vital records.
  • essential task  - A specified or implied task that an organization must perform to accomplish the mission that is typically included in the mission statement. See also implied task; specified task.
  • essential vessel  - a vessel that is—(1)(A) security for a mortgage indebtedness to the United States Government; or (B) constructed under this subtitle or required by a contract under this subtitle to be operated on a certain essential foreign trade route; and (2) necessary in the interests of commerce and national defense to be maintained in condition for prompt use.
  • essentially derived variety  - a variety that — (i) is predominantly derived from another variety (referred to in this paragraph as the initial variety) or from a variety that is predominantly derived from the initial variety, while retaining the expression of the essential characteristics that result from the genotype or combination of genotypes of the initial variety; (ii) is clearly distinguishable from the initial variety; and (iii) except for differences that result from the act of derivation, conforms to the initial variety in the expression of the essential characteristics that result from the genotype or

  318   combination of genotypes of the initial variety.

  • established Federal standard  - any operative occupational safety and health standard established by any agency of the United States and presently in effect, or contained in any Act of Congress in force on December 29, 1970.
  • establishing directive  - An order issued to specify the purpose of the support relationship.
  • establishment  - any place where a pesticide or device or active ingredient used in producing a pesticide is produced, or held, for distribution or sale.
  • establishment of a community rehabilitation program  - the acquisition, expansion, remodeling, or alteration of existing buildings necessary to adapt them to community rehabilitation program purposes or to increase their effectiveness for such purposes (subject, however, to such limitations as the Secretary of Education may determine, in accordance with regulations the Secretary of Education shall prescribe, in order to prevent impairment of the objectives of, or duplication of, other Federal laws providing Federal assistance in the construction of facilities for community rehabilitation programs), and may include such additional equipment and staffing as the Commissioner considers appropriate.
  • estimate  - 1. An analysis of a foreign situation, development, or trend that identifies its major elements, interprets the significance, and appraises the future possibilities and the prospective results of the various actions that might be taken. 2. An appraisal of the capabilities, vulnerabilities, and potential courses of action of a foreign nation or combination of nations in consequence of a specific national plan, policy, decision, or contemplated course of action. 3. An analysis of an actual or contemplated clandestine operation in relation to the situation in which it is or would be conducted in order to identify and appraise such factors as available as well as needed assets and potential obstacles, accomplishments, and consequences. See also intelligence estimate.
  • estimated net explosives weight  - reference to the estimated weight of the main charge derived from observations of the blast effects and crater characteristics.
  • estimating costs  - the process of forecasting a future result in terms of cost, based upon information available at the time.
  • estimative intelligence  — Intelligence that identifies, describes, and forecasts adversary capabilities and the implications for planning and executing military operations.
  • estimator  - person who calculates the price, value, number, quantity, or extent of something.
  • estuary  - a part of a river or stream or other body of water that has an unimpaired connection with the open sea and where the sea water is measurably diluted with fresh water derived from land drainage. The term also includes near coastal waters and wetlands of the Great Lakes that are similar in form and function to estuaries, including the area located in the Great Lakes biogeographic region and designated as a National Estuarine Research Reserve under the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972.
  • estuary habitat  - the physical, biological, and chemical elements associated with an estuary, including the complex of physical and hydrologic features and living organisms within the estuary and associated ecosystems.
  • estuary habitat restoration activity  - an activity that results in improving degraded estuaries or estuary habitat or creating estuary habitat (including both physical and functional restoration), with the goal

  319 of attaining a self-sustaining system integrated into the surrounding landscape. §2902 )

  • estuary habitat restoration plan  - any Federal, State, or regional plan for restoration of degraded estuary habitat that was developed with the substantial participation of appropriate public and private stakeholders.
  • estuary habitat restoration project  - a project to carry out an estuary habitat restoration activity.
  • etiologic agent  - viable organism or its toxin that causes or may cause human disease, and any material of biological origin that poses a degree of hazard.
  • evacuation  - 1. Removal of a patient by any of a variety of transport means from a theater of military operation, or between health services capabilities, for the purpose of preventing further illness or injury, providing additional care, or providing disposition of patients from the military health care system. 2. The clearance of personnel, animals, or materiel from a given locality. 3. The controlled process of collecting, classifying, and shipping unserviceable or abandoned materiel, United States or foreign, to appropriate reclamation, maintenance, technical intelligence, or disposal facilities. 4. The ordered or authorized departure of noncombatant evacuees from a specific area to another in the same or different countries by Department of State, Department of Defense, or appropriate military commander. See also evacuee; noncombatant evacuation operation.
  • evacuation  - An action taken that requires all persons in a Department facility to leave the facility and move to a safe area. Evacuations are generally ordered under emergency conditions and may occur with little or no warning. Evacuations may be local (e.g., evacuation of a building) or regional (e.g., evacuation of a city or an area).
  • evacuation  - organized and supervised withdrawal, dispersal, or removal of civilians from hazardous or potentially hazardous areas, and their reception and care in designated safe areas.
  • evacuation  - Organized, phased, and supervised withdrawal, dispersal, or removal of civilians from dangerous or potentially dangerous areas, and their reception and care in safe areas.
  • evacuation, relocation, and internment period  - that period beginning on December 7, 1941, and ending on June 30, 1946.
  • evacuee  - A civilian removed from a place of residence by military direction for reasons of personal security or the requirements of the military situation. See also displaced person; refugee.
  • evacuee  - person subject to an organized and supervised withdrawal, dispersal, or removal from a hazardous or potentially hazardous area.
  • evade and evasion  - entering covered merchandise into the customs territory of the United States by means of any document or electronically transmitted data or information, written or oral statement, or act that is material and false, or any omission that is material, and that results in any cash deposit or other security or any amount of applicable antidumping or countervailing duties being reduced or not being applied with respect to the merchandise.
  • evader  - Any person isolated in hostile or unfriendly territory who eludes capture.
  • evaluate phase  - capital planning phase that requires information technology investments to be reviewed once they are operational to determine whether the investments meet expectations.
  • evaluation  - answers the "why" or "why not" of performance, as well as the "what else" question. It is

  320   used on a periodic basis to identify the reasons for success or lack of it, to assess effects and impacts, or to indicate which, among a range of program or project/ activity alternatives, is the most efficient and effective. It may also be used to draw lessons for future interventions. USAID, 3D Guide, Glossary )

  • evaluation  - In intelligence usage, appraisal of an item of information in terms of credibility, reliability, pertinence, and accuracy.
  • evaluation  - Individual, systematic studies to assess how well a program is working to achieve intended results or outcomes. They are often conducted by experts external to the program either inside or outside an agency. Evaluations can help policymakers and agency managers strengthen the design and operation of programs and can help determine how best to spend taxpayer dollars effectively and efficiently. Evaluations identified should be performed with appropriate scope, quality, and independence.
  • evaluation  - process of examining, measuring and/ or judging how well a entity, procedure, or action has met or is meeting stated objectives includes the assessment of test results, using appropriate analytical and statistical techniques, to draw conclusions about a system’s capability to meet defined requirements in order to inform decision makers. Integrated evaluation uses information from all relevant sources, including but not limited to developmental and operational testing, to draw conclusions about the operational effectiveness and suitability of a system, usually to inform decision makers prior to making ADE-3 procurement decisions.
  • evaluation  - risk assessment, inspection, or risk assessment and inspection.
  • evaluation agent  — The command or agency designated in the evaluation directive to be responsible for the planning, coordination, and conduct of the required evaluation of a joint test publication. See also joint doctrine; joint test publication.
  • evaluation and corrective action documentation  - The documents that explain and support the results of corrective action reviews and must be maintained for risk assessments, management control reviews, and follow-up corrective actions. They should contain the methodology used; the personnel involved and their roles; the key factors considered; the evidence reviewed; and the conclusions reached. This information will be useful for reviewing the validity of conclusions reached; evaluating the performance of individuals and the effectiveness of controls involved in the assessments and reviews; and for performing subsequent assessments and reviews. The incumbent manager of the segment must retain this documentation for a period of not less than 3 years.
  • evaluation and feedback  - In intelligence usage, continuous assessment of intelligence operations throughout the intelligence process to ensure that the commander’s intelligence requirements are being met. See intelligence process.
  • Evaluation Assurance Level  - A numerical grade assigned to an information technology product or system following the completion of a Common Criteria security evaluation. EAL levels are 1-7. Also called EAL.
  • Evaluation Assurance Level  - An assurance requirement as defined by Common Criteria, an international standard in effect since 1999, to replace the ratings (e.g., C2) found in the Orange Book that were set by the National Computer Security Center (NCSC). The increasing assurance levels (i.e., EAL1 through EAL7) define increasing assurance requirements in computer systems. These levels are - EAL1 - Functionally Tested EAL2 - Structurally Tested EAL3 - Methodically Tested and Checked EAL4 - Methodically Designed, Tested and Reviewed EAL5 - Semiformally Designed and Tested EAL6 - Semiformally Verified Design and Tested EAL7 - Formally Verified

  321 Design and Tested. Also called EAL.

  • Evaluation Notice  - The contracting officers written notification to the offeror for purposes of clarifications, communications or in support of discussions. Also called EN.
  • evasion  - The process whereby isolated personnel avoid capture with the goal of successfully returning to areas under friendly control.
  • evasion aid  - In personnel recovery, any piece of information or equipment designed to assist an individual in avoiding capture. See also blood chit; evasion; evasion chart; pointee-talkee; recovery; recovery operations.
  • evasion chart  - A special map or chart designed as an evasion aid. Also called EVC. See also evasion; evasion aid.
  • evasion plan of action  - A course of action, developed prior to executing a combat mission, that is intended to improve a potential isolated person’s chances of successful evasion and recovery by providing the recovery forces with an additional source of information that can increase the predictability of the evader’s action and movement. Also called EPA. See also course of action; evader; evasion.

evasion –refers to entering covered merchandise into the customs territory of the United States by means of any document or electronically transmitted data or information, written or oral statement, or act that is material and false, or any omission that is material, and that results in any cash deposit or other security or any amount of applicable antidumping or countervailing duties being reduced or not being applied with respect to the merchandise.

  • event  - Any observable occurrence in a network or system.
  • event  - planned, non-emergency activity occurring in a particular place during a particular interval of time includes occurrences such as parades and sporting contests.
  • event matrix  - A cross-referenced description of the indicators and activity expected to occur in each named area of interest. See also activity; area of interest; indicator.
  • event recorder  - a device that: (1) records train speed, hot box detection, throttle position, brake application, brake operations, and any other function the Secretary of Transportation considers necessary to record to assist in monitoring the safety of train operation, such as time and signal indication; and (2) is designed to resist tampering.
  • event signature development/ device profiling  - process of analyzing the tactical and technical identifiers of an improvised explosive device incident to support force protection, targeting, prosecution, and sourcing.
  • event template  - A guide for collection planning that depicts the named areas of interest where activity, or its lack of activity, will indicate which course of action the adversary has adopted. See also activity; area of interest; collection planning; course of action.
  • event tree  - graphical tool used to illustrate the range and probabilities of possible outcomes that arise from an initiating event.
  • evidence  - the information used to formulate goals, objectives, and strategies in this plan. This information increases the likelihood that the strategies and objectives presented will achieve their performance outcomes. Evidence can be quantitative or qualitative and may include, but is not

  322   limited to performance measurement, research studies, evaluations, statistical data series, and data analytics.

  • evidence of citizenship/ nationality  - Documents used to establish U.S. citizenship/ non-citizen U.S. nationality in accordance with federal regulations.
  • evolutionary acquisition  - strategy that adapts to a changing environment by rapidly acquiring and sustaining a supportable core capability and incrementally inserting new technology or additional capability.
  • ex parte communication  - an oral or written communication not on the public record with respect to which reasonable prior notice to all parties is not given, but it shall not include requests for status reports on any matter or proceeding covered by this subchapter.
  • examination  - an inspection of cargo to detect the presence of misdeclared, restricted, or prohibited items that utilizes nonintrusive imaging and detection technology.
  • examine  - process of performing direct, indirect, and/ or informational investigation and inspection of an individual , place, thing, or event to determine compliance or deviation includes the process of comparing or testing financial and/ or operational records against management’s assertions or other criteria during the performance of an internal review.
  • excepted benefits  - benefits under one or more (or any combination thereof) of the following.
  • excepted service Federal  - civil position which is not in the competitive service or the Senior Executive Service (SES).
  • exceptional ability  - as something more than what is usual, ordinary, or common, and requires some rare or unusual talent, or unique or extraordinary ability in a calling which, of itself, requires that talent or skill. Individuals must have attained a status in their field wherein contemporaries recognize exceptional ability.
  • exceptional circumstances  - to exceptional circumstances (such as battery or extreme cruelty to the alien or any child or parent of the alien, serious illness of the alien, or serious illness or death of the spouse, child, or parent of the alien, but not including less compelling circumstances) beyond the control of the alien.
  • exceptional event  - an event that (i) affects air quality; (ii) is not reasonably controllable or preventable;
  • exceptional resource  - a resource of scientific, natural, historic, cultural, or recreational value that has been documented by a Federal, State, or local governmental authority, and for which there is a compelling need for conservation and protection under the jurisdiction of a Federal agency in order to maintain the resource for the benefit of the public.
  • excess burden  - Unless a tax is imposed in the form of a lump sum unrelated to economic activity, such as a head tax, it will affect economic decisions on the margin. Departures from economic efficiency resulting from the distorting effect of taxes are called excess burdens because they disadvantage society without adding to Treasury receipts. This concept is also sometimes referred to as deadweight loss.

  323

  • excess defense articles  - the quantity of defense articles (other than construction equipment, including tractors, scrapers, loaders, graders, bulldozers, dump trucks, generators, and compressors) owned by the United States Government, and not procured in anticipation of military assistance or sales requirements, or pursuant to a military assistance or sales order, which is in excess of the Approved Force Acquisition Objective and Approved Force Retention Stock of all Department of Defense Components at the time such articles are dropped from inventory by the supplying agency for delivery to countries or international organizations under this Act.
  • excess foreign currencies  - foreign currencies or credits owned by or owed to the United States which are, under applicable agreements with the foreign country concerned, available for the use of the United States Government and are determined by the President to be excess to the normal requirements of departments and agencies of the United States for such currencies or credits and are not prohibited by an agreement entered into with the foreign country concerned. The President shall take all appropriate steps to assure that, to the maximum extent possible, United States-owned foreign currencies are utilized in lieu of dollars. Dollar funds made available pursuant to this Act shall not be expended for goods and services when United States-owned foreign currencies are available for such purposes unless the administrative official approving the voucher certifies as to the reason for the use of dollars in each case. (c) In addition to funds otherwise available, excess foreign currencies, may be made available to friendly foreign governments and to private, nonprofit United States organizations to carry out voluntary family planning programs in countries which request such assistance. No such program shall be assisted unless the President has received assurances that in the administration of such program the recipient will take reasonable precautions to insure that no person receives any family planning assistance or supplies unless he desires such services. The excess foreign currencies made available shall not, in any one year, exceed 5 per centum of the aggregate of all excess foreign currencies.
  • excess leave status  - leave approved to be used by a member of the armed forces that is unearned leave for which a member is unable to accrue leave credit during the member's current term of service before the member's separation.
  • excess luggage  - The extra weight or number of pieces of accompanied baggage (luggage) that exceed the checked luggage allowance.
  • excess personal property  - any personal property under the control of a Federal agency that the agency head determines is not required for its needs or for the discharge of its responsibilities.
  • excess property  - Personal property no longer needed within the Department to carry out the functions of official duties or programs.
  • excess property  - property under the control of any Federal awarding agency that, as determined by the head thereof, is no longer required for its needs or the discharge of its responsibilities.
  • excessive tarmac delay  - a tarmac delay of more than — (A) 3 hours for a flight in interstate air transportation; or (B) 4 hours for a flight in foreign air transportation.
  • exchange  - any organization, association, or group of persons, whether incorporated or unincorporated, which constitutes, maintains, or provides a market place or facilities for bringing together purchasers and sellers of securities or for otherwise performing with respect to securities the functions commonly performed by a stock exchange as that term is generally understood, and includes the market place and the market facilities maintained by such exchange.
  • exchange/ sale property  - Property not excess to the needs of the holding agency but eligible for replacement, which is exchanged or sold in order to apply the exchange allowance or proceeds of sale in whole or part payment for replacement with a similar item.

  324  

  • exclude  - A software feature that excludes certain categories of costs (e.g., residential and non-residential rent, utility costs and the cost of residential furniture) when calculating each agency’s share of Miscellaneous Costs and ICASS Redistribution. Once these calculations are done, these excluded costs are included in the agency’s total invoice.

excluded commodity- (i) an interest rate, exchange rate, currency, security, security index, credit risk or measure, debt or equity instrument, index or measure of inflation, or other macroeconomic index or measure; (ii) any other rate, differential, index, or measure of economic or commercial risk, return, or value that is — (I) not based in substantial part on the value of a narrow group of commodities not described in clause (i); or (II) based solely on one or more commodities that have no cash market; (iii) any economic or commercial index based on prices, rates, values, or levels that are not within the control of any party to the relevant contract, agreement, or transaction; or (iv) an occurrence, extent of an occurrence, or contingency (other than a change in the price, rate, value, or level of a commodity not described in clause (i)) that is — (I) beyond the control of the parties to the relevant contract, agreement, or transaction; and (II) associated with a financial, commercial, or economic consequence.

  • excluded facility  - 
(A) a facility regulated under the Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002; 


excluded material- (A) any dredged material discharged by the United States Army Corps of Engineers or discharged pursuant to a permit issued by the Secretary; and (B) any waste from a tuna cannery operation located in American Samoa or Puerto Rico discharged pursuant to a permit issued by the Administrator.

  • exclusion zone  - A zone established by a sanctioning body to prohibit specific activities in a specific geographic area in order to persuade nations or groups to modify their behavior to meet the desires of the sanctioning body or face continued imposition of sanctions, or use or threat of force.
  • exclusive economic zone  - A maritime zone adjacent to the territorial sea that may not extend beyond 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured. Also called EEZ.
  • exclusive economic zone  - area of sea up to 200 nautical miles from a country's coast which the country has reserved rights for exploration and management of resources the rights and freedoms of are governed by the relevant provisions of the UN Convention of the Law of the Sea.
  • exclusive economic zone  - the exclusive economic zone of the United States established by Presidential Proclamation No. 5030, of March 10, 1983.
  • excusable time delay  - Failure to perform that is beyond the control and without fault or negligence of the contractor.
  • execute order  - 1. An order issued by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, at the direction of the Secretary of Defense, to implement a decision by the President to initiate military operations. 2. An order to initiate military operations as directed. Also called EXORD.
  • execution phase  - final phase of the Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution (PPBE) process

  325 includes the detailed planning of the use of the funds as well as the control of their use to assure that Congressional intent for the use of the funds is preserved, and also includes the reporting of performance information and review of results through strategic reviews.Lexicon, Terms )

  • execution planning  - The Adaptive Planning and Execution system translation of an approved course of action into an executable plan of action through the preparation of a complete operation plan or operation order. Also called EP. See also Joint Operation Planning and Execution System.
  • executive  - A U.S. Government employee with management responsibilities that in the judgment of the employing agency head or designee, requires preferential assignment of parking privileges.
  • executive agency  - an executive department, a military department, or any independent establishment and any wholly owned Government corporation.
  • executive agency  - any executive branch department, independent commission, board, bureau, office, agency, or other establishment of the Federal Government, including independent regulatory commissions and boards. It does not include federally-owned or controlled corporations that are preparing financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles promulgated by the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or the legislative or judicial branches of the Federal Government.
  • executive agent  - A term used to indicate a delegation of authority by the Secretary of Defense or Deputy Secretary of Defense to a subordinate to act on behalf of the Secretary of Defense. Also called EA.
  • Executive Budget Summary  - An annual budgetary resource request summary of Function 150 and other international programs displaying budgetary policy priorities. Also called EBS.
  • executive capacity  - an assignment within an organization in which the employee primarily - a. Directs the management of the organization or a major component or function of the organization; b. Establishes the goals and policies of the organization, component, or function; c. Exercises wide latitude in discretionary decision-making; and d. Receives only general supervision or direction from higher-level executives, the board of directors, or stockholders of the organization.
  • executive capacity  - an assignment within an organization in which the employee primarily — (i) directs the management of the organization or a major component or function of the organization; (ii) establishes the goals and policies of the organization, component, or function;(iii) exercises wide latitude in discretionary decision-making; and(iv) receives only general supervision or direction from higher level executives, the board of directors, or stockholders of the organization. (C) If staffing levels are used as a factor in determining whether an individual is acting in a managerial or executive capacity, the Attorney General shall take into account the reasonable needs of the organization, component, or function in light of the overall purpose and stage of development of the organization, component, or function. An individual shall not be considered to be acting in a managerial or executive capacity (as previously defined) merely on the basis of the number of employees that the individual supervises or has supervised or directs or has directed.
  • executive departments and agencies  - the executive departments enumerated in Title 5, U.S. Code, Government corporations also defined in Title 5, and the United States Postal Service.
  • executive development training  - training or experience provided supporting continuing development for leaders above the GS-15 level.
  • executive management  - Personnel (i.e., division chiefs, office directors, policy staff assistants) directly

  326   responsible for the approval and management of program planning and implementation, staffing requirements and assignments, and budget allocation and disbursement. (613 )

  • executive officer  - A term used by some agencies to identify the officer charged with responsibilities for administrative, managerial, and program support activities.
  • executive officer  - the president, every vice president, every trust officer, the cashier, the secretary, and the treasurer of a corporation, and any individual customarily performing similar functions with respect to any organization whether incorporated or unincorporated, but shall not include the chairman of the board of directors.
  • executive part of the department  - the executive part of the Department of Defense, Department of the Army, Department of the Navy, or Department of the Air Force, as the case may be, at the seat of government.
  • executive secretariat infoLink  - An S/ ES Web site that contains guidance and procedures, which pertain to correspondence prepared for signature by the Secretary, other seventh-floor principals, the President, and Vice President.
  • executor or executrix  - A male or female named in the will of the decedent to administer the decedents estate.
  • exempt commodity  - a commodity that is not an excluded commodity or an agricultural commodity.
  • exempt contributions  - exempt Federal capital contributions and exempt school contributions.
  • exempt employee  - employee who is not covered by the minimum wage and overtime provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA).

exempt employee essential personnel] (*) - employee in a category of essential personnel in positions that are performing functions or activities that are exempt from work restrictions during a lapse in government appropriations the following activities and/ or functions (and the contracts that support them) may continue during a lapse of appropriations: a. Funded by other than annual appropriated funds. Some functions are covered by multi-year, no-year, or revolving funds, or advance appropriation, and if those accounts have sufficient carryover balance, they would not be affected by an annual appropriation lapse. Revolving funds that operate almost entirely on offsetting collections from other Federal entities may also be forced to close, unless sufficient retained earnings are available to forestall the closure. b. Expressly Authorized to Continue Even Without Funding. Congress provides express authority for some agencies to enter into contracts or to borrow funds to accomplish some of their functions despite an appropriations lapse. c. Necessary for Safety of Human Life or Protection of Property. In order to qualify under the exception for safety of life or protection of property a reasonable, articulable connection must exist between the function to be performed and the safety of human life or protection of property. There must be some reasonable likelihood that the safety of human life or protection of property would be threatened in some significant degree by the delay in the performance of the function in question. Specifically, the risk should be real, not hypothetical or speculative, and must be sufficiently imminent that delay is not permissible. d. Any activity and/ or function that continues based on a determination that it qualifies for the safety of life or protection of property exception must be limited only to the extent that the Component Head determines that imminent danger to life or property would result from their termination or diminution. As for any administrative, research, or support function related to an exempt activity, that function should also continue, but only to the extent that it is essential to maintain the effectiveness of those activities and/ or functions that are engaged for the safety of life or the protection of property. In particular, administrative, research, and other overhead activities supporting exempt activities should be carefully reviewed to make certain their continuance is   327 essential to carrying out the exempt activities. In addition, there must be some reasonable likelihood that the safety of human life or protection of property would be compromised in some significant degree if there were any delay in the performance of the administrative, research, overhead, or support activity that is in question. e. Necessary for the Orderly Closure of Functions. Agencies may obligate funds during periods of lapsed appropriations to bring about the orderly shutdown of non- exempt activities. Contingency plans which call for winding down operations of an agency after an appropriations lapse will comply with the Anti-Deficiency Act. The Office of Management and Budget has determined that the normal winding down of operations should take no more than four hours. During the winding down time, the activities of employees during this period must be wholly devoted to closing down the function and upon completion, these employees would be released.

  • exempt property  - tangible personal property acquired in whole or in part with Federal funds, where the Federal awarding agency has statutory authority to vest title in the recipient without further obligation to the Federal Government. An example of exempt property authority is contained in the Federal Grant and Cooperative Agreement Act, for property acquired under an award to conduct basic or applied research by a non-profit institution of higher education or non-profit organization whose principal purpose is conducting scientific research.
  • exercise  — A military maneuver or simulated wartime operation involving planning, preparation, and execution that is carried out for the purpose of training and evaluation. See also command post exercise; maneuver.
  • exercise  - A multinational, joint, or single-service military maneuver or simulated wartime operation that is conducted for training and evaluation purposes and that involves planning, preparation, and execution.
  • exercise  - employment of personnel and resources in a controlled environment to test, validate, and/ or improve a specific plan or capability in pursuit of a stated objective
  • exercise incident  - An occurrence that directing staffs inject into an exercise, that affects the participating forces or their facilities, and that requires action by the appropriate commander and/ or staff.
  • exercise specifications  - The fundamental requirements for an exercise, providing in advance an outline of the concept, form, scope, setting, aim, objectives, force requirements, political implications, analysis arrangements, and costs.
  • exercise-directing staff  - A group of experienced, qualified, and knowledgeable officers who direct or control an exercise.
  • exfiltration  - The removal of personnel or units from areas under enemy control by stealth, deception, surprise, or clandestine means. See also special operations; unconventional warfare.
  • exigency of the public business  - An operational demand beyond the control of an agency, which could be sudden or could be anticipated and of such importance as to preclude- (1) The use of scheduled annual leave; and (2) Any reasonable alternative to the cancellation of scheduled leave.
  • exigent circumstances  - situations in which there is a reasonable belief that there is an imminent threat to a person’s life or an imminent and grave threat to the national security of the United States.
  • existing  - without the specification of any date, when used with respect to any matter relating to the

  328   conclusion of, or proclamation to carry out, a foreign trade agreement, means existing on the day on which that trade agreement is entered into. US Code 19, §1351 )

  • existing commercial air tour operator  - a commercial air tour operator that was actively engaged in the business of providing commercial air tour operations over a national park at any time during the 12- month period ending on the date of the enactment.
  • existing dam  - any dam, the construction of which was completed or on 2 before July 22, 2005, and which does not require any construction or enlargement of impoundment structures (other than repairs or reconstruction) in connection with the installation of any small hydroelectric power project.
  • existing facilities  - facilities that have been in operation for at least 2 years before the date on which the new environmental requirements are imposed.
  • existing source  - any stationary source other than a new source.

existing vessel- (A) a vessel on a domestic voyage, the keel of which was laid, or that was at a similar stage of construction, before January 1, 1986; and(B) a vessel on a foreign voyage, the keel of which was laid, or that was at a similar stage of construction, before July 21, 1968.

  • existing vessel  - every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on the navigable waters, the construction of which is initiated before promulgation of standards and regulations.
  • exit criteria  - project-specific accomplishments that must be demonstrated satisfactorily before a project can either progress further in the current acquisition phase or transition to the next acquisition phase.
  • expanded metal  - open mesh formed by slitting and drawing sheet metal.
  • expanded uses  - the following activities:(A) The maintenance dredging of a berth in a harbor that is accessible to a Federal navigation project and that benefits commercial navigation at the harbor. (B) The maintenance dredging and disposal of legacy-contaminated sediment, and sediment unsuitable for open water disposal, if — (i) such dredging and disposal benefits commercial navigation at the harbor; and (ii) such sediment is located in and affects the maintenance of a Federal navigation project or is located in a berth that is accessible to a Federal navigation project.
  • expansion  - An increase in the operating cost of an existing commercial activity based on modernization, replacement, upgrade, or increased workload. An expansion of an existing commercial activity is an increase of 30 percent or more in the activity’s operating costs (including the cost of FTEs) or total capital investment.
  • expedite (passport agencies/ centers only)  - The applicant receives higher-priority service because she/ he paid an expedite fee.
  • expedited approval facility  - a covered chemical facility for which the owner or operator elects to submit a site security plan.
  • expeditionary force  - An armed force organized to accomplish a specific objective in a foreign country.
  • expendable personal property  - Property which, when put in use, is consumed, loses its identity, or becomes an integral part of another item of property. Examples are office supplies, automobile tires,

  329 machine parts, and installed computer parts (regardless of cost). FAM 411.4 )

  • expendable supplies  - Supplies that are consumed in use, such as ammunition, paint, fuel, cleaning and preserving materials, surgical dressings, drugs, medicines, etc., or that lose their identity, such as spare parts, etc., and may be dropped from stock record accounts when it is issued or used.
  • expenditure  - actual spending of money.
  • expenditure plan  - congressionally mandated plan that details how appropriated funds will be spent for an acquisition.
  • experiment  - limited trial or tentative procedure conducted to test a principle, supposition or hypothesis, for the purpose of understanding the behavior of a system or discovering something unknown.
  • expired account  - An account for which the budget authority is no longer available for new obligations but is still available for disbursement. An expired account retains its fiscal-year identity for five years during which time obligations may be adjusted if otherwise proper and expenditures may be made.
  • expired nonimmigrant visa  - a visa which is no longer valid due to the passage of time or because the maximum number of entries for which the visa is valid has been reached.
  • exploding bridge wire initiator  - initiator or system in which a very high-energy electrical impulse is passed through a bridge wire, literally exploding the bridge wire and releasing thermal and shock energy capable of initiating a relatively insensitive explosive in contact with the bridge wire.
  • exploitation  - 1. Taking full advantage of success in military operations, following up initial gains, and making permanent the temporary effects already created. 2. Taking full advantage of any information that has come to hand for tactical, operational, or strategic purposes. 3. An offensive operation that usually follows a successful attack and is designed to disorganize the enemy in depth. See also attack.
  • exploitation  - Exploitation can be defined as the act of involving a child for economic or other reasons in criminal activities. Exploitation may take place at the hands of parents, neighbors, schoolmates, cults, employers, etc.
  • exploitation for fraudulent purposes  - This involves coercing or otherwise compelling a child to engage in activities that aid or abet the commission of fraud or of another crime. Examples could include begging, a pickpocket using a child as a distraction, a thief or burglar using a child as a lookout, etc.
  • exploration  - any activity, including logistic support, the purpose of which is the identification or evaluation of specific mineral resource deposits. The term includes exploratory drilling, dredging, and other surface or subsurface excavations required to determine the nature and size of mineral resource deposits and the feasibility of their development.
  • exploration  - the examination and investigation of undeveloped land to determine the existence of subsurface nonrenewable resources.
  • exploration  - the process of searching for minerals, including (1) geophysical surveys where magnetic, gravity, seismic, or other systems are used to detect or imply the presence of such minerals, and (2) any drilling, whether on or off known geological structures, including the drilling of a well in which a discovery of oil or natural gas in paying quantities is made and the drilling of any additional delineation well after such discovery which is needed to delineate any reservoir and to enable the

  330   lessee to determine whether to proceed with development and production.

exploration –(A) any at-sea observation and evaluation activity which has, as its objective, the establishment and documentation of — (i) the nature, shape, concentration, location, and tenor of a hard mineral resource; and (ii) the environmental, technical, and other appropriate factors which must be taken into account to achieve commercial recovery; and (B) the taking from the deep seabed of such quantities of any hard mineral resource as are necessary for the design, fabrication, and testing of equipment which is intended to be used in the commercial recovery and processing of such resource.

  • explosion  - sudden release of energy, caused by a nuclear, chemical, or physical process.
  • explosive cargo  - Cargo such as artillery ammunition, bombs, depth charges, demolition material, rockets, and missiles.
  • explosive compounds  - homogeneous substances whose molecules contain within themselves the oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen necessary for combustion.
  • explosive hazard  - 1. Any material posing a potential threat that contains an explosive component such as unexploded explosive ordnance, booby traps, improvised explosive devices, captured enemy ammunition, and bulk explosives. 2. In explosive ordnance disposal, a condition where danger exists because explosives are present that may react in a mishap with potential unacceptable effects to people, property, operational capability, or the environment. Also called EH.
  • explosive hazard  - Any hazard containing an explosive component to include unexploded explosive ordnance (including land mines), booby traps (some booby traps are nonexplosive), improvised explosive devices (which are an improvised type of booby trap), captured enemy ammunition, and bulk explosives. Also called EH.
  • explosive hazard incident  - The suspected or detected presence of unexploded or damaged explosive ordnance that constitutes a hazard to operations, installations, personnel, or material. Not included in this definition are the accidental arming or other conditions that develop during the manufacture of high explosive material, technical service assembly operations, or the laying of mines and demolition charges.

explosive or incendiary device- (A) dynamite and all other forms of high explosives, (B) any explosive bomb, grenade, missile, or similar device, and (C) any incendiary bomb or grenade, fire bomb, or similar device, including any device which (i) consists of or includes a breakable container including a flammable liquid or compound, and a wick composed of any material which, when ignited, is capable of igniting such flammable liquid or compound, and (ii) can be carried or thrown by one individual acting alone. explosive ordnance- (A) bombs and warheads;(B) guided and ballistic missiles;(C) artillery, mortar, rocket, and small arms ammunition;(D) all mines, torpedoes, and depth charges;(E) grenades demolition charges;(F) pyrotechnics;(G) clusters and dispensers; (H) cartridge- and propellant- actuated devices;(I) electroexplosives devices;(J) clandestine and improvised explosive devices; and(K) all similar or related items or components explosive in nature; and (2) includes all munitions containing explosives, propellants, nuclear fission or fusion materials, and biological and chemical agents.

  • explosive ordnance  — All munitions and improvised or clandestine explosive devices, containing explosives, propellants, nuclear fission or fusion materials, and biological and chemical agents.
  • explosive ordnance  - All munitions containing explosives, nuclear fission or fusion materials, and

  331 biological and chemical agents.Dictionary, JP 3‐34 )

  • explosive ordnance disposal  — 1. The detection, identification, on-site evaluation, rendering safe, recovery, and final disposal of unexploded explosive ordnance. 2. The organizations engaged in such activities. Also called EOD.
  • explosive ordnance disposal  - The detection, identification, on-site evaluation, rendering safe, recovery, and final disposal of unexploded explosive ordnance. Also called EOD.
  • explosive ordnance disposal incident  - The suspected or detected presence of unexploded or damaged explosive ordnance that constitutes a hazard to operations, installations, personnel, or material and requires explosive ordnance disposal procedures.
  • explosive ordnance disposal procedures  — Any particular course or mode of action taken by qualified explosive ordnance disposal personnel to detect and/ or locate, access, identify, triage, diagnose, stabilize, render safe or neutralize, recover, exploit, and dispose of ordnance, explosives, or any hazardous material associated with an explosive ordnance disposal incident.
  • explosive ordnance disposal unit  - Personnel with special training and equipment who render explosive ordnance safe, make intelligence reports on such ordnance, and supervise the safe removal thereof.
  • explosive ordnance disposal unit  - Personnel with special training and equipment who render explosive ordnance safe, make intelligence reports on such ordnance, and supervise the safe removal thereof.
  • explosive train  - succession of initiating and igniting elements arranged to cause a charge to function.
  • explosive weapon  - reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.
  • explosively formed projectile charge  - specially designed main charge configuration incorporating an explosive charge with a machined or pressed concave metal plate which by the force of the charge reshapes the plate into a high temperature, high velocity metal slug capable of penetrating armored vehicles.
  • explosives detection canine team  - a canine and a canine handler that are trained to detect explosives, radiological materials, chemical, nuclear or biological weapons, or other threats as defined by the Secretary.
  • explosives safety munitions risk management  - A systematic approach that integrates risk analysis into operational planning, military training exercises, and contingency operations with the goal of identifying potentially adverse consequences associated with munitions operations, risk reduction alternatives, and risk acceptance criteria for senior officials to make the risk decision. Also called ESMRM.
  • explosives safety munitions risk management  — A systematic approach that integrates risk analysis into operational planning, military training exercises, and contingency operations with the goal of identifying potentially adverse consequences associated with munitions operations, risk reduction alternatives, and risk acceptance criteria for senior officials to make the risk decision. Also called ESMRM.

  332  

export- (A) an actual shipment, transfer, or transmission of goods or technology out of the United States;

  • export  - shipment or transshipment of goods to a foreign country.
  • export and exportation  - to move from, or the act of movement from, the United States to any place outside the United States.
  • export charges  - any tax, charge, or other fee collected by the country from which softwood lumber or a softwood lumber product is exported pursuant to an international agreement entered into by that country and the United States.
  • export education  - educating, teaching and training to provide general knowledge and specific skills pertinent to the selling of goods and services to other countries, including knowledge of market conditions, financial arrangements, laws and procedures.
  • export price  - the price at which the subject merchandise is first sold (or agreed to be sold) before the date of importation by the producer or exporter of the subject merchandise outside of the United States to an unaffiliated purchaser in the United States or to an unaffiliated purchaser for exportation to the United States.
  • export subsidy  - a subsidy that is, in law or in fact, contingent upon export performance, alone or as 1 of 2 or more conditions.
  • export targeting  - any government plan or scheme consisting of a combination of coordinated actions
  • export trade  - trade or commerce in goods or services produced in the United States which are exported, or in the course of being exported, from the United States to any other country.
  • export trade services  - includes, but is not limited to, consulting, international, market research, advertising, marketing, insurance, product research and design, legal assistance, transportation, including trade documentation and freight forwarding, communication and processing of foreign orders to and for exporters and foreign purchasers, warehousing, foreign exchange, financing, and taking title to goods, when provided in order to facilitate the export of goods or services produced in the United States.
  • export trading company  - a person, partnership, association, or similar organization, whether operated for profit or as a nonprofit organization, which does business under the laws of the United States or any State and which is organized and operated principally for purposes of — (A) exporting goods or services produced in the United States; or (B) facilitating the exportation of goods or services produced in the United States by unaffiliated persons by providing one or more export trade services.
  • exporting authority  - 1 or more entities designated by a Participant from whose territory a shipment of rough diamonds is being exported as having the authority to validate the Kimberley Process Certificate.

  333

  • exposure dose  - The amount of radiation, as measured in roentgen, at a given point in relation to its ability to produce ionization.
  • express mail  - Express Mail is an expedited service for shipping any mailable matter, with guaranteed delivery USPS Domestic Mail Manual.
  • expressly unallowable cost  - a particular item or type of cost which, under the express provisions of an applicable law, regulation, or sponsored agreement, is specifically named and stated to be unallowable.
  • expropriation  - any abrogation, repudiation, or impairment by a foreign government, a political subdivision of a foreign government, or a corporation owned or controlled by a foreign government, of its own contract with an investor with respect to a project, where such abrogation, repudiation, or impairment is not caused by the investor’s own fault or misconduct, and materially adversely affects the continued operation of the project.
  • expulsion  - removal of a person from the host country, usually by immigration or police officials, without a formal deportation hearing or process.]
  • extended economy seating  - Airline programs whereby a passenger may obtain a more desirable seat choice within the coach class cabin for a fee. Sometimes called coach elite, coach plus, preferred coach, economy plus, economy comfort or main cabin extra. This does not include products that are available in separate and distinct cabins on some airlines.
  • extended period of time  - a period that is normally 1 year, but not less than 6 months.
  • extended services  - ongoing support services and other appropriate services, needed to support and maintain an individual with a most significant disability in supported employment, that — (A) are provided singly or in combination and are organized and made available in such a way as to assist an eligible individual in maintaining supported employment; (B) are based on a determination of the needs of an eligible individual, as specified in an individualized plan for employment; and (C) are provided by a State agency, a nonprofit private organization, employer, or any other appropriate resource, after an individual has made the transition from support provided by the designated State unit.
  • Extensible Markup Language  - A simplified subset of Standard Generalized Markup Language
  • extension  - increasing the length of an appointment when there is no change other than the not-to-exceed date. If a change is made to the class, pay plan, position title, position number or appointment authority, a conversion action must be processed, even if there is not a break in service.
  • extension  - The extension of a Department network into non-Department space (e.g., OpenNet workstations in a contractor facility).
  • external affairs  - Organizational element that provides accurate, coordinated, and timely information to affected audiences, including governments, media, the private sector, and the local populace.
  • external assessment environmental compliance  - assessment conducted by personnel not directly associated with the evaluated activities.

  334  

  • external audience  - In public affairs, all people who are not United States military members, Department of Defense civilian employees, and their immediate families. See also internal audience; public.
  • external economy or diseconomy  - A direct effect, either positive or negative, on someone's profit or welfare arising as a byproduct of some other person's or firm's activity. Also referred to as neighborhood or spillover effects, or externalities for short.
  • external support contract  - Contract awarded by contracting organizations whose contracting authority does not derive directly from the theater support contracting head(s) of contracting activity or from systems support contracting authorities. See also systems support contract; theater support contract.
  • extortion  - an offense that has as its elements the extraction of anything of value from another person by threatening or placing that person in fear of injury to any person or kidnapping of any person.
  • extra services  - Extra Services are enhancements that, for a fee in addition to postage, provide greater security and accountability for mail, convenience to the sender, or improved handling. Extra services are not available with Periodicals. Not all extra services are available for all classes of mail and only certain services may be combined for the same mail piece.
  • extradition and extradite  - the extradition of a person and such terms include both extradition and surrender as defined in the Rome Statute.
  • extra-fare train  - A train that operates at an increased fare due to the extra performance of the train (i.e., faster speed or fewer stops). The term extra-fare train does not mean first-class train accommodations, even though an extra-fare train may offer first-class accommodations.
  • extrajudicial killing  - a deliberated killing not authorized by a previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court affording all the judicial guarantees which are recognized as indispensable by civilized peoples. Such term, however, does not include any such killing that, under international law, is lawfully carried out under the authority of a foreign nation.
  • extramural research  - DHS-managed or –funded research that is conducted at non-DHS sites by non- DHS researchers.
  • extranet  - An extranet is partially accessible to authorized outsiders and requires a valid user name and password, which determines the level of access.
  • extranet  - intranet that permits limited secure external access with appropriate authorization approval.
  • extraordinary ability  - extraordinary ability as a level of expertise indicating that the individual is one of that small percentage who have risen to the top of the field of endeavor.
  • extraordinary circumstances  – circumstances in which: (i) suspension of an investigation will be more beneficial to the domestic industry than continuation of the investigation, and (ii) the investigation is complex.
  • extraordinary operation and maintenance work  - major, nonrecurring maintenance to Reclamation- owned or operated facilities, or facility components, that is — (A) intended to ensure the continued safe, dependable, and reliable delivery of authorized project benefits; and (B) greater than 10 percent of the contractor's or the transferred works operating entity's annual operation and maintenance budget for the facility, or greater than $100,000.

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  • extraordinary payments in connection with the International Space Station  - payments in cash or in kind made or to be made by the United States Government — (A) for work on the International Space Station which the Russian Government pledged at any time to provide at its expense; or (B) for work on the International Space Station not required to be made under the terms of a contract or other agreement that was in effect on January 1, 1999, as those terms were in effect on such date, except that such term does not mean payments in cash or in kind made or to be made by the United States Government prior to December 31, 2020, for work to be performed or services to be rendered prior to that date necessary to meet United States obligations under the Agreement Concerning Cooperation on the Civil International Space Station, with annex, signed at Washington January 29, 1998, and entered into force March 27, 2001, or any protocol, agreement, memorandum of understanding, or contract related thereto.
  • E-zine  - An electronic magazine or journal.
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