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Dictionary-of-government-G

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  • G–8  - the group consisting of France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Italy, and Russia established to facilitate economic cooperation among the eight major economic powers.

G8 Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction (G8

  • Global Partnership; GP)  - The G8 Global Partnership is an initiative to counter the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) worldwide, to which the United States has pledged significant funding. The GP has been extended beyond 2012 to address global terrorism and proliferation threats.
  • gain personnel  - indication of an increase in existing staff quantity.
  • gambling establishment  - any common gaming or gambling establishment operated for the purpose of gaming or gambling, including accepting, recording, or registering bets, or carrying on a policy game or any other lottery, or playing any game of chance, for money or other thing of value.
  • gambling ship  - a vessel used principally for the operation of one or more gambling establishments. Such term does not include a vessel with respect to gambling aboard such vessel beyond the territorial waters of the United States during a covered voyage.
  • game theory  - branch of applied mathematics that models interactions among agents where an agent’s choice and subsequent success depend on the choices of other agents that are simultaneously acting to maximize their own results.
  • garble  - An error in transmission, reception, or encryption that renders a message or portion thereof incorrect or indecipherable.
  • garnishee  - a person (other than the debtor) who has, or is reasonably thought to have, possession, custody, or control of any property in which the debtor has a substantial nonexempt interest, including any obligation due the debtor or to become due the debtor, and against whom a garnishment issued by a court.
  • gas  - natural gas, flammable gas, or toxic or corrosive gas.
  • gas carrier  - commercial vessel specially designed for transporting liquefied natural gas (LNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), or both (LNG/ LPG).

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  • gas consumer  - any person, State agency, or Federal agency, to which natural gas is sold other than for purposes of resale.
  • gas pipeline facility  - a pipeline, a right of way, a facility, a building, or equipment used in transporting gas or treating gas during its transportation.
  • gas utility  - any person, State agency, or Federal agency, engaged in the local distribution of natural gas, and the sale of natural gas to any ultimate consumer of natural gas.
  • gateway  - A communication interface that provides compatibility between networks by converting transmission speeds, protocols, codes, or security measures.
  • gender-neutral occupational standard  - that all members of the Armed Forces serving in or assigned to the military career designator must meet the same performance outcome-based standards for the successful accomplishment of the necessary and required specific tasks associated with the qualifications and duties performed while serving in or assigned to the military career designator.

gender-specific health effects- (A) effects on female reproductive capacity and reproductive organs; (B ) effects on reproductive outcomes;(C) effects on female-specific organs and tissues; and
(D) other effects unique to the physiology of females.

  • general agency agreement  - A contract between the Maritime Administration and a steamship company which, as general agent, exercises administrative control over a government-owned ship for employment by the Military Sealift Command. See also Military Sealift Command.
  • general and administrative expense  - any management, financial, and other expense which is incurred by or allocated to a business unit and which is for the general management and administration of the business unit as a whole. G&A expense does not include those management expenses whose beneficial or causal relationship to cost objectives can be more directly measured by a base other than a cost input base representing the total activity of a business unit during a cost accounting period. Also called G&A.
  • general cargo  - Cargo that is suitable for loading in general, nonspecialized stowage areas or standard shipping containers; e.g., boxes, barrels, bales, crates, packages, bundles, and pallets.
  • general cargo  - products or commodities that are not conducive to packaging or unitization includes items such as timber, structural steel, rolled newsprint, concrete forms, agricultural equipment.
  • general cargo harbor  - a harbor for which a project is authorized and any other harbor which is authorized to be constructed to a depth of more than 20 feet but not more than 45 feet.
  • general cargo ship  - commercial vessel specifically designed to transport general, break-bulk, and containerized commodities or products.
  • general control environment  - The reflection of the overall attitude, awareness, and actions of management concerning the importance of controls and its emphasis in the Department segment. Such factors include, but are not limited to, the following- (1) Management emphasis on management control; (2) Organizational structure; (3) Policies and procedures; (4) Delegation and communication of authority and responsibility; (5) Personnel; (6) Procurement practices; and (7) Knowledge of and enforcement of a code of conduct.
  • general engineering  - Those engineering capabilities and activities, other than combat engineering, that provide infrastructure and modify, maintain, or protect the physical environment. Also called GE.

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  • general framework of regional development  - regional subsidy programs are part of an internally consistent and generally applicable regional development policy, and regional development subsidies are not granted in isolated geographical points having no, or virtually no, influence on the development of a region.
  • general military intelligence  - Intelligence concerning the military capabilities of foreign countries or organizations, or topics affecting potential United States or multinational military operations. Also called GMI. See also intelligence.
  • general officer  - an officer of the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps serving in or having the grade of general, lieutenant general, major general, or brigadier general.
  • general purpose equipment  - equipment, which is not limited to research, medical, scientific or other technical activities. Examples include office equipment and furnishings, modular offices, telephone networks, information technology equipment and systems, air conditioning equipment, reproduction and printing equipment, and motor vehicles.
  • general purpose equipment  - equipment, which is not limited to research, medical, scientific or other technical activities. Examples include office equipment and furnishings, modular offices, telephone networks, information technology equipment and systems, air conditioning equipment, reproduction and printing equipment, and motor vehicles.
  • general purpose equipment  - equipment, which is not limited to research, medical, scientific or other technical activities. Examples include office equipment and furnishings, modular offices, telephone networks, information technology equipment and systems, air conditioning equipment, reproduction and printing equipment, and motor vehicles.
  • general record schedule  - document providing disposal authorization for temporary administrative records common to several or all agencies of the Federal Government includes records relating to civilian personnel, fiscal accounting, procurement, communications, printing, other common functions, and certain non-textual records
  • general schedule  - The pay schedule that determines the rate of pay or compensation for Federal white collar positions. These positions range in grade from GS-1 to GS-15, and include duties that vary in difficulty and responsibility. Such positions are designated by the GS pay plan. Positions above grade GS-15 are part of the Senior Executive Service (SES) or Senior Level (SL) system, which are separate from the General Schedule. Also called GS.
  • General Services Administration approved container  - security container that conforms to the appropriate federal specifications and bears a General Services Administration (GSA) “Test Certification Label” attesting to the security capabilities of both the container and the integral combination lock. Also called GSA.
  • General Staff  - A group of incident management personnel organized according to function and reporting to the Incident Commander. The General Staff normally consists of the Operations Section Chief, Planning Section Chief, Logistics Section Chief, and Finance/ Administration Section Chief. An Intelligence/ Investigations Chief may be established, if required, to meet incident management needs.
  • general supervision  - a situation where an employee occupies a position at any level in the line of supervision over another employee.
  • general support  - 1. That support which is given to the supported force as a whole and not to any particular subdivision thereof. See also close support; direct support; mutual support; support. 2. A

  388   tactical artillery mission. Also called GS. See also direct support; general support-reinforcing. JP 3‐09.3 )

  • general support system  - An interconnected information resource under the same direct management control that shares common functionality. It normally includes hardware, software, information, data, applications, communications, facilities, and people, and provides support for a variety of users and/ or applications. Individual applications support different mission-related functions. Users may be from the same or different organizations.
  • general support system  - Interconnected information resources under the same direct management control that shares common functionality. A GSS normally includes hardware, software, information, data, applications, communications, facilities, and people and provides support for a variety of users and/ or applications. Also called GSS.
  • general support-reinforcing  - The artillery mission of supporting the force as a whole and of providing reinforcing fires for other artillery units. Also called GSR.
  • general training  - level of training designed to provide the knowledge or skill sets which are common to many assignments, positions, and/ or occupations.
  • general unloading period  - In amphibious operations, that part of the ship-to-shore movement in which unloading is primarily logistic in character, and emphasizes speed and volume of unloading operations. See also initial unloading period.

generally accepted accounting principles- (A) the recognized consensus or substantial authoritative support given in the territory of Colombia or the United States, as the case may be, with respect to the recording of revenues, expenses, costs, assets, and liabilities, the disclosure of information, and the preparation of financial statements; and (B) may encompass broad guidelines for general application as well as detailed standards, practices, and procedures.

  • generally accepted accounting principles  - Has the meaning specified in generally accepted auditing standards issued by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA).
  • generally accepted accounting principles  - the recognized consensus or substantial authoritative support in the territory of a CAFTA–DR country with respect to the recording of revenues, expenses, costs, assets, and liabilities, the disclosure of information, and the preparation of financial statements. The principles may encompass broad guidelines of general application as well as detailed standards, practices, and procedures.
  • generally accepted accounting principles  - the recognized consensus or substantial authoritative support in the territory of a NAFTA country with respect to the recording of revenues, expenses, costs, assets and liabilities, disclosure of information, and preparation of financial statements. These standards may be broad guidelines of general application as well as detailed standards, practices, or procedures.
  • generally accepted government auditing standards  - issued by the Comptroller General of the United States, which are applicable to financial audits. Also called GAGAS.
  • generally accepted government auditing standards  - standards issued by the Comptroller General of the United States, which are applicable to financial audits. Also called GAGAS.

genetic information- (i) such individual's genetic tests,
(ii) the genetic tests of family members of such   389 individual, and
(iii) the manifestation of a disease or disorder in family members of such individual. §1191b )

genetic information- (i) such individual's genetic tests,(ii) the genetic tests of family members of such individual, and(iii) the manifestation of a disease or disorder in family members of such individual.

  • genetic services  – (A) a genetic test;
(B) genetic counseling (including obtaining, interpreting, or assessing genetic information); or
(C) genetic education.
  • genetic services  - A) a genetic test;(B) genetic counseling (including obtaining, interpreting, or assessing genetic information); or(C) genetic education.
  • genetic test  - an analysis of human DNA, RNA, chromosomes, proteins, or metabolites, that detects genotypes, mutations, or chromosomal changes.
  • genetic test  - an analysis of human DNA, RNA, chromosomes, proteins, or metabolites, that detects genotypes, mutations, or chromosomal changes.

Geneva Conventions- (i) the Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, done at Geneva August 12, 1949;
(ii) the Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded, Sick, and Shipwrecked Members of the Armed Forces at Sea, done at Geneva August 12, 1949; (iii) the Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, done at Geneva August 12, 1949; and
(iv) the Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, done at Geneva August 12, 1949.
(B) THIRD GENEVA CONVENTION.

  • genocide  - any of the following acts committed, whether in time of peace or time of war, with the specific intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group, as such- (1) Killing members of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group; (2) Causing serious bodily injury to members of a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group; (3) Causing the permanent impairment of the mental faculties of members of a national, ethic, racial or religious group through drugs, torture, or similar techniques; (4) Subjecting a national, ethnic, racial or religious group to conditions of life that are intended to cause the physical destruction of the group in whole or in part; (5) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within a national, ethnic, racial or religious group; or (6) Transferring by force children of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group to another group.
  • geochemical surveys  - surveys on the ground for mineral deposits by the proper application of the principles and techniques of the science of chemistry as they relate to the search for and discovery of mineral deposits.
  • geodetic control  - provides a common reference system for establishing coordinates for all geographic data. All NSDI framework data and users' applications data require geodetic control to accurately register spatial data. The National Spatial Reference System is the fundamental geodetic control for the United States.
  • geofluid  - any fluid used to extract thermal energy from the Earth which is transported to the surface for direct use or electric power generation, except that such term shall not include oil or natural gas.
  • geographic area within a State  - a special purpose district or other region recognized for governmental purposes within such State which is not a unit of local government.
  • geographic combatant commander  - A U.S. military area commander. Also called GCC.
  • geographic coordinates  - The quantities of latitude and longitude which define the position of a point on

  390   the surface of the Earth with respect to the reference spheroid.Dictionary, JP 2‐03 )

  • geographic information  - Coordinate and attribute data for location-based features, usually in the categories of point (e.g., a well), line (e.g., a road), polygon (e.g., a forest), cell (e.g., a raster-based rectangle), or coordinates (e.g., the latitude-longitude of a point on the ground).
  • geographic Information system  - A computer system for the input, editing, storage, retrieval, analysis, synthesis, and output of location-based information. GIS may refer to hardware and software, or include data.
  • geologic  - all geologic mapping information and related geoscience spatial data (including associated geophysical, geochemical, geochronologic, and paleontologic data) that can contribute to the National Geologic Map Database.
  • geological surveys  - surveys on the ground for mineral deposits by the proper application of the principles and techniques of the science of geology as they relate to the search for and discovery of mineral deposits.
  • geomagnetic storm  - a temporary disturbance of the Earth's magnetic field resulting from solar activity.
  • geophysical surveys  - surveys on the ground for mineral deposits through the employment of generally recognized equipment and methods for measuring physical differences between rock types or discontinuities in geological formations.
  • geopressured resources  - geothermal deposits found in sedimentary rocks under higher than normal pressure and saturated with gas or methane.
  • georeference  - A set of datums by which the location of each point can be uniquely identified.
  • geospatial data  - Information that identifies the geographic location and characteristics of natural or constructed features and boundaries on the Earth. This information may be derived from, among other things, remote sensing, mapping, and surveying technologies. Statistical data may be included in this definition at the discretion of the collecting agency.
  • geospatial engineering  - Those engineering capabilities and activities that contribute to a clear understanding of the physical environment by providing geospatial information and services to commanders and staffs. See also geospatial information and services.
  • geospatial information  - graphical or digital data depicting natural or manmade physical features, phenomena, or boundaries of the earth and any information related thereto, including surveys, maps, charts, remote sensing data, and images.
  • geospatial information  - graphical or digital data depicting natural or manmade physical features, phenomena, or boundaries of the earth and any information related thereto includes surveys, maps, charts, remote sensing data, and images.
  • geospatial information  - Information that identifies the geographic location and characteristics of natural or constructed features and boundaries on the Earth, including: statistical data and information derived from, among other things, remote sensing, mapping, and surveying technologies; and mapping, charting, geodetic data and related products.
  • geospatial information  - knowledge of the nature and distribution of physical and cultural features on

  391 the landscape based on analysis of data from airborne or spaceborne platforms or other types and sources of data. SPACE, US Code 51, §60301 )

  • geospatial information and services  - The collection, information extraction, storage, dissemination, and exploitation of geodetic, geomagnetic, imagery, gravimetric, aeronautical, topographic, hydrographic, littoral, cultural, and toponymic data accurately referenced to a precise location on the Earth’s surface. Also called GI&S.
  • geospatial intelligence  - The exploitation and analysis of imagery and geospatial information to describe, assess, and visually depict physical features and geographically referenced activities on the Earth. Geospatial intelligence consists of imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial information. Also called GEOINT.
  • geospatial intelligence operations  - The tasks, activities, and events to collect, manage, analyze, generate, visualize, and provide imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial information necessary to support national and defense missions and international arrangements. Also called GEOINT operations.
  • geospatial metadata  - information that documents geographic digital data such as GIS files, geospatial databases, and earth imagery but can also be used to document geospatial resources including data catalogs, mapping applications, data models and related websites includes core library catalog elements such as title, abstract, and publication data; geographic elements such as geographic extent and projection information; and database elements such as attribute label definitions and attribute domain values.
  • geospatial services  - A collection of operations, accessible through an interface that allows a user to evoke a behavior of value to the user.
  • geospatial technology  - any technology utilized by analysts, specialists, surveyors, photogrammetrists, hydrographers, geodesists, cartographers, architects, or engineers for the collection, storage, retrieval, or dissemination of geospatial information, including-(i) global satellite surveillance systems; (ii) global position systems;
(iii) geographic information systems; (iv) mapping equipment; (v) geocoding technology; and (vi) remote sensing devices.
  • geospatial technology  - technology utilized for the collection, storage, retrieval, exploitation, manipulation, or dissemination of geospatial information includes global satellite surveillance systems, global position systems, Geographic Information System (GIS); mapping equipment, geocoding technology, and remote sensing devices.
  • geospatial-intelligence base for contingency operations  - A mobile visualization tool that provides access to geospatial data where networks or infrastructure have been damaged or do not exist. Also called GIBCO.
  • geothermal  - heat energy stored in the Earth's crust that can be accessed for direct use or electric power generation.

geothermal resources- (A) all products of geothermal processes, embracing indigenous steam, hot water, and brines, (B) steam and other gases, hot water and hot brines, resulting from water, gas, or other fluids artificially introduced into geothermal formations, and (C) any byproduct derived from them. geothermal resources- (i) all products of geothermal processes, embracing indigenous steam, hot water and hot brines; (ii) steam and other gases, hot water and hot brines resulting from water, gas, or other fluids artificially introduced into geothermal formations; (iii) heat or other associated energy   392   found in geothermal formations; and (iv) any byproduct derived from them.

  • gift  - A bona fide gift is an article formerly owned by a donor who gave it outright in its entirety to a donee without compensation or promise of compensation. (See Goods and Merchandise. )
  • gift  - any gift of money or property.
  • gift or donation  - any gift or donation of funds, materials (including research materials), real or personal property, or services (including lecture services and faculty services).
  • gilt  - a young female swine that has not produced a litter.
  • global address list  - A list of all Department and some external agency email addresses, collectives, and other user contact information. Also called GAL.
  • global air Domain community of Interest  - community of stakeholders with roles and responsibilities in the air domain includes the Federal, State, local, territorial, tribal, and regional departments and agencies.
  • global air transportation execution system  - The Air Mobility Command’s aerial port operations and management information system designed to support automated cargo and passenger processing, the reporting of in-transit visibility data to the Global Transportation Network, and billing to Air Mobility Command’s financial management directorate. Also called GATES. See also Air Mobility Command.
  • global alliance for tuberculosis drug development  - the public-private partnership that brings together leaders in health, science, philanthropy, and private industry to devise new approaches to tuberculosis and to ensure that new medications are available and affordable in high tuberculosis burden countries and other affected countries.

global ballistic missile defense. Defense against ballistic missile threats that cross one or more geographical combatant command boundaries and requires synchronization among the affected combatant commands. Also called GBMD.

  • global change  - changes in the global environment (including alterations in climate, land productivity, oceans or other water resources, atmospheric chemistry, and ecological systems) that may alter the capacity of the Earth to sustain life.
  • global change research  - study, monitoring, assessment, prediction, and information management activities to describe and understand- (A) the interactive physical, chemical, and biological processes that regulate the total Earth system; (B) the unique environment that the Earth provides for life; (C) changes that are occurring in the Earth system; and (D) the manner in which such system, environment, and changes are influenced by human actions.
  • Global Combat Support System-Joint  - The primary information technology application used to provide automation support to the joint logistician. Also called GCSS-J.
  • Global Command and Control System  - A deployable command and control system supporting forces for joint and multinational operations across the range of military operations with compatible, interoperable, and integrated communications systems. Also called GCCS. See also command and control; command and control system.
  • Global Command-and-Control System  - Highly mobile, deployable command-and-control system that supports forces for joint and multinational operations throughout the range of military operations, at

  393 anytime and anywhere in the world, with compatible, interoperable, and integrated command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence systems. Also called GCCS. Military Operations Group, Glossary )

  • global decision support system  - The command and control system employed by mobility air forces that provides schedules, arrival and/ or departure information, and status data to support in-transit visibility of mobility airlift and air refueling aircraft and aircrews. Also called GDSS. See also Air Mobility Command; in-transit visibility.
  • global distribution  - The process that coordinates and synchronizes fulfillment of joint force requirements from point of origin to point of employment. See also distribution.
  • global distribution of materiel  - The process of providing materiel from the source of supply to its point of consumption or use on a worldwide basis. See also global distribution.
  • global fleet station  - A persistent sea base of operations from which to interact with partner nation military and civilian populations and the global maritime community. Also called GFS.
  • global force management  - 1. A process that provides near-term sourcing solutions while providing the integrating mechanism between force apportionment, allocation, and assignment. Also call GFM. 2. A process to align assignment, allocation, and apportionment of forces to combatant commanders in support of the national defense strategy and joint force availability requirements.
  • global fund  - the public-private partnership known as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria established pursuant to Article 80 of the Swiss Civil Code.
  • global health security  - Prevention of, protection from, mitigation of, response to, and recovery from serious incidents that are cross-border in nature and that pose a risk to security, destabilize economies, disrupt social cohesion, and affect the critical business of government.
  • global health security  - Prevention of, protection from, mitigation of, response to, and recovery from serious incidents that are cross-border in nature and that pose a risk to security, destabilize economies, disrupt social cohesion, and affect the critical business of government.
  • Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism  - The Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism is a global effort that aims to enhance partner capacity to prevent, protect against, and respond to the threat of a nuclear terrorism event. Also called GICNT.
  • global maritime community of interest  - community of stakeholders with roles and responsibilities in the maritime domain includes the Federal, State, local, territorial, tribal, and regional departments and agencies.
  • global maritime partnership  - An approach to cooperation among maritime nations with a shared stake in international commerce, safety, security, and freedom of the seas. Also called GMP.
  • global maritime situational awareness  - comprehensive fusion of data from every agency and by every nation to improve knowledge of the maritime domain.
  • Global Nuclear Detection Architecture  - The GNDA is a framework for detecting (through technical and non-technical means), analyzing, and reporting on nuclear and other radioactive materials that

  394   are out of regulatory control. Also called GNDA.

  • Global OpenNet  - The next generation OpenNet Everywhere (ONE) system that provides subscriber access to Department of State unclassified email, documents, and applications while away from the office or teleworking. Also called GO.
  • global patient movement requirements center  - A joint activity reporting directly to the Commander, United States Transportation Command, which provides medical regulating and aeromedical evacuation scheduling for the continental United States and intertheater operations, provides support to the theater patient movement requirements centers, and coordinates with supporting resource providers to identify available assets and communicates transport to bed plans to the appropriate transportation agency for execution. Also called GPMRC. See also medical treatment facility.
  • Global Positioning System  - A satellite-based radio navigation system operated by the Department of Defense to provide all military, civil, and commercial users with precise positioning, navigation, and timing. Also called GPS.
  • global positioning system  - A satellite-based system deployed to determine locations on the Earth's surface. It is commonly used for surveying, mapping, and navigation on land and water.
  • global terrorism  - terrorism activities conducted in, or encompassing international communities A. ) involves violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or any State; B.) appears to be intended-a. to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, b. to influence the policy or a government by intimidation or coercions; or c. to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and C.) occurs primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum.
  • global transportation management  - The integrated process of satisfying transportation requirements using the Defense Transportation System to meet national security objectives. Also called GTM. See also Defense Transportation System.
  • Global Tuberculosis Drug Facility  - the new initiative of the Stop Tuberculosis Partnership to increase access to high-quality tuberculosis drugs to facilitate DOTS expansion. Also called GDF.
  • Global Tuberculosis Drug facility  - the new initiative of the Stop Tuberculosis Partnership to increase access to high-quality tuberculosis drugs to facilitate DOTS expansion. Also called GDF.
  • global warming potential  - how much a given mass of a chemical contributes to global warming over a given time period compared to the same mass of carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide’s global warming potential.
  • glossary  - A place to store text that can be used again. Each piece of text is recorded and assigned a unique name.
  • go/ no-go  - A critical point at which a decision to proceed or not must be made.
  • goals  - A concise and measurable description of one or more related actions that are necessary to attain a tangible milestone toward the achievement of an objective.

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  • good  - any article, natural or manmade substance, material, supply or manufactured product, including inspection and test equipment, and excluding technical data.
  • goods  - any merchandise, product, article, or material, whether having commercial or intrinsic tangible value.
  • goods  - goods (including ships and marine equipment), wares, products, commodities, merchandise, or articles or subjects of commerce of any character, or any part or ingredient thereof, but does not include goods after their delivery into the actual physical possession of the ultimate consumer thereof other than a producer, manufacturer, or processor thereof.

goods or technology- (A) any article, natural or manmade substance, material, supply, or manufactured product, including inspection and test equipment; and
(B) any information and know-how (whether in tangible form, such as models, prototypes, drawings, sketches, diagrams, blueprints, or manuals, or in intangible form, such as training or technical services) that can be used to design, produce, manufacture, utilize, or reconstruct goods, including computer software and technical data.

  • governance  - The state’s ability to serve the citizens through the rules, processes, and behavior by which interests are articulated, resources are managed, and power is exercised in a society, including the representative participatory decision-making processes typically guaranteed under inclusive, constitutional authority.
  • governing factors  - In the context of joint operation planning, those aspects of the situation (or externally imposed factors) that the commander deems critical to the accomplishment of the mission.
  • government agency  - any executive department, commission, agency, independent establishment, corporation wholly or partly owned by the United States which is an instrumentality of the United States, or any board, bureau, division, service, office, officer, authority, administration, or other establishment in the executive branch of Government.
  • government aircraft  - any aircraft owned, leased, chartered or rented and operated by an Executive Agency.
  • government contractor-issued individually billed charge card  - A Government contractor-issued charge card used by authorized individuals to pay for official travel and transportation related expenses for which the contractor bills the employee.
  • government dam  - a dam or other work constructed or owned by the United States for Government purposes with or without contribution from others.
  • Government Emergency Telecommunications Service  - A telephone network developed under White House tasking to provide enhanced caller capabilities for National Security/ Emergency Preparedness (NS/ EP) calls. GETS is administered by the Defense Information Systems Agency with service accorded to National Security Council member agencies. Also called GETS.
  • Government Emergency Telecommunications Service  - service providing authorized Government users with 24-hour nationwide national security/ emergency preparedness service utilizing the surviving public switched network resources under a full range of conditions: crisis, natural disaster, or war.
  • government functions  - the collective functions of the heads of executive departments and agencies as defined by statute, regulation, presidential direction, or other legal authority, and the functions of the legislative and judicial branches.

  396  

  • government furnished property  - Facilities, equipment, material, supplies, or other services provided by the government for use by all prospective providers in the solicitation. Costs for GFP included in a solicitation are considered common costs. Replacement costs, insurance, maintenance and repair costs for GFP may or may not be government-furnished, depending on the provisions in the solicitation. Also called GFP.
  • government of a foreign country  - any person or group of persons exercising sovereign de facto or de jure political jurisdiction over any country, other than the United States, or over any part of such country, and includes any subdivision of any such group and any group or agency to which such sovereign de facto or de jure authority or functions are directly or indirectly delegated. Such term shall include any faction or body of insurgents within a country assuming to exercise governmental authority whether such faction or body of insurgents has or has not been recognized by the United States.
  • Government Off-the-Shelf  - IT products that are developed by U.S. Government organizations with U.S. Government-related requirements in mind and are designated as available only to other U.S. Government organizations. In the context of NSTISSP No. 11, GOTS are Information Assurance or Information Assurance-Enabled products that often require special features and assurances that are not found in typical Commercial-Off-the-Shelf (COTS) products. These additional features and assurances are usually developed with U.S. Government cooperation and results in products that contain domestic and/ or international restriction. Also called GOTS.
  • government personnel  - Civilian employees, foreign national employees, temporary employees, term employees, non-appropriated fund employees, and uniformed services personnel employed by an agency to perform activities.
  • government property  - All property owned or leased by the U.S. Government. Government property includes both Government-furnished property and contractor-acquired property. Government property includes material, equipment, special tooling, special test equipment, and real property. Government property does not include intellectual property and software.
  • government publication  - information that is published as an individual document at Government expense, or as required by law, in any medium or form.
  • government special access program security officer  - person that is a U.S. Government employee that provides day to day security administration and management for a special access program appointed in writing at a government special access program facility or organization by the government program manager.
  • government technical monitor  - An individual designated by the contracting officer to assist the COR in monitoring a contractors performance. Also called GTM.
  • governmental entity  - a State, a political subdivision of a State, or an entity or organization, including an entity or organization in the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, that has governmental authority within the territorial boundaries of the United States, including on lands described in the Act.
  • governmental function  - an activity undertaken by a government, such as national defense, intelligence missions, firefighting, search and rescue, law enforcement (including transport of prisoners, detainees, and illegal aliens), aeronautical research, or biological or geological resource management.
  • governmental unit  - the entire State, local, or federally-recognized Indian tribal government, including any component thereof. Components of governmental units may function independently of the governmental unit in accordance with the term of the award.

  397

  • governmental units  - the official boundary of federal, state, local, and tribal governments as reported/ certified to the U.S. Census Bureau by responsible officials of each government for purposes of reporting the Nation's official statistics.
  • government-furnished property  - Property in the possession of, or directly acquired by, the U.S. Government and subsequently furnished to the contractor for performance of a contract. Government-furnished property includes, but is not limited to, spares and property furnished for repair, maintenance, overhaul, or modification. Government-furnished property also includes contractor-acquired property if the contractor-acquired property is a deliverable under a cost contract when accepted by the U.S. Government for continued use under the contract (48 CFR 45.101).
  • government-held real property  - See U.S. Government-held real property.
  • government-provided residential quarters  - See U.S. Government-provided residential quarters.
  • government-sponsored enterprise  - a corporate entity created by a law of the United States that- (A)(i ) has a Federal charter authorized by law; (ii) is privately owned, as evidenced by capital stock owned by private entities or individuals; (iii) is under the direction of a board of directors, a majority of which is elected by private owners; (iv) is a financial institution with power to- (I) make loans or loan guarantees for limited purposes such as to provide credit for specific borrowers or one sector; and (II) raise funds by borrowing (which does not carry the full faith and credit of the Federal Government) or to guarantee the debt of others in unlimited amounts; and (B)(i) does not exercise powers that are reserved to the Government as sovereign (such as the power to tax or to regulate interstate commerce); (ii) does not have the power to commit the Government financially (but it may be a recipient of a loan guarantee commitment made by the Government); and (iii) has employees whose salaries and expenses are paid by the enterprise and are not Federal employees subject to title 5.
  • government-unique standard  - a standard developed by and for use by the Federal government in its regulations, procurements, or other program areas specifically for government use (i.e., it is not generally used by the private sector unless required by regulation, procurement, or program participation). The standard was not developed as a voluntary consensus standard.
  • governmentwide acquisition contract  - a task-order or delivery-order contract for information technology established by one agency for Governmentwide use that is operated — (1) By an executive agent designated by the Office of Management and Budget; or (2) Under a delegation of procurement authority issued by the General Services Administration (GSA) prior to August 7, 1996, under authority granted GSA. The Economy Act does not apply to orders under a Governmentwide acquisition contract. Also called GWAC.
  • governmentwide point of entry  - the single point where Government business opportunities greater than $25,000, including synopses of proposed contract actions, solicitations, and associated information, can be accessed electronically by the public. The GPE is located at http:/ / www.fedbizopps.gov. Also called GPE.
  • Governor’s authorized representative  - An individual empowered by a Governor to- (1) execute all necessary documents for disaster assistance on behalf of the State, including certification of applications for public assistance; (2) represent the Governor of the impacted State in the Unified Coordination Group, when required; (3) coordinate and supervise the State disaster assistance program to include serving as its grant administrator; and (4) identify, in coordination with the State Coordinating Officer, the State’s critical information needs for incorporation into a list of Essential Elements of Information.
  • grace period  - the period of one year beginning on the date on which the borrower ceases to pursue a full-time course of study at a school of medicine, osteopathic medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, podiatric medicine, optometry, or veterinary medicine.
  • grade  - a step or degree, in a graduated scale of office or military rank, that is established and designated as a grade by law or regulation.
  • graduate  - an individual who has attended an institution for at least three semesters and fulfilled academic requirements for undergraduate studies in not more than 5 consecutive school years.

graduate medical education program- (i) a residency program for the medical education and training of individuals following graduation from medical school; (ii) a program, known as a specialty or subspecialty fellowship program, that provides more advanced training; and (iii) an institution or organization that operates, sponsors or participates in such a program.

  • graduate medical education residency matching program  - a program (e.g, those conducted by the National Resident Matching Program) that, in connection with the admission of students to graduate medical education programs, uses an algorithm and matching rules to match students in accordance with the preferences of students and the preferences of graduate medical education programs.
  • graduate of a medical school, foreign medical graduate  - a graduate of a medical school is an alien who has graduated from a foreign medical school is commonly referred to as a foreign medical graduate or, usually, FMG. b. See 9 FAM 302.1-6 for additional information on unqualified physicians.
  • graduated sanctions  - an accountability-based graduated series of sanctions (including incentives, treatments, and services) applicable to mentally ill offenders within both the juvenile and adult justice system to hold individuals accountable for their actions and to protect communities by providing appropriate sanctions for inducing law-abiding behavior and preventing subsequent involvement in the criminal justice system.
  • graduates of a medical school  - aliens who have graduated from a medical school or who have qualified to practice medicine in a foreign state, other than such aliens who are of national or international renown in the field of medicine.
  • grand challenge  - a fundamental problem in science or engineering, with broad economic and scientific impact, whose solution will require the application of high-performance computing resources and multidisciplinary teams of researchers.
  • grand master key system  - master key system that has exactly three levels of keying.
  • grant  - legal instrument of financial assistance between the Department, or pass-through entity, and a non-federal entity.
  • grant  - the form of assistance given to schools abroad and various U.S. educational institutions by the U.S. Government under one of several programs.
  • grant and per diem provider  - an entity in receipt of a grant.
  • grant request annual submissions program  - a computerized program used by the schools to provide data to A/ OPR/ OS on general school information, faculty, students, and budget, and to request

  399 grant assistance. FAM 611.6 )

  • grantee  - a corporation to which the privilege of establishing, operating, and maintaining a foreign-trade zone has been granted.
  • grantee department or agency  - the component of a State, local, or federally-recognized Indian tribal government which is responsible for the performance or administration of all or some part of a Federal award.
  • grantees and lessees  - all political subdivisions, municipalities, public and private corporations, and other persons holding grants or leases from a State, or from its predecessor sovereign if legally validated, to lands beneath navigable waters if such grants or leases were issued in accordance with the constitution, statutes, and decisions of the courts of the State in which such lands are situated, or of its predecessor sovereign: Provided, however, That nothing herein shall be construed as conferring upon said grantees or lessees any greater rights or interests other than are described herein and in their respective grants from the State, or its predecessor sovereign.
  • grantor  - A person by whom a grant or transfer of ownership is made.
  • grants an award where  - The principle purpose of the relationship is the transfer of money, property, services, or anything of value to the state or local government or other recipient in order to accomplish a public purpose of support, or stimulation, authorized by Federal statute, rather than acquisition, by purchase, lease, or barter, of property or services for the direct benefit or use of the U.S. Government; and No substantial involvement is anticipated between the Executive agency, acting for the U.S. Government, and the state or local government, or other recipient during performance of the contemplated activity.
  • grants financial management  - Those activities that relate to policy development, oversight, procedures and training pertaining to the financial management of grants.
  • grape product  - grapes and any product (other than wine) made from grapes, including, but not limited to, raisins and grape juice, whether or not concentrated.
  • graphical interchange format  - GIF files support 8-bit or 256-bit colors and are best used for illustrations and flat graphics. Also called GIF.
  • graphical user interface  - An interactive screen display by which the user can move a mouse to point the screen cursor at symbols representing data or instructions to the machine, reducing the need for keyboard typing. Also called GUI.
  • graywater  - galley, bath, and shower water.
  • graywater  - only galley, dishwasher, bath, and laundry waste water. The term does not include other wastes or waste streams.
  • grazing permit and lease  - any document authorizing use of public lands or lands in national forests in the sixteen contiguous Western States for the purpose of grazing domestic livestock.
  • great ape  - a chimpanzee, gorilla, bonobo, orangutan, or gibbon.

Great Lakes navigation system- (A)(i) Lake Superior;(ii) Lake Huron; (iii) Lake Michigan; (iv) Lake Erie; and(v) Lake Ontario;(B) all connecting waters between the lakes referred to in subparagraph   400   §2237 )

  • green building  - practice of creating structures and using processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle from site-selection to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation and deconstruction.
  • green procurement  - integration of environmental performance considerations into the procurement process including planning, acquisition, use, and disposal.
  • greenhouse gas  - A gas that traps solar heat in the earth's atmosphere and contributes to global mean temperature. Also called GHG.

greenhouse gas- (A) carbon dioxide;
(B) methane;
(C) nitrous oxide; (D) hydrofluorocarbons; (E ) perfluorocarbons; or (F) sulfur hexafluoride.

  • greenhouse gas  - carbon dioxide, hydrofluorocarbons, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbons,9 sulfur hexafluoride. The Administrator may include any other anthropogenically-emitted gas that is determined by the Administrator, after notice and comment, to contribute to global warming.
  • greenhouse gas  - carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.
  • greenhouse gas  - gaseous compound that absorbs infrared radiation, traps heat in the atmosphere, and contributes to the greenhouse effect includes: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, HFCs, PFCs, and sulfur hexafluoride.
  • greenhouse gas emission  - scope 1 - direct greenhouse gas emission from sources that are owned or controlled by the Department.
  • greenhouse gas emission  - scope 2 - indirect greenhouse gas emission resulting from the generation of electricity, heat, or steam purchased by the Department.
  • greenhouse gas emission  - scope 3 - indirect greenhouse gas emission from sources not owned or directly controlled by the Department but that are related to agency activities, such as vendor supply chains, delivery services, and employee travel and commuting.
  • greenhouse gas emissions calculator  - An EPA-developed spreadsheet tool utilized to determine the net GHG emissions of all planned/ actual vehicle acquisitions.
  • greenhouse gas emissions score  - A numerical assessment (10-point scale) assigned by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that reflects an individual vehicles carbon dioxide emissions, based on the vehicles make, model, year of manufacture, fuel type, fuel efficiency rating, and other factors (such as engine size and transmission type).
  • greenhouse gas intensity  - the ratio of greenhouse gas emissions to economic output.
  • Greenwich Mean Time  - Mean solar time for the zero or prime meridian at Greenwich, England, used as a basis for calculating time for most of the world. GMT or Zulu (see definition below) is the time used in telegraphic processor clocks. Also called GMT.

  401

  • grid coordinates  - Coordinates of a grid coordinate system to which numbers and letters are assigned for use in designating a point on a gridded map, photograph, or chart.
  • grid security emergency  - the occurrence or imminent danger of — (A)(i) a malicious act using electronic communication or an electromagnetic pulse, or a geomagnetic storm event, that could disrupt the operation of those electronic devices or communications networks, including hardware, software, and data, that are essential to the reliability of critical electric infrastructure or of defense critical electric infrastructure; and (ii) disruption of the operation of such devices or networks, with significant adverse effects on the reliability of critical electric infrastructure or of defense critical electric infrastructure, as a result of such act or event; or (B)(i) a direct physical attack on critical electric infrastructure or on defense critical electric infrastructure; and (ii) significant adverse effects on the reliability of critical electric infrastructure or of defense critical electric infrastructure as a result of such physical attack.
  • grievance  - a matter of concern or dissatisfaction subject to the control of the Department relating to the employment of the grievant, or a group of employees acting as individuals, where there has been a misapplication or violation of law, regulation or written policy, including any allegation of coercion, reprisal or retaliation for having filed a grievance or participated in the grievance process, except as described under Matters Excluded. A grievance must specify the personal relief requested.
  • grievance examiner  - an individual authorized by the Deputy Assistant Secretary (DAS) for Human Resources to analyze grievances, conduct inquiries, and make recommendations concerning case disposition.
  • grievance staff  - the unit of the Bureau of Human Resources (HR) responsible for assisting the responsible Deputy Assistant Secretary (or his or her designee) in reviewing and deciding grievances filed.
  • grievant  - any member of the Service who is a citizen of the United States; or a former member of the Service, or in the case of death of the member, the surviving spouse or, if none, another member of the family.
  • grievous bodily injury  - any of the following categories of injury: mutilation, amputation, dismemberment, disfigurement, loss of important bodily functions, debilitating internal disorder, severe burn, severe electric shock, and injuries likely to require extended hospitalization.
  • gross cargo weight  - the weight of the cargo, packaging materials (including ice), pallets, and dunnage.
  • gross negligence  - voluntary and conscious conduct (including a failure to act) by a person who, at the time of the conduct, knew that the conduct was likely to be harmful to the health or well-being of another person.
  • gross pay  - Total monetary payment due an employee, PSC, or PSA, for services before any mandatory or voluntary deductions are effected.
  • gross square meter space measurement  - Space on all floors within the outside surface of the exterior walls.
  • gross square meters  - Space on all floors within the outside surface of the exterior walls.
  • gross vehicle-weight rating  - A gross vehicle weight rating is the maximum allowable total mass of a road vehicle when loaded, including the weight of the vehicle itself plus fuel, passengers, cargo, and

  402   trailer tongue weight. Also called GVWR.

  • gross violations of internationally recognized human rights  - torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, prolonged detention without charges and trial, causing the disappearance of persons by the abduction and clandestine detention of those persons, and other flagrant denial of the right to life, liberty, or the security of person.
  • gross violations of internationally recognized human rights  - torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, prolonged detention without charges and trial, causing the disappearance of persons by the abduction and clandestine detention of those persons, and other flagrant denial of the right to life, liberty, or the security of person.
  • gross weight  - Obtained by adding to the net weight the weight of lift vans, outside shipping containers, and the weight of dunnage or bracing material used to secure articles in such vans or containers.
  • ground alert  - That status in which aircraft on the ground/ deck are fully serviced and armed, with combat crews in readiness to take off within a specified period of time after receipt of a mission order. See also airborne alert.
  • ground-based interceptor  - A fixed-based, surface-to-air missile for defense against long-range ballistic missiles using an exo-atmospheric hit-to-kill interception of the targeted reentry vehicle in the midcourse phase of flight.
  • ground-based midcourse defense  - A surface-to-air ballistic missile defense system for exo-atmospheric midcourse phase interception of long-range ballistic missiles using the ground-based interceptors. Also called GMD.
  • group  - 1. A flexible administrative and tactical unit composed of either two or more battalions or two or more squadrons. 2. A number of ships and/ or aircraft, normally a subdivision of a force, assigned for a specific purpose. 3. A long-standing functional organization that is formed to support a broad function within a joint force commander’s headquarters.
  • group  - Established to divide the incident management structure into functional areas of operation. Groups are composed of resources assembled to perform a special function not necessarily within a single geographic division. Groups, when activated, are located between Branches and resources in the Operations Section. See Division.
  • group health insurance coverage  - health insurance coverage offered in connection with such plan.
  • group health insurance coverage  - in connection with a group health plan, health insurance coverage offered in connection with such plan.
  • guaranteeing agency  - a department or agency of the United States engaged in procurement for the national defense.
  • guarantor  - any person, other than the responsible party, who provides evidence of financial responsibility for a responsible party under this Act.
  • guard  - Mechanism limiting the exchange of information between systems. These devices are often used between systems of different classification levels.
  • guarded frequencies  - A list of time-oriented, enemy frequencies that are currently being exploited for combat information and intelligence or jammed after the commander has weighed the potential

  403 operational gain against the loss of the technical information. See also electronic warfare.

  • guerrilla force  - A group of irregular, predominantly indigenous personnel organized along military lines to conduct military and paramilitary operations in enemy-held, hostile, or denied territory.
  • guidance counselor  - an individual who works with at-risk youth on a one-on-one basis, to establish a supportive relationship with such at-risk youth and to provide such at-risk youth with academic assistance and exposure to new experiences that enhance their ability to become responsible citizens.
  • guidance for controlling asbestos-containing material in buildings  – the Environmental Protection Agency document with such title as in effect on March 31, 1986.
  • guided missile  - An unmanned vehicle moving above the surface of the Earth whose trajectory or flight path is capable of being altered by an external or internal mechanism. See also ballistic missile.
  • gun-target line  - An imaginary straight line from gun to target. Also called GTL.
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