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  • habitability  - capability of being inhabited includes those effort undertaken during analysis, design and modification activities to achieve, promote and ensure an effective, efficient and gender-conscious environment free of unhealthy, uncomfortable or harsh attributes.
  • habitat enhancement  - the manipulation of the physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of a habitat to change a specific function or serial stage of the habitat.
  • habitat establishment  - the manipulation of physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of a project site to create and maintain habitat that did not previously exist on the project site, including construction of — (A) shallow water impoundments on non-hydric soils; and (B) side channel spawning and rearing habitat.
  • habitat improvement  - restoring, enhancing, or establishing physiographic, hydrological, or disturbance conditions necessary to establish or maintain native plant and animal communities, including periodic manipulations to maintain intended habitat conditions on completed project sites.
  • habitat restoration  - i) an activity conducted to return a project site, to the maximum extent practicable, to the ecological condition that existed prior to the loss or degradation, including—
(I) removing tile drains or plugging drainage ditches in former or degraded wetland; (II) returning meanders and sustainable profiles to straightened streams;
(III) burning grass communities heavily invaded by exotic species to reestablish native grass and plant communities; and
(IV) planting plant communities that are native to the project site; (ii) if restoration of a project site to its original ecological condition is not practicable, an activity that repairs 1 or more of the original habitat functions and that involve the use of native vegetation, including — (I) the installation of a water control structure in a swale on land isolated from overbank flooding by a major levee to simulate natural hydrological processes; and (II) the placement of streambank or instream habitat diversity structures in streams that cannot be restored to original conditions or profile; and (iii) removal of a disturbing or degrading element to enable the native habitat to reestablish or become fully functional.
  • habitat restoration  - the manipulation of the physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of a site

  404   with the goal of returning the majority of natural functions to the lost or degraded native habitat. US Code 16, §3772 )

  • habit-forming narcotic drug or narcotic  - opium and coca leaves and the several alkaloids derived therefrom, the best known of these alkaloids being morphia, heroin, and codeine, obtained from opium, and cocaine derived from the coca plant; all compounds, salts, preparations, or other derivatives obtained either from the raw material or from the various alkaloids; Indian hemp and its various derivatives, compounds, and preparations, and peyote in its various forms; isonipecaine and its derivatives, compounds, salts, and preparations; opiates.
  • Hague Abduction Convention  - shorthand for the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction.
  • Hague Abduction Convention  - the Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, done at The Hague October 25, 1980.
  • Hague Convention Certificate  - a certificate issued by a consular officer overseas to the adoptive parent(s) or prospective adoptive parent(s) certifying that the foreign adoption or grant of legal custody in the country of origin was granted pursuant to the Convention and Intercountry Adoption Act. A Hague Convention Certificate will be either a Hague Adoption Certificate (IHAC) (in the case of a final adoption overseas) or a Hague Custody Certificate (IHCC) (in the case of custody granted overseas for the purpose of adoption in the United States).
  • half-life  - The time required for the activity of a given radioactive species to decrease to half of its initial value due to radioactive decay.
  • handle via special access channels only material  - material handling caveat used within special access program (SAP) control channels to identify classified or unclassified information that requires handling in special access program control channels due to its sensitivity when associated with a special access program.
  • handling instructions  - A generic term for the acronyms and phrases preceding the body of a telegram to define dissemination at addressee posts. Handling instructions are categorized as captions, attention indicators, or passing instructions.
  • handling symbol  - In the context of telegraphic processing, any one of three words that defines a unique telegraphic handling procedure - CRITIC, NIACT, or POUCH.
  • hands-free device  - An apparatus used with an electronic device that permits the user to operate the device without holding it or otherwise occupying the users hands. HFDs may take the form of voice/ touch activation, an ear-bud and lapel microphone combination, or an installed speaker and microphone combination. Also called HFD.
  • harbor  - any channel or harbor, or element thereof, in the United States, capable of being utilized in the transportation of commercial cargo in domestic or foreign waterborne commerce by commercial vessels. The term does not include- (A) an inland harbor;(B) the Saint Lawrence Seaway; (C) local access or berthing channels; (D) channels or harbors constructed or maintained by nonpublic interests; and(E) any portion of the Columbia River other than the channels on the downstream side of Bonneville lock and dam.
  • hard mineral resource  - any deposit or accretion on, or just below, the surface of the deep seabed of nodules which include one or more minerals, at least one of which contains manganese, nickel, cobalt, or copper.
  • hard-metric  - measurement, design, and manufacture using the metric system of measurement, but does not include measurement, design, and manufacture using English system measurement units which

  405 are subsequently reexpressed in the metric system of measurement. §205c. )

  • hardship  - Hardship would not usually be considered to exist when an alien does not wish to return to the place of last foreign residence only because of inconvenience or expense. b. A brief, temporary absence from work would not generally be considered a hardship. c. Inability of an alien to travel long distances because of physical infirmity or advanced age would be considered to entail hardship. d. The presence of war, widespread civil disturbance, revolution, or other similar phenomena in an aliens country of last foreign residence would be evidence that it would be a hardship if the alien were required to return to that country. If the post is inclined to accept a case but has doubts about the aliens claim regarding a disturbance of some kind in the aliens last country of residence, the Departments advice may be sought by contacting CA/ VO/ F). e. Aliens from countries with no visa-issuing post could possibly entail hardship.
  • hardware  - The physical parts of an information system and related devices. Internal hardware devices include motherboards, hard drives, and memory. External hardware devices include monitors, keyboards, mice, printers, scanners, tape drives, and external storage arrays.
  • hardware assurance  - Hardware assurance is provided through investigatory procedures that review the technology safeguards applied to classified information-processing equipment for signs of tampering.
  • harm  - Damage, loss, or misuse of information which adversely affects one or more individuals or undermines the integrity of a system or program.
  • harm  - physical, nonphysical, economic, and noneconomic losses.
  • harmful algal bloom  - marine and freshwater phytoplankton that proliferate to high concentrations, resulting in nuisance conditions or harmful impacts on marine and aquatic ecosystems, coastal communities, and human health through the production of toxic compounds or other biological, chemical, and physical impacts of the algae outbreak.
  • harmful quantity oil  - quantity of oil that is potentially harmful to public health or welfare; or that violates applicable water quality standards; or that cause a film, sheen, or discoloration of the water surface or adjacent shorelines; or that cause an oily sludge or emulsion to be deposited beneath the water surface or upon adjacent shorelines.
  • harmful to minors  - any picture, image, graphic image file, or other visual depiction that- (A) taken as a whole and with respect to minors, appeals to a prurient interest in nudity, sex, or excretion; (B) depicts, describes, or represents, in a patently offensive way with respect to what is suitable for minors, an actual or simulated sexual act or sexual contact, actual or simulated normal or perverted sexual acts, or a lewd exhibition of the genitals; and (C) taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value as to minors.
  • hasty breach  - The creation of lanes through enemy minefields by expedient methods such as blasting with demolitions, pushing rollers or disabled vehicles through the minefields when the time factor does not permit detailed reconnaissance, deliberate breaching, or bypassing the obstacle.
  • hazard  - A condition with the potential to cause injury, illness, or death of personnel; damage to or loss of equipment or property; or mission degradation. See also injury; risk.
  • hazard  - an emergency or disaster resulting from- (A) a natural disaster; or(B) an accidental or man- caused event.

  406  

  • hazard  - Something that is potentially dangerous or harmful, often the root cause of an unwanted outcome.
  • hazard  - source or cause of harm or difficulty may be natural, technological, or human-caused.
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment  - A process to identify hazards and associated risk to persons, property, and structures and to improve protection from natural and human-caused hazards. HIRA serves as a foundation for planning, resource management, capability development, public education, and training and exercises. Also called HIRA.
  • hazard reduction  - the reduction in the potential consequences to life and property of dam failure.
  • hazardous air pollutant  - pollutant that is known or suspected to cause cancer or other serious health effects, such as reproductive effects or birth defects, or adverse environmental effects.
  • hazardous cargo  - Cargo that includes not only large bulk-type categories such as explosives, pyrotechnics, petroleum, oils, and lubricants, compressed gases, corrosives and batteries, but lesser quantity materials like super-tropical bleach (oxiderizer), pesticides, poisons, medicines, specialized medical chemicals and medical waste that can be loaded as cargo.
  • hazardous cargo  - commodity considered as hazardous material that is loaded as cargo for transport includes not only bulk-type categories such as explosives, pyrotechnics, petroleum oils and lubricants, compressed gases, corrosives, and batteries, but lesser materials like super-tropical bleach (oxidizer), pesticides, poisons, medicines, specialized medical chemicals and medical waste.
  • hazardous chemical or material  - chemical or material which can cause a physical or a health hazard include: 1. Any chemical or material defined as hazardous by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA); 2. Any item or chemical that is reportable or potentially reportable as inventoried under the requirements of the hazardous chemical reporting by the U.S. EPA; and 3. Any item or chemical that, when being transported or moved on public roads, is a risk to public health or safety or an environmental hazard and is regulated by, but not limited to, the following requirements: (1) U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Hazardous Materials Transportation Act; (2) International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code of the International Maritime Organization; (3) Dangerous Goods Regulations of the International Air Transport Association; or (4) Technical Instructions of the International Civil Aviation Organization.

hazardous liquid- (A) petroleum or a petroleum product; (B) nonpetroleum fuel, including biofuel, that is flammable, toxic, or corrosive or would be harmful to the environment if released in significant quantities; and (C) a substance the Secretary of Transportation decides may pose an unreasonable risk to life or property when transported by a hazardous liquid pipeline facility in a liquid state (except for liquefied natural gas).

  • hazardous liquid pipeline facility  - a pipeline, a right of way, a facility, a building, or equipment used or intended to be used in transporting hazardous liquid.
  • hazardous materials  - a broad range of materials that are not only flammable or combustible but are also designated under related maritime safety and environmental laws.
  • hazardous property  - Material consisting of explosives, flammables, corrosives, combustibles, oxidizers, poisons, toxins, sources of ionizing radiation or radiant energy, biological, radiological, or magnetic substances, or compressed gases, which, because of their nature are dangerous to store or handle and present real or potential hazards to life and/ or property.

  407

  • hazardous substance  - material that, because of its quantity, concentration, or physical or chemical characteristics, poses a significant present or potential hazard to human health and safety, or to the environment excludes petroleum and natural gas.
  • hazardous waste  - a solid waste, or combination of solid wastes, which because of its quantity, concentration, or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics may (A) cause, or significantly contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible, or incapacitating reversible, illness; or (B) pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, or disposed of, or otherwise managed.
  • hazardous waste  - material, substance, or byproduct eliminated or discarded as no longer useful or required that pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment due to one or more of the following: ignitability, reactivity, corrosively, or toxicity may be solid, liquid, or gaseous waste or a combination thereof.
  • hazardous waste generation  - the act or process of producing hazardous waste.
  • hazardous waste generator  - person, site, or facility, whose act or process produces hazardous waste or whose act first subjects hazardous waste to regulation.
  • hazardous waste management  - the systematic control of the collection, source separation, storage, transportation, processing, treatment, recovery, and disposal of hazardous wastes.
  • hazards of electromagnetic radiation to fuels  - The potential hazard that is created when volatile combustibles, such as fuel, are exposed to electromagnetic fields of sufficient energy to cause ignition. Also called HERF.
  • hazards of electromagnetic radiation to ordnance  - The danger of accidental actuation of electro- explosive devices or otherwise electrically activating ordnance because of radio frequency electromagnetic fields. Also called HERO. See also electromagnetic radiation; HERO SAFE ordnance; HERO UNSAFE ordnance; ordnance.
  • hazards of electromagnetic radiation to personnel  - The potential hazard that exists when personnel are exposed to an electromagnetic field of sufficient intensity to heat the human body. Also called HERP.
  • hazing  - any unauthorized assumption of authority by a midshipman whereby another midshipman suffers or is exposed to any cruelty, indignity, humiliation, hardship, or oppression, or the deprivation or abridgement of any right.

hazmat employee- (A) an individual-(i) who-(I) is employed on a full time, part time, or temporary basis by a hazmat employer; or (II) is self-employed (including an owner-operator of a motor vehicle, vessel, or aircraft) transporting hazardous material in commerce; and (ii) who during the course of such full time, part time, or temporary employment, or such self employment, directly affects hazardous material transportation safety as the Secretary decides by regulation; and (B) an individual, employed on a full time, part time, or temporary basis by a hazmat employer, or self employed, who during the course of employment- (i) loads, unloads, or handles hazardous material; (ii) designs, manufactures, fabricates, inspects, marks, maintains, reconditions, repairs, or tests a package, container, or packaging component that is represented, marked, certified, or sold as qualified for use in transporting hazardous material in commerce; (iii) prepares hazardous material for transportation; (iv) is responsible for the safety of transporting hazardous material; or (v) operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous material. head of a medical facility- (A) with respect to a medical facility of the Department of Veterans Affairs,   408   means the director of the facility, and (B) with respect to a medical facility of the Department of Defense, means the medical or dental officer in charge or the contract surgeon in charge. US Code 38, §8111. )

  • head of agency  - For the Department of State, the Secretary of State; for the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the Administrator of USAID; for the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), the Chairman of the International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB); for Agriculture, the Secretary of Agriculture; and for Commerce, the Secretary of Commerce.

head of an element of the intelligence community- (A) the head of an element of the intelligence community; or (B) the head of the department or agency containing such element.

  • head of an executive department or agency  - Means the Secretary of State, Secretary of Commerce, Secretary of Agriculture, or USAID Administrator, or a person exercising authority delegated by the agency or executive department head.
  • head of contracting activity  - The official who has overall responsibility for managing the contracting activity. Also called HCA.
  • head of contracting activity  - The official who has overall responsibility for managing the contracting activity. Also called HCA.
  • head of each agency engaged in procurement for the national defense  - the heads of the Departments of State, Justice, the Interior, and Homeland Security, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, the Central Intelligence Agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the General Services Administration, and all other agencies with authority delegated.
  • head of the contracting activity  - the official who has overall responsibility for managing the contracting activity.
  • heading  - The part of a telegram that precedes the text and controls the transmission, security and accountability of telegrams between the originator and addressee posts.
  • heading  - The part of an ACP127-formatted telegram that precedes the text and controls the transmission, security, and accountability of telegrams between the originator and addressee posts.
  • headquarters  - physical location of a principal place of business.
  • headquarters  - The Washington headquarters of the Department of State, Broadcasting Board of Governors, the Agency for International Development, the Foreign Agricultural Service and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the Department of Agriculture, and the Department of Commerce, as appropriate.
  • heads of agency at establishments abroad  - The highest ranking person at an agency establishment abroad authorized to make determinations on behalf of the agency. Includes, but is not limited to, the USAID mission director or USAID representative; officers in charge of radio relay stations or radio program centers; and officers in charge of regional service centers.
  • head-up display  - A display of flight, navigation, attack, or other information superimposed upon the pilot’s forward field of view. See also flight.
  • health care  - all appropriate examinations, preventive, curative and restorative health and medical care, and supplementary services when necessary.(e) For the purposes of this chapter or any other Act, the period of any individual's service as a volunteer under this chapter shall include-(i) any period of training prior to enrollment as a volunteer under this chapter; and (ii) the period between enrollment

  409 as a volunteer and the termination of service as such volunteer by the President or by death or resignation.

  • health care clearinghouse  - a public or private entity that processes or facilitates the processing of nonstandard data elements of health information into standard data elements.
  • Health Care Coalition  - A group of individual health care and response organizations (e.g., hospitals, emergency medical services (EMS), emergency management organizations, public health agencies, etc.) in a defined geographic location. HCCs play a critical role in developing health care delivery system preparedness and response capabilities. HCCs serve as multiagency coordinating groups that support and integrate with ESF-8 activities in the context of incident command system (ICS) responsibilities. Also called HCC.
  • health care industry stakeholder  - 
(A) health plan, health care clearinghouse, or health care provider;

  • health care organization  - any individual or entity which is obligated to provide, pay for, or administer health benefits under any health plan.

health care provider- (A) a doctor of medicine or osteopathy who is authorized to practice medicine or surgery (as appropriate) by the State in which the doctor practices; or
(B) any other person determined by the Secretary to be capable of providing health care services.

  • health care provider  - any entity that furnishes health care items or services, and includes a hospital or other provider of services, a physician or other health care practitioner or professional, a health care facility, or a supplier of health care items or services.
  • health care provider  - any health care professional, including community health aides and practitioners, who is — (A) granted clinical practice privileges or employed to provide health care services at — (i) an Indian health program; or (ii) a health program of an urban Indian organization; and (B) licensed or certified to perform health care services by a governmental board or agency or professional health care society or organization.
  • health care provider  - any individual or entity-(A) licensed, registered, or certified under Federal or State laws or regulations to provide health care services; or (B) required to be so licensed, registered, or certified but that is exempted by other statute or regulation.
  • health care provider  - any licensed health care professional, organization, or institution, whether public or private (including Federal, State, and local departments, agencies, and instrumentalities) under whose authority a vaccine set forth in the Vaccine Injury Table is administered.
  • health care provider  - Any member of the Armed Forces, civilian employee of the Department of Defense, or personal services contract employee under Title 10, United States Code authorized by the Department of Defense to perform health care functions. Also called DOD health care provider.
  • health care provider  - any military or civilian health care professional who, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, is granted clinical practice privileges to provide health care services in a military medical or dental treatment facility or who is licensed or certified to perform health care services by a governmental board or agency or professional health care society or organization.
  • health care provider  - any person or entity required by State or Federal law or regulation to be licensed, registered, or certified to provide health care services, and who is so licensed, registered, or

  410   certified. §280g–8 )

  • health care provider  - organization or person delivering authorized health care to individuals or groups in need of health care services.
  • health care services  - any services provided by a health care provider, or by any individual working under the supervision of a health care provider, that relate to- (A) the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of any human disease or impairment; or (B) the assessment of the health of human beings.
  • health engagement  - a health stability operation conducted by the Department of Defense outside the United States in coordination with a foreign government or international organization to establish, reconstitute, or maintain the health sector of a foreign country.
  • Health Extension Agent  - any local, community-based health worker who facilitates and provides assistance to primary care practices by implementing quality improvement or system redesign, incorporating the principles of the patient-centered medical home to provide high-quality, effective, efficient, and safe primary care and to provide guidance to patients in culturally and linguistically appropriate ways, and linking practices to diverse health system resources.
  • Health Information Exchange  - Electronic health information exchange (HIE) allows doctors, nurses, pharmacists, other health care providers and patients to appropriately access and securely share patients’ vital medical information electronically.

health information technology -hardware, software, integrated technologies or related licenses, intellectual property, upgrades, or packaged solutions sold as services that are designed for or support the use by health care entities or patients for the electronic creation.

  • health insurance coverage  - benefits consisting of medical care (provided directly, through insurance or reimbursement, or otherwise and including items and services paid for as medical care) under any hospital or medical service policy or certificate, hospital or medical service plan contract, or health maintenance organization contract offered by a health insurance issuer.
  • health insurance coverage  - benefits consisting of medical care (provided directly, through insurance or reimbursement, or otherwise and including items and services paid for as medical care) under any hospital or medical service policy or certificate, hospital or medical service plan contract, or health maintenance organization contract offered by a health insurance issuer.
  • Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act confidentiality regulations  - regulations promulgated under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. Also called HIPPPA.
  • health literacy  - the degree to which an individual has the capacity to obtain, communicate, process, and understand health information and services in order to make appropriate health decisions.
  • health maintenance organization  - a public or private entity which is organized under the laws of any State and which (1) provides basic and supplemental health services to its members in the manner prescribed is organized and operated in the manner.
  • health plan  - an insurance policy or contract, medical or hospital service agreement, membership or subscription contract, or other arrangement under which health services for individuals are provided or the expenses of such services are paid.
  • health problem  - a disease or medical ailment or an environmental condition that poses the risk of disease or medical ailment. The term includes diseases, ailments, or risks of disease or ailment

  411 caused by or related to environmental factors, control of animals and rabies, control of insect and rodent vectors, disposal of solid and hazardous waste, and control and monitoring of air quality. §290n–6 )

health professions school -a school of medicine, a school of osteopathic medicine, a school of dentistry, a school of pharmacy, or a graduate program in behavioral or mental health.

  • health resources  - drugs, biological products, medical devices, materials, facilities, health supplies, services and equipment required to diagnose, mitigate or prevent the impairment of, improve, treat, cure, or restore the physical or mental health conditions of the population.
  • health risk assessment  - process that identifies demographic, medical and lifestyle health recommendations.
  • health service support  - All services performed, provided, or arranged to promote, improve, conserve, or restore the mental or physical well-being of personnel, which include, but are not limited to, the management of health services resources, such as manpower, monies, and facilities; preventive and curative health measures; evacuation of the wounded, injured, or sick; selection of the medically fit and disposition of the medically unfit; blood management; medical supply, equipment, and maintenance thereof; combat and operational stress control; and medical, dental, veterinary, laboratory, optometric, nutrition therapy, and medical intelligence services. Also called HSS.
  • health services research  - research endeavors that study the impact of the organization, financing and management of health services on the quality, cost, access to and outcomes of care. Such term does not include research on the efficacy of services to prevent, diagnose, or treat medical conditions.
  • health situational awareness  - A knowledge state that results from the process of active information gathering (both domestic and international) with appropriate analysis, integration, interpretation, validation, and sharing of information related to health threats and the health of the human population, as well as health system and human services resources, health-related response assets, and other information that could impact the public’s health to inform decision-making, resource allocation, and other actions.
  • health situational awareness  - A knowledge state that results from the process of active information- gathering (both domestic and international) with appropriate analysis, integration, interpretation, validation, and sharing of information related to health threats and the health of the human population, as well as health system and human services resources, health-related response assets, and other information that could affect the public’s health to inform decision-making, resource allocation, and other actions.
  • health surveillance  - The regular or repeated collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data and the dissemination of information to monitor the health of a population and to identify potential health risks, thereby enabling timely interventions to prevent, treat, reduce, or control disease and injury, which includes occupational and environmental health surveillance and medical surveillance subcomponents.
  • health system  - a collection of hospitals that are owned and operated by the same entity and that share access to databases with drug order information for their patients.
  • health threat  - A composite of ongoing or potential enemy actions; adverse environmental, occupational, and geographic and meteorological conditions; endemic diseases; and employment of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons (to include weapons of mass destruction) that have the potential to affect the short- or long-term health (including psychological impact) of personnel.
  • healthcare coalition  - A “single functional entity” of healthcare facilities and related organizations that

  412   work together to prevent, protect, mitigate against, respond to, and recover from an incident. DHHS Quadrennial National Health Security Strategy Implementation Plan, 2015‐2018, Terms )

  • healthcare coalition  - A single functional entity of healthcare facilities and other healthcare assets to organize and implement the mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery actions of medical and healthcare providers in a jurisdiction’s healthcare system.
  • health-care providers  - health-care plans and insurers and any organizations, institutions, or other entities or individuals who furnish health-care resources.
  • health-care resource  - hospital care, medical services, and rehabilitative services, any other health-care service, and any health-care support or administrative resource.
  • healthcare system  - The broader, community-wide health system that includes hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, nursing homes, hospices, community health centers, home care, physician and other ambulatory care providers; specialty services like dialysis centers, poison control centers, and emergency medical services; and an array of other healthcare providers at the state and local levels.
  • healthcare system  - The broader, community-wide health system that includes hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, nursing homes, hospices, health centers, home care, physician and other ambulatory care providers, specialty services like dialysis centers, poison control centers, and emergency medical services, and an array of other healthcare providers at the State and local level[s].”
  • hearing impairment  - an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
  • hearing screening  - objective physiologic procedures to detect possible hearing loss and to identify newborns and infants who, after rescreening, require further audiologic and medical evaluations.
  • heart diseases  - diseases of the heart and circulation.
  • heat initiator  - initiator that serves as an igniting element through the application of heat may include direct heat to a sensitive explosive.
  • heavy duty vehicle  - a vehicle of greater than 8,500 pounds gross vehicle weight rating.
  • heavy rail  - electric railway that can carry a heavy volume of passenger traffic characterized by; high speed and rapid acceleration, rail cars operating singly or in multi-car trains, separate rights of way from which all other vehicular and foot traffic is excluded, sophisticated signaling, and high- platform loading.
  • heavy-lift cargo  - 1. Any single cargo lift, weighing over 5 long tons, and to be handled aboard ship. 2. In Marine Corps usage, individual units of cargo that exceed 800 pounds in weight or 100 cubic feet in volume.

  413 JP 4‐01.5 )

  • heavy-lift ship  - A ship specially designed and capable of loading and unloading heavy and bulky items and has booms of sufficient capacity to accommodate a single lift of 100 tons.
  • height of burst  - The vertical distance from the Earth’s surface or target to the point of burst. Also called HOB.
  • heir  - A person who inherits property by will or under a statute of descent and distribution.
  • helicopter coordination section  - The section within the Navy tactical air control center that coordinates rotary-wing air operations with the air traffic control center(s) in the amphibious force. Also called HCS.
  • help desk  - A specific group(s) in CGFS established to address system and functional financial issues in a timely manner.
  • heritage asset  - Antiques, works of art, and other cultural objects with historic importance, antiquity, rare quality, or intrinsic value. This includes decorative arts such as textiles, antique furniture, clocks, sterling silver hollowware, porcelain and ceramics, and attachments such as wooden panels, hand- painted wallpapers, chandeliers, and fireplace mantels. It includes fine arts such as paintings, sculpture, and unique or limited edition prints. It also includes other cultural property such as musical instruments and rare books.
  • HERO SAFE ordnance  - Any ordnance item that is percussion initiated, sufficiently shielded or otherwise so protected that all electro-explosive devices contained by the item are immune to adverse effects (safety or reliability) when the item is employed in its expected radio frequency environments, provided that the general hazards of electromagnetic radiation to ordnance requirements defined in the hazards from electromagnetic radiation manual are observed. See also electromagnetic radiation; hazards of electromagnetic radiation to ordnance; HERO SUSCEPTIBLE ordnance; HERO UNSAFE ordnance; ordnance.
  • HERO SUSCEPTIBLE ordnance  - Any ordnance item containing electro-explosive devices proven by test or analysis to be adversely affected by radio frequency energy to the point that the safety and/ or reliability of the system is in jeopardy when the system is employed in its expected radio frequency environment. See also electromagnetic radiation; hazards of electromagnetic radiation to ordnance; HERO SAFE ordnance; HERO UNSAFE ordnance; ordnance.
  • HERO UNSAFE ordnance  - Any ordnance item containing electro-explosive devices that has not been classified as HERO SAFE or HERO SUSCEPTIBLE ordnance as a result of a hazards of electromagnetic radiation to ordnance (HERO) analysis or test is considered HERO UNSAFE ordnance. Additionally, any ordnance item containing electro-explosive devices (including those previously classified as HERO SAFE or HERO SUSCEPTIBLE ordnance) that has its internal wiring exposed; when tests are being conducted on that item that result in additional electrical connections to the item; when electro-explosive devices having exposed wire leads are present and handled or loaded in any but the tested condition; when the item is being assembled or disassembled; or when such ordnance items are damaged causing exposure of internal wiring or components or destroying engineered HERO protective devices. See also electromagnetic radiation; hazards of electromagnetic radiation to ordnance; HERO SAFE ordnance; HERO SUSCEPTIBLE ordnance; ordnance.
  • H-hour  - 1. The specific hour on D-day at which a particular operation commences.

  414   JP 3‐02 )

  • hierarchic escalation  - occurrence of increased intensity or seriousness requiring more senior levels of management to assist.
  • high altitude bombing  - Horizontal bombing with the height of release over 15,000 feet.
  • high density airport  - an airport at which the Administrator limits the number of instrument flight rule takeoffs and landings of aircraft.
  • high explosive  - chemical compound or mixture that is capable of supporting or sustaining a detonation wave.
  • high exposure level  - a level of exposure to a substance of concern that is for such a duration, or of such a magnitude, that adverse effects on human health can be reasonably expected to occur, as determined by the President, acting through the Secretary of Health and Human Services, in accordance with human monitoring or environmental or other appropriate indicators.
  • high global warming potential hydrofluorocarbons  - any hydrofluorocarbons in a particular end use for which EPA’s Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) program has identified other acceptable alternatives that have lower global warming potential.
  • high intensity drug trafficking area  - program created by Congress with the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 that provides assistance to federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies operating in areas determined to be critical drug trafficking regions of the United States.
  • high interest conveyance  - vessel intending to enter a U.S. port that may pose a high relative security risk to the port or other U.S. interests.
  • high occupancy vehicle or HOV  - a vehicle with not fewer than 2 occupants.
  • high performance building  - facility that incorporates a comprehensive program of initiatives toward responsible environmental stewardship.
  • high potential historic sites  - those historic sites related to the route, or sites in close proximity thereto, which provide opportunity to interpret the historic significance of the trail during the period of its major use. Criteria for consideration as high potential sites include historic significance, presence of visible historic remnants, scenic quality, and relative freedom from intrusion.
  • high potential route segments  - those segments of a trail which would afford high quality recreation experience in a portion of the route having greater than average scenic values or affording an opportunity to vicariously share the experience of the original users of a historic route.
  • high power radio controlled improvised explosive device transmitter  - radio controlled improvised explosive device (RCIED) transmitter with an output power greater than or equal to 0.35 watt.

high priority use- (A) use of natural gas in a residence; (B) use of natural gas in a commercial establishment in amounts less than 50 Mcf on a peak day; or (C) any use of natural gas the curtailment of which the President determines would endanger life, health, or maintenance of physical property.   415

  • high resolution  - resolution better than five meters.
  • high risk position  - position that has the potential for exceptionally serious impact on the integrity and efficiency of the federal service.
  • high risk country  - country deemed by the Department of State on its Security Environmental Threat List as posing a technical threat to the United States that is medium, high, or critical.
  • high risk rural road  - any roadway functionally classified as a rural major or minor collector or a rural local road with significant safety risks, as defined by a State in accordance with an updated State strategic highway safety plan.
  • high school education or equivalent  - successful completion of at least a- (1) Twelve-year course of elementary and secondary study in the United States; or (2) Formal course of elementary and secondary education comparable to completion of 12 years elementary or secondary education in the United States. Because a United States high school education is sufficient in itself to qualify a student to apply for college admission, in order for a foreign education to be equivalent to a United States education, it should be sufficient to allow a student to apply for college admission without further education. Vocational degrees that are not considered a basis for further academic study will not be considered equivalent to United States high school education. b. We interpret the phrase at least a high school education or its equivalent to apply only to formal courses of study. Equivalency certificates (such as the G.E.D.) are not acceptable. To qualify, an alien must have completed a 12- year course of elementary and secondary education in the United States or a comparable course of study in another country. Evidence might consist of a certificate of completion equivalent to a United States diploma, school transcripts, or other evidence issued by the person or organization responsible for maintaining such records, which specify the completed course of study. c. See 9 FAM 502.6-3 for additional information on diversity immigrant visa eligibility.
  • high speed rail  - intercity rail service which operates primarily on a dedicated guideway or track designed for speeds above 110 mph and not used, for the most part, by freight including, but not limited to, trains on welded rail, magnetically levitated (maglev) vehicles on a special guideway, or other advanced technology vehicles.
  • high value airborne asset protection  - A defensive counterair mission using fighter escorts that defends airborne national assets which are so important that the loss of even one could seriously impact United States warfighting capabilities or provide the enemy with significant propaganda value. Also called HVAA protection. See also defensive counterair.
  • high value assets  - Items whose compromise or loss will severely impact post operations (personnel or payroll data, safes containing funds, Information Technology devices, etc.).
  • high velocity drop  - A drop procedure in which the drop velocity is greater than 30 feet per second and lower than free drop velocity. See also airdrop.
  • high-3 average pay  - the amount of the participant's average basic pay for the highest 3 consecutive years of the participant's service for which full contributions have been made to the fund.
  • high-altitude missile engagement zone  - In air defense, that airspace of defined dimensions within which the responsibility for engagement of air threats normally rests with high-altitude surface-to- air missiles. Also called HIMEZ.
  • high-consequence target  - a property, natural resource, location, area, or other target designated by the Secretary that is a viable terrorist target of national significance, which may include a facility or specific critical infrastructure, the attack of which by railroad could result in- (A) catastrophic loss

  416   of life;
(B) significant damage to national security or defense capabilities; or (C) national economic harm.

  • high-density airspace control zone  - Airspace designated in an airspace control plan or airspace control order in which there is a concentrated employment of numerous and varied weapons and airspace users. Also called HIDACZ.
  • high-end computing system  - a computing system with performance that substantially exceeds that of systems that are commonly available for advanced scientific and engineering applications.
  • high-impact system  - An information system in which at least one security objective (i.e., confidentiality, integrity, or availability) is assigned a FIPS 199 potential impact value of high.
  • high-level radioactive waste  - the aqueous waste resulting from the operation of the first cycle solvent extraction system, or equivalent and the concentrated waste from subsequent extraction cycles, or equivalent, in a facility for reprocessing irradiated reactor fuels, or irradiated fuel from nuclear power reactors.
  • High-Level Task Force  - The NATO body responsible for addressing issues related to Euro-Atlantic conventional arms control. Also called HLTF.
  • highly enriched uranium  - uranium enriched to 20 percent or more in the isotope U–235.

highly rural -an area that consists of a county or counties having a population of less than seven persons per square mile.

  • highly-enriched uranium  - uranium enriched to or above 20 percent in the isotope 235.
  • high-need early childhood education program  - an early childhood education program serving children from low-income families that is located within the geographic area served by a high-need local educational agency.
  • high-need school  - a public elementary school or secondary school that is located in an area in which the percentage of students from families with incomes below the poverty line is 30 percent or more.
  • high-payoff target  - A target whose loss to the enemy will significantly contribute to the success of the friendly course of action. Also called HPT. See also high-value target; target.
  • high-performance computing  - advanced computing, communications, and information technologies, including supercomputer systems, high-capacity and high-speed networks, special purpose and experimental systems, applications and systems software, and the management of large data sets.
  • high-performing organization  - an organization whose performance exceeds that of comparable providers, whether public or private.
  • high-poverty school  - a school that is in the highest 2 quartiles of schools served by a local educational agency, based on the percentage of enrolled students from low-income families.
  • high-resolution information systems  - equipment and techniques required to create, store, recover, and play back high-resolution images and accompanying sound.
  • high-risk activity  - an activity that may be adversely affected by a moderate to severe seismic event (as

  417 determined by the Director); includes high-speed rail transportation. §7704. )

  • high-risk personnel  - Personnel who, by their grade, assignment, symbolic value, or relative isolation, are likely to be attractive or accessible terrorist targets. Also called HRP. See also antiterrorism.
  • high-risk urban area  - a high-risk urban area.
  • high-speed rail  - all forms of nonhighway ground transportation that run on rails or electromagnetic guideways providing transportation service which is (A) reasonably expected to reach sustained speeds of more than 125 miles per hour; and (B) made available to members of the general public as passengers, but does not include rapid transit operations within an urban area that are not connected to the general rail system of transportation.
  • high-three average salary  - such persons highest average basic pay over any consecutive 3-year period. Basic pay is the basic salary for which retirement deductions are withheld and does not include payments for overtime, bonuses, etc.
  • high-use harbor project  - a project that is assigned to a harbor or inland harbor that transits not less than 10,000,000 tons of cargo annually.
  • high-value item  - A high value item must be worth at least $1000 and be declared to the claims office before shipping or storage takes place. The item must be unusually valuable for its category. (For example, a $1,000 sofa does not qualify. A rare porcelain plate would qualify. )
  • high-value target  - A target the enemy commander requires for the successful completion of the mission. Also called HVT. See also high-payoff target; target.
  • highway basemap  - a representation of all public roads that can be used to geolocate attribute data on a roadway.
  • highway safety improvement program  - projects, activities, plans, and reports carried out.
  • highway-rail grade crossing  - any street or highway crossing over a line of railroad at grade.
  • hire personnel  - engage the services of (a person) for wages or other payment.
  • hiring Manager  - person responsible for managing the hiring process and chairing the Hiring Panel, and the final approval authority on the hiring decision.
  • hiring Panel  - team of interviewers consisting of three federal employees at or above the full performance grade level of the position under consideration.
  • hiring rate  - ratio of employees that are hired during a period of time.
  • hispanic  - individuals whose origin is Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or any other Spanish-speaking country.
  • historic barn  - a barn that- (A) is at least 50 years old; (B) retains sufficient integrity of design, materials, and construction to clearly identify the barn as an agricultural building; and (C) meets the criteria for listing on National, State, or local registers or inventories of historic structures.

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historical uses- (A) refurbishing, repairing, rebuilding, or replacing equipment on a fishing vessel, without materially increasing harvesting capacity;(B) purchasing a used fishing vessel; (C) purchasing, constructing, expanding, or reconditioning a fishery facility; (D) refinancing existing debt; (E) reducing fishing capacity; and (F) making upgrades to a fishing vessel, including upgrades in technology, gear, or equipment, that improve- (i) collection and reporting of fishery-dependent data; (ii) bycatch reduction or avoidance; (iii) gear selectivity; (iv) adverse impacts caused by fishing gear; or (v) safety.

  • historically underutilized business zone  - any area located within 1 or more-- (A) qualified census tracts; (B) qualified nonmetropolitan counties; (C) lands within the external boundaries of an Indian reservation; (D) redesignated areas; (E) base closure areas; or (F) qualified disaster areas.

Hizballah- (i) the entity known as Hizballah and designated by the Secretary of State as a foreign terrorist organization pursuant to the Immigration and Nationality Act; or (ii) any person—
(I) the property or interests in property of which are blocked pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act); and
(II) who is identified on the list of specially designated nationals and blocked persons maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the Department of the Treasury as an agent, instrumentality, or affiliate of Hizballah.

  • hoax improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident involving a device fabricated to look like an improvised explosive device, and is intended to purposely simulate one in order to elicit a response.
  • hog class  - as applicable- (A) barrows or gilts; (B) sows; or (C) boars or stags.
  • holder  - a person that has possession in fact or by operation of law of a receipt or any electronic document.
  • holder  - any State or local governmental entity, individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other business entity receiving or using a right-of-way.
  • holder-in-due-course  - An individual who, in good faith, takes possession of a check through endorsement. A claim to payment by a holder-in-due-course will be honored, even if the original payee is not due or entitled to the check.
  • holiday  - any day designated as a holiday under a Federal statute or Executive order.

home- and community-based health services- (1) skilled health services furnished to the individual in the individual's home pursuant to a written plan of care established by a case management team, that shall include appropriate health care professionals, for the provision of such services and items described in paragraph (2); (2) includes-(A) durable medical equipment;(B) home health aide services and personal care services furnished in the home of the individual;(C) day treatment or other partial hospitalization services;(D) home intravenous and aerosolized drug therapy (including prescription drugs administered as part of such therapy);(E) routine diagnostic testing administered in the home of the individual; and (F) appropriate mental health, developmental, and rehabilitation services; and (3) does not include-(A) inpatient hospital services; and (B) nursing home and other long term care facilities.

  • home page  - The first page of a website that commonly acts as a menu to other pages. A web portal is an example of a home page.
  • home station  - The permanent location of active duty units and Reserve Component units. See also

  419 active duty; Reserve Component. JP 4‐05 )

  • home study preparer  - any party licensed or otherwise authorized under the law of the state of the orphans proposed residence to conduct the research and preparation for a home study, including the required personal interview(s). This term includes a public agency with authority under that states law in adoption matters, public or private adoption agencies licensed or otherwise authorized to conduct the research and preparation for a home study, including the required personal interview(s), under the laws of the state of the orphans proposed residence. b. In the case of an orphan whose adoption has been finalized abroad and whose adoptive parents reside abroad, the home study preparer includes any party licensed or otherwise authorized to conduct home studies under the law of any state of the United States, or any party licensed or otherwise authorized by the foreign country’s adoption authorities to conduct home studies under the laws of the foreign country. c. See 9 FAM 502.3-3(C)(2) for additional information on establishing adoptive parents suitability in orphan visa cases.
  • homegrown violent extremist  - person of any citizenship who has lived and/ or operated primarily in the United States or its territories who advocates, is engaged in, or is preparing to engage in ideologically-motivated terrorist activities (including providing support to terrorism) in furtherance of political or social objectives promoted by a foreign terrorist organization, but is acting independently of direction by a foreign terrorist organization.
  • homeland  - The physical region that includes the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, United States territories, and surrounding territorial waters and airspace.
  • homeland United States  - physical region that includes the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, United States territories and possessions, and surrounding territorial waters and airspace .
  • homeland defense  - protection of United States sovereignty, territory, domestic population, and critical defense infrastructure against external threats and aggression or other threats as directed by the President of the United States the Department of Defense is the lead Federal agency for homeland defense, including maritime interception, air patrols over U.S. airspace, land-based defense of critical infrastructure and key assets, and use of military forces to protect from attack when directed by the President or Secretary of Defense.
  • homeland defense  - The protection of United States sovereignty, territory, domestic population, and critical infrastructure against external threats and aggression or other threats as directed by the President. Also called HD.
  • homeland defense activity  - an activity undertaken for the military protection of the territory or domestic population of the United States, or of infrastructure or other assets of the United States determined by the Secretary of Defense as being critical to national security, from a threat or aggression against the United States.
  • Homeland Secure Data Network  - secret-level information network intended to provide information sharing capability to fusion centers and other partners.
  • homeland security  – (A) to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States;
(B) to reduce the vulnerability of the United States to terrorism;
(C) to minimize damage from a terrorist attack in the United States; and (D) to recover from a terrorist attack in the United States.
  • homeland security  - A concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States; reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism, major disasters, and other emergencies; and minimize the damage and recover from attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies that occur. Also called HS.

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  • homeland security  - concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism, and minimize the damage and recover from attacks that do occur includes actions to prepare for, protect against, prevent, respond to, and recover from all threats or acts of terrorism.
  • Homeland Security Council  - Entity that advises the President on national strategic and policy during large-scale incidents. Together with the National Security Council, ensures coordination for all homeland and national security-related activities among executive departments and agencies and promotes effective development and implementation of related policy. Also called HSC.
  • homeland security enterprise  - collective efforts and shared responsibilities to maintain critical homeland security capabilities includes: federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial governments; non-governmental, private-sector, and international partners; and individuals, families, and communities.
  • homeland security enterprise architecture  - Department-wide strategic management framework that provides an approach and information to support effective decision making for strategic planning, budgeting, and execution aligns programs and projects to improve business performance and help DHS Components better execute their core missions and interact with federal, state, local and tribal partners for improved information sharing.
  • Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program  - A capabilities and performance-based exercise program that provides a standardized methodology and terminology for exercise design, development, conduct, evaluation, and improvement planning. Also called HSEEP.
  • homeland security grant  - any grant made or administered by the Department, including- (A) the State Homeland Security Grant Program;
(B) the Urban Area Security Initiative Grant Program; (C) the Law Enforcement Terrorism Prevention Program; (D) the Citizen Corps; and
(E) the Metropolitan Medical Response System.
  • homeland security grant program  - Part of three interconnected grant programs (along with State Homeland Security Program (SHSP) and Urban Areas Security Initiative (UASI)) that fund a range of preparedness activities including planning, organization, equipment purchase, training, exercises, and management and administration.
  • homeland security information  - any information possessed by a Federal, State, or local agency that-

  • homeland security information  - homeland security information is defined as information derived from or possessed by a State, local, tribal, or Federal agency that: (1) Relates to a threat of terrorist activity; (2) Relates to the ability to prevent, interdict, or disrupt terrorist activity; (3) Would improve the identification or investigation of a suspected terrorist or terrorist organization; (4) Would improve the response to a terrorist act; or (5) Law enforcement information - is defined in the ISE Awareness Training and means any information obtained by or of interest to a law enforcement agency or official that is both: (a) Related to terrorism or the security of our homeland; and (b) Relevant to a law enforcement mission, including but not limited to: Information pertaining to an actual or potential criminal, civil, or administrative investigation or a foreign intelligence, counterintelligence, or counter terrorism investigation; An assessment of or response to criminal threats and vulnerabilities; The existence, organizations, capabilities, plans, intentions, vulnerabilities, means, methods, or activities of individuals or groups involved or suspected of involvement in criminal or unlawful conduct or assisting or associated with criminal or unlawful conduct; The existence, identification, detection, prevention, interdiction, or disruption of, or

  421 response to criminal acts and violations of the law; Identification, apprehension, prosecution, release, detention, adjudication, supervision, or rehabilitation of accused persons or criminal offenders; or Victim/ witness assistance.

  • homeland security information  - information possessed by a federal, state, or local agency that (1 ) relates to the threat of terrorist activity; (2) relates to the ability to prevent, interdict, or disrupt terrorist activity; (3) would improve the identification or investigation of a suspected terrorist or terrorist organization; or (4) would improve the response to a terrorist act.
  • Homeland Security Information Network  - DHS-managed national secure and trusted web-based portal for information sharing and collaboration among federal, state, local, tribal, territorial, private sector, and international partners engaged in the homeland security mission.
  • Homeland Security Information Network  - The primary reporting method (common national network ) for the Department of Homeland Security to reach departments, agencies, and operations centers at the Federal, State, local, and private-sector levels. HSIN is a collection of systems and communities of interest designed to facilitate information sharing, collaboration, and warnings. Also called HSIN.
  • Homeland Security Information Network Intelligence Community of Interest  - subset of Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN) for state and local intelligence for sharing unclassified information, connecting homeland security mission partners.
  • homeland security intelligence  - information, regardless of source or origin, which enables identification, understanding, mitigation, or response to threats approaching or within the homeland.
  • Homeland Security Intelligence Council  - DHS advisory body that assists the Chief Intelligence Officer
  • homeland security intelligence priorities framework  - underlying structure within the Department for the establishment of homeland security intelligence priorities.
  • homeland security missions  - the following missions of the Coast Guard: (A) Ports, waterways and coastal security.
(B) Drug interdiction.
(C) Migrant interdiction. (D) Defense readiness.
(E) Other law enforcement.
  • Homeland Security Standing Information Needs  - enduring all-threats and all-hazards information needs of DHS and its federal, state, local, tribal, territorial, and private sector stakeholders and other homeland security partners.
  • homeland security-relevant information  - information possessed by a federal, state, tribal, territorial, or local agency, or the private sector, that relates to any authorized departmental mission, including the authorized missions of the Components may also be, but is not limited to, one or more of the following types of information: homeland security information, terrorism information, or weapons of mass destruction information.
  • homeless  - Generally, a homeless visa applicant is one who is a national of a country in which the United States has no consular representation or in which the political or security situation is tenuous or uncertain enough that the limited consular staff is not authorized to process IV applications..
  • homeless veteran  - a veteran who is homeless (as that term is defined the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act.

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  • homemade chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear improvised explosive device enhancement  - combination of commercially available ingredients combined to create a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) substance that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED).
  • homemade explosive  - non-standard explosive mixtures / compounds which have been formulated / synthesized from available ingredients most often utilized in the absence of commercial / military explosives.
  • homeward bound mail service  - A private mail service provided by employee associations located at Foreign Service posts to authorized U.S. citizen employees or contractors at no cost to the U.S. Government. Also called HBMS.
  • homing  - The technique whereby a mobile station directs itself, or is directed, towards a source of primary or reflected energy, or to a specified point.
  • homing adaptor  - A device, when used with an aircraft radio receiver, that produces aural and/ or visual signals indicating the direction of a transmitting radio station with respect to the heading of the aircraft.
  • honey pot  - A trap set to detect, deflect, or in some manner counteract attempts at unauthorized use of information systems. Generally it consists of a computer, data, or a network site that appears to be part of a network, but is actually isolated, (un)protected, and monitored, and which seems to contain information or a resource of value to attackers.
  • honorable discharge  - An honorable discharge means any separation from active duty in the armed forces under honorable conditions.
  • honorably retired  - a result of reduction-in-force, separation due to age, voluntary retirement, or resignation for personal reasons can be considered honorably retired. Separation not within the meaning of honorably retired would involve forced or requested removal for cause or a resignation aimed at forestalling such removal.
  • horizon scanning  - process of identifying future trends, drivers, and/ or conditions that may have an effect on future events, incidents, or occurrences.
  • horizontal stowage  - The lateral distribution of unit equipment or categories of supplies so that they can be unloaded simultaneously from two or more holds.
  • hospital  - a legally constituted and lawfully operated hospital which accepts registered in-patients.
  • hospital  - a public or nonprofit institution which is-(A) a general hospital, tuberculosis hospital, or any other type of hospital, other than a hospital furnishing primarily domiciliary care; and(B) duly authorized to provide hospital services under the laws of the. State in which it is situated.
  • hospital  - a State or local public hospital, a private profit hospital, a private nonprofit hospital, a general or special hospital, and any other type of hospital (excluding a hospital owned or operated by an agency of the Federal Government), and any related facilities.
  • hospital  - any Federal, State, local, or other public or private hospital, unless otherwise specified.
  • hospital  - any public health center or general, tuberculosis, mental, chronic disease, or other type of hospital and related facilities, such as laboratories, outpatient departments, nurses' home and training

  423 facilities, and central service facilities normally operated in connection with hospitals, but does not include any hospital furnishing primarily domiciliary care. FEMA, US Code 42, §3337 )

  • hospital  - general, tuberculosis, and other types of hospitals, and related facilities, such as laboratories, outpatient departments, nurses' home facilities, extended care facilities, facilities related to programs for home health services, self-care units, and central service facilities, operated in connection with hospitals, and also includes education or training facilities for health professions personnel operated as an integral part of a hospital, but does not include any hospital furnishing primarily domiciliary care.

hospital care- (A)(i) medical services rendered in the course of the hospitalization of any veteran, and

  • hospital facilities  - buildings housing a hospital and related facilities, including laboratories, outpatient departments, nurses' home and training facilities and central service facilities operated in connection with a hospital, and also includes buildings housing education or training facilities for health professions personnel operated as an integral part of a hospital.
  • host bureau  - The regional bureau that has authority over the location where the DETO is located.
  • host government  - A foreign government conducting business on behalf of members of a diplomatic mission in Washington.
  • host nation  - A nation which receives the forces and/ or supplies of allied nations and/ or NATO organizations to be located on, to operate in, or to transit through its territory. Also called HN.
  • hostage rescue  - A personnel recovery method used to recover isolated personnel who are specifically designated as hostages. Also called HR.
  • hostage-Taking  - The unlawful abduction or holding of a person or persons against their will for financial or political gain.
  • hostage-taking  - the unlawful abduction or holding of a person or persons against their will in order to compel a third person or governmental organization to do or abstain from doing any act as a condition for the release of the person detained.
  • hostile act  - An attack or other use of force against the United States, United States forces, or other designated persons or property to preclude or impede the mission and/ or duties of United States forces, including the recovery of United States personnel or vital United States Government property.
  • hostile casualty  - a person who, as a member of the Armed Forces, dies as the direct result of hostile action with the enemy, while in combat, while going to or returning from a combat mission if the cause of death was directly related to hostile action, or while hospitalized or undergoing treatment at the expense of the United States for injury incurred during combat, and includes a person killed mistakenly or accidentally by friendly fire directed at a hostile force or what is thought to be a

  424   hostile force, but does not include a person who dies due to the elements, a self-inflicted wound, combat fatigue, or a friendly force while the person was in an absent-without-leave, deserter, or dropped-from-rolls status or was voluntarily absent from a place of duty.

  • hostile force or person  - any nation, any subject of a foreign nation, or any other person serving a foreign nation (1) engaged in a war against the United States or any of its allies, (2) engaged in armed conflict, whether or not war has been declared, against the United States or any of its allies, or (3) engaged in a war or armed conflict between military forces of any origin in any country in which a person covered by this chapter is serving.
  • hostile intent  - The threat of imminent use of force against the United States, United States forces, or other designated persons or property.
  • host-nation support  - Civil and/ or military assistance rendered by a nation to foreign forces within its territory during peacetime, crises or emergencies, or war based on agreements mutually concluded between nations. Also called HNS. See also host nation.
  • hotspot  - A site that offers Internet access over a wireless local area network; no other services or data are provided.
  • hotspot  - A site that offers Internet access over a wireless local area network; no other services or data are provided.
  • household effects  - Property, unless specifically excluded, associated with the home and all personal effects belonging to an employee and immediate family members that legally may be accepted and transported by a commercial carrier. Also called HHE.
  • household staff  - the person employed by a principal representative to perform household duties at an official residence. ORE household staff are not employees of the U.S. Government.
  • household textile articles  - articles of wearing apparel, costumes and accessories, draperies, floor coverings, furnishings, beddings, and other textile goods of a type customarily used in a household regardless of where used in fact.
  • household waste  - material discarded by residential dwellings, hotels, motels, and other similar permanent or temporary housing establishments or facilities.
  • housing  - HUD's database maintains geographic data on homeownership rates, including many attributes such as HUD revitalization zones, location of various forms of housing assistance, first-time homebuyers, underserved areas, and race. Data standards have not yet been formalized.
  • housing development agency  - any agency of a State or local government, or any private nonprofit organization, that is engaged in providing housing for homeless individuals or low-income families.
  • hovering vessel  - any vessel which is found or kept off the coast of the United States within or without the customs waters, if, from the history, conduct, character, or location of the vessel, it is reasonable to believe that such vessel is being used or may be used to introduce or promote or facilitate the introduction or attempted introduction of merchandise into the United States in violation of the laws respecting the revenue.
  • hub  - An organization that sorts and distributes inbound cargo from wholesale supply sources (airlifted, sealifted, and ground transportable) and/ or from within the theater. See also hub and spoke distribution; spoke.

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  • hub and spoke distribution  - A physical distribution system, in which a major port serves as a central point from which cargo is moved to and from several radiating points to increase transportation efficiencies and in-transit visibility. See also distribution; distribution system; hub; in-transit visibility; spoke.
  • HUBZone  - historically underutilized business zone.
  • human capital management system  - a system (A) by which a local educational agency makes and implements human capital decisions, such as decisions on preparation, recruitment, hiring, placement, retention, dismissal, compensation, professional development, tenure, and promotion; and (B) that includes a performance-based compensation system.
  • human capital measurement area  - An area of the PRM that captures the human capital aspects of performance.
  • human consequence  - effect of an incident, event, or occurrence that results in injury, illness, or loss of life.
  • human environment  - the physical, social, and economic components, conditions, and factors which interactively determine the state, condition, and quality of living conditions, employment, and health of those affected, directly or indirectly, by activities occurring on the outer Continental Shelf.
  • human factors  - The physical, cultural, psychological, and behavioral attributes of an individual or group that influence perceptions, understanding, and interactions.
  • human factors engineering  - applied science that coordinates the design of devices, systems, and physical working conditions with the capacities and requirements of the worker
  • human immunodeficiency virus  - the etiologic agent for AIDS.
  • human immunodeficiency virus  - the pathogen that causes AIDS. Also called HIV.
  • human intelligence  - A category of intelligence derived from information collected and provided by human sources. Also called HUMINT.
  • human organ  - the human (including fetal) kidney, liver, heart, lung, pancreas, bone marrow, cornea, eye, bone, and skin or any subpart thereof and any other human organ (or any subpart thereof, including that derived from a fetus) specified by the Secretary of Health and Human Services by regulation.
  • human performance  - demonstrated capability of the human to operate, control, maintain, support, manage, and use the components of the systems under all expected environmental, operational and tactical conditions.
  • Human Resource Advisor  - An inherently governmental agency official who is a human resource expert and is responsible for performing human resource-related actions to assist the ATO in developing the agency tender. Also called HRA.
  • human systems integration  - systems engineering discipline that considers the human a critical component of the system and strives to ensure the integration of humans in systems.

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  • human tip  - Information provided in an advance and/ or confidential manner regarding an IED, IED related materials, or associated personnel information can be received from, but not limited to, the local populace or government, intelligence agency, or an inside source.
  • humanitarian and civic assistance  - any of the following:(1) Medical, surgical, dental, and veterinary care provided in areas of a country that are rural or are underserved by medical, surgical, dental, and veterinary professionals, respectively, including education, training, and technical assistance related to the care provided. (2) Construction of rudimentary surface transportation systems.(3) Well drilling and construction of basic sanitation facilities.(4) Rudimentary construction and repair of public facilities.
  • humanitarian and civic assistance  - Assistance to the local populace and funded under separate authorities, provided by predominantly United States forces in conjunction with military operations. Also called HCA. See also foreign humanitarian assistance.
  • humanitarian and civic assistance  - Assistance to the local populace provided by predominantly U.S. forces in conjunction with military operations and exercises. This assistance is specifically authorized by Title 10, United States Code, Section 401, and funded under separate authorities. Also called HCA. (DOD )
  • humanitarian assistance  - assistance to meet humanitarian needs, including needs for food, medicine, medical supplies and equipment, education, and clothing.
  • humanitarian assistance  - assistance rendered to a country or population in an emergency or crisis context. This could include natural or manmade disaster response or complex humanitarian emergency. (USAID) (DoD): Programs conducted to relieve or reduce the results of natural or manmade disasters or other endemic conditions such as human pain, disease, hunger, or privation that might present a serious threat to life or that can result in great damage to or loss of property. Humanitarian assistance provided by U.S. forces is limited in scope and duration. The assistance provided is designed to supplement or complement the efforts of the host nation civil authorities or organizations that may have the primary responsibility for providing humanitarian assistance.
  • humanitarian assistance  - assistance to meet humanitarian needs, including needs for food, medicine, medical supplies and equipment, education, and clothing.
  • humanitarian assistance  - assistance to meet humanitarian needs, including needs for food, medicine, medical supplies, clothing, and shelter.
  • humanitarian assistance  - funds authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Defense for a fiscal year for humanitarian assistance shall be used for the purpose of providing transportation of humanitarian relief and for other humanitarian purposes worldwide.
  • humanitarian assistance coordination center  - A temporary center established by a geographic combatant commander to assist with interagency coordination and planning during the early planning and coordination stages of foreign humanitarian assistance operations. Also called HACC. See also foreign humanitarian assistance; interagency coordination.
  • humanitarian demining assistance  - detection and clearance of landmines and other explosive remnants of war, and includes activities related to the furnishing of education, training, and technical assistance with respect to explosive.

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  • humanitarian demining assistance  - The activities related to the furnishing of education, training, and technical assistance with respect to the detection and clearance of land mines and other explosive remnants of war.
  • humanitarian mine action  - Activities that strive to reduce the social, economic, and environmental impact of land mines, unexploded ordnance and small arms ammunition - also characterized as explosive remnants of war.
  • humanitarian mine action  — Activities that strive to reduce the social, economic, and environmental impact of land mines, unexploded ordnance, and small arms ammunition. Also called HMA.
  • humanitarian operations center  - An international and interagency body that coordinates the overall relief strategy and unity of effort among all participants in a large foreign humanitarian assistance operation. Also called HOC. See also operation.
  • humanitarian or peacekeeping operation  - a military operation in support of the provision of humanitarian or foreign disaster assistance or in support of a peacekeeping operation under chapter VI or VII of the Charter of the United Nations. The term does not include routine training, force rotation, or stationing.
  • humanitarian or peacekeeping operation  - a military operation in support of the provision of humanitarian or foreign disaster assistance or in support of a peacekeeping operation under chapter VI or VII of the Charter of the United Nations. The term does not include routine training, force rotation, or stationing.
  • humanitarian or peacekeeping operation  - a military operation in support of the provision of humanitarian or foreign disaster assistance or in support of a peacekeeping operation under Chapter VI or VII of the Charter of the United Nations. The term does not include routine training, force rotation, or stationing.
  • humanities  - includes, but is not limited to, study and interpretation of: language, both modern and classical; linguistics; literature; history; jurisprudence; philosophy; archeology; comparative religion; ethics; the history, criticism, and theory of the arts; hose aspects of the social sciences which have humanistic content and employ humanistic methods; and the study and application of the humanities to the human environment with particular attention to reflecting our diverse heritage, traditions, and history and to the relevance of the humanities to the current conditions of national life.
  • hung ordnance  - Those weapons or stores on an aircraft that the pilot has attempted to drop or fire but could not because of a malfunction of the weapon, rack or launcher, or aircraft release and control system.
  • hunger strike  - deviation from normal eating and drinking patterns, in order to gain attention to a perceived need, opinion, or policy or to achieve a specific goal, such as improved prison conditions or release.
  • Hurricane Liaison Team  - A small team designed to enhance hurricane disaster response by facilitating information exchange between the National Hurricane Center in Miami and other National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration components, as well as Federal, State, tribal, and local government officials. Also called HLT.
  • hybrid  - a motor vehicle that draws propulsion energy from onboard sources of stored energy that are both- (A) an internal combustion or heat engine using combustible fuel; and (B) a rechargeable energy storage system.

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  • hybrid control  - a security or privacy control that is implemented for an information system in part as a common control and in part as a system-specific control.
  • hybrid solar photovoltaic energy system  - a system of components that generates electricity from incident sunlight by means of the photovoltaic effect and, in conjunction with electronic and, if appropriate, optical, thermal and storage devices, provides electricity, as well as heat and/ or light for individual, commercial, industrial, agricultural, or governmental use.
  • hybrid vehicle  - a vehicle propelled by a combination of an electric motor and an internal combustion engine or other power source and components thereof.
  • hydro-chlorofluorocarbons  - compound containing hydrogen, fluorine, chlorine, and carbon atoms.
  • hydro-fluorocarbons  - compound containing hydrogen, fluorine, and carbon atoms.
  • hydrofluorocarbons  - compounds that contain only hydrogen, fluorine, and carbon.
  • hydrographic reconnaissance  - Reconnaissance of an area of water to determine depths, beach gradients, the nature of the bottom, and the location of coral reefs, rocks, shoals, and man-made obstacles.
  • hydrography  - surface water features such as lakes, ponds, streams and rivers, canals, oceans, and coastlines. Each hydrography feature is assigned a permanent feature identification code (Environmental Protection Agency Reach Code) and may also be identified by a feature name. Spatial positions of features are encoded as centerlines and polygons. Also encoded is network connectivity and direction of flow.
  • hydrostatic switch  - switch designed to complete a circuit or force a mechanical action with the change of fluid pressure.
  • hydrothermal  - naturally occurring subsurface reservoirs of hot water or steam.
  • hygiene services  - The provision of personal hygiene facilities and waste collection; and the cleaning, repair, replacement, and return of individual clothing and equipment items in a deployed environment.
  • hyperspectral imagery  - Term used to describe the imagery derived from subdividing the electromagnetic spectrum into very narrow bandwidths allowing images useful in precise terrain or target analysis to be formed. Also called HSI.
  • HyperText Mark-up Language  - The language used to describe web pages. Browsers interpret HTML documents and display the text and graphics represented in the code. Also called HTML.
  • hypoxia  - a condition where low dissolved oxygen in aquatic systems causes stress or death to resident organisms.
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