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Dictionary-of-government-I

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  • identical  - When each respondent or group of respondents is being asked to provide the same level of

  429 information on the same subject. Identical questions do not need to be phrased exactly the same way each time they are asked, nor does each respondent need to be asked the same set of questions. USAID, FAM, 2 FAM 1163.2 )

  • identifiable patient safety work product  - patient safety work product that- (A) is presented in a form and manner that allows the identification of any provider that is a subject of the work product, or any providers that participate in activities that are a subject of the work product; (B) constitutes individually identifiable health information as that term is defined in the HIPAA confidentiality regulations; or (C) is presented in a form and manner that allows the identification of an individual who reported information in the manner specified.
  • identification  - 1. The process of determining the friendly or hostile character of an unknown detected contact. 2. In arms control, the process of determining which nation is responsible for the detected violations of any arms control measure. 3. In ground combat operations, discrimination between recognizable objects as being friendly or enemy, or the name that belongs to the object as a member of a class. Also called ID.
  • identification  - Identification is the means by which a user provides a claimed identity to the system.
  • identification  - The process of verifying the identity of a user, process, or device, usually as a prerequisite for granting access to resources in an IT system.
  • identification and authentication  - Organizations must identify information system users, processes acting on behalf of users or devices, and authenticate (or verify) the identities of those users, processes or devices, as a prerequisite to allowing access to organizational information systems. Also called IA.
  • identification maneuver  - A maneuver performed for identification purposes.
  • identification media  - A building or visitor pass.
  • identification, friend or foe  - A device that emits a signal positively identifying it as a friendly. Also called IFF. See also air defense.
  • identifier  - Unique data used to represent a person or devices identity and associated attributes (e.g., username).
  • identifying activity level  - transactions in publicly traded securities at or above a level of volume, fair market value, or exercise value as shall be fixed from time to time by the Commission by rule or regulation, specifying the time interval during which such transactions shall be aggregated.
  • identity intelligence  - The intelligence resulting from the processing of identity attributes concerning individuals, groups, networks, or populations of interest. Also called I2.
  • identity theft  - a fraud committed using the identifying information of another person, subject to such further definition as the Bureau may prescribe, by regulation.
  • identity theft  - A fraud committed using the identifying information of another person.
  • identity theft report  - at a minimum, a report- (A) that alleges an identity theft; (B) that is a copy of an official, valid report filed by a consumer with an appropriate Federal, State, or local law enforcement agency, including the United States Postal Inspection Service, or such other

  430   government agency deemed appropriate by the Bureau; and (C) the filing of which subjects the person filing the report to criminal penalties relating to the filing of false information if, in fact, the information in the report is false.

  • ignitor  - device designed to produce a flame or a spark to initiate an explosive train.
  • illicit drug trafficking  - illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances, and other controlled substances, as such activities are described by any international narcotics control agreement to which the United States is a signatory, or by the domestic law of the country in whose territory or airspace the interdiction is occurring.
  • imagery  - A likeness or presentation of any natural or man-made feature or related object or activity, and the positional data acquired at the same time the likeness or representation was acquired, including: products produced by space-based national intelligence reconnaissance systems; and likeness and presentations produced by satellites, airborne platforms, unmanned aerial vehicles, or other similar means (except that such term does not include handheld or clandestine photography taken by or on behalf of human intelligence collection organizations).
  • imagery exploitation  - The cycle of processing, using, interpreting, mensuration and/ or manipulating imagery, and any assembly or consolidation of the results for dissemination.
  • imagery intelligence  - The technical, geographic, and intelligence information derived through the interpretation or analysis of imagery and collateral materials. Also called IMINT. See also intelligence.
  • iMATRIX  - The Department's IT portfolio management tool that serves as the single authoritative source for information on Department technology investments, programs, projects, and assets. It merged and replaced two legacy repositories, ITAB and eCPIC.
  • immediate  - A precedence designator restricted to telegrams of such urgency as to require immediate attention or action during normal duty hours. Immediate telegrams are not urgent enough to require attention after regular duty hours, holidays or weekends.
  • immediate air support  - Air support to meet specific requests which arise during the course of a battle and which by their nature cannot be planned in advance.
  • immediate decontamination  - Decontamination carried out by individuals immediately upon becoming contaminated to save lives, minimize casualties, and limit the spread of contamination. Also called emergency decontamination. See also contamination; decontamination.
  • immediate family member  - For EVT purposes, this term applies to the spouse or domestic partner and children, including stepchildren, adopted children, and those who are or were under legal guardianship; and parents of the employee or the employees spouse or domestic partner. In the case of death EVT, the term immediate family members also applies to siblings, including stepbrothers, stepsisters, half-brothers and half-sisters of the employee, or the employees spouse or domestic partner.
  • immediate recovery IT service  - restoration of critical information technology systems and services with such rapidity as to have no significant loss of service to the customer.

immediate relative- (1) Spouse of a U.S. citizen (see definition of marriage); (2) Certain spouses (and the accompanying or following-to-join children) of deceased U.S. citizens (see definition of widow); (3) Child of a U.S. citizen (see definition of child); (4) Adopted child of a U.S. citizen (see definition of adopted child); (5) Orphan adopted by (or to be adopted by) a U.S. citizen residing in   431 the United States (see definition of orphan); (6) Parent of an adult U.S. citizen (see definition of parent); and (7) Child under 16 adopted or to be adopted under the terms of the Hague Convention (see definition of Convention adoptee).

  • immediate response  - Any form of immediate action taken in the United States and territories to save lives, prevent human suffering, or mitigate great property damage in response to a request for assistance from a civil authority, under imminently serious conditions when time does not permit approval from a higher authority.
  • immediate response authority  - A Federal military commander’s, Department of Defense component head’s, and/ or responsible Department of Defense civilian official’s authority temporarily to employ resources under their control, subject to any supplemental direction provided by higher headquarters, and provide those resources to save lives, prevent human suffering, or mitigate great property damage in response to a request for assistance from a civil authority, under imminently serious conditions when time does not permit approval from a higher authority within the United States. Immediate response authority does not permit actions that would subject civilians to the use of military power that is regulatory, prescriptive, proscriptive, or compulsory.
  • immediate retirement  - employee who is separated from the service, except by removal for cause on charges of misconduct or delinquency.
  • immigrant  - every alien except an alien who is within one of the following classes of nonimmigrant aliens- (A)(i) an ambassador, public minister, or career diplomatic or consular officer who has been accredited by a foreign government, recognized de jure by the United States and who is accepted by the President or by the Secretary of State, and the members of the alien's immediate family; (ii) upon a basis of reciprocity, other officials and employees who have been accredited by a foreign government recognized de jure by the United States, who are accepted by the Secretary of State, and the members of their immediate families; and (iii) upon a basis of reciprocity, attendants, servants, personal employees, and members of their immediate families, of the officials and employees who have a nonimmigrant status under (i) and (ii) above; (B) an alien (other than one coming for the purpose of study or of performing skilled or unskilled labor or as a representative of foreign press, radio, film, or other foreign information media coming to engage in such vocation) having a residence in a foreign country which he has no intention of abandoning and who is visiting the United States temporarily for business or temporarily for pleasure; (C) an alien in immediate and continuous transit through the United States, or an alien who qualifies as a person entitled to pass in transit to and from the United Nations Headquarters District and foreign countries; (D)(i) an alien crewman serving in good faith as such in a capacity required for normal operation and service on board a vessel, (other than a fishing vessel having its home port or an operating base in the United States), or aircraft, who intends to land temporarily and solely in pursuit of his calling as a crewman and to depart from the United States with the vessel or aircraft on which he arrived or some other vessel or aircraft; (ii) an alien crewman serving in good faith as such in any capacity required for normal operations and service aboard a fishing vessel having its home port or an operating base in the United States who intends to land temporarily in Guam or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and solely in pursuit of his calling as a crewman and to depart from Guam or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands with the vessel on which he arrived; (E) an alien entitled to enter the United States under and in pursuance of the provisions of a treaty of commerce and navigation between the United States and the foreign state of which he is a national, and the spouse and children of any such alien if accompanying or following to join him; (i) solely to carry on substantial trade, including trade in services or trade in technology, principally between the United States and the foreign state of which he is a national; (ii) solely to develop and direct the operations of an enterprise in which he has invested, or of an enterprise in which he is actively in the process of investing, a substantial amount of capital; or (iii) solely to perform services in a specialty occupation in the United States if the alien is a national of the Commonwealth of Australia and with respect to whom the Secretary of Labor determines and certifies to the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of State that the intending employer has filed with the Secretary of Labor

  432   an attestation; (F)(i) an alien having a residence in a foreign country which he has no intention of abandoning, who is a bona fide student qualified to pursue a full course of study and who seeks to enter the United States temporarily and solely for the purpose of pursuing such a university, seminary, conservatory, academic high school, elementary school, or other academic institution or in an accredited language training program in the United States, particularly designated by him and approved by the Attorney General after consultation with the Secretary of Education, which institution or place of study shall have agreed to report to the Attorney General the termination of attendance of each nonimmigrant student, and if any such institution of learning or place of study fails to make reports promptly the approval shall be withdrawn, (ii) the alien spouse and minor children of any alien described in clause (i) if accompanying or following to join such an alien, and (iii) an alien who is a national of Canada or Mexico, who maintains actual residence and place of abode in the country of nationality, who is described in clause (i) except that the alien's qualifications for and actual course of study may be full or part-time, and who commutes to the United States institution or place of study from Canada or Mexico; (G)(i) a designated principal resident representative of a foreign government recognized de jure by the United States, which foreign government is a member of an international organization entitled to enjoy privileges, exemptions, and immunities as an international organization under the International Organizations Immunities Act, accredited resident members of the staff of such representatives, and members of his or their immediate family; (ii) other accredited representatives of such a foreign government to such international organizations, and the members of their immediate families; (iii) an alien able to qualify under (i) or (ii) above except for the fact that the government of which such alien is an accredited representative is not recognized de jure by the United States, or that the government of which he is an accredited representative is not a member of such international organization; and the members of his immediate family; (iv) officers, or employees of such international organizations, and the members of their immediate families; (v) attendants, servants, and personal employees of any such representative, officer, or employee, and the members of the immediate families of such attendants, servants, and personal employees; (H) an alien who is coming temporarily to the United States to perform services (other than services described in subclause (a) during the period in which such subclause applies and other than services in a specialty occupation or as a fashion model, who meets the requirements for the occupation specified or, in the case of a fashion model, is of distinguished merit and ability, and with respect to whom the Secretary of Labor determines and certifies to the Attorney General that the intending employer has filed with the Secretary an application, or (b1) who is entitled to enter the United States under and in pursuance of the provisions of an agreement, who is engaged in a specialty occupation, and with respect to whom the Secretary of Labor determines and certifies to the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of State that the intending employer has filed with the Secretary of Labor an attestation, or (c) who is coming temporarily to the United States to perform services as a registered nurse, who meets the qualifications and with respect to whom the Secretary of Labor determines and certifies to the Attorney General that an unexpired attestation is on file and in effect for the facility for which the alien will perform the services; or (ii)(a) having a residence in a foreign country which he has no intention of abandoning who is coming temporarily to the United States to perform agricultural labor or services, as defined by the Secretary of Labor in regulations and including agricultural labor, agriculture, and the pressing of apples for cider on a farm, of a temporary or seasonal nature, or (b) having a residence in a foreign country which he has no intention of abandoning who is coming temporarily to the United States to perform other temporary service or labor if unemployed persons capable of performing such service or labor cannot be found in this country, but this clause shall not apply to graduates of medical schools coming to the United States to perform services as members of the medical profession; or (iii) having a residence in a foreign country which he has no intention of abandoning who is coming temporarily to the United States as a trainee, other than to receive graduate medical education or training, in a training program that is not designed primarily to provide productive employment; and the alien spouse and minor children of any such alien specified in this paragraph if accompanying him or following to join him; (I) upon a basis of reciprocity, an alien who is a bona fide representative of foreign press, radio, film, or other foreign information media, who seeks to enter the United States solely to engage in such vocation, and the spouse and children of such a representative, if accompanying or following to join him; (J) an alien having a residence in a foreign country which he has no intention of abandoning who is a bona fide   433 student, scholar, trainee, teacher, professor, research assistant, specialist, or leader in a field of specialized knowledge or skill, or other person of similar description, who is coming temporarily to the United States as a participant in a program designated by the Director of the United States Information Agency, for the purpose of teaching, instructing or lecturing, studying, observing, conducting research, consulting, demonstrating special skills, or receiving training and who, if he is coming to the United States to participate in a program under which he will receive graduate medical education or training, also meets the requirements and the alien spouse and minor children of any such alien if accompanying him or following to join him; (i) is the fiancée or fiancé of a citizen of the United States (other than a citizen and who seeks to enter the United States solely to conclude a valid marriage with the petitioner within ninety days after admission; (ii) has concluded a valid marriage with a citizen of the United States (other than a citizen) who is the petitioner, is the beneficiary of a petition to accord a status that was filed by the petitioner, and seeks to enter the United States to await the approval of such petition and the availability to the alien of an immigrant visa; or (iii) is the minor child of an alien described in clause (i) or (ii) and is accompanying, or following to join, the alien; (L) an alien who, within 3 years preceding the time of his application for admission into the United States, has been employed continuously for one year by a firm or corporation or other legal entity or an affiliate or subsidiary thereof and who seeks to enter the United States temporarily in order to continue to render his services to the same employer or a subsidiary or affiliate thereof in a capacity that is managerial, executive, or involves specialized knowledge, and the alien spouse and minor children of any such alien if accompanying him or following to join him; (M)(i) an alien having a residence in a foreign country which he has no intention of abandoning who seeks to enter the United States temporarily and solely for the purpose of pursuing a full course of study at an established vocational or other recognized nonacademic institution (other than in a language training program) in the United States particularly designated by him and approved by the Attorney General, after consultation with the Secretary of Education, which institution shall have agreed to report to the Attorney General the termination of attendance of each nonimmigrant nonacademic student and if any such institution fails to make reports promptly the approval shall be withdrawn, (ii) the alien spouse and minor children of any alien described in clause (i) if accompanying or following to join such an alien, and (iii) an alien who is a national of Canada or Mexico, who maintains actual residence and place of abode in the country of nationality, who is described in clause (i) except that the alien's course of study may be full or part- time, and who commutes to the United States institution or place of study from Canada or Mexico; (N)(i) the parent of an alien accorded the status of special immigrant, but only if and while the alien is a child, or (ii) a child of such parent or of an alien accorded the status of a special immigrant under clause; (O) an alien who-(i) has extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics which has been demonstrated by sustained national or international acclaim or, with regard to motion picture and television productions a demonstrated record of extraordinary achievement, and whose achievements have been recognized in the field through extensive documentation, and seeks to enter the United States to continue work in the area of extraordinary ability; or (ii)(I) seeks to enter the United States temporarily and solely for the purpose of accompanying and assisting in the artistic or athletic performance by an alien who is admitted under clause (i) for a specific event or events, (II) is an integral part of such actual performance, (III)(a) has critical skills and experience with such alien which are not of a general nature and which cannot be performed by other individuals, or (b) in the case of a motion picture or television production, has skills and experience with such alien which are not of a general nature and which are critical either based on a pre-existing longstanding working relationship or, with respect to the specific production, because significant production (including pre- and post-production work) will take place both inside and outside the United States and the continuing participation of the alien is essential to the successful completion of the production, and (IV) has a foreign residence which the alien has no intention of abandoning; or (iii) is the alien spouse or child of an alien described in clause (i) or (ii) and is accompanying, or following to join, the alien; (P) an alien having a foreign residence which the alien has no intention of abandoning who- (i)(a) relating to athletes, or (b) relating to entertainment groups; (ii)(I) performs as an artist or entertainer, individually or as part of a group, or is an integral part of the performance of such a group, and (II) seeks to enter the United States temporarily and solely for the purpose of performing as such an artist or entertainer or with such a group under a reciprocal exchange program which is between an organization or organizations in the   434   United States and an organization or organizations in one or more foreign states and which provides for the temporary exchange of artists and entertainers, or groups of artists and entertainers; (iii)(I) performs as an artist or entertainer, individually or as part of a group, or is an integral part of the performance of such a group, and (II) seeks to enter the United States temporarily and solely to perform, teach, or coach as such an artist or entertainer or with such a group under a commercial or noncommercial program that is culturally unique; or (iv) is the spouse or child of an alien described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) and is accompanying, or following to join, the alien; (Q) an alien having a residence in a foreign country which he has no intention of abandoning who is coming temporarily (for a period not to exceed 15 months) to the United States as a participant in an international cultural exchange program approved by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the purpose of providing practical training, employment, and the sharing of the history, culture, and traditions of the country of the alien's nationality and who will be employed under the same wages and working conditions as domestic workers; (R) an alien, and the spouse and children of the alien if accompanying or following to join the alien, who- (i) for the 2 years immediately preceding the time of application for admission, has been a member of a religious denomination having a bona fide nonprofit, religious organization in the United States; and (ii) seeks to enter the United States for a period not to exceed 5 years to perform the work described; (S) an alien- (i) who the Attorney General determines- (I) is in possession of critical reliable information concerning a criminal organization or enterprise; (II) is willing to supply or has supplied such information to Federal or State law enforcement authorities or a Federal or State court; and (III) whose presence in the United States the Attorney General determines is essential to the success of an authorized criminal investigation or the successful prosecution of an individual involved in the criminal organization or enterprise; or (ii) who the Secretary of State and the Attorney General jointly determine-(I) is in possession of critical reliable information concerning a terrorist organization, enterprise, or operation;(II) is willing to supply or has supplied such information to Federal law enforcement authorities or a Federal court;(III) will be or has been placed in danger as a result of providing such information; and (IV) is eligible to receive a reward , and, if the Attorney General (or with respect to clause (ii), the Secretary of State and the Attorney General jointly) considers it to be appropriate, the spouse, married and unmarried sons and daughters, and parents of an alien described in clause (i) or (ii) if accompanying, or following to join, the alien; (T)(i) an alien who the Secretary of Homeland Security, or in the case of subclause (III)(aa) the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Attorney General, determines- (I) is or has been a victim of a severe form of trafficking in persons, (II) is physically present in the United States, American Samoa, or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or at a port of entry thereto, on account of such trafficking, including physical presence on account of the alien having been allowed entry into the United States for participation in investigative or judicial processes associated with an act or a perpetrator of trafficking; (III)(aa) has complied with any reasonable request for assistance in the Federal, State, or local investigation or prosecution of acts of trafficking or the investigation of crime where acts of trafficking are at least one central reason for the commission of that crime; (bb) in consultation with the Attorney General, as appropriate, is unable to cooperate with a request described in item (aa) due to physical or psychological trauma; or (cc) has not attained 18 years of age; and suffer extreme hardship involving unusual and severe harm upon removal; and (ii) if accompanying, or following to join, the alien (i) who is under 21 years of age, the spouse, children, unmarried siblings under 18 years of age on the date on which such alien applied for status under such clause, and parents of such alien; (II) in the case of an alien (i) who is 21 years of age or older, the spouse and children of such alien; or (III) any parent or unmarried sibling under 18 years of age, or any adult or minor children of a derivative beneficiary of the alien, as of an alien described in subclause (I) or (II) who the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the law enforcement officer investigating a severe form of trafficking, determines faces a present danger of retaliation as a result of the alien's escape from the severe form of trafficking or cooperation with law enforcement. (U)(i)an alien who files a petition for status under this subparagraph, if the Secretary of Homeland Security determines that- (I) the alien has suffered substantial physical or mental abuse as a result of having been a victim of criminal activity described in clause (iii); (II) the alien (or in the case of an alien child under the age of 16, the parent, guardian, or next friend of the alien) possesses information concerning criminal activity described in clause (iii); (III) the alien (or in the case of an alien child under the age of 16, the parent, guardian, or next friend of the alien) has been helpful, is being   435 helpful, or is likely to be helpful to a Federal, State, or local law enforcement official, to a Federal, State, or local prosecutor, to a Federal or State judge, to the Service, or to other Federal, State, or local authorities investigating or prosecuting criminal activity described in clause (iii); and (IV) the criminal activity described in clause (iii) violated the laws of the United States or occurred in the United States (including in Indian country and military installations) or the territories and possessions of the United States; (ii) if accompanying, or following to join, the alien described in clause (i)-(I) in the case of an alien described in clause (i) who is under 21 years of age, the spouse, children, unmarried siblings under 18 years of age on the date on which such alien applied for status under such clause, and parents of such alien; or (II) in the case of an alien described in clause (i) who is 21 years of age or older, the spouse and children of such alien; and (iii) the criminal activity referred to in this clause is that involving one or more of the following or any similar activity in violation of Federal, State, or local criminal law: rape; torture; trafficking; incest; domestic violence; sexual assault; abusive sexual contact; prostitution; sexual exploitation; stalking; female genital mutilation; being held hostage; peonage; involuntary servitude; slave trade; kidnapping; abduction; unlawful criminal restraint; false imprisonment; blackmail; extortion; manslaughter; murder; felonious assault; witness tampering; obstruction of justice; perjury; fraud in foreign labor contracting; or attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit any of the above mentioned crimes; or (V) an alien who is the beneficiary (including a child of the principal alien, if eligible to receive a visa of a petition to accord a status that was filed with the Attorney General on or before December 21, 2000, if- (i) such petition has been pending for 3 years or more; or (ii) such petition has been approved, 3 years or more have elapsed since such filing date, and- (I) an immigrant visa is not immediately available to the alien because of a waiting list of applicants for visas; or (II) the alien's application for an immigrant visa, or the alien's application for adjustment of status, pursuant to the approval of such petition, remains pending.

  • immigrant visa  - an immigrant visa required by this chapter and properly issued by a consular officer at his office outside of the United States to an eligible immigrant under the provisions of this chapter.
  • immigration benefit application  - any application or petition to confer, certify, change, adjust, or extend any status granted under the Immigration and Nationality Act.
  • immigration judge  - an attorney whom the Attorney General appoints as an administrative judge within the Executive Office for Immigration Review, qualified to conduct specified classes of proceedings, including a hearing. An immigration judge shall be subject to such supervision and shall perform such duties as the Attorney General shall prescribe, but shall not be employed by the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
  • immigration laws  - all laws, conventions, and treaties of the United States relating to the immigration, exclusion, deportation, expulsion, or removal of aliens.
  • immigration officer  - any employee or class of employees of the Service or of the United States designated by the Attorney General, individually or by regulation, to perform the functions of an immigration officer.
  • imminent danger  - the existence of any condition or practice in a coal or other mine which could reasonably be expected to cause death or serious physical harm before such condition or practice can be abated.
  • imminent danger to the health and safety of the public  - the existence of any condition or practice, or any violation of a permit or other requirement of this chapter in a surface coal mining and reclamation operation, which condition, practice, or violation could reasonably be expected to cause substantial physical harm to persons outside the permit area before such condition, practice, or violation can be abated. A reasonable expectation of death or serious injury before abatement exists if a rational person, subjected to the same conditions or practices giving rise to the peril, would not

  436   expose himself or herself to the danger during the time necessary for abatement.

  • imminent hazard  - a situation which exists when the continued use of a pesticide during the time required for cancellation proceeding would be likely to result in unreasonable adverse effects on the environment or will involve unreasonable hazard to the survival of a species declared endangered or threatened by the Secretary pursuant to the Endangered Species Act of 1973.
  • imminent hazard  - the existence of a condition relating to hazardous material that presents a substantial likelihood that death, serious illness, severe personal injury, or a substantial endangerment to health, property, or the environment may occur before the reasonably foreseeable completion date of a formal proceeding begun to lessen the risk of that death, illness, injury, or endangerment.
  • impact  - measure of effect or influence of an action, person, or thing on another may occur as either direct or indirect results of an action.
  • impact evaluation research  - the application of research methods and statistical analysis to measure the extent to which change in a population-based outcome can be attributed to program intervention instead of other environmental factors.
  • impact measures  - as controls become fully implemented and refined impact measures assess the impact of these controls on the Departments strategic missions and goals, often through quantifying the cost savings produced by the security program or through costs incurred from addressing security events.
  • impasse  - When the action office makes no response to an OIG recommendation, rejects it, or does not resolve it after a reasonable effort to achieve agreement, the OIG may take the issue to impasse. The impasse official for the Department is the Under Secretary for Management for the Department. The impasse official for the BBG is the Director for the International Broadcasting Bureau. The impasse official for the USIBWC is the Commissioner. The Inspector General may appeal an impasse decision in the Department and the BBG to the appropriate Deputy Secretary, or to the Secretary.
  • implementation  - act of putting a procedure or course of action into effect to support goals or achieve objectives.
  • implementation  - all activity in the life cycle of a project after preliminary design, independent assessment of the preliminary design, and approval to proceed into implementation, including critical design, development, certification, launch, operations, disposal of assets, and, for technology programs, development, testing, analysis, and communication of the results.
  • implementation  - Procedures governing the mobilization of the force and the deployment, employment, and sustainment of military operations in response to execution orders issued by the Secretary of Defense.
  • implementation disputes  - any dispute between the agency and the exclusive representative.
  • implementation measures  - are used when security controls have been defined in procedures and are in the process of being implemented. The metrics are used to demonstrate progress in implementing policies and procedures for individual security controls.
  • implementing document  - supplemental information that provide guidance, technical or programmatic in nature, which assist in implementing Policy Statements, Directives, and Instructions.
  • implementing partner organization  - an entity eligible to receive assistance under this subpart which is-

  437 indigenous governmental or nongovernmental organization; (E) a microenterprise institution; (F) a microfinance institution; or (G) a practitioner institution.

  • implementing revenue bill or resolution  - an implementing bill, or approval resolution, which contains one or more revenue measures by reason of which it must originate in the House of Representatives.
  • implied task  - In the context of joint operation planning, a task derived during mission analysis that an organization must perform or prepare to perform to accomplish a specified task or the mission, but which is not stated in the higher headquarters order. See also essential task; specified task.
  • import activity summary statement  - data or information transmitted electronically to the Customs Service, in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary prescribes, at the end of a specified period of time which enables the Customs Service to assess properly the duties, taxes and fees on merchandise imported during that period, collect accurate statistics and determine whether any other applicable requirement of law (other than a requirement relating to release from customs custody) is met.
  • import and importation  - to move into, or the act of movement into, the territorial limits of the United States.
  • import cost  - the transaction value of the imported merchandise determined, when not included in the transaction value, all necessary expenses, exclusive of customs duties, of bringing such merchandise to the United States.
  • import sensitive agricultural product  - an agricultural product- (A) with respect to which, as a result of the Uruguay Round Agreements, the rate of duty was the subject of tariff reductions by the United States and, pursuant to such Agreements, was reduced on January 1, 1995, to a rate that was not less than 97.5 percent of the rate of duty that applied to such article on December 31, 1994; or (B) which was subject to a tariff rate quota on June 29, 2015.
  • import substitution subsidy  - a subsidy that is contingent upon the use of domestic goods over imported goods, alone or as 1 of 2 or more conditions.
  • importer  - any person engaged in the business of importing or bringing explosive materials into the United States for purposes of sale or distribution.
  • importer  - any person who imports an agricultural commodity from outside the United States for sale in the United States as a principal or as an agent, broker, or consignee of any person.
  • importer  - one of the parties qualifying as an importer of record.
  • importing authority  - 1 or more entities designated by a Participant into whose territory a shipment of rough diamonds is imported as having the authority to enforce the laws and regulations of the Participant regulating imports, including the verification of the Kimberley Process Certificate accompanying the shipment.
  • imports  - any meat, poultry, other food, animal, or plant that is imported into the United States in commercially significant quantities.
  • impoundment or impounding  - the seizing and taking into custody of a commercial motor vehicle or the immobilizing of a commercial motor vehicle through the attachment of a locking device or other mechanical or electronic means.

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  • imprest fund  - A cash fund of a fixed amount established through an advance of funds, without appropriation change, to an authorized imprest fund cashier to effect immediate cash payments of relatively small amounts for authorized purchases of supplies and nonpersonal services.
  • imprest fund  - A fixed or petty-cash fund in the form of currency or coin that has been advanced as Funds Held Outside of the Treasury (see also cashier advance).
  • imprest fund  - A fixed-cash or petty cash fund in the form of currency, coin, or U.S. Government check that has been authorized by a Department of State official or USDO to an appropriately designated cashier for cash payments or other cash requirement purposes as specified in the designation. The fund is established with an advance to the cashier and may be a revolving type, replenished to the fixed amount as used, or a nonrevolving type, such as a change-making fund. An imprest fund is a method of payment, not an authorization for payment. Designations are processed.
  • imprisonment  - being confined in or otherwise restricted to a jail, prison, half-way house, treatment facility, or another institution, on a full or part-time basis, pursuant to the sentence imposed as the result of a criminal conviction.
  • improper payment  - Any payment that should not have been made or that was made in an incorrect amount (including overpayments and underpayments) under statutory, contractual, administrative, or other legally applicable requirements. Improper payment also includes any payment to an ineligible recipient, payment for an ineligible good or service, a duplicate payment, or payment for a good or service not received (except for such payments where authorized by law).
  • improvements  - Additions or alterations that increase the value or change the use of a building or property or significantly improve its utility. It does not include maintenance, repair, or restoration to the original condition. Improvements create something that did not exist before.
  • improvements  - new construction of facilities and all additions, improvements, modifications, or renovations made to existing facilities or to real property, without regard to whether they were carried out with appropriated or nonappropriated funds.
  • improvised claymore  - improvised weapon, military or homemade, designed to explosively propel a fan shaped pattern of ball bearings or other fragmentation in an aimed direction.
  • improvised explosive device  - A weapon that is fabricated or emplaced in an unconventional manner incorporating destructive, lethal, noxious, pyrotechnic, or incendiary chemicals designed to kill, destroy, incapacitate, harass, deny mobility, or distract. Also called IED.
  • improvised explosive device  - device placed or fabricated in an unconventional manner that incorporates in its design explosives or destructive, lethal, noxious, pyrotechnic, or incendiary chemicals generally consists of an explosive; power supply; switch or timer; and detonator or initiator; may incorporate military stores, but is normally devised from non-military components.
  • improvised explosive device associated components  - components that are: 1) part of an improvised explosive device or improvised weapon system; 2) the tools required to produce the components; or 3) precursors to the manufacture of improvised explosive device components to include explosives.
  • improvised explosive device container  - item or vessel that commonly houses the whole improvised explosive device (IED) or principle components of an improvised explosive device.
  • improvised explosive device enhancement  - optional additional component deliberately added as opposed to a secondary hazard that modifies the effects of the improvised explosive device.

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  • improvised explosive device explosion incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident that results in a partial or complete functioning of an improvised explosive device occurs when gaseous products are rapidly produced from a single substance (high explosives or low explosives with a fuel and oxidant).
  • improvised explosive device incident atmospherics  - description of the demeanor of the civilian population at an IED event to include mood, absence or presence, changes in previously experienced interactions, etc.
  • improvised explosive device incident geometry  - description of how the improvised explosive device
  • improvised explosive device intended outcome  - immediate and direct goal or objective of an enemy’s improvised explosive device (IED) attack objectives include anti-armor, anti-vehicle, anti- infrastructure, anti-personnel, anti-aircraft, tactics - techniques - procedures (TTP) identification, and criminal.
  • improvised explosive device main charge  - bulk explosive component of an improvised explosive device (IED) capable of providing an explosion by its own energy when initiated.
  • improvised explosive device post blast analysis  - process of systemic photographing and collecting forensic material involved in an improvised explosive device (IED) incident.
  • improvised explosive device power source  - source of power – that either stores or releases electrical energy – for the initiation of an improvised explosive device (IED) or improvised weapon.
  • improvised explosive device related incident  - occurrence that involves one or more of the following types of improvised explosive device-related actions/ activities: Improvised Explosive Device, Explosion, Find, Cache, False, Hoax.
  • improvised explosive device sourcing  - process of determining the origination point (such as a production facility or person, a geographic location, or a specific country of origin) for IED components.
  • improvised explosive device tactical characterization  - description of how an improvised explosive device (IED) incident was conducted or planned (tactical design) to be conducted provides context for how a specific device is used/ intended (purpose of device) to be used.
  • improvised explosive device tactical design  - specific design of an improvised explosive device (IED ) attack includes but not limited to: position of the IED, the type of IED, method of actuation, intended target, type of road segment used, concealment technique, use of secondary devices, the time of day, etc.
  • improvised explosive device technical categorization  - description of an improvised explosive device
  • improvised grenade  - improvised weapon, military or homemade, designed to explode when a restraint is removed (usually handheld, but can be projected).
  • improvised mortar  - improvised weapon, military or homemade, designed to launch an explosive charge to the target.
  • improvised nuclear device  - A device incorporating fissile materials designed or constructed outside of an official government agency that has, appears to have, or is claimed to be a nuclear weapon that is

  440   no longer in the control of a competent authority or custodian or has been modified from its designated firing sequence. Also call IND. JP 3‐42 )

  • improvised rocket  - improvised weapon, military or homemade, designed to propel an explosive charge to the target.
  • improvised weapons  - weapons constructed in an improvised manner designed to destroy, incapacitate, harass or distract.

in flight -
 (A) any time from the moment at which all the external doors of an aircraft are closed following embarkation until the moment when any such door is opened for disembarkation; and (B) in the case of a forced landing, until competent authorities take over the responsibility for the aircraft and the persons and property on board.

  • in practice  - to an activity normally performed in such country during the one-year period preceding the arrival of such vessel into the United States or coastal waters thereof.

in service -
(A) any time from the beginning of preflight preparation of an aircraft by ground personnel or by the crew for a specific flight until 24 hours after any landing; and
(B) in any event includes the entire period during which the aircraft is in flight.

  • in support of  - Assisting or protecting another formation, unit, or organization while remaining under original control.
  • in writing, writing, or written  - any worded or numbered expression that can be read, reproduced, and later communicated, and includes electronically transmitted and stored information.
  • in/ on improvised explosive device emplacement  - improvised explosive device (IED) emplaced inside or directly on an item, vehicle, building, etc.
  • inactive cases  - a. A case is considered inactive and the applicant's registration could be terminated under INA if the applicant- (1) Has not made application within one year of receiving the Immigrant Visa Appointment letter. The beneficiary has one year to make a timely application for a visa, beginning on the date you mail the Immigrant Visa Appointment letter to the beneficiary. (2) Does not respond to the appointment notice included with the Immigrant Visa Appointment Package, meaning that the applicant fails to appear for final visa application interview on the scheduled appointment date and fails to take further action on the case within one year of the scheduled interview; (3) Fails to present evidence purporting to overcome the basis for a refusal under INA within one-year following the refusal; or (4) Fails to comply with the Follow-up Instruction Package for Immigrant Visa Applicants within one year.
  • inactive defense waste disposal site  - any site (including any facility) under the control or jurisdiction of the Secretary of Energy which is used for the disposal of defense waste and is closed to the disposal of additional defense waste, including any site that is subject to decontamination and decommissioning.
  • inactive duty training  - Authorized training performed by a member of a Reserve Component not on active duty or active duty for training and consisting of regularly scheduled unit training assemblies, additional training assemblies, periods of appropriate duty or equivalent training, and any special additional duties authorized for Reserve Component personnel by the Secretary concerned, and performed by them in connection with the prescribed activities of the organization in which they are assigned with or without pay. See also active duty for training.
  • inactive status  - Status of reserve members on an inactive status list of a Reserve Component or assigned

  441 to the Inactive Army National Guard.Dictionary, JP 4‐05 )

inactive-duty training- (A) duty prescribed for Reserves by the Secretary concerned or any other provision of law; and(B) special additional duties authorized for Reserves by an authority designated by the Secretary concerned and performed by them on a voluntary basis in connection with the prescribed training or maintenance activities of the units to which they are assigned. Such term includes those duties when performed by Reserves in their status as members of the National Guard.

  • inadmissible alien  - alien that has not been inspected and admitted to the United States who is subject to the grounds of removal specified in the Immigration and Nationality Act.
  • incapable of providing proper care  - that a sole or surviving parent is unable to provide for the child’s basic needs, consistent with the local standards of the foreign sending country. A parent could be unable to provide proper care due to a number of reasons, including extreme poverty, mental or emotional difficulties, or long-term incarceration. See 9 FAM 502.3-3(B)(4) for additional information on the status of orphans natural parents. See also 9 FAM 502.3-4(B)(6) for a discussion of incapable of providing proper care in the context of Convention adoption cases.
  • incapacitating agent  - A chemical agent, which produces temporary disabling conditions that can be physical or mental and persist for hours or days after exposure to the agent has ceased.
  • incapacitation  - A physical, mental, emotional or post-surgical condition whether temporary or permanent, that is severely impairing a parents ability to continue with current living arrangements.
  • incendiary  - chemical mixtures which are capable of causing fire.
  • incentive payments  - direct monetary compensation made by a United States supplier of defense articles or defense services or by any employee, agent or subcontractor thereof to any other United States person to induce or persuade that United States person to purchase or acquire goods or services produced, manufactured, grown, or extracted, in whole or in part, in the foreign country which is purchasing those defense articles or services from the United States supplier.
  • incidence  - The ultimate distributional effect of a tax, expenditure, or regulatory program.
  • incident  - a crash, natural disaster, work zone activity, special event, or other emergency road user occurrence that adversely affects or impedes the normal flow of traffic.
  • incident  - A security-related incident or a visa incident.
  • incident  - An occurrence or event, natural or manmade, that requires a response to protect life or property. Incidents can, for example, include major disasters, emergencies, terrorist attacks, terrorist threats, civil unrest, wildland and urban fires, floods, hazardous materials spills, nuclear accidents, aircraft accidents, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, tropical storms, tsunamis, war-related disasters, public health and medical emergencies, and other occurrences requiring an emergency response.
  • incident  - an occurrence that actually or imminently jeopardizes, without lawful authority, the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of information or an information system; or constitutes a violation or imminent threat of violation of law, security policies, security procedures, or acceptable use policies.

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  • incident  - an occurrence that actually or imminently jeopardizes, without lawful authority, the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of information on an information system, or actually or imminently jeopardizes, without lawful authority, an information system;
  • incident  - An occurrence, caused by either human action or natural phenomena, that requires action to prevent or minimize loss of life, or damage, loss of, or other risks to property, information, and/ or natural resources. See also information operations.
  • incident  - An occurrence, natural or human-caused, that requires a response to protect life or property.
  • incident  - An occurrence, natural or manmade, that requires a response to protect life or property.
  • incident  - An occurrence, other than an accident, associated with the operation of an aircraft which affects or could affect the safety of operation.
  • incident  - any occurrence or series of occurrences having the same origin, involving one or more vessels, facilities, or any combination thereof, resulting in the discharge or substantial threat of discharge of oil.
  • incident  - either an accident or a deliberate act.
  • incident  - natural, technological, or human-caused occurrence that may cause harm and that may require action could expand into an emergency predicated upon occurrence, and/ or a disaster based on the effectiveness of existing public safety resources.
  • Incident Action Plan  - An oral or written plan containing general objectives reflecting the overall strategy for managing an incident. It may include the identification of operational resources and assignments. It may also include attachments that provide direction and important information for management of the incident during one or more operational periods. Also called IAP.
  • incident annexes  - Describe the concept of operations to address specific contingency or hazard situations or an element of an incident requiring specialized application of the National Response Framework.
  • incident awareness and assessment  - The Secretary of Defense approved use of Department of Defense intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and other intelligence capabilities for domestic non- intelligence support for defense support of civil authorities. Also called IAA.
  • Incident Command  - O]rganizational element responsible for overall management of an incident and consisting of the Incident Commander (either single or unified command structure) and any assigned supporting staff.”

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  • Incident Command  - Entity responsible for overall management of the incident. Consists of the Incident Commander, either single or unified command, and any assigned supporting staff.
  • Incident Command  - Organizational element responsible for overall management of an incident and consisting of the Incident Commander (either single or unified command structure) and any assigned supporting staff.
  • Incident Command Post  - The field location where the primary functions are performed. The ICP may be co-located with the incident base or other incident facilities. Also called ICP.
  • Incident Command System  - A standardized on-scene emergency management construct designed to aid in the management of resources during incidents. Also called ICS.
  • Incident Command System  - A standardized on-scene emergency management construct specifically designed to provide for the adoption of an integrated organizational structure that reflects the complexity and demands of single or multiple incidents, without being hindered by jurisdictional boundaries. ICS is a management system designed to enable effective incident management by integrating a combination of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications operating within a common organizational structure, designed to aid in the management of resources during incidents. It is used for all kinds of emergencies and is applicable to small as well as large and complex incidents. ICS is used by various jurisdictions and functional agencies, both public and private, to organize field-level incident management operations. Also called ICS.
  • Incident Command System  - A standardized, on-scene, all-hazard incident management concept. ICS, required by HSPD-5 and delineated in the National Incident Management System (NIMS), is based upon a flexible, scalable response organization providing a common framework within which people can work together effectively. ICS has been summarized as a first-on-scene structure; that is, where the first person on scene is in charge until the incident is resolved or responsibility is transferred to a more-qualified individual. Also called ICS.
  • Incident Commander  - The individual responsible for all incident activities, including the development of strategies and tactics and the ordering and the release of resources. The Incident Commander has overall authority and responsibility for conducting incident operations and is responsible for the management of all incident operations at the incident site.
  • Incident Commander  - The person in charge of all emergency response activities during an emergency. Also called IC.
  • incident driven activity  - specific action to stop, interdict, or otherwise respond to an incident.
  • incident environmental condition  - description of the ambient surrounding conditions to include weather conditions such as temperature, precipitation, fog, dust, etc.
  • incident management  - A national comprehensive approach to preventing, preparing for, responding to, and recovering from terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies.
  • incident management  - management and coordination of prevention, protection, and emergency management activities associated with a specific threat, or an actual occurrence includes, for example, major disasters, emergencies, terrorist attacks, specific threats of terrorist attacks, wildland and urban fires, floods, hazardous materials spills, nuclear accidents, aircraft accidents, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, tropical storms, war-related disasters, public health and medical emergencies, cyber attacks, and any other occurrences.

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  • Incident management  - Refers to how incidents are managed across all homeland security activities, including prevention, protection, and response and recovery.
  • Incident Management Assistance Team  - An interagency national- or regional-based team composed of subject-matter experts and incident management professionals from multiple Federal departments and agencies. Also called IMAT.
  • Incident Management Team  - An incident command organization made up of the Command and General Staff members and appropriate functional units of an Incident Command System organization. The level of training and experience of the IMT members, coupled with the identified formal response requirements and responsibilities of the IMT, are factors in determining the “type,” or level, of IMT. IMTs are generally grouped in five types. Types I and II are national teams, Type III are State or regional, Type IV are discipline- or large jurisdiction-specific, and Type V are ad hoc incident command organizations typically used by smaller jurisdictions. Also called IMT.
  • Incident Management Team  - The Department body that supports and manages all Department level emergency response efforts during a domestic emergency that impacts the Department. Also called IMT
  • incident Objectives  - Statements of guidance and direction needed to select appropriate strategy(s) and the tactical direction of resources. Incident objectives are based on realistic expectations of what can be accomplished when all allocated resources have been effectively deployed. Incident objectives must be achievable and measurable, yet flexible enough to allow strategic and tactical alternatives.
  • incident record IT service  - document that contains the details of an unplanned interruption to a service or reduction in the quality of service.
  • incident response  - Organizations must- (1) Establish an operational incident handling capability for organizational information systems that includes adequate preparation, detection, analysis, containment, recovery, and user response activities; and (2) Track, document, and report incidents to appropriate organizational officials and/ or authorities. Also called IR.
  • incident response plan  - The documentation of a predetermined set of instructions or procedures to detect, respond to, and limit consequences of a malicious cyber attacks against an organizations information system(s).
  • incidental expenses  - See the definition of per diem.
  • incidental operator  - Any employee in other than a motor vehicle operator position who is required to operate a motor vehicle in order to properly carry out assigned duties. Included in this definition are contractor employees required or authorized to operate U.S. Government vehicles under the terms of an existing contract with the Department of State.
  • incitement of terrorism  - Incitement with intent to cause bodily harm renders an alien inadmissible under INA if he or she has incited terrorist activity under circumstances indicating an intention to cause death or serious bodily harm. Incited in the context of INA is speech that induces or otherwise moves another person to undertake terrorist activity. Normally speech will not rise to the level of inciting unless there is a clear link between the speech and an actual effort to undertake the terrorist activity. It connotes speech that is not merely an expression of views but that directs or induces action, typically in a volatile situation. The applicant may have incited terrorist activity even if a terrorist attack does not actually occur (e.g., because an attempt to commit such activity was thwarted). An applicant who has incited terrorist activity must also have acted in circumstances indicating an intention to cause death or serious bodily harm to be inadmissible under INA. In other words, the aliens speech must not only have induced others to undertake terrorist activity, but it

  445 must also have been made with the specific intent that such activity would result in death or serious bodily injury. Incitement and the requisite intent to cause bodily harm could be inferred in the following situations- (a) Widespread opposition to Country A's policies and actions lead to a series of protests, some violent, outside Country As embassy in Country B. The applicant goes to the embassy, stands on a box, and shouts to the crowd to join him in standing up to Country A and humiliating it. Shortly afterwards, when he sees an embassy vehicle approaching, he yells - Don’t let them in! Make them pay for what they have done! The crowd blocks the car and removes occupants (including a diplomat working at Country As embassy), from the car, beating them severely and taking them hostage. Analysis - Diplomatic hostage-taking and violent attacks on diplomats are terrorist activities. Given the aliens urging the crowd to stop the embassy vehicle and make them pay, you would have reasonable ground to believe that the applicants speech incited terrorist activity. The aliens make them pay statement, when viewed against the backdrop of previous violent protests and his general comments about standing up to Country A and humiliating it, would provide you with reasonable ground to believe that the applicant intended to cause death or serious bodily harm. (b) The applicant is an ardent nationalist whose opinions voiced to a particular audience regularly blame foreigners for his country’s problems and who argues that the only solution to these problems is that foreigners should be driven out of the country. Press reports say that some of those in the targeted audience have been purchasing weapons and seeking to obtain and manufacture explosives. Police notify the applicant or those associated with the applicant that they are investigating several of those in the targeted audience for weapons-related offenses. At the end of a week of particularly strong anti-foreign sentiment, the applicant gives a special speech entitled A Call to Action. With the knowledge that those under investigation are in the audience, the applicant begins his speech with - The time has come for action! He then reiterates throughout his speech that The only solution to the country’s problems is to purge our great land of these foreigners once and for all through whatever means necessary. Shortly thereafter, some of those in the target audience detonate a truck bomb outside a restaurant frequented by foreign nationals, killing several foreign nationals and injuring many restaurant employees. Analysis - The use of any explosive with intent to endanger, directly or indirectly, the safety of one or more individuals or to cause substantial damage to property is a terrorist activity. In the example, the applicant helps foster anti-foreign sentiments and then, during a particularly tense period, urges students to act to drive foreigners from the country through whatever means necessary. Under these circumstances, you would have reasonable ground to believe that the applicants speech incited terrorist activity. The fact that the applicant knew that several students likely had access to weapons and/ or explosives and that those students were in attendance at his special lecture would provide you with reasonable ground to believe that the applicant intended to cause death or serious bodily harm.

  • in-conference monitoring  - technical examination intended to explicitly monitor and assure the exclusivity of meetings that are confidential or secret.
  • incorporated territory  - the territories to which the Constitution is fully applicable are called incorporated territories. It has been held that persons born in these territories on or after the date they became part of the United States could claim U.S. citizenship under the 14th Amendment. Section 1891, Rev. Stat., stated that - The Constitution...shall have the same force and effect within all organized Territories and in every Territory hereafter organized as elsewhere in the United States.
  • increment system design  - operational portion of a planned system that provides partial but useful capability to the user and is interoperable with other increments of the same system.
  • incremental costs  - Costs additional to the Service appropriations that would not have been incurred absent support of the contingency operation. See also financial management.
  • incremental expenses  - the reasonable and proper cost of rations, fuel, training ammunition, transportation, and other goods and services consumed by such country, except that the term does

  446   not include pay, allowances, and other normal costs of such country's personnel.

  • incremental hydropower  - additional generation achieved from increased efficiency after January 1, 2005, at a hydroelectric dam that was placed in service before January1, 2005.
  • incumbent service provider  - an entity that, as of the date of submission of the application, is providing broadband service to not less than 5 percent of the households in the service territory proposed in the application.
  • incumbent service provider  - The source (i.e., agency, private sector, or public reimbursable source ) providing the service when a public announcement is made of the streamlined or standard competition.
  • indefinite-quantity contract  - A contract used for procurements in which the exact number of deliverable items is not known at the time of contracting. The contract provides for a minimum and maximum amount of goods/ services that may be ordered under the contract.

in-demand industry sector or occupation- (i) an industry sector that has a substantial current or potential impact (including through jobs that lead to economic self-sufficiency and opportunities for advancement) on the State, regional, or local economy, as appropriate, and that contributes to the growth or stability of other supporting businesses, or the growth of other industry sectors; or (ii) an occupation that currently has or is projected to have a number of positions (including positions that lead to economic self-sufficiency and opportunities for advancement) in an industry sector so as to have a significant impact on the State, regional, or local economy, as appropriate.

  • indenture  - any mortgage, deed of trust, trust or other indenture, or similar instrument or agreement
  • independence  - the functional ability of individuals to perform activities of daily living or instrumental activities of daily living without assistance or supervision.
  • independence in daily living  - the ability of a veteran, without the services of others or with a reduced level of the services of others, to live and function within such veteran's family and community.
  • independent  - that the life-cycle cost estimate is prepared by an organization independent of the project sponsor, using the same detailed technical and procurement information as the sponsor, to determine if the life-cycle cost estimate of the sponsor is accurate and reasonable.
  • independent contractor  - a commission agent, broker, or other independent contractor who is engaged in selling, or soliciting orders for the sale of, tangible personal property for more than one principal and who holds himself out as such in the regular course of his business activities.
  • independent government cost estimate  - estimate, prepared by government personnel independently of contractors, of the cost for goods and/ or estimate of services to be procured by contract such estimates are prepared by government personnel (i.e., independent of contractors); estimate of the cost of goods and/ or services used as a basis against which to gauge reasonableness of prospective contractors’ proposed costs; IGCEs are developed during the Project Execution Phase when a performer is being selected and should be scoped for that specific work.
  • independent living services  – (A) independent living core services; and
(B)(i) counseling services, including psychological, psychotherapeutic, and related services; (ii) services related to securing housing or shelter, including services related to community group living, and supportive of the purposes of this chapter and of the subchapters of this chapter, and adaptive housing services (including appropriate accommodations to and modifications of any space used to serve, or occupied by, individuals with disabilities); (iii) rehabilitation technology;
(iv) mobility training;
(v) services

  447 and training for individuals with cognitive and sensory disabilities, including life skills training, and interpreter and reader services;
(vi) personal assistance services, including attendant care and the training of personnel providing such services;
(vii) surveys, directories, and other activities to identify appropriate housing, recreation opportunities, and accessible transportation, and other support services;
(viii) consumer information programs on rehabilitation and independent living services available under this chapter, especially for minorities and other individuals with disabilities who have traditionally been unserved or underserved by programs under this chapter; (ix) education and training necessary for living in a community and participating in community activities; (x) supported living; (xi) transportation, including referral and assistance for such transportation and training in the use of public transportation vehicles and systems; (xii) physical rehabilitation;
(xiii) therapeutic treatment;
(xiv) provision of needed prostheses and other appliances and devices;
(xv) individual and group social and recreational services;
(xvi) training to develop skills specifically designed for youths who are individuals with disabilities to promote self-awareness and esteem, develop advocacy and self-empowerment skills, and explore career options; (xvii) services for children; (xviii) services under other Federal, State, or local programs designed to provide resources, training, counseling, or other assistance, of substantial benefit in enhancing the independence, productivity, and quality of life of individuals with disabilities; (xix) appropriate preventive services to decrease the need of individuals assisted under this chapter for similar services in the future; (xx) community awareness programs to enhance the understanding and integration into society of individuals with disabilities; and (xxi) such other services as may be necessary and not inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter.

  • independent verification and validation  - verification and validation of a product or system performed by an organization that is technically, managerially, and financially independent of the development organization.
  • indeterminate loss  - as determined by an insurance claims adjuster certified under the national flood insurance program and in consultation with an engineer as appropriate, a loss resulting from physical damage to, or loss of, property located in any coastal State arising from the combined perils of flood and wind associated with a named storm.
  • indeterminate sentencing  - a system by which (A) the court may impose a sentence of a range defined by statute; and (B) an administrative agency, generally the parole board, or the court, controls release within the statutory range.
  • Indian land  - land of Indian tribes, or Indian individuals, which are either held in trust by the United States or subject to a restriction against alienation imposed by the United States.
  • Indian lands  - lands of Indian tribes or Indian individuals which are either held in trust by the United States for the benefit of an Indian tribe or subject to a restriction against alienation imposed by the United States.
  • Indian tribe  - any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community of Indians.
  • Indian tribe  - any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community, including any Alaskan Native village or regional or village corporation (as defined in, or established under, the Alaskan Native Claims Settlement Act) that is recognized by the United States as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.
  • Indian tribe  - any tribe, band, or other group of Indians subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and recognized as possessing powers of self-government.

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  • Indian tribes  - The United States recognizes Indian tribes as domestic dependent nations under its protection and recognizes the right of Indian tribes to self-government. As such, tribes are responsible for coordinating tribal resources to address actual or potential incidents. When their resources are exhausted, tribal leaders seek assistance from States or even the Federal Government.
  • Indian wars  - the campaigns, engagements, and expeditions of the United States military forces against Indian tribes or nations, service in which has been recognized heretofore as pensionable service.
  • indications  - In intelligence usage, information in various degrees of evaluation, all of which bear on the intention of a potential enemy to adopt or reject a course of action.
  • indicator  - something the directs attention to or makes known.
  • indicator  - 1. In intelligence usage, an item of information which reflects the intention or capability of an adversary to adopt or reject a course of action. 2. In operations security usage, data derived from friendly detectable actions and open-source information that an adversary can interpret and piece together to reach conclusions or estimates of friendly intentions, capabilities, or activities.
  • indicator  - A particular characteristic or dimension used to measure intended changes defined by a Results Framework.
  • indigenous populations and institutions  - The societal framework of an operational environment including citizens, legal and illegal immigrants, dislocated civilians, and governmental, tribal, ethnic, religious, commercial, and private organizations and entities. Also called IPI.
  • indirect consequence  - effect that is not a direct consequence of an event, incident, or occurrence, but is caused by a direct consequence, subsequent cascading effects, and/ or related decisions.
  • indirect cost  - any cost not directly identified with a single final cost objective, but identified with two or more final cost objectives or with at least one intermediate cost objective.
  • indirect cost  - any cost not directly identified with a single final cost objective, but identified with two or more final cost objectives or with at least one intermediate cost objective.
  • indirect cost  - any cost not directly identified with a single final cost objective, but identified with two or more final cost objectives or with at least one intermediate cost objective.
  • indirect cost pool  - a grouping of incurred costs identified with two or more cost objectives but not identified specifically with any final cost objective.
  • indirect cost pool  - a grouping of incurred costs identified with two or more cost objectives but not identified with any final cost objective.
  • indirect cost pool  - a grouping of incurred costs identified with two or more objectives but not identified specifically with any final cost objective.
  • indirect cost pool  - the accumulated costs that jointly benefit two or more programs or other cost objectives.
  • indirect cost rate  - a device for determining in a reasonable manner the proportion of indirect costs each program should bear. It is the ratio (expressed as a percentage) of the indirect costs to a direct cost base.

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  • indirect cost rate  - the percentage or dollar factor that expresses the ratio of indirect expense incurred in a given period to direct labor cost, manufacturing cost, or another appropriate base for the same period (see also “final indirect cost rate”).
  • indirect cost rate proposal  - the documentation prepared by a governmental unit or component thereof to substantiate its request for the establishment of an indirect cost rate.
  • indirect cost rate proposal  - the documentation prepared by a governmental unit or subdivision thereof to substantiate its request for the establishment of an indirect cost rate.
  • indirect costs  - costs included in a Federally negotiated indirect rate.
  • indirect route  - The portion of any journey that deviates from a usually traveled route.
  • indirect travel  - Personal travel done on a cost-constructive basis against official (i.e., direct) travel. Indirect travel is subject to the provisions of 14 FAM 546 and 14 FAM 585.2 as well as other Department travel regulations and policies.
  • individual  - A citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
  • individual development plan  - document that identifies an employee’s short and long-term learning and development goals is developed by the employee in coordination with the employee’s supervisor.
  • individual health insurance coverage  - health insurance coverage offered to individuals in the individual market, but does not include short-term limited duration insurance.
  • individual market  - the market for health insurance coverage offered to individuals other than in connection with a group health plan.
  • individual mobilization augmentee  - An individual reservist attending drills who receives training and is preassigned to an Active Component organization, a Selective Service System, or a Federal Emergency Management Agency billet that must be filled on, or shortly after, mobilization. Also called IMA.
  • individual practice association  - a partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity which has entered into a services arrangement (or arrangements) with persons who are licensed to practice medicine, osteopathy, dentistry, podiatry, optometry, psychology, or other health profession in a State and a majority of whom are licensed to practice medicine or osteopathy. Such an arrangement shall provide- (A) that such persons shall provide their professional services in accordance with a compensation arrangement established by the entity; and (B) to the extent feasible, for the sharing by such persons of medical and other records, equipment, and professional, technical, and administrative staff.
  • individual project  - A single participant. While an individual project is sometimes warranted, this project type should be used sparingly and judiciously due to the higher overall costs. The project may be conducted in English or the language of the participants country.
  • individual protective equipment  - In chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear operations, the personal clothing and equipment required to protect an individual from chemical, biological, and radiological hazards and some nuclear hazards. Also called IPE.
  • individual ready reserve  - A manpower pool consisting of individuals who have had some training or

  450   who have served previously in the Active Component or in the Selected Reserve, and may have some period of their military service obligation remaining. Also called IRR. See also Selected Reserve.Dictionary, JP 4‐05 )

  • individual with a disability  - person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities (an “actual disability”), or a record of a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity (“record of”), or an actual or perceived impairment, whether or not the impairment limits or is perceived to limit a major life activity, that is not both transitory and minor (“regarded as”).
  • individuals traveling together project  - A group of two to three (2-3) participants from the same country or different countries. An ITT may be conducted in English or the language of the participating country(ies). Also called ITT.
  • industrial development agency  - any agency which is permitted to issue obligations the interest on which is excludable from gross income.
  • industrial mobilization  - The transformation of industry from its peacetime activity to the industrial program necessary to support the national military objectives. See also mobilization.
  • industrial plant  - any fixed equipment or facility which is used in connection with, or as part of, any process or system for industrial production or output.
  • industrial preparedness  - The state of preparedness of industry to produce essential materiel to support the national military objectives.
  • industrial preparedness program  - Plans, actions, or measures for the transformation of the industrial base, both government-owned and civilian-owned, from its peacetime activity to the emergency program necessary to support the national military objectives.
  • industrial research  - planned search or critical investigation aimed at the discovery of new knowledge, with the objective that such knowledge may be useful in developing new products, processes, or services, or in bringing about a significant improvement to existing products, processes, or services.
  • industrial resources  - materials, services, processes, or manufacturing equipment (including the processes, technologies, and ancillary services for the use of such equipment) needed to establish or maintain an efficient and modern national defense industrial base.
  • industrial security  - portion of internal security that is concerned with the protection of classified information in the hands of United States industry.
  • industrial user  - those industries identified in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, Bureau of the Budget, 1967, as amended and supplemented, under the category of Division D-Manufacturing and such other classes of significant waste producers as, by regulation, the Administrator deems appropriate.
  • industrial waste  - any solid, semisolid, or liquid waste generated by a manufacturing or processing plant, other than an excluded material.
  • industrial waste  - the solid waste generated by manufacturing and industrial and research and development processes and operations, including contaminated soil, nonhazardous oil spill cleanup waste and dry nonhazardous pesticides and chemical waste, but does not include hazardous waste regulated under subtitle C of the Solid Waste Disposal Act, mining or oil and gas waste.

  451

  • industrial wastewater  - wastewater from industrial activities such as electroplating, metal finishing, corrosion control, vehicle maintenance, and other industrial processes.
  • industry  - a trade, business, industry, or other activity, or branch or group thereof, in which individuals are gainfully employed.
  • industry  – in general, the producers as a whole of a domestic like product, or those producers whose collective output of a domestic like product constitutes a major proportion of the total domestic production of the product.
  • industry affecting commerce  - any industry or activity in commerce or in which a labor dispute would burden or obstruct commerce or tend to burden or obstruct commerce or the free flow of commerce.
  • industry or sector partnership  - a workforce collaborative, convened by or acting in partnership with a State board or local board, that-(A) organizes key stakeholders in an industry cluster into a working group that focuses on the shared goals and human resources needs of the industry cluster and that includes, at the appropriate stage of development of the partnership-(i) representatives of multiple businesses or other employers in the industry cluster, including small and medium-sized employers when practicable;(ii) 1 or more representatives of a recognized State labor organization or central labor council, or another labor representative, as appropriate; and(iii) 1 or more representatives of an institution of higher education with, or another provider of, education or training programs that support the industry cluster; and(B) may include representatives of-
(i) State or local government;
 (ii) State or local economic development agencies;
(iii) State boards or local boards, as appropriate; 
 local agencies;
(vi) business or trade associations;
(vii) economic development organizations;
 (viii) nonprofit organizations, community-based organizations, or intermediaries;
(ix) philanthropic organizations;
(x) industry associations; and
(xi) other organizations, as determined to be necessary by the members comprising the industry or sector partnership.
  • ineligible  - excluded from Government contracting (and subcontracting, if appropriate) pursuant to statutory, Executive order, or regulatory authority and its implementing and supplementing regulations.
  • ineligible to citizenship  - notwithstanding the provisions of any treaty relating to military service, an individual who is, or was at any time permanently debarred from becoming a citizen of the United States under the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, as amended, or the Selective Service Act of 1948, as amended.
  • inert ingredient  - an ingredient which is not active.
  • inertial navigation system  - A self-contained navigation system using inertial detectors, which automatically provides vehicle position, heading, and velocity. Also called INS.
  • infection  - opportunistic cancers and infectious diseases and any other conditions arising from infection with such etiologic agent.
  • infection with the etiologic agent for acquired immune deficiency syndrome  - any condition arising from such etiologic agent.
  • infectious disease  - a disease potentially caused by a pathogenic organism (including a bacteria, virus, fungus, or parasite) that is acquired by a person and that reproduces in that person.
  • infirmary  - a place for the care of the infirm, sick or injured; hospital; an institution which operates as a

  452   hospital pursuant to law for the care and treatment of sick or injured persons as in-patients. USAID, FAM, 10 FAM 241.2 )

  • inflation  - The proportionate rate of change in the general price level, as opposed to the proportionate increase in a specific price. Inflation is usually measured by a broad-based price index, such as the implicit deflator for Gross Domestic Product or the Consumer Price Index.
  • influence mine  - A mine actuated by the effect of a target on some physical condition in the vicinity of the mine or on radiations emanating from the mine. See also mine.
  • influence sweep  - A sweep designed to produce an influence similar to that produced by a ship and thus actuate mines.
  • info addressee  - The post, activity, unit, or command to which a cable is directed for information by the originator.
  • inform consuls  - A passing instruction used in collective address telegrams to request posts with regional responsibilities to forward the telegram or the information therein to constituent posts.
  • informant  - any individual who furnishes information to an intelligence agency in the course of a confidential relationship protecting the identity of such individual from public disclosure.
  • information  - A combination of data, usually from multiple sources, used to derive meaningful conclusions about a system (health resources, costs, utilization of health services, outcomes of populations, etc.). Information cannot be developed without crude data. However, data must be transformed into information to allow decision-making that improves a given system.
  • information  - any communication or representation of knowledge such as facts, data, or opinions in any medium or form, including textual, numerical, graphic, cartographic, narrative, electronic, or audiovisual forms.
  • information  - any knowledge that can be communicated or documentary material, regardless of its physical form or characteristics, that is owned by, is produced by or for, or is under the control of the United States Government.
  • information  - data in a usable form, usually processed, organized, structured or presented in a meaningful way knowledge or intelligence representing facts, concepts, or instructions in any medium or form suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing by humans or by automatic means.
  • information  - Data of any type capable of being posted or transmitted on or through the Internet or a Department intranet; including data in print, graphic or pictorial, and audible form.
  • information government  - information created, collected, processed, disseminated, or disposed of by or for a governmental body.
  • information access clearance  - formal certification of authorization for a government employee to have access to classified information.
  • information addressee  - The post, activity, unit or command to whom a telegram is directed by the originator for information.
  • information architecture  - The content organization of a website (similar to the outline for a book with chapters, subchapters, cross-references, index).

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information assurance- (A) Computer security.(B) Network security.(C) Any other information technology that the Secretary of Defense considers related to information assurance.

  • information assurance  - Actions that protect and defend information systems by ensuring availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and nonrepudiation. Also called IA. See also information operations.
  • information assurance  - activities that protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their: - Availability: timely, reliable access to services. - Integrity: protection from unauthorized change. - Authentication: verification of originator. - Confidentiality: protection from unauthorized disclosure. - Non-repudiation: undeniable proof of participation.
  • information assurance product  - an IT product or technology whose primary purpose is to provide security services (e.g., integrity, authentication, confidentiality, access control, and non- repudiation); correct known vulnerabilities; and/ or provide layered defense against various categories of non-authorized or malicious penetrations of information systems or networks. Examples include products such as data encryptors, firewalls, and intrusion detection devices. Also called IA product.
  • information assurance-enabled product  - an IT product or technology whose primary role is not security, but provides security services as an associated feature of its intended operating capabilities. Examples include products such as security-enabled web browsers, screening routers, trusted operating systems, and security-enabled messaging systems. Also called IA enabled product.
  • information classification  - process by which information is determined to be classified information.
  • information collection  - Forms that collect information from the public, or impose a record keeping, reporting, or third-party information dissemination burden to the public may be considered to be information collections as defined by the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995. If the PRA applies, A/ GIS/ DIR must obtain the approval of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) before anyone can use the form.
  • information collection budget  - The vehicle through which OMB, in consultation with each Federal agency, sets annual agency goals to reduce information collection burdens imposed on the public. The Information Collection Budget serves as a management oversight tool.
  • information control  - authority of the agency that originates information, or its successor in function, to regulate access to the information.
  • information dissemination product  - any recorded information, regardless of physical form or characteristics, disseminated by an agency, or contractor thereof, to the public.
  • information dissemination product public  - book, paper, map, machine-readable material, audiovisual production, or other documentary material, regardless of physical form or characteristic, an agency disseminates to the public includes any electronic document, CD-ROM, or web page.
  • information environment  - The aggregate of individuals, organizations, and systems that collect, process, disseminate, or act on information.
  • information infrastructure  - the underlying framework, equipment, and software that an information system and related assets rely on to process, transmit, receive, or store information electronically.
  • information integrity  - protection of information from unauthorized access or revision ensuring that the

  454   information is not compromised through corruption or falsification. Terms )

  • information life cycle  - the stages through which information passes, typically characterized as creation or collection, processing, dissemination, use, storage, and disposition, to include destruction and deletion.
  • information life cycle  - the stages through which information passes, typically characterized as creation or collection, processing, dissemination, use, storage, and disposition.
  • information management  - IM is the term used to identify all information technology assets, issues, operations, and personnel at posts abroad that are funded by the geographic bureaus or, for international organizations, the IO Bureau. Also called IM.
  • information management  - The function of managing an organization’s information resources for the handling of data and information acquired by one or many different systems, individuals, and organizations in a way that optimizes access by all who have a share in that data or a right to that information. Also called IM.
  • information management  - the planning, budgeting, manipulating, and controlling of information throughout its life cycle. The term encompasses both information itself and the related resources, such as personnel, equipment, funds, and information technology.
  • information need intelligence  - data and information needed by intelligence analysts in order to answer intelligence questions.

information operations- (1) Electronic warfare. (2) Computer network operations. (3) Psychological operations.(4) Military deception.(5) Operations security.

  • information operations  - The integrated employment, during military operations, of information-related capabilities in concert with other lines of operation to influence, disrupt, corrupt, or usurp the decision-making of adversaries and potential adversaries while protecting our own. Also called IO. See also electronic warfare; military deception; operations security; military information support operations.
  • information operations force  - A force consisting of units, staff elements, individual military professionals in the Active and Reserve Components, and DOD civilian employees who conduct or directly support the integration of information-related capabilities against adversaries and potential adversaries during military operations as well as those who train these professionals. Also called IO force.
  • information operations intelligence integration  - The integration of intelligence disciplines and analytic methods to characterize and forecast, identify vulnerabilities, determine effects, and assess the information environment. Also called IOII.
  • information owner  - an agency official with statutory or operational authority for specified information and responsibility for establishing the criteria for its creation, collection, processing, dissemination, or disposal, which responsibilities may extend to interconnected systems or groups of interconnected systems.
  • information owner  - Official with statutory or operational authority for specified information and responsibility for establishing the controls for its generation, collection, processing, dissemination, and disposal.
  • Information Programs Center  - The transmission facility at a post abroad responsible for secure command and control messaging systems and other assigned telecommunications duties. Also

  455 called IPC. FAH‐2 H‐114 )

  • information report  - Report used to forward raw information collected to fulfill intelligence requirements.
  • information reproducibility  - information capable of being substantially reproduced may also be subject to an acceptable degree of imprecision.
  • information requirement  - specific data and processing specifications needed to complete a process.
  • information requirements  - In intelligence usage, those items of information regarding the adversary and other relevant aspects of the operational environment that need to be collected and processed in order to meet the intelligence requirements of a commander. Also called IR. See also priority intelligence requirement.
  • information resource management strategy  - a strategy that demonstrates how information resources management decisions are integrated with organizational planning, budget, procurement, financial management, human resources management, and program decisions.
  • information resource management bureau  - IRM is the functional bureau within the Department of State that manages and sets policy for all information technology issues. Also called IRM.
  • information resources  - Information and related resources, such as personnel, equipment, funds, and information technology (IT).
  • information resources  - information and related resources, such as personnel, equipment, funds, and information technology.
  • information resources  - information and related resources, such as personnel, equipment, funds, and information technology.
  • information resources  - information in any medium or form and its related resources, such as personnel, equipment, funds, and information technology.
  • information resources  - The information and related resources, such as personnel, equipment, funds, and information technology, used by an organization.
  • information resources management  - the process of managing information resources to accomplish agency missions. The term encompasses an agency’s information and the related resources, such as personnel, equipment, funds, and information technology.
  • information safeguarding  - measures and controls prescribed to protect classified information.

information security- (1) the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of an information system or the information such system processes, stores, or transmits; and (2) the security policies, security procedures, or acceptable use policies with respect to an information system.

  • information security  - Operations to protect and defend information and IT systems by ensuring their availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non-repudiation. This includes providing for restoration of IT systems by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction capabilities.
  • information security  - Protecting information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide - Integrity, which means

  456   guarding against improper information modification or destruction, and includes ensuring information nonrepudiation and authenticity; confidentiality, which means preserving authorized restrictions on access and disclosure, including protecting personal privacy and proprietary information; and availability, which means ensuring timely and reliable access to and use of information. FAM 271.4 )

  • information security  - protecting information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide — (1) Integrity, which means guarding against improper information modification or destruction, and includes ensuring information nonrepudiation and authenticity; (2) Confidentiality, which means preserving authorized restrictions on access and disclosure, including means for protecting personal privacy and proprietary information; and (3) Availability, which means ensuring timely and reliable access to, and use of, information.
  • information security  - protecting information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide integrity, confidentiality, and availability.
  • information security  - protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
  • information security  - the protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide: integrity, which means guarding against improper information modification or destruction, and includes ensuring information non-repudiation and authenticity; confidentiality, which means preserving authorized restrictions on access and disclosure, including means for protecting personal privacy and proprietary information; and availability, which means ensuring timely and reliable access to and use of information.
  • information security  - The protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction, to provide confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
  • information security operation  - security discipline concerned with implementation of a system of administrative policies and procedures for identifying, controlling, and protecting from unauthorized disclosure, information that is authorized protection authorized by executive order, statute, or regulation. Information security includes protection of classified, controlled unclassified, SCI, and SAP.
  • information security architecture  - an embedded, integral part of the enterprise architecture that describes the structure and behavior of the enterprise security processes, information security systems, personnel, and organizational subunits, showing their alignment with the enterprise’s mission and strategic plans.
  • information security continuous monitoring  - maintaining ongoing awareness of information security, vulnerabilities, threats, and incidents to support agency risk management decisions.
  • information security continuous monitoring program  - the compendium of methods, tools, and techniques necessary to implement the agency information continuous monitoring strategy in a way that is sufficient to inform risk-based decisions and maintain operations within established risk tolerances. The program includes determining monitoring metrics, establishing monitoring frequencies, and developing a monitoring architecture.
  • information security continuous monitoring strategy  - a comprehensive plan to address monitoring

  457 requirements and activities at each organizational tier (organization, mission or business process, and information system). House, OMB, Circular A‐130 )

  • information security incident  - an occurrence that- (A) actually or potentially jeopardizes the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of an information system or the information such system processes, stores, or transmits; or (B) constitutes a violation or imminent threat of violation of security policies, security procedures, or acceptable use policies with respect to an information system.
  • information security program plan  - a formal document that provides an overview of the security requirements for an organization-wide information security program and describes the program management controls and common controls in place or planned for meeting those requirements.
  • information security requirements  - information security requirements promulgated in accordance with law, or directed by the Secretary of Commerce, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and the Office of Management and Budget, and, as to national security systems, the President.
  • information services  - actions and resources offered through the auspices of a library or information center includes providing information from a reference source, providing information in response to or in anticipation of user needs or interests, managing subscriptions to recurring information resources, and providing access to electronic and print information.
  • information sharing  - exchange between entities or persons of data, information or knowledge stored within discrete information systems or created spontaneously using collaborative communication technologies includes transmission, communication, or any type of disclosure or receipt of information as well as any provision or receipt of account access to a dataset or data repository.
  • information sharing and access agreement  - agreement that is used to facilitate the exchange of Information between the Department (or any element or entity within the Department) and one or more outside parties agreement type includes Memorandum of Understanding, Memorandum of Agreement, Letter of Intent, or any other form of agreement: parties include domestic or foreign entities in the private or public sector and government agencies at the Federal, State, or local level.
  • information sharing and access agreements repository  - comprehensive departmental data set repository containing Information Sharing and Access Agreements between DHS (including any of its Components) and entities outside DHS.
  • Information Sharing and Safeguarding Governance Board  - Department’s senior governance and decision-making body for all departmental information sharing and safeguarding issues develops and oversees the implementation of the Department’s information sharing and safeguarding strategy, establishes goals and priorities relating to information sharing and safeguarding, and ensures consistency in information sharing and safeguarding policy and procedures both within the Department and between the Department and other Federal agencies, State and local governments, and private sector and international partners.
  • information sharing environment  - an approach that facilitates the sharing of terrorism and homeland security information. Also called ISE.
  • information sharing environment  - an approach that facilitates the sharing of terrorism and homeland security information. The ISE was established by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (IRTPA), and its definition was amended by The Implementing Recommendations of the 9/ 11 Commission Act of 2007. Also called ISE.
  • information sharing environment  - common framework for the sharing of terrorism and homeland security information between and among federal departments and agencies, state, local, and tribal

  458   Terms )

  • information sharing environment  - the information sharing environment.
  • information superiority  - The operational advantage derived from the ability to collect, process, and disseminate an uninterrupted flow of information while exploiting or denying an adversary’s ability to do the same. See also information operations.
  • information system  - A discrete set of information resources organized for the collection, processing, maintenance, use, sharing, dissemination, or disposition of information.
  • information system  - The set of agency information resources organized for the collection, storage, processing, maintenance, use, sharing, dissemination, disposition, display, or transmission of information. Categories of IT systems are major applications and general support systems.
  • information system  - a discrete set of information resources organized for the collection, processing, maintenance, use, sharing, dissemination, or disposition of information, whether automated or manual.
  • information system  - a discrete set of information resources organized for the collection, processing, maintenance, use, sharing, dissemination, or disposition of information.
  • information system  - a discrete set of information resources organized for the collection, processing, maintenance, use, sharing, dissemination, or disposition of information.
  • information system  - discrete set of defined procedures and information resources organized for the collection, processing, maintenance, use, sharing, dissemination, or disposition of information business application of a computer made up of the database, application program, and manual and machine procedures, and encompasses the computer system that does the processing.
  • information system component  - A discrete, identifiable information technology asset (e.g., hardware, software, firmware) that represents a building block of an information system.
  • information system life cycle  - all phases in the useful life of an information system, including planning, acquiring, operating, maintaining, and disposing.
  • information system owner  - A person or organization having responsibility for the development, procurement, integration, modification, operation and maintenance, and/ or final disposition of an information system.
  • information system resilience  - the ability of an information system to operate under adverse conditions or stress, even if in a degraded or debilitated state, while maintaining essential operational capabilities, and to recover to an effective operational posture in a time frame consistent with mission needs.
  • information system security  - Protection of information systems against unauthorized access to or modification of information, whether in storage, processing, or transit, and against the denial of service to authorized users, including those measures necessary to detect, document, and counter such threats.

  459

  • information system security control assessment  - The testing and/ or evaluation of management, operational , and technical security controls in an information/ application system to determine the extent to which the controls are implemented correctly, operating as intended, and producing the desired outcome with respect to meeting the security requirements for the system.
  • information system security controls  - Security controls (i.e., safeguards or countermeasures ) prescribed for an information system to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the system and its information. Three types of security controls- (1) Management - These controls focus on the management of risk and the management of information system security; (2) Operational - These controls are primarily implemented and executed by people (as opposed to systems); and (3) Technical - The controls are primarily implemented and executed by the information system through mechanisms contained in the hardware, software, or firmware components of the system.
  • information system security manager  - security official responsible for the information system security program for a specific Component, office, or contractor facility.
  • information system security officer  - security official, either government or contractor, responsible for the security posture of a specific information system.
  • information system security officer program (corporate)  - Designed to plan, implement, and coordinate the Departments information system security program for corporate applications and networks and to provide support for the worldwide information system security officers activities.
  • information system security plan  - a formal document that provides an overview of the security requirements for an information system and describes the security controls in place or planned for meeting those requirements.
  • information systems center  - The office responsible for unclassified computer systems or networks at posts abroad. Also called ISC.
  • information technology  - any equipment, or interconnected system(s) or subsystem(s) of equipment, that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information by the agency. (1) For purposes of this definition, equipment is used by an agency if the equipment is used by the agency directly or is used by a contractor under a contract with the agency that requires- (a) Its use; or (b) To a significant extent, its use in the performance of a service or the furnishing of a product. (2) The term information technology includes computers, ancillary equipment, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including support services), and related resources. (3) The term information technology does not include any equipment that- (a) Is acquired by a contractor incidental to a contract; or (b) Contains imbedded information technology that is used as an integral part of the product, but the principal function of which is not the acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information. For example, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) equipment, such as thermostats or temperature control devices, and medical equipment where information technology is integral to its operation, is not information technology. Also called IT.
  • Information Technical Center  - The office at posts abroad responsible for the technical portion of the transmission facility. Also called ITC.

information technology- (A) with respect to an executive agency means any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment, used in the automatic acquisition, storage, analysis, evaluation, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information by the executive agency, if the equipment is used by the executive agency directly or is used by a contractor under a contract with   460   the executive agency that requires the use — (i) of that equipment; or (ii) of that equipment to a significant extent in the performance of a service or the furnishing of a product; (B) includes computers, ancillary equipment (including imaging peripherals, input, output, and storage devices necessary for security and surveillance), peripheral equipment designed to be controlled by the central processing unit of a computer, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including support services), and related resources; but (C) does not include any equipment acquired by a federal contractor incidental to a federal contract.

  • information technology  - Any equipment or interconnected system(s) or subsystem(s) of equipment that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information by the agency. For purposes of this definition, equipment is used by an agency if the equipment is used by the agency directly or is used by a contractor under a contract with the agency that requires its use or, to a significant extent, its use in the performance of a service or the furnishing of a product. The term information technology includes computers, ancillary equipment, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including support services), and related services but does not include any equipment that is acquired by a contractor incidental to a contract; or contains imbedded information technology that is used as an integral part of the product, but the principal function of which is not the acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission or reception of data or information. For example, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) equipment, such as thermostats or temperature control devices, and medical equipment where information technology is integral to its operation, is not information technology.
  • Information technology  - Any equipment or interconnected system(s) or subsystem(s) of equipment used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information by the agency. For purposes of this definition, equipment is used by an agency if the equipment is used directly by the agency, or is used by a contractor under a contract with the agency that requires (1) its use or (2) to a significant extent, its use in the performance of a service or the furnishing of a product. The term information technology includes computers, ancillary equipment, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including support services), and related resources, and does not include any equipment that is acquired by a contractor incidental to a contract; or contains imbedded information technology that is used as an integral part of the product, but the principal function of which is not the acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information. For example, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning equipment, such as thermostats or temperature control devices, and medical equipment where information technology is integral to its operation, are not information technology.
  • information technology  - any equipment, or interconnected system(s) or subsystem(s) of equipment, that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, analysis, evaluation, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information by the agency. (1) For purposes of this definition, equipment is used by an agency if the equipment is used by the agency directly or is used by a contractor under a contract with the agency that requires — i) Its use; or (ii) To a significant extent, its use in the performance of a service or the furnishing of a product. (2) The term “information technology” includes computers, ancillary equipment (including imaging peripherals, input, output, and storage devices necessary for security and surveillance), peripheral equipment designed to be controlled by the central processing unit of a computer, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including support services), and related resources. (3) The term “information technology” does not include any equipment that — (i) Is acquired by a contractor incidental to a contract; or (ii) Contains imbedded information technology that is used as an integral part of the product, but the principal function of which is not the acquisition, storage, analysis, evaluation, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information. For example, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) equipment, such as thermostats or temperature control devices, and medical equipment where information technology is integral to its operation,

  461 are not information technology.

  • information technology  - Any equipment, software, firmware, or interconnected system of equipment that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information. Also called IT.
  • information technology  - any services or equipment, or interconnected system(s) or subsystem(s) of equipment, that are used in the automatic acquisition, storage, analysis, evaluation, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information by the agency. For purposes of this definition, such services or equipment if used by the agency directly or is used by a contractor under a contract with the agency that requires its use; or to a significant extent, its use in the performance of a service or the furnishing of a product. The term “information technology” includes computers, ancillary equipment (including imaging peripherals, input, output, and storage devices necessary for security and surveillance), peripheral equipment designed to be controlled by the central processing unit of a computer, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including cloud computing and help-desk services or other professional services which support any point of the life cycle of the equipment or service), and related resources. The term “information technology” does not include any equipment that is acquired by a contractor incidental to a contract which does not require its use.
  • information technology  - equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment, used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information includes, but is not limited to, computers, desktop computers, personal computers, laptops, handheld computers, Personal Digital Assistants, ancillary equipment, software, still images, motion pictures, multimedia presentations, and related resources.
  • information technology architecture  - An integrated framework for evolving or maintaining existing information technology and for guiding the acquisition of new information technology in accordance with the agency’s strategic goals and information technology strategic goals. Also called ITA.
  • information technology architecture  - An integrated framework for evolving or maintaining existing, and acquiring new, information technology to achieve the Departments strategic and information resource management goals.
  • information technology asset baseline  - The repository for information on all Department applications. This is the official source of external reporting regarding the Departments application portfolio. Also called ITAB.
  • information technology asset management  - IT asset management brings together physical, financial, and contractual management of IT assets in order to drive costs down and improve service levels. Managing the physical aspects of a technology asset portfolio can provide insight about what assets are in your environment, where they are physically located, to whom they are assigned, and to what extent they are being used. Also called ITAM.
  • information technology capital investment fund  - A State Department fund appropriated by Congress, allotted exclusively for IT capital development projects. It is a part of the Departments IT Central Fund. Also called CIF.
  • information technology capital planning  - A systematic approach to managing the risks and returns of IT investments. It is an integrated management process which provides for the continuous selection, control, life-cycle management, and evaluation of IT investments and is focused on achieving a desired business outcome.

  462  

  • information technology central fund  - A State Department fund that is comprised of the IT Capital Investment Fund (CIF) and Expedited Passport Fee (EPF) collections. Also called CF.
  • information technology change control board  - A centralized body of knowledgeable personnel with the appropriate authority to evaluate change requests that impact the operational stability or maintainability of IT assets controlled, managed, or supported by the Department of State. Also called IT CCB.
  • information technology configuration control board  - The entity that manages hardware, software, and hardware/ software configuration changes to the Departments global IT environment. The IT CCB has responsibility for reviewing and approving/ disapproving changes that potentially affect the Departments global IT environment. The scope includes software and hardware products residing on unclassified, Sensitive but Unclassified (SBU), and classified infrastructures (stand-alone or networked) up to and including the Secret level of classification. Also called IT CCB.
  • information technology dashboard  - Office of Management and Budget (OMB) website that provides information on the effectiveness of government programs and to support decisions regarding the investment and management of resources.
  • information technology investment  - A capital IT asset acquired through the acquisition process that must be managed throughout its life-cycle.
  • information technology investment  - an expenditure of information technology resources to address mission delivery and management support. This may include a project or projects for the development, modernization, enhancement, or maintenance of a single information technology asset or group of information technology assets with related functionality, and the subsequent operation of those assets in a production environment. These investments shall have a defined life cycle with start and end dates, with the end date representing the end of the currently estimated useful life of the investment, consistent with the investment’s most current alternatives analysis if applicable.
  • information technology investment management  - a decision-making process that, in support of agency missions and business needs, provides for analyzing, tracking, and evaluating the risks, including information security and privacy risks, and results of all major investments made by an agency for information systems. The process shall cover the life of each system and shall include explicit criteria for analyzing the projected and actual costs, benefits, and risks, including information security and privacy risks, associated with the investments.
  • information technology performance measurement  - The indication of what a program or project is accomplishing and whether results are being achieved while supporting business processes and strategic program and project outcomes.
  • information technology portfolio management  - process and operation that provides leadership a better understanding of cost, risk, and capabilities of investments are aligned with the Departments mission and business strategies and outcomes are evaluated with the help of performance measures.
  • information technology resource  - DHS budgetary resources, personnel, equipment, facilities, or services primarily used in the management, operation, acquisition, disposition, and transformation, or other activity related to the lifecycle of information technology; acquisitions or interagency agreements that include information technology and the services or equipment provided by such acquisitions or interagency agreements does not include grants to third parties which establish or support information technology not operated directly by the Federal Government.
  • information technology resources  - all agency budgetary resources, personnel, equipment, facilities, or services that are primarily used in the management, operation, acquisition, or other activity related to the life cycle of information technology; acquisitions or interagency agreements that include

  463 information technology and the services or equipment provided by such acquisitions or interagency agreements; but does not include grants that establish or support information technology not operated directly by the Federal Government.

  • information technology services  - Provides centralized management control over equipment and services for unclassified voice/ data telecommunications.
  • information technology strategic plan  - A long-term, high-level plan that defines a systematic way an agency will use information technology to effectively accomplish the agency’s missions, goals, and objectives.
  • information technology system  - a discrete set of information resources organized for the collection, processing, maintenance, transmission, and dissemination of information in accordance with procedures, whether automated or manual. Also called IT system.
  • information technology tactical plan  - The document, which describe the major IRM initiatives and IT projects over a three year period. The document tracks the means by which the Department of State achieves its long term goals and objectives, as outlined in the Department of State Strategic Plan and as further defined in the IT Strategic Plan.
  • information utility  - usefulness of information to its intended users.
  • information type  - A specific category of information (e.g., medical, proprietary, financial, investigative, contractor-sensitive, security management), defined by an organization, or in some instances, by a specific law, Executive Order, directive, policy, or regulation.
  • information-related capability  - A tool, technique, or activity employed within a dimension of the information environment that can be used to create effects and operationally desirable conditions. Also called IRC.
  • information-service employee  - any person who is engaged in furnishing, disseminating, or publishing accounts, descriptions, information, or data with respect to the political, industrial, employment, economic, social, cultural, or other benefits, advantages, facts, or conditions of any country other than the United States or of any government of a foreign country or of a foreign political party or of a partnership, association, corporation, organization, or other combination of individuals organized under the laws of, or having its principal place of business in, a foreign country.
  • infraction  - any knowing, willful, or negligent action contrary to the requirements of this order or its implementing directives that does not constitute a violation.
  • infraGard  - partnership between the FBI and businesses, academic institutions, state and local law enforcement agencies, and other participants dedicated to sharing information and intelligence to prevent hostile acts against the United States.
  • infrared imagery  - That imagery produced as a result of sensing electromagnetic radiations emitted or reflected from a given target surface in the infrared position of the electromagnetic spectrum (approximately 0.72 to 1,000 microns).
  • infrared pointer  - A low power laser device operating in the near infrared light spectrum that is visible with light amplifying night vision devices. Also called IR pointer.
  • infrared sensor active  - line of sight detection device that emits a beam of infrared light to detect an intruder.

  464  

  • infrared sensor passive  - visible, volumetric detection device that detects an intruder by detecting a change in background temperature caused by body heat passing through the detection zone.

infrastructure- (Also reference network infrastructure, telecommunications infrastructure, telecommunications systems.) Infrastructure is hardware, software, and cabling that provides high- speed data and voice services to all users within the Department, connectivity among the Departments domestic locations and access to the Diplomatic Telecommunications Service Program Office (DTS-PO) international gateway or other communications connectivity.

  • infrastructure  - framework of interdependent networks and systems comprising identifiable industries, institutions (including people and procedures), and distribution capabilities that provide a reliable flow of products and services essential to the defense and economic security of the United States, the smooth functioning of government at all levels, and society as a whole. Consistent with the definition in the Homeland Security Act, infrastructure includes physical, cyber, and/ or human elements.
  • infrastructure liaison  - Individual assigned by the Department of Homeland Security Office of Infrastructure Protection who advises the Unified Coordination Group on regionally or nationally significant infrastructure and key resources issues.
  • ingredient statement  - a statement which contains: (1) the name and percentage of each active ingredient, and the total percentage of all inert ingredients, in the pesticide; and (2) if the pesticide contains arsenic in any form, a statement of the percentages of total and water soluble arsenic, calculated as elementary arsenic. inherent risk - The potential for waste, loss, unauthorized use, or misappropriation due solely to the nature of an activity itself. Unacceptable or highly undesirable risk becomes the basis for establishing and maintaining management controls.
  • inherently governmental activities  - An activity that is so intimately related to the public interest as to mandate performance by government personnel.
  • inherently governmental function  - an activity that is so intimately related to the public interest as to mandate performance by U.S. Government personnel. These activities require the exercise of substantial discretion in applying U.S. Government authority and/ or in making decisions for the U.S. Government. Inherently governmental activities normally fall into two categories - the exercise of sovereign U.S. Government authority or the establishment of procedures and processes related to the oversight of monetary transactions or entitlements. An inherently governmental activity involves - (1) Binding the United States to take or not to take some action by contract, policy, regulation, authorization, order, or otherwise; (2) Determining, protecting, and advancing economic, political, territorial, property, or other interests by military or diplomatic action, civil or criminal judicial proceedings, contract management, or otherwise; (3) Significantly affecting the life, liberty, or property of private persons; or (4) Exerting ultimate control over the acquisition, use, or disposition of United States property (real or personal, tangible or intangible) including establishing policies or procedures for the collection, control, or disbursement of appropriated and other federal funds.
  • inherently governmental function  - as a matter of policy, a function that is so intimately related to the public interest as to mandate performance by Government employees. This definition is a policy determination, not a legal determination. An inherently governmental function includes activities that require either the exercise of discretion in applying Government authority, or the making of value judgments in making decisions for the Government. Governmental functions normally fall into two categories: the act of governing, i.e., the discretionary exercise of Government authority, and monetary transactions and entitlements. (1) An inherently governmental function involves, among other things, the interpretation and execution of the laws of the United States so as to — (i) Bind the United States to take or not to take some action by contract, policy, regulation,

  465 authorization, order, or otherwise; (ii) Determine, protect, and advance United States economic, political, territorial, property, or other interests by military or diplomatic action, civil or criminal judicial proceedings, contract management, or otherwise; (iii) Significantly affect the life, liberty, or property of private persons; (iv) Commission, appoint, direct, or control officers or employees of the United States; or (v) Exert ultimate control over the acquisition, use, or disposition of the property, real or personal, tangible or intangible, of the United States, including the collection, control, or disbursement of Federal funds. (2) Inherently governmental functions do not normally include gathering information for or providing advice, opinions, recommendations, or ideas to Government officials. They also do not include functions that are primarily ministerial and internal in nature, such as building security, mail operations, operation of cafeterias, housekeeping, facilities operations and maintenance, warehouse operations, motor vehicle fleet management operations, or other routine electrical or mechanical services.

  • inherited personal effects  - Personal effects that come into an employees possession upon the death of a family member of the employee or the employees spouse or domestic partner as defined in 3 FAM 1610, or when the family member is placed into a custodial care facility.
  • inholding  - any right, title, or interest, held by a non-Federal entity, in or to a tract of land that lies within the boundary of a federally designated area.
  • in-house savings  - Net life-cycle cost savings achieved by in-house agency staff using VE techniques.

initial authorization -the initial risk determination and risk acceptance decision based on a zero-base review of the information system conducted prior to its entering the operations or maintenance phase of the system development life cycle. The zero-base review includes an assessment of all security and privacy controls (i.e., system-specific, hybrid, and common controls) contained in an information system security plan or in a privacy plan and implemented within an information system or the environment in which the system operates.

  • initial capabilities document  - any capabilities requirement document approved by the Joint Requirements Oversight Council that establishes the need for a materiel approach to resolve a capability gap.
  • initial construction  - the construction of a highway, bridge, tunnel, or other facility at any time before it is open to traffic.
  • initial cost risk  - risk associated with “cost creep” or miscalculation of initial costs that result in an inaccurate baseline against which to estimate and compare future costs.
  • initial equity contribution  - the amount or value of contributions made by non-Federal entities for the acquisition of the asset prior to occupancy of facilities.
  • initial equity contribution  - the amount or value of contributions made by non-profit organizations for the acquisition of the asset or prior to occupancy of facilities.
  • initial facility  - one of the four outpatient facilities identified by the Secretary to participate in the dialysis pilot program prior to the date of the enactment of this Act.
  • initial health evaluation  - a medical and exposure history, a physical examination, and additional medical testing as needed to evaluate whether the individual has a WTC-related health condition and is eligible for treatment under the WTC Program.
  • initial merchant  - a person that has obtained a consumer's billing information directly from the consumer

  466   through an Internet transaction initiated by the consumer. §8402 )

  • initial notice  - The first demand letter from the management, financial management, or program officer at the post, bureau, or office responsible for the allotment, activity or program under which the debt arises notifying an individual or vendor of a debt owed to the Department of State. The notice informs the debtor of their due process/ rights.
  • initial operating capability  - projected point in a program that indicates that there is major new capability with measurable program benefit available to the designated user(s).
  • initial operational capability  - The first attainment of the capability to employ effectively a weapon, item of equipment, or system of approved specific characteristics that is manned or operated by an adequately trained, equipped, and supported military unit or force. Also called IOC.
  • initial operational test and evaluation  - operational test and evaluation conducted on production or production representative articles, to determine whether systems are operationally effective and suitable for intended use by representative users to support the decision to proceed beyond Low Rate Initial Production (LRIP).
  • initial radiation  - The radiation, essentially neutrons and gamma rays, resulting from a nuclear burst and emitted from the fireball within one minute after burst. See also residual radiation.
  • initial reception point  - In personnel recovery, a secure area or facility under friendly control where initial reception of recovered isolated personnel can safely take place.
  • initial response force  - The first unit, usually military police, on the scene of a terrorist incident. See also antiterrorism.
  • initial summary employee performance rating  - summary performance rating assigned or proposed by the rating official, and documentation of accomplishments after evaluating the employee’s performance against the established performance elements.
  • initial unloading period  - In amphibious operations, that part of the ship-to-shore movement in which unloading is primarily tactical in character and must be instantly responsive to landing force requirements. See also general unloading period.
  • initial visit  - refers to the first time a consular officer, or person authorized to act on behalf of a consular officer, sees an U.S. citizen or national under arrest or detention.
  • initial operation and maintenance funds  - A term used in the preparation of the construction working estimate (CWE) to cover funding for all costs expected to be incurred for routine operation and maintenance during the first year of occupancy of a new embassy compound (NEC).
  • initiate  - any action reducing functions or civilian personnel positions but does not include studies, planning, or similar activities carried out before there is a reduction of such functions or positions.
  • initiating directive  - An order to a subordinate commander to conduct military operations as directed. Also called ID.
  • initiation request for treasury direct  - Requests by an employee to enroll in the Voluntary Payroll Savings Plan for the initial deduction must be submitted to the payroll office on Form SF-1199-A, Direct Deposit Sign-Up Form, a FAST START Direct Deposit Sign-Up Form, or electronically through Employee Express.

  467

  • initiator  - device that may be used to start a detonation or deflagration may or may not be a detonator.

injury- (A) physical harm to a natural person; and (B) physical damage to or destruction of tangible property, but only if physical harm described in subparagraph (A) exists.

  • injury  - 1. A term comprising such conditions as fractures, wounds, sprains, strains, dislocations, concussions, and compressions. 2. Conditions resulting from extremes of temperature or prolonged exposure. 3. Acute poisonings (except those due to contaminated food) resulting from exposure to a toxic or poisonous substance. See also casualty.
  • injury  - an accidental bodily injury sustained and requiring medical treatment.
  • inland harbor  - a navigation project which is used principally for the accommodation of commercial vessels and the receipt and shipment of waterborne cargoes on inland waters. The term does not include- (A) projects on the Great Lakes; (B) projects that are subject to tidal influence; (C) projects with authorized depths of greater than 20 feet; (D) local access or berthing channels; and (E) projects constructed or maintained by nonpublic interests.
  • inland oil barge  - a non-self-propelled vessel carrying oil in bulk as cargo and certificated to operate only in the inland waters of the United States, while operating in such waters.
  • inland petroleum distribution system  - A multi-product system consisting of both commercially available and military standard petroleum equipment that can be assembled by military personnel and, when assembled into an integrated petroleum distribution system, provides the military with the capability required to support an operational force with bulk fuels. Also called IPDS.
  • inland waters of the United States  - those waters of the United States lying inside the baseline from which the territorial sea is measured and those waters outside such baseline which are a part of the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway.
  • inmate  - any person incarcerated or detained in any facility who is accused of, convicted of, sentenced for, or adjudicated delinquent for, violations of criminal law or the terms and conditions of parole, probation, pretrial release, or diversionary program.
  • inner transport area  - In amphibious operations, an area as close to the landing beach as depth of water, navigational hazards, boat traffic, and enemy action permit, to which transports may move to expedite unloading. See also outer transport area; transport area.
  • innovation lifecycle  - the process of innovating through—(A) the identification of a need;
(B) the establishment of the scope of research to address that need;
(C) setting an agenda;
(D) carrying out research, development, deployment, and testing of the resulting technology or innovation; and
(E) carrying out an evaluation of the costs and benefits of the resulting technology or innovation.
  • innovative crashworthy safety barrier  - a barrier, other than a guardrail or guiderail, classified by the Federal Highway Administration as 'experimental' or that was classified as 'operational' after January 1, 1985, and that meets or surpasses the requirements of the National Cooperative Highway Research Program 350 for longitudinal barriers.
  • inpatient responsibilities  - on-call responsibilities customarily required of a physician by a community hospital as a condition of granting privileges to the physician to practice in the hospital.
  • inputs  - The type and amount of resources that are required and used to deliver a government service.

  468   FAM 674 )

  • inquiry  - Incoming letter requesting information.
  • inquiry  - process of fact finding and analysis in seeking the truth, information or knowledge about something.
  • insect  - any of the numerous small invertebrate animals generally having the body more or less obviously segmented, for the most part belonging to the class insecta, comprisingsix-legged, usually winged forms, as for example, beetles, bugs, bees, flies, and to other allied classes of arthropods whose members are wingless and usually have more than six legs, as for example, spiders, mites, ticks, centipedes, and wood lice.
  • in-service training  - training and professional development of staff usually provided during normal working hours.

insider- (A) if the debtor is an individual-(i) a relative of the debtor or of a general partner of the debtor;(ii) a partnership in which the debtor is a general partner;(iii) a general partner in a partnership described in clause (ii); or(iv) a corporation of which the debtor is a director, officer, or person in control; (B) if the debtor is a corporation-(i) a director of the debtor;(ii) an officer of the debtor;(iii) a person in control of the debtor;(iv) a partnership in which the debtor is a general partner;(v) a general partner in a partnership described in clause (iv); or (vi) a relative of a general partner, director, officer, or person in control of the debtor; (C) if the debtor is a partnership-(i) a general partner in the debtor;(ii) a relative of a general partner in, a general partner of, or a person in control of the debtor;(iii) another partnership in which the debtor is a general partner; (iv) a general partner in a partnership described in clause (iii); or (v) a person in control of the debtor.1(D) an affiliate, or an insider of an affiliate as if the affiliate were the debtor; and (E) a managing agent of the debtor.

  • insider  - Any person with authorized access to any United States Government resource to include personnel, facilities, information, equipment, networks or systems.
  • insider  - person with authorized access to any United States Government resource includes access to personnel, facilities, information, equipment, networks, or systems.
  • insider threat  - The threat that an insider will use her/ his authorized access, wittingly or unwittingly, to do harm to the security of the United States. This threat can include damage to the United States through espionage, terrorism, unauthorized disclosure of national security information, or through the loss or degradation of departmental resources or capabilities.
  • insider threat  - threat that an insider will use his or her authorized access, wittingly or unwittingly, to do harm to an entity can include damage to the United States through espionage, terrorism, the unauthorized disclosure of classified national security information, or through the loss or degradation of departmental resources or capabilities.
  • insider threat detection activity  - activity to ascertain whether an insider threat exists regardless of the authority under which the activity is conducted.
  • Insider Threat Operations Center  - intra-departmental operations center responsible for performing and managing the insider threat activities of the DHS Support Components and coordinating the insider threat activities of the DHS Operational Components managed by the Senior Insider Threat Official subject to the guidance and direction of the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis.
  • insider threat oversight group  - intra-departmental group responsible for providing oversight, advice, and assistance to support the Insider Threat Program provided to the Under Secretary for

  469 Intelligence and Analysis (USIA), the Senior Insider Threat Official (SITO), the Insider Threat Program Manager (ITPM), and the Insider Threat Operations Center (ITOC). Terms )

  • insider threat program manager  - person responsible for the coordination of the DHS Insider Threat Program selected by the Senior Insider Threat Official (SITO).
  • insider threat response activity  - activity to ascertain whether an insider threat exists and any activity to mitigate such a threat, regardless of the authority under which the activity is conducted.
  • insider threat response activity  - activity to mitigate an insider threat regardless of the authority under which the activity is conducted.
  • in-space transportation services  - operations and activities involved in the direct transportation or attempted transportation of a payload or object from one orbit to another by means of an in-space transportation vehicle.
  • in-space transportation system  - the space and ground elements, including in-space transportation vehicles and support space systems, and ground administration and control facilities and associated equipment, necessary for the provision of in-space transportation services.
  • in-space transportation vehicle  - a vehicle designed — (A) to be based and operated in space;
(B) to transport various payloads or objects from one orbit to another orbit; and (C) to be reusable and refueled in space.
  • inspect  - critical examination and appraisal of an individual , place or thing either by physical or technological means, to confirm standards and/ or laws are met and to detect violations of standards and/ or laws or other deviations from a norm for regulatory authorities; it is the act of administering an official review of various criteria (such as documents, facilities, records, and any other assets) that are deemed by the authority to be related to the inspection.
  • inspection  - examining and testing supplies or services (including, when appropriate, raw materials, components, and intermediate assemblies) to determine whether they conform to contract requirements.
  • inspection  - process of an organized and thorough examination to assure compliance to a standard norm, laws or rules.
  • inspection  - the comprehensive process used by the United States Customs and Border Protection to assess goods entering the United States to appraise them for duty purposes, to detect the presence of restricted or prohibited items, and to ensure compliance with all applicable laws. The process may include screening, conducting an examination, or conducting a search.
  • inspection  - The examination and testing of supplies and services to determine whether they conform to contract requirements.
  • institution  - any institution, public or private, or, if a multicampus institution, any single campus of such institution, in any State, that (A) is legally authorized within such State to provide a program of education beyond secondary school, (B) provides a program for which the institution awards a bachelor's degree (or provides not less than a 2-year program which is acceptable for full credit toward such a degree) or more advanced degrees, (C) is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association and to which institution Federal financial assistance is extended (directly or indirectly through another entity or person), or which institution receives support from the extension of Federal financial assistance to any of the institution's subunits.

  470  

  • institution  - any public or private institution of higher education, institute, laboratory, or State or local agency.

institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth- (A) a public or private residential facility, other than a foster home, that is operated for the care of children who have been committed to the institution or voluntarily placed in the institution under applicable State law, due to abandonment, neglect, or death of their parents or guardians; or (B) a public or private residential facility for the care of children who have been adjudicated to be delinquent or in need of supervision.

  • institution of higher education  - an educational institution in any State that- (1) admits as regular students only persons having a certificate of graduation from a school providing secondary education, or the recognized equivalent of such a certificate, or persons who meet the requirements; (2) is legally authorized within such State to provide a program of education beyond secondary education; (3) provides an educational program for which the institution awards a bachelor's degree or provides not less than a 2-year program that is acceptable for full credit toward such a degree, or awards a degree that is acceptable for admission to a graduate or professional degree program, subject to review and approval by the Secretary; (4) is a public or other nonprofit institution; and (5) is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association, or if not so accredited, is an institution that has been granted preaccreditation status by such an agency or association that has been recognized by the Secretary for the granting of preaccreditation status, and the Secretary has determined that there is satisfactory assurance that the institution will meet the accreditation standards of such an agency or association within a reasonable time.

institution-affiliated organization- (A) any organization that (i) is directly or indirectly related to a covered institution; and (ii) is engaged in the practice of recommending, promoting, or endorsing education loans for students attending such covered institution or the families of such students; (B) may include an alumni organization, athletic organization, foundation, or social, academic, or professional organization, of a covered institution; and (C) notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (B), does not include any lender with respect to any education loan secured, made, or extended by such lender.

  • institutional entity  - an institution of higher education, a public school district, a local government, a municipal utility, or a designee of 1 of those entities.
  • institutional grant  - a grant that supports the implementation of a comprehensive science improvement plan, which may include any combination of activities for improving the preparation of minority students for careers in science.
  • institutional waste  - material discarded by schools, nonmedical waste discarded by hospitals, material discarded by nonmanufacturing activities at prisons and government facilities, and material discarded by other similar establishments or facilities.
  • institutionalization for long-term care  - care for an indefinite period of time for mental or other health reasons, rather than temporary rehabilitative or recuperative care even if such rehabilitation or recuperation may last weeks or months. See 9 FAM 302.8 for additional information on public charge ineligibilities.
  • instruction DHS Directives System  - document that implements or supplements Directives, Executive Orders, regulations (e.g. Code of Federal Regulations) and Federal Register notices, by providing uniform procedures and/ or prescribing the manner or a specific plan or action for carrying out the policy, operating a program or activity, and assigning responsibilities.
  • instructional material  - instructional content that is provided to a student, regardless of its format, including printed or representational materials, audio-visual materials, and materials in electronic or

  471 digital formats (such as materials accessible through the Internet); does not include academic tests or assessments. §1232h. )

  • instructor-led training  - method in which an instructor teaches in person or through distance learning.
  • instrument  - Any written document, made and executed as the expression of some legal act, such as a bond, deed, contract, or will.
  • instrument approach procedure  - A series of predetermined maneuvers for the orderly transfer of an aircraft under instrument flight conditions from the beginning of the initial approach to a landing or to a point from which a landing may be made visually or the missed approach procedure is initiated.
  • instrument meteorological conditions  - Meteorological conditions expressed in terms of visibility, distance from cloud, and ceiling; less than minimums specified for visual meteorological conditions. Also called IMC. See also visual meteorological conditions.
  • instruments of national power  - All of the means available to the government in its pursuit of national objectives. They are expressed as diplomatic, economic, informational and military.
  • instruments of national power  - All of the means available to the government in its pursuit of national objectives. They are expressed as diplomatic, economic, informational, and military.
  • insular area  - commonwealth, freely associated state, possession or territory controlled by the United States government that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia.
  • insurance  - a contract that provides that for a stipulated consideration, one party undertakes to indemnify another against loss, damage, or liability arising from an unknown or contingent event.
  • insurance  - National Service Life Insurance.

  • insurance carrier  - an individual or entity engaged in the business of underwriting automobile insurance.
  • insurance carrier  - any corporation, association, society, order, firm, company, mutual, partnership, individual aggregation of individuals, or any other legal entity that provides commercial property and casualty insurance. Such term includes any affiliates of a commercial insurance carrier.
  • insurance company  - a company which is organized as an insurance company, whose primary and predominant business activity is the writing of insurance or the reinsuring of risks underwritten by insurance companies, and which is subject to supervision by the insurance commissioner, or a similar official or agency, of a State or territory or the District of.
  • insured  - a servicemember whose life is insured under a policy.
  • insurer  - any firm, corporation, partnership, association, or business that is chartered or authorized to provide insurance and issue contracts or policies by the laws of a State or the United States.
  • insurgency  - Insurgency is the organized use of subversion and violence to seize, nullify or challenge political control of a region. It is a primarily a political and territorial struggle, in which both sides use armed force to create space for their political, economic, and influence activities to be effective. Insurgency is not always conducted by a single group with a centralized, military-style command

  472   structure, but may involve different actors with various aims, loosely connected in networks. Group, Glossary )

  • insurgency  - The organized use of subversion and violence to seize, nullify, or challenge political control of a region. Insurgency can also refer to the group itself.

intangible property and debt instruments means, but is not limited to, trademarks, copyrights, patents and patent applications and such property as loans, notes and other debt instruments, lease agreements, stock and other instruments of property ownership, whether considered tangible or intangible.

  • integral file block  - a distinct component of a file series, that should be maintained as a separate unit in order to ensure the integrity of the records. An integral file block may consist of a set of records covering either a specific topic or a range of time, such as a Presidential administration or a 5-year retirement schedule within a specific file series that is retired from active use as a group. For purposes of automatic declassification, integral file blocks shall contain only records dated within 10 years of the oldest record in the file block.
  • integrate and analyze  - ability to establish key characteristics of, and analyze data, information, and intelligence about, hazards, threats, people, cargo, conveyances, and infrastructure within the domain includes the ability to obtain situational awareness and inform operators and decision- makers about all pertinent aspects of an event or situation.
  • integrated air and missile defense  - The integration of capabilities and overlapping operations to defend the homeland and United States national interests, protect the joint force, and enable freedom of action by negating an adversary’s ability to create adverse effects from their air and missile capabilities. Also called IAMD.
  • integrated border enforcement team  - joint unit composed of U.S. and Canadian law enforcement agencies whose mission is to enhance border integrity and security along the shared Canada/ United States border-between designated ports of entry-by identifying, investigating, and interdicting persons, organizations, and goods that threaten the national security of one or both countries or that are involved in organized criminal activity.
  • integrated construction project team  - group of people with expertise in the areas of sustainable design, energy, environment, commissioning, measurement and verification, water efficiency, facilities, building materials, ventilation and thermal comfort, moisture control, day lighting, indoor air quality, construction waste, and green-building qualifications for the design, construction, commissioning, and operation of a facility project.
  • integrated consumable item support  - A decision support system that takes time-phased force and deployment data and calculates the ability of the Defense Logistics Agency to support those plans. Also called ICIS.
  • Integrated Country Strategies  - The strategic plan developed by each mission overseas that serves as a single multi-year overarching strategy that encapsulates U.S. government policy priorities, objectives, and the means by which diplomatic engagement, foreign assistance, and other tools will be used to achieve them. The ICS is developed through a coordinated whole-of-government planning effort and is used to inform budget decisions, drive operational planning decisions, and shape performance reviews. Also called ICS.
  • integrated data environment/ global transportation network convergence  - The in-transit visibility system of record providing expanded common integrated data and application services enabling a common logistics picture, distribution visibility, and materiel asset/ in-transit visibility for distribution solutions. Also called IGC.

  473

  • integrated design  - method of building and design planning in which all facility stakeholders participate in the design, construction, maintenance, commissioning, and deconstruction phases to properly coordinate all sustainable practices as much as possible.
  • integrated education and training  - a service approach that provides adult education and literacy activities concurrently and contextually with workforce preparation activities and workforce training for a specific occupation or occupational cluster for the purpose of educational and career advancement.
  • integrated English literacy and civics education  - education services provided to English language learners who are adults, including professionals with degrees and credentials in their native countries, that enables such adults to achieve competency in the English language and acquire the basic and more advanced skills needed to function effectively as parents, workers, and citizens in the United States. Such services shall include instruction in literacy and English language acquisition and instruction on the rights and responsibilities of citizenship and civic participation, and may include workforce training.
  • integrated financial operations  - The integration, synchronization, prioritization, and targeting of fiscal resources and capabilities across United States departments and agencies, multinational partners, and nongovernmental organizations against an adversary and in support of the population. Also called IFO.
  • integrated logistic support  - A composite of all the support considerations necessary to assure the effective and economical support of a system for its life cycle. Also called ILS.
  • Integrated Logistics Management System  - A computerized data and tracking system used by the Office of Logistics Management in the Bureau of Administration. Also called ILMS.
  • Integrated Logistics Management System  - A unified, Web-based information system designed to upgrade the State Department supply chain by allowing one-time data entry and shared information. These improvements affect operations in areas such as purchasing, procurement, warehousing, transportation, property management, personal effects, and Diplomatic Pouch and Mail. See lm.a.state.gov. Also called ILMS.
  • Integrated Logistics Management System  - ILMS is a unified Web-based information system designed to upgrade the State Departments supply chain by improving processing in such areas as purchasing, procurement, warehousing, transportation, receiving, property management, personal effects, diplomatic pouch and mail. Also called ILMS.
  • integrated logistics support  - management process, applied throughout the system’s life that bases all programmatic decisions on the anticipated mission-related and economic benefits derived over the system’s life cycle.
  • integrated logistics support plan  - formal acquisition management document that describes the management approach for obtaining a highly supportable capability with an affordable and effective support structure.
  • integrated major acquisition mission need statement  - a document that-
(A) identifies current and projected gaps in Coast Guard mission capabilities using mission hour targets;
(B) explains how each major acquisition program addresses gaps identified under subparagraph (A) if funded at the levels provided for such program in the most recently submitted capital investment plan; and (C) describes the missions the Coast Guard will not be able to achieve, by fiscal year, for each gap identified under subparagraph (A).

  474  

  • integrated materiel management  - The exercise of total Department of Defense-level management responsibility for a federal supply group or class, commodity, or item for a single agency, which normally includes computation of requirements, funding, budgeting, storing, issuing, cataloging, standardizing, and procuring functions. Also called IMM.
  • integrated military forces  - to military forces that are involved in the planning or execution (or both) of operations involving participants from- (A) more than one military department; or(B) a military department and one or more of the following: (i) Other departments and agencies of the United States. (ii) The military forces or agencies of other countries. (iii) Non-governmental persons or entities.
  • integrated partner team  - team established within the DHS requirements definition process that is formed by adding component representatives (especially those with operational perspectives) to a cross functional team; develops Operational Requirements Documents (ORDs).
  • integrated planning  - A systematic, iterative process for understanding a situation, identifying goals and objectives, developing courses of action, allocating resources, integrating activities in space and time, and evaluating progress towards goals. Effective planning requires assessment, coordination among stakeholders, and evaluation and adjustments during the implementation process.
  • integrated priority list  - A list of a combatant commander’s highest priority requirements, prioritized across Service and functional lines, defining shortfalls in key programs that, in the judgment of the combatant commander, adversely affect the capability of the combatant commander’s forces to accomplish their assigned mission. Also called IPL.
  • integrated product/ project team  - multi-disciplinary team composed of representatives from appropriate functional disciplines responsible and accountable for planning, budgeting, procurement and life-cycle management of the investment to achieve its cost, schedule and performance goals working together to carry out an acquisition function may include members from both Government (including a contracting officer) and industry, after award, and may also include members of the user community or different office representatives.
  • integrated project team  - A multi-disciplinary team with experts in project management, resource management, procurement, and other disciplines, as necessary, to evaluate all aspects of the project. The IPTs typically (1) establish or review a baseline inventory of existing assets, (2) analyze and recommend alternative solutions, (3) manage or review the acquisition, if approved, and (4) oversee the asset (or service) once in use.
  • integrated renewable energy system  - a community-wide energy system that- (A) reduces conventional energy use; and (B) increases the use of energy from renewable sources.
  • integrated resource planning  - a planning process for new energy resources that evaluates the full range of alternatives, including new generating capacity, power purchases, energy conservation and efficiency, cogeneration and district heating and cooling applications, and renewable energy resources, in order to provide adequate and reliable service to its electric customers at the lowest system cost. The process shall take into account necessary features for system operation, such as diversity, reliability, dispatchability, and other factors of risk; shall take into account the ability to verify energy savings achieved through energy conservation and efficiency and the projected durability of such savings measured over time; and shall treat demand and supply resources on a consistent and integrated basis.
  • integrated resource planning  - in the case of a gas utility, planning by the use of any standard, regulation, practice, or policy to undertake a systematic comparison between demand-side management measures and the supply of gas by a gas utility to minimize life-cycle costs of adequate and reliable utility services to gas consumers. Integrated resource planning shall take into account

  475 necessary features for system operation such as diversity, reliability, dispatchability, and other factors of risk and shall treat demand and supply to gas consumers on a consistent and integrated basis.

  • integrated risk management  - structured approach that enables the distribution and employment of shared risk information and analysis and the synchronization of independent yet complementary risk management strategies to unify efforts across the enterprise.
  • integrated security managements systems  - web-based personnel security case management tool designed to support the lifecycle of Department (DHS) personnel security and suitability cases to include the capture of information related to background checks, investigations, and final determinations.
  • Integrated Services Digital Network  - A set of communication standards for simultaneous digital transmission of voice, video, data, and other network services over the traditional circuits of the public switched-digital network. Also called ISDN.
  • Integrated Services Digital Network  - A telecommunications standard that can integrate data, voice, and video signals over a digital telephone line. Also called ISDN.
  • integrated staff  - A staff in which one officer only is appointed to each post on the establishment of the headquarters, irrespective of nationality and Service. See also multinational staff; joint staff.
  • integrated test and evaluation  - planning, execution and reporting on the totality of test and evaluation events conducted on a system or equipment throughout the system technology development and acquisition.
  • integrated testing  - collaborative planning and collaborative execution of test phases and events to provide data in support of independent analysis, evaluation, and reporting by all stakeholders, particularly the DT (contractor and government) and OT communities.
  • integrated textbook  - a college textbook that is (A) combined with materials developed by a third party and that, by third-party contractual agreement, may not be offered by publishers separately from the college textbook with which the materials are combined; or (B) combined with other materials that are so interrelated with the content of the college textbook that the separation of the college textbook from the other materials would render the college textbook unusable for its intended purpose.
  • integration  - 1. In force protection, the synchronized transfer of units into an operational commander's force prior to mission execution. 2. The arrangement of military forces and their actions to create a force that operates by engaging as a whole. 3. In photography, a process by which the average radar picture seen on several scans of the time base may be obtained on a print, or the process by which several photographic images are combined into a single image. See also force protection.
  • integration  - the process of providing systems engineering and technical direction for a system for the purpose of achieving capabilities that satisfy program requirements.
  • integration testing  - testing in which software components, hardware components, or both are combined and tested to evaluate the interaction between them.
  • integrity  - Guarding against improper information modification or destruction, and includes ensuring information non-repudiation and authenticity.
  • integrity  - guarding against improper information modification or destruction, and includes ensuring information non-repudiation and authenticity.

  476  

  • integrity  - Safeguards against improper information modification or destruction, including ensuring information non-repudiation and authenticity.
  • integrity  - the state that exists when information is unchanged from its source and has not been accidentally or intentionally modified, altered, or destroyed.
  • integrity information  - guarding against improper information modification or destruction includes ensuring information non-repudiation and authenticity.
  • integrity assurance  - Information in an IT system is protected from unauthorized, unanticipated or unintentional modification or destruction. Integrity assurance also addresses the quality of an IT system reflecting the logical correctness and reliability of the operating system; the logical completeness of the hardware and software implementing the protection mechanisms, and the consistency of the data structures and occurrence of the stored data.
  • intelink-U  - Formerly known as the Open Source Information System (OSIS), Intelink-U is an interagency service provider which is used for information up to the Sensitive But Unclassified (SBU) level.
  • intellectual property  - an invention patentable under title 35, or any patent on such an invention, or any work for which copyright protection is available under title 17.
  • intellectual property  - property rights in intangible creations or expressions of the mind, such as inventions, literary and artistic works, names, images, and designs used in commerce is divided into various categories such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets.
  • intellectual property rights  - copyrights, trademarks, and other forms of intellectual property rights that are enforced by U.S. Customs and Border Protection or U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
  • intelligence  - 1. The product resulting from the collection, processing, integration, evaluation, analysis, and interpretation of available information concerning foreign nations, hostile or potentially hostile forces or elements, or areas of actual or potential operations. 2. The activities that result in the product. 3. The organizations engaged in such activities. See also acoustic intelligence; all-source intelligence; communications intelligence; critical intelligence; domestic intelligence; electronic intelligence; foreign intelligence; foreign instrumentation signals intelligence; general military intelligence; imagery intelligence; joint intelligence; measurement and signature intelligence; medical intelligence; national intelligence; open-source intelligence; operational intelligence; scientific and technical intelligence; strategic intelligence; tactical intelligence; target intelligence; technical intelligence; terrain intelligence.
  • intelligence  - foreign intelligence and counterintelligence as defined by Executive Order 12333 of December 4, 1981, as amended, or by a successor order.
  • intelligence  - foreign intelligence and counterintelligence.
  • intelligence activities  - all activities that elements of the Intelligence Community are authorized to conduct pursuant to law or Executive Order 12333, as amended, or a successor order.
  • intelligence activities  - all activities that elements of the Intelligence Community are authorized to conduct pursuant to this order.
  • intelligence activity  - activity that is an element of the Intelligence Community and authorized to

  477 conduct pursuant to law or Executive Order 12333, as amended, or a successor order. Terms )

  • intelligence agency  - any department, agency, or other entity of the United States involved in intelligence or intelligence-related activities.
  • intelligence analyst  - an individual who regularly advises, administers, supervises, or performs work in the collection, gathering, analysis, evaluation, reporting, production, or dissemination of information on political, economic, social, cultural, physical, geographical, scientific, or military conditions, trends, or forces in foreign or domestic areas that directly or indirectly affect national security.
  • intelligence and analysis analysis  - activity whereby meaning, actual or suggested, is derived through organizing and systematically examining diverse information and applying inductive or deductive logic for the purposes of criminal investigation or assessment. Also called I&A analysis.
  • intelligence and analysis field personnel  - employee of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis (I&A ) assigned, detailed, or deployed to federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial offices physically located outside of I&A Headquarters. Also called I&A field personnel.
  • intelligence and analysis product  - physical manifestation, regardless of form or format, of analytic efforts conducted in furtherance of the I&A mission, which represent the analytic assessment, judgment, or other analytic input of I&A or intelligence personnel, and which are intended for dissemination not included are the informal sharing of raw or unevaluated information, analyst-to- analyst exchanges, products issued by the Intelligence Watch and Warning and which may contain limited analytic content, or the sharing of third-party products. Also called I&A product.
  • intelligence and analysis production plan  - dynamic document or database representing the proposed analytic research of I&A. Also called I&A production plan.
  • intelligence and analysis Regional Director  - senior I&A manager within a geographic region responsible for managing intelligence processes, technologies, and I&A personnel to meet Intelligence Community, DHS, and state, local, tribal and territorial (SLTT) mission requirements. Also called I&A Regional Director.
  • intelligence and analysis use  - person, including DHS or other Federal Government employees assigned or detailed to I&A, contractor or subcontractor personnel assigned to or working in support of I&A, and others as approved by I&A, authorized to use electronic tools (e-mail, intranet, etc.) as part of their assigned official duties. Also called I&A use.
  • intelligence annex  - A supporting document of an operation plan or order that provides detailed information on the enemy situation, assignment of intelligence tasks, and intelligence administrative procedures.
  • intelligence assessment  - an intelligence-related analytical study of a subject of policy significance and does not include building-block papers, research projects, and reference aids.
  • intelligence asset  - Any resource utilized by an intelligence organization for an operational support role.
  • intelligence collection activities  - the collection of foreign intelligence and counterintelligence information.
  • intelligence collection requirement  - specific identified intelligence or information gap pursued through collection operations, intelligence activities, or nominated for collection by the appropriate recipient of the intelligence or information

  478  

  • intelligence community  - All departments or agencies of a government that are concerned with intelligence activity, either in an oversight, managerial, support, or participatory role. Also called IC.
  • Intelligence Community  - an element or agency of the U.S. Government identified in or designated pursuant to the National Security Act of 1947.
  • intelligence community  - certain designated federal government agencies, services, bureaus, or other organizations that play a role in the gathering or use of national intelligence includes a broad range of personnel in government, the private sector and military, both domestic and foreign, including gatherers, analysts, and end-users of intelligence information.
  • intelligence community business system  - an information system, including a national security system, that is operated by, for, or on behalf of an element of the intelligence community, including a financial system, mixed system, financial data feeder system, and the business infrastructure capabilities shared by the systems of the business enterprise architecture, including people, process, and technology, that build upon the core infrastructure used to support business activities, such as acquisition, financial management, logistics, strategic planning and budgeting, installations and environment, and human resource management.

intelligence community business system transformation- (A) the acquisition or development of a new intelligence community business system; or (B) any significant modification or enhancement of an existing intelligence community business system (other than necessary to maintain current services). Intelligence Community Element - any executive agency or unit thereof determined by the President to have as its principal function the conduct of foreign intelligence or counterintelligence activities, including but not limited to the Office of the DNI, the Central Intelligence Agency, the National Security Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, and the National Reconnaissance Office. For purposes of this directive, the term Intelligence Community Element does not include the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

  • intelligence component of the Department  - any element or entity of the Department that collects, gathers, processes, analyzes, produces, or disseminates intelligence information within the scope of the information sharing environment, including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information, or national intelligence, except- (A) the United States Secret Service; and (B) the Coast Guard, when operating under the direct authority of the Secretary of Defense or Secretary of the Navy, except that nothing in this paragraph shall affect or diminish the authority and responsibilities of the Commandant of the Coast Guard to command or control the Coast Guard as an armed force or the authority of the Director of National Intelligence with respect to the Coast Guard as an element of the intelligence community.
  • intelligence database  - The sum of holdings of intelligence data and finished intelligence products at a given organization.
  • intelligence discipline  - A well-defined area of intelligence planning, collection, processing, exploitation, analysis, and reporting using a specific category of technical or human resources. See also counterintelligence; human intelligence; imagery intelligence; intelligence; measurement and signature intelligence; open-source intelligence; signals intelligence; technical intelligence.
  • intelligence estimate  - an appraisal of available intelligence relating to a specific situation or condition with a view to determining the courses of action open to an enemy or potential enemy and the probable order of adoption of such courses of action.
  • intelligence estimate  - The appraisal, expressed in writing or orally, of available intelligence relating to a specific situation or condition with a view to determining the courses of action open to the enemy or

  479 adversary and the order of probability of their adoption. JP 2‐0 )

  • intelligence federation  - A formal agreement in which a combatant command joint intelligence center receives preplanned intelligence support from other joint intelligence centers, Service intelligence organizations, reserve organizations, and national agencies during crisis or contingency operations.
  • intelligence information  - analyzed and synthesized information that is of tactical, operational, or strategic value includes foreign intelligence and counterintelligence information as defined by Executive Order 12333, December 4, 1981, as amended, or by a successor order.
  • intelligence information report  - A formatted message utilized as the primary vehicle for providing human intelligence information to the customer via automated intelligence community databases. Also called IIR.
  • intelligence information report  - A formatted message utilized as the primary vehicle for providing human intelligence information to the customer via automated intelligence community databases. Also called IIR.
  • intelligence information report  - information delivery vehicle used to report raw, unevaluated information related to collection requirements or national intelligence requirements to federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial, partners as well as foreign and private sector consumers, as appropriate.
  • intelligence information report reporter  - DHS personnel authorized to produce intelligence information reports (IIRs).
  • intelligence information sharing environment  - Department approach that facilitates the sharing of terrorism and homeland security information.
  • intelligence interrogation  - The systematic process of using approved interrogation approaches to question a captured or detained person to obtain reliable information to satisfy intelligence requirements, consistent with applicable law.
  • intelligence method  - The method used to provide support to an intelligence source or operation, and which, if disclosed, is vulnerable to counteraction that could nullify or significantly reduce its effectiveness in supporting the foreign intelligence or foreign counterintelligence activities of the United States, or which would, if disclosed, reasonably lead to the disclosure of an intelligence source or operation.
  • intelligence method  - The method used to provide support to an intelligence source or operation, and which, if disclosed, is vulnerable to counteraction that could nullify or significantly reduce its effectiveness in supporting the foreign intelligence or foreign counterintelligence activities of the United States, or which would, if disclosed, reasonably lead to the disclosure of an intelligence source or operation.
  • intelligence mission management  - A systematic process by a joint intelligence staff to proactively and continuously formulate and revise command intelligence requirements, and track the resulting information through the processing, exploitation, and dissemination process to satisfy user requirements. Also called IMM.
  • intelligence operations  - The variety of intelligence and counterintelligence tasks that are carried out by various intelligence organizations and activities within the intelligence process. See also analysis and production; collection; dissemination and integration; evaluation and feedback; planning and direction; processing and exploitation.

  480  

  • intelligence originator  - DHS Component or other department or agency of the United States Government that produced an intelligence product based on information collected in whole or in part by that entity including, but not limited to, elements of the IC).
  • intelligence personnel  - employees, detailees, contractors, and subcontractors assigned to or working on behalf of I&A, regardless of duty location.
  • intelligence planning  - The intelligence component of the Adaptive Planning and Execution system, which coordinates and integrates all available Defense Intelligence Enterprise capabilities to meet combatant commander intelligence requirements. Also called IP.
  • intelligence preparation of the battlespace  - The analytical methodologies employed by the Services or joint force component commands to reduce uncertainties concerning the enemy, environment, time, and terrain. Also called IPB. See also joint intelligence preparation of the operational environment.
  • intelligence process  - The process by which information is converted into intelligence and made available to users, consisting of the six interrelated intelligence operations: planning and direction, collection, processing and exploitation, analysis and production, dissemination and integration, and evaluation and feedback. See also analysis and production; collection; dissemination and integration; evaluation and feedback; intelligence; planning and direction; processing and exploitation.
  • intelligence product  - physical manifestation, regardless of form of format, of analytic efforts conducted in furtherance of an intelligence activity, which represent the analytic assessment, judgment, or other analytic output of intelligence personnel, and which are intended for dissemination.
  • intelligence production  - The integration, evaluation, analysis, and interpretation of information from single or multiple sources into finished intelligence for known or anticipated military and related national security consumer requirements.
  • intelligence questions  - current questions of concern (by strategic leaders or operational commanders ) about the homeland security threat or operational environment, which must be answered through the collection or production of intelligence.
  • intelligence report  - A specific report of information, usually on a single item, made at any level of command in tactical operations and disseminated as rapidly as possible in keeping with the timeliness of the information.
  • intelligence reporting  - Intelligence information prepared by the collector and transmitted to one or more intelligence-producing components.
  • intelligence reporting  - Intelligence information prepared by the collector and transmitted to one or more intelligence-producing components.
  • intelligence requirement  - 1. Any subject, general or specific, upon which there is a need for the collection of information, or the production of intelligence. 2. A requirement for intelligence to fill a gap in the command’s knowledge or understanding of the operational environment or threat forces. Also called IR. See also intelligence; priority intelligence requirement.
  • intelligence source  - A person, organization, or technical means which provides foreign intelligence or foreign counterintelligence and which, if its identity or capability is disclosed, is vulnerable to counteraction that could nullify or significantly reduce its effectiveness in providing foreign intelligence or foreign counterintelligence to the United States. An intelligence source also means a

  481 person or organization that provides foreign intelligence or foreign counterintelligence to the United States only on the condition that its identity remains undisclosed.

  • intelligence source  - The means or system that can be used to observe and record information relating to the condition, situation, or activities of a targeted location, organization, or individual. See also intelligence; source.
  • intelligence special access program  - special access program established primarily to protect the planning and execution of especially sensitive intelligence or counterintelligence operations or collection activities.
  • intelligence system  - Any formal or informal system to manage data gathering, to obtain and process the data, to interpret the data, and to provide reasoned judgments to decision makers as a basis for action.
  • intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance  - An activity that synchronizes and integrates the planning and operation of sensors, assets, and processing, exploitation, and dissemination systems in direct support of current and future operations. This is an integrated intelligence and operations function. Also called ISR. See also intelligence; intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance visualization; reconnaissance; surveillance.
  • intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance visualization  - The capability to graphically display the current and future locations of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance sensors, their projected platform tracks, vulnerability to threat capabilities and meteorological and oceanographic phenomena, fields of regard, tasked collection targets, and products to provide a basis for dynamic retasking and time-sensitive decision making. Also called ISR visualization. See also intelligence; intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance; reconnaissance; surveillance.
  • intelligence/ investigations  - Different from operational and situational intelligence gathered and reported by the Planning Section. Intelligence/ investigations gathered within the Intelligence/ Investigations function is information that either leads to the detection, prevention, apprehension, and prosecution of criminal activities (or the individual(s) involved), including terrorist incidents, or information that leads to determination of the cause of a given incident (regardless of the source) such as public health events or fires with unknown origins.
  • intelligence-led policing  - the collection and analysis of information to produce an intelligence end product designed to inform law enforcement decision making at the tactical and strategic level.
  • intelligence-related activities  - Those activities outside the consolidated defense intelligence program that: respond to operational commanders’ tasking for time-sensitive information on foreign entities; respond to national intelligence community tasking of systems whose primary mission is support to operating forces; train personnel for intelligence duties; provide an intelligence reserve; or are devoted to research and development of intelligence or related capabilities. (Specifically excluded are programs that are so closely integrated with a weapon system that their primary function is to provide immediate-use targeting data. )
  • intelligent transportation infrastructure  - fully integrated public sector intelligent transportation system components, as defined by the Secretary.
  • intelligent transportation system and ITS  - electronics, photonics, communications, or information processing used singly or in combination to improve the efficiency or safety of a surface transportation system.
  • intended victim  - target of credible and specific information indicating an impending threat of intentional killing, serious bodily injury, or kidnapping directed at a person or group of people, an institution,

  482   place of business, structure, or location includes both U.S. persons, as defined in EO 12333, and non-U.S. persons. Terms )

  • intent  - determination to achieve an objective.
  • intentional hazard  - source of harm, duress, or difficulty created by a deliberate action or a planned course of action.
  • intentional killing  - deliberate killing of a specific person or group of persons.
  • intentional misconduct  - conduct by a person with knowledge (at the time of the conduct) that the conduct is harmful to the health or well-being of another person.
  • inter/ intra Agency Agreement  - Refers to an Economy Act agreement representing a valid obligation against the ordering agency's appropriations which authorizes one agency to perform services or provide items to another agency either directly or by contract with a private party. (See Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) / Memorandum of Agreement (MOA).) Also called IAA.
  • interactive computer service  - any information service, system, or access software provider that provides or enables computer access by multiple users to a computer server, including specifically a service or system that provides access to the Internet and such systems operated or services offered by libraries or educational institutions.
  • interactive data format  - an electronic data format in which pieces of information are identified using an interactive data standard.

interactive data standard -   standardized list of electronic tags that mark information included in the annual report of a resource extraction issuer.

  • interagency  - Of or pertaining to United States Government agencies and departments, including the Department of Defense. See also interagency coordination.
  • interagency acquisition  - a procedure by which an agency needing supplies or services (the requesting agency) obtains them from another agency (the servicing agency), by an assisted acquisition or a direct acquisition. The term includes — (1) Acquisitions under the Economy Act; and (2) Non- Economy Act acquisitions completed under other statutory authorities, (e.g., General Services Administration Federal Supply Schedules and Governmentwide acquisition contracts (GWACs)).
  • interagency agreement  - for the purposes of this document, a written agreement entered into between two or more Federal agencies that specifies the goods to be furnished or tasks to be accomplished by one agency (the servicing agency) in support of the other(s) (the requesting agency), including assisted acquisitions as described in OMB Memorandum: Improving the Management and Use of Interagency Acquisitions and other cases.
  • interagency agreement  - the financial details of an order, terms of reimbursement, itemized costs, and financial obligations when one agency performs services or provides items to another agency. Services and items are either provided directly or by contract with a private party then charged for reimbursement. An IAA is often used with a corresponding Memorandum of Agreement (MOA), which describes the general terms and conditions (GT&C) of the service. All parties must agree to the IAAs terms and conditions, and an authorized official from each agency involved must sign it. Also called IAA.
  • interagency coordination  - Within the context of Department of Defense involvement, the coordination

  483 that occurs between elements of Department of Defense, and engaged US Government agencies and departments for the purpose of achieving an objective.Dictionary, JP 3‐0 )

  • interagency coordination  - Within the context of DoD involvement, the coordination that occurs between elements of DoD, and engaged USG organizations for the purpose of achieving an objective.

interchange- (A) the act of providing intermodal equipment to a motor carrier pursuant to an intermodal equipment interchange agreement for the purpose of transporting the equipment for loading or unloading by any person or repositioning the equipment for the benefit of the equipment provider; but (B) does not include the leasing of equipment to a motor carrier for primary use in the motor carrier's freight hauling operations.

  • intercity rail passenger transportation  - rail passenger transportation, except commuter rail passenger transportation.
  • interconnection  - The linking of two distinct networks.
  • interconnection security agreement  - An agreement established between the organizations that own and operate connected IT systems to document the technical requirements of the interconnection. The ISA also supports a Memorandum of Understanding or Agreement (MOU/ A) between the organizations. Also called ISA.
  • interconnection security agreement  - An Interconnection Security Agreement (ISA) documents and formalizes a network or communications interconnection between parties and specifies any security safeguards needed to protect the interconnected systems. An ISA supports the MOA or Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the parties.
  • interconnection service agreement  - agreement between system owners that facilitates the direct connection of two or more information technology (IT) systems for the purpose of sharing data and other information resources implements a memorandum of agreement or letter of intent by describing the purposes of interconnecting the IT systems, identifying the terms under which interconnection may occur, and the methods and levels of interconnectivity, and addressing potential security risks associated with such interconnection.
  • intercontinental ballistic missile  - A land-based, long-range ballistic missile with a range capability greater than 3,000 nautical miles. Also called ICBM.
  • interdependency  - mutually reliant relationship between entities (objects, persons, or groups)a relationship where the consequences of a positive or an adverse event affecting one will have cascading effects upon others.
  • interdiction  — 1. An action to divert, disrupt, delay, or destroy the enemy’s military surface capability before it can be used effectively against friendly forces, or to achieve enemy objectives. 2. In support of law enforcement, activities conducted to divert, disrupt, delay, intercept, board, detain, or destroy, under lawful authority, vessels, vehicles, aircraft, people, cargo, and money. See also air interdiction.
  • interdiction  - 1. An action to divert, disrupt, delay, or destroy the enemy’s military surface capability before it can be used effectively against friendly forces, or to otherwise achieve objectives. 2. In support of law enforcement, activities conducted to divert, disrupt, delay, intercept, board, detain, or destroy, under lawful authority, vessels, vehicles, aircraft, people, cargo, and money. See also air interdiction.

  484  

  • interdiction  - in support of law enforcement, activities conducted to divert, disrupt, delay, intercept, board, detain, or destroy, as appropriate, vessels, vehicles, aircraft, people, and cargo.
  • interest  - A charge assessed that compensates the Government for the loss of use of funds when the debt is not paid timely. It accrues from the date of the delinquency.
  • interest  - service charges, renewal charges, fees, or any other charges (except bona fide insurance) with respect to an obligation or liability.
  • interest in land  - any ownership or possessory right with respect to real property, including ownership in fee, an easement, a leasehold, and any subsurface or mineral rights.
  • interested parties  - For purposes of challenging the contents of an agency’s commercial activities inventory pursuant to the Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act, an interested party is (1) a private sector source that is an actual or prospective offeror for a contract or other form of agreement to perform the activity and has a direct economic interest in performing the activity that would be adversely affected by a determination not to procure the performance of the activity from a private sector source; (2) a representative of any business or professional association that includes within its membership private sector sources referred to in (1) above; (3) an officer or employee of an organization within an executive agency that is an actual or prospective offeror to perform the activity; (4) the head of any labor organization.

interested party- (A) a foreign manufacturer, producer, or exporter, or the United States importer, of subject merchandise or a trade or business association a majority of the members of which are producers, exporters, or importers of such merchandise, (B) the government of a country in which such merchandise is produced or manufactured or from which such merchandise is exported, (C) a manufacturer, producer, or wholesaler in the United States of a domestic like product, (D) a certified union or recognized union or group of workers which is representative of an industry engaged in the manufacture, production, or wholesale in the United States of a domestic like product, (E) a trade or business association a majority of whose members manufacture, produce, or wholesale a domestic like product in the United States, (F) an association, a majority of whose members is composed of interested parties described in subparagraph (C), (D), or (E) with respect to a domestic like product, and (G) in any investigation under this subtitle involving an industry engaged in producing a processed agricultural product, as defined in paragraph (4)(E), a coalition or trade association which is representative of either- (i) processors, (ii) processors and producers, or (iii) processors and growers, but this subparagraph shall cease to have effect if the United States Trade Representative notifies the administering authority and the Commission that the application of this subparagraph is inconsistent with the international obligations of the United States.

  • intergovernmental affairs  - Department of Homeland Security Support Component that facilitates timely and meaningful consultation by the Department and its agencies with state, local, tribal, and territorial partners.
  • intergovernmental organization  - A group created by a formal agreement, such as a treaty, between two or more governments and established on a global, regional, or functional basis for wide-ranging or narrowly defined purposes; formed to protect and promote national interests shared by member states. Examples include the United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and the African Union.
  • intergovernmental organization  - An organization created by a formal agreement between two or more governments on a global, regional, or functional basis to protect and promote national interests shared by member states. Also called IGO.
  • intergovernmental training  - training provided by the Federal Government which permits the

  485 attendance of employees from state and local governments, Indian tribes and tribal organizations, and Alaskan native villagers.Lexicon, Terms )

  • interim acknowledgment  - Short response acknowledging receipt of inquiry with date to expect final reply.
  • interim contact  - the ability of a left-behind parent to communicate with or visit an abducted child during the pendency of an abduction case.
  • interim controls  - a set of measures designed to reduce temporarily human exposure or likely exposure to lead-based paint hazards, including specialized cleaning, repairs, maintenance, painting, temporary containment, ongoing monitoring of lead-based paint hazards or potential hazards, and the establishment and operation of management and resident education programs.
  • interim employee performance rating  - written assessment when either the employee or rating official leaves their position before the end of the performance appraisal period.
  • interim measure  - any short-term method for the management of sewage sludge or industrial waste, which- (A) is used before implementation of an alternative system; and (B) does not require a permit under this Act.
  • interim services  - services for reducing the adverse health effects of such abuse, for promoting the health of the individual, and for reducing the risk of transmission of disease, which services are provided until the individual is admitted to such a program.
  • interlibrary loan  - process by which a library requests materials from, or supplies materials to, another library.
  • intermediary country  - a country that exports raw or worked ivory that does not originate in that country.
  • intermediate cost objective  - a cost objective that is used to accumulate indirect costs or service center costs that are subsequently allocated to one or more indirect cost pools and/ or final cost objectives.
  • intermediate ingredient or feedstock  - a material or compound made in whole or in significant part from biological products, including renewable agricultural materials (including plant, animal, and marine materials) or forestry materials, that are subsequently used to make a more complex compound or product.

intermediate level service school- (A) The United States Army Command and General Staff College.(B) The College of Naval Command and Staff.(C) The Air Command and Staff College. (D) The Marine Corps Command and Staff College.

  • intermediate material  - a material that is self-produced, used in the production of a good, and designated.
  • intermediate military objective  - The measurable objectives that directly contribute to the achievement of theater or functional end states. They reflect objectives achievable by the command within the 5 year timeframe of a campaign plan. Also called IMO.
  • intermediate recovery IT service  - restoration of critical information technology systems and services within 24 to 72 hours.
  • intermediate staging base  - A tailorable, temporary location used for staging forces, sustainment and/ or

  486   extraction into and out of an operational area. Also called ISB. See also base; staging base. JP 3‐35 )

  • intermediate-range ballistic missile  - A land-based ballistic missile with a range capability from 1,500 to 3,000 nautical miles. Also called IRBM.
  • Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty  - The Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialists Republics on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter- Range Missiles entered into force on June 1, 1988. The Treaty is of unlimited duration. Also called INF Treaty.
  • intermittent parking permit  - A permit that is to be used by employees either coming to the Harry S Truman building or traveling to outside annexes for meetings and not as a supplement to each bureau's individual allotment. This pass requires a letter of justification from the respective bureau executive office.
  • intermodal  - freight transit system that permits transshipping of cargo among sea, highway, rail and air modes of transportation through use of standardized containers, line-haul assets and handling equipment.
  • intermodal  - Type of international freight system that permits transshipping among sea, highway, rail, and air modes of transportation through use of American National Standards Institute and International Organization for Standardization containers, line-haul assets, and handling equipment.
  • intermodal equipment  - trailing equipment that is used in the intermodal transportation of containers over public highways ininterstate commerce, including trailers and chassis.
  • intermodal equipment interchange agreement  - the Uniform Intermodal Interchange and Facilities Access Agreement or any other written document executed by an intermodal equipment provider or its agent and a motor carrier or its agent, the primary purpose of which is to establish the responsibilities and liabilities of both parties with respect to the interchange of the intermodal equipment.
  • intermodal equipment provider  - any person that interchanges intermodal equipment with a motor carrier pursuant to a written interchange agreement or has a contractual responsibility for the maintenance of the intermodal equipment.
  • intermodal transportation  - the successive transportation of a loaded container or trailer from its place of origin to its place of destination by more than one mode of transportation in interstate or foreign commerce, whether under a single bill of lading or under separate bills of lading.
  • intermunicipal agency  - an agency established by two or more municipalities with responsibility for planning or administration of solid waste.
  • internal assessment environmental compliance  - assessment conducted by personnel directly associated with the evaluated activities.
  • internal audience  - In public affairs, United States military members and Department of Defense civilian employees and their immediate families. See also external audience; public.
  • internal control  - A process, effected by an entity's management and other personnel, designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the achievement of objectives in the following categories - Effectiveness and efficiency of operations; Reliability of financial reporting; and Compliance with applicable laws and regulations.

  487

  • internal control  - a process, effected by an entity's management and other personnel, designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the achievement of objectives in the following categories: (1) Effectiveness and efficiency of operations; (2) Reliability of financial reporting; and (3) Compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
  • internal control  - The steps taken to provide reasonable assurance that obligations and costs are in compliance with applicable law; funds, property, and other assets are safeguarded; revenues and expenditures applicable to Departmental operations are properly recorded and accounted for; and programs are efficiently and effectively carried out in accordance with law and management policy.

internal control pertaining to the compliance requirements for Federal programs (Internal control

  • over Federal programs)  - A process by which an entity's management and other personnel provide reasonable assurance regarding the achievement of the following objectives for Federal programs - Transactions are properly recorded and accounted for, to permit the preparation of reliable financial statements and Federal reports; maintain accountability over assets; and demonstrate compliance with laws, regulations, and other compliance requirements. Transactions are executed in compliance with laws, regulations, and the provisions of contracts or grant agreements that could have a direct and material effect on a Federal program; any other laws and regulations that are identified in the compliance supplement; and safeguarding funds, property, and other assets against loss from unauthorized use or disposition.

internal control pertaining to the compliance requirements for Federal programs (Internal control

  • over Federal programs)  - a process--effected by an entity's management and other personnel-- designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the achievement of the following objectives for Federal programs: (1) Transactions are properly recorded and accounted for to: (i) Permit the preparation of reliable financial statements and Federal reports; (ii) Maintain accountability over assets; and (iii) Demonstrate compliance with laws, regulations, and other compliance requirements; (2) Transactions are executed in compliance with: (i) Laws, regulations, and the provisions of contracts or grant agreements that could have a direct and material effect on a Federal program; and (ii) Any other laws and regulations that are identified in the compliance supplement; and (3) Funds, property, and other assets are safeguarded against loss from unauthorized use or disposition.
  • internal control standards  - The standards issued by the Comptroller General, as revised, to establish, maintain, and evaluate systems of management control. These are applicable to all Department operations and administrative functions but are not intended to limit or interfere with duly granted authority related to developing legislation, rulemaking, or other discretionary policymaking.
  • internal control/ management control  - The plan of organization, policies, and procedures adopted by management to provide reasonable assurance that throughout all organizational elements and activities of the Department, the objectives of management are achieved and the integrity of the programs are safeguarded. The internal control objectives, which are enumerated in the FMFIA, are summarized as follows- (1) Obligations and costs comply with applicable law and regulations; (2) Assets are safeguarded against waste, loss, unauthorized use, and misappropriation; (3) Revenues and expenditures applicable to agency operations are recorded and accounted for properly so that accounts and reliable financial and statistical reports may be prepared and accountability of the assets may be maintained; and (4) Programs are efficiently and effectively carried out in accordance with applicable law and management policy.
  • internal controls  - the organization, policies, procedures, actions, and activities that management implements to achieve results and safeguard the integrity of their programs. Internal control is an integral component of an organization’s management that provides reasonable assurance that the following objectives are being achieved: effectiveness and efficiency of operations; reliability of financial reporting; and compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Internal controls may be assessed at the entity level as well as at the process, transaction, or application level. Entity level refers to the highest organizational level in which the internal controls have an overarching or

  488   pervasive effect on the agency. Specific areas of internal control that should be evaluated at the entity level include the control environment, risk assessment, control activities, information and communication, and monitoring.

  • internal defense and development  - The full range of measures taken by a nation to promote its growth and to protect itself from subversion, lawlessness, insurgency, terrorism, and other threats to its security. Also called IDAD. See also foreign internal defense.
  • internal fund code financial  - agency defined code used to identify an individual appropriation or fund account for internal reporting.
  • internal rate of return  - The discount rate that sets the net present value of the stream of net benefits equal to zero. The internal rate of return may have multiple values when the stream of net benefits alternates from negative to positive more than once.
  • internal relocation  - An action taken where Department personnel and visitors are directed to remain within a building but move to a previously unidentified location of away from the danger (e.g., a conference room or auditorium on the opposite side where the danger is occurring) as a safety precaution because of outside threats. A direction to move to an internal location may occur with little or no warning.
  • internal security  - The state of law and order prevailing within a nation.
  • internal system/ network  - A system/ network where- (i) the establishment, maintenance, and provisioning of security controls are under the direct control of organizational employees or contractors; or (ii) cryptographic encapsulation or similar security technology provides the same effect.
  • internally displaced person  - Any person who has been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their home or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized state border. Also called IDP.
  • international criminal court  - the court established by the Rome Statute.
  • international agreement  - a comprehensive agreement concluded through negotiations at the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, relating to (among other matters) the exploration for and commercial recovery of hard mineral resources and the establishment of an international regime for the regulation thereof.
  • International Air Transport Association  - The International Air Transport Association is an international industry trade group of airlines headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The main objective of the organization is to assist airline companies to achieve lawful competition and uniformity in prices. They also regulate the shipping of dangerous goods and publish the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations manual, a globally accepted field source reference for airlines shipping hazardous materials. Also called IATA.
  • International Atomic Energy Agency  - The international organization established by treaty (the IAEA Statute) in 1957 to promote peaceful uses of nuclear energy and apply safeguards against its diversion to military purposes. Also called IAEA.
  • International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards  - the safeguards set forth in an agreement between a country and the International Atomic Energy Agency, as authorized by Article III(A)(5) of the

  489 Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Also called IAEA safeguards. §6305 )

  • international boundaries  - data includes both textual information to describe, and GIS digital cartographic data to depict, both land and maritime international boundaries, other lines of separation, limits, zones, enclaves/ exclaves and special areas between States and dependencies.
  • international business  - profit-oriented business relationships conducted across national boundaries and includes activities such as the buying and selling of goods, investments in industries, the licensing of processes, patents and trademarks, and the supply of services.
  • international chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear response  - A United States Government activity that assists a foreign government in responding to the effects from an intentional, naturally occurring, or accidental chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear incident on foreign territory to save and sustain lives, stabilize the situation, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs. Also called ICBRN-R.
  • international chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear response  - United States Government activity that assists foreign governments in responding to the effects from an intentional or accidental chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear incident on foreign territory. Also called ICBRN-R.
  • international conformity assessment procedure  - a conformity assessment procedure that is adopted by an international standards organization.
  • international convention for safe containers  - A convention held in Geneva, Switzerland, on 2 Dec 1972, which resulted in setting standard safety requirements for containers moving in international transport. These requirements were ratified by the United States on 3 January 1978. Also called CSC.

international cooperative activity- (A) coordinated research projects, joint research projects, or joint ventures;
(B) joint studies or technical demonstrations;
(C) coordinated field exercises, scientific seminars, conferences, symposia, and workshops; (D) training of scientists and engineers;
(E) visits and exchanges of scientists, engineers, or other appropriate personnel;
(F) exchanges or sharing of scientific and technological information; and
(G) joint use of laboratory facilities and equipment.

  • international cooperative administrative support services  - A customer-driven, voluntary interagency mechanism for managing and funding administrative support services abroad. It gives posts the authority to determine how services are delivered, at what cost and by whom; ensures that service providers are formally accountable to the customer; and incorporates a full-cost recovery system through a no-year working capital fund (WCF). Also called ICASS.
  • international cooperative administrative support services  - An interagency program administered by the Department of State through which the U.S. Government provides and shares the cost of common administrative support services. ICASS uses a cost-distribution system based on per capita counts, actual workload counts (such as number of kilometers driven), and other distribution factors (such as square meters occupied, or number of telephone instruments serviced) to share administrative support costs among participating agencies. Also called ICASS.
  • international cooperative administrative support services  - ICASS is a customer-driven, voluntary interagency system for managing and funding administrative support services abroad; gives posts the authority to determine how services are delivered at what cost and by whom; has customer service standards established by the post, with the service provider formally accountable to the customer; and incorporates a full-cost recovery system through a no-year working capital fund.

  490   Also called ICASS.

  • international cooperative administrative support services  - It is the policy of the Department of State to provide shared administrative services for U.S. Government agencies at posts abroad using a voluntary interagency mechanism for managing and funding those services, and using a full-cost recovery system which is transparent, fair, and equitable. ICASS applies to the management and funding of all shared administrative services abroad and related costs at participating agencies headquarters. ICASS involves all participating U.S. Government agencies at all posts. Also called ICASS.
  • international cooperative administrative support services costs  - Costs that cannot be directly attributed to an agency and are distributed via ICASS as either post-obligated costs or nonpost- obligated costs (refer to 6 FAH-5 H-300, Definitions). ICASS costs, if applicable, must be discussed in advance and incorporated into the DETO Agreement. Also called ICASS costs.
  • international cyber criminal  - an individual-
(1) who is believed to have committed a cybercrime or intellectual property crime against the interests of the United States or the citizens of the United States; and (2) for whom- (A) an arrest warrant has been issued by a judge in the United States; or (B) an international wanted notice (commonly referred to as a Red Notice) has been circulated by Interpol.
  • International Direct Distance Dialing  - A tariffed service to assess telephone charges for long-distance international calls. The Department uses a commercial ID3 long-distance service, and callers dial a special access number to access commercial trunks. Also called ID3.
  • international financial institution  - the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction.

international financial institution- (1) the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Development Association, and the International Monetary Fund;(2) wherever applicable, the Inter-American Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the African Development Bank, and the African Development Fund; and (3) any similar institution established after April 24, 1996.

  • international financial institution  - the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Development Association, the International Finance Corporation, the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, the Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, the African Development Fund, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Inter-American Investment Corporation, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and the Bank for Economic Cooperation and Development in the Middle East and North Africa.
  • international financial institution  - the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Development Association, the International Finance Corporation, the Multilateral Investment Guaranty Agency, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

international investment- (A) the ownership or control, directly or indirectly, by contractual commitment or otherwise, by foreign persons of any interest in property in the United States, or of stock, other securities, or short- and long-term debt obligations of a United States person, and (B) the ownership or control, directly or indirectly, by contractual commitment or otherwise, by United States persons of any interest in property outside the United States, or of stock, other securities, or short-and long-term debt obligations of a foreign person.   491

  • international marriage broker  - a corporation, partnership, business, individual, or other legal entity, whether or not organized under any law of the United States, that charges fees for providing dating, matrimonial, matchmaking services, or social referrals between United States citizens or nationals or aliens lawfully admitted to the United States as permanent residents and foreign national clients by providing personal contact information or otherwise facilitating communication between individuals.
  • international military education and training  - Formal or informal instruction provided to foreign military students, units, and forces on a nonreimbursable (grant) basis by offices or employees of the United States, contract technicians, and contractors. Instruction may include correspondence courses; technical, educational, or informational publications; and media of all kinds. Also called IMET. See also United States Military Service funded foreign training.

international organization- (1) a public international organization designated as such pursuant to the International Organizations Immunities Act or a public international organization created pursuant to a treaty or other international agreement as an instrument through or by which two or more foreign governments engage in some aspect of their conduct of international affairs; and (2) an official mission (other than a United States mission) to such a public international organization, including any real property of such an organization or mission and including the personnel of such an organization or mission. international organization- (A) A public international organization designated as being entitled to enjoy the privileges, exemptions, and immunities. (B) A public international organization created pursuant to a treaty or other international agreement as an instrument through or by which two or more foreign governments engage in some aspect of their conduct of international affairs. (C) An official mission, except a United States mission, to a public international organization.

  • international organization  - a public international organization or international-organization preparatory commission in which the Government of the United States participates.
  • international organization  - a public international organization in which the United States participates pursuant to any treaty or under the authority of any Act of Congress authorizing such participation or making an appropriation for such participation, and which shall have been designated by the President through appropriate Executive order as being entitled to enjoy the privileges, exemptions, and immunities. The President shall be authorized, in the light of the functions performed by any such international organization, by appropriate Executive order to withhold or withdraw from any such organization or its officers or employees any of the privileges, exemptions, and immunities or to condition or limit the enjoyment by any such organization or its officers or employees of any such privilege, exemption, or immunity. The President shall be authorized, if in his judgment such action should be justified by reason of the abuse by an international organization or its officers and employees of the privileges, exemptions, and immunities provided in this subchapter or for any other reason, at any time to revoke the designation of any international organization, whereupon the international organization in question shall cease to be classed as an international organization.
  • international organization  - An organization with an international membership, scope, or presence.

international organization providing commercial communications services- (A) the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization established pursuant to the Agreement Relating to the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization; and (B) the International Mobile Satellite Organization established pursuant to the Convention on the International Maritime Satellite Organization.

  • international partner astronaut  - an individual designated under Article 11 of the International Space Station Intergovernmental Agreement, by a partner to that agreement other than the United States, as

  492   qualified to serve as an International Space Station crew member. 51, §50902 )

  • International Space Station Intergovernmental Agreement  - the Agreement Concerning Cooperation on the International Space Station, signed at Washington January 29, 1998.
  • international standard  - a standard, guideline, or recommendation-(A) regarding food safety, adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, including a standard, guideline, or recommendation regarding decomposition elaborated by the Codex Committee on Fish and Fishery Products, food additives, contaminants, hygienic practice, and methods of analysis and sampling; (B) regarding animal health and zoonoses, developed under the auspices of the International Office of Epizootics; (C) regarding plant health, developed under the auspices of the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention in cooperation with the North American Plant Protection Organization; or (D) established by or developed under any other international organization agreed to by the NAFTA countries or by the WTO members.
  • international standard  - any standard that is promulgated by an international standards organization.
  • international standard or recommendation  - an engineering standard or recommendation which is (A ) formulated and promulgated by an international organization and (B) recommended for adoption by individual nations as a national standard.
  • international standards organization  - any organization-(A) the membership of which is open to representatives, whether public or private, of the United States and at least all Members; and(B) that is engaged in international standards-related activities.
  • international standard-setting organization  - an organization consisting of representatives of 2 or more countries, the purpose of which is to negotiate, develop, promulgate, or amend an international standard.
  • international standards-related activity  - the negotiation, development, or promulgation of, or any amendment or change to, an international standard, or an international conformity assessment procedure, or both.
  • international student  - A student undertaking academic study outside of his or her native country.
  • international student  - an individual who (A) is not a citizen or national of, or lawfully admitted for permanent residence in, the United States; (B) does not provide evidence from the Immigration and Naturalization Service that he or she is in the United States for other than temporary purposes with the intention of becoming a citizen of, or lawfully admitted for permanent residence in, the United States; and (C) is not lawfully admitted for permanent residence in American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands.
  • international supply chain  - the end-to-end process for shipping goods to or from the United States beginning at the point of origin (including manufacturer, supplier, or vendor) through a point of distribution to the destination.
  • international terrorism  - activities that (1) involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that violate domestic criminal law or would violate such law if committed in the United States or a State, local, or tribal jurisdiction; (2) appear to be intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion, or to affect the conduct of a government by assassination or kidnapping; and (3) occur totally outside the United States, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons

  493 they appear intended to coerce or intimidate, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum.

  • international terrorism  - activities that (A) involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or of any State; (B) appear to be intended—
(i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
(ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or
(iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and (C) occur primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum.
  • international terrorism  - activities that—
(1) involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or any State; (2) appear to be intended—
(A) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
(B) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (C) to affect the conduct of a government by assassination or kidnapping; and(3) occur totally outside the United States, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to coerce or intimidate, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum.
  • international terrorism  - terrorism involving citizens or the territory of more than 1 country.

international trade- (A) trade in both goods and services, and (B) foreign direct investment by United States persons, especially if such investment has implications for trade in goods and services.

  • international visitor  - All participants in the International Visitor Leadership Program are known as international visitors(IVs). Where the terms participant or visitor are used in this text, they are interchangeable.
  • International Voice Gateway  - An international telephone network administered by DTS-PO directly linking Washington foreign affairs agency headquarters with field offices abroad via dedicated voice circuitry. The IVG Network also provides connectivity to the Department of State's Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) at Beltsville, MD. Also called IVG.
  • international voyage  - a voyage by a vessel entitled to fly the flag of one country to or from a port, shipyard, offshore terminal, or other place under the jurisdiction of another country.
  • internationalization of curricula  - the incorporation of international or comparative perspectives in existing courses of study or the addition of new components to the curricula to provide an international context for American business education.
  • internationally recognized core labor standards  - the core labor standards only as stated in the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Follow-Up (1998).

internationally recognized worker rights- (A) the right of association;(B) the right to organize and bargain collectively;(C) a prohibition on the use of any form of forced or compulsory labor;(D) a minimum age for the employment of children, and a prohibition on the worst forms of child labor, as defined in paragraph (6); and (E) acceptable conditions of work with respect to minimum wages, hours of work, and occupational safety and health.

  • internet  - A worldwide system of computer networks. The Internet is a collection of large, medium, and

  494   small networks interconnected to form a robust, self-sustaining digital communications facility. FAM 713 )

  • internet  - publically accessible network of web content.
  • internet  – the international computer network of both Federal and non-Federal interoperable packet switched data networks.
  • internet (lower-case i)  - Any time you connect 2 or more networks together, you have an internet.
  • internet (upper-case I)  - The commonly accepted name for the vast collection of interconnected networks that all use the TCP/ IP protocols and that evolved from the ARPANET of the late 60s and early 70s. The Internet has no access controls and is publicly accessible.
  • Internet Protocol address  - An identifier for a computer or device on a network employing Transmission-Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol (TCP/ IP). Networks using the TCP/ IP protocol route messages based on the IP address of the destination. The format of an IP address is a 32-bit numeric address written as four numbers separated by periods. Each number can be 0 (zero) to 255. The local IP address of your computer is 127.0.0.1. Also called IP address.
  • interoperability  - 1. The ability to operate in synergy in the execution of assigned tasks. 2. The condition achieved among communications-electronics systems or items of communications- electronics equipment when information or services can be exchanged directly and satisfactorily between them and/ or their users.
  • interoperability  - a system that enables program benefits in the form of an electronic benefit transfer card to be redeemed in any State.
  • interoperability  - ability of systems, personnel, and equipment to provide and receive functionality, data, information and/ or services to and from other systems, personnel, and equipment, between both public and private agencies, departments, and other organizations, in a manner enabling them to operate effectively together in the realm of information technology, refers to the ability of computer different systems or databases to exchange data in a commonly understood format and the ability to act upon such data without manual intervention.
  • interoperability  - The ability of emergency management/ response personnel to interact and work well together. In the context of technology, interoperability also refers to having an emergency communications system that is the same or is linked to the same system that a jurisdiction uses for nonemergency procedures, and that effectively interfaces with national standards as they are developed. The system should allow the sharing of data with other jurisdictions and levels of government during planning and deployment.
  • Interoperability  - The ability of systems, units, or forces to provide services to and to accept services from other systems, units, or forces, and to enable the services to operate effectively together. As applied to the Department of Defense only, the condition achieved among communications- electronics systems or items of communications-electronics equipment when information or services can be exchanged directly and satisfactorily between them and/ or their users. The degree of interoperability should be defined when referring to specific cases.
  • interoperability  - the ability of the program to electronically share reported information, including each of the required report components, with another State if the information concerns either the dispensing of a controlled substance to an ultimate user who resides in such other State, or the dispensing of a controlled substance prescribed by a practitioner whose principal place of business is

  495 located in such other State.

  • interoperability  - the ability to communicate and exchange data accurately, effectively, securely, and consistently with different information technology systems, software applications, and networks in various settings, and exchange data such that clinical or operational purpose and meaning of the data are preserved and unaltered.
  • interoperability  - to the ability of two or more systems or components to exchange information and to use the information that has been exchanged.
  • interoperable  - the ability of civil U.S. and foreign space-based positioning, navigation, and timing services to be used together to provide better capabilities at the user level than would be achieved by relying solely on one service or signal.
  • interpretation  - A part of the analysis and production phase in the intelligence process in which the significance of information is judged in relation to the current body of knowledge. See also intelligence process. interpretation of Federal Financial Accounting Standards - a document of narrow scope that provides clarifications of original meaning, additional definitions, or other guidance pertaining to an existing Statement of Federal Financial Accounting Standards (SFFAS).
  • interpreter  - A language-qualified individual under contract to the Department of States Office of Language Services (A/ OPR/ LS), assigned to accompany and interpret for visitors requiring such services. Interpreters also facilitate visitors travel and help interpret American society and culture.
  • interrogatories  - Questions posed to a person or entity - Normally, in connection with litigation, the term means written questions given to one party to an action by another party that require response in writing under oath - Cross-interrogatories are questions posed by the opposing party or the attorney of the opposing party.
  • inter-service support  - action by one Service or element thereof to provide logistics and/ or administrative support to another Service or element thereof. See also support.

interstate- (A) from one State into or through any other State; or (B) within the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, or any other territory or possession of the United States.

  • interstate agency  - an agency of two or more municipalities in different States, or an agency established by two or more States, with authority to provide for the management of solid wastes and serving two or more municipalities located in different States.
  • interstate air commerce  - the transportation of passengers or property by aircraft for compensation, the transportation of mail by aircraft, or the operation of aircraft in furthering a business or vocation — (A) between a place in — (i) a State, territory, or possession of the United States and a place in the District of Columbia or another State, territory, or possession of the United States; (ii) a State and another place in the same State through the airspace over a place outside the State; (iii) the District of Columbia and another place in the District of Columbia; or (iv) a territory or possession of the United States and another place in the same territory or possession; and (B) when any part of the

  496   transportation or operation is by aircraft.

interstate air pollution control agency- (1) an air pollution control agency established by two or more States, or (2) an air pollution control agency of two or more municipalities located in different States.

  • interstate air transportation  - the transportation of passengers or property by aircraft as a common carrier for compensation, or the transportation of mail by aircraft- (A) between a place in- (i) a State, territory, or possession of the United States and a place in the District of Columbia or another State, territory, or possession of the United States; (ii) Hawaii and another place in Hawaii through the airspace over a place outside Hawaii; (iii) the District of Columbia and another place in the District of Columbia; or (iv) a territory or possession of the United States and another place in the same territory or possession; and (B) when any part of the transportation is by aircraft.
  • interstate commerce  - trade, traffic, or other intercourse- (A) between a place in a State and a point in another State, or between points within the same State but through any place outside that State; or (B) within the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, or any other territory or possession of the United States.

interstate commerce- (1) commerce between any State or Territory and any place outside thereof, and

  • interstate commerce  - commerce between a place in a State and (A) a place in another State; or (B ) another place in the same State through another State.
  • interstate commerce  - commerce that is: (A) between any State, territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, and any place outside thereof; or (B) between points within the same State, territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, but through any place outside thereof, or within any territory or possession, or the District of Columbia.
  • interstate commerce  - the transportation for sale, trade, or use between any State, territory, or possession of the United States, or the District of Columbia, and any place outside thereof.
  • interstate hazardous liquid pipeline facility  - a hazardous liquid pipeline facility used to transport hazardous liquid in interstate or foreign commerce.
  • interstate or foreign commerce  - commerce between any State, Territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, and any place outside thereof; or between points within the same State, Territory, or possession, or the District of Columbia, but through any place outside thereof; or within any Territory or possession, or the District of Columbia. A marketing transaction in respect to an agricultural commodity or the product thereof shall be considered in interstate or foreign commerce if such commodity or product is part of that current of interstate or foreign commerce usual in the handling of the commodity or product whereby they, or either of them, are sent from one State to end their transit, after purchase, in another, including all cases where purchase or sale is either for shipment to another State or for the processing within the State and the shipment outside the State of the products so processed. As used herein, the word State includes Territory, the District of Columbia, possession of the United States, and foreign nations.
  • interstate transaction  - a transaction that is initiated in 1 State by the use of an electronic benefit transfer card that is issued in another State.
  • intertheater airlift  - The common-user airlift linking theaters to the continental United States and to other theaters as well as the airlift within the continental United States. See also intratheater airlift.

  497

  • intertheater patient movement  - Moving patients between, into, and out of the different theaters of the geographic combatant commands and into the continental United States or another supporting theater. See also en route care; evacuation; intratheater patient movement.
  • intervention  - immediate action taken to confront, resolve or reduce impact by way of hindrance or modification Intervention is an effect, or force, action that modifies a situation or condition. An intervention is a process that modifies behavior or the outcome of an event.
  • intestate  - Without having made a will; also, the term an intestate means a decedent who leaves no will.
  • intragovernmental payment and collection  - A system that allows agencies to issue payments and provide collecting capabilities by going through the Department of the Treasury via the Internet. Also called IPAC.
  • Intra-governmental Payment and Collection  - A system that allows agencies to issue payments and provide collecting capabilities by going through the Department of Treasury via the Internet. Also called IPAC.
  • intramural research  - research that is conducted at DHS sites or is conducted by DHS personnel.
  • intranet  - A private network inside a company or organization that, at a minimum, resides behind a firewall and requires a user name and password for access.
  • intranet  - A restricted-access network that operates in the same manner as the Internet. The purpose of an intranet is to share information and computing resources within the organization without privileged information being made available to everyone with Internet access. The Department of State maintains several intranets including OpenNet, ClassNet, and POEMS. These provide Internet-like services to Department employees, designated cleared contractors, and designated cleared Foreign Service nationals. OpenNet provides e-mail access to the Internet through a firewall. Because ClassNet is used for transmission of National Security Information, there is no connection to the Internet.
  • intranet  - private network of web content accessible only to specific persons with authorized access.
  • in-transit visibility  - The ability to track the identity, status, and location of Department of Defense units, and non-unit cargo (excluding bulk petroleum, oils, and lubricants) and passengers; patients; and personal property from origin to consignee or destination across the range of military operations. Also called ITV.
  • intrastate air carrier  - a citizen of the United States undertaking by any means to provide only intrastate air transportation.
  • intrastate air transportation  - the transportation by a common carrier of passengers or property for compensation, entirely in the same State, by turbojet-powered aircraft capable of carrying at least 30 passengers.
  • intrastate fee  - any fee, tax, or other type of assessment, including per vehicle fees and gross receipts taxes, imposed on a motor carrier or motor private carrier for the renewal of the intrastate authority or insurance filings of such carrier with a State.
  • intrastate hazardous liquid pipeline facility  - a hazardous liquid pipeline facility that is not an interstate

  498   hazardous liquid pipeline facility. §60101. )

  • intratheater airlift  - Airlift conducted within a theater with assets assigned to a geographic combatant commander or attached to a subordinate joint force commander. See also intertheater airlift.
  • intratheater patient movement  - Moving patients within the theater of a combatant command or in the continental United States. See also en route care; evacuation; intertheater patient movement.
  • intrusion assessments  - actions taken under the intrusion assessment plan to identify and remove intruders in agency information systems.
  • intrusion detection system  - security system designed to detect the entry or attempted entry of an individual or vehicle into a protected area.
  • invasive physical examination  - any medical examination that involves the exposure of private body parts, or any act during such examination that includes incision, insertion, or injection into the body, but does not include a hearing, vision, or scoliosis screening.
  • invention  - invention or discovery.
  • inventor  - the individual or, if a joint invention, the individuals collectively who invented or discovered the subject matter of the invention.
  • inventory  - A formal listing of all accountable property items assigned to an agency, along with a formal process to verify the condition, location, and quantity of such items. This term may also be used as a verb to indicate the actions leading to the development of a listing. In this sense, an inventory must be conducted using an actual physical count, electronic means, and/ or statistical methods.
  • inventory  - A list of government personnel, by location, function, and position, performing either commercial activities or inherently governmental activities.
  • inventory control  - That phase of military logistics that includes managing, cataloging, requirements determinations, procurement, distribution, overhaul, and disposal of materiel. Also called inventory management; materiel control; materiel management; supply management.
  • inventory control point  - An organizational unit or activity within a Department of Defense supply system that is assigned the primary responsibility for the materiel inventory management of a group of items either for a particular Service or for the Defense Department as a whole. Also called ICP.
  • investigating official  - A management official, an Office of Inspector General (OIG) investigator, or security investigator or other comparable officer in the other foreign affairs agencies who is conducting an administrative inquiry. investigation - process of a thorough and systematic examination into something.
  • investigation  - Work done by special agents in OIG/ INV. This includes, but is not limited to, receiving and investigating complaints and information concerning the possible existence of activity constituting- (1) A violation of law or regulation; (2) Mismanagement, gross waste of funds, or abuse of authority; or (3) A substantial and specific danger to public health or safety.

investigation and prosecution- (I) identification of a person or persons who have committed severe forms of trafficking in persons; (II) location and apprehension of such persons;(III) testimony at proceedings against such persons; or(IV) responding to and cooperating with requests for evidence   499 and information.

investment- (A) a commitment or contribution of funds or property;(B) a loan or other extension of credit; and(C) the entry into or renewal of a contract for goods or services.

  • investment  - any contribution or commitment of funds, commodities, services, patents, processes, or techniques, in the form of (1) a loan or loans to an approved project, (2) the purchase of a share of ownership in any such project, (3) participation in royalties, earnings, or profits of any such project, and (4) the furnishing of commodities or services pursuant to a lease or other contract.
  • investment  - resource committed to achieve specific goals and objectives examples of an invested resource include people, assets, equipment, services, supplies, and systems.
  • investment banker  - any person engaged in the business of underwriting securities issued by other persons, but does not include an investment company, any person who acts as an underwriter in isolated transactions but not as a part of a regular business, or any person solely by reason of the fact that such person is an underwriter for one or more investment companies.

investment of assets A) a commitment or contribution of assets;
(B) a loan or other extension of credit of assets; and
(C) the entry into or renewal of a contract for goods or services.

  • investment portfolio  - grouping of investments to allow for mission effectiveness and high-level investment review, consisting of functional groups, asset types, mission types, etc.
  • investment, evaluation, submission and tracking system (*)  - system that merges the Investment Management System and the Next-Generation Periodic Reporting System functionality and manages the Capital Planning Investment Control process used by DHS to capture, record, and report investment information captured during the capital planning and investment control process.
  • investment-grade rating  - a rating of BBB minus, Baa3, bbb minus, BBB (low), or higher assigned by a rating agency to project obligations.
  • investments in the people  - government policies or programs of an eligible country that promote the health, education, and other factors which contribute to the well-being and productivity of their people, such as decent, affordable housing for all.
  • invoice  - A bill, written document, or an electronically transmitted document, such as a facsimile copy, scanned copy, email copy, or electronic data interchange, provided by a vendor requesting payment for property received or services rendered. A proper invoice or an electronically transmitted document must meet the requirements of the Prompt Payment Act. The term invoice also includes a receiving report and delivery tickets when contractually designated as invoices.
  • invoice  - a contractor’s bill or written request for payment under the contract for supplies delivered or services performed (see also “proper invoice”).
  • invoice  - a written account, memorandum, list, or catalog, which is issued in connection with any commercial dealing in fur products or furs, and describes the particulars of any fur products or furs, transported or delivered to a purchaser, consignee, factor, bailee, correspondent, or agent, or any other person who is engaged in dealing commercially in fur products or furs.
  • invoice cost  - The total of the amount paid to the vendor, including related costs such as transportation or installation, if included on the vendor's initial invoice.
  • involuntary servitude  - a condition of servitude induced by means of- (A) any scheme, plan, or pattern

  500   intended to cause a person to believe that, if the person did not enter into or continue in such condition, that person or another person would suffer serious harm or physical restraint; or (B) the abuse or threatened abuse of the legal process. US Code 22, §7102 )

  • ionizing radiation  - Particulate (alpha, beta, and neutron) and electromagnetic (X-ray and gamma ) radiation of sufficient energy to displace electrons from atoms, producing ions.
  • iron and steel products  - the following products made primarily of iron or steel: lined or unlined pipes and fittings, manhole covers and other municipal castings, hydrants, tanks, flanges, pipe clamps and restraints, valves, structural steel, reinforced precast concrete, and construction materials.
  • irregular or occasional overtime work  - Overtime work that is not part of an employees regularly scheduled administrative workweek; i.e., overtime work that is scheduled after the start of the administrative workweek.
  • irregular or occasional overtime work  - overtime work that is not scheduled in advance of an employee’s administrative workweek.
  • irregular warfare  - A violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant population(s). Also called IW.
  • irrevocable letter of credit  - a written commitment by a federally insured financial institution to pay all or part of a stated amount of money, until the expiration date of the letter, upon the Government’s (the beneficiary) presentation of a written demand for payment. Neither the financial institution nor the offeror/ contractor can revoke or condition the letter of credit.
  • irrigation block  - an area of arid or semiarid lands in a project in which, in the judgment of the Secretary, the irrigable lands should be reclaimed and put under irrigation at substantially the same time, and which is designated as an irrigation block by order of the Secretary.
  • irrigation water  - water made available for agricultural purposes from the operation of reclamation project facilities pursuant to a contract with the Secretary.
  • isolated person  - An official U.S. citizen, and/ or eligible family member, or (in some cases as identified by post) a private U.S. citizen, national and/ or lawful permanent resident, who is isolated from support and who, if not recovered or assisted, is at risk for serious harm.
  • isolated personnel  - United States military, Department of Defense civilians and contractor personnel
  • isolated personnel report  - A Department of Defense form containing information designed to facilitate the identification and authentication of an isolated person by a recovery force. Also called ISOPREP. See also authentication; evader.
  • isolator  - A device that inserts a break in the normal hard-wire conduction path that exists in a normal telecommunications medium. An isolator provides a temporary communications channel across that break without establishing an end-to-end metallic connection.
  • issuer  - every person who issues or proposes to issue any security, or has outstanding any security which it has issued.

  501

  • item  - A letter, flat, parcel, or nonconveyable that is processed by the DPM or IMMS system (see also Mail and Correspondence).
  • item manager  - An individual within the organization of an inventory control point or other such organization assigned management responsibility for one or more specific items of materiel.

items of proliferation concern- (A) equipment, materials, or technology listed in — (i) the Trigger List of the Guidelines for Nuclear Transfers of the Nuclear Suppliers Group; (ii) the Annex of the Guidelines for Transfers of Nuclear-Related Dual-Use Equipment, Materials, Software, and Related Technology of the Nuclear Suppliers Group; or (iii) any of the Common Control Lists of the Australia Group; and (B) any other sensitive items.

  • ivory producing country  - any African country within which is located any part of the range of a population of African elephants.

J  

  • Jadeite  - any jadeite classifiable under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States.
  • jail  - a confinement facility of a Federal, State, or local law enforcement agency to hold — (A) persons pending adjudication of criminal charges; or (B) persons committed to confinement after adjudication of criminal charges for sentences of 1 year or less.
  • java  - A powerful programming language originally developed by Sun Microsystems that is used by software developers to build a variety of applications, including web pages.
  • job aid  - A checklist or other visual aid intended to ensure that specific steps for completing a task or assignment are accomplished. job analysis - Systematic, documented analysis of a position to be filled to identify the basic duties and responsibilities; the KSAs and level of competence required to perform those duties and responsibilities; and the factors important in evaluating candidates.
  • job opportunity announcement  - A document informing potential applicants of a vacancy. JOAs describe the requirements of the job and instruct applicants how to apply for the vacancy. Whenever applications are accepted from sources outside of the Department, a JOA must be posted on the USAJOBS website to satisfy public notice requirements. Also called JOA.
  • joint  - Connotes activities, operations, organizations, etc., in which elements of two or more Military Departments participate.
  • joint  - Involving more than one Service (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines). Also purple.

Joint Personnel] Reception Center - The facility established in an operational area that receives, accounts for, trains, and processes arriving and departing military and civilian individual augmentees. Also called JRC, JPRC.

  502   provides the official description of an operational training event. Also called JAAR. USAID, Civil‐ Military Operations Group, Glossary )

  • joint air attack team  - A combination of attack and/ or scout rotary-wing aircraft and fixed-wing close air support aircraft operating together to locate and attack high priority targets and other targets of opportunity. Also called JAAT. See also close air support.
  • joint air component coordination element  - A general term for the liaison element that serves as the direct representative of the joint force air component commander for joint air operations. Also called JACCE.
  • joint air operations  - Air operations performed with air capabilities/ forces made available by components in support of the joint force commander’s operation or campaign objectives, or in support of other components of the joint force.
  • joint air operations center  - A jointly staffed facility established for planning, directing, and executing joint air operations in support of the joint force commander’s operation or campaign objectives. Also called JAOC. See also joint air operations.
  • joint air operations plan  - A plan for a connected series of joint air operations to achieve the joint force commander’s objectives within a given time and joint operational area. Also called JAOP. See also joint air operations.
  • joint air-ground integration center  - A staff organization designed to enhance joint collaborative efforts to deconflict joint air-ground assets in the division’s airspace. Also called JAGIC.
  • Joint Army, Navy, Air Force Publication  - Provides official information and instructions for specialized phases of military communications in a U.S. Government facility. Also called JANAP.
  • joint base  - In base defense operations, a locality from which operations of two or more of the Military Departments are projected or supported and which is manned by significant elements of two or more Military Departments or in which significant elements of two or more Military Departments are located. See also base.
  • joint captured materiel exploitation center  - An element responsible for deriving intelligence information from captured enemy materiel. It is normally subordinate to the intelligence directorate of a joint staff. Also called JCMEC.
  • joint civil-military operations task force  - A joint task force composed of civil-military operations units from more than one Service. Also called JCMOTF. See also civil-military operations; joint task force.
  • joint combined exchange training  - A program conducted overseas to fulfill United States forces training requirements and at the same time exchange the sharing of skills between United States forces and host nation counterparts. Also called JCET.
  • joint communications network  - The aggregation of the joint multichannel trunking and switching system and the joint command and control communications system(s) in a theater. Also called JCN.
  • joint concept  - Links strategic guidance to the development and employment of future joint force capabilities and serve as “engines for transformation” that may ultimately lead to doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel and facilities (DOTMLPF) and policy changes.

  503

  • joint contracting support board  - A board established to coordinate all contracting support and to determine specific contracting mechanisms to obtain commercially procured common logistic supplies and services within the operational area. Also called JCSB. See also combatant commander logistic procurement support board; joint requirements review board.
  • joint counterintelligence unit  - An organization composed of Service and Department of Defense agency counterintelligence personnel that is formed under the authority of the Secretary of Defense, assigned to a combatant commander, and focused on strategic and operational counterintelligence missions. Also called JCIU.
  • joint counterintelligence unit  — An organization composed of Service and Department of Defense agency counterintelligence personnel that is formed under the authority of the Secretary of Defense, assigned to a combatant commander, and focused on strategic and operational counterintelligence missions. Also called JCIU.
  • joint data network operations officer  - The joint task force operations directorate officer responsible to the commander for integrating data from supporting components into a common database used to generate the common tactical picture. Also called JDNO.
  • joint deployable intelligence support system  - A transportable workstation and communications suite that electronically extends a joint intelligence center to a joint task force or other tactical user. Also called JDISS.
  • joint deployment and distribution enterprise  - The complex of equipment, procedures, doctrine, leaders, technical connectivity, information, shared knowledge, organizations, facilities, training, and materiel necessary to conduct joint distribution operations. Also called JDDE.
  • joint deployment and distribution operations center  - A combatant command movement control organization designed to synchronize and optimize national and theater multimodal resources for deployment, distribution, and sustainment, Also called JDDOC.
  • joint desired point of impact  - A unique, alpha-numeric coded precise aimpoint associated with a target to achieve an explicit weaponeering objective, and identified by a three dimensional (latitude, longitude, elevation) mensurated coordinate. Also called a JDPI. See also aimpoint; desired point of impact.
  • joint distribution  - The operational process of synchronizing all elements of the joint logistic system using the Joint Deployment and Distribution Enterprise for end-to-end movement of forces and materiel from point of origin to the designated point of need.
  • Joint Doctrine  - Fundamental principles that guide the employment of forces of two or more military departments, in coordinated action and toward a common objective. This authoritative joint doctrine will be followed except when, in the judgment of the commander, exceptional circumstances dictate otherwise. It will be promulgated by or for the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in coordination with the combatant commands and services.
  • joint doctrine  - Fundamental principles that guide the employment of United States military forces in coordinated action toward a common objective and may include terms, tactics, techniques, and procedures. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff manual; doctrine; joint publication; joint test publication; multinational doctrine.
  • joint doctrine development community  - The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Services, the combatant commands, the Joint Staff, the combat support agencies, the doctrine development agencies of the Services and the joint community, the National Defense University, the United States Element, North American Aerospace Defense Command, the National Guard Bureau, and

  504   Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff controlled activities. Also called JDDC.

  • Joint Doctrine Development System  - The system of lead agents, Joint Staff doctrine sponsors, primary review authorities, coordinating review authorities, technical review authorities, assessment agents, evaluation agents, Joint Doctrine Planning Conferences, procedures, and the hierarchical framework designed to initiate, develop, approve, and maintain joint publications.
  • joint doctrine planning conference  - A forum convened by the Joint Staff Directorate for Joint Force Development that meets semiannually to address and vote on project proposals; discuss key joint doctrinal and operational issues; discuss potential changes to the joint doctrine development process; keep up to date on the status of the joint publication projects and emerging publications; and keep abreast of other initiatives of interest to the members. Also called JDPC.
  • joint document exploitation center  - An element, normally subordinate to the intelligence directorate of a joint staff, responsible for deriving intelligence information from captured adversary documents including all forms of electronic data and other forms of stored textual and graphic information. Also called JDEC. See also intelligence.
  • joint electromagnetic spectrum management operations  - Those interrelated functions of frequency management, host nation coordination, and joint spectrum interference resolution that together enable the planning, management, and execution of operations within the electromagnetic operational environment during all phases of military operations. Also called JEMSMO.
  • joint electromagnetic spectrum operations  - Those activities consisting of electronic warfare and joint electromagnetic spectrum management operations used to exploit, attack, protect, and manage the electromagnetic operational environment to achieve the commander’s objectives. Also called JEMSO.
  • joint engagement zone  - In air defense, that airspace of defined dimensions within which multiple air defense systems (surface-to-air missiles and aircraft) are simultaneously employed to engage air threats. Also called JEZ.
  • Joint Event Life Cycle  - The design, planning, preparation, execution, analysis, evaluation, and reporting stages of joint training. Also called JELC.
  • joint exercise  - A joint military maneuver, simulated wartime operation, or other event designated by the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff or by a combatant commander, that involves planning, preparation, execution, and evaluation. The forces of two or more military departments interact with a combatant commander or subordinate joint force commander, as well as with joint forces and/ or staffs. The exercise is conducted using joint doctrine or joint tactics, techniques, and procedures.
  • Joint Exercise Control Group  - A collection of exercise participants whom the combatant command staff assigns to plan, direct, and control joint exercises. The group includes five subgroups: observer/ trainer; controller; modeling and simulations; role players; and the opposition force. Its organization and responsibilities may vary with the combatant command. Also called JECG.
  • joint facilities utilization board  - A joint board that evaluates and reconciles component requests for real estate, use of existing facilities, inter-Service support, and construction to ensure compliance with Joint Civil-Military Engineering Board priorities. Also called JFUB.
  • joint field office  - A temporary multiagency coordination center established at the incident site to provide a central location for coordination of federal, state, local, tribal, nongovernmental, and private-sector organizations with primary responsibility for incident oversight, direction, or assistance to

  505 effectively coordinate protection, prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery actions. Also called JFO.

  • Joint Field Office  - The primary Federal incident management field structure. The JFO is a temporary Federal facility that provides a central location for the coordination of Federal, State, tribal, and local governments and private-sector and nongovernmental organizations with primary responsibility for response and recovery. The JFO structure is organized, staffed, and managed in a manner consistent with National Incident Management System principles and is led by the Unified Coordination Group. Although the JFO uses an Incident Command System structure, the JFO does not manage on-scene operations. Instead, the JFO focuses on providing support to on-scene efforts and conducting broader support operations that may extend beyond the incident site. Also called JFO.
  • joint fire support  - Joint fires that assist air, land, maritime, and special operations forces to move, maneuver, and control territory, populations, airspace, and key waters. See also fire support; joint fires.
  • joint fires  - Fires delivered during the employment of forces from two or more components in coordinated action to produce desired effects in support of a common objective. See also fires.
  • joint fires element  - An optional staff element that provides recommendations to the operations directorate to accomplish fires planning and synchronization. Also called JFE. See also fire support; joint fires.
  • joint fires observer  - A trained Service member who can request, adjust, and control surface-to-surface fires, provide targeting information in support of Type 2 and 3 close air support terminal attack control, and perform autonomous terminal guidance operations. Also called JFO.
  • joint flow and analysis system for transportation  - System that determines the transportation feasibility of a course of action or operation plan; provides daily lift assets needed to move forces and resupply; advises logistic planners of channel and port inefficiencies; and interprets shortfalls from various flow possibilities. Also called JFAST. See also course of action; operation plan; system.
  • joint force  - A general term applied to a force composed of significant elements, assigned or attached, of two or more Military Departments operating under a single joint force commander. See also joint force commander.
  • joint force air component commander  - The commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for recommending the proper employment of assigned, attached, and/ or made available for tasking air forces; planning and coordinating air operations; or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. Also called JFACC. See also joint force commander.
  • joint force chaplain  - The military chaplain designated by the joint force commander to serve as the senior chaplain for the joint force. Also called the JFCH.
  • joint force commander  - A general term applied to a combatant commander, subunified commander, or joint task force commander authorized to exercise combatant command (command authority) or operational control over a joint force. Also called JFC. See also joint force.
  • joint force land component commander  - The commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for recommending the proper employment of assigned, attached, and/ or made available for tasking land forces; planning and coordinating land operations; or accomplishing such operational missions as may be

  506   assigned. Also called JFLCC. See also joint force commander.

  • Joint Force Maritime Component Commander  - commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible for making recommendations on the proper employment of assigned, attached, and/ or made available for tasking maritime forces and assets; planning and coordinating maritime operations; or accomplishing such maritime operational missions as may be assigned.
  • joint force maritime component commander  - The commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for recommending the proper employment of assigned, attached, and/ or made available for tasking maritime forces and assets; planning and coordinating maritime operations; or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. Also called JFMCC. See also joint force commander.
  • joint force special operations component commander  - The commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for recommending the proper employment of assigned, attached, and/ or made available for tasking special operations forces and assets; planning and coordinating special operations; or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. Also called JFSOCC. See also joint force commander.
  • joint force surgeon  - A general term applied to a Department of Defense medical department officer appointed by the joint force commander to serve as the joint force special staff officer responsible for establishing, monitoring, or evaluating joint force health service support. Also called JFS. See also health service support; joint force.
  • joint functions  - Related capabilities and activities placed into six basic groups of command and control, intelligence, fires, movement and maneuver, protection, and sustainment to help joint force commanders synchronize, integrate, and direct joint operations.
  • joint harbor operations center  - operational command and control facilities focused around a single port and on coordinating operations and information sharing staffed by the Navy and Coast Guard, as well as other port centric stakeholders.
  • joint individual augmentee  - An unfunded temporary duty position (or member filling an unfunded temporary duty position) identified on a joint manning document by a supported combatant commander to augment headquarters operations during contingencies. Also called JIA.
  • joint information center  - An interagency entity established to coordinate and disseminate information for the public and media concerning an incident. JICs may be established locally, regionally, or nationally depending on the size and magnitude of the incident. Also called JIC.
  • joint information system  - Mechanism that integrates incident information and public affairs into a cohesive organization designed to provide consistent, coordinated, accurate, accessible, timely, and complete information during crisis or incident operations. The mission of the JIS is to provide a structure and system for developing and delivering coordinated interagency messages; developing, recommending, and executing public information plans and strategies on behalf of the Incident Commander; advising the Incident Commander concerning public affairs issues that could affect a response effort; and controlling rumors and inaccurate information that could undermine public confidence in the emergency response effort. Also called JIS.
  • joint integrated prioritized target list  - A prioritized list of targets approved and maintained by the joint force commander. Also called JIPTL. See also target.

  507

  • joint intelligence  - Intelligence produced by elements of more than one Service of the same nation.
  • joint intelligence architecture  - A dynamic, flexible structure that consists of the Defense Joint Intelligence Operations Center, combatant command joint intelligence operations centers, and subordinate joint task force intelligence operations centers or joint intelligence support elements to provide national, theater, and tactical commanders with the full range of intelligence required for planning and conducting operations. See also intelligence.
  • joint intelligence operations center  - An interdependent, operational intelligence organization at the Department of Defense, combatant command, or joint task force (if established) level, that is integrated with national intelligence centers, and capable of accessing all sources of intelligence impacting military operations planning, execution, and assessment. Also called JIOC.
  • joint intelligence preparation of the operational environment  - The analytical process used by joint intelligence organizations to produce intelligence estimates and other intelligence products in support of the joint force commander’s decision-making process. Also called JIPOE.
  • joint intelligence support element  - A subordinate joint force element whose focus is on intelligence support for joint operations, providing the joint force commander, joint staff, and components with the complete air, space, ground, and maritime adversary situation. Also called JISE. See also intelligence; joint force; joint operations.
  • joint interagency coordination group  - A staff group that establishes regular, timely, and collaborative working relationships between civilian and military operational planners. Also called JIACG.
  • joint interface control officer  - The senior interface control officer for multi-tactical data link networks in the joint force who is responsible for development and validation of the architecture, joint interoperability and management of the multi-tactical data link networks, and overseeing operations of a joint interface control cell. Also called JICO.
  • joint intermediate level school  - the National Defense Intelligence College.
  • joint interrogation and debriefing center  - Physical location for the exploitation of intelligence information from detainees and other sources. Also called JIDC. See also intelligence.
  • joint interrogation operations  - 1. Activities conducted by a joint or interagency organization to extract information for intelligence purposes from enemy prisoners of war, dislocated civilians, enemy combatants, or other uncategorized detainees. 2. Activities conducted in support of law enforcement efforts to adjudicate enemy combatants who are believed to have committed crimes against US persons or property. Also called JIO. See also enemy combatant.
  • joint inventor and coinventor  - any 1 of the individuals who invented or discovered the subject matter of a joint invention.
  • joint land operations  - Land operations performed across the range of military operations with land forces made available by Service components in support of the joint force commander’s operation or campaign objectives, or in support of other components of the joint force.
  • joint land operations plan  - A plan for a connected series of joint land operations to achieve the joint force commander’s objectives within a given time and operational area.

  508  

  • joint logistics  - The coordinated use, synchronization, and sharing of two or more Military Departments’ logistic resources to support the joint force. See also logistics.
  • joint logistics enterprise  - A multi-tiered matrix of key global logistics providers cooperatively engaged or structured to achieve a common purpose without jeopardizing the integrity of their own organizational missions and goals. Also called JLEnt.
  • Joint Logistics Operations Center  - The Joint Logistics Operations Center is the current operations division within the Logistics Directorate of the Joint Staff, which monitors crises, exercises, and interagency actions and works acquisition and cross-servicing agreements as well as international logistics. Also called JLOC. See also logistics.
  • joint logistics over-the-shore commander  - The commander selected by the joint force commander and tasked to organize the efforts of all elements participating in accomplishing the joint logistics over- the-shore mission. See also joint logistics over-the-shore operations.
  • joint logistics over-the-shore operations  - Operations in which Navy and Army logistics over-the-shore forces conduct logistics over-the-shore operations together under a joint force commander. Also called JLOTS operations. See also joint logistics; logistics over-the-shore operations.
  • joint manpower program  - The policy, processes, and systems used in determination and prioritization within and among joint Service manpower requirements. Also called JMP.
  • joint matters  - matters related to the achievement of unified action by integrated military forces in operations conducted across domains such as land, sea, or air, in space, or in the information environment, including matters relating to- (A) national military strategy; (B) strategic planning and contingency planning;(C) command and control of operations under unified command;(D) national security planning with other departments and agencies of the United States;(E) combined operations with military forces of allied nations; or(F) acquisition matters addressed by military personnel and covered under chapter 87 of this title.
  • joint meteorological and oceanographic coordination cell  - A subset of a joint meteorological and oceanographic coordination organization, which is delegated the responsibility of executing the coordination of meteorological and oceanographic support operations in the operational area. Also called JMCC.
  • joint meteorological and oceanographic coordination organization  - A Service meteorological and oceanographic organization that is designated within the operations order as the lead organization responsible for coordinating meteorological and oceanographic operations support in the operational area. Also called JMCO.
  • joint meteorological and oceanographic officer  - Officer designated to provide direct meteorological and oceanographic support to a joint force commander. Also called JMO. joint military requirement - a capability necessary to fulfill a gap in a core mission area of the Department of Defense.
  • joint mission-essential task  - A mission task selected by a joint force commander deemed essential to mission accomplishment and defined using the common language of the Universal Joint Task List in terms of task, condition, and standard. Also called JMET. See also condition, universal joint task list.
  • Joint Mission-Essential Task  - An assignment from a joint force commander that is deemed vital to mission accomplishment and that is defined with the conditions and standards language of the

  509 universal joint task list. Also called JMET. Operations Group, Glossary )

  • Joint Mission-Essential Task List  - A written record of commander-selected work objectives that are deemed critical to mission accomplishment. It includes associated tasks, conditions, standards, as well as command-linked and supporting tasks. Also called JMETL.
  • joint mortuary affairs office  - Plans and executes all mortuary affairs programs within a theater. Provides guidance to facilitate the conduct of all mortuary programs and to maintain data (as required) pertaining to recovery, identification, and disposition of all US dead and missing in the assigned theater. Serves as the central clearing point for all mortuary affairs and monitors the deceased and missing personal effects program. Also called JMAO. See also mortuary affairs; personal effects.
  • joint network operations control center  - An element of the communications system directorate of a joint staff established as the single control agency for the management and direction of the joint force communications systems. Also called JNCC.
  • joint nuclear weapons life cycle process  - the process developed and maintained by the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Energy for the development, production, maintenance, and retirement of nuclear weapons.
  • joint operation planning  - Planning activities associated with joint military operations by combatant commanders and their subordinate joint force commanders in response to contingencies and crises. See also execution planning; Joint Operation Planning and Execution System; joint operation planning process.
  • Joint Operation Planning and Execution System  - An Adaptive Planning and Execution system technology. Also called JOPES. See also joint operation planning; joint operations; level of detail.
  • joint operation planning process  - An orderly, analytical process that consists of a logical set of steps to analyze a mission, select the best course of action, and produce a joint operation plan or order. Also called JOPP. See also joint operation planning; Joint Operation Planning and Execution System.
  • joint operations  - A general term to describe military actions conducted by joint forces and those Service forces employed in specified command relationships with each other, which of themselves, do not establish joint forces.
  • joint operations area  - An area of land, sea, and airspace, defined by a geographic combatant commander or subordinate unified commander, in which a joint force commander (normally a joint task force commander) conducts military operations to accomplish a specific mission. Also called JOA. See also area of responsibility; joint special operations area.
  • joint operations area forecast  - The official baseline meteorological and oceanographic forecast for operational planning and mission execution within the joint operations area. Also called JOAF.
  • joint operations center  - A jointly manned facility of a joint force commander’s headquarters established for planning, monitoring, and guiding the execution of the commander’s decisions. Also called JOC.
  • joint operations center  - A jointly manned facility of a joint force commander’s headquarters established to plan, monitor, and guide the execution of the commander’s decisions. Also called JOC.
  • joint operations center  - An interagency command post established by the Federal Bureau of

  510   Investigation to manage terrorist threats or incidents and investigative and intelligence activities. The JOC coordinates the necessary local, State, and Federal assets required to support the investigation, and to prepare for, respond to, and resolve the threat or incident. Also called JOC. FEMA, NRF, Glossary )

  • joint patient movement requirements center  - A joint activity established to coordinate the joint patient movement requirements function for a joint task force operating within a unified command area of responsibility. Also called JPMRC. See also health service support; joint force surgeon; joint operations area; medical treatment facility.
  • joint patient movement team  - Teams comprised of personnel trained in medical regulating and movement procedures.
  • joint personnel accountability reconciliation and reporting  - A data repository developed and implemented by the Defense Manpower Data Center that consumes and reconciles data from existing Service deployment systems. Also called JPARR.
  • joint personnel processing center  - A center established in an operational area by the appropriate joint force commander with the responsibility for the in-processing and out-processing of personnel upon their arrival in and departure from the theater. Also called JPPC.
  • joint personnel recovery center  - The primary joint force organization responsible for planning and coordinating personnel recovery for military operations within the assigned operational area. Also called JPRC. See also combat search and rescue; search and rescue.
  • joint personnel training and tracking activity  - The continental United States center established to facilitate the reception, accountability, processing, training, and onward movement of individual augmentees preparing for overseas movement to support a joint military operation. Also called JPTTA.
  • joint photographic expert group  - A method of compressing bitmapped images that allows for variable degrees of compression (low, medium, high, and maximum quality). There is some loss of image quality when a compressed image is decompressed. Also called JPEG.
  • joint planning and execution community  - Those headquarters, commands, and agencies involved in the training, preparation, mobilization, deployment, employment, support, sustainment, redeployment, and demobilization of military forces assigned or committed to a joint operation. Also called JPEC.
  • joint planning group  - A planning organization consisting of designated representatives of the joint force headquarters principal and special staff sections, joint force components (Service and/ or functional), and other supporting organizations or agencies as deemed necessary by the joint force commander. Also called JPG. See also crisis action planning; joint operation planning.
  • joint procedure  - element of joint action that involves developing procedures, processes, and concepts that apply to two or more entities in conducting operations coordination.
  • joint professional military education  - rigorous and thorough instruction and examination of officers of the armed forces in an environment designed to promote a theoretical and practical in-depth understanding of joint matters and, specifically, of the subject matter covered. The subject matter to be covered by joint professional military education shall include at least the following: (1) National Military Strategy.(2) Joint planning at all levels of war.(3) Joint doctrine.(4) Joint command and control.(5) Joint force and joint requirements development. (6) Operational contract support.
  • joint project/ program  - project or program that involves DHS Components and outside agencies,

  511 whether they are federal, state, local, or other. Terms )

  • joint proponent  - A Service, combatant command, or Joint Staff directorate assigned coordinating authority to lead the collaborative development and integration of joint capability with specific responsibilities designated by the Secretary of Defense.
  • joint public affairs support element  - A deployable unit assigned to assist a joint force commander in developing and training public affairs forces in joint, interagency, and multinational environments. Also called JPASE.
  • joint publication  - A compilation of agreed to fundamental principles, considerations, and guidance on a particular topic, approved by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff that guides the employment of a joint force toward a common objective. Also called JP. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff manual; joint doctrine; joint test publication.
  • Joint Quarterly Readiness Review  - A document that provides the Department of Defense leadership with a current, macro-level assessment of military readiness as defined by the national military strategy that emanates from the combatant commands, the services, and defense combat support agencies. Also called JQRR.
  • joint reception coordination center  - An organization that, when established, ensures that Department of Defense personnel and noncombatant evacuees receive adequate assistance and support for an orderly and expedient debarkation, movement to final destination in the United States, and appropriate follow-on assistance at the final destination. Also called JRCC.
  • joint reception, staging, onward movement, and integration  - A phase of joint force projection occurring in the operational area during which arriving personnel, equipment, and materiel transition into forces capable of meeting operational requirements. Also called JRSOI. See also integration; joint force; reception; staging.
  • joint regional strategies  - An integrated strategic plan developed jointly between the State and USAID Regional Bureaus that involves the equities of both agencies, and involves both non-regional bureaus and interagency partners with a stake in the region. The JRS is used to inform budget decisions, advise integrated country strategies, and shape performance reviews. Also called JRS. joint requirements coordination team - advisory group that provides requirements-related advice to the Deputy Secretary, and to validate the products of the Strategic Requirements Planning Process (SRPP) as well as confirming alignment of requirements-related acquisition documents with the SRPP.
  • joint requirements council  - advisory body that governs all Department level and/ or multi-Component mission execution requirements efforts and provides the Deputy Management Action Group (DMAG) with recommendations for investment, as well as changes to training, organization, laws, and operational processes and procedures.
  • joint requirements review board  - The joint task force or subunified commander’s established board to review, validate, approve, and prioritize selected Service component contract support requests. Also called JRRB. See also combatant commander logistic procurement support board; joint contracting support board.
  • joint research agreement  - a written contract, grant, or cooperative agreement entered into by 2 or more persons or entities for the performance of experimental, developmental, or research work in the field of the claimed invention.

  512  

  • joint restricted frequency list  - A time and geographically oriented listing of TABOO, PROTECTED, and GUARDED functions, nets, and frequencies and limited to the minimum number of frequencies necessary for friendly forces to accomplish objectives. Also called JRFL. See also electronic warfare; guarded frequencies; protected frequencies; TABOO frequencies.
  • joint security area  - A specific surface area, designated by the joint force commander to facilitate protection of joint bases and their connecting lines of communications that support joint operations. Also called JSA.
  • joint security coordination center  - A joint operations center tailored to assist the joint security coordinator in meeting the security requirements in the joint operational area. Also called JSCC.
  • joint security coordinator  - The officer with responsibility for coordinating the overall security of the operational area in accordance with joint force commander directives and priorities. Also called JSC.
  • joint servicing  - That function performed by a jointly staffed and financed activity in support of two or more Services.
  • joint special operations air component commander  - The commander within a joint force special operations command responsible for planning and executing joint special operations air activities. Also called JSOACC.
  • joint special operations area  - An area of land, sea, and airspace assigned by a joint force commander to the commander of a joint special operations force to conduct special operations activities. Also called JSOA.
  • joint special operations task force  - A joint task force composed of special operations units from more than one Service, formed to carry out a specific special operation or prosecute special operations in support of a theater campaign or other operations. Also called JSOTF.
  • joint staff  - 1. The staff of a commander of a unified or specified command, subordinate unified command, joint task force, or subordinate functional component (when a functional component command will employ forces from more than one Military Department), that includes members from the several Services comprising the force. 2. (capitalized as Joint Staff) The staff under the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff that assists the Chairman and the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in carrying out their responsibilities. Also called JS.
  • joint staff doctrine sponsor  - A Joint Staff directorate assigned to coordinate a joint doctrine project with the Joint Staff. Also called JSDS. See also joint doctrine.
  • Joint State/ USAID Strategic Plan  - Strategic planning and performance management are guided by the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR) and the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010. The QDDR serves as the new State-USAID Joint Strategic Plan (JSP), and sets institutional priorities and provides strategic guidance as a framework for the most efficient allocation of resources. The QDDR also includes directives for improving how posts do business, from strengthening interagency collaboration to increasing State and USAID engagement with civil society, the private sector and others. Also called JSP.
  • Joint State/ USAID summary of performance and financial information report  - This report provides a summary of State and USAID performance and financial information. The JSR is one of three annual financial and performance reports that also include the AFR and APR. The JSR provide information on both agencies performance in promoting greater accountability and accessibility to

  513 Congress, the American public, and other key constituencies. Also called JSR.

  • joint state/ USAID summary of performance and financial information report (JSR)  - This report provides a summary of State and USAID performance and financial information. The JSR is one of three annual financial and performance reports that also include the AFR and APR. The JSR provide information on both agencies performance in promoting greater accountability and accessibility to Congress, the American public, and other key constituencies. Also called JSR.
  • joint strategic capabilities plan  - A plan that provides guidance to the combatant commanders and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to accomplish tasks and missions based on current military capabilities. Also called JSCP. See also combatant commander; joint.
  • joint strategic planning system  - One of the primary means by which the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the combatant commanders, carries out the statutory responsibilities to assist the President and Secretary of Defense in providing strategic direction to the Armed Forces. Also called JSPS.
  • joint table of distribution  - A manpower document that identifies the positions and enumerates the spaces that have been approved for each organizational element of a joint activity for a specific fiscal year (authorization year), and those accepted for the four subsequent fiscal years (program years). Also called JTD. See also joint manpower program.
  • joint target list  - A consolidated list of selected targets, upon which there are no restrictions placed, considered to have military significance in the joint force commander’s operational area. Also called JTL. See also joint; target.
  • joint targeting coordination board  - A group formed by the joint force commander to accomplish broad targeting oversight functions that may include but are not limited to coordinating targeting information, providing targeting guidance, synchronization, and priorities, and refining the joint integrated prioritized target list. Also called JTCB. See also joint integrated prioritized target list; targeting.
  • Joint Task Force  - A group of joint warfighters that is designated by the secretary of defense, a combatant commander, a sub-unified commander, or an existing joint task force commander. Also called JTF.
  • joint task force  - A joint force that is constituted and so designated by the Secretary of Defense, a combatant commander, a subunified commander, or an existing joint task force commander. Also called JTF.
  • joint task force  - Based on the complexity and type of incident, and the anticipated level of Department of Defense (DOD) resource involvement, DOD may elect to designate a JTF to command Federal (Title 10) military activities in support of the incident objectives. If a JTF is established, consistent with operational requirements, its command and control element will be co-located with the senior on-scene leadership at the Joint Field Office (JFO) to ensure coordination and unity of effort. The co-location of the JTF command and control element does not replace the requirement for a Defense Coordinating Officer (DCO)/ Defense Coordinating Element as part of the JFO Unified Coordination Staff. The DCO remains the DOD single point of contact in the JFO for requesting assistance from DOD. Also called JTF.
  • Joint Task Force Commander  - Individual who exercises operational control of Federal military personnel and most defense resources in a Federal response. Some Department of Defense (DOD) entities, such as the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, may respond under separate established authorities and do not provide support under the operational control of a JTF Commander. Unless

  514   federalized, National Guard forces remain under the control of a State Governor. Close coordination between Federal military, other DOD entities, and National Guard forces in a response is critical. Also called JTF Commander.

  • joint task force-civil support  - A standing joint task force established to plan and integrate Department of Defense support to the designated lead federal agency for domestic chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high-yield explosives consequence management operations. Also called JTF-CS.
  • joint terminal attack controller  - A qualified (certified) Service member who, from a forward position, directs the action of combat aircraft engaged in close air support and other offensive air operations. Also called JTAC. See also terminal attack control.
  • Joint Terrorism Task Force  - multi-jurisdictional task forces established to conduct terrorism-related investigations.
  • joint test publication  - A proposed publication produced for field-testing an emergent concept that has been validated through the Joint Experimentation Program or a similar joint process. Also called JTP. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction; joint doctrine; joint publication.
  • joint training  - Military instruction that is based on joint doctrine or tactics, techniques, and procedures, and that prepares joint forces and/ or staffs to respond to the strategic and operational mission requirements of combatant commanders. The forces of two or more military departments interact with a combatant commander or subordinate joint force commander, as well as with joint forces and/ or staffs. The exercise is conducted using joint doctrine or joint tactics, techniques, and procedures.
  • joint transportation board  - Responsible to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Joint Transportation Board assures that common-user transportation resources assigned or available to the Department of Defense are allocated to achieve maximum benefit in meeting Department of Defense objectives. Also called JTB. See also common-user transportation.
  • joint urban operations  - Joint operations planned and conducted on, or against objectives within a topographical complex and its adjacent natural terrain, where man-made construction or the density of population are the dominant features. Also called JUOs. See also joint operations.
  • joint use airport  - an airport owned by the Department of Defense, at which both military and civilian aircraft make shared use of the airfield.
  • joint worldwide intelligence communications system  - The sensitive compartmented information portion of the Defense Information Systems Network, which incorporates advanced networking technologies that permit point-to-point or multipoint information exchange involving voice, text, graphics, data, and video teleconferencing. Also called JWICS.
  • joint worldwide intelligence communications system  - network designed to meet the requirements for secure (TS/ SCI) multimedia intelligence communications worldwide.
  • judge advocate  - An officer of the Judge Advocate General’s Corps of the Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, Navy, and the United States Coast Guard who is designated as a judge advocate. Also called JA.

judge advocate —An officer of the Judge Advocate General’s Corps of the Army, Air Force, or Navy, or officers of the Marine Corps or Coast Guard designated as a judge advocate. Also called JA.   515

  • judge of the United States  - judges of the courts of appeals, district courts, Court of International Trade and any court created by Act of Congress, the judges of which are entitled to hold office during good behavior.
  • judgment  - a judgment, order, or decree entered in favor of the United States in a court and arising from a civil or criminal proceeding regarding a debt.
  • judgment  - any judgment, decree, order, or ruling, final or temporary.
  • Julian date  - The number that corresponds to the chronological day of the year. The first day of the year is 001, the second 002, and the last day of the year is 365 (366 in Leap Years). Appears on Format Line 3 after the sending station routing identifier and station serial number.
  • jumpmaster  - The assigned airborne qualified individual who controls paratroops from the time they enter the aircraft until they exit.
  • junk automobile  - an automobile that: (A) is incapable of operating on public streets, roads, and highways; and (B) has no value except as a source of parts or scrap.
  • junk yard  - an individual or entity engaged in the business of acquiring or owning junk automobiles for
  • jurat  - A certificate added to an affidavit stating when, where, and before whom it was sworn - A jurat is similar to an acknowledgment, except that the jurat contemplates an oath or affirmation, whereas an acknowledgment does not - The usual form of a jurat is - Subscribed and sworn before me this day.
  • jurisdiction  - A range or sphere of authority. Public agencies have jurisdiction at an incident related to their legal responsibilities and authority. Jurisdictional authority at an incident can be political or geographical (e.g., Federal, State, tribal, and local boundary lines) or functional (e.g., law enforcement, public health).
  • jurisdictional agency  - The agency having jurisdiction and responsibility for a specific geographical area, or a mandated function.
  • jury summons  - a summons issued by a clerk of court, jury commission, or their duly designated deputies, containing either a preprinted or stamped seal of court, and containing the name of the issuing clerk imprinted in preprinted, type, or facsimile manner on the summons or the envelopes transmitting the summons.
  • jury wheel  - any device or system similar in purpose or function, such as a properly programed electronic data processing system or device.
  • justice of the United States  - the Chief Justice of the United States and the associate justices of the Supreme Court.
  • just-in-time training  - training provided when it is actually needed and used on the job.

juvenile, juvenile delinquent -a person who has not attained his 18th birthday and defines juvenile delinquency as the violation of a law of the United States committed by a person prior to his or her 18th birthday which might have been considered a crime if committed by an adult.   516  

K  

  • key component of a binary or multicomponent chemical system  - the precursor which plays the most important role in determining the toxic properties of the final product and reacts rapidly with other chemicals in the binary or multicomponent system.
  • key indicator  - The most important performance measure used to track progress toward achieving a strategic objective. The Department currently measures these indicators.
  • key intelligence official  - senior intelligence official designated by the Heads of Components for their respective CIPs with the approval of the CINT.
  • key management  - Key management is the supervision and control of the process whereby encryption- keying material, to include fortezza-type certificate, is generated, stored, protected, transferred, loaded, used, and destroyed.
  • key management  - The supervision and control of the process whereby encryption keying material, including fortezza type certificates, is generated, stored, protected, transferred, loaded, used, and destroyed.
  • key performance indicator  - metric for critical results tied to a service, process, plan, project or other activity.
  • key performance parameter  - attributes or characteristics of a system/ program/ project that are considered critical or essential parts of an effective system/ program/ project capability failure to meet a key performance parameter normally requires high-level management review (e.g., ADA) of the system/ program/ project to determine whether to continue pursuit of the particular solution.
  • key position  - A civilian position, public or private (designated by the employer and approved by the Secretary concerned), that cannot be vacated during war or national emergency.
  • key program administrator  - The individual in the Business Operations Division (A/ LM/ AQM/ BD ) responsible for managing the purchase card program in a specific geographic region and who is the Departments day-to-day liaison with the bank provider. The KPA is authorized to make direct changes to account information on behalf of the individual program participant. Other responsibilities of the KPA include processing applications, fielding questions, processing toolkit requests from the bureaus and posts, monitoring bureau and post transactions, and providing overall program quality control. Also called KPA.
  • key resources  - Any publicly or privately controlled resources essential to the minimal operations of the economy and government.
  • key resources  - publicly or privately controlled resources essential to the minimal operations of the economy and government.
  • key specification  - characteristic of a material, product, or service, including, but not limited to, physical attributes, history of use, maintenance record, and purpose.
  • key stakeholders  - actors engaged in efforts to advance global food security programs and objectives, including- (A) relevant Federal departments and agencies;(B) national and local governments in target countries;(C) other bilateral donors;(D) international and regional organizations;(E) international, regional, and local financial institutions;(F) international, regional, and local private

  517 voluntary, nongovernmental, faith-based, and civil society organizations;(G) the private sector, including agribusinesses and relevant commodities groups; (H) agricultural producers, including farmer organizations, cooperatives, small-scale producers, and women; and (I) agricultural research and academic institutions, including land-grant universities and extension services.

  • key strategy  - Represents a key approach or initiative that will be pursued to advance the related objective. These may include, but are not limited to major organizational or business model change, service delivery model change, new focus, new strategic approach, value chain refinement, spreading promising practices, and/ or process improvement reforms.
  • key terrain  - Any locality, or area, the seizure or retention of which affords a marked advantage to either combatant.
  • keystone publications  - Joint doctrine publications that establish the doctrinal foundation for a series of joint publications in the hierarchy of joint publications. See also capstone publications; joint publication.
  • kickback  - any money, fee, commission, credit, gift, gratuity, thing of value, or compensation of any kind that is provided to a prime contractor, prime contractor employee, subcontractor, or subcontractor employee to improperly obtain or reward favorable treatment in connection with a prime contract or a subcontract relating to a prime contract.
  • kidnapping  - intentional taking of an individual or group through force or threat of force.
  • kidnapping  - The unlawful abduction or holding of a person for any purpose.
  • kill box  - A three-dimensional permissive fire support coordination measure with an associated airspace coordinating measure used to facilitate the integration of fires.
  • Kimberley process certificate  - a forgery resistant document of a Participant that demonstrates that an importation or exportation of rough diamonds has been controlled through the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme and contains the minimum elements set forth in Annex I to the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme.
  • Kimberley process certification scheme  - those standards, practices, and procedures of the international certification scheme for rough diamonds presented in the document entitled Kimberley Process Certification Scheme referred to in the Interlaken Declaration on the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme for Rough Diamonds of November 5, 2002.
  • kind  - one or more related species or subspecies singly or collectively known by one common name, such as soybean, flax, or radish.
  • knock  - the combustion of a fuel spontaneously in localized areas of a cylinder of a spark-ignition engine, instead of the combustion of such fuel progressing from the spark.
  • knowingly  - a person has actual knowledge, or should have known, of the conduct, the circumstance, or the result.
  • knowingly  - that a person has actual knowledge, or should have known, of the conduct, the circumstance, or the result.
  • knowingly  - that a person has actual knowledge, or should have known, of the conduct, the circumstance,

  518   or the result. §8801 )

  • knowingly  - with knowledge or having reason to know.
  • knowledge  - comprehension and awareness of concepts and their relationships in a particular context is developed through a fluid mix of experience, values, intelligence, insight, and inspiration that provides a framework for decision-making.
  • knowledge management  - process in which an enterprise consciously and systematically gathers, organizes, shares, and exploits its vital knowledge in pursuit of its objectives.
  • knowledge management strategy  - detailed plan outlining how to implement knowledge management principles and practices in order to achieve organizational objectives.
  • knowledge product  - report or briefing package documenting conclusions from a study or assessment conducted by an S&T project and delivered to a customer can be captured in written form such as a study report, best practices/ guidelines, standard, intellectual property, product specification, manual, etc.
  • Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities  - The attributes required to perform a job as generally demonstrated through qualifying experience, education, and/ or training. Knowledge is a body of information applied directly to the performance of a function. Skill is a present, observable competence to perform a task proficiently. Ability is a present competence to perform an observable behavior or a behavior resulting in an observable product. Also called KSAs.
  • known error  - problem for which the root cause is understood and there is a temporary workaround or a permanent fix has been identified.
  • known error database  - database containing all known error records.
  • known error record  - document containing the details of a known error and documents the lifecycle of a known error includes the status, root cause and workaround.
  • known wind resource  - a site with an estimated average annual wind velocity of at least twelve miles per hour.
  • Korean conflict  - the period beginning on June 27, 1950, and ending on January 31, 1955.
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