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  550   employment in which the device is attached to the target using magnets. Terms )

  • magnetic contact  - magnetically actuated switch and a magnet, typically used on doors and windows to detect opening by changing the position of the magnet.
  • magnetic fusion  - the use of magnetic fields to confine a very hot, fully ionized gas of light nuclei, so that the fusion process can occur.
  • magnetic mine  - A mine that responds to the magnetic field of a target.
  • magnetic strip encoding  - strip of magnetic material located along one edge of the badge that is encoded with data.
  • magnetic trigger  - proximity trigger that senses magnetic alterations in the area around the sensor and causes a circuit to be completed, firing the device.
  • mail  - A letter, flat, parcel, or nonconveyable on which U.S. postage has been paid and which is deposited into the U.S. Postal System either domestically or via a DPO. Mail that is delivered to DPM/ C and DPM/ U for transmittal to a post abroad by diplomatic pouch becomes an item upon delivery into the DPM system, at which point it ceases to be subject to USPS rules and regulations and becomes subject to Department rules and regulations.
  • mail control officer  - Direct-hire U.S. citizen, cleared at the appropriate level for the mail and correspondence handled, who is responsible for enforcing regulations relating to mail, correspondence, and items at bureaus and posts abroad.
  • mail embargo  - A temporary shutdown or redirection of mail flow to or from a specific location.
  • mail operations center  - The facilities at HST, SA-44, and SA-1 that are operated by A/ LM/ PMP/ DPM and that process mail, items, and correspondence for the Department.
  • mail screening facility  - At posts abroad, a facility outside the main building, preferably a removable modular facility, or in an area or device that has its own ventilation system, where mail is screened for suspicious characteristics before entry into the U.S. Government facility.
  • mail stop  - A physical location where an internal messenger system picks up and delivers mail.
  • main operating base  - A facility outside the United States and US territories with permanently stationed operating forces and robust infrastructure. Main operating bases are characterized by command and control structures, enduring family support facilities, and strengthened force protection measures. Also called MOB. See also cooperative security location; forward operating site.
  • main state messaging center administrator  - An administrator at SMART's central site, the Departments Messaging Center. Also called MSMC administrator.
  • main supply route  - The route or routes designated within an operational area upon which the bulk of traffic flows in support of military operations. Also called MSR.
  • mainframe  - A high-performance information system designed to support a large organization, handle intensive computational tasks, support a large number of users, and make use of large volumes of secondary storage.

  551

  • mainland state  - a State other than an offshore State.
  • maintainability  - ability of a system or product to be retained in, or restored to a specified condition when maintenance is performed by personnel having the specified skill levels, using prescribed procedures and resources, at each prescribed level of maintenance and repair.
  • maintenance  - 1. All action, including inspection, testing, servicing, classification as to serviceability, repair, rebuilding, and reclamation, taken to retain materiel in a serviceable condition or to restore it to serviceability. 2. All supply and repair action taken to keep a force in condition to carry out its mission. 3. The routine recurring work required to keep a facility in such condition that it may be continuously used at its original or designed capacity and efficiency for its intended purpose.
  • maintenance  - Organizations must- (1) Perform periodic and timely maintenance on organizational information systems; and (2) Provide effective controls on the tools, techniques, mechanisms, and personnel used to conduct information system maintenance. Also called MA.
  • maintenance  - the work required to preserve and to maintain residential and nonresidential real property in such condition that it may be effectively used for its designated purpose. Maintenance includes cyclic work done to prevent damage that would be more costly to restore than to prevent, as well as work to sustain components. Examples include painting, caulking, refastening loose siding, sealing bituminous pavements, and the preventive maintenance of building systems. Painting done in connection with repair work (i.e., as a result of the repairs) is properly classified as repair. This maintenance excludes building operating expenses (BOE) as defined in 15 FAM 120. BOE is funded by the posts Diplomatic and Consular Programs (D&CP), the occupant agency, or ICASS.
  • maintenance and repair  - Funds allotted to posts by the Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations
  • maintenance and upkeep  - all maintenance and general upkeep of a levee performed on a regular and consistent basis that is not repair and rehabilitation.
  • maintenance applicator  - any individual who, in the principal course of such individual's employment, uses, or supervises the use of, a pesticide not classified for restricted use (other than a ready to use consumer products pesticide); for the purpose of providing structural pest control or lawn pest control including janitors, general maintenance personnel, sanitation personnel, and grounds maintenance personnel. The term maintenance applicator does not include private applicators; individuals who use antimicrobial pesticides, sanitizers or disinfectants; individuals employed by Federal, State, and local governments or any political subdivisions thereof, or individuals who use pesticides not classified for restricted use in or around their homes, boats, sod farms, nurseries, greenhouses, or other noncommercial property.
  • maintenance planning  - process of detailing actions necessary to retain or restore an item to a specified condition and consists of: preventive maintenance, corrective maintenance, event maintenance, and scheduled maintenance.
  • major acquisition  - capital assets that, in the determination of the Department or agency, require special management attention because of their importance to the agency mission; high development, operating, or maintenance costs; high risk; high return; or their significant role in the administration of agency programs, finances, property, or other resources.
  • major alteration project  - a nuclear weapon system alteration project of the Administration the cost of which exceeds $750,000,000.

  552  

  • major application  - An application that requires special attention to security due to the risk and magnitude of harm resulting from the loss, misuse, or unauthorized access to or modification of the information in the application. Note - All federal applications require some level of protection. Certain applications, because of the information in them, however, require special management oversight and should be treated as major. Adequate security for other applications should be provided by security of the systems in which they operate.
  • major application  - An application that requires special attention to security due to the risk and magnitude of the harm resulting from the loss, misuse, or unauthorized access to or modification of the information in the application. A breach in a major application might compromise many individual application programs and hardware, software and telecommunications components. Major applications can be either a major software application or a combination of hardware/ software where the only purpose of the system is to support a specific mission-related function.
  • major business case  - budget justification and report on investments required by OMB Circular A-11
  • major contract  - each of the 6 largest prime, associate, or Government-furnished equipment contracts under a major system that is in excess of $40,000,000 and that is not a firm, fixed price contract.
  • major defense acquisition program  - a Department of Defense acquisition program that is a major defense acquisition program or that is designated as such a program by the Director.

major Department of Defense headquarters activities- (A) Each of the following organizations: (i ) The Office of the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Staff.(ii) The Office of the Secretary of the Army and the Army Staff.(iii) The Office of the Secretary of the Navy, the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, and Headquarters, Marine Corps.(iv) The Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and the Air Staff.(v) The Office of the Chief, National Guard Bureau, and the National Guard Joint Staff. (B)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), headquarters elements of each of the following:(I) The combatant commands, the sub-unified commands, and subordinate commands that directly report to such commands.(II) The major commands of the military departments and the subordinate commands that directly report to such commands.(III) The component commands of the military departments.(IV) The Defense Agencies, the Department of Defense field activities, and the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense. (V) Department of Defense components that report directly to the organizations.(ii) Subordinate commands and direct-reporting components otherwise described in clause (i) that do not have significant functions other than operational, operational intelligence, or tactical functions, or training for operational, operational intelligence, or tactical functions, are not headquarters elements.

  • major disaster  - any natural catastrophe (including any hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought), or, regardless of cause, any fire, flood, or explosion, in any part of the United States, which in the determination of the President causes damage of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant major disaster assistance under this chapter to supplement the efforts and available resources of States, local governments, and disaster relief organizations in alleviating the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering caused thereby.
  • major disaster  - natural catastrophe (including any hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought) or, regardless of cause, any fire, flood, or explosion, in any part of the United States, which in the determination of the President causes damage of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant major disaster assistance under the Robert T. Stafford Act to supplement the efforts and available resources of States, local governments, and disaster relief organizations in alleviating the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering caused thereby.

  553

  • major disaster  - Under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, any natural catastrophe (including any hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought) or, regardless of cause, any fire, flood, or explosion in any part of the United States that, in the determination of the President, causes damage of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant major disaster assistance under the Stafford Act to supplement the efforts and available resources of States, local governments, and disaster relief organizations in alleviating the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering caused thereby.
  • major drug producing country  - a country that illicitly produces during a fiscal year 5 metric tons or more of opium or opium derivative, 500 metric tons or more of coca, or 500 metric tons or more of marijuana.
  • major drug-transit country  - a country (A) that is a significant direct source of illicit narcotic or psychotropic drugs or other controlled substances significantly affecting the United States; or (B) through which are transported such drugs or substances.

major drug-transit country- (A) that is a significant direct source of illicit narcotic or psychotropic drugs or other controlled substances significantly affecting the United States; or (B) through which are transported such drugs or substances.

  • major drug-transit country  - a country (A) that is a significant direct source of illicit narcotic or psychotropic drugs or other controlled substances significantly affecting the United States; (B) through which are transported such drugs or substances; or (C) through which significant sums of drug-related profits or monies are laundered with the knowledge or complicity of the government.
  • major emitting facility  - any of the following stationary sources of air pollutants which emit, or have the potential to emit, one hundred tons per year or more of any air pollutant from the following types of stationary sources: fossil-fuel fired steam electric plants of more than two hundred and fifty million British thermal units per hour heat input, coal cleaning plants (thermal dryers), kraft pulp mills, Portland Cement plants, primary zinc smelters, iron and steel mill plants, primary aluminum ore reduction plants, primary copper smelters, municipal incinerators capable of charging more than fifty tons of refuse per day, hydrofluoric, sulfuric, and nitric acid plants, petroleum refineries, lime plants, phosphate rock processing plants, coke oven batteries, sulfur recovery plants, carbon black plants (furnace process), primary lead smelters, fuel conversion plants, sintering plants, secondary metal production facilities, chemical process plants, fossil-fuel boilers of more than two hundred and fifty million British thermal units per hour heat input, petroleum storage and transfer facilities with a capacity exceeding three hundred thousand barrels, taconite ore processing facilities, glass fiber processing plants, charcoal production facilities. Such term also includes any other source with the potential to emit two hundred and fifty tons per year or more of any air pollutant. This term shall not include new or modified facilities which are nonprofit health or education institutions which have been exempted by the State.
  • major enhanced-use lease  - an enhanced-use lease that includes consideration consisting of an average annual rent of more than $10,000,000.
  • major event  - planned, non-emergency activity that draws national attention significant or designated non-emergency activity requiring additional security, such as inaugurals, State of the Union addresses, the Olympics, and international summit conferences.
  • major force  - A military organization comprised of major combat elements and associated combat support, combat service support, and sustainment increments.
  • major functions of an institution  - instruction, organized research, other sponsored activities and other institutional activities as defined below: a. Instruction means the teaching and training activities of

  554   an institution. Except for research training , this term includes all teaching and training activities, whether they are offered for credits toward a degree or certificate or on a non-credit basis, and whether they are offered through regular academic departments or separate divisions, such as a summer school division or an extension division. Also considered part of this major function are departmental research, and, where agreed to, university research. (1) Sponsored instruction and training means specific instructional or training activity established by grant, contract, or cooperative agreement. For purposes of the cost principles, this activity may be considered a major function even though an institution's accounting treatment may include it in the instruction function. (2) Departmental research means research, development and scholarly activities that are not organized research and, consequently, are not separately budgeted and accounted for. Departmental research, for purposes of this document, is not considered as a major function, but as a part of the instruction function of the institution. Circular A‐21 )

  • major hazard  - natural or human-induced phenomenon that has the potential for significant and substantial harm to human health, property, activity, and/ or animals or the environment.
  • major illicit drug producing country  - a country in which- (A) 1,000 hectares or more of illicit opium poppy is cultivated or harvested during a year; (B) 1,000 hectares or more of illicit coca is cultivated or harvested during a year; or (C) 5,000 hectares or more of illicit cannabis is cultivated or harvested during a year, unless the President determines that such illicit cannabis production does not significantly affect the United States.
  • major illicit drug producing country  - A) 1,000 hectares or more of illicit opium poppy is cultivated or harvested during a year; (B) 1,000 hectares or more of illicit coca is cultivated or harvested during a year; or(C) 5,000 hectares or more of illicit cannabis is cultivated or harvested during a year, unless the President determines that such illicit cannabis production does not significantly affect the United States.
  • major incident IT service  - highest category of impact for an incident.
  • major industrial country  - any such country and any instrumentality of such a country.
  • major information system  - a system that is part of an investment that requires special management attention and agency policies, a “major automated information system” or a system that is part of a major acquisition consisting of information resources.
  • major information system  - information system that requires special management attention because of its importance to an agency mission; its high development, operating, or maintenance costs; or its significant role in the administration of agency programs, finances, property, or other resources.
  • major information technology investment  - an investment that requires special management attention as defined in OMB guidance and agency policies, a “major automated information system”, or a major acquisition consisting of information resources.
  • major investment  - investments that require an Exhibit 300includes all Level 1 and 2 investments, as well as Level 3 IT investments in accordance with the investment thresholds defined in Directive 102-01.
  • major life activity  - basic activities that the average person can perform with little or no difficulty includes (but not limited to) caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, concentrating, thinking, interacting with others, and working; can also include the operation of a major bodily function.

  555

  • major manufacturing industry  - the aerospace, automotive, electronics, shipbuilding, construction, home building, furniture, textile, and apparel industries and such other industries as the Director designates.
  • major money laundering country  - a country whose financial institutions engage in currency transactions involving significant amounts of proceeds from international narcotics trafficking.
  • major non-NATO ally  - a country which is designated as a major non-NATO ally for purposes of this Act and the Arms Export Control Act.
  • major non-NATO ally  - a country that has been so designated in accordance with the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
  • major non-NATO ally  - a country which is designated as a major non-NATO ally for purposes of this chapter and the Arms Export Control Act.
  • major oil company  - any person who, individually or together with any other person with respect to which such person has an affiliate relationship or significant ownership interest, produced during a prior 6–month period specified by the Secretary, an average daily volume of 1,600,000 barrels of crude oil, natural gas liquids equivalents, and natural gas equivalents.
  • major operation  - 1. A series of tactical actions (battles, engagements, strikes) conducted by combat forces of a single or several Services, coordinated in time and place, to achieve strategic or operational objectives in an operational area. 2. For noncombat operations, a reference to the relative size and scope of a military operation. See also operation.
  • major program  - A Federal program determined by the auditor to be a major program in accordance with A-133 ___.520 or a program identified as a major program by a Federal agency or pass- through entity in accordance with A-133 ___.215(c).
  • major program  - a Federal program determined by the auditor to be a major program or a program identified as a major program by a Federal agency or pass-through entity.
  • major program  - an activity approved to proceed to implementation that has an estimated life-cycle cost of more than $250,000,000.
  • major program  - an activity approved to proceed to implementation that has an estimated life-cycle cost of more than $250,000,000.
  • major range and test facility base  - the test and evaluation facilities and resources that are designated by the Secretary of Defense as facilities and resources comprising the Major Range and Test Facility Base.
  • major renovation  - work to an existing facility that is beyond cosmetic (e.g., replacing carpeting, painting, or hanging wallpaper) that affects more than 10,000 square feet or that costs $200,000 or more.
  • major source  - any stationary source or group of stationary sources located within a contiguous area and under common control that emits or has the potential to emit considering controls, in the aggregate, 10 tons per year or more of any hazardous air pollutant or 25 tons per year or more of any combination of hazardous air pollutants. The Administrator may establish a lesser quantity, or in the case of radionuclides different criteria, for a major source than that specified in the previous

  556   sentence, on the basis of the potency of the air pollutant, persistence, potential for bioaccumulation, other characteristics of the air pollutant, or other relevant factors.

  • major stationary source and major emitting facility  - any stationary facility or source of air pollutants which directly emits, or has the potential to emit, one hundred tons per year or more of any air pollutant (including any major emitting facility or source of fugitive emissions of any such pollutant, as determined by rule by the Administrator).
  • major subprogram  - a major subprogram of a major defense acquisition program designated.
  • major system  - a combination of elements that will function together to produce the capabilities required to fulfill a mission need. The elements may include hardware, equipment, software or any combination thereof, but excludes construction or other improvements to real property. A system shall be considered a major system if (A) conditions are satisfied, or (B) the system is designated a major system by the head of the agency responsible for the system.
  • major system  - any significant program of an element of the intelligence community with projected total development and procurement costs exceeding $500,000,000 (based on fiscal year 2010 constant dollars), which costs shall include all end-to-end program costs, including costs associated with the development and procurement of the program and any other costs associated with the development and procurement of systems required to support or utilize the program.
  • major system  - combination of elements that will function together to produce the capabilities required to fulfill a mission need, including hardware, equipment, software, or any combination thereof, but excluding construction or other improvements to real property.
  • major system  - that combination of elements that will function together to produce the capabilities required to fulfill a mission need. The elements may include hardware, equipment, software, or any combination thereof, but exclude construction or other improvements to real property. A system is a major system if — (1) The Department of Defense is responsible for the system and the total expenditures for research, development, test, and evaluation for the system are estimated to be more than $185 million based on Fiscal Year 2014 constant dollars or the eventual total expenditure for the acquisition exceeds $835 million based on Fiscal Year 2014 constant dollars (or any update of these thresholds based on a more recent fiscal year; (2) A civilian agency is responsible for the system and total expenditures for the system are estimated to exceed $2 million or the dollar threshold for a “major system” established by the agency pursuant to Office of Management and Budget Circular A-109, entitled “Major System Acquisitions,” whichever is greater; or (3) The system is designated a “major system” by the head of the agency responsible for the system.
  • major wine trading country  - any foreign country, or group of foreign countries, designated as such.(4 ) The phrase nontariff barrier to (or other distortion of), in the context of trade in United States wine, includes any measure implemented by the government of a major wine trading country that either gives a competitive advantage to the wine industry of that country or restricts the importation of United States wine into that country.
  • make  - when referring to a passenger motor vehicle - is the trade name of the manufacturer of the vehicle.
  • make-or-buy program  - that part of a contractor’s written plan for a contract identifying those major items to be produced or work efforts to be performed in the prime contractor’s facilities and those to be subcontracted.
  • malicious code  - Software or firmware intended to perform an unauthorized process that will have adverse impact on the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of an information system. A virus,

  557 worm, Trojan horse, or other code-based entity that infects a host; spyware and some forms of adware are also examples of malicious code. FAM 091 )

  • malicious cyber command and control  - a method for unauthorized remote identification of, access to, or use of, an information system or information that is stored on, processed by, or transiting an information system.
  • malicious reconnaissance  - a method for actively probing or passively monitoring an information system for the purpose of discerning security vulnerabilities of the information system, if such method is associated with a known or suspected cybersecurity threat.
  • malintent  - intention to cause harm mental and psychophysiological state of persons intending to cause harm.
  • mall municipal or rural cooperative electric powerplant  - an electric generating unit, which (A) by design is not capable of consuming fuel at a fuel heat input rate in excess of a rate determined appropriate by the Secretary by rule; and (B) is owned or operated by a municipality or a rural electric cooperative.
  • malnutrition  - poor nutritional status caused by nutritional deficiency or excess.
  • maltreatment  - similar to abuse implies long-term cruel or rude treatment, inadequate or inedible food, lack of adequate warmth or shelter, lack of adequate exercise, etc.
  • malware  - See malicious code.
  • mammogram  - a radiographic image produced through mammography.
  • mammography  - radiography of the breast.
  • management Directorate ] - Department of Homeland Security Support Component that administers the financial management, procurement, acquisition, human resources, enterprise-wide learning and development, personnel, information technology and communications systems, security for personnel, facilities, property, equipment and other material resources, grants and other assistance management programs as well as the identification and tracking of performance measurements relating to the responsibilities of DHS.
  • management capacity  - the capacity to manage the program or system through the use of highly qualified organizations and personnel with appropriate experience, knowledge, and skills.
  • management control coordinator  - A senior-level manager designated by an Assistant Secretary, office head, or chief of mission (COM) to ensure that the requirements of the FMFIA and the Departments management control program are adequately carried out by the bureau, office, or post. Also serves as the bureau liaison to the Office of Management Control staff.
  • management control evaluation  - A detailed evaluation of a program or activity to determine whether adequate and appropriate control techniques exist. There are two types- (1) Management control review is a detailed evaluation of the existing systems of management controls to determine whether necessary controls are in place and producing the intended results; and (2) Alternative management control review is an Office of Inspector General (OIG) audit or a financial, a computer security system management, or a consulting review. The review determines that the control techniques of

  558   the activity are operating in compliance with Circular A-123. These types of reviews can be used in lieu of a management control review if they encompass the same scope and techniques of a management control review.

  • management control officer  - The Chief Financial Officer (CFO), who is designated by the Secretary of State to direct the Departments implementation of and compliance with the Federal Managers Financial Integrity Act.
  • management control system (or system of management control)  - The organizational structure, operating procedures, and administrative practices adopted by all levels of management to provide reasonable assurance that programs and administrative activities are effectively carried out in accordance with the objectives of the Federal Managers Financial Integrity Act (FMFIA) and OMB Circular A-123, revised.
  • management control system documentation  - Consists of written policies, organization charts, procedures, manuals, memoranda, flow charts, decision tables, software, and other related written materials pertaining to controls within each Department segment. This documentation must be current and permanently on file. Such documentation will serve to- (1) Describe the management control methods and measures; (2) Communicate responsibilities and authorities for operating such methods and measures; and (3) Assist in the review of the management controls and their functioning.
  • management control techniques  - The processes and documents used to efficiently and effectively accomplish a management control objective and thus help safeguard an activity from waste, loss, unauthorized use, or misappropriation.
  • management controls  - The security controls (i.e., safeguards or countermeasures) for an information system that focus on the management of risk for the system. Management controls include risk management, review of security controls, system lifecycle controls, processing authorization controls, system security plan controls, and privacy controls.
  • management decision  - the evaluation by the Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity of the audit findings and corrective action plan and the issuance of a written decision as to what corrective action is necessary.
  • management decision  - The evaluation by the Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity of the audit findings and corrective action plan and the issuance of a written decision as to what corrective action is necessary.
  • management decision  - When the management of an action office for an OIG recommendation informs OIG of its intended course of action in response to a recommendation. If OIG accepts the management decision, the recommendation is considered resolved. If OIG does not accept the management decision and the issue cannot be resolved after a reasonable effort to achieve agreement, the Inspector General may choose to take it to impasse.
  • management line of business chief  - individual delegated within the Management Directorate with responsibilities for a set of one or more highly related services (administrative, financial, human resources, information technology, procurement, and security).
  • management officer  - An officer of the Department who is responsible for the day-to-day operations in a domestic office or bureau or at a post abroad.
  • management officer or counselor  - The State Department officer responsible for managing all administrative and support activities of a post abroad, except for USAID activities under independent administration. Responsibilities include management and budgeting of real property

  559 operations.

  • management official  - A supervisor, human resource officer, management officer, or other management official who has personal knowledge of, or receives information relating to, an incident or allegation that may serve as grounds for disciplinary action.
  • management official  - an individual employed by an agency in a position the duties and responsibilities of which require or authorize the individual to formulate, determine, or influence the policies of the agency.
  • management official  - The bureau executive director or, overseas, the management counselor or officer.
  • management or internal control objective  - A desired goal or condition to be achieved by the control techniques used on a component. Each objective is to take into consideration the nature of the component and the requirements of Circular A-123 (revised). Limiting factors such as budget constraints, statutory and regulatory restrictions, staff limitations, and the cost-benefits of each control technique are to be considered in determining desired management control objectives.
  • management-in-place asbestos  - principle of maintaining intact, undisturbed asbestos such that it does not become damaged or disturbed and, as a result, release asbestos fibers to the ambient air.
  • manager/ supervisor  - person in a position responsible for overseeing employees, projects, programs or departments in a business.
  • manager/ supervisor position classification standard  - occurrence of a position requiring an individual to oversee employees, projects, programs, or departments in a business, and where the NFC Position Supervisory Code is either 2 or 4.
  • managerial capacity  - a. In the context of E1 priority worker immigrant visa classification, managerial capacity as defined in INA 101(a)(44)(A) means an assignment within an organization in which the employee primarily- (1) Manages the organization, or a department, subdivision, function, or component of the organization; (2) Supervises and controls the work of other supervisory, professional, or managerial employees, or manages an essential function within the organization, or a department or subdivision of the organization; (3) If another employee or other employees are directly supervised, has the authority to hire and fire or recommend those as well as other personnel actions (such as promotion and leave authorization) or, if no other employee is directly supervised, functions at a senior level within the organization hierarchy or with respect to the function managed; and (4) Exercises discretion over the day-to-day operations of the activity or function for which the employee has authority. b. A first-line supervisor is not considered to be acting in a managerial capacity merely by virtue of supervisory responsibilities unless the employees supervised are professional.
  • managerial capacity  - an assignment within an organization in which the employee primarily- (i ) manages the organization, or a department, subdivision, function, or component of the organization; (ii) supervises and controls the work of other supervisory, professional, or managerial employees, or manages an essential function within the organization, or a department or subdivision of the organization; (iii) if another employee or other employees are directly supervised, has the authority to hire and fire or recommend those as well as other personnel actions (such as promotion and leave authorization) or, if no other employee is directly supervised, functions at a senior level within the organizational hierarchy or with respect to the function managed; and (iv) exercises discretion over the day-to-day operations of the activity or function for which the employee has authority. A first- line supervisor is not considered to be acting in a managerial capacity merely by virtue of the supervisor's supervisory duties unless the employees supervised are professional.

  560  

  • managing state projects  - A project management methodology consisting of periods, phases, activities, and control gates, designed specifically for the Department of State. Also called MSP.
  • mandatory declassification review  - the review for declassification of classified information in response to a request for declassification that meets the requirements.
  • mandatory separation  - action effected by the agency to separate an employee from a position, with prior notice includes: law enforcement officer; firefighter; nuclear materials courier; or customs and border protection officer.
  • man-day  - any day during which an employee performs any agricultural labor for not less than one hour.
  • maneuver  - 1. A movement to place ships, aircraft, or land forces in a position of advantage over the enemy. 2. A tactical exercise carried out at sea, in the air, on the ground, or on a map in imitation of war. 3. The operation of a ship, aircraft, or vehicle, to cause it to perform desired movements. 4. Employment of forces in the operational area through movement in combination with fires to achieve a position of advantage in respect to the enemy. See also mission; operation.
  • manifest  - the form used for identifying the quantity, composition, and the origin, routing, and destination of hazardous waste during its transportation from the point of generation to the point of disposal, treatment, or storage.
  • man-made disaster  - human-caused incident resulting in severe property damage, deaths, and/ or multiple injuries includes such events as airplane accidents, nuclear disasters, oil spills, structural flaws or failures, war, genocide, terrorist attacks.
  • manpower management  - The means of manpower control to ensure the most efficient and economical use of available manpower.
  • manpower requirements  - Human resources needed to accomplish specified work loads of organizations.
  • manual driving distraction  - Tasks that require the driver to take a hand off the steering wheel to perform a non-steering task (such as dialing a phone number, sending a text message, tuning a radio, eating, or self-grooming).
  • manual driving distraction  - Tasks that require the driver to take a hand off the steering wheel to perform a non-steering task (such as dialing a phone number, sending a text message, tuning a radio, eating, or self-grooming).
  • manual workaround  - method requiring human intervention to circumvent a problem without eliminating it when the usual or planned method isn't working.

manufacture, preparation, compounding, or processing -repackaging or otherwise changing the container, wrapper, or labeling of any tobacco product package in furtherance of the distribution of the tobacco product from the original place of manufacture to the person who makes final delivery or sale to the ultimate consumer or user.

  • manufactured fiber  - any fiber derived by a process of manufacture from any substance which, at any point in the manufacturing process, is not a fiber.

manufacturer- (A) a contractor or subcontractor of a manufacturer; (B) a supplier or licenser of any product, intellectual property, service, research tool, or component or other article used in the design, development, clinical testing, investigation, or manufacturing of a covered countermeasure;   561 and (C) any or all of the parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, successors, and assigns of a manufacturer.

  • manufacturer  - a person (A) engaged in manufacturing or assembling new passenger motor vehicles; (B ) importing new passenger motor vehicles for resale; or (C) acting for and under the control of such a manufacturer, assembler, or importer in connection with the distribution of new passenger motor vehicles.
  • manufacturer  - a person (A) manufacturing or assembling passenger motor vehicles or passenger motor vehicle equipment; or (B) importing motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment for resale.
  • manufacturer  - any corporation, organization, or institution, whether public or private (including Federal, State, and local departments, agencies, and instrumentalities), which manufactures, imports, processes, or distributes under its label any vaccine set forth in the Vaccine Injury Table, except that such term shall include the manufacturer of any other vaccine. The term manufacture means to manufacture, import, process, or distribute a vaccine.
  • manufacturer  - any person engaged in the business of buying milk in commerce for the purpose of manufacturing dairy products.
  • manufacturer  - any person engaged in the business of manufacturing explosive materials for purposes of sale or distribution or for his own use.
  • manufacturer  - any person who imports, manufactures, or assembles motor vehicles for sale.

manufacturer- (A) a person engaged in the business of manufacturing automobiles, including a predecessor or successor of the person to the extent provided under regulations prescribed by the Secretary; and (B) if more than one person is the manufacturer of an automobile, the person specified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary.

  • manufacturing technology  - techniques and processes designed to improve manufacturing quality, productivity, and practices, including quality control, shop floor management, inventory management, and worker training, as well as manufacturing equipment and software.
  • maquiladora  - an entity located in Mexico that assembles and produces goods from imported parts for export to the United States.
  • marine air command and control system  - A system that provides the aviation combat element commander with the means to command, coordinate, and control all air operations within an assigned sector and to coordinate air operations with other Services. Also called MACCS. See also direct air support center; tactical air operations center.
  • marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy  - electrical energy from — (1) waves, tides, and currents in oceans, estuaries, and tidal areas;
(2) free flowing water in rivers, lakes, and streams;
(3) free flowing water in man-made channels; and
(4) differentials in ocean temperature (ocean thermal energy conversion).
  • marine boundaries  - offshore waters and seabeds over which the United States has sovereignty and jurisdiction.
  • Marine Corps  - the United States Marine Corps. It includes the Regular Marine Corps, the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, and the Marine Corps Reserve.

  562  

  • Marine Corps special operations forces  - Those Active Component Marine Corps forces designated by the Secretary of Defense that are specifically organized, trained, and equipped to conduct and support special operations. Also called MARSOF.
  • marine debris  - any persistent solid material that is manufactured or processed and directly or indirectly, intentionally or unintentionally, disposed of or abandoned into the marine environment or the Great Lakes.
  • marine environment  - an all-inclusive term that was developed to cover land and water areas that could be affected by pollution from all vessels and not only tank vessels.
  • marine environment  - the coastal environment, waters of the contiguous zone, and waters of the high seas; the fish, wildlife, and other living resources of such waters; and the recreational and scenic values of such waters and resources.
  • marine environment  - the navigable waters of the United States and the land and resources therein and thereunder; the waters and fishery resources of any area over which the United States asserts exclusive fishery management authority; the seabed and subsoil of the Outer Continental Shelf of the United States, the resources thereof and the waters superjacent thereto; and the recreational, economic, and scenic values of such waters and resources.
  • marine environment  - the physical, atmospheric, and biological components, conditions, and factors which interactively determine the productivity, state, condition, and quality of the marine ecosystem, including the waters of the high seas, the contiguous zone, transitional and intertidal areas, salt marshes, and wetlands within the coastal zone and on the outer Continental Shelf.
  • marine pollution control device  - any equipment or management practice, for installation or use on board a vessel of the Armed Forces, that is- (A) designed to receive, retain, treat, control, or discharge a discharge incidental to the normal operation of a vessel; and (B) determined by the Administrator and the Secretary of Defense to be the most effective equipment or management practice to reduce the environmental impacts of the discharge consistent with the considerations set forth.
  • marine sanitation device  - any equipment for installation on board a vessel which is designed to receive, retain, treat, or discharge sewage, and any process to treat such sewage.
  • marine transportation system  - set of waterways, ports and inter-modal connections, vessels, vehicles, and system users, as well as federal maritime navigation systems in which marine vessels operate consists of waterways, ports and inter-modal connections, vessels, vehicles, and system users, as well as federal maritime navigation systems.
  • maritime administration ready reserve force  - The surge sealift assets owned and operated by the United States Department of Transportation/ Maritime Administration and Military Sealift Command (in contingency), crewed by civilian mariners. Also called MARAD RRF. See also National Defense Reserve Fleet.
  • maritime area of interest  - particular geographic point, such as sea lanes or oceanic regions, on which surveillance capabilities are focused.
  • maritime domain  - sphere of knowledge, influence and activity concerning areas and things of, on, under, relating to, adjacent to, or bordering on a seas, ocean, or other navigable waterway includes all maritime-related activities, infrastructure, people, cargo, and vessels and other conveyances.
  • maritime domain  - The oceans, seas, bays, estuaries, islands, coastal areas, and the airspace above these,

  563 including the littorals. JP 3‐32 )

  • maritime domain awareness  - effective understanding of information, threats, and anything associated with the global maritime domain that could impact the security, safety, economy, or environment of the United States.
  • maritime domain awareness  - The effective understanding of anything associated with the maritime domain that could impact the security, safety, economy, or environment of a nation. Also called MDA.
  • maritime environment  - complex union and interaction between oceans, seas, bays, estuaries, and other major water bodies, with the atmosphere and land seaward of the mean high water mark includes weather, currents, natural resources, and fish stocks.
  • maritime forces  - Forces that operate on, under, or above the sea to gain or exploit command of the sea, sea control, or sea denial and/ or to project power from the sea.
  • maritime interception operations  - Efforts to monitor, query, and board merchant vessels in international waters to enforce sanctions against other nations such as those in support of United Nations Security Council Resolutions and/ or prevent the transport of restricted goods. Also called MIO.
  • Maritime Operations Center  - Navy facility organized, manned and responsible for operational level coordination, synchronization, & guidance of near term planning & execution.
  • maritime power projection  - Power projection in and from the maritime environment, including a broad spectrum of offensive military operations to destroy enemy forces or logistic support or to prevent enemy forces from approaching within enemy weapons’ range of friendly forces.
  • maritime pre-positioning force operation  - A rapid deployment and assembly of a Marine expeditionary force in a secure area using a combination of intertheater airlift and forward-deployed maritime pre-positioning ships. Also called MPF operation. See also maritime pre-positioning ships.
  • maritime pre-positioning ships  - Civilian-crewed, Military Sealift Command-chartered ships that are usually forward-deployed and loaded with pre-positioned equipment and up to 30 days of supplies to support Marine expeditionary brigades. Also called MPSs. See also Navy cargo handling battalion.
  • maritime security level  - warning level set for a specified maritime region to reflect the prevailing threat environment to the marine elements of the national transportation system includes; ports, vessels, facilities, and critical assets and infrastructure located on or adjacent to waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
  • maritime security operations  - Those operations to protect maritime sovereignty and resources and to counter maritime-related terrorism, weapons proliferation, transnational crime, piracy, environmental destruction, and illegal seaborne immigration. Also called MSO.
  • Maritime Security Program  - A program authorized in the Maritime Security Act of 2003 requiring the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, to establish a fleet of active, commercially viable, militarily useful, privately-owned vessels to meet national defense and other security requirements. Also called MSP.
  • maritime superiority  - That degree of dominance of one force over another that permits the conduct of maritime operations by the former and its related land, maritime, and air forces at a given time and

  564   place without prohibitive interference by the opposing force. JP 3‐32 )

  • maritime terminal  - A facility for berthing ships simultaneously at piers, quays, and/ or working anchorages. Also called water terminal.
  • marker  - an assurance given by the Antitrust Division to a candidate for corporate leniency that no other company will be considered for leniency, for some finite period of time, while the candidate is given an opportunity to perfect its leniency application.
  • market  - the sale or disposition of swine, pork, or pork products in commerce.
  • market  - to sell or otherwise dispose of in commerce in the United States; market.
  • market formula purchase  - a formula purchase in a case in which the price formula is based on one or more futures or options contracts.
  • market research  - collecting and analyzing information about capabilities within the market to satisfy agency needs.
  • market research  - process used to collect, organize, maintain, analyze, and present data for the purpose of maximizing the capabilities, technology, and competitive force of the marketplace to meet an organization's needs for supplies or services.
  • market share  - the share of each manufacturer or importer of a class of tobacco product expressed as a decimal to the fourth place) of the total volume of domestic sales of the class of tobacco product during the base period for a fiscal year for an assessment.
  • marketing  - the sale or other disposition of livestock, livestock products, or meat or meat food products in commerce.
  • marking  - To maintain contact on a target from such a position that the marking unit has an immediate offensive capability.
  • mark-up  - The process by which congressional committees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed appropriation and authorization legislations.
  • marque  - the trade name used by a separate marketing division of a motor vehicle assembler.
  • marque  - the trade name used by a separate marketing division of a motor vehicle assembler.
  • marshalling  - 1. The process by which units participating in an amphibious or airborne operation group together or assemble when feasible or move to temporary camps in the vicinity of embarkation points, complete preparations for combat, or prepare for loading. 2. The process of assembling, holding, and organizing supplies and/ or equipment, especially vehicles of transportation, for onward movement. See also staging area.
  • marshalling area  - A location in the vicinity of a reception terminal or pre-positioned equipment storage site where arriving unit personnel, equipment, materiel, and accompanying supplies are reassembled, returned to the control of the unit commander, and prepared for onward movement. See also marshalling.

  565

  • mass atrocity response operations  - Military activities conducted to prevent or halt mass atrocities. Also called MARO.
  • mass balance  - an accumulation of the annual quantities of chemicals transported to a facility, produced at a facility, consumed at a facility, used at a facility, accumulated at a facility, released from a facility, and transported from a facility as a waste or as a commercial product or byproduct or component of a commercial product or byproduct.
  • mass casualty  - Any large number of casualties produced in a relatively short period of time, usually as the result of a single incident such as a military aircraft accident, hurricane, flood, earthquake, or armed attack that exceeds local logistic support capabilities. Also called MASCAL. See also casualty.
  • mass killings  - 3 or more killings in a single incident.
  • mass layoff  - a reduction in force which-
(A) is not the result of a plant closing; and
(B) results in an employment loss at the single site of employment during any 30-day period for-
(i)(I) at least 33 percent of the employees (excluding any part-time employees); and (II) at least 50 employees (excluding any part-time employees); or
(ii) at least 500 employees (excluding any part-time employees).
  • massed fire  - 1. The fire of the batteries of two or more ships directed against a single target. 2. Fire from a number of weapons directed at a single point or small area.
  • master  - The commander of a United States Naval Ship, a commercial ship, or a government-owned general agency agreement ship operated for the Military Sealift Command by a civilian company to transport Department of Defense cargo.
  • master  - the individual having command of a vessel. The master of a United States documented vessel must be a United States citizen.
  • master  - the person having the command of the vessel.
  • master air attack plan  - A plan that contains key information that forms the foundation of the joint air tasking order. Also called MAAP. See also target.
  • master key  - key that operates the entire master keyed locks or cylinders in a groupeach lock or cylinder is usually operated by its own change key.
  • master reference data  - A data management tool for housing reference data, such as the list of Organization Symbols or Organization Codes, for use in Department of State systems. The Bureau of Information Resource Management's Operations Systems and Integration Office, Enterprise Programming and Integration Division, Data Management Branch (IRM/ OPS/ SIO/ EPI/ DM) maintains this tool for use by all Department of State employees. Also called MRD.
  • master service level agreement  - A Master Service Level Agreement (MSLA) is an SLA that defines the core services available to a customer by virtue of the customers affiliation with an organization, in this case the Department of State. Generally, these are the underlying services provided to customers at no charge, but which are required for value-added business services to function. These are often provided on a best effort basis.
  • master solicitation  - a document containing special clauses and provisions that have been identified as

  566   essential for the acquisition of a specific type of supply or service that is acquired repetitively.

  • Master Training Guide  - A collection of tasks and associated conditions and standards of a specific joint organization. Tasks are derived from joint doctrine and are grouped by mission and/ or function to support organizational training. Also called MTG.
  • masters degree equivalent  - a bachelor degree plus five years of progressive experience in the professions should be considered as the equivalent of a master's degree.
  • matching agreement  - a written agreement between a recipient agency and a source agency (or a non- Federal agency) that is required by the Privacy Act for parties engaging in a matching program.
  • matching notice  - the notice published by an agency in the Federal Register upon the establishment, re- establishment, or modification of a matching program that describes the existence and character of the matching program. A matching notice identifies the agencies involved, the purpose(s) of the matching program, the authority for conducting the matching program, the records and individuals involved, and additional details about the matching program.
  • material  - a good that is used in the production of another good and includes a part or an ingredient.
  • material  - a good that is used in the production of another good, including a part or an ingredient.
  • material  - a good that is used in the production of another good, including a part or an ingredient.
  • material  - a good that is used in the production of another good, including a part or an ingredient.
  • material  - any data, regardless of physical form or characteristic, including written or printed matter, automated information systems storage media, maps, charts, paintings, drawings, films, photographs, engravings, sketches, working notes, papers, reproductions of any such things by any means or process, and sound, voice, magnetic, or electronic recordings.
  • material  - documentary material, tangible things, written reports or answers to questions, and transcripts of oral testimony.
  • material that is self-produced  - an originating material that is produced by a producer of a good and used in the production of that good.
  • material that is self-produced  - an originating material that is produced by a producer of a good and used in the production of that good.
  • material that is self-produced  - an originating material that is produced by a producer of a good and used in the production of that good.
  • material weaknesses  - Significant deficiencies in which the agency head determines to be significant enough to report outside of the agency. Such weakness would- (1) Significantly impair the fulfillment of the Departments mission; (2) Deprive the public of needed services; (3) Significantly weaken safeguards against waste, loss, unauthorized use, or misappropriation of funds, property, other assets or conflict of interest; (4) Merit the attention of the agency head/ senior management, the President, or the relevant congressional oversight committee; or (5) Be of a nature that omission from the report could reflect adversely on the actual or perceived management integrity of the

  567 agency.

  • materiality  - the misrepresentation was of direct and objective significance to the proper resolution of the alien's application for a visa. The Attorney General has declared the definition of materiality with respect to INA 212(a)(6)(C)(i) to be as follows - A misrepresentation made in connection with an application for a visa or other documents, or with entry into the United States, is material if either - a. The alien is inadmissible on the true facts; or b. The misrepresentation tends to shut off a line of inquiry which is relevant to the alien's eligibility and which might well have resulted in a proper determination that he or she be inadmissible.
  • materials  - A) any raw materials (including minerals, metals, and advanced processed materials), commodities, articles, components (including critical components), products, and items of supply; and (B) any technical information or services ancillary to the use of any such materials, commodities, articles, components, products, or items.
  • materials handling  - Any activity in which property is shipped, received, moved, stored, issued, or returned.

materials handling equipment. Equipment used at air, ground, and sea ports to handle large cargo. Also called MHE.

  • materiel  - All items necessary to equip, operate, maintain, and support military activities without distinction as to its application for administrative or combat purposes. See also equipment; personal property.
  • materiel  - equipment, apparatus, and supplies used by an organization or institution or required in some work or enterprise - distinguished from personnel within DHS includes; ships, aircraft, radios etc., and related spares, repair parts, and support equipment, but excludes real property, installations, and utilities.
  • materiel inventory objective  - The quantity of an item required to be on hand and on order on M-day in order to equip, provide a materiel pipeline, and sustain the approved United States force structure and those Allied forces designated for United States materiel support, through the period prescribed for war materiel planning purposes.
  • materiel planning  - A subset of logistic planning consisting of the four-step process of: a. requirements definition. Requirements for significant items are calculated at item-level detail to support sustainability planning and analysis. b. apportionment. Items are apportioned to the combatant commanders based on a global scenario to avoid sourcing of items to multiple theaters. c. sourcing. Sourcing is the matching of available capabilities on a given date against item requirements to support sustainability analysis and the identification of locations to support transportation planning. d. documentation. Sourced item requirements are translated into movement requirements and documented in the Joint Operation Planning and Execution System database for transportation feasibility analysis.
  • materiel release order  - An order issued by an accountable supply system manager directing a non- accountable activity within the same supply distribution complex to release and ship materiel. Also called MRO.
  • materiel requirements  - Those quantities of items of equipment and supplies necessary to equip, provide a materiel pipeline, and sustain a Service, formation, organization, or unit in the fulfillment of its purposes or tasks during a specified period.
  • matured loans  - the total principal amount of all loans made by a school under this subpart minus the total principal amount of loans made by such school to students who are- (i) enrolled in a full-time

  568   course of study at such school; or (ii) in their grace period. §292q )

  • maxi-cube vehicle  - a truck tractor combined with a semitrailer and a separable property-carrying unit designed to be loaded and unloaded through the semitrailer, with the length of the separable property-carrying unit being not more than 34 feet and the length of the vehicle combination being not more than 65 feet.
  • maximum contaminant level  - maximum permissible level of a contaminant in water that is delivered to any user of a public water system.
  • maximum contaminant level  - the maximum permissible level of a contaminant in water which is delivered to any user of a public water system.
  • maximum contaminant level goal  - maximum level of a contaminant in drinking water at which no known or anticipated adverse effect on the health of persons would occur and that (Environmental Protection Agency believes) allows an adequate margin of safety.
  • maximum efficient rate  - the maximum sustainable daily oil or gas rate from a reservoir which will permit economic development and depletion of that reservoir without detriment to the ultimate recovery.
  • maximum extent practicable  - maximum potential within the limitations used to determine planning resources and response times.
  • maximum ordinate  - In artillery and naval gunfire support, the height of the highest point in the trajectory of a projectile above the horizontal plane passing through its origin. Also called vertex height and MAXORD.
  • may  - denotes the permissive. However, the words “no person may…” mean that no person is required, authorized, or permitted to do the act described.
  • M-day  - Mobilization day; unnamed day on which mobilization of forces begins.
  • meals  - See the definition of per diem.
  • mean time to repair  - basic measure of the maintainability of repairable items representing the average
  • mean time to restore service  - measure of the total time from when an item initially fails until is it fully restored and delivering its normal functionality.
  • means of conveyance  - any personal property used for or intended for use for the movement of any other personal property.
  • means of emission limitation  - a system of continuous emission reduction (including the use of specific technology or fuels with specified pollution characteristics).
  • means or instrumentality of interstate commerce  - any facility of a national securities exchange.
  • means-tested Federal benefit program  - a program of the Federal Government, other than a program under subchapter IV, in which eligibility for the program's benefits, or the amount of such benefits,

  569 are determined on the basis of income or resources of the individual or family seeking the benefit.

  • measure of effectiveness  - A criterion used to assess changes in system behavior, capability, or operational environment that is tied to measuring the attainment of an end state, achievement of an objective, or creation of an effect. Also called MOE. See also combat assessment; mission.
  • measure of effectiveness  - operational outcome assessments that identify the most critical performance requirements needed to meet capability objectives and achievement of desired result.
  • measure of performance  - A criterion used to assess friendly actions that is tied to measuring task accomplishment. Also called MOP.
  • measure of performance  - assessment of physical or functional attributes relating to the execution of the system’s function.
  • measure of suitability  - assessment of the extent to which the system integrates well into the operation environment and consider such issues as supportability, human interface compatibility, and maintainability.
  • measurement and signature intelligence  - Information produced by quantitative and qualitative analysis of physical attributes of targets and events to characterize, locate, and identify targets and events, and derived from specialized, technically derived measurements of physical phenomenon intrinsic to an object or event. Also called MASINT. See also intelligence; scientific and technical intelligence.
  • Measurement and Signature Intelligence Requirements System  - A system for the management of theater and national measurement and signature intelligence collection requirements, providing automated tools for users in support of submission, review, and validation of measurement and signature intelligence nominations of requirements to be tasked for national and Department of Defense measurement and signature intelligence collection, production, and exploitation resources. Also called MRS. See also measurement and signature intelligence.
  • measurement areas  - Performance areas that identify the highest level of the Federal Enterprise Architecture (EA) Performance Reference Model (PRM) framework and capture aspects of performance at the input, output, and outcomes levels.
  • measurement grouping  - Subgroups within each measurement category of the PRM that describe specific types of measurement indicators.
  • measurement indicators  - Specific measures developed by a program sponsor, program, or project manager used to track, assess, and report the success or failure for a specific BRM line of business or subfunction, Department, program, or project initiative.
  • measurement ton  - The unit of volumetric measurement of equipment associated with surface-delivered cargo equal to the total cubic feet divided by 40. Also called MTON.
  • meat food products  - all products and byproducts of the slaughtering and meat-packing industry-if edible.
  • mechanical energy source  - retained spring in an improvised explosive device (IED) or improved weapon that acts as the energy source.
  • mechanical restraint  - the use of devices as a means of restricting a resident's freedom of movement.

  570  

  • mechanical sweep  - In naval mine warfare, any sweep used with the object of physically contacting the mine or its appendages.
  • mechanical timing switch  - timing switch (e.g., clock, timer, drip timer) constructed or modified so that physical contact between two parts of the timing device complete an electrical circuit initiating the device.
  • media  - Physical devices (e.g., magnetic tapes, optical disks, magnetic disks) which information is stored within an information system.
  • media complex  - person, organization, or entity (other than a federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government) who is (1) primarily engaged in the collection, production, or dissemination to the public of information in any form, which includes print, broadcast, film and internet; or (2) otherwise engaged in the collection, production, or dissemination to the public of information in any form related to topics of national security, which includes print, broadcast, film, and internet.
  • media engagement  - Interviews or written submissions for newspaper, magazine, TV, radio, documentary, or other media organizations or products, including online forums.
  • media operations center  - A facility established by the commander to serve as the focal point for the interface between the military and the media during the conduct of military operations. Also called MOC.
  • media organization  - A person or entity engaged in disseminating information to the general public through a newspaper, magazine, other publication, radio, television, or other means of mass communication, including online forums such as blogs.
  • media pool  - A limited number of news media who represent a larger number of news media organizations for purposes of news gathering and sharing of material during a specified activity. See also public affairs.
  • media protection  - Organizations must- (1) Protect information system media, both paper and digital;
  • medical care  - amounts paid for-(A) the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or amounts paid for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body,(B) amounts paid for transportation primarily for and essential to medical care referred to in subparagraph (A), and(C) amounts paid for insurance covering medical care referred to in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
  • medical certificate  - a written statement signed by a registered practicing physician or other practitioner, certifying to the incapacitation, examination or treatment, or to the period of disability while the patient was receiving professional treatment. For family care, employees may provide a written statement from the health care provider concerning the family members need for psychological comfort and/ or physical care.
  • medical civil-military operations  - All military health-related activities in support of a joint force commander that establish, enhance, maintain or influence relations between the joint or multinational force and host nation, multinational governmental and nongovernmental civilian organizations and authorities, and the civilian populace in order to facilitate military operations, achieve United States operational objectives, and positively impact the health sector. Also called MCMO.
  • medical countermeasures  - MCMs include both pharmaceutical interventions (e.g., vaccines, antimicrobials, antidotes, and antitoxins) and non-pharmaceutical MCM interventions (e.g.,

  571 ventilators, diagnostics, personal protective equipment, and patient decontamination methods) that may be used to prevent, mitigate, or treat the adverse health effects of a public health emergency. Security Review 2010‐2014, Terms )

  • medical countermeasures  - Medical countermeasures include both pharmaceutical interventions (e.g., vaccines, antimicrobials, antidotes, and antitoxins) and non-pharmaceutical medical countermeasure interventions (e.g., ventilators, diagnostics, personal protective equipment, and patient decontamination methods) that may be used to prevent, mitigate, or treat the adverse health effects of a public health emergency”.
  • medical documentation  - A statement from a licensed physician, which may be supplemented by a statement from another appropriate practitioner that provides information necessary to determine an employees entitlement to a disability retirement. This includes- (1) A history of the specific medical condition(s), including any references to findings from previous examinations, treatment, and responses to treatment; (2) Clinical findings from the most recent medical examination, including any of the following that have been obtained - findings of a physical examination; results of laboratory tests; copies of X-rays; an EKG report or other special evaluations or diagnostic procedures; and, in the case of a psychiatric disease, the findings of a mental status examination and the results of psychological tests; (3) Diagnosis; (4) Assessment of the current clinical status and plans for future treatment; (5) An estimate of the date of full or partial recovery, if any recovery is anticipated; (6) An explanation on the effect of the medical condition related to the performance of duties; and (7) Narrative explanation regarding the medical basis for any finding that warrants duty restrictions or accommodations and its therapeutic or risk avoiding value.
  • medical emergency  - A medical condition of either the employee or the employee's family member that is likely to require the employee to be absent from duty for a prolonged period and to result in a substantial loss of income (expected absence without available paid leave of at least 24 work hours for a full-time employee) because of the employee's lack of available paid leave. An employees or family members incapacity of at least 24 hours without available paid leave due to pregnancy, recovery from childbirth, or another serious health condition would constitute a medical emergency for purposes of the Voluntary Leave Transfer Program (VLTP) or Voluntary Leave Bank Program (VLBP).
  • medical engagement protocols  - Directives issued by competent military authority that delineate the circumstances and limitations under which United States medical forces will initiate medical care and support to those individuals that are not Department of Defense health care beneficiaries or designated eligible for care in a military medical treatment facility by the Secretary of Defense.
  • medical evaluation  - key components including history, examination, and medical decision making focused on symptomatic and related body systems for the purpose of diagnosing the etiology of hearing loss and related physical conditions, and for identifying appropriate treatment and referral options.
  • medical evaluation by a physician  - key components including history, examination, and medical decision making focused on symptomatic and related body systems for the purpose of diagnosing the etiology of hearing loss and related physical conditions, and for identifying appropriate treatment and referral options.
  • medical facility  - a hospital, public health center, outpatient medical facility, rehabilitation facility, facility for long-term care, or other facility (as may be designated by the Secretary) for the provision of health care to ambulatory patients.
  • medical facility  - any facility or part thereof which is, or will be, under the jurisdiction of the Secretary for the provision of health-care services (including hospital, nursing home, or domiciliary care or medical services), including any necessary building and auxiliary structure, garage, parking facility,

  572   mechanical equipment, trackage facilities leading thereto, abutting sidewalks, accommodations for attending personnel, and recreation facilities associated therewith.

medical information- (1) information or data, whether oral or recorded, in any form or medium, created by or derived from a health care provider or the consumer, that relates to- (A) the past, present, or future physical, mental, or behavioral health or condition of an individual; (B) the provision of health care to an individual; or (C) the payment for the provision of health care to an individual.2 (2) does not include the age or gender of a consumer, demographic information about the consumer, including a consumer's residence address or e-mail address, or any other information about a consumer that does not relate to the physical, mental, or behavioral health or condition of a consumer, including the existence or value of any insurance policy.

  • medical intelligence  - That category of intelligence resulting from collection, evaluation, analysis, and interpretation of foreign medical, bio-scientific, and environmental information that is of interest to strategic planning and to military medical planning and operations for the conservation of the fighting strength of friendly forces and the formation of assessments of foreign medical capabilities in both military and civilian sectors. Also called MEDINT. See also intelligence.
  • medical intelligence preparation of the operational environment  - A systematic continuing process that analyzes information on medical and disease threats, enemy capabilities, terrain, weather, local medical infrastructure, potential humanitarian and refugee situations, transportation issues, and political, religious and social issues for all types of operations. Also called MIPOE.
  • medical intervention  - process by which a physician provides medical diagnosis and direction for medical and/ or surgical treatment options of hearing loss and/ or related medical disorder associated with hearing loss.
  • medical intervention  - the process by which a physician provides medical diagnosis and direction for medical and/ or surgical treatment options of hearing loss and/ or related medical disorder associated with hearing loss.
  • medical library  - a library related to the sciences related to health; and (2) the term sciences related to health includes medicine, osteopathy, dentistry, and public health, and fundamental and applied sciences when related thereto.
  • medical logistics support  - A functional area of logistics support for the joint force surgeon’s health service support mission and that includes supplying Class VIII medical supplies (medical material to include medical peculiar repair parts used to sustain the health service support system), optical fabrication, medical equipment maintenance, blood storage and distribution, and medical gases. Also called MEDLOG support.
  • medical officer  - an officer of the Medical Corps of the Army, an officer of the Medical Corps of the Navy, or an officer in the Air Force designated as a medical officer.
  • medical or surgical benefits  - benefits with respect to medical or surgical services, as defined under the terms of the plan or coverage (as the case may be), but does not include mental health or substance use disorder benefits.
  • medical or surgical benefits  - benefits with respect to medical or surgical services, as defined under the terms of the plan or coverage (as the case may be), but does not include mental health or substance use disorder benefits.
  • medical outcomes  - those outcomes affecting the HIV-related clinical status of an individual with HIV/ AIDS.

  573

  • medical power of attorney  - A legal document signed by a competent adult, i.e., principal, designating a person whom the principal trusts to make health-care decisions on the principal's behalf should the principal be unable to make such decisions.
  • medical product  - a drug, biological product, device, medical food, or infant formula.
  • medical quality assurance program  - any activity carried out before, on, or after March 23, 2010, by or for any Indian health program or urban Indian organization to assess the quality of medical care, including activities conducted by or on behalf of individuals, Indian health program or urban Indian organization medical or dental treatment review committees, or other review bodies responsible for quality assurance, credentials, infection control, patient safety, patient care assessment (including treatment procedures, blood, drugs, and therapeutics), medical records, health resources management review, and identification and prevention of medical or dental incidents and risks.
  • medical quality assurance program  - any activity carried out by or for the Coast Guard to assess the quality of medical care, including activities conducted by individuals, military medical or dental treatment facility committees, or other review bodies responsible for quality assurance, credentials, infection control, patient care assessment (including treatment procedures, blood, drugs, and therapeutics) medical records, health resources management review and identification and prevention of medical or dental incidents and risks.
  • medical quality assurance record  - the proceedings, records, minutes, and reports that — (A) emanate from quality assurance program activities and (B) are produced or compiled by or for an Indian health program or urban Indian organization as part of a medical quality assurance program.  
  • medical quality assurance record  - the proceedings, records, minutes, and reports that emanate from quality assurance program activities and are produced or compiled by the Coast Guard as part of a medical quality assurance program.  
  • medical quality management program  - policies, plans, and procedures that provides for measurement of system performance and adjustments through training and/ or policy to improve quality of health care services.
  • medical regulating  - The actions and coordination necessary to arrange for the movement of patients through the roles of care and to match patients with a medical treatment facility that has the necessary health service support capabilities and available bed space. See also health service support; medical treatment facility.
  • medical services  - Facilitates charges for medical evacuations, hospitalizations, and expenses related to obtaining a medical clearance.
  • medical services  - medical examination, treatment, and rehabilitative services, plus:(A) Surgical services;
  • medical surge  - The capability to rapidly expand the capacity of the existing health care system in order to provide triage and subsequent medical care.

  574   Terms )

  • medical surge  - The capability to rapidly expand the capacity of the existing healthcare system in order to provide triage and subsequent medical care with the goal of rapidly and appropriately extending care for the injured or ill stemming from the event and the maintenance of continuity of care for non-incident related illness or injury.
  • medical surveillance  - The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of data derived from instances of medical care or medical evaluation, and the reporting of population-based information for characterizing and countering threats to a population’s health, well-being and performance. See also surveillance.
  • medical treatment facility  - A facility established for the purpose of furnishing medical and/ or dental care to eligible individuals. Also called MTF.
  • medical waste  - isolation wastes; infectious agents; human blood and blood products; pathological wastes; sharps; body parts; contaminated bedding; surgical wastes and potentially contaminated laboratory wastes; dialysis wastes; and such additional medical items as the Administrator shall prescribe by regulation.
  • medically underserved children and adolescents  - a population of children and adolescents who are residents of an area designated as a medically underserved area or a health professional shortage area by the Secretary.
  • medically underserved community  - a community identified by a State-(A) that has a substantial number of individuals who are members of a medically underserved population; and(B) a significant portion of which is a health professional shortage area.
  • medically underserved community  - an urban or rural area or population that- (A) is eligible for designation as a health professional shortage area; (C) has a shortage of personal health services, as determined under criteria issued by the Secretary (relating to rural health clinics); or (D) is designated by a State Governor (in consultation with the medical community) as a shortage area or medically underserved community.
  • medically underserved population  - the population of an urban or rural area designated by the Secretary as an area with a shortage of personal health services or a population group designated by the Secretary as having a shortage of such services. Such a designation may be made by the Secretary only after consideration of the comments (if any) of (A) each State health planning and development agency which covers (in whole or in part) such urban or rural area or the area in which such population group resides, and (B) each health systems agency designated for a health service area which covers (in whole or in part) such urban or rural area or the area in which such population group resides.
  • medicare-eligible  - entitled to benefits under part A of title XVIII of the Social Security Act.
  • medicine and medical  - preventive and therapeutic medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, hospitalization, nursing, public health, and the fundamental sciences related thereto, and other related fields of study, research, or activity.
  • medium duty passenger vehicles  - Any four-wheeled vehicle that has a GVWR between 8,500 and 10,000 pounds, is self-propelled, and is designed to transport primarily persons, regardless of the

  575 intended use. Also called MDPV.

  • medium hub airport  - an airport that each year has at least .25 percent, but less than 1.0 percent, of the total annual boardings in the United States.

medium-range ballistic missile. A ballistic missile with a range capability from about 600 to 1,500 nautical miles. Also called MRBM.

  • meeting or similar function  - A conference, seminar, speaking engagement, training course, or similar event that takes place away from the employees official duty station and is sponsored or cosponsored by a non-Federal source.
  • member  - A member of the Service as defined in the Foreign Service Act of 1980.
  • member  - an individual who has entered into a contractual arrangement, or on whose behalf a contractual arrangement has been entered into, with the organization under which the organization assumes the responsibility for the provision to such individual of basic health services and of such supplemental health services as may be contracted for.
  • member  - with respect to a registered entity or derivatives transaction execution facility, an individual, association, partnership, corporation, or trust-(A) owning or holding membership in, or admitted to membership representation on, the registered entity or derivatives transaction execution facility; or (B) having trading privileges on the registered entity or derivatives transaction execution facility. A participant in an alternative trading system that is designated as a contract market is deemed a member of the contract market for purposes of transactions insecurity futures products through the contract market.
  • member agency  - any Federal department or agency that, at the discretion of the head of that department or agency, has entered a memorandum of understanding regarding participation in the NBIC.
  • member of a terrorist organization  - Aliens who are members of designated FTOs or entities on the Terrorism Exclusion List are inadmissible. The INA does not require the alien to know that the organization has been designated. Members of undesignated terrorist organizations are inadmissible, but there is a narrow exception based on lack of knowledge (see 9 FAM 302.6-2(B)(3) paragraph i). Evidence of membership in a terrorist organization might include the individuals taking of an oath or performance of some act that is a prerequisite of membership. A formal induction is not necessary for a finding of membership. Membership must be determined in light of all relevant facts, including, but not limited to, the following - Acknowledgment of membership; Frequent association with other members; Participation in the organizations activities, even if lawful; Actively working to further the organizations aims and methods in a way suggesting close affiliation constituting membership; Occupying a position of trust in the organization, past or present; Receiving financial support from the organization, e.g., scholarships, pensions, salary; Contributing money to the organization; Determination of membership by a competent court; Voluntarily displaying symbols of the organization; or Receiving honors and awards given by the organization. No single factor necessarily determines that an alien was a member of an organization. Note that former members will still be inadmissible if they have previously provided material support (such as membership fees), raised money, or solicited members for the organization.
  • member of household  - An individual who accompanies a sponsoring employee, i.e., a direct-hire Foreign Service, Civil Service, or uniformed service member who is permanently assigned to or stationed abroad at a U.S. mission, or at an office of the American Institute in Taiwan, and who is under chief of mission authority. An MOH is- (1) Not an EFM; and (2) Not on the travel orders or approved Form OF-126, Foreign Service Residence and Dependency Report, of the sponsoring employee; and (3) Officially declared by the sponsoring U.S. Government employee to the COM as

  576   part of his or her household. Also called MOH.

  • member of the immediate family  - the following:(A) The spouse of the person.(B) A natural child, adopted child, stepchild, or illegitimate child (if acknowledged by the person or parenthood has been established by a court of competent jurisdiction) of the person, except that if such child has not attained the age of 18 years, the term means a surviving parent or legal guardian of such child. (C) A biological parent of the person, unless legal custody of the person by the parent has been previously terminated by reason of a court decree or otherwise under law and not restored. (D) A brother or sister of the person, if such brother or sister has attained the age of 18 years. (E) Any other blood relative or adoptive relative of the person, if such relative was given sole legal custody of the person by a court decree or otherwise under law before the person attained the age of 18 years and such custody was not subsequently terminated before that time.
  • member of the merchant marine  - an individual (other than a member of a uniformed service or an individual employed, enrolled, or maintained on the Great Lakes or the inland waterways) — (A) employed as an officer or crew member of a vessel documented under the laws of the United States, or a vessel owned by the United States, or a vessel of foreign-flag registry under charter to or control of the United States; or (B) enrolled with the United States for employment or training for employment, or maintained by the United States for emergency relief service, as an officer or crew member of any such vessel.
  • member of the naval service  - a person appointed or enlisted in, or inducted or conscripted into, the Navy or the Marine Corps.

members of a mission- (A) the head of a mission and those members of a mission who are members of the diplomatic staff or who, pursuant to law, are granted equivalent privileges and immunities, (B) members of the administrative and technical staff of a mission, and (C) members of the service staff of a mission, as such terms are defined in Article 1 of the Vienna Convention.

  • members of congress  - Elected officials in the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives.
  • members of the same family  - natural or adoptive children, brothers, sisters, parents, grandparents, or spouses.
  • members of the same family  - natural or adoptive children, brothers, sisters, parents, grandparents, or spouses.
  • membrane switch  - switch incorporating two metal layers, separated by an insulator that functions the IED when perforated or when pressure is applied.
  • memorandum  - message providing an abbreviated level of information.
  • memorandum of agreement  - A Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) defines an agreement between parties to work together on a project or meet an objective where funds for services are anticipated. MOAs do not obligate funds themselves, but rather establish the terms of service. MOAs are often more specific in nature than MOUs and pertain to the goods and/ or services identified in the agreement. Generally, the responsibilities of each party within the MOA are dependent on those of the other parties.
  • memorandum of agreement  - document describing in detail the terms of the relationship or partnership, the specific responsibilities of, and actions to be taken by, each of the parties so that their goals may be accomplished may also indicate the goals of the parties, to help explain their actions and

  577 responsibilities.

  • memorandum of understanding  - A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) defines an agreement between parties. It captures an end-state goal that is agreed to by the parties involved but does not involve fund transfers. MOUs are a means to coordinate and support programs between IRM, the DOS, and other federal agencies domestically and abroad. Generally, the responsibilities of each party within the MOU are independent of those of the other parties.
  • memorandum of understanding  - document that describes the general area of understanding between parties, explaining the concepts of mutual understanding, goals and plans shared by the parties.
  • memorandum of understanding / memorandum of agreement  - An Economy Act agreement representing a valid obligation against the ordering agency's appropriations which authorizes one agency to perform services or provide items to another agency either directly or by contract with a private party (also see Inter/ Intra Agency Agreement (IAA). Also called MOU/ MOA.
  • memorandum of understanding/ agreement  - A document established between two or more participants or parties to define their respective responsibilities in accomplishing a particular goal or mission. Also called MOU/ MOA.
  • memory  - In computing, refers to the physical devices used to store programs, data, or information on a temporary or permanent basis for use in an information system or other digital electronic device.
  • mensuration  - The process of measurement of a feature or location on the earth to determine an absolute latitude, longitude, and elevation.
  • mental abuse  - threats, rough or harsh language, sleep deprivation, disorientation, etc.
  • mental health benefits  - benefits with respect to services for mental health conditions, as defined under the terms of the plan and in accordance with applicable Federal and State law.
  • mental health evaluation  - a psychiatric examination or evaluation, a psychological examination or evaluation, an examination for psychiatric or psychological fitness for duty, or any other means of assessing the state of mental health of a member of the armed forces.
  • mental health professional  - a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist, a person with a doctorate in clinical social work, or a psychiatric clinical nurse specialist.
  • mental health service professional  - an individual with a graduate or postgraduate degree from an accredited institution of higher education in psychiatry, psychology, school psychology, behavioral pediatrics, psychiatric nursing, social work, school social work, substance abuse disorder prevention and treatment, marriage and family counseling, school counseling, or professional counseling.
  • mental illness  - a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder- (A) of sufficient duration to meet diagnostic criteria within the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association; and (B)(i) that, in the case of an adult, has resulted in functional impairment that substantially interferes with or limits 1 or more major life activities; or (ii) that, in the case of a juvenile, has resulted in functional impairment that substantially interferes with or limits the juvenile's role or functioning in family, school, or community activities.
  • mental retardation  - significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects

  578   a child's educational performance.

  • mentoring  - a structured, managed program in which children are appropriately matched with screened and trained adult volunteers for one-on-one relationships, involving meetings and activities on a regular basis, intended to meet, in part, the child's need for involvement with a caring and supportive adult who provides a positive role model.
  • mentoring  - one-to-one learning relationship in which an individual supports the development of another by sharing their knowledge, experience and wisdom with that individual.
  • mentoring services  - those services and activities that support a structured, managed program of mentoring, including the management by trained personnel of outreach to, and screening of, eligible children; outreach to, education and training of, and liaison with sponsoring local organizations; screening and training of adult volunteers; matching of children with suitable adult volunteer mentors; support and oversight of the mentoring relationship; and establishment of goals and evaluation of outcomes for mentored children.
  • merchandise  - Goods or commodities, regardless of size, form, or value, having commercial value.
  • merchant seaman  - any individual who was employed as a seaman or crew member on any vessel registered under the laws of the United States, or under the laws of any government friendly to the United States during World War II, and who was a citizen of the United States on and after December 7, 1941, to the date of his death or the date of filing claim; except any such individual who is entitled to, or who has received, benefits as a civilian American citizen.
  • merit promotion certificate of eligibles  - Used to provide selecting officials with a list of eligible promotion candidates developed through competitive procedures.
  • merit system principles  - Nine basic standards governing the management of the Executive branch workforce. The principles are part of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978.
  • meritorious service increase  - An increase to the next higher salary rate within a Foreign Service class for especially meritorious service. It is in addition to any regular step increase granted for time in class and meeting required standards of performance. Also called MSI.
  • message  - 1. Any thought or idea expressed briefly in a plain or secret language and prepared in a form suitable for transmission by any means of communication. 2. A narrowly focused communication directed at a specific audience to support a specific theme. Also called MSG.
  • message  - The electronic transfer of official and unofficial correspondence including telegrams and e- mail.
  • message broker  - A middleware product to support program-to program communication between existing heterogeneous (i.e., not designed to work together) applications. Message brokers are based on three principles- (1) Program-to-program connections are more manageable, effective, and durable than database-sharing strategies; (2) Many applications must exchange data every few seconds, minutes, or hours, rather than waiting for a nightly batch run; and (3) Connections cost less if arranged on a many-to-many basis, so messages and the development effort required to fit interfaces into application programs can be reused.
  • message continuity number  - A number assigned by the Department of State telegraphic processors to

  579 track the continuity of telegraphic correspondence between originating and receiving stations. MCNs recycle from 0001 to 9999. The length of time it takes for a series to recycle depends on the telegraphic traffic volume between two posts. Also called MCN. USAID, FAH, 5 FAH‐2 H‐114 )

  • message reference number  - The official identification of a telegram originated at Department transmission facilities. The MRN consists of the post location and the next number in a sequential series. The number series is reset to one (0001) on January 1 each year. When referring to an MRN from a previous year, precede it with the two-digit year. Also called MRN.
  • message stream  - The sequence of messages or parts of messages to be sent.
  • message reference number  - the official identification number for telegrams originated at Department transmission facilities. The MRN consists of the post name and a sequential number that begins with the Arabic numeral 1 on January 1 each year and increases by one with each telegram transmitted by the post through December 31. The MRN for telegrams from years prior to the current year begins with the last two digits of the year.
  • messaging  - The electronic transfer of official and unofficial correspondence including telegrams and e- mail.
  • metadata  - Information about data, such as content, source, vintage, accuracy, condition, projection, responsible party, contact phone number, method of collection, and other characteristics or descriptions.
  • metadata  - information stored as the description of a unique piece of data and all the properties associated with it.
  • metadata  - Literally, data about data. Information relating to business processes, data sources, and ownership, helping users to navigate through the data.
  • meteorological and oceanographic  - A term used to convey all environmental factors, from the sub- bottom of the Earth’s oceans through maritime, land areas, airspace, ionosphere, and outward into space. Also called METOC.
  • meteorological and oceanographic data  - Measurements or observations of meteorological and oceanographic variables.
  • meteorological and oceanographic environment  - The surroundings that extend from the sub-bottom of the Earth’s oceans, through maritime, land areas, airspace, ionosphere, and outward into space, which include conditions, resources, and natural phenomena, in and through which the joint force operates.
  • meteorological and oceanographic information  - Actionable information to include meteorological, climatological, oceanographic, and space environment observations, analyses, prognostic data or products and meteorological and oceanographic effects.
  • meteorological and oceanographic operations support community  - The collective of electronically connected, shore-based meteorological and oceanographic production facilities/ centers, theater and/ or regional meteorological and oceanographic production activities. Also called MOSC. See also meteorological and oceanographic.
  • meteorological watch  - Monitoring the weather for a route, area, or terminal and advising concerned organizations when hazardous conditions that could affect their operations or pose a hazard to life or

  580   property are observed or forecast to occur. Also called METWATCH.

  • meteorology  - The study dealing with the phenomena of the atmosphere including the physics, chemistry, and dynamics extending to the effects of the atmosphere on the Earth’s surface and the oceans.
  • metering electronic  - process of installing electronic tracking devices as a method for determining use includes energy and water consumption.
  • methamphetamine precursor chemicals  - the chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine, including each of the salts, optical isomers, and salts of optical isomers of such chemicals.
  • methane  - colorless, odorless flammable gas that is the main constituent of natural gas the simplest member of the alkane series of hydrocarbons and that is a greenhouse gas with a GWP most recently estimated at 23 times that of carbon dioxide.
  • method of emplacement  - description of where the device was delivered, used, or employed.
  • method of employment  - description of how the device was delivered, used, or employed.
  • method of improvised explosive device identification  - manner in which a unit located a device, components or improvised weapon via visual observation, working animal, sensor, or human tip.
  • metric system of measurement  - the International System of Units as established by the General Conference of Weights and Measures in 1960 and as interpreted or modified for the United States by the Secretary of Commerce.
  • metric ton  - unit of weight equal to 1,000 kilograms (2,205 lbs. )
  • metropolitan area  - a standard metropolitan statistical area as established by the Office of Management and Budget, subject however to such modifications and extensions as the Secretary may determine to be appropriate for the purposes of this subchapter.
  • metropolitan area network  - A data network intended to serve an area the size of a large city. Also called MAN.
  • metropolitan planning area  - the geographic area determined by agreement between the metropolitan planning organization for the area and the Governor.
  • metropolitan planning organization  - the policy board of an organization established as a result of the designation process.
  • metropolitan statistical area  - a metropolitan statistical area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget.
  • metropolitan statistical area  - Geographic entities defined by the Office of Management and Budget
  • microenterprise development organization  - an organization that: (A) is- (i) a nonprofit entity; (ii) an Indian tribe, the tribal government of which certifies to the Secretary that- (I) no microenterprise development organization serves the Indian tribe; and (II) no rural microentrepreneur assistance

  581 program exists under the jurisdiction of the Indian tribe; or (iii) a public institution of higher education; (B) provides training and technical assistance to rural microentrepreneurs; (C) facilitates access to capital or another service; and (D) has a demonstrated record of delivering services to rural microentrepreneurs, or an effective plan to develop a program to deliver services to rural microentrepreneurs, as determined by the Secretary.

  • microenterprise institution  - a not-for-profit entity that provides services, including microfinance, training, or business development services, for microenterprise clients in foreign countries.
  • microentrepreneur  - an owner and operator, or prospective owner and operator, of a rural microenterprise who is unable to obtain sufficient training, technical assistance, or credit, as determined by the Secretary.
  • microfinance institution  - a not-for-profit entity or a regulated financial intermediary that directly provides, or works to expand, the availability of credit, savings, and other financial services to microfinance and microenterprise clients in foreign countries.
  • microfinance institution  - a not-for-profit entity or a regulated financial intermediary that directly provides, or works to expand, the availability of credit, savings, and other financial services to microfinance and microenterprise clients in foreign countries.
  • microfinance network  - an affiliated group of practitioner institutions that provides services to its members, including financing, technical assistance, and accreditation, for the purpose of promoting the financial sustainability and societal impact of microenterprise assistance.
  • microfinance network  - an affiliated group of practitioner institutions that provides services to its members, including financing, technical assistance, and accreditation, for the purpose of promoting the financial sustainability and societal impact of microenterprise assistance.
  • microloan  - a business loan of not more than $50,000 that is provided to a rural microenterprise.
  • micro-purchase  - an acquisition of supplies or services using simplified acquisition procedures, the aggregate amount of which does not exceed the micro-purchase threshold.
  • Microsoft Outlook  - A software application within the Microsoft (MS) Office suite that enables users to send and receive email messages. SMART customization enables users to send and receive SMART messages using MS Outlook.
  • microwave sensor bi-static  - active, visible, line of sight/ volumetric detecting device which detect disturbances in an RF field between a transmitter and a receiver.
  • microwave sensor mono-static  - active, visible, volumetric detecting device which detects motion through the use of a radiated radio frequency electromagnetic field.
  • midcourse phase  - That portion of the flight of a ballistic missile between the boost phase and the terminal phase. See also boost phase; terminal phase.
  • middleware  - The set of software facilities that resides between a clients application software and the server. Middleware enables the application software to communicate with the server software. Middleware includes remote procedure calls, message queuing, object request brokers, inter-process communications, remote file access, remote database access, message routing services, directory services, conversational services, time service, terminal services, and security services.

  582  

  • midshipman  - a midshipman of the United States Naval Academy and any other midshipman on active duty in the naval service.
  • mid-tier value chain  - local and regional supply networks that link independent producers with businesses and cooperatives that market value-added agricultural products in a manner that-(A) targets and strengthens the profitability and competitiveness of small and medium-sized farms and ranches that are structured as a family farm; and(B) obtains agreement from an eligible agricultural producer group, farmer or rancher cooperative, or majority-controlled producer-based business venture that is engaged in the value chain on a marketing strategy.
  • migrant  - A person who (1) belongs to a normally migratory culture who may cross national boundaries, or (2) has fled his or her native country for economic reasons rather than fear of political or ethnic persecution.
  • migratory agricultural worker  - an individual who made a qualifying move in the preceding 36 months and, after doing so, engaged in new temporary or seasonal employment or personal subsistence in agriculture, which may be dairy work or the initial processing of raw agricultural products. If an individual did not engage in such new employment soon after a qualifying move, such individual may be considered a migratory agricultural worker if the individual actively sought such new employment and has a recent history of moves for temporary or seasonal agricultural employment.
  • migratory child  - a child or youth who made a qualifying move in the preceding 36 months- (A) as a migratory agricultural worker or a migratory fisher; or (B) with, or to join, a parent or spouse who is a migratory agricultural worker or a migratory fisher.
  • migratory fisher  - an individual who made a qualifying move in the preceding 36 months and, after doing so, engaged in new temporary or seasonal employment or personal subsistence in fishing. If the individual did not engage in such new employment soon after the move, the individual may be considered a migratory fisher if the individual actively sought such new employment and has a recent history of moves for temporary or seasonal fishing employment.
  • milestone  - scheduled point or event in a project signifying the completion of a major deliverable or a phase of work.
  • milestone approval  - a decision to enter into technology maturation and risk reduction pursuant to guidance prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the management of Department of Defense acquisition programs.
  • Milestone B  - a decision to enter into major system development and demonstration pursuant to guidance prescribed by the Director of National Intelligence.
  • milestone decision authority  - the official within the Department of Defense designated with the overall responsibility and authority for acquisition decisions for the program or system, including authority to approve entry of the program or system into the next phase of the acquisition process.
  • milestone decision authority  - the official within the Department of Defense designated with the overall responsibility and authority for acquisition decisions for the program or subprogram, including authority to approve entry of the program or subprogram into the next phase of the acquisition process.
  • militarily sensitive characteristics  - antijamming capability, antennas, crosslinks, baseband processing, encryption devices, radiation-hardened devices, propulsion systems, pointing accuracy, kick motors, and other such characteristics as are specified by the Secretary of Defense.

  583

  • Military Advisor’s office  - provides counsel to the Secretary and DHS Components in affairs relating to the facilitation, coordination, and execution of policy, procedures, and preparedness activities and operations between DHS and the Department of Defense (DOD).
  • military animal  - the following: (1) A military working dog.(2) A horse owned by the Department of Defense.
  • military assistance advisory group  - A joint Service group, normally under the military command of a commander of a unified command and representing the Secretary of Defense, which primarily administers the US military assistance planning and programming in the host country. Also called MAAG.
  • military assistance program  - That portion of the US security assistance authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act of l961, as amended, which provides defense articles and services to recipients on a nonreimbursable (grant) basis. Also called MAP.

military career designator- (A) in the case of enlisted members and warrant officers of the Armed Forces, military occupational specialties, specialty codes, enlisted designators, enlisted classification codes, additional skill identifiers, and special qualification identifiers; and (B) in the case of commissioned officers (other than commissioned warrant officers), officer areas of concentration, occupational specialties, specialty codes, additional skill identifiers, and special qualification identifiers.

  • military chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear improvised explosive device enhancement  - chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) materials manufactured for military use that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED).
  • military civic action  - Programs and projects managed by United States forces but executed primarily by indigenous military or security forces that contribute to the economic and social development of a host nation civil society thereby enhancing the legitimacy and social standing of the host nation government and its military forces. Also called MCA.
  • military construction  - Any construction, alteration, development, conversion, or extension of any kind carried out with respect to a military installation. Also called MILCON.
  • military deception  - Actions executed to deliberately mislead adversary military, paramilitary, or violent extremist organization decision makers, thereby causing the adversary to take specific actions (or inactions) that will contribute to the accomplishment of the friendly mission. Also called MILDEC.
  • military department  - One of the departments within the Department of Defense created by the National Security Act of 1947, which are the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force. Also called MILDEP. See also Department of the Air Force; Department of the Army; Department of the Navy.

military department criminal investigative organizations- (A) the Army Criminal Investigation Command; (B) the Naval Criminal Investigative Service; and (C) the Air Force Office of Special Investigations.

  • military departments  - the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force.
  • military departments  - The departments within the Department of Defense created by the National Security Act of 1947, as amended. The Military Departments are: the Department of the Air Force, the Department of the Army, and the Department of the Navy. Also called MILDEPs.

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  • military dining facility  - a facility owned, operated, leased, or wholly controlled by the Department of Defense and used to provide dining services to members of the Armed Forces, including a cafeteria, military mess hall, military troop dining facility, or any similar dining facility operated for the purpose of providing meals to members of the Armed Forces.
  • military education and training  - formal or informal instruction of foreign students in the United States or overseas by officers or employees of the United States, contract technicians, contractors (including instruction at civilian institutions), or by correspondence courses, technical, educational, or information publications and media of all kinds, training aids, orientation, and military advice to foreign military units and forces.
  • military engagement  - Routine contact and interaction between individuals or elements of the Armed Forces of the United States and those of another nation’s armed forces, or foreign and domestic civilian authorities or agencies to build trust and confidence, share information, coordinate mutual activities, and maintain influence.
  • military explosive  - explosive manufactured for military use.
  • military government  - The supreme authority the military exercises by force or agreement over the lands, property, and indigenous populations and institutions of domestic, allied, or enemy territory therefore substituting sovereign authority under rule of law for the previously established government.
  • military health system  - A health system that supports the military mission by fostering, protecting, sustaining, and restoring health and providing the direction, resources, health care providers, and other means necessary for promoting the health of the beneficiary population.
  • military information support operations  - Planned operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals in a manner favorable to the originator’s objectives. Also called MISO.
  • military installation  - a base, camp, post, station, yard, center, homeport facility for any ship, or other activity under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense, including any leased facility, which is located within any of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or Guam. Such term does not include any facility used primarily for civil works, rivers and harbors projects, or flood control projects.
  • military installation  - a base, camp, post, station, yard, center, homeport facility for any ship, or other activity under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department.
  • military intelligence board  - A decision-making forum which formulates Department of Defense intelligence policy and programming priorities. Also called MIB. See also intelligence.
  • military intervention  - The deliberate act of a nation or a group of nations to introduce its military forces into the course of an existing controversy.
  • Military Liaison Team  - OFDA Civil-Military coordinators, often embedded in CCMD. Also called MLT.
  • military medical or dental position  - a position for the performance of health care functions within the

  585 Armed Forces held by a member of the Armed Forces. US Code 10, §129c )

  • military munitions  - all ammunition products and components produced for or used by the armed forces for national defense and security, including ammunition products or components under the control of the Department of Defense, the Coast Guard, the Department of Energy, and the National Guard. (B) Such term includes the following: (i) Confined gaseous, liquid, and solid propellants.(ii) Explosives, pyrotechnics, chemical and riot control agents, smokes, and incendiaries, including bulk explosives and chemical warfare agents.(iii) Chemical munitions, rockets, guided and ballistic missiles, bombs, warheads, mortar rounds, artillery ammunition, small arms ammunition, grenades, mines, torpedoes, depth charges, cluster munitions and dispensers, and demolition charges. (iv) Devices and components of any item specified in clauses (i) through (iii).
  • military occupation  - A condition in which territory is under the effective control of a foreign armed force. See also occupied territory.
  • military operations  - those operations involving members of the armed forces assisting in United States Government sponsored training of military personnel of a foreign nation.

military or intelligence aid- (1) the provision of weapons, weapons parts, military vehicles, or military aircraft; (2) the provision of military or intelligence training, including advice and assistance on subject matter expert exchanges; (3) the provision of weapons of mass destruction and related materials, capabilities, and technology, including nuclear, chemical, or dual-use capabilities; (4) conducting joint military exercises;
(5) the provision of naval support, including ship development and naval construction; (6) the provision of technical support, including computer and software development and installations, networks, and infrastructure development and construction; or
(7) the construction or expansion of airfields, including radar and anti-aircraft systems.

  • military orders  - official military orders, or any notification, certification, or verification from the servicemember's commanding officer, with respect to the servicemember's current or future military duty status.
  • military personnel  - Officers and enlisted members of the military services (defined as the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps).
  • military post office  - A branch of a designated United States-based post office established by United States Postal Service authority and operated by one of the Services. Also called MPO.
  • military post office  - A branch of a designated United States-based post office established by United States Postal Service authority and operated by one of the Services. Also called MPO.
  • military post office  - Either an Army post office (APO) that serves the Army or Air Force or a Fleet Post Office (FPO) that serves the Coast Guard, Navy, or Marine Corps. The terms APO and FPO are used in addressing mail to an MPO. Where operating under chief-of-mission authority, MPOs are to be used to send and receive personal mail but must not be used to send or receive official Department mail. Also called MPO.
  • military postal service  - The command, organization, personnel, and facilities established to provide a means for the transmission of mail to and from the Department of Defense, members of the United States Armed Forces, and other authorized agencies and individuals. Also called MPS.
  • Military Postal Service  — The command, organization, personnel, and facilities established to provide a means for the transmission of mail to and from the Department of Defense, members of the United States Armed Forces, and other authorized agencies and individuals. Also called MPS.

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  • military postal service  - The Military Postal Service (MPS) is an extension of the United States Postal Service (USPS) which establishes branch post offices at camps, posts, bases, or stations of the Armed Forces and at defense or other strategic installations. It provides full postal services, as nearly as practicable, for DOD personnel abroad where there is no USPS post office available. These branch post offices are called APO or FPO. Also called MPS.
  • military postal service agency  - The DOD point of contact with the USPS. Also called MPSA.
  • military postal service agency  - The single manager operating agency established to manage the Military Postal Service. Also called MPSA.
  • military purpose nondevelopmental item  - a nondevelopmental item that meets a validated military requirement, as determined in writing by the responsible program manager, and has been developed exclusively at private expense. For purposes of this paragraph, an item shall not be considered to be developed exclusively at private expense if development of the item was paid for in whole or in part through-(A) independent research and development costs or bid and proposal costs that have been reimbursed directly or indirectly by a Federal agency or have been submitted to a Federal agency for reimbursement; or (B) foreign government funding.
  • military region  - the geographical area of responsibility assigned to the commander of a unified combatant command (excluding Europe and adjacent waters).
  • Military Sealift Command  - A major command of the United States Navy reporting to Commander Fleet Forces Command, and the United States Transportation Command’s component command responsible for designated common-user sealift transportation services to deploy, employ, sustain, and redeploy United States forces on a global basis. Also called MSC. See also transportation component command.
  • military sealift command force  - Common-user sealift consisting of three subsets: the Naval Fleet Auxiliary Force, common-user ocean transportation, and the special mission support force. See also common-user sealift; Military Sealift Command.

military service- (A) in the case of a service member who is a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard—
(i) active duty, and
(ii) in the case of a member of the National Guard, includes service under a call to active service authorized by the President or the Secretary of Defense for a period of more than 30 consecutive days for purposes of responding to a national emergency declared by the President and supported by Federal funds; (B) in the case of a service member who is a commissioned officer of the Public Health Service or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, active service; and (C) any period during which a service member is absent from duty on account of sickness, wounds, leave, or other lawful cause.

  • military service  - Honorable active duty service in the uniformed services listed below is considered military service for retirement purposes - Army; Navy; Air Force; Marine Corps; Coast Guard; In the regular Corps or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service of the United States, if the service was performed after June 30, 1960; and As a commissioned officer of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (formerly Coast and Geodetic Survey and Environmental Sciences Services Administration), if service was performed after June 30, 1961.
  • military source operations  - The collection, from, by and/ or via humans, of foreign and military and military-related intelligence.
  • military specification container  - A container that meets specific written standards. Also called MILSPEC container.

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  • military standard requisitioning and issue procedure  - A uniform procedure established by the Department of Defense for use within the Department of Defense to govern requisition and issue of materiel within standardized priorities. Also called MILSTRIP.
  • military standard transportation and movement procedures  - Uniform and standard transportation data, documentation, and control procedures applicable to all cargo movements in the Department of Defense transportation system. Also called MILSTAMP.
  • military technician  - A Federal civilian employee providing full-time support to a National Guard, Reserve, or Active Component organization for administration, training, and maintenance of the Selected Reserve. Also called MILTECH.
  • military training route  - a training route developed as part of the Military Training Route Program, carried out jointly by the Federal Aviation Administration and the Secretary of Defense, for use by the Armed Forces for the purpose of conducting low-altitude, high-speed military training.
  • military treatment facility  - a medical facility under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department.

  • military unaccompanied housing  - military housing intended to be occupied by members of the armed forces serving a tour of duty unaccompanied by dependents.
  • military van (container)  - Military-owned, demountable container, conforming to United States and international standards, operated in a centrally controlled fleet for movement of military cargo. Also called MILVAN.
  • military-to-military contacts  - contacts between members of the armed forces and members of foreign armed forces through activities.
  • military-unique capabilities  - those capabilities that, in the view of the Secretary of Defense-(A) cannot be provided by other Federal, State, or local civilian agencies; and(B) are essential to provide support to civil authorities in an incident of national significance or a catastrophic incident.
  • militia extremist  - group or person who facilitate or engage in acts of unlawful violence directed at federal, state, or local government officials or infrastructure in response to their belief that the government deliberately is stripping Americans of their freedoms and is attempting to establish a totalitarian regime consequently oppose many federal and state authorities’ laws and regulations, (particularly those related to firearms ownership), and often belong to armed paramilitary groups.
  • mine  - 1. In land mine warfare, an explosive or other material, normally encased, designed to destroy or damage ground vehicles, boats, or aircraft, or designed to wound, kill, or otherwise incapacitate personnel and designed to be detonated by the action of its victim, by the passage of time, or by controlled means. 2. In naval mine warfare, an explosive device laid in the water with the intention of damaging or sinking ships or of deterring shipping from entering an area. See also mine warfare.
  • mine  — 1.In land mine warfare, a munition placed under, on or near the ground or other surface area and designed to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person or vehicle. 2. In naval mine warfare, an explosive device laid in the water with the intention of damaging or sinking ships or of deterring shipping from entering an area. See also mine warfare.
  • mine  - explosive munition designed to be placed under, on or near the ground or other surface area and to be actuated by the presence, proximity or contact of an individual , land vehicle, aircraft or boat, including landing craft.

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  • mine countermeasures  - All methods for preventing or reducing damage or danger from mines. Also called MCM.
  • mine warfare  - The strategic, operational, and tactical use of mines and mine countermeasures either by emplacing mines to degrade the enemy’s capabilities to wage land, air, and maritime warfare or by countering of enemy-emplaced mines to permit friendly maneuver or use of selected land or sea areas.
  • mine warfare  — The strategic, operational, and tactical use of mines and mine countermeasures either by emplacing mines to degrade the enemy’s capabilities to wage land, air, and maritime warfare or by countering of enemy-emplaced mines to permit friendly maneuver or use of selected land or sea areas. Also called MIW.
  • minefield  - 1. In land warfare, an area of ground containing mines emplaced with or without a pattern. 2. In naval warfare, an area of water containing mines emplaced with or without a pattern. See also mine; mine warfare.
  • minefield record  - A complete written record of all pertinent information concerning a minefield, submitted on a standard form by the officer in charge of the emplacement operations.
  • minefield report  - An oral, electronic, or written communication concerning mining activities (friendly or enemy) submitted in a standard format by the fastest secure means available.
  • minehunting  - Employment of air, surface, or subsurface sensor and neutralization systems to locate and dispose of individual mines in a known field, or to verify the presence or absence of mines in a given area. See also minesweeping.
  • minehunting  - Employment of sensor and neutralization systems, whether air, surface, or subsurface, to locate and dispose of individual mines in a known field, or to verify the presence or absence of mines in a given area. See also minesweeping.
  • miner  - any individual working in a coal or other mine.
  • mineral extraction activities  - exploring, extracting, processing, transporting, or wholesale selling or trading of elemental minerals or associated metal alloys or oxides (ore), including gold, copper, chromium, chromite, diamonds, iron, iron ore, silver, tungsten, uranium, and zinc.
  • mineral resources  - all nonliving natural nonrenewable resources, including fossil fuels, minerals, whether metallic or nonmetallic, but does not include ice, water, or snow.
  • minesweeping  - The technique of clearing mines using either mechanical sweeping to remove, disturb, or otherwise neutralize the mine; explosive sweeping to cause sympathetic detonations, damage, or displace the mine; or influence sweeping to produce either the acoustic or magnetic influence required to detonate the mine. See also minehunting.
  • minimize  - A condition wherein normal message and telephone traffic is drastically reduced in order that messages connected with an actual or simulated emergency shall not be delayed.
  • minimize  - A telegraphic communications term signifying that non-urgent, nonessential message traffic must be curtailed or reduced to a post that does not possess the means to process a normal telegraphic workload. All cable traffic being sent to a post that is in minimize must contain the

  589 phrase MINIMIZE CONSIDERED as the last item of text, prior to the signature.

  • minimize  - reduce to the smallest amount or degree practical.
  • minimum employee performance appraisal period  - minimum period of time (90 days) that the employee serves under a performance plan in order to be rated.
  • minimum force  - Those minimum actions, including the use of armed force, sufficient to bring a situation under control or to defend against hostile act or hostile intent, where the firing of weapons is to be considered as a means of last resort.
  • minimum recycled content standard  - minimum recycled content or bio-based content established in specifications, standards, a contract Scope of Work, or other document specifying the government’s minimum requirements for recycled or bio-based content based on the recycled content levels recommended by the EPA or the minimum bio-based content levels recommended by the USDA.
  • minimum safe freeboard  - the freeboard that the Secretary decides cannot be reduced safely without limiting the operation of the vessel.
  • minimum-risk route  - A temporary corridor of defined dimensions recommended for use by high-speed, fixed-wing aircraft that presents the minimum known hazards to low-flying aircraft transiting the combat zone. Also called MRR.
  • minister of religion  - In the context of special immigrant religious worker classification, ordination of ministers chiefly involves the investment of the individual with ministerial or sacerdotal functions, or the conferral of holy orders upon the individual. If the religion does not have formal ordination procedures, there must be other evidence that the individual has authorization to conduct religious worship and perform other services usually performed by members of the clergy. In all cases, there must be a reasonable connection between the activities performed and the religious calling of the minister. The term does not include a lay preacher not authorized to perform such duties. See 9 FAM 502.5-2 for additional information on the special immigrant religious worker classification.
  • minor  - A passport applicant under the age of 18 who has not been emancipated. Please note that there are special requirements for minors under the age of 16 (see 7 FAM 1350, Passports for Minors).
  • minor application  - An application, other than a major application, that requires attention to security due to the risk and magnitude of harm resulting from the loss, misuse or unauthorized access to or modification of the information in the application. Minor applications are typically included as part of a general support system.
  • minor construction project  - any plant project not specifically authorized by law for which the approved total estimated cost does not exceed the minor construction threshold.
  • Minor Planet Center  - the Minor Planet Center of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
  • minority  - American Indian, Alaskan Native, Black (not of Hispanicorigin), Hispanic (including persons of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and Central or South American origin), Pacific Islander or other ethnic group underrepresented in science and engineering.
  • minority group  - subpopulations of minority groups.
  • minority institution  - an institution of higher education meeting the requirements of the Higher

  590   Education Act of 1965, including a Hispanic-serving institution of higher education. DOD, FAR, VOL I CH A )

  • minority institution  - an institution of higher education whose enrollment of a single minority or a combination of minorities (as defined in paragraph (2)) exceeds 50 percent of the total enrollment. The Secretary shall verify this information from the data on enrollments in the higher education general information surveys (HEGIS) furnished by the institution to the Office for Civil Rights, Department of Education.
  • misconduct  - neglect of duty, malfeasance, or failure to accept a directed reassignment or to accompany a position in a transfer of function.
  • misrepresentation  - a misrepresentation is an assertion or manifestation not in accordance with the facts. Misrepresentation requires an affirmative act taken by the alien. A misrepresentation can be made in various ways, including in an oral interview or in written applications, or by submitting evidence containing false information.
  • missile  - a category I system as defined in the MTCR Annex, and any other unmanned delivery system of similar capability, as well as the specially designed production facilities for these systems.
  • missile  - self-propelled munition whose trajectory or course is controlled while in flight.
  • missile defense  - Defensive measures designed to destroy attacking enemy missiles, or to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of such attack.
  • missile engagement zone  - In air defense, that airspace of defined dimensions within which the responsibility for engagement of air threats normally rests with surface-to-air missile systems. Also called MEZ.
  • Missile Technology Control Regime  - the policy statement, between the United States, the United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Canada, and Japan, announced on April 16, 1987, to restrict sensitive missile-relevant transfers based on the MTCR Annex, and any amendments thereto. Also called MTCR.
  • Missile Technology Control Regime or MTCR  - the policy statement, between the United States, the United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Canada, and Japan, announced on April 16, 1987, to restrict sensitive missile-relevant transfers based on the MTCR Annex, and any amendments thereto.
  • missing participant  - a participant or beneficiary under a terminating plan whom the plan administrator cannot locate after a diligent search.

missing person- (A) a member of the armed forces on active duty who is in a missing status; or (B) a civilian employee of the Department of Defense or an employee of a contractor of the Department of Defense who serves in direct support of, or accompanies, the armed forces in the field under orders and who is in a missing status. Such term includes an unaccounted for person who is required to be considered a missing person.

  • missing person  - An official U.S. citizen, and/ or eligible family member of an official U.S. citizen, or in some cases as defined by post, a private U.S. citizen, national, and/ or lawful permanent resident, whose whereabouts are unknown, and whose safety cannot be determined.
  • missing status  - the status of a missing person who is determined to be absent in a category of any of the following: (A) Missing.(B) Missing in action.(C) Interned in a foreign country.(D) Captured.(E )

  591 Beleaguered.(F) Besieged.(G) Detained in a foreign country against that person's will.

  • missing status  - The status of an employee who is officially carried or determined to be absent in a status of missing, missing in action, interned in a foreign country, captured, beleaguered or besieged by a hostile force, or detained in a foreign country against the employees will; but does not include the status of an employee for a period during which the employee is officially determined to be absent from post of duty without authority.
  • mission  - 1. The task, together with the purpose, that clearly indicates the action to be taken and the reason therefore. 2. In common usage, especially when applied to lower military units, a duty assigned to an individual or unit; a task. 3. The dispatching of one or more aircraft to accomplish one particular task.
  • mission  - Any Foreign Service post designated as an embassy or a legation and maintained to conduct normal continuing diplomatic relations between the Government of the United States and other governments or between the United States and public international organizations. Apart from permanent missions, special missions may be established to achieve a diplomatic purpose of a special character not identified with the normal continuing diplomatic functions.
  • mission  - missions within the meaning of the Vienna Convention and any missions representing foreign governments, individually or collectively, which are extended the same privileges and immunities, pursuant to law, as are enjoyed by missions under the Vienna Convention.
  • mission  - principal component of strategic goal setting the organizational purpose and directed objective that shape actions and activities to be executed includes roles, responsibilities, and associated tasks.
  • mission activity  - high-level task or step performed in producing and delivering products and services within a group of similar missions carried out by DHS Components to achieve the aims of the mission areas, in coordination with partners across the homeland security operations enterprise includes categories that address fighting and preventing terrorism; securing the borders; enforcing immigration laws; improving preparation for and recovery from natural disasters; and fostering a common culture within DHS.
  • mission and business results measurement area  - A measurement area within the PRM and major component of the line of sight that illustrates the outputs or desired results the Department seeks to achieve.
  • mission area  - basis for all operational activities includes groups of business functions that support one or more lines of business functions or sub-sets of functions.
  • mission assignment  - a work order issued to a Federal agency by the Agency, directing completion by that agency of a specified task and setting forth funding, other managerial controls, and guidance.
  • mission assignment  - The mechanism used to support Federal operations in a Stafford Act major disaster or emergency declaration. It orders immediate, short-term emergency response assistance when an applicable State or local government is overwhelmed by the event and lacks the capability to perform, or contract for, the necessary work. See also Pre-Scripted Mission Assignment. Also called MA.
  • mission assignment  - The vehicle used by the Department of Homeland Security/ Emergency Preparedness and Response/ Federal Emergency Management Agency to support federal operations in a Stafford Act major disaster or emergency declaration that orders immediate, short-term emergency response assistance when an applicable state or local government is overwhelmed by the event and lacks the capability to perform, or contract for, the necessary work.

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  • mission assurance  - The process carried out at a facility or designated organization to identify CIKR, the assets that support essential functions, and to ensure readiness to respond to threats to those assets. The Department also uses the term Emergency Management as a synonym.
  • mission capability  - ability of DHS and its Components to effectively execute their assigned missions.
  • mission command  - The conduct of military operations through decentralized execution based upon mission-type orders.
  • mission consequence  - effect of an incident, event, operation, or occurrence on the ability of an organization or group to meet a strategic objective or perform a function.
  • mission critical personnel  - category of essential personnel that are employees occupying positions and performing functions that must be maintained under all circumstances to ensure the safety and security of the Nation and its citizens.
  • mission critical team  - The Departments senior management personnel from bureaus and offices designated to support the Departments Continuity Programs. The President and/ or Secretary of State, or their designees, may activate MCT members during emergencies involving national security, extended emergencies, or other unique situations. (See the term Emergency Personnel.) Also called MCT.
  • mission essential function  - function that enables an organization to provide vital services, exercise civil authority, maintain the safety of the public, and sustain the industrial/ economic base during disruption of normal operations includes the following categories: 1. Emergency Operating Function 2. Legal and Financial Rights Function 3. Essential Operation Function
  • mission essential functions  - Those U.S. Government functions that must be performed to support or implement the performance of PMEFs before, during, and after an emergency. MEFs are identified from the activities performed by the Departments bureaus and offices. Also called MEF.
  • mission need  - statement of capabilities required by DHS or its stakeholders/ partners to accomplish the mission.
  • mission need statement  - core DHS document that provides a high-level description of the mission need, whether from a current or impending gap, based on business-case planning is a communication vehicle between users and providers/ developers, and between the program and DHS Headquarters (HQ) to provide a strategic framework for acquisition planning and capability delivery.
  • mission needs statement  - A formatted non-system-specific statement containing operational capability needs and written in broad operational terms. Also called MNS.
  • mission program  - organized set of activities acting together to accomplish a specific high-level outcomes external to an organization are the operational processes, skills, technology, human capital, and other resources leveraged to achieve Department goals and objectives.
  • mission program plan  - Internal planning documents, which describes how a U.S. diplomatic missions strategies, goals, objectives, programs, and operational resources will support strategic goals defined in the U.S. Strategic Plan for International Affairs. Also called MPP.
  • mission requirements  - activities that constitute the discharge of an agency's official responsibilities. Such activities include, but are not limited to, the transport of troops and/ or equipment, training, evacuation (including medical evacuation), intelligence and counter-narcotics activities, search and rescue, transportation of prisoners, use of defense attache-controlled aircraft, aeronautical research

  593 and space and science applications, and other such activities. Mission requirements do not include official travel to give speeches, to attend conferences or meetings, or to make routine site visits.

  • mission resource request  - Formerly the Mission Strategic and Resource Plan (MSRP). This document is the first and critical step in the annual planning process that informs the Senior Review process and culminates in the submission of the Presidents Budget to Congress. Also called MRR.
  • mission statement  - a brief, easy-to understand narrative, usually no more than a sentence long. It defines the basic purpose of the agency and is consistent with the agency’s core programs and activities expressed within the broad context of national problems, needs, or challenges.
  • mission statement  - A short sentence or paragraph that describes the organization’s essential task(s), purpose, and action containing the elements of who, what, when, where, and why. See also mission.
  • mission support services  - functions managed by the DHS Chief Readiness Support Officer, including the Department-wide responsibility for leading, governing, integrating, managing and capital planning for all aspects of the following mission support services business line functions throughout DHS: asset management (real property, personal property , aviation, motor vehicle fleet, marine vessels); logistics; mail management and surety; sustainability (environmental planning,   environmental management, energy management) and historic preservation.
  • Mission Training Assessment  - A commander's subjective critique of the command's training proficiency with respect to assigned missions. Also called MTA.
  • mission type order  - 1. An order issued to a lower unit that includes the accomplishment of the total mission assigned to the higher headquarters. 2. An order to a unit to perform a mission without specifying how it is to be accomplished.
  • mission-essential infrastructure  - This infrastructure consists of the Department's core network communication array designed to share data with posts and annexes around the world. This array or backbone includes the networking and telecommunication systems within Main State, the Beltsville Communications Center, and all other facilities, annexes, and posts that relay or bridge communications directly between two or more facilities. The MEI within the Department serves to support the Department's mission-essential business processes that consist of telecommunications (i.e., OpenNet, ClassNet, and voice systems), mainframe operations and access controls, and official and unofficial messaging. Also called MEI.
  • mission-oriented protective posture  - A flexible system of protection against chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear contamination in which personnel are required to wear only that protective clothing and equipment appropriate to the threat level, work rate imposed by the mission, temperature, and humidity. Also called MOPP. See also mission-oriented protective posture gear.
  • mission-oriented protective posture gear  - Military term for individual protective equipment including suit, boots, gloves, mask with hood, first aid treatments, and decontamination kits issued to military members. Also called MOPP gear. See also decontamination; mission-oriented protective posture.
  • mission-related training  - training provided for improving operational performance at any appropriate level supporting critical goals is normally determined by the head of the organization.

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Misznay-Schardin effect - characteristic of the detonation of a broad sheet of explosive where the explosive blast expands directly away from (perpendicular to) the surface of an explosive.

  • mitigation  - Activities providing a critical foundation in the effort to reduce the loss of life and property from natural and/ or manmade disasters by avoiding or lessening the impact of a disaster and providing value to the public by creating safer communities. Mitigation seeks to fix the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage. These activities or actions, in most cases, will have a long-term sustained effect.
  • mitigation  - ongoing and sustained action that eliminates or reduces the potential effects of hazards.
  • mitigation  - those capabilities necessary to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters. Mitigation capabilities include, but are not limited to, community-wide risk reduction projects; efforts to improve the resilience of critical infrastructure and key resource lifelines; risk reduction for specific vulnerabilities from natural hazards or acts of terrorism; and initiatives to reduce future risks after a disaster has occurred.
  • mitigation measure  - specific action to eliminate, reduce or control an adverse effect includes restitution for damages through replacement, restoration or compensation.
  • mixed waste  - waste that contains both hazardous waste and source, special nuclear, or by-product material subject to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
  • mobile code  - Software programs or parts of programs obtained from remote information systems, transmitted across a network, and executed on a local information system without explicit installation or execution by the recipient.
  • mobile code technologies  - Software technologies that provide the mechanisms for the production and use of mobile code (e.g., Java, JavaScript, ActiveX, VBScript).
  • mobile device  - Refers to- (a) Portable removable storage media (e.g., external hard drives, USB memory sticks, flash memory cards, zip drives, IPODS, etc.); and (b) portable information systems (e.g., notebook/ laptop/ tablet computers, personal digital assistants, BlackBerrys, smartphones, digital cameras, iPods, etc.).
  • mobile device identification  - unique serial number that is specific to a mobile device.
  • Mobile Emergency Response Support  - Response capability whose primary function is to provide mobile telecommunications capabilities and life, logistics, operational and power generation support required for the on-site management of disaster response activities. MERS support falls into three broad categories- (1) operational support elements; (2) communications equipment and operators; and (3) logistics support. Also called MERS.
  • mobile health station  - a health care unit that — (A) is constructed, maintained, and capable of being transported within a semi-trailer truck or similar vehicle; (B) is equipped for the provision of 1 or more specialty health care services; and (C) can be equipped to be docked to a stationary health care facility when appropriate.
  • mobile home  - Any type of house trailer or mobile dwelling constructed for use as a residence and designed to be moved overland, either by self-propulsion or towing. (See 14 FAM 632.1 (d) regarding transportation of mobile homes during domestic transfers. )
  • mobile offshore drilling unit  - a vessel (other than a self-elevating lift vessel) capable of use as an

  595 offshore facility. US Code 33, §2701 )

mobile security force - A highly mobile and dedicated security force with the capability to defeat Level I and II threats in a joint security area. Also called MSF.

  • mobility  - A quality or capability of military forces which permits them to move from place to place while retaining the ability to fulfill their primary mission.
  • mobility air forces  - Air components and Service components that are assigned and/ or routinely exercise command authority over mobility operations. Also called MAF.
  • mobility corridor  - Areas that are relatively free of obstacles where a force will be canalized due to terrain restrictions allowing military forces to capitalize on the principles of mass and speed.
  • mobilization  - 1. The process of assembling and organizing national resources to support national objectives in time of war or other emergencies. See also industrial mobilization. 2. The process by which the Armed Forces of the United States or part of them are brought to a state of readiness for war or other national emergency, which includes activating all or part of the Reserve Component as well as assembling and organizing personnel, supplies, and materiel. Also called MOB.
  • mobilization  - any activity in which one firefighting organization assists another that has requested assistance.
  • mobilization  - The process and procedures used by all organizations—Federal, State, tribal, and local — for activating, assembling, and transporting all resources that have been requested to respond to or support an incident.
  • mobilization base  - The total of all resources available, or that can be made available, to meet foreseeable wartime needs.
  • mobilization site  - The designated location where a Reserve Component unit or individual mobilizes or moves after mobilization for further processing, training, and employment. See also mobilization; mobilization station; Reserve Component.
  • mobilization station  - The designated military installation to which a Reserve Component unit or individual is moved for further processing, organizing, equipping, training, and employment and from which the unit or individual may move to an aerial port of embarkation or seaport of embarkation. See also mobilization; mobilization site; Reserve Component.
  • mode (identification, friend or foe)  - The number or letter referring to the specific pulse spacing of the signals transmitted by an interrogator or transponder used for radar identification of aircraft.
  • mode of transport  - One of, or a combination of, the following modes used for a movement: a. inland surface transportation (rail, road, and inland waterway); b. sea transport (coastal and ocean); c. air transportation; and d. pipelines.
  • model  - a category of passenger motor vehicles based on the size, style, and type of a make of vehicle.
  • model  - approximation, representation, or idealization of selected aspects of the structure, behavior, operation, or other characteristics of a real-world process, concept, or system includes

  596   computational, descriptive, discrete, iconic, mathematical, etc.

  • model and simulation  - discipline that comprises the development and/ or use of models and simulations; especially, computer models, computer simulations, and computational science and engineering capabilities.
  • model and simulation accreditation  - official certification that a model or simulation is acceptable for use for a specific purpose.
  • model and simulation validation  - process of determining the extent to which a model or simulation is an accurate representation of the real world from the perspective of the intended use(s) of the model or simulation.
  • model and simulation verification  - process of determining that a model or simulation implementation accurately represents the developer's conceptual description and specification.
  • model line  - a group of motor vehicles having the same platform or model name.
  • model line  - a group of motor vehicles having the same platform or model name.
  • model line of motor vehicles  - a group of motor vehicles having the same platform or model name.
  • model line of motor vehicles  - a group of motor vehicles having the same platform or model name.
  • modeling and simulation  - a field of study related to the application of computer science and mathematics to develop a level of understanding of the interaction of the parts of a system and of a system as a whole.
  • moderate risk position  - position that has the potential for moderate to serious impact on the integrity and efficiency of the federal service.
  • moderate-impact system  - An information system in which at least one security objective (i.e., confidentiality, integrity, or availability) is assigned a FIPS 199 potential impact value of moderate, and no security objective is assigned a FIPS 199 potential impact value of high.
  • moderate-use harbor project  - a project that is assigned to a harbor or inland harbor that transits annually- (A) more than 1,000,000 tons of cargo; but (B) less than 10,000,000 tons of cargo.
  • modern shipbuilding technology  - the best available proven technology, techniques, and processes appropriate to enhancing the productivity of shipyards.
  • modernization  - alteration, major repair (to the extent permitted by regulations), remodeling, replacement, and renovation of existing buildings (including initial equipment thereof), and replacement of obsolete, built-in (as determined in accordance with regulations) equipment of existing buildings.
  • modernization  - the alteration, expansion, major repair (to the extent permitted by regulations), remodeling, replacement, and renovation of existing buildings (including initial equipment thereof), and the replacement of obsolete equipment of existing buildings. simple, or such other estate or interest (including a leasehold on which the rental does not exceed 4 per centum of the value of the land) as the Secretary finds sufficient to assure for a period of not less than twenty-five years'

  597 undisturbed use and possession for the purposes of construction, modernization, or conversion and operation of the project for a period of not less than (A) twenty years in the case of a project assisted under an allotment or grant under this subchapter, or (B) the term of repayment of a loan made or guaranteed under this subchapter in the case of a project assisted by a loan or loan guarantee.

  • Modernized Integrated Database  - The national level repository for the general military intelligence available to the entire Department of Defense Intelligence Information System community and, through Global Command and Control System integrated imagery and intelligence, to tactical units. Also called MIDB.
  • modification  - any Government action that alters the estimated cost of an outstanding direct loan (or direct loan obligation) or an outstanding loan guarantee (or loan guarantee commitment) from the current estimate of cash flows. This includes the sale of loan assets, with or without recourse, and the purchase of guaranteed loans. This also includes any action resulting from new legislation, or from the exercise of administrative discretion under existing law, that directly or indirectly alters the estimated cost of outstanding direct loans (or direct loan obligations) or loan guarantees (or loan guarantee commitments) such as a change in collection procedures.
  • modification  - any physical change in, or change in the method of operation of, a stationary source which increases the amount of any air pollutant emitted by such source or which results in the emission of any air pollutant not previously emitted.
  • modification  - the elimination of any duty.
  • modification factor  - Used to charge agencies receiving less than the full service of a cost center; 0.6 indicates medium level of service and 0.3 a minimum level.
  • modified combined obstacle overlay  - A joint intelligence preparation of the operational environment product used to portray the militarily significant aspects of the operational environment, such as obstacles restricting military movement, key geography, and military objectives. Also called MCOO. See also joint intelligence preparation of the operational environment.
  • modified heavily indebted poor countries initiative  - the multilateral debt initiative presented in the Report of G–7 Finance Ministers on the Köln Debt Initiative to the Köln Economic Summit, Cologne, Germany, held from June 18–20, 1999.
  • modified nuclear weapon  - a nuclear weapon that contains a pit or canned subassembly, either of which—
(A) is in the nuclear weapons stockpile as of December 2, 2002; and
(B) is being modified in order to meet a military requirement that is other than the military requirements applicable to such nuclear weapon when first placed in the nuclear weapons stockpile.
  • modular component health care facility  - a health care facility that is constructed — (1) off-site using prefabricated component units for subsequent transport to the destination location; and (2) represents 1 a more economical method for provision of health care facility 2 than a traditionally constructed health care building.
  • modular contracting  - an acquisition strategy in which an information system is acquired in successive, interoperable, increments or modules .
  • modular treated conference room  - A second-generation design of the treated conference room (TCR), offering more flexibility in configuration and ease of assembly than the original TCR, designed to provide acoustic and RF emanations protection. Also called MTCR.

  598  

  • monetary sanctions  - with respect to any judicial or administrative action- (A) any monies, including penalties, disgorgement, restitution, and interest ordered to be paid; and (B) any monies deposited into a disgorgement fund or other fund, as a result of such action or any settlement of such action.
  • money laundering  - the movement of illicit cash or cash equivalent proceeds into, out of, or through a country, or into, out of, or through a financial institution.
  • monitor  - to acquire, identify, or scan, or to possess, information that is stored on, processed by, or transiting an information system.
  • monitoring  - Reveals whether desired results are occurring and whether Development Objective (DO ) outcomes are on track. It addresses the "what" of performance. Performance monitoring uses preselected indicators to measure progress toward planned results at every level of the Results Framework continuously throughout the life of an AO.
  • monitoring supplier  - examination of the status of the activities of a supplier and of their results by the acquirer or a third party.
  • monitoring station  - facility that receives signals from electronic premises security systems and has personnel in attendance at all times to respond to these signals.
  • month  - A period which runs from a given day in one month through the day preceding the numerically corresponding day in the next month.
  • Montreal protocol or the Protocol  - the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, a protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, including adjustments adopted by Parties thereto and amendments that have entered into force.
  • moored mine  - A contact or influence-operated mine of positive buoyancy held below the surface by a mooring attached to a sinker or anchor on the bottom. See also mine.
  • moral turpitude  - a. Statutory definitions of crimes in the United States consist of various components, which must be met before a conviction can be supported. Some of these components have been determined in judicial or administrative decisions to involve moral turpitude. A conviction for a statutory offense will involve moral turpitude if one or more of the parts of that offense have been determined to involve moral turpitude. The most common offenses involving moral turpitude are- (1) Fraud; (2) Larceny; and (3) Intent to harm persons or things.
  • morale, welfare, and recreation  - The merging of multiple unconnected disciplines into programs that improve unit readiness, promote fitness, build unit morale and cohesion, enhance quality of life, and provide recreational, social, and other support services. Also called MWR.
  • morale, welfare, and recreation  — The merging of multiple unconnected disciplines into programs that improve unit readiness, promote fitness, build unit morale and cohesion, enhance quality of life, and provide recreational, social, and other support services. Also called MWR.
  • mortar munition  - complete munition, comprised of projectile and propellant system, to be fired from the mortar projectile normally comprises fuse, body filled with high explosives (HE) or other filling, obturator, and tail assembly.
  • mortgage  - such classes of liens as are commonly given to secure advances on, or the unpaid purchase price of, real property, under the laws of the State in which the real property is located, together with the credit instruments, if any, secured thereby.

  599

  • mortgage loan  - any loan (other than temporary financing such as a construction loan) that- (A) is secured by a first lien on any interest in residential real property; and (B) either- (i) is insured, guaranteed, made, or assisted by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Department of Veterans Affairs, or the Farmers Home Administration, or by any other agency of the Federal Government; or (ii) is intended to be sold by each originating mortgage institution to any federally chartered secondary mortgage market institution.
  • mortis causa  - By reason or in contemplation of death.
  • mortuary affairs  - Provides for the search for, recovery, identification, preparation, and disposition of human remains of persons for whom the Services are responsible by status and executive order. Also called MA. See also joint mortuary affairs office.
  • mortuary certificate  - A certificate prepared by a U.S. consular officer in conjunction with the local funeral director, attending physician or coroner attesting that a deceased individual did not die of a communicable disease and attesting to the contents of a coffin or urn.
  • Moscow treaty  - The treaty was superseded by the New START Treaty upon its entry into force on February 5, 2011.
  • most efficient organization  - The staffing plan of the agency tender, developed to represent the agency’s most efficient and cost-effective organization. An MEO is required for a standard competition and may include a mix of government personnel and MEO subcontracts. Also called MEO.
  • motor carrier  - entity engaged in the transportation of passengers or property by air, land, or water, as a common, contract, or private carrier; or civil aircraft.
  • motor fuel  - gasoline and diesel fuel.

motor vehicle- (A) a vehicle self-propelled or drawn by mechanical power; but not (B) a vehicle designed or used for military field training, combat, or tactical purposes, or any other special purpose vehicle exempted from the requirements of this chapter by the Administrator of General Services.

  • motor vehicle  - a truck of rated capacity (gross vehicle weight) of at least 10,000 pounds, a highway tractor of rated capacity (gross combination weight) of at least 10,000 pounds, a property-carrying trailer or semitrailer with at least one load-carrying axle of at least 10,000 pounds, or a motor bus with a seating capacity of at least 10 individuals.
  • motor vehicle  - a vehicle driven or drawn by mechanical power and manufactured primarily for use on public highways, but does not include a vehicle operated exclusively on a rail or rails.
  • motor vehicle  - a vehicle driven or drawn by mechanical power and manufactured primarily for use on public highways, but does not include a vehicle operated solely on a rail line or a commercial vehicle.
  • motor vehicle  - any self-propelled four-wheeled vehicle, of less than 6,000 pounds gross vehicle weight, which is designed primarily for use on public streets, roads, and highways.
  • motor vehicle  - every description of carriage or other contrivance propelled or drawn by mechanical power and used for commercial purposes on the highways in the transportation of passengers, passengers and property, or property or cargo.

  600  

  • motor vehicle  - self-propelled vehicle designed for transporting persons or property on a street or highway.
  • motor vehicle accident  - an accident resulting from the maintenance or operation of a passenger motor vehicle or passenger motor vehicle equipment.
  • motor vehicle assembler  - a producer of motor vehicles and any related persons or joint ventures in which the producer participates.
  • motor vehicle assembler  - a producer of motor vehicles and any related persons or joint ventures in which the producer participates.
  • motor vehicle operator  - Any employee of the U.S. Government whose job regularly requires the operation of motor vehicles. This includes chauffeurs, truck drivers, garage employees/ drivers, and guard drivers.
  • motor vehicle operator  - Any individual holding the official job title of Motor Vehicle Operator. Also called MVO.
  • motor vehicles  - Any vehicle, self-propelled or drawn by mechanical power, designed and operated principally for highway transportation of property or passengers.
  • motor vessel  - a vessel propelled by machinery other than steam to make it clear that these vessels are not steam vessels.
  • motor vessel  - a vessel propelled by machinery other than steam.
  • motorcycle  - a motor vehicle which is designed to travel on not more than 3 wheels in contact with the surface.

mounting -1. All preparations made in anticipation of an operation, including assembly in the mounting area, preparation and maintenance within the mounting area, movement to loading points, and subsequent embarkation into ships, craft, or aircraft if applicable. 2. A carriage or stand upon which a weapon is placed.

  • mounting area  - A general locality where assigned forces of an amphibious or airborne operation, with their equipment, are assembled, prepared, and loaded in ships and/ or aircraft preparatory to an assault. See also embarkation area.
  • movement control  - The planning, routing, scheduling, and control of personnel and cargo movements over lines of communications; includes maintaining in-transit visibility of forces and material through the deployment and/ or redeployment process. See also line of communications; movement control teams; non-unit cargo; non-unit-related personnel.
  • movement control team  - An Army team used to decentralize the execution of movement responsibilities on an area basis or at key transportation nodes. Also called MCT.
  • movement data  - Those essential elements of information to schedule lift, obtain transportation assets, manage movement of forces, and report in-transit visibility of movements and associated forces (people, equipment, and supplies).
  • movement group  - Those ships and embarked units that load out and proceed to rendezvous in the objective area.

  601

  • movement phase  - In amphibious operations, the period during which various elements of the amphibious force move from points of embarkation to the objective area. See also amphibious force; amphibious operation.
  • movement plan  - In amphibious operations, the naval plan providing for the movement of the amphibious task force to the objective area. See also amphibious operation; amphibious task force.
  • movement requirement  - A stated movement mode and time-phased need for the transport of units, personnel, and/ or materiel from a specified origin to a specified destination.
  • movement schedule  - A timetable developed to monitor or track the movement of a separate entity, whether it is a force requirement, cargo or personnel increment, or lift asset, that reflects the assignment of specific lift resources, shows a flow and workload at each location, and supports plan implementation.
  • movement table  - A table giving detailed instructions or data for a move.
  • movement to contact  - A form of the offense designed to develop the situation and to establish or regain contact.
  • MOX facility  - the mixed-oxide fuel fabrication facility at the Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina.
  • MOX production objective  - production at the MOX facility of mixed-oxide fuel from defense plutonium and defense plutonium materials at an average rate equivalent to not less than one metric ton of mixed-oxide fuel per year. The average rate shall be determined by measuring production at the MOX facility from the date the facility is declared operational to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission through the date of assessment.
  • MTCR adherent  - a country that participates in the MTCR or that, pursuant to an international understanding to which the United States is a party, controls MTCR equipment or technology in accordance with the criteria and standards set forth in the MTCR.
  • MTCR Annex  - the Guidelines and Equipment and Technology Annex of the MTCR, and any amendments thereto.
  • multi-agency contract  - a task-order or delivery-order contract established by one agency for use by Government agencies to obtain supplies and services, consistent with the Economy Act (see 17.502- 2). Multi-agency contracts include contracts for information technology. Also called MAC.
  • Multiagency Coordination Group  - Typically, administrators/ executives, or their appointed representatives, who are authorized to commit agency resources and funds, are brought together and form MAC Groups. MAC Groups may also be known as multiagency committees, emergency management committees, or as otherwise defined by the system. A MAC Group can provide coordinated decision-making and resource allocation among cooperating agencies, and may establish the priorities among incidents, harmonize agency policies, and provide strategic guidance and direction to support incident management activities. Also called MAC Group.
  • Multiagency Coordination System(s)  - Multiagency coordination systems provide the architecture to support coordination for incident prioritization, critical resource allocation, communications systems integration, and information coordination. The elements of multiagency coordination systems include facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications. Two of the most commonly used elements are emergency operations centers and MAC Groups. These systems assist

  602   agencies and organizations responding to an incident. Also called MACS.

  • multicast stream  - a digital stream of programming that is transmitted by a television broadcast station and is not the station's .
  • multi-disciplinary project team  - group of people from various disciplines that bring their disparate skills to collaboratively solve the challenge being addressed by a project.
  • multifactor authentication  - Authentication using two or more factors to achieve authentication. Factors include- (i) something you know (e.g. password/ PIN); (ii) something you have (e.g., cryptographic identification device, token); or (iii) something you are (e.g., biometric). See Authenticator.
  • multihazard advisory map  - a map on which hazard data concerning each type of natural disaster is identified simultaneously for the purpose of showing areas of hazard overlap.
  • multijurisdictional incident  - An incident requiring action from multiple agencies that each have jurisdiction to manage certain aspects of the incident. In the Incident Command System, these incidents will be managed under Unified Command.
  • multilateral  - involving more than two distinct entities.
  • multilateral development bank  - the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International.
  • multilateral development bank  - the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Development Association, the International Finance Corporation, the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, the African Development Bank, the African Development Fund, the Asian Development Bank, the Inter- American Development Bank, the Inter-American Investment Corporation, any other institution (other than the International Monetary Fund), and any subsidiary of any such institution.
  • multilateral development bank  - the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Development Association, and the regional multilateral development banks.
  • multimedia  - integration of multiple forms of media including text, graphics, audio, and video.
  • multimodal project  - a project involving the participation of more than 1 modal administration or secretarial office within the Department.
  • multinational  - Between two or more forces or agencies of two or more nations or coalition partners. See also alliance; coalition.
  • multinational  - that the qualifying entity, or its affiliate or subsidiary, conducts business in two or more countries, one of which is the United States.
  • multinational doctrine  - The agreed upon fundamental principles that guide the employment of forces of two or more nations in coordinated action toward a common objective. See also doctrine; joint doctrine.
  • multinational executives and managers  - a. An alien may qualify as a priority worker multinational executive or manager if, during the three year period preceding the time of the aliens application for

  603 classification and admission into the United States -(1) The alien has been employed for at least one year by a firm or corporation or other legal entity or an affiliate or subsidiary thereof; or (2) The alien has been an employee of INTELSAT or any successor or separated entity of INTELSAT and has maintained lawful nonimmigrant status as a G-4 for at least one year; and (3) The alien seeks to enter the United States in order to continue to render services to the same employer or to a subsidiary or affiliate thereof in a capacity that is managerial or executive. FAM 102.3‐1 (U) )

  • Multinational Exercise  - A military event that contains one or more non-U.S. participating forces.
  • multinational force  - A force composed of military elements of nations who have formed an alliance or coalition for some specific purpose. Also called MNF. See also multinational force commander; multinational operations.
  • Multinational Force  - A group of warfighters composed of military elements of nations who have formed an alliance or coalition for some specific purpose.
  • Multinational Force and Observers  - the Multinational Force and Observers established in accordance with the Protocol between Egypt and Israel signed on August 3, 1981, relating to the implementation of the security arrangements of the Treaty of Peace.
  • multinational force commander  - A general term applied to a commander who exercises command authority over a military force composed of elements from two or more nations. Also called MNFC. See also multinational force.
  • multinational integrated logistic unit  - An organization resulting when two or more nations agree to provide logistics assets to a multinational logistic force under the operational control of a multinational commander for the logistic support of a multinational force. Also called MILU. See also logistic support; multinational.
  • multinational logistics  - Any coordinated logistic activity involving two or more nations supporting a multinational force conducting military operations under the auspices of an alliance or coalition, including those conducted under United Nations mandate. Also called MNL. See also logistics; multinational.
  • multinational operations  - A collective term to describe military actions conducted by forces of two or more nations, usually undertaken within the structure of a coalition or alliance. See also alliance; coalition.
  • multinational staff  - A staff composed of personnel of two or more nations within the structure of a coalition or alliance. See also integrated staff; joint staff.
  • multiple agency sponsorship agreement Federally Funded Research and Development Center  - written document between the government (primary sponsor and other sponsors) and the Federally Funded Research and Development Center’s parent institution that contains a core statement for each sponsor as well as other items.
  • multiple disabilities  - concomitant impairments (such as mental retardation-blindness or mental retardation-orthopedic impairment), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments.

  604   Multiple disabilities does not include deaf-blindness.

  • Multiple sources  - two or more source documents, classification guides, or a combination of both.
  • multiple use  - the management of the public lands and their various resource values so that they are utilized in the combination that will best meet the present and future needs of the American people; making the most judicious use of the land for some or all of these resources or related services over areas large enough to provide sufficient latitude for periodic adjustments in use to conform to changing needs and conditions; the use of some land for less than all of the resources; a combination of balanced and diverse resource uses that takes into account the long-term needs of future generations for renewable and nonrenewable resources, including, but not limited to, recreation, range, timber, minerals, watershed, wildlife and fish, and natural scenic, scientific and historical values; and harmonious and coordinated management of the various resources without permanent impairment of the productivity of the land and the quality of the environment with consideration being given to the relative values of the resources and not necessarily to the combination of uses that will give the greatest economic return or the greatest unit output.
  • multiple-award contract  - a contract that is — (1) A Multiple Award Schedule contract issued by GSA
  • multiplexer  - A data communications device that combines inputs from two or more terminals, computer ports, or other multiplexers, and transmits the combined data stream over a single high-speed channel. At the receiving end, the data stream is demultiplexed, either by another multiplexer or by computer software programs. Also called MUX.
  • multiplier  - The ratio between the direct effect on output or employment and the full effect, including the effects of second order rounds or spending. Multiplier effects greater than 1.0 require the existence of involuntary unemployment.
  • multipoint refueling system  - KC-135 aircraft equipped with external wing-mounted pods to conduct drogue air refueling, while still maintaining boom air refueling capability on the same mission. See also air refueling.
  • multipurpose passenger vehicle  - a passenger motor vehicle constructed on a truck chassis or with special features for occasional off-road operation.
  • multi-regional project  - A group of 12 or more participants from at least two regions of the world. The Office of International Visitors initiates all MRPs and shares the list of upcoming projects with missions prior to the nomination deadline. All MRPs are conducted in English. Also called MRP.
  • multi-Service publication  - A publication containing principles, terms, tactics, techniques, and procedures used and approved by the forces of two or more Services to perform a common military function consistent with approved joint doctrine.
  • multispectral imagery  - The image of an object obtained simultaneously in a number of discrete spectral bands. Also called MSI.
  • multispot ship  - Those ships certified to have two or more adjacent landing areas. See also spot.

  605

  • municipal purposes  - and includes all purposes within municipal powers as defined by the constitution or laws of the State or by the charter of the municipality.
  • municipal separate storm water sewer system  - municipally owned sewer system, or other storm water runoff management system, that is designed to collect storm water runoff but the runoff does not enter a wastewater collection system or treatment plant.

municipal solid waste- (i) household waste; (ii) commercial and retail waste; and (iii) institutional waste.

  • municipal solid waste  - discarded everyday items, such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, and batteries collected by locally mandate government bodies generally does not include construction and demolition materials, municipal wastewater treatment sludges, non-hazardous industrial wastes, hazardous waste, or special waste.
  • municipal waste  - any organic matter, including sewage, sewage sludge, and industrial or commercial waste, and mixtures of such matter and inorganic refuse (i) from any publicly or privately operated municipal waste collection or similar disposal system, or (ii) from similar waste flows (other than such flows which constitute agricultural wastes or residues, or wood wastes or residues from wood harvesting activities or production of forest products). Does not include any hazardous waste, as determined by the Secretary of Energy.
  • municipal waste energy project  - any facility (or portion of a facility) located in the United States primarily for (i) the production of biomass fuel (and byproducts) from municipal waste; or (ii) the combustion of municipal waste for the purpose of generating steam or forms of useful energy, including industrial process heat, mechanical power, or electricity (including cogeneration). Includes any necessary transportation, preparation, and disposal equipment and machinery for use in or at the site of the facility involved.
  • municipality  - a political subdivision of a State.
  • munition  — A complete device charged with explosives; propellants; pyrotechnics; initiating composition; or chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear material for use in operations including demolitions.
  • munition  - ammunition, ordnance, or demolition charges containing explosives, propellants, pyrotechnics, initiating composition, or nuclear, biological, or chemical material for use in military operations.
  • munitions constituents  - any materials originating from unexploded ordnance, discarded military munitions, or other military munitions, including explosive and nonexplosive materials, and emission, degradation, or breakdown elements of such ordnance or munitions.
  • munitions effectiveness assessment  - Conducted concurrently and interactively with battle damage assessment, the assessment of the military force applied in terms of the weapon system and munitions effectiveness to determine and recommend any required changes to the methodology, tactics, weapon system, munitions, fusing, and/ or weapon delivery parameters to increase force effectiveness. Munitions effectiveness assessment is primarily the responsibility of operations with required inputs and coordination from the intelligence community. Also called MEA. See also assessment; battle damage assessment.
  • munitions list items  - Commodities (usually defense articles or defense services) listed in the International Traffic in Arms Regulation and published by the U.S. Department of State. Also

  606   called MLI.

  • Munroe effect  - focusing of blast energy caused by a hollow or void cut into the surface of an explosive.
  • mutilated check  - A check from which large portions are missing. Such check is treated as unavailable for cancellation purposes.
  • mutual aid and assistance agreement  - Written or oral agreement between and among agencies/ organizations and/ or jurisdictions that provides a mechanism to quickly obtain emergency assistance in the form of personnel, equipment, materials, and other associated services. The primary objective is to facilitate rapid, short-term deployment of emergency support prior to, during, and/ or after an incident.
  • mutual support  - That support which units render each other against an enemy, because of their assigned tasks, their position relative to each other and to the enemy, and their inherent capabilities. See also close support; direct support; support.
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