- P5+1 countries - the United States, France, the Russian Federation, the People's Republic of China, the United Kingdom, and Germany.
- package - any container of naval stores, and includes barrel, tank, tank car, or other receptacle.
- package service - Bound Printed Matter, Library Mail, Media Mail, Parcel Post, and Parcel Select (not available at DPO locations).
- packaging, handling, storage, and transportation - effort that consists of those resources, processes, procedures, design considerations, and methods to ensure all system, equipment, and support items are preserved, packaged, handled, and transported properly includes; environmental considerations, equipment preservation requirements for short- and long-term storage, and transportability.
- packing costs - the cost of all containers and coverings of whatever nature and of packing, whether for labor or materials, used in placing merchandise in condition, packed ready for shipment to the United States.
- packing materials and containers for shipment - goods used to protect another good during its transportation and does not include the packaging materials and containers in which the other good is packaged for retail sale.
- packing materials and containers for shipment - goods used to protect another good during its transportation and does not include the packaging materials and containers in which the other good is packaged for retail sale.
- packing materials and containers for shipment - the goods used to protect a good during its transportation and does not include the packaging materials and containers in which a good is packaged for retail sale.
- packup kit - Service-provided maintenance gear sufficient for a short-term deployment, including spare parts and consumables most commonly needed by the deployed helicopter detachment. Supplies are sufficient for a short-term deployment but do not include all material needed for every maintenance task. Also called PUK.
- pager - simple personal telecommunications device for short messages.
- paid leave status - The administrative status of an employee while the employee is using accrued or accumulated annual or sick leave.
- paid leave status - the administrative status of an employee while the employee is using annual or sick leave accrued or accumulated.
- paid Status - A check identified as paid that has been presented to the U.S. Treasury for payment through the banking system.
- pain care - the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, or management of acute or chronic pain regardless of causation or body location.
- pain value analysis - technique used to help identify the business impact of one or more problems.
- paint in poor condition - condition in which paint is severely worn, weathered or no longer adhering, i.e., peeling, cracking, flaking, chalking; or the substrate is broken, exposed or otherwise deteriorated.
- Palestinian Authority - the interim Palestinian administrative organization that governs part of the West Bank and all of the Gaza Strip (or any successor Palestinian governing entity), including the Palestinian Legislative Council.
- pallet - Pallets are flat platforms, usually made of metal or wood in various sizes that conform to aircraft cargo hold dimensions. Pallets can also be referred to as a ULD. (Also see Unit Load Device. )
- palletize - The process of placing and securing classified diplomatic pouches onto a pallet in a manner that allows for handling as a single unit. Used as a base, the pallets are open and exposed. Individual classified diplomatic pouches are secured to the pallets with nets, straps, and other restraints. This process is often referred to as palletizing or building a pallet.
- palletize - The process of placing and securing classified diplomatic pouches onto a pallet in a manner that allows for handling as a single unit. Used as a base, the pallets are open and exposed. Individual classified diplomatic pouches are secured to the pallets with nets, straps, and other restraints. This
679 process is often referred to as palletizing or building a pallet.
- pandemic and all-hazards preparedness reauthorization act - Law signed in March 2013 to reauthorize certain programs under the Public Health Service Act and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act with respect to public health security and all-hazards and to amend those acts. Authorizes funding for certain public health and medical preparedness programs; amends the Public Health Service Act to enable the Secretary to authorize state health departments and tribes to temporarily reassign personnel funded under Public Health Service Act programs to respond to a federally declared public health emergency in their jurisdiction; authorizes funding for buying medical countermeasures under Project BioShield; increases the flexibility to support advanced research and development of medical countermeasures; increases flexibility to authorize emergency use of unapproved products and unapproved uses of approved products.
- parallel chains of command - In amphibious operations, a parallel system of command, responding to the interrelationship of participating forces, wherein corresponding commanders are established at each subordinate level of all components to facilitate coordinated planning for, and execution of, the amphibious operation.
- paramilitary forces - Forces or groups distinct from the regular armed forces of any country, but resembling them in organization, equipment, training, or mission.
- paraphrasing - Restating text in different phraseology without altering its meaning.
- paraprofessional - an individual who is trained and employed as a health agent for the provision of basic assistance in the identification, prevention, or treatment of illness or disability.
- paraprofessional child and adolescent mental health worker - an individual who is not a mental or behavioral health service professional, but who works at the first stage of contact with children and families who are seeking mental or behavioral health services, including substance abuse prevention and treatment services.
- parcel - An item in a hard container; i.e., cardboard, plastic, fiberglass, metal, or wooden box, weighing 70 pounds or less and measuring no more than 108 inches in length and girth combined. See USPS Domestic Mail Manual for definitions of machinable parcels, irregular parcels, and outside parcels.
parent- (1) A biological, adoptive, step, or foster parent of the employee, or a person who was a foster parent of the employee when the employee was a minor; (2) A person who is the legal guardian of the employee or was the legal guardian of the employee when the employee was a minor or required a legal guardian; (3) A person who stands in loco parentis to the employee or stood in loco parentis to the employee when the employee was a minor or required someone to stand in loco parentis; and (4) A parent, as described in paragraphs (1) through (3) of an employees spouse or domestic partner.
- parent - a biological parent, adoptive parent, stepparent, foster parent or other person acting in loco parentis or any person or competent authority who has legal right of custody to a child. (1) Left Behind Parent (LBP) - The person fitting the definition of Parent who is not able to exercise custodial rights (real or alleged) as a result of the other parents alleged wrongful removal or retention of the child outside the child’s habitual residence. (2) Alleged Taking Parent (TP) - The person fitting the definition of Parent who has wrongfully removed/ retained, or plans to remove, a child from the country of habitual residence resulting in the interference with the other parents rights of custody. This definition also applies to a parent who may have taken the child with the other parents consent, but who then retains the child outside his/ her habitual residence in violation of the other parents rights of custody (wrongful retention).
- parent - a father of a legitimate child, mother of a legitimate child, father through adoption, mother
680 through adoption, mother of an illegitimate child, and father of an illegitimate child but only if (A) he acknowledged paternity of the child in writing signed by him before the child's death; or (B) he has been judicially ordered to contribute to the child's support; or (C) he has been judicially decreed to be the father of such child; or (D) proof of paternity is established by a certified copy of the public record of birth or church record of baptism showing that the claimant was the informant and was named as father of the child; or (E) proof of paternity is established from service department or other public records, such as school or welfare agencies, which show that with his knowledge the claimant was named as father of the child. No person who abandoned or willfully failed to support a child during the child's minority, or consented to the child's adoption may be recognized as a parent for the purpose of this subchapter. However, the immediately preceding sentence shall not be applied so as to require duplicate payments in any case in which insurance benefits have been paid prior to receipt in the administrative office established of sufficient evidence to clearly establish that the person so paid could not qualify as a parent solely by reason of such sentence. US Code 38, §1965. )
- parent - a legal guardian or other person standing in loco parentis (e.g., a grandparent or stepparent with whom the child lives, or a person who is legally responsible for the welfare of the child).
- parent - a parent, father, or mother only where the relationship exists by reason of any of the circumstances listed in INA, except for certain cases under INA. Parent, father, and mother, are terms which are not changed in meaning if the child becomes 21 years of age or marries.
- parent - step-parents and parents by adoption, parents-in-law, and any person who for more than three years prior to the death of the deceased employee stood in the place of a parent to him, if dependent on the injured employee.
- parent - the biological parent of an employee or an individual who stood in loco parentis to an employee when the employee was a son or daughter.
- parent - The mother, father, stepparent or legally adoptive parent of the employee or of the spouse, or domestic partner or individuals who have stood in place of a parent for the employee or spouse or domestic partner during a significant portion of the individuals childhood prior to age 18. An employee or spouse or domestic partner cannot be deemed to have more than two parents under any circumstances; i.e., if the employee or employees spouse or domestic partner has identified two birth parents as parents and traveled on medical, eldercare, or unusual personal hardship EVT to assist them, he or she cannot request EVT for a third parental individual, for example death EVT, upon the death of a stepparent.
- parent institution Federally Funded Research and Development Center - entity that contracts with the primary sponsor to operate the Federally Funded Research and Development Center or a national laboratory.
parent means- (1) A biological, adoptive, step, or foster parent of the employee, or a person who was a foster parent of the employee when the employee was a minor; (2) A person who is the legal guardian of the employee or was the legal guardian of the employee when the employee was a minor or required a legal guardian; (3) A person who stands in loco parentis to the employee or who stood in loco parentis to the employee when the employee was a minor or required someone to stand in loco parentis; or (4) A parent, as described in subparagraphs (1) through (3) of this definition, of an employee's spouse or domestic partner.
- parent, father, and mother - a father, mother, father through adoption, mother through adoption, persons who have stood in loco parentis to a member of the military or naval forces at any time before entry into active service for a period of not less than one year, and a stepparent, if designated as beneficiary by the insured.
- pareto principle - technique used to prioritize activities that says 80% of the value of any activity is
681 created with 20% of the effort.Lexicon, Terms )
- parking permit - device utilized for identifying vehicles qualified and authorized to park in a designated area.
- parking space - The area allocated in a parking facility for the temporary storage of one passenger- carrying motor vehicle.
- part - a frame, assembly, component, appliance, engine, propeller, material, part, spare part, piece, section, or related integral or auxiliary equipment.
- partial mobilization - Expansion of the active Armed Forces resulting from action by Congress (up to full mobilization) or by the President (not more than 1,000,000 for not more than 24 consecutive months) to mobilize Ready Reserve Component units, individual reservists, and the resources needed for their support to meet the requirements of a war or other national emergency involving an external threat to the national security.
partial separation- (A) his hours of work reduced to 80 percent or less of his average weekly hours in adversely affected employment, and (B) his wages reduced to 80 percent or less of his average weekly wage in such adversely affected employment.
- partial termination - the termination of a part, but not all, of the work that has not been completed and accepted under a contract.
- participant - a state, customs territory, or regional economic integration organization identified by the Secretary of State.
- participant - a Federal, State, or private entity that chooses to cooperate with the Administrator by collecting, contributing, and maintaining covered data.
- participant - any employee or former employee of an employer, or any member or former member of an employee organization, who is or may become eligible to receive a benefit of any type from an employee benefit plan which covers employees of such employer or members of such organization, or whose beneficiaries may be eligible to receive any such benefit.
participate in any peacekeeping operation under chapter VI of the charter of the United Nations or
- peace enforcement operation under chapter VII of the charter of the United Nations - to assign members of the Armed Forces of the United States to a United Nations military command structure as part of a peacekeeping operation under chapter VI of the charter of the United Nations or peace enforcement operation under chapter VII of the charter of the United Nations in which those members of the Armed Forces of the United States are subject to the command or operational control of one or more foreign military officers not appointed in conformity with the Constitution of the United States.
- participating agency - a department or agency of the Federal Government that is represented on the Council by a member.
- participating agency - A U.S. Government agency with representation abroad under chief of mission authority that has signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) authorizing the Department of State to recruit and hire on behalf of the agency individuals to perform services in support of the participating agency. Also called PA.
- participating program - a levee safety program developed by a State or Indian tribe that includes the minimum components necessary for recognition by the Secretary.
- participating uniformed service - the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps, and any other uniformed service that is covered by an agreement entered.
- participation - take part in an activity or event with others.
- particular cancer - one specific type of cancer or a type of cancers scientifically proven to have the same cause.
- particularly severe violations of religious freedom - systematic, ongoing, egregious violations of religious freedom, including violations such as- (A) torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment;(B) prolonged detention without charges;(C) causing the disappearance of persons by the abduction or clandestine detention of those persons; or (D) other flagrant denial of the right to life, liberty, or the security of persons.
- partner - outside entity who participates in a project as a source of operational requirements, testing support, solution providers, co-researchers/ developers, or other support functions may include End Users and the Customer.
- partner country - a country with a minimum United States Government investment of HIV/ AIDS assistance of at least $5,000,000 in the prior fiscal year.
- partner government - a government with which the United States is working to provide assistance to combat HIV/ AIDS, tuberculosis, or malaria on behalf of people living within the jurisdiction of such government.
- partner nation - A nation that the United States works with in a specific situation or operation. Also called PN.
- partnership intermediary agreement - agreement between DHS and a partnership intermediary which allow the partnership intermediary to: 1. Identify new technologies in the private sector that can be utilized by DHS; 2. Facilitate joint projects between DHS and private companies, as well as between agencies and academic institutions, in order to accelerate delivery of technological capabilities to the nation, and 3. Help existing companies identify DHS technologies that can be licensed and commercialized.
- part-time employee - An employee for whom there has been established in advance a regularly scheduled workweek of 16 to 32 hours per week.
- part-time employee - an employee who is employed for an average of fewer than 20 hours per week or who has been employed for fewer than 6 of the 12 months preceding the date on which notice is required.
- part-time employee - employee who works between 16 and 32 hours each week or between 32 and 64 hours a pay period.
- part-time temporary - A direct-hire U.S. Government employee who has a work schedule of less than 40 hours per week and an appointment not to exceed one year.
- party - Any person invited, subpoenaed or otherwise required to participate in any investigation, hearing, or other official activity of a Board.
- party - For purposes of this chapter, one who is engaged in a legal proceeding - a plaintiff or defendant in
683 a lawsuit, or the counsel of record - A party may be an individual or an organization. FAM 913 )
- party - the grievant, the exclusive representative, or the foreign affairs agency having control over the act or condition forming the subject matter of the grievance.
- party to the international criminal court - a government that has deposited an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession to the Rome Statute, and has not withdrawn from the Rome Statute.
- pass - In a telegram, a handling instruction requiring a post with regional responsibilities to relay the telegram to constituent posts designated in the telegram.
- pass - In a telegram, a handling instruction requiring a post with regional responsibilities to relay the telegram to constituent posts designated in the telegram.
- passage material - document, item of equipment, or information that has been originated by, or is in the custody of, the federal government that is provided to or requested by a foreign intelligence service or target of an offensive counterintelligence activity may be in any format, including audio, video, verbal, or electronic transmission.
- passage of lines - An operation in which a force moves forward or rearward through another force’s combat positions with the intention of moving into or out of contact with the enemy.
passenger- (A) an employee of a rail passenger carrier aboard a train; (B) any other person aboard the train without regard to whether the person paid for the transportation, occupied a seat, or held a reservation for the rail transportation; and (C) any other person injured or killed in a rail passenger accident, as determined appropriate by the Board. passenger- (A) an employee of an air carrier or foreign air carrier aboard an aircraft; and (B) any other person aboard the aircraft without regard to whether the person paid for the transportation, occupied a seat, or held a reservation for the flight.
- passenger - traveler in a public or private conveyance.
- passenger aircraft - a civil aircraft equipped so that its main deck can be used for the carriage of individuals and cannot be used principally, without major modification, for the carriage of property or mail.
passenger boardings- (A) unless the context indicates otherwise, revenue passenger boardings in the United States in the prior calendar year on an aircraft in service in air commerce, as the Secretary determines under regulations the Secretary prescribes; and (B) includes passengers who continue on an aircraft in international flight that stops at an airport in the 48 contiguous States, Alaska, or Hawaii for a nontraffic purpose.
- passenger for hire - a passenger for whom consideration is contributed as a condition of carriage on the vessel, whether directly or indirectly flowing to the owner, charterer, operator, agent, or any other person having an interest in the vessel.
- passenger motor vehicle - a motor vehicle with motive power designed to carry not more than 12 individuals, but does not include (A) a motorcycle; or (B) a truck not designed primarily to carry its operator or passengers.
passenger motor vehicle equipment- (A) a system, part, or component of a passenger motor vehicle as originally made; (B) a similar part or component made or sold for replacement or improvement of a 684 system, part, or component, or as an accessory or addition to a passenger motor vehicle; or (C) a device made or sold for use in towing a passenger motor vehicle. §32101. )
- passenger transit system - passenger mass transportation services which run on a scheduled timetable and are available for use by the general public excludes non-transit services such as taxicab, school bus, unregulated jitney (a small bus or automobile that transport passengers on a route for a small fare), sightseeing bus, intercity bus, and special application mass transportation systems (for example, amusement parks, airports, island, and urban park ferries )
- passenger transportation system - an entity or entities organized to provide passenger transportation using vehicles, including the infrastructure used to provide such transportation.
- passenger vehicle - a motor vehicle which is designed for transporting 10 individuals or less, including the driver, except that such term does not include a vehicle which is constructed on a truck chassis, a motorcycle, a trailer, or any motor vehicle which is not required on the date under a Federal motor vehicle safety standard to be equipped with a belt system.
- passenger vessel - a vessel of at least 100 gross tons authorized to carry more than 12 passengers including at least one passenger for hire (a person providing consideration in return for passage) in addition to the master, crew, or other persons employed or engaged on board a vessel in any capacity connected with the business of the vessel.
- passenger vessel - commercial vessel specially designed to transport passengers includes cruise liners, ferries, charter boats, etc., but not privately owned recreational vessels.
- passive air defense - All measures, other than active air defense, taken to minimize the effectiveness of hostile air and missile threats against friendly forces and assets. See also air defense.
- passive defense - Measures taken to reduce the probability of and to minimize the effects of damage caused by hostile action without the intention of taking the initiative. See also active defense.
- passive infrared switch - switch that detects movement of a heat source when the change in ambient temperature is detected, the sensor acts as a trigger to initiate the improvised explosive device.
- passive investment - an investment in which neither the investor nor any affiliate of the investor is involved in, or has the power to be involved in, the formulation, determination, or direction of any activity or function concerning the management, use, or operation of the asset that is the subject of the investment.
- passive mine - 1. A mine whose anticountermining device has been operated preventing the firing mechanism from being actuated. 2. A mine which does not emit a signal to detect the presence of a target.
- passive sensor - detecting device that detects some type of energy emitted by the target of interest or the change of a natural field caused by the target.
- passport - a passport book or passport card.
- passport - any travel document issued by competent authority showing the bearer's origin, identity, and nationality if any, which is valid for the admission of the bearer into a foreign country.
- pass-through entity - a non-Federal entity that provides a Federal award to a subrecipient to carry out a
685 Federal program. House, OMB, Circular A‐133, Section_.105 )
- pass-through entity - A non-Federal entity that provides a Federal award to a subrecipient to carry out a Federal program.
- password - A protected character string used to authenticate the identity of a computer system user or to authorize access to system resources.
- password - A protected character string used to authenticate the identity of a computer system user or to authorize access to system resources.
- past performance - An indicator that may be used in the source selection process to evaluate a prospective provider’s previous performance on work comparable to that being competed, for the purpose of predicting the quality of future performance relative to other offers or public reimbursable tenders.
- past performance - an offeror’s or contractor’s performance on active and physically completed contracts.
- patentee - includes not only the patentee to whom the patent was issued but also the successors in title to the patentee.
- patient movement - The act or process of moving a sick, injured, wounded, or other person to obtain medical and/ or dental care or treatment. Functions include medical regulating, patient evacuation, and en route medical care. See also patient movement items; patient movement requirements center.
- patient movement items - The medical equipment and supplies required to support patients during aeromedical evacuation, which is part of a standardized list of approved safe-to-fly equipment. Also called PMIs.
- patient movement policy - Command decision establishing the maximum number of days that patients may be held within the command for treatment. See also evacuation.
- patient movement requirements center - 1. A joint activity that coordinates patient movement by functionally merging of joint medical regulating processes, Services’ medical regulating processes, and patient movement evacuation requirements planning (transport to bed plan). 2. Term used to represent any theater, joint or the Global Patient Movement Requirements Center function. Also called PMRC.
- patient protection and affordable care act - Is made up of two pieces of legislation-the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 - that were signed into law in March 2010 and that aim to expand access to private and public health insurance while improving quality and lowering healthcare costs.
- patient safety activities - the following activities:(A) Efforts to improve patient safety and the quality of health care delivery. (B) The collection and analysis of patient safety work product. (C) The development and dissemination of information with respect to improving patient safety, such as recommendations, protocols, or information regarding best practices. (D) The utilization of patient safety work product for the purposes of encouraging a culture of safety and of providing feedback and assistance to effectively minimize patient risk. (E) The maintenance of procedures to preserve
686 confidentiality with respect to patient safety work product. (F) The provision of appropriate security measures with respect to patient safety work product. (G) The utilization of qualified staff. (H) Activities related to the operation of a patient safety evaluation system and to the provision of feedback to participants in a patient safety evaluation system.
- patient safety evaluation system - the collection, management, or analysis of information for reporting to or by a patient safety organization.
- patriot - A point and limited area defense surface-to-air missile system capable of intercepting aircraft and theater missiles, including short-, medium-, and intermediate-range ballistic missiles in the terminal phase.
- pattern analysis - identifying trends in activities or behaviors using prior actions and activities.
- pattern of activities - a series of acts with a common purpose or objective.
- pattern of noncompliance - the persistent failure-(i) of a Convention country to implement and abide by provisions of the Hague Abduction Convention;(ii) of a non-Convention country to abide by bilateral procedures that have been established between the United States and such country; or(iii) of a non-Convention country to work with the Central Authority of the United States to resolve abduction cases.
- pay - basic pay, special pay, retainer pay, incentive pay, retired pay, and equivalent pay, but does not include allowances.
- pay - Current salary at time of request; that is, the basic pay of an employee exclusive of all allowances, differentials, or other additional compensation minus mandatory deductions (Federal, state, and local income taxes, U.S. Social Security taxes, retirement, basic life insurance, health insurance, salary offset for indebtedness, garnishments and court-ordered bankruptcy payments).
- pay categories of cost - Costs in a cost estimate associated with the payroll for government personnel, including inflation.
- pay of U.S. citizen personal services contractors - Governed by the terms of the contract. The contract may provide a stated annual rate adjusted for such monetized benefits as health insurance to create an adjusted annual rate to be used for hours worked during the basic workweek. The stated annual rate base for hours in excess of the basic workweek is the unadjusted rate.
- pay period - Refers to a time period which covers two administrative workweeks for all employees except those hired on an other-than-annual basis, for whom a pay period is in accordance with the terms of the appointment.
- payability - The length of time a USG check can be negotiated to a financial institution.
payment- (i) a payment that is- (I) made to further the commercial development of oil, natural gas, or minerals; and (II) not de minimis; and (ii) includes taxes, royalties, fees (including license fees), production entitlements, bonuses, and other material benefits, that the Commission, consistent with the guidelines of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (to the extent practicable), determines are part of the commonly recognized revenue stream for the commercial development of oil, natural gas, or minerals.
- payment - Disbursement or liquidation of an obligation by issuing a check, cash, or electronic funds
687 transfer (EFT). Payment occurs on the settlement date for electronic funds transfers or the date of the U.S. Treasury check. USAID, FAM, 4 FAM 414 )
- payment - Funds paid for travel, subsistence, and related expenses by check or similar instrument to the Department or payment in kind.
- payment date - the date on the check for payment or the date of an electronic fund transfer (EFT ) payment (settlement date).
- payment error rate - the sum of the point estimates of an overpayment error rate and an underpayment error rate determined by the Secretary from data collected in a probability sample of participating households.
- payment in kind - Goods, services, or other benefits provided by a non-Federal source for travel, subsistence, and related expenses in lieu of funds paid to the Department by check or similar instrument for the same purpose.
- peace building - Stability actions, predominately diplomatic and economic, that strengthen and rebuild governmental infrastructure and institutions in order to avoid a relapse into conflict. Also called PB. See also peace enforcement; peacekeeping; peacemaking; peace operations.
- peace enforcement - Application of military force, or the threat of its use, normally pursuant to international authorization, to compel compliance with resolutions or sanctions designed to maintain or restore peace and order. See also peace building; peacekeeping; peacemaking; peace operations.
- peace operations - A broad term that encompasses multiagency and multinational crisis response and limited contingency operations involving all instruments of national power with military missions to contain conflict, redress the peace, and shape the environment to support reconciliation and rebuilding and facilitate the transition to legitimate governance. Also called PO. See also peace building; peace enforcement; peacekeeping; and peacemaking.
- Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty - The Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Underground Nuclear Explosions for Peaceful Purposes, also known as the PNET, was signed in on May 28, 1976. The PNET governs all nuclear explosions carried out at locations outside the weapons test sites specified under the Threshold Test Ban Treaty (TTBT). The parties agree not to carry out any individual nuclear explosions having a yield exceeding 150 kilotons; not to carry out any group explosion having an aggregate yield exceeding 1,500 kilotons; and not to carry out any group explosion having an aggregate yield exceeding 150 kilotons unless the individual explosions in the group could be identified and measured by agreed verification procedures. The treaty entered into force December 11, 1990. The treaty remains in force for a period of 5 years from entry into force and is automatically extended for successive 5- year periods. However, neither party may withdraw from the PNET while the TTBT remains in force; conversely, either party may withdraw from the PNET upon termination of the TTBT. Also called PNET.
- peacekeeping - Military operations undertaken with the consent of all major parties to a dispute, designed to monitor and facilitate implementation of an agreement (cease fire, truce, or other such agreement) and support diplomatic efforts to reach a long-term political settlement. See also peace building; peace enforcement; peacemaking; peace operations.
- peacekeeping force - those personnel assigned to a force engaged in a peacekeeping operation authorized by the United Nations Security Council.
peacekeeping operation under chapter VI of the charter of the United Nations or peace
688 operation to maintain or restore international peace and security that- (A) is authorized by the United Nations Security Council under chapter VI or VII of the charter of the United Nations; and (B) is paid for from assessed contributions of United Nations members that are made available for peacekeeping or peace enforcement activities. §7432 )
- peacemaking - The process of diplomacy, mediation, negotiation, or other forms of peaceful settlements that arranges an end to a dispute and resolves issues that led to it. See also peace building; peace enforcement; peacekeeping; peace operations.
- peer - person from the same professional discipline/ specialty to whom comparative reference is being made.
- peer review - A process by which scientific research proposals or scientific findings are reviewed by other scientists with relevant backgrounds or expertise. The peer review process serves as a mechanism to identify meritorious research projects, to promote quality control by rejecting unsubstantiated findings or conclusions, and to identify methodological flaws, although it does not guarantee that data or findings are free of biases, mistakes, or other errors.
- peer review - evaluation of a person's work or performance by a group of people in the same occupation, profession, or industry.
- peer-to-peer services or programs - services or programs that connect.
- penalty - An amount assessed that is delinquent for more than 90 days to discourage delinquencies and encourage early payment of the delinquent debt in full.
- penalty mail - official mail, other than franked mail, which is authorized by law to be transmitted in the mail without prepayment of postage.
- pending bill - Any bill or resolution that has been introduced in Congress or any amendment to a bill or resolution while in committee or when proposed for House or Senate floor consideration during debate. Also, any proposal placed before the conferees on a bill that has passed both Houses.
- penetration testing - A test methodology in which assessors, typically working under specific constraints, attempt to circumvent or defeat the security features of an information system.
- penetration testing - Penetration testing is security testing in which evaluators attempt to circumvent the security features of a system based on their understanding of the system design and implementation. The purpose of penetration testing is to identify methods of gaining access to a system by using common tools and techniques used by attackers.
- pension - a monthly or other periodic payment made by the Secretary to a veteran because of service, age, or non-service-connected disability, or to a surviving spouse or child of a veteran because of the non-service-connected death of the veteran.
- people - all persons in (or intending to enter) a domain, including passengers, employees (public and private sector), and other persons related to the domain
- per capita - The method of dividing an intestate estate by which an equal share is given to each of a number of persons, all of whom stand in equal degree to the decedent. Distributees of the same generation share equally in the proceeds for that generation.
- per diem - The per diem allowance (also referred to as subsistence allowance) is a daily payment instead of reimbursement for actual expenses for lodging, meals, and related incidental expenses. The per diem allowance is separate from transportation expenses and other miscellaneous expenses. The per diem allowance covers all charges, including taxes and service charges where applicable for- (1) Lodging. Includes expenses for overnight sleeping facilities, baths, personal use of the room during daytime, telephone access fee, and service charges for fans, air conditioners, heaters and fires furnished in the room when such charges are not included in the room rate. Lodging does not include accommodations on airplanes, trains, buses, or ships. Such cost is included in the transportation cost and is not considered a lodging expense. (See definitions for layover and overnight); (2) Meals. Expenses for breakfast, lunch, dinner and related tips and taxes (specifically excluded are alcoholic beverage and entertainment expenses, and any expenses incurred for other persons); and (3) Incidental expenses- (a) Fees and tips given to porters, baggage carriers, bellhops, hotel maids, stewards or stewardesses and others on ships, and hotel servants in foreign countries; (b) Transportation between places of lodging or business and places where meals are taken, and (c) Mailing cost associated with filing travel vouchers and payment of Government sponsored charge card billings.
- per stirpes - The method of dividing an estate by which a group of distributees takes the share which a deceased distributee would have been entitled to take (e.g., three children take one-third share each of their deceased mothers share of their grandfathers estate).
perceived medical emergency -circumstances in which the behavior of an individual leads a reasonable person to believe that the individual is experiencing a life-threatening medical condition that requires an immediate medical response regarding the heart or other cardiopulmonary functioning of the individual.
- percussion initiator - device that serves as an igniting element usually initiated by mechanical means.
- perfection - related to a security interest, taking action (including public filing, recording, notation on a certificate of title, and possession of collateral by the secured party), or the existence of facts, required under law to make a security interest enforceable against general creditors and subsequent lien creditors of a debtor; does not include compliance with requirements related only to the establishment of a valid security interest between the debtor and the secured party.
- performance appraisal process - process under which results-driven performance requirements are established, reviewed, evaluated, assigned a summary rating, and documented in writing.
- performance based logistics - management approach that includes selecting the optimum organic/ contractor mix, identifying/ documenting a performance level, obtaining user/ customer agreement, developing a performance-based agreement (contract or tasking), designating a product support integrator(s), establishing long-term support/ funding and employing specific performance metrics.
- performance confidence assessment - An evaluation of the likelihood (or U.S. Governments confidence) that the offeror will successfully perform the solicitations requirements; the evaluation is based upon past performance information.
- performance decision - The outcome of a streamlined or standard competition, based on SLCF or SCF certifications.
- performance goal - A target level of performance expressed as a tangible, measurable objective, against which actual achievement shall be compared, including a goal expressed as a quantitative standard, value or rate.
- performance improvement - method of measuring the output of a particular process or procedure, then
690 modifying the process or procedure to increase the output, increase efficiency, or increase the effectiveness of the process or procedure.Lexicon, Terms )
- performance indicators - Characteristics or properties of resources, processes, customers, or desired results that the Department uses to measure progress toward projected annual performance goals and strategic objectives and goals. Indicators are drawn primarily from bureaus and mission performance plans but may come from day-to-day operations.
- performance level - numeric value between one and five associated with a performance rating.
- performance management baseline - sum of schedule, cost, and performance plans on which overall program variance is determined and reported.
- performance management system - framework of policies and practices established for planning, monitoring, developing, evaluating, and rewarding both individual and organizational performance and for using resulting performance information in making personnel decisions.
- performance measure - a quantitative or qualitative characteristic used to gauge the results of an outcome compared to its intended purpose.
- performance measure - quantifiable indicator used to assess how well a desired objective is being achieved.
- performance measurement - A means of evaluating efficiency, effectiveness, and results. A performance measurement should include program accomplishments in terms of outputs (quantity of products or services provided) and outcomes (results of providing outputs in terms of effectively meeting intended agency mission objectives). (Capital Programming Guide, Supplement to OMB Circular A-11, Part 3 - Planning, Budgeting, and Acquisition of Capital Assets).
- performance measurement - The process of collecting, analyzing and reporting information about the performance of an individual, organization or system.
- performance measures - Indicators of progress toward achieving goals and objectives based on actual vs. planned targets established.
- performance metric - a particular value or characteristic used to measure the outcome that is generally expressed in terms of a baseline and a target.
- performance metrics - A set of standard measures used to identify and evaluate how well specified characteristics or properties of resources, processes, customers, or desired results change over time when compared against a baseline value.
- performance objective - statement of measurable results expected to be achieved during the performance appraisal period.
- performance reference model - A standardized measurement framework designed to measure the performance of IT investments and their contribution to program performance. Also called PRM.
- performance requirement - requirement that defines how well the system and/ or products are required to perform a function, along with the conditions under which the function is performed.
- performance review board - group of individuals established to provide oversight to ensure balance,
691 equity, and fairness in the evaluation and scoring process under the performance appraisal system, and to ensure there are meaningful distinctions in relative performance reflected in the performance requirements has three or more members who are appointed by the authorizing official, or designee acting on behalf of the authorizing official for this purpose.Lexicon, Terms )
- performance risk - potential for a given (negative) event to occur that impacts the performance of a project can be a source of cost, transition, or schedule risk.
- performance score - numeric appraisal of a performance element determined by the assigned rating level
- performance specification - specification stating the desired product operation or function but not specifying its construction or manufacture.
- performance standard - identified level of satisfactory performance applied to a specific indicator based on nationally recognized standards and protocols.
- performance standards - Verifiable, measurable levels of service in terms of quantity, quality, timeliness, location, and work units. Performance standards are used in a performance-based PWS to (1) assess (i.e., inspect and accept) the work during a period of performance; (2) provide a common output-related basis for preparing private sector offers and public tenders; and (3) compare the offers and tenders to the PWS. The requiring activity’s acceptable levels of service are normally stated in the PWS. The solicitation includes performance standards.
- performance work statement - A description of what the contractor must accomplish in terms of results so that the U.S. Government can effectively monitor and evaluate the progress and final result of the contract. It is used when conducting performance-based service contracting. It replaces the Statement of Work previously used in service contracts. Also called PWS.
- performance work statement - A statement in the solicitation that identifies the technical, functional, and performance characteristics of the agency’s requirements. The PWS is performance-based and describes the agency’s needs (the “what”), not specific methods for meeting those needs (the “how”). The PWS identifies essential outcomes to be achieved, specifies the agency’s required performance standards, and specifies the location, units, quality and timeliness of the work. Also called PWS.
- performance work statement - A statement of work (SOW) tells the contractor what the U.S. Government wants done and how the U.S. Government wants it done. It dictates both the problem and the solution the contractor is to provide. A PWS is a performance-based SOW that tells the contractor what to do, but not how to do it. A PWS allows the contractor to provide the contractors own solution to a problem stated in the PWS rather than be forced to provide only the government- dictated solution to that problem. A PWS should include incentives that are tied to solving the stated problems in a high quality way (as defined in the PWS) and in a timely fashion. PWSs are preferred to regular SOWs. Also called PWS.
- performance work statement - A statement of work for performance based acquisitions that describe the results in clear, specific, and objective terms with measurable outcomes. Also called PWS.
performance work statement -s a statement of work for performance-based acquisitions that describes the required results in clear, specific and objective terms with measurable outcomes. Also called PWS.
- performance-based - that the contract, task order, or arrangement, respectively, includes the use of performance work statements that set forth contract requirements in clear, specific, and objective
692 terms with measurable outcomes. §2330a )
- performance-based acquisition - an acquisition structured around the results to be achieved as opposed to the manner by which the work is to be performed. Also called PBA.
- performance-based compensation system - a system of compensation for teachers, principals, or other school leaders (A) that differentiates levels of compensation based in part on measurable increases in student academic achievement; and (B) which may include (i) differentiated levels of compensation, which may include bonus pay, on the basis of the employment responsibilities and success of effective teachers, principals, or other school leaders in hard-to-staff schools or high-need subject areas; and (ii) recognition of the skills and knowledge of teachers, principals, or other school leaders as demonstrated through (I) successful fulfillment of additional responsibilities or job functions, such as teacher leadership roles; and (II) evidence of professional achievement and mastery of content knowledge and superior teaching and leadership skills.
- performance-based service contracting - PBSC is a method of contracting where the U.S. Government defines the results it is seeking, rather than the process by which those results are attained. An essential element is the standards against which contract performance will be measured. PBSC is the preferred method of contracting for services. Also called PBSC.
- performance-based service contracts - Contracts that incorporate a process for obtaining results that add value and benefit to the Department. These performance-based service contracts may include incentives and disincentives based on actual services performed.
- performance-based training - training provided in which a student demonstrates accomplishments or behaviors against the established standard the student is required to produce on the job learners perform in ways that approximate and progressively approach the ways they will perform on the job using what they have learned.
- performer - organization funded to support the development of a solution through an Inter-Agency Agreement, contract, grant, etc.
- period - The time it takes for a satellite to complete one orbit around the earth.
- period costs - costs, other than product costs, that are expensed in the period in which they are incurred, such as selling expenses and general and administrative expenses.
- period costs - costs, other than product costs, that are expensed in the period in which they are incurred, such as selling expenses and general and administrative expenses.
- period of continuing unemployment - I) a single registration period that includes more than 4 days of unemployment; (II) a series of consecutive registration periods, each of which includes more than 4 days of unemployment; or (III) a series of successive registration periods, each of which includes more than 4 days of unemployment, if each succeeding registration period.
period of military conflict- (i) a period of war declared by the Congress; (ii) a period of national emergency declared by the Congress or by the President; or (iii) a period of a contingency operation.
- period of military service - the period beginning on the date on which a servicemember enters military service and ending on the date on which the servicemember is released from military service or dies while in military service.
- period of war - the Mexican border period, World War I, World War II, the Korean conflict, the Vietnam era, the Persian Gulf War, and the period beginning on the date of any future declaration of war by
693 the Congress and ending on the date prescribed by Presidential proclamation or concurrent resolution of the Congress. §1501. )
- period of war - the Spanish-American War, the Mexican border period, World War I, World War II, the Korean conflict, the Vietnam era, the Persian Gulf War, and the period beginning on the date of any future declaration of war by the Congress and ending on the date prescribed by Presidential proclamation or concurrent resolution of the Congress.
- periodic reinvestigations - investigations conducted for the purpose of updating a previously completed background investigation — (A) every 5 years in the case of a top secret clearance or access to a highly sensitive program; (B) every 10 years in the case of a secret clearance; or (C) every 15 years in the case of a Confidential Clearance.
- periodic reporting financial - reporting process for major investments that establishes communication among investment Program Managers, DHS Component senior leadership, and DHS oversight entities regarding the health and status of major DHS investments.
- peripheral device - An external device that can be connected to a computer, including but not limited to a mouse, keyboard, printer, monitor, external Zip drive, flash drive (e.g., thumb drive), digital camera, digital voice recorder, DVD drive, DVD-RW drive, keyboard-video-mouse (KVM) switch, or scanner.
- peripheral device - An external device that can be connected to a computer, including but not limited to a mouse, keyboard, printer, monitor, external Zip drive, flash drive (e.g., thumb drive), digital camera, digital voice recorder, DVD drive, DVD-RW drive, keyboard-video-mouse (KVM) switch, or scanner.
perishable agricultural commodity-(A) any of the following, whether or not frozen or packed in ice: Fresh fruits and fresh vegetables of every kind and character; and (B) Includes cherries in brine as defined by the Secretary in accordance with trade usages.
- permanent - a relationship of continuing or lasting nature, as distinguished from temporary, but a relationship may be permanent even though it is one that may be dissolved eventually at the instance either of the United States or of the individual, in accordance with law.
- permanent areas - areas on land or water that provide for launch, recovery, and operation of small unmanned aircraft.
- permanent full-time employee - A direct-hire U.S. Government employee who has a regular work schedule of 40 hours per week and holds an appointment not limited to a year or less.
- permanent housing - community-based housing without a designated length of stay.
- permanent part-time employee - A direct-hire U.S. Government employee who has a regular work schedule of not less than 16 hours per week and not more than 32 hours per week, and who holds an appointment not limited to a year or less.
- permanent record - Any Federal record that NARA has determined to have sufficient value to warrant its continued preservation by the National Archives.
- permanent record - federal record that has been determined by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) to have sufficient value to warrant its preservation in the National Archives of the United State include all records accessioned by NARA into the National Archives of the United States and later increments of the same records, and those for which the disposition is
694 permanent on SF 115s, ―Request for Records Disposition Authority, approved by NARA on or after May 14, 1973.
- permanent resident alien - A person who holds a U.S. green card. Note that an FSN employee or personal services contractor who holds a U.S. green card is subject to U.S. income and Social Security tax withholding unless a totalization agreement provides Social Security Tax exemption. A PRA working in the United States such as an FSI language tutor is subject to applicable Federal, state and city tax withholding. Also called PRA.
- permanent resident alien - an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence into the United States.
- permanent resident alien - an alien lawfully admitted into the United States for permanent residence.
- permanent v. temporary records - Permanent records have been determined by NARA to warrant preservation in the National Archives, and their disposition as permanent has been recorded on a Form SF-115, Request for Records Disposition Authority. Temporary records have been determined by NARA to have insufficient value to warrant preservation in the National Archives, and their disposition as temporary or disposable is documented on either a Form SF-115 or in a General Records Schedule.
- permissible exposure limit asbestos ] - as established by OSHA, is 0.1 fibers per cubic centimeter (f/ cc) and is based upon the time-weighted average exposure for a complete eight-hour work shift.
- permissive environment - Operational environment in which host country military and law enforcement agencies have control as well as the intent and capability to assist operations that a unit intends to conduct.
- permit - a written or oral authorization, including by electronic methods, by the Secretary to move plants, plant products, biological control organisms, plant pests, noxious weeds, or articles under conditions prescribed by the Secretary.
- permitting authority - the Administrator or the air pollution control agency authorized by the Administrator to carry out a permit program under this subchapter.
- Persian Gulf war - the period beginning on August 2, 1990, and ending on the date thereafter prescribed by Presidential proclamation or by law.
- persistent agent - A chemical agent that, when released, remains able to cause casualties for more than 24 hours to several days or weeks.
- persistent mine - A land mine, other than nuclear or chemical, that is not designed to self-destruct; is designed to be emplaced by hand or mechanical means; and can be buried or surface emplaced.
- persistently monitor - collection strategy that emphasizes the ability of some collection systems to linger on demand in an area to detect, locate, characterize, identify, track, target,, in near or real-time.
- person - an individual or entity.
- person - an individual, partnership, corporation, association, entity, or public or private corporation, including a Federal, State, or local government agency or department.
- person - an individual, trust, estate, partnership, association, company, or corporation.
- person - any individual, partnership, corporation, association, organization, business trust, government entity, or other entity subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
- person - any person or entity, including any agency or instrumentality of a foreign state.
- person - any private person or entity, or any officer, employee, agent, department, agency, or instrumentality of the Federal Government, of any State or local unit of government, or of any foreign government.
person- (A) a natural person, corporation, company, business association, partnership, society, trust, any other nongovernmental entity, organization, or group; (B) any governmental entity or instrumentality of a government, including a multilateral development institution of the International Financial Institutions Act; and (C) any successor, subunit, parent company or subsidiary of any entity. person- (A) an electronic communication service provider; or (B) a landlord, custodian, or other person who may be authorized or required to furnish assistance pursuant to — (i) an order of the court directing such assistance; (ii) a certification in writing ; or (iii) a directive under the Protect America Act of 2007. person- (A) an individual, corporation, company, business association, partnership, society, trust, any other nongovernmental entity, organization, or group; and (B) any successor, subunit, or subsidiary of any person described in subparagraph (A). person- (A) any natural person; (B) any corporation, partnership, or other legal entity; and (C) any organization, association, or group. person- (i) a natural person; (ii) a corporation, business association, partnership, society, trust, financial institution, insurer, underwriter, guarantor, and any other business organization, any other nongovernmental entity, organization, or group, and any governmental entity operating as a business enterprise; and (iii) any successor to any entity described in clause (ii).
- person - a natural person (including an individual Indian), a corporation, a partnership, an unincorporated association, a trust, or an estate, or any other public or private entity, including a State or local government or an Indian tribe.
- person - a natural person as well as a corporation, business association, partnership, society, trust, any other nongovernmental entity, organization, or group, and any governmental entity operating as a business enterprise, and any successor of any such entity; and (B) in the case of countries where it may be impossible to identify a specific governmental entity.
- person - an individual or an organization.
- person - an individual or entity.
- person - an individual or entity. person - an individual, a corporation, a partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, a trust, any
696 unincorporated organization, or a government or political subdivision thereof. As used in this paragraph the term trust shall include only a trust where the interest or interests of the beneficiary or beneficiaries are evidenced by a security. US Code 15, §77b. )
- person - an individual, corporation, partnership, association, State, municipality, commission, or political subdivision of a State, or any interstate body.
- person - an individual, firm, corporation, association, and a partnership.
- person - an individual, partnership, association, company, or other unincorporated body of individuals, or corporation or body politic.
- person - an individual, partnership, joint venture, corporation, mutual company, joint-stock company, trust, estate, unincorporated organization, association, or employee organization.
- person - any individual or entity, including both natural and juridical persons.
- person - any individual, corporation, partnership, firm, association, trust, estate, public or private institution, any State or any political subdivision thereof, or any political entity within a State, any foreign government or nation or any agency, instrumentality, or political subdivision of any such government or nation, or other entity located in the United States.
- person - any individual, corporation, partnership, firm, association, trust, estate, public or private institution, or State or political subdivision.
- person - any individual, firm, company, association, corporation, or other form of business organization.
- person - any individual, including any officer or employee of the Federal Government, or any group, entity, association, corporation, or foreign power.
- person - any individual, institution, or other legal entity or body.
- person - any individual, trustee, firm, association, company, or corporation.
- person - any individual; any public or private corporation, partnership, or other association or entity
- person - any natural person, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity, including any person acting under color or authority of State law.
- person - any United States or foreign individual, partnership, corporation, or other form of association, or any of their successor entities, parents, or subsidiaries.
- person - does not include a government or governmental entity that is not operating as a business enterprise.
- person - includes an individual, corporation, partnership, association, or any other organized group of persons, or legal successor or representative thereof, or any State or local government or agency
697 thereof. person - Includes individuals (including U.S. Government contractors), partnerships, associations, corporations, business trusts, legal representatives, organized groups of individuals, and State, territory, tribal, or local governments or branches or political subdivisions. (Note - For identification and evaluation purposes OMB has granted the Department permission to treat contractors as employees. This is very limited and requires the review of A/ GIS/ DIR.) The definition of person excludes current employees of the Federal Government, military personnel, military reservists, and members of the National Guard, with respect to all inquiries within the scope of their employment.
- person - includes partnerships, associations, and corporations.
- person - one or more individuals, governments (including the Federal Government and the governments of the States), governmental agencies, political subdivisions, labor unions, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal representatives, mutual companies, joint-stock companies, trusts, unincorporated organizations, receivers, trustees, and trustees in cases under title 11.
- person - the singular and the plural and any individual, partnership, corporation, or other form of association, including any government or agency thereof.
- person acting on behalf of an issuer - any officer, director, or employee of such issuer.
- person authorized to direct disposition of human remains - A person, usually primary next of kin, who is authorized to direct disposition of human remains. Also called PADD. See also mortuary affairs.
- person centric query service - composite service that allows users to submit a single query for all transactions involving a nonimmigrant or immigrant from certain USCIS and Department of State information systems, and returns a consolidated and correlated view of the persons' records from the underlying source systems available to authorized DHS users who have been granted appropriate privileges to access data from the underlying source systems being requested.
- person eligible to receive effects - The person authorized by law to receive the personal effects of a deceased military member. Receipt of personal effects does not constitute ownership. Also called PERE. See also mortuary affairs; personal effects.
- person or persons - corporations and associations existing under or authorized by the laws of either the United States, the laws of any of the Territories, the laws of any State, or the laws of any foreign country.
- person participating in an offering of penny stock - any person engaging in activities with a broker, dealer, or issuer for purposes of issuing, trading, or inducing or attempting to induce the purchase or sale of, any penny stock.
- person(s) with disability(ies) - An employee who has a severe permanent impairment which for all practical purposes precludes the use of public transportation or carpooling, or an employee who is unable to operate a car as a result of permanent impairment who is driven to work by another. Justification for this priority requires an annual certification by the employee's physician, the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA), or the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS), indicating that such handicap exists, except for those employees who have been informed in writing from the Parking Coordinator that the committee views their condition as permanent in nature and that no further reviews are required. They must, however, re-apply for parking. Justification should be submitted through the employee's respective executive office to the Office of General Services
698 Managements Special Services Division (A/ OPR/ GSM/ SS)..
- personal area network - A computer network or equipment used close to one's person, for example - PDAs, pocket PCs, wearable computers. Also called PAN.
- personal assistance services - a range of services, provided by one or more persons, designed to assist an individual with a disability to perform daily living activities on or off the job that the individual would typically perform if the individual did not have a disability. Such services shall be designed to increase the individual's control in life and ability to perform everyday activities on or off the job.
- personal capacity - Not pursuant to an employees official capacity, i.e., in his or her capacity as a private citizen. The content of a personal capacity public communication may nevertheless be of Departmental concern.
- personal care services - services that provide the veteran the following: (A) Assistance with one or more independent activities of daily living. (B) Any other non-institutional extended care.
- personal communications device - wireless electronic device designed primarily to send and/ or receive information includes commercial wireless devices, such a smartphones, pagers, radios, personal digital assistants, mobile email devices, and other handheld personal devices
- personal contact information - information, or a forum to obtain such information, that would permit individuals to contact each other, including- (i) the name or residential, postal, electronic mail, or instant message address of an individual; (ii) the telephone, pager, cellphone, or fax number, or voice message mailbox of an individual; or (iii) the provision of an opportunity for an in-person meeting.
- personal effects - All privately owned moveable, personal property of an individual. Also called PE. See also mortuary affairs; personal property.
- personal emergency response system - a device: (1) that can be activated by an individual who is experiencing a medical emergency to notify appropriate emergency medical personnel that the individual is experiencing a medical emergency; and (2) that provides the individual's location through a Global Positioning System indicator.
- personal estate - Sometimes used synonymously with personal property, means any tangible property of the decedent that does not fall into the category of real estate. It includes furniture, household furnishings, motor vehicles, clothing, luggage, and other effects of a tangible, movable nature. It also includes convertible assets, non-negotiable instruments, and the like. For purposes of the Departments regulations, however, a personal estate does not include bank deposits.
- personal file - documentary materials belonging to an individual that are not used to conduct agency business.
- personal identity verification - The process of creating and using a Government-wide secure and reliable form of identification for Federal employees and contractors, in support of HSPD 12, Policy for a Common Identification Standard for Federal Employees and Contractors. Also called PIV.
- personal identity verification card - A secure, electronic, rapid, and verifiable means of individual identification that is resistant to fraud, tampering, counterfeiting, and terrorist exploitation. Also called PIV card.
- personal identity verification card - approved United States Federal Executive Branch (FEB) smart card that contains the necessary data for the cardholder to be granted access to federal facilities and information systems assures appropriate levels of security for all applicable Federal applications, as
699 well as multi-factor authentication, digital signature, and encryption capabilities.
- personal information - individually identifiable information including (i) a student or parent's first and last name; (ii) a home or other physical address (including street name and the name of the city or town); (iii) a telephone number; or (iv) a Social Security identification number.
- personal items - Items intended for the personal use of authorized personnel.
- personal locator beacon - An emergency device carried by individuals, to assist locating during personnel recovery. Also called PLB. See also emergency locator beacon.
- personal papers - Documentary materials of a private nature that have not been used in the transaction of Department business. This may include papers created or received before or after an individual entered into U.S. Government service so long as they are not related to or used in transacting Department business. Personal papers may also include the individuals copies of employment- related records, such as leave and travel authorizations or time and attendance records. Diaries, journals, notes, personal calendars and appointment schedules may be regarded as personal papers only if they are solely for personal use and have not been used to prepare for, transact, or communicate Department business. This is a complex category and may require consultation with the Departments Records Officer and the Office of the Legal Adviser. Correspondence or email sent or received as a Department official is not personal.
- personal papers - Documentary materials of a private or non-public nature that have not been used in the transaction of Department of State business.
- personal property - any item of personal property, including automobiles, computers, boats, audio and video equipment, and any other items acquired for personal use, but excluding items of minimal value as determined by regulation or policy issued.
- personal property - intangible and tangible property (including motor vehicles).
- personal property - property of any kind except real property. It may be tangible, having physical existence, or intangible, having no physical existence, such as copyrights, patents, or securities.
- personal property - Property of any kind except real property. It may be tangible, having physical existence, or intangible, having no physical existence, such as copyrights, patents, or securities.
- personal property - Property of any kind or any interest therein, except real property, records of the United States Government, and naval vessels of the following categories: surface combatants, support ships, and submarines.
- personal property - property of any kind or interest in it except real property, records of the Federal Government, and naval vessels of the following categories: (1) Battleships; (2) Cruisers; (3) Aircraft carriers; (4) Destroyers; and (5) Submarines.
- personal property - property owned by an individual or business, which is not affixed to or associated with the land.
- personal property - U.S. Government-owned/ leased personal property includes such items as vehicles, furniture, equipment, supplies, appliances, and machinery. It refers to all property not otherwise classified as land, land improvement, buildings, and structures that are normally referred to as real property.
- personal protective equipment - The protective clothing and equipment provided to shield or isolate a person from the chemical, physical, and thermal hazards that can be encountered at a hazardous materials incident. Also called PPE. See also individual protective equipment.
- personal relief - a specific remedy directly benefitting the grievant, but may not include a request for disciplinary or other action directly affecting another employee. Failure of a grievant to request personal relief may be grounds for rejection of the grievance.
- personal services agreement limited - A streamlined PSA used for short-term employment. This hiring mechanism is used to employ foreign nationals for any combination of no more than 30 work days, or 6 weeks, within a calendar year in accordance with maximum limits set by host-country law that precludes permanent employment status. U.S. citizens and U.S. legal permanent residents (i.e., green card holders) may not be hired on a PSA-Ltd. Also called PSA-Ltd.
- personal services contract - A contract characterized by the employer-employee relationship it creates between the U.S. Government and the contractor. These contracts, by U.S. statute, are not subject to procurement law, and the Procurement Executive has waived application of procurement regulations, such as the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), when obtaining personal services under this statutory authority. USAID uses personal services contracts (PSCs), which are authorized under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and such contracts are subject to, written, and administered under the FAR and USAIDs Acquisition Regulation (AIDAR), Appendices D and J. Also called PSC.
- personal services contract - a contract that, by its express terms or as administered, makes the contractor personnel appear to be, in effect, Government employees
- personal services contract - a contract with an individual pursuant to express statutory authority that is characterized by the employer-employee relationship it creates between the U.S. government and the contractor. Also called PSC.
- personal services contract - Employment contract that creates an employer/ employee relationship. A U.S. Government employee is technically the PSCs supervisor and will complete timecard and other personnel management actions. Also called PSC.
- personal services contractor - An individual contracted personally to perform an identifiable task under the supervision and control usual to government employees rather than to furnish an end item of supply. This employer/ employee relationship may involve a U.S. citizen payrolled through CAPPS, or a Foreign Service National payrolled through the Foreign Service National Payroll System. (1) Summer hires or other temporary employment of dependents of Foreign Service employees usually involve an employer/ employee relationship requiring a part-time, intermittent or temporary (PIT) appointment or a personal services contract (PSC). For the test for employer/ employee relationship used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for taxation purposes, see Publication 15 or Publication 15A under the IRS website at www.irs.gov; (2) When an employer/ employee relationship exists with a U.S. citizen employee or a U.S. permanent resident alien, appropriate U.S. income and Social Security tax withholding is generally required and payment should be effected through the CAPPS or FSN payroll systems. CAPPS also performs withholding of applicable state and city income taxes; and (3) The compensation, benefits, and other entitlements of a personal services contractor are determined by the terms of the contract in accordance with Federal Procurement Regulations rather than by the entitlements of employees appointed to the Federal service. Also called PSC.
- personal staff - Aides and staff officers handling special matters over which the commander wishes to exercise close personal control.
- personal use - activity conducted for purposes other than accomplishing official or otherwise authorized
701 activity. Terms )
- personal visit - to call upon an arrestee or prisoner in person, especially to provide encouragement and appropriate assistance.
- personally identifiable information - Information that can be used to distinguish or trace an individual's identity, such as their name, Social Security number, biometric records, etc., alone, or when combined with other personal or identifying information which is linked or linkable to a specific individual, such as date and place of birth, mothers maiden name, etc. Also called PII.
- personally identifiable information - information that can be used to distinguish or trace an individual’s identity, either alone or when combined with other information that is linked or linkable to a specific individual.
- personally identifiable information - Information that can be used to distinguish or trace an individual's identity, such as their name, Social Security number, biometric records, etc., alone, or when combined with other personal or identifying information which is linked or linkable to a specific individual, such as date and place of birth, mothers maiden name, etc.
- personally identifiable information - information that permits the identity of an individual to be directly or indirectly inferred, including other information that is linked or linkable to an individual includes, but is not limited to, U.S. citizens, legal permanent residents, visitors to the U.S., and Department employers and contractors.
- personally identifiable information - Refers to information which can be used to distinguish or trace an individuals identity, such as their name, Social Security Number, biometric records, etc., alone, or when combined with other personal or identifying information which is linked or linkable to a specific individual, such as date and place of birth, mothers maiden name, etc. Department employees should exercise their best judgment in determining the sensitivity of the PII. Sensitivity of the PII would depend on factors such as whether its unauthorized disclosure may result in any of the following harms to the records subject - fiscal or physical harm, identify theft, personal or professional embarrassment, inconvenience, unfairness, security risks, coercion, and/ or other adverse effects. Also called PII.
personally identifying information - individually identifying information for or about a volunteer who is a victim of sexual assault, including information likely to disclose the location of such victim, including the following: (A) A first and last name.(B) A home or other physical address.(C) Contact information (including a postal, email, or Internet protocol address, or telephone or facsimile number).(D) A social security number.(E) Any other information, including date of birth, racial or ethnic background, or religious affiliation, that, in combination with information described in subparagraphs (A) through (D), would serve to identify the victim.
- personally identifying information - the person's name, rank, duty address, and official title and information regarding the person's pay.
- person-borne improvised explosive device - improvised explosive device (IED) worn by an individual , either willing or unwilling, such as a vest, belt, backpack, etc., in which the person houses the whole improvised explosive device (IED) or principle improvised explosive device (IED) components and/ or serves as the delivery or concealment means for explosives with an initiating device.
- personnel - Individuals required in either a military or civilian capacity to accomplish the assigned mission.
- personnel - Individuals required in either a military or civilian capacity to accomplish the assigned
702 mission. JP 1‐0 )
- personnel - officers and employees.
- personnel accountability - The process of identifying, capturing, and recording the personal identification information of an individual usually through the use of a database.
- personnel action - an appointment, promotion, detail, transfer, reassignment, demotion, suspension, termination, reinstatement, restoration, reemployment, or performance evaluation; a decision concerning pay, benefits, or awards; a decision concerning education or training if the education or training may reasonably be expected to lead to an appointment, reassignment, promotion, or performance evaluation; a decision to order psychiatric testing or examination; and any other significant change in duties, responsibilities, or working conditions.
- personnel actions - with respect to an employee in a position in a covered intelligence community element (other than a position excepted from the competitive service due to its confidential, policy- determining, policymaking, or policy-advocating character) — (A) an appointment; (B) a promotion; (C) a disciplinary or corrective action; (D) a detail, transfer, or reassignment; (E) a demotion, suspension, or termination; (F) a reinstatement or restoration; (G) a performance evaluation; (H) a decision concerning pay, benefits, or awards; (I) a decision concerning education or training if such education or training may reasonably be expected to lead to an appointment, promotion, or performance evaluation; or (J) any other significant change in duties, responsibilities, or working conditions.
- personnel department - entity responsible for ensuring that qualified individuals exist to support necessary capabilities across an organization.
- personnel effects inventory officer - An officer appointed to establish clear chain of custody for all personal effects of an individual from the time they establish control of the effects until they release the effect to mortuary affairs personnel. Also called PEIO.
- personnel increment number - A seven-character, alphanumeric field that uniquely describes a non- unit-related personnel entry (line) in a Joint Operation Planning and Execution System time-phased force and deployment data. Also called PIN.
- personnel recovery - The sum of military, diplomatic, and civil efforts to prepare for and execute the recovery and reintegration of isolated personnel. Also called PR. See also combat search and rescue; evasion; personnel; recovery; search and rescue.
- personnel recovery coordination cell - The primary joint force component organization responsible for coordinating and controlling component personnel recovery missions. Also called PRCC.
- personnel recovery reference product - A reference document for personnel recovery containing specific information on a particular country or region of interest. Also called PRRP.
- personnel retention - measure of success at keeping employees on-board calculated by an average length of time an employee stays employed within the same organization over a given period of time.
- personnel security - Organizations must- (1) Ensure that individuals occupying positions of responsibility within organizations (including third-party service providers) are trustworthy and meet established security criteria for those positions; (2) Ensure that organizational information and information systems are protected during personnel actions such as terminations and transfers; and (3) Employ formal sanctions for personnel failing to comply with organizational security policies
703 and procedures. Also called PS.
- personnel security operation - security discipline concerned with the assessment of the loyalty, reliability, and trustworthiness of individuals for initial and continued eligibility for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive positions.
- personnel security investigation - An inquiry into the activities of an individual, designed to develop pertinent information pertaining to trustworthiness and suitability for a position of trust as related to loyalty, character, emotional stability, and reliability.
- personnel security investigation - any investigation required for the purpose of determining the eligibility of any military, civilian, or government contractor personnel to access classified information.
- personnel services support - Service-provided sustainment activities that support a Service member during both exercises and operations. Also called PSS.
- personnel services support — Service-provided sustainment activities that support a Service member during both exercises and operations. Also called PSS.
- personnel tempo - the amount of time members of the armed forces are engaged in their official duties at a location or under circumstances that make it infeasible for a member to spend off-duty time in the housing in which the member resides.
- personnelist - A generic term used to describe any individual engaged in either Foreign Service or Civil Service human resources work at a professional level.
- persons that rely upon intellectual property protection - persons involved in-(A) the creation, production or licensing of works of authorship that are copyrighted, or (B) the manufacture of products that are patented or for which there are process patents.
pesticide- (1) any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest, (2) any substance or mixture of substances intended for use as a plant regulator, defoliant, or desiccant, and (3) any nitrogen stabilizer, except that the term pesticide shall not include any article that is a new animal drug that has been determined by the Secretary of Health and Human Services not to be a new animal drug.
- pesticide product - pesticide in the particular form in which the pesticide is, or is intended to be, distributed or sold including composition, packaging, and labeling.
- petitioner - any person who, in accordance with this chapter, files a petition in court seeking relief under the Convention.
- petitioning spouse - the spouse of a qualifying marriage, other than the alien.
- petrochemical product - any aromatic, olefin, or synthesis gas, and any derivative of such a gas, including ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene, toluene, xylene, ammonia, methanol, and urea.
- petroleum - crude oil, gases (including natural gas), natural gasoline, and other related hydrocarbons, oil shale, and the products of any of such resources.
- petroleum - natural or synthetic crude, blends of natural or synthetic crude, and products refined or derived from natural or synthetic crude or from such blends.
- petroleum product - crude oil, residual fuel oil, or any refined petroleum product (including any natural liquid and any natural gas liquid product).
- petroleum products - any article produced or derived in whole or in part from petroleum or any product thereof by refining, processing, manufacturing, or otherwise.
- petroleum resources - petroleum, refined petroleum products, oil or liquefied natural gas, natural gas resources, oil or liquefied natural gas tankers, and products used to construct or maintain pipelines used to transport oil or liquefied natural gas.
- petroleum underground storage tank - underground storage tank system containing petroleum or a petroleum mixture, including motor fuels, fuel oils, lubricants, petroleum solvents, and used oils.
petroleum, oils, and lubricants - A broad term that includes all petroleum and associated products used by the Armed Forces. Also called POL.
- pharmacotherapeutics - medications used to treat the symptoms and disease of drug abuse, including medications to- (1) block the effects of abused drugs; (2) reduce the craving for abused drugs; (3) moderate or eliminate withdrawal symptoms; (4) block or reverse the toxic effect of abused drugs; or (5) prevent relapse in persons who have been detoxified from drugs of abuse.
- phase - In joint operation planning, a definitive stage of an operation or campaign during which a large portion of the forces and capabilities are involved in similar or mutually supporting activities for a common purpose.
- phase line - A line utilized for control and coordination of military operations, usually an easily identified feature in the operational area. Also called PL.
- phase zero - Encompasses all activities prior to the beginning of Phase I (deter/ engage) of a military campaign-that is, everything that can be done to prevent conflicts from developing in the first place. Executed properly, Phase Zero consists of shaping operations that are continuous and adaptive. Its ultimate goal is to promote stability and peace by building capacity in partner nations that enables them to be cooperative, trained, and prepared to help prevent or limit conflicts. For the United States, this approach is typically non-kinetic and places heavy emphasis on interagency support and coordination. In many instances, Phase Zero involves execution of a broad national strategy where the Department of Defense (DOD) is not the lead agency and its programs are only one part of the larger U.S. Government effort.
- phased employment - less than-full-time employment of a phased retiree.
- phased employment / phased retirement time limit agreement - document specifying the conditions and requirements of the time limit applicable to the employee’s period of phased employment executed by the employee and the agency-approving official as a condition of approval of the employee’s request to enter phased employment and phased retirement.
- phased retiree - retirement-eligible employee who-(1) with the concurrence of an authorized agency official, enters phased retirement status; and (2) has not entered full retirement status.
- phased retirement percentage - percentage which, when added to the working percentage for a phased retiree, produces a sum of 100 percent.
- phased retirement period - period beginning on the date on which an individual becomes entitled to receive a phased retirement annuity and ending on the date on which the individual dies or separates
705 from phased employment. Terms )
- phased retirement status - phased retiree is concurrently employed in phased employment and eligible to receive a phased retirement annuity.
- phase-in plan - A prospective provider’s plan to replace the incumbent provider(s) that is submitted in response to the solicitation. The phase-in plan is implemented in the first performance period and includes details on minimizing disruption, adverse personnel impacts, and start-up requirements. The phase-in plan is different from the employee transition plan developed by the HRA.
- phonetic alphabet - A list of standard words used to identify letters of the alphabet in oral communications.
- phony minefield - An area free of live mines used to simulate a minefield, or section of a minefield, with the object of deceiving the enemy. See also minefield.
- photoelectric sensor - active, visible, line detection device that detects a visible or invisible beam of light and responds to its interruption.
- photovoltaic effect - to the physical phenomenon exhibited under certain circumstances by some materials in which a portion of the light energy striking the material is directly converted to electrical energy.
- physical abuse - The infliction of physical injury as a result of punching, beating, kicking, biting, burning, shaking, or otherwise harming a child. The parent or caretaker may not have intended to hurt the child; rather the injury may have resulted from excessive discipline or physical punishment.
- physical abuse - torture, rough treatment, exposure, etc.
- physical access control - monitoring or control of traffic through portals of a protected area by identifying the requestor (employee or visitor) and approving entrance or exit.
- physical access control system - electronic system that controls the ability of people or vehicles to enter a protected area, by means of authentication and authorization at access control points.
- physical activity - activity that requires physical movement of the body is not limited to traditional cardiovascular or strengthening exercise.
- physical and environmental protection - Organizations must- (1) limit physical access to information systems, equipment, and the respective operating environments to authorized individuals; (2) Protect the physical plant and support infrastructure for information systems; (3) Provide supporting utilities for information systems; (4) Protect information systems against environmental hazards; and (5) Provide appropriate environmental controls in facilities containing information systems. Also called PE.
- physical characteristics - Those military characteristics of equipment that are primarily physical in nature.
- physical damage assessment - The estimate of the quantitative extent of physical damage to a target resulting from the application of military force. See also battle damage assessment.
- physical data model - representation of a data design which takes into account the facilities and constraints of a given database management system typically derived from the logical data model and may include all the database products required to create relationships between tables or achieve
706 performance goals, such as indexes, constraint definitions, linking tables, partitioned tables or clusters.
- physical escort - the temporary touching or holding of the hand, wrist, arm, shoulder or back for the purpose of inducing a resident who is acting out to walk to a safe location.
- physical infrastructure - real property, utilities, and equipment (installed and free standing and including computer equipment), necessary to provide a complete and usable commissary store or central product processing facility.
- physical inspection - manual examination or search, with or without assisting detection technologies, to resolve anomalies, to confirm adherence to standards or compliance with laws, or to detect threats for passengers and cargo, includes cavity search on passenger, pat-down, visual inspection, devanning of containers, etc.
- physical inventory - A physical count performed to determine the on-hand quantity of an item or group of items.
- physical presence - the factual state or condition of being in a place at a given moment. Physical presence differs from residence in that residence is the particular location of a persons general abode whereas physical presence is the particular location of the person at the given time. Thus, although the aliens general abode may be located in one place, the alien may be physically present in another.
- physical restraint - a personal restriction that immobilizes or reduces the ability of an individual to move his or her arms, legs, or head freely. Such term does not include a physical escort.
- physical search - any physical intrusion within the United States into premises or property (including examination of the interior of property by technical means) that is intended to result in a seizure, reproduction, inspection, or alteration of information, material, or property, under circumstances in which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy and a warrant would be required for law enforcement purposes, but does not include (A) electronic surveillance, or (B) the acquisition by the United States Government of foreign intelligence information from international or foreign communications, or foreign intelligence activities conducted in accordance with otherwise applicable Federal law involving a foreign electronic communications system, utilizing a means other than electronic surveillance.
- physical security - portion of internal security that is concerned with physical measures designed to safeguard personnel; prevent unauthorized access to equipment, facilities, material, and documents; and defend then against espionage, sabotage, damage, and theft.
physical security -1. That part of security concerned with physical measures designed to safeguard personnel; to prevent unauthorized access to equipment, installations, material, and documents; and to safeguard them against espionage, sabotage, damage, and theft. 2. In communications security, the component that results from all physical measures necessary to safeguard classified equipment, material, and documents from access thereto or observation thereof by unauthorized persons. See also communications security; security.
- physical security measures - measures to reasonably ensure that source or special nuclear material will only be used for authorized purposes and to prevent theft and sabotage.
- physical storage facility - any business or entity that provides space for the storage of goods or materials, or services related to the storage of goods or materials, to the public or any segment thereof.
- physician - a professionally qualified individual duly licensed to practice medicine (including but not limited to surgery, dentistry, and ophthalmology) in the State or country in which he or she resides
707 or practices. The attending physician cannot be a member of the covered persons immediate family or anyone who lives with the covered person. FAM 241.2 )
- physician assistant education program - an educational program in a public or private institution in a State that- (A) has as its objective the education of individuals who, upon completion of their studies in (B) is accredited by the Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant.
- pictorial - pictures, photographs, video, illustrations, and symbols.
- pilot - Instructions appearing in ACP Format Line 1 of a telegram relating to the transmission or handling of that message.
- pipeline carrier - a person providing pipeline transportation for compensation.
- pipeline facility - a gas pipeline facility and a hazardous liquid pipeline facility.
- pipeline transportation - transporting gas and transporting hazardous liquid.
- piracy - war-like act committed by non-state actors (private parties not affiliated with any government ) against parties of a different nationality, or against vessels of their own nationality at sea, and especially acts of robbery and/ or criminal violence at sea.
- pitch - Fixed character spacing measuring width.
- placement - An individual’s proximity to information of intelligence interest.
- placement - the placement of an unaccompanied alien child in either a detention facility or an alternative to such a facility.
- placement or being placed - the assumption and retention by such person of a legal obligation for total or partial support of such child in anticipation of adoption of such child. The child's placement with such person terminates upon the termination of such legal obligation.
- plain language (Plain Text) - The clear, understandable text underlying encrypted text.
- plain language address - A unique name for use in the address component of a Command, Control, and Communications System message. A PLA identifies an organization (i.e. Amembassy London). Also called PLA.
- plain text - Information, usually classified, in unencrypted form.
- plan for landing - In amphibious operations, a collective term referring to all individually prepared naval and landing force documents which, taken together, present in detail all instructions for execution of the ship-to-shore movement.
- plan identification number - 1. A command-unique four-digit number followed by a suffix indicating the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan year for which the plan is written. 2. A five-digit number
708 representing the command-unique four-digit identifier, followed by a one-character, alphabetic suffix indicating the operation plan option, or a one-digit number numeric value indicating the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan year for which the plan is written. Also called PID. JP 5‐0 JP 5‐0 )
- plan of action - any of 1 or more documented methods adopted by participants in an existing voluntary agreement to implement that agreement.
- plan of action and milestones - A management tool for identifying corrective action that needs to be taken to mitigate vulnerability. It details resources required to accomplish the elements of the plan, any milestones in meeting the tasks, and scheduled completion dates for the milestones. Also called POA&M.
- plan of action and milestones - a plan used as a basis for the quarterly reporting requirements of the Office of Management and Budget that includes the following information:(A) A description of the security weakness. (B) The identity of the office or organization responsible for resolving the weakness. (C) An estimate of resources required to resolve the weakness by fiscal year.(D) The scheduled completion date. (E) Key milestones with estimated completion dates. (F) Any changes to the original key milestone date. (G) The source that identified the weakness. (H) The status of efforts to correct the weakness.
- plan of action and milestones - A remediation tool that contains the actions necessary to correct system security weaknesses. Also called POA&M.
- plan of action and milestones - tool that identifies activities that need to be accomplished; details resources required to accomplish the elements of the plan, any milestones in meeting the task, and scheduled completion dates for the milestones
plan sponsor- (i) the employer in the case of an employee benefit plan established or maintained by a single employer, (ii) the employee organization in the case of a plan established or maintained by an employee organization, or (iii) in the case of a plan established or maintained by two or more employers or jointly by one or more employers and one or more employee organizations, the association, committee, joint board of trustees, or other similar group of representatives of the parties who establish or maintain the plan.
- plan year and fiscal year of the plan - with respect to a plan, the calendar, policy, or fiscal year on which the records of the plan are kept.
- planned event - A planned, nonemergency activity (e.g., sporting event, concert, parade, etc.).
- planned target - Target that is known to exist in the operational environment, upon which actions are planned using deliberate targeting, creating effects which support commander’s objectives. There are two subcategories of planned targets: scheduled and on-call. See also on-call target; operational area; scheduled target; target.
- planning - Organizations must develop, document, periodically update, and implement security plans for organizational information systems that describe the security controls in place or planned for the information systems and the rules of behavior for individuals accessing the information systems. Also called PL.
- planning - process of developing, maintaining, exercising, executing, and updating a plan includes the formation of goals, policies, objectives, or end states with corresponding actions and procedures for a course of action or strategy for their achievement.
- planning - The process to identify appropriate results, develop approaches to reach them, assign needed resources, organize to achieve results, and identify the means to measure progress.
- planning agency - any city, county, bi-county, part-county, or regional planning agency authorized under state and local laws to make and adopt comprehensive plans.
- planning and direction - In intelligence usage, the determination of intelligence requirements, development of appropriate intelligence architecture, preparation of a collection plan, and issuance of orders and requests to information collection agencies. See also intelligence process.
- planning factor - A multiplier used in planning to estimate the amount and type of effort involved in a contemplated operation.
- planning factors database - Databases created and maintained by the Services for the purpose of identifying all geospatial information and services requirements for emerging and existing forces and systems. Also called PFDB. See also geospatial information and services.
- planning order - A planning directive that provides essential planning guidance and directs the initiation of execution planning before the directing authority approves a military course of action. Also called PLANORD. See also execution planning.
- planning phase - first phase of the Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution (PPBE) process which encompasses an extended strategic planning period and a near to mid-term operational planning period.
- planning phase - In amphibious operations, the phase normally denoted by the period extending from the issuance of the initiating directive up to the embarkation phase. See also amphibious operation.
- planning section- (1) Incident Command - Section responsible for the collection, evaluation, and dissemination of operational information related to the incident, and for the preparation and documentation of the Incident Action Plan. This Section also maintains information on the current and forecasted situation and on the status of resources assigned to the incident. (2) Joint Field Office - Section that collects, evaluates, disseminates, and uses information regarding the threat or incident and the status of Federal resources. The Planning Section prepares and documents Federal support actions and develops unified action, contingency, long-term, and other plans.
- planning team - A functional element within a joint force commander’s headquarters established to solve problems related to a specific task or requirement, and which dissolves upon completion of the assigned task.
- plant - any plant (including any plant part) for or capable of propagation, including a tree, a tissue culture, a plantlet culture, pollen, a shrub, a vine, a cutting, a graft, a scion, a bud, a bulb, a root, and a seed.
- plant clearance officer - An authorized representative of the contracting officer appointed in accordance with agency procedures, responsible for screening, redistribution, and disposing of contractor inventory from a contractors plant or work site. The term contractors plant includes, but is not limited to, U.S. Government-owned contractor operated plants, Federal installations, and Federal and non-Federal industrial operations, as may be required under the scope of the contract. Department contracting officers must designate a property administrator in writing for contracts that have Government-furnished property or contractor-acquired property and delegate authority for specific property management tasks.
- plant clearance officer - an authorized representative of the contracting officer, appointed in accordance with agency procedures, responsible for screening, redistributing, and disposing of contractor
710 inventory from a contractor’s plant or work site. The term “Contractor’s plant” includes, but is not limited to, Government-owned contractor-operated plants, Federal installations, and Federal and non-Federal industrial operations, as may be required under the scope of the contract. CH A )
- plant closing - the permanent or temporary shutdown of a single site of employment, or one or more facilities or operating units within a single site of employment, if the shutdown results in an employment loss at the single site of employment during any 30-day period for 50 or more employees excluding any part-time employees.
- plant equipment package - a complement of active and idle machine tools and other industrial manufacturing equipment held by and under the control of the Department of Defense and approved by the Secretary for retention to produce particular defense materiel or defense supporting items at a specific level of output in the event of emergency.
- plant pest - any living stage of any of the following that can directly or indirectly injure, cause damage to, or cause disease in any plant or plant product: (A) A protozoan. (B) A nonhuman animal. (C) A parasitic plant. (D) A bacterium. (E) A fungus. (F) A virus or viroid. (G) An infectious agent or other pathogen. (H) Any article similar to or allied with any of the articles specified in the preceding subparagraphs.
plant product- (A) any flower, fruit, vegetable, root, bulb, seed, or other plant part that is not included in the definition of plant; or (B) any manufactured or processed plant or plant part.
- plant regulator - any substance or mixture of substances intended, through physiological action, for accelerating or retarding the rate of growth or rate of maturation, or for otherwise altering the behavior of plants or the produce thereof, but shall not include substances to the extent that they are intended as plant nutrients, trace elements, nutritional chemicals, plant inoculants, and soil amendments. Also, the term plant regulator shall not be required to include any of such of those nutrient mixtures or soil amendments as are commonly known as vitamin-hormone horticultural products, intended for improvement, maintenance, survival, health, and propagation of plants, and as are not for pest destruction and are nontoxic, nonpoisonous in the undiluted packaged concentration.
- plastic explosive - an explosive material in flexible or elastic sheet form formulated with one or more high explosives which in their pure form has a vapor pressure less than 10^4 Pa at a temperature of 25°C., is formulated with a binder material, and is as a mixture malleable or flexible at normal room temperature.
- plastic explosive - malleable or flexible explosive at room temperature.
- platform - The foundation technology of a computer system. Typically, a specific combination of hardware and operating system.
- platter charge - explosive used to propel a metal plate towards a target in a manner where the plate forms a type of penetrator.
- playground - any outdoor facility (including any parking lot appurtenant thereto) intended for recreation, open to the public, and with any portion thereof containing three or more separate apparatus intended for the recreation of children including, but not limited to, sliding boards, swingsets, and teeterboards.
- pledging nation - a foreign nation that has pledged to the United States that it will make contributions to assist the United States in defraying the incremental costs of Operation Desert Shield and which has not paid to the United States the full amount so pledged.
- plunger switch - switch utilizing a shaft where application of pressure on the head of the device will force the shaft downward, functioning the improvised explosive device.
- point - Variable character spacing measuring height.
- point defense - The defense or protection of special vital elements and installations; e.g., command and control facilities or air bases.
- point of employment - In distribution operations, a physical location designated by the commander at the tactical level where force employment, emplacement, or commodity consumption occurs.
- point of need - In distribution operations, a physical location within a desired operational area designated by the geographic combatant commander or subordinate commander as a receiving point for forces or materiel, for subsequent use or consumption.
- point of origin - In distribution operations, the beginning point of a deployment, redeployment, or movement where forces or materiel are located.
- point source - any discernible, confined and discrete conveyance, including but not limited to any pipe, ditch, channel, tunnel, conduit, well, discrete fissure, container, rolling stock, concentrated animal feeding operation, or vessel or other floating craft, from which pollutants are or may be discharged. This term does not include agricultural stormwater discharges and return flows from irrigated agriculture.
- pointee-talkee - A language aid containing selected phrases in English opposite a translation in a foreign language used by pointing to appropriate phrases. See also evasion aid.
- polar orbit - A satellite orbit that passes over the North and South Poles on each orbit, has an angle of inclination relative to the equator of 90 degrees, and eventually passes over all points on the earth.
- police lockup - a temporary holding facility of a Federal, State, or local law enforcement agency to hold — (A) inmates pending bail or transport to jail; (B) inebriates until ready for release; or (C) juveniles pending parental custody or shelter placement.
- police officer - any person determined by a public housing agency to be, during the period of residence of that person in public housing, employed on a full-time basis as a duly licensed professional police officer by a Federal, State, or local government or by any agency thereof (including a public housing agency having an accredited police force).
- policy - any individual contract for whole, endowment, universal, or term life insurance (other than group term life insurance coverage), including any benefit in the nature of such insurance arising out of membership in any fraternal or beneficial association which — (A) provides that the insurer may not— (i) decrease the amount of coverage or require the payment of an additional amount as premiums if the insured engages in military service (except increases in premiums in individual term insurance based upon age); or (ii) limit or restrict coverage for any activity required by military service; and (B) is in force not less than 180 days before the date of the insured's entry into military service and at the time of application under this subchapter.
- policy - directive body of rules intended to influence decisions and actions.
- policy directive - document that has a narrower focus than a DHS Directive, are only for time-sensitive actions and only when time constraints prevent publishing or updating a DHS Directive, to briefly and broadly articulate DHS policies, missions, programs, or activities of a continuing nature that are
712 required or authorized by statute, rulemaking, the President, or the Secretary to initiate, govern or regulate actions or conduct by DHS Components, officers and employees issued by the Under Secretary for Management for matters that do not require direct oversight by the Secretary or Deputy Secretary.
- policy statement - declaration issued by the Secretary or Deputy Secretary to establish or to implement policy, assign responsibilities, and provide procedures to DHS Components issued only for time- sensitive actions and only when time constraints prevent publishing a new issuance or incorporating a change to an existing issuance.
- political activities - any activity that the person engaging in believes will, or that the person intends to, in any way influence any agency or official of the Government of the United States or any section of the public within the United States with reference to formulating, adopting, or changing the domestic or foreign policies of the United States or with reference to the political or public interests, policies, or relations of a government of a foreign country or a foreign political party.
- political consultant - any person who engages in informing or advising any other person with reference to the domestic or foreign policies of the United States or the political or public interest, policies, or relations of a foreign country or of a foreign political party.
- political subdivision - any county or parish, except that where registration for voting is not conducted under the supervision of a county or parish, the term shall include any other subdivision of a State which conducts registration for voting.
- political subdivision or local government - a local unit of government, including specifically a county, municipality, city, town, township, or a school or other special district created by or pursuant to State law, or combinations thereof.
- political-military - Refers to the broad discipline of integrating diplomacy with military power to foster a stable and secure international environment; generally applied at the strategic/ global level. Also called POL-MIL.
- pollutant - element, substance, compound, or mixture that, after release into the environment and upon exposure, ingestion, inhalation, or assimilation into any organism, can or may reasonably be anticipated to cause illness, death, or deformation excludes petroleum and natural gas.
- pollution - the man-made or man-induced alteration of the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological integrity of water.
- pollution liability - liability for injuries arising from the release of hazardous substances or pollutants or contaminants.
- pollution prevention - practice that reduces or eliminates the creation of pollutants through increased efficiency in the use of chemicals, raw materials, energy, water, or other resources, or the protection of natural resources by conservation.
- pollution prevention - any practice that — (1)(i) Reduces the amount of any hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant entering any waste stream or otherwise released into the environment (including fugitive emissions) prior to recycling, treatment, or disposal; and (ii) Reduces the hazards to public health and the environment associated with the release of such substances, pollutants, and contaminants; (2) Reduces or eliminates the creation of pollutants through increased efficiency in the use of raw materials, energy, water, or other resources; or (3) Protects natural resources by conservation.
- polygamy - the historical custom or religious practice of having more than one wife or husband at the same time. It is also called plural marriage. It is distinguished from bigamy which is a criminal act resulting from having more than one spouse at a time without benefit of a prior divorce.
- polygraph - an instrument that- (A) records continuously, visually, permanently, and simultaneously changes in cardiovascular, respiratory, and electrodermal patterns as minimum instrumentation standards; and (B) is used, or the results of which are used, for the purpose of rendering a diagnostic opinion regarding the honesty or dishonesty of an individual.
- polygraph examination - Questioning and other processing of an examinee before the actual use of the polygraph instrument; use of the polygraph instrument with respect to such examinee; and any questioning or other processing involving the examinee after use of the polygraph instrument. Specifically, examinations consist of three phases- (1) Pretest - The pretest phase includes the examiner- (a) Introducing the process; advising the examinee that he or she may refuse to take the polygraph test, may ask to stop it at any time, and may refuse to answer individual questions; and documenting that the examinee has consented to take the examination and (b) Informing the examinee of the nature and characteristics of the polygraph instrument and examination. (2) In-test - The actual administering of the examination and analysis of the charts; and (3) Post-test - The interview of the examinee if the charts are analyzed as deceptive or inconclusive.
- polygraph examination results - A synopsis of the polygraph examination that normally includes a brief identification of the examinee and background information, the relevant questions asked, the examinee's answers, the examiner's opinions concerning the indication of truthfulness or deception, and any admissions made by the examinee during the examination.
- polygraph examination technical report - The complete detailed technical report prepared by the polygraph examiner, including pretest preparations, the examiner's notes, examination charts, and other technical details of the polygraph examination.
- polygraph instrument - A diagnostic instrument capable of measuring and recording, at a minimum, respiration, electro-dermal, blood volume, and heart rate responses to verbal and/ or visual stimuli.
- polygraph review - the review of the Committee to Review the Scientific Evidence on the Polygraph of the National Academy of Sciences.
- population - population according to the most recent United States census population estimates available at the start of the relevant fiscal year.
- population at risk - The strength in personnel of a given force structure in terms of which casualty rates are stated. Also called PAR.
- population density - population divided by land area in square miles.
- population group - a group, for purposes of calculating cancer rates, defined by factors such as race, ethnicity, age, or gender.
- pork - the meat of a porcine animal.
- pork product - a product or byproduct produced or processed in whole or in part from pork.
- port complex - One or more port areas in which activities are geographically linked either because these areas are dependent on a common inland transport system or because they constitute a common
714 initial destination for convoys.
- port of debarkation - The geographic point at which cargo or personnel are discharged. Also called POD. See also port of embarkation.
- port of embarkation - The geographic point in a routing scheme from which cargo or personnel depart. Also called POE. See also port of debarkation.
- port of entry - a port or place designated by the DHS at which an alien may apply to DHS for admission into the United States, be inspected and his or her eligibility for entry into the United States determined. Also called POE.
- port operations group - A task-organized unit, located at the seaport of embarkation and/ or debarkation that assists and provides support in the loading and/ or unloading and staging of personnel, supplies, and equipment from shipping. Also called POG. See also landing force support party; task organization.
- port security - The safeguarding of vessels, harbors, ports, waterfront facilities, and cargo from internal threats such as destruction, loss, or injury from sabotage or other subversive acts; accidents; thefts; or other causes of similar nature. See also physical security; security.
- port support activity - A tailorable support organization composed of mobilization station assets that ensures the equipment of the deploying units is ready to load. Also called PSA. See also support.
- portability - a system that enables program benefits in the form of an electronic benefit transfer card to be used in any State by a household to purchase food at a retail food store or wholesale food concern approved under this chapter. Settling - movement, and reporting such movement, of funds from an electronic benefit transfer card issuer that is located in 1 State to a retail food store, or wholesale food concern, that is located in another State, to accomplish an interstate transaction.
- portable career - an occupation that requires education, training, or both that results in a credential that is recognized by an industry, profession, or specific type of business.
- portable document format - Adobe's file format for creating documents that are independent (hence, portable) from the original software, operating systems and hardware used to create them. In addition to open source readers for many platforms, Adobe also provides the free Acrobat Reader software for viewing PDF files. Also called PDF.
- portable electronic device - non-stationary electronic apparatus with singular or multiple capabilities to record, store, process, or transmit data, video/ photo images, or voice emanations includes, but is not limited to, laptops, personal digital assistants (PDAs), digital audio players, memory sticks (thumb drives), cellular telephones, PEDs with cellular phone capability, and pagers.
- portable media - electronic storage media designed for easy transport includes, but is not limited to, compact disks, digital video discs (DVD), memory sticks, Universal Serial Bus (USB) drives, and floppy disks.
- portable network graphics - A bitmap image format used largely on the World Wide Web. PNG allows for greater bit depth (more colors per image) than GIF yet, unlike JPEG, is a lossless compression format, meaning that there is no loss of image quality when an image is compressed or decompressed. Also called PNG.
- portal - point of entrance.
- portfolio management - management of broad categories of like investments linked by their relationship to the mission to ensure effective performance, correspondence to the homeland security enterprise architecture, minimization of overlapping functions, and proper funding.
- ports and waterways safety system - national transportation system that collects, processes, and disseminates information on the marine operating environment and maritime vessel traffic in major U.S. ports and waterways.
- position - the specified set of all duties and responsibilities currently assigned or delegated by competent authority and requiring full-time, part-time, or intermittent employment of one person.
- position description - the official written description of managements assignment of duties, responsibilities, and supervisory relationships to a position. Groups of like positions (identical or additional positions) may be covered by a single position description. Also called PD.
- position designation process - actions for the determination, through the evaluation of national security and suitability requirements, what type of investigation is required and how closely an applicant or incumbent is screened for a position.
- position management - the planned structuring of the numbers, kinds, and levels of positions to accomplish mission objectives, within the framework of FTE ceilings and budget resources allotted to approved organizations.
- position sensor - detection device that indicates whether a portal is open or closed. Position structure - the arrangement and assignment of duties and responsibilities and the resultant classification of positions by series and grade within an organization.
- positive control - A method of airspace control that relies on positive identification, tracking, and direction of aircraft within an airspace, conducted with electronic means by an agency having the authority and responsibility therein.
- positive identification - An identification derived from observation and analysis of target characteristics including visual recognition, electronic support systems, non-cooperative target recognition techniques, identification friend or foe systems, or other physics-based identification techniques.
- possession - U.S. possessions or territories, including principally the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa.
- possessions - Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Island, Nassau Island, Palmyra Island, and Wake Island.
- possessions - The possessions of the United States, including the Virgin Islands of the United States, Guam, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa.
- possessions - the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Guano Islands, so long as they remain possessions, but does not include any Commonwealth.
- post - Any Foreign Service establishment maintained by the United States abroad. It may be designated as a mission or a consular office, or given a special designation for particular purposes, such as United States Liaison Office, U.S. Interests Section, etc. Principal Officers head posts. Principal posts are those at the highest organization level within a particular country. Subordinate posts are posts of lesser organizational significance than the principal post.
- post - overseas establishments of the foreign affairs agencies.
- post - The administrative officer (AO), human resource officer (HRO), or delegate who carries out post human resource responsibilities including EVT.
- post - The place designated as the official duty station of the employee, regardless of whether the employee is detailed elsewhere or resides at another place with the authorization or approval of the head of the agency.
- post - The Public Affairs Section at a U.S mission abroad. If no Public Affairs Section exists, Post may refer to the U.S. Embassy in general.
- post - U.S. embassies, consulates, and diplomatic offices throughout the world and U.S. missions to international organizations, except those located in the continental United States.
- post - U.S. embassy, mission, or consulate located throughout the world.
- post administrator - The local system administrator at a post abroad or domestic office at the Department.
- post assignment travel - The centrally paid cost of moving from one location to another those U.S. direct-hire employees assigned to ICASS positions and their families. Assignment travel and foreign transfer allowances are combined into a single amount that is reviewed annually.
- post communications center - The area or offices at posts abroad that provide telecommunications services; normally consists of both the IPC and the ITC. Also called PCC.
- post of duty - The duty station to which an employee is assigned, OCONUS or CONUS.
- post security officer - A U.S. citizen employee of the Foreign Service who is designated to perform security functions. At posts where regional security officers are located, they will be assigned this duty. Also called PSO.
- post working group - An ad hoc group that studies specific ICASS issues at post and reports to the post ICASS Council with recommendations.
- post, telephone, and telegraph - A generic term for government-operated common carriers in countries outside the United States, e.g., General Post Office in the United Kingdom, Bundespost in Germany, and Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Public Corporation in Japan. Also called PTT.
- post-9/ 11 global theater of operations - Afghanistan, Iraq, and any other theater of operations for which the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal is awarded for service.
- postal improvised explosive device - improvised explosive device (IED) introduced or delivered through a postal system.
- postal officer - Direct-hire Secret-cleared U.S. citizen employee responsible for the operation, safety, security, accountability, and efficiency of diplomatic post offices at posts with those facilities. The postal officer ensures compliance with Department, Postal Service, and local regulations relating to postal operations and conducts inspections and ensures mail is delivered in a timely and efficient manner.
- post-baccalaureate - a program of instruction for individuals who have completed a baccalaureate degree, that does not lead to a graduate degree, and that consists of courses required by a State in order for a teacher candidate to receive a professional certification or licensing credential that is required for employment as a teacher in an elementary school or secondary school in that State, except that such term shall not include any program of instruction offered by an eligible institution that offers a baccalaureate degree in education.
- postconsumer material - material or finished product whose life as a consumer item has concluded, after having served its intended use and discarded for disposal or recovery.
- post-doctoral dental education program - a program sponsored by a school of dentistry, a hospital, or a public or private institution that- (i) offers post-doctoral training in the specialties of dentistry, advanced education in general dentistry, or a dental general practice residency; and (ii) has been accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation.
- post-implementation review - evaluation of the investment after it has been fully implemented or terminated to determine whether the targeted outcome (e.g., performance measures) of the investment has been achieved.
- post-launch abort - Deliberate action taken post-separation to cause a precision munition to miss its target. Also called PLA.
- postnatally diagnosed condition - any health condition identified during the 12-month period beginning at birth.
postsecondary education tech prep student- (A) has completed the secondary education component of a tech prep program; and (B) has enrolled in the postsecondary education component of a tech prep program at an institution of higher education. postsecondary educational institution- (A) an institution of higher education that provides not less than a 2-year program of instruction that is acceptable for credit toward a bachelor's degree; (B) a tribally controlled college or university; or (C) a nonprofit educational institution offering certificate or apprenticeship programs at the postsecondary level.
- post-storm assessment - a scientific assessment produced and certified by the Administrator to determine the magnitude, timing, and spatial variations of winds, rainfall, and storm surges associated with a specific named storm to be used in the COASTAL Formula.
- potential impact level - Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) Publication 199 defines three levels of potential impact low, moderate, and high on organizations or individuals should there be a breach of security (i.e., a loss of confidentiality, integrity, or availability). The application of these definitions must take place within the context of each organization and the overall national interest.
- potentially responsible party - entity that may be required to clean up a polluted site because the entity 1) owns or operates on the site, 2) arranged for the disposal of a hazardous substance on the site, 3) transported a hazardous substance to the site, or 4) contributed in any other way to contaminating the site.
- pouch - Used generally to describe the diplomatic correspondence and privileged mail facilities of the Department of State; specifically the sealed bag in which diplomatic correspondence and mail is carried. Also, a telegraphic handling symbol indicating those posts that will receive copies of a telegram in the diplomatic pouch instead of an electronic transmission.
- pouch control officer - Direct-hire U.S. citizen who is responsible for enforcing regulations relating to
718 the diplomatic pouch. Also called PCO. FAM 715 )
- pouch control officer - Top Secret-cleared U.S. citizen direct-hire employee who is responsible for enforcing regulations relating to the diplomatic pouch. Also called PCO.
- pouch-out-of-control - Refers to any pouch over which cleared U.S. citizen control is interrupted for any period of time making outside intervention and compromise of its contents a possibility.
- poultry - chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and other domestic fowl.
- poultry grower - any person engaged in the business of raising and caring for live poultry for slaughter by another, whether the poultry is owned by such person or by another, but not an employee of the owner of such poultry.
- poultry growing arrangement - any grow out contract, marketing agreement, or other arrangement under which a poultry grower raises and cares for live poultry for delivery, in accord with another's instructions, for slaughter.
- poultry product - any product or byproduct of the business of slaughtering poultry and processing poultry after slaughter.
- power of attorney - the authority given one person or corporation to act for and obligate another, as specified in the instrument creating the power; in corporate suretyship, an instrument under seal that appoints an attorney-in-fact to act in behalf of a surety company in signing bonds.
- power production activities - any business operation that involves a project commissioned by the National Electricity Corporation of Sudan or other similar entity of the Government of Sudan whose purpose is to facilitate power generation and delivery, including establishing power-generating plants or hydroelectric dams, selling or installing components for the project, or providing service contracts related to the installation or maintenance of the project.
- powers of self-government - and includes all governmental powers possessed by an Indian tribe, executive, legislative, and judicial, and all offices, bodies, and tribunals by and through which they are executed, including courts of Indian offenses; and means the inherent power of Indian tribes, hereby recognized and affirmed, to exercise criminal jurisdiction over all Indians.
- practical - action capable of being performed within existing constraints.
- practitioner - a physician, dentist, veterinarian, scientific investigator, pharmacy, hospital, or other person licensed, registered, or otherwise permitted, by the United States or the jurisdiction in which he or she practices or does research, to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to, administer, or use in teaching or chemical analysis, a controlled substance in the course of professional practice or research.
- practitioner institution - a not-for-profit entity or a regulated financial intermediary, including a microfinance network, that provides services, including microfinance, training, or business development services, for microfinance and microenterprise clients, or provides assistance to microenterprise institutions in foreign countries.
- preaward survey - an evaluation of a prospective contractor’s capability to perform a proposed contract.
- precedence - A designation assigned to a telegram by the drafter to indicate to communications personnel
719 the relative order and degree of urgency required in processing and dispatching a telegram, and to the addressee the order in which the message is to be noted. USAID, FAH, 5 FAH‐1 H‐114 )
- precedence procedure sign (Precedence Prosign) - Single or double-letter combination used in the heading of a telegram to indicate the precedence assigned to a message -
- preceptor - experienced practitioner that teaches, instructs, provides practical experience, training, supervision, and serves as a role model.
- precipitation static - Charged precipitation particles that strike antennas and gradually charge the antenna, which ultimately discharges across the insulator, causing a burst of static. Also called P- STATIC.
- precise time and time interval - A reference value of time and time interval (frequency). Also called PTTI.
- precision-guided munition - A guided weapon intended to destroy a point target and minimize collateral damage. Also called PGM, smart weapon, smart munition.
- precompetitive development activity - the translation of industrial research findings into a plan, blueprint, or design for new, modified, or improved products, processes, or services, whether intended for sale or use, including the creation of a first prototype that would not be capable of commercial use. The term also may include the conceptual formulation and design of products, processes, or services alternatives and initial demonstration or pilot projects, if these same projects cannot be converted or used for industrial application or commercial exploitation. The term does not include routine or periodic alterations to existing products, production lines, manufacturing processes, services, or other ongoing operations even if those alterations may represent improvements.
- precursor - any chemical reactant which takes part at any stage in the production by whatever method of a toxic chemical. The term includes any key component of a binary or multicomponent chemical system.
- predecessor guaranty authority - prior guaranty authorities (other than housing guaranty authorities ) repealed by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1969, the Mutual Security Act of 1954, as amended, and the Economic Cooperation Act of 1948, as amended (exclusive of authority relating to informational media guaranties).
- predecessor guaranty authority - prior guaranty authorities (other than housing guaranty authorities ) repealed by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1969, and sections informational media guaranties).
- predetermined rate - an indirect cost rate, applicable to a specified current or future period, usually the governmental unit's fiscal year. This rate is based on an estimate of the costs to be incurred during the period. Except under very unusual circumstances, a predetermined rate is not subject to adjustment. (Because of legal constraints, predetermined rates are not permitted for Federal contracts; they may, however, be used for grants or cooperative agreements.) Predetermined rates may not be used by governmental units that have not submitted and negotiated the rate with the cognizant agency. In view of the potential advantages offered by this procedure, negotiation of predetermined rates for indirect costs for a period of two to four years should be the norm in those situations where the cost experience and other pertinent facts available are deemed sufficient to enable the parties involved to reach an informed judgment as to the probable level of indirect costs during the ensuing accounting periods.
- preexisting condition exclusion - a limitation or exclusion of benefits relating to a condition based on the fact that the condition was present before the date of enrollment for such coverage, whether or
720 not any medical advice, diagnosis, care, or treatment was recommended or received before such date. §300gg–3 )
- preexisting condition exclusion - with respect to coverage, a limitation or exclusion of benefits relating to a condition based on the fact that the condition was present before the date of enrollment for such coverage, whether or not any medical advice, diagnosis, care, or treatment was recommended or received before such date.
- pre-existing damage - PED refers to damage that existed prior to US Government control. Reimbursement for PED is disallowed. Also called PED.
preferred lender arrangement- (A) an arrangement or agreement between a lender and a covered institution or an institution-affiliated organization of such covered institution- (i) under which a lender provides or otherwise issues education loans to the students attending such covered institution or the families of such students; and (ii) that relates to such covered institution or such institution-affiliated organization recommending, promoting, or endorsing the education loan products of the lender; and (B) does not include- (i) arrangements or agreements with respect to loans under part D of subchapter IV; or (ii) arrangements or agreements with respect to loans that originate through the auction pilot program.
- preferred products list - A U.S. Government document that identifies information processing equipment certified by the U.S. Government as meeting TEMPEST standards. Although still valid for equipment still in use and available, the PPL has been replaced by the Evaluated Products List (EPL). Also called PPL.
- prejudgment remedy - the remedy of attachment, receivership, garnishment, or sequestration authorized by this chapter to be granted before judgment on the merits of a claim for a debt.
- prelanding operations - Operations conducted by the amphibious force upon its arrival in the amphibious objective area or operational area and prior to H-hour and/ or L-hour.
- preliminarily qualified offender - an adult or juvenile accused of a nonviolent offense who- (A)(i ) previously or currently has been diagnosed by a qualified mental health professional as having a mental illness or co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse disorders; or (ii) manifests obvious signs of mental illness or co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse disorders during arrest or confinement or before any court; and (B) has faced, is facing, or could face criminal charges for a misdemeanor or nonviolent offense and is deemed eligible by a diversion process, designated pretrial screening process, or by a magistrate or judge, on the ground that the commission of the offense is the product of the person's mental illness.
- preliminary energy audit - a determination of the energy consumption characteristics of a building, including the size, type, rate of energy consumption and major energy-using systems of such building.
- preliminary mission need statement - document that describes the Component’s need in detail, including any initial acquisition funding to be requested in the Component’s Resource Allocation Proposal.
- premise distribution system - Cabling and associated equipment installed in a facility, including the main distribution frame (MDF), intermediate distribution frames (IDFs), and telecommunications closets (TCs). Protectors and grounding systems are included.
- premium - the amount specified in an insurance policy to be paid to keep the policy in force.
- premium pay - Premium pay for U.S. citizen employees means additional pay authorized, for, e.g., overtime, night, holiday, Sunday work, and standby duty. Any premium pay for a U.S. citizen PSC is set forth in the contract. Premium pay for Foreign Service National employees, personal services contractors, and AMCITs is as prescribed in the local compensation plan.
- prenatal test - diagnostic or screening tests offered to pregnant women seeking routine prenatal care that are administered on a required or recommended basis by a health care provider based on medical history, family background, ethnic background, previous test results, or other risk factors.
- prenatally diagnosed condition - any fetal health condition identified by prenatal genetic testing or prenatal screening procedures.
- pre-paid U.S. debit card - A branded (e.g., VISA, MasterCard, American Express, etc.) debit card that is part of a U.S. Government program established to assist unbanked travelers that require travel advances. Once an advance is loaded on the card and given to the traveler, the funds belong to the traveler for travel purposes and costs. These cards are solely for local employee travel outside the country of residence and when appropriate, these cards may be used for advances to host country officials traveling on invitational orders.
- preparation - Completion of all required information on a voucher. It includes making copies, attaching statements and certificates, ensuring that foreign currency information is correct, etc. Preparation of a voucher may be done by the vendor, the claimant, the traveler, the ordering office, or the procurement office.
- preparation of the environment - An umbrella term for operations and activities conducted by selectively trained special operations forces to develop an environment for potential future special operations. Also called PE.
- prepare to deploy order - An order issued by competent authority to move forces or prepare forces for movement (e.g., increase deployability posture of units). Also called PTDO.
- preparedness - Actions that involve a combination of planning, resources, training, exercising, and organizing to build, sustain, and improve operational capabilities. Preparedness is the process of identifying the personnel, training, and equipment needed for a wide range of potential incidents, and developing jurisdiction-specific plans for delivering capabilities when needed for an incident.
- preparedness - activities necessary to build, sustain, and improve readiness capabilities to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from natural or man-made incidents activities and measures designed or undertaken to prepare for or minimize the effects of a natural or man-made hazard upon the civilian population, to deal with the immediate emergency conditions that would be created by the hazard, and to effectuate emergency repairs to, or the emergency restoration of, vital utilities and facilities destroyed or damaged by the hazard; is a continuous operationally focused process for establishing guidelines, protocols, and standards for planning, training and exercises, personnel qualification and certification, equipment certification, and publication management.
preparedness - the ability to serve Veterans and eligible beneficiaries in times of crisis and to serve as a national asset to the Nation.
- preparer - The person who actually enters the data for generating official correspondence and ensures its formal completion. This person may also be the drafter (see drafter).
- prepayment examination. - Examination of vouchers prior to certification. The objectives of a prepayment examination are to ensure the availability of the appropriation or fund involved, the
722 accuracy of the payment, and the existence of supporting documentation.
- preplanned air support - Air support in accordance with a program, planned in advance of operations.
- preponderance of the evidence - proof by information that, compared with that opposing it, leads to the conclusion that the fact at issue is more probably true than not.
- pre-position - To place military units, equipment, or supplies at or near the point of planned use or at a designated location to reduce reaction time, and to ensure timely support of a specific force during initial phases of an operation.
- pre-positioned resources - Resources moved to an area near the expected incident site in response to anticipated resource needs.
- pre-positioned war reserve stock - The assets that are designated to satisfy the pre-positioned war reserve materiel requirement. Also called PWRS.
- pre-retail medical product - a medical product that has not yet been made available for retail purchase by a consumer.
- presail - The time prior to a ship getting under way used to prepare for at-sea events.
- pre-scripted mission assignment - A mechanism used by the Federal Government to facilitate rapid Federal resource response. Pre-scripted mission assignments identify resources or capabilities that Federal departments and agencies, through various Emergency Support Functions (ESFs), are commonly called upon to provide during incident response. Pre-scripted mission assignments allow primary and supporting ESF agencies to organize resources that will be deployed during incident response. Also called PMSA.
- pre-select phase - capital planning phase that provides a process to assess whether information technology investments support strategic and mission needs.
- present value - the value adjusted to reflect anticipated events. Such adjustments shall conform to such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe.
- preserve - The process of saving and storing data or records. May also refer to the place where data or information is kept.
- President’s volunteer service award - program to thank and honor Americans who, by their demonstrated commitment and example, inspire others to engage in volunteer service created by the President’s Council on Service and Civic Participation.
- Presidential appointees - Officials of the Department who hold policy positions and are appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, at the level of Ambassador, Assistant Secretary of State, or above. It does not include persons who merely received assignment commissions as Foreign Service officers, Foreign Service reserve officers, Foreign Service staff officers, and employees.
- Presidential reserve call-up - Provision of a public law t provides the President a means to activate, without a declaration of national emergency, not more than 200,000 members of the Selected Reserve and the Individual Ready Reserve (of whom not more than 30,000 may be members of the Individual Ready Reserve), for not more than 365 days to meet the requirements of any operational
723 mission, other than for disaster relief or to suppress insurrection. Also called PRC. See also Individual Ready Reserve; mobilization; Selected Reserve.
- pressure mine - 1. In land mine warfare, a mine whose fuse responds to the direct pressure of a target. 2. In naval mine warfare, a mine whose circuit responds to the hydrodynamic pressure field of a target. See also mine.
- pressure mine — 1. In land mine warfare, a mine having a fuze that responds to the direct pressure of a target. 2. In naval mine warfare, a mine having a circuit that responds to the hydrodynamic pressure field of a target. See also mine.
- pressure release switch - method for activating a device that occurs as a result of reductions in pressure such devices may employ mechanical, pneumatic, or hydraulic systems to signal a detonator that a vehicle or person has released pressure to a pressure plate or similar mechanism
- pressure switch - method for activating a device that occurs when an object is used to complete a circuit when pressure is applied in a predetermined direction.
- pretreatment wastewater - process of treating industrial wastewater to remove harmful pollutants before it is discharged to a federally owned treatment works or other publicly owned treatment works.
- prevailing rate - The most favorable rate that would be legally available to the U.S. Government for the acquisition of foreign currency for its official disbursements and accommodation exchange transactions.
- prevention - a strategy or approach that reduces the likelihood or risk of onset, or delays the onset, of adverse health problems that have been known to lead to suicide.
- prevention - actions taken and measures put in place for the continual assessment and readiness of necessary actions to reduce risk of threats and vulnerabilities, to intervene and stop an occurrence, or to mitigate effects involves prescribed actions and measures put in place to impede the success of a natural or man-made disaster from adversely affecting the safety, security, or continuity of the Nation, critical infrastructures its citizens, and citizen’s civil rights or civil liberties.
- prevention - Actions to avoid an incident or to intervene to stop an incident from occurring. Prevention involves actions to protect lives and property. It involves applying intelligence and other information to a range of activities that may include such countermeasures as deterrence operations; heightened inspections; improved surveillance and security operations; investigations to determine the full nature and source of the threat; public health and agricultural surveillance and testing processes; immunizations, isolation, or quarantine; and, as appropriate, specific law enforcement operations aimed at deterring, preempting, interdicting, or disrupting illegal activity and apprehending potential perpetrators and bringing them to justice.
- prevention - any activity undertaken to avoid, prevent, or stop a threatened or actual act of terrorism.
- prevention - those capabilities necessary to avoid, prevent, or stop a threatened or actual act of terrorism. Prevention capabilities include, but are not limited to, information sharing and warning; domestic counterterrorism; and preventing the acquisition or use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) . For purposes of the prevention framework called for in this directive, the term prevention refers to preventing imminent threats.
prevention activities -activities to prevent substance abuse. prevention -In space usage, measures to preclude an adversary’s hostile use of United States or third- party space systems and services. See also space control.
- prevention of mutual interference - In submarine operations, procedures established to prevent submerged collisions between friendly submarines, between submarines and friendly surface ship towed bodies and arrays, and between submarines and any other hazards to submerged navigation. Also called PMI.
- prevention of WMD proliferation and terrorism - activities under— (A) the programs specified in the National Defense Authorization Act 1997 ; authorized by the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003; (C) programs authorized by Title 22 and programs authorized ; and (D) a program of any agency of the Federal Government having a purpose similar to that of any of the programs identified in subparagraphs (A) through (C), as designated by the United States Coordinator for the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism and the head of the agency.
preventive health services- (A) periodic medical and dental exams; (B) patient health education
- preventive maintenance - The care and servicing by personnel for the purpose of maintaining equipment and facilities in satisfactory operating condition by providing for systematic inspection, detection, and correction of incipient failures either before they occur or before they develop into major defects.
- preventive medicine - The anticipation, communication, prediction, identification, prevention, education, risk assessment, and control of communicable diseases, illnesses and exposure to endemic, occupational, and environmental threats. Also called PVNTMED.
- previous class - The pay class from which an employee was promoted to the current class.
- previous spouse - an individual who was married for at least 9 months to a participant, former participant, or retired participant who had at least 18 months of service which are creditable.
- previously designated person - an individual designated by the person.
- price - a rate, fare, or charge.
- price negotiation memorandum - The official record document supporting the source selection and contract award decision, including the principal elements of the negotiated agreement. Also called PNM.
- pricing - the process of establishing a reasonable amount or amounts to be paid for supplies or services.
- pricing - the process of establishing the amount or amounts to be paid in return for goods or services.
- primacy of improvised explosive devices - identifying enemy use of improvised explosive devices as a primary, secondary or tertiary form of attack, independent of intended outcome.
- primary agency - See Emergency Support Function (ESF) Primary Agency.
- primary agency - The federal department or agency assigned primary responsibility for managing and coordinating a specific emergency support function in the National Response Framework.
- primary care - the provision of integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community.
- primary care provider - a clinician who provides integrated, accessible health care services and who is accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, including providing preventive and health promotion services for men, women, and children of all ages, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community, as recognized by a State licensing or regulatory authority, unless otherwise specified.
- primary control officer - In amphibious operations, the officer embarked in a primary control ship assigned to control the movement of landing craft, amphibious vehicles, and landing ships to and from a colored beach. Also called PCO.
- primary control ship - In amphibious operations, a ship of the task force designated to provide support for the primary control officer and a combat information center control team for a colored beach. Also called PCS.
- primary energy source - the fuel or fuels used for the generation of electric energy, except that such term does not include, as determined under rules prescribed by the Commission, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy — (i) the minimum amounts of fuel required for ignition, startup, testing, flame stabilization, and control uses, and (ii) the minimum amounts of fuel required to alleviate or prevent— (I) unanticipated equipment outages, and (II) emergencies, directly affecting the public health, safety, or welfare, which would result from electric power outages.
- primary flight control - The controlling agency on air-capable ships that is responsible for air traffic control of aircraft within 5 nautical miles of the ship. On most Coast Guard cutters, primary flight control duties are performed by a combat information center, and the term “PRIFLY” is not used. Also called PRIFLY.
- primary fusion center - fusion center designated by a state's Governor as the primary fusion center within that state.
- primary health care - family medicine, general internal medicine, general pediatrics, preventive medicine, or osteopathic general practice.
- primary improvised explosive device - first of two or more improvised explosive devices (IED)s encountered or initiated.
- primary language(s) - A primary language is the official national language of the area or a language
726 which that may be used officially on a coequal basis, either nationally or regionally, or a language that is used officially or widely by the government in conducting internal/ foreign affairs and by educated circles. USAID, FAM, 3 FAM 3911.2 )
- primary mission essential function - function that needs to be continuously performed during an event or resumed within 12 hours of an event, and that need to be maintained for up to 30 day after an event or until normal operations can be resumed.
- primary mission essential functions - Those department and agency essential functions, validated by the NCC, which must be accomplished to support the performance of NEFs before, during, and after an emergency. PMEFs must be available within 12 hours of an emergency and sustainable for 30 days, or until operations can be resumed at either the original location or a new one. These activities include formulation and implementation of foreign policy; maintenance of diplomatic and consular relations, and essential consular functions; reporting and advising on relevant conditions overseas; and supporting other cabinet departments and agencies (e.g., Defense, Treasury, Commerce, and Justice). Also called PMEF.
- primary mission essential functions - those Government Functions that must be performed in order to support or implement the performance of NEFs before, during, and in the aftermath of an emergency. Also called PMEF.
- primary mission essential functions - those Government functions that must be performed in order to support or implement the performance of the national essential functions before, during, and in the aftermath of an emergency.
- primary next of kin - the individual authorized to direct disposition of the remains of the person.
- primary packaging - the permanent packaging inside of the innermost cellophane or other transparent wrapping and labels, if any. Warnings or other statements shall be deemed permanently imprinted only if printed directly on such primary packaging and not by way of stickers or other similar devices.
- primary permit holder - Only State employees may apply as primary permit holders. The primary permit holder is responsible for making payments to FARA; reporting any changes to the permit to the Office of General Services Managements Special Services Division (A/ OPR/ GSM/ SS); maintaining the permit at the ridership level at which the permit was issued; and ensuring that all carpool members are aware of the compliance regulations for each garage. Unless the primary permit holder re-assigns the permit in writing to A/ OPR/ GSM/ SS, the permit remains in the name of and control of the primary permit holder for the parking year.
- primary residence - a single family house, a duplex, or a unit within a multiple-dwelling structure that is the principal dwelling of an eligible veteran and is owned by such veteran or a family member of such veteran.
- primary review authority - The organization, within the lead agent's chain of command, that is assigned by the lead agent to perform the actions and coordination necessary to develop and maintain the assigned joint publication under the cognizance of the lead agent. Also called PRA. See also joint publication; lead agent.
- primary sponsor Federally Funded Research and Development Center - lead agency responsible for managing, administering, or monitoring overall use of the Federally Funded Research and
727 Development Center (FFRDC) under a multiple sponsorship agreement on behalf of DHS. Terms )
- primary standard attainment date - the date specified in the applicable implementation plan for the attainment of a national primary ambient air quality standard for any air pollutant.
- primary stream - A) the single digital stream of programming that, before June 12, 2009, was substantially duplicating the programming transmitted by the television broadcast station as an analog signal; or (B) if there is no stream described in subparagraph (A), then the single digital stream of programming transmitted by the television broadcast station for the longest period of time.
- primary transmission - a transmission made to the public by a transmitting facility whose signals are being received and further transmitted by a secondary transmission service, regardless of where or when the performance or display was first transmitted. In the case of a television broadcast station, the primary stream and any multicast streams transmitted by the station constitute primary transmissions.
- primary transmitter - a television or radio broadcast station licensed by the Federal Communications Commission, or by an appropriate governmental authority of Canada or Mexico, that makes primary transmissions to the public.
- prime contract - a contract or contractual action entered into by the Federal Government to obtain supplies, materials, equipment, or services of any kind.
- prime contract - A contract or contractual action entered into by the United States Government for the purpose of obtaining supplies, materials, equipment, or services of any kind.
- prime contractor - a person that has entered into a prime contract with the Federal Government.
- prime contractor employee - an officer, partner, employee, or agent of a prime contractor.
- prime vendor - A contracting process that provides commercial products to regionally grouped military and federal customers from commercial distributors using electronic commerce. Also called PV. See also distribution system.
- principal - an officer, director, owner, partner, or a person having primary management or supervisory responsibilities within a business entity (e.g., general manager; plant manager; head of a division or business segment; and similar positions).
- principal alien - an alien from whom another alien derives a privilege or status under the law or regulations.
- principal applicant - the primary individual on a case who submits an application or petition for an immigration benefit. In a refugee case, this is the individual who must substantiate a claim and demonstrate eligibility for refugee status upon an interview with a specially-trained USCIS officer. Also called PA.
- principal Deputy Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis - senior officer responsible for making waiver determinations in consultation with the Associate General Counsel for Intelligence.
- Principal Federal Official - May be appointed to serve as the Secretary of Homeland Security’s primary representative to ensure consistency of Federal support as well as the overall effectiveness of the Federal incident management for catastrophic or unusually complex incidents that require
728 extraordinary coordination. Also called PFO.
- principal federal official - The federal official designated by the Secretary of Homeland Security to act as his/ her representative locally to oversee, coordinate, and execute the Secretary’s incident management responsibilities under Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5. Also called PFO.
- principal officer - Principal officer is the officer in charge of a diplomatic mission, a consular mission
- principal officer - The officer in charge of a diplomatic mission, a consular mission (other than a consular agency), or other Foreign Service post.
- principal officer - The officer in charge of a diplomatic mission, consular office, or other foreign service post, such as a United States liaison office.
- Principal Officers Electronic Messaging System - a classified intranet which has connectivity to ClassNet. POEMS is administered by SS-IRM. Also called POEMS.
- principal or major use - domestic livestock grazing, fish and wildlife development and utilization, mineral exploration and production, rights-of-way, outdoor recreation, and timber production.
- principal representative - senior official of the U.S. Government serving in a foreign country who has been designated by the Secretary of State.
- principal representative - The senior representative of a U.S. Government agency attached to a diplomatic mission abroad.
- principal unit security officer - A managerial-level Department employee who a bureau executive director or equivalent designated, in writing, to administer the security program in that bureau or organization and maintain liaison with DS/ IS/ APD. PUSOs may designate any number of unit security officers to assist in performing security duties. Bureaus with assigned BSOs are not required to designate a PUSO. Also called PUSO.
- prints - newspapers and periodicals, books, pamphlets, sheet music, visiting cards, address cards, printing proofs, engravings, photographs, pictures, drawings, plans, maps, patterns to be cut out, catalogs, prospectuses, advertisements, and printed, engraved, lithographed, or autographed notices of various kinds, and, in general, all impressions or reproductions obtained on paper or other material assimilable to paper, on parchment or on cardboard, by means of printing, engraving, lithography, autography, or any other easily recognizable mechanical process, with the exception of the copying press, stamps with movable or immovable type, and the typewriter.
- prior approval - securing the awarding agency's permission in advance to incur cost for those items that are designated. Generally this permission will be in writing. Where an item of cost requiring prior approval is specified in the budget of an award, approval of the budget constitutes approval of that cost.
- prior approval - Written approval by an authorized official evidencing prior consent.
- prior approval - written approval by an authorized official evidencing prior consent.
- priority - A precedence designator used for messages requiring rapid action and prompt delivery and which must be delivered before routine traffic.
- priority - value given to indicate relative importance in order to ensure the appropriate allocation of resources and to determine the timeframe within which action is required.
- priority consideration - Special, one-time consideration extended to a candidate who was denied proper consideration in a prior competitive action.
- priority date - The priority date of the petition is the date on which the completed, signed petition is properly filed.
- priority designator - A two-digit issue and priority code placed in military standard requisitioning and issue procedure requisitions to provide a means of assigning relative rankings to competing demands placed on the Department of Defense supply system.
- priority individual - an individual who (A) is an eligible individual; (B) has been convicted of a gang- related offense; and (C) has served or is serving a period of detention in a juvenile detention center or secure juvenile justice residential facility for such offense.
- priority intelligence requirement - An intelligence requirement, stated as a priority for intelligence support, that the commander and staff need to understand the adversary or other aspects of the operational environment. Also called PIR. See also information requirements; intelligence; intelligence process; intelligence requirement.
- priority intelligence requirement - organization’s stated intelligence need identifying its analytic, collection, and production priorities.
- priority mail - Priority Mail is an expedited service and may contain any mailable matter weighing no more than 70 pounds except for Army Post Office (APO) and Fleet Post Office (FPO) mail subject to 703.2.0, Overseas Military Mail, 703.4.0, Mail Sent by U.S. Armed Forces, and Department of State mail subject to 703.3.0. Priority Mail prices are based on zone and weight.
- priority pipeline access - the first priority of delivery of crude helium under which the Secretary schedules and ensures the delivery of crude helium to a helium refinery through the Federal Helium System.
- priority request - any request that-(1) is designated as a priority request by the Administrator of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, or the Director of the National Institutes of Health; and (2)(A) is made to the Director of the Office of Personnel Management for the allocation of personnel to carry out activities with respect to acquired immune deficiency syndrome; or (B) is made to the Administrator of General Services for administrative support or space in carrying out such activities.
- priority workers - a. In the context of employment-based first preference immigrant visa classification, the statute designates the following aliens as priority workers who may be entitled to status as employment-based first preference applicants- (1) Aliens with extraordinary ability; (2) Outstanding professors and researchers; and (3) Certain multinational executives and managers.
- prison - any confinement facility of a Federal, State, or local government, whether administered by such government or by a private organization on behalf of such government, and includes—(A) any local jail or police lockup; and (B) any juvenile facility used for the custody or care of juvenile inmates.
- prison-based family treatment program - a program for incarcerated parents or pregnant women in a correctional facility that provides a comprehensive response to offender needs, including substance abuse treatment, child early intervention services, family counseling, legal services, medical care, mental health services, nursery and preschool, parenting skills training, pediatric care, physical
730 therapy, prenatal care, sexual abuse therapy, relapse prevention, transportation, and vocational or GED training.
- prisoner of war - A detained person (as defined in Articles 4 and 5 of the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War of August 12, 1949) who, while engaged in combat under orders of his or her government, is captured by the armed forces of the enemy. Also called POW.
- prisoner of war - any regularly appointed, enrolled, enlisted, or inducted member of the Armed Forces of the United States who was held as a prisoner of war for any period of time during the Vietnam conflict by any force hostile to the United States, except any such member who, at any time, voluntarily, knowingly, and without duress, gave aid to or collaborated with, or in any manner served, such hostile force.
- Prisoner Transfer Treaty - A treaty that provides for transfer of prisoners to the country of origin under controlled conditions, as an alternative to serving a long sentence abroad, without undermining the national systems of justice of the two participating countries.
- prisoner trust account - Funds deposited in an especially designated account with the Department of State or a Foreign Service post for disbursal to or on behalf of a specified prisoner to pay for legal fees, fines, and related expenses.
- privacy act statement - statement required when federal departments and agencies collect personally identifiable information (PII) from members of the public, including from state and local partners, which are entered into a System of Records
- privacy compliance review - DHS Privacy Office process to be followed and documentation designed to provide a constructive mechanism to improve a DHS program’s ability to comply with assurances made in existing Privacy Compliance Documentation includes: Privacy Impact Assessments (PIAs), System of Records Notices (SORNs), and/ or formal agreements such as Memoranda of Understanding or Memoranda of Agreement.
- privacy continuous monitoring - maintaining ongoing awareness of privacy risks and assessing privacy controls at a frequency sufficient to ensure compliance with applicable privacy requirements and to manage privacy risks.
- privacy continuous monitoring program - an agency-wide program that implements the agency’s privacy continuous monitoring strategy and maintains ongoing awareness of threats and vulnerabilities that may pose privacy risks; monitors changes to information systems and environments of operation that create, collect, use, process, store, maintain, disseminate, disclose, or dispose of PII; and conducts privacy control assessments to verify the continued effectiveness of all privacy controls selected and implemented at an agency across the agency risk management tiers to ensure continued compliance with applicable privacy requirements and manage privacy risks.
- privacy continuous monitoring strategy - a formal document that catalogs the available privacy controls implemented at an agency across the agency risk management tiers and ensures that the controls are effectively monitored on an ongoing basis by assigning an agency-defined assessment frequency to each control that is sufficient to ensure compliance with applicable privacy requirements and to manage privacy risks.
- privacy control - the administrative, technical, and physical safeguards employed within an agency to ensure compliance with applicable privacy requirements and manage privacy risks.
- privacy control assessment - the assessment of privacy controls to determine whether the controls are implemented correctly, operating as intended, and sufficient to ensure compliance with applicable privacy requirements and manage privacy risks. A privacy control assessment is both an assessment and a formal document detailing the process and the outcome of the assessment.
- privacy impact assessment - An analysis of how information is handled- (1) To ensure compliance with applicable legal, regulatory, and policy requirements regarding privacy; (2) To determine the risks and effects of collecting, maintaining and disseminating information in identifiable form; and (3) To examine and evaluate protections and alternative processes for handling information to mitigate potential privacy risks. Also called PIA.
- privacy impact assessment - an analysis of how information is handled to ensure handling conforms to applicable legal, regulatory, and policy requirements regarding privacy; to determine the risks and effects of creating, collecting, using, processing, storing, maintaining, disseminating, disclosing, and disposing of information in identifiable form in an electronic information system; and to examine and evaluate protections and alternate processes for handling information to mitigate potential privacy concerns. A privacy impact assessment is both an analysis and a formal document detailing the process and the outcome of the analysis.
- privacy impact assessment - An analysis of how personal information is collected, stored, shared, and managed in a Federal system- (1) To ensure handling conforms to applicable legal, regulatory, and policy requirements regarding privacy; (2) To determine the risks and effects of collecting, maintaining, and disseminating information in identifiable form in an electronic information system; and (3) To examine and evaluate protections and alternative processes for handling information to mitigate potential privacy risks. Also called PIA.
- privacy impact assessment - DHS Privacy Office process to be followed and the document required whenever an information technology (IT) system, technology, rulemaking, program, pilot project, or other activity involves the planned use of personally identifiable information (PII) or otherwise impacts the privacy of individuals as determined by the Chief Privacy Officer examines how the Department has incorporated privacy concerns throughout the development, design, and deployment of a technology.
- privacy incident - loss of control, compromise, unauthorized disclosure, unauthorized acquisition, unauthorized access, or any similar situation in which persons other than authorized users, and for an other than authorized purpose, have access or potential access to personally identifiable information (PII) in usable form, whether physical or electronic.
- privacy office - Department of Homeland Security Support Component that ensures that the use of technologies sustain, and do not erode, privacy protections relating to the use, collection, and disclosure of personal information.
- privacy plan - a formal document that details the privacy controls selected for an information system or environment of operation that are in place or planned for meeting applicable privacy requirements and managing privacy risks, details how the controls have been implemented, and describes the methodologies and metrics that will be used to assess the controls.
- privacy program plan - a formal document that provides an overview of an agency’s privacy program, including a description of the structure of the privacy program, the resources dedicated to the privacy program, the role of the Senior Agency Official for Privacy and other privacy officials and staff, the strategic goals and objectives of the privacy program, and the program management controls and common controls in place or planned for meeting applicable privacy requirements and
732 managing privacy risks.
- privacy protection governance board - An Assistant Secretary-level Department group established to ensure the Department is positioned to respond to relevant directives and other authorities concerning the protection of personally identifiable information (PII) in a unified manner, fully integrating the requirements of all Department business operations. Also called PPGB.
- privacy risk - risk associated with the vulnerability of information collected on persons or of vulnerability of proprietary information on businesses.
- privacy threshold analysis - DHS Privacy Office process to be followed and the document used to identify information technology (IT) systems, technologies, rulemakings, programs, or pilot projects that involve PII and other activities that otherwise impact the privacy of persons as determined by the Chief Privacy Officer, and to assess whether there is a need for additional Privacy Compliance Documentation used to determine whether the degree to which a system handles or processes PII raises privacy concerns sufficient to warrant a full privacy impact assessment (PIA).
- private and voluntary organization - cooperatives, credit unions, trade unions, women’s groups, nonprofit.
- private and voluntary organization - cooperatives, credit unions, trade unions, women's groups, nonprofit development research institutions, and indigenous local organizations, which are private and nonprofit.
- private applicator - a certified applicator who uses or supervises the use of any pesticide which is classified for restricted use for purposes of producing any agricultural commodity on property owned or rented by the applicator or the applicator's employer or (if applied without compensation other than trading of personal services between producers of agricultural commodities) on the property of another person.
private benefit- (i) a benefit accrued to a person or private entity, other than Amtrak, that directly improves the economic and competitive condition of that person or entity through improved assets, cost reductions, service improvements, or any other means as defined by the Secretary; and (ii) shall be determined on a project-by-project basis, based upon an agreement between the parties.
- private branch exchange - A private telephone exchange that provides on-premises dial service and may provide connections to local and trunked communications networks. It is based on centralized stored program computer technology that provides switched telephone networking features and services. Also called PBX.
- private corporation - any corporation (other than a public corporation) which is organized for the purpose of establishing, operating, and maintaining a foreign-trade zone and which is chartered under special Act enacted after June 18, 1934, of the State or States within which it is to operate such zone.
- private document - A document issued by a non-governmental organization, e.g., hospital birth certificates, baptismal certificates, insurance records, etc.
- private entity - a State, tribal, or local government performing utility services, such as electric, natural gas, or water services.
private entity - any person or private group, organization, proprietorship, partnership, trust, cooperative, corporation, or other commercial or nonprofit entity, including an officer, employee, or agent 733 thereof.
- private items - Items to and from private citizens; i.e., nonemployees.
private person- (A) any individual who is a citizen or national of the United States; and (B) any corporation, partnership, association, or other legal entity organized or existing under the law of any State, whether for profit or not for profit.
- private responder - a nongovernmental entity or individual that is carrying out an oil spill removal activity at the direction of a Federal agency or a responsible party.
- private sector - all persons or entities in the United States, including individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, and educational and nonprofit institutions, but shall not include State, local, or tribal governments.
- private sector - An umbrella term that may be applied to any or all of the nonpublic or commercial individuals and businesses, specified nonprofit organizations, most of academia and other scholastic institutions, and selected nongovernmental organizations.
- private sector - entities and persons, including for-profit and non-profit, which are not part of any government includes individuals, sole proprietorships, partnerships, associations, and corporations, private voluntary organizations and non-public educational institutions, as well as all other nonprofit institutions.
- private sector - Organizations and entities that are not part of any governmental structure. The private sector includes for-profit and not-for-profit organizations, formal and informal structures, commerce, and industry.
- private sector - persons outside government who are critically involved in ensuring that public and private preparedness and response efforts are integrated as part of the Nation's Critical Infrastructure or Key Resources (CIKR), including:(1) corporate owners and operators determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security to be part of the CIKR; (2) subject matter experts selected to assist the Federal or State CIKR; (3) personnel serving in specific leadership positions of CIKR coordination, operations, and oversight; (4) employees of corporate entities relating to the protection of CIKR; or (5) other persons not otherwise eligible for the granting of a personnel security clearance pursuant to Executive Order 12829, as amended, who are determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security to require a personnel security clearance.
- private sector employer - non-governmental employer of person involved in the loaned executive program.
private sector entity- (A) an importer; (B) an exporter; (C) a forwarder; (D) an air, sea, or land carrier or shipper;(E) a contract logistics provider; (F) a customs broker; or(G) any other person (other than an employee of a government) affected by the implementation of the customs and trade laws of the United States.
- private security functions - This generally means activities engaged in by a contractor under a covered contract including guarding personnel, facilities, or property of a Federal agency, the contractor, or subcontractor, or a third party. It includes any other activity for which personnel are required to carry weapons in the performance of their duties in accordance with the terms of the contract.
private security officer- (A) an individual other than an employee of a Federal, State, or local government, whose primary duty is to perform security services, full or part time, for consideration, whether armed or unarmed and in uniform or plain clothes if the Attorney General determines by 734 regulation that such exclusion would serve the public interest); but (B) does not include-(i) employees whose duties are primarily internal audit or credit functions;(ii) employees of electronic security system companies acting as technicians or monitors; or (iii) employees whose duties primarily involve the secure movement of prisoners.
- private voluntary organization - a not-for-profit entity that- (A) engages in and supports activities of an economic or social development or humanitarian nature for citizens in foreign countries; and (B) is incorporated as such under the laws of the United States, including any of its states, territories or the District of Columbia, or of a foreign country.
- private voluntary organization - a not-for-profit, nongovernmental organization (in the case of a United States organization, an organization that is exempt from Federal income taxes that receives funds from private sources, voluntary contributions of money, staff time, or in-kind support from the public, and that is engaged in or is planning to engage in voluntary, charitable, or development assistance activities (other than religious activities).
- privately owned motor vehicle - A privately owned motor vehicle is a motor vehicle owned by the employee or a member of the employee's family who is authorized to travel, and used by the employee and/ or employee's immediate family for the primary purpose of providing personal transportation. Also called POV.
- privately owned vehicle - vehicle, such as an automobile or motorcycle, operated by an individual that is not owned or leased by a government agency, and is not commercially leased or rented by an employee under a government rental agreement for use in connection with official government business.
- privately-owned property - Any item (primarily portable equipment) belonging to employees or visitors, hand-carried in or out of U.S. Government premises.
- privatization - A federal agency decision to change a government-owned and government-operated commercial activity or enterprise to private sector control and ownership. When privatizing, the agency eliminates associated assets and resources (manpower for and funding of the requirement). Since there is no government ownership and control, no service contract or fee-for-service agreement exists between the agency and the private sector after an agency privatizes a commercial activity or enterprise. Moving work from agency performance with government personnel to private sector performance where the agency still funds the activity is not privatization.
- privatization - the disposition or transfer of an infrastructure asset, such as by sale or by long-term lease, from a State or local government to a private party.
- privilege - any work-product privilege, attorney-client privilege, governmental privilege, or other privilege recognized under Federal, State, or foreign law.
- privity of contract - The legal relationship that exists between two contracting parties.
- prize - award, of either monetary or non-monetary value, presented to the winner of a competition.
- pro rata share - the percentage that is equal to (A) the number of days of the marriage of the qualified former spouse to the employee during the employee's periods of creditable service, divided by (B) the total number of days of the employee's creditable service.
- proactive problem management - type of problem management process that identifies problems that might otherwise be missed by analyzing data collected by other management processes to identify
735 trends or significant problems prior to problem detection. Terms )
- probabilistic risk assessment - type of quantitative risk assessment that considers possible combinations of occurrences with associated consequences, each with an associated probability or probability distribution.
- probability mathematical - numerical value between 0 and 1 assigned to a random event (which is a subset of the sample space) in such a way that the assigned number obeys three axioms: (1) the probability of the random event “A” must be equal to, or lie between 0 and 1, (2) the probability that the outcome is within the sample space must equal 1, and (3) the probability that the random event “A” or “B” occurs must equal the probability of the random event “A” plus the probability of the random event “B” for any two mutually exclusive events.
- probability of damage - The probability that damage will occur to a target expressed as a percentage or as a decimal. Also called PD.
- probable - likely but not certain to be or become true or real.
- probable cause - a valid public interest in the effective enforcement of this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter sufficient to justify the inspection or impoundment in the circumstances stated in an application for a warrant.
- probate - The procedure by which a will is proven to be valid or invalid, before a competent judicial authority, such as a probate court. The term is more broadly used to include all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of an estate.
- problem - matter or situation regarded as unwelcome or harmful and needing to be dealt with and overcome.
- problem management - process responsible for managing the lifecycle of all problems.
- problem record - document containing the details of a problem.
- procedural control - A method of airspace control which relies on a combination of previously agreed and promulgated orders and procedures.
- procedural identification - An identification based on observation and analysis of target behaviors including location and trajectory, as well as compliance with airspace control measures.
- procedure sign (Prosign) - In Allied Communications Publication (ACP) telegraphic format one or more letters, characters, or combinations thereof used to facilitate communication by conveying in a condensed form frequently used orders, instructions, requests, and information related to telegraphic communications.
- procedure word - A word or phrase limited to radio telephone procedure used to facilitate communication by conveying information in a condensed standard form. Also called proword.
- procedures - Standard, detailed steps that prescribe how to perform specific tasks. See also tactics; techniques.
- proceed on or about - The date indicated on the travel authorization that the official travel is expected to begin. Official travel may begin as many as two (2) days before or two (2) days after the indicated
736 proceed-to-travel date, but the length of the official travel must not exceed the total number of days of the temporary duty. FAM 511.3 )
- proceeding before an agency of the United States - any proceeding before such an agency with respect to which it is authorized to issue subpenas and to take testimony or receive other information from witnesses under oath.
- process - process, art or method, and includes a new use of a known process, machine, manufacture, composition of matter, or material.
- process - systematic and repeatable series of actions directed to some end.
- process - the acceptance and review of applications and the preparation of necessary documents and the making of appropriate determinations with respect to such applications.
- process - the term reprocess.
- process improvement - series of actions taken by a process owner to identify, analyze and improve an existing process to meet new goals and objectives, such as increasing performance, reducing costs, and accelerating schedules.
- process improvement governance board - The Process Improvement Governance Board (PIGB) is a governing body that sets objectives and priorities, charters and sponsors process working groups, monitors their results, and manages change throughout the life of the working groups.
- process owner - The head of a Department of Defense component assigned a responsibility by the Secretary of Defense when process improvement involves more than one Service or Department of Defense component.
- processes and activities measurement area - The area that creates the outputs directly resulting from the process an IT initiative supports.
- processing - A system of operations designed to convert raw data into useful information.
- processing - Receiving, sorting, preparing, approving, and prepayment examining of vouchers. It begins with the receipt of vouchers and concludes with the prepayment examination and presentation of vouchers for certification.
- processing and exploitation - In intelligence usage, the conversion of collected information into forms suitable to the production of intelligence. See also intelligence process.
- processor - any person engaged in the business of obtaining livestock or poultry for the purpose of slaughtering the livestock or poultry.
process-oriented industrial assessment- (A) the identification of opportunities in the production process (from the introduction of materials to final packaging of the product for shipping) for-(i) improving energy efficiency;(ii) reducing environmental impact; and(iii) designing technological improvements to increase competitiveness and achieve cost-effective product quality enhancement; (B) the identification of opportunities for improving the energy efficiency of lighting, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and the associated building envelope; and (C) the identification of cost- effective opportunities for using renewable energy technology in the production process and in the 737 systems described in subparagraph (B).
- pro-competitive privatization - privatization that the President determines to be consistent with the United States policy of obtaining full and open competition to such organizations (or their successors), and nondiscriminatory market access, in the provision of satellite services.
- procurement - act of buying goods and services for the Government.
- procurement and investment cost - total production and deployment costs of the prime system-related support equipment and facilities, and related equipment and material furnished by the Government and initial spare and repair parts.
- procurement executive - The Procurement Executive is responsible for management direction of the acquisition system of the Department, including implementation of the unique acquisition policies, regulations, and standards of the Department. Also called A/ OPE.
- procurement instrument identifier - unique identifier used to distinguish solicitations, contracts, agreements, orders and related procurement vehicles.
- procurement item - any device, good, substance, material, product, or other item whether real or personal property which is the subject of any purchase, barter, or other exchange made to procure such item.
- procurement lead time - The interval in time between the initiation of procurement action and receipt of the products or services purchased as the result of such actions.
- procurement program - a program for which funds for procurement are authorized to be appropriated in a fiscal year.
- procurement request originators - person or entity responsible for defining the requirements for a purchase or acquisition program includes, but is not limited to, engineers, acquisition program managers, and all contract specification writers and reviewers.
- procurement shared services - The Office of Acquisitions Management (A/ LM/ AQM) manages, plans, and directs the Department's acquisition programs and conducts contract operations in support of activities worldwide. A/ LM/ AQM is involved or carries out almost all procurements. Regional procurement and support offices in Florida and Frankfurt provide regional support by managing the local conditions involved at each post. The overseas procurement cost center acts as an intermediary for non-State acquisitions.
- procuring activity - a component of an executive agency having a significant acquisition function and designated as such by the head of the agency. Unless agency regulations specify otherwise, the term “procuring activity” is synonymous with “contracting activity.”
- procuring agency - any Federal agency, or any State agency or agency of a political subdivision of a State which is using appropriated Federal funds for such procurement, or any person contracting with any such agency with respect to work performed under such contract.
- procuring contracting officer - A contracting officer who initiates and signs the contract. Also called PCO. See also administrative contracting officer; contracting officer.
- produce - to manufacture, prepare, compound, propagate, or process any pesticide or device or active ingredient used in producing a pesticide.
- produced - produced, manufactured, mined, handled, or in any other manner worked on in any State; and for the purposes of this chapter an employee shall be deemed to have been engaged in the production of goods if such employee was employed in producing, manufacturing, mining, handling, transporting, or in any other manner working on such goods, or in any closely related process or occupation directly essential to the production thereof, in any State.
- producer - a person who engages in the production of a good in the territory of a CAFTA–DR country.
- producer - a person who engages in the production of a good in the territory of Colombia or the United States.
- producer - a person who engages in the production of a good in the territory of Korea or the United States.
- producer - a person who grows, mines, harvests, fishes, traps, hunts, manufactures, processes, or assembles a good.
- producer - any person engaged in the business of selling livestock to a packer for slaughter (including the sale of livestock from a packer to another packer).
- producer - the person who manufactures, prepares, compounds, propagates, or processes any pesticide or device or active ingredient used in producing a pesticide.
- product - any natural or manufactured item.
- product - artifact that is produced, is quantifiable, and can be either an end item in itself or a component item solutions that are developed to address a problem statement and are being transitioned to use by the project.
- product carrier - a tanker engaged in the trade of carrying oil except crude oil.
- product carrier - a tanker that is engaged in carrying oil. This definition of tanker means that it is a self- propelled vessel. A tank barge carrying oil products is a tank vessel but is not subject to the special standards or requirements for a product carrier.
- product certification center - A facility which certifies the technical security integrity of communications equipment. The equipment is handled and used within secure channels.
- product costs - costs that are associated with the production of a good and include the value of materials, direct labor costs, and direct overhead.
- product costs - costs that are associated with the production of a good and include the value of materials, direct labor costs, and direct overhead.
- product service code - label that describes what a contract is procuring.
- product support - the package of support functions required to field and maintain the readiness and operational capability of major weapon systems, subsystems, and components, including all functions related to weapon system readiness.
- product type - categorization of a product.
- production - growing, mining, harvesting, fishing, breeding, raising, trapping, hunting, manufacturing, processing, assembling, or disassembling a good.
- production - growing, mining, harvesting, fishing, raising, trapping, hunting, manufacturing, processing, assembling, or disassembling a good.
- production - growing, mining, harvesting, fishing, raising, trapping, hunting, manufacturing, processing, assembling, or disassembling a good.
- production - growing, mining, harvesting, fishing, trapping, hunting, manufacturing, processing, or assembling a good.
- production - plays (with or without music), ballet, dance and choral performances, concerts, recitals, operas, exhibitions, readings, motion pictures, television, radio, film, video, and tape and sound recordings, and any other activities involving the execution or rendition of the arts and meeting such standards as may be approved by the National Endowment for the Arts.
- production - those activities which take place after the successful completion of any means for the removal of minerals, including such removal, field operations, transfer of minerals to shore, operation monitoring, maintenance, and work-over drilling.
- production base - The total national industrial production capacity available for the manufacture of items to meet materiel requirements.
- production representative - system that accurately represents the production configuration system for both hardware and software, such as a mature engineering development model (EDM), but not produced on a final production line, e.g., hand tooled, although some components may be from production tooling
- production requirement - An intelligence requirement that cannot be met by current analytical products resulting in tasking to produce a new product that can meet this intelligence requirement. Also called PR.
- products - same meaning as “supplies.”
- profession - architects, engineers, lawyers, physicians, surgeons, and teachers in elementary or secondary schools, colleges, academies, or seminaries.regulations also include any occupation for which a U.S. baccalaureate degree (or foreign equivalent) is the minimum requirement for entry into the occupation.
- profession - include but not be limited to architects, engineers, lawyers, physicians, surgeons, and teachers in elementary or secondary schools, colleges, academies, or seminaries.
- profession - occupation.
- professional - occupational.
- professional athlete - an individual who is employed as an athlete by- (A) a team that is a member of an association of 6 or more professional sports teams whose total combined revenues exceed
740 $10,000,000 per year, if the association governs the conduct of its members and regulates the contests and exhibitions in which its member teams regularly engage; or (B) any minor league team that is affiliated with such an association. §1153 )
- professional courier (or diplomatic courier) - A person specifically employed and provided with official documentation by the Department to transport properly prepared, addressed, and documented diplomatic pouches between the Department, its Foreign Service posts, and across other international boundaries.
- professional development training - training and/ or experiences designed to enhance the person's expertise, leadership, management and interpersonal skills so as to continuously improve the workforce, organization, mission, and the related processes.
- professional liability insurance - legal liability for damages due to injuries to other persons, damage to their property, or other damage or loss to such other persons (including the expenses of litigation and settlement) resulting from or arising out of any tortuous act, error, or omission of the covered individual (whether common law, statutory, or constitutional) while in the performance of such individual's official duties as a qualified employee; and the cost of legal representation for the covered individual in connection with any administrative or judicial proceeding (including any investigation or disciplinary proceeding) relating to any act, error, or omission of the covered individual while in the performance of such individual's official duties as a qualified employee, and other legal costs and fees relating to any such administrative or judicial proceeding.
professional sports organization- (A) a person or governmental entity that sponsors, organizes, schedules, or conducts a competitive game in which one or more professional athletes participate, or (B) a league or association of persons or governmental entities.
- proficiency training - training provided to develop and maintain a given standard of skill in individual or team performance.
- profit - any proceeds (including cash and other valuable consideration but not including amounts of such proceeds given as charitable contributions) for the sale, disposition, or assignment of personal property in excess of the basis for such property. For purposes of this chapter, basis shall include initial price, inland and overseas transportation costs (if not reimbursed by the United States Government), shipping insurance, taxes, customs fees, duties or other charges, and capital improvements, but shall not include insurance on an item while in use, or maintenance and related costs. For purposes of computing profit, proceeds and costs shall be valued in United States dollars at the time of receipt or payment, at a rate of exchange as determined by regulation or policy issued.
- profitable railroad - a railroad which is not a railroad in reorganization. The term does not include the Corporation, the National Railroad Passenger Corporation, or a railroad leased, operated, or controlled by a railroad in reorganization in the region.
- program - A coordinated group of planned undertakings (projects) having a common goal, objective, or mission.
- program - A group of planned projects having a common goal, objective, or mission with a defined budget, management structure, dedicated resources, and does not have a specified start and end date.
- program - group of related projects managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits and control not available from managing them individually.
- program acquisition - directed, funded acquisitions that provide new, improved, or continuing systems or services in response to an approved need.
- program development - totality of activities directed to accomplish specific goals and objectives, which may provide new or improved capabilities in response to approved requirements and/ or sustain existing capabilities, and which may have multiple projects to obtain specific capability requirements or capital assets.
- program activity - a specific activity or project as listed in the program and financing schedules of the annual budget of the United States Government.
- program and budget review - concurrent Programming and Budgeting phases of PPBE, usually occurring between April and August of each year.
- program and budget review guidance - document providing instruction that outlines the key themes and focus areas for the program and budget review with identification of programmatic issue teams, base budget.
- program beneficiary - an individual who receives program services.
- program coordinator - An individual appointed in the purchase card program through a written delegation of authority memorandum who has responsibility for oversight of the bureau or post purchase card program including all activity of his or her cardholders, approving officials and designated billing officials. Domestically, the PC is established at the bureau executive director level. Overseas, the PC is established at the post management officer level or equivalent. Also called PC.
- program health acquisition - current state of an acquisition program’s management, resources, planning and execution activities, and requirements within cost and schedule, external influencers, compliance with applicable laws, regulations and instructions, and how those factors are impacting the program’s ability to deliver a capability includes how these factor ratings impact the program’s ability to deliver a capability to designated customers, recognizing that not all factors are weighted equally.
- program health assessment acquisition - collection of data, processes, and evaluations conducted on major acquisition programs to evaluate their overall health, ability to deliver the required capability, and compliance with applicable laws, regulations, instructions.
- program identifier - two or three-letter acronym (Di-graph or Tri- graph) or abbreviated identifier for an assigned special access program nickname or codeword; drawn from the letters within the nickname or codeword.
- program income - Gross income earned by the recipient that is directly generated by a supported activity or earned as a result of the award. Program income includes, but is not limited to, income from fees for services performed, the use or rental of real or personal property acquired under federally-funded projects, the sale of commodities or items fabricated under an award, license fees and royalties on patents and copyrights, and interest on loans made with award funds. Interest earned on advances of Federal funds is not program income. Except as otherwise provided in Federal awarding agency regulations or the terms and conditions of the award, program income does not include the receipt of principal on loans, rebates, credits, discounts, etc., or interest earned on any of them.
- program income - gross income earned by the recipient that is directly generated by a supported activity or earned as a result of the award. Program income includes, but is not limited to, income from fees for services performed, the use or rental of real or personal property acquired under federally-funded projects, the sale of commodities or items fabricated under an award, license fees and royalties on patents and copyrights, and interest on loans made with award funds. Interest earned on advances of Federal funds is not program income. Except as otherwise provided in Federal awarding agency
742 regulations or the terms and conditions of the award, program income does not include the receipt of principal on loans, rebates, credits, discounts, etc., or interest earned on any of them.
- program management - centralized coordinated management of a program to achieve the program’s strategic objectives and benefits.
- program management control - in the context of information security and privacy, a control that is generally implemented at the agency level, independent of any particular information system, and essential for managing information security or privacy programs.
program manager- (A) the head of the element of the intelligence community that is responsible for the budget, cost, schedule, and performance of a major system; or (B) in the case of a major system within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, the deputy who is responsible for the budget, cost, schedule, and performance of the major system.
- program manager - An individual in A/ LM/ AQM/ BD who has overall management responsibility for the worldwide purchase card program, including strategic planning, development and implementation of purchase card policies, procedures, and training.
- program manager - responsible agency representative, who, with significant discretional authority, is uniquely empowered to make final scope-of-work, capital-investment, and performance acceptability decisions also responsible for meeting program objectives or production requirements through the acquisition of any mix of in-house, contract, or reimbursable support resources.
- program manager (or Information System Owner) - Official responsible for the overall procurement, development, integration, modification, or operation and maintenance of an information system.
- program Manager (or Information System Owner) - Official responsible for the overall procurement, development, integration, modification, or operation and maintenance of an information system.
- program monitoring - the collection, analysis, and use of routine program data to determine- (A) how well a program is carried out; and (B) how much the program costs.
- program of excellence - any program carried out by a designated health professions school with a grant made, if the program is for purposes for which the school involved is authorized to expend the grant.
program of independent living services and assistance- (A) the services provided for in this chapter that are needed to enable a veteran to achieve independence in daily living, including such counseling, diagnostic, medical, social, psychological, and educational services as are determined by the Secretary to be needed for such veteran to achieve maximum independence in daily living, and (B) the assistance authorized by this chapter for such veteran.
- program of interrelated projects - the simultaneous development of (A) 2 or more new fixed guideway capital projects, small start projects, or core capacity improvement projects; or (B) 2 or more projects that are any combination of new fixed guideway capital projects, small start projects, and core capacity improvement projects.
- program of record - program that has successfully achieved formal program initiation and approval.
- program office - group within a Component responsible for supporting and consulting to ensure activities are carried out consistently and successfully in accordance with Component strategies.
- program office - The office that manages the form and the uses of the information.
743 FAM 1151.2 )
- program offices - Department organizations that develop, implement, and manage appropriate policies and procedures regarding specified functions. Program offices also perform oversight and periodic review of operating offices to ensure their compliance with Department directives.
- program participant - a public or private entity that has received financial assistance under a designated program.
- program planner - a State or local government, including an Indian tribe, a person employed by the State or local government, or other person who supervised or administered a program with respect to the administration, dispensing, distribution, provision, or use of a security countermeasure or a qualified pandemic or epidemic product, including a person who has established requirements, provided policy guidance, or supplied technical or scientific advice or assistance or provides a facility to administer or use a covered countermeasure in accordance with a declaration.
- program project activity financial - amount specified in the appropriations, conference report, or joint explanatory statement that limits or caps the amount of money that may be spent in a particular funding area.
- program property - Specialized property associated with a unique program where the overall management and technical expertise are controlled by a single bureau or agency and which is generally funded by that bureau or agency (e.g., motor vehicles, secure telephones, radios, tempest PCs, etc.).
- program records - Records documenting the unique, substantive functions for which an office is responsible, in contrast to administrative records.
- program services - treatment for substance abuse, or preventive services regarding such abuse, provided pursuant to an award of financial assistance under a designated program.
- program-funded property for USAID only - Property, distinct from OE-funded property, which is procured for the achievement of a strategic objective with funds of a USAID activity or project. When title for this property is vested in USAID, and it is in USAID custody, USAID inventory records must indicate the funding source.
- programming phase - second phase of the Planning Programming, Budgeting, and Execution (PPBE ) process, which projects the five-year program plans and estimates the resources required to meet the planning priorities and objectives of the Department.
- program security officer - person that is responsible for executing special access program security responsibilities for a specific special access program, compartment, sub-compartment, project and/ or geographical region appointed in writing by the cognizant security authority.
- program-specific audit - an audit of one Federal program.
- progress review - periodic (e.g., monthly, quarterly, annually, or event-based) check on the progress and health of a project with one or more organizations that have an interest in the success of the project.
- prohibited activity - the act of knowingly, materially, and directly contributing or attempting to contribute, through the provision of financing, to- (1) the acquisition of unsafeguarded special nuclear material; or (2) the use, development, production, stockpiling, or other acquisition of any nuclear explosive device, by any individual, group, or non-nuclear-weapon state.
- prohibited personnel practices - Twelve prohibited personnel practices, including reprisal for whistleblowing. A personnel action, such as appointments, promotions, reassignments, and other personnel matters, may need to be involved for a prohibited personnel practice to occur.
- project - planned undertaking of something to be accomplished or produced, or an undertaking having a finite beginning and finite end a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result; involves the definition, acquisition, and fielding of a unique product, service or result in accordance with specified resources and requirements.
- project - A carefully planned task or undertaking that has been scheduled to meet specified performance goals and achieve a desired result within defined budget and time constraints.
- project - A planned task or undertaking that has been scheduled to achieve a desired result within defined budget and time constraints; a planned effort with a performance goal, scheduled start and end dates.
- project - any individually described activity in a field related to ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resources involving research, education, training, or extension services administered by a person with expertise in such a field.
- project - any reclamation or irrigation project, including incidental features thereof, authorized by Federal reclamation law, or constructed by the United States pursuant to such law, or in connection with which there is a repayment or water service contract executed by the United States pursuant to such law, or any project constructed by the Secretary through the Bureau of Reclamation for the reclamation of lands.
- project - complete unit of improvement or development, consisting of a power house, all water conduits, all dams and appurtenant works and structures (including navigation structures) which are a part of said unit, and all storage, diverting, or forebay reservoirs directly connected therewith, the primary line or lines transmitting power therefrom to the point of junction with the distribution system or with the interconnected primary transmission system, all miscellaneous structures used and useful in connection with said unit or any part thereof, and all water-rights, rights-of-way, ditches, dams, reservoirs, lands, or interest in lands the use and occupancy of which are necessary or appropriate in the maintenance and operation of such unit.
- project - programs organized to carry out the purposes of this subchapter, including programs to foster American artistic creativity, to commission works of art, to create opportunities for individuals to develop artistic talents when carried on as a part of a program otherwise included in this definition , and to develop and enhance the widest public knowledge and understanding of the arts, and includes, where appropriate, rental or purchase of facilities, purchase or rental of land, and acquisition of equipment.
- project contract unit - a project or any substantial area of a project which is covered or is proposed to be covered by a repayment contract. On any project where two or more repayment contracts in part cover the same area and in part different areas, the area covered by each such repayment contract shall be a separate project contract unit. On any project where there are either two or more repayment contracts on a single project contract unit or two or more project contract units, the repayment contracts or project contract units may be merged by agreements in form satisfactory to the Secretary.
- project costs - all allowable costs, as set forth in the applicable Federal cost principles, incurred by a recipient and the value of the contributions made by third parties in accomplishing the objectives of the award during the project period.
- project costs - All allowable costs, as set forth in the applicable Federal cost principles, incurred by a recipient and the value of the contributions made by third parties, in accomplishing the objectives of
745 the award during the project period. FAH‐3 H‐612.3 )
- project costs - the cost of acquisition 1 or construction of all facilities and services and the cost of acquisition of all land and interests in land used in the design and construction and operation of a small hydroelectric power project.
- project integrated product team - group of people that work together to collaboratively define the problem space and develop a solution and a plan for its transition to use includes the Project Team leaders and partners.
- project management - application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements.
- project management certificate - An official document awarded to students who successfully complete a sequence of courses (i.e., a mixture of required and elective courses).
- project management plan - formal, approved document that defines how the project is executed, monitored, and controlled may be a summary or detailed and may be composed of one or more subsidiary management plans and other planning documents.
- project manager - person assigned responsibility for accomplishing stated objectives within a specifically designated unit of work effort or group of closely related efforts, established to achieve stated or designated objectives, defined tasks, or other units of related effort on a schedule and in support of the program mission.
- project obligation - any note, bond, debenture, or other debt obligation issued by an obligor in connection with the financing of a project.
- project of clinical research - a clinical trial.
- project or program manager - an individual designated- (A) to develop, produce, and deploy a new asset to meet identified operational requirements; and (B) to manage cost, schedule, and performance of the acquisition, project, or program.
- project period - the period established in the award document during which Federal sponsorship begins and ends.
- project period - The period established in the award document during which Federal sponsorship begins and ends.
- project phase - collection of logically related project activities usually culminating in the completion of a major deliverable.
- project plan - A documented collection of achievable goals that establishes a beginning and end; groupings of milestones and tasks; in MSP, a collection of control gates based on a work breakdown structure outlining tasks.
- project quality assurance - A process consisting of features and functions used in project development to ensure that the system is reliable, authentic, and meets all the requirements of the quality assurance plan.
- project quality control - Activities performed continually throughout a project to verify that project management and project deliverables are of high quality.
- project quality management - A management function that includes all activities that determine the policy, objectives, and responsibilities, and implements them through quality planning, quality control, and quality assurance.
- project resources/ financial risk - risk associated with cost creep, miscalculation of life-cycle costs, reliance on a small number of vendors without cost controls, or (poor) acquisition planning.
- project risk management - A method to identify and evaluate risks associated with a project, system, or overall investment, and incorporates input into planned project/ system/ investment goals.
- project works - the physical structures of a project.
- projected average loss - the estimated long-term average loss per period for periods of comparable exposure to risk of loss.
- projected improvised explosive device - improvised explosive device (IED) delivers the main charge through the air to its target.
- projectile - object, projected by an applied exterior force and continuing in motion by virtue of its own inertia projectiles can have a variety of fillers including explosives or chemicals.
- proliferation security initiative - The Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) is a global effort that aims to stop trafficking of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), their delivery systems, and related materials to and from states and nonstate actors of proliferation concern. Also called PSI.
- proliferation-attractive - quantities and types of such materials that are determined by the Secretary of Energy to present a significant risk to the national security of the United States if diverted to a use relating to proliferation.
- promotion - any action taken by a board under an order, including paid advertising, to present a favorable image of an agricultural commodity to the public to improve the competitive position of the agricultural commodity in the marketplace and to stimulate sales of the agricultural commodity.
- promotion - Change of an employee to a higher grade or to a position with a higher rate of basic pay or higher representative rate.
- promotion potential - Possibility of further promotion without the need for further competition (e.g., a position filled at an entry or mid-level within an established career ladder).
- promotion zone - a promotion eligibility category consisting of the officers on an active-duty list in the same grade and competitive category- (A) who- (i) in the case of officers in grades below colonel, for officers of the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps, or captain, for officers of the Navy, have neither (I) failed of selection for promotion to the next higher grade, nor (II) been removed from a list of officers recommended for promotion to that grade (other than after having been placed on that list after a selection from below the promotion zone); or (ii) in the case of officers in the grade of colonel or brigadier general, for officers of the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps, or captain or rear admiral (lower half), for officers of the Navy, have neither (I) not been recommended for promotion to the next higher grade when considered in the promotion zone, nor (II) been removed from a list of officers recommended for promotion to that grade (other than after having been placed on that list after a selection from below the promotion zone); and (B) are senior to the officer designated by the Secretary of the military department concerned to be the junior officer in the promotion zone eligible for consideration for promotion to the next higher grade.
- proof - In mine warfare, to verify that a breached lane is free of live mines by passing a mine roller or other mine-resistant vehicle through as the lead vehicle.
- proof - To verify that a breached lane is free of live mines by passing a mine roller or other mine-resistant vehicle through as the lead vehicle.
- proof of citizenship - Proof of citizenship as a Certificate of Naturalization or Citizenship, Consular Report of Birth of a U.S. Citizen Abroad, or a valid U.S. passport.
- propellant - explosive material that normally functions by burning to produce a controlled release of gasses used for propulsion purposes.
- propeller - a part, appurtenance, and accessory of a propeller.
- proper invoice - an invoice that meets the minimum standards.
- proper invoice - an invoice, voucher, or other billing document that includes the- (1) Name of the business concern and the invoice date; (2) Purchase order or contract number, or other authorization for delivery of property or services; (3) Description, price, and quantity of property and services actually delivered or ordered; (4) Shipping and payment terms and shipment address; (5) Name where practicable, title, phone number, and complete mailing address of responsible official to whom payment is to be sent; and (6) Translation of key words if the invoice is in a foreign language.
- property - any present or future interest, whether legal or equitable, in real, personal (including choses in action), or mixed property, tangible or intangible, vested or contingent, wherever located and however held (including community property and property held in trust (including spendthrift and pension trusts)), but excludes- (A) property held in trust by the United States for the benefit of an Indian tribe or individual Indian; and (B) Indian lands subject to restrictions against alienation imposed by the United States.
- property - any property, right, or interest.
- property - economic resource that is expected to provide benefits includes real, personal, mobile, and intellectual property.
- property - real property and such items of tangible personality as can be identified and evaluated.
- property - real property, equipment, intangible property and debt instruments.
- property accountability - Responsibility for tracking the movements and location of assets, recording changes in physical conditions, and verifying physical counts. Property managers exercise this responsibility and maintain proper control over an organizations assets through record-keeping effective policies and procedures and appropriate security controls.
- property acquisition method - set of standard options to procure, purchase, or obtain assets in accordance with Federal Acquisition Regulations consists of standardized conventions for how an agency takes title to real and personal property.
- property administrator - An authorized representative of the contracting officer appointed in accordance with agency procedures, responsible for administering the contract requirements and
748 obligations relating to Government property in the possession of a contractor. Department contracting officers must designate a property administrator in writing for contracts that have Government-furnished property or contractor-acquired property delegating authority for specific tasks.
- property disposition method - formally recognized manner to which an entity relinquishes title to property or custody of property.
- property identification number - The five-digit number assigned by the post to each real property unit or structure. (Consult the Real Property Application (RPA) online help function or users guide for additional information.) Also called PropID.
- property management - The planned acquisition, efficient utilization, physical accounting, and appropriate disposition of property.
- proposal - any offer or other submission used as a basis for pricing a sponsored agreement, sponsored agreement modification or termination settlement or for securing payments thereunder.
- proposed legislation - A draft bill or any supporting document (e.g., Speaker letter, section-by-section analysis, statement of purpose and justification, etc.) that an agency wishes to present to Congress for its consideration. Also, any proposal for or endorsement of Federal legislation included in an agency's annual or special report or in other written form which an agency proposes to transmit to Congress, or to any Member or committee, officer or employee of Congress, or staff of any committee or Member, or to make available to any study group, commission, or the public.
- proposing official - The management official who proposes a reprimand, suspension, or separation for cause to the deciding official.
- proprietary information - competitive bid preparations, negotiating strategies, executive emails, internal financial data, strategic business plans, technical designs, manufacturing processes, source code, data derived from research and development investments, and other commercially valuable information that a person has developed or obtained if—(A) the person has taken reasonable measures to keep the information confidential; and (B) the information is not generally known or readily ascertainable through proper means by the public.
- propriety station - monitoring station under the same ownership as the property(ies) being monitored.
- proscribed category of information - a category of information that- (A) with respect to Department of Defense contracts- (i) includes special access information; (ii) is determined by the Secretary of Defense to include information the disclosure of which to an entity controlled by a foreign government is not in the national security interests of the United States; and (iii) is defined in regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense; and (B) with respect to Department of Energy contracts- (i) is determined by the Secretary of Energy to include information described in subparagraph (A)(ii); and (ii) is defined in regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Energy.
- proscribed category of information - a category of information that — (A) with respect to Department of Defense contracts— (i) includes special access information; (ii) is determined by the Secretary of Defense to include information the disclosure of which to an entity controlled by a foreign government is not in the national security interests of the United States; and (iii) is defined in regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense; and (B) with respect to Department of Energy contracts— (i) is determined by the Secretary of Energy to include information described in subparagraph (A)(ii); and (ii) is defined in regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Energy.
- prosecutor - a full-time employee of a State or unit of local government who- (A) is continually licensed to practice law; and B) prosecutes criminal or juvenile delinquency cases at the State or unit of local government level (including supervision, education, or training of other persons prosecuting such cases).
- prospecting - any activity, including logistic support, the purpose of which is the identification of mineral resource potential for possible exploration and development.
- prospective adoptive parents - a married United States citizen of any age and his or her spouse of any age, or an unmarried United States citizen who is at least 24 years old at the time he or she files the advanced processing application and at least 25 years old at the time he or she files the orphan petition. The spouse of the United States citizen may be a citizen or an alien. An alien spouse must be in lawful immigration status if residing in the United States.
- prospective providers - Private sector, public reimbursable, and agency sources that may submit responses (offers or tenders) in response to an agency’s solicitation.
- prospective special access program - Department program or activity for which enhanced security measures have been proposed and approved to facilitate security protections prior to establishing the effort as a Department special access program.
- prostitution - engaging in promiscuous sexual intercourse for hire. A conviction is not necessary for a finding that an applicant engaged in prostitution. However, a finding that someone has engaged in prostitution must be based a regular pattern of prostitution for financial gain not casual or isolated acts. An individual can be found inadmissible under INA for engaging in prostitution, in a jurisdiction where prostitution is not illegal, so long as it involves is a regular pattern of prostitution for financial gain. INA would not apply to a John or someone who hired a prostitute.
- protect - The responsibility of a regional post to safeguard message traffic of posts within its jurisdiction and to insure that those posts receive message traffic.
- protect health and the environment/ protection of health and the environment - protection against any unreasonable adverse effects on the environment.
- protected area - premises, or area within a protected premise, that is provided with means to prevent an unwanted incident.
- protected association - the joining, assembling, and residing with others that is protected under the first and 14th amendments to the Constitution, or would be protected if the institution of higher education involved were subject to those amendments.
- protected distribution system - A wireline or fiber optic communications link with safeguards to permit its use for the distribution of unencrypted classified information. Also called PDS.
- protected emblems - The red cross, red crescent, and other symbols that designate that persons, places, or equipment so marked have a protected status under the law of war.
- protected frequencies - Friendly, generally time-oriented, frequencies used for a particular operation, identified and protected to prevent them from being inadvertently jammed by friendly forces while active electronic warfare operations are directed against hostile forces. See also electronic warfare.
- protected information - Information protected by law, regulations, privilege, or policy including but not limited to classified, sensitive but unclassified, non-public or controlled unclassified information.
- protected persons/ places - Persons (such as enemy prisoners of war) and places (such as hospitals) that enjoy special protections under the law of war. They may or may not be marked with protected emblems.
protected persons/ places —Persons (such as enemy prisoners of war) and places (such as hospitals) that enjoy special protections under the law of war and which may or may not be marked with protected emblems.
- protected speech - speech that is protected under the first and 14 th amendments to the Constitution, or would be protected if the institution of higher education involved were subject to those amendments.
- protected system - (A) any service, physical or computer-based system, process, or procedure that directly or indirectly affects the viability of a facility of critical infrastructure; and (B) includes any physical or computer-based system, including a computer, computer system, computer or communications network, or any component hardware or element thereof, software program, processing instructions, or information or data in transmission or storage therein, irrespective of the medium of transmission or storage.
- protection - 1. Preservation of the effectiveness and survivability of mission-related military and nonmilitary personnel, equipment, facilities, information, and infrastructure deployed or located within or outside the boundaries of a given operational area. 2. In space usage, active and passive defensive measures to ensure that United States and friendly space systems perform as designed by seeking to overcome an adversary’s attempts to negate them and to minimize damage if negation is attempted. See also mission-oriented protective posture; space control.
- protection - actions or measures taken to cover or shield from exposure, injury, or destruction includes such actions and measures needed to ensure protective reactions do not unnecessarily interfere with citizen’s freedoms and liberties.
protection - those capabilities necessary to secure the homeland against acts of terrorism and manmade or natural disasters. Protection capabilities include, but are not limited to, defense against WMD threats; defense of agriculture and food; critical infrastructure protection; protection of key leadership and events; border security; maritime security; transportation security; immigration security; and cybersecurity.
- protection of shipping - The use of proportionate force, when necessary for the protection of US flag vessels and aircraft, US citizens (whether embarked in US or foreign vessels), and their property against unlawful violence.
- protection order - an injunction or any other order issued for the purpose of preventing violent or threatening acts or harassment against, or contact or communication with or physical proximity to, another person, including temporary and final orders issued by civil or criminal courts (other than support or child custody orders) whether obtained by filing an independent action or as a pendente lite order in another proceeding so long as any civil order was issued in response to a complaint, petition, or motion filed by or on behalf of a person seeking protection.
- protection schema - An outline detailing the type of access users may have to a database or application system, given a users need-to-know, e.g., read, write, modify, delete, create, execute, and append.
- protection schema - An outline detailing the type of access users may have to a database or application system, given a users need-to-know, e.g., read, write, modify, delete, create, execute, and append.
- protective action - step taken before, during, or after an incident designed to prevent, minimize, or contain impact of incident methods for selecting the best actions within the time constraints of a fast-moving emergency; measures describe preparations taken before an emergency situation to
751 ensure implementation is possible during an emergency; includes decision-making and implementation issues to rapidly reduce the effects of an emergency situation or contamination.
- protective clothing - Clothing especially designed, fabricated, or treated to protect personnel against hazards.
- protective minefield - 1. In land mine warfare, a minefield employed to assist a unit in its local, close-in protection. 2. In naval mine warfare, a minefield emplaced in friendly territorial waters to protect ports, harbors, anchorages, coasts, and coastal routes. See also minefield.
- protective security officer - person that is a member of a facility security force and an element of a security post who has the training, equipment, and appropriate certifications to perform a specific security function.
- protest - Formal expression or statement of objection or disapproval of action taken by host country authorities against a detained, arrested, or imprisoned U.S. citizen.
- protocol - A set of established guidelines for actions (which may be designated by individuals, teams, functions, or capabilities) under various specified conditions.
- prototype - working model (physical, electronic, digital, analytical, etc.) deployed in a testing environment, of a product built to validate requirements, define the problem, or search for alternative solutions built for the purpose of a) assessing the feasibility of a new or unfamiliar technology; b) assessing or mitigating technical risk; c) validating requirements; d) demonstrating critical features; e) verifying a product; f) validating a product; g) determining enabling product readiness; h) characterizing performance or product features; or i) discovering physical principles.
- proven practices - Methods and activities that are tried and true including, but not limited to best practice.
- provided by the United States Government - foreign assistance provided by means of gift, loan, sale, credit, or guaranty.
- provider - An agency, private sector, or public reimbursable source that is performing, or will perform, a commercial activity; sometimes referred to as a service provider.
- providing department - the Department of Veterans Affairs, in the case of care or services furnished by a facility of the Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Department of Defense, in the case of care or services furnished by a facility of the Department of Defense.
- provincial reconstruction team - A civil-military team designed to improve stability in a given area by helping build the legitimacy and effectiveness of a host nation local or provincial government in providing security to its citizens and delivering essential government services. Also called PRT.
- provisional rate - a temporary indirect cost rate applicable to a specified period which is used for funding, interim reimbursement, and reporting indirect costs on Federal awards pending the establishment of a final rate for that period.
- provisioned IT service - an information technology service that is owned, operated, and provided by an outside vendor or external government organization, and consumed by the agency.
- proxy bomber - person (unwitting or coerced) who acts as a means of delivery of an IED (suicide bomber).
- psychiatric disorders - diseases of the nervous system which affect mental health.
- psychological consequence - effect of an incident, event, or occurrence on the mental or emotional state of persons or groups resulting in a change in perception and/ or behavior.
- psychologist - an individual who-(A) holds a doctoral degree in psychology; and (B) is licensed or certified on the basis of the doctoral degree in psychology, by the State in which the individual practices, at the independent practice level of psychology to furnish diagnostic, assessment, preventive, and therapeutic services directly to individuals.
- psychosocial support - care that addresses the ongoing psychological and social problems that affect individuals, their partners, families, and caregivers in order to alleviate suffering, strengthen social ties and integration, provide emotional support, and promote coping strategies.
- psychosocial support - includes care that addresses the ongoing psychological and social problems that affect individuals, their partners, families, and caregivers in order to alleviate suffering, strengthen social ties and integration, provide emotional support, and promote coping strategies.
- public - In public affairs, a segment of the population with common attributes to which a military force can tailor its communication. See also external audience; internal audience.
- public - Non-U.S.-government audience(s).
- public accommodation facility - any inn, hotel, motel, or other establishment that provides lodging to transient guests.
- public affairs - Communication activities with external and internal audiences. Also called PA. See also command information; public information.
- public affairs assessment - An analysis of the news media and public environments to evaluate the degree of understanding about strategic and operational objectives and military activities and to identify levels of public support. See also assessment; public affairs.
- public affairs guidance - Constraints and restraints established by proper authority regarding public communication activities. Also called PAG. See also public affairs.
- public agency - the Government of the United States; the government of a State or political subdivision thereof; any agency of the United States (including the United States Postal Service and Postal Regulatory Commission), a State, or a political subdivision of a State; or any interstate governmental agency.
- public and private entity - any individual, corporation, partnership, firm, association, agricultural cooperative, public- or investor-owned utility, public or private institution or group, any State or local government agency, or any other domestic entity.
- public and private partners of universities - entities that have cooperative or contractual agreements with universities, which may include formal or informal associations of universities, other education institutions, United States Government and State agencies, private voluntary organizations, nongovernmental organizations, firms operated for profit, nonprofit organizations, multinational banks, and, as designated by the Administrator, any organization, institution, or agency incorporated in other countries.
- public announcement - An agency’s formal declaration that the agency has made a (1) decision to
753 perform a streamlined or standard competition, or (2) performance decision in a streamlined or standard competition. The CO makes these announcements via FedBizOpps.gov. House, OMB, Circular A‐76 )
- public assistance - Federal, State, or local government cash payments for which eligibility is determined by a needs or income test.
- public assistance cost allocation plan - a narrative description of the procedures that will be used in identifying, measuring and allocating all administrative costs to all of the programs administered or supervised by State public assistance agencies.
public benefit- (i) a benefit accrued to the public, including Amtrak, in the form of enhanced mobility of people or goods, environmental protection or enhancement, congestion mitigation, enhanced trade and economic development, improved air quality or land use, more efficient energy use, enhanced public safety or security, reduction of public expenditures due to improved transportation efficiency or infrastructure preservation, and any other positive community effects as defined by the Secretary; and (ii) shall be determined on a project-by-project basis, based upon an agreement between the parties.
- public building - any building which is open to the public during normal business hours.
- public care institution - a public or nonprofit institution which owns- (A) a facility for long term care, a rehabilitation facility, or a public health center or (B) a residential child care center.
- public cash assistance, means tested benefits - a. In the public charge context, public cash assistance for income maintenance includes- (1) Supplemental Security Income (SSI); (2) Cash Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), but not including supplemental cash benefits or any non- cash benefits provided under TANF; and(3) State and local cash assistance programs that provide for income maintenance (often called general assistance). b. These types of assistance are sometimes also referred to as means tested benefits. c. See 9 FAM 302.8 for additional information on public charge ineligibilities.
- public charge - a. an alien, after admission into the United States, is likely to become primarily dependent on the U.S. Government for subsistence. This means either- (1) The receipt of public cash assistance for income maintenance; or (2) Institutionalization for long-term care at U.S. Government expense. Short-term confinement in a medical institution for rehabilitation does not constitute primary dependence on the U.S. Government for subsistence.
- public communication - Appearances and/ or publications for a public audience, including engagement with press/ media organizations.
- public corporation - a State, political subdivision thereof, a municipality, a public agency of a State, political subdivision thereof, or municipality, or a corporate municipal instrumentality of one or more States.
- public defender - an attorney who- (A) is continually licensed to practice law; and(B) is- (i) a full-time employee of a State or unit of local government who provides legal representation to indigent persons in criminal or juvenile delinquency cases (including supervision, education, or training of other persons providing such representation); (ii) a full-time employee of a nonprofit organization operating under a contract with a State or unit of local government, who devotes substantially all of the employee's full-time employment to providing legal representation to indigent persons in criminal or juvenile delinquency cases (including supervision, education, or training of other persons providing such representation); or (iii) employed as a full-time Federal defender attorney in
754 a defender organization established that provides legal representation to indigent persons in criminal or juvenile delinquency cases.
- public diplomacy - 1. Those overt international public information activities of the United States Government designed to promote United States foreign policy objectives by seeking to understand, inform, and influence foreign audiences and opinion makers, and by broadening the dialogue between American citizens and institutions and their counterparts abroad. 2. In peace building, civilian agency efforts to promote an understanding of the reconstruction efforts, rule of law, and civic responsibility through public affairs and international public diplomacy operations.
- public diplomacy - Programs, policies, and actions supporting the achievement of U.S. foreign policy goals and objectives, advancing national interests, and enhancing national security by informing and influencing foreign publics and by expanding and strengthening the relationship between the people and government of the United States and citizens of the rest of the world. (see also Strategic Communications).
- public document - A document issued by, under the authority of, or filed with a government organization, e.g., court orders, identification documents, birth certificates, etc.
public filer- (1) Each officer or employee in the Department, including a special government employee, whose position is classified above a GS-15, or the basic rate of pay for which is fixed, other than under the GS, at a rate equal to or greater than 120 percent of the minimum rate of basic pay for GS- 15 (including Senior Executive Service and Senior Foreign Service employees); or (2) An employee not otherwise described in subparagraph (1) of this definition who is in a position in the executive branch which is excepted from the competitive service by reason of being of a confidential or policy-making character (NOTE - this includes Schedule C appointees and limited noncareer political appointees), unless otherwise excepted.
- public health - the protection, improvement and promotion of the health and safety of all people. For example, public health databases include spatial data on mortality and natality events, infectious and notifiable diseases, incident cancer cases, behavioral risk factor and tuberculosis surveillance, hazardous substance releases and health effects, hospital statistics and other similar data.
- public health - The science and practice of protecting and improving the overall health of the community through disease prevention and early diagnosis, control of communicable diseases, health education, injury prevention, sanitation, and protection from environmental hazards.”
- public health center - a publicly owned facility for the provision of public health services, including related publicly owned facilities such as laboratories, clinics, and administrative offices operated in connection with such a facility.
- public health emergency - An infectious-disease outbreak; natural disaster; or chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear event.
- public health emergency of international concern - An “extraordinary event” that is determined, as provided under the International Health Regulations, “to constitute a public health risk to other States through the international spread of disease; and to potentially require a coordinated
755 international response” National Health Security Strategy Implementation Plan, 2015‐2018, Terms )
- public health emergency of international concern - An extraordinary event that is determined to constitute a public health risk to other states through the international spread of disease and to potentially require a coordinated international response. Also called PHEIC.
- public health pesticide - any minor use pesticide product registered for use and used predominantly in public health programs for vector control or for other recognized health protection uses, including the prevention or mitigation of viruses, bacteria, or other microorganisms (other than viruses, bacteria, or other microorganisms on or in living man or other living animal) that pose a threat to public health.
- public information - any information, regardless of form or format, that an agency discloses, disseminates, or makes available to the public.
- public information - Processes, procedures, and systems for communicating timely, accurate, accessible information on an incident’s cause, size, and current situation; resources committed; and other matters of general interest to the public, responders, and additional stakeholders (both directly affected and indirectly affected).
- public information - Within public affairs, information of a military nature, the dissemination of which is consistent with security and approved for public release.
- Public Information Officer - A member of the Command Staff responsible for interfacing with the public and media and/ or with other agencies with incident-related information requirements. Also called PIO.
- public involvement - the opportunity for participation by affected citizens in rulemaking, decision- making, and planning with respect to the public lands, including public meetings or hearings held at locations near the affected lands, or advisory mechanisms, or such other procedures as may be necessary to provide public comment in a particular instance.
- public key infrastructure - An enterprise-wide service that supports digital signatures and other public key-based security mechanisms for Department of Defense functional enterprise programs, including generation, production, distribution, control, and accounting of public key certificates. Also called PKI.
- public key infrastructure - Provides a verifiable association between a public key (the public component of an asymmetric key pair) and the identity (and/ or other attributes) of the holder of the corresponding private key (the private component of that pair).
- public land conveyance (patent) records - records that describe all past, current, and future, right, title, and interest in real property. This is a system of storage, retrieval and dissemination of documents describing the right, title, and interest of a parcel.
- public lands - such lands and interest in lands owned by the United States as are subject to private appropriation and disposal under public land laws.
- public officer - a person who is either elected to public office or who is directly appointed by a person elected to public office.
- public official - an employee of the Department of State who has the authority by law, rule, or regulation, or to whom the authority has been delegated, to appoint, employ, promote, or advance individuals, or to recommend individuals for appointment, employment, promotion, or advancement in connection with employment in the Department of State.
- public or nonprofit institution - an institution owned and operated by- (A) a State, a political subdivision of a State or an agency or instrumentality of either, or (B) an organization exempt from income tax under.
public or nonprofit private entities that provide health or social services to disadvantaged
- populations - community-based organizations, local public health departments, community action agencies, hospitals, community health centers, child welfare agencies, developmental disabilities service providers, and family resource and support programs.
- public reimbursable source - A service provider from a federal agency that could perform a commercial activity for another federal agency on a fee-for-service or reimbursable basis by using either civilian employees or federal contracts with the private sector.
- public reimbursable tender - A federal agency’s formal response to another federal agency’s solicitation for offers or tenders.
- public trust position - position, at the moderate or high risk level involving a significant degree of public trust such as policy making or major program responsibilities, fiduciary responsibility, law enforcement positions, public safety and health duties. public trust positions - Positions designated at either the high, moderate, or low risk level as determined by the position's potential for adverse impact to the integrity and efficiency of the Service. Positions at the high or moderate risk levels are referred to as public trust positions and, generally, involve - policy making, major program responsibility, public safety and health, law enforcement duties, fiduciary responsibilities, or other duties/ responsibilities demanding a significant degree of public trust. Public trust positions also involve access to, operation of, or control of proprietary systems of information (e.g., financial or personal records), with a significant risk for causing damage to people, programs or an agency, or for realizing personal gain. The low risk positions are, generally, referred to as non-sensitive positions.
- public unmanned aircraft system - an unmanned aircraft system that meets the qualifications and conditions required for operation of a public aircraft.
- public vessel - a governmental vessel that is not in commercial service. It should be noted that a sovereign-controlled foreign-flag vessel that is engaged in commercial service is not a public vessel and is subject to maritime safety and environment laws.
- public vessel - a vessel owned or bareboat chartered and operated by the United States, by a State or political subdivision thereof, or by a foreign nation, except when such vessel is engaged in commerce.
- public vessel - a vessel owned or bareboat chartered and operated by the United States, or by a foreign nation, except when the vessel is engaged in commerce.
- public vessel - a vessel owned or bareboat-chartered and operated by the United States, or by a State or political subdivision thereof, or by a foreign nation, except when such vessel is engaged in commerce.
- public vessel - a vessel that- (A) is owned, or demise chartered, and operated by the United States
757 Government or a government of a foreign country; and (B) is not engaged in commercial service. Code 46, §2101 )
- public water system - a system for the provision to the public of water for human consumption through pipes or other constructed conveyances, if such system has at least fifteen service connections or regularly serves at least twenty-five individuals. Such term includes (i) any collection, treatment, storage, and distribution facilities under control of the operator of such system and used primarily in connection with such system, and (ii) any collection or pretreatment storage facilities not under such control which are used primarily in connection with such system.
- public water system - collection, treatment, storage, or distribution facility for the provision of piped water for human consumption, provided that the system for which it exists meets these minimum criteria: 15 service connections or regular daily service for a total of 60 days per year to 25 individuals.
- public water system supervision program - a program for the adoption and enforcement of drinking water regulations (with such variances and exemptions from such regulations under conditions and in a manner which is not less stringent than the conditions under, and the manner in, which variances and exemptions may be granted) which are no less stringent than the national primary drinking water regulations, and for keeping records and making reports required.
public welfare- (1) the financial ability of the individual jurisdictions participating in the compact to pay for the costs of providing public transit services; and (2) the average per capita tax burden, during the term of the collective bargaining agreement to which the arbitration relates, of the residents of the Washington metropolitan area, and the effect of an arbitration award rendered under that arbitration on the respective income or property tax rates of the jurisdictions that provide subsidy payments to the interstate compact agency established under the compact.
- public work - any fixed improvement or any project, whether or not fixed, involving construction, alteration, removal or repair for the public use of the United States or its allies, including but not limited to projects or operations under service contracts and projects in connection with the national defense or with war activities, dredging, harbor improvements, dams, roadways, and housing, as well as preparatory and ancillary work in connection therewith at the site or on the project.
- publication - Any prepared written communication presenting views or ideas for public dissemination, including but not limited to books, articles, papers, text of oral remarks, letters to the editor, and digital or online posts, including social media.
- publication - intended to mean in printed form as books, but does not exclude other forms of dissemination, including e-books, the Office of the Historian website, or other publishing technologies.
- publicity agent - any person who engages directly or indirectly in the publication or dissemination of oral, visual, graphic, written, or pictorial information or matter of any kind, including publication by means of advertising, books, periodicals, newspapers, lectures, broadcasts, motion pictures, or otherwise.
- publicly available data - Data from international inspectorates (such as the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons), defector reports, news media, and various sources on the Internet.
- publicly available information - unclassified information that has been published or broadcasted in some manner to the general public, is available to the public by subscription or purchase, could lawfully be seen or heard by a casual observer, is made available at a meeting open to the public, or is obtained by visiting any place or attending any event that is open to the public.
- publicly traded security - any equity security (including an option on individual equity securities, and an option on a group or index of such securities) listed, or admitted to unlisted trading privileges, on a national securities exchange, or quoted in an automated interdealer quotation system.
- public-relations counsel - any person who engages directly or indirectly in informing, advising, or in any way representing a principal in any public relations matter pertaining to political or public interests, policies, or relations of such principal.
- public-use forms - Documents used by members of the public to submit information to the Department. Public-use forms are defined as information collections under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) (see definition above). You must obtain approval from OMB before using such forms. A/ GIS/ DIR manages the OMB approval process.
- publish - To disseminate a publication.
- publisher - a publisher of college textbooks or supplemental materials involved in or affecting interstate commerce.
- publishing and distribution services - Provides information through print, graphics and other digital media. Also provides centralized editorial, graphic, reproduction, offset printing, and CD-ROM replication.
- pull switch - switch that functions when an individual applies tension to a firing mechanism – such as pulling a spring.
- pulse crop - dry beans, dry peas, lentils, and chickpeas.
- purchase data - all of the applicable data, including weight (if purchased live), for all swine purchased during the applicable reporting period, regardless of the expected delivery date of the swine, reported by- (A) hog class; (B) type of purchase; and (C) packer-owned swine.
- purchase or sale of a security-based swap - the execution, termination (prior to its scheduled maturity date), assignment, exchange, or similar transfer or conveyance of, or extinguishing of rights or obligations under, a security-based swap, as the context may require.
- purchase order - an offer by the Government to buy supplies or services, including construction and research and development, upon specified terms and conditions, using simplified acquisition procedures.
- purchase price - The cost paid to a vendor in exchange for an item of property, exclusive of shipping, packing, and storage costs.
- purchasing group - any group of persons which has as one of its purposes the purchase of pollution liability insurance on a group basis.
- purpose of improvised explosive device - immediate or direct tactical effect of the IED.
- pyrotechnic delay - pyrotechnic device added to a firing system which transmits the ignition flame after a predetermined delay.
- pyrotechnic timing switch - timing switch using a burning fuse with a known burn rate to start the
759 initiation train. Terms )