- racial and ethnic minority group - American Indians (including Alaska Natives, Eskimos, and Aleuts); Asian Americans; Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders; Blacks; and Hispanics.
- radiation - ionizing radiation in the form of (A) alpha particles; (B) beta particles; (C) neutrons; (D ) gamma rays; or (E) accelerated ions or subatomic particles from accelerator machines.
- radiation detection equipment - any technology that is capable of detecting or identifying nuclear and radiological material or nuclear and radiological explosive devices.
- radiation dose - The total amount of ionizing radiation absorbed by material or tissues. See also exposure dose.
- radiation dose rate - Measurement of radiation dose per unit of time.
- radiation exposure status - Criteria to assist the commander in measuring unit exposure to radiation based on total past cumulative dose, normally expressed in centigray. Also called RES.
- radiation source - (A) a Category 1 Source or a Category 2 Source, as defined in the Code of Conduct; and (B) any other material that poses a threat such that the material is, as determined by the Commission, by regulation, other than spent nuclear fuel and special nuclear materials.
- radicalization - process through which an individual changes from a non-violent belief system to a belief system that includes the willingness to actively advocate, facilitate, or use unlawful violence as a method to effect societal or political change.
- radio controlled improvised explosive device - improvised explosive device (IED) initiated electronically in a wireless method consisting of a transmitter and receiver (i.e. personal mobile radio (PMR), cell phone, cordless phone, pager, etc. )
- radio controlled switch - switch initiated electronically by wireless means consisting of a transmitter / receiver.
- radio frequency countermeasures - Any device or technique employing radio frequency materials or technology that is intended to impair the effectiveness of enemy activity, particularly with respect to precision guided weapons and sensor systems. Also called RF CM.
- radio frequency sensor - sensor that passively detects radio frequency signals and power, usually operating within a specific range, in order to function an improvised explosive device.
- radiofrequency shielding - The application of materials to surfaces of a building, room, or a room within a room, that makes the surface largely impervious to electromagnetic energy. As a technical security countermeasure, it is used to contain or dissipate emanations from information processing equipment and to prevent interference by externally generated energy. Also called RF shielding.
- radiological - emitting radiant energy in the form of particles or rays, as alpha, beta, and gamma rays, by the spontaneous disintegration of atomic nuclei usually used for peaceful purposes such as X-ray machines, but may be used in weaponry to cause harm.
- radiological dispersal device - An improvised assembly or process, other than a nuclear explosive device, designed to disseminate radioactive material in order to cause destruction, damage, or injury. Also called RDD.
- radiological dispersal device - improvised assembly or process, other than a nuclear explosive device, designed to disseminate radioactive material in order to cause destruction, damage, or injury.
- radiological exposure device - A radioactive source placed to cause injury or death. Also called RED.
765 JP 3‐11 )
- radiological improvised explosive device enhancement - radioactive materials that cause casualties or restrict the use of terrain when dispersed by an explosive charge that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED).
- radiological materials - Americium-241, Californium-252, Cesium-137, Cobalt-60, Iridium-192, Plutonium-238, Radium-226, Strontium-90, Curium-244, and irradiated items containing such materials, or other materials designated by the Secretary of Energy.
- raid - An operation to temporarily seize an area in order to secure information, confuse an adversary, capture personnel or equipment, or to destroy a capability culminating with a planned withdrawal.
- rail carrier - a person providing common carrier railroad transportation for compensation, but does not include street, suburban, or interurban electric railways not operated as part of the general system of rail transportation.
- rail properties - assets or rights owned, leased, or otherwise controlled by a railroad (or a person owned, leased, or otherwise controlled by a railroad) which are used or useful in rail transportation service; except that the term, when used in conjunction with the phrase railroads leased, operated, or controlled by a railroad in reorganization, shall not include assets or rights owned, leased, or otherwise controlled by a Class I railroad which is not wholly owned, operated, or leased by a railroad in reorganization but is controlled by a railroad in reorganization.
- railhead - A point on a railway where loads are transferred between trains and other means of transport.
railroad- (A) a bridge, car float, lighter, ferry, and intermodal equipment used by or in connection with a railroad; (B) the road used by a rail carrier and owned by it or operated under an agreement; and (C) a switch, spur, track, terminal, terminal facility, and a freight depot, yard, and ground, used or necessary for transportation. railroad- (A) any form of nonhighway ground transportation that runs on rails or electromagnetic guideways, including- (i) commuter or other short-haul railroad passenger service in a metropolitan or suburban area and commuter railroad service that was operated by the Consolidated Rail Corporation on January 1, 1979; and (ii) high speed ground transportation systems that connect metropolitan areas, without regard to whether those systems use new technologies not associated with traditional railroads; but (B) does not include rapid transit operations in an urban area that are not connected to the general railroad system of transportation.
- railroad employee - Any person in the service, for compensation, of one or more of the Nations railroad employers including an officer of such employer.
- railroad employer - An interstate railroad or affiliate engaged in railroad-connected operations. Employer associations, national railroad labor organizations, and subordinate units are also railroad employers.
- railroad frontline employees - security personnel, dispatchers, locomotive engineers, conductors, trainmen, other onboard employees, maintenance and maintenance support personnel, bridge tenders, and any other employees of railroad carriers that the Secretary determines should receive security training under this subchapter.
- range - a designated land or water area that is set aside, managed, and used for range activities of the Department of Defense. Such term includes the following: (A) Firing lines and positions, maneuver areas, firing lanes, test pads, detonation pads, impact areas, electronic scoring sites, buffer zones with restricted access, and exclusionary areas. (B) Airspace areas designated for military use in
766 accordance with regulations and procedures prescribed by the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration.
range activities- (A) research, development, testing, and evaluation of military munitions, other ordnance, and weapons systems; and(B) the training of members of the armed forces in the use and handling of military munitions, other ordnance, and weapons systems.
- range condition - the quality of the land reflected in its ability in specific vegetative areas to support various levels of productivity in accordance with range management objectives and the land use planning process, and relates to soil quality, forage values (whether seasonal or year round), wildlife habitat, watershed and plant communities, the present state of vegetation of a range site in relation to the potential plant community for that site, and the relative degree to which the kinds, proportions, and amounts of vegetation in a plant community resemble that of the desired community for that site.
- range improvement - any activity or program on or relating to rangelands which is designed to improve production of forage; change vegetative composition; control patterns of use; provide water; stabilize soil and water conditions; and provide habitat for livestock and wildlife. The term includes, but is not limited to, structures, treatment projects, and use of mechanical means to accomplish the desired results.
- rangelands or public rangelands - lands administered by the Secretary of the Interior through the Bureau of Land Management or the Secretary of Agriculture through the Forest Service in the sixteen contiguous Western States on which there is domestic livestock grazing or which the Secretary concerned determines may be suitable for domestic livestock grazing.
- rangers - Rapidly deployable airborne light infantry organized and trained to conduct highly complex joint direct action operations in coordination with or in support of other special operations units of all Services.
- rank - the order of precedence among members of the armed forces.
- rank - the order of precedence among members of the armed forces.
- rape - (A) the carnal knowledge, oral sodomy, sexual assault with an object, or sexual fondling of a person, forcibly or against that person's will; (B) the carnal knowledge, oral sodomy, sexual assault with an object, or sexual fondling of a person not forcibly or against the person's will, where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his or her youth or his or her temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity; or (C) the carnal knowledge, oral sodomy, sexual assault with an object, or sexual fondling of a person achieved through the exploitation of the fear or threat of physical violence or bodily injury.
- rapid global mobility - The timely movement, positioning, and sustainment of military forces and capabilities across the range of military operations. See also mobility.
- rapid response - Reacting to current events that effect the political transition in a timely manner to widen the window of opportunity, keep that window from closing, open a new window, or some combination of the three. Since timing is critical, the response should happen in as little as days if possible.
- rare disease - any disease or condition that affects less than 200,000 persons in the United States.
- rare pediatric disease - a disease that meets each of the following criteria: (A) The disease is a serious or life-threatening disease in which the serious or life-threatening manifestations primarily affect individuals aged from birth to 18 years, including age groups often called neonates, infants, children, and adolescents. (B) The disease is a rare disease or condition.
- rate - a rate or charge for transportation.
- rate - any (A) price, rate, charge, or classification made, demanded, observed, or received with respect to sale of natural gas to a gas consumer, (B) any rule, regulation, or practice respecting any such rate, charge, or classification, and (C) any contract pertaining to the sale of natural gas to a gas consumer.
- rate - the name (such as chief boatswain's mate) prescribed for members in the same rating or other category who are in the same grade (such as chief petty officer or seaman apprentice).
- ratemaking authority - authority to fix, modify, approve, or disapprove rates.
- rater of record - first-level supervisor who prepares the employee’s performance plan with input from the employee, conducts progress reviews, and prepares any interim evaluations and the final rating of record.
- rating - the name (such as boatswain's mate) prescribed for members of an armed force in an occupational field.
- rating and ranking - Determining best-qualified candidates based on the degree each candidate meets the ranking factors (KSAs/ competencies) of the position.
- rating official - supervisor who is responsible for assessing an employee's performance as part of the annual performance appraisal process and develops the initial summary rating for the employee’s performance appraisal.
- rationalization - Any action that increases the effectiveness of allied forces through more efficient or effective use of defense resources committed to the alliance.
- raw ivory - any African elephant tusk, and any piece thereof, the surface of which, polished or unpolished, is unaltered or minimally carved.
- reachback - The process of obtaining products, services, and applications, or forces, or equipment, or material from organizations that are not forward deployed.
- re-acquired assets - assets held by the institution prior to the applicable effective dates stipulated above that have again come to be held by the institution, whether through repurchase or refinancing. It does not include assets acquired to replace older assets.
- re-acquired assets - assets held by the non-profit organization prior to September 29, 1995 that have again come to be held by the organization, whether through repurchase or refinancing. It does not include assets acquired to replace older assets.
- reader - device used in an access control system to interrogate an electronic, magnetic, or optical type credential.
- readily available inventories - stocks and supplies of petroleum products which can be distributed or used without affecting the ability of the importer or refiner to operate at normal capacity; such term
768 does not include minimum working inventories or other unavailable stocks. 42, §6232 )
- readiness - condition of being prepared and capable to act or respond as required.
- readiness - The ability of military forces to fight and meet the demands of assigned missions. See also national military strategy.
- readiness - the ability to serve Veterans and eligible beneficiaries now and on a day-to-day routine basis.
- ready reserve - The Selected Reserve and Individual Ready Reserve liable for active duty as prescribed by law. See also active duty; Individual Ready Reserve; Selected Reserve.
- ready-to-load date - The date when a unit will be ready to move from the origin, i.e., mobilization station. Also called RLD.
- real economic growth - the growth in the gross national product during such fiscal year, adjusted for inflation, consistent with Department of Commerce.
- real effective exchange rate - a weighted average of bilateral exchange rates, expressed in price-adjusted terms.
- real interest rate - An interest rate that has been adjusted to remove the effect of expected or actual inflation. Real interest rates can be approximated by subtracting the expected or actual inflation rate from a nominal interest rate. (A precise estimate can be obtained by dividing one plus the nominal interest rate by one plus the expected or actual inflation rate, and subtracting one from the resulting quotient. )
- real or constant dollar values - Economic units measured in terms of constant purchasing power. A real value is not affected by general price inflation. Real values can be estimated by deflating nominal values with a general price index, such as the implicit deflator for Gross Domestic Product or the Consumer Price Index.
- real property - A parcel or plot of land and structures contained thereon, including, but not limited to, offices, garages, warehouses, residences, schools, and recreational facilities.
- real property - land, including land improvements, structures and appurtenances thereto, but excludes movable machinery and equipment.
- real property - Lands, buildings, structures, utilities systems, improvements, and appurtenances, thereto that includes equipment attached to and made part of buildings and structures, but not movable equipment.
- real property - property that includes land, structures, and buildings; as well as anything affixed to the land includes warehouses, office buildings, production and maintenance facilities, roads and infrastructure (i.e., water, sewage, electrical, etc.); excludes objects that can be removed such as equipment or furnishings.
- real property application - Automated information system designed to support- (1) Local planning, operation, management, and control of U.S. Government-held real property abroad; and (2) Management and reporting requirements of the Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations (OBO). Also called RPA.
- real time crime center - analytic-driven center located in law enforcement agencies that utilize technological and analytical capabilities to provide real-time information to officers responding to service calls and developing situations.
- realignment - any action which both reduces and relocates functions and civilian personnel positions.
- realistic military training - Department of Defense training conducted off federal property utilizing private or non-federal public property and infrastructure.
- real-time patient data - Current patient information provided by a field technician at the patient location to a physician or health care facility at a remote site, potentially for the purpose of assisting the physician to make a better informed decision on patient treatment and/ or transport.
- real-time public reporting - to report data relating to a security-based swap transaction, including price and volume, as soon as technologically practicable after the time at which the security-based swap transaction has been executed.
- real-time public reporting - to report data relating to a swap transaction, including price and volume, as soon as technologically practicable after the time at which the swap transaction has been executed.
- real-time seismic warning system - a system that issues warnings in real-time from a network of seismic sensors to a set of analysis processors, directly to receivers related to high-risk activities.
- reasonable accommodation - Reasonable accommodation is a change in the work environment or in the application process that would enable a person with a disability to enjoy equal employment opportunities.
- reasonable accommodation or modification conducted program or activity - change or modification in the program or operation that would enable a qualified person with a disability to enjoy an equal opportunity to participate in and benefit from a program or activity and that would not result in a fundamental alteration or financial and administrative burdens.
reasonable and necessary expenses- (A) public and private agency fees, including adoption fees charged by an agency in a foreign country; (B) placement fees, including fees charged adoptive parents for counseling; (C) legal fees (including court costs) in connection with services that are unavailable to a member of the Coast Guard; and (D) medical expenses, including hospital expenses of the biological mother of the child to be adopted and of a newborn infant to be adopted.
- reasonable assurance - A judgment by Department management based upon available information that the systems of management controls are operating as the FMFIA intended. Reasonable assurance equates to a satisfactory level of confidence under given considerations of costs, benefits, and risks.
- reasonable belief - articulable, objectively reasonable conclusion given the circumstances presented.
- reasonable further progress - such annual incremental reductions in emissions of the relevant air pollutant as are required by this part or may reasonably be required by the Administrator for the purpose of ensuring attainment of the applicable national ambient air quality standard by the applicable date.
- reasonably allocate - to apportion in a manner appropriate to the circumstances.
- reasonably allocate - to apportion in a manner that would be appropriate under generally accepted accounting principles.
- reasonably allocate - to apportion in a manner that would be appropriate under generally accepted accounting principles.
- reasonably allocate - to apportion in a manner that would be appropriate under generally accepted accounting principles.
- reassignment personnel - change of an employee from one position to another without promotion or change to lower grade.
- reattack recommendation - An assessment, derived from the results of battle damage assessment and munitions effectiveness assessment, providing the commander systematic advice on reattack of a target. Also called RR. See also assessment; battle damage assessment; munitions effectiveness assessment; target.
- reauthorization - the risk determination and risk acceptance decision that occurs after an initial authorization. In general, reauthorization actions may be time-driven or event-driven; however, under ongoing authorization, reauthorization is typically an event-driven action initiated by the authorizing official or directed by the Risk Executive (function) in response to an event that drives risk above the previously agreed-upon agency risk tolerance.
- recalcitrant cancer - a cancer for which the five-year relative survival rate is below 50 percent.
- recapture auditing - A documented review of financial records and supporting documentation that is specifically designed to identify and recover overpayments.
- recaptured visas - a visa that is known to have not been used (e.g., the bearer died or was unable to travel during the validity period). Such visas should be recaptured and the visa number returned to the Department unless the same applicant wants to replace his or her visa during the same fiscal year.
- receipt of goods or services - The signature acknowledgment that goods ordered have been received or that services have been performed. This acknowledgment is the basis for approval.
- receiving country - the country to which a child adopted abroad is brought by the child’s adoptive family. For Hague visa cases, the receiving country is the United States.
- receiving report - A record that materials ordered were received. This may take the form of a Form DS- 127, Receiving and Inspection Report. Receiving reports must be in English and indicate the item cost in U.S. currency, the relevant obligation/ contract/ DOSAR number, the serial number if applicable, and note any damage or discrepancies.
- receiving report - written evidence that indicates Government acceptance of supplies delivered or services performed.
- receiving ship - The ship in a replenishment unit that receives the rig(s).
- recency - As it pertains to past performance information, is a measure of the time that has elapsed since the past performance reference occurred. Recency is generally expressed as a time period during which past performance references are considered relevant.
- recently separated veteran - any veteran during the three-year period beginning on the date of such veteran's discharge or release from active duty.
- recently separated veteran - any veteran who applies for participation under this Act within 48 months after the discharge or release from active military, naval, or air service.
- reception - 1. All ground arrangements connected with the delivery and disposition of air or sea drops. 2. Arrangements to welcome and provide secure quarters or transportation for defectors, escapees, evaders, or incoming agents. 3. The process of receiving, off-loading, marshalling, accounting for, and transporting of personnel, equipment, and materiel from the strategic and/ or intratheater deployment phase to a sea, air, or surface transportation point of debarkation to the marshalling area.
- reception and Placement - the arrival and initial resettlement services provided to refugees on arrival in the United States by voluntary resettlement agencies under cooperative agreement with the Department. Also called R&P.
- recertified payment - A payment of a new numbered (not a substitute) replacement check issued to a recipient based on a claim of nonreceipt, loss, theft, destruction, or mutilation of an original check. Such payments may be vouchered at the disbursing offices discretion at any point prior to or during the claims process. The check will be issued charging a valid Department of State appropriation.
- recipient - a non-Federal entity that expends Federal awards received directly from a Federal awarding agency to carry out a Federal program.
- recipient - A non-Federal entity that expends Federal awards received directly from a Federal-awarding agency to carry out a Federal program.
- recipient - a State or Indian tribe that receives a Federal transit program grant directly from the Government.
- recipient - an organization receiving financial assistance directly from Federal awarding agencies to carry out a project or program. The term includes public and private institutions of higher education, public and private hospitals, and other quasi-public and private non-profit organizations such as, but not limited to, community action agencies, research institutes, educational associations, and health centers. The term may include commercial organizations, foreign or international organizations (such as agencies of the United Nations) which are recipients, subrecipients, or contractors or subcontractors of recipients or subrecipients at the discretion of the Federal awarding agency. The term does not include government-owned contractor-operated facilities or research centers providing continued support for mission-oriented, large-scale programs that are government-owned or controlled, or are designated as federally-funded research and development centers.
- reciprocity security information - recognition and acceptance of another federal agency’s investigation or adjudication determination that meets the national standards, barring any exception or newly developed information.
- recognition - 1. The determination by any means of the individuality of persons, or of objects such as aircraft, ships, or tanks, or of phenomena such as communications-electronics patterns. 2. In ground combat operations, the determination that an object is similar within a category of something already known.
- recognition signal - Any prearranged signal by which individuals or units may identify each other.
- recognized amount - liability amount reported on the financial statement using systematic recognition.
- recognized interoperability standards - interoperability standards recognized by the Secretary of Health and Human Services (the Secretary), in accordance with guidance developed by the Secretary, as existing on the date of the implementation, acquisition, or upgrade of health information technology systems.
- recognized postsecondary credential - a credential consisting of an industry-recognized certificate or certification, a certificate of completion of an apprenticeship, a license recognized by a State or the Federal Government, or an associate or baccalaureate degree.
- recognized postsecondary credential - a credential consisting of an industry-recognized certificate or certification, a certificate of completion of an apprenticeship, a license recognized by the State involved or Federal Government, or an associate or baccalaureate degree.
- recombinant DNA - recombinant or synthetic nucleic acid molecules (DNA and/ or RNA) that: i) a) are constructed by joining nucleic acid molecules and b) can replicate in a living cell; ii) nucleic acid molecules that are chemically or otherwise synthesized or amplified, including those that are synthesized but can base pair with naturally occurring nucleic acid molecules; or iii) molecules that result from the replication of those described in (i) or (ii).
- recommendation - A statement in an OIG report requiring action by the addressee organizations or officials to correct a deficiency or need for change or improvement identified in the report.
- recommending official - The supervisor or official over a Civil or Foreign Service position who would normally be responsible for making a selection to fill a vacant position.
- reconciliation - Action taken to rectify discrepancies between the physical inventory and accountable property records.
- reconciliation, cashier - The process of comparing the cashiers unofficial accountability with the official accountability report from the USDO.
- reconnaissance - A mission undertaken to obtain, by visual observation or other detection methods, information about the activities and resources of an enemy or adversary, or to secure data concerning the meteorological, hydrographic, or geographic characteristics of a particular area.
- reconstitution - The process by which personnel resume normal operations from the original operating facility or from a replacement location.
record- (A) an official written transcript, written summary, or other writing relating to the proceedings; or (B) an official audiotape, videotape, or similar material from which sound, or sound and visual images, depicting the proceedings may be reproduced.
- record - All books, papers, maps, photographs, machine readable materials, or other documentary materials, regardless of physical form or characteristics, made or received by an agency of the U.S. Government under Federal law or in connection with the transaction of public business and preserved or appropriate for preservation by that agency or its legitimate successor as evidence of the organization, functions, policies, decisions, procedures, operations or other activities of the U.S. Government or because of the informational value of the data they contain. (Documents may be subject to a legal hold even if they do not meet the definition of record. )
- record (as defined by the Privacy Act) - Any item, collection, or grouping of information about an individual that is maintained by a Federal agency, including, but not limited to, his or her education,
773 financial transactions, medical history, and criminal or employment history and that contains his or her name, or the identifying number, symbol, or other identifying particular assigned to the individual, such as a finger or voice print or a photograph. FAM 463 )
- record copy - Official document (paper or electronic) on official State Department business; includes copies of attachment(s) or enclosure(s), and original initials of drafter and clearance officer(s).
- record material - All books, papers, maps, photographs, or other documentary materials, regardless of physical form or characteristics, made or received by the U.S. Government in connection with the transaction of public business and preserved or appropriated by an agency or its legitimate successor as evidence of the organization, functions, policies, decisions, procedures, or other activities of any agency of the U.S. Government, or because of the informational data contained therein.
- record of decision EPA - formal decision document recorded for the public that describes the remedial action plan selected for a Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act site and contains the signatory approval of the applicable Environmental Protection Agency Regional Administrator to implement the remedy.
- record of environmental consideration - internal administrative document that records the results of the environmental planning and historic preservation (EP&HP) review for a specific proposal that is covered by a DHS categorical exclusion prepared and maintained in the environmental planning and historic preservation decision support system (EP&HP DSS).
- record of proceedings - official file containing documents related to an alien’s case may be created by the administrative agency reviewing an application or petition, or in removal proceedings by the immigration judge
- record retention period - length of time that record must be kept.
- record schedule guide - printed agency manual or directive containing descriptions of and disposition instructions for all documentary materials, record and non- record, created by a federal agency or major component of an executive department.
- record series - file units or documents arranged according to a filing or classification system records kept together because the files or documents relate to a particular subject or function, result from the same activity, document a specific kind of transaction, take a particular physical form, or have some other relationship arising out of the creation, receipt, or use, such as restrictions on access and use.
- record traffic - Official written correspondence such as a letter, telegram, memorandum, email, or other permanent form that records, documents, or sets down in writing a way of preserving knowledge or information.
- recordable contract - a contract between the Secretary and a landowner in writing capable of being recorded under State law providing for the sale or disposition of lands held in excess of the ownership limitations of Federal reclamation law including this subchapter.
- recordkeeping requirement - statement in statute, regulation, and agency directive or other authoritative issuances that provide general or specific requirements for federal agency personnel on particular records to be created and maintained by the agency.
- records - All books, papers, maps, photographs, machine readable materials, or other documentary materials, regardless of physical form or characteristics, made or received by an agency of the U.S. Government under Federal law or in connection with the transaction of public business and preserved or appropriate for preservation by that agency or its legitimate successor as evidence of
774 the organization, functions, policies, decisions, operations or other activities of the Government or because of the informational value of the data they contain.
- records - all recorded information, regardless of form or characteristics, made or received by a Federal agency under Federal law or in connection with the transaction of public business and preserved or appropriate for preservation by that agency or its legitimate successor as evidence of the organization, functions, policies, decisions, procedures, operations, or other activities of the United States Government or because of the informational value of data in them.
- records - the records of an agency and Presidential papers or Presidential records, including those created or maintained by a government contractor, licensee, certificate holder, or grantee that are subject to the sponsoring agency's control under the terms of the contract, license, certificate, or grant.
- records and supporting documents - with respect to an exported good under paragraph (2), records and documents related to the origin of the good, including- (i) the purchase, cost, and value of, and payment for, the good; (ii) the purchase, cost, and value of, and payment for, all materials, including indirect materials, used in the production of the good; and (iii) the production of the good in the form in which it was exported.
- records custodian - person that is a records caretaker, generally administrative staff, responsible for file set-up, preparing records for archiving, ensuring proper file codes are assigned, etc.
- records disposition - actions taken regarding records no longer needed for the conduct of the regular current business of the agency.
- records disposition authority - legal authorization for the retention and disposal of records.
- records disposition schedule - A document describing, providing instructions for, and approving the disposition of records. It includes the type of disposition (destroy, retire, transfer), and when such action is to be taken.
- records having permanent historical value - Presidential papers or Presidential records and the records of an agency that the Archivist has determined should be maintained permanently in accordance with title 44, United States Code.
- records liaison - person that provides guidance to staff members about records issues, policies, and requirements within their business area may also be a records custodian. records maintenance and use - activity involving location of records of a federal agency or the storage, retrieval, and handling of records kept at office file locations by or for a federal agency.
- records management - planning, controlling, directing, organizing, training, promoting, and other managerial activities involved with respect to records creation, records maintenance and use, and records disposition in order to achieve adequate and proper documentation of the policies and transactions of the Federal Government and effective and economical management of agency operations.
- records management - The planning, controlling, directing, organizing, training, promoting, and other managerial activities involved in records creation, maintenance and use, and disposition in order to achieve adequate and proper documentation of the policies and transactions of the Federal Government and effective and economical management of agency operations.
- records management - the planning, controlling, directing, organizing, training, promoting, and other managerial activities involved with respect to records creation, records maintenance and use, and
775 records disposition in order to achieve adequate and proper documentation of the policies and transactions of the Federal Government and effective and economical management of agency operations. Code 50, §3161 )
- records management - the planning, controlling, directing, organizing, training, promoting, and other managerial activities involved with respect to records creation, records maintenance and use, and records disposition in order to achieve adequate and proper documentation of the policies and transactions of the Federal Government and effective and economical management of agency operations.
- records management accession - procedure by which National Archives and Records Administration
- records of a board - Documents and information, in any form, that are used or produced by a Board and which a Board believes should be included in its official records.
- records schedule approval - approval by the National Archives and Records Administration required for schedules before implementation.
- recourse - The annotation consular officers use when signing an EMDA, Repatriation or similar loan on behalf of an applicant unable for some valid reason to sign for himself or herself. It indicates the signing consular officer is NOT liable for any or all of the debt, even if uncollectible from the recipient.
- recoverable - the capability and likelihood of being recovered from solid waste for a commercial or industrial use.
- recoverable waste energy - waste energy from which electricity or useful thermal energy may be recovered through modification of an existing facility or addition of a new facility.
- recovered check - A check returned by any means to the possession of a Department of State certifying or disbursing officer after Form SF-1184, Unavailable Check Cancellation, action has been taken.
- recovered goods - materials in the form of individual parts that are the result of- (A) the disassembly of used goods into individual parts; and (B) the cleaning, inspecting, testing, or other processing that is necessary for improvement to sound working condition of such individual parts.
- recovered goods - materials in the form of individual parts that are the result of- (A) the disassembly of used goods into individual parts; and (B) the cleaning, inspecting, testing, or other processing that is necessary for improvement to sound working condition of such individual parts.
- recovered goods - materials in the form of individual parts that are the result of- (A) the disassembly of used goods into individual parts; and (B) the cleaning, inspecting, testing, or other processing that is necessary for improvement to sound working condition of such individual parts.
- recovered material - waste material and byproducts which have been recovered or diverted from solid waste, but such term does not include those materials and by products generated from, and commonly reused within, an original manufacturing process.
- recovered material - waste materials and byproducts recovered or diverted from solid waste for reuse excludes materials and byproducts generated from, and commonly reused within, an original manufacturing process.
- recovered material - waste materials and by-products recovered or diverted from solid waste, but the term does not include those materials and by-products generated from, and commonly reused within, an original manufacturing process.
- recovered material certification - written documentation provided by offerors, bidders, and vendors certifying that the percentage of recovered materials contained in products or to be used in the performance of a contract is at least the percentage required by applicable specifications or other contractual requirements.
- recovered material estimation - quantitative determination made by vendors of the total percentage of recovered material contained in offered products.
- recovered material verification - procedures used by procuring agencies to confirm both vendors’ estimates and the certification of the percentage of recovered material contained in products supplied to the agencies or to be used in the performance of a contract.
recovered mineral component- (A) ground granulated blast furnace slag, excluding lead slag; (B) coal combustion fly ash; and (C) any other waste material or byproduct recovered or diverted from solid waste that the Administrator, in consultation with an agency head, determines should be treated as recovered mineral component for use in cement or concrete projects paid for, in whole or in part, by the agency head.
- recovered resources - material or energy recovered from solid waste.
- recovery - 1. In air (aviation) operations, that phase of a mission that involves the return of an aircraft to a land base or platform afloat. 2. The retrieval of a mine from the location where emplaced. 3. In personnel recovery, actions taken to physically gain custody of isolated personnel and return them to friendly control.
- recovery - The development, coordination, and execution of service- and site-restoration plans; the reconstitution of government operations and services; individual, private-sector, nongovernmental, and public-assistance programs to provide housing and to promote restoration; long-term care and treatment of affected persons; additional measures for social, political, environmental, and economic restoration; evaluation of the incident to identify lessons learned; post incident reporting; and development of initiatives to mitigate the effects of future incidents.
- recovery - those capabilities necessary to assist communities affected by an incident to recover effectively, including, but not limited to, rebuilding infrastructure systems; providing adequate interim and long-term housing for survivors; restoring health, social, and community services; promoting economic development; and restoring natural and cultural resources.
- recovery and reconstitution - 1. Those actions taken by one nation prior to, during, and following an attack by an enemy nation to minimize the effects of the attack, rehabilitate the national economy, provide for the welfare of the populace, and maximize the combat potential of remaining forces and supporting activities. 2. Those actions taken by a military force during or after operational employment to restore its combat capability to full operational readiness. See also recovery.
- recovery community organization - an independent nonprofit organization that- (1) mobilizes resources within and outside of the recovery community to increase the prevalence and quality of long-term recovery from substance use disorders; and (2) is wholly or principally governed by people in recovery for substance use disorders who reflect the community served.
- recovery mechanism - An indigenous or surrogate infrastructure that is specifically developed, trained, and directed by United States forces to contact, authenticate, support, move, and exfiltrate
777 designated isolated personnel from uncertain or hostile areas back to friendly control. Also called RM. JP 3‐50 )
- recovery operations - Operations conducted to search for, locate, identify, recover, and return isolated personnel, human remains, sensitive equipment, or items critical to national security.
- recovery point objective - The point in time to which data must be recovered after an outage.
- recovery site - In personnel recovery, an area from which isolated personnel can be recovered. See also escapee; evader; evasion.
- recovery team - In personnel recovery, designated United States or United States-directed forces, that are specifically trained to operate in conjunction with indigenous or surrogate forces, and are tasked to contact, authenticate, support, move, and exfiltrate isolated personnel. Also called RT.
- recovery time objective - The overall length of time an information systems components can be in the recovery phase before negatively impacting the organizations mission or mission/ business functions.
- recovery vehicle - In personnel recovery, the vehicle on which isolated personnel are boarded and transported from the recovery site.
- recovery - development, coordination, and execution of service- and site-restoration plans.
- recreational vessel - a class of vessel whose primary purpose is for pleasure.
- recreational vessel - a vessel-(A) being manufactured or operated primarily for pleasure; or (B) leased, rented, or chartered to another for the latter's pleasure.
- recreational vessel manufacturer - a person engaged in the manufacturing, construction, assembly, or importation of recreational vessels, components, or associated equipment.
- recruitment - any act of recruitment, enlistment, or conscription into an armed group or armed force or any attempt or conspiracy to recruit, enlist, or conscript into an armed group or armed force, even if the relevant action occurred during peace time and the child was never involved in combat or other military activities related to combat.
- recurrent training - training provided that occurs on a scheduled basis to update an employee’s information and skills, or to maintain qualifications and certifications.
- recurring detail - permanent position that is committed to be filled consistently and on a rotating basis with an incoming or outgoing detailee.
- recyclability - ability or degree to which a product or material may be recovered or otherwise diverted from the solid-waste stream for the purpose of recycling.
- recycled material - material utilized in place of raw or virgin material in product manufacturing consists of materials derived from postconsumer waste, industrial scrap, or agricultural waste, and other items, all of which can be used in new product manufacture.
recycled oil- (A) used oil from which physical and chemical contaminants acquired through use have been removed by re-refining or other processing, or (B) any blend of oil, consisting of such re- 778 refined or otherwise processed used oil and new oil or additives, with respect to which the manufacturer has determined, is substantially equivalent to new oil for a particular end use. FEMA, US Code 42, §6363 )
- recycled oil - any used oil which is reused, following its original use, for any purpose (including the purpose for which the oil was originally used). Such term includes oil which is re-refined, reclaimed, burned, or reprocessed.
- recycled rubber - any crumb rubber derived from processing whole scrap tires or shredded tire material taken from automobiles, trucks, or other equipment owned and operated in the United States.
recycled wool- (1) the resulting fiber when wool has been woven or felted into a wool product which, without ever having been utilized in any way by the ultimate consumer, subsequently has been made into a fibrous state, or (2) the resulting fiber when wool or reprocessed wool has been spun, woven, knitted, or felted into a wool product which, after having been used in any way by the ultimate consumer, subsequently has been made into a fibrous state.
- recycling - a means by which Posts can recover and re-use non-appropriated funds from English language activities which ordinarily would have reverted to the U.S. Treasury. Funds from two distinct sources can be recycled. (1) Proceeds from the sale of ECA-produced English teaching materials; and (2) Proceeds from Embassy-sponsored English teaching programs.
- recycling - series of activities, including collection, separation, and processing, through which products or other materials are recovered from the solid-waste stream and transformed into new products implies the storage, collection, sorting, processing, and remanufacturing steps required between the point of waste generation and the completion of manufacture or production of the new products.
- RED - In cryptographic systems, refers to information or messages that contain sensitive or classified information not encrypted. (See also BLACK. )
- red team - An organizational element comprised of trained and educated members that provide an independent capability to fully explore alternatives in plans and operations in the context of the operational environment and from the perspective of adversaries and others.
- red/ black concept - Red indicates data prior to encryption or after decryption. Black indicates data that has been encrypted or before decryption.
- red/ black concept - Separation of electrical and electronic circuits, components, equipment and systems that handle unencrypted information (Red), in electrical form, from those that handle encrypted information (Black) in the same form.
- red/ black separation - The requirement for physical spacing between RED and BLACK processing systems, and their components, including signal and power lines.
- redeployment - The transfer or rotation of forces and materiel to support another joint force commander’s operational requirements, or to return personnel, equipment, and materiel to the home and/ or demobilization stations for reintegration and/ or out-processing. See also deployment.
- redevelopment authority - any entity (including an entity established by a State or local government ) recognized by the Secretary of Defense as the entity responsible for developing the redevelopment plan with respect to the installation or for directing the implementation of such plan. redevelopment plan - a plan that- (A) is agreed to by the redevelopment authority with respect to the installation; and (B) provides for the reuse or redevelopment of the real property and personal property of the installation that is available for such reuse or redevelopment as a result of the closure
779 of the installation.
- redress - under these Guidelines means the policies and procedures established by the Department of State for addressing complaints about privacy, civil liberties, and/ or civil rights arising from the sharing of protected information within the ISE.
- reduced leave schedule - a leave schedule that reduces the usual number of hours per workweek, or hours per workday, of an employee.
- reduced operating status - Military Sealift Command ships withdrawn from full operating status because of decreased operational requirements. Also called ROS. See also Military Sealift Command.
- reduction - measures designed to reduce or eliminate human exposure to lead-based paint hazards through methods including interim controls and abatement.
- reduction - The creation of lanes through a minefield or obstacle to allow passage of the attacking ground force.
- reduction in force - Separation of an employee required by the agency because of lack of work or funds, abolition of position or agency, or cuts in personnel authorizations. Also called RIF.
- redundancy - additional or alternative systems, sub-systems, assets, or processes that maintain a degree of overall functionality in case of loss or failure of another system, sub-system, asset, or process.
- redundant control capability - Use of active or passive replacement, for example, throughout the network components (i.e., network nodes, connectivity, and control stations) to enhance reliability, reduce the threat of single point-of-failure, enhance survivability, and provide excess capacity.
- reemployment priority - A mandatory program which gives selection priority to former permanent competitive service employees who were separated by RIF or fully recovered from a compensable injury after more than one year of absence due to the injury.
- reenter and reentry - to return or attempt to return, purposefully, a reentry vehicle and its payload or human beings, if any, from Earth orbit or from outer space to Earth.
- reentry - The return of a prisoner to open society, and the process through which the individual often needs to pass to adjust to live outside confinement.
reentry services - (A) activities involved in the preparation of a reentry vehicle and payload, crew
- reentry site - the location on Earth to which a reentry vehicle is intended to return (as defined in a license the Secretary issues or transfers under this chapter).
- reentry vehicle - a vehicle designed to return from Earth orbit or outer space to Earth, or a reusable launch vehicle designed to return from Earth orbit or outer space to Earth, substantially intact.
- reference/ research service - services provided by library staff to meet the information needs of users, in person, by telephone, or electronically include, but are not limited to, answering questions, instructing users in the selection and use of appropriate tools and techniques for finding information, conducting searches on behalf of the customer, directing users to the location of library resources, assisting in the evaluation of information, and referring patrons to resources outside the library when
- refined petroleum products - diesel, gasoline, jet fuel (including naphtha-type and kerosene-type jet fuel), and aviation gasoline.
- refiner - a person with the ability to take delivery of crude helium from the Federal Helium Pipeline and refine the crude helium into pure helium.
- refiner - any person engaged in the production or importation of automotive fuel.
- refiner - any person who owns, operates, or controls the operation of any refinery.
- refit - a plant closure, for purposes of plant conversion or retooling that lasts at least 3 months.
- refraction - The process by which the direction of a wave is changed when moving into shallow water at an angle to the bathymetric contours.
- refugee - a person outside his or her country of origin and is unwilling or unable to return because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on one of five grounds - race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. Persons who have ordered, incited, assisted, or otherwise participated in the persecution of others are excluded from the refugee definition. (See INA 101(a)(42) for full definition, and 9 FAM 203 for additional information on refugees. )
- refugee - A person who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his or her nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country. See also dislocated civilian; displaced person; evacuee; stateless person.
- refugee - status granted to an individual prior to departure for and arrival in the United States that has been determined by competent authority to be fleeing persecution or have a well-founded fear of persecution in their own country because of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion includes: (A) any person who is outside any country of such person's nationality or, in the case of a person having no nationality, is outside any country in which such person last habitually resided, and who is unable or unwilling to return to, and is unable or unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of, that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion, or (B) in such special circumstances as the President after appropriate consultation may specify, any person who is within the country of such person's nationality or, in the case of a person having no nationality, within the country in which such person is habitually residing, and who is persecuted or who has a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.
- refugee processing center - the central data repository for all overseas and domestic refugee resettlement operations, located in Arlington, Virginia. Under PRM/ A, the RPC manages the Worldwide Refugee Admissions Processing System (WRAPS). Also called RPC.
- regimental landing team - A task organization for landing composed of an infantry regiment reinforced by those elements that are required for initiation of its combat function ashore.
- regional air defense commander - Commander, subordinate to the area air defense commander, who is responsible for air and missile defenses in the assigned region and exercises authorities as delegated by the area air defense commander. Also called RADC.
- regional center - any economic unit, public or private, which is involved with the promotion of economic growth, including increased export sales, improved regional productivity, job creation, and increased capital investment. This can include entities ranging from a state government agency to a consortium of exporters, specifically an entity benefiting a particular geographic region of the United States. If the new commercial enterprise is engaged indirectly or directly in lending money to job-creating businesses, such job-creating businesses must be located within the geographic limits of the regional center to help improve regional productivity. In addition, to be eligible for the reduced minimal capital requirement, such a money-lending enterprise may only lend money to businesses located within targeted areas.
- regional computer security officer - Regional computer security officers conduct assessments of posts' cybersecurity posture to ensure technical, management, and operational controls are implemented effectively to secure information and information systems. Also called RCSO.
- regional diplomatic courier officer - The supervising individual responsible for Diplomatic Courier operations of one of four Diplomatic Courier Service regional divisions located in Washington, D.C., Miami, Frankfurt, and Bangkok. Also called RDCO.
- regional Disbursing Officer - Department of the Treasury employees who serve as Directors of regional offices throughout the United States and are authorized to disburse funds for other government agencies.
- regional educational advising coordinator - A U.S. citizen professional based abroad who reports directly to ECA/ A/ S/ A and is responsible for training, needs assessment and other support for the educational advising operations within his or her assigned geographic region. Also called REAC.
- regional employer - an employer within a rural area.
- regional information sharing system - secure national intranet to facilitate law enforcement communications and information sharing nationwide.
- regional information sharing systems center - center supporting regional law enforcement, public safety, and homeland security efforts to combat major crimes and terrorist activity and promote officer safety by linking federal, state, local, and tribal criminal justice agencies through secure communications and providing information-sharing resources and analytical and investigative support.
- regional innovation cluster - a geographically bounded network of similar, synergistic, or complementary entities that: (A) are engaged in or with a particular industry sector and its related sectors; (B) have active channels for business transactions and communication; (C) share specialized infrastructure, labor markets, and services; and (D) leverage the region's unique competitive strengths to stimulate innovation and create jobs.
- regional jet - a passenger, turbofan-powered aircraft with a certificated maximum passenger seating capacity of less than 71.
- regional jet aircraft - a civil aircraft (A) powered by jet propulsion; and (B) designed to have a maximum passenger seating capacity of not less than 30 nor more than 75.
- regional multilateral development bank - the Inter-American Development Bank, the African
782 Development Bank, the African Development Fund, and the Asian Development Bank. US Code 22, §262p–5 )
- regional project - A group of six or more participants from multiple countries in the same geographic region. The Office of International Visitors initiates all RPs and shares the list of upcoming projects with missions prior to the nomination deadline. Typically, all countries within the geographic region may nominate candidates for an RP. An RP may be conducted in English or the language of the region. Also called RP.
- regional response coordination center - A standing facility that is activated to coordinate regional response efforts, until a joint field office is established and/ or the principal federal official, federal or coordinating officer can assume their National Response Framework coordination responsibilities. Also called RRCC.
- Regional Response Coordination Centers - Located in each Federal Emergency Management Agency
- regional satellite communications support center - United States Strategic Command operational element responsible for providing the operational communications planners with a point of contact for accessing and managing satellite communications resources. Also called RSSC.
- regional security officer - A security officer responsible to the chief of mission (ambassador), for security functions of all United States embassies and consulates in a given country or group of adjacent countries. Also called RSO.
- regional security officer - RSOs are Bureau of Diplomatic Security (DS) special agents. The lead officer in a regional security office is designated the RSO, and additional special agents are either deputy regional security officers (DRSOs) or assistant regional security officers (ARSOs). The RSO is responsible to the chief of mission at U.S. posts abroad. The RSO also receives management direction from DS through the Deputy Assistant Secretary and Assistant Director for International Programs (DS/ IP) or through the Deputy Assistant Security and Assistant Director for High Threat Programs (DS/ HTP). Also called RSO.
- regionalism - principle or system of defining a geographic area consisting of all or parts of 2 or more contiguous countries, States, counties, municipalities, or other local governmental jurisdictions or tribal entities for pooled resources or mutual-aid agreements; is also common within the collaboration of private-sector operations can be further described as a sense of common interest and identity across an extended area, involving multi-jurisdictional entities, to address areas of mutual needs and concerns.
Registered in the System for Award Management database — (1) The Contractor has entered all mandatory information, including the unique entity identifier and the Electronic Funds Transfer indicator (if applicable), the Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) code, as well as data required by the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006, into the SAM database; (2) The Contractor has completed the Core, Assertions, Representations and Certifications, and Points of Contact sections of the registration in the SAM database; (3) The Government has validated all mandatory data fields, to include validation of the Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The contractor will be required to provide consent for TIN validation to the Government as a part of the SAM registration 783 process; and (4) The Government has marked the record Active. Also called SAM.
registered traveler program - any program designed to expedite the travel of previously screened and known travelers across the borders of the United States.
- registrant - a person who has registered any pesticide pursuant to the provisions of this subchapter.
- registration information - the information reported in connection with the registration or licensing of brokers and dealers and their associated persons, including disciplinary actions, regulatory, judicial, and arbitration proceedings, and other information required by law, or exchange or association rule, and the source and status of such information.
- registry - database providing information describing and categorizing objects, but which does not contain the objects themselves.
- regression testing - testing of hardware and/ or software to assure correct performance after changes were made to a system/ equipment/ component that previously performed in a known manner.
- regular - enlistment, appointment, grade, or office in a regular component of an armed force.
- regular course of education of such a school - a graduate program in behavioral or mental health.
- regular member of a vanpool/ carpool - A direct-hire State permanent full-time, permanent part-time, full-time temporary, or part-time temporary employee who travels in a vanpool/ carpool for a minimum distance of one mile.
- regular minister of religion - one who as his customary vocation preaches and teaches the principles of religion of a church, a religious sect, or organization of which he is a member, without having been formally ordained as a minister of religion, and who is recognized by such church, sect, or organization as a regular minister.
- regular overtime work - overtime work scheduled in advance of an employee’s regularly scheduled administrative workweek.
- regularly scheduled administrative workweek - For full-time employees, the period within an administrative workweek when the employee is regularly scheduled to work. For part-time employees, a regularly scheduled administrative workweek is the officially prescribed days and hours within an administrative workweek during which the employee is regularly scheduled to work. An employees regularly scheduled administrative workweek includes the basic workweek plus any regularly scheduled overtime work.
- regularly scheduled overtime work - Overtime work that is part of an employees regularly scheduled administrative workweek; i.e., overtime work that is scheduled in advance of the start of the administrative workweek.
- regularly scheduled standby duty - a requirement for standby status on a fixed schedule in addition to the basic 40-hour workweek over a 3-month cycle.
- regularly scheduled work - Work that is scheduled in advance of the administrative workweek. Any work to which availability pay applies is excluded from the definition of regularly scheduled work.
regulated entities- (i) manufacturers, processors, wholesale distributors, or importers of consumer or 784 commercial products for sale or distribution in interstate commerce in the United States; or (ii) manufacturers, processors, wholesale distributors, or importers that supply the entities listed under clause (i) with such products for sale or distribution in interstate commerce in the United States. US Code 42, §7511b. )
- regulated item - any plastic ring carrier device that contains at least one hole greater than 1¾ inches in diameter which is made, used, or designed for the purpose of packaging, transporting, or carrying multipackaged cans or bottles, and which is of a size, shape, design, or type capable, when discarded, of becoming entangled with fish or wildlife.
- regulated lending institution - any bank, savings and loan association, credit union, farm credit bank, Federal land bank association, production credit association, or similar institution subject to the supervision of a Federal entity for lending regulation.
- regulation - any part of a statement of general or particular applicability of the Secretary designed to carry out, interpret, or prescribe law or policy.
- regulation statement - statement of general applicability and future effect, which is intended to have the force and effect of law, and is designed to implement, interpret, or prescribe law or policy, or to describe the procedure or practice requirements.
- regulatory function - the making, prescribing, issuing, or promulgating of a regulatory order; and includes (1) determining whether such making, prescribing, issuing, or promulgating is authorized or required by law, and (2) any action which is required or authorized to be performed before, after, or in connection with, such determining, making, prescribing, issuing, or promulgating.
- regulatory order - an order, marketing agreement, standard, permit, license, registration, suspension or revocation of a permit, license, or registration, certificate, award, rule or regulation, if it has the force and effect of law, and if it may be made, prescribed, issued, or promulgated only after notice and hearing or opportunity for hearing have been given.
- rehabilitated to the point of employability - rendered employable in an occupation for which a vocational rehabilitation program has been provided under this chapter.
- rehabilitation - Restoration of a prisoner to a good condition, state of good repute, or re-established respectability for recovering rights and privileges lost or forfeited because of or during imprisonment..
- rehabilitation facility - a facility which is operated for the primary purpose of assisting in the rehabilitation of disabled persons through an integrated program of- (1) medical evaluation and services, and(2) psychological, social, or vocational evaluation and services, under competent professional supervision, and in the case of which-(3) the major portion of the required evaluation and services is furnished within the facility; and (4) either (A) the facility is operated in connection with a hospital, or (B) all medical and related health services are prescribed by, or are under the general direction of, persons licensed to practice medicine or surgery in the State.
- rehabilitation technology - the systematic application of technologies, engineering methodologies, or scientific principles to meet the needs of and address the barriers confronted by individuals with disabilities in areas which include education, rehabilitation, employment, transportation, independent living, and recreation. The term includes rehabilitation engineering, assistive technology devices, and assistive technology services.
- rehabilitative care - Therapy that provides evaluations and treatment programs using exercises, massage, or electrical therapeutic treatment to restore, reinforce, or enhance motor performance and restores patients to functional health allowing for their return to duty or discharge from the Service. Also
785 called restorative care. See also patient movement policy; theater.
- rehabilitative services - such professional, counseling, and guidance services and treatment programs as are necessary to restore, to the maximum extent possible, the physical, mental, and psychological functioning of an ill or disabled person.
- rehearsal phase - In amphibious operations, the period during which the prospective operation is practiced. See also amphibious operation.
- reimbursable agreement (interagency) - A headquarters-level document that authorizes payment of a customer agency’s worldwide ICASS bill, including regional and headquarters-level charges not covered by post invoices. Customer agencies use the interagency reimbursement agreements as the basis for obligating and liquidating their ICASS payments. Service providers use interagency reimbursement agreements to recognize and record revenue.
- reimbursable detail - detail for which the employing agency is reimbursed by the gaining agency all of the costs associated with the detail of the person, unless otherwise specified and agreed to by both parties to the governing MOA.
- reimbursements - Payments made by one U.S. Government agency to another to liquidate accounts payable arising from purchases of goods or services by the performing agency on behalf of the reimbursing agency.
- reinforcing obstacles - Those obstacles specifically constructed, emplaced, or detonated through military effort and designed to strengthen existing terrain to disrupt, fix, turn, or block enemy movement. See also obstacle.
- reinstatement - The reemployment of a former Federal employee, who previously held a career or career conditional appointment with a Federal agency as a Federal employee on a permanent, competitive Federal appointment.
- reintegrate - In personnel recovery, the task of providing medical care and psychological decompression to allow the conduct of appropriate debriefings to ultimately return recovered personnel back to duty and their family.
- related activities - undertakings that are interdependent parts of an action either make possible or supports an action, or are induced or supported by an action or related activities.
- related equipment - equipment useful for enrichment of uranium in the isotope 235 and for extraction of fissile materials from irradiated fuel rods and other equipment designated by the Secretary of Energy.
- related persons - persons specified in any of the following subparagraphs: (A) Persons who are officers or directors of one another's businesses.(B) Persons who are legally recognized partners in business.(C) Persons who are employer and employee. (D) Persons one of whom owns, controls, or holds 25 percent or more of the outstanding voting stock or shares of the other. (E) Persons if 25 percent or more of the outstanding voting stock or shares of each of them is directly or indirectly owned, controlled, or held by a third person. (F) Persons one of whom is directly or indirectly controlled by the other. (G) Persons who are directly or indirectly controlled by a third person. (H) Persons who are members of the same family.
- relative - a husband, wife, domestic partner, father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, first cousin, nephew, niece, father-in-law, mother-in-law, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, brother-in- law, sister-in-law, stepfather, stepmother, stepson, stepdaughter, stepbrother, stepsister, half-brother,
786 or half-sister.
- relative - a spouse, ancestor, lineal descendant, or spouse of a lineal descendant.
- relative price - A price ratio between two goods as, for example, the ratio of the price of energy to the price of equipment.
- relative risk - measure of risk that represents the ratio of risks when compared to each other or a control.
- release - any spilling, leaking, emitting, discharging, escaping, leaching, or disposing from an underground storage tank into ground water, surface water or subsurface soils.
- release hazardous substance - spilling, leaking, emitting, discharging, escaping, leaching, or disposing of a substance from a UST or AST into groundwater, surface water, or soil.
- release version - particular version of a configuration item that is made available for a specific purpose
- release altitude - Altitude of an aircraft above the ground at the time of ordnance release.
- releaser - A user who sends or disseminates an archive message.
- relevancy - As it pertains to past performance information, is a measure of the extent of similarity between the service/ support effort, complexity, dollar value, contract type, and subcontract/ teaming or other comparable attributes of past performance examples and the source solicitation requirements; and a measure of the likelihood that the past performance is an indicator of future performance.
- relevant environment testing - environment that simulates, replicates, or actually contains those external factors, interfaces, operational and sustainment and support elements needed to exercise the test plans, scripts, and use cases/ data sets for the particular developmental or operational test.
- relevant executive branch agencies - the Department of State, the United States Agency for International Development, the Department of Health and Human Services (including its agencies and offices), and any other department or agency of the United States that participates in international HIV/ AIDS activities pursuant to the authorities of such department or agency or this Act.
- relevant Federal departments and agencies - the United States Agency for International Development, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Commerce, the Department of State, the Department of the Treasury, the Millennium Challenge Corporation, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the Peace Corps, the Office of the United States Trade Representative, the United States African Development Foundation, the United States Geological Survey, and any other department or agency specified by the President.
- relevant question - A polygraph question pertaining directly to the matter under investigation for which the examinee is being tested.
- reliability system - ability of a system to provide desired capability without failure, degradation, or demand on the support system includes the ability to perform required functions in routine and non-
787 routine and/ or unexpected circumstances.
- reliability, maintainability, and availability - discipline imposed on acquisitions to insure they are operationally ready for use when needed, will successfully perform assigned functions, and can be economically operated and maintained.is applicable to materiel systems; test measurement and diagnostic equipment, training devices; and facilities developed, produced, maintained, procured, or modified for use.
- relief in place - An operation in which, by direction of higher authority, all or part of a unit is replaced in an area by the incoming unit and the responsibilities of the replaced elements for the mission and the assigned zone of operations are transferred to the incoming unit.
- religious advisement - The practice of informing the commander on the impact of religion on joint operations to include, but not limited to: worship, rituals, customs, and practices of US military personnel, international forces, and the indigenous population; as well as the impact of military operations on the religious and humanitarian dynamics in the operational area.
- religious affairs - The combination of religious support and religious advisement.
- religious organization - a nonprofit religious organization.
- religious support - Chaplain-facilitated free exercise of religion through worship, religious and pastoral counseling services, ceremonial honors for the fallen, crisis intervention, and advice to the commander on ethical and moral issues, and morale as affected by religion. Also called RS. See also combatant command chaplain; command chaplain; religious support team.
- religious support team - A team, comprised of at least one chaplain and one enlisted support person, that works together in designing, implementing, and executing the command religious program. Also called RST. See also combatant command chaplain; command chaplain; religious support.
- religious vocation - as a formal lifetime commitment, through vows, investitures, ceremonies, or similar indicia, to a religious way of life. The religious denomination must have a class of individuals whose lives are dedicated to religious practices and functions, as distinguished from the secular members of the religions. Examples of individuals practicing religious vocations include nuns, monks, and religious brothers and sisters. See 9 FAM 502.5-2(C) for additional information on special immigrant classification as a religious worker.
- religious worker - Religious worker means an individual engaged in and, according to the denomination's standards, qualified for a religious occupation or vocation, whether or not in a professional capacity, or as a minister. House Report No. 101-723 defines Category II religious workers as those in occupations such as teachers.
- relocation site - A location identified to support the Departments Mission Critical Team (MCT) or a bureaus Bureau Emergency Action Team (BEAT). Some RSs are classified to ensure team safety and to maintain site integrity. It can also be referred to as an alternate facility or site. (See the term Alternate Facility or Site.) Also called RS.
- remain-behind equipment - Unit equipment left by deploying forces at their bases when they deploy.
- remand - To return to custody pending trial or further detention To send back a case to another court or agency for further action.
- remedial action - action intended to bring about or restore long-term environmental quality.
- remedial action cost estimating requirement - industry-accepted, parametric cost model used by several federal agencies.
- remediation - The act or process of remedying system or information assurance deficiencies, vulnerabilities, or weaknesses discovered and documented in due course of operational checks, controls, evaluations, or audits.
- remediation plan acquisition - tool facilitating the discussion of an acquisition program baseline
- remediation waste - solid and hazardous wastes and all media (including contaminated groundwater, surface water, soils, and/ or sediment) and debris managed when implementing a corrective action or remedial action.
- remedy - A Web-enabled incident/ problem reporting and tracking system used by IRM. A single form is used to enter a trouble ticket, a unique ticket number is automatically assigned when the ticket is successfully submitted, and tickets are stored in one universal database. The IT Service Center creates Remedy tickets and transfers tickets they cannot resolve to Tier II/ III action offices. Tier II/ III action offices provide skilled technical support in specific areas.
- remedy coordination official - the individual or entity in that executive agency who coordinates within that executive agency the administration of criminal, civil, administrative, and contractual remedies resulting from investigations of fraud or corruption related to procurement activities.
- remote (non-local) maintenance - Maintenance activities conducted by individuals communicating through an external network (e.g., the Internet) or an internal network from a non-Department facility (e.g., home computer).
- remote access - Refers to accessing Department SBU and/ or Unclassified networks, either domestically or abroad, from Department-owned or non Department-owned systems via a Department-approved remote access program (e.g., Global OpenNet (GO), or via a Department computer located in an employees home).
- remote diagnostic facility - An off-premise diagnostic, maintenance, and programming facility authorized to perform functions on the Department computerized telephone system via an external network trunk connection.
- remote processing - Refers to employees processing Department information on Department-owned or non Department-owned systems at non-Department facilities (e.g. home office).
- remote sensing space capabilities - to all remote sensing space systems, technology, components, products, data, services, and related information. In this context, space system consists of the spacecraft, the mission package(s), ground stations, data links, and associated command and control facilities and may include data processing and exploitation hardware and software.
- remotely driven conveyance - conveyance that can be remotely driven to the target for the purpose of delivering an improvised explosive device.
- removable media - Portable electronic storage media such as magnetic, optical, and solid state devices,
789 which can be inserted into and removed from a computing device and used to store text, video, audio, and image information. Examples include hard disks, zip drives, compact discs, thumb drives, pen drives, and similar USB or Thunderbolt connected storage devices. USAID, FAM, 12 FAM 091 )
- removable media - Portable electronic storage media such as magnetic, optical, and solid state devices, which can be inserted into and removed from a computing device and used to store text, video, audio, and image information. Examples include hard disks, zip drives, compact discs, thumb drives, pen drives, and similar USB or Thunderbolt connected storage devices.
- removal action - cleanup or removal of released hazardous substances from the environment may be taken in the event of: (1) a threatened release of hazardous substances into the environment; (2) the relapse or threat of release of hazardous substances; (3) the disposal of removed material; or (4) a necessity to prevent, minimize, or mitigate damage to the public health and welfare or the environment.
removal costs- (A) the costs of removal of oil or a hazardous substance that are incurred after it is discharged; and(B) in any case in which there is a substantial threat of a discharge of oil or a hazardous substance, the costs to prevent, minimize, or mitigate that threat.
- removal costs - the costs of removal that are incurred after a discharge of oil has occurred or, in any case in which there is a substantial threat of a discharge of oil, the costs to prevent, minimize, or mitigate oil pollution from such an incident.
- removal or remove - relocation, sale, scrapping, or other method of disposal.
- remove or removal - containment and removal of oil or a hazardous substance from water and shorelines or the taking of other actions as may be necessary to minimize or mitigate damage to the public health or welfare, including, but not limited to, fish, shellfish, wildlife, and public and private property, shorelines, and beaches.
- remove or removal - containment and removal of the oil or hazardous substances from the water and shorelines or the taking of such other actions as may be necessary to prevent, minimize, or mitigate damage to the public health or welfare, including, but not limited to, fish, shellfish, wildlife, and public and private property, shorelines, and beaches.
- render safe procedures - The portion of the explosive ordnance disposal procedures involving the application of special explosive ordnance disposal methods and tools to provide for the interruption of functions or separation of essential components of unexploded explosive ordnance to prevent an unacceptable detonation.
- render safe procedures — The portion of the explosive ordnance disposal procedures involving the application of special explosive ordnance disposal methods and tools to provide for the interruption of functions or separation of essential components of unexploded explosive ordnance to prevent an unacceptable detonation.
- rendezvous area - In an amphibious operation, the area in which the landing craft and amphibious vehicles rendezvous to form waves after being loaded, and prior to movement to the line of departure.
- renewable biomass – (per Presidential Executive Order 13134, August 16, 1999) any organic matter that is available on a renewable or recurring basis (excluding old-growth timber), including dedicated energy crops and trees, agricultural food and feed crop residues, aquatic plants, animal wastes, wood and wood residues, paper and paper residues, and other vegetative waste materials.
- renewable biomass - each of the following: (i) Planted crops and crop residue harvested from agricultural land cleared or cultivated at any time prior to December 19, 2007, that is either actively managed or fallow, and nonforested. (ii) Planted trees and tree residue from actively managed tree plantations on non-federal land cleared at any time prior to December 19, 2007, including land belonging to an Indian tribe or an Indian individual, that is held in trust by the United States or subject to a restriction against alienation imposed by the United States. (iii) Animal waste material and animal byproducts. (iv) Slash and pre-commercial thinnings that are from non-federal forestlands, including forestlands belonging to an Indian tribe or an Indian individual, that are held in trust by the United States or subject to a restriction against alienation imposed by the United States, but not forests or forestlands that are ecological communities with a global or State ranking of critically imperiled, imperiled, or rare pursuant to a State Natural Heritage Program, old growth forest, or late successional forest. (v) Biomass obtained from the immediate vicinity of buildings and other areas regularly occupied by people, or of public infrastructure, at risk from wildfire. (vi) Algae. (vii) Separated yard waste or food waste, including recycled cooking and trap grease.
- renewable chemical - a monomer, polymer, plastic, formulated product, or chemical substance produced from renewable biomass.
- renewable energy - electricity generated from- (A) a renewable energy source; or
- renewable energy - energy derived from- (A) a wind, solar, renewable biomass, ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal), geothermal, or hydroelectric source; or (B) hydrogen derived from renewable biomass or water using a renewable energy source.
- renewable energy - energy produced by solar, wind, biomass, landfill gas, ocean (including tidal wave, current, and thermal), geothermal, or MSW, or new hydroelectric-generation capacity achieved through increased efficiency or the addition of new capacity at an existing hydroelectric facility excludes renewable energy in a regulated utility company's portfolio.
- renewable energy - energy produced by solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, landfill gas, ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal), municipal solid waste, or new hydroelectric generation capacity achieved from increased efficiency or additions of new capacity at an existing hydroelectric project.
- renewable energy source - an energy conversion system fueled from a solar, wind, hydropower, biomass, or geothermal source of energy. renewable energy source - energy generated from renewable sources, including the following: (A) Solar, including electricity. (B) Wind.(C) Biomass.(D) Landfill gas. (E) Ocean, including tidal, wave, current, and thermal.(F) Geothermal, including electricity and heat pumps.(G) Municipal solid waste.(H) New hydroelectric generation capacity achieved from increased efficiency or additions of new capacity at an existing hydroelectric project. For purposes of this subparagraph, hydroelectric generation capacity is new if it was placed in service on or after January 1, 1999. (I) Thermal energy generated by any of the preceding sources.
- renewable energy sources – energy sources such as agriculture and urban waste, geothermal energy, solar energy, and wind energy.
- renewable energy system - a system of energy derived from- (aa) a wind, solar, biomass (including biodiesel), or geothermal source; or (bb) hydrogen derived from biomass or water using an energy source described in item (aa).
- renewable energy system - a system that- (i) produces usable energy from a renewable energy source; and (ii) may include distribution components necessary to move energy produced by such system to the initial point of sale.
renewable energy technology -(1) Technologies that use renewable energy to provide light, heat, cooling, or mechanical or electrical energy for use in facilities or other activities; or (2) The use of integrated whole-building designs that rely upon renewable energy resources, including passive solar design.
- renewable fuel - any fuel- (A) at least 85 percent of the volume of which consists of ethanol; or (B) any mixture of biodiesel and diesel or renewable diesel, determined without regard to any use of kerosene and containing at least 20 percent biodiesel or renewable diesel.
- renewable fuel - fuel that is produced from renewable biomass and that is used to replace or reduce the quantity of fossil fuel present in a transportation fuel.
- renewable-resource energy measure - a measure which modifies any building or industrial plant, the construction of which has been completed prior to August 14, 1976, if such measure has been determined by means of an energy audit or by the Secretary, to- (A) involve changing, in whole or in part, the fuel or source of the energy used to meet the requirements of such building or plant from a depletable source of energy to a nondepletable source of energy; and (B) be likely to reduce energy costs (as calculated on the basis of energy costs reasonably projected over time, as determined by the Secretary) in an amount sufficient to enable a person to recover the total cost of purchasing and installing such measure (without regard to any tax benefit or Federal financial assistance applicable thereto) within the period of- (i) the useful life of the modification involved, as determined by the Secretary, or (ii) 25 years after the purchase and installation of such measure, whichever is less. Such term does not include the purchase or installation of any appliance.
- renovation structure - modification of any existing structure, or portion thereof, that results in the disturbance of painted surfaces unless that activity is performed as part of an abatement.
- reorganization - The planned elimination or redistribution of work functions within an agency, normally announced in writing.
- repair - the restoration of a real property facility to such condition that it may effectively be used for its designated purpose. Repair may be an overhaul, reprocessing, or replacement of deteriorated component parts or materials. Repair includes services and/ or materials used for items of a minor nature such as repairs of broken water pipes; replacement of broken/ inoperable bathroom/ kitchen fixtures; repairs to windows, doors, wooden shelving; repairs to a building system such as heating, central air-conditioning, and mechanical systems; repairs to electrical systems (excluding any repair that would result in a change in the amount of electrical service to a building); and repairs to floors (excluding carpeting repair). These projects require no review by the Office of Design and Engineering, in the Directorate for Program Development, Coordination and Support, in the Bureau of Overseas Operations (OBO/ PDCS/ DE) and are exempt from permit requirements; however, technical assistance is available upon request. Post should be able to execute these maintenance activities without impairing regular routine and preventive maintenance programs.
- repair asbestos-containing material - returning damaged asbestos-containing material to an undamaged condition or to an intact state so as to prevent release of asbestos fibers
repair and rehabilitation- (i) the repair or rebuilding of a levee or other flood control structure, after the structure has been damaged by a flood, to the level of protection provided by the structure before the flood; but (ii) does not include—(I) any improvement to the structure; or (II) repair or rebuilding described in clause (i) if, in the normal course of usage, the structure becomes structurally unsound 792 and is no longer fit to provide the level of protection for which the structure was designed.
- repair cycle - The stages through which a repairable item passes from the time of its removal or replacement until it is reinstalled or placed in stock in a serviceable condition.
- repairable item - An item that can be reconditioned or economically repaired for reuse when it becomes unserviceable.
- repatriation - 1. The procedure whereby American citizens and their families are officially processed back into the United States subsequent to an evacuation. See also evacuation. 2. The release and return of enemy prisoners of war to their own country in accordance with the 1949 Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War.
- repayment contract - any contract providing for payment of construction charges to the United States.
- repeat intoxicated driver law - a State law or combination of laws or programs that provides, as a minimum penalty, that an individual convicted of a second or subsequent offense for driving while intoxicated or driving under the influence after a previous conviction for that offense shall — (A) receive, for a period of not less than 1 year— (i) a suspension of all driving privileges; (ii) a restriction on driving privileges that limits the individual to operating only motor vehicles with an ignition interlock device installed, unless a special exception applies; (iii) a restriction on driving privileges that limits the individual to operating motor vehicles only if participating in, and complying with, a 24-7 sobriety program; or (iv) any combination of clauses (i) through (iii); (B) receive an assessment of the individual's degree of abuse of alcohol and treatment as appropriate; and (C) receive— (i) in the case of the second offense — (I) an assignment of not less than 30 days of community service; or (II) not less than 5 days of imprisonment (unless the State certifies that the general practice is that such an individual will be incarcerated); and (ii) in the case of the third or subsequent offense— (I) an assignment of not less than 60 days of community service; or (II) not less than 10 days of imprisonment (unless the State certifies that the general practice is that such an individual will receive 10 days of incarceration).
- replacement - payment, reimbursement, replacement, or duplication or the expenses incident to payment, reimbursement, replacement, or duplication.
- replacement - the permanent removal of the water cooler and the installation of a lead free water cooler.
- replacement in kind - The provision of material and services for a logistic exchange of materials and services of equal value between the governments of eligible countries. Also called RIK.
- replacement value - The acquisition cost of the item plus a factor that reflects changes in the purchase power of the U.S. dollar (as set forth in the consumer price data prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, (U.S. Department of Labor).
- replanted crop - any agricultural commodity replanted on the same acreage as the first crop for harvest in the same crop year if the replanting is required by the terms of the policy of insurance covering the first crop.
- replenishment - The method of replacing the cashiers available money to be used for making payments and accommodation exchange.
- report (including testimony) - Any written expression of official views prepared by an agency on a pending bill for (1) transmittal to any committee, Member, officer or employee of Congress, or staff of any committee or Member, or (2) presentation as testimony before a congressional committee.
793 Also, any comment or recommendation on pending legislation included in an agency's annual or special report that an agency proposes to transmit to Congress, or any Member or committee, or to make available to any study group, commission, or the public. 19 )
- report of death - Form DS-2060, Report of the Death of an American Citizen Abroad, used to report the death of a U.S. citizen abroad.
- reportable food - an article of food (other than infant formula) for which there is a reasonable probability that the use of, or exposure to, such article of food will cause serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals.
- reportable incident - Any suspected or alleged violation of Department of Defense policy or of other related orders, policies, procedures or applicable law, for which there is credible information.
- reporting - Providing or rendering in the ACS system and by e-mail or cable as appropriate a formal account or statement of what was learned by observation and/ or investigation about - The arrest, detention, or imprisonment of a U.S. citizen Concerning the problems or difficulties encountered by such citizen An accounting of actions taken by the consular officer on that persons behalf or as instructed by the Department (CA/ OCS )
- reporting activity level - transactions in publicly traded securities at or above a level of volume, fair market value, or exercise value as shall be fixed from time to time by the Commission by rule, regulation, or order, specifying the time interval during which such transactions shall be aggregated.
- reporting costs - the providing of cost information to others.
- reporting day - a day on which- (A) a packer conducts business regarding livestock committed to the packer, or livestock purchased, sold, or slaughtered by the packer; (B) the Secretary is required to make information concerning the business described in subparagraph (A) available to the public; and (C) the Department of Agriculture is open to conduct business.
- repository - A specialized type of database containing metadata.
- representative - A lawyer appearing at the witness expense, or a lawyer who represents solely the interests of the witness testifying before an ARB. U.S. government lawyers who are obliged to represent the interests of their employer agencies are not exclusive representatives for purposes of these regulations.
- representative - A representative is defined in INA as an officer, official, or spokesman of an organization, and any person who directs, counsels, commands, or induces an organization or its members to engage in terrorist activity.
- representative - an officer, official, or spokesman of an organization, and any person who directs, counsels, commands, or induces an organization or its members to engage in terrorist activity.
- representative - the person or entity acting on behalf of such broker. Such a representative may be a recruiter, agent, independent contractor, or other international marriage broker or other person conveying information about or to a United States client or foreign national client, whether or not the person or entity receives remuneration.
- representative payee - A person, agency, organization or institution who receives and manages benefits on behalf of a child or an incapable adult beneficiary.
- representatives of directly affected employees - In the case of directly affected employees represented by a labor organization accorded exclusive recognition, a representative is an individual designated by that labor organization to represent its interests. In the case of directly affected employees not represented by a labor organization, a representative is an individual appointed by directly affected employees as their representative.
- reprimand - A written official rebuke, censure, or registration of disapproval of a specific action or actions by an employee, in writing.
- reprocessing and reprocess - the separation of irradiated nuclear materials and fission products from spent nuclear fuel.
- reprogramming - Shifting funds within an appropriation or fund account to use them for purposes other than those contemplated at the time of appropriation. Appropriations acts cite specific requirements or reprogramming thresholds which require a congressional notification.
- request for assistance - A request based on mission requirements and expressed in terms of desired outcome, formally asking the Department of Defense to provide assistance to a local, state, tribal, or other federal agency. Also called RFA.
- request for change - document detailing need for addition, modification, replacement, or removal of something may be recorded on paper or electronically.
- request for information - 1. Any specific time-sensitive ad hoc requirement for intelligence information or products to support an ongoing crisis or operation not necessarily related to standing requirements or scheduled intelligence production. 2. A term used by the National Security Agency/ Central Security Service to state ad hoc signals intelligence requirements. Also called RFI. See also intelligence.
- request for information - validated expression of need for information.
- request for information acquisition - type of procurement document whereby the buyer requests a potential seller to provide various pieces of information related to a product or service or seller capability.
- request for proposal - type of procurement document used to request proposals from prospective sellers of products or services.
- request to exit device - device that shunts a forced entry alarm when an individual exits through a portal.
- requesting agency - the agency that has the requirement for an interagency acquisition.
- required delivery date - The date that a force must arrive at the destination and complete unloading. Also called RDD.
- required form - in the form of mill product, such as bar, billet, wire, slab, plate or sheet, and in the grade appropriate for the production of- (A) a finished end item delivered to the Department of Defense; or (B) a finished component assembled into an end item delivered to the Department of Defense.
required primary health services- (i) basic health services which shall consist of- (I) health services related to family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics, or gynecology that are furnished by physicians and where appropriate, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurse midwives; 795
- required training - compulsory training that is occupational specific and/ or a training requirements identified to maintain a prescribed level of proficiency.
- required use - use of a government aircraft for the travel of an Executive Agency officer or employee, where the use of the government aircraft is required because of bona fide communications or security needs of the agency or exceptional scheduling requirements.
- requirement - condition or capability that must be met or possessed by a system, product, service, result, or component to satisfy a contract, standard, specification, or other formally imposed document includes the quantified and documented needs, wants, and expectations of the sponsor, customer, and other stakeholders.
- requirements creep - the addition of new technical or operational specifications after a requirements document is approved by the appropriate validation authority for the requirements document.
- requirements definition - the process of translating policy objectives and mission needs into specific requirements, the description of which will be the basis for awarding acquisition contracts for projects to be accomplished, work to be performed, or products to be delivered.
- requirements determination - All activities necessary to develop, consolidate, coordinate, validate, approve, and prioritize joint force contract support requirements.
- requirements development - The process of defining actual contract support requirements and capturing these requirements in acquisition ready contract support requirements packages.
- requirements document - a document produced in the requirements process that is provided for an acquisition program to guide the subsequent development, production, and testing of the program and that- (A) justifies the need for a materiel approach, or an approach that is a combination of materiel and non-materiel, to satisfy one or more specific capability gaps; (B) details the information necessary to develop an increment of militarily useful, logistically supportable, and technically mature capability, including key performance parameters; or (C) identifies production attributes required for a single increment of a program.
- requirements documents - All aspects of the request for proposal (RFP) that convey the needs of the U.S. Government to offerors, including the SOO, SOW, PWS, technical requirement documents, and system requirement documents.
- requirements generation - process through which requirements (and associated capability gaps) are initially identified by Sponsor-guided analysis and then subsequently staffed, reviewed and refined within Joint Requirements Integration and Management System (JRIMS) until they are validated or rejected by the Joint Requirements Council (JRC).
- requirements management - process through which the Joint Requirements Council (JRC) validates and prioritizes requirements validated requirements are then recommended for implementation and tracked and assessed through materiel and non-materiel implementation processes.
- requirements management system - A system for the management of theater and national imagery collection requirements that provides automated tools for users in support of submission, review, and validation of imagery nominations as requirements to be tasked on national or Department of
796 Defense imagery collection, production, and exploitation resources. Also called RMS. See also imagery.
- requirements sponsor - person that represents the operational needs of the Component and, ultimately, the end-users of the required system.
- requiring activity - A military or other designated supported organization that identifies and receives contracted support during military operations. See also supported unit.
- requiring office - The entity (for example, a program management office or other organizational entity ) responsible for translating user requirements into the requirements documents within the RFP that communicate those requirements to offerors.
- re-refined oil - used oil from which the physical and chemical contaminants acquired through previous use have been removed through a refining process. medical waste - any solid waste which is generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals, in research pertaining thereto, or in the production or testing of biologicals. Does not include any hazardous waste identified or listed under subchapter III or any household waste as defined in regulations under subchapter III.
- rescission - Legislation enacted by Congress canceling the availability of budgetary resources previously provided by law. The President may also propose rescissions whenever the President determines that all or part of any budget authority will not be needed to carry out the full objectives or scope of programs for which the authority was provided. Rescissions may also be proposed for fiscal policy or other reasons. Resources that are proposed by the President for rescission may be withheld from obligation for up to 45 calendar days of continuous session of the Congress (excluding an adjournment of more than 3 days on which either house is not in session) pending congressional action on the proposal. Rescissions can either be temporary or permanent.
- rescue combat air patrol - An aircraft patrol provided over that portion of an objective area in which recovery operations are being conducted for the purpose of intercepting and destroying hostile aircraft. Also called RESCAP. See also combat air patrol.
- rescue coordination center - A unit, recognized by International Civil Aviation Organization, International Maritime Organization, or other cognizant international body, responsible for promoting efficient organization of search and rescue services and coordinating the conduct of search and rescue operations within a search and rescue region. Also called RCC.
- research - any type of test, study, or analysis designed to advance the image, desirability, use, marketability, production, product development, or quality of an agricultural commodity.
- research - systematic study directed toward greater knowledge or understanding of the fundamental aspects of phenomena and/ or observable facts includes: interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the proposed practical applications of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws.
- research - The study of questions and hypotheses using the scientific method.
- research and development - activities comprising the creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications relevant stock of knowledge includes the knowledge of man, culture, and society.
- research and development - All research activities, both basic and applied, and all development activities that are performed by a non-Federal entity. Research is defined as a systematic study directed toward fuller scientific knowledge or understanding of the subject studied. The term research also includes activities involving the training of individuals in research techniques where such activities utilize the same facilities as other research and development activities and where such activities are not included in the instruction function. Also called R&D.
- research and development - all research activities, both basic and applied, and all development activities that are performed by a non-Federal entity. Research is defined as a systematic study directed toward fuller scientific knowledge or understanding of the subject studied. The term research also includes activities involving the training of individuals in research techniques where such activities utilize the same facilities as other research and development activities and where such activities are not included in the instruction function. Development is the systematic use of knowledge and understanding gained from research directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems, or methods, including design and development of prototypes and processes. Also called R&D. research and development - all research activities, both basic and applied, and all development activities that are supported at universities, colleges, and other non-profit institutions. Research is defined as a systematic study directed toward fuller scientific knowledge or understanding of the subject studied. Development is the systematic use of knowledge and understanding gained from research directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems, or methods, including design and development of prototypes and processes. The term research also includes activities involving the training of individuals in research techniques where such activities utilize the same facilities as other research and development activities and where such activities are not included in the instruction function.
- research data - the recorded factual material commonly accepted in the scientific community as necessary to validate research findings, but not any of the following: Preliminary analyses, drafts of scientific papers, plans for future research, peer reviews, or communications with colleagues. This ‘‘recorded’’ material excludes physical objects (e.g., laboratory samples). Research data also do not include: (A) Trade secrets, commercial information, materials necessary to be held confidential by a researcher until they are published, or similar information which is protected under law; and (B) Personnel and medical information and similar information the disclosure of which would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy, such as information that could be used to identify a particular person in a research study.
- research findings - published in a peer-reviewed scientific or technical journal; or (B) A Federal agency publicly and officially cites the research findings in support of an agency action that has the force and effect of law.
- research institution performer - organization using federal funds for research includes: colleges and universities, intramural federal research laboratories, Federally Funded Research and Development Centers, national user facilities, industrial laboratories, or other research institutes.
- research on women's health - research on women's health conditions, including research on preventing such conditions.
- research record - record of data or results that embody the facts resulting from scientific inquiry includes, but is not limited to: research proposals, laboratory records, both physical and electronic progress reports, abstracts, theses, oral presentations, internal reports, and journal articles.
- research report - a written or electronic communication that includes an analysis of equity securities of individual companies or industries, and that provides information reasonably sufficient upon which
798 to base an investment decision.
- reservations - national forests, tribal lands embraced within Indian reservations, military reservations, and other lands and interests in lands owned by the United States, and withdrawn, reserved, or withheld from private appropriation and disposal under the public land laws; also lands and interests in lands acquired and held for any public purposes; but shall not include national monuments or national parks.
- reserve - 1. Portion of a body of troops that is kept to the rear, or withheld from action at the beginning of an engagement, in order to be available for a decisive movement. 2. Members of the uniformed Services who are not in active service but who are subject to call to active duty. 3. Portion of an appropriation or contract authorization held or set aside for future operations or contingencies and, in respect to which, administrative authorization to incur commitments or obligations has been withheld. See also operational reserve.
- reserve - a member of a reserve component of one of the Armed Forces.
- reserve - enlistment, appointment, grade, or office held as a Reserve of one of the armed forces.
- reserve active-status list - a single list for the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps that contains the names of all officers of that armed force except warrant officers (including commissioned warrant officers) who are in an active status in a reserve component of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps and are not on an active-duty list.
reserve component- (A) the Army Reserve; (B) the Navy Reserve; (C) the Marine Corps Reserve; (D ) the Air Force Reserve; (E) the Coast Guard Reserve; (F) the Army National Guard of the United States; and (G) the Air National Guard of the United States.
- reserve component - The Armed Forces of the United States Reserve Component consists of the Army National Guard of the United States, the Army Reserve, the Navy Reserve, the Marine Corps Reserve, the Air National Guard of the United States, the Air Force Reserve, and the Coast Guard Reserve. Also called RC. See also component; reserve.
- reserve components - Emergency supplemental forces that consist of the Army and Air National Guards and the Army, Naval, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Reserves.
- reserve officer - a commissioned officer in the Reserve, except an officer or a commissioned warrant officer.
- reserved obstacles - Those demolition obstacles that are deemed critical to the plan for which the authority to detonate is reserved by the designating commander. See also obstacle.
- reserved works - any project facility at which the Secretary carries out the operation and maintenance of the project facility.
- reset - A set of actions to restore equipment to a desired level of combat capability commensurate with a unit’s future mission.
- resettled person - A refugee or an internally displaced person wishing to return somewhere other than his or her previous home or land within the country or area of original displacement.
- resettlement support center - a non-governmental organization (NGO) under cooperative agreement with the Department, a U.S. mission contractor, or international organization that helps process refugees for U.S. resettlement. Sometimes known formerly as a Joint Voluntary Agency (JVA). Also called RSC.
- residence - the place of general abode; the place of general abode of a person means his principal, actual dwelling place in fact, without regard to intent.
- residence - the place of general bode; the place of general abode of a person means his principal, actual dwelling place in fact, without regard to intent. This does not mean that an alien must maintain an independent household in order to qualify as an alien who has a residence in a foreign country and has no intention of abandoning. If the alien customarily resides in the household of another, that household is the residence in fact.
residential dwelling- (A) a single-family dwelling, including attached structures such as porches and stoops; or (B) a single-family dwelling unit in a structure that contains more than 1 separate residential dwelling unit, and in which each such unit is used or occupied, or intended to be used or occupied, in whole or in part, as the home or residence of 1 or more persons.
- residential dwellings - previously occupied and new single family and multifamily dwellings, mobile homes, and publicly assisted housing owned by a private sponsor or a State or local housing authority not covered.
- residential improved real estate - improved real estate for which the improvement is a residential building.
- residential real property - real property on which there is situated 1 or more residential dwellings used or occupied, or intended to be used or occupied, in whole or in part, as the home or residence of 1 or more persons.
- residual forces - Undeployed United States forces that have an immediate combat potential for continued military operations, and that have been deliberately withheld from utilization.
- residual radiation - Nuclear radiation caused by fallout, artificial dispersion of radioactive material, or irradiation that results from a nuclear explosion and persists longer than one minute after burst. See also contamination; initial radiation.
- residual risk - risk that remains after risk management measures have been implemented.
- residual value - A property's residual value is an estimate of the price that the property could be sold for at the end of the period of the lease-purchase analysis, measured in discounted present value terms. (a) The recommended way to estimate residual value is to determine what similar, comparably aged property is currently selling for in commercial markets. (b) Alternatively, book estimates of the resale value of used property may be available from industry or government sources. (c) Assessed values of similar, comparably aged properties determined for property tax purposes may also be used. (8) Renewal Options. In determining the term of a lease, all renewal options shall be added to the initial lease period.
- residual value - The estimated value of a capital asset at the end of its useful life as determined by application of the Useful Life and Disposal Value Cost Factor.
- residual value - the proceeds, less removal and disposal costs, if any, realized upon disposition of a tangible capital asset. It usually is measured by the net proceeds from the sale or other disposition of
800 the asset, or its fair value if the asset is traded in on another asset. The estimated residual value is a current forecast of the residual value. CH A )
- resilience - ability to adapt to changing conditions and withstand and rapidly recover from disruption1 ) ability of systems, infrastructures, government, business, and citizenry to resist, absorb, recover from, or adapt to an adverse occurrence that may cause harm, destruction, or loss of national significance 2) capacity of an organization to recognize threats and hazards and make adjustments that will improve future protection efforts and risk reduction measures 3) due to emergencies.
- resilience - The ability of an architecture to support the functions necessary for mission success with higher probability, shorter periods of reduced capability, and across a wider range of scenarios, conditions, and threats, in spite of hostile action or adverse conditions. Resilience may leverage cross-domain or alternative government, commercial, or international capabilities.
- resilience — The ability of an architecture to support the functions necessary for mission success with higher probability, shorter periods of reduced capability, and across a wider range of scenarios, conditions, and threats, in spite of hostile action or adverse conditions. Resilience may leverage cross-domain or alternative government, commercial, or international capabilities.
- resilience - the ability of people, households, communities, countries, and systems to mitigate, adapt to, and recover from shocks and stresses to food security in a manner that reduces chronic vulnerability and facilitates inclusive growth.
- resilience - the ability to adapt to changing conditions and withstand and rapidly recover from disruption due to emergencies.
- resilience - the ability to prepare for and adapt to changing conditions and withstand and recover rapidly from disruption. Resilience includes the ability to withstand and recover from deliberate attacks, accidents, or naturally occurring threats or incidents.
- resilience - the ability to prepare for and adapt to changing conditions and withstand and recover rapidly from disruptions. Resilience the ability to withstand and recover from deliberate attacks, accidents, or naturally occurring threats or incidents.
- resilience/ community resilience - A community's ability to withstand and recover-in both the short and long terms-from adversity, such as a natural disaster or terrorist attack.
- resilience/ Community resilience - The ability of communities to withstand and recover-in both the short and long term-from adversity, such as a natural disaster or terrorist attack.
- resistance movement - An organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability.
- resolution - action of solving a problem, dispute, or contentious matter includes repair/ correction of a
801 root cause or implementing a workaround.Lexicon, Terms )
resolution -(1) For most audits, the point at which the audit organization and agency management or contracting officials agree on action to be taken on reported findings and recommendations; or, in the event of disagreement, the point at which the audit followup official determines the matter to be resolved. A report may be considered resolved despite the right of persons outside the agency to negotiate, appeal, or litigate. Resolution of a report with respect to parties outside the Government does not preclude further consideration of issues in the report by agency management. (2) For preaward contract audits, the point at which the agreement is reached, a contract price negotiated, or proposed award canceled, whichever occurs first. (3) For GAO reports, the point at which the agency responds to the Congress, as required by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970.
- resolved - Resolution of a recommendation occurs when- (1) The action office concurs with the recommendation (a management decision has been accepted by OIG), but the action office has not presented satisfactory evidence that it has implemented the recommendation or some alternative course of action acceptable to OIG; (2) The action office informs OIG that it disagrees with all or part of the recommendation, and OIG agrees to accept partial compliance or noncompliance; or (3) Impasse procedures have led to a positive or negative final management decision.
resource- (A) living resources (including natural and cultured plant life, fish, shellfish, marine mammals, and wildlife);(B) nonliving resources (including energy sources, minerals, and chemical substances);(C) the habitat of a living resource, the coastal space, the ecosystems, the nutrient-rich areas, and the other components of the marine environment that contribute to or provide (or which are capable of contributing to or providing) recreational, scenic, esthetic, biological, habitational, commercial, economic, or conservation values; and (D) man-made, tangible, intangible, actual, or potential resources.
- resource - funding, personnel, equipment, materials, and other assets that can be used as needed.
- resource allocation decision - Secretary’s formal approval of Components’ resource allocation plans.
- resource allocation plan - plan that reflect systematic allocation of resources required to achieve missions, objectives, and priorities, and potential alternative methods of accomplishing them must account for long-term requirements and resources including human capital, construction and investments, operating and maintenance, and potential disposal or termination costs, and program performance goals; resource requirements reflected in resource allocation plans are translated into time-phased funding requirements.
- resource conservation - reduction of the amounts of solid waste that are generated, reduction of overall resource consumption, and utilization of recovered resources.
- resource extraction issuer - an issuer that- (i) is required to file an annual report with the Commission; and (ii) engages in the commercial development of oil, natural gas, or minerals.
- resource management - A financial management function that provides advice and guidance to the commander to develop command resource requirements. Also called RM. See also financial management.
- resource management - A system for identifying available resources at all jurisdictional levels to enable timely and unimpeded access to resources needed to prepare for, respond to, or recover from an incident. Resource management includes mutual aid and assistance agreements; the use of special Federal, State, tribal, and local teams; and resource mobilization protocols.
- resource management - The office that makes payments under the Claims Act. Also called RM.
- resource planning guidance - document providing instruction for that is the final output of the planning phase which serves as an authoritative statement directing homeland security policy, strategy, and resource planning consists of the following elements: resource planning priorities, policy and strategy guidance, programmatic guidance, and Winter Studies, which are issues that require additional analysis ahead of the program and budget review (PBR).
- resource recovery - the recovery of material or energy from solid waste.
- resource recovery system - a solid waste management system which provides for collection, separation, recycling, and recovery of solid wastes, including disposal of nonrecoverable waste residues.
- resource-conserving crop - legumes, legume-grass mixtures, legume-small grain mixtures, legume- grass-small grain mixtures, and alternative crops.
resource-conserving crop rotation- a crop rotation that includes at least one resource-conserving crop and that reduces erosion, maintains or improves soil fertility and tilth, interrupts pest cycles, or conserves water.
- resources - Funding allocated for contracts, manpower, facilities, material, or equipment to perform agency requirements.
- resources - Personnel and major items of equipment, supplies, and facilities available or potentially available for assignment to incident operations and for which status is maintained. Under the National Incident Management System, resources are described by kind and type and may be used in operational support or supervisory capacities at an incident or at an emergency operations center.
resources - personnel and major items of equipment, supplies, and facilities available or potentially available for responding to a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster.
- resources - The forces, materiel, and other assets or capabilities apportioned or allocated to the commander of a unified or specified command.
- respect for freedom of the press - a government(1) allows foreign news correspondents into the country and does not subject them to harassment or restrictions;(2) allows nongovernment-owned press to operate in the country; and (3) does not subject the press in the country to systematic censorship.
- respite care - planned or emergency care provided to a child or adult with a special need in order to provide temporary relief to the family caregiver of that child or adult.
- respite care services - short term care services, including the services of crisis nurseries, provided in the temporary absence of the regular caregiver (parent, other relative, foster parent, adoptive parent, or guardian) to children who- (A) are in danger of child abuse or neglect;(B) have experienced child abuse or neglect; or(C) have disabilities or chronic or terminal illnesses. Such services shall be provided within or outside the home of the child, be short-term care (ranging from a few hours to a few weeks of time, per year), and be intended to enable the family to stay together and to keep the child living in the home and community of the child.
- respondent - any person against whose interests a petition is filed in court, in accordance with this chapter, which seeks relief under the Convention.
- response - Immediate actions to save lives, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human
803 needs. Response also includes the execution of emergency plans and actions to support short-term recovery. FEMA, NRF, Glossary )
response - those capabilities necessary to save lives, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs after an incident has occurred.
- response - immediate actions to save lives, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs includes the execution of emergency plans and actions to support short-term recovery.
responses to audit reports -- Written comments by agency officials indicating agreement or disagreement on reported findings and recommendations. Comments indicating agreement on final reports shall include planned corrective actions and, where appropriate, dates for achieving actions. Comments indicating disagreement shall explain fully the reasons for disagreement. Where disagreement is based on interpretation of law, regulation, or the authority of officials to take or not to take action, the response must include the legal basis.
- responsible audit agency - the agency that is responsible for performing all required contract audit services at a business unit.
- responsible bidder/ offeror - One who has the technical and financial capacity to secure the necessary resources to deliver the goods or services.
- responsible official - the individual at each stage of the grievance process who may make a decision on the matter being grieved.
responsible party- (I) the sponsor of the clinical trial; or (II) the principal investigator of such clinical trial if so designated by a sponsor, grantee, contractor, or awardee, so long as the principal investigator is responsible for conducting the trial, has access to and control over the data from the clinical trial, has the right to publish the results of the trial, and has the ability to meet all of the requirements for the submission of clinical trial information.
- responsible person - an individual who has the power to direct the management and policies of the applicant pertaining to explosive materials.
- responsive bid - A bid that conforms exactly to the requirements in the Invitation for Bids (IFB).
- rest and recuperation - The withdrawal of individuals from combat or duty in a combat area for short periods of rest and recuperation. Also called R&R.
- restitution - Compensation for loss, such as cash paid back for an uncollectible check.
- restorative justice program - a program that emphasizes the moral accountability of an offender toward the victim and the affected community and may include community reparations boards, restitution (in the form of monetary payment or service to the victim or, where no victim can be identified, service to the affected community), and mediation between victim and offender.
- restore - action taken to repair or renovate so as to return it to its original condition.
- restored annual leave - Any scheduled annual leave which could not be used by an employee due to an exigency of the public business, administrative error (including failure to reschedule the leave by the
804 official who cancelled it), or sickness of the employee, and which was forfeited and subsequently approved for re-crediting by a decision officer.
- restrain person - act of restricting (delaying) someone from acting upon what they intend to do.
- restraint - In the context of joint operation planning, a requirement placed on the command by a higher command that prohibits an action, thus restricting freedom of action. See also constraint; operational limitation.
restraints- (A) any physical restraint that is a mechanical or personal restriction that immobilizes or reduces the ability of an individual to move his or her arms, legs, or head freely, not including devices, such as orthopedically prescribed devices, surgical dressings or bandages, protective helmets, or any other methods that involves the physical holding of a resident for the purpose of conducting routine physical examinations or tests or to protect the resident from falling out of bed or to permit the resident to participate in activities without the risk of physical harm to the resident (such term does not include a physical escort); and (B) a drug or medication that is used as a restraint to control behavior or restrict the resident's freedom of movement that is not a standard treatment for the resident's medical or psychiatric condition.
- restricted area - 1. An area (land, sea, or air) in which there are special restrictive measures employed to prevent or minimize interference between friendly forces. 2. An area under military jurisdiction in which special security measures are employed to prevent unauthorized entry. See also restricted areas (air).
- restricted area - A specifically designated and posted area where classified information or material is located or where sensitive functions are performed, access controlled and only authorized personnel are admitted.
- restricted area - room, office, building, or facility to which access is strictly and tightly controlled.
- restricted areas (air) - Designated areas established by appropriate authority over which flight of aircraft is restricted. See also restricted area.
- restricted data - All data (information) concerning- (1) Design, manufacture, or use of atomic weapons;
- restricted grade - The President may by regulation provide that in a specified professional category permanent promotions to the senior grade, or to both the full grade and the senior grade, shall be made only if there are vacancies in such grade.
- restricted items list - A document listing those logistic goods and services for which nations must coordinate any contracting activity with a commander’s centralized contracting organization.
- restricted operations zone - Airspace reserved for specific activities in which the operations of one or more airspace users is restricted. Also called ROZ.
- restricted or conditional gift or contract - any endowment, gift, grant, contract, award, present, or property of any kind which includes provisions regarding (A) the employment, assignment, or termination of faculty; (B) the establishment of departments, centers, research or lecture programs, or new faculty positions; (C) the selection or admission of students; or (D) the award of grants, loans, scholarships, fellowships, or other forms of financial aid restricted to students of a specified
805 country, religion, sex, ethnic origin, or political opinion.
- restricted portal - a protected community of interest or similar area housed within an information system and to which access is controlled by a host agency different from the agency that controls the information system.
- restricted reporting - a system of reporting that allows a volunteer who is sexually assaulted to confidentially disclose the details of his or her assault to specified individuals and receive the services without the dissemination of his or her personally identifying information except as necessary for the provision of such services, and without automatically triggering an official investigative process.
- restricted reporting - Reporting option that allows sexual assault victims to confidentially disclose the assault to specified individuals (e.g., sexual assault response coordinator, sexual assault prevention and response victim advocate, or healthcare personnel) and receive medical treatment and counseling without triggering an official investigation.
- restricted reporting — Reporting option that allows sexual assault victims to confidentially disclose the assault to specified individuals (e.g., sexual assault response coordinator, sexual assault prevention and response victim advocate, or healthcare personnel) and receive medical treatment and counseling without triggering an official investigation.
- restricted target - A valid target that has specific restrictions placed on the actions authorized against it due to operational considerations. See also target.
- restricted target list - A list of restricted targets nominated by elements of the joint force and approved by the joint force commander or directed by higher authorities. Also called RTL. See also restricted target; target.
- restrictive fire area - An area in which specific restrictions are imposed and into which fires that exceed those restrictions will not be delivered without coordination with the establishing headquarters. Also called RFA. See also fires.
- restrictive fire line - A line established between converging friendly surface forces that prohibits fires or their effects across that line. Also called RFL. See also fires.
- results driven - performance expectation focused on measurable outcomes from the strategic plan or other measurable outputs and outcomes clearly aligned to organizational goals and objectives.
- results framework - A planning, communications, and management tool, which conveys the development hypothesis implicit in the DO, illustrating the cause-and-effect linkages between outputs, Intermediate Results (IR), and the DO (the final result or outcome) to be achieved with the assistance provided. A Results Framework includes the IRs necessary to achieve the outcome, whether funded by USAID or its partners. It includes any critical assumptions that must hold for the development hypothesis to lead to the relevant outcome. Typically, it is laid out in graphic form supplemented by narrative. (DOS/ USAID )
- resupply - The act of replenishing stocks in order to maintain required levels of supply.
- resuscitative care - Advanced emergency medical treatment required to prevent immediate loss of life or limb and to attain stabilization to ensure the patient could tolerate evacuation.
- retail customer - a natural person, or the legal representative of such natural person, who- (1) receives personalized investment advice about securities from a broker or dealer or investment adviser; and
806 §78o. )
- retail facility - a stationary source at which more than one-half of the income is obtained from direct sales to end users or at which more than one-half of the fuel sold, by volume, is sold through a cylinder exchange program.
- retained personnel - Detainees who fall into one of the following categories: a. Designated enemy medical personnel and medical staff administrators who are exclusively engaged in either the search for, collection, transport, or treatment of the wounded or sick, or the prevention of disease; b. Staff of National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and that of other volunteer aid societies, duly recognized and authorized by their governments to assist medical service personnel of their own armed forces, provided they are exclusively engaged in the search for, or the collection, transport or treatment of wounded or sick, or in the prevention of disease, and provided that the staff of such societies are subject to military laws and regulations; c. Chaplains attached to enemy armed forces. Also called RP. See also personnel.
- retention register - The retention ranking of all members in a competition group.
- retired participant - a person who— (A) while an employee of the Agency was a participant in the system; and (B) is entitled to receive an annuity from the fund based upon such person's service as a participant.
retired pay- (A) in the case of a former employee of the Department of Defense, any retirement benefit payable to that individual, out of the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund, based (in whole or in part) on service performed by such individual as a civilian employee of the Department of Defense; and (B) in the case of a retired member of the armed forces or member of the Fleet Reserve or Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, retired or retainer pay to which the member is entitled.
- retired reserve - All reserve members who receive retirement pay on the basis of their active duty and/ or reserve service; those members who are otherwise eligible for retirement pay but have not reached age 60 and who have not elected discharge and are not voluntary members of the Ready Reserve or Standby Reserve. See also active duty; Ready Reserve; Standby Reserve.
- retirement - Official separation from ones U.S. Federal employment or position upon meeting the requirements of years of service and age for entitlement to benefits under pertinent laws and regulations.
- retirement - The transfer of records to the Records Service Center or a Federal records center for storage according to the authority cited in the records disposition schedules.
- retirement eligibility - consideration for retirement based on age, number of years of creditable service, and any other special requirements.
- retraining - training provided to either close skill gaps resulting from obsolescence or to enhance existing knowledge, skills and abilities.
- retrofit device - any component, equipment, or other device (1) that is designed to be installed in or on an automobile (as an addition to, as a replacement for, or through alteration or modification of, any original component, equipment, or other device); and (2) that any manufacturer, dealer, or distributor of the device represents will provide higher fuel economy than would have resulted with the automobile as originally equipped, as determined under regulations of the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. The term also includes a fuel additive for use in an automobile.
- retrograde - The process for the movement of non-unit equipment and materiel from a forward location to a reset (replenishment, repair, or recapitalization) program or to another directed area of operations to replenish unit stocks, or to satisfy stock requirements.
- return on investment - The result for projects that show positive gains (improved mission performance; reduced cost; increased quality, speed, or flexibility; increased customer/ employee satisfaction) have been demonstrated. Also called ROI.
- return on investment risk - calculation of the value of risk reduction measures in the context of the cost of developing and implementing those measures.
- return to base - An order to proceed to the point indicated by the displayed information or by verbal communication. Also called RTB.
- returnee - A displaced person who has returned voluntarily to his or her former place of residence.
- returning resident - a. A Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) who has remained outside the United States for more than one year may be eligible for returning resident immigrant visa status if the consular officer is satisfied that -(1) The alien departed the United States with the intention of returning to an unrelinquished residence; and(2) The aliens stay abroad was for reasons beyond the aliens control and for which the alien was not responsible.
- reuse - recovery or reapplication of a material, packaging, piece of equipment, device, or used product or article in a manner that retains its original form, functionality, or identity.
- reuse software - use of a preexisting software artifact (component, specification, etc.) in a context different from that in which it was created.
- revenue-sharing arrangement - an arrangement between an institution and a lender under which (i) a lender provides or issues a loan that is made, insured, or guaranteed under this subchapter to students attending the institution or to the families of such students; and (ii) the institution recommends the lender or the loan products of the lender and in exchange, the lender pays a fee or provides other material benefits, including revenue or profit sharing, to the institution, an officer or employee of the institution, or an agent.
- reverse accommodation exchange - The exchange of local currency for U.S. dollars.
- revised annuity participant - an individual who — (A) on December 31, 2012—(i) is not a participant;
- revocation of eligibility for access and/ or security clearance - adjudicative determination that an individual who had access to classified information is no longer eligible to have such access to classified information.
- revolving fund account - An account authorized by specific provisions of law to finance a continuing cycle of business-type operations, and which are authorized to incur obligations and expenditures that generate receipts.
- rights - Civil rights under local or international law that are possessed by a U.S. citizen who has been detained or arrested abroad, such as the rights to legal representation and to a fair trial.
- rights and interest record - documentary material critical to carrying out an agency’s essential legal and financial functions, and vital to the protection of the legal and financial rights of individuals who are directly affected by that agency’s activities and are those with such value that their lose would significantly impair the execution of essential agency functions, to the detriment of the legal or financial rights and entitlements of the agency and the affected individuals(s)includes accounts receivable files; contracting and acquisition files; official personnel records; Social Security, payroll, retirement, and insurance records; and property management and inventory records.
- rights of access - the establishment of rights of contact between a child and a parent seeking access in Convention countries- (A) by operation of law;(B) through a judicial or administrative determination; or(C) through a legally enforceable arrangement between the parties.
- rights of access - visitation rights.
- rights of custody - rights of care and custody of a child, including the right to determine the place of residence of a child, under the laws of the country in which the child is a habitual resident- (A) attributed to an individual or legal custodian; and (B) arising- (i) by operation of law; or(ii) through a judicial or administrative decision; or(iii) through a legally enforceable arrangement between the parties.
- rights of interim contact - the rights of contact between a child and a left-behind parent, which has been provided as a provisional measure while an abduction case is pending, under the laws of the country in which the child is located- (A) by operation of law; or(B) through a judicial or administrative determination; or(C) through a legally enforceable arrangement between the parties.
- riot - a public disturbance involving (1) an act or acts of violence by one or more persons part of an assemblage of three or more persons, which act or acts shall constitute a clear and present danger of, or shall result in, damage or injury to the property of any other person or to the person of any other individual or (2) a threat or threats of the commission of an act or acts of violence by one or more persons part of an assemblage of three or more persons having, individually or collectively, the ability of immediate execution of such threat or threats, where the performance of the threatened act or acts of violence would constitute a clear and present danger of, or would result in, damage or injury to the property of any other person or to the person of any other individual.
- riot control agent - Any chemical, not listed in a schedule of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction that can produce rapidly in humans sensory irritation or disabling physical effects that disappear within a short time following termination of exposure. Also called RCA. See also chemical warfare.
- rising mine - In naval mine warfare, a mine having positive buoyancy which is released from a sinker by a ship influence or by a timing device.
- rising mine - In naval mine warfare, a mine having positive buoyancy, which is released from a sinker by a ship influence or by a timing device.
- risk - A measure of the extent to which an entity is threatened by a potential circumstance or event, and is typically a function of- (i) the adverse impacts that would arise if the circumstance or event occurs; and (ii) the likelihood of occurrence.
- risk - a measure of the extent to which an entity is threatened by a potential circumstance or event, and typically is a function of: (i) the adverse impact, or magnitude of harm, that would arise if the circumstance or event occurs; and (ii) the likelihood of occurrence.
- risk - a measure of the probability and severity of undesirable consequences.
- risk - As it pertains to source selection, is the potential for unsuccessful contract performance. The consideration of risk assesses the degree to which an offerors proposed approach to achieving the technical factor or subfactor may involve risk of disruption of schedule, increased cost or degradation of performance, the need for increased U.S. Government oversight, and the likelihood of unsuccessful contract performance. For firm fixed-price contracts, the reference to increased cost may be removed from the risk definition.
- risk - potential for an unwanted outcome as determined by its likelihood and the consequences potential for an adverse outcome assessed as a function of hazard/ threats, assets and their vulnerabilities, and consequences.
- risk - Probability and severity of loss linked to hazards.
- risk - Probability and severity of loss linked to hazards. See also hazard; risk management.
- risk - The net mission impact considering- (1) the probability that a particular threat-source will exercise
- risk - The potential for encountering negative technical, costs, or schedule impacts in a project.
- risk financial - measure of the potential inability to achieve acquisition objectives within defined cost and schedule constraints has two components: the probability of failing to achieve a particular outcome and the consequences or impact of failing to achieve that outcome.
- risk acceptance - explicit or implicit decision not to take an action that would affect all or part of a particular risk.
- risk analysis - systematic examination of the components and characteristics of risk.
- risk assessment - A documented review of the susceptibility of an assessable unit, program, or activity to the occurrence of fraud, waste, loss, unauthorized use, misappropriation, or susceptibility to generate significant improper payments. General reviews will focus on areas such as the existing inherent risk or vulnerability, existing general control environment and safeguards in place, and adherence to the internal control standards. The Department will employ a systematic method of reviewing all programs and activities to identify programs and activities that are susceptible to significant improper payments.
- risk assessment - A method to calculate risk. Risk is the result of three factors- (1) The impact or consequences of an undesirable event that causes the loss of or damage to a Department asset (i.e., people, information, equipment, facilities, activities, and operations); (2) The threat or likelihood that undesirable event will occur; and (3) All vulnerabilities associated with that undesirable event.
- risk assessment - an evaluation of-(A) the potential for the introduction, establishment or spread of a pest or disease and associated biological and economic consequences; or(B) the potential for adverse
810 effects on human or animal life or health arising from the presence of an additive, contaminant, toxin or disease-causing organism in a food, beverage, or feedstuff. §2575b. )
- risk assessment - an on-site investigation to determine and report the existence, nature, severity and location of lead-based paint hazards in residential dwellings, including- (A) information gathering regarding the age and history of the housing and occupancy by children under age 6;(B) visual inspection;(C) limited wipe sampling or other environmental sampling techniques; (D) other activity as may be appropriate; and (E) provision of a report explaining the results of the investigation.
- risk assessment - product or process evaluating information based on a set of criteria and assigns values to risks for the purpose of informing priorities, developing or comparing courses of action, and informing decision making appraisal of the risks facing an entity, asset, system, network, geographic area or other grouping3
- risk assessment - The identification and assessment of hazards (first two steps of risk management process). Also called RA.
- risk assessment - The process of identifying risks to organizational operations (including mission, functions, image, or reputation), organizational assets, individuals, other organizations, and the Nation, arising through the operation of an information system.
- risk assessment - The process of identifying the risks to system security and determining the probability of occurrence, the resulting impact, and additional safeguards that would mitigate this impact. This is part of risk management and synonymous with risk analysis.
- risk assessment methodology - set of methods, principles, or rules used to identify and assess risks and to form priorities, develop courses of action, and inform decision-making
- risk assessment tool - activity, item, or program that contributes to determining and evaluating risks.
- risk avoidance - strategies or measures taken that effectively remove exposure to a risk
- risk communication - exchange of information with the goal of improving risk understanding, affecting risk perception and/ or equipping people or groups to act appropriately in response to an identified risk.
- risk control - deliberate action taken to reduce the potential for harm or maintain it at an acceptable level.
- risk data - information on key components of risk that are outputs of or inputs to risk assessments and risk analyses.
- risk exposure - contact of an asset, system, or geographic area with a potential hazard.
- risk governance - actors, rules, practices, processes, and mechanisms concerned with how risk is analyzed, managed, and communicated.
- risk group infectious biological agents - categorization of infectious biological agents based on their relative risks, using following criteria: i) pathogenicity; ii) mode of transmission and host range; iii) availability of effective preventive measures, such as vaccines; iv) availability of effective treatment, including antibiotics; and v) other factors as appropriate
- risk identification - process of finding, recognizing, and describing potential risks3
- risk indicator - Definition: measure that signals the potential for an unwanted outcome as determined by qualitative or quantitative analysis.
- risk management - process of identifying, analyzing, and communicating risk and accepting, avoiding, transferring or controlling it to an acceptable level considering associated costs and benefits of any actions taken.
- risk management - The process of identifying, assessing, and controlling risks arising from operational factors and making decisions that balance risk cost with mission benefits. Also called RM. See also risk.
- risk management - the program and supporting processes to manage risk to agency operations (including mission, functions, image, reputation), agency assets, individuals, other organizations, and the Nation, and includes: establishing the context for risk-related activities; assessing risk; responding to risk once determined; and monitoring risk over time.
- risk management - the systematic application, by the owner or operator of a pipeline facility, of management policies, procedures, finite resources, and practices to the tasks of identifying, analyzing, assessing, reducing, and controlling risk in order to protect employees, the general public, the environment, and pipeline facilities.
- risk management - The total process of identifying, controlling, and mitigating IT system-related risks. It includes risk assessment; cost benefit analysis; and the selection, implementation, test, and security evaluation of security controls. This overall system security review considers both effectiveness and efficiency, including impact on the mission and constraints due to policy, regulations, and laws.
- risk management alternatives development - process of systematically examining risks to develop a range of options and their anticipated effects for decision makers.
- risk management cycle - sequence of steps that are systematically taken and revisited to manage risk.
- risk management methodology - set of methods, principles, or rules used to identify, analyze, assess, and communicate risk, and mitigate, accept, or control it to an acceptable level at an acceptable cost.
- risk management plan - a management plan utilized by a gas or hazardous liquid pipeline facility owner or operator that encompasses risk management.
- risk management plan - document that identifies risks and specifies the actions that have been chosen to manage those risks.
- risk management strategy - course of action or actions to be taken in order to manage risks proactive approach to reduce the usually negative impacts of various risks by choosing within a range of options that include complete avoidance of any risk that would cause harm or injury, accepting the risk, controlling the risk by employing risk mitigation options to reduce impacts, or transferring some or all of the risk to another entity based on a set of stated priorities.
- risk management strategy - the description of how an agency intends to assess risk, respond to risk, and monitor risk, making explicit and transparent the risk perceptions that organizations routinely use in making both investment and operational decisions.
- risk matrix - tool for ranking and displaying components of risk in an array.
- risk mitigation - application of measure or measures to reduce the likelihood of an unwanted occurrence and/ or its consequences.
- risk mitigation measure - any provision of a risk mitigation agreement or a condition.
- risk mitigation option - measure, device, policy, or course of action taken with the intent of reducing risk.
- risk perception - subjective judgment about the characteristics and/ or severity of risk.
- risk profile - description and/ or depiction of risks to an asset, system, network, geographic area or other entity.
- risk reduction - decrease in risk through risk avoidance, risk control or risk transfer.
- risk response - accepting, avoiding, mitigating, sharing, or transferring risk to agency operations, agency assets, individuals, other organizations, or the Nation.
- risk retention group - any corporation or other limited liability association taxable as a corporation, or as an insurance company, formed under the laws of any State (A) whose primary activity consists of assuming and spreading all, or any portion, of the pollution liability of its group members; (B) which is organized for the primary purpose of conducting the activity described under subparagraph (A); (C) which is chartered or licensed as an insurance company and authorized to engage in the business of insurance under the laws of any State; and (D) which does not exclude any person from membership in the group solely to provide for members of such a group a competitive advantage over such a person.
- risk score - numerical result of a semi-quantitative risk assessment methodology numerical representation that gauges the combination of threat, vulnerability, and consequence at a specific moment.
- risk tolerance - degree to which an entity is willing to accept risk.
- risk transfer - action taken to manage risk that shifts some or all of the risk to another entity, asset, system, network, or geographic area.
- risk-based decision making - determination of a course of action predicated primarily on the assessment of risk and the expected impact of that course of action on that risk.
- risk-informed decision making - determination of a course of action predicated on the assessment of risk, the expected impact of that course of action on that risk, as well as other relevant factors.
- river - a flowing body of water or estuary or a section, portion, or tributary thereof, including rivers, streams, creeks, runs, kills, rills, and small lakes.
- riverine operations - Operations conducted by forces organized to cope with and exploit the unique characteristics of a riverine area, to locate and destroy hostile forces, and/ or to achieve or maintain
813 control of the riverine area.
- roadmap - an assessment of manufacturing interoperability requirements developed by an industry describing that industry's goals related to enterprise integration, the knowledge and standards including application protocols necessary to achieve those goals, and the necessary steps, timetable, and assignment of responsibilities for acquiring the knowledge and developing the standards and protocols.
- rock dust - pulverized limestone, dolomite, gypsum, anhydrite, shale, adobe, or other inert material, preferably light colored, 100 per centum of which will pass through a sieve having twenty meshes per linear inch and 70 per centum or more of which will pass through a sieve having two hundred meshes per linear inch; the particles of which when wetted and dried will not cohere to form a cake which will not be dispersed into separate particles by a light blast of air; and which does not contain more than 5 per centum of combustible matter or more than a total of 4 per centum of free and combined silica (SiO2), or, where the Secretary finds that such silica concentrations are not available, which does not contain more than 5 per centum of free and combined silica.
- role specialist nation - A nation that has agreed to assume responsibility for providing a particular class of supply or service for all or part of the multinational force. Also called RSN. See also lead nation; multinational force.
- role-based access control - A security feature in which users permissions within a system are based on their job function within an organization. In SMART, RBAC is enforced using captions, TAGS (Traffic Analysis by Geography and Subject), roles, sensitivity, post, employee type, and classification. Also called RBAC.
- roll-on, roll-off ship - commercial vessel specially designed to carry wheeled cargo that is driven on and off the ship on its own wheels includes cargo such as automobiles, trucks, semi-trailer trucks, trailers or railroad cars.
- roll-on/ roll-off discharge facility - A platform made up of causeway sections that provide a means of embarking and disembarking vehicles from a roll-on and roll-off ship at sea to lighterage. Also called RRDF. See also facility; lighterage.
- Rome Statute - the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, adopted by the United Nations Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court on July 17, 1998.
- root cause - initiating cause of a causal chain which leads to an outcome or effect of interest.
- root cause analysis - method for identifying the underlying causes of why something occurred.
- rough order of magnitude - cost estimate that addresses the general size and scope of a program’s level of effort and cost to complete is based on initial or incomplete information available during the early phases of a program’s life cycle.
- rough terrain container handler - A piece of materials handling equipment used to pick up and move containers. Also called RTCH.
- route - storage facilities and trackage used by railroad cars in transportation in commerce.
- routine - A precedence designator used for all telegrams not sufficiently urgent to justify a higher
814 precedence designator. USAID, FAH, 5 FAH‐1 H‐114 )
- routine use - The condition of disclosure under the Privacy Act that permits a Federal agency to disclose Privacy Act protected information when to do so is compatible with the purpose for which it was collected.
- routine use - the use, sharing, or disclosure of protected information for a purpose compatible with the purpose for which the information was collected.
- routinely deployable unit - a unit that normally deploys from its permanent home station on a periodic or rotating basis to meet peacetime operational requirements that, or to participate in scheduled training exercises that, routinely require deployments outside the United States and its territories. Such term includes a unit that is alerted for deployment outside the United States and its territories during an actual execution of a contingency plan or in support of a crisis operation.
- routing indicator - A group of letters identifying a station within a telegraphic network to facilitate routing of traffic. Also called RI.
- routing line - format Line 2 that contains the routing indicator(s) of the station(s) to which a transmission is routed.
- routing line segregation - Alteration to Format Line 2 as the message passes through relay stations, so that only those routing indicators pertinent to the onward transmission are present in FL-2.
- royalties - payments of any kind, including payments under technical assistance or similar agreements, made as consideration for the use or right to use any copyright, literary, artistic, or scientific work, patent, trademark, design, model, plan, secret formula, or process. It does not include payments under technical assistance or similar agreements that can be related to specific services such as- (A) personnel training, without regard to where performed; and (B) if performed in the territory of one or more of the NAFTA countries, engineering, tooling, die-setting, software design and similar computer services, or other services.
- risk assessment - Organizations must periodically assess the risk to organizational operations (including mission, functions, image, or reputation), organizational assets and individuals, resulting from the operation of organizational information systems and the associated processing, storage, or transmission of organizational information. Also called RA.
- rules of behavior - Established rules developed to promote a workforce members understanding of the importance of safeguarding personally identifiable information (PII), his or her individual role and responsibilities in protecting PII, and the consequences for failed compliance. All workforce members with access to PII in the performance of their official duties are required to comply with established rules.
- rules of engagement - Directives issued by competent military authority that delineate the circumstances and limitations under which United States forces will initiate and/ or continue combat engagement with other forces encountered. Also called ROE. See also law of war.
- rural - an area that is not located in a metropolitan statistical area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget.
- rural - geographic areas that are located outside of standard metropolitan statistical areas.
- rural area - a city, town, or unincorporated area that has a population of not more than 10,000
815 inhabitants. §918c. )
- rural area - an area encompassing a population of less than 50,000 people that has not been designated in the most recent decennial census as an urbanized area by the Secretary of Commerce.
- rural area - any area other than an area within a metropolitan statistical area or within the outer boundary of any city or town having a population of 20,000 or more (based on the most recent decennial census of the United States).
- rural area - rural area as any area other than an area within a metropolitan statistical area or within the outer boundary of any city or town having a population of 20,000 or more (based on the most recent U.S. decennial census). b. See also definitions for high school education or equivalent, related to diversity immigrant visas; advanced degree, doctorate degree equivalent, and masters degree equivalent, related to employment second preference immigrant classification; and graduate of medical school, related to ineligibility under INA.
- rural development - the planning, financing, and development of facilities and services in rural areas that contribute to making those areas desirable places in which to live and make private and business investments; the planning, development, and expansion of business and industry in rural areas to provide increased employment and income; the planning, development, conservation, and use of land, water, and other natural resources of rural areas to maintain or improve the quality of the environment for people and business in rural areas; and the building or improvement of institutional, organizational, and leadership capacities of rural citizens and leaders to define and resolve their own community problems.
- rural heritage - historic sites, structures, and districts.; includes historic rural downtown areas and main streets, neighborhoods, farmsteads, scenic and historic trails, heritage areas, and historic landscapes.
rural microenterprise- (A) a sole proprietorship located in a rural area; or (B) a business entity with not more than 10 full-time-equivalent employees located in a rural area.
- rural volunteer fire department - any organized, not for profit, fire protection organization that provides service primarily to a community or city with a population of 10,000 or less or to a rural area, as defined by the Secretary, whose firefighting personnel is 80 percent or more volunteer, and that is recognized as a fire department by the laws of the State.
rural water supply project- (i) incidental noncommercial livestock watering and noncommercial irrigation of vegetation and small gardens of less than 1 acre; and (ii) a project to improve rural water infrastructure, including- (I) pumps, pipes, wells, and other diversions;(II) storage tanks and small impoundments;(III) water treatment facilities for potable water supplies, including desalination facilities;(IV) equipment and management tools for water conservation, groundwater recovery, and water recycling; and (V) appurtenances.
- rural water supply project - a project that is designed to serve a community or group of communities, each of which has a population of not more than 50,000 inhabitants, which may include Indian tribes and tribal organizations, dispersed homesites, or rural areas with domestic, industrial, municipal, and residential water.
- rural-serving institution of higher education - an institution of higher education that primarily serves rural areas.
- ruse - In military deception, a trick of war designed to deceive the adversary, usually involving the deliberate exposure of false information to the adversary’s intelligence collection system.
- ruse - In military deception, an action designed to deceive the adversary, usually involving the deliberate exposure of false information to the adversary’s intelligence collection system.