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Dictionary-of-government-U

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  • U Visa  - U nonimmigrant status for victims of criminal activity designated in INA (qualifying crimes ) who have suffered substantial mental or physical abuse as a result of being a victim of criminal activity, possess information concerning the crime, and are being helpful to law enforcement and government officials in the investigation or prosecution of the criminal activity allows victims to remain in the United States for up to four years (or longer if a limited exception applies), receive work authorization, and, if certain conditions are met, apply for adjustment of status to that of a lawful permanent resident (LPR).
  • U.S. Campus-based Professionals  - Admissions officers, foreign student advisers, registrars, and others who work with international educational exchange at U.S. colleges and universities.
  • U.S. citizen eligible family member  - is an individual who meets the following criteria- (1) U.S. citizen; and (2) The spouse or domestic partner of the sponsoring employee, or a child of the sponsoring employee who is an unmarried child at least 18 years old; and (3) Listed on the travel orders or approved Form OF-126, Foreign Service Residence and Dependency Report, of a sponsoring employee, i.e., a direct-hire Foreign Service, Civil Service, or uniformed service member who is permanently assigned to or stationed abroad at a U.S. mission, or at an office of the American Institute in Taiwan; and who is under chief of mission authority, and either- (a) Resides at the sponsoring employee's post of assignment abroad or, as appropriate, at an office of the American Institute in Taiwan; or (b) Resides at an involuntary separate maintenance allowance (ISMA) location authorized. If residing at an ISMA location, the individual will not be listed on the sponsoring officers travel orders, but will have a Form SF-1190, Foreign Allowances Application, Grant and Report, processed authorizing ISMA. Other family members or dependents on direct-hire Foreign Service, Civil Service, or uniformed service members travel orders who do not meet all of these criteria are not USEFMs or AEFMs. Also called USEFM.
  • U.S. citizen employee  - A U.S. citizen appointed to the Foreign Service or Civil Service by the Department (and other agencies where uniform regulations apply). The term replaces the previously used American employee. The term used in, Payroll, Time and Attendance, and Leave Accounting, excludes AMCITs unless otherwise indicated.
  • U.S. citizen resident or resident  - a U.S. citizen residing abroad who is not an eligible family member.
  • U.S. Commonwealth  - The Commonwealths of Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands.
  • U.S. Customs and Border Protection personnel  - import specialists, auditors, and other appropriate employees of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
  • U.S. diplomatic pouch  - A properly documented, sealed bag, briefcase, envelope, or other container. It is used to transmit approved correspondence, documents, publications, and other items for official use between the Department of State, U.S. Diplomatic posts, and between U.S. Diplomatic posts.
  • U.S. disbursing officer  - A U.S. citizen officer authorized to receive, disburse money, and account for all official funds entrusted to that employee. The USDO is an accountable officer operating under a Department of the Treasury delegation to disburse U.S. Government funds. Also called USDO.

U.S. entity- (1) State, local, or tribal governments;
(2) State, local, and tribal law enforcement and firefighting entities;
(3) public health and medical entities;
(4) regional, state, local, and tribal emergency management entities, including State Adjutants General and other appropriate public safety entities; or
(5) private sector entities serving as part of the nation's Critical Infrastructure/ Key Resources.

  • U.S. Forces  - All armed U.S. troops, including those of the Coast Guard, as individuals and as a group, and all equipment that belongs to the U.S. or that is being used, escorted, or conveyed by U.S. military personnel, including Type I and II Military Sealift Command vessels.
  • U.S. Foreign Service employees  - U.S. citizens who are members of the Foreign Service.
  • U.S. Government employee  - A U.S. Government employee who is a direct-hire employee of State.
  • U.S. Government personnel  - employees of the agencies, both Foreign Service (except for locally employed staff and non-U.S. citizen consular agents), and Civil Service, serving abroad, including employees on detail.
  • U.S. Government vehicle  - Any U.S. Government-owned, commercially leased, commercially rented, loaned or GSA fleet-leased vehicle under the direct administrative control of the U.S. Government.
  • U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement personnel  - Homeland Security Investigations Directorate personnel and other appropriate employees of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
  • U.S. interests section  - A post in a country with which the United States does not have diplomatic relations and therefore is attached to the embassy of the protecting power.
  • U.S. Mission  - Department of State office set up to conduct negotiations or establish relations with a foreign country.
  • U.S. person  - as defined in the Privacy Act of 1974 as an individual, meaning a citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
  • ultimate purchaser  - the first person who purchases such item for purposes other than resale.
  • ultimate purchaser  - the first person, other than a dealer purchasing in his capacity as a dealer, who in good faith purchases a self-propelled vehicle for purposes other than resale.
  • ultimate user  - a person who has obtained from a dispenser, and who possesses, a controlled substance for his or her own use, for the use of a member of his or her household, or for the use of an animal owned by him or her or by a member of his or her household.
  • ultra-high speed service  - broadband service operating at a 1gigabit per second downstream transmission capacity.
  • ultrasonic detector  - active, visible volumetric detecting device that detects motion by filling a space with a pattern of ultrasonic waives; the modulation of these waves by a moving object is detected and initiates an alarm signal.
  • umbrella special access program  - special access program that has subordinate elements; compartments, sub-compartments, or projects.
  • unacceptable risk  - level of risk at which, given costs and benefits associated with further reduction measures, action is deemed to be warranted at a given point in time.
  • unaccompanied alien child  - a child who — (A) has no lawful immigration status in the United States;
  • unaccompanied post  - The Under Secretary for Management is responsible for designating as an unaccompanied post, those imminent danger areas at which family members are not authorized to reside, and from which family visitation travel may be authorized. Designations may change from time to time to reflect changing circumstances.
  • unaccompanied pouches  - Pouches that travel from origin to destination unescorted.
  • Unaccompanied Refugee Minor  - a refugee child under 18 years old who is separated from both parents and is not being cared for by an adult who, by law or custom, is responsible for him or her. Also called URM.
  • unaccounted for United States personnel  - the following:
(1) Any missing person.
(2) Any United States national who was killed while engaged in activities on behalf of the United States and whose remains have not been repatriated to the United States.
  • unaccounted-for Cold War POW/ MIA  - a member of the Armed Forces or civilian employee of the United States who, as a result of service during the period from September 2, 1945, to August 21, 1991, was at any time classified as a prisoner of war or missing-in-action and whose person or remains have not been returned to United States control and who remains unaccounted for.
  • unacknowledged special access program  - special access program established and administered to have protective controls that ensure the existence of the program is not acknowledged, affirmed, or made known to any person not authorized for such information
  • unallocated interest fund  - the sum of (1) the earnings and profits accumulated prior to March 4, 1923, and attributable to investments and reinvestments by the Secretary of the Treasury, plus (2) the earnings and profits accumulated on or after March 4, 1923, in respect of the earnings and profits.
  • unallowable cost  - any cost that, under the provisions of any pertinent law, regulation, or contract, cannot be included in prices, cost-reimbursements, or settlements under a Government contract to which it is allocable.
  • unallowable cost  - any cost which, under the provisions of any pertinent law, regulation, or sponsored agreement, cannot be included in prices, cost reimbursements, or settlements under a Government sponsored agreement to which it is allocable.
  • unanticipated target  - A target of opportunity that was unknown or not expected to exist in the operational environment. See also operational area; target; target of opportunity.
  • unassociated funerary objects  - objects that, as a part of the death rite or ceremony of a culture, are reasonably believed to have been placed with individual human remains either at the time of death or later, where the remains are not in the possession or control of the Federal agency or museum and the objects can be identified by a preponderance of the evidence as related to specific individuals or families or to known human remains or, by a preponderance of the evidence, as having been removed from a specific burial site of an individual culturally affiliated with a particular Indian tribe.
  • unauthorized access  - Logical or physical access without a need to know to a Department network, system, application, data, or other resource in any format.
  • unauthorized alien  - the alien is not at that time either (A) an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence, or (B) authorized to be so employed by this chapter or by the Attorney General.

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  • unauthorized commitment  - An agreement that is not binding solely because the United States Government representative who made it lacked the authority to enter into that agreement on behalf of the United States Government.
  • unauthorized disclosure  - a communication or physical transfer of classified information to an unauthorized recipient.
  • unauthorized disclosure  - communication or physical transfer of classified information to an unauthorized recipient.
  • unauthorized disclosure  - Disclosure, without authorization, of information in the possession of the Department that is about or referring to an individual.
  • unauthorized disclosure  - The compromise of classified information by communication or physical transfer to an unauthorized recipient. It includes the unauthorized disclosure of classified information in a newspaper, journal, or other publication where such information is traceable to an agency because of a direct quotation, or other uniquely identifiable fact.
  • Unauthorized Disclosure of Passwords  - The release of password information to persons other than senior IT management or security personnel for purposes of performing an investigation.
  • unavailable check action  - The action taken to- (1) Determine the payment status of a check on which subsequent action will be based; and (2) Initiate retrieval of a check photocopy by the locator information necessary to obtain copies of the check found to have been already paid.
  • uncertain environment  - Operational environment in which host government forces, whether opposed to or receptive to operations that a unit intends to conduct, do not have totally effective control of the territory and population in the intended operational area.
  • uncertainty  - degree to which a calculated, estimated, or observed value may deviate from the true value.
  • unclassified controlled air pouch  - Controlled air pouches are used to transmit Sensitive But Unclassified (SBU) material that might disclose the nature of a classified project if the contents were known. For procedures in handling UCAP pouches. Also called UCAP.
  • uncollectible check  - A check which is returned unpaid by the bank on which the check is drawn.
  • unconventional assisted recovery  - Nonconventional assisted recovery conducted by special operations forces. Also called UAR. See also evader; recovery.
  • unconventional assisted recovery coordination cell  — A compartmented special operations forces cell, established to coordinate, synchronize, and deconflict nonconventional assisted recovery operations within the operational area assigned to the joint force commander. Also called UARCC. See also joint operations center; joint personnel recovery center; special operations forces; unconventional assisted recovery.
  • unconventional warfare  - Activities conducted to enable a resistance movement or insurgency to coerce, disrupt, or overthrow a government or occupying power by operating through or with an underground, auxiliary, and guerrilla force in a denied area. Also called UW.
  • Uncurrent Designated Depositary Check  - A check drawn on the designated depositary which is unpaid and outstanding against the designated depositary checking account for at least one full fiscal year after the fiscal year in which the check was issued, except where the local laws provide that the negotiable period of a check is shorter.
  • undefinitized contractual action  - a new procurement action entered into by the Coast Guard for which the contractual terms, specifications, or price are not agreed upon before performance is begun under the action.
  • undefinitized contractual action  - does not include contractual actions with respect to—(i) foreign military sales; (ii) purchases in an amount not in excess of the amount of the simplified acquisition threshold; or (iii) special access programs.
  • undelivered check  - A check in the possession of either a Department of State certifying or disbursing officer which has not been delivered to the payee for some reason.
  • under the control of armed groups  - areas within the Democratic Republic of the Congo or adjoining countries in which armed groups — (A) physically control mines or force labor of civilians to mine, transport, or sell conflict minerals; (B) tax, extort, or control any part of trade routes for conflict minerals, including the entire trade route from a Conflict Zone Mine to the point of export from the Democratic Republic of the Congo or an adjoining country; or (C) tax, extort, or control trading facilities, in whole or in part, including the point of export from the Democratic Republic of the Congo or an adjoining country.
  • under vehicle improvised explosive device employment  - improvised explosive device (IED ) employment that is placed on the underside of a vehicle (using string, tape, magnet, etc. as a form of attachment).
  • underbelly improvised explosive device employment  - improvised explosive device (IED) employment in which the device targets the underside of a vehicle, using large amounts of explosives buried to deliberately defeat armor (can include conventional land mines).
  • underbody  - the floor pan of a motor vehicle.
  • undergraduate foreign language and area or international studies center  - an administrative unit of an institution of higher education, including but not limited to 4-year colleges, that contributes significantly to the national interest through the education and training of students who matriculate into advanced language and area studies programs, professional school programs, or incorporates substantial international and foreign language content into baccalaureate degree programs, engages in research, curriculum development and community outreach activities designed to broaden international and foreign language knowledge, employs faculty with strong language, area, and international studies credentials, maintains library holdings, including basic reference works, journals, and works in translation, and makes training available predominantly to undergraduate students.
  • underground injection  - subsurface emplacement through a bored, drilled, driven, or dug well where the depth is greater than the largest surface dimension and whenever a principal function of the well is the emplacement of any fluid.
  • underground natural gas storage facility  - a gas pipeline facility that stores natural gas in an underground facility, including — (A) a depleted hydrocarbon reservoir; (B) an aquifer reservoir; or (C) a solution-mined salt cavern reservoir.
  • underground storage tank  - storage tank where more than 10 percent of its capacity is beneath the ground surface includes underground pipes connected to the tank.
  • underrepresented in science and engineering  - a minority group whose number of scientists and

  956   engineers per 10,000 population of that group is substantially below the comparable figure for scientists and engineers who are white and not of Hispanic origin. Code 20, §1067k. )

  • underrepresented minority individuals  - individuals who are members of racial or ethnic minority groups that are underrepresented in the health professions including nursing.
  • underrepresented population  - a population that is typically underrepresented in service provision, and includes populations such as persons who have low-incidence disabilities, persons who are minorities, poor persons, persons with limited English proficiency, older individuals, or persons from rural areas.
  • undersea warfare  - Military operations conducted to establish and maintain control of the undersea portion of the maritime domain. Also called USW. See also antisubmarine warfare; mine warfare.
  • underserved community  - a community (including an urban or rural community and an Indian tribal community) that has, as determined by the Secretary: (I) limited access to affordable, healthy foods, including fresh fruits and vegetables, in grocery retail stores or farmer-to-consumer direct markets; and (II) a high rate of hunger or food insecurity or a high poverty rate.
  • underwater demolition  - The destruction or neutralization of underwater obstacles that is normally accomplished by underwater demolition teams.
  • underwater demolition team  - A group of officers and enlisted specially trained and equipped to accomplish the destruction or neutralization of underwater obstacles and associated tasks.
  • underwriter  - any person who has purchased from an issuer with a view to, or offers or sells for an issuer in connection with, the distribution of any security, or participates or has a direct or indirect participation in any such undertaking, or participates or has a participation in the direct or indirect underwriting of any such undertaking; but such term shall not include a person whose interest is limited to a commission from an underwriter or dealer not in excess of the usual and customary distributors' or sellers' commission.

underwriting purposes- (A) rules for, or determination of, eligibility (including enrollment and continued eligibility) for benefits under the plan or coverage; (B) the computation of premium or contribution amounts under the plan or coverage; (C) the application of any pre-existing condition exclusion under the plan or coverage; and (D) other activities related to the creation, renewal, or replacement of a contract of health insurance or health benefits.

  • undesirable incident  - incident that has an adverse impact on the operation of the facility or mission of the agency.
  • undocumented  - facilitates the classification of vessels that may be numbered by the proper issuing authority in a State.
  • undue burden  - significant difficulty or expense. An agency shall consider all agency resources available to the program or component for which the product is being developed, procured, maintained, or used in determining whether an action would result in an undue burden.
  • undue burden conducted program or activity  - financial and administrative burden that entail significant difficulty or expense or add significant new administrative responsibilities, when assessed in comparison to all Component resources available for use in the funding and operation of the conducted program or activity, as determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security (or designee).
  • undue hardship  - An action requiring significant difficulty or expense to the employer. Factors to be considered include- (1) The nature and net cost of the accommodation needed; (2) The financial resources of the Department as a whole; and (3) The impact of the accommodation upon the operation of the Departments mission, including the impact on the ability of other employees to perform their duties and to conduct business.
  • undue hardship  - in the case of actions taken by an employer, actions requiring significant difficulty or expense, when considered in light of (A) the nature and cost of the action needed under this chapter; (B) the overall financial resources of the facility or facilities involved in the provision of the action; the number of persons employed at such facility; the effect on expenses and resources, or the impact otherwise of such action upon the operation of the facility; (C) the overall financial resources of the employer; the overall size of the business of an employer with respect to the number of its employees; the number, type, and location of its facilities; and (D) the type of operation or operations of the employer, including the composition, structure, and functions of the work force of such employer; the geographic separateness, administrative, or fiscal relationship of the facility or facilities in question to the employer.
  • unearned leave status  - leave approved to be used by a member of the armed forces that exceeds the amount of leave credit that has been accrued as a result of the member's active service and that has not been previously used by the member.
  • unemployed individual  - an individual who is without a job and who wants and is available for work. The determination of whether an individual is without a job, for purposes of this paragraph, shall be made in accordance with the criteria used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor in defining individuals as unemployed.
  • unencumbered  - that the United States has no obligation to foreign governments to use the uranium for only peaceful purposes.
  • unexploded explosive ordnance  — Explosive ordnance that has been primed, fused, armed or otherwise prepared for action, and that has been fired, dropped, launched, projected, or placed in such a manner as to constitute a hazard to operations, installations, personnel, or material and remains unexploded either by malfunction or design or for any other cause. Also called UXO. See also explosive ordnance.
  • unexploded explosive ordnance  - Explosive ordnance which has been primed, fused, armed or otherwise prepared for action, and which has been fired, dropped, launched, projected, or placed in such a manner as to constitute a hazard to operations, installations, personnel, or material and remains unexploded either by malfunction or design or for any other cause. Also called UXO. See also explosive ordnance.
  • unexploded ordnance  - explosive ordnance which has been primed, fused, armed or otherwise prepared for action, and remains unexploded either by malfunction or design or for any other cause, which has been fired, dropped, launched, projected, or placed in such a manner as to constitute a hazard to operations, installations, personnel, or material.
  • unexploded ordnance  - military munitions that — (A) have been primed, fused, armed, or otherwise prepared for action; (B) have been fired, dropped, launched, projected, or placed in such a manner as to constitute a hazard to operations, installations, personnel, or material; and (C) remain unexploded, whether by malfunction, design, or any other cause.
  • unfair trade practice  - any act, policy, or practice of a foreign country that — (i) violates, or is inconsistent with, the provisions of, or otherwise denies benefits to the United States under, any trade agreement to which the United States is a party; (ii) in the case of a monopolistic state trading enterprise engaged in the export sale of an agricultural commodity, implements a pricing practice that is inconsistent with sound commercial practice; (iii) provides a subsidy that — (I) decreases market opportunities for United States exports; or (II) unfairly distorts an agricultural market to the detriment of United States exporters; (iv) imposes an unfair technical barrier to trade, including — (I) a trade restriction or commercial requirement (such as a labeling requirement) that adversely affects a new technology (including biotechnology); and (II) an unjustified sanitary or phytosanitary restriction (including any restriction that, in violation of the Uruguay Round Agreements, is not based on scientific principles; (v) imposes a rule that unfairly restricts imports of United States agricultural commodities in the administration of tariff rate quotas; or (vi) fails to adhere to, or circumvents any obligation under, any provision of a trade agreement with the United States.
  • unfunded accrued liability  - the excess of the accrued liability, under an actuarial cost method which so provides, over the present value of the assets of a pension plan. The Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe regulations to carry out this paragraph.
  • unfunded liability  - the estimated amount by which — (A) the present value of all benefits payable from the fund exceeds (B) the sum of—(i) the present value of deductions to be withheld from the future basic pay of participants subject to subchapter II and of future Agency contributions to be made on the behalf of such participants; (ii) the present value of Government payments to the fund; and (iii) the fund balance as of the date on which the unfunded liability is determined.
  • unified action  - The synchronization, coordination, and/ or integration of the activities of governmental and nongovernmental entities with military operations to achieve unity of effort.
  • Unified Area Command  - Command system established when incidents under an Area Command are multijurisdictional. See Area Command.
  • unified combatant command  - a military command which has broad, continuing missions and which is composed of forces from two or more military departments.
  • unified combatant command  - See unified command.
  • unified command  - A command with a broad continuing mission under a single commander and composed of significant assigned components of two or more Military Departments that is established and so designated by the President, through the Secretary of Defense with the advice and assistance of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Also called unified combatant command. See also combatant command; subordinate unified command.
  • Unified Command  - A structure that brings together the ICs of all major organizations involved in the incident to coordinate an effective response, while at the same time allowing the ICs organizational entities to carry out their own jurisdictional responsibilities. While UC makeup for a specific incident is determined on a case-by-case basis, makeup of the UC may change as the incident progresses; to account for changes in the situation (e.g., transitions out of emergency response and into long-term cleanup). Linking the various entities responding to the incident, UC is responsible for overall management of the incident (unlike when there is a single IC who is solely responsible for an event) and provides a forum for UC entities to make consensus decisions. Also called UC.
  • Unified Command  - An Incident Command System application used when more than one agency has incident jurisdiction or when incidents cross political jurisdictions. Agencies work together through the designated members of the UC, often the senior person from agencies and/ or disciplines participating in the UC, to establish a common set of objectives and strategies and a single Incident Action Plan. Also called US.
  • unified command  - authority structure in which the role of incident commander is shared by two or more persons, each having authority in a different responding agency each agency that is part of the Unified Command still maintains its own authority, responsibility, and accountability.Lexicon, Terms )
  • Unified Command Plan  - The document, approved by the President, that sets forth basic guidance to all unified combatant commanders; establishes their missions, responsibilities, and force structure; delineates the general geographical area of responsibility for geographic combatant commanders; and specifies functional responsibilities for functional combatant commanders. Also called UCP. See also combatant command; combatant commander.
  • Unified Command Representative  - A representative from one of the organizations involved in and responding to an incident. UC representatives bring their authorities to the UC, as well as the resources to carry out their responsibilities. Members in a UC have a responsibility to the UC, but do not relinquish their department/ agency authority, responsibility, or accountability. To be a UC representative, the representatives organization must- (1) Have jurisdictional authority or functional responsibility for the incident under a law or ordinance; (2) Have an area of responsibility that is affected by the incident or response operations; (3) Be specifically charged with commanding, coordinating, or managing a major aspect of the response; and (4) Have the resources to support participation in the response organization.
  • Unified Coordination Group  - Provides leadership within the Joint Field Office. The Unified Coordination Group is comprised of specified senior leaders representing State and Federal interests, and in certain circumstances tribal governments, local jurisdictions, the private sector, or nongovernmental organizations. The Unified Coordination Group typically consists of the Principal Federal Official (if designated), Federal Coordinating Officer, State Coordinating Officer, and senior officials from other entities with primary statutory or jurisdictional responsibility and significant operational responsibility for an aspect of an incident (e.g., the Senior Health Official, Department of Defense representative, or Senior Federal Law Enforcement Official if assigned). Within the Unified Coordination Group, the Federal Coordinating Officer is the primary Federal official responsible for coordinating, integrating, and synchronizing Federal response activities.
  • uniform issuances  - Any chapter or subchapter of the FAM or FAH that applies to more than one foreign affairs agency.
  • uniform regulations  - The term used for joint directives agreed to by the Department and other Foreign Affairs agencies and incorporated into agency directives materials
  • Uniform Resource Locator  - The address of a website that includes the protocol used to reach the target server (http, https, ftp, etc.) and the host system (domain name) on which the document resides. The URL may also include the directory path to the document, and the document filename. The URL http -/ / www.state.gov identifies the protocol http and the domain name www.state.gov. The absence of a path and filename cause the host system to use locally assigned default values. Also called URL.
  • uniformed service  - the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Public Health Service, or National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • uniformed services  - Members of the armed forces (i.e., Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard) and other uniformed services (e.g., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Public Health Service).
  • uniformed services  - the Armed Forces, the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard when engaged in active duty for training, inactive duty training, or full-time National Guard duty, the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service, and any other category of persons designated by the President in time of war or national emergency.

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  • uniformed services  - the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard, the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service, and the commissioned corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • uniformed services  - The Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and Public Health Services. See also Military Department; Service.

uniformed services -(A) the armed forces;(B) the commissioned corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and (C) the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service.

  • unilateral agricultural sanction  - any prohibition, restriction, or condition on carrying out an agricultural program with respect to a foreign country or foreign entity that is imposed by the United States for reasons of foreign policy or national security, except in a case in which the United States imposes the measure pursuant to — (A) a multilateral regime and the other member countries of that regime have agreed to impose substantially equivalent measures; or (B) a mandatory decision of the United Nations Security Council.
  • unilateral medical sanction  - any prohibition, restriction, or condition on exports of, or the provision of assistance consisting of, medicine or a medical device with respect to a foreign country or foreign entity that is imposed by the United States for reasons of foreign policy or national security, except in a case in which the United States imposes the measure pursuant to — (A) a multilateral regime and the other member countries of that regime have agreed to impose substantially equivalent measures; or (B) a mandatory decision of the United Nations Security Council.
  • Unincorporated Territory or Outlying Possession  - an area over which the Constitution has not been expressly and fully extended by the Congress within the United States Constitution.
  • uninspected passenger vessel  - a vessel carrying six or less passengers.
  • uninterruptible power supply  - electrical apparatus that provides emergency power to a load when the input power source, typically mains power, fails or drops to an unacceptable voltage level.

unique and innovative concept- (1) In the opinion and to the knowledge of the Government evaluator, the meritorious proposal — (i) Is the product of original thinking submitted confidentially by one source; (ii) Contains new, novel, or changed concepts, approaches, or methods; (iii) Was not submitted previously by another; and (iv) Is not otherwise available within the Federal Government. (2) In this context, the term does not mean that the source has the sole capability of performing the research.

  • unique entity identifier  - a number or other identifier used to identify a specific commercial, nonprofit, or Government entity. See www.sam.gov for the designated entity for establishing unique entity identifiers.
  • unique identifier  - any visual designation affixed to a conspicuous location on the passport indicating that the individual is a covered sex offender.
  • unit  - 1. Any military element whose structure is prescribed by competent authority. 2. An organization title of a subdivision of a group in a task force. 3. A standard or basic quantity into which an item of supply is divided, issued, or used. Also called unit of issue. 4. With regard to Reserve Component of the Armed Forces, a selected reserve unit organized, equipped, and trained for mobilization to serve on active duty as a unit or to augment or be augmented by another unit.
  • unit  - a military organization of the armed forces designated as a unit by competent authority.
  • unit component testing - testing of individual hardware or software components or groups of related components.
  • unit aircraft  — Those aircraft provided an aircraft unit for the performance of a flying mission.
  • unit cost  - The total cost of operating a cost center divided by the total workload count is the unit cost.
  • unit identification code  - A six-character, alphanumeric code that uniquely identifies each Active, Reserve, and National Guard unit of the Armed Forces. Also called UIC.
  • unit line number  - A seven-character alphanumeric code that describes a unique increment of a unit deployment, i.e., advance party, main body, equipment by sea and air, reception team, or trail party, in the time-phased force and deployment data. Also called ULN.
  • unit load device  - Aviation terminology referring to a pallet or container used to load freight (i.e., U.S. diplomatic pouches) on wide-body aircraft and specific narrow-body aircraft. It allows a large quantity of cargo to be bundled into a single unit that can be lifted by mechanical devices. Also called ULD.
  • unit movement control center  - A temporary organization activated by major subordinate commands and subordinate units during deployment to control and manage marshalling and movement. Also called UMCC. See also deployment; marshaling; unit.
  • unit movement data  - A unit equipment and/ or supply listing containing corresponding transportability data. Tailored unit movement data has been modified to reflect a specific movement requirement. Also called UMD.
  • unit of general local government  - a city, county, town, parish, village, or other general-purpose political subdivision of a State.
  • unit of general local government  - any city, county, town, parish, village, or other general-purpose political subdivision of a State.
  • unit of general local government  - any general purpose political subdivision of a State that has the power to levy taxes and spend funds, as well as general corporate and police powers.
  • unit of general purpose local government  - any city, county, town, municipality, or other political subdivision of a State (or any combination thereof), which has a building code or similar authority over a particular geographic area.
  • unit of local government  - any general purpose political subdivision of a State which has the power to levy taxes and spend funds, as well as general corporate and police powers.

unit of local government -a county, municipality, town, township, village, or other unit of general government below the State level.

  • unit personnel and tonnage table  - A table included in the loading plan of a combat-loaded ship as a recapitulation of totals of personnel and cargo by type, listing cubic measurements and weight. Also called UP&TT.

  962  

  • unit security officer  - A cleared U.S. citizen direct-hire employee, personal services contractor or commercial contractor designated by the bureau executive directors to assist the principal unit security officer or bureau security officer in carrying out security responsibilities.
  • unit type code  - A Joint Chiefs of Staff developed and assigned code, consisting of five characters that uniquely identify a “type unit.” Also called UTC.
  • United Nations Headquarters District  - the area within the United States which is agreed to by the United Nations and the United States to constitute such a district, together with such other areas as the Secretary of State may approve from time to time in order to permit effective functioning of the United Nations or missions to the United Nations.
  • United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540  - Established, for the first time, binding obligations on states under Chapter VII of the UN Charter to develop and enforce appropriate legal and regulatory measures against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their means of delivery.

United States- (A) a Federal corporation;(B) an agency, department, commission, board, or other entity of the United States; or (C) an instrumentality of the United States.

  • United States  - all areas included within the territorial boundaries of the United States, including the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other territory or possession over which the United States exercises jurisdiction.
  • United States  - all areas under the territorial sovereignty of the United States and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
  • United States  - all areas under the territorial sovereignty of the United States and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
  • United States  - all land and water, continental or insular, in any way within the jurisdiction of the United States or occupied by the military or naval forces thereof.
  • United States  - all Territories and possessions of the United States except the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Wake Island, Midway Islands, Kingman Reef, Johnston Island, and the island of Guam.
  • United States  - all territory and waters, continental or insular, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
  • United States  - all territory and waters, continental or insular, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
  • United States  - all the States.
  • United States  - any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, any possession of the United States and any waters within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States.
  • United States  - any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, any possession of the United States, and any waters within the jurisdiction of the United

  963 States.

  • United States  - Includes the land area, internal waters, territorial sea, and airspace of the United States, including a. United States territories; and b. Other areas over which the United States Government has complete jurisdiction and control or has exclusive authority or defense responsibility.
  • United States  - The 50 States and the District of Columbia.
  • United States  - the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and any other territory or possession of the United States.
  • United States  - the Canal Zone and all territory and waters, continental and insular, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
  • United States  - the Canal Zone, and all territory and waters, continental or insular, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. The term person shall be deemed to mean any individual, partnership, association, company, or other incorporated body of individuals, or corporation, or body politic.
  • United States  - the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, and the District of Columbia.
  • United States  - the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
  • United States  - the customs territory of the United States, as defined in General Note 2 to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States.
  • United States  - the several States and the District of Columbia.
  • United States  - the several States the District of Columbia, and the territories and possessions of the United States.
  • United States  - the several States, the District of Columbia, and any commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.
  • United States  - The several States, the District of Columbia, and the States and areas defined under the term, nonforeign area.
  • United States  - the several States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Guam.
  • United States  - the States and the District of Columbia.
  • United States  - the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and any commonwealth, territory, dependency, or possession of the United States, and includes the outer Continental Shelf.
  • United States  - the United States and any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof.
  • United States  - used in a geographical sense, includes Puerto Rico, all Territories and possessions of the

  964   United States and the Canal Zone. Code 50, §47f. )

  • United States and its Territories  - The 50 States; the District of Columbia; the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands; and the Possessions Midway and Wake Islands.
  • United States Armed Forces  - Used to denote collectively the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard. See also Armed Forces of the United States.

United States assistance- (A) any assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, other than urgent humanitarian assistance or medicine;
(B) sales and assistance under the Arms Export Control Act; (C) financing by the Commodity Credit Corporation for export sales of agricultural commodities; and
(D) financing under the Export-Import Bank Act. United States assistance- (A) any assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, other than urgent humanitarian assistance or medicine;
(B) sales and assistance under the Arms Export Control Act; (C) financing by the Commodity Credit Corporation for export sales of agricultural commodities; and
(D) financing under the Export-Import Bank Act.

  • United States assistance- (A) any assistance under this Act, other than  — any other narcotics-related assistance under this part, but any such assistance provided under this clause shall be subject to the prior notification procedures applicable to reprogramming, disaster relief assistance, including any assistance, assistance which involves the provision of food or medicine, and assistance for refugees; (B) sales, or financing on any terms, under the Arms Export Control Act; (C) the provision of agricultural commodities, other than food, under the Food for Peace Act; and (D) financing under the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945.
  • United States assistance  - development and other economic assistance, including assistance made available under the following provisions of law: (1) Chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to development assistance). (2) Chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to the economic support fund). (3) Chapter 10 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to the Development Fund for Africa). (4) Chapter 11 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to assistance for the independent states of the former Soviet Union). (5) The Support for East European Democracy Act.
  • United States border officer  - with respect to a particular port of entry into the United States, any United States official who is performing duties at that port of entry.
  • United States Central Authority  - the agency of the Federal Government designated by the President.
  • United States Citizenship and Immigration Services  - Department of Homeland Security Operational Component that oversees lawful immigration to the United States by establishing national immigration services policies and priorities.
  • United States client  - a United States citizen or other individual who resides in the United States and who utilizes the services of an international marriage broker, if a payment is made or a debt is incurred to utilize such services.
  • United States Coast Guard  - Department of Homeland Security Operational Component that protects the public, the environment, and U.S. economic and security interests in any maritime region in which those interests may be at risk, including international waters and America’s coasts, ports, and inland waterways and is one of the Nation’s five armed forces.

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  • United States commercial provider  - a commercial provider, organized under the laws of the United States or of a State, that is — (A) more than 50 percent owned by United States nationals; or
(B) a subsidiary of a foreign company and the Secretary of Transportation finds that — (i) such subsidiary has in the past evidenced a substantial commitment to the United States market through — (I) investments in the United States in long-term research, development, and manufacturing (including the manufacture of major components and subassemblies); and (II) significant contributions to employment in the United States; and (ii) the country or countries in which such foreign company is incorporated or organized, and, if appropriate, in which it principally conducts its business, affords reciprocal treatment to companies comparable to that afforded to such foreign company's subsidiary in the United States, as evidenced by — (I) providing comparable opportunities for companies to participate in Government-sponsored research and development similar to that authorized under this chapter; (II) providing no barriers, to companies described in subparagraph (A) with respect to local investment opportunities, that are not provided to foreign companies in the United States; and (III) providing adequate and effective protection for the intellectual property rights of companies.
  • United States contiguous zone  - the contiguous zone of the United States under Presidential Proclamation 7219, dated September 2, 1999.
  • United States Customs and Border Protection  - Department of Homeland Security Operational Component that secures the Nation’s borders while facilitating the flow of legitimate trade and travel, safeguards the Nation’s homeland at and beyond its borders, enforces U.S. laws and regulations, and executes a priority mission of keeping terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering the United States
  • United States Department of Homeland Security  - cabinet level department of the United States Federal Government charged with protecting the United States of America and its Territories by preventing terrorism and enhancing its security; securing and managing its borders; enforcing and administering its immigration laws; safeguarding and securing its cyberspace, critical infrastructures and key resources; ensuring resilience to disasters; and, providing essential support to national and economic security the primary mission of the Department is to— - prevent terrorist attacks within the United States- reduce the vulnerability of the United States to terrorism - minimize the damage, and assist in the recovery, from terrorist attacks that do occur within the United States - carry out all functions of entities transferred to the Department, including by acting as a focal point regarding natural and manmade crises and emergency planning - ensure that the functions of the agencies and subdivisions within the Department that are not related directly to securing the homeland are not diminished or neglected except by a specific explicit Act of Congress - ensure that the overall economic security of the United States is not diminished by efforts, activities, and programs aimed at securing the homeland - ensure that the civil rights and civil liberties of persons are not diminished by efforts, activities, and programs aimed at securing the homeland - monitor connections between illegal drug trafficking and terrorism, coordinate efforts to sever such connections, and otherwise contribute to efforts to interdict illegal drug trafficking - promoting the efficient and secure movement of people and goods, enforcing U.S. trade laws, and fostering a resilient global supply chain.

United States development assistance- (1) assistance provided by the United States under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961; and (2) assistance provided under any other provision of law to carry out purposes comparable to those set forth in provisions.

  • United States firm  - a business entity that performs substantially all of its manufacturing, production, and research and development activities in the United States. United States Government agency - any department, board, wholly or partly owned corporation, or instrumentality, commission, or establishment of the United States Government.
  • United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement  - Department of Homeland Security

  966   Operational Component that enforces immigration and customs laws and protects the United States against terrorist attacks by identifying criminal activities and eliminating vulnerabilities that pose a threat along our borders, as well as enforcing economic, transportation and infrastructure security.Lexicon, Terms )

  • United States internal waters  - all waters of the United States on the landward side of the baseline from which the breadth of the United States territorial sea is measured.
  • United States maritime domain  - all U.S. ports, inland waterways, harbors, navigable waters, Great Lakes, territorial seas, contiguous zone, customs waters, coastal seas, littoral areas, the U.S. EEZ and oceanic regions of U.S. National interest, as well as the seas lanes to the United States, U.S. maritime approaches, and the high seas surrounding America.
  • United States marshal  - a United States marshal, a deputy marshal, or an official of the United States Marshals Service.
  • United States message text format  - A program designed to enhance joint and combined combat effectiveness through standardization of message formats, data elements, and information exchange procedures. Also called USMTF.
  • United States Naval Ship  - A public vessel of the United States that is in the custody of the Navy and is: a. Operated by the Military Sealift Command and manned by a civil service crew; or b. Operated by a commercial company under contract to the Military Sealift Command and manned by a merchant marine crew. Also called USNS. See also Military Sealift Command.
  • United States of America geographical  - 50 states and the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, any possession of the United States, and associated territorial waters and airspace.

United States person- (A) a natural person who is a national of the United States; or (B) a corporation or other legal entity that is organized under the laws of the United States, any State or territory thereof, or the District of Columbia, if natural persons described in subparagraph (A) own, directly or indirectly, more than 50 percent of the outstanding capital stock or other beneficial interest in such legal entity. United States person- (A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence to the United States; or(B) an entity organized under the laws of the United States or of any jurisdiction within the United States, including a foreign branch of such an entity. United States person- (A) a United States citizen; (B) a partnership, corporation, or other legal entity that is organized under the laws of the United States; and (C) a partnership, corporation, or other legal entity that is organized under the laws of a foreign country and is controlled by entities described in subparagraph (B) or United States citizens, or both. United States person- (A) a United States citizen;(B) an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence to the United States;(C) an alien lawfully residing in the United States at the time that the speech that is the subject of the foreign defamation action was researched, prepared, or disseminated; or(D) a business entity incorporated in, or with its primary location or place of operation in, the United States. United States person- (A) any United States citizen or any alien admitted for permanent residence into the United States; (B) any entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including its foreign branches); and (C) any person in the United States.

  • United States person  - a person which — (A) is incorporated or legally organized under the laws of the United States, including the laws of any State, locality, or the District of Columbia; (B) has its

  967 principal place of business in the United States; (C) has been incorporated or legally organized in the United States for more than 2 years before the issuance date of the invitation for bids or request for proposals with respect to the contract; (D) has performed within the United States or overseas security services similar in complexity to the contract being bid; (E) with respect to the contract, has achieved a total business volume equal to or greater than the value of the project being bid in 3 years of the 5-year period before the date specified in subparagraph (C); (F)(i) employs United States citizens in at least 80 percent of its principal management positions in the United States; and (ii) employs United States citizens in more than half of its permanent, full-time positions in the United States; and (G) has the existing technical and financial resources in the United States to perform the contract. §4864 )

  • United States person  - A United States citizen; an alien known by the concerned intelligence agency to be a permanent resident alien; an unincorporated association substantially composed of United States citizens or permanent resident aliens; or a corporation incorporated in the United States, except for those directed and controlled by a foreign government or governments. United States person - A) an individual who is a citizen of the United States or an alien admitted for permanent residence to the United States; or(B) a corporation, partnership, or other nongovernment entity which is not a foreign person.
  • United States person  - individual that is: 1) a United States citizen; (2) a Lawful Permanent Resident;
  • United States person information  - information that concerns or relates to a United States person, regardless of whether that information permits the identity of a United States person to be directly or indirectly inferred.
  • United States Postal Service  - An independent establishment of the executive branch of the U.S. Government, with a mandate to provide reliable, affordable universal mail service. Also called USPS.
  • United States public vessel  - any vessel, except a warship, owned or demise chartered, and operated by a United States Government Agency and not engaged in commercial service, e.g., some of the vessels in service to the United States Navy’s Military Sealift Command.
  • United States Secret Service  - Department of Homeland Security Operational Component that protects the President and Vice President of the United States, their families, heads of state, and other designated individuals; plans and implements security designs for designated National Special Security Events; investigates violations of laws relating to counterfeiting of obligations and securities of the United States; investigates financial crimes that include, but are not limited to, access device fraud; and investigates computer-based attacks and intrusions.
  • United States segment of the International Space Station  - those elements of the International Space Station manufactured—(1) by the United States; or
(2) for the United States by other nations in exchange for funds or launch services.
  • United States Student  - A U.S. citizen who is an applicant for a grant, or a grantee, who plans a program of academic study or research at the post-baccalaureate level under the sponsorship of the Fulbright Program.
  • United States territorial sea  - the waters of the United States territorial sea under Presidential Proclamation 5928, dated December 27, 1988.

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  • United States undocumented vessel  - any United States vessel, not having and not required to have a certificate of documentation issued under Federal law.
  • United States waters  - United States internal waters, the United States territorial sea, and the United States contiguous zone.
  • United States wine  - wine produced within the customs territory of the United States.
  • United States-controlled shipping  - Shipping under United States flag and selected ships under foreign flag considered to be under effective United States control. See also effective United States- controlled ships.
  • United States-Mexico Border Area  - the area located in the United States and Mexico within 100 kilometers of the border between the United States and Mexico.
  • United States-supported microfinance institution  - a financial intermediary that has received funds made available under subchapter I of this chapter for fiscal year 1980 or any subsequent fiscal year.
  • unity of command  - Principle of management stating that each individual involved in incident operations will be assigned to only one supervisor.
  • unity of command  - The operation of all forces under a single responsible commander who has the requisite authority to direct and employ those forces in pursuit of a common purpose.
  • unity of command  - The vesting of a single commander with the requisite authority to direct and coordinate the actions of all forces employed toward a common objective. Unity of command obtains the unity of effort that is essential to the decisive application of all available combat power. Subordinates are then focused on attaining the overall objectives as communicated from a single commander. In turn, this fosters freedom of action, decentralized control, and initiative. Hierarchical organization principle that no subordinate should report to more than one boss.
  • unity of effort  - 1. Coordination and cooperation toward common objectives, even if the participants are not necessarily part of the same command or organization - the product of successful unified action. (DOD) A cooperative concept, which refers to coordination and communication among USG organizations toward the same common goals for success; in order to achieve unity of effort, it is not necessary for all organizations to be controlled under the same command structure, but it is necessary for each agency's efforts to be in harmony with the short- and long-term goals of the mission. Unity of effort is based on four principles: Common understanding of the situation. Common vision or goals for the R&S mission. Coordination of efforts to ensure continued coherency. Common measures of progress and ability to change course if necessary.
  • unity of effort  - Coordination and cooperation toward common objectives, even if the participants are not necessarily part of the same command or organization, which is the product of successful unified action.
  • unity of effort  - harmonizing of activities among multiple organizations involves working toward a similar objective while respecting the chain of command and authorities of each participating organization.
  • unity of purpose  - 1. Coordination and cooperation among civilian and military actors from one or more nations toward mutually agreed, common objectives or outcomes. 2. Authorities, institutions, processes, and other means that can be used to direct all elements of national power in pursuit of a common understanding of the situation and common vision or goals for the mission.

  969

  • universal design  - a concept or philosophy for designing and delivering products and services that are usable by people with the widest possible range of functional capabilities, which include products and services that are directly accessible (without requiring assistive technologies) and products and services that are interoperable with assistive technologies.
  • universal design for learning  - a scientifically valid framework for guiding educational practice that (A ) provides flexibility in the ways information is presented, in the ways students respond or demonstrate knowledge and skills, and in the ways students are engaged; and (B) reduces barriers in instruction, provides appropriate accommodations, supports, and challenges, and maintains high achievement expectations for all students, including students with disabilities and students who are limited in English proficiency.
  • Universal Joint Task List  — A menu of capabilities that may be selected by a joint force commander to accomplish the assigned mission. Also called UJTL.
  • universal joint task list  - A menu of mission-derived assignments, including associated conditions and standards, from which a joint force commander may select. These mission-essential tasks are reflected within the command joint mission essential task list.
  • universal polar stereographic grid  — A military grid prescribed for joint use in operations in limited areas and used for operations requiring precise position reporting. It covers areas between the 80 degree parallels and the poles.
  • Universal Task List  - A menu of unique tasks that link strategies to prevention, protection, response, and recovery tasks for the major events represented by the National Planning Scenarios. It provides a common vocabulary of critical tasks that support development of essential capabilities among organizations at all levels. The List was used to assist in creating the Target Capabilities List.
  • universal testing of newborns  - HIV/ AIDS testing that is administered within 48 hours of delivery to —
  • Universal Time  - A measure of time that conforms, within a close approximation, to the mean diurnal rotation of the Earth and serves as the basis of civil timekeeping. Also called ZULU time. (Formerly called Greenwich Mean Time. )
  • universal waste  - hazardous wasted subject to universal waste requirements includes; spent or discarded lead-acid (“wet cell”) batteries, mercury thermostats and other mercury-containing equipment, small amounts of recalled pesticides or waste pesticides being managed through a collection program, and whole fluorescent light bulbs.
  • universities  - those colleges or universities in each State, territory, or possession of the United States, or the District of Columbia, now receiving, or which may hereafter receive, benefits under the Act of July 2, 1862 (known as the First Morrill Act), or the Act of August 30, 1890 (known as the Second Morrill Act), which are commonly known as ‘‘land-grant’’ universities; institutions now designated or which may hereafter be designated as sea-grant colleges under the Act of October 15, 1966 (known as the National Sea Grant College and Program Act), which are commonly known as sea- grant colleges; Native American land-grant colleges as authorized under the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994; and other United States colleges and universities which — (1) have demonstrable capacity in teaching, research, and extension (including outreach) activities in the agricultural sciences; and (2) can contribute effectively to the attainment of the objective of this title.
  • unknown  - 1. A code meaning “information not available.” 2. An unidentified target. An aircraft or ship that has not been determined to be hostile, friendly, or neutral using identification friend or foe

  970   and other techniques, but that must be tracked by air defense or naval engagement systems. 3. An identity applied to an evaluated track that has not been identified. See also assumed friend; friend; neutral; suspect. JP 3‐01 )

  • unknown bulk explosive  - unidentified explosive found in the main charge of an improvised explosive device (IED) (after exploitation, it will be categorized).
  • unliquidated obligations  - For financial reports prepared on a cash basis, this is the amount of obligations incurred by the recipient that have not been paid. For reports prepared on an accrued expenditure basis, they represent the amount of obligations incurred by the recipient for which an outlay has not been recorded.
  • unliquidated obligations  - the amount of obligations incurred by the recipient that have not been paid. For reports prepared on an accrued expenditure basis, they represent the amount of obligations incurred by the recipient for which an outlay has not been recorded.
  • unmanned aircraft  - A device used or intended to be used for flight in the air that has no onboard pilot. This includes all classes of airplanes, helicopters, airships, and powered-lift aircraft without an onboard pilot. Unmanned aircraft may range from micro vehicles measuring inches in size and ounces in weight to large aircraft weighing more than 30,000 pounds. Traditional balloons, tethered aircraft and un-powered gliders do not fall within the UAS definition and are therefore not subject to the requirements of the FAM but may be subject to other applicable regulations and guidelines for safety and airspace deconfliction. Also called UA.
  • unmanned aircraft  - An aircraft that does not carry a human operator and is capable of flight with or without human remote control. Also called UA.
  • unmanned aircraft  - an aircraft that is operated without the possibility of direct human intervention from within or on the aircraft.
  • unmanned aircraft system  - A UA and its associated elements related to safe operation, which may include control stations, control links, support equipment, payloads, flight termination systems, and launch/ recovery equipment. Also called UAS.
  • unmanned aircraft system  - an unmanned aircraft and associated elements (including communication links and the components that control the unmanned aircraft) that are required for the pilot in command to operate safely and efficiently in the national airspace system.
  • unmarried  - an individual who at such time is not married, whether or not previously married.
  • unobligated balance  - the portion of the funds authorized by the Federal awarding agency that has not been obligated by the recipient and is determined by deducting the cumulative obligations from the cumulative funds authorized.
  • unobligated balance  - The portion of the funds authorized by the Federal-awarding agency that has not been obligated by the recipient and is determined by deducting the cumulative obligations from the cumulative funds authorized.
  • unofficial  - Speaking, writing, or teaching is unofficial when conducted in a private capacity outside U.S. Government property, work hours, or orders and concerns such matters as the employee or former employee may be involved in by virtue of unofficial, personal, or avocational interests. These activities fall into two categories- (1) Unofficial but of official concern; or (2) Unofficial and of no official concern. These are all activities and subjects that do not require clearance.

  971

  • unofficial  - Speaking, writing, or teaching is unofficial when conducted in a private capacity outside U.S. Government property, work hours, or orders. An activity can be unofficial but still be of official concern.
  • unofficial travel  - travel other than official travel, undertaken at the personal discretion of an individual.
  • U-nonimmigrant status  - nonimmigrant status set aside for those who are or have been victims of criminal activity designated in INA (qualifying crimes) who have suffered substantial mental or physical abuse as a result of being a victim of criminal activity, possess relevant information concerning the crime, and have been helpful, are being helpful, or are likely to be helpful to law enforcement or government officials in the investigation or prosecution of the criminal activity. allows victims to remain in the United States for up to four years (or longer if a limited exception applies), receive work authorization, and, if certain conditions are met, apply for adjustment of status to that of a lawful permanent resident (LPR).
  • unplanned target  - A target of opportunity that is known to exist in the operational environment. See also operational area; target; target of opportunity.
  • unprocessed agricultural products  - food, fiber, and other agricultural products that have not been packaged or otherwise prepared for retail sale, including animal products and unfinished cotton, wool, leather, or any other unfinished natural material.
  • unreasonable price  - point when a recycled product’s cost is greater than the cost of a product made from virgin material.
  • unrecovered indirect cost  - the difference between the amount awarded and the amount which could have been awarded under the recipient's approved negotiated indirect cost rate.
  • unrecovered indirect cost  - The difference between the amount awarded and the amount, which could have been awarded, under the recipient's approved negotiated indirect cost rate.
  • unregulated hazardous substance  - a hazardous substance — (A) for which no standard, requirement, criteria, or limitation is in effect under the Toxic Substances Control Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, the Clean Air Act, or the Clean Water Act; and (B) for which no water quality criteria are in effect under any provision of the Clean Water Act.
  • unresolved  - An unresolved recommendation occurs when the action office- (1) Has not responded to OIG; (2) Has failed to address the recommendation in a manner satisfactory to OIG; (3) Disagrees with the recommendation and did not suggest an alternative acceptable to OIG; or (4) Requests OIG to refer the matter to impasse, and the impasse official has not yet issued a decision.
  • unresolved abduction case  - an abduction case that remains unresolved for a period that exceeds 12 months after the date on which the completed application for return of the child is submitted for determination to the judicial or administrative authority, as applicable, in the country in which the child is located.
  • unrestricted reporting  - A process that a Service member uses to disclose, without requesting confidentiality or restricted reporting, that he or she is the victim of a sexual assault.
  • unsafeguarded nuclear fuel-cycle activity  - research on, or development, design, manufacture, construction, operation, or maintenance of — (A) any existing or future reactor, critical facility, conversion plant, fabrication plant, reprocessing plant, plant for the separation of isotopes of source or special fissionable material, or separate storage installation with respect to which there is no obligation to accept IAEA safeguards at the relevant reactor, facility, plant, or installation that

  972   contains source or special fissionable material; or (B) any existing or future heavy water production plant with respect to which there is no obligation to accept IAEA safeguards on any nuclear material produced by or used in connection with any heavy water produced therefrom.

  • unsafeguarded special nuclear material  - special nuclear material which is held in violation of IAEA safeguards or not subject to IAEA safeguards (excluding any quantity of material that could, if it were exported from the United States, be exported under a general license issued by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission).
  • unscheduled discrete organic chemical  - any chemical not listed on any schedule contained in the Annex on Chemicals of the Convention that belongs to the class of chemical compounds consisting of all compounds of carbon, except for its oxides, sulfides, and metal carbonates.
  • unscheduled record  - documentary material that has not been included on a Standard Form 115, “Request for Records Disposition Authority,” approved by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); those described but not authorized for disposal on an SF 115 approved prior to May 14, 1973; and those described on an SF 115 but not approved by NARA (withdrawn, canceled, or disapproved).
  • unscheduled records  - Records whose final disposition has not been determined by NARA are unscheduled; they are treated as permanent records until NARA determines what their final disposition should be.
  • unscheduled telework  - Telework on an unscheduled basis in response to snow or other unexpected emergencies and in accordance with OPM notifications and guidance. Unscheduled telework may be performed when an unscheduled telework announcement is issued, irrespective of whether the employee was scheduled to telework.
  • unsolicited proposal  - a written proposal for a new or innovative idea that is submitted to an agency on the initiative of the offeror for the purpose of obtaining a contract with the Government, and that is not in response to a request for proposals, Broad Agency Announcement, Small Business Innovation Research topic, Small Business Technology Transfer Research topic, Program Research and Development Announcement, or any other Government-initiated solicitation or program.
  • unstable patient  - A patient whose physiological status is in fluctuation and for whom emergent, treatment, and/ or surgical intervention are anticipated during treatment or evacuation; and the patient’s rapidly changing status and requirements are beyond the standard en route care capability and requires medical/ surgical augmentation.
  • unstuffing  - The removal of cargo from a container. Also called stripping.
  • untreated sewage  - sewage that is not treated sewage.
  • unusual hours  - Work hours that are frequently required to be varied and do not coincide with any regular work schedule. This category includes individuals who regularly work significantly more than eight (8) hours per day. It does not include shift workers, those on alternate work schedules, and those granted exceptions to the normal work schedule (e.g., flextime).
  • unusual work hours  - work hours that are frequently varied and do not coincide with any regular work schedule, and regularly reach significantly beyond an 8 hour work day excludes employees working shift hours, alternative work schedules or who work an approved exception to normal work hours, such as a flex schedule.
  • unwitting co-optees  - group or person who provide support to terrorism without knowing that their actions are contributing to terrorism. Such persons may suspect that they are being used. Not all unwitting co-optees are engaging in criminal behavior.
  • up to three months  - Not more than six biweekly pay periods.
  • upgrade  - a new version of a website or web page designed to replace an older version of the same product.
  • upgrading  - The determination that particular unclassified or classified information requires a higher degree of protection against unauthorized disclosure than currently provided. Such determination shall be coupled with a marking of the material with the new designation.
  • upper atmosphere  - that portion of the Earth's sensible atmosphere above the troposphere.
  • upstream subsidy  - any countervailable subsidy, other than an export subsidy, that — (1) is paid or bestowed by an authority with respect to a product that is used in the same country as the authority in the manufacture or production of merchandise which is the subject of a countervailing duty proceeding; (2) in the judgment of the administering authority bestows a competitive benefit on the merchandise; and (3) has a significant effect on the cost of manufacturing or producing the merchandise.

urban area- (A) a geographical area within the jurisdiction of an incorporated city, town, borough, village, or other unit of general local government, except a county or parish, having a population of at least 10,000 inhabitants; (B) that portion of the geographical area within the jurisdiction of a county, town, township, or similar governmental entity which contains no incorporated unit of general local government but has a population density of at least 1,500 inhabitants per square mile; and (C) that portion of a geographical area having a population density of at least 1,500 inhabitants per square mile and situated adjacent to the boundary of an incorporated unit of general local government which has a population of at least 10,000.

  • urban area  - an area that includes a municipality or other built-up place that the Secretary, after considering local patterns and trends of urban growth, decides is appropriate for a local public transportation system to serve individuals in the locality.
  • Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces  - A framework for structuring local emergency services personnel into integrated disaster response task forces. The 28 National US&R Task Forces, complete with the necessary tools, equipment, skills, and techniques, can be deployed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency to assist State and local governments in rescuing victims of structural collapse incidents or to assist in other search and rescue missions. Also called US&R Task Forces.
  • urbanized area  - an area encompassing a population of not less than 50,000 people that has been defined and designated in the most recent decennial census as an urbanized area by the Secretary of Commerce.
  • urgency measure  - measure of how long it will be until an incident, problem or change has a significant impact.
  • urgent  - An urgent circumstance is when failure to issue a passport would impede the applicants ability to travel, e.g., cause her/ him to delay and/ or miss a trip.
  • US forces  - All Armed Forces (including the Coast Guard) of the United States, any person in the Armed Forces of the United States, and all equipment of any description that either belongs to the US Armed Forces or is being used (including Type I and II Military Sealift Command vessels), escorted, or conveyed by the US Armed Forces.Dictionary, JP 1 )
  • US national  - US citizen and US permanent and temporary legal resident aliens.
  • USA PATRIOT Act  - the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of 2001.
  • usable water  - water of a high quality suitable for environmental enhancement, agricultural, industrial, municipal, and other beneficial consumptive or nonconsumptive uses.
  • use case  - technique for capturing functional requirements of business systems and, potentially, of an IT system to support the business system.
  • use of force policy  — Policy guidance issued by the Commandant, United States Coast Guard, on the use of force and weapons.
  • use of force policy  - Policy guidance issued by the Commandant, US Coast Guard, on the use of force and weapons.
  • used for commercial purposes  - the carriage of persons or property for any fare, fee, rate, charge or other consideration, or directly or indirectly in connection with any business, or other undertaking intended for profit.
  • used fur  - fur in any form which has been worn or used by an ultimate consumer.
  • used oil  - any oil which has been — (A) refined from crude oil, (B) used, and (C) as a result of such use, contaminated by physical or chemical impurities.
  • used oil  - any oil which has been refined from crude oil, has been used, and as a result of such use has been contaminated by physical or chemical impurities
  • used oil  - oil that has been refined from crude oil or synthetic oil that has been used, and as a result of such use, is contaminated by physical or chemical impurities.

useful and efficient service- (1) Acceptable performance of the critical or essential elements of the job; and (2) A satisfactory conduct and attendance.

  • useful life  - An estimate of how long an item of property can be expected to be usable in trade or business or to produce income.
  • useful life  - The estimated period of economic usefulness of a capital asset.
  • user  - anyone who enters into an agreement with the Administration for use of all or a portion of a space vehicle, who owns or provides property to be flown on a space vehicle, or who employs a person to be flown on a space vehicle.
  • user  - entity that requires services for performance of a specific function.
  • user  - Individual, or (system) process acting on behalf of an individual, authorized to access an information system.
  • user IT services  - person issued information technology (IT) equipment and/ or has access to information systems to facilitate their job duties.

user IT services] international - person issued information technology (IT) equipment for use during international travel.

  • user activity monitoring  - technical capability to observe and record the actions and activities of an individual, at any time, on any device accessing U.S. Government information from information technology in order to detect insider threats activities include but are not limited to keystrokes, copy and paste, printing, viewing document content, web browser use, emailing (government and non- government accounts), messaging, and use of removable media.
  • user ID  - Unique character string used by an information system to identify a specific user.
  • usual commercial quantities  - in any case in which the subject merchandise is sold in the et under consideration at different prices for different quantities, means the quantities in which such merchandise is there sold at the price or prices for one quantity in an aggregate volume which is greater than the aggregate volume sold at the price or prices for any other quantity.
  • utility  - any person, State agency (including any municipality), or Federal agency, which sells electric or gas energy to retail customers.
  • utility energy services contract  - contract between a Component and a local utility providing energy, water, or sewage services includes the provision of technical services and/ or upfront project financing for energy efficiency, water conservation, and renewable energy investments that allows federal agencies to pay for the services over time either through their utility bills or through a separate agreement.
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