Dictionary-of-government-W

From WikiMD

  • wages  - the money rate at which the service rendered by an employee is compensated by an employer under the contract of hiring in force at the time of the injury, including the reasonable value of any advantage which is received from the employer and included for purposes of any withholding of tax under subtitle C of title 26 (relating to employment taxes). The term wages does not include fringe benefits, including (but not limited to) employer payments for or contributions to a retirement, pension, health and welfare, life insurance, training, social security or other employee or dependent benefit plan for the employee's or dependent's benefit, or any other employee's dependent entitlement.
  • waiting period  - the period that must pass with respect to the individual before the individual is eligible to be covered for benefits under the terms of the plan.
  • waiting period  - with respect to a group health plan and an individual who is a potential participant or beneficiary in the plan, the period that must pass with respect to the individual before the individual is eligible to be covered for benefits under the terms of the plan.
  • waived special access program  - unacknowledged special access program to which the access is further restricted and the Secretary or Deputy Secretary has waived full congressional reporting requirements.
  • walk-in  - An unsolicited contact who provides information.
  • war activities  - activities directly relating to military operations.
  • war crime  - any conduct—
(1) defined as a grave breach in any of the international conventions signed at Geneva 12 August 1949, or any protocol to such convention to which the United States is a party; (2) prohibited by Article 23, 25, 27, or 28 of the Annex to the Hague Convention IV, Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, signed 18 October 1907;
(3) which constitutes a grave breach of common Article 3 when committed in the context of and in association with an armed conflict not of an international character; or (4) of a person who, in relation to an armed conflict and contrary to the provisions of the Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices as amended at Geneva on 3 May 1996, when the United States is a party to such

  990   Protocol, willfully kills or causes serious injury to civilians.

  • war material  - arms, armament, ammunition, livestock, forage, forest products and standing timber, stores of clothing, air, water, food, foodstuffs, fuel, supplies, munitions, and all articles, parts or ingredients, intended for, adapted to, or suitable for the use of the United States or any associate nation, in connection with the conduct of war or defense activities.
  • war material  - arms, armament, ammunition, stores, supplies, and equipment for ships and airplanes, and everything required for or in connection with the production thereof.
  • war premises  - all buildings, grounds, mines, or other places wherein such war material is being produced, manufactured, repaired, stored, mined, extracted, distributed, loaded, unloaded, or transported, together with all machinery and appliances therein contained; and all forts, arsenals, navy yards, camps, prisons, or other installations of the Armed Forces of the United States, or any associate nation.
  • war reserve materiel requirement  - That portion of the war materiel requirement required to be on hand on D-day. This level consists of the war materiel requirement less the sum of the peacetime assets assumed to be available on D-day and the war materiel procurement capability.
  • war reserve stock  - That portion of total materiel assets designated to satisfy the war reserve materiel requirement. Also called WRS. See also reserve; war reserve materiel requirement.

war risks- (A) any part of a loss excluded from marine insurance coverage under a free of capture or seizure clause or analogous clause; and (B) any other loss from a hostile act, including confiscation, expropriation, nationalization, or deprivation.

  • war utilities  - all railroads, railways, electric lines, roads of whatever description, any railroad or railway fixture, canal, lock, dam, wharf, pier, dock, bridge, building, structure, engine, machine, mechanical contrivance, car, vehicle, boat, aircraft, airfields, air lanes, and fixtures or appurtenances thereof, or any other means of transportation whatsoever, whereon or whereby such war material or any troops of the United States, or of any associate nation, are being or may be transported either within the limits of the United States or upon the high seas or elsewhere; and all air-conditioning systems, dams, reservoirs, aqueducts, water and gas mains and pipes, structures and buildings, whereby or in connection with which air, water or gas is being furnished, or may be furnished, to any war premises or to the Armed Forces of the United States, or any associate nation, and all electric light and power, steam or pneumatic power, telephone and telegraph plants, poles, wires, and fixtures, and wireless stations, and the buildings connected with the maintenance and operation thereof used to supply air, water, light, heat, power, or facilities of communication to any war premises or to the Armed Forces of the United States, or any associate nation.
  • warden system  - An informal method of communication used to pass information to United States citizens living in affected areas overseas during emergencies. See also noncombatant evacuation operation.
  • warehouse  - a structure or other approved storage facility, as determined by the Secretary, in which any agricultural product may be stored or handled for the purposes of interstate or foreign commerce.
  • warehouse  - building or facility used for storage includes buildings or facilities identified for materials, vehicle storage, or ammunition storage (also includes underground or earth covered storage bunkers and magazines); excludes water reservoirs and petroleum, oil and lubricant (POL) storage tanks which are considered storage structures.
  • warehouse operator  - a person that is lawfully engaged in the business of storing or handling agricultural

  991 products. §241. )

  • warning message  - message providing notice of an imminent threat, or sign of impending hazard, risk or incident posing a threat to life or property is specific and actionable rather than merely stating a general concern about a potential event; provides notice for emergency response personnel and the public to the threat of extraordinary danger and related effects that specific hazards may cause.
  • warning intelligence  - Those intelligence activities intended to detect and report time-sensitive intelligence information on foreign developments that forewarn of hostile actions or intention against United States entities, partners, or interests.
  • warning order  - 1. A preliminary notice of an order or action that is to follow. 2. A planning directive that initiates the development and evaluation of military courses of action by a supported commander and requests that the supported commander submit a commander’s estimate. 3. A planning directive that describes the situation, allocates forces and resources, establishes command relationships, provides other initial planning guidance, and initiates subordinate unit mission planning. Also called WARNORD.
  • warrant  - An official document issued by the Secretary of the Treasury that reflects an amount of money authorized and appropriated by public law to be withdrawn from the Department of Treasury. Warranted amounts are established in Treasury Department accounts and subsequent fiscal activity reported by administering departments and agencies is reflected against those amounts for consolidated Federal accounting.
  • warrant officer  - a member of the naval service serving in a warrant officer grade. It includes, unless otherwise specified, a member who holds a permanent enlisted grade and a temporary appointment in a warrant officer grade.
  • warrant officer  - a person who holds a commission or warrant in a warrant officer grade.
  • warranty  - a promise or affirmation given by a contractor to the Government regarding the nature, usefulness, or condition of the supplies or performance of services furnished under the contract.
  • war-risk hazard  - any hazard arising during a war in which the United States is engaged; during an armed conflict in which the United States is engaged, whether or not war has been declared; or during a war or armed conflict between military forces of any origin, occurring within any country in which a person covered by this chapter is serving; from — (1) the discharge of any missile (including liquids and gas) or the use of any weapon, explosive, or other noxious thing by a hostile force or person or in combating an attack or an imagined attack by a hostile force or person; or (2) action of a hostile force or person, including rebellion or insurrection against the United States or any of its Allies; or (3) the discharge or explosion of munitions intended for use in connection with a war or armed conflict with a hostile force or person as defined herein (except with respect to employees of a manufacturer, processor, or transporter of munitions during the manufacture, processing, or transporting thereof, or while stored on the premises of the manufacturer, processor, or transporter); or (4) the collision of vessels in convoy or the operation of vessels or aircraft without running lights or without other customary peacetime aids to navigation; or (5) the operation of vessels or aircraft in a zone of hostilities or engaged in war activities.
  • wartime reserve modes  - Characteristics and operating procedures of sensor, communications, navigation aids, threat recognition, weapons, and countermeasures systems that will contribute to military effectiveness if unknown to or misunderstood by opposing commanders before they are used, but could be exploited or neutralized if known in advance. Also called WARM.
  • Washington Funded Costs  - A standard cost covering expenses paid for centrally but budgeted locally.

  992   Washington funded costs include the cost of U.S. direct-hire salaries and benefits paid centrally, the cost of post assignment and travel, certain regional bureau costs and contributions to the Foreign Service National Separation Liability Trust Fund. Washington Funded Costs are approved by the ICASS Working Group annually and provided to post. Washington Funded amounts are entered into quasi sub-object codes by the post when preparing its ICASS budget. USAID, FAH, 6 FAH‐5 H‐041 )

  • Washington Interagency Telecommunications System  - A network of GSA owned and operated PBXs that provide telecommunications services within the Washington, DC, Metropolitan area to U.S. Government agencies on a time and materials contract basis. Also called WITS.
  • Washington Liaison Group  - An organization consisting of members of Department of State and Department of Defense, chaired by a representative of Department of State, which has basic responsibility for the coordination and implementation of plans for the protection and evacuation in emergencies of persons abroad for whom the Secretaries of State or Defense are responsible. Also called WLG.
  • Washington metropolitan region  - the District of Columbia, the counties of Montgomery and Prince Georges in Maryland, and the counties of Arlington and Fairfax and the cities of Alexandria and Falls Church in Virginia.
  • Wassenaar Arrangement  - the multilateral export control regime in which the United States participates that seeks to promote transparency and responsibility with regard to transfers of conventional armaments and sensitive dual-use items.
  • waste diversion  - activity that diverts solid waste from landfill disposal.

waste energy- (A) exhaust heat or flared gas from any industrial process;(B) waste gas or industrial tail gas that would otherwise be flared, incinerated, or vented; (C) a pressure drop in any gas, excluding any pressure drop to a condenser that subsequently vents the resulting heat; and(D) such other forms of waste energy as the Administrator may determine.

  • waste fur  - the ears, throats, or scrap pieces which have been severed from the animal pelt, and shall include mats or plates made therefrom.
  • waste minimization  - practice of source reduction or recycling.
  • waste prevention  - process and policy in the design, manufacturing, purchase, or use of materials or products, including packaging, to reduce the amount of those materials or products or their toxicity before they are discarded.
  • waste reduction  - preventing or decreasing the amount of waste being generated through waste prevention, recycling, or purchasing recycled and environmentally preferable products.
  • wastewater  - water that has been used and that contains dissolved or suspended waste materials.
  • watch message  - message by the National Weather Service indicating that, in a defined area, conditions are favorable for a specified type of severe weather used when the risk of a hazardous weather or hydrologic event has increased significantly, but its occurrence, location, and/ or timing is still uncertain.
  • watch list  - compilation of identified data attributes necessary to support activities addressing specific issues of concern information is published or disseminated on a regular basis to appropriate entities

  993 for action. Terms )

  • water consumption intensity  - water consumption measured in gallons per gross square foot of building space includes the square footage of industrial and laboratory facilities and surrounding land.
  • water consumption intensity  - water consumption per square foot of building space.
  • water resources  - all usable water, from all sources, within the jurisdiction of the United States, that can be managed, controlled, and allocated to meet emergency requirements, except water resources does not include usable water that qualifies as food resources.
  • water supply system  - a system for the provision to the public of piped water for human consumption if such system has at least 15 service connections or regularly serves at least 25 individuals and a draw and fill system for the provision to the public of water for human consumption. Such term does not include a system owned by a Federal agency. Such term includes (A) any collection, treatment, storage, and distribution facilities under control of the operator of such system and used primarily in connection with such system, and (B) any collection or pretreatment facilities not under such control that are used primarily in connection with such system.
  • water use  - water used that is obtained from public water systems or from natural freshwater sources, such as lakes, streams, and aquifers, and that is classified or permitted for human consumption includes; potable water used for drinking bathing, toilet flushing, laundry, cleaning and food services, watering of landscaping, irrigation, and process applications, such as water used in cooling towers, boilers, and fire suppression systems.
  • water-borne improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) delivered by floating, drifting, anchored, or propelled on or below the water and/ or serves as the concealment means for explosives with an initiating device.
  • waters of the United States  - navigable waters; tributaries of navigable waters; and interstate and intrastate lakes, rivers, and streams that are regulated by the USCG, U.S. EPA, U.S. Department of the Interior, and other cognizant federal agencies.
  • watershed boundaries  - This data theme encodes hydrologic, watershed boundaries into topographically defined sets of drainage areas, organized in a nested hierarchy by size, and based on a standard hydrologic unit coding system.
  • waterspace management  — The allocation of waterspace in terms of antisubmarine warfare attack procedures to permit the rapid and effective engagement of hostile submarines while preventing inadvertent attacks on friendly submarines. Also called WSM.
  • wave  — A formation of forces, including ships, landing craft, amphibious vehicles or aircraft, required to beach or land about the same time.
  • waybill  - A document prepared by the carrier of a shipment of goods or freight (including shipment of remains), containing the details of the shipment, route, and charges.
  • weakness  - A flaw in the proposal that increases the risk of unsuccessful contract performance.
  • weapon engagement zone  — In air defense, airspace of defined dimensions within which the responsibility for engagement of air threats normally rests with a particular weapon system. Also called WEZ.

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  • weapon main charge configuration  - arrangement or design of the main charge and other materials
  • weapon of mass destruction  - 
(1) any explosive, incendiary, or poison gas device that is designed, intended, or has the capability to cause a mass casualty incident;
(2) any weapon that is designed, intended, or has the capability to cause death or serious bodily injury to a significant number of persons through the release, dissemination, or impact of toxic or poisonous chemicals or their precursors; (3) any weapon involving a biological agent, toxin, or vector that is designed, intended, or has the capability to cause death, illness, or serious bodily injury to a significant number of persons; or (4) any weapon that is designed, intended, or has the capability to release radiation or radioactivity causing death, illness, or serious bodily injury to a significant number of persons.
  • weapon of mass destruction  - any weapon or device that is intended, or has the capability, to cause death or serious bodily injury to a significant number of people through the release, dissemination, or impact of—(A) toxic or poisonous chemicals or their precursors; (B) a disease organism; or
(C) radiation or radioactivity.
  • weapon of mass destruction  - weapon capable of a high order of destruction and/ or of being used in such a manner as to destroy large numbers of people or an amount of property.
  • weapon of mass destruction detection technology  - electronic and/ or mechanical means used to assist in the discovery and identification of a weapon of mass destruction or components thereof includes sensory gathering, imaging, radiation detection, etc.
  • weapon system  - A combination of one or more weapons with all related equipment, materials, services, personnel, and means of delivery and deployment (if applicable) required for self- sufficiency.
  • weaponeer  — An individual who has completed requisite training to determine the quantity and type of lethal or nonlethal means required to create a desired effect on a given target.
  • weaponeering  - The process of determining the quantity of a specific type of lethal or nonlethal means required to create a desired effect on a given target.
  • weaponize or weaponization  - to incorporate into, or the incorporation into, usable ordnance or other militarily useful means of delivery.
  • weapons activities  - each activity within the budget category of weapons activities in the budget of the Administration.
  • weapons control status  - An air defense control measure declared for a particular area and time by an area air defense commander, or delegated subordinate commander, based on the rules of engagement designed to establish the freedom for fighters and surface air defense weapons to engage threats. Also call WCS.
  • weapons free zone  - An air defense zone established for the protection of key assets or facilities, other than air bases, where weapon systems may be fired at any target not positively recognized as friendly.
  • weapons of mass destruction  - chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons, and chemical, biological, and nuclear materials used in the manufacture of such weapons. Also called WMD.
  • weapons of mass destruction  — Chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear weapons capable of a high order of destruction or causing mass casualties, and excluding the means of transporting or

  995 propelling the weapon where such means is a separable and divisible part from the weapon. Also called WMD. See also special operations. JP 3‐40 )

  • weapons of mass destruction  - Nuclear, chemical, biological, or radiological weapons. Also called WMD.
  • weapons of mass destruction information  - information that could reasonably be expected to assist in the development, proliferation, or use of a weapon of mass destruction (including a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear weapon) that could be used by a terrorist or a terrorist organization against the United States includes information about the location of any stockpile of nuclear materials that could be exploited for use in such a weapon.
  • weapons of mass destruction information  - information that could reasonably be expected to assist in the development, proliferation, or use of a weapon of mass destruction (including a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear weapon) that could be used by a terrorist or a terrorist organization against the United States, including information about the location of any stockpile of nuclear materials that could be exploited for use in such a weapon that could be used by a terrorist or a terrorist organization against the United States.
  • weapons of mass destruction information  - The term weapons of mass destruction information, IRTPA, means information that could reasonably be expected to assist in the development, proliferation, or use of a weapon of mass destruction (including a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear weapon) that could be used by a terrorist or a terrorist organization against the United States, including information about the location of any stockpile of nuclear materials that could be exploited for use in such a weapon that could be used by a terrorist or a terrorist organization against the United States.
  • weapons of mass destruction proliferation  - The transfer of weapons of mass destruction or related materials, technology, and expertise from suppliers to state or non-state actors.
  • weapons readiness state  - The degree of readiness of air defense weapons which can become airborne or be launched to carry out an assigned task and normally expressed in numbers of weapons and numbers of minutes.
  • weapons release authority  — The authority originating from the President to engage or direct engagement of ballistic missile threats using ground-based interceptors of the ground-based midcourse defense. Also call WRA.
  • weapons technical intelligence  - A category of intelligence and processes derived from the technical and forensic collection and exploitation of improvised explosive devices, associated components, improvised weapons, and other weapon systems. Also called WTI.
  • weapons technical intelligence  - intelligence derived from the processes and capabilities that collect, exploit and analyze asymmetric threat weapons systems to enable material sourcing, support to prosecution, force protection and targeting of threat networks.
  • weapons-related activities  - each activity under the Department of Energy that involves nuclear weapons, nuclear weapons technology, or fissile or radioactive materials, including activities related to — (A) nuclear nonproliferation; (B) nuclear forensics;
(C) nuclear intelligence;
(D) nuclear safety; and (E) nuclear incident response.
  • web applications  - program for accessing, manipulating, and downloading a very large set of hypertext- linked documents and other files located on computers connected through the Internet

  996  

  • web browser  - Software that communicates with web servers via the HTTP protocol and translates HTML pages and image data into a nicely formatted, on-screen display, or in the case of browsers for the vision-impaired, other alternative interface technologies.
  • web conferencing  - Conferencing over the Internet can be conducted in a number of ways - Web Audio conferencing. The distinction here is the use of Internet instead of traditional phone lines. Web Casting or Video conferencing. These can be directed to a select audience by means of pass worded or protected sites or cast wide to anyone with access to the Web site. Web Chat. Text-based, question and answer dialogue over the Internet. These can be directed to a select audience by means of pass worded or protected sites or open to anyone with access to the IIP Intranet site.
  • web content management system  - information technology providing website authoring, collaboration, and administration tools designed to allow users to create and manage website content
  • web content manager  - individual who has authority to accept, or modify content for a Web site, Web application, or other Web components may be a content creator, but may also be the point of contact for getting information posted on the Web.
  • web content publisher  - person responsible for reviewing and posting content on the web.
  • web liaison  - person designated to manage web content.
  • web page  - single document or resource of information connected to the web and accessible via a web browser
  • web portal  - term used to describe a website that is intended to be the first place people see when using the web. Typically, a portal site has a catalog of websites, a search engine, or both. A portal site may also offer e-mail and other service to entice people to use that site as their main point of entry (hence portal) to the web. A web portal is commonly referred to as simply a portal.
  • web technology  - The software and services including Telnet, file Transfer Protocol (FTP) and Web servers used to build applications, other than e-mail, that work on the Internet or OpenNet.
  • website  - A website is a related collection of files and information that includes a beginning file called a home page. An organization or individual tells you how to get to its website by giving you the IP address (e.g., 192.168.0.1) or domain name (e.g., companyname.com or office.gov) of its home page (e.g., http -/ / www.companyname.com). Upon arrival at a home page you can navigate to all the other pages or information on that website. Multiple websites can cross-link to files on each others sites or even share the same files. Websites on the Internet first appeared in the form of HTML- based files.
  • website  - collection of hypertext markup language (HTML) web pages and subordinate documents typically accessible from the same uniform resource locator (URL) via the web and normally residing on the same server, forming a coherent, usually interlinked whole.
  • weed  - any plant which grows where not wanted.
  • week of unemployment  - a week of total, part-total, or partial unemployment as determined under the applicable State law or Federal unemployment insurance law.
  • weight of the overload  - the amount obtained by multiplying the number of inches that the vessel is submerged below the applicable assigned freeboard by the tons-an-inch immersion factor for the

  997 vessel at the assigned minimum safe freeboard. Code 46, §5101 )

  • weighted average dumping margin  - the percentage determined by dividing the aggregate dumping margins determined for a specific exporter or producer by the aggregate export prices and constructed export prices of such exporter or producer.
  • Weingarten rights  - Rights afforded to an employee who is a member of a collective bargaining unit for which a union representative has exclusive representation rights. When the employee is to be personally interviewed and reasonably believes the interview may result in disciplinary action against him or her, the investigating official must give the employee the opportunity to be represented by the exclusive representative, if the employee so requests.
  • wellness  - Force health protection program that consolidates and incorporates physical and mental fitness, health promotion, and environmental and occupational health. See also force health protection.
  • well-qualified candidate  - A merit promotion, CTAP, or ICTAP eligible whose job-related competencies/ possession of KSAs clearly exceed the minimum qualification requirements for the announced position. The Department defines well qualified as scoring at least 85 on the self- assessment occupational questionnaire.
  • well-qualified employee  - An eligible employee who possesses the knowledge, skills, and abilities, which clearly exceed the minimum qualification requirements for the position. A well-qualified employee will not necessarily meet the agency’s definition of highly or best qualified, when evaluated against other candidates who apply for a particular vacancy, but must satisfy the following criteria, as determined and consistently applied by the agency - Meets the basic qualification standards and eligibility requirements for the position, including any medical qualifications, suitability, and minimum educational and experience requirements; and Satisfies one of the following qualifications requirements - o Meets all selective factors, where applicable. Meets appropriate quality rating factor levels as determined by the agency. Selective and quality ranking factors cannot be so restrictive that they run counter to the goal of placing displaced employees. In the absence of selective and quality ranking factors, selecting officials will document the job-related reason(s) the eligible employee is or is not considered to be well qualified; or o Is rated by the agency to be above minimally qualified in accordance with the agency’s specific rating and ranking process. Generally, this means that the individual may or may not meet the agency’s test for highly qualified, but would in fact, exceed the minimum qualifications for the position. Is physically qualified, with reasonable accommodation where appropriate, to perform the essential duties of the position; Meets any special qualifying condition(s) that OPM has approved for the position; and Is able to satisfactorily perform the duties of the position upon entry.
  • wet signature  - A wet signature is a traditional pen-and-ink signature. For the purposes of this policy, faxed signatures and non-electronic signatures included in pdf files will be considered wet signatures.
  • wetland  - area that is inundated by surface or ground water with a frequency sufficient to support (and under normal circumstances do or would support) a prevalence of vegetation or aquatic life that requires saturated or seasonally saturated soil conditions for growth and reproduction.
  • wetlands  - The wetlands data layer provides the classification, location, and extent of wetlands and deepwater habitats. There is no attempt to define the proprietary limits or jurisdictional wetland boundaries of any federal, state, or local agencies.
  • when actually employed  - A work schedule on an as-needed basis as determined by the supervisor. The employees hours of duty may be intermittent and irregular. For WAE work, a temporary appointment is the mechanism used for AEFMs; a direct-hire appointment, PSA, or PSC, is used for

  998   LE staff. Also called WAE.

  • whistleblower  - any individual, or 2 or more individuals acting jointly, who provides information relating to a violation of this chapter to the Commission, in a manner established by rule or regulation by the Commission.
  • whitelisting  - The process used to identify- (i) software programs authorized to execute on an information system; or (ii) authorized Universal Resource Locators (URL)/ Web sites.
  • whole-of-government planning  - WOG planning is an ongoing and iterative process to support decision makers in coordinating and unifying the actions of disparate actors in a given situation from the policy level down through implementation. (CSO) Whole-of-government planning refers to NSC/ HSC-sponsored processes by which multiple USG departments and agencies come together to develop plans that address critical challenges to U.S. national interests. The Department supports and is helping to develop the USG's whole-of-government planning capabilities. (GEF 2010) Also called WOG planning.
  • wide area network  - A computer network covering multiple buildings, often across the world, such as the Internet, or, in the Department context, OpenNet and ClassNet. Also called WAN.
  • wide area network  - A data communication function that connects geographically disparate Local Area Networks using long-haul networking facilities and protocols. Also called WAN.
  • wide area network  - A data transmission facility that connects geographically dispersed sites using long- haul networking facilities. Also called WAN.
  • widow  - the surviving wife of a judicial official, who:(A) has been married to him for at least one year on the day of his death; or (B) is the mother of issue by that marriage.
  • widow or widower  - a person who is the lawful spouse of the insured member at the time of his death.
  • widow or widower  - a person who was the lawful spouse of the insured at the maturity of the insurance.
  • widow or widower  - the decedent's wife or husband living with or dependent for support upon him or her at the time of his or her death; or living apart for justifiable cause or by reason of his or her desertion at such time.
  • widower  - the surviving husband of a judicial official, who: (A) has been married to her for at least one year on the day of her death; or (B) is the father of issue by that marriage.
  • wiegand  - one-way communication protocol consisting of a formatted bit string used from the access reader to the controller can be used with any media, including proximity, bar code, magnetic strip, and smart cards.
  • wi-fi  - technology that allows an electronic device to exchange data wirelessly over a computer network.
  • wildfire  - any forest or range fire.
  • wildfire protection resources  - any personnel, supplies, equipment, or other resources required for wildfire presuppression and suppression activities.

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  • wildlife  - any species of wild, free-ranging fauna including fish, and also fauna in captive breeding programs the object of which is to reintroduce individuals of a depleted indigenous species into previously occupied range.
  • wildlife and wildlife resources  - birds, fishes, mammals, and all other classes of wild animals and all types of aquatic and land vegetation upon which wildlife is dependent.
  • wildlife conservation education  - projects, including public outreach, intended to foster responsible natural resource stewardship.
  • wildlife-associated recreation  - projects intended to meet the demand for outdoor activities associated with wildlife including, but not limited to, hunting and fishing, wildlife observation and photography, such projects as construction or restoration of wildlife viewing areas, observation towers, blinds, platforms, land and water trails, water access, field trialing, trail heads, and access for such projects.

wildlife-dependent recreation and wildlife-dependent recreational use - a use of a refuge involving hunting, fishing, wildlife observation and photography, or environmental education and interpretation.

  • wildlife-restoration project  - the wildlife conservation and restoration program and means the selection, restoration, rehabilitation, and improvement of areas of land or water adaptable as feeding, resting, or breeding places for wildlife, including acquisition of such areas or estates or interests therein as are suitable or capable of being made suitable therefor, and the construction thereon or therein of such works as may be necessary to make them available for such purposes and also including such research into problems of wildlife management as may be necessary to efficient administration affecting wildlife resources, and such preliminary or incidental costs and expenses as may be incurred in and about such projects.
  • will  - A solemn, authentic instrument in writing, by which a person declares his/ her will as to disposal of his/ her estate and effects after his/ her death.
  • will  - A written instrument by which a person makes a disposition of his or her property, to take effect after death.
  • willful misconduct  - denote an act or omission that is taken — (i) intentionally to achieve a wrongful purpose; (ii) knowingly without legal or factual justification; and (iii) in disregard of a known or obvious risk that is so great as to make it highly probable that the harm will outweigh the benefit.
  • willingness to pay  - The maximum amount an individual would be willing to give up in order to secure a change in the provision of a good or service.
  • willingness-to-accept  - amount an individual is willing to accept to forgo a benefit.
  • willingness-to-pay  - amount an individual would be willing to pay, sacrifice, or exchange for a benefit.
  • wind energy system  - a system of components which converts the kinetic energy of the wind into electricity or mechanical power, and which comprises all necessary components, including energy storage, power conditioning, control systems, and transmission systems, where appropriate, to provide electricity or mechanical power for individual, residential, agricultural, commercial, industrial, utility, or governmental use.
  • window of opportunity  - A situation whereby either success or failure is possible, but where an opening

  1000   exists to shift the situation in favor of success. Political, social, or economic circumstances could likely eliminate this opportunity in a short period of time. The windows can be fleeting, but offer an opportunity to create a perception of forward momentum that is critical to shoring up public opinion and political progress. USAID, Civil‐ Military Operations Group, Glossary )

  • wing  - 1. An Air Force unit composed normally of one primary mission group and the necessary supporting organizations. 2. A fleet air wing is the basic organizational and administrative unit for naval-, land-, and tender-based aviation. 3. A balanced Marine Corps task organization of aircraft groups and squadrons, together with appropriate command, air control, administrative, service, and maintenance units. 4. A flank unit; that part of a military force to the right or left of the main body.
  • wire communication  - any communication while it is being carried by a wire, cable, or other like connection furnished or operated by any person engaged as a common carrier in providing or operating such facilities for the transmission of interstate or foreign communications.
  • wire communication facility  - any and all instrumentalities, personnel, and services (among other things, the receipt, forwarding, or delivery of communications) used or useful in the transmission of writings, signs, pictures, and sounds of all kinds by aid of wire, cable, or other like connection between the points of origin and reception of such transmission.
  • wireless communications  - Radio, cellular telephone, and satellite communications, including Tactical Satellite (TACSAT), and International Maritime Satellite (INMARSAT).
  • wireless tail circuit  - a local communication circuit that connects two or more separate compounds, buildings, or locations. Traditionally, tail circuits have utilized physical cabling, such as copper wire or fiber optic cable. Technology now supports the use of the wireless tail circuit that typically utilizes transceivers and antennae that facilitate a wireless signal, instead of physical cabling.
  • wireless technology  - Technology that permits the transfer of information between separated points without physical connection.
  • withdrawal  - withholding an area of Federal land from settlement, sale, location, or entry, under some or all of the general land laws, for the purpose of limiting activities under those laws in order to maintain other public values in the area or reserving the area for a particular public purpose or program; or transferring jurisdiction over an area of Federal land, other than property governed by the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act.
  • withdrawal operation  - A planned retrograde operation in which a force in contact disengages from an enemy force and moves in a direction away from the enemy.
  • witness  - A person who attests to a fact or event, or who provides evidence or proof to establish a fact or event.
  • Women-Owned Small Business Program  - a program that authorizes contracting officers to limit competition, including award on a sole source basis, to — (i) Economically disadvantaged women- owned small business (EDWOSB) concerns eligible under the WOSB Program for Federal contracts assigned a North American Industry Classification Systems (NAICS) code in an industry in which the Small Business Administration (SBA) has determined that WOSB concerns are underrepresented in Federal procurement; and (ii) WOSB concerns eligible under the WOSB Program for Federal contracts assigned a NAICS code in an industry in which SBA has determined that WOSB concerns are substantially underrepresented in Federal procurement. (2) “Economically disadvantaged women-owned small business (EDWOSB) concern” means a small business concern that is at least 51 percent directly and unconditionally owned by, and the management and daily business operations of which are controlled by, one or more women who are citizens of the United States and who are economically disadvantaged. It automatically qualifies as a women-owned small

  1001 business (WOSB) concern eligible under the WOSB Program. (3) “Women-owned small business (WOSB)” concern eligible under the WOSB Program means a small business concern that is at least 51 percent directly and unconditionally owned by, and the management and daily business operations of which are controlled by, one or more women who are citizens of the United States. Also called WOSB program.

women-owned small business concern- (1) A small business concern — (i) That is at least 51 percent owned by one or more women; or, in the case of any publicly owned business, at least 51 percent of the stock of which is owned by one or more women; and (ii) Whose management and daily business operations are controlled by one or more women; or 2) A small business concern eligible under the Women-Owned Small Business Program women's health conditions- (1) unique to, significantly more serious for, or significantly more prevalent in women; and (2) for which the factors of medical risk or type of medical intervention are different for women, or for which there is reasonable evidence that indicates that such factors or types may be different for women.

  • wool  - the fiber from the fleece of the sheep or lamb or hair of the Angora or Cashmere goat (and may include the so-called specialty fibers from the hair of the camel, alpaca, llama, and vicuna) which has never been reclaimed from any woven or felted wool product.
  • wool product  - any product, or any portion of a product, which contains, purports to contain, or in any way is represented as containing wool or recycled wool.
  • work breakdown schedule activity  - task or step performed in producing and delivering products and services as reflected in a structured schedule.
  • work breakdown structure  - An actual plan and account of all the elements involved in building a project from the beginning to the end by defining, organizing, scheduling, budgeting, and controlling each task associated with the project. Also called WBS.
  • work breakdown structure  - deliverable-oriented hierarchical decomposition of the work to be executed by the project team to accomplish the project objectives and create the required deliverables used to organize and define the total scope of a project.
  • work college  - an eligible institution that (A) has been a public or private nonprofit, four-year, degree- granting institution with a commitment to community service; (B) has operated a comprehensive work-learning-service program for at least two years; (C) requires students, including at least one- half of all students who are enrolled on a full-time basis, to participate in a comprehensive work- learning-service program for at least five hours each week, or at least 80 hours during each period of enrollment, except summer school, unless the student is engaged in an institutionally organized or approved study abroad or externship program; and (D) provides students participating in the comprehensive work-learning-service program with the opportunity to contribute to their education and to the welfare of the community as a whole.
  • work of preparing the coal  - the breaking, crushing, sizing, cleaning, washing, drying, mixing, storing, and loading of bituminous coal, lignite, or anthracite, and such other work of preparing such coal as is usually done by the operator of the coal mine.
  • work schedule  - the time basis on which an employee is paid, either full-time, part-time or intermittent.
  • work supplementation or support program  - a program under which, as determined by the Secretary, public assistance (including any benefits provided under a program established by the State and the supplemental nutrition assistance program) is provided to an employer to be used for hiring and

  1002   employing a public assistance recipient who was not employed by the employer at the time the public assistance recipient entered the program.

  • workaround  - method to circumvent a problem without eliminating it when the usual or planned method isn't working.
  • workbag  - A larger diplomatic pouch used to consolidate smaller classified diplomatic pouches. It is usually secured with a pouch seal or the couriers personal lock. Only other diplomatic pouches, official correspondence, or documents intended exclusively for official use may be transported inside the workbag. Personal items are not allowed.
  • worker  - The holder of a Social Security number, male or female, living or deceased, who engaged in employment or self-employment covered under the Social Security Act and acquired coverage credits toward Social Security benefits for self and dependents.
  • workforce development activity  - an activity carried out through a workforce development program.
  • workforce development program  - a program made available through a workforce development system.
  • workforce development system  - a system that makes available the core programs, the other one-stop partner programs, and any other programs providing employment and training services as identified by a State board or local board.
  • workforce investment activity  - an employment and training activity, and a youth workforce investment activity.
  • workforce member  - Department employees, contractors (commercial and personal service contractors), U.S. Government personnel detailed or assigned to the Department, and any other personnel (i.e. locally employed staff) who perform work for or on behalf of the Department.
  • workforce preparation activities  - activities, programs, or services designed to help an individual acquire a combination of basic academic skills, critical thinking skills, digital literacy skills, and self-management skills, including competencies in utilizing resources, using information, working with others, understanding systems, and obtaining skills necessary for successful transition into and completion of postsecondary education or training, or employment.
  • working capital advance  - a procedure where by funds are advanced to the recipient to cover its estimated disbursement needs for a given initial period.
  • working capital advance  - A procedure where by funds are advanced to the recipient to cover the estimated disbursement needs for a given initial period.
  • Working Capital Fund  - A no-year fund that permits unobligated money to be carried over from one fiscal year to the next, providing fiscal flexibility. Funds may be authorized for expenses and equipment necessary for maintenance and operation in Washington, DC and elsewhere. These include centralized services for reproduction, editorial, data processing, audiovisual, library, and administrative support services; supplies and equipment; and other administrative services the Secretary determines may be performed more advantageously and more economically as central services (with OMB approval). Also called WCF.
  • working capital fund  - A revolving fund established to finance inventories of supplies and other stores, or to provide working capital for industrial-type activities.

  1003

  • working email  - A Department message that does not have long-term record value, and, therefore, not stored in the archive. They require markings for classification and sensitivity.
  • working group  - An enduring or ad hoc organization within a joint force commander’s headquarters consisting of a core functional group and other staff and component representatives whose purpose is to provide analysis on the specific function to users. Also called WG.
  • working percentage employment  - percentage of full-time equivalent employment equal to the quotient obtained by dividing—(1) the number of officially established hours per pay period to be worked by a phased retiree, by (2) the number of hours per pay period to be worked by an employee serving in a comparable position on a fulltime basis.
  • workplace adult education and literacy activities  - adult education and literacy activities offered by an eligible provider in collaboration with an employer or employee organization at a workplace or an off-site location that is designed to improve the productivity of the workforce.
  • workplace health and wellness program  - coordinated and comprehensive set of strategies designed to meet the health and safety needs of all employees includes programs, policies, environmental supports, and links to related agency programs and the surrounding community.
  • workplace learning advisor  - an individual employed by an organization who has the knowledge and skills necessary to advise other employees of that organization about the education, skill development, job training, career counseling services, and credentials, including services provided through the workforce development system, required to progress toward career goals of such employees in order to meet employer requirements related to job openings and career advancements that support economic self-sufficiency.
  • World Bank  - the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Development Association.
  • world communism  - a revolutionary movement, the purpose of which is to establish eventually a Communist totalitarian dictatorship in any or all the countries of the world through the medium of an internationally coordinated Communist political movement.
  • World Trade Organization  - the organization established pursuant to the WTO Agreement.
  • World Trade Organization  - the organization established pursuant to the WTO Agreement. Also called WTO.
  • World Trade Organization Agreement  - the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization entered into on April 15, 1994. Also called WTO Agreement
  • World Trade Organization Agreement  - the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization entered into on April 15, 1994. Also called WTO Agreement.
  • World Trade Organization member and member country  - a state, or separate customs territory
  • World Trade Organization member market  - the market of any country which is a WTO member. Also called WTO member market.

World War I- (A) the period beginning on April 6, 1917, and ending on November 11, 1918, and (B) in the case of a veteran who served with the United States military forces in Russia, the period   1004   beginning on April 6, 1917, and ending on April 1, 1920. §101. )

  • World War II  - the period beginning on December 7, 1941, and ending on December 31, 1946.
  • World War II  - the period beginning on December 7, 1941, and ending on September 2, 1945.
  • World Wide Web  - global computer network that offers text, graphics, sound, and animation resources through the hypertext transfer protocol includes Internet, intranet, and extranet networks
  • World Wide Web Consortium  - An association of corporations, research groups, nonprofit organizations, and governmental agencies that are working together to define a web infrastructure based on open, interoperable standards. Also called W3C.
  • worldwide  - A Department activity carried out both domestically and abroad.
  • worldwide  - This refers to all Department of State locations, both in and out of the United States and its territories.
  • worldwide  - Within and outside the United States.

worst case discharge- (A) in the case of a vessel, a discharge in adverse weather conditions of its entire cargo; and (B) in the case of an offshore facility or onshore facility, the largest foreseeable discharge in adverse weather conditions. worst forms of child labor- (A) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale or trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom, or forced or compulsory labor, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict; (B) the use, procuring, or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic purposes; (C) the use, procuring, or offering of a child for illicit activities in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs; and (D) work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety, or morals of children.

  • wounded warrior programs  - A system of support and advocacy to guide and assist the wounded, ill, and injured Service members and family or designated caregiver through treatment, rehabilitation, return to duty, or military retirement into the civilian community. Each Military Department has a unique wounded warrior program that addresses its Service members' needs.
  • write-in vote  - a vote cast for a person whose name does not appear on the official ballot by writing in the name of such person on such ballot or by any other method prescribed by the law of the State in which the election is held.
  • write-off  - An accounting procedure that results in reporting a debt or receivable as having no value on the agency’s accounting and financial reports.
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