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Dictionary of family medicine B

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  • b   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • b type.
  • b type natriuretic peptide.
  • babesiosis.
  • babinski   noun extension upward of the toes when the sole of the foot is stroked firmly on the outer side from the heel to the front; normal in infants under the age of two years but a sign of brain or spinal cord injury in older persons
  • baby   noun a project of personal concern to someone;  a very young mammal;  (slang) sometimes used as a term of address for attractive young women;  the youngest member of a group (not necessarily young);  a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk;  an immature childish person;  verb treat with excessive indulgence
  • baby blues.
  • baby boomers.
  • baby bottle tooth decay.
  • babygram.
  • bacillary   adj. formed like a bacillus;  relating to or produced by or containing bacilli
  • bacillus   noun aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil
  • bacillus calmette gu.
  • back   adj. located at or near the back of an animal;  related to or located at the back;  of an earlier date;  adv. in or to or toward a past time;  at or to or toward the back or rear;  in repayment or retaliation; in or to or toward a former location;  in or to or toward an original condition;  in answer;  noun the position of a player on a football team who is stationed behind the line of scrimmage;  a support that you can lean against while sitting;  the part of a garment that covers the back of your body;  the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine;  the part of something that is furthest from the normal viewer;  (football) a person who plays in the backfield;  the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book;  the side that goes last or is not normally seen;  the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord;  verb strengthen by providing with a back or backing;  establish as valid or genuine;  shift to a counterclockwise direction;  travel backward;  cause to travel backward;  support financial backing for; be behind; approve of;  be in back of;  place a bet on;  give support or one's approval to
  • back pain acute low back pain.
  • background   noun (computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear; a person's social heritage: previous experience or training; information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem; the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground;  relatively unimportant or inconspicuous accompanying situation;  extraneous signals that can be confused with the phenomenon to be observed or measured;  scenery hung at back of stage;  the state of the environment in which a situation exists;  verbunderstate the importance or quality of
  • baclofen.
  • bacon   noun back and sides of a hog salted and dried or smoked; usually sliced thin and fried;  English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561 1626);  English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220 1292)
  • bacteremia   noun transient presence of bacteria (or other microorganisms) in the blood
  • bacteria   noun (microbiology) single celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered plants
  • bacteria synergistic.
  • bacterial   adj. relating to or caused by bacteria
  • bacterial cystitis uncomplicated.
  • bacterial diseases.
  • bacterial infections.
  • bacterial infections with skin manifestations in.
  • bacterial prostatitis.
  • bacterial vaginosis.
  • bacteriuria.
  • bad   adj. feeling physical discomfort or pain (`tough' is occasionally used colloquially for `bad');  (of foodstuffs) not in an edible or usable condition;  not working properly;  reproduced fraudulently;  having undesirable or negative qualities;  characterized by wickedness or immorality;  capable of harming;  physically unsound or diseased; very intense;  not financially safe or secure;  nonstandard;  below average in quality or performance;  not capable of being collected; feeling or expressing regret or sorrow or a sense of loss over something done or undone;  adv. very much; strongly;  with great intensity (`bad' is a nonstandard variant for `badly');  noun that which is below standard or expectations as of ethics or decency
  • badger   noun sturdy carnivorous burrowing mammal with strong claws widely distributed in the northern hemisphere;  a native or resident of Wisconsin;  verb persuade through constant efforts; annoy persistently
  • bailey   noun the outer defensive wall that surrounds the outer courtyard of a castle;  the outer courtyard of a castle;  English lexicographer who was the first to treat etymology consistently; his work was used as a reference by Samuel Johnson (died in 1742); United States singer (1918 1990)
  • baird.
  • baker   noun someone who bakes bread or cake;  someone who bakes commercially
  • balance   noun a scale for weighing; depends on pull of gravity; equality between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account;  the difference between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account;  equality of distribution;  a state of equilibrium;  a wheel that regulates the rate of movement in a machine; especially a wheel oscillating against the hairspring of a timepiece to regulate its beat;  a weight that balances another weight;  (mathematics) an attribute of a shape or relation; exact reflection of form on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane;  harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design);  the seventh sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about September 23 to October 22;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Libra;  something left after other parts have been taken away;  verbcompute credits and debits of an account;  bring into balance or equilibrium;  be in equilibrium;  hold or carry in equilibrium
  • balanced   adj. total debits and credits are equal;  being in a state of proper balance or equilibrium
  • balancing   noun getting two things to correspond
  • balanitis   noun inflammation of the head of the penis
  • balantidiasis.
  • baldness   noun the condition of having no hair on the top of the head
  • balint.
  • ball   noun a pitch that is not in the strike zone;  the game of baseball;  round object that is hit or thrown or kicked in games;  a spherical object used as a plaything;  a more or less rounded anatomical body or mass;  a lavish dance requiring formal attire;  a compact mass;  the people assembled at a lavish formal dance; United States comedienne best known as the star of a popular television program (1911 1989);  an object with a spherical shape;  a solid projectile that is shot by a musket;  one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens;  verb form into a ball by winding or rolling
  • ballard.
  • balloon   noun large tough nonrigid bag filled with gas or heated air; small thin inflatable rubber bag with narrow neck;  verb become inflated;  ride in a hot air balloon
  • band   noun a thin flat strip of flexible material that is worn around the body or one of the limbs (especially to decorate the body);  an adornment consisting of a strip of a contrasting color or material;  a restraint put around something to hold it together;  a strip of material attached to the leg of a bird to identify it (as in studies of bird migration);  a thin flat strip or loop of flexible material that goes around or over something else;  a stripe or stripes of contrasting color;  a range of frequencies between two limits;  instrumentalists not including string players;  jewelry consisting of a circlet of precious metal (often set with jewels) worn on the finger;  a cord like tissue connecting two larger parts of an anatomical structure;  an unofficial association of people or groups;  a group of musicians playing popular music for dancing;  verb bind or tie together, as with a band; attach a ring to the foot of, in order to identify
  • banded   adj. identified with a band especially around a leg; characterized by a band of especially white around the body; marked with bands or strips of contrasting color or texture
  • banding   noun an adornment consisting of a strip of a contrasting color or material;  a stripe or stripes of contrasting color
  • banks   noun English botanist who accompanied Captain Cook on his first voyage to the Pacific Ocean (1743 1820)
  • banti.
  • bar   noun a rigid piece of metal or wood; usually used as a fastening or obstruction or weapon;  an obstruction (usually metal) placed at the top of a goal;  a counter where you can obtain food or drink;  (law) a railing that encloses the part of the courtroom where the judges and lawyers sit and the case is tried;  a heating element in an electric fire;  a horizontal rod that serves as a support for gymnasts as they perform exercises;  a submerged (or partly submerged) ridge in a river or along a shore;  (meteorology) a unit of pressure equal to a million dynes per square centimeter;  the act of preventing;  a room or establishment where alcoholic drinks are served over a counter;  a portable .30 caliber automatic rifle operated by gas pressure and fed by cartridges from a magazine; used by United States troops in World War I and in World War II and in the Korean War;  a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax); musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats;  the body of individuals qualified to practice law in a particular jurisdiction;  verbprevent from entering; keep out;  secure with, or as if with, bars; render unsuitable for passage;  expel, as if by official decree
  • barbae.
  • barbiturate   noun organic compound having powerful soporific effect; overdose can be fatal
  • barbiturates.
  • bariatric.
  • bariatric surgery.
  • barium   noun a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali earth group; found in barite
  • barlow.
  • baron   noun a very wealthy or powerful businessman;  a British peer of the lowest rank;  a nobleman (in various countries) of varying rank
  • barotitis.
  • barotrauma.
  • barr.
  • barrett.
  • barrier   noun a structure or object that impedes free movement; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective;  anything serving to maintain separation by obstructing vision or access
  • barrier methods.
  • barriers.
  • bartholin   noun Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585 1629)
  • bartholinitis.
  • basal   adj. of primary importance;  serving as or forming a base; especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root like stem
  • basal bolus.
  • basal bolus insulin therapy self management.
  • basal metabolic index.
  • based   adj. having a base of operations (often used as a combining form);  having a base;  having a basis; often used as combining terms;  being derived from (often followed by `on' or `upon')
  • based on isolated pathogen and susceptibility.
  • baseline   noun the lines a baseball player must follow while running the bases;  an imaginary line or standard by which things are measured or compared;  the back line bounding each end of a tennis or handball court; when serving the server must not step over this line
  • basic   adj. of or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base; serving as a base or starting point;  pertaining to or constituting a base or basis;  reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality;  noun (usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant;  a popular programming language that is relatively easy to learn; an acronym for beginner's all purpose symbolic instruction code; no longer in general use
  • basilar   adj. of or relating to or located at the base
  • basis   noun the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained;  the most important or necessary part of something;  a relation that provides the foundation for something
  • bass   adj. having or denoting a low vocal or instrumental range; noun nontechnical name for any of numerous edible marine and freshwater spiny finned fishes;  the member with the lowest range of a family of musical instruments;  the lowest part of the musical range; the lowest adult male singing voice;  the lowest part in polyphonic music;  an adult male singer with the lowest voice;  any of various North American freshwater fish with lean flesh (especially of the genus Micropterus);  the lean flesh of a saltwater fish of the family Serranidae
  • bateson.
  • bath   noun you soak and wash your body in a bathtub;  a vessel containing liquid in which something is immersed (as to process it or to maintain it at a constant temperature or to lubricate it);  a town in southwestern England on the River Avon; famous for its hot springs and Roman remains;  an ancient Hebrew liquid measure equal to about 10 gallons;  a room (as in a residence) containing a bathtub or shower and usually a washbasin and toilet;  a relatively large open container that you fill with water and use to wash the body;  verbclean one's body by immersion into water
  • bathing   noun immersing the body in water or sunshine;  the act of washing yourself (or another person)
  • bathing of infant parental education for.
  • battelle.
  • battelle developmental inventory screening tool.
  • battery   noun an assault in which the assailant makes physical contact;  a device that produces electricity; may have several primary or secondary cells arranged in parallel or series;  a series of stamps operated in one mortar for crushing ores;  a collection of related things intended for use together;  a unit composed of the pitcher and catcher;  group of guns or missile launchers operated together at one place;  the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area rather than hit a specific target
  • bayley.
  • bayley infant neuro developmental screen.
  • bb   noun a small pellet fired from an air rifle or BB gun
  • bbtd.
  • bbtd baby bottle tooth decay.
  • bcg.
  • bcr abl.
  • bcra.
  • bcra tool breast cancer risk assessment.
  • bd   noun a bachelor's degree in religion
  • bdi st.
  • bdi st battelle developmental inventory screening tool.
  • beckman.
  • bects.
  • bects benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes.
  • bed   noun a piece of furniture that provides a place to sleep;  a plot of ground in which plants are growing;  a foundation of earth or rock supporting a road or railroad track;  the flat surface of a printing press on which the type form is laid in the last stage of producing a newspaper or magazine or book etc.;  a depression forming the ground under a body of water;  (geology) a stratum of rock (especially sedimentary rock);  single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance;  a stratum of ore or coal thick enough to be mined with profit;  verb put to bed;  place (plants) in a prepared bed of soil;  furnish with a bed;  prepare for sleep;  have sexual intercourse with
  • bed binge eating disorder.
  • bedside   noun space by the side of a bed (especially the bed of a sick or dying person)
  • bedside urodynamics.
  • bedwetting.
  • bee   noun any of numerous hairy bodied insects including social and solitary species;  a social gathering to carry out some communal task or to hold competitions
  • beers.
  • beginning   adj. serving to begin;  noun the act of starting something;  the first part or section of something;  the event consisting of the start of something;  the place where something begins, where it springs into being;  the time at which something is supposed to begin
  • beh.
  • behavior   noun manner of acting or controlling yourself; (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation;  the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances;  (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
  • behavior modification therapy.
  • behavioral approaches to incontinence.
  • behavioral change patient empowerment and.
  • behavioral disorders.
  • behavioral disorders in children.
  • behavioral for incontinence in elderly patients.
  • behavioral problems in children and adolescents.
  • behavioral sciences.
  • behavioral sciences new developments.
  • behavioral therapies for substance use disorders.
  • behavioral therapy.
  • behaviors.
  • being   noun the state or fact of existing;  a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
  • beings.
  • bel   noun Babylonian god of the earth; one of the supreme triad including Anu and Ea; earlier identified with En lil;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels
  • belcher.
  • beliefs.
  • bell   noun a hollow device made of metal that makes a ringing sound when struck;  the flared opening of a tubular device;  the sound of a bell being struck;  United States inventor (born in Scotland) of the telephone (1847 1922);  English painter; sister of Virginia Woolf; prominent member of the Bloomsbury Group (1879 1961);  a phonetician and father of Alexander Graham Bell (1819 1905);  the shape of a bell;  (nautical) each of the eight half hour units of nautical time signaled by strokes of a ship's bell; eight bells signals 4:00, 8:00, or 12:00 o'clock, either a.m. or p.m.;  a percussion instrument consisting of a set of tuned bells that are struck with a hammer; used as an orchestral instrument;  a push button at an outer door that gives a ringing or buzzing signal when pushed;  verb attach a bell to
  • belviq.
  • belviq lorcaserin.
  • benazepril.
  • benazepril hydrochloride.
  • benedikt.
  • beneficence   noun the quality of being kind or helpful or generous; doing good; feeling beneficent
  • benefits.
  • benefits of bariatric surgery in severely obese.
  • benicar.
  • benign   adj. pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence; kindness of disposition or manner;  not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
  • benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes.
  • benign paroxysmal positional.
  • benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
  • benign prostatic hyperplasia   noun enlarged prostate; appears to be part of the natural aging process
  • bentsen.
  • benzathine.
  • benzene   noun a colorless liquid hydrocarbon; highly inflammable; carcinogenic; the simplest of the aromatic compounds
  • benzodiazepine   noun any of several similar lipophilic amines used as tranquilizers or sedatives or hypnotics or muscle relaxants; chronic use can lead to dependency
  • benzodiazepines.
  • bereavement   noun state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one
  • berger.
  • beriberi   noun avitaminosis caused by lack of thiamine (vitamin B1)
  • bernard soulier.
  • bernhardt   noun French actress (1844 1923)
  • berry   noun any of numerous small and pulpy edible fruits; used as desserts or in making jams and jellies and preserves;  United States rock singer (born in 1931);  a small fruit having any of various structures, e.g., simple (grape or blueberry) or aggregate (blackberry or raspberry);  verb pick or gather berries
  • bertallanfy.
  • best   adj. (superlative of `good') having the most positive qualities; (comparative and superlative of `well') wiser or more advantageous and hence advisable;  adv. it would be sensible;  in a most excellent way or manner;  from a position of superiority or authority;  noun the supreme effort one can make;  the person who is most outstanding or excellent; someone who tops all others;  Canadian physiologist (born in the United States) who assisted F. G. Banting in research leading to the discovery of insulin (1899 1978);  verb get the better of
  • best suited.
  • besylate.
  • beta   adj. preliminary or testing stage of a software or hardware product;  second in order of importance;  noun the 2nd letter of the Greek alphabet;  beets
  • beta adrenergic.
  • beta blockers.
  • beta hcg.
  • beta lactams.
  • betapace.
  • betaxolol.
  • betaxolol hydrochloride for hypertension.
  • bethanechol.
  • bettelheim.
  • between   adv. in between;  in the interval
  • bezafibrate.
  • bg.
  • bh   noun a transuranic element
  • bia.
  • bias   adj. slanting diagonally across the grain of a fabric;  noun a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation;  a line or cut across a fabric that is not at right angles to a side of the fabric;  verb cause to be biased;  influence in an unfair way
  • bicarbonate   noun a salt of carbonic acid (containing the anion HCO3) in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced; an acid carbonate
  • biceps   noun any skeletal muscle having two origins (but especially the muscle that flexes the forearm)
  • bicuspid   adj. having two cusps or points (especially a molar tooth);  noun a tooth having two cusps or points; located between the incisors and the molars
  • biedl.
  • bifida.
  • biguanide.
  • biguanides.
  • bilateral   adj. having two sides or parts;  affecting or undertaken by two parties;  having identical parts on each side of an axis
  • bile   noun a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
  • bile ducts.
  • bilevel.
  • bilevel positive airway pressure.
  • bilharzia   noun an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected
  • bilharziasis   noun an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected
  • biliary   adj. relating to the bile ducts or the gallbladder;  relating to or containing bile
  • biliary tract.
  • biliopancreatic.
  • bilirubin   noun an orange yellow pigment in the bile that forms as a product of hemoglobin; excess amounts in the blood produce the yellow appearance observed in jaundice
  • bilirubin jaundice.
  • billroth.
  • binding   adj. causing constipation;  hindering freedom of movement;  executed with proper legal authority;  noun the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book;  strip sewn over or along an edge for reinforcement or decoration;  the capacity to attract and hold something;  the act of applying a bandage
  • binge   noun an occasion for excessive eating or drinking;  any act of immoderate indulgence;  verb overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself
  • binge eating disorder.
  • bins.
  • bins bayley infant neuro developmental screen.
  • binswanger.
  • biochemical   adj. of or relating to biochemistry; involving chemical processes in living organisms
  • bioelectrical.
  • bioelectrical impedance analysis.
  • biofeedback   noun a training program in which a person is given information about physiological processes (heart rate or blood pressure) that is not normally available with the goal of gaining conscious control of them
  • biologic   adj. pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • biologic markers of alcohol use disorders.
  • biological   adj. of parents and children; related by blood;  pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • biomarker.
  • biomarkers.
  • biomedical   adj. relating to the activities and applications of science to clinical medicine
  • biophysical.
  • biophysical profile in antepartum fetal.
  • biopsy   noun examination of tissues or liquids from the living body to determine the existence or cause of a disease
  • biopsychosocial.
  • bioterrorism   noun terrorism using the weapons of biological warfare
  • biotin   noun a B vitamin that aids in body growth
  • bipap.
  • biphasic.
  • biphosphonate.
  • bipolar   adj. having two poles;  of, pertaining to, or occurring in both polar regions;  of or relating to manic depressive illness
  • bipolar depression.
  • bipolar disorder   noun a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
  • birchler.
  • birth   noun the event of being born;  the time when something begins (especially life);  the process of giving birth;  the kinship relation of an offspring to the parents;  verb cause_to_be_born
  • birth of.
  • birth related.
  • bisexual   adj. sexually attracted to both sexes;  having an ambiguous sexual identity;  noun a person who is sexually attracted to both sexes
  • bisexual and transgender.
  • bishop   noun (chess) a piece that can be moved diagonally over unoccupied squares of the same color;  port wine mulled with oranges and cloves;  a clergyman having spiritual and administrative authority; appointed in Christian churches to oversee priests or ministers; considered in some churches to be successors of the twelve apostles of Christ
  • bishop pelvic scoring for elective induction of.
  • bismuth   noun a heavy brittle diamagnetic trivalent metallic element (resembles arsenic and antimony chemically); usually recovered as a by product from ores of other metals
  • bismuth subsalicylate in travelers.
  • bisoprolol.
  • bisoprolol fumarate.
  • bisphosphonate.
  • bisphosphonates.
  • bite   noun a portion removed from the whole;  the act of gripping or chewing off with the teeth and jaws;  (angling) an instance of a fish taking the bait;  a light informal meal;  a wound resulting from biting by an animal or a person;  a strong odor or taste property;  wit having a sharp and caustic quality;  a small amount of solid food; a mouthful;  a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin;  verb penetrate or cut, as with a knife;  to grip, cut off, or tear with or as if with the teeth or jaws;  cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort;  deliver a sting to
  • bitemporal.
  • bites.
  • bites sting and bite injuries.
  • biventricular.
  • bj.
  • bke.
  • bl.
  • black   adj. marked by anger or resentment or hostility;  of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub Saharan African origin;  extremely dark;  being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light;  (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood;  soiled with dirt or soot;  dressed in black;  (of coffee) without cream or sugar;  (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin; stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable; (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame;  offering little or no hope;  (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading;  harshly ironic or sinister;  distributed or sold illicitly;  noun black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning);  (board games) the darker pieces;  the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white);  a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa);  popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928);  British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728 1799);  total absence of light;  verb make or become black
  • blacklock.
  • bladder   noun a bag that fills with air;  a distensible membranous sac (usually containing liquid or gas)
  • blastomyces   noun genus of pathogenic yeastlike fungi
  • blastomycosis   noun any of several infections of the skin or mucous membrane caused by Blastomyces
  • blebs.
  • bleeding   noun flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
  • blepharitis   noun inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
  • blepharospasm   noun spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
  • blind   adj. unable or unwilling to perceive or understand;  not based on reason or evidence;  unable to see;  noun something that keeps things out or hinders sight;  a hiding place sometimes used by hunters (especially duck hunters);  people who have severe visual impairments, considered as a group;  something intended to misrepresent the true nature of an activity;  verb make dim by comparison or conceal;  make blind by putting the eyes out;  render unable to see
  • blindness   noun the state of being blind or lacking sight
  • blindness to.
  • bll.
  • block   noun a solid piece of something (usually having flat rectangular sides);  housing in a large building that is divided into separate units;  an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do; often caused by emotional tension;  a number or quantity of related things dealt with as a unit;  a rectangular area in a city surrounded by streets and usually containing several buildings; (computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted;  a three dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides;  the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements;  a platform from which an auctioneer sells; an obstruction in a pipe or tube;  a metal casting containing the cylinders and cooling ducts of an engine;  a simple machine consisting of a wheel with a groove in which a rope can run to change the direction or point of application of a force applied to the rope;  verb shape into a block or blocks;  shape by using a block; support, secure, or raise with a block;  stamp or emboss a title or design on a book with a block;  interrupt the normal function of by means of anesthesia;  run on a block system;  prohibit the conversion or use of (assets);  be unable to remember;  interfere with or prevent the reception of signals;  impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball);  block passage through;  render unsuitable for passage; obstruct;  shut out from view or get in the way so as to hide from sight;  hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of;  stop from happening or developing
  • blocker   noun a class of drugs that inhibit (block) some biological process;  a football player whose responsibility is to block players attempting to stop an offensive play
  • blockers.
  • blockers for hypertension.
  • blocking   noun the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements
  • blocks.
  • blood   noun temperament or disposition;  the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart;  people viewed as members of a group;  the descendants of one individual;  a dissolute man in fashionable society;  verb smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
  • blood gases measurement for pulmonary.
  • blood glucose structured self monitoring of.
  • blood lead level.
  • blood pressure   noun the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels; results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart; sometimes measured for a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • blood urea nitrogen.
  • blood vessels.
  • bloody   adj. having or covered with or accompanied by blood; (used of persons) informal intensifiers;  adv. extremely;  verb cover with blood
  • blot   noun an act that brings discredit to the person who does it;  a blemish made by dirt;  verb dry (ink) with blotting paper;  make a spot or mark onto
  • blues   noun a type of folksong that originated among Black Americans at the beginning of the 20th century; has a melancholy sound from repeated use of blue notes;  a state of depression
  • blunt   adj. devoid of any qualifications or disguise or adornment; characterized by directness in manner or speech; without subtlety or evasion;  used of a knife or other blade; not sharp;  having a broad or rounded end;  verb make less sharp;  make less intense;  make less lively, intense, or vigorous; impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation;  make dull or blunt;  make numb or insensitive
  • blurred   adj. unclear in form or expression;  indistinct or hazy in outline
  • blythe.
  • bm   noun a euphemism for defecation;  solid excretory product evacuated from the bowels
  • bmd.
  • bmd bone mineral density.
  • bmi.
  • bmi body mass index.
  • bnp.
  • bnp b type natriuretic peptide.
  • bnp brain natriuretic peptide.
  • bobak.
  • bodies.
  • bodily   adj. having or relating to a physical material body;  affecting or characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit;  of or relating to or belonging to the body;  adv. in bodily form
  • body   noun the external structure of a vehicle;  the entire structure of an organism (especially an animal or human being);  a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person;  the central message of a communication;  a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity;  a collection of particulars considered as a system;  an individual 3 dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; the property of holding together and retaining its shape;  the body excluding the head and neck and limbs;  verb invest with or as with a body; give body to
  • body lice.
  • body mass index.
  • body weight concomitant pharmacology that.
  • body worn.
  • boeck.
  • bohn.
  • bonding   noun fastening firmly together;  (dentistry) a technique for repairing a tooth; resinous material is applied to the surface of the tooth where it adheres to the tooth's enamel;  a close personal relationship that forms between people (as between husband and wife or parent and child)
  • bone   adj. consisting of or made up of bone;  noun a shade of white the color of bleached bones;  rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates;  the porous calcified substance from which bones are made;  verb remove the bones from;  study intensively, as before an exam
  • bone mineral density.
  • bones   noun a percussion instrument consisting of a pair of hollow pieces of wood or bone (usually held between the thumb and fingers) that are made to click together (as by Spanish dancers) in rhythm with the dance
  • bonney   noun United States outlaw who was said to have killed 21 men (1859 1881)
  • bontril.
  • bontril p hendimetrazine.
  • books.
  • boomers.
  • borborygmi.
  • borderline   adj. of questionable or minimal quality;  noun a line that indicates a boundary
  • bordetella.
  • borgiel.
  • bortezomib.
  • bosentan.
  • botanica.
  • botanicals.
  • botox   noun a neurotoxin (trade name Botox) that is used clinically in small quantities to treat strabismus and facial spasms and other neurological disorders characterized by abnormal muscle contractions; is also used by cosmetic surgeons to smooth frown lines temporarily
  • bottle   noun a glass or plastic vessel used for storing drinks or other liquids; typically cylindrical without handles and with a narrow neck that can be plugged or capped;  a vessel fitted with a flexible teat and filled with milk or formula; used as a substitute for breast feeding infants and very young children;  the quantity contained in a bottle;  verb put into bottles;  store (liquids or gases) in bottles
  • botulinum   noun anaerobic bacterium producing botulin the toxin that causes botulism
  • botulism   noun food poisoning from ingesting botulin; not infectious; affects the CNS; can be fatal if not treated promptly
  • bouchard.
  • boutique   noun a shop that sells women's clothes and jewelry
  • boutonni.
  • bovis.
  • bowel   noun the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • bowen.
  • boxes.
  • boydii.
  • boys.
  • bph   noun enlarged prostate; appears to be part of the natural aging process
  • bppv.
  • brace   noun a structural member used to stiffen a framework;  a carpenter's tool having a crank handle for turning and a socket to hold a bit for boring;  an appliance that corrects dental irregularities; a support that steadies or strengthens something else;  elastic straps that hold trousers up (usually used in the plural);  a rope on a square rigged ship that is used to swing a yard about and secure it;  either of two punctuation marks ({ or }) used to enclose textual material;  a set of two similar things considered as a unit;  two items of the same kind;  verb support by bracing;  support or hold steady and make steadfast, with or as if with a brace;  prepare (oneself) for something unpleasant or difficult;  cause to be alert and energetic
  • brachial   adj. of or relating to an arm
  • brachial plexus   noun a network of nerves formed by cervical and thoracic spinal nerves and supplying the arm and parts of the shoulder
  • braden.
  • braden scale for pressure ulcer assessment in.
  • bradyarrhythmias.
  • bradycardia   noun abnormally slow heartbeat
  • bradypnea.
  • brain   noun that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord;  mental ability;  the brain of certain animals used as meat;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality;  verb kill by smashing someone's skull;  hit on the head
  • brain natriuretic peptide.
  • brainstem   noun the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
  • branch   noun an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization;  a stream or river connected to a larger one;  a division of a stem, or secondary stem arising from the main stem of a plant;  a part of a forked or branching shape;  any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm;  a natural consequence of development;  verb divide into two or more branches so as to form a fork;  grow and send out branches or branch like structures
  • branchial   adj. of or relating to gills (or to parts of the body derived from embryonic gills)
  • bravo   noun a cry of approval as from an audience at the end of great performance;  a murderer (especially one who kills a prominent political figure) who kills by a treacherous surprise attack and often is hired to do the deed;  verb applaud with shouts of `bravo' or `brava'
  • brca.
  • breaking   adj. (of waves) curling over and crashing into surf or spray;  noun the act of breaking something
  • breast   noun the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen;  either of two soft fleshy milk secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman;  meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit;  meet at breast level;  confront bodily
  • breast breast cancer.
  • breast cancer   noun cancer of the breast; one of the most common malignancies in women in the US
  • breast cancer risk assessment.
  • breast diseases.
  • breast feeding   noun nourishing at the breast
  • breast milk.
  • breastfeeding.
  • breastfeeding parental education and.
  • breath   noun the process of taking in and expelling air during breathing;  a slight movement of the air;  the air that is inhaled and exhaled in respiration;  a short respite;  an indirect suggestion
  • breathing   adj. passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally; sometimes used in combination;  noun the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation
  • brennan.
  • brevibloc   noun intravenous beta blocker (trade name Brevibloc) that acts for only a short time; used primarily for cardiac arrhythmias
  • bridges   noun United States labor leader who organized the longshoremen (1901 1990)
  • brief   adj. concise and succinct;  of short duration or distance;  (of clothing) very short;  noun a condensed written summary or abstract; a document stating the facts and points of law of a client's case; verb give essential information to someone
  • brigance.
  • brigance screens ii in developmental screening.
  • bright   adj. full or promise;  having lots of light either natural or artificial;  emitting or reflecting light readily or in large amounts; having striking color;  abounding with sunlight;  splendid; characterized by happiness or gladness;  characterized by quickness and ease in learning;  made smooth and bright by or as if by rubbing; reflecting a sheen or glow;  clear and sharp and ringing;  not made dim or less bright;  adv. with brightness
  • bright futures.
  • brilinta.
  • brill   noun European food fish
  • brillation.
  • bristol   noun an industrial city and port in southwestern England near the mouth of the River Avon
  • british   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Great Britain or its people or culture;  noun the people of Great Britain
  • brittle   adj. having little elasticity; hence easily cracked or fractured or snapped;  (of metal or glass) not annealed and consequently easily cracked or fractured;  lacking warmth and generosity of spirit; noun caramelized sugar cooled in thin sheets
  • broken   adj. physically and forcibly separated into pieces or cracked or split;  (especially of promises or contracts) having been violated or disregarded;  not continuous in space, time, or sequence or varying abruptly;  lacking a part or parts;  discontinuous;  out of working order (`busted' is an informal substitute for `broken'); destroyed financially;  weakened and infirm;  thrown into a state of disarray or confusion;  imperfectly spoken or written;  subdued or brought low in condition or status;  topographically very uneven; tamed or trained to obey
  • bromide   noun any of the salts of hydrobromic acid; formerly used as a sedative but now generally replaced by safer drugs;  a trite or obvious remark
  • bromocriptine.
  • bronchi.
  • bronchial   adj. relating to or associated with the bronchi
  • bronchiectasis.
  • bronchiolitis   noun inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchioles
  • bronchitis   noun inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
  • bronchodilator   noun a drug that relaxes and dilates the bronchial passageways and improves the passages of air into the lungs
  • bronchodilators.
  • bronchodilators for acute exacerbation of copd.
  • bronchogenic.
  • bronchopneumonia   noun pneumonia characterized by acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles
  • bronchopulmonary.
  • bronchoscopy.
  • bronchospasm   noun a spasm of the bronchi that makes exhalation difficult and noisy; associated with asthma and bronchitis
  • broom   noun a cleaning implement for sweeping; bundle of straws or twigs attached to a long handle;  any of various shrubs of the genera Cytisus or Genista or Spartium having long slender branches and racemes of yellow flowers;  common Old World heath represented by many varieties; low evergreen grown widely in the northern hemisphere;  verb finish with a broom;  sweep with a broom or as if with a broom
  • brosis.
  • brouwer.
  • brown   adj. (of skin) deeply suntanned;  of a color similar to that of wood or earth;  noun an orange of low brightness and saturation; abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800 1858);  Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773 1858);  a university in Rhode Island;  verb fry in a pan until it changes color
  • brucellosis   noun infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products; characterized by fever and headache;  an infectious disease of domestic animals often resulting in spontaneous abortion; transmittable to human beings
  • brudzinski.
  • brugada.
  • bruises.
  • bruit   verb tell or spread rumors
  • bruits.
  • brunswick   noun a town in southeast Georgia near the Atlantic coast; a port of entry;  a university town in southwestern Maine;  a city in central Germany
  • btb.
  • bubble   noun a dome shaped covering made of transparent glass or plastic;  an impracticable and illusory idea;  a hollow globule of gas (e.g., air or carbon dioxide);  a speculative scheme that depends on unstable factors that the planner cannot control;  verb form, produce, or emit bubbles;  expel gas from the stomach;  flow in an irregular current with a bubbling noise
  • bubonic   adj. of or evidencing buboes
  • bubonic plague   noun the most common form of the plague in humans; characterized by chills, prostration, delirium and the formation of buboes in the armpits and groin; does not spread from person to person
  • buccal   adj. toward the inside of the cheek;  lying within the mouth; of or relating to or toward the cheek
  • buchem.
  • budd.
  • budesonide.
  • buerger.
  • buerger disease.
  • building   noun a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place;  the occupants of a building; the act of constructing something;  the commercial activity involved in repairing old structures or constructing new ones
  • bulb   noun a rounded part of a cylindrical instrument (usually at one end);  a rounded dilation or expansion in a canal or vessel or organ; a modified bud consisting of a thickened globular underground stem serving as a reproductive structure;  electric lamp consisting of a transparent or translucent glass housing containing a wire filament (usually tungsten) that emits light when heated by electricity;  lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata)
  • bulbar   adj. involving the medulla oblongata
  • bulimia   noun pathologically insatiable hunger (especially when caused by brain lesions);  a disorder of eating seen among young women who go on eating binges and then feel guilt and depression and self condemnation
  • bulimina.
  • bulking.
  • bulla   noun the round leaden seal affixed to a papal bull; (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid
  • bullae.
  • bulletin   noun a brief report (especially an official statement issued for immediate publication or broadcast);  verb make public by bulletin
  • bullous.
  • bullying   adj. noisily domineering; tending to browbeat others;  nounthe act of intimidating a weaker person to make them do something
  • bumetanide.
  • bumps.
  • bun   noun small rounded bread either plain or sweet
  • bun to creatinine.
  • bundle   noun a package of several things tied together for carrying or storing;  a collection of things wrapped or boxed together;  a large sum of money (especially as pay or profit);  verb sleep fully clothed in the same bed with one's betrothed;  make into a bundle;  compress into a wad;  gather or cause to gather into a cluster
  • bunion   noun a painful swelling of the bursa of the first joint of the big toe
  • bunnell.
  • buprenorphine.
  • bupropion.
  • bupropion naltrexone.
  • bupropion sustained release.
  • burack.
  • burden   noun an onerous or difficult concern;  the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse;  weight to be borne or conveyed;  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work;  verb weight down with a load;  impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
  • burnes.
  • burnout.
  • burns   noun celebrated Scottish poet (1759 1796);  United States comedian and film actor (1896 1996)
  • bursae.
  • bursitis   noun inflammation of a bursa; frequently in the shoulder
  • bushen.
  • buspirone   noun a drug (trade name BuSpar) designed specifically for anxiety
  • buspirone in anxiety disorders management.
  • butorphanol.
  • butterbur   noun small Eurasian herb having broad leaves and lilac pink rayless flowers; found in moist areas
  • buttock ischial.
  • bv.
  • bv bacterial vaginosis.
  • by   adv. so as to pass a given point;  in reserve; not for immediate use
  • bydureon.
  • byetta.
  • bypass   noun a road that takes traffic around the edge of a town;  a surgically created shunt (usually around a damaged part);  a conductor having low resistance in parallel with another device to divert a fraction of the current;  verb avoid something unpleasant or laborious
  • byrne.
  • bystolic.

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