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Dictionary of family medicine J

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  • j   noun the 10th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second
  • ja.
  • jakob.
  • james   noun a river that rises in North Dakota and flows southward across South Dakota to the Missouri;  a river in Virginia that flows east into Chesapeake Bay at Hampton Roads;  (New Testament) disciple of Jesus; brother of John; author of the Epistle of James in the New Testament;  writer who was born in the United States but lived in England (1843 1916);  United States pragmatic philosopher and psychologist (1842 1910);  United States outlaw who fought as a Confederate soldier and later led a band of outlaws that robbed trains and banks in the West until he was murdered by a member of his own gang (1847 1882);  the first Stuart to be king of England and Ireland from 1603 to 1625 and king of Scotland from 1567 to 1625; he was the son of Mary Queen of Scots and he succeeded Elizabeth I; he alienated the British Parliament by claiming the divine right of kings (1566 1625);  the last Stuart to be king of England and Ireland and Scotland; overthrown in 1688 (1633 1701);  a Stuart king of Scotland who married a daughter of Henry VII; when England and France went to war in 1513 he invaded England and died in defeat at Flodden (1473 1513);  a New Testament book attributed to Saint James the Apostle
  • jane.
  • janeway.
  • januvia.
  • japan   noun lacquer with a durable glossy black finish, originally from the orient;  lacquerware decorated and varnished in the Japanese manner with a glossy durable black lacquer;  a string of more than 3,000 islands east of Asia extending 1,300 miles between the Sea of Japan and the western Pacific Ocean;  a constitutional monarchy occupying the Japanese Archipelago; a world leader in electronics and automobile manufacture and ship building;  verb coat with a lacquer, as done in Japan
  • japan epa lipid intervention study.
  • japanese   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Japan or its people or their culture or language;  noun the language (usually considered to be Altaic) spoken by the Japanese;  a native or inhabitant of Japan
  • japanese encephalitis.
  • jaundice   noun yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood; can be a symptom of gallstones or liver infection or anemia;  a rough and bitter manner;  verb affect with, or as if with, jaundice;  distort adversely
  • jaundice with.
  • jaw   noun holding device consisting of one or both of the opposing parts of a tool that close to hold an object;  the part of the skull of a vertebrate that frames the mouth and holds the teeth;  the bones of the skull that frame the mouth and serve to open it; the bones that hold the teeth;  verb censure severely or angrily;  talk incessantly and tiresomely;  talk socially without exchanging too much information; chew (food)
  • jb.
  • jc.
  • jcm.
  • jdf.
  • je.
  • jeghers.
  • jejuni.
  • jejunitis   noun inflammation of the jejunum of the small intestine
  • jejunoileal.
  • jelis.
  • jenner   noun English physician who pioneered vaccination; Jenner inoculated people with small amounts of cowpox to prevent them from getting smallpox (1749 1823)
  • jentadueto.
  • jeor.
  • jerk   noun an abrupt spasmodic movement;  raising a weight from shoulder height to above the head by straightening the arms;  a dull stupid fatuous person;  (mechanics) the rate of change of acceleration;  a sudden abrupt pull;  meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun;  verb throw or toss with a quick motion; move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions;  make an uncontrolled, short, jerky motion;  pull, or move with a sudden movement;  jump vertically, with legs stiff and back arched
  • jerks.
  • jews.
  • jgr.
  • jh.
  • jiangtang.
  • jionts.
  • jiroveci.
  • jiroveci pneumonia hiv.
  • jirovecii.
  • jitteriness   noun the anxious feeling you have when you have the jitters
  • jk.
  • jm.
  • jnc.
  • jnc vii.
  • jnc vii seventh report of the joint national committee on.
  • johann.
  • john   noun the last of the four Gospels in the New Testament;  (New Testament) disciple of Jesus; traditionally said to be the author of the 4th Gospel and three epistles and the book of Revelation;  youngest son of Henry II; King of England from 1199 to 1216; succeeded to the throne on the death of his brother Richard I; lost his French possessions; in 1215 John was compelled by the barons to sign the Magna Carta (1167 1216);  a room or building equipped with one or more toilets;  a prostitute's customer
  • johns   noun United States artist and proponent of pop art (born in 1930)
  • johnson   noun 17th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated; was impeached but acquitted by one vote (1808 1875);  36th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Kennedy when Kennedy was assassinated (1908 1973);  English writer and lexicographer (1709 1784)
  • joint   adj. involving both houses of a legislature;  united or combined;  affecting or involving two or more;  noun marijuana leaves rolled into a cigarette for smoking;  junction by which parts or objects are joined together;  a disreputable place of entertainment; (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion);  a piece of meat roasted or for roasting and of a size for slicing into more than one portion;  the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made;  verb separate (meat) at the joint;  fasten with a joint;  provide with a joint;  fit as if by joints
  • joint disease deformities in rheumatoid arthritis.
  • joints.
  • jones   noun English phonetician (1881 1967);  one of the first great English architects and a theater designer (1573 1652);  American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747 1792);  United States golfer (1902 1971);  United States railroad engineer who died trying to stop his train from crashing into another train; a friend wrote a famous ballad describing the incident (1864 1900);  United States labor leader (born in Ireland) who helped to found the Industrial Workers of the World (1830 1930)
  • jordan   noun an Arab kingdom in southwestern Asia on the Red Sea;  a river in Palestine that empties into the Dead Sea; John the Baptist baptized Jesus in the Jordan
  • journal   noun the part of the axle contained by a bearing;  a record book as a physical object;  a periodical dedicated to a particular subject;  a daily written record of (usually personal) experiences and observations;  a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred
  • joy   noun something or someone that provides pleasure; a source of happiness;  the emotion of great happiness;  verb make glad or happy;  feel happiness or joy
  • jp.
  • jr   noun a son who has the same first name as his father
  • jt.
  • jugular   adj. relating to or located in the region of the neck or throat;  noun a vital part that is vulnerable to attack;  veins in the neck that return blood from the head
  • junction   noun an act of joining or adjoining things;  the place where two or more things come together;  something that joins or connects; the state of being joined together;  the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made
  • junctional.
  • justice   noun the administration of law; the act of determining rights and assigning rewards or punishments;  the quality of being just or fair;  the United States federal department responsible for enforcing federal laws (including the enforcement of all civil rights legislation); created in 1870;  a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
  • juvenile   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of or appropriate for children or young people;  displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity;  noun a youthful person
  • jw.

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