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Dictionary of family medicine V

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  • uveitis   noun inflammation of the uvea of the eye
  • v   noun the 22nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of potential equal to the potential difference between two points on a conductor carrying a current of 1 ampere when the power dissipated between the two points is 1 watt; equivalent to the potential difference across a resistance of 1 ohm when 1 ampere of current flows through it;  a soft silvery white toxic metallic element used in steel alloys; it occurs in several complex minerals including carnotite and vanadinite
  • va   noun the United States federal department responsible for the interests of military veterans; created in 1989;  a state in the eastern United States; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the Confederate States in the American Civil War
  • vaccination   noun the scar left following inoculation with a vaccine; taking a vaccine as a precaution against contracting a disease
  • vaccinations.
  • vaccine   noun immunogen consisting of a suspension of weakened or dead pathogenic cells injected in order to stimulate the production of antibodies
  • vaccine associated.
  • vaccine associated paralytic poliomyelitis.
  • vaccine information statements.
  • vaccines.
  • vachon.
  • vacuum   noun an electrical home appliance that cleans by suction; a region that is devoid of matter;  the absence of matter;  an empty area or space;  verb clean with a vacuum cleaner
  • vacuum constriction devices for disorders of excitement and.
  • vacuum erective devices.
  • vagina   noun the lower part of the female reproductive tract; a moist canal in female mammals extending from the labia minora to the uterus
  • vaginal   adj. of or relating to the vagina
  • vaginal birth after cesarean section in.
  • vaginal bleeding associated.
  • vaginal tablets for urinary incontinence.
  • vaginalis.
  • vaginitis   noun inflammation of the vagina (usually associated with candidiasis)
  • vaginosis.
  • vagus   noun a mixed nerve that supplies the pharynx and larynx and lungs and heart and esophagus and stomach and most of the abdominal viscera
  • vagus nerve   noun a mixed nerve that supplies the pharynx and larynx and lungs and heart and esophagus and stomach and most of the abdominal viscera
  • vagus nerve stimulation and transcranial.
  • val heft.
  • valganciclovir.
  • valgus.
  • valiant   adj. having or showing valor
  • validation   noun the act of validating; finding or testing the truth of something;  the cognitive process of establishing a valid proof
  • validity   noun the quality of having legal force or effectiveness;  the quality of being logically valid
  • valproic.
  • valproic acid   noun anticonvulsant (trade name Depokene) used to prevent some kinds of seizures
  • valsartan.
  • valsartan in acute myocardial infarction.
  • valsartan in acute myocardial infarction trial.
  • valsartan in heart failure trial.
  • value of tests.
  • values   noun beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emotional investment (either for or against something)
  • valve   noun control consisting of a mechanical device for controlling the flow of a fluid;  device in a brass wind instrument for varying the length of the air column to alter the pitch of a tone;  a structure in a hollow organ (like the heart) with a flap to insure one way flow of fluid through it
  • valves.
  • valvular   adj. relating to or operating by means of valves
  • valvular heart disease   noun heart disease caused by stenosis of the cardiac valves and obstructed blood flow or caused by degeneration and blood regurgitation
  • valvuloplasty.
  • van   noun a truck with an enclosed cargo space;  a camper equipped with living quarters;  the leading units moving at the head of an army;  any creative group active in the innovation and application of new concepts and techniques in a given field (especially in the arts)
  • vanasse.
  • vancomycin   noun an antibiotic (trade name Vancocin) effective against some bacterial infections
  • vanier.
  • vanillylmandelic.
  • vanillylmandelic acid.
  • vanish   verb decrease rapidly and disappear;  cease to exist; become invisible or unnoticeable;  get lost, as without warning or explanation;  pass away rapidly
  • vap.
  • vapp.
  • vardenafil   noun virility drug (trade name Levitra) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • varenicline.
  • variability   noun the quality of being subject to variation;  the quality of being uneven and lacking uniformity
  • variability of.
  • variable   adj. (used of a device) designed so that a property (as e.g. light) can be varied;  liable to or capable of change;  marked by diversity or difference;  noun a quantity that can assume any of a set of values;  a symbol (like x or y) that is used in mathematical or logical expressions to represent a variable quantity;  something that is likely to vary; something that is subject to variation;  a star that varies noticeably in brightness
  • variation   noun an activity that varies from a norm or standard;  the act of changing or altering something slightly but noticeably from the norm or standard;  an artifact that deviates from a norm or standard; a repetition of a musical theme in which it is modified or embellished;  an instance of change; the rate or magnitude of change;  (astronomy) any perturbation of the mean motion or orbit of a planet or satellite (especially a perturbation of the earth's moon); the process of varying or being varied;  (ballet) a solo dance or dance figure;  something a little different from others of the same type;  (biology) an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration;  the angle (at a particular location) between magnetic north and true north
  • varicella   noun an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus; causes a rash of vesicles on the face and body
  • varicella zoster.
  • varicella zoster virus   noun the member of the herpes virus family that is responsible for chickenpox
  • varices.
  • varicoceles.
  • varicose   adj. abnormally swollen or knotty
  • varied   adj. broken away from sameness or identity or duplication; widely different;  characterized by variety
  • variola   noun a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars
  • varus.
  • vas   noun a tube in which a body fluid circulates
  • vasa.
  • vascular   adj. of or relating to or having vessels that conduct and circulate fluids
  • vascular disease coexisting with peripheral.
  • vascular disorders.
  • vasculature.
  • vasculitic.
  • vasculitis   noun inflammation of a blood vessel
  • vasoconstriction   noun decrease in the diameter of blood vessels
  • vasoconstrictors.
  • vasoconstrictors topical for allergic rhinitis.
  • vasodilation   noun dilation of blood vessels (especially the arteries)
  • vasodilators.
  • vasomotor   adj. relating to the nerves and muscles that cause the blood vessels to constrict or dilate
  • vasopressin   noun hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • vasotec   noun an ACE inhibitor (trade name Vasotec) that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidney and so results in vasodilation; administered after heart attacks
  • vasovagal.
  • vastyan.
  • vater.
  • vbg.
  • vbg vertical banded gastroplasty.
  • vca.
  • vcug.
  • vcug voiding cystourethrogram.
  • vdrl.
  • vdts.
  • vdts video display terminals.
  • ve.
  • veale.
  • veds.
  • vegetarian   noun eater of fruits and grains and nuts; someone who eats no meat or fish or (often) any animal products
  • vegetarian diet.
  • vein   noun one of the horny ribs that stiffen and support the wing of an insect;  a blood vessel that carries blood from the capillaries toward the heart;  a distinctive style or manner;  a layer of ore between layers of rock;  any of the vascular bundles or ribs that form the branching framework of conducting and supporting tissues in a leaf or other plant organ;  verb make a veinlike pattern
  • veins.
  • velocity   noun distance travelled per unit time
  • vena   noun a blood vessel that carries blood from the capillaries toward the heart
  • venereal   adj. of or relating to the external sex organs
  • venereal disease research laboratories.
  • venereal disease research laboratory.
  • venereum.
  • venlafaxine.
  • venom   noun toxin secreted by animals; secreted by certain snakes and poisonous insects (e.g., spiders and scorpions);  feeling a need to see others suffer
  • venous   adj. of or contained in or performing the function of the veins
  • venous thromboembolism.
  • ventilation   noun the act of supplying fresh air and getting rid of foul air;  a mechanical system in a building that provides fresh air; the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation;  free and open discussion of (or debate on) some question of public interest
  • ventilator associated.
  • ventilator associated pneumonia.
  • ventral   adj. toward or on or near the belly (front of a primate or lower surface of a lower animal);  nearest to or facing toward the axis of an organ or organism
  • ventricular   adj. of or relating to a ventricle (of the heart or brain)
  • ventricular dysfunction.
  • ventricular fibrillation   noun fibrillation of heart muscles resulting in interference with rhythmic contractions of the ventricles and possibly leading to cardiac arrest
  • ventricular premature contractions.
  • ventricular tachycardia.
  • vera.
  • verapamil   noun a drug (trade names Calan and Isoptin) used as an oral or parenteral calcium blocker in cases of hypertension or congestive heart failure or angina or migraine
  • verapamil hydrochloride.
  • verbal   adj. communicated in the form of words;  prolix;  relating to or having facility in the use of words;  expressed in spoken words;  of or relating to or formed from a verb;  of or relating to or formed from words in general
  • verbal nonverbal.
  • verelan.
  • verhaak.
  • vernal   adj. of or characteristic of or occurring in spring;  suggestive of youth; vigorous and fresh
  • verocytotoxin.
  • verruca   noun (pathology) a firm abnormal elevated blemish on the skin; caused by a virus
  • versicolor.
  • version   noun manual turning of a fetus in the uterus (usually to aid delivery);  something a little different from others of the same type; an interpretation of a matter from a particular viewpoint;  a mental representation of the meaning or significance of something;  a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form;  a written communication in a second language having the same meaning as the written communication in a first language
  • versus.
  • vertebral   adj. of or relating to or constituting vertebrae
  • vertebral basilar.
  • vertebrobasilar.
  • vertebrobasilar transient ischemic attacks.
  • vertical   adj. of or relating to different levels in a hierarchy (as levels of social class or income group);  at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line;  relating to or involving all stages of a business from production to distribution;  upright in position or posture;  noun something that is oriented vertically;  a vertical structural member as a post or stake
  • vertical banded gastroplasty.
  • very low density.
  • very low density lipoprotein   noun large lipoproteins rich in triglycerides; VLDLs circulate through the blood giving up their triglycerides to fat and muscle tissue until the VLDL remnants are modified and converted into LDL
  • vesical   adj. of or relating to a bladder (especially the urinary bladder)
  • vesicare.
  • vesicles.
  • vesicoureteral.
  • vesicoureteral reflux   noun a backflow of urine from the bladder into the ureter
  • vesicovaginal.
  • vesicular   adj. of or relating to or involving vesicles
  • vessels.
  • vestibular   adj. relating to the sense of equilibrium
  • vestibulitis.
  • vestibulocochlear.
  • vestibulocochlear nerve   noun a composite sensory nerve supplying the hair cells of the vestibular organ and the hair cells of the cochlea
  • vf.
  • vi   noun more than 130 southeastern Virgin Islands; a dependent territory of the United States
  • vials.
  • vibrio   noun curved rodlike motile bacterium
  • vibrio cholerae whole cell b subunit vaccine for travelers.
  • vibroacoustic.
  • vibroacoustic stimulation in antepartum fetal.
  • victoza.
  • video   noun the visible part of a television transmission;  a recording of both the video and audio components (especially one containing a recording of a movie or television program);  broadcasting visual images of stationary or moving objects
  • video display terminals.
  • video laryngeal stroboscopy.
  • videonystagmography.
  • view   noun the act of looking or seeing or observing;  outward appearance;  the visual percept of a region;  purpose; the phrase `with a view to' means `with the intention of' or `for the purpose of'; the range of the eye;  graphic art consisting of the graphic or photographic representation of a visual percept;  the range of interest or activity that can be anticipated;  a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty;  a way of regarding situations or topics etc.;  a message expressing a belief about something; the expression of a belief that is held with confidence but not substantiated by positive knowledge or proof;  verb look at carefully; study mentally;  deem to be;  see or watch
  • views.
  • vii.
  • viii.
  • villous.
  • villus   noun a minute hairlike projection on mucous membrane
  • vincent.
  • vincristine   noun periwinkle plant derivative used as an antineoplastic drug (trade name Oncovin); used to treat cancer of the lymphatic system
  • vindicate   verb clear of accusation, blame, suspicion, or doubt with supporting proof;  maintain, uphold, or defend;  show to be right by providing justification or proof
  • vinson   noun United States jurist who served as chief justice of the Supreme Court (1890 1953)
  • violence   noun an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists);  a turbulent state resulting in injuries and destruction etc.; the property of being wild or turbulent
  • vipoma.
  • viral   adj. relating to or caused by a virus
  • viral infections.
  • viral infections with skin manifestations in infants.
  • virchow   noun German pathologist who recognized that all cells come from cells by binary fission and who emphasized cellular abnormalities in disease (1821 1902)
  • viridian.
  • virilism   noun the development of male secondary sexual characteristics in a female (or prematurely in a young boy)
  • virilization   noun the abnormal development of male sexual characteristics in a female (usually as the result of hormone therapies or adrenal malfunction)
  • virtual   adj. existing in essence or effect though not in actual fact; being actually such in almost every respect
  • virus   noun (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein;  a software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer;  a harmful or corrupting agency
  • viruses.
  • visceral   adj. relating to or affecting the viscera;  obtained through intuition rather than from reasoning or observation
  • visceroptosis.
  • viscus   noun a main organ that is situated inside the body
  • visible   adj. present and easily available;  obvious to the eye; capable of being seen; or open to easy view
  • vision   noun the perceptual experience of seeing;  a vivid mental image;  a religious or mystical experience of a supernatural appearance;  the formation of a mental image of something that is not perceived as real and is not present to the senses;  the ability to see; the visual faculty
  • vision impairment.
  • vision screening and ocular examination in.
  • visit   noun the act of going to see some person in a professional capacity;  the act of visiting in an official capacity (as for an inspection);  the act of going to see some person or place or thing for a short time;  a meeting arranged by the visitor to see someone (such as a doctor or lawyer) for treatment or advice;  a temporary stay (e.g., as a guest);  verb assail;  come to see in an official or professional capacity;  pay a brief visit;  visit a place, as for entertainment;  stay with as a guest;  impose something unpleasant; talk socially without exchanging too much information;  go to certain places as for sightseeing
  • visits.
  • viss.
  • visual   adj. able to be seen;  relating to or using sight
  • visual disturbances with alcohol withdrawal.
  • vital   adj. manifesting or characteristic of life;  performing an essential function in the living body;  full of spirit;  urgently needed; absolutely necessary
  • vitamin   noun any of a group of organic substances essential in small quantities to normal metabolism
  • vitamin a   noun any of several fat soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes
  • vitamin c   noun a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • vitamin c deficiency.
  • vitamin d   noun a fat soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • vitamin e   noun a fat soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • vitamin k   noun a fat soluble vitamin that helps in the clotting of blood
  • vitamin k epoxide reductase.
  • vitrectomy.
  • vitreous   adj. relating to or resembling or derived from or containing glass;  of or relating to or constituting the vitreous humor of the eye; (of ceramics) having the surface made shiny and nonporous by fusing a vitreous solution to it
  • vkor.
  • vldl   noun large lipoproteins rich in triglycerides; VLDLs circulate through the blood giving up their triglycerides to fat and muscle tissue until the VLDL remnants are modified and converted into LDL
  • vls.
  • vma.
  • vocabulary   noun a language user's knowledge of words;  the system of techniques or symbols serving as a means of expression (as in arts or crafts);  a listing of the words used in some enterprise
  • vocal   adj. full of the sound of voices;  having or using the power to produce speech or sound;  relating to or designed for or using the singing voice;  given to expressing yourself freely or insistently;  nouna short musical composition with words;  music intended to be performed by one or more singers, usually with instrumental accompaniment
  • vocalization   noun the use of uttered sounds for auditory communication;  the sound made by the vibration of vocal folds modified by the resonance of the vocal tract
  • voiding   noun the bodily process of discharging waste matter
  • voiding cystourethrogram.
  • voiding cystourethrography.
  • volunteers.
  • volvulus   noun abnormal twisting of the intestines (usually in the are of the ileum or sigmoid colon) resulting in intestinal obstruction
  • vomiting   noun the reflex act of ejecting the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • vomiting nausea and management of as goal in hospice.
  • vomitus   noun the matter ejected in vomiting
  • von.
  • von willebrand disease.
  • vortioxetine.
  • vpcs.
  • vs.
  • vt   noun a state in New England
  • vte.
  • vulgaris.
  • vulnerable   adj. capable of being wounded or hurt;  susceptible to criticism or persuasion or temptation;  susceptible to attack
  • vulnificus.
  • vulval   adj. of or relating to the vulva
  • vulvar   adj. of or relating to the vulva
  • vulvitis   noun inflammation of the vulva
  • vulvovaginal.
  • vulvovaginal candidiasis.
  • vulvovaginitis   noun inflammation of the vulva and the vagina
  • vur.
  • vur vesicoureteral reflux.
  • vvc.
  • vvc vulvovaginal candidiasis.
  • vw.
  • vw d.
  • vwd.
  • vyvanse.
  • vzv.
  • vzv varicella zoster virus.

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