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Dictionary of food and drink

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  • AGORA -  a place of assembly for the people in ancient Greece; the marketplace in ancient Greece; 100 agorot equal 1 shekel in Israel
  • AIDS -  a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • Aaron Burr -  United States politician who served as vice president under Jefferson; he mortally wounded his political rival Alexander Hamilton in a duel and fled south (1756-1836)
  • Acetaldehyde -  a colorless volatile water-soluble liquid aldehyde used chiefly in manufacture of acetic acid and perfumes and drugs
  • Acetic acid -  a colorless pungent liquid widely used in manufacturing plastics and pharmaceuticals
  • Acetyl -  the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO-)
  • Aconcagua -  the highest mountain in the western hemisphere; located in the Andes in western Argentina (22,834 feet high)
  • Acorus -  sweet flags; sometimes placed in subfamily Acoraceae
  • Acquired taste -  a preference that is only acquired after considerable experience
  • Acupuncture -  treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
  • Ada -  an enzyme found in mammals that can catalyze the deamination of adenosine into inosine and ammonia
  • Adams -  a mountain peak in southwestern Washington in the Cascade Range (12,307 feet high); 2nd President of the United States (1735-1826); 6th President of the United States; son of John Adams (1767-1848); American Revolutionary leader and patriot; an organizer of the Boston Tea Party and signer of the Declaration of Independence (1722-1803)
  • Ade -  a sweetened beverage of diluted fruit juice
  • Adipose tissue -  a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs
  • Adobo -  a dish of marinated vegetables and meat or fish; served with rice
  • Adulterant -  making impure or corrupt by adding extraneous materials;  any substance that adulterates (lessens the purity or effectiveness of a substance)
  • Advertising -  the business of drawing public attention to goods and services; a public promotion of some product or service
  • Advocacy -  active support of an idea or cause etc.; especially the act of pleading or arguing for something
  • Aegean -  of or relating to or bordering the Aegean Sea; of or relating to or characteristic of the prehistoric Aegean civilization;  an arm of the Mediterranean between Greece and Turkey; a main trade route for the ancient civilizations of Crete and Greece and Rome and Persia
  • Aerobics -  exercise that increases the need for oxygen
  • Afghan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Afghanistan or its people;  a blanket knitted or crocheted in strips or squares; sometimes used as a shawl; a native or inhabitant of Afghanistan; tall graceful breed of hound with a long silky coat; native to the Near East; a coat made of sheepskin; an Iranian language spoken in Afghanistan and Pakistan; the official language of Afghanistan
  • Africa -  the second largest continent; located south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
  • Aftertaste -  an afterimage of a taste
  • Agriculture -  the class of people engaged in growing food; the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock; a large-scale farming enterprise; the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy); created in 1862
  • Ain -  belonging to or on behalf of a specified person (especially yourself); preceded by a possessive
  • Air gun -  a gun that propels a projectile by compressed air
  • Air well -  a shaft for ventilation
  • Airborne -  moved or conveyed by or through air
  • Akan -  a Kwa language spoken in Ghana and the Ivory Coast
  • Al dente -  of pasta cooked so as to be firm when eaten
  • Alas -  by bad luck
  • Alcoholic -  addicted to alcohol; characteristic of or containing alcohol;  a person who drinks alcohol to excess habitually
  • Alcoholism -  habitual intoxication; prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms; an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
  • Alive -  capable of erupting; possessing life; (often followed by `with') full of life and spirit; (followed by `to' or `of') aware of; having life or vigor or spirit; (usually followed by `to') showing acute awareness; mentally perceptive; in operation
  • Allegro -  (of tempo) fast;  in a quick and lively tempo;  a musical composition or passage performed quickly in a brisk lively manner; a brisk and lively tempo
  • Allotment -  the act of distributing by allotting or apportioning; distribution according to a plan; a share set aside for a specific purpose
  • Almond -  oval-shaped edible seed of the almond tree; small bushy deciduous tree native to Asia and North Africa having pretty pink blossoms and highly prized edible nuts enclosed in a hard green hull; cultivated in southern Australia and California
  • Amateur -  engaged in as a pastime; lacking professional skill or expertise;  someone who pursues a study or sport as a pastime; does not play for pay
  • Amber -  of a medium to dark brownish yellow color;  a deep yellow color; a hard yellowish to brownish translucent fossil resin; used for jewelry
  • Ambrosia -  (classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods; mortals who ate it became immortal; fruit dessert made of oranges and bananas with shredded coconut; any of numerous chiefly North American weedy plants constituting the genus Ambrosia that produce highly allergenic pollen responsible for much hay fever and asthma; a mixture of nectar and pollen prepared by worker bees and fed to larvae
  • Amendment -  the act of amending or correcting; a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)
  • America -  North America and South America and Central America; North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
  • Amigo -  a friend or comrade
  • Amylase -  any of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants; help convert starch to sugar
  • Anadama bread -  a yeast-raised bread made of white flour and cornmeal and molasses
  • Andrews -  United States naturalist who contributed to paleontology and geology (1884-1960)
  • Angling -  fishing with a hook and line (and usually a pole)
  • Angus -  black hornless breed from Scotland; Celtic god of love and beauty; patron deity of young men and women
  • Animal fat -  any fat obtained from animals
  • Animal product -  a product made from animal material
  • Animal -  of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals; marked by the appetites and passions of the body;  a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • Animalia -  taxonomic kingdom comprising all living or extinct animals
  • Anise -  liquorice-flavored seeds or oil used in cookies or cakes or pickles; native to Egypt but cultivated widely for its aromatic seeds and the oil from them used medicinally and as a flavoring in cookery
  • Anna -  a former copper coin of Pakistan
  • Antipasto -  a course of appetizers in an Italian meal
  • Appetite -  a feeling of craving something
  • Apple butter -  thick dark spicy puree of apples
  • Apple dumpling -  apples wrapped in pastry and baked
  • Apple juice -  the juice of apples
  • Apple pie -  pie (with a top crust) containing sliced apples and sugar
  • Apple sauce -  puree of stewed apples usually sweetened and spiced
  • Applejack -  distilled from hard cider
  • Applesauce -  puree of stewed apples usually sweetened and spiced; nonsensical talk or writing
  • Applewood -  wood of any of various apple trees of the genus Malus
  • Aquaculture -  rearing aquatic animals or cultivating aquatic plants for food
  • Arak -  any of various strong liquors distilled from the fermented sap of toddy palms or from fermented molasses
  • Aralia elata -  deciduous clump-forming Asian shrub or small tree; adventive in the eastern United States
  • Arborist -  a specialist in treating damaged trees
  • Archery -  the sport of shooting arrows with a bow
  • Ariana -  city in Tunisia
  • Arles -  money given by a buyer to a seller to bind a contract
  • Armenian -  of or pertaining to Armenia or the people or culture of Armenia;  a writing system having an alphabet of 38 letters in which the Armenian language is written; the Indo-European language spoken predominantly in Armenia; an ethnic group speaking Armenian and living in Armenia and Azerbaijan; a native or inhabitant of Armenia
  • Arrack -  any of various strong liquors distilled from the fermented sap of toddy palms or from fermented molasses
  • Arrow -  a projectile with a straight thin shaft and an arrowhead on one end and stabilizing vanes on the other; intended to be shot from a bow; a mark to indicate a direction or relation
  • Arrowhead -  the pointed head or striking tip of an arrow
  • Arroz con pollo -  rice and chicken cooked together Spanish style; highly seasoned especially with saffron
  • Arthropoda -  jointed-foot invertebrates: arachnids; crustaceans; insects; millipedes; centipedes
  • Ascariasis -  infestation of the human intestine with Ascaris roundworms
  • Ascorbic acid -  a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • Ashkenazi -  a Jew of eastern European or German descent
  • Asia -  the nations of the Asian continent collectively; the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
  • Aspic -  savory jelly based on fish or meat stock used as a mold for meats or vegetables
  • Asshole -  insulting terms of address for people who are stupid or irritating or ridiculous; excretory opening at the end of the alimentary canal
  • Astragalus -  large genus of annual or perennial herbs or shrubs of north temperate regions; largest genus in the family Leguminosae; the bone in the ankle that articulates with the leg bones to form the ankle joint
  • Astringent -  tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue; sour or bitter in taste;  a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals
  • Astronomy -  the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole
  • Atmosphere -  the mass of air surrounding the Earth; the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body; the weather or climate at some place; a particular environment or surrounding influence; a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing; a unit of pressure: the pressure that will support a column of mercury 760 mm high at sea level and 0 degrees centigrade
  • Atole -  eaten as mush or as a thin gruel
  • Atonement -  compensation for a wrong; the act of atoning for sin or wrongdoing (especially appeasing a deity)
  • Attenuation -  the property of something that has been weakened or reduced in thickness or density; weakening in force or intensity
  • Au jus -  served in its natural juices or gravy
  • Austral -  of the south or coming from the south; relating to or coming from the south;  the basic unit of money in Argentina; equal to 100 centavos
  • Australia -  a nation occupying the whole of the Australian continent; aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern Asia 20,000 years ago; first Europeans were British convicts sent there as a penal colony; the smallest continent; between the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean
  • Automat -  a cafeteria where food is served from machines; a vending machine from which you can get food
  • Autotroph -  plant capable of synthesizing its own food from simple organic substances
  • Avena -  oats
  • Azerbaijani -  of or pertaining to Azerbaijan or the people or culture of Azerbaijan;  the Turkic language spoken by the Azerbaijani; a native or inhabitant of Azerbaijan
  • BB gun -  an air gun in which BBs are propelled by compressed air
  • Babka -  a coffee cake flavored with orange rind and raisins and almonds
  • Bacchanalia -  a wild gathering involving excessive drinking and promiscuity; an orgiastic festival in ancient Greece in honor of Dionysus (= Bacchus)
  • Bacchus -  (classical mythology) god of wine; equivalent of Dionysus
  • Bacon -  back and sides of a hog salted and dried or smoked; usually sliced thin and fried; English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626); English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)
  • Bagasse -  the dry dusty pulp that remains after juice is extracted from sugar cane or similar plants
  • Bagel -  (Yiddish) glazed yeast-raised doughnut-shaped roll with hard crust
  • Baghdad -  capital and largest city of Iraq; located on the Tigris River
  • Baguette -  narrow French stick loaf
  • Bain-marie -  a large pan that is filled with hot water; smaller pans containing food can be set in the larger pan to keep food warm or to cook food slowly
  • Bait -  something used to lure victims into danger; anything that serves as an enticement; verb attack with dogs or set dogs upon; lure, entice, or entrap with bait; harass with persistent criticism or carping
  • Baked Alaska -  cake covered with ice cream and meringue browned quickly in an oven
  • Baked potato -  potato that has been cooked by baking it in an oven
  • Baker's yeast -  used as a leaven in baking and brewing
  • Baker -  someone who bakes bread or cake; someone who bakes commercially
  • Bakery -  a workplace where baked goods (breads and cakes and pastries) are produced or sold
  • Baking -  as hot as if in an oven;  cooking by dry heat in an oven; making bread or cake or pastry etc.
  • Baklava -  rich Middle Eastern cake made of thin layers of flaky pastry filled with nuts and honey
  • Baldwin -  an American eating apple with red or yellow and red skin; English statesman; member of the Conservative Party (1867-1947); United States author who was an outspoken critic of racism (1924-1987)
  • Balsam of Peru -  dark brown syrupy balsam from the Peruvian balsam tree used especially in dressing wounds and treating certain skin diseases
  • Banana boat -  a ship designed to transport bananas
  • Banana bread -  moist bread containing banana pulp
  • Banana split -  a banana split lengthwise and topped with scoops of ice cream and sauces and nuts and whipped cream
  • Bandung -  a city in Indonesia; located on western Java (southeast of Jakarta); a resort known for its climate
  • Banjo -  a stringed instrument of the guitar family that has long neck and circular body
  • Bannock -  a flat bread made of oat or barley flour; common in New England and Scotland
  • Bantamweight -  an amateur boxer who weighs no more than 119 pounds; weighs 115-126 pounds
  • Barbecue sauce -  spicy sweet and sour sauce usually based on catsup or chili sauce
  • Barbecue -  a rack to hold meat for cooking over hot charcoal usually out of doors; a cookout in which food is cooked over an open fire; especially a whole animal carcass roasted on a spit; meat that has been barbecued or grilled in a highly seasoned sauce; verb cook outdoors on a barbecue grill
  • Barbecuing -  roasting a large piece of meat on a revolving spit out of doors over an open fire
  • Barberry -  any of numerous plants of the genus Berberis having prickly stems and yellow flowers followed by small red berries
  • Barkley -  United States politician and lawyer; vice president of the United States (1877-1956)
  • Barley water -  used to feed infants
  • Barm -  a commercial leavening agent containing yeast cells; used to raise the dough in making bread and for fermenting beer or whiskey
  • Barmbrack -  a rich currant cake or bun
  • Barrel -  a cylindrical container that holds liquids; a tube through which a bullet travels when a gun is fired; any of various units of capacity; the quantity that a barrel (of any size) will hold; a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends; verb put in barrels
  • Bartender -  an employee who mixes and serves alcoholic drinks at a bar
  • Baseball -  a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; a ball used in playing baseball
  • Basement -  the lowermost portion of a structure partly or wholly below ground level; often used for storage; the ground floor facade or interior in Renaissance architecture
  • Basil -  leaves of the common basil; used fresh or dried; (Roman Catholic Church) the bishop of Caesarea who defended the Roman Catholic Church against the heresies of the 4th century; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-379); any of several Old World tropical aromatic annual or perennial herbs of the genus Ocimum
  • Basset Hound -  smooth-haired breed of hound with short legs and long ears
  • Basting -  moistening a roast as it is cooking; loose temporary stitches
  • Baum -  United States writer of children's books (1856-1919)
  • Bay leaf -  dried leaf of the bay laurel
  • Baya -  common Indian weaverbird
  • Bayer -  the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • Beacon -  a tower with a light that gives warning of shoals to passing ships; a fire (usually on a hill or tower) that can be seen from a distance; a radio station that broadcasts a directional signal for navigational purposes; verb guide with a beacon; shine like a beacon
  • Beagle -  a small short-legged smooth-coated breed of hound
  • Beagling -  hunting rabbits with beagles
  • Bean dip -  a dip made of cooked beans
  • Bean -  any of various edible seeds of plants of the family Leguminosae used for food; any of various leguminous plants grown for their edible seeds and pods; any of various seeds or fruits that are beans or resemble beans; informal terms for a human head; verb hit on the head, especially with a pitched baseball
  • Beanfeast -  an annual dinner party given by an employer for the employees
  • Beano -  a game in which numbered balls are drawn at random and players cover the corresponding numbers on their cards
  • Bear claw -  claw of a bear; often used in jewelry; an incised design resembling the claw of a bear; used in Native American pottery; almond-flavored yeast-raised pastry shaped in an irregular semicircle resembling a bear's claw
  • Beef Wellington -  rare-roasted beef tenderloin coated with mushroom paste in puff pastry
  • Beef -  cattle that are reared for their meat; meat from an adult domestic bovine; informal terms for objecting; verb complain
  • Beekeeper -  a farmer who keeps bees for their honey
  • Beeline -  the most direct route
  • Beer -  a general name for alcoholic beverages made by fermenting a cereal (or mixture of cereals) flavored with hops
  • Beignet -  a square, very rich drop friedcake dusted with confectioners' sugar
  • Beirut -  capital and largest city of Lebanon; located in western Lebanon on the Mediterranean
  • Bell pepper -  large bell-shaped sweet pepper in green or red or yellow or orange or black varieties; plant bearing large mild thick-walled usually bell-shaped fruits; the principal salad peppers
  • Bellflower -  any of various plants of the genus Campanula having blue or white bell-shaped flowers
  • Benedictine -  of or relating to the Benedictines; of or relating to Saint Benedict or his works;  a French liqueur originally made by Benedictine monks; a monk or nun belonging to the order founded by Saint Benedict
  • Berlin -  a limousine with a glass partition between the front and back seats; capital of Germany located in eastern Germany; United States songwriter (born in Russia) who wrote more than 1500 songs and several musical comedies (1888-1989)
  • Bernstein -  United States conductor and composer (1918-1990)
  • Beta-lactamase -  enzyme produced by certain bacteria that inactivates penicillin and results in resistance to that antibiotic
  • Beurre noisette -  clarified butter browned slowly and seasoned with vinegar or lemon juice and capers
  • Bhang -  a preparation of the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant; much used in India
  • Bialy -  flat crusty-bottomed onion roll
  • Bilingual -  using or knowing two languages;  a person who speaks two languages fluently
  • Biltong -  meat that is salted and cut into strips and dried in the sun
  • Biomass -  the total mass of living matter in a given unit area; plant materials and animal waste used as fuel
  • Biotin -  a B vitamin that aids in body growth
  • Birch beer -  carbonated drink containing an extract from bark of birch trees
  • Birdcage -  a cage in which a bird can be kept
  • Biscuit -  small round bread leavened with baking-powder or soda; any of various small flat sweet cakes (`biscuit' is the British term)
  • Bismarck -  capital of the state of North Dakota; located in south central North Dakota overlooking the Missouri river; German statesman under whose leadership Germany was united (1815-1898)
  • Bitter orange -  highly acidic orange used especially in marmalade; any of various common orange trees yielding sour or bitter fruit; used as grafting stock
  • Bitterroot -  showy succulent ground-hugging plant of Rocky Mountains regions having deep to pale pink flowers and fleshy farinaceous roots; the Montana state flower
  • Black pepper -  pepper that is ground from whole peppercorns with husks on; climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully ripe; southern India and Sri Lanka; naturalized in northern Burma and Assam
  • Black pudding -  a black sausage containing pig's blood and other ingredients
  • Blackening -  changing to a darker color
  • Blackout -  a momentary loss of consciousness; the failure of electric power for a general region; darkness resulting from the extinction of lights (as in a city invisible to enemy aircraft); a suspension of radio or tv broadcasting; partial or total loss of memory
  • Bland diet -  a diet of foods that are not irritating
  • Blending -  combining or mixing;  the act of blending components together thoroughly; a gradation involving small or imperceptible differences between grades
  • Blenheim -  the First Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene of Savoy defeated the French in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession
  • Blighia sapida -  widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions for its fragrant flowers and colorful fruits; introduced in Jamaica by William Bligh
  • Blini -  Russian pancake of buckwheat flour and yeast; usually served with caviar and sour cream
  • Blintz -  (Judaism) thin pancake folded around a filling and fried or baked
  • Bliss -  a state of extreme happiness
  • Bloater -  large fatty herring lightly salted and briefly smoked
  • Bloodhound -  a breed of large powerful hound of European origin having very acute smell and used in tracking
  • Blue Moon -  a long time
  • Bluefish -  bluish warm-water marine food and game fish that follow schools of small fishes into shallow waters; fatty bluish flesh of bluefish
  • Boat-race - verb participate in a boat race
  • Bodybuilding -  exercise that builds muscles through tension
  • Boiling -  extremely;  cooking in a liquid that has been brought to a boil; the application of heat to change something from a liquid to a gas
  • Boletus edulis -  a edible and choice fungus; has a convex cap that is slightly viscid when fresh and moist but soon dries and a thick bulbous tan stalk
  • Bolo -  long heavy knife with a single edge; of Philippine origin; a cord fastened around the neck with an ornamental clasp and worn as a necktie
  • Bologna -  large smooth-textured smoked sausage of beef and veal and pork; the capital of Emilia-Romagna; located in northern Italy east of the Apennines
  • Bone -  consisting of or made up of bone;  a shade of white the color of bleached bones; rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates; the porous calcified substance from which bones are made; verb remove the bones from; study intensively, as before an exam
  • Boomerang -  a curved piece of wood; when properly thrown will return to thrower; a miscalculation that recoils on its maker; verb return to the initial position from where it came; like a boomerang
  • Boost -  the act of giving hope or support to someone; the act of giving a push; an increase in cost; verb give a boost to; be beneficial to; increase or raise; push or shove upward, as if from below or behind; increase; contribute to the progress or growth of
  • Borage -  leaves flavor sauces and punches; young leaves eaten in salads or cooked; hairy blue-flowered European annual herb long used in herbal medicine and eaten raw as salad greens or cooked like spinach
  • Borax -  an ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent
  • Boreas -  (Greek mythology) the god who personified the north wind; a wind that blows from the north
  • Borscht -  a Russian soup usually containing beet juice as a foundation
  • Bosch -  Dutch painter (1450-1516)
  • Bottle -  a glass or plastic vessel used for storing drinks or other liquids; typically cylindrical without handles and with a narrow neck that can be plugged or capped; a vessel fitted with a flexible teat and filled with milk or formula; used as a substitute for breast feeding infants and very young children; the quantity contained in a bottle; verb put into bottles; store (liquids or gases) in bottles
  • Botulism -  food poisoning from ingesting botulin; not infectious; affects the CNS; can be fatal if not treated promptly
  • Bouillon cube -  a cube of evaporated seasoned meat extract
  • Boule -  an inlaid furniture decoration; tortoiseshell and yellow and white metal form scrolls in cabinetwork
  • Bow and arrow -  a weapon consisting of arrows and the bow to shoot them
  • Boycott -  a group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies; verb refuse to sponsor; refuse to do business with
  • Braising -  cooking slowly in fat in a closed pot with little moisture
  • Bran -  food prepared from the husks of cereal grains; broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
  • Brazil -  the largest Latin American country and the largest Portuguese speaking country in the world; located in the central and northeastern part of South America; world's leading coffee exporter; three-sided tropical American nut with white oily meat and hard brown shell
  • Bread -  food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked; informal terms for money; verb cover with bread crumbs
  • Breadfruit -  a large round seedless or seeded fruit with a texture like bread; eaten boiled or baked or roasted or ground into flour; the roasted seeds resemble chestnuts; native to Pacific islands and having edible fruit with a texture like bread
  • Breathalyzer -  a device that measures chemicals (especially the alcohol content) in a person's expired breath
  • Brest -  a port city in northwestern France (in Brittany); the chief naval station of France
  • Brewery -  a plant where beer is brewed by fermentation
  • Brewing -  the production of malt beverages (as beer or ale) from malt and hops by grinding and boiling them and fermenting the result with yeast
  • Brie -  soft creamy white cheese; milder than Camembert
  • Brioche -  a light roll rich with eggs and butter and somewhat sweet
  • Brisk -  very active; quick and energetic; imparting vitality and energy; verb become brisk
  • Brisket -  a cut of meat from the breast or lower chest especially of beef
  • Brittle -  having little elasticity; hence easily cracked or fractured or snapped; (of metal or glass) not annealed and consequently easily cracked or fractured; lacking warmth and generosity of spirit;  caramelized sugar cooled in thin sheets
  • Broccoli -  branched green undeveloped flower heads; plant with dense clusters of tight green flower buds
  • Brooklyn -  a borough of New York City
  • Brooks -  United States literary critic and historian (1886-1963)
  • Broth -  a thin soup of meat or fish or vegetable stock; liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces
  • Brown bread -  dark steamed bread made of cornmeal wheat and flour with molasses and soda and milk or water; bread made with whole wheat flour
  • Brown sugar -  unrefined or only partly refined sugar
  • Browne -  United States writer of humorous tales of an itinerant showman (1834-1867); English illustrator of several of Dickens' novels (1815-1882)
  • Browning -  English poet best remembered for love sonnets written to her husband Robert Browning (1806-1861); English poet and husband of Elizabeth Barrett Browning noted for his dramatic monologues (1812-1889); United States inventor of firearms (especially automatic pistols and repeating rifles and a machine gun called the Peacemaker) (1855-1926); cooking to a brown crispiness over a fire or on a grill
  • Browsing -  the act of feeding by continual nibbling; reading superficially or at random
  • Brunch -  combination breakfast and lunch; usually served in late morning; verb eat a meal in the late morning
  • Brussels sprout -  plant grown for its stout stalks of edible small green heads resembling diminutive cabbages
  • Budapest -  capital and largest city of Hungary; located on the Danube River in north-central Hungary
  • Buffalo wing -  crisp spicy chicken wings
  • Buffalo -  meat from an American bison; a city on Lake Erie in western New York (near Niagara Falls); any of several Old World animals resembling oxen including, e.g., water buffalo; Cape buffalo; large shaggy-haired brown bison of North American plains; verb intimidate or overawe
  • Buffet -  a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers; a meal set out on a buffet at which guests help themselves; usually inexpensive bar; verb strike, beat repeatedly; strike against forcefully
  • Bulgur -  parched crushed wheat
  • Burrito -  a flour tortilla folded around a filling
  • Burton -  a strong dark English ale; Welsh film actor who often co-starred with Elizabeth Taylor (1925-1984); English explorer who with John Speke was the first European to explore Lake Tanganyika (1821-1890)
  • Butcher block -  a thick wooden slab formed by bonding together thick laminated strips of unpainted hardwood
  • Butcher -  a person who slaughters or dresses meat for market; a brutal indiscriminate murderer; a retailer of meat; someone who makes mistakes because of incompetence; verb kill (animals) usually for food consumption
  • Butter dish -  a small dish (often with a cover) for holding butter at the table
  • Butter -  an edible emulsion of fat globules made by churning milk or cream; for cooking and table use; a fighter who strikes the opponent with his head; verb spread butter on
  • Butterfat -  the fatty substance of milk from which butter is made
  • Buttermilk -  residue from making butter from sour raw milk; or pasteurized milk curdled by adding a culture
  • Buttery -  resembling or containing or spread with butter; unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating in manner or speech;  a teashop where students in British universities can purchase light meals; a small storeroom for storing foods or wines
  • Butyric acid -  an unpleasant smelling fatty acid found especially in butter
  • Bycatch -  unwanted marine creatures that are caught in the nets while fishing for another species
  • Cabbage -  any of various types of cabbage; any of various cultivars of the genus Brassica oleracea grown for their edible leaves or flowers; informal terms for money; verb make off with belongings of others
  • Caesar -  conqueror of Gaul and master of Italy (100-44 BC); United States comedian who pioneered comedy television shows (born 1922)
  • Caff -  informal British term for a cafe
  • Cake -  a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax); made from or based on a mixture of flour and sugar and eggs; small flat mass of chopped food; verb form a coat over
  • Calamus rotang -  climbing palm of Sri Lanka and southern India remarkable for the great length of the stems which are used for malacca canes
  • Calcium sulfate -  a white salt (CaSO4)
  • Calcium -  a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • California -  a state in the western United States on the Pacific; the 3rd largest state; known for earthquakes
  • Calisthenics -  light exercises designed to promote general fitness; the practice of calisthenic exercises
  • Calumet -  a highly decorated ceremonial pipe of Amerindians; smoked on ceremonial occasions (especially as a token of peace)
  • Calvados -  dry apple brandy made in Normandy
  • Camassia -  genus of scapose herbs of North and South America having large edible bulbs
  • Camel -  cud-chewing mammal used as a draft or saddle animal in desert regions
  • Camembert -  rich soft creamy French cheese
  • Cameo -  engraving or carving in low relief on a stone (as in a brooch or ring)
  • Campbell -  United States mythologist (1904-1987)
  • Canada -  a nation in northern North America; the French were the first Europeans to settle in mainland Canada
  • Canary -  having the color of a canary; of a light to moderate yellow;  any of several small Old World finches; a female singer; a moderate yellow with a greenish tinge; someone acting as an informer or decoy for the police
  • Candelilla wax -  a hard brown wax that occurs as a coating on candelilla shrubs
  • Candied fruit -  fruit cooked in sugar syrup and encrusted with a sugar crystals
  • Candy apple -  an apple that is covered with a candy-like substance (usually caramelized sugar)
  • Candy bar -  a candy shaped as a bar
  • Canna indica -  canna grown especially for its edible rootstock from which arrowroot starch is obtained
  • Canned hunt -  a hunt for animals that have been raised on game ranches until they are mature enough to be killed for trophy collections
  • Cannelloni -  tubular pasta filled with meat or cheese
  • Cannibalism -  the practice of eating the flesh of your own kind
  • Cantaloupe -  a variety of muskmelon vine having fruit with a tan rind and orange flesh; the fruit of a cantaloup vine; small to medium-sized melon with yellowish flesh
  • Cantharellus -  a well-known genus of fungus; has funnel-shaped fruiting body; includes the chanterelles
  • Caper -  a playful leap or hop; a crime (especially a robbery); pickled flower buds used as a pungent relish in various dishes and sauces; any of numerous plants of the genus Capparis; a ludicrous or grotesque act done for fun and amusement; gay or light-hearted recreational activity for diversion or amusement; verb jump about playfully
  • Caprice -  a sudden desire
  • Carafe -  a bottle with a stopper; for serving wine or water
  • Caramel apple -  an apple that is covered with a candy-like substance (usually caramelized sugar)
  • Caravaggio -  Italian painter noted for his realistic depiction of religious subjects and his novel use of light (1573-1610)
  • Caravan -  a procession (of wagons or mules or camels) traveling together in single file; a camper equipped with living quarters; verb travel in a caravan
  • Carbohydrate -  an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
  • Cardamom -  aromatic seeds used as seasoning like cinnamon and cloves especially in pickles and barbecue sauces; rhizomatous herb of India having aromatic seeds used as seasoning
  • Carhop -  a waiter at a drive-in restaurant
  • Caribou -  arctic deer with large antlers in both sexes; called `reindeer' in Eurasia and `caribou' in North America
  • Carl Jung -  Swiss psychologist (1875-1961)
  • Carnassial -  (of a tooth) adapted for shearing flesh
  • Carnation -  pink or pinkish;  a pink or reddish-pink color; Eurasian plant with pink to purple-red spice-scented usually double flowers; widely cultivated in many varieties and many colors
  • Carnauba wax -  hard yellowish to brownish wax from leaves of the carnauba palm used especially in floor waxes and polishes
  • Carnivore -  any animal that feeds on flesh; a terrestrial or aquatic flesh-eating mammal
  • Carp -  any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae; the lean flesh of a fish that is often farmed; can be baked or braised; verb raise trivial objections
  • Carrefour -  a junction where one street or road crosses another
  • Carrot pudding -  pudding made with grated carrots
  • Carter -  someone whose work is driving carts; 39th President of the United States (1924-); Englishman and Egyptologist who in 1922 discovered and excavated the tomb of Tutankhamen (1873-1939)
  • Casein -  a milk protein used in making e.g. plastics and adhesives; a water-base paint made with a protein precipitated from milk
  • Cassareep -  flavoring made by boiling down the juice of the bitter cassava; used in West Indian cooking
  • Casserole -  large deep dish in which food can be cooked and served; food cooked and served in a casserole
  • Casting -  the choice of actors to play particular roles in a play or movie; the act of throwing a fishing line out over the water by means of a rod and reel; the act of creating something by casting it in a mold; object formed by a mold
  • Castle -  interchanging the positions of the king and a rook; a large building formerly occupied by a ruler and fortified against attack; (chess) the piece that can move any number of unoccupied squares in a direction parallel to the sides of the chessboard; a large and stately mansion; verb move the king two squares toward a rook and in the same move the rook to the square next past the king
  • Category -  a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations in a conceptual scheme; a collection of things sharing a common attribute
  • Caucasian -  of or relating to Caucasian people; of or relating to the geographical region of Caucasia;  a number of languages spoken in the Caucasus that have no known affiliations to languages spoken elsewhere; a member of the Caucasoid race
  • Cauliflower -  compact head of white undeveloped flowers; a plant having a large edible head of crowded white flower buds
  • Celery salt -  ground celery seed and salt
  • Central America -  the nations of Central America collectively; the isthmus joining North America and South America; extends from the southern border of Mexico to the northern border of Colombia
  • Central -  in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area; centrally located and easy to reach; used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place; serving as an essential component;  a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • Centrepiece -  something placed at the center of something else (as on a table); the central or most important feature
  • Centrum -  the main body of a vertebra
  • Cerberus -  (Greek mythology) the three-headed dog guarding the entrance to Hades; son of Typhon
  • Ceylon -  an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of India; a republic on the island of Ceylon; became independent of the United Kingdom in 1948
  • Chagall -  French painter (born in Russia) noted for his imagery and brilliant colors (1887-1985)
  • Chainsaw -  portable power saw; teeth linked to form an endless chain
  • Chalice -  a bowl-shaped drinking vessel; especially the Eucharistic cup
  • Challah -  (Judaism) a loaf of white bread containing eggs and leavened with yeast; often formed into braided loaves and glazed with eggs before baking
  • Champ -  someone who has won first place in a competition; verb chafe at the bit, like horses; chew noisily
  • Champagne flute -  a tall narrow wineglass
  • Champion -  holding first place in a contest;  someone who fights for a cause; someone who has won first place in a competition; someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field; a person who backs a politician or a team etc.; verb protect or fight for as a champion
  • Chanterelle -  widely distributed edible mushroom rich yellow in color with a smooth cap and a pleasant apricot aroma
  • Chapati -  flat pancake-like bread cooked on a griddle
  • Chapeau -  headdress that protects the head from bad weather; has shaped crown and usually a brim
  • Charcuterie -  a delicatessen that specializes in meats
  • Chard -  long succulent whitish stalks with large green leaves; beet lacking swollen root; grown as a vegetable for its edible leaves and stalks
  • Chase -  United States politician and jurist who served as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1808-1873); the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture; verb cut a groove into; go after with the intent to catch; pursue someone sexually or romantically; cut a furrow into a columns
  • Cheddar -  hard smooth-textured cheese; originally made in Cheddar in southwestern England; a village in southwestern England where cheddar cheese was first made
  • Cheese spread -  spread made of cheese mixed with butter or cream or cream cheese and seasonings
  • Cheese -  a solid food prepared from the pressed curd of milk; erect or decumbent Old World perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in United States; verb wind onto a cheese; used in the imperative (get away, or stop it)
  • Cheeseburger -  a hamburger with melted cheese on it
  • Cheesecake -  a photograph of an attractive woman in minimal attire; made with sweetened cream cheese and eggs and cream baked in a crumb crust
  • Chef -  a professional cook
  • Chestnut -  (of hair) of a golden brown to reddish brown color;  a dark golden-brown or reddish-brown horse; a small horny callus on the inner surface of a horse's leg; edible nut of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea; any of several attractive deciduous trees yellow-brown in autumn; yield a hard wood and edible nuts in a prickly bur; wood of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea
  • Chevron -  an inverted V-shaped charge; V-shaped sleeve badge indicating military rank and service
  • Chew the fat - verb talk socially without exchanging too much information
  • Chicha -  an oriental tobacco pipe with a long flexible tube connected to a container where the smoke is cooled by passing through water
  • Chicken Kiev -  pounded chicken cutlets rolled around butter (that has been seasoned with herbs) and then covered with crumbs and fried
  • Chicken salad -  salad composed primarily of chopped chicken meat
  • Chicken -  easily frightened;  a domestic fowl bred for flesh or eggs; believed to have been developed from the red jungle fowl; a foolhardy competition; a dangerous activity that is continued until one competitor becomes afraid and stops; the flesh of a chicken used for food; a person who lacks confidence, is irresolute and wishy-washy
  • Chickpea -  large white roundish Asiatic legume; usually dried; Asiatic herb cultivated for its short pods with one or two edible seeds; the seed of the chickpea plant
  • Chicory -  crisp spiky leaves with somewhat bitter taste; root of the chicory plant roasted and ground to substitute for or adulterate coffee; perennial Old World herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads; the dried root of the chicory plant: used as a coffee substitute
  • Child -  a young person of either sex; a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age; an immature childish person; a member of a clan or tribe
  • China -  high quality porcelain originally made only in China; a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia; the most populous country in the world; dishware made of high quality porcelain; a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the communists led by Mao Zedong
  • Chinese yam -  hardy Chinese vine naturalized in United States and cultivated as an ornamental climber for its glossy heart-shaped cinnamon-scented leaves and in the tropics for its edible tubers
  • Chinese -  of or pertaining to China or its peoples or cultures; of or relating to or characteristic of the island republic on Taiwan or its residents or their language;  any of the Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in China; regarded as dialects of a single language (even though they are mutually unintelligible) because they share an ideographic writing system; a native or inhabitant of Communist China or of Nationalist China
  • Chipolata -  a small thin sausage
  • Chiropractic -  a method of treatment that manipulates body structures (especially the spine) to relieve low back pain or even headache or high blood pressure
  • Chlorella -  any alga of the genus Chlorella
  • Chocolate bar -  a bar of chocolate candy
  • Chocolate milk -  milk flavored with chocolate syrup
  • Chocolate -  a medium brown to dark-brown color; a food made from roasted ground cacao beans; a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • Cholera -  an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  • Cholesterol -  an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues
  • Choline -  a B-complex vitamin that is a constituent of lecithin; essential in the metabolism of fat
  • Chop Suey -  meat or fish stir-fried with vegetables (e.g., celery, onions, peppers or bean sprouts) seasoned with ginger and garlic and soy sauce; served with rice; created in the United States and frequently served in Chinese restaurants there
  • Chopped -  prepared by cutting
  • Chorizo -  a spicy Spanish pork sausage
  • Chromium -  a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • Chuck -  a holding device consisting of adjustable jaws that center a workpiece in a lathe or center a tool in a drill; the part of a forequarter from the neck to the ribs and including the shoulder blade; informal terms for a meal; verb pat or squeeze fondly or playfully, especially under the chin; throw carelessly; throw away; eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • Chutney -  chopped fruits or green tomatoes cooked in vinegar and sugar with ginger and spices
  • Cider -  a beverage made from juice pressed from apples
  • Cinnamon -  spice from the dried aromatic bark of the Ceylon cinnamon tree; used as rolled strips or ground; tropical Asian tree with aromatic yellowish-brown bark; source of the spice cinnamon; aromatic bark used as a spice
  • Cirio -  candlewood of Mexico and southwestern California having tall columnar stems and bearing honey-scented creamy yellow flowers
  • Cis -  an alliance made up of states that had been Soviet Socialist Republics in the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution in Dec 1991
  • Citrullus -  a dicot genus of the family Cucurbitaceae including watermelons
  • Citrus -  any of numerous fruits of the genus Citrus having thick rind and juicy pulp; grown in warm regions; any of numerous tropical usually thorny evergreen trees of the genus Citrus having leathery evergreen leaves and widely cultivated for their juicy edible fruits having leathery aromatic rinds
  • Clabber -  raw milk that has soured and thickened; verb turn into curds
  • Clam dip -  a dip made of clams and soft cream cheese
  • Clambake -  a cookout at the seashore where clams and fish and other foods are cooked--usually on heated stones covered with seaweed
  • Class -  elegance in dress or behavior; people having the same social or economic status; a collection of things sharing a common attribute; (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more orders; a body of students who are taught together; a body of students who graduate together; a league ranked by quality; education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings; verb arrange or order by classes or categories
  • Classic -  characteristic of the classical artistic and literary traditions; adhering to established standards and principles;  a creation of the highest excellence; an artist who has created classic works
  • Cleaning -  the act of making something clean
  • Climate -  the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time; the prevailing psychological state
  • Clitocybe nuda -  edible agaric that is pale lilac when young; has a smooth moist cap
  • Cloche -  a woman's close-fitting hat that resembles a helmet; a low transparent cover put over young plants to protect them from cold
  • Clotted cream -  thick cream made from scalded milk
  • Clover -  a plant of the genus Trifolium
  • Clubbing -  a condition in which the ends of toes and fingers become wide and thick; a symptom of heart or lung disease
  • Coal oil -  a flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters
  • Cobalt -  a hard ferromagnetic silver-white bivalent or trivalent metallic element; a trace element in plant and animal nutrition
  • Cobbler -  tall sweetened iced drink of wine or liquor with fruit; a person who makes or repairs shoes; made of fruit with rich biscuit dough usually only on top of the fruit
  • Coca Cola -  Coca Cola is a trademarked cola
  • Cocaine -  a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
  • Cochineal -  a red dyestuff consisting of dried bodies of female cochineal insects; Mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacti; the source of a red dye
  • Cockle -  common edible European bivalve mollusk having a rounded shell with radiating ribs; common edible European bivalve; verb to gather something into small wrinkles or folds; stir up (water) so as to form ripples
  • Cocktail dress -  a dress suitable for formal occasions
  • Cocktail party -  an afternoon party at which cocktails are served
  • Cocktail sauce -  usually catsup with horseradish and lemon juice
  • Coconut water -  clear to whitish fluid from within a fresh coconut
  • Cod liver oil -  an oil obtained from the livers of cod and similar fishes; taken orally as a source of vitamins A and D
  • Coffee bean -  a seed of the coffee tree; ground to make coffee
  • Coffee cake -  a cake or sweet bread usually served with coffee
  • Coffee cup -  a cup from which coffee is drunk
  • Coffee filter -  filter (usually of paper) that passes the coffee and retains the coffee grounds
  • Coffeehouse -  a small restaurant where drinks and snacks are sold
  • Cola -  carbonated drink flavored with extract from Kola nuts (`dope' is a southernism in the United States); large genus of African trees bearing kola nuts
  • Coleslaw -  basically shredded cabbage
  • Collation -  careful examination and comparison to note points of disagreement; assembling in proper numerical or logical sequence; a light informal meal
  • Colonization -  the act of colonizing; the establishment of colonies
  • Colostrum -  milky fluid secreted for the first day or two after parturition
  • Comfit -  candy containing a fruit or nut; verb make into a confection
  • Comfort food -  food that is simply prepared and gives a sense of wellbeing; typically food with a high sugar or carbohydrate content that is associated with childhood or with home cooking
  • Commons -  a pasture subject to common use; class composed of persons lacking noble or knightly or gentle rank; a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
  • Communism -  a political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society; a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
  • Compost -  a mixture of decaying vegetation and manure; used as a fertilizer; verb convert to compost
  • Compote -  dessert of stewed or baked fruit
  • Concha -  (anatomy) a structure that resembles a shell in shape
  • Condiment -  a preparation (a sauce or relish or spice) to enhance flavor or enjoyment
  • Conduction -  the transmission of heat or electricity or sound
  • Confectionery -  the occupation and skills of a confectioner; a confectioner's shop; candy and other sweets considered collectively
  • Confession -  (Roman Catholic Church) the act of a penitent disclosing his sinfulness before a priest in the sacrament of penance in the hope of absolution; a written document acknowledging an offense and signed by the guilty party; a document that spells out the belief system of a given church (especially the Reformation churches of the 16th century); a public declaration of your faith; an admission of misdeeds or faults
  • Confit -  a piece of meat (especially a duck) cooked slowly in its own fat
  • Conservation -  the preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources; (physics) the maintenance of a certain quantities unchanged during chemical reactions or physical transformations; an occurrence of improvement by virtue of preventing loss or injury or other change
  • Constriction -  the action or process of compressing; a tight feeling in some part of the body; tight or narrow compression; a narrowing that reduces the flow through a channel
  • Consumer -  a person who uses goods or services
  • Contamination -  the act of contaminating or polluting; including (either intentionally or accidentally) unwanted substances or factors; the state of being contaminated; a substance that contaminates
  • Continental -  being or concerning or limited to a continent especially the continents of North America or Europe; of or relating to or characteristic of a continent; of or pertaining to or typical of Europe; of or relating to or concerning the American colonies during and immediately after the American Revolutionary War
  • Convection -  the transfer of heat through a fluid (liquid or gas) caused by molecular motion; (meteorology) the vertical movement of heat or other properties by massive motion within the atmosphere
  • Convenient -  easy to reach; suited to your comfort or purpose or needs; large and roomy (`convenient' is archaic in this sense)
  • Convention -  the act of convening; something regarded as a normative example; (diplomacy) an international agreement; a large formal assembly; orthodoxy as a consequence of being conventional
  • Cook -  someone who cooks food; English navigator who claimed the east coast of Australia for Britain and discovered several Pacific islands (1728-1779); verb transform and make suitable for consumption by heating; transform by heating; prepare for eating by applying heat; prepare a hot meal; fake or falsify
  • Cookbook -  a book of recipes and cooking directions
  • Cooke -  United States financier who marketed Union bonds to finance the American Civil War; the failure of his bank resulted in a financial panic in 1873 (1821-1905); United States journalist (born in England in 1908)
  • Cookie jar -  a jar in which cookies are kept (and sometimes money is hidden)
  • Cookie -  a short line of text that a web site puts on your computer's hard drive when you access the web site; any of various small flat sweet cakes (`biscuit' is the British term); the cook on a ranch or at a camp
  • Cooking apple -  an apple used primarily in cooking for pies and applesauce etc
  • Cooking -  the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat
  • Cooler -  a refrigerator for cooling liquids; a cell for violent prisoners; an iced drink especially white wine and fruit juice
  • Copenhagen -  the capital and largest city of Denmark; located on the island of Zealand
  • Copra -  the dried meat of the coconut from which oil is extracted
  • Coprophagia -  eating feces; in human a symptom of some kinds of insanity
  • Corchorus -  widely distributed genus of tropical herbs or subshrubs; especially Asia; any of various plants of the genus Corchorus having large leaves and cymose clusters of yellow flowers; a source of jute
  • Cordial -  sincerely or intensely felt; showing warm and heartfelt friendliness; diffusing warmth and friendliness;  strong highly flavored sweet liquor usually drunk after a meal
  • Cordon bleu -  a chef famous for his great skill; an honor or award gained for excellence
  • Corn chip -  thin piece of cornmeal dough fried
  • Corn fritter -  fritter containing corn or corn kernels
  • Corn smut -  a smut fungus attacking Indian corn
  • Cornbread -  bread made primarily of cornmeal
  • Corned beef -  beef cured or pickled in brine
  • Cornucopia -  the property of being extremely abundant; a goat's horn filled with grain and flowers and fruit symbolizing prosperity
  • Cornwall -  a hilly county in southwestern England
  • Corona -  a long cigar with blunt ends; (anatomy) any structure that resembles a crown in shape; one or more circles of light seen around a luminous object; (botany) the trumpet-shaped or cup-shaped outgrowth of the corolla of a daffodil or narcissus flower; the outermost region of the sun's atmosphere; visible as a white halo during a solar eclipse; an electrical discharge accompanied by ionization of surrounding atmosphere
  • Corporate -  organized and maintained as a legal corporation; done by or characteristic of individuals acting together; of or belonging to a corporation; possessing or existing in bodily form
  • Corsica -  a region of France on the island of Corsica; birthplace of Napoleon Bonaparte; an island in the Mediterranean; with adjacent islets it constitutes a region of France
  • Cortland -  large apple with a red skin
  • Cosmopolitan -  of worldwide scope or applicability; composed of people from or at home in many parts of the world; especially not provincial in attitudes or interests; growing or occurring in many parts of the world;  a sophisticated person who has travelled in many countries
  • Costermonger -  a hawker of fruit and vegetables from a barrow
  • Cottage cheese -  mild white cheese made from curds of soured skim milk
  • Cotton candy -  a candy made by spinning sugar that has been boiled to a high temperature
  • Count -  the act of counting; a nobleman (in various countries) having rank equal to a British earl; the total number counted; verb include as if by counting; have faith or confidence in; name or recite the numbers; determine the number or amount of; have weight; have import, carry weight; put into a group; take account of; show consideration for; take into account
  • Country Store -  a retail store serving a sparsely populated region; usually stocked with a wide variety of merchandise
  • Country -  the territory occupied by a nation; an area outside of cities and towns; the people who live in a nation or country; a politically organized body of people under a single government; a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography)
  • Coursing -  hunting with dogs (usually greyhounds) that are trained to chase game (such as hares) by sight instead of by scent
  • Couscous -  a pasta made in northern Africa of crushed and steamed semolina; a spicy dish that originated in northern Africa; consists of pasta steamed with a meat and vegetable stew
  • Cover charge -  a fixed charge by a restaurant or night club over and above the charge for food and drink
  • Cowpea -  sprawling Old World annual cultivated especially in southern United States for food and forage and green manure; fruit or seed of the cowpea plant; eaten fresh as shell beans or dried
  • Crackers -  informal or slang terms for mentally irregular
  • Cracklings -  the crisp residue left after lard has been rendered
  • Cramp -  a strip of metal with ends bent at right angles; used to hold masonry together; a clamp for holding pieces of wood together while they are glued; a painful and involuntary muscular contraction; verb secure with a cramp; prevent the progress or free movement of
  • Cran -  a capacity unit used for measuring fresh herring
  • Crane -  large long-necked wading bird of marshes and plains in many parts of the world; lifts and moves heavy objects; lifting tackle is suspended from a pivoted boom that rotates around a vertical axis; United States poet (1899-1932); United States writer (1871-1900); a small constellation in the southern hemisphere near Phoenix; verb stretch (the neck) so as to see better
  • Crataegus -  thorny shrubs and small trees: hawthorn; thorn; thorn apple
  • Crawfish -  large edible marine crustacean having a spiny carapace but lacking the large pincers of true lobsters; small freshwater decapod crustacean that resembles a lobster; tiny lobster-like crustaceans usually boiled briefly; verb make a retreat from an earlier commitment or activity
  • Crawford -  United States film actress (1908-1977); United States neoclassical sculptor (1814-1857)
  • Cream cheese -  soft unripened cheese made of sweet milk and cream
  • Creamery -  a workplace where dairy products (butter and cheese etc.) are produced or sold
  • Creatine -  an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates both in the free form and as phosphocreatine; supplies energy for muscle contraction
  • Cretan -  a native or inhabitant of Crete
  • Cricket -  a game played with a ball and bat by two teams of 11 players; teams take turns trying to score runs; leaping insect; male makes chirping noises by rubbing the forewings together; verb play cricket
  • Crimson -  characterized by violence or bloodshed; (especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion; of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies;  a deep and vivid red color; verb turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame
  • Crispiness -  firm but easily broken
  • Criticism -  a serious examination and judgment of something; a written evaluation of a work of literature; disapproval expressed by pointing out faults or shortcomings
  • Croatian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Croatia or its people or language;  a member of the Slavic people living in Croatia
  • Croissant -  very rich flaky crescent-shaped roll
  • Croquette -  minced cooked meats (or vegetables) in thick white sauce; breaded and deep-fried
  • Crosse -  a long racket with a triangular frame; used in playing lacrosse
  • Crouton -  a small piece of toasted or fried bread; served in soup or salads
  • Cruet-stand -  a stand for cruets containing various condiments
  • Cruet -  bottle that holds wine or oil or vinegar for the table
  • Cruiserweight -  a professional boxer who weighs between 169 and 175 pounds
  • Crumb cake -  cake or coffeecake topped with a mixture of sugar and butter and flour
  • Crumble - verb break or fall apart into fragments; fall apart; fall into decay or ruin
  • Crumpet -  raised muffin cooked on a griddle
  • Crunch -  the sound of something crunching; a critical situation that arises because of a shortage (as a shortage of time or money or resources); the act of crushing; verb make crunching noises; chew noisily; press or grind with a crunching noise; reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading
  • Crust -  the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take liberties; the outer layer of the Earth; a hard outer layer that covers something; verb form a crust or form into a crust
  • Cuba -  the largest island in the West Indies; a communist state in the Caribbean on the island of Cuba
  • Cucumis -  cucumbers; muskmelons
  • Cuisine -  the practice or manner of preparing food or the food so prepared
  • Cultivator -  a farm implement used to break up the surface of the soil (for aeration and weed control and conservation of moisture); someone concerned with the science or art or business of cultivating the soil
  • Cumin -  aromatic seeds of the cumin herb of the carrot family; dwarf Mediterranean annual long cultivated for its aromatic seeds
  • Curd -  coagulated milk; used to made cheese; a coagulated liquid resembling milk curd
  • Curdling -  turning into a solid mass;  the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • Curing -  the process of becoming hard or solid by cooling or drying or crystallization
  • Current -  occurring in or belonging to the present time;  a steady flow (usually from natural causes); a flow of electricity through a conductor; dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas
  • Curry -  (East Indian cookery) a pungent dish of vegetables or meats flavored with curry powder and usually eaten with rice; verb treat by incorporating fat; season with a mixture of spices; typical of Indian cooking; give a neat appearance to
  • Custard -  sweetened mixture of milk and eggs baked or boiled or frozen
  • Cutlet -  thin slice of meat (especially veal) usually fried or broiled
  • Cyanocobalamin -  a B vitamin that is used to treat pernicious anemia
  • Cycling -  the sport of traveling on a bicycle or motorcycle
  • Cydonia -  quince
  • Cysteine -  an amino acid containing sulfur that is found in most proteins; oxidizes on exposure to air to form cystine
  • Da Vinci -  Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect; the most versatile genius of the Italian Renaissance (1452-1519)
  • Daiquiri -  a cocktail made with rum and lime or lemon juice
  • Dairy product -  milk and butter and cheese
  • Dairy -  a farm where dairy products are produced
  • Danger zone -  a dangerous area
  • Daniel -  an Old Testament book that tells of the apocalyptic visions and the experiences of Daniel in the court of Nebuchadnezzar; a wise and upright judge; (Old Testament) a youth who was taken into the court of Nebuchadnezzar and given divine protection when thrown into a den of lions (6th century BC)
  • Dart -  a tapered tuck made in dressmaking; a small narrow pointed missile that is thrown or shot; a sudden quick movement; verb move with sudden speed; run or move very quickly or hastily; move along rapidly and lightly; skim or dart
  • Darts -  a game in which small pointed missiles are thrown at a dartboard
  • Day by Day -  gradually and progressively
  • Decoction -  (pharmacology) the extraction by boiling of water-soluble drug substances
  • Decoy -  a beguiler who leads someone into danger (usually as part of a plot); something used to lure victims into danger; verb lure or entrap with or as if with a decoy
  • Deeds -  performance of moral or religious acts
  • Defunct -  having ceased to exist or live; no longer in force or use; inactive
  • Degustation -  taking a small amount into the mouth to test its quality
  • Dehydration -  the process of extracting moisture; depletion of bodily fluids; dryness resulting from the removal of water
  • Deimos -  the outer of two small satellites of Mars
  • Delicacy -  subtly skillful handling of a situation; smallness of stature; refined taste; tact; lightness in movement or manner; the quality of being beautiful and delicate in appearance; lack of physical strength; something considered choice to eat
  • Delicatessen -  a shop selling ready-to-eat food products; ready-to-eat food products
  • Delivery -  the act of delivering a child; the act of delivering or distributing something (as goods or mail); the voluntary transfer of something (title or possession) from one party to another; the event of giving birth; recovery or preservation from loss or danger; (baseball) the act of throwing a baseball by a pitcher to a batter; your characteristic style or manner of expressing yourself orally
  • Demitasse -  small coffee cup; for serving black coffee; small cup of strong black coffee without milk or cream
  • Derby -  a felt hat that is round and hard with a narrow brim
  • Detonator -  a mechanical or electrical explosive device or a small amount of explosive; can be used to initiate the reaction of a disrupting explosive
  • Detoxification -  treatment for poisoning by neutralizing the toxic properties (normally a function of the liver); a treatment for addiction to drugs or alcohol intended to remove the physiological effects of the addictive substances
  • Deviled egg -  halved hard-cooked egg with the yolk mashed with mayonnaise and seasonings and returned to the white
  • Dextrin -  any of various polysaccharides obtained by hydrolysis of starch; a tasteless and odorless gummy substance that is used as a thickening agent and in adhesives and in dietary supplements
  • Diabetic diet -  a diet designed to help control the symptoms of diabetes
  • Diana -  (Roman mythology) virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon; counterpart of Greek Artemis; English aristocrat who was the first wife of Prince Charles; her death in an automobile accident in Paris produced intense national mourning (1961-1997)
  • Dibber -  a wooden hand tool with a pointed end; used to make holes in the ground for planting seeds or bulbs
  • Dichotomy -  being twofold; a classification into two opposed parts or subclasses
  • Dictyoptera -  in some classifications replaced by the orders (here suborders) Blattodea (cockroaches) and Manteodea (mantids); in former classifications often subsumed under a much broader order Orthoptera
  • Diet -  the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods); the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal); a prescribed selection of foods; a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan); verb eat sparingly, for health reasons or to lose weight; follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons
  • Dieting -  the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods)
  • Dill -  aromatic threadlike foliage of the dill plant used as seasoning; aromatic Old World herb having aromatic threadlike foliage and seeds used as seasoning
  • Dim sum -  traditional Chinese cuisine; a variety of foods (including several kinds of steamed or fried dumplings) are served successively in small portions
  • Diner -  a restaurant that resembles a dining car; a person eating a meal (especially in a restaurant); a passenger car where food is served in transit
  • Dinner -  the main meal of the day served in the evening or at midday; a party of people assembled to have dinner together
  • Dippel's oil -  dark-colored ill-smelling oil obtained by carbonizing bone; used especially in sheep dips and in denaturing alcohol
  • Dipsomania -  an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
  • Directive -  showing the way by conducting or leading; imposing direction on;  a procement encouraging or banning some activity
  • Discovery -  the act of discovering something; a productive insight; something that is discovered; (law) compulsory pretrial disclosure of documents relevant to a case; enables one side in a litigation to elicit information from the other side concerning the facts in the case
  • Divinity -  the quality of being divine; white creamy fudge made with egg whites; the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth; any supernatural being worshipped as controlling some part of the world or some aspect of life or who is the personification of a force
  • Doily -  a small round piece of linen place under a dish or bowl
  • Dominion -  one of the self-governing nations in the British Commonwealth; dominance or power through legal authority; a region marked off for administrative or other purposes
  • Donald Duck -  a fictional duck created in animated film strips by Walt Disney
  • Doughnut -  a small ring-shaped friedcake; a toroidal shape
  • Drama -  the quality of being arresting or highly emotional; the literary genre of works intended for the theater; an episode that is turbulent or highly emotional; a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage
  • Dream -  a state of mind characterized by abstraction and release from reality; a series of mental images and emotions occurring during sleep; imaginative thoughts indulged in while awake; someone or something wonderful; a fantastic but vain hope (from fantasies induced by the opium pipe); a cherished desire; verb have a daydream; indulge in a fantasy; experience while sleeping
  • Dried fruit -  fruit preserved by drying
  • Drifter -  a wanderer who has no established residence or visible means of support
  • Drink -  the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess; a single serving of a beverage; any large deep body of water; the act of swallowing; any liquid suitable for drinking; verb take in liquids; consume alcohol; drink excessive amounts of alcohol; be an alcoholic; be fascinated or spell-bound by; pay close attention to; propose a toast to
  • Drinking song -  a song celebrating the joys of drinking; sung at drinking parties
  • Drinking straw -  a thin paper or plastic tube used to such liquids into the mouth
  • Drinking water -  water suitable for drinking
  • Drinking -  the act of consuming liquids; the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess
  • Dropline -  a headline with the top line flush left and succeeding lines indented to the right
  • Drug -  a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic; verb administer a drug to; use recreational drugs
  • Drying oil -  an oil that hardens in air due to oxidation and is often used as a paint or varnish base
  • Dryness -  the condition of not containing or being covered by a liquid (especially water); objectivity and detachment; moderation in or abstinence from alcohol or other drugs
  • Duck sauce -  a thick sweet and pungent Chinese condiment
  • East -  situated in or facing or moving toward the east;  to, toward, or in the east;  the countries of Asia; the region of the United States lying north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River; the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees
  • Easter egg -  a colored hard-boiled egg used to celebrate Easter; an egg-shaped candy used to celebrate Easter
  • Eastern -  lying toward or situated in the east; relating to or characteristic of regions of eastern parts of the world; of or characteristic of eastern regions of the United States; from the east; used especially of winds; lying in or toward the east
  • Eating -  the act of consuming food
  • Echinacea -  small genus of North American coarse perennial herbs
  • Edger -  garden tool for cutting grass around the edges of a yard; a person who puts finishing edges on a garment
  • Edwards -  American theologian whose sermons and writings stimulated a period of renewed interest in religion in America (1703-1758)
  • Effectiveness -  power to be effective; the quality of being able to bring about an effect; capacity to produce strong physiological or chemical effects
  • Egg cream -  made of milk and flavored syrup with soda water
  • Egg roll -  minced vegetables and meat wrapped in a pancake and fried
  • Egghead -  an intellectual; a very studious and academic person
  • Eggnog -  a punch made of sweetened milk or cream mixed with eggs and usually alcoholic liquor
  • Eggplant -  egg-shaped vegetable having a shiny skin typically dark purple but occasionally white or yellow; hairy upright herb native to southeastern Asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable
  • Eleven -  being one more than ten;  the cardinal number that is the sum of ten and one; a team that plays football
  • Empire -  an eating apple that somewhat resembles a McIntosh; used as both an eating and a cooking apple; a group of countries under a single authority; a monarchy with an emperor as head of state; the domain ruled by an emperor or empress; the region over which imperial dominion is exercised; a group of diverse companies under common ownership and run as a single organization
  • Enchilada -  tortilla with meat filling baked in tomato sauce seasoned with chili
  • England -  a division of the United Kingdom
  • Engraulidae -  anchovies
  • Engraulis -  type genus of the family Engraulidae
  • Ensure - verb be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; make certain of
  • Enterprise -  a purposeful or industrious undertaking (especially one that requires effort or boldness); readiness to embark on bold new ventures; an organization created for business ventures
  • Envy -  spite and resentment at seeing the success of another (personified as one of the deadly sins); a feeling of grudging admiration and desire to have something that is possessed by another; verb be envious of; set one's heart on; feel envious towards; admire enviously
  • Eosinophilia -  a symptom of allergic states; increased eosinophils in the blood
  • Epergne -  a large table centerpiece with branching holders for fruit or sweets or flowers
  • Ephedra -  jointed and nearly leafless desert shrub having reduced scalelike leaves and reddish fleshy seeds
  • Equipment -  an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service
  • Equivalence -  essential equality and interchangeability; qualities that are comparable; a state of being essentially equal or equivalent; equally balanced
  • Ergosterol -  a plant sterol that is converted into vitamin D by ultraviolet radiation
  • Espresso -  strong black coffee brewed by forcing hot water under pressure through finely ground coffee beans
  • Ethiopian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Ethiopia or its people or languages;  a native or inhabitant of Ethiopia
  • Ethyl acetate -  a fragrant colorless flammable volatile liquid ester made from ethanol and acetic acid; used in flavorings and perfumes and as a solvent for plastics
  • Eucalyptus oil -  an essential oil obtained from the leaves of eucalypts
  • Eucharist -  a Christian sacrament commemorating the Last Supper by consecrating bread and wine
  • Eureka -  a town in northwest California on an arm of the Pacific Ocean; an alloy of copper and nickel with high electrical resistance and a low temperature coefficient; used as resistance wire
  • Europe -  the nations of the European continent collectively; the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles; an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
  • European -  of or relating to or characteristic of Europe or the people of Europe;  a native or inhabitant of Europe
  • Everlasting -  without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers; continuing forever or indefinitely;  any of various plants of various genera of the family Compositae having flowers that can be dried without loss of form or color
  • Exact -  marked by strict and particular and complete accordance with fact; (of ideas, images, representations, expressions) characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth ; strictly correct; verb take as an undesirable consequence of some event or state of affairs; claim as due or just
  • Excelsior -  thin curly wood shavings used for packing or stuffing
  • Exercise -  the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit; a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding; systematic training by multiple repetitions; (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches; the act of using; verb do physical exercise; give a workout to; learn by repetition; put to use; carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
  • Exploration -  to travel for the purpose of discovery; a careful systematic search; a systematic consideration
  • Export -  commodities (goods or services) sold to a foreign country; verb cause to spread in another part of the world; sell or transfer abroad
  • Extant -  still in existence; not extinct or destroyed or lost
  • Extrusion -  squeezing out by applying pressure; something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings
  • Eyes -  opinion or judgment
  • Facial nerve -  cranial nerve that supplies facial muscles
  • Fad diet -  a reducing diet that enjoys temporary popularity
  • Fair trade -  trade that is conducted legally
  • Falafel -  small croquette of mashed chick peas or fava beans seasoned with sesame seeds
  • Famine -  a severe shortage of food (as through crop failure) resulting in violent hunger and starvation and death; an acute insufficiency
  • Fanfare -  (music) a short lively tune played on brass instruments; a gaudy outward display
  • Farina -  fine meal made from cereal grain especially wheat; often used as a cooked cereal or in puddings
  • Farm Boy -  a boy who has grown up on a farm
  • Fast Day -  a day designated for fasting
  • Fast food -  inexpensive food (hamburgers or chicken or milkshakes) prepared and served quickly
  • Fasting -  abstaining from food
  • Fatty acid -  any of a class of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids that form part of a lipid molecule and can be derived from fat by hydrolysis; fatty acids are simple molecules built around a series of carbon atoms linked together in a chain of 12 to 22 carbon atoms
  • Featherweight -  a professional boxer who weighs between 123 and 126 pounds; weighs 126-139 pounds; an amateur boxer who weighs no more than 126 pounds
  • Feedlot -  a building where livestock are fattened for market
  • Feist -  a nervous belligerent little mongrel dog
  • Fermenting -  a process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances; especially, the anaerobic breakdown of sugar into alcohol
  • Fiction -  a literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact; a deliberately false or improbable account
  • Fiddle-Faddle -  trivial nonsense
  • Field pea -  coarse small-seeded pea often used as food when young and tender; variety of pea plant native to the Mediterranean region and North Africa and widely grown especially for forage; seed of the field pea plant
  • Field trial -  a test of young hunting dogs to determine their skill in pointing and retrieving; a test of the performance of some new product under the conditions in which it will be used; a contest between gun dogs to determine their proficiency in pointing and retrieving
  • Fields -  United States comedian and film actor (1880-1946)
  • Fiesta -  an elaborate party (often outdoors)
  • Filet mignon -  small steak cut from the thick end of a beef tenderloin
  • Fillet -  fastener consisting of a narrow strip of welded metal used to join steel members; a longitudinal slice or boned side of a fish; a boneless steak cut from the tenderloin of beef; a narrow headband or strip of ribbon worn as a headband; a bundle of sensory nerve fibers going to the thalamus; verb cut into filets; decorate with a lace of geometric designs
  • Finger bowl -  small bowl for rinsing the fingers at table
  • Finger food -  food to be eaten with the fingers
  • Fish and chips -  fried fish and french-fried potatoes
  • Fish ball -  a fried ball or patty of flaked fish and mashed potatoes; well-seasoned balls of ground fish and eggs and crushed crumbs simmered in fish stock
  • Fish finger -  a long fillet of fish breaded and fried
  • Fish fry -  a cookout where fried fish is the main course
  • Fish ladder -  a series of ascending pools providing a passage for salmon to swim upstream past a dam
  • Fish meal -  ground dried fish used as fertilizer and as feed for domestic livestock
  • Fish oil -  a fatty oil obtained from the livers of various fish
  • Fish -  any of various mostly cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills; the flesh of fish used as food; the twelfth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about February 19 to March 20; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Pisces; verb catch or try to catch fish or shellfish; seek indirectly
  • Fisherman -  someone whose occupation is catching fish
  • Fishery -  a workplace where fish are caught and processed and sold
  • Fishing -  the act of someone who fishes as a diversion; the occupation of catching fish for a living
  • Fishmonger -  someone who sells fish
  • Fishwife -  someone who sells fish
  • Flamenco -  a style of dancing characteristic of the Andalusian Gypsies; vigorous and rhythmic with clapping and stamping of feet; guitar music composed for dancing the flamenco
  • Flank -  the side between ribs and hipbone; a cut from the fleshy part of an animal's side between the ribs and the leg; the side of military or naval formation; a subfigure consisting of a side of something; verb be located at the sides of something or somebody
  • Flavor -  (physics) the six kinds of quarks; the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth; the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people; verb lend flavor to
  • Fleer -  contempt expressed by mockery in looks or words; someone who flees from an uncongenial situation; verb to smirk contemptuously
  • Flesh Fly -  fly whose larvae feed on carrion or the flesh of living animals
  • Flour -  fine powdery foodstuff obtained by grinding and sifting the meal of a cereal grain; verb convert grain into flour; cover with flour
  • Fluorine -  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • Fly casting -  casting an artificial fly as a lure
  • Fly-fishing -  angling with an artificial fly as a lure
  • Flyweight -  an amateur boxer who weighs no more than 112 pounds; weighs no more than 115 pounds
  • Foam -  a mass of small bubbles formed in or on a liquid; a lightweight material in cellular form; made by introducing gas bubbles during manufacture; verb form bubbles
  • Foie gras -  a pate made from goose liver (marinated in Cognac) and truffles
  • Folic acid -  a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
  • Fond -  (followed by `of' or `to') having a strong preference or liking for; absurd or silly because unlikely; extravagantly or foolishly loving and indulgent; having or displaying warmth or affection
  • Fondue -  hot cheese or chocolate melted to the consistency of a sauce into which bread or fruits are dipped; cubes of meat or seafood cooked in hot oil and then dipped in any of various sauces
  • Food additive -  an additive to food intended to improve its flavor or appearance or shelf-life
  • Food allergy -  allergic reaction to a substance ingested in food
  • Food bank -  a place where food is contributed and made available to those in need
  • Food coloring -  a digestible substance used to give color to food
  • Food processor -  a kitchen appliance with interchangeable blades; used for shredding or blending or chopping or slicing food
  • Food pyramid -  (ecology) a hierarchy of food chains with the principal predator at the top; each level preys on the level below
  • Food waste -  food that is discarded (as from a kitchen)
  • Food -  any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue; anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking; any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
  • Foodie -  a person devoted to refined sensuous enjoyment (especially good food and drink)
  • Foraging -  the act of searching for food and provisions
  • Forcemeat -  mixture of ground raw chicken and mushrooms with pistachios and truffles and onions and parsley and lots of butter and bound with eggs
  • Foreleg -  the front limb of a quadruped
  • Forestry -  the science of planting and caring for forests and the management of growing timber
  • Former -  referring to the first of two things or persons mentioned (or the earlier one or ones of several); (used especially of persons) of the immediate past; belonging to the distant past; belonging to some prior time;  the first of two or the first mentioned of two
  • Fortune cookie -  thin folded wafer containing a maxim on a slip of paper
  • Fox hunting -  mounted hunters follow hounds in pursuit of a fox
  • Foxhound -  medium-sized glossy-coated hounds developed for hunting foxes
  • France -  a republic in western Europe; the largest country wholly in Europe; French writer of sophisticated novels and short stories (1844-1924)
  • Frangipane -  pastry with a creamy almond-flavored filling
  • Frank Cooper -  United States film actor noted for his portrayals of strong silent heroes (1901-1961)
  • Free lunch -  something acquired without effort or payment or obligation
  • Freeze-drying -  a method of drying food or blood plasma or pharmaceuticals or tissue without destroying their physical structure; material is frozen and then warmed in a vacuum so that the ice sublimes
  • French fries -  strips of potato fried in deep fat
  • French toast -  bread slice dipped in egg and milk and fried; topped with sugar or fruit or syrup
  • Freshman -  used of a person in the first year of an experience (especially in United States high school or college);  a first-year undergraduate; any new participant in some activity
  • Fricassee -  pieces of chicken or other meat stewed in gravy with e.g. carrots and onions and served with noodles or dumplings; verb make a fricassee of by cooking
  • Frisk -  the act of searching someone for concealed weapons or illegal drugs; verb search as for concealed weapons by running the hands rapidly over the clothing and through the pockets; play boisterously
  • Fritter -  small quantity of fried batter containing fruit or meat or vegetables; verb spend frivolously and unwisely
  • Frozen food -  food preserved by freezing
  • Fructose -  a simple sugar found in honey and in many ripe fruits
  • Fruit salad -  salad composed of fruits
  • Fruitcake -  a rich cake containing dried fruit and nuts and citrus peel and so on; a whimsically eccentric person
  • Fruity -  tasting or smelling richly of or as of fruit; informal or slang terms for mentally irregular
  • Frumenty -  sweet spiced porridge made from hulled wheat
  • Frying -  cooking in fat or oil in a pan or griddle
  • Fudge -  soft creamy candy; verb fake or falsify; avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing (duties, questions, or issues)
  • Fugu -  a blowfish highly prized as a delicacy in Japan but highly dangerous because the skin and organs are poisonous
  • Fuji -  an extinct volcano in south central Honshu that is the highest peak in Japan; last erupted in 1707; famous for its symmetrical snow-capped peak; a sacred mountain and site for pilgrimages; shrubby Japanese cherry tree having pale pink blossoms
  • Fumaric acid -  a colorless crystalline acid with a fruity taste; used in making polyester resins
  • Furan -  a colorless toxic flammable liquid used in the synthesis of nylon
  • Furfural -  a liquid aldehyde with a penetrating odor; made from plant hulls and corn cobs; used in making furan and as a solvent
  • Future -  coming at a subsequent time or stage; (of elected officers) elected but not yet serving; yet to be or coming; effective in or looking toward the future; a verb tense or other formation referring to events or states that have not yet happened;  bulk commodities bought or sold at an agreed price for delivery at a specified future date; a verb tense that expresses actions or states in the future; the time yet to come
  • Gala -  a gay festivity
  • Galactose -  a simple sugar found in lactose
  • Galantine -  boned poultry stuffed then cooked and covered with aspic; served cold
  • Galley -  the area for food preparation on a ship; the kitchen area for food preparation on an airliner; (classical antiquity) a crescent-shaped seagoing vessel propelled by oars; a large medieval vessel with a single deck propelled by sails and oars with guns at stern and prow; a complement of 1,000 men; used mainly in the Mediterranean for war and trading
  • Game law -  a regulation intended to manage or preserve game animals
  • Garden hose -  a hose used for watering a lawn or garden
  • Garden -  a plot of ground where plants are cultivated; a yard or lawn adjoining a house; the flowers or vegetables or fruits or herbs that are cultivated in a garden; verb work in the garden
  • Garlic butter -  butter seasoned with mashed garlic
  • Garlic -  aromatic bulb used as seasoning; bulbous herb of southern Europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong-flavored cloves
  • Gastronomy -  the art and practice of choosing and preparing and eating good food; a particular style of cookery (as of a region)
  • Gastrostomy -  surgical creation of an opening through the abdominal wall into the stomach (as for gastrogavage)
  • Gateway -  an entrance that can be closed by a gate
  • Gazpacho -  a soup made with chopped tomatoes and onions and cucumbers and peppers and herbs; served cold
  • Gefilte fish -  well-seasoned balls of ground fish and eggs and crushed crumbs simmered in fish stock
  • Gelatin -  a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects; an edible jelly (sweet or pungent) made with gelatin and used as a dessert or salad base or a coating for foods; a colorless water-soluble glutinous protein obtained from animal tissues such as bone and skin
  • Geography -  study of the earth's surface; includes people's responses to topography and climate and soil and vegetation
  • Geology -  a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
  • Geophagia -  eating earth or clay or chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes or sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency
  • Ghrelin -  a hormone produced by stomach cells
  • Ginger beer -  carbonated slightly alcoholic drink flavored with fermented ginger
  • Ginkgo biloba -  deciduous dioecious Chinese tree having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seeds; exists almost exclusively in cultivation especially as an ornamental street tree
  • Ginseng -  Chinese herb with palmately compound leaves and small greenish flowers and forked aromatic roots believed to have medicinal powers; aromatic root of ginseng plants
  • Glassware -  an article of tableware made of glass
  • Glasswort -  fleshy maritime plant having fleshy stems with rudimentary scalelike leaves and small spikes of minute flowers; formerly used in making glass; bushy plant of Old World salt marshes and sea beaches having prickly leaves; burned to produce a crude soda ash
  • Glaze -  coating for fabrics, ceramics, metal, etc.; a glossy finish on a fabric; any of various thin shiny (savory or sweet) coatings applied to foods; verb become glassy or take on a glass-like appearance; coat with a glaze; coat with something sweet, such as a hard sugar glaze; furnish with glass
  • Global -  involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope; having the shape of a sphere or ball
  • Glossa -  a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity
  • Gloucester -  a city in southwestern England in Gloucestershire on the Severn; a town in northeastern Massachusetts on Cape Ann northeast of Boston; the harbor has been a fishing center for centuries
  • Glucose -  a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • Glutamine -  a crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins; important in protein metabolism
  • Gluten -  a protein substance that remains when starch is removed from cereal grains; gives cohesiveness to dough
  • Gluttony -  eating to excess (personified as one of the deadly sins); habitual eating to excess
  • Glycerol -  a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • Glycogen -  one form in which body fuel is stored; stored primarily in the liver and broken down into glucose when needed by the body
  • Gnocchi -  (Italian) a small dumpling made of potato or flour or semolina that is boiled or baked and is usually served with a sauce or with grated cheese
  • Goddard -  United States physicist who developed the first successful liquid-fueled rocket (1882-1945)
  • Gold leaf -  a very thin form of gold foil
  • Gondi -  a Dravidian language spoken by the Gond in south central India
  • Gong -  a percussion instrument consisting of a metal plate that is struck with a softheaded drumstick; a percussion instrument consisting of a set of tuned bells that are struck with a hammer; used as an orchestral instrument; verb sound a gong
  • Goober -  pod of the peanut vine containing usually 2 nuts or seeds; `groundnut' and `monkey nut' are British terms
  • Gore -  a triangular piece of cloth; coagulated blood from a wound; Vice President of the United States under Bill Clinton (born in 1948); the shedding of blood resulting in murder; verb wound by piercing with a sharp or penetrating object or instrument; cut into gores
  • Gorgonzola -  Italian blue cheese
  • Gourmand -  a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess
  • Gourmet -  a person devoted to refined sensuous enjoyment (especially good food and drink)
  • Grace Cup -  cup to be passed around for the final toast after a meal
  • Graham bread -  bread made of graham (whole wheat) flour
  • Granny Smith -  apple with a green skin and hard tart flesh
  • Granola -  cereal made of especially rolled oats with dried fruits and nuts and honey or brown sugar
  • Grape juice -  the juice of grapes
  • Grass -  German writer of novels and poetry and plays (born 1927); narrow-leaved green herbage: grown as lawns; used as pasture for grazing animals; cut and dried as hay; street names for marijuana; animal food for browsing or grazing; verb shoot down, of birds; feed with grass; cover with grass; spread out clothes on the grass to let it dry and bleach; cover with grass; give away information about somebody
  • Gratuity -  an award (as for meritorious service) given without claim or obligation; a relatively small amount of money given for services rendered (as by a waiter)
  • Gravity -  a solemn and dignified feeling; (physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the universe; especially the attraction of the earth's mass for bodies near its surface; a manner that is serious and solemn
  • Gravy Train -  income obtained with a minimum of effort
  • Greco -  Spanish painter (born in Greece) remembered for his religious works characterized by elongated human forms and dramatic use of color (1541-1614)
  • Greek -  of or relating to or characteristic of Greece or the Greeks;  the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European family of languages; a native or inhabitant of Greece
  • Green onion -  young onion before the bulb has enlarged
  • Greenberg -  United States linguist who studied the historical relations among 5,000 languages (1916-2001)
  • Greengrocer -  a grocer who sells fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Greenpeace -  an international organization that works for environmental conservation and the preservation of endangered species
  • Grenadier -  deep-sea fish with a large head and body and long tapering tail; an infantryman equipped with grenades
  • Greyhound -  a tall slender dog of an ancient breed noted for swiftness and keen sight; used as a racing dog
  • Griddle -  cooking utensil consisting of a flat heated surface (as on top of a stove) on which food is cooked; verb cook on a griddle
  • Grilling -  cooking by direct exposure to radiant heat (as over a fire or under a grill)
  • Grit -  a hard coarse-grained siliceous sandstone; fortitude and determination; verb clench together; cover with a grit
  • Grits -  coarsely ground hulled corn boiled as a breakfast dish in the southern United States
  • Groat -  a former English silver coin worth four pennies
  • Grocery store -  a marketplace where groceries are sold
  • Gruel -  a thin porridge (usually oatmeal or cornmeal)
  • Guacamole -  a dip made of mashed avocado mixed with chopped onions and other seasonings
  • Guinness -  a kind of bitter stout; English stage and screen actor noted for versatility (1914-2000)
  • Gull -  mostly white aquatic bird having long pointed wings and short legs; a person who is gullible and easy to take advantage of; verb fool or hoax; make a fool or dupe of
  • Gum arabic -  gum from an acacia tree; used as a thickener (especially in candies and pharmaceuticals)
  • Gun dog -  a dog trained to work with sportsmen when they hunt with guns
  • Gunner -  a serviceman in the artillery
  • Gymnastics -  a sport that involves exercises intended to display strength and balance and agility
  • Gyro -  a Greek sandwich: sliced roast lamb with onion and tomato stuffed into pita bread; rotating mechanism in the form of a universally mounted spinning wheel that offers resistance to turns in any direction
  • Halab -  a city in northwestern Syria
  • Halal -  conforming to dietary laws; proper or legitimate;  (Islam) meat from animals that have been slaughtered in the prescribed way according to the shariah
  • Half-Moon -  the crescent-shaped area at the base of the human fingernail; the time at which the moon is at first or last quarter when half its face is illuminated
  • Half-and-half -  in equal parts;  in equal parts;  half milk and half light cream; contains 10% to 18% butterfat
  • Halifax -  provincial capital and largest city of Nova Scotia
  • Hallmark -  a distinctive characteristic or attribute; a mark on an article of trade to indicate its origin and authenticity
  • Hamburger -  a sandwich consisting of a fried cake of minced beef served on a bun, often with other ingredients; beef that has been ground
  • Hangar -  a large structure at an airport where aircraft can be stored and maintained
  • Hangover -  something that has survived from the past; disagreeable aftereffects from the use of drugs (especially alcohol); an official who remains in office after his term
  • Happy hour -  the time of day when a bar sells alcoholic drinks at a reduced price
  • Harris -  publisher of the first newspaper printed in America (1673-1713); British marshal of the Royal Air Force; during World War II he directed mass bombing raids against German cities that resulted in heavy civilian casualties (1892-1984); Irish writer noted for his sexually explicit but unreliable autobiography (1856-1931); United States diplomat who was instrumental in opening Japan to foreign trade (1804-1878)
  • Hasty pudding -  cornmeal mush served with sweetening (maple syrup or brown sugar); sweetened porridge made of tapioca or flour or oatmeal cooked quickly in milk or water
  • Haute cuisine -  (French) an elaborate and skillful manner of preparing food
  • Hawaii -  a state in the United States in the central Pacific on the Hawaiian Islands; the largest and southernmost of the Hawaii islands; has several volcanic peaks
  • Hawker -  a person who breeds and trains hawks and who follows the sport of falconry; someone who travels about selling his wares (as on the streets or at carnivals)
  • Hazelnut -  nut of any of several trees of the genus Corylus; any of several shrubs or small trees of the genus Corylus bearing edible nuts enclosed in a leafy husk
  • Health Check -  a thorough physical examination; includes a variety of tests depending on the age and sex and health of the person
  • Health food -  any natural or prepared food popularly believed to promote good health
  • Health -  the general condition of body and mind; a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
  • Healthy -  having or indicating good health in body or mind; free from infirmity or disease; exercising or showing good judgment; financially secure and functioning well; promoting health; healthful; physically and mentally sound or healthy
  • Heating oil -  a petroleum product used for fuel
  • Heavyweight -  a professional boxer who weighs more than 190 pounds; a wrestler who weighs more than 214 pounds; an amateur boxer who weighs no more than 201 pounds; a person of exceptional importance and reputation; a very large person; impressive in size or qualities
  • Hedge trimmer -  a garden tool for trimming hedges
  • Heinz -  United States industrialist who manufactured and sold processed foods (1844-1919)
  • Helminthiasis -  infestation of the body with parasitic worms
  • Herb -  aromatic potherb used in cookery for its savory qualities; a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
  • Herbal tea -  tea-like drink made of leaves of various herbs
  • Herbivore -  any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
  • Herring -  commercially important food fish of northern waters of both Atlantic and Pacific; valuable flesh of fatty fish from shallow waters of northern Atlantic or Pacific; usually salted or pickled
  • Hershey bar -  a bar of milk chocolate made by the Hershey company
  • Hershey -  an industrial town east of Harrisburg; United States confectioner and philanthropist who created the model industrial town of Hershey, Pennsylvania; founded an industrial school for orphan boys (1857-1945)
  • Hesperian -  denoting or characteristic of countries of Europe and the western hemisphere
  • Hibachi -  a portable brazier that burns charcoal and has a grill for cooking; verb cook over a hibachi grill
  • High table -  a dining table in a dining-hall raised on a platform; seats are reserved for distinguished persons
  • Highball glass -  a tall glass for serving highballs
  • Hiking -  a long walk usually for exercise or pleasure
  • Hill -  a local and well-defined elevation of the land; risque English comedian (1925-1992); United States railroad tycoon (1838-1916); structure consisting of an artificial heap or bank usually of earth or stones; (baseball) the slight elevation on which the pitcher stands; verb form into a hill
  • Historical -  having once lived or existed or taken place in the real world as distinct from being legendary; of or relating to the study of history; belonging to the past; of what is important or famous in the past; used of the study of a phenomenon (especially language) as it changes through time
  • History -  the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings; all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge; a record or narrative description of past events; the aggregate of past events; the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future
  • Hoarding -  large outdoor signboard
  • Hogshead -  a large cask especially one holding 63 gals; a British unit of capacity for alcoholic beverages
  • Holiday -  a day on which work is suspended by law or custom; leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure; verb spend or take a vacation
  • Holism -  the theory that the parts of any whole cannot exist and cannot be understood except in their relation to the whole
  • Holloware -  silverware serving dishes
  • Holy trinity -  the union of the Father and Son and Holy Ghost in one Godhead
  • Home fries -  sliced pieces of potato fried in a pan until brown and crisp
  • Homeopathy -  a method of treating disease with small amounts of remedies that, in large amounts in healthy people, produce symptoms similar to those being treated
  • Homogenization -  the act of making something homogeneous or uniform in composition
  • Honduras -  a republic in Central America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; an early center of Mayan culture
  • Honey cake -  a spicy cake partially sweetened with honey
  • Honey -  of something having the color of honey;  a sweet yellow liquid produced by bees; a beloved person; used as terms of endearment; verb sweeten with honey
  • Honeydew -  the fruit of a variety of winter melon vine; a large smooth greenish-white melon with pale green flesh
  • Hors d'oeuvre -  a dish served as an appetizer before the main meal
  • Horseradish -  grated horseradish root; coarse Eurasian plant cultivated for its thick white pungent root; the root of the horseradish plant; it is grated or ground and used for seasoning
  • Hot chocolate -  a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • Hot cross bun -  moderately sweet raised roll containing spices and raisins and citron and decorated with a cross-shaped sugar glaze
  • Hot sauce -  a pungent peppery sauce
  • Hot toddy -  a mixed drink made of liquor and water with sugar and spices and served hot
  • Hot-dog - verb perform intricate maneuvers while skiing
  • Hound -  any of several breeds of dog used for hunting typically having large drooping ears; someone who is morally reprehensible; verb pursue or chase relentlessly
  • Howard -  Queen of England as the fifth wife of Henry VIII who was accused of adultery and executed (1520-1542); English actor of stage and screen (1893-1943)
  • Human -  having human form or attributes as opposed to those of animals or divine beings; characteristic of humanity; relating to a person;  any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
  • Humectant -  any substance that is added to another substance to keep it moist
  • Humin -  a black humic substance that is not soluble in water
  • Hummus -  a thick spread made from mashed chickpeas, tahini, lemon juice and garlic; used especially as a dip for pita; originated in the Middle East
  • Humpty Dumpty -  an egg-shaped character in a nursery rhyme who fell off a wall and could not be put back together again (late 17th century)
  • Hunger strike -  a voluntary fast undertaken as a means of protest
  • Hunger -  strong desire for something (not food or drink); a physiological need for food; the consequence of food deprivation; verb feel the need to eat; be hungry; go without food; have a craving, appetite, or great desire for
  • Hunting dog -  a dog used in hunting game
  • Hunting knife -  a large sharp knife with a handle shaped to fit the grip
  • Hunting season -  the season during which it is legal to kill a particular species
  • Hunting -  the pursuit and killing or capture of wild animals regarded as a sport; the work of finding and killing or capturing animals for food or pelts; the activity of looking thoroughly in order to find something or someone
  • Hurl -  a violent throw; verb utter with force; utter vehemently; throw forcefully; make a thrusting forward movement
  • Hurrah -  a victory cheer; verb shout `hurrah!'
  • Hushpuppy -  deep-fried cornbread ball (southern)
  • Hyderabad -  a city in south central India in Andhra Pradesh; a city in southern Pakistan on the Indus River
  • Hydrolysate -  a product of hydrolysis
  • Hydrometer -  a measuring instrument for determining the specific gravity of a liquid or solid
  • Hydrotherapy -  the internal and external use of water in the treatment of disease
  • Ice cream -  frozen dessert containing cream and sugar and flavoring
  • Ice pack -  a waterproof bag filled with ice: applied to the body (especially the head) to cool or reduce swelling; a large expanse of floating ice
  • Icebox -  white goods in which food can be stored at low temperatures
  • Iced coffee -  strong sweetened coffee served over ice with cream
  • Icehouse -  a house for storing ice
  • Iceland -  a volcanic island in the North Atlantic near the Arctic Circle; an island republic on the island of Iceland; became independent of Denmark in 1944
  • Icing -  (ice hockey) the act of shooting the puck from within your own defensive area the length of the rink beyond the opponent's goal; a flavored sugar topping used to coat and decorate cakes; the formation of frost or ice on a surface
  • Ile-de-France -  a region of north central France including Paris and the area around it
  • Impurity -  the condition of being impure; worthless or dangerous material that should be removed
  • Inca -  a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s; a ruler of the Incas (or a member of his family)
  • India -  a republic in the Asian subcontinent in southern Asia; second most populous country in the world; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947
  • Indian -  of or pertaining to American Indians or their culture or languages; of or relating to or characteristic of India or the East Indies or their peoples or languages or cultures;  a member of the race of people living in America when Europeans arrived; a native or inhabitant of India; any of the languages spoken by Amerindians
  • Infant feeding -  feeding an infant
  • Infant -  a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk
  • Infusion -  the act of infusing or introducing a certain modifying element or quality; (medicine) the passive introduction of a substance (a fluid or drug or electrolyte) into a vein or between tissues (as by gravitational force); the process of extracting certain active properties (as a drug from a plant) by steeping or soaking (usually in water); a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)
  • Ingredient -  a component of a mixture or compound; food that is a component of a mixture in cooking; an abstract part of something
  • Insecta -  insects; about five-sixths of all known animal species
  • Insectivore -  any organism that feeds mainly on insects; small insect-eating mainly nocturnal terrestrial or fossorial mammals
  • International -  concerning or belonging to all or at least two or more nations; from or between other countries;  any of several international socialist organizations
  • Inulin -  used to manufacture fructose and in assessing kidney function
  • Invertase -  an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of sucrose into glucose and fructose
  • Iodine -  a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks); a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic
  • Iraqi -  of or relating to Iraq or its people or culture;  a native or inhabitant of Iraq
  • Ireland -  an island comprising the republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland; a republic consisting of 26 of 32 counties comprising the island of Ireland; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1921
  • Irving -  United States writer of darkly humorous novels (born in 1942); United States writer remembered for his stories (1783-1859)
  • Isaac -  (Old Testament) the second patriarch; son of Abraham and Sarah who was offered by Abraham as a sacrifice to God; father of Jacob and Esau
  • Isabella -  the queen of Castile whose marriage to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469 marked the beginning of the modern state of Spain; they instituted the Spanish Inquisition in 1478 and sponsored the voyages of Christopher Columbus in 1492 (1451-1504)
  • Isinglass -  any of various minerals consisting of hydrous silicates of aluminum or potassium etc. that crystallize in forms that allow perfect cleavage into very thin leaves; used as dielectrics because of their resistance to electricity
  • Isothiocyanate -  a family of compounds derived from horseradish and radishes and onions and mustards; source of the hotness of those plants and preparations
  • Israel -  an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Saul around 1025 BC and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 BC; Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine
  • Israeli -  of or relating to or characteristic of Israel or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Israel
  • Italia -  a republic in southern Europe on the Italian Peninsula; was the core of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire between the 4th century BC and the 5th century AD
  • Jackfruit -  immense East Indian fruit resembling breadfruit; it contains an edible pulp and nutritious seeds that are commonly roasted; East Indian tree cultivated for its immense edible fruit and seeds
  • Jacobs -  Dutch physician who opened the first birth control clinic in the world in Amsterdam (1854-1929); United States writer and critic of urban planning (born in 1916); English writer of macabre short stories (1863-1943)
  • Jaggery -  unrefined brown sugar made from palm sap
  • Jan Swammerdam -  Dutch naturalist and microscopist who proposed a classification of insects and who was among the first to recognize cells in animals and was the first to see red blood cells (1637-1680)
  • Japanese -  of or relating to or characteristic of Japan or its people or their culture or language;  the language (usually considered to be Altaic) spoken by the Japanese; a native or inhabitant of Japan
  • Jazz -  a style of dance music popular in the 1920s; similar to New Orleans jazz but played by large bands; a genre of popular music that originated in New Orleans around 1900 and developed through increasingly complex styles; empty rhetoric or insincere or exaggerated talk; verb play something in the style of jazz; have sexual intercourse with
  • Jejunostomy -  surgical creation of an opening between the jejunum and the anterior abdominal wall; will allow artificial feeding
  • Jell-O -  fruit-flavored dessert (trade mark Jell-O) made from a commercially prepared gelatin powder
  • Jelly bean -  sugar-glazed jellied candy
  • Jelly doughnut -  a raised doughnut filled with jelly or jam
  • Jerky -  having or revealing stupidity; marked by abrupt transitions; not having a steady rhythm;  meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun
  • Jiffy -  a very short time (as the time it takes the eye blink or the heart to beat)
  • Jogging -  running at a jog trot as a form of cardiopulmonary exercise
  • Johnnycake -  cornbread usually cooked pancake-style on a griddle (chiefly New England)
  • Jolly -  full of or showing high-spirited merriment;  used as an intensifier (`jolly' is used informally in Britain);  a happy party; a yawl used by a ship's sailors for general work; verb be silly or tease one another
  • Jolt -  a sudden impact; an abrupt spasmodic movement; verb disturb (someone's) composure; move or cause to move with a sudden jerky motion
  • Jonah -  a book in the Old Testament that tells the story of Jonah and the whale; a person believed to bring bad luck to those around him; (Old Testament) Jonah did not wish to become a prophet so God caused a great storm to throw him overboard from a ship; he was saved by being swallowed by a whale that vomited him out onto dry land
  • Jonathan -  red late-ripening apple; primarily eaten raw
  • Jowett -  English classical scholar noted for his translations of Plato and Aristotle (1817-1893)
  • Jubilee -  a special anniversary (or the celebration of it)
  • Jujube -  chewy fruit-flavored jellied candy (sometimes medicated to soothe a sore throat); dark red plumlike fruit of Old World buckthorn trees; spiny tree having dark red edible fruits
  • Junk food -  food that tastes good but is high in calories having little nutritional value
  • Junket -  a trip taken by an official at public expense; dessert made of sweetened milk coagulated with rennet; a journey taken for pleasure; verb partake in a feast or banquet; provide a feast or banquet for; go on a pleasure trip
  • Jupiter -  the largest planet and the 5th from the sun; has many satellites and is one of the brightest objects in the night sky; (Roman mythology) supreme god of Romans; counterpart of Greek Zeus
  • Just Right -  in every detail
  • Kama -  god of love and erotic desire; opposite of Mara
  • Kasha -  boiled or baked buckwheat
  • Kava -  an alcoholic drink made from the aromatic roots of the kava shrub
  • Kebab -  cubes of meat marinated and cooked on a skewer usually with vegetables
  • Kent -  a county in southeastern England on the English Channel; formerly an Anglo-Saxon kingdom, it was the first to be colonized by the Romans; United States painter noted for his woodcuts (1882-1971)
  • Kentucky -  a state in east central United States; a border state during the American Civil War; famous for breeding race horses
  • Ketchup -  thick spicy sauce made from tomatoes
  • Keystone -  the central building block at the top of an arch or vault; a central cohesive source of support and stability
  • Khan -  a title given to rulers or other important people in Asian countries; an inn in some eastern countries with a large courtyard that provides accommodation for caravans
  • Khmer Rouge -  a communist organization formed in Cambodia in 1970; became a terrorist organization in 1975 when it captured Phnom Penh and created a government that killed an estimated three million people; was defeated by Vietnamese troops but remained active until 1999
  • Kingdom -  a basic group of natural objects; the highest taxonomic group into which organisms are grouped; one of five biological categories: Monera or Protoctista or Plantae or Fungi or Animalia; a monarchy with a king or queen as head of state; the domain ruled by a king or queen; a country with a king as head of state; a domain in which something is dominant
  • Kipper -  salted and smoked herring
  • Kitchen Sink -  a sink in a kitchen
  • Kitchen -  a room equipped for preparing meals
  • Kitty -  informal terms referring to a domestic cat; young domestic cat; the cumulative amount involved in a game (such as poker); the combined stakes of the betters
  • Knight -  a chessman shaped to resemble the head of a horse; can move two squares horizontally and one vertically (or vice versa); originally a person of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry; today in Great Britain a person honored by the sovereign for personal merit; verb raise (someone) to knighthood
  • Knish -  (Yiddish) baked or fried turnover filled with potato or meat or cheese; often eaten as a snack
  • Kol Nidre -  the opening prayer on the eve of Yom Kippur
  • Kosher -  conforming to dietary laws; proper or legitimate;  food that fulfills the requirements of Jewish dietary law
  • Kumquat -  small oval citrus fruit with thin sweet rind and very acid pulp; any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Fortunella bearing small orange-colored edible fruits with thick sweet-flavored skin and sour pulp
  • Kurdish -  of or relating to Kurdistan or the Kurds or their language and culture;  an Iranian language spoken in Turkey and Iran and Iraq and Syria and Russia
  • Kuru -  100 kurus equal 1 lira in Turkey; a progressive disease of the central nervous system marked by increasing lack of coordination and advancing to paralysis and death within a year of the appearance of symptoms; thought to have been transmitted by cannibalistic consumption of diseased brain tissue since the disease virtually disappeared when cannibalism was abandoned
  • Lacing -  a small amount of liquor added to a food or beverage; the act of inflicting corporal punishment with repeated blows; a cord that is drawn through eyelets or around hooks in order to draw together two edges (as of a shoe or garment)
  • Lactase -  any of a group of enzymes (trade name Lactaid) that hydrolyze lactose to glucose and galactose
  • Lactobacillus -  Gram-positive rod-shaped bacteria that produce lactic acid especially in milk
  • Lambda -  the craniometric point at the junction of the sagittal and lamboid sutures of the skull; the 11th letter of the Greek alphabet
  • Lancashire -  a historical area of northwestern England on the Irish Sea; noted for textiles
  • Lance -  a surgical knife with a pointed double-edged blade; used for punctures and small incisions; a long pointed rod used as a weapon; an implement with a shaft and barbed point used for catching fish; verb open by piercing with a lancet; pierce with a lance, as in a knights' fight; move quickly, as if by cutting one's way
  • Landing -  the act of coming to land after a voyage; the act of coming down to the earth (or other surface); structure providing a place where boats can land people or goods; an intermediate platform in a staircase
  • Lard -  soft white semisolid fat obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of the hog; verb prepare or cook with lard; add details to
  • Larder -  a supply of food especially for a household; a small storeroom for storing foods or wines
  • Las Vegas -  largest city in Nevada; located in southeastern Nevada; originally settled by Mormons but is now famous for entertainment and gambling and general excess
  • Lasagna -  very wide flat strips of pasta; baked dish of layers of lasagna pasta with sauce and cheese and meat or vegetables
  • Last Supper -  the traditional Passover supper of Jesus with his disciples on the eve of his crucifixion
  • Latke -  made of grated potato and egg with a little flour
  • Lauric acid -  a crystalline fatty acid occurring as glycerides in natural fats and oils (especially coconut oil and palm-kernel oil)
  • Lava -  rock that in its molten form (as magma) issues from volcanos; lava is what magma is called when it reaches the surface
  • Lawn mower -  garden tool for mowing grass on lawns
  • Laws -  the first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit
  • Lazy Susan -  a revolving tray placed on a dining table
  • Lean -  not profitable or prosperous; lacking in mineral content or combustible material; containing little excess; lacking excess flesh;  the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the vertical; verb rely on for support; cause to lean or incline; to incline or bend from a vertical position; cause to lean to the side; have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined
  • Leeds -  a city on the River Aire in West Yorkshire in northern England; a center of the clothing industry
  • Leek -  related to onions; white cylindrical bulb and flat dark-green leaves; plant having a large slender white bulb and flat overlapping dark green leaves; used in cooking; believed derived from the wild Allium ampeloprasum
  • Lees -  the sediment from fermentation of an alcoholic beverage
  • Leftovers -  food remaining from a previous meal
  • Legume -  the seedpod of a leguminous plant (such as peas or beans or lentils); an erect or climbing bean or pea plant of the family Leguminosae; the fruit or seed of any of various bean or pea plants consisting of a case that splits along both sides when ripe and having the seeds attach to one side of the case
  • Lemon -  an artifact (especially an automobile) that is defective or unsatisfactory; a distinctive tart flavor characteristic of lemons; yellow oval fruit with juicy acidic flesh; a small evergreen tree that originated in Asia but is widely cultivated for its fruit; a strong yellow color
  • Lemongrass -  an aromatic oil that smells like lemon and is widely used in Asian cooking and in perfumes and medicines
  • Leninism -  the political and economic theories of Lenin which provided the guiding doctrine of the Soviet Union; the modification of Marxism by Lenin stressed that imperialism is the highest form of capitalism (which shifts the struggle from developed to underdeveloped countries)
  • Lentil soup -  made of stock and lentils with onions carrots and celery
  • Lentil -  round flat seed of the lentil plant used for food; widely cultivated Eurasian annual herb grown for its edible flattened seeds that are cooked like peas and also ground into meal and for its leafy stalks that are used as fodder; the fruit or seed of a lentil plant
  • Levantine -  of or relating to the Levant or its inhabitants;  (formerly) a native or inhabitant of the Levant
  • Lewisia -  genus of western North American low-growing herbs having linear woolly leaves and large pink flowers
  • Liberty -  freedom of choice; personal freedom from servitude or confinement or oppression; an act of undue intimacy; immunity from arbitrary exercise of authority: political independence; leave granted to a sailor or naval officer
  • Licorice root -  root of licorice used in flavoring e.g. candy and liqueurs and medicines
  • Lifestyle -  a manner of living that reflects the person's values and attitudes
  • Lightweight -  having no importance or influence;  a professional boxer who weighs between 131 and 135 pounds; a wrestler who weighs 139-154 pounds; an amateur boxer who weighs no more than 132 pounds; someone who is unimportant but cheeky and presumptuous
  • Like -  resembling or similar; having the same or some of the same characteristics; often used in combination; equal in amount or value; having the same or similar characteristics; conforming in every respect;  a kind of person; a similar kind; verb feel about or towards; consider, evaluate, or regard; be fond of; find enjoyable or agreeable; want to have; prefer or wish to do something
  • Lima -  capital and largest city and economic center of Peru; located in western Peru; was capital of the Spanish empire in the New World until the 19th century
  • Limeade -  sweetened beverage of lime juice and water
  • Limonene -  a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
  • Linalool -  a colorless fragrant liquid found in many essential oils
  • Linseed oil -  a drying oil extracted from flax seed and used in making such things as oil paints
  • Liquefaction -  the conversion of a solid or a gas into a liquid
  • Liqueur -  strong highly flavored sweet liquor usually drunk after a meal
  • Liquid diet -  a diet of foods that can be served in liquid or strained form (plus custards or puddings); prescribed after certain kinds of surgery
  • Liquid oxygen -  a bluish translucent magnetic liquid obtained by compressing gaseous oxygen and then cooling it below its boiling point; used as an oxidizer in rocket propellants
  • Liquor license -  a license authorizing the holder to sell alcoholic beverages
  • Liquor store -  a store that sells alcoholic beverages for consumption elsewhere
  • Liquor -  the liquid in which vegetables or meat have be cooked; an alcoholic beverage that is distilled rather than fermented; a liquid substance that is a solution (or emulsion or suspension) used or obtained in an industrial process
  • Liquorice -  a black candy flavored with the dried root of the licorice plant; deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots
  • Listeriosis -  an infectious disease of animals and humans (especially newborn or immunosuppressed persons) caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes; in sheep and cattle the infection frequently involves the central nervous system and causes various neurological symptoms
  • Literature -  the profession or art of a writer; the humanistic study of a body of literature; creative writing of recognized artistic value; published writings in a particular style on a particular subject
  • Lithia water -  mineral water containing lithium salts
  • Liver fluke -  flatworm parasitic in liver and bile ducts of domestic animals and humans
  • Livestock -  not used technically; any animals kept for use or profit
  • Lobster stew -  diced lobster meat in milk or cream
  • Lobster -  any of several edible marine crustaceans of the families Homaridae and Nephropsidae and Palinuridae; flesh of a lobster
  • Local option -  freedom of a local government to determine by popular vote the applicability of a controversial law in their jurisdiction
  • Localism -  a phrase or pronunciation that is peculiar to a particular locality; a partiality for some particular place
  • London -  the capital and largest city of England; located on the Thames in southeastern England; financial and industrial and cultural center; United States writer of novels based on experiences in the Klondike gold rush (1876-1916)
  • Lord Nelson -  English admiral who defeated the French fleets of Napoleon but was mortally wounded at Trafalgar (1758-1805)
  • Louis XIV -  king of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles (1638-1715)
  • Love -  any object of warm affection or devotion; a deep feeling of sexual desire and attraction; a strong positive emotion of regard and affection; a score of zero in tennis or squash; sexual activities (often including sexual intercourse) between two people; a beloved person; used as terms of endearment; verb have a great affection or liking for; be enamored or in love with; get pleasure from; have sexual intercourse with
  • Lower -  the lower of two berths; verb set lower; cause to drop or sink; move something or somebody to a lower position; look angry or sullen, wrinkle one's forehead, as if to signal disapproval; make lower or quieter
  • Lube -  a substance capable of reducing friction by making surfaces smooth or slippery; verb apply a lubricant to
  • Luddite -  one of the 19th century English workmen who destroyed laborsaving machinery that they thought would cause unemployment; any opponent of technological progress
  • Lunch meat -  any of various sausages or molded loaf meats sliced and served cold
  • Lycopene -  carotenoid that makes tomatoes red; may lower the risk of prostate cancer
  • Lynch - verb kill without legal sanction
  • Macaroni salad -  having macaroni as the base
  • Mace -  a ceremonial staff carried as a symbol of office or authority; spice made from the dried fleshy covering of the nutmeg seed; (trademark) a liquid that temporarily disables a person; prepared as an aerosol and sprayed in the face, it irritates the eyes and causes dizziness and immobilization; an official who carries a mace of office
  • Macedonia -  landlocked republic on the Balkan Peninsula; achieved independence from Yugoslavia in 1991; the ancient kingdom of Philip II and Alexander the Great in the southeastern Balkans that is now divided among modern Macedonia and Greece and Bulgaria
  • Macedonian -  of or relating to Macedonia or its inhabitants;  the Slavic language of modern Macedonia; a native or inhabitant of Macedon
  • Maceration -  softening due to soaking or steeping; extreme leanness (usually caused by starvation or disease)
  • Machete -  a large heavy knife used in Central and South America as a weapon or for cutting vegetation
  • Macoun -  similar to McIntosh; juicy and late-ripening
  • Macrophage -  a large phagocyte; some are fixed and other circulate in the blood stream
  • Magnesium -  a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
  • Magritte -  Belgian surrealist painter (1898-1967)
  • Main course -  a square mainsail; the principal dish of a meal
  • Malnutrition -  a state of poor nutrition; can result from insufficient or excessive or unbalanced diet or from inability to absorb foods
  • Malt liquor -  a lager of high alcohol content; by law it is considered too alcoholic to be sold as lager or beer
  • Malta -  a strategically located island south of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea; a republic on the island of Malta in the Mediterranean; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1964
  • Malted milk -  powder made of dried milk and malted cereals; a milkshake made with malt powder
  • Malus pumila -  native Eurasian tree widely cultivated in many varieties for its firm rounded edible fruits
  • Malus -  apple trees; found throughout temperate zones of the northern hemisphere
  • Malva neglecta -  annual Old World plant with clusters of pink or white flowers; naturalized in United States
  • Mamba -  arboreal snake of central and southern Africa whose bite is often fatal
  • Management -  the act of managing something; those in charge of running a business
  • Manchu -  the Tungusic language spoken by the Manchu; a member of the Manchu speaking people of Mongolian race of Manchuria; related to the Tungus; conquered China in the 17th century; the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries; during the Qing dynasty China was ruled by the Manchu
  • Mane -  long coarse hair growing from the crest of the animal's neck; growth of hair covering the scalp of a human being
  • Manet -  French painter whose work influenced the impressionists (1832-1883)
  • Manganese -  a hard brittle grey polyvalent metallic element that resembles iron but is not magnetic; used in making steel; occurs in many minerals
  • Manila -  the capital and largest city of the Philippines; located on southern Luzon; a strong paper or thin cardboard with a smooth light brown finish made from e.g. Manila hemp
  • Manitoba -  one of the three prairie provinces in central Canada
  • Mann -  German writer concerned about the role of the artist in bourgeois society (1875-1955); United States educator who introduced reforms that significantly altered the system of public education (1796-1859)
  • Manna -  hardened sugary exudation of various trees; (Old Testament) food that God gave the Israelites during the Exodus
  • Manner -  a way of acting or behaving; how something is done or how it happens; a kind
  • Mantidae -  mantises
  • Mantrap -  a trap for catching trespassers; a very attractive or seductive looking woman
  • Maoism -  a form of communism developed in China by Mao Zedong
  • Maple sugar -  sugar made from the sap of the sugar maple tree
  • Margarine -  a spread made chiefly from vegetable oils and used as a substitute for butter
  • Mari -  the Finnic language spoken by the Cheremis; a member of a rural Finnish people living in eastern Russia
  • Market garden -  a garden where fruit and vegetables are grown for marketing
  • Marlin -  large long-jawed oceanic sport fishes; related to sailfishes and spearfishes; not completely cold-blooded i.e. able to warm their brains and eyes
  • Mars -  a small reddish planet that is the 4th from the sun and is periodically visible to the naked eye; minerals rich in iron cover its surface and are responsible for its characteristic color; (Roman mythology) Roman god of war and agriculture; father of Romulus and Remus; counterpart of Greek Ares
  • Martian -  of or relating to the planet Mars (or its fictional inhabitants);  imaginary people who live on the planet Mars
  • Marvel -  something that causes feelings of wonder; verb express astonishment or surprise about something; be amazed at
  • Marxism -  the economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that hold that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change and that capitalism will ultimately be superseded by communism
  • Mary Jane -  street names for marijuana
  • Marzipan -  almond paste and egg whites
  • Mascarpone -  soft mild Italian cream cheese
  • Mastic -  an evergreen shrub of the Mediterranean region that is cultivated for its resin; a pasty cement used as an adhesive or filler; an aromatic exudate from the mastic tree; used chiefly in varnishes
  • Matthew -  one of the Gospels in the New Testament; includes the Sermon on the Mount; (New Testament) disciple of Jesus; traditionally considered to be the author of the first Gospel
  • Mattock -  a kind of pick that is used for digging; has a flat blade set at right angles to the handle
  • Matzah ball -  a Jewish dumpling made of matzo meal; usually served in soup
  • Matzo ball -  a Jewish dumpling made of matzo meal; usually served in soup
  • Matzo -  brittle flat bread eaten at Passover
  • Maxi -  used of women's clothing having a hemline at the ankle;  a long skirt ending below the calf
  • Mayonnaise -  egg yolks and oil and vinegar
  • McIntosh -  early-ripening apple popular in the northeastern United States; primarily eaten raw but suitable for applesauce
  • Mead -  made of fermented honey and water; United States philosopher of pragmatism (1863-1931); United States anthropologist noted for her claims about adolescence and sexual behavior in Polynesian cultures (1901-1978)
  • Meat grinder -  any action resulting in injury or destruction; a mill for grinding meat
  • Meat pie -  pie made with meat or fowl enclosed in pastry or covered with pastry or biscuit dough
  • Meat -  the flesh of animals (including fishes and birds and snails) used as food; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; the inner and usually edible part of a seed or grain or nut or fruit stone
  • Meatball -  ground meat formed into a ball and fried or simmered in broth
  • Meatloaf -  a baked loaf of ground meat
  • Mecca -  a place that attracts many visitors; joint capital (with Riyadh) of Saudi Arabia; located in western Saudi Arabia; as the birthplace of Muhammad it is the holiest city of Islam
  • Melatonin -  hormone secreted by the pineal gland
  • Melba toast -  very thin crisp brown toast
  • Melba -  Australian operatic soprano (1861-1931)
  • Melon ball -  a bite of melon cut as a sphere
  • Melon -  any of numerous fruits of the gourd family having a hard rind and sweet juicy flesh; any of various fruit of cucurbitaceous vines including: muskmelons; watermelons; cantaloupes; cucumbers
  • Meltwater -  melted snow or ice
  • Mercury -  temperature measured by a mercury thermometer; the smallest planet and the nearest to the sun; (Roman mythology) messenger of Jupiter and god of commerce; counterpart of Greek Hermes; a heavy silvery toxic univalent and bivalent metallic element; the only metal that is liquid at ordinary temperatures
  • Meringue -  sweet topping especially for pies made of beaten egg whites and sugar
  • Merlot -  dry red wine made from a grape grown widely in Bordeaux and California; black wine grape originally from the region of Bordeaux
  • Methane -  a colorless odorless gas used as a fuel
  • Methyl -  the univalent radical CH3- derived from methane
  • Mexico -  a republic in southern North America; became independent from Spain in 1810
  • Michelangelo -  Florentine sculptor and painter and architect; one of the outstanding figures of the Renaissance (1475-1564)
  • Micronutrient -  a substance needed only in small amounts for normal body function (e.g., vitamins or minerals)
  • Middle Eastern -  of or relating to or located in the Middle East
  • Middleweight -  a professional boxer who weighs between 155 and 160 pounds; a wrestler who weighs 172-192 pounds; an amateur boxer who weighs no more than 165 pounds
  • Migration -  the movement of persons from one country or locality to another; the periodic passage of groups of animals (especially birds or fishes) from one region to another for feeding or breeding; (chemistry) the nonrandom movement of an atom or radical from one place to another within a molecule; a group of people migrating together (especially in some given time period)
  • Milano -  the capital of Lombardy in northern Italy; has been an international center of trade and industry since the Middle Ages
  • Milk bar -  snack bar that sells milk drinks and light refreshments (such as ice cream)
  • Milk thistle -  tall Old World biennial thistle with large clasping white-blotched leaves and purple flower heads; naturalized in California and South America; any of several Old World coarse prickly-leaved shrubs and subshrubs having milky juice and yellow flowers; widely naturalized; often noxious weeds in cultivated soil
  • Milkmaid -  a woman who works in a dairy
  • Milkshake -  frothy drink of milk and flavoring and sometimes fruit or ice cream
  • Milky Way -  the galaxy containing the solar system; consists of millions of stars that can be seen as a diffuse band of light stretching across the night sky
  • Milky -  resembling milk in color or cloudiness; not clear
  • Mills -  United States architect who was the presidentially appointed architect of Washington D.C. (1781-1855)
  • Milo -  small drought-resistant sorghums having large yellow or whitish grains
  • Milwaukee -  largest city of Wisconsin; located in southeastern Wisconsin on the western shore of Lake Michigan; a flourishing agricultural center known for its breweries
  • Mincemeat -  spiced mixture of chopped raisins and apples and other ingredients with or without meat
  • Mincing -  affectedly dainty or refined
  • Mineral oil -  a distillate of petroleum (especially one used medicinally as a laxative or stool softener)
  • Mineral -  of or containing or derived from minerals; composed of matter other than plant or animal; relating to minerals;  solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
  • Minibar -  sideboard with compartments for holding bottles
  • Minnow -  very small European freshwater fish common in gravelly streams
  • Minoan -  of or relating to or characteristic of the Bronze Age culture of Crete;  a Cretan who lived in the bronze-age culture of Crete about 3000-1100 BC
  • Mint julep -  bourbon and sugar and mint over crushed ice
  • Mint -  as if new;  a plant where money is coined by authority of the government; a candy that is flavored with a mint oil; the leaves of a mint plant used fresh or candied; any north temperate plant of the genus Mentha with aromatic leaves and small mauve flowers; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent; verb form by stamping, punching, or printing
  • Miracle -  a marvellous event manifesting a supernatural act of God; any amazing or wonderful occurrence
  • Miscellaneous -  constituting a grab-bag category; consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity)
  • Mistral -  a strong north wind that blows in France during the winter
  • Mixed drink -  made of two or more ingredients
  • Mixed -  consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity); involving or composed of different races; caused to combine or unite
  • Molasses -  thick dark syrup produced by boiling down juice from sugar cane; especially during sugar refining
  • Molybdenum -  a polyvalent metallic element that resembles chromium and tungsten in its properties; used to strengthen and harden steel
  • Monolith -  a single great stone (often in the form of a column or obelisk)
  • Monroe -  a town in north central Louisiana; a town of southeast Michigan on Lake Erie; 5th President of the United States; author of the Monroe Doctrine (1758-1831); United States film actress noted for sex appeal (1926-1962)
  • Monte Carlo -  a town and popular resort in the principality of Monaco; famous for its gambling casino
  • Montreal -  a city in southern Quebec province on the Saint Lawrence River; the largest city in Quebec and 2nd largest in Canada; the 2nd largest French-speaking city in the world
  • Moo -  the sound made by a cow or bull; verb make a low noise, characteristic of bovines
  • Moore -  British sculptor whose works are monumental organic forms (1898-1986); United States poet noted for irony and wit (1887-1872); Irish poet who wrote nostalgic and patriotic verse (1779-1852); English philosopher (1873-1958); English actor and comedian who appeared on television and in films (born in 1935); United States composer of works noted for their use of the American vernacular (1893-1969)
  • Morchella -  genus of edible fungi: morel
  • Motor -  causing or able to cause motion; conveying information to the muscles from the CNS;  machine that converts other forms of energy into mechanical energy and so imparts motion; a nonspecific agent that imparts motion; verb travel or be transported in a vehicle
  • Moussaka -  casserole of eggplant and ground lamb with onion and tomatoes bound with white sauce and beaten eggs
  • Mozzarella -  mild white Italian cheese
  • Muffin -  a sweet quick bread baked in a cup-shaped pan
  • Muhammad -  leader of Black Muslims who campaigned for independence for Black Americans (1897-1975); the Arab prophet who, according to Islam, was the last messenger of Allah (570-632)
  • Mulled wine -  wine heated with sugar and spices and often citrus fruit
  • Multivitamin -  a pill or tablet containing several vitamins
  • Murray -  an southeast Australian river; flows westward and then south into the Indian Ocean at Adelaide; Scottish philologist and the lexicographer who shaped the Oxford English Dictionary (1837-1915); British classical scholar (born in Australia) who advocated the League of Nations and the United Nations (1866-1957)
  • Mush -  a journey by dogsled; cornmeal boiled in water; an expression that is excessively sweet and sentimental; any soft or soggy mass; verb drive (a team of dogs or a dogsled); travel with a dogsled
  • Music -  musical activity (singing or whistling etc.); punishment for one's actions; any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds; (music) the sounds produced by singers or musical instruments (or reproductions of such sounds); an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
  • Mustard -  leaves eaten as cooked greens; pungent powder or paste prepared from ground mustard seeds; any of several cruciferous plants of the genus Brassica
  • Mycenaean -  of or relating to or characteristic of ancient Mycenae or its inhabitants
  • Mycotoxin -  a toxin produced by a fungus
  • Mythology -  the study of myths; myths collectively; the body of stories associated with a culture or institution or person
  • Nabob -  a wealthy man (especially one who made his fortune in the Orient); a governor in India during the Mogul empire
  • Nail-biting -  (of a situation) characterized by or causing suspense
  • Nantucket -  an island resort off Cape Cod; formerly a center of the whaling industry
  • Napkin ring -  a circular band used to hold a particular person's napkin
  • Napkin -  a small piece of table linen that is used to wipe the mouth and to cover the lap in order to protect clothing; garment consisting of a folded cloth drawn up between the legs and fastened at the waist; worn by infants to catch excrement
  • National -  concerned with or applicable to or belonging to an entire nation or country; limited to or in the interests of a particular nation; owned or maintained for the public by the national government; of or relating to or belonging to a nation or country; of or relating to nationality; characteristic of or peculiar to the people of a nation; inside the country;  a person who owes allegiance to that nation
  • Naturism -  going without clothes as a social practice
  • Naturopathy -  a method of treating disease using food and exercise and heat to assist the natural healing process
  • Near beer -  drink that resembles beer but with less than 1/2 percent alcohol
  • Nectar -  fruit juice especially when undiluted; a sweet liquid secretion that is attractive to pollinators; (classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods; mortals who ate it became immortal
  • Needs -  in such a manner as could not be otherwise
  • Nelumbo lutea -  water lily of eastern North America having pale yellow blossoms and edible globular nutlike seeds
  • Neophobia -  a morbid fear of novelty
  • New Brunswick -  a province in southeastern Canada; a university town in central New Jersey
  • New World -  of or relating to the New World;  the hemisphere that includes North America and South America
  • New York -  a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the British colonies that formed the United States; the largest city in New York State and in the United States; located in southeastern New York at the mouth of the Hudson river; a major financial and cultural center
  • New Zealand -  North Island and South Island and adjacent small islands in the South Pacific; an independent country within the British Commonwealth; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1907; known for sheep and spectacular scenery
  • Niacin -  a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract
  • Nightcap -  the final game of a double header; a cloth cap worn in bed; an alcoholic drink taken at bedtime; often alcoholic
  • Nightclub -  a spot that is open late at night and that provides entertainment (as singers or dancers) as well as dancing and food and drink
  • Nightlife -  the activity of people seeking nighttime diversion (as at the theater, a nightclub, etc.); the entertainment available to people seeking nighttime diversion
  • Nimrod -  (Old Testament) a famous hunter
  • Nippy -  a sharp biting taste; pleasantly cold and invigorating
  • Nitrate -  any compound containing the nitrate group (such as a salt or ester of nitric acid); verb treat with nitric acid, so as to change an organic compound into a nitrate
  • Nitrite -  the radical -NO2 or any compound containing it (such as a salt or ester of nitrous acid)
  • No-Frills -  characterized by the absence of inessential features
  • Noachian -  of or relating to Noah or his time
  • Noble -  having or showing or indicative of high or elevated character; of or belonging to or constituting the hereditary aristocracy especially as derived from feudal times; inert especially toward oxygen; impressive in appearance;  a titled peer of the realm
  • Noodle -  a ribbonlike strip of pasta; informal terms for a human head
  • North America -  the nations of the North American continent collectively; a continent (the third largest) in the western hemisphere connected to South America by the Isthmus of Panama
  • North Carolina -  a state in southeastern United States; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the British colonies that formed the United States
  • Northern Spy -  large late-ripening apple with skin striped with yellow and red
  • Northern -  situated in or coming from regions of the north; in or characteristic of a region of the United States north of (approximately) the Mason-Dixon line; coming from the north; used especially of wind; situated in or oriented toward the north;  a dialect of Middle English that developed into Scottish Lallans
  • Nougat -  nuts or fruit pieces in a sugar paste
  • Nuphar advena -  common water lily of eastern and central North America, having broad leaves and globe-shaped yellow flowers; in sluggish fresh or slightly brackish water
  • Nut butter -  ground nuts blended with a little butter
  • Nut -  a small (usually square or hexagonal) metal block with internal screw thread to be fitted onto a bolt; Egyptian goddess of the sky; usually large hard-shelled seed; one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens; someone who is so ardently devoted to something that it resembles an addiction; a whimsically eccentric person; half the width of an em; verb gather nuts
  • Nutrient -  of or providing nourishment;  any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
  • Nutrition -  the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans); (physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance; a source of materials to nourish the body
  • Nutritionist -  a specialist in the study of nutrition
  • Oatcake -  thin flat unleavened cake of baked oatmeal
  • Oatmeal -  meal made from rolled or ground oats; porridge made of rolled oats
  • Obesity -  more than average fatness
  • Oceania -  a large group of islands in the south Pacific including Melanesia and Micronesia and Polynesia (and sometimes Australasia and the Malay Archipelago)
  • Oct -  the month following September and preceding November
  • Octopus -  bottom-living cephalopod having a soft oval body with eight long tentacles; tentacles of octopus prepared as food
  • Oenomel -  wine mixed with honey
  • Offal -  viscera and trimmings of a butchered animal often considered inedible by humans
  • Oil paint -  paint in which a drying oil is the vehicle
  • Oink -  the short low gruff noise of the kind made by hogs; verb utter a high-pitched cry, characteristic of pigs
  • Oleoresin -  a naturally occurring mixture of a resin and an essential oil; obtained from certain plants
  • Olive oil -  oil from olives
  • Olla -  leaf or strip from a leaf of the talipot palm used in India for writing paper
  • Omelette -  beaten eggs or an egg mixture cooked until just set; may be folded around e.g. ham or cheese or jelly
  • On the Go -  (of a person) very busy and active
  • On the fly -  on the run or in a hurry
  • Onion roll -  yeast-raised roll flavored with onion
  • Onion -  an aromatic flavorful bulb; bulbous plant having hollow leaves cultivated worldwide for its rounded edible bulb; edible bulb of an onion plant
  • Opal -  a translucent mineral consisting of hydrated silica of variable color; some varieties are used as gemstones
  • Open sandwich -  sandwich without a covering slice of bread
  • Opera -  a building where musical dramas are performed; a commercial browser; a drama set to music; consists of singing with orchestral accompaniment and an orchestral overture and interludes
  • Oporto -  port city in northwest Portugal; noted for port wine
  • Orange juice -  bottled or freshly squeezed juice of oranges
  • Orange -  of the color between red and yellow; similar to the color of a ripe orange;  orange color or pigment; any of a range of colors between red and yellow; round yellow to orange fruit of any of several citrus trees; a river in South Africa that flows generally westward to the Atlantic Ocean; any citrus tree bearing oranges; any pigment producing the orange color
  • Orbit -  the (usually elliptical) path described by one celestial body in its revolution about another; the path of an electron around the nucleus of an atom; an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control: "the range of a supersonic jet"; the bony cavity in the skull containing the eyeball; a particular environment or walk of life; verb move in an orbit
  • Orbiter -  man-made equipment that orbits around the earth or the moon
  • Oregano -  aromatic Eurasian perennial; pungent leaves used as seasoning with meats and fowl and in stews and soups and omelets
  • Oregon -  a state in northwestern United States on the Pacific
  • Oriental -  denoting or characteristic of the biogeographic region including southern Asia and the Malay Archipelago as far as the Philippines and Borneo and Java;  a member of an Oriental race; the term is regarded as offensive by Asians (especially by Asian Americans)
  • Orzo -  pasta shaped like pearls of barley; frequently prepared with lamb in Greek cuisine
  • Other -  very unusual; different in character or quality from the normal or expected; recently past; not the same one or ones already mentioned or implied; belonging to the distant past
  • Otterhound -  hardy British hound having long pendulous ears and a thick coarse shaggy coat with an oily undercoat; bred for hunting otters
  • Ottoman -  of or relating to the Ottoman Empire or its people or its culture;  thick cushion used as a seat; the Turkish dynasty that ruled the Ottoman Empire from the 13th century to its dissolution after World War I; a Turk (especially a Turk who is a member of the tribe of Osman I); a low seat or a stool to rest the feet of a seated person
  • Ouzo -  a Greek liquor flavored with anise
  • Overeating -  eating to excess (personified as one of the deadly sins)
  • Overweight -  usually describes a large person who is fat but has a large frame to carry it;  the property of excessive fatness
  • Oxidoreductase -  an enzyme that catalyzes oxidation-reduction
  • Oyster bar -  a bar (as in a restaurant) that specializes in oysters prepared in different ways
  • Pablum -  a soft form of cereal for infants; worthless or oversimplified ideas
  • Pakistan -  a Muslim republic that occupies the heartland of ancient south Asian civilization in the Indus River valley; formerly part of India; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947
  • Palatability -  acceptability to the mind or feelings; the property of being acceptable to the mouth
  • Pancake -  a flat cake of thin batter fried on both sides on a griddle
  • Panfish -  any of numerous small food fishes; especially those caught with hook and line and not available on the market
  • Pantry -  a small storeroom for storing foods or wines
  • Papain -  a proteolytic enzyme obtained from the unripe papaya; used as a meat tenderizer
  • Paprika -  a mild powdered seasoning made from dried pimientos; plant bearing large mild thick-walled usually bell-shaped fruits; the principal salad peppers
  • Paraffin wax -  from crude petroleum; used for candles and for preservative or waterproof coatings
  • Parasitic worm -  worm that is parasitic on the intestines of vertebrates especially roundworms and tapeworms and flukes
  • Pareve -  containing no meat or milk (or their derivatives) and thus eatable with both meat and dairy dishes according to the dietary laws of Judaism
  • Paris -  the capital and largest city of France; and international center of culture and commerce; a town in northeastern Texas; (Greek mythology) the prince of Troy who abducted Helen from her husband Menelaus and provoked the Trojan War; sometimes placed in subfamily Trilliaceae
  • Parker -  United States writer noted for her sharp wit (1893-1967); United States saxophonist and leader of the bop style of jazz (1920-1955)
  • Parlour -  a room in a private house or establishment where people can sit and talk and relax; reception room in an inn or club where visitors can be received
  • Parsi -  a member of a monotheistic sect of Zoroastrian origin; descended from the Persians; now found in western India
  • Parsley -  aromatic herb with flat or crinkly leaves that are cut finely and used to garnish food; annual or perennial herb with aromatic leaves
  • Paste -  an adhesive made from water and flour or starch; used on paper and paperboard; any mixture of a soft and malleable consistency; a tasty mixture to be spread on bread or crackers; verb cover the surface of; hit with the fists; join or attach with or as if with glue
  • Pasteurization -  partial sterilization of foods at a temperature that destroys harmful microorganisms without major changes in the chemistry of the food
  • Pastil -  a medicated lozenge used to soothe the throat
  • Pastille -  a medicated lozenge used to soothe the throat
  • Pastrami -  highly seasoned cut of smoked beef
  • Pastry -  any of various baked foods made of dough or batter; a dough of flour and water and shortening
  • Pasty -  resembling paste in color; pallid; having the sticky properties of an adhesive;  (usually used in the plural) one of a pair of adhesive patches worn to cover the nipples of exotic dancers and striptease performers; small meat pie or turnover
  • Pat -  exactly suited to the occasion; having only superficial plausibility;  completely or perfectly;  the sound made by a gentle blow; a light touch or stroke; verb hit lightly; pat or squeeze fondly or playfully, especially under the chin
  • Patty -  round flat candy; small pie or pasty; small flat mass of chopped food
  • PayDay -  the day on which you receive pay for your work
  • Peach Melba -  ice cream and peaches with a liqueur
  • Peanut Brittle -  brittle containing peanuts
  • Peanut butter -  a spread made from ground peanuts
  • Peanut -  of little importance or influence or power; of minor status;  pod of the peanut vine containing usually 2 nuts or seeds; `groundnut' and `monkey nut' are British terms; a young child who is small for his age; widely cultivated American plant cultivated in tropical and warm regions; showy yellow flowers on stalks that bend over to the soil so that seed pods ripen underground; underground pod of the peanut vine
  • Pear-shaped -  having a round shape tapered at one end; (of sounds) full and rich
  • Pearl barley -  barley ground into small round pellets
  • Pearmain -  any of several varieties of apples with red skins
  • Pease pudding -  a pudding made with strained split peas mixed with egg
  • Pectin -  any of various water-soluble colloidal carbohydrates that occur in ripe fruit and vegetables; used in making fruit jellies and jams
  • Pennsylvania -  a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the British colonies that formed the United States; a university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Penuche -  fudge made with brown sugar and butter and milk and nuts
  • People -  (plural) any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively; members of a family line; the body of citizens of a state or country; the common people generally; verb fill with people or supply with inhabitants; furnish with people
  • Pep -  liveliness and energy
  • Pepsi -  Pepsi Cola is a trademarked cola
  • Persian -  of or relating to Iran or its people or language or culture;  the language of Persia (Iran) in any of its ancient forms; a native or inhabitant of Iran
  • Pesto -  a sauce typically served with pasta; contains crushed basil leaves and garlic and pine nuts and Parmesan cheese in olive oil
  • Philadelphia -  the largest city in Pennsylvania; located in the southeastern part of the state on the Delaware river; site of Independence Hall where the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were signed; site of the University of Pennsylvania
  • Philip II -  king of Spain and Portugal and husband of Mary I; he supported the Counter Reformation and sent the Spanish Armada to invade England (1527-1598); king of ancient Macedonia and father of Alexander the Great (382-336 BC); son of Louis VII whose reign as king of France saw wars with the English that regained control of Normandy and Anjou and most of Poitou (1165-1223)
  • Philippines -  an archipelago in the southwestern Pacific including some 7000 islands; a republic on the Philippine Islands; achieved independence from the United States in 1946
  • Phobos -  the larger of the two satellites of Mars
  • Phosphorus -  a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells; is highly reactive and occurs in several allotropic forms; a planet (usually Venus) seen just before sunrise in the eastern sky
  • Photosynthesis -  synthesis of compounds with the aid of radiant energy (especially in plants)
  • Phragmites -  reeds of marshes and riversides in tropical or temperate regions
  • Phylum -  (biology) the major taxonomic group of animals and plants; contains classes; (linguistics) a large group of languages that are historically related
  • Pica -  magpies; eating earth or clay or chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes or sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency; a linear unit (1/6 inch) used in printing
  • Pickaxe -  a heavy iron tool with a wooden handle and a curved head that is pointed on both ends
  • Pierre -  capital of the state of South Dakota; located in central South Dakota on the Missouri river
  • Pilaf -  rice cooked in well-seasoned broth with onions or celery and usually poultry or game or shellfish and sometimes tomatoes
  • Pine tar -  a dark viscous substance obtained from the destructive distillation of pine wood
  • Pink Lady -  a cocktail made of gin and brandy with lemon juice and grenadine shaken with an egg white and ice
  • Pinole -  meal made of finely ground corn mixed with sugar and spices
  • Pinus mugo -  low shrubby pine of central Europe with short bright green needles in bunches of two
  • Pioneer -  one the first colonists or settler in a new territory; someone who helps to open up a new line of research or technology or art; verb open up and explore a new area; open up an area or prepare a way; take the lead or initiative in; participate in the development of
  • Pirozhki -  small fruit or meat turnover baked or fried
  • Pistachio -  nut of Mediterranean trees having an edible green kernel; small tree of southern Europe and Asia Minor bearing small hard-shelled nuts
  • Pisum -  small genus of variable annual Eurasian vines: peas
  • Pita -  usually small round bread that can open into a pocket for filling
  • Pitchfork -  a long-handled hand tool with sharp widely spaced prongs for lifting and pitching hay; verb lift with a pitchfork
  • Pizza -  Italian open pie made of thin bread dough spread with a spiced mixture of e.g. tomato sauce and cheese
  • Plantsman -  an expert in the science of cultivating plants (fruit or flowers or vegetables or ornamental plants)
  • Plastic wrap -  wrapping consisting of a very thin transparent sheet of plastic
  • Plato -  ancient Athenian philosopher; pupil of Socrates; teacher of Aristotle (428-347 BC)
  • Platter -  a large shallow dish used for serving food; sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a phonograph needle tracks in the groove
  • Please -  used in polite request; verb give pleasure to or be pleasing to; give satisfaction; be the will of or have the will (to)
  • Plenty -  as much as necessary;  a full supply; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent
  • Plough -  a farm tool having one or more heavy blades to break the soil and cut a furrow prior to sowing; a group of seven bright stars in the constellation Ursa Major; verb to break and turn over earth especially with a plow; move in a way resembling that of a plow cutting into or going through the soil
  • Plus -  involving advantage or good; on the positive side or higher end of a scale;  the arithmetic operation of summing; calculating the sum of two or more numbers; a useful or valuable quality
  • Poaching -  cooking in simmering liquid
  • Pocketknife -  a knife with a blade that folds into the handle; suitable for carrying in the pocket
  • Poi -  Hawaiian dish of taro root pounded to a paste and often allowed to ferment
  • Polar -  having a pair of equal and opposite charges; of or existing at or near a geographical pole or within the Arctic or Antarctic Circles; located at or near or coming from the earth's poles; being of crucial importance; extremely cold; characterized by opposite extremes; completely opposed
  • Polenta -  a thick mush made of cornmeal boiled in stock or water
  • Polish -  of or relating to Poland or its people or culture;  the property of being smooth and shiny; the Slavic language of Poland; a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality; a preparation used in polishing; verb bring to a highly developed, finished, or refined state; improve or perfect by pruning or polishing; make (a surface) shine
  • Pollination -  transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of a plant
  • Polo -  a game similar to field hockey but played on horseback using long-handled mallets and a wooden ball; Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324)
  • Polydipsia -  excessive thirst (as in cases of diabetes or kidney dysfunction)
  • Polygonatum -  sometimes placed in subfamily Convallariaceae
  • Pom -  a disparaging term for English immigrants to Australia or New Zealand
  • Pome -  a fleshy fruit (apple or pear or related fruits) having seed chambers and an outer fleshy part
  • Pomegranate -  large globular fruit having many seeds with juicy red pulp in a tough brownish-red rind; shrub or small tree native to southwestern Asia having large red many-seeded fruit
  • Popcorn -  small kernels of corn exploded by heat; corn having small ears and kernels that burst when exposed to dry heat
  • Poplar -  any of numerous trees of north temperate regions having light soft wood and flowers borne in catkins; soft light-colored nondurable wood of the poplar
  • Popover -  light hollow muffin made of a puff batter (individual Yorkshire pudding) baked in a deep muffin cup
  • Poppy seed -  small grey seed of a poppy flower; used whole or ground in baked items
  • Poppycock -  senseless talk
  • Pork and beans -  dried beans cooked with pork and tomato sauce
  • Pork barrel -  a legislative appropriation designed to ingratiate legislators with their constituents
  • Pork -  meat from a domestic hog or pig; a legislative appropriation designed to ingratiate legislators with their constituents
  • Porphyra -  a genus of protoctist
  • Porridge -  soft food made by boiling oatmeal or other meal or legumes in water or milk until thick
  • Porringer -  a shallow metal bowl (usually with a handle) from which children eat
  • Posset -  sweet spiced hot milk curdled with ale or beer
  • Postum -  trade mark for a coffee substitute invented by C. W. Post and made with chicory and roasted grains
  • Potassium -  a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • Potato chip -  a thin crisp slice of potato fried in deep fat
  • Potato salad -  any of various salads having chopped potatoes as the base
  • Potato -  an edible tuber native to South America; a staple food of Ireland; annual native to South America having underground stolons bearing edible starchy tubers; widely cultivated as a garden vegetable; vines are poisonous
  • Potluck -  whatever happens to be available especially when offered to an unexpected guest or when brought by guests and shared by all
  • Pottage -  a stew of vegetables and (sometimes) meat; thick (often creamy) soup
  • Poultry -  flesh of chickens or turkeys or ducks or geese raised for food; a domesticated gallinaceous bird thought to be descended from the red jungle fowl
  • Pounce -  the act of pouncing; verb move down on as if in an attack
  • Powdered sugar -  sugar granulated into a fine powder
  • Praline -  cookie-sized candy made of brown sugar and butter and pecans
  • Predation -  the act of preying by a predator who kills and eats the prey; an act of plundering and pillaging and marauding
  • Premises -  land and the buildings on it
  • Premium -  having or reflecting superior quality or value;  payment for insurance; the amount that something in scarce supply is valued above its nominal value; payment or reward (especially from a government) for acts such as catching criminals or killing predatory animals or enlisting in the military; a fee charged for exchanging currencies
  • Preservative -  tending or having the power to preserve;  a chemical compound that is added to protect against decay or decomposition
  • Presto -  (of tempo) very fast;  suddenly; at a very fast tempo (faster than allegro)
  • Pretzel -  glazed and salted cracker typically in the shape of a loose knot
  • Priest -  a clergyman in Christian churches who has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites; one of the Holy Orders; a person who performs religious duties and ceremonies in a non-Christian religion
  • Prima -  indicating the most important performer or role;  used primarily as eating apples
  • Primula -  any of numerous short-stemmed plants of the genus Primula having tufted basal leaves and showy flowers clustered in umbels or heads
  • Prior -  earlier in time;  the head of a religious order; in an abbey the prior is next below the abbot
  • Pristine -  immaculately clean and unused; completely free from dirt or contamination
  • Produce -  fresh fruits and vegetable grown for the market; verb create or manufacture a man-made product; bring forth or yield; cause to happen, occur or exist; bring out for display; bring onto the market or release; come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes); cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques
  • Product -  an artifact that has been created by someone or some process; a quantity obtained by multiplication; a consequence of someone's efforts or of a particular set of circumstances; a chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction; commodities offered for sale; the set of elements common to two or more sets
  • Professional -  engaged in a profession or engaging in as a profession or means of livelihood; characteristic of or befitting a profession or one engaged in a profession; engaged in by members of a profession; of or relating to a profession; of or relating to or suitable as a profession;  a person engaged in one of the learned professions; an athlete who plays for pay; an authority qualified to teach apprentices
  • Property -  any movable articles or objects used on the set of a play or movie; a basic or essential attribute shared by all members of a class; a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished; something owned; any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone; any area set aside for a particular purpose
  • Proserpine -  goddess of the underworld; counterpart of Greek Persephone
  • Protein -  any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes
  • Proximate -  very close in space or time; closest in degree or order (space or time) especially in a chain of causes and effects
  • Pseudoscience -  an activity resembling science but based on fallacious assumptions
  • Psilocin -  a hallucinogenic compound obtained from a mushroom
  • Psilocybin -  a hallucinogenic compound obtained from a mushroom
  • Puffball -  any of various fungi of the family Lycoperdaceae whose round fruiting body discharges a cloud of spores when mature; any of various fungi of the genus Scleroderma having hard-skinned subterranean fruiting bodies resembling truffles
  • Pulp -  the soft inner part of a tooth; an inexpensive magazine printed on poor quality paper; any soft or soggy mass; a soft moist part of a fruit; a mixture of cellulose fibers; verb reduce to pulp; remove the pulp from, as from a fruit
  • Pulque -  fermented Mexican drink from juice of various agave plants especially the maguey
  • Pumpernickel -  bread made of coarse rye flour
  • Pumpkin -  usually large pulpy deep-yellow round fruit of the squash family maturing in late summer or early autumn; a coarse vine widely cultivated for its large pulpy round orange fruit with firm orange skin and numerous seeds; subspecies of Cucurbita pepo include the summer squashes and a few autumn squashes
  • Punch -  (boxing) a blow with the fist; a tool for making holes or indentations; an iced mixed drink usually containing alcohol and prepared for multiple servings; normally served in a punch bowl; verb deliver a quick blow to; make a hole into or between, as for ease of separation; drive forcibly as if by a punch
  • Pungency -  a strong odor or taste property; wit having a sharp and caustic quality
  • Puppy chow -  food especially prepared for puppies
  • Putrefaction -  a state of decay usually accompanied by an offensive odor; moral perversion; impairment of virtue and moral principles; (biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal action
  • Pyridoxamine -  a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch
  • Pyridoxine -  a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch
  • Qibla -  a small terrorist group of Muslims in South Africa formed in the 1980s; was inspired by Ayatollah Khomeini to create an Islamic state in South Africa; the direction of the Kaaba toward which Muslims turn for their daily prayers
  • Quackery -  medical practice and advice based on observation and experience in ignorance of scientific findings; the dishonesty of a charlatan
  • Quark -  (physics) hypothetical truly fundamental particle in mesons and baryons; there are supposed to be six flavors of quarks (and their antiquarks), which come in pairs; each has an electric charge of +2/3 or -1/3; fresh unripened cheese of a smooth texture made from pasteurized milk, a starter, and rennet
  • Quarters -  housing available for people to live in
  • Quickie -  hurried repair
  • Quiver -  case for holding arrows; the act of vibrating; an almost pleasurable sensation of fright; a shaky motion; verb shake with fast, tremulous movements; move back and forth very rapidly; move with or as if with a regular alternating motion
  • Quodlibet -  an issue that is presented for formal disputation
  • RaceWay -  a canal for a current of water; a course over which races are run
  • Rachel -  (Old Testament) the second wife of Jacob and mother of Joseph and Benjamin
  • Racking -  causing great physical or mental suffering
  • Raisin Bran -  bran flakes with raisins
  • Raisin -  dried grape
  • Rake -  a long-handled tool with a row of teeth at its head; used to move leaves or loosen soil; a dissolute man in fashionable society; degree of deviation from a horizontal plane; verb gather with a rake; level or smooth with a rake; move through with or as if with a rake; sweep the length of; scrape gently; examine hastily
  • Rat-catcher -  a workman employed to destroy or drive away vermin
  • Ravioli -  small circular or square cases of dough with savory fillings
  • Raw meat -  uncooked meat
  • Real IRA -  a radical terrorist group that broke away in 1997 when the mainstream Provisional IRA proposed a cease-fire; has continued terrorist activities in opposition to any peace agreement
  • Recipe -  directions for making something
  • Red Delicious -  a sweet eating apple with bright red skin; most widely grown apple worldwide
  • Red herring -  any diversion intended to distract attention from the main issue; a dried and smoked herring having a reddish color; a first draft of a prospectus; must be clearly marked to indicate that parts may be changed in the final prospectus
  • Red meat -  meat that is dark in color before cooking (as beef, venison, lamb, mutton)
  • Red pepper -  very hot red peppers; usually long and thin; some very small; ground pods and seeds of pungent red peppers of the genus Capsicum
  • Reductase -  an enzyme that catalyses the biochemical reduction of some specified substance
  • Reduction -  the act of reducing complexity; any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent; the act of decreasing or reducing something
  • Refractometer -  measuring instrument for measuring the refractive index of a substance
  • Refrigeration -  deliberately lowering the body's temperature for therapeutic purposes; the process of cooling or freezing (e.g., food) for preservative purposes
  • Refrigerator -  white goods in which food can be stored at low temperatures
  • Regional -  related or limited to a particular region; characteristic of a region
  • Regurgitation -  recall after rote memorization; backflow of blood through a defective heart valve; the reflex act of ejecting the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • Related -  connected by kinship, common origin, or marriage; being connected either logically or causally or by shared characteristics; having close kinship and appropriateness; similar or related in quality or character
  • Relay -  the act of passing something along from one person or group to another; electrical device such that current flowing through it in one circuit can switch on and off a current in a second circuit; a fresh team to relieve weary draft animals; a crew of workers who relieve another crew; verb pass along; control or operate by relay
  • Relish -  the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth; spicy or savory condiment; vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment; verb derive or receive pleasure from; get enjoyment from; take pleasure in
  • Reload - verb place a new load on; load anew with ammunition, "She reloaded the gun carefully"
  • Rembrandt -  influential Dutch artist (1606-1669)
  • Remorse -  a feeling of deep regret (usually for some misdeed)
  • Renin -  a proteolytic enzyme secreted by the kidneys; catalyzes the formation of angiotensin and thus affects blood pressure
  • Rennet -  a substance that curdles milk in making cheese and junket
  • Repentance -  remorse for your past conduct
  • Restaurant -  a building where people go to eat
  • Retinol -  an unsaturated alcohol that occurs in marine fish-liver oils and is synthesized biologically from carotene
  • Retriever -  a dog with heavy water-resistant coat that can be trained to retrieve game
  • Retsina -  Greek wine flavored with resin
  • Reuben -  a hot sandwich with corned beef and Swiss cheese and sauerkraut on rye bread; (Old Testment) a son of Jacob and forefather of one of the tribes of Israel
  • Rhizobiaceae -  a small family of rod-shaped bacteria
  • Ribes -  a flowering shrub bearing currants or gooseberries; native to northern hemisphere
  • Riboflavin -  a B vitamin that prevents skin lesions and weight loss
  • Ribonuclease -  a transferase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ribonucleic acid
  • Rice paper -  a thin delicate material resembling paper; made from the rice-paper tree
  • Rice -  grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished; United States playwright (1892-1967); English lyricist who frequently worked with Andrew Lloyd Webber (born in 1944); annual or perennial rhizomatous marsh grasses; seed used for food; straw used for paper; verb sieve so that it becomes the consistency of rice
  • Ricotta -  soft Italian cheese like cottage cheese
  • Riddle -  a coarse sieve (as for gravel); a difficult problem; verb set a difficult problem or riddle; explain a riddle; speak in riddles; pierce with many holes; separate with a riddle, as grain from chaff; spread or diffuse through
  • Rifle -  a shoulder firearm with a long barrel and a rifled bore; verb go through in search of something; search through someone's belongings in an unauthorized way; steal goods; take as spoils
  • Rings -  gymnastic apparatus consisting of a pair of heavy metal circles (usually covered with leather) suspended by ropes; used for gymnastic exercises
  • Ripper -  a murderer who slashes the victims with a knife
  • Rissole -  minced cooked meat or fish coated in egg and breadcrumbs and fried in deep fat
  • Roadkill -  the dead body of an animal that has been killed on a road by a vehicle
  • Roasting -  cooking (meat) by dry heat in an oven (usually with fat added)
  • Rock candy -  sugar in large hard clear crystals on a string; hard bright-colored stick candy (typically flavored with peppermint)
  • Rolled oats -  meal made from rolled or ground oats
  • Rolling pin -  utensil consisting of a cylinder (usually of wood) with a handle at each end; used to roll out dough
  • Rome -  the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church; capital and largest city of Italy; on the Tiber; seat of the Roman Catholic Church; formerly the capital of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire
  • Roof garden -  a garden on a flat roof of a building
  • Root cellar -  an excavation where root vegetables are stored
  • Roquefort -  French blue cheese
  • Rose oil -  a volatile fragrant oil obtained from fresh roses by steam distillation
  • Rose water -  perfume consisting of water scented with oil of roses
  • Rosh Hashanah -  (Judaism) a solemn Jewish feast day celebrated on the 1st or 1st and 2nd of Tishri; noted for the blowing of the shofar
  • Rotisserie -  a restaurant that specializes in roasted and barbecued meats; an oven or broiler equipped with a rotating spit on which meat cooks as it turns
  • Rough fish -  any fish useless for food or sport or even as bait
  • Roulade -  (music) an elaborate run of several notes sung to one syllable; a dish consisting of a slice of meat that is rolled around a filling and cooked
  • Roux -  a mixture of fat and flour heated and used as a basis for sauces
  • Rover -  an adult member of the Boy Scouts movement; someone who leads a wandering unsettled life
  • Royal jelly -  a secretion of the pharyngeal glands of bees that is fed to very young larvae and to bees destined to be queens
  • Rubens -  prolific Flemish baroque painter; knighted by the English king Charles I (1577-1640)
  • Rugelach -  pastry made with a cream cheese dough and different fillings (as raisins and walnuts and cinnamon or chocolate and walnut and apricot preserves)
  • Rum baba -  a baba soaked in rum
  • Rye Bread -  any of various breads made entirely or partly with rye flour
  • Safari -  an overland journey by hunters (especially in Africa)
  • Saffron -  dried pungent stigmas of the Old World saffron crocus; Old World crocus having purple or white flowers with aromatic pungent orange stigmas used in flavoring food; a shade of yellow tinged with orange
  • Sagittaria -  genus of aquatic herbs of temperate and tropical regions having sagittate or hastate leaves and white scapose flowers
  • Sago -  powdery starch from certain sago palms; used in Asia as a food thickener and textile stiffener
  • Saguaro -  extremely large treelike cactus of desert regions of southwestern United States having a thick columnar sparsely branched trunk bearing white flowers and edible red pulpy fruit
  • Saint Peter -  disciple of Jesus and leader of the apostles; regarded by Catholics as the vicar of Christ on earth and first Pope
  • Sake -  a reason for wanting something done; the purpose of achieving or obtaining; Japanese alcoholic beverage made from fermented rice; usually served hot
  • Salad bar -  a bar where diners can assemble a salad to their own taste
  • Salad bowl -  a large bowl for mixing and serving a salad; a plate or bowl for individual servings of salad
  • Salad cream -  a creamy salad dressing resembling mayonnaise
  • Salad days -  the best time of youth
  • Salad -  food mixtures either arranged on a plate or tossed and served with a moist dressing; usually consisting of or including greens
  • Salami -  highly seasoned fatty sausage of pork and beef usually dried
  • Salat -  the second pillar of Islam is prayer; a prescribed liturgy performed five times a day (preferably in a mosque) and oriented toward Mecca
  • Salmagundi -  cooked meats and eggs and vegetables usually arranged in rows around the plate and dressed with a salad dressing; a collection containing a variety of sorts of things
  • Salmonellosis -  a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
  • Salsa -  spicy sauce of tomatoes and onions and chili peppers to accompany Mexican foods
  • Salt pork -  fat from the back and sides and belly of a hog carcass cured with salt
  • Salted -  (used especially of meats) preserved in salt
  • Salting -  the act of adding salt to food
  • Salver -  a tray (or large plate) for serving food or drinks; usually made of silver
  • Samosa -  small turnover of Indian origin filled with vegetables or meat and fried and served hot
  • Samovar -  a metal urn with a spigot at the base; used in Russia to boil water for tea
  • San Diego -  a picturesque city of southern California on San Diego Bay near the Mexican border; site of an important naval base
  • San Francisco -  a port in western California near the Golden Gate that is one of the major industrial and transportation centers; it has one of the world's finest harbors; site of the Golden Gate Bridge
  • Sana -  the capital and largest city of Yemen; on the central plateau
  • Sandwich -  two (or more) slices of bread with a filling between them; verb insert or squeeze tightly between two people or objects; make into a sandwich
  • Sangria -  sweetened red wine and orange or lemon juice with soda water
  • Santa Claus -  the legendary patron saint of children
  • Sargassum -  brown algae with rounded bladders forming dense floating masses in tropical Atlantic waters as in the Sargasso Sea
  • Sauce -  flavorful relish or dressing or topping served as an accompaniment to food; verb add zest or flavor to, make more interesting; dress (food) with a relish; behave saucy or impudently towards
  • Sauerbraten -  pot roast marinated several days in seasoned vinegar before cooking; usually served with potato dumplings
  • Sauerkraut -  shredded cabbage fermented in brine
  • Sausage roll -  sausage meat rolled and baked in pastry
  • Sausage -  highly seasoned minced meat stuffed in casings; a small nonrigid airship used for observation or as a barrage balloon
  • Savory -  morally respectable or inoffensive; pleasing to the sense of taste; having an agreeably pungent taste;  an aromatic or spicy dish served at the end of dinner or as an hors d'oeuvre; either of two aromatic herbs of the mint family; dwarf aromatic shrub of Mediterranean regions; any of several aromatic herbs or subshrubs of the genus Satureja having spikes of flowers attractive to bees
  • Savoury -  pleasing to the sense of taste; morally respectable or inoffensive; having an agreeably pungent taste;  an aromatic or spicy dish served at the end of dinner or as an hors d'oeuvre; either of two aromatic herbs of the mint family
  • Saw palmetto -  small hardy clump-forming spiny palm of southern United States
  • Saxon -  of or relating to or characteristic of the early Saxons or Anglo-Saxons and their descendents (especially the English or Lowland Scots) and their language;  a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Angles and Jutes to become Anglo-Saxons; dominant in England until the Norman conquest
  • Scalded milk -  milk heated almost to boiling
  • Scalding -  marked by harshly abusive criticism
  • Schilling -  formerly the basic unit of money in Austria
  • Schmaltz -  (Yiddish) excessive sentimentality in art or music
  • Schmidt -  German statesman who served as chancellor of Germany (born in 1918)
  • Scone -  small biscuit (rich with cream and eggs) cut into diamonds or sticks and baked in an oven or (especially originally) on a griddle
  • Scores -  a large number or amount
  • Scotland -  one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; located on the northern part of the island of Great Britain; famous for bagpipes and plaids and kilts
  • Scrapie -  a fatal disease of sheep characterized by chronic itching and loss of muscular control and progressive degeneration of the central nervous system
  • Scraps -  food that is discarded (as from a kitchen)
  • Scum -  a film of impurities or vegetation that can form on the surface of a liquid; worthless people; verb remove the scum from
  • Scurry -  rushing about hastily in an undignified way; verb to move about or proceed hurriedly
  • Scythe -  an edge tool for cutting grass; has a long handle that must be held with both hands and a curved blade that moves parallel to the ground; verb cut with a scythe
  • Sea lettuce -  seaweed with edible translucent crinkly green fronds
  • Seafood -  edible fish (broadly including freshwater fish) or shellfish or roe etc
  • Seamless -  perfectly consistent and coherent; used especially of skin; not having or joined by a seam or seams
  • Seasoning -  the act of adding a seasoning to food; something added to food primarily for the savor it imparts
  • Seaweed -  plant growing in the sea, especially marine algae
  • Seedbed -  a bed where seedlings are grown before transplanting
  • Selenium -  a toxic nonmetallic element related to sulfur and tellurium; occurs in several allotropic forms; a stable grey metallike allotrope conducts electricity better in the light than in the dark and is used in photocells; occurs in sulfide ores (as pyrite)
  • Seltzer -  naturally effervescent mineral water; effervescent beverage artificially charged with carbon dioxide
  • Semolina -  milled product of durum wheat (or other hard wheat) used in pasta
  • Sephardi -  a Jew who is of Spanish or Portuguese or North African descent
  • Sesame oil -  oil obtained from sesame seeds
  • Setter -  a long-haired dog formerly trained to crouch on finding game but now to point; one who sets written material into type
  • Shad -  herring-like food fishes that migrate from the sea to fresh water to spawn; bony flesh of herring-like fish usually caught during their migration to fresh water for spawning; especially of Atlantic coast
  • Shaken -  disturbed psychologically as if by a physical jolt or shock
  • Shasta -  the Shastan language spoken by the Shasta; a volcanic mountain peak in the Cascade Range in northern California (14,162 feet high); a member of the Indian people of northern California and southern Oregon
  • Sheffield -  a steel manufacturing city in northern England famous for its cutlery industry
  • Shelf life -  the length of time a packaged food or drug will last without deteriorating
  • Shellac -  a thin varnish made by dissolving lac in ethanol; used to finish wood; lac purified by heating and filtering; usually in thin orange or yellow flakes but sometimes bleached white; verb cover with shellac
  • Shellfish -  meat of edible aquatic invertebrate with a shell (especially a mollusk or crustacean); invertebrate having a soft unsegmented body usually enclosed in a shell
  • Shigellosis -  an acute infection of the intestine by shigella bacteria; characterized by diarrhea and fever and abdominal pains
  • Shiitake -  edible east Asian mushroom having a golden or dark brown to blackish cap and an inedible stipe
  • Shish kebab -  cubes of meat marinated and cooked on a skewer usually with vegetables
  • Shocking -  giving offense to moral sensibilities and injurious to reputation; glaringly vivid and graphic; marked by sensationalism
  • Shofar -  an ancient musical horn made from the horn of a ram; used in ancient times by the Israelites to sound a warning or a summons; used in synagogues today on solemn occasions
  • Shooter -  (sports) a player who drives or kicks a ball at the goal (or a basketball player who shoots at the basket); a gambler who throws dice in the game of craps; a large marble used for shooting in the game of marbles; a professional killer who uses a gun; a person who shoots (usually with respect to their ability to shoot)
  • Shooting -  the act of firing a projectile; killing someone by gunfire
  • Shop -  a mercantile establishment for the retail sale of goods or services; a course of instruction in a trade (as carpentry or electricity); small workplace where handcrafts or manufacturing are done; verb do one's shopping; shop around; not necessarily buying; give away information about somebody; do one's shopping at; do business with; be a customer or client of
  • Shot glass -  a small glass adequate to hold a single swallow of whiskey
  • Shovel -  a hand tool for lifting loose material; consists of a curved container or scoop and a handle; a fire iron consisting of a small shovel used to scoop coals or ashes in a fireplace; the quantity a shovel can hold; a machine for excavating; verb dig with or as if with a shovel
  • Shrimp -  small slender-bodied chiefly marine decapod crustaceans with a long tail and single pair of pincers; many species are edible; any of various edible decapod crustaceans; disparaging terms for small people; verb fish for shrimp
  • Shrove Tuesday -  the last day before Lent
  • Shrub -  a low woody perennial plant usually having several major branches
  • Sicilian pizza -  pizza made with a thick crust
  • Sickle -  an edge tool for cutting grass or crops; has a curved blade and a short handle
  • Side dish -  a dish that is served with but is subordinate to a main course
  • Sideboard -  a board that forms part of the side of a bed or crib; a removable board fitted on the side of a wagon to increase its capacity; a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers
  • Sideritis -  genus of woolly aromatic herbs or subshrubs or shrubs of Mediterranean region
  • Sikhism -  the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam
  • Sima -  rock that form the continuous lower layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and magnesium
  • Similar -  marked by correspondence or resemblance; (of words) expressing closely related meanings; resembling or similar; having the same or some of the same characteristics; often used in combination; having the same or similar characteristics; capable of replacing or changing places with something else; permitting mutual substitution without loss of function or suitability
  • Simmering -  cooking in a liquid that has been brought to a boil
  • Simon -  United States economist and psychologist who pioneered in the development of cognitive science (1916-2001); United States playwright noted for light comedies (born in 1927); United States singer and songwriter (born in 1942); one of the twelve Apostles (first century)
  • Sirloin -  the portion of the loin (especially of beef) just in front of the rump
  • Skinner -  a person who prepares or deals in animal skins; United States psychologist and a leading proponent of behaviorism (1904-1990); United States actress noted for her one-woman shows (1901-1979); United States actor (1858-1942); a worker who drives mules
  • Slam -  a forceful impact that makes a loud noise; the noise made by the forceful impact of two objects; winning all or all but one of the tricks in bridge; an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect; verb strike violently; throw violently; close violently; dance the slam dance
  • Slaughterhouse -  a building where animals are butchered
  • Slice -  a golf shot that curves to the right for a right-handed golfer; a spatula for spreading paint or ink; a thin flat piece cut off of some object; a share of something; a serving that has been cut from a larger portion; a wound made by cutting; verb hit a ball so that it causes a backspin; cut into slices; hit a ball and put a spin on it so that it travels in a different direction; make a clean cut through
  • Slider -  a fastball that curves slightly away from the side from which it was thrown; freshwater turtle of United States and South America; frequently raised commercially; some young sold as pets; someone who races the luge; a person who slips or slides because of loss of traction
  • Slinger -  a person who uses a sling to throw something
  • Slush -  partially melted snow; verb spill or splash copiously or clumsily; make a splashing sound
  • Smetana -  Czech composer (1824-1884)
  • Smoked salmon -  salmon cured by smoking
  • Smokehouse -  a small house where smoke is used to cure meat or fish
  • Smoking -  emitting smoke in great volume;  the act of smoking tobacco or other substances; a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
  • Smothering -  causing difficulty in breathing especially through lack of fresh air and presence of heat
  • Snack bar -  usually inexpensive bar
  • Snifter -  a globular glass with a small top; used for serving brandy
  • Soda jerk -  someone who works at a soda fountain
  • Soda -  a sweet drink containing carbonated water and flavoring; a sodium salt of carbonic acid; used in making soap powders and glass and paper
  • Sodium nitrite -  nitrite used to preserve and color food especially in meat and fish products; implicated in the formation of suspected carcinogens
  • Sodium -  a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
  • Soft diet -  a diet that does not require chewing; advised for those with intestinal disorders
  • Software -  (computer science) written programs or procedures or rules and associated documentation pertaining to the operation of a computer system and that are stored in read/write memory
  • Soho -  a city district of central London now noted for restaurants and nightclubs; a district in southwestern Manhattan noted for its shops and restaurants and galleries and artist's lofts
  • Soil -  the part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock; the geographical area under the jurisdiction of a sovereign state; material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use); the state of being covered with unclean things; verb make soiled, filthy, or dirty
  • Soma -  personification of a sacred intoxicating drink used in Vedic ritual; leafless East Indian vine; its sour milky juice formerly used to make an intoxicating drink; alternative names for the body of a human being
  • Sommelier -  a waiter who manages wine service in a hotel or restaurant
  • Sorbet -  an ice containing milk
  • Soup kitchen -  a place where food is dispensed to the needy
  • Soup -  liquid food especially of meat or fish or vegetable stock often containing pieces of solid food; an unfortunate situation; any composition having a consistency suggestive of soup; verb dope (a racehorse)
  • Sour cream -  artificially soured light cream
  • Souring -  the process of becoming sour
  • Souse -  pork trimmings chopped and pickled and jelled; the act of making something completely wet; a person who drinks alcohol to excess habitually; verb cook in a marinade; become drunk or drink excessively; cover with liquid; pour liquid onto; immerse briefly into a liquid so as to wet, coat, or saturate
  • South -  situated in or facing or moving toward or coming from the south;  in a southern direction;  any region lying in or toward the south; the region of the United States lying south of the Mason-Dixon line; the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees; the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
  • Southeast -  situated in or oriented toward the southeast; coming from the southeast;  to, toward, or in the southeast;  the southeastern region of the United States; the compass point midway between south and east; at 135 degrees
  • Southern -  situated in or coming from regions of the south; in or characteristic of a region of the United States south of (approximately) the Mason-Dixon line; from the south; used especially of wind; situated in or oriented toward the south
  • Souvlaki -  made of lamb
  • Soy sauce -  thin sauce made of fermented soy beans
  • Soybean meal -  meal made from soybeans
  • Spade -  a sturdy hand shovel that can be pushed into the earth with the foot; a playing card in the major suit that has one or more black figures on it; (ethnic slur) extremely offensive name for a Black person; verb dig (up) with a spade
  • Spain -  a parliamentary monarchy in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; a former colonial power
  • Spam -  unwanted e-mail (usually of a commercial nature sent out in bulk); a canned meat made largely from pork; verb send unwanted or junk e-mail
  • Spaniel -  any of several breeds of small to medium-sized gun dogs with a long silky coat and long frilled ears
  • Spar -  making the motions of attack and defense with the fists and arms; a part of training for a boxer; a stout rounded pole of wood or metal used to support rigging; any of various nonmetallic minerals (calcite or feldspar) that are light in color and transparent or translucent and cleavable; verb fight verbally; box lightly; fight with spurs; furnish with spars
  • Spartan -  resolute in the face of pain or danger or adversity; of or relating to or characteristic of Sparta or its people; practicing great self-denial; unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment;  a resident of Sparta
  • Spear thrower -  a device resembling a sling that is used in various primitive societies to propel a dart or spear
  • Spearmint -  common garden herb having clusters of small purplish flowers and yielding an oil used as a flavoring
  • Special K -  street names for ketamine
  • Speedway -  a racetrack for racing automobiles or motorcycles; road where high speed driving is allowed
  • Sperm oil -  an animal oil found in the blubber of the sperm whale
  • Spice Islands -  a group of island in eastern Indonesia between Celebes and New Guinea; settled by the Portuguese but taken by the Dutch who made them the center for a spice monopoly, at which time they were known as Spice Islands
  • Spicery -  the property of being seasoned with spice and so highly flavored
  • Spile -  a plug used to close a hole in a barrel or flask; a column of wood or steel or concrete that is driven into the ground to provide support for a structure
  • Spinach -  dark green leaves; eaten cooked or raw in salads; southwestern Asian plant widely cultivated for its succulent edible dark green leaves
  • Spirits -  an alcoholic beverage that is distilled rather than fermented
  • Splendour -  the quality of being magnificent or splendid or grand; a quality that outshines the usual
  • Split-pea -  dried hulled pea; used in soup
  • Sponge cake -  a light porous cake made with eggs and flour and sugar without shortening
  • Sport fish -  any fish providing sport for the angler
  • Sprinkles -  bits of sweet chocolate used as a topping on e.g. ice cream
  • Sprite -  a small being, human in form, playful and having magical powers
  • Spruce beer -  a brew made by fermenting molasses and other sugars with the sap of spruce trees (sometimes with malt)
  • Squash -  a game played in an enclosed court by two or four players who strike the ball with long-handled rackets; edible fruit of a squash plant; eaten as a vegetable; any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus Cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits; verb to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition
  • Squirt -  the occurrence of a sudden discharge (as of liquid); someone who is small and insignificant; verb wet with a spurt of liquid; cause to come out in a squirt
  • St John's wort -  any of numerous plants of the genus Hypericum having yellow flowers and transparently dotted leaves; traditionally gathered on St John's eve to ward off evil
  • Stabiliser -  a device for making something stable
  • Stalinism -  a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
  • Stalking-horse -  a horse behind which a hunter hides while stalking game; screen consisting of a figure of a horse behind which a hunter hides while stalking game; a candidate put forward to divide the opposition or to mask the true candidate; something serving to conceal plans; a fictitious reason that is concocted in order to conceal the real reason
  • Starch -  a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles; verb stiffen with starch
  • Starvation -  the act of depriving of food or subjecting to famine; a state of extreme hunger resulting from lack of essential nutrients over a prolonged period
  • Stayman -  apple grown chiefly in the Shenandoah Valley
  • Steak sauce -  pungent bottled sauce for steak
  • Steak tartare -  ground beef mixed with raw egg and e.g. onions and capers and anchovies; eaten raw
  • Steakhouse -  a restaurant that specializes in steaks
  • Steaming -  filled with steam or emitting moisture in the form of vapor or mist;  (used of heat) extremely
  • Stewart -  Scottish philosopher and follower of Thomas Reid (1753-1828); United States film actor who portrayed incorruptible but modest heros (1908-1997)
  • Stewing -  an extreme state of worry and agitation; cooking in a liquid that has been brought to a boil
  • Stilton -  English blue cheese
  • Stirrup cup -  a farewell drink (especially one offered to a horseman ready to depart); usually alcoholic
  • Stock symbol -  the letters used to identify listed companies on the securities exchanges where they are traded
  • Stockfish -  fish cured by being split and air-dried without salt
  • Store -  a supply of something available for future use; an electronic memory device; a mercantile establishment for the retail sale of goods or services; a depository for goods; verb keep or lay aside for future use; find a place for and put away for storage
  • Stork -  large mostly Old World wading birds typically having white-and-black plumage
  • Storm -  a direct and violent assault on a stronghold; a violent weather condition with winds 64-72 knots (11 on the Beaufort scale) and precipitation and thunder and lightening; a violent commotion or disturbance; verb attack by storm; attack suddenly; take by force; blow hard; rain, hail, or snow hard and be very windy, often with thunder or lightning; behave violently, as if in state of a great anger
  • Stout -  euphemisms for `fat'; dependable; having rugged physical strength; inured to fatigue or hardships;  a garment size for a large or heavy person; a strong very dark heavy-bodied ale made from pale malt and roasted unmalted barley and (often) caramel malt with hops
  • Stranded -  with the bottom lodged on a reef or shoal in shallow water; cut off or left behind
  • Stretching -  act of expanding by lengthening or widening; exercise designed to extend the limbs and muscles to their full extent
  • String cheese -  cheese formed in long strings twisted together
  • Striped bass -  marine food and game fish with dark longitudinal stripes; migrates upriver to spawn; sometimes placed in the genus Morone; caught along the Atlantic coast of the United States
  • Stripes -  V-shaped sleeve badge indicating military rank and service
  • Strudel -  thin sheet of filled dough rolled and baked
  • Stuffing -  padding put in mattresses and cushions and upholstered furniture; a mixture of seasoned ingredients used to stuff meats and vegetables
  • Stunning -  strikingly beautiful or attractive; causing or capable of causing bewilderment or shock or insensibility; causing great astonishment and consternation; commanding attention
  • Subclass -  (biology) a taxonomic category below a class and above an order
  • Substrate -  an indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population; any stratum or layer lying underneath another; a surface on which an organism grows or is attached; the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
  • Succotash -  fresh corn and lima beans with butter or cream
  • Sucrose -  a complex carbohydrate found in many plants and used as a sweetening agent
  • Sudan -  a region of northern Africa south of the Sahara and Libyan deserts; extends from the Atlantic to the Red Sea; a republic in northeastern Africa on the Red Sea; achieved independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom in 1956
  • Sufism -  Islamic mysticism
  • Sugar beet -  white-rooted beet grown as a source of sugar; form of the common beet having a sweet white root from which sugar is obtained
  • Sugar refinery -  a refinery for sugar
  • Sugar -  a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative; informal terms for money; an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain; verb sweeten with sugar
  • Sugarcane -  tall tropical southeast Asian grass having stout fibrous jointed stalks; sap is a chief source of sugar; juicy canes whose sap is a source of molasses and commercial sugar; fresh canes are sometimes chewed for the juice
  • Sugarloaf -  a large conical loaf of concentrated refined sugar
  • Sulfur -  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions); verb treat with sulphur in order to preserve
  • Sundowner -  a drink taken at sundown; a tramp who habitually arrives at sundown
  • Sunflower seed -  edible seed of sunflowers; used as food and poultry feed and as a source of oil
  • Sunset -  providing for termination; of a declining industry or technology;  the daily event of the sun sinking below the horizon; atmospheric phenomena accompanying the daily disappearance of the sun; the time in the evening at which the sun begins to fall below the horizon
  • Suntan -  a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun; verb get a tan from being exposed to the sun
  • Supermarket -  a large self-service grocery store selling groceries and dairy products and household goods
  • Superorder -  (biology) a taxonomic group ranking above an order and below a class or subclass
  • Supper -  a light evening meal; served in early evening if dinner is at midday or served late in the evening at bedtime; a social gathering where a light evening meal is served
  • Supreme -  greatest or maximal in degree; extreme; final or last in your life or progress; highest in excellence or achievement; greatest in status or authority or power
  • Sura -  one of the sections (or chapters) in the Koran; the muscular back part of the shank
  • Surf fishing -  casting (artificial) bait far out into the ocean (up to 200 yards) with the waves breaking around you
  • Surge -  a sudden or abrupt strong increase; a large sea wave; a sudden forceful flow; verb see one's performance improve; rise or heave upward under the influence of a natural force such as a wave; rise or move forward; rise rapidly; rise and move, as in waves or billows
  • Surpass - verb be or do something to a greater degree; pass by; go beyond; distinguish oneself
  • Sushi -  rice (with raw fish) wrapped in seaweed
  • Sustainability -  the property of being sustainable
  • Sweating -  being wet with perspiration;  the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid
  • Sweeney Todd -  fictional character in a play by George Pitt; a barber who murdered his customers
  • Sweetbread -  edible glands of an animal
  • Sweetness -  the property of tasting as if it contains sugar; the quality of giving pleasure; a pleasingly sweet olfactory property; the taste experience when sugar dissolves in the mouth
  • Swimming -  applied to a fish depicted horizontally; filled or brimming with tears;  the act of swimming
  • Swiss cheese -  hard pale yellow cheese with many holes from Switzerland
  • Swiss steak -  steak braised in tomato and onion mixture
  • Swizzle stick -  a small stick used to stir mixed drinks
  • Swordfish -  large toothless marine food fish with a long swordlike upper jaw; not completely cold-blooded i.e. they are able to warm their brains and eyes: worldwide in warm waters but feed on cold ocean floor coming to surface at night; flesh of swordfish usually served as steaks
  • Syllabub -  sweetened cream beaten with wine or liquor; spiced hot milk with rum or wine
  • Symphony -  a long and complex sonata for symphony orchestra; a large orchestra; can perform symphonies
  • Symposium -  a meeting or conference for the public discussion of some topic especially one in which the participants form an audience and make presentations
  • Syrup -  a thick sweet sticky liquid
  • TV channel -  a television station and its programs
  • TV dinner -  a meal that is prepared in advance and frozen; can be heated and served
  • Tabbouleh -  a finely chopped salad with tomatoes and parsley and mint and scallions and bulgur wheat
  • Table service -  tableware consisting of a complete set of articles (silver or dishware) for use at table
  • Tablecloth -  a covering spread over a dining table
  • Tableware -  articles for use at the table (dishes and silverware and glassware)
  • Tackle -  (American football) grasping an opposing player with the intention of stopping by throwing to the ground; a position on the line of scrimmage; the person who plays that position on a football team; gear used in fishing; gear consisting of ropes etc. supporting a ship's masts and sails; verb seize and throw down an opponent player, who usually carries the ball; put a harness; accept as a challenge
  • Taco -  a tortilla rolled cupped around a filling; offensive terms for a person of Mexican descent
  • Tagetes erecta -  a stout branching annual with large yellow to orange flower heads; Mexico and Central America
  • Tahini -  a thick Middle Eastern paste made from ground sesame seeds
  • Tallahassee -  capital of the state of Florida; located in northern Florida
  • Tallow -  obtained from suet and used in making soap, candles and lubricants
  • Tamale -  corn and cornmeal dough stuffed with a meat mixture then wrapped in corn husks and steamed; a city in northern Ghana
  • Tankard -  large drinking vessel with one handle
  • Tannin -  any of various complex phenolic substances of plant origin; used in tanning and in medicine
  • Tap water -  water directly from the spigot
  • Tapa -  a paperlike cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark; the thin fibrous bark of the paper mulberry and Pipturus albidus
  • Tapenade -  a spread consisting of capers and black olives and anchovies made into a puree with olive oil
  • Tartar sauce -  mayonnaise with chopped pickles and sometimes capers and shallots and parsley and hard-cooked egg; sauce for seafood especially fried fish
  • Tasse -  one of two pieces of armor plate hanging from the fauld to protect the upper thighs
  • Taste bud -  an oval sensory end organ on the surface of the tongue
  • Tasty -  pleasing to the sense of taste
  • Tate -  United States poet and critic (1899-1979)
  • Tatum -  United States jazz pianist who was almost completely blind; his innovations influenced many other jazz musicians (1910-1956); United States biochemist who discovered how genes act by regulating definite chemical events (1909-1975)
  • Taurine -  of or relating to or resembling a bull;  a colorless crystalline substance obtained from the bile of mammals
  • Taxi -  a car driven by a person whose job is to take passengers where they want to go in exchange for money; verb travel slowly; ride in a taxicab
  • Taxidermy -  the art of mounting the skins of animals so that they have lifelike appearance
  • Taylor -  12th President of the United States; died in office (1784-1850); United States film actress (born in England) who was a childhood star; as an adult she often co-starred with Richard Burton (born in 1932); United States composer and music critic (1885-1966)
  • Tea garden -  a public garden where tea is served
  • Tea party -  a party at which tea is served
  • Tea -  a light midafternoon meal of tea and sandwiches or cakes; dried leaves of the tea shrub; used to make tea; a beverage made by steeping tea leaves in water; a reception or party at which tea is served; a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India; source of tea leaves
  • Teahouse -  a restaurant where tea and light meals are available
  • Technology -  the practical application of science to commerce or industry; the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems
  • Tempera -  pigment mixed with water-soluble glutinous materials such as size and egg yolk
  • Template -  a model or standard for making comparisons
  • Tenderloin -  the tender meat of the loin muscle on each side of the vertebral column; a city district known for its vice and high crime rate
  • Terefah -  not conforming to dietary laws
  • Teriyaki -  beef or chicken or seafood marinated in spicy soy sauce and grilled or broiled
  • Terrier -  any of several usually small short-bodied breeds originally trained to hunt animals living underground
  • Terrine -  a pate or fancy meatloaf baked in an earthenware casserole
  • Tetrazzini -  a pasta dish with cream sauce and mushrooms
  • Texas -  the second largest state; located in southwestern United States on the Gulf of Mexico
  • Thanksgiving -  fourth Thursday in November in the United States; second Monday in October in Canada; commemorates a feast held in 1621 by the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag; a short prayer of thanks before a meal
  • Thermidor -  eleventh month of the Revolutionary calendar (July and August); the month of heat
  • Thiamine -  a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth
  • Thirst -  a physiological need to drink; strong desire for something (not food or drink); verb feel the need to drink; have a craving, appetite, or great desire for
  • Thomas -  the Apostle who would not believe the resurrection of Jesus until he saw Jesus with his own eyes; Welsh poet (1914-1953); a radio broadcast journalist during World War I and World War II noted for his nightly new broadcast (1892-1981); United States socialist who was a candidate for president six times (1884-1968); United States clockmaker who introduced mass production (1785-1859)
  • Threshing -  the separation of grain or seeds from the husks and straw
  • Thyme -  leaves can be used as seasoning for almost any meat and stews and stuffings and vegetables; any of various mints of the genus Thymus
  • Thymol -  a colorless crystalline solid used in perfume or preserving biological specimens or in embalming or medically as a fungicide or antiseptic
  • Tiffin -  a midday meal
  • Timbale -  small pastry shell for creamy mixtures of minced foods; individual serving of minced e.g. meat or fish in a rich creamy sauce baked in a small pastry mold or timbale shell
  • Ting -  a light clear metallic sound as of a small bell; verb make a light, metallic sound; go `ting'; cause to make a ting
  • Tip-Top -  to the highest extent
  • Tipsy cake -  a trifle soaked in wine and decorated with almonds and candied fruit
  • Toast -  slices of bread that have been toasted; a celebrity who receives much acclaim and attention; a drink in honor of or to the health of a person or event; a person in desperate straits; someone doomed; verb propose a toast to; make brown and crisp by heating
  • Toasting -  cooking to a brown crispiness over a fire or on a grill
  • Tocopherol -  a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • Toddy -  a mixed drink made of liquor and water with sugar and spices and served hot
  • Tofu -  cheeselike food made of curdled soybean milk
  • Tom Thumb -  a very small person; an imaginary hero of English folklore who was no taller than his father's thumb
  • Tom and Jerry -  hot rum toddy with a beaten egg
  • Tomalley -  edible greenish substance in boiled lobster
  • Tomato paste -  thick concentrated tomato puree
  • Tomato sauce -  sauce made with a puree of tomatoes (or strained tomatoes) with savory vegetables and other seasonings; can be used on pasta
  • Tomato -  mildly acid red or yellow pulpy fruit eaten as a vegetable; native to South America; widely cultivated in many varieties
  • Topaz -  a mineral (fluosilicate of aluminum) that occurs in crystals of various colors and is used as a gemstone; a yellow quartz; a light brown the color of topaz
  • Toque -  a tall white hat with a pouched crown; worn by chefs; a small round woman's hat
  • Toronto -  the provincial capital and largest city in Ontario (and the largest city in Canada)
  • Tortellini -  small ring-shaped stuffed pasta
  • Tortilla chip -  a small piece of tortilla
  • Tostada -  a crisp flat tortilla; a flat tortilla with various fillings piled on it
  • Total -  constituting the full quantity or extent; complete; complete in extent or degree and in every particular; without conditions or limitations; including everything;  the whole amount; a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers; verb damage beyond the point of repair; determine the sum of; add up in number or quantity
  • Town -  the people living in a municipality smaller than a city; an urban area with a fixed boundary that is smaller than a city; an administrative division of a county
  • Trace element -  an element that occurs at very small quantities in the body but is nonetheless important for many biological processes
  • Tracker -  someone who tracks down game
  • Tracking -  the pursuit (of a person or animal) by following tracks or marks they left behind
  • Tragacanth -  a gum used in pharmacy, adhesives, and textile printing
  • Transferase -  any of various enzymes that move a chemical group from one compound to another compound
  • Trapping -  stable gear consisting of a decorated covering for a horse, especially (formerly) for a warhorse
  • Tray -  an open receptacle for holding or displaying or serving articles or food
  • Treacle -  an expression that is excessively sweet and sentimental; a pale cane syrup
  • Trichinosis -  infestation by trichina larvae that are transmitted by eating inadequately cooked meat (especially pork); larvae migrate from the intestinal tract to the muscles where they become encysted
  • Trifle -  sponge cake spread with jam and soaked in wine; served with a custard sauce; something of small importance; a detail that is considered insignificant; verb consider not very seriously; act frivolously; waste time; spend one's time idly or inefficiently
  • Triple -  having three units or components or elements; three times as great or many;  a base hit at which the batter stops safely at third base; a quantity that is three times as great as another; a set of three similar things considered as a unit; verb increase threefold; hit a three-base hit
  • Trolling -  angling by drawing a baited line through the water
  • Trowel -  a small hand tool with a handle and flat metal blade; used for scooping or spreading plaster or similar materials; verb use a trowel on; for light garden work or plaster work
  • Truffle -  creamy chocolate candy; edible subterranean fungus of the genus Tuber; any of various highly prized edible subterranean fungi of the genus Tuber; grow naturally in southwestern Europe
  • Trypsin -  an enzyme of pancreatic origin; catalyzes the hydrolysis of proteins to smaller polypeptide units
  • Tryptophan -  an amino acid that occurs in proteins; is essential for growth and normal metabolism; a precursor of niacin
  • Tuna salad -  salad composed primarily of chopped canned tuna fish
  • Turkey trot -  an early ragtime one-step
  • Turkish coffee -  drink made from pulverized coffee beans; usually sweetened
  • Turkish -  of or relating to or characteristic of Turkey or its people or language;  a Turkic language spoken by the Turks
  • Turmeric -  ground dried rhizome of the turmeric plant used as seasoning; widely cultivated tropical plant of India having yellow flowers and a large aromatic deep yellow rhizome; source of a condiment and a yellow dye
  • Turnover -  a dish made by folding a piece of pastry over a filling; the act of upsetting something; the volume measured in dollars; the ratio of the number of workers that had to be replaced in a given time period to the average number of workers
  • Twister -  small friedcake formed into twisted strips and fried; richer than doughnuts; a localized and violently destructive windstorm occurring over land characterized by a funnel-shaped cloud extending toward the ground
  • Tyson -  United States prizefighter who was world heavyweight champion (born in 1966)
  • Ulex -  genus of Eurasian spiny shrubs: gorse
  • Uncle Sam -  a personification of the United States government
  • Underweight -  being very thin
  • United Kingdom -  a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland
  • United States -  North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776; the executive and legislative and judicial branches of the federal government of the United States
  • United -  characterized by unity; being or joined into a single entity; of or relating to two people who are married to each other; involving the joint activity of two or more
  • Unofficial -  not having official authority or sanction; not officially established
  • Unwrapped -  not yet wrapped or having the wrapping removed
  • Upper -  higher in place or position; superior in rank or accomplishment; the topmost one of two;  piece of leather or synthetic material that forms the part of a shoe or boot above the sole that encases the foot; a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression; the higher of two berths
  • Urtica -  a nettle yielding fiber resembling flax
  • Uzbek -  the Turkic language spoken by the Uzbek; a member of a Turkic people of Uzbekistan and neighboring areas; a landlocked republic in west central Asia; formerly an Asian soviet
  • Vagus nerve -  a mixed nerve that supplies the pharynx and larynx and lungs and heart and esophagus and stomach and most of the abdominal viscera
  • Vanillin -  a crystalline compound found in vanilla beans and some balsam resins; used in perfumes and flavorings
  • Vegetable -  of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from plants;  edible seeds or roots or stems or leaves or bulbs or tubers or nonsweet fruits of any of numerous herbaceous plant; any of various herbaceous plants cultivated for an edible part such as the fruit or the root of the beet or the leaf of spinach or the seeds of bean plants or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower
  • Vegetarianism -  a diet excluding all meat and fish
  • Velveeta -  trademark: soft processed American cheese
  • Vermeer -  Dutch painter renowned for his use of light (1632-1675)
  • Vermin -  any of various small animals or insects that are pests; e.g. cockroaches or rats; an irritating or obnoxious person
  • Vermont -  a state in New England
  • Verpa bohemica -  resembles a thimble on a finger; the surface of the fertile portion is folded into wrinkles that extend from the top down; fruiting begins in spring before the leaves are out on the trees
  • Victory garden -  a kitchen garden planted during wartime to relieve food shortages
  • Victualler -  a supplier of victuals or supplies to an army; an innkeeper (especially British)
  • Vietnam -  a communist state in Indochina on the South China Sea; achieved independence from France in 1945; a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
  • Vigor -  active strength of body or mind; an imaginative lively style (especially style of writing); forceful exertion
  • Vinaigrette -  oil and vinegar with mustard and garlic
  • Vinegar -  sour-tasting liquid produced usually by oxidation of the alcohol in wine or cider and used as a condiment or food preservative; dilute acetic acid
  • Vintner -  someone who makes wine; someone who sells wine
  • Virgin -  being used or worked for the first time; in a state of sexual virginity;  a person who has never had sex; the sixth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about August 23 to September 22; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Virgo
  • Viscount -  a British peer who ranks below an earl and above a baron; (in various countries) a son or younger brother or a count
  • Vitalism -  (philosophy) a doctrine that life is a vital principle distinct from physics and chemistry
  • Vitamin A -  any of several fat-soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes
  • Vitamin C -  a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • Vitamin E -  a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • Vitamin -  any of a group of organic substances essential in small quantities to normal metabolism
  • Viva -  an examination conducted by word of mouth
  • Vol-au-vent -  puff paste shell filled with a savory meat mixture usually with a sauce
  • Volcano -  a mountain formed by volcanic material; a fissure in the earth's crust (or in the surface of some other planet) through which molten lava and gases erupt
  • Volcanology -  the branch of geology that studies volcanoes
  • Volvariella -  an important genus of mushrooms in the Orient
  • Waist -  the narrowing of the body between the ribs and hips; the narrow part of the shoe connecting the heel and the wide part of the sole
  • Waiter -  a person whose occupation is to serve at table (as in a restaurant); a person who waits or awaits
  • Waiting -  being and remaining ready and available for use;  the act of waiting (remaining inactive in one place while expecting something)
  • Waldorf salad -  typically made of apples and celery with nuts or raisins and dressed with mayonnaise
  • Wales -  one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; during Roman times the region was known as Cambria
  • Walking -  close enough to be walked to;  the act of traveling by foot
  • Walleye -  pike-like freshwater perches; strabismus in which one or both eyes are directed outward
  • Walnut -  nut of any of various walnut trees having a wrinkled two-lobed seed with a hard shell; any of various trees of the genus Juglans; hard dark-brown wood of any of various walnut trees; used especially for furniture and paneling
  • Wasabi -  the thick green root of the wasabi plant that the Japanese use in cooking and that tastes like strong horseradish; in powder or paste form it is often eaten with raw fish; a Japanese plant of the family Cruciferae with a thick green root
  • Wassail -  a punch made of sweetened ale or wine heated with spices and roasted apples; especially at Christmas; verb propose a toast to; celebrate noisily, often indulging in drinking; engage in uproarious festivities
  • Water biscuit -  a thin flour-and-water biscuit usually made without shortening; often served with cheese
  • Water dog -  a dog accustomed to water and usually trained to retrieve waterfowl; a person who enjoys being in or on the water
  • Watering can -  a container with a handle and a spout with a perforated nozzle; used to sprinkle water over plants
  • Waterloo -  the battle on 18 June 1815 in which Prussian and British forces under Blucher and the Duke of Wellington routed the French forces under Napoleon; a final crushing defeat; a town in central Belgium where in 1815 Napoleon met his final defeat
  • Watermelon -  large oblong or roundish melon with a hard green rind and sweet watery red or occasionally yellowish pulp; an African melon
  • Wealthy -  having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value
  • Weaning -  the act of substituting other food for the mother's milk in the diet of a child or young mammal
  • Wedding cake -  a rich cake with two or more tiers and covered with frosting and decorations; served at a wedding reception
  • Wednesday -  the fourth day of the week; the third working day
  • Weeder -  a hand tool for removing weeds; a farmhand hired to remove weeds
  • Welterweight -  a professional boxer who weighs between 141 and 147 pounds; a wrestler who weighs 154-172 pounds; an amateur boxer who weighs no more than 148 pounds; a weight of 28 pounds; sometimes imposed as a handicap in a horse race (such as a steeple chase or hurdle race)
  • West Yorkshire -  a metropolitan county in northern England
  • Western -  lying toward or situated in the west; relating to or characteristic of regions of western parts of the world; of or characteristic of regions of the United States west of the Mississippi River; of wind; from the west; lying in or toward the west;  a film about life in the western United States during the period of exploration and development; a sandwich made from a western omelet
  • Whale oil -  a white to brown oil obtained from whale blubber; formerly used as an illuminant
  • Wheat berry -  a grain of wheat; grains of common wheat; sometimes cooked whole or cracked as cereal; usually ground into flour
  • Wheat gluten -  gluten prepared from wheat
  • Wheatgrass -  a grass of the genus Agropyron
  • Wheelbarrow -  a cart for carrying small loads; has handles and one or more wheels; verb transport in a wheelbarrow
  • Whey -  watery part of milk produced when raw milk sours and coagulates; the serum or watery part of milk that is separated from the curd in making cheese
  • Whipped cream -  cream that has been beaten until light and fluffy
  • White Heat -  the hotness of something heated until it turns white
  • White Russian -  a cocktail made with vodka, coffee liqueur, and milk or cream; the Slavic language spoken in Belarus; a native or inhabitant of Byelorussia
  • White meat -  meat carved from the breast of a fowl
  • Whitebait -  the edible young of especially herrings and sprats and smelts; minnows or other small fresh- or saltwater fish (especially herring); usually cooked whole
  • Whitefish -  silvery herring-like freshwater food fish of cold lakes of the northern hemisphere; flesh of salmon- or trout-like cold-water fish of cold lakes of the northern hemisphere; any market fish--edible saltwater fish or shellfish--except herring
  • Windbreak -  hedge or fence of trees designed to lessen the force of the wind and reduce erosion
  • Window box -  a long narrow box for growing plants on a windowsill
  • Wine tasting -  a gathering of people to taste and compare different wines
  • Wine -  a red as dark as red wine; fermented juice (of grapes especially); verb treat to wine; drink wine
  • Winemaker -  someone who makes wine
  • Winemaking -  the craft and science of growing grapes and making wine
  • Winesap -  crisp apple with dark red skin
  • Wink -  closing one eye quickly as a signal; a reflex that closes and opens the eyes rapidly; a very short time (as the time it takes the eye blink or the heart to beat); verb signal by winking; force to go away by blinking; briefly shut the eyes; gleam or glow intermittently
  • Wolff -  German anatomist (1733-1794)
  • Woodcock -  game bird of the sandpiper family that resembles a snipe
  • Woodruff -  any plant of the genus Asperula; Old World fragrant stoloniferous perennial having small white flowers and narrow leaves used as flavoring and in sachets; widely cultivated as a ground cover; in some classifications placed in genus Asperula
  • Wort -  unfermented or fermenting malt; usually used in combination: `liverwort'; `milkwort'; `whorlywort'
  • Wrap -  cloak that is folded or wrapped around a person; a sandwich in which the filling is rolled up in a soft tortilla; the covering (usually paper or cellophane) in which something is wrapped; verb arrange or fold as a cover or protection; wrap or coil around; enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering
  • Xanthosis -  an abnormal yellow discoloration of the skin
  • Xiphias -  type genus of the Xiphiidae
  • Yeast -  any of various single-celled fungi that reproduce asexually by budding or division; a commercial leavening agent containing yeast cells; used to raise the dough in making bread and for fermenting beer or whiskey
  • Yelp -  a sharp high-pitched cry (especially by a dog); verb bark in a high-pitched tone
  • Yoga -  a system of exercises practiced as part of the Hindu discipline to promote control of the body and mind; Hindu discipline aimed at training the consciousness for a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility that is achieved through the three paths of actions and knowledge and devotion
  • Yogic -  of or relating to yoga
  • Yogurt -  a custard-like food made from curdled milk
  • Yom Kippur -  (Judaism) a solemn and major fast day on the Jewish calendar; 10th of Tishri; its observance is one of the requirements of the Mosaic law
  • Zarf -  an ornamental metal cup-shaped holder for a hot coffee cup
  • Zest -  a tart spicy quality; vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment; verb add herbs or spices to
  • Zinc -  a bluish-white lustrous metallic element; brittle at ordinary temperatures but malleable when heated; used in a wide variety of alloys and in galvanizing iron; it occurs as zinc sulphide in zinc blende; verb coat or cover with zinc
  • Zingiber -  tropical Asiatic and Polynesian perennial plants: ginger
  • activist -  advocating or engaged in activism;  a militant reformer
  • actor -  a theatrical performer; a person who acts and gets things done
  • advertisement -  a public promotion of some product or service
  • agronomist -  an expert in soil management and field-crop production
  • alcohol -  a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent; any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • anti -  not in favor of (an action or proposal etc.);  a person who is opposed (to an action or policy or practice etc.)
  • appetizer -  food or drink to stimulate the appetite (usually served before a meal or as the first course)
  • artist -  a person whose creative work shows sensitivity and imagination
  • author -  someone who originates or causes or initiates something; writes (books or stories or articles or the like) professionally (for pay); verb be the author of
  • batter -  a flour mixture thin enough to pour or drop from a spoon; (baseball) a ballplayer who is batting; verb make a dent or impression in; strike violently and repeatedly; strike against forcefully
  • beekeeping -  the cultivation of bees on a commercial scale for the production of honey
  • beverage -  any liquid suitable for drinking
  • biochemist -  someone with special training in biochemistry
  • biology -  the science that studies living organisms; characteristic life processes and phenomena of living organisms; all the plant and animal life of a particular region
  • bitterness -  a rough and bitter manner; the property of having a harsh unpleasant taste; the taste experience when quinine or coffee is taken into the mouth; a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will
  • bivalve -  used of mollusks having two shells (as clams etc.);  marine or freshwater mollusks having a soft body with platelike gills enclosed within two shells hinged together
  • bottled water -  drinking water (often spring water) that is put into bottles and offered for sale
  • boxing -  fighting with the fists; the enclosure of something in a package or box
  • brewer -  the owner or manager of a brewery; someone who brews beer or ale from malt and hops and water
  • broadcaster -  a mechanical device for scattering something (seed or fertilizer or sand etc.) in all directions; someone who broadcasts on radio or television
  • businessman -  a person engaged in commercial or industrial business (especially an owner or executive)
  • butler -  a manservant (usually the head servant of a household) who has charge of wines and the table; English poet (1612-1680); English novelist who described a fictitious land he called Erewhon (1835-1902)
  • caffer -  an offensive term for any Black African
  • candy -  a rich sweet made of flavored sugar and often combined with fruit or nuts; verb coat with something sweet, such as a hard sugar glaze
  • cask -  the quantity a cask will hold; a cylindrical container that holds liquids
  • cat food -  food prepared for cats
  • cereal -  made of grain or relating to grain or the plants that produce it;  a breakfast food prepared from grain; grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat; rice; rye; oats; maize; buckwheat; millet; foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses
  • charity -  an activity or gift that benefits the public at large; a kindly and lenient attitude toward people; an institution set up to provide help to the needy; a foundation created to promote the public good (not for assistance to any particular individuals); pinnate-leaved European perennial having bright blue or white flowers
  • chemistry -  the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions; the way two individuals relate to each other
  • cocktail -  an appetizer served as a first course at a meal; a short mixed drink
  • coconut milk -  clear to whitish fluid from within a fresh coconut; white liquid obtained from compressing fresh coconut meat
  • coffee -  a beverage consisting of an infusion of ground coffee beans; any of several small trees and shrubs native to the tropical Old World yielding coffee beans; a medium brown to dark-brown color; a seed of the coffee tree; ground to make coffee
  • colonist -  a person who settles in a new colony or moves into new country
  • condenser -  lens used to concentrate light on an object; a hollow coil that condenses by abstracting heat; an apparatus that converts vapor into liquid; an electrical device characterized by its capacity to store an electric charge
  • confection -  the act of creating something (a medicine or drink or soup etc.) by compounding or mixing a variety of components; a food rich in sugar; verb make into a confection
  • cookery -  the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat
  • cooking oil -  any of numerous vegetable oils used in cooking
  • cornmeal -  coarsely ground corn
  • cruise ship -  a passenger ship used commercially for pleasure cruises
  • culinary -  of or relating to or used in cooking
  • cultivation -  (agriculture) production of food by preparing the land to grow crops; socialization through training and education; a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality
  • density -  the amount per unit size; the spatial property of being crowded together
  • description -  sort or variety; a statement that represents something in words; the act of describing something
  • dessert -  a dish served as the last course of a meal
  • digestion -  learning and coming to understand ideas and information; the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body; the process of decomposing organic matter (as in sewage) by bacteria or by chemical action or heat
  • disease -  an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • disorder -  a disturbance of the peace or of public order; condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning; a condition in which things are not in their expected places; verb bring disorder to; disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
  • documentary -  relating to or consisting of or derived from documents; emphasizing or expressing things as perceived without distortion of personal feelings, insertion of fictional matter, or interpretation;  a film or TV program presenting the facts about a person or event
  • dog food -  food prepared for dogs
  • ecology -  the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment; the environment as it relates to living organisms
  • engineer -  a person who uses scientific knowledge to solve practical problems; the operator of a railway locomotive; verb design as an engineer; plan and direct (a complex undertaking)
  • entrepreneur -  someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it
  • event -  something that happens at a given place and time; a phenomenon located at a single point in space-time; the fundamental observational entity in relativity theory; a special set of circumstances; a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon
  • explorer -  someone who travels into little known regions (especially for some scientific purpose); a commercial browser
  • feast -  something experienced with great delight; an elaborate party (often outdoors); a meal that is well prepared and greatly enjoyed; a ceremonial dinner party for many people; verb partake in a feast or banquet; provide a feast or banquet for; gratify
  • feature -  an article of merchandise that is displayed or advertised more than other articles; the characteristic parts of a person's face: eyes and nose and mouth and chin; a prominent aspect of something; a special or prominent article in a newspaper or magazine; the principal (full-length) film in a program at a movie theater; verb have as a feature; wear or display in an ostentatious or proud manner
  • fermentation -  a process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances; especially, the anaerobic breakdown of sugar into alcohol; a state of agitation or turbulent change or development
  • flavour -  the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth; (physics) the six kinds of quarks; the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people; verb lend flavor to
  • food company -  a company that processes and sells food
  • food product -  a substance that can be used or prepared for use as food
  • fruit -  the consequence of some effort or action; the ripened reproductive body of a seed plant; an amount of a product; verb bear fruit; cause to bear fruit
  • gardener -  someone who takes care of a garden; someone employed to work in a garden
  • gardening -  the cultivation of plants
  • garnish -  any decoration added as a trimming or adornment; something (such as parsley) added to a dish for flavor or decoration; verb decorate (food), as with parsley or other ornamental foods; take a debtor's wages on legal orders, such as for child support
  • granola bar -  cookie bar made of granola
  • hand tool -  a tool used with workers' hands
  • hide -  body covering of a living animal; the dressed skin of an animal (especially a large animal); verb prevent from being seen or discovered; be or go into hiding; keep out of sight, as for protection and safety; make undecipherable or imperceptible by obscuring or concealing; cover as if with a shroud
  • honor -  a woman's virtue or chastity; the quality of being honorable and having a good name; the state of being honored; a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction; verb accept as pay; bestow honor or rewards upon; show respect towards
  • hotelier -  an owner or manager of hotels
  • hydrology -  the branch of geology that studies water on the earth and in the atmosphere: its distribution and uses and conservation
  • industrialist -  someone who manages or has significant financial interest in an industrial enterprise
  • instrumental -  relating to or designed for or performed on musical instruments; serving or acting as a means or aid
  • inventor -  someone who is the first to think of or make something
  • journal -  the part of the axle contained by a bearing; a record book as a physical object; a periodical dedicated to a particular subject; a daily written record of (usually personal) experiences and observations; a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred
  • juice -  any of several liquids of the body; the liquid part that can be extracted from plant or animal tissue; electric current; energetic vitality
  • lactate -  a salt or ester of lactic acid; verb give suck to
  • list -  a database containing an ordered array of items (names or topics); the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the vertical; verb give or make a list of; name individually; give the names of; tilt to one side; cause to lean to the side; include in a list; enumerate
  • lollipop -  hard candy on a stick; ice cream or water ice on a small wooden stick
  • mayor -  the head of a city government
  • meal -  coarsely ground foodstuff; especially seeds of various cereal grasses or pulse; the food served and eaten at one time; any of the occasions for eating food that occur by custom or habit at more or less fixed times
  • medicine -  the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease; the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques; punishment for one's actions; verb treat medicinally, treat with medicine
  • metalwork -  the metal parts of something; the activity of making things out of metal in a skillful manner
  • milk -  produced by mammary glands of female mammals for feeding their young; a white nutritious liquid secreted by mammals and used as food by human beings; any of several nutritive milklike liquids; a river that rises in the Rockies in northwestern Montana and flows eastward to become a tributary of the Missouri River; verb take milk from female mammals; add milk to; exploit as much as possible
  • missile -  a rocket carrying a warhead of conventional or nuclear explosives; may be ballistic or directed by remote control; a weapon that is forcibly thrown or projected at a targets but is not self-propelled
  • mistress -  a woman master who directs the work of others; an adulterous woman; a woman who has an ongoing extramarital sexual relationship with a man; a woman schoolteacher (especially one regarded as strict)
  • mocha -  superior dark coffee made from beans from Arabia; flavoring made from mixed coffee and chocolate; soft suede glove leather from goatskin
  • monk -  a male religious living in a cloister and devoting himself to contemplation and prayer and work; United States jazz pianist who was one of the founders of the bebop style (1917-1982)
  • muesli -  mixture of untoasted dry cereals and fruits
  • musician -  artist who composes or conducts music as a profession; someone who plays a musical instrument (as a profession)
  • muskmelon -  the fruit of a muskmelon vine; any of several sweet melons related to cucumbers; any of several varieties of vine whose fruit has a netted rind and edible flesh and a musky smell
  • naturalist -  a biologist knowledgeable about natural history (especially botany and zoology); an advocate of the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms
  • nervous system -  the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
  • office -  a religious rite or service prescribed by ecclesiastical authorities; place of business where professional or clerical duties are performed; professional or clerical workers in an office; (of a government or government official) holding an office means being in power; a job in an organization; the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; an administrative unit of government
  • on Earth -  used with question words to convey surprise
  • outbreak -  a sudden violent spontaneous occurrence (usually of some undesirable condition)
  • painting -  the occupation of a house painter; the act of applying paint to a surface; creating a picture with paints; graphic art consisting of an artistic composition made by applying paints to a surface
  • pasta -  shaped and dried dough made from flour and water and sometimes egg; a dish that contains pasta as its main ingredient
  • performer -  an entertainer who performs a dramatic or musical work for an audience
  • pet-food -  food prepared for animal pets
  • physician -  a licensed medical practitioner
  • physiology -  processes and functions of an organism; the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
  • poet -  a writer of poems (the term is usually reserved for writers of good poetry)
  • politician -  a person active in party politics; a leader engaged in civil administration; a schemer who tries to gain advantage in an organization in sly or underhanded ways
  • politics -  the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs; the study of government of states and other political units; the opinion you hold with respect to political questions; social relations involving authority or power
  • prayer -  the act of communicating with a deity (especially as a petition or in adoration or contrition or thanksgiving); a fixed text used in praying; reverent petition to a deity; someone who prays to God; earnest or urgent request
  • presenter -  an advocate who presents a person (as for an award or a degree or an introduction etc.); someone who presents a message of some sort (as a petition or an address or a check or a memorial etc.); person who makes a gift of property
  • profession -  an occupation requiring special education (especially in the liberal arts or sciences); affirmation of acceptance of some religion or faith; an open avowal (true or false) of some belief or opinion; the body of people in a learned occupation
  • referee -  (sports) the chief official (as in boxing or American football) who is expected to ensure fair play; an attorney appointed by a court to investigate and report on a case; someone who reads manuscripts and judges their suitability for publication; verb evaluate professionally a colleague's work; be a referee or umpire in a sports competition
  • restaurateur -  the proprietor of a restaurant
  • scientist -  a person with advanced knowledge of one or more sciences
  • senior -  used of the fourth and final year in United States high school or college; older; higher in rank; longer in length of tenure or service; advanced in years; (`aged' is proced as two syllables);  an undergraduate student during the year preceding graduation; a person who is older than you are
  • sept -  people descended from a common ancestor; the month following August and preceding October
  • ship -  a vessel that carries passengers or freight; verb place on board a ship; travel by ship; hire for work on a ship; transport commercially; go on board
  • singer -  a person who sings; United States writer (born in Poland) of Yiddish stories and novels (1904-1991); United States inventor of an improved chain-stitch sewing machine (1811-1875)
  • slave -  held in servitude;  a person who is owned by someone; someone who works as hard as a slave; someone entirely dominated by some influence or person; verb work very hard, like a slave
  • snack -  a light informal meal; verb eat a snack; eat lightly
  • soft drink -  nonalcoholic beverage (usually carbonated)
  • song -  the act of singing; a short musical composition with words; a distinctive or characteristic sound; a very small sum; the characteristic sound produced by a bird; the imperial dynasty of China from 960 to 1279; noted for art and literature and philosophy
  • soundtrack -  sound recording on a narrow strip of a motion picture film
  • species -  a specific kind of something; (biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
  • stew -  food prepared by stewing especially meat or fish with vegetables; agitation resulting from active worry; verb cook slowly and for a long time in liquid; bear a grudge; harbor ill feelings; be in a huff; be silent or sullen
  • structure -  a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts; the manner of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts; a particular complex anatomical part; the complex composition of knowledge as elements and their combinations; the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships; verb give a structure to
  • subculture -  a social group within a national culture that has distinctive patterns of behavior and beliefs
  • supplement -  a quantity added (e.g. to make up for a deficiency); a supplementary component that improves capability; textual matter that is added onto a publication; usually at the end; verb add as a supplement to what seems insufficient; serve as a supplement to; add to the very end
  • tool -  an implement used in the practice of a vocation; the means whereby some act is accomplished; obscene terms for penis; a person who is controlled by others and is used to perform unpleasant or dishonest tasks for someone else; verb work with a tool; drive; furnish with tools; ride in a car with no particular goal and just for the pleasure of it
  • tortilla -  thin unleavened pancake made from cornmeal or wheat flour
  • traditional -  consisting of or derived from tradition; pertaining to time-honored orthodox doctrines
  • unit -  a single undivided whole; an organization regarded as part of a larger social group; a single undivided natural thing occurring in the composition of something else; an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole; an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity; any division of quantity accepted as a standard of measurement or exchange
  • viticulturist -  a cultivator of grape vine
  • vodka -  unaged colorless liquor originating in Russia
  • weapon -  any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting; a means of persuading or arguing
  • weaponry -  weapons considered collectively
  • wine merchant -  someone who sells wine
  • writer -  writes (books or stories or articles or the like) professionally (for pay); a person who is able to write and has written something
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