Dictionary of physiology

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Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

#-A

  • a and b antigens on. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • a bands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • a fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • a v. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • a v block. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • a v nodal or a v bundle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • abbreviations. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • abbreviations and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • abdominal   adj. of or relating to or near the abdomen;  noun the muscles of the abdomen
  • abdominal compression reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • abdominal muscle spasm in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • abdominal muscles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aberration   noun an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good image;  a disorder in one's mental state;  a state or condition markedly different from the norm
  • abnormal   adj. much greater than the normal;  not normal; not typical or usual or regular or conforming to a norm;  departing from the normal in e.g. intelligence and development
  • abnormal contours of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • abnormalities. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • abnormalities in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • abnormalities of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • abnormalities of secretion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • absence of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • absence syndrome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • absent   adj. lost in thought; showing preoccupation;  not in a specified place physically or mentally;  verb go away or leave
  • absolute   adj. perfect or complete or pure;  not capable of being violated or infringed;  complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers;  without conditions or limitations;  not limited by law;  expressing finality with no implication of possible change;  noun something that is conceived to be absolute; something that does not depends on anything else and is beyond human control
  • absolute refractory period. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • absolute refractory period of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • absorbing colon. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • absorption   noun (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid;  (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium;  the mental state of being preoccupied by something; complete attention; intense mental effort;  the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion;  the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
  • absorption by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • absorption curve for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • absorption in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • absorption of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • abundance   noun the property of a more than adequate quantity or supply;  (chemistry) the ratio of the total mass of an element in the earth's crust to the total mass of the earth's crust; expressed as a percentage or in parts per million;  (physics) the ratio of the number of atoms of a specific isotope of an element to the total number of isotopes present
  • acceleration   noun the act of accelerating; increasing the speed; an increase in rate of change;  (physics) a rate of increase of velocity
  • acceleration injury to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acceleration of head. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acceleratory   adj. tending to increase velocity
  • acceleratory forces. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acceleratory forces and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acceleratory forces causing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acceleratory forces in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • accessory   adj. furnishing added support;  noun a supplementary component that improves capability;  clothing that is worn or carried, but not part of your main clothing;  someone who helps another person commit a crime
  • acclimatization   noun adaptation to a new climate (a new temperature or altitude or environment)
  • acclimatization of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acclimatization of natives. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acclimatization over time. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acclimatization to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acclimatization to altitude. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acclimatization to cold. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acclimatization to heat. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acclimatization to heat and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • accommodation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • accommodation in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • accommodation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • accumbens. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • accumulation   noun the act of accumulating;  (finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation;  several things grouped together or considered as a whole;  an increase by natural growth or addition
  • ace   adj. of the highest quality;  noun a serve that the receiver is unable to reach;  one of four playing cards in a deck having a single pip on its face;  someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field;  a major strategic headquarters of NATO; safeguards an area extending from Norway to Turkey;  verb serve an ace against (someone);  play (a hole) in one stroke;  score an ace against; succeed at easily
  • acetate   noun a salt or ester of acetic acid;  a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
  • acetazolamide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetoacetic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetoacetic acid   noun unstable acid found in abnormal amounts in the blood and urine in some cases of impaired metabolism (as diabetes mellitus or starvation)
  • acetoacetic acid and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetoacetic acid formed in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetoacetic acid produced from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetone   noun the simplest ketone; a highly inflammable liquid widely used as an organic solvent and as material for making plastics
  • acetyl   noun the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO )
  • acetyl coa. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetyl coa and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetyl coa carboxylase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetyl coenzyme a. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetylcholine   noun a neurotransmitter that is a derivative of choline; released at the ends of nerve fibers in the somatic and parasympathetic nervous systems
  • acetylcholine action at. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetylcholine gated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetylcholine gated ion channels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetylcholine receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetylcholine synthesis at. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetylcholine system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetylcholine system and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetylcholinesterase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetylsalicylic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acetylsalicylic acid   noun the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • acetyltransferase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • achalasia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • achalasia of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • achievable   adj. capable of existing or taking place or proving true; possible to do
  • achlorhydria   noun an abnormal deficiency or absence of free hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice; often associated with severe anemias and cancer of the stomach
  • acid   adj. having the characteristics of an acid;  harsh or corrosive in tone;  being sour to the taste;  noun street name for lysergic acid diethylamide;  any of various water soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
  • acid base. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acid base abnormalities and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acid base balance and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acid base buffering by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acid base disorders. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acid base disorders and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acid base nomogram. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acid base regulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acid hydrolases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acidophil   noun an organism that thrives in a relatively acid environment
  • acidophil cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acidophilic   adj. especially of some bacteria; growing well in an acid medium
  • acidophilic tumors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acidosis   noun abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • acidosis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acidosis caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acidosis in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acidosis secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acids and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acini. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acini of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acquired   adj. gotten through environmental forces
  • acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acromegaly   noun enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor)
  • acrosome   noun a process at the anterior end of a sperm cell that produces enzymes to facilitate penetration of the egg
  • acrosome reaction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • across   adv. transversely;  to the opposite side
  • act   noun something that people do or cause to happen;  a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body;  a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program;  a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet;  a manifestation of insincerity;  verb behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself;  pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind;  discharge one's duties;  play a role or part;  perform on a stage or theater;  perform an action, or work out or perform (an action);  be engaged in an activity, often for no particular purpose other than pleasure;  be suitable for theatrical performance;  behave unnaturally or affectedly;  have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected
  • acth   noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • acth and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acth secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • actin   noun one of the proteins into which actomyosin can be split; can exist in either a globular or a fibrous form
  • acting   adj. serving temporarily especially as a substitute;  noun the performance of a part or role in a drama
  • action   noun something done (usually as opposed to something said);  the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field;  an act by a government body or supranational organization;  the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism;  the trait of being active and energetic and forceful;  the series of events that form a plot;  the state of being active;  a military engagement;  a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong;  a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); verb institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against;  put in effect
  • action potential   noun the local voltage change across the cell wall as a nerve impulse is transmitted
  • action potential and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • action potential in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • action potentials in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • action potentials of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • action tremor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • actions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • actions of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • activated   adj. set up and placed on active assignment;  rendered active; e.g. rendered radioactive or luminescent or photosensitive or conductive;  (of e.g. a molecule) made reactive or more reactive;  (of sewage) treated with aeration and bacteria to aid decomposition
  • activating   adj. causing motion or action or change;  noun the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • activating systems of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • activation   noun making active and effective (as a bomb); stimulation of activity in an organism or chemical;  the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • activation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • activation of clones of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • activator   noun (biology) any agency bringing about activation; a molecule that increases the activity of an enzyme or a protein that increases the production of a gene product in DNA transcription
  • active   adj. characterized by energetic activity;  engaged in full time work;  full of activity or engaged in continuous activity;  tending to become more severe or wider in scope;  disposed to take action or effectuate change;  (of e.g. volcanos) erupting or liable to erupt;  (of e.g. volcanos) capable of erupting;  expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water');  expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor: "Hemingway favors active constructions";  exerting influence or producing a change or effect;  of the sun; characterized by a high level activity in sunspots and flares and radio emissions;  in operation;  taking part in an activity;  engaged in or ready for military or naval operations;  noun a person devoted to the active life;  the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb;  chemical agent capable of activity
  • active hyperemia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • active transport   noun transport of a substance (as a protein or drug) across a cell membrane against the concentration gradient; requires an expenditure of energy
  • active transport and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • active transport combined with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • active transport in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • active transport into cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • activities. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • activity   noun any specific behavior;  (chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction;  the trait of being active; moving or acting rapidly and energetically;  an organic process that takes place in the body;  a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings);  the state of being active
  • activity of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acuity   noun sharpness of vision; the visual ability to resolve fine detail (usually measured by a Snellen chart);  a quick and penetrating intelligence
  • acupuncture   noun treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • acute anterior wall. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute hypoxia at. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute hypoxia in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute local potentials. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute neurogenic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute neurogenic hypertension and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute occlusion caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute occlusion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute posterior wall. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute renal failure caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute renal failure in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute stage. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute subthreshold potentials. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute tubular necrosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute tubular necrosis caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • acute venous dilation in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adaptation   noun (physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light);  a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form;  the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  • adaptation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adaptation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adaptation to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adaptive   adj. having a capacity for adaptation
  • adaptive control systems. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adaptive immunity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • addison. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • addison disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • addison disease and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • addisonian. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • addisonian crisis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • addition   noun the act of adding one thing to another;  a component that is added to something to improve it;  a suburban area laid out in streets and lots for a future residential area;  a quantity that is added; the arithmetic operation of summing; calculating the sum of two or more numbers;  something added to what you already have
  • addition or subtraction of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adenine   noun (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA
  • adenohypophysis   noun the anterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature
  • adenoma   noun a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin
  • adenoma of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adenosine   noun (biochemistry) a nucleoside that is a structural component of nucleic acids; it is present in all living cells in a combined form as a constituent of DNA and RNA and ADP and ATP and AMP
  • adenosine diphosphate   noun an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
  • adenosine in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adenosine monophosphate   noun a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
  • adenosine triphosphate   noun a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
  • adenylyl. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adenylyl cyclase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adenylyl cyclase camp and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adhesion molecules. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adipocytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adipokines. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adipose   adj. composed of animal fat
  • adipose tissue   noun a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs
  • adiposogenital. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adiposogenital syndrome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adjacent   adj. near or close to but not necessarily touching;  nearest in space or position; immediately adjoining without intervening space;  having a common boundary or edge; touching
  • adjustment   noun the act of adjusting something to match a standard;  making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances; the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment); an amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances;  the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  • adjustment to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • admixture   noun an additional ingredient that is added by mixing with the base;  the state of impairing the quality or reducing the value of something;  the act of mixing together
  • adp   noun data processing by a computer;  an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
  • adp concentration and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adp in control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenal   adj. of or pertaining to the adrenal glands or their secretions;  near the kidneys;  noun either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
  • adrenal cortex   noun the cortex of the adrenal gland; secretes corticosterone and sex hormones
  • adrenal diabetes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenal function and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenal glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenal insufficiency. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenal medulla   noun the medulla of the adrenal gland; secretes epinephrine
  • adrenal medulla and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenal medullae and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenal medullae in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenal medullar secretion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenal secretion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenal synthesis of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenergic   adj. relating to epinephrine (its release or action);  noundrug that has the effects of epinephrine
  • adrenergic drugs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenergic fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenergic or cholinergic receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenergic or cholinergic receptors and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenergic receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenergic receptors and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenocortical   adj. of or derived from the cortex of the adrenal glands
  • adrenocortical hormone synthesis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenocortical hormone synthesis from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenocortical hormones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenocortical hormones metabolized. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenocorticotropic   adj. stimulating or acting on the adrenal cortex
  • adrenocorticotropic hormone   noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • adrenogenital. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adrenogenital syndrome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adsorbed   adj. accumulated on a surface of a solid
  • adsorbed to fibrin fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adult   adj. (of animals) fully developed;  noun any mature animal;  a fully developed person from maturity onward
  • advantages. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • advantages of normal high level. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • adverse   adj. in an opposing direction;  contrary to your interests or welfare
  • adverse effects of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aerobic   adj. depending on free oxygen or air;  based on or using the principles of aerobics; enhancing respiratory and circulatory efficiency
  • aerobic energy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • affecting   adj. arousing affect
  • affective   adj. characterized by emotion
  • affective nature of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • afferent   adj. of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying sensory information from the sense organs to the CNS;  noun a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system
  • afferent arteriole. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • affinity   noun a natural attraction or feeling of kinship;  inherent resemblance between persons or things;  the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a molecule; (immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an antibody;  a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character;  (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts;  (anthropology) kinship by marriage or adoption; not a blood relationship
  • affinity constant. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • after   adj. located farther aft;  adv. behind or in the rear;  happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  • after a meal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • after apoptosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • after fatty acid oxidation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • after menopause. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • after myocardial. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • after myocardial infarction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • after myocardial infarctions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • after parturition. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • after poliomyelitis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • afterdischarge. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • afterload. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • against. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • age   noun how long something has existed;  a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises;  a late time of life;  a prolonged period of time;  an era of history having some distinctive feature;  verb begin to seem older; get older;  make older;  grow old or older
  • age and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • age related   adj. changing (increasing or decreasing) as an individual's age increases
  • age related decrease in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • age related increase in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • age related loss of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • agent   noun an active and efficient cause; capable of producing a certain effect;  a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission;  a representative who acts on behalf of other persons or organizations;  any agent or representative of a federal agency or bureau;  a substance that exerts some force or effect;  the semantic role of the animate entity that instigates or causes the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • agents. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • agglutination   noun the building of words from component morphemes that retain their form and meaning in the process of combining;  a clumping of bacteria or red cells when held together by antibodies (agglutinins);  the coalescing of small particles that are suspended in solution; these larger masses are then (usually) precipitated
  • agglutinins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • agglutinogens. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aggregation   noun the act of gathering something together;  several things grouped together or considered as a whole
  • aging   adj. growing old;  noun the organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age;  acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time
  • aging and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • agonist   noun (biochemistry) a drug that can combine with a receptor on a cell to produce a physiological reaction;  a muscle that contracts while another relaxes;  someone involved in a contest or battle (as in an agon);  the principal character in a work of fiction
  • agonist and antagonist muscles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • agonist antagonist. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • agonist antagonist coactivation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • agouti related. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • agouti related protein. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aids   noun a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • air   adj. relating to or characteristic of or occurring in the air;  noun a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing; medium for radio and television broadcasting;  the region above the ground;  a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of;  once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles);  travel via aircraft;  a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;  the mass of air surrounding the Earth;  a slight wind (usually refreshing); verb expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry;  broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television;  be broadcast;  expose to cool or cold air so as to cool or freshen;  make public;  expose to fresh air
  • air hunger. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • airflow   noun the flow of air
  • airflow resistance. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • airplane   noun an aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jets
  • airway   noun a commercial enterprise that provides scheduled flights for passengers;  a duct that provides ventilation (as in mines); the passages through which air enters and leaves the body;  a designated route followed by airplanes in flying from one airport to another
  • airway obstruction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • airway obstruction in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • airway resistance. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • airways. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • akinesia   noun motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
  • alactacid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alactacid oxygen debt. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alanine   noun a crystalline amino acid that occurs in many proteins
  • alanine derived from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alarm   noun a device that signals the occurrence of some undesirable event;  an automatic signal (usually a sound) warning of danger;  fear resulting from the awareness of danger;  a clock that wakes sleeper at preset time;  verb warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of preparedness;  fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised
  • alarm reaction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alarm response of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • albicans. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • albinos. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • albumin   noun a simple water soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids
  • albumin and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alcohol   noun a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent;  any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • alcoholic   adj. addicted to alcohol;  characteristic of or containing alcohol;  noun a person who drinks alcohol to excess habitually
  • alcoholic headache. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aldosterone   noun a corticosteroid hormone that is secreted by the cortex of the adrenal gland; regulates salt (sodium and potassium) and water balance
  • aldosterone and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aldosterone antagonists. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aldosterone deficiency and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aldosterone escape. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aldosterone excess and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aldosterone excess with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aldosterone oversecretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aldosterone secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aldosterone secretion in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aldosteronism   noun a condition caused by overproduction of aldosterone
  • alimentary   adj. of or providing nourishment
  • alimentary tract   noun tubular passage of mucous membrane and muscle extending about 8.3 meters from mouth to anus; functions in digestion and elimination
  • alkali   noun a mixture of soluble salts found in arid soils and some bodies of water; detrimental to agriculture;  any of various water soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water
  • alkaline   adj. relating to or containing an alkali; having a pH greater than 7
  • alkaline phosphatase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alkalinity   noun pH values above 7
  • alkalinity of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alkalosis   noun abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • alkalosis caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alkalosis in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alkalosis secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • all or nothing   adj. occurring completely or not occurring at all
  • all or nothing principle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • allergic   adj. having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor);  characterized by or caused by allergy
  • allergic reactions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • allergies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • allergies and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • allergy   noun hypersensitivity reaction to a particular allergen; symptoms can vary greatly in intensity
  • allergy and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • allergy in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • allografts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • along   adv. with a forward motion;  in accompaniment or as a companion;  in addition (usually followed by `with');  to a more advanced state;  in line with a length or direction (often followed by `by' or `beside')
  • alpha   adj. early testing stage of a software or hardware product; first in order of importance;  noun the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet;  the beginning of a series or sequence
  • alpha adrenergic receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alpha waves. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alpha waves and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • also   adv. in addition
  • also parasympathetic nervous system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • also sodium co transport. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • also specific hormones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • also transcription. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alternans. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • altitude   noun elevation especially above sea level or above the earth's surface;  the perpendicular distance from the base of a geometric figure to opposite vertex (or side if parallel);  angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
  • altitude and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • altitudes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alveolar   adj. pertaining to the tiny air sacs of the lungs;  pertaining to the alveolar ridge;  noun a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • alveolar air. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alveolar ducts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alveolar macrophages. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alveolar membrane. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alveolar oxygen concentration and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alveolar pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alveolar ventilation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alveolar ventilation at. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alveoli. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • alveolus   noun a tiny sac for holding air in the lungs; formed by the terminal dilation of tiny air passageways;  a bony socket in the alveolar ridge that holds a tooth
  • alzheimer. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amacrine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amacrine cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ambiguus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ameboid   adj. like an amoeba (especially in having a variable irregular shape)
  • ameboid movement. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ameboid movement and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ameboid movement by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ameboid movement by cells of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ameloblasts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amiloride. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amino   adj. pertaining to or containing any of a group of organic compounds of nitrogen derived from ammonia;  noun the radical NH2
  • amino acid conversion to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amino acid degradation products in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amino acid storage by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amino acid synthesis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amino acid synthesis from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amino acids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amino acids converted to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amino acids released by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amino acids stored as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aminoaciduria   noun abnormal presence of amino acids in the urine; usually a symptom of metabolic defects
  • aminopolypeptidase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aminostatic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aminostatic theory of hunger and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aminotransferases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amitriptyline   noun a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
  • ammonia   noun a pungent gas compounded of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3);  a water solution of ammonia
  • ammonia buffer system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ammonium   noun the ion NH4 derived from ammonia; behaves in many respects like an alkali metal ion
  • ammonium chloride   noun a white salt used in dry cells
  • ammonium excretion in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ammonium ion   noun the ion NH4 derived from ammonia; behaves in many respects like an alkali metal ion
  • ammonium ion produced from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amnesia   noun partial or total loss of memory
  • amniotic   adj. of or related to the amnion or characterized by developing an amnion
  • amniotic fluid   noun the serous fluid in which the embryo is suspended inside the amnion
  • amorphosynthesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amp   noun the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites;  a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
  • amphetamine related. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amphetamines. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ampulla   noun a flask that has two handles; used by Romans for wines or oils;  the dilated portion of a canal or duct especially of the semicircular canals of the ear
  • ampullaris. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amygdala   noun an almond shaped neural structure in the anterior part of the temporal lobe of the cerebrum; intimately connected with the hypothalamus and the hippocampus and the cingulate gyrus; as part of the limbic system it plays an important role in motivation and emotional behavior
  • amygdala and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amylase   noun any of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants; help convert starch to sugar
  • amylin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amyloid   adj. resembling starch;  noun (pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue;  a non nitrogenous food substance consisting chiefly of starch; any substance resembling starch
  • amyloid plaques. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • amyloidosis   noun a disorder characterized by deposit of amyloid in organs or tissues; often secondary to chronic rheumatoid arthritis or tuberculosis or multiple myeloma
  • anaerobic   adj. living or active in the absence of free oxygen;  not aerobic
  • anaerobic energy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anaerobic energy during. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anaerobic glycolysis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anaerobic glycolysis in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anaerobic metabolism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anaerobic vs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anal   adj. a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated on the anal region; fixation at this stage is said to result in orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, compulsiveness, etc.;  of or related to the anus
  • anal sphincters. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • analgesia   noun absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness
  • analgesia system and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • analgesia system of brain and spinal cord. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • analogy   noun drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect;  an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others;  the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; language can point in the right direction but any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate
  • analysis   noun an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole;  the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations;  a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation;  a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed;  the use of closed class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father';  a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
  • analysis of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anaphase   noun the stage of meiosis or mitosis when chromosomes move toward opposite ends of the nuclear spindle
  • anaphylactic   adj. related to the hypersensitivity known as anaphylaxis
  • anaphylactic shock   noun a severe and rapid and sometimes fatal hypersensitivity reaction to a substance (especially a vaccine or penicillin or shellfish or insect venom) to which the organism has become sensitized by previous exposure
  • anaphylaxis   noun hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance
  • anaphylaxis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anastomoses. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anatomic   adj. of or relating to the structure of the body;  of or relating to the branch of morphology that studies the structure of organisms
  • anatomic and functional elements of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anatomic divisions of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anatomic organization of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anatomical   adj. of or relating to the structure of the body;  of or relating to the branch of morphology that studies the structure of organisms;  noun an expression that relates to anatomy
  • anatomical basis of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anatomical folds of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anatomical functional areas of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anatomical loci of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anatomical loci of sources of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anatomical relations of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anatomy   noun a detailed analysis;  the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals;  alternative names for the body of a human being
  • anatomy of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anchoring. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anchoring filaments. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • and baroreceptor reflexes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • and bronchioles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • and fever. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • and lipids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • and metabolic rate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • and norepinephrine system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • androgen synthesis in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • androgenic   adj. of or related to the male hormone androgen
  • androgens. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • androstenedione. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • androsterone   noun an androgenic hormone that is less active than testosterone
  • anemia   noun genus of terrestrial or lithophytic ferns having pinnatifid fronds; chiefly of tropical America;  a deficiency of red blood cells;  a lack of vitality
  • anemia and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anemia in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anemia secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anencephaly   noun a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
  • anencephaly and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anesthesia   noun loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
  • anesthesia and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anesthetics. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angina   noun any disease of the throat or fauces marked by spasmodic attacks of intense suffocative pain;  a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart
  • angina pectoris   noun a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart
  • angiogenesis   noun the formation of new blood vessels
  • angiogenesis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angiogenin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angioplasty   noun an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery
  • angiostatin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angiotensin   noun any of several vasoconstrictor substances (trade name Hypertensin) that cause narrowing of blood vessels
  • angiotensin converting. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angiotensin converting enzyme   noun proteolytic enzyme that converts angiotensin I into angiotensin II
  • angiotensin i   noun a physiologically inactive form of angiotensin that is the precursor to angiotensin II
  • angiotensin ii   noun a potent vasopressor agent formed from angiotensin I
  • angiotensin ii and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angiotensin ii and aldosterone in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angiotensin ii as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angiotensin ii receptor antagonists. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angiotensinases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angiotensinogen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angular   adj. having angles or an angular shape;  measured by an angle or by the rate of change of an angle
  • angular acceleration. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angular gyrus area. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • angulation   noun the act of making angulate (having corners);  the precise measurement of angles
  • anhydrase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anion   noun a negatively charged ion
  • anion gap. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anion gap and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anion gap in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anions and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anorexia   noun a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
  • anorexia and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anorexia cachexia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anorexia cachexia in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anorexia nervosa   noun (psychiatry) a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
  • anorexigenic   adj. causing loss of appetite
  • anorexigenic substances. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anovulatory. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anovulatory cycles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anovulatory cycles at. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anp. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antagonist   noun a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug;  a muscle that relaxes while another contracts; someone who offers opposition
  • antagonists. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anterior   adj. earlier in time;  of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body;  noun a tooth situated at the front of the mouth
  • anterior commissure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anterior commissure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anterior hypothalamic preoptic area. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anterior motor neurons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anterograde   adj. of amnesia; affecting time immediately following trauma
  • anterograde amnesia   noun loss of memory for events immediately following a trauma; sometimes in effect for events during and for a long time following the trauma
  • anterolateral. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anterolateral pathway and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anterolateral system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anterolateral system and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anti inflammatory   noun a medicine intended to reduce inflammation
  • anti inflammatory effects of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anti rh. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antibodies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antibody   noun any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response
  • antibody binding of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anticholinesterases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anticoagulant   noun medicine that prevents or retards the clotting of blood
  • anticoagulants. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • anticodons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antidepressants. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antidiuretic   noun a drug that limits the formation of urine
  • antidiuretic hormone   noun hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • antidiuretic hormone and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antidiuretic hormone as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antigen   noun any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
  • antigen presenting. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antigen presenting cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antigens. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antihypertensive   noun a drug that reduces high blood pressure
  • antihypertensive effects of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antiinflammatory. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antioncogenes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antiperistalsis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antipyretics. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antipyrine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antithrombin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antithrombin iii. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antithyroid   adj. having the effect of counteracting excessive thyroid activity
  • antithyroid activity of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antithyroid substances. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antithyroid substances and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antral. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antral follicles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • antrum   noun a natural cavity or hollow in a bone
  • anuria   noun inability to urinate
  • any   adj. one or some or every or all without specification;  adv. to any degree or extent
  • aortic   adj. of or relating to the aorta
  • aortic baroreceptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic baroreceptors and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic bodies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic bodies and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic coarctation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic pressure curve and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic pressure pulse associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic pressure pulse in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic regurgitation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic regurgitation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic stenosis   noun abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve
  • aortic valve   noun a semilunar valve between the left ventricle and the aorta; prevents blood from flowing from the aorta back into the heart
  • aortic valve disease and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic valve lesions and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aortic valve lesions with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aphasia   noun inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
  • aphasia related to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aplasia   noun failure of some tissue or organ to develop
  • aplastic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aplastic anemia   noun anemia characterized by pancytopenia resulting from failure of the bone marrow; can be caused by neoplasm or by toxic exposure
  • aplysia   noun type genus of the family Aplysiidae
  • apnea   noun transient cessation of respiration
  • apocrine   adj. (of exocrine glands) producing a secretion in which part of the secreting cell is released with the secretion
  • apocrine glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • apoferritin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • apolipoprotein. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • apolipoprotein b. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • apolipoprotein e. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • apoprotein. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • apoprotein b. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • apoptosis   noun a type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellular machinery to kill itself; a cell suicide mechanism that enables metazoans to control cell number and eliminate cells that threaten the animal's survival
  • apoptotic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • apparatus   noun equipment designed to serve a specific function; (anatomy) a group of body parts that work together to perform a given function
  • apparent   adj. clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment;  appearing as such but not necessarily so
  • apparent mineralocorticoid excess syndrome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • appendix   noun a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch;  supplementary material that is collected and appended at the back of a book
  • appetite   noun a feeling of craving something
  • appetite and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • appetite area of brain. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • appetite suppression by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • applications. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • apraxia   noun inability to make purposeful movements
  • aquaporins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aqueous   adj. produced by the action of water;  similar to or containing or dissolved in water
  • aqueous humor   noun the limpid fluid within the eyeball between the cornea and the lens
  • aqueous humor cleansed by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aqueous humor formed by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aqueous veins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arachidonic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arachidonic acid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arachnoidal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arachnoidal villi. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • architecture   noun the profession of designing buildings and environments with consideration for their esthetic effect;  an architectural product or work;  the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings;  (computer science) the structure and organization of a computer's hardware or system software
  • arcuate   adj. forming or resembling an arch
  • arcuate fasciculus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arcuate nuclei. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • area   noun a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function;  the extent of a 2 dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary;  a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve;  a subject of study;  a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography);  a particular environment or walk of life
  • area postrema. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • areas. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arginine   noun a bitter tasting amino acid found in proteins and necessary for nutrition; its absence from the diet leads to a reduced production of spermatozoa
  • argyll   noun a covered gravy holder of silver or other metal containing a detachable central vessel for hot water to keep the gravy warm;  a sock knitted or woven with an argyle design (usually used in the plural);  a design consisting of a pattern of varicolored diamonds on a solid background (originally for knitted articles); patterned after the tartan of a clan in western Scotland
  • argyll robertson pupil. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aromatase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • around   adv. in circumference;  by a circular or circuitous route;  in a circle or circular motion;  to a particular destination either specified or understood;  (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct;  in the area or vicinity;  from beginning to end; throughout;  all around or on all sides;  in or to a reversed position or direction;  to or among many different places or in no particular direction
  • arousal   noun the act of arousing;  awakening from sleep;  a state of heightened physiological activity;  mutual sexual fondling prior to sexual intercourse
  • arrangement   noun the act of arranging and adapting a piece of music;  an organized structure for arranging or classifying;  an orderly grouping (of things or persons) considered as a unit; the result of arranging;  the spatial property of the way in which something is placed;  the thing arranged or agreed to;  a piece of music that has been adapted for performance by a particular set of voices or instruments
  • arrangement within cardiac muscle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arrest   noun the state of inactivity following an interruption;  the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal);  verb hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of;  take into custody;  attract and fix;  cause to stop
  • arrhythmia   noun an abnormal rate of muscle contractions in the heart
  • arrhythmias. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arrhythmias and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial   adj. of or involving or contained in the arteries
  • arterial blood   noun blood found in arteries
  • arterial blood pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial blood pressure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial blood pressure control. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial blood supply. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial oxygen saturation at. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial pressure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial pressure control and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial pressure elevation in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial pressure in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial pressure increase in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial pressure pulses. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial pressure pulses and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial pressure regulation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial pressure response to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterial system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arteries. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arteriolar   adj. of or relating to or involving arterioles
  • arteriolar dilation or constriction and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arteriole   noun one of the small thin walled arteries that end in capillaries
  • arterioles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arterioles of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arteriosclerosis   noun sclerosis of the arterial walls
  • arteriosclerosis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arteriosus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arteriovenous   adj. connecting an artery to a vein
  • arteriovenous anastomoses. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • arteriovenous fistula. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • artery   noun a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic;  a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  • artery pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • articulation   noun the act of joining things in such a way that motion is possible;  expressing in coherent verbal form;  the aspect of pronunciation that involves bringing articulatory organs together so as to shape the sounds of speech;  the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made;  (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion)
  • articulation in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • artificial   adj. artificially formal;  contrived by art rather than nature; not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes
  • artificial implanted. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • artificial kidney   noun a machine that uses dialysis to remove impurities and waste products from the bloodstream before returning the blood to the patient's body
  • artificial kidney and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • artificial respiration and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as   adv. to the same degree (often followed by `as');  noun a United States territory on the eastern part of the island of Samoa;  a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
  • as accessory motor system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as acute edema. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as amino acid source. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as amino radical donor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as anaerobic energy source. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as anticoagulant. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as antigen presenting cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as atp degrading enzyme. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as bases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as blood reservoir. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as buffers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as central nervous system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as central nervous system transmitter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as cholinergic neurons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as component of dna. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as components of dna. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as cytokine hormone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as ectopic pacemaker. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as end stage renal disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as energy currency. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as energy source. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as energy source for heart. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as fluid compartment. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as fraction of plasma flow. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as homeostatic mechanism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as internal environment. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as lipid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as membrane stabilizers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as metabolic end product. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as molecular and ionic motion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as nephrosclerosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as nerve membrane stabilizer. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as neutral fat globules. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as pacemaker. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as pain receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as pain stimulus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as percentages. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as photoreceptor transmitter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as positive feedback. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as preferred source. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as preload. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as premature contractions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as primer pumps. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as protein digestion products. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as pumps. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as reference level for pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as response to irritation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as second messenger. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as sheet of flow. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as smooth muscle neurotransmitter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as spacer for cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as sympathetic function. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as sympathomimetic drug. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as syncytium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as thermal insulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as vasoconstrictor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as vasodilator. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • as warmth receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ascending   adj. moving or going or growing upward;  noun the act of changing location in an upward direction
  • ascending tracts of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ascites   noun accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
  • ascorbic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ascorbic acid   noun a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • ascorbic acid and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aspects. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aspirin   noun the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • assay   noun a quantitative or qualitative test of a substance (especially an ore or a drug) to determine its components; frequently used to test for the presence or concentration of infectious agents or antibodies etc.;  an appraisal of the state of affairs;  a written report of the results of an analysis of the composition of some substance;  a substance that is undergoing an analysis of its components;  verbanalyze (chemical substances);  make an effort or attempt
  • associated   adj. related to or accompanying;  joined in some kind of relationship (as a colleague or ally or companion etc.)
  • association   noun the act of consorting with or joining with others; the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination;  (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species;  a formal organization of people or groups of people;  (chemistry) any process of combination (especially in solution) that depends on relatively weak chemical bonding;  a relation resulting from interaction or dependence;  the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination;  a social or business relationship
  • association areas. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aster   noun star shaped structure formed in the cytoplasm of a cell having fibers like rays that surround the centrosome during mitosis; any of various chiefly fall blooming herbs of the genus Aster with showy daisylike flowers
  • astereognosis   noun a loss of the ability to recognize objects by handling them
  • asthma   noun respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • asthma and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • astigmatism   noun (optics) defect in an optical system in which light rays from a single point fail to converge in a single focal point; (ophthalmology) impaired eyesight resulting usually from irregular conformation of the cornea
  • astrocytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • astronauts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at   noun 100 at equal 1 kip in Laos;  a highly unstable radioactive element (the heaviest of the halogen series); a decay product of uranium and thorium
  • at a. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at c pain fiber endings. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at different altitudes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at high altitude. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at high pressures. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at low temperatures. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at neuromuscular junction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at parasympathetic nerve endings. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at postganglionic nerve endings. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at presynaptic terminal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at pulmonary. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at rest   adj. in a state of repose or especially sleep;  dead
  • at smooth muscle nerve endings. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • at very high air temperatures. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atelectasis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atelectasis secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atheromatous   adj. of or relating to or resembling atheroma
  • atheromatous plaques. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atherosclerosis   noun a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • atherosclerosis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atherosclerosis induced. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atherosclerosis prevention and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • athetosis   noun a continuous succession of slow, writhing, involuntary movements of the hands and feet and other body parts
  • athlete   noun a person trained to compete in sports
  • athletes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • athletic   adj. having a sturdy and well proportioned body;  relating to or befitting athletics or athletes;  vigorously active
  • athletic performance and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • athletic training and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atmosphere   noun the mass of air surrounding the Earth;  the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body;  the weather or climate at some place;  a particular environment or surrounding influence;  a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing;  a unit of pressure: the pressure that will support a column of mercury 760 mm high at sea level and 0 degrees centigrade
  • atmosphere in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atmospheric   adj. relating to or located in the atmosphere
  • atmospheric hypoxia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atmospheric temperature range and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atoms. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atonic   adj. used of syllables;  characterized by a lack of tonus
  • atopic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atopic allergies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atp   noun a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
  • atp degrading. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atp expended for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atp from oxidation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atp sensitive. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atp sensitive potassium channels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atp synthetase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atpase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atretic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atria. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial   adj. of or relating to a cavity or chamber in the body (especially one of the upper chambers of the heart)
  • atrial contraction and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial fibrillation   noun fibrillation of the muscles of the atria of the heart
  • atrial flutter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial heart sound. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial natriuretic peptide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial natriuretic peptide and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial paroxysmal tachycardia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial premature contractions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial reflex control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial reflexes and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial stretch and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial stretch receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial stretch reflex and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial syncytium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial t wave. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial t wave in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrial tachycardia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrioventricular   adj. relating to or affecting the atria and ventricles of the heart
  • atrioventricular block   noun recurrent sudden attacks of unconsciousness caused by impaired conduction of the impulse that regulates the heartbeat
  • atrioventricular block as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrioventricular nodal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • atrium   noun the central area in a building; open to the sky;  any chamber that is connected to other chambers or passageways (especially one of the two upper chambers of the heart)
  • atrophy   noun any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use);  a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse;  verb undergo atrophy
  • atrophy of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • attack   noun a decisive manner of beginning a musical tone or phrase;  an offensive move in a sport or game;  the act of attacking; (military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons);  strong criticism;  the onset of a corrosive or destructive process (as by a chemical agent);  a sudden occurrence of an uncontrollable condition;  ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation;  intense adverse criticism;  verb begin to injure;  set to work upon; turn one's energies vigorously to a task;  attack in speech or writing;  take the initiative and go on the offensive;  launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with;  attack someone physically or emotionally
  • attenuation   noun the property of something that has been weakened or reduced in thickness or density;  weakening in force or intensity
  • attenuation reflex and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • attenuation reflex in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • audiogram   noun a graphical representation of a person's auditory sensitivity to sound
  • audiometer   noun an instrument used to measure the sensitivity of hearing
  • auditory   adj. of or relating to the process of hearing
  • auditory areas and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • auditory cortex   noun the cortical area that receives auditory information from the medial geniculate body
  • auditory cortex and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • auditory pathways and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • auditory receptive aphasia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • auerbach. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • augmented   adj. added to or made greater in amount or number or strength
  • augmented unipolar limb leads. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • auscultation   noun listening to sounds within the body (usually with a stethoscope)
  • auscultation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • auscultatory   adj. of or relating to auscultation
  • auscultatory method. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autoantibodies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autocrines. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autograft   noun tissue that is taken from one site and grafted to another site on the same person
  • autoimmune   adj. of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body
  • autoimmune diseases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autolysis   noun lysis of plant or animal tissue by an internal process
  • automaticity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • automaticity of body and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autonomic   adj. relating to or controlled by the autonomic nervous system
  • autonomic control. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autonomic control by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autonomic control centers of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autonomic control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autonomic ganglia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autonomic influences on. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autonomic innervation and control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autonomic nervous system   noun the part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles and heart and glands
  • autonomic reflexes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autonomic reflexes affecting. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autonomic reflexes and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autonomic regulation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autonomic regulation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autoregulation   noun (physiology) processes that maintain a generally constant physiological state in a cell or organism
  • autoregulation in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autoregulation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autoregulation of blood flow. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autoregulation of blood flow and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autoregulatory. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • autoregulatory escape. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • availability   noun the quality of being at hand when needed
  • available   adj. obtainable or accessible and ready for use or service;  convenient for use or disposal;  not busy; not otherwise committed
  • available in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • average   adj. lacking special distinction, rank, or status; commonly encountered;  around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical measures;  approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value;  lacking exceptional quality or ability;  relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values); relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution; noun a statistic describing the location of a distribution;  verbcompute the average of;  achieve or reach on average;  amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain
  • aversion   noun the act of turning yourself (or your gaze) away;  a feeling of intense dislike
  • aversion to foods causing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • aviation   noun the art of operating aircraft;  the operation of aircraft to provide transportation;  the aggregation of a country's military aircraft;  travel via aircraft
  • axes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • axes for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • axes in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • axes of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • axis   noun the center around which something rotates;  the 2nd cervical vertebra; serves as a pivot for turning the head;  a straight line through a body or figure that satisfies certain conditions;  in World War II the alliance of Germany and Italy in 1936 which later included Japan and other nations;  the main stem or central part about which plant organs or plant parts such as branches are arranged;  a group of countries in special alliance
  • axis deviation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • axis deviation in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • axon   noun long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
  • axonal   adj. of or relating to or resembling an axon
  • axonal streaming. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • axoneme. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • azathioprine   noun an immunosuppressive drug (trade name Imuran) used to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ
  • azotemia   noun accumulation in the blood of nitrogenous waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
  • b   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • b lymphocyte processing in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • b lymphocytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • babies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • baby   noun a project of personal concern to someone;  a very young mammal;  (slang) sometimes used as a term of address for attractive young women;  the youngest member of a group (not necessarily young);  a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk;  an immature childish person;  verb treat with excessive indulgence
  • bacilli. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • back   adj. located at or near the back of an animal;  related to or located at the back;  of an earlier date;  adv. in or to or toward a past time;  at or to or toward the back or rear;  in repayment or retaliation; in or to or toward a former location;  in or to or toward an original condition;  in answer;  noun the position of a player on a football team who is stationed behind the line of scrimmage;  a support that you can lean against while sitting;  the part of a garment that covers the back of your body;  the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine;  the part of something that is furthest from the normal viewer;  (football) a person who plays in the backfield;  the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book;  the side that goes last or is not normally seen;  the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord;  verb strengthen by providing with a back or backing;  establish as valid or genuine;  shift to a counterclockwise direction;  travel backward;  cause to travel backward;  support financial backing for; be behind; approve of;  be in back of;  place a bet on;  give support or one's approval to
  • bacteria   noun (microbiology) single celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered plants
  • bacterial   adj. relating to or caused by bacteria
  • bacterial action in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bacterial defenses in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bactericidal   adj. preventing infection by inhibiting the growth or action of microorganisms
  • bactericidal agents and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bag   noun a flexible container with a single opening;  a portable rectangular container for carrying clothes;  a container used for carrying money and small personal items or accessories (especially by women);  an ugly or ill tempered woman;  the quantity of game taken in a particular period (usually by one person);  the quantity that a bag will hold;  an activity that you like or at which you are superior; mammary gland of bovids (cows and sheep and goats);  place that runner must touch before scoring;  verb capture or kill, as in hunting; put into a bag;  hang loosely, like an empty bag;  take unlawfully; bulge out; form a bulge outward, or be so full as to appear to bulge
  • bainbridge. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bainbridge reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • balance   noun a scale for weighing; depends on pull of gravity; equality between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account;  the difference between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account;  equality of distribution;  a state of equilibrium;  a wheel that regulates the rate of movement in a machine; especially a wheel oscillating against the hairspring of a timepiece to regulate its beat;  a weight that balances another weight;  (mathematics) an attribute of a shape or relation; exact reflection of form on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane;  harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design);  the seventh sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about September 23 to October 22;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Libra;  something left after other parts have been taken away;  verbcompute credits and debits of an account;  bring into balance or equilibrium;  be in equilibrium;  hold or carry in equilibrium
  • balance of intake and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • baldness   noun the condition of having no hair on the top of the head
  • ballistic   adj. relating to or characteristic of the motion of objects moving under their own momentum and the force of gravity
  • ballistic movements. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ballistic movements and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • band   noun a thin flat strip of flexible material that is worn around the body or one of the limbs (especially to decorate the body);  an adornment consisting of a strip of a contrasting color or material;  a restraint put around something to hold it together;  a strip of material attached to the leg of a bird to identify it (as in studies of bird migration);  a thin flat strip or loop of flexible material that goes around or over something else;  a stripe or stripes of contrasting color;  a range of frequencies between two limits;  instrumentalists not including string players;  jewelry consisting of a circlet of precious metal (often set with jewels) worn on the finger;  a cord like tissue connecting two larger parts of an anatomical structure;  an unofficial association of people or groups;  a group of musicians playing popular music for dancing;  verb bind or tie together, as with a band; attach a ring to the foot of, in order to identify
  • band structure of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • banding   noun an adornment consisting of a strip of a contrasting color or material;  a stripe or stripes of contrasting color
  • bands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • barometric   adj. relating to atmospheric pressure or indicated by a barometer
  • barometric pressure   noun atmospheric pressure as indicated by a barometer
  • barometric pressures at. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • baroreceptor   noun a sensory receptor that responds to pressure
  • baroreceptor reflexes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • baroreceptor signals and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • baroreceptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • baroreceptors and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • barrier   noun a structure or object that impedes free movement; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective;  anything serving to maintain separation by obstructing vision or access
  • barrier between blood and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • barriers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • barriers at. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bars   noun gymnastic apparatus consisting of two parallel wooden rods supported on uprights
  • bartholin   noun Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585 1629)
  • bartholin glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bartter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basal   adj. of primary importance;  serving as or forming a base; especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root like stem
  • basal ganglia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basal ganglia and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basal ganglia in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basal ganglia input from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basal level of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basal metabolic rate   noun the rate at which heat is produced by an individual in a resting state
  • basal metabolic rate and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basal secretion in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • base   adj. debased; not genuine;  illegitimate;  having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality;  of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense);  not adhering to ethical or moral principles; (used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal;  serving as or forming a base;  noun a support or foundation;  place that runner must touch before scoring;  (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector;  installation from which a military force initiates operations;  a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit;  the principal ingredient of a mixture;  the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end;  (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment;  the bottom or lowest part;  (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place;  the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed;  any of various water soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water;  lowest support of a structure;  the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area;  the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained;  (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed;  a lower limit;  a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries;  the most important or necessary part of something;  verb use as a basis for; found on;  assign to a station;  use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes
  • basement   noun the lowermost portion of a structure partly or wholly below ground level; often used for storage;  the ground floor facade or interior in Renaissance architecture
  • basement membrane. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basic   adj. of or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base; serving as a base or starting point;  pertaining to or constituting a base or basis;  reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality;  noun (usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant;  a popular programming language that is relatively easy to learn; an acronym for beginner's all purpose symbolic instruction code; no longer in general use
  • basic characteristics common to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basic mechanisms of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basic principles of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basic requirements for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
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  • basic theories of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
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  • basilar   adj. of or relating to or located at the base
  • basilar fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basilar membrane   noun a membrane in the cochlea that supports the organ of Corti
  • basis   noun the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained;  the most important or necessary part of something;  a relation that provides the foundation for something
  • basket   noun a score in basketball made by throwing the ball through the hoop;  a container that is usually woven and has handles;  horizontal circular metal hoop supporting a net through which players try to throw the basketball;  the quantity contained in a basket
  • basket cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basophil   noun a leukocyte with basophilic granules easily stained by basic stains
  • basophil erythroblasts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • basophils. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bathorhodopsin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • beat   adj. very tired;  noun the act of beating to windward; sailing as close as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing;  a stroke or blow;  a regular rate of repetition;  the sound of stroke or blow;  a regular route for a sentry or policeman;  a single pulsation of an oscillation produced by adding two waves of different frequencies; has a frequency equal to the difference between the two oscillations;  the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music; (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse;  the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart;  a member of the beat generation; a nonconformist in dress and behavior;  verb come out better in a competition, race, or conflict;  give a beating to; subject to a beating, either as a punishment or as an act of aggression;  hit repeatedly;  strike (water or bushes) repeatedly to rouse animals for hunting;  strike (a part of one's own body) repeatedly, as in great emotion or in accompaniment to music;  stir vigorously;  shape by beating;  produce a rhythm by striking repeatedly;  make by pounding or trampling; move rhythmically;  indicate by beating, as with the fingers or drumsticks;  sail with much tacking or with difficulty;  move with a flapping motion;  move with a thrashing motion;  glare or strike with great intensity;  avoid paying;  be superior;  wear out completely;  be a mystery or bewildering to;  beat through cleverness and wit;  move with or as if with a regular alternating motion;  make a rhythmic sound;  make a sound like a clock or a timer
  • beats   noun a United States youth subculture of the 1950s; rejected possessions or regular work or traditional dress; for communal living and psychedelic drugs and anarchism; favored modern forms of jazz (e.g., bebop)
  • behavior   noun manner of acting or controlling yourself; (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation;  the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances;  (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
  • behavioral   adj. of or relating to behavior
  • behavioral control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • behavioral functions of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bends   noun pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
  • benefit   noun something that aids or promotes well being;  a performance to raise money for a charitable cause;  financial assistance in time of need;  verb be beneficial for;  derive a benefit from
  • benefit of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • benign   adj. pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence; kindness of disposition or manner;  not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
  • bergh. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • beriberi   noun avitaminosis caused by lack of thiamine (vitamin B1)
  • beta   adj. preliminary or testing stage of a software or hardware product;  second in order of importance;  noun the 2nd letter of the Greek alphabet;  beets
  • beta adrenergic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • beta adrenergic receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • beta aminoisobutyricaciduria. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • beta amyloid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • beta amyloid peptide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • beta blockers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • beta oxidation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • beta oxidation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • beta oxidation of fatty acids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • beta waves. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • between   adv. in between;  in the interval
  • betz. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • betz cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bicarbonate   noun a salt of carbonic acid (containing the anion HCO3) in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced; an acid carbonate
  • bicarbonate buffer system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bicarbonate buffer system and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bicarbonate chloride. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bicarbonate chloride carrier protein. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bicarbonate excretion in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bicarbonate in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bicarbonate reabsorption and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bicarbonate reabsorption in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bilayer. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bile   noun a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
  • bile acids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bile acids and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bile canaliculi. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bile ducts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bile in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bile salt synthesis by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bile salts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bile salts and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bile salts synthesized from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bile secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bile secretion by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bilirubin   noun an orange yellow pigment in the bile that forms as a product of hemoglobin; excess amounts in the blood produce the yellow appearance observed in jaundice
  • bilirubin and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bilirubin transport by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • biliverdin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • binding   adj. causing constipation;  hindering freedom of movement;  executed with proper legal authority;  noun the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book;  strip sewn over or along an edge for reinforcement or decoration;  the capacity to attract and hold something;  the act of applying a bandage
  • binding globulin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • binocular   adj. relating to both eyes
  • binocular vision   noun vision involving the use of both eyes
  • biphosphate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bipolar   adj. having two poles;  of, pertaining to, or occurring in both polar regions;  of or relating to manic depressive illness
  • bipolar cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bipolar disorder   noun a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
  • bipolar limb leads. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • birth   noun the event of being born;  the time when something begins (especially life);  the process of giving birth;  the kinship relation of an offspring to the parents;  verb cause_to_be_born
  • bitemporal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bitemporal hemianopsia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bitter   adj. proceeding from or exhibiting great hostility or animosity; expressive of severe grief or regret;  one of the four basic taste sensations; sharp and disagreeable; like the taste of quinine;  very difficult to accept or bear;  marked by strong resentment or cynicism; causing a sharply painful or stinging sensation; used especially of cold;  harsh or corrosive in tone;  adv. extremely and sharply;  nounthe taste experience when quinine or coffee is taken into the mouth; English term for a dry sharp tasting ale with strong flavor of hops (usually on draft);  the property of having a harsh unpleasant taste; verb make bitter
  • bitter taste. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bitter taste of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bizarre   adj. conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual
  • bizarre patterns of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bladder   noun a bag that fills with air;  a distensible membranous sac (usually containing liquid or gas)
  • bladder and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blastocyst   noun the blastula of mammals
  • bleeding   noun flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
  • bleeding tendencies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bleeding time. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bleeding volume and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blind   adj. unable or unwilling to perceive or understand;  not based on reason or evidence;  unable to see;  noun something that keeps things out or hinders sight;  a hiding place sometimes used by hunters (especially duck hunters);  people who have severe visual impairments, considered as a group;  something intended to misrepresent the true nature of an activity;  verb make dim by comparison or conceal;  make blind by putting the eyes out;  render unable to see
  • blind spot   noun the point where the optic nerve enters the retina; not sensitive to light;  a subject about which you are ignorant or prejudiced and fail to exercise good judgment
  • blindness   noun the state of being blind or lacking sight
  • blobs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • block   noun a solid piece of something (usually having flat rectangular sides);  housing in a large building that is divided into separate units;  an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do; often caused by emotional tension;  a number or quantity of related things dealt with as a unit;  a rectangular area in a city surrounded by streets and usually containing several buildings; (computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted;  a three dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides;  the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements;  a platform from which an auctioneer sells; an obstruction in a pipe or tube;  a metal casting containing the cylinders and cooling ducts of an engine;  a simple machine consisting of a wheel with a groove in which a rope can run to change the direction or point of application of a force applied to the rope;  verb shape into a block or blocks;  shape by using a block; support, secure, or raise with a block;  stamp or emboss a title or design on a book with a block;  interrupt the normal function of by means of anesthesia;  run on a block system;  prohibit the conversion or use of (assets);  be unable to remember;  interfere with or prevent the reception of signals;  impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball);  block passage through;  render unsuitable for passage; obstruct;  shut out from view or get in the way so as to hide from sight;  hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of;  stop from happening or developing
  • blockage   noun the act of blocking;  an obstruction in a pipe or tube;  the state or condition of being obstructed
  • blockage at. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blockage in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blockage of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blockers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blocking   noun the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements
  • blocking of conduction by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blocking of impulses in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blocking pancreatic duct. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blocks. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blocks in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood   noun temperament or disposition;  the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart;  people viewed as members of a group;  the descendants of one individual;  a dissolute man in fashionable society;  verb smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
  • blood brain. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood brain barrier. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood brain barrier and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood cholesterol and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood coagulation   noun a process in which liquid blood is changed into a semisolid mass (a blood clot)
  • blood coagulation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood flow. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
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  • blood flow control to skeletal muscle and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood flow distribution. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
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  • blood gases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood gases and ph. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood glucose   noun glucose in the bloodstream
  • blood glucose concentration and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood level of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood pressure   noun the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels; results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart; sometimes measured for a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • blood pressure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
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  • blood reservoirs and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood supply of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood supply to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood transfusion   noun the introduction of blood or blood plasma into a vein or artery
  • blood types. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood types in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood typing   noun determining a person's blood type by serological methods
  • blood vessels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood volume. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • blood volume and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
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  • blue   adj. causing dejection;  of the color intermediate between green and violet; having a color similar to that of a clear unclouded sky;  low in spirits;  morally rigorous and strict;  used to signify the Union forces in the American Civil War (who wore blue uniforms); suggestive of sexual impropriety;  characterized by profanity or cursing;  belonging to or characteristic of the nobility or aristocracy; noun any of numerous small butterflies of the family Lycaenidae; blue clothing;  blue color or pigment; resembling the color of the clear sky in the daytime;  any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are blue;  the sodium salt of amobarbital that is used as a barbiturate; used as a sedative and a hypnotic;  the sky as viewed during daylight;  used to whiten laundry or hair or give it a bluish tinge;  verb turn blue
  • blue weakness. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bmi. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bmr   noun the rate at which heat is produced by an individual in a resting state
  • bodies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • body   noun the external structure of a vehicle;  the entire structure of an organism (especially an animal or human being);  a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person;  the central message of a communication;  a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity;  a collection of particulars considered as a system;  an individual 3 dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; the property of holding together and retaining its shape;  the body excluding the head and neck and limbs;  verb invest with or as with a body; give body to
  • body content of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • body fluid effects of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • body fluid system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
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  • body fluids and salt in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • body heat in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • body mass index. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • body temperature and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • body weight and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bohr   noun Danish physicist who studied atomic structure and radiations; the Bohr theory of the atom accounted for the spectrum of hydrogen (1885 1962)
  • bohr effect. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bonding   noun fastening firmly together;  (dentistry) a technique for repairing a tooth; resinous material is applied to the surface of the tooth where it adheres to the tooth's enamel;  a close personal relationship that forms between people (as between husband and wife or parent and child)
  • bonds. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bone   adj. consisting of or made up of bone;  noun a shade of white the color of bleached bones;  rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates;  the porous calcified substance from which bones are made;  verb remove the bones from;  study intensively, as before an exam
  • bone conduction and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bone fluid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bone marrow   noun the fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones;  very tender and very nutritious tissue from marrowbones
  • bone marrow aplasia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bone resorption and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bony   adj. having bones especially many or prominent bones;  very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold;  composed of or containing bone
  • bony labyrinth   noun cavity in the petrous part of the temporal bone that contains the membranous labyrinth
  • border   noun a strip forming the outer edge of something;  a decorative recessed or relieved surface on an edge;  a line that indicates a boundary;  the boundary of a surface;  the boundary line or the area immediately inside the boundary;  verb lie adjacent to another or share a boundary;  provide with a border or edge;  extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle;  enclose in or as if in a frame;  form the boundary of; be contiguous to
  • botulinum   noun anaerobic bacterium producing botulin the toxin that causes botulism
  • botulinum toxin   noun any of several neurotoxins that are produced by the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum; causes muscle paralysis
  • bound   adj. confined by bonds;  secured with a cover or binding; often used as a combining form;  (usually followed by `to') governed by fate;  confined in the bowels;  held with another element, substance or material in chemical or physical union;  headed or intending to head in a certain direction; often used as a combining form as in `college bound students';  bound by an oath;  bound by contract;  covered or wrapped with a bandage;  noun a light, self propelled movement upwards or forwards;  the greatest possible degree of something;  the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something;  a line determining the limits of an area;  verb form the boundary of; be contiguous to;  place limits on (extent or access); spring back; spring away from an impact;  move forward by leaps and bounds
  • bowel   noun the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • bowel activity and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bowman   noun a person who is expert in the use of a bow and arrow
  • box   noun a blow with the hand (usually on the ear);  a (usually rectangular) container; may have a lid;  separate partitioned area in a public place for a few people;  private area in a theater or grandstand where a small group can watch the performance;  the driver's seat on a coach;  any one of several designated areas on a ball field where the batter or catcher or coaches are positioned;  evergreen shrubs or small trees;  the quantity contained in a box;  a rectangular drawing;  a predicament from which a skillful or graceful escape is impossible; verb engage in a boxing match;  hit with the fist;  put into a box
  • boxes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • boyle   noun Irish chemist who established that air has weight and whose definitions of chemical elements and chemical reactions helped to dissociate chemistry from alchemy (1627 1691);  United States writer (1902 1992)
  • bpg. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bradycardia   noun abnormally slow heartbeat
  • bradycardia and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bradycardia as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bradycardia in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bradykinin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bradykinin as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bradykinin induced. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain   noun that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord;  mental ability;  the brain of certain animals used as meat;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality;  verb kill by smashing someone's skull;  hit on the head
  • brain damage. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain edema. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain edema and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain edema secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain lesions or surgery and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain metabolism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain metabolism in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain stem   noun the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
  • brain stem control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain stem excitatory area and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain stem excitatory signals and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain stem in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain stem nuclei and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain waves. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brain waves in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bran   noun food prepared from the husks of cereal grains;  broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
  • branch   noun an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization;  a stream or river connected to a larger one;  a division of a stem, or secondary stem arising from the main stem of a plant;  a part of a forked or branching shape;  any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm;  a natural consequence of development;  verb divide into two or more branches so as to form a fork;  grow and send out branches or branch like structures
  • branches. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • braxton. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • braxton hicks contractions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • breaks. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • breaks in membrane of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • breast   noun the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen;  either of two soft fleshy milk secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman;  meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit;  meet at breast level;  confront bodily
  • breast development and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • breasts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • breath   noun the process of taking in and expelling air during breathing;  a slight movement of the air;  the air that is inhaled and exhaled in respiration;  a short respite;  an indirect suggestion
  • breathing   adj. passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally; sometimes used in combination;  noun the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation
  • breathing air vs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • breathing oxygen in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • breathing pure oxygen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • broca   noun French anthropologist who studied the craniums and brains of different races of people; remembered for his discovery that articulate speech depends on an area of the brain now known as Broca's area (1824 1880)
  • brodmann. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bronchi. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bronchial   adj. relating to or associated with the bronchi
  • bronchial circulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bronchiolar   adj. of or relating to or involving bronchioles
  • bronchiolar constriction caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bronchiolar dilation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bronchiole   noun any of the smallest bronchial ducts; ending in alveoli
  • bronchioles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bronchoconstriction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bronchoconstriction and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bronchoconstriction caused. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brown fat. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brown s. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brunner. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brunner glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • brush   noun contact with something dangerous or undesirable;  the act of brushing your hair;  the act of brushing your teeth;  a minor short term fight;  an implement that has hairs or bristles firmly set into a handle;  conducts current between rotating and stationary parts of a generator or motor;  momentary contact;  a dense growth of bushes;  verb remove with or as if with a brush;  touch lightly and briefly;  rub with a brush, or as if with a brush;  clean with a brush; cover by brushing;  sweep across or over
  • brush border. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • buccal   adj. toward the inside of the cheek;  lying within the mouth; of or relating to or toward the cheek
  • buccal glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bud   noun a partially opened flower;  a swelling on a plant stem consisting of overlapping immature leaves or petals;  verb start to grow or develop;  develop buds
  • buds. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • buffer   noun a cushion like device that reduces shock due to contact;  a power tool used to buff surfaces;  (computer science) a part of RAM used for temporary storage of data that is waiting to be sent to a device; used to compensate for differences in the rate of flow of data between components of a computer system;  an ionic compound that resists changes in its pH;  an implement consisting of soft material mounted on a block; used for polishing (as in manicuring);  an inclined metal frame at the front of a locomotive to clear the track;  verb add a buffer (a solution);  protect from impact
  • buffer nerves. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • buffer systems. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • buffer systems in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • buffering. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • buffering by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • buffers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • buffers in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • building   noun a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place;  the occupants of a building; the act of constructing something;  the commercial activity involved in repairing old structures or constructing new ones
  • building blocks of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bulb   noun a rounded part of a cylindrical instrument (usually at one end);  a rounded dilation or expansion in a canal or vessel or organ; a modified bud consisting of a thickened globular underground stem serving as a reproductive structure;  electric lamp consisting of a transparent or translucent glass housing containing a wire filament (usually tungsten) that emits light when heated by electricity;  lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata)
  • bulboreticular. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bulboreticular facilitatory region. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bulbourethral. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bulbourethral glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bulk   noun the property possessed by a large mass;  the property of something that is great in magnitude;  the property resulting from being or relating to the greater in number of two parts; the main part; verb stick out or up;  cause to bulge or swell outwards
  • bulk flow. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bumetanide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bundle   noun a package of several things tied together for carrying or storing;  a collection of things wrapped or boxed together;  a large sum of money (especially as pay or profit);  verb sleep fully clothed in the same bed with one's betrothed;  make into a bundle;  compress into a wad;  gather or cause to gather into a cluster
  • bundle branch block. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bundle branches. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bundle of his   noun a bundle of modified heart muscle that transmits the cardiac impulse from the atrioventricular node to the ventricles causing them to contract
  • bundles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • burns   noun celebrated Scottish poet (1759 1796);  United States comedian and film actor (1896 1996)
  • bursts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by   adv. so as to pass a given point;  in reserve; not for immediate use
  • by acth. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by alpha cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by antibodies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by brain tissue. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by calcium pump. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by carbon dioxide increase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by complement. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by complement system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by cortisol. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by enkephalin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by eosinophils. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by female glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by growth hormone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by heart   adv. by committing to memory
  • by hypothalamus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by insulin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by lenses. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by local tissue flows. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by lymphocytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by male glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by monocytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by nervous system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by neutrophils. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by osmoreceptor adh system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by ossicular system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by pancreatic lipase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by panting. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by pentose phosphate pathway. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by principal cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by purkinje fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by renal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by renin angiotensin system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by sodium potassium pump. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by spleen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by thirst. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by thyroid hormones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • by venous return. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • bypass   noun a road that takes traffic around the edge of a town;  a surgically created shunt (usually around a damaged part);  a conductor having low resistance in parallel with another device to divert a fraction of the current;  verb avoid something unpleasant or laborious
  • bypass surgery for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • c   noun the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet;  (music) the keynote of the scale of C major;  a general purpose programing language closely associated with the UNIX operating system;  street names for cocaine;  a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second;  a degree on the centigrade scale of temperature;  an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds; a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  the speed at which light travels in a vacuum; the constancy and universality of the speed of light is recognized by defining it to be exactly 299,792,458 meters per second
  • c cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • c fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • c peptide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • c peptide in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cachexia   noun any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
  • caffeine   noun a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  • cage   noun an enclosure made or wire or metal bars in which birds or animals can be kept;  the net that is the goal in ice hockey;  United States composer of avant garde music (1912 1992);  something that restricts freedom as a cage restricts movement;  a movable screen placed behind home base to catch balls during batting practice;  verbconfine in a cage
  • caisson   noun large watertight chamber used for construction under water;  a chest to hold ammunition;  a two wheeled military vehicle carrying artillery ammunition;  an ornamental sunken panel in a ceiling or dome
  • caisson disease   noun pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
  • cajal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calbindin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcarine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcarine fissure   noun a sulcus in the mesial surface of the occipital lobe of the cerebrum
  • calcification   noun a process that impregnates something with calcium (or calcium salts);  an inflexible and unchanging state;  tissue hardened by deposition of lime salts
  • calcification of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcitonin   noun thyroid hormone that tends to lower the level of calcium in the blood plasma and inhibit resorption of bone
  • calcitonin and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcitonin in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcitonin secretion in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcitriol. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium   noun a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • calcium absorption and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium and vitamin d deficiency in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium atpase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium bound to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium calmodulin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium calmodulin and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium carbonate   noun a salt found in nature as chalk or calcite or aragonite or limestone
  • calcium channels and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium channels in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium deposition in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium exchange with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium excretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium homeostasis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium ion channels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium ion concentration and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium ions and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium ions in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium loss in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium pumps. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium reabsorption in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium release channels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium sensing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium sensing receptor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium sensing receptor coupled to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium sodium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calcium sodium channels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calciumsodium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calculated   adj. carefully thought out in advance
  • calculation   noun the procedure of calculating; determining something by mathematical or logical methods;  planning something carefully and intentionally;  problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
  • calculation from renal clearance. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calculation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calculations. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calculations for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calibration   noun the act of checking or adjusting (by comparison with a standard) the accuracy of a measuring instrument
  • callosum. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calmodulin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calmodulin and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calmodulin dependent. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • calorie   noun unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure;  a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree at one atmosphere pressure; used by nutritionists to characterize the energy producing potential in food
  • calorimeter   noun a measuring instrument that determines quantities of heat
  • calsequestrin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • camera   noun equipment for taking photographs (usually consisting of a lightproof box with a lens at one end and light sensitive film at the other);  television equipment consisting of a lens system that focuses an image on a photosensitive mosaic that is scanned by an electron beam
  • camera analogy in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • camp   adj. providing sophisticated amusement by virtue of having artificially (and vulgarly) mannered or banal or sentimental qualities; noun temporary living quarters specially built by the army for soldiers;  temporary lodgings in the country for travelers or vacationers;  a prison for forced laborers;  a site where care and activities are provided for children during the summer months; shelter for persons displaced by war or political oppression or for religious beliefs;  something that is considered amusing not because of its originality but because of its unoriginality;  a group of people living together in a camp;  an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose;  verb give an artificially banal or sexual quality to; establish or set up a camp;  live in or as if in a tent
  • camp dependent. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • camp dependent protein kinase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • canal   noun long and narrow strip of water made for boats or for irrigation;  (astronomy) an indistinct surface feature of Mars once thought to be a system of channels; they are now believed to be an optical illusion;  a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance;  verb provide (a city) with a canal
  • canal of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • canaliculi. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cancer   noun type genus of the family Cancridae;  the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22;  a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer;  any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
  • cancer caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cancer growth and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cancer of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capacitance   noun an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored;  an electrical device characterized by its capacity to store an electric charge
  • capacitation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capacitation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capacities. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capacity   noun a specified function;  the maximum production possible;  tolerance for alcohol;  ability to perform or produce;  the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability to understand the facts and significance of your behavior;  (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive; the amount that can be contained;  an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored;  the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment
  • capillaries. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capillaries impermeable to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capillaries of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capillarity   noun a phenomenon associated with surface tension and resulting in the elevation or depression of liquids in capillaries
  • capillary   adj. long and slender with a very small internal diameter; of or relating to hair;  noun a tube of small internal diameter; holds liquid by capillary action;  any of the minute blood vessels connecting arterioles with venules
  • capillary blood flow. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capillary dynamics in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capillary filtration and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capillary filtration coefficient. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capillary fluid shift. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capillary pores in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capillary pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • capsule   noun a pill in the form of a small rounded gelatinous container with medicine inside;  a small container;  a structure that encloses a body part;  a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore containing structure of e.g. mosses;  a pilot's seat in an airplane that can be forcibly ejected in the case of an emergency; then the pilot descends by parachute;  a spacecraft designed to transport people and support human life in outer space;  a shortened version of a written work;  verb enclose in a capsule;  put in a short or concise form; reduce in volume
  • carbachol. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbaminohemoglobin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbohydrate   noun an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
  • carbohydrate absence and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbohydrate digestion in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbohydrate metabolism and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbohydrate utilization and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbohydrates. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbohydrates and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbohydrates as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbon   noun a copy made with carbon paper;  an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds;  a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
  • carbon dioxide   noun a heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances; absorbed from the air by plants in photosynthesis
  • carbon dioxide concentration. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbon dioxide diffusion through. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbon dioxide dissociation curve. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbon dioxide in blood and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbon dioxide partial pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbon dioxide partial pressure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbon dioxide transport and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbon dioxide transport by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbon dioxide transported as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbon monoxide   noun an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon
  • carbon monoxide method. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbonate   noun a salt or ester of carbonic acid (containing the anion CO3);  verb treat with carbon dioxide;  turn into a carbonate
  • carbonate ions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbonic   adj. relating to or consisting of or yielding carbon
  • carbonic acid   noun a weak acid known only in solution; formed when carbon dioxide combines with water
  • carbonic anhydrase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carboxylase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carboxypolypeptidase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carcinogens. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac   adj. of or relating to the heart
  • cardiac action potential and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac arrest caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac arrest during. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac catheterization. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac cycle   noun the complete cycle of events in the heart from the beginning of one heart beat to the beginning of the next; an electrical impulse conducted through the heart muscle that constricts the atria which is followed by constriction of the ventricles
  • cardiac cycle and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac effects of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac failure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac failure associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac hypertrophy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac hypertrophy in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac hypertrophy leading to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac impulse in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac index. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac innervation by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac muscle   noun the muscle tissue of the heart; adapted to continued rhythmic contraction
  • cardiac muscle as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac muscle contraction and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac output   noun the amount of blood pumped out by the ventricles in a given period of time
  • cardiac output and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac output curve. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac output curve and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac output curves. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac output during. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac output estimated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac output in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac output with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac regulation by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac reserve. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac surgery. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiac work. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiogenic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiogenic shock   noun shock caused by cardiac arrest
  • cardiogenic shock secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiopulmonary   adj. of or pertaining to or affecting both the heart and the lungs and their functions
  • cardiopulmonary resuscitation   noun an emergency procedure consisting of external cardiac massage and artificial respiration; the first treatment for a person who has collapsed and has no pulse and has stopped breathing; attempts to restore circulation of the blood and prevent death or brain damage due to lack of oxygen
  • cardiotachometer. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiotonic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiotonic drugs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiovascular   adj. of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels
  • cardiovascular system and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cardiovascular system in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • caries   noun soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth
  • caries and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carnitine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carotenoids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carotid   adj. of or relating to either of the two major arteries supplying blood to the head and neck
  • carotid baroreceptors and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carotid bodies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carotid bodies and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carotid sinus baroreceptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carotid sinus syndrome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carried. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carrier   noun (genetics) an organism that possesses a recessive gene whose effect is masked by a dominant allele; the associated trait is not apparent but can be passed on to offspring;  a rack attached to a vehicle; for carrying luggage or skis or the like;  a self propelled wheeled vehicle designed specifically to carry something; a person or firm in the business of transporting people or goods or messages;  (medicine) a person (or animal) who has some pathogen to which he is immune but who can pass it on to others;  a boy who delivers newspapers;  someone whose employment involves carrying something;  an inactive substance that is a vehicle for a radioactive tracer of the same substance and that assists in its recovery after some chemical reaction;  a large warship that carries planes and has a long flat deck for takeoffs and landings;  a man who delivers the mail;  a radio wave that can be modulated in order to transmit a signal
  • carrier mediated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carrier mediated diffusion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • carrier proteins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cartilage   noun tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults
  • cartilage and bone growth and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • caspases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • casr. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • catalases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cataracts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cataracts in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • catechol o methyl. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • catechol o methyl transferase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • catecholamines. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • catheter   noun a thin flexible tube inserted into the body to permit introduction or withdrawal of fluids or to keep the passageway open
  • catheter based. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • catheter based treatment of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cations. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • caudate   adj. having a tail or taillike appendage;  of a leaf shape; tapering gradually into a long taillike tip;  noun amphibians that resemble lizards;  a tail shaped basal ganglion located in a lateral ventricle of the brain
  • caudate circuit. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • caudate nucleus   noun a tail shaped basal ganglion located in a lateral ventricle of the brain
  • caudate nucleus and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cause   noun a justification for something existing or happening; events that provide the generative force that is the origin of something;  any entity that produces an effect or is responsible for events or results;  a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end;  a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy;  verb give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally;  cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner
  • caused. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • causes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • causes of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • causes of death after. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • causing   noun the act of causing something to happen
  • causing edema. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • causing pulmonary edema. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • caveolae. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • caveolins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cavity   noun (anatomy) a natural hollow or sinus within the body; soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth;  space that is surrounded by something;  a sizeable hole (usually in the ground)
  • cck. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cecum   noun the cavity in which the large intestine begins and into which the ileum opens
  • celiac   adj. belonging to or prescribed for celiac disease;  of or in or belonging to the cavity of the abdomen
  • celiac disease   noun a disorder in children and adults; inability to tolerate wheat protein (gluten); symptoms include foul smelling diarrhea and emaciation; often accompanied by lactose intolerance
  • celiac ganglion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cell   noun (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals;  a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction;  a room where a prisoner is kept;  small room is which a monk or nun lives;  any small compartment;  a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement;  a hand held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short range transmitter/receiver
  • cell death   noun (physiology) the normal degeneration and death of living cells (as in various epithelial cells)
  • cell differentiation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cell differentiation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cell differentiation in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cell growth. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cell mediated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cell mediated immunity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cell membrane   noun a thin membrane (a double layer of lipids) enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell; proteins in the membrane control passage of ions (like sodium or potassium or calcium) in and out of the cell
  • cell reproduction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cell types in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cell volume. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cells secreting. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cellular   adj. characterized by or divided into or containing cells or compartments (the smallest organizational or structural unit of an organism or organization);  relating to cells
  • cellulose   noun a polysaccharide that is the chief constituent of all plant tissues and fibers
  • cementum   noun a specialized bony substance covering the root of a tooth
  • center   adj. equally distant from the extremes;  of or belonging to neither the right nor the left politically or intellectually;  noun a position on a basketball team of the player who participates in the jump that starts the game;  the position of the player on the line of scrimmage who puts the ball in play;  the position on a hockey team of the player who participates in the face off at the beginning of the game;  a building dedicated to a particular activity;  a cluster of nerve cells governing a specific bodily process;  the object upon which interest and attention focuses;  the sweet central portion of a piece of candy that is enclosed in chocolate or some other covering; politically moderate persons; centrists;  the middle of a military or naval formation;  a place where some particular activity is concentrated;  a point equidistant from the ends of a line or the extremities of a figure;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region;  (football) the person who plays center on the line of scrimmage and snaps the ball to the quarterback;  (basketball) the person who plays center on a basketball team;  (ice hockey) the person who plays center on a hockey team;  the piece of ground in the outfield directly ahead of the catcher;  mercantile establishment consisting of a carefully landscaped complex of shops representing leading merchandisers; usually includes restaurants and a convenient parking area; a modern version of the traditional marketplace;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  verb move into the center;  direct one's attention on something;  center upon
  • centers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • central   adj. in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area;  centrally located and easy to reach;  used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place;  serving as an essential component;  noun a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • central control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • central fissure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • central lacteal of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • central mechanisms in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • central nervous system   noun the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
  • central nervous system and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • central nervous system control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • central nervous system ischemic response. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • central retina and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • central role of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • central venous catheter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • central venous pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • centrifugal   adj. tending to move away from a center;  conveying information to the muscles from the CNS;  tending away from centralization, as of authority
  • centrifugal acceleratory forces. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • centrioles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • centromere   noun a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape
  • centrosome   noun small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus; contains the centrioles and serves to organize the microtubules
  • cephalic   adj. of or relating to the head
  • cephalic phase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cephalin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cephalins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebellar   adj. relating to or associated with the cerebellum
  • cerebellar communication with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebellar control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebellar functions and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebellar input from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebellar input to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebellar lesions and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebellar signals to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebellum   noun a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
  • cerebellum and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebellum in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebral   adj. involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • cerebral activation by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebral blood flow. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebral blood flow and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebral circulation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebral cortex   noun the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
  • cerebral cortex and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebral cortex in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebral inhibition by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebral ischemia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebral ischemia and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebral substitute for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebrocerebellum. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebrocerebellum and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebrospinal   adj. of or relating to the brain and spinal cord
  • cerebrospinal fluid   noun clear liquid produced in the ventricles of the brain; fills and protects cavities in the brain and spinal cord
  • cerebrospinal fluid barrier. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebrospinal fluid pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebrospinal fluid pressure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebrovascular   adj. of or relating to the brain and the blood vessels that supply it
  • cerebrovascular disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cerebrovascular disease and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ceruleus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cervical   adj. relating to or associated with the neck;  of or relating to the cervix of the uterus
  • cervical mucus and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cessation   noun a stopping
  • cessation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cfu. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cgmp. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chain   noun a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament;  a necklace made by a stringing objects together;  anything that acts as a restraint;  a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership;  a series of things depending on each other as if linked together;  (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule);  British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906 1979);  a unit of length;  a series of hills or mountains;  verb fasten or secure with chains;  connect or arrange into a chain by linking
  • chains   noun metal shackles; for hands or legs
  • change   noun the action of changing something;  a different or fresh set of clothes;  a thing that is different;  an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another;  the result of alteration or modification;  money received in return for its equivalent in a larger denomination or a different currency;  the balance of money received when the amount you tender is greater than the amount due;  coins of small denomination regarded collectively;  a relational difference between states; especially between states before and after some event;  a difference that is usually pleasant; verb undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature;  make or become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence;  cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category;  remove or replace the coverings of;  change clothes; put on different clothes;  lay aside, abandon, or leave for another; become deeper in tone;  change from one vehicle or transportation line to another;  give to, and receive from, one another
  • changes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • changing   adj. marked by continuous change or effective action
  • channel   noun a passage for water (or other fluids) to flow through; a television station and its programs;  a path over which electrical signals can pass;  (often plural) a means of communication or access;  a deep and relatively narrow body of water (as in a river or a harbor or a strait linking two larger bodies) that allows the best passage for vessels;  a way of selling a company's product either directly or via distributors;  a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance;  a long narrow furrow cut either by a natural process (such as erosion) or by a tool (as e.g. a groove in a phonograph record);  verb direct the flow of;  send from one person or place to another;  transmit or serve as the medium for transmission
  • channels   noun official routes of communication
  • character   noun (genetics) an attribute (structural or functional) that is determined by a gene or group of genes;  the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions;  an actor's portrayal of someone in a play;  a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability;  a written symbol that is used to represent speech;  a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities);  good repute;  a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something;  an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story);  verb engrave or inscribe characters on
  • characteristics. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • characteristics in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • characteristics of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical   adj. relating to or used in chemistry;  of or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes;  noun produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
  • chemical energy expended and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical energy expended in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical energy for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical formula of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical gating. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical messenger systems and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical messengers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical pain stimuli. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical steps in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical structure of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical structures of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical synapses. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemical thermogenesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemicals. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemiosmotic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemiosmotic mechanism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemistry   noun the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions;  the way two individuals relate to each other
  • chemistry of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemoreceptor   noun a sensory receptor that responds to chemical stimuli
  • chemoreceptor reflexes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemoreceptor transmission to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemoreceptor trigger zone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemoreceptor trigger zone in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemoreceptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemoreceptors and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemosensitive. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemosensitive area. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemotactic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemotaxis   noun movement by a cell or organism in reaction to a chemical stimulus
  • chemotaxis by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chemotaxis of leukocytes in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chenodeoxycholic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chenodeoxycholic acid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chest   noun box with a lid; used for storage; usually large and sturdy;  furniture with drawers for keeping clothes;  the part of the human torso between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates
  • chest leads. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chewing   noun biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow
  • chewing and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chewing reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cheyne stokes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cheyne stokes breathing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cheyne stokes breathing and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cheyne stokes breathing in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chief cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • child   noun a young person of either sex;  a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age;  an immature childish person;  a member of a clan or tribe
  • childhood   noun the state of a child between infancy and adolescence;  the time of person's life when they are a child
  • childhood development of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chills. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chills associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chloride   noun any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion);  any compound containing a chlorine atom
  • chloride bicarbonate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chloride bicarbonate exchanger. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chloride channels and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chloride iodide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chloride iodide counter transporter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chloride ion channels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chloride ions and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chloride shift. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholecalciferol. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholecystokinin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholecystokinin and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholecystokinin release and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholesterol and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholesterol desmolase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholesterol ester hydrolase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholesterol esterase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholesterol esters. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholesterol in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholesterol synthesis from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholesterol used by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholesterol used for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholic acid   noun an insoluble crystalline acid present in bile
  • cholic acid for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • choline   noun a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of lecithin; essential in the metabolism of fat
  • choline acetyltransferase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholinergic   adj. releasing or activated by acetylcholine or a related compound
  • cholinergic and adrenergic fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholinergic drugs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholinergic fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cholinesterase   noun an enzyme that hydrolyses acetylcholine (into choline and acetic acid)
  • chondroitin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chondroitin sulfate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chorda. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chorda tympani. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chordae. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chordae tendineae. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chorea   noun any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs; chorea in dogs
  • chorionic   adj. of or relating to a chorion
  • choroid   noun a highly vascular membrane in the eye between the retina and the sclera
  • choroid plexus   noun a vascular plexus of the cerebral ventricles that regulate intraventricular pressure
  • chromatic   adj. being or having or characterized by hue;  based on a scale consisting of 12 semitones;  able to refract light without spectral color separation
  • chromatic aberration   noun an optical aberration in which the image has colored fringes
  • chromatids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chromatin   noun the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA and various proteins; during mitotic division it condenses into chromosomes
  • chromatin material. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chromosomes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chronic   adj. being long lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • chronic glomerulonephritis in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chronic hypertension and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease   noun a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis; usually patients have been heavy cigarette smokers
  • chronic renal failure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chronic renal failure associated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chronic stage. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chylomicron   noun a microscopic particle of triglycerides produced in the intestines during digestion; in the bloodstream they release their fatty acids into the blood
  • chylomicron release of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chylomicron remnants. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chylomicron removal from blood. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chylomicrons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chylomicrons in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chyme   noun a semiliquid mass of partially digested food that passes from the stomach through the pyloric sphincter into the duodenum
  • chymotrypsin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • chymotrypsinogen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cilia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ciliary   adj. of or relating to the human eyelash;  of or relating to cilia projecting from the surface of a cell;  relating to the ciliary body and associated structures of the eye
  • ciliary body   noun the part of the tunic of the eye between the choroid coat and the iris
  • ciliary ganglion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ciliary movement and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ciliary muscle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ciliary processes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cilium   noun a hairlike projection from the surface of a cell; provides locomotion in free swimming unicellular organisms;  any of the short curved hairs that grow from the edges of the eyelids
  • cinereum. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circadian   adj. of or relating to biological processes occurring at 24 hour intervals
  • circadian rhythm of secretion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circuits. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulation   noun the spread or transmission of something (as news or money) to a wider group or area;  the dissemination of copies of periodicals (as newspapers or magazines);  free movement or passage through a series of vessels (as of water through pipes or sap through a plant);  movement through a circuit; especially the movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels;  number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold;  (library science) the count of books that are loaned by a library over a specified period
  • circulation in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory   adj. relating to circulatory system or to circulation of the blood;  of or relating to circulation
  • circulatory arrest. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory arrest and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory arrest causing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory arrest in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory changes associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory control by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory dynamics in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory effects of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory readjustments in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory shock and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory system   noun the organs and tissues involved in circulating blood and lymph through the body
  • circulatory system and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circulatory system during. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circus   noun performance given by a traveling company of acrobats clowns and trained animals;  a frenetic disorganized (and often comic) disturbance suggestive of a large public entertainment;  a genus of haws comprising the harriers;  an arena consisting of an oval or circular area enclosed by tiers of seats and usually covered by a tent;  (antiquity) an open air stadium for chariot races and gladiatorial games;  a travelling company of entertainers; including trained animals
  • circus movement. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • circus movement secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cirrhosis   noun a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver; the major cause is chronic alcoholism
  • cirrhosis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • citrate   noun a salt or ester of citric acid;  verb cause to form a salt or ester of citric acid
  • citric   adj. of or related to citric acid
  • citric acid   noun a weak water soluble acid found in many fruits (especially citrus fruits); used as a flavoring agent
  • citric acid cycle   noun in all plants and animals: a series of enzymatic reactions in mitochondria involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl compounds to produce high energy phosphate compounds that are the source of cellular energy
  • citric acid cycle and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • citric acid cycle in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clamp   noun a device (generally used by carpenters) that holds things firmly together;  verb impose or inflict forcefully;  fasten or fix with a clamp
  • classes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • classes of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • classification   noun restriction imposed by the government on documents or weapons that are available only to certain authorized people;  the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories;  a group of people or things arranged by class or category;  the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type
  • classification into proteins and peptides. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • classification of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clathrin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clay colored. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cleansed   adj. made clean
  • cleansing   adj. acting like an antiseptic;  cleansing the body by washing; especially ritual washing of e.g. hands;  noun the act of making something clean
  • cleansing of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clearance   noun permission to proceed;  the distance by which one thing clears another; the space between them;  vertical space available to allow easy passage under something
  • clearance from blood. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clearance methods. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cleaving. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cleaving of hormones from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clefts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • climacteric   noun a period in a man's life corresponding to menopause;  the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
  • climate   noun the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time;  the prevailing psychological state
  • climbing   noun an event that involves rising to a higher point (as in altitude or temperature or intensity etc.)
  • climbing fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clinical   adj. scientifically detached; unemotional;  relating to a clinic or conducted in or as if in a clinic and depending on direct observation of patients
  • clinical abnormalities of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clinical applications of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clinical causes of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clinical characteristics of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clinical syndromes associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clinical use of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clonus   noun convulsion characterized by alternating contractions and relaxations
  • closing   adj. final or ending;  noun approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap;  a concluding action;  termination of operations;  the act of closing something;  the last section of a communication
  • clostridial. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clostridial infections. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • closure   noun termination of operations;  a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive incomplete objects as complete and to close or fill gaps and to perceive asymmetric stimuli as symmetric;  a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body;  approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap;  the act of blocking;  an obstruction in a pipe or tube;  something settled or resolved; the outcome of decision making;  verb terminate debate by calling for a vote
  • closure of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clot   noun a lump of material formed from the content of a liquid; verb change from a liquid to a thickened or solid state;  cause to change from a liquid to a solid or thickened state;  coalesce or unite in a mass;  turn into curds
  • clot dissolution or fibrosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clot dissolution or fibrous organization. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clot formation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clot lysis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clot lysis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clot retraction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clot retraction and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clothing   noun a covering designed to be worn on a person's body
  • clothing and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clotting   noun the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • clotting activated by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clotting activation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clotting and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clotting factor deficiencies and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clotting factor deficiencies in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clotting factors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clotting factors in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • clotting time   noun the time it takes for a sample of blood to clot; used to diagnose some clotting disorders
  • cns   noun the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
  • cns ischemic response and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • co transport. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coa. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coactivation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coagulation   noun the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • coagulation factors formed in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coated pits. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coated pits and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cobalamin   noun a B vitamin that is used to treat pernicious anemia
  • cocaine   noun a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
  • cocaine and amphetamine related transcript. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cochlea   noun the snail shaped tube (in the inner ear coiled around the modiolus) where sound vibrations are converted into nerve impulses by the organ of Corti
  • cochlea in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cochlear   adj. of or relating to the cochlea of the ear
  • cochlear hair cells and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cochlear nerve. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cochlear nuclei. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • code   noun a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring brevity or secrecy;  (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions;  a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written ones);  verb attach a code to;  convert ordinary language into code
  • codons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coefficient   noun a constant number that serves as a measure of some property or characteristic
  • coefficients. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coenzyme   noun a small molecule (not a protein but sometimes a vitamin) essential for the activity of some enzymes
  • coenzyme a   noun a coenzyme present in all living cells; essential to metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and some amino acids
  • cognitive   adj. of or being or relating to or involving cognition
  • cognitive control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colchicine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cold   adj. lacking the warmth of life;  of a seeker; far from the object sought;  unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication;  feeling or showing no enthusiasm;  having lost freshness through passage of time;  used of physical coldness; having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration;  extended meanings; especially of psychological coldness; without human warmth or emotion;  without compunction or human feeling;  sexually unresponsive;  so intense as to be almost uncontrollable;  no longer new; uninteresting;  marked by errorless familiarity;  (color) giving no sensation of warmth;  noun the sensation produced by low temperatures;  a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs);  the absence of heat
  • cold climate and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cold environment. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cold fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cold receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cold receptors and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cold sensitive. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cold sensitive neurons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coli. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colitis   noun inflammation of the colon
  • collagen   noun a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue; yields gelatin on boiling
  • collagen fiber bundles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • collagen in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • collapse   noun a mishap caused by something suddenly falling down or caving in;  an abrupt failure of function or health;  the act of throwing yourself down;  a sudden large decline of business or the prices of stocks (especially one that causes additional failures);  verblose significance, effectiveness, or value;  break down, literally or metaphorically;  cause to burst;  fold or close up;  collapse due to fatigue, an illness, or a sudden attack;  suffer a nervous breakdown; fall apart
  • collateral   adj. descended from a common ancestor but through different lines;  situated or running side by side;  accompany, concomitant;  serving to support or corroborate;  noun a security pledged for the repayment of a loan
  • collateral circulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • collateral circulation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • collateral circulation involving. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • collateral development following. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • collecting   noun the act of gathering something together
  • collecting duct. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • collecting tubule. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colliculus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colloid   noun a mixture with properties between those of a solution and fine suspension
  • colloid goiter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colloid osmotic pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colloid osmotic pressure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colloid osmotic pressure in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colon bacilli in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colon bacteria and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colonoileal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colonoileal reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colony forming. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colony forming unit. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colony stimulating. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • colonystimulating. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • color   adj. having or capable of producing colors;  noun the appearance of objects (or light sources) described in terms of a person's perception of their hue and lightness (or brightness) and saturation;  a visual attribute of things that results from the light they emit or transmit or reflect;  the timbre of a musical sound;  interest and variety and intensity;  (physics) the characteristic of quarks that determines their role in the strong interaction; each flavor of quarks comes in three colors;  a race with skin pigmentation different from the white race (especially Blacks);  an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately misleading;  any material used for its color;  verb add color to;  gloss or excuse;  decorate with colors; modify or bias;  change color, often in an undesired manner;  affect as in thought or feeling
  • color blindness   noun genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
  • color blindness and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • color blobs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • color vision   noun the normal ability to see colors
  • colostrum   noun milky fluid secreted for the first day or two after parturition
  • column   noun (architeture) a tall cylindrical vertical upright and used to support a structure;  a vertical cylindrical structure standing alone and not supporting anything (such as a monument);  a vertical glass tube used in column chromatography; a mixture is poured in the top and washed through a stationary substance where components of the mixture are adsorbed selectively to form colored bands;  an article giving opinions or perspectives;  a line of (usually military) units following one after another;  a linear array of numbers one above another;  anything tall and relatively thin that approximates the shape of a column or tower
  • columnar   adj. characterized by columns;  having the form of a column
  • columnar arrangement of neurons in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coma   noun a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness; usually the result of disease or injury;  (astronomy) the luminous cloud of particles surrounding the frozen nucleus of a comet; forms as the comet approaches the sun and is warmed;  a usually terminal tuft of hairs especially on a seed
  • combination   noun the act of combining things to form a new whole;  the act of arranging elements into specified groups without regard to order;  a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities;  an alliance of people or corporations or countries for a special purpose (formerly to achieve some antisocial end but now for general political or economic purposes);  a group of people (often temporary) having a common purpose;  a sequence of numbers or letters that opens a combination lock;  a coordinated sequence of chess moves
  • combination with carbon monoxide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • combination with oxygen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • combinations. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • combinations of patterns of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • combined with vasoconstriction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • commissure   noun a bundle of nerve fibers passing from one side to the other of the brain or spinal cord
  • committed   adj. bound or obligated, as under a pledge to a particular cause, action, or attitude;  associated in an exclusive sexual relationship
  • committed stem cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • common   adj. having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual;  belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public;  commonly encountered;  being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language;  of or associated with the great masses of people;  to be expected; standard;  common to or shared by two or more parties; lacking refinement or cultivation or taste;  of low or inferior quality or value;  noun a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
  • common causes of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • communication   noun something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups;  the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information;  a connection allowing access between persons or places
  • communication of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compared. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compared to fat storage. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compared to precellular life. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compared to thyroxine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compared to triiodothyronine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compared with computer. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compartment   noun a partitioned section or separate room within a larger enclosed area;  a small space or subdivision for storage
  • compartments. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compensated   adj. receiving or eligible for compensation
  • compensation   noun something (such as money) given or received as payment or reparation (as for a service or loss or injury); (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that conceals your undesirable shortcomings by exaggerating desirable behaviors;  the act of compensating for service or loss or injury
  • compensatory. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compensatory mechanisms. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compensatory pause. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • complement   noun something added to complete or make perfect; either of two parts that mutually complete each other;  a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction;  number needed to make up a whole force;  a complete number or quantity; one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response;  verb make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the complement to
  • complement fragments and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • complement system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • complement system in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • complete   adj. having every necessary or normal part or component or step;  having come or been brought to a conclusion; perfect and complete in every respect; having all necessary qualities;  without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers;  highly skilled;  verb bring to a whole, with all the necessary parts or elements;  come or bring to a finish or an end; write all the required information onto a form;  complete a pass; complete or carry out
  • complete atrioventricular block. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • complete protein. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • complete vs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • complex   adj. complicated in structure; consisting of interconnected parts;  noun a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts;  (psychoanalysis) a combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior;  a compound described in terms of the central atom to which other atoms are bound or coordinated;  a whole structure (as a building) made up of interconnected or related structures
  • complex cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • complex spike. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compliance   noun happy friendly agreement;  the act of submitting; usually surrendering power to another;  acting according to certain accepted standards;  a disposition or tendency to yield to the will of others
  • compliance and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compliance of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • component   noun an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system;  an abstract part of something;  something determined in relation to something that includes it
  • components. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • components of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • composition   noun something that is created by arranging several things to form a unified whole;  the spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole;  an essay (especially one written as an assignment);  a mixture of ingredients;  the act of creating written works;  musical creation;  the way in which someone or something is composed;  art and technique of printing with movable type;  a musical work that has been created
  • composition of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compositions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compositions of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compounds. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • compression   noun applying pressure;  encoding information while reducing the bandwidth or bits required;  the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together;  an increase in the density of something
  • compression points and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • computer   noun a machine for performing calculations automatically;  an expert at calculation (or at operating calculating machines)
  • concave   adj. curving inward
  • concentration   noun strengthening the amount of a substance in a unit amount of another substance (as of a solute in a mixture) by removing the other substance;  bringing together military forces; (chemistry) the strength of a solution; number of molecules of a substance in a given volume (expressed as moles/cubic meter);  the spatial property of being crowded together;  complete attention; intense mental effort;  increase in density;  great and constant diligence and attention
  • concentration difference and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • concentration in bile. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • concentration in blood. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • concentration in body fluids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • concentration in extracellular fluid and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • concentration in plasma. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • concentration of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • concentrations. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • concentrations of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conceptus   noun an animal organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation that in higher forms merge into fetal stages but in lower forms terminate in commencement of larval life
  • concussion   noun any violent blow;  injury to the brain caused by a blow; usually resulting in loss of consciousness
  • conditions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conditions causing deviation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conditions causing large increases in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conductance   noun a material's capacity to conduct electricity; measured as the reciprocal of electrical resistance
  • conductance and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conductance of blood vessels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conduction   noun the transmission of heat or electricity or sound
  • conduction deafness and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conduction system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conductive   adj. having the quality or power of conducting heat or electricity or sound; exhibiting conductivity
  • conductive heat loss. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conductive system of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cone   noun any cone shaped artifact;  visual receptor cell sensitive to color;  cone shaped mass of ovule or spore bearing scales or bracts;  a shape whose base is a circle and whose sides taper up to a point;  verb make cone shaped
  • cones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • congenital   adj. present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • congenital heart disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • congenital stenosis of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • congestion   noun excessive crowding;  excessive accumulation of blood or other fluid in a body part
  • conjugated   adj. of an organic compound; containing two or more double bonds each separated from the other by a single bond; formed by the union of two compounds;  joined together especially in a pair or pairs
  • conn   verb conduct or direct the steering of a ship or plane
  • conn syndrome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • connecting   adj. syntactically connecting sentences or elements of a sentence
  • connecting tubule. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • connections. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • connections between hemispheres of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • connections with central nervous system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • connectivity   noun the property of being connected or the degree to which something has connections
  • conniventes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • consciousness   noun an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself and your situation;  having knowledge of
  • consolidation   noun the act of combining into an integral whole; combining into a solid mass;  something that has consolidated into a compact mass
  • consolidation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • constant   adj. steadfast in purpose or devotion or affection; continually recurring or continuing without interruption;  uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing;  persistent in occurrence and unvarying in nature;  noun a quantity that does not vary;  a number representing a quantity assumed to have a fixed value in a specified mathematical context
  • constipation   noun irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis;  the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)
  • constricted   adj. inhibited;  drawn together or squeezed physically or by extension psychologically;  especially tense; especially in some dialects
  • constricted lung diseases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • constricting   adj. (of circumstances) tending to constrict freedom; hindering freedom of movement
  • constriction   noun the action or process of compressing;  a tight feeling in some part of the body;  tight or narrow compression;  a narrowing that reduces the flow through a channel
  • constrictor   noun any of various large nonvenomous snakes that kill their prey by crushing it in its coils
  • constrictor waves. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • consumption   noun the act of consuming something;  the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating); (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing;  involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  • contact   noun close interaction;  the act of touching physically; (electronics) a junction where things (as two electrical conductors) touch or are in physical contact;  a thin curved glass or plastic lens designed to fit over the cornea in order to correct vision or to deliver medication;  a communicative interaction;  the physical coming together of two or more things;  a person who is in a position to give you special assistance;  the state or condition of touching or of being in immediate proximity;  a channel for communication between groups;  verb be in or establish communication with;  be in direct physical contact with; make contact
  • contact junctions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contact lenses. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • containers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • content   adj. satisfied or showing satisfaction with things as they are;  noun the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned;  everything that is included in a collection;  the proportion of a substance that is contained in a mixture or alloy etc.;  something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation;  what a communication that is about something is about;  the amount that can be contained;  the state of being contented with your situation in life;  verb satisfy in a limited way;  make content
  • contents   noun a list of divisions (chapters or articles) and the pages on which they start
  • continued   adj. without stop or interruption
  • continuous   adj. continuing in time or space without interruption;  of a function or curve; extending without break or irregularity
  • continuous excitatory signals in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • continuous output from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • continuously   adv. at every point;  with unflagging resolve
  • continuously discharging. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contours. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contraception   noun birth control by the use of devices (diaphragm or intrauterine device or condom) or drugs or surgery
  • contraceptive   adj. capable of preventing conception or impregnation;  noun an agent or device intended to prevent conception
  • contractile   adj. capable of contracting or being contracted
  • contractile mechanism in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contractile strength of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contractility   noun the capability or quality of shrinking or contracting, especially by muscle fibers and even some other forms of living matter
  • contractility of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contraction   noun the act of decreasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope;  (physiology) a shortening or tensing of a part or organ (especially of a muscle or muscle fiber);  a word formed from two or more words by omitting or combining some sounds;  the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together
  • contraction mechanism and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contraction mechanism of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contraction of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contraction without action potentials. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contractions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contractions caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contractions of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contracture   noun an abnormal and usually permanent contraction of a muscle
  • contracture of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contrast   noun the act of distinguishing by comparing differences; the range of optical density and tone on a photographic negative or print (or the extent to which adjacent areas on a television screen differ in brightness);  the perceptual effect of the juxtaposition of very different colors;  the opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared;  a conceptual separation or distinction;  verb put in opposition to show or emphasize differences;  to show differences when compared; be different
  • contrecoup. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • contrecoup injury. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • control   noun the activity of managing or exerting control over something;  (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc;  a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine;  power to direct or determine;  the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.;  a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance;  a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another;  discipline in personal and social activities;  great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity;  a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment;  the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; verb verify by using a duplicate register for comparison;  exercise authoritative control or power over;  lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits;  verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard, of scientific experiments;  have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of;  be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;  handle and cause to function;  control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage
  • control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • control of glycolysis by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • control of secretion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • control systems of body. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • controlled   adj. restrained or managed or kept within certain bounds;  curbed or regulated
  • controlling   adj. able to control or determine policy
  • convective. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • convective heat loss. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • convergence   noun the act of converging (coming closer);  the approach of an infinite series to a finite limit;  the occurrence of two or more things coming together;  a representation of common ground between theories or phenomena
  • converging   noun the act of converging (coming closer)
  • conversion   noun a spiritual enlightenment causing a person to lead a new life;  a successful free throw or try for point after a touchdown;  the act of changing from one use or function or purpose to another;  act of exchanging one type of money or security for another;  a change in the units or form of an expression: "conversion from Fahrenheit to Centigrade";  interchange of subject and predicate of a proposition;  a change of religion;  an event that results in a transformation;  (psychiatry) a defense mechanism represses emotional conflicts which are then converted into physical symptoms that have no organic basis
  • conversion back to glucose. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conversion into camp. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conversion of amino acids to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conversion to acetyl coa. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conversion to atp. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • conversion to lactic acid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • convertase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • converted   adj. spiritually reborn or converted
  • converted to triiodothyronine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • converting. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • converting enzyme. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • convex   adj. curving or bulging outward
  • coordinates. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • copd. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • copulation   noun the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man's penis is inserted into the woman's vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur
  • copulation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • copy   noun a secondary representation of an original;  matter to be printed; exclusive of graphical materials;  material suitable for a journalistic account;  a reproduction of a written record (e.g. of a legal or school record);  verb make a replica of;  copy down as is; reproduce or make an exact copy of;  reproduce someone's behavior or looks
  • cord   noun a line made of twisted fibers or threads;  a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton;  a light insulated conductor for household use;  a unit of amount of wood cut for burning; 128 cubic feet;  verb bind or tie with a cord;  stack in cords
  • cord righting reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cordotomy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • core   noun a bar of magnetic material (as soft iron) that passes through a coil and serves to increase the inductance of the coil;  the chamber of a nuclear reactor containing the fissile material where the reaction takes place;  a small group of indispensable persons or things;  the center of an object;  the central part of the Earth;  a cylindrical sample of soil or rock obtained with a hollow drill;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work;  an organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality;  verb remove the core or center from
  • core temperature. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corona   noun a long cigar with blunt ends;  (anatomy) any structure that resembles a crown in shape;  one or more circles of light seen around a luminous object;  (botany) the trumpet shaped or cup shaped outgrowth of the corolla of a daffodil or narcissus flower;  the outermost region of the sun's atmosphere; visible as a white halo during a solar eclipse;  an electrical discharge accompanied by ionization of surrounding atmosphere
  • corona radiata. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary   adj. surrounding like a crown (especially of the blood vessels surrounding the heart);  noun obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  • coronary arteries. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary artery   noun the artery that branches from the aorta to supply blood to the heart
  • coronary artery arrangement in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary artery bypass surgery. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary artery disease   noun a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • coronary artery disease and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary artery spasm. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary blood flow. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary blood flow and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary blood flow control and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary blood flow during. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary blood supply. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary embolus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary ischemia and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary steal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coronary thrombosis   noun obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  • coronary venous blood flow. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corpus albicans. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corpus callosum   noun a broad transverse nerve tract connecting the two cerebral hemispheres
  • corpus callosum and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corpus luteum   noun yellow endocrine tissue that forms in a ruptured Graafian follicle following the release of an ovum
  • corpuscle   noun either of two types of cells (erythrocytes and leukocytes) and sometimes including platelets;  (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
  • corpuscles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • correction   noun the act of offering an improvement to replace a mistake; setting right;  treatment of a specific defect;  a drop in stock market activity or stock prices following a period of increases; something substituted for an error;  a rebuke for making a mistake;  a quantity that is added or subtracted in order to increase the accuracy of a scientific measure;  the act of punishing
  • correction of acidosis by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • correction of alkalosis by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • correction of motor errors by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corti. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortical   adj. of or relating to a cortex
  • cortical area for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortical control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortical input and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortical input from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortical level of nervous system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortical nephrons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticofugal   adj. of a nerve fiber passing outward from the cerebral cortex
  • corticofugal signals. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticofugal signals from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticopontocerebellar. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticopontocerebellar tract. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticorubral. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticorubral tract. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticorubrospinal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticorubrospinal pathway and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticospinal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticospinal tract and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticosteroids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticosterone   noun secreted by the adrenal cortex; involved in regulating water and electrolyte balance in the body
  • corticotropes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticotropin   noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • corticotropin releasing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticotropin releasing factor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • corticotropin releasing hormone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisol   noun an adrenal cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • cortisol and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisol and utilization of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisol binding. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisol binding globulin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisol bound to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisol excess and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisol excess causing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisol induced. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisol induced atrophy of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisol secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisol secretion in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisolinduced. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cortisone   noun a corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone
  • cough   noun the act of exhaling air suddenly with a noise;  sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis;  verb exhale abruptly, as when one has a chest cold or congestion
  • cough reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coumarins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • count   noun the act of counting;  a nobleman (in various countries) having rank equal to a British earl;  the total number counted;  verbinclude as if by counting;  have faith or confidence in;  name or recite the numbers;  determine the number or amount of;  have weight; have import, carry weight;  put into a group;  take account of;  show consideration for; take into account
  • counter transport. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • counter transport in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • counter transporter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • countercurrent   noun actions counter to the main group activity;  a stretch of turbulent water in a river or the sea caused by one current flowing into or across another current
  • countercurrent exchange in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • countercurrent flow in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • countercurrent mechanism and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coup   noun a brilliant and notable success;  a sudden and decisive change of government illegally or by force
  • coup injury. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • coupled   adj. connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks; joined together especially in a pair or pairs
  • coupled chemical reactions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cowper glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cpr   noun an emergency procedure consisting of external cardiac massage and artificial respiration; the first treatment for a person who has collapsed and has no pulse and has stopped breathing; attempts to restore circulation of the blood and prevent death or brain damage due to lack of oxygen
  • cramp   noun a strip of metal with ends bent at right angles; used to hold masonry together;  a clamp for holding pieces of wood together while they are glued;  a painful and involuntary muscular contraction; verb secure with a cramp;  prevent the progress or free movement of
  • cramping. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cramping pain. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cramps. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cranial   adj. of or relating to the cranium which encloses the brain
  • creatine   noun an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates both in the free form and as phosphocreatine; supplies energy for muscle contraction
  • creatine phosphate   noun an organic compound of creatine and phosphoric acid; found in the muscles of vertebrates where its hydrolysis releases energy for muscular contraction
  • creatinine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • creatinine clearance. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cretinism   noun severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
  • crf. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • crh. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cribriform. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cribriform plate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • crisis   noun a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something;  an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty
  • crisis of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • crista. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • crista ampullaris. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • critical   adj. marked by a tendency to find and call attention to errors and flaws;  characterized by careful evaluation and judgment; being in or verging on a state of crisis or emergency;  at or of a point at which a property or phenomenon suffers an abrupt change especially having enough mass to sustain a chain reaction;  forming or having the nature of a turning point or crisis;  urgently needed; absolutely necessary;  of or involving or characteristic of critics or criticism
  • critical closing pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cross sectional   adj. of or relating to a cross section;  representing a plane made by cutting across something at right angles to its length
  • cross sectional area and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cross sectional areas of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • crossed   adj. placed crosswise;  (of a check) marked for deposit only as indicated by having two lines drawn across it;  produced by crossbreeding
  • crossed extensor reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • crossed extensor reflex and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • crypts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • crypts of lieberk. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • csf. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cupula. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • curare   noun a toxic alkaloid found in certain tropical South American trees that is a powerful relaxant for striated muscles
  • curariform. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • curariform drugs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • currency   noun general acceptance or use;  the metal or paper medium of exchange that is presently used;  a current state of general acceptance and use;  the property of belonging to the present time
  • current   adj. occurring in or belonging to the present time;  noun a steady flow (usually from natural causes);  a flow of electricity through a conductor;  dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas
  • current flow in chest and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • current flows and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • current flows around heart in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • current of injury. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • current of injury and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • current of injury in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • currents. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • curve   noun a pitch of a baseball that is thrown with spin so that its path curves as it approach the batter;  a line on a graph representing data;  the trace of a point whose direction of motion changes;  curved segment (of a road or river or railroad track etc.);  the property possessed by the curving of a line or surface;  verb form a curl, curve, or kink;  turn sharply; change direction abruptly;  bend or cause to bend;  form an arch or curve;  extend in curves and turns
  • curves. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cushing   noun United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869 1939)
  • cushing disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cushing reaction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cushing syndrome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cushioning   noun artifact consisting of soft or resilient material used to fill or give shape or protect or add comfort
  • cushioning function of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cutaneous   adj. relating to or existing on or affecting the skin
  • cyanide   noun an extremely poisonous salt of hydrocyanic acid; any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical CN
  • cyanide poisoning   noun poisoning due to ingesting or inhaling cyanide; common in smoke from fires and in industrial chemicals
  • cyanide poisoning and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cyanosis   noun a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes; a sign that oxygen in the blood is dangerously diminished (as in carbon monoxide poisoning)
  • cyanosis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cyanosis in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cyclase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cyclase camp. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cycle   noun a single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon;  a periodically repeated sequence of events;  a series of poems or songs on the same theme;  an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs;  a wheeled vehicle that has two wheels and is moved by foot pedals;  the unit of frequency; one hertz has a periodic interval of one second;  verb recur in repeating sequences;  pass through a cycle;  cause to go through a recurring sequence;  ride a bicycle;  ride a motorcycle
  • cycle between wakefulness and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cycles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cyclic   adj. recurring in cycles;  of a compound having atoms arranged in a ring structure;  botany; forming a whorl or having parts arranged in a whorl;  marked by repeated cycles;  conforming to the Carnot cycle
  • cyclic adenosine monophosphate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cyclic guanosine monophosphate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cyclical   adj. recurring in cycles
  • cyclical variations in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cyclosporine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cyclosporine and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cylindrical   adj. having the form of a cylinder
  • cystic   adj. of or relating to or resembling a cyst;  of or relating to a normal cyst (as the gallbladder or urinary bladder)
  • cystic duct. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cystica. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cystinuria. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cystitis   noun inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
  • cystometrogram. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cytochrome   noun (biochemistry) a class of hemoprotein whose principle biological function is electron transfer (especially in cellular respiration)
  • cytochrome oxidase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cytochromes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cytokine   noun any of various proteins secreted by cells of the immune system that serve to regulate the immune system
  • cytokine hormones produced by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cytokines. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cytoplasm   noun the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism
  • cytoplasm of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cytosine   noun a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine
  • cytoskeleton   noun a microscopic network of actin filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells that gives the cell shape and coherence
  • cytoskeleton of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • cytosol   noun the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various particles and organelles are suspended
  • cytotoxic   adj. of or relating to substances that are toxic to cells
  • cytotoxic t cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • d   noun the 4th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a fat soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • dag   noun a flap along the edge of a garment; used in medieval clothing;  10 grams
  • daily   adj. occurring or done each day;  measured by the day or happening every day;  adv. without missing a day;  gradually and progressively;  noun a newspaper that is published every day
  • daily loss of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • daily rate of secretion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • daily requirements of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • daily variations in secretion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • daily volume of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • damage   noun the act of damaging something or someone;  loss of military equipment;  the occurrence of a change for the worse;  any harm or injury resulting from a violation of a legal right;  the amount of money needed to purchase something;  verb inflict damage upon
  • damage to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • damaged   adj. harmed or injured or spoiled;  especially of reputation;  being unjustly brought into disrepute
  • damming. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • damming of blood in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • damping. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • damping function of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • damping of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dark   adj. not giving performances; closed;  brunet (used of hair or skin or eyes);  devoid of or deficient in light or brightness; shadowed or black;  (used of color) having a dark hue;  marked by difficulty of style or expression;  showing a brooding ill humor;  secret;  having skin rich in melanin pigments;  causing dejection;  lacking enlightenment or knowledge or culture;  stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable;  noun an unenlightened state;  absence of light or illumination;  an unilluminated area;  absence of moral or spiritual values;  the time after sunset and before sunrise while it is dark outside
  • dark adaptation by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dark adaptation curve. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • de   noun a Mid Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies
  • dead   adj. total;  devoid of activity;  physically inactive;  no longer having or seeming to have or expecting to have life;  not showing characteristics of life especially the capacity to sustain life; no longer exerting force or having energy or heat;  lacking animation or excitement or activity;  drained of electric charge; discharged; sudden and complete;  no longer having force or relevance;  no longer in force or use; inactive;  lacking resilience or bounce;  not surviving in active use;  out of use or operation because of a fault or breakdown;  not circulating or flowing;  unerringly accurate;  not yielding a return;  lacking acoustic resonance;  devoid of physical sensation; numb;  (followed by `to') not showing human feeling or sensitivity; unresponsive;  not endowed with life;  very tired;  adv.completely and without qualification; used informally as intensifiers; quickly and without warning;  noun people who are no longer living;  a time when coldness (or some other quality associated with death) is intense
  • dead space. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dead space air. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dead space volume. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deafness   noun partial or complete loss of hearing
  • deamination   noun removal of the amino radical from an amino acid or other amino compound
  • deamination of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deamination of amino acids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decarboxylases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deceleratory. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deceleratory forces in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deceleratory forces in parachuting in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decerebrate   verb remove the cerebrum from (a human body)
  • decerebrate rigidity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decerebrate rigidity and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decibel   noun a logarithmic unit of sound intensity; 10 times the logarithm of the ratio of the sound intensity to some reference intensity
  • decibel unit. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decidua   noun the epithelial tissue of the endometrium
  • decidual. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decidual cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • declarative   adj. relating to the use of or having the nature of a declaration;  relating to the mood of verbs that is used simple declarative statements;  noun a mood (grammatically unmarked) that represents the act or state as an objective fact
  • declarative memory. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decline   noun change toward something smaller or lower;  a condition inferior to an earlier condition; a gradual falling off from a better state;  a downward slope or bend;  a gradual decrease; as of stored charge or current;  verb grow smaller;  inflect for number, gender, case, etc., "in many languages, speakers decline nouns, pronouns, and adjectives";  go down in value;  go down;  grow worse; show unwillingness towards;  refuse to accept
  • decline to normal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decompensated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decompensation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decompression   noun relieving pressure;  restoring compressed information to its normal form for use or display
  • decompression after. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decompression sickness   noun pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
  • decrease   noun the act of decreasing or reducing something;  the amount by which something decreases;  a change downward;  a process of becoming smaller or shorter;  verb decrease in size, extent, or range;  make smaller
  • decrease at birth. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decreased   adj. made less in size or amount or degree
  • decreased mass of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decremental. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • decremental conduction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deep   adj. exhibiting great cunning usually with secrecy;  strong; intense;  very distant in time or space;  having great spatial extension or penetration downward or inward from an outer surface or backward or laterally or outward from a center; sometimes used in combination;  relatively deep or strong; affecting one deeply;  with head or back bent low;  large in quantity or size;  extreme;  marked by depth of thinking;  relatively thick from top to bottom;  extending relatively far inward;  difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledge;  of an obscure nature; having or denoting a low vocal or instrumental range;  (of darkness) very intense;  adv. to far into space;  to an advanced time;  to a great depth;  noun literary term for an ocean;  the central and most intense or profound part;  a long steep sided depression in the ocean floor
  • deep body receptors and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deep body temperature receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deep cerebellar nuclei. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deep cerebellar nuclei and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deep nuclear cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deep nuclei of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deep receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deep sea   adj. of or taking place in the deeper parts of the sea
  • deep sea diving. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deep sensations. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • defecation   noun the elimination of fecal waste through the anus
  • defecation abnormalities in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • defecation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • defecation reflex   noun normal response to the presence of feces in the rectum
  • defecation reflex and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • defecation reflexes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • defects. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • defense   noun protection from harm;  military action or resources protecting a country against potential enemies;  a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him;  the justification for some act or belief;  an organization of defenders that provides resistance against attack;  the defendant and his legal advisors collectively;  (sports) the team that is trying to prevent the other team from scoring;  a structure used to defend against attack; the speech act of answering an attack on your assertions;  the federal department responsible for safeguarding national security of the United States; created in 1947;  (psychiatry) an unconscious process that tries to reduce the anxiety associated with instinctive desires
  • defenses. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deferens. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • defibrillation   noun treatment by stopping fibrillation of heart muscles (usually by electric shock delivered by a defibrillator)
  • defibrillation with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deficiencies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deficiencies of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deficiency   noun lack of an adequate quantity or number;  the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  • deficiency of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deficient   adj. inadequate in amount or degree;  falling short of some prescribed norm;  of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement
  • deficient in megacolon. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deficient mechanism of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deficit   noun the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required;  an excess of liabilities over assets (usually over a certain period);  (sports) the score by which a team or individual is losing;  a deficiency or failure in neurological or mental functioning
  • definition   noun clarity of outline;  a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase or symbol
  • definition of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • definitions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deglutition   noun the act of swallowing
  • degradation   noun changing to a lower state (a less respected state);  a low or downcast state
  • degradation and excretion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • degradation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • degraded   adj. lowered in value;  unrestrained by convention or morality
  • dehydration   noun the process of extracting moisture;  depletion of bodily fluids;  dryness resulting from the removal of water
  • dehydroepiandrosterone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dehydrogenase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dehydrogenases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deiodinase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • delay   noun the act of delaying; inactivity resulting in something being put off until a later time;  time during which some action is awaited;  verb cause to be slowed down or delayed;  act later than planned, scheduled, or required;  slow the growth or development of; stop or halt
  • delayed   adj. caused to be slower or later;  not as far along as normal in development
  • delayed compliance in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • delayed compliance of vessels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • delayed reaction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • delayed reaction allergy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • delayed reaction allergy associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • delivery   noun the act of delivering a child;  the act of delivering or distributing something (as goods or mail);  the voluntary transfer of something (title or possession) from one party to another;  the event of giving birth;  recovery or preservation from loss or danger; (baseball) the act of throwing a baseball by a pitcher to a batter; your characteristic style or manner of expressing yourself orally
  • delta   noun the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet;  a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
  • delta waves. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dementia   noun mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
  • dementia in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • demyelination   noun loss of the myelin covering of some nerve fibers resulting in their impaired function
  • den   noun a room that is comfortable and secluded;  a unit of 8 to 10 cub scouts;  a hiding place; usually a remote place used by outlaws;  the habitation of wild animals
  • dendrite   noun short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
  • dendrite functions in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dendrites. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dendrites and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dendritic   adj. (neuroscience) of or relating to or resembling a dendrite
  • dendritic cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • denervation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • denervation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • denervation supersensitivity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • densa. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dense   adj. slow to learn or understand; lacking intellectual acuity; having high relative density or specific gravity;  hard to pass through because of dense growth;  permitting little if any light to pass through because of denseness of matter;  having component parts closely crowded together
  • dense bars. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dense bodies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dental   adj. of or relating to the teeth;  of or relating to dentistry; noun a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • dental caries and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dental lamina. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dentate   adj. having toothlike projections in the margin
  • dentate nucleus   noun a large laminar nucleus of grey matter within the white matter of each cerebral hemisphere
  • dentin   noun bone (calcified tissue) surrounding the pulp cavity of a tooth;  a calcareous material harder and denser than bone that comprises the bulk of a tooth
  • dentinal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dentinal tubules. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deoxycorticosterone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deoxygenated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deoxyribonucleic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deoxyribonucleic acid   noun (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information
  • deoxyribose   noun a sugar that is a constituent of nucleic acids
  • depleted   adj. having resources completely depleted;  no longer sufficient
  • depleted in irreversible shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • depleted in starvation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • depletion   noun the act of decreasing something markedly;  the state of being depleted
  • depletion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • depolarization   noun a loss of polarity or polarization
  • depolarization waves. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deposition   noun the act of deposing someone; removing a powerful person from a position or office;  (law) a pretrial interrogation of a witness; usually conducted in a lawyer's office;  the natural process of laying down a deposit of something;  the act of putting something somewhere
  • deposition and absorption of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deposition of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deposits. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deposits of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • depression   noun pushing down;  sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy;  angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object);  a concavity in a surface produced by pressing;  a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity;  a long term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment;  a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment;  a sunken or depressed geological formation;  a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention;  an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
  • depression and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deprivation   noun act of depriving someone of food or money or rights;  the disadvantage that results from losing something;  a state of extreme poverty
  • deprivation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • depth   noun degree of psychological or intellectual profundity; extent downward or backward or inward;  (usually plural) the deepest and most remote part;  (usually plural) a low moral state;  the intellectual ability to penetrate deeply into ideas
  • depth of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • depth of focus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • depth of focus in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • depth perception. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • depth perception in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • derived   adj. formed or developed from something else; not original
  • dermatomes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dermatomes associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • descending tracts of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • descent   noun the act of changing your location in a downward direction;  a movement downward;  a downward slope or bend;  the kinship relation between an individual and the individual's progenitors;  properties attributable to your ancestry;  the descendants of one individual
  • descent of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • design   noun the act of working out the form of something (as by making a sketch or outline or plan);  a decorative or artistic work;  a preliminary sketch indicating the plan for something;  an arrangement scheme;  the creation of something in the mind;  something intended as a guide for making something else;  an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;  verb intend or have as a purpose;  design something for a specific role or purpose or effect;  conceive or fashion in the mind; invent;  make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form;  create the design for; create or execute in an artistic or highly skilled manner;  create designs;  make or work out a plan for; devise
  • desmolase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • desmopressin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • destroyed   adj. spoiled or ruined or demolished;  destroyed physically or morally
  • destruction   noun the termination of something by causing so much damage to it that it cannot be repaired or no longer exists;  an event (or the result of an event) that completely destroys something; a final state
  • destruction of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • detachment   noun the act of releasing from an attachment or connection;  a small unit of troops of special composition;  coming apart;  avoiding emotional involvement;  the state of being isolated or detached
  • detectable   adj. easily seen or detected;  capable of being detected
  • detected   adj. perceived with the mind;  perceived or discerned
  • detection   noun the act of detecting something; catching sight of something;  a police investigation to determine the perpetrator;  the perception that something has occurred or some state exists;  the detection that a signal is being received
  • deterioration   noun process of changing to an inferior state;  a symptom of reduced quality or strength
  • determinants. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • determinants of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • determinants of pressure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • determination of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • determining   adj. having the power or quality of deciding
  • detoxification   noun treatment for poisoning by neutralizing the toxic properties (normally a function of the liver);  a treatment for addiction to drugs or alcohol intended to remove the physiological effects of the addictive substances
  • detoxifying. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • detoxifying function of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • detrusor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • detrusor muscle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deuteranope. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • developed   adj. being changed over time so as to be e.g. stronger or more complete or more useful;  (of real estate) made more useful and profitable as by building or laying out roads;  (used of societies) having high industrial development
  • development   noun act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining;  (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated;  a recent event that has some relevance for the present situation;  a district that has been developed to serve some purpose;  processing a photosensitive material in order to make an image visible;  a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage);  a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess);  the act of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful;  (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • development from monocytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • development of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • deviation   noun deviate behavior;  the error of a compass due to local magnetic disturbances;  the difference between an observed value and the expected value of a variable or function;  a variation that deviates from the standard or norm;  a turning aside (of your course or attention or concern)
  • dexamethasone   noun a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
  • dexamethasone suppression test. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dextran. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dextran solution. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dextrinase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dhea. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diabetes   noun any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
  • diabetes insipidus   noun a rare form of diabetes resulting from a deficiency of vasopressin (the pituitary hormone that regulates the kidneys); characterized by the chronic excretion of large amounts of pale dilute urine which results in dehydration and extreme thirst
  • diabetes mellitus   noun diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
  • diabetes mellitus and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diabetes mellitus in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diabetic   adj. suffering from diabetes;  of or relating to or causing diabetes;  noun someone who has diabetes
  • diabetogenic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diabetogenic effect of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diacylglycerol. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diagnosis   noun identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • diagnosis of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diagnosis of diabetes and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diagnostic   adj. characteristic or indicative of e.g. a disease; concerned with diagnosis; used for furthering diagnosis
  • diagnostic measurement of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dialysis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dialysis for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dialyzing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dialyzing fluid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diameter   noun the length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference;  a straight line connecting the center of a circle with two points on its perimeter (or the center of a sphere with two points on its surface)
  • diameter of vessel and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diapedesis   noun passage of blood cells (especially white blood cells) through intact capillary walls and into the surrounding tissue
  • diapedesis by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diaphragm   noun a mechanical device in a camera that controls size of aperture of the lens;  electro acoustic transducer that vibrates to receive or produce sound waves;  a contraceptive device consisting of a flexible dome shaped cup made of rubber or plastic; it is filled with spermicide and fitted over the uterine cervix; (anatomy) a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities; functions in respiration
  • diarrhea   noun frequent and watery bowel movements; can be a symptom of infection or food poisoning or colitis or a gastrointestinal tumor
  • diarrhea and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diarrhea related. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diarrhea related loss of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diarrhea with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diarrheal   adj. of or relating to diarrhea
  • diarrheal loss of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diastole   noun the widening of the chambers of the heart between two contractions when the chambers fill with blood
  • diastolic   adj. of or relating to a diastole or happening during a diastole
  • diastolic blood pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diastolic pressure curve. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dicer   noun a mechanical device used for dicing food
  • dicer enzyme. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diet   noun the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods);  the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal);  a prescribed selection of foods;  a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan);  verb eat sparingly, for health reasons or to lose weight;  follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons
  • dietary   adj. of or relating to the diet;  noun a regulated daily food allowance
  • dietary intake of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dietary sources of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • difference   noun the quality of being unlike or dissimilar;  a significant change;  a disagreement or argument about something important;  a variation that deviates from the standard or norm;  the number that remains after subtraction; the number that when added to the subtrahend gives the minuend
  • differences. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • different   adj. differing from all others; not ordinary;  unlike in nature or quality or form or degree;  distinctly separate from the first;  distinct or separate;  marked by dissimilarity
  • different functional types of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • differential sensitivity of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • differentiation   noun the mathematical process of obtaining the derivative of a function;  a discrimination between things as different and distinct;  (biology) the structural adaptation of some body part for a particular function
  • differentiation inducers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffuse   adj. spread out; not concentrated in one place;  lacking conciseness;  (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected;  verb move outward;  cause to become widely known; spread or diffuse through
  • diffuse junctions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusing   adj. spreading by diffusion
  • diffusing capacity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusing capacity for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusing capacity of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion   noun the spread of social institutions (and myths and skills) from one society to another;  (physics) the process of diffusing; the intermingling of molecules in gases and liquids as a result of random thermal agitation;  the act of dispersing or diffusing something;  the property of being diffused or dispersed
  • diffusion across capillary walls. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion across walls of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion coefficient of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion coefficient of a gas. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion coefficients of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion conductance of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion limited. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion of gases through. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion potential. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion through. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion through capillary pores. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion through cell membrane. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion through interstitium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion through membrane channels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diffusion through respiratory membrane. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • digestion   noun learning and coming to understand ideas and information;  the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body;  the process of decomposing organic matter (as in sewage) by bacteria or by chemical action or heat
  • digestion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • digestive   adj. relating to or having the power to cause or promote digestion;  noun any substance that promotes digestion
  • digestive enzymes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • digestive enzymes of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • digestive vesicle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • digitalis   noun a powerful cardiac stimulant obtained from foxglove; any of several plants of the genus Digitalis
  • digitalis activity and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • digitalis toxicity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dihydropyridine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dihydropyridine receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dihydrotestosterone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diisopropyl. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diisopropyl fluorophosphate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diluting. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diluting segment of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dilution   noun weakening (reducing the concentration) by the addition of water or a thinner;  a diluted solution
  • dilution of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dimensions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dimensions of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diminished   adj. (of musical intervals) reduction by a semitone of any perfect or minor musical interval;  impaired by diminution;  (of an organ or body part) diminished in size or strength as a result of disease or injury or lack of use;  made to seem smaller or less (especially in worth)
  • diminished level of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dinucleotide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diopters. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dioxide   noun an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule
  • dipeptidases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diphosphate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • direct   adj. lacking compromising or mitigating elements; exact; direct in spatial dimensions; proceeding without deviation or interruption; straight and short;  (of a current) flowing in one direction only;  extended senses; direct in means or manner or behavior or language or action;  similar in nature or effect or relation to another quantity;  moving from west to east on the celestial sphere; or for planets around the sun in the same direction as the Earth;  having no intervening persons, agents, conditions;  in precisely the same words used by a writer or speaker;  being an immediate result or consequence;  in a straight unbroken line of descent from parent to child;  adv. without deviation;  verb command with authority;  give directions to; point somebody into a certain direction;  guide the actors in (plays and films);  be in charge of;  plan and direct (a complex undertaking);  specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public;  put an address on (an envelope);  intend (something) to move towards a certain goal;  aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment;  lead, as in the performance of a composition;  direct the course; determine the direction of travelling;  cause to go somewhere;  take somebody somewhere
  • direct chemical control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • direction   noun a general course along which something has a tendency to develop;  a message describing how something is to be done;  a line leading to a place or point;  the spatial relation between something and the course along which it points or moves;  the act of setting and holding a course;  the act of managing something;  the concentration of attention or energy on something;  something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action;  a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something
  • direction of sound and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • direction of vector in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • disaccharides. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • disc   noun a flat circular plate;  (computer science) a memory device consisting of a flat disk covered with a magnetic coating on which information is stored;  sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a phonograph needle tracks in the groove;  something with a round shape like a flat circular plate
  • discharge   noun the act of discharging a gun;  the act of venting; the sudden giving off of energy;  the pouring forth of a fluid;  electrical conduction through a gas in an applied electric field;  any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body;  a substance that is emitted or released;  a formal written statement of relinquishment;  the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart);  verb eliminate (substances) from the body; release from military service;  pour forth or release;  remove the charge from;  become empty or void of its content;  pronounce not guilty of criminal charges;  cause to go off;  go off or discharge;  leave or unload, especially of passengers or cargo;  free from obligations or duties;  complete or carry out
  • discharge zone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • discharging. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • discrimination   noun unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice;  the cognitive process whereby two or more stimuli are distinguished
  • discs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • disease   noun an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • diseases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diseases of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • disks. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dismutases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • disorder   noun a disturbance of the peace or of public order; condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning;  a condition in which things are not in their expected places;  verb bring disorder to;  disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
  • disorders. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • disorders associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • disorders of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • disse. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • disseminated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • disseminated intravascular coagulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dissipated   adj. preoccupied with the pursuit of pleasure and especially games of chance;  unrestrained by convention or morality
  • dissociation   noun the act of removing from association; (chemistry) the temporary or reversible process in which a molecule or ion is broken down into smaller molecules or ions;  a state in which some integrated part of a person's life becomes separated from the rest of the personality and functions independently
  • dissociation constant   noun the equilibrium constant for a reversible dissociation
  • dissociation curve. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dissolution   noun the termination or disintegration of a relationship (between persons or nations);  separation into component parts;  the termination of a meeting;  dissolute indulgence in sensual pleasure; the process of going into solution
  • dissolved   adj. (of solid matter) reduced to a liquid form
  • dissolved in body fluids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • distal   adj. situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone;  directed away from the midline or mesial plane of the body
  • distal tubular flow rate and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • distal tubule. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • distal tubule and collecting ducts and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • distance   noun the property created by the space between two objects or points;  size of the gap between two places;  indifference by personal withdrawal;  a distant region;  the interval between two times;  a remote point in time;  verb keep at a distance;  go far ahead of
  • distance from any single cell. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • distensibility. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • distensibility of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • distress   noun the seizure and holding of property as security for payment of a debt or satisfaction of a claim;  psychological suffering; extreme physical pain;  a state of adversity (danger or affliction or need);  verb cause mental pain to
  • distribution   noun the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning;  the commercial activity of transporting and selling goods from a producer to a consumer;  the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume;  (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
  • distribution between interstitium and blood. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • disturbance   noun the act of disturbing something or someone; setting something in motion;  a disorderly outburst or tumult;  an unhappy and worried mental state;  a noisy fight;  activity that is an intrusion or interruption;  electrical or acoustic activity that can disturb communication;  (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness
  • diuresis   noun increased secretion of urine; if not due to increased liquid intake or to the action of a diuretic drug it can be a symptom of diabetes mellitus
  • diuresis caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diuretics. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • diuretics and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • divergence   noun the act of moving away in different direction from a common point;  an infinite series that has no limit;  a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions;  a variation that deviates from the standard or norm
  • diving   noun an athletic competition that involves diving into water; a headlong plunge into water
  • divisions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dna   noun (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information
  • dna ligase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dna polymerase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dna proofreading. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dna repair. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • domain   noun a knowledge domain that you are interested in or are communicating about;  territory over which rule or control is exercised;  the set of values of the independent variable for which a function is defined;  people in general; especially a distinctive group of people with some shared interest;  a particular environment or walk of life
  • dome   noun a hemispherical roof;  a stadium that has a roof;  a concave shape whose distinguishing characteristic is that the concavity faces downward;  informal terms for a human head
  • dominance   noun the organic phenomenon in which one of a pair of alleles present in a genotype is expressed in the phenotype and the other allele of the pair is not;  the state that exists when one person or group has power over another;  superior development of one side of the body;  the power or right to give orders or make decisions
  • dominant   adj. exercising influence or control;  (of genes) producing the same phenotype whether its allele is identical or dissimilar;  noun(music) the fifth note of the diatonic scale;  an allele that produces the same phenotype whether its paired allele is identical or different
  • dominant hemisphere. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • done   adj. cooked until ready to serve;  having finished or arrived at completion
  • donnan. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • donnan effect. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • donor   noun person who makes a gift of property;  (medicine) someone who gives blood or tissue or an organ to be used in another person (the host)
  • donors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dopamine   noun a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension
  • dopamine system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dopamine system and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dopaminergic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • doppler   noun Austrian physicist famous for his discovery of the Doppler effect (1803 1853)
  • doppler flowmeter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dorsal   adj. belonging to or on or near the back or upper surface of an animal or organ or part;  facing away from the axis of an organ or organism
  • dorsal column. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dorsal respiratory group. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dorsalis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dose   noun a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time; the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time;  street name for lysergic acid diethylamide;  a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact;  verb treat with an agent; add (an agent) to;  administer a drug to
  • double   adj. having two meanings with intent to deceive;  large enough for two;  twice as great or many;  consisting of or involving two parts or components usually in pairs;  having more than one decidedly dissimilar aspects or qualities;  used of flowers having more than the usual number of petals in crowded or overlapping arrangements;  used of homologous chromosomes associated in pairs in synapsis;  adv. two together;  downward and forward;  to double the degree;  noun a base hit on which the batter stops safely at second base;  a quantity that is twice as great as another; someone who closely resembles a famous person (especially an actor);  a stand in for movie stars to perform dangerous stunts; raising the stakes in a card game by a factor of 2;  verb increase twofold;  hit a two base hit;  do double duty; serve two purposes or have two functions;  bridge: make a demand for (a card or suit); make or do or perform again;  bend over or curl up, usually with laughter or pain
  • douloureux. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • down   adj. not functioning (temporarily or permanently);  shut; understood perfectly;  being put out by a strikeout;  extending or moving from a higher to a lower place;  becoming progressively lower;  being or moving lower in position or less in some value;  low in spirits;  lower than previously;  adv. spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position;  away from a more central or a more northerly place;  paid in cash at time of purchase;  in an inactive or inoperative state;  to a lower intensity;  from an earlier time;  noun(American football) a complete play to advance the football;  soft fine feathers;  fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs);  (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil;  English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828 1896);  verb bring down or defeat (an opponent);  cause to come or go down;  shoot at and force to come down;  improve or perfect by pruning or polishing;  eat immoderately;  drink down entirely
  • down regulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • down regulation or up regulation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • down syndrome   noun a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
  • drag   noun the act of dragging (pulling with force);  clothing that is conventionally worn by the opposite sex (especially women's clothing when worn by a man);  something tedious and boring; something that slows or delays progress;  the phenomenon of resistance to motion through a fluid;  a slow inhalation (as of tobacco smoke);  verb proceed for an extended period of time;  persuade to come away from something attractive or interesting;  pull, as against a resistance;  to lag or linger behind;  move slowly and as if with great effort;  use a computer mouse to move icons on the screen and select commands from a menu;  suck in or take (air);  search (as the bottom of a body of water) for something valuable or lost;  draw slowly or heavily;  walk without lifting the feet;  force into some kind of situation, condition, or course of action
  • drain   noun emptying something accomplished by allowing liquid to run out of it;  a gradual depletion of energy or resources;  a pipe through which liquid is carried away;  tube inserted into a body cavity (as during surgery) to remove unwanted material;  verb empty of liquid; drain the liquid from;  deplete of resources;  flow off gradually; make weak
  • drained   adj. emptied or exhausted of (as by drawing off e.g. water or other liquid);  drained of electric charge; discharged;  very tired
  • dreaming   noun a series of mental images and emotions occurring during sleep;  imaginative thoughts indulged in while awake
  • drinking   noun the act of consuming liquids;  the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess
  • dropped   adj. (used of a mammal) born
  • dropped beats. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drug   noun a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic;  verbadminister a drug to;  use recreational drugs
  • drug effects on. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drug treatment for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs acting at. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs acting on. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs blocking. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs blocking release of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs blocking synthesis of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs blocking transmission through. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs causing block of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs causing release of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs that block. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs that stimulate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • drugs with potentiating effect on. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dual   adj. a grammatical number category referring to two items or units as opposed to one item (singular) or more than two items (plural);  consisting of or involving two parts or components usually in pairs;  having more than one decidedly dissimilar aspects or qualities
  • dual pathways for transmission of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • duct   noun an enclosed conduit for a fluid;  a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance;  a continuous tube formed by a row of elongated cells lacking intervening end walls
  • ducts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ductus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ductus arteriosus   noun a blood vessel in a fetus that bypasses pulmonary circulation by connecting the pulmonary artery directly to the ascending aorta; normally closes at birth
  • ductus venosus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • due   adj. owed and payable immediately or on demand;  suitable to or expected in the circumstances;  scheduled to arrive;  adv. directly or exactly; straight;  noun that which is deserved or owed;  a payment that is due (e.g., as the price of membership)
  • duodenal   adj. in or relating to the duodenum
  • duodenal mucous glands and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • duodenal mucus and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • duodenocolic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • duodenocolic reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • duodenum   noun the part of the small intestine between the stomach and the jejunum
  • dural   adj. of or relating to the dura mater
  • dural sinuses. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • duration   noun continuance in time;  the property of enduring or continuing in time;  the period of time during which something continues
  • duration in pregnancy and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • duration of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • duration of action in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • duration of cardiac cycle and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • duration of contraction and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • during. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • during compensation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • during exercise. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • during exercise or shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • during menstruation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • during nursing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • during rhythmical contractions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dwarfism   noun a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
  • dwarfism in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dye   noun a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair;  verb color with dye
  • dynamic   adj. characterized by action or forcefulness or force of personality;  of or relating to dynamics;  expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water');  noun an efficient incentive
  • dynamic neurons in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dynamic proprioception. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dynamics   noun the branch of mechanics concerned with the forces that cause motions of bodies
  • dynein. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dynorphin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dysarthria   noun impaired articulatory ability resulting from defects in the peripheral motor nerves or in the speech musculature
  • dysbarism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dysdiadochokinesia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dysfunction   noun (medicine) any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part
  • dyslexia   noun impaired ability to learn to read
  • dysmetria. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dyspnea   noun difficult or labored respiration
  • dyspnea associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • dyspnea secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • e   noun the 5th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the base of the natural system of logarithms; approximately equal to 2.718282...;  the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees;  a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons;  a fat soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • each   adj. (used of count nouns) every one considered individually; adv. to or from every one of two or more (considered individually)
  • ear   noun the sense organ for hearing and equilibrium;  good hearing;  attention to what is said;  fruiting spike of a cereal plant especially corn;  the externally visible cartilaginous structure of the external ear
  • early   adj. at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time;  being or occurring at an early stage of development;  of an early stage in the development of a language or literature;  very young;  belonging to the distant past; expected in the near future;  adv. before the usual time or the time expected;  in good time;  during an early stage
  • early nutrition of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ecg   noun a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • echocardiography   noun a noninvasive diagnostic procedure that uses ultrasound to study to structure and motions of the heart
  • eclampsia   noun a toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly coma during or immediately after pregnancy
  • ectopic   adj. exhibiting ectopia
  • ectopic beat. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ectopic foci. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ectopic foci caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ectopic pacemaker associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ectopic pacemaker in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ectoplasm   noun the outer granule free layer of cytoplasm; (spiritualism) a substance supposed to emanate from the body of the medium during a trance
  • eddy   noun a miniature whirlpool or whirlwind resulting when the current of a fluid doubles back on itself;  founder of Christian Science in 1866 (1821 1910);  verb flow in a circular current, of liquids
  • eddy currents. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • edema   noun swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • edema and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • edema caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • edema caused by decrease in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • edema caused by increased in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • edema in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • edematous   adj. swollen with an excessive accumulation of fluid
  • edinger westphal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • edinger westphal nucleus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • eeg   noun a graphical record of electrical activity of the brain; produced by an electroencephalograph
  • effect   noun (of a law) having legal validity;  an impression (especially one that is artificial or contrived);  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work;  a symptom caused by an illness or a drug;  an outward appearance;  a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon;  verb produce;  act so as to bring into existence
  • effectors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • effects   noun property of a personal character that is portable but not used in business
  • effects on the body. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • efference. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • efference copy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • efferent   adj. of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying information away from the CNS;  noun a nerve that conveys impulses toward or to muscles or glands
  • efferent arteriole. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • efferents. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • efficiency   noun skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort;  the ratio of the output to the input of any system
  • efficiency of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • efficiency of heart in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • effusion   noun flow under pressure;  an unrestrained expression of emotion
  • effusion in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • einthoven   noun Dutch physiologist who devised the first electrocardiograph (1860 1927)
  • ejaculation   noun an abrupt emphatic exclamation expressing emotion;  the discharge of semen in males
  • ejaculation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ejaculatory. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ejaculatory duct   noun a part of the seminal duct formed by the duct from the seminal vesicle and the vas deferens; passes through the prostate gland
  • ejection   noun the act of forcing out someone or something;  the act of expelling or projecting or ejecting
  • ejection fraction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ejection of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • elaboration   noun developing in intricate and painstaking detail; addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail;  marked by elaborately complex detail;  a discussion that provides additional information;  the result of improving something
  • elaboration of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • elastase   noun a pancreatic enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of elastin
  • elastic   adj. capable of resuming original shape after stretching or compression; springy;  able to adjust readily to different conditions; noun a fabric made of yarns containing an elastic material;  a narrow band of elastic rubber used to hold things (such as papers) together
  • elastic forces of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • elastic recoil. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • elastin   noun a fibrous scleroprotein found in elastic tissues such as the walls of arteries
  • elastin in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electric   adj. affected by emotion as if by electricity; thrilling;  (of a situation) exceptionally tense;  using or providing or producing or transmitting or operated by electricity;  noun a car that is powered by electricity
  • electric shock   noun a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body;  the use of electricity to administer punishment or torture;  trauma caused by the passage of electric current through the body (as from contact with high voltage lines or being struck by lightning); usually involves burns and abnormal heart rhythm and unconsciousness
  • electrical   adj. relating to or concerned with electricity;  using or providing or producing or transmitting or operated by electricity
  • electrical activity of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electrical alternans. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electrical currents in region of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electrical stimulation for treatment of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electrical synapses. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electrocardiogram   noun a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • electrocardiogram and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electrocardiogram in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electrocardiogram with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electroconvulsive. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electroconvulsive therapy   noun the administration of a strong electric current that passes through the brain to induce convulsions and coma
  • electrode   noun a conductor used to make electrical contact with some part of a circuit
  • electroencephalogram   noun a graphical record of electrical activity of the brain; produced by an electroencephalograph
  • electrolytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electromagnetic   adj. pertaining to or exhibiting magnetism produced by electric charge in motion
  • electromagnetic flowmeter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electromagnetic receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electron   noun an elementary particle with negative charge
  • electron transport chain. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electrotonic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electrotonic conduction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • electrotonic conduction in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • element   noun the most favorable environment for a plant or animal;  a straight line that generates a cylinder or cone;  the situation in which you are happiest and most effective;  one of four substances thought in ancient and medieval cosmology to constitute the physical universe;  an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system;  an abstract part of something;  any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
  • elements   noun violent or severe weather (viewed as caused by the action of the four elements)
  • elevated   adj. raised above the ground;  raised above ground level; on elevated rails;  noun a railway that is powered by electricity and that runs on a track that is raised above the street level
  • elevated pressure in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • elevation   noun drawing of an exterior of a structure;  (ballet) the height of a dancer's leap or jump;  distance of something above a reference point (such as sea level);  the event of something being raised upward;  angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object);  the act of increasing the wealth or prestige or power or scope of something;  a raised or elevated geological formation;  the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
  • elisa   noun an assay that relies on an enzymatic conversion reaction and is used to detect the presence of specific substances (such as enzymes or viruses or antibodies or bacteria)
  • emboli. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • embolism   noun occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus (a loose clot or air bubble or other particle);  an insertion into a calendar
  • embolus   noun an abnormal particle (e.g. an air bubble or part of a clot) circulating in the blood
  • embryo   noun an animal organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation that in higher forms merge into fetal stages but in lower forms terminate in commencement of larval life;  (botany) a minute rudimentary plant contained within a seed or an archegonium
  • embryology   noun the branch of biology that studies the formation and early development of living organisms
  • embryology of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • eminence   noun high status importance owing to marked superiority;  a protuberance on a bone especially for attachment of a muscle or ligament
  • emission   noun the act of emitting; causing to flow forth;  the occurrence of a flow of water (as from a pipe);  the release of electrons from parent atoms;  any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body;  a substance that is emitted or released
  • emmetropia   noun (ophthalmology) the normal refractive condition of the eye in which there is clear focus of light on the retina
  • emotional   adj. of more than usual emotion;  determined or actuated by emotion rather than reason;  of or pertaining to emotion; (of persons) excessively affected by emotion;  extravagantly demonstrative
  • emotional arousal   noun the arousal of strong emotions and emotional behavior
  • emotional stimuli and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • emotions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • emphysema   noun an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
  • emphysema leading. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • emphysema leading to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • emptying   noun the act of removing the contents of something
  • emptying and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • emptying of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • emptying of ventricles during. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • emulsification. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • emulsification for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • emulsification of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enamel   noun any smooth glossy coating that resembles ceramic glaze;  a paint that dries to a hard glossy finish;  hard white substance covering the crown of a tooth;  a colored glassy compound (opaque or partially opaque) that is fused to the surface of metal or glass or pottery for decoration or protection;  verb coat, inlay, or surface with enamel
  • end   noun a position on the line of scrimmage;  the part you are expected to play;  a piece of cloth that is left over after the rest has been used or sold;  a final part or section;  the concluding parts of an event or occurrence;  a boundary marking the extremities of something;  either extremity of something that has length;  the surface at either extremity of a three dimensional object;  one of two places from which people are communicating to each other; (football) the person who plays at one end of the line of scrimmage; a final state;  the point in time at which something ends;  the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve and that (when achieved) terminates behavior intended to achieve it;  the last section of a communication;  verb bring to an end or halt;  put an end to;  have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical;  be the end of; be the last or concluding part of
  • end diastolic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • end diastolic pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • end diastolic volume. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • end organ   noun a specialized structure at the peripheral end of some motor or sensory nerve fibers
  • end plate potential. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • end plate potential and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • end stage. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • end stage renal disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • end stage renal disease associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • end stage renal disease caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • end systolic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • end systolic volume. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endemic   adj. native to or confined to a certain region;  of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality;  originating where it is found;  noun a plant that is native to a certain limited area;  a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
  • endemic goiter and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endings. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endocochlear. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endocochlear potential. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endocrine   adj. of or belonging to endocrine glands or their secretions;  noun any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream;  the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • endocrine glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endocrine hormones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endocrine problems in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endocytosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endogenous   adj. derived or originating internally;  of or resembling an endogen
  • endogenous analgesia system and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endogenous pyrogen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endolymph   noun the bodily fluid that fills the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear
  • endometrial   adj. of or relating to the endometrium
  • endometrial cycle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endometrial nutrients and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endometriosis   noun the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea
  • endometrium   noun (pregnancy) the mucous membrane that lines the uterus; thickens under hormonal control and (if pregnancy does not occur) is shed in menstruation; if pregnancy occurs it is shed along with the placenta at parturition
  • endoplasmic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endoplasmic reticulum. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endoplasmic reticulum and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endoplasmic reticulum vesicles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endorphin   noun a neurochemical occurring naturally in the brain and having analgesic properties
  • endorphins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endostatin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endothelial   adj. of or relating to or located in the endothelium
  • endothelial cell receptors for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endothelial cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endothelial damage. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endothelial damage in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endothelial derived. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endothelial derived relaxing or constricting. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endothelial surface and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endothelin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endothelin as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endothelin receptor blockers for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endothelin release in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • endothelium   noun an epithelium of mesoblastic origin; a thin layer of flattened cells that lines the inside of some body cavities
  • endotoxin   noun a toxin that is confined inside the microorganisms and is released only when the microorganisms are broken down or die
  • endurance   noun the power to withstand hardship or stress;  a state of surviving; remaining alive
  • endurance of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energized. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy   noun an imaginative lively style (especially style of writing); enterprising or ambitious drive;  forceful exertion;  (physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work; the units of energy are joules or ergs;  a healthy capacity for vigorous activity;  the federal department responsible for maintaining a national energy policy of the United States; created in 1977
  • energy abundance. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy abundance and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy available in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy equivalent of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy equivalent of oxygen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy expenditure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy expenditure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy expenditure by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy expenditure in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy for specific sports in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy from atp for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy of atp for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy production from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy release. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy released per mole of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy required for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy requirement of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy source. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy sources. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy sources for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • energy storage and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enhancers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enkephalin   noun an endorphin having opiate qualities that occurs in the brain and spinal cord and elsewhere
  • enkephalins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enlargement   noun a photographic print that has been enlarged; the state of being enlarged;  the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope;  a discussion that provides additional information
  • enlargement of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enormous   adj. extraordinarily large in size or extent or amount or power or degree
  • enormous range of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enteric   adj. of or relating to the enteron;  of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • enteric lipase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enteric nervous system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enteric nervous system and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enterochromaffin like. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enterochromaffin like cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enterocytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enterogastric. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enterogastric reflexes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enterogastric reflexes and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enterohepatic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enterohepatic circulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enterohepatic circulation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • entrapped. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • entries. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • entry   noun an item inserted in a written record;  a written record of a commercial transaction;  the act of entering;  the act of beginning something new;  something that provides access (to get in or get out);  something (manuscripts or architectural plans and models or estimates or works of art of all genres etc.) submitted for the judgment of others (as in a competition)
  • entry into fallopian tube. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • entry of ovum into. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • environment   noun the area in which something exists or lives;  the totality of surrounding conditions
  • enzyme   noun any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
  • enzyme linked. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enzyme linked immunosorbent. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enzyme linked receptors for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enzyme regulation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enzymes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • enzymes for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • eosinophil   noun a leukocyte readily stained with eosin
  • eosinophil chemotactic factor of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • eosinophilic   adj. of or relating to eosinophil
  • eosinophilic chemotactic factor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • eosinophils. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • eosinophils in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • epicardial. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • epicardial vs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • epididymis   noun a convoluted tubule in each testis; carries sperm to vas deferens
  • epidural   adj. on or outside the dura mater;  noun regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord; sensation is lost in the abdominal and genital and pelvic areas; used in childbirth and gynecological surgery
  • epidural space. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • epilepsy   noun a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
  • epilepsy and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • epinephrine   noun a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • epinephrine and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • epinephrine degradation by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • epithelium of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • eplerenone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • equation   noun the act of regarding as equal;  a mathematical statement that two expressions are equal;  a state of being essentially equal or equivalent; equally balanced
  • equilibrium   noun a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head;  a stable situation in which forces cancel one another;  a chemical reaction and its reverse proceed at equal rates;  equality of distribution
  • equilibrium and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • equilibrium between plasma and tissues. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • equilibrium between proteins and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • equilibrium between tissue proteins and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • equilibrium maintenance and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • equilibrium status and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • equivalent   adj. being essentially equal to something;  equal in amount or value;  noun the atomic weight of an element that has the same combining capacity as a given weight of another element; the standard is 8 for oxygen;  a person or thing equal to another in value or measure or force or effect or significance etc
  • erectile   adj. filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood;  capable of being raised to an upright position
  • erectile dysfunction   noun impotence resulting from a man's inability to have or maintain an erection of his penis
  • erection   noun a structure that has been erected;  an erect penis; the act of building or putting up
  • erection and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • errors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • erythematosus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • erythroblastosis   noun a blood disease characterized by the abnormal presence of erythroblasts in the blood
  • erythroblastosis fetalis   noun severe anemia in newborn babies; the result of Rh incompatibility between maternal and fetal blood; typically occurs when the child of an Rh negative mother inherits Rh positive blood from the father; can be diagnosed before birth by amniocentesis
  • erythroblastosis fetalis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • erythroblasts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • erythrocytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • erythropoietin   noun a glycoprotein secreted by the kidneys that stimulates the production of red blood cells
  • erythropoietin and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • erythropoietin secretion in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • es   noun a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons
  • escape   noun the act of escaping physically;  a means or way of escaping;  an avoidance of danger or difficulty;  an inclination to retreat from unpleasant realities through diversion or fantasy;  the unwanted discharge of a fluid from some container;  a plant originally cultivated but now growing wild;  nonperformance of something distasteful (as by deceit or trickery) that you are supposed to do;  a valve in a container in which pressure can build up (as a steam boiler); it opens automatically when the pressure reaches a dangerous level;  verb issue or leak, as from a small opening;  run away from confinement;  remove oneself from a familiar environment, usually for pleasure or diversion;  fail to experience; escape potentially unpleasant consequences; get away with a forbidden action;  flee; take to one's heels; cut and run;  be incomprehensible to; escape understanding by
  • esophageal   adj. relating to the esophagus
  • esophageal reflux   noun reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus
  • esophageal secretions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • esophageal secretions and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • esophageal sphincter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • esophagus   noun the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • esrd. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • essential   adj. basic and fundamental;  absolutely required and not to be used up or sacrificed;  absolutely necessary; vitally necessary; being or relating to or containing the essence of a plant etc;  defining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established;  of the greatest importance;  noun anything indispensable
  • essential hypertension and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • esterase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • esters. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estimated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estimated from sodium concentration. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estimation   noun a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody;  an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth;  the respect with which a person is held;  a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation)
  • estimation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estradiol   noun the most powerful female hormone that occurs naturally; synthesized and used to treat estrogen deficiency and breast cancer
  • estriol   noun a naturally occurring estrogenic hormone; a synthetic form is used to treat estrogen deficiency
  • estrogen   noun a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
  • estrogen and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estrogen and progesterone secreted by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estrogen formed by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estrogen in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estrogen synthesis in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estrogenic   adj. relating to or caused by estrogen
  • estrogenic effects on. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estrogens. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estrogens and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estrogens bound to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • estrone   noun a naturally occurring weak estrogenic hormone secreted by the mammalian ovary; synthesized (trade name Estronol) and used to treat estrogen deficiency
  • ethacrynic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ethacrynic acid   noun diuretic (trade name Edecrin) used to treat edema
  • eunuchism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • evans   noun British archaeologist who excavated the palace of Knossos in Crete to find what he called Minoan civilization (1851 1941);  United States anatomist who identified four pituitary hormones and discovered vitamin E (1882 1971)
  • evans blue dye. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • evaporative   adj. relating to or causing or being caused by evaporation
  • evaporative heat loss. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • events. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • events in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • evolution   noun (biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms;  a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage)
  • evolution of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • examination   noun the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes);  the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned;  a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge;  a detailed inspection of your conscience (as done daily by Jesuits);  formal systematic questioning
  • excess   adj. more than is needed, desired, or required;  nounimmoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or permitted limits;  a quantity much larger than is needed;  excessive indulgence;  the state of being more than full
  • excess extracellular fluid in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excess fluid and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excess of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excess or deficiency of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exchange   noun (chess) the capture by both players (usually on consecutive moves) of pieces of equal value;  (chess) gaining (or losing) a rook in return for a knight or bishop;  reciprocal transfer of equivalent sums of money especially the currencies of different countries;  the act of giving something in return for something received;  the act of changing one thing for another thing;  a workplace for buying and selling; open only to members;  a mutual expression of views (especially an unpleasant one);  chemical process in which one atom or ion or group changes places with another;  the act of putting one thing or person in the place of another: "he sent Smith in for Jones but the substitution came too late to help";  (sports) an unbroken sequence of several successive strokes;  a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication;  verb give to, and receive from, one another;  hand over one and receive another, approximately equivalent;  change over, change around, as to a new order or sequence;  exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category; exchange a penalty for a less severe one
  • exchange between compartments. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exchange with extracellular fluid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exchangeable   adj. suitable to be exchanged;  capable of replacing or changing places with something else; permitting mutual substitution without loss of function or suitability;  capable of being exchanged for or replaced by something of equal value
  • exchangeable calcium in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exchanger   noun one whose business is to exchange the money of one country for that of another country
  • excitability   noun being easily excited;  excessive sensitivity of an organ or body part
  • excitation   noun something that agitates and arouses;  the neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or gland;  the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up
  • excitation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitation and inhibition in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitation and inhibition transmitted by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitation by cortex for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitation contraction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitation contraction coupling. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitation contraction coupling and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitation contraction coupling in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitatory   adj. (of drugs e.g.) able to excite or stimulate
  • excitatory and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitatory and conductive system of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitatory area in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitatory postsynaptic potential. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitatory presynaptic terminals. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitatory receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitatory receptors of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitatory state of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitatory stimulus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excitatory transmitter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excited   adj. in an aroused state;  (of persons) excessively affected by emotion;  (of e.g. a molecule) made reactive or more reactive; marked by uncontrolled excitement or emotion
  • excited by stretch. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excited zone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excretion   noun the bodily process of discharging waste matter; waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
  • excretion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excretion of calcium in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excretion of hormones in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excretion rate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • excretory   adj. of or relating to the process of excretion
  • excretory functions of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exercise   noun the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit;  a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding;  systematic training by multiple repetitions; (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches; the act of using;  verb do physical exercise;  give a workout to;  learn by repetition;  put to use;  carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
  • exercise and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exercise related. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exercise related contraction of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exercise related discharge of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exercise related increase in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exercise related stimulation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exercise testing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exercise training and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exocytosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exocytosis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exophthalmos   noun protrusion of the eyeball from the socket
  • expanded   adj. increased in extent or size or bulk or scope
  • expanded tip tactile receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • expiratory compliance curve. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • expiratory reserve volume. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • expired   adj. having come to an end or become void after passage of a period of time
  • expired air. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • expired air and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • expression   noun the act of forcing something out by squeezing or pressing;  the feelings expressed on a person's face;  expression without words;  the communication (in speech or writing) of your beliefs or opinions;  (genetics) the process of expressing a gene;  a group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit;  a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement;  the style of expressing yourself;  a word or phrase that particular people use in particular situations
  • extensor   noun a skeletal muscle whose contraction extends or stretches a body part
  • external   adj. happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface;  purely outward or superficial;  from or between other countries;  coming from the outside;  noun outward features
  • external anal sphincter and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • external bladder sphincter and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • external pressure on heart and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • external sphincter of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • external work. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • external work output of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exteroceptive   adj. of or relating to exteroception
  • exteroceptive information and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exteroreceptive. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • exteroreceptive sensations. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracellular fluid and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracellular fluid and plasma. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracellular fluid concentration in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracellular fluid concentration of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracellular fluid osmolarity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracellular fluid osmolarity and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracellular fluid sodium and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracellular fluid volume. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracellular fluid volume and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracellular fluid volume in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracellular fluids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracorporeal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extracorporeal circulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extraction   noun the act of pulling out (as a tooth);  the process of obtaining something from a mixture or compound by chemical or physical or mechanical means;  properties attributable to your ancestry
  • extrafusal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extrafusal muscle fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extrapyramidal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extrapyramidal system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extrasystole   noun a premature systole resulting in a momentary cardiac arrhythmia
  • extreme   adj. most distant in any direction;  of the greatest possible degree or extent or intensity;  far beyond a norm in quantity or amount or degree; to an utmost degree;  beyond a norm in views or actions;  noun the furthest or highest degree of something;  the point located farthest from the middle of something
  • extreme diarrhea and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • extrinsic   adj. not forming an essential part of a thing or arising or originating from the outside
  • extrinsic pathway of coagulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • eye   noun a small hole or loop (as in a needle);  the organ of sight; good discernment (either visually or as if visually);  attention to what is seen;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region;  verb look at
  • eye control by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • eye movements. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • eyes   noun opinion or judgment
  • f   noun the 6th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates;  a degree on the Fahrenheit scale of temperature;  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • f actin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • facial   adj. of or pertaining to the outside surface of an object;  of or concerning the face;  noun care for the face that usually involves cleansing and massage and the application of cosmetic creams; cranial nerve that supplies facial muscles
  • facial recognition areas. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • facilitated   adj. freed from difficulty or impediment
  • facilitated diffusion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • facilitated diffusion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • facilitated diffusion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • facilitated zone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • facilitation   noun act of assisting or making easier the progress or improvement of something;  (neurophysiology) phenomenon that occurs when two or more neural impulses that alone are not enough to trigger a response in a neuron combine to trigger an action potential;  the condition of being made easy (or easier)
  • facilitation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • facilitation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • facilitation of neurons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • facilitatory   adj. inducing or aiding in facilitating neural activity
  • factor   noun an independent variable in statistics;  anything that contributes causally to a result;  any of the numbers (or symbols) that form a product when multiplied together;  (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity;  an abstract part of something;  a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission;  one of two or more integers that can be exactly divided into another integer;  verb resolve into factors
  • factors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • factors affecting. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • factors affecting experience of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • factors affecting level of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • factors affecting quantity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • factors affecting secretion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • factors causing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • factors determining. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fad   noun an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  • failure   noun an unexpected omission;  an act that fails;  an event that does not accomplish its intended purpose;  a person with a record of failing; someone who loses consistently;  loss of ability to function normally;  lack of success;  inability to discharge all your debts as they come due
  • fainting. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fallopian. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fallopian tube relaxation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fallopian tubes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fallot   noun French physician who described cardiac anomalies including Fallot's tetralogy (1850 1911)
  • familial   adj. tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity;  relating to or having the characteristics of a family
  • familial hypercholesterolemia   noun congenital disorder characterized by high levels of cholesterol and early development of atherosclerosis
  • fanconi. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • farsightedness   noun seeing ahead; knowing in advance; foreseeing;  abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects
  • fasciculata. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fasciculus   noun a bundle of fibers (especially nerve fibers)
  • fast   adj. acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly;  at a rapid tempo;  (used of timepieces) indicating a time ahead of or later than the correct time;  securely fixed in place;  resistant to destruction or fading;  (of surfaces) conducive to rapid speeds; unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause;  hurried and brief; unrestrained by convention or morality;  firmly fastened or secured against opening;  adv. quickly or rapidly (often used as a combining form);  firmly or tightly;  noun abstaining from food;  verb abstain from eating;  abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons
  • fast and slow. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fast and slow fibers in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fast muscle fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fast pain. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fast pain fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fast sharp. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fast sharp pain pathway. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fast sodium channels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fast twitch. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fast twitch muscle fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fast vs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fastigial. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fastigial nucleus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fasting   noun abstaining from food
  • fasting blood glucose. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fat   adj. a chubby body;  having much flesh (especially fat);  marked by great fruitfulness;  lucrative;  having a relatively large diameter; containing or composed of fat;  noun a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly triglycerides);  excess bodily weight;  a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs;  verb make fat or plump
  • fat cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fat deposition and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fat digestion in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fat in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fat metabolism and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fat storage and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fat storage in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fat synthesis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fat utilization and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fat utilization in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatigue   noun (always used with a modifier) boredom resulting from overexposure to something;  temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work;  used of materials (especially metals) in a weakened state caused by long stress;  labor of a nonmilitary kind done by soldiers (cleaning or digging or draining or so on);  verb exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress;  get tired of something or somebody
  • fatigue in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatigue of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fats. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fats and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty   adj. containing or composed of fat;  noun a rotund individual
  • fatty acid degradation in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acid diffusion into. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acid metabolism in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acid mobilization caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acid mobilization from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acid oxidation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acid storage in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acid synthesis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acid synthesis from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acid transport by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acid transport into. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acids derived from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty acids in blood in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty liver disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fatty streaks. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • features. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • febrile   adj. of or relating to or characterized by fever
  • fecal   adj. foul with waste matter; of or relating to feces
  • fecal color and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fecal excretion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • feces   noun solid excretory product evacuated from the bowels
  • feed forward. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • feed forward control. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • feedback   noun response to an inquiry or experiment;  the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input in order to regulate its further output
  • feedback control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • feedback gain. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • feedback to motor cortex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • feeding   noun the act of supplying food and nourishment;  the act of consuming food
  • feeding and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • feeding center. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • feet. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • female   adj. being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces fertilizable gametes (ova) from which offspring develop;  for or pertaining to or composed of women or girls;  characteristic of or peculiar to a woman;  noun an animal that produces gametes (ova) that can be fertilized by male gametes (spermatozoa);  a person who belongs to the sex that can have babies
  • female and male athletes in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • female fertility. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • female hormones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • female infertility and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • female orgasm and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • female sexual act. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • female sexual cycle and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • female sexual organs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • femoral   adj. of or relating to or near the femur or thigh
  • fenestrae. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fenestrae of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fenestrated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fenestrated capillaries. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fenn. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fenn effect. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ferritin   noun a protein containing 20% iron that is found in the intestines and liver and spleen; it is one of the chief forms in which iron is stored in the body
  • fertility   noun the state of being fertile; capable of producing offspring;  the property of producing abundantly and sustaining vigorous and luxuriant growth;  the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 population per year
  • fertilization   noun making fertile as by applying fertilizer or manure; creation by the physical union of male and female gametes; of sperm and ova in an animal or pollen and ovule in a plant
  • fertilization and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fertilized. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fetal   adj. of or relating to a fetus
  • fetal accumulation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fetal blood and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fetal cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fetal development of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fetal morbidity in mothers with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fetal testes and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fetal urine in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fetal zone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fetalis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fetus   noun an unborn or unhatched vertebrate in the later stages of development showing the main recognizable features of the mature animal
  • fever   noun intense nervous anticipation;  a rise in the temperature of the body; frequently a symptom of infection
  • fever and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fiber   noun a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth;  a slender and greatly elongated solid substance;  the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions
  • fiber types leading from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibrillar. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibrillar proteins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibrillation   noun act or process of forming fibrils;  muscular twitching involving individual muscle fibers acting without coordination
  • fibrillation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibrillation caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibrillation tendency and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibrin   noun a white insoluble fibrous protein formed by the action of thrombin on fibrinogen when blood clots; it forms a network that traps red cells and platelets
  • fibrin stabilizing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibrin stabilizing factor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibrinogen   noun a protein present in blood plasma; converts to fibrin when blood clots
  • fibrinogen leaking into. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibrinolysin   noun an enzyme that dissolves the fibrin of blood clots
  • fibroblast   noun a cell from which connective tissue develops
  • fibroblast growth factor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibroblasts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibromuscular. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibromuscular hyperplasia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibroplasia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibrosa. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fibrosis   noun development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ
  • fibrous   adj. (of meat) full of sinews; especially impossible to chew; having or resembling fibers especially fibers used in making cordage such as those of jute
  • fick. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fick principle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • field   noun a particular kind of commercial enterprise;  the area that is visible (as through an optical instrument);  all the competitors in a particular contest or sporting event;  all of the horses in a particular horse race;  (mathematics) a set of elements such that addition and multiplication are commutative and associative and multiplication is distributive over addition and there are two elements 0 and 1; (computer science) a set of one or more adjacent characters comprising a unit of information;  a region in which active military operations are in progress;  somewhere (away from a studio or office or library or laboratory) where practical work is done or data is collected;  a piece of land cleared of trees and usually enclosed;  a geographic region (land or sea) under which something valuable is found;  the space around a radiating body within which its electromagnetic oscillations can exert force on another similar body not in contact with it;  a place where planes take off and land;  a branch of knowledge;  a region where a battle is being (or has been) fought;  a piece of land prepared for playing a game;  extensive tract of level open land;  a particular environment or walk of life;  verbselect (a team or individual player) for a game;  answer adequately or successfully;  play as a fielder;  catch or pick up (balls) in baseball or cricket
  • fields   noun United States comedian and film actor (1880 1946)
  • fields of vision. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fifth   adj. coming next after the fourth and just before the sixth in position;  noun the musical interval between one note and another five notes away from it;  a quantity of liquor equal to one fifth of a United States gallon;  position five in a countable series of things; one part in five equal parts
  • fifth cranial nerve   noun the main sensory nerve of the face and motor nerve for the muscles of mastication
  • fight   noun a boxing or wrestling match;  the act of fighting; any contest or struggle;  an intense verbal dispute;  a hostile meeting of opposing military forces in the course of a war;  an aggressive willingness to compete;  verb fight against or resist strongly;  make a strenuous or labored effort;  be engaged in a fight; carry on a fight; exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end or engage in a crusade for a certain cause or person; be an advocate for
  • fight or flight reaction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • figures. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • filaments. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • filariasis   noun a disease caused by nematodes in the blood or tissues of the body causing blockage of lymphatic vessels
  • filling   noun the act of filling something;  (dentistry) a dental appliance consisting of any of various substances (as metal or plastic) inserted into a prepared cavity in a tooth;  a food mixture used to fill pastry or sandwiches etc.;  flow into something (as a container);  any material that fills a space or container;  the yarn woven across the warp yarn in weaving
  • filling of ventricles during. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • filling pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • filtrate   noun the product of filtration; a gas or liquid that has been passed through a filter;  verb remove by passing through a filter
  • filtration   noun the act of changing a fluid by passing it through a filter;  the process whereby fluids pass through a filter or a filtering medium
  • filtration coefficient. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • filtration fraction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • filtration fraction calculated from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • filtration pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • firing   noun the act of discharging a gun;  the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart);  the act of setting something on fire;  the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy
  • first   adj. being the gear producing the lowest drive speed;  ranking above all others;  preceding all others in time or space or degree; highest in pitch or chief among parts or voices or instruments or orchestra sections;  indicating the beginning unit in a series;  serving to begin;  serving to set in motion;  adv. before anything else;  the initial time;  before another in time, space, or importance; prominently forward;  noun an honours degree of the highest class; the first element in a countable series;  the first or highest in an ordering or series;  the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed at first of the bases in the infield (counting counterclockwise from home plate);  the lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle; used to start a car moving;  the time at which something is supposed to begin
  • first degree   noun a degree of one
  • first degree incomplete heart block. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • first heart sound. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • first heart sound and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fissure   noun (anatomy) a long narrow slit or groove that divides an organ into lobes;  a long narrow opening;  a long narrow depression in a surface;  verb break into fissures or fine cracks
  • fistula   noun an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface;  a chronic inflammation of the withers of a horse
  • fitness   noun the condition of being suitable;  the quality of being qualified;  good physical condition; being in shape or in condition; fitness to traverse the seas
  • fixation   noun (histology) the preservation and hardening of a tissue sample to retain as nearly as possible the same relations they had in the living body;  the activity of fastening something firmly in position;  an unhealthy and compulsive preoccupation with something or someone;  an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
  • fixation movements. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fixation movements of eyes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flagellar. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flagellar movement and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flagellum   noun a lash like appendage used for locomotion (e.g., in sperm cells and some bacteria and protozoa);  a whip used to inflict punishment (often used for pedantic humor)
  • flagellum of sperm. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flatus   noun a reflex that expels intestinal gas through the anus
  • flavin   noun a ketone that forms the nucleus of certain natural yellow pigments like riboflavin
  • flavin adenine dinucleotide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flavin mononucleotide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flavoprotein. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flexor   noun a skeletal muscle whose contraction bends a joint
  • flexor reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flexor reflex and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flight   noun a scheduled trip by plane between designated airports; an instance of traveling by air;  a stairway (set of steps) between one floor or landing and the next;  passing above and beyond ordinary bounds;  an air force unit smaller than a squadron;  a formation of aircraft in flight;  a flock of flying birds;  the act of escaping physically; the path followed by an object moving through space;  verb fly in a flock;  shoot a bird in flight;  decorate with feathers
  • flocculonodular. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flocculonodular lobe. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flocculonodular lobes and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flow   noun the act of flowing or streaming; continuous progression; the motion characteristic of fluids (liquids or gases);  any uninterrupted stream or discharge;  the amount of fluid that flows in a given time;  dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas;  the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause; something that resembles a flowing stream in moving continuously; verb cover or swamp with water;  move or progress freely as if in a stream;  cause to flow;  be abundantly present;  undergo menstruation;  fall or flow in a certain way;  move along, of liquids
  • flow and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flow in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flow of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flowmeter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flowmeters. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • flows. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid   adj. subject to change; variable;  affording change (especially in social status);  in cash or easily convertible to cash;  characteristic of a fluid; capable of flowing and easily changing shape;  smooth and unconstrained in movement;  noun a continuous amorphous substance that tends to flow and to conform to the outline of its container: a liquid or a gas;  a substance that is fluid at room temperature and pressure
  • fluid absorption into capillaries. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid and plasma. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid balance. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid balance with interstitium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid compartments. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid exchange at. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid filtration across. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid filtration across capillaries. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid filtration and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid flow and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid retention. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid retention and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid shifts and osmolarities caused. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid shifts and osmolarities caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid system of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid therapy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluid therapy for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluids in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluorine   noun a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • fluorine and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluorocortisol. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluorophosphate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fluorosis   noun a pathological condition resulting for an excessive intake of fluorine (usually from drinking water)
  • flush   adj. of a surface exactly even with an adjoining one, forming the same plane;  having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value;  adv. squarely or solidly;  in the same plane; noun a sudden rapid flow (as of water);  a poker hand with all 5 cards in the same suit;  sudden reddening of the face (as from embarrassment or guilt or shame or modesty);  the swift release of a store of affective force;  a rosy color (especially in the cheeks) taken as a sign of good health;  sudden brief sensation of heat (associated with menopause and some mental disorders);  the period of greatest prosperity or productivity;  verb cause to flow or flood with or as if with water;  flow freely;  rinse, clean, or empty with a liquid;  make level or straight;  turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame;  irrigate with water from a sluice;  polish and make shiny
  • flutter   noun abnormally rapid beating of the auricles of the heart (especially in a regular rhythm); can result in heart block;  the act of moving back and forth;  the motion made by flapping up and down;  a disorderly outburst or tumult;  verb flag the wings rapidly or fly with flapping movements;  wink briefly;  move back and forth very rapidly; beat rapidly;  move along rapidly and lightly; skim or dart
  • fmn. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • foam   noun a mass of small bubbles formed in or on a liquid;  a lightweight material in cellular form; made by introducing gas bubbles during manufacture;  verb form bubbles
  • foam cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • focal   adj. having or localized centrally at a focus;  of or relating to a focus
  • focal epilepsy   noun epilepsy in which the attack begins with an isolated disturbance of cerebral function (as a twitching of a limb or an illusory sensation or a mental disturbance)
  • focal length   noun the distance from a lens to its focus
  • focal length of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • focal line. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • focal point   noun the concentration of attention or energy on something;  a point of convergence of light (or other radiation) or a point from which it diverges;  a central point or locus of an infection in an organism
  • focal point of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • foci. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • focus   noun maximum clarity or distinctness of an image rendered by an optical system;  maximum clarity or distinctness of an idea;  the concentration of attention or energy on something;  a fixed reference point on the concave side of a conic section;  a point of convergence of light (or other radiation) or a point from which it diverges;  a central point or locus of an infection in an organism;  special emphasis attached to something;  verb put (an image) into focus;  become focussed or come into focus;  cause to converge on or toward a central point;  direct one's attention on something;  bring into focus or alignment; to converge or cause to converge; of ideas or emotions
  • focusing   noun the act of bringing into focus;  the concentration of attention or energy on something
  • focusing of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • folds. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • folds of kerckring. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • folic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • folic acid   noun a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
  • follicle   noun any small spherical group of cells containing a cavity
  • follicle stimulating. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • follicle stimulating hormone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • follicle stimulating hormone and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • follicles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • follicular   adj. of or relating to or constituting a follicle
  • follicular phase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • follicular phase and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • follicular phase of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • followed. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • following   adj. about to be mentioned or specified;  immediately following in time or order;  going or proceeding or coming after in the same direction;  in the desired direction;  noun a group of followers or enthusiasts;  the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture
  • food   noun any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue;  anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking;  any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
  • food intake. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • food intake and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • food intake and feedback from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • food intake and regulation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • foods. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • foot   noun travel by walking;  any of various organs of locomotion or attachment in invertebrates;  a support resembling a pedal extremity; the part of the leg of a human being below the ankle joint;  the lower part of anything;  a member of a surveillance team who works on foot or rides as a passenger;  a linear unit of length equal to 12 inches or a third of a yard;  the pedal extremity of vertebrates other than human beings;  lowest support of a structure;  (prosody) a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm;  an army unit consisting of soldiers who fight on foot;  verb add a column of numbers;  walk;  pay for something
  • foot processes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • footpad   noun a highwayman who robs on foot
  • footpad pressure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • footpads. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for acidosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for alkalosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for angina pectoris. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for arterial blood pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for arterial pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for athletes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for blood pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for body temperature. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for brain cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for brain edema. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for capillary exchange. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for capillary pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for cardiac. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for cardiac muscle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for cardiac output. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for cardiac output measurement. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for cardiogenic shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for clinical use. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for cortisol. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for daily activities. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for different neuron types. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for digestion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for dwarfism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for energy extraction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for essential hypertension. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for essential metabolic functions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for exercise. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for extracellular fluid characteristics. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for facial recognition. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for female infertility. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for gonads. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for hyperthyroidism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for hypoglycemic shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for hypoparathyroidism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for immunosuppression. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for ingestion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for myasthenia gravis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for nerve impulse propagation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for nonshivering thermogenesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for parkinson. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for paroxysmal tachycardia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for physical activities. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for plasma volume measurement. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for processing food. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for pulmonary embolism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for recording membrane. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for skeletal muscle contraction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for surgical patients. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for synthesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for temperature regulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for thrombotic occlusion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for thyroid hormones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for transplantation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for ventricular tachycardia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • for weight loss. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • foramen   noun a natural opening or perforation through a bone or a membranous structure
  • foramen ovale. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • force   noun physical energy or intensity;  a powerful effect or influence;  a group of people having the power of effective action; group of people willing to obey orders;  (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity;  a putout of a base runner who is required to run; the putout is accomplished by holding the ball while touching the base to which the runner must advance before the runner reaches that base;  an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists);  (of a law) having legal validity;  a unit that is part of some military service;  one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority;  verb impose or thrust urgently, importunately, or inexorably;  do forcibly; exert force;  force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;  cause to move by pulling; squeeze like a wedge into a tight space;  take by force;  urge or force (a person) to an action; constrain or motivate;  move with force, "He pushed the table into a corner";  to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city"
  • force of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • forced   adj. made necessary by an unexpected situation or emergency;  forced or compelled;  produced by or subjected to forcing;  lacking spontaneity; not natural
  • forced expiratory vital capacity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • forced expiratory volume. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • forced vital capacity in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • forces. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • forebrain   noun the anterior portion of the brain; the part of the brain that develops from the anterior part of the neural tube
  • foreign   adj. relating to or originating in or characteristic of another place or part of the world;  of concern to or concerning the affairs of other nations (other than your own);  not contained in or deriving from the essential nature of something;  not belonging to that in which it is contained; introduced from an outside source
  • foreign chemicals. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • form   noun a mold for setting concrete;  the visual appearance of something or someone;  a particular mode in which something is manifested;  an ability to perform well;  a perceptual structure;  the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something;  a printed document with spaces in which to write;  an arrangement of the elements in a composition or discourse;  (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups;  the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance;  a life size dummy used to display clothes;  any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline);  alternative names for the body of a human being;  a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality;  a body of students who are taught together; (physical chemistry) a distinct state of matter in a system; matter that is identical in chemical composition and physical state and separated from other material by the phase boundary;  verb assume a form or shape;  create (as an entity);  to compose or represent:"This wall forms the background of the stage setting"; develop into a distinctive entity;  give shape or form to;  make something, usually for a specific function;  establish or impress firmly in the mind
  • form of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • formation   noun the fabrication of something in a particular shape; creation by mental activity;  a particular spatial arrangement;  an arrangement of people or things acting as a unit;  natural process that causes something to form;  the act of forming something; (geology) the geological features of the earth
  • formation and transformations of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • formation by liver. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • formation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • formed   adj. fully developed as by discipline or training;  having taken on a definite arrangement;  having or given a form or shape; clearly defined;  formed in the mind
  • formed in liver. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • forms. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • forms of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • formula   noun a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement;  a conventionalized statement expressing some fundamental principle;  a representation of a substance using symbols for its constituent elements;  a liquid food for infants; something regarded as a normative example;  (mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mathematical problems; directions for making something
  • fornix   noun an arched bundle of white fibers at the base of the brain by which the hippocampus of each hemisphere projects to the contralateral hippocampus and to the thalamus and mamillary bodies;  generally any arch shaped structure (but often it refers to the arched roof of an anatomical space)
  • fourth   adj. coming next after the third and just before the fifth in position or time or degree or magnitude;  adv. in the fourth place; noun the musical interval between one note and another four notes away from it;  following the third position; number four in a countable series;  one of four equal parts
  • fourth power of radius. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fovea   noun area consisting of a small depression in the retina containing cones and where vision is most acute
  • fraction   noun a small part or item forming a piece of a whole;  the quotient of two rational numbers;  a component of a mixture that has been separated by a fractional process;  verb perform a division
  • fracture   noun the act of cracking something;  breaking of hard tissue such as bone;  (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other;  verbfracture a bone of;  break (a bone);  become fractured;  violate or abuse;  break into pieces;  interrupt, break, or destroy
  • fracture repair and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fractures. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fragments. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • frank starling. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • frank starling mechanism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • frank starling mechanism and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • frc. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • free   adj. not literal;  unconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion; able to act at will; not hampered; not under compulsion or restraint; not held in servitude;  not occupied or in use;  not fixed in position; not taken up by scheduled activities;  costing nothing;  adv. without restraint;  noun people who are free;  verb free or remove obstruction from;  grant freedom to; free from confinement;  free from obligations or duties;  make (information) available publication;  make (assets) available;  let off the hook;  remove or force out from a position;  part with a possession or right;  relieve from;  grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to
  • free energy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • free fatty acids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • free fluid in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • free nerve endings. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • free radicals. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • free water. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • free water clearance. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • frequencies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • frequencies of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • frequencies of waves in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • frequency   noun the number of observations in a given statistical category;  the ratio of the number of observations in a statistical category to the total number of observations;  the number of occurrences within a given time period
  • frequency of sound and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • frequency principle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • frequency summation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from alveoli to capillaries. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from amino acid deamination. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from amino acids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from anaerobic glycolysis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from baroreceptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from capillaries to cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from capillaries to interstitial fluid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from capillaries to tissue cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from capillaries to tissue fluid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from carbohydrate digestion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from carbohydrate excess. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from carbohydrates. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from cecum to ileum. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from cells to capillaries to alveoli. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from electrocardiogram. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from fatty acid beta oxidation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from fatty acid oxidation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from glycolysis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from helper t cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from hemoglobin degradation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from mast cells and basophils. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from metabolism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from muscle glycogen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from nonshivering thermogenesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from pentose phosphate pathway. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from primary visual cortex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from protein digestion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from proteins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from purkinje system blocks. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from thyroid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from transfusion reactions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from triglyceride hydrolysis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • from visceral organs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • frostbite   noun destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene
  • fructose   noun a simple sugar found in honey and in many ripe fruits
  • fsh   noun a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary and stimulates growth of Graafian follicles in female mammals, and activates the cells in male mammals that form sperm
  • function   noun the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group;  what something is used for;  a formal or official social gathering or ceremony;  a relation such that one thing is dependent on another;  a mathematical relation such that each element of one set is associated with at least one element of another set;  a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program;  a vaguely specified social event;  verb perform as expected when applied;  perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function;  serve a purpose, role, or function
  • function of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • function of heart after. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • functional   adj. designed for or capable of a particular function or use;  involving or affecting function rather than physiology;  designed for or adapted to a function or use;  fit or ready for use or service; relating to or based on function especially as opposed to structure; (of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing
  • functional anatomy and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • functional areas of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • functional aspects of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • functional characteristics of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • functional residual capacity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • functional systems of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • functional unit of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • functions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • functions carried out in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • functions energized by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • functions of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fundamental   adj. being or involving basic facts or principles;  far reaching and thoroughgoing in effect especially on the nature of something;  serving as an essential component;  noun the lowest tone of a harmonic series
  • fundamental definitions for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fusiform cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fusion   noun the act of fusing (or melting) together;  correction of an unstable part of the spine by joining two or more vertebrae; usually done surgically but sometimes done by traction or immobilization; the combining of images from the two eyes to form a single visual percept;  an occurrence that involves the production of a union;  a nuclear reaction in which nuclei combine to form more massive nuclei with the simultaneous release of energy;  the merging of adjacent sounds or syllables or words;  the state of being combined into one body
  • fusion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fusion of two images and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • fvc. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • g   noun the 7th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated;  (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation;  a unit of information equal to one billion (1,073,741,824) bytes or 1024 megabytes;  a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
  • g actin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • g cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • g csf. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • g protein. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • g protein activation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • g proteins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gaba   noun an amino acid that is found in the central nervous system; acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter
  • gain   noun the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating;  the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input;  the advantageous quality of being beneficial;  a quantity that is added; verb increase (one's body weight);  increase in;  obtain advantages, such as points, etc.;  earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as salary or wages;  rise in rate or price;  reach a destination, either real or abstract;  win something through one's efforts;  derive a benefit from;  obtain
  • gain of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gain of control system for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • galactose   noun a simple sugar found in lactose
  • gallbladder   noun a muscular sac attached to the liver that secretes bile and stores it until needed for digestion
  • gallbladder emptying and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • galloping   adj. that are running rapidly
  • galloping reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gallstones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gallstones and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gamma   noun the 3rd letter of the Greek alphabet;  a unit of magnetic field strength equal to one hundred thousandth of an oersted;  Portuguese navigator who led an expedition around the Cape of Good Hope in 1497; he sighted and named Natal on Christmas Day before crossing the Indian Ocean (1469 1524)
  • gamma aminobutyric. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gamma aminobutyric acid   noun an amino acid that is found in the central nervous system; acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter
  • gamma efferents and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gamma efferents in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gamma globulins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ganglia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ganglion   noun an encapsulated neural structure consisting of a collection of cell bodies or neurons
  • ganglion cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ganglion cells excited by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ganglion cells in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gangrene   noun necrotic tissue; a mortified or gangrenous part or mass;  the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply);  verb undergo necrosis
  • gap   noun a narrow opening;  a conspicuous disparity or difference as between two figures;  a difference (especially an unfortunate difference) between two opinions or two views or two situations;  an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity;  a pass between mountain peaks;  an open or empty space in or between things;  verbmake an opening or gap in
  • gap junctions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gas   noun the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscosity; relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature; the ability to diffuse readily; and the spontaneous tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container; a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely;  a pedal that controls the throttle valve;  a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal;  a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal combustion engines;  a fossil fuel in the gaseous state; used for cooking and heating homes;  verb attack with gas; subject to gas fumes;  show off
  • gas exchange. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gas gangrene   noun (pathology) a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death; can be used as a bioweapon
  • gas in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gas volume vs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric   adj. relating to or involving the stomach
  • gastric absorption of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric acid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric acid secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric atrophy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric banding surgery. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric barrier. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric bypass surgery. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric glands and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric inhibitory peptide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric muscular tone and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric pepsinogen secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric phase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric secretion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric secretions and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastric ulcer   noun a peptic ulcer of the stomach
  • gastrin   noun polypeptide hormone secreted by the mucous lining of the stomach; induces the secretion of gastric juice
  • gastrin cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrin release stimulated by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrin secretion by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastritis   noun inflammation of the lining of the stomach; nausea and loss of appetite and discomfort after eating
  • gastritis caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrocolic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrocolic reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastroenteric. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastroenteric reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastroenteric reflex and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastroesophageal   adj. of or relating to or involving the stomach and esophagus
  • gastroesophageal sphincter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastroileal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastroileal reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal   adj. of or relating to the stomach and intestines
  • gastrointestinal blood. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal hormones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal innervation by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal motility. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal motility and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal mucus and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal obstruction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal reflexes and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal regulation by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal secretion. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal secretions and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal smooth muscle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal smooth muscle and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal tract   noun tubular passage of mucous membrane and muscle extending about 8.3 meters from mouth to anus; functions in digestion and elimination
  • gastrointestinal tract and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal vasoconstriction during. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gastrointestinal vasoconstriction in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gated channels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gating. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gating of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gdp   noun measure of the United States economy adopted in 1991; the total market values of goods and services by produced by workers and capital within the United States borders during a given period (usually 1 year)
  • gel   noun a colloid in a more solid form than a sol;  a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects;  verb become a gel;  apply a styling gel to
  • gelatinosa. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gene   noun (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity
  • gene expression   noun conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into messenger RNA and then to a protein
  • gene transcription. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gene transcription and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • general   adj. prevailing among and common to the general public; not specialized or limited to one class of things;  applying to all or most members of a category or group;  of national scope;  affecting the entire body;  somewhat indefinite;  of worldwide scope or applicability;  noun a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular); a general officer of the highest rank;  the head of a religious order or congregation;  verb command as a general
  • general causes of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • general classes of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • general design of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • general growth promoting effect of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • generalized   adj. spread throughout a body or system;  not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
  • generation   noun the act of producing offspring or multiplying by such production;  the production of heat or electricity;  group of genetically related organisms constituting a single step in the line of descent;  the normal time between successive generations;  a stage of technological development or innovation;  a coming into being;  all the people living at the same time or of approximately the same age
  • generation in axon. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • genesis   noun the first book of the Old Testament: tells of creation; Adam and Eve; the Fall of Man; Cain and Abel; Noah and the flood; God's covenant with Abraham; Abraham and Isaac; Jacob and Esau; Joseph and his brothers;  a coming into being
  • genesis of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • genetic   adj. of or relating to the science of genetics;  pertaining to or referring to origin;  tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity;  of or relating to or produced by or being a gene
  • genetic causes of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • genetic code   noun the ordering of nucleotides in DNA molecules that carries the genetic information in living cells
  • genetic deficiency of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • genetic disorders affecting. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • genetic factors in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • genetic machinery and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • genetic mechanisms of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • genetic regulation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • geniculate   adj. bent at a sharp angle
  • geniculocalcarine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • geniculocalcarine tract. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • germ   noun a small apparently simple structure (as a fertilized egg) from which new tissue can develop into a complete organism;  a minute life form (especially a disease causing bacterium); the term is not in technical use;  anything that provides inspiration for later work
  • germ cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • germinal   adj. containing seeds of later development;  noun seventh month of the Revolutionary calendar (March and April); the month of buds
  • germinal epithelium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gfr. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gh. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ghrelin   noun a hormone produced by stomach cells
  • ghrelin released by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ghrh. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • giant   adj. of great mass; huge and bulky;  noun any creature of exceptional size;  an unusually large enterprise;  an imaginary figure of superhuman size and strength; appears in folklore and fair tales; someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful;  a very large person; impressive in size or qualities;  a very bright star of large diameter and low density (relative to the Sun);  a person of exceptional importance and reputation
  • giant pyramidal cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gigantism   noun excessive largeness of stature;  excessive size; usually caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • gigantism with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gigantocellular. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gigantocellular neurons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gip   verb deprive of by deceit
  • gitelman. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gland   noun any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
  • glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glands and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glands in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glands providing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glandular   adj. relating to or affecting or functioning as a gland
  • glandular secretions and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glans   noun a small rounded structure; especially that at the end of the penis or clitoris
  • glans penis   noun the conical mass of erectile tissue that forms the head of the penis
  • glaucoma   noun increased pressure in the eyeball due to obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor; damages the optic disc and impairs vision (sometimes progressing to blindness)
  • glial   adj. of or relating to neuroglia
  • glial feet. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • global   adj. involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope;  having the shape of a sphere or ball
  • global aphasia   noun loss of all ability to communicate
  • globin   noun a colorless protein obtained by removing heme from hemoglobin; the oxygen carrying compound in red blood cells
  • globules. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • globulin   noun a family of proteins found in blood and milk and muscle and in plant seed
  • globulins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • globus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • globus pallidus   noun the inner pale yellow part of the lenticular nucleus
  • glomerular   adj. of or relating to glomeruli
  • glomerular capillaries. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerular filtrate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerular filtration. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerular filtration of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerular filtration rate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerular filtration rate and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerular filtration rate in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerulonephritis   noun nephritis marked by inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney; characterized by decreased production of urine and by the presence of blood and protein in the urine and by edema
  • glomerulonephritis leading to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerulonephritis secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerulosa. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerulosclerosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerulotubular. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerulotubular balance. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerulotubular balance and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomerulotubular balance of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glomus cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glossopharyngeal   adj. pertaining to the tongue and throat
  • glossopharyngeal nerve   noun sensory nerve to the pharynx and back of the tongue; motor fibers innervate muscles that elevate the pharynx and larynx; includes parasympathetic fibers to the otic ganglion
  • glossopharyngeal neuralgia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucagon and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucagon like. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucagon like peptide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucagon secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucocorticoids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucocorticoids and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucokinase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gluconate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gluconeogenesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gluconeogenesis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gluconeogenesis in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose   noun a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • glucose and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose availability and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose buffer function of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose conversion to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose dependent. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose dependent insulinotropic peptide. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose diffusion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose for fetus and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose metabolism and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose phosphatase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose storage as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose synthesis from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose tolerance test   noun test of the body's ability to metabolize carbohydrates; used in the diagnosis of hypoglycemia and diabetes mellitus
  • glucose transport into cells and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucose transporters. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucostatic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucostatic theory of hunger and feeding. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucuronic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glucuronic acid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glutamate   noun a salt or ester of glutamic acid
  • glutamic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glutamic acid   noun an amino acid occurring in proteins; important in the nitrogen metabolism of plants; used in monosodium glutamate to enhance the flavor of meats
  • glutamine   noun a crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins; important in protein metabolism
  • gluten   noun a protein substance that remains when starch is removed from cereal grains; gives cohesiveness to dough
  • gluten and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gluten enteropathy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gluten enteropathy and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycerol   noun a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • glycerol esters. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycerol used in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycerophosphate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycine   noun genus of Asiatic erect or sprawling herbs: soya bean; the simplest amino acid found in proteins and the principal amino acid in sugar cane
  • glycinuria. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycocalyx. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycogen   noun one form in which body fuel is stored; stored primarily in the liver and broken down into glucose when needed by the body
  • glycogen in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycogen lactic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycogen lactic acid system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycogen lactic acid system and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycogen synthesis from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycogenesis   noun the conversion of glucose to glycogen when the glucose in the blood exceeds the demand;  the formation in animals of glycogen from glucose
  • glycogenolysis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycolipids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycolysis   noun a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and release energy for the body in the form of ATP
  • glycolysis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycoproteins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • glycosuria   noun the presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine
  • gm csf. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gmp. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gnrh. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • goblet   noun a drinking glass with a base and stem;  a bowl shaped drinking vessel; especially the Eucharistic cup
  • goblet cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • goiter   noun abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
  • goitrogenic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • goitrogenic substances. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • goldblatt. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • goldblatt hypertension. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • goldblatt types of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • goldman   noun United States anarchist (born in Russia) who opposed conscription; was deported to the Soviet Union in 1919 (1869 1940)
  • goldman equation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • goldman hodgkin katz. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • goldman hodgkin katz equation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • golgi   noun Italian histologist noted for work on the structure of the nervous system and for his discovery of Golgi bodies (1844 1926)
  • golgi apparatus   noun a netlike structure in the cytoplasm of animal cells (especially in those cells that produce secretions)
  • golgi apparatus and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • golgi tendon organ and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • golgi tendon organs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gonadotropes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gonadotropic   adj. of or relating to or involving gonadotropin
  • gonadotropic hormone levels at. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gonadotropic hormones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gonadotropic hormones and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gonadotropin inhibition and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gonadotropin inhibition by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gonadotropin releasing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gonadotropin releasing hormone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gonadotropin releasing hormone and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gonads. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gradient   noun the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the horizontal;  a graded change in the magnitude of some physical quantity or dimension
  • gradient time. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gradient time transport. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gradients. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • graft   noun the act of grafting something onto something else; (surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient; in some cases the patient can be both donor and recipient;  the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage;  verb cause to grow together parts from different plants; place the organ of a donor into the body of a recipient
  • grand   adj. the most important and magnificent in adornment;  large and impressive in physical size or extent;  used of a person's appearance or behavior; befitting an eminent person;  of behavior that is impressive and ambitious in scale or scope;  of high moral or intellectual value; elevated in nature or style;  of or befitting a lord; extraordinarily good; used especially as intensifiers;  rich and superior in quality;  noun a piano with the strings on a horizontal harp shaped frame; usually supported by three legs
  • grand mal attack and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • grand mal epilepsy   noun epilepsy in which the attack involves loss of consciousness and tonic spasms of the musculature followed by generalized jerking
  • granular   adj. having a granular structure like that of chondrites; composed of or covered with particles resembling meal in texture or consistency
  • granular cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granular endoplasmic reticulum. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granular neurons in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granule   noun a tiny grain
  • granule cell layer. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granule cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granule cells in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granules. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granulocyte   noun a leukocyte that has granules in its cytoplasm
  • granulocyte colony stimulating factor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granulocyte monocyte. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granulocyte monocyte colony stimulating. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granulocyte monocyte colonystimulating factor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granulocytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granulosa. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granulosa cell tumor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • granulosa cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • graphical   adj. written or drawn or engraved;  relating to or presented by a graph
  • graphical analysis of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • graves   noun English writer known for his interest in mythology and in the classics (1895 1985)
  • graves disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gravis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gravitational   adj. of or relating to or caused by gravitation
  • gravitational effect on. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gravitational pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gravity   noun a solemn and dignified feeling;  (physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the universe; especially the attraction of the earth's mass for bodies near its surface;  a manner that is serious and solemn
  • gravity and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gray   adj. of an achromatic color of any lightness intermediate between the extremes of white and black;  darkened with overcast; intermediate in character or position;  used to signify the Confederate forces in the American Civil War (who wore grey uniforms);  showing characteristics of age, especially having grey or white hair;  noun a neutral achromatic color midway between white and black;  United States botanist who specialized in North American flora and who was an early supporter of Darwin's theories of evolution (1810 1888);  American navigator who twice circumnavigated the globe and who discovered the Columbia River (1755 1806);  English poet best known for his elegy written in a country churchyard (1716 1771); horse of a light gray or whitish color;  clothing that is a grey color; any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are grey;  verbturn grey;  make grey
  • gray ramus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • greater   adj. greater in size or importance or degree
  • greater circulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • grossly   adv. in a gross manner
  • grossly inhibitory. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ground   noun (art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting;  a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage);  a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused;  a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle);  the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface;  the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground;  a rational motive for a belief or action;  the solid part of the earth's surface;  material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use);  a relation that provides the foundation for something;  the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface;  verb instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject;  connect to a ground;  hit onto the ground;  hit a groundball;  throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage; place or put on the ground;  confine or restrict to the ground;  hit or reach the ground;  bring to the ground;  use as a basis for; found on; fix firmly and stably;  cover with a primer; apply a primer to
  • ground substance   noun the clear nongranular portion of the cytoplasm of a cell;  the body substance in which tissue cells are embedded
  • ground substance in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • group   noun any number of entities (members) considered as a unit;  a set that is closed, associative, has an identity element and every element has an inverse;  (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule;  verbarrange into a group or groups;  form a group or group together
  • growth   noun vegetation that has grown;  something grown or growing;  (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level; a progression from simpler to more complex forms;  (pathology) an abnormal proliferation of tissue (as in a tumor);  the gradual beginning or coming forth;  a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous or more important
  • growth and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • growth and development of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • growth factors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • growth hormone   noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland; promotes growth in humans
  • growth hormone and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • growth hormone in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • growth hormone secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • growth hormone secretion in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • growth inducers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • growth mechanisms of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • growth of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • growth promoting. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gtp. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gtp binding. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gtp binding proteins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • guanine   noun a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
  • guanosine   noun a nucleoside component of DNA; composed of guanine and deoxyribose
  • guanosine diphosphate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • guanosine monophosphate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • guanosine triphosphate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • guanylyl. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • guanylyl cyclase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gut   noun a narrow channel or strait;  a strong cord made from the intestines of sheep and used in surgery;  the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus;  verb remove the guts of; empty completely; destroy the inside of
  • gut activity and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • gynecomastia   noun excessive development of the breasts in males; usually the result of hormonal imbalance or treatment with certain drugs (including some antihypertensives)
  • gyrus   noun a convex fold or elevation in the surface of the brain
  • h   noun the 8th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity equal to the internal energy of a system plus the product of its volume and pressure;  the constant of proportionality relating the energy of a photon to its frequency; approximately 6.626 x 10^ 34 joule second;  a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second;  a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • h band. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • habituation   noun a general accommodation to unchanging environmental conditions;  being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • hagfish   noun eellike cyclostome having a tongue with horny teeth in a round mouth surrounded by eight tentacles; feeds on dead or trapped fishes by boring into their bodies
  • hair   noun a filamentous projection or process on an organism;  any of the cylindrical filaments characteristically growing from the epidermis of a mammal;  a covering for the body (or parts of it) consisting of a dense growth of threadlike structures (as on the human head); helps to prevent heat loss;  filamentous hairlike growth on a plant;  cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments;  a very small distance or space
  • hair cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hair cells and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hair cells of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hair end organ. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hairs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • haldane   noun Scottish statesman and brother of Elizabeth and John Haldane (1856 1928);  Scottish writer and sister of Richard Haldane and John Haldane (1862 1937);  Scottish physiologist and brother of Richard Haldane and Elizabeth Haldane; noted for research into industrial diseases (1860 1936);  Scottish geneticist (son of John Haldane) who contributed to the development of population genetics; a popularizer of science and a Marxist (1892 1964)
  • haldane effect. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • half life   noun the time required for something to fall to half its initial value (in particular, the time for half the atoms in a radioactive substance to disintegrate)
  • hallucinations. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hand   noun physical assistance;  terminal part of the forelimb in certain vertebrates (e.g. apes or kangaroos);  a rotating pointer on the face of a timepiece;  the (prehensile) extremity of the superior limb;  ability;  one of two sides of an issue;  a round of applause to signify approval;  the cards held in a card game by a given player at any given time;  a position given by its location to the side of an object;  a member of the crew of a ship;  a unit of length equal to 4 inches; used in measuring horses;  something written by hand;  a card player in a game of bridge;  a hired laborer on a farm or ranch; verb guide or conduct or usher somewhere;  place into the hands or custody of
  • hand skills. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hand skills and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hashimoto. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hashimoto disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • haustrations. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • haversian. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • haversian canal   noun any of the many tiny canals that contain blood vessels and connective tissue and that form a network in bone
  • hay   noun grass mowed and cured for use as fodder;  verb convert (plant material) into hay
  • hay fever   noun a seasonal rhinitis resulting from an allergic reaction to pollen
  • hay fever and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hdls. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • head   noun a single domestic animal;  a projection out from one end;  (nautical) a toilet on board a boat or ship;  the striking part of a tool;  (usually plural) the obverse side of a coin that usually bears the representation of a person's head;  that part of a skeletal muscle that is away from the bone that it moves;  the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains;  the rounded end of a bone that bits into a rounded cavity in another bone to form a joint;  (grammar) the word in a grammatical constituent that plays the same grammatical role as the whole constituent;  the front of a military formation or procession;  the top of something;  the foam or froth that accumulates at the top when you pour an effervescent liquid into a container;  a rounded compact mass;  a user of (usually soft) drugs;  a person who is in charge;  an individual person;  the pressure exerted by a fluid;  the length or height based on the size of a human or animal head;  the tip of an abscess (where the pus accumulates);  oral stimulation of the genitals;  a membrane that is stretched taut over a drum;  (computer science) a tiny electromagnetic coil and metal pole used to write and read magnetic patterns on a disk;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about;  the subject matter at issue;  a V shaped mark at one end of an arrow pointer; forward movement;  a difficult juncture;  the source of water from which a stream arises;  the part in the front or nearest the viewer;  a natural elevation (especially a rocky one that juts out into the sea); the educator who has executive authority for a school;  a dense clusters of flowers or foliage;  verb remove the head of;  to go or travel towards;  be in charge of;  form a head or come or grow to a head;  be in the front of or on top of;  be the first or leading member of (a group) and excel;  take its rise;  direct the course; determine the direction of travelling;  travel in front of; go in advance of others
  • head down. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • head down position. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • head orientation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • head rotation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • head rotation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • headache   noun pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs;  something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness
  • headache as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • headache associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • headache caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • headache of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hearing   adj. able to perceive sound;  noun (law) a proceeding (usually by a court) where evidence is taken for the purpose of determining an issue of fact and reaching a decision based on that evidence;  the ability to hear; the auditory faculty;  a session (of a committee or grand jury) in which witnesses are called and testimony is taken;  an opportunity to state your case and be heard; the act of hearing attentively;  the range within which a voice can be heard
  • hearing and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heart   noun a playing card in the major suit that has one or more red hearts on it;  an inclination or tendency of a certain kind;  the courage to carry on;  the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body;  the locus of feelings and intuitions;  a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal);  a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on playing cards and valentines;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  a positive feeling of liking;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region
  • heart failure   noun inability of the heart to pump enough blood to sustain normal bodily functions
  • heart function and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heart lung. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heart lung machines. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heart rate   noun the rate at which the heart beats; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • heart rate and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heart rate increase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heart sound. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heart sounds. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat   noun the trait of being intensely emotional;  the sensation caused by heat energy;  a preliminary race in which the winner advances to a more important race;  a form of energy that is transferred by a difference in temperature;  utility to warm a building; the presence of heat;  applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or period of heightened sexual arousal and activity;  verb make hot or hotter;  gain heat or get hot;  provide with heat;  arouse or excite feelings and passions
  • heat as end product of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat conduction and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat conduction to skin and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat dissipated in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat generation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat loss. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat loss and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat loss by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat loss caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat loss through. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat production. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat production and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat sensitive. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heat sensitive neurons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heatstroke   noun collapse caused by exposure to excessive heat
  • heatstroke with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • helicobacter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • helicobacter pylori. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • helicotrema. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • helium   noun a very light colorless element that is one of the six inert gasses; the most difficult gas to liquefy; occurs in economically extractable amounts in certain natural gases (as those found in Texas and Kansas)
  • helium dilution method. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • helper   noun a person who helps people or institutions (especially with financial help);  a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose
  • helper t cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • helper t cells and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • helper t cells in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hematocrit   noun a measuring instrument to determine (usually by centrifugation) the relative amounts of corpuscles and plasma in the blood;  the ratio of the volume occupied by packed red blood cells to the volume of the whole blood as measured by a hematocrit
  • hematocrit and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hematocrit in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hematopoietic   adj. pertaining to the formation of blood or blood cells
  • hematopoietic stem cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heme   noun a complex red organic pigment containing iron and other atoms to which oxygen binds
  • hemianopsia   noun blindness in one half of the visual field of one or both eyes
  • hemiballismus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemisphere   noun either half of the cerebrum;  half of the terrestrial globe;  half of a sphere
  • hemispheres. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemispheric   adj. of or relating to the cerebral hemispheres
  • hemispheric dominance and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemoglobin as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemoglobin buffering and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemoglobin buffering of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemoglobin combination with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemoglobin concentration in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemoglobin in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemoglobin incorporated by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemoglobin of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemoglobin s. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemoglobin structure in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemoglobin synthesis in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemoglobin uptake by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemolysins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemolysis   noun lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
  • hemolytic   adj. relating to or involving or causing hemolysis
  • hemolytic anemia   noun anemia resulting from destruction of erythrocytes
  • hemolytic jaundice. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemophilia   noun congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding; usually affects males and is transmitted from mother to son
  • hemorrhage   noun flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels; verb lose blood from one's body
  • hemorrhage and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemorrhagic   adj. of or relating to a hemorrhage
  • hemorrhagic shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hemosiderin   noun a granular brown substance composed of ferric oxide; left from the breakdown of hemoglobin; can be a sign of disturbed iron metabolism
  • hemostasis   noun surgical procedure of stopping the flow of blood (as with a hemostat)
  • henderson hasselbalch. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • henderson hasselbalch equation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • henle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • henry   noun United States physicist who studied electromagnetic phenomena (1791 1878);  a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736 1799);  English chemist who studied the quantities of gas absorbed by water at different temperatures and under different pressures (1775 1836);  a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second
  • heparin   noun a polysaccharide produced in basophils (especially in the lung and liver) and that inhibits the activity of thrombin in coagulation of the blood; it (trade names Lipo Hepin and Liquaemin) is used as an anticoagulant in the treatment of thrombosis and in heart surgery
  • heparin and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • heparin produced by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hepatic   adj. pertaining to or affecting the liver;  noun any of numerous small green nonvascular plants of the class Hepaticopsida growing in wet places and resembling green seaweeds or leafy mosses
  • hepatic arterioles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hepatic artery   noun arteries that supply the liver
  • hepatic buffering of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hepatic coma   noun coma that can occur in severe cases of liver disease
  • hepatic coma and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hepatic degradation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hepatic requirement for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hepatic synthesis of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hepatic vein   noun a vein that drains the liver; empties into the vena cava
  • hepatitis   noun inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
  • hepatocyte. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hepatocyte growth factor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hepatocytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hereditary   adj. inherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent;  tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
  • hereditary spherocytosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hering. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hering breuer. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hering breuer inflation reflex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hexagonal reference system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hexokinase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hicks. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high   adj. happy and excited and energetic;  slightly and pleasantly intoxicated from alcohol or a drug (especially marijuana);  (literal meaning) being at or having a relatively great or specific elevation or upward extension (sometimes used in combinations like `knee high');  greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount;  used of sounds and voices; high in pitch or frequency;  (used of the smell of meat) smelling spoiled or tainted;  standing above others in quality or position;  adv. at a great altitude;  far up toward the source;  in or to a high position, amount, or degree;  in a rich manner;  noun a lofty level or position or degree;  a high place;  a state of altered consciousness induced by alcohol or narcotics;  a state of sustained elation;  an air mass of higher than normal pressure;  a forward gear with a gear ratio that gives the greatest vehicle velocity for a given engine speed;  a public secondary school usually including grades 9 through 12
  • high altitude   adj. occurring at or from a relative high altitude
  • high altitude and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high density. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high density lipoproteins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high energy   adj. providing a relatively large amount of energy upon undergoing a chemical reaction;  of or relating to elementary particles having energies of hundreds of thousands of electron volts; vigorously energetic or forceful
  • high energy bonds of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high energy phosphate compounds. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high fat. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high fat diet. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high fidelity   adj. characterized by minimal distortion in sound reproduction
  • high iodide concentration and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high levels of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high molecular weight. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high output. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high partial pressures in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high partial pressures of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • high voltage   adj. operating on or powered by a high voltage; vigorously energetic or forceful
  • high voltage in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • higher   adj. of education beyond the secondary level;  advanced in complexity or elaboration
  • higher brain centers and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hindbrain   noun the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
  • hippocampal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hippocampal activation by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hippocampal seizures with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hippocampus and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hippocampus in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hirschsprung   noun Danish pediatrician (1830 1916)
  • hirschsprung disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • his. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • his bundle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • histamine   noun amine formed from histidine that stimulates gastric secretions and dilates blood vessels; released by the human immune system during allergic reactions
  • histamine as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • histamine induced. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • histiocytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • histocompatibility   noun condition in which the cells of one tissue can survive in the presence of cells of another tissue
  • histologic   adj. of or relating to histology
  • histologic structure of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • histology   noun the branch of biology that studies the microscopic structure of animal or plant tissues
  • histology of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • histones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hives   noun an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well defined red margins; usually the result of an allergic response to insect bites or food or drugs
  • hla. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hmg coa. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hmg coa reductase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hn   noun a colorless explosive liquid that is volatile and poisonous and foul smelling
  • hoff. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • holistic   adj. emphasizing the organic or functional relation between parts and the whole
  • holistic theory of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • homeostasis   noun (physiology) metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex biological mechanisms that operate via the autonomic nervous system to offset disrupting changes
  • homeostatic   adj. related to or characterized by homeostasis
  • homeostatic function of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • homeostatic functions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • homeostatic functions of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • homonymous   adj. of or related to or being homonyms
  • homonymous hemianopsia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • horizontal cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormonal   adj. of or relating to or caused by hormones
  • hormonal action and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormonal activity and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormonal control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormonal effects on. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormonal functions and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormonal regulation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormonally. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormonally induced. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormone   noun the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • hormone action and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormone and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormone deficiencies of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormone gated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormone gated receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormone receptors and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormone receptors linked to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormone response element. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormone secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormone sensitive. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormone sensitive lipase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormone transport by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormones and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormones derived from. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormones of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormones secreted by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hormones secreted in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • horn   noun one of the bony outgrowths on the heads of certain ungulates;  any hard protuberance from the head of an organism that is similar to or suggestive of a horn;  an alarm device that makes a loud warning sound;  a high pommel of a Western saddle (usually metal covered with leather);  a noisemaker (as at parties or games) that makes a loud noise when you blow through it;  a noise made by the driver of an automobile to give warning;  the material (mostly keratin) that covers the horns of ungulates and forms hooves and claws and nails;  a device on an automobile for making a warning noise;  a brass musical instrument with a brilliant tone; has a narrow tube and a flared bell and is played by means of valves;  a brass musical instrument consisting of a conical tube that is coiled into a spiral and played by means of valves;  verb stab or pierce with a horn or tusk
  • horner. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • human   adj. having human form or attributes as opposed to those of animals or divine beings;  characteristic of humanity;  relating to a person;  noun any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
  • human chorionic gonadotropin   noun hormone produced early in pregnancy by the placenta; detection in the urine and serum is the basis for one kind of pregnancy test
  • human chorionic gonadotropin and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • human chorionic gonadotropin secreted by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • human chorionic somatomammotropin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • human chorionic thyrotropin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • human leukocyte antigen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • human placental lactogen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • humidification. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • humidification in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • humidification of air. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • humor   noun the trait of appreciating (and being able to express) the humorous;  the quality of being funny;  (Middle Ages) one of the four fluids in the body whose balance was believed to determine your emotional and physical state;  the liquid parts of the body;  a message whose ingenuity or verbal skill or incongruity has the power to evoke laughter;  a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling;  verb put into a good mood
  • humoral   adj. of or relating to bodily fluids
  • humoral immunity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hunger   noun strong desire for something (not food or drink);  a physiological need for food; the consequence of food deprivation; verb feel the need to eat;  be hungry; go without food;  have a craving, appetite, or great desire for
  • hunger and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hunger and satiety centers of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hunger contractions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hunger pangs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • huntington   noun a city of western West Virginia on the Ohio river at the mouth of the Kanawha;  United States railroad executive who built the western section of the first United States transcontinental railroad (1821 1900);  American revolutionary leader who signed the Declaration of Independence and was president of the Continental Congress (1731 1796);  United States physician who first described Huntington's chorea
  • hyaline   adj. resembling glass in transparency or translucency; noun a glassy translucent material that occurs in hyaline cartilage or in certain skin conditions
  • hyaline membrane disease   noun an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli
  • hyaluronic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyaluronic acid   noun a viscous mucopolysaccharide found in the connective tissue space and the synovial fluid of movable joints and the humors of the eye; a cementing and protective substance
  • hyaluronidase   noun an enzyme (trade name Hyazyme) that splits hyaluronic acid and so lowers its viscosity and increases the permeability of connective tissue and the absorption of fluids
  • hydrocephalus   noun an abnormal condition in which cerebrospinal fluid collects in the ventricles of the brain; in infants it can cause abnormally rapid growth of the head and bulging fontanelles and a small face; in adults the symptoms are primarily neurological
  • hydrochloric. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrochloric acid   noun an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride; a strongly corrosive acid
  • hydrochloric acid secretion by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrocortisone   noun an adrenal cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • hydrogen   noun a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • hydrogen atoms. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogen atpase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogen bonding. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogen gas. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogen ion secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogen ion secretion by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogen ion secretion in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogen ion transport in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogen ions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogen ions and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogen peroxide   noun a viscous liquid with strong oxidizing properties; a powerful bleaching agent; also used as a disinfectant and (in strong concentrations) as an oxidant in rocket fuels
  • hydrogen potassium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogen potassium atpase pump. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogenpotassium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrogenpotassium atpase pump. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrolase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrolase enzymes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrolases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrolysis   noun a chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other compounds; involves the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion from the water
  • hydrolysis of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydronephrosis   noun accumulation of urine in the kidney because of an obstruction in the ureter
  • hydrostatic   adj. relating to fluids at rest or to the pressures they exert or transmit
  • hydrostatic and osmotic forces in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrostatic pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrostatic pressure in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydrostatic pressure zones and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydroxyapatite. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydroxyapatite in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydroxybutyric. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydroxybutyric acid   noun hydroxy derivative of butyric acid
  • hydroxyl   noun the monovalent group OH in such compounds as bases and some acids and alcohols
  • hydroxyl ions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydroxylation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydroxymethylglutaryl. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydroxymethylglutaryl coa. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hydroxyprogesterone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hygiene   noun the science concerned with the prevention of illness and maintenance of health;  a condition promoting sanitary practices
  • hyperalgesia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperalgesia and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperbaric. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperbaric oxygen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperbaric oxygen therapy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperbarism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperbilirubinemia   noun abnormally high amounts of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
  • hypercalcemia   noun the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or Paget's disease
  • hypercapnia   noun the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
  • hypercapnia and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperchloremic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypercholesterolemia   noun the presence of an abnormal amount of cholesterol in the cells and plasma of the blood; associated with the risk of atherosclerosis
  • hypereffective. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypereffective heart. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperemia   noun increased blood in an organ or other body part
  • hyperglycemia   noun abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
  • hyperinsulinemia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperinsulinism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperkalemia   noun higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood; associated with kidney failure or sometimes with the use of diuretic drugs
  • hyperkalemia and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperkalemia caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperkalemia in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperlipidemia   noun presence of excess lipids in the blood
  • hypernatremia   noun excessive amounts of sodium in the blood; possibly indicating diabetes insipidus
  • hypernatremia caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypernatremia caused by deficit of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypernatremia causing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypernatremia related. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypernatremia related changes in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperopia   noun abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects
  • hyperosmotic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperosmotic dehydration. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperosmotic medulla and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperosmotic overhydration. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperosmotic solution. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperparathyroidism   noun excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; can affect many systems of the body (especially causing bone resorption and osteoporosis)
  • hyperparathyroidism secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperplasia   noun abnormal increase in number of cells
  • hyperplasia of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperpolarization. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypersecretion   noun excessive secretion
  • hypersecretion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypersensitivity   noun extreme sensitivity;  pathological sensitivity
  • hypertension   noun a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
  • hypertension and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypertension associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypertension caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypertension in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypertension involving. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypertension leading to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperthyroidism   noun an overactive thyroid gland; pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones or the condition resulting from excessive production of thyroid hormones
  • hyperthyroidism and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperthyroidism caused. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypertonic   adj. (of a solution) having a higher osmotic pressure than a comparison solution;  (of living tissue) in a state of abnormally high tension
  • hypertonic solutions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypertrophy   noun abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ; verb undergo hypertrophy
  • hypertrophy and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypertrophy leading to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypertrophy of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyperventilation   noun an increased depth and rate of breathing greater than demanded by the body needs; can cause dizziness and tingling of the fingers and toes and chest pain if continued
  • hypo osmotic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypo osmotic dehydration. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypo osmotic overhydration. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypo osmotic solution. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypocalcemia   noun abnormally low level of calcium in the blood; associated with hypoparathyroidism or kidney malfunction or vitamin D deficiency
  • hypocalcemic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypochlorhydria. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypochromic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypochromic anemia   noun anemia characterized by a decrease in the concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin
  • hypoeffective. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypoeffective heart. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypofunction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypogastric. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypogastric plexus   noun a plexus of nerves serving the pelvic viscera
  • hypoglycemia   noun abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
  • hypoglycemic   adj. of or relating to hypoglycemia
  • hypoglycemic shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypogonadism   noun incompetence of the gonads (especially in the male with low testosterone); results in deficient development of secondary sex characteristics and (in prepubertal males) a body with long legs and a short trunk
  • hypokalemia   noun abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities; associated with adrenal tumors or starvation or taking diuretics
  • hypokalemia in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyponatremia   noun abnormally low level of sodium in the blood; associated with dehydration
  • hyponatremia caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyponatremia caused by excess of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyponatremia in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyponatremia related. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyponatremia related changes in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hyponatremia with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypoparathyroidism   noun inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
  • hypophosphatemia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypoproteinemic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypotension   noun abnormally low blood pressure
  • hypothalamic   adj. of or relating to the hypothalamus
  • hypothalamic control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic feeding center and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic hypophysial. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic hypophysial portal vessels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic influence on. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic inhibition of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic inhibitory hormones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic pituitary. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic pituitary axis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic pituitary hormones and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic preoptic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic regulation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic releasing hormones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic set point and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamic stimulation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothalamus and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothermia   noun subnormal body temperature
  • hypothyroidism   noun an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
  • hypothyroidism and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypothyroidism with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypotonia   noun (of muscular tissue) the state of being hypotonic
  • hypotonic   adj. (of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a comparison solution;  (of living tissue) lacking normal tone or tension
  • hypotonic solutions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypoventilation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypovolemic   adj. of or relating to a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
  • hypovolemic shock   noun shock caused by severe blood or fluid loss
  • hypovolemic shock and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypovolemic shock in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypovolemic shock in loss of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypoxia and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypoxia associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypoxia caused by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypoxia caused by defects in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypoxia in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • hypoxia secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • i   noun the 9th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
  • i bands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • i cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • identical   adj. (of twins) derived from a single egg or ovum; coinciding exactly when superimposed;  having properties with uniform values along all axes;  exactly alike; incapable of being perceived as different;  being the exact same one; not any other:
  • identical in rods and cones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • idiopathic goiter and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • idiopathic nontoxic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • idls. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ig   noun a class of proteins produced in lymph tissue in vertebrates and that function as antibodies in the immune response
  • ige   noun one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; present primarily in the skin and mucous membranes
  • igg   noun one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; the main antibody defense against bacteria
  • iggo. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • iggo dome receptor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • igm   noun one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; involved in fighting blood infections and in triggering production of immunoglobulin G
  • ii. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • iii. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • il   noun a Midwest state in north central United States
  • ileal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ileal peristalsis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ileocecal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ileocecal sphincter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ileocecal sphincter and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ileocecal valve   noun valve between the ileum of the small intestine and the cecum of the large intestine; prevents material from flowing back from the large to the small intestine
  • ileum   noun the part of the small intestine between the jejunum and the cecum
  • illness   noun impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
  • image   noun the general impression that something (a person or organization or product) presents to the public;  an iconic mental representation;  a representation of a person (especially in the form of sculpture);  a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or abstraction) produced on a surface;  (Jungian psychology) a personal facade that one presents to the world;  a standard or typical example;  language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense; someone who closely resembles a famous person (especially an actor);  verb imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind
  • image formation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • image formation by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • imagery   noun the ability to form mental images of things or events
  • images. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • imipramine   noun a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Imavate and Tofranil) used to treat clinical depression
  • immune   adj. (usually followed by `to') not affected by a given influence;  relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection); secure against;  relating to the condition of immunity;  noun a person who is immune to a particular infection
  • immune system   noun a system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid tissues) that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response
  • immunity   noun the quality of being unaffected by something; (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease;  an act exempting someone;  the state of not being susceptible
  • immunity in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • immunization   noun the act of making immune (especially by inoculation)
  • immunodeficiency   noun immunological disorder in which some part of the body's immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced
  • immunoglobulin   noun a class of proteins produced in lymph tissue in vertebrates and that function as antibodies in the immune response
  • immunoglobulin e   noun one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; present primarily in the skin and mucous membranes
  • immunoglobulin g   noun one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; the main antibody defense against bacteria
  • immunoglobulin m   noun one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; involved in fighting blood infections and in triggering production of immunoglobulin G
  • immunoglobulins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • immunoglobulins as. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • immunosorbent. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • immunosuppression   noun lowering the body's normal immune response to invasion by foreign substances; can be deliberate (as in lowering the immune response to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ) or incidental (as a side effect of radiotherapy or chemotherapy for cancer)
  • impaired   adj. diminished in strength, quality, or utility;  mentally or physically unfit
  • impaired absorption of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • impaired formation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • impaired in renal failure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • impaired renal fluid excretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • impedance   noun a material's opposition to the flow of electric current; measured in ohms
  • impedance matching. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • impermeable   adj. preventing especially liquids to pass or diffuse through
  • impermeant. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • impermeant solutes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • implantation   noun a surgical procedure that places something in the human body;  the act of planting or setting in the ground; (embryology) the organic process whereby a fertilized egg becomes implanted in the lining of the uterus of placental mammals
  • implantation in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • implanted   adj. (used especially of ideas or principles) deeply rooted; firmly fixed or held
  • importance   noun the quality of being important and worthy of note;  a prominent status
  • importance of regulation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • impulses. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in   adj. currently fashionable;  directed or bound inward;  holding office;  adv. to or toward the inside of;  noun a state in midwestern United States;  a unit of length equal to one twelfth of a foot;  a rare soft silvery metallic element; occurs in small quantities in sphalerite
  • in abnormal states. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in absence of carbohydrates. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in acetylcholine synthesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in acidosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in acromegaly. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in acrosome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in action potential. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in active transport. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in acute mountain sickness. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in acute stage. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in adipose tissue. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in adrenal cortex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in adult. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in airways. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in aldosterone deficiency. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in aldosterone excess. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in aldosteronism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in alkalosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in allergic reactions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in alveoli. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in alzheimer. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in ameboid movement. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in amino acid synthesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in analogy to camera. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in anaphylaxis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in anemia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in angina pectoris. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in aortic coarctation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in aortic pressure curve. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in aortic stenosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in arterial pressure control. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in artificial kidney. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in asthma. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in athlete. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in athletes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in atria. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in atrial fibrillation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in atrial flutter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in atrioventricular block. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in auditory system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in aviation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in basal ganglia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in bicarbonate buffer system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in bile. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in blood. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in blood cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in blood typing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in blood volume. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in blood volume calculation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in body fluids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in bone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in brain. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in bronchial tree. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in bundle branch block. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cachexia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in capillaries. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in capillary endothelium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in carbohydrate metabolism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cardiac. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cardiac failure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cardiac muscle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cardiac surgery. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cardiogenic shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cell. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cell membrane. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cell membrane support. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cellular. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cellular metabolism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in central nervous system disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in central retina. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in central sleep apnea. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cephalin synthesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cerebellum. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cerebral blood flow regulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cerebrospinal fluid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in childhood. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in chronic renal failure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in chylomicron remnants. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in chylomicrons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in circulatory control. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in circulatory shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cirrhosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in citric acid cycle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in clot. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cns ischemic response. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in collecting tubule. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in colon. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in congenital heart disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in contraceptive drugs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in coronary artery disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in coronary vessels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cretinism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in crypts of lieberk. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cushing syndrome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in cyanosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in deamination. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in decompensated cardiac failure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in decompression sickness. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in deep diving. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in deep sea diving. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in defense against infection. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in dehydration. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in diabetes mellitus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in different parts of circulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in different parts of nephron. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in different tissues and organs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in dissolved state. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in distal tubule. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in dna. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in dna replication. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in electrical alternans. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in emphysema. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in end stage renal disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in endoplasmic reticulum. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in enteric nervous system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in exercise or shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in expiration. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in extracellular. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in extracellular fluid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in extracellular fluid and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in extracellular fluid and plasma. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in factor deficiencies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in fallopian tube. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in fast fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in fast vs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in fat digestion and absorption. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in fatty acid oxidation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in fatty acid synthesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in feces. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in female. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in fetal development. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in fetal life. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in fetal metabolism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in fetus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in focal epilepsy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in folic acid deficiency. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in foods. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in gas mixture. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in gastrointestinal mucus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in gastrointestinal secretions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in gastrointestinal smooth muscle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in gastrointestinal tract. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in glucose reabsorption. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in golgi apparatus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in gut wall. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in heart. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in heart failure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in high output failure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in hormone action. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in hormone systems. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in human body. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in huntington. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in hyperparathyroidism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in hyperthyroidism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in hypoglycemia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in hyponatremia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in hypoparathyroidism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in hypophosphatemia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in hypothalamus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in hypothyroidism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in hypovolemic shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in infancy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in infant. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in infection. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in inflammation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in inflammatory response. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in integrated control system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in integrated motor control. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in integrated pressure response. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in integrated response. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in interdigestive period. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in interstitial fluid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in interstitium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in intestinal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in intestinal epithelium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in intestinal microvilli. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in intracellular edema. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in kidney. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in kidney disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in kidneys. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in labor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in large intestine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in lecithin synthesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in left sided. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in left sided heart failure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in legs and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in leukocytes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in lipoproteins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in liver. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in liver cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in local blood flow control. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in long qt syndrome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in long qt syndromes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in loop of henle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in lung. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in lungs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in luteal phase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in lymph. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in lymphocyte activation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in lysosomes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in macrophages. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in male. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in menstrual fluid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in mild ischemia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in milk. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in mineralocorticoid deficiency. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in minimal change nephropathy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in mitochondria. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in mitosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in mitral valve disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in mitral valvular disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in monocyte macrophage system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in motor control. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in motor cortex. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in motor system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in muscle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in myasthenia gravis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in myocardial ischemia or infarction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in neonate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in neonates. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in nephrosclerosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in nephrotic syndrome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in nervous control of arterial pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in neurogenic shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in neuronal pathways. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in neuronal pools. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in neurons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in nondominant hemisphere. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in nonosseous tissues. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in norepinephrine synthesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in normal vascular system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in nucleolus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in obese patients. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in older people. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in olfactory bulb. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in olfactory cilium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in ovarian follicles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in ovaries. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in ovary. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in oxidative phosphorylation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in oxygen poisoning. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in oxygen toxicity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in pancreatic secretions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in parallel circuit. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in parkinson. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in paroxysmal tachycardia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in partial intraventricular block. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in parts of circulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in pathological conditions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in periodic breathing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in peritonitis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in phagocytosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in plasma. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in plasma loss. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in platelet plug formation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in pneumonia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in polycythemia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in pores and channels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in postganglionic nerve endings. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in postmenopausal women. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in postsynaptic membrane. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in postsynaptic neuron. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in postsynaptic neuron membrane. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in postsynaptic neurons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in potential spaces. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in preeclampsia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in pregnancy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in premature infant. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in primary aldosteronism. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in protein synthesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in proteins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in proteoglycan filaments. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in purkinje fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in re establishing ionic gradients. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in red blood cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in renal disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in renal failure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in renal reabsorption. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in renal tubular reabsorption. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in respiratory passages. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in retina. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in retinal neurons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in reverberatory circuit. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in rickets. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in rna synthesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in rodents. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in ruptured vessel. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in saliva. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in salivary ducts. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in salivary glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in semen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in seminal vesicle fluid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in seminal vesicles. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in seminiferous tubules. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in sensory fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in septic shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in series and parallel circuits. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in shock. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in shocked tissue. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in sinoatrial nodal block. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in sinus arrhythmia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in sinus bradycardia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in sinus node. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in sinus tachycardia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in skeletal muscle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in skeletal muscle contraction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in skeletal muscle function. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in skin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in sleep and wakefulness. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in small intestine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in smooth muscle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in sodium reabsorption. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in spacecraft. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in spinal cord. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in spleen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in sprue. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in starvation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in stokes adams syndrome. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in stomach. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in stomach contents. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in strenuous muscle activity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in sweat. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in sweat gland secretions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in switching between carbohydrates. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in t cell activation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in taste cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in taste villus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in temperature regulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in testes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in testis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in tetralogy of fallot. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in thiamine deficiency. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in thrombocytopenia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in thyroid gland. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in thyroid hormone release. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in thyroid hormone synthesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in tissues. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in total circulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in transcription. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in transfusion reaction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in transfusion reactions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in trauma. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in tuberculosis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in unitary smooth muscle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in urea synthesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in valvular disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in valvular heart disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in vasovagal syncope. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in ventricular fibrillation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in ventricular hypertrophy. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in ventricular hypertrophy or dilatation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in ventricular paroxysmal tachycardia. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • in water. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inanition   noun exhaustion resulting from lack of food;  weakness characterized by a lack of vitality or energy
  • incisura   noun (anatomy) a notch or small hollow
  • incompetent   adj. not qualified or suited for a purpose;  not doing a good job;  not meeting requirements;  showing lack of skill or aptitude;  noun someone who is not competent to take effective action
  • incomplete   adj. not complete or total; not completed;  not yet finished
  • incomplete intraventricular block. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • incontinence   noun involuntary urination or defecation;  indiscipline with regard to sensuous pleasures
  • incorporated   adj. introduced into as a part of the whole;  organized and maintained as a legal corporation;  formed or united into a whole
  • increase   noun the act of increasing something;  the amount by which something increases;  a change resulting in an increase;  a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous or more important;  a quantity that is added;  verb make bigger or more; become bigger or greater in amount
  • increase in number of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • increased   adj. made greater in size or amount or degree
  • increased blood volume and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • increased production of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • increased voltage in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • increases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • incus   noun the ossicle between the malleus and the stapes
  • index   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • indicate   verb indicate a place, direction, person, or thing; either spatially or figuratively;  to state or express briefly;  suggest the necessity of an intervention; in medicine;  give evidence of;  be a signal for or a symptom of
  • indicator dilution. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • indicator dilution method. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • indifferent   adj. showing no care or concern in attitude or action; neither too great nor too little;  being neither good nor bad; characterized by a lack of partiality;  marked by no especial liking or dislike or preference for one thing over another;  fairly poor to not very good;  (usually followed by `to') unwilling or refusing to pay heed;  (often followed by `to') lacking importance; not mattering one way or the other;  marked by a lack of interest;  having only a limited ability to react chemically; chemically inactive
  • indifferent electrode. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • induced   adj. brought about or caused; not spontaneous
  • inducers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • infancy   noun the earliest state of immaturity;  the early stage of growth or development
  • infant   noun a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk
  • infarcted. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • infarction   noun localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
  • infarctions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • infection   noun (international law) illegality that taints or contaminates a ship or cargo rendering it liable to seizure;  moral corruption or contamination;  an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted;  (medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease;  (phonetics) the alteration of a speech sound under the influence of a neighboring sound;  the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms;  the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people
  • infection secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • infections. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inferior   adj. of or characteristic of low rank or importance;  of low or inferior quality;  having an orbit between the sun and the Earth's orbit;  lower than a given reference point;  inferior in rank or status; falling short of some prescribed norm;  written or printed below and to one side of another character;  noun one of lesser rank or station or quality;  a character or symbol set or printed or written beneath or slightly below and to the side of another character
  • inferior colliculus   noun an essential auditory center in the midbrain
  • inferior olivary nuclei. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inferior olive. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inferior salivatory nucleus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • infertility   noun the state of being unable to produce offspring; in a woman it is an inability to conceive; in a man it is an inability to impregnate
  • infertility associated with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • infertility due to failure of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • infertility secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • infinite   adj. total and all embracing;  having no limits or boundaries in time or space or extent or magnitude;  of verbs; having neither person nor number nor mood (as a participle or gerund or infinitive); too numerous to be counted;  noun the unlimited expanse in which everything is located
  • infinite feedback gain and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inflammation   noun arousal to violent emotion;  a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat;  the act of setting something on fire;  the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up
  • inflammation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inflammation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inflammatory   adj. characterized or caused by inflammation; arousing to action or rebellion
  • inflammatory cytokines. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inflammatory response to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inflation   noun the act of filling something with air;  (cosmology) a brief exponential expansion of the universe (faster than the speed of light) postulated to have occurred shortly after the big bang;  a general and progressive increase in prices;  lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and puffed up with vanity
  • influence   noun causing something without any direct or apparent effort;  a power to affect persons or events especially power based on prestige etc;  a cognitive factor that tends to have an effect on what you do;  one having power to influence another;  the effect of one thing (or person) on another;  verb have and exert influence or effect;  shape or influence; give direction to;  induce into action by using one's charm
  • influences. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • information   noun (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome;  knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction;  a message received and understood; formal accusation of a crime;  a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
  • information processing role of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • infrared   adj. having or employing wavelengths longer than light but shorter than radio waves; lying outside the visible spectrum at its red end;  noun the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum; electromagnetic wave frequencies below the visible range; electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths longer than visible light but shorter than radio waves
  • infrared radiation   noun electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths longer than visible light but shorter than radio waves
  • infusion   noun the act of infusing or introducing a certain modifying element or quality;  (medicine) the passive introduction of a substance (a fluid or drug or electrolyte) into a vein or between tissues (as by gravitational force);  the process of extracting certain active properties (as a drug from a plant) by steeping or soaking (usually in water);  a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)
  • infusion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ingestion   noun the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
  • ingestion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ingestion of food. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibin secreted by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibition   noun (psychology) the conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or desires;  the quality of being inhibited; (physiology) the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part;  the action of prohibiting or inhibiting or forbidding (or an instance thereof)
  • inhibition and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibition by intestinal factors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibition by tactile signals. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibition circuit. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibition of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitor   noun a substance that retards or stops an activity
  • inhibitors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitors of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitory   adj. restrictive of action
  • inhibitory area in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitory cells in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitory feedback in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitory hormone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitory neuronal circuits. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitory postsynaptic potential. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitory presynaptic terminals. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitory receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitory receptors of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitory state of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitory transmitter. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inhibitory zone. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • initiation   noun the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new;  a formal entry into an organization or position or office;  an act that sets in motion some course of events; wisdom as evidenced by the possession of knowledge
  • initiation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • initiation of coagulation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • injury potential. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • injury to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • innate   adj. present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development;  being talented through inherited qualities; not established by conditioning or learning
  • innate immunity   noun immunity to disease that occurs as part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • innate immunity and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • innervation   noun the distribution of nerve fibers to an organ or body region;  the neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or gland
  • innervation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inositol   noun an optically inactive alcohol that is a component of the vitamin B complex
  • inositol triphosphate. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • input   noun a component of production; something that goes into the production of output;  any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action;  signal going into an electronic system;  verb enter (data or a program) into a computer
  • input pathways to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inputs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inputs to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inr   noun an agency that is the primary source in the State Department for interpretive analyses of global developments and focal point for policy issues and activities of the Intelligence Community
  • insensible   adj. unresponsive to stimulation;  incapable of physical sensation;  unaware of or indifferent to;  barely able to be perceived
  • insensible water loss. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insensible water loss through. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insensitive to pain. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insipidus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inspiratory   adj. pertaining to the drawing in phase respiration
  • inspiratory capacity. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inspiratory compliance curve. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inspiratory reserve volume. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • instability and stability of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • instantaneous   adj. occurring with no delay
  • instantaneous mean vector in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulator system of body and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin action on. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin and metabolism of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin lack and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin like. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin like growth factors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin receptor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin receptor and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin receptor substrates. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin resistance. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin secretion stimulated by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulin shock   noun the administration of sufficient insulin to induce convulsions and coma;  hypoglycemia produced by excessive insulin in the system causing coma
  • insulinase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulinoma. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • insulinotropic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intake   noun an opening through which fluid is admitted to a tube or container;  the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
  • intake of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • integral   adj. constituting the undiminished entirety; lacking nothing essential especially not damaged;  existing as an essential constituent or characteristic;  noun the result of a mathematical integration; F(x) is the integral of f(x) if dF/dx = f(x)
  • integral membrane proteins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • integrated control of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • integrated responses to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • integrated system for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • integrative   adj. combining and coordinating diverse elements into a whole;  tending to consolidate
  • integrative function of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • integrins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intelligence   noun the operation of gathering information about an enemy;  the ability to comprehend; to understand and profit from experience;  secret information about an enemy (or potential enemy); a unit responsible for gathering and interpreting information about an enemy;  new information about specific and timely events
  • intensities. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intensities detectable by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intensity   noun high level or degree; the property of being intense; the amount of energy transmitted (as by acoustic or electromagnetic radiation);  chromatic purity: freedom from dilution with white and hence vivid in hue;  the magnitude of sound (usually in a specified direction)
  • intention   noun an act of intending; a volition that you intend to carry out;  (usually plural) the goal with respect to a marriage proposal;  an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions
  • intention tremor. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intercalated. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intercalated cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intercalated disks. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intercellular   adj. located between cells
  • intercellular clefts of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interdigestive. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interfering   adj. intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner
  • interleukin   noun any of several lymphokines that promote macrophages and killer T cells and B cells and other components of the immune system
  • interleukins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interleukins and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intermediate   adj. lying between two extremes in time or space or degree;  around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical measures;  noun a substance formed during a chemical process before the desired product is obtained;  verb act between parties with a view to reconciling differences
  • intermediate density. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intermediate density lipoproteins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intermediate lobe of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intermediate long term. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intermediolateral. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intermediolateral horn. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intermittent   adj. stopping and starting at irregular intervals; stopping and starting at regular intervals
  • intermittent character of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • internal   adj. happening or arising or located within some limits or especially surface;  occurring within an institution or community; located inward;  inside the country;  innermost or essential
  • internal capsule. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • internal sphincter of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • international   adj. concerning or belonging to all or at least two or more nations;  from or between other countries;  noun any of several international socialist organizations
  • international normalized ratio. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interneurons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • internodal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • internodal pathways. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interphase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interphase nucleus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interplexiform. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interplexiform cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interposed. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interposed nucleus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interpretation   noun an explanation of something that is not immediately obvious;  a mental representation of the meaning or significance of something;  an explanation that results from interpreting something;  the act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic performance
  • interpretation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interruption   noun some abrupt occurrence that interrupts an ongoing activity;  an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity;  a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
  • interruption of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interstitial   adj. of or relating to interstices
  • interstitial cells of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interstitial cells of cajal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interstitial fluid   noun liquid found between the cells of the body that provides much of the liquid environment of the body
  • interstitial fluid cations and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interstitial fluid colloid osmotic pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interstitial fluid hydrostatic pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interstitial fluid pressure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interstitial fluid pressure in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interstitial fluid protein concentration. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interstitial fluid volume and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interstitial free fluid in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interstitial nephritis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interstitium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • interval   noun the distance between things;  a set containing all points (or all real numbers) between two given endpoints;  the difference in pitch between two notes;  a definite length of time marked off by two instants
  • intestinal   adj. of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • intestinal absorption and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal absorption capacity and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal absorption in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal absorption into. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal absorption of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal activity and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal bicarbonate absorption and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal mucus and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal obstruction   noun blockage of the intestine (especially the ileum) that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing to the lower bowel
  • intestinal obstruction and loss of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal paralysis secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal phase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal secretion of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal sodium absorption and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal villi and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intestinal water secretion and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • into. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • into central nervous system. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • into peritubular capillary. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • into potential spaces. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intra abdominal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intra abdominal pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intracellular   adj. located or occurring within a cell or cells
  • intracellular edema. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intracellular edema secondary to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intracellular fluid   noun liquid contained inside the cell membranes (usually containing dissolved solutes)
  • intracellular fluid and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intracellular signaling in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intracranial   adj. within the skull
  • intracranial pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intrafusal. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intrafusal muscle fibers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intramural   adj. carried on within the bounds of an institution or community
  • intramural plexus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intraocular. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intraocular pressure   noun pressure inside the eyeball; regulated by resistance to the outward flow of aqueous humor
  • intrapleural. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intrapleural pressure. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intrapleural space. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intravascular. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intravascular pressure and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intravenous solutions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intraventricular   adj. within the system of ventricles in the brain
  • intraventricular block. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intrinsic   adj. situated within or belonging solely to the organ or body part on which it acts;  belonging to a thing by its very nature
  • intrinsic clotting pathway and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intrinsic factor and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intrinsic factor secretion by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intrinsic pathway of coagulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intrinsic rhythmicity of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • intrinsic tone of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inulin   noun used to manufacture fructose and in assessing kidney function
  • inulin clearance. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inulin concentration and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • inulin space. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • involuntary   adj. not subject to the control of the will;  controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control
  • involuntary visual fixation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • involution of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • involution of uterus after. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • involving. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • iodide   noun a salt or ester of hydriodic acid
  • iodide oxidation by. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • iodide trapping. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • iodide trapping and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • iodinase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • iodine   noun a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks);  a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic
  • ion   noun a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons
  • ion channels. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ion concentration differences and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ionic   adj. containing or involving or occurring in the form of ions;  of or relating to Ionia or its inhabitants or its language;  or or pertaining to the Ionic style of architecture;  noun the dialect of Ancient Greek spoken in Ionia
  • ionizing   adj. converting totally or partly into ions
  • ionizing radiation   noun high energy radiation capable of producing ionization in substances through which it passes
  • ionophore. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ionophore component. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ions in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ions with effect of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • iris   noun diaphragm consisting of thin overlapping plates that can be adjusted to change the diameter of a central opening;  muscular diaphragm that controls the size of the pupil; it forms the colored portion of the eye;  plants with sword shaped leaves and erect stalks bearing bright colored flowers composed of three petals and three drooping sepals
  • iron   adj. extremely robust;  noun home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth;  a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head;  implement used to brand live stock;  a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood;  verbpress and smooth with a heated iron
  • iron lung   noun respirator that produces alternations in air pressure in a chamber surrounding a patient's chest to force air into and out of the lungs thus providing artificial respiration
  • iron storage in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • iron sulfide proteins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • irregular   adj. not occurring at expected times;  independent in behavior or thought;  of a surface; not level or flat;  lacking continuity or regularity;  contrary to rule or accepted order or general practice; (of solids) not having clear dimensions that can be measured; volume must be determined with the principle of liquid displacement; (used of the military) not belonging to or engaged in by regular army forces;  deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal;  noun merchandise that has imperfections; usually sold at a reduced price without the brand name;  a member of an irregular armed force that fights a stronger force by sabotage and harassment
  • irregularities. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • irreversible   adj. incapable of being reversed
  • irreversible shock and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • irritant   noun something that causes irritation and annoyance
  • irritant receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • irritant receptors in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • irritation   noun the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed;  (pathology) abnormal sensitivity to stimulation;  the act of troubling or annoying someone;  unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment;  an uncomfortable feeling of mental painfulness or distress;  a sudden outburst of anger;  the neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or gland
  • irritation of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ischemia   noun local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism
  • ischemia of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ischemic   adj. relating to or affected by ischemia
  • ischemic heart disease. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ischemic pain and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • islets. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • islets of langerhans   noun cell clusters in the pancreas that form the endocrine part of that organ; secrete insulin and other hormones
  • isograft. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isogravimetric. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isogravimetric method. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isohydric. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isohydric principle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isohydric principle and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isomaltase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isomerase   noun an enzyme that catalyzes its substrate to an isomeric form
  • isometric   adj. of or involving muscular contraction in which tension increases while length remains constant;  of a crystal system characterized by three equal axes at right angles;  having equal dimensions or measurements;  related by an isometry;  noun a line connecting isometric points
  • isometric contraction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isometric relaxation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isometric vs. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isopropyl. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isopropyl norepinephrine. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isosmotic   adj. (used of solutions) having the same or equal osmotic pressure
  • isosmotic solutions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isosthenuria. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isotonic   adj. of or involving muscular contraction in which tension is constant while length changes;  (used of solutions) having the same or equal osmotic pressure;  of two or more muscles; having equal tension;  relating to or characterized by the equal intervals of a musical scale
  • isotonic contraction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isotonic contraction of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isotonic solutions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isovolumic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isovolumic contraction. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • isovolumic relaxation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • itch   noun an irritating cutaneous sensation that produces a desire to scratch;  a strong restless desire;  a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite; characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation;  verb have a strong desire or urge to do something;  have or perceive an itch;  scrape or rub as if to relieve itching
  • itch detection. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ivy   noun Old World vine with lobed evergreen leaves and black berrylike fruits
  • j   noun the 10th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second
  • j point. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • j point and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • j receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • j receptors adjacent to. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • j receptors in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • jacksonian   adj. of or pertaining to Andrew Jackson or his presidency or his concepts of popular democracy;  noun a follower of Andrew Jackson or his ideas
  • jacksonian epilepsy   noun focal epilepsy in which the attack usually moves from distal to proximal limb muscles on the same side of the body
  • jaks. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • janus   noun (Roman mythology) the Roman god of doorways and passages; is depicted with two faces on opposite sides of his head
  • janus kinases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • jaundice   noun yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood; can be a symptom of gallstones or liver infection or anemia;  a rough and bitter manner;  verb affect with, or as if with, jaundice;  distort adversely
  • jaundice and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • jaundice in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • jerk   noun an abrupt spasmodic movement;  raising a weight from shoulder height to above the head by straightening the arms;  a dull stupid fatuous person;  (mechanics) the rate of change of acceleration;  a sudden abrupt pull;  meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun;  verb throw or toss with a quick motion; move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions;  make an uncontrolled, short, jerky motion;  pull, or move with a sudden movement;  jump vertically, with legs stiff and back arched
  • joint   adj. involving both houses of a legislature;  united or combined;  affecting or involving two or more;  noun marijuana leaves rolled into a cigarette for smoking;  junction by which parts or objects are joined together;  a disreputable place of entertainment; (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion);  a piece of meat roasted or for roasting and of a size for slicing into more than one portion;  the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made;  verb separate (meat) at the joint;  fasten with a joint;  provide with a joint;  fit as if by joints
  • joint angulation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • joint angulation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • joint receptors. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • joint rotation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • joint spaces. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • judgment   noun the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event;  (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it;  the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions;  the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions;  an opinion formed by judging something;  the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations;  the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision
  • judgment of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • jumps. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • junction   noun an act of joining or adjoining things;  the place where two or more things come together;  something that joins or connects; the state of being joined together;  the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made
  • junctional. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • junctional potential. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • junctional potential of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • junctions. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • juxtaglomerular. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • juxtaglomerular apparatus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • juxtaglomerular cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • juxtamedullary. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • juxtamedullary nephrons. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • k   noun street names for ketamine;  the 11th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of information equal to one thousand (1024) bytes; the basic unit of thermodynamic temperature adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites;  a light soft silver white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • kallidin. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kallikrein. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • keratoconus   noun abnormal cone shaped protrusion of the cornea of the eye; can be treated by epikeratophakia
  • kerckring. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kernicterus   noun an abnormal accumulation of bile pigment in the brain and other nerve tissue; causes yellow staining and tissue damage
  • keto. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • keto acids. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ketogenesis. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ketogenic. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ketogenic effect of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ketoglutaric. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ketoglutaric acid. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ketone   noun any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals
  • ketone bodies. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ketosis   noun an abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the blood as in diabetes mellitus
  • ketosis and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ketosis in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kidney   noun either of two bean shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • kidney disease   noun a disease affecting the kidneys
  • kidney disease and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kidney function testing. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kidney stones. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kidney transplantation. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kidneys. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kidneys in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • killer   noun a difficulty that is hard to deal with;  someone who causes the death of a person or animal;  predatory black and white toothed whale with large dorsal fin; common in cold seas;  the causal agent resulting in death
  • killing   adj. very funny;  noun the act of terminating a life;  an event that causes someone to die;  a very large profit
  • kilocalorie   noun a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree at one atmosphere pressure; used by nutritionists to characterize the energy producing potential in food
  • kinase   noun an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of a proenzyme to an active enzyme
  • kinases. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kinesiology   noun the branch of physiology that studies the mechanics and anatomy in relation to human movement
  • kinesthesia   noun the perception of body position and movement and muscular tensions etc;  the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body
  • kinetic   adj. characterized by motion;  relating to the motion of material bodies and the forces associated therewith;  supplying motive force
  • kinetic energy   noun the mechanical energy that a body has by virtue of its motion
  • kininogen. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kinins. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kinocilium. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kl. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • knee   noun the part of a trouser leg that provides the cloth covering for the knee;  hinge joint in the human leg connecting the tibia and fibula with the femur and protected in front by the patella;  joint between the femur and tibia in a quadruped; corresponds to the human knee
  • knee jerk   noun a reflex extension of the leg resulting from a sharp tap on the patellar tendon
  • korotkoff. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • korotkoff sounds. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • krause. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • krebs   noun English biochemist (born in Germany) who discovered the Krebs cycle (1900 1981)
  • krebs cycle   noun in all plants and animals: a series of enzymatic reactions in mitochondria involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl compounds to produce high energy phosphate compounds that are the source of cellular energy
  • kupffer. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kupffer cells. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • kwashiorkor   noun severe malnutrition in children resulting from a diet excessively high in carbohydrates and low in protein
  • kyphosis   noun an abnormal backward curve to the vertebral column
  • l   noun the 12th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints);  a cgs unit of illumination equal to the brightness of a perfectly diffusing surface that emits or reflects one lumen per square centimeter
  • l deprenyl. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • l dopa   noun the levorotatory form of dopa (trade names Bendopa and Brocadopa and Larodopa); as a drug it is used to treat Parkinson's disease
  • labeled   adj. bearing or marked with a label or tag
  • labeled line principle. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • labor   noun productive work (especially physical work done for wages);  a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages;  any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; the federal department responsible for promoting the working conditions of wage earners in the United States; created in 1913;  a political party formed in Great Britain in 1900; characterized by the promotion of labor's interests and the socialization of key industries; an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by united action (particularly via labor unions) or the leaders of this movement; concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of labor to the birth of a child;  verb undergo the efforts of childbirth;  work hard;  strive and make an effort to reach a goal
  • labor and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • labor pains   noun a regularly recurrent spasm of pain that is characteristic of childbirth
  • labyrinth   noun complex system of paths or tunnels in which it is easy to get lost;  a complex system of interconnecting cavities; concerned with hearing and equilibrium
  • lack   noun the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable;  verb be without
  • lack of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lacrimal   adj. relating to or located near the organ that produces tears;  of or relating to tears
  • lacrimal glands. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lactase   noun any of a group of enzymes (trade name Lactaid) that hydrolyze lactose to glucose and galactose
  • lactate   noun a salt or ester of lactic acid;  verb give suck to
  • lactation   noun the production and secretion of milk by the mammary glands;  the period following birth during which milk is secreted;  feeding an infant by giving suck at the breast
  • lactation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lacteal   adj. relating to or consisting of or producing or resembling milk;  noun any of the lymphatic vessels that convey chyle from the small intestine to the thoracic duct
  • lactic   adj. of or relating to or obtained from milk (especially sour milk or whey)
  • lactic acid   noun a clear odorless hygroscopic syrupy carboxylic acid found in sour milk and in many fruits
  • lactic acid as energy for. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lactic acid formation and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lactic acid oxygen debt. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lactic acid produced in. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lactic dehydrogenase. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lactogen   noun any agent that enhances milk production
  • lactose   noun a sugar comprising one glucose molecule linked to a galactose molecule; occurs only in milk
  • lactotropes. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lamina   noun a thin plate or layer (especially of bone or mineral)
  • laminar   adj. arranged in or consisting of laminae
  • laminar flow   noun nonturbulent streamline flow in parallel layers (laminae)
  • langerhans. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • language   noun the mental faculty or power of vocal communication;  a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols;  the cognitive processes involved in producing and understanding linguistic communication;  a system of words used to name things in a particular discipline;  the text of a popular song or musical comedy number;  (language) communication by word of mouth
  • language and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • large   adj. having broad power and range and scope;  above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent;  fairly large or important in effect; influential;  in an advanced stage of pregnancy;  conspicuous in position or importance;  generous and understanding and tolerant;  ostentatiously lofty in style;  adv. with the wind abaft the beam;  at a distance, wide of something (as of a mark);  in a boastful manner;  noun a garment size for a large person
  • large babies of mothers with. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • large intestine mucus and. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • larynx   noun a cartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea; contains elastic vocal cords that are the source of the vocal tone in speech
  • latch   noun catch for fastening a door or gate; a bar that can be lowered or slid into a groove;  spring loaded doorlock that can only be opened from the outside with a key;  verb fasten with a latch
  • latch mechanism of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • latent   adj. not presently active;  potentially existing but not presently evident or realized
  • latent period of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lateral   adj. lying away from the median and sagittal plane of a body;  situated at or extending to the side;  noun a pass to a receiver upfield from the passer
  • lateral geniculate body   noun a neural structure that serves as a processing station on the way from the retina to the occipital lobe of the cerebral cortex
  • lateral inhibition. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lateral lemniscus. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lateral motor system of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lateral motor system of the cord. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • law   noun the learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system; a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society;  a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature;  legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity;  the collection of rules imposed by authority;  the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do;  the force of policemen and officers
  • law of the gut. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • layer   noun thin structure composed of a single thickness of cells;  a hen that lays eggs;  single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance;  a relatively thin sheetlike expanse or region lying over or under another;  an abstract place usually conceived as having depth; verb make or form a layer
  • layers. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • layers of. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • ldls. For more information on the topic, please visit the following.
  • lead   noun the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge;  a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead');  mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil;  thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing;  an advantage held by a competitor in a race; evidence pointing to a possible solution;  the introductory section of a story;  a news story of major importance;  (baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base; (sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning;  the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile);  a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey;  a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire;  restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal;  the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal combustion engine;  an indication of potential opportunity;  an actor who plays a principal role;  verb cause to undertake a certain action;  travel in front of; go in advance of others; take somebody somewhere;  tend to or result in;  be ahead of others; be the first;  pass or spend;  preside over;  lead, as in the performance of a composition;  move ahead (of others) in time or space;  be in charge of;  be conducive to;  have as a result or residue;  stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point;  lead, extend, or afford access; cause something to pass or lead somewhere
  • leading   adj. going or proceeding or going in advance; showing the way;  indicating the most important performer or role;  greatest in importance or degree or significance or achievement;  having the leading position or higher score in a contest;  noun the activity of leading;  thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printin