Glossary of dermatology

From WikiMD

  • AIDS -  a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • Abscess:
  • Absorbed -  taken in through the pores of a surface; retained without reflection; giving or marked by complete attention to
  • Accumulate - verb collect or gather; get or gather together
  • Activated -  set up and placed on active assignment; rendered active; e.g. rendered radioactive or luminescent or photosensitive or conductive; (of e.g. a molecule) made reactive or more reactive; (of sewage) treated with aeration and bacteria to aid decomposition
  • Acyclovir -  an oral antiviral drug (trade name Zovirax) used to treat genital herpes; does not cure the disease but relieves the symptoms
  • Addison's disease -  a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin
  • Adequate -  (sometimes followed by `to') meeting the requirements especially of a task; about average; acceptable; enough to meet a purpose
  • Adrenaline -  a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • Adverse -  in an opposing direction; contrary to your interests or welfare
  • Agranulocytosis -  an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes
  • Alkaline -  relating to or containing an alkali; having a pH greater than 7
  • All-purpose -  not limited in use or function
  • Allergic -  having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor); characterized by or caused by allergy
  • Aluminium -  a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • Aluminum -  a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • Amitriptyline -  a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
  • Amphotericin -  an antibiotic and antifungal agent
  • Anaerobic -  living or active in the absence of free oxygen; not aerobic
  • Anaphylaxis -  hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance
  • Anticholinergic -  inhibiting or blocking the action of acetylcholine at a receptor site;  a substance that opposes or blocks the action of acetylcholine
  • Antidepressant -  any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects
  • Antifungal -  capable of destroying fungi;  any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi
  • Antiviral -  inhibiting or stopping the growth and reproduction of viruses;  any drug that destroys viruses
  • Aqueous -  produced by the action of water; similar to or containing or dissolved in water
  • Aristocort -  a synthetic corticosteroid (trade names Aristocort or Aristopak or Kenalog) used as an anti-inflammatory agent
  • Arthralgia -  pain in a joint or joints
  • Aseptic -  free of or using methods to keep free of pathological microorganisms
  • Aspirin -  the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • Atrophy:
  • Augmentin -  an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • Azathioprine -  an immunosuppressive drug (trade name Imuran) used to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ
  • Bacillus anthracis -  a species of bacillus that causes anthrax in humans and in animals (cattle and swine and sheep and rabbits and mice and guinea pigs); can be used a bioweapon
  • Benzocaine -  a white crystalline ester used as a local anesthetic
  • Bilirubin -  an orange-yellow pigment in the bile that forms as a product of hemoglobin; excess amounts in the blood produce the yellow appearance observed in jaundice
  • Blisters (Vesicles and Bullae)
  • Borrelia burgdorferi -  cause of Lyme disease; transmitted primarily by ticks of genus Ixodes
  • Breakdown -  an analysis into mutually exclusive categories; a cessation of normal operation; a mental or physical breakdown; the act of disrupting an established order so it fails to continue
  • British -  of or relating to or characteristic of Great Britain or its people or culture;  the people of Great Britain
  • CD -  a digitally encoded recording on an optical disk that is smaller than a phonograph record; played back by a laser; a debt instrument issued by a bank; usually pays interest; the basic unit of luminous intensity adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; equal to 1/60 of the luminous intensity per square centimeter of a black body radiating at the temperature of 2,046 degrees Kelvin; a soft bluish-white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic element; occurs in association with zinc ores
  • Candida albicans -  a parasitic fungus that can infect the mouth or the skin or the intestines or the vagina
  • Candida -  any of the yeastlike imperfect fungi of the genus Candida
  • Candidiasis -  an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)
  • Capsaicin -  colorless pungent crystalline compound derived from capsicum; source of the hotness of hot peppers of the genus Capsicum such as chili and cayenne and jalapeno
  • Carcinogenic -  causing or tending to cause cancer
  • Cataract -  a large waterfall; violent rush of water over a precipice; clouding of the natural lens of the eye
  • Caution -  the trait of being cautious; being attentive to possible danger; judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger; a warning against certain acts; the trait of being circumspect and prudent; verb warn strongly; put on guard
  • Cefuroxime -  a cephalosporin that can be given parenterally (trade name Zinacef) or orally by tablets (trade name Ceftin); indicated for infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract or meninges
  • Chafing -  soreness or irritation of the skin caused by friction
  • Chapter -  a subdivision of a written work; usually numbered and titled; a series of related events forming an episode; a local branch of some fraternity or association; an ecclesiastical assembly of the monks in a monastery or even of the canons of a church; any distinct period in history or in a person's life
  • Chlorhexidine -  a long-lasting liquid antiseptic; used by surgeons to wash their hands before performing surgery
  • Cholesterol -  an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues
  • Ciprofloxacin -  an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
  • Cleansing -  acting like an antiseptic; cleansing the body by washing; especially ritual washing of e.g. hands;  the act of making something clean
  • Collagenase -  any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of collagen and gelatin
  • Colloidal -  of or relating to or having the properties of a colloid
  • Confusion -  a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; an act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended; a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior; a feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused; disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
  • Consider - verb regard or treat with consideration, respect, and esteem; take into consideration for exemplifying purposes; think about carefully; weigh; show consideration for; take into account; judge or regard; look upon; judge; deem to be; look at carefully; study mentally; look at attentively; give careful consideration to
  • Continued -  without stop or interruption
  • Conventionally -  in a conventional manner
  • Corneal -  of or related to the cornea
  • Crohn's disease -  a serious chronic and progressive inflammation of the ileum producing frequent bouts of diarrhea with abdominal pain and nausea and fever and weight loss
  • Crusts:
  • Cushing's syndrome -  a glandular disorder caused by excessive cortisol
  • Cyproheptadine -  an antihistamine (trade name Periactin) used to treat some allergic reactions
  • Cyst:
  • Dapsone -  antibacterial drug used to treat leprosy and some kinds of skin diseases
  • Darier's disease -  a rare hereditary condition marked by dark crusted patches (sometimes containing pus)
  • Dependence -  lack of independence or self-sufficiency; being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • Deposition -  the act of deposing someone; removing a powerful person from a position or office; (law) a pretrial interrogation of a witness; usually conducted in a lawyer's office; the natural process of laying down a deposit of something; the act of putting something somewhere
  • Desquamation (scaling/exfoliation)
  • Diazepam -  a tranquilizer (trade name Valium) used to relieve anxiety and relax muscles; acts by enhancing the inhibitory actions of the neurotransmitter GABA; can also be used as an anticonvulsant drug in cases of nerve agent poisoning
  • Dicloxacillin -  antibacterial (trade name Dynapen) used to treat staphylococcal infections that are resistant to penicillin
  • Diffuse -  spread out; not concentrated in one place; lacking conciseness; (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected; verb move outward; cause to become widely known; spread or diffuse through
  • Discontinue - verb put an end to a state or an activity; come or be at an end; prevent completion
  • Dizziness -  a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
  • Doxepin -  a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Adapin and Sinequan) with numerous side effects (dry mouth and sedation and gastrointestinal disturbances)
  • Elderly -  advanced in years; (`aged' is proced as two syllables);  people who are old collectively
  • Emergency -  a sudden unforeseen crisis (usually involving danger) that requires immediate action; a state in which martial law applies; a brake operated by hand; usually operates by mechanical linkage
  • Erosion:
  • Erythrocyte -  a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the bodily tissues; a biconcave disc that has no nucleus
  • Erythromycin -  an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative
  • Euphoria -  a feeling of great (usually exaggerated) elation
  • Examine - verb question closely; observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect; consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning; question or examine thoroughly and closely; put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to
  • Exuberant -  produced or growing in extreme abundance; unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings; joyously unrestrained
  • Fissure:
  • Flexible -  bending and snapping back readily without breaking; able to flex; able to bend easily; capable of being changed; making or willing to make concessions; able to adjust readily to different conditions
  • Formaldehyde -  a colorless poisonous gas; made by the oxidation of methanol
  • Formula -  a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement; a conventionalized statement expressing some fundamental principle; a representation of a substance using symbols for its constituent elements; a liquid food for infants; something regarded as a normative example; (mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mathematical problems; directions for making something
  • Formulary -  of or relating to or of the nature of a formula;  (pharmacology) a book containing a compilation of pharmaceutical products with their formulas and methods of preparation
  • Fox -  alert carnivorous mammal with pointed muzzle and ears and a bushy tail; most are predators that do not hunt in packs; the Algonquian language of the Fox; a member of an Algonquian people formerly living west of Lake Michigan along the Fox River; English religious leader who founded the Society of Friends (1624-1691); English statesman who supported American independence and the French Revolution (1749-1806); the grey or reddish-brown fur of a fox; a shifty deceptive person; verb become discolored with, or as if with, mildew spots; be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly; deceive somebody
  • Garamycin -  an antibiotic (trade name Garamycin) that is derived from an actinomycete; used in treating infections of the urinary tract
  • Gentamicin -  an antibiotic (trade name Garamycin) that is derived from an actinomycete; used in treating infections of the urinary tract
  • Glycosuria -  the presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine
  • Gram-negative -  (of bacteria) being of or relating to a bacterium that does not retain the violet stain used in Gram's method
  • Gram-positive -  (of bacteria) being or relating to a bacterium that retains the violet stain used in Gram's method
  • Haematology -  the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
  • Haemolysis -  lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
  • Haemolytic -  relating to or involving or causing hemolysis
  • Headache -  pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs; something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness
  • Hemiptera -  plant bugs; bedbugs; some true bugs; also includes suborders Heteroptera (true bugs) and Homoptera (e.g., aphids, plant lice and cicadas)
  • Hodgkin's disease -  a malignant disorder in which there is progressive (but painless) enlargement of lymph tissue followed by enlargement of the spleen and liver
  • Hospital -  a health facility where patients receive treatment; a medical institution where sick or injured people are given medical or surgical care
  • However -  despite anything to the contrary (usually following a concession); in whatever way or manner; to whatever degree or extent; by contrast; on the other hand
  • Hydrochlorothiazide -  a diuretic drug (trade name Esidrix and HydroDIURIL) used in the treatment of hypertension
  • Hydrocolloid -  a substance that forms a gel with water
  • Hydrogel -  a colloidal gel in which water is the dispersion medium
  • Hydrogen -  a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • Hydroxychloroquine -  anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Plaquenil) used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and malaria and lupus erythematosus
  • Hydroxyzine -  a drug (trade names Atarax and Vistaril) used as a tranquilizer to treat anxiety and motion sickness
  • Hyperglycaemia -  abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
  • Hyperlipidaemia -  presence of excess lipids in the blood
  • Hyperpigmentation -  unusual darkening of the skin
  • Iatrogenic -  induced by a physician's words or therapy (used especially of a complication resulting from treatment)
  • Idiopathic -  (of diseases) arising from an unknown cause
  • Increased -  made greater in size or amount or degree
  • Index -  the finger next to the thumb; an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed; a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time; a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number; a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself; verb adjust through indexation; provide with an index; list in an index
  • Jaundice -  yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood; can be a symptom of gallstones or liver infection or anemia; a rough and bitter manner; verb affect with, or as if with, jaundice; distort adversely
  • Kaposi's sarcoma -  a sarcoma that starts with purplish spots on the feet and legs and spreads from the skin to lymph nodes and internal organs; a common manifestation of AIDS
  • Kenalog -  a synthetic corticosteroid (trade names Aristocort or Aristopak or Kenalog) used as an anti-inflammatory agent
  • Koplik's spots -  small red spots with white centers found on the mucous membranes of the mouth and tongue; symptom of measles that appears one or two days before the measles rash appears
  • Laboratory -  a workplace for the conduct of scientific research; a region resembling a laboratory inasmuch as it offers opportunities for observation and practice and experimentation
  • Lamisil -  an oral antifungal drug (trade name Lamisil) used to treat cases of fungal nail disease
  • Leprosy -  chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae
  • Lethargy -  a state of comatose torpor (as found in sleeping sickness); inactivity; showing an unusual lack of energy; weakness characterized by a lack of vitality or energy
  • Lichenification:
  • Lidocaine -  a local anesthetic (trade names Lidocaine and Xylocaine) used topically on the skin and mucous membranes
  • Lindane -  a white crystalline powder used as an agricultural insecticide
  • Lithium -  a soft silver-white univalent element of the alkali metal group; the lightest metal known; occurs in several minerals
  • Lyme disease -  an acute inflammatory disease characterized by a rash with joint swelling and fever; caused by bacteria carried by the bite of a deer tick
  • Macule:
  • Magnesia -  a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase; a source of magnesium
  • Malathion -  a yellow insecticide used as a dust or spray to control garden pests and house flies and mites
  • Maximum -  the greatest or most complete or best possible;  the point on a curve where the tangent changes from positive on the left to negative on the right; the largest possible quantity; the greatest possible degree
  • Melphalan -  antineoplastic drug (trade name Alkeran) used to treat multiple myeloma and some other malignancies
  • Menthol -  a lotion containing menthol which gives it the smell of mint; a crystalline compound that has the cool and minty taste and odor that occurs naturally in peppermint oil; used as a flavoring and in medicine to relieve itching, pain, and nasal congestion
  • Metallic -  containing or made of or resembling or characteristic of a metal;  a yarn made partly or entirely of metal; a fabric made of a yarn that is partly or entirely of metal
  • Metronidazole -  antiprotozoal medication (trade name Flagyl) used to treat trichomoniasis and giardiasis
  • Mineral -  of or containing or derived from minerals; composed of matter other than plant or animal; relating to minerals;  solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
  • Minocycline -  tetracycline antibiotic (trade name Minocin) used to treat a variety of bacterial and rickettsial infections
  • Minoxidil -  a vasodilator (trade name Loniten) used to treat severe hypertension; one side effect is hirsutism so it is also sold (trade name Rogaine) as a treatment for male-patterned baldness
  • Miscellaneous -  constituting a grab-bag category; consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity)
  • Moderately -  in a moderate manner; to a moderately sufficient extent or degree
  • Moisture -  wetness caused by water
  • Monitor -  any of various large tropical carnivorous lizards of Africa and Asia and Australia; fabled to warn of crocodiles; a piece of electronic equipment that keeps track of the operation of a system continuously and warns of trouble; electronic equipment that is used to check the quality or content of electronic transmissions; display produced by a device that takes signals and displays them on a television screen or a computer monitor; an ironclad vessel built by Federal forces to do battle with the Merrimac; someone who gives a warning so that a mistake can be avoided; someone who supervises (an examination); verb keep tabs on; keep an eye on; keep under surveillance
  • Morbilliform -  of a rash that resembles that of measles
  • Mucocutaneous -  of or relating to the mucous membranes and skin
  • Mucosal -  of or relating to mucous membranes
  • Muir -  United States naturalist (born in England) who advocated the creation of national parks (1838-1914)
  • Mycobacterium leprae -  cause of leprosy
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis -  cause of tuberculosis
  • Mycostatin -  an antifungal and antibiotic (trade names Mycostatin and Nystan) discovered in New York State; derived from soil fungi actinomycetes
  • National -  concerned with or applicable to or belonging to an entire nation or country; limited to or in the interests of a particular nation; owned or maintained for the public by the national government; of or relating to or belonging to a nation or country; of or relating to nationality; characteristic of or peculiar to the people of a nation; inside the country;  a person who owes allegiance to that nation
  • Natural -  being talented through inherited qualities; related by blood; not adopted; in accordance with nature; relating to or concerning nature; existing in or produced by nature; not artificial or imitation; existing in or in conformity with nature or the observable world; neither supernatural nor magical; (of a key) containing no sharps or flats; (of a note) being neither raised nor lowered by one chromatic semitone; functioning or occurring in a normal way; lacking abnormalities or deficiencies; (used especially of commodities) being unprocessed or manufactured using only simple or minimal processes; unthinking; prompted by (or as if by) instinct; free from artificiality;  (craps) a first roll of 7 or 11 that immediately wins the stake; a notation cancelling a previous sharp or flat; someone regarded as certain to succeed
  • Neutropenia -  leukopenia in which the decrease is primarily in number of neutrophils (the chief phagocytic leukocyte)
  • Nodules:
  • Nothing -  in no way; to no degree;  a nonexistent thing; a quantity of no importance
  • Oesophagus -  the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • Oropharyngeal -  of or relating to or located near the oropharynx
  • Osteoporosis -  abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women
  • Paget's disease -  a disease of bone occurring in the middle aged and elderly; excessive bone destruction sometimes leading to bone pain and fractures and skeletal deformities
  • Palette -  board that provides a flat surface on which artists mix paints and the range of colors used; the range of colour characteristic of a particular artist or painting or school of art; one of the rounded armor plates at the armpits of a suit of armor
  • Papule:
  • Pediculus humanus -  head or body louse
  • Peripheral -  on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary; the outer area; related to the key issue but not of central importance;  (computer science) electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer
  • Persistent -  never-ceasing; retained; not shed; continually recurring to the mind
  • Petrolatum -  a semisolid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum; used in medicinal ointments and for lubrication
  • Plaque:
  • Polyurethane -  any of various polymers containing the urethane radical; a wide variety of synthetic forms are made and used as adhesives or plastics or paints or rubber
  • Postural -  of or relating to or involving posture
  • Potassium -  a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • Potential -  existing in possibility; expected to become or be; in prospect;  the inherent capacity for coming into being; the difference in electrical charge between two points in a circuit expressed in volts
  • Potentially -  with a possibility of becoming actual
  • Precipitation -  an unexpected acceleration or hastening; the act of casting down or falling headlong from a height; the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist); the process of forming a chemical precipitate; the quantity of water falling to earth at a specific place within a specified period of time; overly eager speed (and possible carelessness)
  • Prednisone -  a dehydrogenated analogue of cortisol (trade names Orasone or Deltasone or Liquid Pred or Meticorten); used as an anti-inflammatory drug in the treatment of arthritis and as an immunosuppressant
  • Probenecid -  a uricosuric drug that reduces the level of uric acid in the blood; used to treat gout
  • Promethazine -  antihistamine (trade name Phenergan) used to treat allergies; also an antiemetic used to treat motion sickness
  • Prophylaxis -  the prevention of disease
  • Pseudomonas -  type genus of the family Pseudomonodaceae
  • Pustule:
  • Redistribution -  distributing again
  • Reference -  the act of referring or consulting; the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to; the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to; a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to; a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts; a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability; a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage; a remark that calls attention to something or someone; an indicator that orients you generally; verb refer to
  • Regardless -  (usually followed by `of') without due thought or consideration;  in spite of everything; without regard to drawbacks
  • Regular -  in accord with regular practice or procedure; relating to a person who does something regularly; officially full-time; not deviating from what is normal; in accordance with fixed order or procedure or principle; (of solids) having clear dimensions that can be measured; volume can be determined with a suitable geometric formula; (used of the military) belonging to or engaged in by legitimate army forces; conforming to a standard or pattern; regularly scheduled for fixed times; often used as intensifiers; not constipated; occurring at fixed intervals; symmetrically arranged;  a garment size for persons of average height and weight; a regular patron; a dependable follower (especially in party politics); a soldier in the regular army
  • Reiter's syndrome -  an inflammatory syndrome (etiology unknown) predominantly in males; characterized by arthritis and conjunctivitis and urethritis
  • Remember - verb recall knowledge from memory; have a recollection; keep in mind for attention or consideration; recapture the past; indulge in memories; exercise, or have the power of, memory; mention favourably, as in prayer; show appreciation to; call to remembrance; keep alive the memory of someone or something, as in a ceremony; mention as by way of greeting or to indicate friendship
  • Resistance -  the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with; the military action of resisting the enemy's advance; group action in opposition to those in power; (psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness; the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease-causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin-resistant bacteria); any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion; an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current; a secret group organized to overthrow a government or occupation force; a material's opposition to the flow of electric current; measured in ohms; (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
  • Rogaine -  a vasodilator (trade name Loniten) used to treat severe hypertension; one side effect is hirsutism so it is also sold (trade name Rogaine) as a treatment for male-patterned baldness
  • Roll-On -  a woman's foundation garment rolled on to the hips; a dispenser of a liquid cosmetic (such as a deodorant) having a revolving ball as an applicator
  • Routine -  occurring at fixed times or predictable intervals; found in the ordinary course of events;  an unvarying or habitual method or procedure; a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program; a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program
  • Scar:        
  • Sclerosis:
  • Sedation -  the administration of a sedative agent or drug; a state of reduced excitement or anxiety that is induced by the administrative of a sedative agent
  • Sedative -  tending to soothe or tranquilize;  a drug that reduces excitability and calms a person
  • Shaving -  the act of brushing against while passing; the act of removing hair with a razor; a thin fragment or slice (especially of wood) that has been shaved from something
  • Short-term -  relating to or extending over a limited period
  • Solution -  the successful action of solving a problem; a method for solving a problem; a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem; the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation; a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances; frequently (but not necessarily) a liquid solution
  • Spironolactone -  a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
  • Steroid -  any of several fat-soluble organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms in four rings; many have important physiological effects; any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
  • Stevens -  United States filmmaker (1905-1975); United States poet (1879-1955); United States psychologist and psychophysicist who proposed Stevens' power law to replace Fechner's law (1906-1973)
  • Stomatitis -  inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth
  • Stria: (plural striae) are linear, atrophic, pink, purple, or white lesions of the skin and are sometimes called “stretch marks”.
  • Stubborn -  tenaciously unwilling or marked by tenacious unwillingness to yield; not responding to treatment
  • Sulfacetamide -  a topical sulfonamide (trade name Sulamyd) used to treat eye infections
  • Sunblock -  a cream spread on the skin; contains a chemical (as PABA) to filter out ultraviolet light and so protect from sunburn
  • Teratogenesis -  the development of defects in an embryo
  • Titanium -  a light strong grey lustrous corrosion-resistant metallic element used in strong lightweight alloys (as for airplane parts); the main sources are rutile and ilmenite
  • Topical -  of interest at the present time; pertaining to the surface of a body part; of or relating to or arranged by topics
  • Transient -  of a mental act; causing effects outside the mind; lasting a very short time;  (physics) a short-lived oscillation in a system caused by a sudden change of voltage or current or load; one who stays for only a short time
  • Transversal -  extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis
  • Triamcinolone -  a synthetic corticosteroid (trade names Aristocort or Aristopak or Kenalog) used as an anti-inflammatory agent
  • Trichomoniasis -  infection of the vagina
  • Tuberculin -  a sterile liquid containing a purified protein derivative of the tuberculosis bacterium; used in the diagnosis of tuberculosis
  • Ulcer:
  • Unpleasant -  disagreeable to the senses, to the mind, or feelings
  • Urticaria -  an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins; usually the result of an allergic response to insect bites or food or drugs
  • Vitamin -  any of a group of organic substances essential in small quantities to normal metabolism
  • Weber -  German physiologist who studied sensory responses to stimuli and is considered the father of psychophysics (1795-1878); German conductor and composer of romantic operas (1786-1826); German sociologist and pioneer of the analytic method in sociology (1864-1920); United States abstract painter (born in Russia) (1881-1961); German physicist and brother of E. H. Weber; noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1804-1891); a unit of magnetic flux equal to 100,000,000 maxwells
  • Wheal:
  • Withdrawal -  the act of withdrawing; the termination of drug taking; the act of taking out money or other capital; a retraction of a previously held position; avoiding emotional involvement; formal separation from an alliance or federation
  • Written -  set down in writing in any of various ways; systematically collected and written down; written as for a film or play or broadcast
  • Zovirax -  an oral antiviral drug (trade name Zovirax) used to treat genital herpes; does not cure the disease but relieves the symptoms
  • abdominal -  of or relating to or near the abdomen;  the muscles of the abdomen
  • abnormal -  much greater than the normal; not normal; not typical or usual or regular or conforming to a norm; departing from the normal in e.g. intelligence and development
  • abnormality -  behavior that breaches the rule or etiquette or custom or morality; marked strangeness as a consequence of being abnormal; retardation sufficient to fall outside the normal range of intelligence; an abnormal condition
  • abrasion -  erosion by friction; an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off; the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
  • absorption -  (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid; (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium; the mental state of being preoccupied by something; complete attention; intense mental effort; the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion; the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
  • academic -  hypothetical or theoretical and not expected to produce an immediate or practical result; marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects; associated with academia or an academy;  an educator who works at a college or university
  • acantholysis -  a breakdown of a cell layer in the epidermis (as in pemphigus)
  • acanthosis nigricans -  a skin disease characterized by dark wartlike patches in the body folds; can be benign or malignant
  • according -  (followed by `to') as reported or stated by; (followed by `to') in agreement with or accordant with
  • acetate -  a salt or ester of acetic acid; a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
  • achondroplasia -  an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism
  • acne rosacea -  a skin disease of adults (more often women) in which blood vessels of the face enlarge resulting in a flushed appearance
  • acne -  an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin; characterized by papules or pustules or comedones
  • acquired -  gotten through environmental forces
  • acrocyanosis -  cyanosis of the extremities; can occur when a spasm of the blood vessels is caused by exposure to cold or by strong emotion
  • acromegaly -  enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor)
  • actinic -  relating to or exhibiting actinism
  • actinomycosis -  disease of cattle that can be transmitted to humans; results from infection with actinomycetes; characterized by hard swellings that exude pus through long sinuses
  • action -  something done (usually as opposed to something said); the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field; an act by a government body or supranational organization; the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism; the trait of being active and energetic and forceful; the series of events that form a plot; the state of being active; a military engagement; a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong; a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings);  institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against; put in effect
  • activity -  any specific behavior; (chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction; the trait of being active; moving or acting rapidly and energetically; an organic process that takes place in the body; a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); the state of being active
  • acute -  having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course; of critical importance and consequence; extremely sharp or intense; having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions; of an angle; less than 90 degrees; ending in a sharp point;  a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • addiction -  (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master; an abnormally strong craving; being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • addison's disease -  a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin
  • adjunctive -  joining; forming an adjunct
  • adrenal -  of or pertaining to the adrenal glands or their secretions; near the kidneys;  either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
  • advantage -  benefit resulting from some event or action; the quality of having a superior or more favorable position; (tennis) first point scored after deuce; verb give an advantage to
  • advised -  having received information; having the benefit of careful prior consideration or counsel
  • affective -  characterized by emotion
  • albinism -  the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
  • albright's disease -  fibrous dysplasia of bone affecting multiple bones
  • alcohol -  a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent; any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • aleppo boil -  leishmaniasis of the skin; characterized by ulcerative skin lesions
  • alexandre yersin -  French bacteriologist born in Switzerland; was a student of Pasteur; discovered the plague bacillus (1863-1943)
  • alkaptonuria -  a rare recessive metabolic anomaly marked by ochronosis and the presence of alkapton in the urine
  • allergic -  having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor); characterized by or caused by allergy
  • allergy -  hypersensitivity reaction to a particular allergen; symptoms can vary greatly in intensity
  • allopurinol -  a drug (trade name Zyloprim) used to treat gout and other conditions in which there is an excessive buildup of uric acid
  • alopecia areata -  patchy baldness
  • alopecia -  loss of hair (especially on the head) or loss of wool or feathers; in humans it can result from heredity or hormonal imbalance or certain diseases or drugs and treatments (chemotherapy for cancer)
  • alternate -  occurring by turns; first one and then the other; every second one of a series; of leaves and branches etc; first on one side and then on the other in two ranks along an axis; not paired; allowing a choice;  someone who takes the place of another person; verb do something in turns; go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions; exchange people temporarily to fulfill certain jobs and functions; reverse (a direction, attitude, or course of action); be an understudy or alternate for a role
  • alternative -  necessitating a choice between mutually exclusive possibilities; pertaining to unconventional choices; allowing a choice;  one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  • alumina -  any of various forms of aluminum oxide occurring naturally as corundum
  • aluminium chloride -  a chloride used as a wood preservative or catalyst
  • amoxicillin -  an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • amyloidosis -  a disorder characterized by deposit of amyloid in organs or tissues; often secondary to chronic rheumatoid arthritis or tuberculosis or multiple myeloma
  • anaemia -  a deficiency of red blood cells; a lack of vitality
  • anaesthetic -  characterized by insensibility;  a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations
  • analgesic -  capable of relieving pain;  a medicine used to relieve pain
  • analogue -  of a circuit or device having an output that is proportional to the input;  something having the property of being analogous to something else
  • analysis -  an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole; the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations; a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation; a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed; the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father'; a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
  • anaphylaxis -  hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance
  • anasarca -  generalized edema with accumulation of serum in subcutaneous connective tissue
  • anderson -  United States physicist who discovered antimatter in the form of an antielectron that is called the positron (1905-1991); United States contralto noted for her performance of spirituals (1902-1993); United States dramatist (1888-1959); United States physicist who studied the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems (1923-); United States author whose works were frequently autobiographical (1876-1941)
  • androgenetic -  of or related to androgenesis
  • angioma -  a tumor consisting of a mass of blood or lymphatic vessels
  • angiosarcoma -  a rare malignant neoplasm arising from vascular tissue; usually occurs in the breast and skin and is believed to originate from the endothelial cells of blood vessels
  • annually -  without missing a year; by the year; every year (usually with reference to a sum of money paid or received)
  • antagonism -  (biochemistry) interference in or inhibition of the physiological action of a chemical substance by another having a similar structure; an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility; the relation between opposing principles or forces or factors; a state of deep-seated ill-will
  • anthrax -  a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia; a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep); it can be transmitted to people
  • anti-inflammatory -  a medicine intended to reduce inflammation
  • antibacterial -  destroying bacteria or inhibiting their growth;  any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
  • anticoagulant -  medicine that prevents or retards the clotting of blood
  • antihypertensive -  a drug that reduces high blood pressure
  • antimalarial -  a medicinal drug used to prevent or treat malaria
  • antipruritic -  a substance that relieves or prevents itching
  • antiseptic -  (extended sense) of exceptionally clean language; clean and honest; thoroughly clean and free of or destructive to disease-causing organisms; made free from live bacteria or other microorganisms; freeing from error or corruption;  a substance that destroys micro-organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues
  • anxiety -  a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune; a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
  • apocrine -  (of exocrine glands) producing a secretion in which part of the secreting cell is released with the secretion
  • appearance -  the act of appearing in public view; pretending that something is the case in order to make a good impression; formal attendance (in court or at a hearing) of a party in an action; outward or visible aspect of a person or thing; a mental representation; the event of coming into sight
  • application -  a diligent effort; the work of applying something; the act of bringing something to bear; using it for a particular purpose; a verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school; a program that gives a computer instructions that provide the user with tools to accomplish a task; liquid preparation having a soothing or antiseptic or medicinal action when applied to the skin
  • applied -  concerned with concrete problems or data rather than with fundamental principles; opposed to theoretical; put into practice or put to use; that are used
  • appropriate -  suitable for a particular person or place or condition etc; suitable and fitting; meant or adapted for an occasion or use; being of striking appropriateness and pertinence; appropriate for achieving a particular end; implies a lack of concern for fairness; verb take possession of by force, as after an invasion; give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause
  • approved -  generally or especially officially judged acceptable or satisfactory; established by authority; given authoritative approval
  • arachis -  a genus of plants with pods that ripen underground (see peanut)
  • arteriosclerosis obliterans -  a stage of arteriosclerosis involving closure of blood vessels
  • arteritis -  inflammation of an artery
  • arthritis -  inflammation of a joint or joints
  • arthropathy -  a pathology or abnormality of a joint
  • aspergillosis -  disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ears and respiratory organs; an opportunistic infection by a fungus of the genus Aspergillus; characterized by inflammation and lesions of the ear and other organs; severe respiratory disease of birds that takes the form of an acute rapidly fatal pneumonia in young chickens and turkeys
  • assessment -  the market value set on assets; an amount determined as payable; the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
  • associated -  related to or accompanying; joined in some kind of relationship (as a colleague or ally or companion etc.)
  • astringent -  tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue; sour or bitter in taste;  a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals
  • ataxia -  inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
  • atherosclerosis -  a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • athlete's foot -  fungal infection of the feet
  • atopic dermatitis -  a severe form of dermatitis characterized by atopy
  • atopic eczema -  a severe form of dermatitis characterized by atopy
  • atrophy -  any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use); a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse; verb undergo atrophy
  • autoimmune disease -  any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues
  • autoimmune -  of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body
  • automatic -  operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control; like the unthinking functioning of a machine; without volition or conscious control;  a pistol that will keep firing until the ammunition is gone or the trigger is released; light machine gun
  • available -  obtainable or accessible and ready for use or service; convenient for use or disposal; not busy; not otherwise committed
  • avoidance -  deliberately avoiding; keeping away from or preventing from happening
  • bacitracin -  a polypeptide antibiotic of known chemical structure effective against several types of Gram-positive organisms; usually applied locally
  • bacterial -  relating to or caused by bacteria
  • balanitis -  inflammation of the head of the penis
  • bang's disease -  an infectious disease of domestic animals often resulting in spontaneous abortion; transmittable to human beings
  • barber's itch -  fungal infection of the face and neck
  • barrier -  a structure or object that impedes free movement; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective; anything serving to maintain separation by obstructing vision or access
  • bathing -  immersing the body in water or sunshine; the act of washing yourself (or another person)
  • bed bug -  bug of temperate regions that infests especially beds and feeds on human blood
  • bedtime -  the time you go to bed
  • benign -  pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence; kindness of disposition or manner; not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
  • benzoate -  any salt or ester of benzoic acid
  • bergen -  a port city in southwestern Norway
  • biting -  causing a sharply painful or stinging sensation; used especially of cold; capable of wounding
  • black death -  the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe
  • blastomycosis -  any of several infections of the skin or mucous membrane caused by Blastomyces
  • bleb -  (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid
  • blindness -  the state of being blind or lacking sight
  • blister -  (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid;  get blistered; cause blisters to from on; subject to harsh criticism
  • bloch -  United States composer (born in Switzerland) who composed symphonies and chamber music and choral music and a piano sonata and an opera (1880-1959)
  • blood blister -  blister containing blood or bloody serum usually caused by an injury
  • bloom -  a rosy color (especially in the cheeks) taken as a sign of good health; the best time of youth; a powdery deposit on a surface; reproductive organ of angiosperm plants especially one having showy or colorful parts; the organic process of bearing flowers; the period of greatest prosperity or productivity;  produce or yield flowers
  • blue-grey -  of grey tinged with blue
  • blurred -  unclear in form or expression; indistinct or hazy in outline
  • borrelia burgdorferi -  cause of Lyme disease; transmitted primarily by ticks of genus Ixodes
  • borrelia -  cause of e.g. European and African relapsing fever
  • botulinum toxin -  any of several neurotoxins that are produced by the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum; causes muscle paralysis
  • boutonneuse fever -  a disease (common in India and around the Mediterranean area) caused by a rickettsia that is transmitted to humans by a reddish brown tick (ixodid) that lives on dogs and other mammals
  • boxer -  a breed of stocky medium-sized short-haired dog with a brindled coat and square-jawed muzzle developed in Germany; someone who fights with his fists for sport; a member of a nationalistic Chinese secret society that led an unsuccessful rebellion in 1900 against foreign interests in China; a workman employed to pack things into containers
  • bracelet -  jewelry worn around the wrist for decoration; a band of cloth or leather or metal links attached to a wristwatch and wrapped around the wrist
  • bridges -  United States labor leader who organized the longshoremen (1901-1990)
  • brill -  European food fish
  • brooke -  English lyric poet (1887-1915)
  • brucellosis -  infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products; characterized by fever and headache; an infectious disease of domestic animals often resulting in spontaneous abortion; transmittable to human beings
  • bubonic plague -  the most common form of the plague in humans; characterized by chills, prostration, delirium and the formation of buboes in the armpits and groin; does not spread from person to person
  • burn center -  a center where patients with severe burns can be treated
  • calamine -  a white mineral; a common ore of zinc
  • calcium -  a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • callus -  (botany) an isolated thickening of tissue, especially a stiff protuberance on the lip of an orchid; bony tissue formed during the healing of a fractured bone; an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot);  form a callus or calluses; cause a callus to form on
  • cambridge -  a city in eastern England on the River Cam; site of Cambridge University; a city in Massachusetts just north of Boston; site of Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; a university in England
  • camphor -  a resin obtained from the camphor tree; used in making celluloid and liniment
  • candidiasis -  an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)
  • capillary -  long and slender with a very small internal diameter; of or relating to hair;  a tube of small internal diameter; holds liquid by capillary action; any of the minute blood vessels connecting arterioles with venules
  • carbuncle -  an infection larger than a boil and with several openings for discharge of pus; deep-red cabochon garnet cut without facets
  • carcinoid -  a small tumor (benign or malignant) arising from the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract; usually associated with excessive secretion of serotonin
  • carcinoma -  any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer
  • cardiac -  of or relating to the heart
  • carriage -  a vehicle with wheels drawn by one or more horses; a machine part that carries something else; characteristic way of bearing one's body; a small vehicle with four wheels in which a baby or child is pushed around; a railcar where passengers ride
  • cartilage -  tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults
  • cat scratch disease -  a disease thought to be transmitted to humans by a scratch from a cat
  • cauliflower ear -  an auricle deformed by injury; common among boxers
  • causative -  producing an effect
  • cause -  a justification for something existing or happening; events that provide the generative force that is the origin of something; any entity that produces an effect or is responsible for events or results; a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end; a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy; verb give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally; cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner
  • causing -  the act of causing something to happen
  • cellulitis -  an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
  • central nervous system -  the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
  • central -  in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area; centrally located and easy to reach; used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place; serving as an essential component;  a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • centripetal -  tending to move toward a center; of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system; tending to unify
  • cetrimide -  a cationic detergent that is a powerful disinfectant
  • chafing -  soreness or irritation of the skin caused by friction
  • chancre -  a small hard painless nodule at the site of entry of a pathogen (as syphilis)
  • chancroid -  infectious venereal ulcer
  • channel -  a passage for water (or other fluids) to flow through; a television station and its programs; a path over which electrical signals can pass; (often plural) a means of communication or access; a deep and relatively narrow body of water (as in a river or a harbor or a strait linking two larger bodies) that allows the best passage for vessels; a way of selling a company's product either directly or via distributors; a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance; a long narrow furrow cut either by a natural process (such as erosion) or by a tool (as e.g. a groove in a phonograph record); verb direct the flow of; send from one person or place to another; transmit or serve as the medium for transmission
  • charcoal -  of a very dark grey;  a stick of black carbon material used for drawing; a drawing made with a stick of black carbon material; a very dark grey color; a carbonaceous material obtained by heating wood or other organic matter in the absence of air; verb draw, trace, or represent with charcoal
  • charcot -  French neurologist who tried to use hypnotism to cure hysteria (1825-1893)
  • cheapness -  tastelessness by virtue of being cheap and vulgar; a price below the standard price
  • checked -  patterned with alternating squares of color; held back from some action especially by force
  • cheek -  either side of the face below the eyes; impudent aggressiveness; either of the two large fleshy masses of muscular tissue that form the human rump; an impudent statement;  speak impudently to
  • cheilitis -  inflammation and cracking of the skin of the lips
  • cherry -  of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies;  a red fruit with a single hard stone; any of numerous trees and shrubs producing a small fleshy round fruit with a single hard stone; many also produce a valuable hardwood; wood of any of various cherry trees especially the black cherry; a red the color of ripe cherries
  • chickenpox -  an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus; causes a rash of vesicles on the face and body
  • chilblains -  inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture
  • childbearing -  relating to or suitable for childbirth;  the parturition process in human beings; having a baby; the process of giving birth to a child
  • chloasma -  a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
  • chlorate -  any salt of chloric acid
  • chloride -  any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion); any compound containing a chlorine atom
  • cholinergic -  releasing or activated by acetylcholine or a related compound
  • christ -  any expected deliverer; a teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth; his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity (circa 4 BC - AD 29)
  • chromoblastomycosis -  a fungal infection characterized by itchy warty nodules on the skin
  • chronic -  being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • cimetidine -  a drug (trade name Tagamet) used to treat peptic ulcers by decreasing the secretion of stomach acid
  • cimex -  type genus of the Cimicidae: bedbugs
  • circumstances -  a person's financial situation (good or bad); the state (usually personal) with regard to wealth; your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you)
  • classification -  restriction imposed by the government on documents or weapons that are available only to certain authorized people; the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories; a group of people or things arranged by class or category; the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type
  • classified -  arranged into classes; official classification of information or documents; withheld from general circulation;  a short ad in a newspaper or magazine (usually in small print) and appearing along with other ads of the same type
  • clavus -  a hard thickening of the skin (especially on the top or sides of the toes) caused by the pressure of ill-fitting shoes
  • cleanser -  a preparation used in cleaning something
  • clearance -  permission to proceed; the distance by which one thing clears another; the space between them; vertical space available to allow easy passage under something
  • clioquinol -  drug used to treat certain fungal infection (as athlete's foot)
  • clostridial myonecrosis -  (pathology) a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death; can be used as a bioweapon
  • clothing -  a covering designed to be worn on a person's body
  • clubbing -  a condition in which the ends of toes and fingers become wide and thick; a symptom of heart or lung disease
  • coccidioidomycosis -  an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
  • cold -  lacking the warmth of life; of a seeker; far from the object sought; unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication; feeling or showing no enthusiasm; having lost freshness through passage of time; used of physical coldness; having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration; extended meanings; especially of psychological coldness; without human warmth or emotion; without compunction or human feeling; sexually unresponsive; so intense as to be almost uncontrollable; no longer new; uninteresting; marked by errorless familiarity; (color) giving no sensation of warmth;  the sensation produced by low temperatures; a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs); the absence of heat
  • collagen -  a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue; yields gelatin on boiling
  • collapse -  a mishap caused by something suddenly falling down or caving in; an abrupt failure of function or health; the act of throwing yourself down; a sudden large decline of business or the prices of stocks (especially one that causes additional failures); verb lose significance, effectiveness, or value; break down, literally or metaphorically; cause to burst; fold or close up; collapse due to fatigue, an illness, or a sudden attack; suffer a nervous breakdown; fall apart
  • collodion -  a colorless syrupy solution of pyroxylin in ether and alcohol; used as a coating for wounds or photographic films
  • combination -  the act of combining things to form a new whole; the act of arranging elements into specified groups without regard to order; a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities; an alliance of people or corporations or countries for a special purpose (formerly to achieve some antisocial end but now for general political or economic purposes); a group of people (often temporary) having a common purpose; a sequence of numbers or letters that opens a combination lock; a coordinated sequence of chess moves
  • combine -  harvester that heads and threshes and cleans grain while moving across the field; an occurrence that results in things being united; a consortium of independent organizations formed to limit competition by controlling the production and distribution of a product or service; verb add together from different sources; join for a common purpose or in a common action; put or add together; mix together different elements; gather in a mass, sum, or whole; combine so as to form a whole; mix; have or possess in combination
  • combined -  made or joined or united into one; involving the joint activity of two or more
  • comedo -  a black-tipped plug clogging a pore of the skin
  • comment -  a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material; a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief; a report (often malicious) about the behavior of other people; verb explain or interpret something; make or write a comment on; provide interlinear explanations for words or phrases
  • common -  having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual; belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public; commonly encountered; being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language; of or associated with the great masses of people; to be expected; standard; common to or shared by two or more parties; lacking refinement or cultivation or taste; of low or inferior quality or value;  a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
  • commonly -  under normal conditions
  • complete -  having every necessary or normal part or component or step; having come or been brought to a conclusion; perfect and complete in every respect; having all necessary qualities; without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers; highly skilled; verb bring to a whole, with all the necessary parts or elements; come or bring to a finish or an end; write all the required information onto a form; complete a pass; complete or carry out
  • complicated -  difficult to analyze or understand
  • component -  an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system; an abstract part of something; something determined in relation to something that includes it
  • compound -  of leaf shapes; of leaves composed of several similar parts or lobes; consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts; composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony;  an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient); a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts; (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight; verb put or add together; combine so as to form a whole; mix; create by mixing or combining; calculate principal and interest; make more intense, stronger, or more marked
  • compounded -  combined into or constituting a chemical compound
  • concentration -  strengthening the amount of a substance in a unit amount of another substance (as of a solute in a mixture) by removing the other substance; bringing together military forces; (chemistry) the strength of a solution; number of molecules of a substance in a given volume (expressed as moles/cubic meter); the spatial property of being crowded together; complete attention; intense mental effort; increase in density; great and constant diligence and attention
  • concern -  something that interests you because it is important or affects you; something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness; a feeling of sympathy for someone or something; an anxious feeling; a commercial or industrial enterprise and the people who constitute it; verb be on the mind of; have to do with or be relevant to
  • concomitant -  following as a consequence;  an event or situation that happens at the same time as or in connection with another
  • condition -  the procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition; an assumption on which rests the validity or effect of something else; (usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement; a mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing; a state at a particular time; the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases `in condition' or `in shape' or `out of condition' or `out of shape'); information that should be kept in mind when making a decision; verb apply conditioner to in order to make smooth and shiny; put into a better state; establish a conditioned response; specify as a condition or requirement in a contract or agreement; make an express demand or provision in an agreement; train by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control
  • conditioner -  exercise that conditions the body; a substance used in washing (clothing or hair) to make things softer; a trainer of athletes
  • conform - verb be similar, be in line with; adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions
  • confuse - verb mistake one thing for another; make unclear, indistinct, or blurred; make unclear or incomprehensible; be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly; cause to feel embarrassment; assemble without order or sense
  • congenital -  present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • conglobate - verb assume a globular shape
  • connective -  connecting or tending to connect;  an instrumentality that connects; an uninflected function word that serves to conjoin words or phrases or clauses or sentences
  • consent -  permission to do something; verb give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to
  • contact dermatitis -  a delayed type of allergic reaction of the skin resulting from skin contact with a specific allergen (such as poison ivy)
  • contact -  close interaction; the act of touching physically; (electronics) a junction where things (as two electrical conductors) touch or are in physical contact; a thin curved glass or plastic lens designed to fit over the cornea in order to correct vision or to deliver medication; a communicative interaction; the physical coming together of two or more things; a person who is in a position to give you special assistance; the state or condition of touching or of being in immediate proximity; a channel for communication between groups; verb be in or establish communication with; be in direct physical contact with; make contact
  • contain - verb be capable of holding or containing; be divisible by; hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of; lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; include or contain; have as a component; contain or hold; have within
  • continually -  seemingly without interruption
  • continuous -  continuing in time or space without interruption; of a function or curve; extending without break or irregularity
  • contraception -  birth control by the use of devices (diaphragm or intrauterine device or condom) or drugs or surgery
  • contraceptive -  capable of preventing conception or impregnation;  an agent or device intended to prevent conception
  • control -  the activity of managing or exerting control over something; (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc; a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine; power to direct or determine; the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.; a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance; a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another; discipline in personal and social activities; great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity; a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment; the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; verb verify by using a duplicate register for comparison; exercise authoritative control or power over; lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard, of scientific experiments; have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of; be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; handle and cause to function; control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage
  • convenient -  easy to reach; suited to your comfort or purpose or needs; large and roomy (`convenient' is archaic in this sense)
  • conventional -  following accepted customs and proprieties; unimaginative and conformist; (weapons) using energy for propulsion or destruction that is not nuclear energy; in accord with or being a tradition or practice accepted from the past; conforming with accepted standards; represented in simplified or symbolic form; rigidly formal or bound by convention
  • corn -  something sentimental or trite; ears of corn grown for human food; tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties; the principal cereal in Mexico and Central and South America since pre-Columbian times; (Great Britain) any of various cereal plants (especially the dominant crop of the region--wheat in England or oats in Scotland and Ireland); the dried grains or kernels or corn used as animal feed or ground for meal; a hard thickening of the skin (especially on the top or sides of the toes) caused by the pressure of ill-fitting shoes; whiskey distilled from a mash of not less than 80 percent corn;  preserve with salt; feed (cattle) with corn
  • corrected -  having something undesirable neutralized; punished for misbehavior
  • cosmetic -  serving an aesthetic purpose in beautifying the body; serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose;  a toiletry designed to beautify the body
  • counter -  indicating opposition or resistance;  in the opposite direction;  table consisting of a horizontal surface over which business is transacted; a calculator that keeps a record of the number of times something happens; a piece of leather forming the back of a shoe or boot; game equipment used in various card or board games; (computer science) a register whose contents go through a regular series of states (usually states indicating consecutive integers); a person who counts things; a return punch (especially by a boxer); a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers; a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one); verb speak in response; act in advance of; deal with ahead of time
  • course -  as might be expected;  a mode of action; education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings; facility consisting of a circumscribed area of land or water laid out for a sport; (construction) a layer of masonry; part of a meal served at one time; a connected series of events or actions or developments; general line of orientation; a line or route along which something travels or moves; verb hunt with hounds; move swiftly through or over; move along, of liquids
  • covered -  overlaid or spread or topped with or enclosed within something; sometimes used as a combining form
  • covering -  the act of protecting something by covering it; an artifact that covers something else (usually to protect or shelter or conceal it); a natural object that covers or envelops; the work of applying something; the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it
  • cowpox -  a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
  • crab louse -  infests the pubic region of the human body
  • crabs -  infestation of the pubic hair by crab lice
  • cradle cap -  a dermatitis of the scalp that is common in infants
  • cryptococcosis -  a fungal infection characterized by nodular lesions--first in the lungs and spreading to the nervous system
  • curettage -  surgery to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity (as the uterus) by scraping with a curette
  • current -  occurring in or belonging to the present time;  a steady flow (usually from natural causes); a flow of electricity through a conductor; dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas
  • cutaneous leishmaniasis -  leishmaniasis of the skin; characterized by ulcerative skin lesions
  • cutaneous -  relating to or existing on or affecting the skin
  • cyanosis -  a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes; a sign that oxygen in the blood is dangerously diminished (as in carbon monoxide poisoning)
  • cyclic neutropenia -  neutropenia that occurs periodically
  • cystic -  of or relating to or resembling a cyst; of or relating to a normal cyst (as the gallbladder or urinary bladder)
  • cytochrome -  (biochemistry) a class of hemoprotein whose principle biological function is electron transfer (especially in cellular respiration)
  • cytology -  the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells
  • dandruff -  loose scales shed from the scalp; a condition in which white scales of dead skin are shed by the scalp
  • dangerous -  causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm; involving or causing danger or risk; liable to hurt or harm
  • dapsone -  antibacterial drug used to treat leprosy and some kinds of skin diseases
  • darier's disease -  a rare hereditary condition marked by dark crusted patches (sometimes containing pus)
  • davis -  United States film actress (1908-1989); United States tennis player who donated the Davis Cup for international team tennis competition (1879-1945); American statesman; president of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War (1808-1889); United States jazz musician; noted for his trumpet style (1926-1991); United States painter who developed an American version of cubism (1894-1964); English navigator who explored the Arctic while searching for the Northwest Passage (1550-1605)
  • death -  the act of killing; the event of dying or departure from life; the personification of death; the permanent end of all life functions in an organism or part of an organism; the absence of life or state of being dead; the time at which life ends; continuing until dead; the time when something ends; a final state
  • decrease -  the act of decreasing or reducing something; the amount by which something decreases; a change downward; a process of becoming smaller or shorter; verb decrease in size, extent, or range; make smaller
  • decreased -  made less in size or amount or degree
  • decubitus ulcer -  a chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it (as in bedridden patients)
  • deer fly fever -  a highly infectious disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals
  • deficiency -  lack of an adequate quantity or number; the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  • deficient -  inadequate in amount or degree; falling short of some prescribed norm; of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement
  • deity -  any supernatural being worshipped as controlling some part of the world or some aspect of life or who is the personification of a force
  • delayed -  caused to be slower or later; not as far along as normal in development
  • delhi boil -  leishmaniasis of the skin; characterized by ulcerative skin lesions
  • dependent -  addicted to a drug; contingent on something else; not independent; (of a clause) unable to stand alone syntactically as a complete sentence; being under the power or sovereignty of another or others; supported from above;  a person who relies on another person for support (especially financial support)
  • depigmentation -  absence or loss of pigmentation (or less than normal pigmentation) in the skin or hair
  • depression -  pushing down; sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy; angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object); a concavity in a surface produced by pressing; a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity; a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment; a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment; a sunken or depressed geological formation; a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention; an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
  • dermabrasion -  removal of scars or tattoos by anesthetizing the skin surface and then sanding or scraping off some of the outer skin layer
  • dermatitis -  inflammation of the skin; skin becomes itchy and may develop blisters
  • dermatoglyphics -  the study of the whorls and loops and arches in the fingertips and on the palms of the hand and the soles of the feet
  • dermatological -  of or relating to or practicing dermatology
  • dermatology -  the branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases
  • dermatomycosis -  fungal infection of the skin (especially of moist parts covered by clothing)
  • dermatomyositis -  myositis characterized by weakness of limb and neck muscles and much muscle pain and selling accompanied by skin rash affecting cheeks and eyelids and neck and chest and limbs; progression and severity vary among individuals
  • dermatophytosis -  fungal infection of the skin (especially of moist parts covered by clothing)
  • dermis -  the deep vascular inner layer of the skin
  • dermoid cyst -  a cystic tumor (usually benign) with a wall lined with epithelium and a cavity containing other material
  • desert rheumatism -  an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
  • desquamation -  loss of bits of outer skin by peeling or shedding or coming off in scales
  • destruction -  the termination of something by causing so much damage to it that it cannot be repaired or no longer exists; an event (or the result of an event) that completely destroys something; a final state
  • details -  true confidential information
  • detecting -  a police investigation to determine the perpetrator
  • deterioration -  process of changing to an inferior state; a symptom of reduced quality or strength
  • determined -  having been learned or found or determined especially by investigation; characterized by great determination; determined or decided upon as by an authority; devoting full strength and concentrated attention to; strongly motivated to succeed
  • development -  act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining; (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated; a recent event that has some relevance for the present situation; a district that has been developed to serve some purpose; processing a photosensitive material in order to make an image visible; a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage); a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess); the act of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful; (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • dexamethasone -  a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
  • diabetes mellitus -  diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
  • diabetes -  any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
  • diagnosis -  identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • diana -  (Roman mythology) virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon; counterpart of Greek Artemis; English aristocrat who was the first wife of Prince Charles; her death in an automobile accident in Paris produced intense national mourning (1961-1997)
  • diaper dermatitis -  dermatitis of the thighs and buttocks of infants; supposedly caused by ammonia in the urine in the child's diapers
  • diet -  the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods); the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal); a prescribed selection of foods; a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan); verb eat sparingly, for health reasons or to lose weight; follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons
  • different -  differing from all others; not ordinary; unlike in nature or quality or form or degree; distinctly separate from the first; distinct or separate; marked by dissimilarity
  • differential diagnosis -  a systematic method of diagnosing a disorder (e.g., headache) that lacks unique symptoms or signs
  • digital -  of a circuit or device that represents magnitudes in digits; relating to or performed with the fingers; displaying numbers rather than scale positions
  • digoxin -  digitalis preparation (trade name Lanoxin) used to treat congestive heart failure or cardiac arrhythmia; helps the heart beat more forcefully
  • diluent -  a diluting agent
  • diluted -  reduced in strength or concentration or quality or purity; made less strong or severe
  • dioxide -  an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule
  • diphenhydramine -  antihistamine (trade name Benadryl) used to treat allergic reactions involving the nasal passages (hay fever) and also to treat motion sickness
  • diplomat -  an official engaged in international negotiations; a person who deals tactfully with others
  • disability -  the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
  • discoid lupus erythematosus -  a chronic skin disease occurring primarily in women between the ages of 20 and 40; characterized by an eruption of red lesions over the cheeks and bridge of the nose
  • discoid -  having a flat circular shape
  • discomfort -  an uncomfortable feeling of mental painfulness or distress; the state of being tense and feeling pain
  • disease -  an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • disfigurement -  an appearance that has been spoiled or is misshapen; the act of damaging the appearance or surface of something
  • disinfection -  treatment to destroy harmful microorganisms
  • disorder -  a disturbance of the peace or of public order; condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning; a condition in which things are not in their expected places; verb bring disorder to; disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
  • dissolved -  (of solid matter) reduced to a liquid form
  • disturbance -  the act of disturbing something or someone; setting something in motion; a disorderly outburst or tumult; an unhappy and worried mental state; a noisy fight; activity that is an intrusion or interruption; electrical or acoustic activity that can disturb communication; (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness
  • divided -  distributed in portions (often equal) on the basis of a plan or purpose; having a median strip or island between lanes of traffic moving in opposite directions; separated into parts or pieces
  • doxycycline -  an antibiotic derived from tetracycline that is effective against many infections
  • dracunculiasis -  a painful and debilitating infestation contracted by drinking stagnant water contaminated with Guinea worm larvae that can mature inside a human's abdomen until the worm emerges through a painful blister in the person's skin
  • dressing -  the act of applying a bandage; the activity of getting dressed; putting on clothes; processes in the conversion of rough hides into leather; a cloth covering for a wound or sore; savory dressings for salads; basically of two kinds: either the thin French or vinaigrette type or the creamy mayonnaise type; making fertile as by applying fertilizer or manure; a mixture of seasoned ingredients used to stuff meats and vegetables
  • driving -  having the power of driving or impelling; acting with vigor;  the act of controlling and steering the movement of a vehicle or animal; hitting a golf ball off of a tee with a driver
  • drowsiness -  a very sleepy state
  • dryness -  the condition of not containing or being covered by a liquid (especially water); objectivity and detachment; moderation in or abstinence from alcohol or other drugs
  • dumdum fever -  leishmaniasis of the viscera
  • dysfunction -  (medicine) any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part
  • ebola virus -  a filovirus that causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever; carried by animals; can be used as a bioweapon
  • ebola -  a severe and often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) caused by the Ebola virus; characterized by high fever and severe internal bleeding; can be spread from person to person; is largely limited to Africa
  • ecchymosis -  the escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels into the surrounding tissue to form a purple or black-and-blue spot on the skin; the purple or black-and-blue area resulting from a bruise
  • eccrine -  (of exocrine glands) producing a clear aqueous secretion without releasing part of the secreting cell; important in regulating body temperature
  • echinococcosis -  infestation with larval echinococci (tapeworms)
  • ectrodactyly -  congenital abnormality involving the absence of some fingers or toes
  • eczema herpeticum -  eczema characterized by a feverish condition and widespread eruption of vesicles; most common in children
  • eczema marginatum -  fungal infection of the groin (most common in men)
  • eczema vaccinatum -  a now rare complication of vaccinia superimposed on atopic dermatitis with high fever and generalized vesicles and papulovesicles
  • eczema -  generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin; particularly with vesiculation in the acute stages
  • effective -  existing in fact; not theoretical; real; able to accomplish a purpose; functioning effectively; exerting force or influence; producing or capable of producing an intended result or having a striking effect; works well as a means or remedy; ready for service
  • effectiveness -  power to be effective; the quality of being able to bring about an effect; capacity to produce strong physiological or chemical effects
  • effects -  property of a personal character that is portable but not used in business
  • ekbom syndrome -  feeling of uneasiness and restlessness in the legs after going to bed (sometimes causing insomnia); may be relieved temporarily by walking or moving the legs
  • electrosurgery -  surgery performed with electrical devices (as in electrocautery)
  • elephantiasis -  hypertrophy of certain body parts (usually legs and scrotum); the end state of the disease filariasis
  • elicitation -  stimulation that calls up (draws forth) a particular class of behaviors
  • eliminate - verb kill in large numbers; terminate or take out; remove (an unknown variable) from two or more equations; remove from a contest or race; eliminate from the body; dismiss from consideration or a contest; do away with
  • elimination -  the murder of a competitor; the act of removing or getting rid of something; the act of removing an unknown mathematical quantity by combining equations; analysis of a problem into alternative possibilities followed by the systematic rejection of unacceptable alternatives; the bodily process of discharging waste matter
  • elsewhere -  in or to another place
  • emollient -  having a softening or soothing effect especially to the skin;  toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin
  • emulsion -  a light-sensitive coating on paper or film; consists of fine grains of silver bromide suspended in a gelatin; (chemistry) a colloid in which both phases are liquids
  • enanthem -  eruption on a mucous membrane (as the inside of the mouth) occurring as a symptom of a disease
  • endemic typhus -  acute infection caused by rickettsia and transmitted by the bite of an infected flea; characterized by fever and chills and muscle aches and a rash
  • endometrial -  of or relating to the endometrium
  • english -  of or relating to or characteristic of England or its culture or people; of or relating to the English language;  the discipline that studies the English language and literature; an Indo-European language belonging to the West Germanic branch; the official language of Britain and the United States and most of the commonwealth countries; (sports) the spin given to a ball by striking it on one side or releasing it with a sharp twist; the people of England
  • enhanced -  increased or intensified in value or beauty or quality
  • enteropathy -  a disease of the intestinal tract
  • eosinophilia -  a symptom of allergic states; increased eosinophils in the blood
  • epidemiology -  the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
  • epidermal -  of or relating to a cuticle or cuticula
  • epidermis -  the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates
  • epinephrine -  a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • epstein -  British sculptor (born in the United States) noted for busts and large controversial works (1880-1959)
  • ergotamine -  an alkaloid derived from ergot that is less toxic than ergot; causes constriction of blood vessels and is used to treat migraine
  • eruption -  the emergence of a tooth as it breaks through the gum; (of volcanos) pouring out fumes of lava (or a deposit so formed); symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible; a sudden very loud noise; a sudden violent spontaneous occurrence (usually of some undesirable condition); the sudden occurrence of a violent discharge of steam and volcanic material
  • eruptive -  actively spewing out lava; "a geyser is an intermittently eruptive hot spring"; producing or characterized by eruptions; produced by the action of fire or intense heat
  • erysipelas -  an acute streptococcal infection characterized by deep-red inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes
  • erythema multiforme -  a red rash caused by hypersensitivity to a drug or disease or other allergen
  • erythema nodosum -  skin condition characterized by tender red nodules on the shins and legs
  • erythema -  abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels (as in sunburn or inflammation)
  • erythroderma -  any skin disorder involving abnormal redness
  • erythropoietic -  of or relating to the formation of red blood cells
  • eschar -  a dry scab formed on the skin following a burn or cauterization of the skin
  • especially -  to a distinctly greater extent or degree than is common; in a special manner
  • essentially -  at bottom or by one's (or its) very nature
  • examination -  the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes); the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned; a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge; a detailed inspection of your conscience (as done daily by Jesuits); formal systematic questioning
  • exceptional -  deviating widely from a norm of physical or mental ability; used especially of children below normal in intelligence; surpassing what is common or usual or expected; far beyond what is usual in magnitude or degree
  • excessive -  beyond normal limits; unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings
  • excision -  the act of pulling up or out; uprooting; cutting off from existence; the act of banishing a member of a church from the communion of believers and the privileges of the church; cutting a person off from a religious society; surgical removal of a body part or tissue; the omission that is made when an editorial change shortens a written passage
  • excited -  in an aroused state; (of persons) excessively affected by emotion; (of e.g. a molecule) made reactive or more reactive; marked by uncontrolled excitement or emotion
  • exclude - verb prevent from being included or considered or accepted; prevent from entering; shut out; lack or fail to include; prevent from entering; keep out; put out or expel from a place
  • excretion -  the bodily process of discharging waste matter; waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
  • exogenous -  derived or originating externally
  • exposed -  not covered with clothing; with no protection or shield
  • exposure -  the act of subjecting someone to an influencing experience; abandoning without shelter or protection (as by leaving as infant out in the open); presentation to view in an open or public manner; the act of exposing film to light; vulnerability to the elements; to the action of heat or cold or wind or rain; aspect re light or wind; the disclosure of something secret; the intensity of light falling on a photographic film or plate; a picture of a person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a camera on light-sensitive material; the state of being vulnerable or exposed
  • extensive -  large in spatial extent or range or scope or quantity; of agriculture; increasing productivity by using large areas with minimal outlay and labor; broad in scope or content
  • extract -  a passage selected from a larger work; a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water); verb calculate the root of a number; remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense; separate (a metal) from an ore; get despite difficulties or obstacles; extract by the process of distillation; take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy; obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action; deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning)
  • facial -  of or pertaining to the outside surface of an object; of or concerning the face;  care for the face that usually involves cleansing and massage and the application of cosmetic creams; cranial nerve that supplies facial muscles
  • failure -  an unexpected omission; an act that fails; an event that does not accomplish its intended purpose; a person with a record of failing; someone who loses consistently; loss of ability to function normally; lack of success; inability to discharge all your debts as they come due
  • favus -  a contagious fungal infection of the scalp; occurs mainly in Africa and the Middle East
  • feasible -  capable of being done with means at hand and circumstances as they are
  • federal -  national; especially in reference to the government of the United States as distinct from that of its member units; characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authorities; of or relating to the central government of a federation; being of or having to do with the northern United States and those loyal to the Union during the American Civil War;  any federal law-enforcement officer; a member of the Union Army during the American Civil War
  • feeding -  the act of supplying food and nourishment; the act of consuming food
  • feminize - verb to give a (more) feminine, effeminate, or womanly quality or appearance to; assume (more) feminine characteristics
  • fertility -  the state of being fertile; capable of producing offspring; the property of producing abundantly and sustaining vigorous and luxuriant growth; the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 population per year
  • fibrinolysin -  an enzyme that dissolves the fibrin of blood clots
  • fibroma -  nonmalignant tumor of connective tissue
  • fibrosis -  development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ
  • filariasis -  a disease caused by nematodes in the blood or tissues of the body causing blockage of lymphatic vessels
  • fischer -  United States chess master; world champion from 1972 to 1975 (born in 1943); German chemist noted for work on synthetic sugars and the purines (1852-1919); German chemist noted for his synthesis of hemin (1881-1945)
  • fixed -  incapable of being changed or moved or undone; e.g. "frozen prices"; (of a number) having a fixed and unchanging value; securely placed or fastened or set; fixed and unmoving; (of taxes) not increasing as the amount taxed increases
  • flare-up -  a sudden violent happening
  • fluorouracil -  an antimetabolite used to treat certain cancers
  • folliculitis -  inflammation of a hair follicle
  • following -  about to be mentioned or specified; immediately following in time or order; going or proceeding or coming after in the same direction; in the desired direction;  a group of followers or enthusiasts; the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture
  • formation -  the fabrication of something in a particular shape; creation by mental activity; a particular spatial arrangement; an arrangement of people or things acting as a unit; natural process that causes something to form; the act of forming something; (geology) the geological features of the earth
  • fragility -  lack of physical strength; quality of being easily damaged or destroyed
  • frank -  clearly manifest; evident; characterized by directness in manner or speech; without subtlety or evasion;  a smooth-textured sausage of minced beef or pork usually smoked; often served on a bread roll; a member of the ancient Germanic peoples who spread from the Rhine into the Roman Empire in the 4th century;  exempt by means of an official pass or letter, as from customs or other checks; stamp with a postmark to indicate date and time of mailing
  • freckle -  a small brownish spot (of the pigment melanin) on the skin;  mark with freckles; become freckled
  • freeman -  a person who is not a serf or a slave
  • frequently -  many times at short intervals
  • frostbite -  destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene
  • function -  the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; what something is used for; a formal or official social gathering or ceremony; a relation such that one thing is dependent on another; a mathematical relation such that each element of one set is associated with at least one element of another set; a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program; a vaguely specified social event; verb perform as expected when applied; perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function; serve a purpose, role, or function
  • fungal -  of or relating to fungi
  • furunculosis -  acute skin disease characterized by the presence of many furuncles
  • gangrene -  necrotic tissue; a mortified or gangrenous part or mass; the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply); verb undergo necrosis
  • gardner -  writer of detective novels featuring Perry Mason (1889-1970); United States collector and patron of art who built a museum in Boston to house her collection and opened it to the public in 1903 (1840-1924)
  • gargoylism -  hereditary disease (autosomal recessive) consisting of an error is mucopolysaccharide metabolism; characterized by severe abnormalities in development of skeletal cartilage and bone and mental retardation
  • garlic-like -  resembling garlic
  • gas gangrene -  (pathology) a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death; can be used as a bioweapon
  • gastrointestinal -  of or relating to the stomach and intestines
  • gaucher's disease -  a rare chronic disorder of lipid metabolism of genetic origin
  • general -  prevailing among and common to the general public; not specialized or limited to one class of things; applying to all or most members of a category or group; of national scope; affecting the entire body; somewhat indefinite; of worldwide scope or applicability;  a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular); a general officer of the highest rank; the head of a religious order or congregation; verb command as a general
  • generalized -  spread throughout a body or system; not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
  • genetics -  the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
  • genital herpes -  an infection caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) that is usually transmitted by sexual contact; marked by recurrent attacks of painful eruptions on the skin and mucous membranes of the genital area
  • genital wart -  a small benign wart on or around the genitals and anus
  • genital -  of or relating to the external sex organs
  • genitalia -  external sex organ
  • genitals -  external sex organ
  • gingivitis -  inflammation of the gums
  • glanders -  a destructive and contagious bacterial disease of horses that can be transmitted to humans
  • glandular fever -  an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing
  • glasses -  optical instrument consisting of a pair of lenses for correcting defective vision
  • glaucoma -  increased pressure in the eyeball due to obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor; damages the optic disc and impairs vision (sometimes progressing to blindness)
  • glossitis -  inflammation of the tongue
  • glossodynia -  pain in the tongue
  • glucose -  a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • goggles -  tight-fitting spectacles worn to protect the eyes
  • gold -  made from or covered with gold; having the deep slightly brownish color of gold;  something likened to the metal in brightness or preciousness or superiority etc.; great wealth; coins made of gold; a soft yellow malleable ductile (trivalent and univalent) metallic element; occurs mainly as nuggets in rocks and alluvial deposits; does not react with most chemicals but is attacked by chlorine and aqua regia; a deep yellow color
  • gonorrhea -  a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; symptoms are painful urination and pain around the urethra
  • gradual -  proceeding in small stages; (of a topographical gradient) not steep or abrupt;  (Roman Catholic Church) an antiphon (usually from the Book of Psalms) immediately after the epistle at Mass
  • gramicidin -  an antibiotic produced by a soil bacterium; used chiefly as an antiseptic in treating local infections produced by Gram-positive bacteria
  • granulation tissue -  new connective tissue and tiny blood vessels that form on the surfaces of a wound during the healing process
  • granulation -  the act of forming something into granules or grains; new connective tissue and tiny blood vessels that form on the surfaces of a wound during the healing process
  • granuloma inguinale -  a venereal disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Calymmatobacterium; characterized by a pimply rash of the skin in the genital and groin region
  • granuloma venereum -  a venereal disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Calymmatobacterium; characterized by a pimply rash of the skin in the genital and groin region
  • gravitational -  of or relating to or caused by gravitation
  • greater -  greater in size or importance or degree
  • grevillea banksii -  tall shrub with cylindrical racemes of red flowers and pinnatifid leaves silky and grey beneath; eastern Australia
  • griseofulvin -  a kind of penicillin (a fungicidal antibiotic with the trade name Fulvicin) produced by molds of the genus Penicillium
  • groin -  the crease at the junction of the inner part of the thigh with the trunk together with the adjacent region and often including the external genitals; a protective structure of stone or concrete; extends from shore into the water to prevent a beach from washing away; verb build with groins
  • ground substance -  the clear nongranular portion of the cytoplasm of a cell; the body substance in which tissue cells are embedded
  • guidance -  the act of guiding or showing the way; something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action; the act of setting and holding a course
  • gumma -  a small rubbery granuloma that is characteristic of an advanced stage of syphilis
  • haemangioma -  benign angioma consisting of a mass of blood vessels; some appear as birthmarks
  • haematological -  of or relating to or involved in hematology
  • haematoma -  a localized swelling filled with blood
  • hair -  a filamentous projection or process on an organism; any of the cylindrical filaments characteristically growing from the epidermis of a mammal; a covering for the body (or parts of it) consisting of a dense growth of threadlike structures (as on the human head); helps to prevent heat loss; filamentous hairlike growth on a plant; cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments; a very small distance or space
  • hairy tongue -  a benign side effect of some antibiotics; dark overgrowth of the papillae of the tongue
  • half-and-half -  in equal parts;  in equal parts;  half milk and half light cream; contains 10% to 18% butterfat
  • hamartia -  the character flaw or error of a tragic hero that leads to his downfall
  • hamartoma -  a focal growth that resembles a neoplasm but results from faulty development in an organ
  • hand -  physical assistance; terminal part of the forelimb in certain vertebrates (e.g. apes or kangaroos); a rotating pointer on the face of a timepiece; the (prehensile) extremity of the superior limb; ability; one of two sides of an issue; a round of applause to signify approval; the cards held in a card game by a given player at any given time; a position given by its location to the side of an object; a member of the crew of a ship; a unit of length equal to 4 inches; used in measuring horses; something written by hand; a card player in a game of bridge; a hired laborer on a farm or ranch; verb guide or conduct or usher somewhere; place into the hands or custody of
  • hands -  (with `in') guardianship over; in divorce cases it is the right to house and care for and discipline a child; the force of workers available
  • hangnail -  a loose narrow strip of skin near the base of a fingernail; tearing it produces a painful sore that is easily infected
  • hansen's disease -  chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae
  • hawaii -  a state in the United States in the central Pacific on the Hawaiian Islands; the largest and southernmost of the Hawaii islands; has several volcanic peaks
  • head lice -  infestation of the scalp with lice
  • heat rash -  obstruction of the sweat ducts during high heat and humidity
  • heat -  the trait of being intensely emotional; the sensation caused by heat energy; a preliminary race in which the winner advances to a more important race; a form of energy that is transferred by a difference in temperature; utility to warm a building; the presence of heat; applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or period of heightened sexual arousal and activity; verb make hot or hotter; gain heat or get hot; provide with heat; arouse or excite feelings and passions
  • helpful -  showing a willingness to cooperate; providing assistance or serving a useful function; of service or assistance
  • henry -  United States physicist who studied electromagnetic phenomena (1791-1878); a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736-1799); English chemist who studied the quantities of gas absorbed by water at different temperatures and under different pressures (1775-1836); a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second
  • hepatic -  pertaining to or affecting the liver;  any of numerous small green nonvascular plants of the class Hepaticopsida growing in wet places and resembling green seaweeds or leafy mosses
  • hepatitis b -  an acute (sometimes fatal) form of viral hepatitis caused by a DNA virus that tends to persist in the blood serum and is transmitted by sexual contact or by transfusion or by ingestion of contaminated blood or other bodily fluids
  • hepatitis -  inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
  • hepatotoxic -  toxic to the liver
  • hereditary -  inherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent; tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
  • herpes labialis -  caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)
  • herpes simplex -  a herpes virus that affects the skin and nervous system; an infection caused by the herpes simples virus; affects the skin and nervous system; produces small temporary (but sometimes painful) blisters on the skin and mucous membranes
  • herpes zoster -  a herpes virus that causes shingles; eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
  • hirsutism -  excessive hairiness
  • histiocytosis -  a blood disease characterized by an abnormal multiplication of macrophages
  • histology -  the branch of biology that studies the microscopic structure of animal or plant tissues
  • history -  the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings; all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge; a record or narrative description of past events; the aggregate of past events; the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future
  • hives -  an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins; usually the result of an allergic response to insect bites or food or drugs
  • horny layer -  the outermost layer of the epidermis consisting of dead cells that slough off
  • hutchinson -  American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591-1643)
  • hydatid disease -  infestation with larval echinococci (tapeworms)
  • hydration -  the process of combining with water; usually reversible
  • hydrocortisone -  an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • hydrophilic -  having a strong affinity for water; tending to dissolve in, mix with, or be wetted by water
  • hyperhidrosis -  excessive and profuse perspiration
  • hyperparathyroidism -  excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; can affect many systems of the body (especially causing bone resorption and osteoporosis)
  • hyperplasia -  abnormal increase in number of cells
  • hypersensitivity -  extreme sensitivity; pathological sensitivity
  • hypertension -  a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
  • hyperthyroidism -  an overactive thyroid gland; pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones or the condition resulting from excessive production of thyroid hormones
  • hypodermis -  layer of cells that secretes the chitinous cuticle in e.g. arthropods
  • hypogammaglobulinemia -  an abnormally low concentration of gamma globulin in the blood and increased risk of infection
  • hypoglycaemia -  abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
  • hypoparathyroidism -  inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
  • hypopigmentation -  unusual lack of skin color
  • hypotension -  abnormally low blood pressure
  • ichthyosis -  any of several congenital diseases in which the skin is fishlike (dry and scaly)
  • imidazole -  an organic base C3H4N2; a histamine inhibitor
  • immediately -  without delay or hesitation; with no time intervening; near or close by; bearing an immediate relation
  • immunocompromised -  unable to develop a normal immune response usually because of malnutrition or immunodeficiency or immunosuppressive therapy
  • immunodeficiency -  immunological disorder in which some part of the body's immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced
  • immunoglobulin E -  one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; present primarily in the skin and mucous membranes
  • immunoglobulin -  a class of proteins produced in lymph tissue in vertebrates and that function as antibodies in the immune response
  • immunosuppressed -  of persons whose immune response is inadequate
  • impaired -  diminished in strength, quality, or utility; mentally or physically unfit
  • impairment -  damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality; the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine); the occurrence of a change for the worse; the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness; a symptom of reduced quality or strength
  • imperative -  requiring attention or action; relating to verbs in the imperative mood;  some duty that is essential and urgent; a mood that expresses an intention to influence the listener's behavior
  • impetigo -  a very contagious infection of the skin; common in children; localized redness develops into small blisters that gradually crust and erode
  • impossible -  not capable of occurring or being accomplished or dealt with; totally unlikely; used of persons or their behavior;  something that cannot be done
  • improve - verb get better; to make better
  • inadequate -  (sometimes followed by `to') not meeting the requirements especially of a task; not sufficient to meet a need
  • inappropriate -  not suitable for a particular occasion etc; not in keeping with what is correct or proper
  • incidence -  the striking of a light beam on a surface; the relative frequency of occurrence of something
  • included -  enclosed in the same envelope or package
  • inclusion body myositis -  myositis characterized by weakness of limb muscles (especially the thighs and wrists and fingers); sometimes involves swallowing muscles; onset after 50 and slowly progressive; seen more often in men than in women
  • incorporated -  introduced into as a part of the whole; organized and maintained as a legal corporation; formed or united into a whole
  • increase -  the act of increasing something; the amount by which something increases; a change resulting in an increase; a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous or more important; a quantity that is added; verb make bigger or more; become bigger or greater in amount
  • individual -  being or characteristic of a single thing or person; separate and distinct from others of the same kind; concerning one person exclusively; characteristic of or meant for a single person or thing;  a single organism; a human being
  • induction -  the act of bringing about something (especially at an early time); an electrical phenomenon whereby an electromotive force (EMF) is generated in a closed circuit by a change in the flow of current; an act that sets in motion some course of events; reasoning from detailed facts to general principles; stimulation that calls up (draws forth) a particular class of behaviors; a formal entry into an organization or position or office
  • ineffective -  lacking the ability or skill to perform effectively; inadequate; not producing an intended effect; lacking in power or forcefulness
  • inefficient -  not producing desired results; wasteful; lacking the ability or skill to perform effectively; inadequate
  • inevitable -  incapable of being avoided or prevented; invariably occurring or appearing;  an unavoidable event
  • infancy -  the earliest state of immaturity; the early stage of growth or development
  • infantile -  being or befitting or characteristic of an infant; of or relating to infants or infancy; indicating a lack of maturity
  • infection -  (international law) illegality that taints or contaminates a ship or cargo rendering it liable to seizure; moral corruption or contamination; an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted; (medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease; (phonetics) the alteration of a speech sound under the influence of a neighboring sound; the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms; the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people
  • infectious mononucleosis -  an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing
  • infectious -  easily spread; caused by infection or capable of causing infection; of or relating to infection
  • inflammation -  arousal to violent emotion; a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat; the act of setting something on fire; the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up
  • information -  (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome; knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction; a message received and understood; formal accusation of a crime; a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
  • ingredient -  a component of a mixture or compound; food that is a component of a mixture in cooking; an abstract part of something
  • ingrown hair -  a hair that does not emerge from the follicle but remains embedded in the skin (usually causing inflammation)
  • inhibit - verb limit the range or extent of; to put down by force or authority
  • inhibited -  held back or restrained or prevented
  • inhibition -  (psychology) the conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or desires; the quality of being inhibited; (physiology) the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part; the action of prohibiting or inhibiting or forbidding (or an instance thereof)
  • initially -  at the beginning
  • injection -  the forceful insertion of a substance under pressure; the act of putting a liquid into the body by means of a syringe; any solution that is injected (as into the skin)
  • instructions -  a manual usually accompanying a technical device and explaining how to install or operate it
  • insufficiency -  lack of an adequate quantity or number; (pathology) inability of a bodily part or organ to function normally; a lack of competence
  • interact - verb act together or towards others or with others
  • intermittent -  stopping and starting at irregular intervals; stopping and starting at regular intervals
  • interstitial -  of or relating to interstices
  • intertrigo -  chafing between two skin surfaces that are in contact (as in the armpit or under the breasts or between the thighs)
  • interval -  the distance between things; a set containing all points (or all real numbers) between two given endpoints; the difference in pitch between two notes; a definite length of time marked off by two instants
  • intracranial -  within the skull
  • intradermal -  relating to areas between the layers of the skin
  • intramuscular -  within a muscle
  • intramuscularly -  in an intramuscular way
  • intravenous -  within or by means of a vein
  • intravenously -  in an intravenous manner
  • involve - verb make complex or intricate or complicated; occupy or engage the interest of; wrap; contain as a part; connect closely and often incriminatingly; engage as a participant; require as useful, just, or proper; have as a necessary feature or consequence; entail
  • irritant -  something that causes irritation and annoyance
  • irritate - verb excite to an abnormal condition, of chafe or inflame; excite to some characteristic action or condition, such as motion, contraction, or nervous impulse, by the application of a stimulus; cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations
  • irritating -  causing physical discomfort; (used of physical stimuli) serving to stimulate or excite; causing irritation or annoyance
  • itching -  an irritating cutaneous sensation that produces a desire to scratch
  • itraconazole -  an oral antifungal drug (trade name Sporanox) taken for cases of fungal nail disease
  • jackson -  a town in south central Michigan; capital of the state of Mississippi on the Pearl River; a town in western Tennessee; a town in western Wyoming; 7th president of the US; successfully defended New Orleans from the British in 1815; expanded the power of the presidency (1767-1845); general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall (1824-1863); United States writer of romantic novels about the unjust treatment of Native Americans (1830-1885); United States civil rights leader who led a national campaign against racial discrimination and ran for presidential nomination (born in 1941); United States singer who did much to popularize gospel music (1911-1972); United States singer who began singing with his four brothers and later became a highly successful star during the 1980s (born in 1958); English film actress who later became a member of British Parliament (born in 1936)
  • jerusalem -  capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel; a holy city for Jews and Christians and Muslims; was the capital of an ancient kingdom
  • jock itch -  fungal infection of the groin (most common in men)
  • johnson -  17th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated; was impeached but acquitted by one vote (1808-1875); 36th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Kennedy when Kennedy was assassinated (1908-1973); English writer and lexicographer (1709-1784)
  • journalist -  a writer for newspapers and magazines; someone who keeps a diary or journal
  • juvenile rheumatoid arthritis -  a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children; large joints become inflamed and bone growth may be retarded
  • kala-azar -  leishmaniasis of the viscera
  • kanamycin -  antibiotic (trade name Kantrex) used to treat severe infections
  • kaposi's sarcoma -  a sarcoma that starts with purplish spots on the feet and legs and spreads from the skin to lymph nodes and internal organs; a common manifestation of AIDS
  • kaposi's varicelliform eruption -  a now rare complication of vaccinia superimposed on atopic dermatitis with high fever and generalized vesicles and papulovesicles
  • kawasaki disease -  an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever; of unknown cause
  • keloid -  raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury; results from excessive tissue repair
  • keratin -  a fibrous scleroprotein that occurs in the outer layer of the skin and in horny tissues such as hair feathers nails and hooves
  • keratinization -  organic process by which keratin is deposited in cells and the cells become horny (as in nails and hair)
  • keratitis -  inflammation of the cornea causing watery painful eyes and blurred vision
  • keratoacanthoma -  skin tumor that grows rapidly (especially in older people) and resembles a carcinoma but does not spread; it usually disappears spontaneously, often leaving a scar
  • keratoderma -  any skin disorder consisting of a growth that appears horny
  • keratohyalin -  hyaline in the large granules of the stratum granulosum
  • keratosis follicularis -  a rare hereditary condition marked by dark crusted patches (sometimes containing pus)
  • keratosis pilaris -  keratosis characterized by hard conical elevations in the openings of sebaceous glands (especially of arms and thighs)
  • keratosis -  a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin
  • kerion -  ringworm infection of the hair follicles of the scalp and beard that usually results in a swelling that is covered with pustules and oozes fluid
  • klein -  United States fashion designer noted for understated fashions (born in 1942); United States psychoanalyst (born in Austria) who was the first to specialize in the psychoanalysis of small children (1882-1960); German mathematician who created the Klein bottle (1849-1925)
  • kraurosis vulvae -  kraurosis of the vulva; often a precancerous lesion
  • kwashiorkor -  severe malnutrition in children resulting from a diet excessively high in carbohydrates and low in protein
  • labelled -  bearing or marked with a label or tag
  • lacquer -  a hard glossy coating; a black resinous substance obtained from certain trees and used as a natural varnish; verb coat with lacquer
  • lacrimal -  relating to or located near the organ that produces tears; of or relating to tears
  • lactating -  producing or secreting milk
  • lactation -  the production and secretion of milk by the mammary glands; the period following birth during which milk is secreted; feeding an infant by giving suck at the breast
  • lanolin -  an emollient containing wool fat (a fatty substance obtained from the wool of sheep); a yellow viscous animal oil extracted from wool; a mixture of fatty acids and esters; used in some ointments and cosmetics
  • lanugo -  the fine downy hair covering a human fetus; normally shed during the ninth month of gestation
  • largely -  in large part; mainly or chiefly; on a large scale
  • lassa fever -  an acute contagious viral disease of central western Africa; characterized by fever and inflammation and muscular pains and difficulty swallowing; can be used as a bioweapon
  • latch -  catch for fastening a door or gate; a bar that can be lowered or slid into a groove; spring-loaded doorlock that can only be opened from the outside with a key;  fasten with a latch
  • lawrence -  a town in northeastern Kansas on the Kansas River; scene of raids by John Brown in 1856; English novelist and poet and essayist whose work condemned industrial society and explored sexual relationships (1885-1930); United States physicist who developed the cyclotron (1901-1958); English actress (1898-1952); English portrait painter remembered for the series of portraits of the leaders of the alliance against Napoleon (1769-1830); Welsh soldier who from 1916 to 1918 organized the Arab revolt against the Turks; he later wrote an account of his adventures (1888-1935); Roman martyr; supposedly Lawrence was ordered by the police to give up the church's treasure and when he responded by presenting the poor people of Rome he was roasted to death on a gridiron (died in 258)
  • lead poisoning -  toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system
  • leading -  going or proceeding or going in advance; showing the way; indicating the most important performer or role; greatest in importance or degree or significance or achievement; having the leading position or higher score in a contest;  the activity of leading; thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing
  • leiomyoma -  benign tumor of smooth muscle (usually in the uterus or digestive tract)
  • leiomyosarcoma -  sarcoma of smooth muscle; occurs most often digestive tract or uterus or bladder or prostate
  • leishmaniasis americana -  a form of leishmaniasis endemic in Mexico and Central American and South America; sores are limited to the skin and mucosa
  • leishmaniasis -  sores resulting from a tropical infection by protozoa of the genus Leishmania which are spread by sandflies
  • lentigo -  a small brownish spot (of the pigment melanin) on the skin
  • lepromatous leprosy -  a very serious form of leprosy characterized by lesions that spread over much of the body and affecting many systems of the body
  • leprosy -  chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae
  • leptospirosis -  an infectious disease cause by leptospira and transmitted to humans from domestic animals; characterized by jaundice and fever
  • letterer -  a painter of letters
  • leucopenia -  an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count
  • leukaemia -  malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes; one of the four major types of cancer
  • liberia -  a republic in West Africa; established in 1822 by Americans as a way to free negro slaves
  • lichen planus -  an eruption of shiny flat-topped purplish (usually itchy) papules on the wrist and forearms and thighs
  • light-sensitive -  sensitive to visible light
  • limited -  including only a part; not unlimited; having a specific function or scope; small in range or scope; not excessive; mediocre; subject to limits or subjected to limits;  public transport consisting of a fast train or bus that makes only a few scheduled stops
  • lipoma -  a tumor consisting of fatty tissue
  • lipoprotein -  a conjugated protein having a lipid component; the principal means for transporting lipids in the blood
  • liposarcoma -  sarcoma of fat cells
  • listeriosis -  an infectious disease of animals and humans (especially newborn or immunosuppressed persons) caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes; in sheep and cattle the infection frequently involves the central nervous system and causes various neurological symptoms
  • literature -  the profession or art of a writer; the humanistic study of a body of literature; creative writing of recognized artistic value; published writings in a particular style on a particular subject
  • liver disease -  a disease affecting the liver
  • liver spot -  a type of skin disease that causes brown spots on the skin
  • local -  relating to or applicable to or concerned with the administration of a city or town or district rather than a larger area; affecting only a restricted part or area of the body; of or belonging to or characteristic of a particular locality or neighborhood;  public transport consisting of a bus or train that stops at all stations or stops; anesthetic that numbs a particular area of the body
  • localized -  made local or oriented locally; confined or restricted to a particular location
  • locally -  by a particular locality; to a restricted area of the body
  • long-term -  relating to or extending over a relatively long time
  • louis -  United States prizefighter who was world heavyweight campion for 12 years (1914-1981)
  • lowry -  English novelist (1909-1957); English painter (1887-1976)
  • lupus erythematosus -  a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)
  • lupus vulgaris -  tuberculosis of the skin; appears first on the face and heals slowly leaving deep scars
  • lupus -  a constellation in the southern hemisphere near Centaurus; any of several forms of ulcerative skin disease
  • lyme disease -  an acute inflammatory disease characterized by a rash with joint swelling and fever; caused by bacteria carried by the bite of a deer tick
  • lymphangiectasia -  dilatation of a lymph vessel
  • lymphangioma -  benign angioma consisting of a mass of lymphatic vessels
  • lymphangitis -  inflammation of a lymph vessel
  • lymphedema -  swelling (usually in the legs) caused by lymph accumulating in the tissues
  • lymphogranuloma venereum -  infectious disease caused by a species of chlamydia bacterium; transmitted by sexual contact; characterized by genital lesions and swelling of lymph nodes in the groin
  • lymphoma -  a neoplasm of lymph tissue that is usually malignant; one of the four major types of cancer
  • machinery -  machines or machine systems collectively; a system of means and activities whereby a social institution functions
  • macroglossia -  a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
  • maintained -  kept in good condition; continued in your keeping or use or memory
  • malabsorption -  abnormal absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract
  • malignant melanoma -  any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes
  • malignant -  dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor)
  • malleus -  the ossicle attached to the eardrum
  • malnutrition -  a state of poor nutrition; can result from insufficient or excessive or unbalanced diet or from inability to absorb foods
  • malta fever -  infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products; characterized by fever and headache
  • management -  the act of managing something; those in charge of running a business
  • marburg virus -  a filovirus that causes Marburg disease; carried by animals; can be used as a bioweapon
  • marshall -  United States jurist; as chief justice of the Supreme Court he established the principles of United States constitutional law (1755-1835); United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880-1959); United States actor (1914-1998); a law officer having duties similar to those of a sheriff in carrying out the judgments of a court of law; (in some countries) a military officer of highest rank
  • mask of pregnancy -  a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
  • mathematician -  a person skilled in mathematics
  • matthew -  one of the Gospels in the New Testament; includes the Sermon on the Mount; (New Testament) disciple of Jesus; traditionally considered to be the author of the first Gospel
  • measles -  an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash; occurs primarily in children
  • measure -  how much there is of something that you can quantify; any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal; musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats; the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule; measuring instrument having a sequence of marks at regular intervals; used as a reference in making measurements; a statute in draft before it becomes law; (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse; a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated; verb determine the measurements of something or somebody, take measurements of; place a value on; judge the worth of something; have certain dimensions; express as a number or measure or quantity
  • mechanical -  using (or as if using) mechanisms or tools or devices; relating to or governed by or in accordance with mechanics; relating to or concerned with machinery or tools
  • medical -  requiring or amenable to treatment by medicine especially as opposed to surgery; relating to the study or practice of medicine; of or belonging to Aesculapius or the healing art;  a thorough physical examination; includes a variety of tests depending on the age and sex and health of the person
  • medication -  the act of treating with medicines or remedies; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
  • medicine -  the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease; the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques; punishment for one's actions;  treat medicinally, treat with medicine
  • melanoma -  any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes
  • melasma -  a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
  • menstrual -  of or relating to menstruation or the menses
  • mental retardation -  lack of normal development of intellectual capacities
  • mercury poisoning -  a toxic condition caused by ingesting or inhaling mercury; acute mercury poisoning causes a metallic taste and vomiting and diarrhea and kidney problems that may lead to death
  • metabolism -  the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life; the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
  • metabolite -  any substance involved in metabolism (either as a product of metabolism or as necessary for metabolism)
  • metastatic -  relating to or affected by metastasis
  • methotrexate -  toxic antimetabolite that limits cellular reproduction by acting as an antagonist to folic acid; used to treat certain cancers and psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis
  • miconazole -  an antifungal agent usually administered in the form of a nitrate (trade name Monistat)
  • microsomal -  of or relating to microsomes
  • microwave -  kitchen appliance that cooks food by passing an electromagnetic wave through it; heat results from the absorption of energy by the water molecules in the food; a short electromagnetic wave (longer than infrared but shorter than radio waves); used for radar and microwave ovens and for transmitting telephone, facsimile, video and data; verb cook or heat in a microwave oven
  • miliaria -  obstruction of the sweat ducts during high heat and humidity
  • miliary tuberculosis -  acute tuberculosis characterized by the appearance of tiny tubercles on one or more organs of the body (presumably resulting from tubercle bacilli being spread in the bloodstream)
  • milium -  a small whitish lump in the skin due to a clogged sebaceous gland
  • minimum -  the least possible;  the point on a curve where the tangent changes from negative on the left to positive on the right; the smallest possible quantity
  • minority -  being or relating to the smaller in number of two parts; a group of people who differ racially or politically from a larger group of which it is a part; any age prior to the legal age
  • mixed -  consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity); involving or composed of different races; caused to combine or unite
  • model -  worthy of imitation;  the act of representing something (usually on a smaller scale); representation of something (sometimes on a smaller scale); a type of product; a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process; a representative form or pattern; a person who poses for a photographer or painter or sculptor; someone worthy of imitation; something to be imitated; a woman who wears clothes to display fashions;  form in clay, wax, etc; construct a model of; create a representation or model of; plan or create according to a model or models; display (clothes) as a mannequin; assume a posture as for artistic purposes
  • modified -  changed in form or character; mediocre
  • molluscum contagiosum -  a virus disease of the skin marked by round white swellings; transmitted from person to person (most often in children or in adults with impaired immune function)
  • moniliasis -  an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)
  • monoamine -  a molecule containing one amine group (especially one that is a neurotransmitter)
  • mononucleosis -  an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing
  • monthly -  occurring or payable every month;  without missing a month;  a periodical that is published every month (or 12 issues per year)
  • morning -  the time period between dawn and noon; a conventional expression of greeting or farewell; the earliest period; the first light of day
  • morphea -  localized scleroderma
  • mosaic -  decorated with small pieces of colored glass or stone fitted together; of or relating to Moses or the laws and writings attributed to him;  art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass; assembly of aerial photographs forming a composite picture; transducer formed by the light-sensitive surface on a television camera tube; a pattern resembling a mosaic; a freeware browser; viral disease in solanaceous plants (tomatoes, potatoes, tobacco) resulting in mottling and often shriveling of the leaves
  • mosaicism -  the condition in which an organism has two or more cell populations that differ in genetic makeup
  • mosquito bite -  a sting inflicted by a mosquito
  • mouth -  the opening of a jar or bottle; the externally visible part of the oral cavity on the face and the system of organs surrounding the opening; the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge; the point where a stream issues into a larger body of water; an opening that resembles a mouth (as of a cave or a gorge); a person conceived as a consumer of food; an impudent or insolent rejoinder; a spokesperson (as a lawyer); verb articulate silently; form words with the lips only; touch with the mouth; express in speech
  • mouthwash -  a medicated solution used for gargling and rinsing the mouth
  • muckle -  (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent
  • mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome -  an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever; of unknown cause
  • multiple -  having or involving or consisting of more than one part or entity or individual;  the product of a quantity by an integer
  • murine typhus -  acute infection caused by rickettsia and transmitted by the bite of an infected flea; characterized by fever and chills and muscle aches and a rash
  • murray -  an southeast Australian river; flows westward and then south into the Indian Ocean at Adelaide; Scottish philologist and the lexicographer who shaped the Oxford English Dictionary (1837-1915); British classical scholar (born in Australia) who advocated the League of Nations and the United Nations (1866-1957)
  • mutagenic -  capable of inducing mutation (used mainly of extracellular factors such as X-rays or chemical pollution)
  • myalgia -  pain in a muscle or group of muscles
  • mycobacterium leprae -  cause of leprosy
  • myiasis -  infestation of the body by the larvae of flies (usually through a wound or other opening) or any disease resulting from such infestation
  • myonecrosis -  localized death of muscle cell fibers
  • myopathy -  any pathology of the muscles that is not attributable to nerve dysfunction
  • myxedema -  hypothyroidism marked by dry skin and swellings around lips and nose as well as mental deterioration
  • myxoedema -  hypothyroidism marked by dry skin and swellings around lips and nose as well as mental deterioration
  • nail-biting -  (of a situation) characterized by or causing suspense
  • naples -  a port and tourist center in southwestern Italy; capital of the Campania region
  • necessary -  unavoidably determined by prior circumstances; absolutely essential;  anything indispensable
  • necessitate - verb require as useful, just, or proper; cause to be a concomitant
  • necrobiosis lipoidica -  skin disease marked by thin shiny patches (especially on the legs); often associated with diabetes mellitus
  • necrolysis -  disintegration and dissolution of dead tissue
  • necrosis -  the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)
  • negative -  expressing or consisting of a negation or refusal or denial; having the quality of something harmful or unpleasant; characterized by or displaying negation or denial or opposition or resistance; having no positive features; less than zero; reckoned in a direction opposite to that regarded as positive; not indicating the presence of microorganisms or disease or a specific condition; having a negative electric charge; involving disadvantage or harm; designed or tending to discredit, especially without positive or helpful suggestions;  a piece of photographic film showing an image with black and white tones reversed; a reply of denial; verb vote against; refuse to endorse; refuse to assent
  • neisseria gonorrhoeae -  the pus-producing bacterium that causes gonorrhea
  • neomycin -  an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used (as a sulphate under the trade name Neobiotic) as an intestinal antiseptic in surgery
  • nephrotoxic -  toxic to the kidney
  • nergal -  (Akkadian) god ruling with his consort Ereshkigal the world of the dead
  • nerves -  control of your emotions; an uneasy psychological state
  • nervous -  easily agitated; of or relating to the nervous system; unpredictably excitable (especially of horses); excited in anticipation; causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  • neuralgia -  acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves
  • neurinoma -  tumor (usually benign) of the sheath surrounding a nerve
  • neuroblastoma -  malignant tumor containing embryonic nerve cells; usually metastasizes quickly
  • neurodermatitis -  dermatitis in which localized areas (especially the forearms or back of the neck or outer part of the ankle) itch persistently; cause is unknown
  • neuroepithelioma -  malignant tumor of the neuroepithelium
  • neurofibroma -  tumor of the fibrous covering of a peripheral nerve
  • neurofibromatosis -  autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous neurofibromas and by spots on the skin and often by developmental abnormalities
  • neurological disease -  a disorder of the nervous system
  • neurological -  of or relating to or used in or practicing neurology
  • neuroma -  any tumor derived from cells of the nervous system
  • neuromuscular -  affecting or characteristic of both neural and muscular tissue
  • neuropathy -  any pathology of the peripheral nerves
  • neurosarcoma -  a malignant neoplasm of nerve tissue and fibrous tissue and connective tissue
  • neurosyphilis -  syphilis of the central nervous system
  • nevus flammeus -  a flat birthmark varying from pink to purple
  • nevus -  a blemish on the skin that is formed before birth
  • new zealand -  North Island and South Island and adjacent small islands in the South Pacific; an independent country within the British Commonwealth; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1907; known for sheep and spectacular scenery
  • nitrate -  any compound containing the nitrate group (such as a salt or ester of nitric acid); verb treat with nitric acid, so as to change an organic compound into a nitrate
  • nodular -  having nodules or occurring in the form of nodules; relating to or characterized by or having nodules
  • nonhuman -  not human; not belonging to or produced by or appropriate to human beings
  • nonsteroidal -  not steroidal or not having the effects of steroid hormones;  an organic compound that does no contain a steroid
  • nonthrombocytopenic purpura -  purpura resulting from a defect in the capillaries caused by bacteria or drugs
  • novel -  pleasantly new or different; original and of a kind not seen before;  a printed and bound book that is an extended work of fiction; a extended fictional work in prose; usually in the form of a story
  • numerous -  amounting to a large indefinite number
  • nystatin -  an antifungal and antibiotic (trade names Mycostatin and Nystan) discovered in New York State; derived from soil fungi actinomycetes
  • oatmeal -  meal made from rolled or ground oats; porridge made of rolled oats
  • observe - verb observe correctly or closely; watch attentively; celebrate, as of holidays or rites; conform one's action or practice to; make mention of; observe with care or pay close attention to; discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of; follow with the eyes or the mind; show respect towards
  • obvious -  easily perceived by the senses or grasped by the mind
  • occasionally -  now and then or here and there
  • occlusive -  tending to occlude;  a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some point and suddenly releasing it
  • ochronosis -  an accumulation of dark pigment in cartilage and other connective tissue; usually a symptom of alkaptonuria or phenol poisoning
  • ointment -  semisolid preparation (usually containing a medicine) applied externally as a remedy or for soothing an irritation; toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin
  • oliver -  United States jazz musician who influenced the style of Louis Armstrong (1885-1938)
  • on -  in operation or operational; (of events) planned or scheduled;  indicates continuity or persistence or concentration; in a state required for something to function or be effective; with a forward motion
  • onchocerciasis -  infestation with slender threadlike roundworms (filaria) deposited under the skin by the bite of black fleas; when the eyes are involved it can result in blindness; common in Africa and tropical America
  • onycholysis -  separation of a nail from its normal attachment to the nail bed
  • operating -  involved in a kind of operation; being in effect or operation
  • ophthalmia neonatorum -  ophthalmia in newborns; contracted while passing through the birth canal; usually prevented with silver nitrate drops
  • ophthalmologist -  a medical doctor specializing in the treatment of diseases of the eye
  • optometrist -  a person skilled in testing for defects of vision in order to prescribe corrective glasses
  • oral -  a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated in the mouth; fixation at this stage is said to result in dependence, selfishness, and aggression; of or involving the mouth or mouth region or the surface on which the mouth is located; using speech rather than writing; of or relating to or affecting or for use in the mouth;  an examination conducted by word of mouth
  • organism -  a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently; a system considered analogous in structure or function to a living body
  • oriental sore -  leishmaniasis of the skin; characterized by ulcerative skin lesions
  • original -  not derived or copied or translated from something else; preceding all others in time or being as first made or performed; being or productive of something fresh and unusual; or being as first made or thought of; (of e.g. information) not secondhand or by way of something intermediary;  an original model on which something is patterned; an original creation (i.e., an audio recording) from which copies can be made
  • osteogenesis imperfecta -  autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue characterized by brittle bones that fracture easily
  • otitis externa -  inflammation of the external ear (including auricle and ear canal)
  • outbreak -  a sudden violent spontaneous occurrence (usually of some undesirable condition)
  • over-the-counter -  (of securities) not quoted on a stock exchange; purchasable without a doctor's prescription
  • oxidase -  any of the enzymes that catalyze biological oxidation
  • oxytetracycline -  a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trademark Terramycin) obtained from a soil actinomycete; used to treat various bacterial and rickettsial infections
  • pachyderma -  thickening of the skin (usually unilateral on an extremity) caused by congenital enlargement of lymph vessel and lymph vessel obstruction
  • painful -  causing physical or psychological pain; causing physical discomfort; exceptionally bad or displeasing; causing misery or pain or distress
  • pallor -  unnatural lack of color in the skin (as from bruising or sickness or emotional distress)
  • pancreatitis -  inflammation of the pancreas; usually marked by abdominal pain
  • papilloma -  a benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
  • papillon -  small slender toy spaniel with erect ears and a black-spotted brown to white coat
  • paraffin -  (British usage) kerosine; from crude petroleum; used for candles and for preservative or waterproof coatings; a series of non-aromatic saturated hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH(2n+2)
  • paresthesia -  abnormal skin sensations (as tingling or tickling or itching or burning) usually associated with peripheral nerve damage
  • paronychia -  low-growing annual or perennial herbs or woody plants; whitlowworts; infection in the tissues adjacent to a nail on a finger or toe
  • parry -  (fencing) blocking a lunge or deflecting it with a circular motion of the sword; a return punch (especially by a boxer);  impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball); avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing (duties, questions, or issues)
  • particularly -  to a distinctly greater extent or degree than is common; specifically or especially distinguished from others; uniquely or characteristically
  • pasteurellosis -  an acute infectious disease characterized by pneumonia and blood infection
  • patchy -  irregular or uneven in quality, texture, etc.
  • pathogenesis -  the origination and development of a disease
  • pathology -  the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases; any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
  • patient -  enduring without protest or complaint; enduring trying circumstances with even temper or characterized by such endurance;  a person who requires medical care; the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • paul klee -  Swiss painter influenced by Kandinsky (1879-1940)
  • pediculosis corporis -  infestation of body skin with lice
  • pediculosis pubis -  infestation of the pubic hair by crab lice
  • pediculosis -  infestation with lice (Pediculus humanus) resulting in severe itching
  • pemphigus -  a skin disease characterized by large thin-walled blisters (bullae) arising from normal skin or mucous membrane
  • penicillamine -  a drug (trade name Cuprimine) used to treat heavy metal poisoning and Wilson's disease and severe arthritis
  • penicillin V -  a crystalline penicillin similar in action to penicillin G but more resistant to the action of gastric acids
  • penicillin -  any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseases
  • penicillinase -  enzyme produced by certain bacteria that inactivates penicillin and results in resistance to that antibiotic
  • penile -  of or relating to the penis
  • perhaps -  by chance
  • periarteritis nodosa -  a progressive disease of connective tissue that is characterized by nodules along arteries; nodules may block the artery and result in inadequate circulation to the particular area
  • perineal -  of or relating to the perineum
  • periodically -  in a sporadic manner
  • permanent -  continuing or enduring without marked change in status or condition or place; not capable of being reversed or returned to the original condition;  a series of waves in the hair made by applying heat and chemicals
  • permanganate -  a dark purple salt of permanganic acid; in water solution it is used as a disinfectant and antiseptic
  • pernio -  inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture
  • peroxide -  an inorganic compound containing the divalent ion -O-O-; a viscous liquid with strong oxidizing properties; a powerful bleaching agent; also used as a disinfectant and (in strong concentrations) as an oxidant in rocket fuels; verb bleach with peroxide
  • persona -  (Jungian psychology) a personal facade that one presents to the world; an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
  • personal -  particular to a given individual; concerning or affecting a particular person or his or her private life and personality; intimately concerning a person's body or physical being; indicating grammatical person; of or arising from personality;  a short newspaper article about a particular person or group
  • petechia -  a minute red or purple spot on the surface of the skin as the result of tiny hemorrhages of blood vessels in the skin (as in typhoid fever)
  • pharmacological -  of or relating to pharmacology
  • pharmacology -  the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
  • phenobarbital -  a long-acting barbiturate used as a sedative
  • phenylketonuria -  a genetic disorder of metabolism; lack of the enzyme needed to turn phenylalanine into tyrosine results in an accumulation of phenylalanine in the body fluids which causes various degrees of mental deficiency
  • phenytoin -  an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat epilepsy and that is not a sedative
  • phosphatase -  any of a group of enzymes that act as a catalyst in the hydrolysis of organic phosphates
  • phosphate -  carbonated drink with fruit syrup and a little phosphoric acid; a salt of phosphoric acid
  • photosensitivity -  sensitivity to the action of radiant energy
  • phototherapy -  the use of strong light to treat acne or hyperbilirubinemia of the newborn
  • physiology -  processes and functions of an organism; the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
  • pigmentation -  coloration of living tissues by pigment; the deposition of pigment in animals or plants or human beings
  • pilar cyst -  a common cyst of the skin; filled with fatty matter (sebum) that is secreted by a sebaceous gland that has been blocked
  • pinch -  a squeeze with the fingers; an injury resulting from getting some body part squeezed; a painful or straitened circumstance; the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal); a small sharp bite or snip; a sudden unforeseen crisis (usually involving danger) that requires immediate action; a slight but appreciable addition;  irritate as if by a nip, pinch, or tear; squeeze tightly between the fingers; cut the top off; make ridges into by pinching together; make off with belongings of others
  • pityriasis alba -  common form of pityriasis (usually in children or young adults) characterized by round patches of depigmentation
  • pityriasis rosea -  pityriasis in which an itchy rash develops over the trunk and extremities
  • pityriasis -  any of several skin disorders characterized by shedding dry flakes of skin
  • plague -  an annoyance; any large scale calamity (especially when thought to be sent by God); any epidemic disease with a high death rate; a serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal; a swarm of insects that attack plants;  annoy continually or chronically; cause to suffer a blight
  • plane -  having a surface without slope, tilt in which no part is higher or lower than another;  a carpenter's hand tool with an adjustable blade for smoothing or shaping wood; a power tool for smoothing or shaping wood; (mathematics) an unbounded two-dimensional shape; a level of existence or development; an aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jets; verb cut or remove with or as if with a plane; make even or smooth, with or as with a carpenter's plane; travel on the surface of water
  • plantar wart -  a wart occurring on the sole of the foot
  • plantar -  relating to or occurring on the undersurface of the foot
  • plasmacytoma -  neoplasm of plasma cells (usually in bone marrow)
  • pneumonic plague -  a rapidly progressive and frequently fatal form of the plague that can spread through the air from person to person; characterized by lung involvement with chill, bloody expectoration and high fever
  • poliosis -  loss of color from the hair
  • politician -  a person active in party politics; a leader engaged in civil administration; a schemer who tries to gain advantage in an organization in sly or underhanded ways
  • polyarteritis nodosa -  a progressive disease of connective tissue that is characterized by nodules along arteries; nodules may block the artery and result in inadequate circulation to the particular area
  • polymorphic -  having or occurring in several distinct forms; relating to the occurrence of more than one kind of individual (independent of sexual differences) in an interbreeding population; relating to the crystallization of a compound in two or more different forms
  • polymyositis -  myositis characterized by weakness of limb and neck muscles and much muscle pain and swelling; progression and severity vary among individuals
  • polymyxin -  any of several toxic antibiotics obtained from a particular soil bacterium
  • polyostotic fibrous dysplasia -  fibrous dysplasia of bone affecting multiple bones
  • porphyria -  a genetic abnormality of metabolism causing abdominal pains and mental confusion
  • possibility -  a possible alternative; a future prospect or potential; capability of existing or happening or being true; a tentative theory about the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena
  • possible -  capable of happening or existing; existing in possibility; capable of being imagined;  something that can be done; an applicant who might be suitable
  • potassium hydroxide -  a potassium compound often used in agriculture and industry
  • potency -  capacity to produce strong physiological or chemical effects; the state of being potent; a male's capacity to have sexual intercourse; the power or right to give orders or make decisions; the inherent capacity for coming into being
  • potentiate - verb increase the effect of or act synergistically with (a drug or a physiological or biochemical phenomenon)
  • precipitate -  done with very great haste and without due deliberation;  a precipitated solid substance in suspension or after settling or filtering; verb separate as a fine suspension of solid particles; hurl or throw violently; bring about abruptly; fall vertically, sharply, or headlong; fall from clouds
  • prednisolone -  a glucocorticoid (trade names Pediapred or Prelone) used to treat inflammatory conditions
  • preferable -  more desirable than another
  • pregnancy -  the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
  • pregnant -  carrying developing offspring within the body or being about to produce new life; filled with or attended with; rich in significance or implication
  • preparation -  the activity of putting or setting in order in advance of some act or purpose; (music) a note that produces a dissonant chord is first heard in a consonant chord; the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat; preparatory school work done outside school (especially at home); activity leading to skilled behavior; the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening; the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action (especially military action); a substance prepared according to a formula
  • prescribe - verb issue commands or orders for
  • prescription -  available only with a doctor's written prescription;  written instructions from a physician or dentist to a druggist concerning the form and dosage of a drug to be issued to a given patient; written instructions for an optician on the lenses for a given person; directions prescribed beforehand; the action of prescribing authoritative rules or directions; a drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist
  • presence -  the act of being present; the impression that something is present; the immediate proximity of someone or something; an invisible spiritual being felt to be nearby; the state of being present; current existence; dignified manner or conduct
  • present -  temporal sense; intermediate between past and future; now existing or happening or in consideration; spatial sense; being or existing in a specified place;  a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking; something presented as a gift; the period of time that is happening now; any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech; verb bring forward and present to the mind; formally present a debutante, a representative of a country, etc.; hand over formally; introduce; recognize with a gesture prescribed by a military regulation; assume a prescribed position; cause to come to know personally; deliver (a speech, oration, or idea); present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize; represent in a painting, drawing, sculpture, or verbally; perform (a play), especially on a stage; show or demonstrate something to an interested audience; give as a present; make a gift of; give, especially as an honor or reward
  • presentation -  a show or display; the act of presenting something to sight or view; the activity of formally presenting something (as a prize or reward); (obstetrics) position of the fetus in the uterus relative to the birth canal; the act of making something publicly available; presenting news or other information by broadcasting or printing it; the act of presenting a proposal; formally making a person known to another or to the public; a visual representation of something
  • pressure -  a force that compels; the somatic sensation that results from applying force to an area of skin; the force applied to a unit area of surface; measured in pascals (SI unit) or in dynes (cgs unit); an oppressive condition of physical or mental or social or economic distress; the act of pressing; the exertion of pressure; the state of demanding notice or attention; verb to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city"; exert pressure on someone through threats
  • prevalence -  the quality of prevailing generally; being widespread; (epidemiology) the ratio (for a given time period) of the number of occurrences of a disease or event to the number of units at risk in the population; a superiority in numbers or amount
  • prevention -  the act of preventing
  • prickly heat -  obstruction of the sweat ducts during high heat and humidity
  • princess of wales -  English aristocrat who was the first wife of Prince Charles; her death in an automobile accident in Paris produced intense national mourning (1961-1997)
  • private -  concerning things deeply private and personal; confined to particular persons or groups or providing privacy; not expressed; concerning one person exclusively;  an enlisted man of the lowest rank
  • production -  (law) the act of exhibiting in a court of law; the act or process of producing something; the creation of value or wealth by producing goods and services; (economics) manufacturing or mining or growing something (usually in large quantities) for sale; a presentation for the stage or screen or radio or television; a display that is exaggerated or unduly complicated; an artifact that has been created by someone or some process; the quantity of something (as a commodity) that is created (usually within a given period of time)
  • progeria -  a rare abnormality marked by premature aging (grey hair and wrinkled skin and stooped posture) in a child
  • prognosis -  a prediction of the course of a disease; a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
  • progressive vaccinia -  a severe or even fatal form of vaccinia that occurs mainly in persons with an immunological deficiency; characterized by progressive enlargement of the initial lesion
  • prolonged -  (of illness) developing slowly or of long duration; drawn out or made longer spatially; relatively long in duration; tediously protracted
  • proprietary -  protected by trademark or patent or copyright; made or produced or distributed by one having exclusive rights;  an unincorporated business owned by a single person who is responsible for its liabilities and entitled to its profits
  • propylene -  a flammable gas obtained by cracking petroleum; used in organic synthesis
  • protect - verb shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage; use tariffs to favor domestic industry
  • protected -  guarded from injury or destruction; kept safe or defended from danger or injury or loss
  • protection -  payment extorted by gangsters on threat of violence; the activity of protecting someone or something; the imposition of duties or quotas on imports in order to protect domestic industry against foreign competition; the condition of being protected; kindly endorsement and guidance; a covering that is intend to protect from damage or injury; defense against financial failure; financial independence
  • protective -  (usually followed by `of') solicitously caring or mindful; intended or adapted to afford protection of some kind; showing a care
  • protein -  any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes
  • proximal -  situated nearest to point of attachment or origin
  • prurigo -  chronic inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by blister capped papules and intense itching
  • pruritus ani -  chronic itching of the skin around the anus
  • pruritus vulvae -  persistent itching of the external female genitalia
  • pruritus -  an intense itching sensation that can have various causes (as by allergies or infection or lymphoma or jaundice etc.)
  • psoriasis -  a chronic skin disease characterized by dry red patches covered with scales; occurs especially on the scalp and ears and genitalia and the skin over bony prominences
  • psoriatic arthritis -  a form of rheumatoid arthritis usually affecting fingers and toes and associated with psoriasis
  • psychosis -  any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
  • pterygium -  either of two thickened triangular layers of conjunctiva extending from the nasal edge of the eye to the cornea; it arises from irritation of the pinguecula
  • pulseless disease -  disorder characterized by the absence of a pulse in both arms and in the carotid arteries
  • purpura -  any of several blood diseases causing subcutaneous bleeding
  • q fever -  an acute disease resembling influenza
  • rabbit fever -  a highly infectious disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals
  • radiation -  the act of spreading outward from a central source; a radial arrangement of nerve fibers connecting different parts of the brain; the spread of a group of organisms into new habitats; energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles; the spontaneous emission of a stream of particles or electromagnetic rays in nuclear decay; (medicine) the treatment of disease (especially cancer) by exposure to a radioactive substance; syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions); low doses cause diarrhea and nausea and vomiting and sometimes loss of hair; greater exposure can cause sterility and cataracts and some forms of cancer and other diseases; severe exposure can cause death within hours
  • radiotherapy -  (medicine) the treatment of disease (especially cancer) by exposure to a radioactive substance
  • reactive -  participating readily in reactions; tending to react to a stimulus
  • reading -  the act of measuring with meters or similar instruments; the cognitive process of understanding a written linguistic message; a datum about some physical state that is presented to a user by a meter or similar instrument; written material intended to be read; a particular interpretation or performance; a city on the River Thames in Berkshire in southern England; a mental representation of the meaning or significance of something; a public instance of reciting or repeating (from memory) something prepared in advance
  • recalcitrant -  marked by stubborn resistance to authority; stubbornly resistant to authority or control
  • received -  widely accepted as true or worthy; conforming to the established language usage of educated native speakers
  • recommend - verb make attractive or acceptable; push for something; express a good opinion of
  • recommended -  mentioned as worthy of acceptance
  • recorded -  recorded or listed in a directory; set down or registered in a permanent form especially on film or tape for reproduction; (of securities) having the owner's name entered in a register
  • recurrent -  recurring again and again
  • reduced -  well below normal (especially in price); made less in size or amount or degree
  • refined -  (used of persons and their behavior) cultivated and genteel; freed from impurities by processing; free from what is tawdry or unbecoming; suggesting taste, ease, and wealth; made pure; showing a high degree of refinement and the assurance that comes from wide social experience
  • regimen -  (medicine) a systematic plan for therapy (often including diet)
  • regularly -  in a regular manner; in a regular way without variation; having a regular form
  • regulatory -  restricting according to rules or principles
  • reiter's disease -  an inflammatory syndrome (etiology unknown) predominantly in males; characterized by arthritis and conjunctivitis and urethritis
  • reiter's syndrome -  an inflammatory syndrome (etiology unknown) predominantly in males; characterized by arthritis and conjunctivitis and urethritis
  • release -  (music) the act or manner of terminating a musical phrase or tone; a formal written statement of relinquishment; activity that frees or expresses creative energy or emotion; merchandise issued for sale or public showing (especially a record or film); a device that when pressed will release part of a mechanism; a process that liberates or discharges something; the act of liberating someone or something; the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart); the act of allowing a fluid to escape; a legal document evidencing the discharge of a debt or obligation; an ancement distributed to members of the press in order to supplement or replace an oral presentation; euphemistic expressions for death; verb part with a possession or right; generate and separate from cells or bodily fluids; eliminate (substances) from the body; make (assets) available; prepare and issue for public distribution or sale; let (something) fall or spill a container; release, as from one's grip; grant freedom to; free from confinement; make (information) available publication
  • relieve - verb provide physical relief, as from pain; alleviate or remove (pressure or stress) or make less oppressive; take by stealing; free from a burden, evil, or distress; provide relief for; grant exemption or release to; relieve oneself of troubling information; lessen the intensity of or calm; free someone temporarily from his or her obligations; save from ruin, destruction, or harm; grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to
  • reluctant -  not eager; unwilling to become involved; unwillingness to do something contrary to your custom
  • removal -  dismissal from office; the act of removing
  • removed -  separated in relationship by a given degree of descent; separate or apart in time; taken out of or separated from
  • renal failure -  inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance
  • repeated -  recurring again and again
  • reported -  made known or told about; especially presented in a formal account
  • resistant -  impervious to being affected; incapable of absorbing or mixing with; disposed to or engaged in defiance of established authority; relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection); able to tolerate environmental conditions or physiological stress
  • resorcinol -  a crystalline phenol obtained from various resins; used in ointments for acne and in dandruff shampoos
  • respiratory -  pertaining to respiration
  • response -  a phrase recited or sung by the congregation following a versicle by the priest or minister; a result; a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some foregoing stimulus or agent; the manner in which something is greeted; a statement (either spoken or written) that is made in reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation; the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
  • retardation -  lack of normal development of intellectual capacities; the extent to which something is delayed or held back; the act of slowing down or falling behind; a decrease in rate of change; any agent that retards or delays or hinders
  • retention -  the act of retaining something; the power of retaining liquid; the power of retaining and recalling past experience
  • reverse -  of the transmission gear causing backward movement in a motor vehicle; reversed (turned backward) in order or nature or effect; directed or moving toward the rear;  (American football) a running play in which a back running in one direction hands the ball to a back running in the opposite direction; the gears by which the motion of a machine can be reversed; the side of a coin or medal that does not bear the principal design; an unfortunate happening that hinders or impedes; something that is thwarting or frustrating; a relation of direct opposition; turning in the opposite direction; verb change to the contrary; turn inside out or upside down; rule against; annul by recalling or rescinding
  • reversible -  capable of assuming or producing either of two states; capable of reversing or being reversed; capable of being reversed or used with either side out; capable of being reversed;  a garment (especially a coat) that can be worn inside out (with either side of the cloth showing)
  • rhagades -  cracks or fissures in the skin (especially around the mouth or anus)
  • rheumatoid arthritis -  a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint
  • rhino -  massive powerful herbivorous odd-toed ungulate of southeast Asia and Africa having very thick skin and one or two horns on the snout
  • rhinophyma -  enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin; often associated with excessive consumption of alcohol
  • rhinosporidiosis -  fungal infection of the nose; often acquired while swimming
  • rickettsialpox -  mild infectious rickettsial disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Rickettsia transmitted to humans by the bite a mite that lives on rodents; characterized by chills and fever and headache and skin lesions that resemble chickenpox
  • rift valley fever -  an infection common in Africa caused by a bunyavirus; transmitted by mosquitoes or by handling infected animals
  • riley -  United States poet (1849-1916)
  • ringworm -  infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
  • rochester -  a town in southeast Minnesota; a city in western New York; a center of the photographic equipment industry
  • rocky mountain spotted fever -  caused by rickettsial bacteria and transmitted by wood ticks
  • rosacea -  a skin disease of adults (more often women) in which blood vessels of the face enlarge resulting in a flushed appearance
  • roseola infantum -  a viral disease of infants and young children; characterized by abrupt high fever and mild sore throat; a few days later there is a faint pinkish rash that lasts for a few hours to a few days
  • roseola -  any red eruption of the skin
  • rubella -  a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days; can be damaging to a fetus during the first trimester
  • rubinstein -  Russian composer and pianist (1829-1894); United States pianist (born in Poland) known for his interpretations of the music of Chopin (1886-1982)
  • ruthless -  without mercy or pity
  • sabah -  a region of Malaysia in northeastern Borneo
  • saint kitts -  the largest of the islands comprising Saint Christopher-Nevis
  • salmonellosis -  a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
  • san pablo -  a town in western California north of Oakland on an arm of San Francisco Bay
  • sarcoidosis -  a chronic disease of unknown cause marked by the formation of nodules in the lungs and liver and lymph glands and salivary glands
  • scabies -  a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite; characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation
  • scalding -  marked by harshly abusive criticism
  • scalp -  the skin that covers the top of the head; verb remove the scalp of; sell illegally, as on the black market
  • scalp -  the skin that covers the top of the head;  remove the scalp of; sell illegally, as on the black market
  • scarlet fever -  an acute communicable disease (usually in children) characterized by fever and a red rash
  • schulz -  United States cartoonist whose comic strip included the beagle Snoopy (1922-2000)
  • scleredema -  a skin disease marked by hard edema of the tissue usually beginning in the face
  • scleroderma -  genus of poisonous fungi having hard-skinned fruiting bodies: false truffles; an autoimmune disease that affects the blood vessels and connective tissue; fibrous connective tissue is deposited in the skin
  • screening -  testing objects or persons in order to identify those with particular characteristics; fabric of metal or plastic mesh; the display of a motion picture; the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it
  • scrofula -  a form of tuberculosis characterized by swellings of the lymphatic glands
  • scrub typhus -  transmitted by larval mites and widespread in Asia
  • scurvy -  of the most contemptible kind;  a condition caused by deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
  • sebaceous cyst -  a common cyst of the skin; filled with fatty matter (sebum) that is secreted by a sebaceous gland that has been blocked
  • seborrheic eczema -  a chronic skin disease associated with seborrhea and greasy scales on the scalp or eyelids or other parts of the skin
  • seborrheic keratosis -  a skin condition characterized by circumscribed wartlike lesions that can be itchy and covered with a greasy crust
  • secondary -  belonging to a lower class or rank; not of major importance; being of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate; depending on or incidental to what is original or primary; inferior in rank or status;  the defensive football players who line up behind the linemen; coil such that current is induced in it by passing a current through the primary coil
  • section -  one of several parts or pieces that fit with others to constitute a whole object; a self-contained part of a larger composition (written or musical); a segment of a citrus fruit; a small team of policemen working as part of a police platoon; a small army unit usually having a special function; a division of an orchestra containing all instruments of the same class; (geometry) the area created by a plane cutting through a solid; a distinct region or subdivision of a territorial or political area or community or group of people; a very thin slice (of tissue or mineral or other substance) for examination under a microscope; a land unit of 1 square mile measuring 1 mile on a side; the cutting of or into body tissues or organs (especially by a surgeon as part of an operation); one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole; a specialized division of a large organization; verb divide into segments
  • sedimentation -  the phenomenon of sediment or gravel accumulating
  • selection -  an assortment of things from which a choice can be made; the act of choosing or selecting; the person or thing chosen or selected; a passage selected from a larger work; a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment
  • selenium -  a toxic nonmetallic element related to sulfur and tellurium; occurs in several allotropic forms; a stable grey metallike allotrope conducts electricity better in the light than in the dark and is used in photocells; occurs in sulfide ores (as pyrite)
  • sensible -  aware intuitively or intellectually of something sensed; readily perceived by the senses; able to feel or perceive; showing reason or sound judgment
  • sensitive -  of or pertaining to classified information or matters affecting national security; hurting; responsive to physical stimuli; being susceptible to the attitudes, feelings, or circumstances of others; able to feel or perceive;  someone who serves as an intermediary between the living and the dead
  • sensitize - verb make sensitive or aware; make (a material) sensitive to light, often of a particular colour, by coating it with a photographic emulsion; make sensitive to a drug or allergen; cause to sense; make sensitive
  • sensitized -  having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor)
  • sensory -  involving or derived from the senses; of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system; relating to or concerned in sensation
  • septicemic plague -  an especially dangerous and generally fatal form of the plague in which infecting organisms invade the bloodstream; does not spread from person to person
  • serious -  requiring effort or concentration; complex and not easy to answer or solve; of great consequence; concerned with work or important matters rather than play or trivialities; causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm; appealing to the mind; completely lacking in playfulness
  • severity -  excessive sternness; extreme plainness; something hard to endure; used of the degree of something undesirable e.g. pain or weather
  • shampoo -  the act of washing your hair with shampoo; cleansing agent consisting of soaps or detergents used for washing the hair; verb use shampoo on (hair)
  • shigellosis -  an acute infection of the intestine by shigella bacteria; characterized by diarrhea and fever and abdominal pains
  • shingles -  eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
  • short story -  a prose narrative shorter than a novel
  • siemens -  German electrical engineer (1816-1892); engineer who was a brother of Ernst Werner von Siemens and who moved to England (1823-1883); a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm
  • silicone -  any of a large class of siloxanes that are unusually stable over a wide range of temperatures; used in lubricants and adhesives and coatings and synthetic rubber and electrical insulation
  • silicosis -  a lung disease caused by inhaling particles of silica or quartz or slate
  • silver -  having the white lustrous sheen of silver; made from or largely consisting of silver; expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively; of lustrous grey; covered with or tinged with the color of silver;  coins made of silver; a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography; silverware eating utensils; a trophy made of silver (or having the appearance of silver) that is usually awarded for winning second place in a competition; a light shade of grey;  turn silver; make silver in color; coat with a layer of silver or a silver amalgam
  • simple -  unornamented; (botany) of leaf shapes; of leaves having no divisions or subdivisions; having few parts; not complex or complicated or involved; easy and not involved or complicated; apart from anything else; without additions or modifications; lacking mental capacity and devoid of subtlety; exhibiting childlike simplicity and credulity;  any herbaceous plant having medicinal properties; a person lacking intelligence or common sense
  • simplex -  allowing communication in only one direction at a time, or in telegraphy allowing only one message over a line at a time; having only one part or element
  • sinus -  any of various air-filled cavities especially in the bones of the skull; a wide channel containing blood; does not have the coating of an ordinary blood vessel; an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface
  • skeletal -  of or relating to or forming or attached to a skeleton; very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
  • skin cancer -  a malignant neoplasm of the skin
  • skin condition -  texture and appearance of the skin of the face; a disease affecting the skin
  • sleeplessness -  a temporary state in which you are unable (or unwilling) to sleep
  • smallpox -  a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars
  • smith -  someone who works metal (especially by hammering it when it is hot and malleable); someone who works at something specified; Scottish economist who advocated private enterprise and free trade (1723-1790); English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia; was said to have been saved by Pocahontas (1580-1631); religious leader who founded the Mormon Church in 1830 (1805-1844); United States blues singer (1894-1937); United States suffragist who refused to pay taxes until she could vote (1792-1886); United States singer noted for her rendition of patriotic songs (1909-1986); United States sculptor (1906-1965); Rhodesian statesman who declared independence of Zimbabwe from Great Britain (born in 1919)
  • smoking -  emitting smoke in great volume;  the act of smoking tobacco or other substances; a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
  • smoother -  a power tool used for sanding wood; a loop of sandpaper is moved at high speed by an electric motor
  • snakebite -  a bite inflicted by a (venomous) snake
  • solar -  relating to or derived from the sun or utilizing the energies of the sun
  • sometimes -  on certain occasions or in certain cases but not always
  • soreness -  an uncomfortable feeling of mental painfulness or distress; a pain that is felt (as when the area is touched)
  • soviet -  of or relating to or characteristic of the former Soviet Union or its people;  an elected governmental council in a Communist country (especially one that is a member of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)
  • special -  for a special service or occasion; adapted to or reserved for a particular purpose; surpassing what is common or usual or expected; having a specific function or scope; unique or specific to a person or thing or category; first and most important; added to a regular schedule;  a television production that features a particular person or work or topic; a special offering (usually temporary and at a reduced price) that is featured in advertising; a dish or meal given prominence in e.g. a restaurant
  • specialist -  an expert who is devoted to one occupation or branch of learning; practices one branch of medicine
  • species -  a specific kind of something; (biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
  • specifically -  in distinction from others
  • spider angioma -  a dilation of superficial capillaries with a central red dot from which blood vessels radiate
  • spider nevus -  a dilation of superficial capillaries with a central red dot from which blood vessels radiate
  • spina bifida -  a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
  • sporotrichosis -  a chronic fungal infection of the skin and lymph nodes
  • squamous cell carcinoma -  the most common form of skin cancer
  • stabilized -  made stable or firm
  • standard -  commonly used or supplied; regularly and widely used or sold; established or widely recognized as a model of authority or excellence; conforming to or constituting a standard of measurement or value; or of the usual or regularized or accepted kind; conforming to the established language usage of educated native speakers;  any distinctive flag; an upright pole or beam (especially one used as a support); a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated; the value behind the money in a monetary system; a board measure = 1980 board feet; the ideal in terms of which something can be judged
  • staphylococcal -  of or relating to the staphylococcus bacteria
  • staphylococci -  spherical Gram-positive parasitic bacteria that tend to form irregular colonies; some cause boils or septicemia or infections
  • starting -  appropriate to the beginning or start of an event; (especially of eyes) bulging or protruding as with fear;  a turn to be a starter (in a game at the beginning)
  • stasis -  inactivity resulting from a static balance between opposing forces; an abnormal state in which the normal flow of a liquid (such as blood) is slowed or stopped
  • stevens -  United States filmmaker (1905-1975); United States poet (1879-1955); United States psychologist and psychophysicist who proposed Stevens' power law to replace Fechner's law (1906-1973)
  • stewart -  Scottish philosopher and follower of Thomas Reid (1753-1828); United States film actor who portrayed incorruptible but modest heros (1908-1997)
  • still's disease -  a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children; large joints become inflamed and bone growth may be retarded
  • stimulation -  the act of arousing an organism to action; any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action; (physiology) the effect of a stimulus (on nerves or organs etc.); mutual sexual fondling prior to sexual intercourse
  • stomatitis -  inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth
  • stopped -  (of a nose) blocked
  • stopping -  the kind of playing that involves pressing the fingers on the strings of a stringed instrument to control the pitch; fastener consisting of a narrow strip of welded metal used to join steel members
  • strawberry hemangioma -  a congenital bright red superficial vascular tumor resembling a strawberry; tends to decrease in size during childhood
  • strawberry -  a soft red birthmark; sweet fleshy red fruit; any of various low perennial herbs with many runners and bearing white flowers followed by edible fruits having many small achenes scattered on the surface of an enlarged red pulpy berry
  • streptococcal -  of or relating to or caused by streptococci
  • strongly -  with strength or in a strong manner; in a powerful manner
  • structure -  a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts; the manner of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts; a particular complex anatomical part; the complex composition of knowledge as elements and their combinations; the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships; verb give a structure to
  • subacute -  less than acute; relating to a disease present in a person with no symptoms of it
  • subcutaneous -  relating to or located below the epidermis
  • subcutaneously -  below the skin
  • substitute -  artificial and inferior; being a replacement or substitute for a regular member of a team; capable of substituting in any of several positions on a team;  a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another; an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced; someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult); verb put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items; be a substitute; act as a substitute
  • success -  an attainment that is successful; an event that accomplishes its intended purpose; a state of prosperity or fame; a person with a record of successes
  • suitable -  appropriate for a condition or purpose or occasion or a person's character, needs; worthy of being chosen especially as a spouse; meant or adapted for an occasion or use
  • sulfadiazine -  a sulfa drug used in treating meningitis and pneumonia and other infections
  • sulfate -  a salt or ester of sulphuric acid; verb convert into a sulfate
  • sulphide -  a compound of sulphur and some other element that is more electropositive
  • sulphur -  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions); verb treat with sulphur in order to preserve
  • sunburn -  redness of the skin caused by exposure to the rays of the sun; a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun; verb get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun
  • sunburn -  redness of the skin caused by exposure to the rays of the sun; a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun;  get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun
  • sunscreen -  a cream spread on the skin; contains a chemical (as PABA) to filter out ultraviolet light and so protect from sunburn
  • superficial -  being or affecting or concerned with a surface; not deep or penetrating emotionally or intellectually; of little substance or significance; relating to a surface; involving a surface only
  • suppression -  forceful prevention; putting down by power or authority; the act of withholding or withdrawing some book or writing from publication or circulation; (botany) the failure to develop of some part or organ of a plant; (psychology) the conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or desires
  • surface -  on the surface; involving a surface only;  the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary; a superficial aspect as opposed to the real nature of something; the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object; the outermost level of the land or sea; a device that provides reactive force when in motion relative to the surrounding air; can lift or control a plane in flight; information that has become public; verb come to the surface; appear or become visible; make a showing; put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface
  • surgery -  a room where a doctor or dentist can be consulted; the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures; a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body; a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations
  • suriname -  a republic in northeastern South America on the Atlantic; achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1975
  • surrounding -  closely encircling
  • suspension -  a temporary debarment (from a privilege or position etc); the act of suspending something (hanging it from above so it moves freely); a mechanical system of springs or shock absorbers connecting the wheels and axles to the chassis of a wheeled vehicle; an interruption in the intensity or amount of something; a mixture in which fine particles are suspended in a fluid where they are supported by buoyancy; temporary cessation or suspension; a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
  • sweating -  being wet with perspiration;  the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid
  • swimmer's itch -  a sensitization reaction to repeated invasion of the skin by cercariae of schistosomes
  • syndrome -  a complex of concurrent things; a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
  • synovitis -  inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines a synovial joint; results in pain and swelling
  • synthesis -  the combination of ideas into a complex whole; the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds); reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)
  • syphilis -  a common venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages; can be congenital (transmitted through the placenta)
  • systemic -  affecting an entire system
  • tabes dorsalis -  syphilis of the spinal cord characterized by degeneration of sensory neurons and stabbing pains in the trunk and legs and unsteady gait and incontinence and impotence
  • tachycardia -  abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)
  • takayasu's arteritis -  disorder characterized by the absence of a pulse in both arms and in the carotid arteries
  • tapered -  becoming gradually narrower; gradually narrowed toward a point
  • tattoo -  the practice of making a design on the skin by pricking and staining; a design on the skin made by tattooing; a drumbeat or bugle call that signals the military to return to their quarters;  stain (skin) with indelible color
  • tedious -  using or containing too many words; so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness
  • temporal arteritis -  inflammation of the temporal arteries; characterized by headaches and difficulty chewing and (sometimes) visual impairment
  • teratogenic -  of or relating to substances or agents that can interfere with normal embryonic development
  • teratoma -  a tumor consisting of a mixture of tissues not normally found at that site
  • terbinafine -  an oral antifungal drug (trade name Lamisil) used to treat cases of fungal nail disease
  • terminal -  causing or ending in or approaching death; relating to or occurring in a term or fixed period of time; of or relating to or situated at the ends of a delivery route; occurring at or forming an end or termination; being or situated at an end;  station where transport vehicles load or unload passengers or goods; a contact on an electrical device (such as a battery) at which electric current enters or leaves; electronic equipment consisting of a device providing access to a computer; has a keyboard and display
  • terminology -  a system of words used to name things in a particular discipline
  • test -  the act of testing something; the act of undergoing testing; any standardized procedure for measuring sensitivity or memory or intelligence or aptitude or personality etc; a hard outer covering as of some amoebas and sea urchins; trying something to find out about it; a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge; verb undergo a test; determine the presence or properties of (a substance); achieve a certain score or rating on a test; put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to; show a certain characteristic when tested; examine someone's knowledge of something; test or examine for the presence of disease or infection
  • tetracycline -  an antibiotic (trade name Achromycin) derived from microorganisms of the genus Streptomyces and used broadly to treat infections
  • thalidomide -  a sedative and hypnotic drug; withdrawn from sale after discovered to cause severe birth defects because it inhibits angiogenesis
  • theophylline -  a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator
  • therapeutic -  relating to or involved in therapy; tending to cure or restore to health;  a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain
  • therapy -  (medicine) the act of caring for someone (as by medication or remedial training etc.)
  • thereafter -  from that time on
  • therefore -  (used to introduce a logical conclusion) from that fact or reason or as a result; as a consequence
  • thiazide -  any of a group of drugs commonly used as diuretics in the treatment of hypertension; they block the reabsorption of sodium in the kidneys
  • thinning -  the act of diluting something
  • thrombocytopenia -  a blood disease characterized by an abnormally small number of platelets in the blood
  • thrombocytopenic purpura -  purpura associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets which can result from a variety of factors
  • thrombophlebitis -  phlebitis in conjunction with the formation of a blood clot (thrombus)
  • tic douloureux -  intense paroxysmal neuralgia along the trigeminal nerve
  • tinea barbae -  fungal infection of the face and neck
  • tinea capitis -  fungal infection of the scalp characterized by bald patches
  • tinea corporis -  fungal infection of nonhairy parts of the skin
  • tinea cruris -  fungal infection of the groin (most common in men)
  • tinea pedis -  fungal infection of the feet
  • tinea unguium -  fungal infection of the nails (especially toenails)
  • tobramycin -  an antibiotic (trade name Nebcin) that is especially effective against Gram-negative bacteria
  • tolerance -  the act of tolerating something; the power or capacity of an organism to tolerate unfavorable environmental conditions; willingness to recognize and respect the beliefs or practices of others; a disposition to allow freedom of choice and behavior; a permissible difference; allowing some freedom to move within limits
  • tongue -  the flap of material under the laces of a shoe or boot; a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity; a manner of speaking; the tongue of certain animals used as meat; any long thin projection that is transient; metal striker that hangs inside a bell and makes a sound by hitting the side; a human written or spoken language used by a community; opposed to e.g. a computer language; a narrow strip of land that juts out into the sea; verb lick or explore with the tongue; articulate by tonguing, as when playing wind instruments
  • toxic shock syndrome -  syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus; characterized by fever and diarrhea and nausea and diffuse erythema and shock; occurs especially in menstruating women using highly absorbent tampons
  • toxic -  of or relating to or caused by a toxin or poison
  • toxicity -  the degree to which something is poisonous; grave harmfulness or deadliness
  • toxicodendron -  in some classifications: comprising those members of the genus Rhus having foliage that is poisonous to the touch; of North America and northern South America
  • toxoplasmosis -  infection caused by parasites transmitted to humans from infected cats; if contracted by a pregnant woman it can result in serious damage to the fetus
  • traction -  (orthopedics) the act of pulling on a bone or limb (as in a fracture) to relieve pressure or align parts in a special way during healing; the friction between a body and the surface on which it moves (as between an automobile tire and the road)
  • trauma -  an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects; any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
  • treated -  (of a specimen for study under a microscope) treated with a reagent or dye that colors only certain structures; subjected to a physical (or chemical) treatment or action or agent; given medical care or treatment; made hard or flexible or resilient especially by heat treatment
  • treatment -  care by procedures or applications that are intended to relieve illness or injury; the management of someone or something; a manner of dealing with something artistically; an extended communication (often interactive) dealing with some particular topic
  • trench fever -  marked by pain in muscles and joints and transmitted by lice
  • trench foot -  resembling frostbite but without freezing; resulting from exposure to cold and wet
  • trench mouth -  an acute communicable infection of the respiratory tract and mouth marked by ulceration of the mucous membrane
  • trichinosis -  infestation by trichina larvae that are transmitted by eating inadequately cooked meat (especially pork); larvae migrate from the intestinal tract to the muscles where they become encysted
  • trichomoniasis -  infection of the vagina
  • trichotillomania -  an irresistible urge to pull out your own hair
  • trigeminal neuralgia -  intense paroxysmal neuralgia along the trigeminal nerve
  • tropical -  of weather or climate; hot and humid as in the tropics; characterized by or of the nature of a trope or tropes; changed from its literal sense; relating to or situated in or characteristic of the tropics (the region on either side of the equator); of or relating to the tropics, or either tropic
  • tuberculoid leprosy -  leprosy characterized by tumors in the skin and cutaneous nerves
  • tuberculosis -  infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
  • tuberous -  of or relating to or resembling a tuber
  • tularemia -  a highly infectious disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals
  • ulceration -  the process of ulcer formation; the process of becoming ulcerated; a circumscribed inflammatory and often suppurating lesion on the skin or an internal mucous surface resulting in necrosis of tissue
  • ulcerative colitis -  a serious chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum characterized by recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and fever and chills and profuse diarrhea
  • ulnar -  relating to or near the ulna
  • ultraviolet radiation -  radiation lying in the ultraviolet range; wave lengths shorter than light but longer than X rays
  • undulant fever -  infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products; characterized by fever and headache
  • ungual -  of or relating to a nail or claw or hoof
  • unknown -  not known; not known to exist; being or having an unknown or unnamed source; not known before; not famous or acclaimed;  a variable whose values are solutions of an equation; an unknown and unexplored region; anyone who does not belong in the environment in which they are found
  • unresponsive -  not responding to some influence or stimulus; not susceptible to suggestion or influence; aloof or indifferent
  • unstable -  highly or violently reactive; disposed to psychological variability; lacking stability or fixity or firmness; subject to change; variable; affording no ease or reassurance; suffering from severe mental illness
  • unwanted -  interfering; not wanted; not needed
  • urinary -  of or relating to the function or production or secretion of urine; of or relating to the urinary system of the body
  • usefulness -  the quality of being of practical use
  • usually -  under normal conditions
  • vaccinia -  a local infection induced in humans by inoculation with the virus causing cowpox in order to confer resistance to smallpox; normally lasts three weeks and leaves a pitted scar; a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
  • vaginal -  of or relating to the vagina
  • valley fever -  an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
  • varicella -  an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus; causes a rash of vesicles on the face and body
  • variegate - verb change the appearance of, especially by marking with different colors; make something more diverse and varied
  • variola major -  a type of smallpox virus that has a fatality rate of up to 25 percent; a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars
  • various -  considered individually; of many different kinds purposefully arranged but lacking any uniformity; distinctly dissimilar or unlike; having great diversity or variety
  • vascular spider -  a dilation of superficial capillaries with a central red dot from which blood vessels radiate
  • vasculitis -  inflammation of a blood vessel
  • vehicle -  a conveyance that transports people or objects; a medium for the expression or achievement of something; a substance that facilitates the use of a drug or pigment or other material that is mixed with it; any inanimate object (as a towel or money or clothing or dishes or books or toys etc.) that can transmit infectious agents from one person to another
  • vertebral -  of or relating to or constituting vertebrae
  • vertigo -  a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
  • viral -  relating to or caused by a virus
  • virilization -  the abnormal development of male sexual characteristics in a female (usually as the result of hormone therapies or adrenal malfunction)
  • visceral leishmaniasis -  leishmaniasis of the viscera
  • vitamin B -  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • vitamin D -  a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • vitiligo -  an acquired skin disease characterized by patches of unpigmented skin (often surrounded by a heavily pigmented border)
  • vomiting -  the reflex act of ejecting the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • von recklinghausen's disease -  autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous neurofibromas and by spots on the skin and often by developmental abnormalities
  • vulval -  of or relating to the vulva
  • vulvovaginitis -  inflammation of the vulva and the vagina
  • warfarin -  an anticoagulant (trade name Coumadin) use to prevent and treat a thrombus or embolus
  • wassermann test -  a blood test to detect syphilis; a complement fixation test is used to detect antibodies to the syphilis organism treponema; a positive reaction indicates the presence of antibodies and therefore syphilis infection
  • wasting -  a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse; any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
  • waterproof -  not permitting the passage of water;  any fabric impervious to water; a water-resistant coat; verb make watertight
  • wattle -  framework consisting of stakes interwoven with branches to form a fence; a fleshy wrinkled and often brightly colored fold of skin hanging from the neck or throat of certain birds (chickens and turkeys) or lizards;  interlace to form wattle; build of or with wattle
  • weary -  physically and mentally fatigued;  exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress; get tired of something or somebody
  • weber -  German physiologist who studied sensory responses to stimuli and is considered the father of psychophysics (1795-1878); German conductor and composer of romantic operas (1786-1826); German sociologist and pioneer of the analytic method in sociology (1864-1920); United States abstract painter (born in Russia) (1881-1961); German physicist and brother of E. H. Weber; noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1804-1891); a unit of magnetic flux equal to 100,000,000 maxwells
  • weeping -  showing sorrow;  the process of shedding tears (usually accompanied by sobs or other inarticulate sounds)
  • weil's disease -  a severe form of leptospirosis in human beings
  • werlhof's disease -  purpura associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets which can result from a variety of factors
  • white -  of or belonging to a racial group having light skin coloration; of summer nights in northern latitudes where the sun barely sets; being of the achromatic color of maximum lightness; having little or no hue owing to reflection of almost all incident light; (of hair) having lost its color; (of coffee) having cream or milk added; benevolent; without malicious intent; glowing white with heat; restricted to whites only; marked by the presence of snow; free from moral blemish or impurity; unsullied; anemic looking from illness or emotion; (of a surface) not written or printed on;  (board games) the lighter pieces; the quality or state of the achromatic color of greatest lightness (bearing the least resemblance to black); a tributary of the Mississippi River that flows southeastward through northern Arkansas and southern Missouri; a member of the Caucasoid race; United States educator who in 1865 (with Ezra Cornell) founded Cornell University and served as its first president (1832-1918); United States writer noted for his humorous essays (1899-1985); United States architect (1853-1906); United States political journalist (1915-1986); Australian writer (1912-1990); United States jurist appointed chief justice of the United States Supreme Court in 1910 by President Taft; noted for his work on antitrust legislation (1845-1921); (usually in the plural) trousers made of flannel or gabardine or tweed or white cloth; the white part of an egg; the nutritive and protective gelatinous substance surrounding the yolk consisting mainly of albumin dissolved in water; verb turn white
  • whitlow -  a purulent infection at the end of a finger or toe in the area surrounding the nail
  • widespread -  widely circulated or diffused; distributed over a considerable extent
  • windburn -  redness and irritation of the skin caused by exposure to high-velocity wind
  • windmill -  generator that extracts usable energy from winds; a mill that is powered by the wind
  • worsening -  changing for the worse;  changing something with the result that it becomes worse; process of changing to an inferior state
  • wrestler -  combatant who tries to throw opponent to the ground
  • writer -  writes (books or stories or articles or the like) professionally (for pay); a person who is able to write and has written something
  • xanthelasma -  xanthoma of the eyelids; occurs chiefly in the elderly
  • xanthoma disseminatum -  rare chronic xanthoma of adults n which orange or brownish papules develop on many surfaces of the body
  • xanthoma -  a skin problem marked by the development (on the eyelids and neck and back) of irregular yellow nodules; sometimes attributable to disturbances of cholesterol metabolism
  • xanthomatosis -  widespread xanthomas (especially on elbows and knees); often associated with a disorder of lipid metabolism
  • xeroderma pigmentosum -  a rare genetic condition characterized by an eruption of exposed skin occurring in childhood and photosensitivity with severe sunburn; inherited as a recessive autosomal trait in which DNA repair processes are defective so they are more likely to chromosome breaks and cancers when exposed to ultraviolet light
  • yaws -  an infectious tropical disease resembling syphilis in its early stages; marked by red skin eruptions and ulcerating lesions
  • yersinia pestis -  a bacillus bacterium that causes the plague; aerosolized bacteria can be used as a bioweapon
  • zidovudine -  an antiviral drug (trade name Retrovir) used in the treatment of AIDS; adverse side effects include liver damage and suppression of the bone marrow
  • zinc sulphate -  a colorless water-soluble powder; used as a mordant or to preserve wood or for the electrodeposition of zinc
  • zinsser -  United States bacteriologist who helped develop immunization against typhus fever (1878-1940)
  • zoster -  eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia

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Dermatology and Rheumatologic diseases A - Z

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Glossary of dermatology

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