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Glossary of food and drink

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  • abelmoschus -  genus of tropical coarse herbs having large lobed leaves and often yellow flowers
  • absinthe -  strong green liqueur flavored with wormwood and anise; aromatic herb of temperate eurasia and north africa having a bitter taste used in making the liqueur absinthe
  • accessory fruit -  fruit containing much fleshy tissue besides that of the ripened ovary; as apple or strawberry
  • acer saccharum -  maple of eastern and central north america having three-lobed to five-lobed leaves and hard close-grained wood much used for cabinet work especially the curly-grained form; sap is chief source of maple syrup and maple sugar; many subspecies
  • acetaldehyde -  a colorless volatile water-soluble liquid aldehyde used chiefly in manufacture of acetic acid and perfumes and drugs
  • acetone -  the simplest ketone; a highly inflammable liquid widely used as an organic solvent and as material for making plastics
  • achillea millefolium -  ubiquitous strong-scented mat-forming eurasian herb of wasteland, hedgerow or pasture having narrow serrate leaves and small usually white florets; widely naturalized in north america
  • acorn squash -  small dark green or yellow ribbed squash with yellow to orange flesh; squash plant bearing small acorn-shaped fruits having yellow flesh and dark green or yellow rind with longitudinal ridges
  • acorn -  fruit of the oak tree: a smooth thin-walled nut in a woody cup-shaped base
  • actinidia arguta -  climbing asiatic vine having long finely serrate leaves and racemes of white flowers followed by greenish-yellow edible fruit
  • actinidia deliciosa -  climbing vine native to china; cultivated in new zealand for its fuzzy edible fruit with green meat
  • activist -  advocating or engaged in activism;  a militant reformer
  • actor -  a theatrical performer; a person who acts and gets things done
  • adansonia -  baobab; cream-of-tartar tree
  • ade -  a sweetened beverage of diluted fruit juice
  • adh -  hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • adipic acid -  a carboxylic acid used in the manufacture of nylon
  • adobo -  a dish of marinated vegetables and meat or fish; served with rice
  • adulterant -  making impure or corrupt by adding extraneous materials;  any substance that adulterates (lessens the purity or effectiveness of a substance)
  • adzuki bean -  bushy annual widely grown in china and japan for the flour made from its seeds
  • aframomum melegueta -  west african plant bearing pungent peppery seeds
  • aftertaste -  an afterimage of a taste
  • agar -  a colloidal extract of algae; used especially in culture media and as a gelling agent in foods; any culture medium that uses agar as the gelling agent
  • agaricus campestris -  common edible mushroom found naturally in moist open soil; the cultivated mushroom of commerce
  • agave -  tropical american plants with basal rosettes of fibrous sword-shaped leaves and flowers in tall spikes; some cultivated for ornament or for fiber
  • agribusiness -  a large-scale farming enterprise
  • aioli -  garlic mayonnaise
  • akvavit -  scandinavian liquor usually flavored with caraway seeds
  • al dente -  of pasta cooked so as to be firm when eaten
  • alcohol abuse -  excessive use of alcohol and alcoholic drinks
  • alcoholic beverage -  a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent
  • alexander -  king of macedon; conqueror of greece and egypt and persia; founder of alexandria (356-323 bc); european herb somewhat resembling celery widely naturalized in britain coastal regions and often cultivated as a potherb
  • alfalfa -  leguminous plant grown for hay or forage; important european leguminous forage plant with trifoliate leaves and blue-violet flowers grown widely as a pasture and hay crop
  • alginic acid -  a gum used especially as a thickener or emulsifier
  • allemande sauce -  egg-thickened veloute
  • allentown -  a city in eastern pennsylvania; an industrial and commercial center
  • allium fistulosum -  asiatic onion with slender bulbs; used as early green onions
  • allium tricoccum -  north american perennial having a slender bulb and whitish flowers
  • allium tuberosum -  a plant of eastern asia; larger than allium schoenoprasum
  • allium ursinum -  pungent old world weedy plant
  • allspice -  ground dried berrylike fruit of a west indian allspice tree; suggesting combined flavors of cinnamon and nutmeg and cloves; deciduous shrubs having aromatic bark; eastern china; southwestern and eastern united states; aromatic west indian tree that produces allspice berries
  • almond -  oval-shaped edible seed of the almond tree; small bushy deciduous tree native to asia and north africa having pretty pink blossoms and highly prized edible nuts enclosed in a hard green hull; cultivated in southern australia and california
  • alosa -  shad
  • alpinia galanga -  southeastern asian perennial with aromatic roots
  • alpinia officinarum -  chinese perennial with pyramidal racemes of white flowers and pungent aromatic roots used medicinally and as flavoring
  • alum -  a double sulphate of aluminum and potassium that is used as an astringent (among other things); a white crystalline double sulfate of aluminum: the potassium double sulfate of aluminum; a white crystalline double sulfate of aluminum: the ammonium double sulfate of aluminum; a person who has received a degree from a school (high school or college or university)
  • amanita caesarea -  widely distributed edible mushroom resembling the fly agaric
  • amaranth -  any of various plants of the genus amaranthus having dense plumes of green or red flowers; often cultivated for food; seed of amaranth plants used as a native cereal in central and south america
  • amaretto -  an italian almond liqueur
  • amber -  of a medium to dark brownish yellow color;  a deep yellow color; a hard yellowish to brownish translucent fossil resin; used for jewelry
  • ambergris -  waxy substance secreted by the sperm whale and found floating at sea or washed ashore; used in perfume
  • ambrosia -  (classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods; mortals who ate it became immortal; fruit dessert made of oranges and bananas with shredded coconut; any of numerous chiefly north american weedy plants constituting the genus ambrosia that produce highly allergenic pollen responsible for much hay fever and asthma; a mixture of nectar and pollen prepared by worker bees and fed to larvae
  • amelanchier alnifolia -  shrub or small tree of northwestern north america having fragrant creamy white flowers and small waxy purple-red fruits
  • amelanchier -  north american deciduous trees or shrubs
  • american cheese -  hard smooth-textured cheese; originally made in cheddar in southwestern england
  • american chestnut -  large tree found from maine to alabama
  • american lobster -  lobster of atlantic coast of america; flesh of cold-water lobsters having large tender claws; caught from maine to the carolinas
  • american plaice -  large american food fish
  • amigo -  a friend or comrade
  • ammonium chloride -  a white salt used in dry cells
  • amontillado -  pale medium-dry sherry from spain
  • amphora -  an ancient jar with two handles and a narrow neck; used to hold oil or wine
  • anadama bread -  a yeast-raised bread made of white flour and cornmeal and molasses
  • anatomy -  a detailed analysis; the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals; alternative names for the body of a human being
  • anchor -  a mechanical device that prevents a vessel from moving; a central cohesive source of support and stability; a television reporter who coordinates a broadcast to which several correspondents contribute; verb secure a vessel with an anchor; fix firmly and stably
  • anchovy -  small herring-like plankton-eating fishes often canned whole or as paste; abundant in tropical waters worldwide; tiny fishes usually canned or salted; used for hors d'oeuvres or as seasoning in sauces
  • angel food cake -  a light sponge cake made without egg yolks
  • angelica archangelica -  a biennial cultivated herb; its stems are candied and eaten and its roots are used medicinally
  • angelica -  aromatic stems or leaves or roots of angelica archangelica; candied stalks of the angelica plant; any of various tall and stout herbs of the genus angelica having pinnately compound leaves and small white or greenish flowers in compound umbels
  • anguillidae -  eels that live in fresh water as adults but return to the sea to spawn
  • animal fat -  any fat obtained from animals
  • anise -  liquorice-flavored seeds or oil used in cookies or cakes or pickles; native to egypt but cultivated widely for its aromatic seeds and the oil from them used medicinally and as a flavoring in cookery
  • annona -  type genus of the annonaceae; tropical american trees or shrubs
  • ano -  a palestinian international terrorist organization that split from the plo in 1974; has conducted terrorist attacks in 20 countries
  • antarctica -  an extremely cold continent at the south pole almost entirely below the antarctic circle; covered by an ice cap up to 13,000 feet deep
  • anthriscus sylvestris -  coarse erect biennial old world herb introduced as a weed in eastern north america
  • apios americana -  a north american vine with fragrant blossoms and edible tubers; important food crop of native americans
  • appellation -  identifying word or words by which someone or something is called and classified or distinguished from others
  • appetite -  a feeling of craving something
  • apple butter -  thick dark spicy puree of apples
  • apple juice -  the juice of apples
  • apple pie -  pie (with a top crust) containing sliced apples and sugar
  • apple -  fruit with red or yellow or green skin and sweet to tart crisp whitish flesh; native eurasian tree widely cultivated in many varieties for its firm rounded edible fruits
  • appliance -  durable goods for home or office use; a device or control that is very useful for a particular job
  • apricot -  downy yellow to rosy-colored fruit resembling a small peach; asian tree having clusters of usually white blossoms and edible fruit resembling the peach; a shade of pink tinged with yellow
  • aqua vitae -  strong distilled liquor or brandy
  • aquaculture -  rearing aquatic animals or cultivating aquatic plants for food
  • aquarius -  the eleventh sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about january 20 to february 18; a zodiacal constellation in the southern hemisphere; between capricornus and pisces; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in aquarius
  • arak -  any of various strong liquors distilled from the fermented sap of toddy palms or from fermented molasses
  • aralia elata -  deciduous clump-forming asian shrub or small tree; adventive in the eastern united states
  • ararat -  the mountain peak that noah's ark landed on as the waters of the great flood receded
  • araucaria araucana -  large chilean evergreen conifer having intertwined branches and bearing edible nuts
  • arctic char -  small trout of northern waters; landlocked populations in quebec and northern new england
  • arctium lappa -  burdock having heart-shaped leaves found in open woodland, hedgerows and rough grassland of europe (except extreme n) and asia minor; sometimes cultivated for medicinal and culinary use
  • arctium -  burdock
  • arenga pinnata -  malaysian feather palm with base densely clothed with fibers; yields a sweet sap used in wine and trunk pith yields sago
  • arm -  the part of an armchair or sofa that supports the elbow and forearm of a seated person; any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm; a human limb; technically the part of the superior limb between the shoulder and the elbow but commonly used to refer to the whole superior limb; the part of a garment that is attached at the armhole and that provides a cloth covering for the arm; any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting; an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization; verb prepare oneself for a military confrontation; supply with arms
  • arnold palmer -  united states golfer (born in 1929)
  • arroz con pollo -  rice and chicken cooked together spanish style; highly seasoned especially with saffron
  • artemisia vulgaris -  european tufted aromatic perennial herb having hairy red or purple stems and dark green leaves downy white below and red-brown florets
  • artichoke -  a thistlelike flower head with edible fleshy leaves and heart; mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head
  • artist -  a person whose creative work shows sensitivity and imagination
  • as -  to the same degree (often followed by `as');  a united states territory on the eastern part of the island of samoa; a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
  • asafoetida -  the brownish gum resin of various plants; has strong taste and odor; formerly used as an antispasmodic
  • asarum europaeum -  thick creeping evergreen herb of western europe
  • asimina -  pawpaw
  • asparagine -  a crystalline amino acid found in proteins and in many plants (e.G., asparagus)
  • asparagus bean -  south american bean having very long succulent pods
  • asparagus -  edible young shoots of the asparagus plant; plant whose succulent young shoots are cooked and eaten as a vegetable
  • aspartame -  an artificial sweetener made from aspartic acid; used as a calorie-free sweetener
  • aspartic acid -  a crystalline amino acid found in proteins and occurring naturally in sugar beets and sugar cane
  • aspic -  savory jelly based on fish or meat stock used as a mold for meats or vegetables
  • atlanta -  a siege in which federal troops under sherman cut off the railroads supplying the city and then burned it; 1864; state capital and largest city of georgia; chief commercial center of the southeastern united states; was plundered and burned by sherman's army during the american civil war
  • atlantic bonito -  medium-sized tuna-like food fish of warm atlantic and pacific waters; less valued than tuna
  • atlantic cod -  one of the world's most important commercial fishes
  • atlantic herring -  important food fish; found in enormous shoals in the northern atlantic
  • atlantic salmon -  found in northern coastal atlantic waters or tributaries; adults do not die after spawning; fatty pink flesh of fish from northern coastal atlantic; usually marketed fresh
  • au -  a unit of length used for distances within the solar system; equal to the mean distance between the earth and the sun (approximately 93 million miles or 150 million kilometers); a soft yellow malleable ductile (trivalent and univalent) metallic element; occurs mainly as nuggets in rocks and alluvial deposits; does not react with most chemicals but is attacked by chlorine and aqua regia
  • aubergine -  egg-shaped vegetable having a shiny skin typically dark purple but occasionally white or yellow; hairy upright herb native to southeastern asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable
  • austin -  state capital of texas on the colorado river; site of the university of texas
  • australia -  a nation occupying the whole of the australian continent; aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern asia 20,000 years ago; first europeans were british convicts sent there as a penal colony; the smallest continent; between the south pacific and the indian ocean
  • automat -  a cafeteria where food is served from machines; a vending machine from which you can get food
  • avena -  oats
  • averrhoa bilimbi -  east indian evergreen tree bearing very acid fruit
  • avocado -  of the dull yellowish green of the meat of an avocado;  a pear-shaped tropical fruit with green or blackish skin and rich yellowish pulp enclosing a single large seed; tropical american tree bearing large pulpy green fruits
  • b-52 -  united states military aircraft; b- stands for bomber
  • b -  the blood group whose red cells carry the b antigen; the 2nd letter of the roman alphabet; aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil; (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter; a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels; a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder; originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several b vitamins
  • baba -  a small cake leavened with yeast
  • baby -  a project of personal concern to someone; a very young mammal; (slang) sometimes used as a term of address for attractive young women; the youngest member of a group (not necessarily young); a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk; an immature childish person; verb treat with excessive indulgence
  • bagel -  (yiddish) glazed yeast-raised doughnut-shaped roll with hard crust
  • baghdad -  capital and largest city of iraq; located on the tigris river
  • baguette -  narrow french stick loaf
  • bain-marie -  a large pan that is filled with hot water; smaller pans containing food can be set in the larger pan to keep food warm or to cook food slowly
  • baked alaska -  cake covered with ice cream and meringue browned quickly in an oven
  • baked potato -  potato that has been cooked by baking it in an oven
  • baker -  someone who bakes bread or cake; someone who bakes commercially
  • bakery -  a workplace where baked goods (breads and cakes and pastries) are produced or sold
  • baking powder -  any of various powdered mixtures used in baking as a substitute for yeast
  • baking -  as hot as if in an oven;  cooking by dry heat in an oven; making bread or cake or pastry etc.
  • baklava -  rich middle eastern cake made of thin layers of flaky pastry filled with nuts and honey
  • baldwin -  an american eating apple with red or yellow and red skin; english statesman; member of the conservative party (1867-1947); united states author who was an outspoken critic of racism (1924-1987)
  • balone -  any of various large edible marine gastropods of the genus haliotis having an ear-shaped shell with pearly interior
  • banana split -  a banana split lengthwise and topped with scoops of ice cream and sauces and nuts and whipped cream
  • bandung -  a city in indonesia; located on western java (southeast of jakarta); a resort known for its climate
  • barbados gooseberry -  small yellow to orange fruit of the barbados gooseberry cactus used in desserts and preserves and jellies; west indian woody climber with spiny stems and numerous fragrant white flowers in panicles followed by small yellow to orange fruits
  • barbarea verna -  of southwestern europe; cultivated in florida
  • barbarea -  biennial or perennial herbs of north temperate regions: winter cress
  • barbecue sauce -  spicy sweet and sour sauce usually based on catsup or chili sauce
  • barbecue -  a rack to hold meat for cooking over hot charcoal usually out of doors; a cookout in which food is cooked over an open fire; especially a whole animal carcass roasted on a spit; meat that has been barbecued or grilled in a highly seasoned sauce; verb cook outdoors on a barbecue grill
  • barilla -  algerian plant formerly burned to obtain calcium carbonate; bushy plant of old world salt marshes and sea beaches having prickly leaves; burned to produce a crude soda ash
  • barley water -  used to feed infants
  • barley-sugar -  a brittle transparent candy made by melting and cooling cane sugar
  • barmbrack -  a rich currant cake or bun
  • barrel -  a cylindrical container that holds liquids; a tube through which a bullet travels when a gun is fired; any of various units of capacity; the quantity that a barrel (of any size) will hold; a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends; verb put in barrels
  • bartender -  an employee who mixes and serves alcoholic drinks at a bar
  • basil -  leaves of the common basil; used fresh or dried; (roman catholic church) the bishop of caesarea who defended the roman catholic church against the heresies of the 4th century; a saint and doctor of the church (329-379); any of several old world tropical aromatic annual or perennial herbs of the genus ocimum
  • bass -  having or denoting a low vocal or instrumental range;  nontechnical name for any of numerous edible marine and freshwater spiny-finned fishes; the member with the lowest range of a family of musical instruments; the lowest part of the musical range; the lowest adult male singing voice; the lowest part in polyphonic music; an adult male singer with the lowest voice; any of various north american freshwater fish with lean flesh (especially of the genus micropterus); the lean flesh of a saltwater fish of the family serranidae
  • batter -  a flour mixture thin enough to pour or drop from a spoon; (baseball) a ballplayer who is batting; verb make a dent or impression in; strike violently and repeatedly; strike against forcefully
  • baum -  united states writer of children's books (1856-1919)
  • bay leaf -  dried leaf of the bay laurel
  • bazooka -  a portable rocket launcher used by infantrymen as an antitank weapon
  • bean -  any of various edible seeds of plants of the family leguminosae used for food; any of various leguminous plants grown for their edible seeds and pods; any of various seeds or fruits that are beans or resemble beans; informal terms for a human head; verb hit on the head, especially with a pitched baseball
  • bear claw -  claw of a bear; often used in jewelry; an incised design resembling the claw of a bear; used in native american pottery; almond-flavored yeast-raised pastry shaped in an irregular semicircle resembling a bear's claw
  • bed-and-breakfast -  an overnight boardinghouse with breakfast
  • beef stroganoff -  sauteed strips of beef and mushrooms in sour cream sauce served with noodles
  • beef tenderloin -  beef loin muscle
  • beef wellington -  rare-roasted beef tenderloin coated with mushroom paste in puff pastry
  • beef -  cattle that are reared for their meat; meat from an adult domestic bovine; informal terms for objecting; verb complain
  • beefalo -  hardy breed of cattle resulting from crossing domestic cattle with the american buffalo; yields leaner beef than conventional breeds
  • beefsteak tomato -  any of several large tomatoes with thick flesh
  • beefsteak -  a slice of beef usually cooked by broiling
  • beer -  a general name for alcoholic beverages made by fermenting a cereal (or mixture of cereals) flavored with hops
  • beignet -  a square, very rich drop friedcake dusted with confectioners' sugar
  • bell pepper -  large bell-shaped sweet pepper in green or red or yellow or orange or black varieties; plant bearing large mild thick-walled usually bell-shaped fruits; the principal salad peppers
  • bellini -  italian composer of operas (1801-1835)
  • beluga caviar -  roe of beluga sturgeon usually from russia; highly valued
  • beluga -  valuable source of caviar and isinglass; found in black and caspian seas; small northern whale that is white when adult
  • ben -  a mountain or tall hill
  • benedictine -  of or relating to the benedictines; of or relating to saint benedict or his works;  a french liqueur originally made by benedictine monks; a monk or nun belonging to the order founded by saint benedict
  • berberis vulgaris -  upright deciduous european shrub widely naturalized in united states having clusters of juicy berries
  • berberis -  large genus of shrubs of temperate zones of new and old worlds
  • bergamot orange -  small tree with pear-shaped fruit whose oil is used in perfumery; italy
  • berliner -  an inhabitant of berlin
  • berry -  any of numerous small and pulpy edible fruits; used as desserts or in making jams and jellies and preserves; united states rock singer (born in 1931); a small fruit having any of various structures, e.G., simple (grape or blueberry) or aggregate (blackberry or raspberry); verb pick or gather berries
  • beta vulgaris -  biennial eurasian plant usually having a swollen edible root; widely cultivated as a food crop
  • beta -  preliminary or testing stage of a software or hardware product; second in order of importance;  the 2nd letter of the greek alphabet; beets
  • beverage -  any liquid suitable for drinking
  • bhang -  a preparation of the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant; much used in india
  • bigos -  a polish stew of cabbage and meat
  • bijou -  a small and delicately worked piece
  • billy mitchell -  united states aviator and general who was an early advocate of military air power (1879-1936)
  • biltong -  meat that is salted and cut into strips and dried in the sun
  • bing cherry -  dark red or blackish sweet cherry
  • birch beer -  carbonated drink containing an extract from bark of birch trees
  • birthday cake -  decorated cake served at a birthday party
  • biryani -  an indian dish made with highly seasoned rice and meat or fish or vegetables
  • biscuit -  small round bread leavened with baking-powder or soda; any of various small flat sweet cakes (`biscuit' is the british term)
  • bisque -  a thick cream soup made from shellfish
  • bistro -  a small informal restaurant; serves wine
  • bitter lemon -  tart lemon-flavored carbonated drink
  • bitter orange -  highly acidic orange used especially in marmalade; any of various common orange trees yielding sour or bitter fruit; used as grafting stock
  • bitters -  alcoholic liquor flavored with bitter herbs and roots
  • bivalve -  used of mollusks having two shells (as clams etc.);  marine or freshwater mollusks having a soft body with platelike gills enclosed within two shells hinged together
  • bk -  a radioactive transuranic element; discovered by bombarding americium with helium
  • black pepper -  pepper that is ground from whole peppercorns with husks on; climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully ripe; southern india and sri lanka; naturalized in northern burma and assam
  • black tea -  fermented tea leaves
  • black-and-tan -  having a pattern of black and tan
  • blackberry -  large sweet black or very dark purple edible aggregate fruit of any of various bushes of the genus rubus; bramble with sweet edible black or dark purple berries that usually do not separate from the receptacle; verb pick or gather blackberries
  • blancmange -  sweet almond-flavored milk pudding thickened with gelatin or cornstarch; usually molded
  • blighia sapida -  widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions for its fragrant flowers and colorful fruits; introduced in jamaica by william bligh
  • blini -  russian pancake of buckwheat flour and yeast; usually served with caviar and sour cream
  • blintz -  (judaism) thin pancake folded around a filling and fried or baked
  • bloater -  large fatty herring lightly salted and briefly smoked
  • blood sausage -  a black sausage containing pig's blood and other ingredients
  • blt -  sandwich filled with slices of bacon and tomato with lettuce
  • blubber -  an insulating layer of fat under the skin of whales and other large marine mammals; used as a source of oil; excess bodily weight; verb utter while crying; cry or whine with snuffling
  • blue cheese -  cheese containing a blue mold
  • blue moon -  a long time
  • blueberry -  sweet edible dark-blue berries of either low-growing or high-growing blueberry plants; any of numerous shrubs of the genus vaccinium bearing blueberries
  • bluefish -  bluish warm-water marine food and game fish that follow schools of small fishes into shallow waters; fatty bluish flesh of bluefish
  • bluegill -  important edible sunfish of eastern and central united states
  • boeuf -  meat from an adult domestic bovine
  • boiled egg -  egg cooked briefly in the shell in gently boiling water
  • boiling -  extremely;  cooking in a liquid that has been brought to a boil; the application of heat to change something from a liquid to a gas
  • boletus edulis -  a edible and choice fungus; has a convex cap that is slightly viscid when fresh and moist but soon dries and a thick bulbous tan stalk
  • boll weevil -  greyish weevil that lays its eggs in cotton bolls destroying the cotton
  • bologna sausage -  large smooth-textured smoked sausage of beef and veal and pork
  • bombyx mori -  stocky creamy-white asiatic moth found almost entirely under human care; the source of most of the silk of commerce
  • bonbon -  a candy that usually has a center of fondant or fruit or nuts coated in chocolate
  • bone char -  black substance containing char in the form of carbonized bone; used as a black pigment
  • bonito -  any of various scombroid fishes intermediate in size and characteristics between mackerels and tunas; fish whose flesh is dried and flaked for japanese cookery; may be same species as skipjack tuna; flesh of mostly pacific food fishes of the genus sarda of the family scombridae; related to but smaller than tuna
  • bookstore -  a shop where books are sold
  • boost -  the act of giving hope or support to someone; the act of giving a push; an increase in cost; verb give a boost to; be beneficial to; increase or raise; push or shove upward, as if from below or behind; increase; contribute to the progress or growth of
  • borage -  leaves flavor sauces and punches; young leaves eaten in salads or cooked; hairy blue-flowered european annual herb long used in herbal medicine and eaten raw as salad greens or cooked like spinach
  • borax -  an ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent
  • bordeaux wine -  any of several red or white wines produced around bordeaux, france or wines resembling them
  • borscht -  a russian soup usually containing beet juice as a foundation
  • boston cream pie -  layer cake filled with custard
  • botany -  the branch of biology that studies plants; all the plant life in a particular region or period
  • bottle opener -  an opener for removing caps or corks from bottles
  • bottle -  a glass or plastic vessel used for storing drinks or other liquids; typically cylindrical without handles and with a narrow neck that can be plugged or capped; a vessel fitted with a flexible teat and filled with milk or formula; used as a substitute for breast feeding infants and very young children; the quantity contained in a bottle; verb put into bottles; store (liquids or gases) in bottles
  • bottled water -  drinking water (often spring water) that is put into bottles and offered for sale
  • botulism -  food poisoning from ingesting botulin; not infectious; affects the cns; can be fatal if not treated promptly
  • bouillabaisse -  highly seasoned mediterranean soup or stew made of several kinds of fish and shellfish with tomatoes and onions or leeks and seasoned with saffron and garlic and herbs
  • bouillon -  a clear seasoned broth
  • bouncer -  a person whose duty is to throw troublemakers out of a bar or public meeting
  • bounty -  a ship of the british navy; in 1789 part of the crew mutinied against their commander william bligh and set him afloat in an open boat; generosity evidenced by a willingness to give freely; payment or reward (especially from a government) for acts such as catching criminals or killing predatory animals or enlisting in the military; the property of copious abundance
  • bourbon -  whiskey distilled from a mash of corn and malt and rye and aged in charred oak barrels; a european royal line that ruled in france (from 1589-1793) and spain and naples and sicily; a member of the european royal family that ruled france; a reactionary politician in the united states (usually from the south)
  • bovril -  an extract of beef (given to people who are ill)
  • bowl -  a dish that is round and open at the top for serving foods; a round vessel that is open at the top; used for holding fruit or liquids or for serving food; a small round container that is open at the top for holding tobacco; a wooden ball (with flattened sides so that it rolls on a curved course) used in the game of lawn bowling; the quantity contained in a bowl; a concave shape with an open top; a large ball with finger holes used in the sport of bowling; a large structure for open-air sports or entertainments; verb engage in the sport of bowling; roll (a ball)
  • boycott -  a group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies; verb refuse to sponsor; refuse to do business with
  • boysenberry -  large raspberry-flavored fruit; cross between blackberries and raspberries; cultivated hybrid bramble of california having large dark wine-red fruit with a flavor resembling raspberries
  • br -  a marxist-leninist terrorist organization that arose out of a student protest movement in the late 1960s; wants to separate italy from nato and advocates violence in the service of class warfare and revolution; mostly inactive since 1989; a nonmetallic largely pentavalent heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogens; found in sea water
  • braising -  cooking slowly in fat in a closed pot with little moisture
  • bramble -  any of various rough thorny shrubs or vines
  • bran -  food prepared from the husks of cereal grains; broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
  • brand -  a recognizable kind; identification mark on skin, made by burning; a piece of wood that has been burned or is burning; a cutting or thrusting weapon that has a long metal blade and a hilt with a hand guard; a symbol of disgrace or infamy; a name given to a product or service; verb burn with a branding iron to indicate ownership; of animals; mark or expose as infamous; to accuse or condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful
  • brandy -  distilled from wine or fermented fruit juice
  • brass monkey -  a metal stand that formerly held cannon balls on sailing ships
  • brasserie -  a small restaurant serving beer and wine as well as food; usually cheap
  • brassica juncea -  asiatic mustard used as a potherb
  • brassica nigra -  widespread eurasian annual plant cultivated for its pungent seeds; a principal source of table mustard
  • brassica oleracea -  wild original of cultivated cabbages; common in western coastal europe; any of various cultivars of the genus brassica oleracea grown for their edible leaves or flowers
  • brassica rapa -  widely cultivated plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root
  • brassica -  mustards: cabbages; cauliflowers; turnips; etc.
  • brassicaceae -  plants with four-petaled flowers
  • bratwurst -  a small pork sausage
  • brawn -  possessing muscular strength
  • brazier -  large metal container in which coal or charcoal is burned; warms people who must stay outside for long times
  • brazil nut -  three-sided tropical american nut with white oily meat and hard brown shell; tall south american tree bearing brazil nuts
  • bread knife -  a knife used to cut bread
  • bread -  food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked; informal terms for money; verb cover with bread crumbs
  • breadbasket -  a basket for serving bread; a geographic region serving as the principal source of grain; an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal; the principal organ of digestion
  • breadfruit -  a large round seedless or seeded fruit with a texture like bread; eaten boiled or baked or roasted or ground into flour; the roasted seeds resemble chestnuts; native to pacific islands and having edible fruit with a texture like bread
  • breadstick -  a crisp stick-shaped roll; often served with soup
  • breakaway -  having separated or advocating separation from another entity or policy or attitude;  the act of breaking away or withdrawing from
  • breakfast -  the first meal of the day (usually in the morning); verb eat an early morning meal; provide breakfast for
  • brewer's yeast -  yeast used in fermenting beer; used as a leaven in baking and brewing
  • brewery -  a plant where beer is brewed by fermentation
  • brewing -  the production of malt beverages (as beer or ale) from malt and hops by grinding and boiling them and fermenting the result with yeast
  • brie -  soft creamy white cheese; milder than camembert
  • brill -  european food fish
  • brine -  a strong solution of salt and water used for pickling; water containing salts; verb soak in brine
  • brioche -  a light roll rich with eggs and butter and somewhat sweet
  • brisket -  a cut of meat from the breast or lower chest especially of beef
  • broccoli -  branched green undeveloped flower heads; plant with dense clusters of tight green flower buds
  • brochette -  a small spit or skewer
  • broiling -  cooking by direct exposure to radiant heat (as over a fire or under a grill)
  • bronx -  a borough of new york city
  • brooks -  united states literary critic and historian (1886-1963)
  • broth -  a thin soup of meat or fish or vegetable stock; liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.G. Soups or sauces
  • brown rice -  unpolished rice retaining the yellowish-brown outer layer
  • brown sauce -  bouillon or beef stock thickened with butter and flour roux and variously seasoned with herbs or worcestershire etc.; a sauce based on soy sauce
  • brown sugar -  unrefined or only partly refined sugar
  • brucine -  a bitter alkaloid poison resembling strychnine and extracted from nux vomica
  • brunch -  combination breakfast and lunch; usually served in late morning; verb eat a meal in the late morning
  • brunswick stew -  spicy southern specialty: chicken (or small game) with corn and tomatoes and lima beans and okra and onions and potatoes
  • brussels sprout -  plant grown for its stout stalks of edible small green heads resembling diminutive cabbages
  • bubble and squeak -  leftover cabbage and potatoes and meat fried together
  • bubble gum -  a kind of chewing gum that can be blown into bubbles
  • bubble up - verb move upwards in bubbles, as from the effect of heating; also used metaphorically
  • buckwheat -  grain ground into flour; a member of the genus fagopyrum; annual asian plant with clusters of small pinkish white flowers and small edible triangular seeds which are used whole or ground into flour
  • buffalo wing -  crisp spicy chicken wings
  • buffet -  a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers; a meal set out on a buffet at which guests help themselves; usually inexpensive bar; verb strike, beat repeatedly; strike against forcefully
  • bulgur -  parched crushed wheat
  • bun -  small rounded bread either plain or sweet
  • burger -  united states jurist appointed chief justice of the united states supreme court by richard nixon (1907-1995); a sandwich consisting of a fried cake of minced beef served on a bun, often with other ingredients
  • burgoo -  thick spicy stew of whatever meat and whatever vegetables are available; southern united states; a gathering at which burgoo stew is served; porridge made of rolled oats
  • burgundy wine -  red table wine from the burgundy region of france (or any similar wine made elsewhere)
  • businessman -  a person engaged in commercial or industrial business (especially an owner or executive)
  • butanone -  colorless soluble flammable liquid ketone used as a solvent for resins and as a paint remover and in lacquers and cements and adhesives and cleaning fluids and celluloid
  • butcher paper -  a strong wrapping paper that resists penetration by blood or meat fluids
  • butcher -  a person who slaughters or dresses meat for market; a brutal indiscriminate murderer; a retailer of meat; someone who makes mistakes because of incompetence; verb kill (animals) usually for food consumption
  • butter knife -  a small knife with a dull blade; for cutting or spreading butter
  • butter -  an edible emulsion of fat globules made by churning milk or cream; for cooking and table use; a fighter who strikes the opponent with his head; verb spread butter on
  • butterball -  small north american diving duck; males have bushy head plumage; a rotund individual
  • buttermilk -  residue from making butter from sour raw milk; or pasteurized milk curdled by adding a culture
  • butternut squash -  buff-colored squash with a long usually straight neck and sweet orange flesh; plant bearing buff-colored squash having somewhat bottle-shaped fruit with fine-textured edible flesh and a smooth thin rind
  • butterscotch -  a hard brittle candy made with butter and brown sugar
  • ca -  a state in the western united states on the pacific; the 3rd largest state; known for earthquakes; a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • cab -  a car driven by a person whose job is to take passengers where they want to go in exchange for money; small two-wheeled horse-drawn carriage; with two seats and a folding hood; a compartment at the front of a motor vehicle or locomotive where driver sits; verb ride in a taxicab
  • cabbage -  any of various types of cabbage; any of various cultivars of the genus brassica oleracea grown for their edible leaves or flowers; informal terms for money; verb make off with belongings of others
  • cabernet sauvignon -  superior bordeaux type of red wine
  • caesar salad -  typically having fried croutons and dressing made with a raw egg
  • caesar -  conqueror of gaul and master of italy (100-44 bc); united states comedian who pioneered comedy television shows (born 1922)
  • cafeteria -  a restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashier
  • caff -  informal british term for a cafe
  • caffeine -  a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  • cake -  a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax); made from or based on a mixture of flour and sugar and eggs; small flat mass of chopped food; verb form a coat over
  • calabash -  a pipe for smoking; has a curved stem and a large bowl made from a calabash gourd; tropical american evergreen that produces large round gourds; round gourd of the calabash tree; bottle made from the dried shell of a bottle gourd; old world climbing plant with hard-shelled bottle-shaped gourds as fruits
  • calcium lactate -  a white crystalline salt made by the action of lactic acid on calcium carbonate; used in foods (as a baking powder) and given medically as a source of calcium
  • calendula officinalis -  the common european annual marigold
  • callinectes sapidus -  bluish edible crab of atlantic and gulf coasts of north america
  • calorie -  unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure; a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree at one atmosphere pressure; used by nutritionists to characterize the energy-producing potential in food
  • calvados -  dry apple brandy made in normandy
  • camassia quamash -  plant having a large edible bulb and linear basal leaves and racemes of light to deep violet-blue star-shaped flowers on tall green scapes; western north america
  • camden -  a city in southwestern new jersey on the delaware river near pittsburgh
  • camel -  cud-chewing mammal used as a draft or saddle animal in desert regions
  • camellia sinensis -  a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.G. China and japan and india; source of tea leaves
  • camembert -  rich soft creamy french cheese
  • cameo -  engraving or carving in low relief on a stone (as in a brooch or ring)
  • camphor -  a resin obtained from the camphor tree; used in making celluloid and liniment
  • can opener -  a device for cutting cans open
  • canada -  a nation in northern north america; the french were the first europeans to settle in mainland canada
  • cananga odorata -  evergreen asian tree with aromatic greenish-yellow flowers yielding a volatile oil; widely grown in the tropics as an ornamental
  • canary grass -  canary islands grass; seeds used as feed for caged birds
  • cancer irroratus -  crab of eastern coast of north america
  • candy apple -  an apple that is covered with a candy-like substance (usually caramelized sugar)
  • candy cane -  a hard candy in the shape of a rod (usually with stripes)
  • candy corn -  a small yellow and white candy shaped to resemble a kernel of corn
  • candy thermometer -  a thermometer used to determine the temperature of candy syrups during cooking
  • candy -  a rich sweet made of flavored sugar and often combined with fruit or nuts; verb coat with something sweet, such as a hard sugar glaze
  • canna -  any plant of the genus canna having large sheathing leaves and clusters of large showy flowers
  • cannabis -  the most commonly used illicit drug; considered a soft drug, it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or chewed for euphoric effect; any plant of the genus cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
  • cannelloni -  tubular pasta filled with meat or cheese
  • canola oil -  vegetable oil made from rapeseed
  • cantaloupe -  a variety of muskmelon vine having fruit with a tan rind and orange flesh; the fruit of a cantaloup vine; small to medium-sized melon with yellowish flesh
  • cantharellus -  a well-known genus of fungus; has funnel-shaped fruiting body; includes the chanterelles
  • capelin -  very small northern fish; forage for sea birds and marine mammals and other fishes
  • caper -  a playful leap or hop; a crime (especially a robbery); pickled flower buds used as a pungent relish in various dishes and sauces; any of numerous plants of the genus capparis; a ludicrous or grotesque act done for fun and amusement; gay or light-hearted recreational activity for diversion or amusement; verb jump about playfully
  • capon -  castrated male chicken; flesh of a castrated male chicken
  • capparis mitchellii -  small australian tree bearing edible dark purple fruit
  • cappuccino -  equal parts of espresso and hot milk topped with cinnamon and nutmeg and usually whipped cream
  • capric acid -  a fatty acid found in animal oils and fats; has an unpleasant smell resembling goats
  • caprice -  a sudden desire
  • caprylic acid -  a fatty acid having a rancid taste; found in butter and other fats and oils
  • capsaicin -  colorless pungent crystalline compound derived from capsicum; source of the hotness of hot peppers of the genus capsicum such as chili and cayenne and jalapeno
  • capsicum frutescens -  plant bearing very hot medium-sized oblong red peppers; grown principally in the gulf coast states for production of hot sauce
  • capsicum -  any of various tropical plants of the genus capsicum bearing peppers; chiefly tropical perennial shrubby plants having many-seeded fruits: sweet and hot peppers
  • caragana arborescens -  large spiny shrub of eastern asia having clusters of yellow flowers; often cultivated in shelterbelts and hedges
  • carambola -  deeply ridged yellow-brown tropical fruit; used raw as a vegetable or in salad or when fully ripe as a dessert; east indian tree bearing deeply ridged yellow-brown fruit
  • caramel apple -  an apple that is covered with a candy-like substance (usually caramelized sugar)
  • caramel -  having the color of caramel; of a moderate yellow-brown;  burnt sugar; used to color and flavor food; firm chewy candy made from caramelized sugar and butter and milk; a medium to dark tan color
  • caraway -  leaves used sparingly in soups and stews; a eurasian plant with small white flowers yielding caraway seed
  • carbonara -  sauce for pasta; contains eggs and bacon or ham and grated cheese
  • carbonated water -  effervescent beverage artificially charged with carbon dioxide
  • carboxymethyl cellulose -  an acid derivative of cellulose
  • carboy -  a large bottle for holding corrosive liquids; usually cushioned in a special container
  • cardamom -  aromatic seeds used as seasoning like cinnamon and cloves especially in pickles and barbecue sauces; rhizomatous herb of india having aromatic seeds used as seasoning
  • cardoon -  only parts eaten are roots and especially stalks (blanched and used as celery); related to artichokes; southern european plant having spiny leaves and purple flowers cultivated for its edible leafstalks and roots
  • carica -  type genus of the caricaceae; tropical american trees: papayas
  • carissa -  a shrub of the genus carissa having fragrant white flowers and plumlike red to purple-black fruits
  • carmine -  of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies;  a variable color averaging a vivid red; verb color carmine
  • carnauba wax -  hard yellowish to brownish wax from leaves of the carnauba palm used especially in floor waxes and polishes
  • carob -  powder from the ground seeds and pods of the carob tree; used as a chocolate substitute; evergreen mediterranean tree with edible pods; the biblical carob; long pod containing small beans and sweetish edible pulp; used as animal feed and source of a chocolate substitute
  • carotene -  yellow or orange-red fat-soluble pigments in plants; an orange isomer of an unsaturated hydrocarbon found in many plants; is converted into vitamin a in the liver
  • carp -  any of various freshwater fish of the family cyprinidae; the lean flesh of a fish that is often farmed; can be baked or braised; verb raise trivial objections
  • carrageenan -  a colloidal extract from carrageen seaweed and other red algae
  • carrot juice -  usually freshly squeezed juice of carrots
  • carrot -  promise of reward as in "Carrot and stick"; orange root; important source of carotene; perennial plant widely cultivated as an annual in many varieties for its long conical orange edible roots; temperate and tropical regions; deep orange edible root of the cultivated carrot plant
  • carya ovata -  north american hickory having loose grey shaggy bark and edible nuts
  • caryocar nuciferum -  large south american evergreen tree trifoliate leaves and drupes with nutlike seeds used as food and a source of cooking oil
  • cascabel -  bell attached to a sleigh, or to harness of horse pulling a sleigh
  • casein -  a milk protein used in making e.G. Plastics and adhesives; a water-base paint made with a protein precipitated from milk
  • cash crop -  a readily salable crop that is grown and gathered for the market (as vegetables or cotton or tobacco)
  • cashew -  kidney-shaped nut edible only when roasted; tropical american evergreen tree bearing kidney-shaped nuts that are edible only when roasted
  • cask -  the quantity a cask will hold; a cylindrical container that holds liquids
  • cassava -  any of several plants of the genus manihot having fleshy roots yielding a nutritious starch; cassava root eaten as a staple food after drying and leaching; source of tapioca; a starch made by leaching and drying the root of the cassava plant; the source of tapioca; a staple food in the tropics
  • casserole -  large deep dish in which food can be cooked and served; food cooked and served in a casserole
  • castanea crenata -  a spreading tree of japan that has a short trunk
  • castanea sativa -  wild or cultivated throughout southern europe, northwestern africa and southwestern asia
  • castanospermum -  a rosid dicot genus of the subfamily papilionoideae having one species: moreton bay chestnut
  • castle -  interchanging the positions of the king and a rook; a large building formerly occupied by a ruler and fortified against attack; (chess) the piece that can move any number of unoccupied squares in a direction parallel to the sides of the chessboard; a large and stately mansion; verb move the king two squares toward a rook and in the same move the rook to the square next past the king
  • catawba -  the siouan language spoken by the catawba; slipskin grape; a reddish american table grape; a member of the siouan people formerly living in the carolinas
  • catering -  providing food and services
  • catfish -  any of numerous mostly freshwater bottom-living fishes of eurasia and north america with barbels like whiskers around the mouth; flesh of scaleless food fish of the southern united states; often farmed; large ferocious northern deep-sea food fishes with strong teeth and no pelvic fins
  • cauldron -  a very large pot that is used for boiling
  • cauliflower -  compact head of white undeveloped flowers; a plant having a large edible head of crowded white flower buds
  • caviar -  salted roe of sturgeon or other large fish; usually served as an hors d'oeuvre
  • cayenne pepper -  a long and often twisted hot red pepper; ground pods and seeds of pungent red peppers of the genus capsicum; plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
  • celeriac -  thickened edible aromatic root of a variety of celery plant; grown for its thickened edible aromatic root
  • celery cabbage -  elongated head of crisp celery-like stalks and light green leaves; plant with an elongated head of broad stalked leaves resembling celery; used as a vegetable in east asia
  • celery -  stalks eaten raw or cooked or used as seasoning; widely cultivated herb with aromatic leaf stalks that are eaten raw or cooked
  • celosia argentea -  weedy annual with spikes of silver-white flowers
  • celosia -  annual or perennial herbs or vines of tropical and subtropical america and asia and africa
  • celtuce -  leaves having celery-like stems eaten raw or cooked; lettuce valued especially for its edible stems
  • central -  in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area; centrally located and easy to reach; used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place; serving as an essential component;  a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • cereal -  made of grain or relating to grain or the plants that produce it;  a breakfast food prepared from grain; grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat; rice; rye; oats; maize; buckwheat; millet; foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses
  • ceres -  the largest asteroid and the first discovered; (roman mythology) goddess of agriculture; counterpart of greek demeter
  • chaenomeles -  flowering quince
  • chain store -  one of a chain of retail stores under the same management and selling the same merchandise
  • chalice -  a bowl-shaped drinking vessel; especially the eucharistic cup
  • chalky -  of something having the color of chalk; composed of or containing or resembling calcium carbonate or calcite or chalk
  • challah -  (judaism) a loaf of white bread containing eggs and leavened with yeast; often formed into braided loaves and glazed with eggs before baking
  • champ -  someone who has won first place in a competition; verb chafe at the bit, like horses; chew noisily
  • champagne -  a white sparkling wine either produced in champagne or resembling that produced there; a region of northeastern france
  • chapati -  flat pancake-like bread cooked on a griddle
  • chard -  long succulent whitish stalks with large green leaves; beet lacking swollen root; grown as a vegetable for its edible leaves and stalks
  • chardonnay -  dry white table wine resembling chablis but made from chardonnay grapes; white wine grape
  • charger -  formerly a strong swift horse ridden into battle; a device for charging or recharging batteries
  • charybdis -  (greek mythology) a ship-devouring whirlpool lying on the other side of a narrow strait from scylla
  • chase -  united states politician and jurist who served as chief justice of the united states supreme court (1808-1873); the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture; verb cut a groove into; go after with the intent to catch; pursue someone sexually or romantically; cut a furrow into a columns
  • chateaubriand -  a very thick center cut of beef tenderloin; french statesman and writer; considered a precursor of the romantic movement in france (1768-1848)
  • cheddar cheese -  hard smooth-textured cheese; originally made in cheddar in southwestern england
  • cheerio -  a farewell remark
  • cheese -  a solid food prepared from the pressed curd of milk; erect or decumbent old world perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in united states; verb wind onto a cheese; used in the imperative (get away, or stop it)
  • cheeseburger -  a hamburger with melted cheese on it
  • cheesecake -  a photograph of an attractive woman in minimal attire; made with sweetened cream cheese and eggs and cream baked in a crumb crust
  • chef -  a professional cook
  • chenin blanc -  made in california and the loire valley in france; white grape grown especially in california and the lower loire valley of france
  • chenopodium album -  common weedy european plant introduced into north america; often used as a potherb
  • cherimoya -  large tropical fruit with leathery skin and soft pulp; related to custard apples; small tropical american tree bearing round or oblong fruit
  • cherry plum -  small asiatic tree bearing edible red or yellow fruit; used in europe as budding stock
  • cherry tomato -  small red to yellow tomatoes; plant bearing small red to yellow fruit
  • cherry -  of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies;  a red fruit with a single hard stone; any of numerous trees and shrubs producing a small fleshy round fruit with a single hard stone; many also produce a valuable hardwood; wood of any of various cherry trees especially the black cherry; a red the color of ripe cherries
  • chervil -  fresh ferny parsley-like leaves used as a garnish with chicken and veal and omelets and green salads and spinach; aromatic annual old world herb cultivated for its finely divided and often curly leaves for use especially in soups and salads
  • cheshire cheese -  a mild yellow english cheese with a crumbly texture
  • chestnut -  (of hair) of a golden brown to reddish brown color;  a dark golden-brown or reddish-brown horse; a small horny callus on the inner surface of a horse's leg; edible nut of any of various chestnut trees of the genus castanea; any of several attractive deciduous trees yellow-brown in autumn; yield a hard wood and edible nuts in a prickly bur; wood of any of various chestnut trees of the genus castanea
  • chewing gum -  a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing; a gum prepared for chewing; sweetened and flavored
  • chicha -  an oriental tobacco pipe with a long flexible tube connected to a container where the smoke is cooled by passing through water
  • chicken kiev -  pounded chicken cutlets rolled around butter (that has been seasoned with herbs) and then covered with crumbs and fried
  • chicken marengo -  braised chicken with onions and mushrooms in a wine and tomato sauce
  • chicken salad -  salad composed primarily of chopped chicken meat
  • chicken soup -  soup made from chicken broth
  • chickpea -  large white roundish asiatic legume; usually dried; asiatic herb cultivated for its short pods with one or two edible seeds; the seed of the chickpea plant
  • chicle -  gum-like substance from the sapodilla
  • chicory -  crisp spiky leaves with somewhat bitter taste; root of the chicory plant roasted and ground to substitute for or adulterate coffee; perennial old world herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads; the dried root of the chicory plant: used as a coffee substitute
  • chili con carne -  ground beef and chili peppers or chili powder often with tomatoes and kidney beans
  • chili pepper -  very hot and finely tapering pepper of special pungency; plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
  • chili powder -  powder made of ground chili peppers mixed with e.G. Cumin and garlic and oregano
  • chinese cabbage -  elongated head of crisp celery-like stalks and light green leaves; plant with an elongated head of broad stalked leaves resembling celery; used as a vegetable in east asia
  • chinese restaurant syndrome -  headache and tingling or burning feelings and sweating caused by eating food that contains monosodium glutamate
  • chipolata -  a small thin sausage
  • chipotle -  a ripe jalapeno that has been dried for use in cooking
  • chitterlings -  small intestines of hogs prepared as food
  • chives -  cylindrical leaves used fresh as a mild onion-flavored seasoning; perennial having hollow cylindrical leaves used for seasoning
  • chlorella -  any alga of the genus chlorella
  • chocolate bar -  a bar of chocolate candy
  • chocolate cake -  cake containing chocolate
  • chocolate chip cookie -  cookies containing chocolate chips
  • chocolate milk -  milk flavored with chocolate syrup
  • chocolate pudding -  sweet chocolate flavored custard-like pudding usually thickened with flour rather than eggs
  • chocolate truffle -  creamy chocolate candy
  • chocolate -  a medium brown to dark-brown color; a food made from roasted ground cacao beans; a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • chondrus crispus -  dark purple edible seaweed of the atlantic coasts of europe and north america
  • chop suey -  meat or fish stir-fried with vegetables (e.G., celery, onions, peppers or bean sprouts) seasoned with ginger and garlic and soy sauce; served with rice; created in the united states and frequently served in chinese restaurants there
  • chorizo -  a spicy spanish pork sausage
  • chow chow -  breed of medium-sized dogs with a thick coat and fluffy curled tails and distinctive blue-black tongues; believed to have originated in northern china
  • chow mein -  chop suey served with fried noodles
  • christmas cake -  a rich fruitcake (usually covered with icing and marzipan) and eaten at christmas
  • christmas pudding -  a rich steamed or boiled pudding that resembles cake
  • chrysanthemum -  any of numerous perennial old world herbs having showy brightly colored flower heads of the genera chrysanthemum, argyranthemum, dendranthema, tanacetum; widely cultivated; the flower of a chrysanthemum plant
  • chub mackerel -  small mackerel found nearly worldwide
  • chum salmon -  a large pacific salmon with small spots on its back; an important food fish
  • church key -  can opener that has a triangular pointed end that pierces the tops of cans
  • churchill -  a canadian town in northern manitoba on hudson bay; important port for shipping grain; british statesman and leader during world war ii; received nobel prize for literature in 1953 (1874-1965); english general considered one of the greatest generals in history (1650-1722)
  • chutney -  chopped fruits or green tomatoes cooked in vinegar and sugar with ginger and spices
  • cicada -  stout-bodied insect with large membranous wings; male has drum-like organs for producing a high-pitched drone
  • cicer -  chickpea plant; asiatic herbs
  • cider -  a beverage made from juice pressed from apples
  • cinnamomum camphora -  large evergreen tree of warm regions whose aromatic wood yields camphor
  • cinnamomum cassia -  chinese tree with aromatic bark; yields a less desirable cinnamon than ceylon cinnamon
  • cinnamon roll -  rolled dough spread with cinnamon and sugar (and raisins) then sliced before baking
  • cinnamon -  spice from the dried aromatic bark of the ceylon cinnamon tree; used as rolled strips or ground; tropical asian tree with aromatic yellowish-brown bark; source of the spice cinnamon; aromatic bark used as a spice
  • cistern -  an artificial reservoir for storing liquids; especially an underground tank for storing rainwater; a tank that holds the water used to flush a toilet; a sac or cavity containing fluid especially lymph or cerebrospinal fluid
  • citrange -  more aromatic and acid tasting than oranges; used in beverages and marmalade; more aromatic and acidic than oranges
  • citric acid -  a weak water-soluble acid found in many fruits (especially citrus fruits); used as a flavoring agent
  • citron -  large lemonlike fruit with thick aromatic rind; usually preserved; thorny evergreen small tree or shrub of india widely cultivated for its large lemonlike fruits that have thick warty rind
  • citrus limetta -  lemon tree having fruit with a somewhat insipid sweetish pulp
  • citrus -  any of numerous fruits of the genus citrus having thick rind and juicy pulp; grown in warm regions; any of numerous tropical usually thorny evergreen trees of the genus citrus having leathery evergreen leaves and widely cultivated for their juicy edible fruits having leathery aromatic rinds
  • clam chowder -  chowder containing clams
  • clam -  burrowing marine mollusk living on sand or mud; the shell closes with viselike firmness; flesh of either hard-shell or soft-shell clams; a piece of paper money worth one dollar; verb gather clams, by digging in the sand by the ocean
  • classification -  restriction imposed by the government on documents or weapons that are available only to certain authorized people; the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories; a group of people or things arranged by class or category; the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type
  • cleaver -  a butcher's knife having a large square blade
  • clementine -  a mandarin orange of a deep reddish orange color and few seeds; a variety of mandarin orange that is grown around the mediterranean and in south africa
  • clock -  a timepiece that shows the time of day; verb measure the time or duration of an event or action or the person who performs an action in a certain period of time
  • clotted cream -  thick cream made from scalded milk
  • clove -  spice from dried unopened flower bud of the clove tree; used whole or ground; one of the small bulblets that can be split off of the axis of a larger garlic bulb; moderate sized very symmetrical red-flowered evergreen widely cultivated in the tropics for its flower buds which are source of cloves; aromatic flower bud of a clove tree; yields a spice
  • club sandwich -  made with three slices of usually toasted bread
  • club -  stout stick that is larger at one end; a playing card in the minor suit that has one or more black trefoils on it; a formal association of people with similar interests; a spot that is open late at night and that provides entertainment (as singers or dancers) as well as dancing and food and drink; a building that is occupied by a social club; golf equipment used by a golfer to hit a golf ball; a team of professional baseball players who play and travel together; verb strike with a club or a bludgeon; gather and spend time together; unite with a common purpose
  • co -  a state in west central united states in the rocky mountains; one who refuses to serve in the armed forces on grounds of conscience; a hard ferromagnetic silver-white bivalent or trivalent metallic element; a trace element in plant and animal nutrition; an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon
  • cobbler -  tall sweetened iced drink of wine or liquor with fruit; a person who makes or repairs shoes; made of fruit with rich biscuit dough usually only on top of the fruit
  • cobia -  large dark-striped tropical food and game fish related to remoras; found worldwide in coastal to open waters
  • coca cola -  coca cola is a trademarked cola
  • coca -  dried leaves of the coca plant (and related plants that also contain cocaine); chewed by andean people for their simulating effect; united states comedienne who starred in early television shows with sid caesar (1908-2001); a south american shrub whose leaves are chewed by natives of the andes; a source of cocaine
  • cocaine -  a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
  • cochineal -  a red dyestuff consisting of dried bodies of female cochineal insects; mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacti; the source of a red dye
  • cochlearia -  a genus of the family cruciferae
  • cockaigne -  (middle ages) an imaginary land of luxury and idleness
  • cockle -  common edible european bivalve mollusk having a rounded shell with radiating ribs; common edible european bivalve; verb to gather something into small wrinkles or folds; stir up (water) so as to form ripples
  • cocktail sauce -  usually catsup with horseradish and lemon juice
  • cocktail -  an appetizer served as a first course at a meal; a short mixed drink
  • cocoa bean -  seed of the cacao tree; ground roasted beans are source of chocolate
  • cocoa butter -  the vegetable fat from the cacao that is extracted from chocolate liquor; the basis for white chocolate; a yellow-white fat from cocoa beans
  • coconut cream -  white liquid obtained from compressing fresh coconut meat
  • coconut milk -  clear to whitish fluid from within a fresh coconut; white liquid obtained from compressing fresh coconut meat
  • coconut oil -  oil from coconuts
  • coconut -  large hard-shelled oval nut with a fibrous husk containing thick white meat surrounding a central cavity filled (when fresh) with fluid or milk; the edible white meat a coconut; often shredded for use in e.G. Cakes and curries; tall palm tree bearing coconuts as fruits; widely planted throughout the tropics
  • cod liver oil -  an oil obtained from the livers of cod and similar fishes; taken orally as a source of vitamins a and d
  • cod -  payable by the recipient on delivery;  collecting the charges upon delivery;  major food fish of arctic and cold-temperate waters; lean white flesh of important north atlantic food fish; usually baked or poached; the vessel that contains the seeds of a plant (not the seeds themselves); verb harass with persistent criticism or carping; fool or hoax
  • coddle - verb cook in nearly boiling water; treat with excessive indulgence
  • coffea -  coffee trees
  • coffee bean -  a seed of the coffee tree; ground to make coffee
  • coffee break -  a snack taken during a break in the work day
  • coffee cup -  a cup from which coffee is drunk
  • coffee filter -  filter (usually of paper) that passes the coffee and retains the coffee grounds
  • coffee -  a beverage consisting of an infusion of ground coffee beans; any of several small trees and shrubs native to the tropical old world yielding coffee beans; a medium brown to dark-brown color; a seed of the coffee tree; ground to make coffee
  • coffeehouse -  a small restaurant where drinks and snacks are sold
  • cognac -  high quality grape brandy distilled in the cognac district of france
  • coho salmon -  small salmon of northern pacific coasts and the great lakes; fatty pinkish flesh of small salmon caught in the pacific and great lakes
  • cola -  carbonated drink flavored with extract from kola nuts (`dope' is a southernism in the united states); large genus of african trees bearing kola nuts
  • colander -  bowl-shaped strainer; used to wash or drain foods
  • coleslaw -  basically shredded cabbage
  • coleus amboinicus -  an aromatic fleshy herb of india and ceylon to south africa; sometimes placed in genus plectranthus
  • collagen -  a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue; yields gelatin on boiling
  • collard -  variety of kale having smooth leaves
  • colocasia esculenta -  herb of the pacific islands grown throughout the tropics for its edible root and in temperate areas as an ornamental for its large glossy leaves
  • colombia -  a republic in northwestern south america with a coastline on the pacific ocean and the caribbean sea; achieved independence from spain in 1821 under the leadership of simon bolivar; spanish is the official language
  • colorado potato beetle -  black-and-yellow beetle that feeds in adult and larval stages on potato leaves; originally of eastern rocky mountains; now worldwide
  • colostrum -  milky fluid secreted for the first day or two after parturition
  • comal -  of certain seeds (such as cotton) having a tuft or tufts of hair
  • comb -  the act of drawing a comb through hair; the fleshy red crest on the head of the domestic fowl and other gallinaceous birds; ciliated comb-like swimming plate of a ctenophore; a flat device with narrow pointed teeth on one edge; disentangles or arranges hair; any of several tools for straightening fibers; a fleshy and deeply serrated outgrowth atop the heads of certain birds especially domestic fowl; verb smoothen and neaten with or as with a comb; search thoroughly; straighten with a comb
  • comfit -  candy containing a fruit or nut; verb make into a confection
  • comfort food -  food that is simply prepared and gives a sense of wellbeing; typically food with a high sugar or carbohydrate content that is associated with childhood or with home cooking
  • commelina -  any plant of the genus commelina
  • common fig -  mediterranean tree widely cultivated for its edible fruit
  • common market -  an international organization of european countries formed after world war ii to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
  • common wheat -  widely cultivated in temperate regions in many varieties for its commercially important grain
  • company -  an institution created to conduct business; a unit of firefighters including their equipment; a social gathering of guests or companions; organization of performers and associated personnel (especially theatrical); small military unit; usually two or three platoons; the state of being with someone; crew of a ship including the officers; the whole force or personnel of a ship; a band of people associated temporarily in some activity; a social or business visitor; verb be a companion to somebody
  • compote -  dessert of stewed or baked fruit
  • conch -  any of various edible tropical marine gastropods of the genus strombus having a brightly-colored spiral shell with large outer lip
  • concord grape -  slipskin grape; a purple table grape of the northeastern united states
  • condensed milk -  sweetened evaporated milk
  • condiment -  a preparation (a sauce or relish or spice) to enhance flavor or enjoyment
  • coney island -  a section of brooklyn on the atlantic; known as an amusement center
  • confection -  the act of creating something (a medicine or drink or soup etc.) by compounding or mixing a variety of components; a food rich in sugar; verb make into a confection
  • confectioner -  someone who makes candies and other sweets
  • confectionery -  the occupation and skills of a confectioner; a confectioner's shop; candy and other sweets considered collectively
  • confit -  a piece of meat (especially a duck) cooked slowly in its own fat
  • congee -  a chinese rice gruel eaten for breakfast; verb perform a ceremonious bow; depart after obtaining formal permission
  • continental -  being or concerning or limited to a continent especially the continents of north america or europe; of or relating to or characteristic of a continent; of or pertaining to or typical of europe; of or relating to or concerning the american colonies during and immediately after the american revolutionary war
  • convenience food -  any packaged dish or food that can be prepared quickly and easily as by thawing or heating
  • convenience store -  a store selling a limited variety of food and pharmaceutical items; open long hours for the convenience of customers
  • cooke -  united states financier who marketed union bonds to finance the american civil war; the failure of his bank resulted in a financial panic in 1873 (1821-1905); united states journalist (born in england in 1908)
  • cookie-cutter -  having the same appearance (as if mass-produced)
  • cookie -  a short line of text that a web site puts on your computer's hard drive when you access the web site; any of various small flat sweet cakes (`biscuit' is the british term); the cook on a ranch or at a camp
  • cooking apple -  an apple used primarily in cooking for pies and applesauce etc
  • cooking oil -  any of numerous vegetable oils used in cooking
  • cooking -  the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat
  • cookware -  a kitchen utensil made of material that does not melt easily; used for cooking
  • cooler -  a refrigerator for cooling liquids; a cell for violent prisoners; an iced drink especially white wine and fruit juice
  • cooperative -  done with or working with others for a common purpose or benefit; willing to adjust to differences in order to obtain agreement; involving the joint activity of two or more;  a jointly owned commercial enterprise (usually organized by farmers or consumers) that produces and distributes goods and services and is run for the benefit of its owners; an association formed and operated for the benefit of those using it
  • coprinus comatus -  common edible mushroom having an elongated shaggy white cap and black spores
  • coptis -  small genus of low perennial herbs having yellow rhizomes and white or yellow flowers
  • coq au vin -  chicken and onions and mushrooms braised in red wine and seasonings
  • corchorus -  widely distributed genus of tropical herbs or subshrubs; especially asia; any of various plants of the genus corchorus having large leaves and cymose clusters of yellow flowers; a source of jute
  • cordia -  tropical deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs of the family boraginaceae
  • coriander -  parsley-like herb used as seasoning or garnish; dried coriander seeds used whole or ground; old world herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley
  • cork -  the plug in the mouth of a bottle (especially a wine bottle); a port city in southern ireland; outer bark of the cork oak; used for stoppers for bottles etc.; a small float usually made of cork; attached to a fishing line; (botany) outer tissue of bark; a protective layer of dead cells; verb stuff with cork; close a bottle with a cork
  • corkscrew -  a bottle opener that pulls corks; verb move in a spiral or zigzag course
  • corn chip -  thin piece of cornmeal dough fried
  • corn oil -  oil from the germs of corn grains
  • corn smut -  a smut fungus attacking indian corn
  • corn syrup -  syrup prepared from corn
  • corn whiskey -  whiskey distilled from a mash of not less than 80 percent corn
  • cornbread -  bread made primarily of cornmeal
  • corncob -  the hard cylindrical core that bears the kernels of an ear of corn
  • corned beef -  beef cured or pickled in brine
  • cornus mas -  deciduous european shrub or small tree having bright red fruit
  • corona -  a long cigar with blunt ends; (anatomy) any structure that resembles a crown in shape; one or more circles of light seen around a luminous object; (botany) the trumpet-shaped or cup-shaped outgrowth of the corolla of a daffodil or narcissus flower; the outermost region of the sun's atmosphere; visible as a white halo during a solar eclipse; an electrical discharge accompanied by ionization of surrounding atmosphere
  • cortland -  large apple with a red skin
  • corylus cornuta -  hazel of western united states with conspicuous beaklike involucres on the nuts
  • cosmonaut -  a person trained to travel in a spacecraft
  • cosmopolitan -  of worldwide scope or applicability; composed of people from or at home in many parts of the world; especially not provincial in attitudes or interests; growing or occurring in many parts of the world;  a sophisticated person who has travelled in many countries
  • cottage cheese -  mild white cheese made from curds of soured skim milk
  • cotton candy -  a candy made by spinning sugar that has been boiled to a high temperature
  • cottonseed oil -  edible oil pressed from cottonseeds
  • country of origin -  the country where you were born
  • country-style -  typical of the country
  • couscous -  a pasta made in northern africa of crushed and steamed semolina; a spicy dish that originated in northern africa; consists of pasta steamed with a meat and vegetable stew
  • cover crop -  crop planted to prevent soil erosion and provide green manure
  • cowpea -  sprawling old world annual cultivated especially in southern united states for food and forage and green manure; fruit or seed of the cowpea plant; eaten fresh as shell beans or dried
  • cox's orange pippin -  a yellow pippin with distinctive flavor
  • cr -  a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • cracker-barrel -  characteristic of country life
  • cracker -  a party favor consisting of a paper roll (usually containing candy or a small favor) that pops when pulled at both ends; a thin crisp wafer made of flour and water with or without leavening and shortening; unsweetened or semisweet; a programmer who `cracks' (gains unauthorized access to) computers, typically to do malicious things; firework consisting of a small explosive charge and fuse in a heavy paper casing; a poor white person in the southern united states
  • crambe maritima -  perennial of coastal sands and shingles of northern europe and baltic and black seas having racemes of small white flowers and large fleshy blue-green leaves often used as potherbs
  • cranberry -  very tart red berry used for sauce or juice; any of numerous shrubs of genus vaccinium bearing cranberries
  • crappie -  small sunfishes of central united states rivers; small sunfishes of the genus pomoxis of central united states rivers
  • crataegus aestivalis -  hawthorn of southern united states bearing juicy acid scarlet fruit often used in jellies or preserves
  • crataegus -  thorny shrubs and small trees: hawthorn; thorn; thorn apple
  • cream cheese -  soft unripened cheese made of sweet milk and cream
  • cream soda -  sweet carbonated drink flavored with vanilla
  • cream -  toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin; the part of milk containing the butterfat; the best people or things in a group; verb add cream to one's coffee, for example; put on cream, as on one's face or body; beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight; make creamy by beating; remove from the surface
  • crescentia -  a genus of tropical american trees of the family bignoniaceae; has a short trunk and crooked limbs and drooping branches
  • crimson -  characterized by violence or bloodshed; (especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion; of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies;  a deep and vivid red color; verb turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame
  • crock -  an earthen jar (made of baked clay); nonsense; foolish talk; a black colloidal substance consisting wholly or principally of amorphous carbon and used to make pigments and ink; verb soil with or as with crock; release color when rubbed, of badly dyed fabric
  • croissant -  very rich flaky crescent-shaped roll
  • crop -  the stock or handle of a whip; the output of something in a season; a collection of people or things appearing together; a cultivated plant that is grown commercially on a large scale; the yield from plants in a single growing season; a pouch in many birds and some lower animals that resembles a stomach for storage and preliminary maceration of food; verb cut short; feed as in a meadow or pasture; let feed in a field or pasture or meadow; yield crops; cultivate, tend, and cut back the growth of; prepare for crops
  • croquette -  minced cooked meats (or vegetables) in thick white sauce; breaded and deep-fried
  • crosse -  a long racket with a triangular frame; used in playing lacrosse
  • crouton -  a small piece of toasted or fried bread; served in soup or salads
  • crumble - verb break or fall apart into fragments; fall apart; fall into decay or ruin
  • crumpet -  raised muffin cooked on a griddle
  • crunch -  the sound of something crunching; a critical situation that arises because of a shortage (as a shortage of time or money or resources); the act of crushing; verb make crunching noises; chew noisily; press or grind with a crunching noise; reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading
  • crush -  the act of crushing; a dense crowd of people; temporary love of an adolescent; leather that has had its grain pattern accentuated; verb break into small pieces; become injured, broken, or distorted by pressure; humiliate or depress completely; come out better in a competition, race, or conflict; make ineffective; crush or bruise; to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition; come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority
  • cuban sandwich -  a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the united states
  • cucumber -  cylindrical green fruit with thin green rind and white flesh eaten as a vegetable; related to melons; a melon vine of the genus cucumis; cultivated from earliest times for its cylindrical green fruit
  • cucumis -  cucumbers; muskmelons
  • cucurbita moschata -  any of various plants bearing squash having hard rinds and elongated recurved necks
  • cucurbita pepo -  a coarse vine widely cultivated for its large pulpy round orange fruit with firm orange skin and numerous seeds; subspecies of cucurbita pepo include the summer squashes and a few autumn squashes
  • cucurbita -  type genus of the cucurbitaceae
  • cuisine -  the practice or manner of preparing food or the food so prepared
  • culinary -  of or relating to or used in cooking
  • cumin -  aromatic seeds of the cumin herb of the carrot family; dwarf mediterranean annual long cultivated for its aromatic seeds
  • cupcake -  small cake baked in a muffin tin
  • curd -  coagulated milk; used to made cheese; a coagulated liquid resembling milk curd
  • curing -  the process of becoming hard or solid by cooling or drying or crystallization
  • curry powder -  pungent blend of cumin and ground coriander seed and turmeric and other spices
  • cusk -  large edible marine fish of northern coastal waters; related to cod; the lean flesh of a cod-like fish of north atlantic waters; elongate freshwater cod of northern europe and asia and north america having barbels around its mouth
  • custard apple -  the fruit of any of several tropical american trees of the genus annona having soft edible pulp; any of several tropical american trees bearing fruit with soft edible pulp
  • custard pie -  a prop consisting of an open pie filled with real or artificial custard; thrown in slapstick comedies
  • custard -  sweetened mixture of milk and eggs baked or boiled or frozen
  • cutlery -  tableware implements for cutting and eating food; a cutting implement; a tool for cutting
  • cutlet -  thin slice of meat (especially veal) usually fried or broiled
  • cutting board -  a wooden board where meats or vegetables can be cut
  • cyperus esculentus -  european sedge having small edible nutlike tubers
  • cyperus rotundus -  a widely distributed perennial sedge having small edible nutlike tubers
  • cysteine -  an amino acid containing sulfur that is found in most proteins; oxidizes on exposure to air to form cystine
  • d -  the 4th letter of the roman alphabet; a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • da -  an official prosecutor for a judicial district
  • daikon -  radish of japan with a long hard durable root eaten raw or cooked
  • daiquiri -  a cocktail made with rum and lime or lemon juice
  • dairy product -  milk and butter and cheese
  • dairy -  a farm where dairy products are produced
  • daisy -  any of numerous composite plants having flower heads with well-developed ray flowers usually arranged in a single whorl
  • dal -  a metric unit of volume or capacity equal to 10 liters
  • damper -  a depressing restraint; a device that decreases the amplitude of electronic, mechanical, acoustical, or aerodynamic oscillations; a movable iron plate that regulates the draft in a stove or chimney or furnace
  • damson -  sweet dark purple plum
  • danger zone -  a dangerous area
  • danish pastry -  light sweet yeast-raised roll usually filled with fruits or cheese
  • date palm -  tall tropical feather palm tree native to syria bearing sweet edible fruit
  • david -  (old testament) the 2nd king of the israelites; as a young shepherd he fought goliath (a giant philistine warrior) and killed him by hitting him in the head with a stone flung from a sling; he united israel with jerusalem as its capital; many of the psalms are attributed to david (circa 1000-962 bc); french neoclassical painter who actively supported the french revolution (1748-1825); patron saint of wales (circa 520-600)
  • daylily -  any of numerous perennials having tuberous roots and long narrow bladelike leaves and usually yellow lilylike flowers that bloom for only a day
  • dean -  an administrator in charge of a division of a university or college; (roman catholic church) the head of the college of cardinals; a man who is the senior member of a group; united states film actor whose moody rebellious roles made him a cult figure (1931-1955)
  • decanter -  a bottle with a stopper; for serving wine or water
  • decomposition -  the analysis of a vector field; (biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal action; (chemistry) separation of a substance into two or more substances that may differ from each other and from the original substance; in a decomposed state; the organic phenomenon of rotting
  • degustation -  taking a small amount into the mouth to test its quality
  • delicatessen -  a shop selling ready-to-eat food products; ready-to-eat food products
  • delirium tremens -  acute delirium caused by alcohol poisoning
  • demerara -  light brown cane sugar; originally from guyana; dark rum from guyana; a former dutch colony in south america; now a part of guyana; a river in northern guyana that flows northward into the atlantic; a light brown raw cane sugar from guyana
  • demeter -  (greek mythology) goddess of fertility and protector of marriage in ancient mythology; counterpart of roman ceres
  • denatured alcohol -  ethyl alcohol that is unfit for drinking but is still useful for other purposes
  • dessert spoon -  a spoon larger than a teaspoon and smaller than a tablespoon
  • dessert wine -  still sweet wine often served with dessert or after a meal
  • dessert -  a dish served as the last course of a meal
  • deviled egg -  halved hard-cooked egg with the yolk mashed with mayonnaise and seasonings and returned to the white
  • devon -  red dual-purpose cattle of english origin; a county in southwestern england
  • dewberry -  blackberry-like fruits of any of several trailing blackberry bushes; any of several trailing blackberry brambles especially of north america
  • dextrin -  any of various polysaccharides obtained by hydrolysis of starch; a tasteless and odorless gummy substance that is used as a thickening agent and in adhesives and in dietary supplements
  • diabetic diet -  a diet designed to help control the symptoms of diabetes
  • diet -  the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods); the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal); a prescribed selection of foods; a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.G., japan); verb eat sparingly, for health reasons or to lose weight; follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons
  • dieting -  the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods)
  • dijon -  an industrial city in eastern france north of lyons
  • dill -  aromatic threadlike foliage of the dill plant used as seasoning; aromatic old world herb having aromatic threadlike foliage and seeds used as seasoning
  • dim sum -  traditional chinese cuisine; a variety of foods (including several kinds of steamed or fried dumplings) are served successively in small portions
  • diner -  a restaurant that resembles a dining car; a person eating a meal (especially in a restaurant); a passenger car where food is served in transit
  • ding-dong -  the noise made by a bell
  • dining car -  a passenger car where food is served in transit
  • dining-room -  a room used for dining
  • dinner theater -  a theater at which dinner is included in the price of admission
  • dinner -  the main meal of the day served in the evening or at midday; a party of people assembled to have dinner together
  • dinnerware -  the tableware (plates and platters and serving bowls etc.) used in serving a meal
  • dionysus -  (greek mythology) god of wine and fertility and drama; the greek name of bacchus
  • dioscorea alata -  grown in australasia and polynesia for its large root with fine edible white flesh
  • dioscorea elephantipes -  south african vine having a massive rootstock covered with deeply fissured bark
  • dioscorea -  yams
  • diospyros virginiana -  medium-sized tree of dry woodlands in the southern and eastern united states bearing yellow or orange very astringent fruit that is edible when fully ripe
  • dipsomania -  an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
  • dipteryx odorata -  tall tropical south american tree having pulpy egg-shaped pods of fragrant black almond-shaped seeds used for flavoring
  • disambiguation -  clarification that follows from the removal of ambiguity
  • dish -  a piece of dishware normally used as a container for holding or serving food; directional antenna consisting of a parabolic reflector for microwave or radio frequency radiation; a particular item of prepared food; the quantity that a dish will hold; an activity that you like or at which you are superior; a very attractive or seductive looking woman; verb make concave; shape like a dish; provide (usually but not necessarily food)
  • dishware -  tableware (eating and serving dishes) collectively
  • dishwashing -  the act of washing dishes
  • distilled water -  water that has been purified by distillation
  • dj -  a person who ances and plays popular recorded music; verb comment on music to be played
  • dog -  a member of the genus canis (probably descended from the common wolf) that has been domesticated by man since prehistoric times; occurs in many breeds; informal term for a man; metal supports for logs in a fireplace; a hinged catch that fits into a notch of a ratchet to move a wheel forward or prevent it from moving backward; a smooth-textured sausage of minced beef or pork usually smoked; often served on a bread roll; someone who is morally reprehensible; a dull unattractive unpleasant girl or woman; verb go after with the intent to catch
  • don -  a spanish courtesy title or form of address for men that is prefixed to the forename; a european river in southwestern russia; flows into the sea of azov; celtic goddess; mother of gwydion and arianrhod; corresponds to irish danu; a spanish gentleman or nobleman; the head of an organized crime family; teacher at a university or college (especially at cambridge or oxford); verb put clothing on one's body
  • doorman -  someone who guards an entrance
  • double-decker -  a vehicle carrying many passengers; used for public transport
  • dough -  a flour mixture stiff enough to knead or roll; informal terms for money
  • doughnut -  a small ring-shaped friedcake; a toroidal shape
  • dove -  any of numerous small pigeons; an emblem of peace; someone who prefers negotiations to armed conflict in the conduct of foreign relations; flesh of a pigeon suitable for roasting or braising; flesh of a dove (young squab) may be broiled; a constellation in the southern hemisphere near puppis and caelum
  • dovyalis hebecarpa -  a small shrubby spiny tree cultivated for its maroon-purple fruit with sweet purple pulp tasting like gooseberries; sri lanka and india
  • drambuie -  a sweet scotch whisky liqueur
  • draught beer -  beer drawn from a keg
  • dried fruit -  fruit preserved by drying
  • drink -  the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess; a single serving of a beverage; any large deep body of water; the act of swallowing; any liquid suitable for drinking; verb take in liquids; consume alcohol; drink excessive amounts of alcohol; be an alcoholic; be fascinated or spell-bound by; pay close attention to; propose a toast to
  • drinking fountain -  a public fountain to provide a jet of drinking water
  • drinking song -  a song celebrating the joys of drinking; sung at drinking parties
  • drinking straw -  a thin paper or plastic tube used to such liquids into the mouth
  • drinking water -  water suitable for drinking
  • drinking -  the act of consuming liquids; the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess
  • dripping -  having liquid falling in drops; wet with secreted or exuded moisture such as sweat or tears;  extremely wet;  a liquid (as water) that flows in drops (as from the eaves of house); the sound of a liquid falling drop by drop
  • drive-in -  any installation designed to accommodate patrons in their automobiles
  • dromedary -  one-humped camel of the hot deserts of northern africa and southwestern asia
  • drupe -  fleshy indehiscent fruit with a single seed: e.G. Almond; peach; plum; cherry; elderberry; olive; jujube
  • dry ice -  solidified carbon dioxide; dry ice sublimates at -78.5 c and is used mainly as a refrigerant
  • dryness -  the condition of not containing or being covered by a liquid (especially water); objectivity and detachment; moderation in or abstinence from alcohol or other drugs
  • duck sauce -  a thick sweet and pungent chinese condiment
  • dud -  failing to detonate; especially not charged with an active explosive;  an event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual; an explosion that fails to occur; someone who is unsuccessful
  • dumpling -  dessert made by baking fruit wrapped in pastry; small balls or strips of boiled or steamed dough
  • dungeness crab -  small edible crab of pacific coast of north america; small pacific coast crab
  • durian -  huge fruit native to southeastern asia `smelling like hell and tasting like heaven'; seeds are roasted and eaten like nuts; tree of southeastern asia having edible oval fruit with a hard spiny rind
  • durra -  sorghums of dry regions of asia and north africa
  • durum -  wheat with hard dark-colored kernels high in gluten and used for bread and pasta; grown especially in southern russia, north africa, and northern central north america
  • dutch oven -  n oven consisting of a metal box for cooking in front of a fire; iron or earthenware cooking pot; used for stews
  • dye -  a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.G. Fabrics or hair; verb color with dye
  • e -  the 5th letter of the roman alphabet; the base of the natural system of logarithms; approximately equal to 2.718282...; the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees; a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons; a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • easter egg -  a colored hard-boiled egg used to celebrate easter; an egg-shaped candy used to celebrate easter
  • eating -  the act of consuming food
  • eau de vie -  strong coarse brandy
  • eccles cake -  a flat round cake of sweetened pastry filled with dried fruit
  • echinacea -  small genus of north american coarse perennial herbs
  • echinochloa frumentacea -  coarse annual grass cultivated in japan and southeastern asia for its edible seeds and for forage; important wildlife food in united states
  • echinochloa -  annual or perennial succulent grasses of warm regions
  • eclipse -  one celestial body obscures another; verb cause an eclipse of (a celestial body) by intervention; cause an eclipse of; of celestial bodies; exceed in importance; outweigh
  • egg cream -  made of milk and flavored syrup with soda water
  • egg cup -  dishware consisting of a small cup for serving a boiled egg
  • egg roll -  minced vegetables and meat wrapped in a pancake and fried
  • egg white -  the white part of an egg; the nutritive and protective gelatinous substance surrounding the yolk consisting mainly of albumin dissolved in water
  • eggnog -  a punch made of sweetened milk or cream mixed with eggs and usually alcoholic liquor
  • eggplant -  egg-shaped vegetable having a shiny skin typically dark purple but occasionally white or yellow; hairy upright herb native to southeastern asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable
  • eggs benedict -  toasted english muffin topped with ham and a poached egg (or an oyster) and hollandaise sauce
  • eggshell -  the exterior covering of a bird's egg
  • eleocharis dulcis -  chinese sedge yielding edible bulb-shaped tubers
  • eleusine coracana -  east indian cereal grass whose seed yield a somewhat bitter flour, a staple in the orient
  • emmenagogue -  any agent that promotes menstrual discharge
  • emmer -  hard red wheat grown especially in russia and germany; in united states as stock feed
  • empire -  an eating apple that somewhat resembles a mcintosh; used as both an eating and a cooking apple; a group of countries under a single authority; a monarchy with an emperor as head of state; the domain ruled by an emperor or empress; the region over which imperial dominion is exercised; a group of diverse companies under common ownership and run as a single organization
  • enchilada -  tortilla with meat filling baked in tomato sauce seasoned with chili
  • endive -  widely cultivated herb with leaves valued as salad green; either curly serrated leaves or broad flat ones that are usually blanched; variety of endive having leaves with irregular frilled edges
  • english breakfast tea -  black tea grown in china
  • english muffin -  raised muffin cooked on a griddle
  • ensete -  old world tropical herbs: abyssinian bananas
  • era -  a major division of geological time; an era is usually divided into two or more periods; a period marked by distinctive character or reckoned from a fixed point or event; (baseball) a measure of a pitcher's effectiveness; calculated as the average number of earned runs allowed by the pitcher for every nine innings pitched
  • eriobotrya -  asiatic evergreen fruit trees
  • eruca sativa -  erect european annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender
  • erythronium -  perennial bulbous herbs most of northern united states: dogtooth violet; adder's tongue; trout lily; fawn lily
  • escargot -  edible terrestrial snail usually served in the shell with a sauce of melted butter and garlic
  • espresso -  strong black coffee brewed by forcing hot water under pressure through finely ground coffee beans
  • ethyl acetate -  a fragrant colorless flammable volatile liquid ester made from ethanol and acetic acid; used in flavorings and perfumes and as a solvent for plastics
  • eucharist -  a christian sacrament commemorating the last supper by consecrating bread and wine
  • eugenia uniflora -  brazilian tree with spicy red fruit; often cultivated in california and florida
  • evaporated milk -  milk concentrated by evaporation
  • excel - verb distinguish oneself
  • extra -  further or added; added to a regular schedule; more than is needed, desired, or required;  unusually or exceptionally;  something additional of the same kind; an additional edition of a newspaper (usually to report a crisis); a minor actor in crowd scenes
  • extract -  a passage selected from a larger work; a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water); verb calculate the root of a number; remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense; separate (a metal) from an ore; get despite difficulties or obstacles; extract by the process of distillation; take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy; obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action; deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning)
  • f -  the 6th letter of the roman alphabet; the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates; a degree on the fahrenheit scale of temperature; a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • fad diet -  a reducing diet that enjoys temporary popularity
  • faggot -  a bundle of sticks and branches bound together; offensive terms for an openly homosexual man; verb bind or tie up in or as if in a faggot; fasten together rods of iron in order to heat or weld them; ornament or join (fabric) by faggot stitch
  • falafel -  small croquette of mashed chick peas or fava beans seasoned with sesame seeds
  • farina -  fine meal made from cereal grain especially wheat; often used as a cooked cereal or in puddings
  • farmer -  a person who operates a farm; an expert on cooking whose cookbook has undergone many editions (1857-1915); united states civil rights leader who in 1942 founded the congress of racial equality (born in 1920)
  • fast food -  inexpensive food (hamburgers or chicken or milkshakes) prepared and served quickly
  • fasting -  abstaining from food
  • fat -  a chubby body; having much flesh (especially fat); marked by great fruitfulness; lucrative; having a relatively large diameter; containing or composed of fat;  a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly triglycerides); excess bodily weight; a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs; verb make fat or plump
  • fecula -  excreta (especially of insects)
  • feedlot -  a building where livestock are fattened for market
  • fell -  (of persons or their actions) able or disposed to inflict pain or suffering;  the act of felling something (as a tree); seam made by turning under or folding together and stitching the seamed materials to avoid rough edges; the dressed skin of an animal (especially a large animal); verb cause to fall by or as if by delivering a blow; sew a seam by folding the edges; pass away rapidly
  • fennel -  fennel seeds are ground and used as a spice or as an ingredient of a spice mixture; leaves used for seasoning; aromatic bulbous stem base eaten cooked or raw in salads; any of several aromatic herbs having edible seeds and leaves and stems
  • fenugreek -  aromatic seeds used as seasoning especially in curry; annual herb or southern europe and eastern asia having off-white flowers and aromatic seeds used medicinally and in curry
  • fermentation -  a process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances; especially, the anaerobic breakdown of sugar into alcohol; a state of agitation or turbulent change or development
  • fettuccine alfredo -  fettuccine in cream sauce with cheese
  • fettuccine -  pasta in flat strips wider than linguine
  • ficus -  large genus of tropical trees or shrubs or climbers including fig trees
  • fiddle-faddle -  trivial nonsense
  • fiddlehead fern -  new world fern having woolly cinnamon-colored spore-bearing fronds in early spring later surrounded by green fronds; the early uncurling fronds are edible
  • field ration -  rations issued for united states troops in the field
  • fiesta -  an elaborate party (often outdoors)
  • filet mignon -  small steak cut from the thick end of a beef tenderloin
  • filler -  the tobacco used to form the core of a cigar; copy to fill space between more important articles in the layout of a magazine or newspaper; 100 filler equal 1 forint in hungary; used for filling cracks or holes in a surface; anything added to fill out a whole
  • fillet -  fastener consisting of a narrow strip of welded metal used to join steel members; a longitudinal slice or boned side of a fish; a boneless steak cut from the tenderloin of beef; a narrow headband or strip of ribbon worn as a headband; a bundle of sensory nerve fibers going to the thalamus; verb cut into filets; decorate with a lace of geometric designs
  • filling -  the act of filling something; (dentistry) a dental appliance consisting of any of various substances (as metal or plastic) inserted into a prepared cavity in a tooth; a food mixture used to fill pastry or sandwiches etc.; flow into something (as a container); any material that fills a space or container; the yarn woven across the warp yarn in weaving
  • film -  a thin coating or layer; photographic material consisting of a base of celluloid covered with a photographic emulsion; used to make negatives or transparencies; a thin sheet of (usually plastic and usually transparent) material used to wrap or cover things; a medium that disseminates moving pictures; a form of entertainment that enacts a story by a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement; verb make a film or photograph of something; record in film
  • financier -  a person skilled in large scale financial transactions; verb conduct financial operations, often in an unethical manner
  • fines herbes -  a mixture of finely chopped fresh herbs
  • finland -  republic in northern europe; achieved independence from russia in 1917
  • firkin -  a small wooden keg; a british unit of capacity equal to 9 imperial gallons
  • fish and chips -  fried fish and french-fried potatoes
  • fish ball -  a fried ball or patty of flaked fish and mashed potatoes; well-seasoned balls of ground fish and eggs and crushed crumbs simmered in fish stock
  • fish finger -  a long fillet of fish breaded and fried
  • fish oil -  a fatty oil obtained from the livers of various fish
  • fish -  any of various mostly cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills; the flesh of fish used as food; the twelfth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about february 19 to march 20; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in pisces; verb catch or try to catch fish or shellfish; seek indirectly
  • fisher -  large dark brown north american arboreal carnivorous mammal; someone whose occupation is catching fish
  • fishing -  the act of someone who fishes as a diversion; the occupation of catching fish for a living
  • fistulina hepatica -  a popular edible fungus with a cap the color of liver or raw meat; abundant in southeastern united states
  • five spice powder -  chinese seasoning made by grinding star anise and fennel and pepper and cloves and cinnamon
  • fizz -  an effervescent beverage (usually alcoholic); verb form bubbles
  • flagon -  a large metal or pottery vessel with a handle and spout; used to hold alcoholic beverages (usually wine)
  • flake -  a small fragment of something broken off from the whole; a person with an unusual or odd personality; a crystal of snow; verb cover with flakes or as if with flakes; form into flakes; come off in flakes or thin small pieces
  • flapjack -  a flat cake of thin batter fried on both sides on a griddle
  • flatbread -  any of various breads made from usually unleavened dough
  • flatfish -  any of several families of fishes having flattened bodies that swim along the sea floor on one side of the body with both eyes on the upper side; sweet lean whitish flesh of any of numerous thin-bodied fish; usually served as thin fillets
  • flavor -  (physics) the six kinds of quarks; the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth; the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people; verb lend flavor to
  • flax -  plant of the genus linum that is cultivated for its seeds and for the fibers of its stem; fiber of the flax plant that is made into thread and woven into linen fabric
  • fleer -  contempt expressed by mockery in looks or words; someone who flees from an uncongenial situation; verb to smirk contemptuously
  • flounder -  any of various european and non-european marine flatfish; flesh of any of various american and european flatfish; verb behave awkwardly; have difficulties; walk with great difficulty
  • flour -  fine powdery foodstuff obtained by grinding and sifting the meal of a cereal grain; verb convert grain into flour; cover with flour
  • flowering plant -  plants having seeds in a closed ovary
  • foie gras -  a pate made from goose liver (marinated in cognac) and truffles
  • fondue -  hot cheese or chocolate melted to the consistency of a sauce into which bread or fruits are dipped; cubes of meat or seafood cooked in hot oil and then dipped in any of various sauces
  • food additive -  an additive to food intended to improve its flavor or appearance or shelf-life
  • food allergy -  allergic reaction to a substance ingested in food
  • food and drug administration -  a federal agency in the department of health and human services established to regulate the release of new foods and health-related products
  • food bank -  a place where food is contributed and made available to those in need
  • food coloring -  a digestible substance used to give color to food
  • food processor -  a kitchen appliance with interchangeable blades; used for shredding or blending or chopping or slicing food
  • food product -  a substance that can be used or prepared for use as food
  • food pyramid -  (ecology) a hierarchy of food chains with the principal predator at the top; each level preys on the level below
  • food waste -  food that is discarded (as from a kitchen)
  • food -  any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue; anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking; any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
  • foraging -  the act of searching for food and provisions
  • fork -  cutlery used for serving and eating food; an agricultural tool used for lifting or digging; has a handle and metal prongs; the region of the angle formed by the junction of two branches; the act of branching out or dividing into branches; the angle formed by the inner sides of the legs where they join the human trunk; verb shape like a fork; place under attack with one's own pieces, of two enemy pieces; divide into two or more branches so as to form a fork; lift with a pitchfork
  • formic acid -  a colorless pungent fuming vesicatory liquid acid hcooh found naturally in ants and many plants or made catalytically from carbon monoxide and steam; used in finishing textiles and paper and in the manufacture of insecticides and fumigants
  • fortune cookie -  thin folded wafer containing a maxim on a slip of paper
  • fowl -  a domesticated gallinaceous bird thought to be descended from the red jungle fowl; the flesh of a bird or fowl (wild or domestic) used as food; verb hunt fowl in the forest; hunt fowl
  • foxtail millet -  coarse drought-resistant annual grass grown for grain, hay and forage in europe and asia and chiefly for forage and hay in united states
  • fractionation -  separation into portions; a process that uses heat to separate a substance into its components
  • fragaria virginiana -  north american wild strawberry with sweet scarlet fruit; a source of many cultivated strawberries
  • fragaria -  strawberries
  • framboise -  the common european raspberry; fruit red or orange
  • franchise -  a statutory right or privilege granted to a person or group by a government (especially the rights of citizenship and the right to vote); an authorization to sell a company's goods or services in a particular place; a business established or operated under an authorization to sell or distribute a company's goods or services in a particular area; verb grant a franchise to
  • franco-american -  an american who was born in france or whose ancestors were french
  • frangipane -  pastry with a creamy almond-flavored filling
  • freeze-drying -  a method of drying food or blood plasma or pharmaceuticals or tissue without destroying their physical structure; material is frozen and then warmed in a vacuum so that the ice sublimes
  • french fries -  strips of potato fried in deep fat
  • french toast -  bread slice dipped in egg and milk and fried; topped with sugar or fruit or syrup
  • fricassee -  pieces of chicken or other meat stewed in gravy with e.G. Carrots and onions and served with noodles or dumplings; verb make a fricassee of by cooking
  • fried egg -  eggs cooked by sauteing in oil or butter; sometimes turned and cooked on both sides
  • fried rice -  boiled rice mixed with scallions and minced pork or shrimp and quickly scrambled with eggs
  • frittata -  italian omelet with diced vegetables and meats; cooked until bottom is set then inverted into another pan to cook the top
  • frog legs -  hind legs of frogs used as food; resemble chicken and cooked as chicken
  • frosty -  covered with frost; pleasantly cold and invigorating; devoid of warmth and cordiality; expressive of unfriendliness or disdain
  • frozen custard -  dessert resembling ice cream but with a boiled custard base
  • frozen food -  food preserved by freezing
  • frozen yogurt -  a soft frozen dessert of sweetened flavored yogurt
  • fructose -  a simple sugar found in honey and in many ripe fruits
  • fruit cocktail -  a mixture of sliced or diced fruits
  • fruit salad -  salad composed of fruits
  • fruit tree -  tree bearing edible fruit
  • fruit -  the consequence of some effort or action; the ripened reproductive body of a seed plant; an amount of a product; verb bear fruit; cause to bear fruit
  • fruitcake -  a rich cake containing dried fruit and nuts and citrus peel and so on; a whimsically eccentric person
  • fruity -  tasting or smelling richly of or as of fruit; informal or slang terms for mentally irregular
  • fucus vesiculosus -  a common rockweed used in preparing kelp and as manure
  • fudge -  soft creamy candy; verb fake or falsify; avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing (duties, questions, or issues)
  • fugu -  a blowfish highly prized as a delicacy in japan but highly dangerous because the skin and organs are poisonous
  • fuji -  an extinct volcano in south central honshu that is the highest peak in japan; last erupted in 1707; famous for its symmetrical snow-capped peak; a sacred mountain and site for pilgrimages; shrubby japanese cherry tree having pale pink blossoms
  • fumaric acid -  a colorless crystalline acid with a fruity taste; used in making polyester resins
  • funnel -  (nautical) smokestack consisting of a shaft for ventilation or the passage of smoke (especially the smokestack of a ship); a conically shaped utensil having a narrow tube at the small end; used to channel the flow of substances into a container with a small mouth; a conical shape with a wider and a narrower opening at the two ends; verb move or pour through a funnel
  • furfural -  a liquid aldehyde with a penetrating odor; made from plant hulls and corn cobs; used in making furan and as a solvent
  • g -  the 7th letter of the roman alphabet; a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated; (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in newton's law of gravitation; a unit of information equal to one billion (1,073,741,824) bytes or 1024 megabytes; a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram; one of the four nucleotides used in building dna; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose); a purine base found in dna and rna; pairs with cytosine
  • gala -  a gay festivity
  • galactose -  a simple sugar found in lactose
  • galangal -  southeastern asian perennial with aromatic roots; european sedge having rough-edged leaves and spikelets of reddish flowers and aromatic roots
  • galantine -  boned poultry stuffed then cooked and covered with aspic; served cold
  • galaxy -  a splendid assemblage (especially of famous people); (astronomy) a collection of star systems; any of the billions of systems each having many stars and nebulae and dust; tufted evergreen perennial herb having spikes of tiny white flowers and glossy green round to heart-shaped leaves that become coppery to maroon or purplish in fall
  • galium odoratum -  old world fragrant stoloniferous perennial having small white flowers and narrow leaves used as flavoring and in sachets; widely cultivated as a ground cover; in some classifications placed in genus asperula
  • galley -  the area for food preparation on a ship; the kitchen area for food preparation on an airliner; (classical antiquity) a crescent-shaped seagoing vessel propelled by oars; a large medieval vessel with a single deck propelled by sails and oars with guns at stern and prow; a complement of 1,000 men; used mainly in the mediterranean for war and trading
  • galliano -  golden italian liqueur flavored with herbs
  • gallic acid -  a colorless crystalline acid obtained from tannin
  • gallon -  united states liquid unit equal to 4 quarts or 3.785 liters; a british imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 4 quarts or 4.545 liters
  • game -  willing to face danger; disabled in the feet or legs;  an amusement or pastime; a contest with rules to determine a winner; a single play of a sport or other contest; frivolous or trifling behavior; your occupation or line of work; animal hunted for food or sport; the game equipment needed in order to play a particular game; the flesh of wild animals that is used for food; (games) the score at a particular point or the score needed to win; a secret scheme to do something (especially something underhand or illegal); verb place a bet on
  • gamecock -  a cock bred and trained for fighting; someone who is a very fierce fighter
  • garden cress -  cress cultivated for salads and garnishes
  • garlic press -  a press for extracting juice from garlic
  • garlic -  aromatic bulb used as seasoning; bulbous herb of southern europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong-flavored cloves
  • garnish -  any decoration added as a trimming or adornment; something (such as parsley) added to a dish for flavor or decoration; verb decorate (food), as with parsley or other ornamental foods; take a debtor's wages on legal orders, such as for child support
  • gastronomy -  the art and practice of choosing and preparing and eating good food; a particular style of cookery (as of a region)
  • gaultheria procumbens -  creeping shrub of eastern north america having white bell-shaped flowers followed by spicy red berrylike fruit and shiny aromatic leaves that yield wintergreen oil
  • gaylussacia -  deciduous or evergreen shrubs of north america: black huckleberries
  • gazpacho -  a soup made with chopped tomatoes and onions and cucumbers and peppers and herbs; served cold
  • gefilte fish -  well-seasoned balls of ground fish and eggs and crushed crumbs simmered in fish stock
  • gelatin dessert -  jellied dessert made with gelatin and fruit juice or water
  • genipa americana -  tree of the west indies and northern south america bearing succulent edible orange-sized fruit
  • genus -  a general kind of something; (biology) taxonomic group containing one or more species
  • geoduck -  a large edible clam found burrowing deeply in sandy mud along the pacific coast of north america; weighs up to six pounds; has siphons that can extend to several feet and cannot be withdrawn into the shell
  • geophagia -  eating earth or clay or chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes or sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency
  • geophagy -  eating earth or clay or chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes or sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency
  • george washington carver -  united states botanist and agricultural chemist who developed many uses for peanuts and soy beans and sweet potatoes (1864-1943)
  • george washington -  1st president of the united states; commander-in-chief of the continental army during the american revolution (1732-1799)
  • georgia -  a republic in asia minor on the black sea separated from russia by the caucasus mountains; formerly an asian soviet but became independent in 1991; a state in southeastern united states; one of the confederate states during the american civil war; one of the british colonies that formed the united states
  • ghee -  clarified butter used in indian cookery
  • giblets -  edible viscera of a fowl
  • gimlet -  a cocktail made of gin or vodka and lime juice; hand tool for boring holes
  • gin and tonic -  gin and quinine water
  • gin -  a form of rummy in which a player can go out if the cards remaining in their hand total less than 10 points; strong liquor flavored with juniper berries; a machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers; a trap for birds or small mammals; often has a slip noose; verb trap with a snare; separate the seeds from (cotton) with a cotton gin
  • ginger ale -  ginger-flavored carbonated drink
  • ginger beer -  carbonated slightly alcoholic drink flavored with fermented ginger
  • ginger -  (used especially of hair or fur) having a bright orange-brown color;  pungent rhizome of the common ginger plant; used fresh as a seasoning especially in oriental cookery; dried ground gingerroot; perennial plants having thick branching aromatic rhizomes and leafy reedlike stems; liveliness and energy; verb add ginger to in order to add flavor
  • gingerbread man -  gingerbread cut in the shape of a person
  • gingerbread -  cake flavored with ginger
  • gingerol -  derived from ginger; source of the hotness of ginger
  • ginkgo biloba -  deciduous dioecious chinese tree having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seeds; exists almost exclusively in cultivation especially as an ornamental street tree
  • gizzard -  thick-walled muscular pouch below the crop in many birds and reptiles for grinding food
  • global -  involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope; having the shape of a sphere or ball
  • glucose -  a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • glutamic acid -  an amino acid occurring in proteins; important in the nitrogen metabolism of plants; used in monosodium glutamate to enhance the flavor of meats
  • glutamine -  a crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins; important in protein metabolism
  • gluten -  a protein substance that remains when starch is removed from cereal grains; gives cohesiveness to dough
  • gluttony -  eating to excess (personified as one of the deadly sins); habitual eating to excess
  • glycerol -  a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • glycine -  genus of asiatic erect or sprawling herbs: soya bean; the simplest amino acid found in proteins and the principal amino acid in sugar cane
  • glycolic acid -  a translucent crystalline compound found in sugar cane and sugar beets and unripe grapes
  • gnetum gnemon -  small tropical tree with tiered branches and divaricate branchlets having broad glossy dark green leaves; exploited for its edible young leaves and seeds that provide a fine flour
  • gnocchi -  (italian) a small dumpling made of potato or flour or semolina that is boiled or baked and is usually served with a sauce or with grated cheese
  • goat cheese -  made from goats' milk
  • golden delicious -  a sweet eating apple with yellow skin
  • golden glow -  very tall branching herb with showy much-doubled yellow flower heads
  • golden syrup -  a pale cane syrup
  • goldfish -  small golden or orange-red freshwater fishes of eurasia used as pond or aquarium fishes
  • good humor -  a cheerful and agreeable mood
  • goose barnacle -  stalked barnacle that attaches to ship bottoms or floating timbers
  • gooseberry -  currant-like berry used primarily in jams and jellies; spiny eurasian shrub having greenish purple-tinged flowers and ovoid yellow-green or red-purple berries
  • gorgonzola -  italian blue cheese
  • gouda cheese -  mild cream-colored dutch cheese shaped in balls
  • goulash -  a rich meat stew highly seasoned with paprika
  • gourd -  bottle made from the dried shell of a bottle gourd; any vine of the family cucurbitaceae that bears fruits with hard rinds; any of numerous inedible fruits with hard rinds
  • gourmand -  a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess
  • gourmet -  a person devoted to refined sensuous enjoyment (especially good food and drink)
  • grace -  a disposition to kindness and compassion; (christian theology) the free and unmerited favor or beneficence of god; elegance and beauty of movement or expression; a short prayer of thanks before a meal; (greek mythology) one of three sisters who were the givers of beauty and charm; a favorite subject for sculptors; (christian theology) a state of sanctification by god; the state of one who under such divine influence; a sense of propriety and consideration for others; verb make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.; be beautiful to look at
  • graham bread -  bread made of graham (whole wheat) flour
  • graham cracker -  semisweet whole-wheat cracker
  • grain -  the direction or texture of fibers found in wood or leather or stone or in a woven fabric; foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses; a small hard particle; dry seedlike fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.G. Wheat, barley, indian corn; 1/7000 pound; equals a troy grain or 64.799 milligrams; 1/60 dram; equals an avoirdupois grain or 64.799 milligrams; a weight unit used for pearls or diamonds: 50 mg or 1/4 carat; verb paint (a surface) to make it look like stone or wood; become granular; form into grains; thoroughly work in
  • granny smith -  apple with a green skin and hard tart flesh
  • granola -  cereal made of especially rolled oats with dried fruits and nuts and honey or brown sugar
  • grape juice -  the juice of grapes
  • grape -  any of various juicy fruit of the genus vitis with green or purple skins; grow in clusters; any of numerous woody vines of genus vitis bearing clusters of edible berries
  • grapefruit juice -  the juice of grapefruits
  • grapefruit -  large yellow fruit with somewhat acid juicy pulp; usual serving consists of a half; citrus tree bearing large round edible fruit having a thick yellow rind and juicy somewhat acid pulp
  • grasshopper -  terrestrial plant-eating insect with hind legs adapted for leaping; a cocktail made of creme de menthe and cream (sometimes with creme de cacao)
  • grater -  utensil with sharp perforations for shredding foods (as vegetables or cheese)
  • gravity -  a solemn and dignified feeling; (physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the universe; especially the attraction of the earth's mass for bodies near its surface; a manner that is serious and solemn
  • gravy -  basically the juices that drip from cooking meats; a sudden happening that brings good fortune (as a sudden opportunity to make money)
  • greasy spoon -  a small restaurant specializing in short-order fried foods
  • green bean -  immature bean pod eaten as a vegetable; a common bean plant cultivated for its slender green edible pods
  • green revolution -  the introduction of pesticides and high-yield grains and better management during the 1960s and 1970s which greatly increased agricultural productivity
  • green river -  a river that rises in western wyoming and flows southward through utah to become a tributary of the colorado river
  • green tea -  tea leaves that have been steamed and dried without fermenting
  • greengage -  sweet green or greenish-yellow variety of plum
  • greengrocer -  a grocer who sells fresh fruits and vegetables
  • grenadine -  thin syrup made from pomegranate juice; used in mixed drinks
  • grias cauliflora -  west indian tree bearing edible fruit resembling mango
  • grias -  anchovy pear tree
  • griddle -  cooking utensil consisting of a flat heated surface (as on top of a stove) on which food is cooked; verb cook on a griddle
  • grill -  a framework of metal bars used as a partition or a grate; a restaurant where food is cooked on a grill; verb cook over a grill
  • grilling -  cooking by direct exposure to radiant heat (as over a fire or under a grill)
  • grinding -  a harsh and strident sound (as of the grinding of gears); matter resulting from the process of grinding; the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
  • gristmill -  a mill for grinding grain (especially the customer's own grain)
  • grits -  coarsely ground hulled corn boiled as a breakfast dish in the southern united states
  • groat -  a former english silver coin worth four pennies
  • grocer -  a retail merchant who sells foodstuffs (and some household supplies)
  • grocery store -  a marketplace where groceries are sold
  • grog -  rum cut with water
  • ground beef -  beef that has been ground
  • grouper -  usually solitary bottom sea basses of warm seas; flesh of a saltwater fish similar to sea bass
  • guacamole -  a dip made of mashed avocado mixed with chopped onions and other seasonings
  • guar gum -  a gum from seeds of the guar plant; used to thicken foods and as sizing for paper and cloth
  • guar -  drought-tolerant herb grown for forage and for its seed which yield a gum used as a thickening agent or sizing material
  • guava -  tropical fruit having yellow skin and pink pulp; eaten fresh or used for e.G. Jellies; small tropical american shrubby tree; widely cultivated in warm regions for its sweet globular yellow fruit; small tropical shrubby tree bearing small yellowish fruit
  • gui -  a user interface based on graphics (icons and pictures and menus) instead of text; uses a mouse as well as a keyboard as an input device
  • gum arabic -  gum from an acacia tree; used as a thickener (especially in candies and pharmaceuticals)
  • gumbo -  a soup or stew thickened with okra pods; long mucilaginous green pods; may be simmered or sauteed but used especially in soups and stews; any of various fine-grained silty soils that become waxy and very sticky mud when saturated with water; tall coarse annual of old world tropics widely cultivated in southern united states and west indies for its long mucilaginous green pods used as basis for soups and stews; sometimes placed in genus hibiscus
  • gumdrop -  a jellied candy coated with sugar crystals
  • gustavus franklin swift -  united states meat-packer who began the use of refrigerated railroad cars (1839-1903)
  • gyro -  a greek sandwich: sliced roast lamb with onion and tomato stuffed into pita bread; rotating mechanism in the form of a universally mounted spinning wheel that offers resistance to turns in any direction
  • h -  the 8th letter of the roman alphabet; (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity equal to the internal energy of a system plus the product of its volume and pressure; the constant of proportionality relating the energy of a photon to its frequency; approximately 6.626 x 10^-34 joule-second; a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second; a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • haddock -  important food fish on both sides of the atlantic; related to cod but usually smaller; lean white flesh of fish similar to but smaller than cod; usually baked or poached or as fillets sauteed or fried
  • hagfish -  eellike cyclostome having a tongue with horny teeth in a round mouth surrounded by eight tentacles; feeds on dead or trapped fishes by boring into their bodies
  • haggis -  made of sheep's or calf's viscera minced with oatmeal and suet and onions and boiled in the animal's stomach
  • hair of the dog -  an alcoholic drink supposed to cure a hangover
  • halal -  conforming to dietary laws; proper or legitimate;  (islam) meat from animals that have been slaughtered in the prescribed way according to the shariah
  • half-and-half -  in equal parts;  in equal parts;  half milk and half light cream; contains 10% to 18% butterfat
  • halibut -  marine food fish of the northern atlantic or northern pacific; the largest flatfish and one of the largest teleost fishes; lean flesh of very large flatfish of atlantic or pacific
  • halite -  naturally occurring crystalline sodium chloride
  • ham hock -  a small cut of meat from the leg just above the foot
  • ham -  meat cut from the thigh of a hog (usually smoked); an unskilled actor who overacts; a licensed amateur radio operator; (old testament) son of noah; verb exaggerate one's acting
  • hammer -  the act of pounding (delivering repeated heavy blows); a hand tool with a heavy rigid head and a handle; used to deliver an impulsive force by striking; a power tool for drilling rocks; a striker that is covered in felt and that causes the piano strings to vibrate; the part of a gunlock that strikes the percussion cap when the trigger is pulled; a heavy metal sphere attached to a flexible wire; used in the hammer throw; the ossicle attached to the eardrum; verb beat with or as if with a hammer; create by hammering
  • hand grenade -  a grenade designed to be thrown by hand
  • happy hour -  the time of day when a bar sells alcoholic drinks at a reduced price
  • hard clam -  an edible american clam; the heavy shells were used as money by some american indians
  • hardtack -  very hard unsalted biscuit or bread; a former ship's staple; a mountain mahogany
  • harry - verb make a pillaging or destructive raid on (a place), as in wartimes; annoy continually or chronically
  • harvest -  the season for gathering crops; the gathering of a ripened crop; the consequence of an effort or activity; the yield from plants in a single growing season; verb remove from a culture or a living or dead body, as for the purposes of transplantation; gather, as of natural products
  • harvey wallbanger -  a cocktail made of vodka or gin and orange juice and galliano
  • hash -  chopped meat mixed with potatoes and browned; purified resinous extract of the hemp plant; used as a hallucinogen; verb chop up
  • hasty pudding -  cornmeal mush served with sweetening (maple syrup or brown sugar); sweetened porridge made of tapioca or flour or oatmeal cooked quickly in milk or water
  • haute cuisine -  (french) an elaborate and skillful manner of preparing food
  • hawaii -  a state in the united states in the central pacific on the hawaiian islands; the largest and southernmost of the hawaii islands; has several volcanic peaks
  • heel -  the bottom of a shoe or boot; the back part of a shoe or boot that touches the ground and provides elevation; (golf) the part of the clubhead where it joins the shaft; the lower end of a ship's mast; the back part of the human foot; one of the crusty ends of a loaf of bread; someone who is morally reprehensible; verb put a new heel on; strike with the heel of the club; perform with the heels; follow at the heels of a person; tilt to one side
  • heinz -  united states industrialist who manufactured and sold processed foods (1844-1919)
  • helianthus annuus -  annual sunflower grown for silage and for its seeds which are a source of oil; common throughout united states and much of north america
  • helix pomatia -  one of the chief edible snails
  • hemp -  a plant fiber; a rope that is used by a hangman to execute persons who have been condemned to death by hanging; any plant of the genus cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
  • herb -  aromatic potherb used in cookery for its savory qualities; a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
  • herbal tea -  tea-like drink made of leaves of various herbs
  • herring -  commercially important food fish of northern waters of both atlantic and pacific; valuable flesh of fatty fish from shallow waters of northern atlantic or pacific; usually salted or pickled
  • hershey bar -  a bar of milk chocolate made by the hershey company
  • hershey -  an industrial town east of harrisburg; united states confectioner and philanthropist who created the model industrial town of hershey, pennsylvania; founded an industrial school for orphan boys (1857-1945)
  • hevea brasiliensis -  deciduous tree of the amazon and orinoco rivers having leathery leaves and fragrant yellow-white flowers; the rubber tree usually cultivated in plantations; chief source of para rubber
  • hickory -  american hardwood tree bearing edible nuts; valuable tough heavy hardwood from various hickory trees
  • highball glass -  a tall glass for serving highballs
  • highball -  a mixed drink made of alcoholic liquor mixed with water or a carbonated beverage and served in a tall glass
  • historic -  important in history; belonging to the past; of what is important or famous in the past
  • hock -  tarsal joint of the hind leg of hoofed mammals; corresponds to the human ankle; any of several white wines from the rhine river valley in germany (`hock' is british usage); verb disable by cutting the hock; leave as a guarantee in return for money
  • hoe -  a tool with a flat blade attached at right angles to a long handle; verb dig with a hoe
  • hoisin sauce -  a thick sweet and pungent chinese condiment
  • holy trinity -  the union of the father and son and holy ghost in one godhead
  • home economics -  theory and practice of homemaking
  • hominy -  hulled corn with the bran and germ removed
  • honey -  of something having the color of honey;  a sweet yellow liquid produced by bees; a beloved person; used as terms of endearment; verb sweeten with honey
  • honeycomb -  a framework of hexagonal cells resembling the honeycomb built by bees; a structure of small hexagonal cells constructed from beeswax by bees and used to store honey and larvae; verb make full of cavities, like a honeycomb; penetrate thoroughly and into every part; carve a honeycomb pattern into
  • honeydew -  the fruit of a variety of winter melon vine; a large smooth greenish-white melon with pale green flesh
  • honor -  a woman's virtue or chastity; the quality of being honorable and having a good name; the state of being honored; a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction; verb accept as pay; bestow honor or rewards upon; show respect towards
  • hops -  twining perennials having cordate leaves and flowers arranged in conelike spikes; the dried flowers of this plant are used in brewing to add the characteristic bitter taste to beer
  • horehound -  a candy that is flavored with an extract of the horehound plant; any of various aromatic herbs of the genus marrubium
  • hors d'oeuvre -  a dish served as an appetizer before the main meal
  • horseradish -  grated horseradish root; coarse eurasian plant cultivated for its thick white pungent root; the root of the horseradish plant; it is grated or ground and used for seasoning
  • hot chocolate -  a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • hot cross bun -  moderately sweet raised roll containing spices and raisins and citron and decorated with a cross-shaped sugar glaze
  • hot pot -  a stew of meat and potatoes cooked in a tightly covered pot
  • hot sauce -  a pungent peppery sauce
  • hot toddy -  a mixed drink made of liquor and water with sugar and spices and served hot
  • hot-dog - verb perform intricate maneuvers while skiing
  • hummus -  a thick spread made from mashed chickpeas, tahini, lemon juice and garlic; used especially as a dip for pita; originated in the middle east
  • humulus -  hops: hardy perennial vines of europe, north america and central and eastern asia producing a latex sap; in some classifications included in the family urticaceae
  • hunger -  strong desire for something (not food or drink); a physiological need for food; the consequence of food deprivation; verb feel the need to eat; be hungry; go without food; have a craving, appetite, or great desire for
  • hunting -  the pursuit and killing or capture of wild animals regarded as a sport; the work of finding and killing or capturing animals for food or pelts; the activity of looking thoroughly in order to find something or someone
  • hurricane -  a severe tropical cyclone usually with heavy rains and winds moving a 73-136 knots (12 on the beaufort scale)
  • hushpuppy -  deep-fried cornbread ball (southern)
  • hutchinson -  american colonist (born in england) who was banished from boston for her religious views (1591-1643)
  • hydrometer -  a measuring instrument for determining the specific gravity of a liquid or solid
  • hypermarket -  a huge supermarket (usually built on the outskirts of a town)
  • hypochaeris radicata -  european weed widely naturalized in north america having yellow flower heads and leaves resembling a cat's ears
  • hyssopus -  eurasian genus of perennial herbs or subshrubs
  • ice cream -  frozen dessert containing cream and sugar and flavoring
  • ice cube -  a small cube of artificial ice; used for cooling drinks
  • ice milk -  similar to ice cream but made of milk
  • icebox -  white goods in which food can be stored at low temperatures
  • iced coffee -  strong sweetened coffee served over ice with cream
  • iced tea -  strong tea served over ice
  • icing -  (ice hockey) the act of shooting the puck from within your own defensive area the length of the rink beyond the opponent's goal; a flavored sugar topping used to coat and decorate cakes; the formation of frost or ice on a surface
  • ides -  in the roman calendar: the 15th of march or may or july or october or the 13th of any other month
  • ilama -  whitish tropical fruit with a pinkish tinge related to custard apples; grown in the southern united states; tropical american tree grown in southern united states having a whitish pink-tinged fruit
  • illicium verum -  small tree of china and vietnam bearing anise-scented star-shaped fruit used in food and medicinally as a carminative
  • illicium -  anise trees: evergreen trees with aromatic leaves
  • impossible -  not capable of occurring or being accomplished or dealt with; totally unlikely; used of persons or their behavior;  something that cannot be done
  • inc -  a heterogeneous collection of groups united in their opposition to saddam hussein's government of iraq; formed in 1992 it is comprised of sunni and shiite arabs and kurds who hope to build a new government
  • incorporated -  introduced into as a part of the whole; organized and maintained as a legal corporation; formed or united into a whole
  • inga -  any tree or shrub of the genus inga having pinnate leaves and showy usually white flowers; cultivated as ornamentals
  • ingredient -  a component of a mixture or compound; food that is a component of a mixture in cooking; an abstract part of something
  • inulin -  used to manufacture fructose and in assessing kidney function
  • inventor -  someone who is the first to think of or make something
  • ireland -  an island comprising the republic of ireland and northern ireland; a republic consisting of 26 of 32 counties comprising the island of ireland; achieved independence from the united kingdom in 1921
  • irish coffee -  sweetened coffee with irish whiskey and whipped cream
  • irish stew -  meat (especially mutton) stewed with potatoes and onions
  • irish whiskey -  whiskey made in ireland chiefly from barley
  • iron -  extremely robust;  home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth; a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head; implement used to brand live stock; a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood; verb press and smooth with a heated iron
  • irving -  united states writer of darkly humorous novels (born in 1942); united states writer remembered for his stories (1783-1859)
  • irvingia gabonensis -  african tree with edible yellow fruit resembling mangos; valued for its oil-rich seed and hardy green wood that resists termites
  • isinglass -  any of various minerals consisting of hydrous silicates of aluminum or potassium etc. That crystallize in forms that allow perfect cleavage into very thin leaves; used as dielectrics because of their resistance to electricity
  • israel -  an ancient kingdom of the hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the mediterranean sea; founded by saul around 1025 bc and destroyed by the assyrians in 721 bc; jewish republic in southwestern asia at eastern end of mediterranean; formerly part of palestine
  • j -  the 10th letter of the roman alphabet; a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second
  • jack-in-the-box -  plaything consisting of a toy clown that jumps out of a box when the lid is opened
  • jackfruit -  immense east indian fruit resembling breadfruit; it contains an edible pulp and nutritious seeds that are commonly roasted; east indian tree cultivated for its immense edible fruit and seeds
  • jaffa orange -  sweet almost seedless orange of israel
  • jaggery -  unrefined brown sugar made from palm sap
  • jam -  preserve of crushed fruit; deliberate radiation or reflection of electromagnetic energy for the purpose of disrupting enemy use of electronic devices or systems; a dense crowd of people; informal terms for a difficult situation; verb interfere with or prevent the reception of signals; crush or bruise; crowd or pack to capacity; get stuck and immobilized; push down forcibly; block passage through; press tightly together or cram
  • jambalaya -  spicy creole dish of rice and ham, sausage, chicken, or shellfish with tomatoes, peppers, onions, and celery
  • jazz -  a style of dance music popular in the 1920s; similar to new orleans jazz but played by large bands; a genre of popular music that originated in new orleans around 1900 and developed through increasingly complex styles; empty rhetoric or insincere or exaggerated talk; verb play something in the style of jazz; have sexual intercourse with
  • jell-o -  fruit-flavored dessert (trade mark jell-o) made from a commercially prepared gelatin powder
  • jelly bean -  sugar-glazed jellied candy
  • jelly -  a preserve made of the jelled juice of fruit; a substance having the consistency of semisolid foods; an edible jelly (sweet or pungent) made with gelatin and used as a dessert or salad base or a coating for foods; verb make into jelly
  • jerk -  an abrupt spasmodic movement; raising a weight from shoulder height to above the head by straightening the arms; a dull stupid fatuous person; (mechanics) the rate of change of acceleration; a sudden abrupt pull; meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun; verb throw or toss with a quick motion; move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions; make an uncontrolled, short, jerky motion; pull, or move with a sudden movement; jump vertically, with legs stiff and back arched
  • jerky -  having or revealing stupidity; marked by abrupt transitions; not having a steady rhythm;  meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun
  • jerusalem artichoke -  sunflower tuber eaten raw or boiled or sliced thin and fried as saratoga chips; tall perennial with hairy stems and leaves; widely cultivated for its large irregular edible tubers; edible tuber of the jerusalem artichoke
  • jesus -  a teacher and prophet born in bethlehem and active in nazareth; his life and sermons form the basis for christianity (circa 4 bc - ad 29)
  • jewel -  a precious or semiprecious stone incorporated into a piece of jewelry; a person who is a brilliant and precious as a piece of jewelry; verb adorn or decorate with precious stones
  • ji -  a clandestine group of southeast asian terrorists organized in 1993 and trained by al-qaeda; supports militant muslims in indonesia and the philippines and has cells in singapore and malaysia and indonesia
  • jiffy -  a very short time (as the time it takes the eye blink or the heart to beat)
  • jigger -  larval mite that sucks the blood of vertebrates including human beings causing intense irritation; any small mast on a sailing vessel; especially the mizzenmast of a yawl; a small glass adequate to hold a single swallow of whiskey
  • job's tears -  hard pearly seeds of an asiatic grass; often used as beads
  • john dory -  european dory
  • johnnycake -  cornbread usually cooked pancake-style on a griddle (chiefly new england)
  • johnson -  17th president of the united states; was elected vice president and succeeded lincoln when lincoln was assassinated; was impeached but acquitted by one vote (1808-1875); 36th president of the united states; was elected vice president and succeeded kennedy when kennedy was assassinated (1908-1973); english writer and lexicographer (1709-1784)
  • jonah crab -  large red deep-water crab of the eastern coast of north america
  • jonathan -  red late-ripening apple; primarily eaten raw
  • jug wine -  inexpensive wine sold in large bottles or jugs
  • juglandaceae -  trees having usually edible nuts: butternuts; walnuts; hickories; pecans
  • juglans californica -  medium-sized tree with somewhat aromatic compound leaves and edible nuts
  • juglans cinerea -  north american walnut tree having light-brown wood and edible nuts; source of a light-brown dye
  • juglans nigra -  north american walnut tree with hard dark wood and edible nut
  • juglans regia -  eurasian walnut valued for its large edible nut and its hard richly figured wood; widely cultivated
  • juglans -  type genus of the juglandaceae
  • juice -  any of several liquids of the body; the liquid part that can be extracted from plant or animal tissue; electric current; energetic vitality
  • jujube -  chewy fruit-flavored jellied candy (sometimes medicated to soothe a sore throat); dark red plumlike fruit of old world buckthorn trees; spiny tree having dark red edible fruits
  • june bug -  any of various large usually brown north american leaf-eating beetles common in late spring; the larvae feed on roots of grasses etc.
  • juniper berry -  berrylike fruit of a plant of the genus juniperus especially the berrylike cone of the common juniper
  • juniper -  coniferous shrub or small tree with berrylike cones; desert shrub of syria and arabia having small white flowers; constitutes the juniper of the old testament; sometimes placed in genus genista
  • junk food -  food that tastes good but is high in calories having little nutritional value
  • junket -  a trip taken by an official at public expense; dessert made of sweetened milk coagulated with rennet; a journey taken for pleasure; verb partake in a feast or banquet; provide a feast or banquet for; go on a pleasure trip
  • k ration -  a small package of emergency rations; issued to united states troops in world war ii
  • k -  street names for ketamine; the 11th letter of the roman alphabet; a unit of information equal to one thousand (1024) bytes; the basic unit of thermodynamic temperature adopted under the systeme international d'unites; a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • ka -  unknown god; an epithet of prajapati and brahma
  • kaiser roll -  rounded raised poppy-seed roll made of a square piece of dough by folding the corners in to the center
  • kale -  coarse curly-leafed cabbage; a hardy cabbage with coarse curly leaves that do not form a head; informal terms for money
  • kansas -  a state in midwestern united states; a river in northeastern kansas; flows eastward to become a tributary of the missouri river; the dhegiha dialect spoken by the kansa; a member of the siouan people of the kansas river valley in kansas
  • kasha -  boiled or baked buckwheat
  • kebab -  cubes of meat marinated and cooked on a skewer usually with vegetables
  • kelp -  large brown seaweeds having fluted leathery fronds
  • kettle -  a metal pot for stewing or boiling; usually has a lid; a large hemispherical brass or copper percussion instrument with a drumhead that can be tuned by adjusting the tension on it; the quantity a kettle will hold; (geology) a hollow (typically filled by a lake) that results from the melting of a mass of ice trapped in glacial deposits
  • key lime -  small yellow-green limes of southern florida
  • keystone -  the central building block at the top of an arch or vault; a central cohesive source of support and stability
  • kick -  the act of delivering a blow with the foot; a rhythmic thrusting movement of the legs as in swimming or calisthenics; the sudden stimulation provided by strong drink (or certain drugs); informal terms for objecting; the backward jerk of a gun when it is fired; the swift release of a store of affective force; verb make a goal; stop consuming; strike with the foot; drive or propel with the foot; thrash about or strike out with the feet; kick a leg up; express complaints, discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness; spring back, as from a forceful thrust
  • kidney bean -  large dark red bean; usually dried; the common bean plant grown for the beans rather than the pods (especially a variety with large red kidney-shaped beans)
  • kipper -  salted and smoked herring
  • kirsch -  from fermented juice of black morello cherries
  • kitchen -  a room equipped for preparing meals
  • knish -  (yiddish) baked or fried turnover filled with potato or meat or cheese; often eaten as a snack
  • kohlrabi -  fleshy turnip-shaped edible stem of the kohlrabi plant; plant cultivated for its enlarged fleshy turnip-shaped edible stem
  • kola nut -  bitter brown seed containing caffein; source of cola extract; tree bearing large brown nuts containing e.G. Caffeine; source of cola extract
  • krill -  shrimp-like planktonic crustaceans; major source of food for e.G. Baleen whales
  • kudzu -  fast-growing vine from eastern asia having tuberous starchy roots and hairy trifoliate leaves and racemes of purple flowers followed by long hairy pods containing many seeds; grown for fodder and forage and root starch; widespread in the southern united states
  • kumis -  an alcoholic beverage made from fermented mare's milk; made originally by nomads of central asia
  • kumquat -  small oval citrus fruit with thin sweet rind and very acid pulp; any of several trees or shrubs of the genus fortunella bearing small orange-colored edible fruits with thick sweet-flavored skin and sour pulp
  • kurrat -  coarse old world perennial having a large bulb and tall stalk of greenish purple-tinged flowers; widely naturalized
  • kvass -  fermented beverage resembling beer but made from rye or barley
  • ky -  a state in east central united states; a border state during the american civil war; famous for breeding race horses
  • kylix -  a shallow drinking cup with two handles; used in ancient greece
  • l -  the 12th letter of the roman alphabet; a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints); a cgs unit of illumination equal to the brightness of a perfectly diffusing surface that emits or reflects one lumen per square centimeter
  • la -  the syllable naming the sixth (submediant) note of a major or minor scale in solmization; a state in southern united states on the gulf of mexico; one of the confederate states during the american civil war; a white soft metallic element that tarnishes readily; occurs in rare earth minerals and is usually classified as a rare earth
  • lablab -  one species: hyacinth bean
  • labrador tea -  evergreen shrub of eastern north america having white or creamy bell-shaped flowers and dark green hairy leaves used for tea during american revolution
  • lactase -  any of a group of enzymes (trade name lactaid) that hydrolyze lactose to glucose and galactose
  • lactic acid -  a clear odorless hygroscopic syrupy carboxylic acid found in sour milk and in many fruits
  • lactose intolerance -  congenital disorder consisting of an inability to digest milk and milk products; absence or deficiency of lactase results in an inability to hydrolyze lactose
  • lactose -  a sugar comprising one glucose molecule linked to a galactose molecule; occurs only in milk
  • ladyfinger -  small finger-shaped sponge cake
  • lagenaria -  bottle gourds
  • lame -  disabled in the feet or legs; pathetically lacking in force or effectiveness;  a fabric interwoven with threads of metal; someone who doesn't understand what is going on; verb deprive of the use of a limb, especially a leg
  • languedoc-roussillon -  a region in south central france; named after the medieval dialect of french that was spoken there
  • larder -  a supply of food especially for a household; a small storeroom for storing foods or wines
  • lardizabala -  evergreen monoecious climbers of south america having dark mauve-blue edible berries
  • las vegas -  largest city in nevada; located in southeastern nevada; originally settled by mormons but is now famous for entertainment and gambling and general excess
  • lasagne -  very wide flat strips of pasta; baked dish of layers of lasagna pasta with sauce and cheese and meat or vegetables
  • last supper -  the traditional passover supper of jesus with his disciples on the eve of his crucifixion
  • lathyrus japonicus -  wild pea of seashores of north temperate zone having tough roots and purple flowers and useful as a sand binder
  • lathyrus sativus -  european annual grown for forage; seeds used for food in india and for stock elsewhere
  • lathyrus tuberosus -  european herb bearing small tubers used for food and in scotland to flavor whiskey
  • latte -  strong espresso coffee with a topping of frothed steamed milk
  • laurus nobilis -  small mediterranean evergreen tree with small blackish berries and glossy aromatic leaves used for flavoring in cooking; also used by ancient greeks to crown victors
  • lavandula angustifolia -  aromatic mediterranean shrub widely cultivated for its lilac flowers which are dried and used in sachets
  • lavandula -  lavender
  • laxative -  stimulating evacuation of feces;  a mild cathartic
  • lazy susan -  a revolving tray placed on a dining table
  • lecithin -  a yellow phospholipid essential for the metabolism of fats; found in egg yolk and in many plant and animal cells; used commercially as an emulsifier
  • ledum -  evergreen shrubs of north temperate regions
  • leek -  related to onions; white cylindrical bulb and flat dark-green leaves; plant having a large slender white bulb and flat overlapping dark green leaves; used in cooking; believed derived from the wild allium ampeloprasum
  • lees -  the sediment from fermentation of an alcoholic beverage
  • legume -  the seedpod of a leguminous plant (such as peas or beans or lentils); an erect or climbing bean or pea plant of the family leguminosae; the fruit or seed of any of various bean or pea plants consisting of a case that splits along both sides when ripe and having the seeds attach to one side of the case
  • lemon balm -  lemony leaves used for a tisane or in soups or fruit punches; bushy perennial old world mint having small white or yellowish flowers and fragrant lemon-flavored leaves; a garden escapee in northern europe and north america
  • lemon drop -  a hard candy with lemon flavor and a yellow color and (usually) the shape of a lemon
  • lemon meringue pie -  pie containing lemon custard and topped with meringue
  • lemon -  an artifact (especially an automobile) that is defective or unsatisfactory; a distinctive tart flavor characteristic of lemons; yellow oval fruit with juicy acidic flesh; a small evergreen tree that originated in asia but is widely cultivated for its fruit; a strong yellow color
  • lemonade -  sweetened beverage of diluted lemon juice
  • lentil -  round flat seed of the lentil plant used for food; widely cultivated eurasian annual herb grown for its edible flattened seeds that are cooked like peas and also ground into meal and for its leafy stalks that are used as fodder; the fruit or seed of a lentil plant
  • leonidas -  king of sparta and hero of the battle of thermopylae where he was killed by the persians (died in 480 bc)
  • lettuce -  leaves of any of various plants of lactuca sativa; any of various plants of the genus lactuca; informal terms for money
  • leucanthemum vulgare -  tall leafy-stemmed eurasian perennial with white flowers; widely naturalized; often placed in genus chrysanthemum
  • liebfraumilch -  a sweetened rhenish wine (especially one from hesse in western germany)
  • lilium lancifolium -  east asian perennial having large reddish-orange black-spotted flowers with reflexed petals
  • lilium -  type genus of liliaceae
  • lilt -  a jaunty rhythm in music; verb articulate in a very careful and rhythmic way
  • lima bean -  broad flat beans simmered gently; never eaten raw; bush or tall-growing bean plant having large flat edible seeds; bush bean plant cultivated especially in southern united states having small flat edible seeds
  • limburger -  a soft white cheese with a very strong pungent odor and flavor
  • lime -  the green acidic fruit of any of various lime trees; any of various related trees bearing limes; any of various deciduous trees of the genus tilia with heart-shaped leaves and drooping cymose clusters of yellowish often fragrant flowers; several yield valuable timber; a sticky adhesive that is smeared on small branches to capture small birds; a white crystalline oxide used in the production of calcium hydroxide; a caustic substance produced by heating limestone; verb cover with lime so as to induce growth; spread birdlime on branches to catch birds
  • limewater -  solution of calcium hydroxide in water used as an antacid
  • limonene -  a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
  • limpet -  any of various usually marine gastropods with low conical shells; found clinging to rocks in littoral areas; mollusk with a low conical shell
  • linguine -  pasta in long slender flat strips
  • link up - verb make a logical or causal connection; connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces; be or become joined or united or linked
  • linseed oil -  a drying oil extracted from flax seed and used in making such things as oil paints
  • lion -  large gregarious predatory feline of africa and india having a tawny coat with a shaggy mane in the male; a celebrity who is lionized (much sought after); the fifth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about july 23 to august 22; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in leo
  • liqueur -  strong highly flavored sweet liquor usually drunk after a meal
  • liquor -  the liquid in which vegetables or meat have be cooked; an alcoholic beverage that is distilled rather than fermented; a liquid substance that is a solution (or emulsion or suspension) used or obtained in an industrial process
  • liquorice -  a black candy flavored with the dried root of the licorice plant; deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in europe for its long thick sweet roots
  • liver -  having a reddish-brown color;  large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin a; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn-out erythrocytes; liver of an animal used as meat; someone who lives in a place; a person who has a special life style
  • liverwurst -  sausage containing ground liver
  • lobster thermidor -  diced lobster mixed with mornay sauce placed back in the shell and sprinkled with grated cheese and browned
  • lodging -  the act of lodging; structures collectively in which people are housed; the state or quality of being lodged or fixed even temporarily
  • loganberry -  large red variety of the dewberry; red-fruited bramble native from oregon to baja california
  • loin -  either side of the backbone between the hipbone and the ribs in humans as well as quadrupeds; a cut of meat taken from the side and back of an animal between the ribs and the rump
  • lollipop -  hard candy on a stick; ice cream or water ice on a small wooden stick
  • london -  the capital and largest city of england; located on the thames in southeastern england; financial and industrial and cultural center; united states writer of novels based on experiences in the klondike gold rush (1876-1916)
  • long pepper -  slender tropical climber of the eastern himalayas; plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
  • longan -  tree of southeastern asia to australia grown primarily for its sweet edible fruit resembling litchi nuts; sometimes placed in genera euphorbia or nephelium
  • loquat -  yellow olive-sized semitropical fruit with a large free stone and relatively little flesh; used for jellies; evergreen tree of warm regions having fuzzy yellow olive-sized fruit with a large free stone; native to china and japan
  • lorraine -  an eastern french region rich in iron-ore deposits
  • lovage -  stalks eaten like celery or candied like angelica; seeds used for flavoring or pickled like capers; herb native to southern europe; cultivated for its edible stalks and foliage and seeds
  • lox -  brine-cured salmon that is lightly smoked; a bluish translucent magnetic liquid obtained by compressing gaseous oxygen and then cooling it below its boiling point; used as an oxidizer in rocket propellants
  • lu -  a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; usually occurs in association with yttrium
  • luffa -  any of several tropical annual climbers having large yellow flowers and edible young fruits; grown commercially for the mature fruit's dried fibrous interior that is used as a sponge; the dried fibrous part of the fruit of a plant of the genus luffa; used as a washing sponge or strainer
  • lunch meat -  any of various sausages or molded loaf meats sliced and served cold
  • lupinus -  herbs or shrubs: lupin
  • lutefisk -  dried cod soaked in a lye solution before boiling to give it a gelatinous consistency
  • lutein -  yellow carotenoid pigments in plants and animal fats and egg yolks
  • lutjanidae -  snappers
  • lux -  a unit of illumination equal to 1 lumen per square meter; 0.0929 foot candle
  • lychee -  chinese fruit having a thin brittle shell enclosing a sweet jellylike pulp and a single seed; often dried
  • lycopene -  carotenoid that makes tomatoes red; may lower the risk of prostate cancer
  • m -  the 13th letter of the roman alphabet; concentration measured by the number of moles of solute per liter of solution; the basic unit of length adopted under the systeme international d'unites (approximately 1.094 yards)
  • ma -  informal terms for a mother; a master's degree in arts and sciences; a state in new england; one of the original 13 colonies; one thousandth of an ampere
  • macadamia -  any tree of the genus macadamia
  • macaroni -  pasta in the form of slender tubes; a british dandy in the 18th century who affected continental mannerisms
  • macaroon -  chewy cookie usually containing almond paste
  • macedonia -  landlocked republic on the balkan peninsula; achieved independence from yugoslavia in 1991; the ancient kingdom of philip ii and alexander the great in the southeastern balkans that is now divided among modern macedonia and greece and bulgaria
  • mackerel -  any of various fishes of the family scombridae; flesh of very important usually small (to 18 in) fatty atlantic fish
  • macrobiotic diet -  a diet consisting chiefly of beans and whole grains
  • macrotyloma uniflorum -  twining herb of old world tropics cultivated in india for food and fodder; sometimes placed in genus dolichos
  • madeira cake -  a rich sponge cake with close texture; intended to be eaten with a glass of madeira wine
  • magazine -  a storehouse (as a compartment on a warship) where weapons and ammunition are stored; product consisting of a paperback periodic publication as a physical object; a light-tight supply chamber holding the film and supplying it for exposure as required; a periodic publication containing pictures and stories and articles of interest to those who purchase it or subscribe to it; a business firm that publishes magazines; a metal frame or container holding cartridges; can be inserted into an automatic gun
  • magic bullet -  a remedy (drug or therapy or preventive) that cures or prevents a disease
  • magnesium -  a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
  • mahonia aquifolium -  ornamental evergreen shrub of pacific coast of north america having dark green pinnate leaves and racemes of yellow flowers followed by blue-black berries
  • mahonia -  evergreen shrubs and small trees of north and central america and asia
  • main course -  a square mainsail; the principal dish of a meal
  • maja squinado -  a large spider crab of europe
  • malaga -  a port city and resort in andalusia in southern spain on the mediterranean
  • malt liquor -  a lager of high alcohol content; by law it is considered too alcoholic to be sold as lager or beer
  • malt -  a cereal grain that is kiln-dried after having been germinated by soaking in water; used especially in brewing and distilling; a lager of high alcohol content; by law it is considered too alcoholic to be sold as lager or beer; a milkshake made with malt powder; verb convert into malt; convert grain into malt; turn into malt, become malt; treat with malt or malt extract
  • malta -  a strategically located island south of sicily in the mediterranean sea; a republic on the island of malta in the mediterranean; achieved independence from the united kingdom in 1964
  • malted milk -  powder made of dried milk and malted cereals; a milkshake made with malt powder
  • maltose -  a white crystalline sugar formed during the digestion of starches
  • malus sylvestris -  wild crab apple native to europe; a chief ancestor of cultivated apples
  • malva -  herbs and subshrubs: mallows
  • mammea americana -  tropical american tree having edible fruit with a leathery rind
  • mandarin orange -  a somewhat flat reddish-orange loose skinned citrus of china; shrub or small tree having flattened globose fruit with very sweet aromatic pulp and thin yellow-orange to flame-orange rind that is loose and easily removed; native to southeastern asia
  • mandelbrot -  french mathematician (born in poland) noted for inventing fractals (born in 1924)
  • mango -  large oval tropical fruit having smooth skin, juicy aromatic pulp, and a large hairy seed; large evergreen tropical tree cultivated for its large oval fruit
  • mangosteen -  two- to three-inch tropical fruit with juicy flesh suggestive of both peaches and pineapples; east indian tree with thick leathery leaves and edible fruit
  • manhattan -  a cocktail made with whiskey and sweet vermouth with a dash of bitters; one of the five boroughs of new york city
  • manilkara zapota -  large tropical american evergreen yielding chicle gum and edible fruit; sometimes placed in genus achras
  • manna -  hardened sugary exudation of various trees; (old testament) food that god gave the israelites during the exodus
  • manner -  a way of acting or behaving; how something is done or how it happens; a kind
  • mannitol -  a diuretic (trade name osmitrol) used to promote the excretion of urine
  • mantis shrimp -  tropical marine burrowing crustaceans with large grasping appendages
  • maple sugar -  sugar made from the sap of the sugar maple tree
  • maple syrup -  made by concentrating sap from sugar maples
  • marasca cherry -  dalmatian bitter wild cherry tree bearing fruit whose juice is made into maraschino liqueur
  • maraschino cherry -  cherry preserved in true or imitation maraschino liqueur; dalmatian bitter wild cherry tree bearing fruit whose juice is made into maraschino liqueur
  • marathon -  any long and arduous undertaking; a battle in 490 bc in which the athenians and their allies defeated the persians; a footrace of 26 miles 385 yards
  • margarine -  a spread made chiefly from vegetable oils and used as a substitute for butter
  • margarita -  a cocktail made of tequila and triple sec with lime and lemon juice
  • marjoram -  pungent leaves used as seasoning with meats and fowl and in stews and soups and omelets; aromatic eurasian perennial
  • market garden -  a garden where fruit and vegetables are grown for marketing
  • market price -  the price at which buyers and sellers trade the item in an open marketplace
  • marmalade -  a preserve made of the pulp and rind of citrus fruits
  • marmite -  a large pot especially one with legs used e.G. For cooking soup; soup cooked in a large pot
  • marrubium vulgare -  european aromatic herb with hairy leaves and numerous white flowers in axillary cymes; leaves yield a bitter extract use medicinally and as flavoring
  • mars -  a small reddish planet that is the 4th from the sun and is periodically visible to the naked eye; minerals rich in iron cover its surface and are responsible for its characteristic color; (roman mythology) roman god of war and agriculture; father of romulus and remus; counterpart of greek ares
  • marshmallow -  spongy confection made of gelatin and sugar and corn syrup and dusted with powdered sugar
  • martini -  a cocktail made of gin (or vodka) with dry vermouth
  • marzipan -  almond paste and egg whites
  • masa -  an independent group of closely related chadic languages spoken in the area between the biu-mandara and east chadic languages
  • mascarpone -  soft mild italian cream cheese
  • mashed potato -  potato that has been peeled and boiled and then mashed
  • masquerade ball -  a ball at which guests wear costumes and masks
  • massasoit -  wampanoag leader who aided the pilgrims (1580-1661)
  • mast -  a vertical spar for supporting sails; any sturdy upright pole; nuts of forest trees used as feed for swine; nuts of forest trees (as beechnuts and acorns) accumulated on the ground; used especially as food for swine
  • mat -  not reflecting light; not glossy;  a thick flat pad used as a floor covering; sports equipment consisting of a piece of thick padding on the floor for gymnastic sports; a small pad of material that is used to protect surface from an object placed on it; mounting consisting of a border or background for a picture; a mass that is densely tangled or interwoven; the property of having little or no contrast; lacking highlights or gloss; a master's degree in teaching; verb change texture so as to become matted and felt-like; twist together or entwine into a confusing mass
  • matchbox -  a box for holding matches
  • matricaria chamomilla -  annual eurasian herb similar in fragrance and medicinal uses to chamomile though taste is more bitter and effect is considered inferior
  • matzah ball -  a jewish dumpling made of matzo meal; usually served in soup
  • matzo -  brittle flat bread eaten at passover
  • maverick -  independent in behavior or thought;  an unbranded range animal (especially a stray calf); belongs to the first person who puts a brand on it; someone who exhibits great independence in thought and action
  • max -  street names for gamma hydroxybutyrate
  • maxi -  used of women's clothing having a hemline at the ankle;  a long skirt ending below the calf
  • may wine -  a punch made of moselle and sugar and sparkling water or champagne flavored with sweet woodruff
  • mayhaw -  hawthorn of southern united states bearing juicy acid scarlet fruit often used in jellies or preserves
  • mayonnaise -  egg yolks and oil and vinegar
  • mccormick -  united states operatic tenor (born in ireland) (1884-1945); united states inventor and manufacturer of a mechanical harvester (1809-1884)
  • mcintosh -  early-ripening apple popular in the northeastern united states; primarily eaten raw but suitable for applesauce
  • me -  a state in new england
  • mead -  made of fermented honey and water; united states philosopher of pragmatism (1863-1931); united states anthropologist noted for her claims about adolescence and sexual behavior in polynesian cultures (1901-1978)
  • meal -  coarsely ground foodstuff; especially seeds of various cereal grasses or pulse; the food served and eaten at one time; any of the occasions for eating food that occur by custom or habit at more or less fixed times
  • mealworm -  the larva of beetles of the family tenebrionidae
  • measuring cup -  graduated cup used for measuring ingredients
  • meat grinder -  any action resulting in injury or destruction; a mill for grinding meat
  • meat thermometer -  a thermometer that is inserted into the center of a roast (with the top away from the heat source); used to measure how well done the meat is
  • meat -  the flesh of animals (including fishes and birds and snails) used as food; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; the inner and usually edible part of a seed or grain or nut or fruit stone
  • meatball -  ground meat formed into a ball and fried or simmered in broth
  • meatloaf -  a baked loaf of ground meat
  • melba toast -  very thin crisp brown toast
  • melon -  any of numerous fruits of the gourd family having a hard rind and sweet juicy flesh; any of various fruit of cucurbitaceous vines including: muskmelons; watermelons; cantaloupes; cucumbers
  • mentha suaveolens -  mint with apple-scented stems of southern and western europe; naturalized in united states
  • mentha -  mint plants
  • menthol -  a lotion containing menthol which gives it the smell of mint; a crystalline compound that has the cool and minty taste and odor that occurs naturally in peppermint oil; used as a flavoring and in medicine to relieve itching, pain, and nasal congestion
  • meringue -  sweet topping especially for pies made of beaten egg whites and sugar
  • merlot -  dry red wine made from a grape grown widely in bordeaux and california; black wine grape originally from the region of bordeaux
  • mespilus germanica -  small deciduous eurasian tree cultivated for its fruit that resemble crab apples
  • mespilus -  medlars
  • mesquite -  any of several small spiny trees or shrubs of the genus prosopis having small flowers in axillary cylindrical spikes followed by large pods rich in sugar
  • mess -  a (large) military dining room where service personnel eat or relax; a meal eaten in a mess hall by service personnel; soft semiliquid food; a state of confusion and disorderliness; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent; informal terms for a difficult situation; verb make a mess of or create disorder in; eat in a mess hall
  • methyl salicylate -  a liquid ester with a strong odor of wintergreen; applied externally for minor muscle and joint pain
  • mezcal -  a small spineless globe-shaped cactus; source of mescal buttons
  • michael jackson -  united states singer who began singing with his four brothers and later became a highly successful star during the 1980s (born in 1958)
  • microbiology -  the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans
  • micronutrient -  a substance needed only in small amounts for normal body function (e.G., vitamins or minerals)
  • microwave oven -  kitchen appliance that cooks food by passing an electromagnetic wave through it; heat results from the absorption of energy by the water molecules in the food
  • milano -  the capital of lombardy in northern italy; has been an international center of trade and industry since the middle ages
  • milk bar -  snack bar that sells milk drinks and light refreshments (such as ice cream)
  • milk chocolate -  chocolate made from chocolate liquor with sugar and cocoa butter and powdered milk solids and vanilla and (usually) lecithin; the most common form of chocolate for eating; used in chocolate candy and baking and coatings
  • milk float -  a van (typically powered by electricity) with an open side that is used to deliver milk to houses
  • milk -  produced by mammary glands of female mammals for feeding their young; a white nutritious liquid secreted by mammals and used as food by human beings; any of several nutritive milklike liquids; a river that rises in the rockies in northwestern montana and flows eastward to become a tributary of the missouri river; verb take milk from female mammals; add milk to; exploit as much as possible
  • milkshake -  frothy drink of milk and flavoring and sometimes fruit or ice cream
  • milky way -  the galaxy containing the solar system; consists of millions of stars that can be seen as a diffuse band of light stretching across the night sky
  • mill -  machinery that processes materials by grinding or crushing; english philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873); scottish philosopher who expounded bentham's utilitarianism; father of john stuart mill (1773-1836); the act of grinding to a powder or dust; a plant consisting of one or more buildings with facilities for manufacturing; verb grind with a mill; roll out (metal) with a rolling machine; produce a ridge around the edge of; move about in a confused manner
  • miller -  machine tool in which metal that is secured to a carriage is fed against rotating cutters that shape it; someone who works in a mill (especially a grain mill); united states playwright (born 1915); united states novelist whose novels were originally banned as pornographic (1891-1980); united states bandleader of a popular big band (1909-1944); any of various moths that have powdery wings
  • millet -  small seed of any of various annual cereal grasses especially setaria italica; french painter of rural scenes (1814-1875); any of various small-grained annual cereal and forage grasses of the genera panicum, echinochloa, setaria, sorghum, and eleusine
  • mills -  united states architect who was the presidentially appointed architect of washington d.C. (1781-1855)
  • milo -  small drought-resistant sorghums having large yellow or whitish grains
  • milt -  seminal fluid produced by male fish; fish sperm or sperm-filled reproductive gland; having a creamy texture
  • mimosa -  a mixed drink containing champagne and orange juice; any of various tropical shrubs or trees of the genus mimosa having usually yellow flowers and compound leaves; evergreen australasian tree having white or silvery bark and young leaves and yellow flowers
  • mince pie -  pie containing mincemeat
  • mincemeat -  spiced mixture of chopped raisins and apples and other ingredients with or without meat
  • mineral water -  water naturally or artificially impregnated with mineral salts or gasses; often effervescent; often used therapeutically
  • mineral -  of or containing or derived from minerals; composed of matter other than plant or animal; relating to minerals;  solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
  • minestrone -  soup made with a variety of vegetables
  • minibar -  sideboard with compartments for holding bottles
  • mint julep -  bourbon and sugar and mint over crushed ice
  • mint -  as if new;  a plant where money is coined by authority of the government; a candy that is flavored with a mint oil; the leaves of a mint plant used fresh or candied; any north temperate plant of the genus mentha with aromatic leaves and small mauve flowers; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent; verb form by stamping, punching, or printing
  • mirabilis jalapa -  common garden plant of north america having fragrant red or purple or yellow or white flowers that open in late afternoon
  • mission -  the organized work of a religious missionary; a special assignment that is given to a person or group; an operation that is assigned by a higher headquarters; an organization of missionaries in a foreign land sent to carry on religious work; a group of representatives or delegates
  • mix -  the act of mixing together; an event that combines things in a mixture; a commercially prepared mixture of dry ingredients; verb add as an additional element or part; combine (electronic signals); to bring or combine together or with something else; mix together different elements; mix so as to make a random order or arrangement; open (a place) to members of all races and ethnic groups
  • mixed drink -  made of two or more ingredients
  • mocha -  superior dark coffee made from beans from arabia; flavoring made from mixed coffee and chocolate; soft suede glove leather from goatskin
  • mock turtle soup -  soup made from a calf's head or other meat in imitation of green turtle soup
  • mojo -  a magic power or magic spell
  • molasses -  thick dark syrup produced by boiling down juice from sugar cane; especially during sugar refining
  • momordica charantia -  tropical old world vine with yellow-orange fruit
  • monarda citriodora -  an annual horsemint of central and western united states and northern mexico
  • monkey -  any of various long-tailed primates (excluding the prosimians); one who is playfully mischievous; verb do random, unplanned work or activities or spend time idly; play around with or alter or falsify, usually secretively or dishonestly
  • monkfish -  flesh of a large-headed anglerfish of the atlantic waters of north america; sharks with broad flat bodies and winglike pectoral fins but that swim the way sharks do; fishes having large mouths with a wormlike filament attached for luring prey
  • monoculture -  the cultivation of a single crop (on a farm or area or country)
  • monosodium glutamate -  white crystalline compound used as a food additive to enhance flavor; often used in chinese cooking
  • monstera deliciosa -  tropical american vine having roots that hang like cords and cylindrical fruit with a pineapple and banana flavor
  • montrachet -  a white burgundy wine
  • moo goo gai pan -  a cantonese dish of chicken and sauted vegetables
  • moonshine -  whiskey illegally distilled from a corn mash; the light of the moon; verb distill (alcohol) illegally; produce moonshine
  • morchella -  genus of edible fungi: morel
  • moro -  a member of the predominantly muslim people in the southern philippines
  • mortar -  a muzzle-loading high-angle gun with a short barrel that fires shells at high elevations for a short range; a bowl-shaped vessel in which substances can be ground and mixed with a pestle; used as a bond in masonry or for covering a wall; verb plaster with mortar
  • morus nigra -  european mulberry having dark foliage and fruit
  • morus -  type genus of the moraceae: mulberries
  • mother -  a condition that is the inspiration for an activity or situation; a woman who has given birth to a child (also used as a term of address to your mother); a term of address for a mother superior; a term of address for an elderly woman; a stringy slimy substance consisting of yeast cells and bacteria; forms during fermentation and is added to cider or wine to produce vinegar; verb care for like a mother; make children
  • moussaka -  casserole of eggplant and ground lamb with onion and tomatoes bound with white sauce and beaten eggs
  • mousse -  toiletry consisting of an aerosol foam used in hair styling; a light creamy dish made from fish or meat and set with gelatin; a rich, frothy, creamy dessert made with whipped egg whites and heavy cream; verb apply a styling gel to
  • moxie -  fortitude and determination
  • mozzarella -  mild white italian cheese
  • muesli -  mixture of untoasted dry cereals and fruits
  • muffin -  a sweet quick bread baked in a cup-shaped pan
  • mug -  with handle and usually cylindrical; the quantity that can be held in a mug; the human face (`kisser' and `smiler' and `mug' are informal terms for `face' and `phiz' is british); a person who is gullible and easy to take advantage of; verb rob at gunpoint or with the threat of violence
  • mugwort -  any of several weedy composite plants of the genus artemisia
  • mulled wine -  wine heated with sugar and spices and often citrus fruit
  • mulligatawny -  a soup of eastern india that is flavored with curry; prepared with a meat or chicken base
  • mung bean -  erect bushy annual widely cultivated in warm regions of india and indonesia and united states for forage and especially its edible seeds; chief source of bean sprouts used in chinese cookery; sometimes placed in genus phaseolus
  • mus -  type genus of the muridae: common house mice; the tips of the upper incisors have a square notch
  • musa -  type genus of the musaceae: bananas
  • muscat -  sweet aromatic grape used for raisins and wine; wine from muscat grapes; a port on the gulf of oman and capital of the sultanate of oman; any of several cultivated grapevines that produce sweet white grapes
  • museum -  a depository for collecting and displaying objects having scientific or historical or artistic value
  • mushroom -  fleshy body of any of numerous edible fungi; a large cloud of rubble and dust shaped like a mushroom and rising into the sky after an explosion (especially of a nuclear bomb); any of various fleshy fungi of the subdivision basidiomycota consisting of a cap at the end of a stem arising from an underground mycelium; common name for an edible agaric (contrasting with the inedible toadstool); verb grow and spread fast; pick or gather mushrooms
  • mushy peas -  marrowfat peas that have been soaked overnight and then boiled; served with fish and chips
  • muskmelon -  the fruit of a muskmelon vine; any of several sweet melons related to cucumbers; any of several varieties of vine whose fruit has a netted rind and edible flesh and a musky smell
  • mussel -  marine or freshwater bivalve mollusk that lives attached to rocks etc.; black marine bivalves usually steamed in wine
  • must -  highly recommended;  grape juice before or during fermentation; a necessary or essential thing; the quality of smelling or tasting old or stale or mouldy
  • mustard oil -  oil obtained from mustard seeds and used in making soap
  • mustard seed -  black or white seeds ground to make mustard pastes or powders
  • mustard -  leaves eaten as cooked greens; pungent powder or paste prepared from ground mustard seeds; any of several cruciferous plants of the genus brassica
  • myrrh -  aromatic resin that is burned as incense and used in perfume
  • mythology -  the study of myths; myths collectively; the body of stories associated with a culture or institution or person
  • n -  the 14th letter of the roman alphabet; (of a solution) concentration expressed in gram equivalents of solute per liter; a unit of force equal to the force that imparts an acceleration of 1 m/sec/sec to a mass of 1 kilogram; equal to 100,000 dynes; the cardinal compass point that is at 0 or 360 degrees; a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
  • napkin -  a small piece of table linen that is used to wipe the mouth and to cover the lap in order to protect clothing; garment consisting of a folded cloth drawn up between the legs and fastened at the waist; worn by infants to catch excrement
  • ne -  a midwestern state on the great plains; the compass point midway between north and east; at 45 degrees; a colorless odorless gaseous element that give a red glow in a vacuum tube; one of the six inert gasses; occurs in the air in small amounts
  • neapolitan ice cream -  a block of ice cream with 3 or 4 layers of different colors and flavors
  • nectar -  fruit juice especially when undiluted; a sweet liquid secretion that is attractive to pollinators; (classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods; mortals who ate it became immortal
  • nelumbo nucifera -  native to eastern asia; widely cultivated for its large pink or white flowers
  • nephrops norvegicus -  edible european lobster resembling the american lobster but slenderer
  • nero -  roman emperor notorious for his monstrous vice and fantastic luxury (was said to have started a fire that destroyed much of rome in 64) but the empire remained prosperous during his rule (37-68)
  • netherlands -  a constitutional monarchy in western europe on the north sea; half the country lies below sea level
  • nettle -  any of numerous plants having stinging hairs that cause skin irritation on contact (especially of the genus urtica or family urticaceae); verb sting with or as with nettles and cause a stinging pain or sensation; cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations
  • newfoundland -  a breed of very large heavy dogs with a thick coarse usually black coat; highly intelligent and vigorous swimmers; developed in newfoundland; an island in the north atlantic
  • niagara -  a river flowing from lake erie into lake ontario; forms boundary between ontario and new york; waterfall in canada is the horseshoe falls; in the united states it is the american falls
  • nigella sativa -  herb of the mediterranean region having pungent seeds used like those of caraway
  • nightclub -  a spot that is open late at night and that provides entertainment (as singers or dancers) as well as dancing and food and drink
  • nitrite -  the radical -no2 or any compound containing it (such as a salt or ester of nitrous acid)
  • nixon -  vice president under eisenhower and 37th president of the united states; resigned after the watergate scandal in 1974 (1913-1994)
  • no-frills -  characterized by the absence of inessential features
  • noodle -  a ribbonlike strip of pasta; informal terms for a human head
  • nopal -  any of several cacti of the genus nopalea resembling prickly pears; cactus having yellow flowers and purple fruits
  • northern ireland -  a division of the united kingdom located on the northern part of the island of ireland
  • northern pike -  voracious piscivorous pike of waters of northern hemisphere
  • northern snakehead -  a voracious freshwater fish that is native to northeastern china; can use fin to walk and can survive out of water for three days; a threat to american populations of fish
  • northern spy -  large late-ripening apple with skin striped with yellow and red
  • nougat -  nuts or fruit pieces in a sugar paste
  • nouvelle cuisine -  a school of french cooking that uses light sauces and tries to bring out the natural flavors of foods instead of making heavy use of butter and cream
  • novel -  pleasantly new or different; original and of a kind not seen before;  a printed and bound book that is an extended work of fiction; a extended fictional work in prose; usually in the form of a story
  • nut -  a small (usually square or hexagonal) metal block with internal screw thread to be fitted onto a bolt; egyptian goddess of the sky; usually large hard-shelled seed; one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens; someone who is so ardently devoted to something that it resembles an addiction; a whimsically eccentric person; half the width of an em; verb gather nuts
  • nutmeg -  hard aromatic seed of the nutmeg tree used as spice when grated or ground; east indian tree widely cultivated in the tropics for its aromatic seed; source of two spices: nutmeg and mace
  • nutrient -  of or providing nourishment;  any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
  • nutrition -  the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans); (physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance; a source of materials to nourish the body
  • nutritionist -  a specialist in the study of nutrition
  • o -  the blood group whose red cells carry neither the a nor b antigens; the 15th letter of the roman alphabet; a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
  • oak -  a deciduous tree of the genus quercus; has acorns and lobed leaves; the hard durable wood of any oak; used especially for furniture and flooring
  • oat -  seed of the annual grass avena sativa (spoken of primarily in the plural as `oats'); annual grass of europe and north africa; grains used as food and fodder (referred to primarily in the plural: `oats')
  • oatmeal -  meal made from rolled or ground oats; porridge made of rolled oats
  • oenology -  the art of wine making
  • oenomel -  wine mixed with honey
  • offal -  viscera and trimmings of a butchered animal often considered inedible by humans
  • okra -  tall coarse annual of old world tropics widely cultivated in southern united states and west indies for its long mucilaginous green pods used as basis for soups and stews; sometimes placed in genus hibiscus; long green edible beaked pods of the okra plant; long mucilaginous green pods; may be simmered or sauteed but used especially in soups and stews
  • oktoberfest -  an autumn festival that involves merrymaking and drinking beer; a strong lager made originally in germany for the oktoberfest celebration; sweet and copper-colored
  • old south -  the south of the united states before the american civil war
  • old-fashioned -  out of fashion
  • oligosaccharide -  any of the carbohydrates that yield only a few monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
  • olive -  of a yellow-green color similar to that of an unripe olive;  a yellow-green color of low brightness and saturation; one-seeded fruit of the european olive tree usually pickled and used as a relish; hard yellow often variegated wood of an olive tree; used in cabinetwork; evergreen tree cultivated in the mediterranean region since antiquity and now elsewhere; has edible shiny black fruits; small ovoid fruit of the european olive tree; important food and source of oil
  • olla podrida -  spanish version of burgoo
  • omelette -  beaten eggs or an egg mixture cooked until just set; may be folded around e.G. Ham or cheese or jelly
  • on the fly -  on the run or in a hurry
  • one -  indefinite in time or position; being a single entity made by combining separate components; used informally as an intensifier; of the same kind or quality; used of a single unit or thing; not two or more; having the indivisible character of a unit; eminent beyond or above comparison;  a single person or thing; the smallest whole number or a numeral representing this number
  • onion -  an aromatic flavorful bulb; bulbous plant having hollow leaves cultivated worldwide for its rounded edible bulb; edible bulb of an onion plant
  • oolong -  chinese tea leaves that have been partially fermented before being dried
  • open sandwich -  sandwich without a covering slice of bread
  • oporto -  port city in northwest portugal; noted for port wine
  • opuntia -  large genus of cactuses native to america: prickly pears
  • orange juice -  bottled or freshly squeezed juice of oranges
  • orbit -  the (usually elliptical) path described by one celestial body in its revolution about another; the path of an electron around the nucleus of an atom; an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control: "The range of a supersonic jet"; the bony cavity in the skull containing the eyeball; a particular environment or walk of life; verb move in an orbit
  • orchard -  garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth
  • orchidaceae -  enormous cosmopolitan family of perennial terrestrial or epiphytic plants with fleshy tubers or rootstocks and unusual flowers
  • oregano -  aromatic eurasian perennial; pungent leaves used as seasoning with meats and fowl and in stews and soups and omelets
  • oreo -  chocolate cookie with white cream filling
  • organisation -  the act of forming something; the activity or result of distributing or disposing persons or things properly or methodically; the act of organizing a business or an activity related to a business; an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized; an organized structure for arranging or classifying; a group of people who work together; the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
  • ornithogalum pyrenaicum -  old world star of bethlehem having edible young shoots
  • orzo -  pasta shaped like pearls of barley; frequently prepared with lamb in greek cuisine
  • ostryopsis -  deciduous monoecious shrubs of china and mongolia resembling trees of the genus ostrya; sometimes placed in subfamily or family carpinaceae
  • ouzo -  a greek liquor flavored with anise
  • oven -  kitchen appliance used for baking or roasting
  • oxalis tuberosa -  south american wood sorrel cultivated for its edible tubers
  • oxalis violacea -  perennial herb of eastern north america with palmately compound leaves and usually rose-purple flowers
  • oxtail -  the skinned tail of cattle; used especially for soups
  • oyster cracker -  a small dry usually round cracker
  • oyster -  marine mollusks having a rough irregular shell; found on the sea bed mostly in coastal waters; a small muscle on each side of the back of a fowl; edible body of any of numerous oysters; verb gather oysters, dig oysters
  • oysters rockefeller -  oysters spread with butter and spinach and seasonings and baked on the half shell
  • p -  the 16th letter of the roman alphabet; a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells; is highly reactive and occurs in several allotropic forms
  • pablum -  a soft form of cereal for infants; worthless or oversimplified ideas
  • pac -  committee formed by a special-interest group to raise money for their favorite political candidates
  • pachyrhizus erosus -  central american twining plant with edible roots and pods; large tubers are eaten raw or cooked especially when young and young pods must be thoroughly cooked; pods and seeds also yield rotenone and oils
  • pachyrhizus -  small genus of tropical vines having tuberous roots
  • pacific cod -  closely related to atlantic cod
  • pacific herring -  important food fish of the northern pacific
  • paddy field -  an irrigated or flooded field where rice is grown
  • paella -  saffron-flavored dish made of rice with shellfish and chicken
  • pale ale -  an amber colored ale brewed with pale malts; similar to bitter but drier and lighter
  • palm oil -  oil from nuts of oil palms especially the african oil palm
  • palm -  the inner surface of the hand from the wrist to the base of the fingers; any plant of the family palmae having an unbranched trunk crowned by large pinnate or palmate leaves; a linear unit based on the length or width of the human hand; an award for winning a championship or commemorating some other event; verb touch, lift, or hold with the hands
  • panama -  a republic on the isthmus of panama; achieved independence from colombia in 1903; a stiff hat made of straw with a flat crown
  • pancake -  a flat cake of thin batter fried on both sides on a griddle
  • pandanus -  any of various old world tropical palmlike trees having huge prop roots and edible conelike fruits and leaves like pineapple leaves; fiber from leaves of the pandanus tree; used for woven articles (such as mats)
  • panfish -  any of numerous small food fishes; especially those caught with hook and line and not available on the market
  • panicum -  panic grass
  • panini -  indian grammarian whose grammatical rules for sanskrit are the first known example of descriptive linguistics (circa 400 bc)
  • pantry -  a small storeroom for storing foods or wines
  • papaver somniferum -  southwestern asian herb with greyish leaves and white or reddish flowers; source of opium
  • papaya -  large oval melon-like tropical fruit with yellowish flesh; tropical american shrub or small tree having huge deeply palmately cleft leaves and large oblong yellow fruit
  • paper cup -  a disposable cup made of paper; for holding drinks
  • paprika -  a mild powdered seasoning made from dried pimientos; plant bearing large mild thick-walled usually bell-shaped fruits; the principal salad peppers
  • paraffin wax -  from crude petroleum; used for candles and for preservative or waterproof coatings
  • parfait -  layers of ice cream and syrup and whipped cream
  • parsley -  aromatic herb with flat or crinkly leaves that are cut finely and used to garnish food; annual or perennial herb with aromatic leaves
  • parsnip -  whitish edible root; eaten cooked; a strong-scented plant cultivated for its edible root; the whitish root of cultivated parsnip
  • party -  an occasion on which people can assemble for social interaction and entertainment; a group of people gathered together for pleasure; an organization to gain political power; a band of people associated temporarily in some activity; a person involved in legal proceedings; verb have or participate in a party
  • passiflora edulis -  brazilian passionflower cultivated for its deep purple fruit
  • passiflora ligularis -  considered best for fruit
  • passiflora quadrangularis -  tropical american passionflower yielding the large granadilla fruit
  • pasta salad -  a salad having any of various pastas as the base
  • pasta -  shaped and dried dough made from flour and water and sometimes egg; a dish that contains pasta as its main ingredient
  • pasteurization -  partial sterilization of foods at a temperature that destroys harmful microorganisms without major changes in the chemistry of the food
  • pastis -  similar to absinthe but containing no wormwood
  • pastrami -  highly seasoned cut of smoked beef
  • pastry -  any of various baked foods made of dough or batter; a dough of flour and water and shortening
  • pasty -  resembling paste in color; pallid; having the sticky properties of an adhesive;  (usually used in the plural) one of a pair of adhesive patches worn to cover the nipples of exotic dancers and striptease performers; small meat pie or turnover
  • patty -  round flat candy; small pie or pasty; small flat mass of chopped food
  • pattypan squash -  round greenish-white squash having one face flattened with a scalloped edge; squash plant having flattened round fruit with a scalloped edge; usually greenish white
  • paul -  (new testament) a christian missionary to the gentiles; author of several epistles in the new testament; even though paul was not present at the last supper he is considered an apostle; united states feminist (1885-1977)
  • pavlova -  russian ballerina (1882-1931)
  • payday -  the day on which you receive pay for your work
  • pe -  the 17th letter of the hebrew alphabet
  • pea soup -  a thick soup made of dried peas (usually made into a puree); a heavy thick yellow fog
  • pea -  seed of a pea plant used for food; a leguminous plant of the genus pisum with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds; the fruit or seed of a pea plant
  • peach melba -  ice cream and peaches with a liqueur
  • peach -  downy juicy fruit with sweet yellowish or whitish flesh; cultivated in temperate regions; a shade of pink tinged with yellow; a very attractive or seductive looking woman; verb divulge confidential information or secrets; "Be careful--his secretary talks"
  • peanut butter -  a spread made from ground peanuts
  • peanut oil -  a oil from peanuts; used in cooking and making soap
  • peanut -  of little importance or influence or power; of minor status;  pod of the peanut vine containing usually 2 nuts or seeds; `groundnut' and `monkey nut' are british terms; a young child who is small for his age; widely cultivated american plant cultivated in tropical and warm regions; showy yellow flowers on stalks that bend over to the soil so that seed pods ripen underground; underground pod of the peanut vine
  • pear -  sweet juicy gritty-textured fruit available in many varieties; old world tree having sweet gritty-textured juicy fruit; widely cultivated in many varieties
  • pearl millet -  tall grass having cattail like spikes; grown in africa and asia for its grain and in the united states chiefly for forage; sometimes used in making beer
  • pearl sago -  sago ground into small round grains
  • pearmain -  any of several varieties of apples with red skins
  • pease pudding -  a pudding made with strained split peas mixed with egg
  • pecan pie -  pie made of pecans and sugar and corn syrup and butter and eggs
  • pecan -  smooth brown oval nut of south central united states; tree of southern united states and mexico cultivated for its nuts; wood of a pecan tree
  • pectin -  any of various water-soluble colloidal carbohydrates that occur in ripe fruit and vegetables; used in making fruit jellies and jams
  • peel -  the rind of a fruit or vegetable; british politician (1788-1850); the tissue forming the hard outer layer (of e.G. A fruit); verb get undressed; come off in flakes or thin small pieces; strip the skin off
  • peeler -  a device for peeling vegetables or fruits; a worker who peels the skins from fruits and vegetables; a performer who provides erotic entertainment by undressing to music
  • pemmican -  lean dried meat pounded fine and mixed with melted fat; used especially by north american indians
  • penguin -  short-legged flightless birds of cold southern especially antarctic regions having webbed feet and wings modified as flippers
  • penne -  pasta in short tubes with diagonally cut ends
  • penuche -  fudge made with brown sugar and butter and milk and nuts
  • peppermint -  a candy flavored with peppermint oil; herb with downy leaves and small purple or white flowers that yields a pungent oil used as a flavoring; red gum tree of tasmania
  • pepperoni -  a pork and beef sausage (or a thin slice of this sausage)
  • pepsi -  pepsi cola is a trademarked cola
  • per se -  with respect to its inherent nature
  • perch -  any of numerous spiny-finned fishes of various families of the order perciformes; spiny-finned freshwater food and game fishes; support consisting of a branch or rod that serves as a resting place (especially for a bird); any of numerous fishes of america and europe; an elevated place serving as a seat; a square rod of land; a linear measure of 16.5 feet; verb sit, as on a branch; cause to perch or sit; to come to rest, settle
  • perilla -  small genus of asiatic herbs
  • perry -  a fermented and often effervescent beverage made from juice of pears; similar in taste to hard cider; united states commodore who led the fleet that defeated the british on lake erie during the war of 1812; brother of matthew calbraith perry (1785-1819); united states admiral who led a naval expedition to japan and signed a treaty in 1854 opening up trade relations between united states and japan; brother of oliver hazard perry (1794-1858); united states philosopher (1876-1957)
  • persian melon -  the fruit of a variety of winter melon vine; a large green melon with orange flesh; any of a variety of muskmelon vines having fruit with a smooth white rind and white or greenish flesh that does not have a musky smell
  • persian -  of or relating to iran or its people or language or culture;  the language of persia (iran) in any of its ancient forms; a native or inhabitant of iran
  • persimmon -  orange fruit resembling a plum; edible when fully ripe; any of several tropical trees of the genus diospyros
  • pesto -  a sauce typically served with pasta; contains crushed basil leaves and garlic and pine nuts and parmesan cheese in olive oil
  • peter pan -  the main character in a play by j. M. Barrie; a boy who won't grow up; a boyish or immature man; after the boy in barrie's play who never grows up
  • pharmacy -  the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,; a retail shop where medicine and other articles are sold
  • phaseolus coccineus -  tropical american bean with red flowers and mottled black beans similar to phaseolus vulgaris but perennial; a preferred food bean in great britain
  • phaseolus vulgaris -  the common annual twining or bushy bean plant grown for its edible seeds or pods
  • philadelphia pepper pot -  a soup made with vegetables and tripe and seasoned with peppercorns; often contains dumplings
  • philadelphia -  the largest city in pennsylvania; located in the southeastern part of the state on the delaware river; site of independence hall where the declaration of independence and the constitution were signed; site of the university of pennsylvania
  • phosphate -  carbonated drink with fruit syrup and a little phosphoric acid; a salt of phosphoric acid
  • phosphoric acid -  an acid used in fertilizers and soaps: h3po4
  • phylloxera -  type genus of the phylloxeridae: plant lice
  • physalis peruviana -  annual of tropical south america having edible purple fruits
  • phytolacca americana -  tall coarse perennial american herb having small white flowers followed by blackish-red berries on long drooping racemes; young fleshy stems are edible; berries and root are poisonous
  • phytolacca -  type genus of phytolaccaceae: pokeweed
  • phytophthora infestans -  fungus causing late blight in solanaceous plants especially tomatoes and potatoes
  • pi -  the 16th letter of the greek alphabet; the ratio of the circumference to the diameter of a circle; approximately equal to 3.14159265358979323846...; an antiviral drug used against hiv; interrupts hiv replication by binding and blocking hiv protease; often used in combination with other drugs; the scientist in charge of an experiment or research project; someone who can be employed as a detective to collect information
  • piccalilli -  relish of chopped pickled cucumbers and green peppers and onion
  • picnic -  any informal meal eaten outside or on an excursion; any undertaking that is easy to do; a day devoted to an outdoor social gathering; verb eat alfresco, in the open air
  • pie -  dish baked in pastry-lined pan often with a pastry top; a prehistoric unrecorded language that was the ancestor of all indo-european languages
  • pierre -  capital of the state of south dakota; located in central south dakota on the missouri river
  • pigeon pea -  tropical woody herb with showy yellow flowers and flat pods; much cultivated in the tropics; small highly nutritious seed of the tropical pigeon-pea plant
  • pilaf -  rice cooked in well-seasoned broth with onions or celery and usually poultry or game or shellfish and sometimes tomatoes
  • pilsner -  a pale lager with strong flavor of hops; first brewed in the bohemian town of pilsen
  • pimiento -  fully ripened sweet red pepper; usually cooked; plant bearing large mild thick-walled usually bell-shaped fruits; the principal salad peppers
  • pine nut -  edible seed of any of several nut pines especially some pinons of southwestern north america
  • pineapple -  large sweet fleshy tropical fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves; widely cultivated; a tropical american plant bearing a large fleshy edible fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves; widely cultivated in the tropics
  • pinot noir -  dry red california table wine made from purple pinot grapes; red wine grape; grown especially in california for making wines resembling those from burgundy, france
  • pinto bean -  mottled or spotted bean of southwestern united states; usually dried
  • pinus cembra -  large five-needled european pine; yields cembra nuts and a resinous exudate
  • pinus cembroides -  a small two-needled or three-needled pinon of mexico and southern texas
  • pinus monophylla -  pinon of southwestern united states having solitary needles and often many stems; important as a nut pine
  • piperine -  derived from pepper (especially black pepper); source of the hotness of black and white pepper
  • pistachio -  nut of mediterranean trees having an edible green kernel; small tree of southern europe and asia minor bearing small hard-shelled nuts
  • pistacia lentiscus -  an evergreen shrub of the mediterranean region that is cultivated for its resin
  • pita -  usually small round bread that can open into a pocket for filling
  • plant -  a living organism lacking the power of locomotion; buildings for carrying on industrial labor; something planted secretly for discovery by another; an actor situated in the audience whose acting is rehearsed but seems spontaneous to the audience; verb put firmly in the mind; place something or someone in a certain position in order to secretly observe or deceive; put or set (seeds, seedlings, or plants) into the ground; place into a river; fix or set securely or deeply; set up or lay the groundwork for
  • plantago -  type genus of the family plantaginaceae; large cosmopolitan genus of mostly small herbs
  • planter's punch -  a cocktail made of rum and lime or lemon juice with sugar and sometimes bitters
  • plastic bag -  a bag made of thin plastic material
  • plastic wrap -  wrapping consisting of a very thin transparent sheet of plastic
  • platan -  any of several trees of the genus platanus having thin pale bark that scales off in small plates and lobed leaves and ball-shaped heads of fruits
  • plectranthus -  any of various ornamental plants of the genus plectranthus
  • plenty -  as much as necessary;  a full supply; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent
  • pleurotus ostreatus -  edible agaric with a soft greyish cap growing in shelving masses on dead wood
  • ploughman's lunch -  a meal consisting of a sandwich of bread and cheese and a salad
  • plum sauce -  for chinese dishes: plum preserves and chutney
  • plum tomato -  oblong cherry tomato; a kind of cherry tomato that has an oblong shape
  • plum -  completely; used as intensifiers; exactly;  a highly desirable position or assignment; any of numerous varieties of small to medium-sized round or oval fruit having a smooth skin and a single pit; any of several trees producing edible oval fruit having a smooth skin and a single hard stone
  • plumcot -  hybrid between plum and apricot; hybrid produced by crossing prunus domestica and prunus armeniaca
  • pluteus cervinus -  a small edible agaric with a slender stalk; usually found on rotting hardwoods
  • poached egg -  egg cooked in gently boiling water
  • poi -  hawaiian dish of taro root pounded to a paste and often allowed to ferment
  • poke -  tall coarse perennial american herb having small white flowers followed by blackish-red berries on long drooping racemes; young fleshy stems are edible; berries and root are poisonous; (boxing) a blow with the fist; a sharp hand gesture (resembling a blow); a bag made of paper or plastic for holding customer's purchases; someone who takes more time than necessary; someone who lags behind; verb make a hole by poking; stir by poking; poke or thrust abruptly; hit hard with the hand, fist, or some heavy instrument; search or inquire in a meddlesome way
  • polenta -  a thick mush made of cornmeal boiled in stock or water
  • politician -  a person active in party politics; a leader engaged in civil administration; a schemer who tries to gain advantage in an organization in sly or underhanded ways
  • pollock -  united states artist famous for painting with a drip technique; a leader of abstract expressionism in america (1912-1956); important food and game fish of northern seas (especially the northern atlantic); related to cod; lean white flesh of north atlantic fish; similar to codfish
  • polo -  a game similar to field hockey but played on horseback using long-handled mallets and a wooden ball; venetian traveler who explored asia in the 13th century and served kublai khan (1254-1324)
  • pome -  a fleshy fruit (apple or pear or related fruits) having seed chambers and an outer fleshy part
  • pomelo -  large pear-shaped fruit similar to grapefruit but with coarse dry pulp; southeastern asian tree producing large fruits resembling grapefruits
  • pomology -  the branch of botany that studies and cultivates fruits
  • pond apple -  ovoid yellow fruit with very fragrant peach-colored flesh; related to custard apples; small evergreen tree of tropical america with edible fruit; used chiefly as grafting stock
  • popcorn -  small kernels of corn exploded by heat; corn having small ears and kernels that burst when exposed to dry heat
  • popover -  light hollow muffin made of a puff batter (individual yorkshire pudding) baked in a deep muffin cup
  • popsicle -  ice cream or water ice on a small wooden stick
  • pork and beans -  dried beans cooked with pork and tomato sauce
  • pork pie -  small pie filled with minced seasoned pork
  • pork tenderloin -  pork loin muscle
  • pork -  meat from a domestic hog or pig; a legislative appropriation designed to ingratiate legislators with their constituents
  • porphyra -  a genus of protoctist
  • porridge -  soft food made by boiling oatmeal or other meal or legumes in water or milk until thick
  • portulaca oleracea -  weedy trailing mat-forming herb with bright yellow flowers cultivated for its edible mildly acid leaves eaten raw or cooked especially in indian and greek and middle eastern cuisine; cosmopolitan
  • posset -  sweet spiced hot milk curdled with ale or beer
  • postum -  trade mark for a coffee substitute invented by c. W. Post and made with chicory and roasted grains
  • pot liquor -  the liquid in which vegetables or meat have be cooked
  • pot roast -  cut of beef suitable for simmering in liquid in a closed pot
  • pot-au-feu -  traditional french stew of vegetables and beef
  • potassium bitartrate -  a salt used especially in baking powder
  • potassium carbonate -  a white salt (k2co3) that is basic in solution; used to make glass and cleansing agents
  • potassium chloride -  salt of potassium (kcl) (trade names k-dur 20, kaochlor and k-lor and klorvess and k-lyte); taken in tablet form to treat potassium deficiency
  • potassium iodide -  a crystalline salt in organic synthesis and in making photographic emulsions and in iodized table salt
  • potassium nitrate -  (kno3) used especially as a fertilizer and explosive
  • potassium sodium tartrate -  a double salt used in seidlitz powder; acts as a cathartic
  • potato chip -  a thin crisp slice of potato fried in deep fat
  • potato pancake -  made of grated potato and egg with a little flour
  • potato salad -  any of various salads having chopped potatoes as the base
  • potluck -  whatever happens to be available especially when offered to an unexpected guest or when brought by guests and shared by all
  • poultry -  flesh of chickens or turkeys or ducks or geese raised for food; a domesticated gallinaceous bird thought to be descended from the red jungle fowl
  • pound cake -  rich loaf cake made of a pound each of butter and sugar and flour
  • powder -  any of various cosmetic or medical preparations dispensed in the form of a pulverized powder; a solid substance in the form of tiny loose particles; a solid that has been pulverized; a mixture of potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur in a 75:15:10 ratio which is used in gunnery, time fuses, and fireworks; verb apply powder to; make into a powder by breaking up or cause to become dust
  • powdered milk -  dehydrated milk
  • powdered sugar -  sugar granulated into a fine powder
  • prairie fire -  an uncontrolled fire in a grassy area
  • praline -  cookie-sized candy made of brown sugar and butter and pecans
  • prayer -  the act of communicating with a deity (especially as a petition or in adoration or contrition or thanksgiving); a fixed text used in praying; reverent petition to a deity; someone who prays to god; earnest or urgent request
  • preservative -  tending or having the power to preserve;  a chemical compound that is added to protect against decay or decomposition
  • pretzel -  glazed and salted cracker typically in the shape of a loose knot
  • prince of wales -  the male heir apparent of the british sovereign
  • processed cheese -  made by blending several lots of cheese
  • produce -  fresh fruits and vegetable grown for the market; verb create or manufacture a man-made product; bring forth or yield; cause to happen, occur or exist; bring out for display; bring onto the market or release; come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes); cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques
  • propionic acid -  a liquid fatty acid found in milk and sweat and in fuel distillates
  • propylene glycol -  a sweet colorless, viscous, hygroscopic liquid used as an antifreeze and in brake fluid and also as a humectant in cosmetics and personal care items although it can be absorbed through the skin with harmful effects
  • propylthiouracil -  a crystalline compound used as an antithyroid drug in the treatment of goiter
  • protease -  any enzyme that catalyzes the splitting of proteins into smaller peptide fractions and amino acids by a process known as proteolysis
  • proton -  a stable particle with positive charge equal to the negative charge of an electron
  • prune -  dried plum; verb weed out unwanted or unnecessary things; cultivate, tend, and cut back the growth of
  • pruno -  a liquor concocted from a mixture of ingredients (such as prunes and raisins and milk and sugar) that can be fermented to produce alcohol; made by prison inmates
  • prunus ilicifolia -  california evergreen wild plum with spiny leathery leaves and white flowers
  • prunus japonica -  woody oriental plant with smooth unfurrowed red fruit grown especially for its white or pale pink blossoms
  • prunus laurocerasus -  frequently cultivated eurasian evergreen shrub or small tree having showy clusters of white flowers and glossy foliage and yielding oil similar to bitter almond oil
  • prunus maritima -  seacoast shrub of northeastern north america having showy white blossoms and edible purple fruit
  • prunus mume -  japanese ornamental tree with fragrant white or pink blossoms and small yellow fruits
  • prunus padus -  small european cherry tree closely resembling the american chokecherry
  • prunus pensylvanica -  small shrubby north american wild cherry with small bright red acid fruit
  • prunus salicina -  small tree of china and japan bearing large yellow to red plums usually somewhat inferior to european plums in flavor
  • prunus serotina -  large north american wild cherry with round black sour edible fruit
  • prunus serrulata -  ornamental tree with inedible fruits widely cultivated in many varieties for its white blossoms
  • prunus spinosa -  a thorny eurasian bush with plumlike fruits
  • prunus subcordata -  shrub of the pacific coast of the united states bearing small red insipid fruit
  • prunus virginiana -  a common wild cherry of eastern north america having small bitter black berries favored by birds
  • prunus -  a genus of shrubs and trees of the family rosaceae that is widely distributed in temperate regions
  • psidium guajava -  small tropical american shrubby tree; widely cultivated in warm regions for its sweet globular yellow fruit
  • psoralea esculenta -  densely hairy perennial of central north america having edible tuberous roots
  • psyllium -  plantain of mediterranean regions whose seeds swell and become gelatinous when moist and are used as a mild laxative
  • pub -  tavern consisting of a building with a bar and public rooms; often provides light meals
  • pudding -  any of various soft sweet desserts thickened usually with flour and baked or boiled or steamed; (british) the dessert course of a meal (`pud' is used informally); any of various soft thick unsweetened baked dishes
  • pulque -  fermented mexican drink from juice of various agave plants especially the maguey
  • pumpernickel -  bread made of coarse rye flour
  • pumpkin seed -  the edible seed of a pumpkin
  • punch -  (boxing) a blow with the fist; a tool for making holes or indentations; an iced mixed drink usually containing alcohol and prepared for multiple servings; normally served in a punch bowl; verb deliver a quick blow to; make a hole into or between, as for ease of separation; drive forcibly as if by a punch
  • punnet -  a small light basket used as a measure for fruits
  • puppy chow -  food especially prepared for puppies
  • pyracantha -  any of various thorny shrubs of the genus pyracantha bearing small white flowers followed by hard red or orange-red berries
  • pyrus communis -  old world tree having sweet gritty-textured juicy fruit; widely cultivated in many varieties
  • pyrus -  fruit trees native to the old world: pears
  • pyruvic acid -  a colorless acid formed as an important intermediate in metabolism or fermentation
  • quandong -  red australian fruit; used for dessert or in jam; australian tree having hard white timber and glossy green leaves with white flowers followed by one-seeded glossy blue fruit; the fruit of the brisbane quandong tree; australian tree with edible flesh and edible nutlike seed
  • quark -  (physics) hypothetical truly fundamental particle in mesons and baryons; there are supposed to be six flavors of quarks (and their antiquarks), which come in pairs; each has an electric charge of +2/3 or -1/3; fresh unripened cheese of a smooth texture made from pasteurized milk, a starter, and rennet
  • quiche -  the mayan language spoken by the quiche; a tart filled with rich unsweetened custard; often contains other ingredients (as cheese or ham or seafood or vegetables); a member of the mayan people of south central guatemala
  • quince -  aromatic acid-tasting pear-shaped fruit used in preserves; small asian tree with pinkish flowers and pear-shaped fruit; widely cultivated
  • quinine -  a bitter alkaloid extracted from chinchona bark; used in malaria therapy
  • r -  the 18th letter of the roman alphabet; the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere; (physics) the universal constant in the gas equation: pressure times volume = r times temperature; equal to 8.3143 joules per kelvin per mole; a unit of radiation exposure; the dose of ionizing radiation that will produce 1 electrostatic unit of electricity in 1 cc of dry air
  • rabbit -  any of various burrowing animals of the family leporidae having long ears and short tails; some domesticated and raised for pets or food; flesh of any of various rabbits or hares (wild or domesticated) eaten as food; the fur of a rabbit; verb hunt rabbits
  • rachmaninoff -  composer and piano virtuoso born in russia (1873-1943)
  • radicchio -  prized variety of chicory having globose heads of red leaves
  • radish -  pungent fleshy edible root; eurasian plant widely cultivated for its edible pungent root usually eaten raw; pungent edible root of any of various cultivated radish plants; radish of japan with a long hard durable root eaten raw or cooked; a cruciferous plant of the genus raphanus having a pungent edible root
  • rag -  a boisterous practical joke (especially by college students); a small piece of cloth or paper; a week at british universities during which side-shows and processions of floats are organized to raise money for charities; newspaper with half-size pages; music with a syncopated melody (usually for the piano); verb break into lumps before sorting; play in ragtime; censure severely or angrily; harass with persistent criticism or carping; cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations; treat cruelly
  • ragout -  well-seasoned stew of meat and vegetables
  • rainbow trout -  found in pacific coastal waters and streams from lower california to alaska; flesh of pacific trout that migrate from salt to fresh water
  • raisin bran -  bran flakes with raisins
  • raisin -  dried grape
  • raita -  an indian side dish of yogurt and chopped cucumbers and spices
  • ram's horn -  annual of southern united states to mexico having large whitish or yellowish flowers mottled with purple and a long curving beak
  • rambutan -  pleasantly acid bright red oval malayan fruit covered with soft spines; malayan tree bearing spiny red fruit
  • ramekin -  a small fireproof dish used for baking and serving individual portions; a cheese dish made with bread and egg crumbs that is baked and served in individual fireproof dishes
  • rangpur -  hybrid between mandarin orange and lemon having very acid fruit with orange peel
  • rapeseed -  seed of rape plants; source of an edible oil
  • raspberry -  red or black edible aggregate berries usually smaller than the related blackberries; woody brambles bearing usually red but sometimes black or yellow fruits that separate from the receptacle when ripe and are rounder and smaller than blackberries; a cry or noise made to express displeasure or contempt
  • raw milk -  unpasteurized milk
  • re -  the syllable naming the second (supertonic) note of any major scale in solmization; ancient egyptian sun god with the head of a hawk; a universal creator; he merged with the god amen as amen-ra to become the king of the gods; a rare heavy polyvalent metallic element that resembles manganese chemically and is used in some alloys; is obtained as a by-product in refining molybdenum
  • ready-to-eat -  food products that are prepared in advance and can be eaten as sold
  • recipe -  directions for making something
  • red cabbage -  compact head of purplish-red leaves; cabbage plant with a compact head of reddish purple leaves
  • red delicious -  a sweet eating apple with bright red skin; most widely grown apple worldwide
  • red meat -  meat that is dark in color before cooking (as beef, venison, lamb, mutton)
  • red onion -  flat mild onion having purplish tunics; used as garnish on hamburgers and salads
  • red-eye - verb travel on an overnight flight
  • refectory -  a communal dining-hall (usually in a monastery)
  • refried beans -  dried beans cooked and mashed and then fried in lard with various seasonings
  • refrigeration -  deliberately lowering the body's temperature for therapeutic purposes; the process of cooling or freezing (e.G., food) for preservative purposes
  • refrigerator -  white goods in which food can be stored at low temperatures
  • regent -  someone who rules during the absence or incapacity or minority of the country's monarch; members of a governing board
  • relentless -  never-ceasing; not to be placated or appeased or moved by entreaty
  • relish -  the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth; spicy or savory condiment; vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment; verb derive or receive pleasure from; get enjoyment from; take pleasure in
  • reload - verb place a new load on; load anew with ammunition, "She reloaded the gun carefully"
  • rendering -  giving in acknowledgment of obligation; perspective drawing of an architect's design; a coat of stucco applied to a masonry wall; the act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic performance; an explanation of something that is not immediately obvious; a written communication in a second language having the same meaning as the written communication in a first language; a performance of a musical composition or a dramatic role etc.
  • rennet -  a substance that curdles milk in making cheese and junket
  • res -  a widely distributed system consisting of all the cells able to ingest bacteria or colloidal particles etc, except for certain white blood cells
  • resort -  a hotel located in a resort area; act of turning to for assistance; something or someone turned to for assistance or security; a frequently visited place; verb move, travel, or proceed toward some place; have recourse to
  • restaurant chain -  a chain of restaurants
  • restaurant -  a building where people go to eat
  • restaurateur -  the proprietor of a restaurant
  • retsina -  greek wine flavored with resin
  • rhubarb pie -  pie containing diced rhubarb and much sugar
  • rhubarb -  plants having long green or reddish acidic leafstalks growing in basal clumps; stems (and only the stems) are edible when cooked; leaves are poisonous; long pinkish sour leafstalks usually eaten cooked and sweetened
  • ri -  a state in new england; one of the original 13 colonies; the smallest state
  • ribes -  a flowering shrub bearing currants or gooseberries; native to northern hemisphere
  • rice paper -  a thin delicate material resembling paper; made from the rice-paper tree
  • rice -  grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished; united states playwright (1892-1967); english lyricist who frequently worked with andrew lloyd webber (born in 1944); annual or perennial rhizomatous marsh grasses; seed used for food; straw used for paper; verb sieve so that it becomes the consistency of rice
  • rickey -  a mixed drink made of sweetened lime juice and soda water usually with liquor
  • rico -  law intended to eradicate organized crime by establishing strong sanctions and forfeiture provisions
  • ricotta -  soft italian cheese like cottage cheese
  • riesling -  fragrant dry or sweet white wine from the rhine valley or a similar wine from california; white grape grown in europe and california
  • rioja -  dry red table wine from the rioja region of northern spain
  • ripening -  acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time; coming to full development; becoming mature
  • risotto -  rice cooked with broth and sprinkled with grated cheese
  • rissole -  minced cooked meat or fish coated in egg and breadcrumbs and fried in deep fat
  • roadkill -  the dead body of an animal that has been killed on a road by a vehicle
  • roasting -  cooking (meat) by dry heat in an oven (usually with fat added)
  • rob roy -  a manhattan cocktail made with scotch whiskey; scottish clan leader and outlaw who was the subject of a 1817 novel by sir walter scott (1671-1734)
  • rock candy -  sugar in large hard clear crystals on a string; hard bright-colored stick candy (typically flavored with peppermint)
  • roe -  the eggs or egg-laden ovary of a fish; the egg mass or spawn of certain crustaceans such as the lobster; eggs of female fish; fish eggs or egg-filled ovary; having a grainy texture
  • rolaids -  an antacid
  • rolled oats -  meal made from rolled or ground oats
  • rolling pin -  utensil consisting of a cylinder (usually of wood) with a handle at each end; used to roll out dough
  • rollmops -  a pickled herring filet that has been rolled or wrapped around a pickle
  • rom -  (computer science) memory whose contents can be accessed and read but cannot be changed
  • romaine lettuce -  lettuce with long dark-green leaves in a loosely packed elongated head; lettuce with long dark-green spoon-shaped leaves
  • rondo -  a musical form that is often the last movement of a sonata
  • rooibos -  south african shrub having flat acuminate leaves and yellow flowers; leaves are aromatic when dried and used to make an herbal tea
  • root beer float -  an ice-cream soda made with ice cream floating in root beer
  • root beer -  carbonated drink containing extracts of roots and herbs
  • root cellar -  an excavation where root vegetables are stored
  • rootstock -  root or part of a root used for plant propagation; especially that part of a grafted plant that supplies the roots; a horizontal plant stem with shoots above and roots below serving as a reproductive structure
  • roquefort -  french blue cheese
  • rosa -  large genus of erect or climbing prickly shrubs including roses
  • rose hip -  the fruit of a rose plant
  • rose oil -  a volatile fragrant oil obtained from fresh roses by steam distillation
  • rose water -  perfume consisting of water scented with oil of roses
  • roselle -  east indian sparsely prickly annual herb or perennial subshrub widely cultivated for its fleshy calyxes used in tarts and jelly and for its bast fiber
  • rosemary -  extremely pungent leaves used fresh or dried as seasoning for especially meats; widely cultivated for its fragrant grey-green leaves used in cooking and in perfumery
  • roux -  a mixture of fat and flour heated and used as a basis for sauces
  • rubus chamaemorus -  creeping raspberry of north temperate regions with yellow or orange berries
  • rubus occidentalis -  raspberry native to eastern north america having black thimble-shaped fruit
  • rubus odoratus -  shrubby raspberry of eastern north america having showy rose to purplish flowers and red or orange thimble-shaped fruit
  • rubus parviflorus -  white-flowered raspberry of western north america and northern mexico with thimble-shaped orange berries
  • rubus phoenicolasius -  raspberry of china and japan having pale pink flowers grown for ornament and for the small red acid fruits
  • rubus saxatilis -  european trailing bramble with red berrylike fruits
  • rubus spectabilis -  large erect red-flowered raspberry of western north america having large pinkish-orange berries
  • rubus strigosus -  red raspberry of north america
  • rubus -  large genus of brambles bearing berries
  • rudd -  european freshwater fish resembling the roach
  • rum -  beyond or deviating from the usual or expected;  liquor distilled from fermented molasses; a card game based on collecting sets and sequences; the winner is the first to meld all their cards
  • rusk -  slice of sweet raised bread baked again until it is brown and hard and crisp
  • ruta graveolens -  european strong-scented perennial herb with grey-green bitter-tasting leaves; an irritant similar to poison ivy
  • ruta -  type genus of the rutaceae; strong-scented eurasian herbs
  • rutabaga -  the large yellow root of a rutabaga plant used as food; a cruciferous plant with a thick bulbous edible yellow root
  • rye whiskey -  whiskey distilled from rye or rye and malt
  • rye -  whiskey distilled from rye or rye and malt; hardy annual cereal grass widely cultivated in northern europe where its grain is the chief ingredient of black bread and in north america for forage and soil improvement; the seed of the cereal grass
  • s -  the 19th letter of the roman alphabet; (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work; a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm; the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees; an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions); 1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the systeme international d'unites
  • saccharin -  a crystalline substance 500 times sweeter than sugar; used as a calorie-free sweetener
  • saccharomyces cerevisiae -  used as a leaven in baking and brewing
  • saccharomyces -  single-celled yeasts that reproduce asexually by budding; used to ferment carbohydrates
  • safflower oil -  oil from seeds of the safflower plant; oil from safflower seeds used as food as well as in medicines and paints
  • safflower -  thistlelike eurasian plant widely grown for its red or orange flower heads and seeds that yield a valuable oil
  • saffron -  dried pungent stigmas of the old world saffron crocus; old world crocus having purple or white flowers with aromatic pungent orange stigmas used in flavoring food; a shade of yellow tinged with orange
  • sagittaria -  genus of aquatic herbs of temperate and tropical regions having sagittate or hastate leaves and white scapose flowers
  • sago -  powdery starch from certain sago palms; used in asia as a food thickener and textile stiffener
  • saigon cinnamon -  tropical southeast asian tree with aromatic bark; yields a bark used medicinally
  • sake -  a reason for wanting something done; the purpose of achieving or obtaining; japanese alcoholic beverage made from fermented rice; usually served hot
  • salad cream -  a creamy salad dressing resembling mayonnaise
  • salad -  food mixtures either arranged on a plate or tossed and served with a moist dressing; usually consisting of or including greens
  • salami -  highly seasoned fatty sausage of pork and beef usually dried
  • salat -  the second pillar of islam is prayer; a prescribed liturgy performed five times a day (preferably in a mosque) and oriented toward mecca
  • salisbury steak -  ground beef patty usually with a sauce
  • salmagundi -  cooked meats and eggs and vegetables usually arranged in rows around the plate and dressed with a salad dressing; a collection containing a variety of sorts of things
  • salmon -  of orange tinged with pink;  any of various large food and game fishes of northern waters; usually migrate from salt to fresh water to spawn; flesh of any of various marine or freshwater fish of the family salmonidae; a tributary of the snake river in idaho
  • saloon -  a room or establishment where alcoholic drinks are served over a counter; tavern consisting of a building with a bar and public rooms; often provides light meals
  • salsa -  spicy sauce of tomatoes and onions and chili peppers to accompany mexican foods
  • salsola soda -  bushy plant of old world salt marshes and sea beaches having prickly leaves; burned to produce a crude soda ash
  • salt shaker -  a shaker with a perforated top for sprinkling salt
  • salt -  (of speech) painful or bitter; one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of sea water;  the taste experience when common salt is taken into the mouth; white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food; a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal); negotiations between the united states and the union of soviet socialist republics opened in 1969 in helsinki designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons; verb preserve with salt; add zest or liveliness to; sprinkle as if with salt; add salt to
  • salvador -  a republic on the pacific coast of central america
  • salvia officinalis -  shrubby plant with aromatic greyish-green leaves used as a cooking herb
  • salvia sclarea -  aromatic herb of southern europe; cultivated in england as a potherb and widely as an ornamental
  • samaria -  an ancient city in central palestine founded in the 9th century bc as the capital of the northern hebrew kingdom of israel; the site is in present-day northwestern jordan
  • sambar -  a deer of southern asia with antlers that have three tines
  • sambuca -  an italian liqueur made with elderberries and flavored with licorice
  • sambucus canadensis -  common elder of central and eastern north america bearing purple-black berries; fruit used in wines and jellies
  • sambucus nigra -  a common shrub with black fruit or a small tree of europe and asia; fruit used for wines and jellies
  • sambucus -  elder; elderberry
  • samosa -  small turnover of indian origin filled with vegetables or meat and fried and served hot
  • samovar -  a metal urn with a spigot at the base; used in russia to boil water for tea
  • samphire -  fleshy maritime plant having fleshy stems with rudimentary scalelike leaves and small spikes of minute flowers; formerly used in making glass
  • san francisco -  a port in western california near the golden gate that is one of the major industrial and transportation centers; it has one of the world's finest harbors; site of the golden gate bridge
  • sandwich -  two (or more) slices of bread with a filling between them; verb insert or squeeze tightly between two people or objects; make into a sandwich
  • sangria -  sweetened red wine and orange or lemon juice with soda water
  • santalum album -  parasitic tree of indonesia and malaysia having fragrant close-grained yellowish heartwood with insect repelling properties and used, e.G., for making chests
  • sarcocephalus -  genus of tropical african trees and shrubs
  • sardine -  any of various small edible herring or related food fishes frequently canned; small fatty fish usually canned; small fishes found in great schools along coasts of europe; smaller and rounder than herring; a deep orange-red variety of chalcedony
  • sashimi -  very thinly sliced raw fish
  • sassafras -  dried root bark of the sassafras tree; yellowwood tree with brittle wood and aromatic leaves and bark; source of sassafras oil; widely distributed in eastern north america
  • satureja -  savory
  • sauce -  flavorful relish or dressing or topping served as an accompaniment to food; verb add zest or flavor to, make more interesting; dress (food) with a relish; behave saucy or impudently towards
  • saucer -  a small shallow dish for holding a cup at the table; a disk used in throwing competitions; directional antenna consisting of a parabolic reflector for microwave or radio frequency radiation; something with a round shape like a flat circular plate
  • sauerkraut -  shredded cabbage fermented in brine
  • sausage roll -  sausage meat rolled and baked in pastry
  • sausage -  highly seasoned minced meat stuffed in casings; a small nonrigid airship used for observation or as a barrage balloon
  • sauvignon blanc -  a california wine; white wine grape grown in california
  • savannah -  a port in eastern georgia near the mouth of the savannah river; a river in south carolina that flows southeast to the atlantic; a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
  • saveloy -  a ready-cooked and highly seasoned pork sausage
  • sazerac -  a cocktail made with bourbon with bitters and pernod and sugar served with lemon peel
  • scallion -  young onion before the bulb has enlarged; plant having a large slender white bulb and flat overlapping dark green leaves; used in cooking; believed derived from the wild allium ampeloprasum
  • scampi -  large shrimp sauteed in oil or butter and garlic
  • schinus molle -  small peruvian evergreen with broad rounded head and slender pendant branches with attractive clusters of greenish flowers followed by clusters of rose-pink fruits
  • schmaltz -  (yiddish) excessive sentimentality in art or music
  • schnitzel -  deep-fried breaded veal cutlets
  • sciaenidae -  warm-water marine fishes including the drums and grunts and croakers and sea trout
  • scone -  small biscuit (rich with cream and eggs) cut into diamonds or sticks and baked in an oven or (especially originally) on a griddle
  • scorzonera hispanica -  perennial south european herb having narrow entire leaves and solitary yellow flower heads and long black edible roots shaped like carrots
  • scotch egg -  hard-cooked egg encased in sausage meat then breaded and deep-fried
  • scotch whisky -  whiskey distilled in scotland; especially whiskey made from malted barley in a pot still
  • scrambled eggs -  eggs beaten and cooked to a soft firm consistency while stirring
  • scrapple -  scraps of meat (usually pork) boiled with cornmeal and shaped into loaves for slicing and frying
  • screwdriver -  a hand tool for driving screws; has a tip that fits into the head of a screw; a cocktail made with vodka and orange juice
  • scrod -  young atlantic cod or haddock especially one split and boned for cooking; flesh of young atlantic cod weighing up to 2 pounds; also young haddock and pollock; often broiled
  • scuppernong -  amber-green muscadine grape of southeastern united states
  • scutellaria lateriflora -  an american mint that yields a resinous exudate used especially formerly as an antispasmodic
  • sea cucumber -  echinoderm having a flexible sausage-shaped body, tentacles surrounding the mouth and tube feet; free-living mud feeders
  • sea lettuce -  seaweed with edible translucent crinkly green fronds
  • seafood -  edible fish (broadly including freshwater fish) or shellfish or roe etc
  • seasoned salt -  combination of salt and vegetable extracts and spices and monosodium glutamate
  • seasoning -  the act of adding a seasoning to food; something added to food primarily for the savor it imparts
  • semolina -  milled product of durum wheat (or other hard wheat) used in pasta
  • senna obtusifolia -  cosmopolitan tropical herb or subshrub with yellow flowers and slender curved pods; a weed; sometimes placed in genus cassia
  • serine -  a sweetish crystalline amino acid involved in the synthesis by the body of cysteine
  • sesame oil -  oil obtained from sesame seeds
  • sesame -  east indian annual erect herb; source of sesame seed or benniseed and sesame oil
  • sesbania grandiflora -  a softwood tree with lax racemes of usually red or pink flowers; tropical australia and asia; naturalized in southern florida and west indies
  • seven-up -  a form of all fours in which a total of seven points is game
  • seven -  being one more than six;  the cardinal number that is the sum of six and one
  • shaken -  disturbed psychologically as if by a physical jolt or shock
  • shallot -  small mild-flavored onion-like or garlic-like clustered bulbs used for seasoning; type of onion plant producing small clustered mild-flavored bulbs used as seasoning; aggregated bulb of the multiplier onion
  • shandy -  a drink made of beer and lemonade
  • shasta -  the shastan language spoken by the shasta; a volcanic mountain peak in the cascade range in northern california (14,162 feet high); a member of the indian people of northern california and southern oregon
  • shelf life -  the length of time a packaged food or drug will last without deteriorating
  • shellac -  a thin varnish made by dissolving lac in ethanol; used to finish wood; lac purified by heating and filtering; usually in thin orange or yellow flakes but sometimes bleached white; verb cover with shellac
  • shellfish -  meat of edible aquatic invertebrate with a shell (especially a mollusk or crustacean); invertebrate having a soft unsegmented body usually enclosed in a shell
  • shepherd's pie -  pie of hash covered with mashed potatoes and browned in the oven
  • shiitake -  edible east asian mushroom having a golden or dark brown to blackish cap and an inedible stipe
  • shirley temple -  popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928)
  • shoofly pie -  open pie filled with a mixture of sweet crumbs and molasses
  • shooter -  (sports) a player who drives or kicks a ball at the goal (or a basketball player who shoots at the basket); a gambler who throws dice in the game of craps; a large marble used for shooting in the game of marbles; a professional killer who uses a gun; a person who shoots (usually with respect to their ability to shoot)
  • shop -  a mercantile establishment for the retail sale of goods or services; a course of instruction in a trade (as carpentry or electricity); small workplace where handcrafts or manufacturing are done; verb do one's shopping; shop around; not necessarily buying; give away information about somebody; do one's shopping at; do business with; be a customer or client of
  • shortbread -  very rich thick butter cookie
  • shortening -  act of decreasing in length; fat such as butter or lard used in baked goods
  • shot glass -  a small glass adequate to hold a single swallow of whiskey
  • shut -  not open; used especially of mouth or eyes; verb move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut; become closed; prevent from entering; shut out
  • sicilian pizza -  pizza made with a thick crust
  • sidecar -  conveyance consisting of a small carrier attached to the side of a motorcycle; a cocktail made of orange liqueur with lemon juice and brandy
  • sideways -  (of movement) at an angle;  toward one side; with one side forward or to the front; to, toward or at one side; from the side; obliquely
  • sieve -  a strainer for separating lumps from powdered material or grading particles; verb distinguish and separate out; check and sort carefully; separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements; examine in order to test suitability
  • silene vulgaris -  perennial of arctic europe having large white flowers with inflated calyx
  • silphium -  tall north american perennial herbs
  • silverside -  small fishes having a silver stripe along each side; abundant along the atlantic coast of the united states
  • simon -  united states economist and psychologist who pioneered in the development of cognitive science (1916-2001); united states playwright noted for light comedies (born in 1927); united states singer and songwriter (born in 1942); one of the twelve apostles (first century)
  • sir -  term of address for a man; a title used before the name of knight or baronet
  • sium sisarum -  an asiatic herb cultivated in europe for its sweet edible tuberous root
  • sketch -  preliminary drawing for later elaboration; short descriptive summary (of events); a brief literary description; a humorous or satirical drawing published in a newspaper or magazine; verb describe roughly or briefly or give the main points or summary of; make a sketch of
  • skewer -  a long pin for holding meat in position while it is being roasted; verb drive a skewer through
  • skipjack tuna -  oceanic schooling tuna of considerable value in pacific but less in atlantic; reaches 75 pounds; very similar to if not the same as oceanic bonito
  • skittles -  a bowling game that is played by rolling a bowling ball down a bowling alley at a target of nine wooden pins
  • slaughterhouse -  a building where animals are butchered
  • slice -  a golf shot that curves to the right for a right-handed golfer; a spatula for spreading paint or ink; a thin flat piece cut off of some object; a share of something; a serving that has been cut from a larger portion; a wound made by cutting; verb hit a ball so that it causes a backspin; cut into slices; hit a ball and put a spin on it so that it travels in a different direction; make a clean cut through
  • slinger -  a person who uses a sling to throw something
  • slivovitz -  a colorless plum brandy popular in the balkans
  • sloe gin -  gin flavored with sloes (fruit of the blackthorn)
  • sloppy joe -  ground beef (not a patty) cooked in a spicy sauce and served on a bun
  • slush -  partially melted snow; verb spill or splash copiously or clumsily; make a splashing sound
  • smallmouth bass -  flesh of smallmouth bass; a variety of black bass; the angle of the jaw falls below the eye
  • smart -  capable of independent and apparently intelligent action; showing mental alertness and calculation and resourcefulness; quick and brisk; painfully severe; improperly forward or bold; elegant and stylish; characterized by quickness and ease in learning;  a kind of pain such as that caused by a wound or a burn or a sore; verb be the source of pain
  • smash -  with a loud crash;  a serious collision (especially of motor vehicles); a conspicuous success; the act of colliding with something; a hard return hitting the tennis ball above your head; a vigorous blow; verb break suddenly into pieces, as from a violent blow; break into pieces, as by striking or knocking over; overthrow or destroy (something considered evil or harmful); hit hard; collide or strike violently and suddenly; hit (a tennis ball) in a powerful overhead stroke; hit violently; damage or destroy as if by violence; humiliate or depress completely; reduce to bankruptcy
  • smelt -  small trout-like silvery marine or freshwater food fishes of cold northern waters; small cold-water silvery fish; migrate between salt and fresh water; verb extract (metals) by heating
  • smetana -  czech composer (1824-1884)
  • smilax rotundifolia -  a very prickly woody vine of the eastern united states growing in tangled masses having tough round stems with shiny leathery leaves and small greenish flowers followed by clusters of inedible shiny black berries
  • smilax -  fragile twining plant of south africa with bright green flattened stems and glossy foliage popular as a floral decoration; sometimes placed in smilacaceae
  • smoked salmon -  salmon cured by smoking
  • smoking -  emitting smoke in great volume;  the act of smoking tobacco or other substances; a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
  • smoothie -  a thick smooth drink consisting of fresh fruit pureed with ice cream or yoghurt or milk; someone with an assured and ingratiating manner
  • smyrnium olusatrum -  european herb somewhat resembling celery widely naturalized in britain coastal regions and often cultivated as a potherb
  • snack bar -  usually inexpensive bar
  • snack food -  food for light meals or for eating between meals
  • snack -  a light informal meal; verb eat a snack; eat lightly
  • snail -  freshwater or marine or terrestrial gastropod mollusk usually having an external enclosing spiral shell; edible terrestrial snail usually served in the shell with a sauce of melted butter and garlic; verb gather snails
  • snakebite -  a bite inflicted by a (venomous) snake
  • snakehead -  showy perennial of marshlands of eastern and central north america having waxy lanceolate leaves and flower with lower part creamy white and upper parts pale pink to deep purple
  • snap pea -  variety of pea plant producing peas having crisp rounded edible pods
  • soap -  a cleansing agent made from the salts of vegetable or animal fats; street names for gamma hydroxybutyrate; money offered as a bribe; verb rub soap all over, usually with the purpose of cleaning
  • sockeye salmon -  small salmon with red flesh; found in rivers and tributaries of the northern pacific and valued as food; adults die after spawning; fatty red flesh of salmon of pacific coast and rivers
  • soda fountain -  an apparatus for dispensing soda water; a counter where ice cream and sodas and sundaes are prepared and served
  • sodium benzoate -  a white crystalline salt used as a food preservative and antiseptic
  • sodium bicarbonate -  a white soluble compound (nahco3) used in effervescent drinks and in baking powders and as an antacid
  • sodium chloride -  a white crystalline solid consisting mainly of sodium chloride (nacl)
  • sodium nitrate -  (nano3) used especially as a fertilizer and explosive
  • sodium nitrite -  nitrite used to preserve and color food especially in meat and fish products; implicated in the formation of suspected carcinogens
  • soft drink -  nonalcoholic beverage (usually carbonated)
  • solanum quitoense -  small perennial shrub cultivated in uplands of south america for its edible bright orange fruits resembling tomatoes or oranges
  • solo -  composed or performed by a single voice or instrument;  without anybody else;  a flight in which the aircraft pilot is unaccompanied; any activity that is performed alone without assistance; a musical composition for one voice or instrument (with or without accompaniment); verb perform a piece written for a single instrument; fly alone, without a co-pilot or passengers
  • sommelier -  a waiter who manages wine service in a hotel or restaurant
  • sonchus -  sow thistles
  • song -  the act of singing; a short musical composition with words; a distinctive or characteristic sound; a very small sum; the characteristic sound produced by a bird; the imperial dynasty of china from 960 to 1279; noted for art and literature and philosophy
  • sorbet -  an ice containing milk
  • sorbic acid -  a white crystalline carboxylic acid used as a preservative
  • sorbus aucuparia -  eurasian tree with orange-red berrylike fruits
  • sorbus domestica -  medium-sized european tree resembling the rowan but bearing edible fruit
  • sorbus torminalis -  european tree bearing edible small speckled brown fruit
  • sorghum bicolor -  important for human and animal food; growth habit and stem form similar to indian corn but having sawtooth-edged leaves
  • sorghum -  made from juice of sweet sorghum; economically important old world tropical cereal grass; annual or perennial tropical and subtropical cereal grasses: sorghum
  • sorrel -  of a light brownish color;  a horse of a brownish orange to light brown color; large sour-tasting arrowhead-shaped leaves used in salads and sauces; east indian sparsely prickly annual herb or perennial subshrub widely cultivated for its fleshy calyxes used in tarts and jelly and for its bast fiber; any of certain coarse weedy plants with long taproots, sometimes used as table greens or in folk medicine; any plant or flower of the genus oxalis
  • soul food -  food traditionally eaten by african-americans in the south
  • soup kitchen -  a place where food is dispensed to the needy
  • soup -  liquid food especially of meat or fish or vegetable stock often containing pieces of solid food; an unfortunate situation; any composition having a consistency suggestive of soup; verb dope (a racehorse)
  • sour cherry -  acid cherries used for pies and preserves; australian tree with sour red fruit; rather small eurasian tree producing red to black acid edible fruit
  • sour cream -  artificially soured light cream
  • sour -  smelling of fermentation or staleness; having a sharp biting taste; one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of vinegar or lemons; showing a brooding ill humor; inaccurate in pitch; in an unpalatable state;  the taste experience when vinegar or lemon juice is taken into the mouth; a cocktail made of a liquor (especially whiskey or gin) mixed with lemon or lime juice and sugar; the property of being acidic; verb go sour or spoil; make sour or more sour
  • sourdough -  a settler or prospector (especially in western united states or northwest canada and alaska); a leaven of dough in which fermentation is active; used by pioneers for making bread
  • soursop -  large spiny tropical fruit with tart pulp related to custard apples; small tropical american tree bearing large succulent slightly acid fruit
  • south korea -  a republic in the southern half of the korean peninsula; established in 1948
  • souvlaki -  made of lamb
  • soy sauce -  thin sauce made of fermented soy beans
  • soybean -  most highly proteinaceous vegetable crop known; erect bushy hairy annual herb having trifoliate leaves and purple to pink flowers; extensively cultivated for food and forage and soil improvement but especially for its nutritious oil-rich seeds; native to asia; a source of oil; used for forage and soil improvement and as food
  • spaghetti squash -  medium-sized oval squash with flesh in the form of strings that resemble spaghetti; squash plant bearing oval fruit with smooth yellowish skin and tender stranded flesh resembling spaghetti
  • spaghetti -  pasta in the form of long strings; spaghetti served with a tomato sauce
  • spam -  unwanted e-mail (usually of a commercial nature sent out in bulk); a canned meat made largely from pork; verb send unwanted or junk e-mail
  • sparkle -  merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance; the quality of shining with a bright reflected light; the occurrence of a small flash or spark; verb be lively or brilliant or exhibit virtuosity; reflect brightly; form bubbles; emit or produce sparks
  • sparkling wine -  effervescent wine
  • spatchcock -  flesh of a chicken (or game bird) split down the back and grilled (usually immediately after being killed); verb interpolate or insert (words) into a sentence or story; prepare for eating if or as if a spatchcock
  • spatula -  a hand tool with a thin flexible blade used to mix or spread soft substances; a turner with a narrow flexible blade
  • speakeasy -  (during prohibition) an illegal barroom
  • spearmint -  common garden herb having clusters of small purplish flowers and yielding an oil used as a flavoring
  • special k -  street names for ketamine
  • spelt -  hardy wheat grown mostly in europe for livestock feed
  • spice -  any of a variety of pungent aromatic vegetable substances used for flavoring food; aromatic substances of vegetable origin used as a preservative; the property of being seasoned with spice and so highly flavored; verb make more interesting or flavorful; add herbs or spices to
  • spikenard -  an aromatic ointment used in antiquity
  • spinach -  dark green leaves; eaten cooked or raw in salads; southwestern asian plant widely cultivated for its succulent edible dark green leaves
  • spiny lobster -  large edible marine crustacean having a spiny carapace but lacking the large pincers of true lobsters; warm-water lobsters without claws; those from australia and south africa usually marketed as frozen tails; caught also in florida and california
  • spit -  the act of spitting (forcefully expelling saliva); a skewer for holding meat over a fire; a narrow strip of land that juts out into the sea; a clear liquid secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the mouth; moistens the mouth and starts the digestion of starches; verb expel or eject (saliva or phlegm or sputum) from the mouth; utter with anger or contempt; drive a skewer through; rain gently
  • split-pea -  dried hulled pea; used in soup
  • spondias mombin -  tropical american tree having edible yellow fruit
  • spondias purpurea -  common tropical american shrub or small tree with purplish fruit
  • spondias -  tropical trees having one-seeded fruit
  • spoon -  a piece of cutlery with a shallow bowl-shaped container and a handle; used to stir or serve or take up food; formerly a golfing wood with an elevated face; as much as a spoon will hold; verb scoop up or take up with a spoon; snuggle and lie in a position where one person faces the back of the others
  • spork -  trademark for a plastic eating utensil that has both tines and a bowl like a spoon
  • spotted dick -  a suet pudding containing currants
  • spring roll -  minced vegetables and meat wrapped in a pancake and fried
  • sprinkles -  bits of sweet chocolate used as a topping on e.G. Ice cream
  • sprite -  a small being, human in form, playful and having magical powers
  • spritzer -  a mixed drink made of wine mixed with a sparkling water
  • sprouting -  the process whereby seeds or spores sprout and begin to grow
  • spruce beer -  a brew made by fermenting molasses and other sugars with the sap of spruce trees (sometimes with malt)
  • spud -  a sharp hand shovel for digging out roots and weeds; an edible tuber native to south america; a staple food of ireland; verb initiate drilling operations, as for petroleum; produce buds, branches, or germinate
  • squash -  a game played in an enclosed court by two or four players who strike the ball with long-handled rackets; edible fruit of a squash plant; eaten as a vegetable; any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits; verb to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition
  • squirt -  the occurrence of a sudden discharge (as of liquid); someone who is small and insignificant; verb wet with a spurt of liquid; cause to come out in a squirt
  • sse -  the compass point midway between south and southeast
  • standing rib roast -  a cut of meat including more than one rib
  • starch -  a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles; verb stiffen with starch
  • steak and kidney pie -  steak with sauteed kidneys and onions cooked in wine and stock then covered with pastry and baked
  • steak au poivre -  steak covered with crushed peppercorns pan-broiled and served with brandy-and-butter sauce
  • steak sauce -  pungent bottled sauce for steak
  • steak tartare -  ground beef mixed with raw egg and e.G. Onions and capers and anchovies; eaten raw
  • steakhouse -  a restaurant that specializes in steaks
  • steaming -  filled with steam or emitting moisture in the form of vapor or mist;  (used of heat) extremely
  • stearin -  an ester of glycerol and stearic acid
  • stellaria -  common chickweed; stitchwort
  • sterilization -  the procedure of making some object free of live bacteria or other microorganisms (usually by heat or chemical means); the act of making an organism barren or infertile (unable to reproduce)
  • stevia -  any plant of the genus piqueria or the closely related genus stevia; any plant of the genus stevia or the closely related genus piqueria having glutinous foliage and white or purplish flowers; central and south america
  • stew -  food prepared by stewing especially meat or fish with vegetables; agitation resulting from active worry; verb cook slowly and for a long time in liquid; bear a grudge; harbor ill feelings; be in a huff; be silent or sullen
  • stewing -  an extreme state of worry and agitation; cooking in a liquid that has been brought to a boil
  • stickleback -  small (2-4 inches) pugnacious mostly scaleless spiny-backed fishes of northern fresh and littoral waters having elaborate courtship; subjects of much research
  • stinger -  a sharp stinging blow; a sharp organ of offense or defense (as of a wasp or stingray or scorpion) often connected with a poison gland; a portable low altitude surface-to-air missile system using infrared guidance and an impact fuse; fired from the shoulder; a remark capable of wounding mentally; a cocktail made of made of creme de menthe and brandy
  • stockfish -  fish cured by being split and air-dried without salt
  • stone pine -  medium-sized two-needled pine of southern europe having a spreading crown; widely cultivated for its sweet seeds that resemble almonds
  • storm -  a direct and violent assault on a stronghold; a violent weather condition with winds 64-72 knots (11 on the beaufort scale) and precipitation and thunder and lightening; a violent commotion or disturbance; verb attack by storm; attack suddenly; take by force; blow hard; rain, hail, or snow hard and be very windy, often with thunder or lightning; behave violently, as if in state of a great anger
  • stout -  euphemisms for `fat'; dependable; having rugged physical strength; inured to fatigue or hardships;  a garment size for a large or heavy person; a strong very dark heavy-bodied ale made from pale malt and roasted unmalted barley and (often) caramel malt with hops
  • stove -  any heating apparatus; a kitchen appliance used for cooking food
  • straw wine -  sweet wine from grapes partially sun-dried on the vine or on straw mats
  • string cheese -  cheese formed in long strings twisted together
  • strip steak -  steak from upper part of the short loin
  • stuffing -  padding put in mattresses and cushions and upholstered furniture; a mixture of seasoned ingredients used to stuff meats and vegetables
  • sturgeon -  large primitive fishes valued for their flesh and roe; widely distributed in the north temperate zone
  • submarine sandwich -  a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the united states
  • subtlety -  the quality of being difficult to detect or analyze; a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude
  • subway -  an electric railway operating below the surface of the ground (usually in a city); an underground tunnel or passage enabling pedestrians to cross a road or railway
  • succinic acid -  a dicarboxylic acid (c4h6o4) active in metabolic processes
  • suckling pig -  whole young pig suitable for roasting
  • sucrose -  a complex carbohydrate found in many plants and used as a sweetening agent
  • suet -  hard fat around the kidneys and loins in beef and mutton
  • sugar apple -  sweet pulpy tropical fruit with thick scaly rind and shiny black seeds
  • sugar beet -  white-rooted beet grown as a source of sugar; form of the common beet having a sweet white root from which sugar is obtained
  • sugar daddy -  a wealthy older man who gives a young person expensive gifts in return for friendship or intimacy
  • sugar-bush -  evergreen shrub of southeastern united states with spikes of reddish yellow flowers and glandular hairy fruits
  • sugar -  a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative; informal terms for money; an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain; verb sweeten with sugar
  • sugarcane -  tall tropical southeast asian grass having stout fibrous jointed stalks; sap is a chief source of sugar; juicy canes whose sap is a source of molasses and commercial sugar; fresh canes are sometimes chewed for the juice
  • sukiyaki -  thin beef strips (or chicken or pork) cooked briefly at the table with onions and greens and soy sauce
  • sulfur dioxide -  a colorless toxic gas (so2) that occurs in the gases from volcanoes; used in many manufacturing processes and present in industrial emissions; causes acid rain
  • sultana -  pale yellow seedless grape used for raisins and wine; dried seedless grape
  • sumac -  a shrub or tree of the genus rhus (usually limited to the non-poisonous members of the genus); wood of a sumac
  • summer savory -  herb with delicately flavored leaves with many uses; erect annual herb with oval leaves and pink flowers; used to flavor e.G. Meats or soups or salads; southeastern europe and naturalized elsewhere
  • summer squash -  any of various fruits of the gourd family that mature during the summer; eaten while immature and before seeds and rind harden; any of various usually bushy plants producing fruit that is eaten while immature and before the rind or seeds harden
  • sundae -  ice cream served with a topping
  • sunflower oil -  oil from sunflower seeds
  • sunflower seed -  edible seed of sunflowers; used as food and poultry feed and as a source of oil
  • super c -  street names for ketamine
  • supermarket -  a large self-service grocery store selling groceries and dairy products and household goods
  • supper club -  usually a small luxurious nightclub
  • supper -  a light evening meal; served in early evening if dinner is at midday or served late in the evening at bedtime; a social gathering where a light evening meal is served
  • surge -  a sudden or abrupt strong increase; a large sea wave; a sudden forceful flow; verb see one's performance improve; rise or heave upward under the influence of a natural force such as a wave; rise or move forward; rise rapidly; rise and move, as in waves or billows
  • sushi -  rice (with raw fish) wrapped in seaweed
  • swamp dewberry -  of eastern north america
  • swanson -  united states actress in many silent films (1899-1983)
  • sweden -  a scandinavian kingdom in the eastern part of the scandinavian peninsula
  • sweet corn -  corn that can be eaten as a vegetable while still young and soft; a corn plant developed in order to have young ears that are sweet and suitable for eating
  • sweet potato -  the edible tuberous root of the sweet potato vine which is grown widely in warm regions of the united states; pantropical vine widely cultivated in several varieties for its large sweet tuberous root with orange flesh; egg-shaped terra cotta wind instrument with a mouthpiece and finger holes
  • sweet sorghum -  any of several sorghums cultivated as a source of syrup
  • sweetbread -  edible glands of an animal
  • sweetener -  anything that serves as an enticement; something added to foods to make them taste sweeter
  • sweetness -  the property of tasting as if it contains sugar; the quality of giving pleasure; a pleasingly sweet olfactory property; the taste experience when sugar dissolves in the mouth
  • swerve -  the act of turning aside suddenly; an erratic deflection from an intended course; verb turn sharply; change direction abruptly
  • swiftlet -  swift of eastern asia; produces the edible bird's nest
  • swim bladder -  an air-filled sac near the spinal column in many fishes that helps maintain buoyancy
  • swiss roll -  thin sheet of sponge cake spread with jelly and then rolled up to make a cylindrical cake
  • swordfish -  large toothless marine food fish with a long swordlike upper jaw; not completely cold-blooded I.E. They are able to warm their brains and eyes: worldwide in warm waters but feed on cold ocean floor coming to surface at night; flesh of swordfish usually served as steaks
  • syllabub -  sweetened cream beaten with wine or liquor; spiced hot milk with rum or wine
  • symphony -  a long and complex sonata for symphony orchestra; a large orchestra; can perform symphonies
  • symposium -  a meeting or conference for the public discussion of some topic especially one in which the participants form an audience and make presentations
  • syrup -  a thick sweet sticky liquid
  • syzygium -  a tropical evergreen tree of the myrtle family native to the east indies but cultivated elsewhere
  • tab -  a short strip of material attached to or projecting from something in order to facilitate opening or identifying or handling it; a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet; the key on a typewriter or a word processor that causes a tabulation; sensationalist journalism; the bill in a restaurant
  • tabasco pepper -  plant bearing very hot medium-sized oblong red peppers; grown principally in the gulf coast states for production of hot sauce
  • tabasco sauce -  very spicy sauce (trade name tabasco) made from fully-aged red peppers
  • tabbouleh -  a finely chopped salad with tomatoes and parsley and mint and scallions and bulgur wheat
  • table service -  tableware consisting of a complete set of articles (silver or dishware) for use at table
  • tablet -  a small flat compressed cake of some substance; a slab of stone or wood suitable for bearing an inscription; a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet; a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge
  • tableware -  articles for use at the table (dishes and silverware and glassware)
  • taboo -  forbidden to profane use especially in south pacific islands; excluded from use or mention;  an inhibition or ban resulting from social custom or emotional aversion; a prejudice (especially in polynesia and other south pacific islands) that prohibits the use or mention of something because of its sacred nature; verb declare as sacred and forbidden
  • taffy -  chewy candy of sugar or syrup boiled until thick and pulled until glossy
  • tagetes erecta -  a stout branching annual with large yellow to orange flower heads; mexico and central america
  • tahini -  a thick middle eastern paste made from ground sesame seeds
  • tallow -  obtained from suet and used in making soap, candles and lubricants
  • tamale -  corn and cornmeal dough stuffed with a meat mixture then wrapped in corn husks and steamed; a city in northern ghana
  • tamarillo -  south american arborescent shrub having pale pink blossoms followed by egg-shaped reddish-brown edible fruit somewhat resembling a tomato in flavor
  • tamarind -  large tropical seed pod with very tangy pulp that is eaten fresh or cooked with rice and fish or preserved for curries and chutneys; long-lived tropical evergreen tree with a spreading crown and feathery evergreen foliage and fragrant flowers yielding hard yellowish wood and long pods with edible chocolate-colored acidic pulp
  • tanacetum -  a large genus of plants resembling chrysanthemums; comprises some plants often included in other genera especially genus chrysanthemum
  • tandoor -  a clay oven used in northern india and pakistan
  • tang -  any of various coarse seaweeds; the imperial dynasty of china from 618 to 907; any of various kelps especially of the genus laminaria; brown algae seaweed with serrated edges; a common rockweed used in preparing kelp and as manure; a tart spicy quality; the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth
  • tangelo -  large sweet juicy hybrid between tangerine and grapefruit having a thick wrinkled skin; hybrid between grapefruit and mandarin orange; cultivated especially in florida
  • tangerine -  of a strong reddish orange color;  a reddish to vivid orange color; any of various deep orange mandarins grown in the united states and southern africa; a variety of mandarin orange
  • tango -  a ballroom dance of latin-american origin; music written in duple time for dancing the tango; verb dance a tango
  • tangor -  large citrus tree having large sweet deep orange fruit that is easily peeled; widely cultivated in florida
  • tannic acid -  any of various complex phenolic substances of plant origin; used in tanning and in medicine
  • tannin -  any of various complex phenolic substances of plant origin; used in tanning and in medicine
  • tapenade -  a spread consisting of capers and black olives and anchovies made into a puree with olive oil
  • tapioca pudding -  sweet pudding thickened with tapioca
  • tapioca -  granular preparation of cassava starch used to thicken especially puddings
  • tapper -  someone who wiretaps a telephone or telegraph wire; a worker who uses a tap to cut screw threads; a person who strikes a surface lightly and usually repeatedly; a dancer who sounds out rhythms by using metal taps on the toes and heels of the shoes; a tavern keeper who taps kegs or casks
  • tara -  a village in eastern ireland (northwest of dublin); seat of irish kings until 6th century
  • tarragon -  fresh leaves (or leaves preserved in vinegar) used as seasoning; aromatic perennial of southeastern russia
  • tart -  harsh; tasting sour like a lemon;  a pastry cup with a filling of fruit or custard and no top crust; a small open pie with a fruit filling; a woman who engages in sexual intercourse for money
  • tartar sauce -  mayonnaise with chopped pickles and sometimes capers and shallots and parsley and hard-cooked egg; sauce for seafood especially fried fish
  • tartaric acid -  an acid found in many fruits; used in soft drinks and confectionery and baking powder
  • taste -  a kind of sensing; distinguishing substances by means of the taste buds; the faculty of distinguishing sweet, sour, bitter, and salty properties in the mouth; the sensation that results when taste buds in the tongue and throat convey information about the chemical composition of a soluble stimulus; delicate discrimination (especially of aesthetic values); a brief experience of something; a small amount eaten or drunk; a strong liking; verb experience briefly; perceive by the sense of taste; distinguish flavors; have flavor; taste of something; take a sample of; have a distinctive or characteristic taste
  • tate -  united states poet and critic (1899-1979)
  • tavern -  a building with a bar that is licensed to sell alcoholic drinks
  • taxi -  a car driven by a person whose job is to take passengers where they want to go in exchange for money; verb travel slowly; ride in a taxicab
  • te -  the syllable naming the seventh (subtonic) note of any musical scale in solmization; a brittle silver-white metalloid element that is related to selenium and sulfur; it is used in alloys and as a semiconductor; occurs mainly as tellurides in ores of copper and nickel and silver and gold
  • tea bag -  small paper bag holding a measure of tea; a measured amount of tea in a bag for an individual serving of tea
  • tea ceremony -  an ancient ritual for preparing and serving and drinking tea
  • tea leaf -  dried leaves of the tea shrub; used to make tea
  • tea -  a light midafternoon meal of tea and sandwiches or cakes; dried leaves of the tea shrub; used to make tea; a beverage made by steeping tea leaves in water; a reception or party at which tea is served; a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.G. China and japan and india; source of tea leaves
  • teacake -  any of various small cakes or cookies often served with tea; flat semisweet cookie or biscuit usually served with tea
  • teahouse -  a restaurant where tea and light meals are available
  • teapot -  pot for brewing tea; usually has a spout and handle
  • teaspoon -  a small spoon used for stirring tea or coffee; holds about one fluid dram; as much as a teaspoon will hold
  • teem - verb be teeming, be abuzz; move in large numbers
  • teetotalism -  abstaining from alcohol
  • teff -  an african grass economically important as a cereal grass (yielding white flower of good quality) as well as for forage and hay
  • tempering -  moderating by making more temperate;  hardening something by heat treatment
  • tempura -  vegetables and seafood dipped in batter and deep-fried
  • terminology -  a system of words used to name things in a particular discipline
  • tetraodontidae -  puffers
  • tetrasodium pyrophosphate -  a sodium salt of pyrophosphoric acid used as a builder in soaps and detergents
  • tetrazzini -  a pasta dish with cream sauce and mushrooms
  • texas -  the second largest state; located in southwestern united states on the gulf of mexico
  • thanksgiving -  fourth thursday in november in the united states; second monday in october in canada; commemorates a feast held in 1621 by the pilgrims and the wampanoag; a short prayer of thanks before a meal
  • theobroma cacao -  tropical american tree producing cacao beans
  • theophylline -  a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator
  • thousand island dressing -  mayonnaise with chili sauce or catsup and minced olives and peppers and hard-cooked egg
  • three -  being one more than two;  the cardinal number that is the sum of one and one and one
  • threonine -  a colorless crystalline amino acid found in protein; occurs in the hydrolysates of certain proteins; an essential component of human nutrition
  • threshing -  the separation of grain or seeds from the husks and straw
  • thyme -  leaves can be used as seasoning for almost any meat and stews and stuffings and vegetables; any of various mints of the genus thymus
  • thymol -  a colorless crystalline solid used in perfume or preserving biological specimens or in embalming or medically as a fungicide or antiseptic
  • thymus serpyllum -  aromatic dwarf shrub common on banks and hillsides in europe; naturalized in united states
  • tierce -  one of three equal parts of a divisible whole; the third canonical hour; about 9 a.M.
  • tiffin -  a midday meal
  • tilapia -  a genus of cichlidae
  • tilefish -  yellow-spotted violet food fish of warm deep waters; important marine food fishes
  • tine -  prong on a fork or pitchfork or antler
  • ting -  a light clear metallic sound as of a small bell; verb make a light, metallic sound; go `ting'; cause to make a ting
  • tiramisu -  an italian dessert consisting of layers of sponge cake soaked with coffee and brandy or liqueur layered with mascarpone cheese and topped with grated chocolate
  • titanium dioxide -  a white powder used as a pigment for its high covering power and durability
  • tl -  a soft grey malleable metallic element that resembles tin but discolors on exposure to air; it is highly toxic and is used in rodent and insect poisons; occurs in zinc blende and some iron ores
  • tnt -  explosive consisting of a yellow crystalline compound that is a flammable toxic derivative of toluene
  • toad-in-the-hole -  sausage baked in batter
  • toast -  slices of bread that have been toasted; a celebrity who receives much acclaim and attention; a drink in honor of or to the health of a person or event; a person in desperate straits; someone doomed; verb propose a toast to; make brown and crisp by heating
  • toaster oven -  kitchen appliance consisting of a small electric oven for toasting or warming food
  • toaster -  a kitchen appliance (usually electric) for toasting bread; someone who proposes a toast; someone who drinks to the health of success of someone or some venture
  • tocopherol -  a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • toffee -  caramelized sugar cooled in thin sheets
  • tom and jerry -  hot rum toddy with a beaten egg
  • tom collins -  tall iced drink of liquor (usually gin) with fruit juice
  • tom thumb -  a very small person; an imaginary hero of english folklore who was no taller than his father's thumb
  • tomalley -  edible greenish substance in boiled lobster
  • tomatillo -  small edible yellow to purple tomato-like fruit enclosed in a bladderlike husk; annual of mexico and southern united states having edible purplish viscid fruit resembling small tomatoes; mexican annual naturalized in eastern north america having yellow to purple edible fruit resembling small tomatoes
  • tomato sauce -  sauce made with a puree of tomatoes (or strained tomatoes) with savory vegetables and other seasonings; can be used on pasta
  • tomato -  mildly acid red or yellow pulpy fruit eaten as a vegetable; native to south america; widely cultivated in many varieties
  • tongs -  any of various devices for taking hold of objects; usually have two hinged legs with handles above and pointed hooks below
  • tonic water -  lime- or lemon-flavored carbonated water containing quinine
  • tool -  an implement used in the practice of a vocation; the means whereby some act is accomplished; obscene terms for penis; a person who is controlled by others and is used to perform unpleasant or dishonest tasks for someone else; verb work with a tool; drive; furnish with tools; ride in a car with no particular goal and just for the pleasure of it
  • toona -  formerly included in genus cedrela
  • toothpick -  pick consisting of a small strip of wood or plastic; used to pick food from between the teeth
  • topic -  some situation or event that is thought about; the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
  • tortellini -  small ring-shaped stuffed pasta
  • tortilla chip -  a small piece of tortilla
  • town -  the people living in a municipality smaller than a city; an urban area with a fixed boundary that is smaller than a city; an administrative division of a county
  • tragopogon porrifolius -  mediterranean biennial herb with long-stemmed heads of purple ray flowers and milky sap and long edible root; naturalized throughout united states
  • treacle -  an expression that is excessively sweet and sentimental; a pale cane syrup
  • tree onion -  type of perennial onion grown chiefly as a curiosity or for early salad onions; having bulbils that replace the flowers
  • tremella fuciformis -  popular in china and japan and taiwan; gelatinous mushrooms; most are dried
  • trencher -  a wooden board or platter on which food is served or carved; someone who digs trenches
  • trident -  a spear with three prongs
  • trifle -  sponge cake spread with jam and soaked in wine; served with a custard sauce; something of small importance; a detail that is considered insignificant; verb consider not very seriously; act frivolously; waste time; spend one's time idly or inefficiently
  • trifoliate orange -  small fast-growing spiny deciduous chinese orange tree bearing sweetly scented flowers and decorative but inedible fruit: used as a stock in grafting and for hedges
  • tripe -  lining of the stomach of a ruminant (especially a bovine) used as food; nonsensical talk or writing
  • trisodium phosphate -  the tertiary phosphate of sodium used as a builder in soaps and detergents
  • trousseau -  the personal outfit of a bride; clothes and accessories and linens
  • trout -  any of various game and food fishes of cool fresh waters mostly smaller than typical salmons; flesh of any of several primarily freshwater game and food fishes
  • truck stop -  a roadside service station (and restaurant) that caters to truck drivers
  • truffle -  creamy chocolate candy; edible subterranean fungus of the genus tuber; any of various highly prized edible subterranean fungi of the genus tuber; grow naturally in southwestern europe
  • tuna salad -  salad composed primarily of chopped canned tuna fish
  • turbot -  a large brownish european flatfish; flesh of a large european flatfish
  • turkish coffee -  drink made from pulverized coffee beans; usually sweetened
  • turkish delight -  a jellied candy typically flavored with rose water
  • turmeric -  ground dried rhizome of the turmeric plant used as seasoning; widely cultivated tropical plant of india having yellow flowers and a large aromatic deep yellow rhizome; source of a condiment and a yellow dye
  • turnip -  root of any of several members of the mustard family; widely cultivated plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root
  • turtle soup -  soup usually made of the flesh of green turtles
  • tv dinner -  a meal that is prepared in advance and frozen; can be heated and served
  • two -  being one more than one;  the cardinal number that is the sum of one and one or a numeral representing this number
  • typha -  reed maces; cattails
  • tyson -  united states prizefighter who was world heavyweight champion (born in 1966)
  • u -  (chiefly british) of or appropriate to the upper classes especially in language use;  the 21st letter of the roman alphabet; a heavy toxic silvery-white radioactive metallic element; occurs in many isotopes; used for nuclear fuels and nuclear weapons; a base containing nitrogen that is found in rna (but not in dna) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
  • uk -  a monarchy in northwestern europe occupying most of the british isles; divided into england and scotland and wales and northern ireland
  • unit -  a single undivided whole; an organization regarded as part of a larger social group; a single undivided natural thing occurring in the composition of something else; an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole; an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity; any division of quantity accepted as a standard of measurement or exchange
  • united states -  north american republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in north america plus alaska in northwest north america and the hawaiian islands in the pacific ocean; achieved independence in 1776; the executive and legislative and judicial branches of the federal government of the united states
  • unleavened bread -  brittle flat bread eaten at passover
  • upper crust -  the class occupying the highest position in the social hierarchy
  • urea -  the chief solid component of mammalian urine; synthesized from ammonia and carbon dioxide and used as fertilizer and in animal feed and in plastics
  • urtica dioica -  perennial eurasian nettle established in north america having broad coarsely toothed leaves with copious stinging hairs
  • v -  the 22nd letter of the roman alphabet; a unit of potential equal to the potential difference between two points on a conductor carrying a current of 1 ampere when the power dissipated between the two points is 1 watt; equivalent to the potential difference across a resistance of 1 ohm when 1 ampere of current flows through it; a soft silvery white toxic metallic element used in steel alloys; it occurs in several complex minerals including carnotite and vanadinite
  • vaccinium angustifolium -  low-growing deciduous shrub of northeastern north america having flowers in compact racemes and bearing sweet dark blue berries
  • vaccinium arboreum -  shrub or small tree of eastern united states having black inedible berries
  • vaccinium corymbosum -  high-growing deciduous shrub of eastern north america bearing edible blueish to blackish berries with a distinct bloom; source of most cultivated blueberries
  • valencia orange -  variety of sweet orange cultivated extensively in florida and california
  • valerianella locusta -  widely cultivated as a salad crop and pot herb; often a weed
  • valeric acid -  a clear liquid carboxylic acid used in perfumes and drugs
  • valet parking -  a service provided (at a club or restaurant or airport etc.) whereby a patron leaves a car at the entrance and an attendant parks and retrieves it
  • valet -  a manservant who acts as a personal attendant to his employer; verb serve as a personal attendant to
  • vanilla -  plain and without any extras or adornments; flavored with vanilla extract;  a distinctive fragrant flavor characteristic of vanilla beans; a flavoring prepared from vanilla beans macerated in alcohol (or imitating vanilla beans); any of numerous climbing plants of the genus vanilla having fleshy leaves and clusters of large waxy highly fragrant white or green or topaz flowers
  • vanillin -  a crystalline compound found in vanilla beans and some balsam resins; used in perfumes and flavorings
  • varietal -  a wine made principally from one grape and carrying the name of that grape
  • vault -  the act of jumping over an obstacle; an arched brick or stone ceiling or roof; a burial chamber (usually underground); a strongroom or compartment (often made of steel) for safekeeping of valuables; verb bound vigorously; jump across or leap over (an obstacle)
  • veal -  meat from a calf
  • vegetable oil -  any of a group of liquid edible fats that are obtained from plants
  • vegetable -  of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from plants;  edible seeds or roots or stems or leaves or bulbs or tubers or nonsweet fruits of any of numerous herbaceous plant; any of various herbaceous plants cultivated for an edible part such as the fruit or the root of the beet or the leaf of spinach or the seeds of bean plants or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower
  • velveeta -  trademark: soft processed american cheese
  • vending machine -  a slot machine for selling goods
  • venison -  meat from a deer used as food
  • vermicelli -  pasta in strings thinner than spaghetti
  • vermouth -  any of several white wines flavored with aromatic herbs; used as aperitifs or in mixed drinks
  • vernonia -  any of various plants of the genus vernonia of tropical and warm regions of especially north america that take their name from their loose heads of purple to rose flowers that quickly take on a rusty hue
  • vesper -  a late afternoon or evening worship service; a planet (usually venus) seen at sunset in the western sky
  • vi -  more than 130 southeastern virgin islands; a dependent territory of the united states
  • vichyssoise -  a creamy potato soup flavored with leeks and onions; usually served cold
  • vicia faba -  old world upright plant grown especially for its large flat edible seeds but also as fodder
  • vicia villosa -  european vetch much cultivated as forage and cover crops
  • vidalia onion -  sweet-flavored onion grown in georgia
  • video game -  a game played against a computer
  • vienna sausage -  short slender frankfurter usually with ends cut off
  • vigna aconitifolia -  east indian legume having hairy foliage and small yellow flowers followed by cylindrical pods; used especially in india for food and forage and as a soil conditioner; sometimes placed in genus phaseolus
  • vineyard -  a farm of grapevines where wine grapes are produced
  • viola -  a bowed stringed instrument slightly larger than a violin, tuned a fifth lower; large genus of flowering herbs of temperate regions; any of the numerous plants of the genus viola
  • virgin mary -  a bloody mary made without alcohol; the mother of jesus; christians refer to her as the virgin mary; she is especially honored by roman catholics
  • vitamin c -  a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • vitamin -  any of a group of organic substances essential in small quantities to normal metabolism
  • viticulture -  the cultivation of grapes and grape vines; grape growing
  • vitis rotundifolia -  native grape of southeastern united states; origin of many cultivated varieties
  • vitis vinifera -  common european grape cultivated in many varieties; chief source of old world wine and table grapes
  • vitis -  the type genus of the family vitaceae; woody vines with simple leaves and small flowers; includes a wide variety of grapes
  • viva -  an examination conducted by word of mouth
  • vodka martini -  martini made with vodka rather than gin
  • vodka -  unaged colorless liquor originating in russia
  • volunteer -  without payment;  a person who performs voluntary work; (military) a person who freely enlists for service; a native or resident of tennessee; verb tell voluntarily; do volunteer work; agree freely
  • volvariella volvacea -  small tropical and subtropical edible mushroom having a white cap and long stem; an expensive delicacy in china and other asian countries where it is grown commercially
  • volvariella -  an important genus of mushrooms in the orient
  • w -  the 23rd letter of the roman alphabet; a unit of power equal to 1 joule per second; the power dissipated by a current of 1 ampere flowing across a resistance of 1 ohm; the cardinal compass point that is a 270 degrees; a heavy grey-white metallic element; the pure form is used mainly in electrical applications; it is found in several ores including wolframite and scheelite
  • wafer -  thin disk of unleavened bread used in a religious service (especially in the celebration of the eucharist); a small thin crisp cake or cookie; a small adhesive disk of paste; used to seal letters
  • waffle iron -  a kitchen appliance for baking waffles; the appliance usually consists of two indented metal pans hinged together so that they create a pattern on the waffle
  • waffle -  pancake batter baked in a waffle iron; verb pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness
  • waldorf salad -  typically made of apples and celery with nuts or raisins and dressed with mayonnaise
  • walleye -  pike-like freshwater perches; strabismus in which one or both eyes are directed outward
  • walnut oil -  oil from walnuts
  • wasabi -  the thick green root of the wasabi plant that the japanese use in cooking and that tastes like strong horseradish; in powder or paste form it is often eaten with raw fish; a japanese plant of the family cruciferae with a thick green root
  • wassail -  a punch made of sweetened ale or wine heated with spices and roasted apples; especially at christmas; verb propose a toast to; celebrate noisily, often indulging in drinking; engage in uproarious festivities
  • water biscuit -  a thin flour-and-water biscuit usually made without shortening; often served with cheese
  • water caltrop -  a variety of water chestnut
  • water supply -  a facility that provides a source of water
  • watercress -  of a moderate yellow-green color that is greener and deeper than moss green and yellower and darker than pea green;  cresses that grow in clear ponds and streams; any of several water-loving cresses
  • wedding cake -  a rich cake with two or more tiers and covered with frosting and decorations; served at a wedding reception
  • wedding reception -  a reception for wedding guests held after the wedding
  • wei -  any of several imperial dynasties of china ruling from 220 to 265 and from 386 to 556
  • welsh rarebit -  cheese melted with ale or beer served over toast
  • whatchamacallit -  something unspecified whose name is either forgotten or not known
  • wheat beer -  a general name for beers made from wheat by top fermentation; usually very pale and cloudy and effervescent
  • wheat gluten -  gluten prepared from wheat
  • wheat -  grains of common wheat; sometimes cooked whole or cracked as cereal; usually ground into flour; annual or biennial grass having erect flower spikes and light brown grains
  • whelk -  large carnivorous marine gastropods of coastal waters and intertidal regions having a strong snail-like shell; large marine snail much used as food in europe; verb gather whelk
  • whey -  watery part of milk produced when raw milk sours and coagulates; the serum or watery part of milk that is separated from the curd in making cheese
  • whisk -  a small short-handled broom used to brush clothes; a mixer incorporating a coil of wires; used for whipping eggs or cream; verb whip with or as if with a wire whisk; brush or wipe off lightly; move somewhere quickly; move quickly and nimbly
  • whisky -  a liquor made from fermented mash of grain
  • white chocolate -  a blend of cocoa butter and milk solids and sugar and vanilla; used in candy bars and backing and coatings; not technically chocolate because it contains no chocolate liquor
  • white knight -  a company that is a friendly acquirer in a takeover
  • white meat -  meat carved from the breast of a fowl
  • white mustard -  eurasian mustard cultivated for its pungent seeds; a source of table mustard and mustard oil
  • white rice -  having husk or outer brown layers removed
  • white russian -  a cocktail made with vodka, coffee liqueur, and milk or cream; the slavic language spoken in belarus; a native or inhabitant of byelorussia
  • white sturgeon -  food and game fish of marine and fresh waters of northwestern coast of north america; valuable source of caviar and isinglass; found in black and caspian seas
  • white-bread -  of or belonging to or representative of the white middle class
  • white-hot -  intensely zealous or fervid; glowing white with heat
  • whitefish -  silvery herring-like freshwater food fish of cold lakes of the northern hemisphere; flesh of salmon- or trout-like cold-water fish of cold lakes of the northern hemisphere; any market fish--edible saltwater fish or shellfish--except herring
  • whole wheat flour -  flour made by grinding the entire wheat berry including the bran; (`whole meal flour' is british usage)
  • whopper -  a gross untruth; a blatant lie; something especially big or impressive of its kind
  • wild ginger -  low-growing perennial herb with pungent gingery leaves and rhizomes
  • wild rice -  grains of aquatic grass of north america; perennial aquatic grass of north america bearing grain used for food
  • wine bottle -  a bottle for holding wine
  • wine cellar -  storage space where wines are stored
  • wine cooler -  a bucket of ice used to chill a bottle of wine
  • wine merchant -  someone who sells wine
  • wine -  a red as dark as red wine; fermented juice (of grapes especially); verb treat to wine; drink wine
  • winemaker -  someone who makes wine
  • winemaking -  the craft and science of growing grapes and making wine
  • winery -  distillery where wine is made
  • winged bean -  a tuberous twining annual vine bearing clusters of purplish flowers and pods with four jagged wings; old world tropics
  • wink -  closing one eye quickly as a signal; a reflex that closes and opens the eyes rapidly; a very short time (as the time it takes the eye blink or the heart to beat); verb signal by winking; force to go away by blinking; briefly shut the eyes; gleam or glow intermittently
  • winter savory -  resinous leaves used in stews and stuffings and meat loaf; erect perennial subshrub having pink or white flowers and leathery leaves with a flavor of thyme; southern europe
  • wintergreen -  spicy red berrylike fruit; source of wintergreen oil; any of several evergreen perennials of the genus pyrola; creeping shrub of eastern north america having white bell-shaped flowers followed by spicy red berrylike fruit and shiny aromatic leaves that yield wintergreen oil
  • wok -  pan with a convex bottom; used for frying in chinese cooking
  • wolffia -  minute rootless aquatic herbs having globular fronds floating on or near the water surface and bearing one flower per frond
  • wonton -  a soup with won ton dumplings; a chinese dumpling filled with spiced minced pork; usually served in soup
  • wooden spoon -  a spoon made of wood; a booby prize consisting of a spoon made of wood
  • woodruff -  any plant of the genus asperula; old world fragrant stoloniferous perennial having small white flowers and narrow leaves used as flavoring and in sachets; widely cultivated as a ground cover; in some classifications placed in genus asperula
  • worcestershire sauce -  a savory sauce of vinegar and soy sauce and spices
  • wrap -  cloak that is folded or wrapped around a person; a sandwich in which the filling is rolled up in a soft tortilla; the covering (usually paper or cellophane) in which something is wrapped; verb arrange or fold as a cover or protection; wrap or coil around; enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering
  • writer -  writes (books or stories or articles or the like) professionally (for pay); a person who is able to write and has written something
  • xanthosoma -  tropical american tuberous perennials
  • xylopia aethiopica -  tropical west african evergreen tree bearing pungent aromatic seeds used as a condiment and in folk medicine
  • yam -  edible tuberous root of various yam plants of the genus dioscorea grown in the tropics world-wide for food; sweet potato with deep orange flesh that remains moist when baked; any of a number of tropical vines of the genus dioscorea many having edible tuberous roots; edible tuber of any of several yams
  • yazoo -  a river that rises in west central mississippi and flows southwest to empty into the mississippi river above vicksburg
  • yeast -  any of various single-celled fungi that reproduce asexually by budding or division; a commercial leavening agent containing yeast cells; used to raise the dough in making bread and for fermenting beer or whiskey
  • yellowfin tuna -  may reach 400 pounds; worldwide in tropics
  • yellowtail snapper -  superior food fish of the tropical atlantic and caribbean with broad yellow stripe along the sides and on the tail
  • yogurt -  a custard-like food made from curdled milk
  • yolk -  nutritive material of an ovum stored for the nutrition of an embryo (especially the yellow mass of a bird or reptile egg); the yellow spherical part of an egg that is surrounded by the albumen
  • yorkshire pudding -  light puffy bread made of a puff batter and traditionally baked in the pan with roast beef
  • yule log -  large log traditionally burned at christmas
  • zea -  corn
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