Glossary of obesity

From WikiMD

  • Added sugars: These sugars, syrups, and other caloric sweeteners are added when foods are processed or prepared. Added sugars do not include sugars that occur naturally, like fructose in fruit or lactose in milk. Names for added sugars include brown sugar, cane sugar, corn sugar, corn sweetener, corn syrup, dextrose, fructose (when not naturally occurring), fruit juice concentrates, glucose, high-fructose corn syrup, honey, invert sugar, lactose (when not in milk or dairy products), maltose, malt syrup, molasses, raw sugar, sucrose, and turbinado sugar.
  • Adipose tissue: (add-ih-POSE) Fat tissue in the body.

What went wrong with our diet?

Instead of blaming the victim for obesity, or yourself for obesity, it is important to understand what drives the weight gain, such as insulin resistance that affects up to 71 percent of the entire population out of which 35 percent already have metabolic syndrome.

Confusing choices

With over 20,000 books written on this topic with so much misleading information, let a trained practicing weight loss physician, Dr Prab R. Tumpati,MD educate you on the true science and art of obesity medicine.

Why the food pyramid failed?

The now withdrawn and failed food guide pyramid was a disaster as it advocated a low fat, but glycemic diet that leads to increased risk of insulin resistance which in turn causes weight gain.

Metabolic starvation in the obese

Most people that gain weight are not on a mission to gain weight intentionally. It is the paradoxical metabolic starvation that happens in the obese due to insulin resistance with a compensatory increase in the anabolic hormone called insulin that drives weight gain, hunger and metabolic starvation leading to food cravings, and weight gain!

3 things wrong with our diet | How insulin resistance causes weight gain? | Causes of weight gain | Skin tags and insulin resistance | Sugar rush and crash | How to lose weight? | Weight loss information

Ted Talks: Why blaming the obese is blaming the victim?

52 weeks of weight loss and wellness videos

  • Aerobic physical activity: Aerobic (or endurance) physical activities use large muscle groups (back, chest, and legs) to increase heart rate and breathing for an extended period of time. Examples include bicycling, brisk walking, running, and swimming. Federal guidelines recommend that adults get 150 to 300 minutes of aerobic activity a week [see physical activity].
  • Bariatric surgery: (bear-ee-AT-ric) Also known as gastrointestinal surgery or weight-loss surgery, this is surgery on the stomach and/or intestines to help patients with extreme obesity lose weight. Bariatric surgery is a weight-loss method used for people who have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or more. Surgery may also be an option for people with a BMI between 35 and 40 who have health problems related to obesity like heart disease or type 2 diabetes.
  • Body mass index (BMI): BMI is a measure of body weight relative to height. The BMI tool uses a formula that produces a score often used to determine if a person is underweight, at a normal weight, overweight, or obese. For adults, a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 is considered healthy (or "normal"). A person with a BMI of 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight, and a person with a BMI of 30 or more is considered obese. Children grow at different rates at different times, so it is not always easy to tell if a child is overweight. BMI charts for children compare their height and weight to other children of their same sex and age. For children ages 2 to19, those who are at or above the 85th percentile are considered overweight. Those who are at or above the 95th percentile are considered obese.
  • Bone-strengthening activity: A physical activity that promotes the growth and strength of bones. Examples include weight lifting and push-ups.
  • Calorie balance: The balance between calories you get from eating and drinking and those you use up through physical activity and body processes like breathing, digesting food, and, in children, growing.
  • Calorie: (CAL-or-ee) A unit of energy in food. Carbohydrates, fats, protein, and alcohol in the foods and drinks we eat provide food energy or "calories". Carbohydrates and proteins provide 4 calories per gram, fat has 9 calories per gram, and alcohol has 7 calories per gram.
  • Carbohydrate: (kar-bow-HY-drate) A "carb" is a major source of energy for your body. Your digestive system changes carbohydrates into blood glucose (sugar). Your body uses this sugar to make energy for cells, tissues, and organs, and stores any extra sugar in your liver and muscles for when it is needed. If there is more sugar than the body can use, the liver may also break the sugar down further and store it as body fat. There are two kinds of carbohydrates—simple or complex. Simple carbohydrates include sugars that are a part of some foods, like fructose in fruit or lactose in milk, as well as sugars that may be added when foods are processed or prepared [see definition of added sugars]. Complex carbohydrates include those that come from legumes, such as peas or beans, starchy vegetables, and whole grain breads and cereals. Many complex carbohydrates are good sources of fiber.
  • Cholesterol: (ko-LES-te-rol) Cholesterol is a fat-like substance that is made by your body and found naturally in animal foods such as dairy products, eggs, meat, poultry, and seafood. Foods high in cholesterol include dairy fats, egg yolks, and organ meats such as liver. Cholesterol is needed to carry out functions such as hormone and vitamin production. It is carried through the blood by [lipoproteins]. Two types of lipoproteins carry cholesterol in the blood: low-density lipoproteins (LDL, often called "bad cholesterol") and high-density lipoproteins (HDL or "good cholesterol"). When cholesterol levels are too high, some of the cholesterol may stick to the walls of your arteries. This build-up is called plaque. Over time, plaque may narrow your arteries or even block them. High levels of cholesterol in the blood may increase your risk of heart disease.
  • Diabetes: (dye-ah-BEE-teez) A person with this disease has blood glucose, or sugar, levels that are above normal levels. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy. Diabetes occurs when the body does not make enough insulin or does not use the insulin it makes. Over time, having too much sugar in your blood may cause serious problems. It may damage your eyes, kidneys, and nerves, and may cause heart disease and stroke. Regular physical activity, weight control, and healthy eating may help you control your diabetes. You should also follow your health care provider's advice and, when asked to, monitor your blood sugar level and take prescribed medication. [Also see gestational diabetes, type 1 diabetes, and type 2 diabetes.]
  • Diet: What a person eats and drinks. Any type of eating plan.
  • Dietary sodium: Also called "salt", sodium helps your nerves and muscles work properly. Table salt is made up of sodium and chloride. Your kidneys control how much sodium is in your blood, releasing it when needed and flushing out any excess. If too much sodium builds up in your blood, this may raise your blood pressure. High blood pressure is linked to serious health problems. Federal dietary guidelines recommend that most people limit their intake of sodium to less than 2,300 milligrams (mg) a day (less than 1 teaspoon of salt).
  • Energy expenditure: The amount of energy that you use measured in calories. You use calories to breathe, send blood through your blood vessels, digest food, maintain posture, and be physically active.
  • Exercise: A type of physical activity that is planned and structured. Exercise is done on purpose to improve or maintain health, physical fitness, and/or physical performance.
  • Fat: A major source of energy in the diet, fat helps the body absorb fat-soluble vitamins, such as vitamins A, D, E, and K. Some kinds of fats, especially saturated fats and trans fatty acids, may raise blood cholesterol and increase the risk for heart disease. Other fats, such as unsaturated fats, do not raise blood cholesterol. Fats that are in foods are combinations of mo saturated, polyunsaturated, and saturated fatty acids.
  • Flexibility: The range of motion possible at a joint. Flexibility exercises enhance the ability of a joint to move through its full range of motion.
  • Gastrointestinal surgery: (to treat obesity) See bariatric surgery.
  • Gestational diabetes: (jest-AY-shun-ul) (dye-ah-BEE-teez) A type of diabetes that can occur when a woman is pregnant. In the second half of her pregnancy, a woman may have glucose (sugar) in her blood at a level that is higher than normal. In about 95 percent of cases, blood sugar returns to normal after the pregnancy is over. However, women who develop gestational diabetes are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life. [Also see diabetes and type 2 diabetes.]
  • Glucose: (GLU-kos) Glucose is a major source of energy for our bodies and a building block for many carbohydrates [see definition]. The food digestion process breaks down carbohydrates in foods and drinks into glucose. After digestion, glucose is carried in the blood and goes to body cells where it is used for energy or stored.
  • HDL: See high-density lipoprotein.
  • Healthy weight: Healthy weight status is often based on having a body mass index (BMI) that falls in the normal (or healthy) range [see body mass index]. A healthy body weight may lower the chances of developing health problems such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
  • Heart disease: Many different types of heart disease exist. The most common cause of heart disease is narrowing or blockage of the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart. This is called coronary artery disease and happens slowly over time. It's the major reason people have heart attacks. Other kinds of heart problems may happen to the valves in the heart, or the heart may not pump well and cause heart failure.
  • High blood pressure: Your blood pressure rises and falls throughout the day. An optimal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mmHg. When blood pressure stays high—greater than or equal to 140/90 mmHg—you have high blood pressure, also called "hypertension". With high blood pressure, the heart works harder, your arteries take a beating, and your chances of a stroke, heart attack, and kidney problems are greater. Uncontrolled high blood pressure may lead to blindness, heart attacks, heart failure, kidney disease, and stroke. Prehypertension is blood pressure between 120 and 139 for the top number, or between 80 and 89 for the bottom number. If your blood pressure is in the prehypertension range, you may be at risk for high blood pressure unless you take action to prevent it.
  • High-density lipoprotein: (HDL) (lip-o-PRO-teen) HDL is a compound made up of fat and protein that carries cholesterol in the blood to the liver, where it is broken down and excreted. Commonly called "good" cholesterol, high levels of HDL cholesterol are linked to a lower risk of heart disease. Men should aim for an HDL of 40 mg/DL or higher. Women should aim for an HDL of 50 mg/DL or higher.
  • Hydrogenation: (high-dro-jen-AY-shun) A chemical process that turns liquid fats (oils) into solid fats, hydrogenation creates a fat called trans fatty acid (also known as "trans fat"). Trans fats are found in frostings, shortening, some margarines, and some commercial baked foods, like cakes, cookies, muffins, and pastries. Eating trans fats may raise heart disease risk. Federal dietary guidelines dietary guidelines recommend keeping trans fat intakes as low as possible.
  • Hypertension: See high blood pressure.
  • Insulin: (IN-sah-lin) A hormone made by the pancreas, insulin helps move glucose (sugar) from the blood to muscles and other tissues. Insulin controls blood sugar levels.
  • LDL: See low-density lipoprotein.
  • Lactose intolerance: A person with this digestive condition has difficulty digesting foods that have lactose, the sugar found in milk and foods made with milk. If you have lactose intolerance, you may feel sick to your stomach after eating these foods. You may also have gas, diarrhea, and/or swelling in your stomach. Eating less food with lactose or using pills or drops to help you digest lactose usually helps. Aged and hard cheeses, fermented milk products (like yogurt), and lactose-free milk and milk products may be easier to digest. You may need to take a calcium supplement if you avoid milk and foods made with milk because they are the most common source of calcium for most people.
  • Lipoprotein: (lip-o-PRO-teen) A compound made up of fat and protein that carries fats and fat-like substances, such as cholesterol, in the blood. [See also high-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein.]
  • Low-density lipoprotein: (LDL) (lip-o-PRO-teen) LDL is a compound made up of fat and protein that carries cholesterol in the blood from the liver to other parts of the body. High levels of LDL cholesterol, commonly called "bad" cholesterol, cause a buildup of cholesterol in the arteries and increase the risk of heart disease. An LDL level of less than 100 mg/dL is considered optimal, 100 to 129 mg/dL is considered near or above optimal, 130 to 159 mg/dL is considered borderline high, 160 to 189 mg/dL is considered high, and 190 mg/dL or greater is considered very high.
  • Macronutrient: (mac-roh-NOO-tree-ent) A macronutrient is any nutrient that the body uses in relatively large amounts. They include carbohydrates, fat, and proteins. These are different from micronutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, which the body needs in smaller amounts.
  • Metabolic syndrome: (meh-TAB-o-lik SIND-rome) A person with metabolic syndrome has a group of medical problems that, when they occur together, may increase the risk of heart disease and diabetes. These problems are a large waist size, high blood pressure, high blood sugar levels, high levels of triglycerides, and low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
  • Metabolism: (meh-TAB-o-liszm) The process that occurs in the body to turn the food you eat into energy your body can use.
  • Mo saturated fat: (mono-un-SATCH-er-ay-ted) This type of fat is found in avocados, canola oil, nuts, olives and olive oil, and seeds. Eating food that has more mo saturated fat (or "healthy fat") instead of saturated fat (like butter) may help lower cholesterol and reduce heart disease risk. However, mo saturated fat has the same number of calories as other types of fat and may contribute to weight gain if you eat too much of it.
  • Muscle-strengthening: activity A type of physical activity that promotes the growth and strength of muscles. Examples include lifting weights and doing push-ups and sit-ups. Federal guidelines recommend that adults do activities that strengthen muscles at least twice a week.
  • Nutrient dense: Nutrient-dense foods and drinks provide important vitamins and minerals and relatively few calories. The term "nutrient dense" also means that these foods and drinks have not been processed or prepared in a way that added a lot of calories from refined starches, sodium, solid fats, or sugar. Examples include fat-free and low-fat milk products or substitutes; fruits and vegetables; protein sources such as beans and peas, eggs, lean meats, poultry, seafood, and unsalted nuts and seeds; and whole grains.
  • Nutrition: (new-TRISH-un) (1) The process of the body using food to sustain life. (2) The study of food and diet.
  • Obesity: (oh-BEE-si-tee) Obesity refers to excess body fat. Because body fat is usually not measured directly, a ratio of body weight to height is often used instead. It is defined as BMI [see body mass index]. An adult who has a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese.
  • Oils: Fats that are liquid at room temperature, oils come from many different plants and from seafood. Some common oils include canola, corn, olive, peanut, safflower, soybean, and sunflower oils. A number of foods are naturally high in oils, such as avocados, olives, nuts, and some fish. Federal dietary guidelines [found at https://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines encourage Americans to replace solid fats with oils when possible.
  • Overweight: Overweight refers to an excessive amount of body weight that includes muscle, bone, fat, and water. A person who has a body mass index (BMI) of 25 to 29.9 [see body mass index] is considered overweight. It is important to remember that although BMI is related to the amount of body fat, BMI does not directly measure body fat. As a result, some people, such as athletes, may have a BMI that identifies them as overweight even though they do not have excess body fat.
  • Pancreas: (PAN-kree-as) A gland and an organ that makes enzymes to help the body break down and use nutrients in food. The pancreas also produces the hormone insulin and releases it into the bloodstream to help the body control blood sugar levels.
  • Physical activity: Any form of exercise or movement. Physical activity may include planned activities such as walking, running, strength training, basketball, or other sports. Physical activity may also include daily activities such as mowing the lawn, washing the car, taking the stairs instead of the elevator, and walking the dog. Federal guidelines on physical activity recommend that adults get at least 150 minutes (30 minutes a day, 5 days a week) of moderate-intensity physical activity for general health benefits. Adults who wish to lose weight or maintain weight loss may need more physical activity, such as 300 minutes (60 minutes a day, 5 days a week). Children should get at least 60 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity daily.
  • Polyunsaturated fat: (poly-un-SATCH-er-ay-ted) This type of fat is liquid at room temperature. There are two types of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs): omega-6 and omega-3. Omega-6 fatty acids are found in liquid vegetable oils, such as corn oil, safflower oil, and soybean oil. Omega-3 fatty acids come from plant sources—including canola oil, flaxseed, soybean oil, and walnuts—and from fish and shellfish.
  • Portion size: The amount of a food served or eaten in one occasion. A portion is not a standard amount. The amount of food it includes may vary by person and occasion [see serving size].
  • Protein: (PRO-teen) One of the nutrients that provide calories to the body. Protein is an essential nutrient that helps build many parts of the body, including blood, bone, muscle, and skin. Protein provides 4 calories per gram and is found in foods like beans, dairy products, eggs, fish, meat, nuts, poultry, and tofu.
  • Refined grains: Any grain that is not a whole grain is a refined grain. This includes grains and grain products missing the bran, endosperm, and/or germ. Many refined grains are low in fiber and enriched with iron, niacin, riboflavin, and thiamin and fortified with folic acid as required by U.S. regulations. Some examples of refined grain products are white flour, white bread and tortillas, and white rice.
  • Registered Dietitian: (R.D.) A person who has studied diet and nutrition at a college program approved by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly the American Dietetic Association). To become an R.D., a person must complete 900 hours of supervised practical experience accredited by the Commission on the Accreditation for Dietetics Education and must pass an exam.
  • Saturated fat: (SATCH-er-ay-ted) This type of fat is solid at room temperature. Saturated fat is found in full-fat dairy products (like butter, cheese, cream, regular ice cream, and whole milk), coconut oil, lard, palm oil, ready-to-eat meats, and the skin and fat of chicken and turkey, among other foods. Saturated fats have the same number of calories as other types of fat, and may contribute to weight gain if eaten in excess. Eating a diet high in saturated fat also raises blood cholesterol and risk of heart disease.
  • Sedentary: A way of living or lifestyle that requires minimal physical activity and that encourages inactivity through limited choices, disincentives, and/or structural or financial barriers.
  • Serving size: A standard amount of a food, such as a cup or an ounce. * Social Marketing: Using the same marketing principles that are used to sell Products to consumers to “sell” ideas, attitudes, and behaviors. Social marketing is often used to change
  • Solid fats: These types of fats are usually not liquid at room temperature. Solid fats are found in most animal foods but also can be made from vegetable oils through hydrogenation. Some common solid fats in our diet include beef fat, butter, chicken fat, coconut oil, palm oil, pork fat (lard), shortening, and stick margarine. Foods high in solid fats include full-fat (regular) cheese, cream, ice cream, and whole milk; bacon, poultry skin, regular ground beef, sausages, and well-marbled cuts of meats; and many baked goods (such as cookies, crackers, croissants, donuts, and pastries).
  • Stroke: A stroke occurs when blood flow to your brain stops. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. There are two kinds of stroke. The more common kind, called ischemic stroke, is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel in the brain. The other kind, called hemorrhagic stroke, is caused by a blood vessel that breaks and bleeds into the brain. "Mini-strokes", or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), occur when the blood supply to the brain is stopped for a short time.
  • Sugar-sweetened beverages: Drinks that are sweetened with added sugars often add a large number of calories. These beverages include, but are not limited to, energy and sports drinks, fruit drinks, soda, and fruit juices.
  • Trans fatty acids: A type of fat produced when liquid fats (oils) are turned into solid fats through a chemical process called hydrogenation. Eating a large amount of trans fatty acid, or "trans fats", also raises blood cholesterol and risk of heart disease.
  • Triglycerides: (Try-GLIH-ser-ides) A type of fat in your blood, triglycerides can contribute to the hardening and narrowing of your arteries if levels are too high. This puts you at risk of having a heart attack or stroke. Triglycerides are measured along with cholesterol as part of a blood test. Normal triglyceride levels are below 150 mg/dL. Levels above 200 mg/dL are high.
  • Type 1 diabetes: (dye-ah-BEET-eez) Type 1 diabetes is thought to be an autoimmune disorder that attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. (An autoimmune disorder occurs when the body's immune system, which usually helps the body fight diseases, turns against its own tissue.) Type 1 diabetes was known as "insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus", or "juvenile diabetes". Without insulin, the body is not able to use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. To treat the disease, a person must inject insulin, exercise daily, and test blood sugar several times a day.
  • Type 2 diabetes: (dye-ah-BEET-eez) People with type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but either do not make enough insulin or their bodies do not efficiently use the insulin they make. People with type 2 diabetes may be able to control their condition by losing weight through diet and exercise. They may also need to inject insulin or take medicine along with continuing to follow a healthy eating pattern and being physically active on a regular basis. Type 2 diabetes was known as "noninsulin-dependent diabetes" or "adult-onset diabetes" and is the most common form of diabetes. Children and adolescents who are overweight may also be at risk to develop type 2 diabetes.
  • Unsaturated fat: (un-SATCH-er-ay-ted) Unsaturated fats are liquid at room temperature. Vegetable oils are a major source of unsaturated fat in the diet. Unsaturated fats include polyunsaturated fats and mo saturated fats. Other foods, such as avocados, fatty fish like salmon and tuna, most nuts, and olives are good sources of unsaturated fat.
  • Very low-calorie diet: (VLCD) A VLCD is a diet supervised by a health care professional that typically uses commercially prepared formulas to promote rapid weight loss in some patients who are considered to be obese. People on a VLCD consume about 800 calories a day or less.
  • Waist circumference: Excess fat around the waist and a larger waist size increase the risk of health problems linked to obesity. Women with a waist size of more than 35 inches or men with a waist size of more than 40 inches have a higher risk of developing health problems linked to obesity, such as diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure.
  • Weight control: This refers to achieving and maintaining a healthy weight with healthy eating and physical activity
  • Weight-cycling: This refers to losing and gaining weight over and over again.
  • Whole grains: Grains and grain products made from the entire grain seed, usually called the kernel, which consists of the bran, endosperm, and/or germ. If the kernel has been cracked, crushed, or flaked, it must retain nearly the same relative proportions of bran, endosperm, and germ as the original grain in order to be called whole grain. Many, but not all, whole grains are also a source of dietary fiber.
  • abdominal     of or relating to or near the abdomen;    the muscles of the abdomen
  • absorption     (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid;  (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium;  the mental state of being preoccupied by something; complete attention; intense mental effort;  the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion;  the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
  • abuse     a rude expression intended to offend or hurt;  cruel or inhumane treatment;  improper or excessive use;    use wrongly or improperly or excessively;  use foul or abusive language towards; change the inherent purpose or function of something;  treat badly
  • acanthosis nigricans     a skin disease characterized by dark wartlike patches in the body folds; can be benign or malignant
  • acanthosis     an abnormal but benign thickening of the prickle cell layer of the skin (as in psoriasis)
  • acculturation     the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure;  all the knowledge and values shared by a society;  the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
  • accumulation     the act of accumulating;  (finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation;  several things grouped together or considered as a whole;  an increase by natural growth or addition
  • acetate     a salt or ester of acetic acid;  a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
  • achievement     the action of accomplishing something
  • acid     having the characteristics of an acid;  harsh or corrosive in tone;  being sour to the taste;    street name for lysergic acid diethylamide;  any of various water soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
  • acromegaly     enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor)
  • across     transversely;  to the opposite side
  • act     something that people do or cause to happen;  a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body;  a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program;  a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet;  a manifestation of insincerity;    behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself;  pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind;  discharge one's duties;  play a role or part;  perform on a stage or theater;  perform an action, or work out or perform (an action);  be engaged in an activity, often for no particular purpose other than pleasure;  be suitable for theatrical performance;  behave unnaturally or affectedly;  have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected
  • acth     a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • action     something done (usually as opposed to something said);  the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field;  an act by a government body or supranational organization;  the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism;  the trait of being active and energetic and forceful;  the series of events that form a plot;  the state of being active;  a military engagement;  a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong;  a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings);  institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against;  put in effect
  • activating     causing motion or action or change;    the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • activation     making active and effective (as a bomb); stimulation of activity in an organism or chemical;  the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • active     characterized by energetic activity;  engaged in full time work;  full of activity or engaged in continuous activity;  tending to become more severe or wider in scope;  disposed to take action or effectuate change;  (of e.g. volcanos) erupting or liable to erupt;  (of e.g. volcanos) capable of erupting;  expressing action rather than a state of being; used of s (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water');  expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor: "Hemingway favors active constructions";  exerting influence or producing a change or effect;  of the sun; characterized by a high level activity in sunspots and flares and radio emissions;  in operation;  taking part in an activity;  engaged in or ready for military or naval operations;    a person devoted to the active life;  the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the ;  chemical agent capable of activity
  • activity     any specific behavior;  (chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction;  the trait of being active; moving or acting rapidly and energetically;  an organic process that takes place in the body;  a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings);  the state of being active
  • acupuncture     treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
  • adaptation     (physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light);  a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form;  the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  • addiction     (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master;  an abnormally strong craving; being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • adenosine diphosphate     an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
  • adenosine triphosphate     a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
  • adenosine     (biochemistry) a nucleoside that is a structural component of nucleic acids; it is present in all living cells in a combined form as a constituent of DNA and RNA and ADP and ATP and AMP
  • adherence     faithful support for a religion or cause or political party;  the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  • adipose tissue     a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs
  • adipose     composed of animal fat
  • adiposis     the property of excessive fatness
  • adiposity     having the property of containing fat
  • adjustable silicone gastric banding
  • adjustable     capable of being regulated;  capable of being changed so as to match or fit
  • administration     the act of administering medication;  a method of tending to (especially business) matters;  the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something;  the tenure of a president
  • adolescence     in the state that someone is in between puberty and adulthood;  the time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood
  • adp     data processing by a computer;  an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
  • adrenal     of or pertaining to the adrenal glands or their secretions;  near the kidneys;    either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
  • adrenergic blockers causing weight gain
  • adrenergic     relating to epinephrine (its release or action);   drug that has the effects of epinephrine
  • adrenocorticotrophic hormone     a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • adrenocorticotrophic     stimulating or acting on the adrenal cortex
  • adult     (of animals) fully developed;    any mature animal;  a fully developed person from maturity onward
  • advancement     gradual improvement or growth or development;  the act of moving forward toward a goal; encouragement of the progress or growth or acceptance of something
  • adverse     in an opposing direction;  contrary to your interests or welfare
  • aerobic     depending on free oxygen or air;  based on or using the principles of aerobics; enhancing respiratory and circulatory efficiency
  • affective     characterized by emotion
  • african     of or relating to the nations of Africa or their peoples;  a native or inhabitant of Africa
  • after     located farther aft;    behind or in the rear;  happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  • age     how long something has existed;  a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises;  a late time of life;  a prolonged period of time;  an era of history having some distinctive feature;    begin to seem older; get older;  make older;  grow old or older
  • agency for health care policy and research
  • agency     a business that serves other businesses;  an administrative unit of government;  the state of being in action or exerting power;  how a result is obtained or an end is achieved;  the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent
  • aging     growing old;    the organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age;  acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time
  • agouti     agile long legged rabbit sized rodent of Central America and South America and the West Indies; valued as food
  • aids     a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • aim     the action of directing something at an object;  the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable);  an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;  the direction or path along which something moves or along which it lies;    propose or intend;  direct (a remark) toward an intended goal;  aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment;  have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal;  specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public;  move into a desired direction of discourse;  intend (something) to move towards a certain goal
  • air     relating to or characteristic of or occurring in the air;    a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing; medium for radio and television broadcasting;  the region above the ground;  a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of;  once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles);  travel via aircraft;  a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;  the mass of air surrounding the Earth;  a slight wind (usually refreshing);  expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry;  broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television;  be broadcast;  expose to cool or cold air so as to cool or freshen;  make public;  expose to fresh air
  • airway     a commercial enterprise that provides scheduled flights for passengers;  a duct that provides ventilation (as in mines); the passages through which air enters and leaves the body;  a designated route followed by airplanes in flying from one airport to another
  • algorithm     a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
  • alpha melanocyte stimulating hormone
  • alpha     early testing stage of a software or hardware product; first in order of importance;    the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet;  the beginning of a series or sequence
  • alteration     the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment);  the act of revising or altering (involving reconsideration and modification);  an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another
  • altered     changed in form or character without becoming something else;  having testicles or ovaries removed;  changed in order to improve or made more fit for a particular purpose
  • alveolar hypoventilation in laboratory tests
  • alveolar     pertaining to the tiny air sacs of the lungs;  pertaining to the alveolar ridge;    a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • amenorrhea     absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  • american     of or relating to or characteristic of the continents and islands of the Americas;  of or relating to the United States of America or its people or language or culture;    a native or inhabitant of a North American or Central American or South American country;  a native or inhabitant of the United States;  the English language as used in the United States
  • amino     pertaining to or containing any of a group of organic compounds of nitrogen derived from ammonia;    the radical NH2
  • aminophylline     a theophylline derivative that is used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of bronchial asthma, emphysema, and bronchitis
  • amitriptyline     a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
  • amylase     any of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants; help convert starch to sugar
  • anaerobic     living or active in the absence of free oxygen;  not aerobic
  • analysis grid for environments linked to obesity
  • analysis     an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole;  the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations;  a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation;  a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed;  the use of closed class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father';  a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
  • anatomic     of or relating to the structure of the body;  of or relating to the branch of morphology that studies the structure of organisms
  • animal     of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals;  marked by the appetites and passions of the body;    a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • anonymous     having no known name or identity or known source;  not known or lacking marked individuality
  • anorectic drugs and pharmacokinetics
  • anorectic     causing loss of appetite;  suffering from anorexia nervosa; pathologically thin;    a person suffering from anorexia nervosa
  • anorexia nervosa     (psychiatry) a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
  • anorexia     a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
  • anorexigenic     causing loss of appetite
  • antagonist     a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug;  a muscle that relaxes while another contracts; someone who offers opposition
  • anthropometric measurement of methods
  • anthropometric     of or relating to anthropometry
  • anticonvulsants causing weight gain
  • antidepressant     any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects
  • antidiabetic drugs causing weight gain
  • antidiabetic     a drug used to treat diabetes mellitus
  • antiepileptic     a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
  • antigen     any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
  • antihistamines causing weight gain
  • antihypertensive     a drug that reduces high blood pressure
  • antipsychotic     tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
  • antipsychotics causing weight gain
  • apnea     transient cessation of respiration
  • appetite     a feeling of craving something
  • approach     the act of drawing spatially closer to something;  a relatively short golf shot intended to put the ball onto the putting green;  ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation; a close approximation;  the temporal property of becoming nearer in time;  the event of one object coming closer to another;  a way of entering or leaving;  a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others;  the final path followed by an aircraft as it is landing;    make advances to someone, usually with a proposal or suggestion;  come near in time;  move towards;  begin to deal with; come near or verge on, resemble, come nearer in quality, or character
  • ar     a state in south central United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War;  a unit of surface area equal to 100 square meters;  a colorless and odorless inert gas; one of the six inert gases; comprises approximately 1% of the earth's atmosphere
  • area     a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function;  the extent of a 2 dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary;  a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve;  a subject of study;  a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography);  a particular environment or walk of life
  • around     in circumference;  by a circular or circuitous route;  in a circle or circular motion;  to a particular destination either specified or understood;  (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct;  in the area or vicinity;  from beginning to end; throughout;  all around or on all sides;  in or to a reversed position or direction;  to or among many different places or in no particular direction
  • artery     a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic;  a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  • as     to the same degree (often followed by `as');    a United States territory on the eastern part of the island of Samoa;  a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
  • asia pacific task force obesity classification
  • asia     the nations of the Asian continent collectively;  the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
  • aspirin     the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • assessment     the market value set on assets;  an amount determined as payable;  the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event;  the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
  • association     the act of consorting with or joining with others; the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination;  (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species;  a formal organization of people or groups of people;  (chemistry) any process of combination (especially in solution) that depends on relatively weak chemical bonding;  a relation resulting from interaction or dependence;  the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination;  a social or business relationship
  • asthma     respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • at rest     in a state of repose or especially sleep;  dead
  • at     100 at equal 1 kip in Laos;  a highly unstable radioactive element (the heaviest of the halogen series); a decay product of uranium and thorium
  • atenolol     an oral beta blocker (trade name Tenormin) used in treating hypertension and angina; has adverse side effects (depression and exacerbation of congestive heart failure etc.)
  • atherosclerosis     a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
  • atherosclerotic     of or relating to atherosclerosis
  • atomic     immeasurably small;  of or relating to or comprising atoms;  (weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy
  • atp iii report on elevated ldl cholesterol management
  • atp     a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
  • attributable    capable of being attributed
  • audience    a gathering of spectators or listeners at a (usually public) performance;  the part of the general public interested in a source of information or entertainment;  a conference (usually with someone important);  an opportunity to state your case and be heard
  • australian    of or relating to or characteristic of Australia or its inhabitants;   the Austronesian languages spoken by Australian aborigines;  a native or inhabitant of Australia
  • availability    the quality of being at hand when needed
  • available    obtainable or accessible and ready for use or service;  convenient for use or disposal;  not busy; not otherwise committed
  • average    lacking special distinction, rank, or status; commonly encountered;  around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical measures;  approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value;  lacking exceptional quality or ability;  relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values); relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution;  a statistic describing the location of a distribution;  compute the average of;  achieve or reach on average;  amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain
  • awake    not in a state of sleep; completely conscious;  (usually followed by `to') showing acute awareness; mentally perceptive;  not unconscious; especially having become conscious;   stop sleeping
  • away    (of a baseball pitch) on the far side of home plate from the batter;  used of an opponent's ground;  not present; having left;  from a particular thing or place or position (`forth' is obsolete); from one's possession;  out of existence;  indicating continuing action; continuously or steadily;  in a different direction;  in or into a proper place (especially for storage or safekeeping);  so as to be removed or gotten rid of;  freely or at will;  in reserve; not for immediate use;  out of the way (especially away from one's thoughts);  at a distance in space or time
  • axis    the center around which something rotates;  the 2nd cervical vertebra; serves as a pivot for turning the head;  a straight line through a body or figure that satisfies certain conditions;  in World War II the alliance of Germany and Italy in 1936 which later included Japan and other nations;  the main stem or central part about which plant organs or plant parts such as branches are arranged;  a group of countries in special alliance
  • baby    a project of personal concern to someone;  a very young mammal;  (slang) sometimes used as a term of address for attractive young women;  the youngest member of a group (not necessarily young);  a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk;  an immature childish person;   treat with excessive indulgence
  • balance    a scale for weighing; depends on pull of gravity; equality between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account;  the difference between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account;  equality of distribution;  a state of equilibrium;  a wheel that regulates the rate of movement in a machine; especially a wheel oscillating against the hairspring of a timepiece to regulate its beat;  a weight that balances another weight;  (mathematics) an attribute of a shape or relation; exact reflection of form on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane;  harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design);  the seventh sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about September 23 to October 22;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Libra;  something left after other parts have been taken away;  compute credits and debits of an account;  bring into balance or equilibrium;  be in equilibrium;  hold or carry in equilibrium
  • balloon    large tough nonrigid bag filled with gas or heated air; small thin inflatable rubber bag with narrow neck;   become inflated;  ride in a hot air balloon
  • band    a thin flat strip of flexible material that is worn around the body or one of the limbs (especially to decorate the body);  an adornment consisting of a strip of a contrasting color or material;  a restraint put around something to hold it together;  a strip of material attached to the leg of a bird to identify it (as in studies of bird migration);  a thin flat strip or loop of flexible material that goes around or over something else;  a stripe or stripes of contrasting color;  a range of frequencies between two limits;  instrumentalists not including string players;  jewelry consisting of a circlet of precious metal (often set with jewels) worn on the finger;  a cord like tissue connecting two larger parts of an anatomical structure;  an unofficial association of people or groups;  a group of musicians playing popular music for dancing;   bind or tie together, as with a band; attach a ring to the foot of, in order to identify
  • banded    identified with a band especially around a leg; characterized by a band of especially white around the body; marked with bands or strips of contrasting color or texture
  • banding    an adornment consisting of a strip of a contrasting color or material;  a stripe or stripes of contrasting color
  • barker    someone who stands in front of a show (as at a carnival) and gives a loud colorful sales talk to potential customers; informal terms for dogs
  • basal metabolic rate    the rate at which heat is produced by an individual in a resting state
  • basal    of primary importance;  serving as or forming a base; especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root like stem
  • basic    of or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base; serving as a base or starting point;  pertaining to or constituting a base or basis;  reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality;   (usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant;  a popular programming language that is relatively easy to learn; an acronym for beginner's all purpose symbolic instruction code; no longer in general use
  • bat    (baseball) a turn trying to get a hit;  nocturnal mouselike mammal with forelimbs modified to form membranous wings and anatomical adaptations for echolocation by which they navigate;  a club used for hitting a ball in various games;  the club used in playing cricket;  a small racket with a long handle used for playing squash;  wink briefly;  strike with, or as if with a baseball bat;  use a bat; have a turn at bat;  beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight
  • before    earlier in time; previously;  at or in the front
  • behavior therapy    psychotherapy that seeks to extinguish or inhibit abnormal or maladaptive behavior by reinforcing desired behavior and extinguishing undesired behavior
  • behavior    manner of acting or controlling yourself; (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation;  the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances;  (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
  • behavioral    of or relating to behavior
  • benefit    something that aids or promotes well being;  a performance to raise money for a charitable cause;  financial assistance in time of need;   be beneficial for;  derive a benefit from
  • benzocaine    a white crystalline ester used as a local anesthetic
  • benzodiazepine    any of several similar lipophilic amines used as tranquilizers or sedatives or hypnotics or muscle relaxants; chronic use can lead to dependency
  • beta adrenergic blockers causing weight gain
  • beta adrenoceptor    receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasodilation and increased heart beat)
  • bias    slanting diagonally across the grain of a fabric;   a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation;  a line or cut across a fabric that is not at right angles to a side of the fabric;   cause to be biased;  influence in an unfair way
  • biceps    any skeletal muscle having two origins (but especially the muscle that flexes the forearm)
  • bilateral    having two sides or parts;  affecting or undertaken by two parties;  having identical parts on each side of an axis
  • bile    a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
  • biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch
  • binding    causing constipation;  hindering freedom of movement;  executed with proper legal authority;   the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book;  strip sewn over or along an edge for reinforcement or decoration;  the capacity to attract and hold something;  the act of applying a bandage
  • binge    an occasion for excessive eating or drinking;  any act of immoderate indulgence;   overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself
  • biochemical    of or relating to biochemistry; involving chemical processes in living organisms
  • biological    of parents and children; related by blood;  pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • birth    the event of being born;  the time when something begins (especially life);  the process of giving birth;  the kinship relation of an offspring to the parents;   cause_to_be_born
  • bitter orange    highly acidic orange used especially in marmalade;  any of various common orange trees yielding sour or bitter fruit; used as grafting stock
  • bitter    proceeding from or exhibiting great hostility or animosity; expressive of severe grief or regret;  one of the four basic taste sensations; sharp and disagreeable; like the taste of quinine;  very difficult to accept or bear;  marked by strong resentment or cynicism; causing a sharply painful or stinging sensation; used especially of cold;  harsh or corrosive in tone;   extremely and sharply;  the taste experience when quinine or coffee is taken into the mouth; English term for a dry sharp tasting ale with strong flavor of hops (usually on draft);  the property of having a harsh unpleasant taste;  make bitter
  • black tea    fermented tea leaves
  • black    marked by anger or resentment or hostility;  of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub Saharan African origin;  extremely dark;  being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light;  (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood;  soiled with dirt or soot;  dressed in black;  (of coffee) without cream or sugar;  (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin; stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable; (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame;  offering little or no hope;  (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading;  harshly ironic or sinister;  distributed or sold illicitly;   black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning);  (board games) the darker pieces;  the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white);  a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa);  popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928);  British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728 1799);  total absence of light;   make or become black
  • blood pressure    the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels; results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart; sometimes measured for a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • blood    temperament or disposition;  the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart;  people viewed as members of a group;  the descendants of one individual;  a dissolute man in fashionable society;   smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
  • bmr    the rate at which heat is produced by an individual in a resting state
  • bod    alternative names for the body of a human being
  • body temperature    temperature of the body; normally 98.6 F or 37 C in humans; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • body weight    the weight of a person's body
  • body    the external structure of a vehicle;  the entire structure of an organism (especially an animal or human being);  a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person;  the central message of a communication;  a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity;  a collection of particulars considered as a system;  an individual 3 dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; the property of holding together and retaining its shape;  the body excluding the head and neck and limbs;   invest with or as with a body; give body to
  • bone    consisting of or made up of bone;   a shade of white the color of bleached bones;  rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates;  the porous calcified substance from which bones are made;   remove the bones from;  study intensively, as before an exam
  • borderline    of questionable or minimal quality;   a line that indicates a boundary
  • brain    that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord;  mental ability;  the brain of certain animals used as meat;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality;   kill by smashing someone's skull;  hit on the head
  • breast feeding    nourishing at the breast
  • breathing    passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally; sometimes used in combination;   the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation
  • bronchial    relating to or associated with the bronchi
  • brown    (of skin) deeply suntanned;  of a color similar to that of wood or earth;   an orange of low brightness and saturation; abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800 1858);  Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773 1858);  a university in Rhode Island;   fry in a pan until it changes color
  • built    (used of soaps or cleaning agents) having a substance (an abrasive or filler) added to increase effectiveness;  well or attractively formed with respect to physique;  formed by fitting or joining components together
  • burger    United States jurist appointed chief justice of the United States Supreme Court by Richard Nixon (1907 1995);  a sandwich consisting of a fried cake of minced beef served on a bun, often with other ingredients
  • buttocks    the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
  • butyrophenones causing weight gain
  • by    so as to pass a given point;  in reserve; not for immediate use
  • calcium    a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • caloric    of or relating to calories in food;  relating to or associated with heat
  • calorie    unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure;  a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree at one atmosphere pressure; used by nutritionists to characterize the energy producing potential in food
  • camelia    any of several shrubs or small evergreen trees having solitary white or pink or reddish flowers
  • camp responsive element binding protein
  • cancer    type genus of the family Cancridae;  the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22;  a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer;  any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
  • candidate    someone who is considered for something (for an office or prize or honor etc.);  a politician who is running for public office
  • capacity    a specified function;  the maximum production possible;  tolerance for alcohol;  ability to perform or produce;  the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability to understand the facts and significance of your behavior;  (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive; the amount that can be contained;  an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored;  the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment
  • capsaicin    colorless pungent crystalline compound derived from capsicum; source of the hotness of hot peppers of the genus Capsicum such as chili and cayenne and jalapeno
  • captopril    a drug (trade name Capoten) that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidneys resulting in vasodilation; used in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure
  • carbohydrate    an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
  • carbon    a copy made with carbon paper;  an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds;  a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
  • cardiac    of or relating to the heart
  • cardiovascular disease    a disease of the heart or blood vessels
  • cardiovascular    of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels
  • carpenter    a woodworker who makes or repairs wooden objects;   work as a carpenter
  • cart    a heavy open wagon usually having two wheels and drawn by an animal;  wheeled vehicle that can be pushed by a person; may have one or two or four wheels;   transport something in a cart;  draw slowly or heavily
  • cascade    a succession of stages or operations or processes or units;  a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls;  a sudden downpour (as of tears or sparks etc) likened to a rain shower;  arrange (open windows) on a computer desktop so that they overlap each other, with the title bars visible;  rush down in big quantities, like a cascade
  • causing    the act of causing something to happen
  • cell    (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals;  a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction;  a room where a prisoner is kept;  small room is which a monk or nun lives;  any small compartment;  a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement;  a hand held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short range transmitter/receiver
  • cellular    characterized by or divided into or containing cells or compartments (the smallest organizational or structural unit of an organism or organization);  relating to cells
  • cellulite    lumpy deposits of body fat especially on women's thighs etc.
  • central    in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area;  centrally located and easy to reach;  used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place;  serving as an essential component;   a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • centralization    gathering to a center;  the act of consolidating power under a central control
  • centrally    in or near or toward a center or according to a central role or function
  • cerebrovascular    of or relating to the brain and the blood vessels that supply it
  • chain    a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament;  a necklace made by a stringing objects together;  anything that acts as a restraint;  a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership;  a series of things depending on each other as if linked together;  (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule);  British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906 1979);  a unit of length;  a series of hills or mountains;   fasten or secure with chains;  connect or arrange into a chain by linking
  • change    the action of changing something;  a different or fresh set of clothes;  a thing that is different;  an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another;  the result of alteration or modification;  money received in return for its equivalent in a larger denomination or a different currency;  the balance of money received when the amount you tender is greater than the amount due;  coins of small denomination regarded collectively;  a relational difference between states; especially between states before and after some event;  a difference that is usually pleasant;  undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature;  make or become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence;  cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category;  remove or replace the coverings of;  change clothes; put on different clothes;  lay aside, abandon, or leave for another; become deeper in tone;  change from one vehicle or transportation line to another;  give to, and receive from, one another
  • changing    marked by continuous change or effective action
  • chart    a map designed to assist navigation by air or sea;  a visual display of information;   plan in detail;  make a chart of; represent by means of a graph
  • cheek    either side of the face below the eyes;  impudent aggressiveness;  either of the two large fleshy masses of muscular tissue that form the human rump;  an impudent statement;  speak impudently to
  • childhood    the state of a child between infancy and adolescence;  the time of person's life when they are a child
  • chili pepper    very hot and finely tapering pepper of special pungency;  plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
  • chili    very hot and finely tapering pepper of special pungency; ground beef and chili peppers or chili powder often with tomatoes and kidney beans
  • chipmunk    a burrowing ground squirrel of western America and Asia; has cheek pouches and a light and dark stripe running down the body
  • chlordiazepoxide    a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
  • chlorpromazine    a drug (trade name Thorazine) derived from phenothiazine that has antipsychotic effects and is used as a sedative and tranquilizer
  • choice    of superior grade;  appealing to refined taste;   the act of choosing or selecting;  the person or thing chosen or selected; one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  • cholecystectomy    surgical removal of the gall bladder (usually for relief of gallstone pain)
  • cholelithiasis    the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • cholesterol    an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues
  • chorionic    of or relating to a chorion
  • chromium    a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • chronically    in a slowly developing and long lasting manner;  in a habitual and longstanding manner
  • cigarette    finely ground tobacco wrapped in paper; for smoking
  • circuit    an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow;  (law) a judicial division of a state or the United States (so called because originally judges traveled and held court in different locations); one of the twelve groups of states in the United States that is covered by a particular circuit court of appeals;  an established itinerary of venues or events that a particular group of people travel to;  movement once around a course;  a journey or route all the way around a particular place or area;  a racetrack for automobile races;   make a circuit
  • circumference    the size of something as given by the distance around it;  the length of the closed curve of a circle;  the boundary line encompassing an area or object
  • citrus aurantium    any of various common orange trees yielding sour or bitter fruit; used as grafting stock
  • citrus    any of numerous fruits of the genus Citrus having thick rind and juicy pulp; grown in warm regions;  any of numerous tropical usually thorny evergreen trees of the genus Citrus having leathery evergreen leaves and widely cultivated for their juicy edible fruits having leathery aromatic rinds
  • cl    a metric unit of volume equal to one hundredth of a liter;  a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
  • classification    restriction imposed by the government on documents or weapons that are available only to certain authorized people;  the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories;  a group of people or things arranged by class or category;  the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type
  • clinical    scientifically detached; unemotional;  relating to a clinic or conducted in or as if in a clinic and depending on direct observation of patients
  • clonidine    an antihypertensive (trade name Catapres) that can be administered orally or via transdermal patches
  • clothing    a covering designed to be worn on a person's body
  • clover    a plant of the genus Trifolium
  • clozapine    an antipsychotic drug (trade name Clozaril) used as a sedative and for treatment resistant schizophrenia; know to have few side effects
  • cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript
  • cocaine    a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
  • cognitive behavioral psychotherapy
  • cold    lacking the warmth of life;  of a seeker; far from the object sought;  unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication;  feeling or showing no enthusiasm;  having lost freshness through passage of time;  used of physical coldness; having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration;  extended meanings; especially of psychological coldness; without human warmth or emotion;  without compunction or human feeling;  sexually unresponsive;  so intense as to be almost uncontrollable;  no longer new; uninteresting;  marked by errorless familiarity;  (color) giving no sensation of warmth;   the sensation produced by low temperatures;  a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs);  the absence of heat
  • collation    careful examination and comparison to note points of disagreement;  assembling in proper numerical or logical sequence;  a light informal meal
  • combination    the act of combining things to form a new whole;  the act of arranging elements into specified groups without regard to order;  a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities;  an alliance of people or corporations or countries for a special purpose (formerly to achieve some antisocial end but now for general political or economic purposes);  a group of people (often temporary) having a common purpose;  a sequence of numbers or letters that opens a combination lock;  a coordinated sequence of chess moves
  • combined gastric and intestinal operations
  • combined    made or joined or united into one;  involving the joint activity of two or more
  • commitment    the official act of consigning a person to confinement (as in a prison or mental hospital);  the act of binding yourself (intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action;  an engagement by contract involving financial obligation;  a message that makes a pledge;  the trait of sincere and steadfast fixity of purpose
  • common    having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual;  belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public;  commonly encountered;  being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language;  of or associated with the great masses of people;  to be expected; standard;  common to or shared by two or more parties; lacking refinement or cultivation or taste;  of low or inferior quality or value;   a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
  • communication    something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups;  the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information;  a connection allowing access between persons or places
  • community and political commitment
  • community    (ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other;  a group of people living in a particular local area;  a group of people having ethnic or cultural or religious characteristics in common;  a group of nations having common interests;  common ownership;  agreement as to goals;  the body of people in a learned occupation;  a district where people live; occupied primarily by private residences
  • comparative    having significance only in relation to something else;  relating to or based on or involving comparison;   the comparative form of an adjective
  • competence    the quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually
  • competitive    showing a fighting disposition;  subscribing to capitalistic competition;  involving competition or competitiveness
  • compliance    happy friendly agreement;  the act of submitting; usually surrendering power to another;  acting according to certain accepted standards;  a disposition or tendency to yield to the will of others
  • composition    something that is created by arranging several things to form a unified whole;  the spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole;  an essay (especially one written as an assignment);  a mixture of ingredients;  the act of creating written works;  musical creation;  the way in which someone or something is composed;  art and technique of printing with movable type;  a musical work that has been created
  • computerized tomography    a method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross sectional scans along a single axis
  • computerized    stored, processed, analyzed, or generated by computer
  • concentration    strengthening the amount of a substance in a unit amount of another substance (as of a solute in a mixture) by removing the other substance;  bringing together military forces; (chemistry) the strength of a solution; number of molecules of a substance in a given volume (expressed as moles/cubic meter);  the spatial property of being crowded together;  complete attention; intense mental effort;  increase in density;  great and constant diligence and attention
  • conceptualization    inventing or contriving an idea or explanation and formulating it mentally;  an elaborated concept
  • congenital    present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • conjugated    of an organic compound; containing two or more double bonds each separated from the other by a single bond; formed by the union of two compounds;  joined together especially in a pair or pairs
  • consumption    the act of consuming something;  the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating); (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing;  involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  • contact    close interaction;  the act of touching physically; (electronics) a junction where things (as two electrical conductors) touch or are in physical contact;  a thin curved glass or plastic lens designed to fit over the cornea in order to correct vision or to deliver medication;  a communicative interaction;  the physical coming together of two or more things;  a person who is in a position to give you special assistance;  the state or condition of touching or of being in immediate proximity;  a channel for communication between groups;   be in or establish communication with;  be in direct physical contact with; make contact
  • content    satisfied or showing satisfaction with things as they are;   the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned;  everything that is included in a collection;  the proportion of a substance that is contained in a mixture or alloy etc.;  something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation;  what a communication that is about something is about;  the amount that can be contained;  the state of being contented with your situation in life;   satisfy in a limited way;  make content
  • context    discourse that surrounds a language unit and helps to determine its interpretation;  the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event
  • contingency    the state of being contingent on something;  a possible event or occurrence or result
  • continuous positive airway pressure
  • continuous    continuing in time or space without interruption;  of a function or curve; extending without break or irregularity
  • control    the activity of managing or exerting control over something;  (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc;  a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine;  power to direct or determine;  the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.;  a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance;  a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another;  discipline in personal and social activities;  great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity;  a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment;  the state that exists when one person or group has power over another;  verify by using a duplicate register for comparison;  exercise authoritative control or power over;  lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits;  verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard, of scientific experiments;  have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of;  be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;  handle and cause to function;  control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage
  • controlled    restrained or managed or kept within certain bounds;  curbed or regulated
  • conventionally    in a conventional manner
  • copyright    a document granting exclusive right to publish and sell literary or musical or artistic work;   secure a copyright on a written work
  • cord    a line made of twisted fibers or threads;  a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton;  a light insulated conductor for household use;  a unit of amount of wood cut for burning; 128 cubic feet;   bind or tie with a cord;  stack in cords
  • core    a bar of magnetic material (as soft iron) that passes through a coil and serves to increase the inductance of the coil;  the chamber of a nuclear reactor containing the fissile material where the reaction takes place;  a small group of indispensable persons or things;  the center of an object;  the central part of the Earth;  a cylindrical sample of soil or rock obtained with a hollow drill;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work;  an organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality;   remove the core or center from
  • coronary artery atherosclerosis and
  • coronary artery disease    a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • coronary    surrounding like a crown (especially of the blood vessels surrounding the heart);   obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  • cortisol    an adrenal cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • cortisone    a corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone
  • cost    the total spent for goods or services including money and time and labor;  the property of having material worth (often indicated by the amount of money something would bring if sold); value measured by what must be given or done or undergone to obtain something;   require to lose, suffer, or sacrifice;  be priced at
  • costs    pecuniary reimbursement to the winning party for the expenses of litigation
  • counseling    something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
  • counting    the act of counting
  • coverage    the extent to which something is covered;  the news as presented by reporters for newspapers or radio or television;  the total amount and type of insurance carried
  • cr    a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • creatine phosphate    an organic compound of creatine and phosphoric acid; found in the muscles of vertebrates where its hydrolysis releases energy for muscular contraction
  • creatine    an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates both in the free form and as phosphocreatine; supplies energy for muscle contraction
  • cross sectional    of or relating to a cross section;  representing a plane made by cutting across something at right angles to its length
  • ct    a method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross sectional scans along a single axis;  a New England state; one of the original 13 colonies
  • cultural differences and treatment
  • cultural    denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people;  relating to the raising of plants or animals;  of or relating to the shared knowledge and values of a society;  of or relating to the arts and manners that a group favors
  • culture    the raising of plants or animals;  (biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar); the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group;  the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization;  a particular society at a particular time and place;  all the knowledge and values shared by a society;  a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality
  • current    occurring in or belonging to the present time;   a steady flow (usually from natural causes);  a flow of electricity through a conductor;  dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas
  • cushing    United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869 1939)
  • cut off    detached by cutting;   remove by or as if by cutting; cut off and stop;  cease, stop;  make a break in;  remove surgically; break a small piece off from
  • cycling    the sport of traveling on a bicycle or motorcycle
  • cyproheptadine    an antihistamine (trade name Periactin) used to treat some allergic reactions
  • cytokine    any of various proteins secreted by cells of the immune system that serve to regulate the immune system
  • data    a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
  • dawn    the earliest period;  the first light of day;  an opening time period;   become light;  appear or develop;  become clear or enter one's consciousness or emotions
  • daytime    the time after sunrise and before sunset while it is light outside
  • dealing    method or manner of conduct in relation to others; the act of transacting within or between groups (as carrying on commercial activities)
  • death    the act of killing;  the event of dying or departure from life;  the personification of death;  the permanent end of all life functions in an organism or part of an organism;  the absence of life or state of being dead;  the time at which life ends; continuing until dead;  the time when something ends;  a final state
  • decreasing    becoming less or smaller;  music
  • deep    exhibiting great cunning usually with secrecy;  strong; intense;  very distant in time or space;  having great spatial extension or penetration downward or inward from an outer surface or backward or laterally or outward from a center; sometimes used in combination;  relatively deep or strong; affecting one deeply;  with head or back bent low;  large in quantity or size;  extreme;  marked by depth of thinking;  relatively thick from top to bottom;  extending relatively far inward;  difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledge;  of an obscure nature; having or denoting a low vocal or instrumental range;  (of darkness) very intense;   to far into space;  to an advanced time;  to a great depth;   literary term for an ocean;  the central and most intense or profound part;  a long steep sided depression in the ocean floor
  • defective    markedly subnormal in structure or function or intelligence or behavior;  having a defect;  not working properly
  • deficiency    lack of an adequate quantity or number;  the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  • defined    clearly characterized or delimited;  clearly defined; showing clearly the outline or profile or boundary
  • definition    clarity of outline;  a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase or symbol
  • deformity    an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed;  an appearance that has been spoiled or is misshapen
  • deletion    the act of deleting something written or printed;  the omission that is made when an editorial change shortens a written passage;  (genetics) the loss or absence of one or more nucleotides from a chromosome;  any process whereby sounds are left out of spoken words or phrases
  • delhi    a city in north central India
  • demographic structure of populations
  • demographic    of or relating to demography;   a statistic characterizing human populations (or segments of human populations broken down by age or sex or income etc.)
  • denmark    a constitutional monarchy in northern Europe; consists of the mainland of Jutland and many islands between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea
  • dense    slow to learn or understand; lacking intellectual acuity; having high relative density or specific gravity;  hard to pass through because of dense growth;  permitting little if any light to pass through because of denseness of matter;  having component parts closely crowded together
  • density    the amount per unit size;  the spatial property of being crowded together
  • dependency    a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country;  lack of independence or self sufficiency;  being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • deposition    the act of deposing someone; removing a powerful person from a position or office;  (law) a pretrial interrogation of a witness; usually conducted in a lawyer's office;  the natural process of laying down a deposit of something;  the act of putting something somewhere
  • depot    a depository for goods;  station where transport vehicles load or unload passengers or goods
  • depression    pushing down;  sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy;  angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object);  a concavity in a surface produced by pressing;  a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity;  a long term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment;  a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment;  a sunken or depressed geological formation;  a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention;  an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
  • design    the act of working out the form of something (as by making a sketch or outline or plan);  a decorative or artistic work;  a preliminary sketch indicating the plan for something;  an arrangement scheme;  the creation of something in the mind;  something intended as a guide for making something else;  an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;   intend or have as a purpose;  design something for a specific role or purpose or effect;  conceive or fashion in the mind; invent;  make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form;  create the design for; create or execute in an artistic or highly skilled manner;  create designs;  make or work out a plan for; devise
  • detection    the act of detecting something; catching sight of something;  a police investigation to determine the perpetrator;  the perception that something has occurred or some state exists;  the detection that a signal is being received
  • developing    relating to societies in which capital needed to industrialize is in short supply;  gradually unfolding or growing (especially as of something latent);  making or becoming visible through or as if through the action of a chemical agent;  processing a photosensitive material in order to make an image visible
  • development    act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining;  (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated;  a recent event that has some relevance for the present situation;  a district that has been developed to serve some purpose;  processing a photosensitive material in order to make an image visible;  a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage);  a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess);  the act of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful;  (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • dexamethasone    a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
  • diabetes drugs causing weight gain
  • diabetes    any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
  • diameter    the length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference;  a straight line connecting the center of a circle with two points on its perimeter (or the center of a sphere with two points on its surface)
  • diastolic    of or relating to a diastole or happening during a diastole
  • diazepam    a tranquilizer (trade name Valium) used to relieve anxiety and relax muscles; acts by enhancing the inhibitory actions of the neurotransmitter GABA; can also be used as an anticonvulsant drug in cases of nerve agent poisoning
  • diet    the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods);  the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal);  a prescribed selection of foods;  a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan);   eat sparingly, for health reasons or to lose weight;  follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons
  • dieting    the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods)
  • differentiation    the mathematical process of obtaining the derivative of a function;  a discrimination between things as different and distinct;  (biology) the structural adaptation of some body part for a particular function
  • digestion    learning and coming to understand ideas and information;  the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body;  the process of decomposing organic matter (as in sewage) by bacteria or by chemical action or heat
  • diphenhydramine    antihistamine (trade name Benadryl) used to treat allergic reactions involving the nasal passages (hay fever) and also to treat motion sickness
  • disabled    markedly unable to function as a consequence of injury or illness;  so badly injured as to be excused from continuing;  people collectively who are crippled or otherwise physically handicapped
  • discrimination    unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice;  the cognitive process whereby two or more stimuli are distinguished
  • disease    an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • disorder    a disturbance of the peace or of public order; condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning;  a condition in which things are not in their expected places;   bring disorder to;  disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
  • displacement    act of removing from office or employment;  to move something from its natural environment;  (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that transfers affect or reaction from the original object to some more acceptable one;  (chemistry) a reaction in which an elementary substance displaces and sets free a constituent element from a compound;  act of taking the place of another especially using underhanded tactics;  the act of uniform movement; an event in which something is displaced without rotation
  • distal    situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone;  directed away from the midline or mesial plane of the body
  • distribution    the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning;  the commercial activity of transporting and selling goods from a producer to a consumer;  the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume;  (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
  • dit    the shorter of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code
  • diversion    a turning aside (of your course or attention or concern);  an activity that diverts or amuses or stimulates;  an attack calculated to draw enemy defense away from the point of the principal attack
  • dopamine    a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension
  • double    having two meanings with intent to deceive;  large enough for two;  twice as great or many;  consisting of or involving two parts or components usually in pairs;  having more than one decidedly dissimilar aspects or qualities;  used of flowers having more than the usual number of petals in crowded or overlapping arrangements;  used of homologous chromosomes associated in pairs in synapsis;   two together;  downward and forward;  to double the degree;   a base hit on which the batter stops safely at second base;  a quantity that is twice as great as another; someone who closely resembles a famous person (especially an actor);  a stand in for movie stars to perform dangerous stunts; raising the stakes in a card game by a factor of 2;   increase twofold;  hit a two base hit;  do double duty; serve two purposes or have two functions;  bridge: make a demand for (a card or suit); make or do or perform again;  bend over or curl up, usually with laughter or pain
  • doubly    to double the degree;  in a twofold manner
  • drive    the act of applying force to propel something;  a journey in a vehicle (usually an automobile);  the act of driving a herd of animals overland;  (sports) a hard straight return (as in tennis or squash);  hitting a golf ball off of a tee with a driver;  a wide scenic road planted with trees;  a mechanism by which force or power is transmitted in a machine;  (computer science) a device that writes data onto or reads data from a storage medium;  the trait of being highly motivated;  a physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire;  a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end;  a road leading up to a private house;  move into a desired direction of discourse;  hunting: chase from cover into more open ground;  hunting: search for game;  cause to function by supplying the force or power for or by controlling; excavate horizontally;  hit very hard and straight with the bat swinging more or less vertically;  strike with a driver, as in teeing off; cause to move rapidly by striking or throwing with force;  push, propel, or press with force;  compel somebody to do something, often against his own will or judgment;  travel or be transported in a vehicle;  proceed along in a vehicle;  operate or control a vehicle; urge forward;  cause someone or something to move by driving; move by being propelled by a force;  work as a driver;  to compel or force or urge relentlessly or exert coercive pressure on, or motivate strongly;  have certain properties when driven;  cause to move back by force or influence;  force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;  strive and make an effort to reach a goal
  • driving    having the power of driving or impelling;  acting with vigor;   the act of controlling and steering the movement of a vehicle or animal;  hitting a golf ball off of a tee with a driver
  • drowsiness    a very sleepy state
  • drug    a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic;  administer a drug to;  use recreational drugs
  • ds    an honorary degree in science;  the bureau in the State Department that is responsible for the security of diplomats and embassies overseas;  a radioactive transuranic element
  • duodenal    in or relating to the duodenum
  • duration    continuance in time;  the property of enduring or continuing in time;  the period of time during which something continues
  • dynamic    characterized by action or forcefulness or force of personality;  of or relating to dynamics;  expressing action rather than a state of being; used of s (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water');   an efficient incentive
  • dysfunction    (medicine) any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part
  • dysphoria    abnormal depression and discontent
  • early    at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time;  being or occurring at an early stage of development;  of an early stage in the development of a language or literature;  very young;  belonging to the distant past; expected in the near future;   before the usual time or the time expected;  in good time;  during an early stage
  • eat    eat a meal; take a meal;  take in solid food;  worry or cause anxiety in a persistent way;  cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid;  use up (resources or materials);  take in food; used of animals only
  • eating disorder not otherwise specified
  • eating    the act of consuming food
  • ecologic    of or relating to the science of ecology;  characterized by the interdependence of living organisms in an environment
  • ecological    of or relating to the science of ecology; characterized by the interdependence of living organisms in an environment
  • economic    using the minimum of time or resources necessary for effectiveness;  financially rewarding;  concerned with worldly necessities of life (especially money);  of or relating to the science of economics;  of or relating to an economy, the system of production and management of material wealth
  • economical    avoiding waste;  using the minimum of time or resources necessary for effectiveness;  of or relating to an economy, the system of production and management of material wealth
  • eds    a rapid automatic system to detect plastic explosives in passengers' luggage using X ray technology and computers; designed for use in airports
  • education    the profession of teaching (especially at a school or college or university);  the activities of educating or instructing; activities that impart knowledge or skill;  the result of good upbringing (especially knowledge of correct social behavior);  the gradual process of acquiring knowledge;  knowledge acquired by learning and instruction;  the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with education (including federal aid to educational institutions and students); created 1979
  • educational    providing knowledge;  relating to the process of education
  • effect    (of a law) having legal validity;  an impression (especially one that is artificial or contrived);  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work;  a symptom caused by an illness or a drug;  an outward appearance;  a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon;   produce;  act so as to bring into existence
  • effects    property of a personal character that is portable but not used in business
  • efficacy    capacity or power to produce a desired effect
  • efficiency    skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort;  the ratio of the output to the input of any system
  • elavil    a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
  • elderly    advanced in years; (`aged' is pro ced as two syllables);   people who are old collectively
  • electrolyte    a solution that conducts electricity
  • electronic    of or relating to electronics; concerned with or using devices that operate on principles governing the behavior of electrons;  of or concerned with electrons
  • element    the most favorable environment for a plant or animal;  a straight line that generates a cylinder or cone;  the situation in which you are happiest and most effective;  one of four substances thought in ancient and medieval cosmology to constitute the physical universe;  an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system;  an abstract part of something;  any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
  • elevated ldl cholesterol management
  • elevated    raised above the ground;  raised above ground level; on elevated rails;   a railway that is powered by electricity and that runs on a track that is raised above the street level
  • employment    the occupation for which you are paid;  the act of giving someone a job;  the state of being employed or having a job;  the act of using
  • endothelial    of or relating to or located in the endothelium
  • energy    an imaginative lively style (especially style of writing); enterprising or ambitious drive;  forceful exertion;  (physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work; the units of energy are joules or ergs;  a healthy capacity for vigorous activity;  the federal department responsible for maintaining a national energy policy of the United States; created in 1977
  • england    a division of the United Kingdom
  • enlargement    a photographic print that has been enlarged; the state of being enlarged;  the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope;  a discussion that provides additional information
  • environment    the area in which something exists or lives;  the totality of surrounding conditions
  • environmental    concerned with the ecological effects of altering the environment;  of or relating to the external conditions or surroundings
  • ephedra    jointed and nearly leafless desert shrub having reduced scalelike leaves and reddish fleshy seeds
  • ephedrine    white odorless powdered or crystalline alkaloid from plants of the genus Ephedra (especially Ephedra sinica) or made synthetically; used as a bronchodilator to treat bronchitis and asthma
  • epidemic    (especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously;   a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time
  • epidemiological    of or relating to epidemiology
  • epidemiology    the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
  • epinephrine    a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • equipment    an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service
  • estradiol    the most powerful female hormone that occurs naturally; synthesized and used to treat estrogen deficiency and breast cancer
  • estrogen    a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
  • ethinyl estradiol causing weight gain
  • ethnic    not acknowledging the God of Christianity and Judaism and Islam;  denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people;   a person who is a member of an ethnic group
  • etiologic    relating to the etiology of a disease;  of or relating to the philosophical study of causation
  • eu    an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members;  a bivalent and trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group
  • european swedish adjustable gastric banding
  • european    of or relating to or characteristic of Europe or the people of Europe;   a native or inhabitant of Europe
  • evaluation    act of ascertaining or fixing the value or worth of; an appraisal of the value of something
  • evening    the latter part of the day (the period of decreasing daylight from late afternoon until nightfall);  the early part of night (from dinner until bedtime) spent in a special way;  a later concluding time period
  • evidence    your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief;  an indication that makes something evident; (law) all the means by which any alleged matter of fact whose truth is investigated at judicial trial is established or disproved;  provide evidence for; stand as proof of; show by one's behavior, attitude, or external attributes;  give evidence;  provide evidence for
  • examination    the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes);  the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned;  a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge;  a detailed inspection of your conscience (as done daily by Jesuits);  formal systematic questioning
  • excess    more than is needed, desired, or required;  immoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or permitted limits;  a quantity much larger than is needed;  excessive indulgence;  the state of being more than full
  • excessive    beyond normal limits;  unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings
  • exchange    (chess) the capture by both players (usually on consecutive moves) of pieces of equal value;  (chess) gaining (or losing) a rook in return for a knight or bishop;  reciprocal transfer of equivalent sums of money especially the currencies of different countries;  the act of giving something in return for something received;  the act of changing one thing for another thing;  a workplace for buying and selling; open only to members;  a mutual expression of views (especially an unpleasant one);  chemical process in which one atom or ion or group changes places with another;  the act of putting one thing or person in the place of another: "he sent Smith in for Jones but the substitution came too late to help";  (sports) an unbroken sequence of several successive strokes;  a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication;   give to, and receive from, one another;  hand over one and receive another, approximately equivalent;  change over, change around, as to a new order or sequence;  exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category; exchange a penalty for a less severe one
  • exercise    the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit;  a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding;  systematic training by multiple repetitions; (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches; the act of using;   do physical exercise;  give a workout to;  learn by repetition;  put to use;  carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
  • expectancy    something expected (as on the basis of a norm); pleasurable expectation
  • expenditure    the act of consuming something;  the act of spending money for goods or services;  money paid out
  • experience    the accumulation of knowledge or skill that results from direct participation in events or activities;  the content of direct observation or participation in an event;  an event as apprehended;   go through (mental or physical states or experiences);  go or live through;  undergo;  have firsthand knowledge of states, situations, emotions, or sensations;  undergo an emotional sensation
  • experimental    relying on observation or experiment;  of the nature of or undergoing an experiment;  relating to or based on experiment
  • expression    the act of forcing something out by squeezing or pressing;  the feelings expressed on a person's face;  expression without words;  the communication (in speech or writing) of your beliefs or opinions;  (genetics) the process of expressing a gene;  a group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit;  a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement;  the style of expressing yourself;  a word or phrase that particular people use in particular situations
  • extended    beyond the literal or primary sense;  fully extended or stretched forth;  large in spatial extent or range or scope or quantity;  drawn out or made longer spatially;  relatively long in duration; tediously protracted
  • extension    act of expanding in scope; making more widely available;  act of stretching or straightening out a flexed limb;  an educational opportunity provided by colleges and universities to people who not enrolled as regular students;  an additional telephone set that is connected to the same telephone line;  amount or degree or range to which something extends;  the ability to raise the working leg high in the air;  a string of characters beginning with a period and followed by one to three letters; the optional second part of a PC computer filename;  a mutually agreed delay in the date set for the completion of a job or payment of a debt;  an addition that extends a main building;  an addition to the length of something;  the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to;  the spreading of something (a belief or practice) into new regions
  • factor    an independent variable in statistics;  anything that contributes causally to a result;  any of the numbers (or symbols) that form a product when multiplied together;  (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity;  an abstract part of something;  a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission;  one of two or more integers that can be exactly divided into another integer;   resolve into factors
  • failure    an unexpected omission;  an act that fails;  an event that does not accomplish its intended purpose;  a person with a record of failing; someone who loses consistently;  loss of ability to function normally;  lack of success;  inability to discharge all your debts as they come due
  • familial    tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity;  relating to or having the characteristics of a family
  • fast    acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly;  at a rapid tempo;  (used of timepieces) indicating a time ahead of or later than the correct time;  securely fixed in place;  resistant to destruction or fading;  (of surfaces) conducive to rapid speeds; unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause;  hurried and brief; unrestrained by convention or morality;  firmly fastened or secured against opening;   quickly or rapidly (often used as a combining form);  firmly or tightly;   abstaining from food;   abstain from eating;  abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons
  • fasting    abstaining from food
  • fat free    without fat or fat solids
  • fat metabolism    a metabolic process that breaks down ingested fats into fatty acids and glycerol and then into simpler compounds that can be used by cells of the body
  • fatty    containing or composed of fat;   a rotund individual
  • feedback    response to an inquiry or experiment;  the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input in order to regulate its further output
  • feeding    the act of supplying food and nourishment;  the act of consuming food
  • female    being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces fertilizable gametes (ova) from which offspring develop;  for or pertaining to or composed of women or girls;  characteristic of or peculiar to a woman;   an animal that produces gametes (ova) that can be fertilized by male gametes (spermatozoa);  a person who belongs to the sex that can have babies
  • fertility    the state of being fertile; capable of producing offspring;  the property of producing abundantly and sustaining vigorous and luxuriant growth;  the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 population per year
  • fetal    of or relating to a fetus
  • fiber    a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth;  a slender and greatly elongated solid substance;  the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions
  • field    a particular kind of commercial enterprise;  the area that is visible (as through an optical instrument);  all the competitors in a particular contest or sporting event;  all of the horses in a particular horse race;  (mathematics) a set of elements such that addition and multiplication are commutative and associative and multiplication is distributive over addition and there are two elements 0 and 1; (computer science) a set of one or more adjacent characters comprising a unit of information;  a region in which active military operations are in progress;  somewhere (away from a studio or office or library or laboratory) where practical work is done or data is collected;  a piece of land cleared of trees and usually enclosed;  a geographic region (land or sea) under which something valuable is found;  the space around a radiating body within which its electromagnetic oscillations can exert force on another similar body not in contact with it;  a place where planes take off and land;  a branch of knowledge;  a region where a battle is being (or has been) fought;  a piece of land prepared for playing a game;  extensive tract of level open land;  a particular environment or walk of life;  select (a team or individual player) for a game;  answer adequately or successfully;  play as a fielder;  catch or pick up (balls) in baseball or cricket
  • financial incentives for weight maintenance
  • findings    a collection of tools and other articles used by an artisan to make jewelry or clothing or shoes
  • fitness    the condition of being suitable;  the quality of being qualified;  good physical condition; being in shape or in condition; fitness to traverse the seas
  • floppy    hanging limply;   a small plastic magnetic disk enclosed in a stiff envelope with a radial slit; used to store data or programs for a microcomputer
  • fluctuation    the quality of being unsteady and subject to changes;  a wave motion;  an instance of change; the rate or magnitude of change
  • fluid    subject to change; variable;  affording change (especially in social status);  in cash or easily convertible to cash;  characteristic of a fluid; capable of flowing and easily changing shape;  smooth and unconstrained in movement;   a continuous amorphous substance that tends to flow and to conform to the outline of its container: a liquid or a gas;  a substance that is fluid at room temperature and pressure
  • fluoxetine    a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Prozac)
  • fluphenazine    tranquilizer used to treat psychotic disorders
  • flux    in constant change;  a flow or discharge;  a state of uncertainty about what should be done (usually following some important event) preceding the establishment of a new direction of action;  excessive discharge of liquid from a cavity or organ (as in watery diarrhea);  a substance added to molten metals to bond with impurities that can then be readily removed;  the rate of flow of energy or particles across a given surface;  (physics) the number of changes in energy flow across a given surface per unit area;  the lines of force surrounding a permanent magnet or a moving charged particle;   mix together different elements;  become liquid or fluid when heated;  move or progress freely as if in a
  • focal    having or localized centrally at a focus;  of or relating to a focus
  • focus    maximum clarity or distinctness of an image rendered by an optical system;  maximum clarity or distinctness of an idea;  the concentration of attention or energy on something;  a fixed reference point on the concave side of a conic section;  a point of convergence of light (or other radiation) or a point from which it diverges;  a central point or locus of an infection in an organism;  special emphasis attached to something;   put (an image) into focus;  become focussed or come into focus;  cause to converge on or toward a central point;  direct one's attention on something;  bring into focus or alignment; to converge or cause to converge; of ideas or emotions
  • follow up    a subsequent examination of a patient for the purpose of monitoring earlier treatment;  an activity that continues something that has already begun or that repeats something that has already been done;  a piece of work that exploits or builds on earlier work
  • food    any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue;  anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking;  any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
  • force    physical energy or intensity;  a powerful effect or influence;  a group of people having the power of effective action; group of people willing to obey orders;  (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity;  a putout of a base runner who is required to run; the putout is accomplished by holding the ball while touching the base to which the runner must advance before the runner reaches that base;  an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists);  (of a law) having legal validity;  a unit that is part of some military service;  one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority;   impose or thrust urgently, importunately, or inexorably;  do forcibly; exert force;  force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;  cause to move by pulling; squeeze like a wedge into a tight space;  take by force;  urge or force (a person) to an action; constrain or motivate;  move with force, "He pushed the table into a corner";  to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city"
  • form    a mold for setting concrete;  the visual appearance of something or someone;  a particular mode in which something is manifested;  an ability to perform well;  a perceptual structure;  the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something;  a printed document with spaces in which to write;  an arrangement of the elements in a composition or discourse;  (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups;  the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance;  a life size dummy used to display clothes;  any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline);  alternative names for the body of a human being;  a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality;  a body of students who are taught together; (physical chemistry) a distinct state of matter in a system; matter that is identical in chemical composition and physical state and separated from other material by the phase boundary;   assume a form or shape;  create (as an entity);  to compose or represent:"This wall forms the background of the stage setting"; develop into a distinctive entity;  give shape or form to;  make something, usually for a specific function;  establish or impress firmly in the mind
  • formation    the fabrication of something in a particular shape; creation by mental activity;  a particular spatial arrangement;  an arrangement of people or things acting as a unit;  natural process that causes something to form;  the act of forming something; (geology) the geological features of the earth
  • framework    a structure supporting or containing something; the underlying structure;  a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process
  • free    not literal;  unconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion; able to act at will; not hampered; not under compulsion or restraint; not held in servitude;  not occupied or in use;  not fixed in position; not taken up by scheduled activities;  costing nothing;   without restraint;   people who are free;   free or remove obstruction from;  grant freedom to; free from confinement;  free from obligations or duties;  make (information) available publication;  make (assets) available;  let off the hook;  remove or force out from a position;  part with a possession or right;  relieve from;  grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to
  • frequency    the number of observations in a given statistical category;  the ratio of the number of observations in a statistical category to the total number of observations;  the number of occurrences within a given time period
  • function    the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group;  what something is used for;  a formal or official social gathering or ceremony;  a relation such that one thing is dependent on another;  a mathematical relation such that each element of one set is associated with at least one element of another set;  a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program;  a vaguely specified social event;   perform as expected when applied;  perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function;  serve a purpose, role, or function
  • functional    designed for or capable of a particular function or use;  involving or affecting function rather than physiology;  designed for or adapted to a function or use;  fit or ready for use or service; relating to or based on function especially as opposed to structure; (of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing
  • g    the 7th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated;  (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation;  a unit of information equal to one billion (1,073,741,824) bytes or 1024 megabytes;  a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
  • gaba    an amino acid that is found in the central nervous system; acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter
  • gain    the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating;  the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input;  the advantageous quality of being beneficial;  a quantity that is added;  increase (one's body weight);  increase in;  obtain advantages, such as points, etc.;  earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as salary or wages;  rise in rate or price;  reach a destination, either real or abstract;  win something through one's efforts;  derive a benefit from;  obtain
  • gallbladder    a muscular sac attached to the liver that secretes bile and stores it until needed for digestion
  • gallstone    a calculus formed in the gall bladder or its ducts
  • garcinia cambogia    low spreading tree of Indonesia yielding an orange to brown gum resin (gamboge) used as a pigment when powdered
  • garcinia    evergreen trees and shrubs: mangosteens
  • gas    the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscosity; relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature; the ability to diffuse readily; and the spontaneous tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container; a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely;  a pedal that controls the throttle valve;  a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal;  a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal combustion engines;  a fossil fuel in the gaseous state; used for cooking and heating homes;   attack with gas; subject to gas fumes;  show off
  • gastric    relating to or involving the stomach
  • gastrointestinal tract    tubular passage of mucous membrane and muscle extending about 8.3 meters from mouth to anus; functions in digestion and elimination
  • gastrointestinal    of or relating to the stomach and intestines
  • gender    a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between s and pro s and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness;  the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles
  • gene expression    conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into messenger RNA and then to a protein
  • gene    (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity
  • general    prevailing among and common to the general public; not specialized or limited to one class of things;  applying to all or most members of a category or group;  of national scope;  affecting the entire body;  somewhat indefinite;  of worldwide scope or applicability;   a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular); a general officer of the highest rank;  the head of a religious order or congregation;   command as a general
  • genetic    of or relating to the science of genetics;  pertaining to or referring to origin;  tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity;  of or relating to or produced by or being a gene
  • ghrelin    a hormone produced by stomach cells
  • gingko    deciduous dioecious Chinese tree having fan shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seeds; exists almost exclusively in cultivation especially as an ornamental street tree
  • gland    any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
  • global    involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope;  having the shape of a sphere or ball
  • globulin    a family of proteins found in blood and milk and muscle and in plant seed
  • glucocorticoid    a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti inflammatory activity
  • glucophage    an antidiabetic drug (trade name Glucophage) prescribed to treat type II diabetes
  • glucose    a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • glutamine    a crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins; important in protein metabolism
  • glycerol    a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • glycogen    one form in which body fuel is stored; stored primarily in the liver and broken down into glucose when needed by the body
  • goal    a successful attempt at scoring;  game equipment consisting of the place toward which players of a game try to advance a ball or puck in order to score points;  the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve and that (when achieved) terminates behavior intended to achieve it;  the place designated as the end (as of a race or journey)
  • gonadotropin    hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta; stimulates the gonads and controls reproductive activity
  • green    of the color between blue and yellow in the color spectrum; similar to the color of fresh grass;  not fully developed or mature; not ripe;  looking pale and unhealthy;  concerned with or supporting or in conformity with the political principles of the Green Party;  naive and easily deceived or tricked;   green color or pigment; resembling the color of growing grass;  an area of closely cropped grass surrounding the hole on a golf course;  a river that rises in western Wyoming and flows southward through Utah to become a tributary of the Colorado River;  an environmentalist who belongs to the Green Party;  United States labor leader who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1924 to 1952 and who led the struggle with the Congress of Industrial Organizations (1873 1952);  street names for ketamine;  any of various leafy plants or their leaves and stems eaten as vegetables;  a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area;   turn or become green
  • grid    a cooking utensil of parallel metal bars; used to grill fish or meat;  an electrode placed between the cathode and anode of a vacuum tube to control the flow of electrons through the tube;  a network of horizontal and vertical lines that provide coordinates for locating points on an image;  a system of high tension cables by which electrical power is distributed throughout a region
  • grocery    (usually plural) consumer goods sold by a grocer;  a marketplace where groceries are sold
  • growth hormone    a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland; promotes growth in humans
  • growth    vegetation that has grown;  something grown or growing;  (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level; a progression from simpler to more complex forms;  (pathology) an abnormal proliferation of tissue (as in a tumor);  the gradual beginning or coming forth;  a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous or more important
  • guar gum    a gum from seeds of the guar plant; used to thicken foods and as sizing for paper and cloth
  • guar    drought tolerant herb grown for forage and for its seed which yield a gum used as a thickening agent or sizing material
  • guide    someone who shows the way by leading or advising;  a model or standard for making comparisons;  something that offers basic information or instruction;  someone who can find paths through unexplored territory;  someone employed to conduct others;  guide or pass over something;  use as a guide;  be a guiding force, as with directions or advice;  direct the course; determine the direction of travelling;  take somebody somewhere
  • gum    any of various substances (soluble in water) that exude from certain plants; they are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying;  the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth;  a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing;  any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum;  wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum; cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesive;  exude or form gum;  become sticky;  cover, fill, fix or smear with or as if with gum;  grind with the gums; chew without teeth and with great difficulty
  • ha    (astronomy) the angular distance of a celestial point measured westward along the celestial equator from the zenith crossing; the right ascension for an observer at a particular location and time of day
  • haloperidol    tranquilizer (trade name Haldol) used to treat some psychotic disorders and Tourette's syndrome
  • hard    dried out;  unfortunate or hard to bear;  resisting weight or pressure;  dispassionate;  (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward or touching the velum;  (of light) transmitted directly from a pointed light source;  being distilled rather than fermented; having a high alcoholic content;  very strong or vigorous;  not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure;  characterized by toilsome effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort;  given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors;  produced without vibration of the vocal cords;   with effort or force or vigor;  to the full extent possible; all the way;  slowly and with difficulty;  causing great damage or hardship;  with firmness; earnestly or intently;  with pain or distress or bitterness;  very near or close in space or time;  into a solid condition;  indulging excessively
  • hardback    having a hard back or cover;   a book with cardboard or cloth or leather covers
  • hcg    hormone produced early in pregnancy by the placenta; detection in the urine and serum is the basis for one kind of pregnancy test
  • hdl cholesterol    the cholesterol in high density lipoproteins; the `good' cholesterol; a high level in the blood is thought to lower the risk of coronary artery disease
  • hdl    a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of a high proportion of protein and relatively little cholesterol; high levels are thought to be associated with decreased risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis
  • health    the general condition of body and mind;  a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
  • healthy    having or indicating good health in body or mind; free from infirmity or disease;  exercising or showing good judgment; financially secure and functioning well;  promoting health; healthful; physically and mentally sound or healthy
  • heart rate    the rate at which the heart beats; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • heart    a playing card in the major suit that has one or more red hearts on it;  an inclination or tendency of a certain kind;  the courage to carry on;  the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body;  the locus of feelings and intuitions;  a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal);  a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on playing cards and valentines;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  a positive feeling of liking;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region
  • height    the vertical dimension of extension; distance from the base of something to the top;  (of a standing person) the distance from head to foot;  elevation especially above sea level or above the earth's surface;  the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
  • help    the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose;  a means of serving;  a resource; a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose;   improve the condition of;  improve; change for the better;  give help or assistance; be of service; contribute to the furtherance of;  be of use;  help to some food; help with food or drink;  take or use;  abstain from doing; always used with a negative
  • hepatic    pertaining to or affecting the liver;   any of numerous small green nonvascular plants of the class Hepaticopsida growing in wet places and resembling green seaweeds or leafy mosses
  • heredity    the total of inherited attributes;  the biological process whereby genetic factors are transmitted from one generation to the next
  • hierarchy    the organization of people at different ranks in an administrative body;  a series of ordered groupings of people or things within a system
  • high quality    the quality of being superior
  • high risk    not financially safe or secure
  • high    happy and excited and energetic;  slightly and pleasantly intoxicated from alcohol or a drug (especially marijuana);  (literal meaning) being at or having a relatively great or specific elevation or upward extension (sometimes used in combinations like `knee high');  greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount;  used of sounds and voices; high in pitch or frequency;  (used of the smell of meat) smelling spoiled or tainted;  standing above others in quality or position;   at a great altitude;  far up toward the source;  in or to a high position, amount, or degree;  in a rich manner;   a lofty level or position or degree;  a high place;  a state of altered consciousness induced by alcohol or narcotics;  a state of sustained elation;  an air mass of higher than normal pressure;  a forward gear with a gear ratio that gives the greatest vehicle velocity for a given engine speed;  a public secondary school usually including grades 9 through 12
  • history    the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings;  all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge;  a record or narrative description of past events;  the aggregate of past events;  the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future
  • hiv    infection by the human immunodeficiency virus;  the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
  • home based exercise for weight maintenance
  • home exercise equipment for weight maintenance
  • horizontal    parallel to or in the plane of the horizon or a base line;   something that is oriented horizontally
  • hormone replacement therapy    hormones (estrogen and progestin) are given to postmenopausal women; believed to protect them from heart disease and osteoporosis
  • hormone    the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • hospitalization    placing in medical care in a hospital;  the condition of being treated as a patient in a hospital;  a period of time when you are confined to a hospital;  insurance that pays all or part of a patient's hospital expense
  • household    a social unit living together
  • hrt    hormones (estrogen and progestin) are given to postmenopausal women; believed to protect them from heart disease and osteoporosis
  • human    having human form or attributes as opposed to those of animals or divine beings;  characteristic of humanity;  relating to a person;   any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
  • hypercapnia    the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
  • hypertension    a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
  • hypnosis    a state that resembles sleep but that is induced by suggestion
  • hypoglycemic    of or relating to hypoglycemia
  • hypothalamic    of or relating to the hypothalamus
  • hypothesis    a tentative theory about the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena;  a proposal intended to explain certain facts or observations;  a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence
  • hypothetical    based primarily on surmise rather than adequate evidence;   a hypothetical possibility, circumstance, statement, proposal, situation, etc.
  • hypothyroidism    an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
  • i    the 9th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
  • ideal    constituting or existing only in the form of an idea or mental image or conception;  conforming to an ultimate standard of perfection or excellence; embodying an ideal;  of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of the reality of ideas;   the idea of something that is perfect; something that one hopes to attain;  model of excellence or perfection of a kind; one having no equal
  • identification    the attribution to yourself (consciously or unconsciously) of the characteristics of another person (or group of persons);  evidence of identity; something that identifies a person or thing;  the condition of having your identity established;  the act of designating or identifying something;  the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering
  • ill    presaging ill fortune;  distressing;  resulting in suffering or adversity;  indicating hostility or enmity;  affected by an impairment of normal physical or mental function;   (`ill' is often used as a combining form) in a poor or improper or unsatisfactory manner; not well;  with difficulty or inconvenience; scarcely or hardly;  unfavorably or with disapproval;   an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining
  • illness    impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
  • image    the general impression that something (a person or organization or product) presents to the public;  an iconic mental representation;  a representation of a person (especially in the form of sculpture);  a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or abstraction) produced on a surface;  (Jungian psychology) a personal facade that one presents to the world;  a standard or typical example;  language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense; someone who closely resembles a famous person (especially an actor);   imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind
  • imaging    (medicine) obtaining pictures of the interior of the body;  the ability to form mental images of things or events
  • imipramine    a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Imavate and Tofranil) used to treat clinical depression
  • impact    the striking of one body against another;  a forceful consequence; a strong effect;  influencing strongly;  the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat;   press or wedge together; pack together;  have an effect upon
  • impaired    diminished in strength, quality, or utility;  mentally or physically unfit
  • in    currently fashionable;  directed or bound inward;  holding office;   to or toward the inside of;   a state in midwestern United States;  a unit of length equal to one twelfth of a foot;  a rare soft silvery metallic element; occurs in small quantities in sphalerite
  • inactivation    the process of rendering inactive;  breaking up a military unit (by transfers or discharges)
  • inactivity    being inactive; being less active;  a disposition to remain inactive or inert;  the state of being inactive
  • incidence    the striking of a light beam on a surface;  the relative frequency of occurrence of something
  • income    the financial gain (earned or unearned) accruing over a given period of time
  • inconsistent    displaying a lack of consistency;  not capable of being made consistent or harmonious;  not in agreement
  • increased    made greater in size or amount or degree
  • increasing    becoming greater or larger;  music
  • index    the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;   adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • india    a republic in the Asian subcontinent in southern Asia; second most populous country in the world; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947
  • individual    being or characteristic of a single thing or person; separate and distinct from others of the same kind;  concerning one person exclusively;  characteristic of or meant for a single person or thing;   a single organism;  a human being
  • induced    brought about or caused; not spontaneous
  • industrialized    made industrial; converted to industrialism
  • industry    the organized action of making of goods and services for sale;  the people or companies engaged in a particular kind of commercial enterprise;  persevering determination to perform a task
  • infancy    the earliest state of immaturity;  the early stage of growth or development
  • infant feeding    feeding an infant
  • infant    a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk
  • infarction    localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
  • influence    causing something without any direct or apparent effort;  a power to affect persons or events especially power based on prestige etc;  a cognitive factor that tends to have an effect on what you do;  one having power to influence another;  the effect of one thing (or person) on another;   have and exert influence or effect;  shape or influence; give direction to;  induce into action by using one's charm
  • inhibition    (psychology) the conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or desires;  the quality of being inhibited; (physiology) the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part;  the action of prohibiting or inhibiting or forbidding (or an instance thereof)
  • inhibitor    a substance that retards or stops an activity
  • initial    occurring at the beginning;   the first letter of a word (especially a person's name);   mark with one's initials
  • intake    an opening through which fluid is admitted to a tube or container;  the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
  • integrated    not segregated; designated as available to all races or groups;  formed into a whole or introduced into another entity; resembling a living organism in organization or development; caused to combine or unite;  formed or united into a whole
  • intensity    high level or degree; the property of being intense; the amount of energy transmitted (as by acoustic or electromagnetic radiation);  chromatic purity: freedom from dilution with white and hence vivid in hue;  the magnitude of sound (usually in a specified direction)
  • intensive    characterized by a high degree or intensity; often used as a combining form;  of agriculture; intended to increase productivity of a fixed area by expending more capital and labor; tending to give force or emphasis;   a modifier that has little meaning except to intensify the meaning it modifies
  • intentional    done by design;  by conscious design or purpose; done or made or performed with purpose and intent
  • international    concerning or belonging to all or at least two or more nations;  from or between other countries;   any of several international socialist organizations
  • interpersonal    occurring among or involving several people
  • intervention    (law) a proceeding that permits a person to enter into a lawsuit already in progress; admission of person not an original party to the suit so that person can protect some right or interest that is allegedly affected by the proceedings;  the act of intervening (as to mediate a dispute);  a policy of intervening in the affairs of other countries
  • interview    the questioning of a person (or a conversation in which information is elicited); often conducted by journalists;  a conference (usually with someone important);   conduct an interview in television, newspaper, and radio reporting;  discuss formally with (somebody) for the purpose of an evaluation;  go for an interview in the hope of being hired
  • intestinal    of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • intolerance    impatience with annoyances;  unwillingness to recognize and respect differences in opinions or beliefs
  • intracellular    located or occurring within a cell or cells
  • ischemic    relating to or affected by ischemia
  • jak    immense East Indian fruit resembling breadfruit; it contains an edible pulp and nutritious seeds that are commonly roasted
  • japanese sumo wrestler and diabetes
  • japanese    of or relating to or characteristic of Japan or its people or their culture or language;   the language (usually considered to be Altaic) spoken by the Japanese;  a native or inhabitant of Japan
  • jaw    holding device consisting of one or both of the opposing parts of a tool that close to hold an object;  the part of the skull of a vertebrate that frames the mouth and holds the teeth;  the bones of the skull that frame the mouth and serve to open it; the bones that hold the teeth;   censure severely or angrily;  talk incessantly and tiresomely;  talk socially without exchanging too much information; chew (food)
  • jib    any triangular fore and aft sail (set forward of the foremast);   shift from one side of the ship to the other;  refuse to comply
  • job    a damaging piece of work;  the performance of a piece of work;  the responsibility to do something;  a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee;  a workplace; as in the expression "on the job";  an object worked on; a result produced by working;  a book in the Old Testament containing Job's pleas to God about his afflictions and God's reply;  (computer science) a program application that may consist of several steps but is a single logical unit;  any long suffering person who withstands affliction without despairing;  a Jewish hero in the Old Testament who maintained his faith in God in spite of afflictions that tested him;  the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money;  a crime (especially a robbery);  a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved;  work occasionally;  profit privately from public office and official business;  invest at a risk;  arranged for contracted work to be done by others
  • jogging    running at a jog trot as a form of cardiopulmonary exercise
  • john    the last of the four Gospels in the New Testament;  (New Testament) disciple of Jesus; traditionally said to be the author of the 4th Gospel and three epistles and the book of Revelation;  youngest son of Henry II; King of England from 1199 to 1216; succeeded to the throne on the death of his brother Richard I; lost his French possessions; in 1215 John was compelled by the barons to sign the Magna Carta (1167 1216);  a room or building equipped with one or more toilets;  a prostitute's customer
  • journal    the part of the axle contained by a bearing;  a record book as a physical object;  a periodical dedicated to a particular subject;  a daily written record of (usually personal) experiences and observations;  a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred
  • labeled    bearing or marked with a label or tag
  • laboratory    a workplace for the conduct of scientific research; a region resembling a laboratory inasmuch as it offers opportunities for observation and practice and experimentation
  • laparoscopic adjustable gastric band
  • large    having broad power and range and scope;  above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent;  fairly large or important in effect; influential;  in an advanced stage of pregnancy;  conspicuous in position or importance;  generous and understanding and tolerant;  ostentatiously lofty in style;   with the wind abaft the beam;  at a distance, wide of something (as of a mark);  in a boastful manner;   a garment size for a large person
  • latent    not presently active;  potentially existing but not presently evident or realized
  • later    coming at a subsequent time or stage;  at or toward an end or late period or stage of development;   comparative of the ad `late';  happening at a time subsequent to a reference time;  at some eventual time in the future
  • ldl cholesterol    the cholesterol in low density lipoproteins; the `bad' cholesterol; a high level in the blood is thought to be related to various pathogenic conditions
  • ldl    a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of moderate amount of protein and a large amount of cholesterol; high levels are thought to be associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis
  • learn    gain knowledge or skills;  get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally;  be a student of a certain subject;  commit to memory; learn by heart;  impart skills or knowledge to;  find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort
  • learning    the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge;  profound scholarly knowledge
  • left    intended for the left hand;  of or belonging to the political or intellectual left;  being or located on or directed toward the side of the body to the west when facing north;  not used up;   toward or on the left; also used figuratively;   a turn toward the side of the body that is on the north when the person is facing east;  the hand that is on the left side of the body;  those who support varying degrees of social or political or economic change designed to promote the public welfare;  location near or direction toward the left side; i.e. the side to the north when a person or object faces east; the piece of ground in the outfield on the catcher's left
  • legal system and weight discrimination
  • legal    allowed by official rules;  established by or founded upon law or official or accepted rules;  having legal efficacy or force;  of or relating to jurisprudence;  relating to or characteristic of the profession of law
  • lengthening    the act of prolonging something
  • level    oriented at right angles to the plumb;  being on a precise horizontal plane;  not showing abrupt variations;  of the score in a contest;  having a surface without slope, tilt in which no part is higher or lower than another;   indicator that establishes the horizontal when a bubble is centered in a tube of liquid;  height above ground; an abstract place usually conceived as having depth;  a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale;  a flat surface at right angles to a plumb line;  a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality;  a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process;  a relative position or degree of value in a graded group;   become level or even;  talk frankly with; lay it on the line;  aim at;  tear down so as to make flat with the ground;  direct into a position for use;  make level or straight
  • lh    a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary; stimulates ovulation in female mammals and stimulates androgen release in male mammals
  • life    living things collectively;  the experience of being alive; the course of human events and activities;  a motive for living;  a living person;  the organic phenomenon that distinguishes living organisms from nonliving ones;  the course of existence of an individual; the actions and events that occur in living;  a characteristic state or mode of living;  the period during which something is functional (as between birth and death);  the period between birth and the present time;  the period from the present until death; animation and energy in action or expression;  an account of the series of events making up a person's life;  the condition of living or the state of being alive;  a prison term lasting as long as the prisoner lives
  • lifespan    the period during which something is functional (as between birth and death)
  • lifestyle    a manner of living that reflects the person's values and attitudes
  • limb    the graduated arc that is attached to an instrument for measuring angles;  either of the two halves of a bow from handle to tip;  one of the jointed appendages of an animal used for locomotion or grasping: arm; leg; wing; flipper;  (astronomy) the circumferential edge of the apparent disc of the sun or the moon or a planet;  any of the main branches arising from the trunk or a bough of a tree;  any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm
  • line    acting in conformity;  something (as a cord or rope) that is long and thin and flexible;  the road consisting of railroad track and roadbed;  a commercial organization serving as a common carrier;  a particular kind of product or merchandise;  a conceptual separation or distinction;  a mark that is long relative to its width;  text consisting of a row of words written across a page or computer screen;  a formation of people or things one behind another;  a formation of people or things one beside another;  a spatial location defined by a real or imaginary unidimensional extent;  in games or sports; a mark indicating positions or bounds of the playing area;  a fortified position (especially one marking the most forward position of troops);  a single frequency (or very narrow band) of radiation in a spectrum;  a length (straight or curved) without breadth or thickness; the trace of a moving point;  the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money;  a conductor for transmitting electrical or optical signals or electric power;  a pipe used to transport liquids or gases;  mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it;  a telephone connection;  the methodical process of logical reasoning;  (often plural) a means of communication or access;  a short personal letter; a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;  the descendants of one individual;  a connected series of events or actions or developments;  the maximum credit that a customer is allowed;  space for one line of print (one column wide and 1/14 inch deep) used to measure advertising;  a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface;   reinforce with fabric;  fill plentifully; cover the interior of;  mark with lines;  be in line with; form a line along;  make a mark or lines on a surface
  • linked    connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks
  • links    a golf course that is built on sand ground near a shore
  • lipid    an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates)
  • lipomatosis    pathology in which fat accumulates in lipomas in the body
  • lipoprotein    a conjugated protein having a lipid component; the principal means for transporting lipids in the blood
  • liquorice    a black candy flavored with the dried root of the licorice plant;  deep rooted coarse textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots
  • literature    the profession or art of a writer;  the humanistic study of a body of literature;  creative writing of recognized artistic value;  published writings in a particular style on a particular subject
  • lithium    a soft silver white univalent element of the alkali metal group; the lightest metal known; occurs in several minerals
  • liver    having a reddish brown color;   large and complicated reddish brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn out erythrocytes;  liver of an animal used as meat;  someone who lives in a place;  a person who has a special life style
  • long term    relating to or extending over a relatively long time
  • long    having or being more than normal or necessary:"long on brains";  primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified;  primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified;  (of speech sounds or syllables) of relatively long duration;  holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices;  involving substantial risk;  of relatively great height;  planning prudently for the future;  good at remembering;   for an extended time or at a distant time;  for an extended distance;   desire strongly or persistently
  • longevity    the property of being long lived;  duration of service
  • longitudinal    over an extended time;  running lengthwise;  of or relating to lines of longitude
  • lose    fail to win;  suffer the loss of a person through death or removal;  allow to go out of sight;  miss from one's possessions; lose sight of;  fail to keep or to maintain; cease to have, either physically or in an abstract sense;  fail to get or obtain;  fail to make money in a business; make a loss or fail to profit;  be set at a disadvantage; retreat;  place (something) where one cannot find it again;  fail to perceive or to catch with the senses or the mind
  • loss    the act of losing;  the disadvantage that results from losing something;  the experience of losing a loved one;  the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue;  something that is lost;  gradual decline in amount or activity;  euphemistic expressions for death;  military personnel lost by death or capture
  • lost    not caught with the senses or the mind;  no longer in your possession or control; unable to be found or recovered;  spiritually or physically doomed or destroyed;  not gained or won;  incapable of being recovered or regained;  unable to function; without help; having lost your bearings; confused as to time or place or personal identity;  perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment;  no longer known; irretrievable;  deeply absorbed in thought;   people who are destined to die soon
  • low fat diet and behavioral therapy
  • low    literal meanings; being at or having a relatively small elevation or upward extension;  less than normal in degree or intensity or amount;  used of sounds and voices; low in pitch or frequency;  very low in volume;  unrefined in character;  being the gear producing the lowest drive speed;  low in spirits;  of the most contemptible kind;  subdued or brought low in condition or status;  no longer sufficient;  low or inferior in station or quality;   in a low position; near the ground;   a low level or position or degree; British political cartoonist (born in New Zealand) who created the character Colonel Blimp (1891 1963);  an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation;  the lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle; used to start a car moving;   make a low noise, characteristic of bovines
  • lower    the lower of two berths;   set lower;  cause to drop or sink;  move something or somebody to a lower position;  look angry or sullen, wrinkle one's forehead, as if to signal disapproval; make lower or quieter
  • luteinizing hormone    a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary; stimulates ovulation in female mammals and stimulates androgen release in male mammals
  • lymph    a thin coagulable fluid (similar to plasma but) containing white blood cells (lymphocytes) and chyle; is conveyed to the blood stream by lymphatic vessels
  • lymphoid cell stimulated glycerol release
  • lymphoid    resembling lymph or lymphatic tissues
  • ma    informal terms for a mother;  a master's degree in arts and sciences;  a state in New England; one of the original 13 colonies; one thousandth of an ampere
  • mammography    a diagnostic procedure to detect breast tumors by the use of X rays
  • management    the act of managing something;  those in charge of running a business
  • mandibular    relating to the lower jaw
  • manual    requiring human effort;  doing or requiring physical work;  of or relating to the hands;   a small handbook;  (military) a prescribed drill in handling a rifle
  • mao    Chinese communist leader (1893 1976);  an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of many body compounds (e.g., epinephrine and norepinephrine and serotonin)
  • marital status    the condition of being married or unmarried
  • marital    of or relating to the state of marriage
  • mass    gathered or tending to gather into a mass or whole;  (Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches) the celebration of the Eucharist;  the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field;  a sequence of prayers constituting the Christian Eucharistic rite;  a musical setting for a Mass;  an ill structured collection of similar things (objects or people); a body of matter without definite shape;  the property of something that is great in magnitude;  the common people generally;  (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent;   join together into a mass or collect or form a mass
  • matching    intentionally matched;  being two identical
  • maternal    characteristic of a mother;  relating to or derived from one's mother;  relating to or characteristic of or befitting a parent; related on the mother's side
  • maximal    the greatest or most complete or best possible
  • mean    (used of persons or behavior) characterized by or indicative of lack of generosity;  excellent;  of no value or worth;  (used of sums of money) so small in amount as to deserve contempt; characterized by malice;  having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality;  approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value;  marked by poverty befitting a beggar;   an average of n numbers computed by adding some function of the numbers and dividing by some function of n;   destine or designate for a certain purpose;  denote or connote;  mean or intend to express or convey;  have a specified degree of importance;  have in mind as a purpose;  intend to refer to;  have as a logical consequence
  • measure    how much there is of something that you can quantify;  any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal; musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats;  the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule; measuring instrument having a sequence of marks at regular intervals; used as a reference in making measurements;  a statute in draft before it becomes law;  (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse;  a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated;   determine the measurements of something or somebody, take measurements of;  place a value on; judge the worth of something;  have certain dimensions;  express as a number or measure or quantity
  • measurement    the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule
  • measuring    the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule
  • mechanism    the technical aspects of doing something; device consisting of a piece of machinery; has moving parts that perform some function;  (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes;  a natural object resembling a machine in structure or function;  the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reaction
  • medical    requiring or amenable to treatment by medicine especially as opposed to surgery;  relating to the study or practice of medicine;  of or belonging to Aesculapius or the healing art;   a thorough physical examination; includes a variety of tests depending on the age and sex and health of the person
  • medication    the act of treating with medicines or remedies; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
  • medicine    the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries;  (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease;  the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques;  punishment for one's actions;   treat medicinally, treat with medicine
  • megestrol acetate    a synthetic progestational compound used to treat endometrial carcinoma
  • melanin    insoluble pigments that account for the color of e.g. skin and scales and feathers
  • men    the force of workers available
  • mendelian    of or relating to Gregor Mendel or in accord with Mendel's laws;   a follower of Mendelism
  • menopause    the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
  • mental    affected by a disorder of the mind;  involving the mind or an intellectual process;  of or relating to the chin or liplike structure in insects and certain mollusks;  of or relating to the mind; of or relating to the chin or median part of the lower jaw
  • metabolic    undergoing metamorphosis;  of or relating to metabolism
  • metabolism    the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life;  the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
  • metformin    an antidiabetic drug (trade name Glucophage) prescribed to treat type II diabetes
  • methamphetamine    an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant
  • method    a way of doing something, especially a systematic way; implies an orderly logical arrangement (usually in steps);  an acting technique introduced by Stanislavsky in which the actor recalls emotions or reactions from his or her own life and uses them to identify with the character being portrayed
  • methodological    relating to the methodology of some discipline
  • migration    the movement of persons from one country or locality to another;  the periodic passage of groups of animals (especially birds or fishes) from one region to another for feeding or breeding;  (chemistry) the nonrandom movement of an atom or radical from one place to another within a molecule;  a group of people migrating together (especially in some given time period)
  • milk    produced by mammary glands of female mammals for feeding their young;  a white nutritious liquid secreted by mammals and used as food by human beings;  any of several nutritive milklike liquids;  a river that rises in the Rockies in northwestern Montana and flows eastward to become a tributary of the Missouri River;   take milk from female mammals;  add milk to;  exploit as much as possible
  • mineralocorticoid receptor activation
  • mineralocorticoid    hormone that is one of the steroids of the adrenal cortex that influences the metabolism of sodium and potassium
  • minority    being or relating to the smaller in number of two parts;  a group of people who differ racially or politically from a larger group of which it is a part;  any age prior to the legal age
  • model    worthy of imitation;   the act of representing something (usually on a smaller scale);  representation of something (sometimes on a smaller scale);  a type of product;  a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process;  a representative form or pattern;  a person who poses for a photographer or painter or sculptor;  someone worthy of imitation;  something to be imitated;  a woman who wears clothes to display fashions;   form in clay, wax, etc;  construct a model of;  create a representation or model of; plan or create according to a model or models;  display (clothes) as a mannequin;  assume a posture as for artistic purposes
  • modern    characteristic of present day art and music and literature and architecture;  used of a living language; being the current stage in its development;  belonging to the modern era; since the Middle Ages;  relating to a recently developed fashion or style; ahead of the times;   a typeface (based on an 18th century design by Gianbattista Bodoni) distinguished by regular shape and hairline serifs and heavy downstrokes;  a contemporary person
  • modernization    making modern in appearance or behavior;  a modernized version (as of a play)
  • modification    slightly modified copy; not an exact copy;  the grammatical relation that exists when a word qualifies the meaning of the phrase;  the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment);  an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another
  • modulation    the act of modifying or adjusting according to due measure and proportion (as with regard to artistic effect); (electronics) the transmission of a signal by using it to vary a carrier wave; changing the carrier's amplitude or frequency or phase;  a manner of speaking in which the loudness or pitch or tone of the voice is modified;  rise and fall of the voice pitch;  a musical passage moving from one key to another
  • molecular    relating to simple or elementary organization; relating to or produced by or consisting of molecules
  • molindone    antipsychotic drug (trade name Moban) used in the treatment of schizophrenia
  • monetary    relating to or involving money
  • monoamine oxidase    an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of many body compounds (e.g., epinephrine and norepinephrine and serotonin)
  • monoamine    a molecule containing one amine group (especially one that is a neurotransmitter)
  • mood     inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker;  a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling;  the prevailing psychological state
  • morbidity    an abnormally gloomy or unhealthy state of mind; the relative incidence of a particular disease;  the quality of being unhealthful and generally bad for you
  • more    (comparative of `much' used with mass s) a quantifier meaning greater in size or amount or extent or degree; (comparative of `many' used with count s) quantifier meaning greater in number;   used to form the comparative of some adjectives and ad s;  comparative of much; to a greater degree or extent;   English statesman who opposed Henry VIII's divorce from Catherine of Aragon and was imprisoned and beheaded; recalled for his concept of Utopia, the ideal state
  • mortality    the quality or state of being mortal;  the ratio of deaths in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 per year
  • motivation    the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior;  the act of motivating; providing incentive;  the condition of being motivated
  • mouse    any of numerous small rodents typically resembling diminutive rats having pointed snouts and small ears on elongated bodies with slender usually hairless tails;  a hand operated electronic device that controls the coordinates of a cursor on your computer screen as you move it around on a pad; on the bottom of the device is a ball that rolls on the surface of the pad;  person who is quiet or timid;  a swollen bruise caused by a blow to the eye;   manipulate the mouse of a computer;  to go stealthily or furtively
  • mouth    the opening of a jar or bottle;  the externally visible part of the oral cavity on the face and the system of organs surrounding the opening;  the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge;  the point where a stream issues into a larger body of water;  an opening that resembles a mouth (as of a cave or a gorge);  a person conceived as a consumer of food;  an impudent or insolent rejoinder;  a spokesperson (as a lawyer);  articulate silently; form words with the lips only;  touch with the mouth;  express in speech
  • mri    the use of nuclear magnetic resonance of protons to produce proton density images
  • msh    a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that controls the degree of pigmentation in melanocytes
  • multicomponent posttreatment programs
  • multicultural    of or relating to or including several cultures
  • multiple risk factor intervention trial
  • muscle    authority or power or force (especially when used in a coercive way);  animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells;  one of the contractile organs of the body; possessing muscular strength;  a bully employed as a thug or bodyguard;   make one's way by force
  • myocardial infarction    destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle
  • myocardial    of or relating to the myocardium
  • naloxone    a potent narcotic antagonist (trade name Narcan) especially effective with morphine
  • naltrexone    an oral antagonist against the action of opiates
  • nandrolone    an androgen (trade names Durabolin or Kabolin) that is used to treat testosterone deficiency or breast cancer or osteoporosis
  • nasal continuous positive airway pressure
  • nasal    sounding as if the nose were pinched;  of or in or relating to the nose;   an elongated rectangular bone that forms the bridge of the nose;  a consonant produced through the nose with the mouth closed
  • national cholesterol education program
  • national health and nutrition examination survey
  • national    concerned with or applicable to or belonging to an entire nation or country;  limited to or in the interests of a particular nation;  owned or maintained for the public by the national government;  of or relating to or belonging to a nation or country;  of or relating to nationality;  characteristic of or peculiar to the people of a nation;  inside the country;   a person who owes allegiance to that nation
  • natural history    the scientific study of plants or animals (more observational than experimental) usually published in popular magazines rather than in academic journals
  • natural    being talented through inherited qualities;  related by blood; not adopted;  in accordance with nature; relating to or concerning nature;  existing in or produced by nature; not artificial or imitation;  existing in or in conformity with nature or the observable world; neither supernatural nor magical;  (of a key) containing no sharps or flats; (of a note) being neither raised nor lowered by one chromatic semitone;  functioning or occurring in a normal way; lacking abnormalities or deficiencies;  (used especially of commodities) being unprocessed or manufactured using only simple or minimal processes;  unthinking; prompted by (or as if by) instinct; free from artificiality;   (craps) a first roll of 7 or 11 that immediately wins the stake;  a notation cancelling a previous sharp or flat;  someone regarded as certain to succeed
  • neat    without water;  free from what is tawdry or unbecoming; clean or orderly;  showing care in execution;  free from clumsiness; precisely or deftly executed;  very good
  • necrosis    the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)
  • need    anything that is necessary but lacking;  a condition requiring relief;  the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior;  a state of extreme poverty or destitution;   have or feel a need for;  have need of;  require as useful, just, or proper
  • neighborhood    people living near one another;  a surrounding or nearby region;  the approximate amount of something (usually used prepositionally as in `in the region of')
  • nervous    easily agitated;  of or relating to the nervous system; unpredictably excitable (especially of horses);  excited in anticipation; causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  • netherlands    a constitutional monarchy in western Europe on the North Sea; half the country lies below sea level
  • network    (broadcasting) a communication system consisting of a group of broadcasting stations that all transmit the same programs;  (electronics) a system of interconnected electronic components or circuits;  a system of intersecting lines or channels; an interconnected system of things or people;  an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together at regular intervals;  communicate with and within a group
  • neuroanatomic    of or relating to neural tissue or the nervous system
  • neuropeptide modulators and energy balance
  • neurotransmitter    transmits nerve impulses across a synapse
  • new zealand    North Island and South Island and adjacent small islands in the South Pacific;  an independent country within the British Commonwealth; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1907; known for sheep and spectacular scenery
  • new    unfamiliar;  having no previous example or precedent or parallel;  (of crops) harvested at an early stage of development; before complete maturity;  in use after medieval times;  not of long duration; having just (or relatively recently) come into being or been made or acquired or discovered;  other than the former one(s); different;  unaffected by use or exposure;  used of a living language; being the current stage in its development;  lacking training or experience;  original and of a kind not seen before;  (of a new kind or fashion) gratuitously new;   very recently
  • nicotine    an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco; used in medicine and as an insecticide
  • nicotinic acid    a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract
  • nifedipine    calcium blocker (trade name Procardia); appears to increase the risk of recurrent heart attacks
  • nitrogen    a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
  • nonalcoholic    characterized by the absence of alcohol
  • noncompliance    the failure to obey
  • nonexercise activity thermogenesis
  • nonlipid risk factors classification
  • noradrenaline    a catecholamine precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and also released at synapses
  • noradrenergic and serotoninergic medications
  • norepinephrine    a catecholamine precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and also released at synapses
  • north american society for the study of obesity
  • north    situated in or facing or moving toward or coming from the north;   in a northern direction;   any region lying in or toward the north;  the region of the United States lying north of the Mason Dixon line;  British statesman under George III whose policies led to rebellion in the American colonies (1732 1792);  the cardinal compass point that is at 0 or 360 degrees;  the direction in which a compass needle points;  the United States (especially the northern states during the American Civil War)
  • nortriptyline    a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Pamelor) used along with psychotherapy to treat dysthymic depression; may interact dangerously if taken with other drugs
  • not    negation of a word or group of words
  • nucleus    a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction;  any histologically identifiable mass of neural cell bodies in the brain or spinal cord;  the positively charged dense center of an atom;  (astronomy) the center of the head of a comet; consists of small solid particles of ice and frozen gas that vaporizes on approaching the sun to form the coma and tail;  a small group of indispensable persons or things
  • number    an item of merchandise offered for sale;  a clothing measurement;  the property possessed by a sum or total or indefinite quantity of units or individuals;  the grammatical category for the forms of s and pro s and s that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural);  a numeral or string of numerals that is used for identification;  a select company of people;  a concept of quantity derived from zero and units;  the number is used in calling a particular telephone;  one of a series published periodically;  a symbol used to represent a number;  a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program;   place a limit on the number of;  enumerate;  give numbers to;  determine the number or amount of;  add up in number or quantity;  put into a group
  • nutrient    of or providing nourishment;   any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
  • nutrition    the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans);  (physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance;  a source of materials to nourish the body
  • nutritional rehabilitation and anorexia nervosa
  • nutritional    of or relating to or providing nutrition
  • nutritionally    with regard to nutrition
  • obese adults without leptin deficiency
  • obesity prevalence across lifespan
  • obesity prevalence and determinants
  • obsessive compulsive    characterized by obsessions and compulsions;   a person with obsessive compulsive characteristics
  • obstructive    preventing movement
  • of overweight and obesity in adults
  • off    not performing or scheduled for duties;  not in operation or operational;  (of events) no longer planned or scheduled;  below a satisfactory level;  in an unpalatable state;   no longer on or in contact or attached;  at a distance in space or time;  from a particular thing or place or position (`forth' is obsolete);   kill intentionally and with premeditation
  • oil    oil paint containing pigment that is used by an artist;  a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with water;  any of a group of liquid edible fats that are obtained from plants;   cover with oil, as if by rubbing;  administer an oil or ointment to ; often in a religious ceremony of blessing
  • ointment    semisolid preparation (usually containing a medicine) applied externally as a remedy or for soothing an irritation; toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin
  • on    in operation or operational;  (of events) planned or scheduled;   indicates continuity or persistence or concentration; in a state required for something to function or be effective;  with a forward motion
  • oolong    Chinese tea leaves that have been partially fermented before being dried
  • open    ready for business;  not having been filled;  without undue constriction as from e.g. tenseness or inhibition;  affording unobstructed entrance and exit; not shut or closed;  affording free passage or access;  used of mouth or eyes;  having no protecting cover or enclosure;  (set theory) of an interval that contains neither of its endpoints;  open to or in view of all;  accessible to all;  not sealed or having been unsealed;  not brought to a conclusion; subject to further thought;  not requiring union membership;  openly straightforward and direct without reserve or secretiveness;  affording free passage or view;  open and observable; not secret or hidden; with no protection or shield;  ready or willing to receive favorably;  (of textures) full of small openings or gaps;  possibly accepting or permitting;  not defended or capable of being defended;  information that has become public;  a tournament in which both professionals and amateurs may play;  a clear or unobstructed space or expanse of land or water;  where the air is unconfined;   make available;  become available;  make the opening move;  cause to open or to become open;  become open;  display the contents of a file or start an application as on a computer;  begin or set in action, of meetings, speeches, recitals, etc.;  start to operate or function or cause to start operating or functioning;  have an opening or passage or outlet;  spread out or open from a closed or folded state;  afford access to
  • operational    being in effect or operation;  of or intended for or involved in military operations;  pertaining to a process or series of actions for achieving a result;  fit or ready for use or service
  • operations    financial transactions at a brokerage; having to do with the execution of trades and keeping customer records
  • opportunistic    taking immediate advantage, often unethically, of any circumstance of possible benefit
  • oral contraceptives causing weight gain
  • oral    a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated in the mouth; fixation at this stage is said to result in dependence, selfishness, and aggression;  of or involving the mouth or mouth region or the surface on which the mouth is located;  using speech rather than writing;  of or relating to or affecting or for use in the mouth;   an examination conducted by word of mouth
  • orange    of the color between red and yellow; similar to the color of a ripe orange;   orange color or pigment; any of a range of colors between red and yellow;  round yellow to orange fruit of any of several citrus trees;  a river in South Africa that flows generally westward to the Atlantic Ocean;  any citrus tree bearing oranges;  any pigment producing the orange color
  • organ    wind instrument whose sound is produced by means of pipes arranged in sets supplied with air from a bellows and controlled from a large complex musical keyboard;  a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function;  a periodical that is published by a special interest group;  a government agency or instrument devoted to the performance of some specific function; (music) an electronic simulation of a pipe organ;  a free reed instrument in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows
  • oriented    adjusted or located in relation to surroundings or circumstances; sometimes used in combination
  • osteoarthritis    chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
  • osteoporosis    abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women
  • otherwise    other than as supposed or expected;   in other respects or ways;  in another and different manner
  • ovary    (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone;  the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • over the counter weight control products
  • over the counter    (of securities) not quoted on a stock exchange;  purchasable without a doctor's prescription
  • overeating    eating to excess (personified as one of the deadly sins)
  • overfeeding    excessive feeding
  • overnight    lasting, open, or operating through the whole night;  happening in a short time or with great speed
  • overview    a general summary of a subject
  • overweight    usually describes a large person who is fat but has a large frame to carry it;   the property of excessive fatness
  • oxidase    any of the enzymes that catalyze biological oxidation
  • oxidation    the process of oxidizing; the addition of oxygen to a compound with a loss of electrons; always occurs accompanied by reduction
  • oxidative phosphorylation    an enzymatic process in cell metabolism that synthesizes ATP from ADP
  • oxidative    taking place in the presence of oxygen
  • oxygen    a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
  • pace    a step in walking or running;  the relative speed of progress or change;  the rate of moving (especially walking or running);  a unit of length equal to 3 feet; defined as 91.44 centimeters; originally taken to be the average length of a stride;  the distance covered by a step;  the rate of some repeating event;  measure (distances) by pacing;  regulate or set the pace of;  walk with slow or fast paces;  go at a pace
  • pacific    promoting peace;  disposed to peace or of a peaceful nature;  relating to or bordering the Pacific Ocean;   the largest ocean in the world
  • pacing    walking with slow regular strides;  (music) the speed at which a composition is to be played
  • panel    sheet that forms a distinct (usually flat) section or component of something;  a pad placed under a saddle;  a group of people gathered for a special purpose as to plan or discuss an issue or judge a contest etc;  (law) a group of people summoned for jury service (from whom a jury will be chosen);  electrical device consisting of a flat insulated surface that contains switches and dials and meters for controlling other electrical devices;  (computer science) a small temporary window in a graphical user interface that appears in order to request information from the user; after the information has been provided the user dismisses the box with `okay' or `cancel';  a committee appointed to judge a competition;  decorate with panels;  select from a list
  • paradox    (logic) a statement that contradicts itself
  • parenthood    the state of being a parent
  • parity    functional equality;  (physics) parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right handed system of coordinates as in a left handed system;  (mathematics) a relation between a pair of integers: if both integers are odd or both are even they have the same parity; if one is odd and the other is even they have different parity;  (obstetrics) the number of liveborn children a woman has delivered;  (computer science) a bit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1's or an even number of 1's; e.g., if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1's must contain an error
  • parotid gland    a large salivary gland that produces 50% of daytime saliva; in human beings it is located in front of and below each ear
  • parotid    relating to or located near the parotid gland
  • partial    being or affecting only a part; not total;  showing favoritism;  (followed by `of' or `to') having a strong preference or liking for;   a harmonic with a frequency that is a multiple of the fundamental frequency;  the derivative of a function of two or more variables with respect to a single variable while the other variables are considered to be constant
  • partitioning    the act of dividing or partitioning; separation by the creation of a boundary that divides or keeps apart;  an analysis into mutually exclusive categories
  • passive    lacking in energy or will;  expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the ; peacefully resistant in response to injustice;   the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the
  • pat    exactly suited to the occasion;  having only superficial plausibility;   completely or perfectly;   the sound made by a gentle blow;  a light touch or stroke;   hit lightly;  pat or squeeze fondly or playfully, especially under the chin
  • patch    a piece of cloth used as decoration or to mend or cover a hole;  a short set of commands to correct a bug in a computer program;  a piece of soft material that covers and protects an injured part of the body;  a protective cloth covering for an injured eye;  sewing that repairs a worn or torn hole (especially in a garment);  a connection intended to be used for a limited time;  a small contrasting part of something;  a small area of ground covered by specific vegetation;  a period of indeterminate length (usually short) marked by some action or condition;   mend by putting a patch on;  to join or unite the pieces of;  provide with a patch; also used metaphorically;  repair by adding pieces
  • path    a way especially designed for a particular use;  an established line of travel or access;  a line or route along which something travels or moves;  a course of conduct
  • pathology    the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases;  any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
  • pathway    a trodden path;  a bundle of myelinated nerve fibers following a path through the brain
  • patient    enduring without protest or complaint;  enduring trying circumstances with even temper or characterized by such endurance;   a person who requires medical care;  the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the in the clause
  • peer    a person who is of equal standing with another in a group;  a nobleman (duke or marquis or earl or viscount or baron) who is a member of the British peerage;   look searchingly
  • pepper    sweet and hot varieties of fruits of plants of the genus Capsicum;  pungent seasoning from the berry of the common pepper plant of East India; use whole or ground;  climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully ripe; southern India and Sri Lanka; naturalized in northern Burma and Assam;  any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers;   attack and bombard with or as if with missiles;  add pepper to
  • peptide    amide combining the amino group of one amino acid with the carboxyl group of another; usually obtained by partial hydrolysis of protein
  • perception    the process of perceiving;  knowledge gained by perceiving;  a way of conceiving something;  becoming aware of something via the senses;  the representation of what is perceived; basic component in the formation of a concept
  • periactin    an antihistamine (trade name Periactin) used to treat some allergic reactions
  • perinatal    occurring during the period around birth (5 months before and 1 month after)
  • period    a punctuation mark (.) placed at the end of a declarative sentence to indicate a full stop or after abbreviations;  the end or completion of something;  a unit of geological time during which a system of rocks formed;  one of three periods of play in hockey games;  the interval taken to complete one cycle of a regularly repeating phenomenon;  a stage in the history of a culture having a definable place in space and time;  the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause;  an amount of time
  • peripheral    on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary; the outer area;  related to the key issue but not of central importance;   (computer science) electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer
  • peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma
  • personal    particular to a given individual;  concerning or affecting a particular person or his or her private life and personality; intimately concerning a person's body or physical being;  indicating grammatical person;  of or arising from personality;   a short newspaper article about a particular person or group
  • personality disorder    inflexible and maladaptive patterns of behavior
  • personality    the complex of all the attributes behavioral, temperamental, emotional and mental that characterize a unique individual;  a person of considerable prominence
  • pharmacokinetics    the study of the action of drugs in the body: method and rate of excretion; duration of effect; etc.
  • pharmacologic    of or relating to pharmacology
  • phenobarbital    a long acting barbiturate used as a sedative
  • phenotype    what an organism looks like as a consequence of the interaction of its genotype and the environment
  • phenylpropanolamine    an adrenergic drug used in many preparations to relieve allergic reactions or respiratory infections
  • phenytoin    an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat epilepsy and that is not a sedative
  • phosphate    carbonated drink with fruit syrup and a little phosphoric acid;  a salt of phosphoric acid
  • physical fitness    good physical condition; being in shape or in condition
  • physical    having substance or material existence; perceptible to the senses;  concerned with material things;  characterized by energetic bodily activity;  according with material things or natural laws (other than those peculiar to living matter);  involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit;  relating to the sciences dealing with matter and energy; especially physics;  impelled by physical force especially against resistance
  • physician    a licensed medical practitioner
  • physiological    of or relating to the biological study of physiology;  of or consistent with an organism's normal functioning
  • physiology    processes and functions of an organism;  the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
  • pill    a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet; something that resembles a tablet of medicine in shape or size;  a contraceptive in the form of a pill containing estrogen and progestin to inhibit ovulation and so prevent conception;  something unpleasant or offensive that must be tolerated or endured;  a unpleasant or tiresome person
  • pima    the Uto Aztecan language spoken by the Pima;  a member of the North American Indian people living in southern Arizona and northern Mexico
  • pittsburgh    a city in southwestern Pennsylvania where the confluence of the Allegheny River and Monongahela River forms the Ohio River; long an important urban industrial area; site of Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh
  • pituitary    of or relating to the pituitary gland;  having abnormal size with overgrown extremities resulting from abnormal pituitary secretion;   the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
  • plan    scale drawing of a structure;  a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished;  an arrangement scheme;  make plans for something;  have the will and intention to carry out some action;  make or work out a plan for; devise;  make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form
  • plasma glucose and metabolic syndrome
  • plasma lipids and metabolic syndrome
  • plasma    colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing no cells and in which erythrocytes and leukocytes and platelets are suspended;  (physical chemistry) a fourth state of matter distinct from solid or liquid or gas and present in stars and fusion reactors; a gas becomes a plasma when it is heated until the atoms lose all their electrons, leaving a highly electrified collection of nuclei and free electrons;  a green slightly translucent variety of chalcedony used as a gemstone
  • plethysmograph    a measuring instrument for measuring changes in volume of a part or organ or whole body (usually resulting from fluctuations in the amount of blood it contains)
  • pod    a detachable container of fuel on an airplane;  a group of aquatic mammals;  a several seeded dehiscent fruit as e.g. of a leguminous plant;  the vessel that contains the seeds of a plant (not the seeds themselves);   produce pods, of plants;  take something out of its shell or pod
  • polar    having a pair of equal and opposite charges;  of or existing at or near a geographical pole or within the Arctic or Antarctic Circles;  located at or near or coming from the earth's poles;  being of crucial importance;  extremely cold;  characterized by opposite extremes; completely opposed
  • policy    a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group;  written contract or certificate of insurance;  a line of argument rationalizing the course of action of a government
  • political    involving or characteristic of politics or parties or politicians;  of or relating to your views about social relationships involving authority or power;  of or relating to the profession of governing
  • population    the act of populating (causing to live in a place); (statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which samples can be drawn;  a group of organisms of the same species populating a given area;  the people who inhabit a territory or state;  the number of inhabitants (either the total number or the number of a particular race or class) in a given place (country or city etc.)
  • positive    formally laid down or imposed;  characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance or certainty etc.;  greater than zero;  reckoned, situated or tending in the direction which naturally or arbitrarily is taken to indicate increase or progress or onward motion; indicating existence or presence of a suspected condition or pathogen;  having a positive electric charge;  involving advantage or good;  persuaded of; very sure;  marked by excessive confidence; impossible to deny or disprove;  of or relating to positivism;   a film showing a photographic image whose tones correspond to those of the original subject
  • post absorptive nutrient partitioning
  • post    the delivery and collection of letters and packages;  an upright consisting of a piece of timber or metal fixed firmly in an upright position;  a pole or stake set up to mark something (as the start or end of a race track);  the position where someone (as a guard or sentry) stands or is assigned to stand;  United States manufacturer of breakfast cereals and Postum (1854 1914);  United States female author who wrote a book and a syndicated newspaper column on etiquette (1872 1960);  United States aviator who in 1933 made the first solo flight around the world (1899 1935);  a job in an organization;  military installation at which a body of troops is stationed;  the system whereby messages are transmitted via the post office;  any particular collection of letters or packages that is delivered;   publicize with, or as if with, a poster;  display, as of records in sports games;  mark or expose as infamous;  put up;  affix in a public place or for public notice;  ride Western style and bob up and down in the saddle in rhythm with a horse's trotting gait;  transfer (entries) from one account book to another;  assign to a post; put into a post;  enter on a public list;  cause to be directed or transmitted to another place;  assign to a station;  mark with a stake
  • postabsorptive modifiers and nutrient metabolism
  • postpartum    occurring immediately after birth
  • potassium    a light soft silver white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • potential    existing in possibility;  expected to become or be; in prospect;   the inherent capacity for coming into being;  the difference in electrical charge between two points in a circuit expressed in volts
  • power    possession of controlling influence;  one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority;  (physics) the rate of doing work; measured in watts (= joules/second);  physical strength; possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  a state powerful enough to influence events throughout the world;  a very wealthy or powerful businessman;  (of a government or government official) holding an office means being in power;  supply the force or power for the functioning of
  • practice    a customary way of operation or behavior; translating an idea into action;  the exercise of a profession; knowledge of how something is usually done;  systematic training by multiple repetitions;   avail oneself to;  carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions;  learn by repetition;  engage in a rehearsal (of)
  • pre absorptive nutrient partitioning
  • pre existing    existing previously or before something
  • preclinical    of or relating to the early phases of a disease when accurate diagnosis is not possible because symptoms of the disease have not yet appeared
  • predicted    known beforehand
  • predisposition    a disposition in advance to react in a particular way;  an inclination beforehand to interpret statements in a particular way;  susceptibility to a pathogen
  • prednisone    a dehydrogenated analogue of cortisol (trade names Orasone or Deltasone or Liquid Pred or Meticorten); used as an anti inflammatory drug in the treatment of arthritis and as an immunosuppressant
  • preference    grant of favor or advantage to one over another (especially to a country or countries in matters of international trade, such as levying duties);  the right or chance to choose;  a strong liking;  a predisposition in favor of something
  • pregnancy    the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
  • pregnant    carrying developing offspring within the body or being about to produce new life;  filled with or attended with;  rich in significance or implication
  • premature    uncommonly early or before the expected time; born after a gestation period of less than the normal time;  too soon or too hasty
  • premenopausal    prior to menopause
  • prenatal    occurring or existing before birth
  • prescription    available only with a doctor's written prescription;  written instructions from a physician or dentist to a druggist concerning the form and dosage of a drug to be issued to a given patient;  written instructions for an optician on the lenses for a given person;  directions prescribed beforehand; the action of prescribing authoritative rules or directions;  a drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist
  • pressure    a force that compels;  the somatic sensation that results from applying force to an area of skin;  the force applied to a unit area of surface; measured in pascals (SI unit) or in dynes (cgs unit);  an oppressive condition of physical or mental or social or economic distress;  the act of pressing; the exertion of pressure;  the state of demanding notice or attention;   to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city";  exert pressure on someone through threats
  • prevalence    the quality of prevailing generally; being widespread;  (epidemiology) the ratio (for a given time period) of the number of occurrences of a disease or event to the number of units at risk in the population;  a superiority in numbers or amount
  • prevention    the act of preventing
  • preventive    preventing or contributing to the prevention of disease;  tending to prevent or hinder;  tending to ward off;  remedy that prevents or slows the course of an illness or disease; an agent or device intended to prevent conception;  any obstruction that impedes or is burdensome
  • previous    just preceding something else in time or order;  too soon or too hasty;  (used especially of persons) of the immediate past
  • primary care physician    the physician who provides primary care
  • primary    not derived from or reducible to something else; basic;  of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondhand;  of primary importance;  most important element;  of or being the essential or basic part;   a preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen;  one of the main flight feathers projecting along the outer edge of a bird's wing;  coil forming the part of an electrical circuit such that changing current in it induces a current in a neighboring circuit
  • primates    an animal order including lemurs and tarsiers and monkeys and apes and human beings
  • primrose    any of numerous short stemmed plants of the genus Primula having tufted basal leaves and showy flowers clustered in umbels or heads
  • principal    most important element;   the major party to a financial transaction at a stock exchange; buys and sells for his own account;  the educator who has executive authority for a school; capital as contrasted with the income derived from it;  the original amount of a debt on which interest is calculated;  an actor who plays a principal role
  • print    a picture or design printed from an engraving;  a fabric with a dyed pattern pressed onto it (usually by engraved rollers);  a copy of a movie on film (especially a particular version of it);  the result of the printing process;  a printed picture produced from a photographic negative;  a visible indication made on a surface;  put into print;  write as if with print; not cursive;  reproduce by printing; make into a print; "print the negative"
  • priority    preceding in time;  status established in order of importance or urgency
  • problem solving    the thought processes involved in solving a problem;  the area of cognitive psychology that studies the processes involved in solving problems
  • problem    a question raised for consideration or solution;  a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved;  a source of difficulty
  • problematic    making great mental demands; hard to comprehend or solve or believe;  open to doubt or debate
  • production    (law) the act of exhibiting in a court of law;  the act or process of producing something;  the creation of value or wealth by producing goods and services;  (economics) manufacturing or mining or growing something (usually in large quantities) for sale;  a presentation for the stage or screen or radio or television;  a display that is exaggerated or unduly complicated;  an artifact that has been created by someone or some process;  the quantity of something (as a commodity) that is created (usually within a given period of time)
  • professional    engaged in a profession or engaging in as a profession or means of livelihood;  characteristic of or befitting a profession or one engaged in a profession;  engaged in by members of a profession;  of or relating to a profession;  of or relating to or suitable as a profession;   a person engaged in one of the learned professions;  an athlete who plays for pay;  an authority qualified to teach apprentices
  • profile    biographical sketch;  an analysis (often in graphical form) representing the extent to which something exhibits various characteristics;  a vertical section of the Earth's crust showing the different horizons or layers;  a side view representation of an object (especially a human face);  degree of exposure to public notice;  represent in profile, by drawing or painting;  write about
  • progestational    preceding and favoring gestation; of or relating to physiological changes associated with ovulation and formation of the corpus luteum;  of or relating to progesterone (or to a drug with effects like those of progesterone)
  • progesterone    a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo Lutin) produced in the ovary; prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy
  • progestin    any of a group of steroid hormones that have the effect of progesterone
  • program    a performance (or series of performances) at a public presentation;  a system of projects or services intended to meet a public need;  (computer science) a sequence of instructions that a computer can interpret and execute;  an an cement of the events that will occur as part of a theatrical or sporting event;  a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished;  a document stating the aims and principles of a political party;  a radio or television show;  an integrated course of academic studies;  arrange a program of or for;  write a computer program
  • programming    creating a sequence of instructions to enable the computer to do something;  setting an order and time for planned events
  • progressive    advancing in severity;  favoring or promoting reform (often by government action);  favoring or promoting progress;  (of taxes) adjusted so that the rate increases as the amount of income increases;  gradually advancing in extent;   a tense of s used in describing action that is on going;  a person who favors a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties
  • project    a planned undertaking;  any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted;   present for consideration;  regard as objective;  communicate vividly;  transfer (ideas or principles) from one domain into another;  throw, send, or cast forward;  put or send forth;  draw a projection of;  project on a screen;  cause to be heard; imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind;  make or work out a plan for; devise;  extend out or project in space
  • projected    planned for the future;  extending out above or beyond a surface or boundary
  • promotion    act of raising in rank or position;  a message issued in behalf of some product or cause or idea or person or institution;  encouragement of the progress or growth or acceptance of something;  the advancement of some enterprise
  • prospective noncomparative studies
  • prospective    anticipated for the near future;  concerned with or related to the future
  • prostate specific antigen    a protein manufactured exclusively by the prostate gland; PSA is produced for the ejaculate where it liquifies the semen and allows sperm cells to swim freely; elevated levels of PSA in blood serum are associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer
  • protein    any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes
  • provider based assessment and counseling for exercise
  • provider based assessment and counseling
  • provision    the activity of supplying or providing something;  a stipulated condition;  a store or supply of something (especially of food or clothing or arms);  the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening;   supply with provisions
  • psa    a protein manufactured exclusively by the prostate gland; PSA is produced for the ejaculate where it liquifies the semen and allows sperm cells to swim freely; elevated levels of PSA in blood serum are associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer
  • psychiatric    relating to or used in or engaged in the practice of psychiatry
  • psychoactive agents causing weight gain
  • psychoactive    affecting the mind or mood or other mental processes
  • psychological    mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature;  of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • psychometric    of or relating to psychometrics
  • psychotherapy and anorexia nervosa
  • psychotherapy    the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means;  the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  • public transport    conveyance for passengers or mail or freight
  • public    affecting the people or community as a whole;  not private; open to or concerning the people as a whole;   a body of people sharing some common interest;  people in general considered as a whole
  • pulmonary    relating to or affecting the lungs
  • put    the option to sell a given stock (or stock index or commodity future) at a given price before a given date;   attribute or give;  cause to be in a certain state; cause to be in a certain relation;  put into a certain place or abstract location;  adapt;  cause (someone) to undergo something;  estimate;  arrange thoughts, ideas, temporal events;  formulate in a particular style or language; make an investment
  • pyramid    a massive monument with a square base and four triangular sides; begun by Cheops around 2700 BC as royal tombs in ancient Egypt;  (stock market) a series of transactions in which the speculator increases his holdings by using the rising market value of those holdings as margin for further purchases;  a polyhedron having a polygonal base and triangular sides with a common vertex;  increase rapidly and progressively step by step on a broad base; arrange or build up as if on the base of a pyramid;  use or deal in (as of stock or commercial transaction) in a pyramid deal;  enlarge one's holdings on an exchange on a continued rise by using paper profits as margin to buy additional amounts
  • quality of life    your personal satisfaction (or dissatisfaction) with the cultural or intellectual conditions under which you live (as distinct from material comfort)
  • quality    of high social status;  of superior grade;   an essential and distinguishing attribute of something or someone;  a degree or grade of excellence or worth;  a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something;  high social status;  (music) the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound)
  • race    a contest of speed;  any competition;  people who are believed to belong to the same genetic stock;  a canal for a current of water;  (biology) a taxonomic group that is a division of a species; usually arises as a consequence of geographical isolation within a species;  the flow of air that is driven backwards by an aircraft propeller;   compete in a race;  cause to move fast or to rush or race;  to work as fast as possible towards a goal, sometimes in competition with others;  step on it
  • randomized    set up or distributed in a deliberately random way
  • rapport    a relationship of mutual understanding or trust and agreement between people
  • rate    amount of a charge or payment relative to some basis;  a quantity or amount or measure considered as a proportion of another quantity or amount or measure;  a magnitude or frequency relative to a time unit;  the relative speed of progress or change;  assign a rank or rating to;  estimate the value of;  be worthy of or have a certain rating
  • rates    a local tax on property (usually used in the plural)
  • ratio    the relative magnitudes of two quantities (usually expressed as a quotient)
  • rationale    (law) an explanation of the fundamental reasons (especially an explanation of the working of some device in terms of laws of nature)
  • reaction    doing something in opposition to another way of doing it that you don't like;  a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some foregoing stimulus or agent;  an idea evoked by some experience;  extreme conservatism in political or social matters;  a response that reveals a person's feelings or attitude;  (mechanics) the equal and opposite force that is produced when any force is applied to a body;  (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others
  • readiness    prompt willingness;  the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action (especially military action);  a natural effortlessness;  (psychology) being temporarily ready to respond in a particular way
  • ready    (of especially money) immediately available;  brought into readiness;  completely prepared or in condition for immediate action or use or progress;  mentally disposed;  apprehending and responding with speed and sensitivity;   poised for action;  make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc;  prepare for eating by applying heat
  • realistic    aware or expressing awareness of things as they really are;  of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of realism; representing what is real; not abstract or ideal
  • rebound    the act of securing possession of the rebounding basketball after a missed shot;  a reaction to a crisis or setback or frustration;  a movement back from an impact;   return to a former condition;  spring back; spring away from an impact
  • recent    near to or not long before the present;  being new in a time not long past;  of the immediate past or just previous to the present time;   approximately the last 10,000 years
  • receptor    a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response;  an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
  • recommendation    any quality or characteristic that gains a person a favorable reception or acceptance or admission;  something (as a course of action) that is recommended as advisable; something that recommends (or expresses commendation) of a person or thing as worthy or desirable
  • recommended    mentioned as worthy of acceptance
  • recreational    of or relating to recreation;  engaged in as a pastime
  • red    red with or characterized by blood;  of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies;  characterized by violence or bloodshed;  (especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion;   red color or pigment; the chromatic color resembling the hue of blood;  a tributary of the Mississippi River that flows eastward from Texas along the southern boundary of Oklahoma and through Louisiana;  emotionally charged terms used to refer to extreme radicals or revolutionaries;  the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue
  • reductase    an enzyme that catalyses the biochemical reduction of some specified substance
  • reduction    the act of reducing complexity;  any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent;  the act of decreasing or reducing something
  • reference    the act of referring or consulting;  the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to;  the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to;  a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to;  a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts;  a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability;  a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage;  a remark that calls attention to something or someone;  an indicator that orients you generally;   refer to
  • regain    get or find back; recover the use of;  come upon after searching; find the location of something that was missed or lost
  • regional    related or limited to a particular region;  characteristic of a region
  • regular    in accord with regular practice or procedure;  relating to a person who does something regularly;  officially full time;  not deviating from what is normal;  in accordance with fixed order or procedure or principle;  (of solids) having clear dimensions that can be measured; volume can be determined with a suitable geometric formula;  (used of the military) belonging to or engaged in by legitimate army forces;  conforming to a standard or pattern; regularly scheduled for fixed times;  often used as intensifiers;  not constipated;  occurring at fixed intervals;  symmetrically arranged;  a garment size for persons of average height and weight;  a regular patron;  a dependable follower (especially in party politics);  a soldier in the regular army
  • regulation    prescribed by or according to regulation;   the act of controlling or directing according to rule;  the act of bringing to uniformity; making regular;  an authoritative rule;  (embryology) the ability of an early embryo to continue normal development after its structure has been somehow damaged or altered;  the state of being controlled or governed;  a principle or condition that customarily governs behavior
  • rehabilitation    the restoration of someone to a useful place in society;  the treatment of physical disabilities by massage and electrotherapy and exercises;  vindication of a person's character and the re establishment of that person's reputation;  the conversion of wasteland into land suitable for use of habitation or cultivation
  • relapse    a failure to maintain a higher state;   go back to bad behavior;  deteriorate in health
  • relative    not absolute or complete;  properly related in size or degree or other measurable characteristics; usually followed by `to';  an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus); a person related by blood or marriage
  • release    (music) the act or manner of terminating a musical phrase or tone;  a formal written statement of relinquishment;  activity that frees or expresses creative energy or emotion;  merchandise issued for sale or public showing (especially a record or film);  a device that when pressed will release part of a mechanism;  a process that liberates or discharges something;  the act of liberating someone or something;  the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart);  the act of allowing a fluid to escape;  a legal document evidencing the discharge of a debt or obligation;  an an cement distributed to members of the press in order to supplement or replace an oral presentation;  euphemistic expressions for death;   part with a possession or right;  generate and separate from cells or bodily fluids;  eliminate (substances) from the body;  make (assets) available;  prepare and issue for public distribution or sale;  let (something) fall or spill a container;  release, as from one's grip;  grant freedom to; free from confinement;  make (information) available publication
  • releasing    emotionally purging (of e.g. art)
  • replacement    the act of furnishing an equivalent person or thing in the place of another;  a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another;  an event in which one thing is substituted for another;  a person who follows next in order;  someone who takes the place of another person;  filling again by supplying what has been used up
  • report    a short account of the news;  the act of informing by al report;  a written document describing the findings of some individual or group;  a sharp explosive sound (especially the sound of a gun firing);  the general estimation that the public has for a person; an essay (especially one written as an assignment);  a written evaluation of a student's scholarship and deportment;   to give an account or representation of in words;  make known to the authorities;  complain about; make a charge against;  an ce one's presence;  an ce as the result of an investigation, or an ce something to the proper authorities;  be responsible for reporting the details of, as in journalism
  • reproduction    the sexual activity of conceiving and bearing offspring;  the act of making copies;  recall that is hypothesized to work by storing the original stimulus input and reproducing it during recall;  the process of generating offspring;  copy that is not the original; something that has been copied
  • reproductive system    organs and tissues involved in the production and maturation of gametes and in their union and subsequent development as offspring
  • reproductive    producing new life or offspring
  • research    systematic investigation to establish facts;  a search for knowledge;   inquire into;  attempt to find out in a systematically and scientific manner
  • reserve    the trait of being uncommunicative; not volunteering anything more than necessary;  something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose;  (medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain vital functions;  formality and propriety of manner;  armed forces that are not on active duty but can be called in an emergency;  a district that is reserved for particular purpose;  an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced;  obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance;  hold back or set aside, especially for future use or contingency;  arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance;  give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause
  • residence    the official house or establishment of an important person (as a sovereign or president);  any address at which you dwell more than temporarily;  the act of dwelling in a place;  a large and imposing house
  • residential    used or designed for residence or limited to residences;  of or relating to or connected with residence
  • residual    relating to or indicating a remainder;   (often plural) a payment that is made to a performer or writer or director of a television show or commercial that is paid for every repeat showing;  something left after other parts have been taken away
  • resistance    the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with;  the military action of resisting the enemy's advance;  group action in opposition to those in power; (psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness;  the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin resistant bacteria);  any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion;  an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current;  a secret group organized to overthrow a government or occupation force;  a material's opposition to the flow of electric current; measured in ohms;  (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
  • resonance    the quality imparted to voiced speech sounds by the action of the resonating chambers of the throat and mouth and nasal cavities;  a vibration of large amplitude produced by a relatively small vibration near the same frequency of vibration as the natural frequency of the resonating system;  an excited state of a stable particle causing a sharp maximum in the probability of absorption of electromagnetic radiation;  having the character of a loud deep sound; the quality of being resonant;  a relationship of mutual understanding or trust and agreement between people
  • respiratory    pertaining to respiration
  • response    a phrase recited or sung by the congregation following a versicle by the priest or minister;  a result;  a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some foregoing stimulus or agent;  the manner in which something is greeted;  a statement (either spoken or written) that is made in reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation;  the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
  • responsiveness    the quality of being responsive; reacting quickly; as a quality of people, it involves responding with emotion to people and events;  responsive to stimulation
  • rest    freedom from activity (work or strain or responsibility);  a support on which things can be put;  a musical notation indicating a silence of a specified duration;  euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb);  a state of inaction; something left after other parts have been taken away;  a pause for relaxation;   be at rest;  take a short break from one's activities in order to relax;  give a rest to;  not move; be in a resting position;  put something in a resting position, as for support or steadying;  be inactive, refrain from acting;  be inherent or innate in;  stay the same; remain in a certain state;  rest on or as if on a pillow;  sit, as on a branch;  have a place in relation to something else
  • restrained    under restraint;  prudent;  cool and formal in manner;  free from ostentation or pretension;  not showy or obtrusive; marked by avoidance of extravagance or extremes
  • restriction    the act of keeping something within specified bounds (by force if necessary);  a principle that limits the extent of something;  an act of limiting or restricting (as by regulation)
  • retention    the act of retaining something;  the power of retaining liquid;  the power of retaining and recalling past experience
  • reuptake    a process of using up or consuming again
  • review    practice intended to polish performance or refresh the memory;  (law) a judicial reexamination of the proceedings of a court (especially by an appellate court);  an essay or article that gives a critical evaluation (as of a book or play);  a periodical that publishes critical essays on current affairs or literature or art;  (accounting) a service (less exhaustive than an audit) that provides some assurance to interested parties as to the reliability of financial data;  a subsequent examination of a patient for the purpose of monitoring earlier treatment;  a formal or official examination;  a new appraisal or evaluation;  a summary at the end that repeats the substance of a longer discussion;  a variety show with topical sketches and songs and dancing and comedians;   look at again; examine again; look back upon (a period of time, sequence of events); remember; hold a review (of troops);  refresh one's memory;  appraise critically
  • rhythm    recurring at regular intervals;  the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements;  the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music;  natural family planning in which ovulation is assumed to occur 14 days before the onset of a period (the fertile period would be assumed to extend from day 10 through day 18 of her cycle);  an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs
  • ring    jewelry consisting of a circlet of precious metal (often set with jewels) worn on the finger;  a square platform marked off by ropes in which contestants box or wrestle;  a characteristic sound; the sound of a bell ringing;  a toroidal shape;  a strip of material attached to the leg of a bird to identify it (as in studies of bird migration);  a rigid circular band of metal or wood or other material used for holding or fastening or hanging or pulling;  an association of criminals;  (chemistry) a chain of atoms in a molecule that forms a closed loop;   attach a ring to the foot of, in order to identify; sound loudly and sonorously;  make (bells) ring, often for the purposes of musical edification;  get or try to get into communication (with someone) by telephone;  ring or echo with sound;  be around
  • risk    a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury;  the probability of being exposed to an infectious agent;  the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred;  a source of danger; a possibility of incurring loss or misfortune;   expose to a chance of loss or damage;  take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome
  • role    normal or customary activity of a person in a particular social setting;  the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group;  what something is used for;  an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
  • running    continually repeated over a period of time;  (of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing;  executed or initiated by running;  (of fluids) moving or issuing in a stream;  of advancing the ball by running;  moving quickly on foot;  measured lengthwise;  the act of administering or being in charge of something;  the state of being in operation;  the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace;  the act of participating in an athletic competition involving running on a track;  (American football) a play in which a player attempts to carry the ball through or past the opposing team
  • rural    living in or characteristic of farming or country life; relating to rural areas
  • russell    English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872 1970);  Irish writer whose pen name was A.E. (1867 1935);  United States astronomer who developed a theory of stellar evolution (1877 1957);  United States entertainer remembered for her roles in comic operas (1861 1922); United States basketball center (born in 1934);  English film director (born in 1927);  United States religious leader who founded the sect that is now called Jehovah's Witnesses (1852 1916)
  • s    the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • sad    experiencing or showing sorrow or unhappiness;  of things that make you feel sad;  bad; unfortunate
  • safety    a score in American football; a player is tackled behind his own goal line;  a safe place;  the state of being certain that adverse effects will not be caused by some agent under defined conditions;  (baseball) the successful act of striking a baseball in such a way that the batter reaches base safely;  contraceptive device consisting of a sheath of thin rubber or latex that is worn over the penis during intercourse;  a device designed to prevent injury
  • sagittal    located in a plane that is parallel to the central plane of the sagittal suture
  • saliva    a clear liquid secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the mouth; moistens the mouth and starts the digestion of starches
  • satiation    the act of achieving full gratification;  the state of being satisfactorily full and unable to take on more
  • satiety    the state of being satisfactorily full and unable to take on more
  • scale    a flattened rigid plate forming part of the body covering of many animals;  an indicator having a graduated sequence of marks;  a measuring instrument for weighing; shows amount of mass;  (music) a series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific scheme (usually within an octave);  a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the skin;  a specialized leaf or bract that protects a bud or catkin;  relative magnitude;  the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it;  an ordered reference standard;  a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners);  size or measure according to a scale;  measure with or as if with scales;  remove the scales from;  pattern, make, regulate, set, measure, or estimate according to some rate or standard;  climb up by means of a ladder;  reach the highest point of;  take by attacking with scaling ladders;  measure by or as if by a scale
  • scan    the act of scanning; systematic examination of a prescribed region;  an image produced by scanning;   read metrically;  make a wide, sweeping search of;  move a light beam over; in electronics, to reproduce an image;  examine hastily; examine minutely or intensely;  conform to a metrical pattern;  obtain data from magnetic tapes
  • scanner    a radio receiver that moves automatically across some selected range of frequencies looking for some signal or condition;  a radar dish that rotates or oscillates in order to scan a broad area;  an electronic device that generates a digital representation of an image for data input to a computer;  someone who scans verse to determine the number and prosodic value of the syllables
  • school    a building where young people receive education;  the process of being formally educated at a school;  a large group of fish; a body of creative artists or writers or thinkers linked by a similar style or by similar teachers;  an educational institution;  an educational institution's faculty and students;  the period of instruction in a school; the time period when schools is in session;  swim in or form a large group of fish;  educate in or as if in a school;  train to be discriminative in taste or judgment
  • scoring    evaluation of performance by assigning a grade or score
  • screening    testing objects or persons in order to identify those with particular characteristics;  fabric of metal or plastic mesh; the display of a motion picture;  the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it
  • seasonal    occurring at or dependent on a particular season;  a worker who finds employment only in certain seasons
  • secretion    a functionally specialized substance (especially one that is not a waste) released from a gland or cell;  the organic process of synthesizing and releasing some substance
  • sedentary    requiring sitting or little activity
  • see also health related quality of life
  • see also quality of life measures
  • see    the seat within a bishop's diocese where his cathedral is located;   be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;  deem to be;  deliberate or decide;  match or meet; receive as a specified guest;  accompany or escort;  perceive by sight or have the power to perceive by sight;  see and understand, have a good eye;  observe as if with an eye;  go to see for professional or business reasons;  go to see for a social visit;  perceive (an idea or situation) mentally;  get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally;  make sense of; assign a meaning to;  find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort; imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind;  come together;  go or live through;  perceive or be contemporaneous with;  observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect;  see or watch;  date regularly; have a steady relationship with;  visit a place, as for entertainment;  take charge of or deal with
  • seeking    trying to obtain;   an attempt to acquire or gain something;  the act of searching for something
  • selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
  • selective    tending to select; characterized by careful choice; characterized by very careful or fastidious selection
  • self help groups for bulimia nervosa
  • self help    the act of helping or improving yourself without relying on anyone else
  • self    (used as a combining form) relating to of or by or to or from or for the self;   your consciousness of your own identity; a person considered as a unique individual
  • sensibly    with good sense or in a reasonable or intelligent manner
  • sensitivity    the ability to respond to affective changes in your interpersonal environment;  the ability to respond to physical stimuli or to register small physical amounts or differences;  (physiology) responsiveness to external stimuli; the faculty of sensation; sensitivity to emotional feelings (of self and others);  susceptibility to a pathogen
  • sensitizer    (chemistry) a substance other than a catalyst that facilitates the start of a catalytic reaction
  • serotonin antagonist causing weight gain
  • serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor
  • serotonin    a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memory
  • sertraline    a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Zoloft)
  • serum    watery fluid of the blood that resembles plasma but contains fibrinogen
  • services    performance of duties or provision of space and equipment helpful to others
  • setting    the context and environment in which something is set;  the physical position of something;  the state of the environment in which a situation exists;  arrangement of scenery and properties to represent the place where a play or movie is enacted;  a mounting consisting of a piece of metal (as in a ring or other jewelry) that holds a gem in place;  a table service for one person
  • severely    to a severe or serious degree;  causing great damage or hardship;  with sternness; in a severe manner
  • sex    the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles;  all of the feelings resulting from the urge to gratify sexual impulses;  either of the two categories (male or female) into which most organisms are divided;  activities associated with sexual intercourse;   tell the sex (of young chickens);  stimulate sexually
  • sexual abuse    a statutory offense that provides that it is a crime to knowingly cause another person to engage in an unwanted sexual act by force or threat
  • sexual    having or involving sex;  of or relating to or characterized by sexuality;  involved in a sexual relationship
  • shape    the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance;  any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline);  a concrete representation of an otherwise nebulous concept;  the visual appearance of something or someone; alternative names for the body of a human being;  a perceptual structure;  the supreme headquarters that advises NATO on military matters and oversees all aspects of the Allied Command Europe; the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases `in condition' or `in shape' or `out of condition' or `out of shape');   give shape or form to;  make something, usually for a specific function;  shape or influence; give direction to
  • short term    relating to or extending over a limited period
  • short    tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening;  (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length;  primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration;  of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration;  not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices;  lacking foresight or scope; low in stature; not tall;  marked by rude or peremptory shortness;  (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range;  not sufficient to meet a need;  less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so;   at a disadvantage;  so as to interrupt;  at some point or distance before a goal is reached;  clean across;  without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold;  quickly and without warning;  in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner;   the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed;  the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base;  accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference;  create a short circuit in;  cheat someone by not returning him enough money
  • sibutramine trial of obesity reduction and maintenance
  • sickness    defectiveness or unsoundness;  impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism;  the state that precedes vomiting
  • side    located on a side;   an extended outer surface of an object;  either the left or right half of a body;  an aspect of something (as contrasted with some other implied aspect);  an opinion that is held in opposition to another in an argument or dispute;  a lengthwise dressed half of an animal's carcass used for food;  a family line of descent;  one of two or more contesting groups;  a surface forming part of the outside of an object;  a line segment forming part of the perimeter of a plane figure;  a place within a region identified relative to a center or reference location;  (sports) the spin given to a ball by striking it on one side or releasing it with a sharp twist;  an elevated geological formation;   take sides with; align oneself with; show strong sympathy for;  take the side of; be on the side of
  • sign    used of the language of the deaf;   a perceptible indication of something not immediately apparent (as a visible clue that something has happened);  a public display of a (usually written) message;  a character indicating a relation between quantities;  a gesture that is part of a sign language;  a fundamental linguistic unit linking a signifier to that which is signified;  (medicine) any objective evidence of the presence of a disorder or disease;  structure displaying a board on which advertisements can be posted;  any communication that encodes a message;  an event that is experienced as indicating important things to come;  (astrology) one of 12 equal areas into which the zodiac is divided;  having an indicated pole (as the distinction between positive and negative electric charges);   be engaged by a written agreement; communicate in sign language;  mark with one's signature; write one's name (on);  communicate silently and non ally by signals or signs;  place signs, as along a road;  engage by written agreement;  approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation;  make the sign of the cross over someone in order to call on God for protection; consecrate
  • signal    notably out of the ordinary;   any communication that encodes a message;  any incitement to action;  an electric quantity (voltage or current or field strength) whose modulation represents coded information about the source from which it comes;  be a signal for or a symptom of;  communicate silently and non ally by signals or signs
  • signaling    any communication that encodes a message
  • silastic ring vertical banded gastroplasty
  • silicone    any of a large class of siloxanes that are unusually stable over a wide range of temperatures; used in lubricants and adhesives and coatings and synthetic rubber and electrical insulation
  • single    not divided among or brought to bear on more than one object or objective;  having uniform application;  existing alone or consisting of one entity or part or aspect or individual;  used of flowers having usually only one row or whorl of petals;  being or characteristic of a single thing or person;  not married or related to the unmarried state;  characteristic of or meant for a single person or thing;   a base hit on which the batter stops safely at first base;  hit a single
  • sip    a small drink;   drink in sips
  • size    (used in combination) sized;   the property resulting from being one of a series of graduated measurements (as of clothing);  the physical magnitude of something (how big it is);  a large magnitude;  the actual state of affairs;  any glutinous material used to fill pores in surfaces or to stiffen fabrics;   make to a size; bring to a suitable size;  sort according to size;  cover or stiffen or glaze a porous material with size or sizing (a glutinous substance)
  • skeletal muscle    a muscle that is connected at either or both ends to a bone and so move parts of the skeleton; a muscle that is characterized by transverse stripes
  • skeletal    of or relating to or forming or attached to a skeleton; very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
  • sleep apnea    apnea that occurs during sleep
  • sleep    a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended;  a torpid state resembling deep sleep;  a period of time spent sleeping;  euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb);  be asleep;  be able to accommodate for sleeping
  • sleepiness    a very sleepy state
  • small    limited or below average in number or quantity or magnitude or extent;  slight or limited; especially in degree or intensity or scope;  have fine or very small constituent particles; made to seem smaller or less (especially in worth);  limited in size or scope;  (of a voice) faint;  lowercase;  not large but sufficient in size or amount;  (of children and animals) young, immature;  low or inferior in station or quality;   on a small scale;   a garment size for a small person;  the slender part of the back
  • smoking    emitting smoke in great volume;   the act of smoking tobacco or other substances;  a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
  • social status    position in a social hierarchy
  • social    marked by friendly companionship with others;  living together or enjoying life in communities or organized groups;  tending to move or live together in groups or colonies of the same kind; composed of sociable people or formed for the purpose of sociability;  relating to human society and its members;  relating to or belonging to or characteristic of high society;   a party of people assembled to promote sociability and communal activity
  • societal    relating to human society and its members
  • society    an extended social group having a distinctive cultural and economic organization;  the fashionable elite;  a formal association of people with similar interests;  the state of being with someone
  • sociocultural    relating to both social and cultural matters
  • socioeconomic    involving social as well as economic factors
  • sodium    a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
  • soft    not brilliant or glaring;  willing to negotiate and compromise;  out of condition; not strong or robust; incapable of exertion or endurance;  yielding readily to pressure or weight; compassionate and kind; conciliatory;  (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward the hard palate; characterized by a hissing or hushing sound (as `s' and `sh');  (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected;  (of sound) relatively low in volume;  not protected against attack (especially by nuclear weapons);  using evidence not readily amenable to experimental verification or refutation;  (of a commodity or market or currency) falling or likely to fall in value;  mild and pleasant;  not burdensome or demanding; borne or done easily and without hardship;  having little impact;  used chiefly as a direction or description in music;  soft and mild; not harsh or stern or severe; tolerant or lenient;  produced with vibration of the vocal cords;  easily hurt;   in a relaxed manner; or without hardship
  • solving    finding a solution to a problem
  • sos    an internationally recognized distress signal in radio code
  • south    situated in or facing or moving toward or coming from the south;   in a southern direction;   any region lying in or toward the south;  the region of the United States lying south of the Mason Dixon line;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
  • special    for a special service or occasion;  adapted to or reserved for a particular purpose;  surpassing what is common or usual or expected;  having a specific function or scope;  unique or specific to a person or thing or category;  first and most important; added to a regular schedule;   a television production that features a particular person or work or topic;  a special offering (usually temporary and at a reduced price) that is featured in advertising;  a dish or meal given prominence in e.g. a restaurant
  • specific    stated explicitly or in detail;  (sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique;  being or affecting a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition; used also of stains or dyes used in making microscope slides;  relating to or distinguishing or constituting a taxonomic species;   a medicine that has a mitigating effect on a specific disease;  a fact about some part (as opposed to general)
  • specificity    the quality of being specific rather than general; the quality of being specific to a particular organism
  • specified    clearly and explicitly stated
  • spiritual    lacking material body or form or substance; concerned with or affecting the spirit or soul;  resembling or characteristic of a phantom;  concerned with sacred matters or religion or the church;   a kind of religious song originated by Blacks in the southern United States
  • spironolactone    a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
  • spray    flower arrangement consisting of a single branch or shoot bearing flowers and foliage;  a jet of vapor;  a quantity of small objects flying through the air;  a pesticide in suspension or solution; intended for spraying;  water in small drops in the atmosphere; blown from waves or thrown up by a waterfall;  a dispenser that turns a liquid (such as perfume) into a fine mist;   scatter in a mass or jet of droplets;  cover by spraying with a liquid;  be discharged in sprays of liquid
  • ssri    an antidepressant drug that acts by blocking the reuptake of serotonin so that more serotonin is available to act on receptors in the brain
  • stability    the quality or attribute of being firm and steadfast;  a stable order;  the quality of being enduring and free from change or variation
  • stage    a section or portion of a journey or course;  a large platform on which people can stand and can be seen by an audience;  a small platform on a microscope where the specimen is mounted for examination;  the theater as a profession (usually `the stage');  any scene regarded as a setting for exhibiting or doing something;  a large coach and four formerly used to carry passengers and mail on regular routes between towns;  a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process;  any distinct time period in a sequence of events;   plan, organize, and carry out (an event);  perform (a play), especially on a stage
  • staged    written for or performed on the stage;  deliberately arranged for effect
  • standard    commonly used or supplied;  regularly and widely used or sold;  established or widely recognized as a model of authority or excellence;  conforming to or constituting a standard of measurement or value; or of the usual or regularized or accepted kind;  conforming to the established language usage of educated native speakers;   any distinctive flag;  an upright pole or beam (especially one used as a support);  a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated;  the value behind the money in a monetary system;  a board measure = 1980 board feet;  the ideal in terms of which something can be judged
  • starvation    the act of depriving of food or subjecting to famine;  a state of extreme hunger resulting from lack of essential nutrients over a prolonged period
  • state    the way something is with respect to its main attributes; a politically organized body of people under a single government; the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign state; the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation;  a state of depression or agitation;  the federal department in the United States that sets and maintains foreign policies;  the territory occupied by a nation;  (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container);   express in words;  put before;  indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.
  • status    the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society;  a state at a particular time
  • step    the act of changing location by raising the foot and setting it down;  support consisting of a place to rest the foot while ascending or descending a stairway;  a solid block joined to the beams in which the heel of a ship's mast or capstan is fixed;  a short distance;  any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal;  a sequence of foot movements that make up a particular dance;  a mark of a foot or shoe on a surface;  a musical interval of two semitones;  the sound of a step of someone walking;  the distance covered by a step;  relative position in a graded series;   move or proceed as if by steps into a new situation;  place (a ship's mast) in its step;  shift or move by taking a step;  put down or press the foot, place the foot;  walk a short distance to a specified place or in a specified manner;  move with one's feet in a specific manner;  furnish with steps;  cause (a computer) to execute a single command; measure (distances) by pacing;  treat badly
  • steroid hormones causing weight gain
  • steroid intracellular receptor superfamily
  • steroid    any of several fat soluble organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms in four rings; many have important physiological effects;  any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
  • stigma    a skin lesion that is a diagnostic sign of some disease;  an external tracheal aperture in a terrestrial arthropod;  the apical end of the style where deposited pollen enters the pistil;  a symbol of disgrace or infamy
  • stimulating    rousing or quickening activity or the senses; making lively and cheerful;  that stimulates
  • stimulus    any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action
  • storm    a direct and violent assault on a stronghold;  a violent weather condition with winds 64 72 knots (11 on the Beaufort scale) and precipitation and thunder and lightening;  a violent commotion or disturbance;   attack by storm; attack suddenly;  take by force; blow hard;  rain, hail, or snow hard and be very windy, often with thunder or lightning;  behave violently, as if in state of a great anger
  • strategy    the branch of military science dealing with military command and the planning and conduct of a war;  an elaborate and systematic plan of action
  • strengthening    the act of increasing the strength of something;  becoming stronger
  • stress    the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch);  (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body;  difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension;  special emphasis attached to something; (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense;  put stress on; utter with an accent;  to stress, single out as important; test the limits of
  • stroke    a light touch with the hands;  a single complete movement;  (sports) the act of swinging or striking at a ball with a club or racket or bat or cue or hand;  any one of the repeated movements of the limbs and body used for locomotion in swimming or rowing;  a mark made by a writing implement (as in cursive writing);  a light touch;  the oarsman nearest the stern of the shell who sets the pace for the rest of the crew;  a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain;  a punctuation mark (/) used to separate related items of information;  the maximum movement available to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam;   treat gingerly or carefully;  strike a ball with a smooth blow;  row at a particular rate;  touch lightly and with affection, with brushing motions
  • structure    a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts;  the manner of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts;  a particular complex anatomical part;  the complex composition of knowledge as elements and their combinations;  the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships;   give a structure to
  • study    a room used for reading and writing and studying;  a state of deep mental absorption;  applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading);  a composition intended to develop one aspect of the performer's technique; someone who memorizes quickly and easily (as the lines for a part in a play);  a detailed critical inspection;  preliminary drawing for later elaboration;  attentive consideration and meditation;  a branch of knowledge;  a written document describing the findings of some individual or group;   learn by reading books;  be a student; follow a course of study; be enrolled at an institute of learning;  think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes;  give careful consideration to;  be a student of a certain subject;  consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning
  • stunting    the performance of stunts while in flight in an aircraft
  • subgrouping with metabolic syndrome
  • subordination    the quality of obedient submissiveness;  the grammatical relation of a modifying word or phrase to its head;  the state of being subordinate to something;  the act of mastering or subordinating someone;  the semantic relation of being subordinate or belonging to a lower rank or class
  • substance abuse    excessive use of drugs
  • substance    that which has mass and occupies space;  the stuff of which an object consists;  the idea that is intended;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  what a communication that is about something is about; considerable capital (wealth or income)
  • substrate    an indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population;  any stratum or layer lying underneath another;  a surface on which an organism grows or is attached;  the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
  • sulfate    a salt or ester of sulphuric acid;   convert into a sulfate
  • summary    briefly giving the gist of something;  performed speedily and without formality;   a brief statement that presents the main points in a concise form
  • sumo    a Japanese form of wrestling; you lose if you are forced out of a small ring or if any part of your body (other than your feet) touches the ground
  • superfamily    (biology) a taxonomic group ranking below an order but above a family
  • supervised    under observation or under the direction of a superintendent or overseer
  • support groups for bulimia nervosa
  • support    a military operation (often involving new supplies of men and materiel) to strengthen a military force or aid in the performance of its mission;  the act of bearing the weight of or strengthening;  aiding the cause or policy or interests of;  the activity of providing for or maintaining by supplying with money or necessities;  any device that bears the weight of another thing; supporting structure that holds up or provides a foundation; something providing immaterial assistance to a person or cause or interest;  the financial means whereby one lives;  financial resources provided to make some project possible;  documentary validation;  a subordinate musical part; provides background for more important parts;   play a subordinate role to (another performer);  support materially or financially;  give moral or psychological support, aid, or courage to;  establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; put up with something or somebody unpleasant;  adopt as a belief; argue or speak in defense of;  be a regular customer or client of;  be the physical support of; carry the weight of;  be behind; approve of; support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm
  • suppressant    a drug that suppresses appetite
  • suppression    forceful prevention; putting down by power or authority;  the act of withholding or withdrawing some book or writing from publication or circulation;  (botany) the failure to develop of some part or organ of a plant;  (psychology) the conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or desires
  • suppressors of cytokine signaling
  • surface    on the surface;  involving a surface only;   the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary;  a superficial aspect as opposed to the real nature of something;  the extended two dimensional outer boundary of a three dimensional object;  the outermost level of the land or sea;  a device that provides reactive force when in motion relative to the surrounding air; can lift or control a plane in flight; information that has become public;   come to the surface; appear or become visible; make a showing;  put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface
  • surgery    a room where a doctor or dentist can be consulted; the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures;  a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body;  a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations
  • surgical    performed with great precision;  relating to or requiring or amenable to treatment by surgery especially as opposed to medicine;  of or relating to or involving or used in surgery
  • surgically    in a surgical manner; by means of surgery
  • survey    a detailed critical inspection;  the act of looking or seeing or observing;  short descriptive summary (of events);  consider in a comprehensive way;  plot a map of (land);  make a survey of; for statistical purposes;  look over in a comprehensively, inspect;  hold a review (of troops);  keep under surveillance
  • susceptibility    the state of being susceptible; easily affected
  • sweden    a Scandinavian kingdom in the eastern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula
  • swedish    of or relating to or characteristic of Sweden or its people or culture or language;   a Scandinavian language that is the official language of Sweden and one of two official languages of Finland
  • sweet clover    erect annual or biennial plant grown extensively especially for hay and soil improvement
  • sweet    pleasing to the senses;  (used of wines) having a high residual sugar content;  having or denoting the characteristic taste of sugar;  having a natural fragrance;  not containing or composed of salt water;  having a sweet nature befitting an angel or cherub; pleasing to the ear;  pleasing to the mind or feeling;  with sweetening added;  not soured or preserved;   in an affectionate or loving manner (`sweet' is sometimes a poetic or informal variant of `sweetly');   the taste experience when sugar dissolves in the mouth;  a food rich in sugar;  English phonetician; one of the founders of modern phonetics (1845 1912);  the property of tasting as if it contains sugar;  a dish served as the last course of a meal
  • sweetened    with sweetening added
  • swelling    abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement; the swelling of certain substances when they are heated (often accompanied by release of water)
  • switch    the act of changing one thing or position for another; a basketball maneuver; two defensive players shift assignments so that each guards the player usually guarded by the other;  a flexible implement used as an instrument of punishment;  control consisting of a mechanical or electrical or electronic device for making or breaking or changing the connections in a circuit;  railroad track having two movable rails and necessary connections; used to turn a train from one track to another or to store rolling stock;  hairpiece consisting of a tress of false hair; used by women to give shape to a coiffure;  an event in which one thing is substituted for another;  make a shift in or exchange of;  lay aside, abandon, or leave for another;  flog with or as if with a flexible rod;  reverse (a direction, attitude, or course of action);  change over, change around, as to a new order or sequence;  cause to go on or to be engaged or set in operation;  exchange or give (something) in exchange for
  • sympathetic nervous system and leptin
  • sympathetic nervous system    originates in the thoracic regions of the spinal cord; opposes physiological effects of the parasympathetic: reduces digestive secretions; speeds the heart; contracts blood vessels
  • sympathetic    expressing or feeling or resulting from sympathy or compassion or friendly fellow feelings; disposed toward;  (of characters in literature or drama) evoking empathic or sympathetic feelings;  of or relating to the sympathetic nervous system;  having similar disposition and tastes;  relating to vibrations that occur as a result of vibrations in a nearby body;  showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding and generosity
  • sympathomimetic and serotonergic drugs
  • sympathomimetic    relating to epinephrine (its release or action)
  • syndrome    a complex of concurrent things;  a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
  • synthesis    the combination of ideas into a complex whole; the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds);  reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)
  • synthetic    of a proposition whose truth value is determined by observation or facts;  systematic combining of root and modifying elements into single words;  involving or of the nature of synthesis (combining separate elements to form a coherent whole) as opposed to analysis;  not genuine or natural;  artificial as if portrayed in a film;  not of natural origin; prepared or made artificially;   a compound made artificially by chemical reactions
  • system    instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity;  the living body considered as made up of interdependent components forming a unified whole;  a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts;  a complex of methods or rules governing behavior; a procedure or process for obtaining an objective;  a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole; (physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances in different phases are in equilibrium;  an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized;  an organized structure for arranging or classifying
  • systematic    characterized by order and planning;  not haphazard
  • systemic    affecting an entire system
  • table    a piece of furniture having a smooth flat top that is usually supported by one or more vertical legs;  a piece of furniture with tableware for a meal laid out on it;  a set of data arranged in rows and columns;  a company of people assembled at a table for a meal or game;  food or meals in general;  flat tableland with steep edges;   hold back to a later time
  • tachycardia    abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)
  • tailoring    the occupation of a tailor
  • take    the act of photographing a scene or part of a scene without interruption;  the income or profit arising from such transactions as the sale of land or other property;   ascertain or determine by measuring, computing or take a reading from a dial;  be seized or affected in a specified way;  interpret something in a certain way; convey a particular meaning or impression;  accept or undergo, often unwillingly;  obtain by winning;  get into one's hands, take physically;  have sex with; archaic use;  travel or go by means of a certain kind of transportation, or a certain route;  head into a specified direction;  experience or feel or submit to;  to get into a position of having, e.g., safety, comfort;  take into one's possession; take by force;  buy, select;  make use of or accept for some purpose; require (time or space);  develop a habit;  carry out;  be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness;  remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract;  take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect;  be a student of a certain subject; pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives;  take into consideration for exemplifying purposes;  take as an undesirable consequence of some event or state of affairs;  lay claim to; as of an idea;  make a film or photograph of something;  aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment;  serve oneself to, or consume regularly;  proceed along in a vehicle;  occupy or take on;  take somebody somewhere;  take something or somebody with oneself somewhere;  engage for service under a term of contract;  receive or obtain by regular payment;  receive willingly something given or offered;  admit into a group or community; assume, as of positions or roles;  require as useful, just, or proper; be capable of holding or containing;  have with oneself; have on one's person;  be designed to hold or take
  • tape measure    measuring instrument consisting of a narrow strip (cloth or metal) marked in inches or centimeters and used for measuring lengths
  • tape    a long thin piece of cloth or paper as used for binding or fastening;  a recording made on magnetic tape;  measuring instrument consisting of a narrow strip (cloth or metal) marked in inches or centimeters and used for measuring lengths;  the finishing line for a foot race;  memory device consisting of a long thin plastic strip coated with iron oxide; used to record audio or video signals or to store computer information;   fasten or attach with tape; register electronically;  record on videotape
  • task    a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee;  any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted;  assign a task to;  use to the limit
  • tea    a light midafternoon meal of tea and sandwiches or cakes;  dried leaves of the tea shrub; used to make tea;  a beverage made by steeping tea leaves in water;  a reception or party at which tea is served;  a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India; source of tea leaves
  • team    two or more draft animals that work together to pull something;  a cooperative unit;   form a team
  • tears    the process of shedding tears (usually accompanied by sobs or other inarticulate sounds)
  • technique    a practical method or art applied to some particular task;  skillfulness in the command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity
  • telephone    electronic equipment that converts sound into electrical signals that can be transmitted over distances and then converts received signals back into sounds;  transmitting speech at a distance;   get or try to get into communication (with someone) by telephone
  • television    a telecommunication system that transmits images of objects (stationary or moving) between distant points; broadcasting visual images of stationary or moving objects;  an electronic device that receives television signals and displays them on a screen
  • temperature    the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity);  the somatic sensation of cold or heat
  • tendency    a characteristic likelihood of or natural disposition toward a certain condition or character or effect;  a general direction in which something tends to move;  an attitude of mind especially one that favors one alternative over others;  an inclination to do something
  • terazosin    antihypertensive drug (trade name Hytrin) used to treat high blood pressure
  • termination    the act of ending something;  a coming to an end of a contract period;  the end of a word (a suffix or inflectional ending or final morpheme);  something that results;  a place where something ends or is complete
  • test    the act of testing something;  the act of undergoing testing;  any standardized procedure for measuring sensitivity or memory or intelligence or aptitude or personality etc;  a hard outer covering as of some amoebas and sea urchins;  trying something to find out about it;  a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge;   undergo a test;  determine the presence or properties of (a substance);  achieve a certain score or rating on a test;  put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to; show a certain characteristic when tested;  examine someone's knowledge of something;  test or examine for the presence of disease or infection
  • testosterone    a potent androgenic hormone produced chiefly by the testes; responsible for the development of male secondary sex characteristics
  • textbook    according to or characteristic of a casebook or textbook; typical;   a book prepared for use in schools or colleges
  • theophylline    a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator
  • theory    a belief that can guide behavior;  a well substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world; an organized system of accepted knowledge that applies in a variety of circumstances to explain a specific set of phenomena;  a tentative theory about the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena
  • therapeutic    relating to or involved in therapy;  tending to cure or restore to health;   a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain
  • therapy    (medicine) the act of caring for someone (as by medication or remedial training etc.)
  • thigh    the part of the leg between the hip and the knee;  the upper joint of the leg of a fowl
  • thin    lacking excess flesh;  (of sound) lacking resonance or volume;  lacking spirit or sincere effort;  of relatively small extent from one surface to the opposite or in cross section;  relatively thin in consistency or low in density; not viscous;  not dense;  having little substance or significance;  very narrow;   without viscosity;  make thin or thinner;  lose thickness; become thin or thinner;  take off weight;  lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture
  • thioridazine    a tranquilizer (trade name Mellaril) used to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
  • through    (of a route or journey etc.) continuing without requiring stops or changes;  having finished or arrived at completion;  throughout the entire extent;  over the whole distance;  in diameter;  from beginning to end;  to completion
  • thyroid hormone    any of several closely related compounds that are produced by the thyroid gland and are active metabolically
  • thyroid intracellular receptor superfamily
  • thyroid    suggestive of a thyroid disorder;  of or relating to the thyroid gland;   located near the base of the neck
  • tissue    part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells having a similar structure and function;  a soft thin (usually translucent) paper;   create a piece of cloth by interlacing strands of fabric, such as wool or cotton
  • tlc    considerate and solicitous care
  • tolerance    the act of tolerating something;  the power or capacity of an organism to tolerate unfavorable environmental conditions;  willingness to recognize and respect the beliefs or practices of others;  a disposition to allow freedom of choice and behavior;  a permissible difference; allowing some freedom to move within limits
  • tomography    (medicine) obtaining pictures of the interior of the body
  • topical    of interest at the present time;  pertaining to the surface of a body part;  of or relating to or arranged by topics
  • tops    of the highest quality
  • total    constituting the full quantity or extent; complete;  complete in extent or degree and in every particular;  without conditions or limitations;  including everything;   the whole amount;  a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers;   damage beyond the point of repair;  determine the sum of;  add up in number or quantity
  • toxicity    the degree to which something is poisonous;  grave harmfulness or deadliness
  • tracheostomy    a surgical operation that creates an opening into the trachea with a tube inserted to provide a passage for air; performed when the pharynx is obstructed by edema or cancer or other causes
  • tracing    the act of drawing a plan or diagram or outline;  a drawing created by superimposing a semitransparent sheet of paper on the original image and copying on it the lines of the original image
  • tract    a system of body parts that together serve some particular purpose;  a brief treatise on a subject of interest; published in the form of a booklet;  an extended area of land;  a bundle of myelinated nerve fibers following a path through the brain
  • training    activity leading to skilled behavior;  the result of good upbringing (especially knowledge of correct social behavior)
  • transcript    a reproduction of a written record (e.g. of a legal or school record);  something that has been transcribed; a written record (usually typewritten) of dictated or recorded speech
  • transcription    a sound or television recording (e.g., from a broadcast to a tape recording);  something written, especially copied from one medium to another, as a typewritten version of dictation; (genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA; the process whereby a base sequence of messenger RNA is synthesized on a template of complementary DNA;  the act of making a record (especially an audio record);  the act of arranging and adapting a piece of music
  • transdermal    through the unbroken skin; refers to medications applied directly to the skin (creams or ointments) or in time release forms (skin patches)
  • transferase    any of various enzymes that move a chemical group from one compound to another compound
  • transition    a passage that connects a topic to one that follows;  a musical passage moving from one key to another;  a change from one place or state or subject or stage to another;  the act of passing from one state or place to the next;  an event that results in a transformation;   make or undergo a transition (from one state or system to another);  cause to convert or undergo a transition
  • transport    an exchange of molecules (and their kinetic energy and momentum) across the boundary between adjacent layers of a fluid or across cell membranes;  the commercial enterprise of moving goods and materials;  something that serves as a means of transportation;  a mechanism that transports magnetic tape across the read/write heads of a tape playback/recorder;  a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion;   move while supporting, either in a vehicle or in one's hands or on one's body;  transport commercially;  move something or somebody around; usually over long distances;  send from one person or place to another;  hold spellbound
  • treatment    care by procedures or applications that are intended to relieve illness or injury;  the management of someone or something;  a manner of dealing with something artistically;  an extended communication (often interactive) dealing with some particular topic
  • triad    a three note major or minor chord; a note and its third and fifth tones;  three people considered as a unit;  a set of three similar things considered as a unit
  • trial    (law) legal proceedings consisting of the judicial examination of issues by a competent tribunal;  (law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of law;  trying something to find out about it;  an annoying or frustrating or catastrophic event;  (sports) a preliminary competition to determine qualifications;  the act of testing something;  the act of undergoing testing
  • triceps    any skeletal muscle having three origins (but especially the triceps brachii)
  • tricyclic antidepressants causing weight gain
  • tricyclic    an antidepressant drug that acts by blocking the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin and thus making more of those substances available to act on receptors in the brain
  • tsh    anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the function of the thyroid gland
  • tuberculomas and hypothalamic obesity
  • tumor necrosis factor    a proinflammatory cytokine that is produced by white blood cells (monocytes and macrophages); has an antineoplastic effect but causes inflammation (as in rheumatoid arthritis)
  • tumor    an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
  • type    a small metal block bearing a raised character on one end; produces a printed character when inked and pressed on paper;  a subdivision of a particular kind of thing;  all of the tokens of the same symbol;  printed characters;  (biology) the taxonomic group whose characteristics are used to define the next higher taxon;  a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities);  identify as belonging to a certain type;  write by means of a keyboard with types
  • u    (chiefly British) of or appropriate to the upper classes especially in language use;   the 21st letter of the Roman alphabet;  a heavy toxic silvery white radioactive metallic element; occurs in many isotopes; used for nuclear fuels and nuclear weapons;  a base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
  • ultrasound    very high frequency sound; used in ultrasonography;  using the reflections of high frequency sound waves to construct an image of a body organ (a sonogram); commonly used to observe fetal growth or study bodily organs
  • underlying    located beneath or below;  in the nature of something though not readily apparent;  being or involving basic facts or principles
  • underwater    growing or remaining under water;  beneath the surface of the water
  • upper    higher in place or position;  superior in rank or accomplishment;  the topmost one of two;   piece of leather or synthetic material that forms the part of a shoe or boot above the sole that encases the foot;  a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression;  the higher of two berths
  • uppp    surgical resection of unnecessary palatal and oropharyngeal tissue to open the airway; intended to cure extreme cases of snoring (with or without sleep apnea)
  • urban    located in or characteristic of a city or city life;  relating to or concerned with a city or densely populated area
  • urinary    of or relating to the function or production or secretion of urine;  of or relating to the urinary system of the body
  • usa    the army of the United States of America; the agency that organizes and trains soldiers for land warfare;  North American republic containing 50 states 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
  • use    the act of using;  a particular service;  (law) the exercise of the legal right to enjoy the benefits of owning property;  exerting shrewd or devious influence especially for one's own advantage;  a pattern of behavior acquired through frequent repetition;  what something is used for;  (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing;   use up, consume fully;  put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose;  take or consume (regularly or habitually);  habitually do something (use only in the past tense);  seek or achieve an end by using to one's advantage; avail oneself to
  • uvulopalatopharyngoplasty    surgical resection of unnecessary palatal and oropharyngeal tissue to open the airway; intended to cure extreme cases of snoring (with or without sleep apnea)
  • values    beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emotional investment (either for or against something)
  • variability    the quality of being subject to variation;  the quality of being uneven and lacking uniformity
  • vascular    of or relating to or having vessels that conduct and circulate fluids
  • vegetarian    eater of fruits and grains and nuts; someone who eats no meat or fish or (often) any animal products
  • ventilation    the act of supplying fresh air and getting rid of foul air;  a mechanical system in a building that provides fresh air; the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation;  free and open discussion of (or debate on) some question of public interest
  • ventilatory    provided with ventilation or involving pulmonary ventilation
  • ventricular    of or relating to a ventricle (of the heart or brain)
  • versus gomez horizontal gastroplasty
  • very low density lipoprotein    large lipoproteins rich in triglycerides; VLDLs circulate through the blood giving up their triglycerides to fat and muscle tissue until the VLDL remnants are modified and converted into LDL
  • video    the visible part of a television transmission;  a recording of both the video and audio components (especially one containing a recording of a movie or television program);  broadcasting visual images of stationary or moving objects
  • viral    relating to or caused by a virus
  • visceral    relating to or affecting the viscera;  obtained through intuition rather than from reasoning or observation
  • vital    manifesting or characteristic of life;  performing an essential function in the living body;  full of spirit;  urgently needed; absolutely necessary
  • vldl    large lipoproteins rich in triglycerides; VLDLs circulate through the blood giving up their triglycerides to fat and muscle tissue until the VLDL remnants are modified and converted into LDL
  • volume    the magnitude of sound (usually in a specified direction);  a publication that is one of a set of several similar publications;  the amount of 3 dimensional space occupied by an object;  a relative amount;  physical objects consisting of a number of pages bound together;  the property of something that is great in magnitude
  • voluntary    of your own free will or design; not forced or compelled;  controlled by individual volition;   composition (often improvised) for a solo instrument (especially solo organ) and not a regular part of a religious service or musical performance;  (military) a person who freely enlists for service
  • vulnerable    capable of being wounded or hurt;  susceptible to criticism or persuasion or temptation;  susceptible to attack
  • wages    a recompense for worthy acts or retribution for wrongdoing
  • waist    the narrowing of the body between the ribs and hips; the narrow part of the shoe connecting the heel and the wide part of the sole
  • walking    close enough to be walked to;   the act of traveling by foot
  • warning    serving to warn;   a message informing of danger;  cautionary advice about something imminent (especially imminent danger)
  • watcher    a person who keeps a devotional vigil by a sick bed or by a dead body;  a close observer; someone who looks at something (such as an exhibition of some kind);  a guard who keeps watch
  • water    a fluid necessary for the life of most animals and plants;  binary compound that occurs at room temperature as a clear colorless odorless tasteless liquid; freezes into ice below 0 degrees centigrade and boils above 100 degrees centigrade; widely used as a solvent;  once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles);  a facility that provides a source of water;  the part of the earth's surface covered with water (such as a river or lake or ocean);  liquid excretory product;   secrete or form water, as tears or saliva;  supply with water, as with channels or ditches or streams;  fill with tears;  provide with water
  • website    a computer connected to the internet that maintains a series of web pages on the World Wide Web
  • weighing    careful consideration
  • weight    an artifact that is heavy;  sports equipment used in calisthenic exercises and weightlifting; it is not attached to anything and is raised and lowered by use of the hands and arms;  the vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity;  the relative importance granted to something;  an oppressive feeling of heavy force;  (statistics) a coefficient assigned to elements of a frequency distribution in order to represent their relative importance;  a unit used to measure weight;  a system of units used to express the weight of something;   present with a bias;  weight down with a load
  • well being    a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
  • western samoa    a constitutional monarchy on the western part of the islands of Samoa in the South Pacific
  • western    lying toward or situated in the west;  relating to or characteristic of regions of western parts of the world;  of or characteristic of regions of the United States west of the Mississippi River;  of wind; from the west;  lying in or toward the west;   a film about life in the western United States during the period of exploration and development;  a sandwich made from a western omelet
  • who    a United Nations agency to coordinate international health activities and to help governments improve health services
  • willpower    the trait of resolutely controlling your own behavior
  • wiring    the work of installing the wires for an electrical system or device;  a circuit of wires for the distribution of electricity
  • withdrawal    the act of withdrawing;  the termination of drug taking;  the act of taking out money or other capital;  a retraction of a previously held position;  avoiding emotional involvement;  formal separation from an alliance or federation
  • workplace    a place where work is done
  • world    involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope;   all of the living human inhabitants of the earth;  all of your experiences that determine how things appear to you;  people in general; especially a distinctive group of people with some shared interest;  a part of the earth that can be considered separately;  the concerns of this life as distinguished from heaven and the afterlife; people in general considered as a whole;  the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on;  everything that exists anywhere
  • wrestler    combatant who tries to throw opponent to the ground
  • x ray    a radiogram made by exposing photographic film to X rays; used in medical diagnosis;  electromagnetic radiation of short wavelength produced when high speed electrons strike a solid target;   take an x ray of something or somebody;  examine by taking x rays
  • x    the 24th letter of the Roman alphabet;  street names for methylenedioxymethamphetamine
  • y    the 25th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a silvery metallic element that is common in rare earth minerals; used in magnesium and aluminum alloys
  • years    the time during which someone's life continues;  a late time of life;  a prolonged period of time
  • zealand    the largest island of Denmark and the site of Copenhagen

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