Glossary of pharmacology

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Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

#-A

  • a - noun the blood group whose red cells carry the A antigen;  the 1st letter of the Roman alphabet;  the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites;  a metric unit of length equal to one ten billionth of a meter (or 0.0001 micron); used to specify wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation;  (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  any of several fat-soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes
  • a-adrenoceptor.
  • a-j.
  • a-neutralizing.
  • aa - noun a dry form of lava resembling clinkers;  an associate degree in arts;  an international organization that provides a support group for persons trying to overcome alcoholism
  • aacei.
  • aadults.
  • aag.
  • aan.
  • ab - noun the blood group whose red cells carry both the A and B antigens;  the eleventh month of the civil year; the fifth month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in July and August);  the muscles of the abdomen;  a bachelor's degree in arts and sciences
  • abandon - noun the trait of lacking restraint or control; reckless freedom from inhibition or worry;  a feeling of extreme emotional intensity;  verb stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas or claims; leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch;  give up with the intent of never claiming again;  forsake, leave behind; leave behind empty; move out of
  • abbreviations.
  • abc - noun the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural)
  • abcb.
  • abcc.
  • abcd.
  • abciximab.
  • abcs - noun the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural)
  • abdel-rahmen.
  • abdomen - noun the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis;  the cavity containing the major viscera; in mammals it is separated from the thorax by the diaphragm
  • abdominal - adj. of or relating to or near the abdomen;  noun the muscles of the abdomen
  • aberdeen - noun a city in northeastern Scotland on the North Sea;  a town in northeastern Maryland;  a town in northeastern South Dakota;  a town in western Washington
  • aberrant - adj. markedly different from an accepted norm;  noun one whose behavior departs substantially from the norm of a group
  • ability - noun the quality of being able to perform; a quality that permits or facilitates achievement or accomplishment;  possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done
  • ablate - verb remove an organ or bodily structure;  wear away through erosion or vaporization
  • ablation - noun surgical removal of a body part or tissue;  the erosive process that reduces the size of glaciers
  • ablative - adj. tending to ablate; i.e. to be removed or vaporized at very high temperature;  relating to the ablative case;  noun the case indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument or manner or place of the action described by the verb
  • able - adj. (usually followed by `to') having the necessary means or skill or know-how or authority to do something;  having inherent physical or mental ability or capacity;  have the skills and qualifications to do things well;  having a strong healthy body
  • abnormal - adj. much greater than the normal;  not normal; not typical or usual or regular or conforming to a norm;  departing from the normal in e.g. intelligence and development
  • abnormalities.
  • abnormality - noun behavior that breaches the rule or etiquette or custom or morality;  marked strangeness as a consequence of being abnormal;  retardation sufficient to fall outside the normal range of intelligence;  an abnormal condition
  • abnormally - adv. in an abnormal manner
  • abolish - verb do away with
  • abolished.
  • abolishes.
  • aborted.
  • abortion - noun termination of pregnancy;  failure of a plan
  • abortions.
  • aborts.
  • about - adj. on the move;  adv. in the area or vicinity;  all around or on all sides;  in or to a reversed position or direction;  to or among many different places or in no particular direction;  (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished;  in rotation or succession;  (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct
  • above - adj. appearing earlier in the same text;  adv. at an earlier place;  in or to a place that is higher;  noun an earlier section of a written text
  • abpi.
  • abraham - noun the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac; according to Genesis, God promised to give Abraham's family (the Hebrews) the land of Canaan (the Promised Land); God tested Abraham by asking him to sacrifice his son
  • abrasion - noun erosion by friction;  an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off;  the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
  • abrupt - adj. surprisingly and unceremoniously brusque in manner; exceedingly sudden and unexpected;  extremely steep;  marked by sudden changes in subject and sharp transitions
  • abruptly - adv. quickly and without warning
  • abscess - noun symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
  • abscesses.
  • abscissa - noun the value of a coordinate on the horizontal axis
  • absence - noun failure to be present;  the state of being absent;  the time interval during which something or somebody is away;  epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (a possible other abnormalities)
  • absences.
  • absent - adj. lost in thought; showing preoccupation;  not in a specified place physically or mentally;  verb go away or leave
  • absolute - adj. perfect or complete or pure;  not capable of being violated or infringed;  complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers;  without conditions or limitations;  not limited by law;  expressing finality with no implication of possible change;  noun something that is conceived to be absolute; something that does not depends on anything else and is beyond human control
  • absolutely - adv. totally and definitely; without question;  completely and without qualification; used informally as intensifiers
  • absorb - verb cause to become one with;  engage or engross wholly; take up mentally;  assimilate or take in;  take in, also metaphorically; become imbued;  take up, as of debts or payments;  suck or take up or in;  engross (oneself) fully
  • absorbable - adj. capable of being absorbed or taken in through the pores of a surface
  • absorbed - adj. taken in through the pores of a surface;  retained without reflection;  giving or marked by complete attention to
  • absorption - noun (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid;  (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium;  the mental state of being preoccupied by something; complete attention; intense mental effort;  the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion;  the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
  • absorptionenhancing.
  • absorptive - adj. having power or capacity or tendency to absorb or soak up something (liquids or energy etc.)
  • abstinence - noun act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite;  the trait of abstaining (especially from alcohol)
  • abstracts.
  • abundance - noun the property of a more than adequate quantity or supply;  (chemistry) the ratio of the total mass of an element in the earth's crust to the total mass of the earth's crust; expressed as a percentage or in parts per million;  (physics) the ratio of the number of atoms of a specific isotope of an element to the total number of isotopes present
  • abundant - adj. present in great quantity
  • abuse - noun a rude expression intended to offend or hurt;  cruel or inhumane treatment;  improper or excessive use;  verb use wrongly or improperly or excessively;  use foul or abusive language towards; change the inherent purpose or function of something;  treat badly
  • abused - adj. subjected to cruel treatment;  used improperly or excessively especially drugs
  • abusers.
  • abusive - adj. characterized by physical or psychological maltreatment;  expressing offensive reproach
  • ac - noun an electric current that reverses direction sinusoidally;  a radioactive element of the actinide series; found in uranium ores
  • academic - adj. hypothetical or theoretical and not expected to produce an immediate or practical result;  marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects;  associated with academia or an academy;  noun an educator who works at a college or university
  • academy - noun a learned establishment for the advancement of knowledge;  a school for special training;  a secondary school (usually private);  an institution for the advancement of art or science or literature
  • acahrya.
  • acarbose.
  • accelerate - verb move faster;  cause to move faster
  • accelerated - adj. caused to go more rapidly;  speeded up, as of an academic course
  • accelerates.
  • accelerating - adj. increasing in speed; becoming progressively faster
  • accentuated.
  • accept - verb tolerate or accommodate oneself to;  consider or hold as true;  be sexually responsive to, used of a female domesticated mammal;  react favorably to; consider right and proper;  give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to;  receive (a report) officially, as from a committee;  receive willingly something given or offered; admit into a group or community;  be designed to hold or take;  make use of or accept for some purpose;  take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
  • acceptability - noun satisfactoriness by virtue of conforming to approved standards
  • acceptable - adj. worthy of acceptance or satisfactory;  adequate for the purpose;  judged to be in conformity with approved usage; meeting requirements
  • acceptably - adv. in an acceptable (but not outstanding) manner
  • accepted - adj. generally approved or compelling recognition; generally agreed upon; not subject to dispute;  widely accepted as true or worthy;  widely or permanently accepted;  generally accepted or used;  judged to be in conformity with approved usage
  • accepting - adj. tolerating without protest
  • acceptor - noun the person (or institution) who accepts a check or draft and becomes responsible for paying the party named in the draft when it matures;  (chemistry) in the formation of a coordinate bond it is the compound to which electrons are donated
  • access - noun the act of approaching or entering;  a way of entering or leaving;  (computer science) the operation of reading or writing stored information;  the right to obtain or make use of or take advantage of something (as services or membership);  a code (a series of characters or digits) that must be entered in some way (typed or dialed or spoken) to get the use of something (a telephone line or a computer or a local area network etc.);  the right to enter; verb reach or gain access to;  obtain or retrieve from a storage device; as of information on a computer
  • accessed.
  • accessible - adj. capable of being reached;  easy to get along with or talk to; friendly;  easily obtained;  capable of being read with comprehension
  • accessory - adj. furnishing added support;  noun a supplementary component that improves capability;  clothing that is worn or carried, but not part of your main clothing;  someone who helps another person commit a crime
  • accident - noun anything that happens by chance without an apparent cause;  a mishap; especially one causing injury or death
  • accidental - adj. without intention (especially resulting from heedless action);  associated by chance and not an integral part; occurring or appearing or singled out by chance;  noun a musical notation that makes a note sharp or flat or natural although that is not part of the key signature
  • accidents.
  • acclimatization - noun adaptation to a new climate (a new temperature or altitude or environment)
  • accommodation - noun (physiology) the automatic adjustment in focal length of the lens of the eye;  the act of providing something (lodging or seat or food) to meet a need;  living quarters provided for public convenience;  in the theories of Jean Piaget: the modification of internal representations in order to accommodate a changing knowledge of reality;  a settlement of differences;  making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
  • accompanied - adj. having accompaniment or companions or escort
  • accompanies.
  • accompany - verb go or travel along with;  perform an accompaniment to;  be associated with;  be a companion to somebody
  • accompanying - adj. following as a consequence
  • accomplished - adj. successfully completed or brought to an end; settled securely and unconditionally;  highly skilled
  • accordance - noun the act of granting rights;  concurrence of opinion
  • according - adj. (followed by `to') as reported or stated by;  (followed by `to') in agreement with or accordant with
  • accordingly - adv. in accordance with;  (sentence connectors) because of the reason given
  • account - noun the quality of taking advantage;  importance or value;  a statement of recent transactions and the resulting balance; a formal contractual relationship established to provide for regular banking or brokerage or business services;  a record or narrative description of past events;  an itemized statement of money owed for goods shipped or services rendered;  a short account of the news;  a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.;  the act of informing by verbal report;  grounds;  verb furnish a justifying analysis or explanation;  keep an account of;  be the sole or primary factor in the existence, acquisition, supply, or disposal of something;  to give an account or representation of in words
  • accounting - noun a system that provides quantitative information about finances;  a convincing explanation that reveals basic causes; a bookkeeper's chronological list of related debits and credits of a business; forms part of a ledger of accounts;  the occupation of maintaining and auditing records and preparing financial reports for a business;  a statement of recent transactions and the resulting balance
  • accounts.
  • accumulate - verb collect or gather;  get or gather together
  • accumulated - adj. brought together into a group or crowd; periodically accumulated over time
  • accumulates.
  • accumulating.
  • accumulation - noun the act of accumulating;  (finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation;  several things grouped together or considered as a whole;  an increase by natural growth or addition
  • accuracy - noun the quality of being near to the true value; (mathematics) the number of significant figures given in a number
  • accurate - adj. conforming exactly or almost exactly to fact or to a standard or performing with total accuracy;  (of ideas, images, representations, expressions) characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth ; strictly correct
  • accurately - adv. with few mistakes;  strictly correctly
  • ace - adj. of the highest quality;  noun a serve that the receiver is unable to reach;  one of four playing cards in a deck having a single pip on its face;  someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field;  a major strategic headquarters of NATO; safeguards an area extending from Norway to Turkey;  verb serve an ace against (someone);  play (a hole) in one stroke;  score an ace against; succeed at easily
  • ace-derived.
  • acei.
  • acetaldehyde - noun a colorless volatile water-soluble liquid aldehyde used chiefly in manufacture of acetic acid and perfumes and drugs
  • acetate - noun a salt or ester of acetic acid;  a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
  • acetazolamide.
  • acetic - adj. relating to or containing acetic acid
  • acetoacetate.
  • acetone - noun the simplest ketone; a highly inflammable liquid widely used as an organic solvent and as material for making plastics
  • acetyl - noun the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO-)
  • acetylate - verb introduce an acetyl group into (a chemical compound);  receive substitution of an acetyl group
  • acetylates.
  • acetylating.
  • acetylation - noun the process of introducing an acetyl group into a compound
  • acetylator.
  • acetylators.
  • acetylcholine - noun a neurotransmitter that is a derivative of choline; released at the ends of nerve fibers in the somatic and parasympathetic nervous systems
  • acetylcholine-binding.
  • acetylcholinesterase.
  • acetylcysteine.
  • acetylisoniazid.
  • acetylmorphine.
  • acetylsalicylate.
  • acetylsalicylic.
  • ach.
  • achalasia.
  • ache - noun a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain;  verbhave a desire for something or someone who is not present;  be the source of pain;  feel physical pain
  • aches.
  • achievable - adj. capable of existing or taking place or proving true; possible to do
  • achieve - verb to gain with effort
  • achieved.
  • achieving.
  • acholinesterase.
  • aciclovir.
  • acid - adj. having the characteristics of an acid;  harsh or corrosive in tone;  being sour to the taste;  noun street name for lysergic acid diethylamide;  any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
  • acid-base.
  • acid-derived.
  • acid-fast - adj. not easily decolorized by acid solutions; pertains to micro-organisms (especially the tubercle bacillus that causes tuberculosis)
  • acid-neutralizing.
  • acid-related.
  • acid-rich.
  • acid-suppressing.
  • acidic - adj. being or containing an acid; of a solution having an excess of hydrogen atoms (having a pH of less than 7);  being sour to the taste
  • acidification - noun the process of becoming acid or being converted into an acid
  • acidifying.
  • acidity - noun pH values below 7;  the taste experience when something acidic is taken into the mouth;  the property of being acidic
  • acidophil - noun an organism that thrives in a relatively acid environment
  • acidosis - noun abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • acids.
  • acinetobacter.
  • acipimox.
  • acipomox.
  • acknowledgements.
  • acne - noun an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin; characterized by papules or pustules or comedones
  • aconjugates.
  • acquire - verb win something through one's efforts;  locate (a moving entity) by means of a tracking system such as radar;  come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes);  take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect;  gain through experience;  gain knowledge or skills;  come into the possession of something concrete or abstract
  • acquired - adj. gotten through environmental forces
  • acrodermatitis.
  • acromegalics.
  • acromegaly - noun enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor)
  • across - adv. transversely;  to the opposite side
  • acrylic - noun a synthetic fabric;  used especially by artists;  a glassy thermoplastic; can be cast and molded or used in coatings and adhesives;  polymerized from acrylonitrile
  • acs.
  • act - noun something that people do or cause to happen;  a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body;  a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program;  a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet;  a manifestation of insincerity;  verb behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself;  pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind;  discharge one's duties;  play a role or part;  perform on a stage or theater;  perform an action, or work out or perform (an action);  be engaged in an activity, often for no particular purpose other than pleasure;  be suitable for theatrical performance;  behave unnaturally or affectedly;  have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected
  • actaea - noun baneberry
  • acth - noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • acting - adj. serving temporarily especially as a substitute;  noun the performance of a part or role in a drama
  • action - noun something done (usually as opposed to something said);  the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field;  an act by a government body or supranational organization;  the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism;  the trait of being active and energetic and forceful;  the series of events that form a plot;  the state of being active;  a military engagement;  a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong;  a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); verb institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against;  put in effect
  • actions.
  • activate - verb make active or more active;  make (substances) radioactive;  aerate (sewage) so as to favor the growth of organisms that decompose organic matter;  make more adsorptive;  put in motion or move to act
  • activated - adj. set up and placed on active assignment;  rendered active; e.g. rendered radioactive or luminescent or photosensitive or conductive;  (of e.g. a molecule) made reactive or more reactive;  (of sewage) treated with aeration and bacteria to aid decomposition
  • activates.
  • activating - adj. causing motion or action or change;  noun the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • activation - noun making active and effective (as a bomb); stimulation of activity in an organism or chemical;  the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • activator - noun (biology) any agency bringing about activation; a molecule that increases the activity of an enzyme or a protein that increases the production of a gene product in DNA transcription
  • activators.
  • active - adj. characterized by energetic activity;  engaged in full-time work;  full of activity or engaged in continuous activity;  tending to become more severe or wider in scope;  disposed to take action or effectuate change;  (of e.g. volcanos) erupting or liable to erupt;  (of e.g. volcanos) capable of erupting;  expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water');  expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor: "Hemingway favors active constructions";  exerting influence or producing a change or effect;  of the sun; characterized by a high level activity in sunspots and flares and radio emissions;  in operation;  taking part in an activity;  engaged in or ready for military or naval operations;  noun a person devoted to the active life;  the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb;  chemical agent capable of activity
  • actively - adv. in an active manner
  • activities.
  • activity - noun any specific behavior;  (chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction;  the trait of being active; moving or acting rapidly and energetically;  an organic process that takes place in the body;  a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings);  the state of being active
  • actomyosin - noun a protein complex in muscle fibers; composed of myosin and actin; shortens when stimulated and causes muscle contractions
  • acts - noun a New Testament book describing the development of the early church from Christ's Ascension to Paul's sojourn at Rome
  • actual - adj. presently existing in fact and not merely potential or possible;  being or existing at the present moment;  taking place in reality; not pretended or imitated;  existing in act or fact;  being or reflecting the essential or genuine character of something;  existing in fact whether with lawful authority or not
  • actually - adv. used to imply that one would expect the fact to be the opposite of that stated; surprisingly;  in actual fact;  as a sentence modifier to add slight emphasis;  at the present moment
  • acuity - noun sharpness of vision; the visual ability to resolve fine detail (usually measured by a Snellen chart);  a quick and penetrating intelligence
  • acupuncture - noun treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
  • acute - adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • acute-care.
  • acutely - adv. having a rapid onset;  in an acute manner;  in a shrewd manner;  changing suddenly in direction and degree
  • acyl - noun any group or radical of the form RCO- where R is an organic group
  • ad - adv. in the Christian era; used before dates after the supposed year Christ was born;  noun a public promotion of some product or service
  • adalimumab.
  • adamant - adj. impervious to pleas, persuasion, requests, reason; noun very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem
  • adams - noun a mountain peak in southwestern Washington in the Cascade Range (12,307 feet high);  2nd President of the United States (1735-1826);  6th President of the United States; son of John Adams (1767-1848);  American Revolutionary leader and patriot; an organizer of the Boston Tea Party and signer of the Declaration of Independence (1722-1803)
  • adapt - verb make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose;  adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions
  • adaptation - noun (physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light);  a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form;  the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  • adapted - adj. changed in order to improve or made more fit for a particular purpose
  • adaptive - adj. having a capacity for adaptation
  • adcock.
  • add - noun a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders;  verb make an addition (to); join or combine or unite with others; increase the quality, quantity, size or scope of; make an addition by combining numbers;  state or say further; constitute an addition;  determine the sum of;  bestow a quality on
  • add-in - noun a printed circuit that can be inserted into expansion slots in a computer to increase the computer's capabilities
  • add-on - noun a supplementary component that improves capability; a component that is added to something to improve it
  • added.
  • addi-tive.
  • addict - noun someone who is physiologically dependent on a substance; abrupt deprivation of the substance produces withdrawal symptoms;  someone who is so ardently devoted to something that it resembles an addiction;  verb to cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, especially a narcotic drug)
  • addicted - adj. compulsively or physiologically dependent on something habit-forming
  • addiction - noun (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master;  an abnormally strong craving; being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • addictive - adj. causing or characterized by addiction
  • addicts.
  • adding.
  • addison.
  • addisonian.
  • addition - noun the act of adding one thing to another;  a component that is added to something to improve it;  a suburban area laid out in streets and lots for a future residential area;  a quantity that is added; the arithmetic operation of summing; calculating the sum of two or more numbers;  something added to what you already have
  • additional - adj. further or added
  • additionally - adv. by way of addition; furthermore
  • additive - adj. characterized or produced by addition;  designating or involving an equation whose terms are of the first degree;  nounsomething added to enhance food or gasoline or paint or medicine
  • address - noun the stance assumed by a golfer in preparation for hitting a golf ball;  (computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of information is stored;  written directions for finding some location; written on letters or packages that are to be delivered to that location;  a sign in front of a house or business carrying the conventional form by which its location is described;  the manner of speaking to another individual;  the act of delivering a formal spoken communication to an audience;  the place where a person or organization can be found or communicated with;  social skill;  verbadjust and aim (a golf ball) at in preparation of hitting;  speak to;  give a speech to;  speak to someone;  put an address on (an envelope); direct a question at someone;  address or apply oneself to something, direct one's efforts towards something, such as a question;  access or locate by address;  greet, as with a prescribed form, title, or name;  deal with verbally or in some form of artistic expression
  • addressed - adj. (of mail) marked with a destination
  • addresses.
  • addressing.
  • adductor - noun a muscle that draws a body part toward the median line
  • adefovir.
  • adenine - noun (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA
  • adenocarcinoma - noun malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
  • adenohypophysis - noun the anterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature
  • adenoma - noun a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin
  • adenomas.
  • adenosine - noun (biochemistry) a nucleoside that is a structural component of nucleic acids; it is present in all living cells in a combined form as a constituent of DNA and RNA and ADP and ATP and AMP
  • adenoviral.
  • adenovirus - noun any of a group of viruses including those that in humans cause upper respiratory infections or infectious pinkeye
  • adenylyl.
  • adepot.
  • adequacy - noun the quality of being able to meet a need satisfactorily: "he questioned the adequacy of the usual sentimental interpretation of the Golden Rule";  the quality of being sufficient for the end in view
  • adequate - adj. (sometimes followed by `to') meeting the requirements especially of a task;  about average; acceptable; enough to meet a purpose
  • adequately - adv. in an adequate manner;  in an adequate manner or to an adequate degree
  • aderivatives.
  • adh - noun hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • adhere - verb follow through or carry out a plan without deviation; stick to firmly;  be a devoted follower or supporter;  be compatible or in accordance with;  come or be in close contact with; stick or hold together and resist separation;  be loyal to
  • adhered.
  • adherence - noun faithful support for a religion or cause or political party;  the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  • adherent - adj. sticking fast;  noun someone who believes and helps to spread the doctrine of another
  • adhering.
  • adhesion - noun a fibrous band of scar tissue that binds together normally separate anatomical structures;  abnormal union of bodily tissues; most common in the abdomen;  faithful support for a religion or cause or political party;  the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  • adipocytes.
  • adipose - adj. composed of animal fat
  • adjacent - adj. near or close to but not necessarily touching;  nearest in space or position; immediately adjoining without intervening space;  having a common boundary or edge; touching
  • adjunct - adj. of or relating to a person who is subordinate to another;  furnishing added support;  noun a construction that can be used to extend the meaning of a word or phrase but is not one of the main constituents of a sentence;  something added to another thing but not an essential part of it;  a person who is an assistant or subordinate to another
  • adjunctive - adj. joining; forming an adjunct
  • adjuncts.
  • adjust - verb adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions;  alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard;  make correspondent or conformable;  decide how much is to be paid on an insurance claim;  place in a line or arrange so as to be parallel or straight
  • adjusted - adj. altered to accommodate to certain requirements or bring into a proper relation;  adjusted to demands of daily living; showing emotional stability;  (especially of garments) having the fit or style adjusted;  having achieved a comfortable relation with your environment
  • adjustment - noun the act of adjusting something to match a standard;  making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances; the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment); an amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances;  the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  • adjustments.
  • adjuvant - adj. enhancing the action of a medical treatment; furnishing added support;  noun an additive that enhances the effectiveness of medical treatment
  • adme.
  • administer - verb give or apply (medications);  administer ritually; of church sacraments;  work in an administrative capacity; supervise; administer or bestow, as in small portions
  • administered.
  • administering.
  • administration - noun the act of administering medication;  a method of tending to (especially business) matters;  the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something;  the tenure of a president
  • adminstration.
  • admiralty - noun the office of admiral;  the department in charge of the navy (as in Great Britain)
  • admission - noun the act of admitting someone to enter;  an acknowledgment of the truth of something;  the fee charged for admission
  • admissions.
  • admits.
  • admitted.
  • adolescence - noun in the state that someone is in between puberty and adulthood;  the time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood
  • adolescents.
  • adopt - verb take into one's family;  take up and practice as one's own;  choose and follow; as of theories, ideas, policies, strategies or plans;  take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect;  take up the cause, ideology, practice, method, of someone and use it as one's own;  put into dramatic form;  take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities
  • adopted - adj. acquired as your own by free choice;  having been taken into a specific relationship
  • adoption - noun the act of accepting with approval; favorable reception;  a legal proceeding that creates a parent-child relation between persons not related by blood; the adopted child is entitled to all privileges belonging to a natural child of the adoptive parents (including the right to inherit);  the appropriation (of ideas or words etc) from another source
  • adp - noun data processing by a computer;  an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
  • adren.
  • adrenal - adj. of or pertaining to the adrenal glands or their secretions;  near the kidneys;  noun either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
  • adrenaline - noun a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • adrenergic - adj. relating to epinephrine (its release or action);  noundrug that has the effects of epinephrine
  • adrenoceptor.
  • adrenoceptors.
  • adrenocortical - adj. of or derived from the cortex of the adrenal glands
  • adrenocorticotrophic - adj. stimulating or acting on the adrenal cortex
  • adrenocorticotropic - adj. stimulating or acting on the adrenal cortex
  • adrenoreceptor.
  • adrs.
  • adsorbed - adj. accumulated on a surface of a solid
  • adsorbents.
  • adsorption - noun the accumulation of molecules of a gas to form a thin film on the surface of a solid
  • adult - adj. (of animals) fully developed;  noun any mature animal;  a fully developed person from maturity onward
  • adult-onset.
  • adulteration - noun the act of adulterating (especially the illicit substitution of one substance for another);  being mixed with extraneous material; the product of adulterating
  • adulthood - noun the state (and responsibilities) of a person who has attained maturity;  the period of time in your life after your physical growth has stopped and you are fully developed
  • adults.
  • advance - adj. situated ahead or going before;  being ahead of time or need;  noun increase in price or value;  an amount paid before it is earned;  the act of moving forward toward a goal;  a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others;  a change for the better; progress in development;  a movement forward;  verb rise in rate or price;  develop further;  bring forward for consideration or acceptance;  move forward, also in the metaphorical sense;  cause to move forward;  move forward;  pay in advance;  develop in a positive way;  increase or raise;  obtain advantages, such as points, etc.;  give a promotion to or assign to a higher position;  contribute to the progress or growth of
  • advanced - adj. (of societies) highly developed especially in technology or industry;  far along in time;  comparatively late in a course of development;  ahead in development; complex or intricate; at a higher level in training or knowledge or skill;  farther along in physical or mental development;  ahead of the times;  situated ahead or going before
  • advances.
  • advancing - adj. moving ahead or toward the front;  moving forward
  • advantage - noun benefit resulting from some event or action;  the quality of having a superior or more favorable position;  (tennis) first point scored after deuce;  verb give an advantage to
  • advantageous - adj. giving an advantage;  appropriate for achieving a particular end; implies a lack of concern for fairness
  • advantages.
  • advent - noun arrival that has been awaited (especially of something momentous);  the season including the four Sundays preceding Christmas;  (Christian theology) the reappearance of Jesus as judge for the Last Judgment
  • adventitia - noun an enveloping or covering membrane or layer of body tissue
  • adverse - adj. in an opposing direction;  contrary to your interests or welfare
  • adversely - adv. in an adverse manner
  • advertisements.
  • advertising - noun the business of drawing public attention to goods and services;  a public promotion of some product or service
  • advice - noun a proposal for an appropriate course of action
  • advisable - adj. worthy of being recommended or suggested; prudent or wise
  • advise - verb inform (somebody) of something;  give advice to;  make a proposal, declare a plan for something
  • advised - adj. having received information;  having the benefit of careful prior consideration or counsel
  • advisers.
  • advising.
  • advisor - noun an expert who gives advice
  • advisory - adj. giving advice;  noun an announcement that usually advises or warns the public of some threat
  • advocated.
  • advocates.
  • ae.
  • aerobe - noun an organism (especially a bacterium) that requires air or free oxygen for life
  • aerobic - adj. depending on free oxygen or air;  based on or using the principles of aerobics; enhancing respiratory and circulatory efficiency
  • aerobically.
  • aerosol - noun a dispenser that holds a substance under pressure and that can release it as a fine spray (usually by means of a propellant gas);  a cloud of solid or liquid particles in a gas
  • aerosolized - adj. in the form of ultramicroscopic solid or liquid particles dispersed or suspended in air or gas
  • aerosols.
  • aeruginosa.
  • aetiological - adj. relating to the etiology of a disease;  of or relating to the philosophical study of causation
  • aetiologies.
  • aetiology - noun the philosophical study of causation;  the cause of a disease
  • af.
  • afam.
  • afebrile - adj. having no fever
  • affect - noun the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion; verb act physically on; have an effect upon;  have an effect upon; have an emotional or cognitive impact upon;  make believe with the intent to deceive;  connect closely and often incriminatingly
  • affected - adj. acted upon; influenced;  speaking or behaving in an artificial way to make an impression;  being excited or provoked to the expression of an emotion
  • affecting - adj. arousing affect
  • affective - adj. characterized by emotion
  • affects.
  • afferent - adj. of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying sensory information from the sense organs to the CNS;  noun a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system
  • afferents.
  • affinity - noun a natural attraction or feeling of kinship;  inherent resemblance between persons or things;  the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a molecule; (immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an antibody;  a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character;  (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts;  (anthropology) kinship by marriage or adoption; not a blood relationship
  • afflicted - adj. mentally or physically unfit;  grievously affected especially by disease
  • affluent - adj. having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value;  noun an affluent person; a person who is financially well off;  a branch that flows into the main stream
  • afford - verb be able to spare or give up;  afford access to;  have the financial means to do something or buy something;  be the cause or source of
  • afforded.
  • affords.
  • african - adj. of or relating to the nations of Africa or their peoples; noun a native or inhabitant of Africa
  • african-american - adj. pertaining to or characteristic of Americans of African ancestry;  noun an American whose ancestors were born in Africa
  • african-americans.
  • africanamerican.
  • afrikaaners.
  • afro-caribbean.
  • afro-caribbeans.
  • afrocaribbeans.
  • after - adj. located farther aft;  adv. behind or in the rear;  happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  • after-taste.
  • afterload.
  • aftermath - noun the consequences of an event (especially a catastrophic event);  the outcome of an event especially as relative to an individual
  • afterwards - adv. happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  • ag - noun a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography
  • again - adv. anew
  • against.
  • age - noun how long something has existed;  a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises;  a late time of life;  a prolonged period of time;  an era of history having some distinctive feature;  verb begin to seem older; get older;  make older;  grow old or older
  • age-related - adj. changing (increasing or decreasing) as an individual's age increases
  • aged - adj. (used of tobacco) aging as a preservative process (`aged' is pronounced as one syllable);  of wines, fruit, cheeses; having reached a desired or final condition; (`aged' pronounced as one syllable);  advanced in years; (`aged' is pronounced as two syllables);  having attained a specific age; (`aged' is pronounced as one syllable);  at an advanced stage of erosion (pronounced as one syllable);  noun people who are old collectively
  • ageing - adj. growing old;  noun the organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age;  acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time
  • agencies.
  • agency - noun a business that serves other businesses;  an administrative unit of government;  the state of being in action or exerting power;  how a result is obtained or an end is achieved;  the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent
  • agenesis - noun imperfect development; nondevelopment of a part
  • agent - noun an active and efficient cause; capable of producing a certain effect;  a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission;  a representative who acts on behalf of other persons or organizations;  any agent or representative of a federal agency or bureau;  a substance that exerts some force or effect;  the semantic role of the animate entity that instigates or causes the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • agents.
  • aggravate - verb make worse;  exasperate or irritate
  • aggravated - adj. incited, especially deliberately, to anger;  made more severe or intense especially in law
  • aggravates.
  • aggravation - noun action that makes a problem or a disease (or its symptoms) worse;  unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment;  an exasperated feeling of annoyance
  • aggregates.
  • aggregation - noun the act of gathering something together;  several things grouped together or considered as a whole
  • aggression - noun violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked;  deliberately unfriendly behavior;  the act of initiating hostilities;  a disposition to behave aggressively;  a feeling of hostility that arouses thoughts of attack
  • aggressive - adj. having or showing determination and energetic pursuit of your ends;  characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight;  tending to spread quickly
  • aggressively - adv. in an aggressive manner
  • aging - adj. growing old;  noun the organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age;  acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time
  • agitated - adj. troubled emotionally and usually deeply;  physically disturbed or set in motion;  thrown from side to side
  • agitation - noun the act of agitating something; causing it to move around (usually vigorously);  disturbance usually in protest;  the feeling of being agitated; not calm;  a state of agitation or turbulent change or development;  a mental state of extreme emotional disturbance
  • agius.
  • ago - adj. gone by; or in the past;  adv. in the past
  • agonist - noun (biochemistry) a drug that can combine with a receptor on a cell to produce a physiological reaction;  a muscle that contracts while another relaxes;  someone involved in a contest or battle (as in an agon);  the principal character in a work of fiction
  • agonists.
  • agoraphobia - noun a morbid fear of open spaces (as fear of being caught alone in some public place)
  • agranulocytosis - noun an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes
  • agree - verb consent or assent to a condition, or agree to do something;  be in accord; be in agreement;  achieve harmony of opinion, feeling, or purpose;  be agreeable or suitable;  show grammatical agreement;  be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics;  go together
  • agreed - adj. united by being of the same opinion
  • agreement - noun compatibility of observations;  the thing arranged or agreed to;  the statement (oral or written) of an exchange of promises;  the verbal act of agreeing;  the determination of grammatical inflection on the basis of word relations;  harmony of people's opinions or actions or characters
  • agrees.
  • ah.
  • ahmed.
  • aid - noun the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose;  a resource;  a gift of money to support a worthy person or cause;  the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something;  verb improve the condition of;  give help or assistance; be of service
  • aided - adj. having help; often used as a combining form
  • aids - noun a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • ailments.
  • aim - noun the action of directing something at an object;  the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable);  an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;  the direction or path along which something moves or along which it lies;  verb propose or intend;  direct (a remark) toward an intended goal;  aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment;  have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal;  specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public;  move into a desired direction of discourse;  intend (something) to move towards a certain goal
  • aimed.
  • aims.
  • ainjected.
  • air - adj. relating to or characteristic of or occurring in the air;  noun a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing; medium for radio and television broadcasting;  the region above the ground;  a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of;  once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles);  travel via aircraft;  a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;  the mass of air surrounding the Earth;  a slight wind (usually refreshing); verb expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry;  broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television;  be broadcast;  expose to cool or cold air so as to cool or freshen;  make public;  expose to fresh air
  • airway - noun a commercial enterprise that provides scheduled flights for passengers;  a duct that provides ventilation (as in mines); the passages through which air enters and leaves the body;  a designated route followed by airplanes in flying from one airport to another
  • airways.
  • aj.
  • ak - noun a state in northwestern North America; the 49th state admitted to the union
  • akathisia.
  • akinesia - noun motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
  • aknown.
  • al - noun a state in the southeastern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War;  a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • ala - noun a wing of an insect;  a flat wing-shaped process or winglike part of an organism
  • alan.
  • alarming - adj. causing alarm or fear
  • albeit.
  • albert - noun prince consort of Queen Victoria of England (1819-1861)
  • albumin - noun a simple water-soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids
  • albuminuria - noun the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder
  • alcohol - noun a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent;  any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • alcoholic - adj. addicted to alcohol;  characteristic of or containing alcohol;  noun a person who drinks alcohol to excess habitually
  • alcoholics.
  • alcoholinduced.
  • alcoholism - noun habitual intoxication; prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms;  an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
  • alcohols.
  • aldehyde - noun any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds; used in making resins and dyes and organic acids
  • aldehydes.
  • aldosterone - noun a corticosteroid hormone that is secreted by the cortex of the adrenal gland; regulates salt (sodium and potassium) and water balance
  • aldosteronism - noun a condition caused by overproduction of aldosterone
  • alendronic.
  • alert - adj. very attentive or observant;  (usually followed by `to') showing acute awareness; mentally perceptive;  not unconscious; especially having become conscious;  mentally responsive;  noun a warning serves to make you more alert to danger;  condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action;  an automatic signal (usually a sound) warning of danger;  verb warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of preparedness
  • alertness - noun lively attentiveness;  a state of readiness to respond;  the process of paying close and continuous attention
  • alerts.
  • alfa.
  • alfentanil.
  • alfentanyl.
  • algebraic - adj. of or relating to algebra
  • alginate.
  • alginates.
  • alglucerase.
  • algorithm - noun a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
  • algorithms.
  • alimentary - adj. of or providing nourishment
  • aliments.
  • aliphatic - adj. having carbon atoms linked in open chains
  • alkaline - adj. relating to or containing an alkali; having a pH greater than 7
  • alkalinization.
  • alkalinize - verb make (a substance) alkaline;  become alkaline
  • alkalinized.
  • alkalinizing.
  • alkaloid - noun natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
  • alkaloids.
  • alkalosis - noun abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • alkyl - noun any of a series of univalent groups of the general formula CnH2n+1 derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons
  • alkylates.
  • alkylating.
  • all - adj. completely given to or absorbed by;  quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class;  adv. to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly')
  • allain.
  • allantoin.
  • allay - verb satisfy (thirst);  lessen the intensity of or calm
  • allergens.
  • allergic - adj. having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor);  characterized by or caused by allergy
  • allergies.
  • allergy - noun hypersensitivity reaction to a particular allergen; symptoms can vary greatly in intensity
  • alleviate - verb provide physical relief, as from pain;  make easier
  • alleviation - noun the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or annoyance);  the feeling that comes when something burdensome is removed or reduced
  • allhat.
  • allicin.
  • allied - adj. joined by treaty or agreement;  related by common characteristics or ancestry;  united in a confederacy or league;  of or relating to or denoting the Allies in World War I;  of or relating to or denoting the Allies in World War II
  • allinase.
  • allium - noun large genus of perennial and biennial pungent bulbous plants: garlic; leek; onion; chive; sometimes placed in family Alliaceae as the type genus
  • allman.
  • allogenic.
  • allolio.
  • allopurinol - noun a drug (trade name Zyloprim) used to treat gout and other conditions in which there is an excessive buildup of uric acid
  • allosteric.
  • allow - verb allow or plan for a certain possibility; concede the truth or validity of something;  give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause;  allow the presence of or allow (an activity) without opposing or prohibiting;  let have;  grant as a discount or in exchange;  consent to, give permission;  make it possible through a specific action or lack of action for something to happen;  allow the other (baseball) team to score;  make a possibility or provide opportunity for; permit to be attainable or cause to remain;  afford possibility
  • allowed.
  • allowing.
  • allows.
  • alluded.
  • allylamine.
  • allylamines.
  • alm.
  • almost - adv. (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished
  • alone - adj. radically distinctive and without equal;  exclusive of anyone or anything else;  isolated from others;  lacking companions or companionship;  adv. without anybody else;  without any others being included or involved
  • along - adv. with a forward motion;  in accompaniment or as a companion;  in addition (usually followed by `with');  to a more advanced state;  in line with a length or direction (often followed by `by' or `beside')
  • alopecia - noun loss of hair (especially on the head) or loss of wool or feathers; in humans it can result from heredity or hormonal imbalance or certain diseases or drugs and treatments (chemotherapy for cancer)
  • alower.
  • alpha - adj. early testing stage of a software or hardware product; first in order of importance;  noun the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet;  the beginning of a series or sequence
  • alpha-blocker - noun any of various drugs that block alpha-adrenergic receptors; used in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia; relaxes the muscles of the prostate and bladder
  • alpha-blocking.
  • alpha-demethylase.
  • alphaand.
  • alphabetical - adj. arranged in order according to the alphabet; relating to or expressed by a writing system that uses an alphabet
  • alphablockers.
  • alprazolam - noun an antianxiety agent (trade name Xanax) of the benzodiazepine class
  • alprostadil.
  • already - adv. prior to a specified or implied time
  • als - noun thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord; results in progressive muscle atrophy that starts in the limbs
  • also - adv. in addition
  • alt - noun angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
  • alteplase.
  • alter - verb remove the ovaries of;  make an alteration to;  make or become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence;  cause to change; make different; cause a transformation;  insert words into texts, often falsifying it thereby
  • alteration - noun the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment);  the act of revising or altering (involving reconsideration and modification);  an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another
  • alterations.
  • altered - adj. changed in form or character without becoming something else;  having testicles or ovaries removed;  changed in order to improve or made more fit for a particular purpose
  • altering - noun the sterilization of an animal
  • alternate-day.
  • alternating - adj. (of a current) reversing direction;  occurring by turns; first one and then the other
  • alternative - adj. necessitating a choice between mutually exclusive possibilities;  pertaining to unconventional choices;  allowing a choice;  noun one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  • alternative-splice.
  • alternatively - adv. in place of, or as an alternative to
  • alternatives.
  • alters.
  • although.
  • altitude - noun elevation especially above sea level or above the earth's surface;  the perpendicular distance from the base of a geometric figure to opposite vertex (or side if parallel);  angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
  • altogether - adv. with everything included or counted;  to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly');  with everything considered (and neglecting details); noun informal terms for nakedness
  • aluminium - noun a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • alveolar - adj. pertaining to the tiny air sacs of the lungs;  pertaining to the alveolar ridge;  noun a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • alveoli.
  • alveolitis - noun inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs caused by inhaling dust; with repeated exposure the condition may become chronic;  inflammation in the socket of a tooth; sometimes occurs after a tooth is extracted and a blood clot fails to form
  • always - adv. at all times; all the time and on every occasion; forever; throughout all time;  at any time or in any event;  seemingly without interruption; often and repeatedly
  • alzheimer.
  • am - noun modulation of the amplitude of the (radio) carrier wave;  a master's degree in arts and sciences;  a radioactive transuranic metallic element; discovered by bombarding uranium with helium atoms
  • ama.
  • amantadine.
  • amantidine.
  • ambitious - adj. having a strong desire for success or achievement; requiring full use of your abilities or resources
  • ambulance - noun a vehicle that takes people to and from hospitals
  • ameliorate - verb get better;  to make better
  • ameliorated.
  • amenable - adj. disposed or willing to comply;  liable to answer to a higher authority;  open to being acted upon in a certain way;  readily reacting to suggestions and influences
  • amendments.
  • amenorrhoea - noun absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  • america - noun North America and South America and Central America;  North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
  • american - adj. of or relating to or characteristic of the continents and islands of the Americas;  of or relating to the United States of America or its people or language or culture;  noun a native or inhabitant of a North American or Central American or South American country;  a native or inhabitant of the United States;  the English language as used in the United States
  • americans.
  • ames.
  • ametronidazole.
  • amfetamine.
  • amico.
  • amidase.
  • amidases.
  • amide - noun any organic compound containing the group -CONH2
  • amidst.
  • amikacin.
  • amiloride.
  • amin.
  • amine - noun a compound derived from ammonia by replacing hydrogen atoms by univalent hydrocarbon radicals
  • amines.
  • amino - adj. pertaining to or containing any of a group of organic compounds of nitrogen derived from ammonia;  noun the radical -NH2
  • amino acid - noun organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group
  • aminoacyl-trna.
  • aminobutyric.
  • aminoglycoside.
  • aminoglycosides.
  • aminolevulinic.
  • aminophylline - noun a theophylline derivative that is used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of bronchial asthma, emphysema, and bronchitis
  • aminoquinoline.
  • aminoquinolines.
  • aminosalicylates.
  • aminosalicylic.
  • amiodarone - noun an antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Cordarone) that has potentially fatal side effects and is used to control serious heart rhythm problems only when safer agents have been ineffective
  • amisulpride.
  • amitriptyline - noun a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
  • amlodipine.
  • ammonia - noun a pungent gas compounded of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3);  a water solution of ammonia
  • ammonia-producing.
  • ammoniacal - adj. pertaining to or containing or similar to ammonia
  • ammonium - noun the ion NH4 derived from ammonia; behaves in many respects like an alkali metal ion
  • amnesia - noun partial or total loss of memory
  • amoebic - adj. pertaining to or resembling amoebae
  • among.
  • amongst.
  • amount - noun how much of something is available;  how much there is of something that you can quantify;  a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers;  a quantity of money;  verb be tantamount or equivalent to;  develop into;  add up in number or quantity
  • amounts.
  • amoxicillin - noun an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • amoxicillina.
  • amp - noun the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites;  a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
  • amphetamine - noun a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
  • amphetamines.
  • amphotericin - noun an antibiotic and antifungal agent
  • ampicillin - noun semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK-Ampicillin)
  • amplification - noun (electronics) the act of increasing voltage or power or current;  addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail;  the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input
  • amplifies.
  • amplify - verb increase the volume of;  exaggerate or make bigger; increase in size, volume or significance;  to enlarge beyond bounds or the truth
  • amplitude - noun greatness of magnitude;  the property of copious abundance;  (physics) the maximum displacement of a periodic wave
  • amputations.
  • amsterdam - noun an industrial center and the nominal capital of the Netherlands; center of the diamond-cutting industry; seat of an important stock exchange; known for its canals and art museum
  • amycolatopsis.
  • amyloid - adj. resembling starch;  noun (pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue;  a non-nitrogenous food substance consisting chiefly of starch; any substance resembling starch
  • amyotrophic.
  • amyotrophy - noun progressive wasting of muscle tissues
  • an - noun an associate degree in nursing
  • anabolic - adj. characterized by or promoting constructive metabolism;  of or related to the synthetic phase of metabolism
  • anaemia - noun a deficiency of red blood cells;  a lack of vitality
  • anaemias.
  • anaemic - adj. lacking vigor or energy;  relating to anemia or suffering from anemia
  • anaerobes.
  • anaerobic - adj. living or active in the absence of free oxygen;  not aerobic
  • anaesthesia - noun loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
  • anaesthetic - adj. characterized by insensibility;  noun a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations
  • anaesthetics.
  • anaesthetist - noun a specialist who administers an anesthetic to a patient before he is treated
  • anaesthetists.
  • analgesia - noun absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness
  • analgesic - adj. capable of relieving pain;  noun a medicine used to relieve pain
  • analgesics.
  • analogous - adj. corresponding in function but not in evolutionary origin;  similar or equivalent in some respects though otherwise dissimilar
  • analogue - adj. of a circuit or device having an output that is proportional to the input;  noun something having the property of being analogous to something else
  • analogues.
  • analogy - noun drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect;  an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others;  the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; language can point in the right direction but any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate
  • analysed.
  • analyses.
  • analysis - noun an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole;  the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations;  a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation;  a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed;  the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father';  a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
  • analytical - adj. of a proposition that is necessarily true independent of fact or experience;  using or skilled in using analysis (i.e., separating a whole--intellectual or substantial--into its elemental parts or basic principles)
  • anandamide.
  • anaphylactic - adj. related to the hypersensitivity known as anaphylaxis
  • anaphylactogenic.
  • anaphylactoid.
  • anaphylaxic.
  • anaphylaxis - noun hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance
  • anastomoses.
  • anastrozole.
  • anatomical - adj. of or relating to the structure of the body;  of or relating to the branch of morphology that studies the structure of organisms;  noun an expression that relates to anatomy
  • anatomically - adv. with respect to anatomy
  • anatomy - noun a detailed analysis;  the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals;  alternative names for the body of a human being
  • ancestors.
  • and.
  • and_calculators.
  • andre.
  • androgen - noun male sex hormone that is produced in the testes and responsible for typical male sexual characteristics
  • androgen-sensitive.
  • androgenic - adj. of or related to the male hormone androgen
  • androgens.
  • androstane.
  • androstenedione.
  • androsterone - noun an androgenic hormone that is less active than testosterone
  • anecdotal - adj. having the character of an anecdote;  characterized by or given to telling anecdotes
  • anecdotally.
  • anecdotes.
  • anephric.
  • anesthetics.
  • aneurysm - noun a cardiovascular disease characterized by a saclike widening of an artery resulting from weakening of the artery wall
  • aneurysms.
  • anger - noun a strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance;  the state of being angry; belligerence aroused by a real or supposed wrong (personified as one of the deadly sins);  verb make angry;  become angry
  • angina - noun any disease of the throat or fauces marked by spasmodic attacks of intense suffocative pain;  a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart
  • anginal - adj. of or related to the pain of angina pectoris
  • angio-oedema.
  • angioedema.
  • angiogenesis - noun the formation of new blood vessels
  • angiographic.
  • angiography - noun roentgenographic examination of blood vessels after injection of a radiopaque contrast medium; produces an angiogram
  • angioneurotic.
  • angioplasty - noun an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery
  • angiotensic.
  • angiotensin - noun any of several vasoconstrictor substances (trade name Hypertensin) that cause narrowing of blood vessels
  • angiotensin-converting.
  • angiotensin ii - noun a potent vasopressor agent formed from angiotensin I
  • angiotensin-ii-mediated.
  • angiotensinconverting.
  • angiotensinogen.
  • angitensin.
  • angle - noun a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Saxons and Jutes to become Anglo-Saxons;  the space between two lines or planes that intersect; the inclination of one line to another; measured in degrees or radians;  a biased way of looking at or presenting something;  verb fish with a hook;  move or proceed at an angle;  present with a bias;  seek indirectly;  to incline or bend from a vertical position
  • anglo-scandinavian.
  • angonists.
  • angustifolia.
  • anhydrase.
  • anidulafungin.
  • anilines.
  • animal - adj. of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals;  marked by the appetites and passions of the body;  noun a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • animals.
  • anion - noun a negatively charged ion
  • anion-exchange.
  • anionic - adj. of or relating to anions;  noun a class of synthetic detergents in which the molecules do not ionize in aqueous solutions
  • anions.
  • anisocytosis.
  • ankle - noun a gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus
  • ankylosing.
  • annals - noun a chronological account of events in successive years;  reports of the work of a society or learned body etc
  • anne - noun Queen of England and Scotland and Ireland; daughter if James II and the last of the Stuart monarchs; in 1707 she was the last English ruler to exercise the royal veto over parliament (1665-1714)
  • annual - adj. completing its life cycle within a year;  occurring or payable every year;  noun a reference book that is published regularly once every year;  a plant that completes its entire life cycle within the space of a year
  • annually - adv. without missing a year;  by the year; every year (usually with reference to a sum of money paid or received)
  • annuals.
  • anon - adv. (old-fashioned or informal) in a little while;  at another time;  noun sweet pulpy tropical fruit with thick scaly rind and shiny black seeds
  • anorectic - adj. causing loss of appetite;  suffering from anorexia nervosa; pathologically thin;  noun a person suffering from anorexia nervosa
  • anorexia - noun a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
  • another - adj. any of various alternatives; some other
  • anovulatory.
  • anson.
  • answer - noun a nonverbal reaction;  the principle pleading by the defendant in response to plaintiff's complaint; in criminal law it consists of the defendant's plea of `guilty' or `not guilty' (or nolo contendere); in civil law it must contain denials of all allegations in the plaintiff's complaint that the defendant hopes to controvert and it can contain affirmative defenses or counterclaims;  a statement (either spoken or written) that is made in reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation;  the speech act of replying to a question;  a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem;  verb understand the meaning of;  give the correct answer or solution to;  react to a stimulus or command;  respond to a signal;  give a defence or refutation of (a charge) or in (an argument); reply or respond to;  be satisfactory for; meet the requirements of or serve the purpose of;  match or correspond;  be liable or accountable; be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity
  • antacid - adj. acting to neutralize acid (especially in the stomach); noun an agent that counteracts or neutralizes acidity (especially in the stomach)
  • antacids.
  • antagonism - noun (biochemistry) interference in or inhibition of the physiological action of a chemical substance by another having a similar structure;  an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility;  the relation between opposing principles or forces or factors;  a state of deep-seated ill-will
  • antagonist - noun a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug;  a muscle that relaxes while another contracts; someone who offers opposition
  • antagonist-induced.
  • antagonistic - adj. incapable of harmonious association;  used especially of drugs or muscles that counteract or neutralize each other's effect;  arousing animosity or hostility;  characterized by antagonism or antipathy;  indicating opposition or resistance
  • antagonists.
  • antagonize - verb provoke the hostility of;  act in opposition to
  • antagonized.
  • antagonizes.
  • antagonizing.
  • antegradely.
  • anterior - adj. earlier in time;  of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body;  noun a tooth situated at the front of the mouth
  • anterograde - adj. of amnesia; affecting time immediately following trauma
  • anthrax - noun a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia;  a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep); it can be transmitted to people
  • anti - adj. not in favor of (an action or proposal etc.);  noun a person who is opposed (to an action or policy or practice etc.)
  • anti-allergic.
  • anti-analgesic.
  • anti-androgen.
  • anti-androgenic.
  • anti-androgens.
  • anti-anginal.
  • anti-bcl.
  • anti-cancer.
  • anti-cytokine.
  • anti-drug.
  • anti-dyshythmic.
  • anti-dysrhythmic.
  • anti-dysrhythmics.
  • anti-emetic.
  • anti-emetics.
  • anti-epileptic.
  • anti-epileptics.
  • anti-gh.
  • anti-gonadotrophic.
  • anti-hiccough.
  • anti-hiv.
  • anti-hypertensive.
  • anti-hypertensives.
  • anti-ige.
  • anti-infective.
  • anti-inflammatory - noun a medicine intended to reduce inflammation
  • anti-lepromatous.
  • anti-mineralocorticoid.
  • anti-muscarinic.
  • anti-oestrogens.
  • anti-ovulatory.
  • anti-oxidant.
  • anti-oxidants.
  • anti-parkinsonian.
  • anti-progestogens.
  • anti-seizure.
  • anti-sense.
  • anti-stress.
  • anti-t-cell.
  • anti-tb.
  • anti-tnf.
  • anti-tuberculous.
  • antiandrogen.
  • antibacterial - adj. destroying bacteria or inhibiting their growth; noun any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
  • antibacterials.
  • antibiotic - adj. of or relating to antibiotic drugs;  noun a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections
  • antibiotics.
  • antibodies.
  • antibody - noun any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response
  • anticholinergic - adj. inhibiting or blocking the action of acetylcholine at a receptor site;  noun a substance that opposes or blocks the action of acetylcholine
  • anticholinergics.
  • anticholinesterase - noun a medicine that inhibits cholinesterase by combining with it and so has a cholinergic effect
  • anticholinesterases.
  • anticipate - verb be a forerunner of or occur earlier than;  realize beforehand;  be excited or anxious about;  act in advance of; deal with ahead of time;  regard something as probable or likely;  make a prediction about; tell in advance
  • anticipated - adj. expected hopefully
  • anticipation - noun something expected (as on the basis of a norm);  pleasurable expectation;  wishing with confidence of fulfillment;  the act of predicting (as by reasoning about the future)
  • anticoagulant - noun medicine that prevents or retards the clotting of blood
  • anticoagulants.
  • anticoagulated.
  • anticoagulation - noun the administration of an anticoagulant drug to retard coagulation of the blood
  • anticonvulsant - noun a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
  • anticonvulsants.
  • antidepressant - noun any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects
  • antidepressants.
  • antidepressive.
  • antidepressives.
  • antidiarrhoeal.
  • antidiuretic - noun a drug that limits the formation of urine
  • antidote - noun a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison
  • antidotes.
  • antidysrhythmic.
  • antiemetic - noun a drug that prevents or alleviates nausea and vomiting
  • antiemetics.
  • antiepileptic - noun a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
  • antiepileptics.
  • antifungal - adj. capable of destroying fungi;  noun any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi
  • antifungals.
  • antigen - noun any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
  • antigen-induced.
  • antigenic - adj. of or relating to antigens
  • antigens.
  • antiglucocorticoid.
  • antiheparin.
  • antihistamine - noun a medicine used to treat allergies and hypersensitive reactions and colds; works by counteracting the effects of histamine on a receptor site
  • antihistamines.
  • antihistaminic.
  • antihypertensive - noun a drug that reduces high blood pressure
  • antihypertensives.
  • antihypokalaemia.
  • antihypoxic.
  • antiinflammatory.
  • antimalarials.
  • antimetabolite - noun an antineoplastic drug that inhibits the utilization of a metabolite
  • antimicrobial - adj. capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of disease-causing microorganisms;  noun an agent (as heat or radiation or a chemical) that destroys microorganisms that might carry disease
  • antimicrobials.
  • antimotility.
  • antimuscarinic.
  • antimuscarinics.
  • antimycobacterial.
  • antinuclear.
  • antioestrogenic.
  • antioestrogens.
  • antioxidant - noun substance that inhibits oxidation or inhibits reactions promoted by oxygen or peroxides
  • antiparkinsonian.
  • antiplatelet.
  • antipseudomonal.
  • antipsychotic - noun tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
  • antipsychotics.
  • antipyretic - adj. preventing or alleviating fever;  noun any medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever
  • antipyrine.
  • antireceptor.
  • antiretroviral.
  • antirheumatic.
  • antiseizure.
  • antisense.
  • antispasmodic - noun a drug used to relieve or prevent spasms (especially of the smooth muscles)
  • antithrombin.
  • antithrombotic.
  • antithyroid - adj. having the effect of counteracting excessive thyroid activity
  • antitrypsin.
  • antituberculous.
  • antitussive - noun any medicine used to suppress or relieve coughing
  • antitussives.
  • antiviral - adj. inhibiting or stopping the growth and reproduction of viruses;  noun any drug that destroys viruses
  • antivitamin.
  • antral.
  • antrum - noun a natural cavity or hollow in a bone
  • anucleate.
  • anxiety - noun a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune;  a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
  • anxiolysis.
  • anxiolytic - adj. anxiety relieving;  noun a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety and reduce tension and irritability
  • anxiolytics.
  • anxious - adj. eagerly desirous;  causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  • any - adj. one or some or every or all without specification;  adv. to any degree or extent
  • anyone.
  • anything - noun a thing of any kind
  • ao.
  • aorta - noun the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries
  • aortic - adj. of or relating to the aorta
  • aother.
  • ap.
  • apart - adj. remote and separate physically or socially;  having characteristics not shared by others;  not living together as man and wife;  adv. not taken into account or excluded from consideration; into parts or pieces;  separated or at a distance in place or position or time;  one from the other;  away from another or others;  placed or kept separate and distinct as for a purpose
  • apathetic - adj. marked by a lack of interest;  showing little or no emotion or animation
  • apathy - noun the trait of lacking enthusiasm for or interest in things generally;  an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
  • apc - noun a drug combination found in some over-the-counter headache remedies (aspirin and phenacetin and caffeine);  (military) an armored vehicle (usually equipped with treads) that is used to transport infantry
  • apex - noun the point on the celestial sphere toward which the sun and solar system appear to be moving relative to the fixed stars;  the highest point (of something)
  • aphrodisiac - adj. exciting sexual desire;  noun a drug or other agent that stimulates sexual desire
  • aphthous.
  • apical - adj. situated at an apex
  • aplasia - noun failure of some tissue or organ to develop
  • aplastic.
  • apnoea.
  • apnoeic - adj. of or relating to apnea
  • apo.
  • apolipoprotein.
  • apomorphine - noun a morphine derivative that is not as strong as morphine; used as an emetic and in small doses as a sedative
  • apoptosis - noun a type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellular machinery to kill itself; a cell suicide mechanism that enables metazoans to control cell number and eliminate cells that threaten the animal's survival
  • appalling - adj. causing consternation;  noun an experience that appalls
  • apparatus - noun equipment designed to serve a specific function; (anatomy) a group of body parts that work together to perform a given function
  • apparent - adj. clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment;  appearing as such but not necessarily so
  • apparently - adv. from appearances alone;  unmistakably (`plain' is often used informally for `plainly')
  • appeal - noun (law) a legal proceeding in which the appellant resorts to a higher court for the purpose of obtaining a review of a lower court decision and a reversal of the lower court's judgment or the granting of a new trial;  attractiveness that interests or pleases or stimulates;  request for a sum of money;  earnest or urgent request; verb request earnestly (something from somebody); ask for aid or protection;  take a court case to a higher court for review;  challenge (a decision);  cite as an authority; resort to;  be attractive to
  • appear - verb come into sight or view;  come into being or existence, or appear on the scene;  be issued or published;  appear as a character on stage or appear in a play, etc.;  seem to be true, probable, or apparent;  present oneself formally, as before a (judicial) authority;  give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect
  • appearance - noun the act of appearing in public view;  pretending that something is the case in order to make a good impression; formal attendance (in court or at a hearing) of a party in an action; outward or visible aspect of a person or thing;  a mental representation;  the event of coming into sight
  • appeared.
  • appears.
  • appendage - noun a part that is joined to something larger;  a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant;  an external body part that projects from the body
  • appendicitis - noun inflammation of the vermiform appendix
  • appendix - noun a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch;  supplementary material that is collected and appended at the back of a book
  • appetite - noun a feeling of craving something
  • appetite-suppressing.
  • applicable - adj. readily applicable or practical;  capable of being applied; having relevance
  • application - noun a diligent effort;  the work of applying something; the act of bringing something to bear; using it for a particular purpose;  a verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school;  a program that gives a computer instructions that provide the user with tools to accomplish a task;  liquid preparation having a soothing or antiseptic or medicinal action when applied to the skin
  • applications.
  • applied - adj. concerned with concrete problems or data rather than with fundamental principles; opposed to theoretical;  put into practice or put to use;  that are used
  • applies.
  • apply - verb ask (for something);  refer (a word or name) to a person or thing;  apply oneself to;  be pertinent or relevant or applicable;  put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose;  apply to a surface; give or convey physically;  ensure observance of laws and rules; avail oneself to;  be applicable to; as to an analysis
  • applying.
  • appreciable - adj. enough to be estimated or measured
  • appreciably - adv. to a noticeable degree
  • appreciate - verb increase the value of;  gain in value;  be fully aware of; realize fully;  recognize with gratitude; be grateful for;  hold dear
  • appreciated - adj. fully understood or grasped;  giving pleasure or satisfaction
  • appreciation - noun an increase in price or value;  understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something;  an expression of gratitude;  a favorable judgment;  delicate discrimination (especially of aesthetic values)
  • approach - noun the act of drawing spatially closer to something;  a relatively short golf shot intended to put the ball onto the putting green;  ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation; a close approximation;  the temporal property of becoming nearer in time;  the event of one object coming closer to another;  a way of entering or leaving;  a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others;  the final path followed by an aircraft as it is landing;  verb make advances to someone, usually with a proposal or suggestion;  come near in time;  move towards;  begin to deal with; come near or verge on, resemble, come nearer in quality, or character
  • approached.
  • approaches.
  • appropriate - adj. suitable for a particular person or place or condition etc;  suitable and fitting;  meant or adapted for an occasion or use;  being of striking appropriateness and pertinence;  appropriate for achieving a particular end; implies a lack of concern for fairness; verb take possession of by force, as after an invasion;  give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause
  • appropriately - adv. in an appropriate manner
  • approval - noun a message expressing a favorable opinion;  a feeling of liking something or someone good;  acceptance as satisfactory;  the formal act of approving
  • approve - verb judge to be right or commendable; think well of;  give sanction to
  • approved - adj. generally or especially officially judged acceptable or satisfactory;  established by authority; given authoritative approval
  • approximate - adj. located close together;  very close in resemblance;  not quite exact or correct;  verb be close or similar; judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)
  • approximately - adv. (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct
  • approximates.
  • approximations.
  • aprepitant.
  • april - noun the month following March and preceding May
  • aptt.
  • aquas.
  • aqueous - adj. produced by the action of water;  similar to or containing or dissolved in water
  • ar - noun a state in south central United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War;  a unit of surface area equal to 100 square meters;  a colorless and odorless inert gas; one of the six inert gases; comprises approximately 1% of the earth's atmosphere
  • arabians.
  • arachidonic.
  • arachis - noun a genus of plants with pods that ripen underground (see peanut)
  • arachnophobia - noun a morbid fear of spiders
  • arb - noun someone who engages in arbitrage (who purchases securities in one market for immediate resale in another in the hope of profiting from the price differential)
  • arbiter - noun someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue;  someone with the power to settle matters at will
  • arbitrarily - adv. in a random manner
  • arbitrary - adj. based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or caprice
  • arch - adj. expert in skulduggery;  (used of behavior or attitude) characteristic of those who treat others with condescension;  noun(architecture) a masonry construction (usually curved) for spanning an opening and supporting the weight above it;  a passageway under a curved masonry construction;  a curved bony structure supporting or enclosing organs (especially the inner sides of the feet);  a curved shape in the vertical plane that spans an opening;  verb form an arch or curve
  • are - noun a unit of surface area equal to 100 square meters
  • area - noun a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function;  the extent of a 2-dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary;  a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve;  a subject of study;  a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography);  a particular environment or walk of life
  • areas.
  • arelative.
  • arg-to-gly.
  • arginine - noun a bitter tasting amino acid found in proteins and necessary for nutrition; its absence from the diet leads to a reduced production of spermatozoa
  • arguably - adv. as can be shown by argument
  • argued.
  • argument - noun a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value determines the dependent variable; if f(x)=y, x is the independent variable;  a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play or movie;  a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true;  a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal;  a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
  • aripiprazole.
  • arise - verb result or issue;  rise to one's feet;  originate or come into being;  get up and out of bed;  move upward;  take part in a rebellion; renounce a former allegiance;  come into existence; take on form or shape
  • arisen.
  • arises.
  • arising.
  • aristocholic.
  • arithmetically - adv. with respect to arithmetic
  • arlt.
  • arm - noun the part of an armchair or sofa that supports the elbow and forearm of a seated person;  any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm;  a human limb; technically the part of the superior limb between the shoulder and the elbow but commonly used to refer to the whole superior limb;  the part of a garment that is attached at the armhole and that provides a cloth covering for the arm;  any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting;  an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization; verb prepare oneself for a military confrontation;  supply with arms
  • armamentarium - noun the collection of equipment and methods used in the practice of medicine
  • arms - noun the official symbols of a family, state, etc.;  weapons considered collectively
  • armstrong - noun United States jazz trumpeter and bandleader (1900-1971);  United States astronaut; the first man to set foot on the moon (July 20, 1969) (1930-)
  • arnold - noun United States general and traitor in the American Revolution; in 1780 his plan to surrender West Point to the British was foiled (1741-1801);  English poet and literary critic (1822-1888)
  • arns.
  • arntz.
  • aroma - noun a distinctive odor that is pleasant;  any property detected by the olfactory system
  • aromatase.
  • aromatic - adj. having a strong pleasant odor;  (chemistry) of or relating to or containing one or more benzene rings
  • aronson.
  • around - adv. in circumference;  by a circular or circuitous route;  in a circle or circular motion;  to a particular destination either specified or understood;  (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct;  in the area or vicinity;  from beginning to end; throughout;  all around or on all sides;  in or to a reversed position or direction;  to or among many different places or in no particular direction
  • arousal - noun the act of arousing;  awakening from sleep;  a state of heightened physiological activity;  mutual sexual fondling prior to sexual intercourse
  • aroused - adj. (of persons) excessively affected by emotion; aroused to action;  feeling great sexual desire;  brought to a state of great tension;  emotionally aroused;  keenly excited (especially sexually) or indicating excitement
  • arranged - adj. deliberately arranged for effect;  planned in advance; disposed or placed in a particular kind of order
  • arrangement - noun the act of arranging and adapting a piece of music;  an organized structure for arranging or classifying;  an orderly grouping (of things or persons) considered as a unit; the result of arranging;  the spatial property of the way in which something is placed;  the thing arranged or agreed to;  a piece of music that has been adapted for performance by a particular set of voices or instruments
  • arranging - noun the act of arranging and adapting a piece of music
  • array - noun an arrangement of aerials spaced to give desired directional characteristics;  especially fine or decorative clothing;  an impressive display;  an orderly arrangement;  verb align oneself with a group or a way of thinking;  lay out orderly or logically in a line or as if in a line
  • arrest - noun the state of inactivity following an interruption;  the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal);  verb hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of;  take into custody;  attract and fix;  cause to stop
  • arrhythmias.
  • arrival - noun accomplishment of an objective;  the act of arriving at a certain place;  someone who arrives (or has arrived)
  • arrive - verb reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress; succeed in a big way; get to the top
  • arrived.
  • arrives.
  • arrowed.
  • arrows.
  • art - noun the creation of beautiful or significant things;  the products of human creativity; works of art collectively;  a superior skill that you can learn by study and practice and observation;  photographs or other visual representations in a printed publication
  • artefacts.
  • arterial - adj. of or involving or contained in the arteries
  • arteries.
  • arteriolar - adj. of or relating to or involving arterioles
  • arterioles.
  • arteriosus.
  • arteriovenous - adj. connecting an artery to a vein
  • arteritis - noun inflammation of an artery
  • artery - noun a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic;  a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  • arthralgia - noun pain in a joint or joints
  • arthralgias.
  • arthritis - noun inflammation of a joint or joints
  • arthropathy - noun a pathology or abnormality of a joint
  • arthus.
  • articles.
  • articular - adj. relating to or affecting the joints of the body
  • articulate - adj. expressing yourself easily or characterized by clear expressive language;  consisting of segments held together by joints; verb express or state clearly;  speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way;  put into words or an expression;  provide with a joint
  • artifically.
  • artificial - adj. artificially formal;  contrived by art rather than nature; not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes
  • arulmozhi.
  • aryl.
  • as - adv. to the same degree (often followed by `as');  noun a United States territory on the eastern part of the island of Samoa;  a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
  • as needed - adv. according to need (physicians use PRN in writing prescriptions)
  • asa.
  • asadullah.
  • ascending - adj. moving or going or growing upward;  noun the act of changing location in an upward direction
  • ascertain - verb learn or discover with certainty;  be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;  establish after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study;  find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort
  • ascites - noun accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
  • ascorbate.
  • ascorbic.
  • ascot - noun a cravat with wide square ends; secured with an ornamental pin
  • ascot-bpla.
  • ascribed.
  • aseptic - adj. free of or using methods to keep free of pathological microorganisms
  • asia - noun the nations of the Asian continent collectively;  the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
  • asian - adj. denoting or characteristic of the biogeographic region including southern Asia and the Malay Archipelago as far as the Philippines and Borneo and Java;  of or relating to or characteristic of Asia or the peoples of Asia or their languages or culture;  noun a native or inhabitant of Asia
  • asians.
  • ask - verb make a request or demand for something to somebody; consider obligatory; request and expect;  inquire about;  direct or put; seek an answer to;  address a question to and expect an answer from;  require or ask for as a price or condition;  require as useful, just, or proper
  • asked.
  • asleep - adj. dead;  in a state of sleep;  lacking sensation;  adv. into a sleeping state;  in the sleep of death
  • asparaginase - noun antineoplastic drug (trade name Elspar) sometimes used to treat lymphoblastic leukemia
  • aspart.
  • aspect - noun a characteristic to be considered;  a distinct feature or element in a problem;  the beginning or duration or completion or repetition of the action of a verb;  the feelings expressed on a person's face;  the visual percept of a region
  • aspects.
  • aspergillus - noun genus of common molds causing food spoilage and some pathogenic to plants and animals
  • aspirate - noun a consonant pronounced with aspiration;  verb suck in (air);  pronounce with aspiration; of stop sounds;  remove as if by suction
  • aspiration - noun a will to succeed;  a manner of articulation involving an audible release of breath;  the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing;  a cherished desire
  • aspirin - noun the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • aspirin-sensitive.
  • aspirinsensitive.
  • asprin.
  • assault - noun a threatened or attempted physical attack by someone who appears to be able to cause bodily harm if not stopped;  close fighting during the culmination of a military attack; thoroughbred that won the triple crown in 1946;  the crime of forcing a woman to submit to sexual intercourse against her will;  verb attack in speech or writing;  attack someone physically or emotionally;  force (someone) to have sex against their will
  • assay - noun a quantitative or qualitative test of a substance (especially an ore or a drug) to determine its components; frequently used to test for the presence or concentration of infectious agents or antibodies etc.;  an appraisal of the state of affairs;  a written report of the results of an analysis of the composition of some substance;  a substance that is undergoing an analysis of its components;  verbanalyze (chemical substances);  make an effort or attempt
  • assays.
  • assembly - noun the social act of assembling;  a group of machine parts that fit together to form a self-contained unit;  a group of persons gathered together for a common purpose;  the act of constructing something (as a piece of machinery);  a public facility to meet for open discussion
  • assess - verb estimate the value of (property) for taxation;  charge (a person or a property) with a payment, such as a tax or a fine;  place a value on; judge the worth of something;  set or determine the amount of (a payment such as a fine)
  • assessed.
  • assessing.
  • assessment - noun the market value set on assets;  an amount determined as payable;  the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event;  the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
  • assessments.
  • assist - noun (sports) the act of enabling another player to make a good play;  the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose;  verb act as an assistant in a subordinate or supportive function;  work for or be a servant to;  give help or assistance; be of service
  • assistance - noun the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose;  a resource
  • assisted - adj. having help; often used as a combining form
  • assisting.
  • assists.
  • associate - adj. having partial rights and privileges or subordinate status;  noun any event that usually accompanies or is closely connected with another;  a person who joins with others in some activity;  a degree granted by a two-year college on successful completion of the undergraduates course of studies;  a person who is frequently in the company of another;  verb make a logical or causal connection;  bring or come into association or action;  keep company with; hang out with
  • associated - adj. related to or accompanying;  joined in some kind of relationship (as a colleague or ally or companion etc.)
  • association - noun the act of consorting with or joining with others; the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination;  (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species;  a formal organization of people or groups of people;  (chemistry) any process of combination (especially in solution) that depends on relatively weak chemical bonding;  a relation resulting from interaction or dependence;  the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination;  a social or business relationship
  • associations.
  • assume - verb take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect;  take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof;  take up someone's soul into heaven;  occupy or take on;  seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession;  take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities;  put clothing on one's body;  make a pretence of;  take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
  • assumed - adj. accepted as real or true without proof;  adopted in order to deceive;  taken as your right without justification
  • assuming - adj. excessively forward
  • assumptions.
  • assurance - noun freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities;  a statement intended to inspire confidence;  a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something;  a British term for some kinds of insurance
  • ast.
  • astemizole.
  • asterixis.
  • asthenia - noun an abnormal loss of strength
  • asthma - noun respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • asthmatic - adj. relating to breathing with a whistling sound;  noun a person suffering from asthma
  • asthmatics.
  • astute - adj. marked by practical hardheaded intelligence
  • asymptomatic - adj. having no symptoms of illness or disease
  • asystole - noun absence of systole; failure of the ventricles of the heart to contract (usually caused by ventricular fibrillation) with consequent absence of the heart beat leading to oxygen lack and eventually to death
  • at - noun 100 at equal 1 kip in Laos;  a highly unstable radioactive element (the heaviest of the halogen series); a decay product of uranium and thorium
  • ataxia - noun inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
  • atenolol - noun an oral beta blocker (trade name Tenormin) used in treating hypertension and angina; has adverse side effects (depression and exacerbation of congestive heart failure etc.)
  • atherogenesis - noun the formation of atheromas on the walls of the arteries as in atherosclerosis
  • atherogenic.
  • atheroma - noun a fatty deposit in the intima (inner lining) of an artery; can obstruct blood flow
  • atheromatous - adj. of or relating to or resembling atheroma
  • atherosclerosis - noun a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • atherosclerotic - adj. of or relating to atherosclerosis
  • atherothrombosis.
  • atherothrombotic.
  • athetoid.
  • athletes.
  • atmospheres.
  • atmospheric - adj. relating to or located in the atmosphere
  • atoms.
  • atonic - adj. used of syllables;  characterized by a lack of tonus
  • atony - noun lack of normal muscular tension or tonus
  • atopic.
  • atopy - noun an allergic reaction that becomes apparent in a sensitized person only minutes after contact
  • atorvastatin - noun an oral drug (trade name Lipitor) that is effective in lowering triglycerides; potent in reducing LDL cholesterol because higher doses can be given
  • atp - noun a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
  • atp-dependent.
  • atp-sensitive.
  • atpase.
  • atracurium.
  • atria.
  • atrial - adj. of or relating to a cavity or chamber in the body (especially one of the upper chambers of the heart)
  • atrioventricular - adj. relating to or affecting the atria and ventricles of the heart
  • atrium - noun the central area in a building; open to the sky;  any chamber that is connected to other chambers or passageways (especially one of the two upper chambers of the heart)
  • atrophy - noun any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use);  a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse;  verb undergo atrophy
  • atropine - noun a poisonous crystalline alkaloid extracted from the nightshade family; used as an antispasmodic and to dilate the eye pupil; also administered in large amounts as an antidote for organophosphate nerve agents or organophosphate insecticides
  • atropine-like.
  • attached - adj. associated in an exclusive sexual relationship;  used of buildings joined by common sidewalls;  fastened together; permanently attached to a substrate; not free to move about;  being joined in close association
  • attaches.
  • attachment - noun the act of attaching or affixing something;  faithful support for a religion or cause or political party;  a supplementary part or accessory;  a connection that fastens things together;  a writ authorizing the seizure of property that may be needed for the payment of a judgment in a judicial proceeding;  a feeling of affection for a person or an institution;  the act of fastening things together
  • attack - noun a decisive manner of beginning a musical tone or phrase;  an offensive move in a sport or game;  the act of attacking; (military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons);  strong criticism;  the onset of a corrosive or destructive process (as by a chemical agent);  a sudden occurrence of an uncontrollable condition;  ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation;  intense adverse criticism;  verb begin to injure;  set to work upon; turn one's energies vigorously to a task;  attack in speech or writing;  take the initiative and go on the offensive;  launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with;  attack someone physically or emotionally
  • attacks.
  • attained - adj. achieved or reached
  • attaining.
  • attainment - noun arrival at a new stage;  the act of achieving an aim;  an ability that has been acquired by training
  • attempt - noun earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something;  the act of attacking;  verb enter upon an activity or enterprise;  make an effort or attempt
  • attempted - adj. tried unsuccessfully
  • attempting.
  • attempts.
  • attendant - adj. being present (at meeting or event etc.);  following as a consequence;  noun a person who is present and participates in a meeting;  someone who waits on or tends to or attends to the needs of another;  an event or situation that happens at the same time as or in connection with another
  • attended - adj. having a caretaker or other watcher;  having accompaniment or companions or escort
  • attends.
  • attention - noun a courteous act indicating affection;  a motionless erect stance with arms at the sides and feet together; assumed by military personnel during drill or review;  the faculty or power of mental concentration;  the process whereby a person concentrates on some features of the environment to the (relative) exclusion of others;  a general interest that leads people to want to know more; the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something
  • attenuates.
  • attitude - noun a theatrical pose created for effect;  a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways;  position of aircraft or spacecraft relative to a frame of reference (the horizon or direction of motion); the arrangement of the body and its limbs
  • attract - verb exert a force on (a body) causing it to approach or prevent it from moving away;  direct toward itself or oneself by means of some psychological power or physical attributes;  be attractive to
  • attraction - noun the quality of arousing interest; being attractive or something that attracts;  a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts;  an entertainment that is offered to the public;  the force by which one object attracts another;  an entertainer who attracts large audiences
  • attractions.
  • attributable - adj. capable of being attributed
  • attribute - noun an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of an entity;  a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished;  verb attribute or credit to;  decide as to where something belongs in a scheme
  • attributed.
  • attribution - noun assigning to a cause or source;  assigning some quality or character to a person or thing
  • attuned - adj. so adjusted as to be appropriate or brought into harmony;  brought to correct pitch
  • atypical - adj. deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal;  not representative of a group, class, or type
  • atypicals.
  • atyptical.
  • auc - noun a terrorist organization in Colombia formed in 1997 as an umbrella for local and regional paramilitary groups; is financed by earnings from narcotics and serves to protect the economic interests of its members
  • auci.
  • aucoral.
  • audible - adj. heard or perceptible by the ear;  noun a football play is changed orally after both teams have assumed their positions at the line of scrimmage
  • auditory - adj. of or relating to the process of hearing
  • augment - verb enlarge or increase;  grow or intensify
  • augmentation - noun the act of augmenting;  the statement of a theme in notes of greater duration (usually twice the length of the original);  the amount by which something increases
  • augmented - adj. added to or made greater in amount or number or strength
  • augmenting.
  • augments.
  • aura - noun an indication of radiant light drawn around the head of a saint;  a sensation (as of a cold breeze or bright light) that precedes the onset of certain disorders such as a migraine attack or epileptic seizure;  a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing
  • auranofin.
  • aureus.
  • auricular - adj. pertaining to an auricle of the heart;  relating to or perceived by or shaped like the organ of hearing;  of or relating to near the ear
  • aurothiomalate.
  • australia - noun a nation occupying the whole of the Australian continent; aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern Asia 20,000 years ago; first Europeans were British convicts sent there as a penal colony;  the smallest continent; between the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean
  • author - noun someone who originates or causes or initiates something;  writes (books or stories or articles or the like) professionally (for pay);  verb be the author of
  • authorities - noun the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit
  • authors.
  • auto-antibodies.
  • autoimmune - adj. of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body
  • autoimmunogenic.
  • autologous - adj. derived from organisms of the selfsame individual
  • automatically - adv. in a reflex manner;  in a mechanical manner; by a mechanism
  • automaticity.
  • autonomic - adj. relating to or controlled by the autonomic nervous system
  • autopsy - noun an examination and dissection of a dead body to determine cause of death or the changes produced by disease;  verbperform an autopsy on a dead body; do a post-mortem
  • autosensitization.
  • autosomal - adj. of or relating to an autosome
  • autosomal-recessive.
  • autumn - noun the season when the leaves fall from the trees
  • av - noun the eleventh month of the civil year; the fifth month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in July and August)
  • availabilities.
  • availability - noun the quality of being at hand when needed
  • available - adj. obtainable or accessible and ready for use or service;  convenient for use or disposal;  not busy; not otherwise committed
  • avastin.
  • avenues.
  • average - adj. lacking special distinction, rank, or status; commonly encountered;  around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical measures;  approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value;  lacking exceptional quality or ability;  relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values); relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution; noun a statistic describing the location of a distribution;  verbcompute the average of;  achieve or reach on average;  amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain
  • average-sized.
  • averted.
  • averting - noun the act of preventing something from occurring;  the act of turning yourself (or your gaze) away
  • avery.
  • avoid - verb stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or something;  refrain from doing something;  refrain from certain foods or beverages;  prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening;  declare invalid
  • avoidable - adj. capable of being avoided or warded off
  • avoidance - noun deliberately avoiding; keeping away from or preventing from happening
  • avoided.
  • avoiding.
  • avoids.
  • aw.
  • awaiting.
  • awake - adj. not in a state of sleep; completely conscious;  (usually followed by `to') showing acute awareness; mentally perceptive;  not unconscious; especially having become conscious;  verb stop sleeping
  • awakening - noun the act of waking
  • aware - adj. (sometimes followed by `of') having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization or perception;  aware or knowing;  bearing in mind; attentive to
  • awareness - noun having knowledge of;  state of elementary or undifferentiated consciousness
  • away - adj. (of a baseball pitch) on the far side of home plate from the batter;  used of an opponent's ground;  not present; having left; adv. from a particular thing or place or position (`forth' is obsolete); from one's possession;  out of existence;  indicating continuing action; continuously or steadily;  in a different direction;  in or into a proper place (especially for storage or safekeeping);  so as to be removed or gotten rid of;  freely or at will;  in reserve; not for immediate use;  out of the way (especially away from one's thoughts);  at a distance in space or time
  • awoke.
  • awoken.
  • axetil.
  • axis - noun the center around which something rotates;  the 2nd cervical vertebra; serves as a pivot for turning the head;  a straight line through a body or figure that satisfies certain conditions;  in World War II the alliance of Germany and Italy in 1936 which later included Japan and other nations;  the main stem or central part about which plant organs or plant parts such as branches are arranged;  a group of countries in special alliance
  • axon - noun long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
  • axonal - adj. of or relating to or resembling an axon
  • ay.
  • ayres.
  • az - noun a state in southwestern United States; site of the Grand Canyon;  the azimuth of a celestial body is the angle between the vertical plane containing it and the plane of the meridian
  • azathioprine - noun an immunosuppressive drug (trade name Imuran) used to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ
  • azithromycin.
  • azlocillin.
  • azole.
  • azole-related.
  • azoles.
  • azospermia.
  • aztreonam - noun an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects

Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

B

  • b - noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • b-cells.
  • b-lymphocytes.
  • ba - noun a bachelor's degree in arts and sciences;  a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali earth group; found in barite
  • baber.
  • babies.
  • baby - noun a project of personal concern to someone;  a very young mammal;  (slang) sometimes used as a term of address for attractive young women;  the youngest member of a group (not necessarily young);  a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk;  an immature childish person;  verb treat with excessive indulgence
  • bacilli.
  • bacillus - noun aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil
  • back - adj. located at or near the back of an animal;  related to or located at the back;  of an earlier date;  adv. in or to or toward a past time;  at or to or toward the back or rear;  in repayment or retaliation; in or to or toward a former location;  in or to or toward an original condition;  in answer;  noun the position of a player on a football team who is stationed behind the line of scrimmage;  a support that you can lean against while sitting;  the part of a garment that covers the back of your body;  the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine;  the part of something that is furthest from the normal viewer;  (football) a person who plays in the backfield;  the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book;  the side that goes last or is not normally seen;  the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord;  verb strengthen by providing with a back or backing;  establish as valid or genuine;  shift to a counterclockwise direction;  travel backward;  cause to travel backward;  support financial backing for; be behind; approve of;  be in back of;  place a bet on;  give support or one's approval to
  • backache - noun an ache localized in the back
  • backbone - noun the part of a network that connects other networks together;  fortitude and determination;  the part of a book's cover that encloses the inner side of the book's pages and that faces outward when the book is shelved;  the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord;  a central cohesive source of support and stability
  • backed - adj. having a back or backing, usually of a specified type; used of film that is coated on the side opposite the emulsion with a substance to absorb light;  having backing
  • background - noun (computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear; a person's social heritage: previous experience or training; information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem; the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground;  relatively unimportant or inconspicuous accompanying situation;  extraneous signals that can be confused with the phenomenon to be observed or measured;  scenery hung at back of stage;  the state of the environment in which a situation exists;  verbunderstate the importance or quality of
  • backman.
  • baclofen.
  • bacteraemic.
  • bacteria - noun (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered plants
  • bacteria-derived.
  • bacterial - adj. relating to or caused by bacteria
  • bactericidal - adj. preventing infection by inhibiting the growth or action of microorganisms
  • bacteriophage - noun a virus that is parasitic in bacteria
  • bacteriostatic - adj. of or relating to or causing bacteriostasis
  • bacterium - noun (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered plants
  • bacteroides - noun type genus of Bacteroidaceae; genus of Gram-negative rodlike anaerobic bacteria producing no endospores and no pigment and living in the gut of man and animals
  • bag - noun a flexible container with a single opening;  a portable rectangular container for carrying clothes;  a container used for carrying money and small personal items or accessories (especially by women);  an ugly or ill-tempered woman;  the quantity of game taken in a particular period (usually by one person);  the quantity that a bag will hold;  an activity that you like or at which you are superior; mammary gland of bovids (cows and sheep and goats);  place that runner must touch before scoring;  verb capture or kill, as in hunting; put into a bag;  hang loosely, like an empty bag;  take unlawfully; bulge out; form a bulge outward, or be so full as to appear to bulge
  • baird.
  • bajorek.
  • bakhle.
  • balance - noun a scale for weighing; depends on pull of gravity; equality between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account;  the difference between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account;  equality of distribution;  a state of equilibrium;  a wheel that regulates the rate of movement in a machine; especially a wheel oscillating against the hairspring of a timepiece to regulate its beat;  a weight that balances another weight;  (mathematics) an attribute of a shape or relation; exact reflection of form on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane;  harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design);  the seventh sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about September 23 to October 22;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Libra;  something left after other parts have been taken away;  verbcompute credits and debits of an account;  bring into balance or equilibrium;  be in equilibrium;  hold or carry in equilibrium
  • balanced - adj. total debits and credits are equal;  being in a state of proper balance or equilibrium
  • balding - adj. getting bald
  • baldness - noun the condition of having no hair on the top of the head
  • ball - noun a pitch that is not in the strike zone;  the game of baseball;  round object that is hit or thrown or kicked in games;  a spherical object used as a plaything;  a more or less rounded anatomical body or mass;  a lavish dance requiring formal attire;  a compact mass;  the people assembled at a lavish formal dance; United States comedienne best known as the star of a popular television program (1911-1989);  an object with a spherical shape;  a solid projectile that is shot by a musket;  one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens;  verb form into a ball by winding or rolling
  • ballantyne.
  • balloon - noun large tough nonrigid bag filled with gas or heated air; small thin inflatable rubber bag with narrow neck;  verb become inflated;  ride in a hot-air balloon
  • balsalazide.
  • baltimore - noun the largest city in Maryland; a major seaport and industrial center
  • bananas.
  • banding - noun an adornment consisting of a strip of a contrasting color or material;  a stripe or stripes of contrasting color
  • banish - verb drive away;  expel, as if by official decree;  expel from a community or group;  ban from a place of residence, as for punishment
  • banned - adj. forbidden by law
  • banting - noun Canadian physiologist who discovered insulin with C. H. Best and who used it to treat diabetes(1891-1941);  wild ox of the Malay Archipelago
  • bar - noun a rigid piece of metal or wood; usually used as a fastening or obstruction or weapon;  an obstruction (usually metal) placed at the top of a goal;  a counter where you can obtain food or drink;  (law) a railing that encloses the part of the courtroom where the judges and lawyers sit and the case is tried;  a heating element in an electric fire;  a horizontal rod that serves as a support for gymnasts as they perform exercises;  a submerged (or partly submerged) ridge in a river or along a shore;  (meteorology) a unit of pressure equal to a million dynes per square centimeter;  the act of preventing;  a room or establishment where alcoholic drinks are served over a counter;  a portable .30 caliber automatic rifle operated by gas pressure and fed by cartridges from a magazine; used by United States troops in World War I and in World War II and in the Korean War;  a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax); musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats;  the body of individuals qualified to practice law in a particular jurisdiction;  verbprevent from entering; keep out;  secure with, or as if with, bars; render unsuitable for passage;  expel, as if by official decree
  • bara.
  • barbiturate - noun organic compound having powerful soporific effect; overdose can be fatal
  • barbiturates.
  • barclay.
  • barium - noun a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali earth group; found in barite
  • barker - noun someone who stands in front of a show (as at a carnival) and gives a loud colorful sales talk to potential customers; informal terms for dogs
  • barnes.
  • baroreceptors.
  • baroreflex.
  • barr.
  • barrett.
  • barrier - noun a structure or object that impedes free movement; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective;  anything serving to maintain separation by obstructing vision or access
  • barriers.
  • bartelink.
  • bartter.
  • basal - adj. of primary importance;  serving as or forming a base; especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root-like stem
  • basalis.
  • base - adj. debased; not genuine;  illegitimate;  having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality;  of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense);  not adhering to ethical or moral principles; (used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal;  serving as or forming a base;  noun a support or foundation;  place that runner must touch before scoring;  (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector;  installation from which a military force initiates operations;  a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit;  the principal ingredient of a mixture;  the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end;  (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment;  the bottom or lowest part;  (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place;  the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed;  any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water;  lowest support of a structure;  the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area;  the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained;  (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed;  a lower limit;  a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries;  the most important or necessary part of something;  verb use as a basis for; found on;  assign to a station;  use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes
  • based - adj. having a base of operations (often used as a combining form);  having a base;  having a basis; often used as combining terms;  being derived from (often followed by `on' or `upon')
  • basel - noun a city in northwestern Switzerland
  • baseline - noun the lines a baseball player must follow while running the bases;  an imaginary line or standard by which things are measured or compared;  the back line bounding each end of a tennis or handball court; when serving the server must not step over this line
  • bases.
  • basic - adj. of or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base; serving as a base or starting point;  pertaining to or constituting a base or basis;  reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality;  noun (usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant;  a popular programming language that is relatively easy to learn; an acronym for beginner's all-purpose symbolic instruction code; no longer in general use
  • basiliximab.
  • basis - noun the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained;  the most important or necessary part of something;  a relation that provides the foundation for something
  • basle - noun a city in northwestern Switzerland
  • basophil - noun a leukocyte with basophilic granules easily stained by basic stains
  • basophils.
  • batch - noun a collection of things or persons to be handled together;  all the loaves of bread baked at the same time;  (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent;  verb batch together; assemble or process as a batch
  • batches.
  • bateson.
  • bath - noun you soak and wash your body in a bathtub;  a vessel containing liquid in which something is immersed (as to process it or to maintain it at a constant temperature or to lubricate it);  a town in southwestern England on the River Avon; famous for its hot springs and Roman remains;  an ancient Hebrew liquid measure equal to about 10 gallons;  a room (as in a residence) containing a bathtub or shower and usually a washbasin and toilet;  a relatively large open container that you fill with water and use to wash the body;  verbclean one's body by immersion into water
  • batty - adj. informal or slang terms for mentally irregular
  • bcdsp.
  • bcg.
  • bch.
  • bd - noun a bachelor's degree in religion
  • bdp.
  • be - noun a light strong brittle grey toxic bivalent metallic element; verb spend or use time;  work in a specific place, with a specific subject, or in a specific function;  have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun);  have life, be alive;  be identical to; be someone or something;  occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere;  to remain unmolested, undisturbed, or uninterrupted -- used only in infinitive form;  happen, occur, take place;  have an existence, be extant;  form or compose;  be identical or equivalent to;  represent, as of a character on stage;  be priced at
  • beadle - noun a minor parish official who serves as an usher and preserves order at services;  United States biologist who discovered how hereditary characteristics are transmitted by genes (1903-1989)
  • beaker - noun a cup (usually without a handle);  a flatbottomed jar made of glass or plastic; used for chemistry
  • bean - noun any of various edible seeds of plants of the family Leguminosae used for food;  any of various leguminous plants grown for their edible seeds and pods;  any of various seeds or fruits that are beans or resemble beans;  informal terms for a human head; verb hit on the head, especially with a pitched baseball
  • beans.
  • bears.
  • beating - adj. expanding and contracting rhythmically as to the beating of the heart;  noun the act of inflicting corporal punishment with repeated blows;  the act of overcoming or outdoing
  • beats - noun a United States youth subculture of the 1950s; rejected possessions or regular work or traditional dress; for communal living and psychedelic drugs and anarchism; favored modern forms of jazz (e.g., bebop)
  • beautiful - adj. aesthetically pleasing;  delighting the senses or exciting intellectual or emotional admiration;  (of weather) highly enjoyable
  • became.
  • because.
  • beclometasone.
  • beclomethasone.
  • become - verb enter or assume a certain state or condition;  come into existence;  undergo a change or development;  enhance the appearance of
  • becomes.
  • becoming - adj. displaying or setting off to best advantage; according with custom or propriety
  • bed - noun a piece of furniture that provides a place to sleep;  a plot of ground in which plants are growing;  a foundation of earth or rock supporting a road or railroad track;  the flat surface of a printing press on which the type form is laid in the last stage of producing a newspaper or magazine or book etc.;  a depression forming the ground under a body of water;  (geology) a stratum of rock (especially sedimentary rock);  single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance;  a stratum of ore or coal thick enough to be mined with profit;  verb put to bed;  place (plants) in a prepared bed of soil;  furnish with a bed;  prepare for sleep;  have sexual intercourse with
  • bedevilled.
  • beds.
  • bedside - noun space by the side of a bed (especially the bed of a sick or dying person)
  • been.
  • beer - noun a general name for alcoholic beverages made by fermenting a cereal (or mixture of cereals) flavored with hops
  • before - adv. earlier in time; previously;  at or in the front
  • beforehand - adj. being ahead of time or need;  adv. ahead of time; in anticipation
  • begin - noun Israeli statesman (born in Russia) who (as prime minister of Israel) negotiated a peace treaty with Anwar Sadat (then the president of Egypt) (1913-1992);  verb set in motion, cause to start;  begin to speak or say;  begin to speak, understand, read, and write a language;  achieve or accomplish in the least degree, usually used in the negative;  begin an event that is implied and limited by the nature or inherent function of the direct object;  have a beginning, in a temporal, spatial, or evaluative sense;  have a beginning characterized in some specified way;  have a beginning, of a temporal event;  be the first item or point, constitute the beginning or start, come first in a series;  take the first step or steps in carrying out an action
  • beginning - adj. serving to begin;  noun the act of starting something;  the first part or section of something;  the event consisting of the start of something;  the place where something begins, where it springs into being;  the time at which something is supposed to begin
  • begins.
  • beh.
  • behalf - noun as the agent of or on someone's part (usually expressed as "on behalf of" rather than "in behalf of");  for someone's benefit (usually expressed as `in behalf' rather than `on behalf' and usually with a possessive)
  • behaves.
  • behaviour - noun manner of acting or controlling yourself; (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation;  (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people;  the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances
  • behavioural - adj. of or relating to behavior
  • behind - adj. having the lower score or lagging position in a contest; adv. in or to or toward the rear;  remaining in a place or condition that has been left or departed from;  in debt;  in or into an inferior position; of timepieces;  noun the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
  • being - noun the state or fact of existing;  a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
  • belated - adj. after the expected or usual time; delayed
  • belching - noun the forceful expulsion of something from inside;  a reflex that expels wind noisily from the stomach through the mouth
  • belief - noun any cognitive content held as true;  a vague idea in which some confidence is placed
  • beliefs.
  • believe - verb accept as true; take to be true;  credit with veracity; follow a credo; have a faith; be a believer;  be confident about something;  judge or regard; look upon; judge
  • believed.
  • belong - verb be owned by; be in the possession of;  be classified with;  be suitable or acceptable;  be in the right place or situation; originate (in)
  • below - adv. at a later place;  in or to a place that is lower;  (in writing) see below;  on a floor below;  further down
  • bench - noun a long seat for more than one person;  (law) the seat for judges in a courtroom;  the reserve players on a team;  the magistrate or judge or judges sitting in court in judicial capacity to compose the court collectively;  a strong worktable for a carpenter or mechanic;  persons who administer justice;  a level shelf of land interrupting a declivity (with steep slopes above and below);  verbexhibit on a bench;  take out of a game; of players
  • bender - noun a tool for bending;  a pitch of a baseball that is thrown with spin so that its path curves as it approach the batter;  revelry in drinking; a merry drinking party
  • bending - adj. not remaining rigid or straight;  noun the act of bending something;  movement that causes the formation of a curve; the property of being bent or deflected
  • bendroflumethiazide.
  • benecol.
  • beneficial - adj. promoting or enhancing well-being;  tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health
  • benefit - noun something that aids or promotes well-being;  a performance to raise money for a charitable cause;  financial assistance in time of need;  verb be beneficial for;  derive a benefit from
  • benefited.
  • benefits.
  • benign - adj. pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence; kindness of disposition or manner;  not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
  • benorylate.
  • benoxaprofen.
  • benserazide.
  • benz.
  • benzalkonium.
  • benzatropine.
  • benzhexol.
  • benzocaine - noun a white crystalline ester used as a local anesthetic
  • benzodiazepine - noun any of several similar lipophilic amines used as tranquilizers or sedatives or hypnotics or muscle relaxants; chronic use can lead to dependency
  • benzodiazepine-binding.
  • benzodiazepines.
  • benzoquinone - noun any of a class of aromatic yellow compounds including several that are biologically important as coenzymes or acceptors or vitamins; used in making dyes
  • benzothiazepine.
  • benzothiazepines.
  • benztropine.
  • benzylpenicillin - noun the penicillin that constitutes the principal component of many commercial antibiotics
  • bepredil.
  • bereavement - noun state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one
  • berg - noun Austrian composer in Schoenberg's twelve-tone music system (1885-1935);  a large mass of ice floating at sea; usually broken off of a polar glacier
  • beriberi - noun avitaminosis caused by lack of thiamine (vitamin B1)
  • berlin - noun a limousine with a glass partition between the front and back seats;  capital of Germany located in eastern Germany; United States songwriter (born in Russia) who wrote more than 1500 songs and several musical comedies (1888-1989)
  • berner.
  • beside.
  • best - adj. (superlative of `good') having the most positive qualities; (comparative and superlative of `well') wiser or more advantageous and hence advisable;  adv. it would be sensible;  in a most excellent way or manner;  from a position of superiority or authority;  noun the supreme effort one can make;  the person who is most outstanding or excellent; someone who tops all others;  Canadian physiologist (born in the United States) who assisted F. G. Banting in research leading to the discovery of insulin (1899-1978);  verb get the better of
  • best-known - adj. most familiar or renowned
  • beta - adj. preliminary or testing stage of a software or hardware product;  second in order of importance;  noun the 2nd letter of the Greek alphabet;  beets
  • beta-adrenergic.
  • beta-adrenoceptor - noun receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasodilation and increased heart beat)
  • beta blocker - noun any of various drugs used in treating hypertension or arrhythmia; decreases force and rate of heart contractions by blocking beta-adrenergic receptors of the autonomic nervous system
  • beta-blockers.
  • beta-blocking.
  • beta-estradiol.
  • beta-hydroxycortisol.
  • beta-lactam.
  • beta-lactamase - noun enzyme produced by certain bacteria that inactivates penicillin and results in resistance to that antibiotic
  • beta-lactams.
  • betablockade.
  • betablockers.
  • betablocking.
  • betahistine.
  • betamethasone.
  • bethanechol.
  • better - adj. (comparative and superlative of `well') wiser or more advantageous and hence advisable;  (comparative of `good') superior to another (of the same class or set or kind) in excellence or quality or desirability or suitability; more highly skilled than another; (comparative of `good') changed for the better in health or fitness; more than half;  adv. comparative of `well'; in a better or more excellent manner or more advantageously or attractively or to a greater degree etc.;  from a position of superiority or authority;  nounthe superior one of two alternatives;  a superior person having claim to precedence;  someone who bets;  verb get better;  to make better; surpass in excellence
  • between - adv. in between;  in the interval
  • bev.
  • bevacizumab.
  • beverages.
  • beverley.
  • beware - verb be on one's guard; be cautious or wary about; be alert to
  • bewildered - adj. perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment
  • bewildering - adj. causing bafflement
  • beyond - adv. in addition;  farther along in space or time or degree; on the farther side from the observer
  • bezafibrate.
  • bf.
  • bg.
  • bh - noun a transuranic element
  • bhatnagar.
  • bhs.
  • bhsoc.
  • bi-exponentially.
  • biapigenin.
  • bias - adj. slanting diagonally across the grain of a fabric;  noun a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation;  a line or cut across a fabric that is not at right angles to a side of the fabric;  verb cause to be biased;  influence in an unfair way
  • biased - adj. favoring one person or side over another
  • bicalutamide.
  • bicarbonate - noun a salt of carbonic acid (containing the anion HCO3) in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced; an acid carbonate
  • bicarbonate-containing.
  • bicyclic - adj. having molecules consisting of two fused rings
  • biennis.
  • biers.
  • bifida.
  • biflavonoids.
  • big - adj. in an advanced stage of pregnancy;  conspicuous in position or importance;  given or giving freely;  generous and understanding and tolerant;  marked by intense physical force; significant;  loud and firm;  feeling self-importance;  prodigious;  above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent;  (of animals) fully developed;  very intense;  exhibiting self-importance; adv. in a major way;  on a grand scale;  extremely well;  in a boastful manner
  • bigal.
  • biggest.
  • biguanide.
  • biguanides.
  • bilateral - adj. having two sides or parts;  affecting or undertaken by two parties;  having identical parts on each side of an axis
  • bilberry - noun blue-black berries similar to American blueberries; erect blueberry of western United States having solitary flowers and somewhat sour berries;  erect European blueberry having solitary flowers and blue-black berries
  • bile - noun a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
  • bile salt - noun a salt of bile acid and a base; functions as an emulsifier of lipids and fatty acids
  • bilezekian.
  • biliary - adj. relating to the bile ducts or the gallbladder;  relating to or containing bile
  • bilirubin - noun an orange-yellow pigment in the bile that forms as a product of hemoglobin; excess amounts in the blood produce the yellow appearance observed in jaundice
  • biloba.
  • bimodal - adj. of a distribution; having or occurring with two modes
  • bind - noun something that hinders as if with bonds;  verb form a chemical bond with;  make fast; tie or secure, with or as if with a rope;  wrap around with something so as to cover or enclose;  provide with a binding;  create social or emotional ties;  cause to be constipated;  bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted;  fasten or secure with a rope, string, or cord;  secure with or as if with ropes; stick to firmly
  • binding - adj. causing constipation;  hindering freedom of movement;  executed with proper legal authority;  noun the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book;  strip sewn over or along an edge for reinforcement or decoration;  the capacity to attract and hold something;  the act of applying a bandage
  • binds.
  • bioavailabilities.
  • bioavailability.
  • bioavailable.
  • bioavailablity.
  • biochemical - adj. of or relating to biochemistry; involving chemical processes in living organisms
  • biochemically - adv. with respect to biochemistry
  • biochemistry - noun the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occuring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
  • bioequivalence.
  • bioequivalent.
  • biogenic - adj. essential for maintaining the fundamental life processes;  produced by living organisms or biological processes
  • biologic - adj. pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • biological - adj. of parents and children; related by blood;  pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • biologically - adv. with respect to biology
  • biology - noun the science that studies living organisms; characteristic life processes and phenomena of living organisms;  all the plant and animal life of a particular region
  • biomedicine - noun the branch of medical science that studies the ability of organisms to withstand environmental stress (as in space travel);  the branch of medical science that applies biological and physiological principles to clinical practice
  • biopharmaceuticals.
  • biopharmaceutics.
  • biopsied.
  • biopsy - noun examination of tissues or liquids from the living body to determine the existence or cause of a disease
  • biostatisticians.
  • biosynthesis - noun production of a chemical compound by a living organism
  • biosynthetic - adj. of or relating to biosynthesis
  • biotechnology - noun the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments;  the branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms to perform specific industrial processes
  • biotin - noun a B vitamin that aids in body growth
  • biphasic.
  • bipolar - adj. having two poles;  of, pertaining to, or occurring in both polar regions;  of or relating to manic depressive illness
  • birkett.
  • birkhauser.
  • birnbaumer.
  • birth - noun the event of being born;  the time when something begins (especially life);  the process of giving birth;  the kinship relation of an offspring to the parents;  verb cause_to_be_born
  • births.
  • bisacodyl.
  • bismuth - noun a heavy brittle diamagnetic trivalent metallic element (resembles arsenic and antimony chemically); usually recovered as a by-product from ores of other metals
  • bisoprolol.
  • bisphosphonates.
  • bitter - adj. proceeding from or exhibiting great hostility or animosity; expressive of severe grief or regret;  one of the four basic taste sensations; sharp and disagreeable; like the taste of quinine;  very difficult to accept or bear;  marked by strong resentment or cynicism; causing a sharply painful or stinging sensation; used especially of cold;  harsh or corrosive in tone;  adv. extremely and sharply;  nounthe taste experience when quinine or coffee is taken into the mouth; English term for a dry sharp-tasting ale with strong flavor of hops (usually on draft);  the property of having a harsh unpleasant taste; verb make bitter
  • bj.
  • black - adj. marked by anger or resentment or hostility;  of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin;  extremely dark;  being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light;  (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood;  soiled with dirt or soot;  dressed in black;  (of coffee) without cream or sugar;  (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin; stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable; (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame;  offering little or no hope;  (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading;  harshly ironic or sinister;  distributed or sold illicitly;  noun black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning);  (board games) the darker pieces;  the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white);  a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa);  popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928);  British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799);  total absence of light;  verb make or become black
  • black-outs.
  • blackening - noun changing to a darker color
  • blackwell.
  • bladder - noun a bag that fills with air;  a distensible membranous sac (usually containing liquid or gas)
  • blakemore.
  • blanch - verb cook (vegetables) briefly;  turn pale, as if in fear
  • blanching.
  • bland - adj. lacking stimulating characteristics; uninteresting;  lacking taste or flavor or tang;  smoothly agreeable and courteous with a degree of sophistication
  • blank - adj. void of expression;  (of a surface) not written or printed on;  not charged with a bullet;  noun a cartridge containing an explosive charge but no bullet;  a piece of material ready to be made into something;  a substitute for a taboo word;  a blank gap or missing part;  a blank character used to separate successive words in writing or printing;  verb keep the opposing (baseball) team from winning
  • blanket - adj. broad in scope or content;  noun bedding that keeps a person warm in bed;  a layer of lead surrounding the highly reactive core of a nuclear reactor;  anything that covers;  verb cover as if with a blanket;  form a blanket-like cover (over)
  • blastomyces - noun genus of pathogenic yeastlike fungi
  • blastomycosis - noun any of several infections of the skin or mucous membrane caused by Blastomyces
  • bleaching.
  • bleak - adj. unpleasantly cold and damp;  offering little or no hope; providing no shelter or sustenance
  • bleed - verb draw blood;  drain of liquid or steam;  get or extort (money or other possessions) from someone;  lose blood from one's body;  be diffused
  • bleeding - noun flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
  • bleeds.
  • bleomycin.
  • blepharospasm - noun spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
  • blind - adj. unable or unwilling to perceive or understand;  not based on reason or evidence;  unable to see;  noun something that keeps things out or hinders sight;  a hiding place sometimes used by hunters (especially duck hunters);  people who have severe visual impairments, considered as a group;  something intended to misrepresent the true nature of an activity;  verb make dim by comparison or conceal;  make blind by putting the eyes out;  render unable to see
  • blinded - adj. deprived of sight
  • blinding - adj. shining intensely
  • blindness - noun the state of being blind or lacking sight
  • bloating.
  • block - noun a solid piece of something (usually having flat rectangular sides);  housing in a large building that is divided into separate units;  an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do; often caused by emotional tension;  a number or quantity of related things dealt with as a unit;  a rectangular area in a city surrounded by streets and usually containing several buildings; (computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted;  a three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides;  the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements;  a platform from which an auctioneer sells; an obstruction in a pipe or tube;  a metal casting containing the cylinders and cooling ducts of an engine;  a simple machine consisting of a wheel with a groove in which a rope can run to change the direction or point of application of a force applied to the rope;  verb shape into a block or blocks;  shape by using a block; support, secure, or raise with a block;  stamp or emboss a title or design on a book with a block;  interrupt the normal function of by means of anesthesia;  run on a block system;  prohibit the conversion or use of (assets);  be unable to remember;  interfere with or prevent the reception of signals;  impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball);  block passage through;  render unsuitable for passage; obstruct;  shut out from view or get in the way so as to hide from sight;  hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of;  stop from happening or developing
  • blockade - noun a war measure that isolates some area of importance to the enemy;  prevents access or progress;  verb impose a blockade on;  obstruct access to;  render unsuitable for passage; hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of
  • blocked - adj. completely obstructed or closed off;  closed to traffic
  • blocker - noun a class of drugs that inhibit (block) some biological process;  a football player whose responsibility is to block players attempting to stop an offensive play
  • blockers.
  • blockersa.
  • blocking - noun the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements
  • blocks.
  • blood - noun temperament or disposition;  the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart;  people viewed as members of a group;  the descendants of one individual;  a dissolute man in fashionable society;  verb smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
  • blood-borne.
  • blood pressure - noun the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels; results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart; sometimes measured for a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • bloodstream - noun the blood flowing through the circulatory system
  • bloody - adj. having or covered with or accompanied by blood; (used of persons) informal intensifiers;  adv. extremely;  verb cover with blood
  • blot - noun an act that brings discredit to the person who does it;  a blemish made by dirt;  verb dry (ink) with blotting paper;  make a spot or mark onto
  • blue - adj. causing dejection;  of the color intermediate between green and violet; having a color similar to that of a clear unclouded sky;  low in spirits;  morally rigorous and strict;  used to signify the Union forces in the American Civil War (who wore blue uniforms); suggestive of sexual impropriety;  characterized by profanity or cursing;  belonging to or characteristic of the nobility or aristocracy; noun any of numerous small butterflies of the family Lycaenidae; blue clothing;  blue color or pigment; resembling the color of the clear sky in the daytime;  any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are blue;  the sodium salt of amobarbital that is used as a barbiturate; used as a sedative and a hypnotic;  the sky as viewed during daylight;  used to whiten laundry or hair or give it a bluish tinge;  verb turn blue
  • blue-grey - adj. of grey tinged with blue
  • blurred - adj. unclear in form or expression;  indistinct or hazy in outline
  • blurring.
  • bm - noun a euphemism for defecation;  solid excretory product evacuated from the bowels
  • bmi.
  • bmj.
  • bnf.
  • bnfc.
  • bodhankar.
  • bodies.
  • body - noun the external structure of a vehicle;  the entire structure of an organism (especially an animal or human being);  a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person;  the central message of a communication;  a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity;  a collection of particulars considered as a system;  an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; the property of holding together and retaining its shape;  the body excluding the head and neck and limbs;  verb invest with or as with a body; give body to
  • boers.
  • boiling - adv. extremely;  noun cooking in a liquid that has been brought to a boil;  the application of heat to change something from a liquid to a gas
  • bois.
  • bolli.
  • bolus - noun a large pill; used especially in veterinary medicine;  a small round soft mass (as of chewed food)
  • bolus-dose.
  • boluses.
  • bombesin.
  • bond - adj. held in slavery;  noun British secret operative 007 in novels by Ian Fleming;  United States civil rights leader who was elected to the legislature in Georgia but was barred from taking his seat because he opposed the Vietnam War (born 1940);  a certificate of debt (usually interest-bearing or discounted) that is issued by a government or corporation in order to raise money; the issuer is required to pay a fixed sum annually until maturity and then a fixed sum to repay the principal;  a superior quality of strong durable white writing paper; originally made for printing documents;  a connection that fastens things together;  a restraint that confines or restricts freedom (especially something used to tie down or restrain a prisoner);  the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition;  an electrical force linking atoms;  (criminal law) money that must be forfeited by the bondsman if an accused person fails to appear in court for trial;  a connection based on kinship or marriage or common interest;  verbbring together in a common cause or emotion;  issue bonds on;  stick to firmly;  create social or emotional ties
  • bonds.
  • bone - adj. consisting of or made up of bone;  noun a shade of white the color of bleached bones;  rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates;  the porous calcified substance from which bones are made;  verb remove the bones from;  study intensively, as before an exam
  • bone marrow - noun the fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones;  very tender and very nutritious tissue from marrowbones
  • bone-seeking.
  • bones - noun a percussion instrument consisting of a pair of hollow pieces of wood or bone (usually held between the thumb and fingers) that are made to click together (as by Spanish dancers) in rhythm with the dance
  • bony - adj. having bones especially many or prominent bones;  very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold;  composed of or containing bone
  • boobis.
  • book - noun physical objects consisting of a number of pages bound together;  a number of sheets (ticket or stamps etc.) bound together on one edge;  a major division of a long written composition;  a written work or composition that has been published (printed on pages bound together);  a collection of rules or prescribed standards on the basis of which decisions are made;  a collection of playing cards satisfying the rules of a card game;  the sacred writings of the Christian religions;  the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina;  a compilation of the known facts regarding something or someone;  a written version of a play or other dramatic composition; used in preparing for a performance;  a record in which commercial accounts are recorded;  verb engage for a performance;  record a charge in a police register;  register in a hotel booker;  arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance
  • books.
  • border - noun a strip forming the outer edge of something;  a decorative recessed or relieved surface on an edge;  a line that indicates a boundary;  the boundary of a surface;  the boundary line or the area immediately inside the boundary;  verb lie adjacent to another or share a boundary;  provide with a border or edge;  extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle;  enclose in or as if in a frame;  form the boundary of; be contiguous to
  • born - adj. brought into existence;  being talented through inherited qualities;  noun British nuclear physicist (born in Germany) honored for his contributions to quantum mechanics (1882-1970)
  • borne.
  • boston - noun state capital and largest city of Massachusetts; a major center for banking and financial services
  • botanical - adj. of or relating to plants or botany;  noun a drug made from part of a plant (as the bark or root or leaves)
  • both - adj. (used with count nouns) two considered together; the two
  • botting.
  • bottle - noun a glass or plastic vessel used for storing drinks or other liquids; typically cylindrical without handles and with a narrow neck that can be plugged or capped;  a vessel fitted with a flexible teat and filled with milk or formula; used as a substitute for breast feeding infants and very young children;  the quantity contained in a bottle;  verb put into bottles;  store (liquids or gases) in bottles
  • bottom - adj. the lowest rank;  situated at the bottom or lowest position;  noun a cargo ship;  the lower side of anything;  the lowest part of anything;  the second half of an inning; while the home team is at bat;  the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on;  a depression forming the ground under a body of water;  low-lying alluvial land near a river;  verb strike the ground, as with a ship's bottom;  provide with a bottom or a seat;  come to understand
  • botulinum - noun anaerobic bacterium producing botulin the toxin that causes botulism
  • bound - adj. confined by bonds;  secured with a cover or binding; often used as a combining form;  (usually followed by `to') governed by fate;  confined in the bowels;  held with another element, substance or material in chemical or physical union;  headed or intending to head in a certain direction; often used as a combining form as in `college-bound students';  bound by an oath;  bound by contract;  covered or wrapped with a bandage;  noun a light, self-propelled movement upwards or forwards;  the greatest possible degree of something;  the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something;  a line determining the limits of an area;  verb form the boundary of; be contiguous to;  place limits on (extent or access); spring back; spring away from an impact;  move forward by leaps and bounds
  • bowel - noun the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • bowels - noun the center of the Earth
  • box - noun a blow with the hand (usually on the ear);  a (usually rectangular) container; may have a lid;  separate partitioned area in a public place for a few people;  private area in a theater or grandstand where a small group can watch the performance;  the driver's seat on a coach;  any one of several designated areas on a ball field where the batter or catcher or coaches are positioned;  evergreen shrubs or small trees;  the quantity contained in a box;  a rectangular drawing;  a predicament from which a skillful or graceful escape is impossible; verb engage in a boxing match;  hit with the fist;  put into a box
  • boy - noun (ethnic slur) offensive and disparaging term for Black man;  a friendly informal reference to a grown man;  a youthful male person;  a male human offspring
  • boyfriend - noun a man who is the lover of a girl or young woman
  • bp.
  • bpc.
  • br - noun a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that arose out of a student protest movement in the late 1960s; wants to separate Italy from NATO and advocates violence in the service of class warfare and revolution; mostly inactive since 1989;  a nonmetallic largely pentavalent heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogens; found in sea water
  • brachial - adj. of or relating to an arm
  • brady-dysrhythmias.
  • bradycardia - noun abnormally slow heartbeat
  • bradydysrhythmia.
  • bradydysrhythmias.
  • bradykinesia.
  • bradykinin.
  • brain - noun that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord;  mental ability;  the brain of certain animals used as meat;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality;  verb kill by smashing someone's skull;  hit on the head
  • brains.
  • brainstem - noun the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
  • bran - noun food prepared from the husks of cereal grains;  broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
  • branch - noun an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization;  a stream or river connected to a larger one;  a division of a stem, or secondary stem arising from the main stem of a plant;  a part of a forked or branching shape;  any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm;  a natural consequence of development;  verb divide into two or more branches so as to form a fork;  grow and send out branches or branch-like structures
  • branching - adj. resembling the branches of a tree;  having branches;  noun the act of branching out or dividing into branches
  • brand - noun a recognizable kind;  identification mark on skin, made by burning;  a piece of wood that has been burned or is burning;  a cutting or thrusting weapon that has a long metal blade and a hilt with a hand guard;  a symbol of disgrace or infamy;  a name given to a product or service;  verb burn with a branding iron to indicate ownership; of animals;  mark or expose as infamous;  to accuse or condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful
  • brandname.
  • brandy - noun distilled from wine or fermented fruit juice
  • branhamella.
  • brater.
  • breads.
  • breakage - noun the act of breaking something;  reimbursement for goods damaged while in transit or in use;  the quantity broken
  • breakdown - noun an analysis into mutually exclusive categories;  a cessation of normal operation;  a mental or physical breakdown;  the act of disrupting an established order so it fails to continue
  • breakfast - noun the first meal of the day (usually in the morning); verb eat an early morning meal;  provide breakfast for
  • breaking - adj. (of waves) curling over and crashing into surf or spray;  noun the act of breaking something
  • breaks.
  • breakthrough - noun making an important discovery;  a penetration of a barrier such as an enemy's defense;  a productive insight
  • breast - noun the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen;  either of two soft fleshy milk-secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman;  meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit;  meet at breast level;  confront bodily
  • breast-feed.
  • breast feeding - noun nourishing at the breast
  • breastfeeding.
  • breasts.
  • breath - noun the process of taking in and expelling air during breathing;  a slight movement of the air;  the air that is inhaled and exhaled in respiration;  a short respite;  an indirect suggestion
  • breath-activated.
  • breathing - adj. passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally; sometimes used in combination;  noun the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation
  • breathless - adj. appearing dead; not breathing or having no perceptible pulse;  not breathing or able to breathe except with difficulty;  tending to cause suspension of regular breathing
  • breathlessness - noun a dyspneic condition
  • breaths.
  • brief - adj. concise and succinct;  of short duration or distance;  (of clothing) very short;  noun a condensed written summary or abstract; a document stating the facts and points of law of a client's case; verb give essential information to someone
  • briefly - adv. for a short time;  in a concise manner; in a few words
  • bright - adj. full or promise;  having lots of light either natural or artificial;  emitting or reflecting light readily or in large amounts; having striking color;  abounding with sunlight;  splendid; characterized by happiness or gladness;  characterized by quickness and ease in learning;  made smooth and bright by or as if by rubbing; reflecting a sheen or glow;  clear and sharp and ringing;  not made dim or less bright;  adv. with brightness
  • brighter.
  • bring - verb bring into a different state;  induce or persuade;  go or come after and bring or take back;  be accompanied by;  cause to come into a particular state or condition;  cause to happen or to occur as a consequence;  attract the attention of;  take something or somebody with oneself somewhere;  advance or set forth in court;  be sold for a certain price;  bestow a quality on
  • brings.
  • brisk - adj. very active;  quick and energetic;  imparting vitality and energy;  verb become brisk
  • britain - noun a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland
  • britian.
  • british - adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Great Britain or its people or culture;  noun the people of Great Britain
  • broad - adj. showing or characterized by broad-mindedness;  lacking subtlety; obvious;  not detailed or specific;  being at a peak or culminating point;  (of speech) heavily and noticeably regional;  very large in expanse or scope;  broad in scope or content;  having great (or a certain) extent from one side to the other;  noun slang term for a woman
  • broad-brimmed - adj. (of hats) having a broad brim
  • broad-spectrum.
  • broadened.
  • broadest.
  • broadly - adv. without regard to specific details or exceptions;  in a wide fashion
  • broe.
  • broken - adj. physically and forcibly separated into pieces or cracked or split;  (especially of promises or contracts) having been violated or disregarded;  not continuous in space, time, or sequence or varying abruptly;  lacking a part or parts;  discontinuous;  out of working order (`busted' is an informal substitute for `broken'); destroyed financially;  weakened and infirm;  thrown into a state of disarray or confusion;  imperfectly spoken or written;  subdued or brought low in condition or status;  topographically very uneven; tamed or trained to obey
  • bromhexine.
  • bromide - noun any of the salts of hydrobromic acid; formerly used as a sedative but now generally replaced by safer drugs;  a trite or obvious remark
  • bromocriptine.
  • bronchi.
  • bronchial - adj. relating to or associated with the bronchi
  • bronchioles.
  • bronchitic - adj. suffering from or prone to bronchitis
  • bronchitis - noun inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
  • bronchoconstriction.
  • bronchoconstrictor.
  • bronchodilatation.
  • bronchodilate.
  • bronchodilation.
  • bronchodilator - noun a drug that relaxes and dilates the bronchial passageways and improves the passages of air into the lungs
  • bronchodilators.
  • bronchopulmonary.
  • bronchoscopy.
  • bronchospasm - noun a spasm of the bronchi that makes exhalation difficult and noisy; associated with asthma and bronchitis
  • bronchus - noun either of the two main branches of the trachea
  • brought.
  • brown - adj. (of skin) deeply suntanned;  of a color similar to that of wood or earth;  noun an orange of low brightness and saturation; abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858);  Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773-1858);  a university in Rhode Island;  verb fry in a pan until it changes color
  • brozena.
  • bruin - noun a conventional name for a bear used in tales following usage in the old epic `Reynard the Fox';  large ferocious bear of Eurasia
  • bruining.
  • bruinvels.
  • bruises.
  • bruising - adj. brutally forceful and compelling;  causing mental or emotional injury
  • bruit - verb tell or spread rumors
  • brush - noun contact with something dangerous or undesirable;  the act of brushing your hair;  the act of brushing your teeth;  a minor short-term fight;  an implement that has hairs or bristles firmly set into a handle;  conducts current between rotating and stationary parts of a generator or motor;  momentary contact;  a dense growth of bushes;  verb remove with or as if with a brush;  touch lightly and briefly;  rub with a brush, or as if with a brush;  clean with a brush; cover by brushing;  sweep across or over
  • bruyere.
  • bsc.
  • bt.
  • bts.
  • bubble - noun a dome-shaped covering made of transparent glass or plastic;  an impracticable and illusory idea;  a hollow globule of gas (e.g., air or carbon dioxide);  a speculative scheme that depends on unstable factors that the planner cannot control;  verb form, produce, or emit bubbles;  expel gas from the stomach;  flow in an irregular current with a bubbling noise
  • buccal - adj. toward the inside of the cheek;  lying within the mouth; of or relating to or toward the cheek
  • budd.
  • budesonide.
  • buffered.
  • buffers.
  • build - noun constitution of the human body;  alternative names for the body of a human being;  verb develop and grow;  improve the cleansing action of;  found or ground;  build or establish something abstract;  be engaged in building;  give form to, according to a plan; order, supervise, or finance the construction of;  form or accumulate steadily;  bolster or strengthen;  make by combining materials and parts
  • builders.
  • building - noun a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place;  the occupants of a building; the act of constructing something;  the commercial activity involved in repairing old structures or constructing new ones
  • built - adj. (used of soaps or cleaning agents) having a substance (an abrasive or filler) added to increase effectiveness;  well or attractively formed with respect to physique;  formed by fitting or joining components together
  • bulbar - adj. involving the medulla oblongata
  • bulimia - noun pathologically insatiable hunger (especially when caused by brain lesions);  a disorder of eating seen among young women who go on eating binges and then feel guilt and depression and self-condemnation
  • bulk - noun the property possessed by a large mass;  the property of something that is great in magnitude;  the property resulting from being or relating to the greater in number of two parts; the main part; verb stick out or up;  cause to bulge or swell outwards
  • bulk-forming.
  • bulked.
  • bulking.
  • bulletin - noun a brief report (especially an official statement issued for immediate publication or broadcast);  verb make public by bulletin
  • bumping.
  • bundle - noun a package of several things tied together for carrying or storing;  a collection of things wrapped or boxed together;  a large sum of money (especially as pay or profit);  verb sleep fully clothed in the same bed with one's betrothed;  make into a bundle;  compress into a wad;  gather or cause to gather into a cluster
  • bundle-branch.
  • bupivacaine.
  • buprenorphine.
  • bupropion.
  • bureaucracy - noun any organization in which action is obstructed by insistence on unnecessary procedures and red tape;  a government that is administered primarily by bureaus that are staffed with nonelective officials;  nonelective government officials
  • burman.
  • burning - adj. consuming fuel; used in combination;  intensely hot;  of immediate import;  producing or having a painfully hot sensation; lighted up by or as by fire or flame;  characterized by intense emotion;  noun the act of burning something;  a form of torture in which cigarettes or cigars or other hot implements are used to burn the victim's skin;  execution by fire;  execution by electricity;  a process in which a substance reacts with oxygen to give heat and light;  pain that feels hot as if it were on fire
  • burns - noun celebrated Scottish poet (1759-1796);  United States comedian and film actor (1896-1996)
  • bursae.
  • buserelin.
  • bush - adj. not of the highest quality or sophistication;  noun a large wilderness area;  vice president under Reagan and 41st President of the United States (born in 1924);  United States electrical engineer who designed an early analogue computer and who led the scientific program of the United States during World War II (1890-1974);  43rd President of the United States; son of George Herbert Walker Bush (born in 1946);  hair growing in the pubic area;  dense vegetation consisting of stunted trees or bushes;  a low woody perennial plant usually having several major branches;  verb provide with a bushing
  • buspirone - noun a drug (trade name BuSpar) designed specifically for anxiety
  • busy - adj. crowded with or characterized by much activity;  actively or fully engaged or occupied;  (of facilities such as telephones or lavatories) unavailable for use by anyone else or indicating unavailability; (`engaged' is a British term for a busy telephone line); overcrowded or cluttered with detail;  intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner;  verb keep busy with
  • but - adv. and nothing more
  • butoconazole.
  • buttock - noun either of the two large fleshy masses of muscular tissue that form the human rump
  • butyrophenone.
  • butyrophenones.
  • buy - noun an advantageous purchase;  verb accept as true;  obtain by purchase; acquire by means of a financial transaction;  acquire by trade or sacrifice or exchange;  be worth or be capable of buying; make illegal payments to in exchange for favors or influence
  • buys.
  • buzz - noun a confusion of activity and gossip;  sound of rapid vibration;  verb call with a buzzer;  fly low;  make a buzzing sound;  be noisy with activity
  • by - adv. so as to pass a given point;  in reserve; not for immediate use
  • bypass - noun a road that takes traffic around the edge of a town;  a surgically created shunt (usually around a damaged part);  a conductor having low resistance in parallel with another device to divert a fraction of the current;  verb avoid something unpleasant or laborious
  • bypassed.
  • bypasses.
  • bypassing.
  • byrne.

Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

C

  • c - noun the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet;  (music) the keynote of the scale of C major;  a general-purpose programing language closely associated with the UNIX operating system;  street names for cocaine;  a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second;  a degree on the centigrade scale of temperature;  an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds; a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  the speed at which light travels in a vacuum; the constancy and universality of the speed of light is recognized by defining it to be exactly 299,792,458 meters per second
  • c-cells.
  • c-erythromycin.
  • c-fibre.
  • c-fibres.
  • c-peptide.
  • c-pib.
  • c-reactive.
  • ca - noun a state in the western United States on the Pacific; the 3rd largest state; known for earthquakes;  a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • cabergoline.
  • cabg - noun open-heart surgery in which the rib cage is opened and a section of a blood vessel is grafted from the aorta to the coronary artery to bypass the blocked section of the coronary artery and improve the blood supply to the heart
  • cadaver-derived.
  • caecum - noun the cavity in which the large intestine begins and into which the ileum opens
  • caesarean - adj. of or relating to or in the manner of Julius Caesar; relating to abdominal delivery;  noun the delivery of a fetus by surgical incision through the abdominal wall and uterus (from the belief that Julius Caesar was born that way)
  • cafergot.
  • caffeic.
  • caffeine - noun a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  • caffeine-containing.
  • calcidol.
  • calciferol - noun a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • calcimimetic.
  • calcitonin - noun thyroid hormone that tends to lower the level of calcium in the blood plasma and inhibit resorption of bone
  • calcitriol.
  • calcium - noun a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • calcium-channel.
  • calcium-containing.
  • calcium-deficient.
  • calcium-sensitive.
  • calciumchannel.
  • calculate - verb make a mathematical calculation or computation; judge to be probable;  specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public;  have faith or confidence in;  predict in advance; keep an account of
  • calculated - adj. carefully thought out in advance
  • calculation - noun the procedure of calculating; determining something by mathematical or logical methods;  planning something carefully and intentionally;  problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
  • calculators.
  • calculi.
  • calculus - noun the branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions;  a hard lump produced by the concretion of mineral salts; found in hollow organs or ducts of the body;  an incrustation that forms on the teeth and gums
  • calechol-o-methyl.
  • calibrated - adj. marked with or divided into degrees
  • call - noun (sports) the decision made by an umpire or referee;  a visit in an official or professional capacity;  a brief social visit;  a special disposition (as if from a divine source) to pursue a particular course;  a telephone connection;  an instruction that interrupts the program being executed;  a request;  a demand especially in the phrase "the call of duty";  a demand for a show of hands in a card game;  the option to buy a given stock (or stock index or commodity future) at a given price before a given date;  the characteristic sound produced by a bird;  a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition;  a demand by a broker that a customer deposit enough to bring his margin up to the minimum requirement;  verb rouse somebody from sleep with a call;  consider or regard as being;  challenge the sincerity or truthfulness of;  utter in a loud voice or announce;  order, summon, or request for a specific duty or activity, work, role;  order or request or give a command for;  lure by imitating the characteristic call of an animal;  get or try to get into communication (with someone) by telephone;  order, request, or command to come;  declare in the capacity of an umpire or referee;  challenge (somebody) to make good on a statement; charge with or censure for an offense;  require the presentation of for redemption before maturation;  ascribe a quality to or give a name of a common noun that reflects a quality; utter a characteristic note or cry;  send a message or attempt to reach someone by radio, phone, etc.; make a signal to in order to transmit a message;  read aloud to check for omissions or absentees;  indicate a decision in regard to;  give the calls (to the dancers) for a square dance;  demand payment of (a loan);  call a meeting; invite or command to meet;  make a stop in a harbour;  stop or postpone because of adverse conditions, such as bad weather; utter a sudden loud cry;  make a prediction about; tell in advance; assign a specified (usually proper) proper name to;  make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands;  pay a brief visit;  greet, as with a prescribed form, title, or name
  • called - adj. known or spoken of as;  given or having a specified name
  • calls.
  • calm - adj. (of weather) free from storm or wind;  not agitated; without losing self-possession;  living without undue worry; taking life easy;  noun steadiness of mind under stress;  verb become quiet or calm, especially after a state of agitation;  make calm or still;  cause to be calm or quiet as by administering a sedative to;  make steady
  • calmette.
  • caloric - adj. of or relating to calories in food;  relating to or associated with heat
  • calorie - noun unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure;  a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree at one atmosphere pressure; used by nutritionists to characterize the energy-producing potential in food
  • calorie-controlled.
  • calories.
  • calver.
  • cambridge - noun a city in eastern England on the River Cam; site of Cambridge University;  a city in Massachusetts just north of Boston; site of Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology;  a university in England
  • cameron.
  • camp - adj. providing sophisticated amusement by virtue of having artificially (and vulgarly) mannered or banal or sentimental qualities; noun temporary living quarters specially built by the army for soldiers;  temporary lodgings in the country for travelers or vacationers;  a prison for forced laborers;  a site where care and activities are provided for children during the summer months; shelter for persons displaced by war or political oppression or for religious beliefs;  something that is considered amusing not because of its originality but because of its unoriginality;  a group of people living together in a camp;  an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose;  verb give an artificially banal or sexual quality to; establish or set up a camp;  live in or as if in a tent
  • campen.
  • campylobacter.
  • can - noun airtight sealed metal container for food or drink or paint etc.;  a buoy with a round bottom and conical top;  the quantity contained in a can;  a room or building equipped with one or more toilets;  a plumbing fixture for defecation and urination;  the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on;  verb preserve in a can or tin; terminate the employment of
  • canadian - adj. of or relating to Canada or its people;  noun a river rising in northeastern New Mexico and flowing eastward across the Texas panhandle to become a tributary of the Arkansas River in Oklahoma;  a native or inhabitant of Canada
  • cancel - noun a notation cancelling a previous sharp or flat;  verbmake invalid for use;  declare null and void; make ineffective; postpone indefinitely or annul something that was scheduled;  make up for;  remove or make invisible
  • cancer - noun type genus of the family Cancridae;  the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22;  a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer;  any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
  • cancers.
  • candesartan.
  • candida - noun any of the yeastlike imperfect fungi of the genus Candida
  • candidates.
  • candidiasis - noun an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)
  • cannabinoid.
  • cannabinoids.
  • cannabis - noun the most commonly used illicit drug; considered a soft drug, it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or chewed for euphoric effect;  any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
  • cannot.
  • cannula - noun a small flexible tube inserted into a body cavity for draining off fluid or introducing medication
  • cannulae.
  • cannulate - verb introduce a cannula or tube into
  • capable - adj. (usually followed by `of') having capacity or ability; (followed by `of') having the temperament or inclination for;  possibly accepting or permitting;  having the requisite qualities for;  have the skills and qualifications to do things well
  • capacitance - noun an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored;  an electrical device characterized by its capacity to store an electric charge
  • capacity - noun a specified function;  the maximum production possible;  tolerance for alcohol;  ability to perform or produce;  the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability to understand the facts and significance of your behavior;  (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive; the amount that can be contained;  an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored;  the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment
  • capillaries.
  • capillary - adj. long and slender with a very small internal diameter; of or relating to hair;  noun a tube of small internal diameter; holds liquid by capillary action;  any of the minute blood vessels connecting arterioles with venules
  • capped - adj. covered as if with a cap or crown especially of a specified kind;  used especially of front teeth having artificial crowns
  • cappuccio.
  • capreomycin.
  • capreomycina.
  • caprie.
  • capsaicin - noun colorless pungent crystalline compound derived from capsicum; source of the hotness of hot peppers of the genus Capsicum such as chili and cayenne and jalapeno
  • capsulatum.
  • capsule - noun a pill in the form of a small rounded gelatinous container with medicine inside;  a small container;  a structure that encloses a body part;  a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore-containing structure of e.g. mosses;  a pilot's seat in an airplane that can be forcibly ejected in the case of an emergency; then the pilot descends by parachute;  a spacecraft designed to transport people and support human life in outer space;  a shortened version of a written work;  verb enclose in a capsule;  put in a short or concise form; reduce in volume
  • capsules.
  • captopril - noun a drug (trade name Capoten) that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidneys resulting in vasodilation; used in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure
  • car - noun a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine;  a wheeled vehicle adapted to the rails of railroad;  where passengers ride up and down;  the compartment that is suspended from an airship and that carries personnel and the cargo and the power plant;  a conveyance for passengers or freight on a cable railway
  • carbajal.
  • carbamazepine.
  • carbapenem.
  • carbapenems.
  • carbenicillin.
  • carbenoxolone.
  • carbidopa.
  • carbimazole.
  • carbohydrate - noun an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
  • carbohydrate-fermenting.
  • carbohydrates.
  • carbon - noun a copy made with carbon paper;  an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds;  a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
  • carbon atom - noun an atom of carbon
  • carbonate - noun a salt or ester of carbonic acid (containing the anion CO3);  verb treat with carbon dioxide;  turn into a carbonate
  • carbonic - adj. relating to or consisting of or yielding carbon
  • carboprost.
  • carboxyglutamic.
  • carboxyl - adj. relating to or containing the carboxyl group or carboxyl radical;  noun the univalent radical -COOH; present in and characteristic of organic acids
  • carboxylation.
  • carboxylic - adj. relating to or containing the carboxyl group or carboxyl radical
  • carcinogenesis.
  • carcinogenic - adj. causing or tending to cause cancer
  • carcinoid - noun a small tumor (benign or malignant) arising from the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract; usually associated with excessive secretion of serotonin
  • carcinoma - noun any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer
  • carcinomas.
  • carcinomatosis.
  • card - noun one of a set of small pieces of stiff paper marked in various ways and used for playing games or for telling fortunes;  a card certifying the identity of the bearer;  (golf) a record of scores (as in golf);  a rectangular piece of stiff paper used to send messages (may have printed greetings or pictures);  thin cardboard, usually rectangular;  a printed circuit that can be inserted into expansion slots in a computer to increase the computer's capabilities; (baseball) a list of batters in the order in which they will bat;  a list of dishes available at a restaurant;  a printed or written greeting that is left to indicate that you have visited;  a sign posted in a public place as an advertisement;  a witty amusing person who makes jokes;  verbask someone for identification to determine whether he or she is old enough to consume liquor;  separate the fibers of
  • cardiac - adj. of or relating to the heart
  • cardiodepressant.
  • cardiogenic.
  • cardiogram - noun a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • cardiograms.
  • cardiologist - noun a specialist in cardiology; a specialist in the structure and function and disorders of the heart
  • cardiology - noun the branch of medicine dealing with the heart and its diseases
  • cardiomegaly - noun an abnormal enlargement of the heart
  • cardiomyocyte.
  • cardiomyopathy - noun a disorder (usually of unknown origin) of the heart muscle (myocardium)
  • cardioprotection.
  • cardiopulmonary - adj. of or pertaining to or affecting both the heart and the lungs and their functions
  • cardiorespiratory - adj. of or pertaining to or affecting both the heart and the lungs and their functions
  • cardioselective.
  • cardiothoracic.
  • cardiotoxic.
  • cardiovascular - adj. of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels
  • cardiovascular_risk_charts_.
  • cardiovascularly.
  • cardioversion.
  • cardioverter.
  • cardioverter-defibrillators.
  • care - noun activity involved in maintaining something in good working order;  the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something;  attention and management implying responsibility for safety;  a cause for feeling concern;  judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger;  an anxious feeling;  verb feel concern or interest;  provide care for;  be concerned with;  prefer or wish to do something;  be in charge of, act on, or dispose of
  • cared.
  • career - noun the general progression of your working or professional life;  the particular occupation for which you are trained; verb move headlong at high speed
  • careers.
  • careful - adj. exercising caution or showing care or attention;  with care and dignity;  mindful of the future in spending money;  cautiously attentive;  full of cares or anxiety
  • carefully - adv. taking care or paying attention;  with caution or prudence or tact
  • carers.
  • carinii.
  • carmichael - noun United States songwriter (1899-1981)
  • carotene - noun yellow or orange-red fat-soluble pigments in plants; an orange isomer of an unsaturated hydrocarbon found in many plants; is converted into vitamin A in the liver
  • carotid - adj. of or relating to either of the two major arteries supplying blood to the head and neck
  • carotids.
  • carried.
  • carrier - noun (genetics) an organism that possesses a recessive gene whose effect is masked by a dominant allele; the associated trait is not apparent but can be passed on to offspring;  a rack attached to a vehicle; for carrying luggage or skis or the like;  a self-propelled wheeled vehicle designed specifically to carry something; a person or firm in the business of transporting people or goods or messages;  (medicine) a person (or animal) who has some pathogen to which he is immune but who can pass it on to others;  a boy who delivers newspapers;  someone whose employment involves carrying something;  an inactive substance that is a vehicle for a radioactive tracer of the same substance and that assists in its recovery after some chemical reaction;  a large warship that carries planes and has a long flat deck for takeoffs and landings;  a man who delivers the mail;  a radio wave that can be modulated in order to transmit a signal
  • carrier-mediated.
  • carriers.
  • carries.
  • carry - noun the act of carrying something;  verb continue or extend; include, as on a list;  sing or play against other voices or parts;  serve as a means for expressing something;  pass on a communication;  be successful in;  win in an election;  secure the passage or adoption (of bills and motions);  cover a certain distance or advance beyond; have a certain range;  be able to feed;  drink alcohol without showing ill effects;  bear or be able to bear the weight, pressure,or responsibility of;  propel or give impetus to;  bear (a crop);  include as the content; broadcast or publicize;  pursue a line of scent or be a bearer;  transfer (a number, cipher, or remainder) to the next column or unit's place before or after, in addition or multiplication;  capture after a fight;  have on the surface or on the skin;  take further or advance;  compensate for a weaker partner or member by one's own performance;  extend to a certain degree;  win approval or support for;  be equipped with (a mast or sail);  be necessarily associated with or result in or involve;  have or possess something abstract;  keep up with financial support;  have with oneself; have on one's person;  be conveyed over a certain distance;  have as an inherent or characteristic feature or have as a consequence;  be pregnant with; propel, "Carry the ball";  move while supporting, either in a vehicle or in one's hands or on one's body;  support or hold in a certain manner;  transmit or serve as the medium for transmission;  transfer (entries) from one account book to another;  have on hand;  behave in a certain manner;  contain or hold; have within
  • carry-over - noun the accumulated and undivided profits of a corporation after provision has been made for dividends and reserves;  application of a skill learned in one situation to a different but similar situation
  • carrying.
  • cartilage - noun tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults
  • carvedilol - noun beta blocker that can reduce the progression of heart failure in individuals whose disease is not advanced
  • cascade - noun a succession of stages or operations or processes or units;  a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls;  a sudden downpour (as of tears or sparks etc) likened to a rain shower;  verbarrange (open windows) on a computer desktop so that they overlap each other, with the title bars visible;  rush down in big quantities, like a cascade
  • cascara - noun dried bark of the cascara buckthorn used as a laxative
  • case - noun a portable container for carrying several objects;  a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or home;  bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow;  the actual state of things;  nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence;  a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument;  a problem requiring investigation;  an occurrence of something;  a person requiring professional services;  the quantity contained in a case;  a specific state of mind that is temporary;  a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy;  the enclosing frame around a door or window opening;  the housing or outer covering of something;  an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part;  a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities);  a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation;  a special set of circumstances;  verb look over, usually with the intention to rob; enclose in, or as if in, a case
  • cases.
  • caspofungin.
  • casr.
  • cassette - noun a container that holds a magnetic tape used for recording or playing sound or video
  • castor - noun type genus of the Castoridae: beavers;  a multiple star with 6 components; second brightest in Gemini; close to Pollux;  a hat made with the fur of a beaver (or similar material);  a pivoting roller attached to the bottom of furniture or trucks or portable machines to make them movable;  a shaker with a perforated top for sprinkling powdered sugar
  • castration - noun surgical removal of the testes or ovaries (usually to inhibit hormone secretion in cases of breast cancer in women or prostate cancer in men);  neutering a male animal by removing the testicles;  the deletion of objectionable parts from a literary work
  • castro - noun Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
  • casual - adj. hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough; marked by blithe unconcern;  not showing effort or strain;  suited for everyday use;  without or seeming to be without plan or method; offhand;  occuring from time to time;  natural and unstudied; characterized by a feeling of irresponsibility;  occurring or appearing or singled out by chance
  • casualties.
  • casualty - noun a decrease of military personnel or equipment; someone injured or killed in an accident;  someone injured or killed or captured or missing in a military engagement;  an accident that causes someone to die
  • catabolism - noun breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
  • catalog - noun a book or pamphlet containing an enumeration of things;  a complete list of things; usually arranged systematically; verb make an itemized list or catalog of; classify;  make a catalogue, compile a catalogue
  • cataloging-in-publication.
  • catalogue - noun a book or pamphlet containing an enumeration of things;  a complete list of things; usually arranged systematically; verb make an itemized list or catalog of; classify;  make a catalogue, compile a catalogue
  • cataloguing.
  • catalyse - verb change by catalysis or cause to catalyze
  • catalysed.
  • catalyses.
  • catalyst - noun something that causes an important event to happen;  (chemistry) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected
  • catalytic - adj. relating to or causing or involving catalysis
  • cataract - noun a large waterfall; violent rush of water over a precipice;  clouding of the natural lens of the eye
  • cataracts.
  • catarrhalis.
  • catastrophic - adj. extremely harmful; bringing physical or financial ruin
  • catching - adj. (of disease) capable of being transmitted by infection;  noun becoming infected;  (baseball) playing the position of catcher on a baseball team;  the act of detecting something; catching sight of something
  • catechin-type.
  • catechol.
  • catechol-o-methyl.
  • catecholamine - noun any of a group of chemicals including epinephrine and norepinephrine that are produced in the medulla of the adrenal gland
  • catecholamine-uptake.
  • catecholamines.
  • catecholo-methyl.
  • categories.
  • categorized - adj. arranged into categories
  • category - noun a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations in a conceptual scheme;  a collection of things sharing a common attribute
  • cathartic - adj. strongly laxative;  emotionally purging (of e.g. art); emotionally purging;  noun a purging medicine; stimulates evacuation of the bowels
  • catheter - noun a thin flexible tube inserted into the body to permit introduction or withdrawal of fluids or to keep the passageway open
  • catheterization - noun the operation of introducing a catheter into the body
  • cation - noun a positively charged ion
  • cationic - adj. of or relating to cations
  • cations.
  • catnapping.
  • catt.
  • caucasian - adj. of or relating to Caucasian people;  of or relating to the geographical region of Caucasia;  noun a number of languages spoken in the Caucasus that have no known affiliations to languages spoken elsewhere;  a member of the Caucasoid race
  • caucasians.
  • causal - adj. involving or constituting a cause; causing
  • causality - noun the relation between causes and effects
  • causally - adv. in a causal fashion
  • causation - noun the act of causing something to happen
  • causative - adj. producing an effect
  • cause - noun a justification for something existing or happening; events that provide the generative force that is the origin of something;  any entity that produces an effect or is responsible for events or results;  a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end;  a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy;  verb give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally;  cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner
  • caused.
  • causes.
  • causing - noun the act of causing something to happen
  • caution - noun the trait of being cautious; being attentive to possible danger;  judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger;  a warning against certain acts;  the trait of being circumspect and prudent;  verb warn strongly; put on guard
  • cautions.
  • cautious - adj. cautious in attitude and careful in actions; prudent; showing careful forethought;  avoiding excess;  noun people who are fearful and cautious
  • cautiously - adv. with caution or prudence or tact;  in a conservative manner
  • cavernosum.
  • cavitating.
  • cavities.
  • cavity - noun (anatomy) a natural hollow or sinus within the body; soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth;  space that is surrounded by something;  a sizeable hole (usually in the ground)
  • cb.
  • ccbs.
  • cck.
  • cd - noun a digitally encoded recording on an optical disk that is smaller than a phonograph record; played back by a laser;  a debt instrument issued by a bank; usually pays interest;  the basic unit of luminous intensity adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; equal to 1/60 of the luminous intensity per square centimeter of a black body radiating at the temperature of 2,046 degrees Kelvin;  a soft bluish-white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic element; occurs in association with zinc ores
  • ce - adv. of the period coinciding with the Christian era; preferred by some writers who are not Christians;  noun a ductile grey metallic element of the lanthanide series; used in lighter flints; the most abundant of the rare-earth group
  • cease - noun (`cease' is a noun only in the phrase `without cease') end;  verb have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical;  put an end to a state or an activity
  • ceases.
  • ceasing.
  • cefaclor.
  • cefadroxil - noun a cephalosporin antibiotic (trade name Ultracef)
  • cefalexin.
  • cefalu.
  • cefotaxime - noun a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Claforan) used for severe infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
  • ceftazidime - noun a parenteral cephalosporin (trade names Fortaz and Tazicef) used to treat moderate infections
  • ceftriaxone - noun a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Rocephin) used for severe infection of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
  • cefuroxime - noun a cephalosporin that can be given parenterally (trade name Zinacef) or orally by tablets (trade name Ceftin); indicated for infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract or meninges
  • celecoxib - noun a Cox-2 inhibitor (trade name Celebrex) that relieves pain without harming the digestive tract
  • celiprolol.
  • cell - noun (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals;  a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction;  a room where a prisoner is kept;  small room is which a monk or nun lives;  any small compartment;  a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement;  a hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver
  • cell-based.
  • cell-to-cell.
  • cells.
  • cellular - adj. characterized by or divided into or containing cells or compartments (the smallest organizational or structural unit of an organism or organization);  relating to cells
  • cellulitis - noun an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
  • cellullitis.
  • cemeteries.
  • cent - noun a fractional monetary unit of several countries;  a coin worth one-hundredth of the value of the basic unit
  • center - adj. equally distant from the extremes;  of or belonging to neither the right nor the left politically or intellectually;  noun a position on a basketball team of the player who participates in the jump that starts the game;  the position of the player on the line of scrimmage who puts the ball in play;  the position on a hockey team of the player who participates in the face off at the beginning of the game;  a building dedicated to a particular activity;  a cluster of nerve cells governing a specific bodily process;  the object upon which interest and attention focuses;  the sweet central portion of a piece of candy that is enclosed in chocolate or some other covering; politically moderate persons; centrists;  the middle of a military or naval formation;  a place where some particular activity is concentrated;  a point equidistant from the ends of a line or the extremities of a figure;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region;  (football) the person who plays center on the line of scrimmage and snaps the ball to the quarterback;  (basketball) the person who plays center on a basketball team;  (ice hockey) the person who plays center on a hockey team;  the piece of ground in the outfield directly ahead of the catcher;  mercantile establishment consisting of a carefully landscaped complex of shops representing leading merchandisers; usually includes restaurants and a convenient parking area; a modern version of the traditional marketplace;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  verb move into the center;  direct one's attention on something;  center upon
  • central - adj. in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area;  centrally located and easy to reach;  used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place;  serving as an essential component;  noun a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • centrally - adv. in or near or toward a center or according to a central role or function
  • centre - noun a low-lying region in central France;  a building dedicated to a particular activity;  a cluster of nerve cells governing a specific bodily process;  the sweet central portion of a piece of candy that is enclosed in chocolate or some other covering;  a place where some particular activity is concentrated;  a point equidistant from the ends of a line or the extremities of a figure;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region;  verb direct one's attention on something;  move into the center
  • centres.
  • centripetal - adj. tending to move toward a center;  of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system;  tending to unify
  • centuries.
  • century - noun a period of 100 years
  • cephalexin - noun an oral cephalosporin (trade names Keflex and Keflin and Keftab) commonly prescribe for mild to moderately severe infections of the skin or ears or throat or lungs or urinary tract
  • cephaloridine - noun a broad spectrum semisynthetic antibiotic produced by modifying cephalosporin
  • cephalosporin - noun one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity
  • cephalosporins.
  • cerebal.
  • cerebellar - adj. relating to or associated with the cerebellum
  • cerebellum - noun a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
  • cerebral - adj. involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • cerebrospinal - adj. of or relating to the brain and spinal cord
  • cerebrovascular - adj. of or relating to the brain and the blood vessels that supply it
  • cerebrum - noun anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans
  • cerivastatin - noun an oral drug (trade name Baycol) to reduce blood cholesterol levels
  • certain - adj. exercising or taking care great enough to bring assurance;  established beyond doubt or question; definitely known; having or feeling no doubt or uncertainty; confident and assured; certain to occur; destined or inevitable;  definite but not specified or identified;  reliable in operation or effect;  established irrevocably
  • certainly - adv. definitely or positively (`sure' is sometimes used informally for `surely')
  • certificates.
  • ceruloplasmin.
  • cervical - adj. relating to or associated with the neck;  of or relating to the cervix of the uterus
  • cervix - noun necklike opening to the uterus;  the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body
  • cessation - noun a stopping
  • cetirizine.
  • cf - adv. compare (used in texts to point the reader to another location in the text);  noun the most common congenital disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene; there is no cure;  a radioactive transuranic element; discovered by bombarding curium with alpha particles
  • cftr.
  • cg.
  • cgi.
  • cgmp.
  • cgrp.
  • chain - noun a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament;  a necklace made by a stringing objects together;  anything that acts as a restraint;  a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership;  a series of things depending on each other as if linked together;  (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule);  British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979);  a unit of length;  a series of hills or mountains;  verb fasten or secure with chains;  connect or arrange into a chain by linking
  • chains - noun metal shackles; for hands or legs
  • chair - noun a seat for one person, with a support for the back;  the position of professor;  an instrument of execution by electrocution; resembles an ordinary seat for one person;  the officer who presides at the meetings of an organization;  verb act or preside as chair, as of an academic department in a university;  preside over
  • chalasani.
  • chalky - adj. of something having the color of chalk;  composed of or containing or resembling calcium carbonate or calcite or chalk
  • challenge - noun a demand by a sentry for a password or identification;  questioning a statement and demanding an explanation;  a formal objection to the selection of a particular person as a juror;  a call to engage in a contest or fight;  a demanding or stimulating situation;  verb raise a formal objection in a court of law; ask for identification;  issue a challenge to;  take exception to
  • challenges.
  • chamber - noun a natural or artificial enclosed space;  a room where a judge transacts business;  an enclosed volume in the body;  a deliberative or legislative or administrative or judicial assembly;  a room used primarily for sleeping;  verb place in a chamber
  • chance - adj. occurring or appearing or singled out by chance;  nouna risk involving danger;  a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible;  an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another;  the possibility of future success;  a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances;  verb be the case by chance;  come upon, as if by accident; meet with;  take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome
  • change - noun the action of changing something;  a different or fresh set of clothes;  a thing that is different;  an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another;  the result of alteration or modification;  money received in return for its equivalent in a larger denomination or a different currency;  the balance of money received when the amount you tender is greater than the amount due;  coins of small denomination regarded collectively;  a relational difference between states; especially between states before and after some event;  a difference that is usually pleasant; verb undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature;  make or become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence;  cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category;  remove or replace the coverings of;  change clothes; put on different clothes;  lay aside, abandon, or leave for another; become deeper in tone;  change from one vehicle or transportation line to another;  give to, and receive from, one another
  • changed - adj. made or become different in some respect;  made or become different in nature or form;  changed in constitution or structure or composition by metamorphism
  • changes.
  • changing - adj. marked by continuous change or effective action
  • channel - noun a passage for water (or other fluids) to flow through; a television station and its programs;  a path over which electrical signals can pass;  (often plural) a means of communication or access;  a deep and relatively narrow body of water (as in a river or a harbor or a strait linking two larger bodies) that allows the best passage for vessels;  a way of selling a company's product either directly or via distributors;  a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance;  a long narrow furrow cut either by a natural process (such as erosion) or by a tool (as e.g. a groove in a phonograph record);  verb direct the flow of;  send from one person or place to another;  transmit or serve as the medium for transmission
  • channel-activating.
  • channel-antagonist.
  • channels - noun official routes of communication
  • chaotic - adj. lacking a visible order or organization;  completely unordered and unpredictable and confusing;  of or relating to a sensitive dependence on initial conditions
  • chapatis.
  • chapman - noun archaic term for an itinerant peddler;  United States pioneer who planted apple trees as he traveled (1774-1845)
  • chapter - noun a subdivision of a written work; usually numbered and titled;  a series of related events forming an episode;  a local branch of some fraternity or association;  an ecclesiastical assembly of the monks in a monastery or even of the canons of a church;  any distinct period in history or in a person's life
  • chapters.
  • characteristic - adj. typical or distinctive;  noun a distinguishing quality;  any measurable property of a device measured under closely specified conditions;  the integer part (positive or negative) of the representation of a logarithm; in the expression log 643 = 2.808 the characteristic is 2;  a prominent aspect of something
  • characteristics.
  • characterize - verb be characteristic of;  describe or portray the character or the qualities or peculiarities of
  • characterized - adj. of the meaning of words or concepts; stated precisely
  • charge - noun a impetuous rush toward someone or something;  a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time;  heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield;  (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense;  request for payment of a debt;  a person committed to your care;  the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons;  the price charged for some article or service; financial liabilities (such as a tax);  a special assignment that is given to a person or group;  attention and management implying responsibility for safety;  an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence;  a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something;  the swift release of a store of affective force; (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object;  verb saturate;  energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge;  cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on;  set or ask for a certain price;  instruct or command with authority;  instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence;  impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to;  blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against;  make an accusatory claim;  file a formal charge against;  to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle;  direct into a position for use;  fill or load to capacity;  place a heraldic bearing on;  lie down on command, of hunting dogs;  pay with a credit card; pay with plastic money; postpone payment by recording a purchase as a debt;  demand payment;  enter a certain amount as a charge;  attribute responsibility to;  provide with munition;  cause to be agitated, excited, or roused;  move quickly and violently;  give over to another for care or safekeeping;  cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution;  assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
  • charged - adj. of a particle or body or system; having a net amount of positive or negative electric charge;  fraught with great emotion; capable of producing violent emotion or arousing controversy; supplied with carbon dioxide
  • charges.
  • charlatanry.
  • charon - noun (Greek mythology) the ferryman who brought the souls of the dead across the river Styx or the river Acheron to Hades
  • charontec.
  • chart - noun a map designed to assist navigation by air or sea;  a visual display of information;  verb plan in detail;  make a chart of; represent by means of a graph
  • charts.
  • chd.
  • cheap - adj. relatively low in price or charging low prices; embarrassingly stingy;  of very poor quality; flimsy;  tastelessly showy
  • cheaply - adv. with little expenditure of money;  in a cheap manner; in a stingy manner
  • check - noun the act of inspecting or verifying;  (chess) a direct attack on an opponent's king;  obstructing an opponent in ice hockey;  a textile pattern of squares or crossed lines (resembling a checkerboard);  a mark left after a small piece has been chopped or broken off of something;  the bill in a restaurant;  a written order directing a bank to pay money;  the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess;  something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress;  an appraisal of the state of affairs; additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct;  a mark indicating that something has been noted or completed etc.;  the state of inactivity following an interruption;  verb make cracks or chinks in;  arrest the motion (of something) abruptly;  slow the growth or development of;  examine so as to determine accuracy, quality, or condition;  put a check mark on or near or next to;  verify by consulting a source or authority;  write out a check on a bank account;  place into check;  hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of;  decline to initiate betting;  mark into squares or draw squares on; draw crossed lines on;  stop for a moment, as if out of uncertainty or caution;  stop in a chase especially when scent is lost;  abandon the intended prey, turn, and pursue an inferior prey, of falcons;  hand over something to somebody as for temporary safekeeping;  consign for shipment on a vehicle;  make an examination or investigation;  block or impede (a player from the opposing team) in ice hockey;  be verified or confirmed; pass inspection;  become fractured; break or crack on the surface only;  be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;  find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort;  lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits;  train by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control;  be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics
  • checked - adj. patterned with alternating squares of color;  held back from some action especially by force
  • checking.
  • checks.
  • cheese - noun a solid food prepared from the pressed curd of milk; erect or decumbent Old World perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in United States;  verb wind onto a cheese;  used in the imperative (get away, or stop it)
  • cheeses.
  • chelate - adj. having or resembling chelae or claws;  relating to or characterized by chelation;  noun a heterocyclic compound having a metal ion attached by coordinate bonds to at least two nonmetal ions;  verb form a chelate, in chemistry
  • chelates.
  • chelating.
  • chelation - noun the process of forming a ring by forming one or more hydrogen bonds;  (medicine) the process of removing a heavy metal from the bloodstream by means of a chelate as in treating lead or mercury poisoning
  • chemical - adj. relating to or used in chemistry;  of or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes;  noun produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
  • chemically - adv. with respect to chemistry;  by the use of chemicals
  • chemicals.
  • chemist - noun a scientist who specializes in chemistry;  a health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs
  • chemistries.
  • chemistry - noun the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions;  the way two individuals relate to each other
  • chemists.
  • chemo-attractant.
  • chemopreventive.
  • chemoprophylaxis.
  • chemoreceptor - noun a sensory receptor that responds to chemical stimuli
  • chemotherapeutic - adj. of or relating to chemotherapy
  • chemotheraphy.
  • chemotherapy - noun the use of chemical agents to treat or control disease (or mental illness)
  • chemotherapy-induced.
  • chest - noun box with a lid; used for storage; usually large and sturdy;  furniture with drawers for keeping clothes;  the part of the human torso between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates
  • chetty.
  • chewable - adj. easy to cut or chew
  • chewed.
  • chewing - noun biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow
  • chf.
  • chiari.
  • chief - adj. most important element;  noun a person who exercises control over workers;  a person who is in charge
  • chiefly - adv. for the most part
  • child - noun a young person of either sex;  a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age;  an immature childish person;  a member of a clan or tribe
  • child-bearing.
  • child-proof - verb make safe against children
  • childbearing - adj. relating to or suitable for childbirth;  noun the parturition process in human beings; having a baby; the process of giving birth to a child
  • childbirth - noun the parturition process in human beings; having a baby; the process of giving birth to a child
  • childhood - noun the state of a child between infancy and adolescence;  the time of person's life when they are a child
  • children.
  • chills.
  • chin - noun the protruding part of the lower jaw;  Kamarupan languages spoken in western Burma and Bangladesh and easternmost India;  verb raise oneself while hanging from one's hands until one's chin is level with the support bar
  • chinese - adj. of or pertaining to China or its peoples or cultures;  of or relating to or characteristic of the island republic on Taiwan or its residents or their language;  noun any of the Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in China; regarded as dialects of a single language (even though they are mutually unintelligible) because they share an ideographic writing system;  a native or inhabitant of Communist China or of Nationalist China
  • chlamydia - noun coccoid rickettsia infesting birds and mammals; cause infections of eyes and lungs and genitourinary tract;  a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia
  • chlamydial - adj. of or pertaining to the sexually transmitted infection or to the parasite
  • chloral.
  • chloramphenicol - noun an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
  • chloramphenicolinduced.
  • chlorates.
  • chlorhexidine - noun a long-lasting liquid antiseptic; used by surgeons to wash their hands before performing surgery
  • chloride - noun any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion);  any compound containing a chlorine atom
  • chlormezanone.
  • chloroform - noun a volatile liquid haloform (CHCl3); formerly used as an anesthetic;  verb anesthetize with chloroform
  • chloroprocaine.
  • chloroquine - noun an antimalarial drug used to treat malaria and amebic dysentery and systemic lupus erythematosus
  • chlorpheniramine.
  • chlorpromazine - noun a drug (trade name Thorazine) derived from phenothiazine that has antipsychotic effects and is used as a sedative and tranquilizer
  • chlorpropamide.
  • chlortalidone.
  • chlorthalidone - noun a diuretic (trade names Hygroton and Thalidone) used to control hypertension and conditions that cause edema; effective in lowering blood pressure to prevent heart attacks
  • chm.
  • chocolate - noun a medium brown to dark-brown color;  a food made from roasted ground cacao beans;  a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • choice - adj. of superior grade;  appealing to refined taste;  noun the act of choosing or selecting;  the person or thing chosen or selected; one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  • choices.
  • cholecalciferol.
  • cholecystectomy - noun surgical removal of the gall bladder (usually for relief of gallstone pain)
  • cholecystokinin.
  • cholelithiasis - noun the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • cholestasis - noun a condition in which little or no bile is secreted or the flow of bile into the digestive tract is obstructed
  • cholestatic.
  • cholesterol - noun an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues
  • cholestyramine.
  • cholinergic - adj. releasing or activated by acetylcholine or a related compound
  • cholinesterase - noun an enzyme that hydrolyses acetylcholine (into choline and acetic acid)
  • cholinesterase-positive.
  • cholinoceptors.
  • cholinomimetic.
  • chondrodysplasia.
  • chondroitin.
  • choose - verb pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives;  select as an alternative; choose instead; prefer as an alternative;  see fit or proper to act in a certain way; decide to act in a certain way
  • chorea - noun any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs; chorea in dogs
  • choreiform.
  • choreo-athetoid.
  • choreoathetosis.
  • chorionic - adj. of or relating to a chorion
  • choroid - noun a highly vascular membrane in the eye between the retina and the sclera
  • chosen - adj. preferred above all others;  noun an exclusive group of people;  the name for Korea as a Japanese province (1910-1945); one who is the object of choice; who is given preference
  • christ - noun any expected deliverer;  a teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth; his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity (circa 4 BC - AD 29)
  • chromatography - noun a process used for separating mixtures by virtue of differences in absorbency
  • chromium - noun a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • chromosome - noun a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
  • chromosomes.
  • chrondroitin.
  • chronic - adj. being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • chronic-care.
  • chronically - adv. in a slowly developing and long lasting manner;  in a habitual and longstanding manner
  • chronotropes.
  • chronotropic.
  • chs.
  • churchill - noun a Canadian town in northern Manitoba on Hudson Bay; important port for shipping grain;  British statesman and leader during World War II; received Nobel prize for literature in 1953 (1874-1965);  English general considered one of the greatest generals in history (1650-1722)
  • chylomicra.
  • chylomicron - noun a microscopic particle of triglycerides produced in the intestines during digestion; in the bloodstream they release their fatty acids into the blood
  • ci - noun a unit of radioactivity equal to the amount of a radioactive isotope that decays at the rate of 37,000,000,000 disintegrations per second
  • cibrik.
  • ciclosporin.
  • cidlowski.
  • cigarette - noun finely ground tobacco wrapped in paper; for smoking
  • cigarettes.
  • cilastatin.
  • cilastin.
  • cilia.
  • ciliary - adj. of or relating to the human eyelash;  of or relating to cilia projecting from the surface of a cell;  relating to the ciliary body and associated structures of the eye
  • cimetidine - noun a drug (trade name Tagamet) used to treat peptic ulcers by decreasing the secretion of stomach acid
  • cimetidine-induced.
  • cinacalcet.
  • cinderella - noun a fictional young girl who is saved from her stepmother and stepsisters by her fairy godmother and a handsome prince;  a woman whose merits were not been recognized but who then achieves sudden success and recognition
  • cinnarizine.
  • ciprofloxacin - noun an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
  • circadian - adj. of or relating to biological processes occurring at 24-hour intervals
  • circle - noun any circular or rotating mechanism;  a curved section or tier of seats in a hall or theater or opera house; usually the first tier above the orchestra;  ellipse in which the two axes are of equal length; a plane curve generated by one point moving at a constant distance from a fixed point;  something approximating the shape of a circle;  movement once around a course;  street names for flunitrazepan;  a road junction at which traffic streams circularly around a central island;  an unofficial association of people or groups;  verb travel around something;  move in circles;  form a circle around;  be around
  • circuit - noun an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow;  (law) a judicial division of a state or the United States (so-called because originally judges traveled and held court in different locations); one of the twelve groups of states in the United States that is covered by a particular circuit court of appeals;  an established itinerary of venues or events that a particular group of people travel to;  movement once around a course;  a journey or route all the way around a particular place or area;  a racetrack for automobile races;  verb make a circuit
  • circulate - verb cause to become widely known;  move around freely;  move through a space, circuit or system, returning to the starting point;  cause to move in a circuit or system;  cause to be distributed;  cause to move around;  become widely known and passed on;  move in circles
  • circulates.
  • circulating - adj. passing from one to another
  • circulation - noun the spread or transmission of something (as news or money) to a wider group or area;  the dissemination of copies of periodicals (as newspapers or magazines);  free movement or passage through a series of vessels (as of water through pipes or sap through a plant);  movement through a circuit; especially the movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels;  number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold;  (library science) the count of books that are loaned by a library over a specified period
  • circulations.
  • circulatory - adj. relating to circulatory system or to circulation of the blood;  of or relating to circulation
  • circumflex - noun a diacritical mark (^) placed above a vowel in some languages to indicate a special phonetic quality
  • circumoral.
  • circumscribed - adj. showing or determining a boundary;  subject to limits or subjected to limits
  • circumstances - noun a person's financial situation (good or bad); the state (usually personal) with regard to wealth;  your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you)
  • circumvented.
  • circumvents.
  • circus - noun performance given by a traveling company of acrobats clowns and trained animals;  a frenetic disorganized (and often comic) disturbance suggestive of a large public entertainment;  a genus of haws comprising the harriers;  an arena consisting of an oval or circular area enclosed by tiers of seats and usually covered by a tent;  (antiquity) an open-air stadium for chariot races and gladiatorial games;  a travelling company of entertainers; including trained animals
  • cirrhosis - noun a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver; the major cause is chronic alcoholism
  • cisapride.
  • cisatracurium.
  • cisplatin.
  • cisternal.
  • citalopram.
  • cities.
  • citrate - noun a salt or ester of citric acid;  verb cause to form a salt or ester of citric acid
  • citric - adj. of or related to citric acid
  • citron - noun large lemonlike fruit with thick aromatic rind; usually preserved;  thorny evergreen small tree or shrub of India widely cultivated for its large lemonlike fruits that have thick warty rind
  • citrus - noun any of numerous fruits of the genus Citrus having thick rind and juicy pulp; grown in warm regions;  any of numerous tropical usually thorny evergreen trees of the genus Citrus having leathery evergreen leaves and widely cultivated for their juicy edible fruits having leathery aromatic rinds
  • cj.
  • cl - noun a metric unit of volume equal to one hundredth of a liter;  a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
  • claimed.
  • clarement.
  • clarified - adj. free from unwanted solid matter
  • clarithromycin.
  • clark - noun Canadian politician who served as prime minister (1939-);  United States psychologist (born in Panama) whose research persuaded the Supreme Court that segregated schools were discriminatory (1914-);  United States general who was Allied commander in Africa and Italy in World War II and was commander of the United Nations forces in Korea (1896-1984);  United States explorer who (with Meriwether Lewis) led an expedition from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River; Clark was responsible for making maps of the area (1770-1838)
  • class - noun elegance in dress or behavior;  people having the same social or economic status;  a collection of things sharing a common attribute;  (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more orders;  a body of students who are taught together;  a body of students who graduate together;  a league ranked by quality; education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings;  verb arrange or order by classes or categories
  • classed.
  • classes.
  • classical - adj. of or characteristic of a form or system felt to be of first significance before modern times;  of recognized authority or excellence;  noun traditional genre of music conforming to an established form and appealing to critical interest and developed musical taste
  • classification - noun restriction imposed by the government on documents or weapons that are available only to certain authorized people;  the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories;  a group of people or things arranged by class or category;  the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type
  • classifications.
  • classified - adj. arranged into classes;  official classification of information or documents; withheld from general circulation;  noun a short ad in a newspaper or magazine (usually in small print) and appearing along with other ads of the same type
  • classify - verb arrange or order by classes or categories;  declare unavailable, as for security reasons;  assign to a class or kind
  • classifying.
  • claudication - noun disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
  • clavulanic.
  • clear - adj. of complexion; without such blemishes as e.g. acne; clear to the mind;  free from cloudiness; allowing light to pass through;  free from confusion or doubt;  free from clouds or mist or haze;  characterized by ease and quickness in perceiving;  clear and distinct to the senses; easily perceptible;  (especially of a title) free from any encumbrance or limitation that presents a question of fact or law;  free from contact or proximity or connection;  easily deciphered;  clear of charges or deductions;  affording free passage or view;  free from flaw or blemish or impurity;  characterized by freedom from troubling thoughts (especially guilt);  accurately stated or described;  freed from any question of guilt;  (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims;  free of restrictions or qualifications;  adv. completely;  in an easily perceptible manner; noun the state of being free of suspicion;  a clear or unobstructed space or expanse of land or water;  verb free (the throat) by making a rasping sound;  remove;  make a way or path by removing objects; remove the occupants of;  remove (people) from a building;  rid of instructions or data;  make clear, bright, light, or translucent;  make free from confusion or ambiguity; make clear;  settle, as of a debt; pass an inspection or receive authorization;  pass by, over, or under without making contact;  go away or disappear;  sell;  be debited and credited to the proper bank accounts;  clear from impurities, blemishes, pollution, etc.;  free from payment of customs duties, as of a shipment;  rid of obstructions;  grant authorization or clearance for;  pronounce not guilty of criminal charges;  earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as salary or wages;  make as a net profit;  yield as a net profit;  go unchallenged; be approved; become clear
  • clear-cut - adj. clearly or sharply defined to the mind;  having had all the trees removed at one time;  clear and distinct to the senses; easily perceptible;  verb remove all the trees at one time
  • clear-headed.
  • clearance - noun permission to proceed;  the distance by which one thing clears another; the space between them;  vertical space available to allow easy passage under something
  • clearances.
  • cleared - adj. rid of objects or obstructions such as e.g. trees and brush;  freed from any question of guilt
  • clearer.
  • clearing - noun the act of removing solid particles from a liquid;  the act of freeing from suspicion;  a tract of land with few or no trees in the middle of a wooded area
  • clearly - adv. without doubt or question;  in an easily perceptible manner;  clear to the mind; with distinct mental discernment;  in an intelligible manner
  • cleavage - noun the act of cleaving or splitting;  the line formed by a groove between two parts (especially the separation between a woman's breasts);  (embryology) the repeated division of a fertilised ovum;  the breaking of a chemical bond in a molecule resulting in smaller molecules;  the state of being split or cleft
  • cleave - verb separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument;  make by cutting into;  come or be in close contact with; stick or hold together and resist separation
  • cleaved.
  • cleaves.
  • cleft - adj. having one or more incisions reaching nearly to the midrib;  used of hooves;  noun a split or indentation in something (as the palate or chin);  a long narrow opening
  • clegg - noun large swift fly the female of which sucks blood of various animals
  • clerk - noun an employee who performs clerical work (e.g., keeps records or accounts);  a salesperson in a store;  verb work as a clerk, as in the legal business
  • climbing - noun an event that involves rising to a higher point (as in altitude or temperature or intensity etc.)
  • clinic - noun a healthcare facility for outpatient care;  meeting for diagnosis of problems and instruction or remedial work in a particular activity;  a medical establishment run by a group of medical specialists
  • clinical - adj. scientifically detached; unemotional;  relating to a clinic or conducted in or as if in a clinic and depending on direct observation of patients
  • clinically - adv. in a clinical manner
  • clinicalpharmacology.
  • clinician - noun a practitioner (of medicine or psychology) who does clinical work instead of laboratory experiments
  • clinicians.
  • clinics.
  • clo.
  • clobazam.
  • clobazepam.
  • clobetasone.
  • clock - noun a timepiece that shows the time of day;  verb measure the time or duration of an event or action or the person who performs an action in a certain period of time
  • clodronate.
  • clofazimine.
  • clofibrate - noun a drug (trade name Atromid-S) that reduces lipids in the blood serum; used to treat some cardiovascular diseases
  • clomethiazole.
  • clomifene.
  • clomipramine - noun a tricyclic antidepressant drug
  • clomiprimine.
  • clonazepam.
  • cloned.
  • clones.
  • clonic - adj. of or relating to abnormal neuromuscular activity characterized by rapidly alternating muscle contraction and relaxation
  • clonidine - noun an antihypertensive (trade name Catapres) that can be administered orally or via transdermal patches
  • cloning - noun a general term for the research activity that creates a copy of some biological entity (a gene or organism or cell)
  • clopidogrel.
  • cloral.
  • close - adj. marked by fidelity to an original;  rigorously attentive; strict and thorough;  at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other;  close in relevance or relationship; inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information; crowded;  (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched;  used of hair or haircuts;  fitting closely but comfortably;  confined to specific persons;  strictly confined or guarded;  of textiles;  not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances;  giving or spending with reluctance;  lacking fresh air;  adv. in an attentive manner;  near in time or place or relationship;  noun the concluding part of any performance;  the last section of a communication;  the temporal end; the concluding time;  verb finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead;  complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement;  move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut;  become closed;  fill or stop up;  bar access to;  bring together all the elements or parts of;  draw near;  come together, as if in an embrace;  change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact;  cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop;  engage at close quarters;  finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.);  be priced or listed when trading stops;  unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of;  cease to operate or cause to cease operating;  come to a close
  • closed - adj. not open or affording passage or access;  used especially of mouth or eyes;  blocked against entry;  (set theory) of an interval that contains both its endpoints;  not having an open mind; not open to the general public;  with shutters closed;  requiring union membership;  not open
  • closedangle.
  • closely - adv. in a close relation or position in time or space;  in a close manner;  in an attentive manner
  • closing - adj. final or ending;  noun approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap;  a concluding action;  termination of operations;  the act of closing something;  the last section of a communication
  • clostridia - noun spindle-shaped bacterial cell especially one swollen at the center by an endospore
  • clostridium - noun spindle-shaped bacterial cell especially one swollen at the center by an endospore
  • closure - noun termination of operations;  a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive incomplete objects as complete and to close or fill gaps and to perceive asymmetric stimuli as symmetric;  a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body;  approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap;  the act of blocking;  an obstruction in a pipe or tube;  something settled or resolved; the outcome of decision making;  verb terminate debate by calling for a vote
  • clot - noun a lump of material formed from the content of a liquid; verb change from a liquid to a thickened or solid state;  cause to change from a liquid to a solid or thickened state;  coalesce or unite in a mass;  turn into curds
  • clot-associated.
  • clothing - noun a covering designed to be worn on a person's body
  • clotrimazole.
  • clots.
  • clotting - noun the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • clouded - adj. mentally disordered;  made troubled or apprehensive or distressed in appearance;  unclear in form or expression;  filled or abounding with clouds
  • clouding - noun the process whereby water particles become visible in the sky
  • clozapine - noun an antipsychotic drug (trade name Clozaril) used as a sedative and for treatment-resistant schizophrenia; know to have few side effects
  • cls.
  • clue - noun evidence that helps to solve a problem;  a slight indication;  verb roll into a ball
  • cluster - noun a grouping of a number of similar things;  verb come together as in a cluster or flock;  gather or cause to gather into a cluster
  • clusters.
  • cm - noun a metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a meter; a radioactive transuranic metallic element; produced by bombarding plutonium with helium nuclei
  • cma.
  • cmax.
  • cmin.
  • cmv - noun any of a group of herpes viruses that enlarge epithelial cells and can cause birth defects; can affect humans with impaired immunological systems
  • cn.
  • cns - noun the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
  • co - noun a state in west central United States in the Rocky Mountains;  one who refuses to serve in the armed forces on grounds of conscience;  a hard ferromagnetic silver-white bivalent or trivalent metallic element; a trace element in plant and animal nutrition;  an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon
  • co-administer.
  • co-administered.
  • co-administration.
  • co-amilozide.
  • co-amoxiclav.
  • co-beneldopa.
  • co-careldopa.
  • co-codamol.
  • co-danthramer.
  • co-existent.
  • co-existing.
  • co-morbid.
  • co-morbidity.
  • co-ordinate - noun a number that identifies a position relative to an axis
  • co-ordinated - adj. being dexterous in the use of more than one set of muscle movements;  operating as a unit;  intentionally matched
  • co-ordination.
  • co-prescribed.
  • co-proxamol.
  • co-transporter.
  • co-trimoxazole.
  • coa.
  • coagulability.
  • coagulation - noun the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • coagulation-cascade-derived.
  • coarctation - noun (biology) a narrowing or constriction of a vessel or canal; especially a congenital narrowing of the aorta;  tight or narrow compression
  • coarse - adj. conspicuously and tastelessly indecent;  lacking refinement or cultivation or taste;  of textures that are rough to the touch or substances consisting of relatively large particles;  of low or inferior quality or value
  • coarsening.
  • coarsens.
  • coast - noun the area within view;  a slope down which sleds may coast;  the act of moving smoothly along a surface while remaining in contact with it;  the shore of a sea or ocean;  verb move effortlessly; by force of gravity
  • coat - noun growth of hair or wool or fur covering the body of an animal;  an outer garment that has sleeves and covers the body from shoulder down; worn outdoors;  a thin layer covering something;  verbcover or provide with a coat;  form a coat over;  put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface
  • coated - adj. having or dressed in a coat;  having a coating; covered with an outer layer or film; often used in combination
  • coating - noun a thin layer covering something;  a heavy fabric suitable for coats;  a decorative texture or appearance of a surface (or the substance that gives it that appearance);  the work of applying something
  • coats.
  • cobalt - noun a hard ferromagnetic silver-white bivalent or trivalent metallic element; a trace element in plant and animal nutrition
  • cobbe.
  • coc.
  • cocaine - noun a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
  • coccidioides.
  • coccidioidomycosis - noun an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
  • coccidiomycosis - noun an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
  • cochlear - adj. of or relating to the cochlea of the ear
  • cochrane.
  • cockcroft - noun British physicist who (with Ernest Walton in 1931) first split an atom (1897-1967)
  • cocktail - noun an appetizer served as a first course at a meal;  a short mixed drink
  • cocktails.
  • cocodamol.
  • coconut - noun large hard-shelled oval nut with a fibrous husk containing thick white meat surrounding a central cavity filled (when fresh) with fluid or milk;  the edible white meat a coconut; often shredded for use in e.g. cakes and curries;  tall palm tree bearing coconuts as fruits; widely planted throughout the tropics
  • cocs.
  • code - noun a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring brevity or secrecy;  (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions;  a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written ones);  verb attach a code to;  convert ordinary language into code
  • coded.
  • codeine - noun derivative of opium; used as an antitussive (to relieve coughing) and an analgesic (to relive pain)
  • codes.
  • coding - noun act of writing in code or cipher
  • codominant.
  • codon - noun a specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DNA or RNA that provides genetic code information for a particular amino acid
  • coefficient - noun a constant number that serves as a measure of some property or characteristic
  • coefficients.
  • coeliac - adj. of or in or belonging to the cavity of the abdomen
  • coenzyme - noun a small molecule (not a protein but sometimes a vitamin) essential for the activity of some enzymes
  • coexist - verb exist together;  coexist peacefully, as of nations
  • coexisting - adj. existing at the same time
  • coexists.
  • cofactor - noun a substance (as a coenzyme) that must join with another to produce a given result
  • cofactors.
  • coffee - noun a beverage consisting of an infusion of ground coffee beans;  any of several small trees and shrubs native to the tropical Old World yielding coffee beans;  a medium brown to dark-brown color;  a seed of the coffee tree; ground to make coffee
  • cognition - noun the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
  • cognitive - adj. of or being or relating to or involving cognition
  • cohn - noun German botanist who is generally recognized as founding bacteriology when he recognized bacteria as plants
  • cohort - noun a band of warriors (originally a unit of a Roman Legion);  a company of companions or supporters;  a group people having approximately the same age
  • cohosh - noun a plant of the genus Actaea having acrid poisonous berries
  • coincident - adj. matching point for point;  occurring or operating at the same time
  • coincidental - adj. occurring or operating at the same time
  • coincidentally - adv. happening at the same time
  • colchicine.
  • cold - adj. lacking the warmth of life;  of a seeker; far from the object sought;  unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication;  feeling or showing no enthusiasm;  having lost freshness through passage of time;  used of physical coldness; having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration;  extended meanings; especially of psychological coldness; without human warmth or emotion;  without compunction or human feeling;  sexually unresponsive;  so intense as to be almost uncontrollable;  no longer new; uninteresting;  marked by errorless familiarity;  (color) giving no sensation of warmth;  noun the sensation produced by low temperatures;  a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs);  the absence of heat
  • cold water - noun disparagement of a plan or hope or expectation
  • colds.
  • coles.
  • colestipol.
  • colestyramine.
  • colfosceril.
  • coli.
  • colic - noun acute abdominal pain (especially in infants)
  • coliforms.
  • colitic.
  • colitis - noun inflammation of the colon
  • collaborate - verb work together on a common enterprise of project; cooperate as a traitor
  • collaborative - adj. accomplished by collaboration
  • collagen - noun a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue; yields gelatin on boiling
  • collapse - noun a mishap caused by something suddenly falling down or caving in;  an abrupt failure of function or health;  the act of throwing yourself down;  a sudden large decline of business or the prices of stocks (especially one that causes additional failures);  verblose significance, effectiveness, or value;  break down, literally or metaphorically;  cause to burst;  fold or close up;  collapse due to fatigue, an illness, or a sudden attack;  suffer a nervous breakdown; fall apart
  • collapsed.
  • collapsing.
  • collate - verb compare critically; of texts;  to assemble in proper sequence
  • collated.
  • collateral - adj. descended from a common ancestor but through different lines;  situated or running side by side;  accompany, concomitant;  serving to support or corroborate;  noun a security pledged for the repayment of a loan
  • colleague - noun a person who is member of your class or profession;  an associate you work with
  • colleagues.
  • collected - adj. in full control of your faculties;  brought together in one place;  brought together into a group or crowd
  • collecting - noun the act of gathering something together
  • collection - noun the act of gathering something together;  a publication containing a variety of works;  several things grouped together or considered as a whole;  request for a sum of money
  • collectively - adv. in conjunction with; combined
  • college - noun a complex of buildings in which an institution of higher education is housed;  British slang for prison;  the body of faculty and students of a college;  an institution of higher education created to educate and grant degrees; often a part of a university
  • coller.
  • collier - noun someone who works in a coal mine
  • collins - noun tall iced drink of liquor (usually gin) with fruit juice; English writer noted for early detective novels (1824-1889)
  • collision - noun a conflict of opposed ideas or attitudes or goals;  an accident resulting from violent impact of a moving object;  (physics) an brief event in which two or more bodies come together
  • colloid - noun a mixture with properties between those of a solution and fine suspension
  • colloidal - adj. of or relating to or having the properties of a colloid
  • colon - noun the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum; it extracts moisture from food residues before they are excreted;  a punctuation mark (:) used after a word introducing a series or an example or an explanation (or after the salutation of a business letter);  a port city at the Caribbean entrance to the Panama Canal;  the basic unit of money in Costa Rica; equal to 100 centimos; the basic unit of money in El Salvador; equal to 100 centavos
  • colonic - adj. of or relating to the colon;  noun a water enema given to flush out the colon
  • colonization - noun the act of colonizing; the establishment of colonies
  • colonize - verb settle as colonists or establish a colony (in);  settle as a colony; of countries in the developing world
  • colonoscopy - noun visual examination of the colon (with a colonoscope) from the cecum to the rectum; requires sedation
  • colony-stimulating.
  • colorectal - adj. relating to or affecting the colon and the rectum
  • colostomy - noun a surgical operation that creates an opening from the colon to the surface of the body to function as an anus
  • colour - adj. having or capable of producing colors;  noun the appearance of objects (or light sources) described in terms of a person's perception of their hue and lightness (or brightness) and saturation;  an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately misleading;  a visual attribute of things that results from the light they emit or transmit or reflect;  the timbre of a musical sound;  interest and variety and intensity;  (physics) the characteristic of quarks that determines their role in the strong interaction; each flavor of quarks comes in three colors;  a race with skin pigmentation different from the white race (especially Blacks);  any material used for its color;  verb change color, often in an undesired manner;  add color to;  affect as in thought or feeling;  gloss or excuse;  decorate with colors;  modify or bias
  • coloured - adj. having skin rich in melanin pigments;  having color or a certain color; sometimes used in combination;  (used of color) artificially produced; not natural;  favoring one person or side over another
  • colourings.
  • colourless - adj. weak in color; not colorful;  lacking in variety and interest
  • colours - noun a flag that shows its nationality;  a distinguishing emblem
  • column - noun (architeture) a tall cylindrical vertical upright and used to support a structure;  a vertical cylindrical structure standing alone and not supporting anything (such as a monument);  a vertical glass tube used in column chromatography; a mixture is poured in the top and washed through a stationary substance where components of the mixture are adsorbed selectively to form colored bands;  an article giving opinions or perspectives;  a line of (usually military) units following one after another;  a linear array of numbers one above another;  anything tall and relatively thin that approximates the shape of a column or tower
  • com.
  • coma - noun a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness; usually the result of disease or injury;  (astronomy) the luminous cloud of particles surrounding the frozen nucleus of a comet; forms as the comet approaches the sun and is warmed;  a usually terminal tuft of hairs especially on a seed
  • comatose - adj. in a state of deep and usually prolonged unconsciousness; unable to respond to external stimuli;  relating to or associated with a coma
  • combat - noun an engagement fought between two military forces; the act of fighting; any contest or struggle;  verb battle or contend against in or as if in a battle
  • combination - noun the act of combining things to form a new whole;  the act of arranging elements into specified groups without regard to order;  a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities;  an alliance of people or corporations or countries for a special purpose (formerly to achieve some antisocial end but now for general political or economic purposes);  a group of people (often temporary) having a common purpose;  a sequence of numbers or letters that opens a combination lock;  a coordinated sequence of chess moves
  • combinations.
  • combinatorial - adj. relating to the combination and arrangement of elements in sets;  relating to or involving combinations
  • combine - noun harvester that heads and threshes and cleans grain while moving across the field;  an occurrence that results in things being united;  a consortium of independent organizations formed to limit competition by controlling the production and distribution of a product or service;  verb add together from different sources;  join for a common purpose or in a common action;  put or add together;  mix together different elements;  gather in a mass, sum, or whole; combine so as to form a whole; mix;  have or possess in combination
  • combined - adj. made or joined or united into one;  involving the joint activity of two or more
  • combines.
  • combining - noun an occurrence that results in things being united; the act of combining things to form a new whole
  • come - noun the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract;  verb come to pass; arrive, as in due course;  be found or available;  happen as a result;  reach or enter a state, relation, condition, use, or position;  have a certain priority;  cover a certain distance;  move toward, travel toward something or somebody or approach something or somebody;  be received;  experience orgasm;  to be the product or result;  develop into;  extend or reach;  exist or occur in a certain point in a series; come to one's mind; suggest itself;  reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress;  proceed or get along;  add up in number or quantity;  come under, be classified or included;  come from; be connected by a relationship of blood, for example;  be a native of; come forth
  • comes.
  • comfort - noun a feeling of freedom from worry or disappointment;  a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain;  the act of consoling; giving relief in affliction;  a freedom from financial difficulty that promotes a comfortable state;  verb lessen pain or discomfort; alleviate;  give moral or emotional strength to
  • comfortable - adj. providing or experiencing physical well-being or relief (`comfy' is informal);  free from stress or conducive to mental ease; having or affording peace of mind;  in fortunate circumstances financially; moderately rich;  sufficient to provide comfort;  more than adequate
  • coming - adj. yet to come;  of the relatively near future;  noun arrival that has been awaited (especially of something momentous);  the moment of most intense pleasure in sexual intercourse;  the act of drawing spatially closer to something;  the temporal property of becoming nearer in time
  • commence - verb take the first step or steps in carrying out an action;  set in motion, cause to start;  get off the ground
  • commenced.
  • commencement - noun an academic exercise in which diplomas are conferred;  the act of starting something;  the time at which something is supposed to begin
  • commencing.
  • comment - noun a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material;  a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief;  a report (often malicious) about the behavior of other people;  verb explain or interpret something;  make or write a comment on;  provide interlinear explanations for words or phrases
  • comments.
  • commercial - adj. connected with or engaged in or sponsored by or used in commerce or commercial enterprises;  of the kind or quality used in commerce; average or inferior;  of or relating to commercialism;  noun a commercially sponsored ad on radio or television
  • commercially - adv. in a commercial manner
  • commerford.
  • commission - noun the act of granting authority to undertake certain functions;  an official document issued by a government and conferring on the recipient the rank of an officer in the armed forces; a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something;  a fee for services rendered based on a percentage of an amount received or collected or agreed to be paid (as distinguished from a salary);  the state of being in good working order and ready for operation;  a special assignment that is given to a person or group; the act of committing a crime;  a special group delegated to consider some matter;  a group of representatives or delegates;  verb charge with a task;  put into commission; equip for service; of ships;  place an order for
  • commissioning - noun the act of granting authority to undertake certain functions
  • committee - noun a special group delegated to consider some matter;  a self-constituted organization to promote something
  • committees.
  • common - adj. having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual;  belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public;  commonly encountered;  being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language;  of or associated with the great masses of people;  to be expected; standard;  common to or shared by two or more parties; lacking refinement or cultivation or taste;  of low or inferior quality or value;  noun a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
  • common sense - noun sound practical judgment
  • commonest.
  • commonly - adv. under normal conditions
  • communicated.
  • communication - noun something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups;  the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information;  a connection allowing access between persons or places
  • communications - noun the discipline that studies the principles of transmiting information and the methods by which it is delivered (as print or radio or television etc.)
  • communities.
  • community - noun (ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other;  a group of people living in a particular local area;  a group of people having ethnic or cultural or religious characteristics in common;  a group of nations having common interests;  common ownership;  agreement as to goals;  the body of people in a learned occupation;  a district where people live; occupied primarily by private residences
  • community-acquired.
  • companies.
  • companion - noun one paid to accompany or assist or live with another;  a person who is frequently in the company of another;  a traveler who accompanies you;  verb be a companion to somebody
  • companions.
  • company - noun an institution created to conduct business;  a unit of firefighters including their equipment;  a social gathering of guests or companions;  organization of performers and associated personnel (especially theatrical);  small military unit; usually two or three platoons;  the state of being with someone;  crew of a ship including the officers; the whole force or personnel of a ship;  a band of people associated temporarily in some activity;  a social or business visitor; verb be a companion to somebody
  • comparable - adj. able to be compared or worthy of comparison; conforming in every respect
  • comparative - adj. having significance only in relation to something else;  relating to or based on or involving comparison;  noun the comparative form of an adjective
  • comparatively - adv. in a relative manner; by comparison to something else
  • comparator.
  • compare - noun qualities that are comparable;  verb examine and note the similarities or differences of;  consider or describe as similar, equal, or analogous;  to form the comparative or superlative form on an adjective or adverb;  be comparable
  • compared.
  • compares.
  • comparing - noun examining resemblances or differences
  • comparison - noun examining resemblances or differences; qualities that are comparable;  relation based on similarities and differences
  • comparisons.
  • compartment - noun a partitioned section or separate room within a larger enclosed area;  a small space or subdivision for storage
  • compartments.
  • compatible - adj. able to exist and perform in harmonious or agreeable combination;  capable of being used with or connected to other devices or components without modification;  capable of forming a homogeneous mixture that neither separates nor is altered by chemical interaction;  having similar disposition and tastes;  (of a couple) existing together harmoniously
  • compelling - adj. tending to persuade by forcefulness of argument; driving or forcing
  • compensate - verb make payment to; compensate;  make amends for; pay compensation for;  adjust for;  do or give something to somebody in return;  make reparations or amends for;  make up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities
  • compensation - noun something (such as money) given or received as payment or reparation (as for a service or loss or injury); (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that conceals your undesirable shortcomings by exaggerating desirable behaviors;  the act of compensating for service or loss or injury
  • compensatory.
  • compete - verb compete for something; engage in a contest; measure oneself against others
  • competes.
  • competing - adj. being in competition
  • competition - noun the act of competing as for profit or a prize;  a business relation in which two parties compete to gain customers; an occasion on which a winner is selected from among two or more contestants;  the contestant you hope to defeat
  • competitive - adj. showing a fighting disposition;  subscribing to capitalistic competition;  involving competition or competitiveness
  • competitively - adv. in competition
  • competitors.
  • complained.
  • complaining - adj. expressing pain or dissatisfaction of resentment
  • complains.
  • complaints.
  • complement - noun something added to complete or make perfect; either of two parts that mutually complete each other;  a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction;  number needed to make up a whole force;  a complete number or quantity; one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response;  verb make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the complement to
  • complementand.
  • complementary - adj. of words or propositions so related that each is the negation of the other;  acting as or providing a complement (something that completes the whole);  noun either one of two chromatic colors that when mixed together give white (in the case of lights) or grey (in the case of pigments)
  • complemented.
  • complete - adj. having every necessary or normal part or component or step;  having come or been brought to a conclusion; perfect and complete in every respect; having all necessary qualities;  without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers;  highly skilled;  verb bring to a whole, with all the necessary parts or elements;  come or bring to a finish or an end; write all the required information onto a form;  complete a pass; complete or carry out
  • completed - adj. caught;  (of a marriage) completed by the first act of sexual intercourse after the ceremony;  successfully completed or brought to an end
  • completely - adv. so as to be complete; with everything necessary; to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly')
  • completeness - noun (logic) an attribute of a logical system that is so constituted that a contradiction arises if any proposition is introduced that cannot be derived from the axioms of the system; the state of being complete and entire; having everything that is needed
  • completing - adj. acting as or providing a complement (something that completes the whole)
  • completion - noun a concluding action;  (American football) a successful forward pass in football
  • complex - adj. complicated in structure; consisting of interconnected parts;  noun a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts;  (psychoanalysis) a combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior;  a compound described in terms of the central atom to which other atoms are bound or coordinated;  a whole structure (as a building) made up of interconnected or related structures
  • complex-related.
  • complexed.
  • complexes.
  • complexion - noun (obsolete) a combination of elements (of dryness and warmth or of the four humors) that was once believed to determine a person's health and temperament;  texture and appearance of the skin of the face;  the coloring of a person's face;  a point of view or general attitude or inclination;  a combination that results from coupling or interlinking;  verb give a certain color to
  • complexities.
  • complexity - noun the quality of being intricate and compounded
  • compliance - noun happy friendly agreement;  the act of submitting; usually surrendering power to another;  acting according to certain accepted standards;  a disposition or tendency to yield to the will of others
  • compliant - adj. disposed or willing to comply
  • complicate - verb make more complex, intricate, or richer;  make more complicated
  • complicated - adj. difficult to analyze or understand
  • complicates.
  • complicating.
  • complication - noun the act or process of complicating;  a development that complicates a situation;  a situation or condition that is complex or confused;  any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease;  puzzling complexity
  • complications.
  • comply - verb act in accordance with someone's rules, commands, or wishes
  • complying.
  • component - noun an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system;  an abstract part of something;  something determined in relation to something that includes it
  • components.
  • composed - adj. serenely self-possessed and free from agitation especially in times of stress;  made up of individual elements
  • composition - noun something that is created by arranging several things to form a unified whole;  the spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole;  an essay (especially one written as an assignment);  a mixture of ingredients;  the act of creating written works;  musical creation;  the way in which someone or something is composed;  art and technique of printing with movable type;  a musical work that has been created
  • compound - adj. of leaf shapes; of leaves composed of several similar parts or lobes;  consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts;  composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony;  noun an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient);  a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts;  (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight;  verb put or add together; combine so as to form a whole; mix;  create by mixing or combining; calculate principal and interest;  make more intense, stronger, or more marked
  • compound-b.
  • compounded - adj. combined into or constituting a chemical compound
  • compounds.
  • comprehensive - adj. including all or everything;  broad in scope; noun an intensive examination testing a student's proficiency in some special field of knowledge
  • comprehensively - adv. in an all-inclusive manner
  • compressed - adj. reduced in volume by pressure;  pressed tightly together;  flattened laterally along the whole length (e.g., certain leafstalks or flatfishes)
  • compression - noun applying pressure;  encoding information while reducing the bandwidth or bits required;  the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together;  an increase in the density of something
  • compressions.
  • comprise - verb form or compose;  include or contain; have as a component;  be composed of
  • comprises.
  • compromise - noun a middle way between two extremes;  an accommodation in which both sides make concessions;  verb settle by concession;  make a compromise; arrive at a compromise; expose or make liable to danger, suspicion, or disrepute
  • compromised.
  • compromises.
  • compulsive - adj. strongly motivated to succeed;  caused by or suggestive of psychological compulsion;  noun a person with a compulsive disposition; someone who feels compelled to do certain things
  • computer - noun a machine for performing calculations automatically;  an expert at calculation (or at operating calculating machines)
  • computer-aided.
  • computerized - adj. stored, processed, analyzed, or generated by computer
  • comt.
  • conceal - verb hold back; keep from being perceived by others; prevent from being seen or discovered
  • concentrated - adj. gathered together or made less diffuse;  of or relating to a solution whose dilution has been reduced;  intensely focused;  being the most concentrated solution possible at a given temperature; unable to dissolve still more of a substance;  (of light) transmitted directly from a pointed light source
  • concentrates.
  • concentrating.
  • concentration - noun strengthening the amount of a substance in a unit amount of another substance (as of a solute in a mixture) by removing the other substance;  bringing together military forces; (chemistry) the strength of a solution; number of molecules of a substance in a given volume (expressed as moles/cubic meter);  the spatial property of being crowded together;  complete attention; intense mental effort;  increase in density;  great and constant diligence and attention
  • concentration-related.
  • concentrations.
  • concept - noun an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
  • conception - noun the act of becoming pregnant; fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon;  the creation of something in the mind;  an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances; the event that occurred at the beginning of something
  • concepts.
  • concern - noun something that interests you because it is important or affects you;  something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness;  a feeling of sympathy for someone or something; an anxious feeling;  a commercial or industrial enterprise and the people who constitute it;  verb be on the mind of;  have to do with or be relevant to
  • concerned - adj. feeling or showing worry or solicitude;  involved in or affected by or having a claim to or share in;  in relation (or in regard) to; especially as in the phrases;  culpably involved
  • concerning.
  • concerns.
  • concise - adj. expressing much in few words
  • concluded - adj. having come or been brought to a conclusion
  • conclusion - noun an intuitive assumption;  the last section of a communication;  the proposition arrived at by logical reasoning (such as the proposition that must follow from the major and minor premises of a syllogism);  a final settlement;  the act of making up your mind about something;  the act of ending something;  a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration;  event whose occurrence ends something;  the temporal end; the concluding time
  • conclusions.
  • conclusive - adj. forming an end or termination; especially putting an end to doubt or question;  final and deciding;  expressing finality with no implication of possible change
  • concomitant - adj. following as a consequence;  noun an event or situation that happens at the same time as or in connection with another
  • concomitantly.
  • concordance - noun an index of all main words in a book along with their immediate contexts;  agreement of opinions;  a harmonious state of things in general and of their properties (as of colors and sounds); congruity of parts with one another and with the whole
  • concordant - adj. being of the same opinion;  in keeping
  • concurrent - adj. occurring or operating at the same time
  • concurrently - adv. overlapping in duration
  • condensed-type.
  • condition - noun the procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition;  an assumption on which rests the validity or effect of something else; (usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement;  a mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing;  a state at a particular time;  the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases `in condition' or `in shape' or `out of condition' or `out of shape');  information that should be kept in mind when making a decision;  verb apply conditioner to in order to make smooth and shiny;  put into a better state;  establish a conditioned response;  specify as a condition or requirement in a contract or agreement; make an express demand or provision in an agreement; train by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control
  • conditions.
  • condom - noun contraceptive device consisting of a sheath of thin rubber or latex that is worn over the penis during intercourse
  • condoms.
  • conduct - noun manner of acting or controlling yourself;  (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people;  verblead, as in the performance of a composition;  lead musicians in the performance of;  transmit or serve as the medium for transmission; direct the course of; manage or control;  take somebody somewhere; behave in a certain manner
  • conductance - noun a material's capacity to conduct electricity; measured as the reciprocal of electrical resistance
  • conducted.
  • conducting - noun the direction of an orchestra or choir;  the way of administering a business
  • conduction - noun the transmission of heat or electricity or sound
  • conducts.
  • conduit - noun a passage (a pipe or tunnel) through which water or electric wires can pass
  • conduits.
  • confer - verb have a conference in order to talk something over; present
  • conferences.
  • conferred - adj. given formally or officially
  • confers.
  • confidence - noun a secret that is confided or entrusted to another; a feeling of trust (in someone or something);  a trustful relationship;  a state of confident hopefulness that events will be favorable;  freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities
  • confident - adj. not liable to error in judgment or action;  having or marked by confidence or assurance;  persuaded of; very sure
  • confidently - adv. in a confident manner
  • confined - adj. not free to move about;  not invading healthy tissue; enclosed by a confining fence;  deprived of liberty; especially placed under arrest or restraint;  in captivity
  • confirm - verb make more firm;  establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts;  strengthen or make more firm;  administer the rite of confirmation to;  support a person for a position
  • confirmation - noun a sacrament admitting a baptized person to full participation in the church;  a ceremony held in the synagogue (usually at Pentecost) to admit as adult members of the Jewish community young men and women who have successfully completed a course of study in Judaism;  additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct;  information that confirms or verifies;  making something valid by formally ratifying or confirming it
  • confirmatory - adj. serving to support or corroborate
  • confirmed - adj. having a habit of long standing;  of persons; not subject to change;  having been established or made firm or received the rite of confirmation
  • confirming - adj. indicating existence or presence of a suspected condition or pathogen;  serving to support or corroborate
  • confirms.
  • conflicting - adj. on bad terms;  in disagreement
  • conform - verb be similar, be in line with;  adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions
  • conforming - adj. adhering to established customs or doctrines (especially in religion)
  • conformity - noun acting according to certain accepted standards; correspondence in form or appearance;  orthodoxy in thoughts and belief;  hardened conventionality;  concurrence of opinion
  • confound - verb mistake one thing for another;  be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly
  • confounded - adj. perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment
  • confounding - adj. that confounds or contradicts or confuses
  • confused - adj. mentally confused; unable to think with clarity or act intelligently;  lacking orderly continuity;  having lost your bearings; confused as to time or place or personal identity;  thrown into a state of disarray or confusion;  perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment
  • confusing - adj. lacking clarity of meaning; causing confusion or perplexity;  causing confusion or disorientation
  • confusion - noun a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another;  an act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended;  a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior;  a feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused;  disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
  • confusional.
  • congener - noun an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus)
  • congenital - adj. present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • congestion - noun excessive crowding;  excessive accumulation of blood or other fluid in a body part
  • congestive - adj. relating to or affected by an abnormal collection of blood or other fluid
  • congress - noun the legislature of the United States government;  a meeting of elected or appointed representatives;  a national legislative assembly;  the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man's penis is inserted into the woman's vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur
  • conjuction.
  • conjugate - adj. of an organic compound; containing two or more double bonds each separated from the other by a single bond; formed by the union of two compounds;  of a pinnate leaflet; having only one pair of leaflets;  joined together especially in a pair or pairs; noun a mixture of two partially miscible liquids A and B produces two conjugate solutions: one of A in B and another of B in A;  verb unite chemically so that the product is easily broken down into the original compounds;  undergo conjugation;  add inflections showing person, number, gender, tense, aspect, etc.
  • conjugated - adj. of an organic compound; containing two or more double bonds each separated from the other by a single bond; formed by the union of two compounds;  joined together especially in a pair or pairs
  • conjugates.
  • conjugating.
  • conjugation - noun a class of verbs having the same inflectional forms;  the complete set of inflected forms of a verb;  the inflection of verbs;  the act of making or becoming a single unit;  the act of pairing a male and female for reproductive purposes;  the state of being joined together
  • conjugative.
  • conjunction - noun an uninflected function word that serves to conjoin words or phrases or clauses or sentences;  (astronomy) apparent meeting or passing of two or more celestial bodies in the same degree of the zodiac;  the grammatical relation between linguistic units (words or phrases or clauses) that are connected by a conjunction;  something that joins or connects;  the temporal property of two things happening at the same time;  the state of being joined together
  • conjunctival - adj. of or relating to the conjunctiva
  • conjunctivitis - noun inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
  • conn - verb conduct or direct the steering of a ship or plane
  • connecting - adj. syntactically connecting sentences or elements of a sentence
  • connection - noun shifting from one form of transportation to another;  an instrumentality that connects;  a supplier (especially of narcotics);  (usually plural) a person who is influential and to whom you are connected in some way (as by family or friendship);  a relation between things or events (as in the case of one causing the other or sharing features with it);  a connecting shape;  the state of being connected;  the act of bringing two things into contact (especially for communication);  the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination
  • connections.
  • connective - adj. connecting or tending to connect;  noun an instrumentality that connects;  an uninflected function word that serves to conjoin words or phrases or clauses or sentences
  • connects.
  • cons.
  • conscious - adj. (followed by `of') showing realization or recognition of something;  knowing and perceiving; having awareness of surroundings and sensations and thoughts;  intentionally conceived
  • consciousness - noun an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself and your situation;  having knowledge of
  • consecutive - adj. in regular succession without gaps;  one after the other;  successive (without a break);  adv. in a consecutive manner
  • consecutively - adv. in a consecutive manner
  • consent - noun permission to do something;  verb give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to
  • consequence - noun having important effects or influence;  the outcome of an event especially as relative to an individual;  a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon
  • consequences.
  • consequent - adj. following as an effect or result
  • consequently - adv. (sentence connectors) because of the reason given;  as a consequence
  • conservation - noun the preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources;  (physics) the maintenance of a certain quantities unchanged during chemical reactions or physical transformations;  an occurrence of improvement by virtue of preventing loss or injury or other change
  • conservative - adj. resistant to change;  opposed to liberal reforms; conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle class; unimaginatively conventional;  avoiding excess;  noun a person who has conservative ideas or opinions
  • conserve - noun fruit preserved by cooking with sugar;  verbpreserve with sugar;  use cautiously and frugally;  keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction;  keep constant through physical or chemical reactions or evolutionary change
  • consider - verb regard or treat with consideration, respect, and esteem;  take into consideration for exemplifying purposes;  think about carefully; weigh;  show consideration for; take into account; judge or regard; look upon; judge;  deem to be;  look at carefully; study mentally;  look at attentively;  give careful consideration to
  • considerable - adj. large or relatively large in number or amount or extent or degree
  • considerably - adv. to a great extent or degree
  • consideration - noun a considerate and thoughtful act;  kind and considerate regard for others;  the process of giving careful thought to something;  a discussion of a topic (as in a meeting);  information that should be kept in mind when making a decision;  a fee charged in advance to retain the services of someone
  • considerations.
  • considered - adj. carefully weighed;  resulting from careful thought
  • considering.
  • consist - verb be composed of;  be consistent in form, tenor, or character; be congruous;  have its essential character; be comprised or contained in; be embodied in;  originate (in)
  • consisted.
  • consistency - noun a harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts;  (logic) an attribute of a logical system that is so constituted that none of the propositions deducible from the axioms contradict one another;  the property of holding together and retaining its shape;  logical coherence and accordance with the facts
  • consistent - adj. (sometimes followed by `with') in agreement or consistent or reliable;  the same throughout in structure or composition;  marked by an orderly, logical, and aesthetically consistent relation of parts;  capable of being reproduced
  • consistently - adv. in a systematic or consistent manner
  • consisting.
  • consists.
  • consolidation - noun the act of combining into an integral whole; combining into a solid mass;  something that has consolidated into a compact mass
  • constable - noun a lawman with less authority and jurisdiction than a sheriff;  a police officer of the lowest rank;  English landscape painter (1776-1837)
  • constant - adj. steadfast in purpose or devotion or affection; continually recurring or continuing without interruption;  uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing;  persistent in occurrence and unvarying in nature;  noun a quantity that does not vary;  a number representing a quantity assumed to have a fixed value in a specified mathematical context
  • constant-rate.
  • constantly - adv. without interruption;  seemingly uninterrupted; without variation or change
  • constipation - noun irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis;  the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)
  • constituent - adj. constitutional in the structure of something (especially your physical makeup);  noun (grammar) a word or phrase or clause forming part of a larger grammatical construction;  a member of a constituency; a citizen who is represented in a government by officials for whom he or she votes;  an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system;  an abstract part of something
  • constituents.
  • constitute - verb form or compose;  set up or lay the groundwork for; create and charge with a task or function;  to compose or represent:"This wall forms the background of the stage setting"
  • constituted - adj. brought about or set up or accepted; especially long established
  • constitution - noun the act of forming something;  United States 44-gun frigate that was one of the first three naval ships built by the United States; it won brilliant victories over British frigates during the War of 1812 and is without doubt the most famous ship in the history of the United States Navy; it has been rebuilt and is anchored in the Charlestown Navy Yard in Boston;  the way in which someone or something is composed;  law determining the fundamental political principles of a government
  • constitutional - adj. sanctioned by or consistent with or operating under a constitution;  of benefit to or intended to benefit your physical makeup;  of or relating to a constitution;  constitutional in the structure of something (especially your physical makeup);  existing as an essential constituent or characteristic;  noun a regular walk taken as a form of exercise
  • constitutive - adj. constitutional in the structure of something (especially your physical makeup)
  • constrict - verb become tight or as if tight;  squeeze or press together
  • constricting - adj. (of circumstances) tending to constrict freedom; hindering freedom of movement
  • constriction - noun the action or process of compressing;  a tight feeling in some part of the body;  tight or narrow compression;  a narrowing that reduces the flow through a channel
  • constricts.
  • constructed.
  • consult - verb advise professionally;  seek information from;  get or ask advice from;  have a conference in order to talk something over
  • consultant - noun an expert who gives advice
  • consultation - noun a conference between two or more people to consider a particular question;  a conference (usually with someone important);  the act of referring or consulting
  • consultations.
  • consulted.
  • consults.
  • consume - verb engage fully;  serve oneself to, or consume regularly;  use up (resources or materials);  spend extravagantly; destroy completely;  eat immoderately
  • consumed - adj. completely used up
  • consumers.
  • consuming - adj. very intense
  • consumption - noun the act of consuming something;  the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating); (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing;  involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  • contact - noun close interaction;  the act of touching physically; (electronics) a junction where things (as two electrical conductors) touch or are in physical contact;  a thin curved glass or plastic lens designed to fit over the cornea in order to correct vision or to deliver medication;  a communicative interaction;  the physical coming together of two or more things;  a person who is in a position to give you special assistance;  the state or condition of touching or of being in immediate proximity;  a channel for communication between groups;  verb be in or establish communication with;  be in direct physical contact with; make contact
  • contacts.
  • contain - verb be capable of holding or containing;  be divisible by; hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of;  lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits;  include or contain; have as a component;  contain or hold; have within
  • containable.
  • contained - adj. gotten under control;  controlled
  • container - noun any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another)
  • containers.
  • containing.
  • contains.
  • contamination - noun the act of contaminating or polluting; including (either intentionally or accidentally) unwanted substances or factors;  the state of being contaminated;  a substance that contaminates
  • contemplated.
  • contemplating.
  • content - adj. satisfied or showing satisfaction with things as they are;  noun the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned;  everything that is included in a collection;  the proportion of a substance that is contained in a mixture or alloy etc.;  something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation;  what a communication that is about something is about;  the amount that can be contained;  the state of being contented with your situation in life;  verb satisfy in a limited way;  make content
  • contents - noun a list of divisions (chapters or articles) and the pages on which they start
  • context - noun discourse that surrounds a language unit and helps to determine its interpretation;  the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event
  • contexts.
  • continuation - noun the act of continuing an activity without interruption;  the consequence of being lengthened in duration;  a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive a line as continuing its established direction;  a part added to a book or play that continues and extends it
  • continue - verb exist over a prolonged period of time;  continue talking;  keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last;  continue a certain state, condition, or activity;  continue after an interruption;  do something repeatedly and showing no intention to stop;  move ahead; travel onward in time or space;  allow to remain in a place or position;  span an interval of distance, space or time; continue in a place, position, or situation
  • continued - adj. without stop or interruption
  • continues.
  • continuing - adj. remaining in force or being carried on without letup
  • continuous - adj. continuing in time or space without interruption;  of a function or curve; extending without break or irregularity
  • continuously - adv. at every point;  with unflagging resolve
  • continuum - noun a continuous nonspatial whole or extent or succession in which no part or portion is distinct of distinguishable from adjacent parts
  • contraception - noun birth control by the use of devices (diaphragm or intrauterine device or condom) or drugs or surgery
  • contraceptive - adj. capable of preventing conception or impregnation;  noun an agent or device intended to prevent conception
  • contraceptives.
  • contract - noun a variety of bridge in which the bidder receives points toward game only for the number of tricks he bid;  a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law; (contract bridge) the highest bid becomes the contract setting the number of tricks that the bidder must make;  verb be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness;  enter into a contractual arrangement; make smaller;  become smaller or draw together;  reduce in scope while retaining essential elements;  make or become more narrow or restricted;  compress or concentrate;  squeeze or press together; engage by written agreement
  • contracted - adj. reduced in size or pulled together
  • contractile - adj. capable of contracting or being contracted
  • contractility - noun the capability or quality of shrinking or contracting, especially by muscle fibers and even some other forms of living matter
  • contracting - noun becoming infected
  • contraction - noun the act of decreasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope;  (physiology) a shortening or tensing of a part or organ (especially of a muscle or muscle fiber);  a word formed from two or more words by omitting or combining some sounds;  the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together
  • contractions.
  • contracts.
  • contraindicate - verb make a treatment inadvisable
  • contraindicated.
  • contraindicates.
  • contraindication - noun (medicine) a reason that makes it inadvisable to prescribe a particular drug or employ a particular procedure or treatment
  • contraindications.
  • contralateral - adj. on or relating to the opposite side (of the body)
  • contrast - noun the act of distinguishing by comparing differences; the range of optical density and tone on a photographic negative or print (or the extent to which adjacent areas on a television screen differ in brightness);  the perceptual effect of the juxtaposition of very different colors;  the opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared;  a conceptual separation or distinction;  verb put in opposition to show or emphasize differences;  to show differences when compared; be different
  • contrasts.
  • contribute - verb contribute to some cause;  be conducive to; provide;  bestow a quality on
  • contributed.
  • contributes.
  • contributing - adj. tending to bring about; being partly responsible for
  • contribution - noun any one of a number of individual efforts in a common endeavor;  act of giving in common with others for a common purpose especially to a charity;  a writing for publication especially one of a collection of writings as an article or story;  an amount of money contributed;  a voluntary gift (as of money or service or ideas) made to some worthwhile cause
  • contributory - adj. tending to bring about; being partly responsible for
  • control - noun the activity of managing or exerting control over something;  (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc;  a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine;  power to direct or determine;  the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.;  a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance;  a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another;  discipline in personal and social activities;  great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity;  a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment;  the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; verb verify by using a duplicate register for comparison;  exercise authoritative control or power over;  lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits;  verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard, of scientific experiments;  have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of;  be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;  handle and cause to function;  control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage
  • controlled - adj. restrained or managed or kept within certain bounds;  curbed or regulated
  • controlled-release.
  • controller - noun a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine;  someone who maintains and audits business accounts;  a person who directs and restrains
  • controlling - adj. able to control or determine policy
  • controls.
  • controversial - adj. marked by or capable of arousing controversy
  • controversies.
  • controversy - noun a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
  • convenience - noun the quality of being useful and convenient;  the state of being suitable or opportune;  a device or control that is very useful for a particular job;  a toilet that is available to the public
  • convenient - adj. easy to reach;  suited to your comfort or purpose or needs;  large and roomy (`convenient' is archaic in this sense)
  • conveniently - adv. in a convenient manner
  • convention - noun the act of convening;  something regarded as a normative example;  (diplomacy) an international agreement;  a large formal assembly;  orthodoxy as a consequence of being conventional
  • conventional - adj. following accepted customs and proprieties; unimaginative and conformist;  (weapons) using energy for propulsion or destruction that is not nuclear energy;  in accord with or being a tradition or practice accepted from the past;  conforming with accepted standards;  represented in simplified or symbolic form; rigidly formal or bound by convention
  • conventionally - adv. in a conventional manner
  • converge - verb come together so as to form a single product;  move or draw together at a certain location;  be adjacent or come together; approach a limit as the number of terms increases without limit
  • convergence - noun the act of converging (coming closer);  the approach of an infinite series to a finite limit;  the occurrence of two or more things coming together;  a representation of common ground between theories or phenomena
  • converse - adj. turned about in order or relation;  of words so related that one reverses the relation denoted by the other;  noun a proposition obtained by conversion;  verb carry on a conversation
  • conversely - adv. with the terms of the relation reversed
  • conversion - noun a spiritual enlightenment causing a person to lead a new life;  a successful free throw or try for point after a touchdown;  the act of changing from one use or function or purpose to another;  act of exchanging one type of money or security for another;  a change in the units or form of an expression: "conversion from Fahrenheit to Centigrade";  interchange of subject and predicate of a proposition;  a change of religion;  an event that results in a transformation;  (psychiatry) a defense mechanism represses emotional conflicts which are then converted into physical symptoms that have no organic basis
  • conversions.
  • convert - noun a person who has been converted to another religious or political belief;  verb change in nature, purpose, or function; undergo a chemical change;  change the nature, purpose, or function of something;  change from one system to another or to a new plan or policy;  change religious beliefs, or adopt a religious belief;  cause to adopt a new or different faith;  make (someone) agree, understand, or realize the truth or validity of something;  score (a spare);  complete successfully;  score an extra point or points after touchdown by kicking the ball through the uprights or advancing the ball into the end zone;  exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category;  exchange a penalty for a less severe one
  • converted - adj. spiritually reborn or converted
  • converting.
  • converts.
  • convey - verb make known; pass on, of information;  transmit a title or property;  transfer to another;  serve as a means for expressing something;  go or come after and bring or take back;  take something or somebody with oneself somewhere;  transmit or serve as the medium for transmission
  • conveys.
  • convinced - adj. persuaded of; very sure;  having a strong belief or conviction
  • convincing - adj. causing one to believe the truth of something
  • convoluted - adj. rolled or coiled together;  highly complex or intricate
  • convulsion - noun a physical disturbance such as an earthquake or upheaval;  a violent disturbance;  violent uncontrollable contractions of muscles;  a sudden uncontrollable attack
  • convulsions.
  • cooh.
  • cool - adj. marked by calm self-control (especially in trying circumstances); unemotional;  fashionable and attractive at the time; often skilled or socially adept;  (used of a number or sum) without exaggeration or qualification;  neither warm nor very cold; giving relief from heat;  psychologically cool and unenthusiastic; unfriendly or unresponsive or showing dislike;  (color) inducing the impression of coolness; used especially of greens and blues and violets;  nounthe quality of being at a refreshingly low temperature;  great coolness and composure under strain;  verb loose heat;  lose intensity;  make cool or cooler
  • cooling - noun the process of becoming cooler; a falling temperature;  a mechanism for keeping something cool
  • coombs.
  • coon - noun an eccentric or undignified rustic;  North American raccoon;  (ethnic slur) extremely offensive name for a Black person
  • cooper - noun a craftsman who makes or repairs wooden barrels or tubs;  United States novelist noted for his stories of American Indians and the frontier life (1789-1851);  United States film actor noted for his portrayals of strong silent heroes (1901-1961);  United States industrialist who built the first American locomotive; founded Cooper Union in New York City to offer free courses in the arts and sciences (1791-1883);  verb make barrels and casks
  • coordinated - adj. being dexterous in the use of more than one set of muscle movements;  operating as a unit;  intentionally matched
  • coordination - noun the regulation of diverse elements into an integrated and harmonious operation;  the skillful and effective interaction of movements;  the grammatical relation of two constituents having the same grammatical form
  • copd.
  • cope - noun brick that is laid sideways at the top of a wall;  verbcome to terms or deal successfully with
  • copies.
  • copious - adj. large in number or quantity (especially of discourse); affording an abundant supply
  • copper - noun any of various small butterflies of the family Lycaenidae having coppery wings;  a reddish-brown color resembling the color of polished copper;  a copper penny;  a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor;  uncomplimentary terms for a policeman;  verb coat with a layer of copper
  • coproporphyria.
  • coproporphyrin.
  • coproporphyrinogen.
  • copyright - noun a document granting exclusive right to publish and sell literary or musical or artistic work;  verb secure a copyright on a written work
  • cor.
  • cord - noun a line made of twisted fibers or threads;  a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton;  a light insulated conductor for household use;  a unit of amount of wood cut for burning; 128 cubic feet;  verb bind or tie with a cord;  stack in cords
  • corneal - adj. of or related to the cornea
  • cornerstone - noun a stone at the outer corner of two intersecting masonry walls;  a stone in the exterior of a large and important building; usually carved with a date and laid with appropriate ceremonies;  the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained
  • corneum - noun the outermost layer of the epidermis consisting of dead cells that slough off
  • coronary - adj. surrounding like a crown (especially of the blood vessels surrounding the heart);  noun obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  • coronary-care.
  • corporis.
  • corpus - noun the main part of an organ or other bodily structure;  a collection of writings;  capital as contrasted with the income derived from it
  • corpuscular - adj. of or relating to corpuscles
  • correct - adj. free from error; especially conforming to fact or truth; socially right or correct;  in accord with accepted standards of usage or procedure;  correct in opinion or judgment;  verb treat a defect; make right or correct;  alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard;  censure severely;  go down in value;  make reparations or amends for;  punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience;  adjust for
  • corrected - adj. having something undesirable neutralized; punished for misbehavior
  • correcting.
  • correction - noun the act of offering an improvement to replace a mistake; setting right;  treatment of a specific defect;  a drop in stock market activity or stock prices following a period of increases; something substituted for an error;  a rebuke for making a mistake;  a quantity that is added or subtracted in order to increase the accuracy of a scientific measure;  the act of punishing
  • corrections - noun the social control of offenders through a system of imprisonment and rehabilitation and probation and parole;  the department of local government that is responsible for managing the treatment of convicted offenders
  • correctly - adv. in a correct manner
  • correlate - adj. mutually related;  noun either of two correlated variables;  verb bring into a mutual, complementary, or reciprocal relation;  to bear a reciprocal or mutual relation
  • correlated - adj. mutually related
  • correlating.
  • correlation - noun a statistical relation between two or more variables such that systematic changes in the value of one variable are accompanied by systematic changes in the other;  a reciprocal relation between two or more things;  a statistic representing how closely two variables co-vary; it can vary from -1 (perfect negative correlation) through 0 (no correlation) to +1 (perfect positive correlation)
  • correspond - verb exchange messages;  be equivalent or parallel, in mathematics;  be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics;  take the place of or be parallel or equivalent to
  • corresponding - adj. agreeing in amount, magnitude, or degree; accompanying;  similar especially in position or purpose;  conforming in every respect
  • correspondingly - adv. in a corresponding manner
  • corresponds.
  • cortex - noun the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal;  the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
  • cortical - adj. of or relating to a cortex
  • cortices.
  • cortico-steroid.
  • corticosteroid - noun a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response
  • corticosteroid-sparing.
  • corticosteroids.
  • corticotropin - noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • corticotropin-releasing.
  • cortisol - noun an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • cortisone - noun a corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone
  • cosmetic - adj. serving an aesthetic purpose in beautifying the body;  serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose;  noun a toiletry designed to beautify the body
  • cost - noun the total spent for goods or services including money and time and labor;  the property of having material worth (often indicated by the amount of money something would bring if sold); value measured by what must be given or done or undergone to obtain something;  verb require to lose, suffer, or sacrifice;  be priced at
  • cost-effective - adj. productive relative to the cost
  • costochondral.
  • costs - noun pecuniary reimbursement to the winning party for the expenses of litigation
  • cot - noun a small bed that folds up for storage or transport;  baby bed with high sides made of slats;  a sheath worn to protect a finger
  • cotransport.
  • cotransporter.
  • cotton - noun fabric woven from cotton fibers;  thread made of cotton fibers;  erect bushy mallow plant or small tree bearing bolls containing seeds with many long hairy fibers;  soft silky fibers from cotton plants in their raw state;  verb take a liking to
  • cough - noun the act of exhaling air suddenly with a noise;  sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis;  verb exhale abruptly, as when one has a chest cold or congestion
  • coughing - noun the act of exhaling air suddenly with a noise; sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis
  • coughs.
  • could.
  • coumadins.
  • council - noun a meeting of people for consultation;  a body serving in an administrative capacity;  (Christianity) an assembly or theologians and bishops and other representative of different churches or dioceses that is convened to regulate matters of discipline or doctrine
  • counselled.
  • counselling - noun something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
  • count - noun the act of counting;  a nobleman (in various countries) having rank equal to a British earl;  the total number counted;  verbinclude as if by counting;  have faith or confidence in;  name or recite the numbers;  determine the number or amount of;  have weight; have import, carry weight;  put into a group;  take account of;  show consideration for; take into account
  • counter - adj. indicating opposition or resistance;  adv. in the opposite direction;  noun table consisting of a horizontal surface over which business is transacted;  a calculator that keeps a record of the number of times something happens;  a piece of leather forming the back of a shoe or boot;  game equipment used in various card or board games;  (computer science) a register whose contents go through a regular series of states (usually states indicating consecutive integers);  a person who counts things;  a return punch (especially by a boxer);  a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers;  a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one);  verb speak in response; act in advance of; deal with ahead of time
  • counter-regulatory.
  • counter-shock.
  • counteract - verb oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary actions;  destroy property or hinder normal operations;  act in opposition to;  oppose or check by a counteraction
  • counteracts.
  • counterarguments.
  • countered.
  • counterregulatory.
  • counters.
  • countershock.
  • countries.
  • country - noun the territory occupied by a nation;  an area outside of cities and towns;  the people who live in a nation or country;  a politically organized body of people under a single government;  a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography)
  • counts.
  • coupled - adj. connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks; joined together especially in a pair or pairs
  • course - adv. as might be expected;  noun a mode of action; education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings;  facility consisting of a circumscribed area of land or water laid out for a sport;  (construction) a layer of masonry;  part of a meal served at one time;  a connected series of events or actions or developments; general line of orientation;  a line or route along which something travels or moves;  verb hunt with hounds;  move swiftly through or over;  move along, of liquids
  • courses.
  • covalent - adj. of or relating to or characterized by covalence
  • cover - noun fire that makes it difficult for the enemy to fire on your own individuals or formations;  the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it;  a false identity and background (especially one created for an undercover agent);  a recording of a song that was first recorded or made popular by somebody else;  the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book;  bedding that keeps a person warm in bed;  a covering that serves to conceal or shelter something;  covering for a hole (especially a hole in the top of a container);  a natural object that covers or envelops;  a fixed charge by a restaurant or night club over and above the charge for food and drink;  verb clothe, as if for protection from the elements;  protect by insurance;  maintain a check on; especially by patrolling;  deal with verbally or in some form of artistic expression;  hold within range of an aimed firearm;  protect or defend (a position in a game);  be responsible for guarding an opponent in a game;  play a higher card than the one previously played;  form a cover over;  provide with a covering or cause to be covered;  spread over a surface to conceal or protect;  hide from view or knowledge;  be sufficient to meet, defray, or offset the charge or cost of;  to take an action to protect against future problems;  help out by taking someone's place and temporarily assuming his responsibilities;  invest with a large or excessive amount of something;  make up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities;  provide for;  span an interval of distance, space or time;  sit on (eggs);  be responsible for reporting the details of, as in journalism;  put something on top of something else;  copulate with a female, used especially of horses;  cover as if with a shroud;  travel across or pass over;  include in scope; include as part of something broader; have as one's sphere or territory
  • covered - adj. overlaid or spread or topped with or enclosed within something; sometimes used as a combining form
  • covering - noun the act of protecting something by covering it;  an artifact that covers something else (usually to protect or shelter or conceal it);  a natural object that covers or envelops;  the work of applying something;  the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it
  • covers.
  • cox - noun the helmsman of a ship's boat or a racing crew;  either of two related enzymes that control the production of prostaglandins and are blocked by aspirin;  verb act as the coxswain, in a boat race
  • coxibs.
  • coxsackie.
  • cp.
  • cpg.
  • cpr - noun an emergency procedure consisting of external cardiac massage and artificial respiration; the first treatment for a person who has collapsed and has no pulse and has stopped breathing; attempts to restore circulation of the blood and prevent death or brain damage due to lack of oxygen
  • cpt.
  • cr - noun a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • cramps.
  • cranberry - noun very tart red berry used for sauce or juice;  any of numerous shrubs of genus Vaccinium bearing cranberries
  • cranial - adj. of or relating to the cranium which encloses the brain
  • craniofacial.
  • craters.
  • craving - noun an intense desire for some particular thing
  • cream - noun toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin;  the part of milk containing the butterfat;  the best people or things in a group;  verb add cream to one's coffee, for example;  put on cream, as on one's face or body;  beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight;  make creamy by beating; remove from the surface
  • creams.
  • created.
  • creatine - noun an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates both in the free form and as phosphocreatine; supplies energy for muscle contraction
  • creating.
  • creatinine.
  • credit - noun used in the phrase `to your credit' in order to indicate an achievement deserving praise;  recognition by a college or university that a course of studies has been successfully completed; typically measured in semester hours;  an entry on a list of persons who contributed to a film or written work;  arrangement for deferred payment for goods and services;  money available for a client to borrow;  an accounting entry acknowledging income or capital items; approval;  a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage;  verb have trust in; trust in the truth or veracity of; give someone credit for something;  accounting: enter as credit;  give credit for
  • credited - adj. (usually followed by `to') given credit for
  • crescendo - adj. gradually increasing in volume;  noun (music) a gradual increase in loudness;  verb grow louder
  • creutzfeldt.
  • crigler.
  • criminally - adv. in violation of the law; in a criminal manner;  in a shameful manner
  • crises.
  • crisis - noun a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something;  an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty
  • criteria.
  • critical - adj. marked by a tendency to find and call attention to errors and flaws;  characterized by careful evaluation and judgment; being in or verging on a state of crisis or emergency;  at or of a point at which a property or phenomenon suffers an abrupt change especially having enough mass to sustain a chain reaction;  forming or having the nature of a turning point or crisis;  urgently needed; absolutely necessary;  of or involving or characteristic of critics or criticism
  • critically - adv. in a critical manner
  • criticism - noun a serious examination and judgment of something; a written evaluation of a work of literature;  disapproval expressed by pointing out faults or shortcomings
  • crocus - noun any of numerous low-growing plants of the genus Crocus having slender grasslike leaves and white or yellow or purple flowers; native chiefly to the Mediterranean region but widely cultivated
  • crofford.
  • crohn - noun United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn's disease (1884-1983)
  • cromoglicate.
  • cromoglicate-like.
  • cross - adj. extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis;  perversely irritable;  noun a representation of the structure on which Jesus was crucified; used as an emblem of Christianity or in heraldry;  a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece;  any affliction that causes great suffering;  (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids;  an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species;  a marking that consists of lines that cross each other;  verb trace a line through or across;  meet and pass;  fold so as to resemble a cross;  to cover or extend over an area or time period;  breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties;  travel across or pass over; meet at a point;  hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of
  • cross-allergenicity.
  • cross-desensitization.
  • cross-linking.
  • cross-react.
  • cross-reaction.
  • cross-reactivity.
  • cross-sensitivity.
  • cross-transplantation.
  • crosses.
  • crossing - noun traveling across;  a voyage across a body of water (usually across the Atlantic Ocean);  a path (often marked) where something (as a street or railroad) can be crossed to get from one side to the other;  a point where two lines (paths or arcs etc.) intersect;  (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids;  a junction where one street or road crosses another;  a shallow area in a stream that can be forded
  • crossover - noun the appropriation of a new style (especially in popular music) by combining elements of different genres in order to appeal to a wider audience;  a path (often marked) where something (as a street or railroad) can be crossed to get from one side to the other;  a voter who is registered as a member of one political party but who votes in the primary of another party;  the interchange of sections between pairing homologous chromosomes during the prophase of meiosis
  • crp - noun a byproduct of inflammation; a globulin that is found in the blood in some cases of acute inflammation
  • crucial - adj. of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis;  having the power or quality of deciding;  having crucial relevance;  of the greatest importance
  • cruciferous - adj. of or relating to or belonging to the plant family Cruciferae
  • crude - adj. not processed or subjected to analysis;  belonging to an early stage of technical development; characterized by simplicity and (often) crudeness;  not carefully or expertly made;  devoid of any qualifications or disguise or adornment;  conspicuously and tastelessly indecent;  not refined or processed;  noun a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
  • cruris.
  • crush - noun the act of crushing;  a dense crowd of people; temporary love of an adolescent;  leather that has had its grain pattern accentuated;  verb break into small pieces;  become injured, broken, or distorted by pressure;  humiliate or depress completely; come out better in a competition, race, or conflict;  make ineffective; crush or bruise;  to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition;  come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority
  • crushed - adj. treated so as to have a permanently wrinkled appearance;  subdued or brought low in condition or status
  • cryptococcal.
  • cryptococcosis - noun a fungal infection characterized by nodular lesions--first in the lungs and spreading to the nervous system
  • cryptococcus.
  • cryptosporidiosis.
  • crystal - noun a protective cover that protects the face of a watch; glassware made of quartz;  a crystalline element used as a component in various electronic devices;  a rock formed by the solidification of a substance; has regularly repeating internal structure; external plane faces;  a solid formed by the solidification of a chemical and having a highly regular atomic structure;  colorless glass made of almost pure silica
  • crystallization - noun a mental synthesis that becomes fixed or concrete by a process resembling crystal formation;  the formation of crystals;  a rock formed by the solidification of a substance; has regularly repeating internal structure; external plane faces
  • crystallizes.
  • crystalloid.
  • crystalluria.
  • crystals.
  • csf.
  • csm.
  • css.
  • ctz.
  • cues.
  • culinary - adj. of or relating to or used in cooking
  • culminated.
  • culprit - noun someone who perpetrates wrongdoing
  • culprits.
  • cultural - adj. denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people;  relating to the raising of plants or animals;  of or relating to the shared knowledge and values of a society;  of or relating to the arts and manners that a group favors
  • culture - noun the raising of plants or animals;  (biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar); the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group;  the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization;  a particular society at a particular time and place;  all the knowledge and values shared by a society;  a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality
  • cultured - adj. marked by refinement in taste and manners
  • cultures.
  • cumbersome - adj. difficult to handle or use especially because of size or weight;  not elegant or graceful in expression
  • cumulative - adj. increasing by successive addition
  • cupboard - noun a small room (or recess) or cabinet used for storage space
  • cupping - noun a treatment in which evacuated cups are applied to the skin to draw blood through the surface
  • curative - adj. tending to cure or restore to health;  noun a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain
  • cure - noun a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain; verb prepare by drying, salting, or chemical processing in order to preserve;  be or become preserved;  make (substances) hard and improve their usability;  provide a cure for, make healthy again
  • cured - adj. (used of hay e.g.) allowed to dry;  (used of concrete or mortar) kept moist to assist the hardening;  (used of rubber) treated by a chemical or physical process to improve its properties (hardness and strength and odor and elasticity);  freed from illness or injury;  (used of tobacco) aging as a preservative process (`aged' is pronounced as one syllable);  (used especially of meat) cured in brine
  • cures.
  • current - adj. occurring in or belonging to the present time;  noun a steady flow (usually from natural causes);  a flow of electricity through a conductor;  dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas
  • currently - adv. at this time or period; now
  • curriculum - noun an integrated course of academic studies
  • currie.
  • curry - noun (East Indian cookery) a pungent dish of vegetables or meats flavored with curry powder and usually eaten with rice;  verbtreat by incorporating fat;  season with a mixture of spices; typical of Indian cooking;  give a neat appearance to
  • curve - noun a pitch of a baseball that is thrown with spin so that its path curves as it approach the batter;  a line on a graph representing data;  the trace of a point whose direction of motion changes;  curved segment (of a road or river or railroad track etc.);  the property possessed by the curving of a line or surface;  verb form a curl, curve, or kink;  turn sharply; change direction abruptly;  bend or cause to bend;  form an arch or curve;  extend in curves and turns
  • curves.
  • cushing - noun United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869-1939)
  • cushingoid.
  • cutanea.
  • cutaneous - adj. relating to or existing on or affecting the skin
  • cutis - noun a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch
  • cvd.
  • cyanide - noun an extremely poisonous salt of hydrocyanic acid; any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN
  • cyanoacrylate.
  • cyanosed.
  • cyanosis - noun a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes; a sign that oxygen in the blood is dangerously diminished (as in carbon monoxide poisoning)
  • cyclase.
  • cyclase-dependent.
  • cycle - noun a single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon;  a periodically repeated sequence of events;  a series of poems or songs on the same theme;  an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs;  a wheeled vehicle that has two wheels and is moved by foot pedals;  the unit of frequency; one hertz has a periodic interval of one second;  verb recur in repeating sequences;  pass through a cycle;  cause to go through a recurring sequence;  ride a bicycle;  ride a motorcycle
  • cycles.
  • cyclic - adj. recurring in cycles;  of a compound having atoms arranged in a ring structure;  botany; forming a whorl or having parts arranged in a whorl;  marked by repeated cycles;  conforming to the Carnot cycle
  • cyclical - adj. recurring in cycles
  • cycling - noun the sport of traveling on a bicycle or motorcycle
  • cyclizine.
  • cyclo-oxygenase.
  • cyclo-oxygenases.
  • cyclodextrin.
  • cyclooxygenase - noun either of two related enzymes that control the production of prostaglandins and are blocked by aspirin
  • cyclophosphamide.
  • cycloserine - noun an antibiotic that is especially active against the tubercle bacillus
  • cycloserinea.
  • cylinders.
  • cyp.
  • cyproheptadine - noun an antihistamine (trade name Periactin) used to treat some allergic reactions
  • cyproterone.
  • cyps.
  • cys-glu-gly.
  • cys-lt.
  • cysteine - noun an amino acid containing sulfur that is found in most proteins; oxidizes on exposure to air to form cystine
  • cysteinuria.
  • cysteinyl.
  • cystic - adj. of or relating to or resembling a cyst;  of or relating to a normal cyst (as the gallbladder or urinary bladder)
  • cystitis - noun inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
  • cysts.
  • cytochrome - noun (biochemistry) a class of hemoprotein whose principle biological function is electron transfer (especially in cellular respiration)
  • cytochrome-haem.
  • cytokine - noun any of various proteins secreted by cells of the immune system that serve to regulate the immune system
  • cytokines.
  • cytomegalovirus - noun any of a group of herpes viruses that enlarge epithelial cells and can cause birth defects; can affect humans with impaired immunological systems
  • cytopathic.
  • cytoplasm - noun the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism
  • cytoplasmic - adj. of or relating to cytoplasm
  • cytosol - noun the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various particles and organelles are suspended
  • cytosolic.
  • cytotoxic - adj. of or relating to substances that are toxic to cells
  • cytotoxics.

Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

D

  • d - noun the 4th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • d-amino.
  • d-isomer.
  • d-penicillamine.
  • d-resistant.
  • d-sotalol.
  • da - noun an official prosecutor for a judicial district
  • daclizumab.
  • dahl - noun small highly nutritious seed of the tropical pigeon-pea plant;  tropical woody herb with showy yellow flowers and flat pods; much cultivated in the tropics
  • dahlback.
  • dahlof.
  • daidzein.
  • daily - adj. occurring or done each day;  measured by the day or happening every day;  adv. without missing a day;  gradually and progressively;  noun a newspaper that is published every day
  • dairy - noun a farm where dairy products are produced
  • dale - noun an open river valley (in a hilly area)
  • dalteparin.
  • damage - noun the act of damaging something or someone;  loss of military equipment;  the occurrence of a change for the worse;  any harm or injury resulting from a violation of a legal right;  the amount of money needed to purchase something;  verb inflict damage upon
  • damaged - adj. harmed or injured or spoiled;  especially of reputation;  being unjustly brought into disrepute
  • damages - noun a sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury
  • damaging - adj. designed or tending to discredit, especially without positive or helpful suggestions;  (sometimes followed by `to') causing harm or injury
  • dampen - verb lessen in force or effect;  check; keep in check (a fire);  make vague or obscure or make (an image) less visible; reduce the amplitude (of oscillations or waves);  make moist; smother or suppress;  deaden (a sound or noise), especially by wrapping
  • damper - noun a depressing restraint;  a device that decreases the amplitude of electronic, mechanical, acoustical, or aerodynamic oscillations;  a movable iron plate that regulates the draft in a stove or chimney or furnace
  • danazol.
  • danger - noun a dangerous place;  the condition of being susceptible to harm or injury;  a cause of pain or injury or loss;  a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury
  • dangerous - adj. causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm; involving or causing danger or risk; liable to hurt or harm
  • dangerously - adv. in a dangerous manner
  • dangers.
  • danozol.
  • dantrolene.
  • dap.
  • dapsone - noun antibacterial drug used to treat leprosy and some kinds of skin diseases
  • dark - adj. not giving performances; closed;  brunet (used of hair or skin or eyes);  devoid of or deficient in light or brightness; shadowed or black;  (used of color) having a dark hue;  marked by difficulty of style or expression;  showing a brooding ill humor;  secret;  having skin rich in melanin pigments;  causing dejection;  lacking enlightenment or knowledge or culture;  stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable;  noun an unenlightened state;  absence of light or illumination;  an unilluminated area;  absence of moral or spiritual values;  the time after sunset and before sunrise while it is dark outside
  • darkened - adj. become or made dark by lack of light;  (of fabrics and paper) grown dark in color over time
  • dartmouth - noun a college in New Hampshire
  • dartmouth-hitchcock.
  • dashed - adj. having gaps or spaces
  • data - noun a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
  • database - noun an organized body of related information
  • dataset.
  • date - noun sweet edible fruit of the date palm with a single long woody seed;  a meeting arranged in advance;  a participant in a date; the present;  the specified day of the month;  a particular day specified as the time something happens;  the particular day, month, or year (usually according to the Gregorian calendar) that an event occurred;  a particular but unspecified point in time;  verb assign a date to; determine the (probable) date of;  provide with a dateline; mark with a date;  stamp with a date;  go on a date with;  date regularly; have a steady relationship with
  • dates.
  • daughter - noun a female human offspring
  • daunorubicin.
  • david - noun (Old Testament) the 2nd king of the Israelites; as a young shepherd he fought Goliath (a giant Philistine warrior) and killed him by hitting him in the head with a stone flung from a sling; he united Israel with Jerusalem as its capital; many of the Psalms are attributed to David (circa 1000-962 BC);  French neoclassical painter who actively supported the French Revolution (1748-1825); patron saint of Wales (circa 520-600)
  • davidoff.
  • davies.
  • davis - noun United States film actress (1908-1989);  United States tennis player who donated the Davis Cup for international team tennis competition (1879-1945);  American statesman; president of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War (1808-1889);  United States jazz musician; noted for his trumpet style (1926-1991);  United States painter who developed an American version of cubism (1894-1964);  English navigator who explored the Arctic while searching for the Northwest Passage (1550-1605)
  • davison.
  • day - noun United States writer best known for his autobiographical works (1874-1935);  a period of opportunity;  some point or period in time;  the recurring hours when you are not sleeping (especially those when you are working);  time for Earth to make a complete rotation on its axis;  a day assigned to a particular purpose or observance;  the time after sunrise and before sunset while it is light outside;  the period of time taken by a particular planet (e.g. Mars) to make a complete rotation on its axis;  an era of existence or influence;  the time for one complete rotation of the earth relative to a particular star, about 4 minutes shorter than a mean solar day
  • days - noun the time during which someone's life continues
  • daytime - noun the time after sunrise and before sunset while it is light outside
  • dbp.
  • dc - noun the district occupied entirely by the city of Washington; chosen by George Washington as the site of the nation's capital and created out of land ceded by Maryland and Virginia;  an electric current that flows in one direction steadily
  • dd - noun a doctor's degree in religion
  • ddavp.
  • ddi.
  • ddt - noun an insecticide that is also toxic to animals and humans; banned in the United States since 1972
  • de - noun a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies
  • de-acetylation.
  • de-esterified.
  • deacetylated.
  • deacetylation.
  • dead - adj. total;  devoid of activity;  physically inactive;  no longer having or seeming to have or expecting to have life;  not showing characteristics of life especially the capacity to sustain life; no longer exerting force or having energy or heat;  lacking animation or excitement or activity;  drained of electric charge; discharged; sudden and complete;  no longer having force or relevance;  no longer in force or use; inactive;  lacking resilience or bounce;  not surviving in active use;  out of use or operation because of a fault or breakdown;  not circulating or flowing;  unerringly accurate;  not yielding a return;  lacking acoustic resonance;  devoid of physical sensation; numb;  (followed by `to') not showing human feeling or sensitivity; unresponsive;  not endowed with life;  very tired;  adv.completely and without qualification; used informally as intensifiers; quickly and without warning;  noun people who are no longer living;  a time when coldness (or some other quality associated with death) is intense
  • deadly - adj. (of a disease) having a rapid course and violent effect; causing or capable of causing death;  of an instrument of certain death;  involving loss of divine grace or spiritual death;  extremely poisonous or injurious; producing venom;  exceedingly harmful;  adv.as if produced by death;  as if dead;  (used as intensives) extremely
  • deafness - noun partial or complete loss of hearing
  • deal - noun the act of apportioning or distributing something;  the act of distributing playing cards;  a particular instance of buying or selling;  the type of treatment received (especially as the result of an agreement);  a plank of softwood (fir or pine board);  an agreement between parties (usually arrived at after discussion) fixing obligations of each;  the cards held in a card game by a given player at any given time;  (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent;  wood that is easy to saw (from conifers such as pine or fir);  verb do business; offer for sale as for one's livelihood;  sell; distribute to the players in a game;  give (a specific card) to a player; take action with respect to (someone or something);  behave in a certain way towards others;  take into consideration for exemplifying purposes;  deal with verbally or in some form of artistic expression; give out as one's portion or share;  administer or bestow, as in small portions;  be in charge of, act on, or dispose of;  direct the course of; manage or control;  come to terms or deal successfully with
  • dealing - noun method or manner of conduct in relation to others; the act of transacting within or between groups (as carrying on commercial activities)
  • dealkylation.
  • deals.
  • dealt.
  • deaminase.
  • deaminate - verb remove the amino radical (usually by hydrolysis) from an amino compound; to perform deamination
  • deaminated.
  • deaminates.
  • deamination - noun removal of the amino radical from an amino acid or other amino compound
  • dean - noun an administrator in charge of a division of a university or college;  (Roman Catholic Church) the head of the College of Cardinals;  a man who is the senior member of a group;  United States film actor whose moody rebellious roles made him a cult figure (1931-1955)
  • death - noun the act of killing;  the event of dying or departure from life;  the personification of death;  the permanent end of all life functions in an organism or part of an organism;  the absence of life or state of being dead;  the time at which life ends; continuing until dead;  the time when something ends;  a final state
  • deaths.
  • debate - noun the formal presentation of and opposition to a stated proposition (usually followed by a vote);  a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal; verb argue with one another;  discuss the pros and cons of an issue; have an argument about something;  think about carefully; weigh
  • debated.
  • debilitated - adj. lacking strength or vigor
  • debilitating - adj. impairing the strength and vitality
  • debility - noun the state of being weak in health or body (especially from old age)
  • debrisoquine.
  • decanoate.
  • decapeptide.
  • decarboxylase - noun any of the enzymes that hydrolize the carboxyl group
  • decarboxylases.
  • decarboxylation - noun the process of removing a carboxyl group from a chemical compound (usually replacing it with hydrogen)
  • decay - noun the organic phenomenon of rotting;  a gradual decrease; as of stored charge or current;  the process of gradually becoming inferior;  the spontaneous disintegration of a radioactive substance along with the emission of ionizing radiation;  an inferior state resulting from the process of decaying;  verb fall into decay or ruin;  undergo decay or decomposition;  lose a stored charge, magnetic flux, or current
  • december - noun the last (12th) month of the year
  • decide - verb reach, make, or come to a decision about something; bring to an end; settle conclusively;  cause to decide;  influence or determine
  • decided - adj. recognizable; marked
  • decides.
  • deciding - adj. having the power or quality of deciding;  noun the cognitive process of reaching a decision
  • decision - noun the act of making up your mind about something;  a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration;  the outcome of a game or contest;  (boxing) a victory won on points when no knockout has occurred;  the trait of resoluteness as evidenced by firmness of character or purpose
  • decision making - noun the cognitive process of reaching a decision
  • decisions.
  • declaration - noun a statement that is emphatic and explicit (spoken or written);  (law) unsworn statement that can be admitted in evidence in a legal transaction;  a statement of taxable goods or of dutiable properties;  a formal expression by a meeting; agreed to by a vote;  a formal public statement;  (contract bridge) the highest bid becomes the contract setting the number of tricks that the bidder must make
  • decline - noun change toward something smaller or lower;  a condition inferior to an earlier condition; a gradual falling off from a better state;  a downward slope or bend;  a gradual decrease; as of stored charge or current;  verb grow smaller;  inflect for number, gender, case, etc., "in many languages, speakers decline nouns, pronouns, and adjectives";  go down in value;  go down;  grow worse; show unwillingness towards;  refuse to accept
  • declined.
  • declines.
  • declining.
  • decompensated.
  • decompensation.
  • decompression - noun relieving pressure;  restoring compressed information to its normal form for use or display
  • decongestant - noun a drug that decreases pulmonary congestion
  • deconjugation.
  • decrease - noun the act of decreasing or reducing something;  the amount by which something decreases;  a change downward;  a process of becoming smaller or shorter;  verb decrease in size, extent, or range;  make smaller
  • decreased - adj. made less in size or amount or degree
  • decreases.
  • decreasing - adj. becoming less or smaller;  music
  • dedicated - adj. devoted to a cause or ideal or purpose;  solemnly dedicated to or set apart for a high purpose
  • deduced.
  • deedwania.
  • deemed.
  • deep - adj. exhibiting great cunning usually with secrecy;  strong; intense;  very distant in time or space;  having great spatial extension or penetration downward or inward from an outer surface or backward or laterally or outward from a center; sometimes used in combination;  relatively deep or strong; affecting one deeply;  with head or back bent low;  large in quantity or size;  extreme;  marked by depth of thinking;  relatively thick from top to bottom;  extending relatively far inward;  difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledge;  of an obscure nature; having or denoting a low vocal or instrumental range;  (of darkness) very intense;  adv. to far into space;  to an advanced time;  to a great depth;  noun literary term for an ocean;  the central and most intense or profound part;  a long steep-sided depression in the ocean floor
  • deep-seated - adj. (used especially of ideas or principles) deeply rooted; firmly fixed or held
  • deep-vein.
  • deepening - adj. accumulating and becoming more intense;  noun a process of becoming deeper and more profound
  • deepest.
  • deepsited.
  • deepvein.
  • defaecation.
  • defecation - noun the elimination of fecal waste through the anus
  • defect - noun a failing or deficiency;  an imperfection in a bodily system;  an imperfection in a device or machine;  a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body); verb desert (a cause, a country or an army), often in order to join the opposing cause, country, or army
  • defective - adj. markedly subnormal in structure or function or intelligence or behavior;  having a defect;  not working properly
  • defects.
  • defence - noun protection from harm;  military action or resources protecting a country against potential enemies;  a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him;  a structure used to defend against attack;  the justification for some act or belief;  the speech act of answering an attack on your assertions; an organization of defenders that provides resistance against attack; the defendant and his legal advisors collectively;  (sports) the team that is trying to prevent the other team from scoring;  (psychiatry) an unconscious process that tries to reduce the anxiety associated with instinctive desires
  • defences.
  • defibrillation - noun treatment by stopping fibrillation of heart muscles (usually by electric shock delivered by a defibrillator)
  • defibrillator - noun an electronic device that administers an electric shock of preset voltage to the heart through the chest wall in an attempt to restore the normal rhythm of the heart during ventricular fibrillation
  • deficiencies.
  • deficiency - noun lack of an adequate quantity or number;  the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  • deficient - adj. inadequate in amount or degree;  falling short of some prescribed norm;  of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement
  • deficit - noun the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required;  an excess of liabilities over assets (usually over a certain period);  (sports) the score by which a team or individual is losing;  a deficiency or failure in neurological or mental functioning
  • define - verb give a definition for the meaning of a word;  determine the nature of;  show the form or outline of;  determine the essential quality of
  • defined - adj. clearly characterized or delimited;  clearly defined; showing clearly the outline or profile or boundary
  • defines.
  • defining - noun any process serving to define the shape of something
  • definite - adj. known for certain;  precise; explicit and clearly defined
  • definitely - adv. without question and beyond doubt
  • definition - noun clarity of outline;  a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase or symbol
  • definitive - adj. supplying or being a final or conclusive settlement; clearly defined or formulated;  of recognized authority or excellence
  • deformation - noun alteration in the shape or dimensions of an object as a result of the application of stress to it;  the act of twisting or deforming the shape of something (e.g., yourself);  a change for the worse
  • deformed - adj. so badly formed or out of shape as to be ugly
  • deformity - noun an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed;  an appearance that has been spoiled or is misshapen
  • defronzo.
  • degeneration - noun passing from a more complex to a simpler biological form;  the process of declining from a higher to a lower level of effective power or vitality or essential quality;  the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities
  • degenerative - adj. (of illness) marked by gradual deterioration of organs and cells along with loss of function
  • degradation - noun changing to a lower state (a less respected state);  a low or downcast state
  • degrade - verb lower the grade of something; reduce its worth; reduce the level of land, as by erosion;  reduce in worth or character, usually verbally
  • degraded - adj. lowered in value;  unrestrained by convention or morality
  • degrades.
  • degranulation.
  • degree - noun a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality; the seriousness of something (e.g., a burn or crime);  the highest power of a term or variable;  a measure for arcs and angles;  a unit of temperature on a specified scale;  a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process;  an award conferred by a college or university signifying that the recipient has satisfactorily completed a course of study
  • degrees.
  • dehydrating.
  • dehydration - noun the process of extracting moisture;  depletion of bodily fluids;  dryness resulting from the removal of water
  • dehydrocholesterol.
  • dehydrogenase.
  • dehydroisoepiandrosterone.
  • dehydropeptidase.
  • dehydroretinol - noun a viscous alcohol that is less active in mammals than is vitamin A1
  • delacretaz.
  • delay - noun the act of delaying; inactivity resulting in something being put off until a later time;  time during which some action is awaited;  verb cause to be slowed down or delayed;  act later than planned, scheduled, or required;  slow the growth or development of; stop or halt
  • delayed - adj. caused to be slower or later;  not as far along as normal in development
  • delayed-type.
  • delaying.
  • delays.
  • deleterious - adj. harmful to living things
  • deletion - noun the act of deleting something written or printed;  the omission that is made when an editorial change shortens a written passage;  (genetics) the loss or absence of one or more nucleotides from a chromosome;  any process whereby sounds are left out of spoken words or phrases
  • deliberate - adj. by conscious design or purpose;  marked by careful consideration or reflection;  with care and dignity;  produced or marked by conscious design or premeditation;  carefully thought out in advance;  verb discuss the pros and cons of an issue;  think about carefully; weigh
  • deliberately - adv. with intention; in an intentional manner;  in a deliberate unhurried manner
  • delineate - adj. represented accurately or precisely;  verb describe in vivid detail;  trace the shape of;  make a mark or lines on a surface; determine the essential quality of;  show the form or outline of
  • delirious - adj. marked by uncontrolled excitement or emotion; experiencing delirium
  • delirium - noun a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations;  state of violent mental agitation
  • deliver - verb deliver (a speech, oration, or idea);  utter (an exclamation, noise, etc.);  bring to a destination, make a delivery; throw or hurl from the mound to the batter, as in baseball;  carry out or perform;  save from sins;  cause_to_be_born;  pass down; relinquish possession or control over;  to surrender someone or something to another;  hand over to the authorities of another country;  free from harm or evil
  • delivered.
  • delivering.
  • delivers.
  • delivery - noun the act of delivering a child;  the act of delivering or distributing something (as goods or mail);  the voluntary transfer of something (title or possession) from one party to another;  the event of giving birth;  recovery or preservation from loss or danger; (baseball) the act of throwing a baseball by a pitcher to a batter; your characteristic style or manner of expressing yourself orally
  • dell - noun a small wooded hollow
  • delmas.
  • delta - noun the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet;  a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
  • deltoid - adj. of a leaf shape; suggesting a capital delta, with a point at the apex;  noun a large triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint and serving to abduct and flex and extend and rotate the arm
  • delusions.
  • demand - noun the act of demanding;  an urgent or peremptory request;  the ability and desire to purchase goods and services; required activity;  a condition requiring relief;  verb request urgently and forcefully;  claim as due or just;  ask to be informed of;  summon to court;  lay legal claim to;  require as useful, just, or proper
  • demanding - adj. requiring more than usually expected or thought due; especially great patience and effort and skill
  • demands.
  • demeclocycline.
  • demented - adj. affected with madness or insanity
  • dementia - noun mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
  • demethylase.
  • demethylgriseofulvin.
  • demonstrate - verb march in protest; take part in a demonstration; establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment;  provide evidence for; stand as proof of; show by one's behavior, attitude, or external attributes;  show or demonstrate something to an interested audience
  • demonstrated - adj. having been demonstrated or verified beyond doubt
  • demonstrates.
  • demonstrating.
  • demonstration - noun a show of military force or preparedness;  a public display of group feelings (usually of a political nature);  proof by a process of argument or a series of proposition proving an asserted conclusion;  a visual presentation showing how something works;  a show or display; the act of presenting something to sight or view
  • dempsey - noun United States prizefighter who was world heavyweight champion (1895-1983)
  • demulcent - adj. having a softening or soothing effect especially to the skin;  noun a medication (in the form of an oil or salve etc.) that soothes inflamed or injured skin
  • demyelinating.
  • den - noun a room that is comfortable and secluded;  a unit of 8 to 10 cub scouts;  a hiding place; usually a remote place used by outlaws;  the habitation of wild animals
  • denervation.
  • denied.
  • density - noun the amount per unit size;  the spatial property of being crowded together
  • dental - adj. of or relating to the teeth;  of or relating to dentistry; noun a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • dentistry - noun the branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy and development and diseases of the teeth
  • dentists.
  • dento-gingival.
  • dentures.
  • deoxyribonuclease.
  • department - noun a specialized sphere of knowledge;  a specialized division of a large organization;  the territorial and administrative division of some countries (such as France)
  • departments.
  • depend - verb be contingent upon (something that is elided);  have faith or confidence in
  • dependence - noun lack of independence or self-sufficiency;  being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • dependency - noun a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country;  lack of independence or self-sufficiency;  being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • dependent - adj. addicted to a drug;  contingent on something else; not independent;  (of a clause) unable to stand alone syntactically as a complete sentence;  being under the power or sovereignty of another or others;  supported from above;  noun a person who relies on another person for support (especially financial support)
  • depending.
  • depends.
  • depersonalization - noun representing a human being as a physical thing deprived of personal qualities or individuality;  (existentialism) a loss of personal identity; a feeling of being an anonymous cog in a stupid social machine;  emotional dissociative disorder in which there is loss of contact with your own personal reality accompanied by feelings of unreality and strangeness
  • depleted - adj. having resources completely depleted;  no longer sufficient
  • depletes.
  • depleting.
  • depletion - noun the act of decreasing something markedly;  the state of being depleted
  • deplored.
  • depolarization - noun a loss of polarity or polarization
  • depolarize - verb eliminate the polarization of
  • depolarizing.
  • deposit - noun the act of putting something somewhere;  a payment given as a guarantee that an obligation will be met;  the phenomenon of sediment or gravel accumulating;  money given as security for an article acquired for temporary use;  money deposited in a bank;  a facility where things can be deposited for storage or safekeeping; matter that has been deposited by some natural process;  a partial payment made at the time of purchase; the balance to be paid later; the natural process of laying down a deposit of something;  verb put into a bank account;  fix, force, or implant;  put (something somewhere) firmly
  • deposited.
  • deposition - noun the act of deposing someone; removing a powerful person from a position or office;  (law) a pretrial interrogation of a witness; usually conducted in a lawyer's office;  the natural process of laying down a deposit of something;  the act of putting something somewhere
  • deposits.
  • depot - noun a depository for goods;  station where transport vehicles load or unload passengers or goods
  • depress - verb lessen the activity or force of;  lower someone's spirits; make downhearted;  lower (prices or markets);  press down; cause to drop or sink
  • depressant - adj. capable of depressing physiological or psychological activity or response by a chemical agent;  noun a drug that reduces excitability and calms a person
  • depressants.
  • depressed - adj. having the central portion lower than the margin; lower than previously;  flattened downward as if pressed from above or flattened along the dorsal and ventral surfaces;  low in spirits
  • depresses.
  • depressing - adj. causing or suggestive of sorrow or gloom;  causing dejection
  • depression - noun pushing down;  sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy;  angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object);  a concavity in a surface produced by pressing;  a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity;  a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment;  a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment;  a sunken or depressed geological formation;  a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention;  an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
  • depressive - adj. causing or suggestive of sorrow or gloom;  nounsomeone suffering psychological depression
  • deprivation - noun act of depriving someone of food or money or rights;  the disadvantage that results from losing something;  a state of extreme poverty
  • deprived - adj. marked by deprivation especially of the necessities of life or healthful environmental influences
  • depth - noun degree of psychological or intellectual profundity; extent downward or backward or inward;  (usually plural) the deepest and most remote part;  (usually plural) a low moral state;  the intellectual ability to penetrate deeply into ideas
  • depths.
  • der.
  • derangement - noun a state of mental disturbance and disorientation;  the act of disturbing the mind or body
  • derivative - adj. resulting from or employing derivation;  noun(linguistics) a word that is derived from another word;  the result of mathematical differentiation; the instantaneous change of one quantity relative to another; df(x)/dx;  a financial instrument whose value is based on another security
  • derivatives.
  • derive - verb develop or evolve from a latent or potential state; come from;  obtain;  come from; be connected by a relationship of blood, for example;  reason by deduction; establish by deduction
  • derived - adj. formed or developed from something else; not original
  • derives.
  • dermal - adj. of or relating to or located in the dermis;  relating to or existing on or affecting the skin;  of or relating to a cuticle or cuticula
  • dermatitidis.
  • dermatitis - noun inflammation of the skin; skin becomes itchy and may develop blisters
  • dermatologists.
  • dermatophyte.
  • dermatophytes.
  • dermatophytic.
  • desal-ination.
  • desalination - noun the removal of salt (especially from sea water)
  • desamino-d-arginine.
  • desaturation.
  • descending - adj. coming down or downward
  • descent - noun the act of changing your location in a downward direction;  a movement downward;  a downward slope or bend;  the kinship relation between an individual and the individual's progenitors;  properties attributable to your ancestry;  the descendants of one individual
  • describe - verb give a description of;  identify as in botany or biology, for example;  to give an account or representation of in words;  make a mark or lines on a surface
  • described - adj. represented in words especially with sharpness and detail
  • describes.
  • describing.
  • desensitization - noun the process of reducing sensitivity
  • desensitizes.
  • desethyl.
  • desflurane.
  • design - noun the act of working out the form of something (as by making a sketch or outline or plan);  a decorative or artistic work;  a preliminary sketch indicating the plan for something;  an arrangement scheme;  the creation of something in the mind;  something intended as a guide for making something else;  an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;  verb intend or have as a purpose;  design something for a specific role or purpose or effect;  conceive or fashion in the mind; invent;  make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form;  create the design for; create or execute in an artistic or highly skilled manner;  create designs;  make or work out a plan for; devise
  • designated - adj. selected or named for a duty
  • designates.
  • designed - adj. done or made or performed with purpose and intent; planned or created in an artistic or skilled manner;  carefully practiced or designed or premeditated;  organized so as to give configuration to
  • designer - noun a person who devises plots or intrigues;  someone who creates plans to be used in making something (such as buildings);  someone who designs clothing;  a person who specializes in designing architectural interiors and their furnishings
  • designing - adj. concealing crafty designs for advancing your own interest;  noun the act of working out the form of something (as by making a sketch or outline or plan)
  • desirable - adj. worth having or seeking or achieving;  worthy of being chosen especially as a spouse
  • desire - noun an inclination to want things;  the feeling that accompanies an unsatisfied state;  something that is desired;  verbfeel or have a desire for; want strongly;  express a desire for;  expect and wish
  • desired - adj. greatly desired;  wanted intensely
  • desmethyldiazepam.
  • desmethylselegiline.
  • desmopressin.
  • desogestrel.
  • desperate - adj. showing extreme courage; especially of actions courageously undertaken in desperation as a last resort;  fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless;  showing extreme urgency or intensity especially because of great need or desire;  desperately determined;  (of persons) dangerously reckless or violent as from urgency or despair;  arising from or marked by despair or loss of hope;  noun a person who is frightened and in need of help
  • despite - noun contemptuous disregard;  lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike
  • desquamation - noun loss of bits of outer skin by peeling or shedding or coming off in scales
  • dessertspoonful - noun as much as a dessertspoon will hold
  • destroy - verb put to death;  destroy completely; damage irreparably;  do away with, cause the destruction or undoing of; defeat soundly
  • destroying.
  • destroys.
  • destruction - noun the termination of something by causing so much damage to it that it cannot be repaired or no longer exists;  an event (or the result of an event) that completely destroys something; a final state
  • detail - noun an isolated fact that is considered separately from the whole;  extended treatment of particulars;  a crew of workers selected for a particular task;  a small part that can be considered separately from the whole;  a temporary military unit;  verb assign to a specific task;  provide details for
  • detailed - adj. developed or executed with care and in minute detail
  • details - noun true confidential information
  • detect - verb discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of
  • detectable - adj. easily seen or detected;  capable of being detected
  • detected - adj. perceived with the mind;  perceived or discerned
  • detecting - noun a police investigation to determine the perpetrator
  • detection - noun the act of detecting something; catching sight of something;  a police investigation to determine the perpetrator;  the perception that something has occurred or some state exists;  the detection that a signal is being received
  • deteriorated.
  • deteriorates.
  • deterioration - noun process of changing to an inferior state;  a symptom of reduced quality or strength
  • determinant - adj. having the power or quality of deciding;  noun a determining or causal element or factor;  a square matrix used to solve simultaneous equations;  the site on the surface of an antigen molecule to which an antibody attaches itself
  • determination - noun the act of determining the properties of something;  the quality of being determined to do or achieve something;  the act of making up your mind about something;  a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration
  • determinations.
  • determine - verb fix conclusively or authoritatively;  fix in scope; fix the boundaries of; the tree determines the border of the property; shape or influence; give direction to;  establish after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study;  find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort; reach, make, or come to a decision about something;  settle conclusively; come to terms;  decide upon or fix definitely
  • determined - adj. having been learned or found or determined especially by investigation;  characterized by great determination; determined or decided upon as by an authority;  devoting full strength and concentrated attention to;  strongly motivated to succeed
  • determines.
  • determining - adj. having the power or quality of deciding
  • detoxified.
  • detoxifies.
  • detrimental - adj. (sometimes followed by `to') causing harm or injury
  • detrusor.
  • devastating - adj. wreaking or capable of wreaking complete destruction;  physically or spiritually devastating; often used in combination;  making light of
  • develop - verb expand in the form of a series;  grow, progress, unfold, or evolve through a process of evolution, natural growth, differentiation, or a conducive environment;  cause to grow and differentiate in ways conforming to its natural development;  be gradually disclosed or unfolded; become manifest;  elaborate by the unfolding of a musical idea and by the working out of the rhythmic and harmonic changes in the theme;  grow emotionally or mature; gain through experience;  move into a strategically more advantageous position;  move one's pieces into strategically more advantageous positions;  superimpose a three-dimensional surface on a plane without stretching, in geometry;  generate gradually; make something new, such as a product or a mental or artistic creation;  make visible by means of chemical solutions;  come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes); change the use of and make available or usable;  happen;  become technologically advanced;  create by training and teaching; elaborate, as of theories and hypotheses;  work out;  come into existence; take on form or shape
  • developed - adj. being changed over time so as to be e.g. stronger or more complete or more useful;  (of real estate) made more useful and profitable as by building or laying out roads;  (used of societies) having high industrial development
  • developing - adj. relating to societies in which capital needed to industrialize is in short supply;  gradually unfolding or growing (especially as of something latent);  making or becoming visible through or as if through the action of a chemical agent;  nounprocessing a photosensitive material in order to make an image visible
  • development - noun act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining;  (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated;  a recent event that has some relevance for the present situation;  a district that has been developed to serve some purpose;  processing a photosensitive material in order to make an image visible;  a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage);  a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess);  the act of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful;  (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • developmental - adj. of or relating to or constituting development
  • developments.
  • develops.
  • deviated.
  • deviation - noun deviate behavior;  the error of a compass due to local magnetic disturbances;  the difference between an observed value and the expected value of a variable or function;  a variation that deviates from the standard or norm;  a turning aside (of your course or attention or concern)
  • deviations.
  • device - noun any clever maneuver;  an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose;  an emblematic design (especially in heraldry); any ornamental pattern or design (as in embroidery);  something in an artistic work designed to achieve a particular effect
  • devices - noun an inclination or desire; used in the plural in the phrase `left to your own devices'
  • devoid - adj. completely lacking;  completely wanting or lacking
  • dexamethasone - noun a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
  • dexfenfluramine.
  • dexmetomidine.
  • dextromethorphan.
  • dextropropoxyphene.
  • dextrose - noun an isomer of glucose that is found in honey and sweet fruits
  • dg - noun 1/10 gram
  • dhcc.
  • dhea.
  • dhesi.
  • diabetes - noun any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
  • diabetic - adj. suffering from diabetes;  of or relating to or causing diabetes;  noun someone who has diabetes
  • diabetics.
  • diacetyl-morphine.
  • diacetylmorphine - noun a narcotic that is considered a hard drug; a highly addictive morphine derivative; intravenous injection provides the fastest and most intense rush
  • diagnose - verb determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a diagnostic analysis;  subject to a medical analysis
  • diagnosed.
  • diagnoses.
  • diagnosing - noun identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • diagnosis - noun identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • diagnostic - adj. characteristic or indicative of e.g. a disease; concerned with diagnosis; used for furthering diagnosis
  • diagnostically.
  • dialysis - noun separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes
  • dialyzer - noun a medical instrument for separating substances in solution by unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes
  • diameter - noun the length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference;  a straight line connecting the center of a circle with two points on its perimeter (or the center of a sphere with two points on its surface)
  • diamine - noun any organic compound containing two amino groups
  • diaminodiphenyl.
  • diamorphine.
  • diaphragm - noun a mechanical device in a camera that controls size of aperture of the lens;  electro-acoustic transducer that vibrates to receive or produce sound waves;  a contraceptive device consisting of a flexible dome-shaped cup made of rubber or plastic; it is filled with spermicide and fitted over the uterine cervix; (anatomy) a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities; functions in respiration
  • diarrhoea - noun frequent and watery bowel movements; can be a symptom of infection or food poisoning or colitis or a gastrointestinal tumor
  • diarrhoeal - adj. of or relating to diarrhea
  • diastole - noun the widening of the chambers of the heart between two contractions when the chambers fill with blood
  • diastolic - adj. of or relating to a diastole or happening during a diastole
  • diathesis - noun constitutional predisposition to a particular disease or abnormality
  • diazepam - noun a tranquilizer (trade name Valium) used to relieve anxiety and relax muscles; acts by enhancing the inhibitory actions of the neurotransmitter GABA; can also be used as an anticonvulsant drug in cases of nerve agent poisoning
  • dic.
  • dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane.
  • dicholine.
  • dicitratobismuthate.
  • did.
  • dideoxyinosine.
  • die - noun a device used for shaping metal;  a cutting tool that is fitted into a diestock and used for cutting male (external) screw threads on screws or bolts or pipes or rods;  small cubes with 1 to 6 spots on the faces; used to generate random numbers;  verb suffer spiritual death; be damned (in the religious sense);  disappear or come to an end;  pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life;  lose sparkle or bouquet;  to be on base at the end of an inning, of a player;  cut or shape with a die;  be brought to or as if to the point of death by an intense emotion such as embarrassment, amusement, or shame;  languish as with love or desire;  feel indifferent towards;  suffer or face the pain of death;  stop operating or functioning
  • died.
  • diet - noun the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods);  the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal);  a prescribed selection of foods;  a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan);  verb eat sparingly, for health reasons or to lose weight;  follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons
  • dietary - adj. of or relating to the diet;  noun a regulated daily food allowance
  • diethyldithio-carbamate.
  • diethylstilbestrol - noun a potent estrogen used in medicine and in feed for livestock and poultry
  • diets.
  • differ - verb be different;  be of different opinions
  • difference - noun the quality of being unlike or dissimilar;  a significant change;  a disagreement or argument about something important;  a variation that deviates from the standard or norm;  the number that remains after subtraction; the number that when added to the subtrahend gives the minuend
  • differences.
  • different - adj. differing from all others; not ordinary;  unlike in nature or quality or form or degree;  distinctly separate from the first;  distinct or separate;  marked by dissimilarity
  • differential - adj. relating to or showing a difference;  involving or containing one or more derivatives;  noun a quality that differentiates between similar things;  a bevel gear that permits rotation of two shafts at different speeds; used on the rear axle of automobiles to allow wheels to rotate at different speeds on curves;  the result of mathematical differentiation; the instantaneous change of one quantity relative to another; df(x)/dx
  • differentiate - verb become distinct and acquire a different character;  become different during development;  calculate a derivative; take the derivative;  evolve so as to lead to a new species or develop in a way most suited to the environment;  mark as different;  be a distinctive feature, attribute, or trait; sometimes in a very positive sense
  • differentiated - adj. made different (especially in the course of development) or shown to be different;  exhibiting biological specialization; adapted during development to a specific function or environment
  • differentiating.
  • differentiation - noun the mathematical process of obtaining the derivative of a function;  a discrimination between things as different and distinct;  (biology) the structural adaptation of some body part for a particular function
  • differently - adv. in another and different manner
  • differing.
  • differs.
  • difficile.
  • difficult - adj. not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure;  requiring much effort and trouble;  difficult to manage or control
  • difficulties.
  • difficulty - noun the quality of being difficult;  a factor causing trouble in achieving a positive result or tending to produce a negative result; a condition or state of affairs almost beyond one's ability to deal with and requiring great effort to bear or overcome;  an effort that is inconvenient
  • diffuse - adj. spread out; not concentrated in one place;  lacking conciseness;  (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected;  verb move outward;  cause to become widely known; spread or diffuse through
  • diffusely - adv. in a diffuse manner
  • diffuses.
  • diffusible.
  • diffusion - noun the spread of social institutions (and myths and skills) from one society to another;  (physics) the process of diffusing; the intermingling of molecules in gases and liquids as a result of random thermal agitation;  the act of dispersing or diffusing something;  the property of being diffused or dispersed
  • digested - adj. capable of undergoing digestion
  • digestion - noun learning and coming to understand ideas and information;  the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body;  the process of decomposing organic matter (as in sewage) by bacteria or by chemical action or heat
  • digestive - adj. relating to or having the power to cause or promote digestion;  noun any substance that promotes digestion
  • digital - adj. of a circuit or device that represents magnitudes in digits;  relating to or performed with the fingers;  displaying numbers rather than scale positions
  • digitalis - noun a powerful cardiac stimulant obtained from foxglove; any of several plants of the genus Digitalis
  • digitalization - noun the administration of digitalis for the treatment of certain heart disorders
  • digits.
  • dignity - noun the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect; formality in bearing and appearance;  high office or rank or station
  • digoxin - noun digitalis preparation (trade name Lanoxin) used to treat congestive heart failure or cardiac arrhythmia; helps the heart beat more forcefully
  • dihydrocodeine.
  • dihydrofolic.
  • dihydropteroate.
  • dihydropyridine.
  • dihydropyridines.
  • dihydrotestosterone.
  • dihydroxide.
  • dihydroxy.
  • dihydroxycholecalciferol.
  • dilatation - noun the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions;  the act of expanding an aperture
  • dilate - verb become wider;  add details, as to an account or idea; clarify the meaning of and discourse in a learned way, usually in writing
  • dilated - adj. made wider or larger in all dimensions
  • dilation - noun the act of expanding an aperture;  a lengthy discussion (spoken or written) on a particular topic
  • diltiazem - noun a calcium blocker (trade name Cardizem) used in treating hypertension or angina or heart failure
  • diluent - noun a diluting agent
  • dilute - adj. reduced in strength or concentration or quality or purity; verb lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture;  corrupt, debase, or make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance; often by replacing valuable ingredients with inferior ones
  • diluted - adj. reduced in strength or concentration or quality or purity;  made less strong or severe
  • dilutes.
  • dilution - noun weakening (reducing the concentration) by the addition of water or a thinner;  a diluted solution
  • dilutional.
  • dimer - noun a compound whose molecules are composed of two identical monomers
  • diminish - verb lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of; decrease in size, extent, or range
  • diminished - adj. (of musical intervals) reduction by a semitone of any perfect or minor musical interval;  impaired by diminution;  (of an organ or body part) diminished in size or strength as a result of disease or injury or lack of use;  made to seem smaller or less (especially in worth)
  • diminishes.
  • dinoprostone.
  • dinucleotide.
  • dioctyl.
  • dioralyte.
  • dioxide - noun an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule
  • dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine.
  • dipeptidase.
  • dipeptide.
  • diphenoxylate.
  • diphosphate.
  • diphtheria - noun acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae; marked by the formation of a false membrane in the throat and other air passages causing difficulty in breathing
  • dipivefrine.
  • dipivoxil.
  • diplopia - noun visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects
  • dipping.
  • dipropionate.
  • dipropylacetate.
  • dipti.
  • dipyridamole.
  • direct - adj. lacking compromising or mitigating elements; exact; direct in spatial dimensions; proceeding without deviation or interruption; straight and short;  (of a current) flowing in one direction only;  extended senses; direct in means or manner or behavior or language or action;  similar in nature or effect or relation to another quantity;  moving from west to east on the celestial sphere; or--for planets--around the sun in the same direction as the Earth;  having no intervening persons, agents, conditions;  in precisely the same words used by a writer or speaker;  being an immediate result or consequence;  in a straight unbroken line of descent from parent to child;  adv. without deviation;  verb command with authority;  give directions to; point somebody into a certain direction;  guide the actors in (plays and films);  be in charge of;  plan and direct (a complex undertaking);  specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public;  put an address on (an envelope);  intend (something) to move towards a certain goal;  aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment;  lead, as in the performance of a composition;  direct the course; determine the direction of travelling;  cause to go somewhere;  take somebody somewhere
  • direct-acting.
  • directed - adj. manageable by a supervising agent;  (often used in combination) having a specified direction
  • directions.
  • directly - adv. without deviation;  in a forthright manner; candidly or frankly;  without anyone or anything intervening;  without delay or hesitation; with no time intervening
  • dirithromycin.
  • disability - noun the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
  • disabled - adj. markedly unable to function as a consequence of injury or illness;  so badly injured as to be excused from continuing; noun people collectively who are crippled or otherwise physically handicapped
  • disables.
  • disabling - adj. depriving of legal right; rendering legally disqualified;  that cripples or disables or incapacitates
  • disaccharide - noun any of a variety of carbohydrates that yield two monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
  • disadvantage - noun the quality of having an inferior or less favorable position;  verb put at a disadvantage; hinder, harm
  • disadvantageous - adj. constituting a disadvantage
  • disadvantages.
  • disappear - verb get lost, as without warning or explanation; become less intense and fade away gradually;  cease to exist; become invisible or unnoticeable
  • disappearance - noun the act of leaving secretly or without explanation;  the event of passing out of sight;  ceasing to exist; gradually ceasing to be visible
  • disappeared.
  • disappears.
  • disappointing - adj. not up to expectations
  • disappointingly - adv. in a disappointing manner
  • disaster - noun an act that has disastrous consequences;  an event resulting in great loss and misfortune;  a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune
  • disasters.
  • discharge - noun the act of discharging a gun;  the act of venting; the sudden giving off of energy;  the pouring forth of a fluid;  electrical conduction through a gas in an applied electric field;  any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body;  a substance that is emitted or released;  a formal written statement of relinquishment;  the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart);  verb eliminate (substances) from the body; release from military service;  pour forth or release;  remove the charge from;  become empty or void of its content;  pronounce not guilty of criminal charges;  cause to go off;  go off or discharge;  leave or unload, especially of passengers or cargo;  free from obligations or duties;  complete or carry out
  • discharged - adj. having lost your job;  set free as from prison or duty
  • discharges.
  • discharging.
  • discipline - noun training to improve strength or self-control;  the act of punishing;  the trait of being well behaved;  a system of rules of conduct or method of practice;  a branch of knowledge;  verb punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience;  train by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control
  • disciplines.
  • disclaimer - noun (law) a voluntary repudiation of a person's legal claim to something;  denial of any connection with or knowledge of
  • discoloration - noun the act of changing the natural color of something by making it duller or dingier or unnatural or faded;  a soiled or discolored appearance
  • discolouration - noun the act of changing the natural color of something by making it duller or dingier or unnatural or faded;  a soiled or discolored appearance
  • discomfort - noun an uncomfortable feeling of mental painfulness or distress;  the state of being tense and feeling pain
  • disconcerting - adj. causing an emotional disturbance
  • discontinuation - noun the act of discontinuing or breaking off; an interruption (temporary or permanent)
  • discontinue - verb put an end to a state or an activity;  come or be at an end;  prevent completion
  • discontinued - adj. stopped permanently or temporarily
  • discontinuing.
  • discourage - verb deprive of courage or hope; take away hope from; cause to feel discouraged;  admonish or counsel in terms of someone's behavior;  try to prevent; show opposition to
  • discouraged - adj. lacking in resolution;  made less hopeful or enthusiastic
  • discourages.
  • discover - verb make a discovery;  make a discovery, make a new finding;  see for the first time; make a discovery;  get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally;  identify as in botany or biology, for example;  make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret;  discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of; find unexpectedly
  • discovered - adj. no longer concealed; uncovered as by opening a curtain; `discovered' is archaic and primarily a theater term; discovered or determined by scientific observation
  • discovering.
  • discovery - noun the act of discovering something;  a productive insight;  something that is discovered;  (law) compulsory pretrial disclosure of documents relevant to a case; enables one side in a litigation to elicit information from the other side concerning the facts in the case
  • discreditable - adj. tending to bring discredit or disrepute; blameworthy
  • discrepant - adj. not in agreement;  not compatible with other facts; not in accord
  • discretion - noun the trait of judging wisely and objectively;  knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress;  freedom to act or judge on one's own;  the power of making free choices unconstrained by external agencies;  refined taste; tact
  • discriminate - adj. marked by the ability to see or make fine distinctions;  noting distinctions with nicety;  verb recognize or perceive the difference;  distinguish;  treat differently on the basis of sex or race
  • discriminating - adj. showing or indicating careful judgment and discernment especially in matters of taste;  marked by the ability to see or make fine distinctions;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions
  • discuss - verb speak with others about (something); talk (something) over in detail; have a discussion;  to consider or examine in speech or writing
  • discussed.
  • discussion - noun an extended communication (often interactive) dealing with some particular topic;  an exchange of views on some topic
  • discussions.
  • disease - noun an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • disease-induced.
  • disease-modifying.
  • diseased - adj. caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology
  • diseasemodifying.
  • diseases.
  • disgracefully - adv. in a dishonorable manner or to a dishonorable degree
  • disinhibition.
  • disintegration - noun total destruction;  the spontaneous disintegration of a radioactive substance along with the emission of ionizing radiation;  separation into component parts;  in a decomposed state
  • dismutase.
  • disodium.
  • disopyramide.
  • disorder - noun a disturbance of the peace or of public order; condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning;  a condition in which things are not in their expected places;  verb bring disorder to;  disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
  • disordered - adj. not arranged in order;  lacking orderly continuity; thrown into a state of disarray or confusion
  • disorders.
  • disorientation - noun confusion (usually transient) about where you are and how to proceed; uncertainty as to direction;  a wild delusion (especially one induced by a hallucinogenic drug)
  • dispensing.
  • dispersed - adj. distributed or spread over a considerable extent
  • dispersion - noun the act of dispersing or diffusing something; spreading widely or driving off;  the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume
  • displace - verb force to move;  take the place of;  move (people) forcibly from their homeland into a new and foreign environment;  put out of its usual place, position, or relationship;  remove or force from a position of dwelling previously occupied;  cause to move, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense;  take the place of or have precedence over
  • displaced.
  • displacement - noun act of removing from office or employment;  to move something from its natural environment;  (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that transfers affect or reaction from the original object to some more acceptable one;  (chemistry) a reaction in which an elementary substance displaces and sets free a constituent element from a compound;  act of taking the place of another especially using underhanded tactics;  the act of uniform movement; an event in which something is displaced without rotation
  • displaces.
  • displacing.
  • displays.
  • disposal - noun the act or means of getting rid of something;  a kitchen appliance for disposing of garbage;  the power to use something or someone;  a method of tending to (especially business) matters
  • disposition - noun your usual mood;  a natural or acquired habit or characteristic tendency in a person or thing;  the act or means of getting rid of something;  an attitude of mind especially one that favors one alternative over others
  • disproportionate - adj. not proportionate;  out of proportion
  • disproportionately - adv. to a disproportionate degree;  out of proportion
  • disproved.
  • disregarded - adj. not noticed inadvertently
  • disrupt - verb throw into disorder;  interfere in someone else's activity;  make a break in
  • disrupted - adj. marked by breaks or gaps
  • disrupting.
  • disruption - noun the act of causing disorder;  an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity;  an event that results in a displacement or discontinuity;  a disorderly outburst or tumult
  • disrupts.
  • dissatisfaction - noun the feeling of being displeased and discontent
  • dissected - adj. having one or more incisions reaching nearly to the midrib
  • dissecting.
  • disseminated.
  • dissociates.
  • dissociating.
  • dissociation - noun the act of removing from association; (chemistry) the temporary or reversible process in which a molecule or ion is broken down into smaller molecules or ions;  a state in which some integrated part of a person's life becomes separated from the rest of the personality and functions independently
  • dissociative - adj. tending to produce dissociation
  • dissolution - noun the termination or disintegration of a relationship (between persons or nations);  separation into component parts;  the termination of a meeting;  dissolute indulgence in sensual pleasure; the process of going into solution
  • dissolve - noun (film) a gradual transition from one scene to the next; the next scene is gradually superimposed as the former scene fades out;  verb declare void;  come to an end;  bring the association of to an end or cause to break up;  become or cause to become soft or liquid;  pass into a solution;  cause to go into a solution;  become weaker;  cause to fade away;  lose control emotionally;  cause to lose control emotionally;  stop functioning or cohering as a unit
  • dissolved - adj. (of solid matter) reduced to a liquid form
  • dissolves.
  • distal - adj. situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone;  directed away from the midline or mesial plane of the body
  • distances.
  • distant - adj. apart in space;  separate or apart in time;  separated in space or coming from or going to a distance;  far apart in relevance or relationship;  remote in manner
  • distended - adj. abnormally expanded or increased in size; (`swollen' is sometimes used in combination);  abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas
  • distends.
  • distension - noun the act of expanding by pressure from within;  the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions
  • distention - noun the act of expanding by pressure from within;  the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions
  • distigmine.
  • distinct - adj. recognizable; marked;  easy to perceive; especially clearly outlined;  (often followed by `from') not alike; different in nature or quality;  clearly or sharply defined to the mind;  constituting a separate entity or part
  • distinction - noun a distinguishing difference;  a distinguishing quality;  a discrimination between things as different and distinct; high status importance owing to marked superiority
  • distinctive - adj. of a feature that helps to distinguish a person or thing;  capable of being classified
  • distinctively - adv. in an identifiably distinctive manner
  • distinguish - verb mark as different;  be a distinctive feature, attribute, or trait; sometimes in a very positive sense;  identify as in botany or biology, for example;  make conspicuous or noteworthy; detect with the senses
  • distinguishable - adj. capable of being perceived as different or distinct;  (often followed by `from') not alike; different in nature or quality
  • distinguishing - adj. serving to distinguish or identify a species or group
  • distortion - noun the mistake of misrepresenting the facts;  the act of distorting something so it seems to mean something it was not intended to mean;  a change for the worse;  a change (usually undesired) in the waveform of an acoustic or analog electrical signal; the difference between two measurements of a signal (as between the input and output signal);  an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good image;  a shape resulting from distortion
  • distortions.
  • distress - noun the seizure and holding of property as security for payment of a debt or satisfaction of a claim;  psychological suffering; extreme physical pain;  a state of adversity (danger or affliction or need);  verb cause mental pain to
  • distressed - adj. facing or experiencing financial trouble or difficulty; generalized feeling of distress;  afflicted with or marked by anxious uneasiness or trouble or grief;  suffering severe physical strain or distress
  • distressing - adj. causing distress or worry or anxiety;  bad; unfortunate
  • distribute - verb give out;  administer or bestow, as in small portions; make available;  be mathematically distributive;  be distributed or spread, as in statistical analyses;  spread throughout a given area; cause to become widely known;  distribute or disperse widely;  to arrange in a systematic order;  cause to be distributed
  • distributed - adj. spread out or scattered about or divided up
  • distributes.
  • distributing.
  • distribution - noun the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning;  the commercial activity of transporting and selling goods from a producer to a consumer;  the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume;  (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
  • distributions.
  • disturbance - noun the act of disturbing something or someone; setting something in motion;  a disorderly outburst or tumult;  an unhappy and worried mental state;  a noisy fight;  activity that is an intrusion or interruption;  electrical or acoustic activity that can disturb communication;  (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness
  • disturbances.
  • disturbed - adj. emotionally unstable and having difficulty coping with personal relationships;  having the place or position changed; affected with madness or insanity;  afflicted with or marked by anxious uneasiness or trouble or grief
  • disturbing - adj. causing distress or worry or anxiety
  • disulfiram - noun a drug (trade name Antabuse) used in the treatment of alcoholism; causes nausea and vomiting if alcohol is ingested
  • disulfiramlike.
  • disulphide.
  • diuresis - noun increased secretion of urine; if not due to increased liquid intake or to the action of a diuretic drug it can be a symptom of diabetes mellitus
  • diuretic - noun any substance that tends to increase the flow of urine
  • diuretic-induced.
  • diureticinduced.
  • diuretics.
  • diurnal - adj. having a daily cycle or occurring every day;  belonging to or active during the day
  • divalent - adj. having a valence of two or having two valences
  • diverse - adj. distinctly dissimilar or unlike;  many and different
  • diversion - noun a turning aside (of your course or attention or concern);  an activity that diverts or amuses or stimulates;  an attack calculated to draw enemy defense away from the point of the principal attack
  • diversity - noun the condition or result of being changed;  noticeable heterogeneity
  • diverticular.
  • diverting - adj. providing enjoyment; pleasantly entertaining
  • divide - noun a serious disagreement between two groups of people (typically producing tension or hostility);  a ridge of land that separates two adjacent river systems;  verb perform a division; separate into parts or portions;  force, take, or pull apart;  come apart; make a division or separation;  act as a barrier between; stand between
  • divided - adj. distributed in portions (often equal) on the basis of a plan or purpose;  having a median strip or island between lanes of traffic moving in opposite directions;  separated into parts or pieces
  • divides.
  • division - noun the act or process of dividing;  the act of dividing or partitioning; separation by the creation of a boundary that divides or keeps apart;  an arithmetic operation that is the inverse of multiplication; the quotient of two numbers is computed;  discord that splits a group;  an army unit large enough to sustain combat;  a group of ships of similar type;  a unit of the United States Air Force usually comprising two or more wings;  an administrative unit in government or business;  (botany) taxonomic unit of plants corresponding to a phylum;  (biology) a group of organisms forming a subdivision of a larger category;  one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole;  a league ranked by quality
  • dizziness - noun a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
  • dj - noun a person who announces and plays popular recorded music;  verb comment on music to be played
  • djm.
  • djs.
  • dk.
  • dka.
  • dkf.
  • dkl - noun a metric unit of volume or capacity equal to 10 liters
  • dl - noun a metric unit of volume equal to one tenth of a liter
  • dm - noun a metric unit of length equal to one tenth of a meter; diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
  • dmard.
  • dmards.
  • dmps.
  • dna - noun (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information
  • dnadirected.
  • do - noun the syllable naming the first (tonic) note of any major scale in solmization;  doctor's degree in osteopathy;  an uproarious party; verb create or design, often in a certain way;  travel or traverse (a distance);  carry on or manage;  get (something) done;  proceed or get along;  behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself;  arrange attractively;  give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally;  carry out or perform an action;  engage in;  carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions; be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity;  spend time in prison or in a labor camp
  • dobutamine.
  • docetaxel.
  • docke.
  • docosahexanoic.
  • doctor - noun children take the roles of physician or patient or nurse and pretend they are at the physician's office;  a licensed medical practitioner;  a person who holds Ph.D. degree (or the equivalent) from an academic institution;  (Roman Catholic Church) a title conferred on 33 saints who distinguished themselves through the orthodoxy of their theological teaching;  verb give medical treatment to;  restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken;  alter and make impure, as with the intention to deceive
  • doctors.
  • document - noun anything serving as a representation of a person's thinking by means of symbolic marks;  writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature);  a written account of ownership or obligation;  (computer science) a computer file that contains text (and possibly formatting instructions) using seven-bit ASCII characters;  verb support or supply with references; record in detail
  • documented - adj. furnished with or supported by documents; officially documented;  established as genuine
  • does.
  • dofetilide.
  • dogs.
  • doing.
  • dolasetron.
  • dollar - noun a symbol of commercialism or greed;  a United States coin worth one dollar;  a piece of paper money worth one dollar;  the basic monetary unit in many countries; equal to 100 cents
  • dollery.
  • domain - noun a knowledge domain that you are interested in or are communicating about;  territory over which rule or control is exercised;  the set of values of the independent variable for which a function is defined;  people in general; especially a distinctive group of people with some shared interest;  a particular environment or walk of life
  • domains.
  • dominant - adj. exercising influence or control;  (of genes) producing the same phenotype whether its allele is identical or dissimilar;  noun(music) the fifth note of the diatonic scale;  an allele that produces the same phenotype whether its paired allele is identical or different
  • domperidone.
  • don - noun a Spanish courtesy title or form of address for men that is prefixed to the forename;  a European river in southwestern Russia; flows into the Sea of Azov;  Celtic goddess; mother of Gwydion and Arianrhod; corresponds to Irish Danu;  a Spanish gentleman or nobleman;  the head of an organized crime family; teacher at a university or college (especially at Cambridge or Oxford);  verb put clothing on one's body
  • donaghey.
  • done - adj. cooked until ready to serve;  having finished or arrived at completion
  • donepezil.
  • donnell.
  • donor - noun person who makes a gift of property;  (medicine) someone who gives blood or tissue or an organ to be used in another person (the host)
  • donors.
  • doomed - adj. marked for certain death;  (usually followed by `to') determined by tragic fate;  marked by or promising bad fortune;  in danger of the eternal punishment of hell;  noun people who are destined to die soon
  • door - noun a swinging or sliding barrier that will close the entrance to a room or building or vehicle;  a room that is entered via a door;  a structure where people live or work (usually ordered along a street or road);  anything providing a means of access (or escape);  the entrance (the space in a wall) through which you enter or leave a room or building; the space that a door can close
  • dopa - noun amino acid that is formed in the liver and converted into dopamine in the brain
  • dopa-decarboxylase.
  • dopamine - noun a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension
  • dopamine-producing.
  • dopamine-receptor.
  • dopaminergic.
  • dornhorst.
  • dorsal - adj. belonging to or on or near the back or upper surface of an animal or organ or part;  facing away from the axis of an organ or organism
  • dorsolateral.
  • dorzolamide.
  • dosage - noun the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time
  • dosages.
  • dose - noun a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time; the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time;  street name for lysergic acid diethylamide;  a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact;  verb treat with an agent; add (an agent) to;  administer a drug to
  • dose-dependent.
  • dose-independent.
  • dose-limiting.
  • dose-related.
  • dosenormalized.
  • doserelated.
  • doses.
  • dosing.
  • dosulepin.
  • dot - noun the shorter of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code;  street name for lysergic acid diethylamide;  the United States federal department that institutes and coordinates national transportation programs; created in 1966;  a very small circular shape;  verb mark with a dot;  make a dot or dots;  scatter or intersperse like dots or studs;  distribute loosely
  • dothiepin.
  • dotted - adj. having a pattern of dots;  having gaps or spaces
  • double - adj. having two meanings with intent to deceive;  large enough for two;  twice as great or many;  consisting of or involving two parts or components usually in pairs;  having more than one decidedly dissimilar aspects or qualities;  used of flowers having more than the usual number of petals in crowded or overlapping arrangements;  used of homologous chromosomes associated in pairs in synapsis;  adv. two together;  downward and forward;  to double the degree;  noun a base hit on which the batter stops safely at second base;  a quantity that is twice as great as another; someone who closely resembles a famous person (especially an actor);  a stand-in for movie stars to perform dangerous stunts; raising the stakes in a card game by a factor of 2;  verb increase twofold;  hit a two-base hit;  do double duty; serve two purposes or have two functions;  bridge: make a demand for (a card or suit); make or do or perform again;  bend over or curl up, usually with laughter or pain
  • double blind - noun a test procedure in which the identity of those receiving the intervention is concealed from both the administrators and the subjects until after the test is completed; designed to reduce or eliminate bias in the results
  • double-deletion.
  • doubleblind.
  • doubled - adj. twice as great or many
  • doubles - noun tennis played with two players on each side; badminton played with two players on each side
  • doublestranded.
  • doubling - noun raising the stakes in a card game by a factor of 2; increase by a factor of two
  • doubt - noun uncertainty about the truth or factuality of existence of something;  the state of being unsure of something;  verb consider unlikely or have doubts about;  lack confidence in or have doubts about
  • doubtful - adj. fraught with uncertainty or doubt;  open to doubt or suspicion;  unsettled in mind or opinion
  • doughnut-shaped - adj. shaped like a ring
  • down - adj. not functioning (temporarily or permanently);  shut; understood perfectly;  being put out by a strikeout;  extending or moving from a higher to a lower place;  becoming progressively lower;  being or moving lower in position or less in some value;  low in spirits;  lower than previously;  adv. spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position;  away from a more central or a more northerly place;  paid in cash at time of purchase;  in an inactive or inoperative state;  to a lower intensity;  from an earlier time;  noun(American football) a complete play to advance the football;  soft fine feathers;  fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs);  (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil;  English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896);  verb bring down or defeat (an opponent);  cause to come or go down;  shoot at and force to come down;  improve or perfect by pruning or polishing;  eat immoderately;  drink down entirely
  • down-regulation.
  • download - verb transfer a file or program from a central computer to a smaller computer or to a computer at a remote location
  • downplays.
  • downregulate.
  • downregulation.
  • downstream - adj. in the direction of a stream's current;  adv. away from the source or with the current
  • downward - adj. extending or moving from a higher to a lower place;  adv. spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position
  • doxazosin.
  • doxepin - noun a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Adapin and Sinequan) with numerous side effects (dry mouth and sedation and gastrointestinal disturbances)
  • doxorubicin - noun an antibiotic used as an anticancer drug
  • doxycycline - noun an antibiotic derived from tetracycline that is effective against many infections
  • dphil - noun a British doctorate
  • dr.
  • drain - noun emptying something accomplished by allowing liquid to run out of it;  a gradual depletion of energy or resources;  a pipe through which liquid is carried away;  tube inserted into a body cavity (as during surgery) to remove unwanted material;  verb empty of liquid; drain the liquid from;  deplete of resources;  flow off gradually; make weak
  • drainage - noun emptying something accomplished by allowing liquid to run out of it
  • drake - noun adult male of a wild or domestic duck;  English explorer and admiral who was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe and who helped to defeat the Spanish Armada (1540-1596)
  • dramatic - adj. suitable to or characteristic of drama;  sensational in appearance or thrilling in effect;  used of a singer or singing voice that is marked by power and expressiveness and a histrionic or theatrical style;  pertaining to or characteristic of drama
  • dramatically - adv. in a dramatic manner;  with respect to dramatic value;  in a very impressive manner
  • drank.
  • drastically - adv. in a drastic manner
  • drawbacks.
  • drawing - noun act of getting or draining something such as electricity or a liquid from a source;  the creation of artistic pictures or diagrams;  a representation of forms or objects on a surface by means of lines;  an illustration that is drawn by hand and published in a book or magazine;  the act of moving a load by drawing or pulling; players buy (or are given) chances and prizes are distributed by casting lots
  • drawn - adj. having the curtains or draperies closed or pulled shut; used of vehicles pulled forward (often used in combination);  showing the wearing effects of overwork or care or suffering
  • dreaming - noun a series of mental images and emotions occurring during sleep;  imaginative thoughts indulged in while awake
  • dreams.
  • dressing - noun the act of applying a bandage;  the activity of getting dressed; putting on clothes;  processes in the conversion of rough hides into leather;  a cloth covering for a wound or sore;  savory dressings for salads; basically of two kinds: either the thin French or vinaigrette type or the creamy mayonnaise type;  making fertile as by applying fertilizer or manure;  a mixture of seasoned ingredients used to stuff meats and vegetables
  • dressings.
  • drg.
  • dried - adj. preserved by removing natural moisture;  not still wet
  • drink - noun the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess;  a single serving of a beverage;  any large deep body of water;  the act of swallowing;  any liquid suitable for drinking;  verb take in liquids; consume alcohol;  drink excessive amounts of alcohol; be an alcoholic;  be fascinated or spell-bound by; pay close attention to; propose a toast to
  • drinking - noun the act of consuming liquids;  the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess
  • drinks.
  • drip - noun (architecture) a projection from a cornice or sill designed to protect the area below from rainwater (as over a window or doorway);  the sound of a liquid falling drop by drop;  flowing in drops; the formation and falling of drops of liquid;  verb fall in drops;  let or cause to fall in drops
  • drive - noun the act of applying force to propel something;  a journey in a vehicle (usually an automobile);  the act of driving a herd of animals overland;  (sports) a hard straight return (as in tennis or squash);  hitting a golf ball off of a tee with a driver;  a wide scenic road planted with trees;  a mechanism by which force or power is transmitted in a machine;  (computer science) a device that writes data onto or reads data from a storage medium;  the trait of being highly motivated;  a physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire;  a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end;  a road leading up to a private house;  verbmove into a desired direction of discourse;  hunting: chase from cover into more open ground;  hunting: search for game;  cause to function by supplying the force or power for or by controlling; excavate horizontally;  hit very hard and straight with the bat swinging more or less vertically;  strike with a driver, as in teeing off; cause to move rapidly by striking or throwing with force;  push, propel, or press with force;  compel somebody to do something, often against his own will or judgment;  travel or be transported in a vehicle;  proceed along in a vehicle;  operate or control a vehicle; urge forward;  cause someone or something to move by driving; move by being propelled by a force;  work as a driver;  to compel or force or urge relentlessly or exert coercive pressure on, or motivate strongly;  have certain properties when driven;  cause to move back by force or influence;  force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;  strive and make an effort to reach a goal
  • driver - noun a golf club (a wood) with a near vertical face that is used for hitting long shots from the tee;  (computer science) a program that determines how a computer will communicate with a peripheral device;  the operator of a motor vehicle;  a golfer who hits the golf ball with a driver;  someone who drives animals that pull a vehicle
  • driving - adj. having the power of driving or impelling;  acting with vigor;  noun the act of controlling and steering the movement of a vehicle or animal;  hitting a golf ball off of a tee with a driver
  • drolet.
  • drop - noun the act of dropping something;  a central depository where things can be left or picked up;  a sudden sharp decrease in some quantity;  a free and rapid descent by the force of gravity;  a predetermined hiding place for the deposit and distribution of illicit goods (such as drugs or stolen property);  a small indefinite quantity (especially of a liquid);  a shape that is spherical and small;  a curtain that can be lowered and raised onto a stage from the flies; often used as background scenery;  a steep high face of rock;  verb give birth; used for animals;  stop pursuing or acting;  go down in value; change from one level to another;  utter casually;  lose (a game); leave or unload, especially of passengers or cargo;  to fall vertically; let fall to the ground;  terminate an association with;  grow worse; lower the pitch of (musical notes);  leave undone or leave out;  cause to fall by or as if by delivering a blow;  get rid of;  let or cause to fall in drops;  fall or drop to a lower place or level;  pay out;  stop associating with;  hang freely
  • drop out - verb give up in the face of defeat of lacking hope; admit defeat;  leave school or an educational program prematurely
  • droperidol.
  • droplets.
  • dropping - adj. coming down freely under the influence of gravity
  • drops.
  • dropsy - noun swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • drospirenone.
  • drotrecogin.
  • drowsiness - noun a very sleepy state
  • drowsy - adj. showing lack of attention or boredom;  half asleep
  • drug - noun a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic;  verbadminister a drug to;  use recreational drugs
  • drug-associated.
  • drug-binding.
  • drug-eluting.
  • drug-induced.
  • drug-metabolizing.
  • drug-monitoring.
  • drug-related.
  • drug-resistant.
  • drug-sensitive.
  • druga.
  • drugelimination.
  • druginduced.
  • drugmetabolizing.
  • drugs.
  • dry - adj. practicing complete abstinence from alcoholic beverages; lacking warmth or emotional involvement;  having a large proportion of strong liquor;  without a mucous or watery discharge;  humorously sarcastic or mocking;  (of food) eaten without a spread or sauce or other garnish;  having no adornment or coloration;  unproductive especially of the expected results;  used of solid substances in contrast with liquid ones;  lacking interest or stimulation; dull and lifeless;  (of liquor) having a low residual sugar content because of decomposition of sugar during fermentation;  not shedding tears;  free from liquid or moisture; lacking natural or normal moisture or depleted of water; or no longer wet;  not producing milk;  opposed to or prohibiting the production and sale of alcoholic beverages;  lacking moisture or volatile components;  noun a reformer who opposes the use of intoxicating beverages;  verb remove the moisture from and make dry;  become dry or drier
  • dryness - noun the condition of not containing or being covered by a liquid (especially water);  objectivity and detachment;  moderation in or abstinence from alcohol or other drugs
  • drypowder.
  • ds - noun an honorary degree in science;  the bureau in the State Department that is responsible for the security of diplomats and embassies overseas;  a radioactive transuranic element
  • dt.
  • du.
  • dubious - adj. not convinced;  fraught with uncertainty or doubt; open to doubt or suspicion
  • ducharme.
  • duchenne.
  • duct - noun an enclosed conduit for a fluid;  a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance;  a continuous tube formed by a row of elongated cells lacking intervening end walls
  • ductal.
  • ducts.
  • ductus.
  • ductus-dependent.
  • due - adj. owed and payable immediately or on demand;  suitable to or expected in the circumstances;  scheduled to arrive;  adv. directly or exactly; straight;  noun that which is deserved or owed;  a payment that is due (e.g., as the price of membership)
  • dukes.
  • dullness - noun without sharpness or clearness of edge or point; lack of sensibility;  a lack of visual brightness;  the quality of lacking interestingness;  the quality of being slow to understand
  • duloxetine.
  • dummy - adj. having the appearance of being real but lacking capacity to function;  noun a figure representing the human form;  a person who does not talk;  a cartridge containing an explosive charge but no bullet;  an ignorant or foolish person;  verb make a dummy of
  • duncan - noun United States dancer and pioneer of modern dance (1878-1927)
  • dundee.
  • dunitz.
  • dunlop.
  • dunner.
  • duodenal - adj. in or relating to the duodenum
  • duodenum - noun the part of the small intestine between the stomach and the jejunum
  • duplication - noun the act of copying or making a duplicate (or duplicates) of something;  a copy that corresponds to an original exactly
  • duration - noun continuance in time;  the property of enduring or continuing in time;  the period of time during which something continues
  • durations.
  • during.
  • durrington.
  • dutasteride.
  • duties.
  • dvt.
  • dw.
  • dwarfing.
  • dwarfism - noun a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
  • dydrogesterone.
  • dyes.
  • dynorphins.
  • dysarthria - noun impaired articulatory ability resulting from defects in the peripheral motor nerves or in the speech musculature
  • dyschezia - noun difficulty in defecating (usually as a consequence of long continued voluntary suppression of the urge to defecate)
  • dyscrasia - noun an abnormal or physiologically unbalanced state of the body
  • dyscrasias.
  • dysentery - noun an infection of the intestines marked by severe diarrhea
  • dysfunction - noun (medicine) any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part
  • dysgeusia.
  • dyskinesia - noun abnormality in performing voluntary muscle movements
  • dyskinesias.
  • dyslipidaemia.
  • dyslipidaemias.
  • dyslipidaemic.
  • dysmenorrhoea.
  • dyspepsia - noun a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea
  • dysphagia - noun condition in which swallowing is difficult or painful
  • dysphonia - noun speech disorder attributable to a disorder of phonation
  • dysphoria - noun abnormal depression and discontent
  • dysplasia - noun abnormal development (of organs or cells) or an abnormal structure resulting from such growth
  • dyspnoea - noun difficult or labored respiration
  • dyspnoeic - adj. not breathing or able to breathe except with difficulty
  • dysregulation.
  • dysrhythmia.
  • dysrhythmias.
  • dysrhythmic.
  • dysrhythmogenic.
  • dysrrythmias.
  • dysrythymias.
  • dystonia.
  • dystonias.
  • dystonic.
  • dystrophy - noun any degenerative disorder resulting from inadequate or faulty nutrition;  any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
  • dysuria - noun painful or difficult urination

Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

E

  • e - noun the 5th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the base of the natural system of logarithms; approximately equal to 2.718282...;  the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees;  a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons;  a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • each - adj. (used of count nouns) every one considered individually; adv. to or from every one of two or more (considered individually)
  • eam.
  • ear - noun the sense organ for hearing and equilibrium;  good hearing;  attention to what is said;  fruiting spike of a cereal plant especially corn;  the externally visible cartilaginous structure of the external ear
  • eardrops.
  • earlier - adj. (comparative and superlative of `early') more early than; most early;  adv. earlier in time; previously;  before now; comparatives of `soon' or `early'
  • earliest - adj. (comparative and superlative of `early') more early than; most early;  adv. with the least delay
  • early - adj. at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time;  being or occurring at an early stage of development;  of an early stage in the development of a language or literature;  very young;  belonging to the distant past; expected in the near future;  adv. before the usual time or the time expected;  in good time;  during an early stage
  • early-onset.
  • early-phase.
  • ease - noun freedom from difficulty or hardship or effort;  freedom from constraint or embarrassment;  a freedom from financial difficulty that promotes a comfortable state;  freedom from activity (work or strain or responsibility);  the condition of being comfortable or relieved (especially after being relieved of distress);  verb move gently or carefully;  lessen pain or discomfort; alleviate;  make easier; lessen the intensity of or calm
  • easier.
  • easiest-case.
  • easily - adv. without question;  with ease (`easy' is sometimes used informally for `easily');  indicating high probability; in all likelihood
  • east - adj. situated in or facing or moving toward the east;  adv. to, toward, or in the east;  noun the countries of Asia;  the region of the United States lying north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River;  the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees
  • easy - adj. obtained with little effort or sacrifice, often obtained illegally;  less in demand and therefore readily obtainable;  casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior;  affording comfort;  not strict;  posing no difficulty; requiring little effort;  free from worry or anxiety;  marked by moderate steepness;  having little impact;  not hurried or forced; affording pleasure;  readily exploited or tricked;  in fortunate circumstances financially; moderately rich;  adv. in a relaxed manner; or without hardship;  with ease (`easy' is sometimes used informally for `easily');  without speed (`slow' is sometimes used informally for `slowly')
  • eat - verb eat a meal; take a meal;  take in solid food;  worry or cause anxiety in a persistent way;  cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid;  use up (resources or materials);  take in food; used of animals only
  • eating - noun the act of consuming food
  • ebmeier.
  • ec - noun an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
  • ecg - noun a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • ecg-lvh.
  • echinacea - noun small genus of North American coarse perennial herbs
  • echinocandin.
  • echinocandins.
  • echo - noun the persistence of a sound after its source has stopped; a reply that repeats what has just been said;  (Greek mythology) a nymph who was spurned by Narcissus and pined away until only her voice remained;  verb call to mind;  to say again or imitate;  ring or echo with sound
  • echocardiogram - noun a graphical image of the heart produced by an echocardiograph
  • echocardiography - noun a noninvasive diagnostic procedure that uses ultrasound to study to structure and motions of the heart
  • eclampsia - noun a toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly coma during or immediately after pregnancy
  • eclamptic.
  • ecological - adj. of or relating to the science of ecology; characterized by the interdependence of living organisms in an environment
  • econazole.
  • economical - adj. avoiding waste;  using the minimum of time or resources necessary for effectiveness;  of or relating to an economy, the system of production and management of material wealth
  • economically - adv. with respect to economic science;  with respect to the economic system
  • ecotoxicology.
  • ecstasy - noun a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion;  a state of elated bliss;  street names for methylenedioxymethamphetamine
  • ect - noun the administration of a strong electric current that passes through the brain to induce convulsions and coma
  • ectopic - adj. exhibiting ectopia
  • ectopics.
  • eczema - noun generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin; particularly with vesiculation in the acute stages
  • ed - noun impotence resulting from a man's inability to have or maintain an erection of his penis
  • edinburgh - noun the capital of Scotland; located in the Lothian Region on the south side of the Firth of Forth
  • edition - noun the form in which a text (especially a printed book) is published;  an issue of a newspaper;  all of the identical copies of something offered to the public at the same time;  something a little different from others of the same type
  • editions.
  • editor - noun a person responsible for the editorial aspects of publication; the person who determines the final content of a text (especially of a newspaper or magazine);  (computer science) a program designed to perform such editorial functions as rearrangement or modification or deletion of data
  • editorial - adj. of or relating to an article stating opinions or giving perspectives;  relating to or characteristic of an editor;  noun an article giving opinions or perspectives
  • edn.
  • edrophonium.
  • eds - noun a rapid automatic system to detect plastic explosives in passengers' luggage using X-ray technology and computers; designed for use in airports
  • edu.
  • education - noun the profession of teaching (especially at a school or college or university);  the activities of educating or instructing; activities that impart knowledge or skill;  the result of good upbringing (especially knowledge of correct social behavior);  the gradual process of acquiring knowledge;  knowledge acquired by learning and instruction;  the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with education (including federal aid to educational institutions and students); created 1979
  • edward - noun son of Edward III who defeated the French at Crecy and Poitiers in the Hundred Years' War (1330-1376);  third son of Elizabeth II (born in 1964);  King of England from 1272 to 1307; conquered Wales (1239-1307);  King of England from 1307 to 1327 and son of Edward I; was defeated at Bannockburn by the Scots led by Robert the Bruce; was deposed and died in prison (1284-1327); son of Edward II and King of England from 1327-1377; his claim to the French throne provoked the Hundred Years' War; his reign was marked by an epidemic of the Black Plague and by the emergence of the House of Commons as the powerful arm of British Parliament (1312-1377);  King of England from 1461 to 1470 and from 1471 to 1483; was dethroned in 1470 but regained the throne in 1471 by his victory at the battle of Tewkesbury (1442-1483);  King of England who was crowned at the age of 13 on the death of his father Edward IV but was immediately confined to the Tower of London where he and his younger brother were murdered (1470-1483);  King of England and Ireland from 1547 to 1553; son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour; died of tuberculosis (1537-1553);  King of England from 1901 to 1910; son of Victoria and Prince Albert; famous for his elegant sporting ways (1841-1910);  King of England and Ireland in 1936; his marriage to Wallis Warfield Simpson created a constitutional crisis leading to his abdication (1894-1972)
  • edwards - noun American theologian whose sermons and writings stimulated a period of renewed interest in religion in America (1703-1758)
  • eeg - noun a graphical record of electrical activity of the brain; produced by an electroencephalograph
  • efavirenz.
  • effect - noun (of a law) having legal validity;  an impression (especially one that is artificial or contrived);  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work;  a symptom caused by an illness or a drug;  an outward appearance;  a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon;  verb produce;  act so as to bring into existence
  • effected - adj. settled securely and unconditionally
  • effective - adj. existing in fact; not theoretical; real;  able to accomplish a purpose; functioning effectively;  exerting force or influence;  producing or capable of producing an intended result or having a striking effect;  works well as a means or remedy;  ready for service
  • effectively - adv. in actuality or reality or fact;  in an effective manner
  • effectiveness - noun power to be effective; the quality of being able to bring about an effect;  capacity to produce strong physiological or chemical effects
  • effector - noun an organ (a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to nerve impulses;  a nerve fiber that terminates on a muscle or gland and stimulates contraction or secretion;  one who brings about a result or event; one who accomplishes a purpose
  • effects - noun property of a personal character that is portable but not used in business
  • efferent - adj. of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying information away from the CNS;  noun a nerve that conveys impulses toward or to muscles or glands
  • efferents.
  • effervescent - adj. (of a liquid) giving off bubbles;  marked by high spirits or excitement;  used of wines and waters; charged naturally or artificially with carbon dioxide
  • efficacious - adj. marked by qualities giving the power to produce an intended effect;  producing or capable of producing an intended result or having a striking effect
  • efficacy - noun capacity or power to produce a desired effect
  • efficiency - noun skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort;  the ratio of the output to the input of any system
  • efficient - adj. being effective without wasting time or effort or expense;  able to accomplish a purpose; functioning effectively
  • efficiently - adv. in an efficient manner
  • efflux - noun the process of flowing out
  • effort - noun use of physical or mental energy; hard work;  a notable achievement;  earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something;  a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end
  • efforts.
  • eg.
  • egfr.
  • egg - noun animal reproductive body consisting of an ovum or embryo together with nutritive and protective envelopes; especially the thin-shelled reproductive body laid by e.g. female birds;  oval reproductive body of a fowl (especially a hen) used as food;  one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens;  verb coat with beaten egg;  throw eggs at
  • egg-based.
  • egger - noun moth having nonfunctional mouthparts as adults; larvae feed on tree foliage and spin egg-shaped cocoons
  • eggs - noun oval reproductive body of a fowl (especially a hen) used as food
  • egyptians.
  • eh.
  • eicosanoids.
  • eicosapentanoic.
  • eight - adj. being one more than seven;  noun the cardinal number that is the sum of seven and one;  a group of United States painters founded in 1907 and noted for their realistic depictions of sordid aspects of city life
  • eight-day - adj. lasting for eight days
  • eight-hourly.
  • eight-month-old.
  • eighth - adj. coming next after the seventh and just before the ninth in position;  noun position eight in a countable series of things;  one part in eight equal parts
  • either - adv. after a negative statement used as an intensive meaning something like `likewise' or `also'
  • ej.
  • ejaculation - noun an abrupt emphatic exclamation expressing emotion;  the discharge of semen in males
  • ejection - noun the act of forcing out someone or something;  the act of expelling or projecting or ejecting
  • el - noun a railway that is powered by electricity and that runs on a track that is raised above the street level;  angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
  • elaborate - adj. marked by complexity and richness of detail; developed or executed with care and in minute detail;  verb work out in detail;  add details, as to an account or idea; clarify the meaning of and discourse in a learned way, usually in writing;  produce from basic elements or sources; change into a more developed product; make more complex, intricate, or richer
  • elapse - verb pass by
  • elapsed - adj. (of time) having passed or slipped by
  • elastase - noun a pancreatic enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of elastin
  • elastic - adj. capable of resuming original shape after stretching or compression; springy;  able to adjust readily to different conditions; noun a fabric made of yarns containing an elastic material;  a narrow band of elastic rubber used to hold things (such as papers) together
  • elation - noun a feeling of joy and pride;  an exhilarating psychological state of pride and optimism; an absence of depression
  • elderly - adj. advanced in years; (`aged' is pronounced as two syllables);  noun people who are old collectively
  • elective - adj. subject to popular election;  not compulsory;  noun a course that the student can select from among alternatives
  • electric - adj. affected by emotion as if by electricity; thrilling;  (of a situation) exceptionally tense;  using or providing or producing or transmitting or operated by electricity;  noun a car that is powered by electricity
  • electrical - adj. relating to or concerned with electricity;  using or providing or producing or transmitting or operated by electricity
  • electrocardiogram - noun a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • electrocardiographic - adj. of or relating to an electrocardiograph
  • electrocardiographically.
  • electrocardiography - noun diagnostic procedure consisting of recording the activity of the heart electronically with a cardiograph (and producing a cardiogram)
  • electroconvulsive.
  • electrode - noun a conductor used to make electrical contact with some part of a circuit
  • electroencephalogram - noun a graphical record of electrical activity of the brain; produced by an electroencephalograph
  • electrolade.
  • electrolyte - noun a solution that conducts electricity
  • electrolyte-rich.
  • electrolytes.
  • electromechanical - adj. of or relating to or involving an electrically operated mechanical device
  • electromyography - noun diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders with the use of an electromyograph
  • electron - noun an elementary particle with negative charge
  • electronic - adj. of or relating to electronics; concerned with or using devices that operate on principles governing the behavior of electrons;  of or concerned with electrons
  • electrophysiological.
  • electrophysiologist.
  • element - noun the most favorable environment for a plant or animal;  a straight line that generates a cylinder or cone;  the situation in which you are happiest and most effective;  one of four substances thought in ancient and medieval cosmology to constitute the physical universe;  an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system;  an abstract part of something;  any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
  • elemental - adj. relating to or being an element;  relating to severe atmospheric conditions;  of or being the essential or basic part
  • elements - noun violent or severe weather (viewed as caused by the action of the four elements)
  • elevate - verb raise in rank or condition;  raise from a lower to a higher position;  give a promotion to or assign to a higher position
  • elevated - adj. raised above the ground;  raised above ground level; on elevated rails;  noun a railway that is powered by electricity and that runs on a track that is raised above the street level
  • elevation - noun drawing of an exterior of a structure;  (ballet) the height of a dancer's leap or jump;  distance of something above a reference point (such as sea level);  the event of something being raised upward;  angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object);  the act of increasing the wealth or prestige or power or scope of something;  a raised or elevated geological formation;  the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
  • elevations.
  • elicit - verb derive by reason;  deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning);  call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses)
  • eliciting.
  • elicits.
  • elimin-ation.
  • eliminate - verb kill in large numbers;  terminate or take out;  remove (an unknown variable) from two or more equations;  remove from a contest or race;  eliminate from the body;  dismiss from consideration or a contest;  do away with
  • eliminated.
  • eliminates.
  • elimination - noun the murder of a competitor;  the act of removing or getting rid of something;  the act of removing an unknown mathematical quantity by combining equations;  analysis of a problem into alternative possibilities followed by the systematic rejection of unacceptable alternatives;  the bodily process of discharging waste matter
  • elixir - noun a substance believed to cure all ills;  a sweet flavored liquid (usually containing a small amount of alcohol) used in compounding medicines to be taken by mouth in order to mask an unpleasant taste;  a hypothetical substance that the alchemists believed to be capable of changing base metals into gold
  • elixirs.
  • elliott.
  • ellison - noun United States novelist who wrote about a young Black man and his struggles in American society (1914-1994)
  • elongation - noun the act of lengthening something;  an addition to the length of something;  the quality of being elongated
  • else - adj. other than what is under consideration or implied;  adv.(usually used with `or') if not, then;  additional to or different from this one or place or time or manner
  • elsevier.
  • elseviers.
  • elsewhere - adv. in or to another place
  • elucidated.
  • elutes.
  • em - noun a linear unit (1/6 inch) used in printing;  the square of a body of any size of type
  • embarking.
  • embolism - noun occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus (a loose clot or air bubble or other particle);  an insertion into a calendar
  • embolization.
  • embolus - noun an abnormal particle (e.g. an air bubble or part of a clot) circulating in the blood
  • embryo - noun an animal organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation that in higher forms merge into fetal stages but in lower forms terminate in commencement of larval life;  (botany) a minute rudimentary plant contained within a seed or an archegonium
  • embryogenesis.
  • embryonic - adj. in an early stage of development;  of an organism prior to birth or hatching
  • emea.
  • emergence - noun the act of emerging;  the becoming visible;  the gradual beginning or coming forth;  the act of coming (or going) out; becoming apparent
  • emergencies.
  • emergency - noun a sudden unforeseen crisis (usually involving danger) that requires immediate action;  a state in which martial law applies;  a brake operated by hand; usually operates by mechanical linkage
  • emerging - adj. coming to maturity;  coming into view;  coming into existence
  • emeritus - adj. honorably retired from assigned duties and retaining your title along with the additional title `emeritus' as in `professor emeritus'; `retired from assigned duties' need not imply that one is inactive;  noun a professor or minister who is retired from assigned duties
  • emesis - noun the reflex act of ejecting the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • emetic - noun a medicine that induces nausea and vomiting
  • emetogenic.
  • emission - noun the act of emitting; causing to flow forth;  the occurrence of a flow of water (as from a pipe);  the release of electrons from parent atoms;  any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body;  a substance that is emitted or released
  • emla.
  • emmerson.
  • emotion - noun any strong feeling
  • emotional - adj. of more than usual emotion;  determined or actuated by emotion rather than reason;  of or pertaining to emotion; (of persons) excessively affected by emotion;  extravagantly demonstrative
  • emphasis - noun special and significant stress by means of position or repetition e.g.;  special importance or significance;  intensity or forcefulness of expression;  the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch)
  • emphasize - verb to stress, single out as important;  give extra weight to (a communication)
  • emphasized - adj. spoken with emphasis
  • emphasizes.
  • emphysema - noun an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
  • empirical - adj. derived from experiment and observation rather than theory;  relying on medical quackery
  • empirically - adv. in an empirical manner
  • empiricism - noun the application of empirical methods in any art or science;  (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience;  medical practice and advice based on observation and experience in ignorance of scientific findings
  • employ - noun the state of being employed or having a job;  verb put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose;  engage or hire for work
  • employed - adj. having your services engaged for; or having a job especially one that pays wages or a salary;  put to use
  • employing.
  • empty - adj. holding or containing nothing;  emptied of emotion; needing nourishment;  devoid of significance or point;  having nothing inside;  noun a container that has been emptied;  verb become empty or void of its content;  make void or empty of contents;  remove; excrete or discharge from the body;  leave behind empty; move out of
  • emptying - noun the act of removing the contents of something
  • empyema - noun a collection of pus in a body cavity (especially in the lung cavity)
  • emulsion - noun a light-sensitive coating on paper or film; consists of fine grains of silver bromide suspended in a gelatin;  (chemistry) a colloid in which both phases are liquids
  • emulsions.
  • enable - verb render capable or able for some task
  • enabled.
  • enables.
  • enabling - adj. providing legal power or sanction
  • enalapril - noun an ACE inhibitor (trade name Vasotec) that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidney and so results in vasodilation; administered after heart attacks
  • enalaprilat.
  • enamel - noun any smooth glossy coating that resembles ceramic glaze;  a paint that dries to a hard glossy finish;  hard white substance covering the crown of a tooth;  a colored glassy compound (opaque or partially opaque) that is fused to the surface of metal or glass or pottery for decoration or protection;  verb coat, inlay, or surface with enamel
  • enantiomer - noun either one of a pair of compounds (crystals or molecules) that are mirror images on each other but are not identical
  • enantiomeric.
  • enantiomers.
  • encainide - noun antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Enkaid) used to treat life-threatening arrhythmias but increases the risk of sudden death in heart attack patients
  • encephalin.
  • encephalins.
  • encephalitides.
  • encephalopathy - noun any disorder or disease of the brain
  • encoded.
  • encodes.
  • encoding - noun the activity of converting from plain text into code
  • encompassed.
  • encompasses.
  • encountered.
  • encourage - verb spur on;  inspire with confidence; give hope or courage to;  contribute to the progress or growth of
  • encouraged - adj. inspired with confidence
  • encouragement - noun the expression of approval and support;  the feeling of being encouraged;  the act of giving hope or support to someone
  • encourages.
  • encouraging - adj. giving courage or confidence or hope;  furnishing support and encouragement
  • encyclopaedic - adj. broad in scope or content
  • end - noun a position on the line of scrimmage;  the part you are expected to play;  a piece of cloth that is left over after the rest has been used or sold;  a final part or section;  the concluding parts of an event or occurrence;  a boundary marking the extremities of something;  either extremity of something that has length;  the surface at either extremity of a three-dimensional object;  one of two places from which people are communicating to each other; (football) the person who plays at one end of the line of scrimmage; a final state;  the point in time at which something ends;  the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve and that (when achieved) terminates behavior intended to achieve it;  the last section of a communication;  verb bring to an end or halt;  put an end to;  have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical;  be the end of; be the last or concluding part of
  • end-diastolic.
  • end-of-dose.
  • end-of-use.
  • end-ofdose.
  • end-plate - noun the flattened end of a motor neuron that transmits neural impulses to a muscle
  • end point - noun a place where something ends or is complete;  the final point in a process
  • end-points.
  • end product - noun final product; the things produced
  • end-stage.
  • endarteries.
  • endemic - adj. native to or confined to a certain region;  of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality;  originating where it is found;  noun a plant that is native to a certain limited area;  a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
  • endings.
  • endless - adj. having the ends united so as to form a continuous whole;  infinitely great in number;  tiresomely long; seemingly without end;  occurring so frequently as to seem ceaseless or uninterrupted; having no known beginning and presumably no end
  • endocannabinoids.
  • endocarditis - noun inflammation of the endocardium and heart valves
  • endocrine - adj. of or belonging to endocrine glands or their secretions;  noun any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream;  the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • endocrine-secreting.
  • endocrinology - noun the branch of medicine dealing with the endocrine glands and their secretions
  • endogenous - adj. derived or originating internally;  of or resembling an endogen
  • endolymph - noun the bodily fluid that fills the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear
  • endometrial - adj. of or relating to the endometrium
  • endometriosis - noun the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea
  • endometrium - noun (pregnancy) the mucous membrane that lines the uterus; thickens under hormonal control and (if pregnancy does not occur) is shed in menstruation; if pregnancy occurs it is shed along with the placenta at parturition
  • endoperoxides.
  • endoplasmic.
  • endorphin - noun a neurochemical occurring naturally in the brain and having analgesic properties
  • endorphins.
  • endorsed - adj. formally supported especially by public statement
  • endorsement - noun the act of endorsing;  a signature that validates something;  a promotional statement (as found on the dust jackets of books);  formal and explicit approval;  a speech seconding a motion
  • endoscoped.
  • endoscopic - adj. of or relating to endoscopy
  • endoscopically.
  • endoscopy - noun visual examination of the interior of a hollow body organ by use of an endoscope
  • endothelial - adj. of or relating to or located in the endothelium
  • endothelin.
  • endothelium - noun an epithelium of mesoblastic origin; a thin layer of flattened cells that lines the inside of some body cavities
  • endothelium-derived.
  • endothelium-independent.
  • endotheliumderived.
  • endotracheal.
  • endplate - noun the flattened end of a motor neuron that transmits neural impulses to a muscle
  • ends.
  • enema - noun injection of a liquid through the anus to stimulate evacuation; sometimes used for diagnostic purposes
  • enemas.
  • energy - noun an imaginative lively style (especially style of writing); enterprising or ambitious drive;  forceful exertion;  (physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work; the units of energy are joules or ergs;  a healthy capacity for vigorous activity;  the federal department responsible for maintaining a national energy policy of the United States; created in 1977
  • energy-restricted.
  • engages.
  • engineered.
  • england - noun a division of the United Kingdom
  • engorgement - noun eating ravenously or voraciously to satiation; congestion with blood
  • enhance - verb increase;  make better or more attractive
  • enhanced - adj. increased or intensified in value or beauty or quality
  • enhancement - noun an improvement that makes something more agreeable
  • enhances.
  • enhancing.
  • enjoy - verb have benefit from;  derive or receive pleasure from; get enjoyment from; take pleasure in;  have for one's benefit;  take delight in;  get pleasure from
  • enjoys.
  • enkephalins.
  • enlarged - adj. expanded in scope;  larger than normal;  (of an organ or body part) excessively enlarged as a result of increased size in the constituent cells;  enlarged to an abnormal degree;  as of a photograph; made larger
  • enlargement - noun a photographic print that has been enlarged; the state of being enlarged;  the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope;  a discussion that provides additional information
  • enlarges.
  • enormous - adj. extraordinarily large in size or extent or amount or power or degree
  • enormously - adv. extremely
  • enough - adj. enough to meet a purpose;  adv. as much as necessary;  noun an adequate quantity; a quantity that is large enough to achieve a purpose
  • enoxaparin.
  • enquire - verb have a wish or desire to know something;  inquire about;  conduct an inquiry or investigation of
  • enquiring.
  • enquiry - noun a systematic investigation of a matter of public interest;  a search for knowledge;  an instance of questioning
  • enrichment - noun act of making fuller or more meaningful or rewarding;  a gift that significantly increases the recipient's wealth
  • ensue - verb issue or terminate (in a specified way, state, etc.); end
  • ensued.
  • ensues.
  • ensuing - adj. following immediately and as a result of what went before
  • ensure - verb be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;  make certain of
  • ensures.
  • ensuring.
  • ent.
  • entacapone.
  • entails.
  • enter - verb become a participant; be involved in;  come on stage;  to come or go into;  set out on (an enterprise or subject of study);  make a record of; set down in permanent form;  put or introduce into something;  take on duties or office;  register formally as a participant or member;  be or play a part of or in
  • enteric - adj. of or relating to the enteron;  of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • enteric-coated.
  • entering - noun the act of entering;  a movement into or inward
  • enteritis - noun inflammation of the intestine (especially the small intestine); usually characterized by diarrhea
  • enterobacteriaceae - noun a large family of Gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria of the order Eubacteriales
  • enterococci.
  • enterococcus.
  • enterocytes.
  • enterohepatic.
  • enteropancreatic.
  • enteropathica.
  • enteropathogens.
  • enteropathy - noun a disease of the intestinal tract
  • enterotoxigenic.
  • enters.
  • entertained - adj. pleasantly occupied
  • enthusiasm - noun a lively interest;  a feeling of excitement; overflowing with eager enjoyment or approval
  • enthusiastic - adj. having or showing great excitement and interest
  • enthusiasts.
  • entire - adj. constituting the full quantity or extent; complete;  (used of domestic animals) sexually competent;  (of leaves or petals) having a smooth edge; not broken up into teeth or lobes;  constituting the undiminished entirety; lacking nothing essential especially not damaged;  noun uncastrated adult male horse
  • entirely - adv. without any others being included or involved;  to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly')
  • entities.
  • entity - noun that which is perceived or known or inferred to have its own distinct existence (living or nonliving)
  • entry - noun an item inserted in a written record;  a written record of a commercial transaction;  the act of entering;  the act of beginning something new;  something that provides access (to get in or get out);  something (manuscripts or architectural plans and models or estimates or works of art of all genres etc.) submitted for the judgment of others (as in a competition)
  • enuresis - noun inability to control the flow of urine and involuntary urination
  • environment - noun the area in which something exists or lives;  the totality of surrounding conditions
  • environmental - adj. concerned with the ecological effects of altering the environment;  of or relating to the external conditions or surroundings
  • enzymatic - adj. of or relating to or produced by an enzyme
  • enzyme - noun any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
  • enzyme-inducing.
  • enzymes.
  • enzymic.
  • eosino.
  • eosinophil - noun a leukocyte readily stained with eosin
  • eosinophilia - noun a symptom of allergic states; increased eosinophils in the blood
  • eosinophilic - adj. of or relating to eosinophil
  • eosinophils.
  • ep.
  • ephedrine - noun white odorless powdered or crystalline alkaloid from plants of the genus Ephedra (especially Ephedra sinica) or made synthetically; used as a bronchodilator to treat bronchitis and asthma
  • ephesus - noun the third ecumenical council in 431 which declared Mary as mother of God and condemned Pelagius;  an ancient Greek city on the western shore of Asia Minor in what is now Turkey; site of the Temple of Artemis; was a major trading center and played an important role in early Christianity
  • epidemic - adj. (especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously;  noun a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time
  • epidemiological - adj. of or relating to epidemiology
  • epidemiologists.
  • epidemiology - noun the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
  • epidermal - adj. of or relating to a cuticle or cuticula
  • epidermidis.
  • epidural - adj. on or outside the dura mater;  noun regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord; sensation is lost in the abdominal and genital and pelvic areas; used in childbirth and gynecological surgery
  • epidurally.
  • epigastric - adj. lying on or over the stomach;  of or relating to the anterior walls of the abdomen
  • epiglottitis - noun inflammation of the epiglottis; characterized by fever and a severe sore throat and difficulty in swallowing
  • epilepsy - noun a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
  • epileptic - adj. of or relating to or characteristic of epilepsy;  noun a person who has epilepsy
  • epileptics.
  • epilepticus.
  • epileptogenic.
  • epinephrine - noun a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • epiphyses.
  • episode - noun a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series;  a part of a broadcast serial;  a happening that is distinctive in a series of related events;  film consisting of a succession of related shots that develop a given subject in a movie
  • episodes.
  • episodic - adj. limited in duration to a single episode;  occurring or appearing at usually irregular intervals;  of writing or narration; divided into or composed of episodes
  • epithelial - adj. of or belonging to the epithelium
  • epithelium - noun membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal surfaces of the body
  • epitope - noun the site on the surface of an antigen molecule to which an antibody attaches itself
  • epitopes.
  • eplerenone.
  • epoetin.
  • epoprostenol.
  • epoxidase.
  • epoxide.
  • epoxyeicosatetraenoic.
  • epsom.
  • eptifibatide.
  • equal - adj. well matched; having the same quantity, value, or measure as another;  equal in amount or value;  noun a person who is of equal standing with another in a group;  verb make equal, uniform, corresponding, or matching;  be identical or equivalent to; be equal to in quality or ability
  • equally - adv. to the same degree (often followed by `as');  in equal amounts or shares; in a balanced or impartial way
  • equals.
  • equates.
  • equation - noun the act of regarding as equal;  a mathematical statement that two expressions are equal;  a state of being essentially equal or equivalent; equally balanced
  • equi-effective.
  • equi-sedating.
  • equilibrates.
  • equilibrium - noun a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head;  a stable situation in which forces cancel one another;  a chemical reaction and its reverse proceed at equal rates;  equality of distribution
  • equipment - noun an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service
  • equipotent - adj. having equal strength or efficacy
  • equivalent - adj. being essentially equal to something;  equal in amount or value;  noun the atomic weight of an element that has the same combining capacity as a given weight of another element; the standard is 8 for oxygen;  a person or thing equal to another in value or measure or force or effect or significance etc
  • equivalents.
  • er - noun a room in a hospital or clinic staffed and equipped to provide emergency care to persons requiring immediate medical treatment;  a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; occurs with yttrium
  • era - noun a major division of geological time; an era is usually divided into two or more periods;  a period marked by distinctive character or reckoned from a fixed point or event;  (baseball) a measure of a pitcher's effectiveness; calculated as the average number of earned runs allowed by the pitcher for every nine innings pitched
  • eradicate - verb kill in large numbers;  destroy completely, as if down to the roots
  • eradicated.
  • eradication - noun the complete destruction of every trace of something
  • eraly.
  • erectile - adj. filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood;  capable of being raised to an upright position
  • erection - noun a structure that has been erected;  an erect penis; the act of building or putting up
  • erections.
  • erg - noun a cgs unit of work or energy; the work done by a force of one dyne acting over a distance of one centimeter
  • ergocalciferol - noun a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • ergometrine.
  • ergosterol - noun a plant sterol that is converted into vitamin D by ultraviolet radiation
  • ergot - noun a fungus that infects various cereal plants forming compact black masses of branching filaments that replace many grains of the plant; source of medicinally important alkaloids and of lysergic acid;  a plant disease caused by the ergot fungus
  • ergot-containing.
  • ergot-derived.
  • ergotamine - noun an alkaloid derived from ergot that is less toxic than ergot; causes constriction of blood vessels and is used to treat migraine
  • erikson.
  • ernst - noun painter (born in Germany, resident of France and the United States) who was a cofounder of dadaism; developed the technique of collage (1891-1976)
  • erodable.
  • erosion - noun (geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding something down (as by particles washing over it);  a gradual decline of something;  condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind;  erosion by chemical action
  • erosions.
  • erosive - adj. wearing away by friction;  of a substance, especially a strong acid; capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action
  • erroneous - adj. containing or characterized by error
  • error - noun (baseball) a failure of a defensive player to make an out when normal play would have sufficed;  departure from what is ethically acceptable;  a misconception resulting from incorrect information;  part of a statement that is not correct;  (computer science) the occurrence of an incorrect result produced by a computer;  a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention;  inadvertent incorrectness
  • errors.
  • ertapenem.
  • eruptions.
  • erythema - noun abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels (as in sunburn or inflammation)
  • erythematosus.
  • erythematosus-like.
  • erythrocyte - noun a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the bodily tissues; a biconcave disc that has no nucleus
  • erythrocytes.
  • erythroid - adj. relating to erythrocytes
  • erythromycin - noun an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative
  • erythropoietin - noun a glycoprotein secreted by the kidneys that stimulates the production of red blood cells
  • escape - noun the act of escaping physically;  a means or way of escaping;  an avoidance of danger or difficulty;  an inclination to retreat from unpleasant realities through diversion or fantasy;  the unwanted discharge of a fluid from some container;  a plant originally cultivated but now growing wild;  nonperformance of something distasteful (as by deceit or trickery) that you are supposed to do;  a valve in a container in which pressure can build up (as a steam boiler); it opens automatically when the pressure reaches a dangerous level;  verb issue or leak, as from a small opening;  run away from confinement;  remove oneself from a familiar environment, usually for pleasure or diversion;  fail to experience; escape potentially unpleasant consequences; get away with a forbidden action;  flee; take to one's heels; cut and run;  be incomprehensible to; escape understanding by
  • escherichia - noun a genus of enteric bacteria
  • escitalopram.
  • eskimos.
  • esmolol - noun intravenous beta blocker (trade name Brevibloc) that acts for only a short time; used primarily for cardiac arrhythmias
  • esomeprazole.
  • especially - adv. to a distinctly greater extent or degree than is common;  in a special manner
  • esr - noun microwave spectroscopy in which there is resonant absorption of radiation by a paramagnet;  the rate at which red blood cells settle out in a tube of blood under standardized conditions; a high rate usually indicates the presence of inflammation
  • essence - noun any substance possessing to a high degree the predominant properties of a plant or drug or other natural product from which it is extracted;  a toiletry that emits and diffuses a fragrant odor;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
  • essential - adj. basic and fundamental;  absolutely required and not to be used up or sacrificed;  absolutely necessary; vitally necessary; being or relating to or containing the essence of a plant etc;  defining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established;  of the greatest importance;  noun anything indispensable
  • essentially - adv. at bottom or by one's (or its) very nature
  • essentials.
  • establish - verb use as a basis for; found on;  set up or lay the groundwork for;  bring about;  set up or found;  establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment;  institute, enact, or establish;  place;  build or establish something abstract
  • established - adj. introduced from another region and persisting without cultivation;  brought about or set up or accepted; especially long established;  shown to be valid beyond a reasonable doubt; securely established;  conforming with accepted standards;  settled securely and unconditionally
  • establishing.
  • establishment - noun a public or private structure (business or governmental or educational) including buildings and equipment for business or residence;  the cognitive process of establishing a valid proof;  any large organization;  (ecology) the process by which a plant or animal becomes established in a new habitat;  the act of forming something;  an organization founded and united for a specific purpose;  the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
  • establishments.
  • estate - noun a major social class or order of persons regarded collectively as part of the body politic of the country and formerly possessing distinct political rights;  extensive landed property (especially in the country) retained by the owner for his own use; everything you own; all of your assets (whether real property or personal property) and liabilities
  • ester - noun formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water
  • esterase.
  • esterases.
  • esterified.
  • esters.
  • estimate - noun a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody;  an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth;  the respect with which a person is held;  a statement indicating the likely cost of some job;  a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation);  verb judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time);  judge to be probable
  • estimated.
  • estimates.
  • estimating.
  • estimation - noun a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody;  an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth;  the respect with which a person is held;  a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation)
  • estimations.
  • estradiol - noun the most powerful female hormone that occurs naturally; synthesized and used to treat estrogen deficiency and breast cancer
  • estriol - noun a naturally occurring estrogenic hormone; a synthetic form is used to treat estrogen deficiency
  • et.
  • etanercerpt.
  • etc.
  • ethacrynic.
  • ethambutol.
  • ethanol - noun the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors; used pure or denatured as a solvent or in medicines and colognes and cleaning solutions and rocket fuel; proposed as a renewable clean-burning additive to gasoline
  • ether - noun a colorless volatile highly inflammable liquid formerly used as an inhalation anesthetic;  a medium that was once supposed to fill all space and to support the propagation of electromagnetic waves;  any of a class of organic compounds that have two hydrocarbon groups linked by an oxygen atom;  the fifth and highest element after air and earth and fire and water; was believed to be the substance composing all heavenly bodies
  • ethereal - adj. characterized by unusual lightness and delicacy;  of or containing or dissolved in ether;  characterized by lightness and insubstantiality; as impalpable or intangible as air;  of heaven or the spirit
  • ethical - adj. conforming to accepted standards of social or professional behavior;  adhering to ethical and moral principles;  of or relating to the philosophical study of ethics
  • ethically - adv. in an ethical manner; from an ethical point of view; according to ethics
  • ethics - noun the philosophical study of moral values and rules; motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
  • ethinylestradiol.
  • ethionamide.
  • ethnic - adj. not acknowledging the God of Christianity and Judaism and Islam;  denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people;  noun a person who is a member of an ethnic group
  • ethnicity - noun an ethnic quality or affiliation resulting from racial or cultural ties
  • ethosuximide - noun an anticonvulsant drug (trade names Emeside and Zarontin) used to treat petit mal epilepsy
  • ethylene - noun a flammable colorless gaseous alkene; obtained from petroleum and natural gas and used in manufacturing many other chemicals; sometimes used as an anesthetic
  • ethylenediamine.
  • ethylenediiminodibutanol.
  • ethynodiol.
  • etidronate.
  • etiocholanolone.
  • etomidate.
  • etonogestrel.
  • etretinate.
  • eukaryotic - adj. having cells with `good' or membrane-bound nuclei
  • euphoria - noun a feeling of great (usually exaggerated) elation
  • europe - noun the nations of the European continent collectively; the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles;  an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
  • european - adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Europe or the people of Europe;  noun a native or inhabitant of Europe
  • europeans.
  • euston.
  • eutectic - noun a mixture of substances having a minimum melting point
  • euthyroid.
  • ev - noun a unit of energy equal to the work done by an electron accelerated through a potential difference of 1 volt
  • evacuate - verb excrete or discharge from the body;  empty completely;  create a vacuum in (a bulb, flask, reaction vessel);  move out of an unsafe location into safety;  move people from their homes or country
  • evacuation - noun the act of evacuating; leaving a place in an orderly fashion; especially for protection;  the act of removing the contents of something;  the bodily process of discharging waste matter
  • evaluate - verb form a critical opinion of;  place a value on; judge the worth of something
  • evaluated.
  • evaluating.
  • evaluation - noun act of ascertaining or fixing the value or worth of; an appraisal of the value of something
  • evaluations.
  • evans - noun British archaeologist who excavated the palace of Knossos in Crete to find what he called Minoan civilization (1851-1941);  United States anatomist who identified four pituitary hormones and discovered vitamin E (1882-1971)
  • even - adj. equal in degree or extent or amount; or equally matched or balanced;  being level or straight or regular and without variation as e.g. in shape or texture; or being in the same plane or at the same height as something else (i.e. even with);  divisible by two; occurring at fixed intervals;  symmetrically arranged;  of the score in a contest;  adv. used as an intensive especially to indicate something unexpected;  to a greater degree or extent; used with comparisons; in spite of; notwithstanding;  to the full extent;  noun the latter part of the day (the period of decreasing daylight from late afternoon until nightfall);  verb make even or more even;  become even or more even;  make level or straight
  • evening - noun the latter part of the day (the period of decreasing daylight from late afternoon until nightfall);  the early part of night (from dinner until bedtime) spent in a special way;  a later concluding time period
  • evenly - adv. in a level and regular way;  in equal amounts or shares; in a balanced or impartial way
  • event - noun something that happens at a given place and time;  a phenomenon located at a single point in space-time; the fundamental observational entity in relativity theory;  a special set of circumstances;  a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon
  • events.
  • eventual - adj. expected to follow in the indefinite future from causes already operating
  • eventually - adv. within an indefinite time or at an unspecified future time;  after a long period of time or an especially long delay
  • ever - adv. at any time;  (intensifier for adjectives) very;  at all times; all the time and on every occasion
  • every - adj. (used of count nouns) each and all of the members of a group considered singly and without exception;  each and all of a series of entities or intervals as specified
  • evidence - noun your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief;  an indication that makes something evident; (law) all the means by which any alleged matter of fact whose truth is investigated at judicial trial is established or disproved;  verbprovide evidence for; stand as proof of; show by one's behavior, attitude, or external attributes;  give evidence;  provide evidence for
  • evidence-based.
  • evidencebased.
  • evidenced - adj. supported by evidence
  • evident - adj. capable of being seen or noticed;  clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment
  • evoke - verb call to mind;  summon into action or bring into existence, often as if by magic;  deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning);  evoke or provoke to appear or occur;  call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses)
  • evoked - adj. called forth from a latent or potential state by stimulation
  • evolution - noun (biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms;  a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage)
  • evolved.
  • evolving.
  • ewphe.
  • ex - adj. out of fashion;  noun the 24th letter of the Roman alphabet; a woman who was formerly a particular man's wife;  a man who was formerly a certain woman's husband
  • exacerbate - verb exasperate or irritate;  make worse
  • exacerbated.
  • exacerbates.
  • exacerbating - adj. making worse
  • exacerbation - noun violent and bitter exasperation;  action that makes a problem or a disease (or its symptoms) worse
  • exacerbations.
  • exact - adj. marked by strict and particular and complete accordance with fact;  (of ideas, images, representations, expressions) characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth ; strictly correct;  verb take as an undesirable consequence of some event or state of affairs;  claim as due or just
  • exactly - adv. indicating exactness or preciseness;  in a precise manner;  just as it should be
  • exaggerated - adj. enlarged beyond truth or reasonableness; enlarged to an abnormal degree;  represented as greater than is true or reasonable
  • exam - noun a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge
  • examination - noun the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes);  the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned;  a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge;  a detailed inspection of your conscience (as done daily by Jesuits);  formal systematic questioning
  • examinations.
  • examined.
  • example - noun an item of information that is representative of a type;  punishment intended as a warning to others;  a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding; something to be imitated;  a representative form or pattern;  an occurrence of something
  • examples.
  • exams.
  • exceed - verb go beyond;  go beyond;  be or do something to a greater degree
  • exceeded.
  • exceeding - adj. far beyond what is usual in magnitude or degree
  • exceeds.
  • excellence - noun the quality of excelling; possessing good qualities in high degree;  an outstanding feature; something in which something or someone excels
  • excellent - adj. of the highest quality
  • except - verb prevent from being included or considered or accepted;  take exception to
  • exception - noun a deliberate act of omission;  an instance that does not conform to a rule or generalization;  grounds for adverse criticism
  • exceptional - adj. deviating widely from a norm of physical or mental ability; used especially of children below normal in intelligence;  surpassing what is common or usual or expected;  far beyond what is usual in magnitude or degree
  • exceptionally - adv. to an exceptional degree
  • exceptions.
  • excess - adj. more than is needed, desired, or required;  nounimmoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or permitted limits;  a quantity much larger than is needed;  excessive indulgence;  the state of being more than full
  • excessive - adj. beyond normal limits;  unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings
  • excessively - adv. to an excessive degree
  • excetion.
  • exchange - noun (chess) the capture by both players (usually on consecutive moves) of pieces of equal value;  (chess) gaining (or losing) a rook in return for a knight or bishop;  reciprocal transfer of equivalent sums of money especially the currencies of different countries;  the act of giving something in return for something received;  the act of changing one thing for another thing;  a workplace for buying and selling; open only to members;  a mutual expression of views (especially an unpleasant one);  chemical process in which one atom or ion or group changes places with another;  the act of putting one thing or person in the place of another: "he sent Smith in for Jones but the substitution came too late to help";  (sports) an unbroken sequence of several successive strokes;  a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication;  verb give to, and receive from, one another;  hand over one and receive another, approximately equivalent;  change over, change around, as to a new order or sequence;  exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category; exchange a penalty for a less severe one
  • exchanged - adj. changed for (replaced by) something different
  • excipient.
  • excipients.
  • excitability - noun being easily excited;  excessive sensitivity of an organ or body part
  • excitable - adj. easily excited;  capable of responding to stimuli
  • excitation - noun something that agitates and arouses;  the neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or gland;  the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up
  • excitatory - adj. (of drugs e.g.) able to excite or stimulate
  • excited - adj. in an aroused state;  (of persons) excessively affected by emotion;  (of e.g. a molecule) made reactive or more reactive; marked by uncontrolled excitement or emotion
  • excitement - noun the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up;  disturbance usually in protest;  something that agitates and arouses;  the feeling of lively and cheerful joy
  • excites.
  • exciting - adj. creating or arousing excitement;  stimulating interest and discussion
  • exclude - verb prevent from being included or considered or accepted;  prevent from entering; shut out;  lack or fail to include; prevent from entering; keep out;  put out or expel from a place
  • excluded.
  • excluding.
  • exclusion - noun the state of being excluded;  the act of forcing out someone or something;  a deliberate act of omission;  the state of being excommunicated
  • exclusively - adv. without any others being included or involved
  • exclusivity.
  • excrete - verb eliminate from the body
  • excreted.
  • excretes.
  • excretion - noun the bodily process of discharging waste matter; waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
  • excruciating - adj. extremely painful
  • excursion - noun a journey taken for pleasure;  wandering from the main path of a journey
  • executive - adj. having the function of carrying out plans or orders etc.;  noun persons who administer the law;  a person responsible for the administration of a business;  someone who manages a government agency or department
  • exemestane.
  • exercise - noun the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit;  a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding;  systematic training by multiple repetitions; (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches; the act of using;  verb do physical exercise;  give a workout to;  learn by repetition;  put to use;  carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
  • exercise-induced.
  • exercised.
  • exerciseof.
  • exerciserelated.
  • exercises.
  • exert - verb put to use;  make a great effort at a mental or physical task;  have and exercise
  • exerted.
  • exerting.
  • exertion - noun use of physical or mental energy; hard work
  • exerts.
  • exfoliation - noun the peeling off in flakes or scales of bark or dead skin;  a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the skin
  • exfoliative.
  • exhalation - noun the act of expelling air from the lungs;  exhaled breath
  • exhaustion - noun the act of exhausting something entirely; extreme fatigue;  serious weakening and loss of energy
  • exhibit - noun an object or statement produced before a court of law and referred to while giving evidence;  something shown to the public;  verb show an attribute, property, knowledge, or skill;  walk ostentatiously;  to show, make visible or apparent;  show or demonstrate something to an interested audience
  • exhibits.
  • exist - verb have an existence, be extant;  support oneself
  • existing - adj. presently existing;  existing in something specified; having existence or being or actuality
  • exists.
  • exo-site.
  • exocrine - adj. of or relating to exocrine glands or their secretions; noun a gland that secretes externally through a duct
  • exogenous - adj. derived or originating externally
  • exophthalmos - noun protrusion of the eyeball from the socket
  • exotic - adj. strikingly strange or unusual;  being or from or characteristic of another place or part of the world
  • expanded - adj. increased in extent or size or bulk or scope
  • expanding.
  • expansion - noun the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope;  adding information or detail;  a discussion that provides additional information
  • expect - verb look forward to the birth of a child;  consider reasonable or due;  regard something as probable or likely;  look forward to the probable occurrence of;  be pregnant with;  consider obligatory; request and expect
  • expectancy - noun something expected (as on the basis of a norm); pleasurable expectation
  • expectation - noun belief about (or mental picture of) the future;  the feeling that something is about to happen;  the sum of the values of a random variable divided by the number of values;  wishing with confidence of fulfillment
  • expectations.
  • expected - adj. considered likely or probable to happen or arrive; expected to become or be; in prospect;  looked forward to as probable
  • expecting.
  • expectorants.
  • expectoration - noun the process of coughing up and spitting out; the act of spitting (forcefully expelling saliva)
  • expects.
  • expenditure - noun the act of consuming something;  the act of spending money for goods or services;  money paid out
  • expense - noun a detriment or sacrifice;  amounts paid for goods and services that may be currently tax deductible (as opposed to capital expenditures);  money spent to perform work and usually reimbursed by an employer
  • expensive - adj. high in price or charging high prices
  • experience - noun the accumulation of knowledge or skill that results from direct participation in events or activities;  the content of direct observation or participation in an event;  an event as apprehended;  verb go through (mental or physical states or experiences);  go or live through;  undergo;  have firsthand knowledge of states, situations, emotions, or sensations;  undergo an emotional sensation
  • experienced - adj. having experience; having knowledge or skill from observation or participation
  • experiences.
  • experiencing.
  • experiment - noun the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation;  a venture at something new or different;  the testing of an idea;  verb to conduct a test or investigation;  try something new, as in order to gain experience
  • experimental - adj. relying on observation or experiment;  of the nature of or undergoing an experiment;  relating to or based on experiment
  • experimentally - adv. in an experimental fashion
  • experiments.
  • expert - adj. having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude; noun a person with special knowledge or ability who performs skillfully
  • expertise - noun skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge
  • experts.
  • expirations.
  • expiratory - adj. of or relating to the breathing out phase of respiration
  • expired - adj. having come to an end or become void after passage of a period of time
  • expires.
  • explain - verb make plain and comprehensible;  define;  serve as a reason or cause or justification of
  • explained.
  • explaining.
  • explains.
  • explanation - noun thought that makes something comprehensible; a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.;  the act of explaining; making something plain or intelligible
  • exploit - noun a notable achievement;  verb use or manipulate to one's advantage;  draw from; make good use of;  work excessively hard
  • exploited - adj. developed or used to greatest advantage;  of persons; taken advantage of
  • exploratory - adj. serving in or intended for exploration or discovery
  • explore - verb examine (organs) for diagnostic purposes;  examine minutely;  travel to or penetrate into;  inquire into
  • explosion - noun the act of exploding or bursting something;  a golf shot from a bunker that typically moves sand as well as the golf ball; a sudden outburst;  a violent release of energy caused by a chemical or nuclear reaction;  the noise caused by an explosion;  a sudden great increase;  the terminal forced release of pressure built up during the occlusive phase of a stop consonant
  • exponential - adj. of or involving exponents;  noun a function in which an independent variable appears as an exponent
  • exponentially - adv. in an exponential manner
  • expose - noun the exposure of an impostor or a fraud;  verbabandon by leaving out in the open air;  expose or make accessible to some action or influence;  expose to light, of photographic film;  to show, make visible or apparent;  expose while ridiculing; especially of pretentious or false claims and ideas;  make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret;  put in a dangerous, disadvantageous, or difficult position;  remove all or part of one's clothes to show one's body;  disclose to view as by removing a cover
  • exposed - adj. not covered with clothing;  with no protection or shield
  • exposure - noun the act of subjecting someone to an influencing experience;  abandoning without shelter or protection (as by leaving as infant out in the open);  presentation to view in an open or public manner;  the act of exposing film to light;  vulnerability to the elements; to the action of heat or cold or wind or rain;  aspect re light or wind;  the disclosure of something secret;  the intensity of light falling on a photographic film or plate;  a picture of a person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a camera on light-sensitive material;  the state of being vulnerable or exposed
  • express - adj. not tacit or implied;  without unnecessary stops;  adv.by express;  noun rapid transport of goods;  public transport consisting of a fast train or bus that makes only a few scheduled stops;  mail that is distributed by a rapid and efficient system;  verbarticulate; either verbally or with a cry, shout, or noise;  give expression to;  send by rapid transport or special messenger service; indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.;  manifest the effects of (a gene or genetic trait);  serve as a means for expressing something; obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action
  • expressed - adj. communicated in words;  precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable; leaving nothing to implication
  • expressing.
  • expression - noun the act of forcing something out by squeezing or pressing;  the feelings expressed on a person's face;  expression without words;  the communication (in speech or writing) of your beliefs or opinions;  (genetics) the process of expressing a gene;  a group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit;  a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement;  the style of expressing yourself;  a word or phrase that particular people use in particular situations
  • exquisitely - adv. in a delicate manner
  • extend - verb increase in quantity or bulk by adding a cheaper substance;  prolong the time allowed for payment of;  expand the influence of;  open or straighten out; unbend;  make available; provide;  reach outward in space;  extend one's limbs or muscles, or the entire body;  thrust or extend out;  continue or extend;  lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer;  extend in scope or range or area; use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity;  cause to move at full gallop;  extend or stretch out to a greater or the full length; offer verbally;  stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point;  span an interval of distance, space or time
  • extended - adj. beyond the literal or primary sense;  fully extended or stretched forth;  large in spatial extent or range or scope or quantity;  drawn out or made longer spatially;  relatively long in duration; tediously protracted
  • extended-range.
  • extending.
  • extends.
  • extension - noun act of expanding in scope; making more widely available;  act of stretching or straightening out a flexed limb;  an educational opportunity provided by colleges and universities to people who not enrolled as regular students;  an additional telephone set that is connected to the same telephone line;  amount or degree or range to which something extends;  the ability to raise the working leg high in the air;  a string of characters beginning with a period and followed by one to three letters; the optional second part of a PC computer filename;  a mutually agreed delay in the date set for the completion of a job or payment of a debt;  an addition that extends a main building;  an addition to the length of something;  the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to;  the spreading of something (a belief or practice) into new regions
  • extensions.
  • extensive - adj. large in spatial extent or range or scope or quantity; of agriculture; increasing productivity by using large areas with minimal outlay and labor;  broad in scope or content
  • extensively - adv. in a widespread way
  • extent - noun the distance or area or volume over which something extends;  the point or degree to which something extends
  • extents.
  • external - adj. happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface;  purely outward or superficial;  from or between other countries;  coming from the outside;  noun outward features
  • extinct - adj. (of e.g. volcanos) permanently inactive;  being out or having grown cold;  no longer in existence; lost or especially having died out leaving no living representatives
  • extra - adj. further or added;  added to a regular schedule;  more than is needed, desired, or required;  adv. unusually or exceptionally; noun something additional of the same kind;  an additional edition of a newspaper (usually to report a crisis);  a minor actor in crowd scenes
  • extra-uterine.
  • extracardiac.
  • extracellular - adj. located or occurring outside a cell or cells
  • extracerebral.
  • extrachromosomal.
  • extracorporeal.
  • extracranial.
  • extract - noun a passage selected from a larger work;  a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water);  verbcalculate the root of a number;  remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense;  separate (a metal) from an ore;  get despite difficulties or obstacles;  extract by the process of distillation;  take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy;  obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action;  deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning)
  • extracted.
  • extraction - noun the act of pulling out (as a tooth);  the process of obtaining something from a mixture or compound by chemical or physical or mechanical means;  properties attributable to your ancestry
  • extracts.
  • extradural - adj. on or outside the dura mater
  • extrahepatic.
  • extraneous - adj. not essential;  not pertinent to the matter under consideration;  not belonging to that in which it is contained; introduced from an outside source;  coming from the outside
  • extranodal.
  • extraordinarily - adv. extremely
  • extrapolate - verb gain knowledge of (an area not known or experienced) by extrapolating;  estimate the value of;  draw from specific cases for more general cases
  • extrapolated - adj. that are estimated
  • extrapolation - noun an inference about the future (or about some hypothetical situation) based on known facts and observations; (mathematics) calculation of the value of a function outside the range of known values
  • extrapyramidal.
  • extrauterine.
  • extravascular.
  • extreme - adj. most distant in any direction;  of the greatest possible degree or extent or intensity;  far beyond a norm in quantity or amount or degree; to an utmost degree;  beyond a norm in views or actions;  noun the furthest or highest degree of something;  the point located farthest from the middle of something
  • extremely - adv. to an extreme degree;  to a high degree or extent; favorably or with much respect;  to an extreme degree or extent;  to an extreme degree
  • extremes.
  • extremities.
  • extrinsic - adj. not forming an essential part of a thing or arising or originating from the outside
  • extrusion - noun squeezing out by applying pressure;  something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings
  • exudate - noun a substance that oozes out from plant pores;  verbrelease (a liquid) in drops or small quantities
  • exudates.
  • exuded.
  • eye - noun a small hole or loop (as in a needle);  the organ of sight; good discernment (either visually or as if visually);  attention to what is seen;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region;  verb look at
  • eye-drop - noun a drop from an eye dropper
  • eyedrops.
  • eyes - noun opinion or judgment
  • ezetimibe.

Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

F

  • f - noun the 6th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates;  a degree on the Fahrenheit scale of temperature;  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • faba.
  • face - noun a vertical surface of a building or cliff;  the side upon which the use of a thing depends (usually the most prominent surface of an object);  the striking or working surface of an implement;  the general outward appearance of something;  status in the eyes of others;  the front of the human head from the forehead to the chin and ear to ear;  the part of an animal corresponding to the human face;  a part of a person that is used to refer to a person;  the feelings expressed on a person's face;  impudent aggressiveness;  a specific size and style of type within a type family;  a contorted facial expression;  a surface forming part of the outside of an object;  verbcover the front or surface of;  line the edge (of a garment) with a different material;  turn so as to face; turn the face in a certain direction;  turn so as to expose the face;  be opposite;  deal with (something unpleasant) head on;  present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize;  oppose, as in hostility or a competition; be oriented in a certain direction, often with respect to another reference point; be opposite to
  • faced - adj. having a face or facing especially of a specified kind or number; often used in combination
  • facial - adj. of or pertaining to the outside surface of an object;  of or concerning the face;  noun care for the face that usually involves cleansing and massage and the application of cosmetic creams; cranial nerve that supplies facial muscles
  • facili-tates.
  • facilitate - verb make easier;  increase the likelihood of (a response);  be of use
  • facilitated - adj. freed from difficulty or impediment
  • facilitates.
  • facilitating.
  • facilitation - noun act of assisting or making easier the progress or improvement of something;  (neurophysiology) phenomenon that occurs when two or more neural impulses that alone are not enough to trigger a response in a neuron combine to trigger an action potential;  the condition of being made easy (or easier)
  • facilities.
  • fact - noun a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred;  a concept whose truth can be proved;  a statement or assertion of verified information about something that is the case or has happened;  an event known to have happened or something known to have existed
  • factor - noun an independent variable in statistics;  anything that contributes causally to a result;  any of the numbers (or symbols) that form a product when multiplied together;  (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity;  an abstract part of something;  a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission;  one of two or more integers that can be exactly divided into another integer;  verb resolve into factors
  • factors.
  • faecal - adj. foul with waste matter; of or relating to feces
  • faecalis.
  • faeces - noun solid excretory product evacuated from the bowels
  • fail - verb get worse;  stop operating or functioning;  prove insufficient;  disappoint, prove undependable to; abandon, forsake; become bankrupt or insolvent; fail financially and close;  fall short in what is expected;  fail to get a passing grade;  judge unacceptable; be unsuccessful;  fail to do something; leave something undone;  be unable
  • failed - adj. unable to meet financial obligations
  • failing - adj. below acceptable in performance;  unable to meet financial obligations;  noun failure to reach a minimum required performance;  a flaw or weak point
  • fails.
  • failure - noun an unexpected omission;  an act that fails;  an event that does not accomplish its intended purpose;  a person with a record of failing; someone who loses consistently;  loss of ability to function normally;  lack of success;  inability to discharge all your debts as they come due
  • fainting.
  • fairly - adv. without favoring one party, in a fair evenhanded manner; in conformity with the rules or laws and without fraud or cheating;  to a moderately sufficient extent or degree
  • faith - noun loyalty or allegiance to a cause or a person;  complete confidence in a person or plan etc;  a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny;  an institution to express belief in a divine power
  • falciparum.
  • falkenstein.
  • fall - noun a lapse into sin; a loss of innocence or of chastity;  a movement downward;  a sudden decline in strength or number or importance;  when a wrestler's shoulders are forced to the mat;  the lapse of mankind into sinfulness because of the sin of Adam and Eve;  the season when the leaves fall from the trees;  the act of surrendering (under agreed conditions);  a sudden drop from an upright position;  a sudden sharp decrease in some quantity;  a free and rapid descent by the force of gravity;  a downward slope or bend;  the time of day immediately following sunset;  verb pass suddenly and passively into a state of body or mind;  come as if by falling;  go as if by falling;  occur at a specified time or place;  begin vigorously;  be born, used chiefly of lambs;  come out; issue;  be cast down;  assume a disappointed or sad expression;  descend in free fall under the influence of gravity;  drop oneself to a lower or less erect position;  lose an upright position suddenly;  slope downward; move in a specified direction;  be inherited by;  fall to somebody by assignment or lot;  be captured;  to be given by assignment or distribution;  to be given by right or inheritance;  lose office or power; suffer defeat, failure, or ruin;  yield to temptation or sin;  lose one's chastity;  touch or seem as if touching visually or audibly;  die, as in battle or in a hunt;  be due;  come under, be classified or included; decrease in size, extent, or range;  fall or flow in a certain way;  move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way;  come into the possession of;  fall from clouds
  • fallen - adj. killed in battle;  having lost your chastity;  having fallen in or collapsed;  having dropped by the force of gravity
  • falling - adj. becoming lower or less in degree or value;  decreasing in amount or degree;  coming down freely under the influence of gravity
  • falls - noun the petals or sepals of a flower that bend downward (especially the outer perianth of an iris);  a steep descent of the water of a river
  • false - adj. (used especially of persons) not dependable in devotion or affection; unfaithful;  arising from error;  inaccurate in pitch; designed to deceive;  deliberately deceptive;  not in accordance with the fact or reality or actuality;  erroneous and usually accidental; adopted in order to deceive;  not genuine or real; being an imitation of the genuine article;  inappropriate to reality or facts;  adv. in a disloyal and faithless manner
  • false-negative.
  • false-positive.
  • falsely - adv. in an incorrect manner;  in an insincerely false manner
  • falsified.
  • familial - adj. tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity;  relating to or having the characteristics of a family
  • familiar - adj. having mutual interests or affections; of established friendship;  well known or easily recognized;  within normal everyday experience; common and ordinary; not strange;  (usually followed by `with') well informed about or knowing thoroughly;  noun a spirit (usually in animal form) that acts as an assistant to a witch or wizard;  a person attached to the household of a high official (as a pope or bishop) who renders service in return for support;  a person who is frequently in the company of another
  • familiarization - noun the experience of becoming familiar with something
  • families.
  • family - noun primary social group; parents and children;  people descended from a common ancestor;  a social unit living together; (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more genera;  an association of people who share common beliefs or activities;  a collection of things sharing a common attribute;  a loose affiliation of gangsters in charge of organized criminal activities;  a person having kinship with another or others
  • famine - noun a severe shortage of food (as through crop failure) resulting in violent hunger and starvation and death;  an acute insufficiency
  • famotidine - noun a histamine blocker (trade name Pepcid) used to treat peptic ulcers and gastritis and esophageal reflux
  • famously - adv. in a manner or to an extent that is well known;  in a splendid manner
  • fanning.
  • far - adj. at a great distance in time or space or degree;  being of a considerable distance or length;  beyond a norm in opinion or actions;  being the animal or vehicle on the right or being on the right side of an animal or vehicle;  adv. at or to or from a great distance in space;  remote in time;  to a considerable degree; very much;  at or to a certain point or degree;  to an advanced stage or point;  noun a terrorist organization that seeks to overthrow the government dominated by Tutsi and to institute Hutu control again
  • fared.
  • fasciculata.
  • fasciculation - noun muscular twitching of contiguous groups of muscle fibers
  • fasciculations.
  • fashion - noun characteristic or habitual practice;  consumer goods (especially clothing) in the current mode;  the latest and most admired style in clothes and cosmetics and behavior;  how something is done or how it happens;  verb make out of components (often in an improvising manner)
  • fast - adj. acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly;  at a rapid tempo;  (used of timepieces) indicating a time ahead of or later than the correct time;  securely fixed in place;  resistant to destruction or fading;  (of surfaces) conducive to rapid speeds; unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause;  hurried and brief; unrestrained by convention or morality;  firmly fastened or secured against opening;  adv. quickly or rapidly (often used as a combining form);  firmly or tightly;  noun abstaining from food;  verb abstain from eating;  abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons
  • faster - adv. more quickly
  • fasting - noun abstaining from food
  • fat - adj. a chubby body;  having much flesh (especially fat);  marked by great fruitfulness;  lucrative;  having a relatively large diameter; containing or composed of fat;  noun a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly triglycerides);  excess bodily weight;  a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs;  verb make fat or plump
  • fat-soluble - adj. soluble in fats
  • fatal - adj. controlled or decreed by fate; predetermined;  bringing death;  having momentous consequences; of decisive importance; (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin
  • fatalities.
  • fatality - noun the quality of being able to cause death or fatal disasters;  a death resulting from an accident or a disaster
  • father - noun God when considered as the first person in the Trinity; a male parent (also used as a term of address to your father); `Father' is a term of address for priests in some churches (especially the Roman Catholic Church or the Orthodox Catholic Church); `Padre' is frequently used in the military;  a person who holds an important or distinguished position in some organization; (Christianity) any of about 70 theologians in the period from the 2nd to the 7th century whose writing established and confirmed official church doctrine; in the Roman Catholic Church some were later declared saints and became Doctor of the Church; the best known Latin Church Fathers are Ambrose, Augustine, Gregory the Great, and Jerome; those who wrote in Greek include Athanasius, Basil, Gregory Nazianzen, and John Chrysostom;  the head of an organized crime family;  the founder of a family;  a person who founds or establishes some institution;  verb make children
  • fatiguability.
  • fatigue - noun (always used with a modifier) boredom resulting from overexposure to something;  temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work;  used of materials (especially metals) in a weakened state caused by long stress;  labor of a nonmilitary kind done by soldiers (cleaning or digging or draining or so on);  verb exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress;  get tired of something or somebody
  • fats.
  • fatsoluble.
  • fatty - adj. containing or composed of fat;  noun a rotund individual
  • fault - noun (sports) a serve that is illegal (e.g., that lands outside the prescribed area);  responsibility for a bad situation or event; (electronics) equipment failure attributable to some defect in a circuit (loose connection or insulation failure or short circuit etc.);  (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other;  a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention;  the quality of being inadequate or falling short of perfection;  an imperfection in a device or machine; verb put or pin the blame on
  • faulty - adj. characterized by errors;  having a defect
  • favism - noun anemia resulting from eating fava beans; victims have an inherited blood abnormality and enzyme deficiency
  • favour - noun an act of gracious kindness;  souvenir consisting of a small gift given to a guest at a party;  an advantage to the benefit of someone or something;  an inclination to approve;  a feeling of favorable regard;  verb consider as the favorite;  promote over another;  bestow a privilege upon;  treat gently or carefully
  • favourability.
  • favourable - adj. favoring or bringing good luck;  occurring at a convenient or suitable time;  (of winds or weather) tending to promote or facilitate;  encouraging or approving or pleasing
  • favourably - adv. showing approval
  • favoured.
  • favouring.
  • favours.
  • fbpharmacols.
  • fc.
  • fda - noun a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services established to regulate the release of new foods and health-related products
  • fdamedwatch.
  • fdg.
  • fdump.
  • fe - noun a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood
  • fear - noun an emotion experienced in anticipation of some specific pain or danger (usually accompanied by a desire to flee or fight);  a profound emotion inspired by a deity;  an anxious feeling;  verb be afraid or scared of; be frightened of;  be uneasy or apprehensive about;  be sorry; used to introduce an unpleasant statement;  be afraid or feel anxious or apprehensive about a possible or probable situation or event;  regard with feelings of respect and reverence; consider hallowed or exalted or be in awe of
  • fears.
  • feasible - adj. capable of being done with means at hand and circumstances as they are
  • feature - noun an article of merchandise that is displayed or advertised more than other articles;  the characteristic parts of a person's face: eyes and nose and mouth and chin;  a prominent aspect of something;  a special or prominent article in a newspaper or magazine;  the principal (full-length) film in a program at a movie theater;  verb have as a feature;  wear or display in an ostentatious or proud manner
  • features.
  • featuring.
  • febrile - adj. of or relating to or characterized by fever
  • fed - noun the central bank of the United States; incorporates 12 Federal Reserve branch banks and all national banks and state charted commercial banks and some trust companies;  any federal law-enforcement officer
  • feedback - noun response to an inquiry or experiment;  the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input in order to regulate its further output
  • feedbacks.
  • feeding - noun the act of supplying food and nourishment;  the act of consuming food
  • feeling - noun the experiencing of affective and emotional states;  an intuitive understanding of something;  a physical sensation that you experience;  the sensation produced by pressure receptors in the skin;  a vague idea in which some confidence is placed;  the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
  • feelings - noun emotional or moral sensitivity (especially in relation to personal principles or dignity)
  • feels.
  • feenstra.
  • feet.
  • feher.
  • feig.
  • feightner.
  • felbamate.
  • feldmann.
  • fell - adj. (of persons or their actions) able or disposed to inflict pain or suffering;  noun the act of felling something (as a tree);  seam made by turning under or folding together and stitching the seamed materials to avoid rough edges;  the dressed skin of an animal (especially a large animal);  verb cause to fall by or as if by delivering a blow;  sew a seam by folding the edges;  pass away rapidly
  • felodipine.
  • felypressin.
  • female - adj. being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces fertilizable gametes (ova) from which offspring develop;  for or pertaining to or composed of women or girls;  characteristic of or peculiar to a woman;  noun an animal that produces gametes (ova) that can be fertilized by male gametes (spermatozoa);  a person who belongs to the sex that can have babies
  • females.
  • feminization - noun the process of becoming feminized; the development of female characteristics (loss of facial hair or breast enlargement) in a male because of hormonal disorders or castration
  • femoral - adj. of or relating to or near the femur or thigh
  • fenfluramine.
  • fenofibrate.
  • fenoterol.
  • fentanyl - noun trade names of a narcotic analgesic that can be inhaled and that acts on the central nervous system and may become addictive; used as a veterinary anesthetic and with other drugs before, during, and after surgery; also used as a nonlethal gas to incapacitate people in hostage situations; also abused as a recreational drug
  • fenticonazole.
  • fermentation - noun a process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances; especially, the anaerobic breakdown of sugar into alcohol;  a state of agitation or turbulent change or development
  • fermented.
  • ferner.
  • ferredoxins.
  • ferro.
  • ferrochelatase.
  • ferrous - adj. of or relating to or containing iron
  • fertile - adj. capable of reproducing;  marked by great fruitfulness; bearing in abundance especially offspring;  intellectually productive
  • fertility - noun the state of being fertile; capable of producing offspring;  the property of producing abundantly and sustaining vigorous and luxuriant growth;  the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 population per year
  • fertilization - noun making fertile as by applying fertilizer or manure; creation by the physical union of male and female gametes; of sperm and ova in an animal or pollen and ovule in a plant
  • fertilizers.
  • fetal - adj. of or relating to a fetus
  • fetogenic.
  • fetoprotein - noun any of several antigens that occur naturally in the fetus and sometimes in adults with cancer
  • fetus - noun an unborn or unhatched vertebrate in the later stages of development showing the main recognizable features of the mature animal
  • fetuses.
  • fev.
  • fever - noun intense nervous anticipation;  a rise in the temperature of the body; frequently a symptom of infection
  • fevers.
  • few - adj. a quantifier that can be used with count nouns and is often preceded by `a'; a small but indefinite number;  noun a small elite group;  an indefinite but relatively small number
  • fewer - adj. (comparative of `few' used with count nouns) quantifier meaning a smaller number of
  • fewest - adj. (superlative of `few' used with count nouns and usually preceded by `the') quantifier meaning the smallest in number
  • fexofenadine.
  • ffa.
  • ffpm.
  • fh.
  • fibrate.
  • fibrates.
  • fibre - noun a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth;  the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions;  a slender and greatly elongated solid substance
  • fibre-rich.
  • fibres.
  • fibrillation - noun act or process of forming fibrils;  muscular twitching involving individual muscle fibers acting without coordination
  • fibrin - noun a white insoluble fibrous protein formed by the action of thrombin on fibrinogen when blood clots; it forms a network that traps red cells and platelets
  • fibrinogen - noun a protein present in blood plasma; converts to fibrin when blood clots
  • fibrinolysis - noun a normal ongoing process that dissolves fibrin and results in the removal of small blood clots
  • fibrinolytic.
  • fibrinolytics.
  • fibro-fatty.
  • fibroblasts.
  • fibrocystic.
  • fibroids.
  • fibroplasia.
  • fibrosing.
  • fibrosis - noun development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ
  • fibrotic.
  • fibrous - adj. (of meat) full of sinews; especially impossible to chew; having or resembling fibers especially fibers used in making cordage such as those of jute
  • field - noun a particular kind of commercial enterprise;  the area that is visible (as through an optical instrument);  all the competitors in a particular contest or sporting event;  all of the horses in a particular horse race;  (mathematics) a set of elements such that addition and multiplication are commutative and associative and multiplication is distributive over addition and there are two elements 0 and 1; (computer science) a set of one or more adjacent characters comprising a unit of information;  a region in which active military operations are in progress;  somewhere (away from a studio or office or library or laboratory) where practical work is done or data is collected;  a piece of land cleared of trees and usually enclosed;  a geographic region (land or sea) under which something valuable is found;  the space around a radiating body within which its electromagnetic oscillations can exert force on another similar body not in contact with it;  a place where planes take off and land;  a branch of knowledge;  a region where a battle is being (or has been) fought;  a piece of land prepared for playing a game;  extensive tract of level open land;  a particular environment or walk of life;  verbselect (a team or individual player) for a game;  answer adequately or successfully;  play as a fielder;  catch or pick up (balls) in baseball or cricket
  • fields - noun United States comedian and film actor (1880-1946)
  • fifth - adj. coming next after the fourth and just before the sixth in position;  noun the musical interval between one note and another five notes away from it;  a quantity of liquor equal to one fifth of a United States gallon;  position five in a countable series of things; one part in five equal parts
  • figg.
  • figure - noun a predetermined set of movements in dancing or skating;  a model of a bodily form (especially of a person);  the impression produced by a person;  a unitary percept having structure and coherence that is the object of attention and that stands out against a ground;  a diagram or picture illustrating textual material; an amount of money expressed numerically;  a combination of points and lines and planes that form a visible palpable shape;  a decorative or artistic work;  the property possessed by a sum or total or indefinite quantity of units or individuals;  alternative names for the body of a human being;  language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense;  a well-known or notable person;  one of the elements that collectively form a system of numeration;  verb understand;  be or play a part of or in;  make a mathematical calculation or computation; judge to be probable;  imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind
  • figures.
  • file - noun a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal;  office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in order;  a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together;  a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other;  verb place in a container for keeping records;  record in a public office or in a court of law;  smooth with a file;  proceed in line;  file a formal charge against
  • files.
  • filling - noun the act of filling something;  (dentistry) a dental appliance consisting of any of various substances (as metal or plastic) inserted into a prepared cavity in a tooth;  a food mixture used to fill pastry or sandwiches etc.;  flow into something (as a container);  any material that fills a space or container;  the yarn woven across the warp yarn in weaving
  • film - noun a thin coating or layer;  photographic material consisting of a base of celluloid covered with a photographic emulsion; used to make negatives or transparencies;  a thin sheet of (usually plastic and usually transparent) material used to wrap or cover things;  a medium that disseminates moving pictures;  a form of entertainment that enacts a story by a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement;  verb make a film or photograph of something;  record in film
  • films.
  • filtered.
  • filtrate - noun the product of filtration; a gas or liquid that has been passed through a filter;  verb remove by passing through a filter
  • filtration - noun the act of changing a fluid by passing it through a filter;  the process whereby fluids pass through a filter or a filtering medium
  • final - adj. not to be altered or undone;  conclusive in a process or progression;  occurring at or forming an end or termination;  noun the final match between the winners of all previous matches in an elimination tournament;  an examination administered at the end of an academic term
  • finally - adv. after a long period of time or an especially long delay; as the end result of a succession or process;  the item at the end
  • finasteride.
  • find - noun the act of discovering something;  a productive insight; verb come to believe on the basis of emotion, intuitions, or indefinite grounds;  succeed in reaching; arrive at;  perceive oneself to be in a certain condition or place;  obtain through effort or management; come upon, as if by accident; meet with;  come upon after searching; find the location of something that was missed or lost;  accept and make use of one's personality, abilities, and situation;  receive a specified treatment (abstract);  make a discovery;  establish after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study;  decide on and make a declaration about;  make a discovery, make a new finding;  perceive or be contemporaneous with;  discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of;  get something or somebody for a specific purpose;  get or find back; recover the use of
  • finding - noun the decision of a court on issues of fact or law; something that is found;  the act of determining the properties of something
  • findings - noun a collection of tools and other articles used by an artisan to make jewelry or clothing or shoes
  • fine - adj. characterized by elegance or refinement or accomplishment;  minutely precise especially in differences in meaning;  free from impurities; having a high or specified degree of purity;  of textures that are smooth to the touch or substances consisting of relatively small particles;  thin in thickness or diameter; being satisfactory or in satisfactory condition;  adv. an expression of agreement normally occurring at the beginning of a sentence;  in a delicate manner;  noun money extracted as a penalty;  verb issue a ticket or a fine to as a penalty
  • finger - noun one of the parts of a glove that provides covering for a finger or thumb;  any of the terminal members of the hand (sometimes excepting the thumb);  the length of breadth of a finger used as a linear measure;  verb indicate the fingering for the playing of musical scores for keyboard instruments;  feel or handle with the fingers;  search for on the computer;  examine by touch
  • fingers.
  • fio.
  • fire - noun the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy;  a fireplace in which a relatively small fire is burning;  intense adverse criticism;  the event of something burning (often destructive);  a severe trial;  the process of combustion of inflammable materials producing heat and light and (often) smoke;  once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles);  feelings of great warmth and intensity;  verb bake in a kiln so as to harden; cause to go off;  go off or discharge;  drive out or away by or as if by fire;  terminate the employment of;  destroy by fire;  start firing a weapon;  call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses);  provide with fuel
  • firestein.
  • firing - noun the act of discharging a gun;  the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart);  the act of setting something on fire;  the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy
  • firm - adj. strong and sure;  unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause;  not soft or yielding to pressure;  possessing the tone and resiliency of healthy tissue;  marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable;  not subject to revision or change;  not liable to fluctuate or especially to fall;  (of especially a person's physical features) not shaking or trembling;  securely fixed in place;  pleasingly firm and fresh and making a crunching noise when chewed;  securely established;  adv. with resolute determination;  noun the members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments;  verb make taut or tauter;  become taut or tauter
  • firmly - adv. with resolute determination;  with firmness;  in a secure manner; in a manner free from danger
  • first - adj. being the gear producing the lowest drive speed;  ranking above all others;  preceding all others in time or space or degree; highest in pitch or chief among parts or voices or instruments or orchestra sections;  indicating the beginning unit in a series;  serving to begin;  serving to set in motion;  adv. before anything else;  the initial time;  before another in time, space, or importance; prominently forward;  noun an honours degree of the highest class; the first element in a countable series;  the first or highest in an ordering or series;  the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed at first of the bases in the infield (counting counterclockwise from home plate);  the lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle; used to start a car moving;  the time at which something is supposed to begin
  • first-choice.
  • first degree - noun a degree of one
  • first-dose.
  • first-generation.
  • first-line.
  • first-order.
  • first-pass.
  • first-rank.
  • firth - noun a long narrow estuary (especially in Scotland);  English linguist who contributed to linguistic semantics and to prosodic phonology and who was noted for his insistence on studying both sound and meaning in context (1890-1960)
  • fish - noun any of various mostly cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills;  the flesh of fish used as food;  the twelfth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about February 19 to March 20;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Pisces;  verb catch or try to catch fish or shellfish;  seek indirectly
  • fishes.
  • fishy - adj. not as expected;  of or relating to or resembling fish
  • fissuring.
  • fistula - noun an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface;  a chronic inflammation of the withers of a horse
  • fistulas.
  • fistulating.
  • fit - adj. physically and mentally sound or healthy;  meeting adequate standards for a purpose;  (usually followed by `to' or `for') on the point of or strongly disposed;  noun the manner in which something fits;  a display of bad temper;  a sudden flurry of activity (often for no obvious reason);  a sudden uncontrollable attack;  verb insert or adjust several objects or people;  make fit;  be the right size or shape; fit correctly or as desired;  conform to some shape or size;  make correspond or harmonize;  provide with (something) usually for a specific purpose;  be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics;  satisfy a condition or restriction;  be agreeable or acceptable to
  • fits.
  • fitted - adj. being the right size and shape to fit as desired
  • fitter - adj. improved in health or physical condition;  noun someone who fits a garment to a particular person
  • fitting - adj. being precisely fitting and right;  in harmony with the spirit of particular persons or occasion;  noun putting clothes on to see whether they fit;  a small and often standardized accessory to a larger system;  (usually plural) furnishings and equipment (especially for a ship or hotel);  making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
  • fitzgerald - noun United States scat singer (born in 1918);  United States novelist (1896-1940);  English poet remembered primarily for his free translation of the poetry of Omar Khayyam (1809-1883)
  • five - adj. being one more than four;  noun the cardinal number that is the sum of four and one;  a team that plays basketball
  • five-fold - adj. having five units or components
  • five-step.
  • fix - noun an exemption granted after influence (e.g., money) is brought to bear;  something craved, especially an intravenous injection of a narcotic drug;  informal terms for a difficult situation;  a determination of the place where something is;  the act of putting something in working order again;  verb make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc;  kill, preserve, and harden (tissue) in order to prepare for microscopic study;  set or place definitely;  make infertile;  restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken;  make fixed, stable or stationary;  decide upon or fix definitely;  take vengeance on or get even;  cause to be firmly attached;  put (something somewhere) firmly;  prepare for eating by applying heat
  • fixation - noun (histology) the preservation and hardening of a tissue sample to retain as nearly as possible the same relations they had in the living body;  the activity of fastening something firmly in position;  an unhealthy and compulsive preoccupation with something or someone;  an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
  • fixed - adj. incapable of being changed or moved or undone; e.g. "frozen prices";  (of a number) having a fixed and unchanging value; securely placed or fastened or set;  fixed and unmoving;  (of taxes) not increasing as the amount taxed increases
  • fj.
  • fl - noun a state in southeastern United States between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
  • flagged.
  • flammable - adj. easily ignited
  • flanking.
  • flap - noun any broad thin and limber covering attached at one edge; hangs loose or projects freely;  a movable airfoil that is part of an aircraft wing; used to increase lift or drag;  a movable piece of tissue partly connected to the body;  the motion made by flapping up and down;  an excited state of agitation;  verb pronounce with a flap, of alveolar sounds;  move noisily;  make a fuss; be agitated;  move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion;  move with a flapping motion;  move with a thrashing motion
  • flare - noun (baseball) a fly ball hit a short distance into the outfield; a device that produces a bright light for warning or illumination or identification;  a burst of light used to communicate or illuminate;  a sudden outburst of emotion;  am unwanted reflection in an optical system (or the fogging of an image that is caused by such a reflection);  a sudden burst of flame;  a shape that spreads outward;  a sudden recurrence or worsening of symptoms;  reddening of the skin spreading outward from a focus of infection or irritation;  a short forward pass to a back who is running toward the sidelines;  a sudden eruption of intense high-energy radiation from the sun's surface; associated with sunspots and radio interference;  verb burn brightly;  shine with a sudden light;  become flared and widen, usually at one end;  erupt or intensify suddenly
  • flashing - adj. emitting light in sudden short or intermittent bursts; noun sheet metal shaped and attached to a roof for strength and weatherproofing;  a short vivid experience
  • flat - adj. commercially inactive;  not reflecting light; not glossy;  (of a tire) completely or partially deflated;  having a relatively broad surface in relation to depth or thickness;  having a surface without slope, tilt in which no part is higher or lower than another;  lacking contrast or shading between tones;  horizontally level;  stretched out and lying at full length along the ground;  sounded or spoken in a tone unvarying in pitch;  lowered in pitch by one chromatic semitone; (of taxes) not increasing as the amount taxed increases;  having lost effervescence;  lacking the expected range or depth; not designed to give an illusion or depth;  not modified or restricted by reservations; lacking stimulating characteristics; uninteresting;  lacking taste or flavor or tang;  flattened laterally along the whole length (e.g., certain leafstalks or flatfishes);  adv. with flat sails;  in a forthright manner; candidly or frankly;  noun scenery consisting of a wooden frame covered with painted canvas; part of a stage setting;  a deflated pneumatic tire;  a shallow box in which seedlings are started;  a musical notation indicating one half step lower than the note named; a level tract of land;  a suite of rooms usually on one floor of an apartment house;  freight car without permanent sides or roof
  • flatten - verb lower the pitch of (musical notes);  become flat or flatter;  make flat or flatter
  • flattening.
  • flattens.
  • flatulence - noun a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal; pompously embellished language
  • flatus - noun a reflex that expels intestinal gas through the anus
  • flavin-containing.
  • flavonoids.
  • flavoproteins.
  • flecainide - noun oral antiarrhythmic medication (trade name Tambocor) used as a last resort in treating arrhythmias; increases the risk of sudden death in heart attack patients
  • fleming - noun a native of Flanders or a Flemish-speaking Belgian; English bacteriologist who discovered penicillin (1881-1955);  British writer famous for writing spy novels about secret agent James Bond (1908-1964)
  • flesh - noun the soft tissue of the body of a vertebrate: mainly muscle tissue and fat;  alternative names for the body of a human being;  a soft moist part of a fruit;  verb remove adhering flesh from (hides) when preparing leather manufacture
  • flexible - adj. bending and snapping back readily without breaking; able to flex; able to bend easily;  capable of being changed;  making or willing to make concessions;  able to adjust readily to different conditions
  • flexible-dose.
  • flexor - noun a skeletal muscle whose contraction bends a joint
  • floating - adj. borne up by or suspended in a liquid;  not definitely committed to a party or policy;  (of a part of the body) not firmly connected; movable or out of normal position;  inclined to move or be moved about;  continually changing especially as from one abode or occupation to another;  noun the act of someone who floats on the water
  • flockhart.
  • flood - noun a large flow;  the act of flooding; filling to overflowing; light that is a source of artificial illumination having a broad beam; used in photography;  the rising of a body of water and its overflowing onto normally dry land;  an overwhelming number or amount;  the occurrence of incoming water (between a low tide and the following high tide);  verb cover with liquid, usually water; become filled to overflowing;  supply with an excess of;  fill quickly beyond capacity; as with a liquid
  • floor - noun the inside lower horizontal surface (as of a room or hallway);  a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale;  a large room in a stock exchange where the trading is done;  the legislative hall where members debate and vote and conduct other business;  the parliamentary right to address an assembly;  a lower limit;  the occupants of a floor;  the bottom surface of any a cave or lake etc.;  the ground on which people and animals move about;  verb knock down with force; surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off
  • floppy - adj. hanging limply;  noun a small plastic magnetic disk enclosed in a stiff envelope with a radial slit; used to store data or programs for a microcomputer
  • flora - noun a living organism lacking the power of locomotion;  all the plant life in a particular region or period
  • florey - noun British pathologist who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1898-1968)
  • florid - adj. inclined to a healthy reddish color often associated with outdoor life;  elaborately or excessively ornamented
  • florida - noun a state in southeastern United States between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
  • flour - noun fine powdery foodstuff obtained by grinding and sifting the meal of a cereal grain;  verb convert grain into flour;  cover with flour
  • flourish - noun (music) a short lively tune played on brass instruments;  the act of waving;  a display of ornamental speech or language;  a showy gesture;  an ornamental embellishment in writing; verb grow stronger;  move or swing back and forth;  gain in wealth
  • flow - noun the act of flowing or streaming; continuous progression; the motion characteristic of fluids (liquids or gases);  any uninterrupted stream or discharge;  the amount of fluid that flows in a given time;  dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas;  the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause; something that resembles a flowing stream in moving continuously; verb cover or swamp with water;  move or progress freely as if in a stream;  cause to flow;  be abundantly present;  undergo menstruation;  fall or flow in a certain way;  move along, of liquids
  • flower - noun reproductive organ of angiosperm plants especially one having showy or colorful parts;  a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms;  the period of greatest prosperity or productivity;  verbproduce or yield flowers
  • flowering - adj. having a flower or bloom;  noun the time and process of budding and unfolding of blossoms;  a developmental process
  • flu - noun an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  • flu-like.
  • flucloxacillin.
  • fluconazole.
  • fluctuate - verb be unstable;  move or sway in a rising and falling or wavelike pattern;  cause to fluctuate or move in a wavelike pattern
  • fluctuates.
  • fluctuating - adj. having unpredictable ups and downs
  • fluctuations.
  • flucytosine.
  • fludrocortisone.
  • fluid - adj. subject to change; variable;  affording change (especially in social status);  in cash or easily convertible to cash;  characteristic of a fluid; capable of flowing and easily changing shape;  smooth and unconstrained in movement;  noun a continuous amorphous substance that tends to flow and to conform to the outline of its container: a liquid or a gas;  a substance that is fluid at room temperature and pressure
  • fluidity - noun a changeable quality;  the property of flowing easily
  • fluids.
  • flumazenil.
  • fluoride - noun a salt of hydrofluoric acid
  • fluorinated.
  • fluorine - noun a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • fluorocytosine.
  • fluorohydrocortisone.
  • fluoroquinolone.
  • fluoroquinolones.
  • fluoroquinones.
  • fluorouracil - noun an antimetabolite used to treat certain cancers
  • fluoxetine - noun a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Prozac)
  • flupentixol.
  • fluphenazine - noun tranquilizer used to treat psychotic disorders
  • fluphenazinea.
  • fluphenthixola.
  • flush - adj. of a surface exactly even with an adjoining one, forming the same plane;  having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value;  adv. squarely or solidly;  in the same plane; noun a sudden rapid flow (as of water);  a poker hand with all 5 cards in the same suit;  sudden reddening of the face (as from embarrassment or guilt or shame or modesty);  the swift release of a store of affective force;  a rosy color (especially in the cheeks) taken as a sign of good health;  sudden brief sensation of heat (associated with menopause and some mental disorders);  the period of greatest prosperity or productivity;  verb cause to flow or flood with or as if with water;  flow freely;  rinse, clean, or empty with a liquid;  make level or straight;  turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame;  irrigate with water from a sluice;  polish and make shiny
  • flushes.
  • flushing.
  • flutamide.
  • fluticasone.
  • flutter - noun abnormally rapid beating of the auricles of the heart (especially in a regular rhythm); can result in heart block;  the act of moving back and forth;  the motion made by flapping up and down;  a disorderly outburst or tumult;  verb flag the wings rapidly or fly with flapping movements;  wink briefly;  move back and forth very rapidly; beat rapidly;  move along rapidly and lightly; skim or dart
  • fluvoxamine.
  • flux - noun in constant change;  a flow or discharge;  a state of uncertainty about what should be done (usually following some important event) preceding the establishment of a new direction of action;  excessive discharge of liquid from a cavity or organ (as in watery diarrhea);  a substance added to molten metals to bond with impurities that can then be readily removed;  the rate of flow of energy or particles across a given surface;  (physics) the number of changes in energy flow across a given surface per unit area;  the lines of force surrounding a permanent magnet or a moving charged particle;  verb mix together different elements;  become liquid or fluid when heated;  move or progress freely as if in a stream
  • fly - adj. (British informal) not to be deceived or hoodwinked;  noun(baseball) a hit that flies up in the air;  two-winged insects characterized by active flight;  an opening in a garment that is closed by a zipper or by buttons concealed under a fold of cloth; fisherman's lure consisting of a fishhook decorated to look like an insect;  flap consisting of a piece of canvas that can be drawn back to provide entrance to a tent;  verb change quickly from one emotional state to another;  hit a fly;  transport by aeroplane;  be dispersed or disseminated;  travel in an airplane;  move quickly or suddenly;  travel over (an area of land or sea) in an aircraft;  cause to fly or float;  travel through the air; be airborne;  fly a plane;  pass away rapidly;  display in the air or cause to float;  decrease rapidly and disappear;  run away quickly
  • fm - noun modulation of the frequency of the (radio) carrier wave;  a radioactive transuranic metallic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons
  • fmedsci.
  • foam - noun a mass of small bubbles formed in or on a liquid;  a lightweight material in cellular form; made by introducing gas bubbles during manufacture;  verb form bubbles
  • focal - adj. having or localized centrally at a focus;  of or relating to a focus
  • foci.
  • focus - noun maximum clarity or distinctness of an image rendered by an optical system;  maximum clarity or distinctness of an idea;  the concentration of attention or energy on something;  a fixed reference point on the concave side of a conic section;  a point of convergence of light (or other radiation) or a point from which it diverges;  a central point or locus of an infection in an organism;  special emphasis attached to something;  verb put (an image) into focus;  become focussed or come into focus;  cause to converge on or toward a central point;  direct one's attention on something;  bring into focus or alignment; to converge or cause to converge; of ideas or emotions
  • focused - adj. of an optical system (e.g. eye or opera glasses) adjusted to produce a clear image;  (of light rays) converging on a point;  being in focus or brought into focus;  concentrated on or clustered around a central point or purpose
  • focuses.
  • focussed - adj. (of light rays) converging on a point;  being in focus or brought into focus
  • folate - noun a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
  • fold - noun the act of folding;  a pen for sheep;  a folded part (as in skin or muscle);  a geological process that causes a bend in a stratum of rock;  an angular or rounded shape made by folding;  a group of sheep or goats;  a group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church;  verb incorporate a food ingredient into a mixture by repeatedly turning it over without stirring or beating;  become folded or folded up;  bend or lay so that one part covers the other;  intertwine;  confine in a fold, like sheep; cease to operate or cause to cease operating
  • folic.
  • folinic.
  • follicle - noun any small spherical group of cells containing a cavity
  • follicle-stimulating.
  • follicular - adj. of or relating to or constituting a follicle
  • follitropin.
  • follow - verb behave in accordance or in agreement with;  grasp the meaning;  travel along a certain course;  to travel behind, go after, come after;  adhere to or practice;  accept and follow the leadership or command or guidance of;  come as a logical consequence; follow logically;  come after in time, as a result;  be next;  to bring something about at a later time than;  keep informed;  keep to;  follow, discover, or ascertain the course of development of something;  perform an accompaniment to;  imitate in behavior; take as a model;  follow in or as if in pursuit;  keep under surveillance;  choose and follow; as of theories, ideas, policies, strategies or plans;  be the successor (of); work in a specific place, with a specific subject, or in a specific function;  follow with the eyes or the mind;  act in accordance with someone's rules, commands, or wishes;  to be the product or result; be later in time
  • followed.
  • followers - noun a group of followers or enthusiasts
  • following - adj. about to be mentioned or specified;  immediately following in time or order;  going or proceeding or coming after in the same direction;  in the desired direction;  noun a group of followers or enthusiasts;  the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture
  • follows.
  • fomiversen.
  • fondaparinux.
  • food - noun any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue;  anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking;  any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
  • foods.
  • foolproof - adj. not liable to failure;  verb proof against human misuse or error
  • foot - noun travel by walking;  any of various organs of locomotion or attachment in invertebrates;  a support resembling a pedal extremity; the part of the leg of a human being below the ankle joint;  the lower part of anything;  a member of a surveillance team who works on foot or rides as a passenger;  a linear unit of length equal to 12 inches or a third of a yard;  the pedal extremity of vertebrates other than human beings;  lowest support of a structure;  (prosody) a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm;  an army unit consisting of soldiers who fight on foot;  verb add a column of numbers;  walk;  pay for something
  • for.
  • force - noun physical energy or intensity;  a powerful effect or influence;  a group of people having the power of effective action; group of people willing to obey orders;  (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity;  a putout of a base runner who is required to run; the putout is accomplished by holding the ball while touching the base to which the runner must advance before the runner reaches that base;  an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists);  (of a law) having legal validity;  a unit that is part of some military service;  one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority;  verb impose or thrust urgently, importunately, or inexorably;  do forcibly; exert force;  force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;  cause to move by pulling; squeeze like a wedge into a tight space;  take by force;  urge or force (a person) to an action; constrain or motivate;  move with force, "He pushed the table into a corner";  to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city"
  • forced - adj. made necessary by an unexpected situation or emergency;  forced or compelled;  produced by or subjected to forcing;  lacking spontaneity; not natural
  • ford - noun the act of crossing a stream or river by wading or in a car or on a horse;  a shallow area in a stream that can be forded; United States manufacturer of automobiles who pioneered mass production (1863-1947);  38th President of the United States; appointed vice president and succeeded Nixon when Nixon resigned (1913-);  English writer and editor (1873-1939);  son of Henry Ford (1893-1943);  grandson of Henry Ford (1917-1987);  United States film maker (1896-1973);  verb cross a river where it's shallow
  • forearm - noun the part of the superior limb between the elbow and the wrist;  verb arm in advance of a confrontation
  • forebrain - noun the anterior portion of the brain; the part of the brain that develops from the anterior part of the neural tube
  • foreign - adj. relating to or originating in or characteristic of another place or part of the world;  of concern to or concerning the affairs of other nations (other than your own);  not contained in or deriving from the essential nature of something;  not belonging to that in which it is contained; introduced from an outside source
  • forerunner - noun an indication of the approach of something or someone;  a person who goes before or announces the coming of another;  anything that precedes something similar in time
  • forests.
  • foreword - noun a short introductory essay preceding the text of a book
  • forget - verb be unable to remember;  dismiss from the mind; stop remembering;  leave behind unintentionally;  forget to do something
  • forgetting.
  • form - noun a mold for setting concrete;  the visual appearance of something or someone;  a particular mode in which something is manifested;  an ability to perform well;  a perceptual structure;  the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something;  a printed document with spaces in which to write;  an arrangement of the elements in a composition or discourse;  (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups;  the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance;  a life-size dummy used to display clothes;  any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline);  alternative names for the body of a human being;  a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality;  a body of students who are taught together; (physical chemistry) a distinct state of matter in a system; matter that is identical in chemical composition and physical state and separated from other material by the phase boundary;  verb assume a form or shape;  create (as an entity);  to compose or represent:"This wall forms the background of the stage setting"; develop into a distinctive entity;  give shape or form to;  make something, usually for a specific function;  establish or impress firmly in the mind
  • formal - adj. being in accord with established forms and conventions and requirements (as e.g. of formal dress);  (of spoken and written language) adhering to traditional standards of correctness and without casual, contracted, and colloquial forms;  logically deductive; characteristic of or befitting a person in authority;  refined or imposing in manner or appearance; befitting a royal court;  represented in simplified or symbolic form;  noun a gown for evening wear;  a lavish dance requiring formal attire
  • formation - noun the fabrication of something in a particular shape; creation by mental activity;  a particular spatial arrangement;  an arrangement of people or things acting as a unit;  natural process that causes something to form;  the act of forming something; (geology) the geological features of the earth
  • formed - adj. fully developed as by discipline or training;  having taken on a definite arrangement;  having or given a form or shape; clearly defined;  formed in the mind
  • former - adj. referring to the first of two things or persons mentioned (or the earlier one or ones of several);  (used especially of persons) of the immediate past;  belonging to the distant past;  belonging to some prior time;  noun the first of two or the first mentioned of two
  • formerly - adv. at a previous time
  • forming.
  • forms.
  • formularies.
  • formulary - adj. of or relating to or of the nature of a formula;  noun(pharmacology) a book containing a compilation of pharmaceutical products with their formulas and methods of preparation
  • formulate - verb prepare according to a formula;  elaborate, as of theories and hypotheses;  put into words or an expression;  come up with (an idea, plan, explanation, theory, or principle) after a mental effort
  • formulated - adj. devised; developed according to an orderly plan
  • formulation - noun the style of expressing yourself;  a substance prepared according to a formula;  inventing or contriving an idea or explanation and formulating it mentally
  • formulations.
  • fortification - noun the addition of an ingredient for the purpose of enrichment (as the addition of alcohol to wine or the addition of vitamins to food);  defensive structure consisting of walls or mounds built around a stronghold to strengthen it;  the art or science of strengthening defenses
  • fortnightly - adj. occurring every two weeks;  adv. every two weeks
  • fortunately - adv. by good fortune
  • forty - adj. being ten more than thirty;  noun the cardinal number that is the product of ten and four
  • fosphenytoin.
  • fossa - noun largest carnivore of Madagascar; intermediate in some respects between cats and civets;  monotypic genus of Madagascar civets closely related to palm civets;  a concavity in a surface (especially an anatomical depression)
  • found - adj. come upon unexpectedly or after searching;  noun food and lodging provided in addition to money;  verb use as a basis for; found on;  set up or lay the groundwork for;  set up or found
  • founded - adj. having a basis; often used as combining terms
  • four - adj. being one more than three;  noun the cardinal number that is the sum of three and one
  • four-drug.
  • four-hourly.
  • four-week.
  • fourhourly.
  • fourth - adj. coming next after the third and just before the fifth in position or time or degree or magnitude;  adv. in the fourth place; noun the musical interval between one note and another four notes away from it;  following the third position; number four in a countable series;  one of four equal parts
  • foxglove - noun any of several plants of the genus Digitalis
  • fp.
  • fraction - noun a small part or item forming a piece of a whole;  the quotient of two rational numbers;  a component of a mixture that has been separated by a fractional process;  verb perform a division
  • fractional - adj. constituting or comprising a part or fraction of a possible whole or entirety
  • fracture - noun the act of cracking something;  breaking of hard tissue such as bone;  (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other;  verbfracture a bone of;  break (a bone);  become fractured;  violate or abuse;  break into pieces;  interrupt, break, or destroy
  • fractures.
  • fragment - noun an incomplete piece;  a piece broken off or cut off of something else;  a broken piece of a brittle artifact;  verb break or cause to break into pieces
  • fragments.
  • fraikin.
  • frail - adj. physically weak;  easily broken or damaged or destroyed; having the attributes of man as opposed to e.g. divine beings;  nouna basket for holding dried fruit (especially raisins or figs);  the weight of a frail (basket) full of raisins or figs; between 50 and 75 pounds
  • framingham.
  • francisco.
  • frank - adj. clearly manifest; evident;  characterized by directness in manner or speech; without subtlety or evasion;  noun a smooth-textured sausage of minced beef or pork usually smoked; often served on a bread roll;  a member of the ancient Germanic peoples who spread from the Rhine into the Roman Empire in the 4th century;  verb exempt by means of an official pass or letter, as from customs or other checks;  stamp with a postmark to indicate date and time of mailing
  • franklin - noun a landowner (14th and 15th centuries) who was free but not of noble birth;  printer whose success as an author led him to take up politics; he helped draw up the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution; he played a major role in the American Revolution and negotiated French support for the colonists; as a scientist he is remembered particularly for his research in electricity (1706-1790);  United States historian noted for studies of Black American history (born in 1915)
  • frcp.
  • free - adj. not literal;  unconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion; able to act at will; not hampered; not under compulsion or restraint; not held in servitude;  not occupied or in use;  not fixed in position; not taken up by scheduled activities;  costing nothing;  adv. without restraint;  noun people who are free;  verb free or remove obstruction from;  grant freedom to; free from confinement;  free from obligations or duties;  make (information) available publication;  make (assets) available;  let off the hook;  remove or force out from a position;  part with a possession or right;  relieve from;  grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to
  • free radical - noun an atom or group of atoms with at least one unpaired electron; in the body it is usually an oxygen molecule than has lost an electron and will stabilize itself by stealing an electron from a nearby molecule
  • freedman - noun a person who has been freed from slavery
  • freedom - noun the condition of being free; the power to act or speak or think without externally imposed restraints;  immunity from an obligation or duty
  • freely - adv. in a free manner
  • freeman - noun a person who is not a serf or a slave
  • frees.
  • freezing - noun the withdrawal of heat to change something from a liquid to a solid
  • frequencies.
  • frequency - noun the number of observations in a given statistical category;  the ratio of the number of observations in a statistical category to the total number of observations;  the number of occurrences within a given time period
  • frequent - adj. frequently encountered;  coming at short intervals or habitually;  verb be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place;  do one's shopping at; do business with; be a customer or client of
  • frequently - adv. many times at short intervals
  • fresh - adj. improperly forward or bold;  not yet used or soiled; recently made, produced, or harvested;  not rotten;  not canned or otherwise preserved;  not containing or composed of salt water;  (of a cycle) beginning or occurring again;  original and of a kind not seen before;  not soured or preserved;  with restored energy;  having recently calved and therefore able to give milk;  imparting vitality and energy;  free from impurities;  adv. very recently
  • freshwater - noun water that is not salty
  • friable - adj. (used of soil) loose and large-grained in consistency; easily broken into small fragments or reduced to powder
  • fricchione.
  • friedreich.
  • fringe - noun edging consisting of hanging threads or tassels;  a social group holding marginal or extreme views;  a part of the city far removed from the center;  the outside boundary or surface of something;  verb decorate with or as if with a surrounding fringe; adorn with a fringe
  • frishman.
  • from.
  • front - adj. relating to or located in the front;  noun the side that is seen or that goes first;  the outward appearance of a person;  the side that is forward or prominent;  the part of something that is nearest to the normal viewer;  (meteorology) the atmospheric phenomenon created at the boundary between two different air masses;  a sphere of activity involving effort;  a group of people with a common ideology who try together to achieve certain general goals;  the line along which opposing armies face each other;  the immediate proximity of someone or something;  a person used as a cover for some questionable activity;  verb confront bodily;  be oriented in a certain direction, often with respect to another reference point; be opposite to
  • frontal - adj. belonging to the front part;  of or adjacent to the forehead or frontal bone;  meeting front to front;  of or relating to the front of an advancing mass of air;  noun a drapery that covers the front of an altar;  the face or front of a building;  an adornment worn on the forehead
  • frozen - adj. not convertible to cash;  turned into ice; affected by freezing or by long and severe cold;  not thawed;  absolutely still; incapable of being changed or moved or undone; e.g. "frozen prices";  (used of foods) preserved by freezing sufficiently rapidly to retain flavor and nutritional value;  devoid of warmth and cordiality; expressive of unfriendliness or disdain
  • fruit - noun the consequence of some effort or action;  the ripened reproductive body of a seed plant;  an amount of a product;  verbbear fruit;  cause to bear fruit
  • fruits.
  • fs.
  • fsh - noun a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary and stimulates growth of Graafian follicles in female mammals, and activates the cells in male mammals that form sperm
  • ft - noun a linear unit of length equal to 12 inches or a third of a yard
  • fugh-berman.
  • fulfil - verb fill or meet a want or need;  put in effect;  fulfil the requirements or expectations of
  • full - adj. having the normally expected amount;  complete in extent or degree and in every particular;  containing as much or as many as is possible or normal;  (of sound) having marked depth and body; filled to satisfaction with food or drink;  having ample fabric; constituting the full quantity or extent; complete;  being at a peak or culminating point;  adv. to the greatest degree or extent; completely or entirely; (`full' in this sense is used as a combining form);  nounthe time when the moon is fully illuminated;  verb make (a garment) fuller by pleating or gathering;  beat for the purpose of cleaning and thickening;  increase in phase
  • full-length - adj. complete;  representing the full height of the human figure;  accommodating the full height of the human figure
  • fuller - noun a workman who fulls (cleans and thickens) freshly woven cloth for a living;  United States architect who invented the geodesic dome (1895-1983);  United States jurist and chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1833-1910)
  • fullness - noun the property of a sensation that is rich and pleasing; greatness of volume;  the condition of being filled to capacity; completeness over a broad scope
  • fully - adv. to the greatest degree or extent; completely or entirely; (`full' in this sense is used as a combining form);  sufficiently; more than adequately;  referring to a quantity
  • fulminant - adj. sudden and severe
  • fulvestrant.
  • function - noun the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group;  what something is used for;  a formal or official social gathering or ceremony;  a relation such that one thing is dependent on another;  a mathematical relation such that each element of one set is associated with at least one element of another set;  a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program;  a vaguely specified social event;  verb perform as expected when applied;  perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function;  serve a purpose, role, or function
  • functional - adj. designed for or capable of a particular function or use;  involving or affecting function rather than physiology;  designed for or adapted to a function or use;  fit or ready for use or service; relating to or based on function especially as opposed to structure; (of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing
  • functionalization.
  • functionally - adv. with respect to function
  • functioning - adj. performing or able to perform its regular function; noun process or manner of functioning or operating
  • functions.
  • fundamentals - noun principles from which other truths can be derived
  • funding - noun the act of financing;  financial resources provided to make some project possible
  • fundoscopy.
  • fundus - noun (anatomy) the base of a hollow organ or that part of the organ farthest from its opening
  • fungal - adj. of or relating to fungi
  • fungi - noun (pun) the one who buys the drinks;  the taxonomic kingdom of lower plants
  • fungicidal - adj. capable of destroying fungi
  • fungistatic.
  • fungus - noun a parasitic plant lacking chlorophyll and leaves and true stems and roots and reproducing by spores
  • funny - adj. experiencing odd bodily sensations;  beyond or deviating from the usual or expected;  arousing or provoking laughter;  not as expected;  noun an account of an amusing incident (usually with a punch line)
  • furberg.
  • furchgott.
  • furosemide - noun commonly used diuretic (trade name Lasix) used to treat hypertension and edema
  • further - adj. more distant in especially degree;  adv. to or at a greater extent or degree or a more advanced stage (`further' is used more often than `farther' in this abstract sense);  in addition or furthermore;  to or at a greater distance in time or space (`farther' is used more frequently than `further' in this physical sense);  verbpromote the growth of;  contribute to the progress or growth of
  • furthermore - adv. in addition
  • fusidate.
  • fusidic.
  • fusion - noun the act of fusing (or melting) together;  correction of an unstable part of the spine by joining two or more vertebrae; usually done surgically but sometimes done by traction or immobilization; the combining of images from the two eyes to form a single visual percept;  an occurrence that involves the production of a union;  a nuclear reaction in which nuclei combine to form more massive nuclei with the simultaneous release of energy;  the merging of adjacent sounds or syllables or words;  the state of being combined into one body
  • fusobacterium.
  • futher.
  • futile - adj. producing no result or effect;  unproductive of success
  • future - adj. coming at a subsequent time or stage;  (of elected officers) elected but not yet serving;  yet to be or coming;  effective in or looking toward the future;  a verb tense or other formation referring to events or states that have not yet happened;  noun bulk commodities bought or sold at an agreed price for delivery at a specified future date;  a verb tense that expresses actions or states in the future;  the time yet to come
  • fvc.

Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

G

  • g - noun the 7th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated;  (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation;  a unit of information equal to one billion (1,073,741,824) bytes or 1024 megabytes;  a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
  • g-csf.
  • g-protein.
  • g-proteinmediated.
  • g-proteins.
  • ga - noun a state in southeastern United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War;  a rare silvery (usually trivalent) metallic element; brittle at low temperatures but liquid above room temperature; occurs in trace amounts in bauxite and zinc ores;  the first known nerve agent, synthesized by German chemists in 1936; a highly toxic combustible liquid that is soluble in organic solvents and is used as a nerve gas in chemical warfare
  • gaba - noun an amino acid that is found in the central nervous system; acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter
  • gaba-b.
  • gaba-mediated.
  • gaba-producing.
  • gabaa.
  • gabapentin.
  • gabatransaminase.
  • gaddum.
  • gain - noun the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating;  the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input;  the advantageous quality of being beneficial;  a quantity that is added; verb increase (one's body weight);  increase in;  obtain advantages, such as points, etc.;  earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as salary or wages;  rise in rate or price;  reach a destination, either real or abstract;  win something through one's efforts;  derive a benefit from;  obtain
  • gained.
  • gaining.
  • gains.
  • galactorrhoea.
  • galantamine.
  • gale - noun a strong wind moving 45-90 knots; force 7 to 10 on Beaufort scale
  • galetin.
  • gall - noun abnormal swelling of plant tissue caused by insects or microorganisms or injury;  a skin sore caused by chafing;  the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take liberties;  a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats;  a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will;  an open sore on the back of a horse caused by ill-fitting or badly adjusted saddle;  verb irritate or vex;  become or make sore by or as if by rubbing
  • gall-bladder.
  • gallstone - noun a calculus formed in the gall bladder or its ducts
  • gallstones.
  • game - adj. willing to face danger;  disabled in the feet or legs;  nounan amusement or pastime;  a contest with rules to determine a winner;  a single play of a sport or other contest;  frivolous or trifling behavior;  your occupation or line of work;  animal hunted for food or sport;  the game equipment needed in order to play a particular game;  the flesh of wild animals that is used for food;  (games) the score at a particular point or the score needed to win;  a secret scheme to do something (especially something underhand or illegal);  verb place a bet on
  • games.
  • gamma-benzene.
  • gamma globulin - noun a plasma protein containing the immunoglobulins that are responsible for immune responses
  • gamut - noun a complete extent or range: "a face that expressed a gamut of emotions";  the entire scale of musical notes
  • ganciclovir.
  • ganglia.
  • ganglion - noun an encapsulated neural structure consisting of a collection of cell bodies or neurons
  • gangrene - noun necrotic tissue; a mortified or gangrenous part or mass;  the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply);  verb undergo necrosis
  • ganguly.
  • ganong.
  • gap - noun a narrow opening;  a conspicuous disparity or difference as between two figures;  a difference (especially an unfortunate difference) between two opinions or two views or two situations;  an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity;  a pass between mountain peaks;  an open or empty space in or between things;  verbmake an opening or gap in
  • gargling.
  • garlic - noun aromatic bulb used as seasoning;  bulbous herb of southern Europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong-flavored cloves
  • gas - noun the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscosity; relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature; the ability to diffuse readily; and the spontaneous tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container; a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely;  a pedal that controls the throttle valve;  a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal;  a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal-combustion engines;  a fossil fuel in the gaseous state; used for cooking and heating homes;  verb attack with gas; subject to gas fumes;  show off
  • gascontaining.
  • gaseous - adj. existing as or having characteristics of a gas
  • gases.
  • gass.
  • gastaut.
  • gastrectomy - noun surgical removal of all or part of the stomach
  • gastric - adj. relating to or involving the stomach
  • gastrin - noun polypeptide hormone secreted by the mucous lining of the stomach; induces the secretion of gastric juice
  • gastrinsecreting.
  • gastritis - noun inflammation of the lining of the stomach; nausea and loss of appetite and discomfort after eating
  • gastro-duodenal.
  • gastro-enteropancreatic.
  • gastro-intestinal.
  • gastro-oesophageal.
  • gastro-toxicity.
  • gastroenteritis - noun inflammation of the stomach and intestines; can be caused by Salmonella enteritidis
  • gastroenterologist - noun a physician who specializes in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
  • gastroenterology - noun the branch of medicine that studies the gastrointestinal tract and its diseases
  • gastroenterostomy - noun surgical creation of an opening between the stomach wall and the small intestines; performed when the normal opening has been eliminated
  • gastrointestinal - adj. of or relating to the stomach and intestines
  • gastrooesophageal.
  • gastroparesis.
  • gastroprotection.
  • gastroprotective.
  • gastroscopy - noun visual examination of the stomach by means of a gastroscope inserted through the esophagus
  • gastrotoxic.
  • gastrotoxicity.
  • gate - noun a movable barrier in a fence or wall;  a computer circuit with several inputs but only one output that can be activated by particular combinations of inputs;  passageway (as in an air terminal) where passengers can embark or disembark;  total admission receipts at a sports event;  verb restrict (school boys') movement to the dormitory or campus as a means of punishment;  control with a valve or other device that functions like a gate;  supply with a gate
  • gates - noun United States computer entrepreneur whose software company made him the youngest multi-billionaire in the history of the United States (born in 1955)
  • gatifloxacin.
  • gating.
  • gaucher.
  • gaze - noun a long fixed look;  verb look at with fixed eyes
  • gb - noun a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland;  a unit of information equal to one billion (1,073,741,824) bytes or 1024 megabytes;  a unit of magnetomotive force equal to 0.7958 ampere-turns;  a highly toxic chemical nerve agent that inhibits the activity of cholinesterase
  • gcp.
  • gcses.
  • gd - noun a ductile silvery-white ductile ferromagnetic trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group;  a nerve agent easily absorbed into the body; a lethal cholinesterase inhibitor that is highly toxic when inhaled
  • gdp - noun measure of the United States economy adopted in 1991; the total market values of goods and services by produced by workers and capital within the United States borders during a given period (usually 1 year)
  • gefitinib.
  • gel - noun a colloid in a more solid form than a sol;  a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects;  verb become a gel;  apply a styling gel to
  • gelatin - noun a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects;  an edible jelly (sweet or pungent) made with gelatin and used as a dessert or salad base or a coating for foods;  a colorless water-soluble glutinous protein obtained from animal tissues such as bone and skin
  • gelatinosa.
  • gels.
  • gemcitabine.
  • gemeprost.
  • gemfibrozil - noun medication (trade name Lopid) used to lower the levels of triglyceride in the blood
  • gene - noun (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity
  • gene-gun.
  • gene-modulating.
  • gene-related.
  • general - adj. prevailing among and common to the general public; not specialized or limited to one class of things;  applying to all or most members of a category or group;  of national scope;  affecting the entire body;  somewhat indefinite;  of worldwide scope or applicability;  noun a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular); a general officer of the highest rank;  the head of a religious order or congregation;  verb command as a general
  • generality - noun the quality of being general or widespread or having general applicability;  an idea or conclusion having general application
  • generalization - noun (psychology) transfer of a response learned to one stimulus to a similar stimulus;  reasoning from detailed facts to general principles;  an idea or conclusion having general application; the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances
  • generalized - adj. spread throughout a body or system;  not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
  • generally - adv. without distinction of one from others;  usually; as a rule;  without regard to specific details or exceptions
  • generate - verb bring into existence;  produce (energy);  make children;  give or supply
  • generated.
  • generation - noun the act of producing offspring or multiplying by such production;  the production of heat or electricity;  group of genetically related organisms constituting a single step in the line of descent;  the normal time between successive generations;  a stage of technological development or innovation;  a coming into being;  all the people living at the same time or of approximately the same age
  • generations.
  • generic - adj. applicable to an entire class or group;  (of drugs) not protected by trademark;  relating to or common to or descriptive of all members of a genus;  noun any product that can be sold without a brand name;  a wine that is a blend of several varieties of grapes with no one grape predominating; a wine that does not carry the name of any specific grape
  • generous - adj. more than adequate;  willing to give and share unstintingly;  not petty in character and mind
  • genes.
  • genesis - noun the first book of the Old Testament: tells of creation; Adam and Eve; the Fall of Man; Cain and Abel; Noah and the flood; God's covenant with Abraham; Abraham and Isaac; Jacob and Esau; Joseph and his brothers;  a coming into being
  • genetic - adj. of or relating to the science of genetics;  pertaining to or referring to origin;  tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity;  of or relating to or produced by or being a gene
  • genetically - adv. by genetic mechanisms
  • genetics - noun the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
  • geneva - noun gin made in the Netherlands;  a city in southwestern Switzerland at the western end of Lake Geneva; it is the headquarters of various international organizations
  • genistein.
  • genital - adj. of or relating to the external sex organs
  • genito-urinary.
  • genome - noun the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism
  • genomes.
  • genomic.
  • genomics - noun the branch of genetics that studies organisms in terms of their genomes (their full DNA sequences)
  • genotherapy.
  • genotype - noun the particular alleles at specified loci present in an organism;  a group of organisms sharing a specific genetic constitution
  • genotyped.
  • genotypes.
  • genotypic - adj. of or relating to or constituting a genotype
  • genotyping.
  • gentamicin - noun an antibiotic (trade name Garamycin) that is derived from an actinomycete; used in treating infections of the urinary tract
  • genteel - adj. marked by refinement in taste and manners
  • gentisic.
  • gentle - adj. having or showing a kindly or tender nature;  quiet and soothing;  soft and mild; not harsh or stern or severe;  marked by moderate steepness;  having little impact;  belonging to or characteristic of the nobility or aristocracy;  easily handled or managed;  verb stroke soothingly;  cause to be more favorably inclined; gain the good will of;  give a title to someone; make someone a member of the nobility
  • genus - noun a general kind of something;  (biology) taxonomic group containing one or more species
  • geographical - adj. determined by geography;  of or relating to the science of geography
  • geriatric - adj. of or relating to or practicing geriatrics;  of or relating to the aged
  • gerich.
  • germ - noun a small apparently simple structure (as a fertilized egg) from which new tissue can develop into a complete organism;  a minute life form (especially a disease-causing bacterium); the term is not in technical use;  anything that provides inspiration for later work
  • germ-line.
  • germany - noun a republic in central Europe; split into East German and West Germany after World War II and reunited in 1990
  • germinal - adj. containing seeds of later development;  noun seventh month of the Revolutionary calendar (March and April); the month of buds
  • gersh.
  • gestadene.
  • gestadine.
  • gestation - noun the conception and development of an idea or plan;  the period during which an embryo develops (about 266 days in humans);  the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
  • gestational - adj. of or relating to gestation
  • gestodene.
  • get - noun a return on a shot that seemed impossible to reach and would normally have resulted in a point for the opponent;  verb cause to move; cause to be in a certain position or condition;  reach by calculation;  communicate with a place or person; establish communication with, as if by telephone;  succeed in catching or seizing, especially after a chase;  reach with a blow or hit in a particular spot;  overcome or destroy;  evoke an emotional response; irritate;  reach and board;  receive as a retribution or punishment; purchase;  come into the possession of something concrete or abstract;  acquire as a result of some effort or action;  make children; undergo (as of injuries and illnesses);  be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness;  come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes);  give certain properties to something;  enter or assume a certain state or condition;  take the first step or steps in carrying out an action;  receive a specified treatment (abstract); grasp with the mind or develop an understanding of;  be a mystery or bewildering to;  cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner; move into a desired direction of discourse;  take vengeance on or get even;  go or come after and bring or take back;  attract and fix;  earn or achieve a base by being walked by the pitcher;  apprehend and reproduce accurately;  reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress;  leave immediately; used usually in the imperative form;  go through (mental or physical states or experiences);  suffer from the receipt of;  perceive by hearing;  achieve a point or goal
  • getting - noun the act of acquiring something
  • gf.
  • gfr.
  • gh.
  • gh-release-inhibiting.
  • gh-releasing.
  • gh-secreting.
  • ghrh.
  • gi - adj. of or relating to the stomach and intestines;  noun a unit of magnetomotive force equal to 0.7958 ampere-turns;  verb clean in preparation for inspection
  • giant - adj. of great mass; huge and bulky;  noun any creature of exceptional size;  an unusually large enterprise;  an imaginary figure of superhuman size and strength; appears in folklore and fair tales; someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful;  a very large person; impressive in size or qualities;  a very bright star of large diameter and low density (relative to the Sun);  a person of exceptional importance and reputation
  • giant-cell.
  • giardiasis - noun infection of the intestines with protozoa found in contaminated food and water; characterized by diarrhea and nausea and flatulence and abdominal discomfort
  • gibson - noun United States tennis player who was the first Black woman player to win all the major world singles titles (1927-2003); Australian actor (born in the United States in 1956);  United States illustrator remembered for his creation of the `Gibson girl' (1867-1944)
  • giddiness - noun an impulsive scatterbrained manner;  a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
  • gigantism - noun excessive largeness of stature;  excessive size; usually caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • gilbert - noun United States architect who influenced the development of the skyscraper (1859-1934);  English navigator who in 1583 established in Newfoundland the first English colony in North America (1539-1583);  English court physician noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1540-1603);  a librettist who was a collaborator with Sir Arthur Sullivan in a famous series of comic operettas (1836-1911);  a unit of magnetomotive force equal to 0.7958 ampere-turns
  • gill - noun respiratory organ of aquatic animals that breathe oxygen dissolved in water;  any of the radiating leaflike spore-producing structures on the underside of the cap of a mushroom or similar fungus;  a United States liquid unit equal to 4 fluid ounces;  a British imperial capacity unit (liquid or dry) equal to 5 fluid ounces or 142.066 cubic centimeters
  • gilmourwhite.
  • gingivitis - noun inflammation of the gums
  • gingko - noun deciduous dioecious Chinese tree having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seeds; exists almost exclusively in cultivation especially as an ornamental street tree
  • ginkgo - noun deciduous dioecious Chinese tree having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seeds; exists almost exclusively in cultivation especially as an ornamental street tree
  • ginkgolide.
  • ginkgolides.
  • gins.
  • ginseng - noun Chinese herb with palmately compound leaves and small greenish flowers and forked aromatic roots believed to have medicinal powers;  aromatic root of ginseng plants
  • ginsenoside.
  • girl - noun a young woman;  a friendly informal reference to a grown woman;  a female human offspring;  a youthful female person;  a girl or young woman with whom a man is romantically involved
  • girls.
  • give - noun the elasticity of something that can be stretched and returns to its original length;  verb proffer (a body part);  consent to engage in sexual intercourse with a man;  occur;  estimate the duration or outcome of something;  dedicate;  inflict as a punishment; allow to have or take;  guide or direct, as by behavior of persuasion; submit for consideration, judgment, or use;  give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause;  offer in good faith;  manifest or show; convey or communicate; of a smile, a look, a physical gesture; convey, as of a compliment, regards, attention, etc.; bestow;  bestow; accord by verdict;  propose;  be flexible under stress of physical force;  cause to happen or be responsible for;  perform for an audience;  present to view;  transfer possession of something concrete or abstract to somebody;  leave with; give temporarily;  give as a present; make a gift of;  convey or reveal information;  give or convey physically;  give (as medicine);  cause to have, in the abstract sense or physical sense;  deliver in exchange or recompense;  emit or utter;  execute and deliver;  give food to;  give or supply;  bring about;  organize or be responsible for;  move in order to make room for someone for something;  break down, literally or metaphorically; place into the hands or custody of;  tell or deposit (information) knowledge;  contribute to some cause;  bestow, especially officially; be the cause or source of;  endure the loss of;  afford access to
  • given - adj. acknowledged as a supposition;  having possession delivered or transferred without compensation;  (usually followed by `to') naturally disposed toward;  noun an assumption that is taken for granted
  • gives.
  • giving - adj. given or giving freely;  noun disposing of property by voluntary transfer without receiving value in return;  the act of giving; the imparting of news or promises etc.
  • gk.
  • gl.
  • gland - noun any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
  • glands.
  • glandular - adj. relating to or affecting or functioning as a gland
  • glanville.
  • glargine.
  • glasier.
  • glaucoma - noun increased pressure in the eyeball due to obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor; damages the optic disc and impairs vision (sometimes progressing to blindness)
  • glial - adj. of or relating to neuroglia
  • glibenclamide.
  • glibenclimide.
  • gliburide.
  • gliclazide.
  • glipizide.
  • glitazones.
  • global - adj. involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope;  having the shape of a sphere or ball
  • globalization - noun growth to a global or worldwide scale
  • globally - adv. throughout the world
  • globulin - noun a family of proteins found in blood and milk and muscle and in plant seed
  • globulins.
  • glomerular - adj. of or relating to glomeruli
  • glomerulonephritis - noun nephritis marked by inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney; characterized by decreased production of urine and by the presence of blood and protein in the urine and by edema
  • glomerulosa.
  • glomerulus - noun a small intertwined group of capillaries in the malpighian body; it filters the blood during urine formation
  • gloomy - adj. characterized by hopelessness; filled with gloom; depressingly dark;  causing dejection;  reflecting gloom;  causing or suggestive of sorrow or gloom
  • glossitis - noun inflammation of the tongue
  • glossopharyngeal - adj. pertaining to the tongue and throat
  • glove - noun handwear: covers the hand and wrist;  the handwear used by fielders in playing baseball;  boxing equipment consisting of big and padded coverings for the fists of the fighters; worn for the sport of boxing
  • glp.
  • glucagon - noun a hormone secreted by the pancreas; stimulates increases in blood sugar levels in the blood (thus opposing the action of insulin)
  • glucagonoma.
  • glucagonomas.
  • glucan.
  • glucocerebrosidase.
  • glucocorticoid - noun a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti-inflammatory activity
  • glucocorticoidassociated.
  • glucocorticoids.
  • glucocorticosteroid.
  • glucocorticosteroids.
  • gluconate.
  • gluconeogenesis.
  • glucosamine.
  • glucose - noun a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • glucosidase.
  • glucoside - noun a glycoside derived from glucose
  • glucosylceramide.
  • glucuronic.
  • glucuronidated.
  • glucuronidation.
  • glucuronide.
  • glucuronides.
  • glucuronyl.
  • glue - noun cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesive;  verb be fixed as if by glue;  join or attach with or as if with glue
  • glulisine.
  • glut - noun the quality of being so overabundant that prices fall;  verbovereat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself;  supply with an excess of
  • glutamate - noun a salt or ester of glutamic acid
  • glutamine - noun a crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins; important in protein metabolism
  • glutamyl.
  • glutamyltranspeptidase.
  • glutathione.
  • gluteal - adj. of or relating to or near the gluteus muscles
  • gluten - noun a protein substance that remains when starch is removed from cereal grains; gives cohesiveness to dough
  • gluteus - noun any one of three large skeletal muscles that form the buttock and move the thigh
  • glyburide - noun an oral antidiabetic drug (trade names DiaBeta and Micronase) that stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas
  • glycaemic.
  • glycerine - noun a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • glycerol - noun a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • glyceryl - noun a trivalent radical derived from glycerol by removing the three hydroxyl radicals
  • glycine - noun genus of Asiatic erect or sprawling herbs: soya bean; the simplest amino acid found in proteins and the principal amino acid in sugar cane
  • glycogen - noun one form in which body fuel is stored; stored primarily in the liver and broken down into glucose when needed by the body
  • glycogenolysis.
  • glycol - noun any of a class of alcohols having 2 hydroxyl groups in each molecule;  a sweet but poisonous syrupy liquid used as an antifreeze and solvent
  • glycolconjugation.
  • glycolysis - noun a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and release energy for the body in the form of ATP
  • glycoprotein - noun a conjugated protein having a carbohydrate component
  • glycoproteins.
  • glycopyrrolate.
  • glycopyrronium<