Information about Herbalife
Herbalife is weight management and nutritional supplement manufacturer that markets herbal and dietary supplements (HDS) for a wide range of conditions, including weight loss, digestive health, heart health, personal care, energy and fitness, general health, wellbeing, and boosting of energy and immunity.
Liver safety of Herbalife
There have been many reports of acute, clinically apparent liver injury in persons taking Herbalife products, but the link to the HDS product has often been controversial. The specific ingredients in the various Herbalife products that might cause liver injury have not been identified.
Mechanism of action of Herbalife
Herbalife is a for-profit, publically traded company (Herbalife International of America, Inc., Torrance CA) that produces an array of multi-ingredient herbal and nutritional supplements (MINS). The products are not sold in conventional stores or nutrition outlets, but by independent distributors or via the internet.
Ingredients of Herbalife products
The constituents of the various Herbalife products vary but are largely proteins, amino acids, vitamins, minerals and selected botanicals such as aloe vera, green tea, ginseng, gingko, guarana, valerian, lavender, saw palmetto, echinacea, astragalus, ginger, hops, bilberry, vegetable and fruit extracts and many others. The ingredients and their concentrations in some of the products have been modified over time. Because the products are considered nutritional supplements, they are not subject to the usual efficacy and safety evaluation given to medications. However, all nutritional supplements are subject to rules regarding purity and good manufacturing practices. Nutritional supplements are not recommended for specific medical conditions, but can be advertised as being supportive of general health, wellness and weight reduction. These multiingredient products appear to be generally safe and well tolerated, but prospective studies of their efficacy, tolerance and safety have not been published.
- Aloe Vera, Ashwagandha, Astragalus, Bilberry, Black Cohosh, Butterbur, Cat's Claw, Cascara, Chaparral, Comfrey, Crofelemer, Echinacea, Ephedra, Fenugreek, Flavocoxid, Garcinia cambogia, Germander, Ginkgo, Ginseng, Greater Celandine, Green Tea, Hoodia, Hops, Horse Chestnut, Hyssop, Kava Kava, Kratom, Lavender, Maca, Margosa Oil, Melatonin, Milk Thistle, Noni, Passionflower, Pennyroyal Oil, Red Yeast Rice, Resveratrol, Saw Palmetto, Senna, Skullcap, Spirulina, St. John's Wort, Turmeric, Usnic Acid, Valerian, Yohimbine
Chinese and Other Asian Herbal Medicines
- Ba Jiao Lian, Bol Gol Zhee, Chi R Yun, Jin Bu Huan, Ma Huang, Sho Saiko To and Dai Saiko To, Shou Wu Pian
Multi-Ingredient Nutritional Supplements