Indinavir

From WikiMD

Information about Indinavir

Indinavir is an antiretroviral protease inhibitor used in the therapy and prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Liver safety of Indinavir

Indinavir can cause transient and usually asymptomatic elevations in serum aminotransferase levels and mild elevations in indirect bilirubin concentration. Indinavir is a rare cause of clinically apparent, acute liver injury. In HBV or HCV coinfected patients, antiretroviral therapy with indinavir may result in an exacerbation of the underlying chronic hepatitis B or C.

Mechanism of action of Indinavir

Indinavir (in din' a vir) is an antiretroviral protease inhibitor that acts by binding to the catalytic site of the HIV protease, thereby preventing the cleavage of viral polyprotein precursors into mature, functional proteins that are necessary for viral replication.

FDA approval information for Indinavir

Indinavir was approved for use in the United States in 1996 and continues to be commonly used in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV infection. Indinavir is available under the brand name Crixivan in capsules of 100, 200 and 400 mg. Indinavir is typically used in combination with a low dose of ritonavir, which improves its pharmacokinetics.

Dosage and administration for Indinavir

The recommended dosage of indinavir is 800 mg orally every 8 hours with or without ritonavir (usually 100 to 200 mg twice daily).

Side effects of Indinavir

Side effects can include gastrointestinal upset, nausea, diarrhea, back pain, fatigue and, with long term use, hyperlipidemia and lipodystrophy.

Antiviral agents

Drugs for HIV Infection, in the Subclass Antiretroviral Agents

Drugs for Hepatitis B

Drugs for Hepatitis C

HCV NS5A Inhibitors

HCV NS5B (Polymerase) Inhibitors

HCV Protease Inhibitors

Combination Therapies

Drugs for Herpes Virus Infections (HSV, CMV, others)

Drugs for Influenza


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