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Medical refers to anything related to the art and science of medicine.

Glossary of medical terms

Pertaining to body cavity below diaphragm which contains stomach, intestines, liver, and Other organs

Take up fluids, take in

Condition when blood contains more acid than normal

Clearness, keenness, esp. Of vision - airways

New, recent, sudden

Swollen lymph nodes (glands)

Helpful, assisting, aiding

Added treatment

Drug that kills bacteria and other germs

Drug that kills bacteria and other germs

Drug that inhibits certain viruses

Negative side effect

Rash, trouble breathing

Walk, able to walk

Serious, potentially life threatening allergic reaction

Decreased red blood cells; low red blood cell count

A drug or agent used to decrease the feeling of pain or eliminate the feeling of pain by Putting you to sleep

A drug or agent used to decrease the feeling of pain or by numbing an area of your body, Without putting you to sleep

Pain resulting from insufficient blood to the heart

Condition in which person will not eat; lack of appetite

Area inside the elbow

Protein made in the body in response to foreign substance; attacks foreign substance and Protects against infection

Drug used to prevent seizures

A drug that decreases the level of fat(s) in the blood

A drug used to relieve coughing

Any change from the normal heartbeat (abnormal heartbeat)

Fluid entering lungs

Lab test

To learn about

A lung disease associated with tightening of the air passages

Without symptoms


Not malignant, usually without serious consequences, but with some exceptions e.G. Benign brain tumor may have, serious consequences

Twice a day

Carried by, to make stick together, transported

The extent to which a drug or other substance becomes available to the body

Series of blood tests

An amount given all at once

The amount of calcium in a give amount of bone

Slow heartbeat

Breathing distress caused by narrowing of the airways

Capable of causing cancer

Type of cancer

Pertaining to the heart  

Restoration of normal heart beat by electric shock

A tube for withdrawing or introducing fluids

A tube placed near the spinal cord used for anesthesia during an operation

Brain and spinal cord

Damage to the brain


Coronary heart disease

Treatment of disease, usually cancer, by chemical agents

Continuing for a long time

A drug used to kill cancer cells

Pertaining to medical care

Of major importance for treating or evaluating patients

An experiment in patients

Unconscious state

Occurring prior to birth, due to parent's genetic input

Irritation and redness of the thin membrane covering the eye

Treatment phase intended to make a remission permanent, follows induction

Study in which the experimental treatment or procedure is compared to a standard (control) treatment or procedure

Pertains to the blood vessels that supply the heart

Computerized (axial) tomography; computerized series of x-rays

Test for infection or organisms that could cause infection  

Total sum (of individual events, experiences, treatments)

Relating to the skin

Cerebrovascular accident; stroke

Pertaining to the skin

Lower number in blood pressure reading; pertaining to resting or relaxation phase of heart Beat

Toward the end, away from the center of the body

'water pill' or drug that causes increase in urination

Sound waves

Study in which neither investigators nor subjects know what drug the subject is receiving

State of improper function

Abnormal cells

Sound wave test of the heart

Increased fluid

Electroencephalogram; electric brainwave tracing


Imbalance of salts or chemicals in the blood

Evidence of liver or kidney damage


Based on experience

Examination of an internal part of the body with a lighted tube; looking at a part of the Body with a lighted tube

By way of the intestines

Outside the spinal cord  

Getting rid of (such as a disease)

Assessed; examined for medical condition

Outside the body

To leak outside of a blood vessel

Irregular beat of the heart or other muscle

Having many fibers, such as scar tissue

U.S. Food and drug administration, the branch of federal government which approves New drugs

Pain prevention by induction of drugged sleep, as in surgery

Pertaining to pregnancy

Amount of red blood cells in the blood

A bruise, a black and blue mark

Related to blood flow

Breakdown in red blood cells

Needle placed in the arm with blood thinner to keep the blood from clotting inside the Needle or tubing

Cancer or tumor of the liver

  • heritable disease a disease which can be transmitted to one's offspring resulting in damage to future


Pertaining to the disease status of body tissues or cells

A portable machine for recording heart beats

High blood calcium level

High blood potassium level

High blood sodium level

High blood pressure

Low blood calcium level  

Low blood potassium level

Low blood sodium level

Low blood pressure

Low oxygen level in the blood

Caused by a physician or by treatment

Investigational device exemption, the license to test an unapproved new medical device

Of unknown cause

A combination of antibodies from proteins in the blood

Diseases caused by disordered immunity

Giving of drugs to help the body's immune (protective) system; usually used to destroy Cancer cells

Abnormal function

Placed in the body

Investigational new drug; the license to test an unapproved new drug

Beginning phase or stage of a treatment


Remaining in a given location, such as a catheter

Death of tissue because of lack of blood supply

Disease which is transmitted from one person to next

Swelling which is generally painful, red, and warm

Introduction of a substance into the body, usually into the blood

Eating; taking by mouth

Agent which acts against viruses; antiviral agent

Occurring (regularly or irregularly) between two time points; alternately ceasing and Beginning

Within the body  

Inside of the body

Into the muscle; within the muscle

Into the abdominal cavity

Into the spinal fluid

Into (within) a vein

In the bladder

The placement of a tube into the airway

Puncture, opening or cutting of the skin

A new drug which has not yet been approved by the fda

A treatment method which has not been proven to be beneficial or has not been accepted As standard care

Decreased oxygen in a tissue (usually because of decreased blood flow)

A procedure in which an incision is made in the abdominal wall to enable a physician to Look at the organs


Low white blood cell count


Fat and cholesterol levels in the blood

Creation of insensitivity to pain in a small local area of the body

Restricted to one area; limited to one area (of the body)

Cavity of an organ or tube (e.G. Inside of blood vessel)

A type of white blood cell important in the body's defense against infection

A cancer of the lymph nodes (or tissues)

A vague feeling of bodily discomfort, feeling bad  

Condition in which something is not functioning properly

Cancer or other progressively enlarging and spreading tumor, fatal if not successfully Treated

A drug used to treat infections caused by parasites or other causes of anaerobic Infections

Process of breaking down substances in the cells

Spread of cancer cells from one part of body to another

Myocardial infarction, heart attack



Check on; keep track of; watch carefully

Ease of movement; ability to move around

Undesired result or complication; serious disease

Death or death rate

Magnetic resonance imaging, body pictures created using magnetic rather than x-ray Energy

Muscle aches

Moist lining of digestive, respiratory, reproductive, and urinary tracts

Pertaining to the (muscle of the) heart Heart attack; death of heart muscle

National cancer institute

Death of tissue

Tumor, may be non-cancerous or cancerous

A cancer of nerve tissue  

Pertaining to the nervous system

Decrease in the main part of the white blood cells

National institutes of health

Not breaking, cutting or entering the skin

Pneumonia acquired in the hospital

Closing; obstruction

Office of human research protections, oversees irbs and related matters

The study of tumors or cancer

Pertaining to the eye

Best, most favorable or desirable

Given by mouth

Pertaining to the bones

Rare bone disorder characterized by dense bone

Bone disorder characterized by loss of bone leading to increased risk of fracture

Female sex glands; female organs which release eggs

Administration by injection

Condition of being open

The initial cause of a disease

Through the skin

Puncture, tear or hole

Not central

By mouth

Initial study of a new drug in humans to determine limits of tolerance  

Second phase of study of a new drug intended to obtain initial information

Large scale trial to confirm and expand information on safety and usefulness of a new Drug

Irritation or inflammation of a vein

An inactive substance which may resemble an active agent but has no medical value

Symptom or change of condition seen when a placebo is given; not attributable to an Active drug agent

Small particles in the blood that help with blood clotting


Increase or multiply the effect of a drug or toxin by administration of another drug or toxin At the same time

An agent that helps another agent work better

Before birth

A drug given to prevent disease or infection

Artifical limbs, such as arms and legs

As needed

Outlook, probable outcomes

Lying on the stomach

Plan of study

Closer to the center of the body, away from the end

Pertaining to the lungs

Every day; daily

Four times a day

By chance  

Assignment of treatment group by chance, similar to tossing a coin (when there are two Treatment choices)

Red blood cell

Formation of new combinations of genes

Putting back together the original parts or elements

Happen again

Not responding to treatment

Regrowth of a structure or of lost tissue

Pattern of administering treatment

The return or reappearance of a disease

Disappearance of evidence of cancer or other disease

Pertaining to the kidneys

Capable of being duplicated

Remove or cut out (surgically)

Study looking back over past experience

A type of cancer

A drug to calm or make less anxious

A type of testes cancer

In a row

Computer program


An instrument to measure the amount of air taken into and exhaled from the lungs

Treatment plan which the majority of the medical community would accept as appropriate

A determination of the extent of the disease

Narrowing of a duct, tube, or one of the heart valves  

Mouth sores; inflammation of the mouth

Arrange in groups for analysis of results (e.G., stratify by age, sex, etc.)

Stunned state in which it is difficult to get a response or the attention of the subject

Under the collarbone

Under the skin

Lying on the back

General medical care aimed at symptoms, not intended to improve or cure underlying Disease

Having symptoms

A condition characterized by a set of symptoms

Top number in blood pressure; pertaining to contraction phase of heart beat

Capable of causing malformations in unborn fetuses

Male sex glands; male organs which produce sperm

Blood clotting within blood vessels

Three times a day

Gradual alteration of drug dose to determine desired effect or most beneficial strength of Drug

Type of white blood cells involved in immune reactions

Surface; on the skin

Applied to certain area of the skin to reduce pain to specific (limited) area to which applied

Side effects or undesirable effects of a drug

Through the skin


Injury; wound

Walking machine often used to determine heart function  

Absorption and incorporation of a substance by living tissue; absorb and incorporate a Substance, taking in of a substance by living tissue

Plastic repair of a valve, especially of the heart

Enlarged veins, usually in legs or lining of tube between mouth and stomach

Narrowing of blood vessels due to spasm of vessel walls

A carrier, usually an insect, that carries and transmits disease-causing microorganisms

Entering vein with a needle, generally through the skin

Spread of disease

White blood cell


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