Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts

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Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC, or Van der Knaap disease) is a form of hereditary CNS demyelinating disease. It belongs to a group of disorders called leukodystrophies.


It is associated with MLC1.[1][2]


A series of cases with megalencephalic leukodystrophy were described by the Indian neurologist Bhim Sen Singhal (1933-)in 1991.[3][4][5] However, it is sometimes referred to as Van der Knaap disease after the Dutch neurologist Marjo van der Knaap who described another series of cases with clinical and radiological features in 1995.[6][7][8]


  1. Singhal BS, Gursahani RD, Biniwale AA, Udani VP. Tokyo, Japan: In Proceedings of the 8th Asian and Oceanian Congress of Neurology; 1991. Megalencephalic leukodystrophy in India; p. 72.

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