Microbiology topics A-Z

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Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

#-A

B

* 3-PGA
* 3-
* 454 sequencing (pyrosequencing)
* 535
* 5’ cap
* 70S ribosome
* 70S ribosomes
* 80S ribosomes
* α carbon
* α-helix
* α-Toxin
* β-lactam
* β-lactam ring
* β-lactamase inhibitors
* β-lactamases
* β-lactams
* 1021
* β-oxidation
* β-pleated sheet
* β-propionolactone
* β2 microglobulin
* σ factor
* A
* A (aminoacyl) site
* A-B exotoxin
* A-B exotoxins
* A-B toxin
* A2B5 toxin
* ABO
* ABO blood group system
* abscess
* abscesses
* Absorbance
* Acanthamoeba
* Acanthamoeba keratitis
* acellular
* Acetabularia
* acetone
* acetone-butanol-ethanol
* fermentation
* Acetothermus
* Acetothermus paucivorans
* acetylation
* acetylcholine
* acid fuchsin
* acid-fast bacteria
* acid-fast bacteriuphosphoglyceratem
* acid-fast stain
* acidic dye
* acidophile
* Acinetobacter baumannii
* acne
* acquired immunodeficiency
* syndrome (AIDS)
* acridine orange
* ActA
* actin
* actin tails
* Actinobacillus
* actinomycetemcomitans
* Actinobacteria
* Actinomyces
* 1058
* Actinomycetes
* actinomycetes
* actinomycin
* activated macrophages
* activation energy
* activation of B cells
* activation of cytotoxic T cells
* activator
* active carrier
* Active immunity
* active site
* active transport
* acute disease
* acute glomerulonephritis
* acute GVHD
* acute herpes labialis
* acute inflammation
* acute necrotizing ulcerative
* gingivitis
* acute otitis media
* acute phase
* acute rheumatic fever
* acute-phase proteins
* acyclovir
* Adaptive immunity
* Addison disease
* adefovir
* adenine
* adenine-arabinoside
* adenosine deaminase deficiency
* adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
* adenosine monophosphate (AMP)
* adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
* adenovirus
* adhesin
* adhesins
* adhesion
* adhesion factors
* adipose tissue
* adjuvant
* adrenal glands
* Aedes
* Aedes aegypti
* Aedes africanus
* Aedes albopictus
* aerial filaments
* aerobic respiration
* Aeromonas hydrophila
* aerosols
* aerotolerant anaerobe
* affinity
* affinity maturation
* Affirm VPII Microbial
* Identification Test
* affitins
* aflatoxin
* African sleeping sickness
* African trypanosomiasis
* agar
* Agarose gel electrophoresis
* agarose gel electrophoresis
* agglutinate
* Agglutination
* agglutination
* agglutination reactions
* aggregation
* AGN
* agranulocytes
* Agrobacterium
* Agrobacterium tumefaciens
* AIDS
* airborne transmission
* alanine aminotransferase
* alarmones
* albendazole
* Alcanivorax borkumensis
* alcohol fermentation
* Alexandrium
* alexidine
* Algae
* algae
* algal bloom
* algal blooms
* algal chloroplasts
* algicide
* alkaline phosphatase
* alkaliphile
* alkylating agent
* allergen
* allergic rhinitis
* allergy
* allograft
* allosteric activator
* allosteric site
* allylamines
* alpha toxin
* Alphaproteobacteria
* alternative pathway
* alternative splicing
* Altmann
* alveoli
* amantadine
* Amblyomma
* Amblyomma americanum
* amensalism
* American trypanosomiasis
* Ames
* Ames test
* amikacin
* amine group
* amino acid
* amino acids
* amino groups
* aminoacyl tRNA synthetase
* aminoglycoside resistance
* aminoglycosides
* aminopenicillins
* ammonification
* amoeba
* amoebiasis
* amoebic dysentery
* amoebic keratitis
* Amoebozoa
* amoxicillin
* amoxicillin clavulanate
* amphipathic
* amphitrichous
* amphotericin B
* ampicillin
* amplitude
* AMPs
* amputation
* Amsel’s diagnostic criteria
* Amycolatopsis orientalis
* amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
* (ALS)
* Anabaena cylindrica
* anabolism
* anaerobic chamber
* anaerobic jar
* anaerobic respiration
* Analytical epidemiology
* anaphylactic shock
* anaphylaxis
* Anaplasma phagocytophilum
* anchorage dependency
* Ancylostoma doudenale
* Ancylostoma duodenale
* anemia
* anergy
* angioedema
* anneal
* annealing
* Anopheles mosquito
* anoxygenic photosynthesis
* anthrax
* anthrax vaccine
* anti-AChR antibodies
* Anti-nuclear antibodies (ANAs)
* anti-parasitic defenses
* anti-Rh factor antibodies
* antibacterial drugs
* antibiogram
* antibiotic resistance
* antibiotic-associated diarrhea
* antibiotics
* antibodies
* antibody class switching
* antibody production
* antibody screen
* antibody-dependent cell-mediated
* cytotoxicity (ADCC)
* anticodon
* antifungal drugs
* antifungal medications
* antigen
* antigen binding
* antigen drift
* antigen mimicry
* antigen presenting cells (APCs)
* antigen-binding cleft
* antigen-binding sites
* antigen-presenting cells (APCs)
* antigenic
* antigenic drift
* antigenic shift
* antigenic variation
* antigens
* antihistamine
* antimetabolites
* antimicrobial drugs
* antimicrobial peptides
* antimicrobial peptides (AMPs)
* antimicrobial susceptibility testing
* (AST)
* antinuclear antibodies
* antiparallel
* antiphagocytic proteins
* antiretroviral therapy
* antiretroviral therapy (ART)
* antisense RNA
* antisense strand
* antisepsis
* antiseptic
* antiserum
* antitoxin
* antivaxxers
* anus
* AOM
* APCs
* API strips
* apical complex
* apicomplexans
* aplastic anemia
* apnea
* apoenzyme
* aponeurosis
* apoptosis
* appendix
* Aquifex
* Aquificae
* arachadonic acid
* arachnoid mater
* Arber
* arboviral encephalitis
* arbovirus
* arboviruses
* archaea
* Archaea
* archaeal cell walls
* archaeal membrane
* Archaeplastida
* Archaeplastids
* argyria
* Aristotle
* artemether
* artemisinin
* artery
* arthritis
* Arthrobacter
* arthropod
* Arthus reaction
* Artificial passive immunity
* artificial passive immunity
* ascariasis
* Ascaris lumbricoides
* ascocarps
* Ascomycota
* ascospores
* ascus
* asepsis
* aseptic technique
* asexual reproduction
* aspartate aminotransferase
* aspergillosis
* Aspergillus
* Aspergillus flavus
* asthma
* Astroviridae
* Astroviruses
* asymptomatic
* asymptomatic carrier
* atherosclerosis
* athlete’s foot
* atomic force microscope
* Atopobium vaginae
* atovaquone
* ATP
* ATP synthase
* Attachment
* attenuated vaccine 
* attenuation
* atypical bacteria
* atypical pneumonia
* autoclave
* autoclave tape
* autoclaving
* autocrine function
* autograft
* autoimmune disease
* autoimmune disorders
* autoimmune hemolytic anemia
* autoimmune polyendocrine
* syndromes (APS)
* autoimmunity
* autoinducers
* autolysin
* automated
* autoradiography
* autotransporter proteins
* autotroph
* auxotroph
* avermectins
* Avery
* avian influenza
* avian influenza virus A
* avidity
* Avocado sunblotch viroid
* axial filament
* axon
* azidothymidine/zidovudine
* azithromycin
* Azotobacter
* aztreonam


* B
* B cells
* B lymphocyte
* B lymphocytes
* B-cell maturation
* B-cell receptors (BCRs)
* B. anthracis
* B. hermsii
* B. recurrentis
* Babesia spp
* babesiosis
* Bacillariophyta
* bacillary angiomatosis
* bacillary dysentery
* bacillary peliosis
* Bacilli
* bacilli
* Bacillus
* Bacillus anthracis
* Index 1277
* 555
* Bacillus cereus
* Bacillus firmus
* Bacillus mesentericus
* Bacillus subtilis
* bacitracin
* bacteremia
* 1117
* bacteria
* Bacteria
* bacterial cell walls
* bacterial endocarditis
* bacterial genomes
* bacterial keratitis
* bacterial lawn
* bacterial meningitis
* Bacterial meningitis
* bacterial pneumonia
* bacterial toxins
* bacterial transformation
* bacterial vaginosis (BV)
* bactericidal
* bactericide
* bacteriochlorophyll
* bacteriochlorophylls
* bacteriocins
* Bacteriodetes
* bacteriology
* bacteriophage
* bacteriophage preparation
* Bacteriophages
* bacteriophages
* bacteriorhodopsin
* bacteriostatic
* Bacteroides
* 1023
* Bacteroidetes
* Bactrim
* Balamuthia
* Balantidium coli
* Baltimore classification system
* 250
* barophiles
* Bartonella
* Bartonella henselae
* Bartonella quintana
* basal body
* base sequence
* basic dye
* basic fuchsin
* basidia
* basidiocarps
* Basidiomycota
* basidiospores
* basophils
* batch culture
* BCG vaccine
* BCR
* Bdellovibrio
* Beadle and Tatum
* beer
* Beggiatoa
* Beijerinck
* Benda
* benign
* benzalkonium chlorides
* benzathine benzylpenicillin
* benzimidazoles
* benznidazole
* benzoic acid
* benzoyl peroxide
* Berg
* Bergey’s Manual
* Betaproteobacteria
* bias
* bifidobacteria
* Bifidobacterium
* bilirubin
* binary fission
* binocular
* binomial nomenclature
* biochemistry
* biofilm
* 1056
* biofilms
* 937
* biofuel
* biogeochemical cycle
* bioinformatics
* biological indicator spore tests
* biological safety cabinet
* 573
* biological safety levels
* Biological transmission
* biological vector
* bioluminescence
* biomarkers
* biomolecule
* biopolymers
* bioremediation
* biosynthesis
* biotechnology
* bioterrorism
* bisbiguanide
* bismuth subsalicylate
* Black Death
* Blackburn
* bladder infections
* Blastomyces dermatitidis
* blastomycosis
* bleach
* blepharitis
* blocking antibodies
* blood clot
* blood clotting
* blood flukes
* blood transfusion
* blood types
* blood-brain barrier
* 1176
* blood-group antigens
* blood-spinal cord barrier
* bloodstream infections
* blue-white screening
* blunt ends
* boil
* boiling
* bone marrow
* bone marrow ablation
* bone marrow transplant
* BoNT
* Bordet-Gengou medium
* Bordetella
* Bordetella pertussis
* Borrelia
* Borrelia burgdorferi
* 692
* botox
* botulinum neurotoxin
* botulinum toxin
* botulism
* Botulism
* Boveri
* Boyer
* bradycardia
* bradykinin
* brain
* brain heart infusion
* breakbone fever
* breast milk
* breeding
* bridge reaction
* brightfield microscope
* Broad Street cholera epidemic
* broad-spectrum antimicrobial
* Brock
* bronchi
* bronchiole
* bronchitis
* bronchoalveolar lavage
* Brown
* brown algae
* Brucella
* Bruton
* Bruton X-linked
* agammaglobulinemia
* BSL-1
* BSL-2
* BSL-3
* BSL-3 microbe
* BSL-4
* BSLs
* bubo
* bubonic plague
* budding
* budding yeasts
* bulla
* bullae
* Burkholderia
* Burkholderia cepacia
* Burkholderiales
* Burkitt lymphoma
* burst
* burst size
* butanol
* butoconazole
* C
* C-reactive protein
* C-reactive protein (CRP)
* C. difficile
* C. tritaeniorhynchus
* C1 complex
* CA-MRSA
* Calabar swellings
* calcium propionate
* calibration curve
* caliciviruses
* Calvin-Benson cycle
* CAMP factor
* Campylobacter
* Campylobacter jejuni
* 663
* Campylobacter jejuni
* gastroenteritis
* campylobacteriosis
* cancer
* cancer vaccines
* Candida
* 963
* Candida albicans
* 378
* candidiasis
* candle jar
* canning
* capillary
* capnophiles
* capreomycin
* capsid
* capsomere
* capsular serotypes
* capsule
* capsule staining
* capsules
* carbamide peroxide
* carbapenem
* carbapenem resistance
* Carbapenem-resistant
* Enterobacteriaceae
* carbapenem-resistant
* Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)
* 646
* carbapenemase
* carbapenemases
* carbapenems
* 1179
* carbohydrate
* carbohydrates
* carbolfuchsin
* carbolic acid
* carbon cycle
* carbon fixation
* carbon skeleton
* carbonic acid
* carbonyl group
* carboxyl group
* carboxylic acid
* carboxysome
* carbuncle
* carbuncles
* carcinogen
* carcinogenesis
* Cardiobacterium hominis
* cardiolipin
* cardiotoxicity
* carditis
* caries
* carotenoid
* carotenoids
* carrageenan
* carrier molecule
* Carter Center
* Case-control studies
* caseinase
* cat-scratch disease (CSD)
* catabolism
* catabolite activator protein (CAP)
* 492
* catalase
* catalase test
* catalases
* catalyst
* catarrhal stage
* catheter-related bloodstream
* infection
* catheters
* Caulobacter
* causative agent
* cavitation
* cavities
* CCA amino acid binding end
* Index 1279
* CD4
* CD4 T cells
* CD8
* CD95 (Fas) cytotoxic pathway
* CDC
* cDNA
* cecum
* cefazolin
* cefotaxime
* ceftazidime
* ceftriaxone
* 1120
* celiac disease
* cell
* cell cycle
* cell envelope
* cell junctions
* cell membrane
* cell theory
* cell wall
* cell-mediated cytotoxicity
* cell-mediated immune response
* 850
* cellular immunity
* cellular respiration
* cellular slime molds
* cellulitis
* cellulose
* cementum
* Center for Drug Evaluation and
* Research (CDER)
* Centers for Disease Control and
* Prevention
* Centers for Disease Control and
* Prevention (CDC)
* central dogma
* central nervous system (CNS)
* 1170
* central tolerance
* centrioles
* centrosomes
* cephalosporin
* cephalosporin C
* cephalosporins
* 1017
* Cephalosporium acremonium
* cercarial dermatitis
* cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
* cerumen
* Cervarix vaccine
* cervical cancer
* cervical cancers
* cervix
* cesarean section
* cestodes
* cetrimide agar
* cetylpyrimidine chloride
* CFB group
* Chagas disease
* Chain
* chain termination method
* Chamberland
* Chamberland filters
* chancroid
* Chargaff
* Chargaff’s rules
* charged tRNA
* Charophyta
* cheese 
* Cheese handler’s disease
* Chemical fixatives
* chemical mediators
* chemically defined medium
* chemiosmosis
* chemoautotroph
* chemoheterotroph
* chemokines
* chemostat
* chemotaxis
* chemotherapy
* chemotroph
* chickenpox
* 679
* chikungunya fever
* chirality
* chitin
* Chlamydia
* chlamydia
* Chlamydia trachomatis
* 936
* Chlamydomonas
* Chlamydomonas nivalis
* Chlamydophila pneumoniae
* Chlamydophila psittaci
* chloramines
* chloramphenicol
* 1132
* Chlorella
* chlorhexidine
* chlorine
* chlorine bleach
* Chlorobi
* Chlorobium
* Chloroflexi
* Chloroflexus
* chlorophyll
* chlorophylls
* Chlorophyta
* chloroplast
* chloroplasts
* chloroquine
* chlorosomes
* chocolate agar
* cholera
* cholera enterotoxin
* cholera toxin
* cholesterol
* choline-binding proteins
* Chromalveolata
* chromatin
* chromatin remodeling
* Chromatium
* Chromobacterium violaceum
* chromogen
* chromogenic substrate
* chromophores
* Chromosomal Theory of
* Inheritance
* chromosome
* chromosomes
* chronic disease
* chronic granulomatous disease
* chronic GVHD
* chronic infection
* chronic inflammation
* chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis
* 840
* chronic myelogenous leukemia
* 852
* chronic wasting disease
* Chrysophyta
* 1280 Index


* chytrids
* cidofovir
* cilia
* ciliate
* ciliated epithelial cells
* ciprofloxacin
* 1067
* 1125
* Circoviridae
* circulatory system
* cisternae
* citric acid cycle
* citrus tristeza virus
* CJD
* clarithromycin
* class switching
* classical complement cascade
* classical pathway
* clavulanic acid
* clean catch
* climate change
* clindamycin
* 1060
* clofazimin
* cloflucarban
* clonal proliferation
* clones
* Clonorchis
* Clonorchis sinensis
* closed culture
* Clostridium
* 494
* Clostridium botulinum
* 592
* Clostridium difficile
* 743
* Clostridium difficile toxin A
* Clostridium difficile toxin B
* Clostridium perfringens
* 664
* Clostridium perfringens
* gastroenteritis
* Clostridium tetani
* 705
* clotrimazole
* 1061
* clue cells
* cluster of differentiation (CD)
* molecules
* CML
* co-stimulation
* co-stimulatory signal
* coagulase
* coarse focusing knob
* cocci
* Coccidioides immitis
* coccidioidomycosis
* codon
* coenocytes
* coenocytic hyphae
* coenzyme
* coenzyme A
* coenzyme A (CoA)
* coenzyme Q
* cofactor
* cognate amino acid
* Cohen
* cohort method
* cold sores
* Coliforms
* coliforms
* colistin
* colitis
* collagen
* collagen-specific adhesin NcaA
* 1029
* collagenase
* colon
* colonization factor (CF)
* colonization factors
* colony blot
* colony-forming unit
* color
* comedones
* commensalism
* commercial sterilization
* common cold
* common source spread
* common warts
* communicable
* community
* community-acquired MRSA
* competitive exclusion
* competitive inhibitor
* competitive interactions
* complement
* complement activation
* complement cascade
* complement fixation test
* complement proteins
* complement system
* complementary base pairing
* complementary base pairs
* complementary DNA (cDNA)
* complementary strand
* complex
* complex media
* Compound 606
* compound microscope
* Conan the Bacterium
* concave lenses
* concentrated animal feeding
* operations (CAFOs)
* condenser lens
* conditional mutation
* confirmatory test
* confocal microscope
* confocal microscopy
* congenital syphilis
* conidia
* conjugate vaccine
* conjugated proteins
* conjugation
* 514
* conjugation pilus
* conjunctiva
* conjunctivitis
* constant region
* constitutive genes
* constitutive secretory pathways
* 129
* constitutively expressed
* contact
* contact dermatitis
* contact inhibition
* contact lenses
* Contact transmission
* contagious
* continuous cell line
* continuous common source spread
* 710
* Index 1281
* contractile vacuole
* contrast
* convalescence stage
* convalescent phase
* convex lens
* convulsive ergotism
* Coombs’ reagent
* cooperative interactions
* copper
* Coquillettidia
* coronavirus
* cortex
* corticosteroid
* corticosteroids
* Corynebacterium
* 963
* Corynebacterium diphtheriae
* 156
* Coulter counter
* counterstain
* cowpox
* Coxiella
* Coxiella burnetii
* CRE
* creatinine
* Crenarchaeota
* crenation
* cresols
* Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
* 1197
* Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)
* 38
* Crick
* crisis phase
* critical item
* cross-linkage
* cross-match
* cross-presentation
* cross-reaction
* cross-reactivity
* 891
* cross-resistance
* cross-sectional study
* crown
* crust
* crustose lichens
* cryotherapy
* cryptococcal meningitis
* cryptococcosis
* Cryptococcus
* Cryptococcus neoformans
* 339
* cryptosporidiosis
* Cryptosporidium
* Cryptosporidium parvum
* 663
* crystal violet
* CSF
* 1202
* cucumber mosaic virus
* Culex
* Culex tarsalis
* culture density
* culture medium
* cutaneous candidiasis
* cutaneous larva migrans
* cutaneous leishmaniasis
* cutaneous mycoses
* cyanobacteria
* 394
* Cyanobacteria
* cyanobacterial blooms
* cyanophycin
* cyanosis
* cyclic AMP (cAMP)
* cyclic photophosphorylation
* cyclophosphamide
* Cyclospora cayetanensis
* cyclosporiasis
* cyst
* cystic echinococcosis
* cystic fibrosis
* 740
* cysticerci
* cysticercosis
* cystitis
* cytarabine
* cytochrome
* cytochrome oxidase
* cytokine storm
* cytokines
* 796
* cytolethal distending toxin
* cytomegalovirus
* 1085
* cytomegalovirus (CMV)
* cytopathic effects
* Cytopathic effects (CPEs)
* Cytophaga
* Cytophaga-FlavobacteriumBacteroides (CFB)
* cytoplasm
* cytoplasmic membrane
* cytoproct
* cytosine
* cytoskeleton
* cytostome
* cytotoxic hypersensitivities
* cytotoxic T cell
* cytotoxic T cells
* cytotoxic T lymphocyte
* cytotoxic T lymphocytes
* cytotoxicity
* cytotoxin necrotizing factor
* D
* d form
* D-value
* dacrocyst
* dacryocystitis
* dandruff
* dapsone
* daptomycin
* darkfield microscope
* darkfield microscopy
* De Contagione
* de Duve
* dead zone
* death phase
* debridement
* decimal reduction time (DRT)
* decolorizing agent
* deeply branching bacteria
* defensins
* definitive host
* degeneracy
* degerming
* degranulation
* dehydration synthesis
* 301
* Deinococcus radiodurans
* 1282 Index


* delayed-type hypersensitivities
* (DTH)
* deletion
* Deltaproteobacteria
* demyelination
* denaturation
* denatured
* dendrites
* dendritic cells
* 789
* dengue fever
* denitrification
* dental calculus
* dental caries
* dental plaque
* dentin
* deoxyadenosine
* deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
* deoxyribonucleotides
* deoxyribose
* dephosphorylation
* Dermacentor variabilis
* dermatophytes
* dermis
* Descriptive epidemiology
* desensitization
* desiccation
* desquamation
* Desulfovibrio
* detergents
* dexamethasone
* dextran
* diabetes
* diabetes mellitus
* diabetic foot
* Diack tube
* diapedesis
* diaphragm
* diarylquinolines
* diatoms
* Dictyostelium discoideum
* dideoxy method
* dideoxynucleotides
* Diener
* diethylcarbamazine
* Differential interference contrast
* (DIC) microscopes
* differential media
* differential staining
* diffraction
* digestive system
* diglyceride
* dikaryotic
* diloxanide furoate
* dimorphic fungi
* dinoflagellates
* dioecious
* dipeptide
* diphtheria
* diphtheria toxin
* Diphyllobothrium
* Diphylobothrium latum
* diploid
* diptherioids
* direct agglutination assay
* direct antihuman globulin test
* (DAT)
* direct contact transmission
* direct Coombs’ test
* direct ELISA
* Direct fluorescent antibody (DFA)
* tests
* direct hemagglutination assays
* direct immunofluorescence assay
* (DFA)
* direct microscopic cell count
* direct repair
* directly observed therapy (DOT)
* 616
* Dirofilaria immitis
* disaccharide
* disease
* disinfectant
* disinfectants
* disinfection
* disk-diffusion method
* dispersal
* dispersion
* disulfide bond
* disulfide bonds
* disulfide bridge
* divisome
* DNA
* 420
* 448
* DNA fingerprinting
* DNA gyrase
* DNA ladder
* DNA ligase
* DNA methylation
* DNA packaging
* DNA polymerase
* 476
* DNA primer
* DNA primers
* DNA probe
* DNA replication
* DNA vaccines
* DNAse
* Dochez
* Domagk
* donor cell
* doripenem
* dosage
* double helix
* double immunodiffusion
* double-blind studies
* double-stranded origin (dso) site
* 457
* double-stranded RNA
* doubling time
* doxorubicin
* doxycycline
* 1019
* 1060
* 1125
* 1131
* DPT vaccine
* Dracunculiasis
* Dracunculus medinensis
* droplet nucleus
* droplet sprays
* droplet transmission
* drug resistance
* dry ice
* dry weight of a culture sample
* dry-heat sterilization
* dsDNA
* dsRNA
* DTaP
* Dunaliella salina
* Index 1283
* duodenum
* dura mater
* dural sheath
* dynein
* dysentery
* dyspnea
* dysuria
* E
* E (exit) site
* E. coli
* 476
* 495
* ear infection
* East African trypanosomiasis
* Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE)
* 1189
* Ebola
* Ebola epidemics
* Ebola hemorrhagic fever
* Ebola virus
* Ebolavirus
* echinocandins
* Echinococcus granulosus
* echocardiogram
* eclipse phase
* econazole
* ectopic pregnancy
* ectoplasm
* edema
* Edward Jenner
* effector cells
* efflux pump
* efflux pumps
* eflornithine
* EHEC
* Ehrlich
* Ehrlichia
* Ehrlichia chaffeensis
* Eikenella
* Eikenella corrodens
* Eimeria
* elastase
* electrochemical gradient
* electromagnetic radiation (EMR)
* 47
* electron carrier
* electron donor
* electron microscope
* electron transfer
* electron transport system
* electron transport system (ETS)
* 331
* electronic cell counting device
* electroporation
* elementary bodies
* elephantiasis
* ELISA
* elongation in DNA replication
* elongation in transcription
* elongation of translation
* Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas (EMP)
* pathway
* Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas
* pathway
* embryonated bird’s egg
* emerging infectious diseases
* Emerson respirators
* enamel
* 1059
* enantiomers
* encephalitis
* encystment
* endemic disease
* endergonic reaction
* endocarditis
* endocrine function
* endocytosis
* endomembrane system
* endomysium
* endoplasm
* endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
* endoscope
* endoscopy
* endospore
* Endospore staining
* endospores
* 1076
* endosymbiotic hypothesis
* endosymbiotic theory
* endothelia
* endothelial cells
* endotoxin
* enfuviritide
* enhancer
* enriched media
* enrichment culture
* Entamoeba
* Entamoeba histolytica
* 634
* entecavir
* enteric
* enteritis
* enteritis necroticans
* Enterobacter
* Enterobacter spp.
* Enterobacteriaceae
* enterobiasis
* Enterobius vermicularis
* Enterococcus
* Enterococcus faecalis
* Enterococcus faecium
* Enterocystozoan bieneusi
* enterocyte effacement
* enterocytes
* enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC)
* 1070
* enterohemorrhagic E. coli
* (O157:H7)
* Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC)
* 1070
* Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC)
* 1070
* enterotoxigenic E. coli
* Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC)
* 1070
* enterotoxin
* 1076
* enterotoxins
* enteroviruses
* Entner-Doudoroff (ED) pathway
* 328
* enveloped virus
* enzyme
* Enzyme IIA
* Enzyme immunoassays (EIAs)
* enzyme immunoassays (EIAs)
* enzyme-linked immunosorbent
* assays (ELISAs)
* eosin
* eosinophil
* eosinophils
* 1284 Index


* EPEC
* epidemic disease
* epidemic typhus
* epidemiology
* epidermis
* Epidermophyton
* epididymis
* epididymitis
* epigenetic regulation
* epigenetics
* epiglottis
* epiglottitis
* epilepsy
* epinephrine
* EpiPen
* epiphytes
* epithelial cells
* epitopes
* Epsilonproteobacteria
* Epstein-Barr virus
* 797
* Epulopiscium
* equivalence zone
* ergosterol
* ergosterols
* ergotism
* Erwinia
* erysipelas
* erythema
* erythema infectiosum
* erythema nodosum
* erythrocyte
* erythrocyte antigen
* erythrogenic toxin
* erythromycin
* 1021
* eschar
* Escherichia
* Escherichia coli
* 319
* 927
* 1175
* Escherichia coli O157:H7
* ESKAPE pathogens
* esophagus
* estrogen
* ETEC
* Etest
* ether linkages
* ethidium bromide
* ethyl alcohol
* Ethylene oxide
* etiologic agent
* etiology
* etoposide
* etravirine
* ETS
* eucalyptol
* Euglena
* Euglenozoa
* Eukarya
* eukaryote
* eukaryotic cells
* eukaryotic flagella
* eukaryotic membranes
* Eumycetozoa
* Euryarchaeota
* eustachian tube
* eutroph
* eutrophication
* ex situ bioremediation
* Excavata
* excystment
* exergonic reaction
* exocytosis
* exoenzyme
* exoenzyme S
* exon
* exonuclease
* exophthalmia
* exotoxin
* exotoxin A
* exotoxins
* Experimental epidemiology
* experimental studies
* exponential growth phase
* exposure
* extended-spectrum β-lactamases
* (ESBLs)
* extensively drug-resistant
* Mycobacterium tuberculosis
* extracellular matrix
* extracellular pathogens
* extracellular polymeric substances
* (EPS)
* extrachromosomal DNA
* extrapolymeric substance (EPS)
* 66
* extravasation
* extremophiles
* eye
* EZ medium
* F
* F pilus
* F plasmid
* F plasmids
* F
* +
* cell
* Fab antigen-binding sites
* Fab region
* facilitated diffusion
* facultative anaerobe
* facultative intracellular pathogens
* 678
* FAD
* FADH2
* Falkow
* false-negative
* false-positive
* false-positives
* famciclovir
* FAME analysis
* Far-western blots
* farmer’s lung
* Fasciola
* Fascioliasis
* fasciolopsiasis
* Fasciolopsis buski
* fastidious organisms
* fatal familial insomnia
* fatty acid
* fatty acid methyl ester (FAME)
* analysis
* fatty acids
* Fc receptors
* Fc region
* fecal transplant
* fecal transplantation
* feedback inhibition
* fermentation
* ferredoxin
* Index 1285
* ferritin
* Ferroplasma
* fertility factor
* fever
* fibrin
* fibrinogen
* fibrinogen-to-fibrin cascade
* fifth disease
* filiform warts
* filovirus
* fimbriae
* fine focusing knob
* Firmicutes
* fixation
* flaccid cardiomegaly
* flaccid paralysis
* Flagella
* flagella
* 1070
* flagella staining
* flagellin
* flagellum
* flat warts
* flatworms
* flavin adenine dinucleotide
* Flavivirus
* flavoprotein
* Flavr Savr
* Fleming
* flesh-eating bacterial syndrome
* 927
* flocculant
* Florey
* flow cytometry
* fluconazole
* 1061
* flucytosine
* fluid mosaic model
* flukes
* fluorescence in situ hybridization
* (FISH)
* fluorescence microscope
* 898
* fluorescence-activated cell sorter
* (FACS)
* fluorescent
* fluorescent antibody (FA)
* techniques
* fluorescent enzyme immunoassays
* (FEIAs)
* fluoride
* fluorine
* fluorochromes
* fluorogen
* fluorophore
* fluoroquinolones
* 645
* 1021
* 1073
* focal infection
* focal length
* focal point
* folic acid
* folinic acid
* foliose lichens
* folliculitis
* fomite
* fomites
* Food and Drug Administration
* food poisoning
* food preservation
* foodborne botulism
* foodborne disease
* foodborne illness
* foodborne transmission
* foreign epitopes
* forensic science
* formalin
* formed elements
* Fornicata
* foscarnet
* Fox
* Fracastoro
* fragmentation
* frameshift mutation
* Francisella tularensis
* Frankia
* Franklin
* free protein antigens
* free ribosomes
* frequency
* fructose
* fruiting bodies
* frustules
* fruticose lichens
* FtsZ
* Fuligo septica
* fulminant hepatitis
* functional groups
* Fungi
* fungi
* fungicide
* fungicides
* fungistatic
* furuncle
* furuncles
* fusion inhibitors
* Fusobacterium
* 1023
* F’ plasmid
* F
* 
* cell
* G
* GABA
* galactose
* Galileo
* gallbladder
* gamma aminobutyric acid
* gamma irradiation
* gamma rays
* Gammaproteobacteria
* 172
* ganciclovir
* gangrenous ergotism
* Gardasil vaccine
* Gardnerella
* Gardnerella vaginalis
* gas chromatography (GC)
* gas gangrene
* 568
* gastritis
* gastroenteritis
* 1078
* gastrointestinal anthrax
* gastrointestinal tract
* gelatinase
* Gelsinger
* GenBank
* gene
* gene expression
* gene gun
* gene silencing
* gene therapy
* Generalized transduction
* generalized transduction
* generation time
* genetic code
* genetic diversity
* genetic engineering
* genetic rearrangement
* 802
* genetically modified organisms
* (GMOs)
* genetics
* genital herpes
* Genital herpes
* genital warts
* genome
* genomic library
* genomics
* genotype
* gentamicin
* 1126
* Geobacillus
* Geobacillus stearothermophilus
* 565
* germ theory of disease
* 710
* germ tube
* germ-line gene therapy
* German measles
* germicide
* germination
* Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker
* disease
* Ghon complexes
* GI tract
* giant viral species
* Giardia lamblia
* 634
* giardiasis
* Giemsa staining
* gingiva
* gingival crevice
* gingival space
* gingivitis
* glands
* glial cells
* gliotoxin
* glomerulonephritis
* 1019
* glomerulus
* glucose
* gluten
* glycan gimmickry
* glycans
* glycerol
* glycine receptors
* glycocalyces
* glycocalyx
* glycogen
* glycolipid
* glycolysis
* glycopeptides
* glycoprotein
* glycosidic bond
* glycosidic linkage
* glycosylation
* goblet cell
* goblet cells
* goiter
* Golden Age of Microbiology
* 708
* golden algae
* Golgi
* Golgi apparatus
* gonorrhea
* 935
* gonorrheal arthritis
* gonorrheal endocarditis
* Gonyaulax
* Gosling
* graft
* graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)
* 848
* Gram
* Gram stain procedure
* gram-negative bacteria
* 395
* gram-negative cells
* gram-positive bacteria
* 613
* gram-positive cells
* Gram’s iodine
* granular conjunctivitis
* granules
* granulocytes
* granuloma
* granulomatous amoebic
* encephalitis (GAE)
* granulomatous lesions
* granum
* granzyme
* granzymes
* Graves disease
* gravity displacement autoclave
* 564
* gray baby syndrome
* Great Oxygenation Event
* green algae
* green fluorescent protein
* green nonsulfur bacteria
* green sulfur bacteria
* Griffith
* Griffith’s transformation
* experiments
* griseofulvin
* Group A strep
* group A strep
* group A streptococci
* group A streptococcus (GAS)
* group B Streptococcus
* Group B streptococcus (GBS)
* 1180
* growth curve
* guanine
* guanosine
* guanosine triphosphate
* Guillain-Barré syndrome
* Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS)
* 1174
* guinea worm
* Guinea worm disease
* gummas
* gums
* H
* H. influenzae
* H1N1 influenza
* H2N2
* HA-MRSA
* HACEK bacilli
* Index 1287
* Haeckel
* Haemagogus
* Haemophilus
* Haemophilus ducreyi
* Haemophilus influenzae
* 934
* hair follicles
* half-life
* Halobacteria
* Halobacterium
* Halobacterium salinarum
* Haloferax volcanii
* halogens
* Halomonas
* halophiles
* Halothiobacillus neapolitanus
* halotolerant
* Hämmerling
* hand sanitizer
* handwashing
* Hansen’s disease
* 1184
* hantavirus
* Hantavirus
* hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
* 1146
* haploid
* haptens
* hard chancre
* Hashimoto thyroiditis
* Hata
* HAV
* hay fever
* HBV
* HCV
* HDV
* healthcare-associated infections
* (HAI)
* heart
* heart valves
* heartworm
* heat fixing
* heat-labile enterotoxin (LT)
* 436
* heat-stabile enterotoxin (ST)
* 436
* heavy chains
* heavy metals
* HeLa cell line
* helical
* helical virus
* helicase
* Helicobacter
* Helicobacter pylori
* 521
* helminth
* helminth infections
* helper T cells
* Helper T cells
* helper viruses
* hemagglutination
* hemagglutination assay
* hemagglutination inhibition (HAI)
* assays
* hemagglutinin
* hemagglutinin protein
* hematopoiesis
* hematopoietic stem cell
* hematopoietic stem cells
* hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs)
* 753
* hematuria
* hemiparesis
* hemocytometer
* hemoglobin-binding protein (Hgp)
* 1179
* hemolysin
* hemolysins
* hemolysis
* hemolytic disease of the newborn
* 882
* hemolytic disease of the newborn
* (HDN)
* hemolytic reaction
* hemolytic transfusion reaction
* (HTR)
* hemolytic transfusion reactions
* 882
* hemolytic uremic syndrome
* hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)
* 1066
* Hemophilus
* hemorrhagic fever with renal
* syndrome
* hemovigilance systems
* hepatitis
* Hepatitis
* hepatitis A
* hepatitis B
* Hepatitis B virus
* hepatitis B virus
* hepatitis B virus (HBV)
* hepatitis C
* Hepatitis C virus
* hepatitis delta virus (HDV)
* hepatitisviruses 
* hepatocytes
* hepatotoxicity
* 631
* herbalists
* Herceptin
* herd immunity
* hereditary angioedema
* heredity
* herpes
* herpes gladiatorum
* herpes keratitis
* herpes simplex virus
* 663
* herpes simplex virus (HSV)
* herpes simplex virus type 1
* (HSV-1)
* herpes simplex virus type 2
* (HSV-2)
* herpes virus
* Herpesvirus
* herpesvirus
* herpesviruses 
* herpetic gingivostomatitis
* herpetic keratitis
* herpetic whitlow
* Hershey and Chase
* heterocysts
* heterolactic fermentation
* heterotroph
* HEV
* hexachlorophene
* hexose monophosphate shunt
* Hfr cell
* Hib polysaccharide conjugate
* vaccine
* Hib vaccine
* 1288 Index


* high G+C gram-positive bacteria
* 156
* high-efficiency particulate air
* (HEPA) filter
* high-energy phosphate bond
* high-pressure liquid
* chromatography (HPLC)
* high-pressure processing
* high-resolution computed
* tomography (HRCT)
* high-temperature short-time
* (HTST) pasteurization
* high-throughput screening
* methods
* Hippocrates
* histamine
* histidine
* histone
* histone-like proteins
* histones
* Histoplasma capsulatum
* 997
* histoplasmosis
* HIV
* 693
* 1120
* HIV infection
* HIV/AIDS
* Hodgkin
* holdfast
* holoenzyme
* holozoic
* homolactic fermentation
* Hooke
* Hooke’s law of elasticity
* hookworm
* hookworm infection
* hookworms
* hopanoids
* horizontal direct contact
* transmission
* horizontal gene transfer
* 645
* horizontal gene transfer (HGT)
* 435
* hospital-acquired MRSA
* host range
* hot tub rash
* hot-tub lung
* housekeeping genes
* HPV
* HSV-1 and HSV-2
* Human African trypanosomiasis
* 1204
* human genome
* human granulocytic anaplasmosis
* (HGA)
* human growth hormone
* human herpesvirus
* human herpesvirus 4 (HHV-4)
* 1140
* human herpesvirus 5 (HHV-5)
* 1141
* human immunodeficiency virus
* (HIV)
* human leukocyte antigen (HLA)
* genes
* human leukocyte antigens (HLAs)
* 847
* human microbiome
* Human Microbiome Project
* human papillomavirus (HPV)
* 939
* human rabies immune globulin
* 1194
* human Rho(D) immune globulin
* 828
* humanized monoclonal antibodies
* 865
* humoral immunity
* HUS
* hyaluronidase
* hybridization
* hybridoma
* hycanthone
* hydatid disease
* hydrocarbon chain
* hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria
* hydrogen bonds
* hydrogen peroxide
* hydrogenosomes
* hydrolases
* hydrophilic
* hydrophobic
* hydroxychloroquine
* hydroxyl group
* hygiene hypothesis
* hyperbaric oxygen therapy
* 1121
* hyperglycemia
* hyperkalemia
* hyperpigmentation
* hypersaline
* hypersensitivity
* hypersensitivity pneumonitis
* 838
* hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP)
* 834
* hyperthermophiles
* hyperthyroidism
* hypertonic medium
* hyphae
* Hyphomicrobium
* hypodermis
* hypoglycemia
* hyponatremia
* hyposensitization
* hypotension
* hypothalamus
* hypothesis of causation
* hypothyroidism
* hypotonic medium
* I
* iatrogenic botulism
* iatrogenic disease
* iChip
* icosahedral
* ID50
* ifosfamide
* IgA
* IgA protease
* IgA1 protease
* IgD
* IgE
* IgG
* 882
* IgM
* IL-1
* IL-12
* IL-6
* illuminator
* image point (focus)
* Index 1289
* imidazoles
* imipenem
* imiquimod
* Imlygic
* immune complex
* immunoblot 
* immunochromatographic assays
* 894
* immunochromatographic RDT
* 1178
* Immunocytochemistry (ICC)
* immunodeficiency
* immunodominant
* immunoelectrophoresis (IEP)
* immunofiltration
* immunofluorescence
* immunofluorescent staining
* immunogens
* immunoglobulin α protease
* immunoglobulins
* immunohematology
* Immunohistochemistry (IHC)
* Immunology
* immunostaining
* immunosuppressant drug
* impetigo
* in situ bioremediation
* in vitro
* in vitro assays
* in vivo
* in-use test
* Inactivated vaccines
* incidence
* inclusion conjunctivitis
* inclusions
* incubation period
* India ink
* indirect agglutination assay
* indirect antiglobulin test (IAT)
* Indirect contact transmission
* indirect Coombs’ test
* indirect ELISA
* Indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA)
* tests
* indirect immunofluorescence assay
* (IFA)
* induced fit
* induced mutation
* inducer
* inducible operon
* induction
* infection
* infectious arthritis
* infectious disease
* infectious mononucleosis
* inflammation
* influenza
* 1189
* influenza A
* influenza A virus
* Influenza B virus
* Influenza C virus
* influenza pandemic
* influenza vaccine
* influenza virus
* influenza viruses
* Influenzavirus
* informed consent
* inhalation anthrax
* inhalation botulism
* inheritance
* initiation factors
* initiation of protein synthesis
* initiation of replication
* initiation of transcription
* initiation of translation
* injection anthrax
* injectisome
* inoculum
* inorganic compound
* [[inorganic phosphate [Pi]]
* [[]]]
* insertion
* Institute of Medicine
* insulin
* integrase inhibitors
* interactions
* intercalating agent
* interference
* interferon
* interferon alpha 2b
* interferons
* intergenic regions
* interleukins
* intermediate filaments
* intermediate host
* intermittent common source spread
* 710
* internalins
* internalization
* International Classification of
* Diseases
* International Classification of
* Diseases (ICD)
* International Committee on
* Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV)
* International Union of
* Microbiological Societies
* intertrigo
* intestinal fluke
* intestinal flukes
* intestine
* Intimin
* intoxication
* intracellular pathogens
* 796
* intracellular targeting toxin
* intradermal
* intrinsic growth rate
* intron
* intubation
* invasin
* invasion
* invasion factors
* Investigational New Drug (IND)
* application
* iodine
* iodophor
* iodoquinol
* ionizing radiation
* Irish potato famine
* iron lungs
* iron-sulfur protein
* iron-uptake factors
* irritable bowel syndrome
* ischemia
* isograft
* isohemagglutinin
* isomerism
* isomers
* isoniazid
* 1290 Index


* isoprene
* isoprene chains
* isoprenoids
* isopropyl alcohol
* isothermal PCR
* isotonic medium
* isotretinoin
* isotype
* isotype switching
* itraconazole
* 1001
* Ivanovski
* ivermectin
* Ixodes
* Ixodes scapularis
* Ixodes tick
* J
* J chain
* Jacob
* Janssen
* Japanese encephalitis
* Japanese encephalitis virus
* jaundice
* jock itch
* jumping genes
* Justinian plague
* K
* kanamycin
* Kaposi’s sarcoma
* Karenia brevis
* karyogamy
* keratin
* keratitis
* keratoconjunctivitis
* ketoconazole
* 999
* kidney transplants
* kidneys
* kinases
* kinetoplastids
* kinetoplasts
* Kingella kingae
* Kinyoun technique
* Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion test
* 648
* Klarer
* Klebsiella
* Klebsiella pneumoniae
* 651
* Koch
* Koch’s postulates
* koilocytes
* Koplik’s spots
* Korarchaeota
* Kossel
* Krebs cycle
* kuru
* L
* l form
* lac operon
* Lacks
* lacrimal ducts
* lacrimal gland
* lacrimal punctum
* lacrimal sac
* lactic acid
* lactic acid bacteria
* lactic acid bacteria (LAB)
* lactic acid fermentation
* Lactobacillales
* lactobacilli
* Lactobacillus
* 335
* Lactococcus lactis
* lactoferrin
* lactose
* lacZ
* lag period
* lag phase
* lagging strand
* lambda
* Laminaria
* Lamisil
* lamivudine
* Lancefield
* Lancefield group
* Lancefield groups
* lancet-shaped diplococci
* Landsteiner
* lansoprazole
* large intestine
* large subunit
* laryngitis
* laryngopharynx
* larynx
* last universal common ancestor
* (LUCA)
* latent disease
* latent infection
* latent period
* latent virus
* lateral flow tests
* latex allergy
* latex beads
* latex fixation assay
* Lawrence
* LD50
* leading strand
* lectin activation pathway
* Leeuwenhoek
* Legionella
* Legionella pneumophila
* 898
* Legionnaires disease
* Leishmania
* leishmaniasis
* lenses
* lepromatous (multibacillary)
* Hansen’s disease
* leprosy
* Leptospira
* leptospirosis
* Leptothrix
* Leptotrichia
* lesions
* Leuconostoc
* leukemia
* leukocidin
* leukocidins
* leukocyte esterase
* leukocytes
* leukopenia
* leukotrienes
* levofloxacin
* lice
* lichen
* life cycle
* ligation
* Index 1291
* light chains
* light microscopes
* light-dependent reaction
* light-harvesting complex
* light-independent reaction
* 346
* Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL)
* test
* lincomycin
* lincosamides
* linezolid
* linked recognition
* Linn
* Linnaean taxonomy
* Linnaeus
* lipases
* lipid
* lipid A
* lipid-bilayer
* lipids
* lipoglycans
* lipooligosaccharide
* lipooligosaccharide (LOS)
* endotoxin
* lipopeptides
* lipopolysaccharide
* lipopolysaccharide (LPS)
* 763
* lipoprotein
* liposome
* lipoteichoic acids
* Lippershey
* liquid nitrogen
* Lister
* Listeria monocytogenes
* 663
* listeriolysin O
* listeriosis
* lithotroph
* live attenuated vaccine
* Live attenuated vaccines
* liver
* liver cancer
* liver flukes
* Loa loa
* local infection
* lockjaw
* logarithmic (log) growth phase
* 366
* loiasis
* lophotrichous
* LOS
* Louis Pasteur
* low G+C gram-positive bacteria
* 156
* LPS
* LUCA
* lucanthone
* lumbar puncture
* lumefantrine
* lumen
* lupus
* Lyme disease
* 720
* lymph
* lymph nodes
* lymphadenitis
* lymphangitis
* lymphatic filariasis
* lymphatic system
* lymphoblasts
* lymphocytes
* lymphocytosis
* lymphogranuloma venereum
* 1027
* lymphopenia
* lyophilization
* lysis
* lysogen
* lysogenic conversion
* lysogenic cycle
* lysogeny
* lysosomes
* lysozyme
* Lytic animal viruses
* lytic cycle
* M
* M protein
* 1119
* MacConkey agar
* MacLeod
* macrolide antibiotics
* macrolides
* 1059
* macromolecule
* macronucleus
* macronutrient
* macrophage
* macrophages
* 784
* macules
* mad cow disease
* Mad cow disease
* magnetosomes
* Magnetospirillum
* magnetotacticum
* magnetotaxis
* Magnification
* major basic protein (MBP)
* major histocompatibility complex
* 786
* major histocompatibility complex
* (MHC)
* major histocompatibility complex
* markers
* malachite green
* malaise
* malaria
* 720
* Malarone
* Malassezia
* MALDI-TOF
* malignant
* Mallon
* malnutrition
* maltose
* mannitol salt agar
* mannitol salt agar (MSA)
* mannose-binding lectin
* Mantoux skin test
* Mantoux tuberculin skin test
* Margulis
* Mary Mallon
* mast cells
* maturation
* mature naïve T cells
* mature transcript
* maximum growth pH
* maximum growth temperature
* maximum permissive oxygen
* 1292 Index


* concentration
* McCarty
* McClintock
* measles
* 990
* mebendazole
* 1096
* mechanical defenses
* Mechanical transmission
* mechanical vector
* median infectious dose (ID50)
* median lethal dose (LD50)
* medulla
* mefloquine
* Megasphaera
* meiosis
* melanoma
* melarsoprol
* membrane attack complex (MAC)
* 748
* membrane envelope
* membrane filtration
* membrane filtration technique
* membrane fusion
* membrane ruffling
* membrane-bound ribosomes
* membrane-disrupting toxin
* memory
* memory B cells
* memory cell production
* memory cells
* memory cytotoxic T cells
* memory helper T cells
* Mendel
* meninges
* meningitis
* 637
* 1026
* meningitis belt
* Meningitis due to H. influenzae
* serotype b
* meningococcal meningitis
* 812
* Meningococcal meningitis
* meningoencephalitis
* menopause
* mepacrine
* mercuric chloride
* mercurochrome
* mercury
* Mereschkowski
* meropenem
* MERS
* merthiolate
* Meselson
* mesophile
* mesophiles
* messenger RNA
* messenger RNA (mRNA)
* metabolic pathway
* metabolism
* metachromatic granules
* metagenomic analysis
* metagenomics
* metatranscriptomics
* Methanobrevibacter
* methanogen
* methanogenesis
* Methanosarcina
* methanotroph
* methicillin
* methicillin-resistant S. aureus
* methicillin-resistant S. aureus
* (MRSA)
* methicillin-resistant
* Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
* 619
* methotrexate
* methylene blue
* Methylocystis
* Methylomonas
* metronidazole
* 1023
* MHC
* MHC I
* 847
* MHC II
* 802
* miasma hypothesis
* miasma theory
* micelle
* miconazole
* microaerophile
* microarray
* microarray analysis
* microbe
* microbial death curve
* microbial ecology
* Microbiology
* microbiome
* microbiota
* 1172
* microcephaly
* Micrococcus
* Micrococcus luteus
* microcystins
* Microcystis
* microfilaments
* Micrographia
* microinjection
* micronucleus
* micronutrient
* microorganism
* Microsporidia
* microsporidiosis
* Microsporum
* microtiter plate
* microtubules
* microvilli
* middle ear
* Miescher
* Mietzsch
* miliary tuberculosis
* Miller
* miltefosine
* minimal bactericidal concentration
* (MBC)
* minimal inhibitory concentration
* (MIC)
* minimum growth pH
* minimum growth temperature
* minimum permissive oxygen
* concentration
* minocycline
* mismatch repair
* missense mutation
* mites
* mitochondria
* mitochondrial DNA
* mitochondrial matrix
* mitosis
* Index 1293
* mitosomes
* mixed acid fermentation
* MMR
* Mobiluncus
* mode of action
* moist-heat sterilization
* mold
* molds
* molecular beacon
* molecular cloning
* molecular Koch’s postulates
* 708
* molecule
* monobactams
* monoclonal antibodies
* monoclonal antibodies (mAbs)
* monocular
* monocytes
* Monod
* monoecious
* monomer
* mononucleosis
* monosaccharide
* monosaccharides
* monotrichous
* monozygotic
* Moore
* Moraxella
* Moraxella catarrhalis
* 968
* morbidity
* Morbidity and Mortality Weekly
* Report (MMWR)
* morbidity rate
* mordant
* Morgan
* morphologies
* morphology
* mortality
* mortality rate
* mosquitoes
* most probable number (MPN)
* method
* mouth
* moxifloxacin
* mRNA
* MRSA
* 1164
* mucin
* mucins
* mucociliary escalator
* 964
* Mucor
* mucormycosis
* mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue
* (MALT)
* mucosal leishmaniasis
* mucous membrane
* mucous membranes
* mucus
* 1066
* Mullis
* multidrug resistant bacteria
* multidrug-resistant microbes
* (MDRs)
* multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium
* tuberculosis (MDR-TB)
* multiple banded antigen
* multiple cloning site (MCS)
* multiple myeloma
* multiple sclerosis
* mumps
* murein
* murine typhus
* mutagen
* mutant
* mutants
* mutation
* mutational analysis
* mutations
* mutualism
* myasthenia gravis
* mycelium
* Mycobacterium
* Mycobacterium leprae
* Mycobacterium tuberculosis
* 156
* 678
* mycolic acid
* mycolic acids
* mycology
* Mycoplasma
* Mycoplasma genitalium
* Mycoplasma hominis
* Mycoplasma pneumonia
* mycoplasma pneumonia
* Mycoplasma pneumoniae
* 898
* mycorrhizal fungi
* mycoses
* mycotoxin
* myelin sheath
* myocarditis
* myxobacteria
* Myxobacterium
* myxospores
* N
* n-docosanol
* N-formyl-methionine
* NAAT
* NAD+
* /NADH
* NADH
* [[NADP+

NADPH]]

* NADPH oxidase
* Naegleria fowleri
* nafcillin
* naftifine
* naïve helper T cells
* naïve mature B cells
* naked virus
* nalidixic acid
* Nanoarchaeota
* naphthoquinone
* narrow-spectrum antimicrobial
* 613
* nasal cavity
* nasolacrimal duct
* nasolacrimal ducts
* nasopharynx
* Natamycin
* National Academy of Medicine
* 545
* National Institutes of Health
* National Notifiable Disease
* Surveillance System
* native structure
* Natronobacterium
* Natural active immunity
* natural antibiotic
* 1294 Index


* natural killer (NK) cells
* natural killer cells (NK cells)
* Natural passive immunity
* Necator americanus
* 1095
* necrosis
* necrotizing enterocolitis
* necrotizing fasciitis
* 927
* Needham
* negative (−) single-strand RNA
* (−ssRNA)
* negative selection
* negative stain
* neglected parasitic infections
* (NPIs)
* neglected tropical disease
* Negri bodies
* Neisseria
* Neisseria gonorrhoeae
* 935
* Neisseria meningitidis
* 812
* Nematoda
* nematodes
* neomycin
* neonatal conjunctivitis
* neonatal herpes
* neonatal meningitis
* Neonatal tetanus
* Neosporin
* nephrotoxicity
* neuraminidase
* neurocysticercosis
* neuromycoses
* neurons
* neuropathy
* Neurospora crassa
* neurotoxicity
* neurotoxoplasmosis
* neurotransmitters
* neutralism
* Neutralization
* neutralization assays
* neutropenic enterocolitis
* neutrophil
* neutrophil extracellular traps
* (NETs)
* neutrophile
* neutrophils
* 784
* New Drug Application (NDA)
* next generation sequencing
* niclosamide
* nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
* 320
* nicotine adenine dinucleotide
* phosphate
* nifurtimox
* Nightingale
* nigrosin
* nikkomycins
* Nisin
* nitazoxanide
* nitrate reductase
* nitric oxide
* nitrification
* nitrites
* nitrofurantoin
* nitrogen cycle
* nitrogen fixation
* 348
* nitrogenous base
* nitrogenous bases
* nitroimidazoles
* Nitrosomonas
* NK cell
* NK cells
* Nocardia
* nodules
* noncoding DNA
* noncoliforms
* noncommunicable
* noncompetitive (allosteric)
* inhibitor
* noncritical item
* noncutaneous anthrax
* noncyclic photophosphorylation
* 343
* nonenveloped virus
* nongonococcal urethritis (NGU)
* 1020
* noninfectious disease
* nonionizing radiation
* nonpolar
* nonproteobacteria
* nonpyogenic streptococci
* nonsense codon
* nonsense mutation
* nonspecific innate immunity
* nonsulfur bacteria
* Nontreponemal serologic tests
* 1028
* Noroviruses
* northern blot
* Norwalk viruses
* nosocomial disease
* nosocomial infections
* Nothing But Nets campaign
* notifiable disease
* nuclear envelope
* nuclear lamina
* nuclear membrane
* nucleated cells
* nucleic acid
* nucleic acid amplification test
* Nucleic acid amplification testing
* 1040
* Nucleic acid amplification tests
* (NAAT)
* nucleic acid test
* nucleic acids
* nuclein
* nucleoid
* nucleoid-associated proteins
* (NAPs)
* nucleolus
* nucleoside
* nucleoside analog
* nucleotide
* nucleotide bases
* nucleotide excision repair
* nucleotides
* nucleus
* numerical aperture
* nystatin
* O
* O&P
* o-phenylphenol
* o-phthalaldehyde
* Index 1295
* O157:H7
* objective lenses
* obligate (strict) aerobe
* obligate anaerobe
* obligate intracellular pathogen
* obligate intracellular pathogens
* 678
* observational study
* ocular lens
* Office of Human Research
* Protection
* ofloxacin
* oil immersion lens
* Okazaki
* Okazaki fragments
* oleic acid
* oligodendrocytes
* oligopeptide
* oligotroph
* olsetamivir
* Olysio
* omeprazole
* Onchocerca volvulus
* onchocerciasis
* one gene–one enzyme hypothesis
* 411
* one-step multiplication curve for
* bacteriophage
* opacity
* operator
* operon
* ophthalmia neonatorum
* ophthalmopathy
* Opisthokonta
* Opisthorchis
* Opisthorchis felineus
* Opisthorchis viverrini
* opisthotonos
* opportunistic pathogen
* opportunistic pathogens
* opsonin
* opsonins
* opsonization
* optimum growth pH
* optimum growth temperature
* optimum oxygen concentration
* 382
* oral herpes
* oral therapy for desensitization
* 837
* oral thrush
* orchitis
* orfloxacin
* organic chemistry
* organic molecule
* organotroph
* oriental lung fluke
* origin of replication
* ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC)
* deficiency
* Ornithodoros hermsi
* oropharynx
* orthomyxovirus
* oseltamivir
* osmosis
* osmotic pressure
* OSOM Trichomonas Rapid Test
* 1041
* osteochondritis
* osteomyelitis
* otitis
* otitis externa
* otitis media with effusion (OME)
* 968
* Ötzi the Iceman
* Ouchterlony
* Ouchterlony assay
* outer membrane
* ova and parasite
* oxacillin
* oxamniquine
* oxazolidinones
* oxidation reaction
* oxidative phosphorylation
* 332
* Oxygen Revolution
* oxygenic photosynthesis
* ozone
* P
* P (peptidyl) site
* P2 protein
* PAGE
* pain
* palatine tonsils
* palisades
* PAMPs
* pan-resistance
* pancreas
* pandemic
* pandemic disease
* Panton-Valentine leukocidin
* (PVL)
* Pap smear
* Pap test
* Papillomas
* Papillomaviridae
* papules
* Parabasalia
* paracrine function
* Paragonimus westermani
* parainfluenza virus
* Paramecium
* paramyxovirus
* pararosaniline
* parasitic helminths
* parasitic worms
* parasitism
* parasitology
* Paratyphi
* parenteral route
* Parkinson’s disease
* paromomycin
* paroxysmal stage
* parvovirus B19
* parvoviruses
* pascalization
* passive carrier
* passive immunity
* passive transport
* Pasteur
* 565
* Pasteurella multocida
* Pasteurellaceae
* pasteurization
* paternity
* pathogen
* pathogen-associated molecular
* patterns (PAMPs)
* pathogenicity
* pathogenicity island
* 1296 Index


* pattern recognition receptors
* (PRRs)
* Pauling
* PCR
* Peach latent mosaic viroid
* Pediculus humanus
* Pediculus humanus var corporis
* 1136
* pellicle
* pelvic inflammatory disease
* Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
* 1015
* pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
* 1025
* penciclovir
* penetration
* penicillin
* 974
* penicillin G
* penicillin-binding protein (PBP)
* 619
* penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs)
* 643
* penicillinases
* penicillins
* Penicillium
* penis
* pentameric IgM
* pentamidine
* pentose phosphate pathway
* peptic ulcers
* peptide
* peptide bond
* peptidoglycan
* peptidyl transferase
* peracetic acid
* peramivir
* perforin
* pericarditis
* period of convalescence
* period of decline
* period of illness
* periodontal disease
* 1058
* periodontitis
* periods of disease
* periosteum
* peripheral nervous system (PNS)
* 1170
* peripheral tolerance
* periplasmic space
* peristalsis
* peritrichous
* peroxidase
* peroxidases
* peroxisomes
* peroxygen
* Persistent infection
* persisters
* Person-to-person transmission
* pertussis
* pertussis toxin (PT)
* petechiae
* petechial rash
* Petroff-Hausser chamber
* Peyer’s patches
* PFGE
* Pfiesteria piscicida
* Phaeophyta
* phage conversion
* phage therapy
* phagemids
* phagocytes
* phagocytosis
* 764
* phagolysosome
* phagosome
* pharmacogenomics
* pharyngitis
* pharynx
* Phase-contrast microscopes
* phenol
* phenol coefficient
* phenolic compounds
* phenolics
* phenotype
* phosphate group
* phosphodiester bonds
* phosphogluconate pathway
* phospholipase A
* phospholipase C
* phospholipases
* phospholipid
* phospholipid-derived fatty acid
* analysis (PLFA)
* phospholipid-derived fatty acids
* (PLFA) analysis
* phospholipids
* phosphorescence
* phosphorylation
* photolyase
* photophosphorylation
* photoreactivation
* photosynthesis
* 341
* photosynthetic bacteria
* photosynthetic pigment
* photosystem
* photosystem I (PSI)
* photosystem II (PSII)
* phototaxis
* phototoxicity
* phototroph
* phototrophic bacteria
* phototrophic eukaryotes
* phycobilisomes
* phycocyanin
* phycocyanins
* phycoerythrins
* phylogenetic tree
* phylogenies
* Phytophthora
* phytoplankton
* PI-1 pili
* PI-1 pilin
* pia mater
* Picornaviradae
* picornaviruses
* pig-bel
* pigeon fancier’s lung
* pili
* pimples
* pinkeye
* pinocytosis
* pinworm
* pinworms
* piperacillin/tazobactam
* Pirquet
* pituitary gland
* placebo
* placebo effect
* placenta
* Index 1297
* placental barrier
* plague
* Planctomycetes
* plankton
* planktonic
* Plant viruses
* plantar warts
* plantibodies
* plaque
* plaque reduction assay
* plaques
* plasma
* Plasma cells
* plasma cells
* plasma membrane
* plasmalemma
* plasmid
* plasmid vectors
* plasmids
* plasmodial slime molds
* Plasmodium
* Plasmodium falciparum
* plasmolysis
* plate count
* platelets
* Platyhelminthes
* pleconaril
* pleomorphic
* Plesiomonas shigelloides
* pleurisy
* PMNs
* pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
* 972
* Pneumococcal meningitis
* pneumococcal polysaccharide
* vaccine
* pneumococcal vaccines
* Pneumocystis
* Pneumocystis jirovecii
* 850
* Pneumocystis pneumonia
* 633
* pneumolysin
* pneumolysin O
* pneumonia
* 718
* pneumonic plague
* pneumonitis
* podofilox
* point mutation
* point source spread
* poison ivy
* polar head group
* polar tubule
* polio
* Polio
* polio vaccine
* Poliomyelitis (polio)
* poliovirus
* poly-A tail
* poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB)
* 307
* polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
* 872
* polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
* (PAGE)
* polycistronic
* polyclonal antibodies
* polyclonal antibody
* polyclonal antiserum
* polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
* (PAH)
* polyenes
* polyhedral
* polyhexamethylene biguanide
* Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB)
* polyketides
* polylinker site
* polymer
* Polymerase chain reaction
* polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
* 391
* polymicrobic infections
* polymorphonuclear neutrophils
* (PMNs)
* polymyxin
* Polymyxin B
* polymyxins
* Polyomaviridae
* polyoxins
* polypeptide
* polypeptide chain
* polyphyletic
* polyribosome
* polysaccharide
* polysaccharide capsules
* polysaccharides
* polysome
* population
* porin channels
* porins
* pork tapeworm
* Porphyromonas
* portal of entry
* portal of exit
* portal specificity
* positive (+) single-strand
* (+ssRNA)
* positive selection
* positive stain
* post-treatment Lyme disease
* syndrome
* potassium sorbate
* potato tuber spindle disease
* potency
* poultry worker’s lung
* pour plate method
* povidone-iodine
* poxviruses
* PPP
* praziquantel
* precipitin
* precipitin arcs
* precipitin reactions
* precipitin ring test
* prednisone
* pregnancy
* 1141
* pregnancy tests
* preservatives
* prevacuum sterilizer
* prevalence
* Prevotella
* prick puncture skin test (PPST)
* 836
* primary adrenal insufficiency
* (PAI)
* primary amoebic
* meningoencephalitis (PAM)
* Primary amoebic
* meningoencephalitis (PAM)
* 1298 Index


* primary antibody
* primary antibody response
* 827
* primary cell culture
* primary infection
* primary lymphoid tissue
* primary pathogen
* primary response
* primary stain
* primary structure
* primary transcript
* primase
* primer
* prion
* prions
* prodromal period
* progeny virus
* proglottid
* programmed cell death
* proguanil
* prokaryote
* prokaryotes
* prokaryotic cells
* promoter
* prontosil
* proofreading
* propagated spread
* properties of light
* prophage
* prophylaxis
* Propionibacteria
* Propionibacterium
* Propionibacterium acnes
* 930
* propionic acid
* propionic acid fermentation
* Prospective studies
* prostaglandins
* prostate
* prostate cancer
* prostatitis
* prosthetic joints
* protease
* protease inhibitors
* proteases
* proteasomes 
* protein folding
* protein sequence
* protein signatures
* protein subunit
* protein synthesis
* proteins
* Proteobacteria
* 171
* proteome
* proteomic analysis
* proteomics
* Proteus
* Proteus vulgaris
* Protist
* protist
* protist conjugation
* protists
* proton motive force
* Protozoa
* protozoa
* protozoans
* protozoology
* provirus
* pruritus
* Prusiner
* Pseudo-nitzschia
* pseudocyst
* pseudohypha
* pseudomembrane
* pseudomembranous colitis
* 1076
* Pseudomonas
* 351
* Pseudomonas aeruginosa
* 120
* 587
* 1017
* pseudomurein
* pseudopeptidoglycan
* pseudopodia
* psittacosis
* psoriasis
* psoriatic arthritis
* psychrophile
* psychrophiles
* psychrotrophs
* public health
* pUC19
* puerperal fever
* puerperal sepsis
* pulmonary anthrax
* pulp
* pulsed-field gel electrophoresis
* (PFGE)
* purines
* purple nonsulfur bacteria
* purple sulfur bacteria
* purulent
* pus
* pustules
* pyelonephritis
* Pyelonephritis
* pyemia
* pyloric sphincter
* pyocyanin
* pyoderma
* pyogens
* pyomyositis
* pyoverdin
* pyrantel pamoate
* pyrenoids
* pyrimethamine
* pyrimidines
* Pyrobolus
* Pyrodictium
* pyrogens
* [[pyrophosphate [PPi]]
* pyroptosis
* pyrrolysine
* pyruvate decarboxylase
* pyuria

Q

* Q fever
* qPCR
* quantitative PCR (qPCR)
* quantum tunneling
* quarantined
* quartan malaria
* quaternary ammonium salts (quats)
* 585
* quaternary structure
* quellung reaction
* quinacrine
* quinine
* Index 1299
* quinolines
* quinolones
* quinone
* quorum sensing

R

* R group
* R plasmids
* R. rickettsii
* rabbit fever
* rabies
* Rabies
* rabies virus (RV)
* radial immunodiffusion
* radiation
* radiation therapy
* raltegravir
* rapid plasma reagin
* Rapivab
* rashes
* rat-bite fever
* reaction center
* reactivation tuberculosis
* reactive arthritis
* reactive oxygen species
* reactive oxygen species (ROS)
* reading frame
* real-time PCR
* Receptor-mediated endocytosis
* 137
* recipient cell
* recognition site
* recombinant DNA
* Recombinant DNA Advisory
* Committee
* recombinant DNA
* pharmaceuticals
* recombinant DNA technology
* rectum
* red algae
* red blood cells
* Red bone marrow
* red tide
* Redi
* redox potential
* redox reaction
* reduction reaction
* reemerging infectious disease
* Reflection
* refraction
* refractive index
* refrigeration
* regulated secretory pathways
* regulatory gene
* regulatory T cells
* regulon
* relapsing fever
* Relenza
* Remak
* Reolysin
* Reoviridae
* reoviruses
* repetitive epitope units
* repetitive sequence-based PCR
* 536
* replica plating
* replication
* replication bubble
* replication forks
* reportable disease
* reporter gene
* repressible operon
* repressor
* reproductive system
* reservoir
* resident microbiota
* residue
* resolution
* respiration
* respiratory burst
* respiratory syncytial virus
* 988
* respiratory system
* restriction endonucleases
* restriction enzymes
* Restriction fragment length
* polymorphism (RFLP)
* retinoids
* retort
* Retrospective studies
* retrovirus
* retroviruses
* reverse genetics
* reverse transcriptase
* reverse transcriptase inhibitors
* Reverse transcriptase PCR (RTPCR)
* reverse transcriptase PCR (RTPCR)
* Reverse transcriptase-PCR (RTPCR)
* reverse transcriptase-polymerase
* chain reaction (RT-PCR)
* Reverse zoonoses
* Reye syndrome
* RFLP analysis
* Rh blood groups
* Rh factor
* Rh+ fetal red blood cells
* rheostat
* rheumatic fever
* rheumatoid arthritis
* rheumatoid factor (RF)
* rhinitis
* rhinosinusitis
* rhinovirus
* rhinoviruses
* Rhipicephalus sanguineus
* Rhizaria
* rhizines
* rhizobia
* Rhizobium
* Rhizopus
* Rhizopus arrhizus (oryzae)
* Rhizopus stolonifer
* Rho/D antigen
* Rhodococcus
* Rhodocyclus
* Rhodophyta
* Rhodospirillum
* RhoGAM
* ribavirin
* ribonucleic acid (RNA)
* ribonucleotides
* ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
* ribosome
* ribosomes
* riboswitch
* ribotyping
* ribozyme
* ribulose bisphosphate (RuBP)


* ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase
* (RuBisCO)
* Rich
* Rickettsia
* Rickettsia prowazekii
* Rickettsia rickettsii
* Rickettsia typhi
* rickettsial pox
* Rideal
* rifampicin
* rifampin
* 1122
* rifamycin
* rifaximin
* rimantadine
* ringworm
* 944
* risks
* ritonavir
* rituximab
* river blindness
* RNA
* RNA interference (RNAi)
* RNA polymerase
* 489
* RNA primase
* RNA splicing
* RNA transcript
* RNA-dependent RNA polymerase
* (RdRP)
* RNase H
* Rocky Mountain spotted fever
* 157
* rolling circle replication
* root canal
* rose bengal
* rose gardener’s disease
* rose thorn disease
* roseola
* rotavirus
* rough endoplasmic reticulum
* (RER)
* roundworms
* route of administration
* rRNA
* rubella
* rubeola
* runs
* rusts
* S
* S-layer
* Sabin vaccine
* Sabouraud's dextrose agar
* 998
* Sabouraud’s agar
* saccharide
* Saccharomyces
* Saccharomyces cerevisiae
* SAFE initiative
* safranin
* salicylic acid
* saliva
* salivary glands
* Salk vaccine
* Salmonella
* 678
* Salmonella enterica
* Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi
* 595
* Salmonella enterica subspecies
* typhi
* Salmonella pathogenicity islands
* 1069
* Salmonella typhi
* Salmonella typhimurium
* salmonellosis
* salpingitis
* Salvarsan
* sand fly
* sandwich ELISA
* Sanger
* Sanger DNA sequencing method
* 533
* sanitization
* saprozoic
* SARS
* satellite RNA
* saturated fatty acid
* sauna takers' disease
* scanning electron microscope
* (SEM)
* scanning probe microscope
* scanning tunneling microscope
* scarlet fever
* Schaeffer-Fulton method
* Schimper
* Schistosoma
* Schistosoma mansoni
* Schistosomiasis
* schistosomiasis
* schizogony
* Schleiden
* Schwann
* Schwann cells
* SCID
* scolex
* scrapie
* screening tests
* scrub typhus
* SDS-PAGE
* sebaceous glands
* sebum
* secondary antibody
* secondary antibody response
* secondary immunodeficiency
* secondary infection
* secondary lymphoid tissue
* secondary response
* secondary structure
* secretory IgA
* secretory vesicles
* selective IgA deficiency
* selective media
* selective toxicity
* selenocysteine
* self-antigen epitopes
* self-antigens
* self-reacting B cells
* self-reacting thymocytes
* semiconservative replication
* semicritical item
* seminal vesicles
* semisynthetic antimicrobial
* Semmelweis
* sense strand
* sensitization
* sepsis
* septate hyphae
* septic
* Index 1301
* septic arthritis
* septic shock
* septicemia
* septicemic plague
* septum
* sequelae
* serial dilution
* seroconversion
* serotonin
* serotypes
* serovars
* Serratia
* Serratia marcescens
* serum
* serum amyloid A
* serum sickness
* sessile
* severe combined
* immunodeficiency (SCID)
* sex pilus
* sexual reproduction
* sexually transmitted diseases
* sexually transmitted infections
* sheath
* sheep blood agar
* Shewanella
* Shiga toxin
* Shigella
* 1066
* Shigella dysenteriae
* Shigella flexneri
* shigellosis
* Shine-Dalgarno sequence
* shingles
* shock
* shuttle vectors
* sialic acid
* sialic acid receptor
* sialidase activity
* side chain
* side effects
* siderophores
* sign
* silent mutation
* silver
* simeprevir
* simple diffusion
* simple microscope
* simple staining
* sinecatechins
* single-stranded binding proteins
* 451
* single-stranded origin (sso) site
* 457
* sinusitis
* sipuleucel-T (Provenge)
* skin
* skin barrier
* sliding clamp
* slime layer
* slime molds
* small intestine
* small subunit
* smallpox
* smear
* smooth endoplasmic reticulum
* (SER)
* smuts
* Snow
* soaps
* Sobemoviruses
* sodium benzoate
* sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)
* sofosbuvir
* soft chancres
* Solvaldi
* soma
* somatic-cell gene therapy
* sonication
* sorbic acid
* sorbitol-MacConkey agar
* Southern
* Southern blot
* southwestern blot
* Spallanzani
* Spanish flu
* Specialized transduction
* specialized transduction
* specificity
* spectrophotometer
* spectrum of activity
* spike
* spinal cord
* spiramycin
* Spiramycin
* Spirillum minor
* spirochetes
* spleen
* spliceosome
* spontaneous generation
* spontaneous mutation
* sporadic disease
* spores
* Sporothrix schenkii
* sporotrichosis
* sporulation
* spread plate method
* ssDNA
* ssRNA
* St. Louis encephalitis (SLE)
* stage
* stages of pathogenesis
* Stahl
* staining
* staining patterns
* Stanley
* staphylococcal enterotoxins
* Staphylococcal food poisoning
* Staphylococcal scalded skin
* syndrome (SSSS)
* Staphylococcus
* Staphylococcus aureus
* Staphylococcus epidermidis
* Staphylococcus saprophyticus
* staphylokinases
* staphylolysins
* starch
* start codon
* stationary phase
* Steitz
* stem-loop structure
* Stenotrophomonas maltophila
* Stentor
* stereoisomers
* sterilant
* sterile field
* sterilization
* steroid
* sterol
* sterols
* stibogluconate
* sticky ends
* stigma
* stomach
* stomach ulcers
* stool sample
* stop codon
* stramenopiles
* stratum corneum
* strawberry tongue
* strep throat
* Streptobacillus moniliformis
* streptococcal mitogenic exotoxin
* streptococcal mitogenic exotoxins
* streptococcal pharyngitis
* streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin
* streptococcal pyrogenic toxins
* streptococcal superantigen
* streptococcal toxic shock syndrome
* (STSS)
* streptococcal toxic shock-like
* syndrome (STSS)
* streptococci
* Streptococcus
* Streptococcus agalactiae
* Streptococcus clavuligerus
* Streptococcus mutans
* Streptococcus pneumoniae
* Streptococcus pyogenes
* streptokinase
* streptokinases
* streptolysin
* streptolysins
* Streptomyces
* Streptomyces avermectinius
* Streptomyces erythreus
* Streptomyces natalensis
* Streptomyces roseosporus
* Streptomyces venezuelae
* streptomycin
* stress proteins
* stress response proteins
* stroma
* Strongyloides stercoralis
* 1095
* strongyloidiasis
* Strongyloidiasis
* structural formula
* structural gene
* structural isomers
* study participants
* subacute bacterial endocarditis
* subarachnoid space
* subclinical
* subcutaneous mycoses
* substrate
* substrate-level phosphorylation
* 326
* subunit vaccines
* sucrose
* sugar-phosphate backbone
* sulfa drug
* sulfa drugs
* sulfadiazine
* sulfadoxine
* sulfamethoxazole
* 1017
* sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim
* 631
* sulfanilamide
* sulfate-reducing bacteria
* sulfites
* Sulfolobus
* sulfonamide resistance
* sulfonamides
* sulfones
* sulfur bacteria
* sulfur cycle
* sulfur dioxide
* superantigen
* superantigens
* superbug
* superbugs
* supercoiled
* supercoiling
* supercritical fluids
* supergroups
* superinfection
* superoxide dismutase
* superoxide radicals
* suppurative
* suramin
* surfactant
* surfactants
* surgical scrubbing
* Sutton
* sweat glands
* swimmer’s ear
* symbiosis
* symptom
* synapses
* syncytia
* syndrome
* synergistic interaction
* syngamy
* synovial fluid
* synthetic antimicrobial
* syphilis
* Syphilis
* syringe filter
* systemic autoimmune disease
* systemic infection
* systemic inflammatory response
* syndrome (SIRS)
* systemic lupus erythematosus
* 899
* systemic lupus erythematosus
* (SLE)
* systemic mycoses
* SYTOX Green

T

* T cell-independent activation
* T cells
* T lymphocytes
* T-cell dependent antibody
* response
* T-cell receptor (TCR)
* T-dependent antigens
* T-independent antigens
* T-VEC
* Taenia
* Taenia saginata
* Taenia solium
* Taeniasis
* tail fiber
* tail pins
* Tamiflu
* tapeworm
* tapeworms
* Taq DNA polymerase
* Taq polymerase
* target mimicry
* tartar
* TATA box
* Taxonomy
* TCR
* Tdap vaccine
* tear sac
* tears
* teeth
* teixobactin
* telbivudine
* telomerase
* telomere
* Temperate phages
* TeNT antitoxin
* teratogenic
* terbinafine
* termination of DNA replication
* 453
* termination of transcription
* termination of translation
* terpenoids
* tertian malaria
* tertiary structure
* test sensitivity
* test specificity
* testes
* tetanus
* Tetanus
* tetanus neurotoxin
* tetanus toxin
* tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccine
* tetracycline
* tetracyclines
* tetraspanins
* TH1 cells
* TH17 cells
* TH2 cells
* thallium acetate
* thallus
* Thaumarchaeota
* theca
* Theileria (Babesia) microti
* therapeutic dosage
* thermal cycler
* thermal death point (TDP)
* thermal death time (TDT)
* thermophiles
* Thermoproteus
* Thermotoga
* Thermotogae
* Thermus aquaticus
* theta (θ) toxin
* thiabendazole
* thin sections
* Thiobacillus
* thioglycolate medium
* thioglycolate tube culture
* thioxanthenones
* thrombi
* thrombocytes
* thrombosis
* Thucydides
* thylakoid
* thylakoids
* thymic selection
* thymine
* thymine dimer
* thymocytes
* thymol
* thymus
* thyroid
* thyroid stimulating hormone
* (TSH)
* thyroid-stimulating
* immunoglobulin (TSI)
* ticks
* tigecycline
* tincture
* tine test
* tinea corporis
* tinea cruris
* tinea pedis
* tinea versicolor
* tineas
* tinidazole
* tioconazole
* tissue transplant rejection
* tissue tropism
* titer
* TMP/SMZ
* TNF-α
* tobacco mosaic disease
* tobacco mosaic virus
* toga
* tolerance
* toll-like receptors
* toll-like receptors (TLRs)
* Tomato planta macho viroid
* tongue
* tonsillitis
* tonsils
* tooth
* topoisomerase
* topoisomerase II
* topoisomerase IV
* topoisomerases
* TORCH
* TORCH test
* total magnification
* toxemia
* toxic shock syndrome
* toxic shock syndrome (TSS)
* toxic shock syndrome toxin
* toxic shock syndrome toxin
* (TSST)
* toxic shock syndrome toxin-1
* toxicity
* toxicogenomics
* toxigenicity
* toxin
* toxins
* Toxocara canis
* toxocariasis
* toxoid vaccines
* Toxoplasma gondii
* toxoplasmosis
* trace element
* trachea
* trachoma
* Trachoma
* transcription
* 446
* transcription bubble
* transcription factors
* transcriptomics
* transduction
* transendothelial migration
* transfection
* transfer RNA (tRNA)
* transferrin
* transferrin-binding protein (Tbp)
* 1179
* transformation
* transfusion
* transgenic
* transgenic plants
* transglutinaminase
* transglycosylation
* transient microbiota
* transition reaction
* translation
* translocation
* transmissible spongiform
* encephalopathies (TSEs)
* transmissible spongiform
* encephalopathy
* transmission
* transmission electron microscope
* (TEM)
* transmittance
* transparency
* transpeptidase
* transpeptidation
* transplantation
* transport vesicles
* transposase
* transposition
* transposons
* traveler’s diarrhea
* trematodes
* trench fever
* trench mouth
* Treponema
* Treponema pallidum
* Treponemal serologic tests
* triacylglycerol
* triatomine bug
* triazole
* tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA)
* trichenellosis
* trichiasis
* Trichinella
* Trichinella spiralis
* trichinosis
* Trichinosis
* trichloroethylene (TCE)
* Trichomonas vaginalis
* trichomoniasis
* Trichomoniasis
* Trichophyton
* Trichophyton rubrum
* trichuriasis
* Trichuris trichiura
* triclabendazole
* triclocarban
* triclosan
* triglyceride
* triglycerides
* trimethoprim
* trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
* tripeptide
* tRNA
* trophozoite
* tropism
* trp operon
* Trypanosoma
* Trypanosoma brucei
* 697
* Trypanosoma cruzi
* trypanosomes
* tryptic soy broth (TSB)
* tsetse fly
* TSH-receptor antibody
* tubercle
* tubercles
* tuberculin
* Tuberculoid (paucibacillary)
* Hansen’s disease
* tuberculosis
* 626
* 726
* tuberculosis vaccine
* tularemia
* tumbles
* tumor
* tumor antigen
* tumor necrosis factor
* tumor-inducing (Ti
* ) plasmids
* tumor-specific antigens
* turbidity
* turducken
* two-dimensional PAGE
* two-photon microscope
* Twort
* tympanic membrane
* type 1 diabetes mellitus
* type 1 fimbrial adhesin
* type I hypersensitivity
* type II hypersensitivities
* type III hypersensitivity
* type III secretion effectors
* type IV hypersensitivities
* type IV pili
* Typhi
* typhoid fever
* 880
* Typhoid Mary
* Index 1305
* typhus
* tyrosine kinase

U

* ulcer
* ultra-high-temperature (UHT)
* pasteurization
* ultra-low freezer
* ultramicrotome
* ultraviolet radiation
* undulating fever
* unfolded proteins
* unit membranes
* unsaturated fatty acid
* uracil
* Ureaplasma
* Ureaplasma urealyticum
* urease
* ureter
* urethra
* urethritis
* Urey
* uridine
* urinalysis
* urinary bladder
* urinary meatus
* urinary system
* urinary tract infection
* urinary tract infection (UTI)
* urinary tract infections
* Urinary tract infections
* urine
* urine dipstick
* urogenital system
* urushiol
* use-dilution test
* uterus
* UV light

V

* vaccination
* vaccine
* Vaccine schedules
* Vaccinia virus
* vacuum filter
* vacuum-assisted closure (VAC)
* vagina
* vaginal microbiota
* vaginal pH
* vaginal swabs
* vaginitis
* vaginolysin
* vaginosis
* valacyclovir
* valganciclovir
* Valley fever
* van Helmont
* van Leeuwenhoek
* vancomycin
* Vancomycin
* vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus
* (VISA)
* vancomycin-resistant enterococci
* (VRE)
* vancomycin-resistant S. aureus
* (VRSA)
* variable (V)
* joining (J) segments
* variable region
* variable regions
* varicella
* varicella-zoster virus
* variolation
* Varro
* vas deferens
* vasculitis
* vasoconstriction
* vasodilation
* VDRL test
* vector
* vectors
* vegetative cells
* vehicle transmission
* Veillonella
* vein
* Venereal Disease Research
* Laboratory
* Vertical direct contact transmission
* 718
* vertical gene transfer
* vesicle
* Vi antigen
* viable
* viable plate count
* Vibrio
* Vibrio cholerae
* 426
* Vibrionales
* vidarabine
* villi
* vincristine
* vinegar
* viral adhesins
* viral capsid
* viral conjunctivitis
* viral envelope
* viral genomes
* viral hemagglutination inhibition
* assay
* viral meningitis
* viral neuraminidase
* viral pneumonia
* viral titer
* viral vectors
* Virchow
* viremia
* viricide
* viridans group streptococci
* virion
* Viroids
* virology
* viromes
* virulence
* virulence factor
* virulence factor B
* virulence factors
* virulence gene
* Virulent phages
* Virus
* viruses
* virusoid
* visceral leishmaniasis
* visible light
* vitreous humor
* VlsE
* Volutin
* voriconazole
* 1306 Index
* VTEC
* vulva

W

* Waksman
* Walker
* walking pneumonia
* Wallin
* Warthin-Starry silver-precipitate
* procedure
* warts
* Wasserman test
* Wassermann
* water activity
* water activity (aw)
* water molds
* water purification
* waterborne transmission
* Watson
* Watson and Crick
* wavelength
* waxes
* Weil’s disease
* Weiner
* 'West African trypanosomiasis
* West Nile encephalitis (WNE)
* West Nile virus
* western blot
* Western equine encephalitis
* (WEE)
* wet mount
* wheal
* wheal-flare reaction
* whipworms
* Whittaker
* whooping cough
* Widal test
* wild type
* Wilkins
* Winterbottom’s sign
* wobble position
* Woese
* Wood’s lamp
* wool sorter’s disease
* World Health Organization (WHO)
* 726
* World War I
* wound botulism


X

* X-gal
* X-linked agammaglobulinemia
* 850
* X-linked SCID
* X-ray diffraction
* X-rays
* x-y mechanical stage knobs
* XDR-TB
* xenobiotic
* xenobiotics
* xenograft
* Xenopsylla cheopis
* Xenopus laevis
* xylitol
* xylose-lysine-deoxycholate

Y

* Yarrowia
* yeast infection
* 1038
* yeasts
* yellow fever


* Yellow Fever Initiative
* Yersinia
* Yersinia pestis
* yogurt
==Z==
* Z ring
* Z-scheme
* zanamivir
* Ziehl-Neelsen technique
* Zika virus
* zinc chloride
* zinc oxide
* ZMapp
* zone of inhibition
* zones of inhibition
* zoonoses
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