Nicotine

From WikiMD
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Information about Nicotine

Nicotine is a natural alkyloid that is a major component of cigarettes and is used therapeutically to help with smoking cessation.

Liver safety of Nicotine

Nicotine has not been associated with liver test abnormalities or with clinically apparent hepatotoxicity.

Mechanism of action of Nicotine

Nicotine (nik' oh teen) is a liquid alkyloid that has a variety of activities in the body and central nervous system (CNS), acting largely as a stimulant via activation of nicotinic receptors. Nicotine is a CNS stimulant and has both stimulatory and depressant actions on autonomic ganglia. Use of nicotine in a program to stop smoking has been shown to increase the rate of smoking cessation in oral and transdermal forms. Nicotine is readily absorbed through the skin, mucous membranes and lungs.

Brand name for Nicotine

Oral nicotine can be taken as a gum (Nicorette: 2 or 4 mg each), or lozenge (2 or 4 mg) which is dissolved in the mouth and not swallowed or chewed. Nasal spray, inhaler (Nicotrol) and transdermal formulations (NicoDerm, Habitrol and others) are also used in smoking cessation programs. Most of these products are available over the counter, without prescription.

Dosage and administration for Nicotine

The usual dose regimen varies by formulation and the dose is typically given in decreasing amounts with cigarette withdrawal. Cigarettes typically have 10 to 25 mg of nicotine each, and peak plasma nicotine levels are higher with cigarettes than with replacement products.

Side effects of Nicotine

Common side effects of nicotine include nausea, dyspepsia, nervousness, dizziness, headache, tachycardia and palpitations. Overdose of nicotine can cause mental confusion, faintness, hypotension, convulsions and respiratory failure.

Substance abuse treatment agents

Cost and Coupons - Nicotine

Reviews for Nicotine

This article is a stub. YOU can help Wikimd by expanding it!

Articles on Nicotine

Wikipedia

Learn more about Nicotine

Help WikiMD

Find something you can improve? Join WikiMD as an an editor and help improve this page or others.

Apple bitten.svg

WikiMD is a free medical encyclopedia and wellnesspedia moderated by medical professionals.

W8MD weight loss logo

Ad. Tired of being overweight?. W8MD's insurance Weight loss program can HELP*

Quick links: Medicine Portal | Encyclopedia‏‎‏‎ | Gray's Anatomy‏‎ | Topics‏‎ |‏‎ Diseases‏‎ | Drugs | Wellness | Obesity‏‎ | Metabolic syndrome | Weight loss*
Disclaimer: The entire contents of WIKIMD.ORG are for informational purposes only and do not render medical advice or professional services. If you have a medical emergency, you should CALL 911 immediately! Given the nature of the wiki, the information provided may not be accurate, misleading and or incorrect. Use the information on this wiki at your own risk! See full Disclaimer.
Link to this page: <a href="http://www.wikimd.org/wiki/Nicotine">Nicotine</a>

  • Individual results may vary for weight loss from our sponsors.