Outline of diabetes

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to diabetes mellitus (diabetes insipidus not included below) :

Diabetes mellitus – group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond properly to the insulin that is produced,[1] a condition called insulin resistance. The resultant high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).

What type of thing is diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes can be described as a:

Types of diabetes mellitus

  • Prediabetes (mellitus–
  • Main types of diabetes:
    • Diabetes mellitus type 1 – disease that results in autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.[4]
    • Diabetes mellitus type 2 – metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency.[5]
      • Disease of affluence – type 2 diabetes is one of the "diseases of affluence", which include mostly chronic non-communicable diseases for which personal lifestyles and societal conditions associated with economic development are believed to be important risk factors.
    • Gestational diabetes – Gestational diabetes, is a temporary condition that is first diagnosed during pregnancy. Like type 1 and type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes causes blood sugar levels to become too high. It involves an increased risk of developing diabetes for both mother and child.

Signs and symptoms of diabetes

  • Symptoms of prediabetes – prediabetes typically has no distinct signs or symptoms. Patients should monitor for signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus (see below).

Signs and symptoms of Type II diabetes mellitus

Symptoms of type II diabetes mellitus include:[6]

Causes of diabetes

Causes of diabetes mellitus type 1

Causes of diabetes mellitus type 2

Related conditions

Preventing diabetes

Preventing diabetes mellitus type 1

Currently, there is no known way to prevent diabetes mellitus type 1.

Preventing diabetes mellitus type 2

Preventing diabetes mellitus type 2 – entails a lifestyle with a routine, regime, or self care program that includes the following:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Proper nutrition
  • Regular physical exercise – in addition to helping to maintain a healthy weight, sufficient vigorous physical exercise increases cells' sensitivity to insulin, and can thus prevent and possibly revert insulin resistance.
  • Medication – specific medications have been shown to be able to prevent type 2 diabetes. However, the disease can often be delayed through proper nutrition and regular exercise.[7]

Treating diabetes

Low-carbohydrate diet

Low-carbohydrate dietary programs

History of diabetes

History of diabetes influence

Persons influential in relation to diabetes

See also

by DHEERAJ Pandalaneni

References

  1. "Can Diabetes be Cured Naturally? - Diabetes Destroyer Review". Diabetes Destroyer Review. 2014-07-17. Retrieved 2017-05-11.
  2. "Can Diabetes be Cured Naturally? | New Research to Cure Type 2 Diabetes- Start Reversing Today". curetype2diabetes.cf. Retrieved 2016-10-23.
  3. "Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus". Retrieved 2008-08-04.
  4. Mayo Clinic Diabetes: "Prediabetes". [1]. Accessed Jan. 27, 2009.
  5. Raina Elley C, Kenealy T (December 2008). "Lifestyle interventions reduced the long-term risk of diabetes in adults with impaired glucose tolerance". Evid Based Med. 13 (6): 173. doi:10.1136/ebm.13.6.173. PMID 19043031.
  6. Jamie Oliver's 2010 TED Talk: http://www.ted.com/talks/view/id/765
  7. Canada's Health Food Guide, Reference Page: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/food-guide-aliment/index-eng.php
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