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Simple English glossary of terms

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Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

A

  • abbreviated - (of clothing) very short; cut short in duration
  • abbreviation - shortening something by omitting parts of it; a shortened form of a word or phrase
  • abc - the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural)
  • abdominal - of or relating to or near the abdomen; the muscles of the abdomen
  • abduce - advance evidence for
  • abducens - a small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye
  • abduct - pull away from the body; take away to an undisclosed location against their will and usually in order to extract a ransom
  • abducted - (of persons) seized and detained unlawfully, often for ransom
  • abductor - a muscle that draws a body part away from the median line; someone who unlawfully seizes and detains a victim (usually for ransom)
  • aberrant - markedly different from an accepted norm; one whose behavior departs substantially from the norm of a group
  • ablation - surgical removal of a body part or tissue; the erosive process that reduces the size of glaciers
  • abnormally - in an abnormal manner
  • abo - a dark-skinned member of a race of people living in Australia when Europeans arrived
  • abocclusion - the condition in which the upper teeth do not touch the lower teeth when biting
  • aboral - opposite to or away from the mouth
  • abortifacient - causing abortion; a drug (or other chemical agent) that causes abortion
  • abortion - termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan
  • abortionist - a person (who should be a doctor) who terminates pregnancies
  • abortive - failing to accomplish an intended result
  • abortus - a human fetus whose weight is less than 0.5 kilogram when removed or expelled from the mother's body
  • above - appearing earlier in the same text; at an earlier place; in or to a place that is higher; an earlier section of a written text
  • abrasion - erosion by friction; an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off; the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
  • abrasive - causing abrasion; sharply disagreeable; rigorous; a substance that abrades or wears down
  • abreact - discharge bad feelings or tension through verbalization
  • abreaction - (psychoanalysis) purging of emotional tensions
  • abscess - symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
  • absent - lost in thought; showing preoccupation; not in a specified place physically or mentally; go away or leave
  • absorbable - capable of being absorbed or taken in through the pores of a surface
  • absorbed - taken in through the pores of a surface; retained without reflection; giving or marked by complete attention to
  • absorbing - capable of arousing and holding the attention
  • abstainer - a person who refrains from drinking intoxicating beverages; someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline
  • abstinence - act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite: the trait of abstaining (especially from alcohol)
  • abulia - a loss of will power
  • abused - subjected to cruel treatment; used improperly or excessively especially drugs
  • abuser - someone who abuses
  • acanthosis - an abnormal but benign thickening of the prickle-cell layer of the skin (as in psoriasis)
  • acapnia - a state in which the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is lower than normal; can result from deep or rapid breathing
  • acariasis - infestation with itch mites
  • acaricide - a chemical agent used to kill mites
  • acarophobia - a morbid fear of small insects and mites and worms
  • accelerate - move faster; cause to move faster
  • acceptable - worthy of acceptance or satisfactory; adequate for the purpose; judged to be in conformity with approved usage; meeting requirements
  • accident - anything that happens by chance without an apparent cause; a mishap; especially one causing injury or death
  • accidentally - without advance planning; without intention; in an unintentional manner; in an incidental manner
  • accompanied - having accompaniment or companions or escort
  • accompanying - following as a consequence
  • according - (followed by `to') as reported or stated by; (followed by `to') in agreement with or accordant with
  • accouchement - the parturition process in human beings; having a baby; the process of giving birth to a child
  • accountability - responsibility to someone or for some activity
  • accountable - liable to account for one's actions
  • accumulate - collect or gather; get or gather together
  • accumulated - brought together into a group or crowd; periodically accumulated over time
  • accurately - with few mistakes; strictly correctly
  • accused - a defendant in a criminal proceeding
  • accustomed - (often followed by `to') in the habit of or adapted to: commonly used or practiced; usual
  • acebutolol - an oral beta blocker (trade name Sectral) used in treating hypertension
  • acetabulum - the cup-shaped hollow in the hipbone into which the head of the femur fits to form a ball-and-socket joint
  • acetate - a salt or ester of acetic acid; a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
  • acetic - relating to or containing acetic acid
  • acetone - the simplest ketone; a highly inflammable liquid widely used as an organic solvent and as material for making plastics
  • acetonuria - excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation
  • acetylcholine - a neurotransmitter that is a derivative of choline; released at the ends of nerve fibers in the somatic and parasympathetic nervous systems
  • ache - a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain; have a desire for something or someone who is not present; be the source of pain; feel physical pain
  • achieve - to gain with effort
  • achievement - the action of accomplishing something
  • aching - causing a dull and steady pain; a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain
  • achlorhydria - an abnormal deficiency or absence of free hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice; often associated with severe anemias and cancer of the stomach
  • acholia - a condition in which little or no bile is secreted or the flow of bile into the digestive tract is obstructed
  • achondroplasia - an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism
  • achy - causing a dull and steady pain
  • acidity - pH values below 7; the taste experience when something acidic is taken into the mouth; the property of being acidic
  • acidosis - abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • acidotic - having or being characterized by acidosis
  • acinus - one of the small sacs or saclike dilations in a compound gland; one of the small drupes making up an aggregate or multiple fruit like a blackberry
  • acne - an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin; characterized by papules or pustules or comedones
  • acoustic - of or relating to the science of acoustics; a remedy for hearing loss or deafness
  • acquired - gotten through environmental forces
  • acrocephaly - a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
  • acrocyanosis - cyanosis of the extremities; can occur when a spasm of the blood vessels is caused by exposure to cold or by strong emotion
  • acromion - the outermost point of the spine of the shoulder blade
  • acrophobia - a morbid fear of great heights
  • across - transversely; to the opposite side
  • acth - a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • acting - serving temporarily especially as a substitute; the performance of a part or role in a drama
  • actinomycin - any of various red antibiotics isolated from soil bacteria
  • activating - causing motion or action or change; the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • acts - a New Testament book describing the development of the early church from Christ's Ascension to Paul's sojourn at Rome
  • actualisation - making real or giving the appearance of reality
  • actualization - making real or giving the appearance of reality
  • acuity - sharpness of vision; the visual ability to resolve fine detail (usually measured by a Snellen chart); a quick and penetrating intelligence
  • acupressure - treatment of symptoms by applying pressure with the fingers to specific pressure points on the body
  • acupuncture - treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
  • acutely - having a rapid onset; in an acute manner; in a shrewd manner; changing suddenly in direction and degree
  • acyclovir - an oral antiviral drug (trade name Zovirax) used to treat genital herpes; does not cure the disease but relieves the symptoms
  • ad - in the Christian era; used before dates after the supposed year Christ was born; a public promotion of some product or service
  • adad - Babylonian god of storms and wind
  • adapt - make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose; adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions
  • adapted - changed in order to improve or made more fit for a particular purpose
  • addicted - compulsively or physiologically dependent on something habit-forming
  • addictive - causing or characterized by addiction
  • additional - further or added
  • addressed - (of mail) marked with a destination
  • adducent - especially of muscles; bringing together or drawing toward the midline of the body or toward an adjacent part
  • adduct - a compound formed by an addition reaction; draw a limb towards the body
  • adduction - (physiology) moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body
  • adductor - a muscle that draws a body part toward the median line
  • aden - an important port of Yemen; located on the Gulf of Aden; its strategic location have made it a major trading center of southern Arabia since ancient times
  • adenine - (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA
  • adenitis - inflammation of a gland or lymph node
  • adenocarcinoma - malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
  • adenohypophysis - the anterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature
  • adenoidal - sounding as if the nose were pinched; of or pertaining to the adenoids
  • adenoidectomy - surgical removal of the adenoids; commonly performed along with tonsillectomy
  • adenoma - a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin
  • adenopathy - a glandular disease or enlargement of glandular tissue (especially of the lymph glands)
  • adenosis - a disorder of the glands of the body
  • adenovirus - any of a group of viruses including those that in humans cause upper respiratory infections or infectious pinkeye
  • adequate - (sometimes followed by `to') meeting the requirements especially of a task; about average; acceptable; enough to meet a purpose
  • adequately - in an adequate manner; in an adequate manner or to an adequate degree
  • adhd - a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
  • adhesive - tending to adhere; a substance that unites or bonds surfaces together
  • adipose - composed of animal fat
  • adiposis - the property of excessive fatness
  • adjoining - having a common boundary or edge; touching
  • adjustable - capable of being regulated; capable of being changed so as to match or fit
  • adjuvant - enhancing the action of a medical treatment; furnishing added support; an additive that enhances the effectiveness of medical treatment
  • administrative - of or relating to or responsible for administration
  • admired - regarded with admiration
  • admission - the act of admitting someone to enter; an acknowledgment of the truth of something; the fee charged for admission
  • adnexa - an accessory or adjoining anatomical parts or appendages (especially of the embryo)
  • adolescence - in the state that someone is in between puberty and adulthood; the time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood
  • adolescence - in the state that someone is in between puberty and adulthood; the time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood
  • adopted - acquired as your own by free choice; having been taken into a specific relationship
  • adoptive - of parents and children; related by adoption; acquired as your own by free choice
  • adp - data processing by a computer; an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
  • adrenal - of or pertaining to the adrenal glands or their secretions: near the kidneys; either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
  • adrenalectomy - surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands
  • adrenaline - a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • adrenergic - relating to epinephrine (its release or action); drug that has the effects of epinephrine
  • adrenocortical - of or derived from the cortex of the adrenal glands
  • adrenocorticotrophic - stimulating or acting on the adrenal cortex
  • adsorbent - having capacity or tendency to adsorb or cause to accumulate on a surface; a material having capacity or tendency to adsorb another substance
  • adsorption - the accumulation of molecules of a gas to form a thin film on the surface of a solid
  • adult - (of animals) fully developed; any mature animal; a fully developed person from maturity onward
  • adventitia - an enveloping or covering membrane or layer of body tissue
  • adventitious - associated by chance and not an integral part
  • adverb - the word class that qualifies verbs or clauses; a word that modifies something other than a noun
  • adverse - in an opposing direction; contrary to your interests or welfare
  • adversely - in an adverse manner
  • advice - a proposal for an appropriate course of action
  • advisable - worthy of being recommended or suggested; prudent or wise
  • advise - inform (somebody) of something; give advice to; make a proposal, declare a plan for something
  • advised - having received information; having the benefit of careful prior consideration or counsel
  • advisory - giving advice; an announcement that usually advises or warns the public of some threat
  • advocacy - active support of an idea or cause etc.; especially the act of pleading or arguing for something
  • adynamic - lacking strength or vigor; characterized by an absence of force or forcefulness
  • aedes - yellow-fever mosquitos
  • aeration - the act of charging a liquid with a gas making it effervescent; the process of exposing to air (so as to purify)
  • aerobe - an organism (especially a bacterium) that requires air or free oxygen for life
  • aerobic - depending on free oxygen or air; based on or using the principles of aerobics; enhancing respiratory and circulatory efficiency
  • aerophagia - swallowing air (usually followed by belching and discomfort and flatulence)
  • aeroplane - an aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jets
  • aetiological - relating to the etiology of a disease; of or relating to the philosophical study of causation
  • aetiology - the philosophical study of causation; the cause of a disease
  • aetiology - the philosophical study of causation; the cause of a disease
  • afebrile - having no fever
  • affairs - transactions of professional or public interest; matters of personal concern
  • affected - acted upon; influenced; speaking or behaving in an artificial way to make an impression; being excited or provoked to the expression of an emotion
  • affecting - arousing affect
  • affection - a positive feeling of liking
  • affective - characterized by emotion
  • aflatoxin - a potent carcinogen from the fungus Aspergillus; can be produced and stored for use as a bioweapon
  • africa - the second largest continent; located south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
  • african - of or relating to the nations of Africa or their peoples; a native or inhabitant of Africa
  • after - located farther aft; behind or in the rear; happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  • afterbirth - the placenta and fetal membranes that are expelled from the uterus after the baby is born
  • aftercare - care and treatment of a convalescent patient
  • afternoon - the part of the day between noon and evening; a conventional expression of greeting or farewell
  • afterpains - pains felt by a woman after her baby is born; associated with contractions of the uterus
  • afterwards - happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  • again - anew
  • agalactia - a condition in which milk is not secreted in the mother's breasts after her child has been delivered
  • agar - a colloidal extract of algae; used especially in culture media and as a gelling agent in foods; any culture medium that uses agar as the gelling agent
  • agenesis - imperfect development; nondevelopment of a part
  • agglutinate - united as if by glue; clump together; as of bacteria, red blood cells, etc.; string together (morphemes in an agglutinating language)
  • agglutinin - an antibody that causes agglutination of a specific antigen
  • agglutinogen - any substance that acts as an antigen to cause agglutinin production
  • aggravate - make worse; exasperate or irritate
  • aggravating - making worse
  • aggregation - the act of gathering something together; several things grouped together or considered as a whole
  • aggressive - having or showing determination and energetic pursuit of your ends; characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight: tending to spread quickly
  • agitated - troubled emotionally and usually deeply; physically disturbed or set in motion; thrown from side to side
  • agnosia - inability to recognize objects by use of the senses
  • ago - gone by; or in the past; in the past
  • agony - intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain: a state of acute pain
  • agoraphobia - a morbid fear of open spaces (as fear of being caught alone in some public place)
  • agoraphobic - suffering from agoraphobia; abnormally afraid of open or public places
  • agranulocytosis - an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes
  • agraphia - a loss of the ability to write or to express thoughts in writing because of a brain lesion
  • agreed - united by being of the same opinion
  • aided - having help; often used as a combining form
  • aids - a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • ailment - an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining
  • ailurophobia - a morbid fear of cats
  • airborne - moved or conveyed by or through air
  • aircraft - a vehicle that can fly
  • airsick - experiencing motion sickness
  • airsickness - motion sickness experienced while traveling by air (especially during turbulence)
  • akinesia - motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
  • alalia - paralysis of the vocal cords resulting in an inability to speak
  • alanine - a crystalline amino acid that occurs in many proteins
  • albee - United States dramatist (1928-)
  • albert - prince consort of Queen Victoria of England (1819-1861)
  • albinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
  • albino - a person with congenital albinism: white hair and milky skin; eyes are usually pink
  • albuginea - whitish tunic
  • albumin - a simple water-soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids
  • albuminuria - the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder
  • alcohol - a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent: any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • alcoholic - addicted to alcohol; characteristic of or containing alcohol; a person who drinks alcohol to excess habitually
  • aldosterone - a corticosteroid hormone that is secreted by the cortex of the adrenal gland; regulates salt (sodium and potassium) and water balance
  • aldosteronism - a condition caused by overproduction of aldosterone
  • alexia - inability to perceive written words
  • alfred - king of Wessex; defeated the Danes and encouraged writing in English (849-899)
  • algid - chilly
  • algophobia - a morbid fear of pain
  • alimentary - of or providing nourishment
  • alimentation - the act of supplying food and nourishment; a source of materials to nourish the body
  • aliquot - signifying an exact divisor or factor of a quantity; an integer that is an exact divisor of some quantity
  • alkaline - relating to or containing an alkali; having a pH greater than 7
  • alkalinity - pH values above 7
  • alkaloid - natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
  • alkalosis - abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • alkaptonuria - a rare recessive metabolic anomaly marked by ochronosis and the presence of alkapton in the urine
  • allantois - vascular fetal membrane that develops from the hindgut in embryonic higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  • allele - either of a pair (or series) of alternative forms of a gene that can occupy the same locus on a particular chromosome and that control the same character
  • allergen - any substance that can cause an allergy
  • allergenic - relating to or having the effect of an allergen
  • allergic - having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor); characterized by or caused by allergy
  • allergist - a physician skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies
  • allergy - hypersensitivity reaction to a particular allergen; symptoms can vary greatly in intensity
  • alleviate - provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier
  • allopathy - the usual method of treating disease with remedies that produce effects differing from those produced by the disease itself
  • allopurinol - a drug (trade name Zyloprim) used to treat gout and other conditions in which there is an excessive buildup of uric acid
  • almost - (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished
  • alphabet - a character set that includes letters and is used to write a language; the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural)
  • already - prior to a specified or implied time
  • also - in addition
  • alt - angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
  • altering - the sterilization of an animal
  • alternately - in an alternating sequence or position
  • alternating - (of a current) reversing direction; occurring by turns; first one and then the other
  • alternatively - in place of, or as an alternative to
  • aluminium - a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • aluminum - a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • alveolar - pertaining to the tiny air sacs of the lungs; pertaining to the alveolar ridge; a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • alveolus - a tiny sac for holding air in the lungs; formed by the terminal dilation of tiny air passageways; a bony socket in the alveolar ridge that holds a tooth
  • amateur - engaged in as a pastime; lacking professional skill or expertise; someone who pursues a study or sport as a pastime: does not play for pay
  • amaurosis - partial or total loss of sight without pathology of the eye; caused by disease of optic nerve or retina or brain
  • amaurotic - pertaining to blindness caused by amaurosis
  • amblyopia - visual impairment without apparent organic pathology
  • amblyopic - pertaining to a kind of visual impairment without apparent organic pathology
  • ambulance - a vehicle that takes people to and from hospitals
  • ambulant - able to walk about
  • ambulation - walking about
  • ambulatory - relating to or adapted for walking; able to walk about: a covered walkway (as in a cloister)
  • ameba - naked freshwater or marine or parasitic protozoa that form temporary pseudopods for feeding and locomotion
  • amelia - congenital absence of an arm or leg
  • amelioration - the act of relieving ills and changing for the better
  • amenorrhoea - absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  • ametropia - (ophthalmology) faulty refraction of light rays in the eye as in astigmatism or myopia
  • amino - pertaining to or containing any of a group of organic compounds of nitrogen derived from ammonia; the radical -NH2
  • aminophylline - a theophylline derivative that is used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of bronchial asthma, emphysema, and bronchitis
  • aminotransferase - a class of transferases that catalyze transamination (that transfer an amino group from an amino acid to another compound)
  • amitosis - the direct method of cell division characterized by simple division of the nucleus without formation of chromosomes
  • amitriptyline - a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
  • ammonia - a pungent gas compounded of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3); a water solution of ammonia
  • ammonium - the ion NH4 derived from ammonia; behaves in many respects like an alkali metal ion
  • amnesia - partial or total loss of memory
  • amnio - (pregnancy) extraction by centesis of amniotic fluid from a pregnant woman (after the 15th week of pregnancy) to aid in the diagnosis of fetal abnormalities
  • amnion - thin innermost membranous sac enclosing the developing embryo of higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  • amniotic - of or related to the amnion or characterized by developing an amnion
  • amoeba - naked freshwater or marine or parasitic protozoa that form temporary pseudopods for feeding and locomotion
  • amoebiasis - infection by a disease-causing ameba
  • amoebic - pertaining to or resembling amoebae
  • amorphous - without real or apparent crystalline form; lacking the system or structure characteristic of living bodies; having no definite form or distinct shape
  • amos - an Old Testament book telling Amos's prophecies; a Hebrew shepherd and minor prophet
  • amoxil - an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • amphetamine - a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
  • amphotericin - an antibiotic and antifungal agent
  • ampicillin - semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK-Ampicillin)
  • amplifier - electronic equipment that increases strength of signals passing through it
  • amplify - increase the volume of; exaggerate or make bigger: increase in size, volume or significance; to enlarge beyond bounds or the truth
  • ampoule - a small bottle that contains a drug (especially a sealed sterile container for injection by needle)
  • ampule - a small bottle that contains a drug (especially a sealed sterile container for injection by needle)
  • ampulla - a flask that has two handles; used by Romans for wines or oils; the dilated portion of a canal or duct especially of the semicircular canals of the ear
  • amputate - remove surgically
  • amputation - a surgical removal of all or part of a limb; a condition of disability resulting from the loss of one or more limbs
  • amputee - someone who has had a limb removed by amputation
  • amusing - arousing or provoking laughter; providing enjoyment; pleasantly entertaining
  • amygdaloid - shaped like an almond; volcanic rock in which rounded cavities formed by expanding gas have subsequently become filled with mineral deposits
  • amyl - a hydrocarbon radical that occurs in many organic compounds
  • amylase - any of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants; help convert starch to sugar
  • amyotonia - lack of normal muscular tension or tonus
  • amyotrophia - progressive wasting of muscle tissues
  • amyotrophy - progressive wasting of muscle tissues
  • an - an associate degree in nursing
  • ana - a collection of anecdotes about a person or place; mother of the ancient Irish gods; sometimes identified with Danu
  • anabolic - characterized by or promoting constructive metabolism: of or related to the synthetic phase of metabolism
  • anabolism - the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
  • anaemia - a deficiency of red blood cells; a lack of vitality
  • anaemic - lacking vigor or energy; relating to anemia or suffering from anemia
  • anaerobe - an organism (especially a bacterium) that does not require air or free oxygen to live
  • anaerobic - living or active in the absence of free oxygen; not aerobic
  • anaesthesia - loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
  • anaesthesia - loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
  • anaesthetic - characterized by insensibility; a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations
  • anaesthetise - make unconscious by means of anesthetic drugs
  • anaesthetised - rendered insensible by means of anesthesia
  • anaesthetist - a specialist who administers an anesthetic to a patient before he is treated
  • anaesthetize - make unconscious by means of anesthetic drugs
  • analeptic - stimulating the central nervous system; a medication used as a stimulant to the central nervous system
  • analgesia - absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness
  • analgesic - capable of relieving pain; a medicine used to relieve pain
  • analyser - an instrument that performs analyses
  • analyzer - an instrument that performs analyses
  • anamnesis - the ability to recall past occurrences; the case history of a medical patient as recalled by the patient
  • anamnestic - of or relating to anamnesis; aiding the memory
  • anaphase - the stage of meiosis or mitosis when chromosomes move toward opposite ends of the nuclear spindle
  • anaphylactic - related to the hypersensitivity known as anaphylaxis
  • anaphylaxis - hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance
  • anaplasia - loss of structural differentiation within a cell or group of cells often with increased capacity for multiplication, as in a malignant tumor
  • anaplastic - of or relating to anaplasia
  • anarthria - partial or total loss of articulate speech resulting from lesions of the central nervous system
  • anasarca - generalized edema with accumulation of serum in subcutaneous connective tissue
  • anastomose - cause to join or open into each other by anastomosis; come together or open into each other
  • anastomosis - a natural or surgical joining of parts or branches of tubular structures so as to make or become continuous
  • anatomist - an expert in anatomy
  • anatomy - a detailed analysis; the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals; alternative names for the body of a human being
  • ancillary - furnishing added support
  • androgen - male sex hormone that is produced in the testes and responsible for typical male sexual characteristics
  • androgenic - of or related to the male hormone androgen
  • androgynous - having both male and female characteristics: relating to or exhibiting both female and male sex organs but with a predominantly female appearance
  • androsterone - an androgenic hormone that is less active than testosterone
  • anemia - genus of terrestrial or lithophytic ferns having pinnatifid fronds; chiefly of tropical America; a deficiency of red blood cells; a lack of vitality
  • anemic - lacking vigor or energy; relating to anemia or suffering from anemia
  • anencephalous - characterized by partial or total absence of a brain
  • anencephaly - a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
  • anergy - inactivity and lack of energy; reduction or lack of an immune response to a specific antigen
  • anesthesia - loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
  • aneurysm - a cardiovascular disease characterized by a saclike widening of an artery resulting from weakening of the artery wall
  • aneurysm - a cardiovascular disease characterized by a saclike widening of an artery resulting from weakening of the artery wall
  • angiitis - inflammation of a blood vessel or lymph duct
  • anginal - of or related to the pain of angina pectoris
  • angiocardiogram - a series of X rays representing the action of the heart and its blood vessels after the injection of a radiopaque substance
  • angiogenesis - the formation of new blood vessels
  • angiogram - an X-ray representation of blood vessels made after the injection of a radiopaque substance
  • angiography - roentgenographic examination of blood vessels after injection of a radiopaque contrast medium; produces an angiogram
  • angiology - the branch of medical science that studies the blood and lymph vessels and their disorders
  • angioma - a tumor consisting of a mass of blood or lymphatic vessels
  • angiopathy - any disease of the blood vessels or lymph ducts
  • angioplasty - an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery
  • angioscope - a modified microscope used to study capillary vessels
  • angiotensin - any of several vasoconstrictor substances (trade name Hypertensin) that cause narrowing of blood vessels
  • angrily - with anger
  • angry - feeling or showing anger; (of the elements) as if showing violent anger; severely inflamed and painful
  • angular - having angles or an angular shape; measured by an angle or by the rate of change of an angle
  • anhedonia - an inability to experience pleasure
  • anhidrosis - failure of the sweat glands
  • anhydrous - without water; especially without water of crystallization
  • ani - black tropical American cuckoo
  • anisometropia - difference in the refractive power of the two eyes
  • ankle - a gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus
  • anklebone - the bone in the ankle that articulates with the leg bones to form the ankle joint
  • ankylose - undergo ankylosis; produce ankylosis by surgery
  • ankylosis - abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of a joint
  • annoy - cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations
  • annoyed - aroused to impatience or anger; troubled persistently especially with petty annoyances
  • annually - without missing a year; by the year; every year (usually with reference to a sum of money paid or received)
  • annular - shaped like a ring
  • annulus - (Fungi) remnant of the partial veil that in mature mushrooms surrounds the lower part of the stem; a toroidal shape
  • ano - a Palestinian international terrorist organization that split from the PLO in 1974; has conducted terrorist attacks in 20 countries
  • anodyne - capable of relieving pain; a medicine used to relieve pain
  • anomalous - deviating from the general or common order or type
  • anomie - lack of moral standards in a society; personal state of isolation and anxiety resulting from a lack of social control and regulation
  • anonymous - having no known name or identity or known source: not known or lacking marked individuality
  • anopheles - malaria mosquitoes; distinguished by the adult's head-downward stance and absence of breathing tubes in the larvae
  • anorchism - absence of one of both testes
  • anorectal - pertaining to the anus and rectum considered together
  • anorectic - causing loss of appetite; suffering from anorexia nervosa; pathologically thin; a person suffering from anorexia nervosa
  • anorexia - a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
  • anorexic - suffering from anorexia nervosa; pathologically thin; a person suffering from anorexia nervosa
  • anosmia - absence of the sense of smell (as by damage to olfactory nasal tissue or the olfactory nerve or by obstruction of the nasal passages)
  • another - any of various alternatives; some other
  • anovulant - a contraceptive in the form of a pill containing estrogen and progestin to inhibit ovulation and so prevent conception
  • anovulation - the absence of ovulation due to immaturity or post-maturity or pregnancy or oral contraceptive pills or dysfunction of the ovary
  • anoxia - severe hypoxia; absence of oxygen in inspired gases or in arterial blood or in the tissues
  • anoxic - relating to or marked by a severe deficiency of oxygen in tissues or organs
  • antacid - acting to neutralize acid (especially in the stomach); an agent that counteracts or neutralizes acidity (especially in the stomach)
  • antagonist - a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug; a muscle that relaxes while another contracts: someone who offers opposition
  • ante - (poker) the initial contribution that each player makes to the pot; place one's stake
  • antemortem - preceding death
  • antenatal - occurring or existing before birth
  • antepartum - occurring or existing before birth
  • anterior - earlier in time; of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body; a tooth situated at the front of the mouth
  • anterograde - of amnesia; affecting time immediately following trauma
  • anthelmintic - capable of expelling or destroying parasitic worms; a medication capable of causing the evacuation of parasitic intestinal worms
  • anthracosis - lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust
  • anthropologist - a social scientist who specializes in anthropology
  • anthropometry - measurement and study of the human body and its parts and capacities
  • anti - not in favor of (an action or proposal etc.); a person who is opposed (to an action or policy or practice etc.)
  • antiarrhythmic - a drug used to treat an abnormal heart rhythm
  • antibacterial - destroying bacteria or inhibiting their growth; any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
  • antibiotic - of or relating to antibiotic drugs; a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections
  • anticholinergic - inhibiting or blocking the action of acetylcholine at a receptor site; a substance that opposes or blocks the action of acetylcholine
  • anticholinesterase - a medicine that inhibits cholinesterase by combining with it and so has a cholinergic effect
  • anticoagulant - medicine that prevents or retards the clotting of blood
  • anticonvulsant - a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
  • antidepressant - any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects
  • antidiabetic - a drug used to treat diabetes mellitus
  • antidiarrheal - a drug used to control or stop diarrhea
  • antidiuretic - a drug that limits the formation of urine
  • antidote - a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison
  • antiemetic - a drug that prevents or alleviates nausea and vomiting
  • antiepileptic - a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
  • antifungal - capable of destroying fungi; any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi
  • antigen - any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
  • antigenic - of or relating to antigens
  • antihistamine - a medicine used to treat allergies and hypersensitive reactions and colds; works by counteracting the effects of histamine on a receptor site
  • antihypertensive - a drug that reduces high blood pressure
  • antimalarial - a medicinal drug used to prevent or treat malaria
  • antimetabolite - an antineoplastic drug that inhibits the utilization of a metabolite
  • antimycotic - any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi
  • antioxidant - substance that inhibits oxidation or inhibits reactions promoted by oxygen or peroxides
  • antiperspirant - an astringent substance applied to the skin to reduce perspiration
  • antipruritic - a substance that relieves or prevents itching
  • antipsychotic - tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
  • antipyretic - preventing or alleviating fever; any medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever
  • antisepsis - the process of inhibiting the growth and multiplication of microorganisms; (of non-living objects) the state of being free of pathogenic organisms
  • antiserum - blood serum containing antibodies against specific antigens; provides immunity to a disease
  • antisocial - hostile to or disruptive of normal standards of social behavior; shunning contact with others
  • antispasmodic - a drug used to relieve or prevent spasms (especially of the smooth muscles)
  • antitoxic - counteracting a toxin or poison
  • antitoxin - an antibody that can neutralize a specific toxin
  • antitussive - any medicine used to suppress or relieve coughing
  • antivenene - an antitoxin that counteracts the effects of venom from the bite of a snake or insect or other animal
  • antivenin - an antitoxin that counteracts the effects of venom from the bite of a snake or insect or other animal
  • antiviral - inhibiting or stopping the growth and reproduction of viruses; any drug that destroys viruses
  • antrum - a natural cavity or hollow in a bone
  • anuria - inability to urinate
  • anus - excretory opening at the end of the alimentary canal
  • anvil - a heavy block of iron or steel on which hot metals are shaped by hammering; the ossicle between the malleus and the stapes
  • anxiolytic - anxiety relieving; a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety and reduce tension and irritability
  • anxious - eagerly desirous; causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  • any - one or some or every or all without specification; to any degree or extent
  • anything - a thing of any kind
  • aorta - the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries
  • aortic - of or relating to the aorta
  • aortitis - inflammation of the aorta
  • apathetic - marked by a lack of interest; showing little or no emotion or animation
  • apathy - the trait of lacking enthusiasm for or interest in things generally; an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
  • aperient - mildly laxative; a purging medicine; stimulates evacuation of the bowels
  • aperture - an man-made opening; usually small; a device that controls amount of light admitted; a natural opening in something
  • apex - the point on the celestial sphere toward which the sun and solar system appear to be moving relative to the fixed stars; the highest point (of something)
  • aphagia - loss of the ability to swallow
  • aphakia - absence of the natural lens of the eye (usually resulting from the removal of cataracts)
  • aphakic - of or relating to or afflicted with aphakia; someone afflicted by aphakia; someone lacking the natural lenses of the eyes
  • aphasia - inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
  • aphonia - a disorder of the vocal organs that results in the loss of voice
  • aphrodisiac - exciting sexual desire; a drug or other agent that stimulates sexual desire
  • apical - situated at an apex
  • aplasia - failure of some tissue or organ to develop
  • apnea - transient cessation of respiration
  • apneic - of or relating to apnea
  • apnoeic - of or relating to apnea
  • apocrine - (of exocrine glands) producing a secretion in which part of the secreting cell is released with the secretion
  • apomorphine - a morphine derivative that is not as strong as morphine; used as an emetic and in small doses as a sedative
  • aponeurosis - any of the deeper and thicker fascia that attach muscles to bones; resemble flattened tendons
  • apophyseal - of or relating to an apophysis
  • apoplexy - a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
  • apparatus - equipment designed to serve a specific function: (anatomy) a group of body parts that work together to perform a given function
  • apparent - clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment: appearing as such but not necessarily so
  • apparently - from appearances alone; unmistakably (`plain' is often used informally for `plainly')
  • appearing - formal attendance (in court or at a hearing) of a party in an action
  • appendectomy - surgical removal of the vermiform appendix
  • appendicectomy - surgical removal of the vermiform appendix
  • appendicitis - inflammation of the vermiform appendix
  • appendicular - relating to or consisting of an appendage or appendages; especially the limbs
  • apperception - the process whereby perceived qualities of an object are related to past experience
  • appetite - a feeling of craving something
  • appliance - durable goods for home or office use; a device or control that is very useful for a particular job
  • applicator - a device for applying a substance
  • applied - concerned with concrete problems or data rather than with fundamental principles; opposed to theoretical; put into practice or put to use; that are used
  • appraisal - the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth; a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation)
  • appropriateness - the quality of being specially suitable: appropriate conduct; doing the right thing
  • approve - judge to be right or commendable; think well of; give sanction to
  • approved - generally or especially officially judged acceptable or satisfactory; established by authority; given authoritative approval
  • approximately - (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct
  • apraxia - inability to make purposeful movements
  • april - the month following March and preceding May
  • aqua - a shade of blue tinged with green
  • aqueduct - a conduit that resembles a bridge but carries water over a valley
  • aqueous - produced by the action of water; similar to or containing or dissolved in water
  • arbor - a framework that supports climbing plants; tree (as opposed to shrub); any of various rotating shafts that serve as axes for larger rotating parts
  • arc - a continuous portion of a circle; electrical conduction through a gas in an applied electric field; something curved in shape; form an arch or curve
  • arched - constructed with or in the form of an arch or arches: forming or resembling an arch
  • arcuate - forming or resembling an arch
  • arcus - an whitish deposit in the shape of an arc that is sometimes seen in the cornea
  • are - a unit of surface area equal to 100 square meters
  • areolar - relating to or like or divided into areolae
  • arginine - a bitter tasting amino acid found in proteins and necessary for nutrition; its absence from the diet leads to a reduced production of spermatozoa
  • argon - a colorless and odorless inert gas; one of the six inert gases; comprises approximately 1% of the earth's atmosphere
  • armpit - the hollow under the arm where it is joined to the shoulder
  • arms - the official symbols of a family, state, etc.; weapons considered collectively
  • aromatic - having a strong pleasant odor; (chemistry) of or relating to or containing one or more benzene rings
  • arousal - the act of arousing; awakening from sleep; a state of heightened physiological activity; mutual sexual fondling prior to sexual intercourse
  • arranged - deliberately arranged for effect; planned in advance: disposed or placed in a particular kind of order
  • arranging - the act of arranging and adapting a piece of music
  • arrested - having development checked or reversed
  • arrhythmia - an abnormal rate of muscle contractions in the heart
  • arrhythmic - without regard for rhythm; not having a steady rhythm
  • arrival - accomplishment of an objective; the act of arriving at a certain place; someone who arrives (or has arrived)
  • arrive - reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress: succeed in a big way; get to the top
  • artefact - a man-made object taken as a whole
  • arterial - of or involving or contained in the arteries
  • arteriogram - an X ray of an artery filled with a contrast medium
  • arteriography - roentgenographic examination of arteries
  • arteriole - one of the small thin-walled arteries that end in capillaries
  • arteriosclerosis - sclerosis of the arterial walls
  • arteriovenous - connecting an artery to a vein
  • arteritis - inflammation of an artery
  • artery - a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic; a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  • artery - a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic; a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  • arthralgia - pain in a joint or joints
  • arthritic - of or pertaining to arthritis; a person afflicted with arthritis
  • arthritis - inflammation of a joint or joints
  • arthritis - inflammation of a joint or joints
  • arthrodesis - the surgical fixation of a joint which is intended to result in bone fusion
  • arthrogram - an X ray of a joint after the injection of a contrast medium
  • arthrography - roentgenographic examination of a joint after injection of radiopaque contrast medium; produces an arthrogram
  • arthropathy - a pathology or abnormality of a joint
  • arthroplasty - surgical reconstruction or replacement of a malformed or degenerated joint
  • arthroscope - a type of endoscope that is inserted into a joint for visual examination
  • articular - relating to or affecting the joints of the body
  • articulated - pronounced distinctly and clearly; consisting of segments held together by joints
  • artificial - artificially formal; contrived by art rather than nature; not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes
  • artificially - not according to nature; not by natural means
  • arytenoid - either of two small cartilages at the back of the larynx to which the vocal folds are attached
  • asbestos - a fibrous amphibole; used for making fireproof articles; inhaling fibers can cause asbestosis or lung cancer
  • asbestosis - lung disease caused by inhaling asbestos particles
  • ascariasis - infestation of the human intestine with Ascaris roundworms
  • ascaris - type genus of the family Ascaridae: roundworms with a three-lipped mouth
  • ascending - moving or going or growing upward; the act of changing location in an upward direction
  • ascites - accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
  • asepsis - (of non-living objects) the state of being free of pathogenic organisms; the process of inhibiting the growth and multiplication of microorganisms
  • aseptic - free of or using methods to keep free of pathological microorganisms
  • asexual - not having or involving sex
  • asking - relating to the use of or having the nature of an interrogation; the verbal act of requesting
  • asleep - dead; in a state of sleep; lacking sensation; into a sleeping state; in the sleep of death
  • asparagine - a crystalline amino acid found in proteins and in many plants (e.g., asparagus)
  • aspartame - an artificial sweetener made from aspartic acid; used as a calorie-free sweetener
  • aspergillus - genus of common molds causing food spoilage and some pathogenic to plants and animals
  • asphyxiate - be asphyxiated; die from lack of oxygen; impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of; deprive of oxygen and prevent from breathing
  • asphyxiated - in a state of asphyxia
  • asphyxiation - killing by depriving of oxygen; the condition of being deprived of oxygen (as by having breathing stopped)
  • aspirate - a consonant pronounced with aspiration; suck in (air): pronounce with aspiration; of stop sounds; remove as if by suction
  • aspirator - a pump that draws air or another gas through a liquid
  • assembled - formed by fitting or joining components together: brought together into a group or crowd
  • assigned - appointed to a post or duty
  • assigning - the act of distributing something to designated places or persons
  • assimilate - become similar to one's environment; make similar: become similar in sound; take (gas, light or heat) into a solution: take up mentally
  • assimilating - capable of taking (gas,light, or liquids into a solution)
  • assistance - the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; a resource
  • assistant - of or relating to a person who is subordinate to another: a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose
  • assisted - having help; often used as a combining form
  • associated - related to or accompanying; joined in some kind of relationship (as a colleague or ally or companion etc.)
  • assumed - accepted as real or true without proof; adopted in order to deceive; taken as your right without justification
  • asthenia - an abnormal loss of strength
  • asthenic - having a slender physique; lacking strength or vigor
  • asthenopia - a tiredness of the eyes caused by prolonged close work by a person with an uncorrected vision problem
  • asthma - respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • asthma - respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • asthmatic - relating to breathing with a whistling sound; a person suffering from asthma
  • astringent - tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue: sour or bitter in taste; a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals
  • astrocyte - comparatively large neuroglial cell
  • astronomer - a physicist who studies astronomy
  • asymmetric - characterized by asymmetry in the spatial arrangement or placement of parts or components
  • asymmetry - (mathematics) a lack of symmetry
  • asymptomatic - having no symptoms of illness or disease
  • asynclitism - the presentation during labor of the head of the fetus at an abnormal angle
  • asynergia - absence of coordination of organs or body parts that usually work together harmoniously
  • asynergy - absence of coordination of organs or body parts that usually work together harmoniously
  • at - 100 at equal 1 kip in Laos; a highly unstable radioactive element (the heaviest of the halogen series); a decay product of uranium and thorium
  • ataractic - tending to soothe or tranquilize; a drug used to reduce stress or tension without reducing mental clarity
  • ataraxia - peace of mind
  • ataraxic - tending to soothe or tranquilize
  • ataraxis - the absence of mental stress or anxiety
  • ataxia - inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
  • ataxic - lacking motor coordination; marked or caused by ataxia
  • ataxy - inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
  • atelectasis - collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants); also failure of pulmonary alveoli to expand at birth
  • atherogenesis - the formation of atheromas on the walls of the arteries as in atherosclerosis
  • atheroma - a fatty deposit in the intima (inner lining) of an artery; can obstruct blood flow
  • atheromatous - of or relating to or resembling atheroma
  • atherosclerosis - a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • atherosclerotic - of or relating to atherosclerosis
  • athetosis - a continuous succession of slow, writhing, involuntary movements of the hands and feet and other body parts
  • athletic - having a sturdy and well proportioned body; relating to or befitting athletics or athletes; vigorously active
  • atmospheric - relating to or located in the atmosphere
  • atom - (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything; (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
  • atomic - immeasurably small; of or relating to or comprising atoms: (weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy
  • atomiser - a dispenser that turns a liquid (such as perfume) into a fine mist
  • atonic - used of syllables; characterized by a lack of tonus
  • atony - lack of normal muscular tension or tonus
  • atopy - an allergic reaction that becomes apparent in a sensitized person only minutes after contact
  • atp - a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
  • atresia - an abnormal condition in which a normal opening or tube in the body (as the urethra) is closed or absent
  • atrial - of or relating to a cavity or chamber in the body (especially one of the upper chambers of the heart)
  • atrioventricular - relating to or affecting the atria and ventricles of the heart
  • atrophic - relating to or characterized by atrophy
  • atrophied - (of an organ or body part) diminished in size or strength as a result of disease or injury or lack of use
  • atrophy - any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use); a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse: undergo atrophy
  • attacking - disposed to attack
  • attain - reach a point in time, or a certain state or level; reach a destination, either real or abstract; find unexpectedly; to gain with effort
  • attempted - tried unsuccessfully
  • attenuation - the property of something that has been weakened or reduced in thickness or density; weakening in force or intensity
  • attributable - capable of being attributed
  • atypical - deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal; not representative of a group, class, or type
  • audible - heard or perceptible by the ear; a football play is changed orally after both teams have assumed their positions at the line of scrimmage
  • audio - the sound elements of television; an audible acoustic wave frequency; the audible part of a transmitted signal
  • audiogram - a graphical representation of a person's auditory sensitivity to sound
  • audiology - the measurement of hearing
  • audiometer - an instrument used to measure the sensitivity of hearing
  • audiometry - measuring sensitivity of hearing; the measurement of hearing
  • auditory - of or relating to the process of hearing
  • august - profoundly honored; of or befitting a lord; the month following July and preceding September
  • augusta - a city in eastern Georgia north-northwest of Savannah; noted for golf tournaments; the capital of the state of Maine
  • augustinian - a Roman Catholic friar or monk belonging to one of the Augustinian monastic orders
  • augustus - Roman statesman who established the Roman Empire and became emperor in 27 BC; defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra in 31 BC at Actium (63 BC - AD 14)
  • aural - relating to or characterized by an aura; of or pertaining to hearing or the ear
  • auricular - pertaining to an auricle of the heart; relating to or perceived by or shaped like the organ of hearing; of or relating to near the ear
  • auscultation - listening to sounds within the body (usually with a stethoscope)
  • auscultatory - of or relating to auscultation
  • austrian - of or relating to Austria or its people or culture; a native or inhabitant of Austria
  • author - someone who originates or causes or initiates something: writes (books or stories or articles or the like) professionally (for pay); be the author of
  • authorities - the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit
  • autism - (psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people
  • autistic - characteristic of or affected with autism
  • auto - a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine
  • autoantibody - an antibody acting against tissues of the organism that produces it
  • autogenic - originating within the body
  • autogenous - originating within the body
  • autograft - tissue that is taken from one site and grafted to another site on the same person
  • autoimmune - of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body
  • autoimmunity - production of antibodies against the tissues of your own body; produces autoimmune disease or hypersensitivity reactions
  • autologous - derived from organisms of the selfsame individual
  • autolysis - lysis of plant or animal tissue by an internal process
  • automatically - in a reflex manner; in a mechanical manner; by a mechanism
  • automatism - any reaction that occurs automatically without conscious thought or reflection (especially the undirected behavior seen in psychomotor epilepsy)
  • autonomic - relating to or controlled by the autonomic nervous system
  • autonomy - immunity from arbitrary exercise of authority: political independence; personal independence
  • autosomal - of or relating to an autosome
  • autosome - any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; appear in pairs in body cells but as single chromosomes in spermatozoa
  • auxiliary - functioning in a subsidiary or supporting capacity: furnishing added support; someone who acts as assistant
  • av - the eleventh month of the civil year; the fifth month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in July and August)
  • available - obtainable or accessible and ready for use or service: convenient for use or disposal; not busy; not otherwise committed
  • avascular - without blood vessels
  • aversion - the act of turning yourself (or your gaze) away; a feeling of intense dislike
  • aviation - the art of operating aircraft; the operation of aircraft to provide transportation; the aggregation of a country's military aircraft; travel via aircraft
  • avitaminosis - any of several diseases caused by deficiency of one or more vitamins
  • avulse - separate by avulsion
  • awakened - (somewhat formal) having been waked up; aroused or activated
  • aware - (sometimes followed by `of') having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization or perception; aware or knowing: bearing in mind; attentive to
  • awareness - having knowledge of; state of elementary or undifferentiated consciousness
  • awkwardly - in an awkward manner
  • axial - situated on or along or in the direction of an axis; of or relating to or resembling an axis of rotation; relating to or attached to the axis
  • axilla - the hollow under the arm where it is joined to the shoulder
  • axillary - of or relating to the armpit; of or relating to the axil
  • axolemma - outer membrane covering an axon
  • axon - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
  • azathioprine - an immunosuppressive drug (trade name Imuran) used to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ
  • azotaemia - accumulation in the blood of nitrogenous waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
  • azoturia - excess of urea in the urine
  • azt - an antiviral drug (trade name Retrovir) used in the treatment of AIDS; adverse side effects include liver damage and suppression of the bone marrow
  • azygous - occurring singly; not one of a pair
  • ba - a bachelor's degree in arts and sciences; a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali earth group; found in barite
  • bachelor - a man who has never been married; a knight of the lowest order; could display only a pennon; lead a bachelor's existence
  • bacillary - formed like a bacillus; relating to or produced by or containing bacilli
  • bacillus - aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil
  • backache - an ache localized in the back
  • backside - the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on; the side of an object that is opposite its front
  • backwards - at or to or toward the back or rear; in a manner or order or direction the reverse of normal
  • bacterial - relating to or caused by bacteria
  • bactericidal - preventing infection by inhibiting the growth or action of microorganisms
  • bactericide - any chemical agent that destroys bacteria; any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
  • bacteriological - of or relating to bacteriology
  • bacteriologist - a biologist who studies bacteria
  • bacteriology - the branch of medical science that studies bacteria in relation to disease
  • bacteriolysis - dissolution or destruction of bacteria
  • bacteriolytic - of or relating to or causing bacteriolysis
  • bacteriophage - a virus that is parasitic in bacteria
  • bacteriostasis - inhibition of the growth of bacteria
  • bacteriostatic - of or relating to or causing bacteriostasis
  • baghdad - capital and largest city of Iraq; located on the Tigris River
  • baker - someone who bakes bread or cake; someone who bakes commercially
  • balanced - total debits and credits are equal; being in a state of proper balance or equilibrium
  • balancing - getting two things to correspond
  • balanitis - inflammation of the head of the penis
  • balanoposthitis - inflammation of both the head of the penis and the foreskin
  • balanus - type genus of the family Balanidae
  • bald - lacking hair on all or most of the scalp; without the natural or usual covering; with no effort to conceal; grow bald; lose hair on one's head
  • baldness - the condition of having no hair on the top of the head
  • balloon - large tough nonrigid bag filled with gas or heated air; small thin inflatable rubber bag with narrow neck; become inflated; ride in a hot-air balloon
  • balsam - an ointment containing a fragrant resin; any seed plant yielding balsam; any of various fragrant oleoresins used in medicines and perfumes
  • baltimore - the largest city in Maryland; a major seaport and industrial center
  • bandaged - covered or wrapped with a bandage
  • bandaging - the act of applying a bandage
  • banned - forbidden by law
  • barbed - having or covered with protective barbs or quills or spines or thorns or setae etc.; capable of wounding
  • barbital - a barbiturate used as a hypnotic
  • barbitone - a barbiturate used as a hypnotic
  • barbiturate - organic compound having powerful soporific effect; overdose can be fatal
  • barium - a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali earth group; found in barite
  • baron - a very wealthy or powerful businessman; a British peer of the lowest rank; a nobleman (in various countries) of varying rank
  • baroreceptor - a sensory receptor that responds to pressure
  • bars - gymnastic apparatus consisting of two parallel wooden rods supported on uprights
  • bartholin - Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585-1629)
  • basilar - of or relating to or located at the base
  • basle - a city in northwestern Switzerland
  • basophil - a leukocyte with basophilic granules easily stained by basic stains
  • basophilia - the tendency of cells to stain with basic dyes
  • basophilic - staining readily with basic dyes
  • bathe - the act of swimming; cleanse the entire body; clean one's body by immersion into water; suffuse with or as if with light
  • bathing - immersing the body in water or sunshine; the act of washing yourself (or another person)
  • bathroom - a room (as in a residence) containing a bathtub or shower and usually a washbasin and toilet; a room or building equipped with one or more toilets
  • battered - exhibiting symptoms resulting from repeated physical and emotional injury; damaged by blows or hard usage; damaged especially by hard usage
  • battledore - an ancient racket game; a light long-handled racket used by badminton players
  • bauxite - a clay-like mineral; the chief ore of aluminum; composed of aluminum oxides and aluminum hydroxides; used as an abrasive and catalyst
  • bavarian - of or relating to or characteristic of Bavaria or its people: a native or an inhabitant of Bavaria
  • bayard - French soldier said to be fearless and chivalrous (1473-1524)
  • bd - a bachelor's degree in religion
  • beach - an area of sand sloping down to the water of a sea or lake: land on a beach
  • beak - horny projecting mouth of a bird; beaklike mouth of animals other than birds (e.g., turtles); informal terms for the nose; hit lightly with a picking motion
  • beaten - much trodden and worn smooth or bare; formed or made thin by hammering
  • beck - a beckoning gesture
  • become - enter or assume a certain state or condition; come into existence; undergo a change or development; enhance the appearance of
  • becoming - displaying or setting off to best advantage; according with custom or propriety
  • becquerel - French physicist who discovered that rays emitted by uranium salts affect photographic plates (1852-1908)
  • bedbug - bug of temperate regions that infests especially beds and feeds on human blood
  • bedclothes - coverings that are used on a bed
  • bedding - coverings that are used on a bed; material used to provide a bed for animals
  • bedpan - a shallow vessel used by a bedridden patient for defecation and urination
  • bedridden - confined to bed (by illness)
  • bedside - space by the side of a bed (especially the bed of a sick or dying person)
  • bedsore - a chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it (as in bedridden patients)
  • bee - any of numerous hairy-bodied insects including social and solitary species; a social gathering to carry out some communal task or to hold competitions
  • beer - a general name for alcoholic beverages made by fermenting a cereal (or mixture of cereals) flavored with hops
  • beet - round red root vegetable; biennial Eurasian plant usually having a swollen edible root; widely cultivated as a food crop
  • before - earlier in time; previously; at or in the front
  • before - earlier in time; previously; at or in the front
  • behave - behave in a certain manner; behave well or properly: behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself
  • behavioral - of or relating to behavior
  • behavioural - of or relating to behavior
  • behaviourism - an approach to psychology that emphasizes observable measurable behavior
  • behaviourist - of or relating to behaviorism; a psychologist who subscribes to behaviorism
  • being - the state or fact of existing; a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
  • being - the state or fact of existing; a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
  • belch - a reflex that expels wind noisily from the stomach through the mouth; expel gas from the stomach; become active and spew forth lava and rocks
  • belching - the forceful expulsion of something from inside; a reflex that expels wind noisily from the stomach through the mouth
  • belie - represent falsely; be in contradiction with
  • belief - any cognitive content held as true; a vague idea in which some confidence is placed
  • belle - a young woman who is the most charming and beautiful of several rivals
  • bellyache - an ache localized in the stomach or abdominal region: complain
  • belong - be owned by; be in the possession of; be classified with: be suitable or acceptable; be in the right place or situation; originate (in)
  • belonging - happiness felt in a secure relationship
  • below - at a later place; in or to a place that is lower; (in writing) see below; on a floor below; further down
  • ben - a mountain or tall hill
  • bending - not remaining rigid or straight; the act of bending something; movement that causes the formation of a curve; the property of being bent or deflected
  • bends - pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
  • bends - pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
  • beneath - in or to a place that is lower
  • beneficial - promoting or enhancing well-being; tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health
  • bennett - United States aviator who (with Richard E. Byrd) piloted the first flight over the North Pole (1890-1928)
  • benzene - a colorless liquid hydrocarbon; highly inflammable; carcinogenic; the simplest of the aromatic compounds
  • benzoate - any salt or ester of benzoic acid
  • benzocaine - a white crystalline ester used as a local anesthetic
  • benzodiazepine - any of several similar lipophilic amines used as tranquilizers or sedatives or hypnotics or muscle relaxants; chronic use can lead to dependency
  • benzyl - the univalent radical derived from toluene
  • benzylpenicillin - the penicillin that constitutes the principal component of many commercial antibiotics
  • bereavement - state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one
  • beriberi - avitaminosis caused by lack of thiamine (vitamin B1)
  • bern - the capital of Switzerland; located in western Switzerland
  • bernard - French physiologist noted for research on secretions of the alimentary canal and the glycogenic function of the liver (1813-1878)
  • beryllium - a light strong brittle grey toxic bivalent metallic element
  • bet - the act of gambling; the money risked on a gamble; maintain with or as if with a bet; stake on the outcome of an issue; have faith or confidence in
  • beta - preliminary or testing stage of a software or hardware product; second in order of importance; the 2nd letter of the Greek alphabet; beets
  • between - in between; in the interval
  • beyond - in addition; farther along in space or time or degree; on the farther side from the observer
  • bi - a heavy brittle diamagnetic trivalent metallic element (resembles arsenic and antimony chemically); usually recovered as a by-product from ores of other metals
  • bicarbonate - a salt of carbonic acid (containing the anion HCO3) in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced; an acid carbonate
  • biceps - any skeletal muscle having two origins (but especially the muscle that flexes the forearm)
  • bicipital - having two heads or points of origin as a biceps
  • biconcave - concave on both sides
  • biconvex - convex on both sides; shaped like a lentil
  • bicornuate - having two horns or horn-shaped parts
  • bicuspid - having two cusps or points (especially a molar tooth); a tooth having two cusps or points; located between the incisors and the molars
  • bifid - divided into two lobes
  • bifocal - having two foci
  • bifocals - eyeglasses having two focal lengths
  • bifurcate - resembling a fork; divided or separated into two branches; divide into two branches; split or divide into two
  • bifurcation - the act of splitting into two branches; the place where something divides into two branches; a bifurcating branch (one or both of them)
  • bigger - large or big relative to something else
  • bilateral - having two sides or parts; affecting or undertaken by two parties; having identical parts on each side of an axis
  • bile - a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
  • biliary - relating to the bile ducts or the gallbladder; relating to or containing bile
  • bilious - suffering from or suggesting a liver disorder or gastric distress; relating to or containing bile; irritable as if suffering from indigestion
  • biliousness - gastric distress caused by a disorder of the liver or gall bladder; a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger
  • billings - the largest city in Montana; located in southern Montana on the Yellowstone river
  • bilobate - having two lobes
  • bimanual - requiring two hands or designed for two people
  • binaural - relating to or having or hearing with two ears
  • binet - French psychologist remembered for his studies of the intellectual development of children (1857-1911)
  • binocular - relating to both eyes
  • biochemical - of or relating to biochemistry; involving chemical processes in living organisms
  • biochemist - someone with special training in biochemistry
  • biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occuring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
  • biodegradable - capable of being decomposed by e.g. bacteria
  • bioengineering - the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments
  • bioethics - the branch of ethics that studies moral values in the biomedical sciences
  • biogenesis - the production of living organisms from other living organisms; production of a chemical compound by a living organism
  • biological - of parents and children; related by blood; pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • biologically - with respect to biology
  • biologist - (biology) a scientist who studies living organisms
  • biomedical - relating to the activities and applications of science to clinical medicine
  • biometry - a branch of biology that studies biological phenomena and observations by means of statistical analysis
  • bionic - having particular physiological functions augmented or replaced by electronic or electromechanical components; of or relating to bionics
  • bionics - application of biological principals to the study and design of engineering systems (especially electronic systems)
  • biopsy - examination of tissues or liquids from the living body to determine the existence or cause of a disease
  • biostatistics - a branch of biology that studies biological phenomena and observations by means of statistical analysis
  • biotin - a B vitamin that aids in body growth
  • biparous - producing two offspring at a time
  • bipolar - having two poles; of, pertaining to, or occurring in both polar regions; of or relating to manic depressive illness
  • birthday - an anniversary of the day on which a person was born (or the celebration of it); the date on which a person was born
  • birthing - the process of giving birth
  • birthmark - a blemish on the skin that is formed before birth
  • bisexual - sexually attracted to both sexes; having an ambiguous sexual identity; a person who is sexually attracted to both sexes
  • bisexuality - sexual activity with both men and women; showing characteristics of both sexes
  • biting - causing a sharply painful or stinging sensation; used especially of cold; capable of wounding
  • bk - a radioactive transuranic element; discovered by bombarding americium with helium
  • blackhead - a black-tipped plug clogging a pore of the skin
  • blackwater - any of several human or animal diseases characterized by dark urine resulting from rapid breakdown of red blood cells
  • bladder - a bag that fills with air; a distensible membranous sac (usually containing liquid or gas)
  • blanch - cook (vegetables) briefly; turn pale, as if in fear
  • bland - lacking stimulating characteristics; uninteresting; lacking taste or flavor or tang; smoothly agreeable and courteous with a degree of sophistication
  • blastocele - the fluid-filled cavity inside a blastula
  • blastocoele - the fluid-filled cavity inside a blastula
  • blastocyst - the blastula of mammals
  • blastomyces - genus of pathogenic yeastlike fungi
  • blastomycosis - any of several infections of the skin or mucous membrane caused by Blastomyces
  • bleb - (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid
  • bleed - draw blood; drain of liquid or steam; get or extort (money or other possessions) from someone; lose blood from one's body; be diffused
  • bleeder - someone who has hemophilia and is subject to uncontrollable bleeding
  • bleeding - flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
  • blepharitis - inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
  • blepharospasm - spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
  • blinded - deprived of sight
  • blindness - the state of being blind or lacking sight
  • blink - a reflex that closes and opens the eyes rapidly; briefly shut the eyes; force to go away by blinking; gleam or glow intermittently
  • blister - (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid: get blistered; cause blisters to from on; subject to harsh criticism
  • blistered - (of skin) having blisters (swellings containing watery fluid) caused by burning or irritation
  • bloated - abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas
  • blockage - the act of blocking; an obstruction in a pipe or tube; the state or condition of being obstructed
  • blocked - completely obstructed or closed off; closed to traffic
  • blocking - the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements
  • bloodshot - (of an eye) reddened as a result of locally congested blood vessels; inflamed
  • bloodstained - covered with blood
  • bloodstream - the blood flowing through the circulatory system
  • bloody - having or covered with or accompanied by blood; (used of persons) informal intensifiers; extremely; cover with blood
  • bloomsbury - a city district of central London laid out in garden squares
  • blot - an act that brings discredit to the person who does it; a blemish made by dirt; dry (ink) with blotting paper; make a spot or mark onto
  • blotch - an irregularly shaped spot; mark with spots or blotches of different color or shades of color as if stained
  • blowing - processing that involves blowing a gas
  • blueness - blue color or pigment; resembling the color of the clear sky in the daytime
  • blurred - unclear in form or expression; indistinct or hazy in outline
  • bm - a euphemism for defecation; solid excretory product evacuated from the bowels
  • bmr - the rate at which heat is produced by an individual in a resting state
  • boards - the boarding that surrounds an ice hockey rink; the stage of a theater
  • boat - a small vessel for travel on water; a dish (often boat-shaped) for serving gravy or sauce; ride in a boat on water
  • boiled - cooked in hot water
  • boiling - extremely; cooking in a liquid that has been brought to a boil; the application of heat to change something from a liquid to a gas
  • bologna - large smooth-textured smoked sausage of beef and veal and pork; the capital of Emilia-Romagna; located in northern Italy east of the Apennines
  • bolus - a large pill; used especially in veterinary medicine; a small round soft mass (as of chewed food)
  • bonded - secured by written agreement
  • bonesetter - someone (not necessarily a licensed physician) who sets broken bones
  • bonn - a city in western Germany on the Rhine River; was the capital of West Germany between 1949 and 1989
  • bonney - United States outlaw who was said to have killed 21 men (1859-1881)
  • bony - having bones especially many or prominent bones; very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold; composed of or containing bone
  • boracic - of or relating to or derived from or containing boron
  • borax - an ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent
  • borderline - of questionable or minimal quality; a line that indicates a boundary
  • boredom - the feeling of being bored by something tedious
  • boric - of or relating to or derived from or containing boron
  • borrelia - cause of e.g. European and African relapsing fever
  • boston - state capital and largest city of Massachusetts; a major center for banking and financial services
  • botany - the branch of biology that studies plants; all the plant life in a particular region or period
  • both - (used with count nouns) two considered together; the two
  • botulinum - anaerobic bacterium producing botulin the toxin that causes botulism
  • botulism - food poisoning from ingesting botulin; not infectious; affects the CNS; can be fatal if not treated promptly
  • bovine - dull and slow-moving and stolid; like an ox; of or relating to or belonging to the genus Bos (cattle); any of various members of the genus Bos
  • bowel - the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • bowels - the center of the Earth
  • bowman - a person who is expert in the use of a bow and arrow
  • boxing - fighting with the fists; the enclosure of something in a package or box
  • boy - (ethnic slur) offensive and disparaging term for Black man; a friendly informal reference to a grown man; a youthful male person: a male human offspring
  • bph - enlarged prostate; appears to be part of the natural aging process
  • bra - an undergarment worn by women to support their breasts
  • bracelet - jewelry worn around the wrist for decoration; a band of cloth or leather or metal links attached to a wristwatch and wrapped around the wrist
  • braces - an appliance that corrects dental irregularities
  • brachial - of or relating to an arm
  • brachium - (biology) a branching or armlike part of an animal
  • brachycephaly - the quality of being brachycephalic
  • bradford - United States printer (born in England) whose press produced the first American prayer book and the New York City's first newspaper (1663-1752)
  • bradycardia - abnormally slow heartbeat
  • brainstem - the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
  • bran - food prepared from the husks of cereal grains; broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
  • branched - having branches; resembling a fork; divided or separated into two branches
  • branchia - respiratory organ of aquatic animals that breathe oxygen dissolved in water
  • branchial - of or relating to gills (or to parts of the body derived from embryonic gills)
  • branching - resembling the branches of a tree; having branches: the act of branching out or dividing into branches
  • brazilian - of or relating to or characteristic of Brazil or the people of Brazil; a native or inhabitant of Brazil
  • bread - food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked; informal terms for money; cover with bread crumbs
  • breaker - a quarry worker who splits off blocks of stone; a device that trips like a switch and opens the circuit when overloaded; waves breaking on the shore
  • breakfast - the first meal of the day (usually in the morning); eat an early morning meal; provide breakfast for
  • breaking - (of waves) curling over and crashing into surf or spray: the act of breaking something
  • breastbone - the flat bone that articulates with the clavicles and the first seven pairs of ribs
  • breathed - uttered without voice
  • breathlessness - a dyspneic condition
  • breech - opening in the rear of the barrel of a gun where bullets can be loaded
  • bregma - the craniometric point at the junction of the sagittal and coronal sutures at the top of the cranium
  • breslau - a city in southwestern Poland on the Oder
  • brest - a port city in northwestern France (in Brittany); the chief naval station of France
  • breuer - United States architect (born in Hungary) who was associated with the Bauhaus in the 1920's (1902-1981)
  • bridges - United States labor leader who organized the longshoremen (1901-1990)
  • briefly - for a short time; in a concise manner; in a few words
  • brigade - army unit smaller than a division; form or unite into a brigade
  • brightly - with brightness
  • brim - a circular projection that sticks outward from the crown of a hat; the top edge of a vessel or other container; fill as much as possible; be completely full
  • bringing - the act of delivering or distributing something (as goods or mail)
  • bristol - an industrial city and port in southwestern England near the mouth of the River Avon
  • britain - a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland
  • british - of or relating to or characteristic of Great Britain or its people or culture; the people of Great Britain
  • brittleness - firm but easily broken
  • brno - an industrial city in Moravia in Czech Republic southeast of Prague
  • broke - lacking funds
  • bromide - any of the salts of hydrobromic acid; formerly used as a sedative but now generally replaced by safer drugs; a trite or obvious remark
  • bromine - a nonmetallic largely pentavalent heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogens; found in sea water
  • bronchial - relating to or associated with the bronchi
  • bronchiolar - of or relating to or involving bronchioles
  • bronchiole - any of the smallest bronchial ducts; ending in alveoli
  • bronchiolitis - inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchioles
  • bronchitic - suffering from or prone to bronchitis
  • bronchitis - inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
  • broncho - an unbroken or imperfectly broken mustang
  • bronchodilator - a drug that relaxes and dilates the bronchial passageways and improves the passages of air into the lungs
  • bronchopneumonia - pneumonia characterized by acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles
  • bronchoscope - a slender tubular instrument used to examine the bronchial tubes
  • bronchospasm - a spasm of the bronchi that makes exhalation difficult and noisy; associated with asthma and bronchitis
  • bronchus - either of the two main branches of the trachea
  • brow - the part of the face above the eyes; the arch of hair above each eye; the peak of a hill
  • browne - United States writer of humorous tales of an itinerant showman (1834-1867); English illustrator of several of Dickens' novels (1815-1882)
  • brownish - of a color similar to that of wood or earth
  • brucella - an aerobic Gram-negative coccobacillus that causes brucellosis; can be used as a bioweapon
  • bruised - injured without breaking the skin
  • bruising - brutally forceful and compelling; causing mental or emotional injury
  • bruit - tell or spread rumors
  • bruxism - involuntarily or unconsciously clenching or grinding the teeth, typically during sleep
  • bs - a bachelor's degree in science
  • bse - a fatal disease of cattle that affects the central nervous system; causes staggering and agitation
  • bubo - a genus of Strigidae; a lymph node that is inflamed and swollen because of plague or gonorrhea or tuberculosis
  • bubonic - of or evidencing buboes
  • buccal - toward the inside of the cheek; lying within the mouth; of or relating to or toward the cheek
  • bud - a partially opened flower; a swelling on a plant stem consisting of overlapping immature leaves or petals; start to grow or develop: develop buds
  • budget - a summary of intended expenditures along with proposals for how to meet them; a sum of money allocated for a particular purpose; make a budget
  • buildup - the act of building up an accumulation; highly favorable publicity and praise; the result of the process of accumulation
  • bulbar - involving the medulla oblongata
  • bulbous - curving outward; shaped like a bulb
  • bulging - curving or bulging outward; curving outward
  • bulimic - suffering from bulimia; a person suffering from bulimia
  • bulla - the round leaden seal affixed to a papal bull; (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid
  • bullet - a projectile that is fired from a gun; (baseball) a pitch thrown with maximum velocity; a high-speed passenger train
  • bunion - a painful swelling of the bursa of the first joint of the big toe
  • burial - the ritual placing of a corpse in a grave; concealing something under the ground
  • burns - celebrated Scottish poet (1759-1796); United States comedian and film actor (1896-1996)
  • burp - a reflex that expels wind noisily from the stomach through the mouth; expel gas from the stomach
  • bursa - a small fluid-filled sac located between movable parts of the body especially at joints; a city in northwestern Turkey
  • bursitis - inflammation of a bursa; frequently in the shoulder
  • businessmen - the body of individuals who manage businesses
  • but - and nothing more
  • buttock - either of the two large fleshy masses of muscular tissue that form the human rump
  • buttocks - the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
  • buttonhole - a hole through which buttons are pushed; detain in conversation by or as if by holding on to the outer garments of; as for political or economic favors
  • buzzing - noisy like the sound of a bee
  • by - so as to pass a given point; in reserve; not for immediate use
  • cachexia - any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
  • cadaver - the dead body of a human being
  • cadaveric - of or relating to a cadaver or corpse
  • cadaverous - of or relating to a cadaver or corpse; very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
  • caecal - of or like a cecum
  • caecum - the cavity in which the large intestine begins and into which the ileum opens
  • caesar - conqueror of Gaul and master of Italy (100-44 BC); United States comedian who pioneered comedy television shows (born 1922)
  • caesium - a soft silver-white ductile metallic element (liquid at normal temperatures); the most electropositive and alkaline metal
  • caffeine - a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  • calamine - a white mineral; a common ore of zinc
  • calcaneal - relating to the heel bone or heel
  • calcaneus - the largest tarsal bone; forms the human heel
  • calcareous - composed of or containing or resembling calcium carbonate or calcite or chalk
  • calcitonin - thyroid hormone that tends to lower the level of calcium in the blood plasma and inhibit resorption of bone
  • calculated - carefully thought out in advance
  • calculating - used of persons
  • caldwell - United States author remembered for novels about poverty and degeneration (1903-1987)
  • caliber - a degree or grade of excellence or worth; diameter of a tube or gun barrel
  • calibre - a degree or grade of excellence or worth; diameter of a tube or gun barrel
  • california - a state in the western United States on the Pacific; the 3rd largest state; known for earthquakes
  • caliper - an instrument for measuring the distance between two points (often used in the plural); measure the diameter of something with calipers
  • called - known or spoken of as; given or having a specified name
  • calling - the particular occupation for which you are trained
  • calliper - an instrument for measuring the distance between two points (often used in the plural); measure the diameter of something with calipers
  • callisthenics - light exercises designed to promote general fitness: the practice of calisthenic exercises
  • callosity - an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot); devoid of passion or feeling; hardheartedness
  • calming - causing to become tranquil; freeing from fear and anxiety: the act of appeasing (as by acceding to the demands of)
  • calomel - a tasteless colorless powder used medicinally as a cathartic
  • caloric - of or relating to calories in food; relating to or associated with heat
  • calorific - heat-generating
  • calvaria - the dome of the skull
  • cam - a rotating disk shaped to convert circular into linear motion; a river in east central England that flows past Cambridge to join the Ouse River
  • camphor - a resin obtained from the camphor tree; used in making celluloid and liniment
  • camphorated - impregnated with camphor
  • canada - a nation in northern North America; the French were the first Europeans to settle in mainland Canada
  • canaliculus - a small canal or duct as in some bones and parts of plants
  • cancelled - (of events) no longer planned or scheduled
  • cancellous - having an open or latticed or porous structure
  • cancerous - like a cancer; an evil that grows and spreads; relating to or affected with cancer
  • candida - any of the yeastlike imperfect fungi of the genus Candida
  • candidate - someone who is considered for something (for an office or prize or honor etc.); a politician who is running for public office
  • candidiasis - an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)
  • canned - sealed in a can or jar; recorded for broadcast
  • cannula - a small flexible tube inserted into a body cavity for draining off fluid or introducing medication
  • cannulate - introduce a cannula or tube into
  • canthus - either of the corners of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet
  • canulate - introduce a cannula or tube into
  • capitate - being abruptly enlarged and globose at the tip; the wrist bone with a rounded head shape that articulates with the 3rd metacarpus
  • capitular - of or pertaining to an ecclesiastical chapter
  • capitulum - a dense clusters of flowers or foliage; the upper branches and leaves of a tree; fruiting spike of a cereal plant especially corn
  • capsular - of or relating to a capsule; resembling a capsule
  • caput - a headlike protuberance on an organ or structure; the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains
  • carbonate - a salt or ester of carbonic acid (containing the anion CO3); treat with carbon dioxide; turn into a carbonate
  • carbonic - relating to or consisting of or yielding carbon
  • carcinogen - any substance that produces cancer
  • carcinogenic - causing or tending to cause cancer
  • carcinoid - a small tumor (benign or malignant) arising from the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract; usually associated with excessive secretion of serotonin
  • carcinoma - any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer
  • carcinomatous - being or relating to carcinoma
  • carcinosarcoma - a malignant neoplasm composed of carcinoma and sarcoma extensively intermixed
  • cardia - the opening into the stomach and that part of the stomach connected to the esophagus
  • cardiac - of or relating to the heart
  • cardiogram - a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • cardiography - diagnostic procedure consisting of recording the activity of the heart electronically with a cardiograph (and producing a cardiogram)
  • cardiologist - a specialist in cardiology; a specialist in the structure and function and disorders of the heart
  • cardiology - the branch of medicine dealing with the heart and its diseases
  • cardiomegaly - an abnormal enlargement of the heart
  • cardiomyopathy - a disorder (usually of unknown origin) of the heart muscle (myocardium)
  • cardiopathy - a disease of the heart
  • cardiopulmonary - of or pertaining to or affecting both the heart and the lungs and their functions
  • cardiorespiratory - of or pertaining to or affecting both the heart and the lungs and their functions
  • cardiovascular - of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels
  • carditis - inflammation of the heart
  • cards - a game played with playing cards
  • career - the general progression of your working or professional life: the particular occupation for which you are trained; move headlong at high speed
  • carefully - taking care or paying attention; with caution or prudence or tact
  • careworn - showing the wearing effects of overwork or care or suffering
  • caries - soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth
  • caring - feeling and exhibiting concern and empathy for others: showing a care; having or displaying warmth or affection; a loving feeling
  • carlos - Venezuelan master terrorist raised by a Marxist-Leninist father; trained and worked with many terrorist groups (born in 1949)
  • carotid - of or relating to either of the two major arteries supplying blood to the head and neck
  • carp - any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae; the lean flesh of a fish that is often farmed; can be baked or braised: raise trivial objections
  • carpal - of or relating to the wrist; any of the eight small bones of the wrist of primates
  • carpus - a joint between the distal end of the radius and the proximal row of carpal bones
  • cartilage - tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults
  • cartilaginous - difficult to chew; of or relating to cartilage
  • caruncle - an outgrowth on a plant or animal such as a fowl's wattle or a protuberance near the hilum of certain seeds
  • cascara - dried bark of the cascara buckthorn used as a laxative
  • casein - a milk protein used in making e.g. plastics and adhesives; a water-base paint made with a protein precipitated from milk
  • caspar - (New Testament) one of the three sages from the east who came bearing gifts for the infant Jesus
  • castrated - deprived of sexual capacity or sexual attributes
  • catabolic - characterized by destructive metabolism; relating to or characterized by catabolism
  • catabolism - breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
  • catalase - enzyme found in most plant and animal cells that functions as an oxidative catalyst; decomposes hydrogen peroxide into hydrogen and water
  • catalepsy - a trancelike state with loss of voluntary motion and failure to react to stimuli
  • catalyse - change by catalysis or cause to catalyze
  • catalysis - acceleration of a chemical reaction induced the presence of material that is chemically unchanged at the end of the reaction
  • catalytic - relating to or causing or involving catalysis
  • catalyze - change by catalysis or cause to catalyze
  • catamenia - the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause
  • cataract - a large waterfall; violent rush of water over a precipice: clouding of the natural lens of the eye
  • catarrh - inflammation of the nose and throat with increased production of mucus
  • catarrhal - of or relating to a catarrh
  • catatonic - characterized by catatonia especially either rigidity or extreme laxness of limbs
  • catchment - a structure in which water is collected
  • category - a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations in a conceptual scheme; a collection of things sharing a common attribute
  • catering - providing food and services
  • catharsis - (psychoanalysis) purging of emotional tensions; purging the body by the use of a cathartic to stimulate evacuation of the bowels
  • cathartic - strongly laxative; emotionally purging (of e.g. art): emotionally purging; a purging medicine; stimulates evacuation of the bowels
  • catheter - a thin flexible tube inserted into the body to permit introduction or withdrawal of fluids or to keep the passageway open
  • catheterisation - the operation of introducing a catheter into the body
  • catheterisation - the operation of introducing a catheter into the body
  • catheterise - insert a catheter into (a body part)
  • catheterization - the operation of introducing a catheter into the body
  • catheterization - the operation of introducing a catheter into the body
  • catheterize - insert a catheter into (a body part)
  • cattle - domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age
  • cauda - any taillike structure
  • cauliflower - compact head of white undeveloped flowers; a plant having a large edible head of crowded white flower buds
  • causal - involving or constituting a cause; causing
  • causalgia - a burning pain in a limb along the course of a peripheral nerve; usually associated with skin changes
  • causing - the act of causing something to happen
  • cauterisation - the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing
  • cauterise - make insensitive or callous; deaden feelings or morals: burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent
  • cauterization - the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing
  • cauterize - burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent; make insensitive or callous; deaden feelings or morals
  • cavernous - being or suggesting a cavern; filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood
  • cbc - counting the number of white and red blood cells and the number of platelets in 1 cubic millimeter of blood
  • cc - a metric unit of volume equal to one thousandth of a liter
  • cecum - the cavity in which the large intestine begins and into which the ileum opens
  • cefotaxime - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Claforan) used for severe infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
  • celiac - belonging to or prescribed for celiac disease; of or in or belonging to the cavity of the abdomen
  • cellulite - lumpy deposits of body fat especially on women's thighs etc.
  • cellulitis - an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
  • cellulose - a polysaccharide that is the chief constituent of all plant tissues and fibers
  • celsius - Swedish astronomer who devised the centigrade thermometer (1701-1744)
  • celsius - Swedish astronomer who devised the centigrade thermometer (1701-1744)
  • cementum - a specialized bony substance covering the root of a tooth
  • census - a periodic count of the population; conduct a census
  • cent - a fractional monetary unit of several countries; a coin worth one-hundredth of the value of the basic unit
  • centesis - (surgery) the act of puncturing a body cavity or organ with a hollow needle in order to draw out fluid
  • centile - (statistics) any of the 99 numbered points that divide an ordered set of scores into 100 parts each of which contains one-hundredth of the total
  • centiliter - a metric unit of volume equal to one hundredth of a liter
  • centilitre - a metric unit of volume equal to one hundredth of a liter
  • centimeter - a metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a meter
  • centimetre - a metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a meter
  • centrally - in or near or toward a center or according to a central role or function
  • centrifugal - tending to move away from a center; conveying information to the muscles from the CNS; tending away from centralization, as of authority
  • centrifugation - the process of separating substances by the use of a centrifuge
  • centripetal - tending to move toward a center; of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system; tending to unify
  • centromere - a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape
  • centrosome - small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus; contains the centrioles and serves to organize the microtubules
  • centrum - the main body of a vertebra
  • century - a period of 100 years
  • cephalalgia - pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs
  • cephalic - of or relating to the head
  • cephalometry - measurement of human heads
  • cerebellar - relating to or associated with the cerebellum
  • cerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
  • cerebral - involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • cerebration - the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
  • cerebrospinal - of or relating to the brain and spinal cord
  • cerebrovascular - of or relating to the brain and the blood vessels that supply it
  • cerebrum - anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans
  • certainly - definitely or positively (`sure' is sometimes used informally for `surely')
  • cerumen - a soft yellow wax secreted by glands in the ear canal
  • ceruminous - relating to or secreting cerumen
  • cervical - relating to or associated with the neck; of or relating to the cervix of the uterus
  • cervicitis - inflammation of the uterine cervix
  • cervix - necklike opening to the uterus; the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body
  • cesium - a soft silver-white ductile metallic element (liquid at normal temperatures); the most electropositive and alkaline metal
  • cessation - a stopping
  • cestode - ribbonlike flatworms that are parasitic in the intestines of humans and other vertebrates
  • cetrimide - a cationic detergent that is a powerful disinfectant
  • chafed - painful from having the skin abraded
  • chafing - soreness or irritation of the skin caused by friction
  • chains - metal shackles; for hands or legs
  • chalazion - a small sebaceous cyst of the eyelid resulting when a Meibomian gland is blocked
  • chambers - English architect (1723-1796)
  • chancre - a small hard painless nodule at the site of entry of a pathogen (as syphilis)
  • chancroid - infectious venereal ulcer
  • changed - made or become different in some respect; made or become different in nature or form; changed in constitution or structure or composition by metamorphism
  • changing - marked by continuous change or effective action
  • channels - official routes of communication
  • chaplain - a clergyman ministering to some institution
  • chapped - used of skin roughened as a result of cold or exposure
  • characterise - describe or portray the character or the qualities or peculiarities of; be characteristic of
  • characterised - of the meaning of words or concepts; stated precisely
  • characterize - be characteristic of; describe or portray the character or the qualities or peculiarities of
  • characterized - of the meaning of words or concepts; stated precisely
  • charcot - French neurologist who tried to use hypnotism to cure hysteria (1825-1893)
  • chart - a map designed to assist navigation by air or sea; a visual display of information; plan in detail; make a chart of; represent by means of a graph
  • chat - an informal conversation; songbirds having a chattering call: birds having a chattering call; talk socially without exchanging too much information
  • cheap - relatively low in price or charging low prices; embarrassingly stingy; of very poor quality; flimsy; tastelessly showy
  • checked - patterned with alternating squares of color; held back from some action especially by force
  • checkup - a thorough physical examination; includes a variety of tests depending on the age and sex and health of the person
  • cheekbone - the arch of bone beneath the eye that forms the prominence of the cheek
  • cheilitis - inflammation and cracking of the skin of the lips
  • cheiloschisis - a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
  • cheilosis - a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth; caused by a deficiency of riboflavin
  • cheloid - raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury; results from excessive tissue repair
  • chemist - a scientist who specializes in chemistry; a health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs
  • chemoreceptor - a sensory receptor that responds to chemical stimuli
  • chemosis - edema of the mucous membrane of the eyeball and eyelid lining
  • chemotaxis - movement by a cell or organism in reaction to a chemical stimulus
  • chemotherapeutic - of or relating to chemotherapy
  • chemotherapy - the use of chemical agents to treat or control disease (or mental illness)
  • cheque - a written order directing a bank to pay money; withdraw money by writing a check
  • chesty - having or showing feelings of unwarranted importance out of overbearing pride; marked by a large or well-developed chest
  • chew - biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow; a wad of something chewable as tobacco; chew (food)
  • chewing - biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow
  • chiasm - an intersection or crossing of two tracts in the form of the letter X
  • chiasma - an intersection or crossing of two tracts in the form of the letter X
  • chickenpox - an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus; causes a rash of vesicles on the face and body
  • chief - most important element; a person who exercises control over workers; a person who is in charge
  • chilblain - inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture
  • chilblains - inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture
  • child - a young person of either sex; a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age; an immature childish person; a member of a clan or tribe
  • child - a young person of either sex; a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age; an immature childish person; a member of a clan or tribe
  • childbearing - relating to or suitable for childbirth; the parturition process in human beings; having a baby; the process of giving birth to a child
  • childbirth - the parturition process in human beings; having a baby; the process of giving birth to a child
  • childhood - the state of a child between infancy and adolescence: the time of person's life when they are a child
  • childhood - the state of a child between infancy and adolescence: the time of person's life when they are a child
  • childless - without offspring
  • chilling - so scary as to cause chills and shudders; the process of becoming cooler; a falling temperature
  • chiropodist - a specialist in care for the feet
  • chiropody - the branch of medicine concerned with the feet
  • chiropractic - a method of treatment that manipulates body structures (especially the spine) to relieve low back pain or even headache or high blood pressure
  • chiropractor - a therapist who practices chiropractic
  • chlamydial - of or pertaining to the sexually transmitted infection or to the parasite
  • chloasma - a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
  • chlorambucil - an alkalating agent (trade name Leukeran) used to treat some kinds of cancer
  • chloramphenicol - an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
  • chlordiazepoxide - a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
  • chlorhexidine - a long-lasting liquid antiseptic; used by surgeons to wash their hands before performing surgery
  • chloride - any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion): any compound containing a chlorine atom
  • chloroform - a volatile liquid haloform (CHCl3); formerly used as an anesthetic; anesthetize with chloroform
  • chlorophyll - any of a group of green pigments found in photosynthetic organisms; there are four naturally occurring forms
  • chloroquine - an antimalarial drug used to treat malaria and amebic dysentery and systemic lupus erythematosus
  • chlorosis - iron deficiency anemia in young women; characterized by weakness and menstrual disturbances and a green color to the skin
  • chlorothiazide - a diuretic drug (trade name Diuril) used in the treatment of edema and hypertension
  • chlorpromazine - a drug (trade name Thorazine) derived from phenothiazine that has antipsychotic effects and is used as a sedative and tranquilizer
  • chocolate - a medium brown to dark-brown color; a food made from roasted ground cacao beans; a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • choked - stopped up; clogged up
  • cholangiography - roentgenographic examination of the bile ducts after a contrast medium has been injected
  • cholangitis - inflammation of the bile ducts
  • cholecystectomy - surgical removal of the gall bladder (usually for relief of gallstone pain)
  • cholecystitis - inflammation of the gall bladder
  • cholelithiasis - the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • cholelithotomy - removal of gallstone through an incision in the gallbladder
  • cholera - an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  • cholestasis - a condition in which little or no bile is secreted or the flow of bile into the digestive tract is obstructed
  • cholesterol - an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues
  • choline - a B-complex vitamin that is a constituent of lecithin; essential in the metabolism of fat
  • cholinergic - releasing or activated by acetylcholine or a related compound
  • cholinesterase - an enzyme that hydrolyses acetylcholine (into choline and acetic acid)
  • chondrodystrophy - an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism
  • chondroma - a common benign tumor of cartilage cells
  • chondrosarcoma - a malignant neoplasm of cartilage cells
  • chorditis - inflammation of the vocal cords; inflammation of the spermatic cord
  • chorea - any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs: chorea in dogs
  • chorion - outermost membranous sac enclosing the embryo in higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  • chorionic - of or relating to a chorion
  • choroid - a highly vascular membrane in the eye between the retina and the sclera
  • chromatid - one of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits during mitosis
  • chromatin - the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA and various proteins; during mitotic division it condenses into chromosomes
  • chromatography - a process used for separating mixtures by virtue of differences in absorbency
  • chromium - a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • chromosomal - of or relating to a chromosome
  • chromosome - a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
  • chronic - being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • chronological - relating to or arranged according to temporal order
  • chrysotherapy - the use of chemicals containing gold for treating diseases (such as rheumatoid arthritis)
  • chyle - a milky fluid consisting of lymph and emulsified fats; formed in the small intestine during digestion of ingested fats
  • chylomicron - a microscopic particle of triglycerides produced in the intestines during digestion; in the bloodstream they release their fatty acids into the blood
  • chyme - a semiliquid mass of partially digested food that passes from the stomach through the pyloric sphincter into the duodenum
  • ci - a unit of radioactivity equal to the amount of a radioactive isotope that decays at the rate of 37,000,000,000 disintegrations per second
  • cicatrise - form a scar, after an injury
  • cicatrix - a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue
  • cicatrize - form a scar, after an injury
  • cigar - a roll of tobacco for smoking
  • cigarette - finely ground tobacco wrapped in paper; for smoking
  • ciliated - having a margin or fringe of hairlike projections
  • cimetidine - a drug (trade name Tagamet) used to treat peptic ulcers by decreasing the secretion of stomach acid
  • cimex - type genus of the Cimicidae: bedbugs
  • cinchona - any of several trees of the genus Cinchona; medicinal bark of cinchona trees; source of quinine and quinidine
  • cingulum - (anatomy) an encircling structure (as the ridge around the base of a tooth)
  • ciprofloxacin - an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
  • circadian - of or relating to biological processes occurring at 24-hour intervals
  • circulating - passing from one to another
  • circulatory - relating to circulatory system or to circulation of the blood; of or relating to circulation
  • circumcise - cut the foreskin off male babies or teenage boys; cut the skin over the clitoris
  • circumduction - a circular movement of a limb or eye
  • circumflex - a diacritical mark (^) placed above a vowel in some languages to indicate a special phonetic quality
  • circumvallate - surround with or as if with a rampart or other fortification
  • cirrhosis - a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver; the major cause is chronic alcoholism
  • cisterna - a sac or cavity containing fluid especially lymph or cerebrospinal fluid
  • citrate - a salt or ester of citric acid; cause to form a salt or ester of citric acid
  • citric - of or related to citric acid
  • citrulline - an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is an intermediate in the conversion of ornithine to arginine
  • cladding - a protective covering that protects the outside of a building
  • clamp - a device (generally used by carpenters) that holds things firmly together; impose or inflict forcefully; fasten or fix with a clamp
  • clarification - an interpretation that removes obstacles to understanding; the act of removing solid particles from a liquid
  • classify - arrange or order by classes or categories; declare unavailable, as for security reasons; assign to a class or kind
  • claudication - disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
  • claustrophobia - a morbid fear of being closed in a confined space
  • claustrophobic - suffering from claustrophobia; abnormally afraid of closed-in places; uncomfortably closed or hemmed in
  • clavicle - bone linking the scapula and sternum
  • clavus - a hard thickening of the skin (especially on the top or sides of the toes) caused by the pressure of ill-fitting shoes
  • cleaned - made clean
  • cleaner - someone whose occupation is cleaning; the operator of dry-cleaning establishment; a preparation used in cleaning something
  • cleaners - shop where dry cleaning is done
  • cleaning - the act of making something clean
  • cleanliness - diligence in keeping clean; the habit of keeping free of superficial imperfections
  • cleansing - acting like an antiseptic; cleansing the body by washing; especially ritual washing of e.g. hands; the act of making something clean
  • clearing - the act of removing solid particles from a liquid; the act of freeing from suspicion; a tract of land with few or no trees in the middle of a wooded area
  • clearly - without doubt or question; in an easily perceptible manner: clear to the mind; with distinct mental discernment; in an intelligible manner
  • clemens - United States writer and humorist best known for his novels about Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn (1835-1910)
  • clerking - the activity of recording business transactions
  • client - a person who seeks the advice of a lawyer; (computer science) any computer that is hooked up to a computer network: someone who pays for goods or services
  • climacteric - a period in a man's life corresponding to menopause: the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
  • climate - the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time; the prevailing psychological state
  • clinical - scientifically detached; unemotional; relating to a clinic or conducted in or as if in a clinic and depending on direct observation of patients
  • clinically - in a clinical manner
  • clinician - a practitioner (of medicine or psychology) who does clinical work instead of laboratory experiments
  • clinodactyly - a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
  • clitoris - a female sexual organ homologous to the penis
  • cloaca - a waste pipe that carries away sewage or surface water
  • clock - a timepiece that shows the time of day; measure the time or duration of an event or action or the person who performs an action in a certain period of time
  • clomipramine - a tricyclic antidepressant drug
  • clonic - of or relating to abnormal neuromuscular activity characterized by rapidly alternating muscle contraction and relaxation
  • clonidine - an antihypertensive (trade name Catapres) that can be administered orally or via transdermal patches
  • cloning - a general term for the research activity that creates a copy of some biological entity (a gene or organism or cell)
  • clonus - convulsion characterized by alternating contractions and relaxations
  • closely - in a close relation or position in time or space; in a close manner; in an attentive manner
  • closest - (superlative of `near' or `close') within the shortest distance
  • clostridium - spindle-shaped bacterial cell especially one swollen at the center by an endospore
  • cloth - artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers
  • clothes - clothing in general
  • clothing - a covering designed to be worn on a person's body
  • clotted - thickened or coalesced in soft thick lumps (such as clogs or clots)
  • clotting - the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • cloudy - (of especially liquids) clouded as with sediment; full of or covered with clouds; lacking definite form or limits
  • clubbing - a condition in which the ends of toes and fingers become wide and thick; a symptom of heart or lung disease
  • clumping - the sound of a horse's hoofs hitting on a hard surface
  • cluster - a grouping of a number of similar things; come together as in a cluster or flock; gather or cause to gather into a cluster
  • cm - a metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a meter; a radioactive transuranic metallic element; produced by bombarding plutonium with helium nuclei
  • cmv - any of a group of herpes viruses that enlarge epithelial cells and can cause birth defects; can affect humans with impaired immunological systems
  • cns - the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
  • coagulant - an agent that produces coagulation
  • coagulase - an enzyme that induces coagulation
  • coagulated - changed into a solid mass; transformed from a liquid into a soft semisolid or solid mass
  • coagulation - the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • coagulum - a lump of material formed from the content of a liquid
  • coalesce - fuse or cause to grow together; mix together different elements
  • coalescence - the union of diverse things into one body or form or group; the growing together of parts
  • coarctation - (biology) a narrowing or constriction of a vessel or canal; especially a congenital narrowing of the aorta; tight or narrow compression
  • coated - having or dressed in a coat; having a coating; covered with an outer layer or film; often used in combination
  • cobalt - a hard ferromagnetic silver-white bivalent or trivalent metallic element; a trace element in plant and animal nutrition
  • cobra - venomous Asiatic and African elapid snakes that can expand the skin of the neck into a hood
  • cocaine - a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
  • cocci - any spherical or nearly spherical bacteria
  • coccidioidomycosis - an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
  • coccus - any spherical or nearly spherical bacteria
  • coccygeal - of or relating to or near the coccyx
  • coccyx - the end of the vertebral column in humans and tailless apes
  • cochlea - the snail-shaped tube (in the inner ear coiled around the modiolus) where sound vibrations are converted into nerve impulses by the organ of Corti
  • cochlear - of or relating to the cochlea of the ear
  • cocktail - an appetizer served as a first course at a meal; a short mixed drink
  • codeine - derivative of opium; used as an antitussive (to relieve coughing) and an analgesic (to relive pain)
  • codon - a specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DNA or RNA that provides genetic code information for a particular amino acid
  • coeliac - of or in or belonging to the cavity of the abdomen
  • coelom - a cavity in the mesoderm of an embryo that gives rise in humans to the pleural cavity and pericardial cavity and peritoneal cavity
  • cognition - the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
  • cognitive - of or being or relating to or involving cognition
  • cohort - a band of warriors (originally a unit of a Roman Legion); a company of companions or supporters; a group people having approximately the same age
  • coiled - curled or wound (especially in concentric rings or spirals)
  • coin - a metal piece (usually a disc) used as money; make up; form by stamping, punching, or printing
  • coital - of or relating to coitus or copulation
  • coitus - the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man's penis is inserted into the woman's vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur
  • colic - acute abdominal pain (especially in infants)
  • colicky - suffering from excessive gas in the alimentary canal
  • colitis - inflammation of the colon
  • collagen - a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue; yields gelatin on boiling
  • collagenous - relating to or consisting of collagen
  • collarbone - bone linking the scapula and sternum
  • collected - in full control of your faculties; brought together in one place; brought together into a group or crowd
  • collecting - the act of gathering something together
  • collins - tall iced drink of liquor (usually gin) with fruit juice; English writer noted for early detective novels (1824-1889)
  • collodion - a colorless syrupy solution of pyroxylin in ether and alcohol; used as a coating for wounds or photographic films
  • colloid - a mixture with properties between those of a solution and fine suspension
  • collyrium - lotion consisting of a solution used as a cleanser for the eyes
  • colonic - of or relating to the colon; a water enema given to flush out the colon
  • colonoscope - an elongated fiberoptic endoscope for examining the entire colon from cecum to rectum
  • colonoscopy - visual examination of the colon (with a colonoscope) from the cecum to the rectum; requires sedation
  • coloration - choice and use of colors (as by an artist); appearance with regard to color; the timbre of a musical sound
  • colorectal - relating to or affecting the colon and the rectum
  • colostomy - a surgical operation that creates an opening from the colon to the surface of the body to function as an anus
  • colostrum - milky fluid secreted for the first day or two after parturition
  • colourless - weak in color; not colorful; lacking in variety and interest
  • colours - a flag that shows its nationality; a distinguishing emblem
  • colpitis - inflammation of the vagina
  • colpocele - hernia projecting into the vagina
  • colpocystitis - inflammation of the vagina and bladder
  • columnar - characterized by columns; having the form of a column
  • comatose - in a state of deep and usually prolonged unconsciousness; unable to respond to external stimuli; relating to or associated with a coma
  • combat - an engagement fought between two military forces; the act of fighting; any contest or struggle; battle or contend against in or as if in a battle
  • combed - (of hair) made tidy with a comb
  • combined - made or joined or united into one; involving the joint activity of two or more
  • combining - an occurrence that results in things being united; the act of combining things to form a new whole
  • combustion - a process in which a substance reacts with oxygen to give heat and light; a state of violent disturbance and excitement: the act of burning something
  • comedo - a black-tipped plug clogging a pore of the skin
  • comforted - made comfortable or more comfortable in a time of distress
  • comforting - affording comfort or solace; providing freedom from worry
  • comforts - things that make you comfortable and at ease
  • comfrey - leaves make a popular tisane; young leaves used in salads or cooked; perennial herbs of Europe and Iran; make rapidly growing groundcover for shaded areas
  • commando - an amphibious military unit trained for raids into enemy territory; a member of a military unit trained as shock troops for hit-and-run raids
  • commensal - living in a state of commensalism; either of two different animal or plant species living in close association but not interdependent
  • commissioned - (of military officers) holding by virtue of a commission a rank of second lieutenant or ensign or above; given official approval to act
  • commissioner - a government administrator; a member of a commission
  • commissioning - the act of granting authority to undertake certain functions
  • commissure - a bundle of nerve fibers passing from one side to the other of the brain or spinal cord
  • committed - bound or obligated, as under a pledge to a particular cause, action, or attitude; associated in an exclusive sexual relationship
  • committee - a special group delegated to consider some matter; a self-constituted organization to promote something
  • commode - a tall elegant chest of drawers; a plumbing fixture for defecation and urination
  • commonly - under normal conditions
  • communicable - readily communicated; (of disease) capable of being transmitted by infection
  • communicating - the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information
  • comparatively - in a relative manner; by comparison to something else
  • comparing - examining resemblances or differences
  • comparison - examining resemblances or differences; qualities that are comparable; relation based on similarities and differences
  • compatibility - capability of existing or performing in harmonious or congenial combination; a feeling of sympathetic understanding
  • competence - the quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually
  • competitive - showing a fighting disposition; subscribing to capitalistic competition; involving competition or competitiveness
  • compilation - the act of compiling (as into a single book or file or list); something that is compiled (as into a single book or file)
  • complaining - expressing pain or dissatisfaction of resentment
  • completed - caught; (of a marriage) completed by the first act of sexual intercourse after the ceremony; successfully completed or brought to an end
  • completely - so as to be complete; with everything necessary; to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly')
  • completing - acting as or providing a complement (something that completes the whole)
  • complicated - difficult to analyze or understand
  • composed - serenely self-possessed and free from agitation especially in times of stress; made up of individual elements
  • comprehensive - including all or everything; broad in scope; an intensive examination testing a student's proficiency in some special field of knowledge
  • compressed - reduced in volume by pressure; pressed tightly together; flattened laterally along the whole length (e.g., certain leafstalks or flatfishes)
  • compulsively - in a compulsive manner
  • compulsory - required by rule
  • computer - a machine for performing calculations automatically; an expert at calculation (or at operating calculating machines)
  • computerised - stored, processed, analyzed, or generated by computer
  • concave - curving inward
  • conceive - become pregnant; undergo conception; judge or regard; look upon; judge; have the idea for
  • conceived - formed in the mind
  • concept - an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
  • conceptual - being or characterized by concepts or their formation
  • concha - (anatomy) a structure that resembles a shell in shape
  • concise - expressing much in few words
  • concussion - any violent blow; injury to the brain caused by a blow; usually resulting in loss of consciousness
  • conditioned - physically fit; established by conditioning or learning
  • conditioning - a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
  • condom - contraceptive device consisting of a sheath of thin rubber or latex that is worn over the penis during intercourse
  • conducting - the direction of an orchestra or choir; the way of administering a business
  • conduction - the transmission of heat or electricity or sound
  • conductive - having the quality or power of conducting heat or electricity or sound; exhibiting conductivity
  • conduit - a passage (a pipe or tunnel) through which water or electric wires can pass
  • condyle - a round bump on a bone where it forms a joint with another bone
  • confabulation - (psychiatry) a plausible but imagined memory that fills in gaps in what is remembered; an informal conversation
  • confederation - the act of forming an alliance or confederation; a union of political organizations; the state of being allied or confederated
  • confident - not liable to error in judgment or action; having or marked by confidence or assurance; persuaded of; very sure
  • confidentiality - discretion in keeping secret information; the state of being secret
  • confirmed - having a habit of long standing; of persons; not subject to change; having been established or made firm or received the rite of confirmation
  • conform - be similar, be in line with; adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions
  • conforming - adhering to established customs or doctrines (especially in religion)
  • confounding - that confounds or contradicts or confuses
  • congeal - become gelatinous
  • congenital - present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • congested - overfull as with blood
  • congestion - excessive crowding; excessive accumulation of blood or other fluid in a body part
  • congestive - relating to or affected by an abnormal collection of blood or other fluid
  • conjoined - consisting of two or more associated entities
  • conjunctiva - a transparent membrane covering the eyeball and under surface of the eyelid
  • conjunctival - of or relating to the conjunctiva
  • conjunctivitis - inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
  • connecting - syntactically connecting sentences or elements of a sentence
  • conrad - English novelist (born in Poland) noted for sea stories and for his narrative technique (1857-1924)
  • consanguinity - (anthropology) related by blood
  • consciously - with awareness
  • consciousness - an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself and your situation; having knowledge of
  • consensus - agreement in the judgment or opinion reached by a group as a whole
  • consent - permission to do something; give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to
  • considerable - large or relatively large in number or amount or extent or degree
  • considerably - to a great extent or degree
  • considered - carefully weighed; resulting from careful thought
  • consolidation - the act of combining into an integral whole: combining into a solid mass; something that has consolidated into a compact mass
  • conspicuous - obvious to the eye or mind; without any attempt at concealment; completely obvious
  • constantly - without interruption; seemingly uninterrupted; without variation or change
  • constipated - have difficult or incomplete or infrequent evacuation of the bowels
  • constitutionally - according to the constitution
  • constrict - become tight or as if tight; squeeze or press together
  • constricted - inhibited; drawn together or squeezed physically or by extension psychologically; especially tense; especially in some dialects
  • constricting - (of circumstances) tending to constrict freedom: hindering freedom of movement
  • constrictive - restricting the scope or freedom of action; (of circumstances) tending to constrict freedom
  • constrictor - any of various large nonvenomous snakes that kill their prey by crushing it in its coils
  • consult - advise professionally; seek information from; get or ask advice from; have a conference in order to talk something over
  • consultancy - the practice of giving expert advice within a particular field
  • consultant - an expert who gives advice
  • consumed - completely used up
  • contagious - easily diffused or spread as from one person to another; (of disease) capable of being transmitted by infection
  • contained - gotten under control; controlled
  • contaminant - a substance that contaminates
  • contaminate - make radioactive by adding radioactive material: make impure
  • contaminated - rendered unwholesome by contaminants and pollution; corrupted by contact or association; contaminated with infecting organisms
  • contaminating - spreading pollution or contamination; especially radioactive contamination; that infects or taints
  • contemporary - belonging to the present time; characteristic of the present; occurring in the same period of time; a person of nearly the same age as another
  • contents - a list of divisions (chapters or articles) and the pages on which they start
  • continence - the exercise of self constraint in sexual matters: voluntary control over urinary and fecal discharge
  • continent - having control over urination and defecation; abstaining from sexual intercourse; the European mainland; one of the large landmasses of the earth
  • continually - seemingly without interruption
  • continued - without stop or interruption
  • continuing - remaining in force or being carried on without letup
  • continuous - continuing in time or space without interruption; of a function or curve; extending without break or irregularity
  • continuously - at every point; with unflagging resolve
  • contraception - birth control by the use of devices (diaphragm or intrauterine device or condom) or drugs or surgery
  • contraceptive - capable of preventing conception or impregnation: an agent or device intended to prevent conception
  • contracted - reduced in size or pulled together
  • contractile - capable of contracting or being contracted
  • contracting - becoming infected
  • contracture - an abnormal and usually permanent contraction of a muscle
  • contraindication - (medicine) a reason that makes it inadvisable to prescribe a particular drug or employ a particular procedure or treatment
  • contralateral - on or relating to the opposite side (of the body)
  • contrasting - strikingly different; tending to contrast
  • contribute - contribute to some cause; be conducive to; provide: bestow a quality on
  • controlled - restrained or managed or kept within certain bounds: curbed or regulated
  • controlling - able to control or determine policy
  • controversial - marked by or capable of arousing controversy
  • contused - injured without breaking the skin
  • contusion - the action of bruising; an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
  • convalesce - get over an illness or shock
  • convalescence - gradual healing (through rest) after sickness or injury
  • convalescent - returning to health after illness or debility; of or for or relating to convalescence or convalescents; a person who is recovering from illness
  • convenient - easy to reach; suited to your comfort or purpose or needs; large and roomy (`convenient' is archaic in this sense)
  • convergent - tending to come together from different directions
  • conversation - the use of speech for informal exchange of views or ideas or information etc.
  • converted - spiritually reborn or converted
  • convex - curving or bulging outward
  • convincing - causing one to believe the truth of something
  • convoluted - rolled or coiled together; highly complex or intricate
  • convolution - the action of coiling or twisting or winding together; a convex fold or elevation in the surface of the brain; the shape of something rotating rapidly
  • convulsive - affected by involuntary jerky muscular contractions; resembling a spasm; resembling a convulsion in being sudden and violent
  • cooked - having been prepared for eating by the application of heat
  • cooking - the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat
  • cooling - the process of becoming cooler; a falling temperature; a mechanism for keeping something cool
  • coordinated - being dexterous in the use of more than one set of muscle movements; operating as a unit; intentionally matched
  • cope - brick that is laid sideways at the top of a wall; come to terms or deal successfully with
  • copenhagen - the capital and largest city of Denmark; located on the island of Zealand
  • copied - derived by copying something else; especially by following lines seen through a transparent sheet
  • coping - brick that is laid sideways at the top of a wall
  • coprolith - a hard mass of fecal matter
  • copulate - make love
  • copying - an act of copying
  • cordon - adornment consisting of an ornamental ribbon or cord: cord or ribbon worn as an insignia of honor or rank
  • cords - cotton trousers made of corduroy cloth
  • corium - the deep vascular inner layer of the skin
  • cornea - transparent anterior portion of the outer covering of the eye; it covers the lens and iris and is continuous with the sclera
  • corneal - of or related to the cornea
  • corneum - the outermost layer of the epidermis consisting of dead cells that slough off
  • cornu - (anatomy) any structure that resembles a horn in shape
  • coronal - flower arrangement consisting of a circular band of foliage or flowers for ornamental purposes
  • coroner - a public official who investigates by inquest any death not due to natural causes
  • corpse - the dead body of a human being
  • corpus - the main part of an organ or other bodily structure; a collection of writings; capital as contrasted with the income derived from it
  • corpuscle - either of two types of cells (erythrocytes and leukocytes) and sometimes including platelets; (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
  • corrected - having something undesirable neutralized; punished for misbehavior
  • corrective - tending or intended to correct or counteract or restore to a normal condition; designed to promote discipline; a device for treating injury or disease
  • correctly - in a correct manner
  • corresponding - agreeing in amount, magnitude, or degree: accompanying; similar especially in position or purpose; conforming in every respect
  • corridor - an enclosed passageway; rooms usually open onto it
  • corrode - become destroyed by water, air, or an etching chemical such as an acid; cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid
  • corset - a woman's close-fitting foundation garment; dress with a corset
  • cortical - of or relating to a cortex
  • corticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response
  • corticosterone - secreted by the adrenal cortex; involved in regulating water and electrolyte balance in the body
  • corticotrophin - a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • corticotropin - a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • cortisol - an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • cortisone - a corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone
  • corynebacterium - any species of the genus Corynebacterium
  • coryza - an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose (usually associated with nasal discharge)
  • cosmetic - serving an aesthetic purpose in beautifying the body: serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose; a toiletry designed to beautify the body
  • costal - of or relating to or near a rib
  • costive - retarding evacuation of feces
  • costs - pecuniary reimbursement to the winning party for the expenses of litigation
  • cot - a small bed that folds up for storage or transport; baby bed with high sides made of slats; a sheath worn to protect a finger
  • cottage - a small house with a single story
  • cotyledon - embryonic leaf in seed-bearing plants
  • cotyloid - of the cup-shaped socket that receives the head of the thigh bone
  • counselling - something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
  • counsellor - a lawyer who pleads cases in court; someone who gives advice about problems; someone who has supervisory duties at a summer camp
  • counteraction - action intended to nullify the effects of some previous action
  • counterirritant - a medicine applied locally to produce superficial inflammation in order to reduce deeper inflammation
  • counterstain - a stain of contrasting color that is used when the principal stain does not show the structure clearly
  • counting - the act of counting
  • countrywide - occurring or extending throughout a country or nation
  • covered - overlaid or spread or topped with or enclosed within something; sometimes used as a combining form
  • cowper - English poet who wrote hymns and poetry about nature (1731-1800); English surgeon who discovered Cowper's gland (1666-1709)
  • cowpox - a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
  • cows - domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age
  • coxa - the ball-and-socket joint between the head of the femur and the acetabulum
  • cr - a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • crackling - the sharp sound of snapping noises; the residue that remains after animal fat has been rendered
  • cramped - constricted in size
  • cranial - of or relating to the cranium which encloses the brain
  • craniometry - the branch of physical anthropology dealing with the study and measurement of dry skulls after removal of its soft parts
  • craniotomy - a surgical opening through the skull
  • cranium - the part of the skull that encloses the brain
  • cred - credibility among young fashionable urban individuals
  • creeping - a slow mode of locomotion on hands and knees or dragging the body
  • crepitation - the sharp sound of snapping noises
  • crescent - resembling the new moon in shape; any shape resembling the curved shape of the moon in its first or last quarters
  • cresol - any of three poisonous colorless isomeric phenols; derived from coal or wood tar; used as a disinfectant
  • cretinism - severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
  • crime - (criminal law) an act punishable by law; usually considered an evil act; an evil act not necessarily punishable by law
  • crisis - a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something: an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty
  • criterion - the ideal in terms of which something can be judged; a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated
  • critically - in a critical manner
  • crossed - placed crosswise; (of a check) marked for deposit only as indicated by having two lines drawn across it; produced by crossbreeding
  • crowded - overfilled or compacted or concentrated
  • crowning - representing a level of the highest possible achievement or attainment; forming or providing a crown or summit
  • cruciate - shaped like a cross
  • cruel - (of persons or their actions) able or disposed to inflict pain or suffering; (of weapons or instruments) causing suffering and pain
  • crural - of or relating the leg from the knee to the foot
  • crus - the leg from the knee to foot
  • crushed - treated so as to have a permanently wrinkled appearance; subdued or brought low in condition or status
  • crushing - physically or spiritually devastating; often used in combination; forceful prevention; putting down by power or authority
  • crutch - anything that serves as an expedient; a wooden or metal staff that fits under the armpit and reaches to the ground; used by disabled person while walking
  • cryaesthesia - hypersensitivity to cold
  • cryosurgery - the use of extreme cold (usually liquid nitrogen) to destroy unwanted tissue (warts or cataracts or skin cancers)
  • crypt - a cellar or vault or underground burial chamber (especially beneath a church)
  • cryptococcosis - a fungal infection characterized by nodular lesions--first in the lungs and spreading to the nervous system
  • cryptorchidism - failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
  • cryptorchism - failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
  • crystalline - consisting of or containing or of the nature of crystals: transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity; distinctly or sharply outlined
  • cs - a soft silver-white ductile metallic element (liquid at normal temperatures); the most electropositive and alkaline metal
  • cubic - having three dimensions
  • cubital - of or relating to the elbow
  • cubitus - the arm from the elbow to the fingertips; hinge joint between the forearm and upper arm and the corresponding joint in the forelimb of a quadruped
  • cuboid - shaped like a cube; a rectangular parallelepiped
  • cuboidal - shaped like a cube
  • cuirass - medieval body armor that covers the chest and back
  • culdoscope - a specialized endoscope for visually examining a woman's pelvic organs
  • culdoscopy - endoscopic examination of a woman's pelvic organs by the insertion of a culdoscope through the vagina
  • culex - type genus of the Culicidae: widespread genus of mosquitoes distinguished by holding the body parallel to the resting surface
  • culturally - with regard to a culture
  • cumulative - increasing by successive addition
  • cuneiform - of or relating to the tarsal bones (or other wedge-shaped bones); shaped like a wedge; an ancient wedge-shaped script used in Mesopotamia and Persia
  • cupboard - a small room (or recess) or cabinet used for storage space
  • cupola - a roof in the form of a dome; a vertical cylindrical furnace for melting iron for casting
  • curable - curing or healing is possible; capable of being hardened by some additive or other agent
  • curare - a toxic alkaloid found in certain tropical South American trees that is a powerful relaxant for striated muscles
  • curative - tending to cure or restore to health; a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain
  • curdled - transformed from a liquid into a soft semisolid or solid mass
  • curet - a surgical instrument shaped like a scoop to remove tissue from a bodily cavity
  • curettage - surgery to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity (as the uterus) by scraping with a curette
  • curette - a surgical instrument shaped like a scoop to remove tissue from a bodily cavity
  • curettement - surgery to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity (as the uterus) by scraping with a curette
  • curing - the process of becoming hard or solid by cooling or drying or crystallization
  • curled - of hair having curls; drawn up into a ball
  • curling - of hair having curls; a game played on ice in which heavy stones with handles are slid toward a target
  • currently - at this time or period; now
  • curtain - hanging cloth used as a blind (especially for a window): any barrier to communication or vision; provide with drapery
  • curtis - English botanical writer and publisher (1746-1799)
  • curved - having or marked by a curve or smoothly rounded bend
  • curving - having or marked by a curve or smoothly rounded bend
  • cushing - United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869-1939)
  • cuspid - one of the four pointed conical teeth (two in each jaw) located between the incisors and the premolars
  • customs - money collected under a tariff
  • cutaneous - relating to or existing on or affecting the skin
  • cutis - a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch
  • cva - a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
  • cyanide - an extremely poisonous salt of hydrocyanic acid; any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN
  • cyanocobalamin - a B vitamin that is used to treat pernicious anemia
  • cyanosis - a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes; a sign that oxygen in the blood is dangerously diminished (as in carbon monoxide poisoning)
  • cyclical - recurring in cycles
  • cycling - the sport of traveling on a bicycle or motorcycle
  • cyclopropane - a colorless flammable gas sometimes used as an inhalation anesthetic
  • cyclothymia - a mild bipolar disorder that persists over a long time
  • cylindrical - having the form of a cylinder
  • cyst - a closed sac that develops abnormally in some body structure; a small anatomically normal sac or bladderlike structure (especially one containing fluid)
  • cystic - of or relating to or resembling a cyst; of or relating to a normal cyst (as the gallbladder or urinary bladder)
  • cystine - a crystalline amino acid found in proteins (especially keratin); discovered in bladder stones
  • cystitis - inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
  • cystocele - hernia in which the urinary bladder protrudes through the wall of the vagina; sometimes occurs after childbirth
  • cytogenetics - the branch of biology that studies the cellular aspects of heredity (especially the chromosomes)
  • cytokine - any of various proteins secreted by cells of the immune system that serve to regulate the immune system
  • cytokinesis - organic process consisting of the division of the cytoplasm of a cell following karyokinesis bringing about the separation into two daughter cells
  • cytological - of or relating to the science of cytology
  • cytologist - a biologist who studies the structure and function of cells
  • cytology - the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells
  • cytolysis - pathological breakdown of cells by the destruction of their outer membrane
  • cytomegalovirus - any of a group of herpes viruses that enlarge epithelial cells and can cause birth defects; can affect humans with impaired immunological systems
  • cytopenia - a deficiency of some cellular element of the blood
  • cytoplasm - the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism
  • cytoplasmic - of or relating to cytoplasm
  • cytosine - a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine
  • cytotoxic - of or relating to substances that are toxic to cells
  • cytotoxin - any substance that has a toxic effect on cells
  • da - an official prosecutor for a judicial district
  • dab - a small quantity of something moist or liquid; a light touch or stroke; hit lightly; apply (usually a liquid) to a surface
  • dacryocystitis - inflammation of the lacrimal sac causing obstruction of the tube draining tears into the nose
  • dactyl - a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed-unstressed syllables; a finger or toe in human beings or corresponding body part in other vertebrates
  • dactylomegaly - abnormally large fingers or toes
  • dah - the longer of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code
  • dairy - a farm where dairy products are produced
  • daisy - any of numerous composite plants having flower heads with well-developed ray flowers usually arranged in a single whorl
  • daltonism - dichromacy characterized by a lowered sensitivity to green light resulting in an inability to distinguish green and purplish-red
  • damaged - harmed or injured or spoiled; especially of reputation: being unjustly brought into disrepute
  • damages - a sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury
  • damaging - designed or tending to discredit, especially without positive or helpful suggestions; (sometimes followed by `to') causing harm or injury
  • dander - a feeling of anger and animosity; small scales from animal skins or hair or bird feathers that can cause allergic reactions in some people
  • dandruff - loose scales shed from the scalp; a condition in which white scales of dead skin are shed by the scalp
  • dandy - very good; a man who is much concerned with his dress and appearance; a sailing vessel with two masts; a small mizzen is aft of the rudderpost
  • dangerous - causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm: involving or causing danger or risk; liable to hurt or harm
  • dangerously - in a dangerous manner
  • darkening - becoming dark or darker as from waning light or clouding over; characterized by hopelessness; filled with gloom: changing to a darker color
  • data - a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
  • database - an organized body of related information
  • dated - bearing a date; marked by features of the immediate and usually discounted past
  • daughter - a female human offspring
  • daylight - light during the daytime; the time after sunrise and before sunset while it is light outside
  • days - the time during which someone's life continues
  • days - the time during which someone's life continues
  • daytime - the time after sunrise and before sunset while it is light outside
  • dazed - in a state of mental numbness especially as resulting from shock; stunned or confused and slow to react (as from blows or drunkenness or exhaustion)
  • dazzlingly - in a manner or to a degree that dazzles the beholder
  • db - a logarithmic unit of sound intensity; 10 times the logarithm of the ratio of the sound intensity to some reference intensity; a transuranic element
  • dds - a doctor's degree in dental surgery
  • ddt - an insecticide that is also toxic to animals and humans; banned in the United States since 1972
  • de - a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies
  • deafen - make soundproof; make or render deaf; be unbearably loud
  • deafened - caused to hear poorly or not at all
  • deafness - partial or complete loss of hearing
  • dealing - method or manner of conduct in relation to others; the act of transacting within or between groups (as carrying on commercial activities)
  • deaminate - remove the amino radical (usually by hydrolysis) from an amino compound; to perform deamination
  • deamination - removal of the amino radical from an amino acid or other amino compound
  • debilitate - make weak
  • debilitated - lacking strength or vigor
  • debilitating - impairing the strength and vitality
  • debility - the state of being weak in health or body (especially from old age)
  • debridement - surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing
  • debris - the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up
  • decadron - a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
  • decalcification - loss of calcium from bones or teeth
  • decapitation - killing by cutting off the head; execution by cutting off the victim's head
  • decarboxylase - any of the enzymes that hydrolize the carboxyl group
  • decayed - damaged by decay; hence unsound and useless
  • decibel - a logarithmic unit of sound intensity; 10 times the logarithm of the ratio of the sound intensity to some reference intensity
  • decide - reach, make, or come to a decision about something; bring to an end; settle conclusively; cause to decide; influence or determine
  • decided - recognizable; marked
  • deciding - having the power or quality of deciding; the cognitive process of reaching a decision
  • decidua - the epithelial tissue of the endometrium
  • deciduous - (of plants and shrubs) shedding foliage at the end of the growing season; (of teeth, antlers, etc.) being shed at the end of a period of growth
  • decigram - 1/10 gram
  • deciliter - a metric unit of volume equal to one tenth of a liter
  • decilitre - a metric unit of volume equal to one tenth of a liter
  • decimeter - a metric unit of length equal to one tenth of a meter
  • decimetre - a metric unit of length equal to one tenth of a meter
  • declared - made known or openly avowed; declared as fact; explicitly stated
  • decompose - separate (substances) into constituent elements or parts; break down; lose a stored charge, magnetic flux, or current
  • decompression - relieving pressure; restoring compressed information to its normal form for use or display
  • decongestant - a drug that decreases pulmonary congestion
  • decontamination - the removal of contaminants
  • decortication - removal of the outer covering of an organ or part
  • decreased - made less in size or amount or degree
  • decreasing - becoming less or smaller; music
  • decubitus - a reclining position (as in a bed)
  • decussation - an intersection or crossing of two tracts in the form of the letter X
  • ded - a doctor's degree in education
  • dedicated - devoted to a cause or ideal or purpose; solemnly dedicated to or set apart for a high purpose
  • deeply - to a great depth; to a great depth psychologically
  • deer - distinguished from Bovidae by the male's having solid deciduous antlers
  • defecate - have a bowel movement
  • defecation - the elimination of fecal waste through the anus
  • defective - markedly subnormal in structure or function or intelligence or behavior; having a defect; not working properly
  • defendant - a person or institution against whom an action is brought in a court of law; the person being sued or accused
  • defending - attempting to or designed to prevent an opponent from winning or scoring
  • deferent - showing deference
  • defervescence - abatement of a fever as indicated by a reduction in body temperature
  • defibrillation - treatment by stopping fibrillation of heart muscles (usually by electric shock delivered by a defibrillator)
  • deficiency - lack of an adequate quantity or number; the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  • deficient - inadequate in amount or degree; falling short of some prescribed norm; of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement
  • define - give a definition for the meaning of a word; determine the nature of; show the form or outline of; determine the essential quality of
  • defined - clearly characterized or delimited; clearly defined; showing clearly the outline or profile or boundary
  • definite - known for certain; precise; explicit and clearly defined
  • deformed - so badly formed or out of shape as to be ugly
  • deformity - an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed; an appearance that has been spoiled or is misshapen
  • degenerate - unrestrained by convention or morality; a person whose behavior deviates from what is acceptable especially in sexual behavior; grow worse
  • degenerative - (of illness) marked by gradual deterioration of organs and cells along with loss of function
  • deglutition - the act of swallowing
  • dehydrate - remove water from; preserve by removing all water and liquids from; lose water or moisture
  • dehydrated - suffering from excessive loss of water from the body: preserved by removing natural moisture
  • dehydration - the process of extracting moisture; depletion of bodily fluids; dryness resulting from the removal of water
  • dehydration - the process of extracting moisture; depletion of bodily fluids; dryness resulting from the removal of water
  • delayed - caused to be slower or later; not as far along as normal in development
  • deleterious - harmful to living things
  • delf - an excavation; usually a quarry or mine
  • delhi - a city in north central India
  • deli - a shop selling ready-to-eat food products
  • deliberately - with intention; in an intentional manner; in a deliberate unhurried manner
  • delirious - marked by uncontrolled excitement or emotion: experiencing delirium
  • delirium - a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations; state of violent mental agitation
  • delta - the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet; a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
  • delusional - suffering from or characterized by delusions
  • demanding - requiring more than usually expected or thought due; especially great patience and effort and skill
  • dementia - mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
  • demographic - of or relating to demography; a statistic characterizing human populations (or segments of human populations broken down by age or sex or income etc.)
  • demography - the branch of sociology that studies the characteristics of human populations
  • demulcent - having a softening or soothing effect especially to the skin; a medication (in the form of an oil or salve etc.) that soothes inflamed or injured skin
  • demyelination - loss of the myelin covering of some nerve fibers resulting in their impaired function
  • den - a room that is comfortable and secluded; a unit of 8 to 10 cub scouts; a hiding place; usually a remote place used by outlaws; the habitation of wild animals
  • denatured - changed in nature or natural quality
  • dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
  • dendritic - (neuroscience) of or relating to or resembling a dendrite
  • dengue - an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
  • denmark - a constitutional monarchy in northern Europe; consists of the mainland of Jutland and many islands between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea
  • density - the amount per unit size; the spatial property of being crowded together
  • dental - of or relating to the teeth; of or relating to dentistry; a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • dentin - bone (calcified tissue) surrounding the pulp cavity of a tooth; a calcareous material harder and denser than bone that comprises the bulk of a tooth
  • dentine - bone (calcified tissue) surrounding the pulp cavity of a tooth; a calcareous material harder and denser than bone that comprises the bulk of a tooth
  • dentist - a person qualified to practice dentistry
  • dentistry - the branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy and development and diseases of the teeth
  • dentition - the kind and number and arrangement of teeth (collectively) in a person or animal; the eruption through the gums of baby teeth
  • denture - a dental appliance that artificially replaces missing teeth
  • deodorant - a toiletry applied to the skin in order to mask unpleasant odors
  • deoxygenate - remove oxygen from (water)
  • dependant - addicted to a drug; contingent on something else; a person who relies on another person for support (especially financial support)
  • depilation - the act of removing hair (as from an animal skin); the condition of being void of hair
  • depletion - the act of decreasing something markedly; the state of being depleted
  • depressant - capable of depressing physiological or psychological activity or response by a chemical agent; a drug that reduces excitability and calms a person
  • depressive - causing or suggestive of sorrow or gloom; someone suffering psychological depression
  • deprivation - act of depriving someone of food or money or rights: the disadvantage that results from losing something; a state of extreme poverty
  • deprived - marked by deprivation especially of the necessities of life or healthful environmental influences
  • derangement - a state of mental disturbance and disorientation; the act of disturbing the mind or body
  • derived - formed or developed from something else; not original
  • derma - the deep vascular inner layer of the skin
  • dermal - of or relating to or located in the dermis; relating to or existing on or affecting the skin; of or relating to a cuticle or cuticula
  • dermatitis - inflammation of the skin; skin becomes itchy and may develop blisters
  • dermatological - of or relating to or practicing dermatology
  • dermatologist - a doctor who specializes in the physiology and pathology of the skin
  • dermatology - the branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases
  • dermatome - a surgical instrument used to cut very thin slices of skin
  • dermatomycosis - fungal infection of the skin (especially of moist parts covered by clothing)
  • dermatophytosis - fungal infection of the skin (especially of moist parts covered by clothing)
  • dermatosis - disorder involving lesions or eruptions of the skin (in which there is usually no inflammation)
  • dermis - the deep vascular inner layer of the skin
  • descendants - all of the offspring of a given progenitor
  • descending - coming down or downward
  • describe - give a description of; identify as in botany or biology, for example; to give an account or representation of in words; make a mark or lines on a surface
  • described - represented in words especially with sharpness and detail
  • description - sort or variety; a statement that represents something in words; the act of describing something
  • desensitisation - the process of reducing sensitivity
  • desensitise - make insensitive; cause not to be sensitive
  • desensitising - making less susceptible or sensitive to either physical or emotional stimuli
  • desensitization - the process of reducing sensitivity
  • desensitize - make insensitive; cause not to be sensitive
  • desirable - worth having or seeking or achieving; worthy of being chosen especially as a spouse
  • desired - greatly desired; wanted intensely
  • desk - a piece of furniture with a writing surface and usually drawers or other compartments
  • despite - contemptuous disregard; lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike
  • desquamate - peel off in scales
  • desquamation - loss of bits of outer skin by peeling or shedding or coming off in scales
  • destroy - put to death; destroy completely; damage irreparably; do away with, cause the destruction or undoing of; defeat soundly
  • destroyed - spoiled or ruined or demolished; destroyed physically or morally
  • destructive - causing destruction or much damage
  • detach - cause to become detached or separated; take off; come to be detached; separate (a small unit) from a larger, especially for a special assignment
  • detailed - developed or executed with care and in minute detail
  • details - true confidential information
  • detect - discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of
  • detected - perceived with the mind; perceived or discerned
  • detecting - a police investigation to determine the perpetrator
  • deteriorate - become worse or disintegrate; grow worse
  • deterioration - process of changing to an inferior state; a symptom of reduced quality or strength
  • determining - having the power or quality of deciding
  • deterrent - tending to deter; something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
  • detox - the hospital ward or clinic in which patients are detoxified: treat for alcohol or drug dependence
  • detritus - loose material (stone fragments and silt etc) that is worn away from rocks; the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up
  • detumescence - diminution of swelling; the subsidence of anything swollen
  • deuteranopia - dichromacy characterized by a lowered sensitivity to green light resulting in an inability to distinguish green and purplish-red
  • developmental - of or relating to or constituting development
  • deviance - deviate behavior; a state or condition markedly different from the norm
  • devices - an inclination or desire; used in the plural in the phrase `left to your own devices'
  • dexamethasone - a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
  • dextrocardia - abnormal condition where the heart is located toward the right side of the chest
  • dextrose - an isomer of glucose that is found in honey and sweet fruits
  • diabetes - any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
  • diabetic - suffering from diabetes; of or relating to or causing diabetes; someone who has diabetes
  • diagnose - determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a diagnostic analysis; subject to a medical analysis
  • diagnosing - identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • diagnosis - identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • diagnostic - characteristic or indicative of e.g. a disease; concerned with diagnosis; used for furthering diagnosis
  • diagonally - in a diagonal manner
  • dialyse - separate by dialysis
  • dialysis - separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes
  • diamine - any organic compound containing two amino groups
  • diapedesis - passage of blood cells (especially white blood cells) through intact capillary walls and into the surrounding tissue
  • diaphoresis - the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid
  • diaphoretic - inducing perspiration; used to produce perspiration
  • diaphyseal - relating to the diaphysis of a bone
  • diaphysis - the main (mid) section of a long bone
  • diarrhea - frequent and watery bowel movements; can be a symptom of infection or food poisoning or colitis or a gastrointestinal tumor
  • diarrhoea - frequent and watery bowel movements; can be a symptom of infection or food poisoning or colitis or a gastrointestinal tumor
  • diarrhoeal - of or relating to diarrhea
  • diarthrosis - a joint so articulated as to move freely
  • diastasis - separation of an epiphysis from the long bone to which it is normally attached without fracture of the bone
  • diastema - a gap or vacant space between two teeth
  • diastole - the widening of the chambers of the heart between two contractions when the chambers fill with blood
  • diastolic - of or relating to a diastole or happening during a diastole
  • diathermy - a method of physical therapy that involves generating local heat in body tissues by high-frequency electromagnetic currents
  • diathesis - constitutional predisposition to a particular disease or abnormality
  • diazoxide - vasodilator (trade name Hyperstat) used to treat severe hypertension
  • dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane - an insecticide that is also toxic to animals and humans; banned in the United States since 1972
  • dictionary - a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with information about them
  • diencephalon - the posterior division of the forebrain; connects the cerebral hemispheres with the mesencephalon
  • dietary - of or relating to the diet; a regulated daily food allowance
  • dietetic - of or relating to the diet
  • dietetics - the scientific study of food preparation and intake
  • dieting - the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods)
  • dietitian - a specialist in the study of nutrition
  • differently - in another and different manner
  • digested - capable of undergoing digestion
  • digestible - capable of being converted into assimilable condition in the alimentary canal
  • digestive - relating to or having the power to cause or promote digestion; any substance that promotes digestion
  • digital - of a circuit or device that represents magnitudes in digits: relating to or performed with the fingers; displaying numbers rather than scale positions
  • digitalin - a powerful cardiac stimulant obtained from foxglove
  • digitalis - a powerful cardiac stimulant obtained from foxglove; any of several plants of the genus Digitalis
  • digitalise - put into digital form, as for use in a computer
  • digitalize - administer digitalis such that the patient benefits maximally without getting adverse effects; put into digital form, as for use in a computer
  • digitoxin - digitalis preparation used to treat congestive heart failure or cardiac arrhythmia
  • digoxin - digitalis preparation (trade name Lanoxin) used to treat congestive heart failure or cardiac arrhythmia; helps the heart beat more forcefully
  • digs - temporary living quarters; an excavation for ore or precious stones or for archaeology
  • dilatation - the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions: the act of expanding an aperture
  • dilate - become wider; add details, as to an account or idea; clarify the meaning of and discourse in a learned way, usually in writing
  • dilated - made wider or larger in all dimensions
  • dilation - the act of expanding an aperture; a lengthy discussion (spoken or written) on a particular topic
  • diltiazem - a calcium blocker (trade name Cardizem) used in treating hypertension or angina or heart failure
  • diluent - a diluting agent
  • diluted - reduced in strength or concentration or quality or purity: made less strong or severe
  • dilution - weakening (reducing the concentration) by the addition of water or a thinner; a diluted solution
  • dimenhydrinate - antihistamine and antiemetic (trade name Dramamine) used to treat motion sickness
  • din - the act of making a noisy disturbance; a loud harsh or strident noise; instill (into a person) by constant repetition; make a resonant sound, like artillery
  • diopter - a unit of measurement of the refractive power of a lens which is equal to the reciprocal of the focal length measured in meters; used by oculists
  • dioptre - a unit of measurement of the refractive power of a lens which is equal to the reciprocal of the focal length measured in meters; used by oculists
  • dioxide - an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule
  • dioxin - any of several toxic or carcinogenic hydrocarbons that occur as impurities in herbicides
  • diplegia - paralysis of corresponding parts on both sides of the body
  • diplococcus - Gram-positive bacteria usually occurring in pairs
  • diploma - a document certifying the successful completion of a course of study
  • diplopia - visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects
  • dipsomania - an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
  • directed - manageable by a supervising agent; (often used in combination) having a specified direction
  • directing - showing the way by conducting or leading; imposing direction on
  • dis - god of the underworld; counterpart of Greek Pluto
  • disability - the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
  • disable - injure permanently; make unable to perform a certain action
  • disablement - the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
  • disabling - depriving of legal right; rendering legally disqualified: that cripples or disables or incapacitates
  • disadvantage - the quality of having an inferior or less favorable position; put at a disadvantage; hinder, harm
  • disappear - get lost, as without warning or explanation; become less intense and fade away gradually; cease to exist; become invisible or unnoticeable
  • disappearance - the act of leaving secretly or without explanation: the event of passing out of sight; ceasing to exist; gradually ceasing to be visible
  • disappearing - quickly going away and passing out of sight; the act of leaving secretly or without explanation
  • disappointing - not up to expectations
  • disaster - an act that has disastrous consequences; an event resulting in great loss and misfortune; a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune
  • discarded - thrown away
  • discern - detect with the senses
  • discharged - having lost your job; set free as from prison or duty
  • disciplinary - relating to a specific field of academic study; relating to discipline in behavior; designed to promote discipline
  • discolor - change color, often in an undesired manner; cause to lose or change color; lose color or turn colorless
  • discoloration - the act of changing the natural color of something by making it duller or dingier or unnatural or faded; a soiled or discolored appearance
  • discolour - change color, often in an undesired manner
  • discoloured - having the color spoiled with spots or streaks
  • discomfort - an uncomfortable feeling of mental painfulness or distress; the state of being tense and feeling pain
  • disconnection - the act of breaking a connection; an unbridgeable disparity (as from a failure of understanding); state of being disconnected
  • discouraged - lacking in resolution; made less hopeful or enthusiastic
  • discrete - constituting a separate entity or part
  • discuss - speak with others about (something); talk (something) over in detail; have a discussion; to consider or examine in speech or writing
  • discussion - an extended communication (often interactive) dealing with some particular topic; an exchange of views on some topic
  • disease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • disease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • diseased - caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology
  • disfigure - mar or spoil the appearance of
  • disfigured - having the appearance spoiled
  • disfigurement - an appearance that has been spoiled or is misshapen; the act of damaging the appearance or surface of something
  • disgusting - highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust
  • disinfect - destroy microorganisms or pathogens by cleansing
  • disinfection - treatment to destroy harmful microorganisms
  • disinfest - rid of vermin
  • disinfestation - the activity of getting rid of vermin
  • disintegrate - break into parts or components or lose cohesion or unity; lose a stored charge, magnetic flux, or current; cause to undergo fission or lose particles.
  • dislike - a feeling of aversion or antipathy; an inclination to withhold approval from some person or group; have or feel a dislike or distaste for
  • dislocate - put out of its usual place, position, or relationship; move out of position
  • dislocated - separated at the joint
  • dismember - separate the limbs from the body; divide into pieces
  • dismemberment - the removal of limbs; being cut to pieces
  • disordered - not arranged in order; lacking orderly continuity: thrown into a state of disarray or confusion
  • disorganised - lacking order or methodical arrangement or function
  • dispensary - clinic where medicine and medical supplies are dispensed
  • dispense - grant a dispensation; grant an exemption; give or apply (medications); administer or bestow, as in small portions
  • dispenser - a container so designed that the contents can be used in prescribed amounts; a person who dispenses
  • disperse - move away from each other; to cause to separate and go in different directions; cause to separate; cause to become widely known; distribute loosely
  • dispersed - distributed or spread over a considerable extent
  • disposable - designed to be disposed of after use; free or available for use or disposition; an item that can be disposed of after it has been used
  • disproportion - lack of proportion; imbalance among the parts of something
  • dispute - coming into conflict with; a disagreement or argument about something important; have a disagreement over something: take exception to
  • disrupted - marked by breaks or gaps
  • disruptive - characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination
  • dissatisfaction - the feeling of being displeased and discontent
  • dissect - cut open or cut apart; make a mathematical, chemical, or grammatical analysis of; break down into components or essential features
  • dissociative - tending to produce dissociation
  • dissolved - (of solid matter) reduced to a liquid form
  • dissolving - causing to dissolve; the process of going into solution
  • distal - situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone; directed away from the midline or mesial plane of the body
  • distally - far from the center
  • distended - abnormally expanded or increased in size; (`swollen' is sometimes used in combination); abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas
  • distension - the act of expanding by pressure from within; the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions
  • distinctive - of a feature that helps to distinguish a person or thing: capable of being classified
  • distinguishing - serving to distinguish or identify a species or group
  • distorted - having an intended meaning altered or misrepresented: so badly formed or out of shape as to be ugly; strained or wrenched out of normal shape
  • distressing - causing distress or worry or anxiety; bad; unfortunate
  • district - a region marked off for administrative or other purposes: regulate housing in; of certain areas of towns
  • disturb - damage as if by shaking or jarring; move deeply; destroy the peace or tranquility of; tamper with; change the arrangement or position of
  • disturbing - causing distress or worry or anxiety
  • disulfiram - a drug (trade name Antabuse) used in the treatment of alcoholism; causes nausea and vomiting if alcohol is ingested
  • diuresis - increased secretion of urine; if not due to increased liquid intake or to the action of a diuretic drug it can be a symptom of diabetes mellitus
  • diuretic - any substance that tends to increase the flow of urine
  • diurnal - having a daily cycle or occurring every day; belonging to or active during the day
  • divarication - branching at a wide angle
  • divergent - tending to move apart in different directions; diverging from another or from a standard
  • diverticulosis - presence of multiple diverticula in the walls of the colon
  • diverticulum - a herniation through the muscular wall of a tubular organ (especially the colon)
  • dividing - serving simply to separate or partition; serving to divide or marking a division
  • divorce - the legal dissolution of a marriage; get a divorce; formally terminate a marriage; part; cease or break association with
  • dizygotic - derived from two separately fertilized eggs
  • dizziness - a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
  • dizzy - having or causing a whirling sensation; liable to falling: lacking seriousness; given to frivolity; make dizzy or giddy
  • dj - a person who announces and plays popular recorded music: comment on music to be played
  • dl - a metric unit of volume equal to one tenth of a liter
  • dm - a metric unit of length equal to one tenth of a meter; diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
  • dmd - a doctor's degree in dental medicine
  • documented - furnished with or supported by documents; officially documented; established as genuine
  • dolichocephalic - having a relatively long head with a cephalic index of under 75; an adult with a long narrow head
  • dolichocephaly - the quality of being dolichocephalic
  • dolor - (poetry) painful grief
  • domiciliary - of or relating to or provided in a domicile
  • dominated - controlled or ruled by superior authority or power: harassed by persistent nagging
  • donate - give to a charity or good cause
  • donated - given freely especially to a cause or fund
  • done - cooked until ready to serve; having finished or arrived at completion
  • donor - person who makes a gift of property; (medicine) someone who gives blood or tissue or an organ to be used in another person (the host)
  • donor - person who makes a gift of property; (medicine) someone who gives blood or tissue or an organ to be used in another person (the host)
  • dopa - amino acid that is formed in the liver and converted into dopamine in the brain
  • doppler - Austrian physicist famous for his discovery of the Doppler effect (1803-1853)
  • dormant - inactive but capable of becoming active; of e.g. volcanos; not erupting and not extinct; in a condition of biological rest or suspended animation
  • dorsal - belonging to or on or near the back or upper surface of an animal or organ or part; facing away from the axis of an organ or organism
  • dorsiflexion - the act of bending backward (of the body or a body part)
  • dorsoventral - extending from the back to the belly
  • dosage - the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time
  • dosimeter - a measuring instrument for measuring doses of ionizing radiation (X-rays or radioactivity)
  • dosimetry - measuring the dose of radiation emitted by a radioactive source
  • doubly - to double the degree; in a twofold manner
  • doubtful - fraught with uncertainty or doubt; open to doubt or suspicion; unsettled in mind or opinion
  • downstairs - on or of lower floors of a building; on a floor below
  • downward - extending or moving from a higher to a lower place: spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position
  • downwards - spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position
  • doxepin - a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Adapin and Sinequan) with numerous side effects (dry mouth and sedation and gastrointestinal disturbances)
  • doxycycline - an antibiotic derived from tetracycline that is effective against many infections
  • doze - a light fitful sleep; sleep lightly or for a short period of time
  • dozens - a large number or amount
  • dozy - half asleep
  • dracunculus - type genus of the family Dracunculidae; tuberous herbaceous perennials: dragon arum
  • dragee - pill that is a sugar-coated medicated candy; sugar-coated nut or fruit piece; silvery candy beads used for decorating cakes
  • drainage - emptying something accomplished by allowing liquid to run out of it
  • drained - emptied or exhausted of (as by drawing off e.g. water or other liquid); drained of electric charge; discharged; very tired
  • draining - having a debilitating effect
  • dreamer - someone who is dreaming; a person who escapes into a world of fantasy; someone guided more by ideals than by practical considerations
  • dreaming - a series of mental images and emotions occurring during sleep; imaginative thoughts indulged in while awake
  • dresden - a city in southeastern Germany on the Elbe River; it was almost totally destroyed by British air raids in 1945
  • dribbling - the propulsion of a ball by repeated taps or kicks
  • dried - preserved by removing natural moisture; not still wet
  • drier - an appliance that removes moisture; a substance that promotes drying (e.g., calcium oxide absorbs water and is used to remove moisture)
  • drilled - trained in a skill by repetitious practice
  • drinker - a person who drinks alcoholic beverages (especially to excess); a person who drinks liquids
  • drinking - the act of consuming liquids; the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess
  • driven - urged or forced to action through moral pressure: compelled forcibly by an outside agency; strongly motivated to succeed
  • drooping - hanging down (as from exhaustion or weakness); weak from exhaustion; having branches or flower heads that bend downward
  • droplet - a tiny drop
  • dropped - (used of a mammal) born
  • dropper - pipet consisting of a small tube with a vacuum bulb at one end for drawing liquid in and releasing it a drop at a time
  • dropsy - swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • drowsiness - a very sleepy state
  • drowsy - showing lack of attention or boredom; half asleep
  • drug - a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic: administer a drug to; use recreational drugs
  • drunk - stupefied or excited by a chemical substance (especially alcohol); as if under the influence of alcohol; someone who is intoxicated; a chronic drinker
  • dts - acute delirium caused by alcohol poisoning
  • dublin - capital and largest city and major port of the Irish Free State
  • ductless - not having a duct
  • ductule - a very small duct
  • dulled - deprived of color; having lost or been caused to lose interest because of overexposure; made dull or blunt
  • dumbness - the quality of being mentally slow and limited
  • dumping - selling goods abroad at a price below that charged in the domestic market
  • duo - a musical composition for two performers; a pair who associate with one another; two performers or singers who perform together; two items of the same kind
  • duodenal - in or relating to the duodenum
  • duodenum - the part of the small intestine between the stomach and the jejunum
  • dura - the outermost (and toughest) of the 3 meninges
  • dural - of or relating to the dura mater
  • duration - continuance in time; the property of enduring or continuing in time; the period of time during which something continues
  • dutch - of or relating to the Netherlands or its people or culture; the West Germanic language of the Netherlands; the people of the Netherlands
  • dwarfism - a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
  • dye - a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair; color with dye
  • dying - in or associated with the process of passing from life or ceasing to be; eagerly desirous; the time when something ends
  • dynamometer - measuring instrument designed to measure power
  • dysarthria - impaired articulatory ability resulting from defects in the peripheral motor nerves or in the speech musculature
  • dyschezia - difficulty in defecating (usually as a consequence of long continued voluntary suppression of the urge to defecate)
  • dyscrasia - an abnormal or physiologically unbalanced state of the body
  • dysentery - an infection of the intestines marked by severe diarrhea
  • dysfunction - (medicine) any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part
  • dysfunctional - (of a trait or condition) failing to serve an adjustive purpose; impaired in function; especially of a bodily system or organ
  • dysgenesis - infertility between hybrids
  • dysgraphia - impaired ability to learn to write
  • dyskinesia - abnormality in performing voluntary muscle movements
  • dyslexia - impaired ability to learn to read
  • dyslexic - of or relating to or symptomatic of dyslexia; having impaired ability to comprehend written words usually associated with a neurologic disorder
  • dyslogia - impaired ability to express ideas verbally; usually resulting from difficulties of reasoning (as in feeblemindedness or certain psychoses)
  • dyspepsia - a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea
  • dyspeptic - suffering from dyspepsia; irritable as if suffering from indigestion; a person suffering from indigestion
  • dysphagia - condition in which swallowing is difficult or painful
  • dysphasia - an impairment of language (especially speech production) that is usually due to brain damage
  • dysphonia - speech disorder attributable to a disorder of phonation
  • dysplasia - abnormal development (of organs or cells) or an abnormal structure resulting from such growth
  • dyspnoea - difficult or labored respiration
  • dyspnoeic - not breathing or able to breathe except with difficulty
  • dyssynergia - inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
  • dysuria - painful or difficult urination
  • dysuria - painful or difficult urination
  • each - (used of count nouns) every one considered individually; to or from every one of two or more (considered individually)
  • earache - an ache localized in the middle or inner ear
  • eardrum - the membrane in the ear that vibrates to sound
  • earlier - (comparative and superlative of `early') more early than; most early; earlier in time; previously; before now; comparatives of `soon' or `early'
  • earwax - a soft yellow wax secreted by glands in the ear canal
  • easily - without question; with ease (`easy' is sometimes used informally for `easily'); indicating high probability; in all likelihood
  • easing - the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or annoyance); a change for the better
  • eating - the act of consuming food
  • eats - informal terms for a meal
  • eburnation - a change that occurs in degenerative joint disease in which bone is converted into a dense smooth substance resembling ivory
  • eccrine - (of exocrine glands) producing a clear aqueous secretion without releasing part of the secreting cell; important in regulating body temperature
  • eccyesis - pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus
  • ecdysis - periodic shedding of the cuticle in arthropods or the outer skin in reptiles
  • ecg - a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • echinococcosis - infestation with larval echinococci (tapeworms)
  • echinococcus - tapeworms whose larvae are parasitic in humans and domestic animals
  • echocardiogram - a graphical image of the heart produced by an echocardiograph
  • echocardiography - a noninvasive diagnostic procedure that uses ultrasound to study to structure and motions of the heart
  • echoencephalography - a noninvasive diagnostic procedure that uses ultrasound to study the anatomy of the brain
  • echovirus - any of a group of viruses associated with various diseases including viral meningitis and mild respiratory disorders and diarrhea in newborn infants
  • eclampsia - a toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly coma during or immediately after pregnancy
  • ecology - the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment; the environment as it relates to living organisms
  • economics - the branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management
  • ecstasy - a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion; a state of elated bliss; street names for methylenedioxymethamphetamine
  • ect - the administration of a strong electric current that passes through the brain to induce convulsions and coma
  • ectasia - dilatation or distension of a hollow organ
  • ectoderm - the outer germ layer that develops into skin and nervous tissue
  • ectodermal - of or relating to the ectoderm
  • ectoparasite - any external parasitic organism (as fleas)
  • ectopia - abnormal position of a part or organ (especially at the time of birth)
  • ectopic - exhibiting ectopia
  • ectrodactyly - congenital abnormality involving the absence of some fingers or toes
  • eczema - generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin; particularly with vesiculation in the acute stages
  • ed - impotence resulting from a man's inability to have or maintain an erection of his penis
  • edema - swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • edematous - swollen with an excessive accumulation of fluid
  • edentulous - having lost teeth
  • edible - suitable for use as food; any substance that can be used as food
  • edinburgh - the capital of Scotland; located in the Lothian Region on the south side of the Firth of Forth
  • edited - improved or corrected by critical editing
  • educate - give an education to; train to be discriminative in taste or judgment; create by training and teaching
  • educated - possessing an education (especially having more than average knowledge); having or based on relevant experience
  • educational - providing knowledge; relating to the process of education
  • edwards - American theologian whose sermons and writings stimulated a period of renewed interest in religion in America (1703-1758)
  • edwin - king of Northumbria who was converted to Christianity (585-633)
  • eeg - a graphical record of electrical activity of the brain; produced by an electroencephalograph
  • effectively - in actuality or reality or fact; in an effective manner
  • effectiveness - power to be effective; the quality of being able to bring about an effect; capacity to produce strong physiological or chemical effects
  • effects - property of a personal character that is portable but not used in business
  • efferent - of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying information away from the CNS; a nerve that conveys impulses toward or to muscles or glands
  • efficacy - capacity or power to produce a desired effect
  • efficiency - skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort; the ratio of the output to the input of any system
  • efficient - being effective without wasting time or effort or expense: able to accomplish a purpose; functioning effectively
  • efficiently - in an efficient manner
  • effleurage - a rhythmic stroking
  • effluent - that is flowing outward; water mixed with waste matter
  • effusion - flow under pressure; an unrestrained expression of emotion
  • eggs - oval reproductive body of a fowl (especially a hen) used as food
  • ego - (psychoanalysis) the conscious mind; an inflated feeling of pride in your superiority to others; your consciousness of your own identity
  • eidetic - of visual imagery of almost photographic accuracy
  • eighteen - being one more than seventeen; the cardinal number that is the sum of seventeen and one
  • eighth - coming next after the seventh and just before the ninth in position; position eight in a countable series of things; one part in eight equal parts
  • eighty - being ten more than seventy; the cardinal number that is the product of ten and eight
  • either - after a negative statement used as an intensive meaning something like `likewise' or `also'
  • ejaculate - the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract; eject semen; utter impulsively
  • ejaculation - an abrupt emphatic exclamation expressing emotion: the discharge of semen in males
  • ejection - the act of forcing out someone or something; the act of expelling or projecting or ejecting
  • ekg - a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • elasticity - the tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed
  • elastin - a fibrous scleroprotein found in elastic tissues such as the walls of arteries
  • elation - a feeling of joy and pride; an exhilarating psychological state of pride and optimism; an absence of depression
  • eld - a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises; a late time of life
  • elderly - advanced in years; (`aged' is pronounced as two syllables): people who are old collectively
  • eldest - first in order of birth; the offspring who came first in the order of birth
  • elective - subject to popular election; not compulsory; a course that the student can select from among alternatives
  • electrical - relating to or concerned with electricity; using or providing or producing or transmitting or operated by electricity
  • electrically - by electricity
  • electrocardiogram - a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • electrocardiograph - medical instrument that records electric currents associated with contractions of the heart
  • electrocardiography - diagnostic procedure consisting of recording the activity of the heart electronically with a cardiograph (and producing a cardiogram)
  • electrocautery - application of a needle heated by an electric current to destroy tissue (as to remove warts)
  • electrochemical - of or involving electrochemistry
  • electrode - a conductor used to make electrical contact with some part of a circuit
  • electroencephalogram - a graphical record of electrical activity of the brain; produced by an electroencephalograph
  • electroencephalograph - medical instrument that records electric currents generated by the brain
  • electrolyte - a solution that conducts electricity
  • electromagnetic - pertaining to or exhibiting magnetism produced by electric charge in motion
  • electromyogram - a graphical record of electric currents associated with muscle contractions
  • electromyography - diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders with the use of an electromyograph
  • electron - an elementary particle with negative charge
  • electronically - by electronic means
  • electroretinogram - a graphical recording of the electrical activity of the retina that results when light is flashed into the eye
  • electrosurgery - surgery performed with electrical devices (as in electrocautery)
  • electrotherapy - the therapeutic application of electricity to the body (as in the treatment of various forms of paralysis)
  • elements - violent or severe weather (viewed as caused by the action of the four elements)
  • elephantiasis - hypertrophy of certain body parts (usually legs and scrotum); the end state of the disease filariasis
  • elevate - raise in rank or condition; raise from a lower to a higher position; give a promotion to or assign to a higher position
  • eleven - being one more than ten; the cardinal number that is the sum of ten and one; a team that plays football
  • eleventh - coming next after the tenth and just before the twelfth in position; position 11 in a countable series of things
  • elf - (folklore) fairies that are somewhat mischievous; below 3 kilohertz
  • ellison - United States novelist who wrote about a young Black man and his struggles in American society (1914-1994)
  • elsewhere - in or to another place
  • em - a linear unit (1/6 inch) used in printing; the square of a body of any size of type
  • emaciated - very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
  • emaciation - extreme leanness (usually caused by starvation or disease)
  • emasculation - loss of power and masculinity; neutering a male animal by removing the testicles
  • embalm - preserve a dead body
  • embolectomy - surgical removal of an embolus (usually from an artery)
  • embolic - of or relating to an embolism or embolus
  • embolism - occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus (a loose clot or air bubble or other particle); an insertion into a calendar
  • embolism - occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus (a loose clot or air bubble or other particle); an insertion into a calendar
  • embolus - an abnormal particle (e.g. an air bubble or part of a clot) circulating in the blood
  • embrocation - a medicinal liquid that is rubbed into the skin to relieve muscular stiffness and pain
  • embryology - the branch of biology that studies the formation and early development of living organisms
  • embryonic - in an early stage of development; of an organism prior to birth or hatching
  • emergence - the act of emerging; the becoming visible; the gradual beginning or coming forth; the act of coming (or going) out; becoming apparent
  • emesis - the reflex act of ejecting the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • emetic - a medicine that induces nausea and vomiting
  • emf - the rate at which energy is drawn from a source that produces a flow of electricity in a circuit; expressed in volts
  • emg - a graphical record of electric currents associated with muscle contractions
  • emile - the boy whose upbringing was described by Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • eminence - high status importance owing to marked superiority; a protuberance on a bone especially for attachment of a muscle or ligament
  • emissary - someone sent on a mission to represent the interests of someone else
  • emmenagogue - any agent that promotes menstrual discharge
  • emmetropia - (ophthalmology) the normal refractive condition of the eye in which there is clear focus of light on the retina
  • emotion - any strong feeling
  • emotionally - with regard to emotions; in an emotional manner
  • empathy - understanding and entering into another's feelings
  • emphasise - to stress, single out as important; give extra weight to (a communication)
  • emphysema - an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
  • empirical - derived from experiment and observation rather than theory; relying on medical quackery
  • employed - having your services engaged for; or having a job especially one that pays wages or a salary; put to use
  • employee - a worker who is hired to perform a job
  • employer - a person or firm that employs workers
  • employment - the occupation for which you are paid; the act of giving someone a job; the state of being employed or having a job: the act of using
  • empowerment - the act of conferring legality or sanction or formal warrant
  • emptying - the act of removing the contents of something
  • empyema - a collection of pus in a body cavity (especially in the lung cavity)
  • en - half the width of an em
  • enable - render capable or able for some task
  • enanthema - eruption on a mucous membrane (as the inside of the mouth) occurring as a symptom of a disease
  • enarthrosis - a freely moving joint in which a sphere on the head of one bone fits into a rounded cavity in the other bone
  • encephalocele - protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
  • encephalography - roentgenography of the brain after spinal fluid has been replaced by a gas (usually oxygen); produces an encephalogram
  • encephalomyelitis - inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
  • encephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
  • encephalopathy - any disorder or disease of the brain
  • enchondroma - benign slow-growing tumor of cartilaginous cells at the ends of tubular bones (especially in the hands and feet)
  • enclosed - closed in or surrounded or included within
  • enclosing - the act of enclosing something inside something else
  • encopresis - involuntary defecation not attributable to physical defects or illness
  • encourage - spur on; inspire with confidence; give hope or courage to; contribute to the progress or growth of
  • encouraged - inspired with confidence
  • encouraging - giving courage or confidence or hope; furnishing support and encouragement
  • encysted - enclosed in (or as if in) a cyst
  • endanger - pose a threat to; present a danger to; put in a dangerous, disadvantageous, or difficult position
  • endarterectomy - surgical removal of the inner lining of an artery that is clogged with atherosclerosis
  • endarteritis - inflammation of the inner lining of an artery
  • ended - having come or been brought to a conclusion
  • endocarditis - inflammation of the endocardium and heart valves
  • endocardium - the membrane that lines the cavities of the heart and forms part of the heart valves
  • endocervicitis - inflammation of the mucous lining of the uterine cervix
  • endocrinologist - physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the endocrine system
  • endocrinology - the branch of medicine dealing with the endocrine glands and their secretions
  • endoderm - the inner germ layer that develops into the lining of the digestive and respiratory systems
  • endodontia - the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the dental pulp
  • endogenous - derived or originating internally; of or resembling an endogen
  • endolymph - the bodily fluid that fills the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear
  • endometrial - of or relating to the endometrium
  • endometriosis - the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea
  • endometritis - inflammation of the lining of the uterus (of the endometrium)
  • endoneurium - delicate connective tissue around individual nerve fibers in nerve
  • endoparasite - any of various parasites that live in the internal organs of animals (especially intestinal worms)
  • endorphin - a neurochemical occurring naturally in the brain and having analgesic properties
  • endoscope - a long slender medical instrument for examining the interior of a bodily organ or performing minor surgery
  • endoscopic - of or relating to endoscopy
  • endoscopy - visual examination of the interior of a hollow body organ by use of an endoscope
  • endoskeleton - the internal skeleton; bony and cartilaginous structure (especially of vertebrates)
  • endosteum - vascular membrane that lines the inner surface of long bones
  • endothelial - of or relating to or located in the endothelium
  • endothelium - an epithelium of mesoblastic origin; a thin layer of flattened cells that lines the inside of some body cavities
  • endotoxin - a toxin that is confined inside the microorganisms and is released only when the microorganisms are broken down or die
  • enema - injection of a liquid through the anus to stimulate evacuation; sometimes used for diagnostic purposes
  • energetic - possessing or exerting or displaying energy; working hard to promote an enterprise
  • enervation - lack of vitality; serious weakening and loss of energy
  • england - a division of the United Kingdom
  • engorged - overfull as with blood
  • engorgement - eating ravenously or voraciously to satiation: congestion with blood
  • enhance - increase; make better or more attractive
  • enjoy - have benefit from; derive or receive pleasure from; get enjoyment from; take pleasure in; have for one's benefit; take delight in; get pleasure from
  • enjoyable - affording satisfaction or pleasure
  • enkephalin - an endorphin having opiate qualities that occurs in the brain and spinal cord and elsewhere
  • enormously - extremely
  • enough - enough to meet a purpose; as much as necessary; an adequate quantity; a quantity that is large enough to achieve a purpose
  • enquiry - a systematic investigation of a matter of public interest; a search for knowledge; an instance of questioning
  • enrolled - officially entered in a roll or list
  • ensiform - shaped like a sword blade
  • ensue - issue or terminate (in a specified way, state, etc.); end
  • ensure - be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; make certain of
  • enteral - of or relating to or inside the intestines; of or relating to the enteron
  • enteric - of or relating to the enteron; of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • entering - the act of entering; a movement into or inward
  • enteritis - inflammation of the intestine (especially the small intestine); usually characterized by diarrhea
  • enterobacteria - rod-shaped Gram-negative bacteria; most occur normally or pathogenically in intestines of humans and other animals
  • enterobiasis - an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by the pinworm Enterobius vermicularis; occurs especially in children
  • enterobius - pinworms
  • enterolith - a calculus occurring in the intestines
  • enteron - the alimentary canal (especially of an embryo or a coelenterate)
  • enteropathy - a disease of the intestinal tract
  • enteroptosis - an abnormally downward position of the intestines in the abdominal cavity
  • enterostomy - surgical operation that creates a permanent opening through the abdominal wall into the intestine
  • enterotomy - surgical operation that creates a permanent opening through the abdominal wall into the intestine
  • enterotoxin - a cytotoxin specific for the cells of the intestinal mucosa
  • enterovirus - any of a group of picornaviruses that infect the gastrointestinal tract and can spread to other areas (especially the nervous system)
  • entirely - without any others being included or involved; to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly')
  • entitled - qualified for by right according to law; given a title or identifying name
  • entity - that which is perceived or known or inferred to have its own distinct existence (living or nonliving)
  • entoderm - the inner germ layer that develops into the lining of the digestive and respiratory systems
  • entrance - the act of entering; something that provides access (to get in or get out); a movement into or inward; put into a trance: attract; cause to be enamored
  • entrapment - a defense that claims the defendant would not have broken the law if not tricked into doing it by law enforcement officials
  • enucleate - remove (a tumor or eye) from an enveloping sac or cover; remove the nucleus from (a cell)
  • enucleation - surgical removal of something without cutting into it
  • enuresis - inability to control the flow of urine and involuntary urination
  • environment - the area in which something exists or lives; the totality of surrounding conditions
  • environment - the area in which something exists or lives; the totality of surrounding conditions
  • environmental - concerned with the ecological effects of altering the environment; of or relating to the external conditions or surroundings
  • enzymatic - of or relating to or produced by an enzyme
  • enzyme - any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
  • eosin - a red fluorescent dye resulting from the action of bromine on fluorescein; used in cosmetics and as a biological stain for studying cell structures
  • eosinopenia - a decrease in the number of eosinophils in the blood
  • eosinophil - a leukocyte readily stained with eosin
  • eosinophilia - a symptom of allergic states; increased eosinophils in the blood
  • ependyma - thin epithelial membrane lining the ventricles of the brain and the spinal cord canal
  • epicanthus - a vertical fold of skin over the nasal canthus; normal for Mongolian peoples; sometimes occurs in Down's syndrome
  • epicardium - the innermost of the two layers of the pericardium
  • epicondyle - a projection on a bone above a condyle serving for the attachment of muscles and ligaments
  • epicondylitis - painful inflammation of the muscles and soft tissues around an epicondyle
  • epicranium - the muscle and aponeurosis and skin covering the cranium
  • epidemiological - of or relating to epidemiology
  • epidemiologist - a medical scientist who studies the transmission and control of epidemic diseases
  • epidemiology - the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
  • epidermal - of or relating to a cuticle or cuticula
  • epidermis - the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates
  • epididymis - a convoluted tubule in each testis; carries sperm to vas deferens
  • epididymitis - painful inflammation of the epididymis
  • epigastric - lying on or over the stomach; of or relating to the anterior walls of the abdomen
  • epigastrium - the region lying on or over the stomach (just below the sternum)
  • epiglottis - a flap of cartilage that covers the windpipe while swallowing
  • epiglottitis - inflammation of the epiglottis; characterized by fever and a severe sore throat and difficulty in swallowing
  • epilation - loss of hair; the result of removing hair; the act of removing hair (as from an animal skin)
  • epilepsy - a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
  • epilepsy - a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
  • epileptic - of or relating to or characteristic of epilepsy; a person who has epilepsy
  • epileptic - of or relating to or characteristic of epilepsy; a person who has epilepsy
  • epinephrine - a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • epiphenomenon - a secondary phenomenon that is a by-product of another phenomenon
  • epiphora - repetition of the ends of two or more successive sentences, verses, etc.
  • epiphyseal - relating to the epiphysis of a bone
  • episcleritis - inflammation of the sclera of the eye
  • episiotomy - surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth
  • epispadias - a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
  • epistaxis - bleeding from the nose
  • epithelial - of or belonging to the epithelium
  • epithelioma - a malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue
  • epithelium - membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal surfaces of the body
  • eponym - the name derived from a person (real or imaginary); the person for whom something is named
  • epstein - British sculptor (born in the United States) noted for busts and large controversial works (1880-1959)
  • equality - the quality of being the same in quantity or measure or value or status; a state of being essentially equal or equivalent; equally balanced
  • equally - to the same degree (often followed by `as'); in equal amounts or shares; in a balanced or impartial way
  • equipment - an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service
  • eradicate - kill in large numbers; destroy completely, as if down to the roots
  • eradication - the complete destruction of every trace of something
  • erect - upright in position or posture; of sexual organs; stiff and rigid: construct, build, or erect; cause to rise up
  • erection - a structure that has been erected; an erect penis; the act of building or putting up
  • erethism - an abnormally high degree of irritability or sensitivity to stimulation of an organ or body part
  • erg - a cgs unit of work or energy; the work done by a force of one dyne acting over a distance of one centimeter
  • ergonomic - of or relating to ergonomics
  • ergonomics - the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments
  • ergotamine - an alkaloid derived from ergot that is less toxic than ergot; causes constriction of blood vessels and is used to treat migraine
  • ernst - painter (born in Germany, resident of France and the United States) who was a cofounder of dadaism; developed the technique of collage (1891-1976)
  • erogenous - sensitive to sexual stimulation
  • erotic - giving sexual pleasure; sexually arousing; an erotic person
  • eructation - a reflex that expels wind noisily from the stomach through the mouth; (of volcanos) pouring out fumes of lava (or a deposit so formed)
  • erysipelas - an acute streptococcal infection characterized by deep-red inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes
  • erythema - abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels (as in sunburn or inflammation)
  • erythematous - relating to or characterized by erythema
  • erythroblast - a nucleated cell in bone marrow from which red blood cells develop
  • erythroblastosis - a blood disease characterized by the abnormal presence of erythroblasts in the blood
  • erythrocyte - a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the bodily tissues; a biconcave disc that has no nucleus
  • erythroderma - any skin disorder involving abnormal redness
  • erythropoiesis - the process of producing red blood cells by the stem cells in the bone marrow
  • erythropoietin - a glycoprotein secreted by the kidneys that stimulates the production of red blood cells
  • es - a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons
  • escaped - having escaped, especially from confinement
  • eschar - a dry scab formed on the skin following a burn or cauterization of the skin
  • escherichia - a genus of enteric bacteria
  • esophageal - relating to the esophagus
  • esophagus - the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • esotropia - strabismus in which one or both eyes turn inward toward the nose
  • especially - to a distinctly greater extent or degree than is common: in a special manner
  • est - standard time in the 5th time zone west of Greenwich, reckoned at the 75th meridian; used in the eastern United States
  • ester - formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water
  • estonia - a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea
  • estradiol - the most powerful female hormone that occurs naturally; synthesized and used to treat estrogen deficiency and breast cancer
  • estriol - a naturally occurring estrogenic hormone; a synthetic form is used to treat estrogen deficiency
  • estrogen - a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
  • estrogenic - relating to or caused by estrogen
  • estrone - a naturally occurring weak estrogenic hormone secreted by the mammalian ovary; synthesized (trade name Estronol) and used to treat estrogen deficiency
  • ethics - the philosophical study of moral values and rules: motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
  • ethmoid - one of the eight bones of the cranium; a small bone filled with air spaces that forms part of the eye sockets and the nasal cavity
  • ethyl - the univalent hydrocarbon radical C2H5 derived from ethane by the removal of one hydrogen atom
  • etiology - the philosophical study of causation; the cause of a disease
  • eubacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
  • eucalyptus - a tree of the genus Eucalyptus; wood of any of various eucalyptus trees valued as timber
  • eugenics - the study of methods of improving genetic qualities by selective breeding (especially as applied to human mating)
  • eunuch - a man who has been castrated and is incapable of reproduction
  • euphemistic - of an inoffensive substitute for offensive terminology
  • euphoria - a feeling of great (usually exaggerated) elation
  • eustachio - Italian anatomist who was one of the fathers of modern anatomy; noted for descriptions of the ear and the heart (1520-1574)
  • euthanasia - the act of killing someone painlessly (especially someone suffering from an incurable illness)
  • ev - a unit of energy equal to the work done by an electron accelerated through a potential difference of 1 volt
  • evacuant - strongly laxative
  • evaluate - form a critical opinion of; place a value on; judge the worth of something
  • evaluation - act of ascertaining or fixing the value or worth of; an appraisal of the value of something
  • evaporation - the process of extracting moisture; the process of becoming a vapor
  • eventration - protrusion of the intestine through the abdominal wall
  • eventually - within an indefinite time or at an unspecified future time; after a long period of time or an especially long delay
  • ever - at any time; (intensifier for adjectives) very; at all times; all the time and on every occasion
  • eversion - the position of being turned outward; the act of turning inside out
  • everyday - commonplace and ordinary; found in the ordinary course of events; suited for everyday use
  • everywhere - to or in any or all places
  • exacerbate - exasperate or irritate; make worse
  • exacerbating - making worse
  • exacerbation - violent and bitter exasperation; action that makes a problem or a disease (or its symptoms) worse
  • exactly - indicating exactness or preciseness; in a precise manner: just as it should be
  • exam - a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge
  • exanthem - eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
  • excavator - a workman who excavates for foundations of buildings or for quarrying; a machine for excavating
  • exceed - go beyond; go beyond; be or do something to a greater degree
  • excellence - the quality of excelling; possessing good qualities in high degree; an outstanding feature; something in which something or someone excels
  • except - prevent from being included or considered or accepted: take exception to
  • exception - a deliberate act of omission; an instance that does not conform to a rule or generalization; grounds for adverse criticism
  • excessive - beyond normal limits; unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings
  • excessively - to an excessive degree
  • exchanged - changed for (replaced by) something different
  • excitatory - (of drugs e.g.) able to excite or stimulate
  • exclusively - without any others being included or involved
  • excoriation - severe censure; an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
  • excrement - waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
  • excreta - waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
  • excrete - eliminate from the body
  • excretion - the bodily process of discharging waste matter; waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
  • excruciating - extremely painful
  • exenteration - surgical removal of the organs within a body cavity (as those of the pelvis)
  • exercising - the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit
  • exert - put to use; make a great effort at a mental or physical task: have and exercise
  • exertion - use of physical or mental energy; hard work
  • exfoliation - the peeling off in flakes or scales of bark or dead skin: a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the skin
  • exhalation - the act of expelling air from the lungs; exhaled breath
  • exhale - expel air; give out (breath or an odor)
  • exhausted - completely emptied of resources or properties; drained physically; drained of energy or effectiveness; extremely tired; completely exhausted
  • exhaustion - the act of exhausting something entirely; extreme fatigue; serious weakening and loss of energy
  • exist - have an existence, be extant; support oneself
  • existence - everything that exists anywhere; the state or fact of existing
  • existing - presently existing; existing in something specified; having existence or being or actuality
  • exocrine - of or relating to exocrine glands or their secretions; a gland that secretes externally through a duct
  • exogenous - derived or originating externally
  • exomphalos - an umbilical hernia at birth in which some abdominal organs push into the umbilical cord
  • exophthalmos - protrusion of the eyeball from the socket
  • exostosis - a benign outgrowth from a bone (usually covered with cartilage)
  • exotic - strikingly strange or unusual; being or from or characteristic of another place or part of the world
  • exotoxin - a toxin that is secreted by microorganisms into the surrounding medium
  • exotropia - strabismus in which one or both eyes are directed outward
  • expanded - increased in extent or size or bulk or scope
  • expectancy - something expected (as on the basis of a norm): pleasurable expectation
  • expectant - in an advanced stage of pregnancy; marked by eager anticipation
  • expected - considered likely or probable to happen or arrive: expected to become or be; in prospect; looked forward to as probable
  • expectorant - a medicine promoting expectoration
  • expectorate - discharge (phlegm or sputum) from the lungs and out of the mouth; clear out the chest and lungs
  • expectoration - the process of coughing up and spitting out; the act of spitting (forcefully expelling saliva)
  • expel - put out or expel from a place; force to leave or move out: eliminate (substances) from the body; cause to flee; remove from a position or office
  • expensive - high in price or charging high prices
  • experienced - having experience; having knowledge or skill from observation or participation
  • experiential - derived from experience or the experience of existence; relating to or resulting from experience
  • experimental - relying on observation or experiment; of the nature of or undergoing an experiment; relating to or based on experiment
  • expert - having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude; a person with special knowledge or ability who performs skillfully
  • expertise - skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge
  • expiration - the act of expelling air from the lungs; euphemistic expressions for death; a coming to an end of a contract period
  • expiratory - of or relating to the breathing out phase of respiration
  • expire - expel air; pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life; lose validity
  • explain - make plain and comprehensible; define; serve as a reason or cause or justification of
  • exploration - to travel for the purpose of discovery; a careful systematic search; a systematic consideration
  • exploratory - serving in or intended for exploration or discovery
  • explore - examine (organs) for diagnostic purposes; examine minutely; travel to or penetrate into; inquire into
  • exposed - not covered with clothing; with no protection or shield
  • expressed - communicated in words; precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable; leaving nothing to implication
  • exquisitely - in a delicate manner
  • extensor - a skeletal muscle whose contraction extends or stretches a body part
  • extent - the distance or area or volume over which something extends; the point or degree to which something extends
  • exterior - situated in or suitable for the outdoors or outside of a building; the outer side or surface of something; the region that is outside of something
  • exteriorisation - embodying in an outward form
  • exteriorization - embodying in an outward form
  • externally - on or from the outside; with respect to the outside
  • exteroceptor - any receptor that responds to stimuli outside the body
  • extirpate - surgically remove (an organ); pull up by or as if by the roots; destroy completely, as if down to the roots
  • extirpation - the act of pulling up or out; uprooting; cutting off from existence; surgical removal of a body part or tissue
  • extracellular - located or occurring outside a cell or cells
  • extradural - on or outside the dura mater
  • extrasensory - seemingly outside normal sensory channels
  • extrasystole - a premature systole resulting in a momentary cardiac arrhythmia
  • extraversion - (psychology) an extroverted disposition; concern with what is outside the self
  • extremely - to an extreme degree; to a high degree or extent; favorably or with much respect; to an extreme degree or extent; to an extreme degree
  • extrinsic - not forming an essential part of a thing or arising or originating from the outside
  • extroversion - (psychology) an extroverted disposition; concern with what is outside the self
  • extroverted - at ease in talking to others; not introspective; examining what is outside yourself; being concerned with the social and physical environment
  • exudate - a substance that oozes out from plant pores; release (a liquid) in drops or small quantities
  • eyeball - the ball-shaped capsule containing the vertebrate eye: look at
  • eyebath - a small vessel with a rim curved to fit the orbit of the eye; use to apply medicated or cleansing solution to the eyeball
  • eyebrow - the arch of hair above each eye
  • eyed - having an eye or eyes or eyelike feature especially as specified; often used in combination
  • eyeglasses - optical instrument consisting of a pair of lenses for correcting defective vision
  • eyelash - any of the short curved hairs that grow from the edges of the eyelids
  • eyelid - either of two folds of skin that can be moved to cover or open the eye
  • eyes - opinion or judgment
  • eyesight - normal use of the faculty of vision
  • eyestrain - a tiredness of the eyes caused by prolonged close work by a person with an uncorrected vision problem
  • eyetooth - one of the four pointed conical teeth (two in each jaw) located between the incisors and the premolars
  • fa - the syllable naming the fourth (subdominant) note of the diatonic scale in solmization
  • faced - having a face or facing especially of a specified kind or number; often used in combination
  • facet - a smooth surface (as of a bone or cut gemstone); a distinct feature or element in a problem
  • facilitate - make easier; increase the likelihood of (a response); be of use
  • factory - a plant consisting of one or more buildings with facilities for manufacturing
  • faculty - one of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind; the body of teachers and administrators at a school
  • faecal - foul with waste matter; of or relating to feces
  • faecalith - a hard mass of fecal matter
  • faeces - solid excretory product evacuated from the bowels
  • fahrenheit - German physicist who invented the mercury thermometer and developed the scale of temperature that bears his name (1686-1736)
  • fahrenheit - German physicist who invented the mercury thermometer and developed the scale of temperature that bears his name (1686-1736)
  • failed - unable to meet financial obligations
  • failing - below acceptable in performance; unable to meet financial obligations; failure to reach a minimum required performance; a flaw or weak point
  • fairbanks - United States film actor noted for his swashbuckling roles (1883-1939); United States film actor; son of Douglas Elton Fairbanks, (1909-2000)
  • falciform - curved like a sickle
  • fallen - killed in battle; having lost your chastity; having fallen in or collapsed; having dropped by the force of gravity
  • falling - becoming lower or less in degree or value; decreasing in amount or degree; coming down freely under the influence of gravity
  • fallopio - Italian anatomist who first described the Fallopian tubes (1523-1562)
  • fallot - French physician who described cardiac anomalies including Fallot's tetralogy (1850-1911)
  • fallout - the radioactive particles that settle to the ground after a nuclear explosion; any adverse and unwanted secondary effect
  • falls - the petals or sepals of a flower that bend downward (especially the outer perianth of an iris); a steep descent of the water of a river
  • familial - tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity; relating to or having the characteristics of a family
  • famotidine - a histamine blocker (trade name Pepcid) used to treat peptic ulcers and gastritis and esophageal reflux
  • fantasise - portray in the mind; indulge in fantasies
  • fantasize - portray in the mind; indulge in fantasies
  • fantasy - imagination unrestricted by reality; fiction with a large amount of imagination in it; something many people believe that is false; indulge in fantasies
  • farinaceous - composed of or covered with particles resembling meal in texture or consistency; resembling starch
  • fascia - a sheet or band of fibrous connective tissue separating or binding together muscles and organs etc
  • fasciculation - muscular twitching of contiguous groups of muscle fibers
  • fasciculus - a bundle of fibers (especially nerve fibers)
  • fascioliasis - infestation with the liver fluke Fasciola hepatica; liver damage sometimes occurs; related to liver rot
  • fasciolopsis - a genus of Fasciolidae
  • fashioned - planned and made or fashioned artistically
  • fastened - firmly closed or secured; fastened with strings or cords: furnished or closed with buttons or something buttonlike
  • faster - more quickly
  • fatality - the quality of being able to cause death or fatal disasters; a death resulting from an accident or a disaster
  • fatally - with fatal consequences or implications
  • fatigued - drained of energy or effectiveness; extremely tired; completely exhausted
  • fatty - containing or composed of fat; a rotund individual
  • fauces - the passage between the back of the mouth and the pharynx
  • faulty - characterized by errors; having a defect
  • favism - anemia resulting from eating fava beans; victims have an inherited blood abnormality and enzyme deficiency
  • favus - a contagious fungal infection of the scalp; occurs mainly in Africa and the Middle East
  • fda - a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services established to regulate the release of new foods and health-related products
  • febrifuge - any medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever
  • febrile - of or relating to or characterized by fever
  • fecal - foul with waste matter; of or relating to feces
  • feeble - lacking strength; pathetically lacking in force or effectiveness; lacking physical strength or vitality; lacking strength or vigor
  • feeding - the act of supplying food and nourishment; the act of consuming food
  • feelings - emotional or moral sensitivity (especially in relation to personal principles or dignity)
  • felon - a purulent infection at the end of a finger or toe in the area surrounding the nail; someone who has committed (or been legally convicted of) a crime
  • felt - a fabric made of compressed matted animal fibers; change texture so as to become matted and felt-like; cover with felt; mat together and make felt-like
  • femininity - the trait of behaving in ways considered typical for women
  • femoral - of or relating to or near the femur or thigh
  • femoris - the longest and thickest bone of the human skeleton; extends from the pelvis to the knee
  • femur - the longest and thickest bone of the human skeleton; extends from the pelvis to the knee
  • fen - 100 fen equal 1 yuan in China; low-lying wet land with grassy vegetation; usually is a transition zone between land and water
  • fenestra - a small opening covered with membrane (especially one in the bone between the middle and inner ear)
  • fenoprofen - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Nalfon) used in the treatment of arthritis and other painful inflammatory disorders
  • ferric - of or relating to or containing iron
  • ferritin - a protein containing 20% iron that is found in the intestines and liver and spleen; it is one of the chief forms in which iron is stored in the body
  • ferrous - of or relating to or containing iron
  • ferrule - a metal cap or band placed on a wooden pole to prevent splitting
  • fertile - capable of reproducing; marked by great fruitfulness: bearing in abundance especially offspring; intellectually productive
  • fertilise - introduce semen into (a female); provide with fertilizers or add nutrients to; make fertile or productive
  • fertiliser - any substance such as manure or a mixture of nitrates used to make soil more fertile
  • fertilize - provide with fertilizers or add nutrients to; make fertile or productive; introduce semen into (a female)
  • fess - (heraldry) an ordinary consisting of a broad horizontal band across a shield
  • fester - a sore that has become inflamed and formed pus; ripen and generate pus
  • festering - (medicine) the formation of morbific matter in an abscess or a vesicle and the discharge of pus; a fluid product of inflammation
  • festination - involuntary shortening of stride and quickening of gait that occurs in some diseases (e.g., Parkinson's disease)
  • fet - a transistor in which most current flows in a channel whose effective resistance can be controlled by a transverse electric field
  • fetal - of or relating to a fetus
  • fetishist - one who engages in fetishism (especially of a sexual nature)
  • fetoprotein - any of several antigens that occur naturally in the fetus and sometimes in adults with cancer
  • fetor - a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
  • fetoscope - a stethoscope placed on the pregnant woman's abdomen to listen for the fetal heartbeat
  • fetoscopy - prenatal diagnosis that allows direct observation of a fetus in the uterus and the withdrawal of fetal blood
  • fetus - an unborn or unhatched vertebrate in the later stages of development showing the main recognizable features of the mature animal
  • fever - intense nervous anticipation; a rise in the temperature of the body; frequently a symptom of infection
  • feverish - marked by intense agitation or emotion; having or affected by a fever; of or relating to or characterized by fever
  • fewer - (comparative of `few' used with count nouns) quantifier meaning a smaller number of
  • fibreoptics - the transmission of light signals via glass fibers
  • fibril - a very slender natural or synthetic fiber
  • fibrillate - make fine, irregular, rapid twitching movements
  • fibrillation - act or process of forming fibrils; muscular twitching involving individual muscle fibers acting without coordination
  • fibrillation - act or process of forming fibrils; muscular twitching involving individual muscle fibers acting without coordination
  • fibrin - a white insoluble fibrous protein formed by the action of thrombin on fibrinogen when blood clots; it forms a network that traps red cells and platelets
  • fibrinogen - a protein present in blood plasma; converts to fibrin when blood clots
  • fibrinolysin - an enzyme that dissolves the fibrin of blood clots
  • fibrinolysis - a normal ongoing process that dissolves fibrin and results in the removal of small blood clots
  • fibroadenoma - benign and movable and firm and not tender tumor of the breast; common in young women and caused by high levels of estrogen
  • fibroblast - a cell from which connective tissue develops
  • fibrocartilage - cartilage that is largely composed of fibers like those in ordinary connective tissue
  • fibroid - benign tumor containing fibrous tissue (especially in the uterus)
  • fibroma - nonmalignant tumor of connective tissue
  • fibrosis - development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ
  • fibrositis - inflammation of white fibrous tissues (especially muscle sheaths)
  • fibrous - (of meat) full of sinews; especially impossible to chew: having or resembling fibers especially fibers used in making cordage such as those of jute
  • fibula - the outer and thinner of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle
  • fields - United States comedian and film actor (1880-1946)
  • fifteen - being one more than fourteen; the cardinal number that is the sum of fourteen and one
  • fifty - being ten more than forty; the cardinal number that is the product of ten and five; a United States bill worth 50 dollars
  • filamentous - thin in diameter; resembling a thread
  • filariasis - a disease caused by nematodes in the blood or tissues of the body causing blockage of lymphatic vessels
  • filiform - thin in diameter; resembling a thread
  • filled - (usually followed by `with' or used as a combining form) generously supplied with; (of time) taken up; of purchase orders that have been filled
  • filtrate - the product of filtration; a gas or liquid that has been passed through a filter; remove by passing through a filter
  • filtration - the act of changing a fluid by passing it through a filter: the process whereby fluids pass through a filter or a filtering medium
  • filum - a threadlike structure (as a chainlike series of cells)
  • fimbria - thin projections forming a fringe (especially around the ovarian end of the Fallopian tube)
  • finally - after a long period of time or an especially long delay; as the end result of a succession or process; the item at the end
  • financial - involving financial matters
  • finding - the decision of a court on issues of fact or law; something that is found; the act of determining the properties of something
  • findings - a collection of tools and other articles used by an artisan to make jewelry or clothing or shoes
  • fingernail - the nail at the end of a finger
  • fingerprinting - the procedure of taking inked impressions of a person's fingerprints for the purpose of identification
  • fingerstall - a sheath worn to protect a finger
  • fireproof - impervious to damage by fire; make resistant to fire
  • firmly - with resolute determination; with firmness; in a secure manner; in a manner free from danger
  • fissile - capable of being split or cleft or divided in the direction of the grain; capable of undergoing nuclear fission
  • fist - a hand with the fingers clenched in the palm (as for hitting)
  • fistula - an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface; a chronic inflammation of the withers of a horse
  • fitch - dark brown mustelid of woodlands of Eurasia that gives off an unpleasant odor when threatened
  • fitness - the condition of being suitable; the quality of being qualified; good physical condition; being in shape or in condition: fitness to traverse the seas
  • fitted - being the right size and shape to fit as desired
  • fitter - improved in health or physical condition; someone who fits a garment to a particular person
  • five - being one more than four; the cardinal number that is the sum of four and one; a team that plays basketball
  • fl - a state in southeastern United States between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
  • flab - loose or flaccid body fat
  • flabby - out of condition; not strong or robust; incapable of exertion or endurance
  • flaccidity - a flabby softness
  • flagyl - antiprotozoal medication (trade name Flagyl) used to treat trichomoniasis and giardiasis
  • flammable - easily ignited
  • flaps - a movable airfoil that is part of an aircraft wing; used to increase lift or drag
  • flats - footwear (shoes or slippers) with no heel (or a very low heel)
  • flatulence - a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal: pompously embellished language
  • flatulent - generating excessive gas in the alimentary canal: suffering from excessive gas in the alimentary canal
  • flatus - a reflex that expels intestinal gas through the anus
  • flatworm - parasitic or free-living worms having a flattened body
  • flea - any wingless bloodsucking parasitic insect noted for ability to leap
  • fleshy - usually describes a large person who is fat but has a large frame to carry it; of or relating to or resembling flesh
  • flex - the act of flexing; cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form; bend a joint; contract; exhibit the strength of; form a curve
  • flexor - a skeletal muscle whose contraction bends a joint
  • flies - (theater) the space over the stage (out of view of the audience) used to store scenery (drop curtains)
  • floppy - hanging limply; a small plastic magnetic disk enclosed in a stiff envelope with a radial slit; used to store data or programs for a microcomputer
  • flora - a living organism lacking the power of locomotion; all the plant life in a particular region or period
  • florentine - of or relating to or characteristic of the city of Florence: a native or resident of Florence
  • florid - inclined to a healthy reddish color often associated with outdoor life; elaborately or excessively ornamented
  • floss - a soft loosely twisted thread used in embroidery; a soft thread for cleaning the spaces between the teeth; use dental floss to clean
  • flour - fine powdery foodstuff obtained by grinding and sifting the meal of a cereal grain; convert grain into flour; cover with flour
  • flu - an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  • fluctuating - having unpredictable ups and downs
  • fluctuation - the quality of being unsteady and subject to changes: a wave motion; an instance of change; the rate or magnitude of change
  • fluently - in a fluent manner
  • fluorescence - light emitted during absorption of radiation of some other (invisible) wavelength
  • fluoridate - subject to fluoridation; treat with fluoride
  • fluoridation - the addition of a fluoride to the water supply (to prevent dental decay)
  • fluoride - a salt of hydrofluoric acid
  • fluoroscope - an X-ray machine that combines an X-ray source and a fluorescent screen to enable direct observation
  • fluoroscopy - examination of body structures using a fluoroscope
  • fluorosis - a pathological condition resulting for an excessive intake of fluorine (usually from drinking water)
  • fluoxetine - a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Prozac)
  • flushed - having the pinkish flush of health; (especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion
  • fluttering - the motion made by flapping up and down
  • fm - modulation of the frequency of the (radio) carrier wave; a radioactive transuranic metallic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons
  • foam - a mass of small bubbles formed in or on a liquid; a lightweight material in cellular form; made by introducing gas bubbles during manufacture; form bubbles
  • focal - having or localized centrally at a focus; of or relating to a focus
  • focusing - the act of bringing into focus; the concentration of attention or energy on something
  • foetal - of or relating to a fetus
  • foetor - a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
  • foetoscope - a stethoscope placed on the pregnant woman's abdomen to listen for the fetal heartbeat
  • foetoscopy - prenatal diagnosis that allows direct observation of a fetus in the uterus and the withdrawal of fetal blood
  • foetus - an unborn or unhatched vertebrate in the later stages of development showing the main recognizable features of the mature animal
  • folacin - a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
  • folie - (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness
  • follicle - any small spherical group of cells containing a cavity
  • follicular - of or relating to or constituting a follicle
  • folliculitis - inflammation of a hair follicle
  • fontanel - any membranous gap between the bones of the cranium in an infant or fetus
  • fontanelle - any membranous gap between the bones of the cranium in an infant or fetus
  • foramen - a natural opening or perforation through a bone or a membranous structure
  • forced - made necessary by an unexpected situation or emergency: forced or compelled; produced by or subjected to forcing; lacking spontaneity; not natural
  • forceps - an extractor consisting of a pair of pincers used in medical treatment (especially for the delivery of babies)
  • forcibly - in a forcible manner
  • fore - situated at or toward the bow of a vessel; near or toward the bow of a ship or cockpit of a plane; front part of a vessel or aircraft
  • forearm - the part of the superior limb between the elbow and the wrist; arm in advance of a confrontation
  • forebrain - the anterior portion of the brain; the part of the brain that develops from the anterior part of the neural tube
  • forecast - a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop; predict in advance; judge to be probable; indicate by signs
  • forefinger - the finger next to the thumb
  • forehead - the large cranial bone forming the front part of the cranium: includes the upper part of the orbits; the part of the face above the eyes
  • foremilk - milky fluid secreted for the first day or two after parturition
  • forensic - of, relating to, or used in courts of law or public debate or argument
  • foresee - realize beforehand; picture to oneself; imagine possible: act in advance of; deal with ahead of time
  • foreskin - a fold of skin covering the tip of the penis; a fold of skin covering the tip of the clitoris
  • forever - for a very long or seemingly endless time; seemingly without interruption; often and repeatedly; for a limitless time
  • forget - be unable to remember; dismiss from the mind; stop remembering; leave behind unintentionally; forget to do something
  • forgetful - failing to keep in mind; not mindful or attentive; (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range
  • forgetfulness - tendency to forget; unawareness caused by neglectful or heedless failure to remember
  • forgotten - no longer known; irretrievable; not noticed inadvertently
  • formaldehyde - a colorless poisonous gas; made by the oxidation of methanol
  • formalin - a 10% solution of formaldehyde in water; used as a disinfectant or to preserve biological specimens
  • formed - fully developed as by discipline or training; having taken on a definite arrangement; having or given a form or shape; clearly defined; formed in the mind
  • formerly - at a previous time
  • formication - hallucinated sensation that insects or snakes are crawling over the skin; a common side-effect of extensive use of cocaine or amphetamines
  • forty - being ten more than thirty; the cardinal number that is the product of ten and four
  • forwards - in a forward direction; at or to or toward the front
  • founded - having a basis; often used as combining terms
  • four - being one more than three; the cardinal number that is the sum of three and one
  • fourhanded - (of card games) involving or requiring four players
  • fourteen - being one more than thirteen; the cardinal number that is the sum of thirteen and one
  • fovea - area consisting of a small depression in the retina containing cones and where vision is most acute
  • foxglove - any of several plants of the genus Digitalis
  • fr - a radioactive element of the alkali-metal group discovered as a disintegration product of actinium
  • fragile - vulnerably delicate; easily broken or damaged or destroyed; lacking solidity or strength and liable to break
  • fragility - lack of physical strength; quality of being easily damaged or destroyed
  • fragment - an incomplete piece; a piece broken off or cut off of something else; a broken piece of a brittle artifact; break or cause to break into pieces
  • fragrant - pleasant-smelling
  • framboesia - an infectious tropical disease resembling syphilis in its early stages; marked by red skin eruptions and ulcerating lesions
  • framework - a structure supporting or containing something; the underlying structure; a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process
  • france - a republic in western Europe; the largest country wholly in Europe; French writer of sophisticated novels and short stories (1844-1924)
  • freckle - a small brownish spot (of the pigment melanin) on the skin: mark with freckles; become freckled
  • freckled - relating to or covered with or resembling freckles
  • frederick - a town in northern Maryland west of Baltimore
  • freedom - the condition of being free; the power to act or speak or think without externally imposed restraints; immunity from an obligation or duty
  • freeing - the act of liberating someone or something
  • freely - in a free manner
  • freezing - the withdrawal of heat to change something from a liquid to a solid
  • frenchman - a person of French nationality
  • frequently - many times at short intervals
  • freshly - very recently; in an impudent or impertinent manner
  • fretful - habitually complaining; unable to relax or be still
  • freudian - of or relating to Sigmund Freud or his psychoanalytic ideas; a person who follows the basic theories or practices of Sigmund Freud
  • fri - the sixth day of the week; the fifth working day
  • friable - (used of soil) loose and large-grained in consistency; easily broken into small fragments or reduced to powder
  • friedman - United States economist noted as a proponent of monetarism and for his opposition to government intervention in the economy (born 1912)
  • frightened - made afraid; thrown into a state of intense fear or desperation
  • frightening - causing fear or dread or terror; the act of inspiring with fear
  • frostbite - destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene
  • frostbitten - injured by freezing or partial freezing
  • fructose - a simple sugar found in honey and in many ripe fruits
  • fructosuria - the presence of levulose is the urine
  • fruit - the consequence of some effort or action; the ripened reproductive body of a seed plant; an amount of a product; bear fruit; cause to bear fruit
  • frying - cooking in fat or oil in a pan or griddle
  • ft - a linear unit of length equal to 12 inches or a third of a yard
  • fulfil - fill or meet a want or need; put in effect; fulfil the requirements or expectations of
  • fulfilment - the act of consummating something (a desire or promise etc); a feeling of satisfaction at having achieved your desires
  • fulminant - sudden and severe
  • fulminant - sudden and severe
  • fumes - gases ejected from an engine as waste products
  • fumigate - treat with fumes, expose to fumes, especially with the aim of disinfecting or eradicating pests
  • fumigation - the application of a gas or smoke to something for the purpose of disinfecting it
  • functioning - performing or able to perform its regular function: process or manner of functioning or operating
  • funded - furnished with funds
  • fundus - (anatomy) the base of a hollow organ or that part of the organ farthest from its opening
  • fungal - of or relating to fungi
  • fungi - (pun) the one who buys the drinks; the taxonomic kingdom of lower plants
  • fungicide - any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi
  • fungoid - resembling fungi
  • fungus - a parasitic plant lacking chlorophyll and leaves and true stems and roots and reproducing by spores
  • funiculitis - inflammation of a funiculus (especially an inflammation of the spermatic cord)
  • funiculus - any of several body structure resembling a cord; the stalk of a plant ovule or seed
  • furniture - furnishings that make a room or other area ready for occupancy
  • furor - a sudden outburst (as of protest); an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  • furosemide - commonly used diuretic (trade name Lasix) used to treat hypertension and edema
  • furred - covered with a dense coat of fine silky hairs
  • furuncle - a painful sore with a hard core filled with pus
  • furunculosis - acute skin disease characterized by the presence of many furuncles
  • fused - joined together into a whole
  • fusiform - tapering at each end
  • gaba - an amino acid that is found in the central nervous system; acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter
  • gait - a person's manner of walking; a horse's manner of moving: the rate of moving (especially walking or running)
  • galactagogue - agent that induces milk secretion
  • galactocele - a cystic tumor containing milk or a milky substance (especially in the mammary glands)
  • galactose - a simple sugar found in lactose
  • galea - an organ shaped like a helmet; usually a vaulted and enlarged petal as in Aconitum
  • galen - Greek anatomist whose theories formed the basis of European medicine until the Renaissance (circa 130-200)
  • gallstone - a calculus formed in the gall bladder or its ducts
  • galvanism - electricity produced by chemical action; the therapeutic application of electricity to the body (as in the treatment of various forms of paralysis)
  • gamete - a mature sexual reproductive cell having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
  • gametocyte - an immature animal or plant cell that develops into a gamete by meiosis
  • gametogenesis - the development and maturation of sex cells through meiosis
  • ganglion - an encapsulated neural structure consisting of a collection of cell bodies or neurons
  • gangrenous - suffering from tissue death
  • gash - a strong sweeping cut made with a sharp instrument; a trench resembling a furrow that was made by erosion or excavation: a wound made by cutting; cut open
  • gashed - wounded by cutting deeply
  • gasp - a short labored intake of breath with the mouth open; breathe noisily, as when one is exhausted
  • gasping - breathing laboriously or convulsively
  • gastralgia - an ache localized in the stomach or abdominal region
  • gastrectomy - surgical removal of all or part of the stomach
  • gastric - relating to or involving the stomach
  • gastrin - polypeptide hormone secreted by the mucous lining of the stomach; induces the secretion of gastric juice
  • gastritis - inflammation of the lining of the stomach; nausea and loss of appetite and discomfort after eating
  • gastrocnemius - the muscle in the back part of the leg that forms the greater part of the calf; responsible for the plantar flexion of the foot
  • gastroduodenal - of or relating to the stomach and the duodenum
  • gastroenteritis - inflammation of the stomach and intestines; can be caused by Salmonella enteritidis
  • gastroenterologist - a physician who specializes in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
  • gastroenterology - the branch of medicine that studies the gastrointestinal tract and its diseases
  • gastroenterostomy - surgical creation of an opening between the stomach wall and the small intestines; performed when the normal opening has been eliminated
  • gastrointestinal - of or relating to the stomach and intestines
  • gastroscope - a type of endoscope for visually examining the stomach
  • gastroscopy - visual examination of the stomach by means of a gastroscope inserted through the esophagus
  • gastrostomy - surgical creation of an opening through the abdominal wall into the stomach (as for gastrogavage)
  • gathered - having accumulated or become more intense; brought together in one place
  • gauze - a net of transparent fabric with a loose open weave: (medicine) bleached cotton cloth of plain weave used for bandages and dressings
  • gavage - feeding that consists of the delivery of a nutrient solution (as through a nasal tube) to someone who cannot or will not eat
  • geiger - German physicist who developed the Geiger counter (1882-1945)
  • gel - a colloid in a more solid form than a sol; a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects; become a gel: apply a styling gel to
  • gelatinous - thick like gelatin
  • generalised - spread throughout a body or system; not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
  • generalized - spread throughout a body or system; not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
  • generally - without distinction of one from others; usually; as a rule: without regard to specific details or exceptions
  • generate - bring into existence; produce (energy); make children: give or supply
  • generous - more than adequate; willing to give and share unstintingly; not petty in character and mind
  • genetically - by genetic mechanisms
  • geneticist - a biologist who specializes in genetics
  • genetics - the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
  • genic - of or relating to or produced by or being a gene
  • genital - of or relating to the external sex organs
  • genitalia - external sex organ
  • genitals - external sex organ
  • genitourinary - of or related to the genital and urinary organs or their functions
  • genome - the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism
  • genotype - the particular alleles at specified loci present in an organism; a group of organisms sharing a specific genetic constitution
  • gentamicin - an antibiotic (trade name Garamycin) that is derived from an actinomycete; used in treating infections of the urinary tract
  • gentian - any of various plants of the family Gentianaceae especially the genera Gentiana and Gentianella and Gentianopsis
  • gently - in a gradual manner; in a gentle manner; with little weight or force
  • genu - hinge joint in the human leg connecting the tibia and fibula with the femur and protected in front by the patella
  • genus - a general kind of something; (biology) taxonomic group containing one or more species
  • geriatric - of or relating to or practicing geriatrics; of or relating to the aged
  • geriatrician - a specialist in gerontology
  • geriatrics - the branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to old people
  • germany - a republic in central Europe; split into East German and West Germany after World War II and reunited in 1990
  • germinal - containing seeds of later development; seventh month of the Revolutionary calendar (March and April); the month of buds
  • gerontologist - a specialist in gerontology
  • gerontology - the branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to old people
  • gestate - have the idea for; be pregnant with
  • gestational - of or relating to gestation
  • getting - the act of acquiring something
  • gi - of or relating to the stomach and intestines; a unit of magnetomotive force equal to 0.7958 ampere-turns; clean in preparation for inspection
  • giardia - a suspected cause of diarrhea in humans
  • gibbosity - something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings
  • giddiness - an impulsive scatterbrained manner; a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
  • giddy - lacking seriousness; given to frivolity; having or causing a whirling sensation; liable to falling
  • gigantism - excessive largeness of stature; excessive size; usually caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • gingiva - the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth
  • gingival - of or relating to the gums
  • gingivitis - inflammation of the gums
  • ginglymus - a freely moving joint in which the bones are so articulated as to allow extensive movement in one plane
  • gland - any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
  • glanders - a destructive and contagious bacterial disease of horses that can be transmitted to humans
  • glandular - relating to or affecting or functioning as a gland
  • glans - a small rounded structure; especially that at the end of the penis or clitoris
  • glare - an angry stare; great brightness; a focus of public attention: shine intensely; be sharply reflected; look at with a fixed gaze
  • glasgow - largest city in Scotland; a port on the Clyde in west central Scotland; one of the great shipbuilding centers of the world
  • glasses - optical instrument consisting of a pair of lenses for correcting defective vision
  • gleet - a thin morbid discharge as from a wound or especially chronic gonorrhea
  • glial - of or relating to neuroglia
  • glioblastoma - a fast-growing malignant brain tumor composed of spongioblasts; nearly always fatal
  • glioma - a tumor of the brain consisting of neuroglia
  • global - involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope: having the shape of a sphere or ball
  • globin - a colorless protein obtained by removing heme from hemoglobin; the oxygen carrying compound in red blood cells
  • globule - a small globe or ball
  • globulin - a family of proteins found in blood and milk and muscle and in plant seed
  • glomerular - of or relating to glomeruli
  • glomerulus - a small intertwined group of capillaries in the malpighian body; it filters the blood during urine formation
  • glossa - a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity
  • glossina - bloodsucking African fly; transmits sleeping sickness etc.
  • glossitis - inflammation of the tongue
  • glossodynia - pain in the tongue
  • glossopharyngeal - pertaining to the tongue and throat
  • glottis - the vocal apparatus of the larynx; the true vocal folds and the space between them where the voice tone is generated
  • glowing - highly enthusiastic; the amount of electromagnetic radiation leaving or arriving at a point on a surface
  • glucagon - a hormone secreted by the pancreas; stimulates increases in blood sugar levels in the blood (thus opposing the action of insulin)
  • glucocorticoid - a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti-inflammatory activity
  • glucose - a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • glucosuria - the presence of abnormally high levels of glucose in the urine
  • glue - cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesive; be fixed as if by glue; join or attach with or as if with glue
  • glutamate - a salt or ester of glutamic acid
  • glutamine - a crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins; important in protein metabolism
  • gluteal - of or relating to or near the gluteus muscles
  • gluten - a protein substance that remains when starch is removed from cereal grains; gives cohesiveness to dough
  • gluteus - any one of three large skeletal muscles that form the buttock and move the thigh
  • glycerin - a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • glycerine - a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • glycerol - a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • glyceryl - a trivalent radical derived from glycerol by removing the three hydroxyl radicals
  • glycine - genus of Asiatic erect or sprawling herbs: soya bean; the simplest amino acid found in proteins and the principal amino acid in sugar cane
  • glycogen - one form in which body fuel is stored; stored primarily in the liver and broken down into glucose when needed by the body
  • glycogenesis - the conversion of glucose to glycogen when the glucose in the blood exceeds the demand; the formation in animals of glycogen from glucose
  • glycoside - a group of compounds derived from monosaccharides
  • glycosuria - the presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine
  • goblet - a drinking glass with a base and stem; a bowl-shaped drinking vessel; especially the Eucharistic cup
  • going - in full operation; advancing toward a goal; act of departing: euphemistic expressions for death
  • goiter - abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
  • goitre - abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
  • goitrogen - any substance (such as thiouracil) that induces the formation of a goiter
  • golgi - Italian histologist noted for work on the structure of the nervous system and for his discovery of Golgi bodies (1844-1926)
  • gonad - a gland in which gametes (sex cells) are produced
  • gonadotrophic - of or relating to or involving gonadotropin
  • gonadotrophin - hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta; stimulates the gonads and controls reproductive activity
  • gonadotropin - hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta; stimulates the gonads and controls reproductive activity
  • gone - having all been spent; no longer retained; dead; destroyed or killed; well in the past; former; not present; having left
  • gonion - the craniometric point on either side at the apex of the lower jaw
  • gonococcus - the pus-producing bacterium that causes gonorrhea
  • gonorrhoea - a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; symptoms are painful urination and pain around the urethra
  • gorget - armor plate that protects the neck
  • governed - the body of people who are citizens of a particular government
  • governing - responsible for making and enforcing rules and laws: the act of governing; exercising authority
  • gp - a physician who is not a specialist but treats all illnesses
  • gradually - in a gradual manner
  • grafting - the act of grafting something onto something else
  • grandfather - the father of your father or mother
  • granular - having a granular structure like that of chondrites: composed of or covered with particles resembling meal in texture or consistency
  • granule - a tiny grain
  • granulocyte - a leukocyte that has granules in its cytoplasm
  • granulocytopenia - an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes
  • granuloma - a tumor composed of granulation tissue resulting from injury or inflammation or infection
  • granulomatous - relating to or characterized by granulomas
  • graves - English writer known for his interest in mythology and in the classics (1895-1985)
  • graves - English writer known for his interest in mythology and in the classics (1895-1985)
  • gravid - in an advanced stage of pregnancy
  • grazed - scraped or touched lightly in passing
  • grease - a thick fatty oil (especially one used to lubricate machinery); the state of being covered with unclean things; lubricate with grease
  • greater - greater in size or importance or degree
  • greatest - highest in quality
  • greatly - to an extraordinary extent or degree
  • greek - of or relating to or characteristic of Greece or the Greeks: the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European family of languages; a native or inhabitant of Greece
  • greenish - of the color between blue and yellow in the color spectrum; similar to the color of fresh grass
  • grief - something that causes great unhappiness; intense sorrow caused by loss of a loved one (especially by death)
  • gripe - informal terms for objecting; complain
  • griping - acute abdominal pain (especially in infants)
  • grommet - fastener consisting of a metal ring for lining a small hole to permit the attachment of cords or lines
  • grouped - arranged into groups
  • grouping - the activity of putting things together in groups; a system for classifying things into groups; any number of entities (members) considered as a unit
  • grown - (of animals) fully developed
  • guanine - a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
  • guardian - providing protective supervision; watching over or safeguarding; a person who cares for persons or property
  • guided - subject to guidance or control especially after launching
  • guilt - remorse caused by feeling responsible for some offence; the state of having committed an offense
  • guilty - showing a sense of guilt; responsible for or chargeable with a reprehensible act; or marked by guilt
  • gulf - an unbridgeable disparity (as from a failure of understanding): a deep wide chasm; an arm of a sea or ocean partly enclosed by land; larger than a bay
  • gullet - the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • gumboil - a boil or abscess on the gums
  • gumma - a small rubbery granuloma that is characteristic of an advanced stage of syphilis
  • gunshot - the act of shooting a gun
  • gustation - the faculty of distinguishing sweet, sour, bitter, and salty properties in the mouth
  • gustatory - of or relating to gustation
  • guthrie - United States folk singer and songwriter (1912-1967)
  • gynaecological - of or relating to or practicing gynecology
  • gynaecologist - a specialist in gynecology
  • gynaecology - the branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and hygiene of women
  • gypsum - a common white or colorless mineral (hydrated calcium sulphate) used to make cements and plasters (especially plaster of Paris)
  • gyrus - a convex fold or elevation in the surface of the brain
  • habitual - made a norm or custom or habit; having a habit of long standing; commonly used or practiced; usual
  • habitually - according to habit or custom; according to routine or established practice
  • habitus - person's predisposition to be affected by something (as a disease); constitution of the human body
  • haem - a complex red organic pigment containing iron and other atoms to which oxygen binds
  • haemagglutination - agglutination of red blood cells
  • haemangioma - benign angioma consisting of a mass of blood vessels; some appear as birthmarks
  • haematemesis - vomiting blood
  • haematic - relating to or containing or affecting blood
  • haematinic - a medicine that increases the hemoglobin content of the blood; used to treat iron-deficiency anemia
  • haematocele - swelling caused by blood collecting in a body cavity (especially a swelling of the membrane covering the testis)
  • haematocoele - swelling caused by blood collecting in a body cavity (especially a swelling of the membrane covering the testis)
  • haematocolpos - accumulation of menstrual blood in the vagina (usually due to an imperforate hymen)
  • haematological - of or relating to or involved in hematology
  • haematologist - a doctor who specializes in diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
  • haematology - the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
  • haematoma - a localized swelling filled with blood
  • haematopoiesis - the formation of blood cells in the living body (especially in the bone marrow)
  • haematuria - the presence of blood in the urine; often a symptom of urinary tract disease
  • haemodialysis - dialysis of the blood to remove toxic substances or metabolic wastes from the bloodstream; used in the case of kidney failure
  • haemoglobinopathy - a blood disease characterized by the presence of abnormal hemoglobins in the blood
  • haemoglobinuria - presence of hemoglobin in the urine
  • haemolysin - any substance that can cause lysis (destruction) of erythrocytes (red blood cells) and the release of their hemoglobin
  • haemolysis - lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
  • haemolytic - relating to or involving or causing hemolysis
  • haemophilia - congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding; usually affects males and is transmitted from mother to son
  • haemophiliac - someone who has hemophilia and is subject to uncontrollable bleeding
  • haemophilic - relating to or having hemophilia
  • haemopoiesis - the formation of blood cells in the living body (especially in the bone marrow)
  • haemopoietic - pertaining to the formation of blood or blood cells
  • haemoptysis - coughing up blood from the respiratory tract; usually indicates a severe infection of the bronchi or lungs
  • haemorrhage - flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
  • haemorrhagic - of or relating to a hemorrhage
  • haemorrhoidectomy - surgical procedure for tying hemorrhoids and excising them
  • haemosiderosis - abnormal deposit of hemosiderin; often a symptom of thalassemia or hemochromatosis
  • haemostasis - surgical procedure of stopping the flow of blood (as with a hemostat)
  • haemostat - a surgical instrument that stops bleeding by clamping the blood vessel
  • haemothorax - accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest)
  • hairline - the natural margin formed by hair on the head; a very thin line
  • hairy - hazardous and frightening; having or covered with hair
  • halfway - including only half or a portion; at a point midway between two extremes; equally distant from the extremes; at half the distance; at the middle
  • halitosis - offensive breath
  • hallucinate - perceive what is not there; have illusions
  • hallucinating - experiencing delirium
  • hallucinatory - characterized by or characteristic of hallucination
  • hallucinogen - a psychoactive drug that induces hallucinations or altered sensory experiences
  • hallucinogenic - capable of producing hallucinations
  • hallux - the first largest innermost toe
  • halo - a circle of light around the sun or moon; an indication of radiant light drawn around the head of a saint; a toroidal shape
  • haloperidol - tranquilizer (trade name Haldol) used to treat some psychotic disorders and Tourette's syndrome
  • hamamelis - deciduous shrubs or small trees: witch hazel
  • hamartoma - a focal growth that resembles a neoplasm but results from faulty development in an organ
  • hamate - the wrist bone in line with the 4th and 5th fingers
  • hamstring - one of the tendons at the back of the knee; cripple by cutting the hamstring; make ineffective or powerless
  • handed - having or involving the use of hands
  • handedness - the property of using one hand more than the other
  • handicapped - markedly unable to function as a consequence of injury or illness; people collectively who are crippled or otherwise physically handicapped
  • handicapped - markedly unable to function as a consequence of injury or illness; people collectively who are crippled or otherwise physically handicapped
  • handkerchief - a square piece of cloth used for wiping the eyes or nose or as a costume accessory
  • hands - (with `in') guardianship over; in divorce cases it is the right to house and care for and discipline a child; the force of workers available
  • hangnail - a loose narrow strip of skin near the base of a fingernail; tearing it produces a painful sore that is easily infected
  • haploid - of a cell or organism having a single set of chromosomes: (genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
  • happening - taking place; an event that happens
  • happiness - emotions experienced when in a state of well-being: state of well-being characterized by emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy
  • harden - become hard or harder; make hard or harder; cause to accept or become hardened to; habituate; make fit; harden by reheating and cooling in oil
  • harding - 29th President of the United States; two of his appointees were involved in the Teapot Dome scandal (1865-1823)
  • hardly - almost not; by a small margin
  • harelip - a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
  • harmed - having had pain or loss or suffering inflicted
  • harry - make a pillaging or destructive raid on (a place), as in wartimes; annoy continually or chronically
  • hartford - the state capital of Connecticut; located in central Connecticut on the Connecticut river; a center of the insurance business
  • hashish - purified resinous extract of the hemp plant; used as a hallucinogen
  • hatched - shaded by means of fine parallel or crossed lines: produced from an egg
  • hatred - the emotion of hate; a feeling of dislike so strong that it demands action
  • hay - grass mowed and cured for use as fodder; convert (plant material) into hay
  • hcg - hormone produced early in pregnancy by the placenta; detection in the urine and serum is the basis for one kind of pregnancy test
  • headword - a word placed at the beginning of a line or paragraph (as in a dictionary entry); a word that is qualified by a modifier
  • heal - get healthy again; provide a cure for, make healthy again: heal or recover
  • healed - freed from illness or injury
  • healing - tending to cure or restore to health; the natural process by which the body repairs itself
  • health - the general condition of body and mind; a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
  • healthcare - the preservation of mental and physical health by preventing or treating illness through services offered by the health profession
  • healthier - improved in health or physical condition
  • healthily - in a levelheaded manner
  • heard - detected or perceived by the sense of hearing
  • heated - made warm or hot (`het' is a dialectal variant of `heated'): marked by emotional heat; vehement
  • heating - the process of becoming warmer; a rising temperature: utility to warm a building
  • heatstroke - collapse caused by exposure to excessive heat
  • hebephrenic - suffering from a form of schizophrenia characterized by foolish mannerisms and senseless laughter along with delusions and regressive behavior
  • hebetude - mental lethargy or dullness
  • hectic - marked by intense agitation or emotion
  • heights - a high place
  • hel - (religion) the world of the dead; (Norse mythology) goddess of the dead and queen of the underworld
  • held - occupied or in the control of; often used in combination
  • helicopter - an aircraft without wings that obtains its lift from the rotation of overhead blades
  • heliotherapy - therapeutic exposure to sunlight
  • helm - a position of leadership; steering mechanism for a vessel; a mechanical device by which a vessel is steered
  • helmet - a protective headgear made of hard material to resist blows; armor plate that protects the head
  • helminth - worm that is parasitic on the intestines of vertebrates especially roundworms and tapeworms and flukes
  • helminthiasis - infestation of the body with parasitic worms
  • helpful - showing a willingness to cooperate; providing assistance or serving a useful function; of service or assistance
  • helping - an individual quantity of food or drink taken as part of a meal
  • hem - lap that forms a cloth border doubled back and stitched down: utter `hem' or `ahem'; fold over and sew together to provide with a hem
  • hemeralopia - inability to see clearly in bright light
  • hemianopia - blindness in one half of the visual field of one or both eyes
  • hemicrania - a severe recurring vascular headache; occurs more frequently in women than men
  • hemiplegia - paralysis of one side of the body
  • hemiplegic - a person who has hemiplegia (is paralyzed on one side of the body)
  • hemisphere - either half of the cerebrum; half of the terrestrial globe; half of a sphere
  • hemolysis - lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
  • hemorrhage - flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels; lose blood from one's body
  • hen - female of certain aquatic animals e.g. octopus or lobster; adult female bird; adult female chicken; flesh of an older chicken suitable for stewing
  • hep - informed about the latest trends
  • hepatitis - inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
  • hepatoma - carcinoma of the liver
  • hepatomegaly - abnormal enlargement of the liver
  • hepatotoxic - toxic to the liver
  • herbal - of or relating to herbs; tea-like drink made of leaves of various herbs
  • herbalist - a therapist who heals by the use of herbs
  • hereditary - inherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent; tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
  • heredity - the total of inherited attributes; the biological process whereby genetic factors are transmitted from one generation to the next
  • hermann - German hero; leader at the battle of Teutoburger Wald in AD 9 (circa 18 BC - AD 19)
  • hernia - rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
  • herniation - rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
  • heroin - a narcotic that is considered a hard drug; a highly addictive morphine derivative; intravenous injection provides the fastest and most intense rush
  • herpes - any of the animal viruses that cause painful blisters on the skin; viral diseases causing eruptions of the skin or mucous membrane
  • hesitating - lacking decisiveness of character; unable to act or decide quickly or firmly
  • het - made warm or hot (`het' is a dialectal variant of `heated')
  • heterogeneous - consisting of elements that are not of the same kind or nature; originating outside the body
  • heterogenous - originating outside the body; consisting of elements that are not of the same kind or nature
  • heterograft - tissue from an animal of one species used as a temporary graft (as in cases of severe burns) on an individual of another species
  • heterologous - derived from organisms of a different but related species; not corresponding in structure or evolutionary origin
  • heterosexual - sexually attracted to members of the opposite sex; a heterosexual person; someone having a sexual orientation to persons of the opposite sex
  • heterosexuality - a sexual attraction to (or sexual relations with) persons of the opposite sex
  • heterozygous - having dissimilar alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci
  • hex - of or pertaining to a number system having 16 as its base; an evil spell; cast a spell over someone or something; put a hex on someone or something
  • hg - 100 grams; a heavy silvery toxic univalent and bivalent metallic element; the only metal that is liquid at ordinary temperatures
  • hi - an expression of greeting; a state in the United States in the central Pacific on the Hawaiian Islands
  • hidden - difficult to find; designed to elude detection; not accessible to view
  • hiding - the activity of keeping something secret
  • hidrosis - the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid
  • hidrotic - of or relating to sweat
  • hierarchy - the organization of people at different ranks in an administrative body; a series of ordered groupings of people or things within a system
  • higginson - United States writer and soldier who led the first Black regiment in the Union Army (1823-1911)
  • higher - of education beyond the secondary level; advanced in complexity or elaboration
  • highly - in a high position or level or rank; to a high degree or extent; favorably or with much respect; at a high rate or wage
  • hilar - of or relating to or located near a hilum
  • hindbrain - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
  • hindgut - the caudal part of the alimentary canal in vertebrate embryos
  • hindu - of or relating to or supporting Hinduism; a person who adheres to Hinduism; a native or inhabitant of Hindustan or India
  • hinge - a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other; a circumstance upon which subsequent events depend; attach with a hinge
  • hippocratic - of or relating to Hippocrates or the school of medicine that took his name
  • hirschsprung - Danish pediatrician (1830-1916)
  • hirsute - having or covered with hair
  • hirsutism - excessive hairiness
  • histamine - amine formed from histidine that stimulates gastric secretions and dilates blood vessels; released by the human immune system during allergic reactions
  • histidine - an essential amino acid found in proteins that is important for the growth and repair of tissue
  • histiocyte - a macrophage that is found in connective tissue
  • histiocytosis - a blood disease characterized by an abnormal multiplication of macrophages
  • histocompatibility - condition in which the cells of one tissue can survive in the presence of cells of another tissue
  • histogram - a bar chart representing a frequency distribution; heights of the bars represent observed frequencies
  • histological - of or relating to histology
  • histologist - anatomist who specializes in the microscopic study of animal tissues
  • histology - the branch of biology that studies the microscopic structure of animal or plant tissues
  • hitting - the act of contacting one thing with another
  • hmo - group insurance that entitles members to services of participating hospitals and clinics and physicians
  • hn - a colorless explosive liquid that is volatile and poisonous and foul-smelling
  • hoarse - deep and harsh sounding as if from shouting or illness or emotion
  • hoarseness - a throaty harshness
  • hobnail - a short nail with a thick head; used to protect the soles of boots; supply with hobnails
  • holder - a holding device; the person who is in possession of a check or note or bond or document of title that is endorsed to him or to whoever holds it
  • holding - the act of retaining something; something owned; any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone
  • holiday - a day on which work is suspended by law or custom: leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure; spend or take a vacation
  • holism - the theory that the parts of any whole cannot exist and cannot be understood except in their relation to the whole
  • holistic - emphasizing the organic or functional relation between parts and the whole
  • homeopathic - of or relating to the practice of homeopathy
  • homeopathy - a method of treating disease with small amounts of remedies that, in large amounts in healthy people, produce symptoms similar to those being treated
  • homoeopathy - a method of treating disease with small amounts of remedies that, in large amounts in healthy people, produce symptoms similar to those being treated
  • homogenise - cause to become equal or homogeneous as by mixing; become homogeneous or similar, as by mixing; break up the fat globules of
  • homogenize - cause to become equal or homogeneous as by mixing; become homogeneous or similar, as by mixing; break up the fat globules of
  • homonymous - of or related to or being homonyms
  • homosexual - sexually attracted to members of your own sex: someone who practices homosexuality; having a sexual attraction to persons of the same sex
  • homosexuality - a sexual attraction to (or sexual relations with) persons of the same sex
  • homozygous - having identical alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci
  • honey - of something having the color of honey; a sweet yellow liquid produced by bees; a beloved person; used as terms of endearment; sweeten with honey
  • hooked - addicted to a drug; curved down like an eagle's beak
  • hooks - large strong hand (as of a fighter)
  • hordeolum - an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
  • horizontal - parallel to or in the plane of the horizon or a base line: something that is oriented horizontally
  • horizontally - in a horizontal direction
  • hormonal - of or relating to or caused by hormones
  • hormone - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • horny - having horns or hornlike projections; made of horn (or of a substance resembling horn); feeling great sexual desire
  • horror - something that inspires dislike; something horrible; intense and profound fear; intense aversion
  • hospice - a program of medical and emotional care for the terminally ill; a lodging for travelers (especially one kept by a monastic order)
  • hospital - a health facility where patients receive treatment; a medical institution where sick or injured people are given medical or surgical care
  • hospitalisation - placing in medical care in a hospital
  • hospitalise - admit into a hospital
  • hospitalize - admit into a hospital
  • hour - distance measured by the time taken to cover it; a period of time equal to 1/24th of a day; clock time; a special and memorable period
  • hourglass - a sandglass that runs for sixty minutes
  • hourly - occurring every hour or payable by the hour; every hour
  • hours - an indefinite period of time; a period of time assigned for work
  • hours - an indefinite period of time; a period of time assigned for work
  • household - a social unit living together
  • houseman - an advanced student or graduate in medicine gaining supervised practical experience (`houseman' is a British term)
  • hovercraft - a craft capable of moving over water or land on a cushion of air created by jet engines
  • hrt - hormones (estrogen and progestin) are given to postmenopausal women; believed to protect them from heart disease and osteoporosis
  • humans - all of the living human inhabitants of the earth
  • humectant - any substance that is added to another substance to keep it moist
  • humerus - bone extending from the shoulder to the elbow
  • humid - containing or characterized by a great deal of water vapor
  • humoral - of or relating to bodily fluids
  • humorous - full of or characterized by humor
  • hump - something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings; have sexual intercourse with; arch one's back
  • hunchback - a person whose back is hunched because of abnormal curvature of the upper spine; an abnormal backward curve to the vertebral column
  • hundred - being ten more than ninety; ten 10s
  • hundredth - the ordinal number of one hundred in counting order: position 100 in a countable series of things; one part in a hundred equal parts
  • hungry - feeling hunger; feeling a need or desire to eat food: (usually followed by `for') extremely desirous
  • hurler - (baseball) the person who does the pitching
  • hurting - a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
  • husband - a married man; a woman's partner in marriage; use cautiously and frugally
  • husky - deep and harsh sounding as if from shouting or illness or emotion; muscular and heavily built; breed of heavy-coated Arctic sled dog
  • hutchinson - American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591-1643)
  • hyalin - a glassy translucent material that occurs in hyaline cartilage or in certain skin conditions
  • hyaline - resembling glass in transparency or translucency; a glassy translucent material that occurs in hyaline cartilage or in certain skin conditions
  • hyaloid - resembling glass in transparency or translucency: transparent membrane that enveloping the vitreous humor of the eye and separating it from the retina
  • hydatid - cyst filled with liquid; forms as a result of infestation by tapeworm larvae (as in echinococcosis)
  • hydatidosis - infestation with larval echinococci (tapeworms)
  • hydramnios - an abnormality of pregnancy; accumulation of excess amniotic fluid
  • hydrarthrosis - inflammation and swelling of a movable joint because of excess synovial fluid
  • hydraulics - study of the mechanics of fluids
  • hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
  • hydrocele - disorder in which serous fluid accumulates in a body sac (especially in the scrotum)
  • hydrochloride - a complex consisting of an organic base in association with hydrogen chloride
  • hydrocolloid - a substance that forms a gel with water
  • hydrocortisone - an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • hydrometer - a measuring instrument for determining the specific gravity of a liquid or solid
  • hydronephrosis - accumulation of urine in the kidney because of an obstruction in the ureter
  • hydropathy - the internal and external use of water in the treatment of disease
  • hydrops - swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • hydrotherapy - the internal and external use of water in the treatment of disease
  • hydroxide - a chemical compound containing the hydroxyl group; a compound of an oxide with water
  • hydroxyl - the monovalent group -OH in such compounds as bases and some acids and alcohols
  • hydroxyproline - a crystalline amino acid obtained from gelatin or collagen
  • hygiene - the science concerned with the prevention of illness and maintenance of health; a condition promoting sanitary practices
  • hygienic - tending to promote or preserve health
  • hygienist - a medical specialist in hygiene
  • hymen - a fold of tissue that partly covers the entrance to the vagina of a virgin; (Greek mythology) the god of marriage
  • hyoid - of or relating to the hyoid bone; a U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue that supports the tongue muscles
  • hyoscine - an alkaloid with anticholinergic effects that is used as a sedative and to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils in ophthalmic procedures
  • hyperacidity - excessive acidity
  • hyperactive - more active than normal
  • hyperactivity - a condition characterized by excessive restlessness and movement
  • hyperacusis - abnormal acuteness of hearing due to increased irritability of the sensory neural mechanism; characterized by intolerance for ordinary sound levels
  • hyperadrenalism - a glandular disorder caused by excessive ACTH resulting in greater than normal functioning of the adrenal gland; characterized by obesity
  • hyperaemia - increased blood in an organ or other body part
  • hypercapnia - the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
  • hyperemesis - severe and excessive vomiting
  • hyperextension - greater than normal extension
  • hyperglycaemia - abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
  • hyperhidrosis - excessive and profuse perspiration
  • hyperlipidaemia - presence of excess lipids in the blood
  • hypermetropia - abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects
  • hyperopia - abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects
  • hyperpiesia - persistent and pathological high blood pressure for which no specific cause can be found
  • hyperpiesis - persistent and pathological high blood pressure for which no specific cause can be found
  • hyperpituitarism - excessive activity of the pituitary gland (especially overactivity of the anterior lobe which leads to excess secretion of growth hormone)
  • hyperplasia - abnormal increase in number of cells
  • hyperpyrexia - extremely high fever (especially in children)
  • hypersecretion - excessive secretion
  • hypersensitive - having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor)
  • hypersensitivity - extreme sensitivity; pathological sensitivity
  • hypersplenism - enlarged spleen and a decrease in one or more types of blood cells; associated with many disorders
  • hypertension - a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
  • hypertensive - having abnormally high blood pressure; a person who has abnormally high blood pressure
  • hyperthermia - abnormally high body temperature; sometimes induced (as in treating some forms of cancer)
  • hypertonia - (of muscular tissue) the state of being hypertonic
  • hypertonic - (of a solution) having a higher osmotic pressure than a comparison solution; (of living tissue) in a state of abnormally high tension
  • hypertrophy - abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ: undergo hypertrophy
  • hyperventilate - breathe excessively hard and fast; produce hyperventilation in
  • hypervitaminosis - an abnormal condition resulting from taking vitamins excessively; can be serious for vitamins A or D or K
  • hypervolaemia - a blood disorder consisting of an increase in the volume of circulating blood
  • hypnosis - a state that resembles sleep but that is induced by suggestion
  • hypnotherapy - the use of hypnosis in psychotherapy
  • hypnotic - attracting and holding interest as if by a spell; of or relating to hypnosis; a drug that induces sleep
  • hypnotise - induce hypnosis in
  • hypnotism - the act of inducing hypnosis
  • hypnotist - a person who induces hypnosis
  • hypnotize - induce hypnosis in
  • hypo - a compound used as a fixing agent in photographic developing; a piston syringe that is fitted with a hypodermic needle for giving injections
  • hypocalcaemia - abnormally low level of calcium in the blood; associated with hypoparathyroidism or kidney malfunction or vitamin D deficiency
  • hypocapnia - a state in which the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is lower than normal; can result from deep or rapid breathing
  • hypochondria - chronic and abnormal anxiety about imaginary symptoms and ailments
  • hypochondriac - suffering from hypochondria; a patient with imaginary symptoms and ailments
  • hypochondrium - the upper region of the abdomen just below the lowest ribs on either side of the epigastrium
  • hypodermic - relating to or located below the epidermis; a piston syringe that is fitted with a hypodermic needle for giving injections
  • hypoglossal - supplies intrinsic muscles of the tongue and other tongue muscles
  • hypoglycaemia - abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
  • hypoglycaemic - of or relating to hypoglycemia
  • hypoparathyroidism - inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
  • hypophyseal - of or relating to the hypophysis
  • hypophysectomy - surgical removal of the pituitary gland
  • hypophysis - the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
  • hypoplasia - underdevelopment of an organ because of a decrease in the number of cells
  • hypospadias - an abnormal condition in males in which the urethra opens on the under surface of the penis
  • hypotension - abnormally low blood pressure
  • hypotensive - having abnormally low blood pressure; a person who has abnormally low blood pressure
  • hypothalamic - of or relating to the hypothalamus
  • hypothalamus - a basal part of the diencephalon governing autonomic nervous system
  • hypothermia - subnormal body temperature
  • hypothermic - of or relating to or affected by hypothermia
  • hypothyroidism - an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
  • hypotonia - (of muscular tissue) the state of being hypotonic
  • hypotonic - (of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a comparison solution; (of living tissue) lacking normal tone or tension
  • hypovitaminosis - any of several diseases caused by deficiency of one or more vitamins
  • hypoxia - a very strong drive resulting from a deficiency of available oxygen in the blood and bodily tissues (short of anoxia)
  • hysterectomy - surgical removal of the uterus
  • hysterical - marked by excessive or uncontrollable emotion: characterized by or arising from psychoneurotic hysteria
  • hysterically - in a hysterical manner
  • hysterics - an attack of hysteria
  • hysteroscopy - visual examination of the uterus and uterine lining using an endoscope inserted through the vagina
  • hysterotomy - surgical incision into the uterus (as in cesarean section)
  • iatrogenic - induced by a physician's words or therapy (used especially of a complication resulting from treatment)
  • ichthyosis - any of several congenital diseases in which the skin is fishlike (dry and scaly)
  • icsh - a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary; stimulates ovulation in female mammals and stimulates androgen release in male mammals
  • icteric - affected by jaundice which causes yellowing of skin etc
  • ictus - a sudden occurrence (or recurrence) of a disease
  • icu - a hospital unit staffed and equipped to provide intensive care
  • ideation - the process of forming and relating ideas
  • identifiable - capable of being identified
  • identified - having the identity known or established
  • identifier - a symbol that establishes the identity of the one bearing it
  • identifying - serving to distinguish or identify a species or group
  • idiocy - extreme mental retardation
  • idiopathic - (of diseases) arising from an unknown cause
  • idiopathy - any disease arising from internal dysfunctions of unknown cause
  • idiosyncrasy - a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
  • idiot - a person of subnormal intelligence
  • ie - that is to say; in other words; a commercial browser
  • ig - a class of proteins produced in lymph tissue in vertebrates and that function as antibodies in the immune response
  • iga - one of the most common of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; the chief antibody in the membranes of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts
  • igd - one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; present in blood serum in small amounts
  • ige - one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; present primarily in the skin and mucous membranes
  • igg - one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; the main antibody defense against bacteria
  • igm - one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; involved in fighting blood infections and in triggering production of immunoglobulin G
  • ignore - be ignorant of or in the dark about; refuse to acknowledge: fail to notice; give little or no attention to; bar from attention or consideration
  • il - a Midwest state in north-central United States
  • ileitis - inflammation of the ileum
  • ileum - the part of the small intestine between the jejunum and the cecum
  • ileus - blockage of the intestine (especially the ileum) that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing to the lower bowel
  • iliac - of or relating to the ilium
  • ilium - the upper and widest of the three bones making up the hipbone; an ancient city in Asia Minor that was the site of the Trojan War
  • illegal - prohibited by law or by official or accepted rules
  • illegally - in an illegal manner
  • illness - impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
  • imagery - the ability to form mental images of things or events
  • imaginary - not based on fact; dubious; (mathematics) a number of the form a+bi where a and b are real numbers and i is the square root of -1
  • imagine - form a mental image of something that is not present or that is not the case; expect, believe, or suppose
  • imagined - not based on fact; dubious
  • imaging - (medicine) obtaining pictures of the interior of the body: the ability to form mental images of things or events
  • imbalance - a lack of balance or state of disequilibrium: (mathematics) a lack of symmetry
  • imipramine - a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Imavate and Tofranil) used to treat clinical depression
  • immaturity - not having reached maturity
  • immediately - without delay or hesitation; with no time intervening: near or close by; bearing an immediate relation
  • imminent - close in time; about to occur
  • immiscible - (chemistry, physics) incapable of mixing
  • immobile - not capable of movement or of being moved; securely fixed in place
  • immobilisation - the act of limiting movement or making incapable of movement; fixation (as by a plaster cast) of a body part in order to promote proper healing
  • immobility - the quality of not moving; remaining in place
  • immobilization - the act of limiting movement or making incapable of movement; fixation (as by a plaster cast) of a body part in order to promote proper healing
  • immovable - not able or intended to be moved; property consisting of houses and land
  • immunisation - the act of making immune (especially by inoculation)
  • immunise - perform vaccinations or produce immunity in by inoculation; law: grant immunity from prosecution
  • immunised - having been rendered unsusceptible to a disease
  • immunization - the act of making immune (especially by inoculation)
  • immunization - the act of making immune (especially by inoculation)
  • immunize - perform vaccinations or produce immunity in by inoculation; law: grant immunity from prosecution
  • immunoassay - identification of a substance (especially a protein) by its action as an antigen
  • immunocompetence - the ability to develop an immune response following exposure to an antigen
  • immunocompromised - unable to develop a normal immune response usually because of malnutrition or immunodeficiency or immunosuppressive therapy
  • immunodeficiency - immunological disorder in which some part of the body's immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced
  • immunodeficient - incapable of developing an immune response following exposure to an antigen
  • immunoelectrophoresis - electrophoresis to separate antigens and antibodies
  • immunogenic - possessing the ability to elicit an immune response
  • immunogenicity - the property of eliciting an immune response
  • immunoglobulin - a class of proteins produced in lymph tissue in vertebrates and that function as antibodies in the immune response
  • immunological - of or relating to immunology
  • immunologically - from the point of view of immunology
  • immunologist - a medical scientist who specializes in immunology
  • immunology - the branch of medical science that studies the body's immune system
  • immunosuppressant - a drug that lowers the body's normal immune response
  • immunotherapy - therapy designed to produce immunity to a disease or to enhance resistance by the immune system
  • impacted - wedged or packed in together
  • impair - make worse or less effective; make imperfect
  • impaired - diminished in strength, quality, or utility; mentally or physically unfit
  • impalpable - imperceptible to the senses or the mind; not perceptible to the touch; incapable of being perceived by the senses especially the sense of touch
  • impartial - showing lack of favoritism; free from undue bias or preconceived opinions
  • impatient - (usually followed by `to') full of eagerness; restless or short of temper under delay or opposition
  • impediment - any structure that makes progress difficult; something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
  • imperforate - not perforated; having no opening
  • impermeable - preventing especially liquids to pass or diffuse through
  • impetigo - a very contagious infection of the skin; common in children; localized redness develops into small blisters that gradually crust and erode
  • implant - a prosthesis placed permanently in tissue; become attached to and embedded in the uterus; fix or set securely or deeply; put firmly in the mind
  • implanted - (used especially of ideas or principles) deeply rooted; firmly fixed or held
  • implemented - forced or compelled or put in force
  • implicated - culpably involved
  • importance - the quality of being important and worthy of note; a prominent status
  • impossible - not capable of occurring or being accomplished or dealt with; totally unlikely; used of persons or their behavior: something that cannot be done
  • impotence - an inability (usually of the male animal) to copulate; the quality of lacking strength or power; being weak and feeble
  • impotent - lacking power or ability; (of a male) unable to copulate
  • impregnate - make pregnant; fertilize and cause to grow; infuse or fill completely; fill, as with a certain quality
  • improve - get better; to make better
  • improvement - the act of improving something; a change for the better; progress in development; a condition superior to an earlier condition
  • improving - getting higher or more vigorous
  • impure - (used of persons or behaviors) immoral or obscene: combined with extraneous elements; ritually unclean or impure
  • impurity - the condition of being impure; worthless or dangerous material that should be removed
  • inability - lacking the power to perform; lack of ability (especially mental ability) to do something
  • inaccessible - capable of being reached only with great difficulty or not at all; not capable of being obtained
  • inactivity - being inactive; being less active; a disposition to remain inactive or inert; the state of being inactive
  • inadequate - (sometimes followed by `to') not meeting the requirements especially of a task; not sufficient to meet a need
  • inadequately - in an inadequate manner or to an inadequate degree
  • inadvertent - without intention (especially resulting from heedless action)
  • inanition - exhaustion resulting from lack of food; weakness characterized by a lack of vitality or energy
  • inappropriate - not suitable for a particular occasion etc; not in keeping with what is correct or proper
  • inarticulate - without or deprived of the use of speech or words
  • inattentiveness - the trait of not being considerate and thoughtful of others; a lack of attentiveness (as to children or helpless people)
  • inborn - normally existing at birth; present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • inbreeding - the act of mating closely related individuals
  • incapacitate - injure permanently; make unable to perform a certain action
  • incapacitated - lacking in or deprived of strength or power
  • incest - sexual intercourse between persons too closely related to marry (as between a parent and a child)
  • incidence - the striking of a light beam on a surface; the relative frequency of occurrence of something
  • incipient - only partly in existence; imperfectly formed
  • incise - make an incision into by carving or cutting
  • incised - cut into with a sharp instrument; sharply and deeply indented; cut or impressed into a surface
  • incision - the cutting of or into body tissues or organs (especially by a surgeon as part of an operation); a depression scratched or carved into a surface
  • incisor - a tooth for cutting or gnawing; located in the front of the mouth in both jaws
  • included - enclosed in the same envelope or package
  • inclusive - including much or everything; and especially including stated limits
  • incoherent - unable to express yourself clearly or fluently; without logical or meaningful connection
  • incompetence - lack of physical or intellectual ability or qualifications; inability of a part or organ to function properly
  • incomplete - not complete or total; not completed; not yet finished
  • incontinence - involuntary urination or defecation; indiscipline with regard to sensuous pleasures
  • incontinent - not having control over urination and defecation
  • incoordination - a lack of coordination of movements
  • incorrect - not correct; not in conformity with fact or truth
  • incorrectly - in an incorrect manner; in an incorrect manner
  • increased - made greater in size or amount or degree
  • increasing - becoming greater or larger; music
  • increasingly - advancing in amount or intensity
  • incubator - apparatus consisting of a box designed to maintain a constant temperature by the use of a thermostat; used for chicks or premature infants
  • incurable - unalterable in disposition or habits; incapable of being cured; a person whose disease is incurable
  • incurably - in a manner impossible to cure; to an incurable degree
  • incus - the ossicle between the malleus and the stapes
  • independently - on your own; without outside help; apart from others
  • inderal - the first beta blocker (trade name Inderal) used in treating hypertension and angina pectoris and essential tremor
  • indigenous - originating where it is found
  • indigestion - a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea
  • indisposed - (usually followed by `to') strongly opposed; somewhat ill or prone to illness
  • indisposition - a slight illness; a certain degree of unwillingness
  • individualise - make personal or more personal; make or mark or treat as individual
  • individualised - made for or directed or adjusted to a particular individual
  • individualize - make or mark or treat as individual; make personal or more personal
  • individually - apart from others
  • indolent - (of tumors e.g) slow to heal or develop and usually painless; disinclined to work or exertion
  • indomethacin - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Indocin)
  • indrawn - tending to reserve or introspection
  • induced - brought about or caused; not spontaneous
  • inducing - act of bringing about a desired result
  • induration - any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue
  • indwelling - existing or residing as an inner activating spirit or force or principle
  • ineffective - lacking the ability or skill to perform effectively; inadequate; not producing an intended effect; lacking in power or forcefulness
  • inequality - lack of equality
  • inert - slow and apathetic; unable to move or resist motion; having only a limited ability to react chemically; chemically inactive
  • infancy - the earliest state of immaturity; the early stage of growth or development
  • infant - a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk
  • infanticide - murdering an infant; a person who murders an infant
  • infantile - being or befitting or characteristic of an infant; of or relating to infants or infancy; indicating a lack of maturity
  • infantilism - infantile behavior in mature persons; an abnormal condition in which an older child or adult retains infantile characteristics
  • infarct - localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
  • infarction - localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
  • infect - contaminate with a disease or microorganism; communicate a disease to; affect in a contagious way; contaminate with ideas or an ideology
  • infected - containing or resulting from disease-causing organisms
  • infected - containing or resulting from disease-causing organisms
  • infectious - easily spread; caused by infection or capable of causing infection; of or relating to infection
  • infective - able to cause disease; caused by infection or capable of causing infection
  • inferiority - an inferior quality; the quality of being a competitive disadvantage; the state of being inferior
  • infertile - incapable of reproducing
  • infertility - the state of being unable to produce offspring; in a woman it is an inability to conceive; in a man it is an inability to impregnate
  • infest - invade in great numbers; live on or in a host, as of parasites: occupy in large numbers or live on a host
  • infestation - a swarm of insects that attack plants; the state of being invaded or overrun by parasites
  • infested - (often followed by `with' or used in combination) troubled by or encroached upon in large numbers
  • infinitely - continuing forever without end; without bounds
  • infirm - lacking firmness of will or character or purpose; lacking physical strength or vitality
  • infirmary - a health facility where patients receive treatment
  • infirmity - the state of being weak in health or body (especially from old age)
  • inflame - become inflamed; get sore; cause inflammation in; arouse or excite feelings and passions; cause to start burning; catch fire
  • inflamed - adorned with tongues of flame; resulting from inflammation; hot and swollen and reddened; lighted with red light as if with flames
  • inflammatory - characterized or caused by inflammation; arousing to action or rebellion
  • inflatable - designed to be filled with air or gas
  • influenza - an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  • inform - give character or essence to; impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to; act as an informer
  • informal - not formal; used of spoken and written language; not officially recognized or controlled; having or fostering a warm or friendly and informal atmosphere
  • informally - without formality; in a casual way; at home; with the use of colloquial expressions
  • informed - having much knowledge or education
  • infra - (in writing) see below
  • infrequently - not many times
  • infundibulum - any of various funnel-shaped parts of the body (but especially the hypophyseal stalk)
  • ingesta - solid and liquid nourishment taken into the body through the mouth
  • ingestion - the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
  • ingredient - a component of a mixture or compound; food that is a component of a mixture in cooking; an abstract part of something
  • ingrowing - growing abnormally into the flesh
  • ingrown - growing abnormally into the flesh
  • inguinal - of or relating to or near the groin
  • inh - antibacterial drug (trade name Nydrazid) used to treat tuberculosis
  • inhalant - inhaling or serving for inhalation; a medication to be taken by inhaling it; something that is inhaled
  • inhalation - the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing; a medication to be taken by inhaling it
  • inhale - draw in (air); draw deep into the lungs in by breathing
  • inhaler - a dispenser that produces a chemical vapor to be inhaled in order to relieve nasal congestion
  • inherent - in the nature of something though not readily apparent: existing as an essential constituent or characteristic
  • inherit - obtain from someone after their death; receive by genetic transmission; receive from a predecessor
  • inherited - tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
  • inhibit - limit the range or extent of; to put down by force or authority
  • inhibitor - a substance that retards or stops an activity
  • inhibitory - restrictive of action
  • inion - the craniometric point that is the most prominent point at the back of the head (at the occipital protuberance)
  • initial - occurring at the beginning; the first letter of a word (especially a person's name); mark with one's initials
  • initially - at the beginning
  • injure - cause injuries or bodily harm to; cause damage or affect negatively; hurt the feelings of
  • injured - usually used of physical or mental injury to persons
  • inlet - an arm off of a larger body of water (often between rocky headlands)
  • inn - a hotel providing overnight lodging for travelers
  • innards - internal organs collectively (especially those in the abdominal cavity)
  • innermost - situated or occurring farthest within; being deepest within the self
  • innervate - stimulate to action; supply nerves to (some organ or body part)
  • innervation - the distribution of nerve fibers to an organ or body region; the neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or gland
  • innovative - being or producing something like nothing done or experienced or created before; ahead of the times
  • inoculant - a substance (a virus or toxin or immune serum) that is introduced into the body to produce or increase immunity to a particular disease
  • inoculating - the act of protecting against disease by introducing a vaccine into the body to induce immunity
  • inoculation - taking a vaccine as a precaution against contracting a disease
  • inoculum - a substance (a virus or toxin or immune serum) that is introduced into the body to produce or increase immunity to a particular disease
  • inoperable - not suitable for surgery; not able to perform its normal function
  • inorganic - relating or belonging to the class of compounds not having a carbon basis; lacking the properties characteristic of living organisms
  • inpatient - a patient who is residing in the hospital where he is being treated
  • inquest - an inquiry into the cause of an unexpected death
  • inquiry - a systematic investigation of a matter of public interest; a search for knowledge; an instance of questioning
  • insane - afflicted with or characteristic of mental derangement; very foolish
  • insanitary - not sanitary or healthful
  • insanity - relatively permanent disorder of the mind
  • insect - small air-breathing arthropod; a person who has a nasty or unethical character undeserving of respect
  • insecticide - a chemical used to kill insects
  • insecure - lacking self-confidence or assurance; lacking in security or safety; not firm or firmly fixed; likely to fail or give way; not safe from attack
  • insecurity - the anxiety you experience when you feel vulnerable and insecure; the state of being subject to danger or injury
  • insensible - unresponsive to stimulation; incapable of physical sensation; unaware of or indifferent to; barely able to be perceived
  • insertion - the act of putting one thing into another; a message (spoken or written) that is introduced or inserted
  • insidious - working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way; intended to entrap; beguiling but harmful
  • insoluble - without hope of solution; (of a substance) incapable of being dissolved; admitting of no solution or explanation
  • insomnia - an inability to sleep; chronic sleeplessness
  • insomniac - experiencing or accompanied by sleeplessness: someone who cannot sleep
  • inspect - look over carefully; examine carefully for accuracy with the intent of verification; come to see in an official or professional capacity
  • inspection - a formal or official examination
  • inspiratory - pertaining to the drawing in phase respiration
  • inspissation - the process of thickening by dehydration; the act of thickening
  • instantly - without any delay; without delay or hesitation; with no time intervening
  • instead - in place of, or as an alternative to; on the contrary
  • instep - the part of a shoe or stocking that covers the arch of the foot; the arch of the foot
  • instil - enter drop by drop
  • instillation - the introduction of a liquid (by pouring or injection) drop by drop; a liquid that is instilled drop by drop
  • instinct - (followed by `with')deeply filled or permeated; inborn pattern of behavior often responsive to specific stimuli
  • instinctive - unthinking; prompted by (or as if by) instinct
  • institute - an association organized to promote art or science or education; advance or set forth in court; set up or lay the groundwork for
  • institutional - organized as or forming an institution; relating to or constituting or involving an institution
  • institutionalise - cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution
  • institutionalize - cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution
  • instructions - a manual usually accompanying a technical device and explaining how to install or operate it
  • instrumental - relating to or designed for or performed on musical instruments; serving or acting as a means or aid
  • insufficiency - lack of an adequate quantity or number; (pathology) inability of a bodily part or organ to function normally; a lack of competence
  • insufficient - of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement
  • insufflation - an act of blowing or breathing on or into something: (medicine) blowing air or medicated powder into the lungs (or into some other body cavity)
  • insulin - hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas; regulates storage of glycogen in the liver and accelerates oxidation of sugar in cells
  • intake - an opening through which fluid is admitted to a tube or container; the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
  • integrative - combining and coordinating diverse elements into a whole; tending to consolidate
  • integument - an outer protective covering such as the skin of an animal or a cuticle or seed coat or rind or shell
  • intellect - knowledge and intellectual ability; the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination; a person who uses the mind creatively
  • intelligible - well articulated or enunciated, and loud enough to be heard distinctly; capable of being apprehended or understood
  • intelligibly - in an intelligible manner
  • intended - future; betrothed; intentional or planned
  • intense - (of color) having the highest saturation; in an extreme degree; extremely sharp or intense
  • intensifying - increasing in strength or intensity
  • intentionally - with intention; in an intentional manner
  • inter - place in a grave or tomb
  • interact - act together or towards others or with others
  • interbreed - breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties
  • intercellular - located between cells
  • intercostal - located or occurring between the ribs; muscles between the ribs; they contract during inspiration
  • interdisciplinary - drawing from or characterized by participation of two or more fields of study
  • interested - having or showing interest; especially curiosity or fascination or concern; involved in or affected by or having a claim to or share in
  • interfere - come between so as to be hindrance or obstacle; get involved, so as to alter or hinder an action, or through force or threat of force
  • interfering - intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner
  • interferon - an antiviral protein produced by cells that have been invaded by a virus; inhibits replication of the virus
  • interleukin - any of several lymphokines that promote macrophages and killer T cells and B cells and other components of the immune system
  • interlobular - between lobes or lobules
  • intermittent - stopping and starting at irregular intervals; stopping and starting at regular intervals
  • intern - an advanced student or graduate in medicine gaining supervised practical experience (`houseman' is a British term); work as an intern; deprive of freedom
  • internally - on or from the inside
  • internationally - throughout the world
  • internist - a specialist in internal medicine
  • interoceptor - any receptor that responds to stimuli inside the body
  • interpreted - understood in a certain way; made sense of
  • interrupted - discontinued temporarily; intermittently stopping and starting
  • intersex - one having both male and female sexual characteristics and organs; at birth an unambiguous assignment of male or female cannot be made
  • interstice - small opening between things; a small structural space between tissues or parts of an organ
  • interstitial - of or relating to interstices
  • intertrigo - chafing between two skin surfaces that are in contact (as in the armpit or under the breasts or between the thighs)
  • intervening - standing between or separating two objects or areas: occurring or falling between events or points in time
  • intervertebral - pertaining to the space between two vertebrae
  • intestinal - of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • intestine - the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • intestine - the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • intima - the innermost membrane of an organ (especially the inner lining of an artery or vein or lymphatic vessel)
  • intolerance - impatience with annoyances; unwillingness to recognize and respect differences in opinions or beliefs
  • intoxicant - able to intoxicate; a drug that can produce a state of intoxication; a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent
  • intoxicate - have an intoxicating effect on, of a drug; make drunk (with alcoholic drinks); fill with high spirits; fill with optimism
  • intoxicated - stupefied or excited by a chemical substance (especially alcohol); as if under the influence of alcohol
  • intracellular - located or occurring within a cell or cells
  • intracerebral - within the brain
  • intracranial - within the skull
  • intractable - not tractable; difficult to manage or mold
  • intracutaneous - relating to areas between the layers of the skin
  • intradermal - relating to areas between the layers of the skin
  • intradermic - relating to areas between the layers of the skin
  • intramural - carried on within the bounds of an institution or community
  • intramuscular - within a muscle
  • intrauterine - within the womb
  • intravenous - within or by means of a vein
  • intravenously - in an intravenous manner
  • intraventricular - within the system of ventricles in the brain
  • intricate - having many complexly arranged elements; elaborate
  • intrinsic - situated within or belonging solely to the organ or body part on which it acts; belonging to a thing by its very nature
  • intro - a brief introductory passage to a piece of popular music: formally making a person known to another or to the public
  • introitus - entrance or opening to a hollow organ or tube (especially the vaginal opening)
  • introspection - the contemplation of your own thoughts and desires and conduct
  • introvert - (psychology) a person who tends to shrink from social contacts and to become preoccupied with their own thoughts; turn inside; fold inwards
  • introverted - given to examining own sensory and perceptual experiences
  • intubate - introduce a cannula or tube into
  • intubation - the insertion of a cannula or tube into a hollow body organ
  • inunction - anointing as part of a religious ceremony or healing ritual
  • invagination - the folding in of an outer layer so as to form a pocket in the surface; the condition of being folded inward or sheathed
  • invalidity - illogicality as a consequence of having a conclusion that does not follow from the premisses
  • invent - come up with (an idea, plan, explanation, theory, or principle) after a mental effort; make up something artificial or untrue
  • invented - formed or conceived by the imagination
  • invention - the act of inventing; a creation (a new device or process) resulting from study and experimentation; the creation of something in the mind
  • inventor - someone who is the first to think of or make something
  • invertase - an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of sucrose into glucose and fructose
  • inverted - being in such a position that top and bottom are reversed: (of a plant ovule) completely inverted; turned back 180 degrees on its stalk
  • investigate - conduct an inquiry or investigation of; investigate scientifically
  • investigating - the work of inquiring into something thoroughly and systematically
  • investigation - the work of inquiring into something thoroughly and systematically; an inquiry into unfamiliar or questionable activities
  • investigative - designed to find information or ascertain facts
  • inveterate - having a habit of long standing
  • invisible - impossible or nearly impossible to see; imperceptible by the eye; not prominent or readily noticeable
  • involuntary - not subject to the control of the will; controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control
  • involved - emotionally involved; entangled or hindered as if e.g. in mire; connected by participation or association or use; enveloped: highly complex or intricate
  • inward - relating to or existing in the mind or thoughts; directed or moving inward or toward a center; toward the center or interior; to or toward the inside of
  • inwards - toward the center or interior; to or toward the inside of
  • ion - a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons
  • ionise - convert into ions; become converted into ions
  • ionised - converted totally or partly into ions
  • ionize - convert into ions; become converted into ions
  • iontophoresis - therapy that uses a local electric current to introduce the ions of a medicine into the tissues
  • ip - the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information
  • ipecac - a medicinal drug used to evoke vomiting (especially in cases of drug overdose or poisoning)
  • ipsilateral - on or relating to the same side (of the body)
  • iq - a measure of a person's intelligence as indicated by an intelligence test; the ratio of a person's mental age to their chronological age (multiplied by 100)
  • iridectomy - surgical removal of part of the iris of the eye
  • iridocyclitis - inflammation of the iris and ciliary body of the eye
  • iridotomy - a surgical procedure that makes an incision in the iris of the eye in order to enlarge the pupil or to treat glaucoma
  • iritis - inflammation of the iris
  • irreducible - incapable of being made smaller or simpler
  • irregularly - in an irregular manner; in an irregular manner; in an irregular manner; having an irregular form
  • irreparable - impossible to repair, rectify, or amend
  • irreversible - incapable of being reversed
  • irritability - an irritable petulant feeling; a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger; excessive sensitivity of an organ or body part
  • irritable - abnormally sensitive to a stimulus; easily irritated or annoyed; capable of responding to stimuli
  • irritant - something that causes irritation and annoyance
  • irritated - feeling inflammation or other discomfort (especially in a part of the body); aroused to impatience or anger
  • irritating - causing physical discomfort; (used of physical stimuli) serving to stimulate or excite; causing irritation or annoyance
  • irving - United States writer of darkly humorous novels (born in 1942); United States writer remembered for his stories (1783-1859)
  • ischaemia - local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism
  • ischaemic - relating to or affected by ischemia
  • ischia - a volcanic island (part of Campania) in the Tyrrhenian Sea at the north end of the Bay of Naples
  • ischium - one of the three sections of the hipbone; situated below the ilium
  • islamic - of or relating to or supporting Islamism
  • islet - a small island
  • isoantibody - an antibody that occurs naturally against foreign tissues from a person of the same species
  • isolate - place or set apart; obtain in pure form; separate (experiences) from the emotions relating to them; set apart from others
  • isoleucine - an essential amino acid found in proteins; isomeric with leucine
  • isoniazid - antibacterial drug (trade name Nydrazid) used to treat tuberculosis
  • isoproterenol - drug (trade name Isuprel) used to treat bronchial asthma and to stimulate the heart
  • isosorbide - drug (trade name Isordil) used to treat angina pectoris and congestive heart failure
  • isotope - one of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with different numbers of neutrons
  • it - the branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and transmit information
  • itching - an irritating cutaneous sensation that produces a desire to scratch
  • itchy - causing an irritating cutaneous sensation; being affect with an itch; unable to relax or be still
  • iud - contraceptive device consisting of a piece of bent plastic or metal that is inserted through the vagina into the uterus
  • iv - administration of nutrients through a vein
  • ivp - performing pyelography with intravenous injection of a contrast medium; X-ray picture of the kidneys and ureters after injection of a radiopaque dye
  • ivy - Old World vine with lobed evergreen leaves and black berrylike fruits
  • jacksonian - of or pertaining to Andrew Jackson or his presidency or his concepts of popular democracy; a follower of Andrew Jackson or his ideas
  • jawbone - the jaw in vertebrates that is hinged to open the mouth: talk idly or casually and in a friendly way
  • jealousy - zealous vigilance; a feeling of jealous envy (especially of a rival)
  • jean - (usually plural) close-fitting pants of heavy denim for manual work or casual wear; a coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric
  • jejunostomy - surgical creation of an opening between the jejunum and the anterior abdominal wall; will allow artificial feeding
  • jejunum - the part of the small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum
  • jerking - not having a steady rhythm; an abrupt spasmodic movement
  • jerky - having or revealing stupidity; marked by abrupt transitions: not having a steady rhythm; meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun
  • joachim - Hungarian violinist and composer (1831-1907)
  • johnston - Confederate general in the American Civil War; led the Confederate troops in the West (1807-1891)
  • joined - of or relating to two people who are married to each other: connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks
  • joining - the act of bringing two things into contact (especially for communication)
  • jointed - having joints or jointed segments
  • jointly - in conjunction with; combined; in collaboration or cooperation
  • jonathan - red late-ripening apple; primarily eaten raw
  • journey - the act of traveling from one place to another; undertake a journey or trip; travel upon or across
  • jr - a son who has the same first name as his father
  • judging - the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions
  • jugular - relating to or located in the region of the neck or throat; a vital part that is vulnerable to attack; veins in the neck that return blood from the head
  • juice - any of several liquids of the body; the liquid part that can be extracted from plant or animal tissue; electric current; energetic vitality
  • juvenile - of or relating to or characteristic of or appropriate for children or young people; displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity; a youthful person
  • juxtaposition - the act of positioning close together (or side by side); a side-by-side position
  • ka - unknown god; an epithet of Prajapati and Brahma
  • kahn - United States architect (born in Estonia) (1901-1974)
  • kampala - the capital and largest city of Uganda on the north shore of Lake Victoria
  • kb - a unit of information equal to one thousand (1024) bytes
  • keenness - thinness of edge or fineness of point; a quick and penetrating intelligence; a positive feeling of wanting to push ahead with something
  • keeping - conformity or harmony; the act of retaining something; the responsibility of a guardian or keeper
  • keloid - raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury; results from excessive tissue repair
  • ken - the range of vision; range of what one can know or understand
  • kept - (especially of promises or contracts) not violated or disregarded
  • keratalgia - pain in the cornea
  • keratectasia - abnormal bulging of the cornea of the eye
  • keratin - a fibrous scleroprotein that occurs in the outer layer of the skin and in horny tissues such as hair feathers nails and hooves
  • keratinisation - organic process by which keratin is deposited in cells and the cells become horny (as in nails and hair)
  • keratinise - become horny and impregnated with keratin; convert into keratin
  • keratinization - organic process by which keratin is deposited in cells and the cells become horny (as in nails and hair)
  • keratinize - become horny and impregnated with keratin; convert into keratin
  • keratitis - inflammation of the cornea causing watery painful eyes and blurred vision
  • keratoconjunctivitis - inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva
  • keratoconus - abnormal cone-shaped protrusion of the cornea of the eye; can be treated by epikeratophakia
  • keratomalacia - softening and drying and ulceration of the cornea resulting from vitamin A deficiency; symptom of cystic fibrosis or sprue
  • keratoplasty - a surgical procedure in which part or all of a damaged or diseased cornea is replaced by healthy corneal tissue from a donor
  • keratoscope - medical instrument to examine the cornea in order to detect irregularities in its anterior surface
  • keratosis - a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin
  • keratotomy - surgical incision into the cornea
  • kerion - ringworm infection of the hair follicles of the scalp and beard that usually results in a swelling that is covered with pustules and oozes fluid
  • kernicterus - an abnormal accumulation of bile pigment in the brain and other nerve tissue; causes yellow staining and tissue damage
  • ketoacidosis - acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus
  • ketone - any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals
  • ketonuria - excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation
  • ketoprofen - nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Orudis or Orudis KT or Oruvail)
  • ketosis - an abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the blood as in diabetes mellitus
  • ketosteroid - a steroid containing a ketone group
  • keyhole - the hole where a key is inserted
  • kg - one thousand grams; the basic unit of mass adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • kidney - either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • killing - very funny; the act of terminating a life; an event that causes someone to die; a very large profit
  • kilo - one thousand grams; the basic unit of mass adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • kilogram - one thousand grams; the basic unit of mass adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • kin - related by blood; group of people related by blood or marriage: a person having kinship with another or others
  • kinaesthesia - the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body: the perception of body position and movement and muscular tensions etc
  • kinanesthesia - inability to sense movement
  • kinase - an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of a proenzyme to an active enzyme
  • kine - domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age
  • kinematics - the branch of mechanics concerned with motion without reference to force or mass
  • kinesiology - the branch of physiology that studies the mechanics and anatomy in relation to human movement
  • kinesis - a movement that is a response to a stimulus but is not oriented with respect to the source of stimulation
  • kinesthesia - the perception of body position and movement and muscular tensions etc; the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body
  • kinetic - characterized by motion; relating to the motion of material bodies and the forces associated therewith; supplying motive force
  • kinin - any of a class of plant hormones that promote cell division and delay the senescence of leaves
  • kitchen - a room equipped for preparing meals
  • klebsiella - a genus of nonmotile rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; some cause respiratory and other infections
  • kleptomania - an irresistible impulse to steal in the absence of any economic motive
  • kleptomaniac - someone with an irrational urge to steal in the absence of an economic motive
  • klinefelter - United States physician who first described the XXY-syndrome (born in 1912)
  • km - a metric unit of length equal to 1000 meters (or 0.621371 miles)
  • kneecap - a small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that protects the knee joint; shoot in the kneecap, often done by terrorist groups as a warning
  • kneeling - supporting yourself on your knees
  • knitted - made by intertwining threads in a series of connected loops rather than by weaving
  • knitting - creating knitted wear; needlework created by interlacing yarn in a series of connected loops using straight eyeless needles or by machine
  • knowledge - the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
  • known - apprehended with certainty
  • knuckle - a joint of a finger when the fist is closed; shoot a marble while keeping one's knuckles on the ground; press or rub with the knuckles
  • koch - German bacteriologist who isolated the anthrax bacillus and the tubercle bacillus and the cholera bacillus (1843-1910)
  • kraurosis - atrophy and shriveling of the skin or mucous membrane
  • krebs - English biochemist (born in Germany) who discovered the Krebs cycle (1900-1981)
  • ks - a state in midwestern United States
  • kt - the unit of measurement for the proportion of gold in an alloy; 18-karat gold is 75% gold; 24-karat gold is pure gold
  • kw - a unit of power equal to 1000 watts
  • kwa - a group of African language in the Niger-Congo group spoken from the Ivory Coast east to Nigeria
  • kwashiorkor - severe malnutrition in children resulting from a diet excessively high in carbohydrates and low in protein
  • kyphosis - an abnormal backward curve to the vertebral column
  • kyphotic - characteristic of or suffering from kyphosis, an abnormality of the vertebral column
  • lab - a workplace for the conduct of scientific research
  • labeled - bearing or marked with a label or tag
  • labelled - bearing or marked with a label or tag
  • labial - relating to or near the female labium; of or relating to the lips of the mouth; a consonant whose articulation involves movement of the lips
  • labile - open to change; liable to change; (chemistry, physics, biology) readily undergoing change or breakdown
  • labium - any of the four lip-shaped folds of the female vulva
  • laboured - requiring or showing effort; lacking natural ease
  • labyrinthitis - inflammation of the inner ear; can cause vertigo and vomiting
  • lacerate - having edges that are jagged from injury; irregularly slashed and jagged as if torn; cut or tear irregularly; deeply hurt the feelings of; distress
  • lacerated - having edges that are jagged from injury; irregularly slashed and jagged as if torn
  • laceration - the act of lacerating; a torn ragged wound
  • lachrymal - relating to or located near the organ that produces tears; of or relating to tears
  • lack - the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable: be without
  • lacking - not existing; inadequate in amount or degree
  • lacrimal - relating to or located near the organ that produces tears: of or relating to tears
  • lacrimation - shedding tears
  • lacrimator - a gas that makes the eyes fill with tears but does not damage them; used in dispersing crowds
  • lactase - any of a group of enzymes (trade name Lactaid) that hydrolyze lactose to glucose and galactose
  • lactate - a salt or ester of lactic acid; give suck to
  • lactating - producing or secreting milk
  • lactic - of or relating to or obtained from milk (especially sour milk or whey)
  • lactobacillus - Gram-positive rod-shaped bacteria that produce lactic acid especially in milk
  • lactogenic - inducing lactation
  • lactose - a sugar comprising one glucose molecule linked to a galactose molecule; occurs only in milk
  • lactosuria - presence of lactose in the urine; can occur during pregnancy or lactation
  • lacuna - a blank gap or missing part; an ornamental sunken panel in a ceiling or dome
  • lady - a woman of the peerage in Britain; a polite name for any woman; a woman of refinement
  • laid - set down according to a plan:"a carefully laid table with places set for four people"
  • lambda - the craniometric point at the junction of the sagittal and lamboid sutures of the skull; the 11th letter of the Greek alphabet
  • lameness - an imperfection or defectiveness; disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
  • lamina - a thin plate or layer (especially of bone or mineral)
  • laminectomy - surgical removal of the bony arches on one or more vertebrae
  • lamp - an artificial source of visible illumination; a piece of furniture holding one or more electric light bulbs
  • lancet - a surgical knife with a pointed double-edged blade; used for punctures and small incisions; an acutely pointed Gothic arch, like a lance
  • lancinate - as physically painful as if caused by a sharp instrument
  • lancinating - as physically painful as if caused by a sharp instrument
  • lange - United States photographer remembered for her portraits of rural workers during the Depression (1895-1965)
  • lanugo - the fine downy hair covering a human fetus; normally shed during the ninth month of gestation
  • laparoscope - a slender endoscope inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall in order to examine the abdominal organs or to perform minor surgery
  • laparoscopy - laparotomy performed with a laparoscope that makes a small incision to examine the abdominal cavity (especially the ovaries and Fallopian tubes)
  • laparotomy - surgical incision into the abdominal wall; often done to examine abdominal organs
  • laparotomy - surgical incision into the abdominal wall; often done to examine abdominal organs
  • lard - soft white semisolid fat obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of the hog; prepare or cook with lard; add details to
  • largely - in large part; mainly or chiefly; on a large scale
  • larger - large or big relative to something else
  • laryngeal - of or relating to or situated in the larynx
  • laryngectomy - surgical removal of part or all of the larynx (usually to treat cancer of the larynx)
  • laryngismus - laryngeal spasm caused by the sudden contraction of laryngeal muscles
  • laryngitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx; characterized by hoarseness or loss of voice and coughing
  • laryngopharyngeal - of or relating to the larynx and pharynx
  • laryngopharynx - the lower part of the pharynx
  • laryngoscope - a medical instrument for examining the larynx
  • laryngospasm - a closure of the larynx that blocks the passage of air to the lungs
  • laryngostenosis - abnormal narrowing of the larynx
  • laryngotracheobronchitis - inflammation of the larynx and trachea and bronchial passageways
  • larynx - a cartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea; contains elastic vocal cords that are the source of the vocal tone in speech
  • laser - an acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation; an optical device that produces an intense monochromatic beam of coherent light
  • lasix - commonly used diuretic (trade name Lasix) used to treat hypertension and edema
  • lassa - the sacred city of Lamaism; known as the Forbidden City for its former inaccessibility and hostility to strangers
  • latent - not presently active; potentially existing but not presently evident or realized
  • lateral - lying away from the median and sagittal plane of a body: situated at or extending to the side; a pass to a receiver upfield from the passer
  • laterally - in a lateral direction or location; to or by or from the side
  • latest - in the current fashion or style; up to the immediate present; most recent or most up-to-date; the most recent news or development
  • latex - a milky exudate from certain plants that coagulates on exposure to air; a water-base paint that has a latex binder
  • latter - referring to the second of two things or persons mentioned (or the last one or ones of several); the second of two or the second mentioned of two
  • laudanum - narcotic consisting of an alcohol solution of opium or any preparation in which opium is the main ingredient
  • laughing - showing or feeling mirth or pleasure or happiness
  • laundry - workplace where clothes are washed and ironed: garments or white goods that can be cleaned by laundering
  • lavage - washing out a hollow organ (especially the stomach) by flushing with water
  • laws - the first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit
  • lawyer - a professional person authorized to practice law; conducts lawsuits or gives legal advice
  • laxative - stimulating evacuation of feces; a mild cathartic
  • lazy - moving slowly and gently; disinclined to work or exertion
  • lb - 16 ounces
  • lbj - 36th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Kennedy when Kennedy was assassinated (1908-1973)
  • le - a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)
  • leader - a person who rules or guides or inspires others; a featured article of merchandise sold at a loss in order to draw customers
  • leadership - the activity of leading; the ability to lead; the body of people who lead a group; the status of a leader
  • leafy - having or covered with leaves
  • leakage - the unwanted discharge of a fluid from some container
  • learning - the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge: profound scholarly knowledge
  • leather - an animal skin made smooth and flexible by removing the hair and then tanning; beat with a lather strap
  • leaving - act of departing
  • lecithin - a yellow phospholipid essential for the metabolism of fats; found in egg yolk and in many plant and animal cells; used commercially as an emulsifier
  • led - diode such that light emitted at a p-n junction is proportional to the bias current; color depends on the material used
  • legally - in a legal manner; by law; conforming to the law
  • legged - having legs of a specified kind or number
  • legs - staying power
  • legs - staying power
  • lei - flower arrangement consisting of a circular band of foliage or flowers for ornamental purposes
  • leiomyoma - benign tumor of smooth muscle (usually in the uterus or digestive tract)
  • leiomyosarcoma - sarcoma of smooth muscle; occurs most often digestive tract or uterus or bladder or prostate
  • leipzig - a city in southeastern Germany famous for fairs; formerly a music and publishing center
  • leishmania - flagellate protozoan that causes leishmaniasis
  • leishmaniasis - sores resulting from a tropical infection by protozoa of the genus Leishmania which are spread by sandflies
  • leisure - freedom to choose a pastime or enjoyable activity; time available for ease and relaxation
  • lek - the basic unit of money in Albania
  • lem - a spacecraft that carries astronauts from the command module to the surface of the moon and back
  • lengthen - become long or longer; make longer
  • lengthening - the act of prolonging something
  • lengthwise - running or extending in the direction of the length of a thing; in the direction of the length
  • lent - a period of 40 weekdays from Ash Wednesday to Holy Saturday
  • lenticular - convex on both sides; shaped like a lentil
  • lentigo - a small brownish spot (of the pigment melanin) on the skin
  • leon - a city in central Mexico; a city in northwestern Spain at the foot of the Cantabrian Mountains; a historical area and former kingdom in northwestern Spain
  • leptomeninges - the two innermost layers of the meninges; cerebrospinal fluid circulates between these innermost layers
  • leptomeningitis - inflammation of the leptomeninges
  • leptospira - important pathogens causing Weil's disease or canicola fever
  • leptospirosis - an infectious disease cause by leptospira and transmitted to humans from domestic animals; characterized by jaundice and fever
  • leresis - rambling talkativeness (especially in the aged)
  • lesbian - of female homosexuality; a resident of Lesbos; a female homosexual
  • lesbianism - female homosexuality
  • lesion - any visible abnormal structural change in a bodily part; any break in the skin or an organ caused by violence or surgical incision
  • lessen - decrease in size, extent, or range; wear off or die down: make smaller
  • lessening - a change downward
  • lesser - smaller in size or amount or value; of less size or importance
  • lethal - of an instrument of certain death
  • lethargic - deficient in alertness or activity
  • letterer - a painter of letters
  • letters - the literary culture; scholarly attainment
  • letting - property that is leased or rented out or let
  • leucine - a white crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins that is essential for nutrition; obtained by the hydrolysis of most dietary proteins
  • leucocyte - blood cells that engulf and digest bacteria and fungi; an important part of the body's defense system
  • leucocytosis - an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood as a result of infection (as in leukemia)
  • leucocytosis - an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood as a result of infection (as in leukemia)
  • leucoma - eye disease consisting of an opaque white spot on the cornea
  • leucopenia - an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count
  • leucotomy - surgical interruption of nerve tracts to and from the frontal lobe of the brain; often results in marked cognitive and personality changes
  • leukaemia - malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes; one of the four major types of cancer
  • leukemia - malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes; one of the four major types of cancer
  • leukocyte - blood cells that engulf and digest bacteria and fungi; an important part of the body's defense system
  • leukocytosis - an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood as a result of infection (as in leukemia)
  • leukoderma - a congenital skin condition characterized by spots or bands of unpigmented skin
  • leukoma - eye disease consisting of an opaque white spot on the cornea
  • leukopenia - an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count
  • leukorrhea - discharge of white mucous material from the vagina; often an indication of infection
  • lev - the basic unit of money in Bulgaria
  • levator - a muscle that serves to lift some body part (as the eyelid or lip)
  • levodopa - the levorotatory form of dopa (trade names Bendopa and Brocadopa and Larodopa); as a drug it is used to treat Parkinson's disease
  • lf - 30 to 300 kilohertz
  • lh - a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary; stimulates ovulation in female mammals and stimulates androgen release in male mammals
  • liar - a person who has lied or who lies repeatedly
  • libido - (psychoanalysis) a Freudian term for sexual urge or desire
  • librium - a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
  • licensed - given official approval to act
  • licentiate - holds a license (degree) from a (European) university
  • lidocaine - a local anesthetic (trade names Lidocaine and Xylocaine) used topically on the skin and mucous membranes
  • lienal - of or relating to the spleen
  • lifesaving - saving the lives of drowning persons
  • lifespan - the period during which something is functional (as between birth and death)
  • lifestyle - a manner of living that reflects the person's values and attitudes
  • lifted - held up in the air
  • ligament - any connection or unifying bond; a sheet or band of tough fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages or supporting muscles or organs
  • ligate - bind with a bandage or ligature; bind chemically; join letters in a ligature when writing
  • ligation - (surgery) tying a duct or blood vessel with a ligature (as to prevent bleeding during surgery)
  • lightening - descent of the uterus into the pelvic cavity that occurs late in pregnancy; the fetus is said to have dropped; changing to a lighter color
  • likelihood - the probability of a specified outcome
  • liking - a feeling of pleasure and enjoyment
  • lima - capital and largest city and economic center of Peru; located in western Peru; was capital of the Spanish empire in the New World until the 19th century
  • limbic - of or relating to or forming a limbus
  • limbless - having no limbs
  • limbus - a border or edge of any of various body parts distinguished by color or structure
  • limen - the smallest detectable sensation
  • limping - disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
  • lined - bordered by a line of things; having a lining or liner or a liner; often used in combination; (used especially of skin) marked by lines or seams
  • liniment - a medicinal liquid that is rubbed into the skin to relieve muscular stiffness and pain
  • linked - connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks
  • links - a golf course that is built on sand ground near a shore
  • linseed - the seed of flax used as a source of oil
  • lint - cotton or linen fabric with the nap raised on one side; used to dress wounds; fine ravellings of cotton or linen fibers
  • lip - fleshy folds of tissue as those surrounding the mouth; the top edge of a vessel or other container; an impudent or insolent rejoinder
  • lipaemia - presence of excess lipids in the blood
  • lipase - an enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the breakdown of fats into individual fatty acids that can be absorbed into the bloodstream
  • lipemia - presence of excess lipids in the blood
  • lipidosis - a disorder of lipid metabolism; abnormal levels of certain fats accumulate in the body
  • lipmann - United States biochemist (born in Germany) noted for his studies of metabolic processes (1899-1986)
  • lipoma - a tumor consisting of fatty tissue
  • lipomatosis - pathology in which fat accumulates in lipomas in the body
  • lipoprotein - a conjugated protein having a lipid component; the principal means for transporting lipids in the blood
  • liposarcoma - sarcoma of fat cells
  • lir - the sea personified; father of Manannan; corresponds to Welsh Llyr
  • listed - on a list; officially entered in a roll or list
  • listen - hear with intention; listen and pay attention; pay close attention to; give heed to
  • listening - the act of hearing attentively
  • listeria - any species of the genus Listeria
  • listing - the act of making a list of items; a database containing an ordered array of items (names or topics)
  • listless - lacking zest or vivacity; marked by low spirits; showing no enthusiasm
  • listlessness - inactivity resulting from lethargy and lack of vigor or energy; a feeling of lack of interest or energy
  • liter - a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints)
  • lithiasis - the formation of stones (calculi) in an internal organ
  • lithium - a soft silver-white univalent element of the alkali metal group; the lightest metal known; occurs in several minerals
  • lithotomy - surgical removal of a stone (calculus)
  • lithuresis - passing small stones with the urine
  • litmus - a coloring material (obtained from lichens) that turns red in acid solutions and blue in alkaline solutions; used as a very rough acid-base indicator
  • litre - a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints)
  • livedo - skin disorder characterized by patchy bluish discolorations on the skin
  • livid - furiously angry; (of a light) imparting a deathlike luminosity: anemic looking from illness or emotion; discolored by coagulation of blood beneath the skin
  • lobar - of or relating to or affecting a lobe
  • lobectomy - surgical removal of a lobe from any organ of the body (as the lung or brain)
  • lobotomy - surgical interruption of nerve tracts to and from the frontal lobe of the brain; often results in marked cognitive and personality changes
  • lobular - of or relating to or resembling a lobule
  • lobule - a small lobe or subdivision of a lobe
  • localise - locate; restrict something to a particular area; concentrate on a particular place or spot; identify the location or place of
  • localised - made local or oriented locally; confined or restricted to a particular location
  • localize - restrict something to a particular area; concentrate on a particular place or spot; locate; identify the location or place of
  • localized - made local or oriented locally; confined or restricted to a particular location
  • locally - by a particular locality; to a restricted area of the body
  • located - situated in a particular spot or position
  • loch - Scottish word for a lake; a long narrow inlet of the sea in Scotland (especially when it is nearly landlocked)
  • lochia - substance discharged from the vagina (cellular debris and mucus and blood) that gradually decreases in amount during the weeks following childbirth
  • locked - firmly fastened or secured against opening
  • locking - the act of locking something up to protect it
  • locomotion - self-propelled movement; the power or ability to move
  • locomotor - of or relating to locomotion
  • locule - a small cavity or space within an organ or in a plant or animal
  • loculus - a small cavity or space within an organ or in a plant or animal
  • locum - someone (physician or clergyman) who substitutes temporarily for another member of the same profession
  • logan - a mountain peak in the St. Elias Range in the southwestern Yukon Territory in Canada (19,850 feet high)
  • logging - the work of cutting down trees for timber
  • logy - stunned or confused and slow to react (as from blows or drunkenness or exhaustion)
  • lomotil - trade name of an antidiarrheal
  • longer - for more time; a person with a strong desire for something
  • longest - for the most time
  • longitudinal - over an extended time; running lengthwise; of or relating to lines of longitude
  • longsighted - planning prudently for the future; capable of seeing to a great distance
  • longsightedness - abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects
  • loo - a toilet in England
  • loosely - knitted in a loose manner; in a relaxed manner; not rigid: in a loose manner; without regard to specific details or exceptions
  • lorazepam - tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia
  • lordosis - an abnormal inward (forward) curvature of the vertebral column
  • lordotic - having abnormal sagging of the spine (especially in horses)
  • losses - something lost (especially money lost at gambling)
  • loudly - with relatively high volume; used as a direction in music; to be played relatively loudly; in manner that attracts attention
  • loudness - tasteless showiness; the magnitude of sound (usually in a specified direction)
  • louis - United States prizefighter who was world heavyweight campion for 12 years (1914-1981)
  • lowered - below the surround or below the normal position
  • lowering - darkened by clouds; the act of causing something to move to a lower level; the act of causing to become less
  • lowest - lowest in rank or importance; in the lowest position; nearest the ground
  • lozenge - a small aromatic or medicated candy; a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet
  • lp - a long-playing phonograph record; designed to be played at 33.3 rpm
  • lpn - a nurse who has enough training to be licensed by a state to provide routine care for the sick
  • lr - a radioactive transuranic element synthesized from californium
  • lsd - a powerful hallucinogenic drug manufactured from lysergic acid
  • lu - a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; usually occurs in association with yttrium
  • lubricant - a substance capable of reducing friction by making surfaces smooth or slippery
  • lubricate - make slippery or smooth through the application of a lubricant; apply a lubricant to; have lubricating properties
  • lubricated - smeared with oil or grease to reduce friction
  • lumbar - of or relating to or near the part of the back between the ribs and the hipbones
  • lumbosacral - of or relating to or near the small of the back and the back part of the pelvis between the hips
  • lumpectomy - surgical removal of a tumor without removing much of the surrounding tissue or lymph nodes; performed in some cases of breast cancer
  • lumpy - having lumps; not smooth and even in texture; like or containing small sticky lumps
  • lunate - resembling the new moon in shape
  • lunch - a midday meal; take the midday meal; provide a midday meal for
  • lund - a city in southern Sweden
  • lung - either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • lunula - a crescent-shaped metal ornament of the Bronze Age; the crescent-shaped area at the base of the human fingernail
  • lupus - a constellation in the southern hemisphere near Centaurus: any of several forms of ulcerative skin disease
  • lutein - yellow carotenoid pigments in plants and animal fats and egg yolks
  • luther - German theologian who led the Reformation; believed that salvation is granted on the basis of faith rather than deeds (1483-1546)
  • luxation - displacement or misalignment of a joint or organ
  • lying - given to lying; the deliberate act of deviating from the truth
  • lymph - a thin coagulable fluid (similar to plasma but) containing white blood cells (lymphocytes) and chyle; is conveyed to the blood stream by lymphatic vessels
  • lymphadenitis - inflammation of lymph nodes
  • lymphadenoma - an abnormally enlarged lymph node
  • lymphadenopathy - chronic abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes (usually associated with disease)
  • lymphangiectasis - dilatation of a lymph vessel
  • lymphangiography - roentgenographic examination of lymph nodes and lymph vessels after injection of a radiopaque contrast medium; produces a lymphangiogram
  • lymphangioma - benign angioma consisting of a mass of lymphatic vessels
  • lymphangitis - inflammation of a lymph vessel
  • lymphatic - of or relating to or produced by lymph
  • lymphedema - swelling (usually in the legs) caused by lymph accumulating in the tissues
  • lymphoblast - an immature lymphocyte
  • lymphocyte - an agranulocytic leukocyte that normally makes up a quarter of the white blood cell count but increases in the presence of infection
  • lymphocytic - of or relating to lymphocytes
  • lymphocytopenia - an abnormally small number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
  • lymphocytosis - an abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
  • lymphogranuloma - swelling of a lymph node
  • lymphography - roentgenographic examination of lymph nodes and lymph vessels after injection of a radiopaque contrast medium; produces a lymphangiogram
  • lymphoid - resembling lymph or lymphatic tissues
  • lymphoma - a neoplasm of lymph tissue that is usually malignant; one of the four major types of cancer
  • lymphopenia - an abnormally small number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
  • lymphopoiesis - the formation of lymphocytes in the bone marrow and lymph nodes and thymus and spleen
  • lymphuria - the presence of lymph in the urine
  • lyophilise - to dry (blood, serum, or tissue) by freezing in a high vacuum
  • lyophilised - used of tissue or blood or serum or other biological substances; dried by freezing in a high vacuum
  • lyophilize - to dry (blood, serum, or tissue) by freezing in a high vacuum
  • lysin - any substance (such as an antibody) or agent that can cause lysis
  • lysine - an essential amino acid found in proteins; occurs especially in gelatin and casein
  • lysol - a clear oily brown solution of cresols in soap; used as an antiseptic and disinfectant
  • lysosome - an organelle found in the cytoplasm of most cells (especially in leukocytes and liver and kidney cells)
  • lysozyme - an enzyme found in saliva and sweat and tears that destroys the cell walls of certain bacteria
  • ma - informal terms for a mother; a master's degree in arts and sciences; a state in New England; one of the original 13 colonies: one thousandth of an ampere
  • maceration - softening due to soaking or steeping; extreme leanness (usually caused by starvation or disease)
  • macro - very large in scale or scope or capability; a single computer instruction that results in a series of instructions in machine language
  • macrobiotic - of or relating to the theory or practice of macrobiotics
  • macrocephaly - an abnormally large head; differs from hydrocephalus because there is no increased intracranial pressure and the overgrowth is symmetrical
  • macrocyte - abnormally large red blood cell (associated with pernicious anemia)
  • macrocytosis - the presence of macrocytes in the blood
  • macroglossia - a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
  • macrophage - a large phagocyte; some are fixed and other circulate in the blood stream
  • macroscopic - large enough to be visible to the naked eye
  • macule - a patch of skin that is discolored but not usually elevated; caused by various diseases
  • mad - roused to anger; affected with madness or insanity; marked by uncontrolled excitement or emotion; very foolish
  • madame - title used for a married Frenchwoman
  • made - produced by a manufacturing process; (of a bed) having the sheets and blankets set in order; successful or assured of success
  • magnet - (physics) a device that attracts iron and produces a magnetic field; a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts
  • magnified - enlarged to an abnormal degree
  • magnum - a large wine bottle for liquor or wine
  • maim - injure or wound seriously and leave permanent disfiguration or mutilation
  • mainly - for the most part
  • mainstream - the prevailing current of thought
  • maintained - kept in good condition; continued in your keeping or use or memory
  • malabsorption - abnormal absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract
  • malacia - a state of abnormal softening of tissue
  • maladjustment - the condition of being unable to adapt properly to your environment with resulting emotional instability
  • malaise - physical discomfort (as mild sickness or depression)
  • malar - the arch of bone beneath the eye that forms the prominence of the cheek
  • malarial - of or infected by or resembling malaria
  • maleate - a salt or ester of maleic acid; used as a nontricyclic antidepressant drug for psychomotor activation
  • maleficence - the quality or nature of being harmful or evil; doing or causing evil
  • malformation - something abnormal or anomalous; an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed
  • malformed - so badly formed or out of shape as to be ugly
  • malfunction - a failure to function normally; fail to function or function improperly
  • malfunctioning - not performing or able to perform its regular function
  • malignancy - (medicine) a malignant state; progressive and resistant to treatment and tending to cause death; quality of being disposed to evil; intense ill will
  • malignant - dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor)
  • malingerer - someone shirking their duty by feigning illness or incapacity
  • malingering - evading duty or work by pretending to be incapacitated
  • malleus - the ossicle attached to the eardrum
  • malnourished - not being provided with adequate nourishment
  • malnutrition - a state of poor nutrition; can result from insufficient or excessive or unbalanced diet or from inability to absorb foods
  • malocclusion - (dentistry) a condition in which the opposing teeth do not mesh normally
  • malodorous - having an unpleasant smell
  • malpighi - Italian anatomist who was the first to use a microscope to study anatomy and was among the first to recognize cells in animals (1628-1694)
  • malposition - faulty position
  • malpractice - a wrongful act that the actor had no right to do; improper professional conduct; professional wrongdoing that results in injury or damage
  • maltose - a white crystalline sugar formed during the digestion of starches
  • mamilla - the small projection of a mammary gland
  • mamma - milk-secreting organ of female mammals; informal terms for a mother
  • mammary - of or relating to the milk-giving gland of the female
  • mammilla - the small projection of a mammary gland
  • mammogram - X-ray film of the soft tissue of the breast
  • mammography - a diagnostic procedure to detect breast tumors by the use of X rays
  • mammothermography - the use of thermography to detect breast tumors (which appear as hot spots)
  • management - the act of managing something; those in charge of running a business
  • manager - (sports) someone in charge of training an athlete or a team; someone who controls resources and expenditures
  • mandible - the jaw in vertebrates that is hinged to open the mouth
  • mandibular - relating to the lower jaw
  • mane - long coarse hair growing from the crest of the animal's neck: growth of hair covering the scalp of a human being
  • manganese - a hard brittle grey polyvalent metallic element that resembles iron but is not magnetic; used in making steel; occurs in many minerals
  • maniac - wildly disordered; a person who has an obsession with or excessive enthusiasm for something; an insane person
  • manic - affected with or marked by frenzy or mania uncontrolled by reason
  • manner - a way of acting or behaving; how something is done or how it happens; a kind
  • mannitol - a diuretic (trade name Osmitrol) used to promote the excretion of urine
  • manometer - a pressure gauge for comparing pressures of a gas
  • manual - requiring human effort; doing or requiring physical work; of or relating to the hands; a small handbook; (military) a prescribed drill in handling a rifle
  • manubrium - the upper part of the breastbone
  • manufacturer - a business engaged in manufacturing some product; someone who manufactures something
  • many - a quantifier that can be used with count nouns and is often preceded by `as' or `too' or `so' or `that'; amounting to a large but indefinite number
  • mao - Chinese communist leader (1893-1976); an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of many body compounds (e.g., epinephrine and norepinephrine and serotonin)
  • maoi - any of a group of antidepressant drugs that inhibit the action of monoamine oxidase in the brain and so allow monoamines to accumulate
  • mapping - (genetics) the process of locating genes on a chromosome; a function such that for every element of one set there is a unique element of another set
  • marasmus - extreme malnutrition and emaciation (especially in children); can result from inadequate intake of food or from malabsorption or metabolic disorders
  • maria - valuable timber tree of Panama; a dark region of considerable extent on the surface of the moon
  • marker - some conspicuous object used to distinguish or mark something; a writing implement for making a mark; a distinguishing symbol
  • marking - the act of making a visible mark on a surface; evaluation of performance by assigning a grade or score; a pattern of marks; a distinguishing symbol
  • marks - English businessman who created a retail chain (1888-1964)
  • marquis - nobleman (in various countries) ranking above a count: humorist who wrote about the imaginary life of cockroaches (1878-1937)
  • married - joined in matrimony; of or relating to the state of marriage: a person who is married
  • marseilles - a port city in southeastern France on the Mediterranean
  • marvellous - too improbable to admit of belief; being or having the character of a miracle; extraordinarily good; used especially as intensifiers
  • mary - the mother of Jesus; Christians refer to her as the Virgin Mary; she is especially honored by Roman Catholics
  • masculinisation - the abnormal development of male sexual characteristics in a female (usually as the result of hormone therapies or adrenal malfunction)
  • masculinity - the trait of behaving in ways considered typical for men; the properties characteristic of the male sex
  • masculinization - the abnormal development of male sexual characteristics in a female (usually as the result of hormone therapies or adrenal malfunction)
  • masked - having its true character concealed with the intent of misleading
  • masochism - sexual pleasure obtained from receiving punishment (physical or psychological)
  • masochist - someone who obtains pleasure from receiving punishment
  • masochistic - deriving pleasure or sexual gratification from being abused or dominated
  • masses - the common people generally
  • masseter - a large muscle that raises the lower jaw and is used in chewing
  • mastalgia - pain in the breast
  • mastectomy - surgical removal of a breast to remove a malignant tumor
  • masticate - grind and knead; chew (food)
  • mastication - biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow
  • mastitis - inflammation of a breast (or udder)
  • mastoidectomy - surgical removal of some or all of the mastoid process
  • mastoiditis - inflammation of the mastoid
  • masturbate - get sexual gratification through self-stimulation: stimulate sexually
  • masturbation - manual stimulation of the genital organs (of yourself or another) for sexual pleasure
  • matched - provided with a worthy adversary or competitor; going well together; possessing harmonizing qualities
  • matching - intentionally matched; being two identical
  • mater - an informal use of the Latin word for mother; sometimes used by British schoolboys or used facetiously
  • mattress - a large thick pad filled with resilient material and often incorporating coiled springs, used as a bed or part of a bed
  • max - street names for gamma hydroxybutyrate
  • maxilla - the jaw in vertebrates that is fused to the cranium
  • maxillary - of or relating to the upper jaw; the jaw in vertebrates that is fused to the cranium
  • mayo - egg yolks and oil and vinegar
  • mb - (a British degree) a bachelor's degree in medicine; a unit of information equal to one million (1,048,576) bytes
  • mba - a master's degree in business
  • me - a state in New England
  • meaning - rich in significance or implication; the idea that is intended; the message that is intended or expressed or signified
  • meaningless - having no meaning or direction or purpose
  • means - how a result is obtained or an end is achieved; an instrumentality for accomplishing some end; considerable capital (wealth or income)
  • measles - an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash; occurs primarily in children
  • measured - determined by measurement; the rhythmic arrangement of syllables; with care and dignity; carefully thought out in advance
  • measurement - the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule
  • measuring - the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule
  • meatus - a natural body passageway
  • meconium - thick dark green mucoid material that is the first feces of a newborn child
  • med - a master's degree in education
  • medial - dividing an animal into right and left halves; relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle
  • medially - in a medial position
  • mediastinum - the part of the thoracic cavity between the lungs that contains the heart and aorta and esophagus and trachea and thymus
  • medic - any of several Old World herbs of the genus Medicago having small flowers and trifoliate compound leaves; a medical practitioner in the armed forces
  • medically - involving medical practice
  • medicare - health care for the aged; a federally administered system of health insurance available to persons aged 65 and over
  • medication - the act of treating with medicines or remedies: (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
  • medication - the act of treating with medicines or remedies: (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
  • medicinal - having the properties of medicine
  • medicinally - in a medicinal manner
  • medico - a licensed medical practitioner; a student in medical school
  • medicolegal - pertaining to legal aspects of the practice of medicine (as malpractice or patient consent for operations or patient information)
  • mediterranean - of or relating to or characteristic of or located near the Mediterranean Sea; the largest inland sea; between Europe and Africa and Asia
  • medroxyprogesterone - a progestin compound (trade name Provera) used to treat menstrual disorders
  • medullary - of or relating to the medulla of any body part; of or relating to the medulla oblongata; containing or consisting of or resembling bone marrow
  • medullated - (of neurons) covered with a layer of myelin
  • megacolon - an abnormal enlargement of the colon; can be congenital (as in Hirschsprung's disease) or acquired (as when children refuse to defecate)
  • megakaryocyte - a large bone marrow cell; regarded as the source of blood platelets
  • megaloblast - abnormally large red blood cell present in pernicious anemia and folic acid deficiency
  • megaloblastic - of or relating to megaloblasts
  • megalocephaly - an abnormally large head; differs from hydrocephalus because there is no increased intracranial pressure and the overgrowth is symmetrical
  • megalocyte - abnormally large red blood cell (associated with pernicious anemia)
  • megalomania - a psychological state characterized by delusions of grandeur
  • megalomaniac - a pathological egotist
  • meissner - German physicist (1882-1974); German anatomist (1829-1905)
  • melaena - abnormally dark tarry feces containing blood (usually from gastrointestinal bleeding)
  • melancholia - extreme depression characterized by tearful sadness and irrational fears
  • melanin - insoluble pigments that account for the color of e.g. skin and scales and feathers
  • melanism - a condition characterized by abnormal deposits of melanin (especially in the skin)
  • melanocyte - a cell in the basal layer of the epidermis that produces melanin under the control of the melanocyte-stimulating hormone
  • melanoderma - abnormally dark skin caused by increased deposits of melatonin
  • melanoma - any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes
  • melanosis - a condition characterized by abnormal deposits of melanin (especially in the skin)
  • melasma - a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
  • melatonin - hormone secreted by the pineal gland
  • melbourne - the capital of Victoria state and 2nd largest Australian city; a financial and commercial center; a resort town in east central Florida
  • melena - abnormally dark tarry feces containing blood (usually from gastrointestinal bleeding)
  • mem - the 13th letter of the Hebrew alphabet
  • membrane - a thin pliable sheet of material; a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects organs or cells of animals
  • membrane - a thin pliable sheet of material; a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects organs or cells of animals
  • membranous - characterized by formation of a membrane (or something resembling a membrane); relating to or made of or similar to a membrane
  • meme - a cultural unit (an idea or value or pattern of behavior) that is passed from one generation to another by non-genetic means (as by imitation)
  • men - the force of workers available
  • menarche - the first occurrence of menstruation in a woman
  • mendel - Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding garden peas led to his eventual recognition as founder of the science of genetics (1822-1884)
  • mending - garments that must be repaired; the act of putting something in working order again
  • meningeal - relating to the meninges
  • meninges - a membrane (one of 3) that envelops the brain and spinal cord
  • meningioma - a tumor arising in the meninges which surround the brain and spinal cord; usually slow growing and sometimes malignant
  • meningism - symptoms that mimic those of meningitis but without inflammation of the meninges
  • meningoencephalitis - inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and their meninges
  • meninx - a membrane (one of 3) that envelops the brain and spinal cord
  • meniscectomy - surgical removal of the meniscus of the knee
  • menopausal - of or relating to the menopause
  • menopause - the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
  • menorrhagia - abnormally heavy or prolonged menstruation; can be a symptom of uterine tumors and can lead to anemia if prolonged
  • menses - the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause
  • menstrual - of or relating to menstruation or the menses
  • menstruate - undergo menstruation
  • menstruation - the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause
  • menstruum - (archaic) a solvent; the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause
  • mentally - in your mind
  • mentholated - containing, or impregnated with, menthol
  • mentor - a wise and trusted guide and advisor; serve as a teacher or trusted counselor
  • meralgia - pain in the thigh
  • mercurochrome - a mercurial compound applied topically as an antiseptic; Mercurochrome is the trademark
  • mercurous - of or containing mercury
  • merely - and nothing more
  • mesencephalon - the middle portion of the brain
  • mesenteric - of or relating to or located in a mesentery
  • mesentery - a double layer of peritoneum that attaches to the back wall of the abdominal cavity and supports the small intestines
  • mesial - being in or directed toward the midline or mesial plane of the body
  • mesocolon - mesentery that holds the lower colon the back abdominal wall
  • mesoderm - the middle germ layer that develops into muscle and bone and cartilage and blood and connective tissue
  • mesodermal - relating to or derived from the mesoderm
  • mesothelioma - a rare form of carcinoma of the mesothelium lining lungs or abdomen or heart; usually associated with exposure to asbestos dust
  • mesothelium - epithelium originating in the embryonic mesoderm; lines the primordial body cavity
  • messenger - a person who carries a message
  • mestranol - a synthetic form of estrogen used in combination with a progestin in oral contraceptives
  • metabolic - undergoing metamorphosis; of or relating to metabolism
  • metabolise - produce by metabolism
  • metabolite - any substance involved in metabolism (either as a product of metabolism or as necessary for metabolism)
  • metabolize - produce by metabolism
  • metacarpal - of or relating to the metacarpus; any bone of the hand between the wrist and fingers
  • metacarpus - the part of the hand between the carpus and phalanges
  • metamorphopsia - a defect of vision in which objects appear to be distorted; usually due to a defect in the retina
  • metaphase - the second stage of mitosis; the second stage of meiosis
  • metaphysis - the growing part of a long bone between the diaphysis and the epiphysis
  • metastasis - the spreading of a disease to another part of the body: the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
  • metastasise - spread throughout the body
  • metastasize - spread throughout the body
  • metastatic - relating to or affected by metastasis
  • metatarsal - of or relating to the metatarsus; any bone of the foot between the ankle and the toes
  • metatarsus - the skeleton of the human foot between the toes and the tarsus; the corresponding part of the foot in birds or of the hind foot in quadrupeds
  • metformin - an antidiabetic drug (trade name Glucophage) prescribed to treat type II diabetes
  • methadone - synthetic narcotic drug similar to morphine but less habit-forming; used in narcotic detoxification and maintenance of heroin addiction
  • methane - a colorless odorless gas used as a fuel
  • methanol - a light volatile flammable poisonous liquid alcohol; used as an antifreeze and solvent and fuel and as a denaturant for ethyl alcohol
  • methicillin - antibiotic drug of the penicillin family used in the treatment of certain staphylococcal infections
  • methionine - a crystalline amino acid containing sulfur; found in most proteins and essential for nutrition
  • methyl - the univalent radical CH3- derived from methane
  • methylated - having received a methyl group
  • methylene - the bivalent radical CH2 derived from methane
  • methylphenidate - central nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in children
  • metralgia - pain in the uterus
  • metritis - inflammation of the lining of the uterus (of the endometrium)
  • metro - an electric railway operating below the surface of the ground (usually in a city)
  • metronidazole - antiprotozoal medication (trade name Flagyl) used to treat trichomoniasis and giardiasis
  • metroptosis - prolapse of the uterus
  • metrorrhagia - bleeding from the uterus that is not due to menstruation; usually indicative of disease (as cervical cancer)
  • mf - 300 to 3000 kilohertz
  • michael - (Old Testament) the guardian archangel of the Jews
  • miconazole - an antifungal agent usually administered in the form of a nitrate (trade name Monistat)
  • micro - extremely small in scale or scope or capability
  • microbe - a minute life form (especially a disease-causing bacterium); the term is not in technical use
  • microbial - of or involving or caused by or being microbes
  • microbiologist - a specialist in microbiology
  • microbiology - the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans
  • microcephalic - having an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
  • microcephaly - an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
  • micrococcus - type genus of the family Micrococcaceae
  • microcyte - an abnormally small red blood cell (less than 5 microns in diameter)
  • microcytosis - a blood disorder characterized by the presence of microcytes (abnormally small red blood cells) in the blood; often associated with anemia
  • microglia - neuroglial tissue of mesodermal origin that can become phagocytic
  • microgram - one millionth (1/1,000,000) gram
  • micrometer - caliper for measuring small distances; a metric unit of length equal to one millionth of a meter
  • micron - a metric unit of length equal to one millionth of a meter
  • micronutrient - a substance needed only in small amounts for normal body function (e.g., vitamins or minerals)
  • microorganism - any organism of microscopic size
  • microphone - device for converting sound waves into electrical energy
  • microscope - magnifier of the image of small objects
  • microscopy - research with the use of microscopes
  • microsecond - one millionth (10^-6) of a second; one thousandth of a millisecond
  • microsporum - a genus of fungus of the family Moniliaceae; causes ringworm
  • microsurgery - surgery using operating microscopes and miniaturized precision instruments to perform intricate procedures on very small structures
  • micturate - eliminate urine
  • micturition - the discharge of urine
  • mid - used in combination to denote the middle
  • midazolam - an injectable form of benzodiazepine (trade name Versed) useful for sedation and for reducing pain during uncomfortable medical procedures
  • midbrain - the middle portion of the brain
  • midline - the median plane of the body (or some part of the body)
  • midnight - 12 o'clock at night; the middle of the night
  • midstream - the middle of a stream
  • midwife - a woman skilled in aiding the delivery of babies
  • midwifery - assisting women at childbirth; the branch of medicine dealing with childbirth and care of the mother
  • might - physical strength
  • migraine - a severe recurring vascular headache; occurs more frequently in women than men
  • milan - the capital of Lombardy in northern Italy; has been an international center of trade and industry since the Middle Ages
  • mildly - to a moderate degree; in a gentle manner
  • miliaria - obstruction of the sweat ducts during high heat and humidity
  • milium - a small whitish lump in the skin due to a clogged sebaceous gland
  • milky - resembling milk in color or cloudiness; not clear
  • milligram - one thousandth (1/1,000) gram
  • milliliter - a metric unit of volume equal to one thousandth of a liter
  • millilitre - a metric unit of volume equal to one thousandth of a liter
  • millimeter - a metric unit of length equal to one thousandth of a meter
  • millimetre - a metric unit of length equal to one thousandth of a meter
  • millionth - the ordinal number of one million in counting order: position 1,000,000 in a countable series of things; one part in a million equal parts
  • milton - English poet; remembered primarily as the author of an epic poem describing humanity's fall from grace (1608-1674)
  • min - any of the forms of Chinese spoken in Fukien province; an Egyptian god of procreation; a unit of time equal to 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour
  • miner - laborer who works in a mine
  • mini - used of women's clothing; very short with hemline above the knee; a very short skirt
  • minimal - the least possible
  • minimally - to a minimal degree
  • minimise - make small or insignificant; represent as less significant or important
  • minimum - the least possible; the point on a curve where the tangent changes from negative on the left to positive on the right: the smallest possible quantity
  • minimus - the fifth digit; the little finger or little toe
  • mining - the act of extracting ores or coal etc from the earth; laying explosive mines in concealed places to destroy enemy personnel and equipment
  • minnesota - a midwestern state
  • minutes - a written account of what transpired at a meeting
  • minutes - a written account of what transpired at a meeting
  • miotic - of or relating to or causing constriction of the pupil of the eye; a drug that causes miosis (constriction of the pupil of the eye)
  • mirror - polished surface that forms images by reflecting light; a faithful depiction or reflection; reflect or resemble; reflect as if in a mirror
  • miscarriage - failure of a plan; a natural loss of the products of conception
  • miscarry - suffer a miscarriage; be unsuccessful
  • mismatch - a bad or unsuitable match; match badly; match two objects or people that do not go together
  • mismatched - (of a contest or contestants) not fairly matched as opponents; either not matched or unsuitably matched
  • missed - not caught with the senses or the mind
  • missing - not able to be found; not existing
  • mist - a thin fog with condensation near the ground; become covered with mist; spray finely or cover with mist; make less visible or unclear
  • mistaken - arising from error; wrong in e.g. opinion or judgment
  • misuse - improper or excessive use; change the inherent purpose or function of something; apply to a wrong thing or person; apply badly or incorrectly
  • mit - an engineering university in Cambridge
  • mite - any of numerous very small to minute arachnids often infesting animals or plants or stored foods; a slight but appreciable addition
  • mitochondrion - an organelle containing enzymes responsible for producing energy
  • mitomycin - a complex of antibiotic substances obtained from a streptomyces bacterium; one form (trade name Mutamycin) shows promise as an anticancer drug
  • mitosis - cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes
  • mitral - of or relating to or located in or near the mitral valve; relating to or resembling the miter worn by some clerics
  • mittelschmerz - pain in the area of the ovary that is felt at the time of ovulation (usually midway through the menstrual cycle)
  • mixing - the act of mixing together
  • ml - a metric unit of volume equal to one thousandth of a liter
  • mm - a metric unit of length equal to one thousandth of a meter
  • mn - a midwestern state; a hard brittle grey polyvalent metallic element that resembles iron but is not magnetic; used in making steel; occurs in many minerals
  • mobility - the quality of moving freely
  • moderately - in a moderate manner; to a moderately sufficient extent or degree
  • modified - changed in form or character; mediocre
  • modiolus - the central conical bony pillar of the cochlea
  • moist - slightly wet
  • moisten - make moist; moisten with fine drops
  • moisture - wetness caused by water
  • mol - the molecular weight of a substance expressed in grams; the basic unit of amount of substance adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • molarity - concentration measured by the number of moles of solute per liter of solution
  • molasses - thick dark syrup produced by boiling down juice from sugar cane; especially during sugar refining
  • molecular - relating to simple or elementary organization; relating to or produced by or consisting of molecules
  • molecule - (physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound; (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
  • molluscum - any skin disease characterized by soft pulpy nodules
  • molybdenum - a polyvalent metallic element that resembles chromium and tungsten in its properties; used to strengthen and harden steel
  • monaural - relating to or having or hearing with only one ear
  • mongolism - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
  • monilia - any of the yeastlike imperfect fungi of the genus Monilia
  • moniliasis - an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)
  • monitoring - the act of observing something (and sometimes keeping a record of it)
  • monoamine - a molecule containing one amine group (especially one that is a neurotransmitter)
  • monoblast - a large immature monocyte normally found in bone marrow
  • monochromatism - complete color blindness; colors can be differentiated only on the basis of brightness
  • monocyte - a type of granular leukocyte that functions in the ingestion of bacteria
  • monocytosis - increase in the number of monocytes in the blood; symptom of monocytic leukemia
  • monomania - a mania restricted to one thing or idea
  • mononuclear - having only one nucleus
  • monoplegia - paralysis of a single limb
  • monorchism - failure of one testes to descend into the scrotum
  • monosaccharide - a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
  • monosomy - chromosomal abnormality consisting of the absence of one chromosome from the normal diploid number
  • monovalent - having a valence of 1; containing only one kind of antibody
  • monoxide - an oxide containing just one atom of oxygen in the molecule
  • monozygotic - derived from a single fertilized egg
  • mons - a mound of fatty tissue covering the pubic area in women
  • month - a time unit of approximately 30 days; one of the twelve divisions of the calendar year
  • monthly - occurring or payable every month; without missing a month; a periodical that is published every month (or 12 issues per year)
  • morality - concern with the distinction between good and evil or right and wrong; right or good conduct; motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
  • morally - with respect to moral principles; in a moral manner
  • morbid - suggesting an unhealthy mental state; caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology; suggesting the horror of death and decay
  • morbilli - an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash; occurs primarily in children
  • morbilliform - of a rash that resembles that of measles
  • moribund - being on the point of death; breathing your last; not growing or changing; without force or vitality
  • morning - the time period between dawn and noon; a conventional expression of greeting or farewell; the earliest period; the first light of day
  • moro - a member of the predominantly Muslim people in the southern Philippines
  • morphea - localized scleroderma
  • morphia - an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium; a powerful, habit-forming narcotic used to relieve pain
  • morphine - an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium; a powerful, habit-forming narcotic used to relieve pain
  • mortality - the quality or state of being mortal; the ratio of deaths in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 per year
  • mortuary - of or relating to a funeral; of or relating to or characteristic of death; a building (or room) where dead bodies are kept before burial or cremation
  • morula - a solid mass of blastomeres that forms when the zygote splits; develops into the blastula
  • mosquito - two-winged insect whose female has a long proboscis to pierce the skin and suck the blood of humans and animals
  • mostly - in large part; mainly or chiefly; usually; as a rule
  • motile - (of spores or microorganisms) capable of movement; one whose prevailing mental imagery takes the form of inner feelings of action
  • motility - ability to move spontaneously and independently; a change of position that does not entail a change of location
  • motionless - not in physical motion
  • motorway - a broad highway designed for high-speed traffic
  • mottled - having spots or patches of color
  • mountain - a land mass that projects well above its surroundings; higher than a hill; a large number or amount
  • mouthful - the quantity that can be held in the mouth; a small amount eaten or drunk
  • mouthwash - a medicated solution used for gargling and rinsing the mouth
  • moved - being excited or provoked to the expression of an emotion
  • moving - arousing or capable of arousing deep emotion; in motion: used of a series of photographs presented so as to create the illusion of motion
  • mp - a military corps that enforces discipline and guards prisoners; a member of the military police who polices soldiers and guards prisoners
  • mps - a widely distributed system of free and fixed macrophages derived from bone marrow
  • mr - a form of address for a man
  • mri - the use of nuclear magnetic resonance of protons to produce proton density images
  • mrna - the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell
  • mrs - a form of address for a married woman
  • msh - a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that controls the degree of pigmentation in melanocytes
  • mu - the 12th letter of the Greek alphabet
  • mucin - a nitrogenous substance found in mucous secretions; a lubricant that protects body surfaces
  • mucocutaneous - of or relating to the mucous membranes and skin
  • mucoid - relating to or resembling mucus; any of several glycoproteins similar to mucin
  • mucopurulent - containing or composed of mucus and pus
  • mucor - any mold of the genus Mucor
  • mucosa - mucus-secreting membrane lining all body cavities or passages that communicate with the exterior
  • mucosal - of or relating to mucous membranes
  • mucous - of or secreting or covered with or resembling mucus
  • mud - slanderous remarks or charges; water soaked soil; soft wet earth; plaster with mud; soil with mud, muck, or mire
  • muddled - confused and vague; used especially of thinking
  • multifactorial - involving or depending on several factors or causes (especially pertaining to a condition or disease resulting from the interaction of many genes)
  • multiple - having or involving or consisting of more than one part or entity or individual; the product of a quantity by an integer
  • multiply - in several ways; in a multiple manner; combine or increase by multiplication; combine by multiplication; have offspring or young; have young (animals)
  • multivitamin - a pill or tablet containing several vitamins
  • mumps - an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
  • munich - the capital and largest city of Bavaria in southwestern Germany
  • mural - of or relating to walls; a painting that is applied to a wall surface
  • murder - unlawful premeditated killing of a human being by a human being; kill intentionally and with premeditation; alter so as to make unrecognizable
  • murdered - killed unlawfully
  • murphy - an edible tuber native to South America; a staple food of Ireland
  • musculoskeletal - relating to muscles and skeleton
  • must - highly recommended; grape juice before or during fermentation; a necessary or essential thing; the quality of smelling or tasting old or stale or mouldy
  • mustard - leaves eaten as cooked greens; pungent powder or paste prepared from ground mustard seeds; any of several cruciferous plants of the genus Brassica
  • mutate - undergo mutation
  • mutilation - an injury that deprives you of a limb or other important body part
  • mutism - the condition of being unable or unwilling to speak
  • myalgia - pain in a muscle or group of muscles
  • myalgic - of or relating to myalgia
  • mycelium - the vegetative part of a fungus consisting of a mass of branching threadlike hyphae
  • mycobacterium - rod-shaped bacteria some saprophytic or causing diseases
  • mycology - the branch of botany that studies fungi and fungus-caused diseases
  • mycoplasma - any of a group of small parasitic bacteria that lack a cell walls and can survive without oxygen; can cause pneumonia and urinary tract infection
  • mycosis - an inflammatory condition caused by a fungus
  • mydriasis - reflex pupillary dilation as a muscle pulls the iris outward; occurs in response to a decrease in light or certain drugs
  • mydriatic - a drug that causes the pupil of the eye to dilate; used to aid eye examinations
  • myelin - a white fatty substance that forms a medullary sheath around the axis cylinder of some nerve fibers
  • myelinated - (of neurons) covered with a layer of myelin
  • myelitis - inflammation of the spinal cord
  • myeloblast - a precursor of leukocytes that normally occurs only in bone marrow
  • myelocyte - an immature leukocyte normally found in bone marrow
  • myelofibrosis - fibrosis of the bone marrow
  • myelogram - X-ray film of the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots and subarachnoid space
  • myelography - roentgenography of the spinal cord to detect possible lesions (usually after injection of a contrast medium into the subarachnoid space)
  • myeloid - of or relating to bone marrow; of or relating to the spinal cord
  • myeloma - a tumor of the bone marrow (usually malignant) composed of cells normally found in bone marrow
  • myiasis - infestation of the body by the larvae of flies (usually through a wound or other opening) or any disease resulting from such infestation
  • myocardial - of or relating to the myocardium
  • myocarditis - inflammation of the myocardium (the muscular tissue of the heart)
  • myocardium - the middle muscular layer of the heart wall
  • myoclonus - a clonic spasm of a muscle or muscle group
  • myodynia - pain in a muscle or group of muscles
  • myofibril - one of many contractile filaments that make up a striated muscle fiber
  • myoglobin - a hemoprotein that receives oxygen from hemoglobin and stores it in the tissues until needed
  • myoglobinuria - the presence of myoglobin in the urine
  • myogram - a graphical recording of muscle activity
  • myology - the branch of physiology that studies muscles
  • myoma - a benign tumor composed of muscle tissue
  • myometritis - inflammation of the myometrium
  • myometrium - the smooth muscle forming the wall of the uterus
  • myopathy - any pathology of the muscles that is not attributable to nerve dysfunction
  • myopia - (ophthalmology) eyesight abnormality resulting from the eye's faulty refractive ability; distant objects appear blurred
  • myopic - lacking foresight or scope; unable to see distant objects clearly
  • myosarcoma - sarcoma of muscle tissue
  • myositis - inflammation of muscle tissue
  • myotic - of or relating to or causing constriction of the pupil of the eye; a drug that causes miosis (constriction of the pupil of the eye)
  • myotomy - surgical incision or division of a muscle
  • myotonia - abnormally long muscular contractions; slow relaxation of a muscle after a contraction
  • myotonic - of or relating to or caused by myotonia
  • myringa - the membrane in the ear that vibrates to sound
  • myringoplasty - surgical repair of a perforated eardrum with a tissue graft
  • myringotomy - surgical incision into the eardrum (to relieve pressure or release pus from the middle ear)
  • myxedema - hypothyroidism marked by dry skin and swellings around lips and nose as well as mental deterioration
  • myxoedema - hypothyroidism marked by dry skin and swellings around lips and nose as well as mental deterioration
  • myxoma - a benign tumor of connective tissue containing jellylike material
  • myxovirus - any of a group of RNA viruses including those that cause influenza and mumps
  • naga - Kamarupan languages spoken in northeastern India and western Burma
  • nagging - continually complaining or faultfinding
  • naloxone - a potent narcotic antagonist (trade name Narcan) especially effective with morphine
  • named - bearing the author's name; given or having a specified name
  • names - verbal abuse; a crude substitute for argument
  • nancy - a city in northeastern France in Lorraine
  • nandrolone - an androgen (trade names Durabolin or Kabolin) that is used to treat testosterone deficiency or breast cancer or osteoporosis
  • nanometre - a metric unit of length equal to one billionth of a meter
  • nanosecond - one billionth (10^-9) of a second; one thousandth of a microsecond
  • nape - the back side of the neck
  • nappy - of hair in small tight curls; garment consisting of a folded cloth drawn up between the legs and fastened at the waist; worn by infants to catch excrement
  • naproxen - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Naprosyn) used in the treatment of arthritis and musculoskeletal inflammation and moderate pain
  • narcissism - an exceptional interest in and admiration for yourself
  • narcolepsy - a sleep disorder characterized by sudden and uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep
  • narcoleptic - of or relating to narcolepsy; a soporific drug that produces an uncontrollable desire to sleep; a person who has narcolepsy
  • narcosis - unconsciousness induced by narcotics or anesthesia
  • naris - any of the openings to the nasal cavities that allow air to flow through the cavities to the pharynx
  • narrowed - having the opening reduced squeezed; made narrow; limited in breadth; reduced in size as by squeezing together
  • nascent - being born or beginning
  • nasion - the craniometric point at the bridge of the nose where the frontal and nasal bones of the skull meet
  • nasopharyngeal - of or relating to or located near the nasopharynx
  • nasopharynx - cavity forming the upper part of the pharynx
  • nates - the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
  • natriuretic - of or relating to natriuresis
  • naturally - as might be expected; according to nature; by natural means; without artificial help; in a natural or normal manner; through inherent nature
  • naturopathy - a method of treating disease using food and exercise and heat to assist the natural healing process
  • nausea - disgust so strong it makes you feel sick; the state that precedes vomiting
  • nauseated - feeling nausea; feeling about to vomit
  • nauseous - feeling nausea; feeling about to vomit; causing or able to cause nausea
  • navel - scar where the umbilical cord was attached; the center point or middle of something
  • navicular - shaped like a boat; the largest wrist bone on the thumb side
  • nbe - the compass point that is one point east (clockwise) of due north
  • nearer - (comparative of `near' or `close') within a shorter distance
  • nearest - (superlative of `near' or `close') within the shortest distance
  • nearly - (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; in a close manner
  • nearsighted - unable to see distant objects clearly
  • nearsightedness - (ophthalmology) eyesight abnormality resulting from the eye's faulty refractive ability; distant objects appear blurred
  • nebraska - a midwestern state on the Great Plains
  • nebuliser - a dispenser that turns a liquid (such as perfume) into a fine mist
  • nebulizer - a dispenser that turns a liquid (such as perfume) into a fine mist
  • necessarily - in an essential manner; as a highly likely consequence; in such a manner as could not be otherwise
  • necessary - unavoidably determined by prior circumstances: absolutely essential; anything indispensable
  • necessity - anything indispensable; the condition of being essential or indispensable
  • necrobiosis - (physiology) the normal degeneration and death of living cells (as in various epithelial cells)
  • necrology - a list of people who died recently; a notice of someone's death; usually includes a short biography
  • necrophilia - an irresistible sexual attraction to dead bodies
  • necrophilism - an irresistible sexual attraction to dead bodies
  • necropsy - an examination and dissection of a dead body to determine cause of death or the changes produced by disease
  • necrosis - the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)
  • necrotic - relating to or affected by necrosis
  • needed - necessary for relief or supply
  • needs - in such a manner as could not be otherwise
  • negativism - characterized by habitual skepticism and a disagreeable tendency to deny or oppose or resist suggestions or commands
  • negligent - marked by insufficient care or attention; characterized by neglect and undue lack of concern
  • neighbouring - situated near one another
  • nematode - unsegmented worms with elongated rounded body pointed at both ends; mostly free-living but some are parasitic
  • neomycin - an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used (as a sulphate under the trade name Neobiotic) as an intestinal antiseptic in surgery
  • neonatal - relating to or affecting the infant during the first month after birth
  • neonate - a baby from birth to four weeks
  • neonatology - that branch of pediatric medicine concerned with the newborn; the diagnosis and treatment of neonates
  • neoplasia - the pathological process that results in the formation and growth of a tumor
  • neoplasm - an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
  • neoplastic - of or related to or having the properties of a neoplasm
  • neostigmine - a cholinergic drug (trade name Prostigmin) used to treat some ophthalmic conditions and to treat myasthenia gravis
  • nephralgia - pain in the kidney (usually felt in the loins)
  • nephrectomy - surgical removal of a kidney
  • nephritic - of or relating to the kidneys; affected by nephritis
  • nephritis - an inflammation of the kidney
  • nephroblastoma - malignant renal tumor of young children characterized by hypertension and blood in the urine and the presence of a palpable mass
  • nephrocalcinosis - renal lithiasis in which calcium deposits form in the renal parenchyma and result in reduced kidney function and blood in the urine
  • nephrolith - a calculus formed in the kidney
  • nephrolithiasis - the presence of kidney stones (calculi) in the kidney
  • nephrology - the branch of medicine concerned with the kidney - its development and anatomy and physiology and disorders
  • nephron - any of the small tubules that are the excretory units of the vertebrate kidney
  • nephropathy - a disease affecting the kidneys
  • nephroptosis - prolapse of the kidney
  • nephrotomy - incision into a kidney (usually to remove a kidney stone)
  • nephrotoxic - toxic to the kidney
  • nerves - control of your emotions; an uneasy psychological state
  • nervously - in an anxiously nervous manner; with nervous excitement
  • nervousness - a sensitive or highly strung temperament; an uneasy psychological state; the anxious feeling you have when you have the jitters
  • nervy - showing or requiring courage and contempt of danger: offensively bold; being in a tense state
  • ness - a strip of land projecting into a body of water
  • nether - located below or beneath something else; lower; dwelling beneath the surface of the earth
  • netherlands - a constitutional monarchy in western Europe on the North Sea; half the country lies below sea level
  • neural - of or relating to neurons; of or relating to the nervous system
  • neuralgia - acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves
  • neurasthenia - nervous breakdown (not in technical use)
  • neurasthenic - of or relating to or suffering from neurasthenia; a person suffering a nervous breakdown
  • neurectomy - surgical removal of all or part of a nerve
  • neurilemma - thin membranous sheath around a nerve fiber
  • neurinoma - tumor (usually benign) of the sheath surrounding a nerve
  • neuritis - inflammation of a nerve accompanied by pain and sometimes loss of function
  • neuroanatomy - the anatomy of the nervous system
  • neuroblast - a cell from which a nerve cell develops
  • neuroblastoma - malignant tumor containing embryonic nerve cells; usually metastasizes quickly
  • neurodermatitis - dermatitis in which localized areas (especially the forearms or back of the neck or outer part of the ankle) itch persistently; cause is unknown
  • neuroendocrine - of or relating to the nervous and endocrine systems (especially as they function together)
  • neuroepithelioma - malignant tumor of the neuroepithelium
  • neuroepithelium - epithelium associated with special sense organs and containing sensory nerve endings
  • neurofibroma - tumor of the fibrous covering of a peripheral nerve
  • neurofibromatosis - autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous neurofibromas and by spots on the skin and often by developmental abnormalities
  • neurogenesis - the development of nerve tissues
  • neurogenic - arising in or stimulated by nerve tissues
  • neurohormone - a hormone that is released by nerve impulses (e.g., norepinephrine or vasopressin)
  • neurohypophysis - the posterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature
  • neurolemma - thin membranous sheath around a nerve fiber
  • neuroleptic - tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
  • neurological - of or relating to or used in or practicing neurology
  • neurologist - a medical specialist in the nervous system and the disorders affecting it
  • neuroma - any tumor derived from cells of the nervous system
  • neuromuscular - affecting or characteristic of both neural and muscular tissue
  • neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
  • neuropathy - any pathology of the peripheral nerves
  • neurophysiology - the branch of neuroscience that studies the physiology of the nervous system
  • neuroplasty - plastic surgery of the nerves
  • neuropsychiatric - of or relating to neuropsychiatry
  • neuropsychiatry - the branch of medicine dealing with mental disorders attributable to diseases of the nervous system
  • neurosarcoma - a malignant neoplasm of nerve tissue and fibrous tissue and connective tissue
  • neurosis - a mental or personality disturbance not attributable to any known neurological or organic dysfunction
  • neurosurgeon - someone who does surgery on the nervous system (especially the brain)
  • neurosurgery - any surgery that involves the nervous system (brain or spinal cord or peripheral nerves)
  • neurosyphilis - syphilis of the central nervous system
  • neurotic - affected with emotional disorder; characteristic of or affected by neurosis; a person suffering from neurosis
  • neurotically - in a neurotic manner
  • neurotoxic - poisonous to nerves or nerve cells
  • neurotransmitter - transmits nerve impulses across a synapse
  • neurotropic - (of a virus, toxin, or chemical) tending to attack or affect the nervous system preferentially
  • neutralised - made neutral in some respect; deprived of distinctive characteristics
  • neutropenia - leukopenia in which the decrease is primarily in number of neutrophils (the chief phagocytic leukocyte)
  • neutrophil - the chief phagocytic leukocyte; stains with either basic or acid dyes
  • never - not ever; at no time in the past or future; not at all; certainly not; not in any circumstances
  • newborn - having just or recently arisen or come into existence: recently borne; a baby from birth to four weeks
  • newly - very recently
  • nexus - a connected series or group; the means of connection between things linked in series
  • nh - a state in New England; one of the original 13 colonies
  • niacin - a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract
  • nib - the writing point of a pen; horny projecting mouth of a bird
  • nicholas - a bishop in Asia Minor who is associated with Santa Claus (4th century)
  • nicotine - an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco; used in medicine and as an insecticide
  • nictation - a reflex that closes and opens the eyes rapidly
  • nictitation - a reflex that closes and opens the eyes rapidly
  • nidation - (embryology) the organic process whereby a fertilized egg becomes implanted in the lining of the uterus of placental mammals
  • nidus - a nest in which spiders or insects deposit their eggs; a central point or locus of an infection in an organism
  • nifedipine - calcium blocker (trade name Procardia); appears to increase the risk of recurrent heart attacks
  • nigeria - a republic in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea; gained independence from Britain in 1960; most populous African country
  • nightingale - European songbird noted for its melodious nocturnal song; English nurse remembered for her work during the Crimean War (1820-1910)
  • nightmare - a terrifying or deeply upsetting dream; a situation resembling a terrifying dream
  • nightshade - any of numerous shrubs or herbs or vines of the genus Solanum; most are poisonous though many bear edible fruit
  • nigra - (ethnic slur) extremely offensive name for a Black person
  • nihilistic - of or relating to nihilism
  • nil - a quantity of no importance
  • ninety - being ten more than eighty; the cardinal number that is the product of ten and nine
  • ninth - coming next after the eighth and just before the tenth in position; position nine in a countable series of things; one part in nine equal parts
  • nipping - pleasantly cold and invigorating; capable of wounding
  • nipple - a flexible cap on a baby's feeding bottle or pacifier; the small projection of a mammary gland
  • nitrazepam - a hypnotic and sedative drug of the benzodiazepine type
  • nitre - (KNO3) used especially as a fertilizer and explosive
  • nitric - of or containing nitrogen
  • nitrogenous - of or relating to or containing nitrogen
  • nitrous - of or containing nitrogen
  • nj - a Mid-Atlantic state on the Atlantic; one of the original 13 colonies
  • nm - a state in southwestern United States on the Mexican border; a metric unit of length equal to one billionth of a meter
  • nmr - resonance of protons to radiation in a magnetic field
  • nobel - Swedish chemist remembered for his invention of dynamite and for the bequest that created the Nobel prizes (1833-1896)
  • nobody - a person of no influence
  • nociceptive - caused by or in response to pain
  • noctambulation - walking by a person who is asleep
  • nocturia - excessive urination at night; especially common in older men
  • nocturnal - belonging to or active during the night; of or relating to or occurring in the night
  • nodding - having branches or flower heads that bend downward
  • nodular - having nodules or occurring in the form of nodules: relating to or characterized by or having nodules
  • noisily - with much noise or loud and unpleasant sound
  • noisy - attracting attention by showiness or bright colors; full of or characterized by loud and nonmusical sounds
  • noma - acute ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth or genitals; often seen in undernourished children
  • non - negation of a word or group of words
  • nongranular - not having granules
  • noninflammatory - not inflammatory
  • nonmalignant - not threatening to life or health; not malignant
  • nonproprietary - not protected by trademark or patent or copyright
  • nonsteroidal - not steroidal or not having the effects of steroid hormones; an organic compound that does no contain a steroid
  • nonsurgical - not surgical
  • nonunion - not belonging to or not allowing affiliation with a trade union
  • noon - the middle of the day
  • noradrenaline - a catecholamine precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and also released at synapses
  • norepinephrine - a catecholamine precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and also released at synapses
  • norm - a standard or model or pattern regarded as typical; a statistic describing the location of a distribution
  • norma - a small constellation in the southern hemisphere near Lupus and Ara in the Milky Way
  • normally - under normal conditions
  • normotensive - having normal blood pressure
  • northumberland - the northernmost county of England; has many Roman remains (including Hadrian's Wall)
  • norway - a constitutional monarchy in northern Europe on the western side of the Scandinavian Peninsula; achieved independence from Sweden in 1905
  • norwegian - of or relating to Norway or its people or culture or language; a Scandinavian language that is spoken in Norway; a native or inhabitant of Norway
  • nosebleed - bleeding from the nose
  • nosocomial - taking place or originating in a hospital
  • nosology - the branch of medical science dealing with the classification of disease
  • nostril - either one of the two external openings to the nasal cavity in the nose
  • not - negation of a word or group of words
  • noted - worthy of notice or attention; widely known and esteemed
  • noteworthy - worthy of notice; worthy of notice
  • nothing - in no way; to no degree; a nonexistent thing; a quantity of no importance
  • noticeable - capable or worthy of being perceived; readily noticed: undesirably noticeable; capable of being detected
  • noticed - being perceived or observed
  • notifiable - requiring that official notification be given
  • notify - inform (somebody) of something
  • noun - a word that can serve as the subject or object of a verb; a word that can be used to refer to a person or place or thing
  • nourish - provide with nourishment; give nourishment to
  • nourishment - the act of nourishing; a source of materials to nourish the body
  • november - the month following October and preceding December
  • nowadays - in these times; the period of time that is happening now; any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech
  • noxious - injurious to physical or mental health
  • nsaid - an anti-inflammatory drug that does not contain steroids
  • nsu - inflammation of the urethra of unknown cause
  • nth - last or greatest in an indefinitely large series
  • nu - the 13th letter of the Greek alphabet
  • nucha - the back side of the neck
  • nuclease - general term for enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleic acid by cleaving chains of nucleotides into smaller units
  • nucleated - having a nucleus or occurring in the nucleus
  • nucleolus - a small round body of protein in a cell nucleus; such organelles contain RNA and are involved in protein synthesis
  • nucleoprotein - any of several substances found in the nuclei of all living cells; consists of a protein bound to a nucleic acid
  • nucleotide - a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
  • nuffield - British industrialist who manufactured automobiles and created a philanthropic foundation (1877-1963)
  • nullipara - (obstetrics) a woman who has never give birth to a child
  • numbers - the fourth book of the Old Testament; contains a record of the number of Israelites who followed Moses out of Egypt; an illegal daily lottery
  • numeral - of or relating to or denoting numbers; a symbol used to represent a number
  • nursed - (of an infant) breast-fed
  • nursery - a child's room for a baby; a building with glass walls and roof; for the cultivation and exhibition of plants under controlled conditions
  • nursing - the work of caring for the sick or injured or infirm: nourishing at the breast; the profession of a nurse
  • nutation - uncontrolled nodding
  • nutrient - of or providing nourishment; any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
  • nutritional - of or relating to or providing nutrition
  • nutritionist - a specialist in the study of nutrition
  • nuts - informal or slang terms for mentally irregular
  • nv - a state in the western United States
  • nw - the compass point midway between north and west; at 315 degrees
  • nyctalopia - inability to see clearly in dim light; due to a deficiency of vitamin A or to a retinal disorder
  • nyctophobia - a morbid fear of night or darkness
  • nympho - a woman with abnormal sexual desires
  • nymphomania - abnormally intense sexual desire in women
  • nymphomaniac - (used of women) affected with excessive sexual desire; a woman with abnormal sexual desires
  • nystagmus - involuntary movements of the eyeballs; its presence or absence is used to diagnose a variety of neurological and visual disorders
  • nystatin - an antifungal and antibiotic (trade names Mycostatin and Nystan) discovered in New York State; derived from soil fungi actinomycetes
  • oak - a deciduous tree of the genus Quercus; has acorns and lobed leaves; the hard durable wood of any oak; used especially for furniture and flooring
  • obese - excessively fat
  • obesity - more than average fatness
  • obey - be obedient to
  • obliterated - reduced to nothingness
  • obliteration - destruction by annihilating something; the complete destruction of every trace of something
  • observable - capable of being seen or noticed
  • observed - discovered or determined by scientific observation
  • obsessed - influenced or controlled by a powerful force such as a strong emotion; having or showing excessive or compulsive concern with something
  • obsessional - characterized by or constituting an obsession
  • obsessive - characterized by or constituting an obsession; a person who has obsessions
  • obstetric - of or relating to or used in or practicing obstetrics
  • obstetrical - of or relating to or used in or practicing obstetrics
  • obstetrician - a physician specializing in obstetrics
  • obstetrics - the branch of medicine dealing with childbirth and care of the mother
  • obstipation - severe constipation resulting from an obstruction in the intestines
  • obstruct - block passage through; shut out from view or get in the way so as to hide from sight; hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of
  • obstructed - shut off to passage or view or hindered from action
  • obstructive - preventing movement
  • obtain - come into possession of; receive a specified treatment (abstract); be valid, applicable, or true
  • obtrusive - sticking out; protruding; undesirably noticeable
  • obturator - a prosthesis used to close an opening (as to close an opening of the hard palate in cases of cleft palate)
  • obvious - easily perceived by the senses or grasped by the mind
  • occasionally - now and then or here and there
  • occasions - something you have to do
  • occipital - of or relating to the occiput
  • occiput - back part of the head or skull
  • occluded - (of a substance) taken into and retained in another substance; closed off
  • occlusive - tending to occlude; a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some point and suddenly releasing it
  • occupancy - an act of being a tenant or occupant; the act of occupying or taking possession of a building
  • occupational - of or relating to the activity or business for which you are trained
  • occupied - resided in; having tenants; held or filled or in use; seized and controlled as by military invasion; having ones attention or mind or energy engaged
  • occur - come to one's mind; suggest itself; to be found to exist: come to pass
  • occurrence - an instance of something occurring; an event that happens
  • ochronosis - an accumulation of dark pigment in cartilage and other connective tissue; usually a symptom of alkaptonuria or phenol poisoning
  • octave - a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse; a musical interval of eight tones; a feast day and the seven days following it
  • ocular - able to be seen; relating to or using sight; of or relating to or resembling the eye; combination of lenses at the viewing end of optical instruments
  • oculomotor - supplies extrinsic muscles of the eye
  • odontalgia - an ache localized in or around a tooth
  • odontology - the branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy and development and diseases of the teeth
  • odourless - having no odor
  • odynophagia - severe pain on swallowing due to a disorder of the esophagus
  • oedema - swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • oesophagitis - inflammation of the esophagus; often caused by gastroesophageal reflux
  • oesophagoscope - an optical instrument for examining the inside of the esophagus
  • oesophagus - the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • oestradiol - the most powerful female hormone that occurs naturally; synthesized and used to treat estrogen deficiency and breast cancer
  • oestriol - a naturally occurring estrogenic hormone; a synthetic form is used to treat estrogen deficiency
  • oestrogen - a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
  • oestrone - a naturally occurring weak estrogenic hormone secreted by the mammalian ovary; synthesized (trade name Estronol) and used to treat estrogen deficiency
  • officially - in an official role; with official authorization
  • offspring - something that comes into existence as a result; the immediate descendants of a person; any immature animal
  • often - many times at short intervals; frequently or in great quantities
  • oh - a midwestern state in north central United States in the Great Lakes region
  • oklahoma - a state in south central United States
  • oleaginous - containing an unusual amount of grease or oil: unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating in manner or speech
  • olecranon - process of the ulna that forms the outer bump of the elbow and fits into the fossa of the humerus when the arm is extended
  • oleo - a spread made chiefly from vegetable oils and used as a substitute for butter
  • olfaction - the faculty that enables us to distinguish scents
  • olfactory - of or relating to olfaction
  • oligodontia - congenital condition in which some of the teeth are missing
  • oligomenorrhea - abnormally light or infrequent menstruation
  • oligospermia - insufficient spermatozoa in the semen
  • ology - an informal word (abstracted from words with this ending) for some unidentified branch of knowledge
  • ombudsman - a government appointee who investigates complaints by private persons against the government
  • omentum - a fold of peritoneum supporting the viscera
  • omeprazole - antacid (trade name Prilosec) that suppresses acid secretion in the stomach
  • omphalocele - protrusion of the intestine and omentum through a hernia in the abdominal wall near the navel; usually self correcting after birth
  • omphalus - scar where the umbilical cord was attached
  • once - on one occasion; at a previous time; as soon as
  • oncogene - a gene that causes normal cells to change into cancerous tumor cells
  • oncologist - a specialist in oncology
  • oncology - the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of tumors
  • onset - the beginning or early stages; (military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons)
  • ontario - a prosperous and industrialized province in central Canada; the smallest of the Great Lakes
  • onycholysis - separation of a nail from its normal attachment to the nail bed
  • onychosis - any disease or disorder of the nails
  • oocyte - a female gametocyte that develops into an ovum after two meiotic divisions
  • oogenesis - development of ova
  • oophorectomy - surgical removal of one of both ovaries
  • oophoritis - inflammation of one or both ovaries
  • oophorosalpingectomy - surgical removal of one or both ovaries and the corresponding Fallopian tubes
  • oozing - leaking out slowly; the process of seeping
  • opacification - the process of becoming cloudy or opaque
  • opaque - not clear; not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy; not clearly understood or expressed
  • opened - made open or clear; used of mouth or eyes; not sealed or having been unsealed
  • openly - in an open way
  • operable - capable of being treated by surgical operation; usable for a specific purpose; fit or ready for use or service
  • operant - having influence or producing an effect
  • operating - involved in a kind of operation; being in effect or operation
  • operations - financial transactions at a brokerage; having to do with the execution of trades and keeping customer records
  • operculum - a hard flap serving as a cover for (a) the gill slits in fishes or (b) the opening of the shell in certain gastropods when the body is retracted
  • ophthalmectomy - surgical removal of an eye
  • ophthalmia - severe conjunctivitis
  • ophthalmic - of or relating to ophthalmology; of or relating to the eye
  • ophthalmitis - severe conjunctivitis
  • ophthalmologist - a medical doctor specializing in the treatment of diseases of the eye
  • ophthalmology - the branch of medicine concerned with the eye and its diseases
  • ophthalmoplegia - paralysis of the motor nerves of the eye
  • ophthalmoscope - medical instrument for examining the retina of the eye
  • ophthalmoscopy - examination of the interior of an eye using an ophthalmoscope
  • opiate - a narcotic drug that contains opium or an opium derivative
  • opisthotonos - severe spasm in which the back arches and the head bends back and heels flex toward the back
  • opium - an addictive narcotic extracted from seed capsules of the opium poppy
  • opportunist - taking immediate advantage, often unethically, of any circumstance of possible benefit; a person who places expediency above principle
  • opportunistic - taking immediate advantage, often unethically, of any circumstance of possible benefit
  • opportunity - a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances
  • opposed - being in opposition or having an opponent; in opposition to (a policy or attitude etc.)
  • opposing - characterized by active hostility; in opposition to (a policy or attitude etc.)
  • opsonin - an antibody in blood serum that attaches to invading microorganisms and other antigens to make them more susceptible to the action of phagocytes
  • optic - relating to or using sight; of or relating to or resembling the eye; the organ of sight
  • optical - of or relating to or involving light or optics; relating to or using sight; of or relating to or resembling the eye
  • optician - a worker who makes glasses for remedying defects of vision
  • optics - the branch of physics that studies the physical properties of light
  • optometrist - a person skilled in testing for defects of vision in order to prescribe corrective glasses
  • optometry - the practice of an optometrist
  • opus - a musical work that has been created
  • or - a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations; a state in northwestern United States on the Pacific
  • orally - by spoken rather than written means; (of drugs) through the mouth rather than through injection
  • orbital - of or relating to the eye socket; of or relating to an orbit
  • orchidalgia - pain in the testes
  • orchidectomy - surgical removal of one or both testicles
  • orchiopexy - operation to bring an undescended testicle into the scrotum
  • orchitis - inflammation of one or both testes; characterized by pain and swelling
  • ore - a monetary subunit in Denmark and Norway and Sweden; 100 ore equal 1 krona; a mineral that contains metal that is valuable enough to be mined
  • organelle - a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ
  • organically - involving carbon compounds; as an important constituent; in an organic manner
  • organised - being a member of or formed into a labor union
  • organs - edible viscera of a butchered animal
  • orgasm - the moment of most intense pleasure in sexual intercourse
  • oriented - adjusted or located in relation to surroundings or circumstances; sometimes used in combination
  • orifice - an aperture or hole that opens into a bodily cavity
  • originally - in an original manner; before now; with reference to the origin or beginning
  • originate - bring into being; come into existence; take on form or shape; begin a trip at a certain point, as of a plane, train, bus, etc.
  • ornithine - an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is important in the formation of urea
  • ornithosis - an atypical pneumonia caused by a rickettsia microorganism and transmitted to humans from infected birds
  • oropharynx - cavity formed by the pharynx at the back of the mouth
  • orthodontia - the branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention or correction of irregularities of the teeth
  • orthodontic - of or relating to or involving or practicing orthodontics
  • orthodontics - the branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention or correction of irregularities of the teeth
  • orthodontist - a dentist specializing in the prevention or correction of irregularities of the teeth
  • orthopaedic - of or relating to or employed in orthopedics
  • orthopaedics - the branch of medical science concerned with disorders or deformities of the spine and joints
  • orthopaedist - a specialist in correcting deformities of the skeletal system (especially in children)
  • orthopedic - of or relating to or employed in orthopedics
  • orthopedics - the branch of medical science concerned with disorders or deformities of the spine and joints
  • orthopedist - a specialist in correcting deformities of the skeletal system (especially in children)
  • orthoptist - a specialist in orthoptics
  • orthostatic - pertaining to an upright standing posture
  • oscilloscope - electronic equipment that provides visual images of varying electrical quantities
  • oslo - the capital and largest city of Norway; the country's main port; located at the head of a fjord on Norway's southern coast
  • osmoreceptor - sensory end organ that responds to changes in osmotic pressure
  • osmotic - of or relating to osmosis
  • osseous - composed of or containing bone
  • ossicle - a small bone; especially one in the middle ear
  • osteitis - inflammation of a bone as a consequence of infection or trauma or degeneration
  • osteoarthritis - chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
  • osteoblast - a cell from which bone develops
  • osteochondroma - benign tumor containing both bone and cartilage; usually occurs near the end of a long bone
  • osteoclasis - treatment of a skeletal deformity by intentionally fracturing a bone
  • osteoclast - cell that functions in the breakdown and resorption of bone tissue
  • osteocyte - mature bone cell
  • osteodystrophy - defective bone development; usually attributable to renal disease or to disturbances in calcium and phosphorus metabolism
  • osteology - the branch of anatomy that studies the bones of the vertebrate skeleton
  • osteolysis - lysis of bone caused by disease or infection or inadequate blood supply
  • osteoma - a slow growing benign tumor of consisting of bone tissue; usually on the skull or mandible
  • osteomalacia - abnormal softening of bones caused by deficiencies of phosphorus or calcium or vitamin D
  • osteomyelitis - an inflammation of bone and bone marrow (usually caused by bacterial infection)
  • osteopath - a therapist who manipulates the skeleton and muscles
  • osteopathy - therapy based on the assumption that restoring health is best accomplished by manipulating the skeleton and muscles
  • osteopetrosis - an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density; in severe forms the bone marrow cavity may be obliterated
  • osteophyte - small abnormal bony outgrowth
  • osteoporosis - abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women
  • osteosarcoma - malignant bone tumor; most common in children and young adults where it tends to affect the femur
  • osteosclerosis - abnormal hardening or eburnation of bone
  • osteotomy - surgical sectioning of bone
  • ostomy - surgical procedure that creates an artificial opening for the elimination of bodily wastes
  • otalgia - an ache localized in the middle or inner ear
  • otc - (of securities) not quoted on a stock exchange
  • otherwise - other than as supposed or expected; in other respects or ways; in another and different manner
  • otic - of or relating to near the ear
  • otitis - inflammation of the ear
  • oto - a dialect of the Chiwere language spoken by the Oto; a member of the Siouan people inhabiting the valleys of the Platte and Missouri rivers in Nebraska
  • otolaryngologist - a specialist in the disorders of the ear or nose or throat
  • otolaryngology - the medical specialty that deals with diseases of the ear, nose and throat
  • otologist - a physician who specializes in the ear and its diseases
  • otology - the branch of medicine concerned with the ear
  • otoplasty - reconstructive surgery of the auricle of the external ear
  • otorhinolaryngologist - a specialist in the disorders of the ear or nose or throat
  • otorhinolaryngology - the medical specialty that deals with diseases of the ear, nose and throat
  • otorrhea - discharge from the external ear
  • otosclerosis - hereditary disorder in which ossification of the labyrinth of the inner ear causes tinnitus and eventual deafness
  • ototoxic - toxic to the organs of hearing or balance or to the auditory nerve
  • outbreak - a sudden violent spontaneous occurrence (usually of some undesirable condition)
  • outcome - something that results; a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon
  • outer - being on or toward the outside of the body; being on the outside or further from a center; located outside
  • outpatient - a patient who does not reside in the hospital where he is being treated
  • outreach - the act of reaching out
  • outstretched - fully extended especially in length
  • outward - relating to physical reality rather than with thoughts or the mind; that is going out or leaving; toward the outside
  • outwards - toward the outside
  • oval - rounded like an egg; a closed plane curve resulting from the intersection of a circular cone and a plane cutting completely through it
  • ovarian - of or involving the ovaries
  • ovariectomy - surgical removal of one of both ovaries
  • ovaritis - inflammation of the ovaries
  • ovary - (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone; the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • overactive - more active than normal
  • overactivity - excessive activity
  • overbite - (dentistry) malocclusion in which the upper teeth extend abnormally far over the lower teeth
  • overcompensate - make excessive corrections for fear of making an error; make up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities
  • overcompensation - excessive compensation; (psychiatry) an attempt to overcome a real or imagined defect or unwanted trait by overly exaggerating its opposite
  • overdo - do something to an excessive degree
  • overdose - dose too heavily
  • overeating - eating to excess (personified as one of the deadly sins)
  • overexertion - excessive exertion; so much exertion that discomfort or injury results
  • overgrow - grow beyond or across; become overgrown
  • overgrown - covered with growing plants; abounding in usually unwanted vegetation
  • overgrowth - a profusion of growth on or over something else: excessive size; usually caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • overlying - placed on or over something else
  • overnight - lasting, open, or operating through the whole night: happening in a short time or with great speed
  • overproduction - too much production or more than expected
  • oversew - sew (two edges) with close stitches that pass over them both
  • oversewn - sewn together with overhand stitches (close vertical stitches that pass over and draw the two edges together)
  • overt - open and observable; not secret or hidden
  • overuse - exploitation to the point of diminishing returns; make use of too often or too extensively
  • overweight - usually describes a large person who is fat but has a large frame to carry it; the property of excessive fatness
  • overwork - the act of working too much or too long; use too much: work excessively hard
  • overworking - the act of working too much or too long
  • overwrought - deeply agitated especially from emotion
  • oviduct - either of a pair of tubes conducting the egg from the ovary to the uterus
  • ovulate - produce and discharge eggs
  • ovulation - the expulsion of an ovum from the ovary (usually midway in the menstrual cycle)
  • ovum - the female reproductive cell; the female gamete
  • own - belonging to or on behalf of a specified person (especially yourself); preceded by a possessive; have ownership or possession of
  • oxidase - any of the enzymes that catalyze biological oxidation
  • oxidation - the process of oxidizing; the addition of oxygen to a compound with a loss of electrons; always occurs accompanied by reduction
  • oxide - any compound of oxygen with another element or a radical
  • oximeter - a measuring instrument that measures the oxygen in arterial blood
  • oxycephaly - a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
  • oxygenate - impregnate, combine, or supply with oxygen
  • oxygenation - the process of providing or combining or treating with oxygen
  • oxyhaemoglobin - the bright red hemoglobin that is a combination of hemoglobin and oxygen from the lungs
  • oxyhemoglobin - the bright red hemoglobin that is a combination of hemoglobin and oxygen from the lungs
  • oxytocic - a drug that induces labor by stimulating contractions of the muscles of the uterus
  • oxytocin - hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitocin); stimulates contractions of the uterus and ejection of milk
  • ozaena - a chronic disease of the nose characterized by a foul-smelling nasal discharge and atrophy of nasal structures
  • ozena - a chronic disease of the nose characterized by a foul-smelling nasal discharge and atrophy of nasal structures
  • pachyderma - thickening of the skin (usually unilateral on an extremity) caused by congenital enlargement of lymph vessel and lymph vessel obstruction
  • pacifier - device used for an infant to suck or bite on; someone who tries to bring peace
  • pacing - walking with slow regular strides; (music) the speed at which a composition is to be played
  • packed - pressed together or compressed; filled to capacity
  • packet - a small package or bundle; (computer science) a message or message fragment; a boat for carrying mail; a collection of things wrapped or boxed together
  • packing - carrying something in a pack on the back; the enclosure of something in a package or box; any material used especially to protect something
  • pact - a written agreement between two states or sovereigns
  • padded - softened by the addition of cushions or padding
  • padding - artifact consisting of soft or resilient material used to fill or give shape or protect or add comfort
  • padua - a city in Veneto
  • paediatric - of or relating to the medical care of children
  • paediatrician - a specialist in the care of babies
  • paediatrics - the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of infants and children
  • paget - English pathologist who discovered the cause of trichinosis (1814-1899)
  • paid - marked by the reception of pay; involving gainful employment in something often done as a hobby; yielding a fair profit
  • painful - causing physical or psychological pain; causing physical discomfort; exceptionally bad or displeasing; causing misery or pain or distress
  • painkiller - a medicine used to relieve pain
  • painless - requiring little hard work or exertion; not causing physical or psychological pain
  • pains - an effortful attempt to attain a goal
  • paired - mated sexually; used of gloves, socks, etc.; of leaves etc; growing in pairs on either side of a stem
  • paisley - a soft wool fabric with a colorful swirled pattern of curved shapes
  • palate - the upper surface of the mouth that separates the oral and nasal cavities
  • palatoglossal - relating to the palate and tongue
  • pali - an ancient Prakrit language (derived from Sanskrit) that is the scriptural and liturgical language of Theravada Buddhism
  • palilalia - a pathological condition in which a word is rapidly and involuntarily repeated
  • palliative - moderating pain or sorrow by making it easier to bear: remedy that alleviates pain without curing
  • pallidum - the inner pale yellow part of the lenticular nucleus
  • pallor - unnatural lack of color in the skin (as from bruising or sickness or emotional distress)
  • palmar - relating to the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot
  • palpable - capable of being perceived by the senses or the mind; especially capable of being handled or touched or felt; can be felt by palpation
  • palpable - capable of being perceived by the senses or the mind; especially capable of being handled or touched or felt; can be felt by palpation
  • palpate - examine (a body part) by palpation
  • palpebra - either of two folds of skin that can be moved to cover or open the eye
  • palpitate - beat rapidly; cause to throb or beat rapidly; shake with fast, tremulous movements
  • palpitation - a rapid and irregular heart beat; a shaky motion
  • palsy - a condition marked by uncontrollable tremor; loss of the ability to move a body part; affect with palsy
  • pancarditis - inflammation of the entire heart (the epicardium and the myocardium and the endocardium)
  • pancreas - a large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach; secretes pancreatic juice and insulin
  • pancreatectomy - surgical removal of part or all of the pancreas
  • pancreatic - of or involving the pancreas
  • pancreatitis - inflammation of the pancreas; usually marked by abdominal pain
  • panencephalitis - diffuse inflammation of the entire brain
  • pang - a sudden sharp feeling; a sharp spasm of pain; a mental pain or distress
  • panhysterectomy - surgical removal of the uterus and the ovaries and oviducts and cervix and related lymph nodes
  • panicked - thrown into a state of intense fear or desperation
  • panting - breathing laboriously or convulsively; breathing heavily (as after exertion); any fabric used to make trousers
  • panto - an abbreviation of pantomime
  • pantropic - distributed throughout the tropics
  • pap - worthless or oversimplified ideas; the small projection of a mammary gland; a diet that does not require chewing; advised for those with intestinal disorders
  • papa - an informal term for a father; probably derived from baby talk
  • papillary - of or relating to or resembling papilla
  • papilloma - a benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
  • papovavirus - any of a group of animal viruses associated with or causing papillomas or polyomas
  • papule - a small inflamed elevation of skin that is nonsuppurative (as in chicken pox)
  • paracentesis - centesis of the belly to remove fluid for diagnosis
  • paradoxical - seemingly contradictory but nonetheless possibly true
  • paraesthesia - abnormal skin sensations (as tingling or tickling or itching or burning) usually associated with peripheral nerve damage
  • paralyse - cause to be paralyzed and immobile; make powerless and unable to function
  • paralysis - loss of the ability to move a body part
  • paralytic - affected or subject to with paralysis; relating to or of the nature of paralysis; a person suffering from paralysis
  • paralyze - cause to be paralyzed and immobile; make powerless and unable to function
  • paramedic - a person trained to assist medical professionals and to give emergency medical treatment
  • parametritis - inflammation of connective tissue adjacent to the uterus
  • paramnesia - (psychiatry) a disorder of memory in which dreams or fantasies are confused with reality
  • paramyxovirus - a group of viruses including those causing mumps and measles
  • paranasal - adjacent to the nasal cavities
  • paranoia - a psychological disorder characterized by delusions of persecution or grandeur
  • paranoiac - a person afflicted with paranoia
  • paranoid - suffering from paranoia; a person afflicted with paranoia
  • paraparesis - a slight paralysis or weakness of both legs
  • paraplegia - paralysis of the lower half of the body (most often as a result of trauma)
  • paraprofessional - a trained worker who is not a member of a profession but who assists a professional
  • parapsychology - phenomena that appear to contradict physical laws and suggest the possibility of causation by mental processes
  • paraquat - a poisonous yellow solid used in solution as a herbicide
  • parasitaemia - a condition in which parasites are present in the blood
  • parasympathomimetic - having an effect similar to that resulting from stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system
  • parathyroid - any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland
  • paratyphoid - any of a variety of infectious intestinal diseases resembling typhoid fever
  • parent - a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian; bring up
  • parenteral - located outside the alimentary tract; administered by means other than through the alimentary tract (as by intramuscular or intravenous injection)
  • parenthood - the state of being a parent
  • paresis - a slight or partial paralysis
  • paresthesia - abnormal skin sensations (as tingling or tickling or itching or burning) usually associated with peripheral nerve damage
  • paries - (anatomy) a layer (a lining or membrane) that encloses a structure
  • parietal - of or relating to or associated with the parietal bones in the cranium
  • parkinson - British historian noted for ridicule of bureaucracies (1909-1993); English surgeon (1755-1824)
  • parkinsonism - a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
  • paronychia - low-growing annual or perennial herbs or woody plants; whitlowworts; infection in the tissues adjacent to a nail on a finger or toe
  • parotid - relating to or located near the parotid gland
  • parotitis - inflammation of one or both parotid glands
  • parous - having given birth to one or more viable children
  • paroxysm - a sudden uncontrollable attack
  • paroxysmal - accompanied by or of the nature of paroxysms
  • parsons - United States sociologist (1902-1979)
  • partially - in part; in some degree; not wholly
  • participate - share in something; become a participant; be involved in
  • particularly - to a distinctly greater extent or degree than is common; specifically or especially distinguished from others: uniquely or characteristically
  • partly - in part; in some degree; not wholly
  • parts - the local environment
  • parturient - giving birth; of or relating to or giving birth
  • parturition - the process of giving birth
  • pasteur - French chemist and biologist whose discovery that fermentation is caused by microorganisms resulted in the process of pasteurization (1822-1895)
  • pasteurisation - partial sterilization of foods at a temperature that destroys harmful microorganisms without major changes in the chemistry of the food
  • pasteurise - heat food in order to kill harmful microorganisms
  • pasteurised - having been subjected to pasteurization in order to halt fermentation
  • pasteurization - partial sterilization of foods at a temperature that destroys harmful microorganisms without major changes in the chemistry of the food
  • pasteurize - heat food in order to kill harmful microorganisms
  • pastille - a medicated lozenge used to soothe the throat
  • patella - type genus of the family Patellidae: common European limpets; a small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that protects the knee joint
  • patellar - near or relating to the patella or kneecap
  • patency - the openness (lack of obstruction) of a bodily passage or duct; the property of being easy to see and understand
  • paternity - the state of being a father; the act of initiating a new idea or theory or writing; the kinship relation between an offspring and the father
  • pathogen - any disease-producing agent (especially a virus or bacterium or other microorganism)
  • pathogenesis - the origination and development of a disease
  • pathogenic - able to cause disease
  • pathologic - caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology; of or relating to the practice of pathology
  • pathologist - a doctor who specializes in medical diagnosis
  • pathology - the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases; any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
  • pathway - a trodden path; a bundle of myelinated nerve fibers following a path through the brain
  • pavement - the paved surface of a thoroughfare; walk consisting of a paved area for pedestrians; usually beside a street or roadway: material used to pave an area
  • paying - for which money is paid; yielding a fair profit
  • payment - the act of paying money; a sum of money paid
  • pb - a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey
  • pcp - a drug used as an anesthetic by veterinarians; illicitly taken (originally in the form of powder or `dust') for its effects as a hallucinogen
  • pct - a proportion multiplied by 100
  • pe - the 17th letter of the Hebrew alphabet
  • peaky - having or as if having especially high-pitched spots
  • peanuts - an insignificant sum of money; a trifling amount
  • pectineal - of or relating to the pubis
  • pectoral - of or relating to the chest or thorax; an adornment worn on the chest or breast; either of two large muscles of the chest
  • pectoralis - either of two large muscles of the chest
  • pectus - the part of the human torso between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates
  • pedal - of or relating to the feet; a lever that is operated with the foot; a sustained bass note; operate the pedals on a keyboard instrument; ride a bicycle
  • pediatrics - the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of infants and children
  • pedicle - a small stalk bearing a single flower of an inflorescence; an ultimate division of a common peduncle
  • pediculicide - a chemical agent that kills lice
  • pediculosis - infestation with lice (Pediculus humanus) resulting in severe itching
  • pediculus - type genus of Pediculidae: true lice infecting humans
  • pedodontist - a dentist who specializes in the care of children's teeth
  • pedunculate - having or growing on or from a peduncle or stalk
  • pee - informal terms for urination; liquid excretory product; eliminate urine
  • peeling - having the paint loose and peeling away; loss of bits of outer skin by peeling or shedding or coming off in scales
  • pel - (computer science) the smallest discrete component of an image or picture on a CRT screen (usually a colored dot)
  • pellet - a small sphere; a solid missile discharged from a firearm
  • pellicle - thin protective membrane in some protozoa
  • pelvic - of or relating to the pelvis
  • pelvimeter - measuring instrument for performing pelvimetry
  • pelvimetry - measurement of the dimensions of the bony birth canal (to determine whether vaginal birth is possible)
  • pemphigus - a skin disease characterized by large thin-walled blisters (bullae) arising from normal skin or mucous membrane
  • pendulous - having branches or flower heads that bend downward
  • penetrating - tending to penetrate; having the power of entering or piercing; having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions
  • penicillamine - a drug (trade name Cuprimine) used to treat heavy metal poisoning and Wilson's disease and severe arthritis
  • penicillin - any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseases
  • penicillinase - enzyme produced by certain bacteria that inactivates penicillin and results in resistance to that antibiotic
  • penicillium - genus of fungi commonly growing as green or blue molds on decaying food; used in making cheese and as a source of penicillin
  • penile - of or relating to the penis
  • penis - the male organ of copulation (`member' is a euphemism)
  • pent - closely confined
  • pentazocine - analgesic drug (trade name Talwin) that is less addictive than morphine
  • pentose - any monosaccharide sugar containing five atoms of carbon per molecule
  • pep - liveliness and energy
  • pepsi - Pepsi Cola is a trademarked cola
  • pepsin - an enzyme produced in the stomach that splits proteins into peptones
  • pepsinogen - precursor of pepsin; stored in the stomach walls and converted to pepsin by hydrochloric acid in the stomach
  • peptic - relating to or promoting digestion
  • peptidase - any enzyme that catalyzes the splitting of proteins into smaller peptide fractions and amino acids by a process known as proteolysis
  • peptide - amide combining the amino group of one amino acid with the carboxyl group of another; usually obtained by partial hydrolysis of protein
  • peptone - any of various water-soluble compounds that form by hydrolysis in the digestion of proteins to amino acids
  • perceived - detected by means of the senses; detected by instinct or inference rather than by recognized perceptual cues
  • percentage - a proportion multiplied by 100; assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group
  • perceptive - having the ability to perceive or understand; keen in discernment; of or relating to perception
  • percutaneous - through the unbroken skin; refers to medications applied directly to the skin (creams or ointments) or in time-release forms (skin patches)
  • perfectly - in a perfect or faultless way; completely and without qualification; used informally as intensifiers
  • perforate - having a hole cut through; pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance; make a hole into or between, as for ease of separation
  • perforated - having a number or series of holes; having a hole cut through
  • perform - carry out or perform an action; give a performance (of something); perform a function; get (something) done
  • performing - the performance of a part or role in a drama
  • perfuse - force a fluid through (a body part or tissue); cause to spread or flush or flood through, over, or across
  • perfusion - pumping a liquid into an organ or tissue (especially by way of blood vessels)
  • perhaps - by chance
  • peri - (Persian folklore) a supernatural being descended from fallen angels and excluded from paradise until penance is done; a beautiful and graceful girl
  • perianal - around the anus
  • periarteritis - inflammation of the outer coat of an artery
  • pericardial - located around the heart or relating to or affecting the pericardium
  • pericarditis - inflammation of the pericardium
  • pericardium - a serous membrane with two layers that surrounds the heart
  • perilymph - the bodily fluid that fills the space between the bony labyrinth and the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear
  • perimeter - a line enclosing a plane areas; the size of something as given by the distance around it; the boundary line or the area immediately inside the boundary
  • perimysium - the sheath of connective tissue that covers a bundle of muscle fibers
  • perinatal - occurring during the period around birth (5 months before and 1 month after)
  • perinatologist - an obstetrician specializing in perinatology
  • perineal - of or relating to the perineum
  • perineum - the general region between the anus and the genital organs
  • perineurium - the sheath of connective tissue that covers a bundle of nerve fibers
  • periodic - recurring or reappearing from time to time; happening or recurring at regular intervals; recurring at regular intervals
  • periodicity - the quality of recurring at regular intervals
  • periodontal - of or relating to or involving or practicing periodontics
  • periodontia - the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the gums and other structures around the teeth
  • periodontic - of or relating to or involving or practicing periodontics
  • periodontics - the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the gums and other structures around the teeth
  • periodontist - a dentist specializing in diseases of the gums and other structure surrounding the teeth
  • periodontitis - a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
  • periphery - the outside boundary or surface of something
  • peristalsis - the process of wavelike muscle contractions of the alimentary tract that moves food along
  • peritoneal - of or relating to or affecting the peritoneum
  • peritoneum - a transparent membrane that lines the abdominal cavity in mammals and covers most of the viscera
  • peritonitis - inflammation of the peritoneum
  • peritrichous - covered all over with uniformly distributed flagella
  • perleche - a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth; caused by a deficiency of riboflavin
  • permanently - for a long time without essential change
  • permanganate - a dark purple salt of permanganic acid; in water solution it is used as a disinfectant and antiseptic
  • permeability - the property of something that can be pervaded by a liquid (as by osmosis or diffusion)
  • permeable - allowing fluids or gases to pass or diffuse through
  • permission - approval to do something; the act of giving a formal (usually written) authorization
  • pernicious - working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way; exceedingly harmful
  • pernio - inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture
  • peroneal - of or relating to the fibula or the outer part of the leg below the knee
  • peroneus - muscle of the lower leg that is involved in moving the foot
  • persecute - cause to suffer
  • persecution - the act of persecuting (especially on the basis of race or religion)
  • persist - stay behind; be persistent, refuse to stop; continue to exist
  • persistent - never-ceasing; retained; not shed; continually recurring to the mind
  • person - a human being; a human body (usually including the clothing); a grammatical category of pronouns and verb forms
  • perspiration - salty fluid secreted by sweat glands; the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid
  • perspire - excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin
  • persuade - cause somebody to adopt a certain position, belief, or course of action; twist somebody's arm; win approval or support for
  • pertussis - a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
  • pes - the part of the leg of a human being below the ankle joint
  • pesticide - a chemical used to kill pests (as rodents or insects)
  • petechia - a minute red or purple spot on the surface of the skin as the result of tiny hemorrhages of blood vessels in the skin (as in typhoid fever)
  • peter - disciple of Jesus and leader of the apostles; regarded by Catholics as the vicar of Christ on earth and first Pope; obscene terms for penis
  • petrified - so frightened as to be unable to move; stunned or paralyzed with terror; converted into a mineral; converted into stone
  • petrissage - massage of the skin which is gently lifted and squeezed
  • petroleum - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
  • petrous - (of bone especially the temporal bone) resembling stone in hardness
  • phaeochromocytoma - a vascular tumor of the adrenal gland; hypersecretion of epinephrine results in intermittent or sustained hypertension
  • phage - a virus that is parasitic in bacteria
  • phagocyte - a cell that engulfs and digests debris and invading microorganisms
  • phagocytic - capable of functioning as a phagocyte
  • phagocytosis - process in which phagocytes engulf and digest microorganisms and cellular debris; an important defense against infection
  • phalangeal - of or relating to the bones of the fingers or toes
  • phalangitis - inflammation of a finger or toe
  • phalanx - any of the bones of the fingers or toes; a body of troops in close array; any closely ranked crowd of people
  • phalloplasty - reconstructive surgery on the penis to repair congenital abnormality or injury
  • phantom - something apparently sensed but having no physical reality; something existing in perception only; a ghostly appearing figure
  • pharmaceutics - the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,
  • pharmacist - a health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs
  • pharmacokinetics - the study of the action of drugs in the body: method and rate of excretion; duration of effect; etc.
  • pharmacological - of or relating to pharmacology
  • pharmacologist - someone trained in the science of drugs (their composition and uses and effects)
  • pharmacology - the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
  • pharmacopeia - (pharmacology) a book containing a compilation of pharmaceutical products with their formulas and methods of preparation
  • pharmacopoeia - a collection or stock of drugs
  • pharmacy - the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,; a retail shop where medicine and other articles are sold
  • pharyngeal - of or relating to the throat; a consonant articulated in the back of the mouth or throat
  • pharyngitis - inflammation of the fauces and pharynx
  • pharynx - the passage to the stomach and lungs; in the front part of the neck below the chin and above the collarbone
  • phenazopyridine - analgesic (trade name Pyridium) used to treat urinary tract infections
  • phenelzine - monoamine oxidase inhibitor (trade name Nardil) used to treat clinical depression
  • phenobarbitone - a long-acting barbiturate used as a sedative
  • phenomenon - any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning; a remarkable development
  • phenotype - what an organism looks like as a consequence of the interaction of its genotype and the environment
  • phenytoin - an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat epilepsy and that is not a sedative
  • phial - a small bottle that contains a drug (especially a sealed sterile container for injection by needle)
  • philia - a positive feeling of liking
  • philosopher - a specialist in philosophy; a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity
  • phimosis - an abnormal tightness of the foreskin preventing retraction over the glans
  • phlebectomy - surgical removal or all or part of a vein; sometimes done in cases of severe varicose veins
  • phlebitis - inflammation of a vein (usually in the legs)
  • phlebogram - an X ray of a vein injected with a radiopaque contrast medium
  • phlebotomise - draw blood
  • phlebotomize - draw blood
  • phlebotomus - small bloodsucking sand flies that resemble moths: a mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasii
  • phlebotomy - surgical incision into a vein; used to treat hemochromatosis
  • phobia - an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations
  • phobic - suffering from irrational fears
  • phon - a unit of subjective loudness
  • phonation - the sound made by the vibration of vocal folds modified by the resonance of the vocal tract
  • phonology - the study of the sound system of a given language and the analysis and classification of its phonemes
  • phosphatase - any of a group of enzymes that act as a catalyst in the hydrolysis of organic phosphates
  • phosphate - carbonated drink with fruit syrup and a little phosphoric acid; a salt of phosphoric acid
  • phospholipid - any of various compounds composed of fatty acids and phosphoric acid and a nitrogenous base; an important constituent of membranes
  • phosphorescent - emitting light without appreciable heat as by slow oxidation of phosphorous
  • phosphoric - containing or characteristic of phosphorus
  • phot - a unit of illumination equal to 1 lumen per square centimeter; 10,000 phots equal 1 lux
  • photalgia - pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light (often associated with albinism)
  • photo - a picture of a person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a camera on light-sensitive material
  • photogenic - looking attractive in photographs
  • photographic - representing people or nature with the exactness and fidelity of a photograph; relating to photography or obtained by using photography
  • photon - a quantum of electromagnetic radiation; an elementary particle that is its own antiparticle
  • photophobia - a morbid fear of light; pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light (often associated with albinism)
  • photoretinitis - damage to the retina resulting from exposure of the eye to the sun without adequate protection
  • photosensitive - sensitive to visible light
  • photosensitivity - sensitivity to the action of radiant energy
  • phototherapy - the use of strong light to treat acne or hyperbilirubinemia of the newborn
  • phrasal - of or relating to or functioning as a phrase
  • phrenic - of or relating to the diaphragm
  • phthirius - true lice: crab lice
  • phthisis - involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  • phycomycosis - any fungal infection caused by fungi of the Phycomycetes group
  • physically - in accord with physical laws
  • physician - a licensed medical practitioner
  • physicist - a scientist trained in physics
  • physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions
  • physiological - of or relating to the biological study of physiology; of or consistent with an organism's normal functioning
  • physiologist - a biologist specializing in physiology
  • physiology - processes and functions of an organism; the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
  • physiotherapist - therapist who treats injury or dysfunction with exercises and other physical treatments of the disorder
  • physiotherapy - therapy that uses physical agents: exercise and massage and other modalities
  • physique - constitution of the human body; alternative names for the body of a human being
  • physostigmine - used in treatment of Alzheimer's disease and glaucoma
  • pia - perennial herb of East Indies to Polynesia and Australia; cultivated for its large edible root yielding Otaheite arrowroot starch
  • picking - the act of picking (crops or fruit or hops etc.); the quantity of a crop that is harvested
  • picornavirus - a group of single-strand RNA viruses with a protein coat
  • pierre - capital of the state of South Dakota; located in central South Dakota on the Missouri river
  • pigeon - wild and domesticated birds having a heavy body and short legs
  • pigmentation - coloration of living tissues by pigment; the deposition of pigment in animals or plants or human beings
  • piles - a large number or amount; pain caused by venous swelling at or inside the anal sphincter
  • pillow - a cushion to support the head of a sleeping person; rest on or as if on a pillow
  • pilocarpine - cholinergic alkaloid used in eyedrops to treat glaucoma
  • pilosebaceous - of or relating to a hair follicle and its sebaceous gland
  • pimple - a small inflamed elevation of the skin; a pustule or papule; common symptom in acne
  • pimply - (of complexion) blemished by imperfections of the skin
  • pineal - having the form of a pine cone; relating to the pineal body
  • pinguecula - a slightly elevated elastic tissue deposit in the conjunctiva that may extend to the cornea but does not cover it
  • pinguicula - butterworts: a large genus of almost stemless carnivorous bog plants; Europe and America to Antarctica
  • pinna - division of a usually pinnately divided leaf; the externally visible cartilaginous structure of the external ear
  • pinning - a mutual promise of a couple not to date anyone else; on college campuses it was once signaled by the giving of a fraternity pin
  • pinocytosis - process by which certain cells can engulf and incorporate droplets of fluid
  • pinworm - small threadlike worm infesting human intestines and rectum especially in children
  • pipette - measuring instrument consisting of a graduated glass tube used to measure or transfer precise volumes of a liquid by drawing the liquid up into the tube
  • piroxicam - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Feldene) used to treat arthritis and other inflammatory conditions
  • pisa - a city in Tuscany; site of the famous Leaning Tower
  • pisiform - a small wrist bone that articulates only with the triquetral
  • pitted - pitted with cell-like cavities (as a honeycomb)
  • pitting - the formation of small pits in a surface as a consequence of corrosion
  • pityriasis - any of several skin disorders characterized by shedding dry flakes of skin
  • pkd - kidney disease characterized by enlarged kidneys containing many cysts; often leads to kidney failure
  • placed - put in position in relation to other things; situated in a particular spot or position
  • placental - pertaining to or having or occurring by means of a placenta; mammals having a placenta; all mammals except monotremes and marsupials
  • plagiocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
  • planned - designed or carried out according to a plan; planned in advance
  • plantar - relating to or occurring on the undersurface of the foot
  • plaque - (pathology) a small abnormal patch on or inside the body: a memorial made of brass
  • plasmacytoma - neoplasm of plasma cells (usually in bone marrow)
  • plasmapheresis - plasma is separated from whole blood and the rest is returned to the donor
  • plasmin - an enzyme that dissolves the fibrin of blood clots
  • plasminogen - an inactive form of plasmin that occurs in plasma and is converted to plasmin by organic solvents
  • platelet - tiny bits of protoplasm found in vertebrate blood; essential for blood clotting
  • platy - small stocky Mexican fish; popular aquarium fish
  • plausible - apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful; given to or characterized by presenting specious arguments
  • played - (of games) engaged in
  • playing - the action of taking part in a game or sport or other recreation; the act of playing a musical instrument; the performance of a part or role in a drama
  • playmate - a companion at play
  • pleasant - pleasant in manner or behavior; affording pleasure; being in harmony with your taste or likings
  • pleasantly - in an enjoyable manner; in a cheerful manner
  • please - used in polite request; give pleasure to or be pleasing to: give satisfaction; be the will of or have the will (to)
  • pleased - experiencing or manifesting pleasure; feeling pleasurable satisfaction over something by which you measures your self-worth
  • pleasing - able to please or win approval; giving pleasure and satisfaction; giving pleasure or satisfaction; aesthetically pleasing: the act of one who pleases
  • plenty - as much as necessary; a full supply; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent
  • plessor - (medicine) a small hammer with a rubber head used in percussive examinations of the chest and in testing reflexes
  • plethora - extreme excess
  • plethoric - excessively abundant
  • pleura - the thin serous membrane around the lungs and inner walls of the chest
  • pleural - of or relating to the pleura or the walls of the thorax
  • pleurisy - inflammation of the pleura of the lungs (especially the parietal layer)
  • pleurodynia - pain in the chest caused by inflammation of the muscles between the ribs
  • pleuropneumonia - pleurisy and pneumonia
  • plexor - (medicine) a small hammer with a rubber head used in percussive examinations of the chest and in testing reflexes
  • plexus - a network of intersecting blood vessels or intersecting nerves or intersecting lymph vessels
  • plica - a folded part (as in skin or muscle)
  • plicate - fold into pleats, "Pleat the cloth"
  • plication - folding in parallel folds; an angular or rounded shape made by folding
  • pliers - a gripping hand tool with two hinged arms and (usually) serrated jaws
  • plumbism - toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system
  • pms - a syndrome that occurs in many women from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation
  • pneumatic - of or relating to or using air (or a similar gas)
  • pneumococcal - of or derived from or caused by bacteria of the genus pneumococcus
  • pneumococcus - bacterium causing pneumonia in mice and humans
  • pneumoconiosis - chronic respiratory disease caused by inhaling metallic or mineral particles
  • pneumonectomy - surgical removal of a lung (usually to treat lung cancer)
  • pneumonic - relating to or affecting the lungs; pertaining to or characterized by or affected by pneumonia
  • pneumonitis - inflammation of the lungs; caused by a virus or an allergic reaction
  • pock - a pustule in an eruptive disease; mark with a scar
  • pockmark - a scar or pit on the skin that is left by a pustule of smallpox or acne or other eruptive disease; mark with or as if with pockmarks
  • pockmarked - marked by or as if by smallpox or acne or other eruptive skin disease; used of paved surfaces having holes or pits
  • podiatrist - a specialist in care for the feet
  • podiatry - the branch of medicine concerned with the feet
  • pointed - direct and obvious in meaning or reference; often unpleasant; having a point
  • poisoning - the act of giving poison to a person or animal with the intent to kill; the physiological state produced by a poison or other toxic substance
  • poisonous - marked by deep ill will; deliberately harmful; not safe to eat; having the qualities or effects of a poison
  • poland - a republic in central Europe; the invasion of Poland by Germany in 1939 started World War II
  • polarity - having an indicated pole (as the distinction between positive and negative electric charges); a relation between two opposite attributes or tendencies
  • police - the force of policemen and officers; maintain the security of by carrying out a control
  • polio - an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
  • poliomyelitis - an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
  • poliovirus - the virus causing poliomyelitis
  • politely - in a polite manner
  • pollen - the fine spores that contain male gametes and that are borne by an anther in a flowering plant
  • pollex - the thick short innermost digit of the forelimb
  • pollutant - waste matter that contaminates the water or air or soil
  • pollute - make impure
  • polluted - rendered unwholesome by contaminants and pollution
  • polyarteritis - inflammation of several arteries
  • polycythemia - a disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood
  • polydactyl - of or relating to a person (or other vertebrate) having more than the normal number of digits
  • polydipsia - excessive thirst (as in cases of diabetes or kidney dysfunction)
  • polygraph - a medical instrument that records several physiological processes simultaneously (e.g., pulse rate and blood pressure and respiration and perspiration)
  • polymer - a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
  • polymerase - an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of new DNA and RNA from an existing strand of DNA or RNA
  • polymorph - an organism that can assume more than one adult form as in the castes of ants or termites
  • polymyositis - myositis characterized by weakness of limb and neck muscles and much muscle pain and swelling; progression and severity vary among individuals
  • polymyxin - any of several toxic antibiotics obtained from a particular soil bacterium
  • polyneuritis - inflammation of many or all of the peripheral nerves (as in leprosy)
  • polypectomy - surgical removal of a polyp
  • polypeptide - a peptide containing 10 to more than 100 amino acids
  • polypus - a small vascular growth on the surface of a mucous membrane
  • polysaccharide - any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
  • polyunsaturated - (of long-chain carbon compounds especially fats) having many unsaturated bonds
  • polyuria - renal disorder characterized by the production of large volumes of pale dilute urine; often associated with diabetes
  • polyvalent - having more than one valence, or having a valence of 3 or higher; containing several antibodies each capable of counteracting a specific antigen
  • pons - a band of nerve fibers linking the medulla oblongata and the cerebellum with the midbrain; United States coloratura soprano (born in France) (1904-1976)
  • poorly - somewhat ill or prone to illness; (`ill' is often used as a combining form) in a poor or improper or unsatisfactory manner; not well
  • pope - the head of the Roman Catholic Church; English poet and satirist (1688-1744)
  • popliteal - of or relating to the area behind the knee joint
  • pork - meat from a domestic hog or pig; a legislative appropriation designed to ingratiate legislators with their constituents
  • porous - full of pores or vessels or holes; able to absorb fluids: allowing passage in and out
  • porphyria - a genetic abnormality of metabolism causing abdominal pains and mental confusion
  • porphyrin - any of various pigments distributed widely in living tissues
  • porridge - soft food made by boiling oatmeal or other meal or legumes in water or milk until thick
  • porta - an aperture or hole that opens into a bodily cavity
  • porto - port city in northwest Portugal; noted for port wine
  • positioning - causing to fall into line or into position; the act of putting something in a certain place
  • positively - extremely; so as to be positive; in a positive manner
  • positron - an elementary particle with positive charge; interaction of a positron and an electron results in annihilation
  • posology - the pharmacological determination of appropriate doses of drugs and medicines
  • possessed - influenced or controlled by a powerful force such as a strong emotion; in a murderous frenzy as if possessed by a demon
  • possible - capable of happening or existing; existing in possibility: capable of being imagined; something that can be done; an applicant who might be suitable
  • possible - capable of happening or existing; existing in possibility: capable of being imagined; something that can be done; an applicant who might be suitable
  • postganglionic - beyond or distal to a ganglion (referring especially to the unmyelinated fibers that originate from cells in autonomic ganglia)
  • postgraduate - of or relating to studies beyond a bachelor's degree: a student who continues studies after graduation
  • posthitis - inflammation of the foreskin of the penis; usually caused by bacterial infection
  • posthumous - occurring or coming into existence after a person's death
  • postmenopausal - subsequent to menopause
  • postnatal - occurring immediately after birth
  • postoperative - happening or done after a surgical operation
  • postoperatively - after the operation
  • postpartum - occurring immediately after birth
  • postural - of or relating to or involving posture
  • potent - having a strong physiological or chemical effect; (of a male) capable of copulation; having or wielding force or authority; having great influence
  • potentially - with a possibility of becoming actual
  • potentiate - increase the effect of or act synergistically with (a drug or a physiological or biochemical phenomenon)
  • pouring - flowing profusely
  • powdered - consisting of fine particles
  • powdery - as if dulled in color with a sprinkling of powder; consisting of fine particles
  • poxvirus - any of a group of viruses that can cause pox diseases in vertebrates
  • practise - learn by repetition; engage in a rehearsal (of); carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
  • practised - skillful after much practice
  • practitioner - someone who practices a learned profession
  • prague - the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic in the western part of the country; a cultural and commercial center since the 14th century
  • pravastatin - an oral drug (trade name Pravachol) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after nonfatal heart attacks
  • prazosin - antihypertensive drug (trade name Minipress)
  • prearranged - planned beforehand
  • precancerous - of or relating to a growth that is not malignant but is likely to become so if not treated
  • precede - furnish with a preface or introduction; move ahead (of others) in time or space; be the predecessor of; come before; be earlier in time; go back further
  • preceding - existing or coming before; preceding in time or order; of a person who has held and relinquished a position or office
  • preceptor - teacher at a university or college (especially at Cambridge or Oxford)
  • preceptorship - the position of preceptor
  • precious - of high worth or cost; obviously contrived to charm: characterized by feeling or showing fond affection for; extremely
  • precipitating - bringing on suddenly or abruptly
  • precipitin - an antibody that causes precipitation when it unites with its antigen
  • precisely - indicating exactness or preciseness; in a precise manner; just as it should be
  • preclinical - of or relating to the early phases of a disease when accurate diagnosis is not possible because symptoms of the disease have not yet appeared
  • precocious - appearing or developing early; characterized by or characteristic of exceptionally early development or maturity (especially in mental aptitude)
  • precocity - intelligence achieved far ahead of normal developmental schedules
  • precordial - in front of the heart; involving the precordium
  • precordium - the external surface of the body overlying the heart and stomach
  • predict - make a prediction about; tell in advance; indicate by signs
  • prediction - the act of predicting (as by reasoning about the future): a statement made about the future
  • predictive - of or relating to prediction; having value for making predictions
  • predigest - digest (food) beforehand
  • predigested - artificially partially digested as by enzymatic action
  • predisposed - made susceptible
  • prednisolone - a glucocorticoid (trade names Pediapred or Prelone) used to treat inflammatory conditions
  • predominance - the state of being predominant over others; the quality of being more noticeable than anything else
  • predominant - having superior power and influence; most frequent or common
  • preemie - an infant that is born prior to 37 weeks of gestation
  • preface - a short introductory essay preceding the text of a book: furnish with a preface or introduction
  • preferred - more desirable than another; preferred above all others and treated with partiality
  • prefix - an affix that is added in front of the word; attach a prefix to
  • prefrontal - anterior to a frontal structure
  • pregnancy - the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
  • pregnant - carrying developing offspring within the body or being about to produce new life; filled with or attended with; rich in significance or implication
  • prejudice - a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation; influence (somebody's) opinion in advance: disadvantage by prejudice
  • premature - uncommonly early or before the expected time; born after a gestation period of less than the normal time; too soon or too hasty
  • prematurely - too soon; in a premature manner; (of childbirth) before the end of the normal period of gestation
  • prematurity - the state of being premature
  • premedical - preceding and preparing for the study of medicine: preparing for the study of medicine
  • premenopausal - prior to menopause
  • premenstrual - of or relating to or occurring during the period just before menstruation
  • premises - land and the buildings on it
  • premolar - a tooth having two cusps or points; located between the incisors and the molars
  • prenatal - occurring or existing before birth
  • preoperative - happening or done before and in preparation for a surgical operation
  • prep - preparatory school work done outside school (especially at home)
  • prepared - equipped or prepared with necessary intellectual resources; made ready or fit or suitable beforehand; having made preparations
  • prepubertal - (especially of human beings) at the age immediately before puberty; often marked by accelerated growth
  • prepuberty - a period of two years immediately prior to the onset of puberty when growth and changes leading to sexual maturity occur
  • prepubescent - (especially of human beings) at the age immediately before puberty; often marked by accelerated growth
  • prepuce - a fold of skin covering the tip of the penis; a fold of skin covering the tip of the clitoris
  • presbyopia - farsightedness resulting from a reduced ability to focus caused by loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens with age
  • prescribe - issue commands or orders for
  • presented - given formally or officially
  • preserved - kept intact or in a particular condition; prevented from decaying or spoiling and prepared for future use
  • preserving - saving from harm or loss
  • preset - set in advance
  • pressed - compacted by ironing
  • pressing - compelling immediate action; a metal or plastic part that is made by a mechanical press; the act of pressing; the exertion of pressure
  • pretending - the act of giving a false appearance
  • prevalent - encountered generally especially at the present time
  • prevent - prevent from doing something or being in a certain state: keep from happening or arising; make impossible
  • prevention - the act of preventing
  • previous - just preceding something else in time or order; too soon or too hasty; (used especially of persons) of the immediate past
  • previously - at an earlier time or formerly
  • priapism - condition in which the penis is continually erect; usually painful and seldom with sexual arousal
  • pricking - the act of puncturing with a small point
  • prickling - causing or experiencing a painful shivering feeling as from many tiny pricks; a somatic sensation as from many tiny prickles
  • prickly - having or covered with protective barbs or quills or spines or thorns or setae etc.; very irritable
  • primaquine - synthetic antimalarial drug
  • primarily - of primary import; for the most part
  • primed - (usually followed by `to' or `for') on the point of or strongly disposed
  • primigravida - (obstetrics) a woman who is pregnant for the first time
  • primipara - (obstetrics) woman who has been delivered of a child for the first time
  • primordial - having existed from the beginning; in an earliest or original stage or state
  • printed - written in print characters or produced by means of e.g. a printing press
  • priority - preceding in time; status established in order of importance or urgency
  • prisoner - a person who is confined; especially a prisoner of war
  • privately - kept private or confined to those intimately concerned; by a private person or interest
  • privates - external sex organ
  • pro - in favor of (an action or proposal etc.); favoring a proposition, opinion, etc.; an argument in favor of a proposal; an athlete who plays for pay
  • probable - apparently destined; likely but not certain to be or become true or real; an applicant likely to be chosen
  • probably - with considerable certainty; without much doubt; easy to believe on the basis of available evidence
  • probing - diligent and thorough in inquiry or investigation
  • problem - a question raised for consideration or solution; a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved; a source of difficulty
  • processing - preparing or putting through a prescribed procedure
  • prochlorperazine - antipsychotic and antiemetic drug used to treat schizophrenia and to combat nausea and vomiting
  • proctalgia - pain in the rectum
  • proctitis - inflammation of the rectum; marked by bloody stools and a frequent urge to defecate; frequently associated with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
  • proctocele - protrusion or herniation of the rectum into the vagina; can occur if pelvic muscles are weakened by childbirth
  • proctologist - a doctor specializing in diseases of the rectum and anus
  • proctology - the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the colon or rectum or anus
  • proctoscope - an endoscope for examining the rectum
  • proctoscopy - visual examination of the rectum and the end of the colon by means of a proctoscope
  • prodroma - an early symptom that a disease is developing or that an attack is about to occur
  • prodromal - symptomatic of the onset of an attack or a disease
  • prodrome - an early symptom that a disease is developing or that an attack is about to occur
  • produced - that is caused by
  • professor - someone who is a member of the faculty at a college or university
  • profuse - produced or growing in extreme abundance
  • progeny - the immediate descendants of a person
  • progeria - a rare abnormality marked by premature aging (grey hair and wrinkled skin and stooped posture) in a child
  • progesterone - a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo-Lutin) produced in the ovary; prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy
  • progestogen - any of a group of steroid hormones that have the effect of progesterone
  • prognathic - having a projecting lower jaw
  • prognathism - the condition of being prognathous; the condition of having a projecting jaw
  • prognosis - a prediction of the course of a disease; a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
  • prognostic - of or relating to prediction; having value for making predictions; a sign of something about to happen
  • progression - a series with a definite pattern of advance; the act of moving forward toward a goal; a movement forward
  • progressively - advancing in amount or intensity
  • prohibited - forbidden by law; excluded from use or mention
  • projected - planned for the future; extending out above or beyond a surface or boundary
  • projecting - extending out above or beyond a surface or boundary
  • prolactin - gonadotropic hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary; in females it stimulates growth of the mammary glands and lactation after parturition
  • prolapse - the slipping or falling out of place of an organ (as the uterus); slip or fall out of place, as of body parts
  • proliferate - cause to grow or increase rapidly; grow rapidly
  • proliferation - growth by the rapid multiplication of parts; a rapid increase in number (especially a rapid increase in the number of deadly weapons)
  • proline - an amino acid that is found in many proteins (especially collagen)
  • prolong - lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer; lengthen or extend in duration or space
  • prolonged - (of illness) developing slowly or of long duration; drawn out or made longer spatially; relatively long in duration; tediously protracted
  • promethazine - antihistamine (trade name Phenergan) used to treat allergies; also an antiemetic used to treat motion sickness
  • prominent - conspicuous in position or importance; having a quality that thrusts itself into attention
  • promontory - a natural elevation (especially a rocky one that juts out into the sea)
  • pronate - turn the forearm or the hand so that the palm is directed downwards
  • pronation - rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downward
  • pronator - a muscle that produces or assists in pronation
  • prone - lying face downward; having a tendency (to); often used in combination
  • pronounce - pronounce judgment on; speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way
  • pronounced - produced by the organs of speech; strongly marked; easily noticeable
  • pronunciation - the way a word or a language is customarily spoken; the manner in which someone utters a word
  • properly - in the right manner; with reason or justice
  • prophase - the first stage of mitosis; the first stage of meiosis
  • prophylaxis - the prevention of disease
  • proposed - planned for the future
  • proprioception - the ability to sense the position and location and orientation and movement of the body and its parts
  • proprioceptive - of or relating to proprioception
  • proprioceptor - special nerve endings in the muscles and tendons and other organs that respond to stimuli regarding the position and movement of the body
  • prospective - anticipated for the near future; concerned with or related to the future
  • prosper - grow stronger; gain in wealth
  • prostatectomy - surgical removal of part or all of the prostate gland
  • prostatic - relating to the prostate gland
  • prostatitis - inflammation of the prostate gland characterized by perineal pain and irregular urination and (if severe) chills and fever
  • prosthesis - corrective consisting of a replacement for a part of the body
  • prosthetic - relating to or serving as a prosthesis; of or relating to prosthetics
  • prosthetics - the branch of medicine dealing with the production and use of artificial body parts
  • prosthetist - an expert in prosthetics
  • prosthodontics - the branch of dentistry dealing with the replacement of teeth and related mouth or jaw structures by artificial devices
  • protanopia - dichromacy characterized by lowered sensitivity to long wavelengths of light resulting in an inability to distinguish red and purplish blue
  • protease - any enzyme that catalyzes the splitting of proteins into smaller peptide fractions and amino acids by a process known as proteolysis
  • protect - shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage; use tariffs to favor domestic industry
  • protected - guarded from injury or destruction; kept safe or defended from danger or injury or loss
  • protecting - shielding (or designed to shield) against harm or discomfort
  • protective - (usually followed by `of') solicitously caring or mindful: intended or adapted to afford protection of some kind; showing a care
  • proteinuria - the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder
  • proteolysis - the hydrolysis of proteins into peptides and amino acids by cleavage of their peptide bonds
  • proteolytic - of or relating to proteolysis
  • proteus - type genus of the Proteidae; (Greek mythology) a prophetic god who served Poseidon; was capable of changing his shape at will
  • prothrombin - a protein in blood plasma that is the inactive precursor of thrombin
  • proto - indicating the first or earliest or original
  • proton - a stable particle with positive charge equal to the negative charge of an electron
  • protoplasm - the substance of a living cell (including cytoplasm and nucleus)
  • protozoa - in some classifications considered a superphylum or a subkingdom; comprises flagellates; ciliates; sporozoans; amoebas; foraminifers
  • protozoan - of or relating to the Protozoa; any of diverse minute acellular or unicellular organisms usually nonphotosynthetic
  • protozoon - any of diverse minute acellular or unicellular organisms usually nonphotosynthetic
  • protract - lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer
  • protractor - drafting instrument used to draw or measure angles
  • protrude - swell or protrude outwards; bulge outward; extend out or project in space
  • protruding - extending out above or beyond a surface or boundary
  • protuberance - the condition of being protuberant; the condition of bulging out; something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings
  • proved - established beyond doubt
  • provera - a progestin compound (trade name Provera) used to treat menstrual disorders
  • provider - someone who provides the means for subsistence: someone whose business is to supply a particular service or commodity
  • province - the proper sphere or extent of your activities; the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation
  • provisional - under terms not final or fully worked out or agreed upon
  • provisionally - temporarily and conditionally
  • provitamin - vitamin precursor; a substance that is converted into a vitamin in animal tissues
  • provoke - provide the needed stimulus for; evoke or provoke to appear or occur; call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses): annoy continually or chronically
  • provoked - incited, especially deliberately, to anger
  • provoking - causing or tending to cause anger or resentment
  • proximal - situated nearest to point of attachment or origin
  • prozac - a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Prozac)
  • prurigo - chronic inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by blister capped papules and intense itching
  • pruritus - an intense itching sensation that can have various causes (as by allergies or infection or lymphoma or jaundice etc.)
  • prussian - of or relating to or characteristic of Prussia or its inhabitants; a German inhabitant of Prussia
  • ps - a note appended to a letter after the signature
  • pseud - a person who makes deceitful pretenses
  • pseudo - (often used in combination) not genuine but having the appearance of; a person who makes deceitful pretenses
  • pseudocyesis - physiological state in which a woman exhibits symptoms of pregnancy but is not pregnant
  • pseudohermaphroditism - congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
  • pseudomonad - bacteria usually producing greenish fluorescent water-soluble pigment; some pathogenic for plants and animals
  • psi - the 23rd letter of the Greek alphabet; a unit of pressure
  • psilosis - falling out of hair
  • psittacosis - an atypical pneumonia caused by a rickettsia microorganism and transmitted to humans from infected birds: infectious disease of birds
  • psoas - either of two muscles of the abdomen and pelvis that flex the trunk and rotate the thigh
  • psychiatric - relating to or used in or engaged in the practice of psychiatry
  • psychiatrist - a physician who specializes in psychiatry
  • psychiatry - the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
  • psychical - outside the sphere of physical science; affecting or influenced by the human mind
  • psycho - a person afflicted with psychosis
  • psychoanalysis - a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
  • psychoanalyst - a licensed practitioner of psychoanalysis
  • psychogenetic - of or relating to the origin and development of the mind; of or relating to the psychological cause of a disorder
  • psychogenic - mental or emotional rather than physiological in origin; of or relating to the psychological cause of a disorder
  • psychological - mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature; of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • psychologically - with regard to psychology; in terms of psychology
  • psychologist - a scientist trained in psychology
  • psychology - the science of mental life
  • psychometrics - any branch of psychology concerned with psychological measurements
  • psychomotor - of or relating to or characterizing mental events that have motor consequences or vice versa
  • psychoneurosis - a mental or personality disturbance not attributable to any known neurological or organic dysfunction
  • psychopathic - suffering from an undiagnosed mental disorder
  • psychopathological - suffering from an undiagnosed mental disorder
  • psychopathology - the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders; the branch of psychology concerned with abnormal behavior
  • psychopharmacology - the study of drugs that affect the mind
  • psychophysiology - the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes
  • psychosexual - of or relating to the mental or emotional attitudes about sexuality
  • psychosis - any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
  • psychosis - any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
  • psychosomatic - used of illness or symptoms resulting from neurosis
  • psychosurgery - brain surgery on human patients intended to relieve severe and otherwise intractable mental or behavioral problems
  • psychotherapeutic - of or relating to or practicing psychotherapy: emotionally purging
  • psychotherapist - a therapist who deals with mental and emotional disorders
  • psychotherapy - the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means; the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  • psychotic - characteristic of or suffering from psychosis; a person afflicted with psychosis
  • psychotropic - affecting the mind or mood or other mental processes
  • pt - a heavy precious metallic element; grey-white and resistant to corroding; occurs in some nickel and copper ores and is also found native in some deposits
  • pterion - the craniometric point in the region of the sphenoid fontanelle
  • ptosis - drooping of the upper eyelid caused by muscle paralysis and weakness
  • ptyalin - an amylase secreted in saliva
  • ptyalism - excessive flow of saliva
  • ptyalith - calculus in a salivary gland
  • pubertal - of or related to puberty
  • puberty - the time of life when sex glands become functional
  • pubes - the lower part of the abdomen just above the external genital organs
  • pubic - relating or near the pubis
  • pubis - one of the three sections of the hipbone; together these two bones form the front of the pelvis
  • published - prepared and printed for distribution and sale; formally made public
  • publishing - the business of issuing printed matter for sale or distribution
  • pudendal - of or relating to or near the pudendum
  • pudendum - human external genital organs collectively especially of a female
  • puerpera - a woman in childbirth or shortly thereafter
  • puerperal - relating to or connected with or occurring at the time of childbirth or shortly following, or to the woman who has just given birth
  • puerperium - time period following childbirth when the mother's uterus shrinks and the other functional and anatomic changes of pregnancy are resolved
  • puke - a person who is deemed to be despicable or contemptible: the matter ejected in vomiting; eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • pulex - type genus of the Pulicidae
  • pulled - drawn toward the source of the force
  • pulling - the act of pulling; applying force to move something toward or with you
  • pulmonary - relating to or affecting the lungs
  • pulpy - like a pulp or overripe; not having stiffness
  • pulsating - expanding and contracting rhythmically as to the beating of the heart
  • pulseless - appearing dead; not breathing or having no perceptible pulse
  • pumped - tense with excitement and enthusiasm as from a rush of adrenaline
  • punctum - (anatomy) a point or small area
  • punctured - having a hole cut through
  • punishment - the act of punishing
  • pupillary - of or relating to the pupil of the eye
  • purchaser - a person who buys
  • purgative - strongly laxative; a purging medicine; stimulates evacuation of the bowels
  • purified - made pure
  • purifying - freeing from noxious matter; acting like an antiseptic: serving to purge or rid of sin
  • purkinje - Bohemian physiologist remembered for his discovery of Purkinje cells and the Purkinje network (1787-1869)
  • purplish - of a color intermediate between red and blue
  • purpura - any of several blood diseases causing subcutaneous bleeding
  • purulent - "a purulent wound"
  • pus - a fluid product of inflammation; the tenth month of the Hindu calendar
  • pushing - marked by aggressive ambition and energy and initiative: the act of applying force in order to move something away
  • pustulate - (of complexion) blemished by imperfections of the skin
  • pustule - a small inflamed elevation of skin containing pus; a blister filled with pus
  • putrefy - become putrid; decay with an offensive smell
  • putting - hitting a golf ball that is on the green using a putter
  • pyaemia - septicemia caused by pus-forming bacteria being released from an abscess
  • pyelitis - inflammation of the renal pelvis
  • pyelogram - an X ray of the kidneys and ureters
  • pyelography - roentgenography of the kidney and ureters (usually after injection with a radiopaque dye)
  • pyelonephritis - inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis caused by bacterial infection
  • pyemia - septicemia caused by pus-forming bacteria being released from an abscess
  • pyle - United States writer and illustrator of children's books (1853-1911)
  • pyloric - relating to or near the pylorus
  • pylorus - a small circular opening between the stomach and the duodenum
  • pyogenic - producing pus
  • pyorrhea - chronic periodontitis; purulent inflammation of the teeth sockets; discharge of pus
  • pyorrhoea - chronic periodontitis; purulent inflammation of the teeth sockets; discharge of pus
  • pyramidal - resembling a pyramid
  • pyretic - causing fever
  • pyrexia - a rise in the temperature of the body; frequently a symptom of infection
  • pyridoxine - a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch
  • pyrimidine - a heterocyclic organic compound with a penetrating odor; any of several basic compounds derived from pyrimidine
  • pyrogen - any substance that can cause a rise in body temperature: any substance characterized by its great flammability
  • pyrogenic - produced by or producing fever; produced under conditions involving intense heat
  • pyromania - an uncontrollable desire to set fire to things
  • pyrophobia - a morbid fear of fire
  • pyuria - presence of white blood cells in the urine; symptom of urinary tract infection
  • quadrantanopia - blindness in one fourth of the visual field
  • quadrate - having four sides and four angles; a square-shaped object; a cubelike object
  • quadriceps - a muscle of the thigh that extends the leg
  • quadriplegia - paralysis of both arms and both legs
  • quadriplegic - a person who is paralyzed in both arms and both legs
  • quadruplet - one of four children born at the same time from the same pregnancy; a set of four similar things considered as a unit
  • qualifying - success in satisfying a test or requirement; the grammatical relation that exists when a word qualifies the meaning of the phrase
  • qualitative - involving distinctions based on qualities; relating to or involving comparisons based on qualities
  • quarantined - under forced isolation especially for health reasons
  • quartan - occurring every fourth day (especially the fever and weakness of malaria); a malarial fever that recurs every fourth day
  • quarters - housing available for people to live in
  • queasiness - a mild state of nausea; inability to rest or relax or be still
  • queasy - causing or fraught with or showing anxiety; feeling nausea; feeling about to vomit; causing or able to cause nausea
  • questioning - perplexed (as if being expected to know something that you do not know); showing curiosity; marked by or given to doubt; a request for information
  • quickly - with rapid movements; with little or no delay; without taking pains
  • quiescent - causing no symptoms; being quiet or still or inactive: not active or activated; marked by a state of tranquil repose
  • quin - one of five children born at the same time from the same pregnancy
  • quinine - a bitter alkaloid extracted from chinchona bark; used in malaria therapy
  • quinsy - a painful pus filled inflammation of the tonsils and surrounding tissues; usually a complication of tonsillitis
  • quint - one of five children born at the same time from the same pregnancy
  • quintuplet - one of five children born at the same time from the same pregnancy; a set of five similar things considered as a unit
  • quotidian - found in the ordinary course of events
  • quotient - the number obtained by division; the ratio of two quantities to be divided
  • rabid - of or infected by rabies; marked by excessive enthusiasm for and intense devotion to a cause or idea
  • racemose - having stalked flowers along an elongated stem that continue to open in succession from below as the stem continues to grow
  • rachis - axis of a compound leaf or compound inflorescence; the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord
  • rachitic - affected with, suffering from, or characteristic of rickets
  • racially - with respect to race
  • radiant - radiating or as if radiating light
  • radiating - diverging from a common point
  • radicle - (anatomy) a small structure resembling a rootlet (such as a fibril of a nerve)
  • radiculitis - inflammation of the radicle of a nerve
  • radioactive - exhibiting or caused by radioactivity
  • radioactivity - the spontaneous emission of a stream of particles or electromagnetic rays in nuclear decay
  • radiobiology - the branch of biology that studies the effects of radiation on living organisms
  • radiograph - a photographic image produced on a radiosensitive surface by radiation other than visible light (especially by X-rays or gamma rays)
  • radiographer - a person who makes radiographs
  • radiographic - relating to or produced by radiography
  • radioimmunoassay - immunoassay of a substance that has been radioactively labeled
  • radioisotope - a radioactive isotope of an element; produced either naturally or artificially
  • radiologist - a medical specialist who uses radioactive substances and X-rays in the treatment of disease
  • radiopaque - not transparent to X-rays or other forms of radiation
  • radiopharmaceutical - pharmaceutical consisting of a radioactive compound used in radiation therapy
  • radioscopy - (radiology) examination of the inner structure of opaque objects using X rays or other penetrating radiation
  • radiosensitive - sensitive to radiation
  • radiosensitivity - sensitivity to the action of radiant energy
  • radiotherapist - a medical specialist who uses radioactive substances and X-rays in the treatment of disease
  • radiotherapy - (medicine) the treatment of disease (especially cancer) by exposure to a radioactive substance
  • radium - an intensely radioactive metallic element that occurs in minute amounts in uranium ores
  • radix - (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place
  • rale - a rapid series of short loud sounds (as might be heard with a stethoscope in some types of respiratory disorders)
  • ramus - the posterior part of the mandible that is more or less vertical
  • randomised - set up or distributed in a deliberately random way
  • randomized - set up or distributed in a deliberately random way
  • randomly - in a random manner
  • ranging - wandering freely
  • ranitidine - a histamine blocker and antacid (trade name Zantac) used to treat peptic ulcers and gastritis and esophageal reflux
  • ranula - a cyst on the underside of the tongue
  • raphe - a ridge that forms a seam between two parts
  • rapidity - a rate that is rapid
  • rapidly - with rapid movements
  • rapport - a relationship of mutual understanding or trust and agreement between people
  • rarefaction - a decrease in the density of something
  • rarefy - weaken the consistency of (a chemical substance); make more subtle or refined; lessen the density or solidity of
  • rarely - not often
  • rates - a local tax on property (usually used in the plural)
  • rather - to some (great or small) extent; on the contrary; to a degree (not used with a negative); more readily or willingly
  • ratio - the relative magnitudes of two quantities (usually expressed as a quotient)
  • rationally - in a rational manner
  • razor - edge tool used in shaving; shave with a razor
  • rb - a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali metal group; burns in air and reacts violently in water; occurs in carnallite and lepidolite and pollucite
  • rbc - a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the bodily tissues; a biconcave disc that has no nucleus
  • reabsorb - undergo resorption
  • reabsorption - the organic process in which the substance of some differentiated structure that has been produced by the body undergoes lysis and assimilation
  • reaching - accomplishment of an objective; the act of physically reaching or thrusting out
  • reactionary - extremely conservative; an extreme conservative; an opponent of progress or liberalism
  • reactivate - activate (an old file) anew
  • reactive - participating readily in reactions; tending to react to a stimulus
  • readily - without much difficulty; in a punctual manner
  • reagent - a chemical agent for use in chemical reactions
  • reappear - appear again
  • reappearance - the act of someone appearing again; the event of something appearing again
  • reasoned - logically valid; resulting from careful thought
  • reasoning - endowed with the capacity to reason; thinking that is coherent and logical
  • reassignment - assignment to a different duty
  • reassurance - the act of reassuring; restoring someone's confidence
  • reassure - give or restore confidence in; cause to feel sure or certain; cause to feel sure; give reassurance to
  • reassured - having confidence restored; freed from anxiety
  • reassuring - restoring confidence and relieving anxiety
  • rebuild - build again
  • rebuilding - building again
  • recalcitrant - marked by stubborn resistance to authority; stubbornly resistant to authority or control
  • received - widely accepted as true or worthy; conforming to the established language usage of educated native speakers
  • recently - in the recent past; very recently
  • recipe - directions for making something
  • recipient - a person who gets something; the semantic role of the animate entity that is passively involved in the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • recognised - generally approved or compelling recognition: provided with a secure reputation
  • recognised - generally approved or compelling recognition: provided with a secure reputation
  • recommend - make attractive or acceptable; push for something: express a good opinion of
  • recommended - mentioned as worthy of acceptance
  • reconstructive - helping to restore to good condition
  • recovered - found after being lost; freed from illness or injury
  • recovering - returning to health after illness or debility
  • recreational - of or relating to recreation; engaged in as a pastime
  • recrudescence - a return of something after a period of abatement
  • recrudescent - the revival of an unfortunate situation after a period of abatement
  • rectal - of or involving the rectum
  • rectangular - having four right angles; having a set of mutually perpendicular axes; meeting at right angles
  • recto - right-hand page
  • rectocele - protrusion or herniation of the rectum into the vagina; can occur if pelvic muscles are weakened by childbirth
  • rector - a person authorized to conduct religious worship
  • rectosigmoid - of or related to or near the sigmoid colon and the upper part of the rectum
  • rectum - the terminal section of the alimentary canal; from the sigmoid flexure to the anus
  • rectum - the terminal section of the alimentary canal; from the sigmoid flexure to the anus
  • rectus - any of various straight muscles
  • recumbent - lying down; in a position of comfort or rest
  • recuperate - get over an illness or shock; restore to good health or strength; regain a former condition after a financial loss; regain or make up for
  • recuperation - gradual healing (through rest) after sickness or injury
  • recur - happen or occur again; return in thought or speech to something; have recourse to
  • recurrence - happening again (especially at regular intervals)
  • recurrent - recurring again and again
  • recurring - coming back
  • recyclable - capable of being used again
  • reddened - lighted with red light as if with flames; (especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion
  • reddish - of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies
  • redefine - give a new or different definition of (a word); give a new or different definition to
  • redirect - channel into a new direction
  • redistribute - distribute anew
  • redress - act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil; a sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury; make reparations or amends for
  • reduced - well below normal (especially in price); made less in size or amount or degree
  • reducible - capable of being reduced
  • ref - (sports) the chief official (as in boxing or American football) who is expected to ensure fair play
  • reflected - (especially of incident sound or light) bent or sent back
  • reflecting - causing reflection or having a device that reflects
  • reflective - devoted to matters of the mind; capable of physically reflecting light or sound; persistently or morbidly thoughtful
  • reflex - without volition or conscious control; an automatic instinctive unlearned reaction to a stimulus
  • reflux - an abnormal backward flow of body fluids; the outward flow of the tide
  • refract - determine the refracting power of (a lens); subject to refraction
  • refraction - the change in direction of a propagating wave (light or sound) when passing from one medium to another; the amount by which a propagating wave is bent
  • refractive - of or relating to or capable of refraction; capable of changing the direction (of a light or sound wave)
  • refractometer - measuring instrument for measuring the refractive index of a substance
  • refracture - break (a bone) that was previously broken but mended in an abnormal way
  • refrigerate - cool or chill in or as if in a refrigerator; preserve by chilling
  • refrigerated - made or kept cold by refrigeration
  • refrigeration - deliberately lowering the body's temperature for therapeutic purposes; the process of cooling or freezing (e.g., food) for preservative purposes
  • refrigerator - white goods in which food can be stored at low temperatures
  • refusal - a message refusing to accept something that is offered: the act of refusing
  • regain - get or find back; recover the use of; come upon after searching; find the location of something that was missed or lost
  • regaining - getting something back again
  • regimen - (medicine) a systematic plan for therapy (often including diet)
  • regional - related or limited to a particular region; characteristic of a region
  • regularity - the quality of being characterized by a fixed principle or rate; a property of polygons: the property of having equal sides and equal angles
  • regularly - in a regular manner; in a regular way without variation: having a regular form
  • regulated - controlled or governed according to rule or principle or law; marked by system or regularity or discipline
  • regulating - the act of controlling or directing according to rule
  • rehabilitate - help to readapt, as to a former state of health or good repute; restore to a state of good condition or operation; reinstall politically
  • reinforced - given added strength or support; (used of soaps or cleaning agents) having a substance (an abrasive or filler) added to increase effectiveness
  • reiter - German bacteriologist who described a disease now known as Reiter's syndrome and who identified the spirochete that causes syphilis in humans (1881-1969)
  • rejected - something or someone judged unacceptable; rebuffed (by a lover) without warning
  • relapse - a failure to maintain a higher state; go back to bad behavior; deteriorate in health
  • relapsing - a failure to maintain a higher state
  • relate - give an account of; have or establish a relationship to; be in a relationship with; make a logical or causal connection; have to do with or be relevant to
  • relations - mutual dealings or connections or communications among persons or groups
  • relatively - in a relative manner; by comparison to something else
  • relaxant - tending to relax or relieve muscular or nervous tension; a drug that relaxes and relieves tension
  • relaxed - made less tense or rigid; without strain or anxiety
  • relaxin - hormone secreted by the corpus luteum during the last days of pregnancy; relaxes the pelvic ligaments and prepares the uterus for labor
  • relaxing - affording or marked by rest or repose
  • released - set free as from prison or duty
  • releasing - emotionally purging (of e.g. art)
  • relevant - having a bearing on or connection with the subject at issue
  • reliable - worthy of reliance or trust; conforming to fact and therefore worthy of belief; worthy of being depended on
  • relieved - (of pain or sorrow) made easier to bear
  • religion - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; an institution to express belief in a divine power
  • reluctant - not eager; unwilling to become involved; unwillingness to do something contrary to your custom
  • remaining - not used up
  • remains - any object that is left unused or still extant; the dead body of a human being
  • remake - creation that is created again or anew; make new
  • remedial - tending or intended to rectify or improve; tending to cure or restore to health
  • remedy - a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain: act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil; provide relief for; set straight or right
  • remembering - the cognitive processes whereby past experience is remembered
  • remind - put in the mind of someone; assist (somebody acting or reciting) by suggesting the next words of something forgotten or imperfectly learned
  • remittent - (of a disease) characterized by periods of diminished severity
  • removable - capable of being removed or taken away or dismissed: able to be obliterated completely
  • removal - dismissal from office; the act of removing
  • removed - separated in relationship by a given degree of descent: separate or apart in time; taken out of or separated from
  • removed - separated in relationship by a given degree of descent: separate or apart in time; taken out of or separated from
  • renal - of or relating to the kidneys
  • renew - cause to appear in a new form; reestablish on a new, usually improved, basis or make new or like new
  • renewable - capable of being renewed; replaceable; that can be renewed or extended
  • renin - a proteolytic enzyme secreted by the kidneys; catalyzes the formation of angiotensin and thus affects blood pressure
  • rennin - an enzyme that occurs in gastric juice; causes milk to coagulate
  • reno - a city in western Nevada at the foot of the Sierra Nevada Mountains; known for gambling casinos and easy divorce and remarriage
  • reorganisation - the imposition of a new organization; organizing differently (often involving extensive and drastic changes)
  • reorientation - a fresh orientation; a changed set of attitudes and beliefs; the act of changing the direction in which something is oriented
  • reovirus - any of a group of non-arboviruses including the rotavirus causing infant enteritis
  • rep - a fabric with prominent rounded crosswise ribs; informal abbreviation of `representative'
  • repeated - recurring again and again
  • repeatedly - several time
  • repeating - the act of doing or performing again
  • repel - force or drive back; cause to move back by force or influence; be repellent to; cause aversion in; reject outright and bluntly; fill with distaste
  • repetition - the act of doing or performing again; the repeated use of the same word or word pattern as a rhetorical device; an event that repeats
  • repetitive - characterized by repetition; persistently continual
  • replacing - the act of furnishing an equivalent person or thing in the place of another
  • replant - plant again or anew
  • replicate - reproduce or make an exact copy of; make or do or perform again; bend or turn backward
  • reportable - meriting report; (of income) required by law to be reported
  • reported - made known or told about; especially presented in a formal account
  • reporting - the news as presented by reporters for newspapers or radio or television
  • represented - represented accurately or precisely
  • repress - put down by force or intimidation; put out of one's consciousness; conceal or hide
  • repressed - characterized by or showing the suppression of impulses or emotions
  • reproduce - have offspring or young; make a copy or equivalent of: recreate an idea, mood, atmosphere, etc. as by artistic means: repeat after memorization
  • reproductive - producing new life or offspring
  • requested - asked for
  • require - make someone do something; consider obligatory; request and expect; have need of; require as useful, just, or proper
  • required - required by rule; necessary for relief or supply
  • requirement - required activity; something that is required in advance; anything indispensable
  • res - a widely distributed system consisting of all the cells able to ingest bacteria or colloidal particles etc, except for certain white blood cells
  • rescued - delivered from danger
  • research - systematic investigation to establish facts; a search for knowledge; inquire into; attempt to find out in a systematically and scientific manner
  • resect - surgically remove a part of a structure or an organ
  • resection - surgical removal of part of a structure or organ
  • resemble - appear like; be similar or bear a likeness to
  • reserved - cool and formal in manner; marked by self-restraint and reticence; set aside for the use of a particular person or party
  • reserves - civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army
  • reset - device for resetting instruments or controls; set to zero; set anew; adjust again after an initial failure
  • residency - the position of physician who is receiving special training in a hospital (usually after completing an internship); the act of dwelling in a place
  • residential - used or designed for residence or limited to residences; of or relating to or connected with residence
  • resin - any of a class of solid or semisolid viscous substances obtained either as exudations from certain plants or prepared by polymerization of simple molecules
  • resolvent - a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
  • resolving - analysis into clear-cut components
  • resorption - the organic process in which the substance of some differentiated structure that has been produced by the body undergoes lysis and assimilation
  • respectively - in the order given
  • respiratory - pertaining to respiration
  • respond - respond favorably or as hoped; show a response or a reaction to something; reply or respond to
  • responsible - being the agent or cause; worthy of or requiring responsibility or trust; or held accountable; having an acceptable credit rating
  • restart - start an engine again, for example; take up or begin anew
  • restaurant - a building where people go to eat
  • restless - worried and uneasy; ceaselessly in motion; unable to relax or be still; not affording rest
  • restrict - place limits on (extent or access); place restrictions on: place under restrictions; limit access to; make more specific
  • restricting - restricting the scope or freedom of action
  • restrictive - (of tariff) protective of national interests by restricting imports; serving to restrict
  • resulting - following as an effect or result
  • resuscitate - cause to regain consciousness; return to consciousness
  • resuscitation - the act of reviving a person and returning them to consciousness
  • ret - place (flax, hemp, or jute) in liquid so as to promote loosening of the fibers form the woody tissue
  • retain - keep in one's mind; secure and keep for possible future use or application; allow to remain in a place or position; hold within
  • retained - continued in your keeping or use or memory
  • retarded - relatively slow in mental or emotional or physical development; people collectively who are mentally retarded
  • retch - an involuntary spasm of ineffectual vomiting; eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth; make an unsuccessful effort to vomit; strain to vomit
  • rete - a network of intersecting blood vessels or intersecting nerves or intersecting lymph vessels
  • retention - the act of retaining something; the power of retaining liquid; the power of retaining and recalling past experience
  • reticular - resembling or forming a network
  • reticulocyte - an immature red blood cell containing a network of filaments or granules
  • retina - the light-sensitive membrane covering the back wall of the eyeball; it is continuous with the optic nerve
  • retinal - in or relating to the retina of the eye; either of two yellow to red retinal pigments formed from rhodopsin by the action of light
  • retinitis - inflammation of the retina
  • retinoblastoma - malignant ocular tumor of retinal cells; usually occurs before the third year of life; composed of primitive small round retinal cells
  • retinol - an unsaturated alcohol that occurs in marine fish-liver oils and is synthesized biologically from carotene
  • retraction - the act of pulling or holding or drawing a part back; a disavowal or taking back of a previous assertion
  • retractor - surgical instrument that holds back the edges of a surgical incision
  • retro - affecting things past; a fashion reminiscent of the past
  • retrogression - returning to a former state; passing from a more complex to a simpler biological form
  • retrospection - memory for experiences that are past; reference to things past
  • retrospective - concerned with or related to the past; an exhibition of a representative selection of an artist's life work
  • retroversion - translation back into the original language; a turning or tilting backward of an organ or body part; returning to a former state
  • retrovirus - any of a group of viruses that contain two single-strand linear RNA molecules per virion and reverse transcriptase (RNA to DNA)
  • returning - tending to be turned back; tending to return to an earlier state
  • reuben - a hot sandwich with corned beef and Swiss cheese and sauerkraut on rye bread; (Old Testment) a son of Jacob and forefather of one of the tribes of Israel
  • reuptake - a process of using up or consuming again
  • revealed - no longer concealed; uncovered as by opening a curtain; `discovered' is archaic and primarily a theater term
  • revealing - disclosing unintentionally; showing or making known: the speech act of making something evident
  • revenge - action taken in return for an injury or offense; take revenge for a perceived wrong
  • revenue - the entire amount of income before any deductions are made; government income due to taxation
  • reversed - turned inside out and resewn; turned about in order or relation
  • reversibly - in a reversible manner
  • revised - improved or brought up to date; altered or revised by rephrasing or by adding or deleting material
  • revision - the act of revising or altering (involving reconsideration and modification); the act of rewriting something; something that has been written again
  • revived - restored to consciousness or life or vigor; given fresh life or vigor or spirit
  • reviving - tending to impart new life and vigor to
  • rhabdomyosarcoma - a highly malignant neoplasm derived from striated muscle
  • rhabdovirus - any of a group of arboviruses including those causing rabies
  • rhagades - cracks or fissures in the skin (especially around the mouth or anus)
  • rheometer - an instrument for measuring the flow of liquids (especially arterial blood)
  • rhesus - of southern Asia; used in medical research
  • rheumatic - of or pertaining to arthritis; a person suffering with rheumatism
  • rheumatoid - of or pertaining to arthritis
  • rheumatologist - a physician specializing in rheumatic diseases
  • rheumatology - the branch of medicine dealing with the study and treatment of pathologies of the muscles or tendons or joints
  • rhinal - of or in or relating to the nose
  • rhinencephalon - a center in the cerebral hemispheres that governs the sense of smell in lower animals; in humans it seems to mediate complex emotional behavior
  • rhinitis - an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose (usually associated with nasal discharge)
  • rhino - massive powerful herbivorous odd-toed ungulate of southeast Asia and Africa having very thick skin and one or two horns on the snout
  • rhinoplasty - cosmetic surgery to improve the appearance of your nose
  • rhinoscope - medical instrument consisting of a mirror mounted at an angle on a rod; used to examine the nasal passages (through the nasopharynx)
  • rhinoscopy - examination of the nasal passages (either through the anterior nares or with a rhinoscope through the nasopharynx)
  • rhinosporidiosis - fungal infection of the nose; often acquired while swimming
  • rhinovirus - any of a group of picornaviruses that are responsible for many upper respiratory infections
  • rhodopsin - a red photopigment in the retinal rods of vertebrates; dissociates into retinene by light
  • rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
  • rhonchus - a sound like whistling or snoring that is heard with a stethoscope during expiration as air passes through obstructed channels
  • rhythmic - recurring with measured regularity
  • rhythmically - in a rhythmic manner
  • ri - a state in New England; one of the original 13 colonies; the smallest state
  • ribavirin - an inhaled antiviral agent (trade name Virazole) that may be used to treat serious virus infections
  • riboflavin - a B vitamin that prevents skin lesions and weight loss
  • ribonuclease - a transferase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ribonucleic acid
  • ribose - a pentose sugar important as a component of ribonucleic acid
  • ricin - a toxic protein extracted from castor beans; used as a chemical reagent; can be used as a bioweapon
  • rick - a stack of hay; a painful muscle spasm especially in the neck or back (`rick' and `wrick' are British); pile in ricks; twist suddenly so as to sprain
  • rickets - childhood disease caused by deficiency of vitamin D and sunlight associated with impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus
  • rickettsial - relating to or caused by rickettsias
  • rid - relieve from
  • ridged - having a ridge or shaped like a ridge or the keel of a ship
  • rigidity - the physical property of being stiff and resisting bending: the quality of being rigid and rigorously severe
  • rigor - excessive sternness; something hard to endure; the quality of being logically valid
  • rile - make turbid by stirring up the sediments of; cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations
  • rima - a narrow elongated opening or fissure between two symmetrical parts
  • rings - gymnastic apparatus consisting of a pair of heavy metal circles (usually covered with leather) suspended by ropes; used for gymnastic exercises
  • ringworm - infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
  • risen - (of e.g. celestial bodies) above the horizon
  • rite - an established ceremony prescribed by a religion; any customary observance or practice
  • river - a large natural stream of water (larger than a creek)
  • robert - United States parliamentary authority and author (in 1876) of Robert's Rules of Order (1837-1923)
  • robertson - United States basketball guard (born in 1938)
  • robin - large American thrush having a rust-red breast and abdomen; small Old World songbird with a reddish breast
  • robotics - the area of AI concerned with the practical use of robots
  • rocky - full of hardship or trials; abounding in rocks or stones; liable to rock; causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements
  • rodent - relatively small gnawing animals having a single pair of constantly growing incisor teeth specialized for gnawing
  • roentgenogram - a radiogram made by exposing photographic film to X rays; used in medical diagnosis
  • rolled - uttered with a trill; rolled up and secured; especially of petals or leaves in bud; having margins rolled inward
  • romberg - United States composer (born in Hungary) who composed operettas (1887-1951)
  • rooms - apartment consisting of a series of connected rooms used as a living unit (as in a hotel)
  • rooting - the process of putting forth roots and beginning to grow
  • roots - the condition of belonging to a particular place or group by virtue of social or ethnic or cultural lineage
  • rorschach - a projective tests using bilaterally symmetrical inkblots; subjects state what they see in the inkblot
  • rosacea - a skin disease of adults (more often women) in which blood vessels of the face enlarge resulting in a flushed appearance
  • roseola - any red eruption of the skin
  • rotated - turned in a circle around an axis
  • rotavirus - the reovirus causing infant enteritis
  • roth - United States writer whose novels portray middle-class Jewish life (born in 1933)
  • rotted - damaged by decay; hence unsound and useless
  • rotten - having or disintegrated; usually implies foulness; very bad: damaged by decay; hence unsound and useless
  • rotting - (biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal action
  • rotunda - a large circular room; a building having a circular plan and a dome
  • roughage - coarse food high in fiber but low in nutrients; its bulk stimulates peristalsis
  • rouleau - a roll of coins wrapped in paper; a roll of ribbon
  • rounded - curving and somewhat round in shape rather than jagged; a chubby body
  • routinely - according to routine or established practice
  • ru - a rare polyvalent metallic element of the platinum group; it is found associated with platinum
  • rub - the act of rubbing or wiping; an unforeseen obstacle; move over something with pressure; cause friction; scrape or rub as if to relieve itching
  • rubbish - worthless material that is to be disposed of; nonsensical talk or writing; attack strongly
  • rubefacient - a medicine for external application that produces redness of the skin
  • rubella - a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days; can be damaging to a fetus during the first trimester
  • rubeola - an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash; occurs primarily in children
  • rubor - a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat
  • rudimentary - being in the earliest stages of development; not fully developed in mature animals; being or involving basic facts or principles
  • ruga - (anatomy) a fold or wrinkle or crease
  • rumbling - continuous full and low-pitched throbbing sound; a loud low dull continuous noise
  • rumination - regurgitation of small amounts of food; seen in some infants after feeding; (of ruminants) chewing (the cud); a calm lengthy intent consideration
  • rung - a crosspiece between the legs of a chair; one of the crosspieces that form the steps of a ladder
  • runny - characteristic of a fluid; capable of flowing and easily changing shape
  • rupert - English leader (born in Germany) of the Royalist forces during the English Civil War (1619-1682)
  • ruptured - suddenly and violently broken open especially from internal pressure (`busted' is an informal term for `burst')
  • rushed - done under pressure
  • rushing - the act of moving hurriedly and in a careless manner: (American football) an attempt to advance the ball by running into the line
  • sa - Nazi militia created by Hitler in 1921 that helped him to power but was eclipsed by the SS after 1943
  • saccharin - a crystalline substance 500 times sweeter than sugar; used as a calorie-free sweetener
  • saccharine - overly sweet
  • saccule - a small sac or pouch (especially the smaller chamber of the membranous labyrinth)
  • sacculus - a small sac or pouch (especially the smaller chamber of the membranous labyrinth)
  • sacral - of or relating to sacred rites; of or relating to or near the sacrum
  • sad - experiencing or showing sorrow or unhappiness; of things that make you feel sad; bad; unfortunate
  • sadism - sexual pleasure obtained by inflicting harm (physical or psychological) on others
  • sadist - someone who obtains pleasure from inflicting pain or others
  • sadistic - deriving pleasure or sexual gratification from inflicting pain on another
  • sadness - emotions experienced when not in a state of well-being: the state of being sad; the quality of excessive mournfulness and uncheerfulness
  • safely - with safety; in a safe manner
  • sagittal - located in a plane that is parallel to the central plane of the sagittal suture
  • said - being the one previously mentioned or spoken of
  • sales - income (at invoice values) received for goods and services over some given period of time
  • salicylate - a salt of salicylic acid (included in several commonly used drugs)
  • saline - containing salt; an isotonic solution of sodium chloride and distilled water
  • saliva - a clear liquid secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the mouth; moistens the mouth and starts the digestion of starches
  • salivary - of or relating to saliva
  • salivate - produce saliva; be envious, desirous, eager for, or extremely happy about something
  • salivation - the secretion of saliva
  • salk - United States virologist who developed the Salk vaccine that is injected against poliomyelitis (born 1914)
  • salmonella - rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; cause typhoid fever and food poisoning; can be used as a bioweapon
  • salmonellosis - a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
  • salpingectomy - surgical removal of one or both Fallopian tubes
  • salpingitis - inflammation of a Fallopian tube (usually the result of infection spreading from the vagina or uterus) or of a Eustachian tube
  • salpinx - a tube in the uterus or the ear
  • salty - containing or filled with salt; one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of sea water; engagingly stimulating or provocative
  • samuel - (Old Testament) Hebrew prophet and judge who anointed Saul as king
  • sanatorium - a hospital for recuperation or for the treatment of chronic diseases; pejorative terms for an insane asylum
  • sandfly - any of various small dipterous flies; bloodsucking females can transmit sandfly fever and leishmaniasis
  • sandwich - two (or more) slices of bread with a filling between them; insert or squeeze tightly between two people or objects; make into a sandwich
  • sanguineous - accompanied by bloodshed
  • sanies - a fluid product of inflammation
  • sanitary - free from filth and pathogens
  • sanitation - making something sanitary (free of germs) as by sterilizing; the state of being clean and conducive to health
  • sapphism - female homosexuality
  • sapraemia - blood poisoning caused by putrefactive bacteria; results from eating putrefied matter
  • saprophyte - an organism that feeds on dead organic matter especially a fungus or bacterium
  • saprophytic - (of some plants or fungi) feeding on dead or decaying organic matter; obtaining food osmotically from dissolved organic material
  • sarah - (Old Testament) the wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac
  • sarcoid - of or relating to or resembling flesh
  • sarcoidosis - a chronic disease of unknown cause marked by the formation of nodules in the lungs and liver and lymph glands and salivary glands
  • sarcolemma - an extensible membrane enclosing the contractile substance of a muscle fiber
  • sarcoma - a usually malignant tumor arising from connective tissue (bone or muscle etc.); one of the four major types of cancer
  • sarcomere - one of the segments into which a myofibril is divided
  • sarcoplasm - the cytoplasm of a striated muscle fiber
  • sarcoptes - type genus of the family Sarcoptidae: itch mites
  • sartorius - a muscle in the thigh that helps to rotate the leg into the sitting position assumed by a tailor; the longest muscle in the human body
  • sat - the seventh and last day of the week; observed as the Sabbath by Jews and some Christians
  • satisfactorily - in a satisfactory manner
  • satisfactory - meeting requirements; giving satisfaction
  • satisfied - filled with satisfaction; allayed
  • satisfy - make happy or satisfied; fulfil the requirements or expectations of; fill or meet a want or need
  • saturnism - toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system
  • satyriasis - abnormally intense sexual desire in men
  • savant - someone who has been admitted to membership in a scholarly field
  • saved - rescued; especially from the power and consequences of sin; guarded from injury or destruction
  • saying - a word or phrase that particular people use in particular situations
  • sb - a bachelor's degree in science; a metallic element having four allotropic forms; used in a wide variety of alloys; found in stibnite
  • sbe - the compass point that is one point east of due south
  • scabicide - a drug that destroys the itch mite that causes scabies
  • scabies - a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite; characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation
  • scalding - marked by harshly abusive criticism
  • scalene - of or relating to any of the scalene muscles; of a triangle having three sides of different lengths
  • scalenus - any of four pairs of muscles extending from the cervical vertebrae to the second rib; involved in moving the neck and in breathing
  • scaler - an electronic pulse counter used to count pulses that occur too rapidly to be recorded individually
  • scaling - ascent by or as if by a ladder; act of measuring or arranging or adjusting according to a scale; the act of arranging in a graduated series
  • scalp - the skin that covers the top of the head; remove the scalp of: sell illegally, as on the black market
  • scalpel - a thin straight surgical knife used in dissection and surgery
  • scaly - having the body covered or partially covered with thin horny plates, as some fish and reptiles; rough to the touch; covered with scales or scurf
  • scaphocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
  • scaphoid - shaped like a boat
  • scapula - either of two flat triangular bones one on each side of the shoulder in human beings
  • scapulohumeral - relating to the shoulder blade and upper arm bone
  • scar - a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue; an indication of damage; mark with a scar
  • scarlatina - an acute communicable disease (usually in children) characterized by fever and a red rash
  • scarred - deeply affected or marked by mental or physical pain or injury; blemished by injury or rough wear
  • scattered - occurring or distributed over widely spaced and irregular intervals in time or space; lacking orderly continuity
  • scd - an honorary degree in science
  • scented - (used in combination) having the odor of; having the sense of smell; having a natural fragrance; filled or impregnated with perfume
  • schilling - formerly the basic unit of money in Austria
  • schistosoma - type genus of the family Schistosomatidae: blood flukes
  • schistosome - flatworms parasitic in the blood vessels of mammals
  • schwann - German physiologist and histologist who in 1838 and 1839 identified the cell as the basic structure of plant and animal tissue (1810-1882)
  • sciatic - of or relating to the ischium (or the part of the hipbone containing it); relating to or caused by or afflicted with sciatica
  • sciatica - neuralgia along the sciatic nerve
  • science - a particular branch of scientific knowledge; ability to produce solutions in some problem domain
  • scientific - conforming with the principles or methods used in science; of or relating to the practice of science
  • scientist - a person with advanced knowledge of one or more sciences
  • scissor - cut with or as if with scissors
  • sclera - whitish fibrous membrane (albuginea) that with the cornea forms the outer covering of the eyeball
  • scleritis - inflammation of the sclera
  • sclerosis - any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue
  • sclerotic - of or relating to the sclera of the eyeball; relating to or having sclerosis; hardened
  • sclerotomy - surgical incision of the sclerotic coat of the eye
  • scoliosis - an abnormal lateral curve to the vertebral column
  • scopolamine - an alkaloid with anticholinergic effects that is used as a sedative and to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils in ophthalmic procedures
  • scorbutic - of or relating to or having or resembling scurvy
  • scorbutus - a condition caused by deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
  • scoring - evaluation of performance by assigning a grade or score
  • scotoma - an isolated area of diminished vision within the visual field
  • scraped - having surface damage
  • scrapie - a fatal disease of sheep characterized by chronic itching and loss of muscular control and progressive degeneration of the central nervous system
  • scratched - having surface damage
  • scratching - (of a pain) as if caused by scraping with nails or claws: a harsh noise made by scraping
  • scrip - a certificate whose value is recognized by the payer and payee; scrip is not currency but may be convertible into currency
  • scrofula - a form of tuberculosis characterized by swellings of the lymphatic glands
  • scrotal - relating to or having or lying within a scrotum
  • scrotum - the external pouch that contains the testes
  • scrubbed - made clean by scrubbing
  • scrubbing - the act of cleaning a surface by rubbing it with a brush and soap and water
  • scurf - (botany) a covering that resembles scales or bran that covers some plant parts; a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the skin
  • scurvy - of the most contemptible kind; a condition caused by deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
  • sd - a state in north central United States
  • sealing - the act of treating something to make it repel water
  • seasick - experiencing motion sickness
  • seasickness - motion sickness experienced while traveling on water
  • seasonal - occurring at or dependent on a particular season; a worker who finds employment only in certain seasons
  • seaweed - plant growing in the sea, especially marine algae
  • seb - a form of staphylococcal enterotoxin that has been used as an incapacitating agent in biological warfare
  • sebaceous - containing an unusual amount of grease or oil
  • seborrhea - a condition in which overactivity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily
  • sebum - the oily secretion of the sebaceous glands; with perspiration it moistens and protects the skin
  • secrete - generate and separate from cells or bodily fluids; place out of sight; keep secret
  • secretin - peptic hormone produced by the mucous lining of the small intestine; can stimulate secretion by the pancreas and liver
  • secretor - any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
  • secretory - of or relating to or producing a secretion
  • sedated - under the influence of a sedative drug
  • sedation - the administration of a sedative agent or drug; a state of reduced excitement or anxiety that is induced by the administrative of a sedative agent
  • sedative - tending to soothe or tranquilize; a drug that reduces excitability and calms a person
  • sedentary - requiring sitting or little activity
  • sediment - matter that has been deposited by some natural process; settle as sediment; deposit as a sediment
  • sedimentation - the phenomenon of sediment or gravel accumulating
  • seeing - having vision, not blind; normal use of the faculty of vision: perception by means of the eyes
  • seem - appear to one's own mind or opinion; appear to exist; give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect; seem to be true, probable, or apparent
  • seeming - appearing as such but not necessarily so
  • seep - pass gradually or leak through or as if through small openings
  • segmented - having the body divided into successive metameres or segments, as in earthworms or lobsters
  • select - selected or chosen for special qualifications; of superior grade; pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives
  • selected - chosen in preference to another
  • selective - tending to select; characterized by careful choice: characterized by very careful or fastidious selection
  • selector - a switch that is used to select among alternatives; a person who chooses or selects out
  • selling - the exchange of goods for an agreed sum of money
  • semen - the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract
  • semicircular - curved into a half circle
  • semicomatose - in a state of partial coma
  • semiconscious - partially conscious; not completely aware of sensations
  • semiliquid - somewhat liquid
  • semilunar - resembling the new moon in shape
  • seminal - pertaining to or containing or consisting of semen: containing seeds of later development
  • seminiferous - bearing or producing seed or semen
  • seminoma - malignant tumor of the testis; usually occurring in older men
  • semipermeable - (of a membrane) selectively permeable
  • sen - a fractional monetary unit of Japan and Indonesia and Cambodia; equal to one hundredth of a yen or rupiah or riel
  • sending - the act of causing something to go (especially messages)
  • senescence - the property characteristic of old age; the organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age
  • senescent - growing old
  • senile - mentally or physically infirm with age
  • senility - the state of being senile; mental infirmity as a consequence of old age; sometimes shown by foolish infatuations
  • senna - any of various plants of the genus Senna having pinnately compound leaves and showy usually yellow flowers; many are used medicinally
  • sens - street names for marijuana
  • sensed - detected by instinct or inference rather than by recognized perceptual cues
  • sensible - aware intuitively or intellectually of something sensed: readily perceived by the senses; able to feel or perceive; showing reason or sound judgment
  • sensibly - with good sense or in a reasonable or intelligent manner
  • sensing - becoming aware of something via the senses; the perception that something has occurred or some state exists
  • sensitised - having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor)
  • sensitising - making susceptible or sensitive to either physical or emotional stimuli; rendering an organism sensitive to a serum by a series of injections
  • sensitized - having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor)
  • sensitizing - making susceptible or sensitive to either physical or emotional stimuli; rendering an organism sensitive to a serum by a series of injections
  • sensorineural - of or relating to the neural process of sensation
  • sent - caused or enabled to go or be conveyed or transmitted; 100 senti equal 1 kroon in Estonia
  • sep - the month following August and preceding October
  • separately - apart from others
  • sepsis - the presence of pus-forming bacteria or their toxins in the blood or tissues
  • sept - people descended from a common ancestor; the month following August and preceding October
  • septal - of or relating to a septum
  • septate - of or relating to a septum
  • septic - containing or resulting from disease-causing organisms; of or relating to or caused by putrefaction
  • septicaemia - invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection
  • septicemia - invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection
  • septicemic - characteristic of septicemia
  • septum - (anatomy) a dividing partition between two tissues or cavities; a partition or wall especially in an ovary
  • sequela - any abnormality following or resulting from a disease or injury or treatment
  • serine - a sweetish crystalline amino acid involved in the synthesis by the body of cysteine
  • seriously - in a serious manner; to a severe or serious degree
  • serological - of or relating to serology
  • serologist - a medical scientist who specializes in serology
  • serology - the branch of medical science that deals with serums; especially with blood serums and disease
  • serosa - a thin membrane lining the closed cavities of the body; has two layers with a space between that is filled with serous fluid
  • serotonin - a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memory
  • serous - of or producing or containing serum
  • serpens - a constellation in the equatorial region of the northern hemisphere near Ophiuchus and Corona Borealis
  • serpentine - resembling a serpent in form
  • serrated - notched like a saw with teeth pointing toward the apex
  • serration - a single notch in a row of notches; a row of notches; the condition of being serrated
  • sertraline - a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Zoloft)
  • serum - watery fluid of the blood that resembles plasma but contains fibrinogen
  • services - performance of duties or provision of space and equipment helpful to others
  • serving - the act of delivering a writ or summons upon someone; an individual quantity of food or drink taken as part of a meal
  • sesamoid - any of several small round bones formed in a tendon where it passes over a joint
  • sessile - attached directly by the base; not having an intervening stalk; permanently attached to a substrate; not free to move about
  • sessions - United States composer who promoted 20th century music (1896-1985)
  • settling - a gradual sinking to a lower level
  • seven - being one more than six; the cardinal number that is the sum of six and one
  • seven - being one more than six; the cardinal number that is the sum of six and one
  • seventy - being ten more than sixty; the cardinal number that is the product of ten and seven
  • sever - set or keep apart; cut off from a whole
  • several - distinct and individual; (used with count nouns) of an indefinite number more than 2 or 3 but not many; considered individually
  • severed - detached by cutting
  • severely - to a severe or serious degree; causing great damage or hardship; with sternness; in a severe manner
  • severity - excessive sternness; extreme plainness; something hard to endure; used of the degree of something undesirable e.g. pain or weather
  • sew - fasten by sewing; do needlework; create (clothes) with cloth
  • sewage - waste matter carried away in sewers or drains
  • sewing - joining or attaching by stitches; needlework on which you are working with needle and thread
  • sewn - fastened with stitches
  • sexual - having or involving sex; of or relating to or characterized by sexuality; involved in a sexual relationship
  • sexuality - the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles
  • sexually - by sexual means; with respect to sexuality
  • shades - spectacles that are darkened or polarized to protect the eyes from the glare of the sun
  • shaken - disturbed psychologically as if by a physical jolt or shock
  • shaking - the act of causing something to move up and down (or back and forth) with quick movements; a shaky motion
  • shampoo - the act of washing your hair with shampoo; cleansing agent consisting of soaps or detergents used for washing the hair: use shampoo on (hair)
  • shaped - shaped to fit by or as if by altering the contours of a pliable mass (as by work or effort); having the shape of
  • shared - have in common; held or experienced in common: distributed in portions (often equal) on the basis of a plan or purpose
  • sharply - in a well delineated manner; changing suddenly in direction and degree; in an aggressive manner; very suddenly and to a great degree
  • shaved - having the beard or hair cut off close to the skin
  • shedding - the process whereby something is shed; loss of bits of outer skin by peeling or shedding or coming off in scales
  • shelf - a support that consists of a horizontal surface for holding objects; a projecting ridge on a mountain or submerged under water
  • sheltered - protected from danger or bad weather
  • shiatsu - treatment of symptoms by applying pressure with the fingers to specific pressure points on the body
  • shigella - rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; some are pathogenic for warm-blooded animals; can be used as a bioweapon
  • shigellosis - an acute infection of the intestine by shigella bacteria; characterized by diarrhea and fever and abdominal pains
  • shinbone - the inner and thicker of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle
  • shingles - eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
  • shiny - reflecting light; abounding with sunlight; having a shiny surface or coating; made smooth and bright by or as if by rubbing; reflecting a sheen or glow
  • ship - a vessel that carries passengers or freight; place on board a ship; travel by ship; hire for work on a ship; transport commercially: go on board
  • shirt - a garment worn on the upper half of the body; put a shirt on
  • shivery - cold enough to cause shivers; so scary as to cause chills and shudders
  • shocked - struck with fear, dread, or consternation
  • shocking - giving offense to moral sensibilities and injurious to reputation; glaringly vivid and graphic; marked by sensationalism
  • shoes - a particular situation
  • shook - a disassembled barrel; the parts packed for storage or shipment
  • shooting - the act of firing a projectile; killing someone by gunfire
  • shortage - the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required; an acute insufficiency
  • shortening - act of decreasing in length; fat such as butter or lard used in baked goods
  • shortsighted - lacking foresight or scope; not given careful consideration; unable to see distant objects clearly
  • showing - something shown to the public; the display of a motion picture
  • shrinking - the act of becoming less; process or result of becoming less or smaller
  • shrivel - wither, as with a loss of moisture; decrease in size, range, or extent
  • shuffling - walking with a slow dragging motion without lifting your feet; the act of mixing cards haphazardly
  • shut - not open; used especially of mouth or eyes; move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut; become closed: prevent from entering; shut out
  • shutter - a hinged blind for a window; a mechanical device on a camera that opens and closes to control the time of a photographic exposure; close with shutters
  • sial - the granitelike rocks that form the outermost layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and aluminum
  • sialadenitis - inflammation of the salivary glands
  • sialolith - a stone formed in the salivary gland
  • sib - one related by blood or origin; especially on sharing an ancestor with another; a person's brother or sister
  • sibling - a person's brother or sister
  • sichuan - a populous province of south central China
  • sickbay - (nautical) a room for the treatment of the sick or injured (as on a ship)
  • sickbed - the bed on which a sick person lies
  • sicken - get sick; make sick or ill; upset and make nauseated: cause aversion in; offend the moral sense of
  • sickening - causing or able to cause nausea
  • sickle - an edge tool for cutting grass or crops; has a curved blade and a short handle
  • sickly - unhealthy looking; somewhat ill or prone to illness
  • sickness - defectiveness or unsoundness; impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism; the state that precedes vomiting
  • sickroom - a room to which a sick person is confined
  • sideropenia - a deficiency of iron; results from inadequate iron in the diet or from hemorrhage
  • siderophilin - a globulin in blood plasma that carries iron
  • siderosis - fibrosis of the lung caused by iron dust; occurs among welders and other metal workers
  • sideways - (of movement) at an angle; toward one side; with one side forward or to the front; to, toward or at one side; from the side; obliquely
  • sids - sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant during sleep
  • sif - (Norse mythology) wife of Thor and guardian of the home
  • sighted - able to see
  • sigmoid - of or relating to the sigmoid flexure in the large intestine: curved in two directions (like the letter S)
  • sigmoidectomy - surgical removal of part or all of the sigmoid colon (usually to remove a malignant tumor)
  • sigmoidoscope - an endoscope (a flexible fiberoptic probe) for examining the sigmoid colon
  • sigmoidoscopy - visual examination (with a sigmoidoscope) of the lower third of the colon in a search for polyps
  • signed - having a handwritten signature; used of the language of the deaf
  • significantly - in a significant manner; in a statistically significant way; in an important way or to an important degree
  • sildenafil - virility drug (trade name Viagra) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • silently - without speaking
  • silicosis - a lung disease caused by inhaling particles of silica or quartz or slate
  • similarly - in like or similar manner
  • simplex - allowing communication in only one direction at a time, or in telegraphy allowing only one message over a line at a time: having only one part or element
  • simply - absolutely; altogether; really; and nothing more; in a simple manner; without extravagance or embellishment; absolutely
  • simultaneously - at the same instant
  • simvastatin - an oral lipid-lowering medicine (trade name Zocor) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after heart attacks
  • sinciput - the front part of the head or skull (including the forehead)
  • sinew - possessing muscular strength; a cord or band of inelastic tissue connecting a muscle with its bony attachment
  • sinistral - of or on the left; preferring to use left foot or hand or eye
  • sinusitis - inflammation of one of the paranasal sinuses
  • sinusoid - tiny endothelium-lined passages for blood in the tissue of an organ; the curve of y=sin x
  • sir - term of address for a man; a title used before the name of knight or baronet
  • sis - a female person who has the same parents as another person
  • situated - situated in a particular spot or position
  • six - denoting a quantity consisting of six items or units; the cardinal number that is the sum of five and one
  • six - denoting a quantity consisting of six items or units; the cardinal number that is the sum of five and one
  • sixteen - being one more than fifteen; the cardinal number that is the sum of fifteen and one
  • sixtieth - the ordinal number of sixty in counting order; position 60 in a countable series of things; one part in sixty equal parts
  • sixty - being ten more than fifty; the cardinal number that is the product of ten and six
  • skeletal - of or relating to or forming or attached to a skeleton; very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
  • ski - narrow wood or metal or plastic runners used in pairs for gliding over snow; move along on skis
  • skiagram - a photographic image produced on a radiosensitive surface by radiation other than visible light (especially by X-rays or gamma rays)
  • skiing - a sport in which participants must travel on skis
  • skill - ability to produce solutions in some problem domain; an ability that has been acquired by training
  • skilled - having or showing or requiring special skill
  • skull - the bony skeleton of the head of vertebrates
  • slanting - having an oblique or slanted direction
  • sleepiness - a very sleepy state
  • sleeplessness - a temporary state in which you are unable (or unwilling) to sleep
  • sleepwalker - someone who walks about in their sleep
  • sleepwalking - walking by a person who is asleep
  • sleepy - ready to fall asleep
  • sleeve - the part of a garment that is attached at the armhole and that provides a cloth covering for the arm; small case into which an object fits
  • sliding - being a smooth continuous motion
  • slightly - to a small degree or extent; in a slim or slender manner
  • slim - being of delicate or slender build; small in quantity; take off weight
  • slippery - causing or tending to cause things to slip or slide; not to be trusted
  • slipping - moving as on a slippery surface
  • sloping - having a slanting form or direction; having an oblique or slanted direction
  • slower - more slowly
  • slowing - a decrease in rate of change
  • slowly - without speed (`slow' is sometimes used informally for `slowly'); in music
  • sm - a master's degree in science; a grey lustrous metallic element of the rare earth group; is used in special alloys; occurs in monazite and bastnasite
  • smaller - small or little relative to something else
  • smallpox - a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars
  • smegma - a white secretion of the sebaceous glands of the foreskin
  • smelling - (used with `of' or `with') noticeably odorous; the act of perceiving the odor of something
  • smog - air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog
  • smoked - (used especially of meats and fish) dried and cured by hanging in wood smoke
  • smoker - a passenger car for passengers who wish to smoke; a person who smokes tobacco; a party for men only (or one considered suitable for men only)
  • smoothed - made smooth by ironing
  • smoothly - with no problems or difficulties; in a smooth and diplomatic manner; with great ease and success
  • sneeze - a symptom consisting of the involuntary expulsion of air from the nose; exhale spasmodically, as when an irritant entered one's nose
  • sneezing - a symptom consisting of the involuntary expulsion of air from the nose
  • snellen - Dutch ophthalmologist who introduced the Snellen chart to study visual acuity (1834-1908)
  • sniff - sensing an odor by inhaling through the nose; inhale audibly through the nose; perceive by inhaling through the nose
  • sniffle - the act of breathing heavily through the nose (as when the nose is congested); inhale audibly through the nose; cry or whine with snuffling
  • snore - the act of snoring or producing a snoring sound; the rattling noise produced when snoring; breathe noisily during one's sleep
  • snoring - breathing during sleep with harsh noises caused by vibration of the uvula or soft palate; the act of snoring or producing a snoring sound
  • snot - nasal mucus; a person regarded as arrogant and annoying
  • soaked - very drunk; wet through and through; thoroughly wet
  • socially - by or with respect to society; in a social manner
  • sociological - of or relating to or determined by sociology
  • soda - a sweet drink containing carbonated water and flavoring; a sodium salt of carbonic acid; used in making soap powders and glass and paper
  • sodoku - the form of ratbite fever occurring in the Far East
  • sodomy - intercourse via the anus, committed by a man with a man or woman
  • softening - having a softening or soothing effect especially to the skin; the process of becoming softer
  • softly - with low volume; in a manner that is pleasing to the senses: with little weight or force; used as a direction in music; to be played relatively softly
  • soiled - soiled or likely to soil with dirt or grime
  • solar - relating to or derived from the sun or utilizing the energies of the sun
  • sold - disposed of to a purchaser
  • soleus - a broad flat muscle in the calf of the leg under the gastrocnemius muscle
  • solidification - the process of becoming hard or solid by cooling or drying or crystallization
  • solidified - changed into a solid mass
  • solidify - become solid; make solid or more solid; cause to solidify
  • soluble - (of a substance) capable of being dissolved in some solvent (usually water); susceptible of solution or of being solved or explained
  • solute - the dissolved substance in a solution; the component of a solution that changes its state
  • solve - find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of; find the solution; settle, as of a debt
  • solving - finding a solution to a problem
  • somatic - affecting or characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit
  • somatotrophin - a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland; promotes growth in humans
  • somatotropin - a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland; promotes growth in humans
  • somebody - a human being
  • someone - a human being
  • something - a thing of some kind
  • sometimes - on certain occasions or in certain cases but not always
  • somewhere - in or at or to some place; an indefinite or unknown location
  • somnambulism - walking by a person who is asleep
  • somnambulist - someone who walks about in their sleep
  • somnolent - inclined to or marked by drowsiness
  • son - the divine word of God; the second person in the Trinity (incarnate in Jesus); a male human offspring
  • soon - in the near future
  • soothe - cause to feel better; give moral or emotional strength to
  • soothing - affording physical relief; freeing from fear and anxiety
  • sopor - a torpid state resembling deep sleep
  • soporific - sleep inducing; inducing mental lethargy; a drug that induces sleep
  • sorbed - (of a substance) taken into and retained in another substance
  • sore - roused to anger; hurting; causing misery or pain or distress: an open skin infection
  • souffle - light fluffy dish of egg yolks and stiffly beaten egg whites mixed with e.g. cheese or fish or fruit
  • sounded - (of water depth) measured by a line and plumb
  • spain - a parliamentary monarchy in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; a former colonial power
  • sparing - avoiding waste
  • spasm - (pathology) sudden constriction of a hollow organ (as a blood vessel); a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
  • spasmodic - occurring in spells and often abruptly; affected by involuntary jerky muscular contractions; resembling a spasm
  • spasmolytic - a drug used to relieve or prevent spasms (especially of the smooth muscles)
  • spasticity - the quality of moving or acting in spasms
  • spatula - a hand tool with a thin flexible blade used to mix or spread soft substances; a turner with a narrow flexible blade
  • speak - use language; make a characteristic or natural sound: express in speech; exchange thoughts; talk with; give a speech to
  • speaking - capable of or involving speech or speaking; the utterance of intelligible speech; delivering an address to a public audience
  • specialised - marked by or characteristic of specialization in a mechanical or scientific subject; developed or designed for a special activity or function
  • specialism - the concentration of your efforts on a particular field of study or occupation; the special line of work you have adopted as your career
  • specialist - an expert who is devoted to one occupation or branch of learning; practices one branch of medicine
  • speciality - the special line of work you have adopted as your career; a distinguishing trait; an asset of special worth or utility
  • specialized - marked by or characteristic of specialization in a mechanical or scientific subject; developed or designed for a special activity or function
  • specially - in a special manner; to a distinctly greater extent or degree than is common
  • specialty - the special line of work you have adopted as your career; a distinguishing trait; an asset of special worth or utility
  • species - a specific kind of something; (biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
  • specifically - in distinction from others
  • specificity - the quality of being specific rather than general; the quality of being specific to a particular organism
  • specified - clearly and explicitly stated
  • specimen - a bit of tissue or blood or urine that is taken for diagnostic purposes; an example regarded as typical of its class
  • spectacles - optical instrument consisting of a pair of lenses for correcting defective vision
  • spectroscope - an optical instrument for spectrographic analysis
  • spectrum - broad range of related values or qualities or ideas or activities; an ordered array of the components of an emission or wave
  • specular - capable of reflecting light like a mirror
  • speeding - moving with great speed; changing location rapidly
  • spelling - forming words with letters according to the principles underlying accepted usage
  • spelt - hardy wheat grown mostly in Europe for livestock feed
  • spend - pay out; spend completely; pass (time) in a specific way
  • spending - the act of spending or disbursing money
  • spent - having all been spent; drained of energy or effectiveness; extremely tired; completely exhausted
  • sperm - the male reproductive cell; the male gamete
  • spermatic - consisting of or resembling spermatozoa
  • spermatid - an immature gamete produced by a spermatocyte; develops into a spermatozoon
  • spermatocele - a swelling on the epididymis or the testis; usually contains spermatozoa
  • spermatocyte - a male gametocyte that develops into four spermatids
  • spermatogenesis - development of spermatozoa
  • spermatozoon - the male reproductive cell; the male gamete
  • spermicidal - destructive to spermatozoa
  • spermicide - a contraceptive agent that kills spermatozoa
  • sphenoid - butterfly-shaped bone at the base of the skull
  • spherical - of or relating to spheres or resembling a sphere; having the shape of a sphere or ball
  • spherocyte - an abnormal spherical red blood cell
  • sphincter - a ring of muscle that contracts to close an opening
  • sphygmomanometer - a pressure gauge for measuring blood pressure
  • spica - the brightest star in Virgo
  • spicule - small pointed structure serving as a skeletal element in various marine and freshwater invertebrates e.g. sponges and corals
  • spicy - suggestive of sexual impropriety; having an agreeably pungent taste
  • spigot - a regulator for controlling the flow of a liquid from a reservoir; a plug for a bunghole in a cask
  • spinach - dark green leaves; eaten cooked or raw in salads: southwestern Asian plant widely cultivated for its succulent edible dark green leaves
  • spinnbarkeit - the capacity of a viscous liquid (especially the cervical mucus) to be drawn out into a strand or blown up into a bubble
  • spinning - creating thread
  • spinous - having spines; shaped like a spine or thorn
  • spirillum - any flagellated aerobic bacteria having a spirally twisted rodlike form; spirally twisted elongate rodlike bacteria usually living in stagnant water
  • spirits - an alcoholic beverage that is distilled rather than fermented
  • spirochaete - parasitic or free-living bacteria; many pathogenic to humans and other animals
  • spirochete - parasitic or free-living bacteria; many pathogenic to humans and other animals
  • spirogram - a recording of breathing made with a spirograph
  • spirograph - a measuring instrument for recording the depth and rapidity of breathing movements
  • spirometer - a measuring instrument for measuring the vital capacity of the lungs
  • spirometry - the use of a spirometer to measure vital capacity
  • spironolactone - a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
  • spite - malevolence by virtue of being malicious or spiteful or nasty: feeling a need to see others suffer; hurt the feelings of
  • spitting - the act of spitting (forcefully expelling saliva)
  • spitz - any of various stocky heavy-coated breeds of dogs native to northern regions having pointed muzzles and erect ears with a curled furry tail
  • splanchnic - relating to or affecting the viscera
  • splashing - the act of scattering water about haphazardly; the act of splashing a (liquid) substance on a surface
  • splendid - having great beauty and splendor; characterized by grandeur
  • splenectomy - surgical removal of the spleen
  • splenic - of or relating to the spleen
  • splenitis - inflammation of the spleen
  • splenius - either of two flat muscles that extend from the upper vertebrae to the base of the skull and serve to rotate or flex or extend the head and neck
  • splenomegaly - an abnormal enlargement of the spleen
  • splint - an orthopedic mechanical device used to immobilize and protect a part of the body (as a broken leg); a thin sliver of wood: support with a splint
  • splitting - resembling a sound of violent tearing as of something ripped apart or lightning splitting a tree
  • spoke - support consisting of a radial member of a wheel joining the hub to the rim; one of the crosspieces that form the steps of a ladder
  • spoken - uttered through the medium of speech or characterized by speech; sometimes used in combination
  • spondylitis - inflammation of a spinal joint; characterized by pain and stiffness
  • spondylolisthesis - a forward dislocation of one vertebra over the one beneath it producing pressure on spinal nerves
  • spongioblastoma - a fast-growing malignant brain tumor composed of spongioblasts; nearly always fatal
  • spontaneous - happening or arising without apparent external cause; said or done without having been planned or written in advance
  • spontaneously - in a spontaneous manner; without advance preparation
  • spoonful - as much as a spoon will hold
  • sporadic - recurring in scattered and irregular or unpredictable instances
  • sporotrichosis - a chronic fungal infection of the skin and lymph nodes
  • sporozoa - strictly parasitic protozoans that are usually immobile; includes plasmodia and coccidia and piroplasms and malaria parasites
  • spots - spots before the eyes caused by opaque cell fragments in the vitreous humor and lens
  • spotted - especially of reputation; having spots or patches (small areas of contrasting color or texture)
  • spotty - lacking consistency; having spots or patches (small areas of contrasting color or texture)
  • spout - an opening that allows the passage of liquids or grain; talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner; gush forth in a sudden stream or jet
  • sprain - a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments; twist suddenly so as to sprain
  • sputum - expectorated matter; saliva mixed with discharges from the respiratory passages; in ancient and medieval physiology it was believed to cause sluggishness
  • squama - a protective structure resembling a scale
  • squeezing - the act of gripping and pressing firmly
  • squinting - having eyes half closed in order to see better
  • ssri - an antidepressant drug that acts by blocking the reuptake of serotonin so that more serotonin is available to act on receptors in the brain
  • stabbed - pierced with a pointed weapon
  • stabbing - causing physical or especially psychological injury; as physically painful as if caused by a sharp instrument
  • stabilised - made stable or firm
  • stabilising - causing to become stable
  • stability - the quality or attribute of being firm and steadfast; a stable order; the quality of being enduring and free from change or variation
  • staccato - (music) marked by or composed of disconnected parts or sounds; cut short crisply; separating the notes; in music
  • stadium - a large structure for open-air sports or entertainments
  • staggers - a disease of the central nervous system affecting especially horses and cattle; characterized by an unsteady swaying gait and frequent falling
  • staging - getting rid of a stage of a multistage rocket; travel by stagecoach; a system of scaffolds; the production of a drama on the stage
  • stagnant - not growing or changing; without force or vitality; not circulating or flowing
  • stained - marked or dyed or discolored with foreign matter; having a coating of stain or varnish; especially of reputation
  • staining - (histology) the use of a dye to color specimens for microscopic study; the act of spotting or staining something
  • stairs - a flight of stairs or a flight of steps
  • stale - showing deterioration from age; lacking originality or spontaneity; no longer new; no longer new; uninteresting; urinate, of cattle and horses
  • stammer - a speech disorder involving hesitations and involuntary repetitions of certain sounds; speak haltingly
  • stammerer - someone who speaks with involuntary pauses and repetitions
  • standardise - cause to conform to standard or norm; evaluate by comparing with a standard
  • standardize - cause to conform to standard or norm; evaluate by comparing with a standard
  • stanford - United States railroad executive and founder of Stanford University (1824-1893); a university in California
  • stapedectomy - surgical removal of the stapes of the middle ear
  • stapes - the stirrup-shaped ossicle that transmits sound from the incus to the cochlea
  • staph - spherical Gram-positive parasitic bacteria that tend to form irregular colonies; some cause boils or septicemia or infections
  • staphylococcal - of or relating to the staphylococcus bacteria
  • staphylococci - spherical Gram-positive parasitic bacteria that tend to form irregular colonies; some cause boils or septicemia or infections
  • staphylococcus - spherical Gram-positive parasitic bacteria that tend to form irregular colonies; some cause boils or septicemia or infections
  • stapler - a machine that inserts staples into sheets of paper in order to fasten them together
  • starchy - rigidly formal; consisting of or containing starch
  • stare - a fixed look with eyes open wide; fixate one's eyes; look at with fixed eyes
  • startle - a sudden involuntary movement; to stimulate to action: move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm
  • starvation - the act of depriving of food or subjecting to famine; a state of extreme hunger resulting from lack of essential nutrients over a prolonged period
  • starving - suffering from lack of food; the act of depriving of food or subjecting to famine
  • stated - declared as fact; explicitly stated
  • statin - a medicine that lowers blood cholesterol levels by inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase
  • statistical - of or relating to statistics
  • status - the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society; a state at a particular time
  • status - the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society; a state at a particular time
  • statutory - prescribed or authorized by or punishable under a statute; relating to or created by statutes
  • stays - a woman's close-fitting foundation garment
  • stealing - the act of taking something from someone unlawfully: avoiding detection by moving carefully
  • stearic - of or relating to or composed of fat
  • stein - experimental expatriate United States writer (1874-1946); a mug intended for serving beer
  • stele - an ancient upright stone slab bearing markings; the usually cylindrical central vascular portion of the axis of a vascular plant
  • stellate - arranged like rays or radii; radiating from a common center
  • stenosed - abnormally constricted body canal or passage
  • stenosis - abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway
  • stent - a slender tube inserted inside a tubular body part (as a blood vessel) to provide support during and after surgical anastomosis
  • steps - the course along which a person has walked or is walking in: a flight of stairs or a flight of steps
  • stercolith - a hard mass of fecal matter
  • stereoscopic - of or relating to stereoscopy; of or relating to a stereoscope
  • sterilise - make infertile; make free from bacteria
  • sterilised - made infertile; made free from live bacteria or other microorganisms
  • steriliser - a device for heating substances above their boiling point; used to manufacture chemicals or to sterilize surgical instruments
  • sterilize - make infertile; make free from bacteria
  • sterilizer - a device for heating substances above their boiling point; used to manufacture chemicals or to sterilize surgical instruments
  • sternal - of or relating to or near the sternum
  • sternum - the flat bone that articulates with the clavicles and the first seven pairs of ribs
  • sternutatory - causing sneezing; tending to cause sneezing; a chemical substance that causes sneezing and coughing and crying
  • steroidal - of or relating to steroid hormones or their effects
  • sterol - any of a group of natural steroid alcohols derived from plants or animals; they are waxy insoluble substances
  • stertor - the act of snoring or producing a snoring sound
  • stertorous - of breathing having a heavy snoring sound
  • stethoscope - a medical instrument for listening to the sounds generated inside the body
  • sth - a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland; promotes growth in humans
  • sticking - extending out above or beyond a surface or boundary
  • stiffly - in a stiff manner; in a rigid manner
  • stigmata - marks resembling the wounds on the crucified body of Christ
  • stillbirth - a natural loss of the products of conception
  • stillborn - (of newborn infant) showing no signs of life at birth; not liveborn; failing to accomplish an intended result
  • stimulant - that stimulates; a drug that temporarily quickens some vital process; any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action
  • stimulated - emotionally aroused
  • stimulating - rousing or quickening activity or the senses; making lively and cheerful; that stimulates
  • stimulus - any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action
  • stirrup - support consisting of metal loops into which rider's feet go: the stirrup-shaped ossicle that transmits sound from the incus to the cochlea
  • stitched - fastened with stitches
  • stitching - joining or attaching by stitches
  • stm - what you can repeat immediately after perceiving it
  • stocking - the activity of supplying a stock of something; close-fitting hosiery to cover the foot and leg; come in matched pairs (usually used in the plural)
  • stolen - taken dishonestly
  • stomatitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth
  • stoppage - the act of stopping something; an obstruction in a pipe or tube; the state of inactivity following an interruption
  • stopped - (of a nose) blocked
  • stored - accumulated until needed
  • stove - any heating apparatus; a kitchen appliance used for cooking food
  • strabismus - abnormal alignment of one or both eyes
  • strabotomy - the surgical operation of cutting a muscle or tendon of the eye in order to correct strabismus
  • straightforward - pointed directly ahead; free from ambiguity: without evasion or compromise; without concealment or deception; honest
  • strained - under great stress; struggling for effect; lacking spontaneity; not natural; lacking natural ease
  • strapping - muscular and heavily built
  • strasbourg - city on the Rhine in eastern France near the German border; an inland port
  • strategic - highly important to or an integral part of a strategy or plan of action especially in war; relating to or concerned with strategy
  • strategy - the branch of military science dealing with military command and the planning and conduct of a war; an elaborate and systematic plan of action
  • stratified - deposited or arranged in horizontal layers; (used of society) socially hierarchical; arranged in a sequence of grades or ranks
  • stratosphere - the atmospheric layer between the troposphere and the mesosphere
  • strengthen - gain strength; make strong or stronger; give a healthy elasticity to
  • strengthening - the act of increasing the strength of something: becoming stronger
  • strenuous - characterized by or performed with much energy or force; taxing to the utmost; testing powers of endurance
  • strep - of or relating to or caused by streptococci; spherical Gram-positive bacteria occurring in pairs or chains; cause e.g. scarlet fever and tonsillitis
  • streptobacillus - any of various rod-shaped Gram-negative bacteria
  • streptococcal - of or relating to or caused by streptococci
  • streptococci - spherical Gram-positive bacteria occurring in pairs or chains; cause e.g. scarlet fever and tonsillitis
  • streptococcus - spherical Gram-positive bacteria occurring in pairs or chains; cause e.g. scarlet fever and tonsillitis
  • streptolysin - any of several hemolysins derived from strains of streptococcus
  • streptomyces - aerobic bacteria (some of which produce the antibiotic streptomycin)
  • streptomycin - an antibiotic produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces griseus and used to treat tuberculosis
  • stressful - extremely irritating to the nerves
  • stretched - (of muscles) relieved of stiffness by stretching; extended or spread over a wide area or distance
  • stretching - act of expanding by lengthening or widening; exercise designed to extend the limbs and muscles to their full extent
  • stretchy - capable of being easily stretched and resuming former size or shape
  • strictly - restricted to something; in a stringent manner; in a rigorous manner
  • stricture - severe criticism; abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway
  • stridor - a whistling sound when breathing (usually heard on inspiration); indicates obstruction of the trachea or larynx
  • strings - the section of an orchestra that plays stringed instruments
  • striped - marked or decorated with stripes
  • stripping - the removal of covering
  • stroking - a light touch with the hands
  • strongly - with strength or in a strong manner; in a powerful manner
  • strontium - a soft silver-white or yellowish metallic element of the alkali metal group; turns yellow in air; occurs in celestite and strontianite
  • struck - (used in combination) affected by something overwhelming
  • structurally - with respect to structure
  • structured - having definite and highly organized structure: resembling a living organism in organization or development
  • strychnine - an alkaloid plant toxin extracted chiefly from nux vomica; formerly used as a stimulant
  • stuck - caught or fixed; baffled
  • studied - produced or marked by conscious design or premeditation; carefully practiced or designed or premeditated
  • studying - reading carefully with intent to remember
  • stuffed - filled with something; crammed with food
  • stuffy - affected with a sensation of stoppage or obstruction: excessively conventional and unimaginative and hence dull; lacking fresh air
  • stung - aroused to impatience or anger
  • stunted - inferior in size or quality
  • stupe - a person who is not very bright
  • stupor - marginal consciousness; the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally
  • stutter - a speech disorder involving hesitations and involuntary repetitions of certain sounds; speak haltingly
  • stuttgart - a city in southwestern Germany famous for innovative architecture
  • stye - an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
  • stylet - small needlelike appendage; especially the feeding organ of a tardigrade
  • stylus - a pointed tool for writing or drawing or engraving; a sharp pointed device attached to the cartridge of a record player
  • styptic - tending to check bleeding by contracting the tissues or blood vessels; a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals
  • subacute - less than acute; relating to a disease present in a person with no symptoms of it
  • subclavian - situated beneath the clavicle
  • subclinical - relating to the stage in the development of a disease before the symptoms are observed
  • subconscious - just below the level of consciousness; psychic activity just below the level of awareness
  • subcortical - of or relating to or being or involving nerve centers below the cerebral cortex
  • subculture - a social group within a national culture that has distinctive patterns of behavior and beliefs
  • subcutaneous - relating to or located below the epidermis
  • subdural - below the dura mater but above the arachnoid membrane of the meninges
  • subjective - taking place within the mind and modified by individual bias; of a mental act performed entirely within the mind
  • subliminal - below the threshold of conscious perception
  • sublingual - beneath the tongue
  • subluxation - partial displacement of a joint or organ
  • submucosa - the connective tissue beneath mucous membrane
  • subnormal - below normal or average; a person of less than normal intelligence
  • subnormality - the state of being less than normal (especially with respect to intelligence); lack of normal development of intellectual capacities
  • suborbital - situated on or below the floor of the eye socket; having or involving a trajectory of less than one orbit
  • subsequent - following in time or order
  • subsequently - happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  • subset - a set whose members are members of another set; a set contained within another set
  • subside - wear off or die down; sink down or precipitate; sink to a lower level or form a depression; descend into or as if into some soft substance or place
  • subsiding - a gradual sinking to a lower level
  • substandard - falling short of some prescribed norm
  • subtotal - the sum of part of a group of numbers
  • subtract - make a subtraction
  • succeed - be the successor (of); attain success or reach a desired goal
  • succes