Spinal muscular atrophy with progressive myoclonic epilepsy

From WikiMD

Spinal muscular atrophy with progressive myoclonic epilepsy (SMA-PME), sometimes called Jankovic–Rivera syndrome, is a very rare neurodegenerative disease whose symptoms include slowly progressive muscle wasting (atrophy), predominantly affecting distal muscles, combined with denervation and myoclonic seizures.[1] Only 12 known families are described in scientific literature to have SMA-PME.[2]

SMA-PME is associated with a missense mutation (c.125C→T) or deletion in exon 2 of the ASAH1 gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner.[3] SMA-PME is closely related to a lysosomal disorder disease called Farber lipogranulomatosis.[4] As with many genetic disorders, there is no known cure to SMA-PME.

The condition was first described in 1979 by American researchers Joseph Jankovic and Victor M. Rivera.[5]

ASAH1 Gene

The ASAH1 Gene codes for acid ceramidase which is an enzyme found in lysosomes. The lysosome breaks down acid ceramidase and the fatty acid component [6] is then used to produce myelin. Myelin is a coating around the nerves in the body which help transfer signals from nerve cell to nerve cell and increase transmission rate.[7] In patients with SMA-PME, the cermidase function is reduced to only be 33.33% effective.[2] The lack of myelin resulting from the lack of acid ceramidase break down leads to nerve cell damage.

See also

References

Further reading

External links


W8MD weight loss logo

Ad. Tired of being overweight?. W8MD's insurance Weight loss program can HELP*

Quick links: Medicine Portal | Encyclopedia‏‎‏‎ | Gray's Anatomy‏‎ | Topics‏‎ |‏‎ Diseases‏‎ | Drugs | Wellness | Obesity‏‎ | Metabolic syndrome | Weight loss*
Disclaimer: The entire contents of WIKIMD.ORG are for informational purposes only and do not render medical advice or professional services. If you have a medical emergency, you should CALL 911 immediately! Given the nature of the wiki, the information provided may not be accurate, misleading and or incorrect. Use the information on this wiki at your own risk! See full Disclaimer.
Link to this page: <a href="http://www.wikimd.org/wiki/Spinal_muscular_atrophy_with_progressive_myoclonic_epilepsy">Spinal muscular atrophy with progressive myoclonic epilepsy</a>

  • Individual results may vary for weight loss from our sponsors.