|Addiction and dependence glossary|
- addiction – a biopsychosocial disorder characterized by compulsively seeking to achieve a desired effect, such as intoxication, despite harm and adverse consequences to self and others
- addictive behavior – a behavior that is both rewarding and reinforcing
- addictive drug – a drug that is both rewarding and reinforcing
- dependence – an adaptive state associated with a withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of repeated exposure to a stimulus (e.g., drug intake)
- drug sensitization or reverse tolerance – the escalating effect of a drug resulting from repeated administration at a given dose
- drug withdrawal – symptoms that occur upon cessation of repeated drug use
- physical dependence – dependence that involves persistent physical–somatic withdrawal symptoms (e.g., fatigue and delirium tremens)
- psychological dependence – dependence that involves emotional–motivational withdrawal symptoms (e.g., dysphoria and anhedonia)
- reinforcing stimuli – stimuli that increase the probability of repeating behaviors paired with them
- rewarding stimuli – stimuli that the brain interprets as intrinsically positive and desirable or as something to approach
- sensitization – an amplified response to a stimulus resulting from repeated exposure to it
- substance use disorder – a condition in which the use of substances leads to clinically and functionally significant impairment or distress
- tolerance – the diminishing effect of a drug resulting from repeated administration at a given dose
Substance abuse means that you are using alcohol or recreational drugs excessively or in a way that could be very harmful for your health, also called drug addiction.
Brain metabolism and drug addiction
The impact may be physical, mental, or social.
Your health plan may help cover you for care and recovery through your behavioral health benefits.
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