Taurocholic acid

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Template:Chembox header| Taurocholic acid
Taurocholic acid
Chemical name 2-{[(3alpha,5beta,7alpha,12alpha)-3,7,12-trihydroxy-
24-oxocholan-24-yl]amino}ethanesulfonic acid
Chemical formula C26H45NO7S
Molecular mass 515.7058 g/mol
CAS number [81-24-3]
Density x.xxx g/cm3
Melting point 125.0 °C
Boiling point xx.x °C
SMILES C[[email protected]@]34[[email protected]] (CC[[email protected]@H]4[[email protected]@H] (CCC(NCCS(O)
(=O)=O)=O)C) ([H])[[email protected]]2([H]) [[email protected]](O)C[[email protected]]1
([H])C[[email protected]](O)CC [[email protected]@](C)1[[email protected]] ([H])2C[[email protected]@H]3O</samll>
Template:Chembox header | Disclaimer and references

Taurocholic acid, known also as cholaic acid, cholyltaurine, or acidum cholatauricum, is a deliquescent yellowish crystalline bile acid involved in the emulsification of fats. It occurs as a sodium salt in the bile of mammals. It is a conjugate of cholic acid with taurine. Medically it is used as a cholagogue and cholerectic.

Hydrolysis of taurocholic acid yields Taurine, a nonessential amino acid.

Commercially, taurocholic acid is manufactured from cattle bile, a byproduct of the meat-processing industry.

See also

deoxycholic acid.

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