Doctor in scrubs

COVID-19 portal | Vitamin D | CDC | Vaccine | Keto | W8MD Diet

WikiMD is world's largest health encyclopedia with
28,598 pages, 4,001,227 edits & 34,551,964 views.

Unbiased health & wellness info for free & for all!

Viparita Karani

From WikiMD's free health, diet & wellness encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Viparita Karani, with extension in the spine


Viparita Karani (Sanskrit: विपरीतकरणी; IAST: viparītakaraṇī) or legs up the wall pose[1] is considered either as an asana or a mudra in haṭha yoga. In modern yoga as exercise, it is commonly a fully supported pose using a wall and sometimes a pile of blankets.

Etymology and origins

Viparita Karani using a shoulderstand from an illustrated manuscript of the Joga Pradipika, 1830

The name comes from the Sanskrit words विपरीत viparīta, "inverted" or "reversed", and करणी karaṇī, "a particular type of practice".[2]

The pose was practised from the 17th century onwards in hatha yoga, though known by various names such as Narakasana, Kapalasana and Viparitakaranasana; its purpose as a mudra was to reverse the downflow and loss of the life-giving substance (amrita) through the use of gravity.[3]


Viparita Karani can be any practice where one is upside down. This can include the asanas of shoulder stand (Sarvangasana), headstand (Sirsasana), or handstand (Adho Mukha Vrksasana). In the Hatha Yoga Pradipika, as in most classical texts on haṭha yoga, viparita karani is listed as a mudra,[4] meaning its purpose is for the directing of energy or kundalini upwards within the body, using gravity,[5] as opposed to asanas which are used in the Hatha Yoga Pradipika to create steadiness.[6]

In one popular expression of viparita karani as an asana in modern postural yoga, it resembles Salamba Sarvāngāsana (supported shoulder stand) but with extension in the thoracic spine (rather than the cervical spine, elbows on the floor and hands supporting hips or lower back.[7] In Iyengar Yoga, the pose is described as "a restful practice, where the body is inverted without effort", and the lower back and buttocks are supported with a pile of blankets, while the legs are rested against a wall. Alternatively the back can rest on the floor and the legs point straight up (also called Uttanapadasana), either against a wall or free.[2]


Variations include bringing the soles of the feet together as in Baddha Konasana, or letting the legs fall outward into a straddle.

In Urdhva Prasarita Padasana, the back is on the ground, the arms are above the head, and the legs are raised either partly or to the vertical.[8]



Further reading

External links

ru:Перевёрнутые асаны#Випарита Карани

Viparita Karani is part of WikiMD's Physician reviewed^ articles available 4free, 4all, 4ever!
Medicine: Health - Encyclopedia‏‎‏‎ - Topics‏‎ -‏‎ Diseases‏‎ - Cancer - Rare diseases - Random Page Navigation: Drugs - Wellness - Obesity‏‎ - Diet - Ketogenic diet - W8MD weight loss diet - Editors: Recently Edited Pages - Alphabetical Order - Sponsors - USMLE The content on or accessible through WikiMD is for informational purposes only. WikiMD is not a substitute for professional medical advice. ^See full Disclaimers
W8MD weight loss logo

Ad. Tired of being overweight?. W8MD's insurance Weight loss program can HELP*