Abdominal surgery

From WikiMD free medical encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wellness.png

WikiMD is a free medical encyclopedia moderated by medical professionals and is a reliable source of information on a wide range of health, weight loss and wellness related topics. Who wants to trust their health with amateurs?

Let Food Be Medicine, Medicine Be Food - Hippocrates

The term abdominal surgery broadly covers surgical procedures that involve opening the abdomen. Surgery of each abdominal organ is dealt with separately in connection with the description of that organ (see stomach, kidney, liver, etc.) Diseases affecting the abdominal cavity are dealt with generally under their own names (e.g. appendicitis).

Types

The most common abdominal surgeries are described below.

  • Appendectomy—Surgical opening of the abdominal cavity and removal of the appendix. Typically performed as definitive treatment for appendicitis, although sometimes the appendix is prophylactically removed incidental to another abdominal procedure.
  • Caesarean section (also known as C-section) is a surgical procedure in which one or more incisions are made through a mother's abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus (hysterotomy) to deliver one or more babies, or, rarely, to remove a dead fetus.
  • Inguinal hernia surgery - This refers to the repair of an inguinal hernia.
  • Exploratory laparotomy—This refers to the opening of the abdominal cavity for direct examination of its contents, for example, to locate a source of bleeding or trauma. It may or may not be followed by repair or removal of the primary problem.
  • Laparoscopy—A minimally invasive approach to abdominal surgery where rigid tubes are inserted through small incisions into the abdominal cavity. The tubes allow introduction of a small camera, surgical instruments, and gases into the cavity for direct or indirect visualization and treatment of the abdomen. The abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to facilitate visualization and, often, a small video camera is used to show the procedure on a monitor in the operating room. The surgeon manipulates instruments within the abdominal cavity to perform procedures such as cholecystectomy (gallbladder removal), the most common laparoscopic procedure. The laparoscopic method speeds recovery time and reduces blood loss and infection as compared to the traditional "open" cholecystectomy.

Complications

Complications of abdominal surgery include, but are not limited to:

  • adhesions (also called scar tissue): Complications of postoperative adhesion formation are frequent, they have a large negative effect on patients’ health, and increase workload in clinical practice[1]
  • bleeding
  • infection
  • Paralytic ileus (sometimes called ileus): short-term paralysis of the bowel
  • shock

Sterile technique, aseptic post-operative care, antibiotics, and vigilant post-operative monitoring greatly reduce the risk of these complications. Planned surgery performed under sterile conditions is much less risky than that performed under emergency or unsterile conditions. The contents of the bowel are unsterile, and thus leakage of bowel contents, as from trauma, substantially increases the risk of infection.

Template:Wikisource1911Enc

See also

References

Also see the following articles on Abdominal surgery

Metabolic.jpg

Featured disease

Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of the most dangerous heart attack risk factors: diabetes and prediabetes, abdominal obesity, high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol and high blood pressure.

Affects one in three adults

Affecting about 35 percent of all adults in the United States according to the CDC, metabolic syndrome contributes to weight gain, by causing a state of internal starvation called metabolic starvation. This in turn leads to increases hunger, sugar cravings and increased portions leading to overeating and weight gain.

Cause and effect misunderstood

Since we traditionally thought that the portion control (which in turn was attributed wrongly to poor will power)is the cause of weight gain, rather than the effect of this metabolic starvation, all our traditional ideas about cause and effect of obesity were not only wrong but lead to the “blame the victim” attitude when it comes to obesity.

Secret of weight gain revealed

Secret of weight gain, and metabolic syndrome revealed - it has been recently proven that metabolic syndrome, and the weight gain itself are caused by a process called insulin resistance. Check your metabolic syndrome risk using the free Metabolic syndrome meter. Watch this amazing Ted Med video that reveals the secret of weight loss - Stop blaming the victim for obesity



WikiMD Resources for Abdominal surgery

Articles on Abdominal surgery

Govt. policies / Guidelines
  1. UpToDate on Abdominal surgery
  2. Most recent articles on Abdominal surgery
  3. Most cited articles on Abdominal surgery
  4. Review articles on Abdominal surgery
  5. Articles on Abdominal surgery in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ
  1. US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Abdominal surgery
  2. NICE Guidance on Abdominal surgery
  3. NHS PRODIGY Guidance
  4. FDA on Abdominal surgery
  5. CDC on Abdominal surgery

Media articles Abdominal surgery

Patient Resources / Community
  1. slides on Abdominal surgery
  2. Images of Abdominal surgery
  3. Photos of Abdominal surgery
  4. Podcasts & MP3s on Abdominal surgery
  5. Videos on Abdominal surgery
  1. Patient resources on Abdominal surgery
  2. Discussion groups on Abdominal surgery
  3. Patient Handouts on Abdominal surgery
  4. Directions to Hospitals Treating Abdominal surgery
  5. Risk calculators and risk factors for Abdominal surgery

Evidence Based Medicine

Healthcare Provider Resources
  1. Cochrane Collaboration on Abdominal surgery
  2. Bandolier on Abdominal surgery
  3. TRIP on Abdominal surgery
  1. Symptoms of Abdominal surgery
  2. Causes & Risk Factors for Abdominal surgery
  3. Diagnostic studies for Abdominal surgery
  4. Treatment of Abdominal surgery

Clinical Trials

News on Abdominal surgery
  1. Ongoing Trials on Abdominal surgery at Clinical Trials.gov
  2. Trial results on Abdominal surgery
  3. Clinical Trials on Abdominal surgery at Google
  1. Abdominal surgery in the news
  2. Be alerted to news on Abdominal surgery
  3. News trends on Abdominal surgery

Definition of Abdominal surgery

Flickr on Abdominal surgery
  1. Definitions of Abdominal surgery
  1. Flickr on Abdominal surgery

Books on the topic

Facebook posts Abdominal surgery
  1. Books on Abdominal surgery
  1. Facebook posts related to Abdominal surgery

Continuing medical education (CME)

Tweets about Abdominal surgery
  1. CME Programs on Abdominal surgery
  1. Twitter tweets related to Abdominal surgery
Pintest on Abdominal surgery Commentary & #Abdominal surgery
  1. Pintest on Abdominal surgery
  1. Blogs on Abdominal surgery
  2. #Abdominal surgery



W8md2.jpg

World's largest food, health, weight loss, wellnesspedia and encyclopedia

If you are a medical professional or an expert in any field of medicine, please join us in building the world's largest weight loss and wellness encyclopedia created by experts in the field, not by the crowd. WikiMD is sponsored by W8MD weight loss, sleep and medical aesthetic centers


W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep & Medical Aesthetic Centers

Since its inception in 2011, W8MD’s insurance physician weight loss program has successfully helped thousands of patients succeed in not only losing weight but also keep it off with an ongoing maintenance plan.

FANTASTIC PROGRAM. TRULY A LIFE CHANGER. D.M. LOST 100 LBS^^

weight loss success stories

^^Individual results may vary.

Weight-loss.jpg

W8MD weight loss, sleep and medical spa blogs


Support our sponsors

W8MD weight loss, sleep and medspa centers sponsors WikiMD.

W8MD's Locations for losing weight, sleeping better and looking your best

Philadelphia

weight loss Philadelphia | Sleep center Philadelphia

King of Prussia

Lose weight King of Prussia | sleep doctor King of Prussia

New York

Weight loss NYC | Fast weight loss NYC | Lose weight NYC | Sleep apnea NYC

New Jersey

New Jersey Weight Loss, Sleep and Medical Spa Cherry Hill NJ

Other W8MD blogs

Lorcaserin weight loss | Qsymia weight loss | Phentermine weight loss | Weight loss blog | Free weight loss | Saxenda weight loss | Contrave weight loss

Health Topics | Health Encyclopedia | First Aid | Weight Loss | Drugs | Glossary of medicine


Health science - Medicine
Anesthesiology - Dermatology - Emergency Medicine - General practice - Intensive care medicine - Internal medicine - Neurology - Obstetrics & Gynecology - Pediatrics - Podiatry - Public Health & Occupational Medicine - Psychiatry - Radiology - Surgery
Branches of Internal medicine
Cardiology - Endocrinology - Gastroenterology - Hematology - Infectious diseases - Nephrology - Oncology - Pulmonology - Rheumatology
Branches of Surgery
General surgery - Cardiothoracic surgery - Neurosurgery - Ophthalmology - Orthopedic surgery - Otolaryngology (ENT) - Plastic surgery - Podiatric surgery - Urology - Vascular surgery
A-Z Health Topics - A | B | C | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | O | P | R | S | T | V

Glossary of medical terms


Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found

WikiMD Sponsors - W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep and MedSpa Centers

Pronounced weightMD, our state of the art W8MD weight loss, sleep, holistic IV nutrition and aesthetic medicine programs can help you not only to lose weight, and sleep better but also look your best! Since its inception in 2011, W8MD’s insurance physician weight loss program has successfully helped thousands of patients.

W8MD Weight Loss

W8MD’s Physician weight loss is unique in many ways with a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach to weight loss. Weight Loss Success Stories....

W8MD Sleep Services

Sleep medicine program uses state of the art technology to diagnose and treat over 80 different sleep disorders. W8MD Sleep Services…

W8MD Medical Aesthetic Services

Medical aesthetic program offers a wide variety of advanced laser skin treatments including oxygen super facials, photofacials and Affordable Botox. W8MD Aesthetic Services…

IM and IV nutrition therapy includes booster shots for B12, vitamin B complex, Vitamin C, Detox treatments and IV nutrition therapy. W8MD IV Nutrition…

W8MD weight loss | Philadelphia medical weight loss | NYC medical weight loss | NJ medical weight loss

W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep & Medical Aesthetics

Intro to W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep & Medical Aesthetics


Disclaimer: The entire contents of WIKIMD.ORG are for informational purposes only and do not render medical advice or professional services. If you have a medical emergency, you should CALL 911 immediately! Given the nature of the wiki, the information provided may not be accurate and or incorrect. Use the information on this wiki at your own risk! See full Disclaimers.WikiMD is supported by W8MD Weight loss, Poly-Tech Sleep & Medical Aesthetic Centers of America.