Difference between revisions of "Anatomy and Physiology terms"

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Latest revision as of 04:52, 14 August 2019

  • keratohyalin - noun hyaline in the large granules of the stratum granulosum
  • ipsilateral - adj. on or relating to the same side (of the body)
  • fasciculation - noun muscular twitching of contiguous groups of muscle fibers
  • transamination - noun the process of transfering an amino group from one compound to another: the process of transposing an amino group within a chemical compound
  • mesothelium - noun epithelium originating in the embryonic mesoderm; lines the primordial body cavity
  • megakaryocyte - noun a large bone marrow cell; regarded as the source of blood platelets
  • thermoreceptor - noun a sensory receptor that responds to heat and cold
  • sarcomere - noun one of the segments into which a myofibril is divided
  • zonule - noun small beltlike zone
  • hypovolemic - adj. of or relating to a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
  • hypocalcemia - noun abnormally low level of calcium in the blood; associated with hypoparathyroidism or kidney malfunction or vitamin D deficiency
  • glycoprotein - noun a conjugated protein having a carbohydrate component
  • hypercapnia - noun the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
  • anterograde - adj. of amnesia; affecting time immediately following trauma
  • hypertonia - noun (of muscular tissue) the state of being hypertonic
  • interoceptor - noun any receptor that responds to stimuli inside the body
  • ophthalmoplegia - noun paralysis of the motor nerves of the eye
  • bronchiole - noun any of the smallest bronchial ducts; ending in alveoli
  • hypovolemia - noun a blood disorder consisting of a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
  • myometrium - noun the smooth muscle forming the wall of the uterus
  • atrioventricular - adj. relating to or affecting the atria and ventricles of the heart
  • chemoreceptor - noun a sensory receptor that responds to chemical stimuli
  • cytokinesis - noun organic process consisting of the division of the cytoplasm of a cell following karyokinesis bringing about the separation into two daughter cells
  • oxidation-reduction - noun a reversible chemical reaction in which one reaction is an oxidation and the reverse is a reduction
  • sympathomimetic - adj. relating to epinephrine (its release or action)
  • hemopoiesis - noun the formation of blood cells in the living body (especially in the bone marrow)
  • cytoarchitecture - noun the cellular composition of a bodily structure
  • organelle - noun a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ
  • pinocytosis - noun process by which certain cells can engulf and incorporate droplets of fluid
  • hypoparathyroidism - noun inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
  • pepsinogen - noun precursor of pepsin; stored in the stomach walls and converted to pepsin by hydrochloric acid in the stomach
  • subthalamus - noun the ventral part of the thalamus
  • parasympathomimetic - adj. having an effect similar to that resulting from stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system
  • exocrine - adj. of or relating to exocrine glands or their secretions:noun a gland that secretes externally through a duct
  • opsonization - noun process whereby opsonins make an invading microorganism more susceptible to phagocytosis
  • hypotonicity - noun (of a solution) the extent to which a solution has a lower osmotic pressure than some other: (of muscular tissue) the state of being hypotonic
  • hypervolemia - noun a blood disorder consisting of an increase in the volume of circulating blood
  • apocrine - adj. (of exocrine glands) producing a secretion in which part of the secreting cell is released with the secretion
  • proprioceptor - noun special nerve endings in the muscles and tendons and other organs that respond to stimuli regarding the position and movement of the body
  • baroreceptor - noun a sensory receptor that responds to pressure
  • eccrine - adj. (of exocrine glands) producing a clear aqueous secretion without releasing part of the secreting cell; important in regulating body temperature
  • thrombocytosis - noun increase in the number of platelets in the blood which tends to cause clots to form; associated with many neoplasms and chronic infections and other diseases
  • centriole - noun one of a pair of small cylindrical cell organelles near the nucleus in animal cells; composed of nine triplet microtubules and form the asters during mitosis
  • palatoglossal - adj. relating to the palate and tongue
  • hypernatremia - noun excessive amounts of sodium in the blood; possibly indicating diabetes insipidus
  • reticulocyte - noun an immature red blood cell containing a network of filaments or granules
  • hypokalemia - noun abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities; associated with adrenal tumors or starvation or taking diuretics
  • hemopoietic - adj. pertaining to the formation of blood or blood cells
  • osmoreceptor - noun sensory end organ that responds to changes in osmotic pressure
  • exteroceptor - noun any receptor that responds to stimuli outside the body
  • myofibril - noun one of many contractile filaments that make up a striated muscle fiber
  • hemosiderin - noun a granular brown substance composed of ferric oxide; left from the breakdown of hemoglobin; can be a sign of disturbed iron metabolism
  • oliguria - noun production of an abnormally small amount of urine:abnormally small production of urine; can be a symptom of kidney disease or obstruction of the urinary tract or edema or an imbalance of fluids and electrolytes in the body
  • cytosol - noun the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various particles and organelles are suspended
  • hypocapnia - noun a state in which the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is lower than normal; can result from deep or rapid breathing
  • trophoblast - noun the membrane that forms the wall of the blastocyst in early development; aids implantation in the uterine wall
  • nephron - noun any of the small tubules that are the excretory units of the vertebrate kidney
  • adrenergic - adj. relating to epinephrine (its release or action): noundrug that has the effects of epinephrine
  • monocyte - noun a type of granular leukocyte that functions in the ingestion of bacteria
  • fibrinolysis - noun a normal ongoing process that dissolves fibrin and results in the removal of small blood clots
  • chylomicron - noun a microscopic particle of triglycerides produced in the intestines during digestion; in the bloodstream they release their fatty acids into the blood
  • hyperpnea - noun energetic (deep and rapid) respiration that occurs normally after exercise or abnormally with fever or various disorders
  • hyperkalemia - noun higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood; associated with kidney failure or sometimes with the use of diuretic drugs
  • ultrasonography - noun using the reflections of high-frequency sound waves to construct an image of a body organ (a sonogram); commonly used to observe fetal growth or study bodily organs
  • antidiuretic - noun a drug that limits the formation of urine
  • hypercalcemia - noun the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or Paget's disease
  • astrocyte - noun comparatively large neuroglial cell
  • venule - noun a minute vein continuous with a capillary
  • arteriole - noun one of the small thin-walled arteries that end in capillaries
  • paranasal - adj. adjacent to the nasal cavities
  • catabolic - adj. characterized by destructive metabolism: relating to or characterized by catabolism
  • alkalosis - noun abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • ligand - noun an atom or molecule or radical or ion that forms a complex around a central atom
  • blastomere - noun any cell resulting from cleavage of a fertilized egg
  • chromatid - noun one of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits during mitosis
  • elastase - noun a pancreatic enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of elastin
  • myogram - noun a graphical recording of muscle activity
  • macromolecule - noun any very large complex molecule; found only in plants and animals
  • micelle - noun an electrically charged particle built up from polymeric molecules or ions and occurring in certain colloidal electrolytic solutions like soaps and detergents
  • postganglionic - adj. beyond or distal to a ganglion (referring especially to the unmyelinated fibers that originate from cells in autonomic ganglia)
  • endosteum - noun vascular membrane that lines the inner surface of long bones
  • plasmin - noun an enzyme that dissolves the fibrin of blood clots
  • enterokinase - noun enzyme in the intestinal juice that converts inactive trypsinogen into active trypsin
  • osteocyte - noun mature bone cell
  • hyperparathyroidism - noun excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; can affect many systems of the body (especially causing bone resorption and osteoporosis)
  • hematopoiesis - noun the formation of blood cells in the living body (especially in the bone marrow)
  • proteolysis - noun the hydrolysis of proteins into peptides and amino acids by cleavage of their peptide bonds
  • kinesthesia - noun the perception of body position and movement and muscular tensions etc: the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body
  • leukocyte - noun blood cells that engulf and digest bacteria and fungi; an important part of the body's defense system
  • cytotoxic - adj. of or relating to substances that are toxic to cells
  • hypophyseal - adj. of or relating to the hypophysis
  • trabecula - noun rod-shaped structures of fibrous tissue that divide an organ into parts (as in the penis) or stabilize the structure of an organ (as in the spleen)
  • autosomal - adj. of or relating to an autosome
  • lymphocyte - noun an agranulocytic leukocyte that normally makes up a quarter of the white blood cell count but increases in the presence of infection
  • fibrocartilage - noun cartilage that is largely composed of fibers like those in ordinary connective tissue
  • clonal - adj. of or relating to a clone
  • fossa - noun largest carnivore of Madagascar; intermediate in some respects between cats and civets: monotypic genus of Madagascar civets closely related to palm civets: a concavity in a surface (especially an anatomical depression)
  • neurogenic - adj. arising in or stimulated by nerve tissues
  • tRNA - noun RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA)
  • sucrase - noun an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of sucrose into glucose and fructose
  • lymphoid - adj. resembling lymph or lymphatic tissues
  • macrophage - noun a large phagocyte; some are fixed and other circulate in the blood stream
  • polysaccharide - noun any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
  • reticular - adj. resembling or forming a network
  • mydriasis - noun reflex pupillary dilation as a muscle pulls the iris outward; occurs in response to a decrease in light or certain drugs
  • leukocytosis - noun an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood as a result of infection (as in leukemia)
  • cytoskeleton - noun a microscopic network of actin filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells that gives the cell shape and coherence
  • sarcoplasm - noun the cytoplasm of a striated muscle fiber
  • oropharynx - noun cavity formed by the pharynx at the back of the mouth
  • IgM - noun one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; involved in fighting blood infections and in triggering production of immunoglobulin G
  • mitochondrion - noun an organelle containing enzymes responsible for producing energy
  • phospholipid - noun any of various compounds composed of fatty acids and phosphoric acid and a nitrogenous base; an important constituent of membranes
  • anergy - noun inactivity and lack of energy: reduction or lack of an immune response to a specific antigen
  • saccade - noun a rapid, jerky movement of the eyes between positions of rest: an abrupt spasmodic movement
  • natriuretic - adj. of or relating to natriuresis
  • hypotonia - noun (of muscular tissue) the state of being hypotonic
  • splenius - noun either of two flat muscles that extend from the upper vertebrae to the base of the skull and serve to rotate or flex or extend the head and neck
  • microglia - noun neuroglial tissue of mesodermal origin that can become phagocytic
  • oligodendrocyte - noun a cell of the oligodendroglia
  • totipotent - adj. having the ability to give rise to unlike cells
  • cholinergic - adj. releasing or activated by acetylcholine or a related compound
  • effector - noun an organ (a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to nerve impulses: a nerve fiber that terminates on a muscle or gland and stimulates contraction or secretion: one who brings about a result or event; one who accomplishes a purpose
  • angiotensin - noun any of several vasoconstrictor substances (trade name Hypertensin) that cause narrowing of blood vessels
  • X-linked - adj. relating to genes or characteristics or conditions carried on the X chromosome
  • oxidative - adj. taking place in the presence of oxygen
  • ECF - noun liquid containing proteins and electrolytes including the liquid in blood plasma and interstitial fluid
  • gonadotropin - noun hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta; stimulates the gonads and controls reproductive activity
  • cytokine - noun any of various proteins secreted by cells of the immune system that serve to regulate the immune system
  • stratify - verb render fertile and preserve by placing between layers of earth or sand: form layers or strata: form, arrange, or deposit in layers: divide society into social classes or castes: develop different social levels, classes, or castes
  • hypersensitivity - noun extreme sensitivity: pathological sensitivity
  • lipase - noun an enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the breakdown of fats into individual fatty acids that can be absorbed into the bloodstream
  • pennate - adj. having feathered wings
  • tubule - noun a small tube
  • supinate - verb turn (the hand or forearm) so that the back is downward or backward, or turn out (the leg)
  • melanocyte - noun a cell in the basal layer of the epidermis that produces melanin under the control of the melanocyte-stimulating hormone
  • oogenesis - noun development of ova
  • intron - noun sequence of a eukaryotic gene's DNA that is not translated into a protein
  • proteome - noun the full complement of proteins produced by a particular genome
  • gingiva - noun the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth
  • triiodothyronine - noun thyroid hormone similar to thyroxine but with one less iodine atom per molecule and produced in smaller quantity; exerts the same biological effects as thyroxine but is more potent and briefer
  • osteoblast - noun a cell from which bone develops
  • contralateral - adj. on or relating to the opposite side (of the body)
  • endoneurium - noun delicate connective tissue around individual nerve fibers in nerve
  • pectineal - adj. of or relating to the pubis
  • gastrin - noun polypeptide hormone secreted by the mucous lining of the stomach; induces the secretion of gastric juice
  • nuclease - noun general term for enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleic acid by cleaving chains of nucleotides into smaller units
  • arteriovenous - adj. connecting an artery to a vein
  • lemniscus - noun a bundle of sensory nerve fibers going to the thalamus
  • thrombocytopenia - noun a blood disease characterized by an abnormally small number of platelets in the blood
  • foramen - noun a natural opening or perforation through a bone or a membranous structure
  • epicondyle - noun a projection on a bone above a condyle serving for the attachment of muscles and ligaments
  • alveolar - adj. pertaining to the tiny air sacs of the lungs: pertaining to the alveolar ridge: noun a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • cuboidal - adj. shaped like a cube
  • mitotic - adj. of or relating to or undergoing mitosis
  • sinusoid - noun tiny endothelium-lined passages for blood in the tissue of an organ: the curve of y=sin x
  • circumduction - noun a circular movement of a limb or eye
  • chiasm - noun an intersection or crossing of two tracts in the form of the letter X
  • epicardium - noun the innermost of the two layers of the pericardium
  • hemolysis - noun lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
  • biosynthesis - noun production of a chemical compound by a living organism
  • brain-stem - noun the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
  • lysosome - noun an organelle found in the cytoplasm of most cells (especially in leukocytes and liver and kidney cells)
  • anticholinergic - adj. inhibiting or blocking the action of acetylcholine at a receptor site: noun a substance that opposes or blocks the action of acetylcholine
  • foremilk - noun milky fluid secreted for the first day or two after parturition
  • myelencephalon - noun the posterior part of the hindbrain in developing vertebrates; forms the medulla oblongata in adults
  • covalent - adj. of or relating to or characterized by covalence
  • sternocleidomastoid - noun one of two thick muscles running from the sternum and clavicle to the mastoid and occipital bone; turns head obliquely to the opposite side; when acting together they flex the neck and extend the head
  • monosaccharide - noun a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
  • acinus - noun one of the small sacs or saclike dilations in a compound gland: one of the small drupes making up an aggregate or multiple fruit like a blackberry
  • osteoclast - noun cell that functions in the breakdown and resorption of bone tissue
  • sulcus - noun (anatomy) any of the narrow grooves in an organ or tissue especially those that mark the convolutions on the surface of the brain
  • hyponatremia - noun abnormally low level of sodium in the blood; associated with dehydration
  • cuspid - noun one of the four pointed conical teeth (two in each jaw) located between the incisors and the premolars
  • hyperextension - noun greater than normal extension
  • epiphyseal - adj. relating to the epiphysis of a bone
  • chorionic - adj. of or relating to a chorion
  • sphincter - noun a ring of muscle that contracts to close an opening
  • canaliculus - noun a small canal or duct as in some bones and parts of plants
  • aldosterone - noun a corticosteroid hormone that is secreted by the cortex of the adrenal gland; regulates salt (sodium and potassium) and water balance
  • kinetochore - noun a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape
  • trypsinogen - noun inactive precursor of trypsin; a substance secreted by the pancreas and converted to active trypsin by enterokinase in the small intestine
  • end-plate - noun the flattened end of a motor neuron that transmits neural impulses to a muscle
  • oculomotor - noun supplies extrinsic muscles of the eye
  • pterion - noun the craniometric point in the region of the sphenoid fontanelle
  • karyotype - noun the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes)
  • calcitonin - noun thyroid hormone that tends to lower the level of calcium in the blood plasma and inhibit resorption of bone
  • histocompatibility - noun condition in which the cells of one tissue can survive in the presence of cells of another tissue
  • sensorineural - adj. of or relating to the neural process of sensation
  • calcaneal - adj. relating to the heel bone or heel
  • vasodilation - noun dilation of blood vessels (especially the arteries)
  • submucosa - noun the connective tissue beneath mucous membrane
  • depolarization - noun a loss of polarity or polarization
  • glycolysis - noun a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and release energy for the body in the form of ATP
  • homeostasis - noun (physiology) metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex biological mechanisms that operate via the autonomic nervous system to offset disrupting changes
  • inspiratory - adj. pertaining to the drawing in phase respiration
  • extensor - noun a skeletal muscle whose contraction extends or stretches a body part
  • vestibular - adj. relating to the sense of equilibrium
  • hypothyroidism - noun an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
  • cerebellar - adj. relating to or associated with the cerebellum
  • pronator - noun a muscle that produces or assists in pronation
  • hydrophilic - adj. having a strong affinity for water; tending to dissolve in, mix with, or be wetted by water
  • glomerular - adj. of or relating to glomeruli
  • transferrin - noun a globulin in blood plasma that carries iron
  • telencephalon - noun the anterior division of the forebrain; the cerebrum and related parts of the hypothalamus
  • hemostasis - noun surgical procedure of stopping the flow of blood (as with a hemostat)
  • metencephalon - noun the part of the hindbrain that develops into the pons and the cerebellum
  • laryngopharynx - noun the lower part of the pharynx
  • synergist - noun a drug that augments the activity of another drug
  • centromere - noun a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape
  • pronate - verb turn the forearm or the hand so that the palm is directed downwards
  • ossicle - noun a small bone; especially one in the middle ear
  • elastin - noun a fibrous scleroprotein found in elastic tissues such as the walls of arteries
  • sacral - adj. of or relating to sacred rites: of or relating to or near the sacrum
  • femoris - noun the longest and thickest bone of the human skeleton; extends from the pelvis to the knee
  • isotonic - adj. of or involving muscular contraction in which tension is constant while length changes: (used of solutions) having the same or equal osmotic pressure: of two or more muscles; having equal tension: relating to or characterized by the equal intervals of a musical scale
  • ganglion - noun an encapsulated neural structure consisting of a collection of cell bodies or neurons
  • tuberosity - noun a protuberance on a bone especially for attachment of a muscle or ligament
  • hamate - noun the wrist bone in line with the 4th and 5th fingers
  • thenar - adj. of or relating to the palm of the hand or to the area at the base of the thumb: noun the fleshy area of the palm at the base of the thumb: the inner surface of the hand from the wrist to the base of the fingers
  • dorsiflexion - noun the act of bending backward (of the body or a body part)
  • amylase - noun any of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants; help convert starch to sugar
  • telophase - noun the final stage of mitosis: the final stage of meiosis when the chromosomes move toward opposite ends of the nuclear spindle
  • lacrimal - adj. relating to or located near the organ that produces tears: of or relating to tears
  • appendicular - adj. relating to or consisting of an appendage or appendages; especially the limbs
  • polypeptide - noun a peptide containing 10 to more than 100 amino acids
  • anuria - noun inability to urinate
  • cementum - noun a specialized bony substance covering the root of a tooth
  • vasoconstriction - noun decrease in the diameter of blood vessels
  • transduction - noun the process whereby a transducer accepts energy in one form and gives back related energy in a different form:(genetics) the process of transfering genetic material from one cell to another by a plasmid or bacteriophage
  • diencephalon - noun the posterior division of the forebrain; connects the cerebral hemispheres with the mesencephalon
  • microtubule - noun a microscopically small tubule
  • phosphatase - noun any of a group of enzymes that act as a catalyst in the hydrolysis of organic phosphates
  • rhombencephalon - noun the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
  • phrenic - adj. of or relating to the diaphragm
  • glucocorticoid - noun a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti-inflammatory activity
  • BMR - noun the rate at which heat is produced by an individual in a resting state
  • immunoglobulin - noun a class of proteins produced in lymph tissue in vertebrates and that function as antibodies in the immune response
  • dural - adj. of or relating to the dura mater
  • extracellular - adj. located or occurring outside a cell or cells
  • synaptic - adj. (neuroscience) of or involving synapses
  • receptor - noun a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response: an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
  • medial - adj. dividing an animal into right and left halves: relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle
  • tibial - adj. relating to or located near a tibia
  • proprioception - noun the ability to sense the position and location and orientation and movement of the body and its parts
  • autolysis - noun lysis of plant or animal tissue by an internal process
  • diarthrosis - noun a joint so articulated as to move freely
  • saccule - noun a small sac or pouch (especially the smaller chamber of the membranous labyrinth)
  • condylar - adj. of or relating to or resembling a condyle
  • summate - verb form or constitute a cumulative effect: determine the sum of
  • abducens - noun a small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye
  • acrosome - noun a process at the anterior end of a sperm cell that produces enzymes to facilitate penetration of the egg
  • blastocoel - noun the fluid-filled cavity inside a blastula
  • bilirubin - noun an orange-yellow pigment in the bile that forms as a product of hemoglobin; excess amounts in the blood produce the yellow appearance observed in jaundice
  • alar - adj. having or resembling wings: of or relating to the axil: nouna chemical sprayed on fruit trees to regulate their growth so the entire crop can be harvested at one time
  • iliac - adj. of or relating to the ilium
  • artery - noun a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic: a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  • bursa - noun a small fluid-filled sac located between movable parts of the body especially at joints: a city in northwestern Turkey
  • catabolism - noun breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
  • gonadal - adj. of or relating to the gonads
  • leukopenia - noun an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count
  • adenosine - noun (biochemistry) a nucleoside that is a structural component of nucleic acids; it is present in all living cells in a combined form as a constituent of DNA and RNA and ADP and ATP and AMP
  • forebrain - noun the anterior portion of the brain; the part of the brain that develops from the anterior part of the neural tube
  • opsin - noun retinal protein formed by the action of light on rhodopsin
  • erythroblastosis - noun a blood disease characterized by the abnormal presence of erythroblasts in the blood
  • oocyte - noun a female gametocyte that develops into an ovum after two meiotic divisions
  • oxyhemoglobin - noun the bright red hemoglobin that is a combination of hemoglobin and oxygen from the lungs
  • adrenocorticotropic - adj. stimulating or acting on the adrenal cortex
  • perineurium - noun the sheath of connective tissue that covers a bundle of nerve fibers
  • biogenic - adj. essential for maintaining the fundamental life processes: produced by living organisms or biological processes
  • hypodermis - noun layer of cells that secretes the chitinous cuticle in e.g. arthropods
  • polycythemia - noun a disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood
  • serosa - noun a thin membrane lining the closed cavities of the body; has two layers with a space between that is filled with serous fluid
  • varicosity - noun varix or varicose condition in which a vein is swollen and tortuous
  • sphenoid - noun butterfly-shaped bone at the base of the skull
  • epithelium - noun membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal surfaces of the body
  • villus - noun a minute hairlike projection on mucous membrane
  • fasciculus - noun a bundle of fibers (especially nerve fibers)
  • papilla - noun a small projection of tissue at the base of a hair or tooth or feather: a small nipple-shaped protuberance concerned with taste, touch, or smell: (botany) a tiny outgrowth on the surface of a petal or leaf
  • ruga - noun (anatomy) a fold or wrinkle or crease
  • apoptosis - noun a type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellular machinery to kill itself; a cell suicide mechanism that enables metazoans to control cell number and eliminate cells that threaten the animal's survival
  • reticulum - noun the second compartment of the stomach of a ruminant: any fine network (especially one in the body composed of cells or blood vessels): a small constellation in the southern hemisphere near Dorado and Hydrus
  • trochlear - noun either of the two cranial nerves on either side that control the superior oblique muscles of the eyes
  • thalassemia - noun an inherited form of anemia caused by faulty synthesis of hemoglobin
  • rhodopsin - noun a red photopigment in the retinal rods of vertebrates; dissociates into retinene by light
  • lysozyme - noun an enzyme found in saliva and sweat and tears that destroys the cell walls of certain bacteria
  • perimysium - noun the sheath of connective tissue that covers a bundle of muscle fibers
  • codon - noun a specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DNA or RNA that provides genetic code information for a particular amino acid
  • calcify - verb convert into lime: turn into lime; become calcified:become impregnated with calcium salts: become inflexible and unchanging
  • ligament - noun any connection or unifying bond: a sheet or band of tough fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages or supporting muscles or organs
  • geniculate - adj. bent at a sharp angle
  • intervertebral - adj. pertaining to the space between two vertebrae
  • splanchnic - adj. relating to or affecting the viscera
  • arachnoid - adj. relating to or resembling a member of the class Arachnida: noun the middle of the 3 meninges: air-breathing arthropods characterized by simple eyes and four pairs of legs
  • antigen - noun any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
  • pectinate - adj. like a comb
  • mesenchyme - noun mesodermal tissue that forms connective tissue and blood and smooth muscles
  • acidosis - noun abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • ferritin - noun a protein containing 20% iron that is found in the intestines and liver and spleen; it is one of the chief forms in which iron is stored in the body
  • ribonuclease - noun a transferase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ribonucleic acid
  • inositol - noun an optically inactive alcohol that is a component of the vitamin B complex
  • synapse - noun the junction between two neurons (axon-to-dendrite) or between a neuron and a muscle
  • intercostal - adj. located or occurring between the ribs: nounmuscles between the ribs; they contract during inspiration
  • metaphase - noun the second stage of mitosis: the second stage of meiosis
  • unipolar - adj. having a single pole
  • prolactin - noun gonadotropic hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary; in females it stimulates growth of the mammary glands and lactation after parturition
  • acetyl - noun the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO-)
  • diuresis - noun increased secretion of urine; if not due to increased liquid intake or to the action of a diuretic drug it can be a symptom of diabetes mellitus
  • scalene - adj. of or relating to any of the scalene muscles: of a triangle having three sides of different lengths
  • mandibular - adj. relating to the lower jaw
  • trigeminal - noun the main sensory nerve of the face and motor nerve for the muscles of mastication
  • glossopharyngeal - adj. pertaining to the tongue and throat
  • disaccharide - noun any of a variety of carbohydrates that yield two monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
  • depolarize - verb eliminate the polarization of
  • pisiform - noun a small wrist bone that articulates only with the triquetral
  • multipotent - adj. able to many things
  • hindbrain - noun the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
  • chemotaxis - noun movement by a cell or organism in reaction to a chemical stimulus
  • subcortical - adj. of or relating to or being or involving nerve centers below the cerebral cortex
  • kinase - noun an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of a proenzyme to an active enzyme
  • gluteus - noun any one of three large skeletal muscles that form the buttock and move the thigh
  • limbic - adj. of or relating to or forming a limbus
  • neuron - noun a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
  • plantar - adj. relating to or occurring on the undersurface of the foot
  • follicle - noun any small spherical group of cells containing a cavity
  • secretin - noun peptic hormone produced by the mucous lining of the small intestine; can stimulate secretion by the pancreas and liver
  • glucagon - noun a hormone secreted by the pancreas; stimulates increases in blood sugar levels in the blood (thus opposing the action of insulin)
  • glomerulus - noun a small intertwined group of capillaries in the malpighian body; it filters the blood during urine formation
  • diapedesis - noun passage of blood cells (especially white blood cells) through intact capillary walls and into the surrounding tissue
  • seminiferous - adj. bearing or producing seed or semen
  • gyrus - noun a convex fold or elevation in the surface of the brain
  • fibroblast - noun a cell from which connective tissue develops
  • nasopharynx - noun cavity forming the upper part of the pharynx
  • putamen - noun the outer reddish part of the lenticular nucleus
  • sinus - noun any of various air-filled cavities especially in the bones of the skull: a wide channel containing blood; does not have the coating of an ordinary blood vessel: an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface
  • anabolism - noun the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
  • hepatic - adj. pertaining to or affecting the liver: noun any of numerous small green nonvascular plants of the class Hepaticopsida growing in wet places and resembling green seaweeds or leafy mosses
  • mesenteric - adj. of or relating to or located in a mesentery
  • corneum - noun the outermost layer of the epidermis consisting of dead cells that slough off
  • menarche - noun the first occurrence of menstruation in a woman
  • dendrite - noun short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
  • IgG - noun one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; the main antibody defense against bacteria
  • plexus - noun a network of intersecting blood vessels or intersecting nerves or intersecting lymph vessels
  • fovea - noun area consisting of a small depression in the retina containing cones and where vision is most acute
  • hypoglossal - noun supplies intrinsic muscles of the tongue and other tongue muscles
  • condyle - noun a round bump on a bone where it forms a joint with another bone
  • levator - noun a muscle that serves to lift some body part (as the eyelid or lip)
  • tibialis - noun either of two skeletal muscle in each leg arising from the tibia; provides for movement of the foot
  • thyroxine - noun hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells
  • soleus - noun a broad flat muscle in the calf of the leg under the gastrocnemius muscle
  • parasympathetic - adj. of or relating to the parasympathetic nervous system: noun originates in the brain stem and lower part of the spinal cord; opposes physiological effects of the sympathetic nervous system: stimulates digestive secretions; slows the heart; constricts the pupils; dilates blood vessels
  • episiotomy - noun surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth
  • anaphylactic - adj. related to the hypersensitivity known as anaphylaxis
  • micturition - noun the discharge of urine
  • axon - noun long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
  • tonsil - noun either of two masses of lymphatic tissue one on each side of the oral pharynx
  • prophase - noun the first stage of mitosis: the first stage of meiosis
  • tomography - noun (medicine) obtaining pictures of the interior of the body
  • intracellular - adj. located or occurring within a cell or cells
  • intercalate - verb insert (days) in a calendar
  • hyperventilation - noun an increased depth and rate of breathing greater than demanded by the body needs; can cause dizziness and tingling of the fingers and toes and chest pain if continued
  • pyrimidine - noun a heterocyclic organic compound with a penetrating odor: any of several basic compounds derived from pyrimidine
  • sphygmomanometer - noun a pressure gauge for measuring blood pressure
  • parathyroid - noun any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland
  • cilium - noun a hairlike projection from the surface of a cell; provides locomotion in free-swimming unicellular organisms: any of the short curved hairs that grow from the edges of the eyelids
  • hyperglycemia - noun abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
  • FSH - noun a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary and stimulates growth of Graafian follicles in female mammals, and activates the cells in male mammals that form sperm
  • globin - noun a colorless protein obtained by removing heme from hemoglobin; the oxygen carrying compound in red blood cells
  • hypotonic - adj. (of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a comparison solution: (of living tissue) lacking normal tone or tension
  • erythrocyte - noun a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the bodily tissues; a biconcave disc that has no nucleus
  • keratin - noun a fibrous scleroprotein that occurs in the outer layer of the skin and in horny tissues such as hair feathers nails and hooves
  • obturator - noun a prosthesis used to close an opening (as to close an opening of the hard palate in cases of cleft palate)
  • IgD - noun one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; present in blood serum in small amounts
  • bedsore - noun a chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it (as in bedridden patients)
  • acetabular - adj. of the cup-shaped socket that receives the head of the thigh bone
  • Snellen - noun Dutch ophthalmologist who introduced the Snellen chart to study visual acuity (1834-1908)
  • adenine - noun (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA
  • anaphase - noun the stage of meiosis or mitosis when chromosomes move toward opposite ends of the nuclear spindle
  • ulnar - adj. relating to or near the ulna
  • duodenal - adj. in or relating to the duodenum
  • erythropoietin - noun a glycoprotein secreted by the kidneys that stimulates the production of red blood cells
  • ethmoid - noun one of the eight bones of the cranium; a small bone filled with air spaces that forms part of the eye sockets and the nasal cavity
  • flexor - noun a skeletal muscle whose contraction bends a joint
  • integumentary - adj. of or relating to the integument
  • gustation - noun the faculty of distinguishing sweet, sour, bitter, and salty properties in the mouth
  • ribosome - noun an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell; they attach to mRNA and move down it one codon at a time and then stop until tRNA brings the required amino acid; when it reaches a stop codon it falls apart and releases the completed protein molecule for use by the cell
  • polyuria - noun renal disorder characterized by the production of large volumes of pale dilute urine; often associated with diabetes
  • mesencephalon - noun the middle portion of the brain
  • hematocrit - noun a measuring instrument to determine (usually by centrifugation) the relative amounts of corpuscles and plasma in the blood: the ratio of the volume occupied by packed red blood cells to the volume of the whole blood as measured by a hematocrit
  • prosencephalon - noun the anterior portion of the brain; the part of the brain that develops from the anterior part of the neural tube
  • surfactant - noun a substance capable of reducing the surface tension of a liquid in which it is dissolved
  • neuroglia - noun sustentacular tissue that surrounds and supports neurons in the central nervous system; glial and neural cells together compose the tissue of the central nervous system
  • supination - noun rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face upward
  • platelet - noun tiny bits of protoplasm found in vertebrate blood; essential for blood clotting
  • polymerase - noun an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of new DNA and RNA from an existing strand of DNA or RNA
  • labium - noun any of the four lip-shaped folds of the female vulva
  • phagocytosis - noun process in which phagocytes engulf and digest microorganisms and cellular debris; an important defense against infection
  • antigenic - adj. of or relating to antigens
  • myocardium - noun the middle muscular layer of the heart wall
  • supinator - noun a muscle (especially in the forearm) that produces or assists in supination
  • ilium - noun the upper and widest of the three bones making up the hipbone: an ancient city in Asia Minor that was the site of the Trojan War
  • triglyceride - noun glyceride occurring naturally in animal and vegetable tissues; it consists of three individual fatty acids bound together in a single large molecule; an important energy source forming much of the fat stored by the body
  • mucosa - noun mucus-secreting membrane lining all body cavities or passages that communicate with the exterior
  • hydrostatic - adj. relating to fluids at rest or to the pressures they exert or transmit
  • pericardial - adj. located around the heart or relating to or affecting the pericardium
  • femoral - adj. of or relating to or near the femur or thigh
  • sensitization - noun (psychology) the process of becoming highly sensitive to specific events or situations (especially emotional events or situations): the state of being sensitive (as to an antigen):rendering an organism sensitive to a serum by a series of injections
  • orthostatic - adj. pertaining to an upright standing posture
  • mucosal - adj. of or relating to mucous membranes
  • gland - noun any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
  • peptide - noun amide combining the amino group of one amino acid with the carboxyl group of another; usually obtained by partial hydrolysis of protein
  • pyloric - adj. relating to or near the pylorus
  • alveolus - noun a tiny sac for holding air in the lungs; formed by the terminal dilation of tiny air passageways: a bony socket in the alveolar ridge that holds a tooth
  • interleukin - noun any of several lymphokines that promote macrophages and killer T cells and B cells and other components of the immune system
  • RNA - noun (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell
  • aponeurosis - noun any of the deeper and thicker fascia that attach muscles to bones; resemble flattened tendons
  • renal - adj. of or relating to the kidneys
  • Babinski - noun extension upward of the toes when the sole of the foot is stroked firmly on the outer side from the heel to the front; normal in infants under the age of two years but a sign of brain or spinal cord injury in older persons
  • biaxial - adj. having two axes
  • diplopia - noun visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects
  • allele - noun either of a pair (or series) of alternative forms of a gene that can occupy the same locus on a particular chromosome and that control the same character
  • adductor - noun a muscle that draws a body part toward the median line
  • ADH - noun hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • pronation - noun rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downward
  • meatus - noun a natural body passageway
  • kyphosis - noun an abnormal backward curve to the vertebral column
  • cerebrovascular - adj. of or relating to the brain and the blood vessels that supply it
  • mRNA - noun the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell
  • calvaria - noun the dome of the skull
  • melanin - noun insoluble pigments that account for the color of e.g. skin and scales and feathers
  • ulna - noun the inner and longer of the two bones of the human forearm
  • diploid - adj. of a cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number: noun (genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number
  • purine - noun a colorless crystalline organic base containing nitrogen; the parent compound of various biologically important substances: any of several bases that are derivatives of purine
  • glial - adj. of or relating to neuroglia
  • spermatid - noun an immature gamete produced by a spermatocyte; develops into a spermatozoon
  • ectodermal - adj. of or relating to the ectoderm
  • sarcolemma - noun an extensible membrane enclosing the contractile substance of a muscle fiber
  • myocardial - adj. of or relating to the myocardium
  • efferent - adj. of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying information away from the CNS: noun a nerve that conveys impulses toward or to muscles or glands
  • sublingual - adj. beneath the tongue
  • ossification - noun hardened conventionality: the developmental process of bone formation: the process of becoming rigidly fixed in a conventional pattern of thought or behavior: the calcification of soft tissue into a bonelike material
  • agonist - noun (biochemistry) a drug that can combine with a receptor on a cell to produce a physiological reaction: a muscle that contracts while another relaxes: someone involved in a contest or battle (as in an agon): the principal character in a work of fiction
  • bicipital - adj. having two heads or points of origin as a biceps
  • endometrium - noun (pregnancy) the mucous membrane that lines the uterus; thickens under hormonal control and (if pregnancy does not occur) is shed in menstruation; if pregnancy occurs it is shed along with the placenta at parturition
  • SCID - noun a congenital disease affecting T cells that can result from a mutation in any one of several different genes; children with it are susceptible to infectious disease; if untreated it is lethal within the first year or two of life
  • creatine - noun an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates both in the free form and as phosphocreatine; supplies energy for muscle contraction
  • anastomosis - noun a natural or surgical joining of parts or branches of tubular structures so as to make or become continuous
  • myeloid - adj. of or relating to bone marrow: of or relating to the spinal cord
  • carpus - noun a joint between the distal end of the radius and the proximal row of carpal bones
  • ramus - noun the posterior part of the mandible that is more or less vertical
  • articular - adj. relating to or affecting the joints of the body
  • bronchus - noun either of the two main branches of the trachea
  • Golgi - noun Italian histologist noted for work on the structure of the nervous system and for his discovery of Golgi bodies (1844-1926)
  • hypoxia - noun a very strong drive resulting from a deficiency of available oxygen in the blood and bodily tissues (short of anoxia)
  • rectus - noun any of various straight muscles
  • sciatic - adj. of or relating to the ischium (or the part of the hipbone containing it): relating to or caused by or afflicted with sciatica
  • carotid - adj. of or relating to either of the two major arteries supplying blood to the head and neck
  • inactivation - noun the process of rendering inactive: breaking up a military unit (by transfers or discharges)
  • dentin - noun bone (calcified tissue) surrounding the pulp cavity of a tooth: a calcareous material harder and denser than bone that comprises the bulk of a tooth
  • posterior - adj. at or near the hind end in quadrupeds or toward the spine in primates: noun a tooth situated at the back of the mouth:the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
  • autonomic - adj. relating to or controlled by the autonomic nervous system
  • scapula - noun either of two flat triangular bones one on each side of the shoulder in human beings
  • lumbar - adj. of or relating to or near the part of the back between the ribs and the hipbones
  • antrum - noun a natural cavity or hollow in a bone
  • capacitance - noun an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored: an electrical device characterized by its capacity to store an electric charge
  • ischemic - adj. relating to or affected by ischemia
  • fascicle - noun an installment of a printed work: a bundle of fibers (especially nerve fibers)
  • areolar - adj. relating to or like or divided into areolae
  • endocardium - noun the membrane that lines the cavities of the heart and forms part of the heart valves
  • sebum - noun the oily secretion of the sebaceous glands; with perspiration it moistens and protects the skin
  • phenotype - noun what an organism looks like as a consequence of the interaction of its genotype and the environment
  • lunate - adj. resembling the new moon in shape
  • esophageal - adj. relating to the esophagus
  • connective - adj. connecting or tending to connect: noun an instrumentality that connects: an uninflected function word that serves to conjoin words or phrases or clauses or sentences
  • anterior - adj. earlier in time: of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body: noun a tooth situated at the front of the mouth
  • convolute - adj. rolled longitudinally upon itself: verb practice sophistry; change the meaning of or be vague about in order to mislead or deceive: curl, wind, or twist together
  • myelin - noun a white fatty substance that forms a medullary sheath around the axis cylinder of some nerve fibers
  • palmar - adj. relating to the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot
  • thrombin - noun an enzyme that acts on fibrinogen in blood causing it to clot
  • pubic - adj. relating or near the pubis
  • aphasia - noun inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
  • hemolytic - adj. relating to or involving or causing hemolysis
  • cisterna - noun a sac or cavity containing fluid especially lymph or cerebrospinal fluid
  • anosmia - noun absence of the sense of smell (as by damage to olfactory nasal tissue or the olfactory nerve or by obstruction of the nasal passages)
  • peristalsis - noun the process of wavelike muscle contractions of the alimentary tract that moves food along
  • olecranon - noun process of the ulna that forms the outer bump of the elbow and fits into the fossa of the humerus when the arm is extended
  • lamina - noun a thin plate or layer (especially of bone or mineral)
  • histamine - noun amine formed from histidine that stimulates gastric secretions and dilates blood vessels; released by the human immune system during allergic reactions
  • coenzyme - noun a small molecule (not a protein but sometimes a vitamin) essential for the activity of some enzymes
  • hypertonic - adj. (of a solution) having a higher osmotic pressure than a comparison solution: (of living tissue) in a state of abnormally high tension
  • osteomalacia - noun abnormal softening of bones caused by deficiencies of phosphorus or calcium or vitamin D
  • tubercle - noun a swelling that is the characteristic lesion of tuberculosis: a protuberance on a bone especially for attachment of a muscle or ligament: small rounded wartlike protuberance on a plant
  • duct - noun an enclosed conduit for a fluid: a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance: a continuous tube formed by a row of elongated cells lacking intervening end walls
  • carcinoma - noun any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer
  • positron - noun an elementary particle with positive charge; interaction of a positron and an electron results in annihilation
  • sagittal - adj. located in a plane that is parallel to the central plane of the sagittal suture
  • motility - noun ability to move spontaneously and independently: a change of position that does not entail a change of location
  • popliteal - adj. of or relating to the area behind the knee joint
  • tunica - noun an enveloping or covering membrane or layer of body tissue
  • meconium - noun thick dark green mucoid material that is the first feces of a newborn child
  • glabella - noun a smooth prominence of the frontal bone between and above the eyebrows; the most forward projecting point of the forehead in the midline at the level of the supraorbital ridges
  • blastocyst - noun the blastula of mammals
  • cranial - adj. of or relating to the cranium which encloses the brain
  • papillary - adj. of or relating to or resembling papilla
  • urogenital - adj. of or relating to the urinary and reproductive systems
  • azygos - adj. occurring singly; not one of a pair
  • occipital - adj. of or relating to the occiput
  • hilum - noun the scar on certain seeds marking its point of attachment to the funicle: (anatomy) a depression or fissure where vessels or nerves or ducts enter a bodily organ
  • neutrophil - noun the chief phagocytic leukocyte; stains with either basic or acid dyes
  • olfaction - noun the faculty that enables us to distinguish scents
  • infundibulum - noun any of various funnel-shaped parts of the body (but especially the hypophyseal stalk)
  • gluteal - adj. of or relating to or near the gluteus muscles
  • premolar - noun a tooth having two cusps or points; located between the incisors and the molars
  • deltoid - adj. of a leaf shape; suggesting a capital delta, with a point at the apex: noun a large triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint and serving to abduct and flex and extend and rotate the arm
  • cardiac - adj. of or relating to the heart
  • supraorbital - adj. located or occurring above the eye socket
  • hematoma - noun a localized swelling filled with blood
  • sclera - noun whitish fibrous membrane (albuginea) that with the cornea forms the outer covering of the eyeball
  • decussate - adj. crossed or intersected in the form of an X: verbcross or intersect so as to form a cross
  • urinalysis - noun (medicine) the chemical analysis of urine (for medical diagnosis)
  • vein - noun one of the horny ribs that stiffen and support the wing of an insect: a blood vessel that carries blood from the capillaries toward the heart: a distinctive style or manner: a layer of ore between layers of rock: any of the vascular bundles or ribs that form the branching framework of conducting and supporting tissues in a leaf or other plant organ: verb make a veinlike pattern
  • septum - noun (anatomy) a dividing partition between two tissues or cavities: a partition or wall especially in an ovary
  • pleural - adj. of or relating to the pleura or the walls of the thorax
  • cuboid - adj. shaped like a cube: noun a rectangular parallelepiped
  • heme - noun a complex red organic pigment containing iron and other atoms to which oxygen binds
  • septal - adj. of or relating to a septum
  • cardiomyopathy - noun a disorder (usually of unknown origin) of the heart muscle (myocardium)
  • genotype - noun the particular alleles at specified loci present in an organism: a group of organisms sharing a specific genetic constitution
  • conduction - noun the transmission of heat or electricity or sound
  • mandible - noun the jaw in vertebrates that is hinged to open the mouth
  • femur - noun the longest and thickest bone of the human skeleton; extends from the pelvis to the knee
  • decussation - noun an intersection or crossing of two tracts in the form of the letter X
  • ischemia - noun local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism
  • ampulla - noun a flask that has two handles; used by Romans for wines or oils: the dilated portion of a canal or duct especially of the semicircular canals of the ear
  • myosin - noun the commonest protein in muscle; a globulin that combines with actin to form actomyosin
  • mitosis - noun cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes
  • perfusion - noun pumping a liquid into an organ or tissue (especially by way of blood vessels)
  • acromegaly - noun enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor)
  • vernix - noun a white cheeselike protective material that covers the skin of a fetus
  • vesicle - noun a small anatomically normal sac or bladderlike structure (especially one containing fluid)
  • macula - noun a yellowish central area of the retina that is rich in cones and that mediates clear detailed vision: a patch of skin that is discolored but not usually elevated; caused by various diseases: a cooler darker spot appearing periodically on the sun's photosphere; associated with a strong magnetic field
  • teres - noun either of two muscles in the shoulder region that move the shoulders and arms
  • flexion - noun act of bending a joint; especially a joint between the bones of a limb so that the angle between them is decreased:deviation from a straight or normal course: the state of being flexed (as of a joint)
  • proximal - adj. situated nearest to point of attachment or origin
  • thoracic - adj. of or relating to the chest or thorax
  • spasticity - noun the quality of moving or acting in spasms
  • naris - noun any of the openings to the nasal cavities that allow air to flow through the cavities to the pharynx
  • lanugo - noun the fine downy hair covering a human fetus; normally shed during the ninth month of gestation
  • cubital - adj. of or relating to the elbow
  • hypoblast - noun the inner germ layer that develops into the lining of the digestive and respiratory systems
  • anabolic - adj. characterized by or promoting constructive metabolism: of or related to the synthetic phase of metabolism
  • reflex - adj. without volition or conscious control: noun an automatic instinctive unlearned reaction to a stimulus
  • interstitial - adj. of or relating to interstices
  • expiratory - adj. of or relating to the breathing out phase of respiration
  • prostaglandin - noun a potent substance that acts like a hormone and is found in many bodily tissues (and especially in semen); produced in response to trauma and may affect blood pressure and metabolism and smooth muscle activity
  • lordosis - noun an abnormal inward (forward) curvature of the vertebral column
  • rhomboid - adj. shaped like a rhombus or rhomboid: noun any of several muscles of the upper back that help move the shoulder blade: a parallelogram with adjacent sides of unequal lengths; an oblique-angled parallelogram with only the opposite sides equal
  • temporalis - noun muscle extending from the temporal fossa to the coronoid process of the mandible; acts to raise the mandible and close the jaws
  • manubrium - noun the upper part of the breastbone
  • petrous - adj. (of bone especially the temporal bone) resembling stone in hardness
  • countercurrent - noun actions counter to the main group activity: a stretch of turbulent water in a river or the sea caused by one current flowing into or across another current
  • fontanelle - noun any membranous gap between the bones of the cranium in an infant or fetus
  • lateral - adj. lying away from the median and sagittal plane of a body: situated at or extending to the side: noun a pass to a receiver upfield from the passer
  • abductor - noun a muscle that draws a body part away from the median line: someone who unlawfully seizes and detains a victim (usually for ransom)
  • periodontal - adj. of or relating to or involving or practicing periodontics
  • renin - noun a proteolytic enzyme secreted by the kidneys; catalyzes the formation of angiotensin and thus affects blood pressure
  • endothelium - noun an epithelium of mesoblastic origin; a thin layer of flattened cells that lines the inside of some body cavities
  • lactase - noun any of a group of enzymes (trade name Lactaid) that hydrolyze lactose to glucose and galactose
  • parietal - adj. of or relating to or associated with the parietal bones in the cranium
  • zygomatic - adj. of or relating to the cheek region of the face: nounthe arch of bone beneath the eye that forms the prominence of the cheek
  • recessive - adj. (of genes) producing its characteristic phenotype only when its allele is identical: of or pertaining to a recession: nounan allele that produces its characteristic phenotype only when its paired allele is identical
  • pectoralis - noun either of two large muscles of the chest
  • capillary - adj. long and slender with a very small internal diameter:of or relating to hair: noun a tube of small internal diameter; holds liquid by capillary action: any of the minute blood vessels connecting arterioles with venules
  • nucleotide - noun a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
  • keloid - noun raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury; results from excessive tissue repair
  • aortic - adj. of or relating to the aorta
  • Purkinje - noun Bohemian physiologist remembered for his discovery of Purkinje cells and the Purkinje network (1787-1869)
  • lunula - noun a crescent-shaped metal ornament of the Bronze Age:the crescent-shaped area at the base of the human fingernail
  • brachial - adj. of or relating to an arm
  • vertebral - adj. of or relating to or constituting vertebrae
  • morula - noun a solid mass of blastomeres that forms when the zygote splits; develops into the blastula
  • contractility - noun the capability or quality of shrinking or contracting, especially by muscle fibers and even some other forms of living matter
  • tensor - noun any of several muscles that cause an attached structure to become tense or firm: a generalization of the concept of a vector
  • scaphoid - adj. shaped like a boat
  • midbrain - noun the middle portion of the brain
  • excitatory - adj. (of drugs e.g.) able to excite or stimulate
  • trapezium - noun the wrist bone on the thumb side of the hand that articulates with the 1st and 2nd metacarpals: a multiple star in the constellation of Orion: a quadrilateral with no parallel sides
  • hormone - noun the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • symphysis - noun a growing together of parts or structures: an abnormal adhesion of two or more structures
  • sigmoid - adj. of or relating to the sigmoid flexure in the large intestine: curved in two directions (like the letter S)
  • cell - noun (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals: a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction: a room where a prisoner is kept: small room is which a monk or nun lives: any small compartment: a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement: a hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver
  • distal - adj. situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone: directed away from the midline or mesial plane of the body
  • pancreatic - adj. of or involving the pancreas
  • exogenous - adj. derived or originating externally
  • capitate - adj. being abruptly enlarged and globose at the tip: nounthe wrist bone with a rounded head shape that articulates with the 3rd metacarpus
  • acetylcholine - noun a neurotransmitter that is a derivative of choline; released at the ends of nerve fibers in the somatic and parasympathetic nervous systems
  • adrenal - adj. of or pertaining to the adrenal glands or their secretions: near the kidneys: noun either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
  • respiratory - adj. pertaining to respiration
  • cation - noun a positively charged ion
  • endothelial - adj. of or relating to or located in the endothelium
  • histone - noun a simple protein containing mainly basic amino acids; present in cell nuclei in association with nucleic acids
  • pollex - noun the thick short innermost digit of the forelimb
  • gigantism - noun excessive largeness of stature: excessive size; usually caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • Wernicke - noun German neurologist best known for his studies of aphasia (1848-1905)
  • diaphysis - noun the main (mid) section of a long bone
  • intima - noun the innermost membrane of an organ (especially the inner lining of an artery or vein or lymphatic vessel)
  • albinism - noun the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
  • conceptus - noun an animal organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation that in higher forms merge into fetal stages but in lower forms terminate in commencement of larval life
  • neural - adj. of or relating to neurons: of or relating to the nervous system
  • ventricular - adj. of or relating to a ventricle (of the heart or brain)
  • spermatogenesis - noun development of spermatozoa
  • placentation - noun arrangement of the ovules in the placenta and of the placentas in the ovary: the formation of the placenta in the uterus
  • caudate - adj. having a tail or taillike appendage: of a leaf shape; tapering gradually into a long taillike tip: noun amphibians that resemble lizards: a tail-shaped basal ganglion located in a lateral ventricle of the brain
  • summation - noun the arithmetic operation of summing; calculating the sum of two or more numbers: a concluding summary (as in presenting a case before a law court): (physiology) the process whereby multiple stimuli can produce a response (in a muscle or nerve or other part) that one stimulus alone does not produce: the final aggregate
  • circumflex - noun a diacritical mark (^) placed above a vowel in some languages to indicate a special phonetic quality
  • trapezius - noun either of two flat triangular muscles of the shoulder and upper back that are involved in moving the shoulders and arms
  • Bartholin - noun Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585-1629)
  • ectopic - adj. exhibiting ectopia
  • hyperplasia - noun abnormal increase in number of cells
  • epididymis - noun a convoluted tubule in each testis; carries sperm to vas deferens
  • membrane - noun a thin pliable sheet of material: a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects organs or cells of animals
  • lymphatic - adj. of or relating to or produced by lymph
  • patellar - adj. near or relating to the patella or kneecap
  • gastrocnemius - noun the muscle in the back part of the leg that forms the greater part of the calf; responsible for the plantar flexion of the foot
  • fibrinogen - noun a protein present in blood plasma; converts to fibrin when blood clots
  • calcaneus - noun the largest tarsal bone; forms the human heel
  • bicuspid - adj. having two cusps or points (especially a molar tooth): noun a tooth having two cusps or points; located between the incisors and the molars
  • epithelial - adj. of or belonging to the epithelium
  • afferent - adj. of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying sensory information from the sense organs to the CNS: noun a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system
  • hydrophobic - adj. abnormally afraid of water: lacking affinity for water; tending to repel and not absorb water; tending not to dissolve in or mix with or be wetted by water
  • capsaicin - noun colorless pungent crystalline compound derived from capsicum; source of the hotness of hot peppers of the genus Capsicum such as chili and cayenne and jalapeno
  • neonatal - adj. relating to or affecting the infant during the first month after birth
  • metabolic - adj. undergoing metamorphosis: of or relating to metabolism
  • hallux - noun the first largest innermost toe
  • embolus - noun an abnormal particle (e.g. an air bubble or part of a clot) circulating in the blood
  • neuromuscular - adj. affecting or characteristic of both neural and muscular tissue
  • epinephrine - noun a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • vascular - adj. of or relating to or having vessels that conduct and circulate fluids
  • endogenous - adj. derived or originating internally: of or resembling an endogen
  • lochia - noun substance discharged from the vagina (cellular debris and mucus and blood) that gradually decreases in amount during the weeks following childbirth
  • homozygous - adj. having identical alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci
  • psoas - noun either of two muscles of the abdomen and pelvis that flex the trunk and rotate the thigh
  • incus - noun the ossicle between the malleus and the stapes
  • corpuscle - noun either of two types of cells (erythrocytes and leukocytes) and sometimes including platelets: (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
  • sternal - adj. of or relating to or near the sternum
  • protraction - noun the act of prolonging something: the consequence of being lengthened in duration
  • cortex - noun the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal: the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
  • ciliary - adj. of or relating to the human eyelash: of or relating to cilia projecting from the surface of a cell: relating to the ciliary body and associated structures of the eye
  • diastolic - adj. of or relating to a diastole or happening during a diastole
  • glycosuria - noun the presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine
  • striation - noun a stripe or stripes of contrasting color: any of a number of tiny parallel grooves such as: the scratches left by a glacier on rocks or the streaks or ridges in muscle tissue
  • ketone - noun any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals
  • humerus - noun bone extending from the shoulder to the elbow
  • celiac - adj. belonging to or prescribed for celiac disease: of or in or belonging to the cavity of the abdomen
  • basilar - adj. of or relating to or located at the base
  • tenia - noun a narrow headband or strip of ribbon worn as a headband
  • vermis - noun the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
  • fenestration - noun surgical procedure that creates a new fenestra to the cochlea in order to restore hearing lost because of osteosclerosis: the arrangement of windows in a building
  • zona - noun (anatomy) any encircling or beltlike structure
  • striatum - noun a striped mass of white and grey matter located in front of the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere; consists of the caudate nucleus and the lenticular nucleus
  • pulmonary - adj. relating to or affecting the lungs
  • suture - noun thread of catgut or silk or wire used by surgeons to stitch tissues together: a seam used in surgery: an immovable joint (especially between the bones of the skull): verb join with a suture
  • extrinsic - adj. not forming an essential part of a thing or arising or originating from the outside
  • serratus - noun any of several muscles of the trunk
  • ECG - noun a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • lingual - adj. pertaining to or resembling or lying near the tongue:consisting of or related to language: noun a consonant that is produced with the tongue and other speech organs
  • trypsin - noun an enzyme of pancreatic origin; catalyzes the hydrolysis of proteins to smaller polypeptide units
  • norepinephrine - noun a catecholamine precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and also released at synapses
  • dorsal - adj. belonging to or on or near the back or upper surface of an animal or organ or part: facing away from the axis of an organ or organism
  • inulin - noun used to manufacture fructose and in assessing kidney function
  • flatus - noun a reflex that expels intestinal gas through the anus
  • adduction - noun (physiology) moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body
  • choroid - noun a highly vascular membrane in the eye between the retina and the sclera
  • cartilage - noun tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults
  • cephalic - adj. of or relating to the head
  • angiogenesis - noun the formation of new blood vessels
  • ischium - noun one of the three sections of the hipbone; situated below the ilium
  • carpal - adj. of or relating to the wrist: noun any of the eight small bones of the wrist of primates
  • parotid - adj. relating to or located near the parotid gland
  • trochanter - noun one of the bony prominences developed near the upper extremity of the femur to which muscles are attached
  • vagus - noun a mixed nerve that supplies the pharynx and larynx and lungs and heart and esophagus and stomach and most of the abdominal viscera
  • pubis - noun one of the three sections of the hipbone; together these two bones form the front of the pelvis
  • enteric - adj. of or relating to the enteron: of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • thrombus - noun a blood clot formed within a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin
  • utricle - noun a small pouch into which the semicircular canals open
  • palatine - adj. of or relating to a palace: of or relating to a count palatine and his royal prerogatives: relating to or lying near the palate: noun either of two irregularly shaped bones that form the back of the hard palate and helps to form the nasal cavity and the floor of the orbits: the most important of the Seven Hills of Rome; supposedly the location of the first settlement and the site of many imperial palaces: (Middle Ages) the lord of a palatinate who exercised sovereign powers over his lands: any of various important officials in ancient Rome
  • pleura - noun the thin serous membrane around the lungs and inner walls of the chest
  • nonspecific - adj. not caused by a specific agent; used also of staining in making microscope slides
  • acclimatization - noun adaptation to a new climate (a new temperature or altitude or environment)
  • hemoglobin - noun a hemoprotein composed of globin and heme that gives red blood cells their characteristic color; function primarily to transport oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues
  • nucleus - noun a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction: any histologically identifiable mass of neural cell bodies in the brain or spinal cord: the positively charged dense center of an atom: (astronomy) the center of the head of a comet; consists of small solid particles of ice and frozen gas that vaporizes on approaching the sun to form the coma and tail: a small group of indispensable persons or things
  • synovial - adj. relating to or secreting synovia
  • gonad - noun a gland in which gametes (sex cells) are produced
  • somatic - adj. affecting or characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit
  • jugular - adj. relating to or located in the region of the neck or throat: noun a vital part that is vulnerable to attack: veins in the neck that return blood from the head
  • IgE - noun one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; present primarily in the skin and mucous membranes
  • masseter - noun a large muscle that raises the lower jaw and is used in chewing
  • eosinophil - noun a leukocyte readily stained with eosin
  • collagen - noun a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue; yields gelatin on boiling
  • tibia - noun the inner and thicker of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle
  • metatarsal - adj. of or relating to the metatarsus: noun any bone of the foot between the ankle and the toes
  • vitiligo - noun an acquired skin disease characterized by patches of unpigmented skin (often surrounded by a heavily pigmented border)
  • dwarfism - noun a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
  • tricuspid - adj. having three cusps or points (especially a molar tooth)
  • hyperthyroidism - noun an overactive thyroid gland; pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones or the condition resulting from excessive production of thyroid hormones
  • tissue - noun part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells having a similar structure and function: a soft thin (usually translucent) paper: verb create a piece of cloth by interlacing strands of fabric, such as wool or cotton
  • colostrum - noun milky fluid secreted for the first day or two after parturition
  • sesamoid - noun any of several small round bones formed in a tendon where it passes over a joint
  • reactant - noun a chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemical reaction
  • anticoagulant - noun medicine that prevents or retards the clotting of blood
  • meniscus - noun (physics) the curved upper surface of a nonturbulent liquid in a vertical tube: (optics) a lens that is concave on one side and convex on the other: (anatomy) a disk of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the ends of bones that meet at a joint
  • CNS - noun the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
  • centrosome - noun small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus; contains the centrioles and serves to organize the microtubules
  • callus - noun (botany) an isolated thickening of tissue, especially a stiff protuberance on the lip of an orchid: bony tissue formed during the healing of a fractured bone: an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot): verb form a callus or calluses: cause a callus to form on
  • cochlear - adj. of or relating to the cochlea of the ear
  • subclavian - adj. situated beneath the clavicle
  • flexure - noun the state of being flexed (as of a joint): act of bending a joint; especially a joint between the bones of a limb so that the angle between them is decreased: an angular or rounded shape made by folding
  • atrial - adj. of or relating to a cavity or chamber in the body (especially one of the upper chambers of the heart)
  • lipid - noun an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates)
  • cecum - noun the cavity in which the large intestine begins and into which the ileum opens
  • pelvic - adj. of or relating to the pelvis
  • convection - noun the transfer of heat through a fluid (liquid or gas) caused by molecular motion: (meteorology) the vertical movement of heat or other properties by massive motion within the atmosphere
  • trimester - noun one of three divisions of an academic year: a period of three months; especially one of the three three-month periods into which human pregnancy is divided
  • ventral - adj. toward or on or near the belly (front of a primate or lower surface of a lower animal): nearest to or facing toward the axis of an organ or organism
  • meninges - noun a membrane (one of 3) that envelops the brain and spinal cord
  • anal - adj. a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated on the anal region; fixation at this stage is said to result in orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, compulsiveness, etc.: of or related to the anus
  • coronary - adj. surrounding like a crown (especially of the blood vessels surrounding the heart): noun obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  • lobule - noun a small lobe or subdivision of a lobe
  • radial - adj. arranged like rays or radii; radiating from a common center: issuing in rays from a common center; relating to rays of light: relating to or moving along or having the direction of a radius:relating to or near the radius: noun pneumatic tire that has radial-ply casing
  • skeletal - adj. of or relating to or forming or attached to a skeleton:very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
  • polymorphism - noun (biology) the existence of two or more forms of individuals within the same animal species (independent of sex differences): (chemistry) the existence of different kinds of crystal of the same chemical compound
  • stapes - noun the stirrup-shaped ossicle that transmits sound from the incus to the cochlea
  • fibula - noun the outer and thinner of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle
  • vertebra - noun one of the bony segments of the spinal column
  • testicular - adj. of or involving the testes
  • cardia - noun the opening into the stomach and that part of the stomach connected to the esophagus
  • adipose - adj. composed of animal fat
  • ventricle - noun a chamber of the heart that receives blood from an atrium and pumps it to the arteries: one of four connected cavities in the brain; is continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord and contains cerebrospinal fluid
  • deglutition - noun the act of swallowing
  • bipolar - adj. having two poles: of, pertaining to, or occurring in both polar regions: of or relating to manic depressive illness
  • immunological - adj. of or relating to immunology
  • clavicle - noun bone linking the scapula and sternum
  • clotting - noun the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • vomer - noun thin trapezoidal bone of the skull forming the posterior and inferior parts of the nasal septum
  • flaccidity - noun a flabby softness
  • PET - adj. preferred above all others and treated with partiality: nouna domesticated animal kept for companionship or amusement: a fit of petulance or sulkiness (especially at what is felt to be a slight):using a computerized radiographic technique to examine the metabolic activity in various tissues (especially in the brain): a special loved one: verb stroke or caress in an erotic manner, as during lovemaking: stroke or caress gently
  • gastric - adj. relating to or involving the stomach
  • lipoprotein - noun a conjugated protein having a lipid component; the principal means for transporting lipids in the blood
  • salivary - adj. of or relating to saliva
  • isometric - adj. of or involving muscular contraction in which tension increases while length remains constant: of a crystal system characterized by three equal axes at right angles: having equal dimensions or measurements: related by an isometry: noun a line connecting isometric points
  • encapsulate - verb put in a short or concise form; reduce in volume:enclose in a capsule or other small container
  • acceptor - noun the person (or institution) who accepts a check or draft and becomes responsible for paying the party named in the draft when it matures: (chemistry) in the formation of a coordinate bond it is the compound to which electrons are donated
  • TSH - noun anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the function of the thyroid gland
  • arcuate - adj. forming or resembling an arch
  • jejunum - noun the part of the small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum
  • beta - adj. preliminary or testing stage of a software or hardware product: second in order of importance: noun the 2nd letter of the Greek alphabet: beets
  • acromion - noun the outermost point of the spine of the shoulder blade
  • somite - noun one of a series of similar body segments into which some animals are divided longitudinally
  • eversion - noun the position of being turned outward: the act of turning inside out
  • basal - adj. of primary importance: serving as or forming a base:especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root-like stem
  • columnar - adj. characterized by columns: having the form of a column
  • osmosis - noun diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from a place of higher concentration to a place of lower concentration until the concentration on both sides is equal
  • perineal - adj. of or relating to the perineum
  • gamete - noun a mature sexual reproductive cell having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
  • endoderm - noun the inner germ layer that develops into the lining of the digestive and respiratory systems
  • aorta - noun the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries
  • gastrulation - noun the process in which a gastrula develops from a blastula by the inward migration of cells
  • venous - adj. of or contained in or performing the function of the veins
  • filtration - noun the act of changing a fluid by passing it through a filter: the process whereby fluids pass through a filter or a filtering medium
  • dermis - noun the deep vascular inner layer of the skin
  • electrocardiogram - noun a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • electrochemical - adj. of or involving electrochemistry
  • minimus - noun the fifth digit; the little finger or little toe
  • edema - noun swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • pacesetter - noun a leading instance in its field: a horse used to set the pace in racing
  • mesoderm - noun the middle germ layer that develops into muscle and bone and cartilage and blood and connective tissue
  • circadian - adj. of or relating to biological processes occurring at 24-hour intervals
  • interferon - noun an antiviral protein produced by cells that have been invaded by a virus; inhibits replication of the virus
  • cavity - noun (anatomy) a natural hollow or sinus within the body:soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth: space that is surrounded by something: a sizeable hole (usually in the ground)
  • lobe - noun a rounded projection that is part of a larger structure:(anatomy) a somewhat rounded subdivision of a bodily organ or part: the enhanced response of an antenna in a given direction as indicated by a loop in its radiation pattern: (botany) a part into which a leaf is divided
  • chorion - noun outermost membranous sac enclosing the embryo in higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  • systolic - adj. of or relating to a systole or happing during a systole
  • olfactory - adj. of or relating to olfaction
  • hypothalamus - noun a basal part of the diencephalon governing autonomic nervous system
  • cortical - adj. of or relating to a cortex
  • areola - noun small circular area such as that around the human nipple or an inflamed area around a pimple or insect bite: small space in a tissue or body part such as the area between veins on a leaf or an insect's wing
  • ACTH - noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • ionic - adj. containing or involving or occurring in the form of ions: of or relating to Ionia or its inhabitants or its language: or or pertaining to the Ionic style of architecture: noun the dialect of Ancient Greek spoken in Ionia
  • chromosome - noun a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
  • incisor - noun a tooth for cutting or gnawing; located in the front of the mouth in both jaws
  • cerebrospinal - adj. of or relating to the brain and spinal cord
  • trapezoid - noun the wrist bone between the trapezium and the capitate bones: a quadrilateral with two parallel sides
  • maxillary - adj. of or relating to the upper jaw: noun the jaw in vertebrates that is fused to the cranium
  • heparin - noun a polysaccharide produced in basophils (especially in the lung and liver) and that inhibits the activity of thrombin in coagulation of the blood; it (trade names Lipo-Hepin and Liquaemin) is used as an anticoagulant in the treatment of thrombosis and in heart surgery
  • nucleolus - noun a small round body of protein in a cell nucleus; such organelles contain RNA and are involved in protein synthesis
  • granulation - noun the act of forming something into granules or grains: new connective tissue and tiny blood vessels that form on the surfaces of a wound during the healing process
  • pacemaker - noun an implanted electronic device that takes over the function of the natural cardiac pacemaker: a specialized bit of heart tissue that controls the heartbeat: a horse used to set the pace in racing: a leading instance in its field
  • reabsorption - noun the organic process in which the substance of some differentiated structure that has been produced by the body undergoes lysis and assimilation
  • visceral - adj. relating to or affecting the viscera: obtained through intuition rather than from reasoning or observation
  • costal - adj. of or relating to or near a rib
  • menses - noun the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause
  • agglutination - noun the building of words from component morphemes that retain their form and meaning in the process of combining: a clumping of bacteria or red cells when held together by antibodies (agglutinins): the coalescing of small particles that are suspended in solution; these larger masses are then (usually) precipitated
  • peduncle - noun a bundle of myelinated neurons joining different parts of the brain: stalk bearing an inflorescence or solitary flower:the thin process of tissue that attaches a polyp to the body
  • acetabulum - noun the cup-shaped hollow in the hipbone into which the head of the femur fits to form a ball-and-socket joint
  • quadriceps - noun a muscle of the thigh that extends the leg
  • Germinal - adj. containing seeds of later development: nounseventh month of the Revolutionary calendar (March and April); the month of buds
  • lactation - noun the production and secretion of milk by the mammary glands: the period following birth during which milk is secreted: feeding an infant by giving suck at the breast
  • photon - noun a quantum of electromagnetic radiation; an elementary particle that is its own antiparticle
  • IgA - noun one of the most common of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; the chief antibody in the membranes of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts
  • necrosis - noun the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)
  • activation - noun making active and effective (as a bomb):stimulation of activity in an organism or chemical: the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • retinal - adj. in or relating to the retina of the eye: noun either of two yellow to red retinal pigments formed from rhodopsin by the action of light
  • scoliosis - noun an abnormal lateral curve to the vertebral column
  • heterozygous - adj. having dissimilar alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci
  • cruciate - adj. shaped like a cross
  • nerve - noun any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body: impudent aggressiveness: the courage to carry on: verb get ready for something difficult or unpleasant
  • isotope - noun one of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with different numbers of neutrons
  • modality - noun a method of therapy that involves physical or electrical therapeutic treatment: a particular sense: a classification of propositions on the basis of whether they claim necessity or possibility or impossibility: verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker
  • amnion - noun thin innermost membranous sac enclosing the developing embryo of higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  • fundus - noun (anatomy) the base of a hollow organ or that part of the organ farthest from its opening
  • splenic - adj. of or relating to the spleen
  • ATP - noun a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
  • cervical - adj. relating to or associated with the neck: of or relating to the cervix of the uterus
  • cauda - noun any taillike structure
  • oculus - noun the organ of sight
  • muscle - noun authority or power or force (especially when used in a coercive way): animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells: one of the contractile organs of the body:possessing muscular strength: a bully employed as a thug or bodyguard: verb make one's way by force
  • orthopedist - noun a specialist in correcting deformities of the skeletal system (especially in children)
  • vasomotor - adj. relating to the nerves and muscles that cause the blood vessels to constrict or dilate
  • permeability - noun the property of something that can be pervaded by a liquid (as by osmosis or diffusion)
  • Calorie - noun unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure: a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree at one atmosphere pressure; used by nutritionists to characterize the energy-producing potential in food
  • cytoplasm - noun the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism
  • CVA - noun a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
  • fiber - noun a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth: a slender and greatly elongated solid substance: the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions
  • pedicle - noun a small stalk bearing a single flower of an inflorescence; an ultimate division of a common peduncle
  • cystic - adj. of or relating to or resembling a cyst: of or relating to a normal cyst (as the gallbladder or urinary bladder)
  • axillary - adj. of or relating to the armpit: of or relating to the axil
  • colloidal - adj. of or relating to or having the properties of a colloid
  • hippocampus - noun seahorses: a complex neural structure (shaped like a sea horse) consisting of grey matter and located on the floor of each lateral ventricle; intimately involved in motivation and emotion as part of the limbic system; has a central role in the formation of memories
  • immunodeficiency - noun immunological disorder in which some part of the body's immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced
  • apical - adj. situated at an apex
  • notch - noun a small cut: a V-shaped or U-shaped indentation carved or scratched into a surface: a V-shaped indentation: the location in a range of mountains of a geological formation that is lower than the surrounding peaks: verb notch a surface to record something: cut or make a notch into
  • zygote - noun the cell resulting from the union of an ovum and a spermatozoon (including the organism that develops from that cell)
  • defecation - noun the elimination of fecal waste through the anus
  • aerobic - adj. depending on free oxygen or air: based on or using the principles of aerobics; enhancing respiratory and circulatory efficiency
  • metastasis - noun the spreading of a disease to another part of the body: the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
  • stratified - adj. deposited or arranged in horizontal layers: (used of society) socially hierarchical: arranged in a sequence of grades or ranks
  • theca - noun outer sheath of the pupa of certain insects: a case or sheath especially a pollen sac or moss capsule
  • melatonin - noun hormone secreted by the pineal gland
  • corneal - adj. of or related to the cornea
  • bone - adj. consisting of or made up of bone: noun a shade of white the color of bleached bones: rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates: the porous calcified substance from which bones are made: verb remove the bones from: study intensively, as before an exam
  • bronchial - adj. relating to or associated with the bronchi
  • neurotransmitter - noun transmits nerve impulses across a synapse
  • ileum - noun the part of the small intestine between the jejunum and the cecum
  • gallbladder - noun a muscular sac attached to the liver that secretes bile and stores it until needed for digestion
  • cortisol - noun an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • conductive - adj. having the quality or power of conducting heat or electricity or sound; exhibiting conductivity
  • neutralization - noun action intended to nullify the effects of some previous action: action intended to keep a country politically neutral or exclude it from a possible war: (euphemism) the removal of a threat by killing or destroying it (especially in a covert operation or military operation): a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base interact with the formation of a salt; with strong acids and bases the essential reaction is the combination of hydrogen ions with hydroxyl ions to form water
  • anion - noun a negatively charged ion
  • frontal - adj. belonging to the front part: of or adjacent to the forehead or frontal bone: meeting front to front: of or relating to the front of an advancing mass of air: noun a drapery that covers the front of an altar: the face or front of a building: an adornment worn on the forehead
  • sensory - adj. involving or derived from the senses: of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system: relating to or concerned in sensation
  • exam - noun a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge
  • pituitary - adj. of or relating to the pituitary gland: having abnormal size with overgrown extremities resulting from abnormal pituitary secretion: noun the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
  • localization - noun a determination of the place where something is:(physiology) the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body
  • flavin - noun a ketone that forms the nucleus of certain natural yellow pigments like riboflavin
  • thalamus - noun large egg-shaped structures of grey matter that form the dorsal subdivision of the diencephalon
  • osmotic - adj. of or relating to osmosis
  • homunculus - noun a tiny fully formed individual that (according to the discredited theory of preformation) is supposed to be present in the sperm cell: a person who is very small but who is not otherwise deformed or abnormal
  • concha - noun (anatomy) a structure that resembles a shell in shape
  • umbilical - adj. relating to or resembling the umbilicus: nounmembranous duct connecting the fetus with the placenta
  • colon - noun the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum; it extracts moisture from food residues before they are excreted: a punctuation mark (:) used after a word introducing a series or an example or an explanation (or after the salutation of a business letter): a port city at the Caribbean entrance to the Panama Canal: the basic unit of money in Costa Rica; equal to 100 centimos:the basic unit of money in El Salvador; equal to 100 centavos
  • amniotic - adj. of or related to the amnion or characterized by developing an amnion
  • pharyngeal - adj. of or relating to the throat: noun a consonant articulated in the back of the mouth or throat
  • epiphysis - noun the end of a long bone; initially separated from the main bone by a layer of cartilage that eventually ossifies so the parts become fused: a small endocrine gland in the brain; situated beneath the back part of the corpus callosum; secretes melatonin
  • sepsis - noun the presence of pus-forming bacteria or their toxins in the blood or tissues
  • allantois - noun vascular fetal membrane that develops from the hindgut in embryonic higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  • chyme - noun a semiliquid mass of partially digested food that passes from the stomach through the pyloric sphincter into the duodenum
  • lacteal - adj. relating to or consisting of or producing or resembling milk: noun any of the lymphatic vessels that convey chyle from the small intestine to the thoracic duct
  • optic - adj. relating to or using sight: of or relating to or resembling the eye: noun the organ of sight
  • sacrum - noun wedge-shaped bone consisting of five fused vertebrae forming the posterior part of the pelvis; its base connects with the lowest lumbar vertebra and its tip with the coccyx
  • albumin - noun a simple water-soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids
  • hymen - noun a fold of tissue that partly covers the entrance to the vagina of a virgin: (Greek mythology) the god of marriage
  • rectal - adj. of or involving the rectum
  • rib - noun support resembling the rib of an animal: a projecting molding on the underside of a vault or ceiling; may be ornamental or structural: a riblike supporting or strengthening part of an animal or plant: any of the 12 pairs of curved arches of bone extending from the spine to or toward the sternum in humans (and similar bones in most vertebrates): a teasing remark: cut of meat including one or more ribs: verb form vertical ribs by knitting: subject to laughter or ridicule
  • lymphoma - noun a neoplasm of lymph tissue that is usually malignant; one of the four major types of cancer
  • tympani - noun a large hemispherical brass or copper percussion instrument with a drumhead that can be tuned by adjusting the tension on it
  • systemic - adj. affecting an entire system
  • adaptive - adj. having a capacity for adaptation
  • alkaloid - noun natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
  • peripheral - adj. on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary; the outer area: related to the key issue but not of central importance: noun (computer science) electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer
  • dextrin - noun any of various polysaccharides obtained by hydrolysis of starch; a tasteless and odorless gummy substance that is used as a thickening agent and in adhesives and in dietary supplements
  • reposition - noun depositing in a warehouse: verb place into another position: change place or direction
  • endocrine - adj. of or belonging to endocrine glands or their secretions: noun any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream: the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • joint - adj. involving both houses of a legislature: united or combined: affecting or involving two or more: noun marijuana leaves rolled into a cigarette for smoking: junction by which parts or objects are joined together: a disreputable place of entertainment:(anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion): a piece of meat roasted or for roasting and of a size for slicing into more than one portion: the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made: verb separate (meat) at the joint: fasten with a joint: provide with a joint: fit as if by joints
  • testis - noun one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • tendinous - adj. consisting of tendons or resembling a tendon
  • colloid - noun a mixture with properties between those of a solution and fine suspension
  • hypertrophy - noun abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ:verb undergo hypertrophy
  • reactive - adj. participating readily in reactions: tending to react to a stimulus
  • hemophilia - noun congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding; usually affects males and is transmitted from mother to son
  • metabolism - noun the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life: the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
  • progesterone - noun a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo-Lutin) produced in the ovary; prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy
  • thymus - noun large genus of Old World mints: thyme: a ductless glandular organ at the base of the neck that produces lymphocytes and aids in producing immunity; atrophies with age
  • antibody - noun any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response
  • plasma - noun colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing no cells and in which erythrocytes and leukocytes and platelets are suspended: (physical chemistry) a fourth state of matter distinct from solid or liquid or gas and present in stars and fusion reactors; a gas becomes a plasma when it is heated until the atoms lose all their electrons, leaving a highly electrified collection of nuclei and free electrons: a green slightly translucent variety of chalcedony used as a gemstone
  • exon - noun sequence of a gene's DNA that transcribes into protein structures
  • parenchyma - noun animal tissue that constitutes the essential part of an organ as contrasted with e.g. connective tissue and blood vessels: the primary tissue of higher plants composed of thin-walled cells that remain capable of cell division even when mature; constitutes the greater part of leaves, roots, the pulp of fruits, and the pith of stems
  • globulin - noun a family of proteins found in blood and milk and muscle and in plant seed
  • segmentation - noun the act of dividing or partitioning; separation by the creation of a boundary that divides or keeps apart:(embryology) the repeated division of a fertilised ovum
  • protuberance - noun the condition of being protuberant; the condition of bulging out: something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings
  • afterbirth - noun the placenta and fetal membranes that are expelled from the uterus after the baby is born
  • cochlea - noun the snail-shaped tube (in the inner ear coiled around the modiolus) where sound vibrations are converted into nerve impulses by the organ of Corti
  • ovarian - adj. of or involving the ovaries
  • fimbria - noun thin projections forming a fringe (especially around the ovarian end of the Fallopian tube)
  • suspensory - noun a bandage of elastic fabric applied to uplift a dependant part (as the scrotum or a pendulous breast)
  • compartment - noun a partitioned section or separate room within a larger enclosed area: a small space or subdivision for storage
  • coccyx - noun the end of the vertebral column in humans and tailless apes
  • Romberg - noun United States composer (born in Hungary) who composed operettas (1887-1951)
  • pylorus - noun a small circular opening between the stomach and the duodenum
  • systole - noun the contraction of the chambers of the heart (especially the ventricles) to drive blood into the aorta and pulmonary artery
  • absorptive - adj. having power or capacity or tendency to absorb or soak up something (liquids or energy etc.)
  • contraction - noun the act of decreasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope: (physiology) a shortening or tensing of a part or organ (especially of a muscle or muscle fiber): a word formed from two or more words by omitting or combining some sounds: the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together
  • spermatocyte - noun a male gametocyte that develops into four spermatids
  • axial - adj. situated on or along or in the direction of an axis: of or relating to or resembling an axis of rotation: relating to or attached to the axis
  • cerebral - adj. involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct:of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • prefrontal - adj. anterior to a frontal structure
  • fascia - noun a sheet or band of fibrous connective tissue separating or binding together muscles and organs etc
  • acoustic - adj. of or relating to the science of acoustics: noun a remedy for hearing loss or deafness
  • deletion - noun the act of deleting something written or printed: the omission that is made when an editorial change shortens a written passage: (genetics) the loss or absence of one or more nucleotides from a chromosome: any process whereby sounds are left out of spoken words or phrases
  • valve - noun control consisting of a mechanical device for controlling the flow of a fluid: device in a brass wind instrument for varying the length of the air column to alter the pitch of a tone: a structure in a hollow organ (like the heart) with a flap to insure one-way flow of fluid through it
  • acne - noun an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin; characterized by papules or pustules or comedones
  • triceps - noun any skeletal muscle having three origins (but especially the triceps brachii)
  • implantation - noun a surgical procedure that places something in the human body: the act of planting or setting in the ground:(embryology) the organic process whereby a fertilized egg becomes implanted in the lining of the uterus of placental mammals
  • secretory - adj. of or relating to or producing a secretion
  • spermatic - adj. consisting of or resembling spermatozoa
  • vena - noun a blood vessel that carries blood from the capillaries toward the heart
  • conjunctiva - noun a transparent membrane covering the eyeball and under surface of the eyelid
  • diastole - noun the widening of the chambers of the heart between two contractions when the chambers fill with blood
  • semilunar - adj. resembling the new moon in shape
  • hyaline - adj. resembling glass in transparency or translucency:noun a glassy translucent material that occurs in hyaline cartilage or in certain skin conditions
  • forearm - noun the part of the superior limb between the elbow and the wrist: verb arm in advance of a confrontation
  • glycogen - noun one form in which body fuel is stored; stored primarily in the liver and broken down into glucose when needed by the body
  • fusiform - adj. tapering at each end
  • osteoporosis - noun abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women
  • gustatory - adj. of or relating to gustation
  • perineum - noun the general region between the anus and the genital organs
  • patella - noun type genus of the family Patellidae: common European limpets: a small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that protects the knee joint
  • amygdala - noun an almond-shaped neural structure in the anterior part of the temporal lobe of the cerebrum; intimately connected with the hypothalamus and the hippocampus and the cingulate gyrus; as part of the limbic system it plays an important role in motivation and emotional behavior
  • soma - noun personification of a sacred intoxicating drink used in Vedic ritual: leafless East Indian vine; its sour milky juice formerly used to make an intoxicating drink: alternative names for the body of a human being
  • goiter - noun abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
  • shunt - noun implant consisting of a tube made of plastic or rubber; for draining fluids within the body: a conductor having low resistance in parallel with another device to divert a fraction of the current: a passage by which a bodily fluid (especially blood) is diverted from one channel to another: verb transfer to another track, of trains:provide with or divert by means of an electrical shunt
  • malleus - noun the ossicle attached to the eardrum
  • ectoderm - noun the outer germ layer that develops into skin and nervous tissue
  • serous - adj. of or producing or containing serum
  • segmental - adj. divided or organized into speech segments or isolable speech sounds: having the body divided into successive metameres or segments, as in earthworms or lobsters
  • substrate - noun an indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population: any stratum or layer lying underneath another: a surface on which an organism grows or is attached: the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
  • ophthalmic - adj. of or relating to ophthalmology: of or relating to the eye
  • sac - noun a structure resembling a bag in an animal: a member of the Algonquian people formerly living in Wisconsin in the Fox River valley and on the shores of Green Bay: a case or sheath especially a pollen sac or moss capsule: an enclosed space
  • nodule - noun a small node: (mineralogy) a small rounded lump of mineral substance (usually harder than the surrounding rock or sediment): small rounded wartlike protuberance on a plant
  • amnesia - noun partial or total loss of memory
  • oxidation - noun the process of oxidizing; the addition of oxygen to a compound with a loss of electrons; always occurs accompanied by reduction
  • enzyme - noun any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
  • inguinal - adj. of or relating to or near the groin
  • mediated - adj. acting or brought about through an intervening agency
  • tendon - noun a cord or band of inelastic tissue connecting a muscle with its bony attachment
  • notochord - noun a flexible rodlike structure that forms the supporting axis of the body in the lowest chordates and lowest vertebrates and in embryos of higher vertebrates
  • ataxia - noun inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
  • cuneiform - adj. of or relating to the tarsal bones (or other wedge-shaped bones): shaped like a wedge: noun an ancient wedge-shaped script used in Mesopotamia and Persia
  • salivation - noun the secretion of saliva
  • talus - noun a sloping mass of loose rocks at the base of a cliff: the bone in the ankle that articulates with the leg bones to form the ankle joint
  • responsiveness - noun the quality of being responsive; reacting quickly; as a quality of people, it involves responding with emotion to people and events: responsive to stimulation
  • hemorrhagic - adj. of or relating to a hemorrhage
  • protein - noun any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes
  • hyoid - adj. of or relating to the hyoid bone: noun a U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue that supports the tongue muscles
  • maxilla - noun the jaw in vertebrates that is fused to the cranium
  • dermal - adj. of or relating to or located in the dermis: relating to or existing on or affecting the skin: of or relating to a cuticle or cuticula
  • inhibitory - adj. restrictive of action
  • mucous - adj. of or secreting or covered with or resembling mucus
  • lacuna - noun a blank gap or missing part: an ornamental sunken panel in a ceiling or dome
  • medulla - noun the inner part of an organ or structure in plant or animal: lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata): a white fatty substance that forms a medullary sheath around the axis cylinder of some nerve fibers
  • gradient - noun the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the horizontal: a graded change in the magnitude of some physical quantity or dimension
  • flagellum - noun a lash-like appendage used for locomotion (e.g., in sperm cells and some bacteria and protozoa): a whip used to inflict punishment (often used for pedantic humor)
  • spinous - adj. having spines: shaped like a spine or thorn
  • tympanic - adj. associated with the eardrum: resembling a drum
  • electron - noun an elementary particle with negative charge
  • bile - noun a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
  • Broca - noun French anthropologist who studied the craniums and brains of different races of people; remembered for his discovery that articulate speech depends on an area of the brain now known as Broca's area (1824-1880)
  • nasal - adj. sounding as if the nose were pinched: of or in or relating to the nose: noun an elongated rectangular bone that forms the bridge of the nose: a consonant produced through the nose with the mouth closed
  • arterial - adj. of or involving or contained in the arteries
  • histology - noun the branch of biology that studies the microscopic structure of animal or plant tissues
  • tract - noun a system of body parts that together serve some particular purpose: a brief treatise on a subject of interest; published in the form of a booklet: an extended area of land: a bundle of myelinated nerve fibers following a path through the brain
  • oxytocin - noun hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitocin); stimulates contractions of the uterus and ejection of milk
  • epiglottis - noun a flap of cartilage that covers the windpipe while swallowing
  • Bohr - noun Danish physicist who studied atomic structure and radiations; the Bohr theory of the atom accounted for the spectrum of hydrogen (1885-1962)
  • mitral - adj. of or relating to or located in or near the mitral valve:relating to or resembling the miter worn by some clerics
  • nigra - noun (ethnic slur) extremely offensive name for a Black person
  • ovulation - noun the expulsion of an ovum from the ovary (usually midway in the menstrual cycle)
  • residual - adj. relating to or indicating a remainder: noun (often plural) a payment that is made to a performer or writer or director of a television show or commercial that is paid for every repeat showing: something left after other parts have been taken away
  • acuity - noun sharpness of vision; the visual ability to resolve fine detail (usually measured by a Snellen chart): a quick and penetrating intelligence
  • gnosis - noun intuitive knowledge of spiritual truths; said to have been possessed by ancient Gnostics
  • mastoid - adj. relating to or resembling a nipple: of or relating to or in the region of the mastoid process: noun process of the temporal bone behind the ear at the base of the skull
  • respiration - noun the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic molecules; processes that take place in the cells and tissues during which energy is released and carbon dioxide is produced and absorbed by the blood to be transported to the lungs: a single complete act of breathing in and out: the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation
  • eczema - noun generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin; particularly with vesiculation in the acute stages
  • facet - noun a smooth surface (as of a bone or cut gemstone): a distinct feature or element in a problem
  • paresis - noun a slight or partial paralysis
  • obstructive - adj. preventing movement
  • urethra - noun duct through which urine is discharged in most mammals and which serves as the male genital duct
  • sebaceous - adj. containing an unusual amount of grease or oil
  • longitudinal - adj. over an extended time: running lengthwise: of or relating to lines of longitude
  • fertilization - noun making fertile as by applying fertilizer or manure:creation by the physical union of male and female gametes; of sperm and ova in an animal or pollen and ovule in a plant
  • clot - noun a lump of material formed from the content of a liquid:verb change from a liquid to a thickened or solid state: cause to change from a liquid to a solid or thickened state: coalesce or unite in a mass: turn into curds
  • metacarpal - adj. of or relating to the metacarpus: noun any bone of the hand between the wrist and fingers
  • tarsal - adj. of or relating to or near the tarsus of the foot: noun any bone of the tarsus
  • convoluted - adj. rolled or coiled together: highly complex or intricate
  • fibrillation - noun act or process of forming fibrils: muscular twitching involving individual muscle fibers acting without coordination
  • fibrosis - noun development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ
  • spinal - adj. of or relating to the spine or spinal cord: nounanesthesia of the lower half of the body; caused by injury to the spinal cord or by injecting an anesthetic beneath the arachnoid membrane that surrounds the spinal cord
  • molar - adj. pertaining to large units of behavior: containing one mole of a substance: designating a solution containing one mole of solute per liter of solution: of or pertaining to the grinding teeth in the back of a mammal's mouth: noun grinding tooth with a broad crown; located behind the premolars
  • radius - noun the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere: the outer and slightly shorter of the two bones of the human forearm: a circular region whose area is indicated by the length of its radius: a straight line from the center to the perimeter of a circle (or from the center to the surface of a sphere): support consisting of a radial member of a wheel joining the hub to the rim
  • Schwann - noun German physiologist and histologist who in 1838 and 1839 identified the cell as the basic structure of plant and animal tissue (1810-1882)
  • pineal - adj. having the form of a pine cone: relating to the pineal body
  • ingestion - noun the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
  • navicular - adj. shaped like a boat: noun the largest wrist bone on the thumb side
  • convergent - adj. tending to come together from different directions
  • transverse - adj. extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis
  • pelvis - noun a structure shaped like a funnel in the outlet of the kidney into which urine is discharged before passing into the ureter:the structure of the vertebrate skeleton supporting the lower limbs in humans and the hind limbs or corresponding parts in other vertebrates
  • phase - noun (astronomy) the particular appearance of a body's state of illumination (especially one of the recurring shapes of the part of Earth's moon that is illuminated by the sun): (physical chemistry) a distinct state of matter in a system; matter that is identical in chemical composition and physical state and separated from other material by the phase boundary: a particular point in the time of a cycle; measured from some arbitrary zero and expressed as an angle: any distinct time period in a sequence of events: verbadjust so as to be in a synchronized condition: arrange in phases or stages
  • placenta - noun the vascular structure in the uterus of most mammals providing oxygen and nutrients for and transferring wastes from the developing fetus: that part of the ovary of a flowering plant where the ovules form
  • ACE - adj. of the highest quality: noun a serve that the receiver is unable to reach: one of four playing cards in a deck having a single pip on its face: someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field: a major strategic headquarters of NATO; safeguards an area extending from Norway to Turkey: verb serve an ace against (someone): play (a hole) in one stroke: score an ace against:succeed at easily
  • median - adj. relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle: relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values): dividing an animal into right and left halves: nounthe value below which 50% of the cases fall
  • sartorius - noun a muscle in the thigh that helps to rotate the leg into the sitting position assumed by a tailor; the longest muscle in the human body
  • pedicel - noun a small stalk bearing a single flower of an inflorescence; an ultimate division of a common peduncle
  • labial - adj. relating to or near the female labium: of or relating to the lips of the mouth: noun a consonant whose articulation involves movement of the lips
  • periosteum - noun a dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones (except at their extremities) and serving as an attachment for tendons and muscles; contains nerves and blood vessels that nourish the enclosed bone
  • fibrin - noun a white insoluble fibrous protein formed by the action of thrombin on fibrinogen when blood clots; it forms a network that traps red cells and platelets
  • replication - noun the repetition of an experiment in order to test the validity of its conclusion: (law) a pleading made by a plaintiff in reply to the defendant's plea or answer: (genetics) the process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division: the act of making copies: copy that is not the original; something that has been copied: the persistence of a sound after its source has stopped: a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one)
  • pepsin - noun an enzyme produced in the stomach that splits proteins into peptones
  • secretion - noun a functionally specialized substance (especially one that is not a waste) released from a gland or cell: the organic process of synthesizing and releasing some substance
  • lymph - noun a thin coagulable fluid (similar to plasma but) containing white blood cells (lymphocytes) and chyle; is conveyed to the blood stream by lymphatic vessels
  • fauces - noun the passage between the back of the mouth and the pharynx
  • multiplier - noun the number by which a multiplicand is multiplied
  • urinary - adj. of or relating to the function or production or secretion of urine: of or relating to the urinary system of the body
  • cervix - noun necklike opening to the uterus: the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body
  • molecule - noun (physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound: (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
  • stratum - noun one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another (such as a layer of tissue or cells in an organism or a layer of sedimentary rock): an abstract place usually conceived as having depth
  • Meissner - noun German physicist (1882-1974): German anatomist (1829-1905)
  • praxis - noun translating an idea into action
  • insulin - noun hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas; regulates storage of glycogen in the liver and accelerates oxidation of sugar in cells
  • perforate - adj. having a hole cut through: verb pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance: make a hole into or between, as for ease of separation
  • ejection - noun the act of forcing out someone or something: the act of expelling or projecting or ejecting
  • mammary - adj. of or relating to the milk-giving gland of the female
  • filament - noun a thin wire (usually tungsten) that is heated white hot by the passage of an electric current: a threadlike structure (as a chainlike series of cells): the stalk of a stamen: a very slender natural or synthetic fiber
  • contractile - adj. capable of contracting or being contracted
  • collateral - adj. descended from a common ancestor but through different lines: situated or running side by side: accompany, concomitant: serving to support or corroborate: noun a security pledged for the repayment of a loan
  • fluid - adj. subject to change; variable: affording change (especially in social status): in cash or easily convertible to cash: characteristic of a fluid; capable of flowing and easily changing shape: smooth and unconstrained in movement: noun a continuous amorphous substance that tends to flow and to conform to the outline of its container: a liquid or a gas: a substance that is fluid at room temperature and pressure
  • biceps - noun any skeletal muscle having two origins (but especially the muscle that flexes the forearm)
  • dilation - noun the act of expanding an aperture: a lengthy discussion (spoken or written) on a particular topic
  • marrow - noun the fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones: large elongated squash with creamy to deep green skins: very tender and very nutritious tissue from marrowbones: any of various squash plants grown for their elongated fruit with smooth dark green skin and whitish flesh: the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  • spatial - adj. pertaining to or involving or having the nature of space
  • MRI - noun the use of nuclear magnetic resonance of protons to produce proton density images
  • thyroid - adj. suggestive of a thyroid disorder: of or relating to the thyroid gland: noun located near the base of the neck
  • glans - noun a small rounded structure; especially that at the end of the penis or clitoris
  • fissure - noun (anatomy) a long narrow slit or groove that divides an organ into lobes: a long narrow opening: a long narrow depression in a surface: verb break into fissures or fine cracks
  • pericardium - noun a serous membrane with two layers that surrounds the heart
  • chromatin - noun the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA and various proteins; during mitotic division it condenses into chromosomes
  • bolus - noun a large pill; used especially in veterinary medicine: a small round soft mass (as of chewed food)
  • dorsum - noun the back of the body of a vertebrate or any analogous surface (as the upper or outer surface of an organ or appendage or part): the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine
  • biopsy - noun examination of tissues or liquids from the living body to determine the existence or cause of a disease
  • index - noun the finger next to the thumb: an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed: a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time: a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number: a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself: verb adjust through indexation: provide with an index: list in an index
  • conjugate - adj. of an organic compound; containing two or more double bonds each separated from the other by a single bond:formed by the union of two compounds: of a pinnate leaflet; having only one pair of leaflets: joined together especially in a pair or pairs:noun a mixture of two partially miscible liquids A and B produces two conjugate solutions: one of A in B and another of B in A: verb unite chemically so that the product is easily broken down into the original compounds: undergo conjugation: add inflections showing person, number, gender, tense, aspect, etc.
  • NAD - noun a coenzyme present in most living cells and derived from the B vitamin nicotinic acid; serves as a reductant in various metabolic processes
  • node - noun (computer science) any computer that is hooked up to a computer network: any bulge or swelling of an anatomical structure or part: (astronomy) a point where an orbit crosses a plane: (physics) the point of minimum displacement in a periodic system: any thickened enlargement: a connecting point at which several lines come together: the source of lymph and lymphocytes
  • intramural - adj. carried on within the bounds of an institution or community
  • anatomical - adj. of or relating to the structure of the body: of or relating to the branch of morphology that studies the structure of organisms: noun an expression that relates to anatomy
  • laryngeal - adj. of or relating to or situated in the larynx
  • peritoneum - noun a transparent membrane that lines the abdominal cavity in mammals and covers most of the viscera
  • matrix - noun mold used in the production of phonograph records, type, or other relief surface: the formative tissue at the base of a nail: the body substance in which tissue cells are embedded: a rectangular array of elements (or entries) set out by rows and columns: an enclosure within which something originates or develops (from the Latin for womb)
  • citric - adj. of or related to citric acid
  • cuticle - noun the dead skin at the base of a fingernail or toenail:hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtles: the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates
  • nutrient - adj. of or providing nourishment: noun any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
  • inferior - adj. of or characteristic of low rank or importance: of low or inferior quality: having an orbit between the sun and the Earth's orbit: lower than a given reference point: inferior in rank or status:falling short of some prescribed norm: written or printed below and to one side of another character: noun one of lesser rank or station or quality: a character or symbol set or printed or written beneath or slightly below and to the side of another character
  • TLC - noun considerate and solicitous care
  • glottis - noun the vocal apparatus of the larynx; the true vocal folds and the space between them where the voice tone is generated
  • pathway - noun a trodden path: a bundle of myelinated nerve fibers following a path through the brain
  • determinant - adj. having the power or quality of deciding: noun a determining or causal element or factor: a square matrix used to solve simultaneous equations: the site on the surface of an antigen molecule to which an antibody attaches itself
  • granular - adj. having a granular structure like that of chondrites:composed of or covered with particles resembling meal in texture or consistency
  • hick - adj. awkwardly simple and provincial: noun not very intelligent or interested in culture
  • anemia - noun genus of terrestrial or lithophytic ferns having pinnatifid fronds; chiefly of tropical America: a deficiency of red blood cells: a lack of vitality
  • coagulation - noun the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • leukemia - noun malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes; one of the four major types of cancer
  • feedback - noun response to an inquiry or experiment: the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input in order to regulate its further output
  • maturation - noun coming to full development; becoming mature:(medicine) the formation of morbific matter in an abscess or a vesicle and the discharge of pus: (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • proton - noun a stable particle with positive charge equal to the negative charge of an electron
  • abduct - verb pull away from the body: take away to an undisclosed location against their will and usually in order to extract a ransom
  • diuretic - noun any substance that tends to increase the flow of urine
  • dehydration - noun the process of extracting moisture: depletion of bodily fluids: dryness resulting from the removal of water
  • deciduous - adj. (of plants and shrubs) shedding foliage at the end of the growing season: (of teeth, antlers, etc.) being shed at the end of a period of growth
  • thrombosis - noun the formation or presence of a thrombus (a clot of coagulated blood attached at the site of its formation) in a blood vessel
  • orbital - adj. of or relating to the eye socket: of or relating to an orbit
  • duodenum - noun the part of the small intestine between the stomach and the jejunum
  • capitulum - noun a dense clusters of flowers or foliage: the upper branches and leaves of a tree: fruiting spike of a cereal plant especially corn
  • oblique - adj. slanting or inclined in direction or course or position--neither parallel nor perpendicular nor right-angled: indirect in departing from the accepted or proper way; misleading: noun any grammatical case other than the nominative: a diagonally arranged abdominal muscle on either side of the torso
  • triad - noun a three-note major or minor chord; a note and its third and fifth tones: three people considered as a unit: a set of three similar things considered as a unit
  • intestinal - adj. of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • cyclic - adj. recurring in cycles: of a compound having atoms arranged in a ring structure: botany; forming a whorl or having parts arranged in a whorl: marked by repeated cycles: conforming to the Carnot cycle
  • chyle - noun a milky fluid consisting of lymph and emulsified fats; formed in the small intestine during digestion of ingested fats
  • diffusion - noun the spread of social institutions (and myths and skills) from one society to another: (physics) the process of diffusing; the intermingling of molecules in gases and liquids as a result of random thermal agitation: the act of dispersing or diffusing something: the property of being diffused or dispersed
  • vulva - noun external parts of the female genitalia
  • atrium - noun the central area in a building; open to the sky: any chamber that is connected to other chambers or passageways (especially one of the two upper chambers of the heart)
  • rotation - noun the act of rotating as if on an axis: a planned recurrent sequence (of crops or personnel etc.): a single complete turn (axial or orbital): (mathematics) a transformation in which the coordinate axes are rotated by a fixed angle about the origin
  • auricle - noun the externally visible cartilaginous structure of the external ear: a small conical pouch projecting from the upper anterior part of each atrium of the heart
  • involution - noun the action of enfolding something: a long and intricate and complicated grammatical construction: reduction in size of an organ or part (as in the return of the uterus to normal size after childbirth): the process of raising a quantity to some assigned power: the act of sharing in the activities of a group: marked by elaborately complex detail
  • urea - noun the chief solid component of mammalian urine; synthesized from ammonia and carbon dioxide and used as fertilizer and in animal feed and in plastics
  • sheath - noun a protective covering for a knife or sword: an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part: a dress suitable for formal occasions
  • elastic - adj. capable of resuming original shape after stretching or compression; springy: able to adjust readily to different conditions:noun a fabric made of yarns containing an elastic material: a narrow band of elastic rubber used to hold things (such as papers) together
  • splicing - noun a junction where two things (as paper or film or magnetic tape) have been joined together
  • sciatica - noun neuralgia along the sciatic nerve
  • binocular - adj. relating to both eyes
  • convergence - noun the act of converging (coming closer): the approach of an infinite series to a finite limit: the occurrence of two or more things coming together: a representation of common ground between theories or phenomena
  • subcutaneous - adj. relating to or located below the epidermis
  • voltage - noun the rate at which energy is drawn from a source that produces a flow of electricity in a circuit; expressed in volts: the difference in electrical charge between two points in a circuit expressed in volts
  • internal - adj. happening or arising or located within some limits or especially surface: occurring within an institution or community:located inward: inside the country: innermost or essential
  • compressor - noun a mechanical device that compresses gasses
  • intrinsic - adj. situated within or belonging solely to the organ or body part on which it acts: belonging to a thing by its very nature
  • compute - verb make a mathematical calculation or computation
  • cycle - noun a single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon: a periodically repeated sequence of events: a series of poems or songs on the same theme: an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs: a wheeled vehicle that has two wheels and is moved by foot pedals: the unit of frequency; one hertz has a periodic interval of one second: verb recur in repeating sequences: pass through a cycle: cause to go through a recurring sequence: ride a bicycle: ride a motorcycle
  • medullary - adj. of or relating to the medulla of any body part: of or relating to the medulla oblongata: containing or consisting of or resembling bone marrow
  • homologous - adj. corresponding or similar in position or structure or function or characteristics; especially derived from an organism of the same species: having the same evolutionary origin but serving different functions
  • rectum - noun the terminal section of the alimentary canal; from the sigmoid flexure to the anus
  • ventilation - noun the act of supplying fresh air and getting rid of foul air: a mechanical system in a building that provides fresh air:the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation: free and open discussion of (or debate on) some question of public interest
  • anatomy - noun a detailed analysis: the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals: alternative names for the body of a human being
  • episodic - adj. limited in duration to a single episode: occurring or appearing at usually irregular intervals: of writing or narration; divided into or composed of episodes
  • scrotum - noun the external pouch that contains the testes
  • amino - adj. pertaining to or containing any of a group of organic compounds of nitrogen derived from ammonia: noun the radical -NH2
  • spine - noun a sharp rigid animal process or appendage; as a porcupine quill or a ridge on a bone or a ray of a fish fin: the part of a book's cover that encloses the inner side of the book's pages and that faces outward when the book is shelved: a small sharp-pointed tip resembling a spike on a stem or leaf: the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord: any sharply pointed projection
  • dentition - noun the kind and number and arrangement of teeth (collectively) in a person or animal: the eruption through the gums of baby teeth
  • external - adj. happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface: purely outward or superficial: from or between other countries: coming from the outside: noun outward features
  • prepuce - noun a fold of skin covering the tip of the penis: a fold of skin covering the tip of the clitoris
  • lumen - noun a cavity or passage in a tubular organ: a unit of luminous flux equal to the amount of light given out through a solid angle of 1 steradian by a point source of 1 candela intensity radiating uniformly in all directions
  • neutron - noun an elementary particle with 0 charge and mass about equal to a proton; enters into the structure of the atomic nucleus
  • calorie - noun unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure: a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree at one atmosphere pressure; used by nutritionists to characterize the energy-producing potential in food
  • emission - noun the act of emitting; causing to flow forth: the occurrence of a flow of water (as from a pipe): the release of electrons from parent atoms: any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body: a substance that is emitted or released
  • arch - adj. expert in skulduggery: (used of behavior or attitude) characteristic of those who treat others with condescension: noun(architecture) a masonry construction (usually curved) for spanning an opening and supporting the weight above it: a passageway under a curved masonry construction: a curved bony structure supporting or enclosing organs (especially the inner sides of the feet): a curved shape in the vertical plane that spans an opening: verb form an arch or curve
  • corpus - noun the main part of an organ or other bodily structure: a collection of writings: capital as contrasted with the income derived from it
  • osseous - adj. composed of or containing bone
  • groove - noun (anatomy) any furrow or channel on a bodily structure or part: a long narrow furrow cut either by a natural process (such as erosion) or by a tool (as e.g. a groove in a phonograph record): a settled and monotonous routine that is hard to escape: verb make a groove in, or provide with a groove: hollow out in the form of a furrow or groove
  • temporal - adj. of this earth or world: not eternal: concerned with secular rather than sacred matters: of the material world: of or relating to the temples (the sides of the skull behind the orbit): of or relating to or limited by time: noun the semantic role of the noun phrase that designating the time of the state or action denoted by the verb
  • typing - noun writing done with a typewriter
  • hiatus - noun a missing piece (as a gap in a manuscript): a natural opening or perforation through a bone or a membranous structure:an interruption in the intensity or amount of something
  • inflammation - noun arousal to violent emotion: a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat: the act of setting something on fire: the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up
  • lactic - adj. of or relating to or obtained from milk (especially sour milk or whey)
  • phosphate - noun carbonated drink with fruit syrup and a little phosphoric acid: a salt of phosphoric acid
  • dissociation - noun the act of removing from association:(chemistry) the temporary or reversible process in which a molecule or ion is broken down into smaller molecules or ions: a state in which some integrated part of a person's life becomes separated from the rest of the personality and functions independently
  • parturition - noun the process of giving birth
  • clitoris - noun a female sexual organ homologous to the penis
  • superior - adj. (often followed by `to') above being affected or influenced by: (sometimes followed by `to') not subject to or influenced by: of or characteristic of high rank or importance: of high or superior quality or performance: having an orbit farther from the sun than the Earth's orbit: having a higher rank: written or printed above and to one side of another character: noun a town in northwest Wisconsin on Lake Superior across from Duluth: the head of a religious community: one of greater rank or station or quality: a character or symbol set or printed or written above and immediately to one side of another character: the largest freshwater lake in the world; the deepest of the Great Lakes: a combatant who is able to defeat rivals
  • pressure - noun a force that compels: the somatic sensation that results from applying force to an area of skin: the force applied to a unit area of surface; measured in pascals (SI unit) or in dynes (cgs unit): an oppressive condition of physical or mental or social or economic distress: the act of pressing; the exertion of pressure: the state of demanding notice or attention: verb to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city": exert pressure on someone through threats
  • rickets - noun childhood disease caused by deficiency of vitamin D and sunlight associated with impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus
  • bicarbonate - noun a salt of carbonic acid (containing the anion HCO3) in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced; an acid carbonate
  • colic - noun acute abdominal pain (especially in infants)
  • canal - noun long and narrow strip of water made for boats or for irrigation: (astronomy) an indistinct surface feature of Mars once thought to be a system of channels; they are now believed to be an optical illusion: a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance: verb provide (a city) with a canal
  • inversion - noun the act of turning inside out: turning upside down; setting on end: a term formerly used to mean taking on the gender role of the opposite sex: (counterpoint) a variation of a melody or part in which ascending intervals are replaced by descending intervals and vice versa: (genetics) a kind of mutation in which the order of the genes in a section of a chromosome is reversed: the layer of air near the earth is cooler than an overlying layer: a chemical process in which the direction of optical rotation of a substance is reversed from dextrorotatory to levorotary or vice versa: abnormal condition in which an organ is turned inward or inside out (as when the upper part of the uterus is pulled into the cervical canal after childbirth): the reversal of the normal order of words
  • auricular - adj. pertaining to an auricle of the heart: relating to or perceived by or shaped like the organ of hearing: of or relating to near the ear
  • sensor - noun any device that receives a signal or stimulus (as heat or pressure or light or motion etc.) and responds to it in a distinctive manner
  • tetanus - noun a sustained muscular contraction resulting from a rapid series of nerve impulses: an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds; spasms of the jaw and laryngeal muscles may occur during the late stages
  • imaging - noun (medicine) obtaining pictures of the interior of the body: the ability to form mental images of things or events
  • cleavage - noun the act of cleaving or splitting: the line formed by a groove between two parts (especially the separation between a woman's breasts): (embryology) the repeated division of a fertilised ovum: the breaking of a chemical bond in a molecule resulting in smaller molecules: the state of being split or cleft
  • feces - noun solid excretory product evacuated from the bowels
  • vitamin - noun any of a group of organic substances essential in small quantities to normal metabolism
  • dura - noun the outermost (and toughest) of the 3 meninges
  • esophagus - noun the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • mediate - adj. acting through or dependent on an intervening agency: being neither at the beginning nor at the end in a series:verb occupy an intermediate or middle position or form a connecting link or stage between two others: act between parties with a view to reconciling differences
  • TIA - noun brief episode in which the brain gets insufficient blood supply; symptoms depend on the site of the blockage
  • coronal - noun flower arrangement consisting of a circular band of foliage or flowers for ornamental purposes
  • vitreous - adj. relating to or resembling or derived from or containing glass: of or relating to or constituting the vitreous humor of the eye:(of ceramics) having the surface made shiny and nonporous by fusing a vitreous solution to it
  • refractory - adj. temporarily unresponsive or not fully responsive to nervous or sexual stimuli: not responding to treatment: stubbornly resistant to authority or control: noun lining consisting of material with a high melting point; used to line the inside walls of a furnace
  • melanoma - noun any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes
  • accessory - adj. furnishing added support: noun a supplementary component that improves capability: clothing that is worn or carried, but not part of your main clothing: someone who helps another person commit a crime
  • circulatory - adj. relating to circulatory system or to circulation of the blood: of or relating to circulation
  • immune - adj. (usually followed by `to') not affected by a given influence: relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection):secure against: relating to the condition of immunity: noun a person who is immune to a particular infection
  • cerebrum - noun anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans
  • cerebellum - noun a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
  • actin - noun one of the proteins into which actomyosin can be split; can exist in either a globular or a fibrous form
  • capsule - noun a pill in the form of a small rounded gelatinous container with medicine inside: a small container: a structure that encloses a body part: a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore-containing structure of e.g. mosses: a pilot's seat in an airplane that can be forcibly ejected in the case of an emergency; then the pilot descends by parachute: a spacecraft designed to transport people and support human life in outer space: a shortened version of a written work: verb enclose in a capsule: put in a short or concise form; reduce in volume
  • sternum - noun the flat bone that articulates with the clavicles and the first seven pairs of ribs
  • supportive - adj. furnishing support or assistance
  • triplet - noun one of three offspring born at the same time from the same pregnancy: a set of three similar things considered as a unit
  • lethal - adj. of an instrument of certain death
  • DNA - noun (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information
  • penis - noun the male organ of copulation (`member' is a euphemism)
  • annular - adj. shaped like a ring
  • Krebs - noun English biochemist (born in Germany) who discovered the Krebs cycle (1900-1981)
  • septic - adj. containing or resulting from disease-causing organisms: of or relating to or caused by putrefaction
  • mastication - noun biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow
  • remodel - verb do over, as of (part of) a house: cast or model anew
  • cartilaginous - adj. difficult to chew: of or relating to cartilage
  • caudal - adj. situated in or directed toward the part of the body from which the tail arises: resembling a tail: constituting or relating to a tail: adv. toward the posterior end of the body
  • carbohydrate - noun an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
  • germinal - adj. containing seeds of later development: noun seventh month of the Revolutionary calendar (March and April); the month of buds
  • pharynx - noun the passage to the stomach and lungs; in the front part of the neck below the chin and above the collarbone
  • uterus - noun a hollow muscular organ in the pelvic cavity of females; contains the developing fetus
  • graded - adj. arranged in a sequence of grades or ranks
  • incontinence - noun involuntary urination or defecation: indiscipline with regard to sensuous pleasures
  • segment - noun one of the parts into which something naturally divides: one of several parts or pieces that fit with others to constitute a whole object: verb divide or split up: divide into segments
  • transcription - noun a sound or television recording (e.g., from a broadcast to a tape recording): something written, especially copied from one medium to another, as a typewritten version of dictation:(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA; the process whereby a base sequence of messenger RNA is synthesized on a template of complementary DNA: the act of making a record (especially an audio record): the act of arranging and adapting a piece of music
  • saliva - noun a clear liquid secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the mouth; moistens the mouth and starts the digestion of starches
  • neurological - adj. of or relating to or used in or practicing neurology
  • steroid - noun any of several fat-soluble organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms in four rings; many have important physiological effects: any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
  • atlas - noun a figure of a man used as a supporting column: the 1st cervical vertebra: a collection of maps in book form: (Greek mythology) a Titan who was forced by Zeus to bear the sky on his shoulders
  • clone - noun a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived from a single cell or individual by some kind of asexual reproduction: an unauthorized copy or imitation: a person who is almost identical to another: verb make multiple identical copies of
  • secondary - adj. belonging to a lower class or rank: not of major importance: being of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate: depending on or incidental to what is original or primary: inferior in rank or status: noun the defensive football players who line up behind the linemen: coil such that current is induced in it by passing a current through the primary coil
  • immunity - noun the quality of being unaffected by something:(medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease: an act exempting someone: the state of not being susceptible
  • appendage - noun a part that is joined to something larger: a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant: an external body part that projects from the body
  • factor - noun an independent variable in statistics: anything that contributes causally to a result: any of the numbers (or symbols) that form a product when multiplied together: (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity: an abstract part of something: a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission: one of two or more integers that can be exactly divided into another integer: verb resolve into factors
  • retraction - noun the act of pulling or holding or drawing a part back: a disavowal or taking back of a previous assertion
  • resonance - noun the quality imparted to voiced speech sounds by the action of the resonating chambers of the throat and mouth and nasal cavities: a vibration of large amplitude produced by a relatively small vibration near the same frequency of vibration as the natural frequency of the resonating system: an excited state of a stable particle causing a sharp maximum in the probability of absorption of electromagnetic radiation: having the character of a loud deep sound; the quality of being resonant: a relationship of mutual understanding or trust and agreement between people
  • triangle - noun a percussion instrument consisting of a metal bar bent in the shape of an open triangle: any of various triangular drafting instruments used to draw straight lines at specified angles: a three-sided polygon: something approximating the shape of a triangle: a small northern constellation near Perseus between Andromeda and Aries
  • pancreas - noun a large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach; secretes pancreatic juice and insulin
  • trachea - noun membranous tube with cartilaginous rings that conveys inhaled air from the larynx to the bronchi: one of the tubules forming the respiratory system of most insects and many arachnids
  • bulb - noun a rounded part of a cylindrical instrument (usually at one end): a rounded dilation or expansion in a canal or vessel or organ:a modified bud consisting of a thickened globular underground stem serving as a reproductive structure: electric lamp consisting of a transparent or translucent glass housing containing a wire filament (usually tungsten) that emits light when heated by electricity: lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata)
  • dag - noun a flap along the edge of a garment; used in medieval clothing: 10 grams
  • portal - noun a grand and imposing entrance (often extended metaphorically): a short vein that carries blood into the liver: a site that the owner positions as an entrance to other sites on the internet
  • uterine - adj. of or involving the uterus
  • disc - noun a flat circular plate: (computer science) a memory device consisting of a flat disk covered with a magnetic coating on which information is stored: sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a phonograph needle tracks in the groove: something with a round shape like a flat circular plate
  • pectoral - adj. of or relating to the chest or thorax: noun an adornment worn on the chest or breast: either of two large muscles of the chest
  • diaphragm - noun a mechanical device in a camera that controls size of aperture of the lens: electro-acoustic transducer that vibrates to receive or produce sound waves: a contraceptive device consisting of a flexible dome-shaped cup made of rubber or plastic; it is filled with spermicide and fitted over the uterine cervix:(anatomy) a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities; functions in respiration
  • abduction - noun (physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body: the criminal act of capturing and carrying away by force a family member; if a man's wife is abducted it is a crime against the family relationship and against the wife
  • excitation - noun something that agitates and arouses: the neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or gland: the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up
  • tolerance - noun the act of tolerating something: the power or capacity of an organism to tolerate unfavorable environmental conditions: willingness to recognize and respect the beliefs or practices of others: a disposition to allow freedom of choice and behavior: a permissible difference; allowing some freedom to move within limits
  • splice - noun a junction where two things (as paper or film or magnetic tape) have been joined together: joint made by overlapping two ends and joining them together: verb join by interweaving strands: join together so as to form new genetic combinations: join the ends of: perform a marriage ceremony
  • reaction - noun doing something in opposition to another way of doing it that you don't like: a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some foregoing stimulus or agent: an idea evoked by some experience: extreme conservatism in political or social matters: a response that reveals a person's feelings or attitude: (mechanics) the equal and opposite force that is produced when any force is applied to a body: (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others
  • puberty - noun the time of life when sex glands become functional
  • mater - noun an informal use of the Latin word for mother; sometimes used by British schoolboys or used facetiously
  • hypertension - noun a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
  • excitability - noun being easily excited: excessive sensitivity of an organ or body part
  • cornea - noun transparent anterior portion of the outer covering of the eye; it covers the lens and iris and is continuous with the sclera
  • fibrous - adj. (of meat) full of sinews; especially impossible to chew:having or resembling fibers especially fibers used in making cordage such as those of jute
  • gestation - noun the conception and development of an idea or plan: the period during which an embryo develops (about 266 days in humans): the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
  • process - noun a sustained phenomenon or one marked by gradual changes through a series of states: a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant:(psychology) the performance of some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents: a mental process that you are not directly aware of: a particular course of action intended to achieve a result: a writ issued by authority of law; usually compels the defendant's attendance in a civil suit; failure to appear results in a default judgment against the defendant: verb subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition: perform mathematical and logical operations on (data) according to programmed instructions in order to obtain the required information: deal with in a routine way: deliver a warrant or summons to someone: shape, form, or improve a material: march in a procession: institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against
  • junction - noun an act of joining or adjoining things: the place where two or more things come together: something that joins or connects:the state of being joined together: the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made
  • acid - adj. having the characteristics of an acid: harsh or corrosive in tone: being sour to the taste: noun street name for lysergic acid diethylamide: any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
  • stimulating - adj. rousing or quickening activity or the senses:making lively and cheerful: that stimulates
  • pore - noun any small opening in the skin or outer surface of an animal: any tiny hole admitting passage of a liquid (fluid or gas): a minute epidermal pore in a leaf or stem through which gases and water vapor can pass: verb direct one's attention on something
  • pia - noun perennial herb of East Indies to Polynesia and Australia; cultivated for its large edible root yielding Otaheite arrowroot starch
  • sodium - noun a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
  • cutaneous - adj. relating to or existing on or affecting the skin
  • intestine - noun the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • curve - noun a pitch of a baseball that is thrown with spin so that its path curves as it approach the batter: a line on a graph representing data: the trace of a point whose direction of motion changes: curved segment (of a road or river or railroad track etc.): the property possessed by the curving of a line or surface: verb form a curl, curve, or kink: turn sharply; change direction abruptly: bend or cause to bend: form an arch or curve: extend in curves and turns
  • estrogen - noun a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
  • vas - noun a tube in which a body fluid circulates
  • stem - noun the tube of a tobacco pipe: a turn made in skiing; the back of one ski is forced outward and the other ski is brought parallel to it: front part of a vessel or aircraft: cylinder forming a long narrow part of something: (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed: a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ: verb remove the stem from:stop the flow of a liquid: grow out of, have roots in, originate in:cause to point inward
  • tunic - noun any of a variety of loose fitting cloaks extending to the hips or knees: an enveloping or covering membrane or layer of body tissue
  • flaccid - adj. drooping without elasticity; wanting in stiffness: lacking in strength or firmness or resilience: out of condition; not strong or robust; incapable of exertion or endurance
  • checkpoint - noun a place (as at a frontier) where travellers are stopped for inspection and clearance
  • audition - noun a test of the suitability of a performer: the ability to hear; the auditory faculty: verb perform in order to get a role
  • menstrual - adj. of or relating to menstruation or the menses
  • stimulate - verb cause to be alert and energetic: act as a stimulant:stir the feelings, emotions, or peace of: stir feelings in: cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner: provide the needed stimulus for:cause to occur rapidly
  • testosterone - noun a potent androgenic hormone produced chiefly by the testes; responsible for the development of male secondary sex characteristics
  • shock - noun the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat: an unpleasant or disappointing surprise: an instance of agitation of the earth's crust: a bushy thick mass (especially hair): a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field: (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor: a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body: a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses: the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally: verb subject to electrical shocks: collect or gather into shocks: collide violently: strike with horror or terror: surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off: strike with disgust or revulsion: inflict a trauma upon
  • epidermis - noun the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates
  • terminal - adj. causing or ending in or approaching death: relating to or occurring in a term or fixed period of time: of or relating to or situated at the ends of a delivery route: occurring at or forming an end or termination: being or situated at an end: noun station where transport vehicles load or unload passengers or goods: a contact on an electrical device (such as a battery) at which electric current enters or leaves: electronic equipment consisting of a device providing access to a computer; has a keyboard and display
  • shaft - noun a long rod or pole (especially the handle of an implement or the body of a weapon like a spear or arrow): a vertical passage into a mine: (architecture) upright consisting of the vertical part of a column: a vertical passageway through a building (as for an elevator): a line that forms the length of an arrow pointer: the hollow spine of a feather: a revolving rod that transmits power or motion: a long pointed rod used as a weapon: obscene terms for penis: the main (mid) section of a long bone: an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect: a column of light (as from a beacon): verb equip with a shaft: defeat someone in an expectation through trickery or deceit
  • phalanx - noun any of the bones of the fingers or toes: a body of troops in close array: any closely ranked crowd of people
  • lesser - adj. smaller in size or amount or value: of less size or importance
  • potential - adj. existing in possibility: expected to become or be; in prospect: noun the inherent capacity for coming into being: the difference in electrical charge between two points in a circuit expressed in volts
  • thigh - noun the part of the leg between the hip and the knee: the upper joint of the leg of a fowl
  • semen - noun the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract
  • atrophy - noun any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use): a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse: verb undergo atrophy
  • ani - noun black tropical American cuckoo
  • superficial - adj. being or affecting or concerned with a surface; not deep or penetrating emotionally or intellectually: of little substance or significance: relating to a surface: involving a surface only
  • primary - adj. not derived from or reducible to something else; basic: of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondhand: of primary importance: most important element: of or being the essential or basic part: noun a preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen: one of the main flight feathers projecting along the outer edge of a bird's wing: coil forming the part of an electrical circuit such that changing current in it induces a current in a neighboring circuit
  • kinetic - adj. characterized by motion: relating to the motion of material bodies and the forces associated therewith: supplying motive force
  • leakage - noun the unwanted discharge of a fluid from some container
  • ocular - adj. able to be seen: relating to or using sight: of or relating to or resembling the eye: noun combination of lenses at the viewing end of optical instruments
  • Superior - adj. (often followed by `to') above being affected or influenced by: (sometimes followed by `to') not subject to or influenced by: of or characteristic of high rank or importance: of high or superior quality or performance: having an orbit farther from the sun than the Earth's orbit: having a higher rank: written or printed above and to one side of another character: noun a town in northwest Wisconsin on Lake Superior across from Duluth: the head of a religious community: one of greater rank or station or quality: a character or symbol set or printed or written above and immediately to one side of another character: the largest freshwater lake in the world; the deepest of the Great Lakes: a combatant who is able to defeat rivals
  • valence - noun (chemistry) a property of atoms or radicals; their combining power given in terms of the number of hydrogen atoms (or the equivalent): (biology) a relative capacity to unite or react or interact as with antigens or a biological substrate
  • ascend - verb travel up, "We ascended the mountain": slope upwards: go along towards (a river's) source: become king or queen: go back in order of genealogical succession: come up, of celestial bodies
  • cardiovascular - adj. of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels
  • malt - noun a cereal grain that is kiln-dried after having been germinated by soaking in water; used especially in brewing and distilling: a lager of high alcohol content; by law it is considered too alcoholic to be sold as lager or beer: a milkshake made with malt powder: verb convert into malt: convert grain into malt: turn into malt, become malt: treat with malt or malt extract
  • evaporation - noun the process of extracting moisture: the process of becoming a vapor
  • nail - noun a thin pointed piece of metal that is hammered into materials as a fastener: horny plate covering and protecting part of the dorsal surface of the digits: a former unit of length for cloth equal to 1/16 of a yard: verb attach something somewhere by means of nails: complete a pass: take into custody: hit hard: locate exactly:succeed at easily: succeed in obtaining a position
  • switching - noun the act of changing one thing or position for another
  • ascending - adj. moving or going or growing upward: noun the act of changing location in an upward direction
  • angle - noun a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Saxons and Jutes to become Anglo-Saxons: the space between two lines or planes that intersect; the inclination of one line to another; measured in degrees or radians: a biased way of looking at or presenting something: verb fish with a hook: move or proceed at an angle: present with a bias: seek indirectly: to incline or bend from a vertical position
  • supine - adj. lying face upward: offering no resistance
  • alimentary - adj. of or providing nourishment
  • carbonic - adj. relating to or consisting of or yielding carbon
  • functional - adj. designed for or capable of a particular function or use: involving or affecting function rather than physiology: designed for or adapted to a function or use: fit or ready for use or service:relating to or based on function especially as opposed to structure:(of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing
  • alpha - adj. early testing stage of a software or hardware product:first in order of importance: noun the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet: the beginning of a series or sequence
  • response - noun a phrase recited or sung by the congregation following a versicle by the priest or minister: a result: a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some foregoing stimulus or agent: the manner in which something is greeted: a statement (either spoken or written) that is made in reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation: the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
  • organ - noun wind instrument whose sound is produced by means of pipes arranged in sets supplied with air from a bellows and controlled from a large complex musical keyboard: a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function: a periodical that is published by a special interest group: a government agency or instrument devoted to the performance of some specific function:(music) an electronic simulation of a pipe organ: a free-reed instrument in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows
  • supplemental - adj. added to complete or make up a deficiency:functioning in a subsidiary or supporting capacity
  • procedural - adj. of or relating to procedure: relating to court practice and procedure as opposed to the principles of law
  • catalyst - noun something that causes an important event to happen: (chemistry) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected
  • compliance - noun happy friendly agreement: the act of submitting; usually surrendering power to another: acting according to certain accepted standards: a disposition or tendency to yield to the will of others
  • tidal - adj. of or relating to or caused by tides
  • puncture - noun the act of puncturing or perforating: a small hole made by a sharp object: loss of air pressure in a tire when a hole is made by some sharp object: verb be pierced or punctured: cause to lose air pressure or collapse by piercing: pierce with a pointed object; make a hole into: make by piercing: reduce or lessen the size or importance of
  • facial - adj. of or pertaining to the outside surface of an object: of or concerning the face: noun care for the face that usually involves cleansing and massage and the application of cosmetic creams:cranial nerve that supplies facial muscles
  • mutation - noun a change or alteration in form or qualities:(genetics) any event that changes genetic structure; any alteration in the inherited nucleic acid sequence of the genotype of an organism:(biology) an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration
  • seminal - adj. pertaining to or containing or consisting of semen:containing seeds of later development
  • relaxation - noun a method of solving simultaneous equations by guessing a solution and then reducing the errors that result by successive approximations until all the errors are less than some specified amount: an occurrence of control or strength weakening:(physics) the exponential return of a system to equilibrium after a disturbance: (physiology) the gradual lengthening of inactive muscle or muscle fibers: the act of making less strict: freedom from activity (work or strain or responsibility): a feeling of refreshing tranquility and an absence of tension or worry
  • pyramid - noun a massive monument with a square base and four triangular sides; begun by Cheops around 2700 BC as royal tombs in ancient Egypt: (stock market) a series of transactions in which the speculator increases his holdings by using the rising market value of those holdings as margin for further purchases: a polyhedron having a polygonal base and triangular sides with a common vertex: verbincrease rapidly and progressively step by step on a broad base:arrange or build up as if on the base of a pyramid: use or deal in (as of stock or commercial transaction) in a pyramid deal: enlarge one's holdings on an exchange on a continued rise by using paper profits as margin to buy additional amounts
  • dominant - adj. exercising influence or control: (of genes) producing the same phenotype whether its allele is identical or dissimilar: noun(music) the fifth note of the diatonic scale: an allele that produces the same phenotype whether its paired allele is identical or different
  • vagina - noun the lower part of the female reproductive tract; a moist canal in female mammals extending from the labia minora to the uterus
  • lung - noun either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • propulsion - noun the act of propelling: a propelling force
  • cranium - noun the part of the skull that encloses the brain
  • coupling - noun the act of pairing a male and female for reproductive purposes: a mechanical device that serves to connect the ends of adjacent objects: a connection (like a clamp or vise) between two things so they move together
  • ovum - noun the female reproductive cell; the female gamete
  • tertiary - adj. coming next after the second and just before the fourth in position: noun from 63 million to 2 million years ago
  • amine - noun a compound derived from ammonia by replacing hydrogen atoms by univalent hydrocarbon radicals
  • killer - noun a difficulty that is hard to deal with: someone who causes the death of a person or animal: predatory black-and-white toothed whale with large dorsal fin; common in cold seas: the causal agent resulting in death
  • digestion - noun learning and coming to understand ideas and information: the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body: the process of decomposing organic matter (as in sewage) by bacteria or by chemical action or heat
  • accelerator - noun a valve that regulates the supply of fuel to the engine: a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particles: a pedal that controls the throttle valve: (chemistry) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected
  • fold - noun the act of folding: a pen for sheep: a folded part (as in skin or muscle): a geological process that causes a bend in a stratum of rock: an angular or rounded shape made by folding: a group of sheep or goats: a group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church: verb incorporate a food ingredient into a mixture by repeatedly turning it over without stirring or beating: become folded or folded up: bend or lay so that one part covers the other: intertwine: confine in a fold, like sheep:cease to operate or cause to cease operating
  • channel - noun a passage for water (or other fluids) to flow through:a television station and its programs: a path over which electrical signals can pass: (often plural) a means of communication or access: a deep and relatively narrow body of water (as in a river or a harbor or a strait linking two larger bodies) that allows the best passage for vessels: a way of selling a company's product either directly or via distributors: a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance: a long narrow furrow cut either by a natural process (such as erosion) or by a tool (as e.g. a groove in a phonograph record): verb direct the flow of: send from one person or place to another: transmit or serve as the medium for transmission
  • topographical - adj. concerned with topography
  • bond - adj. held in slavery: noun British secret operative 007 in novels by Ian Fleming: United States civil rights leader who was elected to the legislature in Georgia but was barred from taking his seat because he opposed the Vietnam War (born 1940): a certificate of debt (usually interest-bearing or discounted) that is issued by a government or corporation in order to raise money; the issuer is required to pay a fixed sum annually until maturity and then a fixed sum to repay the principal: a superior quality of strong durable white writing paper; originally made for printing documents: a connection that fastens things together: a restraint that confines or restricts freedom (especially something used to tie down or restrain a prisoner): the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition: an electrical force linking atoms: (criminal law) money that must be forfeited by the bondsman if an accused person fails to appear in court for trial: a connection based on kinship or marriage or common interest: verbbring together in a common cause or emotion: issue bonds on: stick to firmly: create social or emotional ties
  • pyramidal - adj. resembling a pyramid
  • ovary - noun (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone: the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • glucose - noun a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • X-ray - noun a radiogram made by exposing photographic film to X rays; used in medical diagnosis: electromagnetic radiation of short wavelength produced when high-speed electrons strike a solid target: verb take an x-ray of something or somebody: examine by taking x-rays
  • magnum - noun a large wine bottle for liquor or wine
  • modeling - noun a preliminary sculpture in wax or clay from which a finished work can be copied: the act of representing something (usually on a smaller scale): sculpture produced by molding
  • genome - noun the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism
  • tooth - noun a means of enforcement: toothlike structure in invertebrates found in the mouth or alimentary canal or on a shell:something resembling the tooth of an animal: one of a number of uniform projections on a gear: hard bonelike structures in the jaws of vertebrates; used for biting and chewing or for attack and defense
  • lightening - noun descent of the uterus into the pelvic cavity that occurs late in pregnancy; the fetus is said to have dropped:changing to a lighter color
  • tube - noun conduit consisting of a long hollow object (usually cylindrical) used to hold and conduct objects or liquids or gases:electronic device consisting of a system of electrodes arranged in an evacuated glass or metal envelope: (anatomy) any hollow cylindrical body structure: an electric railway operating below the surface of the ground (usually in a city): a hollow cylindrical shape: verb place or enclose in a tube: ride or float on an inflated tube: convey in a tube:provide with a tube or insert a tube into
  • enlargement - noun a photographic print that has been enlarged:the state of being enlarged: the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope: a discussion that provides additional information
  • fetus - noun an unborn or unhatched vertebrate in the later stages of development showing the main recognizable features of the mature animal
  • excursion - noun a journey taken for pleasure: wandering from the main path of a journey
  • Haldane - noun Scottish statesman and brother of Elizabeth and John Haldane (1856-1928): Scottish writer and sister of Richard Haldane and John Haldane (1862-1937): Scottish physiologist and brother of Richard Haldane and Elizabeth Haldane; noted for research into industrial diseases (1860-1936): Scottish geneticist (son of John Haldane) who contributed to the development of population genetics; a popularizer of science and a Marxist (1892-1964)
  • skeleton - noun the internal supporting structure that gives an artifact its shape: a scandal that is kept secret: something reduced to its minimal form: the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a frame for the body of an animal
  • crest - noun a showy growth of e.g. feathers or skin on the head of a bird or other animal: (heraldry) in medieval times, an emblem used to decorate a helmet: the top line of a hill, mountain, or wave: the center of a cambered road: the top point of a mountain or hill: verbreach a high point: lie at the top of
  • aqueous - adj. produced by the action of water: similar to or containing or dissolved in water
  • plate - noun dish on which food is served or from which food is eaten: a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners): a sheet of metal or wood or glass or plastic: a shallow receptacle for collection in church: structural member consisting of a horizontal beam that provides bearing and anchorage: a full-page illustration (usually on slick paper): a flat sheet of metal or glass on which a photographic image can be recorded: the positively charged electrode in a vacuum tube: any flat platelike body structure or part: a main course served on a plate: the thin under portion of the forequarter: a rigid layer of the Earth's crust that is believed to drift slowly: the quantity contained in a plate: a dental appliance that artificially replaces missing teeth: (baseball) base consisting of a rubber slab where the batter stands; it must be touched by a base runner in order to score:verb coat with a layer of metal
  • fracture - noun the act of cracking something: breaking of hard tissue such as bone: (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other: verbfracture a bone of: break (a bone): become fractured: violate or abuse: break into pieces: interrupt, break, or destroy
  • volume - noun the magnitude of sound (usually in a specified direction): a publication that is one of a set of several similar publications: the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object: a relative amount: physical objects consisting of a number of pages bound together: the property of something that is great in magnitude
  • serum - noun watery fluid of the blood that resembles plasma but contains fibrinogen
  • column - noun (architeture) a tall cylindrical vertical upright and used to support a structure: a vertical cylindrical structure standing alone and not supporting anything (such as a monument): a vertical glass tube used in column chromatography; a mixture is poured in the top and washed through a stationary substance where components of the mixture are adsorbed selectively to form colored bands: an article giving opinions or perspectives: a line of (usually military) units following one after another: a linear array of numbers one above another: anything tall and relatively thin that approximates the shape of a column or tower
  • buffer - noun a cushion-like device that reduces shock due to contact: a power tool used to buff surfaces: (computer science) a part of RAM used for temporary storage of data that is waiting to be sent to a device; used to compensate for differences in the rate of flow of data between components of a computer system: an ionic compound that resists changes in its pH: an implement consisting of soft material mounted on a block; used for polishing (as in manicuring): an inclined metal frame at the front of a locomotive to clear the track: verb add a buffer (a solution): protect from impact
  • vestibule - noun any of various bodily cavities leading to another cavity (as of the ear or vagina): a large entrance or reception room or area
  • cord - noun a line made of twisted fibers or threads: a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton: a light insulated conductor for household use: a unit of amount of wood cut for burning; 128 cubic feet: verb bind or tie with a cord: stack in cords
  • reduction - noun the act of reducing complexity: any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent: the act of decreasing or reducing something
  • gene - noun (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity
  • passive - adj. lacking in energy or will: expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb:peacefully resistant in response to injustice: noun the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb
  • helper - noun a person who helps people or institutions (especially with financial help): a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose
  • moderator - noun someone who mediates disputes and attempts to avoid violence: someone who presides over a forum or debate: in the Presbyterian church, the officer who presides over a synod or general assembly: any substance used to slow down neutrons in nuclear reactors
  • root - noun the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support: (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed: (botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground: a number that when multiplied by itself some number of times equals a given number: a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes: the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation: the place where something begins, where it springs into being: someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent):verb take root and begin to grow: cause to take roots: plant by the roots: come into existence, originate: become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style: take sides with; align oneself with; show strong sympathy for: dig with the snout
  • palate - noun the upper surface of the mouth that separates the oral and nasal cavities
  • barrier - noun a structure or object that impedes free movement:any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective: anything serving to maintain separation by obstructing vision or access
  • spongy - adj. like a sponge in being able to absorb liquids and yield it back when compressed: easily squashed; resembling a sponge in having soft porous texture and compressibility
  • oxygen - noun a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
  • concentric - adj. having a common center
  • bulge - noun something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings: verb cause to bulge or swell outwards: swell or protrude outwards: bulge out; form a bulge outward, or be so full as to appear to bulge: bulge outward
  • migrate - verb move from one country or region to another and settle there: move periodically or seasonally
  • starling - noun gregarious birds native to the Old World
  • bud - noun a partially opened flower: a swelling on a plant stem consisting of overlapping immature leaves or petals: verb start to grow or develop: develop buds
  • retrograde - adj. of amnesia; affecting time immediately preceding trauma: moving from east to west on the celestial sphere; or--for planets--around the sun in a direction opposite to that of the Earth:going from better to worse: moving or directed or tending in a backward direction or contrary to a previous direction: verb go back over: move back: move in a direction contrary to the usual one:move backward in an orbit, of celestial bodies: get worse or fall back to a previous condition
  • chemical - adj. relating to or used in chemistry: of or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes: noun produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
  • leaky - adj. used informally; unable to retain urine: permitting the unwanted passage of fluids or gases: prone to communicate confidential information
  • primordial - adj. having existed from the beginning; in an earliest or original stage or state
  • bundle - noun a package of several things tied together for carrying or storing: a collection of things wrapped or boxed together: a large sum of money (especially as pay or profit): verb sleep fully clothed in the same bed with one's betrothed: make into a bundle: compress into a wad: gather or cause to gather into a cluster
  • hemorrhage - noun flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels:verb lose blood from one's body
  • border - noun a strip forming the outer edge of something: a decorative recessed or relieved surface on an edge: a line that indicates a boundary: the boundary of a surface: the boundary line or the area immediately inside the boundary: verb lie adjacent to another or share a boundary: provide with a border or edge: extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle: enclose in or as if in a frame: form the boundary of; be contiguous to
  • integration - noun an operation used in the calculus whereby the integral of a function is determined: the action of incorporating a racial or religious group into a community: the act of combining into an integral whole
  • bacterial - adj. relating to or caused by bacteria
  • retina - noun the light-sensitive membrane covering the back wall of the eyeball; it is continuous with the optic nerve
  • mover - noun a company that moves the possessions of a family or business from one site to another: someone who moves: workman employed by a moving company: (parliamentary procedure) someone who makes a formal motion
  • semicircular - adj. curved into a half circle
  • porta - noun an aperture or hole that opens into a bodily cavity
  • aperture - noun an man-made opening; usually small: a device that controls amount of light admitted: a natural opening in something
  • articulation - noun the act of joining things in such a way that motion is possible: expressing in coherent verbal form: the aspect of pronunciation that involves bringing articulatory organs together so as to shape the sounds of speech: the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made: (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion)
  • larynx - noun a cartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea; contains elastic vocal cords that are the source of the vocal tone in speech
  • recruitment - noun the act of getting recruits; enlisting people for the army (or for a job or a cause etc.)
  • oral - adj. a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated in the mouth; fixation at this stage is said to result in dependence, selfishness, and aggression: of or involving the mouth or mouth region or the surface on which the mouth is located: using speech rather than writing: of or relating to or affecting or for use in the mouth: noun an examination conducted by word of mouth
  • differentiation - noun the mathematical process of obtaining the derivative of a function: a discrimination between things as different and distinct: (biology) the structural adaptation of some body part for a particular function
  • layer - noun thin structure composed of a single thickness of cells: a hen that lays eggs: single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance: a relatively thin sheetlike expanse or region lying over or under another: an abstract place usually conceived as having depth:verb make or form a layer
  • newborn - adj. having just or recently arisen or come into existence:recently borne: noun a baby from birth to four weeks
  • atmospheric - adj. relating to or located in the atmosphere
  • calyx - noun (botany) the whorl of sepals of a flower collectively forming the outer floral envelope or layer of the perianth enclosing and supporting the developing bud; usually green
  • zone - noun (anatomy) any encircling or beltlike structure: an area or region distinguished from adjacent parts by a distinctive feature or characteristic: any of the regions of the surface of the Earth loosely divided according to latitude or longitude: a circumscribed geographical region characterized by some distinctive features: verbregulate housing in; of certain areas of towns: separate or apportion into sections
  • fad - noun an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  • facilitate - verb make easier: increase the likelihood of (a response): be of use
  • intermediate - adj. lying between two extremes in time or space or degree: around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical measures: noun a substance formed during a chemical process before the desired product is obtained: verb act between parties with a view to reconciling differences
  • prostate - adj. relating to the prostate gland: noun a firm partly muscular chestnut sized gland in males at the neck of the urethra; produces a viscid secretion that is the fluid part of semen
  • coordination - noun the regulation of diverse elements into an integrated and harmonious operation: the skillful and effective interaction of movements: the grammatical relation of two constituents having the same grammatical form
  • motor - adj. causing or able to cause motion: conveying information to the muscles from the CNS: noun machine that converts other forms of energy into mechanical energy and so imparts motion: a nonspecific agent that imparts motion: verb travel or be transported in a vehicle
  • aqueduct - noun a conduit that resembles a bridge but carries water over a valley
  • twitch - noun a sudden muscle spasm; especially one caused by a nervous condition: verb make an uncontrolled, short, jerky motion:move or pull with a sudden motion: squeeze tightly between the fingers: move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions: toss with a sharp movement so as to cause to turn over in the air
  • cavernous - adj. being or suggesting a cavern: filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood
  • Weber - noun German physiologist who studied sensory responses to stimuli and is considered the father of psychophysics (1795-1878): German conductor and composer of romantic operas (1786-1826): German sociologist and pioneer of the analytic method in sociology (1864-1920): United States abstract painter (born in Russia) (1881-1961): German physicist and brother of E. H. Weber; noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1804-1891): a unit of magnetic flux equal to 100,000,000 maxwells
  • yolk - noun nutritive material of an ovum stored for the nutrition of an embryo (especially the yellow mass of a bird or reptile egg): the yellow spherical part of an egg that is surrounded by the albumen
  • sickle - noun an edge tool for cutting grass or crops; has a curved blade and a short handle
  • system - noun instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity: the living body considered as made up of interdependent components forming a unified whole: a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts: a complex of methods or rules governing behavior:a procedure or process for obtaining an objective: a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole:(physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances in different phases are in equilibrium: an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized: an organized structure for arranging or classifying
  • descending - adj. coming down or downward
  • hamstring - noun one of the tendons at the back of the knee: verbcripple by cutting the hamstring: make ineffective or powerless
  • spiral - adj. in the shape of a coil: noun flying downward in a helical path with a large radius: ornament consisting of a curve on a plane that winds around a center with an increasing distance from the center: a plane curve traced by a point circling about the center but at increasing distances from the center: a structure consisting of something wound in a continuous series of loops: a curve that lies on the surface of a cylinder or cone and cuts the element at a constant angle: verb form a spiral: to wind or move in a spiral course: move in a spiral or zigzag course
  • radioactive - adj. exhibiting or caused by radioactivity
  • pump - noun a mechanical device that moves fluid or gas by pressure or suction: a low-cut shoe without fastenings: the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body: verbquestion persistently: deliver forth: operate like a pump; move up and down, like a handle or a pedal: raise (gases or fluids) with a pump: move up and down: draw or pour with a pump: flow intermittently: supply in great quantities
  • eminence - noun high status importance owing to marked superiority: a protuberance on a bone especially for attachment of a muscle or ligament
  • acute - adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course: of critical importance and consequence: extremely sharp or intense: having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions: of an angle; less than 90 degrees: ending in a sharp point: noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • Depression - noun pushing down: sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy: angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object): a concavity in a surface produced by pressing: a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity: a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment: a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment: a sunken or depressed geological formation: a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention: an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
  • nervous - adj. easily agitated: of or relating to the nervous system:unpredictably excitable (especially of horses): excited in anticipation:causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  • embryonic - adj. in an early stage of development: of an organism prior to birth or hatching
  • radiation - noun the act of spreading outward from a central source:a radial arrangement of nerve fibers connecting different parts of the brain: the spread of a group of organisms into new habitats: energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles: the spontaneous emission of a stream of particles or electromagnetic rays in nuclear decay: (medicine) the treatment of disease (especially cancer) by exposure to a radioactive substance:syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions); low doses cause diarrhea and nausea and vomiting and sometimes loss of hair; greater exposure can cause sterility and cataracts and some forms of cancer and other diseases; severe exposure can cause death within hours
  • ion - noun a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons
  • hillock - noun a small natural hill
  • hinge - noun a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other: a circumstance upon which subsequent events depend: verb attach with a hinge
  • processing - noun preparing or putting through a prescribed procedure
  • inorganic - adj. relating or belonging to the class of compounds not having a carbon basis: lacking the properties characteristic of living organisms
  • reserve - noun the trait of being uncommunicative; not volunteering anything more than necessary: something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose: (medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain vital functions: formality and propriety of manner: armed forces that are not on active duty but can be called in an emergency: a district that is reserved for particular purpose: an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced: verbobtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance: hold back or set aside, especially for future use or contingency: arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance: give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause
  • syndrome - noun a complex of concurrent things: a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
  • enamel - noun any smooth glossy coating that resembles ceramic glaze: a paint that dries to a hard glossy finish: hard white substance covering the crown of a tooth: a colored glassy compound (opaque or partially opaque) that is fused to the surface of metal or glass or pottery for decoration or protection: verb coat, inlay, or surface with enamel
  • regulatory - adj. restricting according to rules or principles
  • receptive - adj. able to absorb liquid (not repellent): open to arguments, ideas, or change: ready or willing to receive favorably: of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system
  • descend - verb move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way: come as if by falling: do something that one considers to be below one's dignity: come from; be connected by a relationship of blood, for example
  • intersection - noun the act of intersecting (as joining by causing your path to intersect your target's path): a junction where one street or road crosses another: a point where lines intersect: the set of elements common to two or more sets: a point or set of points common to two or more geometric configurations: a representation of common ground between theories or phenomena
  • socket - noun a receptacle into which an electric device can be inserted: receptacle where something (a pipe or probe or end of a bone) is inserted: a bony hollow into which a structure fits
  • sperm - noun the male reproductive cell; the male gamete
  • transitional - adj. of or relating to or characterized by transition
  • associate - adj. having partial rights and privileges or subordinate status: noun any event that usually accompanies or is closely connected with another: a person who joins with others in some activity: a degree granted by a two-year college on successful completion of the undergraduates course of studies: a person who is frequently in the company of another: verb make a logical or causal connection: bring or come into association or action: keep company with; hang out with
  • islet - noun a small island
  • communicating - noun the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information
  • spindle - noun a stick or pin used to twist the yarn in spinning: any of various rotating shafts that serve as axes for larger rotating parts:(biology) tiny fibers that are seen in cell division; the fibers radiate from two poles and meet at the equator in the middle
  • pivot - noun the act of turning on (or as if on) a pivot: axis consisting of a short shaft that supports something that turns: the person in a rank around whom the others wheel and maneuver: verb turn on a pivot
  • emptying - noun the act of removing the contents of something
  • excitable - adj. easily excited: capable of responding to stimuli
  • cuff - noun the lap consisting of a turned-back hem encircling the end of the sleeve or leg: shackle that consists of a metal loop that can be locked around the wrist; usually used in pairs: verb hit with the hand: confine or restrain with or as if with manacles or handcuffs
  • synthesis - noun the combination of ideas into a complex whole:the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds): reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)
  • abdominal - adj. of or relating to or near the abdomen: noun the muscles of the abdomen
  • transplant - noun the act of removing something from one location and introducing it in another location: an operation moving an organ from one organism (the donor) to another (the recipient): (surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient; in some cases the patient can be both donor and recipient: verb place the organ of a donor into the body of a recipient: lift and reset in another soil or situation: be transplantable: transfer from one place or period to another
  • polar - adj. having a pair of equal and opposite charges: of or existing at or near a geographical pole or within the Arctic or Antarctic Circles: located at or near or coming from the earth's poles: being of crucial importance: extremely cold: characterized by opposite extremes; completely opposed
  • ANS - noun the part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles and heart and glands
  • generator - noun engine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy by electromagnetic induction: an apparatus that produces a vapor or gas: an electronic device for producing a signal voltage: someone who originates or causes or initiates something
  • energy - noun an imaginative lively style (especially style of writing):enterprising or ambitious drive: forceful exertion: (physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work; the units of energy are joules or ergs: a healthy capacity for vigorous activity: the federal department responsible for maintaining a national energy policy of the United States; created in 1977
  • girdle - noun a band of material around the waist that strengthens a skirt or trousers: an encircling or ringlike structure: a woman's close-fitting foundation garment: verb put a girdle on or around: cut a girdle around so as to kill by interrupting the circulation of water and nutrients
  • selective - adj. tending to select; characterized by careful choice:characterized by very careful or fastidious selection
  • insertion - noun the act of putting one thing into another: a message (spoken or written) that is introduced or inserted
  • exclusion - noun the state of being excluded: the act of forcing out someone or something: a deliberate act of omission: the state of being excommunicated
  • center - adj. equally distant from the extremes: of or belonging to neither the right nor the left politically or intellectually: noun a position on a basketball team of the player who participates in the jump that starts the game: the position of the player on the line of scrimmage who puts the ball in play: the position on a hockey team of the player who participates in the face off at the beginning of the game: a building dedicated to a particular activity: a cluster of nerve cells governing a specific bodily process: the object upon which interest and attention focuses: the sweet central portion of a piece of candy that is enclosed in chocolate or some other covering:politically moderate persons; centrists: the middle of a military or naval formation: a place where some particular activity is concentrated: a point equidistant from the ends of a line or the extremities of a figure: an area that is approximately central within some larger region: (football) the person who plays center on the line of scrimmage and snaps the ball to the quarterback: (basketball) the person who plays center on a basketball team: (ice hockey) the person who plays center on a hockey team: the piece of ground in the outfield directly ahead of the catcher: mercantile establishment consisting of a carefully landscaped complex of shops representing leading merchandisers; usually includes restaurants and a convenient parking area; a modern version of the traditional marketplace: the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience: verb move into the center: direct one's attention on something: center upon
  • corona - noun a long cigar with blunt ends: (anatomy) any structure that resembles a crown in shape: one or more circles of light seen around a luminous object: (botany) the trumpet-shaped or cup-shaped outgrowth of the corolla of a daffodil or narcissus flower: the outermost region of the sun's atmosphere; visible as a white halo during a solar eclipse: an electrical discharge accompanied by ionization of surrounding atmosphere
  • gait - noun a person's manner of walking: a horse's manner of moving: the rate of moving (especially walking or running)
  • stroke - noun a light touch with the hands: a single complete movement: (sports) the act of swinging or striking at a ball with a club or racket or bat or cue or hand: any one of the repeated movements of the limbs and body used for locomotion in swimming or rowing: a mark made by a writing implement (as in cursive writing): a light touch: the oarsman nearest the stern of the shell who sets the pace for the rest of the crew: a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain: a punctuation mark (/) used to separate related items of information: the maximum movement available to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam: verb treat gingerly or carefully: strike a ball with a smooth blow: row at a particular rate: touch lightly and with affection, with brushing motions
  • linked - adj. connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks
  • type - noun a small metal block bearing a raised character on one end; produces a printed character when inked and pressed on paper: a subdivision of a particular kind of thing: all of the tokens of the same symbol: printed characters: (biology) the taxonomic group whose characteristics are used to define the next higher taxon: a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities): verbidentify as belonging to a certain type: write by means of a keyboard with types
  • innermost - adj. situated or occurring farthest within: being deepest within the self
  • lens - noun a transparent optical device used to converge or diverge transmitted light and to form images: electronic equipment that uses a magnetic or electric field in order to focus a beam of electrons:biconvex transparent body situated behind the iris in the eye; it focuses light waves on the retina: (metaphor) a channel through which something can be seen or understood: genus of small erect or climbing herbs with pinnate leaves and small inconspicuous white flowers and small flattened pods: lentils
  • negative - adj. expressing or consisting of a negation or refusal or denial: having the quality of something harmful or unpleasant:characterized by or displaying negation or denial or opposition or resistance; having no positive features: less than zero: reckoned in a direction opposite to that regarded as positive: not indicating the presence of microorganisms or disease or a specific condition:having a negative electric charge: involving disadvantage or harm:designed or tending to discredit, especially without positive or helpful suggestions: noun a piece of photographic film showing an image with black and white tones reversed: a reply of denial: verb vote against; refuse to endorse; refuse to assent
  • bowman - noun a person who is expert in the use of a bow and arrow
  • transport - noun an exchange of molecules (and their kinetic energy and momentum) across the boundary between adjacent layers of a fluid or across cell membranes: the commercial enterprise of moving goods and materials: something that serves as a means of transportation: a mechanism that transports magnetic tape across the read/write heads of a tape playback/recorder: a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion: verb move while supporting, either in a vehicle or in one's hands or on one's body: transport commercially: move something or somebody around; usually over long distances: send from one person or place to another: hold spellbound
  • microscopic - adj. too small to be seen except under a microscope:extremely precise with great attention to details: of or relating to or used in microscopy: infinitely or immeasurably small
  • Colony - noun a group of animals of the same type living together:(microbiology) a group of organisms grown from a single parent cell:a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of their home state but are not literally under the home state's system of government: a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country: one of the 13 British colonies that formed the original states of the United States
  • group - noun any number of entities (members) considered as a unit: a set that is closed, associative, has an identity element and every element has an inverse: (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule: verbarrange into a group or groups: form a group or group together
  • compound - adj. of leaf shapes; of leaves composed of several similar parts or lobes: consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts: composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony: noun an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient): a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts: (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight: verb put or add together:combine so as to form a whole; mix: create by mixing or combining:calculate principal and interest: make more intense, stronger, or more marked
  • maneuver - noun an action aimed at evading an opponent: a move made to gain a tactical end: a deliberate coordinated movement requiring dexterity and skill: a military training exercise: a plan for attaining a particular goal: verb act in order to achieve a certain goal: perform a movement in military or naval tactics in order to secure an advantage in attack or defense: direct the course; determine the direction of travelling
  • reproduction - noun the sexual activity of conceiving and bearing offspring: the act of making copies: recall that is hypothesized to work by storing the original stimulus input and reproducing it during recall: the process of generating offspring: copy that is not the original; something that has been copied
  • spleen - noun a large dark-red oval organ on the left side of the body between the stomach and the diaphragm; produces cells involved in immune responses: a feeling of resentful anger
  • quicken - verb show signs of life: give life or energy to: give new life or energy to: move faster: make keen or more acute
  • potassium - noun a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • quickening - noun the process of showing signs of life: the stage of pregnancy at which the mother first feels the movements of the fetus: the act of accelerating; increasing the speed
  • dominance - noun the organic phenomenon in which one of a pair of alleles present in a genotype is expressed in the phenotype and the other allele of the pair is not: the state that exists when one person or group has power over another: superior development of one side of the body: the power or right to give orders or make decisions
  • circular - adj. marked by or moving in a circle: having a circular shape: shaped like a ring: noun an advertisement (usually printed on a page or in a leaflet) intended for wide distribution
  • spasm - noun (pathology) sudden constriction of a hollow organ (as a blood vessel): a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
  • gate - noun a movable barrier in a fence or wall: a computer circuit with several inputs but only one output that can be activated by particular combinations of inputs: passageway (as in an air terminal) where passengers can embark or disembark: total admission receipts at a sports event: verb restrict (school boys') movement to the dormitory or campus as a means of punishment: control with a valve or other device that functions like a gate: supply with a gate
  • furrow - noun a long shallow trench in the ground (especially one made by a plow): a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface: verb hollow out in the form of a furrow or groove: cut a furrow into a columns: make wrinkled or creased
  • digestive - adj. relating to or having the power to cause or promote digestion: noun any substance that promotes digestion
  • promoter - noun someone who is an active supporter and advocate:a sponsor who books and stages public entertainments
  • chronic - adj. being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • mons - noun a mound of fatty tissue covering the pubic area in women
  • elasticity - noun the tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed
  • naive - adj. inexperienced: marked by or showing unaffected simplicity and lack of guile or worldly experience: not initiated; deficient in relevant experience: lacking information or instruction: of or created by one without formal training; simple or naive in style
  • prone - adj. lying face downward: having a tendency (to); often used in combination
  • fermentation - noun a process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances; especially, the anaerobic breakdown of sugar into alcohol: a state of agitation or turbulent change or development
  • plane - adj. having a surface without slope, tilt in which no part is higher or lower than another: noun a carpenter's hand tool with an adjustable blade for smoothing or shaping wood: a power tool for smoothing or shaping wood: (mathematics) an unbounded two-dimensional shape: a level of existence or development: an aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jets: verb cut or remove with or as if with a plane: make even or smooth, with or as with a carpenter's plane: travel on the surface of water
  • decomposition - noun the analysis of a vector field: (biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal action: (chemistry) separation of a substance into two or more substances that may differ from each other and from the original substance: in a decomposed state: the organic phenomenon of rotting
  • capacity - noun a specified function: the maximum production possible: tolerance for alcohol: ability to perform or produce: the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability to understand the facts and significance of your behavior: (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive:the amount that can be contained: an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored: the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment
  • goblet - noun a drinking glass with a base and stem: a bowl-shaped drinking vessel; especially the Eucharistic cup
  • fatty - adj. containing or composed of fat: noun a rotund individual
  • cascade - noun a succession of stages or operations or processes or units: a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls: a sudden downpour (as of tears or sparks etc) likened to a rain shower: verbarrange (open windows) on a computer desktop so that they overlap each other, with the title bars visible: rush down in big quantities, like a cascade
  • integral - adj. constituting the undiminished entirety; lacking nothing essential especially not damaged: existing as an essential constituent or characteristic: noun the result of a mathematical integration; F(x) is the integral of f(x) if dF/dx = f(x)
  • chloride - noun any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion): any compound containing a chlorine atom
  • magnetic - adj. having the properties of a magnet; i.e. of attracting iron or steel: determined by earth's magnetic fields: capable of being magnetized: of or relating to or caused by magnetism: possessing an extraordinary ability to attract: having the properties of a magnet; the ability to draw or pull
  • propagation - noun the spreading of something (a belief or practice) into new regions: the movement of a wave through a medium: the act of producing offspring or multiplying by such production
  • graft - noun the act of grafting something onto something else:(surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient; in some cases the patient can be both donor and recipient: the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage: verb cause to grow together parts from different plants:place the organ of a donor into the body of a recipient
  • area - noun a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function: the extent of a 2-dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary: a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve: a subject of study: a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography): a particular environment or walk of life
  • hip - adj. informed about the latest trends: noun either side of the body below the waist and above the thigh: the ball-and-socket joint between the head of the femur and the acetabulum: the fruit of a rose plant: the structure of the vertebrate skeleton supporting the lower limbs in humans and the hind limbs or corresponding parts in other vertebrates
  • glassy - adj. (used of eyes) lacking liveliness: (of ceramics) having the surface made shiny and nonporous by fusing a vitreous solution to it: resembling glass in smoothness and shininess and slickness
  • trunk - noun luggage consisting of a large strong case used when traveling or for storage: the main stem of a tree; usually covered with bark; the bole is usually the part that is commercially useful for lumber: a long flexible snout as of an elephant: compartment in an automobile that carries luggage or shopping or tools: the body excluding the head and neck and limbs
  • conducting - noun the direction of an orchestra or choir: the way of administering a business
  • matching - adj. intentionally matched: being two identical
  • chain - noun a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament: a necklace made by a stringing objects together: anything that acts as a restraint: a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership: a series of things depending on each other as if linked together: (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule): British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979): a unit of length: a series of hills or mountains: verb fasten or secure with chains: connect or arrange into a chain by linking
  • electrical - adj. relating to or concerned with electricity: using or providing or producing or transmitting or operated by electricity
  • inactive - adj. not active physically or mentally: not engaged in full-time work: lacking activity; lying idle or unused: not progressing or increasing; or progressing slowly: not exerting influence or change:not in physical motion: not participating in a chemical reaction; chemically inert: lacking in energy or will: of e.g. volcanos; not erupting and not extinct: not involved in military operations
  • accommodation - noun (physiology) the automatic adjustment in focal length of the lens of the eye: the act of providing something (lodging or seat or food) to meet a need: living quarters provided for public convenience: in the theories of Jean Piaget: the modification of internal representations in order to accommodate a changing knowledge of reality: a settlement of differences: making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
  • isthmus - noun a cord-like tissue connecting two larger parts of an anatomical structure: a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas
  • rhythm - noun recurring at regular intervals: the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements: the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music: natural family planning in which ovulation is assumed to occur 14 days before the onset of a period (the fertile period would be assumed to extend from day 10 through day 18 of her cycle): an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs
  • primitive - adj. used of preliterate or tribal or nonindustrial societies:of or created by one without formal training; simple or naive in style:little evolved from or characteristic of an earlier ancestral type:belonging to an early stage of technical development; characterized by simplicity and (often) crudeness: noun a word serving as the basis for inflected or derived forms: a mathematical expression from which another expression is derived: a person who belongs to an early stage of civilization
  • selection - noun an assortment of things from which a choice can be made: the act of choosing or selecting: the person or thing chosen or selected: a passage selected from a larger work: a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment
  • positive - adj. formally laid down or imposed: characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance or certainty etc.: greater than zero: reckoned, situated or tending in the direction which naturally or arbitrarily is taken to indicate increase or progress or onward motion:indicating existence or presence of a suspected condition or pathogen: having a positive electric charge: involving advantage or good: persuaded of; very sure: marked by excessive confidence:impossible to deny or disprove: of or relating to positivism: noun a film showing a photographic image whose tones correspond to those of the original subject
  • organs - noun edible viscera of a butchered animal
  • concentration - noun strengthening the amount of a substance in a unit amount of another substance (as of a solute in a mixture) by removing the other substance: bringing together military forces:(chemistry) the strength of a solution; number of molecules of a substance in a given volume (expressed as moles/cubic meter): the spatial property of being crowded together: complete attention; intense mental effort: increase in density: great and constant diligence and attention
  • periodic - adj. recurring or reappearing from time to time: happening or recurring at regular intervals: recurring at regular intervals
  • Opposition - noun a body of people united in opposing something:the major political party opposed to the party in office and prepared to replace it if elected: a contestant that you are matched against: a direction opposite to another: the relation between opposed entities:the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with: the act of hostile groups opposing each other: an armed adversary (especially a member of an opposing military force)
  • axis - noun the center around which something rotates: the 2nd cervical vertebra; serves as a pivot for turning the head: a straight line through a body or figure that satisfies certain conditions: in World War II the alliance of Germany and Italy in 1936 which later included Japan and other nations: the main stem or central part about which plant organs or plant parts such as branches are arranged: a group of countries in special alliance
  • output - noun production of a certain amount: what is produced in a given time period: the quantity of something (as a commodity) that is created (usually within a given period of time): final product; the things produced: signal that comes out of an electronic system: verbto create or manufacture a specific amount
  • marginal - adj. being close to a lower limit or or of lower class:producing at a rate that barely covers production costs: of a bare living gained by great labor: at or constituting a border or edge: of questionable or minimal quality: just barely adequate or within a lower limit
  • pit - noun a surface excavation for extracting stone or slate: a trap in the form of a concealed hole: a sizeable hole (usually in the ground):a concavity in a surface (especially an anatomical depression): a workplace consisting of a coal mine plus all the buildings and equipment connected with it: lowered area in front of a stage where an orchestra accompanies the performers: (Christianity) the abode of Satan and the forces of evil; where sinners suffer eternal punishment: the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed: verb remove the pits from: set into opposition or rivalry:mark with a scar
  • mechanism - noun the technical aspects of doing something:device consisting of a piece of machinery; has moving parts that perform some function: (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes: a natural object resembling a machine in structure or function: the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reaction
  • lighten - verb become lighter: become more cheerful: reduce the weight on; make lighter: make more cheerful: alleviate or remove (pressure or stress) or make less oppressive: become brighter:make lighter or brighter
  • complement - noun something added to complete or make perfect:either of two parts that mutually complete each other: a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction: number needed to make up a whole force: a complete number or quantity:one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response: verb make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the complement to
  • thoroughfare - noun a public road from one place to another
  • donor - noun person who makes a gift of property: (medicine) someone who gives blood or tissue or an organ to be used in another person (the host)
  • urine - noun liquid excretory product
  • wave - noun a movement like that of a sudden occurrence or increase in a specified phenomenon: a hairdo that creates undulations in the hair: the act of signaling by a movement of the hand: (physics) a movement up and down or back and forth: one of a series of ridges that moves across the surface of a liquid (especially across a large body of water): something that rises rapidly: a member of the women's reserve of the United States Navy; originally organized during World War II but now no longer a separate branch: a persistent and widespread unusual weather condition (especially of unusual temperatures): an undulating curve:verb set waves in: signal with the hands or nod: twist or roll into coils or ringlets: move or swing back and forth: move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion
  • leg - noun (nautical) the distance traveled by a sailing vessel on a single tack: a cloth covering consisting of the part of a pair of trousers that covers a person's leg: one of the supports for a piece of furniture: a human limb; commonly used to refer to a whole limb but technically only the part of the limb between the knee and ankle:a structure in animals that is similar to a human leg and used for locomotion: the limb of an animal used for food: a section or portion of a journey or course: a prosthesis that replaces a missing leg: a part of a forked or branching shape
  • blood - noun temperament or disposition: the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart: people viewed as members of a group: the descendants of one individual: a dissolute man in fashionable society: verb smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
  • switch - noun the act of changing one thing or position for another:a basketball maneuver; two defensive players shift assignments so that each guards the player usually guarded by the other: a flexible implement used as an instrument of punishment: control consisting of a mechanical or electrical or electronic device for making or breaking or changing the connections in a circuit: railroad track having two movable rails and necessary connections; used to turn a train from one track to another or to store rolling stock: hairpiece consisting of a tress of false hair; used by women to give shape to a coiffure: an event in which one thing is substituted for another: verbmake a shift in or exchange of: lay aside, abandon, or leave for another: flog with or as if with a flexible rod: reverse (a direction, attitude, or course of action): change over, change around, as to a new order or sequence: cause to go on or to be engaged or set in operation: exchange or give (something) in exchange for
  • mineral - adj. of or containing or derived from minerals: composed of matter other than plant or animal: relating to minerals: noun solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
  • ala - noun a wing of an insect: a flat wing-shaped process or winglike part of an organism
  • breathe - verb draw air into, and expel out of, the lungs: reach full flavor by absorbing air and being let to stand after having been uncorked: manifest or evince: utter or tell: impart as if by breathing:be alive: allow the passage of air through: expel (gases or odors):take a short break from one's activities in order to relax
  • central - adj. in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area: centrally located and easy to reach: used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place: serving as an essential component: noun a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • embryo - noun an animal organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation that in higher forms merge into fetal stages but in lower forms terminate in commencement of larval life: (botany) a minute rudimentary plant contained within a seed or an archegonium
  • function - noun the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group: what something is used for: a formal or official social gathering or ceremony: a relation such that one thing is dependent on another: a mathematical relation such that each element of one set is associated with at least one element of another set: a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program: a vaguely specified social event: verb perform as expected when applied: perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function: serve a purpose, role, or function
  • latch - noun catch for fastening a door or gate; a bar that can be lowered or slid into a groove: spring-loaded doorlock that can only be opened from the outside with a key: verb fasten with a latch
  • slit - noun a long narrow opening: a narrow fissure: obscene terms for female genitals: a depression scratched or carved into a surface:verb cut a slit into: make a clean cut through
  • promontory - noun a natural elevation (especially a rocky one that juts out into the sea)
  • cellular - adj. characterized by or divided into or containing cells or compartments (the smallest organizational or structural unit of an organism or organization): relating to cells
  • link - noun a fastener that serves to join or connect: an interconnecting circuit between two or more locations for the purpose of transmitting and receiving data: (computing) an instruction that connects one part of a program or an element on a list to another program or list: a unit of length equal to 1/100 of a chain: the means of connection between things linked in series: a two-way radio communication system (usually microwave); part of a more extensive telecommunication network: a channel for communication between groups: a connecting shape: the state of being connected: verb make a logical or causal connection: connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces: link with or as with a yoke: be or become joined or united or linked
  • short-term - adj. relating to or extending over a limited period
  • apex - noun the point on the celestial sphere toward which the sun and solar system appear to be moving relative to the fixed stars: the highest point (of something)
  • releasing - adj. emotionally purging (of e.g. art)
  • expiration - noun the act of expelling air from the lungs:euphemistic expressions for death: a coming to an end of a contract period
  • burn - noun damage inflicted by fire: a place or area that has been burned (especially on a person's body): an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation: pain that feels hot as if it were on fire: a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun: verb burn with heat, fire, or radiation: undergo combustion: cause to undergo combustion: destroy by fire: feel strong emotion, especially anger or passion: feel hot or painful:spend (significant amounts of money): burn at the stake: cause to burn or combust: shine intensely, as if with heat: get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun: burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent: use up (energy): create by duplicating data: cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort
  • projection - noun any structure that branches out from a central support: the representation of a figure or solid on a plane as it would look from a particular direction: a prediction made by extrapolating from past observations: the projection of an image from a film onto a screen: the acoustic phenomenon that gives sound a penetrating quality: (psychiatry) a defense mechanism by which your own traits and emotions are attributed to someone else: any solid convex shape that juts out from something: the act of expelling or projecting or ejecting: the act of projecting out from something: a planned undertaking
  • convert - noun a person who has been converted to another religious or political belief: verb change in nature, purpose, or function; undergo a chemical change: change the nature, purpose, or function of something: change from one system to another or to a new plan or policy: change religious beliefs, or adopt a religious belief: cause to adopt a new or different faith: make (someone) agree, understand, or realize the truth or validity of something: score (a spare): complete successfully: score an extra point or points after touchdown by kicking the ball through the uprights or advancing the ball into the end zone: exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category: exchange a penalty for a less severe one
  • pulse - noun the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart: edible seeds of various pod-bearing plants (peas or beans or lentils etc.): the rate at which the heart beats; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health: (electronics) a sharp transient wave in the normal electrical state (or a series of such transients): verb produce or modulate (as electromagnetic waves) in the form of short bursts or pulses or cause an apparatus to produce pulses: drive by or as if by pulsation:expand and contract rhythmically; beat rhythmically
  • drug - noun a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic: verbadminister a drug to: use recreational drugs
  • middle - adj. between an earlier and a later period of time: of a stage in the development of a language or literature between earlier and later stages: equally distant from the extremes: being neither at the beginning nor at the end in a series: noun the middle area of the human torso (usually in front): an intermediate part or section: time between the beginning and the end of a temporal period: an area that is approximately central within some larger region: verb put in the middle
  • cue - noun sports implement consisting of a tapering rod used to strike a cue ball in pool or billiards: an actor's line that immediately precedes and serves as a reminder for some action or speech: a stimulus that provides information about what to do: evidence that helps to solve a problem: verb assist (somebody acting or reciting) by suggesting the next words of something forgotten or imperfectly learned
  • Boyle - noun Irish chemist who established that air has weight and whose definitions of chemical elements and chemical reactions helped to dissociate chemistry from alchemy (1627-1691): United States writer (1902-1992)
  • channels - noun official routes of communication
  • regional - adj. related or limited to a particular region: characteristic of a region
  • physiology - noun processes and functions of an organism: the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
  • major - adj. greater in number or size or amount: greater in scope or effect: of full legal age: of a scale or mode: of the field of academic study in which one concentrates or specializes: of greater importance or stature or rank: of greater seriousness or danger:noun the principal field of study of a student at a university: a commissioned military officer in the United States Army or Air Force or Marines; below lieutenant colonel and above captain: a university student who is studying a particular field as the principal subject:British statesman who was prime minister from 1990 until 1997 (born in 1943): verb have as one's principal field of study
  • diabetes - noun any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
  • physiological - adj. of or relating to the biological study of physiology: of or consistent with an organism's normal functioning
  • surgical - adj. performed with great precision: relating to or requiring or amenable to treatment by surgery especially as opposed to medicine: of or relating to or involving or used in surgery
  • inlet - noun an arm off of a larger body of water (often between rocky headlands)
  • neck - noun an opening in a garment for the neck of the wearer; a part of the garment near the wearer's neck: the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body: a cut of meat from the neck of an animal: a narrow elongated projecting strip of land: verbkiss, embrace, or fondle with sexual passion
  • sweat - noun condensation of moisture on a cold surface: use of physical or mental energy; hard work: salty fluid secreted by sweat glands: agitation resulting from active worry: verb excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin
  • pulp - noun the soft inner part of a tooth: an inexpensive magazine printed on poor quality paper: any soft or soggy mass: a soft moist part of a fruit: a mixture of cellulose fibers: verb reduce to pulp:remove the pulp from, as from a fruit
  • consuming - adj. very intense
  • branch - noun an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization: a stream or river connected to a larger one: a division of a stem, or secondary stem arising from the main stem of a plant: a part of a forked or branching shape: any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm: a natural consequence of development: verb divide into two or more branches so as to form a fork: grow and send out branches or branch-like structures
  • inner - adj. inside or closer to the inside of the body: located or occurring within or closer to a center: located inward: innermost or essential: exclusive to a center; especially a center of influence:confined to an exclusive group
  • pad - noun the foot or fleshy cushion-like underside of the toes of an animal: a usually thin flat mass of padding: a block of absorbent material saturated with ink; used to transfer ink evenly to a rubber stamp: the large floating leaf of an aquatic plant (as the water lily): a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge:temporary living quarters: a platform from which rockets or space craft are launched: verb add padding to: line or stuff with soft material: add details to: walk heavily and firmly, as when weary, or through mud
  • emigration - noun migration from a place (especially migration from your native country in order to settle in another)
  • horn - noun one of the bony outgrowths on the heads of certain ungulates: any hard protuberance from the head of an organism that is similar to or suggestive of a horn: an alarm device that makes a loud warning sound: a high pommel of a Western saddle (usually metal covered with leather): a noisemaker (as at parties or games) that makes a loud noise when you blow through it: a noise made by the driver of an automobile to give warning: the material (mostly keratin) that covers the horns of ungulates and forms hooves and claws and nails: a device on an automobile for making a warning noise: a brass musical instrument with a brilliant tone; has a narrow tube and a flared bell and is played by means of valves: a brass musical instrument consisting of a conical tube that is coiled into a spiral and played by means of valves: verb stab or pierce with a horn or tusk
  • paralysis - noun loss of the ability to move a body part
  • transient - adj. of a mental act; causing effects outside the mind:lasting a very short time: noun (physics) a short-lived oscillation in a system caused by a sudden change of voltage or current or load:one who stays for only a short time
  • ridge - noun a beam laid along the edge where two sloping sides of a roof meet at the top; provides an attachment for the upper ends of rafters: any long raised border or margin of a bone or tooth or membrane: a long narrow natural elevation or striation: a long narrow range of hills: a long narrow natural elevation on the floor of the ocean: any long raised strip: verb form into a ridge: spade into alternate ridges and troughs: throw soil toward (a crop row) from both sides: plough alternate strips by throwing the furrow onto an unploughed strip: extend in ridges
  • expulsion - noun the act of expelling or projecting or ejecting: the act of forcing out someone or something: squeezing out by applying pressure
  • complex - adj. complicated in structure; consisting of interconnected parts: noun a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts: (psychoanalysis) a combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior: a compound described in terms of the central atom to which other atoms are bound or coordinated: a whole structure (as a building) made up of interconnected or related structures
  • grade - noun a variety of cattle produced by crossbreeding with a superior breed: the gradient of a slope or road or other surface: the height of the ground on which something stands: a degree of ablaut:a relative position or degree of value in a graded group: a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality: a number or letter indicating quality (especially of a student's performance): a body of students who are taught together: one-hundredth of a right angle:verb determine the grade of or assign a grade to: assign a grade or rank to, according to one's evaluation: level to the right gradient:assign a rank or rating to
  • brim - noun a circular projection that sticks outward from the crown of a hat: the top edge of a vessel or other container: verb fill as much as possible: be completely full
  • breathing - adj. passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally; sometimes used in combination: noun the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation
  • nerves - noun control of your emotions: an uneasy psychological state
  • digital - adj. of a circuit or device that represents magnitudes in digits: relating to or performed with the fingers: displaying numbers rather than scale positions
  • equilibrium - noun a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head: a stable situation in which forces cancel one another: a chemical reaction and its reverse proceed at equal rates: equality of distribution
  • cleft - adj. having one or more incisions reaching nearly to the midrib: used of hooves: noun a split or indentation in something (as the palate or chin): a long narrow opening
  • pregnancy - noun the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
  • innate - adj. present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development: being talented through inherited qualities:not established by conditioning or learning
  • messenger - noun a person who carries a message
  • absorption - noun (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid: (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium: the mental state of being preoccupied by something:complete attention; intense mental effort: the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion: the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
  • mental - adj. affected by a disorder of the mind: involving the mind or an intellectual process: of or relating to the chin- or liplike structure in insects and certain mollusks: of or relating to the mind:of or relating to the chin or median part of the lower jaw
  • cone - noun any cone-shaped artifact: visual receptor cell sensitive to color: cone-shaped mass of ovule- or spore-bearing scales or bracts: a shape whose base is a circle and whose sides taper up to a point: verb make cone-shaped
  • memory - noun an electronic memory device: the power of retaining and recalling past experience: the cognitive processes whereby past experience is remembered: something that is remembered: the area of cognitive psychology that studies memory processes
  • Dalton - noun English chemist and physicist who formulated atomic theory and the law of partial pressures; gave the first description of red-green color blindness (1766-1844)
  • plug - noun blockage consisting of an object designed to fill a hole tightly: an electrical device with two or three pins that is inserted in a socket to make an electrical connection: an old or over-worked horse: an upright hydrant for drawing water to use in fighting a fire:electrical device that fits into the cylinder head of an internal-combustion engine and ignites the gas by means of an electric spark: blatant or sensational promotion: a wad of something chewable as tobacco: verb persist in working hard: make a plug for; praise the qualities or in order to sell or promote: fill or close tightly with or as if with a plug: deliver a quick blow to
  • partial - adj. being or affecting only a part; not total: showing favoritism: (followed by `of' or `to') having a strong preference or liking for: noun a harmonic with a frequency that is a multiple of the fundamental frequency: the derivative of a function of two or more variables with respect to a single variable while the other variables are considered to be constant
  • domain - noun a knowledge domain that you are interested in or are communicating about: territory over which rule or control is exercised: the set of values of the independent variable for which a function is defined: people in general; especially a distinctive group of people with some shared interest: a particular environment or walk of life
  • scar - noun a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue: an indication of damage: verb mark with a scar
  • juice - noun any of several liquids of the body: the liquid part that can be extracted from plant or animal tissue: electric current:energetic vitality
  • communicate - verb transmit thoughts or feelings: transmit information: administer communion; in church: be in verbal contact; interchange information or ideas: join or connect: receive Communion, in the Catholic church: transfer to another
  • prominence - noun relative importance: the state of being prominent: widely known or eminent: something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings
  • trait - noun a distinguishing feature of your personal nature
  • variable - adj. (used of a device) designed so that a property (as e.g. light) can be varied: liable to or capable of change: marked by diversity or difference: noun a quantity that can assume any of a set of values: a symbol (like x or y) that is used in mathematical or logical expressions to represent a variable quantity: something that is likely to vary; something that is subject to variation: a star that varies noticeably in brightness
  • apparatus - noun equipment designed to serve a specific function:(anatomy) a group of body parts that work together to perform a given function
  • iris - noun diaphragm consisting of thin overlapping plates that can be adjusted to change the diameter of a central opening: muscular diaphragm that controls the size of the pupil; it forms the colored portion of the eye: plants with sword-shaped leaves and erect stalks bearing bright-colored flowers composed of three petals and three drooping sepals
  • transfer - noun the act of transfering something from one form to another: transferring ownership: application of a skill learned in one situation to a different but similar situation: a ticket that allows a passenger to change conveyances: someone who transfers or is transferred from one position to another: the act of moving something from one location to another: verb transfer from one place or period to another: move around: change from one vehicle or transportation line to another: cause to change ownership: move from one place to another: transfer somebody to a different position or location of work: send from one person or place to another: lift and reset in another soil or situation: shift the position or location of, as for business, legal, educational, or military purposes
  • delta - noun the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet: a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
  • visual - adj. able to be seen: relating to or using sight
  • latent - adj. not presently active: potentially existing but not presently evident or realized
  • delayed - adj. caused to be slower or later: not as far along as normal in development
  • circuit - noun an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow: (law) a judicial division of a state or the United States (so-called because originally judges traveled and held court in different locations); one of the twelve groups of states in the United States that is covered by a particular circuit court of appeals: an established itinerary of venues or events that a particular group of people travel to: movement once around a course: a journey or route all the way around a particular place or area: a racetrack for automobile races: verb make a circuit
  • continuous - adj. continuing in time or space without interruption: of a function or curve; extending without break or irregularity
  • consume - verb engage fully: serve oneself to, or consume regularly: use up (resources or materials): spend extravagantly:destroy completely: eat immoderately
  • cage - noun an enclosure made or wire or metal bars in which birds or animals can be kept: the net that is the goal in ice hockey: United States composer of avant-garde music (1912-1992): something that restricts freedom as a cage restricts movement: a movable screen placed behind home base to catch balls during batting practice: verbconfine in a cage
  • folding - adj. capable of being folded up and stored: noun the act of folding: a geological process that causes a bend in a stratum of rock: the process whereby a protein molecule assumes its intricate three-dimensional shape
  • sympathetic - adj. expressing or feeling or resulting from sympathy or compassion or friendly fellow feelings; disposed toward: (of characters in literature or drama) evoking empathic or sympathetic feelings: of or relating to the sympathetic nervous system: having similar disposition and tastes: relating to vibrations that occur as a result of vibrations in a nearby body: showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding and generosity
  • loop - noun a flight maneuver; aircraft flies a complete circle in the vertical plane: an intrauterine device in the shape of a loop: a computer program that performs a series of instructions repeatedly until some specified condition is satisfied: the basic pattern of the human fingerprint: an inner circle of advisors (especially under President Reagan): anything with a round or oval shape (formed by a curve that is closed and does not intersect itself): a complete electrical circuit around which current flows or a signal circulates:fastener consisting of a metal ring for lining a small hole to permit the attachment of cords or lines: the topology of a network whose components are serially connected in such a way that the last component is connected to the first component: (computer science) a single execution of a set of instructions that are to be repeated:verb fasten or join with a loop: make a loop in: fly loops, perform a loop: move in loops: wind around something in coils or loops
  • par - noun (golf) the standard number of strokes set for each hole on a golf course, or for the entire course: a state of being essentially equal or equivalent; equally balanced: verb make a score (on a hole) equal to par
  • wing - noun a movable organ for flying (one of a pair): one of the horizontal airfoils on either side of the fuselage of an airplane: a stage area out of sight of the audience: the wing of a fowl: a unit of military aircraft: a hockey player stationed in a forward position on either side: an addition that extends a main building: a barrier that surrounds the wheels of a vehicle to block splashing water or mud:the side of military or naval formation: verb travel through the air; be airborne
  • hair - noun a filamentous projection or process on an organism: any of the cylindrical filaments characteristically growing from the epidermis of a mammal: a covering for the body (or parts of it) consisting of a dense growth of threadlike structures (as on the human head); helps to prevent heat loss: filamentous hairlike growth on a plant: cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments: a very small distance or space
  • growth - noun vegetation that has grown: something grown or growing: (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level:a progression from simpler to more complex forms: (pathology) an abnormal proliferation of tissue (as in a tumor): the gradual beginning or coming forth: a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous or more important
  • jerk - noun an abrupt spasmodic movement: raising a weight from shoulder height to above the head by straightening the arms: a dull stupid fatuous person: (mechanics) the rate of change of acceleration: a sudden abrupt pull: meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun: verb throw or toss with a quick motion:move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions: make an uncontrolled, short, jerky motion: pull, or move with a sudden movement: jump vertically, with legs stiff and back arched
  • coupled - adj. connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks:joined together especially in a pair or pairs
  • hemisphere - noun either half of the cerebrum: half of the terrestrial globe: half of a sphere
  • basement - noun the lowermost portion of a structure partly or wholly below ground level; often used for storage: the ground floor facade or interior in Renaissance architecture
  • antagonist - noun a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug: a muscle that relaxes while another contracts:someone who offers opposition
  • dense - adj. slow to learn or understand; lacking intellectual acuity:having high relative density or specific gravity: hard to pass through because of dense growth: permitting little if any light to pass through because of denseness of matter: having component parts closely crowded together
  • atom - noun (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything: (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
  • hydrogen - noun a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • Willis - noun English physician who was a pioneer in the study of the brain (1621-1675)
  • cords - noun cotton trousers made of corduroy cloth
  • incomplete - adj. not complete or total; not completed: not yet finished
  • minor - adj. limited in size or scope: inferior in number or size or amount: lesser in scope or effect: not of legal age: of a scale or mode: of your secondary field of academic concentration or specialization: of lesser importance or stature or rank: of lesser seriousness or danger: warranting only temporal punishment: nouna young person of either sex
  • adaptation - noun (physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light): a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form: the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  • renewal - noun the act of renewing: the conversion of wasteland into land suitable for use of habitation or cultivation: filling again by supplying what has been used up
  • orbit - noun the (usually elliptical) path described by one celestial body in its revolution about another: the path of an electron around the nucleus of an atom: an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control: "the range of a supersonic jet": the bony cavity in the skull containing the eyeball: a particular environment or walk of life: verb move in an orbit
  • fraction - noun a small part or item forming a piece of a whole: the quotient of two rational numbers: a component of a mixture that has been separated by a fractional process: verb perform a division
  • organism - noun a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently: a system considered analogous in structure or function to a living body
  • element - noun the most favorable environment for a plant or animal: a straight line that generates a cylinder or cone: the situation in which you are happiest and most effective: one of four substances thought in ancient and medieval cosmology to constitute the physical universe: an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system: an abstract part of something: any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
  • digest - noun a periodical that summarizes the news: something that is compiled (as into a single book or file): verb soften or disintegrate by means of chemical action, heat, or moisture: make more concise: soften or disintegrate, as by undergoing exposure to heat or moisture: systematize, as by classifying and summarizing:become assimilated into the body: arrange and integrate in the mind: put up with something or somebody unpleasant: convert food into absorbable substances
  • greater - adj. greater in size or importance or degree
  • sickness - noun defectiveness or unsoundness: impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism: the state that precedes vomiting
  • perpendicular - adj. extremely steep: intersecting at or forming right angles: at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line:noun an extremely steep face: a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England; characterized by vertical lines and a four-centered (Tudor) arch and fan vaulting: a straight line at right angles to another line: a cord from which a metal weight is suspended pointing directly to the earth's center of gravity; used to determine the vertical from a given point
  • mechanical - adj. using (or as if using) mechanisms or tools or devices: relating to or governed by or in accordance with mechanics: relating to or concerned with machinery or tools
  • outlet - noun activity that frees or expresses creative energy or emotion: an opening that permits escape or release: a place of business for retailing goods: receptacle providing a place in a wiring system where current can be taken to run electrical devices
  • dependent - adj. addicted to a drug: contingent on something else:not independent: (of a clause) unable to stand alone syntactically as a complete sentence: being under the power or sovereignty of another or others: supported from above: noun a person who relies on another person for support (especially financial support)
  • mixing - noun the act of mixing together
  • mass - adj. gathered or tending to gather into a mass or whole:noun (Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches) the celebration of the Eucharist: the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field: a sequence of prayers constituting the Christian Eucharistic rite: a musical setting for a Mass: an ill-structured collection of similar things (objects or people):a body of matter without definite shape: the property of something that is great in magnitude: the common people generally: (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent: verb join together into a mass or collect or form a mass
  • indirect - adj. not direct in spatial dimension; not leading by a straight line or course to a destination: extended senses; not direct in manner or language or behavior or action: having intervening factors or persons or influences: not as a direct effect or consequence: descended from a common ancestor but through different lines
  • clasp - noun the act of grasping: a fastener (as a buckle or hook) that is used to hold two things together: verb hold firmly and tightly:grasp firmly: fasten with a buckle or buckles: fasten with or as if with a brooch
  • arc - noun a continuous portion of a circle: electrical conduction through a gas in an applied electric field: something curved in shape: verb form an arch or curve
  • gross - adj. repellently fat: lacking fine distinctions or detail: before any deductions: conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible: conspicuously and tastelessly indecent: visible to the naked eye (especially of rocks and anatomical features): without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers: nounthe entire amount of income before any deductions are made:twelve dozen: verb earn before taxes, expenses, etc.
  • target - noun sports equipment consisting of an object set up for a marksman or archer to aim at: a reference point to shoot at: the location of the target that is to be hit: the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable): a person who is the aim of an attack (especially a victim of ridicule or exploitation) by some hostile person or influence: verb intend (something) to move towards a certain goal
  • space - noun the unlimited expanse in which everything is located: a blank area: a blank character used to separate successive words in writing or printing: one of the areas between or below or above the lines of a musical staff: an area reserved for some particular purpose: an empty area (usually bounded in some way between things): (printing) a block of type without a raised letter; used for spacing between words: the interval between two times: verb place at intervals
  • ending - noun the end of a word (a suffix or inflectional ending or final morpheme): event whose occurrence ends something: the act of ending something: the last section of a communication: the point in time at which something ends
  • disease - noun an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • parallel - adj. being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting: of or relating to the simultaneous performance of multiple operations:noun something having the property of being analogous to something else: an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator: verb make or place parallel to something: be parallel to:duplicate or match
  • inspiration - noun arousing to a particular emotion or action: a product of your creative thinking and work: a sudden intuition as part of solving a problem: arousal of the mind to special unusual activity or creativity: the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing: (theology) a special influence of a divinity on the minds of human beings
  • suspension - noun a temporary debarment (from a privilege or position etc): the act of suspending something (hanging it from above so it moves freely): a mechanical system of springs or shock absorbers connecting the wheels and axles to the chassis of a wheeled vehicle: an interruption in the intensity or amount of something: a mixture in which fine particles are suspended in a fluid where they are supported by buoyancy: temporary cessation or suspension: a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
  • spontaneous - adj. happening or arising without apparent external cause: said or done without having been planned or written in advance
  • appendix - noun a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch: supplementary material that is collected and appended at the back of a book
  • eccentric - adj. not having a common center; not concentric:conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual: noun a person with an unusual or odd personality: a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities)
  • formation - noun the fabrication of something in a particular shape:creation by mental activity: a particular spatial arrangement: an arrangement of people or things acting as a unit: natural process that causes something to form: the act of forming something:(geology) the geological features of the earth
  • humor - noun the trait of appreciating (and being able to express) the humorous: the quality of being funny: (Middle Ages) one of the four fluids in the body whose balance was believed to determine your emotional and physical state: the liquid parts of the body: a message whose ingenuity or verbal skill or incongruity has the power to evoke laughter: a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling: verb put into a good mood
  • atomic - adj. immeasurably small: of or relating to or comprising atoms: (weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy
  • depression - noun pushing down: sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy: angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object): a concavity in a surface produced by pressing: a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity: a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment: a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment: a sunken or depressed geological formation: a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention: an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
  • oval - adj. rounded like an egg: noun a closed plane curve resulting from the intersection of a circular cone and a plane cutting completely through it
  • mechanically - adv. in a machinelike manner; without feeling: in a mechanical manner; by a mechanism
  • brain - noun that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord: mental ability: the brain of certain animals used as meat: that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason: someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality: verb kill by smashing someone's skull: hit on the head
  • exhaustion - noun the act of exhausting something entirely:extreme fatigue: serious weakening and loss of energy
  • mast - noun a vertical spar for supporting sails: any sturdy upright pole: nuts of forest trees used as feed for swine: nuts of forest trees (as beechnuts and acorns) accumulated on the ground; used especially as food for swine
  • deep - adj. exhibiting great cunning usually with secrecy: strong; intense: very distant in time or space: having great spatial extension or penetration downward or inward from an outer surface or backward or laterally or outward from a center; sometimes used in combination: relatively deep or strong; affecting one deeply: with head or back bent low: large in quantity or size: extreme: marked by depth of thinking: relatively thick from top to bottom: extending relatively far inward: difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledge: of an obscure nature:having or denoting a low vocal or instrumental range: (of darkness) very intense: adv. to far into space: to an advanced time: to a great depth: noun literary term for an ocean: the central and most intense or profound part: a long steep-sided depression in the ocean floor
  • rate - noun amount of a charge or payment relative to some basis: a quantity or amount or measure considered as a proportion of another quantity or amount or measure: a magnitude or frequency relative to a time unit: the relative speed of progress or change: verbassign a rank or rating to: estimate the value of: be worthy of or have a certain rating
  • ear - noun the sense organ for hearing and equilibrium: good hearing: attention to what is said: fruiting spike of a cereal plant especially corn: the externally visible cartilaginous structure of the external ear
  • stretch - adj. easily stretched: having an elongated seating area:noun extension to or beyond the ordinary limit: exercise designed to extend the limbs and muscles to their full extent: a straightaway section of a racetrack: the capacity for being stretched: a large and unbroken expanse or distance: an unbroken period of time during which you do something: the act of physically reaching or thrusting out: verb extend one's limbs or muscles, or the entire body: extend one's body or limbs: become longer by being stretched and pulled:extend the scope or meaning of; often unduly: pull in opposite directions: lie down comfortably: occupy a large, elongated area:increase in quantity or bulk by adding a cheaper substance: make long or longer by pulling and stretching: corrupt, debase, or make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance; often by replacing valuable ingredients with inferior ones: extend or stretch out to a greater or the full length
  • liver - adj. having a reddish-brown color: noun large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn-out erythrocytes: liver of an animal used as meat: someone who lives in a place: a person who has a special life style
  • vocal - adj. full of the sound of voices: having or using the power to produce speech or sound: relating to or designed for or using the singing voice: given to expressing yourself freely or insistently: nouna short musical composition with words: music intended to be performed by one or more singers, usually with instrumental accompaniment
  • ankle - noun a gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus
  • belly - noun the underpart of the body of certain vertebrates such as snakes or fish: a protruding abdomen: the hollow inside of something: a part that bulges deeply: the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis: verb swell out or bulge out
  • translation - noun the act of uniform movement: rewording something in less technical terminology: a written communication in a second language having the same meaning as the written communication in a first language: a uniform movement without rotation: (genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm: (mathematics) a transformation in which the origin of the coordinate system is moved to another position but the direction of each axis remains the same: the act of changing in form or shape or appearance
  • total - adj. constituting the full quantity or extent; complete: complete in extent or degree and in every particular: without conditions or limitations: including everything: noun the whole amount: a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers: verb damage beyond the point of repair: determine the sum of: add up in number or quantity
  • wings - noun a means of flight or ascent: stylized bird wings worn as an insignia by qualified pilots or air crew members
  • body - noun the external structure of a vehicle: the entire structure of an organism (especially an animal or human being): a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person: the central message of a communication: a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity: a collection of particulars considered as a system: an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects:the property of holding together and retaining its shape: the body excluding the head and neck and limbs: verb invest with or as with a body; give body to
  • common - adj. having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual: belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public: commonly encountered: being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language: of or associated with the great masses of people: to be expected; standard: common to or shared by two or more parties:lacking refinement or cultivation or taste: of low or inferior quality or value: noun a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
  • line - noun acting in conformity: something (as a cord or rope) that is long and thin and flexible: the road consisting of railroad track and roadbed: a commercial organization serving as a common carrier: a particular kind of product or merchandise: a conceptual separation or distinction: a mark that is long relative to its width: text consisting of a row of words written across a page or computer screen: a formation of people or things one behind another: a formation of people or things one beside another: a spatial location defined by a real or imaginary unidimensional extent: in games or sports; a mark indicating positions or bounds of the playing area: a fortified position (especially one marking the most forward position of troops): a single frequency (or very narrow band) of radiation in a spectrum: a length (straight or curved) without breadth or thickness; the trace of a moving point: the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money: a conductor for transmitting electrical or optical signals or electric power: a pipe used to transport liquids or gases: mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it: a telephone connection: the methodical process of logical reasoning: (often plural) a means of communication or access: a short personal letter:a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence: the descendants of one individual: a connected series of events or actions or developments: the maximum credit that a customer is allowed: space for one line of print (one column wide and 1/14 inch deep) used to measure advertising: a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface: verb reinforce with fabric: fill plentifully:cover the interior of: mark with lines: be in line with; form a line along: make a mark or lines on a surface
  • carrier - noun (genetics) an organism that possesses a recessive gene whose effect is masked by a dominant allele; the associated trait is not apparent but can be passed on to offspring: a rack attached to a vehicle; for carrying luggage or skis or the like: a self-propelled wheeled vehicle designed specifically to carry something:a person or firm in the business of transporting people or goods or messages: (medicine) a person (or animal) who has some pathogen to which he is immune but who can pass it on to others: a boy who delivers newspapers: someone whose employment involves carrying something: an inactive substance that is a vehicle for a radioactive tracer of the same substance and that assists in its recovery after some chemical reaction: a large warship that carries planes and has a long flat deck for takeoffs and landings: a man who delivers the mail: a radio wave that can be modulated in order to transmit a signal
  • muscular - adj. having or suggesting great physical power or force:of or relating to or consisting of muscle: having a robust muscular body-build characterized by predominance of structures (bone and muscle and connective tissue) developed from the embryonic mesodermal layer: (of a person) possessing physical strength and weight; rugged and powerful
  • vital - adj. manifesting or characteristic of life: performing an essential function in the living body: full of spirit: urgently needed; absolutely necessary
  • recipient - noun a person who gets something: the semantic role of the animate entity that is passively involved in the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • horizontal - adj. parallel to or in the plane of the horizon or a base line: noun something that is oriented horizontally
  • tight - adj. affected by scarcity and expensive to borrow: packed closely together: of such close construction as to be impermeable:closely constrained or constricted or constricting: securely or solidly fixed in place; rigid: set so close together as to be invulnerable to penetration: demanding strict attention to rules and procedures:exasperatingly difficult to handle or circumvent: very drunk: (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched: (used of persons or behavior) characterized by or indicative of lack of generosity:pressed tightly together: of textiles: pulled or drawn tight: adv. firmly or tightly: in an attentive manner
  • combine - noun harvester that heads and threshes and cleans grain while moving across the field: an occurrence that results in things being united: a consortium of independent organizations formed to limit competition by controlling the production and distribution of a product or service: verb add together from different sources: join for a common purpose or in a common action: put or add together: mix together different elements: gather in a mass, sum, or whole:combine so as to form a whole; mix: have or possess in combination
  • nuclear - adj. constituting or like a nucleus: (weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy: of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of an atom: of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of a cell
  • expressive - adj. characterized by expression
  • satellite - adj. surrounding and dominated by a central authority or power: noun man-made equipment that orbits around the earth or the moon: any celestial body orbiting around a planet or star: a person who follows or serves another: verb broadcast or disseminate via satellite
  • chart - noun a map designed to assist navigation by air or sea: a visual display of information: verb plan in detail: make a chart of:represent by means of a graph
  • shell - noun the hard largely calcareous covering of a mollusc:ammunition consisting of a cylindrical metal casing containing an explosive charge and a projectile; fired from a large gun: the housing or outer covering of something: a very light narrow racing boat: a rigid covering that envelops an object: the exterior covering of a bird's egg: the hard usually fibrous outer layer of some fruits especially nuts: the material that forms the hard outer covering of many animals: hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtles: a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners): verb remove from its shell or outer covering: look for and collect shells by the seashore: hit the pitches of hard and regularly: fall out of the pod or husk: remove the husks from: come out better in a competition, race, or conflict: use explosives on
  • defense - noun protection from harm: military action or resources protecting a country against potential enemies: a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him: the justification for some act or belief: an organization of defenders that provides resistance against attack: the defendant and his legal advisors collectively: (sports) the team that is trying to prevent the other team from scoring: a structure used to defend against attack:the speech act of answering an attack on your assertions: the federal department responsible for safeguarding national security of the United States; created in 1947: (psychiatry) an unconscious process that tries to reduce the anxiety associated with instinctive desires
  • test - noun the act of testing something: the act of undergoing testing: any standardized procedure for measuring sensitivity or memory or intelligence or aptitude or personality etc: a hard outer covering as of some amoebas and sea urchins: trying something to find out about it: a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge: verb undergo a test: determine the presence or properties of (a substance): achieve a certain score or rating on a test: put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to:show a certain characteristic when tested: examine someone's knowledge of something: test or examine for the presence of disease or infection
  • tunnel - noun a passageway through or under something, usually underground (especially one for trains or cars): a hole in the ground made by an animal for shelter: verb force a way through: move through by or as by digging
  • tension - noun the action of stretching something tight: (physics) a stress that produces an elongation of an elastic physical body: a balance between and interplay of opposing elements or tendencies (especially in art or literature): (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense: the physical condition of being stretched or strained: feelings of hostility that are not manifest
  • float - noun something that remains on the surface of a liquid: a hand tool with a flat face used for smoothing and finishing the surface of plaster or cement or stucco: an elaborate display mounted on a platform carried by a truck (or pulled by a truck) in a procession or parade: the number of shares outstanding and available for trading by the public: the time interval between the deposit of a check in a bank and its payment: a drink with ice cream floating in it: verb convert from a fixed point notation to a floating point notation: allow (currencies) to fluctuate: make the surface of level or smooth: put into the water: move lightly, as if suspended: set afloat: be in motion due to some air or water current: be afloat; stay on a liquid surface; not sink: circulate or discuss tentatively; test the waters with
  • degree - noun a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality:the seriousness of something (e.g., a burn or crime): the highest power of a term or variable: a measure for arcs and angles: a unit of temperature on a specified scale: a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process: an award conferred by a college or university signifying that the recipient has satisfactorily completed a course of study
  • active - adj. characterized by energetic activity: engaged in full-time work: full of activity or engaged in continuous activity: tending to become more severe or wider in scope: disposed to take action or effectuate change: (of e.g. volcanos) erupting or liable to erupt: (of e.g. volcanos) capable of erupting: expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water'): expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor: "Hemingway favors active constructions": exerting influence or producing a change or effect: of the sun; characterized by a high level activity in sunspots and flares and radio emissions: in operation: taking part in an activity: engaged in or ready for military or naval operations: noun a person devoted to the active life: the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb: chemical agent capable of activity
  • outer - adj. being on or toward the outside of the body: being on the outside or further from a center: located outside
  • jaw - noun holding device consisting of one or both of the opposing parts of a tool that close to hold an object: the part of the skull of a vertebrate that frames the mouth and holds the teeth: the bones of the skull that frame the mouth and serve to open it; the bones that hold the teeth: verb censure severely or angrily: talk incessantly and tiresomely: talk socially without exchanging too much information:chew (food)
  • trunks - noun trousers that end at or above the knee
  • streak - noun a distinctive characteristic: a sudden flash (as of lightning): an unbroken series of events: a marking of a different color or texture from the background: verb run naked in a public place: move quickly in a straight line: mark with spots or blotches of different color or shades of color as if stained
  • stimulus - noun any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action
  • map - noun a diagrammatic representation of the earth's surface (or part of it): a function such that for every element of one set there is a unique element of another set: verb to establish a mapping (of mathematical elements or sets): explore or survey for the purpose of making a map: make a map of; show or establish the features of details of: depict as if on a map: plan, delineate, or arrange in detail:locate within a specific region of a chromosome in relation to known DNA or gene sequences
  • flow - noun the act of flowing or streaming; continuous progression:the motion characteristic of fluids (liquids or gases): any uninterrupted stream or discharge: the amount of fluid that flows in a given time: dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas: the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause:something that resembles a flowing stream in moving continuously:verb cover or swamp with water: move or progress freely as if in a stream: cause to flow: be abundantly present: undergo menstruation: fall or flow in a certain way: move along, of liquids
  • union - adj. being of or having to do with the northern United States and those loyal to the Union during the American Civil War: of trade unions: noun the act of making or becoming a single unit: a device on a national flag emblematic of the union of two or more sovereignties (typically in the upper inner corner): the occurrence of a uniting of separate parts: a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets: an organization of employees formed to bargain with the employer: a political unit formed from previously independent people or organizations: the United States (especially the northern states during the American Civil War):healing process involving the growing together of the edges of a wound or the growing together of broken bones: the state of being joined or united or linked: the act of pairing a male and female for reproductive purposes: the state of being a married couple voluntarily joined for life (or until divorce)
  • region - noun the extended spatial location of something: a large indefinite location on the surface of the Earth: the approximate amount of something (usually used prepositionally as in `in the region of'): a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve: a knowledge domain that you are interested in or are communicating about
  • vessel - noun a craft designed for water transportation: an object used as a container (especially for liquids): a tube in which a body fluid circulates
  • yielding - adj. tending to give in or surrender or agree: lacking stiffness and giving way to pressure: inclined to yield to argument or influence or control: noun the act of conceding or yielding: a verbal act of admitting defeat
  • flora - noun a living organism lacking the power of locomotion: all the plant life in a particular region or period
  • tongue - noun the flap of material under the laces of a shoe or boot:a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity: a manner of speaking: the tongue of certain animals used as meat: any long thin projection that is transient: metal striker that hangs inside a bell and makes a sound by hitting the side: a human written or spoken language used by a community; opposed to e.g. a computer language: a narrow strip of land that juts out into the sea: verb lick or explore with the tongue:articulate by tonguing, as when playing wind instruments
  • resistance - noun the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with: the military action of resisting the enemy's advance: group action in opposition to those in power:(psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness: the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease-causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin-resistant bacteria): any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion: an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current: a secret group organized to overthrow a government or occupation force: a material's opposition to the flow of electric current; measured in ohms: (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
  • voluntary - adj. of your own free will or design; not forced or compelled: controlled by individual volition: noun composition (often improvised) for a solo instrument (especially solo organ) and not a regular part of a religious service or musical performance: (military) a person who freely enlists for service
  • skull - noun the bony skeleton of the head of vertebrates
  • permanent - adj. continuing or enduring without marked change in status or condition or place: not capable of being reversed or returned to the original condition: noun a series of waves in the hair made by applying heat and chemicals
  • envelope - noun any wrapper or covering: a flat rectangular paper container for papers: the bag containing the gas in a balloon: the maximum operating capability of a system: a natural covering (as by a fluid): a curve that is tangent to each of a family of curves
  • limb - noun the graduated arc that is attached to an instrument for measuring angles: either of the two halves of a bow from handle to tip: one of the jointed appendages of an animal used for locomotion or grasping: arm; leg; wing; flipper: (astronomy) the circumferential edge of the apparent disc of the sun or the moon or a planet: any of the main branches arising from the trunk or a bough of a tree: any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm
  • compact - adj. closely and firmly united or packed together: having component parts closely crowded together: heavy and compact in form or stature: briefly giving the gist of something: noun a small cosmetics case with a mirror; to be carried in a woman's purse: a small and economical car: a signed written agreement between two or more parties (nations) to perform some action: verb have the property of being packable or of compacting easily: squeeze or press together: make more compact by or as if by pressing:compress into a wad
  • gray - adj. of an achromatic color of any lightness intermediate between the extremes of white and black: darkened with overcast:intermediate in character or position: used to signify the Confederate forces in the American Civil War (who wore grey uniforms): showing characteristics of age, especially having grey or white hair: noun a neutral achromatic color midway between white and black: United States botanist who specialized in North American flora and who was an early supporter of Darwin's theories of evolution (1810-1888): American navigator who twice circumnavigated the globe and who discovered the Columbia River (1755-1806): English poet best known for his elegy written in a country churchyard (1716-1771):horse of a light gray or whitish color: clothing that is a grey color:any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are grey: verbturn grey: make grey
  • colony - noun a group of animals of the same type living together:(microbiology) a group of organisms grown from a single parent cell:a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of their home state but are not literally under the home state's system of government: a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country: one of the 13 British colonies that formed the original states of the United States
  • class - noun elegance in dress or behavior: people having the same social or economic status: a collection of things sharing a common attribute: (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more orders: a body of students who are taught together: a body of students who graduate together: a league ranked by quality:education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings: verb arrange or order by classes or categories
  • organic - adj. involving or affecting physiology or bodily organs:simple and healthful and close to nature: relating or belonging to the class of chemical compounds having a carbon basis: being or relating to or derived from or having properties characteristic of living organisms: of or relating to foodstuff grown or raised without synthetic fertilizers or pesticides or hormones: of or relating to or derived from living organisms: constitutional in the structure of something (especially your physical makeup): noun a fertilizer that is derived from animal or vegetable matter
  • drift - noun a horizontal (or nearly horizontal) passageway in a mine: the pervading meaning or tenor: a general tendency to change (as of opinion): something that is heaped up by the wind or by water currents: a force that moves something along: the gradual departure from an intended course due to external influences (as a ship or plane): a process of linguistic change over a period of time:verb be piled up in banks or heaps by the force of wind or a current:be subject to fluctuation: drive slowly and far afield for grazing:cause to be carried by a current: move in an unhurried fashion: vary or move from a fixed point or course: move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment: be in motion due to some air or water current: wander from a direct course or at random: live unhurriedly, irresponsibly, or freely
  • smooth - adj. lacking obstructions or difficulties: having a surface free from roughness or bumps or ridges or irregularities: of motion that runs or flows or proceeds without jolts or turbulence: of the margin of a leaf shape; not broken up into teeth: (of a body of water) free from disturbance by heavy waves: smoothly agreeable and courteous with a degree of sophistication: smooth and unconstrained in movement: (music) without breaks between notes; smooth and connected: noun the act of smoothing: verb make smooth or smoother, as if by rubbing: free from obstructions: make (a surface) shine
  • elements - noun violent or severe weather (viewed as caused by the action of the four elements)
  • expansion - noun the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope: adding information or detail: a discussion that provides additional information
  • circulation - noun the spread or transmission of something (as news or money) to a wider group or area: the dissemination of copies of periodicals (as newspapers or magazines): free movement or passage through a series of vessels (as of water through pipes or sap through a plant): movement through a circuit; especially the movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels: number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold: (library science) the count of books that are loaned by a library over a specified period
  • olive - adj. of a yellow-green color similar to that of an unripe olive:noun a yellow-green color of low brightness and saturation: one-seeded fruit of the European olive tree usually pickled and used as a relish: hard yellow often variegated wood of an olive tree; used in cabinetwork: evergreen tree cultivated in the Mediterranean region since antiquity and now elsewhere; has edible shiny black fruits:small ovoid fruit of the European olive tree; important food and source of oil
  • irregular - adj. not occurring at expected times: independent in behavior or thought: of a surface; not level or flat: lacking continuity or regularity: contrary to rule or accepted order or general practice:(of solids) not having clear dimensions that can be measured; volume must be determined with the principle of liquid displacement:(used of the military) not belonging to or engaged in by regular army forces: deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal: noun merchandise that has imperfections; usually sold at a reduced price without the brand name: a member of an irregular armed force that fights a stronger force by sabotage and harassment
  • base - adj. debased; not genuine: illegitimate: having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality: of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense): not adhering to ethical or moral principles:(used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal: serving as or forming a base: noun a support or foundation: place that runner must touch before scoring: (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector: installation from which a military force initiates operations: a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit: the principal ingredient of a mixture: the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end: (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment: the bottom or lowest part: (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place: the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed: any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water: lowest support of a structure: the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area: the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained: (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed: a lower limit: a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries: the most important or necessary part of something: verb use as a basis for; found on: assign to a station: use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes
  • hook - noun a short swinging punch delivered from the side with the elbow bent: a golf shot that curves to the left for a right-handed golfer: a curved or bent implement for suspending or pulling something: a mechanical device that is curved or bent to suspend or hold or pull something: a catch for locking a door: a sharp curve or crook; a shape resembling a hook: a basketball shot made over the head with the hand that is farther from the basket: anything that serves as an enticement: verb approach with an offer of sexual favors: entice and trap: secure with the foot: fasten with a hook:catch with a hook: hit with a hook: hit a ball and put a spin on it so that it travels to the left: take by theft: to cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, especially a narcotic drug):make a piece of needlework by interlocking and looping thread with a hooked needle: make off with belongings of others: rip off; ask an unreasonable price
  • initial - adj. occurring at the beginning: noun the first letter of a word (especially a person's name): verb mark with one's initials
  • delay - noun the act of delaying; inactivity resulting in something being put off until a later time: time during which some action is awaited: verb cause to be slowed down or delayed: act later than planned, scheduled, or required: slow the growth or development of:stop or halt
  • intensity - noun high level or degree; the property of being intense:the amount of energy transmitted (as by acoustic or electromagnetic radiation): chromatic purity: freedom from dilution with white and hence vivid in hue: the magnitude of sound (usually in a specified direction)
  • presentation - noun a show or display; the act of presenting something to sight or view: the activity of formally presenting something (as a prize or reward): (obstetrics) position of the fetus in the uterus relative to the birth canal: the act of making something publicly available; presenting news or other information by broadcasting or printing it: the act of presenting a proposal: formally making a person known to another or to the public: a visual representation of something
  • stress - noun the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch): (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body: difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension: special emphasis attached to something:(psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense: verbput stress on; utter with an accent: to stress, single out as important:test the limits of
  • extension - noun act of expanding in scope; making more widely available: act of stretching or straightening out a flexed limb: an educational opportunity provided by colleges and universities to people who not enrolled as regular students: an additional telephone set that is connected to the same telephone line: amount or degree or range to which something extends: the ability to raise the working leg high in the air: a string of characters beginning with a period and followed by one to three letters; the optional second part of a PC computer filename: a mutually agreed delay in the date set for the completion of a job or payment of a debt: an addition that extends a main building: an addition to the length of something: the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to: the spreading of something (a belief or practice) into new regions
  • margin - noun an amount beyond the minimum necessary: the blank space that surrounds the text on a page: the amount of collateral a customer deposits with a broker when borrowing from the broker to buy securities: the boundary line or the area immediately inside the boundary: a strip near the boundary of an object: a permissible difference; allowing some freedom to move within limits: (finance) the net sales minus the cost of goods and services sold
  • elbow - noun the joint of a mammal or bird that corresponds to the human elbow: the part of a sleeve that covers the elbow joint: a sharp bend in a road or river: a length of pipe with a sharp bend in it:hinge joint between the forearm and upper arm and the corresponding joint in the forelimb of a quadruped: verb shove one's elbow into another person's ribs: push one's way with the elbows
  • shift - noun the act of moving from one place to another: an event in which something is displaced without rotation: a crew of workers who work for a specific period of time: the time period during which you are at work: the act of changing one thing or position for another: a loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders without a waist: a woman's sleeveless undergarment: the key on the typewriter keyboard that shifts from lower-case letters to upper-case letters: a qualitative change: (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other:verb move and exchange for another: change gears: move from one setting or context to another: change in quality: change phonetically as part of a systematic historical change: use a shift key on a keyboard: change place or direction: make a shift in or exchange of:lay aside, abandon, or leave for another: move abruptly: move sideways or in an unsteady way: move very slightly: move around
  • murmur - noun a schwa that is incidental to the pronunciation of a consonant: a complaint uttered in a low and indistinct tone: a low continuous indistinct sound; often accompanied by movement of the lips without the production of articulate speech: an abnormal sound of the heart; sometimes a sign of abnormal function of the heart valves: verb make complaining remarks or noises under one's breath: speak softly or indistinctly
  • gap - noun a narrow opening: a conspicuous disparity or difference as between two figures: a difference (especially an unfortunate difference) between two opinions or two views or two situations: an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity: a pass between mountain peaks: an open or empty space in or between things: verbmake an opening or gap in
  • induce - verb reason or establish by induction: cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner: cause to arise: cause to occur rapidly:produce electric current by electrostatic or magnetic processes
  • threshold - noun the smallest detectable sensation: the starting point for a new state or experience: the sill of a door; a horizontal piece of wood or stone that forms the bottom of a doorway and offers support when passing through a doorway: the entrance (the space in a wall) through which you enter or leave a room or building; the space that a door can close: a region marking a boundary
  • elevation - noun drawing of an exterior of a structure: (ballet) the height of a dancer's leap or jump: distance of something above a reference point (such as sea level): the event of something being raised upward: angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object): the act of increasing the wealth or prestige or power or scope of something: a raised or elevated geological formation: the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
  • sex - noun the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles: all of the feelings resulting from the urge to gratify sexual impulses: either of the two categories (male or female) into which most organisms are divided: activities associated with sexual intercourse: verb tell the sex (of young chickens): stimulate sexually
  • image - noun the general impression that something (a person or organization or product) presents to the public: an iconic mental representation: a representation of a person (especially in the form of sculpture): a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or abstraction) produced on a surface: (Jungian psychology) a personal facade that one presents to the world: a standard or typical example: language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense:someone who closely resembles a famous person (especially an actor): verb imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind
  • universal - adj. adapted to various purposes, sizes, forms, operations: applicable to or common to all members of a group or set: of worldwide scope or applicability: noun a behavioral convention or pattern characteristic of all members of a particular culture or of all human beings: (logic) a proposition that asserts something of all members of a class: (linguistics) a grammatical rule (or other linguistic feature) that is found in all languages: coupling that connects two rotating shafts allowing freedom of movement in all directions
  • period - noun a punctuation mark (.) placed at the end of a declarative sentence to indicate a full stop or after abbreviations: the end or completion of something: a unit of geological time during which a system of rocks formed: one of three periods of play in hockey games: the interval taken to complete one cycle of a regularly repeating phenomenon: a stage in the history of a culture having a definable place in space and time: the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause: an amount of time
  • pupil - noun contractile aperture in the iris of the eye: a young person attending school (up through senior high school): a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution
  • symbol - noun something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible: an arbitrary sign (written or printed) that has acquired a conventional significance
  • gravity - noun a solemn and dignified feeling: (physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the universe; especially the attraction of the earth's mass for bodies near its surface: a manner that is serious and solemn
  • rod - noun any rod-shaped bacterium: a long thin implement made of metal or wood: visual receptor cell sensitive to dim light: a gangster's pistol: a square rod of land: a linear measure of 16.5 feet
  • vision - noun the perceptual experience of seeing: a vivid mental image: a religious or mystical experience of a supernatural appearance: the formation of a mental image of something that is not perceived as real and is not present to the senses: the ability to see; the visual faculty
  • proper - adj. appropriate for a condition or purpose or occasion or a person's character, needs: marked by suitability or rightness or appropriateness: having all the qualities typical of the thing specified
  • circle - noun any circular or rotating mechanism: a curved section or tier of seats in a hall or theater or opera house; usually the first tier above the orchestra: ellipse in which the two axes are of equal length; a plane curve generated by one point moving at a constant distance from a fixed point: something approximating the shape of a circle: movement once around a course: street names for flunitrazepan: a road junction at which traffic streams circularly around a central island: an unofficial association of people or groups: verb travel around something: move in circles: form a circle around: be around
  • status - noun the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society: a state at a particular time
  • mix - noun the act of mixing together: an event that combines things in a mixture: a commercially prepared mixture of dry ingredients:verb add as an additional element or part: combine (electronic signals): to bring or combine together or with something else: mix together different elements: mix so as to make a random order or arrangement: open (a place) to members of all races and ethnic groups
  • den - noun a room that is comfortable and secluded: a unit of 8 to 10 cub scouts: a hiding place; usually a remote place used by outlaws: the habitation of wild animals
  • division - noun the act or process of dividing: the act of dividing or partitioning; separation by the creation of a boundary that divides or keeps apart: an arithmetic operation that is the inverse of multiplication; the quotient of two numbers is computed: discord that splits a group: an army unit large enough to sustain combat: a group of ships of similar type: a unit of the United States Air Force usually comprising two or more wings: an administrative unit in government or business: (botany) taxonomic unit of plants corresponding to a phylum: (biology) a group of organisms forming a subdivision of a larger category: one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole: a league ranked by quality
  • end - noun a position on the line of scrimmage: the part you are expected to play: a piece of cloth that is left over after the rest has been used or sold: a final part or section: the concluding parts of an event or occurrence: a boundary marking the extremities of something: either extremity of something that has length: the surface at either extremity of a three-dimensional object: one of two places from which people are communicating to each other:(football) the person who plays at one end of the line of scrimmage:a final state: the point in time at which something ends: the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve and that (when achieved) terminates behavior intended to achieve it: the last section of a communication: verb bring to an end or halt: put an end to: have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical: be the end of; be the last or concluding part of
  • filling - noun the act of filling something: (dentistry) a dental appliance consisting of any of various substances (as metal or plastic) inserted into a prepared cavity in a tooth: a food mixture used to fill pastry or sandwiches etc.: flow into something (as a container): any material that fills a space or container: the yarn woven across the warp yarn in weaving
  • brush - noun contact with something dangerous or undesirable: the act of brushing your hair: the act of brushing your teeth: a minor short-term fight: an implement that has hairs or bristles firmly set into a handle: conducts current between rotating and stationary parts of a generator or motor: momentary contact: a dense growth of bushes: verb remove with or as if with a brush: touch lightly and briefly: rub with a brush, or as if with a brush: clean with a brush:cover by brushing: sweep across or over
  • artificial - adj. artificially formal: contrived by art rather than nature:not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes
  • packed - adj. pressed together or compressed: filled to capacity
  • pattern - noun a model considered worthy of imitation: a customary way of operation or behavior: a decorative or artistic work:something regarded as a normative example: something intended as a guide for making something else: a perceptual structure:graphical representation (in polar or Cartesian coordinates) of the spatial distribution of radiation from an antenna as a function of angle: the path that is prescribed for an airplane that is preparing to land at an airport: verb form a pattern: plan or create according to a model or models
  • refer - verb think of, regard, or classify under a subsuming principle or with a general group or in relation to another: send or direct for treatment, information, or a decision: have to do with or be relevant to: seek information from: have as a meaning: make reference to
  • band - noun a thin flat strip of flexible material that is worn around the body or one of the limbs (especially to decorate the body): an adornment consisting of a strip of a contrasting color or material: a restraint put around something to hold it together: a strip of material attached to the leg of a bird to identify it (as in studies of bird migration): a thin flat strip or loop of flexible material that goes around or over something else: a stripe or stripes of contrasting color: a range of frequencies between two limits: instrumentalists not including string players: jewelry consisting of a circlet of precious metal (often set with jewels) worn on the finger: a cord-like tissue connecting two larger parts of an anatomical structure: an unofficial association of people or groups: a group of musicians playing popular music for dancing: verb bind or tie together, as with a band:attach a ring to the foot of, in order to identify
  • tone - noun (linguistics) a pitch or change in pitch of the voice that serves to distinguish words in tonal languages: the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author: a steady sound without overtones: a musical interval of two semitones: the quality of a person's voice: a quality of a given color that differs slightly from a primary color:(music) the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound): a notation representing the pitch and duration of a musical sound: the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people: the elastic tension of living muscles, arteries, etc. that facilitate response to stimuli: verb give a healthy elasticity to: change to a color image: change the color or tone of:vary the pitch of one's speech: utter monotonously and repetitively and rhythmically
  • less - adj. (comparative of `little' usually used with mass nouns) a quantifier meaning not as great in amount or degree: (nonstandard in some uses but often idiomatic with measure phrases) fewer:(usually preceded by `no') lower in quality: adv. used to form the comparative of some adjectives and adverbs: comparative of little
  • teeth - noun the kind and number and arrangement of teeth (collectively) in a person or animal
  • anchor - noun a mechanical device that prevents a vessel from moving: a central cohesive source of support and stability: a television reporter who coordinates a broadcast to which several correspondents contribute: verb secure a vessel with an anchor: fix firmly and stably
  • unit - noun a single undivided whole: an organization regarded as part of a larger social group: a single undivided natural thing occurring in the composition of something else: an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole: an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity: any division of quantity accepted as a standard of measurement or exchange
  • fast - adj. acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly: at a rapid tempo: (used of timepieces) indicating a time ahead of or later than the correct time: securely fixed in place: resistant to destruction or fading: (of surfaces) conducive to rapid speeds:unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause: hurried and brief:unrestrained by convention or morality: firmly fastened or secured against opening: adv. quickly or rapidly (often used as a combining form): firmly or tightly: noun abstaining from food: verb abstain from eating: abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons
  • floating - adj. borne up by or suspended in a liquid: not definitely committed to a party or policy: (of a part of the body) not firmly connected; movable or out of normal position: inclined to move or be moved about: continually changing especially as from one abode or occupation to another: noun the act of someone who floats on the water
  • dead - adj. total: devoid of activity: physically inactive: no longer having or seeming to have or expecting to have life: not showing characteristics of life especially the capacity to sustain life; no longer exerting force or having energy or heat: lacking animation or excitement or activity: drained of electric charge; discharged:sudden and complete: no longer having force or relevance: no longer in force or use; inactive: lacking resilience or bounce: not surviving in active use: out of use or operation because of a fault or breakdown: not circulating or flowing: unerringly accurate: not yielding a return: lacking acoustic resonance: devoid of physical sensation; numb: (followed by `to') not showing human feeling or sensitivity; unresponsive: not endowed with life: very tired: adv.completely and without qualification; used informally as intensifiers:quickly and without warning: noun people who are no longer living: a time when coldness (or some other quality associated with death) is intense
  • specific - adj. stated explicitly or in detail: (sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique: being or affecting a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition; used also of stains or dyes used in making microscope slides: relating to or distinguishing or constituting a taxonomic species: noun a medicine that has a mitigating effect on a specific disease: a fact about some part (as opposed to general)
  • stomach - noun an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal; the principal organ of digestion: an appetite for food: an inclination or liking for things involving conflict or difficulty or unpleasantness: the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis: verb bear to eat: put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  • slow - adj. not moving quickly; taking a comparatively long time: at a slow tempo: (used of timepieces) indicating a time earlier than the correct time: (of business) not active or brisk: slow to learn or understand; lacking intellectual acuity: so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness: adv. without speed (`slow' is sometimes used informally for `slowly'): of timepieces: verb become slow or slower: cause to proceed more slowly: lose velocity; move more slowly
  • simple - adj. unornamented: (botany) of leaf shapes; of leaves having no divisions or subdivisions: having few parts; not complex or complicated or involved: easy and not involved or complicated: apart from anything else; without additions or modifications: lacking mental capacity and devoid of subtlety: exhibiting childlike simplicity and credulity: noun any herbaceous plant having medicinal properties: a person lacking intelligence or common sense
  • induced - adj. brought about or caused; not spontaneous
  • medium - adj. (meat) cooked until there is just a little pink meat inside: around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical measures: noun an intervening substance through which signals can travel as a means for communication: a means or instrumentality for storing or communicating information: (usually plural) transmissions that are disseminated widely to the public: the surrounding environment: someone who serves as an intermediary between the living and the dead: a state that is intermediate between extremes; a middle position: an intervening substance through which something is achieved: (biology) a substance in which specimens are preserved or displayed: a liquid with which pigment is mixed by a painter: an occupation for which you are especially well suited:(bacteriology) a nutrient substance (solid or liquid) that is used to cultivate micro-organisms
  • ray - noun cartilaginous fishes having horizontally flattened bodies and enlarged winglike pectoral fins with gills on the underside; most swim by moving the pectoral fins: any of the stiff bony rods in the fin of a fish: a branch of an umbel or an umbelliform inflorescence:(mathematics) a straight line extending from a point: the syllable naming the second (supertonic) note of any major scale in solmization: a column of light (as from a beacon): a group of nearly parallel lines of electromagnetic radiation: verb emit as rays: expose to radiation: extend or spread outward from a center or focus or inward towards a center
  • fourth - adj. coming next after the third and just before the fifth in position or time or degree or magnitude: adv. in the fourth place:noun the musical interval between one note and another four notes away from it: following the third position; number four in a countable series: one of four equal parts
  • solitary - adj. remote or secluded: being the only one; single and isolated from others: characterized by or preferring solitude: lacking companions or companionship: of plants and animals; not growing or living in groups or colonies: noun one who lives in solitude:confinement of a prisoner in isolation from other prisoners
  • hearing - adj. able to perceive sound: noun (law) a proceeding (usually by a court) where evidence is taken for the purpose of determining an issue of fact and reaching a decision based on that evidence: the ability to hear; the auditory faculty: a session (of a committee or grand jury) in which witnesses are called and testimony is taken: an opportunity to state your case and be heard:the act of hearing attentively: the range within which a voice can be heard
  • sensation - noun an unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation: a general feeling of excitement and heightened interest:a state of widespread public excitement and interest: the faculty through which the external world is apprehended: someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field
  • upper - adj. higher in place or position: superior in rank or accomplishment: the topmost one of two: noun piece of leather or synthetic material that forms the part of a shoe or boot above the sole that encases the foot: a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression: the higher of two berths
  • head - noun a single domestic animal: a projection out from one end: (nautical) a toilet on board a boat or ship: the striking part of a tool: (usually plural) the obverse side of a coin that usually bears the representation of a person's head: that part of a skeletal muscle that is away from the bone that it moves: the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains: the rounded end of a bone that bits into a rounded cavity in another bone to form a joint: (grammar) the word in a grammatical constituent that plays the same grammatical role as the whole constituent: the front of a military formation or procession: the top of something: the foam or froth that accumulates at the top when you pour an effervescent liquid into a container: a rounded compact mass: a user of (usually soft) drugs: a person who is in charge: an individual person: the pressure exerted by a fluid: the length or height based on the size of a human or animal head: the tip of an abscess (where the pus accumulates): oral stimulation of the genitals: a membrane that is stretched taut over a drum: (computer science) a tiny electromagnetic coil and metal pole used to write and read magnetic patterns on a disk: that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason: a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about: the subject matter at issue: a V-shaped mark at one end of an arrow pointer:forward movement: a difficult juncture: the source of water from which a stream arises: the part in the front or nearest the viewer: a natural elevation (especially a rocky one that juts out into the sea):the educator who has executive authority for a school: a dense clusters of flowers or foliage: verb remove the head of: to go or travel towards: be in charge of: form a head or come or grow to a head: be in the front of or on top of: be the first or leading member of (a group) and excel: take its rise: direct the course; determine the direction of travelling: travel in front of; go in advance of others
  • recognition - noun designation by the chair granting a person the right to speak in a deliberative body: the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering: an acceptance (as of a claim) as true and valid: approval: the explicit and formal acknowledgement of a government or of the national independence of a country: (biology) the ability of one molecule to attach to another molecule that has a complementary shape: the state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged: coming to understand something clearly and distinctly
  • pack - noun a convenient package or parcel (as of cigarettes or film): a bundle (especially one carried on the back): a sheet or blanket (either dry or wet) to wrap around the body for its therapeutic effect: a cream that cleanses and tones the skin: a complete collection of similar things: a group of hunting animals: an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose: an association of criminals:a large indefinite number: verb treat the body or any part of it by wrapping it, as with blankets or sheets, and applying compresses to it, or stuffing it to provide cover, containment, or therapy, or to absorb blood: carry, as on one's back: arrange in a container: load with a pack: compress into a wad: seal with packing: fill to capacity:set up a committee or legislative body with one's own supporters so as to influence the outcome: have the property of being packable or of compacting easily: press down tightly: hike with a backpack:press tightly together or cram: have with oneself; have on one's person
  • saddle - noun posterior part of the back of a domestic fowl: a seat for the rider of a horse: a piece of leather across the instep of a shoe: cut of meat (especially mutton or lamb) consisting of part of the backbone and both loins: a seat for the rider of a bicycle: a pass or ridge that slopes gently between two peaks (is shaped like a saddle): verb load or burden; encumber: put a saddle on: impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
  • stream - noun dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas: a natural body of running water flowing on or under the earth: something that resembles a flowing stream in moving continuously: the act of flowing or streaming; continuous progression: a steady flow (usually from natural causes): verb exude profusely: flow freely and abundantly: to extend, wave or float outward, as if in the wind: move in large numbers: rain heavily
  • yellow - adj. of the color intermediate between green and orange in the color spectrum; of something resembling the color of an egg yolk: cowardly or treacherous: changed to a yellowish color by age:easily frightened: affected by jaundice which causes yellowing of skin etc: typical of tabloids: noun yellow color or pigment; the chromatic color resembling the hue of sunflowers or ripe lemons:verb turn yellow
  • species - noun a specific kind of something: (biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
  • development - noun act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining: (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated: a recent event that has some relevance for the present situation: a district that has been developed to serve some purpose: processing a photosensitive material in order to make an image visible: a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage): a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess): the act of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful: (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • red - adj. red with or characterized by blood: of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies: characterized by violence or bloodshed: (especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion: noun red color or pigment; the chromatic color resembling the hue of blood: a tributary of the Mississippi River that flows eastward from Texas along the southern boundary of Oklahoma and through Louisiana: emotionally charged terms used to refer to extreme radicals or revolutionaries: the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue
  • crown - noun the part of a hat (the vertex) that covers the crown of the head: an ornamental jewelled headdress signifying sovereignty:a wreath or garland worn on the head to signify victory: the center of a cambered road: the part of a tooth above the gum that is covered with enamel: the Crown (or the reigning monarch) as the symbol of the power and authority of a monarchy: the upper branches and leaves of a tree: an English coin worth 5 shillings: the top of the head: the award given to the champion: the top point of a mountain or hill: verb be the culminating event: put an enamel cover on: invest with regal power; enthrone: form the topmost part of
  • surface - adj. on the surface: involving a surface only: noun the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary: a superficial aspect as opposed to the real nature of something: the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object: the outermost level of the land or sea: a device that provides reactive force when in motion relative to the surrounding air; can lift or control a plane in flight:information that has become public: verb come to the surface:appear or become visible; make a showing: put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface
  • salt - adj. (of speech) painful or bitter: one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of sea water: noun the taste experience when common salt is taken into the mouth: white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food: a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal): negotiations between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics opened in 1969 in Helsinki designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons:verb preserve with salt: add zest or liveliness to: sprinkle as if with salt: add salt to
  • conduct - noun manner of acting or controlling yourself: (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people: verblead, as in the performance of a composition: lead musicians in the performance of: transmit or serve as the medium for transmission:direct the course of; manage or control: take somebody somewhere:behave in a certain manner
  • difference - noun the quality of being unlike or dissimilar: a significant change: a disagreement or argument about something important: a variation that deviates from the standard or norm: the number that remains after subtraction; the number that when added to the subtrahend gives the minuend
  • knee - noun the part of a trouser leg that provides the cloth covering for the knee: hinge joint in the human leg connecting the tibia and fibula with the femur and protected in front by the patella: joint between the femur and tibia in a quadruped; corresponds to the human knee
  • relative - adj. not absolute or complete: properly related in size or degree or other measurable characteristics; usually followed by `to':noun an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus):a person related by blood or marriage
  • depth - noun degree of psychological or intellectual profundity:extent downward or backward or inward: (usually plural) the deepest and most remote part: (usually plural) a low moral state: the intellectual ability to penetrate deeply into ideas
  • product - noun an artifact that has been created by someone or some process: a quantity obtained by multiplication: a consequence of someone's efforts or of a particular set of circumstances: a chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction:commodities offered for sale: the set of elements common to two or more sets
  • host - noun an animal or plant that nourishes and supports a parasite; it does not benefit and is often harmed by the association:a technical name for the bread used in the service of Mass or Holy Communion: archaic terms for army: any organization that provides resources and facilities for a function or event: the owner or manager of an inn: a person who invites guests to a social event (such as a party in his or her own home) and who is responsible for them while they are there: (medicine) recipient of transplanted tissue or organ from a donor: (computer science) a computer that provides client stations with access to files and printers as shared resources to a computer network: a vast multitude: a person who acts as host at formal occasions (makes an introductory speech and introduces other speakers): verb be the host of or for
  • stage - noun a section or portion of a journey or course: a large platform on which people can stand and can be seen by an audience: a small platform on a microscope where the specimen is mounted for examination: the theater as a profession (usually `the stage'): any scene regarded as a setting for exhibiting or doing something: a large coach-and-four formerly used to carry passengers and mail on regular routes between towns: a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process: any distinct time period in a sequence of events: verb plan, organize, and carry out (an event): perform (a play), especially on a stage
  • mountain - noun a land mass that projects well above its surroundings; higher than a hill: a large number or amount
  • heart - noun a playing card in the major suit that has one or more red hearts on it: an inclination or tendency of a certain kind: the courage to carry on: the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body: the locus of feelings and intuitions: a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal): a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on playing cards and valentines: the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience: a positive feeling of liking: an area that is approximately central within some larger region
  • combined - adj. made or joined or united into one: involving the joint activity of two or more
  • normal - adj. conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal: being approximately average or within certain limits in e.g. intelligence and development:in accordance with scientific laws: forming a right angle: nounsomething regarded as a normative example
  • characteristic - adj. typical or distinctive: noun a distinguishing quality: any measurable property of a device measured under closely specified conditions: the integer part (positive or negative) of the representation of a logarithm; in the expression log 643 = 2.808 the characteristic is 2: a prominent aspect of something
  • eye - noun a small hole or loop (as in a needle): the organ of sight:good discernment (either visually or as if visually): attention to what is seen: an area that is approximately central within some larger region: verb look at
  • solution - noun the successful action of solving a problem: a method for solving a problem: a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem: the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation: a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances; frequently (but not necessarily) a liquid solution
  • great - adj. of major significance or importance: relatively large in size or number or extent; larger than others of its kind: remarkable or out of the ordinary in degree or magnitude or effect: in an advanced stage of pregnancy: marked by active interest and enthusiasm: very good: uppercase: noun a person who has achieved distinction and honor in some field
  • natural - adj. being talented through inherited qualities: related by blood; not adopted: in accordance with nature; relating to or concerning nature: existing in or produced by nature; not artificial or imitation: existing in or in conformity with nature or the observable world; neither supernatural nor magical: (of a key) containing no sharps or flats; (of a note) being neither raised nor lowered by one chromatic semitone: functioning or occurring in a normal way; lacking abnormalities or deficiencies: (used especially of commodities) being unprocessed or manufactured using only simple or minimal processes: unthinking; prompted by (or as if by) instinct:free from artificiality: noun (craps) a first roll of 7 or 11 that immediately wins the stake: a notation cancelling a previous sharp or flat: someone regarded as certain to succeed
  • yield - noun an amount of a product: production of a certain amount:the income or profit arising from such transactions as the sale of land or other property: the quantity of something (as a commodity) that is created (usually within a given period of time): verb consent reluctantly: cease opposition; stop fighting: bring in: be the cause or source of: give in, as to influence or pressure: end resistance, as under pressure or force: be willing to concede: be flexible under stress of physical force: give or supply: cause to happen or be responsible for: move in order to make room for someone for something: give over; surrender or relinquish to the physical control of another: be fatally overwhelmed
  • release - noun (music) the act or manner of terminating a musical phrase or tone: a formal written statement of relinquishment: activity that frees or expresses creative energy or emotion: merchandise issued for sale or public showing (especially a record or film): a device that when pressed will release part of a mechanism: a process that liberates or discharges something: the act of liberating someone or something: the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart): the act of allowing a fluid to escape: a legal document evidencing the discharge of a debt or obligation: an announcement distributed to members of the press in order to supplement or replace an oral presentation: euphemistic expressions for death: verb part with a possession or right: generate and separate from cells or bodily fluids: eliminate (substances) from the body: make (assets) available: prepare and issue for public distribution or sale: let (something) fall or spill a container: release, as from one's grip: grant freedom to; free from confinement: make (information) available publication
  • substance - noun that which has mass and occupies space: the stuff of which an object consists: the idea that is intended: the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience: what a communication that is about something is about:considerable capital (wealth or income)
  • alarm - noun a device that signals the occurrence of some undesirable event: an automatic signal (usually a sound) warning of danger: fear resulting from the awareness of danger: a clock that wakes sleeper at preset time: verb warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of preparedness: fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised
  • position - noun the act of positing; an assumption taken as a postulate or axiom: a job in an organization: (in team sports) the role assigned to an individual player: the spatial property of a place where or way in which something is situated: the arrangement of the body and its limbs: a rationalized mental attitude: a way of regarding situations or topics etc.: the particular portion of space occupied by something: the appropriate or customary location: the post or function properly or customarily occupied or served by another: the act of putting something in a certain place: an item on a list or in a sequence: an opinion that is held in opposition to another in an argument or dispute: a point occupied by troops for tactical reasons:a condition or position in which you find yourself: the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society: verb cause to be in an appropriate place, state, or relation: put into a certain place or abstract location
  • net - adj. remaining after all deductions: conclusive in a process or progression: noun an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together at regular intervals: a trap made of netting to catch fish or birds or insects: game equipment consisting of a strip of netting dividing the playing area in tennis or badminton: a goal lined with netting (as in soccer or hockey): a computer network consisting of a worldwide network of computer networks that use the TCP/IP network protocols to facilitate data transmission and exchange: the excess of revenues over outlays in a given period of time (including depreciation and other non-cash expenses): verb catch with a net:make as a net profit: yield as a net profit: construct or form a web, as if by weaving
  • expression - noun the act of forcing something out by squeezing or pressing: the feelings expressed on a person's face: expression without words: the communication (in speech or writing) of your beliefs or opinions: (genetics) the process of expressing a gene: a group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit: a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement: the style of expressing yourself: a word or phrase that particular people use in particular situations
  • knife - noun edge tool used as a cutting instrument; has a pointed blade with a sharp edge and a handle: a weapon with a handle and blade with a sharp point: any long thin projection that is transient:verb use a knife on
  • gaze - noun a long fixed look: verb look at with fixed eyes
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