Difference between revisions of "Dictionary of psychiatry"

From WikiMD

(Tag: 2017 source edit)
(#-A)
(Tag: 2017 source edit)
 
Line 272: Line 272:
  
 
* '''[[aids]]'''  a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
 
* '''[[aids]]'''  a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
 
* '''[[aimd]]'''
 
 
* '''[[aipad]]'''
 
 
* '''[[aisd]]'''
 
 
* '''[[akathisia]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[akinesia]]'''  motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
 
* '''[[akinesia]]'''  motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
  
 
* '''[[akinesis]]'''  motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
 
* '''[[akinesis]]'''  motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
 
* '''[[alarms]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[alcohol]]'''  a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent;  any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
 
* '''[[alcohol]]'''  a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent;  any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
Line 291: Line 281:
 
* '''[[alcohol abuse]]'''  excessive use of alcohol and alcoholic drinks
 
* '''[[alcohol abuse]]'''  excessive use of alcohol and alcoholic drinks
  
* '''[[alcohol consumption]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol dependence]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol induced]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol induced anxiety]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol induced dementia]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol induced disorders]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol induced mood]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol induced persisting]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol induced sexual]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol induced sexual dysfunction]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol induced sleep disorder]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol intoxication]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol related]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol related disorders]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol related morbidity]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol related traumatic injury]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol screening test]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol use]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol use disorders]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol use disorders identifi cation]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcohol withdrawal]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alcoholics]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[alcoholics anonymous]]'''  an international organization that provides a support group for persons trying to overcome alcoholism
 
* '''[[alcoholics anonymous]]'''  an international organization that provides a support group for persons trying to overcome alcoholism
Line 342: Line 289:
  
 
* '''[[algorithm]]'''  a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
 
* '''[[algorithm]]'''  a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
 
* '''[[algorithms]]'''
 
 
* '''[[allan]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[alliance]]'''  a formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim; an organization of people (or countries) involved in a pact or treaty; a connection based on kinship or marriage or common interest;  the state of being allied or confederated;  the act of forming an alliance or confederation
 
* '''[[alliance]]'''  a formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim; an organization of people (or countries) involved in a pact or treaty; a connection based on kinship or marriage or common interest;  the state of being allied or confederated;  the act of forming an alliance or confederation
 
* '''[[alliances]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alogia]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[alprazolam]]'''  an antianxiety agent (trade name Xanax) of the benzodiazepine class
 
* '''[[alprazolam]]'''  an antianxiety agent (trade name Xanax) of the benzodiazepine class
  
* '''[[alterations]]'''
+
* '''[[alternative]]'''  necessitating a choice between mutually exclusive possibilities;  pertaining to unconventional choices;  allowing a choice; one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen  
 
 
* '''[[alternative]]'''  necessitating a choice between mutually exclusive possibilities;  pertaining to unconventional choices;  allowing a choice; one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
 
 
 
* '''[[alternative thought patterns]]'''
 
 
 
* '''[[alternative treatments]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[altruism]]'''  the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others
 
* '''[[altruism]]'''  the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others
Line 368: Line 301:
  
 
* '''[[alveolar]]'''  pertaining to the tiny air sacs of the lungs;  pertaining to the alveolar ridge; a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
 
* '''[[alveolar]]'''  pertaining to the tiny air sacs of the lungs;  pertaining to the alveolar ridge; a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
 
* '''[[alveolar hypoventilation]]'''
 
 
* '''[[alzheimer]]'''
 
 
* '''[[ama]]'''
 
 
* '''[[amantadine]]'''
 
 
* '''[[ambien]]'''
 
 
* '''[[ambitendency]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[ambivalence]]'''  mixed feelings or emotions
 
* '''[[ambivalence]]'''  mixed feelings or emotions
Line 389: Line 310:
 
* '''[[amendments]]'''  
 
* '''[[amendments]]'''  
  
* '''[[american]]'''  of or relating to or characteristic of the continents and islands of the Americas;  of or relating to the United States of America or its people or language or culture; a native or inhabitant of a North American or Central American or South American country;  a native or inhabitant of the United States;  the English language as used in the United States
+
* '''[[american]]'''  of or relating to or characteristic of the continents and islands of the Americas;  of or relating to the United States of America or its people or language or culture; a native or inhabitant of a North American or Central American or South American country;  a native or inhabitant of the United States;  the English language as used in the United States  
 
 
* '''[[american association of]]'''
 
 
 
* '''[[american association of marital and]]'''
 
 
 
* '''[[american medical]]'''
 
 
 
* '''[[american medical association]]'''
 
 
 
* '''[[american psychiatric]]'''
 
 
 
* '''[[american psychiatric association]]'''
 
 
 
* '''[[americans]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[amine]]'''  a compound derived from ammonia by replacing hydrogen atoms by univalent hydrocarbon radicals
 
* '''[[amine]]'''  a compound derived from ammonia by replacing hydrogen atoms by univalent hydrocarbon radicals
 
* '''[[amine based]]'''
 
 
* '''[[amines]]'''
 
 
* '''[[aminoacidurias]]'''
 
 
* '''[[amisulpride]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[amitriptyline]]'''  a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
 
* '''[[amitriptyline]]'''  a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
 
* '''[[ammatory]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[amnesia]]'''  partial or total loss of memory
 
* '''[[amnesia]]'''  partial or total loss of memory
  
 
* '''[[amnestic]]'''  of or relating to or caused by amnesia
 
* '''[[amnestic]]'''  of or relating to or caused by amnesia
 
* '''[[amnestic disorder]]'''
 
 
* '''[[amnestic disorders]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[amok]]'''  in a murderous frenzy as if possessed by a demon;  adv.in a murderous frenzy;  wildly; without self control
 
* '''[[amok]]'''  in a murderous frenzy as if possessed by a demon;  adv.in a murderous frenzy;  wildly; without self control
 
* '''[[among]]'''
 
 
* '''[[amotivational]]'''
 
 
* '''[[amotivational syndrome]]'''
 
 
* '''[[amoxapine]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[amphetamine]]'''  a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
 
* '''[[amphetamine]]'''  a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
 
* '''[[amphetamine related]]'''
 
 
* '''[[amphetamine related disorders]]'''
 
 
* '''[[amphetamines]]'''
 
 
* '''[[amplifi]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[amygdalotomy]]'''  psychosurgery in which amygdaloid fibers that mediate limbic system activity are severed (in cases of extreme uncontrollable violence)
 
* '''[[amygdalotomy]]'''  psychosurgery in which amygdaloid fibers that mediate limbic system activity are severed (in cases of extreme uncontrollable violence)
Line 466: Line 343:
  
 
* '''[[anatomical abnormalities]]'''  
 
* '''[[anatomical abnormalities]]'''  
 
* '''[[and]]'''
 
 
* '''[[androgens]]'''
 
 
* '''[[angelman]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[anger]]'''  a strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance;  the state of being angry; belligerence aroused by a real or supposed wrong (personified as one of the deadly sins);  verb make angry;  become angry
 
* '''[[anger]]'''  a strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance;  the state of being angry; belligerence aroused by a real or supposed wrong (personified as one of the deadly sins);  verb make angry;  become angry
Line 480: Line 351:
  
 
* '''[[animal]]'''  of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals;  marked by the appetites and passions of the body; a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
 
* '''[[animal]]'''  of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals;  marked by the appetites and passions of the body; a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
 
* '''[[animal models]]'''
 
 
* '''[[animal phobias]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[anna]]'''  a former copper coin of Pakistan
 
* '''[[anna]]'''  a former copper coin of Pakistan
Line 492: Line 359:
  
 
* '''[[anorectal]]'''  pertaining to the anus and rectum considered together
 
* '''[[anorectal]]'''  pertaining to the anus and rectum considered together
 
* '''[[anorectal physiology]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[anorexia]]'''  a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
 
* '''[[anorexia]]'''  a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
  
 
* '''[[anorexia nervosa]]'''  (psychiatry) a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
 
* '''[[anorexia nervosa]]'''  (psychiatry) a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
 
* '''[[anorexia nervosa refractory patients]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[anorgasmia]]'''  absence of an orgasm in sexual relations
 
* '''[[anorgasmia]]'''  absence of an orgasm in sexual relations
 
* '''[[ansiety]]'''
 
 
* '''[[ansiety disorder]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[ant]]'''  social insect living in organized colonies; characteristically the males and fertile queen have wings during breeding season; wingless sterile females are the workers
 
* '''[[ant]]'''  social insect living in organized colonies; characteristically the males and fertile queen have wings during breeding season; wingless sterile females are the workers
  
 
* '''[[antagonist]]'''  a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug;  a muscle that relaxes while another contracts; someone who offers opposition
 
* '''[[antagonist]]'''  a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug;  a muscle that relaxes while another contracts; someone who offers opposition
 
* '''[[antagonists]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[anterior]]'''  earlier in time;  of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body; a tooth situated at the front of the mouth
 
* '''[[anterior]]'''  earlier in time;  of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body; a tooth situated at the front of the mouth
 
* '''[[anterior capsulotomy]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anti anxiety]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anti craving]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anti infl]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antiandrogens]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[anticholinergic]]'''  inhibiting or blocking the action of acetylcholine at a receptor site; a substance that opposes or blocks the action of acetylcholine
 
* '''[[anticholinergic]]'''  inhibiting or blocking the action of acetylcholine at a receptor site; a substance that opposes or blocks the action of acetylcholine
Line 532: Line 379:
  
 
* '''[[anticonvulsant]]'''  a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
 
* '''[[anticonvulsant]]'''  a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
 
* '''[[anticonvulsant medication]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anticonvulsants]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antidementia]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antidementia drugs]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[antidepressant]]'''  any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects
 
* '''[[antidepressant]]'''  any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects
 
* '''[[antidepressant augmentation]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antidepressant development]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antidepressant drug drug]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antidepressant drugs]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antidepressant side effects]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antidepressant therapy]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antidepressants]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antidepressants trials]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[antidiuretic]]'''  a drug that limits the formation of urine
 
* '''[[antidiuretic]]'''  a drug that limits the formation of urine
Line 564: Line 387:
  
 
* '''[[antiepileptic]]'''  a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
 
* '''[[antiepileptic]]'''  a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
 
* '''[[antiepileptic medications]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antimanic]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antioxidants]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[antipsychotic]]'''  tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
 
* '''[[antipsychotic]]'''  tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
 
* '''[[antipsychotic drugs]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antipsychotic medication]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antipsychotics]]'''
 
 
* '''[[antipsychotics risks]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[antisocial]]'''  hostile to or disruptive of normal standards of social behavior;  shunning contact with others
 
* '''[[antisocial]]'''  hostile to or disruptive of normal standards of social behavior;  shunning contact with others
Line 592: Line 401:
  
 
* '''[[anxiety]]'''  a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill defined) misfortune;  a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
 
* '''[[anxiety]]'''  a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill defined) misfortune;  a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
 
* '''[[anxiety depersonalisation]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anxiety depersonalisation syndrome]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anxiety depressive]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[anxiety disorder]]'''  a cover term for a variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom
 
* '''[[anxiety disorder]]'''  a cover term for a variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom
 
* '''[[anxiety disorder differential]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anxiety disorders]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[anxiety neurosis]]'''  characterized by diffuse anxiety and often somatic manifestations of fear
 
* '''[[anxiety neurosis]]'''  characterized by diffuse anxiety and often somatic manifestations of fear
 
* '''[[anxiety related emotional]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anxiety relationship]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anxiety theory]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[anxiolytic]]'''  anxiety relieving; a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety and reduce tension and irritability
 
* '''[[anxiolytic]]'''  anxiety relieving; a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety and reduce tension and irritability
 
* '''[[anxiolytic drugs]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anxiolytic effects]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anxiolytic properties]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anxiolytics]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[anxious]]'''  eagerly desirous;  causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
 
* '''[[anxious]]'''  eagerly desirous;  causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
 
* '''[[anxious tense]]'''
 
 
* '''[[anxious tense relationship]]'''
 
 
* '''[[apa]]'''
 
 
* '''[[apa guidelines]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[apathy]]'''  the trait of lacking enthusiasm for or interest in things generally;  an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
 
* '''[[apathy]]'''  the trait of lacking enthusiasm for or interest in things generally;  an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
 
* '''[[apd]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[aphasia]]'''  inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
 
* '''[[aphasia]]'''  inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
  
 
* '''[[apnea]]'''  transient cessation of respiration
 
* '''[[apnea]]'''  transient cessation of respiration
 
* '''[[apnoea]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[apomorphine]]'''  a morphine derivative that is not as strong as morphine; used as an emetic and in small doses as a sedative
 
* '''[[apomorphine]]'''  a morphine derivative that is not as strong as morphine; used as an emetic and in small doses as a sedative
Line 658: Line 431:
  
 
* '''[[approach]]'''  the act of drawing spatially closer to something;  a relatively short golf shot intended to put the ball onto the putting green;  ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation; a close approximation;  the temporal property of becoming nearer in time;  the event of one object coming closer to another;  a way of entering or leaving;  a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others;  the final path followed by an aircraft as it is landing;  verb make advances to someone, usually with a proposal or suggestion;  come near in time;  move towards;  begin to deal with; come near or verge on, resemble, come nearer in quality, or character
 
* '''[[approach]]'''  the act of drawing spatially closer to something;  a relatively short golf shot intended to put the ball onto the putting green;  ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation; a close approximation;  the temporal property of becoming nearer in time;  the event of one object coming closer to another;  a way of entering or leaving;  a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others;  the final path followed by an aircraft as it is landing;  verb make advances to someone, usually with a proposal or suggestion;  come near in time;  move towards;  begin to deal with; come near or verge on, resemble, come nearer in quality, or character
 
* '''[[approach to remediation]]'''
 
 
* '''[[approaches]]'''
 
 
* '''[[approaches to disorders]]'''
 
 
* '''[[approximations]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[apraxia]]'''  inability to make purposeful movements
 
* '''[[apraxia]]'''  inability to make purposeful movements
Line 672: Line 437:
  
 
* '''[[area]]'''  a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function;  the extent of a 2 dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary;  a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve;  a subject of study;  a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography);  a particular environment or walk of life
 
* '''[[area]]'''  a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function;  the extent of a 2 dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary;  a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve;  a subject of study;  a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography);  a particular environment or walk of life
 
* '''[[areas]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[arguing]]'''  a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
 
* '''[[arguing]]'''  a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
Line 682: Line 445:
  
 
* '''[[arousal]]'''  the act of arousing;  awakening from sleep;  a state of heightened physiological activity;  mutual sexual fondling prior to sexual intercourse
 
* '''[[arousal]]'''  the act of arousing;  awakening from sleep;  a state of heightened physiological activity;  mutual sexual fondling prior to sexual intercourse
 
* '''[[arrhythmias]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[arrow]]'''  a projectile with a straight thin shaft and an arrowhead on one end and stabilizing vanes on the other; intended to be shot from a bow;  a mark to indicate a direction or relation
 
* '''[[arrow]]'''  a projectile with a straight thin shaft and an arrowhead on one end and stabilizing vanes on the other; intended to be shot from a bow;  a mark to indicate a direction or relation
Line 698: Line 459:
  
 
* '''[[as]]'''   adv. to the same degree (often followed by `as'); a United States territory on the eastern part of the island of Samoa;  a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
 
* '''[[as]]'''   adv. to the same degree (often followed by `as'); a United States territory on the eastern part of the island of Samoa;  a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
 
* '''[[asd]]'''
 
 
* '''[[asds]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[ashton]]'''  British choreographer (1906 1988)
 
* '''[[ashton]]'''  British choreographer (1906 1988)
 
* '''[[aspd]]'''
 
 
* '''[[aspects]]'''
 
 
* '''[[asperger]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[assent]]'''  agreement with a statement or proposal to do something;  verb to agree or express agreement
 
* '''[[assent]]'''  agreement with a statement or proposal to do something;  verb to agree or express agreement
  
 
* '''[[assertive]]'''  confidently aggressive;  inclined to bold and confident assertion; aggressively self assured
 
* '''[[assertive]]'''  confidently aggressive;  inclined to bold and confident assertion; aggressively self assured
 
* '''[[assertive community]]'''
 
 
* '''[[assertive community treatment]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[assertiveness]]'''  aggressive self assurance; given to making bold assertions
 
* '''[[assertiveness]]'''  aggressive self assurance; given to making bold assertions
  
 
* '''[[assessment]]'''  the market value set on assets;  an amount determined as payable;  the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event;  the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
 
* '''[[assessment]]'''  the market value set on assets;  an amount determined as payable;  the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event;  the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
 
* '''[[assessment and differential]]'''
 
 
* '''[[assessment of]]'''
 
 
* '''[[assessment tests]]'''
 
 
* '''[[assessments]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[assisted]]'''  having help; often used as a combining form
 
* '''[[assisted]]'''  having help; often used as a combining form
Line 736: Line 475:
  
 
* '''[[associated]]'''  related to or accompanying;  joined in some kind of relationship (as a colleague or ally or companion etc.)
 
* '''[[associated]]'''  related to or accompanying;  joined in some kind of relationship (as a colleague or ally or companion etc.)
 
* '''[[associated features]]'''
 
 
* '''[[associated psychopathology]]'''
 
 
* '''[[associated with streptococcal]]'''
 
  
 
* '''[[association]]'''  the act of consorting with or joining with others; the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination;  (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species;  a formal organization of people or groups of people;  (chemistry) any process of combination (especially in solution) that depends on relatively weak chemical bonding;  a relation resulting from interaction or dependence;  the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination;  a social or business relationship
 
* '''[[association]]'''  the act of consorting with or joining with others; the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination;  (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species;  a formal organization of people or groups of people;  (chemistry) any process of combination (especially in solution) that depends on relatively weak chemical bonding;  a relation resulting from interaction or dependence;  the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination;  a social or business relationship

Latest revision as of 04:04, 1 August 2020

Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

#-A

  • aba  a fabric woven from goat hair and camel hair;  a loose sleeveless outer garment made from aba cloth; worn by Arabs
  • abbreviated  (of clothing) very short;  cut short in duration
  • abdomen  the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis;  the cavity containing the major viscera; in mammals it is separated from the thorax by the diaphragm
  • ability  the quality of being able to perform; a quality that permits or facilitates achievement or accomplishment;  possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done
  • abnormal  much greater than the normal;  not normal; not typical or usual or regular or conforming to a norm;  departing from the normal in e.g. intelligence and development
  • about  on the move;  adv. in the area or vicinity;  all around or on all sides;  in or to a reversed position or direction;  to or among many different places or in no particular direction;  (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished;  in rotation or succession;  (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct
  • abraham  the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac; according to Genesis, God promised to give Abraham's family (the Hebrews) the land of Canaan (the Promised Land); God tested Abraham by asking him to sacrifice his son
  • abreaction  (psychoanalysis) purging of emotional tensions
  • abstinence  act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite;  the trait of abstaining (especially from alcohol)
  • abstract  existing only in the mind; separated from embodiment;  dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical purpose or intention;  not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature; a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance;  a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory;  verb consider a concept without thinking of a specific example; consider abstractly or theoretically;  consider apart from a particular case or instance;  give an abstract (of);  make off with belongings of others
  • abstraction  a general concept formed by extracting common features from specific examples;  the act of withdrawing or removing something;  an abstract painting;  the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances;  a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance;  preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else
  • abuse  a rude expression intended to offend or hurt;  cruel or inhumane treatment;  improper or excessive use;  verb use wrongly or improperly or excessively;  use foul or abusive language towards; change the inherent purpose or function of something;  treat badly
  • abusive  characterized by physical or psychological maltreatment;  expressing offensive reproach
  • academic  hypothetical or theoretical and not expected to produce an immediate or practical result;  marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects;  associated with academia or an academy; an educator who works at a college or university
  • acetylcholine  a neurotransmitter that is a derivative of choline; released at the ends of nerve fibers in the somatic and parasympathetic nervous systems
  • acid  having the characteristics of an acid;  harsh or corrosive in tone;  being sour to the taste; street name for lysergic acid diethylamide;  any of various water soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
  • acquired  gotten through environmental forces
  • across   adv. transversely;  to the opposite side
  • act  something that people do or cause to happen;  a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body;  a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program;  a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet;  a manifestation of insincerity;  verb behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself;  pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind;  discharge one's duties;  play a role or part;  perform on a stage or theater;  perform an action, or work out or perform (an action);  be engaged in an activity, often for no particular purpose other than pleasure;  be suitable for theatrical performance;  behave unnaturally or affectedly;  have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected
  • action  something done (usually as opposed to something said);  the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field;  an act by a government body or supranational organization;  the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism;  the trait of being active and energetic and forceful;  the series of events that form a plot;  the state of being active;  a military engagement;  a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong;  a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); verb institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against;  put in effect
  • activation  making active and effective (as a bomb); stimulation of activity in an organism or chemical;  the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • active  characterized by energetic activity;  engaged in full time work;  full of activity or engaged in continuous activity;  tending to become more severe or wider in scope;  disposed to take action or effectuate change;  (of e.g. volcanos) erupting or liable to erupt;  (of e.g. volcanos) capable of erupting;  expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water');  expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor: "Hemingway favors active constructions";  exerting influence or producing a change or effect;  of the sun; characterized by a high level activity in sunspots and flares and radio emissions;  in operation;  taking part in an activity;  engaged in or ready for military or naval operations; a person devoted to the active life;  the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb;  chemical agent capable of activity
  • activity  any specific behavior;  (chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction;  the trait of being active; moving or acting rapidly and energetically;  an organic process that takes place in the body;  a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings);  the state of being active
  • acupuncture  treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
  • acute  having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point; a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • ad   adv. in the Christian era; used before dates after the supposed year Christ was born; a public promotion of some product or service
  • adaptation  (physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light);  a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form;  the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  • adaptive  having a capacity for adaptation
  • addiction  (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master;  an abnormally strong craving; being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • adenoma  a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin
  • adenosine  (biochemistry) a nucleoside that is a structural component of nucleic acids; it is present in all living cells in a combined form as a constituent of DNA and RNA and ADP and ATP and AMP
  • adh  hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • adhd  a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
  • adherence  faithful support for a religion or cause or political party;  the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  • adjustment  the act of adjusting something to match a standard;  making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances; the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment); an amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances;  the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  • administration  the act of administering medication;  a method of tending to (especially business) matters;  the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something;  the tenure of a president
  • admission  the act of admitting someone to enter;  an acknowledgment of the truth of something;  the fee charged for admission
  • adolescence  in the state that someone is in between puberty and adulthood;  the time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood
  • adolescent  in the state of development between puberty and maturity;  displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity;  being of the age 13 through 19;  relating to or peculiar to or suggestive of an adolescent; a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity
  • adoption  the act of accepting with approval; favorable reception;  a legal proceeding that creates a parent child relation between persons not related by blood; the adopted child is entitled to all privileges belonging to a natural child of the adoptive parents (including the right to inherit);  the appropriation (of ideas or words etc) from another source
  • adult  (of animals) fully developed; any mature animal;  a fully developed person from maturity onward
  • adulthood  the state (and responsibilities) of a person who has attained maturity;  the period of time in your life after your physical growth has stopped and you are fully developed
  • advanced  (of societies) highly developed especially in technology or industry;  far along in time;  comparatively late in a course of development;  ahead in development; complex or intricate; at a higher level in training or knowledge or skill;  farther along in physical or mental development;  ahead of the times;  situated ahead or going before
  • adverse  in an opposing direction;  contrary to your interests or welfare
  • advisory  giving advice; an announcement that usually advises or warns the public of some threat
  • affairs  transactions of professional or public interest;  matters of personal concern
  • affect  the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion; verb act physically on; have an effect upon;  have an effect upon; have an emotional or cognitive impact upon;  make believe with the intent to deceive;  connect closely and often incriminatingly
  • age  how long something has existed;  a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises;  a late time of life;  a prolonged period of time;  an era of history having some distinctive feature;  verb begin to seem older; get older;  make older;  grow old or older
  • agent  an active and efficient cause; capable of producing a certain effect;  a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission;  a representative who acts on behalf of other persons or organizations;  any agent or representative of a federal agency or bureau;  a substance that exerts some force or effect;  the semantic role of the animate entity that instigates or causes the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • aggregation  the act of gathering something together;  several things grouped together or considered as a whole
  • aggression  violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked;  deliberately unfriendly behavior;  the act of initiating hostilities;  a disposition to behave aggressively;  a feeling of hostility that arouses thoughts of attack
  • aggressive  having or showing determination and energetic pursuit of your ends;  characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight;  tending to spread quickly
  • aggressor  a confident assertive person who acts as instigator;  someone who attacks
  • aging  growing old; the organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age;  acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time
  • agitated  troubled emotionally and usually deeply;  physically disturbed or set in motion;  thrown from side to side
  • agitation  the act of agitating something; causing it to move around (usually vigorously);  disturbance usually in protest;  the feeling of being agitated; not calm;  a state of agitation or turbulent change or development;  a mental state of extreme emotional disturbance
  • agonist  (biochemistry) a drug that can combine with a receptor on a cell to produce a physiological reaction;  a muscle that contracts while another relaxes;  someone involved in a contest or battle (as in an agon);  the principal character in a work of fiction
  • agoraphobia  a morbid fear of open spaces (as fear of being caught alone in some public place)
  • aid  the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose;  a resource;  a gift of money to support a worthy person or cause;  the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something;  verb improve the condition of;  give help or assistance; be of service
  • aids  a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • akinesia  motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
  • akinesis  motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
  • alcohol  a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent;  any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation


  • alcoholics anonymous  an international organization that provides a support group for persons trying to overcome alcoholism
  • alcoholism  habitual intoxication; prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms;  an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
  • algorithm  a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
  • alliance  a formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim; an organization of people (or countries) involved in a pact or treaty; a connection based on kinship or marriage or common interest;  the state of being allied or confederated;  the act of forming an alliance or confederation
  • alprazolam  an antianxiety agent (trade name Xanax) of the benzodiazepine class
  • alternative  necessitating a choice between mutually exclusive possibilities;  pertaining to unconventional choices;  allowing a choice; one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  • altruism  the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others
  • aluminum  a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • alveolar  pertaining to the tiny air sacs of the lungs;  pertaining to the alveolar ridge; a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • ambulatory  relating to or adapted for walking;  able to walk about; a covered walkway (as in a cloister)
  • amendment  the act of amending or correcting;  a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)
  • american  of or relating to or characteristic of the continents and islands of the Americas;  of or relating to the United States of America or its people or language or culture; a native or inhabitant of a North American or Central American or South American country;  a native or inhabitant of the United States;  the English language as used in the United States
  • amine  a compound derived from ammonia by replacing hydrogen atoms by univalent hydrocarbon radicals
  • amitriptyline  a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
  • amnesia  partial or total loss of memory
  • amnestic  of or relating to or caused by amnesia
  • amok  in a murderous frenzy as if possessed by a demon;  adv.in a murderous frenzy;  wildly; without self control
  • amphetamine  a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
  • amygdalotomy  psychosurgery in which amygdaloid fibers that mediate limbic system activity are severed (in cases of extreme uncontrollable violence)
  • amyloid  resembling starch; (pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue;  a non nitrogenous food substance consisting chiefly of starch; any substance resembling starch
  • amytal  the sodium salt of amobarbital that is used as a barbiturate; used as a sedative and a hypnotic
  • anaesthesia  loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
  • anal  a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated on the anal region; fixation at this stage is said to result in orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, compulsiveness, etc.;  of or related to the anus
  • anal phase  (psychoanalysis) the second sexual and social stage of a child's development during which bowel control is learned
  • analysis  an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole;  the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations;  a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation;  a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed;  the use of closed class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father';  a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
  • anatomical  of or relating to the structure of the body;  of or relating to the branch of morphology that studies the structure of organisms; an expression that relates to anatomy
  • anger  a strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance;  the state of being angry; belligerence aroused by a real or supposed wrong (personified as one of the deadly sins);  verb make angry;  become angry
  • angina  any disease of the throat or fauces marked by spasmodic attacks of intense suffocative pain;  a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart
  • anhedonia  an inability to experience pleasure
  • animal  of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals;  marked by the appetites and passions of the body; a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • anna  a former copper coin of Pakistan
  • anonymous  having no known name or identity or known source;  not known or lacking marked individuality
  • anorectal  pertaining to the anus and rectum considered together
  • anorexia  a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
  • anorexia nervosa  (psychiatry) a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
  • anorgasmia  absence of an orgasm in sexual relations
  • ant  social insect living in organized colonies; characteristically the males and fertile queen have wings during breeding season; wingless sterile females are the workers
  • antagonist  a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug;  a muscle that relaxes while another contracts; someone who offers opposition
  • anterior  earlier in time;  of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body; a tooth situated at the front of the mouth
  • anticholinergic  inhibiting or blocking the action of acetylcholine at a receptor site; a substance that opposes or blocks the action of acetylcholine
  • anticipation  something expected (as on the basis of a norm);  pleasurable expectation;  wishing with confidence of fulfillment;  the act of predicting (as by reasoning about the future)
  • anticonvulsant  a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
  • antidepressant  any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects
  • antidiuretic hormone  hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • antiepileptic  a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
  • antipsychotic  tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
  • antisocial  hostile to or disruptive of normal standards of social behavior;  shunning contact with others
  • antisocial personality disorder  a personality disorder characterized by amorality and lack of affect; capable of violent acts without guilt feelings (`psychopathic personality' was once widely used but was superseded by `sociopathic personality' to indicate the social aspects of the disorder, but now `antisocial personality disorder' is the preferred term)
  • antiviral  inhibiting or stopping the growth and reproduction of viruses; any drug that destroys viruses
  • anxiety  a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill defined) misfortune;  a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
  • anxiety disorder  a cover term for a variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom
  • anxiety neurosis  characterized by diffuse anxiety and often somatic manifestations of fear
  • anxiolytic  anxiety relieving; a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety and reduce tension and irritability
  • anxious  eagerly desirous;  causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  • apathy  the trait of lacking enthusiasm for or interest in things generally;  an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
  • aphasia  inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
  • apnea  transient cessation of respiration
  • apomorphine  a morphine derivative that is not as strong as morphine; used as an emetic and in small doses as a sedative
  • appearance  the act of appearing in public view;  pretending that something is the case in order to make a good impression; formal attendance (in court or at a hearing) of a party in an action; outward or visible aspect of a person or thing;  a mental representation;  the event of coming into sight
  • appetite  a feeling of craving something
  • application  a diligent effort;  the work of applying something; the act of bringing something to bear; using it for a particular purpose;  a verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school;  a program that gives a computer instructions that provide the user with tools to accomplish a task;  liquid preparation having a soothing or antiseptic or medicinal action when applied to the skin
  • applied  concerned with concrete problems or data rather than with fundamental principles; opposed to theoretical;  put into practice or put to use;  that are used
  • approach  the act of drawing spatially closer to something;  a relatively short golf shot intended to put the ball onto the putting green;  ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation; a close approximation;  the temporal property of becoming nearer in time;  the event of one object coming closer to another;  a way of entering or leaving;  a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others;  the final path followed by an aircraft as it is landing;  verb make advances to someone, usually with a proposal or suggestion;  come near in time;  move towards;  begin to deal with; come near or verge on, resemble, come nearer in quality, or character
  • apraxia  inability to make purposeful movements
  • arctic  extremely cold;  of or relating to the Arctic;  at or near the north pole; a waterproof overshoe that protects shoes from water or snow;  the regions north of the Arctic Circle centered on the North Pole
  • area  a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function;  the extent of a 2 dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary;  a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve;  a subject of study;  a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography);  a particular environment or walk of life
  • arguing  a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
  • arithmetic  relating to or involving arithmetic; the branch of pure mathematics dealing with the theory of numerical calculations
  • arousal  the act of arousing;  awakening from sleep;  a state of heightened physiological activity;  mutual sexual fondling prior to sexual intercourse
  • arrow  a projectile with a straight thin shaft and an arrowhead on one end and stabilizing vanes on the other; intended to be shot from a bow;  a mark to indicate a direction or relation
  • artery  a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic;  a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  • arthritis  inflammation of a joint or joints
  • articulation  the act of joining things in such a way that motion is possible;  expressing in coherent verbal form;  the aspect of pronunciation that involves bringing articulatory organs together so as to shape the sounds of speech;  the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made;  (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion)
  • as   adv. to the same degree (often followed by `as'); a United States territory on the eastern part of the island of Samoa;  a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
  • ashton  British choreographer (1906 1988)
  • assent  agreement with a statement or proposal to do something;  verb to agree or express agreement
  • assertive  confidently aggressive;  inclined to bold and confident assertion; aggressively self assured
  • assertiveness  aggressive self assurance; given to making bold assertions
  • assessment  the market value set on assets;  an amount determined as payable;  the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event;  the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
  • assisted  having help; often used as a combining form
  • assisted suicide  suicide of a terminally ill person that involves an assistant who serves to make dying as painless and dignified as possible
  • associated  related to or accompanying;  joined in some kind of relationship (as a colleague or ally or companion etc.)
  • association  the act of consorting with or joining with others; the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination;  (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species;  a formal organization of people or groups of people;  (chemistry) any process of combination (especially in solution) that depends on relatively weak chemical bonding;  a relation resulting from interaction or dependence;  the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination;  a social or business relationship
  • astasia  inability to stand due to muscular incoordination
  • asthma  respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • at  100 at equal 1 kip in Laos;  a highly unstable radioactive element (the heaviest of the halogen series); a decay product of uranium and thorium
  • ataxia  inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
  • atenolol  an oral beta blocker (trade name Tenormin) used in treating hypertension and angina; has adverse side effects (depression and exacerbation of congestive heart failure etc.)
  • atrophy  any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use);  a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse;  verb undergo atrophy
  • attachment  the act of attaching or affixing something;  faithful support for a religion or cause or political party;  a supplementary part or accessory;  a connection that fastens things together;  a writ authorizing the seizure of property that may be needed for the payment of a judgment in a judicial proceeding;  a feeling of affection for a person or an institution;  the act of fastening things together
  • attack  a decisive manner of beginning a musical tone or phrase;  an offensive move in a sport or game;  the act of attacking; (military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons);  strong criticism;  the onset of a corrosive or destructive process (as by a chemical agent);  a sudden occurrence of an uncontrollable condition;  ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation;  intense adverse criticism;  verb begin to injure;  set to work upon; turn one's energies vigorously to a task;  attack in speech or writing;  take the initiative and go on the offensive;  launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with;  attack someone physically or emotionally
  • attention  a courteous act indicating affection;  a motionless erect stance with arms at the sides and feet together; assumed by military personnel during drill or review;  the faculty or power of mental concentration;  the process whereby a person concentrates on some features of the environment to the (relative) exclusion of others;  a general interest that leads people to want to know more; the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something
  • attitude  a theatrical pose created for effect;  a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways;  position of aircraft or spacecraft relative to a frame of reference (the horizon or direction of motion); the arrangement of the body and its limbs
  • attribution  assigning to a cause or source;  assigning some quality or character to a person or thing
  • atypical  deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal;  not representative of a group, class, or type
  • audible  heard or perceptible by the ear; a football play is changed orally after both teams have assumed their positions at the line of scrimmage
  • audit  a methodical examination or review of a condition or situation;  an inspection of the accounting procedures and records by a trained accountant or CPA;  verb attend academic courses without getting credit;  examine carefully for accuracy with the intent of verification
  • auditory  of or relating to the process of hearing
  • augmentation  the act of augmenting;  the statement of a theme in notes of greater duration (usually twice the length of the original);  the amount by which something increases
  • augmentative  intensifying by augmentation and enhancement;  increasing or having the power to increase especially in size or amount or degree
  • authorities  the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit
  • authority  official permission or approval;  the power or right to give orders or make decisions;  an authoritative written work;  an expert whose views are taken as definitive;  (usually plural) persons who exercise (administrative) control over others;  freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities;  an administrative unit of government
  • autism  (psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people
  • autistic  characteristic of or affected with autism
  • autochthonous  of rocks, deposits, etc.; found where they and their constituents were formed;  originating where it is found
  • autoimmune  of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body
  • automatic  operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control;  like the unthinking functioning of a machine;  without volition or conscious control; a pistol that will keep firing until the ammunition is gone or the trigger is released; light machine gun
  • autonomic  relating to or controlled by the autonomic nervous system
  • autonomy  immunity from arbitrary exercise of authority: political independence;  personal independence
  • average  lacking special distinction, rank, or status; commonly encountered;  around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical measures;  approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value;  lacking exceptional quality or ability;  relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values); relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution; noun a statistic describing the location of a distribution;  verbcompute the average of;  achieve or reach on average;  amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain
  • aversion  the act of turning yourself (or your gaze) away;  a feeling of intense dislike
  • avoidance  deliberately avoiding; keeping away from or preventing from happening
  • axis  the center around which something rotates;  the 2nd cervical vertebra; serves as a pivot for turning the head;  a straight line through a body or figure that satisfies certain conditions;  in World War II the alliance of Germany and Italy in 1936 which later included Japan and other nations;  the main stem or central part about which plant organs or plant parts such as branches are arranged;  a group of countries in special alliance
  • ayurveda  (Sanskrit) an ancient medical treatise summarizing the Hindu art of healing and prolonging life; sometimes regarded as a 5th Veda
  • b  the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • backwards   adv. at or to or toward the back or rear;  in a manner or order or direction the reverse of normal
  • bad  feeling physical discomfort or pain (`tough' is occasionally used colloquially for `bad');  (of foodstuffs) not in an edible or usable condition;  not working properly;  reproduced fraudulently;  having undesirable or negative qualities;  characterized by wickedness or immorality;  capable of harming;  physically unsound or diseased; very intense;  not financially safe or secure;  nonstandard;  below average in quality or performance;  not capable of being collected; feeling or expressing regret or sorrow or a sense of loss over something done or undone;  adv. very much; strongly;  with great intensity (`bad' is a nonstandard variant for `badly'); that which is below standard or expectations as of ethics or decency
  • bagging  coarse fabric used for bags or sacks
  • barbiturate  organic compound having powerful soporific effect; overdose can be fatal
  • basal  of primary importance;  serving as or forming a base; especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root like stem
  • basic  of or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base; serving as a base or starting point;  pertaining to or constituting a base or basis;  reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality; (usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant;  a popular programming language that is relatively easy to learn; an acronym for beginner's all purpose symbolic instruction code; no longer in general use
  • basics  a statement of fundamental facts or principles; principles from which other truths can be derived
  • basis  the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained;  the most important or necessary part of something;  a relation that provides the foundation for something
  • battered  exhibiting symptoms resulting from repeated physical and emotional injury;  damaged by blows or hard usage;  damaged especially by hard usage
  • battery  an assault in which the assailant makes physical contact;  a device that produces electricity; may have several primary or secondary cells arranged in parallel or series;  a series of stamps operated in one mortar for crushing ores;  a collection of related things intended for use together;  a unit composed of the pitcher and catcher;  group of guns or missile launchers operated together at one place;  the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area rather than hit a specific target
  • beck  a beckoning gesture
  • bed  a piece of furniture that provides a place to sleep;  a plot of ground in which plants are growing;  a foundation of earth or rock supporting a road or railroad track;  the flat surface of a printing press on which the type form is laid in the last stage of producing a newspaper or magazine or book etc.;  a depression forming the ground under a body of water;  (geology) a stratum of rock (especially sedimentary rock);  single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance;  a stratum of ore or coal thick enough to be mined with profit;  verb put to bed;  place (plants) in a prepared bed of soil;  furnish with a bed;  prepare for sleep;  have sexual intercourse with
  • bed wetting  enuresis during sleep; especially common in children (who usually outgrow it)
  • behavior  manner of acting or controlling yourself; (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation;  the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances;  (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
  • behaviour  manner of acting or controlling yourself; (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation;  (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people;  the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances
  • bender  a tool for bending;  a pitch of a baseball that is thrown with spin so that its path curves as it approach the batter;  revelry in drinking; a merry drinking party
  • benzodiazepine  any of several similar lipophilic amines used as tranquilizers or sedatives or hypnotics or muscle relaxants; chronic use can lead to dependency
  • bereavement  state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one
  • best  (superlative of `good') having the most positive qualities; (comparative and superlative of `well') wiser or more advantageous and hence advisable;  adv. it would be sensible;  in a most excellent way or manner;  from a position of superiority or authority; the supreme effort one can make;  the person who is most outstanding or excellent; someone who tops all others;  Canadian physiologist (born in the United States) who assisted F. G. Banting in research leading to the discovery of insulin (1899 1978);  verb get the better of
  • beta  preliminary or testing stage of a software or hardware product;  second in order of importance; the 2nd letter of the Greek alphabet;  beets
  • beta blocker  any of various drugs used in treating hypertension or arrhythmia; decreases force and rate of heart contractions by blocking beta adrenergic receptors of the autonomic nervous system
  • better  (comparative and superlative of `well') wiser or more advantageous and hence advisable;  (comparative of `good') superior to another (of the same class or set or kind) in excellence or quality or desirability or suitability; more highly skilled than another; (comparative of `good') changed for the better in health or fitness; more than half;  adv. comparative of `well'; in a better or more excellent manner or more advantageously or attractively or to a greater degree etc.;  from a position of superiority or authority;  nounthe superior one of two alternatives;  a superior person having claim to precedence;  someone who bets;  verb get better;  to make better; surpass in excellence
  • bias  slanting diagonally across the grain of a fabric; a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation;  a line or cut across a fabric that is not at right angles to a side of the fabric;  verb cause to be biased;  influence in an unfair way
  • biceps  any skeletal muscle having two origins (but especially the muscle that flexes the forearm)
  • binge  an occasion for excessive eating or drinking;  any act of immoderate indulgence;  verb overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself
  • biochemical  of or relating to biochemistry; involving chemical processes in living organisms
  • biodiversity  the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat (or in the world as a whole)
  • biofeedback  a training program in which a person is given information about physiological processes (heart rate or blood pressure) that is not normally available with the goal of gaining conscious control of them
  • biogenic  essential for maintaining the fundamental life processes;  produced by living organisms or biological processes
  • biological  of parents and children; related by blood;  pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • bipolar  having two poles;  of, pertaining to, or occurring in both polar regions;  of or relating to manic depressive illness
  • bipolar disorder  a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
  • birth  the event of being born;  the time when something begins (especially life);  the process of giving birth;  the kinship relation of an offspring to the parents;  verb cause_to_be_born
  • bladder  a bag that fills with air;  a distensible membranous sac (usually containing liquid or gas)
  • blocking  the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements
  • blood  temperament or disposition;  the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart;  people viewed as members of a group;  the descendants of one individual;  a dissolute man in fashionable society;  verb smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
  • blood count  the act of estimating the number of red and white corpuscles in a blood sample;  the number of red and white corpuscles in a blood sample
  • blood pressure  the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels; results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart; sometimes measured for a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • blues  a type of folksong that originated among Black Americans at the beginning of the 20th century; has a melancholy sound from repeated use of blue notes;  a state of depression
  • body  the external structure of a vehicle;  the entire structure of an organism (especially an animal or human being);  a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person;  the central message of a communication;  a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity;  a collection of particulars considered as a system;  an individual 3 dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; the property of holding together and retaining its shape;  the body excluding the head and neck and limbs;  verb invest with or as with a body; give body to
  • body odor  malodorousness resulting from a failure to bathe
  • borderline  of questionable or minimal quality; a line that indicates a boundary
  • botany  the branch of biology that studies plants;  all the plant life in a particular region or period
  • bound  confined by bonds;  secured with a cover or binding; often used as a combining form;  (usually followed by `to') governed by fate;  confined in the bowels;  held with another element, substance or material in chemical or physical union;  headed or intending to head in a certain direction; often used as a combining form as in `college bound students';  bound by an oath;  bound by contract;  covered or wrapped with a bandage; a light, self propelled movement upwards or forwards;  the greatest possible degree of something;  the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something;  a line determining the limits of an area;  verb form the boundary of; be contiguous to;  place limits on (extent or access); spring back; spring away from an impact;  move forward by leaps and bounds
  • bowel  the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • brain  that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord;  mental ability;  the brain of certain animals used as meat;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality;  verb kill by smashing someone's skull;  hit on the head
  • breathing  passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally; sometimes used in combination; the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation
  • bridge  any of various card games based on whist for four players;  a structure that allows people or vehicles to cross an obstacle such as a river or canal or railway etc.;  an upper deck where a ship is steered and the captain stands;  the link between two lenses; rests on nose;  a denture anchored to teeth on either side of missing teeth;  a wooden support that holds the strings up;  a circuit consisting of two branches (4 arms arranged in a diamond configuration) across which a meter is connected;  the hard ridge that forms the upper part of the nose;  something resembling a bridge in form or function;  verb make a bridge across;  cross over on a bridge; connect or reduce the distance between
  • brief  concise and succinct;  of short duration or distance;  (of clothing) very short; a condensed written summary or abstract; a document stating the facts and points of law of a client's case; verb give essential information to someone
  • briquet  a block made from charcoal or coal dust and burned as fuel
  • broadcasting  taking part in a radio or tv program;  a medium that disseminates via telecommunications
  • bruxism  involuntarily or unconsciously clenching or grinding the teeth, typically during sleep
  • bulimia  pathologically insatiable hunger (especially when caused by brain lesions);  a disorder of eating seen among young women who go on eating binges and then feel guilt and depression and self condemnation
  • burden  an onerous or difficult concern;  the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse;  weight to be borne or conveyed;  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work;  verb weight down with a load;  impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
  • bureau  furniture with drawers for keeping clothes;  an administrative unit of government
  • buspirone  a drug (trade name BuSpar) designed specifically for anxiety
  • by   adv. so as to pass a given point;  in reserve; not for immediate use
  • c  the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet;  (music) the keynote of the scale of C major;  a general purpose programing language closely associated with the UNIX operating system;  street names for cocaine;  a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second;  a degree on the centigrade scale of temperature;  an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds; a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  the speed at which light travels in a vacuum; the constancy and universality of the speed of light is recognized by defining it to be exactly 299,792,458 meters per second
  • caffeine  a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  • cage  an enclosure made or wire or metal bars in which birds or animals can be kept;  the net that is the goal in ice hockey;  United States composer of avant garde music (1912 1992);  something that restricts freedom as a cage restricts movement;  a movable screen placed behind home base to catch balls during batting practice;  verbconfine in a cage
  • calcium  a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • cancer  type genus of the family Cancridae;  the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22;  a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer;  any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
  • cannabis  the most commonly used illicit drug; considered a soft drug, it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or chewed for euphoric effect;  any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
  • cannabis sativa  a strong smelling plant from whose dried leaves a number of euphoriant and hallucinogenic drugs are prepared
  • capacity  a specified function;  the maximum production possible;  tolerance for alcohol;  ability to perform or produce;  the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability to understand the facts and significance of your behavior;  (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive; the amount that can be contained;  an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored;  the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment
  • cardiovascular  of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels
  • care  activity involved in maintaining something in good working order;  the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something;  attention and management implying responsibility for safety;  a cause for feeling concern;  judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger;  an anxious feeling;  verb feel concern or interest;  provide care for;  be concerned with;  prefer or wish to do something;  be in charge of, act on, or dispose of
  • case  a portable container for carrying several objects;  a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or home;  bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow;  the actual state of things;  nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence;  a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument;  a problem requiring investigation;  an occurrence of something;  a person requiring professional services;  the quantity contained in a case;  a specific state of mind that is temporary;  a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy;  the enclosing frame around a door or window opening;  the housing or outer covering of something;  an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part;  a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities);  a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation;  a special set of circumstances;  verb look over, usually with the intention to rob; enclose in, or as if in, a case
  • castration  surgical removal of the testes or ovaries (usually to inhibit hormone secretion in cases of breast cancer in women or prostate cancer in men);  neutering a male animal by removing the testicles;  the deletion of objectionable parts from a literary work
  • cat  feline mammal usually having thick soft fur and no ability to roar: domestic cats; wildcats;  a spiteful woman gossip;  a method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross sectional scans along a single axis;  any of several large cats typically able to roar and living in the wild;  a large tracked vehicle that is propelled by two endless metal belts; frequently used for moving earth in construction and farm work;  a whip with nine knotted cords;  the leaves of the shrub Catha edulis which are chewed like tobacco or used to make tea; has the effect of a euphoric stimulant;  an informal term for a youth or man;  verb beat with a cat o' nine tails;  eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • catastrophic  extremely harmful; bringing physical or financial ruin
  • catatonia  extreme tonus; muscular rigidity; a common symptom in catatonic schizophrenia;  a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
  • catatonic  characterized by catatonia especially either rigidity or extreme laxness of limbs
  • catatonic schizophrenia  a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
  • catchment  a structure in which water is collected
  • categorical  relating to or included in a category or categories; not modified or restricted by reservations
  • category  a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations in a conceptual scheme;  a collection of things sharing a common attribute
  • cation  a positively charged ion
  • causation  the act of causing something to happen
  • causing  the act of causing something to happen
  • cd  a digitally encoded recording on an optical disk that is smaller than a phonograph record; played back by a laser;  a debt instrument issued by a bank; usually pays interest;  the basic unit of luminous intensity adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; equal to 1/60 of the luminous intensity per square centimeter of a black body radiating at the temperature of 2,046 degrees Kelvin;  a soft bluish white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic element; occurs in association with zinc ores
  • cell  (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals;  a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction;  a room where a prisoner is kept;  small room is which a monk or nun lives;  any small compartment;  a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement;  a hand held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short range transmitter/receiver
  • cellular  characterized by or divided into or containing cells or compartments (the smallest organizational or structural unit of an organism or organization);  relating to cells
  • censor  a person who is authorized to read publications or correspondence or to watch theatrical performances and suppress in whole or in part anything considered obscene or politically unacceptable;  someone who censures or condemns;  verb subject to political, religious, or moral censorship;  forbid the public distribution of ( a movie or a newspaper)
  • centered  being or placed in the center;  concentrated on or clustered around a central point or purpose
  • central  in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area;  centrally located and easy to reach;  used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place;  serving as an essential component; a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • centre  a low lying region in central France;  a building dedicated to a particular activity;  a cluster of nerve cells governing a specific bodily process;  the sweet central portion of a piece of candy that is enclosed in chocolate or some other covering;  a place where some particular activity is concentrated;  a point equidistant from the ends of a line or the extremities of a figure;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region;  verb direct one's attention on something;  move into the center
  • cerebellum  a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
  • cerebral  involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • cerebral cortex  the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
  • challenge  a demand by a sentry for a password or identification;  questioning a statement and demanding an explanation;  a formal objection to the selection of a particular person as a juror;  a call to engage in a contest or fight;  a demanding or stimulating situation;  verb raise a formal objection in a court of law; ask for identification;  issue a challenge to;  take exception to
  • change  the action of changing something;  a different or fresh set of clothes;  a thing that is different;  an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another;  the result of alteration or modification;  money received in return for its equivalent in a larger denomination or a different currency;  the balance of money received when the amount you tender is greater than the amount due;  coins of small denomination regarded collectively;  a relational difference between states; especially between states before and after some event;  a difference that is usually pleasant; verb undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature;  make or become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence;  cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category;  remove or replace the coverings of;  change clothes; put on different clothes;  lay aside, abandon, or leave for another; become deeper in tone;  change from one vehicle or transportation line to another;  give to, and receive from, one another
  • changing  marked by continuous change or effective action
  • character  (genetics) an attribute (structural or functional) that is determined by a gene or group of genes;  the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions;  an actor's portrayal of someone in a play;  a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability;  a written symbol that is used to represent speech;  a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities);  good repute;  a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something;  an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story);  verb engrave or inscribe characters on
  • charcot  French neurologist who tried to use hypnotism to cure hysteria (1825 1893)
  • chart  a map designed to assist navigation by air or sea;  a visual display of information;  verb plan in detail;  make a chart of; represent by means of a graph
  • chat  an informal conversation;  songbirds having a chattering call;  birds having a chattering call;  verb talk socially without exchanging too much information
  • checklist  a list of items (names or tasks etc.) to be checked or consulted
  • chemical  relating to or used in chemistry;  of or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes; produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
  • chief  most important element; a person who exercises control over workers;  a person who is in charge
  • child  a young person of either sex;  a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age;  an immature childish person;  a member of a clan or tribe
  • child abuse  the physical or emotional or sexual mistreatment of children
  • childhood  the state of a child between infancy and adolescence;  the time of person's life when they are a child
  • chloral hydrate  a colorless crystalline drug used as a sedative; irritates the stomach and can be addictive
  • chlordiazepoxide  a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
  • chloride  any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion);  any compound containing a chlorine atom
  • chlorpromazine  a drug (trade name Thorazine) derived from phenothiazine that has antipsychotic effects and is used as a sedative and tranquilizer
  • choice  of superior grade;  appealing to refined taste; the act of choosing or selecting;  the person or thing chosen or selected; one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  • choking  the act of suffocating (someone) by constricting the windpipe;  a condition caused by blocking the airways to the lungs (as with food or swelling of the larynx)
  • cholinergic  releasing or activated by acetylcholine or a related compound
  • cholinesterase  an enzyme that hydrolyses acetylcholine (into choline and acetic acid)
  • chorea  any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs; chorea in dogs
  • chromatography  a process used for separating mixtures by virtue of differences in absorbency
  • chronic  being long lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • chronically   adv. in a slowly developing and long lasting manner;  in a habitual and longstanding manner
  • cigarette  finely ground tobacco wrapped in paper; for smoking
  • circadian  of or relating to biological processes occurring at 24 hour intervals
  • circuit  an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow;  (law) a judicial division of a state or the United States (so called because originally judges traveled and held court in different locations); one of the twelve groups of states in the United States that is covered by a particular circuit court of appeals;  an established itinerary of venues or events that a particular group of people travel to;  movement once around a course;  a journey or route all the way around a particular place or area;  a racetrack for automobile races;  verb make a circuit
  • circuitry  electronic equipment consisting of a system of circuits
  • circular  marked by or moving in a circle;  having a circular shape;  shaped like a ring; an advertisement (usually printed on a page or in a leaflet) intended for wide distribution
  • circumscribed  showing or determining a boundary;  subject to limits or subjected to limits
  • circumstances  a person's financial situation (good or bad); the state (usually personal) with regard to wealth;  your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you)
  • civil  of or in a condition of social order;  not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others;  (of divisions of time) legally recognized in ordinary affairs of life;  applying to ordinary citizens;  of or relating to or befitting citizens as individuals; of or occurring within the state or between or among citizens of the state
  • clarity  free from obscurity and easy to understand; the comprehensibility of clear expression;  the quality of clear water
  • classical  of or characteristic of a form or system felt to be of first significance before modern times;  of recognized authority or excellence; traditional genre of music conforming to an established form and appealing to critical interest and developed musical taste
  • cleaning  the act of making something clean
  • cleansing  acting like an antiseptic;  cleansing the body by washing; especially ritual washing of e.g. hands; the act of making something clean
  • clearance  permission to proceed;  the distance by which one thing clears another; the space between them;  vertical space available to allow easy passage under something
  • clinical  scientifically detached; unemotional;  relating to a clinic or conducted in or as if in a clinic and depending on direct observation of patients
  • clinician  a practitioner (of medicine or psychology) who does clinical work instead of laboratory experiments
  • clonidine  an antihypertensive (trade name Catapres) that can be administered orally or via transdermal patches
  • close  marked by fidelity to an original;  rigorously attentive; strict and thorough;  at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other;  close in relevance or relationship; inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information; crowded;  (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched;  used of hair or haircuts;  fitting closely but comfortably;  confined to specific persons;  strictly confined or guarded;  of textiles;  not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances;  giving or spending with reluctance;  lacking fresh air;  adv. in an attentive manner;  near in time or place or relationship; the concluding part of any performance;  the last section of a communication;  the temporal end; the concluding time;  verb finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead;  complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement;  move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut;  become closed;  fill or stop up;  bar access to;  bring together all the elements or parts of;  draw near;  come together, as if in an embrace;  change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact;  cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop;  engage at close quarters;  finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.);  be priced or listed when trading stops;  unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of;  cease to operate or cause to cease operating;  come to a close
  • clozapine  an antipsychotic drug (trade name Clozaril) used as a sedative and for treatment resistant schizophrenia; know to have few side effects
  • cluster  a grouping of a number of similar things;  verb come together as in a cluster or flock;  gather or cause to gather into a cluster
  • cm  a metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a meter; a radioactive transuranic metallic element; produced by bombarding plutonium with helium nuclei
  • cns  the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
  • cocaine  a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
  • code  a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring brevity or secrecy;  (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions;  a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written ones);  verb attach a code to;  convert ordinary language into code
  • coercion  the act of compelling by force of authority;  using force to cause something
  • coffee  a beverage consisting of an infusion of ground coffee beans;  any of several small trees and shrubs native to the tropical Old World yielding coffee beans;  a medium brown to dark brown color;  a seed of the coffee tree; ground to make coffee
  • cognition  the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
  • cognitive  of or being or relating to or involving cognition
  • cognitive neuroscience  the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological foundations of mental phenomena
  • cogwheel  a toothed wheel that engages another toothed mechanism in order to change the speed or direction of transmitted motion
  • coherent  sticking together;  marked by an orderly, logical, and aesthetically consistent relation of parts;  capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner
  • cohort  a band of warriors (originally a unit of a Roman Legion);  a company of companions or supporters;  a group people having approximately the same age
  • colitis  inflammation of the colon
  • colonic  of or relating to the colon; a water enema given to flush out the colon
  • coma  a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness; usually the result of disease or injury;  (astronomy) the luminous cloud of particles surrounding the frozen nucleus of a comet; forms as the comet approaches the sun and is warmed;  a usually terminal tuft of hairs especially on a seed
  • combat  an engagement fought between two military forces; the act of fighting; any contest or struggle;  verb battle or contend against in or as if in a battle
  • combined  made or joined or united into one;  involving the joint activity of two or more
  • command  availability for use;  the power or authority to command;  great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity;  an authoritative direction or instruction to do something;  a military unit or region under the control of a single officer;  a position of highest authority;  (computer science) a line of code written as part of a computer program;  verb make someone do something;  be in command of;  demand as one's due;  exercise authoritative control or power over;  look down on
  • commitment  the official act of consigning a person to confinement (as in a prison or mental hospital);  the act of binding yourself (intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action;  an engagement by contract involving financial obligation;  a message that makes a pledge;  the trait of sincere and steadfast fixity of purpose
  • common  having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual;  belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public;  commonly encountered;  being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language;  of or associated with the great masses of people;  to be expected; standard;  common to or shared by two or more parties; lacking refinement or cultivation or taste;  of low or inferior quality or value; a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
  • communication  something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups;  the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information;  a connection allowing access between persons or places
  • communications  the discipline that studies the principles of transmiting information and the methods by which it is delivered (as print or radio or television etc.)
  • community  (ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other;  a group of people living in a particular local area;  a group of people having ethnic or cultural or religious characteristics in common;  a group of nations having common interests;  common ownership;  agreement as to goals;  the body of people in a learned occupation;  a district where people live; occupied primarily by private residences
  • companion  one paid to accompany or assist or live with another;  a person who is frequently in the company of another;  a traveler who accompanies you;  verb be a companion to somebody
  • company  an institution created to conduct business;  a unit of firefighters including their equipment;  a social gathering of guests or companions;  organization of performers and associated personnel (especially theatrical);  small military unit; usually two or three platoons;  the state of being with someone;  crew of a ship including the officers; the whole force or personnel of a ship;  a band of people associated temporarily in some activity;  a social or business visitor; verb be a companion to somebody
  • comparison  examining resemblances or differences; qualities that are comparable;  relation based on similarities and differences
  • compensation  something (such as money) given or received as payment or reparation (as for a service or loss or injury); (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that conceals your undesirable shortcomings by exaggerating desirable behaviors;  the act of compensating for service or loss or injury
  • competence  the quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually
  • competent  adequate for the purpose;  properly or sufficiently qualified or capable or efficient
  • complete  having every necessary or normal part or component or step;  having come or been brought to a conclusion; perfect and complete in every respect; having all necessary qualities;  without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers;  highly skilled;  verb bring to a whole, with all the necessary parts or elements;  come or bring to a finish or an end; write all the required information onto a form;  complete a pass; complete or carry out
  • complete blood count  counting the number of white and red blood cells and the number of platelets in 1 cubic millimeter of blood
  • complex  complicated in structure; consisting of interconnected parts; a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts;  (psychoanalysis) a combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior;  a compound described in terms of the central atom to which other atoms are bound or coordinated;  a whole structure (as a building) made up of interconnected or related structures
  • complexity  the quality of being intricate and compounded
  • compliance  happy friendly agreement;  the act of submitting; usually surrendering power to another;  acting according to certain accepted standards;  a disposition or tendency to yield to the will of others
  • component  an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system;  an abstract part of something;  something determined in relation to something that includes it
  • comprehension  an ability to understand the meaning or importance of something (or the knowledge acquired as a result); the relation of comprising something
  • comprehensive  including all or everything;  broad in scope; noun an intensive examination testing a student's proficiency in some special field of knowledge
  • compromise  a middle way between two extremes;  an accommodation in which both sides make concessions;  verb settle by concession;  make a compromise; arrive at a compromise; expose or make liable to danger, suspicion, or disrepute
  • compulsion  using force to cause something;  an urge to do or say something that might be better left undone or unsaid;  an irrational motive for performing trivial or repetitive actions against your will
  • compulsive  strongly motivated to succeed;  caused by or suggestive of psychological compulsion; a person with a compulsive disposition; someone who feels compelled to do certain things
  • computed tomography  a method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross sectional scans along a single axis
  • concentration  strengthening the amount of a substance in a unit amount of another substance (as of a solute in a mixture) by removing the other substance;  bringing together military forces; (chemistry) the strength of a solution; number of molecules of a substance in a given volume (expressed as moles/cubic meter);  the spatial property of being crowded together;  complete attention; intense mental effort;  increase in density;  great and constant diligence and attention
  • concept  an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
  • conception  the act of becoming pregnant; fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon;  the creation of something in the mind;  an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances; the event that occurred at the beginning of something
  • conceptual  being or characterized by concepts or their formation
  • concordance  an index of all main words in a book along with their immediate contexts;  agreement of opinions;  a harmonious state of things in general and of their properties (as of colors and sounds); congruity of parts with one another and with the whole
  • concrete  capable of being perceived by the senses; not abstract or imaginary;  formed by the coalescence of particles;  nouna strong hard building material composed of sand and gravel and cement and water;  verb form into a solid mass; coalesce;  cover with cement
  • condition  the procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition;  an assumption on which rests the validity or effect of something else; (usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement;  a mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing;  a state at a particular time;  the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases `in condition' or `in shape' or `out of condition' or `out of shape');  information that should be kept in mind when making a decision;  verb apply conditioner to in order to make smooth and shiny;  put into a better state;  establish a conditioned response;  specify as a condition or requirement in a contract or agreement; make an express demand or provision in an agreement; train by instruction and practice; especially to teach self control
  • conditioning  a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
  • conduct  manner of acting or controlling yourself;  (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people;  verblead, as in the performance of a composition;  lead musicians in the performance of;  transmit or serve as the medium for transmission; direct the course of; manage or control;  take somebody somewhere; behave in a certain manner
  • confounding  that confounds or contradicts or confuses
  • congestive  relating to or affected by an abnormal collection of blood or other fluid
  • conjugal  of or relating to marriage or to the relationship between a wife and husband
  • conscientiousness  the trait of being painstaking and careful;  the quality of being in accord with the dictates of conscience
  • conscious  (followed by `of') showing realization or recognition of something;  knowing and perceiving; having awareness of surroundings and sensations and thoughts;  intentionally conceived
  • consciousness  an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself and your situation;  having knowledge of
  • consent  permission to do something;  verb give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to
  • consistency  a harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts;  (logic) an attribute of a logical system that is so constituted that none of the propositions deducible from the axioms contradict one another;  the property of holding together and retaining its shape;  logical coherence and accordance with the facts
  • constipation  irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis;  the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)
  • constitution  the act of forming something;  United States 44 gun frigate that was one of the first three naval ships built by the United States; it won brilliant victories over British frigates during the War of 1812 and is without doubt the most famous ship in the history of the United States Navy; it has been rebuilt and is anchored in the Charlestown Navy Yard in Boston;  the way in which someone or something is composed;  law determining the fundamental political principles of a government
  • constitutional  sanctioned by or consistent with or operating under a constitution;  of benefit to or intended to benefit your physical makeup;  of or relating to a constitution;  constitutional in the structure of something (especially your physical makeup);  existing as an essential constituent or characteristic; a regular walk taken as a form of exercise
  • construction  drawing a figure satisfying certain conditions as part of solving a problem or proving a theorem;  the act of constructing something;  the commercial activity involved in repairing old structures or constructing new ones;  the creation of a construct; the process of combining ideas into a congruous object of thought;  a group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit;  an interpretation of a text or action;  a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts
  • consumption  the act of consuming something;  the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating); (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing;  involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  • contact  close interaction;  the act of touching physically; (electronics) a junction where things (as two electrical conductors) touch or are in physical contact;  a thin curved glass or plastic lens designed to fit over the cornea in order to correct vision or to deliver medication;  a communicative interaction;  the physical coming together of two or more things;  a person who is in a position to give you special assistance;  the state or condition of touching or of being in immediate proximity;  a channel for communication between groups;  verb be in or establish communication with;  be in direct physical contact with; make contact
  • contamination  the act of contaminating or polluting; including (either intentionally or accidentally) unwanted substances or factors;  the state of being contaminated;  a substance that contaminates
  • content  satisfied or showing satisfaction with things as they are; the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned;  everything that is included in a collection;  the proportion of a substance that is contained in a mixture or alloy etc.;  something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation;  what a communication that is about something is about;  the amount that can be contained;  the state of being contented with your situation in life;  verb satisfy in a limited way;  make content
  • contingency  the state of being contingent on something;  a possible event or occurrence or result
  • continuity  the property of a continuous and connected period of time;  a detailed script used in making a film in order to avoid discontinuities from shot to shot;  uninterrupted connection or union
  • continuous  continuing in time or space without interruption;  of a function or curve; extending without break or irregularity
  • continuum  a continuous nonspatial whole or extent or succession in which no part or portion is distinct of distinguishable from adjacent parts
  • contract  a variety of bridge in which the bidder receives points toward game only for the number of tricks he bid;  a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law; (contract bridge) the highest bid becomes the contract setting the number of tricks that the bidder must make;  verb be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness;  enter into a contractual arrangement; make smaller;  become smaller or draw together;  reduce in scope while retaining essential elements;  make or become more narrow or restricted;  compress or concentrate;  squeeze or press together; engage by written agreement
  • contribution  any one of a number of individual efforts in a common endeavor;  act of giving in common with others for a common purpose especially to a charity;  a writing for publication especially one of a collection of writings as an article or story;  an amount of money contributed;  a voluntary gift (as of money or service or ideas) made to some worthwhile cause
  • control  the activity of managing or exerting control over something;  (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc;  a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine;  power to direct or determine;  the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.;  a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance;  a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another;  discipline in personal and social activities;  great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity;  a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment;  the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; verb verify by using a duplicate register for comparison;  exercise authoritative control or power over;  lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits;  verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard, of scientific experiments;  have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of;  be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;  handle and cause to function;  control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage
  • conversion  a spiritual enlightenment causing a person to lead a new life;  a successful free throw or try for point after a touchdown;  the act of changing from one use or function or purpose to another;  act of exchanging one type of money or security for another;  a change in the units or form of an expression: "conversion from Fahrenheit to Centigrade";  interchange of subject and predicate of a proposition;  a change of religion;  an event that results in a transformation;  (psychiatry) a defense mechanism represses emotional conflicts which are then converted into physical symptoms that have no organic basis
  • conversion disorder  a mental disorder characterized by the conversion of mental conflict into somatic forms (into paralysis or anesthesia having no apparent cause)
  • convulsive  affected by involuntary jerky muscular contractions; resembling a spasm;  resembling a convulsion in being sudden and violent
  • cooperation  the practice of cooperating;  joint operation or action
  • coordination  the regulation of diverse elements into an integrated and harmonious operation;  the skillful and effective interaction of movements;  the grammatical relation of two constituents having the same grammatical form
  • coping  brick that is laid sideways at the top of a wall
  • coprolalia  an uncontrollable use of obscene language; often accompanied by mental disorders
  • core  a bar of magnetic material (as soft iron) that passes through a coil and serves to increase the inductance of the coil;  the chamber of a nuclear reactor containing the fissile material where the reaction takes place;  a small group of indispensable persons or things;  the center of an object;  the central part of the Earth;  a cylindrical sample of soil or rock obtained with a hollow drill;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work;  an organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality;  verb remove the core or center from
  • coronary  surrounding like a crown (especially of the blood vessels surrounding the heart); obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  • coronary artery disease  a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • correlation  a statistical relation between two or more variables such that systematic changes in the value of one variable are accompanied by systematic changes in the other;  a reciprocal relation between two or more things;  a statistic representing how closely two variables co vary; it can vary from 1 (perfect negative correlation) through 0 (no correlation) to +1 (perfect positive correlation)
  • cortex  the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal;  the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
  • costs  pecuniary reimbursement to the winning party for the expenses of litigation
  • counseling  something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
  • counselling  something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
  • count  the act of counting;  a nobleman (in various countries) having rank equal to a British earl;  the total number counted;  verbinclude as if by counting;  have faith or confidence in;  name or recite the numbers;  determine the number or amount of;  have weight; have import, carry weight;  put into a group;  take account of;  show consideration for; take into account
  • counter  indicating opposition or resistance;  adv. in the opposite direction; table consisting of a horizontal surface over which business is transacted;  a calculator that keeps a record of the number of times something happens;  a piece of leather forming the back of a shoe or boot;  game equipment used in various card or board games;  (computer science) a register whose contents go through a regular series of states (usually states indicating consecutive integers);  a person who counts things;  a return punch (especially by a boxer);  a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers;  a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one);  verb speak in response; act in advance of; deal with ahead of time
  • couple  a pair who associate with one another;  a pair of people who live together;  (physics) something joined by two equal and opposite forces that act along parallel lines;  two items of the same kind;  a small indefinite number;  verb link together;  bring two objects, ideas, or people together;  make love;  form a pair or pairs
  • course   adv. as might be expected; a mode of action; education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings;  facility consisting of a circumscribed area of land or water laid out for a sport;  (construction) a layer of masonry;  part of a meal served at one time;  a connected series of events or actions or developments; general line of orientation;  a line or route along which something travels or moves;  verb hunt with hounds;  move swiftly through or over;  move along, of liquids
  • court  respectful deference;  an area wholly or partly surrounded by walls or buildings;  a specially marked horizontal area within which a game is played;  a room in which a lawcourt sits;  the residence of a sovereign or nobleman;  the sovereign and his advisers who are the governing power of a state;  the family and retinue of a sovereign or prince;  an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business;  Australian woman tennis player who won many major championships (born in 1947);  a hotel for motorists; provides direct access from rooms to parking area;  verbengage in social activities leading to marriage;  make amorous advances towards;  seek someone's favor
  • covert  secret or hidden; not openly practiced or engaged in or shown or avowed;  (of a wife) being under the protection of her husband; a flock of coots;  a covering that serves to conceal or shelter something
  • crack  of the highest quality; a usually brief attempt;  a purified and potent form of cocaine that is smoked rather than snorted;  a blemish resulting from a break without complete separation of the parts;  a sudden sharp noise;  a long narrow opening;  the act of cracking something;  a narrow opening;  witty remark;  a long narrow depression in a surface;  a chance to do something;  verb break into simpler molecules by means of heat; reduce (petroleum) to a simpler compound by cracking;  become fractured; break or crack on the surface only;  cause to become cracked;  break partially but keep its integrity;  tell spontaneously;  hit forcefully; deal a hard blow, making a cracking noise;  make a very sharp explosive sound;  break suddenly and abruptly, as under tension;  pass through (a barrier);  suffer a nervous breakdown;  make a sharp sound
  • cretinism  severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
  • crime  (criminal law) an act punishable by law; usually considered an evil act;  an evil act not necessarily punishable by law
  • criminal  guilty of crime or serious offense;  involving or being or having the nature of a crime;  bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure; someone who has committed (or been legally convicted of) a crime
  • crisis  a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something;  an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty
  • crisis intervention  psychotherapy that focuses on acute critical situations (depressive episodes or attempted suicides or drug overdoses) with the aim of restoring the person to the level of functioning before the crisis
  • criterion  the ideal in terms of which something can be judged;  a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated
  • critical  marked by a tendency to find and call attention to errors and flaws;  characterized by careful evaluation and judgment; being in or verging on a state of crisis or emergency;  at or of a point at which a property or phenomenon suffers an abrupt change especially having enough mass to sustain a chain reaction;  forming or having the nature of a turning point or crisis;  urgently needed; absolutely necessary;  of or involving or characteristic of critics or criticism
  • crohn  United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn's disease (1884 1983)
  • cross sectional  of or relating to a cross section;  representing a plane made by cutting across something at right angles to its length
  • crying  conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible; noisy with or as if with loud cries and shouts;  demanding attention; noun the process of shedding tears (usually accompanied by sobs or other inarticulate sounds)
  • ct  a method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross sectional scans along a single axis;  a New England state; one of the original 13 colonies
  • cultural  denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people;  relating to the raising of plants or animals;  of or relating to the shared knowledge and values of a society;  of or relating to the arts and manners that a group favors
  • culture  the raising of plants or animals;  (biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar); the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group;  the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization;  a particular society at a particular time and place;  all the knowledge and values shared by a society;  a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality
  • curare  a toxic alkaloid found in certain tropical South American trees that is a powerful relaxant for striated muscles
  • current  occurring in or belonging to the present time; a steady flow (usually from natural causes);  a flow of electricity through a conductor;  dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas
  • custody  holding by the police;  (with `in') guardianship over; in divorce cases it is the right to house and care for and discipline a child;  a state of being confined (usually for a short time)
  • cycle  a single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon;  a periodically repeated sequence of events;  a series of poems or songs on the same theme;  an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs;  a wheeled vehicle that has two wheels and is moved by foot pedals;  the unit of frequency; one hertz has a periodic interval of one second;  verb recur in repeating sequences;  pass through a cycle;  cause to go through a recurring sequence;  ride a bicycle;  ride a motorcycle
  • cycling  the sport of traveling on a bicycle or motorcycle
  • cyclothymia  a mild bipolar disorder that persists over a long time
  • cyclothymic  of or relating to or exhibiting cyclothymia
  • cyproheptadine  an antihistamine (trade name Periactin) used to treat some allergic reactions
  • cytochrome  (biochemistry) a class of hemoprotein whose principle biological function is electron transfer (especially in cellular respiration)
  • cytomegalovirus  any of a group of herpes viruses that enlarge epithelial cells and can cause birth defects; can affect humans with impaired immunological systems
  • d  the 4th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a fat soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • daily  occurring or done each day;  measured by the day or happening every day;  adv. without missing a day;  gradually and progressively; a newspaper that is published every day
  • danger  a dangerous place;  the condition of being susceptible to harm or injury;  a cause of pain or injury or loss;  a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury
  • dangerous  causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm; involving or causing danger or risk; liable to hurt or harm
  • data  a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
  • database  an organized body of related information
  • date rape  rape in which the rapist is known to the victim (as when they are on a date together)
  • dc  the district occupied entirely by the city of Washington; chosen by George Washington as the site of the nation's capital and created out of land ceded by Maryland and Virginia;  an electric current that flows in one direction steadily
  • dd  a doctor's degree in religion
  • de  a Mid Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies
  • dealing  method or manner of conduct in relation to others; the act of transacting within or between groups (as carrying on commercial activities)
  • death  the act of killing;  the event of dying or departure from life;  the personification of death;  the permanent end of all life functions in an organism or part of an organism;  the absence of life or state of being dead;  the time at which life ends; continuing until dead;  the time when something ends;  a final state
  • decision  the act of making up your mind about something;  a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration;  the outcome of a game or contest;  (boxing) a victory won on points when no knockout has occurred;  the trait of resoluteness as evidenced by firmness of character or purpose
  • decreased  made less in size or amount or degree
  • deep  exhibiting great cunning usually with secrecy;  strong; intense;  very distant in time or space;  having great spatial extension or penetration downward or inward from an outer surface or backward or laterally or outward from a center; sometimes used in combination;  relatively deep or strong; affecting one deeply;  with head or back bent low;  large in quantity or size;  extreme;  marked by depth of thinking;  relatively thick from top to bottom;  extending relatively far inward;  difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledge;  of an obscure nature; having or denoting a low vocal or instrumental range;  (of darkness) very intense;  adv. to far into space;  to an advanced time;  to a great depth; literary term for an ocean;  the central and most intense or profound part;  a long steep sided depression in the ocean floor
  • defendant  a person or institution against whom an action is brought in a court of law; the person being sued or accused
  • defense  protection from harm;  military action or resources protecting a country against potential enemies;  a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him;  the justification for some act or belief;  an organization of defenders that provides resistance against attack;  the defendant and his legal advisors collectively;  (sports) the team that is trying to prevent the other team from scoring;  a structure used to defend against attack; the speech act of answering an attack on your assertions;  the federal department responsible for safeguarding national security of the United States; created in 1947;  (psychiatry) an unconscious process that tries to reduce the anxiety associated with instinctive desires
  • defense mechanism  (psychiatry) an unconscious process that tries to reduce the anxiety associated with instinctive desires
  • degeneration  passing from a more complex to a simpler biological form;  the process of declining from a higher to a lower level of effective power or vitality or essential quality;  the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities
  • degenerative  (of illness) marked by gradual deterioration of organs and cells along with loss of function
  • delayed  caused to be slower or later;  not as far along as normal in development
  • deliberate  by conscious design or purpose;  marked by careful consideration or reflection;  with care and dignity;  produced or marked by conscious design or premeditation;  carefully thought out in advance;  verb discuss the pros and cons of an issue;  think about carefully; weigh
  • delirium  a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations;  state of violent mental agitation
  • delivery  the act of delivering a child;  the act of delivering or distributing something (as goods or mail);  the voluntary transfer of something (title or possession) from one party to another;  the event of giving birth;  recovery or preservation from loss or danger; (baseball) the act of throwing a baseball by a pitcher to a batter; your characteristic style or manner of expressing yourself orally
  • delusion  the act of deluding; deception by creating illusory ideas;  a mistaken or unfounded opinion or idea;  (psychology) an erroneous belief that is held in the face of evidence to the contrary
  • delusional  suffering from or characterized by delusions
  • dementia  mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
  • demographic  of or relating to demography; a statistic characterizing human populations (or segments of human populations broken down by age or sex or income etc.)
  • denial  the act of asserting that something alleged is not true; the act of refusing to comply (as with a request);  (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that denies painful thoughts;  renunciation of your own interests in favor of the interests of others;  a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him
  • dental  of or relating to the teeth;  of or relating to dentistry; noun a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • dependence  lack of independence or self sufficiency;  being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • dependency  a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country;  lack of independence or self sufficiency;  being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • dependent  addicted to a drug;  contingent on something else; not independent;  (of a clause) unable to stand alone syntactically as a complete sentence;  being under the power or sovereignty of another or others;  supported from above; a person who relies on another person for support (especially financial support)
  • depersonalisation  representing a human being as a physical thing deprived of personal qualities or individuality; (existentialism) a loss of personal identity; a feeling of being an anonymous cog in a stupid social machine;  emotional dissociative disorder in which there is loss of contact with your own personal reality accompanied by feelings of unreality and strangeness
  • depersonalization  representing a human being as a physical thing deprived of personal qualities or individuality;  (existentialism) a loss of personal identity; a feeling of being an anonymous cog in a stupid social machine;  emotional dissociative disorder in which there is loss of contact with your own personal reality accompanied by feelings of unreality and strangeness
  • depersonalization disorder  emotional dissociative disorder in which there is loss of contact with your own personal reality accompanied by feelings of unreality and strangeness
  • depot  a depository for goods;  station where transport vehicles load or unload passengers or goods
  • depressed  having the central portion lower than the margin; lower than previously;  flattened downward as if pressed from above or flattened along the dorsal and ventral surfaces;  low in spirits
  • depression  pushing down;  sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy;  angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object);  a concavity in a surface produced by pressing;  a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity;  a long term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment;  a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment;  a sunken or depressed geological formation;  a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention;  an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
  • depressive  causing or suggestive of sorrow or gloom;  nounsomeone suffering psychological depression
  • depressive disorder  a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
  • deprivation  act of depriving someone of food or money or rights;  the disadvantage that results from losing something;  a state of extreme poverty
  • dereliction  willful negligence;  a tendency to be negligent and uncaring
  • dermatology  the branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases
  • descriptive  describing the structure of a language;  serving to describe or inform or characterized by description;  concerned with phenomena (especially language) at a particular period without considering historical antecedents
  • design  the act of working out the form of something (as by making a sketch or outline or plan);  a decorative or artistic work;  a preliminary sketch indicating the plan for something;  an arrangement scheme;  the creation of something in the mind;  something intended as a guide for making something else;  an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;  verb intend or have as a purpose;  design something for a specific role or purpose or effect;  conceive or fashion in the mind; invent;  make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form;  create the design for; create or execute in an artistic or highly skilled manner;  create designs;  make or work out a plan for; devise
  • desire  an inclination to want things;  the feeling that accompanies an unsatisfied state;  something that is desired;  verbfeel or have a desire for; want strongly;  express a desire for;  expect and wish
  • determinism  (philosophy) a philosophical theory holding that all events are inevitable consequences of antecedent sufficient causes; often understood as denying the possibility of free will
  • deterrent  tending to deter; something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
  • development  act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining;  (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated;  a recent event that has some relevance for the present situation;  a district that has been developed to serve some purpose;  processing a photosensitive material in order to make an image visible;  a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage);  a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess);  the act of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful;  (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • deviance  deviate behavior;  a state or condition markedly different from the norm
  • devices  an inclination or desire; used in the plural in the phrase `left to your own devices'
  • diabetes  any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
  • diabetes mellitus  diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
  • diagnosis  identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • diagnostic  characteristic or indicative of e.g. a disease; concerned with diagnosis; used for furthering diagnosis
  • diazepam  a tranquilizer (trade name Valium) used to relieve anxiety and relax muscles; acts by enhancing the inhibitory actions of the neurotransmitter GABA; can also be used as an anticonvulsant drug in cases of nerve agent poisoning
  • diencephalon  the posterior division of the forebrain; connects the cerebral hemispheres with the mesencephalon
  • dietary  of or relating to the diet; a regulated daily food allowance
  • differential  relating to or showing a difference;  involving or containing one or more derivatives; a quality that differentiates between similar things;  a bevel gear that permits rotation of two shafts at different speeds; used on the rear axle of automobiles to allow wheels to rotate at different speeds on curves;  the result of mathematical differentiation; the instantaneous change of one quantity relative to another; df(x)/dx
  • differential diagnosis  a systematic method of diagnosing a disorder (e.g., headache) that lacks unique symptoms or signs
  • differentiation  the mathematical process of obtaining the derivative of a function;  a discrimination between things as different and distinct;  (biology) the structural adaptation of some body part for a particular function
  • diffusion  the spread of social institutions (and myths and skills) from one society to another;  (physics) the process of diffusing; the intermingling of molecules in gases and liquids as a result of random thermal agitation;  the act of dispersing or diffusing something;  the property of being diffused or dispersed
  • digit  a finger or toe in human beings or corresponding body part in other vertebrates;  one of the elements that collectively form a system of numeration;  the length of breadth of a finger used as a linear measure
  • dimensional  having dimension the quality or character or stature proper to a person;  of or relating to dimensions
  • dipsomania  an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
  • dis  god of the underworld; counterpart of Greek Pluto
  • disability  the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
  • disabled  markedly unable to function as a consequence of injury or illness;  so badly injured as to be excused from continuing; noun people collectively who are crippled or otherwise physically handicapped
  • disaster  an act that has disastrous consequences;  an event resulting in great loss and misfortune;  a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune
  • disclosure  the speech act of making something evident
  • discontinuation  the act of discontinuing or breaking off; an interruption (temporary or permanent)
  • discovery  the act of discovering something;  a productive insight;  something that is discovered;  (law) compulsory pretrial disclosure of documents relevant to a case; enables one side in a litigation to elicit information from the other side concerning the facts in the case
  • discrete  constituting a separate entity or part
  • discrimination  unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice;  the cognitive process whereby two or more stimuli are distinguished
  • disease  an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • disintegrative  tending to cause breakup into constituent elements or parts
  • disorder  a disturbance of the peace or of public order; condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning;  a condition in which things are not in their expected places;  verb bring disorder to;  disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
  • disorganised  lacking order or methodical arrangement or function
  • disorganized  lacking order or methodical arrangement or function
  • disorganized schizophrenia  a form of schizophrenia characterized by severe disintegration of personality including erratic speech and childish mannerisms and bizarre behavior; usually becomes evident during puberty; the most common diagnostic category in mental institutions
  • disorientation  confusion (usually transient) about where you are and how to proceed; uncertainty as to direction;  a wild delusion (especially one induced by a hallucinogenic drug)
  • displacement  act of removing from office or employment;  to move something from its natural environment;  (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that transfers affect or reaction from the original object to some more acceptable one;  (chemistry) a reaction in which an elementary substance displaces and sets free a constituent element from a compound;  act of taking the place of another especially using underhanded tactics;  the act of uniform movement; an event in which something is displaced without rotation
  • disruptive  characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination
  • dissociation  the act of removing from association; (chemistry) the temporary or reversible process in which a molecule or ion is broken down into smaller molecules or ions;  a state in which some integrated part of a person's life becomes separated from the rest of the personality and functions independently
  • dissonance  disagreeable sounds;  the auditory experience of sound that lacks musical quality; sound that is a disagreeable auditory experience;  a conflict of people's opinions or actions or characters
  • distention  the act of expanding by pressure from within;  the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions
  • distinction  a distinguishing difference;  a distinguishing quality;  a discrimination between things as different and distinct; high status importance owing to marked superiority
  • distortion  the mistake of misrepresenting the facts;  the act of distorting something so it seems to mean something it was not intended to mean;  a change for the worse;  a change (usually undesired) in the waveform of an acoustic or analog electrical signal; the difference between two measurements of a signal (as between the input and output signal);  an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good image;  a shape resulting from distortion
  • distraction  the act of distracting; drawing someone's attention away from something;  mental turmoil;  an obstacle to attention;  an entertainment that provokes pleased interest and distracts you from worries and vexations
  • distress  the seizure and holding of property as security for payment of a debt or satisfaction of a claim;  psychological suffering; extreme physical pain;  a state of adversity (danger or affliction or need);  verb cause mental pain to
  • distribution  the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning;  the commercial activity of transporting and selling goods from a producer to a consumer;  the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume;  (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
  • district  a region marked off for administrative or other purposes;  verb regulate housing in; of certain areas of towns
  • disturbance  the act of disturbing something or someone; setting something in motion;  a disorderly outburst or tumult;  an unhappy and worried mental state;  a noisy fight;  activity that is an intrusion or interruption;  electrical or acoustic activity that can disturb communication;  (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness
  • diurnal  having a daily cycle or occurring every day;  belonging to or active during the day
  • divorce  the legal dissolution of a marriage;  verb get a divorce; formally terminate a marriage;  part; cease or break association with
  • dominance  the organic phenomenon in which one of a pair of alleles present in a genotype is expressed in the phenotype and the other allele of the pair is not;  the state that exists when one person or group has power over another;  superior development of one side of the body;  the power or right to give orders or make decisions
  • dominant  exercising influence or control;  (of genes) producing the same phenotype whether its allele is identical or dissimilar;  noun(music) the fifth note of the diatonic scale;  an allele that produces the same phenotype whether its paired allele is identical or different
  • dopamine  a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension
  • dosage  the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time
  • dose  a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time; the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time;  street name for lysergic acid diethylamide;  a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact;  verb treat with an agent; add (an agent) to;  administer a drug to
  • double  having two meanings with intent to deceive;  large enough for two;  twice as great or many;  consisting of or involving two parts or components usually in pairs;  having more than one decidedly dissimilar aspects or qualities;  used of flowers having more than the usual number of petals in crowded or overlapping arrangements;  used of homologous chromosomes associated in pairs in synapsis;  adv. two together;  downward and forward;  to double the degree; a base hit on which the batter stops safely at second base;  a quantity that is twice as great as another; someone who closely resembles a famous person (especially an actor);  a stand in for movie stars to perform dangerous stunts; raising the stakes in a card game by a factor of 2;  verb increase twofold;  hit a two base hit;  do double duty; serve two purposes or have two functions;  bridge: make a demand for (a card or suit); make or do or perform again;  bend over or curl up, usually with laughter or pain
  • doubles  tennis played with two players on each side; badminton played with two players on each side
  • doubt  uncertainty about the truth or factuality of existence of something;  the state of being unsure of something;  verb consider unlikely or have doubts about;  lack confidence in or have doubts about
  • down  not functioning (temporarily or permanently);  shut; understood perfectly;  being put out by a strikeout;  extending or moving from a higher to a lower place;  becoming progressively lower;  being or moving lower in position or less in some value;  low in spirits;  lower than previously;  adv. spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position;  away from a more central or a more northerly place;  paid in cash at time of purchase;  in an inactive or inoperative state;  to a lower intensity;  from an earlier time;  noun(American football) a complete play to advance the football;  soft fine feathers;  fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs);  (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil;  English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828 1896);  verb bring down or defeat (an opponent);  cause to come or go down;  shoot at and force to come down;  improve or perfect by pruning or polishing;  eat immoderately;  drink down entirely
  • downing  United States landscape architect who designed the grounds of the White House and the Capitol Building (1815 1852)
  • downward  extending or moving from a higher to a lower place;  adv. spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position
  • doxepin  a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Adapin and Sinequan) with numerous side effects (dry mouth and sedation and gastrointestinal disturbances)
  • dragon  any of several small tropical Asian lizards capable of gliding by spreading winglike membranes on each side of the body; a creature of Teutonic mythology; usually represented as breathing fire and having a reptilian body and sometimes wings;  a fiercely vigilant and unpleasant woman;  a faint constellation twisting around the north celestial pole and lying between Ursa Major and Cepheus
  • dream  a state of mind characterized by abstraction and release from reality;  a series of mental images and emotions occurring during sleep;  imaginative thoughts indulged in while awake;  someone or something wonderful;  a fantastic but vain hope (from fantasies induced by the opium pipe);  a cherished desire;  verbhave a daydream; indulge in a fantasy;  experience while sleeping
  • drift  a horizontal (or nearly horizontal) passageway in a mine;  the pervading meaning or tenor;  a general tendency to change (as of opinion);  something that is heaped up by the wind or by water currents;  a force that moves something along;  the gradual departure from an intended course due to external influences (as a ship or plane);  a process of linguistic change over a period of time; verb be piled up in banks or heaps by the force of wind or a current; be subject to fluctuation;  drive slowly and far afield for grazing; cause to be carried by a current;  move in an unhurried fashion;  vary or move from a fixed point or course;  move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment;  be in motion due to some air or water current;  wander from a direct course or at random;  live unhurriedly, irresponsibly, or freely
  • drive  the act of applying force to propel something;  a journey in a vehicle (usually an automobile);  the act of driving a herd of animals overland;  (sports) a hard straight return (as in tennis or squash);  hitting a golf ball off of a tee with a driver;  a wide scenic road planted with trees;  a mechanism by which force or power is transmitted in a machine;  (computer science) a device that writes data onto or reads data from a storage medium;  the trait of being highly motivated;  a physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire;  a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end;  a road leading up to a private house;  verbmove into a desired direction of discourse;  hunting: chase from cover into more open ground;  hunting: search for game;  cause to function by supplying the force or power for or by controlling; excavate horizontally;  hit very hard and straight with the bat swinging more or less vertically;  strike with a driver, as in teeing off; cause to move rapidly by striking or throwing with force;  push, propel, or press with force;  compel somebody to do something, often against his own will or judgment;  travel or be transported in a vehicle;  proceed along in a vehicle;  operate or control a vehicle; urge forward;  cause someone or something to move by driving; move by being propelled by a force;  work as a driver;  to compel or force or urge relentlessly or exert coercive pressure on, or motivate strongly;  have certain properties when driven;  cause to move back by force or influence;  force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;  strive and make an effort to reach a goal
  • driving  having the power of driving or impelling;  acting with vigor; the act of controlling and steering the movement of a vehicle or animal;  hitting a golf ball off of a tee with a driver
  • dropout  someone who quits school before graduation; someone who withdraws from a social group or environment
  • drug  a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic;  verbadminister a drug to;  use recreational drugs
  • drunkenness  a temporary state resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol;  the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess;  habitual intoxication; prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms
  • dual  a grammatical number category referring to two items or units as opposed to one item (singular) or more than two items (plural);  consisting of or involving two parts or components usually in pairs;  having more than one decidedly dissimilar aspects or qualities
  • due  owed and payable immediately or on demand;  suitable to or expected in the circumstances;  scheduled to arrive;  adv. directly or exactly; straight; that which is deserved or owed;  a payment that is due (e.g., as the price of membership)
  • duration  continuance in time;  the property of enduring or continuing in time;  the period of time during which something continues
  • duty  work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons;  the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force;  a government tax on imports or exports
  • dyad  two items of the same kind
  • dynamic  characterized by action or forcefulness or force of personality;  of or relating to dynamics;  expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water'); an efficient incentive
  • dynamics  the branch of mechanics concerned with the forces that cause motions of bodies
  • dysfunction  (medicine) any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part
  • dysfunctional  (of a trait or condition) failing to serve an adjustive purpose;  impaired in function; especially of a bodily system or organ
  • dyskinesia  abnormality in performing voluntary muscle movements
  • dysphoria  abnormal depression and discontent
  • e  the 5th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the base of the natural system of logarithms; approximately equal to 2.718282..;  the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees;  a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons;  a fat soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • early  at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time;  being or occurring at an early stage of development;  of an early stage in the development of a language or literature;  very young;  belonging to the distant past; expected in the near future;  adv. before the usual time or the time expected;  in good time;  during an early stage
  • eating  the act of consuming food
  • echo  the persistence of a sound after its source has stopped; a reply that repeats what has just been said;  (Greek mythology) a nymph who was spurned by Narcissus and pined away until only her voice remained;  verb call to mind;  to say again or imitate;  ring or echo with sound
  • echolalia  (psychiatry) mechanical and meaningless repetition of the words of another person (as in schizophrenia);  an infant's repetition of sounds uttered by others
  • economic  using the minimum of time or resources necessary for effectiveness;  financially rewarding;  concerned with worldly necessities of life (especially money);  of or relating to the science of economics;  of or relating to an economy, the system of production and management of material wealth
  • economy  an act of economizing; reduction in cost;  frugality in the expenditure of money or resources;  the efficient use of resources;  the system of production and distribution and consumption
  • ecstasy  a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion;  a state of elated bliss;  street names for methylenedioxymethamphetamine
  • ect  the administration of a strong electric current that passes through the brain to induce convulsions and coma
  • ed  impotence resulting from a man's inability to have or maintain an erection of his penis
  • edema  swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • education  the profession of teaching (especially at a school or college or university);  the activities of educating or instructing; activities that impart knowledge or skill;  the result of good upbringing (especially knowledge of correct social behavior);  the gradual process of acquiring knowledge;  knowledge acquired by learning and instruction;  the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with education (including federal aid to educational institutions and students); created 1979
  • educational  providing knowledge;  relating to the process of education
  • ee  the branch of engineering science that studies the uses of electricity and the equipment for power generation and distribution and the control of machines and communication
  • eeg  a graphical record of electrical activity of the brain; produced by an electroencephalograph
  • effect  (of a law) having legal validity;  an impression (especially one that is artificial or contrived);  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work;  a symptom caused by an illness or a drug;  an outward appearance;  a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon;  verb produce;  act so as to bring into existence
  • effectiveness  power to be effective; the quality of being able to bring about an effect;  capacity to produce strong physiological or chemical effects
  • effects  property of a personal character that is portable but not used in business
  • ego  (psychoanalysis) the conscious mind;  an inflated feeling of pride in your superiority to others;  your consciousness of your own identity
  • ego ideal  (psychoanalysis) the part of the ego that contains an ideal of personal excellence toward which a person strives
  • ejaculation  an abrupt emphatic exclamation expressing emotion;  the discharge of semen in males
  • elation  a feeling of joy and pride;  an exhilarating psychological state of pride and optimism; an absence of depression
  • eld  a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises;  a late time of life
  • elderly  advanced in years; (`aged' is pronounced as two syllables); people who are old collectively
  • elective  subject to popular election;  not compulsory; a course that the student can select from among alternatives
  • electra  (Greek mythology) the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; persuaded her brother (Orestes) to avenge Agamemnon's death by helping her to kill Clytemnestra and her lover (Aegisthus)
  • electroconvulsive therapy  the administration of a strong electric current that passes through the brain to induce convulsions and coma
  • electroshock  the administration of a strong electric current that passes through the brain to induce convulsions and coma
  • element  the most favorable environment for a plant or animal;  a straight line that generates a cylinder or cone;  the situation in which you are happiest and most effective;  one of four substances thought in ancient and medieval cosmology to constitute the physical universe;  an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system;  an abstract part of something;  any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
  • elementary  easy and not involved or complicated;  of or being the essential or basic part
  • elements  violent or severe weather (viewed as caused by the action of the four elements)
  • elevated  raised above the ground;  raised above ground level; on elevated rails; a railway that is powered by electricity and that runs on a track that is raised above the street level
  • elicitation  stimulation that calls up (draws forth) a particular class of behaviors
  • elimination  the murder of a competitor;  the act of removing or getting rid of something;  the act of removing an unknown mathematical quantity by combining equations;  analysis of a problem into alternative possibilities followed by the systematic rejection of unacceptable alternatives;  the bodily process of discharging waste matter
  • emergency  a sudden unforeseen crisis (usually involving danger) that requires immediate action;  a state in which martial law applies;  a brake operated by hand; usually operates by mechanical linkage
  • emission  the act of emitting; causing to flow forth;  the occurrence of a flow of water (as from a pipe);  the release of electrons from parent atoms;  any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body;  a substance that is emitted or released
  • emotional  of more than usual emotion;  determined or actuated by emotion rather than reason;  of or pertaining to emotion; (of persons) excessively affected by emotion;  extravagantly demonstrative
  • emotionally   adv. with regard to emotions;  in an emotional manner
  • empowerment  the act of conferring legality or sanction or formal warrant
  • enabling  providing legal power or sanction
  • encopresis  involuntary defecation not attributable to physical defects or illness
  • endocrine  of or belonging to endocrine glands or their secretions; any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream;  the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • enduring  patiently enduring continual wrongs or trouble; unceasing
  • engagement  employment for performers or performing groups that lasts for a limited period of time;  the act of sharing in the activities of a group;  contact by fitting together;  a hostile meeting of opposing military forces in the course of a war;  the act of giving someone a job;  a mutual promise to marry;  a meeting arranged in advance
  • english  of or relating to or characteristic of England or its culture or people;  of or relating to the English language; the discipline that studies the English language and literature;  an Indo European language belonging to the West Germanic branch; the official language of Britain and the United States and most of the commonwealth countries;  (sports) the spin given to a ball by striking it on one side or releasing it with a sharp twist;  the people of England
  • enhance   verb increase;  make better or more attractive
  • enhancement  an improvement that makes something more agreeable
  • enjoyment  act of receiving pleasure from something;  the pleasure felt when having a good time;  (law) the exercise of the legal right to enjoy the benefits of owning property
  • enlargement  a photographic print that has been enlarged; the state of being enlarged;  the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope;  a discussion that provides additional information
  • enuresis  inability to control the flow of urine and involuntary urination
  • environment  the area in which something exists or lives;  the totality of surrounding conditions
  • environmental  concerned with the ecological effects of altering the environment;  of or relating to the external conditions or surroundings
  • envy  spite and resentment at seeing the success of another (personified as one of the deadly sins);  a feeling of grudging admiration and desire to have something that is possessed by another;  verb be envious of; set one's heart on;  feel envious towards; admire enviously
  • epidemiology  the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
  • epilepsy  a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
  • epileptic  of or relating to or characteristic of epilepsy; a person who has epilepsy
  • episode  a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series;  a part of a broadcast serial;  a happening that is distinctive in a series of related events;  film consisting of a succession of related shots that develop a given subject in a movie
  • equilibrium  a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head;  a stable situation in which forces cancel one another;  a chemical reaction and its reverse proceed at equal rates;  equality of distribution
  • equivalent  being essentially equal to something;  equal in amount or value; the atomic weight of an element that has the same combining capacity as a given weight of another element; the standard is 8 for oxygen;  a person or thing equal to another in value or measure or force or effect or significance etc
  • erectile  filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood;  capable of being raised to an upright position
  • erosion  (geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding something down (as by particles washing over it);  a gradual decline of something;  condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind;  erosion by chemical action
  • erotic  giving sexual pleasure; sexually arousing; an erotic person
  • ethanol  the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors; used pure or denatured as a solvent or in medicines and colognes and cleaning solutions and rocket fuel; proposed as a renewable clean burning additive to gasoline
  • ethical  conforming to accepted standards of social or professional behavior;  adhering to ethical and moral principles;  of or relating to the philosophical study of ethics
  • ethics  the philosophical study of moral values and rules; motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
  • ethnic  not acknowledging the God of Christianity and Judaism and Islam;  denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people; a person who is a member of an ethnic group
  • ethnic cleansing  the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area
  • ethnicity  an ethnic quality or affiliation resulting from racial or cultural ties
  • etiology  the philosophical study of causation;  the cause of a disease
  • euphoria  a feeling of great (usually exaggerated) elation
  • euthanasia  the act of killing someone painlessly (especially someone suffering from an incurable illness)
  • evaluation  act of ascertaining or fixing the value or worth of; an appraisal of the value of something
  • eve  (Old Testament) Adam's wife in Judeo Christian mythology: the first woman and mother of the human race; God created Eve from Adam's rib and placed Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden;  the day before;  the period immediately before something;  the latter part of the day (the period of decreasing daylight from late afternoon until nightfall)
  • evidence  your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief;  an indication that makes something evident; (law) all the means by which any alleged matter of fact whose truth is investigated at judicial trial is established or disproved;  verbprovide evidence for; stand as proof of; show by one's behavior, attitude, or external attributes;  give evidence;  provide evidence for
  • evolution  (biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms;  a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage)
  • ex  out of fashion; the 24th letter of the Roman alphabet; a woman who was formerly a particular man's wife;  a man who was formerly a certain woman's husband
  • exaltation  a flock of larks (especially a flock of larks in flight overhead);  the location of a planet in the zodiac at which it is believed to exert its maximum influence;  the elevation of a person (as to the status of a god);  a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion
  • examination  the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes);  the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned;  a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge;  a detailed inspection of your conscience (as done daily by Jesuits);  formal systematic questioning
  • exception  a deliberate act of omission;  an instance that does not conform to a rule or generalization;  grounds for adverse criticism
  • excessive  beyond normal limits;  unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings
  • exchange  (chess) the capture by both players (usually on consecutive moves) of pieces of equal value;  (chess) gaining (or losing) a rook in return for a knight or bishop;  reciprocal transfer of equivalent sums of money especially the currencies of different countries;  the act of giving something in return for something received;  the act of changing one thing for another thing;  a workplace for buying and selling; open only to members;  a mutual expression of views (especially an unpleasant one);  chemical process in which one atom or ion or group changes places with another;  the act of putting one thing or person in the place of another: "he sent Smith in for Jones but the substitution came too late to help";  (sports) an unbroken sequence of several successive strokes;  a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication;  verb give to, and receive from, one another;  hand over one and receive another, approximately equivalent;  change over, change around, as to a new order or sequence;  exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category; exchange a penalty for a less severe one
  • excited  in an aroused state;  (of persons) excessively affected by emotion;  (of e.g. a molecule) made reactive or more reactive; marked by uncontrolled excitement or emotion
  • executive  having the function of carrying out plans or orders etc.; persons who administer the law;  a person responsible for the administration of a business;  someone who manages a government agency or department
  • exhibitionism  the perverse act of exposing and attracting attention to your own genitals;  extravagant and conspicuous behavior intended to attract attention to yourself
  • existentialism  (philosophy) a 20th century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves
  • experience  the accumulation of knowledge or skill that results from direct participation in events or activities;  the content of direct observation or participation in an event;  an event as apprehended;  verb go through (mental or physical states or experiences);  go or live through;  undergo;  have firsthand knowledge of states, situations, emotions, or sensations;  undergo an emotional sensation
  • experiential  derived from experience or the experience of existence;  relating to or resulting from experience
  • explicit  precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable; leaving nothing to implication;  in accordance with fact or the primary meaning of a term
  • explosive  serving to explode or characterized by explosion or sudden outburst;  sudden and loud;  liable to lead to sudden change or violence; a chemical substance that undergoes a rapid chemical change (with the production of gas) on being heated or struck
  • exposure  the act of subjecting someone to an influencing experience;  abandoning without shelter or protection (as by leaving as infant out in the open);  presentation to view in an open or public manner;  the act of exposing film to light;  vulnerability to the elements; to the action of heat or cold or wind or rain;  aspect re light or wind;  the disclosure of something secret;  the intensity of light falling on a photographic film or plate;  a picture of a person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a camera on light sensitive material;  the state of being vulnerable or exposed
  • exposure therapy  a form of behavior therapy in which a survivor confronts feelings or phobias or anxieties about a traumatic event and relives it in the therapy situation
  • expressed  communicated in words;  precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable; leaving nothing to implication
  • external  happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface;  purely outward or superficial;  from or between other countries;  coming from the outside; outward features
  • extramarital sex  sexual intercourse between individuals who are not married to one another
  • extreme  most distant in any direction;  of the greatest possible degree or extent or intensity;  far beyond a norm in quantity or amount or degree; to an utmost degree;  beyond a norm in views or actions; the furthest or highest degree of something;  the point located farthest from the middle of something
  • eye  a small hole or loop (as in a needle);  the organ of sight; good discernment (either visually or as if visually);  attention to what is seen;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region;  verb look at
  • eye contact  contact that occurs when two people look directly at each other;  a meeting of the eyes between two people that expresses meaningful nonverbal communication
  • f  the 6th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates;  a degree on the Fahrenheit scale of temperature;  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • face to face  in each other's presence;  adv. within each other's presence;  directly facing each other
  • facilitation  act of assisting or making easier the progress or improvement of something;  (neurophysiology) phenomenon that occurs when two or more neural impulses that alone are not enough to trigger a response in a neuron combine to trigger an action potential;  the condition of being made easy (or easier)
  • factor  an independent variable in statistics;  anything that contributes causally to a result;  any of the numbers (or symbols) that form a product when multiplied together;  (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity;  an abstract part of something;  a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission;  one of two or more integers that can be exactly divided into another integer;  verb resolve into factors
  • failure  an unexpected omission;  an act that fails;  an event that does not accomplish its intended purpose;  a person with a record of failing; someone who loses consistently;  loss of ability to function normally;  lack of success;  inability to discharge all your debts as they come due
  • familial  tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity;  relating to or having the characteristics of a family
  • family  primary social group; parents and children;  people descended from a common ancestor;  a social unit living together; (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more genera;  an association of people who share common beliefs or activities;  a collection of things sharing a common attribute;  a loose affiliation of gangsters in charge of organized criminal activities;  a person having kinship with another or others
  • family history  part of a patient's medical history in which questions are asked in an attempt to find out whether the patient has hereditary tendencies toward particular diseases
  • family therapy  any of several therapeutic approaches in which a family is treated as a whole
  • fantasy  imagination unrestricted by reality;  fiction with a large amount of imagination in it;  something many people believe that is false;  verb indulge in fantasies
  • fatigability  susceptibility to fatigue; a tendency to get tired or lose strength
  • fatigue  (always used with a modifier) boredom resulting from overexposure to something;  temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work;  used of materials (especially metals) in a weakened state caused by long stress;  labor of a nonmilitary kind done by soldiers (cleaning or digging or draining or so on);  verb exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress;  get tired of something or somebody
  • fear  an emotion experienced in anticipation of some specific pain or danger (usually accompanied by a desire to flee or fight);  a profound emotion inspired by a deity;  an anxious feeling;  verb be afraid or scared of; be frightened of;  be uneasy or apprehensive about;  be sorry; used to introduce an unpleasant statement;  be afraid or feel anxious or apprehensive about a possible or probable situation or event;  regard with feelings of respect and reverence; consider hallowed or exalted or be in awe of
  • fecal  foul with waste matter; of or relating to feces
  • feces  solid excretory product evacuated from the bowels
  • feedback  response to an inquiry or experiment;  the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input in order to regulate its further output
  • feeding  the act of supplying food and nourishment;  the act of consuming food
  • feeling  the experiencing of affective and emotional states;  an intuitive understanding of something;  a physical sensation that you experience;  the sensation produced by pressure receptors in the skin;  a vague idea in which some confidence is placed;  the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
  • female  being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces fertilizable gametes (ova) from which offspring develop;  for or pertaining to or composed of women or girls;  characteristic of or peculiar to a woman; an animal that produces gametes (ova) that can be fertilized by male gametes (spermatozoa);  a person who belongs to the sex that can have babies
  • femininity  the trait of behaving in ways considered typical for women
  • ferric  of or relating to or containing iron
  • fertility  the state of being fertile; capable of producing offspring;  the property of producing abundantly and sustaining vigorous and luxuriant growth;  the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 population per year
  • fetal  of or relating to a fetus
  • fetal alcohol syndrome  a medical condition in which body deformation or facial development or mental ability of a fetus is impaired because the mother drank alcohol while pregnant
  • fetishism  sexual arousal or gratification resulting from handling a fetish (or a specific part of the body other than the sexual organs);  a belief in the magical power of fetishes (or the worship of a fetish)
  • first  being the gear producing the lowest drive speed;  ranking above all others;  preceding all others in time or space or degree; highest in pitch or chief among parts or voices or instruments or orchestra sections;  indicating the beginning unit in a series;  serving to begin;  serving to set in motion;  adv. before anything else;  the initial time;  before another in time, space, or importance; prominently forward; an honours degree of the highest class; the first element in a countable series;  the first or highest in an ordering or series;  the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed at first of the bases in the infield (counting counterclockwise from home plate);  the lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle; used to start a car moving;  the time at which something is supposed to begin
  • fixation  (histology) the preservation and hardening of a tissue sample to retain as nearly as possible the same relations they had in the living body;  the activity of fastening something firmly in position;  an unhealthy and compulsive preoccupation with something or someone;  an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
  • fl  a state in southeastern United States between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
  • flapping  the motion made by flapping up and down
  • flashback  a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story;  an unexpected but vivid recurrence of a past experience (especially a recurrence of the effects of an hallucinogenic drug taken much earlier)
  • flight  a scheduled trip by plane between designated airports; an instance of traveling by air;  a stairway (set of steps) between one floor or landing and the next;  passing above and beyond ordinary bounds;  an air force unit smaller than a squadron;  a formation of aircraft in flight;  a flock of flying birds;  the act of escaping physically; the path followed by an object moving through space;  verb fly in a flock;  shoot a bird in flight;  decorate with feathers
  • flooding  overfull with water; a technique used in behavior therapy; client is flooded with experiences of a particular kind until becoming either averse to them or numbed to them
  • fluoxetine  a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Prozac)
  • fluphenazine  tranquilizer used to treat psychotic disorders
  • flurazepam  tranquilizer (trade name Dalmane) used to treat insomnia
  • focus  maximum clarity or distinctness of an image rendered by an optical system;  maximum clarity or distinctness of an idea;  the concentration of attention or energy on something;  a fixed reference point on the concave side of a conic section;  a point of convergence of light (or other radiation) or a point from which it diverges;  a central point or locus of an infection in an organism;  special emphasis attached to something;  verb put (an image) into focus;  become focussed or come into focus;  cause to converge on or toward a central point;  direct one's attention on something;  bring into focus or alignment; to converge or cause to converge; of ideas or emotions
  • folie  (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness
  • folie a deux  the simultaneous occurrence of symptoms of a mental disorder (as delusions) in two persons who are closely related (as siblings or man and wife)
  • food  any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue;  anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking;  any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
  • force  physical energy or intensity;  a powerful effect or influence;  a group of people having the power of effective action; group of people willing to obey orders;  (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity;  a putout of a base runner who is required to run; the putout is accomplished by holding the ball while touching the base to which the runner must advance before the runner reaches that base;  an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists);  (of a law) having legal validity;  a unit that is part of some military service;  one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority;  verb impose or thrust urgently, importunately, or inexorably;  do forcibly; exert force;  force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;  cause to move by pulling; squeeze like a wedge into a tight space;  take by force;  urge or force (a person) to an action; constrain or motivate;  move with force, "He pushed the table into a corner";  to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city"
  • forensic  of, relating to, or used in courts of law or public debate or argument
  • formal  being in accord with established forms and conventions and requirements (as e.g. of formal dress);  (of spoken and written language) adhering to traditional standards of correctness and without casual, contracted, and colloquial forms;  logically deductive; characteristic of or befitting a person in authority;  refined or imposing in manner or appearance; befitting a royal court;  represented in simplified or symbolic form; a gown for evening wear;  a lavish dance requiring formal attire
  • formation  the fabrication of something in a particular shape; creation by mental activity;  a particular spatial arrangement;  an arrangement of people or things acting as a unit;  natural process that causes something to form;  the act of forming something; (geology) the geological features of the earth
  • formulation  the style of expressing yourself;  a substance prepared according to a formula;  inventing or contriving an idea or explanation and formulating it mentally
  • foul  (of a baseball) not hit between the foul lines;  especially of a ship's lines etc;  disgustingly dirty; filled or smeared with offensive matter;  characterized by obscenity;  violating accepted standards or rules;  offensively malodorous;  (of a manuscript) defaced with changes;  highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust; an act that violates of the rules of a sport;  verb become soiled and dirty; make unclean;  spot, stain, or pollute;  commit a foul; break the rules; hit a foul ball;  make impure;  become or cause to become obstructed
  • found  come upon unexpectedly or after searching; food and lodging provided in addition to money;  verb use as a basis for; found on;  set up or lay the groundwork for;  set up or found
  • frame  one of a series of still transparent photographs on a strip of film used in making movies;  a structure supporting or containing something;  the internal supporting structure that gives an artifact its shape;  alternative names for the body of a human being; the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a frame for the body of an animal;  a period of play in baseball during which each team has a turn at bat;  verb make up plans or basic details for; formulate in a particular style or language;  enclose in or as if in a frame;  construct by fitting or uniting parts together;  enclose in a frame, as of a picture;  take or catch as if in a snare or trap
  • free  not literal;  unconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion; able to act at will; not hampered; not under compulsion or restraint; not held in servitude;  not occupied or in use;  not fixed in position; not taken up by scheduled activities;  costing nothing;  adv. without restraint; people who are free;  verb free or remove obstruction from;  grant freedom to; free from confinement;  free from obligations or duties;  make (information) available publication;  make (assets) available;  let off the hook;  remove or force out from a position;  part with a possession or right;  relieve from;  grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to
  • frequency  the number of observations in a given statistical category;  the ratio of the number of observations in a statistical category to the total number of observations;  the number of occurrences within a given time period
  • freud  Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856 1939)
  • frontal  belonging to the front part;  of or adjacent to the forehead or frontal bone;  meeting front to front;  of or relating to the front of an advancing mass of air; a drapery that covers the front of an altar;  the face or front of a building;  an adornment worn on the forehead
  • frottage  masturbation by rubbing against another person (as in a crowd)
  • fugue  a musical form consisting of a theme repeated a fifth above or a fourth below its first statement;  a dreamlike state of altered consciousness that may last for hours or days;  dissociative disorder in which a person forgets who they are and leaves home to creates a new life; during the fugue there is no memory of the former life; after recovering there is no memory for events during the dissociative state
  • function  the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group;  what something is used for;  a formal or official social gathering or ceremony;  a relation such that one thing is dependent on another;  a mathematical relation such that each element of one set is associated with at least one element of another set;  a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program;  a vaguely specified social event;  verb perform as expected when applied;  perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function;  serve a purpose, role, or function
  • functional  designed for or capable of a particular function or use;  involving or affecting function rather than physiology;  designed for or adapted to a function or use;  fit or ready for use or service; relating to or based on function especially as opposed to structure; (of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing
  • functioning  performing or able to perform its regular function; noun process or manner of functioning or operating
  • fund  a reserve of money set aside for some purpose;  a financial institution that sells shares to individuals and invests in securities issued by other companies;  a supply of something available for future use;  verb furnish money for;  accumulate a fund for the discharge of a recurrent liability;  invest money in government securities;  provide a fund for the redemption of principal or payment of interest;  place or store up in a fund for accumulation;  convert (short term floating debt) into long term debt that bears fixed interest and is represented by bonds
  • furore  a sudden outburst (as of protest);  an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  • further  more distant in especially degree;  adv. to or at a greater extent or degree or a more advanced stage (`further' is used more often than `farther' in this abstract sense);  in addition or furthermore;  to or at a greater distance in time or space (`farther' is used more frequently than `further' in this physical sense);  verbpromote the growth of;  contribute to the progress or growth of
  • g  the 7th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated;  (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation;  a unit of information equal to one billion (1,073,741,824) bytes or 1024 megabytes;  a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
  • gaba  an amino acid that is found in the central nervous system; acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter
  • gad  a sharp prod fixed to a rider's heel and used to urge a horse onward;  an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic free floating anxiety and such symptoms as tension or sweating or trembling of lightheadedness or irritability etc that has lasted for more than six months;  verb wander aimlessly in search of pleasure
  • gain  the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating;  the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input;  the advantageous quality of being beneficial;  a quantity that is added; verb increase (one's body weight);  increase in;  obtain advantages, such as points, etc.;  earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as salary or wages;  rise in rate or price;  reach a destination, either real or abstract;  win something through one's efforts;  derive a benefit from;  obtain
  • gait  a person's manner of walking;  a horse's manner of moving;  the rate of moving (especially walking or running)
  • gambling  the act of playing for stakes in the hope of winning (including the payment of a price for a chance to win a prize)
  • gamma aminobutyric acid  an amino acid that is found in the central nervous system; acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter
  • gastroenterology  the branch of medicine that studies the gastrointestinal tract and its diseases
  • gender  a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness;  the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles
  • gene  (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity
  • general  prevailing among and common to the general public; not specialized or limited to one class of things;  applying to all or most members of a category or group;  of national scope;  affecting the entire body;  somewhat indefinite;  of worldwide scope or applicability; a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular); a general officer of the highest rank;  the head of a religious order or congregation;  verb command as a general
  • generalised  spread throughout a body or system;  not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
  • generalization  (psychology) transfer of a response learned to one stimulus to a similar stimulus;  reasoning from detailed facts to general principles;  an idea or conclusion having general application; the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances
  • generalized  spread throughout a body or system;  not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
  • generalized anxiety disorder  an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic free floating anxiety and such symptoms as tension or sweating or trembling of lightheadedness or irritability etc that has lasted for more than six months
  • generation  the act of producing offspring or multiplying by such production;  the production of heat or electricity;  group of genetically related organisms constituting a single step in the line of descent;  the normal time between successive generations;  a stage of technological development or innovation;  a coming into being;  all the people living at the same time or of approximately the same age
  • genetic  of or relating to the science of genetics;  pertaining to or referring to origin;  tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity;  of or relating to or produced by or being a gene
  • genetic counseling  guidance for prospective parents on the likelihood of genetic disorders in their future children
  • genetics  the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
  • genital  of or relating to the external sex organs
  • genital phase  (psychoanalysis) the fifth sexual and social stage in a person's development occurring during adolescence; interest focuses on sexual activity
  • genome  the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism
  • geophagia  eating earth or clay or chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes or sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency
  • geriatric  of or relating to or practicing geriatrics;  of or relating to the aged
  • gestalt  a configuration or pattern of elements so unified as a whole that it cannot be described merely as a sum of its parts
  • gesture  motion of hands or body to emphasize or help to express a thought or feeling;  something done as an indication of intention;  the use of movements (especially of the hands) to communicate familiar or prearranged signals;  verb show, express or direct through movement
  • give  the elasticity of something that can be stretched and returns to its original length;  verb proffer (a body part);  consent to engage in sexual intercourse with a man;  occur;  estimate the duration or outcome of something;  dedicate;  inflict as a punishment; allow to have or take;  guide or direct, as by behavior of persuasion; submit for consideration, judgment, or use;  give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause;  offer in good faith;  manifest or show; convey or communicate; of a smile, a look, a physical gesture; convey, as of a compliment, regards, attention, etc.; bestow;  bestow; accord by verdict;  propose;  be flexible under stress of physical force;  cause to happen or be responsible for;  perform for an audience;  present to view;  transfer possession of something concrete or abstract to somebody;  leave with; give temporarily;  give as a present; make a gift of;  convey or reveal information;  give or convey physically;  give (as medicine);  cause to have, in the abstract sense or physical sense;  deliver in exchange or recompense;  emit or utter;  execute and deliver;  give food to;  give or supply;  bring about;  organize or be responsible for;  move in order to make room for someone for something;  break down, literally or metaphorically; place into the hands or custody of;  tell or deposit (information) knowledge;  contribute to some cause;  bestow, especially officially; be the cause or source of;  endure the loss of;  afford access to
  • glasgow  largest city in Scotland; a port on the Clyde in west central Scotland; one of the great shipbuilding centers of the world
  • global  involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope;  having the shape of a sphere or ball
  • glucose  a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • glyceryl  a trivalent radical derived from glycerol by removing the three hydroxyl radicals
  • gogh  Dutch Post impressionist painter noted for his use of color (1853 1890)
  • golden  favoring or bringing good luck;  suggestive of gold; marked by peace and prosperity;  having the deep slightly brownish color of gold;  supremely favored or fortunate;  made from or covered with gold
  • gonadal  of or relating to the gonads
  • graded  arranged in a sequence of grades or ranks
  • grandeur  the quality of being magnificent or splendid or grand;  the quality of elevation of mind and exaltation of character or ideals or conduct
  • grandiose  impressive because of unnecessary largeness or grandeur; used to show disapproval;  affectedly genteel
  • grief  something that causes great unhappiness;  intense sorrow caused by loss of a loved one (especially by death)
  • group  any number of entities (members) considered as a unit;  a set that is closed, associative, has an identity element and every element has an inverse;  (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule;  verbarrange into a group or groups;  form a group or group together
  • group dynamics  the branch of social psychology that studies the dynamics of interaction in social groups
  • group psychotherapy  psychotherapy in which a small group of individuals meet with a therapist; interactions among the members are considered to be therapeutic
  • group therapy  psychotherapy in which a small group of individuals meet with a therapist; interactions among the members are considered to be therapeutic
  • groupthink  decision making by a group (especially in a manner that discourages creativity or individual responsibility)
  • growth  vegetation that has grown;  something grown or growing;  (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level; a progression from simpler to more complex forms;  (pathology) an abnormal proliferation of tissue (as in a tumor);  the gradual beginning or coming forth;  a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous or more important
  • guardianship  the responsibility of a guardian or keeper; attention and management implying responsibility for safety
  • guilt  remorse caused by feeling responsible for some offence;  the state of having committed an offense
  • gum  any of various substances (soluble in water) that exude from certain plants; they are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying;  the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth;  a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing;  any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum;  wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum; cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesive; verb exude or form gum;  become sticky;  cover, fill, fix or smear with or as if with gum;  grind with the gums; chew without teeth and with great difficulty
  • guthrie  United States folk singer and songwriter (1912 1967)
  • h  the 8th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity equal to the internal energy of a system plus the product of its volume and pressure;  the constant of proportionality relating the energy of a photon to its frequency; approximately 6.626 x 10^ 34 joule second;  a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second;  a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • habit  a pattern of behavior acquired through frequent repetition;  a distinctive attire (as the costume of a religious order); an established custom;  excessive use of drugs;  verb put a habit on
  • habituation  a general accommodation to unchanging environmental conditions;  being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • hair  a filamentous projection or process on an organism;  any of the cylindrical filaments characteristically growing from the epidermis of a mammal;  a covering for the body (or parts of it) consisting of a dense growth of threadlike structures (as on the human head); helps to prevent heat loss;  filamentous hairlike growth on a plant;  cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments;  a very small distance or space
  • hallucinatory  characterized by or characteristic of hallucination
  • hallucinogen  a psychoactive drug that induces hallucinations or altered sensory experiences
  • hallucinosis  a mental state in which the person has continual hallucinations
  • haloperidol  tranquilizer (trade name Haldol) used to treat some psychotic disorders and Tourette's syndrome
  • hangover  something that has survived from the past; disagreeable aftereffects from the use of drugs (especially alcohol); an official who remains in office after his term
  • harm  the act of damaging something or someone;  the occurrence of a change for the worse;  any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.;  verb cause or do harm to
  • hashish  purified resinous extract of the hemp plant; used as a hallucinogen
  • have  a person who possesses great material wealth;  verbsuffer from; be ill with;  undergo;  have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense;  have left;  achieve a point or goal; have a personal or business relationship with someone;  have as a feature;  be confronted with;  cause_to_be_born;  undergo (as of injuries and illnesses);  cause to move; cause to be in a certain position or condition;  cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner;  serve oneself to, or consume regularly;  have sex with; archaic use;  organize or be responsible for;  go through (mental or physical states or experiences);  have ownership or possession of; get something; come into possession of;  receive willingly something given or offered
  • head  a single domestic animal;  a projection out from one end;  (nautical) a toilet on board a boat or ship;  the striking part of a tool;  (usually plural) the obverse side of a coin that usually bears the representation of a person's head;  that part of a skeletal muscle that is away from the bone that it moves;  the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains;  the rounded end of a bone that bits into a rounded cavity in another bone to form a joint;  (grammar) the word in a grammatical constituent that plays the same grammatical role as the whole constituent;  the front of a military formation or procession;  the top of something;  the foam or froth that accumulates at the top when you pour an effervescent liquid into a container;  a rounded compact mass;  a user of (usually soft) drugs;  a person who is in charge;  an individual person;  the pressure exerted by a fluid;  the length or height based on the size of a human or animal head;  the tip of an abscess (where the pus accumulates);  oral stimulation of the genitals;  a membrane that is stretched taut over a drum;  (computer science) a tiny electromagnetic coil and metal pole used to write and read magnetic patterns on a disk;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about;  the subject matter at issue;  a V shaped mark at one end of an arrow pointer; forward movement;  a difficult juncture;  the source of water from which a stream arises;  the part in the front or nearest the viewer;  a natural elevation (especially a rocky one that juts out into the sea); the educator who has executive authority for a school;  a dense clusters of flowers or foliage;  verb remove the head of;  to go or travel towards;  be in charge of;  form a head or come or grow to a head;  be in the front of or on top of;  be the first or leading member of (a group) and excel;  take its rise;  direct the course; determine the direction of travelling;  travel in front of; go in advance of others
  • health  the general condition of body and mind;  a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
  • heard  detected or perceived by the sense of hearing
  • heart  a playing card in the major suit that has one or more red hearts on it;  an inclination or tendency of a certain kind;  the courage to carry on;  the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body;  the locus of feelings and intuitions;  a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal);  a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on playing cards and valentines;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  a positive feeling of liking;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region
  • heatstroke  collapse caused by exposure to excessive heat
  • heavy  darkened by clouds;  (of sleep) deep and complete; lacking lightness or liveliness;  requiring or showing effort;  full of; bearing great weight;  sharply inclined;  dense or inadequately leavened and hence likely to cause distress in the alimentary canal; of comparatively great physical weight or density;  large and powerful; especially designed for heavy loads or rough work; marked by great psychological weight; weighted down especially with sadness or troubles or weariness;  unusually great in degree or quantity or number;  (physics, chemistry) being or containing an isotope with greater than average atomic mass or weight;  of great intensity or power or force;  slow and laborious because of weight;  of the military or industry; using (or being) the heaviest and most powerful armaments or weapons or equipment;  full and loud and deep;  made of fabric having considerable thickness;  of relatively large extent and density;  (of an actor or role) being or playing the villain;  in an advanced stage of pregnancy;  (used of soil) compact and fine grained;  characterized by toilsome effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort;  usually describes a large person who is fat but has a large frame to carry it;  of great gravity or crucial import; requiring serious thought;  given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors; prodigious;  permitting little if any light to pass through because of denseness of matter;  adv. slowly as if burdened by much weight; noun a serious (or tragic) role in a play;  an actor who plays villainous roles
  • hebephrenia  a form of schizophrenia characterized by severe disintegration of personality including erratic speech and childish mannerisms and bizarre behavior; usually becomes evident during puberty; the most common diagnostic category in mental institutions
  • hebephrenic  suffering from a form of schizophrenia characterized by foolish mannerisms and senseless laughter along with delusions and regressive behavior
  • height  the vertical dimension of extension; distance from the base of something to the top;  (of a standing person) the distance from head to foot;  elevation especially above sea level or above the earth's surface;  the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
  • heller  United States novelist whose best known work was a black comedy inspired by his experiences in the Air Force during World War II (1923 1999);  a rowdy or mischievous person (usually a young man);  100 halers equal 1 koruna in Czech Republic;  100 halers equal 1 koruna Slovakia
  • helping  an individual quantity of food or drink taken as part of a meal
  • helplessness  powerlessness revealed by an inability to act; a feeling of being unable to manage;  the state of needing help from something
  • hepatic  pertaining to or affecting the liver; any of numerous small green nonvascular plants of the class Hepaticopsida growing in wet places and resembling green seaweeds or leafy mosses
  • hepatitis  inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
  • hepatolenticular degeneration  a rare inherited disorder of copper metabolism; copper accumulates in the liver and then in the red blood cells and brain
  • herbal  of or relating to herbs; tea like drink made of leaves of various herbs
  • hermaphrodite  of animal or plant; having both male female reproductive organs; one having both male and female sexual characteristics and organs; at birth an unambiguous assignment of male or female cannot be made
  • heroin  a narcotic that is considered a hard drug; a highly addictive morphine derivative; intravenous injection provides the fastest and most intense rush
  • heterogeneity  the quality of being diverse and not comparable in kind
  • hierarchy  the organization of people at different ranks in an administrative body;  a series of ordered groupings of people or things within a system
  • high  happy and excited and energetic;  slightly and pleasantly intoxicated from alcohol or a drug (especially marijuana);  (literal meaning) being at or having a relatively great or specific elevation or upward extension (sometimes used in combinations like `knee high');  greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount;  used of sounds and voices; high in pitch or frequency;  (used of the smell of meat) smelling spoiled or tainted;  standing above others in quality or position;  adv. at a great altitude;  far up toward the source;  in or to a high position, amount, or degree;  in a rich manner; a lofty level or position or degree;  a high place;  a state of altered consciousness induced by alcohol or narcotics;  a state of sustained elation;  an air mass of higher than normal pressure;  a forward gear with a gear ratio that gives the greatest vehicle velocity for a given engine speed;  a public secondary school usually including grades 9 through 12
  • higher  of education beyond the secondary level;  advanced in complexity or elaboration
  • hindu  of or relating to or supporting Hinduism; a person who adheres to Hinduism;  a native or inhabitant of Hindustan or India
  • hippocampus  seahorses;  a complex neural structure (shaped like a sea horse) consisting of grey matter and located on the floor of each lateral ventricle; intimately involved in motivation and emotion as part of the limbic system; has a central role in the formation of memories
  • hippocratic  of or relating to Hippocrates or the school of medicine that took his name
  • hippocratic oath  an oath taken by physicians to observe medical ethics deriving from Hippocrates
  • historical  having once lived or existed or taken place in the real world as distinct from being legendary;  of or relating to the study of history;  belonging to the past; of what is important or famous in the past;  used of the study of a phenomenon (especially language) as it changes through time
  • history  the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings;  all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge;  a record or narrative description of past events;  the aggregate of past events;  the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future
  • histrionic  characteristic of acting or a stage performance; often affected
  • hiv  infection by the human immunodeficiency virus;  the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
  • homeostasis  (physiology) metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex biological mechanisms that operate via the autonomic nervous system to offset disrupting changes
  • homicide  the killing of a human being by another human being
  • homosexuality  a sexual attraction to (or sexual relations with) persons of the same sex
  • honest  not disposed to cheat or defraud; not deceptive or fraudulent;  marked by truth;  without pretensions;  without dissimulation; frank;  free from guile;  habitually speaking the truth; worthy of being depended on
  • hopelessness  the despair you feel when you have abandoned hope of comfort or success
  • hopi  the Shoshonean language spoken by the Hopi;  a member of the Shoshonean people of northeastern Arizona
  • hormonal  of or relating to or caused by hormones
  • hormone  the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • horror  something that inspires dislike; something horrible; intense and profound fear;  intense aversion
  • hospitalization  placing in medical care in a hospital;  the condition of being treated as a patient in a hospital;  a period of time when you are confined to a hospital;  insurance that pays all or part of a patient's hospital expense
  • hostility  a hostile (very unfriendly) disposition;  the feeling of a hostile person;  a state of deep seated ill will;  violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked
  • human  having human form or attributes as opposed to those of animals or divine beings;  characteristic of humanity;  relating to a person; any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
  • huntington  a city of western West Virginia on the Ohio river at the mouth of the Kanawha;  United States railroad executive who built the western section of the first United States transcontinental railroad (1821 1900);  American revolutionary leader who signed the Declaration of Independence and was president of the Continental Congress (1731 1796);  United States physician who first described Huntington's chorea
  • hydantoin  any of a group of anticonvulsant drugs used in treating epilepsy
  • hydrate  any compound that contains water of crystallization; verb cause to be hydrated; add water or moisture to;  become hydrated and combine with water;  supply water or liquid to in order to maintain a healthy balance
  • hydrocephalus  an abnormal condition in which cerebrospinal fluid collects in the ventricles of the brain; in infants it can cause abnormally rapid growth of the head and bulging fontanelles and a small face; in adults the symptoms are primarily neurological
  • hydrochloride  a complex consisting of an organic base in association with hydrogen chloride
  • hygiene  the science concerned with the prevention of illness and maintenance of health;  a condition promoting sanitary practices
  • hyperactivity  a condition characterized by excessive restlessness and movement
  • hyperparathyroidism  excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; can affect many systems of the body (especially causing bone resorption and osteoporosis)
  • hypertension  a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
  • hyperthermia  abnormally high body temperature; sometimes induced (as in treating some forms of cancer)
  • hyperthyroidism  an overactive thyroid gland; pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones or the condition resulting from excessive production of thyroid hormones
  • hyperventilation  an increased depth and rate of breathing greater than demanded by the body needs; can cause dizziness and tingling of the fingers and toes and chest pain if continued
  • hypnosis  a state that resembles sleep but that is induced by suggestion
  • hypnotic  attracting and holding interest as if by a spell;  of or relating to hypnosis; a drug that induces sleep
  • hypochondriasis  chronic and abnormal anxiety about imaginary symptoms and ailments
  • hypoglycemia  abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
  • hypoparathyroidism  inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
  • hypothesis  a tentative theory about the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena;  a proposal intended to explain certain facts or observations;  a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence
  • hypothyroidism  an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
  • hypoxia  a very strong drive resulting from a deficiency of available oxygen in the blood and bodily tissues (short of anoxia)
  • hysteria  excessive or uncontrollable fear;  neurotic disorder characterized by violent emotional outbreaks and disturbances of sensory and motor functions;  state of violent mental agitation
  • hysterical  marked by excessive or uncontrollable emotion; characterized by or arising from psychoneurotic hysteria
  • i  the 9th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
  • iatrogenic  induced by a physician's words or therapy (used especially of a complication resulting from treatment)
  • id  (psychoanalysis) primitive instincts and energies underlying all psychic activity;  a card or badge used to identify the bearer;  a state in the Rocky Mountains
  • ideal  constituting or existing only in the form of an idea or mental image or conception;  conforming to an ultimate standard of perfection or excellence; embodying an ideal;  of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of the reality of ideas; the idea of something that is perfect; something that one hopes to attain;  model of excellence or perfection of a kind; one having no equal
  • ideation  the process of forming and relating ideas
  • identifying  serving to distinguish or identify a species or group
  • identity  the distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entity;  exact sameness;  the individual characteristics by which a thing or person is recognized or known;  an operator that leaves unchanged the element on which it operates
  • idiot  a person of subnormal intelligence
  • ill  presaging ill fortune;  distressing;  resulting in suffering or adversity;  indicating hostility or enmity;  affected by an impairment of normal physical or mental function;  adv. (`ill' is often used as a combining form) in a poor or improper or unsatisfactory manner; not well;  with difficulty or inconvenience; scarcely or hardly;  unfavorably or with disapproval; an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining
  • illicit  contrary to accepted morality (especially sexual morality) or convention;  contrary to or forbidden by law
  • illness  impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
  • imagery  the ability to form mental images of things or events
  • imaging  (medicine) obtaining pictures of the interior of the body;  the ability to form mental images of things or events
  • imipramine  a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Imavate and Tofranil) used to treat clinical depression
  • immediate  having no intervening medium;  performed with little or no delay;  immediately before or after as in a chain of cause and effect;  of the present time and place;  very close or connected in space or time
  • immune  (usually followed by `to') not affected by a given influence;  relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection); secure against;  relating to the condition of immunity; a person who is immune to a particular infection
  • impact  the striking of one body against another;  a forceful consequence; a strong effect;  influencing strongly;  the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat;  verb press or wedge together; pack together;  have an effect upon
  • impaction  a disorder in which a tooth is so crowded in its socket that it cannot erupt normally;  a disorder in which feces are impacted in the lower colon;  the condition of being pressed closely together and firmly fixed;  a sharp collision produced by striking or dashing against something
  • impaired  diminished in strength, quality, or utility;  mentally or physically unfit
  • impairment  damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality;  the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine);  the occurrence of a change for the worse;  the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness;  a symptom of reduced quality or strength
  • implicit  being without doubt or reserve;  implied though not directly expressed; inherent in the nature of something
  • impotence  an inability (usually of the male animal) to copulate;  the quality of lacking strength or power; being weak and feeble
  • impression  the act of pressing one thing on or into the surface of another;  an impressionistic portrayal of a person; (dentistry) an imprint of the teeth and gums in wax or plaster;  an outward appearance;  a vague idea in which some confidence is placed;  all the copies of a work printed at one time;  a clear and telling mental image;  a symbol that is the result of printing;  a concavity in a surface produced by pressing
  • impulse  the act of applying force suddenly;  an impelling force or strength;  the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber;  (electronics) a sharp transient wave in the normal electrical state (or a series of such transients);  a sudden desire;  an instinctive motive
  • impulsive  without forethought;  proceeding from natural feeling or impulse without external stimulus;  characterized by undue haste and lack of thought or deliberation;  determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason;  having the power of driving or impelling
  • in  currently fashionable;  directed or bound inward;  holding office;  adv. to or toward the inside of; a state in midwestern United States;  a unit of length equal to one twelfth of a foot;  a rare soft silvery metallic element; occurs in small quantities in sphalerite
  • in vivo  within a living organism;  adv. in the living organism
  • inappropriate  not suitable for a particular occasion etc;  not in keeping with what is correct or proper
  • inborn  normally existing at birth;  present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • incidence  the striking of a light beam on a surface;  the relative frequency of occurrence of something
  • income  the financial gain (earned or unearned) accruing over a given period of time
  • incompetence  lack of physical or intellectual ability or qualifications;  inability of a part or organ to function properly
  • incompetent  not qualified or suited for a purpose;  not doing a good job;  not meeting requirements;  showing lack of skill or aptitude; someone who is not competent to take effective action
  • incontinence  involuntary urination or defecation;  indiscipline with regard to sensuous pleasures
  • index  the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • indian  of or pertaining to American Indians or their culture or languages;  of or relating to or characteristic of India or the East Indies or their peoples or languages or cultures; a member of the race of people living in America when Europeans arrived;  a native or inhabitant of India;  any of the languages spoken by Amerindians
  • individual  being or characteristic of a single thing or person; separate and distinct from others of the same kind;  concerning one person exclusively;  characteristic of or meant for a single person or thing; a single organism;  a human being
  • induced  brought about or caused; not spontaneous
  • induction  the act of bringing about something (especially at an early time);  an electrical phenomenon whereby an electromotive force (EMF) is generated in a closed circuit by a change in the flow of current;  an act that sets in motion some course of events; reasoning from detailed facts to general principles;  stimulation that calls up (draws forth) a particular class of behaviors;  a formal entry into an organization or position or office
  • infancy  the earliest state of immaturity;  the early stage of growth or development
  • infant  a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk
  • infantile  being or befitting or characteristic of an infant;  of or relating to infants or infancy;  indicating a lack of maturity
  • infarction  localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
  • infection  (international law) illegality that taints or contaminates a ship or cargo rendering it liable to seizure;  moral corruption or contamination;  an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted;  (medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease;  (phonetics) the alteration of a speech sound under the influence of a neighboring sound;  the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms;  the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people
  • infectious  easily spread;  caused by infection or capable of causing infection;  of or relating to infection
  • inferiority  an inferior quality;  the quality of being a competitive disadvantage;  the state of being inferior
  • infertility  the state of being unable to produce offspring; in a woman it is an inability to conceive; in a man it is an inability to impregnate
  • infestation  a swarm of insects that attack plants;  the state of being invaded or overrun by parasites
  • information  (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome;  knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction;  a message received and understood; formal accusation of a crime;  a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
  • informed  having much knowledge or education
  • informed consent  consent by a patient to undergo a medical or surgical treatment or to participate in an experiment after the patient understands the risks involved
  • infrequent  not frequent; not occurring regularly or at short intervals
  • inhalant  inhaling or serving for inhalation; a medication to be taken by inhaling it;  something that is inhaled
  • inhalation  the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing;  a medication to be taken by inhaling it
  • inheritance  hereditary succession to a title or an office or property;  any attribute or immaterial possession that is inherited from ancestors;  (genetics) attributes acquired via biological heredity from the parents;  that which is inherited; a title or property or estate that passes by law to the heir on the death of the owner
  • inhibition  (psychology) the conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or desires;  the quality of being inhibited; (physiology) the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part;  the action of prohibiting or inhibiting or forbidding (or an instance thereof)
  • initial  occurring at the beginning; the first letter of a word (especially a person's name);  verb mark with one's initials
  • initiation  the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new;  a formal entry into an organization or position or office;  an act that sets in motion some course of events; wisdom as evidenced by the possession of knowledge
  • injection  the forceful insertion of a substance under pressure;  the act of putting a liquid into the body by means of a syringe;  any solution that is injected (as into the skin)
  • injury  an act that injures someone;  an accident that results in physical damage or hurt;  any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.;  a casualty to military personnel resulting from combat
  • inner  inside or closer to the inside of the body;  located or occurring within or closer to a center;  located inward;  innermost or essential;  exclusive to a center; especially a center of influence; confined to an exclusive group
  • inpatient  a patient who is residing in the hospital where he is being treated
  • inquiry  a systematic investigation of a matter of public interest;  a search for knowledge;  an instance of questioning
  • inquisition  a severe interrogation (often violating the rights or privacy of individuals);  a former tribunal of the Roman Catholic Church (1232 1820) created to discover and suppress heresy
  • insanity  relatively permanent disorder of the mind
  • insertion  the act of putting one thing into another;  a message (spoken or written) that is introduced or inserted
  • insight  grasping the inner nature of things intuitively;  the clear (and often sudden) understanding of a complex situation;  a feeling of understanding;  clear or deep perception of a situation
  • insomnia  an inability to sleep; chronic sleeplessness
  • instability  the quality or attribute of being unstable and irresolute;  unreliability attributable to being unstable;  an unstable order;  a lack of balance or state of disequilibrium
  • institute  an association organized to promote art or science or education;  verb advance or set forth in court;  set up or lay the groundwork for
  • insulin  hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas; regulates storage of glycogen in the liver and accelerates oxidation of sugar in cells
  • insurance  promise of reimbursement in the case of loss; paid to people or companies so concerned about hazards that they have made prepayments to an insurance company;  written contract or certificate of insurance;  protection against future loss
  • integrated  not segregated; designated as available to all races or groups;  formed into a whole or introduced into another entity; resembling a living organism in organization or development; caused to combine or unite;  formed or united into a whole
  • intellect  knowledge and intellectual ability;  the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination;  a person who uses the mind creatively
  • intellectual  appealing to or using the intellect;  of or associated with or requiring the use of the mind;  of or relating to the intellect; involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; a person who uses the mind creatively
  • intelligence  the operation of gathering information about an enemy;  the ability to comprehend; to understand and profit from experience;  secret information about an enemy (or potential enemy); a unit responsible for gathering and interpreting information about an enemy;  new information about specific and timely events
  • intensive  characterized by a high degree or intensity; often used as a combining form;  of agriculture; intended to increase productivity of a fixed area by expending more capital and labor; tending to give force or emphasis; a modifier that has little meaning except to intensify the meaning it modifies
  • intent  giving or marked by complete attention to; the intended meaning of a communication;  an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions
  • interaction  a mutual or reciprocal action; interacting; (physics) the transfer of energy between elementary particles or between an elementary particle and a field or between fields; mediated by gauge bosons
  • intercourse  communication between individuals;  the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man's penis is inserted into the woman's vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur
  • interdisciplinary  drawing from or characterized by participation of two or more fields of study
  • intermittent  stopping and starting at irregular intervals; stopping and starting at regular intervals
  • internal  happening or arising or located within some limits or especially surface;  occurring within an institution or community; located inward;  inside the country;  innermost or essential
  • international  concerning or belonging to all or at least two or more nations;  from or between other countries; any of several international socialist organizations
  • intervention  (law) a proceeding that permits a person to enter into a lawsuit already in progress; admission of person not an original party to the suit so that person can protect some right or interest that is allegedly affected by the proceedings;  the act of intervening (as to mediate a dispute);  a policy of intervening in the affairs of other countries
  • interview  the questioning of a person (or a conversation in which information is elicited); often conducted by journalists;  a conference (usually with someone important);  verb conduct an interview in television, newspaper, and radio reporting;  discuss formally with (somebody) for the purpose of an evaluation;  go for an interview in the hope of being hired
  • intoxication  excitement and elation beyond the bounds of sobriety;  a temporary state resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol;  the physiological state produced by a poison or other toxic substance
  • introjection  (psychology) unconscious internalization of aspects of the world (especially aspects of persons) within the self in such a way that the internalized representation takes over the psychological functions of the external objects;  (psychoanalysis) the internalization of the parent figures and their values; leads to the formation of the superego
  • involuntary  not subject to the control of the will;  controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control
  • involved  emotionally involved;  entangled or hindered as if e.g. in mire;  connected by participation or association or use;  enveloped; highly complex or intricate
  • iq  a measure of a person's intelligence as indicated by an intelligence test; the ratio of a person's mental age to their chronological age (multiplied by 100)
  • irrational  not consistent with or using reason;  real but not expressible as the quotient of two integers; a real number that cannot be expressed as a rational number
  • irritability  an irritable petulant feeling;  a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger;  excessive sensitivity of an organ or body part
  • irritable  abnormally sensitive to a stimulus;  easily irritated or annoyed;  capable of responding to stimuli
  • irritable bowel syndrome  recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea (often alternating with periods of constipation); often associated with emotional stress
  • ischemia  local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism
  • isocarboxazid  a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (trade name Marplan) that is used to treat clinical depression
  • isolation  the act of isolating something; setting something apart from others;  a country's withdrawal from international politics; a feeling of being disliked and alone;  (psychiatry) a defense mechanism in which memory of an unacceptable act or impulse is separated from the emotion originally associated with it;  a state of separation between persons or groups
  • isoniazid  antibacterial drug (trade name Nydrazid) used to treat tuberculosis
  • iv  administration of nutrients through a vein
  • j  the 10th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second
  • jealous  suspicious or unduly suspicious or fearful of being displaced by a rival;  showing extreme cupidity; painfully desirous of another's advantages
  • jealousy  zealous vigilance;  a feeling of jealous envy (especially of a rival)
  • jean  (usually plural) close fitting pants of heavy denim for manual work or casual wear;  a coarse durable twill weave cotton fabric
  • jet  of the blackest black; similar to the color of jet or coal;  nounan airplane powered by one or more jet engines;  the occurrence of a sudden discharge (as of liquid);  a hard black form of lignite that takes a brilliant polish and is used in jewellery or ornamentation;  an artificially produced flow of water;  street names for ketamine;  verbissue in a jet; come out in a jet; stream or spring forth;  fly a jet plane
  • jet lag  fatigue and sleep disturbance resulting from disruption of the body's normal circadian rhythm as a result of jet travel
  • john  the last of the four Gospels in the New Testament;  (New Testament) disciple of Jesus; traditionally said to be the author of the 4th Gospel and three epistles and the book of Revelation;  youngest son of Henry II; King of England from 1199 to 1216; succeeded to the throne on the death of his brother Richard I; lost his French possessions; in 1215 John was compelled by the barons to sign the Magna Carta (1167 1216);  a room or building equipped with one or more toilets;  a prostitute's customer
  • johnson  17th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated; was impeached but acquitted by one vote (1808 1875);  36th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Kennedy when Kennedy was assassinated (1908 1973);  English writer and lexicographer (1709 1784)
  • joint  involving both houses of a legislature;  united or combined;  affecting or involving two or more; marijuana leaves rolled into a cigarette for smoking;  junction by which parts or objects are joined together;  a disreputable place of entertainment; (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion);  a piece of meat roasted or for roasting and of a size for slicing into more than one portion;  the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made;  verb separate (meat) at the joint;  fasten with a joint;  provide with a joint;  fit as if by joints
  • judgement  the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event;  (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it;  the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions;  the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations;  the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions;  an opinion formed by judging something;  the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision
  • judgment  the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event;  (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it;  the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions;  the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions;  an opinion formed by judging something;  the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations;  the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision
  • judicial  decreed by or proceeding from a court of justice; relating to the administration of justice or the function of a judge; belonging or appropriate to the office of a judge;  expressing careful judgment
  • justice  the administration of law; the act of determining rights and assigning rewards or punishments;  the quality of being just or fair;  the United States federal department responsible for enforcing federal laws (including the enforcement of all civil rights legislation); created in 1870;  a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
  • juvenile  of or relating to or characteristic of or appropriate for children or young people;  displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity; a youthful person
  • k  street names for ketamine;  the 11th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of information equal to one thousand (1024) bytes; the basic unit of thermodynamic temperature adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites;  a light soft silver white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • ketamine  a general anesthetic and tranquilizer (not a barbiturate) that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly; used mainly by veterinarians or for minor surgery with geriatric or pediatric patients; taken in large doses it causes hallucinations similar to those associated with the use of PCP
  • kindling  material for starting a fire;  the act of setting something on fire
  • klein  United States fashion designer noted for understated fashions (born in 1942);  United States psychoanalyst (born in Austria) who was the first to specialize in the psychoanalysis of small children (1882 1960);  German mathematician who created the Klein bottle (1849 1925)
  • kleptomania  an irresistible impulse to steal in the absence of any economic motive
  • knowledge  the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
  • kuru  100 kurus equal 1 lira in Turkey;  a progressive disease of the central nervous system marked by increasing lack of coordination and advancing to paralysis and death within a year of the appearance of symptoms; thought to have been transmitted by cannibalistic consumption of diseased brain tissue since the disease virtually disappeared when cannibalism was abandoned
  • l  the 12th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints);  a cgs unit of illumination equal to the brightness of a perfectly diffusing surface that emits or reflects one lumen per square centimeter
  • la  the syllable naming the sixth (submediant) note of a major or minor scale in solmization;  a state in southern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War;  a white soft metallic element that tarnishes readily; occurs in rare earth minerals and is usually classified as a rare earth
  • labile  open to change; liable to change;  (chemistry, physics, biology) readily undergoing change or breakdown
  • laboratory  a workplace for the conduct of scientific research; a region resembling a laboratory inasmuch as it offers opportunities for observation and practice and experimentation
  • lack  the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable;  verb be without
  • lag  the act of slowing down or falling behind;  one of several thin slats of wood forming the sides of a barrel or bucket;  the time between one event, process, or period and another;  verb cover with lagging to prevent heat loss;  throw or pitch at a mark, as with coins; hang (back) or fall (behind) in movement, progress, development, etc.;  lock up or confine, in or as in a jail
  • lange  United States photographer remembered for her portraits of rural workers during the Depression (1895 1965)
  • language  the mental faculty or power of vocal communication;  a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols;  the cognitive processes involved in producing and understanding linguistic communication;  a system of words used to name things in a particular discipline;  the text of a popular song or musical comedy number;  (language) communication by word of mouth
  • late  having died recently;  being or occurring at an advanced period of time or after a usual or expected time;  at or toward an end or late period or stage of development;  of a later stage in the development of a language or literature; used especially of dead languages;  of the immediate past or just previous to the present time;  (used especially of persons) of the immediate past;  after the expected or usual time; delayed;  adv. later than usual or than expected;  at an advanced age or stage;  in the recent past;  to an advanced time
  • latency  the state of being not yet evident or active;  the time that elapses between a stimulus and the response to it;  (computer science) the time it takes for a specific block of data on a data track to rotate around to the read/write head
  • latency phase  (psychoanalysis) the fourth period (from about age 5 or 6 until puberty) during which sexual interests are supposed to be sublimated into other activities
  • latent  not presently active;  potentially existing but not presently evident or realized
  • laughing  showing or feeling mirth or pleasure or happiness
  • laughter  the activity of laughing; the manifestation of joy or mirth or scorn;  the sound of laughing
  • law  the learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system; a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society;  a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature;  legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity;  the collection of rules imposed by authority;  the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do;  the force of policemen and officers
  • laws  the first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit
  • le  a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)
  • lead  the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge;  a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead');  mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil;  thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing;  an advantage held by a competitor in a race; evidence pointing to a possible solution;  the introductory section of a story;  a news story of major importance;  (baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base; (sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning;  the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile);  a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey;  a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire;  restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal;  the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal combustion engine;  an indication of potential opportunity;  an actor who plays a principal role;  verb cause to undertake a certain action;  travel in front of; go in advance of others; take somebody somewhere;  tend to or result in;  be ahead of others; be the first;  pass or spend;  preside over;  lead, as in the performance of a composition;  move ahead (of others) in time or space;  be in charge of;  be conducive to;  have as a result or residue;  stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point;  lead, extend, or afford access; cause something to pass or lead somewhere
  • leaden  (of movement) slow and laborious;  made heavy or weighted down with weariness;  made of lead;  darkened with overcast;  lacking lightness or liveliness
  • learned  acquired by learning;  highly educated; having extensive information or understanding;  established by conditioning or learning;  having or showing profound knowledge
  • learning  the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge;  profound scholarly knowledge
  • legal  allowed by official rules;  established by or founded upon law or official or accepted rules;  having legal efficacy or force;  of or relating to jurisprudence;  relating to or characteristic of the profession of law
  • legislation  the act of making or enacting laws;  law enacted by a legislative body
  • legs  staying power
  • leisure  freedom to choose a pastime or enjoyable activity; time available for ease and relaxation
  • lethal  of an instrument of certain death
  • leucotomy  surgical interruption of nerve tracts to and from the frontal lobe of the brain; often results in marked cognitive and personality changes
  • leukotomy  surgical interruption of nerve tracts to and from the frontal lobe of the brain; often results in marked cognitive and personality changes
  • level  oriented at right angles to the plumb;  being on a precise horizontal plane;  not showing abrupt variations;  of the score in a contest;  having a surface without slope, tilt in which no part is higher or lower than another; indicator that establishes the horizontal when a bubble is centered in a tube of liquid;  height above ground; an abstract place usually conceived as having depth;  a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale;  a flat surface at right angles to a plumb line;  a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality;  a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process;  a relative position or degree of value in a graded group;  verb become level or even;  talk frankly with; lay it on the line;  aim at;  tear down so as to make flat with the ground;  direct into a position for use;  make level or straight
  • liability  the quality of being something that holds you back; the state of being legally obliged and responsible;  an obligation to pay money to another party
  • liberty  freedom of choice;  personal freedom from servitude or confinement or oppression;  an act of undue intimacy;  immunity from arbitrary exercise of authority: political independence;  leave granted to a sailor or naval officer
  • libido  (psychoanalysis) a Freudian term for sexual urge or desire
  • lick  touching with the tongue;  (boxing) a blow with the fist;  a salt deposit that animals regularly lick;  verb pass the tongue over; find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of;  take up with the tongue;  beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight
  • life  living things collectively;  the experience of being alive; the course of human events and activities;  a motive for living;  a living person;  the organic phenomenon that distinguishes living organisms from nonliving ones;  the course of existence of an individual; the actions and events that occur in living;  a characteristic state or mode of living;  the period during which something is functional (as between birth and death);  the period between birth and the present time;  the period from the present until death; animation and energy in action or expression;  an account of the series of events making up a person's life;  the condition of living or the state of being alive;  a prison term lasting as long as the prisoner lives
  • life cycle  a series of stages through which an organism passes between recurrences of a primary stage;  the course of developmental changes in an organism from fertilized zygote to maturity when another zygote can be produced
  • lifestyle  a manner of living that reflects the person's values and attitudes
  • light  characterized by or emitting light;  (used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent;  (of sleep) easily disturbed; demanding little effort; not burdensome;  having relatively few calories;  easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or heavily seasoned;  of comparatively little physical weight or density; designed for ease of movement or to carry little weight; psychologically light; especially free from sadness or troubles;  not great in degree or quantity or number;  (physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average;  of little intensity or power or force;  moving easily and quickly; nimble;  of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively small or light arms or equipment; intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or profound;  having little importance;  less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so;  casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior;  (used of soil) loose and large grained in consistency;  (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims;  silly or trivial;  used of vowels or syllables; pronounced with little or no stress;  marked by temperance in indulgence;  very thin and insubstantial;  weak and likely to lose consciousness;  adv. with few burdens; any device serving as a source of illumination;  the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures;  public awareness;  mental understanding as an enlightening experience;  a particular perspective or aspect of a situation;  a visual warning signal;  an illuminated area;  a person regarded very fondly;  (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation; having abundant light or illumination;  a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination;  a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires;  merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance;  the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light;  a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul;  verb make lighter or brighter;  begin to smoke; get off (a horse);  to come to rest, settle;  fall to somebody by assignment or lot;  cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat
  • limb  the graduated arc that is attached to an instrument for measuring angles;  either of the two halves of a bow from handle to tip;  one of the jointed appendages of an animal used for locomotion or grasping: arm; leg; wing; flipper;  (astronomy) the circumferential edge of the apparent disc of the sun or the moon or a planet;  any of the main branches arising from the trunk or a bough of a tree;  any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm
  • limbic  of or relating to or forming a limbus
  • limbic system  a system of functionally related neural structures in the brain that are involved in emotional behavior
  • link  a fastener that serves to join or connect;  an interconnecting circuit between two or more locations for the purpose of transmitting and receiving data;  (computing) an instruction that connects one part of a program or an element on a list to another program or list;  a unit of length equal to 1/100 of a chain;  the means of connection between things linked in series;  a two way radio communication system (usually microwave); part of a more extensive telecommunication network;  a channel for communication between groups;  a connecting shape;  the state of being connected;  verb make a logical or causal connection;  connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces;  link with or as with a yoke;  be or become joined or united or linked
  • listing  the act of making a list of items;  a database containing an ordered array of items (names or topics)
  • lithium  a soft silver white univalent element of the alkali metal group; the lightest metal known; occurs in several minerals
  • litigation  a legal proceeding in a court; a judicial contest to determine and enforce legal rights
  • liver  having a reddish brown color; large and complicated reddish brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn out erythrocytes;  liver of an animal used as meat;  someone who lives in a place;  a person who has a special life style
  • living  (informal) absolute;  (used of minerals or stone) in its natural state and place; not mined or quarried;  still in active use;  true to life; lifelike;  pertaining to living persons;  dwelling or inhabiting; often used in combination;  still in existence; people who are still living;  the experience of being alive; the course of human events and activities;  the financial means whereby one lives;  the condition of living or the state of being alive
  • lobar  of or relating to or affecting a lobe
  • lobe  a rounded projection that is part of a larger structure; (anatomy) a somewhat rounded subdivision of a bodily organ or part;  the enhanced response of an antenna in a given direction as indicated by a loop in its radiation pattern;  (botany) a part into which a leaf is divided
  • lobotomy  surgical interruption of nerve tracts to and from the frontal lobe of the brain; often results in marked cognitive and personality changes
  • localization  a determination of the place where something is; (physiology) the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body
  • locus  the set of all points or lines that satisfy or are determined by specific conditions;  the specific site of a particular gene on its chromosome;  the scene of any event or action (especially the place of a meeting)
  • loosening  the act of making something less tight;  an occurrence of control or strength weakening
  • lorazepam  tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia
  • loss  the act of losing;  the disadvantage that results from losing something;  the experience of losing a loved one;  the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue;  something that is lost;  gradual decline in amount or activity;  euphemistic expressions for death;  military personnel lost by death or capture
  • love  any object of warm affection or devotion;  a deep feeling of sexual desire and attraction;  a strong positive emotion of regard and affection;  a score of zero in tennis or squash;  sexual activities (often including sexual intercourse) between two people;  a beloved person; used as terms of endearment;  verb have a great affection or liking for;  be enamored or in love with;  get pleasure from;  have sexual intercourse with
  • low  literal meanings; being at or having a relatively small elevation or upward extension;  less than normal in degree or intensity or amount;  used of sounds and voices; low in pitch or frequency;  very low in volume;  unrefined in character;  being the gear producing the lowest drive speed;  low in spirits;  of the most contemptible kind;  subdued or brought low in condition or status;  no longer sufficient;  low or inferior in station or quality;  adv. in a low position; near the ground; a low level or position or degree; British political cartoonist (born in New Zealand) who created the character Colonel Blimp (1891 1963);  an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation;  the lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle; used to start a car moving;  verb make a low noise, characteristic of bovines
  • loxapine  a tranquilizer (trade name Loxitane) used to treat schizophrenia
  • lsd  a powerful hallucinogenic drug manufactured from lysergic acid
  • lucid  having a clear mind;  (of language) transparently clear; easily understandable;  transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity;  capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner
  • lumbar  of or relating to or near the part of the back between the ribs and the hipbones
  • lumbar puncture  removal by centesis of fluid from the subarachnoid space of the lumbar region of the spinal cord for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
  • lunacy  obsolete terms for legal insanity;  foolish or senseless behavior
  • lunatic  insane and believed to be affected by the phases of the moon; an insane person;  a reckless impetuous irresponsible person
  • m  the 13th letter of the Roman alphabet;  concentration measured by the number of moles of solute per liter of solution;  the basic unit of length adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites (approximately 1.094 yards)
  • made  produced by a manufacturing process;  (of a bed) having the sheets and blankets set in order;  successful or assured of success
  • magnetic  having the properties of a magnet; i.e. of attracting iron or steel;  determined by earth's magnetic fields;  capable of being magnetized;  of or relating to or caused by magnetism;  possessing an extraordinary ability to attract;  having the properties of a magnet; the ability to draw or pull
  • maintenance  the unauthorized interference in a legal action by a person having no interest in it (as by helping one party with money or otherwise to continue the action) so as to obstruct justice or promote unnecessary litigation or unsettle the peace of the community;  means of maintenance of a family or group;  activity involved in maintaining something in good working order;  the act of sustaining life by food or providing a means of subsistence;  court ordered support paid by one spouse to another after they are separated
  • major  greater in number or size or amount;  greater in scope or effect;  of full legal age;  of a scale or mode;  of the field of academic study in which one concentrates or specializes;  of greater importance or stature or rank;  of greater seriousness or danger; noun the principal field of study of a student at a university;  a commissioned military officer in the United States Army or Air Force or Marines; below lieutenant colonel and above captain;  a university student who is studying a particular field as the principal subject; British statesman who was prime minister from 1990 until 1997 (born in 1943);  verb have as one's principal field of study
  • major depressive episode  (psychiatry) a state of depression with all the classic symptoms (anhedonia and lethargy and sleep disturbance and despondency and morbid thoughts and feelings of worthlessness and sometimes attempted suicide) but with no known organic dysfunction
  • male  being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces gametes (spermatozoa) that perform the fertilizing function in generation;  for or pertaining to or composed of men or boys;  characteristic of a man; an animal that produces gametes (spermatozoa) that can fertilize female gametes (ova);  the capital of Maldives in the center of the islands;  a person who belongs to the sex that cannot have babies
  • malformation  something abnormal or anomalous;  an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed
  • malignant  dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor)
  • malignant hyperthermia  hereditary condition in which certain anesthetics (e.g., halothane) cause high body temperatures and muscle rigidity
  • malingering  evading duty or work by pretending to be incapacitated
  • malpractice  a wrongful act that the actor had no right to do; improper professional conduct;  professional wrongdoing that results in injury or damage
  • management  the act of managing something;  those in charge of running a business
  • mania  an irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action;  a mood disorder; an affective disorder in which the victim tends to respond excessively and sometimes violently
  • manic  affected with or marked by frenzy or mania uncontrolled by reason
  • manic depression  a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
  • manic depressive  suffering from a disorder characterized by alternating mania and depression; a person afflicted with manic depressive illness
  • manic disorder  a mood disorder; an affective disorder in which the victim tends to respond excessively and sometimes violently
  • manipulation  exerting shrewd or devious influence especially for one's own advantage;  the action of touching with the hands (or the skillful use of the hands) or by the use of mechanical means
  • manipulative  skillful in influencing or controlling others to your own advantage
  • manner  a way of acting or behaving;  how something is done or how it happens;  a kind
  • manual  requiring human effort;  doing or requiring physical work;  of or relating to the hands; a small handbook;  (military) a prescribed drill in handling a rifle
  • map  a diagrammatic representation of the earth's surface (or part of it);  a function such that for every element of one set there is a unique element of another set;  verb to establish a mapping (of mathematical elements or sets);  explore or survey for the purpose of making a map;  make a map of; show or establish the features of details of;  depict as if on a map;  plan, delineate, or arrange in detail; locate within a specific region of a chromosome in relation to known DNA or gene sequences
  • marijuana  a strong smelling plant from whose dried leaves a number of euphoriant and hallucinogenic drugs are prepared;  the most commonly used illicit drug; considered a soft drug, it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or chewed for euphoric effect
  • marital  of or relating to the state of marriage
  • marriage  the act of marrying; the nuptial ceremony;  two people who are married to each other;  the state of being a married couple voluntarily joined for life (or until divorce);  a close and intimate union
  • masculine  associated with men and not with women;  of grammatical gender;  (music or poetry) ending on an accented beat or syllable; a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to males or to objects classified as male
  • masked  having its true character concealed with the intent of misleading
  • masochism  sexual pleasure obtained from receiving punishment (physical or psychological)
  • mast  a vertical spar for supporting sails;  any sturdy upright pole;  nuts of forest trees used as feed for swine;  nuts of forest trees (as beechnuts and acorns) accumulated on the ground; used especially as food for swine
  • masters  United States poet (1869 1950)
  • maternal  characteristic of a mother;  relating to or derived from one's mother;  relating to or characteristic of or befitting a parent; related on the mother's side
  • mathematics  a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
  • matrix  mold used in the production of phonograph records, type, or other relief surface;  the formative tissue at the base of a nail;  the body substance in which tissue cells are embedded;  a rectangular array of elements (or entries) set out by rows and columns;  an enclosure within which something originates or develops (from the Latin for womb)
  • maturation  coming to full development; becoming mature; (medicine) the formation of morbific matter in an abscess or a vesicle and the discharge of pus;  (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • mature  fully considered and perfected;  having reached full natural growth or development;  characteristic of maturity;  (of birds) having developed feathers or plumage; often used in combination; fully developed or matured and ready to be eaten or used;  verbdevelop and reach maturity; undergo maturation;  become due for repayment;  develop and work out fully in one's mind;  cause to ripen and discharge pus;  grow old or older;  cause to ripen or develop fully
  • mdma  a stimulant drug that is chemically related to mescaline and amphetamine and is used illicitly for its euphoric and hallucinogenic effects; it was formerly used in psychotherapy but in 1985 it was declared illegal in the United States
  • mechanism  the technical aspects of doing something; device consisting of a piece of machinery; has moving parts that perform some function;  (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes;  a natural object resembling a machine in structure or function;  the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reaction
  • medical  requiring or amenable to treatment by medicine especially as opposed to surgery;  relating to the study or practice of medicine;  of or belonging to Aesculapius or the healing art; a thorough physical examination; includes a variety of tests depending on the age and sex and health of the person
  • medical history  the case history of a medical patient as recalled by the patient
  • medically   adv. involving medical practice
  • medication  the act of treating with medicines or remedies; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
  • medicine  the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries;  (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease;  the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques;  punishment for one's actions;  verb treat medicinally, treat with medicine
  • medicolegal  pertaining to legal aspects of the practice of medicine (as malpractice or patient consent for operations or patient information)
  • meditation  continuous and profound contemplation or musing on a subject or series of subjects of a deep or abstruse nature;  (religion) contemplation of spiritual matters (usually on religious or philosophical subjects)
  • megalomania  a psychological state characterized by delusions of grandeur
  • melancholia  extreme depression characterized by tearful sadness and irrational fears
  • melatonin  hormone secreted by the pineal gland
  • member  an organization that is a member of another organization (especially a state that belongs to a group of nations); one of the persons who compose a social group (especially individuals who have joined and participates in a group organization);  anything that belongs to a set or class;  the male organ of copulation (`member' is a euphemism);  an external body part that projects from the body
  • memory  an electronic memory device;  the power of retaining and recalling past experience;  the cognitive processes whereby past experience is remembered;  something that is remembered;  the area of cognitive psychology that studies memory processes
  • men  the force of workers available
  • menopause  the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
  • menstrual  of or relating to menstruation or the menses
  • mental  affected by a disorder of the mind;  involving the mind or an intellectual process;  of or relating to the chin or liplike structure in insects and certain mollusks;  of or relating to the mind; of or relating to the chin or median part of the lower jaw
  • mental health  the psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment
  • mental illness  any disease of the mind; the psychological state of someone who has emotional or behavioral problems serious enough to require psychiatric intervention
  • mescaline  the hallucinatory alkaloid that is the active agent in mescal buttons
  • metabolic  undergoing metamorphosis;  of or relating to metabolism
  • metabolism  the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life;  the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
  • methadone  synthetic narcotic drug similar to morphine but less habit forming; used in narcotic detoxification and maintenance of heroin addiction
  • methaqualone  sedative hypnotic drug (trade name Quaalude) that is a drug of abuse
  • methodology  the system of methods followed in a particular discipline;  the branch of philosophy that analyzes the principles and procedures of inquiry in a particular discipline
  • methylphenidate  central nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in children
  • michigan  a gambling card game in which chips are placed on the ace and king and queen and jack of separate suits (taken from a separate deck); a player plays the lowest card of a suit in his hand and successively higher cards are played until the sequence stops; the player who plays a card matching one in the layout wins all the chips on that card;  a midwestern state in north central United States in the Great Lakes region;  the 3rd largest of the Great Lakes; the largest freshwater lake entirely within the United States borders
  • middle  between an earlier and a later period of time;  of a stage in the development of a language or literature between earlier and later stages;  equally distant from the extremes;  being neither at the beginning nor at the end in a series; the middle area of the human torso (usually in front);  an intermediate part or section;  time between the beginning and the end of a temporal period;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region;  verb put in the middle
  • migraine  a severe recurring vascular headache; occurs more frequently in women than men
  • mild  moderate in type or degree or effect or force; far from extreme;  mild and pleasant;  humble in spirit or manner; suggesting retiring mildness or even cowed submissiveness
  • milieu  the environmental condition
  • mind  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  knowledge and intellectual ability;  attention;  recall or remembrance;  your intention; what you intend to do;  an opinion formed by judging something;  an important intellectual;  verb keep in mind;  be concerned with or about something or somebody;  be offended or bothered by; take offense with, be bothered by;  be on one's guard; be cautious or wary about; be alert to;  be in charge of or deal with;  pay close attention to; give heed to
  • mini  used of women's clothing; very short with hemline above the knee; a very short skirt
  • minor  limited in size or scope;  inferior in number or size or amount;  lesser in scope or effect;  not of legal age;  of a scale or mode;  of your secondary field of academic concentration or specialization;  of lesser importance or stature or rank;  of lesser seriousness or danger;  warranting only temporal punishment;  nouna young person of either sex
  • minors  a league of teams that do not belong to a major league (especially baseball)
  • misshapenness  an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed
  • mixed  consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity);  involving or composed of different races;  caused to combine or unite
  • model  worthy of imitation; the act of representing something (usually on a smaller scale);  representation of something (sometimes on a smaller scale);  a type of product;  a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process;  a representative form or pattern;  a person who poses for a photographer or painter or sculptor;  someone worthy of imitation;  something to be imitated;  a woman who wears clothes to display fashions;  verb form in clay, wax, etc;  construct a model of;  create a representation or model of; plan or create according to a model or models;  display (clothes) as a mannequin;  assume a posture as for artistic purposes
  • modulation  the act of modifying or adjusting according to due measure and proportion (as with regard to artistic effect); (electronics) the transmission of a signal by using it to vary a carrier wave; changing the carrier's amplitude or frequency or phase;  a manner of speaking in which the loudness or pitch or tone of the voice is modified;  rise and fall of the voice pitch;  a musical passage moving from one key to another
  • molecular  relating to simple or elementary organization; relating to or produced by or consisting of molecules
  • monoamine  a molecule containing one amine group (especially one that is a neurotransmitter)
  • monoamine oxidase  an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of many body compounds (e.g., epinephrine and norepinephrine and serotonin)
  • mood  verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker;  a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling;  the prevailing psychological state
  • moral  concerned with principles of right and wrong or conforming to standards of behavior and character based on those principles;  psychological rather than physical or tangible in effect; arising from the sense of right and wrong;  relating to principles of right and wrong; i.e. to morals or ethics;  adhering to ethical and moral principles; the significance of a story or event
  • morbid  suggesting an unhealthy mental state;  caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology;  suggesting the horror of death and decay
  • morbidity  an abnormally gloomy or unhealthy state of mind; the relative incidence of a particular disease;  the quality of being unhealthful and generally bad for you
  • morris  United States statesman who led the committee that produced the final draft of the United States Constitution (1752 1816);  leader of the American Revolution who signed the Declaration of Independence and raised money for the Continental Army (1734 1806);  English poet and craftsman (1834 1896);  United States suffragist in Wyoming (1814 1902)
  • mortality  the quality or state of being mortal;  the ratio of deaths in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 per year
  • motivation  the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior;  the act of motivating; providing incentive;  the condition of being motivated
  • motor  causing or able to cause motion;  conveying information to the muscles from the CNS; machine that converts other forms of energy into mechanical energy and so imparts motion;  a nonspecific agent that imparts motion;  verb travel or be transported in a vehicle
  • movement  the act of changing the location of something;  the driving and regulating parts of a mechanism (as of a watch or clock); a major self contained part of a symphony or sonata;  a natural event that involves a change in the position or location of something;  a group of people with a common ideology who try together to achieve certain general goals;  the act of changing location from one place to another;  a change of position that does not entail a change of location;  a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end;  a general tendency to change (as of opinion);  an optical illusion of motion produced by viewing a rapid succession of still pictures of a moving object;  a euphemism for defecation
  • mri  the use of nuclear magnetic resonance of protons to produce proton density images
  • multidimensional  having or involving or marked by several dimensions or aspects
  • multifactorial  involving or depending on several factors or causes (especially pertaining to a condition or disease resulting from the interaction of many genes)
  • multiple  having or involving or consisting of more than one part or entity or individual; the product of a quantity by an integer
  • multiple sclerosis  a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
  • munchausen  German raconteur who told preposterous stories about his adventures as a soldier and hunter; his name is now associated with any telling of exaggerated stories or winning lies (1720 1797)
  • muscular  having or suggesting great physical power or force; of or relating to or consisting of muscle;  having a robust muscular body build characterized by predominance of structures (bone and muscle and connective tissue) developed from the embryonic mesodermal layer;  (of a person) possessing physical strength and weight; rugged and powerful
  • muslim  of or relating to or supporting Islamism; a believer in or follower of Islam
  • mutism  the condition of being unable or unwilling to speak
  • myoclonus  a clonic spasm of a muscle or muscle group
  • n  the 14th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (of a solution) concentration expressed in gram equivalents of solute per liter;  a unit of force equal to the force that imparts an acceleration of 1 m/sec/sec to a mass of 1 kilogram; equal to 100,000 dynes;  the cardinal compass point that is at 0 or 360 degrees;  a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
  • naloxone  a potent narcotic antagonist (trade name Narcan) especially effective with morphine
  • naltrexone  an oral antagonist against the action of opiates
  • narcissism  an exceptional interest in and admiration for yourself
  • narcissistic  characteristic of those having an inflated idea of their own importance
  • narcissistic personality  personality marked by self love and self absorption; unrealistic views about your own qualities and little regard for others
  • narcolepsy  a sleep disorder characterized by sudden and uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep
  • narcotic  inducing mental lethargy;  inducing stupor or narcosis; of or relating to or designating narcotics; a drug that produces numbness or stupor; often taken for pleasure or to reduce pain; extensive use can lead to addiction
  • nasal  sounding as if the nose were pinched;  of or in or relating to the nose; an elongated rectangular bone that forms the bridge of the nose;  a consonant produced through the nose with the mouth closed
  • national  concerned with or applicable to or belonging to an entire nation or country;  limited to or in the interests of a particular nation;  owned or maintained for the public by the national government;  of or relating to or belonging to a nation or country;  of or relating to nationality;  characteristic of or peculiar to the people of a nation;  inside the country; a person who owes allegiance to that nation
  • national institutes of health  an agency in the Department of Health and Human Services whose mission is to employ science in the pursuit of knowledge to improve human health; is the principal biomedical research agency of the federal government
  • native  belonging to one by birth;  characteristic of or existing by virtue of geographic origin;  characteristic of or relating to people inhabiting a region from the beginning;  as found in nature in the elemental form; a person who was born in a particular place; an indigenous person
  • natural  being talented through inherited qualities;  related by blood; not adopted;  in accordance with nature; relating to or concerning nature;  existing in or produced by nature; not artificial or imitation;  existing in or in conformity with nature or the observable world; neither supernatural nor magical;  (of a key) containing no sharps or flats; (of a note) being neither raised nor lowered by one chromatic semitone;  functioning or occurring in a normal way; lacking abnormalities or deficiencies;  (used especially of commodities) being unprocessed or manufactured using only simple or minimal processes;  unthinking; prompted by (or as if by) instinct; free from artificiality; (craps) a first roll of 7 or 11 that immediately wins the stake;  a notation cancelling a previous sharp or flat;  someone regarded as certain to succeed
  • natural history  the scientific study of plants or animals (more observational than experimental) usually published in popular magazines rather than in academic journals
  • near  not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances;  closely resembling the genuine article;  being on the left side;  very close in resemblance;  with or in a close or intimate relationship;  giving or spending with reluctance;  adv. near in time or place or relationship;  (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished;  verb move towards
  • necrophilia  an irresistible sexual attraction to dead bodies
  • need  anything that is necessary but lacking;  a condition requiring relief;  the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior;  a state of extreme poverty or destitution;  verb have or feel a need for;  have need of;  require as useful, just, or proper
  • needle  a sharp pointed implement (usually steel);  a slender pointer for indicating the reading on the scale of a measuring instrument;  a stylus that formerly made sound by following a groove in a phonograph record;  as the leaf of a conifer;  verb goad or provoke,as by constant criticism;  prick with a needle
  • needs   adv. in such a manner as could not be otherwise
  • nefazodone  an antidepressant drug (trade name Serzone)
  • negative  expressing or consisting of a negation or refusal or denial;  having the quality of something harmful or unpleasant; characterized by or displaying negation or denial or opposition or resistance; having no positive features;  less than zero;  reckoned in a direction opposite to that regarded as positive;  not indicating the presence of microorganisms or disease or a specific condition; having a negative electric charge;  involving disadvantage or harm; designed or tending to discredit, especially without positive or helpful suggestions; a piece of photographic film showing an image with black and white tones reversed;  a reply of denial;  verb vote against; refuse to endorse; refuse to assent
  • neglect  the state of something that has been unused and neglected;  willful lack of care and attention;  failure to act with the prudence that a reasonable person would exercise under the same circumstances;  the trait of neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern;  lack of attention and due care;  verb leave undone or leave out;  fail to attend to;  give little or no attention to;  fail to do something; leave something undone
  • neocortex  the cortical part of the neencephalon
  • nerve  any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body;  impudent aggressiveness;  the courage to carry on;  verb get ready for something difficult or unpleasant
  • nervous  easily agitated;  of or relating to the nervous system; unpredictably excitable (especially of horses);  excited in anticipation; causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  • network  (broadcasting) a communication system consisting of a group of broadcasting stations that all transmit the same programs;  (electronics) a system of interconnected electronic components or circuits;  a system of intersecting lines or channels; an interconnected system of things or people;  an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together at regular intervals;  verbcommunicate with and within a group
  • neural  of or relating to neurons;  of or relating to the nervous system
  • neuroanatomic  of or relating to neural tissue or the nervous system
  • neurobiological  of or relating to the biological study of the nervous system;  adv. with respect to neurobiology
  • neurobiology  the branch of biology that deals with the anatomy and physiology and pathology of the nervous system
  • neurochemical  any organic substance that occurs in neural activity
  • neuroendocrine  of or relating to the nervous and endocrine systems (especially as they function together)
  • neuroleptic  tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
  • neurologic  of or relating to or used in or practicing neurology
  • neurological  of or relating to or used in or practicing neurology
  • neurology  (neurology) the branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and its disorders;  the branch of medical science that deals with the nervous system
  • neuropathy  any pathology of the peripheral nerves
  • neurophysiology  the branch of neuroscience that studies the physiology of the nervous system
  • neurosis  a mental or personality disturbance not attributable to any known neurological or organic dysfunction
  • neurosurgery  any surgery that involves the nervous system (brain or spinal cord or peripheral nerves)
  • neurotic  affected with emotional disorder;  characteristic of or affected by neurosis; a person suffering from neurosis
  • neutrality  nonparticipation in a dispute or war;  pH value of 7; tolerance attributable to a lack of involvement
  • ng  one billionth (1/1,000,000,000) gram
  • nicotine  an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco; used in medicine and as an insecticide
  • night  darkness;  the dark part of the diurnal cycle considered a time unit;  the time after sunset and before sunrise while it is dark outside;  the time between sunset and midnight;  the period spent sleeping;  a period of ignorance or backwardness or gloom;  a shortening of nightfall;  Roman goddess of night; daughter of Erebus; counterpart of Greek Nyx
  • nightmare  a terrifying or deeply upsetting dream;  a situation resembling a terrifying dream
  • nih  an agency in the Department of Health and Human Services whose mission is to employ science in the pursuit of knowledge to improve human health; is the principal biomedical research agency of the federal government
  • nihilism  a revolutionary doctrine that advocates destruction of the social system for its own sake;  complete denial of all established authority and institutions;  the delusion that things (or everything, including the self) do not exist; a sense that everything is unreal
  • ninth  coming next after the eighth and just before the tenth in position; position nine in a countable series of things;  one part in nine equal parts
  • nitrazepam  a hypnotic and sedative drug of the benzodiazepine type
  • nitrous  of or containing nitrogen
  • nitrous oxide  inhalation anesthetic used as an anesthetic in dentistry and surgery
  • nocturnal  belonging to or active during the night;  of or relating to or occurring in the night
  • nonsteroidal  not steroidal or not having the effects of steroid hormones; an organic compound that does no contain a steroid
  • nonverbal  involving little use of language;  lacking verbal skill; concerned with numbers rather than words;  being other than verbal communication
  • norepinephrine  a catecholamine precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and also released at synapses
  • normal  conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal;  being approximately average or within certain limits in e.g. intelligence and development; in accordance with scientific laws;  forming a right angle;  nounsomething regarded as a normative example
  • nortriptyline  a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Pamelor) used along with psychotherapy to treat dysthymic depression; may interact dangerously if taken with other drugs
  • not   adv. negation of a word or group of words
  • novel  pleasantly new or different;  original and of a kind not seen before; a printed and bound book that is an extended work of fiction;  a extended fictional work in prose; usually in the form of a story
  • nuclear  constituting or like a nucleus;  (weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy;  of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of an atom;  of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of a cell
  • nutrition  the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans);  (physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance;  a source of materials to nourish the body
  • nymphomania  abnormally intense sexual desire in women
  • nystagmus  involuntary movements of the eyeballs; its presence or absence is used to diagnose a variety of neurological and visual disorders
  • o  the blood group whose red cells carry neither the A nor B antigens;  the 15th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
  • oath  a commitment to tell the truth (especially in a court of law); to lie under oath is to become subject to prosecution for perjury;  a solemn promise, usually invoking a divine witness, regarding your future acts or behavior;  profane or obscene expression usually of surprise or anger
  • obedience  behavior intended to please your parents;  the act of obeying; dutiful or submissive behavior with respect to another person;  the trait of being willing to obey
  • obesity  more than average fatness
  • object  a tangible and visible entity; an entity that can cast a shadow;  the focus of cognitions or feelings;  (grammar) a constituent that is acted upon;  the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable);  verb express or raise an objection or protest or criticism or express dissent;  be averse to or express disapproval of
  • observation  the act of observing; taking a patient look;  the act of making and recording a measurement;  facts learned by observing;  a remark expressing careful consideration;  the act of noticing or paying attention
  • obsession  an unhealthy and compulsive preoccupation with something or someone;  an irrational motive for performing trivial or repetitive actions against your will
  • obsessive  characterized by or constituting an obsession; noun a person who has obsessions
  • obsessive compulsive  characterized by obsessions and compulsions; a person with obsessive compulsive characteristics
  • obstetric  of or relating to or used in or practicing obstetrics
  • obstetrics  the branch of medicine dealing with childbirth and care of the mother
  • occupational  of or relating to the activity or business for which you are trained
  • odd  not easily explained;  not divisible by two;  an indefinite quantity more than that specified;  of the remaining member of a pair, of socks e.g.;  not used up;  beyond or deviating from the usual or expected
  • odor  any property detected by the olfactory system;  the sensation that results when olfactory receptors in the nose are stimulated by particular chemicals in gaseous form
  • oedipus  (Greek mythology) a tragic king of Thebes who unknowingly killed his father Laius and married his mother Jocasta; the subject of the drama `Oedipus Rex' by Sophocles
  • offending  offending against or breaking a law or rule
  • older  old in experience;  advanced in years; (`aged' is pronounced as two syllables);  used of the older of two persons of the same name especially used to distinguish a father from his son
  • on  in operation or operational;  (of events) planned or scheduled;  adv. indicates continuity or persistence or concentration; in a state required for something to function or be effective;  with a forward motion
  • oncology  the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of tumors
  • one  indefinite in time or position;  being a single entity made by combining separate components;  used informally as an intensifier; of the same kind or quality;  used of a single unit or thing; not two or more;  having the indivisible character of a unit;  eminent beyond or above comparison; a single person or thing;  the smallest whole number or a numeral representing this number
  • only  exclusive of anyone or anything else;  being the only one; single and isolated from others;  adv. with nevertheless the final result;  in the final outcome;  as recently as;  except that;  never except when;  and nothing more;  without any others being included or involved
  • onset  the beginning or early stages;  (military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons)
  • operant  having influence or producing an effect
  • operant conditioning  conditioning in which an operant response is brought under stimulus control by virtue of presenting reinforcement contingent upon the occurrence of the operant response
  • operational  being in effect or operation;  of or intended for or involved in military operations;  pertaining to a process or series of actions for achieving a result;  fit or ready for use or service
  • opiate  a narcotic drug that contains opium or an opium derivative
  • opium  an addictive narcotic extracted from seed capsules of the opium poppy
  • or  a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations;  a state in northwestern United States on the Pacific
  • oral  a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated in the mouth; fixation at this stage is said to result in dependence, selfishness, and aggression;  of or involving the mouth or mouth region or the surface on which the mouth is located;  using speech rather than writing;  of or relating to or affecting or for use in the mouth; an examination conducted by word of mouth
  • oral phase  (psychoanalysis) the first sexual and social stage of an infant's development; the mouth is the focus of the libido and satisfaction comes from suckling and chewing and biting
  • order  the act of putting things in a sequential arrangement; (architecture) one of original three styles of Greek architecture distinguished by the type of column and entablature used or a style developed from the original three by the Romans;  a degree in a continuum of size or quantity;  a commercial document used to request someone to supply something in return for payment and providing specifications and quantities;  a body of rules followed by an assembly;  (often plural) a command given by a superior (e.g., a military or law enforcement officer) that must be obeyed;  a request for food or refreshment (as served in a restaurant or bar etc.); (biology) taxonomic group containing one or more families;  a group of person living under a religious rule;  established customary state (especially of society);  a legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge);  a formal association of people with similar interests;  logical or comprehensible arrangement of separate elements;  (usually plural) the status or rank or office of a Christian clergyman in an ecclesiastical hierarchy;  a condition of regular or proper arrangement;  verb place in a certain order;  bring order to or into; make a request for something;  give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority;  issue commands or orders for;  assign a rank or rating to;  arrange thoughts, ideas, temporal events;  appoint to a clerical posts;  bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage; impose regulations
  • organ  wind instrument whose sound is produced by means of pipes arranged in sets supplied with air from a bellows and controlled from a large complex musical keyboard;  a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function;  a periodical that is published by a special interest group;  a government agency or instrument devoted to the performance of some specific function; (music) an electronic simulation of a pipe organ;  a free reed instrument in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows
  • organic  involving or affecting physiology or bodily organs; simple and healthful and close to nature;  relating or belonging to the class of chemical compounds having a carbon basis;  being or relating to or derived from or having properties characteristic of living organisms;  of or relating to foodstuff grown or raised without synthetic fertilizers or pesticides or hormones;  of or relating to or derived from living organisms;  constitutional in the structure of something (especially your physical makeup); a fertilizer that is derived from animal or vegetable matter
  • organization  the activity or result of distributing or disposing persons or things properly or methodically;  the act of organizing a business or an activity related to a business;  an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized;  a group of people who work together;  the act of forming something;  an organized structure for arranging or classifying;  the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
  • orgasm  the moment of most intense pleasure in sexual intercourse
  • orientation  the act of orienting;  a person's awareness of self with regard to position and time and place and personal relationships;  an integrated set of attitudes and beliefs;  position or alignment relative to points of the compass or other specific directions;  a course introducing a new situation or environment;  a predisposition in favor of something
  • oriented  adjusted or located in relation to surroundings or circumstances; sometimes used in combination
  • othello  the hero of William Shakespeare's tragedy who would not trust his wife
  • other  very unusual; different in character or quality from the normal or expected;  recently past;  not the same one or ones already mentioned or implied;  belonging to the distant past
  • otherwise  other than as supposed or expected;  adv. in other respects or ways;  in another and different manner
  • outcome  something that results;  a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon
  • outpatient  a patient who does not reside in the hospital where he is being treated
  • overview  a general summary of a subject
  • ovulation  the expulsion of an ovum from the ovary (usually midway in the menstrual cycle)
  • oxazepam  a tranquilizing drug (trade name Serax) used to treat anxiety and insomnia and alcohol withdrawal
  • oxidase  any of the enzymes that catalyze biological oxidation
  • oxide  any compound of oxygen with another element or a radical
  • p  the 16th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells; is highly reactive and occurs in several allotropic forms
  • package  a wrapped container;  a collection of things wrapped or boxed together;  (computer science) written programs or procedures or rules and associated documentation pertaining to the operation of a computer system and that are stored in read/write memory;  verb put into a box
  • pad  the foot or fleshy cushion like underside of the toes of an animal;  a usually thin flat mass of padding;  a block of absorbent material saturated with ink; used to transfer ink evenly to a rubber stamp;  the large floating leaf of an aquatic plant (as the water lily);  a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge; temporary living quarters;  a platform from which rockets or space craft are launched;  verb add padding to;  line or stuff with soft material;  add details to;  walk heavily and firmly, as when weary, or through mud
  • pain  a somatic sensation of acute discomfort;  emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid;  a bothersome annoying person;  a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder;  something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness;  verb cause emotional anguish or make miserable; cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed
  • palilalia  a pathological condition in which a word is rapidly and involuntarily repeated
  • palm  the inner surface of the hand from the wrist to the base of the fingers;  any plant of the family Palmae having an unbranched trunk crowned by large pinnate or palmate leaves;  a linear unit based on the length or width of the human hand;  an award for winning a championship or commemorating some other event;  verbtouch, lift, or hold with the hands
  • palsy  a condition marked by uncontrollable tremor;  loss of the ability to move a body part;  verb affect with palsy
  • panic  an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety;  sudden mass fear and anxiety over anticipated events;  verb cause sudden fear in or fill with sudden panic;  be overcome by a sudden fear
  • panic disorder  an anxiety disorder characterized by unpredictable panic attacks; the attacks are usually severe but brief
  • papaverine  an alkaloid medicine (trade name Kavrin) obtained from opium; used to relax smooth muscles; it is nonaddictive
  • paradoxical  seemingly contradictory but nonetheless possibly true
  • parallel  being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting;  of or relating to the simultaneous performance of multiple operations; noun something having the property of being analogous to something else;  an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator;  verb make or place parallel to something;  be parallel to; duplicate or match
  • paralysis  loss of the ability to move a body part
  • paranoia  a psychological disorder characterized by delusions of persecution or grandeur
  • paranoid  suffering from paranoia; a person afflicted with paranoia
  • paranoid schizophrenia  a form of schizophrenia characterized by delusions (of persecution or grandeur or jealousy); symptoms may include anger and anxiety and aloofness and doubts about gender identity; unlike other types of schizophrenia the patients are usually presentable and (if delusions are not acted on) may function in an apparently normal manner
  • paraphrenia  a form of schizophrenia characterized by delusions (of persecution or grandeur or jealousy); symptoms may include anger and anxiety and aloofness and doubts about gender identity; unlike other types of schizophrenia the patients are usually presentable and (if delusions are not acted on) may function in an apparently normal manner
  • parasite  an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal or plant); it obtains nourishment from the host without benefiting or killing the host;  a follower who hangs around a host (without benefit to the host) in hope of gain or advantage
  • parathyroid  any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland
  • parent  a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian;  verb bring up
  • parental  relating to or characteristic of or befitting a parent; designating the generation of organisms from which hybrid offspring are produced
  • parietal  of or relating to or associated with the parietal bones in the cranium
  • parkinson  British historian noted for ridicule of bureaucracies (1909 1993);  English surgeon (1755 1824)
  • parkinsonism  a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
  • parsi  a member of a monotheistic sect of Zoroastrian origin; descended from the Persians; now found in western India
  • partial  being or affecting only a part; not total;  showing favoritism;  (followed by `of' or `to') having a strong preference or liking for; a harmonic with a frequency that is a multiple of the fundamental frequency;  the derivative of a function of two or more variables with respect to a single variable while the other variables are considered to be constant
  • partner  a person who is a member of a partnership;  an associate who works with others toward a common goal;  a person's partner in marriage;  verb provide with a partner;  act as a partner
  • passage  the act of passing from one state or place to the next;  a journey usually by ship;  the act of passing something to another person;  a bodily reaction of changing from one place or stage to another;  a way through or along which someone or something may pass;  a path or channel or duct through or along which something may pass;  a section of text; particularly a section of medium length;  a short section of a musical composition;  the passing of a law by a legislative body;  the motion of one object relative to another
  • passivity  the trait of remaining inactive; a lack of initiative; submission to others or to outside influences
  • past  of a person who has held and relinquished a position or office;  earlier than the present time; no longer current;  a verb tense or other construction referring to events or states that existed at some previous time;  adv. so as to pass a given point; a verb tense that expresses actions or states in the past;  the time that has elapsed;  a earlier period in someone's life (especially one that they have reason to keep secret)
  • pathological  caused by or evidencing a mentally disturbed condition;  of or relating to the practice of pathology;  caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology
  • pathology  the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases;  any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
  • patient  enduring without protest or complaint;  enduring trying circumstances with even temper or characterized by such endurance; a person who requires medical care;  the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • patient role  the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • pcp  a drug used as an anesthetic by veterinarians; illicitly taken (originally in the form of powder or `dust') for its effects as a hallucinogen
  • pd  a silver white metallic element of the platinum group that resembles platinum; occurs in some copper and nickel ores; does not tarnish at ordinary temperatures and is used (alloyed with gold) in jewelry
  • pecs  either of two large muscles of the chest
  • pediatric  of or relating to the medical care of children
  • pedigree  having a list of ancestors as proof of being a purebred animal; ancestry of a purebred animal;  line of descent of a purebred animal;  the descendants of one individual
  • penis  the male organ of copulation (`member' is a euphemism)
  • pentothal  barbiturate that is a hygroscopic powder (trade name Pentothal) that is a strong barbiturate that acts rapidly; induces a relaxed state when injected as a general anesthetic
  • people  (plural) any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively;  members of a family line;  the body of citizens of a state or country;  the common people generally;  verb fill with people or supply with inhabitants;  furnish with people
  • peptic  relating to or promoting digestion
  • perception  the process of perceiving;  knowledge gained by perceiving;  a way of conceiving something;  becoming aware of something via the senses;  the representation of what is perceived; basic component in the formation of a concept
  • perforation  the act of punching a hole (especially a row of holes as for ease of separation);  a line of small holes for tearing at a particular place;  a hole made in something
  • performance  any recognized accomplishment;  the act of performing; of doing something successfully; using knowledge as distinguished from merely possessing it;  the act of presenting a play or a piece of music or other entertainment;  a dramatic or musical entertainment;  process or manner of functioning or operating
  • perinatal  occurring during the period around birth (5 months before and 1 month after)
  • periodic  recurring or reappearing from time to time;  happening or recurring at regular intervals;  recurring at regular intervals
  • peripheral  on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary; the outer area;  related to the key issue but not of central importance; (computer science) electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer
  • pernicious  working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way;  exceedingly harmful
  • perplexity  trouble or confusion resulting from complexity
  • persecution  the act of persecuting (especially on the basis of race or religion)
  • perseveration  the tendency for a memory or idea to persist or recur without any apparent stimulus for it;  the act of persisting or persevering; continuing or repeating behavior
  • persistence  the act of persisting or persevering; continuing or repeating behavior;  persistent determination;  the property of a continuous and connected period of time
  • persistent  never ceasing;  retained; not shed;  continually recurring to the mind
  • persisting  relentless and indefatigable in pursuit or as if in pursuit
  • person  a human being;  a human body (usually including the clothing);  a grammatical category of pronouns and verb forms
  • personal  particular to a given individual;  concerning or affecting a particular person or his or her private life and personality; intimately concerning a person's body or physical being;  indicating grammatical person;  of or arising from personality; a short newspaper article about a particular person or group
  • personal identity  the distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entity
  • personality  the complex of all the attributes behavioral, temperamental, emotional and mental that characterize a unique individual;  a person of considerable prominence
  • perspective  the appearance of things relative to one another as determined by their distance from the viewer;  a way of regarding situations or topics etc.
  • pet  preferred above all others and treated with partiality;  nouna domesticated animal kept for companionship or amusement;  a fit of petulance or sulkiness (especially at what is felt to be a slight); using a computerized radiographic technique to examine the metabolic activity in various tissues (especially in the brain);  a special loved one;  verb stroke or caress in an erotic manner, as during lovemaking;  stroke or caress gently
  • phallic  resembling or being a phallus;  relating to a phallus especially as an embodiment of generative power
  • phallic phase  (psychoanalysis) the third stage in a child's development when awareness of and manipulation of the genitals is supposed to be a primary source of pleasure
  • pharmacokinetics  the study of the action of drugs in the body: method and rate of excretion; duration of effect; etc.
  • pharmacology  the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
  • phase  (astronomy) the particular appearance of a body's state of illumination (especially one of the recurring shapes of the part of Earth's moon that is illuminated by the sun);  (physical chemistry) a distinct state of matter in a system; matter that is identical in chemical composition and physical state and separated from other material by the phase boundary;  a particular point in the time of a cycle; measured from some arbitrary zero and expressed as an angle;  any distinct time period in a sequence of events;  verbadjust so as to be in a synchronized condition;  arrange in phases or stages
  • phencyclidine  a drug used as an anesthetic by veterinarians; illicitly taken (originally in the form of powder or `dust') for its effects as a hallucinogen
  • phenelzine  monoamine oxidase inhibitor (trade name Nardil) used to treat clinical depression
  • phenomenology  a philosophical doctrine proposed by Edmund Husserl based on the study of human experience in which considerations of objective reality are not taken into account
  • phenomenon  any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning;  a remarkable development
  • phenylalanine  an essential amino acid found in proteins and needed for growth of children and for protein metabolism in children and adults; abundant in milk and eggs; it is normally converted to tyrosine in the human body
  • phenylketonuria  a genetic disorder of metabolism; lack of the enzyme needed to turn phenylalanine into tyrosine results in an accumulation of phenylalanine in the body fluids which causes various degrees of mental deficiency
  • phobia  an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations
  • phobic  suffering from irrational fears
  • phonic  relating to speech;  pertaining to the phonic method of teaching reading;  of or relating to speech sounds
  • photon  a quantum of electromagnetic radiation; an elementary particle that is its own antiparticle
  • phototherapy  the use of strong light to treat acne or hyperbilirubinemia of the newborn
  • phylogenetic  of or relating to the evolutionary development of organisms
  • physical  having substance or material existence; perceptible to the senses;  concerned with material things;  characterized by energetic bodily activity;  according with material things or natural laws (other than those peculiar to living matter);  involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit;  relating to the sciences dealing with matter and energy; especially physics;  impelled by physical force especially against resistance
  • physiologic  of or consistent with an organism's normal functioning
  • physiological  of or relating to the biological study of physiology;  of or consistent with an organism's normal functioning
  • physiology  processes and functions of an organism;  the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
  • physostigmine  used in treatment of Alzheimer's disease and glaucoma
  • piaget  Swiss psychologist remembered for his studies of cognitive development in children (1896 1980)
  • pica  magpies;  eating earth or clay or chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes or sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency;  a linear unit (1/6 inch) used in printing
  • pick  a basketball maneuver; obstructing an opponent with one's body;  a heavy iron tool with a wooden handle and a curved head that is pointed on both ends;  a thin sharp implement used for removing unwanted material;  a small thin device (of metal or plastic or ivory) used to pluck a stringed instrument;  the act of choosing or selecting;  the yarn woven across the warp yarn in weaving;  the person or thing chosen or selected;  the best people or things in a group;  the quantity of a crop that is harvested;  verb remove in small bits;  select carefully from a group;  look for and gather;  attack with or as if with a pickaxe of ice or rocky ground, for example;  provoke; pilfer or rob;  remove unwanted substances from, such as feathers or pits;  harass with constant criticism;  eat intermittently; take small bites of;  hit lightly with a picking motion;  pull lightly but sharply with a plucking motion;  pay for something
  • picky  exacting especially about details
  • picture  a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or abstraction) produced on a surface;  a typical example of some state or quality;  illustrations used to decorate or explain a text; a situation treated as an observable object;  graphic art consisting of an artistic composition made by applying paints to a surface;  a clear and telling mental image;  the visible part of a television transmission;  a form of entertainment that enacts a story by a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement;  a graphic or vivid verbal description;  verb show in, or as in, a picture; imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind
  • pilot  someone who is licensed to operate an aircraft in flight; a person qualified to guide ships through difficult waters going into or out of a harbor;  an inclined metal frame at the front of a locomotive to clear the track;  small auxiliary gas burner that provides a flame to ignite a larger gas burner;  an original model on which something is patterned;  a program exemplifying a contemplated series; intended to attract sponsors;  verb act as the navigator in a car, plane, or vessel and plan, direct, plot the path and position of the conveyance; fly a plane
  • pimozide  the most commonly used diphenylbutyl piperidine
  • pindolol  an oral beta blocker (trade name Visken) used in treating hypertension
  • pku  a genetic disorder of metabolism; lack of the enzyme needed to turn phenylalanine into tyrosine results in an accumulation of phenylalanine in the body fluids which causes various degrees of mental deficiency
  • placement  contact established between applicants and prospective employees;  the act of putting something in a certain place;  the spatial property of the way in which something is placed
  • placental  pertaining to or having or occurring by means of a placenta; mammals having a placenta; all mammals except monotremes and marsupials
  • plan  scale drawing of a structure;  a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished;  an arrangement scheme; verb make plans for something;  have the will and intention to carry out some action;  make or work out a plan for; devise;  make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form
  • planning  the act or process of drawing up plans or layouts for some project or enterprise;  an act of formulating a program for a definite course of action;  the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening
  • plasma  colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing no cells and in which erythrocytes and leukocytes and platelets are suspended;  (physical chemistry) a fourth state of matter distinct from solid or liquid or gas and present in stars and fusion reactors; a gas becomes a plasma when it is heated until the atoms lose all their electrons, leaving a highly electrified collection of nuclei and free electrons;  a green slightly translucent variety of chalcedony used as a gemstone
  • pleasure  sexual gratification;  an activity that affords enjoyment;  a formal expression;  a fundamental feeling that is hard to define but that people desire to experience;  something or someone that provides pleasure; a source of happiness
  • pleasure principle  (psychoanalysis) the governing principle of the id; the principle that an infant seeks gratification and fails to distinguish fantasy from reality
  • pms  a syndrome that occurs in many women from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation
  • polarization  the phenomenon in which waves of light or other radiation are restricted in direction of vibration;  the condition of having or giving polarity
  • policy  a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group;  written contract or certificate of insurance;  a line of argument rationalizing the course of action of a government
  • polymorphic  having or occurring in several distinct forms; relating to the occurrence of more than one kind of individual (independent of sexual differences) in an interbreeding population; relating to the crystallization of a compound in two or more different forms
  • polymorphism  (biology) the existence of two or more forms of individuals within the same animal species (independent of sex differences);  (chemistry) the existence of different kinds of crystal of the same chemical compound
  • polyuria  renal disorder characterized by the production of large volumes of pale dilute urine; often associated with diabetes
  • poor  unsatisfactory;  having little money or few possessions; lacking in specific resources, qualities or substances;  characterized by or indicating poverty;  deserving or inciting pity;  not sufficient to meet a need; people without possessions or wealth (considered as a group)
  • positive  formally laid down or imposed;  characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance or certainty etc.;  greater than zero;  reckoned, situated or tending in the direction which naturally or arbitrarily is taken to indicate increase or progress or onward motion; indicating existence or presence of a suspected condition or pathogen;  having a positive electric charge;  involving advantage or good;  persuaded of; very sure;  marked by excessive confidence; impossible to deny or disprove;  of or relating to positivism; a film showing a photographic image whose tones correspond to those of the original subject
  • positron  an elementary particle with positive charge; interaction of a positron and an electron results in annihilation
  • positron emission tomography  using a computerized radiographic technique to examine the metabolic activity in various tissues (especially in the brain)
  • possession  anything owned or possessed;  the act of having and controlling property;  (sport) the act of controlling the ball (or puck);  a territory that is controlled by a ruling state;  being controlled by passion or the supernatural;  the trait of resolutely controlling your own behavior;  a mania restricted to one thing or idea
  • post  the delivery and collection of letters and packages;  an upright consisting of a piece of timber or metal fixed firmly in an upright position;  a pole or stake set up to mark something (as the start or end of a race track);  the position where someone (as a guard or sentry) stands or is assigned to stand;  United States manufacturer of breakfast cereals and Postum (1854 1914);  United States female author who wrote a book and a syndicated newspaper column on etiquette (1872 1960);  United States aviator who in 1933 made the first solo flight around the world (1899 1935);  a job in an organization;  military installation at which a body of troops is stationed;  the system whereby messages are transmitted via the post office;  any particular collection of letters or packages that is delivered;  verb publicize with, or as if with, a poster;  display, as of records in sports games;  mark or expose as infamous;  put up;  affix in a public place or for public notice;  ride Western style and bob up and down in the saddle in rhythm with a horse's trotting gait;  transfer (entries) from one account book to another;  assign to a post; put into a post;  enter on a public list;  cause to be directed or transmitted to another place;  assign to a station;  mark with a stake
  • posttraumatic stress disorder  an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images
  • postural  of or relating to or involving posture
  • potent  having a strong physiological or chemical effect;  (of a male) capable of copulation;  having or wielding force or authority; having great influence
  • poverty  the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions
  • power  possession of controlling influence;  one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority;  (physics) the rate of doing work; measured in watts (= joules/second);  physical strength; possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  a state powerful enough to influence events throughout the world;  a very wealthy or powerful businessman;  (of a government or government official) holding an office means being in power;  verbsupply the force or power for the functioning of
  • practice  a customary way of operation or behavior; translating an idea into action;  the exercise of a profession; knowledge of how something is usually done;  systematic training by multiple repetitions;  verb avail oneself to;  carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions;  learn by repetition;  engage in a rehearsal (of)
  • precursor  a person who goes before or announces the coming of another;  a substance from which another substance is formed (especially by a metabolic reaction);  an indication of the approach of something or someone
  • predisposition  a disposition in advance to react in a particular way;  an inclination beforehand to interpret statements in a particular way;  susceptibility to a pathogen
  • preference  grant of favor or advantage to one over another (especially to a country or countries in matters of international trade, such as levying duties);  the right or chance to choose;  a strong liking;  a predisposition in favor of something
  • pregnancy  the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
  • premature  uncommonly early or before the expected time; born after a gestation period of less than the normal time;  too soon or too hasty
  • premature ejaculation  ejaculation during the early stages of sexual excitement or soon after the insertion of the penis into the vagina
  • premenstrual  of or relating to or occurring during the period just before menstruation
  • premenstrual syndrome  a syndrome that occurs in many women from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation
  • preoccupation  the mental state of being preoccupied by something;  an idea that preoccupies the mind and holds the attention;  the act of taking occupancy before someone else does
  • preparedness  the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action (especially military action)
  • prescription  available only with a doctor's written prescription; noun written instructions from a physician or dentist to a druggist concerning the form and dosage of a drug to be issued to a given patient;  written instructions for an optician on the lenses for a given person;  directions prescribed beforehand; the action of prescribing authoritative rules or directions;  a drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist
  • present  temporal sense; intermediate between past and future; now existing or happening or in consideration;  spatial sense; being or existing in a specified place; a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking;  something presented as a gift;  the period of time that is happening now; any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech;  verbbring forward and present to the mind;  formally present a debutante, a representative of a country, etc.;  hand over formally;  introduce; recognize with a gesture prescribed by a military regulation; assume a prescribed position;  cause to come to know personally;  deliver (a speech, oration, or idea);  present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize;  represent in a painting, drawing, sculpture, or verbally;  perform (a play), especially on a stage;  show or demonstrate something to an interested audience;  give as a present; make a gift of;  give, especially as an honor or reward
  • presentation  a show or display; the act of presenting something to sight or view;  the activity of formally presenting something (as a prize or reward);  (obstetrics) position of the fetus in the uterus relative to the birth canal;  the act of making something publicly available; presenting news or other information by broadcasting or printing it;  the act of presenting a proposal;  formally making a person known to another or to the public;  a visual representation of something
  • preservation  the activity of protecting something from loss or danger;  a process that saves organic substances from decay;  the condition of being (well or ill) preserved;  an occurrence of improvement by virtue of preventing loss or injury or other change
  • pressure  a force that compels;  the somatic sensation that results from applying force to an area of skin;  the force applied to a unit area of surface; measured in pascals (SI unit) or in dynes (cgs unit);  an oppressive condition of physical or mental or social or economic distress;  the act of pressing; the exertion of pressure;  the state of demanding notice or attention;  verb to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city";  exert pressure on someone through threats
  • prevalence  the quality of prevailing generally; being widespread;  (epidemiology) the ratio (for a given time period) of the number of occurrences of a disease or event to the number of units at risk in the population;  a superiority in numbers or amount
  • primary  not derived from or reducible to something else; basic;  of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondhand;  of primary importance;  most important element;  of or being the essential or basic part; a preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen;  one of the main flight feathers projecting along the outer edge of a bird's wing;  coil forming the part of an electrical circuit such that changing current in it induces a current in a neighboring circuit
  • priming  the act of making something ready;  the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface;  any igniter that is used to initiate the burning of a propellant
  • principle  a basic truth or law or assumption;  a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system;  a basic generalization that is accepted as true and that can be used as a basis for reasoning or conduct;  a rule or standard especially of good behavior;  rule of personal conduct;  (law) an explanation of the fundamental reasons (especially an explanation of the working of some device in terms of laws of nature)
  • prisoner  a person who is confined; especially a prisoner of war
  • privacy  the quality of being secluded from the presence or view of others;  the condition of being concealed or hidden
  • private  concerning things deeply private and personal; confined to particular persons or groups or providing privacy;  not expressed;  concerning one person exclusively; an enlisted man of the lowest rank
  • privilege  a special advantage or immunity or benefit not enjoyed by all;  (law) the right to refuse to divulge information obtained in a confidential relationship;  a right reserved exclusively by a particular person or group (especially a hereditary or official right);  verb bestow a privilege upon
  • problem  a question raised for consideration or solution;  a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved;  a source of difficulty
  • problem solving  the thought processes involved in solving a problem;  the area of cognitive psychology that studies the processes involved in solving problems
  • problematic  making great mental demands; hard to comprehend or solve or believe;  open to doubt or debate
  • procedure  a mode of conducting legal and parliamentary proceedings;  a particular course of action intended to achieve a result;  a process or series of acts especially of a practical or mechanical nature involved in a particular form of work;  a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program
  • process  a sustained phenomenon or one marked by gradual changes through a series of states;  a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant; (psychology) the performance of some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents;  a mental process that you are not directly aware of;  a particular course of action intended to achieve a result;  a writ issued by authority of law; usually compels the defendant's attendance in a civil suit; failure to appear results in a default judgment against the defendant;  verb subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition;  perform mathematical and logical operations on (data) according to programmed instructions in order to obtain the required information;  deal with in a routine way;  deliver a warrant or summons to someone;  shape, form, or improve a material;  march in a procession;  institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against
  • processing  preparing or putting through a prescribed procedure
  • prochlorperazine  antipsychotic and antiemetic drug used to treat schizophrenia and to combat nausea and vomiting
  • prodromal  symptomatic of the onset of an attack or a disease
  • professional  engaged in a profession or engaging in as a profession or means of livelihood;  characteristic of or befitting a profession or one engaged in a profession;  engaged in by members of a profession;  of or relating to a profession;  of or relating to or suitable as a profession; a person engaged in one of the learned professions;  an athlete who plays for pay;  an authority qualified to teach apprentices
  • progesterone  a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo Lutin) produced in the ovary; prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy
  • prognosis  a prediction of the course of a disease;  a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
  • prognostic  of or relating to prediction; having value for making predictions; a sign of something about to happen
  • program  a performance (or series of performances) at a public presentation;  a system of projects or services intended to meet a public need;  (computer science) a sequence of instructions that a computer can interpret and execute;  an announcement of the events that will occur as part of a theatrical or sporting event;  a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished;  a document stating the aims and principles of a political party;  a radio or television show;  an integrated course of academic studies;  verbarrange a program of or for;  write a computer program
  • programme  a performance (or series of performances) at a public presentation;  a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished;  a system of projects or services intended to meet a public need;  (computer science) a sequence of instructions that a computer can interpret and execute;  a radio or television show;  an integrated course of academic studies;  an announcement of the events that will occur as part of a theatrical or sporting event;  verbarrange a program of or for;  write a computer program
  • progression  a series with a definite pattern of advance;  the act of moving forward toward a goal;  a movement forward
  • progressive  advancing in severity;  favoring or promoting reform (often by government action);  favoring or promoting progress;  (of taxes) adjusted so that the rate increases as the amount of income increases;  gradually advancing in extent; a tense of verbs used in describing action that is on going;  a person who favors a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties
  • project  a planned undertaking;  any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted;  verb present for consideration;  regard as objective;  communicate vividly;  transfer (ideas or principles) from one domain into another;  throw, send, or cast forward;  put or send forth;  draw a projection of;  project on a screen;  cause to be heard; imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind;  make or work out a plan for; devise;  extend out or project in space
  • projection  any structure that branches out from a central support;  the representation of a figure or solid on a plane as it would look from a particular direction;  a prediction made by extrapolating from past observations;  the projection of an image from a film onto a screen;  the acoustic phenomenon that gives sound a penetrating quality;  (psychiatry) a defense mechanism by which your own traits and emotions are attributed to someone else;  any solid convex shape that juts out from something;  the act of expelling or projecting or ejecting;  the act of projecting out from something;  a planned undertaking
  • promethazine  antihistamine (trade name Phenergan) used to treat allergies; also an antiemetic used to treat motion sickness
  • promotion  act of raising in rank or position;  a message issued in behalf of some product or cause or idea or person or institution;  encouragement of the progress or growth or acceptance of something;  the advancement of some enterprise
  • proof  (used in combination or as a suffix) able to withstand; noun a trial photographic print from a negative;  any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of something;  (printing) an impression made to check for errors;  a formal series of statements showing that if one thing is true something else necessarily follows from it;  a measure of alcoholic strength expressed as an integer twice the percentage of alcohol present (by volume);  the act of validating; finding or testing the truth of something;  verb make resistant (to harm);  activate by mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk;  knead to reach proper lightness;  make or take a proof of, such as a photographic negative, an etching, or typeset;  read for errors
  • property  any movable articles or objects used on the set of a play or movie;  a basic or essential attribute shared by all members of a class;  a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished;  something owned; any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone;  any area set aside for a particular purpose
  • prospective  anticipated for the near future;  concerned with or related to the future
  • protect   verb shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage; use tariffs to favor domestic industry
  • protection  payment extorted by gangsters on threat of violence;  the activity of protecting someone or something;  the imposition of duties or quotas on imports in order to protect domestic industry against foreign competition;  the condition of being protected;  kindly endorsement and guidance;  a covering that is intend to protect from damage or injury;  defense against financial failure; financial independence
  • protective  (usually followed by `of') solicitously caring or mindful;  intended or adapted to afford protection of some kind; showing a care
  • protein  any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes
  • protracted  relatively long in duration; tediously protracted
  • proverb  a condensed but memorable saying embodying some important fact of experience that is taken as true by many people
  • provision  the activity of supplying or providing something;  a stipulated condition;  a store or supply of something (especially of food or clothing or arms);  the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening;  verb supply with provisions
  • proxy  a power of attorney document given by shareholders of a corporation authorizing a specific vote on their behalf at a corporate meeting;  a person authorized to act for another
  • psilocybin  a hallucinogenic compound obtained from a mushroom
  • psychiatric  relating to or used in or engaged in the practice of psychiatry
  • psychiatry  the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
  • psychic  outside the sphere of physical science;  affecting or influenced by the human mind; a person apparently sensitive to things beyond the natural range of perception
  • psychoactive  affecting the mind or mood or other mental processes
  • psychoanalysis  a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
  • psychoanalytic  of or relating to or incorporating the methods and theory of psychiatric treatment originated by Sigmund Freud
  • psychoanalytical  of or relating to or incorporating the methods and theory of psychiatric treatment originated by Sigmund Freud
  • psychogenic  mental or emotional rather than physiological in origin;  of or relating to the psychological cause of a disorder
  • psychological  mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature;  of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • psychomotor  of or relating to or characterizing mental events that have motor consequences or vice versa
  • psychopath  someone with a sociopathic personality; a person with an antisocial personality disorder (`psychopath' was once widely used but has now been superseded by `sociopath')
  • psychopathology  the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders;  the branch of psychology concerned with abnormal behavior
  • psychosexual  of or relating to the mental or emotional attitudes about sexuality
  • psychosexual development  (psychoanalysis) the process during which personality and sexual behavior mature through a series of stages: first oral stage and then anal stage and then phallic stage and then latency stage and finally genital stage
  • psychosis  any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
  • psychosomatic  used of illness or symptoms resulting from neurosis
  • psychosurgery  brain surgery on human patients intended to relieve severe and otherwise intractable mental or behavioral problems
  • psychotherapeutic  of or relating to or practicing psychotherapy;  emotionally purging
  • psychotherapy  the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means;  the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  • psychotic  characteristic of or suffering from psychosis; a person afflicted with psychosis
  • psychotropic  affecting the mind or mood or other mental processes
  • ptsd  an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images
  • pulling  the act of pulling; applying force to move something toward or with you
  • pulmonary  relating to or affecting the lungs
  • pulse  the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart;  edible seeds of various pod bearing plants (peas or beans or lentils etc.);  the rate at which the heart beats; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health;  (electronics) a sharp transient wave in the normal electrical state (or a series of such transients);  verb produce or modulate (as electromagnetic waves) in the form of short bursts or pulses or cause an apparatus to produce pulses;  drive by or as if by pulsation; expand and contract rhythmically; beat rhythmically
  • puncture  the act of puncturing or perforating;  a small hole made by a sharp object;  loss of air pressure in a tire when a hole is made by some sharp object;  verb be pierced or punctured;  cause to lose air pressure or collapse by piercing;  pierce with a pointed object; make a hole into;  make by piercing;  reduce or lessen the size or importance of
  • pyridoxine  a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch
  • pyromania  an uncontrollable desire to set fire to things
  • q  the 17th letter of the Roman alphabet
  • quaalude  sedative hypnotic drug (trade name Quaalude) that is a drug of abuse
  • questioning  perplexed (as if being expected to know something that you do not know);  showing curiosity;  marked by or given to doubt; a request for information
  • questionnaire  a form containing a set of questions; submitted to people to gain statistical information
  • r  the 18th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere;  (physics) the universal constant in the gas equation: pressure times volume = R times temperature; equal to 8.3143 joules per kelvin per mole;  a unit of radiation exposure; the dose of ionizing radiation that will produce 1 electrostatic unit of electricity in 1 cc of dry air
  • race  a contest of speed;  any competition;  people who are believed to belong to the same genetic stock;  a canal for a current of water;  (biology) a taxonomic group that is a division of a species; usually arises as a consequence of geographical isolation within a species;  the flow of air that is driven backwards by an aircraft propeller;  verb compete in a race;  cause to move fast or to rush or race;  to work as fast as possible towards a goal, sometimes in competition with others;  step on it
  • ram  uncastrated adult male sheep;  a tool for driving or forcing something by impact;  the most common computer memory which can be used by programs to perform necessary tasks while the computer is on; an integrated circuit memory chip allows information to be stored or accessed in any order and all storage locations are equally accessible;  the first sign of the zodiac which the sun enters at the vernal equinox; the sun is in this sign from about March 21 to April 19;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Aries;  verb strike or drive against with a heavy impact; force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;  crowd or pack to capacity;  undergo damage or destruction on impact
  • rank  growing profusely;  very fertile; producing profuse growth; very offensive in smell or taste;  complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers; conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible; a row or line of people (especially soldiers or police) standing abreast of one another;  relative status;  the ordinary members of an organization (such as the enlisted soldiers of an army);  the body of members of an organization or group;  position in a social hierarchy;  verb take or have a position relative to others;  take precedence or surpass others in rank;  assign a rank or rating to
  • rape  the crime of forcing a woman to submit to sexual intercourse against her will;  the act of despoiling a country in warfare;  Eurasian plant cultivated for its seed and as a forage crop; verb destroy and strip of its possession;  force (someone) to have sex against their will
  • rapid  done or occurring in a brief period of time;  characterized by speed; moving with or capable of moving with high speed; a part of a river where the current is very fast
  • rapid eye movement  a recurring sleep state during which dreaming occurs; a state of rapidly shifting eye movements during sleep
  • rapport  a relationship of mutual understanding or trust and agreement between people
  • rate  amount of a charge or payment relative to some basis;  a quantity or amount or measure considered as a proportion of another quantity or amount or measure;  a magnitude or frequency relative to a time unit;  the relative speed of progress or change;  verbassign a rank or rating to;  estimate the value of;  be worthy of or have a certain rating
  • rates  a local tax on property (usually used in the plural)
  • rating  standing or position on a scale;  act of ascertaining or fixing the value or worth of;  an appraisal of the value of something; rank in a military organization
  • reaction  doing something in opposition to another way of doing it that you don't like;  a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some foregoing stimulus or agent;  an idea evoked by some experience;  extreme conservatism in political or social matters;  a response that reveals a person's feelings or attitude;  (mechanics) the equal and opposite force that is produced when any force is applied to a body;  (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others
  • reaction formation  (psychiatry) a defense mechanism in which a person unconsciously develops attitudes and behavior that are the opposite of unacceptable repressed desires and impulses and serve to conceal them
  • reactive  participating readily in reactions;  tending to react to a stimulus
  • reading  the act of measuring with meters or similar instruments;  the cognitive process of understanding a written linguistic message;  a datum about some physical state that is presented to a user by a meter or similar instrument;  written material intended to be read;  a particular interpretation or performance;  a city on the River Thames in Berkshire in southern England;  a mental representation of the meaning or significance of something;  a public instance of reciting or repeating (from memory) something prepared in advance
  • real life  the practical world as opposed to the academic world
  • reality  the quality possessed by something that is real;  the state of being actual or real;  the state of the world as it really is rather than as you might want it to be;  all of your experiences that determine how things appear to you
  • reality principle  (psychoanalysis) the governing principle of the ego; the principle that as a child grows it becomes aware of the real environment and the need to accommodate to it
  • reasoned  logically valid;  resulting from careful thought
  • reasoning  endowed with the capacity to reason; thinking that is coherent and logical
  • recall  the act of removing an official by petition;  the process of remembering (especially the process of recovering information by mental effort);  a bugle call that signals troops to return;  a call to return;  a request by the manufacturer of a defective product to return the product (as for replacement or repair);  verb cause one's (or someone else's) thoughts or attention to return from a reverie or digression;  summon to return;  cause to be returned;  make unavailable; bar from sale or distribution;  recall knowledge from memory; have a recollection;  go back to something earlier;  call to mind
  • recent  near to or not long before the present;  being new in a time not long past;  of the immediate past or just previous to the present time; approximately the last 10,000 years
  • reception  the act of receiving;  (American football) the act of catching a pass in football;  quality or fidelity of a received broadcast; the manner in which something is greeted;  a formal party of people; as after a wedding
  • receptive  able to absorb liquid (not repellent);  open to arguments, ideas, or change;  ready or willing to receive favorably;  of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system
  • receptor  a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response;  an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
  • reciprocity  mutual exchange of commercial or other privileges;  a relation of mutual dependence or action or influence
  • recognition  designation by the chair granting a person the right to speak in a deliberative body;  the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering;  an acceptance (as of a claim) as true and valid;  approval;  the explicit and formal acknowledgement of a government or of the national independence of a country;  (biology) the ability of one molecule to attach to another molecule that has a complementary shape;  the state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged;  coming to understand something clearly and distinctly
  • recording  the act of making a record (especially an audio record);  signal encoding something (e.g., picture or sound) that has been recorded;  a storage device on which information (sounds or images) have been recorded
  • recovery  the act of regaining or saving something lost (or in danger of becoming lost);  return to an original state;  gradual healing (through rest) after sickness or injury
  • rectal  of or involving the rectum
  • recurrence  happening again (especially at regular intervals)
  • reduction  the act of reducing complexity;  any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent;  the act of decreasing or reducing something
  • reference  the act of referring or consulting;  the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to;  the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to;  a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to;  a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts;  a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability;  a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage;  a remark that calls attention to something or someone;  an indicator that orients you generally;  verb refer to
  • refractory  temporarily unresponsive or not fully responsive to nervous or sexual stimuli;  not responding to treatment;  stubbornly resistant to authority or control; lining consisting of material with a high melting point; used to line the inside walls of a furnace
  • refusal  a message refusing to accept something that is offered;  the act of refusing
  • regional  related or limited to a particular region;  characteristic of a region
  • regression  returning to a former state;  the relation between selected values of x and observed values of y (from which the most probable value of y can be predicted for any value of x);  (psychiatry) a defense mechanism in which you flee from reality by assuming a more infantile state;  an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
  • regulation  prescribed by or according to regulation; the act of controlling or directing according to rule;  the act of bringing to uniformity; making regular;  an authoritative rule;  (embryology) the ability of an early embryo to continue normal development after its structure has been somehow damaged or altered;  the state of being controlled or governed;  a principle or condition that customarily governs behavior
  • regulatory  restricting according to rules or principles
  • regurgitation  recall after rote memorization;  backflow of blood through a defective heart valve;  the reflex act of ejecting the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • rehabilitation  the restoration of someone to a useful place in society;  the treatment of physical disabilities by massage and electrotherapy and exercises;  vindication of a person's character and the re establishment of that person's reputation;  the conversion of wasteland into land suitable for use of habitation or cultivation
  • rehearsal  (psychology) a form of practice; repetition of information (silently or aloud) in order to keep it in short term memory;  a practice session in preparation for a public performance (as of a play or speech or concert)
  • reinforcement  information that makes more forcible or convincing;  a military operation (often involving new supplies of men and materiel) to strengthen a military force or aid in the performance of its mission;  an act performed to strengthen approved behavior;  a device designed to provide additional strength;  (psychology) a stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that produced it
  • reinstatement  the act of restoring someone to a previous position;  the condition of being reinstated
  • rejection  the act of rejecting something;  the speech act of rejecting;  (medicine) an immunological response that refuses to accept substances or organisms that are recognized as foreign;  the state of being rejected
  • relapse  a failure to maintain a higher state;  verb go back to bad behavior;  deteriorate in health
  • related  connected by kinship, common origin, or marriage; being connected either logically or causally or by shared characteristics;  having close kinship and appropriateness;  similar or related in quality or character
  • relations  mutual dealings or connections or communications among persons or groups
  • relationship  a relation between people; (`relationship' is often used where `relation' would serve, as in `the relationship between inflation and unemployment', but the preferred usage of `relationship' is for human relations or states of relatedness);  a state of connectedness between people (especially an emotional connection);  a state involving mutual dealings between people or parties or countries;  (anthropology) relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption
  • relaxation  a method of solving simultaneous equations by guessing a solution and then reducing the errors that result by successive approximations until all the errors are less than some specified amount;  an occurrence of control or strength weakening; (physics) the exponential return of a system to equilibrium after a disturbance;  (physiology) the gradual lengthening of inactive muscle or muscle fibers;  the act of making less strict;  freedom from activity (work or strain or responsibility);  a feeling of refreshing tranquility and an absence of tension or worry
  • release  (music) the act or manner of terminating a musical phrase or tone;  a formal written statement of relinquishment;  activity that frees or expresses creative energy or emotion;  merchandise issued for sale or public showing (especially a record or film);  a device that when pressed will release part of a mechanism;  a process that liberates or discharges something;  the act of liberating someone or something;  the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart);  the act of allowing a fluid to escape;  a legal document evidencing the discharge of a debt or obligation;  an announcement distributed to members of the press in order to supplement or replace an oral presentation;  euphemistic expressions for death;  verb part with a possession or right;  generate and separate from cells or bodily fluids;  eliminate (substances) from the body;  make (assets) available;  prepare and issue for public distribution or sale;  let (something) fall or spill a container;  release, as from one's grip;  grant freedom to; free from confinement;  make (information) available publication
  • relevance  the relation of something to the matter at hand
  • religion  a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny;  an institution to express belief in a divine power
  • rem  (Roentgen Equivalent Man) the dosage of ionizing radiation that will cause the same amount of injury to human tissue as 1 roentgen of X rays;  a recurring sleep state during which dreaming occurs; a state of rapidly shifting eye movements during sleep
  • rem sleep  a recurring sleep state during which dreaming occurs; a state of rapidly shifting eye movements during sleep
  • remediation  act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil
  • remission  (law) the act of remitting (especially the referral of a law case to another court);  an abatement in intensity or degree (as in the manifestations of a disease);  the act of absolving or remitting; formal redemption as pronounced by a priest in the sacrament of penance;  a payment of money sent to a person in another place
  • remote  far apart in nature;  inaccessible and sparsely populated;  apart in space;  separate or apart in time;  very unlikely; noun a device that can be used to control a machine or apparatus from a distance
  • renal  of or relating to the kidneys
  • renal failure  inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance
  • repetitive  characterized by repetition;  persistently continual
  • replacement  the act of furnishing an equivalent person or thing in the place of another;  a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another;  an event in which one thing is substituted for another;  a person who follows next in order;  someone who takes the place of another person;  filling again by supplying what has been used up
  • report  a short account of the news;  the act of informing by verbal report;  a written document describing the findings of some individual or group;  a sharp explosive sound (especially the sound of a gun firing);  the general estimation that the public has for a person; an essay (especially one written as an assignment);  a written evaluation of a student's scholarship and deportment;  verb to give an account or representation of in words;  make known to the authorities;  complain about; make a charge against;  announce one's presence;  announce as the result of an investigation, or announce something to the proper authorities;  be responsible for reporting the details of, as in journalism
  • reporting  the news as presented by reporters for newspapers or radio or television
  • repression  the act of repressing; control by holding down; (psychiatry) the classical defense mechanism that protects you from impulses or ideas that would cause anxiety by preventing them from becoming conscious;  a state of forcible subjugation
  • research  systematic investigation to establish facts;  a search for knowledge;  verb inquire into;  attempt to find out in a systematically and scientific manner
  • resemblance  similarity in appearance or external or superficial details
  • reserpine  antihypertensive consisting of an alkaloid extracted from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina (trade names Raudixin or Rau Sed or Sandril or Serpasil)
  • residual  relating to or indicating a remainder; (often plural) a payment that is made to a performer or writer or director of a television show or commercial that is paid for every repeat showing;  something left after other parts have been taken away
  • resilience  the physical property of a material that can return to its original shape or position after deformation that does not exceed its elastic limit;  an occurrence of rebounding or springing back
  • resistance  the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with;  the military action of resisting the enemy's advance;  group action in opposition to those in power; (psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness;  the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin resistant bacteria);  any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion;  an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current;  a secret group organized to overthrow a government or occupation force;  a material's opposition to the flow of electric current; measured in ohms;  (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
  • resistant  impervious to being affected;  incapable of absorbing or mixing with;  disposed to or engaged in defiance of established authority;  relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection); able to tolerate environmental conditions or physiological stress
  • resonance  the quality imparted to voiced speech sounds by the action of the resonating chambers of the throat and mouth and nasal cavities;  a vibration of large amplitude produced by a relatively small vibration near the same frequency of vibration as the natural frequency of the resonating system;  an excited state of a stable particle causing a sharp maximum in the probability of absorption of electromagnetic radiation;  having the character of a loud deep sound; the quality of being resonant;  a relationship of mutual understanding or trust and agreement between people
  • respect  (usually preceded by `in') a detail or point;  an attitude of admiration or esteem;  behavior intended to please your parents;  a courteous expression (by word or deed) of esteem or regard;  courteous regard for people's feelings;  a feeling of friendship and esteem;  the condition of being honored (esteemed or respected or well regarded);  verb regard highly; think much of;  show respect towards
  • response  a phrase recited or sung by the congregation following a versicle by the priest or minister;  a result;  a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some foregoing stimulus or agent;  the manner in which something is greeted;  a statement (either spoken or written) that is made in reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation;  the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
  • responsibility  a form of trustworthiness; the trait of being answerable to someone for something or being responsible for one's conduct;  the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force;  the proper sphere or extent of your activities
  • restless  worried and uneasy;  ceaselessly in motion;  unable to relax or be still;  not affording rest
  • restless legs  feeling of uneasiness and restlessness in the legs after going to bed (sometimes causing insomnia); may be relieved temporarily by walking or moving the legs
  • restorative  promoting recuperation;  tending to impart new life and vigor to; a device for treating injury or disease;  a medicine that strengthens and invigorates
  • restriction  the act of keeping something within specified bounds (by force if necessary);  a principle that limits the extent of something;  an act of limiting or restricting (as by regulation)